A plant genus in the family FABACEAE, subfamily Papilionaceae, order Fabales, subclass Rosidae. Many of the species are associated with poisoning of grazing animals. Some of the species are used medicinally.
A plant species of the Astragalus genus which is source of Huang qi preparation used in TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Poisoning by the ingestion of plants or its leaves, berries, roots or stalks. The manifestations in both humans and animals vary in severity from mild to life threatening. In animals, especially domestic animals, it is usually the result of ingesting moldy or fermented forage.
Astragalus gummifer Labill. is the source of gum TRAGACANTH.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
New immature growth of a plant including stem, leaves, tips of branches, and SEEDLINGS.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
Triterpenes are a class of naturally occurring compounds consisting of six isoprene units arranged to form a 30-carbon skeleton, often found in plants and some animals, with various bioactivities including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and cytotoxic properties.
A plant species of the genus STEPHANIA, family MENISPERMACEAE, that contains tetrandrine and bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain SWAINSONINE.

Determination of astragaloside IV in Radix astragali (Astragalus membranaceus var. monghulicus) using high-performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light-scattering detection. (1/90)

A reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method is developed for the determination of astragaloside IV, a characteristic constituent in Radix Astragali. Samples are analyzed by means of a reverse-phase column (Zorbax Eclipse XDB C18) using acetonitrile and water under gradient conditions as the mobile phase for 30 min. An evaporative light-scattering detector is used and set at an evaporating temperature of 43 degrees C with a nebulizing gas (compressed air) pressure of 3.4 bar. The detection limit (signal-to-noise ratio > 5) of astragaloside IV is 40 ng on-column.  (+info)

Trojanosides I-K: new cycloartane-type glycosides from the aerial parts of Astragalus trojanus. (2/90)

Three new cycloartane-type triterpene glycosides have been isolated from the aerial parts of Astragalus trojanus. The structures were established mainly by a combination of one- and two-dimensional NMR techniques [1H-1H-correlation spectroscopy (COSY), 1H-13C-heteronuclear multiple quantum correlation spectroscopy (HMQC), and 1H-13C-heteronuclear multiple-bond correlation spectroscopy (HMBC)] and high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS) as 3-O-beta-(2',3'-di-O-acetyl)-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-16-O- acetoxy-20(R),24(S)-epoxycycloartane-3beta,6alpha,16beta,25-tetrol, 3-0-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-(3',4'-di-O-acetyl)-D-xylopyranosyll-6- O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-20(R),24(S)-epoxycycloartane-3p,6alpha,16beta,25-tetrol, 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-6,16-di-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-20(R)24(S)-epoxycycloart ane-3beta,6alpha,16beta,25-tetrol.  (+info)

Astragalus mongholicus and Angelica sinensis compound alleviates nephrotic hyperlipidemia in rats. (3/90)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism of lipid-lowering effect of the Astragalus mongholicus and Angelica sinensis compound (A&A) on nephrotic hyperlipidemia in rats. METHODS: Rats with nephrotic syndrome from accelerated nephrotoxic serum nephritis were used. They were divided into two groups: A&A treatment group and nephrotic control group. Normal rats were used as a normal control group. Serum lipids, serum lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) were assayed biochemically and enzymatically. mRNAs of hepatic hydroxy-methyl glutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-CoA-R) and low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) were assessed by Northern blot. RESULTS: In nephrotic control group hyperlipidemia was found. The activities of serum LPL and LCAT were low. Hepatic HMG-CoA-R mRNA increased temporarily at the early stage while LDL-R mRNA decreased gradually. In A&A treatment group, serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) were significantly lower than those in nephrotic control group. There was no change in the amount of hepatic HMG-CoA-R mRNA, but hepatic LDL-R mRNA and activities of serum LPL and LCAT increased significantly. CONCLUSIONS: A&A alleviates hyperlipidemia considerably in nephrotic rats. A&A improves disorders of lipid metabolism perhaps through up-regulating the expression of hepatic LDL-R gene and through increasing the activities of serum LPL and LCAT.  (+info)

Conditioning taste aversions to locoweed (Oxytropis sericea) in horses. (4/90)

Locoweed (Oxytropis sericea) is a serious poisoning problem for horses grazing on infested rangelands in the western United States. Our objectives were to determine 1) whether lithium chloride or apomorphine would condition aversions to palatable foods, and at what doses, and 2) whether horses could be averted to fresh locoweed in a pen and grazing situation. Apomorphine was not an acceptable aversive agent because at the dose required to condition an aversion (> or = 0.17 mg/kg BW), apomorphine induced unacceptable behavioral effects. Lithium chloride given via stomach tube at 190 mg/kg BW conditioned strong and persistent aversions to palatable feeds with minor signs of distress. Pen and grazing tests were conducted in Colorado to determine if horses could be averted to fresh locoweed. Pen tests indicated that most horses (5/6) were completely averted from locoweed. Treated horses ate 34 g of fresh locoweed compared to 135 g for controls (P < 0.01) during three pen tests when offered 150 g per test. One horse (T) in the treatment group ate locoweed each time it was offered in the pen, but ate no locoweed while grazing. In the grazing trial, control horses averaged 8.6% of bites of locoweed (P < 0.01) during the grazing portion of the study, whereas treated horses averaged <0.5%. One treated horse (S) accounted for all consumption; he consumed 15% of his bites as locoweed in a grazing bout on d 2 of the field study. Thereafter, he was dosed a second time with lithium chloride and ate no locoweed in the subsequent 5 d. Three of six horses required two pairings of lithium chloride with fresh locoweed to condition a complete aversion. The results of this study indicate that horses can be averted from locoweed using lithium chloride as an aversive agent, and this may provide a management tool to reduce the risk of intoxication for horses grazing locoweed-infested rangeland.  (+info)

Identification of a gene associated with astragalus and angelica's renal protective effects by silver staining mRNA differential display. (5/90)

OBJECTIVE: To identify genes associated with the chronic progression of renal disease and a stragalus and angelica (A&A)'s renal protective effects. METHODS: The technique of silver staining mRNA differential display (DD) was used to investigate changes of gene expression in normal, sclerotic and A&A treated sclerotic kidneys. We isolated genes differentially expressed during the progression of renal disease which could be normalized by A&A. RESULTS: Several genes related to A&A's protective effects were isolated and one of them was confirmed by Northern blot. CONCLUSION: Silver staining mRNA differential display is a simple and effective technique for isolating differentially expressed genes. The isolated new gene may be related to the progression of chronic renal disease and contribute to A&A's protective effects.  (+info)

Reducing fatigue of athletes following oral administration of huangqi jianzhong tang. (6/90)

AIM: To study the effect of Huangqi Jianzhong Tang in reducing fatigue improvement in athletes. METHODS: Twelve athletes were randomly separated into a control group, whose members were administered with placebos, and the experimental group, whose members were administered with Huangqi Jianzhong Tang. During the eight weeks of the experiment, test subjects continued exercise as usual. Preliminary and final exhaustion times, anaerobic thresholds, and kinetic energies were determined. RESULTS: Huangqi Jianzhong Tang might increase exhaustion time, positively influence anaerobic threshold, and also enhance recovery from fatigue. CONCLUSION: Huangqi Jianzhong Tang reduced fatigue by increasing the oxygen uptake and the systemic utility of oxygen.  (+info)

Chemical form and distribution of selenium and sulfur in the selenium hyperaccumulator Astragalus bisulcatus. (7/90)

In its natural habitat, Astragalus bisulcatus can accumulate up to 0.65% (w/w) selenium (Se) in its shoot dry weight. X-ray absorption spectroscopy has been used to examine the selenium biochemistry of A. bisulcatus. High concentrations of the nonprotein amino acid Se-methylseleno-cysteine (Cys) are present in young leaves of A. bisulcatus, but in more mature leaves, the Se-methylseleno-Cys concentration is lower, and selenate predominates. Seleno-Cys methyltransferase is the enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of Se-methylseleno-Cys from seleno-Cys and S-methyl-methionine. Seleno-Cys methyltransferase is found to be expressed in A. bisulcatus leaves of all ages, and thus the biosynthesis of Se-methylseleno-Cys in older leaves is limited earlier in the metabolic pathway, probably by an inability to chemically reduce selenate. A comparative study of sulfur (S) and Se in A. bisulcatus using x-ray absorption spectroscopy indicates similar trends for oxidized and reduced Se and S species, but also indicates that the proportions of these differ significantly. These results also indicate that sulfate and selenate reduction are developmentally correlated, and they suggest important differences between S and Se biochemistries.  (+info)

Tannic acid is an inhibitor of CXCL12 (SDF-1alpha)/CXCR4 with antiangiogenic activity. (8/90)

PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests that interaction between the chemoattractant CXCL12/stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha and its receptor CXCR4 plays a pivotal role in the metastasis of various tumors. Our previous studies showed that multi-component Chinese herbal medicines inhibited the effects of CXCL12/CXCR4. As a result of sequential chromatographic fractionation of one herbal medicine ingredient, Lianqiao (fruit of Forsythia suspensa), we observed that tannins were, at least in part, responsible for this activity. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-CXCL12/CXCR4 activity of a commercial tannic acid and evaluate its potential to inhibit tumor cell migration and angiogenesis in vitro. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The inhibitory effect of tannic acid on CXCL12/CXCR4 was measured by chemotaxis assay, ligand binding assay, and fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis. The antiangiogenic effect of tannic acid was assessed by in vitro endothelial cell tube formation. RESULTS: Tannic acid, at nontoxic concentrations, specifically inhibited CXCL12-induced human monocyte migration (IC(50), 7.5 micro g/ml) but did not inhibit CCL2-, CCL3-, CCL5-, formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (fMLP)-, or C5a-induced migration. The compound markedly blocked CXCL12 binding to THP-1 cells (IC(50), 0.36 micro g/ml). Tannic acid also inhibited CXCL12-induced, but not epidermal growth factor-induced, migration of MDA 231 breast tumor cells. Additionally, 0.5 micro g/ml of tannic acid selectively inhibited CXCL12-mediated, but not basic fibroblast growth factor- or endothelial cell growth supplement-mediated, bovine aorta endothelial cell capillary tube formation. CONCLUSION: These studies indicate that tannic acid is a novel selective CXCL12/CXCR4 antagonist and consequently may provide a mechanistic basis for the reported antitumor and anti-inflammatory properties of tannic acid.  (+info)

Astragalus membranaceus, also known as Astragalus propinquus, is a plant that is native to China and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. It is often referred to simply as "astragalus" and its root is used in herbal remedies.

In traditional Chinese medicine, astragalus is considered to have warming and drying properties, and is often used to strengthen the body's defenses, or "wei qi," which is believed to help protect against external pathogens. It is also used to treat a variety of conditions, including fatigue, weakness, and respiratory infections.

In modern scientific research, astragalus has been studied for its potential immune-boosting, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects. Some studies have suggested that it may help to improve immune function, reduce inflammation, and protect against oxidative stress. However, more research is needed to confirm these potential benefits and determine the optimal dosage and safety of astragalus supplements.

It's important to note that astragalus should not be used as a substitute for conventional medical treatment, and anyone considering taking it as a supplement should speak with their healthcare provider first to discuss the potential risks and benefits.

Astragalus membranaceus is a plant species native to China, Mongolia, and Korea. In traditional Chinese medicine, the root of this plant is known as "Huang Qi" and has been used for centuries for its immunostimulant and adaptogenic properties.

The active components of Astragalus membranaceus include polysaccharides, saponins, flavonoids, and trace elements. Modern research suggests that this herb may have potential health benefits in various areas, such as:

1. Boosting the immune system: Astragalus membranaceus has been shown to stimulate the production and activity of immune cells, including natural killer (NK) cells, T-cells, and B-cells. This may help enhance the body's ability to fight off infections and diseases.
2. Anti-inflammatory effects: The plant contains anti-inflammatory compounds that may help reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms associated with conditions like arthritis, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease.
3. Cardiovascular health: Astragalus membranaceus has been found to have cardioprotective effects, such as improving heart function, reducing oxidative stress, and lowering blood pressure in some studies.
4. Antioxidant properties: The herb contains antioxidants that may help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals, which can contribute to aging and chronic diseases.
5. Neuroprotection: Some research suggests that Astragalus membranaceus may have neuroprotective effects, potentially helping to prevent or treat neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
6. Diabetes management: Preliminary studies indicate that this herb might help regulate blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity in people with diabetes.

It is essential to consult a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement, including Astragalus membranaceus, especially if you have pre-existing medical conditions or are taking medications.

Genetically modified plants (GMPs) are plants that have had their DNA altered through genetic engineering techniques to exhibit desired traits. These modifications can be made to enhance certain characteristics such as increased resistance to pests, improved tolerance to environmental stresses like drought or salinity, or enhanced nutritional content. The process often involves introducing genes from other organisms, such as bacteria or viruses, into the plant's genome. Examples of GMPs include Bt cotton, which has a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis that makes it resistant to certain pests, and golden rice, which is engineered to contain higher levels of beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A. It's important to note that genetically modified plants are subject to rigorous testing and regulation to ensure their safety for human consumption and environmental impact before they are approved for commercial use.

Chinese herbal drugs, also known as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), refer to a system of medicine that has been practiced in China for thousands of years. It is based on the belief that the body's vital energy, called Qi, must be balanced and flowing freely for good health. TCM uses various techniques such as herbal therapy, acupuncture, dietary therapy, and exercise to restore balance and promote healing.

Chinese herbal drugs are usually prescribed in the form of teas, powders, pills, or tinctures and may contain one or a combination of herbs. The herbs used in Chinese medicine are typically derived from plants, minerals, or animal products. Some commonly used Chinese herbs include ginseng, astragalus, licorice root, and cinnamon bark.

It is important to note that the use of Chinese herbal drugs should be under the guidance of a qualified practitioner, as some herbs can interact with prescription medications or have side effects. Additionally, the quality and safety of Chinese herbal products can vary widely depending on the source and manufacturing process.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

A plant root is not a medical term per se, but it is a term from botany, which is the study of plants. However, I can certainly provide a definition for you.

Plant roots are the underground organs of a plant that typically grow downward into the soil. They serve several important functions, including:

1. Anchorage: Roots help to stabilize the plant and keep it upright in the ground.
2. Absorption: Roots absorb water and nutrients from the soil, which are essential for the plant's growth and development.
3. Conduction: Roots conduct water and nutrients up to the above-ground parts of the plant, such as the stem and leaves.
4. Vegetative reproduction: Some plants can reproduce vegetatively through their roots, producing new plants from root fragments or specialized structures called rhizomes or tubers.

Roots are composed of several different tissues, including the epidermis, cortex, endodermis, and vascular tissue. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the root, which secretes a waxy substance called suberin that helps to prevent water loss. The cortex is the middle layer of the root, which contains cells that store carbohydrates and other nutrients. The endodermis is a thin layer of cells that surrounds the vascular tissue and regulates the movement of water and solutes into and out of the root. The vascular tissue consists of xylem and phloem, which transport water and nutrients throughout the plant.

I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Plant leaves" are not a medical term, but rather a general biological term referring to a specific organ found in plants.

Leaves are organs that are typically flat and broad, and they are the primary site of photosynthesis in most plants. They are usually green due to the presence of chlorophyll, which is essential for capturing sunlight and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis.

While leaves do not have a direct medical definition, understanding their structure and function can be important in various medical fields, such as pharmacognosy (the study of medicinal plants) or environmental health. For example, certain plant leaves may contain bioactive compounds that have therapeutic potential, while others may produce allergens or toxins that can impact human health.

Plant poisoning is a form of poisoning that occurs when someone ingests, inhales, or comes into contact with any part of a plant that contains toxic substances. These toxins can cause a range of symptoms, depending on the type and amount of plant consumed or exposed to, as well as the individual's age, health status, and sensitivity to the toxin.

Symptoms of plant poisoning may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, skin rashes, seizures, or in severe cases, even death. Some common plants that can cause poisoning include poison ivy, poison oak, foxglove, oleander, and hemlock, among many others.

If you suspect plant poisoning, it is important to seek medical attention immediately and bring a sample of the plant or information about its identity if possible. This will help healthcare providers diagnose and treat the poisoning more effectively.

'Astragalus gummifer' is a plant species native to the Middle East, particularly in Iran and Afghanistan. It is also known by other names such as Tragacanth gum or Goat's thorn. The plant produces a resinous sap known as tragacanth, which is collected and used in various industries.

Medically, tragacanth from 'Astragalus gummifer' has been used in traditional medicine for its demulcent, emollient, and laxative properties. It contains a mixture of polysaccharides that can help soothe irritated tissues, particularly in the digestive tract. However, there is limited scientific evidence to support its effectiveness for specific medical conditions.

It's important to note that while 'Astragalus gummifer' has potential medicinal uses, it should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional due to the lack of comprehensive research and potential risks or interactions with other medications.

"Plant proteins" refer to the proteins that are derived from plant sources. These can include proteins from legumes such as beans, lentils, and peas, as well as proteins from grains like wheat, rice, and corn. Other sources of plant proteins include nuts, seeds, and vegetables.

Plant proteins are made up of individual amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. While animal-based proteins typically contain all of the essential amino acids that the body needs to function properly, many plant-based proteins may be lacking in one or more of these essential amino acids. However, by consuming a variety of plant-based foods throughout the day, it is possible to get all of the essential amino acids that the body needs from plant sources alone.

Plant proteins are often lower in calories and saturated fat than animal proteins, making them a popular choice for those following a vegetarian or vegan diet, as well as those looking to maintain a healthy weight or reduce their risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Additionally, plant proteins have been shown to have a number of health benefits, including improving gut health, reducing inflammation, and supporting muscle growth and repair.

Saponins are a type of naturally occurring chemical compound found in various plants, including soapwords, ginseng, and many others. They are known for their foaming properties, similar to that of soap, which gives them their name "saponin" derived from the Latin word "sapo" meaning soap.

Medically, saponins have been studied for their potential health benefits, including their ability to lower cholesterol levels, reduce inflammation, and boost the immune system. However, they can also have toxic effects in high concentrations, causing gastrointestinal disturbances and potentially damaging red blood cells.

Saponins are typically found in the cell walls of plants and can be extracted through various methods for use in pharmaceuticals, food additives, and cosmetics.

Medicinal plants are defined as those plants that contain naturally occurring chemical compounds which can be used for therapeutic purposes, either directly or indirectly. These plants have been used for centuries in various traditional systems of medicine, such as Ayurveda, Chinese medicine, and Native American medicine, to prevent or treat various health conditions.

Medicinal plants contain a wide variety of bioactive compounds, including alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenes, and saponins, among others. These compounds have been found to possess various pharmacological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities.

Medicinal plants can be used in various forms, including whole plant material, extracts, essential oils, and isolated compounds. They can be administered through different routes, such as oral, topical, or respiratory, depending on the desired therapeutic effect.

It is important to note that while medicinal plants have been used safely and effectively for centuries, they should be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional. Some medicinal plants can interact with prescription medications or have adverse effects if used inappropriately.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Lespedeza" is not a medical term. It is a genus of plants commonly known as bush clover or lespedeza. These plants are native to warm temperate and subtropical regions of the world, including parts of North America, Asia, and Africa. They have been used in some traditional medicine practices, but there is no widely recognized medical definition associated with "Lespedeza." If you have any questions related to a specific medical term or concept, I'd be happy to help if I can!

A gene in plants, like in other organisms, is a hereditary unit that carries genetic information from one generation to the next. It is a segment of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) that contains the instructions for the development and function of an organism. Genes in plants determine various traits such as flower color, plant height, resistance to diseases, and many others. They are responsible for encoding proteins and RNA molecules that play crucial roles in the growth, development, and reproduction of plants. Plant genes can be manipulated through traditional breeding methods or genetic engineering techniques to improve crop yield, enhance disease resistance, and increase nutritional value.

A medical definition for "plant shoots" may not be readily available, as the term is primarily used in botany and horticulture. However, I can provide you with a general definition:

Plant shoots refer to the above-ground portion of a plant, which typically includes structures like stems, leaves, flowers, and buds. Shoots originate from the seed or the growing tip of the plant and are responsible for photosynthesis, nutrient absorption, and reproduction. In some contexts, "plant shoots" might also refer to new growth that emerges from an existing plant, such as when a leaf or stem sprouts a new branch or flower.

DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic material present in the cells of all living organisms, including plants. In plants, DNA is located in the nucleus of a cell, as well as in chloroplasts and mitochondria. Plant DNA contains the instructions for the development, growth, and function of the plant, and is passed down from one generation to the next through the process of reproduction.

The structure of DNA is a double helix, formed by two strands of nucleotides that are linked together by hydrogen bonds. Each nucleotide contains a sugar molecule (deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. There are four types of nitrogenous bases in DNA: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). Adenine pairs with thymine, and guanine pairs with cytosine, forming the rungs of the ladder that make up the double helix.

The genetic information in DNA is encoded in the sequence of these nitrogenous bases. Large sequences of bases form genes, which provide the instructions for the production of proteins. The process of gene expression involves transcribing the DNA sequence into a complementary RNA molecule, which is then translated into a protein.

Plant DNA is similar to animal DNA in many ways, but there are also some differences. For example, plant DNA contains a higher proportion of repetitive sequences and transposable elements, which are mobile genetic elements that can move around the genome and cause mutations. Additionally, plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts, which are not present in animal cells, and these structures contain their own DNA.

Triterpenes are a type of natural compound that are composed of six isoprene units and have the molecular formula C30H48. They are synthesized through the mevalonate pathway in plants, fungi, and some insects, and can be found in a wide variety of natural sources, including fruits, vegetables, and medicinal plants.

Triterpenes have diverse structures and biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and cytotoxic effects. Some triterpenes are also used in traditional medicine, such as glycyrrhizin from licorice root and betulinic acid from the bark of birch trees.

Triterpenes can be further classified into various subgroups based on their carbon skeletons, including squalene, lanostane, dammarane, and ursane derivatives. Some triterpenes are also modified through various biochemical reactions to form saponins, steroids, and other compounds with important biological activities.

Stephania tetrandra is not a medical condition or term, but rather a botanical name for a plant species also known as Han Fang Ji or Fangji in traditional Chinese medicine. The roots of this plant are used in herbal remedies to treat various health issues, particularly focusing on its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is often prescribed for conditions like joint pain, arthritis, and allergies. However, it's essential to consult with healthcare professionals before starting any herbal treatments, as they can interact with other medications or have potential side effects.

Oxytropis is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It is native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, primarily in North America and Asia. Some common names for Oxytropis include locoweeds and wild peas.

In a medical context, Oxytropis species are most well-known for containing toxic alkaloids that can cause serious poisoning in livestock, particularly cattle, sheep, and goats. The toxins, including swainsonine and other indolizidine alkaloids, can affect the nervous system and cause symptoms such as weakness, tremors, blindness, and ultimately death.

While Oxytropis poisoning is not a direct concern for human health, it is important for medical professionals to be aware of its potential impact on animal health in rural and agricultural communities.

Zion milkvetch Astragalus testiculatus Astragalus glycyphyllos Astragalus alpinus Astragalus dasyanthus Astragalus species are ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Astragalus. Astragalus - Genus of vascular plants Astragalus - Clinical summary and ... Anderson's milkvetch Astragalus anemophilus - San Quintin Dune milkvetch Astragalus anisus Astragalus annularis Astragalus ... Douglas's milkvetch Astragalus ehrenbergii Astragalus ertterae - Walker Pass milkvetch Astragalus falcatus Astragalus filipes ...
Plant Biosystems. 151 (6): 1082-1093. doi:10.1080/11263504.2016.1244120. ISSN 1126-3504. S2CID 89240184. Mirzaei, Leila; ... Astragalus cysticalyx is a species of milkvetch in the family Fabaceae. Moghaddam, M.; Kazempour Osaloo, S.; Hosseiny, H.; ...
Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 19 January 2022. "Astragalus racemosus". Plant Database. Lady ... Astragalus racemosus, the cream milkvetch, is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae. It is native to central ... Plants described in 1813, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs). ... Mexico Northeast Astragalus racemosus var. treleasei Ced.Porter - Colorado, Utah, Wyoming "Astragalus racemosus Pursh". ...
"Astragalus kirrindicus Boiss". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved ... "Astragalus kirrindicus Boiss. - the Plant List". v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from ... Astragalus kirrindicus is a species of milkvetch in the family Fabaceae. It is native to Iraq and Iran. " ... "Astragalus kirrindicus Boiss". World Flora Online. The World Flora Online Consortium. n.d. Retrieved September 4, 2020. " ...
... Archived October 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Center for Plant Conservation. "USDA Plants Database". ... Astragalus hypoxylus is a rare species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Huachuca milkvetch, or ... The fruit is a yellow and purple legume pod about 1 cm (0.39 in). This Astragalus looks so different from other species that it ... This plant grows in woodlands dominated by Emory oak (Quercus emoryi), Mexican blue oak (Q. oblongifolia), alligator juniper ( ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the large legume genus Astragalus (Fabaceae). It is native to central ... "Astragalus bakaliensis Bunge , Plants of the World Online , Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2023-07-31. " ... "Astragalus bakaliensis Bunge". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2021-01-02. " ... "Astragalus bakaliensis Bunge". International Plant Names Index. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Gunnison milkvetch. It is ... "Colorado Rare Plant Guide". Archived from the original on 2022-09-03. Retrieved 2019-10-13. USDA Plants Profile (All articles ... The plant is mainly found in the lower elevations of this range, in open habitat between large shrubs. The land is covered in ... This plant is a small perennial herb growing from a woody taproot. The caudex is clothed with the remains of previous seasons' ...
USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Astragalus plattensis". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant ... "Astragalus plattensis Nutt". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 8 December 2018. "Astragalus ... Astragalus, Flora of the United States, Plants described in 1838, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs). ... Astragalus plattensis, the Platte River milkvetch, is a species of flowering plant in the legume family, Fabaceae, native to ...
Montana Native Plant Society. ISBN 978-0-692-83690-3. Canby, W.M. 1890. Astragalus Tweedyi n. sp. in Some Western Plants. Bot. ... Astragalus tweedyi in USDA Plants Database "Astragalus tweedyi in NatureServe Explorer Federal Register: 50 Fed. Reg. 39073 ( ... Astragalus, Perennial plants, Plants described in 1890, Columbia River, Yakima County, Washington, Taxa named by William ... Astragalus tweedyi is a much-branched sparsely hairy perennial herb to 50 cm (20 in) high. Leaves are 5-6 cm (2.0-2.4 in) long ...
The red book plants of the republic of Armenia. 2010. p. 275. ISBN 978-99941-2-420-6. v t e (Articles with short description, ... Astragalus paradoxus is a species of milkvetch in the family Fabaceae.Endangered species with fragmented area of distribution. ... Perennial, almost glabrous plant. Stems very abbreviated, subterranean, densely covered with fibrose remains of petioles of the ... Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Astragalus, Taxa named by Alexander von ...
USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Astragalus crassicarpus". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant ... "Astragalus crassicarpus Nutt". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved December 9, 2018. "Astragalus ... The Omaha and Ponca used the plant to prepare corn seed for planting. The Dakota ate the fruit right off of the plant and the ... Astragalus crassicarpus, known as ground plum or buffalo plum, is a perennial species of flowering plant in the legume family, ...
"Astragalus albanicus Grossh". "Astragalus albanicus Grossh." The International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2023-04-03. v t e ( ... "Astragalus geminus Maassoumi". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2023-04-03. " ... Astragalus geminus, synonym Astragalus albanicus, is a species of milkvetch that is native to the east Caucasus. Under the ... The replacement name Astragalus geminus was published in 1998. Hadjiev, V. (2014). "Astragalus albanicus". The IUCN Red List of ...
iodanthus, synonym Astragalus iodanthus, is a variety of Astragalus lentiginosus, a flowering plant in the legume family, ... Astragalus iodanthus. USDA PLANTS. Astragalus iodanthus. NatureServe. 2012. A. iodanthus var. iodanthus. The Jepson eFlora 2013 ... "Astragalus lentiginosus var. iodanthus (S.Watson) J.A.Alexander". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ... Astragalus iodanthus. The Jepson eFlora 2013. "Astragalus iodanthus". v t e (Articles with short description, Short description ...
... California Native Plant Society Rare Plant Inventory: Astragalus lemmonii Astragalus lemmonii - Photo ... Close relatives of this particular species include Astragalus peckii and Astragalus lentiformis. The plant is a perennial plant ... Astragalus lemmonii, the Lemmon's milkvetch, is a rare plant of eastern California. It is a member of the bean family, the ... Spellenberg, Richard (1993). "Astragalus". In James C. Hickman (ed.). The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. ...
The plants then die back to their roots between late May and mid-June Not all plants produce flowers. Usually, plants that have ... Plant guide for Holmgren milkvetch (Astragalus holmgreniorum). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Idaho Plant ... Astragalus holmgreniorum and Astragalus ampullarioides Recovery Plan. September 2006. "USDA Plants Database". The Nature ... Astragalus holmgreniorum is a short-lived plant. They experience low survivorship from germination to one-year-old juvenile or ...
Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs, United States stubs, Medicinal plant ... Astragalus amphioxys, common name crescent milkvetch, is a plant found in the American southwest, including the whole of Utah, ... Astragalus amphioxys has 4 subspecies: Astragalus amphioxys var. amphioxys native to Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico, ... Astragalus amphioxys var. modestus native to Nevada, Utah, and Arizona, critically endangered. Astragalus amphioxys var. ...
... (marsh milk vetch, loco weed) USDA Plants Profile for Astragalus pycnostachyus (marsh milk vetch) ... competition from non-native plants such as ice plant, and herbivory by the milk snail Otala lactea. Astragalus pycnostachyus ... lanosissimus Archived August 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine California Native Plant Society: Astragalus pycnostachyus var. ... lanosissimus Calflora Database: Astragalus pycnostachyus var. pycnostachyus Jepson Manual Treatment of Astragalus pycnostachyus ...
Astragalus, Plants described in 1984, Flora of Nevada, Flora of Utah, Flora of Idaho, Endangered plants, All stub articles, ... "USDA Plants Database". The Nature Conservancy[permanent dead link] Atwood, N. D., et al. (1984). New Astragalus (Leguminosae) ... Astragalus anserinus, also called the Goose Creek milkvetch, is a member of the genus Astragalus that is listed as a candidate ... John Platt (Sep 14, 2009). "Rare plant worthy of Endangered Species Act protection--But won't get it". Scientific American. U.S ...
Plants described in 1832, Flora without expected TNC conservation status, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs). ... Astragalus agrestis is a species of milkvetch known by the common names purple milkvetch, purple loco, and field milkvetch. It ... "USDA Plants Database". Barr, Claude A. (1983). Jewels of the plains : wild flowers of the Great Plains grasslands and hills. ... ISBN 0-8166-1127-0. Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile Montana PlantLife Profile v t e (Articles with short ...
"USDA Plants Database". Jepson Manual Treatment - Astragalus austiniae USDA Plants Profile Astragalus austiniae - Photo gallery ... It is a plant of the alpine climate of the high mountains, where it tolerates exposed areas. Astragalus austiniae is a dwarfed ... Astragalus austiniae is a species of milkvetch known by the common name Austin's milkvetch. It is native to the Sierra Nevada ... "NatureServe Explorer". NatureServe Explorer Astragalus austiniae. NatureServe. 2022. Retrieved 22 May 2022. " ...
... , synonym Astragalus montii, is a rare variety of flowering plant in the legume family. It is ... USDA Plants Profile. Astragalus limnocharis var. montii. The Nature Conservancy. USFWS. Final rule to determine Astragalus ... "Astragalus limnocharis var. montii (S.L.Welsh) Isely". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2023- ... Astragalus montii. Archived October 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Center for Plant Conservation. Geer, S. M., et al. (1995 ...
"USDA Plants Database". "Notes on poisoning: Astragalus bisulcatus". Canadian Poisonous Plants Information System. Government of ... Most animals avoid Astragalus bisulcatus because of the musky odor of the dimethyl selenium compounds contained in the plants ... Astragalus bisulcatus accumulates large quantities of selenium when grown on soils that have selenium, the plant produces amino ... Astragalus, Flora of Northern America, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs). ...
... Archived October 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Center for Plant Conservation. USDA Plants Profile ( ... Astragalus barrii is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Barr's milkvetch. It is native ... "USDA Plants Database". Ladyman, J. A. R. Astragalus barrii Barneby (Barr's milkvetch): A Technical Conservation Assessment. ... This plant was first collected in 1900 in Wyoming. It was described as a species in 1956 and named for the botanist and cattle ...
... is a slender, wiry perennial herb growing in twisted clumps, sometimes clinging to other plants for ... It is a plant of desert and dry mountain slope habitat. It is native to California. The plant is native to the San Bernardino ... "Astragalus bernardinus Calflora". www.calflora.org. Retrieved 2023-07-31. "USDA Plants Database". "NatureServe Explorer 2.0". ... Astragalus bernardinus, known by the common name San Bernardino milkvetch or the Lesser Three-keeled Milkvetch, is a species of ...
"USDA Plants Database". "NatureServe Explorer 2.0". explorer.natureserve.org. Retrieved 2023-08-03. "Astragalus hallii , Hall's ... Astragalus hallii is a species of milkvetch in the family Fabaceae. It is native to Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico. It ...
Astragalus, Flora of Utah, Plants described in 1974, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs). ... Astragalus iselyi is a rare species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name Isely's milkvetch. It is ... "USDA Plants Database". Astragalus iselyi. The Nature Conservancy. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... This plant occurs in three areas in southeastern Utah, two in San Juan County and one in Grand County. It is limited to soils ...
"USDA Plants Database". Jepson Manual - Astragalus acutirostris USDA Plants Profile: Astragalus acutirostris Astragalus ... Astragalus, Flora of Nevada, Flora of Arizona, Flora of the California desert regions, Plants described in 1885, Flora without ... Astragalus acutirostris is an annual legume growing a hairy reddish stem no more than 30 centimeters long along the ground or ... Astragalus acutirostris is a species of milkvetch known by the common name sharpkeel milkvetch. It is native to the Mojave ...
"Plants Profile for Astragalus aquilonius (Lemhi milkvetch)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2020-09-18. "Astragalus aquilonius ( ... Barneby) Barneby , Plants of the World Online , Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2020-09-18. "Lady Bird ... Astragalus, Flora of Idaho, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs). ... Astragalus aquilonius, the Lemhi milkvetch, is a species of milkvetch in the family Fabaceae. It is native to Idaho. The ...
Astragalus, Flora of Iraq, Flora of Iran, Plants described in 1971, All stub articles, Astragalus stubs). ... "Useful Temperate Plants Astragalus octopus C.C.Towns. Fabaceae". temperate.theferns.info. Temperate Plants Database. Retrieved ... Astragalus octopus is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to northeastern Iraq and western Iran. A ... A slow-growing plant, it eventually reaches 20 to 40 cm (8 to 16 in). Its pollinators are bees and Lepidoptera. "Astragalus ...
"Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding on a Petition To List Astragalus microcymbus and Astragalus ... Astragalus microcymbus is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by the common name skiff milkvetch. It is ... Astragalus microcymbus. The Nature Conservancy. "Barneby, Rupert Charles (1911-2000) on JSTOR". plants.jstor.org. Retrieved ... Skiff milkvetch belongs to the Astragalus genus, the largest genus in the legume family, containing over 3,000 plant species. ...
Zion milkvetch Astragalus testiculatus Astragalus glycyphyllos Astragalus alpinus Astragalus dasyanthus Astragalus species are ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Astragalus. Astragalus - Genus of vascular plants Astragalus - Clinical summary and ... Andersons milkvetch Astragalus anemophilus - San Quintin Dune milkvetch Astragalus anisus Astragalus annularis Astragalus ... Douglass milkvetch Astragalus ehrenbergii Astragalus ertterae - Walker Pass milkvetch Astragalus falcatus Astragalus filipes ...
Astragalus stromatodes is a deciduous Shrub. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated ... Plant Uses. Edible Uses Medicinal Uses Other Plant uses Woodland Gardening. Why Perennial Plants?. Top Edible Plants. Top ... The plants selected are the plants in our book Plants For Your Food Forest: 500 Plants for Temperate Food Forests and ... Native Plant Search. Search over 900 plants ideal for food forests and permaculture gardens. Filter to search native plants to ...
Astragalus eastwoodiae var. debequaeus (S.L.Welsh) Isely, Native Natural. Legum. U.S. 278 (1998).. Same citation as. Astragalus ... Astragalus debequaeus S.L.Welsh. , Great Basin Naturalist 45: 31 (-33), fig (1985). BHL ...
Please enter a valid date format DD-MM-YYYY i.e. 20-04-2021 ...
Astragalus calycinus var. brevidentatus Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 440 (1880) ... Astragalus calycinus var. grandiflorus Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 439 (1880) ... Discover the flowering plant tree of life and the genomic data used to build it. ... Astragalus calycinus M.Bieb.. First published in Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 199 (1808) ...
Cited as Astragalus asterias subsp. radiatus.]. *Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, ... Cited as Astragalus asterias.]. This name was accepted following an alternative taxonomy by these authorities:. *Boulos, L. ( ... Cited as Astragalus asterias subsp. radiatus.]. *Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic ... Cited as Astragalus asterias subsp. radiatus.]. *Greuter, W., Burdet, H.M. & Long, G. (eds.) (1989). Med-checklist 4: 1-458. ...
Astragalus miser: timber milkvetch: Pea family (Fabaceae). common across the mountains of Utah, Colorado and states to the ... Astragalus Miser, Timber Milkvetch. Plants , Wildflowers , Fabaceae , Astragalus Miser. Astragalus miser (timber milkvetch), ... Plants Pages. INDEX. AGAVE AND YUCCA. CACTI. WILDFLOWERS. All Sections. Arizona. California. Colorado. Idaho. Nevada. New ... Astragalus miser is widespread in the mountains of Utah, Colorado and states to the north, covering a wide range of habitats ...
Astragalus cusickii var. sterilis in Kew Science Plants of the World Online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens ... Genus: Astragalus. Species: Astragalus cusickii. Varietas: A. c. var. sterilis. Name[edit]. Astragalus cusickii A.Gray var. ... Astragalus cusickii var. sterilis. Astragalus cusickii var. sterilis. Taxonavigation[edit]. Taxonavigation: Fabales ... International Plant Names Index. 2020. Astragalus cusickii var. sterilis. Published online. Accessed: Dec 25 2020. ...
Description Scientific and Medical Evidence Herbs and plants contain chemical compounds; some of them are effective at curing ... Put some effort in here and find some good studies that either uphold or deny the various claims made for your plant. Make sure ... Title Page including your name, date, chosen herb, and word count Short introduction Scientific evidence that your plant works ... Description Scientific and Medical Evidence Herbs and plants contain chemical compounds; some of them are effective at curing ...
USDA PLANTS Profile (ASAT) Photos on Calflora Photos on CalPhotos Google Images Photos on iNaturalist ID Tips on PlantID.net ... International Plants Names Index Search efloras.org (Flora of North America) Landscape information from Calscape BONAP ... Toxicity: Do not eat any part of this plant. Communities: Sagebrush Scrub, Pinyon-Juniper Woodland, Joshua Tree Woodland ... Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and ...
Planted code:. Not planted Country: Zimbabwe. Quarter Degree Square: 1731C3 Grid reference: ... Astragalus. ,. atropilosulus. ,. Record no. 118780. Details of record no: 118780. Astragalus atropilosulus (Hochst.) Bunge. ... Flora of Zimbabwe: Individual record no: 118780: Astragalus atropilosulus. https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species- ...
Astragalus is a plant that is commonly used in soups and tea. The roots have been used to ease symptoms of diabetes and to ... Astragalus has also been used to help the body fight illness. It can be taken as a pill, powder, or extract. It can also be ... It is likely safe to take astragalus in small doses for a short time. Not enough studies have been done to say whether it is ... Astragalus can interfere with treatment or make conditions worse.. *People with high blood pressure should talk to their doctor ...
Astragalus root protects the body from emotional, physical and mental stress, slows the aging process, supports respiratory and ... What Is Astragalus Root?. Astragalus root comes from the astragalus, or Astragalus membranaceus, plant, which is native to ... Is Astragalus Root Right for You?. If you like the health benefits associated with astragalus root and want to support your ... How Is Astragalus Root Consumed?. Astragalus root is most commonly available in capsule and tablet form, or as a liquid extract ...
... bluethumb.org/plants/astragalus-crassicarpus. This website uses cookies for necessary functions and to enhance your browsing ...
Astragalus michauxii. SANDHILLS MILKVETCH B. Baccharis glomeruliflora. SILVERLING Bacopa caroliniana. BLUE WATER-HYSSOP ... The following list contains all of the vascular plants (trees, flowering plants, and non-flowering plants, ferns and lichens) ... Wild Flowers and Plants of NC The Way-Too-Long List of Rare, Endangered and Threatened. Vascular Flora of North Carolina. (as ... The list includes plants that are not included on the Federal Endangered and Threatened lists but are included here because the ...
Astragalus Root: This ingredient helps to improve the insulin sensitivity; control blood glucose levels and improves sexual ... Shepherds Purse Stem: The stem of this plant maintains the healthy digestive system to improve blood sugar at normal level. ... you to stay healthy by controlling your blood glucose level with the aid of clinically proven herbal extracts from plants to ...
It is 100% naturally made from plant base and also enhances your brain and nervous system. ... Astragalus. Astragalus is believed to support hearing health by improving blood flow to the inner ear. The inner ear is ... Green tea is a type of tea made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. It originated in China and is now consumed ... Cortexi is a herbal liquid solution that helps support hearing in men and women with the help of its natural and plant-based ...
Astragalus: The root of this flowering plant is used in Chinese medicine for its immunity-boosting properties.*. Elderberry: ... Each soothing sip of our immune boosting tea* aids your system with organic Rooibos, Echinacea, astragalus and ashwagandha ( ...
... an Zhonghui Plant Biochemical Co.,Ltd. in their PR.com company profile. ... all kinds of plant extracts,herb extracts and botanical extracts - View details about this product from Tai' ... 1) Astragalus Plant Extract-----Astragaloside IV 0.3-10% Min (HPLC-ELSD) Astragalus Polysacchrides 40-80% Min (UV) 2) Loquat ... Taian Zhonghui Plant Biochemical Co.,Ltd. Taian Zhonghui Plant Biochemical Co.,Ltd. *About ...
USDA certified organic Astragalus root liquid herbal extract prepared with love for optimum potency. Long-term immune support.* ... The body knows how to respond to whole plant medicine. Transforming plants into whole herbal supplements to help you is what we ... Organic Astragalus root (Astragalus membranaceus), organic alcohol, distilled water. 1:4.. Alcohol Content: Not more than 70%. ... Organic Astragalus root (Astragalus membranaceus), organic alcohol, distilled water. 1:4.. Alcohol Content: Not more than 70%. ...
Building rock gardens with flowing water in them opens doors to new plant material. ...
QUERY: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and genre = "Plant" and taxon = "Astragalus oocarpus" ORDER BY taxon. Click on the ... Astragalus oocarpus. ID: 0000 0000 0309 1606 [detail]. © 2009 Vince Scheidt. Astragalus oocarpus. ID: 0000 0000 0309 1607 [ ... Astragalus oocarpus. ID: 0000 0000 0212 1702 [detail]. © 2012 Steve Matson. Astragalus oocarpus. ID: 0000 0000 0212 1704 [ ... Astragalus oocarpus. ID: 0000 0000 0212 1707 [detail]. © 2012 Steve Matson. Astragalus oocarpus. ID: 0000 0000 0212 1708 [ ...
Taxonomic review of Astragalus (Fabaceae) genus species of Azerbaijan. Saint Petersburg. Botany journal, Nauka, 76(11): 1607- ... Domestication of plants in the Old World. The origin and spread of cultivated plants in West Asia, Europe and the Nile Valley. ... Useful plant resources of Azerbaijan. Baku. 245 pp.. *National Information Sharing Mechanism on Plant Genetic Resources for ... Plant exploration in the Talysch Mountains of Azerbaijan and Iran. Plant Genetic Resources Newsletter, 126: 21-26. (in English) ...
... innovative approaches and tools to use native plants and preserve natural landscapes. ... Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center focused on protecting and preserving North Americas native plants through native plant ... Sources for native plants astragalus and acerola. May 12, 2005 - Where can I get a plant of astragalus as well as acerola? view ... More Seed and Plant Sources Questions. How to find out which native plants grow in your particular area. March 26, 2010 - Im ...
This number includes native and alien plants (exotic plants that are naturalized), but excludes cultivated plants. There are ... Lefkaras ankle (Astragalus macrocarpus ssp. Lefkarensis). - Kotschys orchid (Οphrys kotschyi). - The Cyprus tulip (Tulipa ... Whilst walking along Cyprus nature trails you will encounter some of the many endemic plants that are in danger of extinction ... The skilla - a species of plant of the Hyacinthaceae family (Scilla morrisii). - Lochs Glory- of- the- snow (of Τroodos), ( ...
Astragalus, a perennial flowering plant prevalent in China, has a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine. Its root ... 1. Shahzad M, Shabbir A, Wojcikowski K, et al: The antioxidant effects of Radix Astragali (Astragalus membranaceus and related ... astragalus, and mylabris (odds ratio = 1.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.16-1.33, P = , .0001) and with astragalus alone ( ... Astragalus. By Yen Nien Hou, PharmD, DipIOM, LAc and Jyothirmai Gubili, MS. October 10, 2020. Advertisement ...
This native plant from the Amazon helps to boost energy levels and stimulate the mind and body so one can efficiently perform ... Astragalus: This ingredient works like an adaptogen that helps the body to deal with physical and cognitive stress-inducing ... Gymnema Sylvestre: This plant is native to Africa and India. It has been used in Indian traditional medicine (Ayurveda) to ...
Astragalus crotalariae. Salton milk-vetch. 1. FAB. Cercidium floridum ssp. floridum. blue palo verde. 1. FAB. Lotus rigidus. ... Michael Charters shows some of the annual bloom, which came from small plants with only a few blooms per plant. 1/28/09: ... They were only a few inches high, and will produce only a few flowers per plant. They were next to dead plants from last year ... The table gives the number of plants observed to be in bloom for each species on each hike, with a maximum value of 99 plants. ...
We also found a single plant on the S22 roadside of Salton milk-vetch, Astragalus crotalariae, with a number of buds. 1/15/10: ... Thurbers sandpaper-plant. 114. MAL. Eremalche exilis. white mallow. 99. 115. MAL. Eremalche rotundifolia. desert five-spot. 2 ... Near the Beckman Wash entrance along S22 west of Inspiration Wash, one glorious plant of Salton milk-vetch, Astragalus ... Native and Introduced Plants of Southern California *Plants Blooming in San Diego County Copyright © 2008-2010 by Tom Chester. ...
Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceous) (root). 16.5 mg. ***. **Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. *** ... A flowering plant in the daisy family.. Elderberry. A dark, round berry, the berries and flowers of elderberry tree. ... Astragalus (Astragalus membranaceous) (root). 16.5 mg. ***. **Percent Daily Values (DV) are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. *** ...
  • Astragalus Membranaceus Improving Asymptomatic Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Hypertensive Women with Metabolic Syndrome: A Prospective, Open-Labeled, Randomized Controlled Trial. (epnet.com)
  • Meta-analysis of the clinical value of Astragalus membranaceus in diabetic nephropathy. (epnet.com)
  • Efficacy and safety of Astragalus membranaceus in the treatment of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis. (epnet.com)
  • Effects of the traditional Chinese herb Astragalus membranaceus in patients with poststroke fatigue: A double-blind, randomized, controlled preliminary study. (epnet.com)
  • Astragalus membranaceus injection combined with conventional treatment for viral myocarditis: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. (epnet.com)
  • Astragalus root comes from the astragalus, or Astragalus membranaceus , plant, which is native to China. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Organic Astragalus root (Astragalus membranaceus) , organic alcohol, distilled water. (oregonswildharvest.com)
  • Astragalus membranaceus and Astragalus mongholicus . (msdmanuals.com)
  • iodanthus - Humboldt River milkvetch Astragalus lentiginosus var. (wikipedia.org)
  • pseudiodanthus - Tonopah milkvetch Astragalus leontinus - Tyrolean milkvetch Astragalus leptaleus Astragalus leucolobus - Bear Valley woollypod, Bear Valley milkvetch Astragalus limnocharis Astragalus limnocharis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also called Mongolian milkvetch and huáng qí, this hairy-stemmed plant grows year-round and is celebrated for the beneficial flavonoids--plant-based molecules with antioxidant properties--contained within its root. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Other names for astragalus include huáng qí and milkvetch. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Astragalus is a large genus of over 3,000 species of herbs and small shrubs, belonging to the legume family Fabaceae and the subfamily Faboideae. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the largest genus of plants in terms of described species. (wikipedia.org)
  • A taxonomic revision of the genus Astragalus L. (Leguminosae) in the Old World 3: 1641-2439. (kew.org)
  • Taxonomic review of Astragalus (Fabaceae) genus species of Azerbaijan. (fao.org)
  • The epithet astragali, suggests strongly that A. astragali is primarily a collector of pollen, and an important pollinator, of frequently toxic range plants in the genus Astragalus (locoweed). (usda.gov)
  • Astragalus root is an herb that's tremendously important in traditional Chinese medicine. (wakeup-world.com)
  • all kinds of plant extracts,herb extracts and botanical extracts from Tai'an Zhonghui Plant Biochemical Co.,Ltd. (pr.com)
  • We are one of the leading manufacturer of plant extracts,herb extracts and botanical extracts in China. (pr.com)
  • Alfalfa (Medicago sativa, flowering plant) Alfalfa is a perennial herb that contains saponins, which give it the ability to help stabilize blood cholesterol levels by preventing cholesterol absorption in the body. (herbsoflight.com)
  • The amazing Astragalus is a herb that is occasionally utilised for its therapeutic properties. (signalscv.com)
  • Astragalus is the primary herb used in Chinese medicine to tonify the immune system. (herbreference.com)
  • An herb is a plant or plant part used for its scent, flavor, or therapeutic properties. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Clinical trials showed a marked difference in patients with heart conditions when specific servings of astragalus root extract were given. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Non-GMO, USDA certified organic Astragalus root liquid herbal extract prepared with love for optimum potency. (oregonswildharvest.com)
  • The immunomodulatory effects of astragalus were found to be exerted through Toll-like receptor 4-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-kappa B. 18 In another study, a sublingual astragalus root extract resulted in increases in monocyte, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts, as well as circulating cytokine levels, in healthy adults. (ascopost.com)
  • GenF20 Plus also contains other plant extracts, such as astragalus root extract. (aegisbicycles.com)
  • Each Capsule has 600mg Astragalus 10:1 extract In natural Pullulan capsules. (5greens.co.uk)
  • Our organic alcohol extracts are produced using our cold Bio-Chelated proprietary extraction process, yielding a Holistically Balanced Authentic Botanical Fingerprint extract in the same synergistic ratios as in the plant. (harristeeter.com)
  • Extracts of astragalus root include diverse phytochemicals, such as saponins and isoflavone flavonoids, which are purported in traditional practices to increase lactation in nursing mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dietary supplement products containing astragalus extracts may not have been adequately tested for efficacy, safety, purity or consistency. (wikipedia.org)
  • The root extracts of astragalus may be used in soups, teas or sold in capsules. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extracts from astragalus root have been shown to activate telomerase activity in human T cells, resulting in healthier cell longevity and function. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Sugar Balance is an exclusive herbal supplement that manages you to stay healthy by controlling your blood glucose level with the aid of clinically proven herbal extracts from plants to stay healthy and fit ever. (ipsnews.net)
  • Plant extracts--therapeutic use. (who.int)
  • Studies show that astragalus root helps reduce the effects of stress by encouraging balanced levels of cortisol, the stress hormone. (wakeup-world.com)
  • The evidence from studies in people to show that astragalus has the claimed health benefits is limited. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Oral Astragalus (Huang qi) for preventing frequent episodes of acute respiratory tract infection in children. (epnet.com)
  • Systematic reviews suggest that adjunctive use of oral astragalus with conventional therapies may be effective for improving albuminuria, proteinuria, and serum creatinine in patients with diabetic kidney disease (66 studies, n = 47,859) 9 and useful in reducing post-stroke fatigue (16 studies, n = 1,222). (ascopost.com)
  • Endemic plants of Armenian flora. (fao.org)
  • There are 142 endemic plants in Cyprus (found exclusively in Cyprus), which comprise the most important part of the island's flora. (visitcyprus.com)
  • In modern times, significant collections of vascular plants have been made in Greece within the projects Flora Hellenica and Skåne's flora. (lu.se)
  • species of locoweed (Astragalus: Leguminosae) are visited occasionally, but probably only for nectar. (usda.gov)
  • Astragalus boeticus L." USDA - Agricultural Research Service National Plant Germplasm System GRIN-Taxonomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • This USDA Plant Profile map shows that it grows wild (introduced) in many areas of the United States, but not including Florida. (wildflower.org)
  • Each soothing sip of our immune boosting tea* aids your system with organic Rooibos, Echinacea, astragalus and ashwagandha (also known as Indian Ginseng). (republicoftea.com)
  • Astragalus stromatodes - Bunge. (pfaf.org)
  • A primary benefit of astragalus root is as an adaptogen - a natural substance that works with a person's body to regulate the effects of stress and fatigue. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Astragalus root, being an adaptogen, can help the body normalize itself or "adapt" to different types of stress or physical changes. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Astragalus asterias subsp. (kew.org)
  • Cited as Astragalus asterias subsp. (kew.org)
  • Some astragalus species may contain high levels of selenium, possibly causing toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • plant may absorb toxic levels of selenium. (poultryhelp.com)
  • In 2020 and 2021, many people have used astragalus to diminish the harmful effects of COVID-19 infection, although there is no evidence to support that use. (msdmanuals.com)
  • It is a 100% natural, plant-based, non-GMO, non-habit forming, and easy-to-take dietary supplement. (outlookindia.com)
  • See Plant Species of the Borrego Desert: 2008-2009 Blooms for later reports, and for an introduction to this page. (tchester.org)
  • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. (kew.org)
  • The following list contains all of the vascular plants (trees, flowering plants, and non-flowering plants, ferns and lichens) that are listed as endangered or threatened in North Carolina. (ncnatural.com)
  • Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). (fao.org)
  • The largest collections are vascular plants, but extensive collections also include algae, lichens, bryophytes and fungi. (lu.se)
  • There are 1908 different plant species, subspecies, varieties, forms and hybrids that have been recorded in Cyprus to date. (visitcyprus.com)
  • Pharmacologic investigations revealed polysaccharides, triterpenoid saponins, and flavonoids to be the chief bioactive compounds in astragalus. (ascopost.com)
  • It is likely safe to take astragalus in small doses for a short time. (epnet.com)
  • Similar improvements in global quality of life were reported in another study of 23 patients with metastatic disease following adjunctive use of both high (500 mg, P = .012) and low (250 mg, P = .02) doses of injectable astragalus polysaccharide, administered 3 times/week/cycle of 4 weeks. (ascopost.com)
  • Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone? (wildflower.org)
  • The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center is dedicated to the growth, protection and propagation of plants native not only to North America but to the area in which those plants are being grown. (wildflower.org)
  • We have a National Suppliers Directory , but they sell predominantly native plants and seeds. (wildflower.org)
  • Any native plants of Kenosha, WI? (wildflower.org)
  • November 29, 2006 - Hi Mr. Smarty plants, I'm looking for orchids native to the Austin Texas area. (wildflower.org)
  • This number includes native and alien plants (exotic plants that are naturalized), but excludes cultivated plants. (visitcyprus.com)
  • An interesting example of this may be the native bee Andrena astragali. (usda.gov)
  • Astragalus is a perennial plant that is native to China, Mongolia, and Korea. (msdmanuals.com)
  • This plant is a sub-shrub and although it produces woody stems these tend to die back almost to the base each winter. (pfaf.org)
  • Plants produce several stems, angled upwards or curving down, and sparsely covered by short, appressed hairs, simple or branched. (americansouthwest.net)
  • Prune the larger, woody stems to make room for new growth, then snip some of the inner stems for better airflow through your plant. (naturalnews.com)
  • In the first year, avoid harvesting too many leaves or stems so your sage plant can grow and mature fully. (naturalnews.com)
  • Some astragalus species can be toxic, such as those found in the United States containing the neurotoxin swainsonine, which causes "locoweed" poisoning in animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's roots and stem can be toxic, the plant produces strong and flexible fibers that are perfect for making cordage for fishing nets, rope, snares, and string. (nps.gov)
  • This dull reddish-purple toxic plant was introduced from Europe and can be seen mainly in the Historic Area of the Monument. (nps.gov)
  • plant may contain toxic levels of nitrates. (poultryhelp.com)
  • plant contains toxic resins. (poultryhelp.com)
  • However, most specimens of this bee have been collected primarily from one of several species of another toxic range plant, death camas (Zigadenus). (usda.gov)
  • Whole plants are rich with active and inactive constituents, which create balance or homeostasis. (oregonswildharvest.com)
  • Astragalus and its constituents demonstrated antioxidant, 1 anti-inflammatory, 2 antiviral, 3 and anticancer 4 properties, along with exerting cardioprotective, 5 renoprotective, 6 osteoprotective, 7 as well as neuroprotective effects. (ascopost.com)
  • 15 In addition, 500 mg of injectable astragalus polysaccharide was shown to alleviate cancer-related fatigue ( P = .043) in a trial involving 90 patients with advanced cancer. (ascopost.com)
  • include not only vitamins C and E and beta carotene, but also some elements such as selenium and copper (which form antioxidant metallo-enzymes), and other compounds found in plant foods such as flavonoids and polyphenols. (diagnose-me.com)
  • Bioflavonoids - or simply flavonoids - are a group of water-soluble plant pigments that are responsible for the colors of many flowers and fruits. (diagnose-me.com)
  • Although astragalus supplements are generally well tolerated, mild gastrointestinal upset, diarrhea, and allergic reactions may occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transforming plants into whole herbal supplements to help you is what we do best. (oregonswildharvest.com)
  • Evidence of Astragalus injection combined platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (epnet.com)
  • A meta-analysis (27 trials, 1,843 patients with colorectal cancer) also found reductions in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (risk ratio = 0.65 [0.59-0.71], I(2) = 28%) following concurrent use of astragalus with chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone. (ascopost.com)
  • In a study of 136 patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer, three cycles of treatment with injectable astragalus polysaccharide (250 mg/d concurrent with chemotherapy cycle) combined with vinorelbine and cisplatin yielded significant improvements in overall quality of life ( P = .003) compared with the control group receiving chemotherapy alone. (ascopost.com)
  • Because of its many qualities, astragalus root is frequently used to enhance therapies for various health issues. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Because the locations change, the numbers of species in bloom, and the number of plants in bloom, cannot usually be directly compared from trip to trip. (tchester.org)
  • This page contains the Detailed Germination, Growth and Bloom Reports From Each Hike , the table giving the number of species and number of plants observed in bloom on each hike , and the List of Species in Bloom On Each Trip , from 28 November 2008 to 28 January 2009. (tchester.org)
  • Need source for seeds or plants of Pinus remota in Johnson City, TX. (wildflower.org)
  • Astragalus may interact with prescribed drugs that suppress the immune system, such as medications used by people being treated for cancer or recovery from organ transplants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Astragalus is also used in Asian cuisine in the form of medicinal soups and is thought to improve strength and stamina. (ascopost.com)
  • Plants, Medicinal. (who.int)
  • The high-quality and power-packed hearing support formula of Cortexi is designed and formulated by a unique team of industry and health fitness professionals using 100% natural, plant-based, and clinically tested ingredients in state-of-the-art facilities. (outlookindia.com)
  • Astragalus stromatodes is a deciduous Shrub. (pfaf.org)
  • Astragalus has been used in traditional Chinese medicine over centuries to treat various disorders, but there is no high-quality evidence that it is effective or safe for any medical purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Astragalus (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease. (epnet.com)
  • Astragalus root has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries and has more recently become a popular herbal remedy and nutritional supplement in the United States. (wakeup-world.com)
  • Astragalus , a perennial flowering plant prevalent in China, has a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine. (ascopost.com)
  • Astragalus is a plant that is commonly used in soups and tea. (epnet.com)
  • It should begin to grow roots within two weeks, then you can plant your sage cutting into a small pot. (naturalnews.com)
  • The stem of this plant maintains the healthy digestive system to improve blood sugar at normal level. (ipsnews.net)
  • Once the plant is mature, you can harvest more leaves at a time, but leave a few stalks behind so your plant can continue to grow. (naturalnews.com)
  • Clinical effect of Astragalus granule of different dosages on quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure. (epnet.com)
  • Clinical data on the effectiveness of astragalus in oncology settings are limited. (ascopost.com)
  • Any single compound, including astragalus, is highly unlikely to have such a broad range of health benefits. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Susceptibility to Potato Leafroll Virus in Potato: Effects of Cultivar, Plant Age at Inoculation, and Inoculation Pressure on Tuber Infection. (apsnet.org)