Astronauts: Members of spacecraft crew including those who travel in space, and those in training for space flight. (From Webster, 10th ed; Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)Space Flight: Travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.Weightlessness: Condition in which no acceleration, whether due to gravity or any other force, can be detected by an observer within a system. It also means the absence of weight or the absence of the force of gravity acting on a body. Microgravity, gravitational force between 0 and 10 -6 g, is included here. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Cosmic Radiation: High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a result of collisions with the atmosphere or spacecraft.Space Suits: Pressure suits for wear in space or at very low ambient pressures within the atmosphere, designed to permit the wearer to leave the protection of a pressurized cabin. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)Space Simulation: An environment simulating one or more parameters of the space environment, applied in testing space systems or components. Often, a closed chamber is used, capable of approximating the vacuum and normal environments of space. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988) This also includes simulated EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY studies in atmosphere exposure chambers or water tanks.Aerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Weightlessness Simulation: Condition under normal Earth gravity where the force of gravity itself is not actually altered but its influence or effect may be modified and studied. (From ASGSB Bull 1992;5(2):27)United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration: An independent Federal agency established in 1958. It conducts research for the solution of problems of flight within and outside the Earth's atmosphere and develops, constructs, tests, and operates aeronautical and space vehicles. (From U.S. Government Manual, 1993)Solar Activity: Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)Extravehicular Activity: Activities by crew members conducted outside the pressurized hull of a spacecraft.Spacecraft: Devices, manned and unmanned, which are designed to be placed into an orbit about the Earth or into a trajectory to another celestial body. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Weightlessness Countermeasures: Techniques and routines designed to prevent or reverse unwanted effects of weightlessness experienced during actual and simulated space flight, including physiologic changes related to removal of gravitational loading. Specific measures include creation of artificial gravity, exercise, low-level lower body negative pressure, and use of anti-deconditioning devices. (From Nicogossian, Space Physiology and Medicine, 2d ed, pp294-297)Visible Human Projects: Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.Linear Energy Transfer: Rate of energy dissipation along the path of charged particles. In radiobiology and health physics, exposure is measured in kiloelectron volts per micrometer of tissue (keV/micrometer T).Bed Rest: Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.Orthostatic Intolerance: Symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion or autonomic overaction which develop while the subject is standing, but are relieved on recumbency. Types of this include NEUROCARDIOGENIC SYNCOPE; POSTURAL ORTHOSTATIC TACHYCARDIA SYNDROME; and neurogenic ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION. (From Noseworthy, JH., Neurological Therapeutics Principles and Practice, 2007, p2575-2576)Blood Circulation Time: Determination of the shortest time interval between the injection of a substance in the vein and its arrival at some distant site in sufficient concentration to produce a recognizable end result. It represents approximately the inverse of the average velocity of blood flow between two points.Hypergravity: Condition wherein the force of gravity is greater than or is increased above that on the surface of the earth. This is expressed as being greater than 1 g.Hindlimb Suspension: Technique for limiting use, activity, or movement by immobilizing or restraining animal by suspending from hindlimbs or tails. This immobilization is used to simulate some effects of reduced gravity and study weightlessness physiology.Hypotension, Orthostatic: A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.Head-Down Tilt: Posture while lying with the head lower than the rest of the body. Extended time in this position is associated with temporary physiologic disturbances.Heavy Ions: Positively-charged atomic nuclei that have been stripped of their electrons. These particles have one or more units of electric charge and a mass exceeding that of the Helium-4 nucleus (alpha particle).Kidney Calculi: Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.Nephrolithiasis: Formation of stones in the KIDNEY.Calcium Oxalate: The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.Bibliography as Topic: Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Bibliography of Medicine: A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.BooksOccupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Dreams: A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.Kv Channel-Interacting Proteins: A family of neuronal calcium-sensor proteins that interact with and regulate potassium channels, type A.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Patient Isolators: Equipment used to prevent contamination of and by patients, especially those with bacterial infections. This includes plastic surgical isolators and isolators used to protect immunocompromised patients.Expeditions: Usually refers to planned scientific data-gathering excursions.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Holidays: Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.RNA, Spliced Leader: The small RNAs which provide spliced leader sequences, SL1, SL2, SL3, SL4 and SL5 (short sequences which are joined to the 5' ends of pre-mRNAs by TRANS-SPLICING). They are found primarily in primitive eukaryotes (protozoans and nematodes).Decompression: Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.Beggiatoa: A genus of colorless, filamentous bacteria in the family THIOTRICHACEAE whose cells contain inclusions of sulfur granules. When found in decaying seaweed beds and polluted water, its presence signals environmental degradation.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Helianthus: A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Foods, Specialized: Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Chronology as Topic: The temporal sequence of events that have occurred.IndiaTwins, Monozygotic: Two off-spring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from a single fertilized OVUM that split into two EMBRYOS. Such twins are usually genetically identical and of the same sex.Diseases in Twins: Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.

Decreased thin filament density and length in human atrophic soleus muscle fibers after spaceflight. (1/72)

Soleus muscle fibers were examined electron microscopically from pre- and postflight biopsies of four astronauts orbited for 17 days during the Life and Microgravity Sciences Spacelab Mission (June 1996). Myofilament density and spacing were normalized to a 2. 4-microm sarcomere length. Thick filament density ( approximately 1, 062 filaments/microm(2)) and spacing ( approximately 32.5 nm) were unchanged by spaceflight. Preflight thin filament density (2, 976/microm(2)) decreased significantly (P < 0.01) to 2,215/microm(2) in the overlap A band region as a result of a 17% filament loss and a 9% increase in short filaments. Normal fibers had 13% short thin filaments. The 26% decrease in thin filaments is consistent with preliminary findings of a 14% increase in the myosin-to-actin ratio. Lower thin filament density was calculated to increase thick-to-thin filament spacing in vivo from 17 to 23 nm. Decreased density is postulated to promote earlier cross-bridge detachment and faster contraction velocity. Atrophic fibers may be more susceptible to sarcomere reloading damage, because force per thin filament is estimated to increase by 23%.  (+info)

Space flight is associated with rapid decreases of undercarboxylated osteocalcin and increases of markers of bone resorption without changes in their circadian variation: observations in two cosmonauts. (2/72)

BACKGROUND: Microgravity induces bone loss by mechanism(s) that remain largely unknown. METHODS: We measured biochemical markers related to bone remodeling in two cosmonauts before, during, and after 21- and 180-day space flights, respectively. RESULTS: During both flights, type I procollagen propeptide and bone alkaline phosphatase decreased as early as 8 days after launch. Undercarboxylated osteocalcin percentage increased early and remained high during both flights. Vitamin K supplementation restored carboxylation of osteocalcin during the long-term flight. Urinary and serum C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) increased as early as day 8 of the flights; the increase was greater in serum than in urine. Pyridinoline, free deoxypyridinoline, and N-telopeptide increased less than CTX during the short-term space flight. The circadian rhythm of bone resorption assessed by urine CTX and free deoxypyridinoline was not altered by microgravity. CONCLUSION: Vitamin K metabolism or action and bone remodeling may be altered in cosmonauts.  (+info)

Reactivation and shedding of cytomegalovirus in astronauts during spaceflight. (3/72)

The reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 71 astronauts was investigated, using polymerase chain reaction. A significantly greater (P<.0001) shedding frequency was found in urine samples from astronauts before spaceflight (10.6%) than in urine from the healthy control subject group (1.2%). Two of 4 astronauts studied during spaceflight shed CMV in urine. A significant increase (P<.0001) in CMV antibody titer, compared with baseline values, was also found 10 days before spaceflight. CMV antibody titer was further increased (P<.001) 3 days after landing, compared with 10 days before the mission. Significant increases in stress hormones were also found after landing. These results demonstrate that CMV reactivation occurred in astronauts before spaceflight and indicate that CMV may further reactivate during spaceflight.  (+info)

Effects of long-term spaceflight on mechanical properties of muscles in humans. (4/72)

The effects of long-term spaceflight (90-180 days) on the contractile and elastic characteristics of the human plantarflexor muscles were studied in 14 cosmonauts before and 2-3 days after landing. Despite countermeasures practiced aboard, spaceflight was found to induce a decrease in maximal isometric torque (17%), whereas an index of maximal shortening velocity was found to increase (31%). In addition, maximal muscle activation evaluated during isokinetic tests decreased by 39%. Changes in musculotendinous stiffness and whole joint stiffness were characterized by means of quick-release movements and sinusoidal perturbations. Musculotendinous stiffness was found to be increased by 25%. Whole joint stiffness decreased under passive conditions (21%), whereas whole joint stiffness under active conditions remained unchanged after spaceflight (-1%). This invariance suggests an adaptive mechanism to counterbalance the decrease in stiffness of passive structures by an increased active stiffness. Changes in neural drive could participate in this equilibrium.  (+info)

Static and dynamic postural control in long-term microgravity: evidence of a dual adaptation. (5/72)

The adaptation of dynamic movement-posture coordination during forward trunk bending was investigated in long-term weightlessness. Three-dimensional movement analysis was carried out in two astronauts during a 4-mo microgravity exposure. The principal component analysis was applied to joint-angle kinematics for the assessment of angular synergies. The anteroposterior center of mass (CM) displacement accompanying trunk flexion was also quantified. The results reveal that subjects kept typically terrestrial strategies of movement-posture coordination. The temporary disruption of joint-angular synergies observed at subjects' first in-flight session was promptly recovered when repetitive sessions in flight were analyzed. The CM anteroposterior shift was consistently <3-4 cm, suggesting that subjects could dynamically control the CM position throughout the whole flight. This is in contrast to the observed profound microgravity-induced disruption of the quasi-static body orientation and initial CM positioning. Although this study was based on only two subjects, evidence is provided that static and dynamic postural control might be under two separate mechanisms, adapting with their specific time course to the constraints of microgravity.  (+info)

Effect of long-duration spaceflight on postural control during self-generated perturbations. (6/72)

This report is the first systematic evaluation of the effects of prolonged weightlessness on the bipedal postural control processes during self-generated perturbations produced by voluntary upper limb movements. Spaceflight impacts humans in a variety of ways, one of which is compromised postflight postural control. We examined the neuromuscular activation characteristics and center of pressure (COP) motion associated with arm movement of eight subjects who experienced long-duration spaceflight (3--6 mo) aboard the Mir space station. Surface electromyography, arm acceleration, and COP motion were collected while astronauts performed rapid unilateral shoulder flexions before and after spaceflight. Subjects generally displayed compromised postural control after flight, as evidenced by modified COP peak-to-peak anterior-posterior and mediolateral excursion, and pathlength relative to preflight values. These changes were associated with disrupted neuromuscular activation characteristics, particularly after the completion of arm acceleration (i.e., when subjects were attempting to maintain upright posture in response to self-generated perturbations). These findings suggest that, although the subjects were able to assemble coordination modes that enabled them to generate rapid arm movements, the subtle control necessary to maintain bipedal equilibrium evident in their preflight performance is compromised after long-duration spaceflight.  (+info)

Code of conduct for the International Space Station Crew. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Interim final rule. (7/72)

NASA is issuing new regulations entitled "International Space Station Crew," to implement certain provisions of the International Space Station (ISS) Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) regarding ISS crewmembers' observance of an ISS Code of Conduct.  (+info)

Functional and structural adaptations of skeletal muscle to microgravity. (8/72)

Our purpose is to summarize the major effects of space travel on skeletal muscle with particular emphasis on factors that alter function. The primary deleterious changes are muscle atrophy and the associated decline in peak force and power. Studies on both rats and humans demonstrate a rapid loss of cell mass with microgravity. In rats, a reduction in muscle mass of up to 37% was observed within 1 week. For both species, the antigravity soleus muscle showed greater atrophy than the fast-twitch gastrocnemius. However, in the rat, the slow type I fibers atrophied more than the fast type II fibers, while in humans, the fast type II fibers were at least as susceptible to space-induced atrophy as the slow fiber type. Space flight also resulted in a significant decline in peak force. For example, the maximal voluntary contraction of the human plantar flexor muscles declined by 20-48% following 6 months in space, while a 21% decline in the peak force of the soleus type I fibers was observed after a 17-day shuttle flight. The reduced force can be attributed both to muscle atrophy and to a selective loss of contractile protein. The former was the primary cause because, when force was expressed per cross-sectional area (kNm(-2)), the human fast type II and slow type I fibers of the soleus showed no change and a 4% decrease in force, respectively. Microgravity has been shown to increase the shortening velocity of the plantar flexors. This increase can be attributed both to an elevated maximal shortening velocity (V(0)) of the individual slow and fast fibers and to an increased expression of fibers containing fast myosin. Although the cause of the former is unknown, it might result from the selective loss of the thin filament actin and an associated decline in the internal drag during cross-bridge cycling. Despite the increase in fiber V(0), peak power of the slow type I fiber was reduced following space flight. The decreased power was a direct result of the reduced force caused by the fiber atrophy. In addition to fiber atrophy and the loss of force and power, weightlessness reduces the ability of the slow soleus to oxidize fats and increases the utilization of muscle glycogen, at least in rats. This substrate change leads to an increased rate of fatigue. Finally, with return to the 1g environment of earth, rat studies have shown an increased occurrence of eccentric contraction-induced fiber damage. The damage occurs with re-loading and not in-flight, but the etiology has not been established.  (+info)

*Astronauts (band)

"Astronauts - Skydive (Official Music Video)". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014. "Astronauts". Nära is Near. Retrieved 20 ... "Astronauts - Lo & Behold". Lorecordings.com. Retrieved 20 November 2014. "Astronauts - "Skydive" (Official Video)". DAN DIGS. ... Astronauts is the solo musical project of the UK songwriter, Dan Carney. He is signed to London-based imprint Lo Recordings. ... After the first Astronauts songs were uploaded to Soundcloud in November 2013, a deal was signed with Lo Recordings. The debut ...

*Astronauts & Heretics

... , released in 1992, was the fourth studio album by Thomas Dolby. It was Dolby's last studio album until ... Astronauts & Heretics contained the singles "I Love You Goodbye", "Close But No Cigar" and "Silk Pyjamas". The album was ... on Astronauts & Heretics including a Van Halen style solo on "Eastern Bloc". All tracks by Dolby unless noted "I Love You ... " "Astronauts & Heretics". Discogs.com. Allmusic review Billboard, 11-14-1992, p.55 Entertainment Weekly, 11-06-1992, p.67. ...

*Astronauts Day

... is an American holiday, dedicated to NASA astronauts and their achievements. It is a "floating" holiday, ... Observants of this holiday are asked to light a candle in their window, reflect on the sacrifices astronauts have made, and re- ...

*Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts

Astronauts (Parts 1-9) - 46:03 "Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-12-18. Spectre, Will. (2002). ... Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts is the second album by the British indie and psychedelic rock band Kula Shaker. Initial recording ... Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts was re-released in a 10th Anniversary, 2 CD edition on 20 January 2010. The 10th Anniversary ... Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts was placed at number 36 in Q magazine's 2006 list, "The 50 Worst Albums Ever!" "Great Hosannah" ( ...

*Outer Space Astronauts

... on Syfy Outer Space Astronauts on IMDb. ... Outer Space Astronauts is a comedy television series which ... Outer Space Astronauts uses an animation technique similar to Cutout animation, which combines live-action greenscreen footage ...

*Astronauts (TV series)

BBC TV Comedy Guide for Astronauts. Astronauts on IMDb. Astronauts at British Comedy Guide.. ... The astronauts' names are Malcolm Mattocks, Gentian Foster and David Ackroyd, whilst the astronauts' contact at Mission Control ... Astronauts was a British sitcom that aired on ITV from 26 October 1981 to 23 August 1983. It was written by Graeme Garden and ... So when Beadle disappears for lunch, the astronauts decide to get even. Episode Six (30 November 1981) - Fifty days in space ...

*The Falling Astronauts

... was one of the novels that "revealed the rot and canker and delusions at the roots of governmental space ... The Falling Astronauts is a science fiction novel by American writer Barry N. Malzberg, first published in 1971 in a paperback ... However, the mission to install the seismic charges on the lunar surface goes awry when one of the astronauts goes rogue and ... In 1972, The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction's Joanna Russ praised The Falling Astronauts with "What is astonishing about ...

*The Lonely Astronauts

... is the band originally started as Joseph Arthur's one-man band. Joseph have recorded and released two ... The Lonely Astronauts are: Joseph Arthur - vocals, guitar, harmonica Kraig Jarret Johnson - guitar, keyboards, vocals Jen ... but has not consistently appeared with the Astronauts on-stage. Angelbert Metoyer is a Houston, Texas-based artist who would ...

*God Hates Astronauts

... Volume 2: A Star Is Born. Image Comics. ISBN 978-1632151964. "God Hates Astronauts". Comic Book Roundup. ... "Beer Hates Astronauts". Half Acre Brewery. Retrieved 11 January 2015. "Beer Hates Astronauts". Beeradvocate. Retrieved 11 ... God Hates Astronauts is an American science fiction/comedy comic book series written and illustrated by Ryan Browne. Originally ... Beer Hates Astronauts has been very well received, currently holding a 98 rating on review aggregator sites Beeradvocate and ...

*Astronauts of Antiquity

". "Astronauts of Antiquity interview! - zmemusic.com". "Astronauts of Antiquity interview! - musiccrowns.org". "Astronauts Of ... Astronauts of Antiquity's most recent single Paradise comes off of their third release, the Beyond The Maze EP. The group began ... In May 2016, Astronauts of Antiquity released their first single Paradise (ft. Deploi) off of upcoming EP Beyond The Maze. The ... Astronauts of Antiquity (New York, New York, USA) are an alternative, electropop band based out of Los Angeles, California with ...

*Home of Astronauts

... is a 7" vinyl-only covers EP released by Indiana lo-fi/indie songster Elephant Micah. It was released in ...

*Lists of astronauts

NASA Astronaut Corps NASA Astronaut Group 2 NASA Astronaut Group 3 NASA Astronaut Group 4 NASA Astronaut Group 5 NASA Astronaut ... Astronaut Group 7 NASA Astronaut Group 8 NASA Astronaut Group 9 NASA Astronaut Group 10 NASA Astronaut Group 11 NASA Astronaut ... Group 12 NASA Astronaut Group 13 NASA Astronaut Group 14 NASA Astronaut Group 15 NASA Astronaut Group 16 NASA Astronaut Group ... 17 NASA Astronaut Group 18 NASA Astronaut Group 19 NASA Astronaut Group 20 NASA Astronaut Group 21 NASA Astronaut Group 22 List ...

*List of Jewish astronauts

"Astronaut hopes to celebrate High Holy Days aboard Mir , j. the Jewish news weekly of Northern California". Jweekly.com. ... "Astronaut John Grunsfeld: Chicago Jewish Roots in Outer Space" (PDF), Chicago Jewish History, Chicago Jewish Historical Society ... "Mezuzot in Space - Jewish Astronaut Posts Mezuzahs on NASA Shuttle Door Posts into Outer Space". Judaism.about.com. May 18, ... Ilani, Ofri (April 2, 2008). "Who puts up a mezuzah in space? A Jewish astronaut - Haaretz Daily Newspaper , Israel News". ...

*List of Arab Astronauts

Mohammed Ahmed Faris is a Syrian astronaut born in Aleppo in 05/26/1951. Mohammed Faris is the first Syrian astronaut into ... Syrian astronaut Mohammad Faris made a space flight in 1987, as part of a joint Syrian-Soviet mission. Among the efforts, ... Mohammed Faris participated in the order and prepare for the trip with a group of his fellow astronauts, including the Syrian ... Syrian astronaut Mohammad Faris's journey included thirteen scientific experiment conducted in space aboard the spacecraft, and ...

*List of Apollo astronauts

While three astronauts flew to the Moon twice, of which two landed, none landed on the Moon more than once. The nine Apollo ... Thirty-two astronauts were assigned to fly in the Apollo manned lunar landing program. Twenty-four of them left Earth's orbit ... All of these astronauts flew on Gemini, and except for White, each commanded one Gemini and one Apollo mission: Ed White - ... Twelve of these astronauts walked on the Moon's surface, and six of those drove Lunar Roving Vehicles on the Moon. ...

*Welcoming Home the Astronauts

... is Flickerstick's first album. It was originally released in 2001 on 226 Records (The Best Album ...

*List of Chinese astronauts

Chinese women in space Chinese American astronauts Taylor Wang Leroy Chiao Ed Lu List of astronauts List of astronauts by ... Instead, NASA astronaut Taylor Wang, a naturalized U.S. citizen born in China, became the first ethnically Chinese person in ... This is a list of Chinese astronauts, people trained by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) to command, pilot, or ... China 2, spacefacts.de Space.com, "Names of China's Secret Astronauts Revealed by Autographed Envelope", Robert Z. Pearlman, 7 ...

*The Astronauts Are Sleeping

... is a double album (actually released in two separate volumes) by Her Space Holiday released in 1999 ... The Astronauts Are Sleeping (Enter) Promised a Flight Our Favorite Day Sweet Baby Jesus Explosion Existence Slide Guitars and ... It was re-released in 2002 as The Astronauts Are Sleeping 2.0. This volume was released by Skylab Operations. "Promised a ... The Astronauts Are Sleeping at AllMusic Pitchfork Media review. ... " "The Astronauts Are Sleeping (Exit)" "The Fourth of July" ...

*List of female astronauts

The time between the first male and first female astronauts varied widely by country. The first astronauts from Britain, South ... Female astronauts went on to become commonplace in the 1980s. (This list includes space travelers from the former Soviet Union ... List of space travelers by name-all people who have flown in space List of space travelers by nationality List of astronauts by ...

*List of Japanese astronauts

Data are given as of 12.01.2018 In the list of 12 astronauts of whom two are women. Only two cosmonauts have experience of ... Below is a list of Japanese astronauts participating in space flight. ...

*List of Muslim astronauts

"A Muslim Astronaut's Dilemma-How to Face Mecca From Space" by Patrick Di Justo Wired 26 Sep 2007:. ... This is a list of Muslim astronauts who have traveled to space. Malaysia's space agency, Angkasa, convened a conference of 150 ... Angkasawan program List of Arab Astronauts A prince in space at Saudi Aramco World, January/February 1986, p20-29 El-Maghraby, ...

*We Could Be Astronauts

Hugh Bayley backs We Could Be Astronauts for stardom (From York Press) We Could Be Astronauts We Could Be Astronauts chosen for ... We Could Be Astronauts is based on a line taken from a One Eskimo song called Astronauts. The actual line is "We can be ... We Could Be Astronauts are a British Rock band that formed in York in 2009. The band consists of Robert Hughes (vocals, guitar ... astronauts". We Could Be Astronauts have been aired on local radio stations as band of the week on Minster FM and part of the ...

*List of European astronauts

Soyuz 40 Thomas Reiter, EAC, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS. - Soyuz TM-22, STS-121/ ... This is a list of astronauts who are resident in any of the countries of Europe, exclusive[why?] of the former Soviet republics ... Soyuz TM-13/12 Roberto Vittori, EAC - Soyuz TM-34/33, Soyuz TMA-6/5 Ulrich Walter - STS-55 Other European astronauts now ...

*List of Dutch astronauts

Two of the three astronauts flew to space on board a Space Shuttle, while one of them used the Russian Soyuz to reach space. ... The second Dutch-born astronaut and first Dutch citizen to have been to space is Wubbo Ockels. He was born March 28, 1946 in ... The third Dutch-born astronaut and second Dutch citizen to have been to space is André Kuipers. He was born October 5, 1958 in ... As of 2009, The Netherlands is the country of birth to three astronauts, one of whom went to space as an American citizen. ...

*Waving at the Astronauts

... is an album by Lifeguards, a side project of Robert Pollard and Doug Gillard, released in 2011. All ...
astronaut - Definition of astronaut and synonyms of astronaut are presented by online Websters Dictionary. Includes dictionary browser, morphological search by meaning of astronaut, thesaurus, related words, and dictionary browser. Provides astronaut usage examples
ESA Press Release N°.25-2001ESA astronaut Umberto Guidoni returned to Earth yesterday, 1 May, proud to have become the first European astronaut to set foot on the International Space Station.
MRIs before and after space missions reveal that astronauts brains compress and expand during spaceflight, according to a University of Michigan study. The findings could have applications for treating other health conditions that affect brain function, says principal investigator Rachael Seidler, U-M professor of kinesiology and psychology. The study, believed to be the first to examine structural changes that take place in astronauts brains during spaceflight, found that the volume of gray matter increased or decreased, and the extent of the alteration depended on the length of time spent in space. Seidler and colleagues examined structural MRIs in 12 astronauts who spent two weeks as shuttle crew members, and 14 who spent six months on the International Space Station. All experienced increases and decreases in gray matter in different parts of the brain, with more pronounced changes the longer the astronauts spent in space. "We found large regions of gray matter volume decreases, which ...
SpaceX has unveiled a sleek white spacesuit for astronauts on its crewed flights coming up next year.. Chief executive Elon Musk made the big reveal via Instagram on Wednesday. He says its not him in the new suit, rather a SpaceX engineer.. SpaceX is developing a crew version of its Dragon cargo capsule for NASA astronauts. Boeing is also working to get U.S. astronauts flying again from home soil. Boeing is going blue for spacesuits for its Starliner capsules.. U.S. astronauts last rocketed away from Cape Canaveral, Florida, in 2011. Theyve since been riding Russian rockets to get to the International Space Station.. Musk says the new SpaceX suit has been tested on Earth - and works. He says it was incredibly hard to balance aesthetics and function ...
Your mother probably told you to sit up straight or youll end up a hunchback. But doing so in space without gravity to guide the way is another matter entirely. In order to keep astronauts posture in check, researchers at the European Astronaut Centre (EAC) have designed a new type of suit to wear while up in space, called Skinsuit. Simon Evetts, the lead of the Medical Projects and Technology Team at EAC, said that the Skinsuit exerts force on its wearer from the shoulders towards the feet. "It looks like a tight-fitting Lycra suit you might find at Olympic swimming pools," he told ABC News. "Theyre individually tailored, so that the right amount of force is provided to each astronaut." Ultimately, it comes down to simulating the force an astronaut feels on Earth to keep their skeletons healthy. "When were on Earth and we walk or run, we put weight on our bones that cause the different cellular processes to signal bone formation to occur," said International Space Station engineer Mamta ...
or let it float away into space?" Luckily, so far, no astronauts have died while working on the International Space Station (ISS) with all space-related fatalities happening during launch or landing. But as traveling through space becomes commonplace and we head out on three-month trips to colonize Mars, death in space becomes inevitable.. World-famous mortician Caitlin Doughty - who has made a career out of promoting death acceptance - reckons there are three options for dealing with a space corpse which she outlines in her new book, Will My Cat Eat My Eyeballs?. The ISS is pretty small and stowing a dead body would be logistically tricky Bring the body back to Earth. Caitlin pointed out that if an astronauts body is being returned to Earth, it will have to wait for a return shuttle, so the priority is keeping it cool. Unfortunately, the ISS is small and there is definitely no room for a space mortuary.. "On the International Space Station, astronauts keep trash and food waste in the coldest ...
Researchers looked at MRI scans from 27 astronauts. Thirteen had flown on the Space Shuttle for a couple weeks, and 14 had spent about six months on the International Space Station. What they found was that the volume of grey matter in the astronaut brains actually decreased.. We found large regions of gray matter volume decreases, which could be related to redistribution of cerebrospinal fluid in space, Rachael Seidler, a professor of kinesiology and psychology at the University of Michigan, said in a statement. Gravity is not available to pull fluids down in the body, resulting in so-called puffy face in space. This may result in a shift of brain position or compression.. But thats not the full story.. They also detected increases in grey matter in the space travelers brains in the regions that are tied to leg movement and sensation. Astronauts, of course, use their legs differently in microgravity than they do down on Earth.. The results are evidence of the brains plasticity- that it ...
Space suits for astronauts may get a new and better design following a University of Houston doctoral students locomotion stability research. Melissa Scott-Pandorf is a Fellow of the Texas Space Grant Consortium.. "NASAs mission to send humans back to the Moon is closer to a reality every day," Scott-Pandorf, a doctoral student in the UH Department of Health and Human Performance, said. "Astronauts will need to travel easily over the planets terrain, meaning their mobility will be important for overall mission success.". To begin her study, Scott-Pandorf looked at hours and hours of lunar moon-walk video to determine how fast and how far astronauts traveled wearing all of the needed equipment. That information, combined with metabolic indicators collected while the astronauts worked on the lunar surface, was used to calculate the amount of energy expelled while walking on the moon. Scott-Pandorf said this is valuable information that will help NASA officials decide how much is too much to ...
Astronaut Robert Thirsk will be heading to the ISS in May 2009 for a 6-month stay to help out Expedition 19/20. Astronaut Frank DeWinne also be joining him. They will leave onboard a Russian Soyuz (19S). With the help of Dr. Guilles Clement, a renowned neuroscientist, we will be proposing an educational project for Astronaut Thirsk and DeWinne to perform. Our project will be to determine the effect the space environment has on the astronauts when they view 2D and 3D ambiguous figures. What are ambiguous figures? Figures that allow for more than one perceptual interpretation, each of which is accurate. So we need to fine-tune a software that will present the figures and record data they are selecting, develop crew procedures, and complete some other documentation by the end of the month. Were a team of about 15 students, and it is intended to have the ISU students of next summer interpret the data. Now, were not certain that our project will get approved, but there is a pretty good chance. ...
As the Expedition Two crew gets settled aboard the International Space Station, American crew members for future space station missions have begun formal training to meet launch dates, beginning in 2002.. The 14 astronauts, six assigned to primary crews and eight assigned to backup crews, will join a corps of expedition astronauts and cosmonauts previously named to the first four International Space Station expeditions. Russian members of these new expedition crews will be formally announced in the near future.. "These assignments signal that the space station is ready for long-term operations," said Charlie Precourt, the chief of the Astronaut Office at NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston, TX. "We have an outstanding corps of highly qualified astronauts who will complete assembly and take the station into a new era of scientific research in space.". The Expedition Five crew will consist of astronaut Peggy Whitson (Ph.D.) and two Russian cosmonauts, one of whom will be the mission commander. ...
ESA PR 21-2008. With ESA astronauts working in the Columbus laboratory onboard the International Space Station (ISS) and the first of ESAs new ATV cargo ships having delivered fresh supplies to the station, ESAs human spaceflight activities have entered a new era. It is now time for ES…
PHILADELPHIA - Space is one of the most demanding and unforgiving environments. Human exploration of space requires astronauts to maintain consistently high levels of cognitive performance to ensure mission safety and success, and prevent potential errors and accidents. Despite the importance of cognitive performance for mission success, little is known about how cognition is affected by prolonged spaceflight, and what aspects of cognition are primarily affected.. Now, Penn Medicine researchers are poised to help the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) close this knowledge gap. They have developed a cognitive test battery, known as Cognition, for the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) to measure the impact of typical spaceflight stressors (like microgravity, radiation, confinement and isolation, exposure to elevated levels of CO2, and sleep loss) on cognitive performance. This computer-based test has already been tested by astronauts on Earth. It will be ...
It is impossible to get to Mars or to travel elsewhere in space without risk. How radiation affects astronauts is an important question. But worrying excessively about what the after-effects of travel might be saddles would-be pioneers with the bureaucratic mentality of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Such safeguarding is necessary on Earth to protect workers who may be exploited by their employers-but it is a millstone weighting down highly educated astronauts who voluntarily take seats atop huge tanks of explosives that propel them to space. (It would be another issue if astronauts risked being stricken with Alzheimers while behind the controls of a spacecraft, but there is no evidence from this study that suggests the response, even of the susceptible mice, is immediate.). ...
Nows your chance to own three never-before-seen FLOWN space artifacts encased in Lucite when you join the Astronaut Scholarship Foundations 2011 Space Artifact Series! Secure your membership today and youíll be on your way to making this trio the centerpiece of your collection!. These limited-edition relics are elegantly suspended in Lucite measuring approximately 3.5″ x 2.75″ each; the segments themselves vary in size and shape as each are unique, irreplaceable pieces extracted from the material. Each pieces mission insignia is showcased below the artifact, and the reverse side features a description of the item, its individual series number and a digital astronaut signature attesting to its genuineness. The artifact is also accompanied by a Certificate of Authenticity which has been personally signed by the astronaut.. The 2011 Space Artifact Series Features: ...
NASA astronaut Sandy Magnus works out on the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device aboard the International Space Station. Image Credit: NASA. A new study of 13 International Space Station astronauts suggests a combination of strenuous weightlifting-like exercise and careful attention to diet and nutrition can stave off the bone loss long thought by experts to be an obstacle to long missions by astronauts to deep space destinations.. The study of nine men and four women assigned to the orbiting science laboratory between 2006 and 2009 was focused on the addition of the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device in late 2008.. The ARED joined a treadmill, bicycle ergometer and the less physically taxing Interim Resistive Exercise Device as the primary workout equipment used by station astronauts for more than two hours each day to maintain muscle and bone strength in the absence of gravity.. The ARED doubled the resistive force of the IRAD -- up to 600 pounds -- available to astronauts and increased from ...
(CNN) - When astronauts encounter a medical risk on the International Space Station 250 miles up from the Earths surface, its not exactly easy for a doctor to make a house call. So when NASA researchers suspected a blood clot in one of their astronauts during a long-duration stay on the space station last year, they had to act quickly to treat the unexpected risk. The blood clo...
After a day of rest, the 13 astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station will shift back into high gear for robotic operations and spacewalk preparations.. The crews Sunday wake-up music was composer George Frederic Handels "Dixit Dominus." The excerpt was uplinked for Canadian Space Agency astronaut Julie Payette at 3:03 a.m. CDT.. Overnight, flight controllers continued to manually operate the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA), which shares responsibility for revitalizing the stations atmosphere with a similar Russian system. Theyre keeping the atmosphere at normal levels, but are refining the remote-control procedures.. The U.S. CDRA has two "beds" that alternately collect or expel the gas byproduct of human breathing from the station. The primary heater tripped a circuit breaker Saturday afternoon, and since then the ground team has been manually operating the backup heater. Engineers are continuing to analyze data on the primary heater. A second CDRA will be ...
Some astronauts who have spent extended periods in microgravity on the International Space Station (ISS) have developed abnormalities in their eyes and pituitary gland/brain connectors that are similar to a type of intracranial hypertension that occurs on the ground. The finding may help Earth-bound physicians understand what causes the potentially serious condition, but it already has NASA flight surgeons pondering how they can mitigate it when astronauts travel into deep space. A report in ... ...
Kids of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston had a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to speak with one of NASAs astronauts currently aboard the International Space Station (ISS). This astronaut was none other than Kate Rubins of Expedition 49.
by Tachim on September 16, 2017 - 6:08pm On September 14th 2017, Melissa Gaskill who is working at the International Space Station Program Office, wrote an article about how transparent fish called Medaka could help researchers find a solution to the bone density loss of astronauts. This phenomenon is due to the fact that in microgravity, the body does not work as much as when he is on earth. This causes the bone mass to decrease due to insufficient work. To prevent too much bone mass loss, the astronauts need to exercises at least two hours per day and have weeks of rehabilitation.. Now, why use Medaka fish for this experiments? Simply because their transparency helps the researchers target what they are looking for. Secondly the osteoclasts molecular structures are shown to have no major differences between the mamal and the fish, which made these little fishes even more suitable for this experiment.. In order to understand the mechanism behind osteoclasts, a cell that breaks the bone cells in ...
The International Space Station is an incredible place to take photographs, as many former astronauts have shown. Now, ESA astronaut Paolo Nespoli renews that interest with his latest footage
NASA is on a Journey to Mars and a new consensus is emerging around our plan, vision and timetable for sending American astronauts to the Red Planet in the 2030s. Our strategy calls for working with commercial partners to get our astronauts and cargo to the International Space Station while NASA also focuses - simultaneously - on getting our astronauts to deep space.. https://youtu.be/lCgcqSwqInU[/embedyt]. Few would have imagined back in 2010 when President Barack Obama pledged that NASA would work "with a growing array of private companies competing to make getting to space easier and more affordable," that less than six years later wed be able to say commercial carriers have transported 35,000 of pounds of space cargo (and counting!) to the International Space Station (ISS) - or that wed be so firmly on track to return launches of American astronauts to the ISS from American soil on American commercial carriers.. But that is exactly what is happening.. Since the first SpaceX Dragon ...
New science unloaded from the latest SpaceX Dragon to visit the International Space Station is under way. The variety of new and ongoing space research is designed to benefit life on Earth and astronauts on long duration missions.. Astronaut Kate Rubins, a biological researcher on Earth, is lifting her science expertise to new heights today setting up a microscope in the U.S. Destiny laboratory module. The new microscope will observe heart cells to help doctors understand how the human heart adapts in space and improve crew health.. Japanese astronaut Takuya Onishi checked the habitat for the Mouse Epigenetics experiment today. That study is researching how microgravity alters the gene expression in mice and DNA in their offspring.. Commander Jeff Williams joined cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin for ultrasound scans today to investigate how fluids shift from the lower body to the upper body. The study is exploring how these fluid shifts affect fluid pressure in an astronauts head and eyes potentially ...
Astronauts float weightlessly through space, and the condition of weightlessness is something many would love to experience. However, in addition to producing both physical and psychological stress, a trip into space affects our core body temperature. Researchers have observed that astronauts run hot when exposed to weightlessness, and that, even at rest, their body temperature is approximately 1°C above the normal value of 37°C (98.6°F ...
May 25 - Astronauts aboard the ISS use a robot arm to capture the first commercial space capsule SpaceX Dragon to arrive at the station. Rough Cut (no reporter narration).}
Read more about Why astronauts become visually impaired on longer missions on Business Standard. The visual problems that affect astronauts on long space missions is related to volume changes in the clear fluid which is found around the brain and spinal cord, say researchers.
Dear Cecil:. Without gravity, how do female astronauts menstruate while in space?. - Gayle, Ventura, CA. Cecil replies:. For a while there, Gayle, the question wasnt how women would menstruate in space but whether it was too risky to find out.. Although the first female cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, had flown in Vostok 6 in 1963, women were excluded from the U.S. space program during its early years. The official reason for this was that, as a matter of policy, U.S. astronauts were drawn from the ranks of military test pilots, and all the test pilots were men. If you ask me, though, the real reason was American male panic about women and their mysterious inner workings. Several plane crashes in the 1930s had involved menstruating female pilots, and experts - male experts, of course - suggested that putting a woman with "menstrual disturbances" in the cockpit was an invitation to disaster. Eventually the more hysterical fears receded, but some space medics still harbored serious concerns ...
BAIKONUR, Kazakhstan - A Russian spacecraft surged into clear skies over the Central Asian steppe Tuesday, carrying a three-man crew on their way to the International Space Station.. The engines of the Soyuz TMA-06M sent a powerful roar across the tinder-dry countryside of southern Kazakhstan as scheduled in the afternoon to deliver NASA astronaut Kevin Ford and Russians Oleg Novitsky and Yevgeny Tarelkin to the orbiting laboratory.. "I spoke with the astronauts after they reached orbit," Russian Space Agency chief Vladimir Popovkin said. "They feel well. Everything went fine, despite the windy conditions.". After a two-day journey, the astronauts will join U.S. astronaut Sunita Williams, Russias Yuri Malenchenko and Aki Hoshide of Japans JAXA agency.. The crew will face what may be the heaviest workload in the 12-year history of the space station over its first week.. Tasks will include handling the departure of a Dragon cargo vehicle and a spacewalk to carry out repair operations on the ...
Ive spoken to a ham/astronaut on the space shuttle and also ISS. Was fun. But was me(ground) direct to them. myles Landstein myles.landstein at gmail.com , On Dec 21, 2017, at 10:28 AM, John Brier ,johnbrier at gmail.com, wrote: , , Oops. I did miss that. That would be cool too. Does them talking on their , own crossband repeater count? I think they have done that. Certainly some , of the Kenwood radios they have had allow for it. , , 73, John Brier KG4AKV , , On Dec 21, 2017 10:23 AM, Burns Fisher ,burns at fisher.cc, wrote: , ,, I think you all missed the point of Douglas question which I think is Do ,, the astronauts ever talk *ON AMATEUR RADIO SATELLITES*. We know they talk ,, direct to the ground on occasion. ,, ,, 73, ,, ,, Burns W2BFJ ,, ,, On Thu, Dec 21, 2017 at 10:18 AM, Dave Webb KB1PVH ,kb1pvh at gmail.com, ,, wrote: ,, ,,, There was a bunch on Field Day 2014. ,,, ,,, https://www.dropbox.com/preview/NA1SS_field_day2140UTC.mp3?role=personal ,,, ,,, Dave-KB1PVH ,,, ,,, ,,, Sent ...
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) - In a high-flying, perfectly pitched first, an astronaut on the International Space Station is bowing out of orbit with a musical video: his own custom version of David Bowies Space Oddity.
I am writing a short film about an astronaut during re-entry to earth. Part of the conflict I wrote is that the astronaut could not pass the mental tests required. Could anyone tell me any tests people need to pass before going to space? Specifically if possible: How does NASA determine if a person can maintain control and focus during very stressful situations?. ...
FREDERICK, Md.-An astronaut with the European Space Agency will give a talk about his experiences on two space missions Wednesday, April 18 at 12:45 p.m. in Hodson Auditorium in Rosenstock Hall at Hood College.. Paolo Nespoli of Verano Brianza, Italy, served in 2007 as a mission specialist aboard the space shuttle Discovery, and again in 2010 aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft as first flight engineer for Europes third six-month mission to the International Space Station. In his presentation, "Six Months Out of This World," he will talk about his participation in docking operations and educational activities, experiments that ranged from radiation monitoring to measurements that could improve oil recovery in petroleum reservoirs, and filming for the documentary film, "First Orbit.". For more information, contact Mayme Kugler, administrative assistant for Hoods biology, chemistry, physics and physical education departments, at (301) 696-3649, or by e-mail at [email protected] ...
Thank you very much for giving me the keys to the family car," Hadfield told outgoing station commander Kevin Ford, a NASA astronaut who is due to depart on Thursday along with Russian cosmonauts Oleg Novitskiy and Evgeny Tarelkin. "Were going to put some miles on it, but well bring it back in good shape.". Ford, Novitskiy and Tarelkin have been orbiting 250 miles (400 kilometers) above Earth on the station since October.. Command of the station, a project of 15 nations that has been permanently staffed since November 2000, normally rotates between the two primary partners, United States and Russia. But in May 2009, Belgian astronaut Frank De Winne became the first station commander from the European Space Agency.. Hadfield, a veteran of two space shuttle missions, is the stations first Canadian commander. He will be part of a three-man skeleton crew until NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy and Russian cosmonauts Pavel Vinogradov and Alexander Misurkin arrive later this month.. Hadfield, astronaut ...
Astronaut Scott Carpenter, the second American to orbit the Earth and first person to explore both the heights of space and depths of the ocean, died Thursday after a stroke. He was 88.Along with John Glenn, who flew three months before him, Carpenter was one of the last two surviving original Mercury 7 astronauts for the fledgling U.S. space program.
The next day was an accomplishment in its own kind when the hatches between Dragon and the $100 billion orbiting lab were opened.. Now, the astronauts aboard the International Space Station would be unloading cargo from the first private spacecraft ever to visit the orbiting lab.. There are over 1,014 pounds (460 kilograms) of cargo on the Dragon spacecraft and the unpacking would only begin on May 28. According to NASA flight director Holly Ridings, "Monday and Tuesday are very big cargo days on the space station with regard to Dragon. At least one of the crewmembers will be doing cargo operations almost all of their work days those days".. There are currently six astronauts living aboard the station. They include NASA astronauts Don Pettit and Joe Acaba, European astronaut Andre Kuipers, and Russian cosmonauts Oleg Kononenko, Gennady Padalka and Sergei Revin. The unloading would be handled by Acaba and Kuipers which would take a total of about 25 hours.. ...
ASTRONAUTS will spend up to two weeks on the Moon in a daring lunar mission set to launch by 2030. The lengthy lunar stay will see four Nasa astronauts spend nearly five times longer on the Moon than any spacefarers before them.
NASA announced today that Caltechs Jessica Watkins, GPS Chairs Postdoctoral Scholar and California Alliance for Graduate Education and the Professoriate (AGEP) Fellow, has been selected for the 2017 Astronaut Class. A native of Gaithersburg, Maryland, Watkins graduated from Stanford University in 2010 and earned a PhD from UCLA in 2015. For the past two years, she has worked at Caltech on the Mars Science Laboratory missions Curiosity rover with John Grotzinger, the Fletcher Jones Professor of Geology and Ted and Ginger Jenkins Leadership Chair in the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences. A multi-sport athlete, Watkins has also served as an assistant coach for the Caltech womens basketball team. In just two months, she will depart from Pasadena to begin two years of astronaut training in Houston-the realization of a dream that began when she was nine years old.. Watkins recently talked with us about how she got where she is today, and what is next for her. ...
There are many schools and students who dream of being an astronaut, but due to the lack of astronomy and astronautics in the classroom many letting this dream go away, the project has piqued these childrens curiosity about space themes, plus one school where the mission x will be engraved in the memory of many children.for example Leonardo has a lot of knowledge about astronomy and loves to study relativity. Existem muitas escolas e estudantes que sonham em ser astronauta, mas devido a carência de temas relacionados a astronomia e astronáutica em sala de aula muitos deixando esse sonho ir embora, o projeto tem despertado mais e mais a curiosidade destas crianças sobre temas espaciais. Mais uma escola onde o missão x ficará gravado na memória de muitas crianças. Por exemplo Leonardo tem muito conhecimento sobre astronomia e adora estudar relatividade. ...
Friends of charged astronaut Lisa Nowak say the pressures of being a wife, mother, and astronaut caused her significant "mental anguish."
Spacewalking astronauts install new front door for visitors - AP News: CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) - Spacewalking astronauts installed a new .01/20/2018 4:48:07AM EST.
When astronauts head up to the International Space Station for extended periods of time, they face a host of health dangers. In the microgravity environment of the ISS, bones and muscles weaken; radiation exposure increases; and swelling fluids give rise to "puffy" faces ...
After 340 days on the International Space Station, Scott Kelly has spent more continuous time in space than any other American astronaut.
Among the newest crew on the International Space Station is U.S. astronaut Kate Rubins, who will assume the role of Flight Engineer for Expeditions 48 and 49.
Astronauts aboard the International Space Station have successfully grown zinnia flowers in microgravity. But is this the first flower grown in space?
On December 19, 2012, Canadian Astronaut Chris Hadfield launched aboard a Soyuz spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) where he will live and work for 5 months as part of the crew of Expedition 34/35.
Astronauts drink recycled urine BBC News (w/video) The crew of the International Space Station (ISS) have celebrated a new on-board water system by raising a toast of their own recycled urine. They clinked their water bags together and said cheers, before telling ground control the water was great. The system collects urine, sweat and atmospheric moisture and recycles it into purified water. It is seen as an important step forward in plans to double the crew on the ISS by the end of
A sleek, white gumdrop-shaped space capsule that aims to carry up to seven astronauts to the International Space Station and return to land anywhere on Earth was unveiled Thursday by SpaceX.
What could an astronaut and ballet dancer possibly have in common? The answer is in their movement! In space, astronauts move almost as if theyre dancing between one place and another as they float around in zero gravity. Inspired by aerial and ballet dancers, this wearable, full-body device called Orpheus offers astronauts in the International Space Station an entirely new way of exercising.. The current Advanced Resistive Exercise Device is large, static and lacks versatility in terms of the range of exercise and muscles worked. Orpheus not only offers a major reduction in mass and volume (thanks to its aluminum and carbon fiber composition), it also gives astronauts the ability to move freely while placing resistance on the muscles. Its not only adjustable to suit each users unique body shape and size, but programmable to provide fitness routines and muscle training techniques that can be user adapted. Users can even comfortably move about the station as they work and train their bodies ...
Some 22,000 chunks of space junk zip around the earth. On Saturday, six International Space Station astronauts scrambled for safety as a piece of a Russian satellite whizzed by.
Astronaut Koichi Wakata has become the first Japanese commander of the International Space Station, according to the countrys space agency.
The new Expedition 52 crew will spend a four and a half month stint aboard the station and continue over 250 ongoing science investigations in fields such as biology, Earth science, human research, physical sciences and technology development.. Bresnik, Ryazanskiy and Nespoli are slated to stay aboard until returning to Earth in December.. Whitson, Fischer and Yurchikhin are in the home stretch of their mission and will retun to Earth in September. Shortly after their departure, NASA astronauts Mark Vande Hei and Joseph Acaba and Russian cosmonaut Alexander Misurkin will launch on the next Soyuz from Kazakhstan to join the Expedition 53 crew.. Whitson is the most experienced US astronaut with time in space. Her record setting cumulative time in space will exceed 600 days and include a 9 month stay on this flight upon her return to Earth.. She most recently launched to the ISS last year on Nov 17, 2016 aboard a Russian Soyuz capsule from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. This is her 3rd long duration stay ...
Julie Payette knows, quite literally, how far science and technology have taken Canada over the last 150 years. The celebrated Canadian astronaut has soared into space, visited the International Space Station, and operated the Canadarms with their computerized brains, copper nerves, and graphite ...
A music video shot aboard the International Space Station turns Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield into an overnight music sensation
NASA Photo ID: Title: S62-05104 image text Artists concept of a Saturn launch S62-05105 image text Artists concept of a Saturn launch S63-00562 image text Portrait of Astronaut Groups 1 and 2 S63-15227 image text Little Joe II and Boilerplate #6 liftoff from launch area #3 at White Sands S63-15229 image text View of the liftoff of Little Joe II S63-21052 image text Boilerplate 6 and firing sequence of Apollo-Little Joe S63-21102 image text Apollo Mission (BP-6) composite S64-01493 image text Artists concept of prototype of Apollo Space suit S64-18630 image text Astronaut Allen Shepard examines rock specimens during field trip S64-18642 image text Astronaut Gordon Cooper walks up path filled with cactus during field trip S64-18649 image text Astronaut Eugene Cernan chips at rock sample during field trip S64-21413 image text NASA geologist Elbert King on geological field trip to West Texas S64-21433 image text Astronauts Stafford and White on geological field trip to West Texas S64-21568 image ...
The 2006 announcement was probably triggered by the October 2005 success of the second Chinese spaceflight with astronauts. But India was not ready to go it alone. During the Russian President Dmitry Medvedevs visit to India in December 2008, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed that would put another Indian in space using Russian spacecraft in 2013, followed by another in 2015 aboard an Indian launcher. That MoU agreement was abandoned in 2010. In December 2013, following a series of statements in the media about Indias manned mission to the Moon, ISRO issued its own statement emphatically asserting that it had no plans for human moon mission. However, ISRO has been working quietly in the background on the development of an astronaut training program and an astronaut crew vehicle. Since March 2009, ISRO has had a MoU with the Indian Air Forces Institute of Aerospace Medicine (IAM) to conduct basic research on human physiological and psychological requirements for human spaceflight ...
But if people are really concerned about safety then why would they want to send humans on spacecraft designed by amateur rocket makers like Space X?". If youre going to spread lies, at least try not to be a stupid liar. Any idiot can go to the SpaceX website and read the extensive professional backgrounds of any number of SpaceX managers, which include former astronauts, engineers with decades of experience at major aerospace firms, military launch vehicle managers, foreign experts, and patent holders. Heres a few:. "KEN BOWERSOX - VICE PRESIDENT OF ASTRONAUT SAFETY AND MISSION ASSURANCE. Selected to the astronaut corps in 1987, Bowersox has flown five times on NASAs Space Shuttle, serving as pilot, commander and mission specialist, and once on a Russian Soyuz. Bowersox has logged over 211 days in space, including five and a half months aboard the International Space Station (ISS), where he was the mission commander of the 6th expedition.. Bowersox also served as the director of the Johnson ...
Among the things Malaysias first astronaut will be worrying about next month: how does an observant Muslim pray toward Mecca while soaring hundreds of miles (kilometers) above the Earth?
So should the astronauts spend a little more time cleaning? Doing a little vacuuming? A bit of dusting and polishing?. Well, they probably do that anyway. Their air is filtered and there are few reports of infections afflicting the crew. Despite the headlines that conjure up a picture of a soup of bacteria filling the ISS, infection among the crew is relatively rare.. A comparison over a three-year period showed that a high proportion of medical events were physical problems. Space adaptation syndrome and nervous system problems accounted for 50% of all the medical events with infectious disease accounting for only 1.4% of such issues.. Astronauts further reduce the possibility of infection through periods of quarantine prior to their mission. NASA is rightly concerned that infections could be transmitted to all in such a closed environment.. This NASA study is an important piece of research because it relates to understanding the factors that ensure the disease-free status and well-being of ...
The International Space Station is once again providing a platform to test the growth of cabbage and lettuce for future human consumption in space. Aside from todays botany set up, the Expedition 53 crew also explored how living in space affects the human physiology.. NASA astronaut Joe Acaba began setting up hardware for the Veggie-3 experiment Tuesday morning to grow a variety of lettuce and cabbage. Scientists are studying how plants grow in space to learn how to sustain future crews as NASA plans longer missions farther out in space.. Acaba also joined European Space Agency astronaut Paolo Nespoli collecting blood and urine samples for a pair of biomedical experiments. The long-running Biochemical Profile and Repository studies are documenting the various changes the human body experiences during a long-term space mission.. Commander Randy Bresnik continued gathering spacewalk equipment with Flight Engineer Mark Vande Hei ahead of an Oct. 5 spacewalk. The pair also checked out their ...
[UPDATE (May 11 at 15:45 UTC): Two astronauts performed an EVA this morning to swap out the ammonia pump suspected of causing the leak. After a successful swap with a spare unit, no more leaking of ammonia snowflakes has been seen, so for now it looks like the problem has been fixed! As I write this they are cleaning up and preparing to go back inside the space station, where they will keep a close eye on the pump and the coolant system to make sure eveything is working as it should.
We should start thinking about what kinds of clothes astronauts will need for decades-long space missions, a University of Rhode Island professor has said.
Credit: NASA) NASA astronauts and engineers are refining plans for two spacewalks by astronauts Douglas Wheelock and Tracy Caldwell Dyson to replace a large ammonia pump module that shut down Saturday, knocking out one of the International Space Stations two cooling loops.. The astronauts hope to carry out the first spacewalk Friday morning, starting at 6:55 a.m. EDT, and a second excursion Monday to finish the job, one of the so-called big 14 on a list of critical components that require spacewalk repair if problems crop up. NASA managers initially targeted Thursday for the first spacewalk and Sunday for the second, but decided late Monday they needed more time to review procedures. This is an anomaly we knew someday would happen, said space station Program Manager Mike Suffredini. Its an anomaly we have trained for; its an anomaly we have planned for. With four spare pump modules on board the station, were in a good position to go solve this problem, he said. It is a significant ...
Explanation: This dream-like image of Mir was recorded by astronauts as the Space Shuttle Atlantis approached the Russian space station prior to docking during the STS-76 mission. Sporting spindly appendages and solar panels, Mir resembles a whimsical flying insect hovering about 350 kilometers above New Zealands South Island and the city of Nelson, near Cook Strait. In late March 1996, Atlantis shuttled astronaut Shannon W. Lucid to Mir for a five month visit, increasing Mirs occupancy from 2 to 3. It returned to pick Lucid up and drop off astronaut John Blaha during the STS-79 mission in August of that year. Since becoming operational in 1986, Mir has been visited by over 100 spacefarers from the nations of planet Earth including, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Germany, France, Japan, Austria, Kazakhstan and Slovakia. After joint Shuttle-Mir training missions in support of the International Space Station, continuous occupation of Mir ended in August 1999. Mir is still in orbit and ...
For a while there, Gayle, the question wasnt how women would menstruate in space but whether it was too risky to find out.. Although the first female cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova, had flown in Vostok 6 in 1963, women were excluded from the U.S. space program during its early years. The official reason for this was that, as a matter of policy, U.S. astronauts were drawn from the ranks of military test pilots, and all the test pilots were men. If you ask me, though, the real reason was American male panic about women and their mysterious inner workings. Several plane crashes in the 1930s had involved menstruating female pilots, and experts - male experts, of course - suggested that putting a woman with "menstrual disturbances" in the cockpit was an invitation to disaster. Eventually the more hysterical fears receded, but some space medics still harbored serious concerns about menstruation when NASA began planning to put women in space in the 1970s.. From a certain point of view, I suppose, ...
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - NASA is teaming up with the European Space Agency to get astronauts beyond Earths orbit.. Europe will provide the propulsion and power compartment for NASAs new Orion crew capsule, officials said Wednesday. This so-called service module will be based on Europes supply ship used for the International Space Station.. Orions first trip is an unmanned mission in 2017. Any extra European parts will be incorporated in the first manned mission of Orion in 2021.. NASAs human exploration chief, Bill Gerstenmaier, said both missions will be aimed at the vicinity of the moon. The exact details are being worked out; lunar fly-bys, rather than landings, are planned.. NASA wants to ultimately use the bell-shaped Orion spacecraft to carry astronauts to asteroids and Mars. International cooperation will be crucial for such endeavors, Gerstenmaier told reporters.. The United States has yet to establish a clear path forward for astronauts, 1 1/2 years after NASAs space shuttles ...
The human microbiome and microbes in space are two of the sexiest topics in microbiology today. Together they have attracted the attention of the J. Craig Venter Institute. Hernan Lorenzi is leading a team to study how the composition of the human microbiome changes during long term space exploration. They will be analyzing the microbiome of stool and various body site samples provided by 9 astronauts before, during and after their time (6 months) on the International Space Station. They will study their immune function via blood and saliva samples with additional metadata on their general health and environment. An article in the New Scientist discusses the importance of studying the impact of long flights on the health and microbiomes of astronauts in preparation for 2015 when two astronauts are scheduled for a year long stay on the ISS.. ...
The Expedition 59 crew has a light duty day today with some science work on the schedule. Meanwhile, robotics controllers are preparing to swap external payloads in the unpressurized trunk of the SpaceX Dragon cargo craft.. NASA Flight Engineer Christina Koch checked samples today as she continued exploring why pathogens become more virulent in space. Later, she set up hardware for the Kidney Cells experiment that seeks innovative treatments for humans on Earth and in space.. Astronaut Nick Hague of NASA retrieved sample trays from a materials exposure experiment brought back inside the Kibo lab module. Fellow NASA astronaut Anne McClain checked on mice being observed for changes to their immune systems in microgravity.. Two new experiments are ready for robotic extraction from the SpaceX Dragon and installation on the International Space Station starting Thursday night and into the weekend. An older experiment will be removed from the station and placed back in Dragon.. The remotely controlled ...
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. â€" A navigation error forced SpaceX to delay its shipment to the International Space Station on Wednesday, following an otherwise flawless flight from NASAs historic moon pad.. SpaceXs supply ship, the Dragon, was less than a mile from the orbiting outpost when a problem cropped up in the GPS system. The approach was aborted, and the Dragon backed away. NASA said neither the station nor its six-person crew was in any danger.. Just a few hours earlier, Russia successfully launched a cargo ship from Kazakhstan, its first since a failed launch in December.. SpaceX launched the Dragon capsule Sunday from Kennedy Space Centers Launch Complex 39A, out of action since NASAs space shuttle program ended in 2011. Its the same spot where astronauts flew to the moon in the late 1960s and early 1970s. SpaceX has a 20-year lease with NASA for 39A; besides launching station cargo from there, the company hopes to send up astronauts as early as next year.. Everything was going well ...
Three crew members who have been living and working aboard the International Space Station returned to Earth on Thursday, landing in Kazakhstan after opening a new chapter in the scientific capability of humanitys premier microgravity laboratory.
WASHINGTON -- President Barack Obama ended a months-long fight over NASA relics this week when he signed into law a bill that confers full ownership of early NASA artifacts to the astronauts that
Space anthropologist Jack Stuster has interviewed and observed astronauts for decades. Hes also worked with NASA to improve the human experience of space exploration.
Protecting astronauts from cosmic radiation is one of the key challenges facing future missions to Mars, and Nasa believes it may have a solution.
By Seth Borenstein There is no evidence astronauts were drunk or had been drinking heavily before launching into space, an internal NASA investigation
HealthDay News) -- Once astronauts leave the Earths protective magnetic field, their cancer risk would soar while traveling to Mars, new research indicates.. Scientists said radiation exposure during a long-term deep-space mission would not only affect already damaged cells but also healthy ones nearby, doubling cancer risk.. Cosmic rays cause significant cell damage due from exposure to radiation, protons and heavy ions, the authors explained. Previous research has shown the health risks of deep space travel include cancer, cataracts, acute radiation syndromes, and problems with circulation and the central nervous system.. Typical risk models, including those used by NASA, assume radiation cancers are caused by DNA damage and mutations. These models, however, are based on much shorter times than a Mars mission would require, researchers noted.. Exploring Mars will require missions of 900 days or longer and includes more than one year in deep space where exposures to all energies of galactic ...
The James F. Buchli :: NASA Astronauts page for the https://www.usna.edu/Notables Site on the USNA Website. This page was last updated on Mar 28, 2017 3:24:55 PM.
NASA astronaut Mark Kelly has a lot on his mind. The commander of the space shuttle Endeavour is engaged in a busy day in orbit while knowing his wife, Rep. Gab
Students at Wickliffe Progressive Community School in Upper Arlington, Ohio, will speak with Expedition 32 flight engineer Suni Williams aboard the International Space Station at 11:05 a.m. EDT, Tuesday, Aug. 28.
Space junk littered around Earth is a constant threat to astronauts, but a mostly invisible one to the space shuttle Discovery crew.
A rocket at the centre of Nasas plans to return to the moon is so "dangerously flawed" it could kill its crew, agency engineers have claimed.. Concerns over the safety of the Ares craft prompted one engineer to resign, complaining of "catastrophic-level risks".. The space agency has admitted that in certain conditions Ares could blast off into its own launch tower, and that other potential problems include the rocket vibrating so much that its astronauts could die before they reach orbit.. (Article continues below). ...
jamie passes along a report about research from MITs Man-Vehicle Laboratory into using superhero-style skinsuits to combat the effects of extended stays in microgravity on bone density in astronauts. (Abstract.) Quoting: Astronauts lose 1 to 2 percent of their bone mass for each month they spend...
DALLAS -- The lack of gravity astronauts encounter during spaceflight makes returning to the force of Earths gravity a little disorienting. And when they return to Earth, they faint.
Sally Ride, the woman who became an inspiration to millions when she blasted off as Americas first female astronaut in 1983, passed away Monday in California after a battle with pancreatic cancer. She was 61.. Rides company, Sally Ride Science, announced her death Monday afternoon via its official website. She had been battling cancer for 17 months.. Born in Encino, Calif., on May 26, 1951, Ride was already an accomplished academic when she joined NASA as an astronaut candidate in 1978. She earned both a bachelor of science in physics and a bachelor of arts in English from Stanford University in 1973, then went on to earn both a masters degree and a doctorate in physics from Stanford in 1975 and 1978, respectively. By August 1979 she had completed NASAs one-year astronaut training program, and she served in mission control as a capsule communicator (CAPCOM) for the second and third space shuttle missions in 1981 and 82. Then, in June of 1983, she blasted off onboard the space shuttle ...
Scott Smith, a nutritionist at NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston, knows exactly what hed like to bring back from space -- astronauts urine.
Americas astronauts, shaken by the Challenger accident and angered by its causes, have emerged from the very bottom of a deep, dark pit with a stronger voice and a renewed sense of purpose.In a
NASA On April 9, 1959, NASA introduced its first astronaut class, the Mercury 7. Front row, left to right: Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Donald K. Deke Slayton,
WASHINGTON, DC - Recent research aboard the space shuttle is giving scientists a better understanding of how infectious disease occurs in space and could someday improve astronaut health and provide novel treatments for people on Earth.. "With our space-based research efforts, including the International Space Station, we are not only continuing our human presence in space, but we are engaged in science that can make a real difference in peoples lives here on Earth," said NASA Administrator Charles Bolden. "NASAs leadership in human spaceflight allows us to conduct innovative and ground-breaking science that reveals the unknown and unlocks the mysteries of how disease-causing agents work.". The research involves an opportunistic pathogen known as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the same bacterium that caused astronaut Fred Haise to become sick during the Apollo 13 mission to the moon in 1970.. Scientists studying the bacterium aboard the shuttle hope to unlock the mysteries of how disease-causing ...
An ABC News report claimed opera singer Sarah Brightman outbid NASA for a seat aboard a Soyuz rocket -- and an astronaut was consequently bumped from the ride. Nonsense, the space agency said.
New findings from a study of 12 astronauts show the heart becomes more spherical when exposed to long periods of microgravity in space, a change that could lead to cardiac problems, according to research to be presented at the American College of Cardiologys 63rd Annual Scientific Session.
2013-07-23 - Jeremy Hansen via Twitter on July 23 - Expedition drawing to close. Will try & take a few moments to take in grandeur of this isolated place on earth.From July 16 to 25, 2013, Canadian Space Agency Astronaut Jeremy Hansen is in the High Arctic to learn methods and techniques for conducting geological fieldwork that could be applied during future missions to the Moon or an asteroid. Hansen is accompanying Western Universitys Dr. Osinski and his team from the Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration as they study the Haughton impact crater on Devon Island, Nunavut.
53-year-old astronaut Scott Kelly shared a dramatic excerpt from his new book Endurance: A Year in Space, A Lifetime of Discovery in the Brisbane Times, describing his first 48 hours back on earth and what hed learned on the mission: I push back from the table and struggle to stand up, feeling lik...
Ever wanted to feel like a real astronaut? Jeff Bezos wants to give you a chance. His Blue Origin company unveiled the first ever images of its capsule designed to take tourists on a trip into space. The sneak peek included illustrations of the sleek white New Shepard Capsule complete with black leather seats and large windows that will look out on Earth.
COMMENTS: Since its such a spaced-out movie, its appropriate that The American Astronauts most memorable scene is a rambling monologue where an aging emcee (played by Broadway veteran Tom Aldredge) struggles awkwardly to deliver a long joke, with multiple mis-emphasized punch lines. Hes the warmup act for the dance contest, the improbable social event of the season among the all-male clientele of pirates, smugglers and thugs for hire who frequent the Ceres Crossroads, an asteroid-based saloon. After a couple of warmup jokes that meet with stony silence from the audience, the comic launches into the tale of one Mr. Stevenson, who was fond of asking people he met through his long and eventful life if they would like a "hertz doughnut." The bar full of rogues and ruffians laugh at all the wrong places, giggling through the set-ups and remaining quiet during the actual punch lines, as the shaggy-dog gag grinds on and on, ending with the comedian confessing "Ive never understood this joke" ...
In 1993, during the second German D2 Spacelab Mission, astronaut Hans Schlegel orbited Earth 160 times and conducting numerous international experiments as payload specialist. This was Schlegels first flight into space.
This weekend ESA astronaut Paolo Nespoli will say farewell to three of his crewmates who will leave the International Space Station back for Earth.. Fyodor is the current commander of the Space Station so he will hand over duties to NASA astronaut Randy Bresnik on Friday 1 September at 20:30 CEST in a formal ceremony that will be broadcast live via NASA television. This ceremony will mark the end of Expedition 52.. The flight home for the trio will leave late at night European time with Peggy, Fyodor and Jack saying goodbye at 20:00 CEST and closing the hatch between Soyuz MS-04 and the Space Station at around 20:40 CEST.. The spacecraft is scheduled to undock around midnight CEST with landing at 3:22 CEST on Sunday morning. These events can be followed live via NASA television below by clicking play at the right time:. ...
Astronauts making the seven-month trip to Mars face an increased risk of going deaf and suffering balance problems, according to the findings of a new study
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Scientific research on the International Space Station is a collection of experiments that require one or more of the unusual conditions present in low Earth orbit. The primary fields of research include human research, space medicine, life sciences, physical sciences, astronomy and meteorology. The 2005 NASA Authorization Act designated the American segment of the International Space Station as a national laboratory with the goal of increasing the use of the ISS by other federal agencies and the private sector. Research on the ISS improves knowledge about the effects of long-term space exposure on the human body. Subjects currently under study include muscle atrophy, bone loss, and fluid shift. The data will be used to determine whether space colonisation and lengthy human spaceflight are feasible. As of 2006, data on bone loss and muscular atrophy suggest that there would be a significant risk of fractures and movement problems if astronauts landed on a planet after a lengthy interplanetary ...
MOSCOW: A Russian Soyuz spacecraft carrying Italys first female astronaut has safely docked with the International Space Station, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said on Monday. Samantha Cristoforetti, along with Russian cosmonaut Anton Shkaplerov and American astronaut Terry Virts, arrived at the orbiting space lab on the Soyuz TMA-15M spacecraft at 2:49 a.m. on Monday, NASA said. "A new vehicle has arrived. The Soyuz is confirmed as attached properly," high above the Pacific Ocean, NASA television added. Cristoforetti, Virts and Shkaplerov docked just under six hours after taking off from Russias Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. They are to stay at the space station until May 2015.. AFP. ...
Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures in Burbank, Calif., will make it possible for WALL-E, the name of its animated robotic hero and summer 2008 movie, to appear in online content inviting students to participate in the naming contest. The online WALL-E content will provide young viewers with a current connection to the human-robotic partnership that is transforming discovery and exploration. The contest coincides with Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainments release of WALL-E on DVD and Blu-ray. The naming contest partnership is part of a Space Act Agreement between NASA and Disney designed to use the appeal of WALL-E in educational and public outreach efforts ...
Data collected during two close flybys of Saturns moon Enceladus by NASAs Cassini spacecraft add more fuel to the fire about the Saturnian ice world containing sub-surface liquid water. The data collected by Cassinis Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer during Enceladus flybys in July and Oct. 2008, were released in the July 23 issue of the journal Nature. "When Cassini flew through the plume erupting from Enceladus on October 8 of last year, our spectrometer was able to sniff out many complex chemicals, including organic ones, in the vapor and icy particles," said Hunter Waite, the Cassini Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer Lead Scientist from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas. "One of the chemicals definitively identified was ammonia ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Specific exercise training for reducing neck and shoulder pain among military helicopter pilots and crew members. T2 - a randomized controlled trial protocol. AU - Murray, Mike. AU - Lange, Britt. AU - Nørnberg, Bo Riebeling. AU - Søgaard, Karen. AU - Sjøgaard, Gisela. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - BACKGROUND: Flight-related neck/shoulder pain is frequent among military helicopter pilots and crew members. With a lifetime prevalence of 81 % for pilots and 84 % for crew members, the prevalence of neck pain is considered high compared to the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a specifically tailored exercise intervention would reduce the prevalence and incidence rate of neck/shoulder pain among helicopter pilots and crew members.METHOD: This study used a prospective, parallel group, single blinded, randomized controlled design. Participants were military helicopter pilots and crew members recruited from the Royal Danish Air Force. Inclusion criteria ...
Seedlings of Arabidopsis α-tubulin 6 mutant (tua6) were cultivated under microgravity conditions in the European Modular Cultivation System on the International Space Station, and growth and cell wall properties of their hypocotyls were analyzed (the Resist Wall experiment). Seeds of tua6 mutant were shown to germinate and grow normally until the seedling stage under microgravity conditions, as at 1 G on the ground. The seedlings were naturally air-dried in orbit, which were then recovered and transported to earth. When the mechanical properties of the cell wall of rehydrated hypocotyls were examined with a tensile tester, the hypocotyls showed typical stress-strain and stress-relaxation curves, as normally fixed or frozen materials. Also, no prominent differences were detected in the extensibility or the stress-relaxation parameters of the cell wall between space-grown hypocotyls and ground controls, suggesting that tua6 hypocotyls formed the regular cell wall architecture under microgravity ...
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Palo Alto, Calif. (SSL PR) - Space Systems Loral (SSL), a leading provider of innovative satellites and spacecraft systems, today announced that it will provide a spacecraft platform for a NASA Discovery Mission to explore the metallic asteroid 16 Psyche. SSL will work for NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to support Principal Investigator Dr. Lindy Elkins-Tanton, director of Arizona State Universitys (ASU) School of Earth and Space Exploration, in a mission to research the 210 km diameter asteroid, which is believed to be the only place in the solar system where a metal planetary core can be studied. As the industrial partner, SSL will provide the "power-propulsion chassis," a highly capable composite structure spacecraft platform equipped with a high-power solar electric propulsion (SEP) system.. The NASA Discovery Program goal is to deepen the knowledge of our solar system by launching modest cost-capped missions on a routine cadence. Scheduled to launch in the 2020s, the Psyche mission ...
Proton radiation will be delivered daily Monday through Friday for 5 weeks. Study therapy will be give as an outpatient at the Francis H. Burr Proton Center at Massachusetts General Hospital.. During the weeks that subjects receive radiation, they will also receive 2 cycles of chemotherapy. Each cycle will last 28 days.. Cisplatin will be give as an IV infusion over 30-60 minutes or 1-2 hours on Days 1 and 8 of Cycles 1 and 2.. Etoposide will be given as an IV infusion over 60 minutes on Days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 of Cycles 1 and 2.. After radiation and 2 cycles of chemotherapy are completed, subjects may have surgery to remove their tumor.. Following surgery, subjects may receive another 2 cycles of chemotherapy (Cycles 3 and 4). Each cycles lasts 21 days. Cisplatin is given on Day 1. Etoposide is given on Days 1, 2, and 3. ...

astronaut - Definition of astronaut by Webster Dictionaryastronaut - Definition of astronaut by Webster Dictionary

Definition of astronaut and synonyms of astronaut are presented by online Websters Dictionary. Includes dictionary browser, ... morphological search by meaning of astronaut, thesaurus, related words, and dictionary browser. Provides astronaut usage ... astronaut Definition of astronaut. as´tro`naut. adj.. 1.. a person trained to travel in a spacecraft; one who travels in a ... astronaut-. astronautic. astronautical. astronautics. astronavigation. Astronomer. Astronomian. Astronomic. Astronomical. ...
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AANS Neurosurgeon Astronauts Brains Change Shape During Spaceflight - AANS NeurosurgeonAANS Neurosurgeon Astronauts' Brains Change Shape During Spaceflight - AANS Neurosurgeon

Seidler and colleagues examined structural MRIs in 12 astronauts who spent two weeks as shuttle crew members, and 14 who spent ... The study, believed to be the first to examine structural changes that take place in astronauts brains during spaceflight, ... MRIs before and after space missions reveal that astronauts brains compress and expand during spaceflight, according to a ... with more pronounced changes the longer the astronauts spent in space. "We found large regions of gray matter volume decreases ...
more infohttp://aansneurosurgeon.org/astronauts-brains-change-shape-spaceflight/

Space Suit Parts Including the Protective Gloves for the Apollo Spacesuit and Moon Boot DesignsSpace Suit Parts Including the Protective Gloves for the Apollo Spacesuit and Moon Boot Designs

The space suit parts designed by NASA during the Apollo mission have influenced the way astronauts function even to this day. ... This allowed the astronauts to feel some sort of sensitivity when touching equipment and picking up moon rock. The Apollo ... In addition to having to work in microgravity, the suits for Apollo needed to be able to allow the astronauts to bend at the ... Each astronaut was fitted with pressure boots covered with lunar boots. The pressure boots were similar to the protective ...
more infohttp://www.brighthub.com/science/space/articles/66200.aspx

STS082-720-023 - STS-082 - EVA 3 activity on Flight Day 6 to service the Hubble Space Telescope · Digital Public Library of...STS082-720-023 - STS-082 - EVA 3 activity on Flight Day 6 to service the Hubble Space Telescope · Digital Public Library of...

Subject Terms: STS-82, DISCOVERY (ORBITER), ASTRONAUTS, PAYLOAD BAY, EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY, HUBBLE SPA... more ... Subject Terms: STS-82, DISCOVERY (ORBITER), ASTRONAUTS, PAYLOAD BAY, EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY, HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE, SERVICE, ... suited astronaut Mark Lee translates down from telescope to Translation Aid (TA) blue-handle in the payload bay. ... suited astronaut Mark Lee translates down from telescope to Translation Aid (TA) blue-handle in the payload bay. ...
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Drunk AstronautsDrunk Astronauts

As every day passes, and Muellers Russia probe inches closer and closer to president Trump, the prospect of firing Robert Mueller, Attorney General Jeff Sessions ...
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Astronauts Repair International Space StationAstronauts Repair International Space Station

NASA astronauts embark on second spacewalk to repair a vital cooling unit on the International Space Station. Video courtesy of ... Astronauts Repair International Space Station. NASA astronauts embark on second spacewalk to repair a vital cooling unit on the ... us astronaut to embark on a second spacewalk Wednesday ... in an effort to repair a final cooling unit on the International ... NASA says that three Russian cosmonauts and three NASA astronauts aboard the station ... are not had any risk ... DeVore later ...
more infohttps://www.wsj.com/video/astronauts-repair-international-space-station/5F414150-4474-461B-A827-F38F0163345B.html

NASA to astronauts: Eat sh!tNASA to astronauts: Eat sh!t

The idea is to take nutrients out of waste substances (the … ,a href=https://www.fastcompany.com/40523653/nasa-to-astronauts- ... If successful, this process could one day become a sustainable alternative to the current practice of dumping astronauts space ...
more infohttps://www.fastcompany.com/40523653/nasa-to-astronauts-eat-sht

Astronauts / Human Spaceflight / Our Activities / ESAAstronauts / Human Spaceflight / Our Activities / ESA

... the European Astronaut Centre, its training programme, and how to become an astronaut. ... Features the latest news regarding ESAs astronauts, ... Astronaut training. * How to become an astronaut. * The ...
more infohttp://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Astronauts/

Terrestrial astronauts for 60...'Terrestrial astronauts' for 60...

Currently, astronauts on board the International Space Station (ISS) have to exercise for over two hours a day to minimise the ... Lucas Braunschmidt is one of the 12 terrestrial astronauts selected - he is in good health, approximately the right age for ... terrestrial astronauts." Half of the test subjects will undergo reactive jump training several times a week, which involves ... an astronaut and interested in medical matters. During the 60 days and nights that he will be confined to bed, the bone density ...
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Shuttle Astronauts Space WalkShuttle Astronauts Space Walk

2007-Discovery shuttle astronauts begin the difficult job of attaching an Italian-made module to the International Space ... Shuttle Astronauts Space Walk. October 26, 2007-Discovery shuttle astronauts begin the difficult job of attaching an Italian- ... Shuttle Astronauts Space Walk. October 26, 2007-Discovery shuttle astronauts begin the difficult job of attaching an Italian- ... October 26, 2007-Discovery shuttle astronauts begin the difficult job of attaching an Italian-made module to the International ...
more infohttps://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/news/00000144-0a22-d3cb-a96c-7b2fc2310000

NASA - RENAL STONE RISK TO ASTRONAUTSNASA - RENAL STONE RISK TO ASTRONAUTS

... students will utilize their knowledge of biology and the human body to examine the issue of renal stone formation in astronauts ... Renal Stone Risk to Astronauts Educator Edition (PDF 293 KB). › Renal Stone Risk to Astronauts Student Edition (PDF 222 KB) ... Because astronauts are at risk to an increase in bone demineralization when exposed to reduced gravity, this also increases the ... If the medicine were to be effective it could mean that astronauts could spend more time on science by saving some of the time ...
more infohttps://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/mathandscience/research/Prob_RenalStoneRisk_detail.html

Occupation: AstronautOccupation: Astronaut

Astronaut. 10-May-1958. First hispanic female astronaut. Scott E. Parazynski. Astronaut. 28-Jul-1961. Shuttle astronaut, ... Astronaut. 14-Nov-1933. Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 13. Bernard A. Harris, Jr.. Astronaut. 26-Jun-1956. First black astronaut ... Astronaut. 15-Mar-1932. Apollo 12, Skylab Mission II astronaut. Charles F. Bolden, Jr.. Astronaut. 19-Aug-1946. Four-time ... Astronaut. 10-Jun-1929. Commander, Gemini 4 and Apollo 9. Michael Melvill. Astronaut. 11-Nov-1941. First private astronaut in ...
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Astronauts make, fling, eat pizzas in spaceAstronauts make, fling, eat pizzas in space

Astronauts at the International Space Station posted a video over the weekend of their small, made-from-scratch pizza pies. The ...
more infohttps://www.usatoday.com/videos/news/nation/2017/12/04/astronauts-make-fling-eat-pizzas-space/108312558/

Astronauts Busy With Robotics, Spacewalk Prep - RedorbitAstronauts Busy With Robotics, Spacewalk Prep - Redorbit

After a day of rest, the 13 astronauts and cosmonauts on the International Space Station will shift back into high gear for ... The excerpt was uplinked for Canadian Space Agency astronaut Julie Payette at 3:03 a.m. CDT. ...
more infohttp://www.redorbit.com/news/space/1726739/astronauts_busy_with_robotics_spacewalk_prep/

United States Astronaut Badge - WikipediaUnited States Astronaut Badge - Wikipedia

NASA astronaut pins[edit]. In addition to the astronaut badge, which is worn on a military uniform, an astronaut pin is also ... MILPERSMAN 1210-020, Naval Astronaut Designation PDF *^ a b c NASA (November 29, 2007). "Astronaut". World Book at NASA. NASA. ... U.S. Army astronauts[edit]. The gold astronaut device is issued by the U.S. Army to Army aviators, flight surgeons, and aircrew ... "Astronaut applications available for May board". Retrieved October 24, 2017.. *^ Guha, Amita. "NASA Accepting Astronaut ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Astronaut_pin

Huge Solar Eruption Actually Made Astronauts SaferHuge Solar Eruption Actually Made Astronauts Safer

... the huge solar eruption on Valentines Day didnt send astronauts aboard the International Space Station scurrying for cover. ... So as long as astronauts stay inside, they should be fine.. Any region on the space station is pretty heavily shielded, ... Huge Solar Eruption Actually Made Astronauts Safer. By Mike Wall, Space.com Senior Writer , February 18, 2011 07:43pm ET. ... Such proton storms could be fatal to an astronaut caught out in one - while walking on the surface of the moon, for instance ...
more infohttps://www.space.com/10904-solar-storm-astronauts-health-space-station.html

Possible Mars Mission Showstopper: Vision Risks for AstronautsPossible Mars Mission 'Showstopper': Vision Risks for Astronauts

... scientists have begun realizing that spaceflight can cause serious and perhaps permanent vision problems in astronauts. NASA ... Speculating on how to prevent or mitigate astronauts vision problems may thus be a bit premature at this point. But if the ... "This has really got our attention," he said, "because when you start talking about affecting the vision of astronauts, who are ... A yearlong mission to the space station involving one NASA astronaut and one cosmonaut, which is scheduled to blast off next ...
more infohttps://www.yahoo.com/news/possible-mars-mission-showstopper-vision-risks-astronauts-105551947.html

NASA astronauts to drink their own urine  - TelegraphNASA astronauts to drink their own urine - Telegraph

As NASA prepared to double the number of astronauts living aboard the International Space Station, nothing did more for crew ... NASA astronauts to drink their own urine As NASA prepared to double the number of astronauts living aboard the International ... If the shuttle lifts off on time, it would arrive at the space station on Sunday so astronauts could begin 11 to 12 days of ... Its a lot more convenient and a lot more efficient," said Endeavour astronaut Sandra Magnus, who will take over as a space ...
more infohttps://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/3461488/NASA-astronauts-to-drink-their-own-urine.html

Occupational Duties of Astronauts | HubPagesOccupational Duties of Astronauts | HubPages

Astronauts explore uncharted territory and so something new everyday. The fun derives from floating in weightlessness and ... Pilot astronauts guide spacecraft to their destinations, such as to Earth orbit, and back down to a landing. They can become ... Astronauts must be between 62 and 75 inches tall, visual acuity correctable to 20/20 in each eye and blood pressure that is ... Astronaut candidates need at least a bachelors degree in engineering, science or math. They also require at least three years ...
more infohttps://hubpages.com/business/Occupational-Duties-of-Astronauts

Clipart - Astronaut DreamsClipart - Astronaut Dreams

Astronaut Dreams. By. j4p4n. Created. 2017-02-10. Description. We all dream, especially when we were kids, sometimes as we get ... astronaut , boy , child , cosmonaut , dream , future , job , kid , male , occupation , rocket , Semi-Realistic People , space ...
more infohttps://openclipart.org/detail/272489/astronaut-dreams

Astronaut Suffered Mental AnguishAstronaut Suffered 'Mental Anguish'

Friends of charged astronaut Lisa Nowak say the pressures of being a wife, mother, and astronaut caused her significant mental ... Astronaut Suffered Mental Anguish. By Rasha Madkour and David Crary, Associated Press , February 8, 2007 12:17pm ET. ... "They have to balance two careers -- to be a mom and wife and an astronaut. ... You dont come home at night, like most of the ... "There is a lot of marital stress in the astronaut corps in general -- a huge amount, Clark said. "Its not unheard of for ...
more infohttps://www.space.com/3437-astronaut-suffered-mental-anguish.html

NEEMO / Astronauts / Human Spaceflight / Our Activities / ESANEEMO / Astronauts / Human Spaceflight / Our Activities / ESA

This year, NASA has two NEEMO missions planned with three ESA astronauts and a trainer taking part. ... NEEMO - NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations - trains astronauts for life in space. Living and working in an underwater ... Underwater astronaut on the Moon11 September 2013 ESA astronaut Jean-François Clervoy and ESA astronaut instructor Hervé ... ESA astronaut Andreas Mogensen is joined by Canadian astronaut Jeremy Hansen and ESA astronaut trainer and spacewalk instructor ...
more infohttp://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Astronauts/NEEMO

Superhero suit to strengthen astronauts bones | New ScientistSuperhero suit to strengthen astronauts' bones | New Scientist

A skin-tight suit that compresses the body in the same way its own weight does on Earth could help future astronauts stave off ... it should also help astronauts in space. Lack of gravity has been found to cause astronauts spines to stretch by as much as 7 ... Even with regular exercise, an astronaut can lose 1.5 per cent of the mass of some bones in the hips and lower back in just one ... But if it works as planned it could offer orbiting astronauts a replacement for something they are sorely missing: ...
more infohttps://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20827843-700-superhero-suit-to-strengthen-astronauts-bones/

Astronauts grow first zinnia flower in space - CNNAstronauts grow first zinnia flower in space - CNN

Astronauts aboard the International Space Station have successfully grown zinnia flowers in microgravity. But is this the first ... U.S. astronaut Scott Kelly tweeted a photo of one of the orange flowers, writing: "First ever flower grown in space makes its ... In 2012, astronaut Don Pettit successfully grew a zucchini, sunflower and broccoli out of zip-lock plastic bags on the ISS as ... "I hope to see Veggies success as the first step in food production that will allow astronauts on the space station to enjoy ...
more infohttp://www.cnn.com/2016/01/18/world/first-space-flower-iss/index.html

Hibernating astronauts would need smaller spacecraftHibernating astronauts would need smaller spacecraft

... phys.org ^ , November 18, 2019 , European Space Agency Posted on 11/18/ ... If we were able to reduce an astronauts basic metabolic rate by 75% similar to what we can observe in nature with large ... Like hibernating animals, the astronauts would be expected to acquire extra body fat in advance of torpor. Their soft-shell ... And the basic idea of putting astronauts into long-duration hibernation is actually not so crazy: a broadly comparable method ...
more infohttps://freerepublic.com/focus/chat/3794776/posts?page=86
  • A variation of the astronaut badge is also issued to civilians who are employed with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as specialists on spaceflight missions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recently, scientists have begun realizing that spaceflight can cause serious and perhaps permanent vision problems in astronauts . (yahoo.com)
  • But while the most intense solar storms can put astronauts at risk, the space station's shielding and Earth's magnetic field generally protect against such events pretty well, experts said. (space.com)
  • Astronauts on the ISS will mark the anniversary of the station's construction with a space-walk, but will they also open a bottle of weightless-friendly champagne above the atmosphere? (rt.com)
  • NEEMO's underwater habitat off Florida acts as makeshift a space base for astronauts to make regular 'waterwalks' in full scuba gear. (esa.int)
  • Seatest underwater adventure 30 September 2013 ESA astronauts Andreas Mogensen and Thomas Pesquet returned from Florida last week after taking part in Seatest - NASA's underwater testbed for working in space. (esa.int)
  • For example, without effective countermeasures - i.e., vigorous weight-bearing exercise - astronauts' muscles atrophy and their bones shed calcium, becoming more and more brittle over time. (yahoo.com)
  • In an environment of no gravity, human muscles become atrophied and astronauts need to train themselves on machines,' said Takehiro Tagawa, who developed the far-out footwear. (neatorama.com)
  • Over time, astronauts staying for six months on the station can experience the weakening and loss of bone and atrophying muscles. (cnn.com)
  • If successful, this process could one day become a sustainable alternative to the current practice of dumping astronauts' space dumps into the Earth's atmosphere -where they literally become flaming piles of shit before burning up. (fastcompany.com)
  • Earth's atmosphere attenuates cosmic rays, so astronauts receive a higher radiation dose than folks on the ground do. (space.com)
  • Because astronauts are at risk to an increase in bone demineralization when exposed to reduced gravity, this also increases the risk of developing renal stones. (nasa.gov)
  • Artificial gravity would also help mitigate bone loss and muscle degeneration, reducing the need for exercise and potentially freeing up more time for astronauts to perform scientific experiments or do other work during long space missions, advocates say. (yahoo.com)
  • Lack of gravity has been found to cause astronauts' spines to stretch by as much as 7 centimetres. (newscientist.com)
  • To earn an astronaut badge, a U.S. Air Force or U.S. Navy and Marine Corps officer must complete all required training and participate in a space flight more than 50 miles (80 kilometers) above the Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is a lot of marital stress in the astronaut corps in general -- a huge amount,'' Clark said. (space.com)
  • Not everyone who joins the astronaut corps actually makes it into space - Eberhard Köllner, Renate Brümmer and Heike Walpot remained on the ground as backup astronauts. (dlr.de)
  • Matthias Maurer was appointed by ESA as a member of the astronaut corps, making him the newest German astronaut. (dlr.de)
  • Such 'proton storms' could be fatal to an astronaut caught out in one - while walking on the surface of the moon, for instance. (space.com)
  • The review will look at how astronauts are screened for psychological problems and whether Nowak's dealings with co-workers signaled complications. (space.com)
  • She added that growing plants in space also has psychological benefits for astronauts, particularly in combating feelings of isolation and loneliness. (cnn.com)
  • Even with regular exercise, an astronaut can lose 1.5 per cent of the mass of some bones in the hips and lower back in just one month. (newscientist.com)
  • So while big solar storms can be destructive - disrupting power and communications infrastructure around the world - their massive power can also do some good, creating a protective bubble around astronauts floating hundreds of miles above Earth. (space.com)
  • This has really got our attention," he said, "because when you start talking about affecting the vision of astronauts, who are in high-performing, demanding environments, and those vision changes do not always correct themselves after weeks or months back on Earth, so you might be causing permanent damage - this is really a serious problem for us. (yahoo.com)
  • If the shuttle lifts off on time, it would arrive at the space station on Sunday so astronauts could begin 11 to 12 days of home improvements. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • It's a lot more convenient and a lot more efficient," said Endeavour astronaut Sandra Magnus, who will take over as a space station flight engineer from Greg Chamitoff. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Astronaut Thomas Reiter was also full of enthusiasm once he had completed his extra-vehicular activity: 'Anyone working on a space station is naturally happy to be able to work outside it. (dlr.de)
  • Nowak received a master's degree in aeronautical engineering, flew as a test pilot in the mid-1990s while caring for an infant son, and became a full-fledged astronaut in 1998. (space.com)
  • But those trying to explain the apparent breakdown of Lisa Nowak say the pressure can be even higher for female astronauts, who not only face the same work stresses as their male counterparts but often face high expectations at home. (space.com)
  • HOUSTON (AP) -- Anyone who's read Tom Wolfe's "The Right Stuff'' or seen the movie based on it knows about the mental and emotional stresses astronauts face as they train for space travel. (space.com)
  • Adding to the concern, Shelhamer added, is that researchers don't yet know if VIIP-related problems will level off or intensify for astronauts who spend more than six months off the planet. (yahoo.com)
  • You don't come home at night, like most of the male astronauts, and have everything ready for you. (space.com)
  • So as long as astronauts stay inside, they should be fine. (space.com)
  • And the issues can persist for long periods after astronauts touch down, Shelhamer said. (yahoo.com)
  • And the basic idea of putting astronauts into long-duration hibernation is actually not so crazy: a broadly comparable method has been tested and applied as therapy in critical care trauma patients and those due to undergo major surgeries for more than two decades. (freerepublic.com)
  • Teaching astronauts underground for living in space 13 September 2013 This week sees the start of ESA's next underground training course for astronauts. (esa.int)
  • Speculating on how to prevent or mitigate astronauts' vision problems may thus be a bit premature at this point. (yahoo.com)
  • Astronauts is the solo musical project of the UK songwriter, Dan Carney. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lucas Braunschmidt is one of the 12 'terrestrial astronauts selected' - he is in good health, approximately the right age for an astronaut and interested in medical matters. (dlr.de)