Members of spacecraft crew including those who travel in space, and those in training for space flight. (From Webster, 10th ed; Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)
Travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.
Condition in which no acceleration, whether due to gravity or any other force, can be detected by an observer within a system. It also means the absence of weight or the absence of the force of gravity acting on a body. Microgravity, gravitational force between 0 and 10 -6 g, is included here. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a result of collisions with the atmosphere or spacecraft.
Pressure suits for wear in space or at very low ambient pressures within the atmosphere, designed to permit the wearer to leave the protection of a pressurized cabin. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)
An environment simulating one or more parameters of the space environment, applied in testing space systems or components. Often, a closed chamber is used, capable of approximating the vacuum and normal environments of space. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988) This also includes simulated EXTRAVEHICULAR ACTIVITY studies in atmosphere exposure chambers or water tanks.
That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)
Condition under normal Earth gravity where the force of gravity itself is not actually altered but its influence or effect may be modified and studied. (From ASGSB Bull 1992;5(2):27)
An independent Federal agency established in 1958. It conducts research for the solution of problems of flight within and outside the Earth's atmosphere and develops, constructs, tests, and operates aeronautical and space vehicles. (From U.S. Government Manual, 1993)
Any type of variation in the appearance of energy output of the sun. (NASA Thesaurus, 1994)
Activities by crew members conducted outside the pressurized hull of a spacecraft.
Devices, manned and unmanned, which are designed to be placed into an orbit about the Earth or into a trajectory to another celestial body. (NASA Thesaurus, 1988)
Techniques and routines designed to prevent or reverse unwanted effects of weightlessness experienced during actual and simulated space flight, including physiologic changes related to removal of gravitational loading. Specific measures include creation of artificial gravity, exercise, low-level lower body negative pressure, and use of anti-deconditioning devices. (From Nicogossian, Space Physiology and Medicine, 2d ed, pp294-297)
Digital image data sets, consisting of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.
Rate of energy dissipation along the path of charged particles. In radiobiology and health physics, exposure is measured in kiloelectron volts per micrometer of tissue (keV/micrometer T).
Confinement of an individual to bed for therapeutic or experimental reasons.
Symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion or autonomic overaction which develop while the subject is standing, but are relieved on recumbency. Types of this include NEUROCARDIOGENIC SYNCOPE; POSTURAL ORTHOSTATIC TACHYCARDIA SYNDROME; and neurogenic ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENSION. (From Noseworthy, JH., Neurological Therapeutics Principles and Practice, 2007, p2575-2576)
Determination of the shortest time interval between the injection of a substance in the vein and its arrival at some distant site in sufficient concentration to produce a recognizable end result. It represents approximately the inverse of the average velocity of blood flow between two points.
Condition wherein the force of gravity is greater than or is increased above that on the surface of the earth. This is expressed as being greater than 1 g.
Technique for limiting use, activity, or movement by immobilizing or restraining animal by suspending from hindlimbs or tails. This immobilization is used to simulate some effects of reduced gravity and study weightlessness physiology.
A significant drop in BLOOD PRESSURE after assuming a standing position. Orthostatic hypotension is a finding, and defined as a 20-mm Hg decrease in systolic pressure or a 10-mm Hg decrease in diastolic pressure 3 minutes after the person has risen from supine to standing. Symptoms generally include DIZZINESS, blurred vision, and SYNCOPE.
Posture while lying with the head lower than the rest of the body. Extended time in this position is associated with temporary physiologic disturbances.
Positively-charged atomic nuclei that have been stripped of their electrons. These particles have one or more units of electric charge and a mass exceeding that of the Helium-4 nucleus (alpha particle).

Decreased thin filament density and length in human atrophic soleus muscle fibers after spaceflight. (1/72)

Soleus muscle fibers were examined electron microscopically from pre- and postflight biopsies of four astronauts orbited for 17 days during the Life and Microgravity Sciences Spacelab Mission (June 1996). Myofilament density and spacing were normalized to a 2. 4-microm sarcomere length. Thick filament density ( approximately 1, 062 filaments/microm(2)) and spacing ( approximately 32.5 nm) were unchanged by spaceflight. Preflight thin filament density (2, 976/microm(2)) decreased significantly (P < 0.01) to 2,215/microm(2) in the overlap A band region as a result of a 17% filament loss and a 9% increase in short filaments. Normal fibers had 13% short thin filaments. The 26% decrease in thin filaments is consistent with preliminary findings of a 14% increase in the myosin-to-actin ratio. Lower thin filament density was calculated to increase thick-to-thin filament spacing in vivo from 17 to 23 nm. Decreased density is postulated to promote earlier cross-bridge detachment and faster contraction velocity. Atrophic fibers may be more susceptible to sarcomere reloading damage, because force per thin filament is estimated to increase by 23%.  (+info)

Space flight is associated with rapid decreases of undercarboxylated osteocalcin and increases of markers of bone resorption without changes in their circadian variation: observations in two cosmonauts. (2/72)

BACKGROUND: Microgravity induces bone loss by mechanism(s) that remain largely unknown. METHODS: We measured biochemical markers related to bone remodeling in two cosmonauts before, during, and after 21- and 180-day space flights, respectively. RESULTS: During both flights, type I procollagen propeptide and bone alkaline phosphatase decreased as early as 8 days after launch. Undercarboxylated osteocalcin percentage increased early and remained high during both flights. Vitamin K supplementation restored carboxylation of osteocalcin during the long-term flight. Urinary and serum C-telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) increased as early as day 8 of the flights; the increase was greater in serum than in urine. Pyridinoline, free deoxypyridinoline, and N-telopeptide increased less than CTX during the short-term space flight. The circadian rhythm of bone resorption assessed by urine CTX and free deoxypyridinoline was not altered by microgravity. CONCLUSION: Vitamin K metabolism or action and bone remodeling may be altered in cosmonauts.  (+info)

Reactivation and shedding of cytomegalovirus in astronauts during spaceflight. (3/72)

The reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in 71 astronauts was investigated, using polymerase chain reaction. A significantly greater (P<.0001) shedding frequency was found in urine samples from astronauts before spaceflight (10.6%) than in urine from the healthy control subject group (1.2%). Two of 4 astronauts studied during spaceflight shed CMV in urine. A significant increase (P<.0001) in CMV antibody titer, compared with baseline values, was also found 10 days before spaceflight. CMV antibody titer was further increased (P<.001) 3 days after landing, compared with 10 days before the mission. Significant increases in stress hormones were also found after landing. These results demonstrate that CMV reactivation occurred in astronauts before spaceflight and indicate that CMV may further reactivate during spaceflight.  (+info)

Effects of long-term spaceflight on mechanical properties of muscles in humans. (4/72)

The effects of long-term spaceflight (90-180 days) on the contractile and elastic characteristics of the human plantarflexor muscles were studied in 14 cosmonauts before and 2-3 days after landing. Despite countermeasures practiced aboard, spaceflight was found to induce a decrease in maximal isometric torque (17%), whereas an index of maximal shortening velocity was found to increase (31%). In addition, maximal muscle activation evaluated during isokinetic tests decreased by 39%. Changes in musculotendinous stiffness and whole joint stiffness were characterized by means of quick-release movements and sinusoidal perturbations. Musculotendinous stiffness was found to be increased by 25%. Whole joint stiffness decreased under passive conditions (21%), whereas whole joint stiffness under active conditions remained unchanged after spaceflight (-1%). This invariance suggests an adaptive mechanism to counterbalance the decrease in stiffness of passive structures by an increased active stiffness. Changes in neural drive could participate in this equilibrium.  (+info)

Static and dynamic postural control in long-term microgravity: evidence of a dual adaptation. (5/72)

The adaptation of dynamic movement-posture coordination during forward trunk bending was investigated in long-term weightlessness. Three-dimensional movement analysis was carried out in two astronauts during a 4-mo microgravity exposure. The principal component analysis was applied to joint-angle kinematics for the assessment of angular synergies. The anteroposterior center of mass (CM) displacement accompanying trunk flexion was also quantified. The results reveal that subjects kept typically terrestrial strategies of movement-posture coordination. The temporary disruption of joint-angular synergies observed at subjects' first in-flight session was promptly recovered when repetitive sessions in flight were analyzed. The CM anteroposterior shift was consistently <3-4 cm, suggesting that subjects could dynamically control the CM position throughout the whole flight. This is in contrast to the observed profound microgravity-induced disruption of the quasi-static body orientation and initial CM positioning. Although this study was based on only two subjects, evidence is provided that static and dynamic postural control might be under two separate mechanisms, adapting with their specific time course to the constraints of microgravity.  (+info)

Effect of long-duration spaceflight on postural control during self-generated perturbations. (6/72)

This report is the first systematic evaluation of the effects of prolonged weightlessness on the bipedal postural control processes during self-generated perturbations produced by voluntary upper limb movements. Spaceflight impacts humans in a variety of ways, one of which is compromised postflight postural control. We examined the neuromuscular activation characteristics and center of pressure (COP) motion associated with arm movement of eight subjects who experienced long-duration spaceflight (3--6 mo) aboard the Mir space station. Surface electromyography, arm acceleration, and COP motion were collected while astronauts performed rapid unilateral shoulder flexions before and after spaceflight. Subjects generally displayed compromised postural control after flight, as evidenced by modified COP peak-to-peak anterior-posterior and mediolateral excursion, and pathlength relative to preflight values. These changes were associated with disrupted neuromuscular activation characteristics, particularly after the completion of arm acceleration (i.e., when subjects were attempting to maintain upright posture in response to self-generated perturbations). These findings suggest that, although the subjects were able to assemble coordination modes that enabled them to generate rapid arm movements, the subtle control necessary to maintain bipedal equilibrium evident in their preflight performance is compromised after long-duration spaceflight.  (+info)

Code of conduct for the International Space Station Crew. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Interim final rule. (7/72)

NASA is issuing new regulations entitled "International Space Station Crew," to implement certain provisions of the International Space Station (ISS) Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) regarding ISS crewmembers' observance of an ISS Code of Conduct.  (+info)

Functional and structural adaptations of skeletal muscle to microgravity. (8/72)

Our purpose is to summarize the major effects of space travel on skeletal muscle with particular emphasis on factors that alter function. The primary deleterious changes are muscle atrophy and the associated decline in peak force and power. Studies on both rats and humans demonstrate a rapid loss of cell mass with microgravity. In rats, a reduction in muscle mass of up to 37% was observed within 1 week. For both species, the antigravity soleus muscle showed greater atrophy than the fast-twitch gastrocnemius. However, in the rat, the slow type I fibers atrophied more than the fast type II fibers, while in humans, the fast type II fibers were at least as susceptible to space-induced atrophy as the slow fiber type. Space flight also resulted in a significant decline in peak force. For example, the maximal voluntary contraction of the human plantar flexor muscles declined by 20-48% following 6 months in space, while a 21% decline in the peak force of the soleus type I fibers was observed after a 17-day shuttle flight. The reduced force can be attributed both to muscle atrophy and to a selective loss of contractile protein. The former was the primary cause because, when force was expressed per cross-sectional area (kNm(-2)), the human fast type II and slow type I fibers of the soleus showed no change and a 4% decrease in force, respectively. Microgravity has been shown to increase the shortening velocity of the plantar flexors. This increase can be attributed both to an elevated maximal shortening velocity (V(0)) of the individual slow and fast fibers and to an increased expression of fibers containing fast myosin. Although the cause of the former is unknown, it might result from the selective loss of the thin filament actin and an associated decline in the internal drag during cross-bridge cycling. Despite the increase in fiber V(0), peak power of the slow type I fiber was reduced following space flight. The decreased power was a direct result of the reduced force caused by the fiber atrophy. In addition to fiber atrophy and the loss of force and power, weightlessness reduces the ability of the slow soleus to oxidize fats and increases the utilization of muscle glycogen, at least in rats. This substrate change leads to an increased rate of fatigue. Finally, with return to the 1g environment of earth, rat studies have shown an increased occurrence of eccentric contraction-induced fiber damage. The damage occurs with re-loading and not in-flight, but the etiology has not been established.  (+info)

An astronaut is a professional who is trained and competent to travel in space outside of the Earth's atmosphere. The term "astronaut" is commonly used to refer to individuals from the United States, while the terms "cosmonaut" and "taikonaut" are used for those from Russia and China, respectively.

Astronauts undergo rigorous training and physical examinations to ensure they are in good health and can handle the demanding conditions of space travel. They may perform various tasks during their missions, including scientific research, operating equipment, maintaining the spacecraft, and communicating with mission control on Earth.

The first human astronaut was Yuri Gagarin, a Russian cosmonaut who became the first person to orbit the Earth in 1961. Since then, thousands of people from various countries have become astronauts and have contributed to our understanding of space and the universe.

"Space flight" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in general, it refers to the act of traveling through space, outside of Earth's atmosphere, aboard a spacecraft. This can include trips to the International Space Station (ISS), lunar missions, or travel to other planets and moons within our solar system.

From a medical perspective, space flight presents unique challenges to the human body, including exposure to microgravity, radiation, and isolation from Earth's biosphere. These factors can have significant impacts on various physiological systems, including the cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, sensory, and immune systems. As a result, space medicine has emerged as a distinct field of study focused on understanding and mitigating these risks to ensure the health and safety of astronauts during space flight.

Weightlessness, also known as zero gravity or microgravity, is a condition in which people or objects appear to be weightless. The effects of weightlessness on the human body are similar to those experienced during freefall.

This state can be achieved in various ways:

1. Freefall: This is the natural weightless state that occurs when an object is in free fall and accelerating towards the center of a celestial body such as Earth, but is not being affected by any other forces (like air resistance). During this state, the only force acting upon the object is gravity, which pulls everything towards the center of the planet. This is why astronauts experience weightlessness during space travel.

2. Neutral Buoyancy: In a fluid medium like water, an object can achieve neutral buoyancy when its weight equals the weight of the fluid it displaces. This creates a state where the object neither sinks nor floats, appearing to be weightless.

3. Specialized Equipment: Devices such as aircraft that fly in parabolic arcs can create short periods of weightlessness for training purposes or research. These flights involve climbing steeply, then diving towards the earth, creating a state of freefall and thus weightlessness.

Prolonged exposure to weightlessness can have significant effects on the human body, including muscle atrophy, bone loss, balance disorders, and changes in cardiovascular function.

Cosmic radiation refers to high-energy radiation that originates from space. It is primarily made up of charged particles, such as protons and electrons, and consists of several components including galactic cosmic rays, solar energetic particles, and trapped radiation in Earth's magnetic field (the Van Allen belts).

Galactic cosmic rays are high-energy particles that originate from outside our solar system. They consist mainly of protons, with smaller amounts of helium nuclei (alpha particles) and heavier ions. These particles travel at close to the speed of light and can penetrate the Earth's atmosphere, creating a cascade of secondary particles called "cosmic rays" that can be measured at the Earth's surface.

Solar energetic particles are high-energy charged particles, mainly protons and alpha particles, that are released during solar flares or coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from the Sun. These events can accelerate particles to extremely high energies, which can pose a radiation hazard for astronauts in space and for electronic systems in satellites.

Trapped radiation in Earth's magnetic field is composed of charged particles that are trapped by the Earth's magnetic field and form two doughnut-shaped regions around the Earth called the Van Allen belts. The inner belt primarily contains high-energy electrons, while the outer belt contains both protons and electrons. These particles can pose a radiation hazard for satellites in low Earth orbit (LEO) and for astronauts during spacewalks or missions beyond LEO.

Cosmic radiation is an important consideration for human space exploration, as it can cause damage to living tissue and electronic systems. Therefore, understanding the sources, properties, and effects of cosmic radiation is crucial for ensuring the safety and success of future space missions.

A space suit is not typically considered a medical device, but rather a specialized garment worn by astronauts during space travel and extra-vehicular activities (EVAs) to provide life support, protection from the harsh environment of space, and mobility in space. However, I can provide you with a general definition of a space suit:

A space suit is a complex system of components designed to provide an astronaut with a breathable atmosphere, temperature control, pressure maintenance, radiation protection, and micrometeoroid defense during spacewalks or while working in the vacuum of space. It typically includes a hard upper torso, arms, gloves, lower torso, boots, a helmet, and a life support system that provides oxygen, removes carbon dioxide, and maintains temperature and pressure. Some space suits are also designed to provide mobility and flexibility for various tasks and missions in space.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "space simulation" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. It is a concept more commonly found in the fields of aerospace engineering and virtual reality technology. In those contexts, space simulation refers to the creation of artificial environments intended to replicate various aspects of outer space, such as zero gravity or the appearance of celestial bodies. These simulations can be used for training astronauts, testing spacecraft and equipment, or for entertainment purposes like video games. If you have any questions related to medical definitions, I'd be happy to help with those!

Aerospace medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the health and safety of pilots, astronauts, and passengers during space travel or aircraft flight. It involves studying the effects of various factors such as altitude, weightlessness, radiation, noise, vibration, and temperature extremes on the human body, and developing measures to prevent or mitigate any adverse effects.

Aerospace medicine also encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions that occur during space travel or aircraft flight, as well as the development of medical standards and guidelines for pilot and astronaut selection, training, and fitness for duty. Additionally, it includes research into the physiological and psychological challenges of long-duration space missions and the development of countermeasures to maintain crew health and performance during such missions.

Weightlessness simulation, also known as "zero-gravity" or "microgravity" simulation, is the reproduction of the condition in which people or objects appear to be weightless. This state can be achieved through various methods, including neutral buoyancy, which is simulating the feeling of weightlessness by immersing individuals in a fluid (usually water) with a density equal to their body, or reduced-gravity environments created using specialized equipment such as aircraft that fly in parabolic arcs to generate brief periods of weightlessness.

Another method for weightlessness simulation is through the use of virtual reality and other technology to create an illusion of weightlessness. This can be done by manipulating visual and auditory cues, as well as providing a haptic feedback system that simulates the sensation of movement in zero-gravity environments. These simulations are often used for training astronauts, researching the effects of weightlessness on the human body, and developing technologies for use in space.

The United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is not a medical term or organization, but rather the civilian space agency of the U.S. federal government. It is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and space research. However, NASA has made significant contributions to medicine and health through its research and technological developments. For example, it has developed medical technologies for use in space that have also been applied to patient care on Earth, such as improved imaging techniques and telemedicine systems. Additionally, NASA's studies of the effects of space travel on the human body have led to advances in understanding and treating various health conditions, including bone loss, muscle atrophy, and radiation exposure.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "solar activity" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Solar activity refers to the various phenomena that occur on the Sun, including solar flares, coronal mass ejections (CMEs), and solar wind. These events involve the release of energy and charged particles from the Sun's atmosphere and can have effects on space weather and technological systems in near-Earth space. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!

Extravehicular activity (EVA) is a medical and space terminology used to describe any activity conducted by an astronaut or spacewalker outside the spacecraft or space station, in which they are exposed to the space environment. This includes any work or movement done in outer space, away from the protective shield of a space vehicle.

During EVA, astronauts are exposed to the vacuum of space, extreme temperatures, and various space hazards such as radiation, micrometeoroids, and debris. Therefore, proper training, equipment, and protective measures are essential to ensure the safety and health of the astronauts during extravehicular activities.

Extravehicular activities have many important applications in space exploration, including spacewalks for spacecraft maintenance and repair, scientific research, construction of space structures, and preparation for future human missions to other planets or moons.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "spacecraft" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space. It may be used to transport humans or cargo to and from space stations, conduct scientific research, or explore other celestial bodies such as the moon, planets, and asteroids. If you have any questions related to medical terminology, I'd be happy to help!

Weightlessness countermeasures refer to the methods and techniques used to prevent or minimize the negative effects of weightlessness (or microgravity) on the human body during spaceflight. Prolonged exposure to weightlessness can lead to various physiological changes, such as muscle atrophy, bone loss, cardiovascular deconditioning, and balance disorders. Weightlessness countermeasures aim to mitigate these effects through various strategies, including:

1. Exercise: Regular exercise, particularly resistance and aerobic exercises, helps maintain muscle strength, endurance, and cardiovascular fitness during spaceflight. Devices like the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) and treadmills are used on the International Space Station (ISS) to provide a suitable exercise routine for astronauts.
2. Nutrition: Adequate nutrient intake, including calcium, vitamin D, and protein, is essential for maintaining bone and muscle health during spaceflight. Monitoring and optimizing dietary habits can help counteract the negative effects of weightlessness on the body.
3. Medications and supplements: Some medications and supplements may be used to prevent or treat specific issues related to weightlessness, such as bone loss (bisphosphonates) or muscle wasting (anabolic agents). However, these interventions should be carefully evaluated for their risks and benefits.
4. Artificial gravity: Systems that create a gravitational force, such as rotating spacecraft or centrifuges, can help maintain the body's physiological adaptations to Earth's gravity. Although not yet implemented in human spaceflight, artificial gravity is a promising countermeasure for long-duration missions.
5. Pre- and post-flight rehabilitation: A well-structured rehabilitation program before and after spaceflight can help astronauts recover more quickly from the effects of weightlessness and reduce the risk of long-term health issues.
6. Monitoring and telemedicine: Regular monitoring of physiological parameters, such as muscle mass, bone density, and cardiovascular function, allows for early detection and intervention of any adverse effects related to weightlessness. Telemedicine can also provide remote medical support and guidance during space missions.

Overall, a comprehensive approach that combines various countermeasures is essential for minimizing the negative impacts of weightlessness on astronaut health during and after space missions.

The Visible Human Project is not a medical definition, but rather a pioneering effort initiated by the National Library of Medicine (NLM) in the 1990s to create a detailed, anatomically accurate, and publicly accessible dataset of cross-sectional images of the human body. The project involves the creation of male and female cadaver datasets, which were frozen, sliced into thin sections, and then digitally scanned to generate thousands of cross-sectional images. These images provide a three-dimensional visualization of the human body's internal structures, including bones, muscles, ligaments, blood vessels, and organs.

The Visible Human Project has significantly contributed to medical education, research, and computer-aided design in various fields such as radiology, surgery, biomechanics, and bioengineering. It allows researchers and medical professionals to study human anatomy in detail and develop new techniques for diagnosis, treatment planning, and surgical simulation.

Linear Energy Transfer (LET) is a concept in radiation physics that describes the amount of energy that is transferred from an ionizing particle to a medium per unit length along its path. It is usually expressed in units of keV/μm (kiloelectron volts per micrometer). High-LET radiations, such as alpha particles and heavy ions, transfer more energy to the medium per unit length than low-LET radiations, such as X-rays and gamma rays. This results in a higher probability of producing dense ionizations and causing biological damage along the particle's path. Therefore, LET is an important factor in determining the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of different types of radiation.

Bed rest is a medical recommendation for a person to limit their activities and remain in bed for a period of time. It is often ordered by healthcare providers to help the body recover from certain medical conditions or treatments, such as:

* Infections
* Pregnancy complications
* Recent surgery
* Heart problems
* Blood pressure fluctuations
* Bleeding
* Bone fractures
* Certain neurological conditions

The duration of bed rest can vary depending on the individual's medical condition and response to treatment. While on bed rest, patients are typically advised to change positions frequently to prevent complications such as bedsores, blood clots, and muscle weakness. They may also receive physical therapy, occupational therapy, or other treatments to help maintain their strength and mobility during this period.

Orthostatic intolerance is a condition in which an individual experiences lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting when standing or maintaining an upright position for extended periods. It is caused by an abnormal physiological response to gravity and results in inadequate blood flow to the brain upon standing.

The medical definition of orthostatic intolerance includes symptoms that are exacerbated by upright posture and relieved by recumbent (lying down) position. The underlying mechanisms involve dysfunction in the autonomic nervous system, which controls involuntary bodily functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, and vasoconstriction.

Orthostatic intolerance can be a symptom of various medical conditions, including postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), neurogenic orthostatic hypotension, and other autonomic disorders. Proper diagnosis and management require a thorough evaluation by a healthcare professional to identify the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Blood circulation time is the duration it takes for blood to travel throughout the body and return to the point of origin. It is typically measured from the time a substance is injected into the bloodstream until it can be detected at the original injection site after circulating through the body. This measurement can provide valuable information about an individual's cardiovascular health, as any delays in circulation time may indicate issues with the heart or blood vessels.

In medical terms, blood circulation time is often divided into two components: the pulmonary circulation time and the systemic circulation time. The pulmonary circulation time refers to the time it takes for blood to travel from the heart to the lungs and back again, while the systemic circulation time refers to the time it takes for blood to travel from the heart to the rest of the body and back again.

There are several methods for measuring blood circulation time, including injecting a dye or other substance into the bloodstream and using specialized equipment to detect its presence at various points in the body. This information can be used to diagnose and monitor conditions such as heart disease, shock, and other circulatory disorders.

Hypergravity is a term used to describe an environment where the force of gravity is greater than that which we normally experience on Earth's surface (1G). This can occur in various situations such as high-speed aircraft rides, space travel, or in certain laboratory settings. It leads to increased gravitational load and force on the body, which can have various physiological effects, including cardiovascular changes, muscle tension, and altered body positioning. Prolonged exposure to hypergravity can lead to physical fatigue and discomfort.

Hindlimb suspension is a commonly used animal model in biomedical research, particularly in the study of muscle atrophy and disuse osteoporosis. In this model, the hindlimbs of rodents (such as rats or mice) are suspended using a tape or a harness system, which elevates their limbs off the ground and prevents them from bearing weight. This state of disuse leads to significant changes in the musculoskeletal system, including muscle atrophy, bone loss, and alterations in muscle fiber type composition and architecture.

The hindlimb suspension model is often used to investigate the mechanisms underlying muscle wasting and bone loss in conditions such as spinal cord injury, bed rest, and spaceflight-induced disuse. By understanding these mechanisms, researchers can develop potential therapeutic interventions to prevent or mitigate the negative effects of disuse on the musculoskeletal system.

Orthostatic hypotension is a type of low blood pressure that occurs when you stand up from a sitting or lying position. The drop in blood pressure causes a brief period of lightheadedness or dizziness, and can even cause fainting in some cases. This condition is also known as postural hypotension.

Orthostatic hypotension is caused by a rapid decrease in blood pressure when you stand up, which reduces the amount of blood that reaches your brain. Normally, when you stand up, your body compensates for this by increasing your heart rate and constricting blood vessels to maintain blood pressure. However, if these mechanisms fail or are impaired, orthostatic hypotension can occur.

Orthostatic hypotension is more common in older adults, but it can also affect younger people who have certain medical conditions or take certain medications. Some of the risk factors for orthostatic hypotension include dehydration, prolonged bed rest, pregnancy, diabetes, heart disease, Parkinson's disease, and certain neurological disorders.

If you experience symptoms of orthostatic hypotension, it is important to seek medical attention. Your healthcare provider can perform tests to determine the underlying cause of your symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment options. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, such as increasing fluid intake, avoiding alcohol and caffeine, and gradually changing positions from lying down or sitting to standing up. In some cases, medication may be necessary to manage orthostatic hypotension.

Head-down tilt (HDT) is a positioning technique often used in medical settings, particularly during diagnostic procedures or treatment interventions. In this position, the person lies down on a specially designed table with their head tilted below the horizontal plane, typically at an angle of 6 degrees to 15 degrees, but sometimes as steep as 90 degrees. This posture allows for various medical evaluations such as carotid sinus massage or intracranial pressure monitoring. It is also used in space medicine to simulate some effects of weightlessness on the human body during spaceflight. Please note that prolonged exposure to head-down tilt can have physiological consequences, including changes in blood pressure, heart rate, and eye function, which should be monitored and managed by healthcare professionals.

Heavy ions, in the context of medicine, typically refer to charged particles that are used in the field of radiation therapy for cancer treatment. These particles are much heavier than electrons and carry a positive charge, unlike the negatively charged electrons or neutral photons used in conventional radiotherapy.

The term "heavy ions" is often associated with carbon ions or other ions like oxygen or neon. The high mass and charge of these particles result in unique physical properties that allow for more targeted and precise cancer treatment compared to traditional radiation therapy methods.

When heavy ions pass through tissue, they deposit most of their energy at the end of their range, creating a narrow, highly-damaging track known as the Bragg peak. This property enables clinicians to concentrate the dose of radiation within the tumor while minimizing exposure to surrounding healthy tissues. The result is a potentially more effective and less toxic treatment option for certain types of cancer, particularly those that are radioresistant or located near critical organs.

It's important to note that heavy ion therapy requires specialized equipment, such as particle accelerators and gantry systems, which limits its availability to a smaller number of medical facilities worldwide.

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Casimiro Torreiro of El País deemed Astronauts to be "a film to be loved", "a rara avis of those that, with its flaws and ... Astronauts (Spanish: Astronautas) is a 2003 Spanish film written and directed by Santi Amodeo which stars Nancho Novo and ... Holland, Jonathan (16 March 2004). "Astronauts". Variety. Estrada, Javier (10 March 2004). "Santiago Amodeo: «Me interesa ... Enrico Vecchi Julián Villagrán as Andrés Astronauts is the solo debut feature of Santi Amodeo, who had previously co-helmed The ...
... , written for the youth, is set in the Communist utopian future. To get it published under the communist regime ... The Astronauts (Polish: Astronauci) is the first science fiction novel by Polish writer Stanisław Lem published as a book, in ... Astronauts at lem.pl Allan, SeDn; Sandford, John (1999). DEFA: East German cinema, 1946-1992. Berghahn Books. p. 80. ISBN 1- ... List of published Lem's novels in all languages The Silent Star at IMDb Astronauts book page on Stanisław Lem's official site ( ...
... Season 1. Episode 3. USA. 2021. Science Channel. Jason Vondersmith (17 May 2021). "'Homemade Astronauts': ... Homemade Astronauts is a television show on The Science Channel (Discovery Science USA) and Discovery+, that started airing in ... Homemade Astronaut. Season 1. Episode 2. USA. 2021. Science Channel. Josh K. Elliott (24 February 2020). "Flat-Earth martyr or ... It featured DIY wannabe astronauts, who design and build their own equipment, in an attempt to reach the edge of space. The ...
"Astronauts - Skydive (Official Music Video)". YouTube. Retrieved 20 November 2014. "Astronauts". Nära is Near. Retrieved 20 ... "Astronauts - "Skydive" (Official Video)". DAN DIGS. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2014. "Review: Astronauts - Hollow Ponds ... "Astronauts - Lo & Behold". Lorecordings.com. Retrieved 20 November 2014. "Astronauts - Lo & Behold". Lorecordings.com. ... Astronauts is the solo musical project of the UK songwriter, Dan Carney. He is signed to London-based imprint Lo Recordings. ...
... are said to bear a resemblance to present day astronauts. Supporters of the ancient astronaut hypothesis sometimes argue that ... Some ancient astronaut proponents such as Von Däniken and Barry Downing believe that the concept of hell in the Bible could be ... retrieved 4 February 2007 Ancient Astronauts - Skeptic's Dictionary Dunning, Brian. "Skeptoid #449: Ancient Astronauts". ... Well-known ancient astronauts proponents in the latter half of the 20th century who have written numerous books or appear ...
"Almost Astronauts". Kirkus Reviews. 2010-05-20. Retrieved 2022-01-26. Almost Astronauts. 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2022-01-26 - via ... "Almost Astronauts , Awards & Grants". American Library Association. 2010-03-10. Retrieved 2022-01-26. "Almost Astronauts: 13 ... Almost Astronauts received a starred review from Kirkus, as well as positive reviews from Booklist, The New York Times Book ... Almost Astronauts: 13 Women Who Dared to Dream is a nonfiction children's book by Tanya Lee Stone, originally published ...
... is an American holiday, dedicated to NASA astronauts and their achievements. It is a "floating" holiday, ... Observants of this holiday are asked to light a candle in their window, reflect on the sacrifices astronauts have made, and re- ... National Astronaut Day (USA) Yuri's Night Mansfield, Cheryl L. (16 March 2015). "Apollo 1". Warnock, Lynda (19 January 2016). " ...
"God Hates Astronauts". Comic Book Roundup. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 'God Hates Astronauts' #1 Is One Of The Weirdest, Most ... "Beer Hates Astronauts". Beeradvocate. Retrieved 11 January 2015. "Beer Hates Astronauts". ratebeer. Retrieved 11 January 2015. ... God Hates Astronauts is an American science fiction/comedy comic book series written and illustrated by Ryan Browne. Originally ... Beer Hates Astronauts has been very well received, currently holding a 98 rating on review aggregator sites Beeradvocate and ...
ISBN 1-59580-035-2 The Astronauts discography at Discogs The Astronauts at IMDb (Webarchive template wayback links, Articles ... The Astronauts was an American rock band, which had a minor hit in 1963 with "Baja" and remained successful for several years, ... The Astronauts reunited temporarily to perform in Boulder, Colorado, in 1974, 1988 and 1989. A four-CD box set of the group's ... Released by The Astronauts in early 1963, the track was described as "a typical surf instrumental with a reverberation-heavy ...
... is a novel by Bob Shaw published in 1986 by Gollancz. It is the first book in the series Land and ... The Ragged Astronauts is a novel in which people can use a hot-air balloon for interplanetary travel between twin planets that ... Dave Langford reviewed The Ragged Astronauts for White Dwarf #81, and stated that "Pi, in this book, equals 3. Therefore the ...
... at YouTube (streamed copy where licensed) Various 'Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts' album versions at ... Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts is the second album by the British indie and psychedelic rock band Kula Shaker. Initial recording ... Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts was re-released in a 10th Anniversary, 2 CD edition on 20 January 2010. The 10th Anniversary ... Peasants, Pigs & Astronauts was placed at number 36 in Q magazine's 2006 list, "The 50 Worst Albums Ever!" "Great Hosannah" ( ...
With The Astronauts, Chmielarz was able to hire in some of the People Can Fly developers to build out smaller, story-focused ... The Astronauts is an independent Polish video game developer based in Warsaw. It was formed in October 2012 by Adrian Chmielarz ... Hall, Charlie (16 July 2014). "THE ASTRONAUTS: A POLISH TEAM GETS SMALL TO THINK BIGGER". Polygon. Archived from the original ... Sliwinski, Alexander (11 October 2012). "The Astronauts is new studio from People Can Fly vets". Engadget. Archived from the ...
BBC TV Comedy Guide for Astronauts. Astronauts at IMDb Astronauts at British Comedy Guide (Use dmy dates from May 2014, Use ... The astronauts' names are Malcolm Mattocks, Gentian Foster and David Ackroyd, whilst the astronauts' contact at Mission Control ... Astronauts is a British television sitcom that aired on ITV from 26 October 1981 to 23 August 1983. It was written by Graeme ... The complete series of Astronauts was released on 9 July 2012. On 11 August 1982, CBS aired a pilot for an American adaptation ...
In Astronauts Gone Wild, Sibrel confronts nine Apollo astronauts and asks them to swear an oath on a Bible that they traveled ... The astronaut refuses and tries his best to get away from Sibrel, who follows Aldrin and calls him "a coward, and a liar, and a ... For the most part, these astronauts do the best they can to avoid him as soon as they find out that he supports the conspiracy ... Astronauts Gone Wild - MM6, retrieved 2022-07-27 Hansen, James R. (2005). First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong. New York: ...
The Astronauts is a television film, or rather a live television play, which aired in Australia during 1960 on ABC. Broadcast ... The Astronauts at IMDb v t e (Use dmy dates from July 2019, Articles with short description, Short description is different ... "Astronauts on TV". The Age. 12 May 1960. p. 3. Retrieved 21 May 2022 - via Google News. Vagg, Stephen (18 February 2019). "60 ... The play posed the question, "what sort of man is an astronaut?" During the broadcast on 18 May a conversation between two ABC ...
"Astronauts of Antiquity's "Paradise" - sohh.com". June 2016. Astronauts of Antiquity Official Website (All articles with dead ... "Astronauts of Antiquity "Paradise" FT Deploi - rivevideo.com". 19 May 2016. "Astronauts of Antiquity - ourstage.com". "Rocket ... "Astronauts of Antiquity interview! - musiccrowns.org". 7 June 2016. "Astronauts Of Antiquity: Rocket Science for Dummies- Album ... "Astronauts of Antiquity- Paradise (Ft. Deploi) - pastemagazine.com". "Astronauts of Antiquity interview! - zmemusic.com". 13 ...
NASA Astronaut Corps NASA Astronaut Group 2 NASA Astronaut Group 3 NASA Astronaut Group 4 NASA Astronaut Group 5 NASA Astronaut ... Astronaut Group 7 NASA Astronaut Group 8 NASA Astronaut Group 9 NASA Astronaut Group 10 NASA Astronaut Group 11 NASA Astronaut ... Group 12 NASA Astronaut Group 13 NASA Astronaut Group 14 NASA Astronaut Group 15 NASA Astronaut Group 16 NASA Astronaut Group ... 17 NASA Astronaut Group 18 NASA Astronaut Group 19 NASA Astronaut Group 20 NASA Astronaut Group 21 NASA Astronaut Group 22 NASA ...
... was one of the novels that "revealed the rot and canker and delusions at the roots of governmental space ... The Falling Astronauts is a science fiction novel by American writer Barry N. Malzberg, first published in 1971 in a paperback ... However, the mission to install the seismic charges on the lunar surface goes awry when one of the astronauts goes rogue and ... The Falling Astronauts title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (Articles with short description, Short ...
Dead Astronauts Summary. Ellis, Emma Grey. "WIRED Book of the Month: Dead Astronauts by Jeff VanderMeer". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028 ... "Dead Astronauts by Jeff VanderMeer". www.publishersweekly.com. Retrieved 2022-06-20. Allan, Nina (2020-01-16). "Dead Astronauts ... Dead Astronauts is a 2019 science fiction novel by Jeff VanderMeer. It is a sequel to Borne but features different characters ... Martine, Arkady (2019-12-07). "Clarity Isn't The Point In Confusing, Absorbing 'Dead Astronauts'". NPR. Retrieved 2022-06-20. " ...
... is a 7" vinyl-only covers EP released by Indiana lo-fi/indie songster Elephant Micah. It was released in ...
They were reprinted in the 1999 trade paperback Astronauts in Trouble: Live From the Moon (ISBN 978-0967684710). Astronauts in ... Astronauts in Trouble is also the AiT in publisher name AiT/Planet Lar. The first story arc is set in 2019, 50 years after the ... Astronauts in Trouble is the title of a series of comic books and graphic novels created by Larry Young. Charlie Adlard is the ... The stories originally appeared in the five issue limited series Astronauts in Trouble: Live From the Moon (March - July 1999 ...
... is a comedy television series which aired on Syfy, created by Russell Barrett. The main characters have ... Outer Space Astronauts at IMDb (Use mdy dates from June 2013, Articles with short description, Short description is different ... Outer Space Astronauts uses an animation technique similar to Cutout animation, which combines live-action greenscreen footage ...
Five of the astronauts have retired, while seven (colored) are in the active unit. Two Japanese astronauts have been in space ... Of these, twelve-ten men and two women-were professional astronauts and two were space tourists. ... Japanese astronauts, Lists of astronauts by nationality). ...
This is a list of Muslim astronauts who have traveled to outer space. As of 2023, 16 Muslims (12 men and 4 women) have been in ... Angkasawan program List of Arab astronauts "Alper Gezeravcı". Axiom Space. Retrieved 2023-10-10. A prince in space Archived May ... Patrick Di Justo, "A Muslim Astronaut's Dilemma - How to Face Mecca From Space", Wired, September 26, 2007 (Webarchive template ...
Lists of astronauts, Lists of astronauts by nationality, Lists of people by ethnicity). ... The table lists astronauts whose origin or ancestry is in Central, East, South, Southeast, and West Asia. Several Soviet and ... This is a list of astronauts, who are in a restricted sense, Asians. If "Asian" is restricted to refer to people from the ... List of Asian American astronauts (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, ...
Chinese women in space Chinese American astronauts Taylor Wang Franklin Chang-Díaz Leroy Chiao Ed Lu List of astronauts List of ... The People's Liberation Army Astronaut Corps was established in 1998 for the selection of Shenzhou program astronauts. In 2003 ... Lists of astronauts by nationality, Chinese astronauts, Lists of Chinese people by occupation, Shenzhou program, People's ... Instead, NASA astronaut Taylor Wang, a naturalized U.S. citizen born in China, became the first ethnically Chinese person in ...
As of 2021, the Netherlands is the country of birth to three astronauts. Two of the three astronauts flew to space on board a ... To distinguish between space tourism and professional astronauts, the term astronaut is reserved for the latter category and as ... Lists of astronauts by nationality, Dutch astronauts, Lists of Dutch people by occupation). ... The second Dutch-born astronaut and first Dutch citizen to have been to space is Wubbo Ockels. He was born on 28 March 1946 in ...
All Gemini astronauts-excluding the Mercury Seven astronauts already included-were inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of ... Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Astronauts by space program, Lists of astronauts ... Carrying two astronauts at a time, a senior command pilot and a junior pilot, the Gemini spacecraft was used for ten crewed ... Among the Gemini astronauts, six later walked on the Moon, another five flew to the Moon without landing, and two participated ...
Astronauts & Heretics is the fourth studio album by English new wave/synth-pop musician Thomas Dolby, released in 1992. It was ...
Ancient Aliens and Ancient Astronaut Theory Mark P. Robertson Educational Planning Course ... The Dogons Story Of The Ancient Astronauts. Ancient Astronauts were believed to have helped the Egyptian civilization ... Ancient Aliens and Ancient Astronaut Theory. Ancient Aliens and Ancient Astronaut Theory Mark P. Robertson Educational Planning ... Ancient Astronaut Theorists Research Paper. If I had to choose an occupation in science I believe that I would be an Ancient ...
A group of astronauts and a mechanical rover have set sail through the stars across North America to an impact crater near ... Photo of Astronaut Robert Overmyer from NASA, via Wikimedia Commons. I recently went on a trip to visit the Endeavour space ... Peggy Whitson -- NASA Astronaut and Biochemist We continue to recognize 50 Years of Women in Space with STEM Role Model Peggy ... Peggy Whitson grew up on a farm in Iowa with big dreams of becoming a NASA Astronaut. She was the first female commander of the ...
... By Cindy Saine Washington. 15 August 2007. ... Two astronauts from the crew of the space shuttle Endeavour have conducted a successful spacewalk Wednesday. NASA engineers on ... The astronauts successfully moved two equipment carts to the starboard side of the space stations railcar-like Mobile ... Mission Control stressed that the astronaut was in no danger, and that the hole did not penetrate all the layers of his glove. ...
Get the latest astronauts info from our tech-obsessed editors with breaking news, in-depth reviews, hands-on videos, and our ... astronauts. *. SpaceX secures five more NASA astronaut missions as part of a $1.4 billion contract. With Boeings Starliner ... Two more astronauts join SpaceXs first crewed mission to the ISS. A total of four astronauts will travel aboard the Crew ... NASA names the astronauts eligible for early Artemis Moon missions. The group of 18 candidates includes veterans and relative ...
Search our collection of millions of Astronauts designs on products like t-shirts, sweatshirts, hoodies, pillows, tote bags, ... Take your protein pills and don one of our astronaut t-shirts for your next tin can cruise.. ...
Space Shuttle astronauts have photographed these dusts storms several times. These photographs, taken by astronauts on April 25 ... As the Space Shuttle Atlantis passed over southern Egypt in mid-March 2001, the STS-102 astronauts were able to document new ... Astronauts aboard the STS-97 Space Shuttle mission in December photographed the northern lights after undocking from the ... Astronauts used the Electrical Still Camera (ESC) to photograph a mass of storm clouds during Expedition 1. ...
Space Shuttle astronauts have photographed these dusts storms several times. These photographs, taken by astronauts on April 25 ... Astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery used the sunglint off the surface of the Mediterranean Sea to reveal biogenic ... Shuttle astronauts frequently track Saharan dust storms as they blow from north Africa across the Atlantic Ocean. Dust palls ... As the Space Shuttle Atlantis passed over southern Egypt in mid-March 2001, the STS-102 astronauts were able to document new ...
Astronauts attempted to repair the space stations new water recycler on Sunday. ... An attempt by astronauts to repair a new water recycler designed to convert urine into drinkable water met with mixed results ... Astronauts aboard the station have managed to run some urine through the water recycler, as well as a batch of moisture ... Astronauts delivered the system last week aboard NASAs shuttle Endeavour, which also toted a spare kitchen, bathroom and other ...
... here are some of the programs most notable astronauts. ... 7 Notable Space Shuttle Astronauts. News By Lily Norton. ... and in that time it has ferried more than 540 astronauts into space. Each one of those astronauts is a prime specimen of ... He was a member of the astronaut support crew for Skylab missions and for the 1975 Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, which was the ... He made the trip wearing just his Manned Maneuvering Unit, that jetpacklike device astronauts use on spacewalks. As a mission ...
The astronauts started growing zinnias late last year, but a mere two weeks later, the team noticed symptoms of excessively ... NASA astronaut Scott Kelly can brag about having a green thumb all day long, and we wouldnt mind at all. Hes earned that ... NASA astronaut Scott Kelly can brag about having a green thumb all day long, and we wouldnt mind at all. Hes earned that ... Astronauts grow their first flower in space. Theyre raising zinnias aboard the ISS to know more about growing food on Mars. ...
Two astronauts, one a proud new dad for the second time, will venture outside the International Space Station Monday on the ... Video Show - How Astronauts Prepare to Ride Space Shuttles. SPACE.comis providing complete coverage of Atlantis STS-129 ... The astronauts launched Nov. 16 and are due to depart thespace station Wednesday and land Friday at NASA?s Kennedy Space Center ... NASA astronaut Jan Davis recounts career, fathers POW experience in new book. By Elizabeth Howell. September 28, 2023. ...
Astronauts Scott Tingle (left) and Norishige Kanai watch the SpaceX Dragon cargo craft arrive from inside the seven-windowed ...
Tag: mercury astronauts. Posted on March 11, 2017. March 14, 2017. by Ken Kremer ... John Glenn was selected as one of NASAs original seven Mercury astronauts chosen at the dawn of the space age in 1959. He ... Glenn is probably Americas most famous astronaut in addition to Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon during ... Orbital ATK Cygnus OA-7 spacecraft named the SS John Glenn for Original 7 Mercury astronaut and Sen. John Glenn, undergoes ...
This article appeared in print under the headline "Gene testing to help astronauts stay fit" ... An older male astronaut with the mutation will have built up high concentrations of iron over his lifetime (women are less at ... Instead, if an astronaut is known to have this mutation they can be given a lower dose or an alternative treatment. ... Roughly half of astronauts have experienced back pain during missions, which is treated in space with exercise and painkillers ...
But the astronauts have already been told to move out of the way of a piece of space junk. ... Space Shuttle, Station Dock: 13 Astronauts Together. After Endeavour docks with station, 13 astronauts in one place ... The seven shuttle astronauts floated into the space station, one by one, and embraced their six station colleagues. It was a ... When the seven astronauts of space shuttle Endeavour docked Friday afternoon with the six crewmen of the International Space ...
Astronauts Gerald P. Carr, Edward G. Gibson, eating on SkyLab 4. Credit: NASA.. On Nov. 22, 1973, astronauts Gerald P. Carr, ... Astronauts aboard two different spacecraft in different orbits celebrated Thanksgiving in the mid-90s. STS-80 astronauts Kent V ... The occasion marked the most astronauts in space on Thanksgiving Day. Astronauts Tamara E. Jeringan, Kent V. Rominger, and ... www.astronomy.com/science/how-astronauts-celebrate-thanksgiving-in-space/ How astronauts celebrate Thanksgiving in space The ...
Astronauts to get help from snake robots. Date:. December 20, 2016. Source:. SINTEF. Summary:. Researchers are looking into how ... "Astronauts to get help from snake robots." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com. /. releases. /. 2016. /. 12. /. 161220094416.htm ... Astronauts carry out experiments sent to them in boxes by their colleagues on Earth, and these experiments have to be carried ... These are the astronauts main tasks, but they also have their work cut out inspecting and maintaining all the equipment needed ...
When a group of kids are accidentally launched into space, they embark on an adventure of a lifetime to get back home.
An astronaut stuck on moon amidst an alien invasion wave. Needs oxygen to survive. Shoots at enemy, earns money and can upgrade ... An astronaut stuck on moon amidst an alien invasion wave. Needs oxygen to survive. Shoots at enemy, earns money and can upgrade ... An astronaut stuck on moon amidst an alien invasion wave. Needs oxygen to survive. Shoots at enemy, earns money and can upgrade ...
NASA Astronaut. Ellison S. Onizuka Lt. Col. USAF. NASA Astronaut. Ronald E. McNair Ph. D.. NASA Astronaut. Judith A. Resnik Ph ... USN NASA Astronaut, Ellison S. Onizuka Lt. Col. USAF NASA Astronaut, Ronald E. McNair Ph. D. NASA Astronaut, Judith A. Resnik ... Seven Astronauts. . This monument dedicated to "Seven Astronauts" who died national heroes as members of the crew of the " ... NASA Astronaut. Sharon Christa McAuliffe. First Teacher in Space. Gregory B. Jarvis. Payload Specalist. Erected 1986 by ...
Michelin-starred chefs are vying to create Christmas delights for astronauts spending the festive season 400 kilometres away ... a doctor at the Cologne-based European Astronaut Centre.. "All astronauts, whatever their nationality, are happy to have ...a ... British astronaut dials wrong number on Xmas call from space. Two whacks is all it takes for spacewalk repair. ... Astronauts Tour Future White Room, Crew Access Tower. 15 in 15: NASAs Commercial Crew Program Moves Closer to Flight. ...
We take a look back at NASAs decades of creative methods of astronaut training. Link... ... Main Blog , NASAs Glorious History of Training Astronauts NASAs Glorious History of Training Astronauts ... Now they have the exciting Unemployment line simulator to train the astronauts on. ... We take a look back at NASAs decades of creative methods of astronaut training.. Link ...
Station astronauts complete tedious spacewalk October 28, 2015 William Harwood Space station commander Scott Kelly and Kjell ... Three space station astronauts will participate in two spacewalks over the next week to swap out solar array batteries on the ... Astronauts stage second spacewalk in five days October 10, 2017 William Harwood ... Two astronauts plan to venture outside the International Space Station Friday, taking over from earlier robotic arm operations ...
Members of NASAs newest astronaut class pose with an Orion capsule at NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston on Tuesday, Aug. ... Members of NASAs newest astronaut class pose with an Orion capsule at NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston on Tuesday, Aug. ... Members of NASAs newest astronaut class pose with an Orion capsule at NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston on Tuesday, Aug. ...
Charlie is a cat astronaut aboard his Rover and he needs your help. ... Astronaut Charlie is a puzzle game set on Mars. ... Buy Perseverance Mission - Astronaut Charlie. $1.99 Add to Cart ... Perseverance Mission - Astronaut Charlie is a puzzle game set on Mars. Charlie is a cat astronaut aboard his Rover and he needs ... Charlie is an astronaut cat in his Rover. He embarked on a space mission to Mars in search of samples of life and rock. Help ...
Astronauts Wanted. With Each Generational Shift, Entertainment Is Reinvented: Astronauts Wanteds McGrath And Shore. When Judy ... Astronauts Wanted: Combine Brands With Talent And Blow The Roof Off, Says Murphy. When MTV Networks alumni Judy McGrath and ... Nick Shore formed Astronauts Wanted in 2013, they certainly understood younger audiences. What has become a joint venture ... McGrath and Nick Shore talk about the impetus behind Astronauts Wanted, they sound like long-distance runners in a never-ending ...
Astronaut is the American name for a person who is trained to explore outer space, planetary moons, etc. in a spacecraft. ...
This desk lamp, which is powered by your choice of USB or batteries, features a moon as the base with an astronaut floating ... but you can recreate space missions on your desk with the Astronaut Light. ... HomeGadgetsAstronaut Light. Astronaut Light. March 21, 2019 James Scott Gadgets 0 ... A desk light like no other, the Astronaut Light features a floating astronaut that can be repositioned around the moon, giving ...
  • Her promising future ended in 2003 when she died with 6 fellow astronauts aboard the shuttle Columbia over Texas. (scienceblogs.com)
  • A total of four astronauts will travel aboard the Crew Dragon later this year. (engadget.com)
  • Astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery used the sunglint off the surface of the Mediterranean Sea to reveal biogenic films on the ocean surface ("Biogenic film" refers to a thin layer of biologically-produced film resting on the surface. (nasa.gov)
  • An attempt by astronauts to repair a new water recycler designed to convert urine into drinkable water met with mixed results Sunday aboard the International Space Station. (space.com)
  • Astronauts delivered the system last week aboard NASA's shuttle Endeavour, which also toted a spare kitchen, bathroom and other equipment to support larger station crews. (space.com)
  • Astronauts aboard the station have managed to run some urine through the water recycler, as well as a batch of moisture siphoned from the station's atmosphere, but not the amount flight controllers had hoped for. (space.com)
  • Astronauts aboard the International Space Station will be far away from family and friends this Thanksgiving but will still enjoy what sounds like a great meal. (astronomy.com)
  • Astronauts aboard two different spacecraft in different orbits celebrated Thanksgiving in the mid-90s. (astronomy.com)
  • Charlie is a cat astronaut aboard his Rover and he needs your help. (steampowered.com)
  • The astronauts will manually dock with the Tiangong 1 module that was launched last year and conduct scientific experiments while aboard, Xinhua said. (salon.com)
  • Christmas came a day late for astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS) with the successful Wednesday arrival of a Russian cargo ship bearing gifts and fresh supplies. (livescience.com)
  • Tucked aboard the Progress 27 are about 2.5 tons of propellant, oxygen, fresh fruit, equipment and other vital supplies for the station's three-astronaut crew. (livescience.com)
  • Highly trained astronauts are ultimately responsible for all that happens aboard the ISS, so they need to deal with immediate emergencies while maintaining and upgrading the station for future astronauts. (psychologytoday.com)
  • But out in space, none of these things come naturally-which is why it's so amazing that astronauts have managed to grow flowers aboard the International Space Station. (mentalfloss.com)
  • A NASA astronaut on her inaugural spaceflight and two cosmonauts launched aboard a Russian Soyuz spacecraft toward the International Space Station Friday, marking the first time Russia has launched astronauts to the orbiting outpost in nearly a year. (yahoo.com)
  • Two astronauts from the crew of the space shuttle Endeavour have conducted a successful spacewalk Wednesday. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Atlantis shuttle astronaut Robert Satcher Jr., STS-129 mission specialist, holds a camera during his mission's first spacewalk of his mission to the International Space Station on Nov. 19, 2009. (space.com)
  • On Nov. 22, 1973, astronauts Gerald P. Carr, William E. Pogue, and Edward G. Gibson celebrated with two meals at dinner time after the team completed a spacewalk that took 6 hours and 33 minutes. (astronomy.com)
  • Their mission nearing an end, the two space station astronauts installed antennas and released a baby Sputnik during a spacewalk Monday amid heightened safety procedures and multiple breakdowns. (pravda.ru)
  • French astronaut Thomas Pesquet, who will join the ISS in November next year, is already preparing his dream space menu. (spacedaily.com)
  • Peggy Whitson, center, and Shane Kimbrough, right, will venture outside the lab Friday while Kimbrough and French astronaut Thomas Pesquet, left, will carry out a second EVA one week later, on Friday, Jan. 13. (spaceflightnow.com)
  • Peggy Whitson -- NASA Astronaut and Biochemist We continue to recognize 50 Years of Women in Space with STEM Role Model Peggy Whitson. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Peggy Whitson grew up on a farm in Iowa with big dreams of becoming a NASA Astronaut. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Kalpana Chawla -- Aerospace Engineer, NASA Astronaut Born in the small town of Karnal, India, she became hooked on flight when she took her first plane ride in a small craft through the local flying club. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Kalpana Chawla would later become a certified FAA flight instructor, a talented aerospace engineer, and a NASA astronaut. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Comparative Physiologist, Dr. Jessica Meir, selected as a 2013 NASA Astronaut Candidate! (scienceblogs.com)
  • NASA astronaut Scott Kelly can brag about having a green thumb all day long, and we wouldn't mind at all. (engadget.com)
  • At the same time, NASA astronaut John E. Blaha celebrated Thanksgiving on the Russian space station, Mir , with cosmonauts Valeri G. Korzun and Aleksandr Y. Kaleri. (astronomy.com)
  • But the record was broken in 1997 when NASA astronaut David A. Wolf, Russian cosmonauts Anatoli Y. Solovev, and Pavel V. Vinogradov were on Mir. (astronomy.com)
  • This monument dedicated to "Seven Astronauts" who died national heroes as members of the crew of the "Challenger" January 28, 1986 ------------------------------ Erected in their memory by the students of Elizabeth October 22, 1986, Francis R. Scobee Commander NASA Astronaut, Michael J. Smith Lt. Comdr. (hmdb.org)
  • USN NASA Astronaut, Ellison S. Onizuka Lt. Col. USAF NASA Astronaut, Ronald E. McNair Ph. (hmdb.org)
  • D. NASA Astronaut, Judith A. Resnik Ph. (hmdb.org)
  • D. NASA Astronaut, Sharon Christa McAuliffe First Teacher in Space, Gregory B. Jarvis Payload Specalist. (hmdb.org)
  • NASA astronaut Nick Hague has an office with a view to rival anyone on Earth because he can see all of it. (abc15.com)
  • Hague launched to the station as part of Expedition 59 along with NASA astronaut Christina Koch and Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin. (abc15.com)
  • They joined NASA astronaut Anne McClain, Roscosmos station commander Oleg Kononenko and the Canadian Space Agency's David Saint-Jacques, who were already on station. (abc15.com)
  • The crew on board includes NASA's Loral O'Hara, a former research engineer at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts who was selected to the NASA astronaut corps in 2017. (yahoo.com)
  • The MS-22 crew includes NASA astronaut Frank Rubio, whose unexpected extended stay in space broke the US record for the most consecutive days in orbit earlier this month. (yahoo.com)
  • NASA astronaut Loral O'Hara, far left, and Russian Roscosmos cosmonauts Oleg Kononenko and Nikolai Chub, members of the International Space Station (ISS) Expedition 70-71 main crew, walk to report to the head of the Russian space agency Roscosmos during the pre-launch preparations in the Russian leased Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on Friday. (yahoo.com)
  • Every seat in Lundmarkssalen was full, and around 50 additional visitors followed on zoom, as NASA astronaut Jim Pawelczyk gave his talk on Monday afternoon. (lu.se)
  • Jim Pawelczyk is not only a NASA astronaut but also an associate professor of physiology and kinesiology at PennState University studying the effects of microgravity on the human body. (lu.se)
  • When the seven astronauts of space shuttle Endeavour docked Friday afternoon with the six crewmen of the International Space Station, they set a record for the number of space flyers together in the heavens. (go.com)
  • The most recent SpaceX flight arrived at the space station in August, carrying astronauts from NASA, Roscosmos, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and the European Space Agency. (yahoo.com)
  • We go on expeditions on Earth with fellow astronauts for long durations before to get used to this notion that the most important people right now are the few people who are here with me, and I must get along with them. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Space Shuttle astronauts have photographed these dusts storms several times. (nasa.gov)
  • Shuttle astronauts frequently track Saharan dust storms as they blow from north Africa across the Atlantic Ocean. (nasa.gov)
  • The image was taken by Space Shuttle astronauts on July 11, 1994. (nasa.gov)
  • The seven shuttle astronauts floated into the space station, one by one, and embraced their six station colleagues. (go.com)
  • visiting shuttle astronauts will tackle that job in two more months. (pravda.ru)
  • In fact, NASA is working towards sending astronauts to Mars sometime in the 2030's. (scienceblogs.com)
  • But when travelling further into space, such as to an asteroid or Mars, astronauts will be exposed to radiation doses close to NASA's acceptable lifetime limits , upping their chances of developing illnesses from damaged DNA. (newscientist.com)
  • But people with variants of the liver gene CYP2D6 can metabolise drugs such as the painkiller codeine too quickly, potentially leading to an overdose - and there is no hospital en route to Mars. (newscientist.com)
  • Three years ago SINTEF was investigating whether snake robots could help astronauts working on Mars with mobility and access. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Perseverance Mission - Astronaut Charlie is a puzzle game set on Mars. (steampowered.com)
  • On previous missions, a lack of gravity has meant that taste and smell has hindered food preparation, but NASA are ensuring that for missions to Mars, astronauts will be able to chop vegetables, cook and grow plants in a hydroponic solution. (inhabitat.com)
  • The nature of weightlessness, ionizing radiation, and psychological isolation need to be better understood in order to make spaceflight safer for astronauts of the future when we venture off to the Moon, to Mars, and beyond," said former Canadian astronaut Robert Thrisk at the exhibit launch. (psychologytoday.com)
  • We take a look back at NASA's decades of creative methods of astronaut training. (neatorama.com)
  • Members of NASA's newest astronaut class pose with an Orion capsule at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston on Tuesday, Aug. 20, 2013. (nasa.gov)
  • Extraterrestrial Gynecology: Could Spaceflight Increase the Risk of Developing Cancer in Female Astronauts? (bvsalud.org)
  • It can be depressing sometimes if you're not careful," said Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques through a livestreamed broadcast from the International Space Station, as he joined the opening of Health in Space: Daring to Explore . (psychologytoday.com)
  • Canadian Space Agency astronaut David Saint-Jacques works on International Space Station (ISS). (psychologytoday.com)
  • The astronauts are expected to open the hatches between the ISS and Progress 27 at about 6:30 a.m. (livescience.com)
  • Astronauts opened the hatches leading to Dragon's pressurized cargo module later Sunday to begin unpacking experiments, spare parts, food and a spacesuit stowed inside. (spaceflightnow.com)
  • Astronaut is the American name for a person who is trained to explore outer space , planetary moons, etc. in a spacecraft. (conservapedia.com)
  • In a study published Jan. 30, 2017, in Space Weather , scientists from NASA and the National Center for Atmospheric Research, or NCAR, in Boulder, Colorado, have shown that the warning signs of one type of space weather event can be detected tens of minutes earlier than with current forecasting techniques -- critical extra time that could help protect astronauts in space. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Since the ISS is in a constant state of freefall around Earth, astronauts "float" around the station, moving around by grabbing onto things and then pushing themselves off. (sciencedaily.com)
  • The researchers believe this is due to the brain essentially re-learning how to move the legs in freefall, and astronauts are experiencing this every moment they are in space. (extremetech.com)
  • Ancient astronauts, cosmic collisions and other popular theories about man's past. (bvsalud.org)
  • He was a member of the astronaut support crew for Skylab missions and for the 1975 Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, which was the last Apollo mission, and the first joint U.S./Soviet space flight. (livescience.com)
  • In addition to the first shuttle flight, he commanded the shuttle on three missions in the 1980s: He presided over the first five-person crew, STS-7, flew with the first female American astronaut in space, Sally Ride, on STS-41-C and commandeered the first seven-person crew (STS-41-G). He spent 23 days in space over the course of his four shuttle missions. (livescience.com)
  • Roughly half of astronauts have experienced back pain during missions , which is treated in space with exercise and painkillers. (newscientist.com)
  • You may not be in NASA, or even able to do the moonwalk, but you can recreate space missions on your desk with the Astronaut Light . (geekalerts.com)
  • To get ready, astronauts go on other long-duration missions on Earth to learn how to cope with others in confined environments. (psychologytoday.com)
  • I am thrilled that Comparative Physiologist Dr. Jessica Meir, who was featured in a prior post, has been chosen as a 2013 Astronaut Candidate by NASA! (scienceblogs.com)
  • NASA astronauts Andrew Morgan and Jessica Meir will take an unusual - and more exhausting - route home after safely landing in the Kazakh steppe on Friday, a Russian healthcare official said, because of lockdowns caused by the novel coronavirus. (com.pk)
  • As the Space Shuttle Atlantis passed over southern Egypt in mid-March 2001, the STS-102 astronauts were able to document new flooding in the Toshka region west of Lake Nasser. (nasa.gov)
  • An astronaut on the Space Shuttle photographed several wildfires burning in California in August 2001. (nasa.gov)
  • Astronaut Donald Pettit, STS-126 mission specialist, configures the Water Recovery System (WRS) rack in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station while space shuttle Endeavour is docked with the station on Nov. 19, 2008. (space.com)
  • Space station skipper Michael Fincke and Endeavour shuttle astronaut Don Pettit removed a set of washer-like vibration dampeners from a centrifuge used to distill water from urine, which engineers hoped would solve the system's early shutdown woes. (space.com)
  • An astronaut stuck on moon amidst an alien invasion wave. (microsoft.com)
  • This desk lamp, which is powered by your choice of USB or batteries, features a moon as the base with an astronaut "floating" above it. (geekalerts.com)
  • It's a gooseneck lamp, so you can adjust the position of the astronaut as you like above the moon. (geekalerts.com)
  • A desk light like no other, the Astronaut Light features a floating astronaut that can be repositioned around the moon, giving you a perfect space-themed adjustable light for your desk or bedside table. (geekalerts.com)
  • Measuring 13cm high, (approximately 5.1″), the Astronaut Light features a moon base with the astronaut 'floating' above. (geekalerts.com)
  • Plan your own illuminated moon landing with this astronaut lamp. (geekalerts.com)
  • Since gravity is different in space, the astronaut can hover all around the moon. (geekalerts.com)
  • We call this the Moon, and we have explored it using space probes, different landers, and even with the help of the Apollo-astronauts. (lu.se)
  • How the Apollo-astronauts studied the Moon and how we study it today. (lu.se)
  • The astronauts successfully moved two equipment carts to the starboard side of the space station's railcar-like Mobile Transporter. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Guided by laser rangefinders and automated rendezvous algorithms, the capsule flew in range of the space station's robotic arm, and astronaut Mark Vande Hei unlimbered the Canadian-built robot to capture the Dragon cargo craft at 5:57 a.m. (spaceflightnow.com)
  • Astronaut Scott Kelly and his colleagues took on the role of space gardeners, working to coax their seedlings out of the soil and into bloom. (mentalfloss.com)
  • This project sought to locate articles containing data on radiation dosimetry in outer space, to use those data to create a Location Exposure Matrix (LEM) for equivalent radiation doses in extraterrestrial environments, and then apply the LEM to the study of US astronaut mortality between April 1959 and December 2012. (cdc.gov)
  • Data from the LEM were then used to estimate cumulative equivalent radiation doses for 330 US astronauts between April 1959 and December 2012. (cdc.gov)
  • by LarryWhitehair, a friend of Atlantis astronaut Mike Foreman. (space.com)
  • Astronauts Gerald P. Carr, Edward G. Gibson, eating on SkyLab 4. (astronomy.com)
  • Astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) already take supplements to counteract ill effects, such as vitamin D for bone strength. (newscientist.com)
  • On Nov. 23, 2000, astronauts of the Expedition 1 crew celebrated the first Thanksgiving on the International Space Station. (astronomy.com)
  • The latest in the pack is London celebrity chef Heston Blumenthal who is crafting delicacies for British astronaut Tim Peake currently on board the International Space Station (ISS). (spacedaily.com)
  • Two astronauts plan to venture outside the International Space Station Friday, taking over from earlier robotic arm operations to help replace a set of batteries used to store power from one of the lab's four sets of solar arrays. (spaceflightnow.com)
  • Three space station astronauts will participate in two spacewalks over the next week to swap out solar array batteries on the International Space Station. (spaceflightnow.com)
  • Canadian Space Agency astronaut Robert Thrisk works with experiment hardware on International Space Station (ISS). (psychologytoday.com)
  • Astronaut Jeff Williams collects a breath sample for the MARROW experiment on board the International Space Station. (eurekalert.org)
  • It is hoped that this work can be expanded in the near future, and that it may serve as a template for similar work with other routine exposures faced by astronauts as humans continue to explore the solar system. (cdc.gov)
  • Astronauts have to take tests before being assigned a mission. (bartleby.com)
  • Mission Control stressed that the astronaut was in no danger, and that the hole did not penetrate all the layers of his glove. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Mission Control has told Endeavour's astronauts that flight controllers currently don't plan to extend their mission by one extra day to prolong troubleshooting with the troublesome urine processor. (space.com)
  • The first British astronaut to the ISS space station, Peake's mission began in the middle of this month, and the Christmas and New Year treats include dishes to remind him of home during his six-month stint. (spacedaily.com)
  • BEIJING (AP) - China's next space mission will carry three astronauts who will dock with and live inside an experimental orbiting module launched last year, state media said Friday. (salon.com)
  • Though astronauts are separated from significant others on their home world, they never have any time alone on a space mission. (psychologytoday.com)
  • how-astronauts-celebrate-thanksgiving-in-space https://www.astronomy.com/science/how-astronauts-celebrate-thanksgiving-in-space/ How astronauts celebrate Thanksgiving in space The crew on the ISS will enjoy turkey, duck, quail, seafood, pizza, hummus, and salsa with chocolate, pumpkin spice cappuccinos, and mochi. (astronomy.com)
  • At this time, the STS-87 crew was also in orbit on the Columbia orbiter, setting the record for nine astronauts in space on Thanksgiving Day. (astronomy.com)
  • He made the trip wearing just his Manned Maneuvering Unit, that jetpacklike device astronauts use on spacewalks. (livescience.com)
  • Astronauts will also go on five spacewalks, replacing batteries and installing other components. (go.com)
  • Ancient Aliens and Ancient Astronaut Theory Mark P. Robertson Educational Planning Course "Critical Issue Project" Empire State College Mary Ellen Shaughnessy June 17, 2011 There has been a lot of commotion lately between both the scientific and religious communities in regards to this topic. (bartleby.com)
  • Ancient Astronauts were believed to have helped the Egyptian civilization construct the great Pyramids. (bartleby.com)
  • If I had to choose an occupation in science I believe that I would be an Ancient astronaut theories. (bartleby.com)
  • Scientists working in the region used spectral analysis of an astronaut photograph digitized from film to identify areas where woodland vegetation had been heavily damaged by the elephants. (nasa.gov)
  • A better understanding of astronaut brains could help scientists figure out how neuroplasticity works. (extremetech.com)
  • Scientists have proven that the warning signs of one type of space weather event can be detected up to 17 minutes before it arrives at Earth -- critical time that could help protect astronauts in space. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Due to these changes of space environment from that of the Earth, astronauts will face the changes on their body and health, some of the changes would be negative. (bartleby.com)
  • Astronauts carry out experiments sent to them in boxes by their colleagues on Earth, and these experiments have to be carried out in a state of weightlessness. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Michelin-starred chefs are vying to create Christmas delights for astronauts spending the festive season 400 kilometres away from Earth and their families. (spacedaily.com)
  • Ducasse said German atsronaut Thomas Reiter, one of the first to savour these specially made dishes, "told me that this was a way for astronauts to keep touch with Earth," Ducasse said. (spacedaily.com)
  • From Baikonur, US astronauts will take a 300km drive to the city of Kzylorda, where they will board a NASA aircraft, he said, adding hours of exhausting land travel after 205 days in space, 3,280 orbits of Earth and a trip of 86.9 million miles. (com.pk)
  • Earth's magnetic field and atmosphere protect us on the ground from most of the harmful effects of space weather, but astronauts in low-Earth orbit -- or even, one day, in interplanetary space -- are more exposed to space weather, including bursts of fast-moving particles called solar energetic particles, or SEPs. (sciencedaily.com)
  • The book's title invokes an iconic image of the earth as seen from space by the Apollo astronauts. (cdc.gov)
  • She set records among American Astronauts for spending the most time in space. (scienceblogs.com)
  • The space shuttle has launched 134 times during its 30 years of service, and in that time it has ferried more than 540 astronauts into space. (livescience.com)
  • It'll take some time before any astronaut gets to eat a space-grown tomato, as NASA isn't planning to send seeds to the ISS until 2018. (engadget.com)
  • The space station has been home to only two astronauts at a time since 2003, one fewer than usual because of the grounding of the shuttle fleet. (pravda.ru)
  • Blumenthal, who is known for using science in his cooking, said the challenge was to create gravity-defying but delicious food -- which for astronauts is usually dry-frozen, dehydrated or thermo-treated. (spacedaily.com)
  • We've long been familiar with the traditional astronauts' fare of liquid meals and freeze-dried food stuffs-oh, and Tang-but when considering plans to send astronauts further afield and beyond the reach of supply vessels, the AFT has found it must create healthier space-meals and methods to grow food in zero-gravity. (inhabitat.com)
  • Since then, astronauts have conducted a number of successful gardening experiments, including a memorable 'talking' zucchini plant that kept a diary . (mentalfloss.com)
  • BLOODLETTING and vitamin pills are the future for astronaut health regimes. (newscientist.com)
  • She was the first Indian American Astronaut and the first Indian-born woman in space. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Sally Ride was already a notable American physicist before she began her rather unorthodox path to becoming a space shuttle astronaut. (livescience.com)
  • Saint-Jacques' candid discussion of the psychological challenges of living in space is in stark contrast to the heroic "Right Stuff" image of the 1960s that NASA used to portray of American astronauts, downplaying the stresses experienced by the earliest spacefarers. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The astronauts returned from the record-setting flight after Russian diplomats had threatened to leave the American in space. (israelnationalnews.com)
  • Rubio will also become the first American astronaut to spend a full calendar year in space. (yahoo.com)
  • Because of the weightless conditions in which they live, the astronauts have to eat most of their meals from a can or aluminium envelope with a fork or spoon or risk their lunch flying all over the place. (spacedaily.com)
  • These are the astronauts' main tasks, but they also have their work cut out inspecting and maintaining all the equipment needed to keep the space station in operation. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Jasper Rine of the University of California, Berkeley, says Schmidt and Goodwin's proposal makes sense in principle, but we don't yet know enough about gene variations to predict which astronauts will have gene-based health problems. (newscientist.com)
  • Astronauts must cope with a stressful and dangerous environment in space, away from family and friends, by working together, said two astronauts at the opening of a new exhibit on space health. (psychologytoday.com)
  • I really enjoyed learning more about her life story in this video and I am looking forward to hearing more about her accomplishments as an Astronaut in the years to come. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Atlantisshuttle astronauts Randy Bresnik - whose new daughter Abigail was bornlate Saturday back home - and Robert Satcher, Jr. plan to spend about 6 1/2hours working outside the station to install a new oxygen gas tank, materialsexperiment and other gear. (space.com)
  • Astronauts who have spent months in microgravity have more liquid in their brains, which may affect their vision even after they get back home. (newscientist.com)