A methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous system stimulant activities. Theophylline inhibits the 3',5'-CYCLIC NUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHODIESTERASE that degrades CYCLIC AMP thus potentiates the actions of agents that act through ADENYLYL CYCLASES and cyclic AMP.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
A drug combination that contains THEOPHYLLINE and ethylenediamine. It is more soluble in water than theophylline but has similar pharmacologic actions. It's most common use is in bronchial asthma, but it has been investigated for several other applications.
3,7-Dimethylxanthine. The principle alkaloid in Theobroma cacao (the cacao bean) and other plants. A xanthine alkaloid that is used as a bronchodilator and as a vasodilator. It has a weaker diuretic activity than THEOPHYLLINE and is also a less powerful stimulant of smooth muscle. It has practically no stimulant effect on the central nervous system. It was formerly used as a diuretic and in the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, pp1318-9)
Purine bases found in body tissues and fluids and in some plants.
Measurement of the maximum rate of airflow attained during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are PEFR and PFR.
Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of phosphodiesterases.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.
Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.
A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Compounds that bind to and block the stimulation of PURINERGIC P1 RECEPTORS.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
A broad-spectrum 6-fluoronaphthyridinone antibacterial agent that is structurally related to NALIDIXIC ACID.
A quaternary ammonium parasympathomimetic agent with the muscarinic actions of ACETYLCHOLINE. It is hydrolyzed by ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE at a considerably slower rate than ACETYLCHOLINE and is more resistant to hydrolysis by nonspecific CHOLINESTERASES so that its actions are more prolonged. It is used as a parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor agent and as a diagnostic aid for bronchial asthma. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1116)
An adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group which is esterified to both the 3'- and 5'-positions of the sugar moiety. It is a second messenger and a key intracellular regulator, functioning as a mediator of activity for a number of hormones, including epinephrine, glucagon, and ACTH.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.
Drugs that selectively bind to and activate beta-adrenergic receptors.
A cyclic nucleotide derivative that mimics the action of endogenous CYCLIC AMP and is capable of permeating the cell membrane. It has vasodilator properties and is used as a cardiac stimulant. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
An anti-inflammatory, synthetic glucocorticoid. It is used topically as an anti-inflammatory agent and in aerosol form for the treatment of ASTHMA.
Granular leukocytes with a nucleus that usually has two lobes connected by a slender thread of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing coarse, round granules that are uniform in size and stainable by eosin.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA, the mucous membrane lining the NASAL CAVITIES.
A class of drugs designed to prevent leukotriene synthesis or activity by blocking binding at the receptor level.
Cell surface proteins that bind PURINES with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. The best characterized classes of purinergic receptors in mammals are the P1 receptors, which prefer ADENOSINE, and the P2 receptors, which prefer ATP or ADP.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
A long-acting beta-2-adrenergic receptor agonist.
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.
Inhibitor of phosphodiesterases.
A glucocorticoid used in the management of ASTHMA, the treatment of various skin disorders, and allergic RHINITIS.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Spectrum analysis of absorbed or emitted TERAHERTZ RADIATION.
Devices that cause a liquid or solid to be converted into an aerosol (spray) or a vapor. It is used in drug administration by inhalation, humidification of ambient air, and in certain analytical instruments.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
A selective beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and tocolytic.
A cytochrome P450 enzyme subtype that has specificity for relatively planar heteroaromatic small molecules, such as CAFFEINE and ACETAMINOPHEN.
Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A chromone complex that acts by inhibiting the release of chemical mediators from sensitized mast cells. It is used in the prophylactic treatment of both allergic and exercise-induced asthma, but does not affect an established asthmatic attack.
A form of hypersensitivity affecting the respiratory tract. It includes ASTHMA and RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A sudden intense and continuous aggravation of a state of asthma, marked by dyspnea to the point of exhaustion and collapse and not responding to the usual therapeutic efforts.
Agents causing the narrowing of the lumen of a bronchus or bronchiole.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.
An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
A phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor with antidepressant properties.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Theophylline, which is used mostly in asthma, is also contraindicated. Erythromycin and doxycycline can have a synergistic ...
Jan 1984). "Concomitant bitolterol mesylate aerosol and theophylline for asthma therapy, with 24 hr electrocardiographic ... Nathan RA, Bodman SF, Storms WW, Mingo TS (June 1986). "Bitolterol mesylate aerosol in adults with steroid-dependent asthma: a ... The drug, alone or in co-administration with theophylline, doesn't show cardiotoxic effect. The U.S. Food and Drug ... is a short-acting β2 adrenergic receptor agonist used for the relief of bronchospasm in conditions such as asthma and COPD. In ...
... and is used to treat asthma. The therapeutic dose of theophylline, however, is many times greater than the levels attained from ... Some people use caffeine-containing beverages such as coffee or tea to try to treat their asthma. Evidence to support this ... The weak stimulant effect of chocolate may be due to a combination of theobromine and theophylline, as well as caffeine. A ... Welsh EJ, Bara A, Barley E, Cates CJ (January 2010). Welsh EJ (ed.). "Caffeine for asthma" (PDF). The Cochrane Database of ...
Its most common use is in the treatment of airway obstruction from asthma or COPD. Aminophylline is a nonselective adenosine ... It is more soluble in water than theophylline. White or slightly yellowish granules or powder, having a slight ammoniacal odor ... Intravenous aminophylline can be used for acute exacerbation of symptoms and reversible airway obstruction in asthma and other ... Aminophylline can lead to theophylline toxicity. Aminophylline has been found to decrease the sedative effects of propofol and ...
Doxophylline is used to treat asthma, COPD and bronchospasm. In animal and human studies, it has shown similar efficacy to ... From a pharmacokinetic point of view, doxofylline importantly differs from theophylline also because it lacks the ability to ... Doxofylline (also known as doxophylline) is a xanthine derivative drug used in the treatment of asthma. It has antitussive[ ... theophylline" (PDF). Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research. 17 (5): 503-510. doi:10.1080/14737167.2017.1301815 ...
Treatments with corticosteroids and theophylline for inflammatory lung diseases interfere with HAT/HDAC activity to turn off ... gene expression data demonstrated increased activity of HAT and decreased level of HDAC activity in patients with Asthma. ...
... is a short-acting β2 adrenoreceptor agonist used in the treatment of asthma. It was patented in 1965 and came into ... Virchow JC (1999). "Reproterol: beta-2-agonist, theophylline, or both?". Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases ... what's best for exercise-induced asthma?". Sleep & Breathing = Schlaf & Atmung. 16 (4): 1229-35. doi:10.1007/s11325-011-0638-2 ...
It should be used in patients 12 years of age and older with or without concurrent theophylline and/or inhaled corticosteroid. ... Pirbuterol is used in asthma for reversal of acute bronchospasm, and also as a maintenance medication to prevent future attacks ... is a short-acting β2 adrenoreceptor agonist with bronchodilating action used in the treatment of asthma, available (as ...
... and the drug theophylline used in asthma patients are known to cause lower intestinal sphincter relaxation. Gastro-esophageal ... Asthma is a respiratory disease that can begin or worsen due to exposure at work and is characterized by episodic narrowing of ... Occupational asthma has a variety of causes, including sensitization to a specific substance, causing an allergic response; or ... Exposure to various substances can also worsen pre-existing asthma. People who work in isocyanate manufacturing, who use latex ...
... derivative that was introduced in hope of being a long-acting replacement for theophylline in the treatment of asthma. It is an ...
It has fewer side effects as compared to theophylline. Caffeine improves airway function in asthma, increasing forced ... Welsh EJ, Bara A, Barley E, Cates CJ (January 2010). "Caffeine for asthma" (PDF). Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1): CD001112. doi ...
Available in oral and injectable form, theophylline is a long-acting bronchodilator that prevents asthma episodes. It belongs ... However, it will not stop an asthma attack already in progress. Because it has no effect on asthma symptoms when used alone, it ... and theophylline (long-acting). These are quick-relief or "rescue" medications that provide quick, temporary relief from asthma ... New drug therapy could lead to more effective treatment for millions with asthma Yin, L. M., Xu, Y. D., Peng, L. L., Duan, T. T ...
Under his leadership, the company developed sustained-release Theo-Dur (theophylline), which became the nation's best-selling ... asthma remedy at the time, and cardiovascular drug Nitro-Dur. Key Pharmaceuticals was sold to Schering-Plough Corporation in ...
... s such as epinephrine, theophylline and salbutamol orally have been used to treat asthma, but inhaled adrenergic drugs ... Chu, Eric K.; Drazen, Jeffrey M. (1 June 2005). "Asthma". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 171 (11 ... Doig RL (February 1905). "Epinephrin; especially in asthma". California State Journal of Medicine. 3 (2): 54-5. PMC 1650334. ... asthma, nasal congestion and, in case of cocaine, as local anesthetics. Drugs used to treat obesity are called anorectics and ...
Caffeine and theophylline in tea have diuretic effect and can be used for treating edema. The detoxification and diuretic ... Caffeine is a good auxiliary drug for treating bronchial asthma, relieving cough, and eliminating phlegm, and myocardial ...
It is also preferred due to the former term giving the false impression that asthma is caused by exercise. In a patient with ... Other: Other prescription and over-the-counter medications, such as theophylline, cromolyn, and montelukast are indicated for ... The condition has a number of causes, the most common being emphysema as well as asthma. Exercise and allergies can bring on ... National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (2007). "Expert Panel 3 (EPR-3): guidelines for the diagnosis and management ...
Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors, such as theophylline, have been used to treat COPD for centuries; however, the clinical ... 1999). "Ariflo (SB 207499), a second generation phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor for the treatment of asthma and COPD: from ... is a drug which was developed for the treatment of respiratory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary ... potent and selective inhibitors of phosophodiesterase 4 for the treatment of asthma". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 41 (6): ...
... is a drug used for treatment of asthma. It is a combination of theophylline, ephedra, and hydroxyzine. It is no longer ...
His group investigated the role of neuropeptides in asthma and he proposed the axon reflex mechanism of asthma Their ... He also showed that theophylline was able to restore HDAC2 and reverse steroid resistance in COPD by selectively inhibiting ... His research explored mechanisms of severe asthma and in particular steroid-resistance in asthma, identifying several molecular ... Asthma as an axon reflex. Lancet 1986;i:242-245.PMID 2418322 Barnes PJ, Karin M. Nuclear factor-κB: a pivotal transcription ...
... steroids or theophylline, have an urgent chest X-ray and arterial blood gases and are referred for intensive care if necessary ... mainly asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are assessed as emergencies and treated with oxygen therapy, ...
PIPPA Position Inspection Palpation Percussion Auscultation ASTHMA Adrenergic agonists Steroids Theophylline Hydration Masked ... rheumatoid arthritis Epilepsy Asthma Diabetes Strokes VAMP THIS: Vices (tobacco, alcohol, other drugs, sexual risks) Allergies ... https://geri-em.com/cognitive-impairment/causes-of-delirium/ "ASTHMA". Archived from the original on 2015-07-13. Retrieved 2015 ...
Brown RA, Spina D, Page CP (March 2008). "Adenosine receptors and asthma". Br. J. Pharmacol. 153 Suppl 1 (S1): S446-56. doi: ... Methylxanthines (e.g. caffeine found in coffee, theophylline found in tea, or theobromine found in chocolate) have a purine ... The recommended dose may be increased in patients on theophylline since methylxanthines prevent binding of adenosine at ... Common contraindications for adenosine include Asthma, traditionally considered an absolute contraindication. This is being ...
The main therapeutic uses of theophylline are aimed at: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) asthma infant apnea Blocks ... Theophylline should not be used in combination with the SSRI fluvoxamine. Theophylline is soluble in 0.1N NaOH and absorbs ... MedlinePlus Drug Information: Theophylline Archived 2016-07-05 at the Wayback Machine THEOPHYLLINE - ORAL 24 HOUR TABLET (Uni- ... Current research regarding theophylline-based therapies are oriented towards employing theophylline, as well as other ...
Methylxanthines (such as theophylline) were once widely used, but do not add significantly to the effects of inhaled beta- ... Brittle asthma is a kind of asthma distinguishable by recurrent, severe attacks. Type 1 brittle asthma is a disease with wide ... and epithelial basement membrane thickening in a person with asthma. Diagram of asthma While asthma is a well-recognized ... It is not known whether asthma causes psychological problems or psychological problems lead to asthma. Those with asthma, ...
Theophylline is a non-selective agent. In contrast, meribendan is a highly selective inhibitor. Also, meribendan has a higher ... inhaled RPL-554 delivered via a nebulizer was in development for COPD and had been studied in asthma. Mutschler, Ernst; Schäfer ... theophylline) and papaverine. The active site of PDE3 can be considered as a summary of ideas about receptor topography ...
It is not available in the U.S. As other LABAs, bambuterol is used in the long-term management of persistent asthma. It should ... Concomitant administration of bambuterol with corticosteroids, diuretics, and xanthine derivatives (such as theophylline) ... Bambuterol (INN) is a long-acting β adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) used in the treatment of asthma; it also is a prodrug of ... 2009). "Bronchodilators and Anti-asthma Drugs". Martindale: The complete drug reference (36th ed.). London: Pharmaceutical ...
Theophylline, which is used mostly in asthma, is also contraindicated. ...
Theophylline is no longer used as a respiratory analeptic in newborn infants. Theophylline has a very narrow therapeutic index ... The three most prevalent clinical analeptic uses of caffeine are in the treatment of asthma, apnea of prematurity, and ... The naturally occurring compounds caffeine and theophylline are structurally classified as methylated xanthines. The side ... which explains the relief of the effects of asthma. There is preliminary research that indicates that caffeine reduces the ...
Theophylline and caffeine are nonselective adenosine antagonists that are used to stimulate respiration in premature infants. ... and makes them medically useful for the treatment of conditions such as asthma, but less suitable for use in scientific ... Xanthine derivatives such as caffeine and theophylline act as non-selective antagonists at A1 and A2A receptors in both heart ... The adenosine receptors are commonly known for their antagonists caffeine and theophylline, whose action on the receptors ...
Many people with COPD mistakenly think they have asthma.[36] The distinction between asthma and COPD is made on the basis of ... theophylline may have a role in those who do not respond to other measures.[2] Fewer than 20% of exacerbations require hospital ... Asthma (Status asthmaticus. Aspirin-induced. Exercise-induced. Bronchiectasis. Cystic fibrosis. unspecified. Bronchitis. ... An outcomes strategy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in England (PDF). Department of ...
... theophylline and salbutamol[32] orally have been used to treat asthma, but inhaled adrenergic drugs are now preferred due to ... Chu, Eric K.; Drazen, Jeffrey M. (1 June 2005). "Asthma". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 171 (11 ... asthma, nasal congestion and as anesthetics.[24] Drugs used to treat obesity are called anorectics and generally include drugs ... "Epinephrin; especially in asthma". California State Journal of Medicine. 3 (2): 54-5. PMC 1650334. PMID 18733372 ...
In traditional Chinese medicine, má huáng has been used as a treatment for asthma and bronchitis for centuries.[41] ... Methylxanthines such as caffeine and theophylline have a synergistic effect with ephedrine with respect to weight loss. This ... It has also been used for asthma, narcolepsy, and obesity but is not the preferred treatment.[1] It is of unclear benefit in ... the FDA created a ban on ephedrine alkaloids marketed for reasons other than asthma, colds, allergies, other disease, or ...
Field, SK (May 2008). "Roflumilast: an oral, once-daily selective PDE-4 inhibitor for the management of COPD and asthma". ... "Suppression of cytokine expression by roflumilast and dexamethasone in a model of chronic asthma". Clinical & Experimental ...
January 2005). "Hypersensitivity reactions to fluoroquinolones". Current Allergy and Asthma Reports. 5 (1): 15-21. doi:10.1007/ ... theophylline, warfarin, antiviral agents, phenytoin, cyclosporine, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and cycloserine.[39] ...
Drugs for obstructive airway diseases: asthma/COPD (R03). Adrenergics, inhalants. Short-acting β2 agonists. *Bitolterol ...
Third Expert Panel on the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (2007). Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. ... Methylxanthines (kama vile theophylline) wakati mmoja ilitumika kwa wingi, lakini haiongezi athari za beta-agonistsi.[117] ... Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention (PDF). Global Initiative for Asthma (2011). ... Asthma (2012 Jun 1). "The management of work-related asthma guidelines: a broader perspective.". European respiratory review : ...
AsthmaEdit. Beta blockers are contraindicated in patients with asthma as stated in the British National Formulary 2011.[ ... "Theophylline Poisoning". www.uptodate.com. Retrieved August 10, 2019.. *^ Hjalmarson A, Goldstein S, Fagerberg B, Wedel H, ... Ahrens RC (1990). "Skeletal muscle tremor and the influence of adrenergic drugs". The Journal of Asthma. 27 (1): 11-20. doi: ... Beta blockers can have a constricting effect on the bronchi of the lungs, possibly worsening or causing asthma symptoms.[68] ...
... , also known as eformoterol, is a long-acting β2 agonist (LABA) used as a bronchodilator in the management of asthma ... causing bronchodilation by relaxing the smooth muscle in the airway so as to treat the exacerbation of asthma. ... since LABAs are not recommended for the treatment of acute asthma. ...
It is marketed under the brand names Alvesco for asthma and Omnaris, Omniair, Zetonna, and Alvesco[1] for hay fever in the US ... Ciclesonide is a glucocorticoid used to treat asthma and allergic rhinitis. ...
... effect of long-acting beta-agonists on severe asthma exacerbations and asthma-related deaths". Ann. Intern. Med. 144 (12): 904- ... While the use of inhaled steroids and LABA are recommended for the resulting improvement in control of symptoms of asthma,[7] ... Common side effects include thrush, headache, and cough.[2] Serious side effects may include worsening asthma, anaphylaxis, ... "Guideline 101: British Guideline on the Management of Asthma". British Thoracic Society & Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines ...
... and has been investigated as a treatment for asthma.[5] ...
... and asthma.[2][1] Specifically it is used to try to prevent periods of worsening rather than for those periods themselves.[2] ...
In Japan, it is used to treat bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis.[8] ...
Asthma (Status asthmaticus. Aspirin-induced. Exercise-induced. Bronchiectasis. unspecified. Bronchitis. Bronchiolitis ... 2006). "Positive benefits of theophylline in a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study of low-dose, ... slow-release theophylline in the treatment of COPD for 1 year". Respirology. 11 (5): 603-10. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1843.2006.00897 ...
... (3-propylxanthine) is a xanthine derivative used in the treatment of asthma, which acts as a bronchodilator. It ...
Sessler CN (1990). "Theophylline toxicity: Clinical features of 116 consecutive cases". Am J Med. 88 (6): 567-76. doi:10.1016/ ... Theophylline toxicity often occurs following acute or chronic overtreatment or factors lowering its clearance from the body.[5] ... Theophylline can cause a number of different abnormal heart rhythms when in excess, and thus further predisposes COPD patients ... Additionally, it can be caused by theophylline toxicity, a drug with a narrow therapeutic index commonly used to treat COPD. ...
National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel 3. Expert panel report 3: guidelines for the diagnosis and ... management of asthma. Bethesda (MD): National Institutes of Health. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; 2007 Aug. NIH ...
It is also used to treat and prevent minor and moderate bronchial asthma, especially asthma that is accompanied by ... for the management of COPD and asthma, and with fenoterol (trade names Duovent and Berodual N) for the management of asthma. ... Yamatake Y, Sasagawa S, Yanaura S, Okamiya Y (1977). "[Antiallergic asthma effect of ipratropium bromide (Sch 1000) in dogs ( ... Ipratropium is administered by inhalation for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma ...
It is classified as a xanthine alkaloid,[2] others of which include theophylline and caffeine.[1] Caffeine differs from the ... Drugs for obstructive airway diseases: asthma/COPD (R03). Adrenergics, inhalants. Short-acting β2 agonists. *Bitolterol ... Theobromine is an isomer of theophylline, as well as paraxanthine. Theobromine is categorized as a dimethyl xanthine.[1] ... Herbert H. Cornish; A. A. Christman (1957). "A Study of the Metabolism of Theobromine, Theophylline, and Caffeine in Man". Ann ...
Theophylline. CH3. CH3. H. H. 1,3-Dimethyl-7H-purine-2,6-dione. Tea, cacao (chocolate), yerba mate, kola ... Due to widespread effects, the therapeutic range of xanthines is narrow, making them merely a second-line asthma treatment. The ... Daly JW, Padgett WL, Shamim MT (July 1986). "Analogues of caffeine and theophylline: effect of structural alterations on ... Choi OH, Shamim MT, Padgett WL, Daly JW (1988). "Caffeine and theophylline analogues: correlation of behavioral effects with ...
Asthma and COPDEdit. Acute exacerbations of chronic respiratory diseases, mainly asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary ... disease (COPD), are assessed as emergencies and treated with oxygen therapy, bronchodilators, steroids or theophylline, have an ...
"Asthma drug found to rejuvenate older rat brains". medicalxpress.com. Retrieved 3 November 2015.. ... "FDA approves first generic versions of Singulair to treat asthma, allergies". 3 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.. ... Montelukast (trade name Singulair) is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) used for the maintenance treatment of asthma and ... "Asthma / Allergy " Archived 2012-06-14 at the Wayback Machine.. Mascothealth.com. Retrieved 9 April 2011. ...
I would like to discuss the use of theophylline for asthma both in the past and present. While this medication has fallen out ... www.healthcentral.com/article/theophylline-revisiting-an-old-asthma-treatment. Asthma. Theophylline: Revisiting An Old Asthma ... Theophylline in the past and present. Theophylline is a drug that has been in use for asthma since the 1950s. Structurally ... While theophylline is still not a reasonable choice as a sole agent in asthma treatment, its use is being reevaluated as an ...
Theophylline can help to relieve breathlessness by relaxing muscles in your airways so they open up, and the air can flow ... Get the best from your theophylline. How does theophylline help asthma?. Some people with asthma are prescribed theophylline as ... "If you suddenly stop taking theophylline, your asthma symptoms may return, which could lead to a potentially fatal asthma ... How often do you need to take theophylline? If youre given theophylline to help manage your asthma every day, it needs to be ...
Taking theophylline and aminophylline may deplete vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is important for processing amino acids into important ... Theophylline (Aerolate III, Aerolate JR, Aerolate SR, Elixophyllin, Quibron-T, Quibron-T/SR, Respbid, Slo-bid, Slo-Phyllin, T- ... Asthma. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldmans Cecil Medicine . 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 87. ... Asthma. In: Pizzorno PE, Murray MT, eds. Textbook Of Natural Medicine . 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Churchill ...
Read ratings and reviews so you can find the right Theophylline Prescription Pet Respiratory Care & Asthma Medicine for your ... Asthma Medicine and more with fast free shipping, low prices, and award-winning customer service. ... Shop Chewy for the best deals on Theophylline Prescription Pet Respiratory Care & ... Theophylline Prescription Pet Respiratory Care & Asthma Medicine. (1 - 1 of 1 results) ...
... with chronic asthma treated in variable sequence with a slow-release formulation at eight- and 12-hour intervals, and plain ... theophylline concentration were examined in 14 children, 8 to 17 years of age (mean 12.4), ... of formulation and dosing interval to fluctuation of serum theophylline concentration in children with chronic asthma J Pediatr ... Completeness of absorption and fluctuations in serum, theophylline concentration were examined in 14 children, 8 to 17 years of ...
On theophylline, perception of asthma was heightened in five subjects despite a definite improvement in their peak flow. On ... Theophylline may produce a paradoxical increase in awareness of asthma in some individuals. With beclomethasone therapy a ... Cromoglycate and Theophylline on Perception of Bronchoconstriction in Patients with Bronchial Asthma C. M. B. Higgs ; C. M. B. ... Cromoglycate and Theophylline on Perception of Bronchoconstriction in Patients with Bronchial Asthma. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 March ...
... vomiting and tremors after theophylline. Oxitropium proves to be a valuable alternative to theophylline in nocturnal asthma, ... Comparison of the effect of oxitropium bromide and of slow-release theophylline on nocturnal asthma. ... Comparison of the effect of oxitropium bromide and of slow-release theophylline on nocturnal asthma. ... and of a slow-release theophylline preparation upon nocturnal asthma were compared in a placebo-controlled double-blind study. ...
... ... With theophylline, asthma symptoms decreased slightly after 1 and 2 months treatment (P , 0.01 and P , 0.02, respectively) and ... bronchial reactivity and asthma symptom severity. The efficacy of inhaled corticosteroid was superior to oral theophylline. ... In the theophylline group, FEV1 was unchanged during the 9 months of treatment. In both budesonide groups, FEV1 deteriorated ...
Steroid-resistant inflammation in a mouse model of severe asthma is inhibited by the combination of theophylline and ... Here we investigated the combination of Theophylline and steroid in a mouse model of severe asthma to determine the effects on ... Steroid-resistant inflammation in a mouse model of severe asthma is inhibited by the combination of Theophylline and ... Severe asthma patients present with a steroid-resistant neutrophilic airway inflammation which is poorly controlled by steroids ...
... is a bronchodilator prescribed for the treatment of asthma and other airway conditions. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage ... Theophylline is used for the relief and prevention of airway narrowing (bronchospasm) in patients with asthma. Theophylline ... Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease. See Answer Summary. Theophylline (Elixophyllin, Theo-24) is a bronchodilator ... Theophylline belongs to a class of medications called bronchodilators, used in treating asthma and other airway diseases. ...
Theophylline is an oral medication used to treat asthma and other lung diseases. Learn who its for, how it works, its side ... Theophylline oral tablet is only available as a generic drug.. *Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other ... Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other lung conditions that block your airways, such as emphysema or ... What is theophylline?. Theophylline is a prescription drug. Its available as an oral solution, an extended-release tablet, and ...
This topic has 1 study abstract on Theophylline indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Asthma, ... Diseases : Asthma. Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Asthmatic Agents, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, interleukin-13 down-regulation, ... Theophylline is a safe and more effective pain treatment for Post-dural puncture headaches than acetaminophen.Sep 30, 2013. ... Theophylline could be used in the treatment of muscle wasting associated with cancer cachexia.Dec 31, 2011. ...
Theophylline) may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, and related ... Theophylline is indicated for the treatment of the symptoms and reversible airflow obstruction associated with chronic asthma ... The dose of theophylline must be individualized on the basis of peak serum theophylline concentration measurements in order to ... Clinically significant drug interactions with theophylline.*. Drug Type of Interaction. Effect**. Adenosine. Theophylline ...
Eosinophil apoptosis caused by theophylline, glucocorticoids, and macrolides after stimulation with IL-5. Journal of Allergy ... Clinical diagnosis of asthma is based on the pattern of clinical symptoms and pulmonary fuction tests. Asthma affectes 5% - 10 ... TITLE: The role of eosinophils in asthma. AUTHORS: Faris Q. Alenzi, Fahad G. B. Alanazi, Abdulaziz D. Al-Faim, Mohamed W. Al- ... ABSTRACT: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by recurring episodes of reversible airway ...
It is used for the treatment of pulmonary conditions, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). ... Theophylline (1,3-dimethylxanthins) can indirectly stimulate both β1 and β2 receptors through release of endogenous ... encoded search term (Theophylline%20Toxicity) and Theophylline Toxicity What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ... Theophylline Toxicity Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Jan 07, 2016 * Author: Greg Hymel, MD; Chief Editor: Asim Tarabar, MD ...
Theophylline is a type of medicine called a xanthine bronchodilator. It is used to open the airways. ... Nuelin SA prolonged-release tablets contain the active ingredient theophylline. ... It is important that asthma is well controlled in pregnant women because severe asthma attacks can be dangerous to the ... Nuelin SA (theophylline). Nuelin SA prolonged-release tablets contain the active ingredient theophylline. Theophylline is a ...
Theophylline is an older drug used to treat asthma or copd, it works as a bronchodilator. It requires monitoring of drug levels ... Theophylline (Overview) Theophylline is an older drug used to treat asthma or copd, it works as a bronchodilator. It requires ... Theophylline (Overview) Theophylline is an older drug used to treat asthma or copd, it works as a bronchodilator. It requires ... Can theophylline (prescribed for asthma) show up in pre employment drug test as an opiate or illegal substance? ...
... theophylline - Answer: Hello dmitri5. I would say yes. Unless theres a reason why its not ... ... Sister has Asthma & takes Tedral, no longer sold in U.S. Any1 know a Canadian Pharm that sells it?. Posted 23 Sep 2011 • 2 ... Theophylline Drug Information. Search for questions. Still looking for answers? Try searching for what you seek or ask your own ... Ephedrine/Phenobarbital/Theophylline - Is Tedral available at most Canadian pharmacies?. Asked. 27 Dec 2011 by dmitri5. Active ...
Includes dosages for Asthma - Maintenance and Asthma - Acute; plus renal, liver and dialysis adjustments. ... Detailed Theophylline dosage information for adults and children. ... Usual Adult Dose for Asthma - Acute. Intravenous theophylline in dextrose:. Loading dose, no theophylline in the previous 24 ... Usual Pediatric Dose for Asthma - Acute. Intravenous theophylline in dextrose:. Loading dose, no theophylline in the previous ...
During a hospitalization for an acute asthma attack ending 8 days before this admission, her theophylline dose was increased ... Theophylline Therapy for Near-Fatal Cheyne-Stokes Respiration: A Case Report Annals of Internal Medicine; 130 (5): 427-430 ... Theophylline for the Treatment of Atrioventricular Block after Myocardial Infarction Annals of Internal Medicine; 123 (7): 509- ... Theophylline Madness WALTER G. WASSER, M.D.; HAROLD E. BRONHEIM, M.D.; BARBARA K. RICHARDSON, M.D. ...
... and difficulty breathing caused by asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases. It relaxes and opens air ... Theophylline is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, ... How does Theophylline work?. How do I take Theophylline?. What are Theophylline precautions?. Theophylline drug interactions. ... Generic Name: Theophylline. Why is Theophylline medication prescribed?. Theophylline is used to prevent and treat wheezing, ...
Asthma treatment involves a stepwise approach using different types of inhalers and tablets - we look at the medicines your ... Theophylline and aminophylline These medicines might be added to your asthma treatment if your asthma is not controlled with a ... Treatments for asthma. Asthma treatment involves a stepwise approach using different types of inhalers and tablets - we look at ... who get night-time asthma symptoms at least once a week, or who have had a flare-up of their asthma in the last two years. ...
Proventil is commonly used to prevent or treat airway spasms in people with asthma or certain other conditions. ... Singulair is a prescription medication used to treat asthma and allergic rhinitis. The active ingredient is montelukast sodium ... It is effective against asthma, pulmonary emphysema, and bronchitis. It improves contraction of the major breathing muscle - ... It is an effective bronchodilator used against chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases such as asthma, pulmonary emphysema, and ...
Theophylline is a bronchodilator drug, given by mouth, that widens the airways to the lung. It also is used to prevent attacks ... Types of Asthma. Adult-Onset Asthma. Can you get asthma as an adult? What causes adult onset asthma? Read more to find out, and ... Allergic Asthma. Learn about the triggers and treatment for allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage allergy ... Nonallergic Asthma. Learn about the triggers and treatment for non-allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage ...
You can find more information including dosage, side effects of the Asthma medicine. ... View list of generic and brand names of drugs used for treatment of Asthma. ... Theophylline. Theophylline is a bronchodilator, prescribed for asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases. ... Home Remedies for Asthma / Natural Asthma Remedy. Natural Home Remedies offers you herbal method to treat asthma effectively. ...
Among children and adolescents aged 5-17 years, asthma accounts for a loss of 10 million school days annually and costs ... Asthma, which occurs in adult and pediatric patients, is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by an ... Alternate regimen: high-dose ICS plus either LABA or theophylline. Alternate regimen: high-dose ICS plus LRTA or theophylline ... encoded search term (Pediatric Asthma) and Pediatric Asthma What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and Diseases. * ...
Theophylline is a very good asthma medicine. (I can remember when the ever-slow FDA finally approved it). It controls asthma ... Theophylline no longer top line asthma medicine. In 1976 my pediatrician started prescribing Sustair, a liquid theophylline to ... I have a close relative with asthma that theophylline probably saved.. The biggest concern when prescribing/taking theophylline ... Mostly, the conflicts are about theophylline clearance, e.g., how fast the body can get rid of theophylline. Theophylline ...
Theophylline: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Theophylline controls symptoms of asthma and other lung diseases but does not cure them. Continue to take theophylline even if ... Theophylline is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness caused by asthma, chronic ... Before taking theophylline,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to theophylline, any other medications, or ...
Presence or history of other chronic respiratory diseases (asthma, bronchiectasis, TB lesions) ... Low-dose Theophylline as Anti-inflammatory Enhancer in Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (ASSET). The safety and ... Theophylline. Bronchodilator Agents. Autonomic Agents. Peripheral Nervous System Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Anti- ... The main objective of the study is to determine the effects of low-dose oral theophylline added to combination treatment with ...
... and what the results of a theophylline or caffeine test might mean ... Describes how theophylline and caffeine tests are used, when they are ordered, ... Theophylline is one of several medications that may be taken by children and adults who have asthma and by adults who have ... The use of theophylline as a bronchodilator has decreased as other more effective and less toxic asthma treatments have become ...
  • The main limitations to the use of theophylline in the past have been its side effects and the fact that it is a relatively weak bronchodilator compared to albuterol and related inhaled medicines. (healthcentral.com)
  • 2. Twelve subjects whose asthma was inadequately controlled by inhaled bronchodilator alone were studied during four different drug treatments over 3 months. (portlandpress.com)
  • Theophylline can be administered together with other bronchodilators, such as albuterol (Ventolin, Proventil) for added bronchodilator effect. (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline (Elixophyllin, Theo-24) is a bronchodilator prescribed for the treatment of asthma and other airway conditions. (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline, a relatively weak bronchodilator, is less effective than inhaled beta-2 agonists, and does not add benefits in acute bronchospasm. (drugs.com)
  • It is an effective bronchodilator used against chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases such as asthma, pulmonary emphysema, and bronchitis. (druggstorre.net)
  • Bitolterol is a bronchodilator, prescribed for the relief of bronchospasm due to asthma and other respiratory diseases. (medindia.net)
  • Budesonide and Formoterol contains steroid and bronchodilator, prescribed for asthma in patients 12 years of age and older. (medindia.net)
  • Quibron-T (Theophylline) is a bronchodilator used to treat the symptoms of asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. (fr.nf)
  • Theo-24 is an oral bronchodilator medication which used o treat symptoms of asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. (cialisda.com)
  • Theophylline is a type of medicine called a xanthine bronchodilator. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Theophylline is an older drug used to treat asthma or copd, it works as a bronchodilator. (healthtap.com)
  • Theophylline is a bronchodilator, meaning that it opens/dilates the small airways (bronchioles) in the lungs. (rightpet.com)
  • Although, ideally, optimal control of asthma means the absence of respiratory symptoms, no need for a rescue bronchodilator and normal pulmonary function, this is may be difficult to achieve. (cmaj.ca)
  • Theophylline is a bronchodilator and has been used for relief of symptoms, particularly coughing at night. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • The novel methylxanthine doxofylline, that has bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory activities, is not affected by the major drawback of theophylline. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is a bronchodilator with a narrow therapeutic window - too little theophylline is ineffective, too much can cause toxicity . (labtestsonline.org)
  • Theophylline is used as a bronchodilator in asthma and also has anti-inflammatory properties. (ersjournals.com)
  • THEOPHYLLINE (the OFF i lin) is a bronchodilator. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Theophylline is a bronchodilator. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Theophylline is an antiasthmatic and bronchodilator that is marketed under 50 brand names in both the United States and Canada. (fsu.edu)
  • While theophylline is still not a reasonable choice as a sole agent in asthma treatment, its use is being reevaluated as an option to add on to existing medications in an individual whose asthma is not optimally controlled. (healthcentral.com)
  • While there are many newer medications for the treatment of chronic asthma with few side effects, some patients may benefit from the addition of theophylline to their current medication regimen. (healthcentral.com)
  • Theophylline belongs to a class of medications called bronchodilators , used in treating asthma and other airway diseases. (medicinenet.com)
  • These patients include those with liver disease , older men with chronic lung diseases, infants, patients with high fever or heart failure , and patients taking other medications that increase blood theophylline levels. (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. (healthline.com)
  • People whose asthma is not controlled with maximum doses of inhaled and other medications may need to take oral steroids for prolonged periods of time. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • LABAs are not considered first-line medications to treat asthma. (medscape.com)
  • LABAs should not be used as isolated medications and should be added to the asthma treatment plan only if other medicines do not control asthma, including the use of low- or medium-dose corticosteroids. (medscape.com)
  • Adults with a history of asthma will often recognize their asthma symptoms and seek medical care when they cannot control the exacerbation at home with their usual medications. (saem.org)
  • Insight should be gained into the overall asthma control, including how often inhalers are used, and compliance with the patient's medications. (saem.org)
  • She began to take asthma medications, including sustained-release theophylline (200 mg twice a day), pranlukast hydrate (112.5 mg twice a day), salmeterol xinafoate inhaler (25 mg twice a day) and fluticasone propionate (250 mg twice a day). (kjim.org)
  • Am I taking any new medications that might be interfering with my asthma medication? (wikihow.com)
  • That said, doctors consider some asthma medications to be safer than others. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Doctors may avoid prescribing certain asthma medications to pregnant women unless they are necessary to control symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Many doctors agree that the safest option is for pregnant women with asthma to take medications and avoid flare-ups, which can lead to complications. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This study measures trends and recent patterns in the pediatric use of medications approved for reversible obstructive airway disease (asthma medications). (aappublications.org)
  • Percent of enrollees filling prescriptions for asthma medications and fill rates by medication class and estimated duration of inhaled antiinflammatory medication use. (aappublications.org)
  • The proportion of children using asthma medications increased substantially during the study period, but the use of inhaled antiinflammatory medication per patient remained low even for those using large amounts of inhaled β-agonists. (aappublications.org)
  • These findings suggest that most asthma medications were used by children with mild lower airway symptoms and that inhaled antiinflammatory medication use in children with more severe disease fell short of national guidelines. (aappublications.org)
  • Previous studies have shown greater use of inhaled β-agonist and antiinflammatory medications, whereas theophylline use has declined. (aappublications.org)
  • Avoid adverse effect from asthma medications. (rxmed.com)
  • other medications for asthma, heart disease, or depression. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Many nonprescription products contain these drugs (e.g., diet pills and medications for colds and asthma), so check labels carefully. (medlineplus.gov)
  • 500 mcg FP administered by DPI (or equivalent), and at least one of the following controller medications: LABAs, LTRAs, LAMAs, theophylline or oral corticosteroids. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Nitric oxide testing can also help determine whether steroid medications might be helpful for your child's asthma. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Can asthma medications cause anxiety? (webmd.com)
  • This medication may be added to medications in people with severe, persistent asthma. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Leukotriene modifiers are long-term control asthma medications that reduce swelling inside the airways and relax smooth muscles around the airways. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Theophylline, a long-term asthma control medication, is used for asthma control, but not as the first choice of medications. (nationaljewish.org)
  • 5 The management of asthma involves care plans, chronic medications, and monitoring and self-care for acute exacerbations. (aafp.org)
  • This article reviews the currently available medications and complementary agents for chronic asthma management. (aafp.org)
  • Theophylline is one of several medications that may be taken by children and adults who have asthma and by adults who have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) . (labtestsonline.org)
  • While both medications can reduce episodes of apnea, caffeine has fewer side effects than theophylline and, thus, a lower risk of toxicity. (labtestsonline.org)
  • When intravenously administered medications were discontinued, therapy continued with oral administration of theophylline (or placebo) and of prednisone. (northwestern.edu)
  • Other medications that may help limit or lower doses of corticosteroids include the bronchodilators Theophylline , Albuterol and Terbutalene. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Severe asthma is characterized by uncontrolled symptoms and recurrent exacerbation with excessive chronic airway inflammation despite adequate and even maximum treatment with these current medications. (springer.com)
  • In this chapter, recent advances in pharmacologic treatment of severe asthma will be introduced including improved current medications, potent nonspecific anti-inflammatory agents, endotype-targeted treatments, specific treatment for comorbidities, and potential therapeutic candidates. (springer.com)
  • The asthma action plan should also help you to recognise when you need to adjust your asthma medications, when to contact your doctor and when to go directly to hospital. (mydr.com.au)
  • Asthma treatment can be divided into two categories: controller medications and rescue medications. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Controller medications are used to prevent asthma symptoms, while rescue medications are used to relieve asthma symptoms. (uspharmacist.com)
  • A large-scale, multi-investigator open evaluation compared a once-daily regimen of controlled-release theophylline (Uniphyl tablets) with previous twice- or thrice-daily methylxanthine regimens. (docphin.com)
  • You should always continue to take the preventer inhaler (corticosteroids) that you take regularly (usually twice daily) when you use long-acting bronchodilators such as theophylline. (asthma.org.uk)
  • Pharmacologic management includes the use of control agents such as inhaled corticosteroids, inhaled cromolyn or nedocromil, long-acting bronchodilators, theophylline, leukotriene modifiers, and more recent strategies such as the use of anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies (omalizumab), IL-5 monoclonal antibodies (mepolizumab, benralizumab), IL-4 receptor alpha monoclonal antibody (dupilumab), and long-acting antimuscarinic agents (LAMA) such as tiotropium. (medscape.com)
  • To date, pharmacologic treatments for asthma are predominantly nonspecific anti-inflammatory agents such as corticosteroid and bronchodilators including β2 agonists, which are effective in the majority of patients with asthma. (springer.com)
  • Theophylline was recognized as a drug that could loosen tight airways, but for this effect, blood levels needed to be at a point that caused jitteriness and upset stomach (similar to the effects from an 'overdose' of caffeine). (healthcentral.com)
  • In addition, theophylline has been shown to have so-called 'anti-inflammatory' effects on the airways. (healthcentral.com)
  • Theophylline can help to relieve breathlessness by relaxing muscles in your airways so they open up. (asthma.org.uk)
  • Theophylline relaxes the smooth muscles in your airways so they open up and can let air flow through them more easily," says Asthma UK's in-house GP Dr Andy Whittamore. (asthma.org.uk)
  • It helps manage day-to-day asthma symptoms by keeping your airways open and making breathing easier. (asthma.org.uk)
  • Asthma is characterized by inflammation of the airways and long-term treatment with inhaled glucocorticosteroids improve clinical control in patients previously treated with inhaled rescue beta-2 agonist. (diva-portal.org)
  • Oral theophylline slightly reduced airways symptoms and had no influence on FEV1 and PC20 histamine. (diva-portal.org)
  • Maintenance treatment with inhaled budesonide gave a dose-related reduction in airways obstruction, bronchial reactivity and asthma symptom severity. (diva-portal.org)
  • Asthma is a breathing problem caused by narrowing of the airways, the breathing passages that allow air to move in and out of the lungs . (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline opens airways by relaxing the smooth muscles in the walls of the airways. (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other lung conditions that block your airways, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. (healthline.com)
  • Theophylline works by opening the airways in your lungs. (healthline.com)
  • Reliever inhalers work very quickly to open up the airways and provide relief from an asthma attack. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Before I started taking Advair in 2003, and when I forgot a dose of theophylline (which was most often Theo-dur), my airways twitched and an asthmatic attack often ensued. (blogspot.com)
  • Childhood asthma is a condition that affects airways in children and interferes with their daily activities including play, sports, school and sleep. (medindia.net)
  • Acute asthma is the result of an increase in inflammation of the airways as well as bronchospasm of the bronchial smooth muscles. (saem.org)
  • ABSTRACT: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways characterized by recurring episodes of reversible airway obstruction, hyper-responsiveness, wheezing, breathlessness and coughing. (scirp.org)
  • Inflammation of the airways is a central component in asthma. (scirp.org)
  • Theophylline causes the muscles surrounding the airways to relax by a mechanism that is not fully understood. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • In conditions where the airways tighten, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, eg emphysema and chronic bronchitis), it is difficult for air to get in and out of the lungs. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • By opening the airways, theophylline makes it easier to breathe. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Coughing is another troublesome symptom of asthma, the inflammatory lung disease which narrows the breathing airways. (wikihow.com)
  • This non-drug procedure uses heat to shrink muscles in the airways that can enlarge during an asthma attack. (limamemorial.org)
  • They have been approved for use in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, which is a type of asthma with increased levels of eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) found in the airways. (limamemorial.org)
  • Asthma is a chronic condition in which the airways undergo changes that are usually triggered by allergens, other environmental factors, or by infection. (limamemorial.org)
  • asthma breathe in and out deeply, the airways relax and open to rid the lungs of the irritant. (limamemorial.org)
  • asthma try to exhale, their airways do not relax and narrow, causing hyperinflation of the lungs with unexpelled air. (limamemorial.org)
  • As asthma worsens, less air is able to get to the alveoli and the airways narrow further, causing patients to pant for breath. (limamemorial.org)
  • Smooth muscles in the airways of people with asthma may have a defect, perhaps a deficiency in a critical chemical that prevents the muscles from relaxing. (limamemorial.org)
  • And, during an asthma attack the airways narrow, making breathing difficult. (limamemorial.org)
  • Asthma is characterized by paroxysmal or persistent symptoms such as dyspnea, chest tightness, wheezing, sputum production and cough, associated with variable airflow limitation and a variable degree of hyperresponsiveness of airways to endogenous or exogenous stimuli. (cmaj.ca)
  • Theophylline, a methylxanthine drug is a bronchodialator (dilates airways of lungs) and also has anti-inflammatory property and thus mitigates the distressing symptom of COPD such as breathing trouble. (atlasofscience.org)
  • 1) In an asthma attack, the inside of the bronchial tubes that feed air into the lungs become swollen and the muscles around these airways get constricted, making it difficult to breathe. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • The small airways and distal lung compartment in asthma and COPD: a time for reappraisal. (springer.com)
  • Some asthma products contain a combination of a corticosteroid (preventer) and a long-acting beta2 agonist (to help keep the airways open for up to 12 hours), to help keep asthma under control. (mydr.com.au)
  • Asthma is a condition that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow, according to the National Library of Medicine (NLM). (thirdage.com)
  • Asthma is caused by inflammation or swelling in the airways. (thirdage.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic, episodic disease of the airways that is best viewed as a syndrome. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • Asthma is an ailment where your airways swell and narrow, producing extra mucus. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • With asthma, you have inflamed airways. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • When something triggers an asthma attack, your airways become even more inflamed and swollen, and the surrounding muscles can tighten. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • The efficacy of inhaled corticosteroid was superior to oral theophylline. (diva-portal.org)
  • Theophylline and curcumin may restore corticosteroid insensitivity. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • These inhalers are prescribed for people whose asthma is not controlled by using a regular corticosteroid preventer inhaler (see below) alongside their reliever. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These medicines have to be used alongside the regular inhaled corticosteroid and should never be used alone or as a substitute for the steroid, because this could result in a severe asthma attack. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Budesonide is a corticosteroid, prescribed for inflammatory bowel disease, asthma, and also for breathing trouble. (medindia.net)
  • Our research showed that the bone loss caused by theophylline was equal to that by methylprednisone (a synthetic corticosteroid present in COPD medication). (atlasofscience.org)
  • Therefore, a combination of corticosteroid and theophylline that is generally prescribed to COPD patients is expected to heighten fracture risk. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Conclusion: When the combination of systemically administered corticosteroid and inhaled albuterol is used in the treatment of children hospitalized with mild to moderate asthma, addition of theophylline may not be justified. (northwestern.edu)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding theophylline compared with increasing the dose of inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) on symptomatic asthma. (bvsalud.org)
  • Prolonged protection of the new inhaled corticosteroid fluticasone furoate against AMP hyperresponsiveness in patients with asthma. (springer.com)
  • Observations were recorded during the second week of each of four treatments:(i) a run-in period using only inhaled salbutamol as required, (ii) inhaled beclomethasone, (iii) inhaled cromoglycate and (iv) oral theophylline at a dose adjusted to achieve blood levels of 10-20 mg/l. (portlandpress.com)
  • We investigated whether the dose of inhaled glucocorticosteroid was related to outcome compared with oral theophylline. (diva-portal.org)
  • If beta agonists are not available, an oral theophylline loading dose can be used as a temporary measure. (drugs.com)
  • The airway effects of stopping regular oral theophylline in patients with asthma. (ox.ac.uk)
  • METHODS: Eighteen subjects with mild stable asthma were given oral theophylline 10 mg kg(-1) day(-1) or placebo for 2 weeks in a double-blind crossover study. (ox.ac.uk)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The small rebound deterioration in lung function following regular treatment with therapeutic doses of oral theophylline is consistent with the development of tolerance. (ox.ac.uk)
  • This is an injection that is used specifically for people with asthma caused by an allergy who need continuous or frequent treatment with oral corticosteroids. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Salmeterol and formoterol are available as combination products with inhaled corticosteroids that are approved for asthma in the United States (Advair, Symbicort, Dulera). (medscape.com)
  • After a period when fatalities appeared to be increasing [2], in recent years asthma-related mortality has progressively declined due to the develop- ment of specific asthma disease management programs, as well as the extensive use of in- haled corticosteroids [3]. (scirp.org)
  • The cornerstone of drug therapy emphasized in both the 1991 and the 1997 editions of the guidelines is the introduction of daily inhaled antiinflammatory medication (corticosteroids, cromolyn, or nedocromil) in patients with moderate or severe asthma. (aappublications.org)
  • Inhaled corticosteroids, one of the most successful therapies for any asthma, work by blocking the inflammation response in the lungs. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Oral corticosteroids are stronger form of drugs, generally used in the short term for serious asthma attacks. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Medical management of COPD involves a combination of drugs that include not only theophylline but also synthetic corticosteroids because of their anti-inflammatory properties. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Oral corticosteroids on hand to treat the next… Asthma exacerbations are a major cause of visits to an emergency room, especially for children. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Patients with mild persistent asthma who prefer not to use inhaled corticosteroids may use leukotriene receptor antagonists as monotherapy, but they are less effective. (aafp.org)
  • Inhaled corticosteroids improve asthma control and quality of life and reduce asthma symptom severity, systemic steroid use, emergency department visits and hospitalizations, and deaths. (aafp.org)
  • Long-acting beta 2 agonists are effective for control of persistent asthma symptoms and are the preferred agents to add to inhaled corticosteroids in patients 12 years and older, but they are not recommended for use as monotherapy. (aafp.org)
  • Asthma is cats has been most commonly treated with corticosteroids, either long acting injections (known as depomedrol) or oral prednisolone tablets. (1800petmeds.com)
  • New asthma drugs: small molecule inhaled corticosteroids. (springer.com)
  • Most adults with asthma, even those with infrequent symptoms, benefit from treatment with low-dose inhaled corticosteroids. (mydr.com.au)
  • You'll only ever be given theophylline intravenously if you're in hospital (usually in the form of aminophylline). (asthma.org.uk)
  • Taking theophylline and aminophylline may deplete vitamin B6. (stlukes-stl.com)
  • Drug Monograph: Theophylline, Aminophylline, 2016. (stlukes-stl.com)
  • Does aminophylline cure asthma? (healthtap.com)
  • High blood theophylline levels can lead to symptoms of toxicity (see below). (medicinenet.com)
  • Certain groups of patients breakdown theophylline slowly, and can develop elevated blood levels and potential toxicity even on normal doses. (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline toxicity can cause nausea , vomiting , insomnia , seizures , agitation and life- threatening heart rhythm abnormalities. (medicinenet.com)
  • Fisher J, Graudins A. Intermittent haemodialysis and sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) for acute theophylline toxicity. (medscape.com)
  • Seneff M, Scott J, Friedman B, Smith M. Acute theophylline toxicity and the use of esmolol to reverse cardiovascular instability. (medscape.com)
  • Kearney TE, Manoguerra AS, Curtis GP, Ziegler MG. Theophylline toxicity and the beta-adrenergic system. (medscape.com)
  • We report a case in which episodic, bizarre behavior was the principle manifestation of theophylline toxicity. (annals.org)
  • Acute theophylline toxicity presents with rapid heart rate and nausea. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Chronic theophylline toxicity is associated with an increased risk of seizures and abnormal heart rhythms (cardiac dysrhythmias). (labtestsonline.org)
  • At very high doses, symptoms similar to those found with theophylline toxicity may be seen. (labtestsonline.org)
  • [ quantify ] Its use must be monitored by direct measurement of serum theophylline levels to avoid toxicity . (wikipedia.org)
  • [8] Theophylline toxicity can be treated with beta blockers . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic theophylline toxicity is associated with an increased risk of seizures. (labtestsonline.org.uk)
  • Administration of the median theophylline dose required to achieve a therapeutic serum theophylline concentration in a given population may result in either sub-therapeutic or potentially toxic serum theophylline concentrations in individual patients. (rxlist.com)
  • Background Theophylline has a narrow therapeutic range and large interindividual variability in blood levels, so a thorough understanding of its pharmacokinetic characteristics is essential. (cdc.gov)
  • Therapeutic agents used in the chronic management of asthma aim to prevent symptoms by controlling airway inflammation and hyperreactivity. (aafp.org)
  • The use of theophylline is complicated by its interaction with various drugs and by the fact that it has a narrow therapeutic window . (wikipedia.org)
  • Addition of theophylline to ICS has similar therapeutic effects on improving lung function as increasing the dose of ICS in the treatment of symptomatic asthma. (bvsalud.org)
  • Although multiple factors can cause poor responses and underlying pathogenic differences are being revealed explaining the various therapeutic responses including steroid insensitivity, effective therapeutic modalities for severe asthma still remained as a major unmet need. (springer.com)
  • Considering nowadays concept of severe asthma, heterogeneity, the improvement of the characterization of the patients is required to achieve appropriate therapeutic responses for severe asthma. (springer.com)
  • Forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1), bronchial reactivity and asthma symptom scores were assessed before entering the study and after 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 9 months of treatment and monthly after treatment was stopped. (diva-portal.org)
  • The combined action of ambroxol and theophylline 7-acetic acid salt (acebrophylline) reduces the viscosity of the mucus, relaxes the bronchial smooth muscles and enables the phlegm to get cleared from the respiratory tract. (medindia.net)
  • It is used in the treatment of acute or chronic bronchitis , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bronchial asthma . (medindia.net)
  • It is prescribed for upper and lower respiratory tract infections such as bacterial pneumonia, lung abscess, acute and chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, lung abscess, bronchiectasis and diseases like bronchial asthma and obstructive airway disease whose course is complicated by infections. (medindia.net)
  • Bambuterol is a prodrug of terbutaline, prescribed for chronic bronchial asthma. (medindia.net)
  • It is used as inhalation for the prevention of bronchial asthma , nasal spray for rhinitis and prevention of recurrence of nasal polyps after surgical removal, orally for mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis , and on the skin for inflammatory skin conditions. (medindia.net)
  • Bronchial thermoplasty is a relatively new treatment for severe persistent adult asthma. (limamemorial.org)
  • The aim of this trial is to determine the efficacy of a combination of two botanicals oils, borage seed oil and echium seed oil, as a potential treatment for bronchial asthma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Leukotrienes are important in the pathogenesis of inflammation, and leukotriene modifying drugs are now an established treatment for bronchial asthma and rhinitis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The goal of the present study is to test the efficacy of dietary supplementation with GLA and SDA (provided in borage seed oil and echium seed oil) in treating bronchial asthma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Asthma in cats is best defined as chronic allergic bronchial airway disease. (1800petmeds.com)
  • We invited the 186 children aged 7-9 years from the Southampton area who had completed a previous study on bronchial hyperreactivity in children with wheeze or persistent cough, 23 to take part in a study on the role of viral infections in asthma. (bmj.com)
  • Although much progress has been made in our understanding of bronchial asthma in recent years, asthma remains a commonly encountered condition that challenges physicians in the office setting as well as in acute care settings. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • The inflammation of asthma leads to an associated increase in the existing bronchial hyperresponsiveness to a variety of stimuli.Although the absolute minimum criteria to establish a diagnosis of asthma are not widely agreed on, the presence of airway hyper-reactivity can be regarded as a sine qua non for patients with current symptoms and active asthma. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • K.M. Piafsky and R.I. Oglivie , Dosage of Theophylline in Bronchial Asthma , N. Engl. (springer.com)
  • This drug and it's close relatives are used to treat bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. (fsu.edu)
  • Theophylline works by inhibiting the enzyme phosphodiesterase thus producing an increase in intracellular cyclic AMP, causing a relaxation of muscles in the bronchial tubes and blood vessels of the lungs. (fsu.edu)
  • Prevent asthma exacerbations. (rxmed.com)
  • Asthma exacerbations are known as “attacks.†While underlying inflammation increases the tendency to have an attack, many people with asthma are symptom free most of the time. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • To study the association between upper and lower respiratory viral infections and acute exacerbations of asthma in schoolchildren in the community. (bmj.com)
  • Upper and lower respiratory viral infections detected by polymerase chain reaction or conventional methods, reported exacerbations of asthma, computer identified episodes of respiratory tract symptoms or peak flow reductions. (bmj.com)
  • This study supports the hypothesis that upper respiratory viral infections are associated with 80-85% of asthma exacerbations in school age children. (bmj.com)
  • Despite numerous studies, however, the cause of most exacerbations of asthma remains controversial. (bmj.com)
  • 2 3 The weighted average detection rates of viruses during exacerbations of asthma were 24% for incidental studies and 31.9% for prospective studies in children and 13.3% in adults. (bmj.com)
  • 5 6 7 8 Several studies have observed a temporal relation between viral infections and asthma exacerbations, 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 while others have found associations between severity of wheezing illness and rate of viral detection. (bmj.com)
  • We conducted a detailed 13 month longitudinal study to investigate the association of viral infections with exacerbations of asthma in 9-11 year old children in Southampton using the polymerase chain reaction to increase sensitivity of detection. (bmj.com)
  • The first trimester of pregnancy is generally free of exacerbations, with the increase in asthma symptoms usually peaking around the sixth month of gestation. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 8 The occurrence of asthma symptoms and exacerbations tends to decrease during the final month of pregnancy and during delivery, with only 10% to 20% of women experiencing symptoms. (uspharmacist.com)
  • It has previously been shown in mouse models of COPD that the use of Theophylline in combination with steroid restores steroid sensitivity to this inflammatory response. (aptuit.com)
  • Here we investigated the combination of Theophylline and steroid in a mouse model of severe asthma to determine the effects on neutrophilic inflammation and show whether there is a mechanistic similarity with the mouse COPD model. (aptuit.com)
  • How does chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (or COPD) overlap with asthma? (acaai.org)
  • It may be that your asthma or COPD is getting worse and your doctor might need to give you another medicine. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • It appears unlikely that either drug affects the natural history of asthma / copd . (healthtap.com)
  • Incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) of which asthma is the commonest manifestation is growing by leaps and bounds in two most populous countries, India and China due to rapid growth of industrialization and associated rise in air pollution. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Theophylline is also used as an additive to some 50 medicines sold as fixed dose combination for the treatment of COPD in India. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Because theophylline suppresses the liver enzymes responsible for the synthesis of vitamin D, a COPD patient who is otherwise vitamin D replete, if taking theophylline would require vitamin D supplementation, or else the patient will quickly become vitamin D deficient and become osteoporotic as well as suffer from imbalances in hormones and minerals that maintain bone health causing rise in fracture risk. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Overall, our research should create awareness among clinicians about increasing the risk of osteoporosis and altering mineral regulation in COPD patients who are prescribed theophylline and preventing adverse impacts by supplementing the pateints with vitamin D. (atlasofscience.org)
  • In fact, although the cost of doxophylline was higher than that of theophyllne, doxofylline resulted to be associated with a reduction of the overall cost related with COPD and/or asthma management [ 7 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Theophylline , also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine , is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is evidence these patients require more asthma therapy, generally have poorer control and may go on to develop COPD in later life. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • According to the Mayo Clinic, the first step in diagnosing asthma is a physical exam to rule out other possible conditions such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). (thirdage.com)
  • The aim of the book is to provide an in-depth review of our current understanding of the pathogenesis of both asthma and COPD. (indigo.ca)
  • Evaluation of New Drugs for Asthma and COPD: Endpoints, biomarkers and clinical trial designs. (indigo.ca)
  • Bitolterol mesylate (Tornalate) is a short-acting β2 adrenergic receptor agonist used for the relief of bronchospasm in conditions such as asthma and COPD. (wikipedia.org)
  • After starting Advair I observed I didn't have such attacks when I missed a dose of theophylline. (blogspot.com)
  • The dose of theophylline must be individualized on the basis of peak serum theophylline concentration measurements in order to achieve a dose that will provide maximum potential benefit with minimal risk of adverse effects. (rxlist.com)
  • Do not crush or chew the tablets as this will cause the whole dose of theophylline to be released and absorbed into the body at once. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • You should tell your doctor if you are a smoker, as you may need a higher than normal dose of theophylline. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • St. John's Wort, rifampin, and carbamazepine decrease levels of theophylline and potentially its effect by increasing its elimination. (medicinenet.com)
  • These drugs can increase the levels of theophylline in your body. (healthline.com)
  • Increases risk of high levels of theophylline in the blood. (healthinaging.org)
  • While this medication has fallen out of favor as a first line medication in the treatment of asthma, it should not be overlooked as an option for many patients with asthma. (healthcentral.com)
  • This study was designed to investigate the possibility that medication can affect perception of the sensation of asthma independently of changes in lung function. (portlandpress.com)
  • Why is Theophylline medication prescribed? (pharmaoffshore.com)
  • This medication is contraindicated in patients having suffered from coronary artery disease, peptic ulcers, and allergy to theophylline. (druggstorre.net)
  • After a one-week evaluation of baseline theophylline therapy (with adjunctive medication), the patients substituted evening doses of the once-daily drug in approximate milligram-for-milligram equivalent doses. (docphin.com)
  • To stop an asthma-related cough, identify and avoid your triggers, take medication to treat your asthma, and make yourself comfortable. (wikihow.com)
  • A stepwise approach is recommended where medication types and doses are increased or decreased based on the level of asthma control. (limamemorial.org)
  • Stopping or reducing the intake of medication during pregnancy can make symptoms worse for women with any type of asthma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Has Asthma Medication Use in Children Become More Frequent, More Appropriate, or Both? (aappublications.org)
  • Maintain acceptable asthma control and determine minimal medication required to achieve asthma control. (rxmed.com)
  • Your child may have lung function tests at rest, after exercising and after taking asthma medication. (mayoclinic.org)
  • This is because the long-term effects of asthma medication on infants and young children aren't clear. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The right medication for your child depends on a number of things, including his or her age, symptoms, asthma triggers and what seems to work best to keep his or her asthma under control. (mayoclinic.org)
  • When control of asthma has been maintained for several weeks or months, an attempt should be made to reduce medication within the bounds of acceptable control. (cmaj.ca)
  • Severity of asthma is ideally assessed by medication required to maintain asthma control. (cmaj.ca)
  • Doxofylline was as effective as theophylline in improving FEV 1 , and a trend of superiority ( P = 0.058) was detected for doxofylline over theophylline with respect to the reduction in the use of salbutamol as rescue medication. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Long-term control medication is an important part of a treatment program for individuals with persistent asthma. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Immunotherapy should be considered in persons with asthma triggered by confirmed allergies if they are experiencing adverse effects with medication or have other comorbid allergic conditions. (aafp.org)
  • Mnemonic effects of asthma medication in children. (nih.gov)
  • Each of the five steps of asthma management based on medication prescribed consists of progressively more additions to therapy (see box). (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Theophylline may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Completeness of absorption and fluctuations in serum, theophylline concentration were examined in 14 children, 8 to 17 years of age (mean 12.4), with chronic asthma treated in variable sequence with a slow-release formulation at eight- and 12-hour intervals, and plain tablets every six hours. (nih.gov)
  • Steroid tablets may sometimes be prescribed for people having a temporary flare-up of their asthma. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • THEOLAIR Tablets contain 125 mg or 250 mg of theophylline anhydrous intended for oral administration. (rxlist.com)
  • THEOLAIR (theophylline tablets) Tablets also contain: colloidal silicon dioxide, lactose , magnesium stearate, and pregelatinized starch. (rxlist.com)
  • Albuterol 2mg theophylline 100mg tablets is a combination of medicines used for treating asthma. (daynightdrugs.com)
  • Nuelin SA prolonged-release tablets contain the active ingredient theophylline. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Nuelin SA tablets are designed to release the theophylline slowly over 12 hours. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • It is usually taken orally- theophylline is available in many forms, from short-acting tablets and syrups to longer-acting sustained release tablets and capsules. (rxmed.com)
  • Severe asthma patients present with a steroid-resistant neutrophilic airway inflammation which is poorly controlled by steroids, even when additional high dose oral steroid treatment is used. (aptuit.com)
  • Severe asthma attacks will be treated with one of these medicines given by injection or using a nebuliser. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • They are not often used in asthma - usually only via a nebuliser in the emergency treatment of a moderate to severe flare-up. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • LABA may increase the chance of severe asthma episodes and death when those episodes occur. (medscape.com)
  • they have also occurred in a few patients with less severe asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Charytan D, Jansen K. Severe metabolic complications from theophylline intoxication. (medscape.com)
  • People with severe asthma should have regular blood tests to monitor the amount of potassium in their blood. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • If asthma is severe or not treated effectively, symptoms during pregnancy can increase the risk of complications. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • According to a 2013 medical review , women with mild asthma are unlikely to experience more severe symptoms during pregnancy. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Women with moderate to severe asthma may find that pregnancy makes their symptoms worse. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A 58-year-old black woman with severe asthma was hospitalized for evaluation of episodes of bizarre behavior occurring over the 4 days before admission. (annals.org)
  • Prospective, single-arm, longitudinal, international, multicenter study in a real-world cohort of adult severe asthma participants being conducted to assess the relationships between asthma biomarkers and asthma-related health-outcomes for a period of 52 weeks. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Our research on laboratory animals has shown that theophylline kills the bone-forming cells, osteoblasts, and simultaneously hyper-activates the bone degrading cells, osteoclasts and together these processes induce severe bone loss. (atlasofscience.org)
  • However, severe cases can quickly become life-threateningâ€"and each year some 5,000 Americans suffer fatal asthma attacks. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • So asthmatics are about 50% more likely to have GERD than the general population, and this is especially true for those with steroid resistant asthma, or severe asthma . (healthcentral.com)
  • Compared with pregnant women with mild asthma, those with severe asthma were more likely to experience a worsening of disease progression during their pregnancy. (uspharmacist.com)
  • One study with over 18,000 adults found that those who experienced severe depression, anxiety or stress in their childhood had a greater risk of having asthma . (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • Stop using theophylline and call your doctor at once if you have severe or continued vomiting, rapid heartbeats, confusion, tremors, or seizure. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • If you find that your asthma improves after you start taking it, it's important that you don't stop taking any of your other medicines, as this will cause your symptoms to get worse again. (asthma.org.uk)
  • Theophylline to take at home is usually prescribed by a specialist for adults and children whose asthma isn't well managed with other medicines. (asthma.org.uk)
  • Theophylline isn't suitable for everyone, including people with certain health conditions or people who are taking some medicines ( see below ). (asthma.org.uk)
  • It is very important that the person prescribing you medicines to help manage your asthma knows your full medical history and understands what other medicines you're taking," says Dr Andy. (asthma.org.uk)
  • In this section you'll find information about the different medicines that your doctor can prescribe to keep your asthma under control and allow you to lead a full, unrestricted life. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • You may be prescribed one or several of these medicines, depending on the severity of your asthma. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These medicines might be added to your asthma treatment if your asthma is not controlled with a regular preventer steroid inhaler and a regular long-acting beta agonist inhaler. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines are taken on a regular basis to reduce the inflammation in your lungs and make it less likely that you will have an asthma attack. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These medicines are taken regularly by mouth, usually as an add-on treatment for asthma not well controlled with regular steroid preventer inhalers and long-acting beta agonists. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • This is because low oxygen levels in the blood (hypoxia) and various asthma medicines, including this one, can lower blood potassium levels. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These medicines should be taken every day to prevent asthma symptoms even when the asthma seems better. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Steroid pills and syrups reduce swelling and help other asthma medicines work better. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Asthma UK estimate that 5.4 million adults and children in the UK are living with asthma, but as many as half are not taking their prescribed medicines properly, leading to someone experiences a potentially life-threatening asthma attack every 10 seconds. (napp.co.uk)
  • Napp is committed to improving the treatment of asthma through the medicines and educational services we provide. (napp.co.uk)
  • It almost seems asthma and GERD have a synergistic relationship, where some asthma medicines may worsen GERD, and GERD may worsen asthma. (healthcentral.com)
  • Actually, AAAAI notes a study that showed reflux therapy improved asthma symptoms in 69 percent of subjects, and reduced the need for asthma medicines in 62 percent of subjects. (healthcentral.com)
  • Asthma treatment involves working with your doctor to create an asthma management plan, taking asthma medicines as needed, avoiding asthma triggers where possible and following lifestyle advice. (mydr.com.au)
  • This will help you to manage your asthma and identify when your asthma is getting worse by recognising your symptoms, understanding your peak flow readings and understanding your asthma medicines. (mydr.com.au)
  • Most asthma medicines are delivered by an inhaler device, although some are available in tablet or liquid form, or for people in hospital, by injection. (mydr.com.au)
  • Preventer medicines are medicines that are taken every day to keep your asthma under control. (mydr.com.au)
  • The steady-state peak serum theophylline concentration is a function of the dose, the dosing interval, and the rate of theophylline absorption and clearance in the individual patient. (rxlist.com)
  • Do not use generic albuterol 2mg theophylline 100mg pills if you are allergic to it or any of the ingredients present in it. (daynightdrugs.com)
  • I could not be without Albuterol (2mg) + Theophylline (100mg) Tab. (daynightdrugs.com)
  • A short-acting beta-agonist (like albuterol) is recommended as the first-line treatment for exercise-induced asthma. (limamemorial.org)
  • Study objective: To determine the efficacy of theophylline when given in addition to nebulized albuterol and intravenously administered corticosterold to children hospitalized with mild to moderate asthma. (northwestern.edu)
  • 3. In the group as a whole, theophylline improved lung function (mean peak flow and dynamic lung volumes) without affecting mean visual analogue scores, beclomethasone improved mean visual analogue scores with much less effect on lung function, while cromoglycate had a small though consistent effect on both. (portlandpress.com)
  • Theophylline is used to prevent and treat wheezing , shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing caused by asthma , chronic bronchitis , emphysema , and other lung diseases . (pharmaoffshore.com)
  • Occupational Asthma (OA) is a lung disorder that occurs due to exposure to toxic substances at the workplace. (medindia.net)
  • An acute asthma presentation is characterized by progressive symptoms of shortness of breath, a non-productive cough, wheezing in all lung fields, and chest tightness due to a decrease in expiratory airflow. (saem.org)
  • Preventing and treating symptoms and blockage of airway due to asthma or other lung diseases (eg, emphysema, bronchitis). (fr.nf)
  • Essentially, asthma is an inflammatory lung condition that makes it difficult to breathe properly. (limamemorial.org)
  • Asthma is a long-term lung condition that can be well-managed with the right treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Additional information available from the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, 1717 Massachusetts Ave., Suite 305, Washington, DC 20036, Or The Canadian Lung Association www.lung.ca. (rxmed.com)
  • Metaproterenol controls symptoms of asthma and other lung diseases but does not cure them. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If the diagnosis of asthma is uncertain after lung function tests, your doctor might recommend measuring the level of nitric oxide in an exhaled sample of your child's breath. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Asthma is a chronic breathing disorder and lung disease that affects as many as 20 million Americans. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • They are effective at improving asthma symptoms and lung function, but not to the same extent as inhaled steroids. (nationaljewish.org)
  • According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), children who have respiratory infections, allergies, eczema or parents with asthma are at higher risk of developing asthma that will last beyond six years of age. (thirdage.com)
  • In the early days of drug treatment for asthma, there were limited treatments -- most of the drugs had significant side effects because they didn't directly target the breathing tubes of individuals with asthma. (healthcentral.com)
  • 5. Perception of bronchoconstriction in asthma can be affected by drugs independently of control of the condition. (portlandpress.com)
  • Which drugs or supplements interact with theophylline? (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline belongs to a class of drugs called methylxanthines. (healthline.com)
  • Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with theophylline are listed below. (healthline.com)
  • When you take these drugs with theophylline, you may need a larger dose for them to work. (healthline.com)
  • List of drugs used to treat the medical condition called Asthma. (medindia.net)
  • Before you undergo a surgery, inform your doctor about the use of salbutamol+theophylline asthma care drugs. (daynightdrugs.com)
  • Drugs that inhibit an inflammation-causing chemical released by the immune system can treat asthma. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Though the effect is generally mild, these drugs can cure both allergic and non allergic asthma. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Theophylline and caffeine are drugs that ease breathing and stimulate respiration (methylxanthines). (labtestsonline.org)
  • Both theophylline and caffeine levels may need to be monitored because the range of concentrations in which the drugs are effective but not toxic is narrow and in some cases the dose given does not always correlate well with concentrations in the blood. (labtestsonline.org)
  • Assistance with the prescription drugs and biologics used in the treatment of asthma. (healthwellfoundation.org)
  • B.B. Fredholm, P. Hedqvist and L. Vernet , Effect of Theophylline and Other Drugs on Rabbit Renal Phosphodiesterase, 5′-Nucleotidase and Adenosine Deaminase , Biochem. (springer.com)
  • Many drugs can interact with theophylline. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Many drugs interact and interfere with the metabolism of theophylline. (labtestsonline.org.uk)
  • For a given population there is no single theophylline dose that will provide both safe and effective serum concentrations for all patients. (rxlist.com)
  • Dosage adjustment should be guided by serum theophylline concentration measurement (see PRECAUTIONS , Laboratory Tests and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, Table VI ). (rxlist.com)
  • If the patient's symptoms are well controlled, there are no apparent adverse effects, and no intervening factors that might alter dosage requirements (see WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS ), serum theophylline concentrations should be monitored at 6 month intervals for rapidly growing children and at yearly intervals for all others. (rxlist.com)
  • In acutely ill patients, serum theophylline concentrations should be monitored at frequent intervals, e.g., every 24 hours. (rxlist.com)
  • Table VI contains recommendations for theophylline dosage adjustment based upon serum theophylline concentrations. (rxlist.com)
  • In general, these recommendations should serve as the upper limit for dosage adjustments in order to decrease the risk of potentially serious adverse events associated with unexpected large increases in serum theophylline concentration. (rxlist.com)
  • Serum lactate level measured at 5 hr after admission was 51 mmol/L (normal 0.7-2.1 mmol/L). Serum theophylline concentration measured at 13 hr after admission was 8.64 mg/mL. (kjim.org)
  • In the late 1990s, theophylline was relegated to second or third line status in the treatment of chronic asthma. (healthcentral.com)
  • Whether theophylline is an option for your asthma treatment should be discussed with your doctor. (healthcentral.com)
  • Some people with asthma are prescribed theophylline as an 'add on' treatment, to take as well as their usual reliever and preventer asthma inhalers. (asthma.org.uk)
  • If you're given theophylline to take at home, it's an 'add-on' to your usual medicine and does not take the place of any other treatment you're taking unless otherwise instructed to by your healthcare professional," says Dr Andy. (asthma.org.uk)
  • Changes in the slope and position of the regression lines of asthma scores on PEF were used to measure changes in perception of asthma on each treatment. (portlandpress.com)
  • In the theophylline group, FEV1 was unchanged during the 9 months of treatment. (diva-portal.org)
  • 0.02, respectively) and when treatment was stopped no increase in asthma symptoms was evident. (diva-portal.org)
  • Therefore, theophylline blood levels are monitored periodically during treatment to assure achievement of optimal and safe levels. (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline is a safe and more effective pain treatment for Post-dural puncture headaches than acetaminophen. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Theophylline could be used in the treatment of muscle wasting associated with cancer cachexia. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • A preventer steroid inhaler is the first treatment that will be prescribed for people who need to use their blue reliever inhaler more than twice a week, who get night-time asthma symptoms at least once a week, or who have had a flare-up of their asthma in the last two years. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • A one or two week course of treatment can regain control of asthma that has temporarily got worse for some reason. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Learn about the triggers and treatment for allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage allergy and asthma symptoms. (acaai.org)
  • They are used for the preventive treatment of nocturnal asthma or exercise-induced asthmatic symptoms, for example. (medscape.com)
  • The fact that treatment of asthma with corticos-teroids reduces eosinophils numbers and decreases airway reactivity further supports this hypothesis. (scirp.org)
  • Doctors should give patients a written asthma action plan, which includes information on daily treatment and ways to recognize worsening asthma. (limamemorial.org)
  • Asthma can affect pregnancy when a woman does not receive the right treatment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If a woman controls asthma symptoms with effective treatment, they are unlikely to cause any pregnancy complications. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It is important to continue with asthma treatment during pregnancy. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The aim of asthma treatment during pregnancy is to avoid flare-ups. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Theophylline is widely used in the treatment of reversible obstructive pulmonary disease. (annals.org)
  • Despite national initiatives to improve asthma medical treatment, the appropriateness of physician prescribing for children with asthma remains unknown. (aappublications.org)
  • The pharmacologic treatment of childhood asthma has changed as the burden of illness has increased. (aappublications.org)
  • Ensure regular follow up with your physician to review asthma control and compliance to treatment and environmental control issues. (rxmed.com)
  • The goal of asthma treatment is to keep symptoms under control all of the time. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Initial treatment depends on the severity of your child's asthma. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Conference participants retained the concept of the asthma treatment continuum adopted at the 1995 Canadian Asthma Consensus Conference. (cmaj.ca)
  • Once asthma is well controlled, one of the best ways to judge severity is to determine the level of treatment needed to maintain acceptable control ( Table 3 and Fig. 1 ). (cmaj.ca)
  • In addition, when animal bones were surgically fractured, theophylline treatment delayed fracture healing. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Theophylline, a methylxanthine drug induces osteopenia and alters calciotropic hormones, and prophylactic vitamin D treatment protects against these changes in rats. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Nowadays large-scale quantitative synthesis comparing the efficacy and safety profile of doxofylline vs. theophylline in the treatment of asthma is still lacking. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Doxofylline is an effective and safe methylxanthine for the treatment of asthma, with an efficacy/safety profile greater than that of theophylline. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Anti-IgE is a form of treatment for asthma management and allergic diseases. (nationaljewish.org)
  • A handout on this topic is available at https://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/asthma/treatment.html . (aafp.org)
  • In 2004, a small clinical study compared theophylline to methylphenidate for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. (wikipedia.org)
  • The treatment group received intravenous theophylline therapy and the placebo group dextrose in water. (northwestern.edu)
  • Marax is a drug used for treatment of asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • It should be reviewed with your doctor yearly and whenever there is a change in your asthma treatment. (mydr.com.au)
  • Heterogeneity in the pattern of asthma inflammation has been recognized, consistent with the interpretation that phenotypic differences exist that influence treatment response. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • Since asthma may change over time, it's essential you work closely with your doctor to track your symptoms and if needed, adjust your treatment. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • Although there have been some tremendous advances in asthma treatment and guidelines, asthma still causes human death. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • Theophylline in the Treatment of Respiratory Disease. (indigo.ca)
  • Choline may help reduce the severity and the number of asthma attacks. (medindia.net)
  • Asthma attacks vary in frequency and severity. (rxmed.com)
  • The initial measure of the severity of asthma in a patient is based on the frequency and duration of respiratory symptoms and the degree of airflow limitation. (cmaj.ca)
  • An asthma attack may last only a few minutes or go on for several days, and the severity can vary greatly. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • Using Hepa air filters in the home can improve air quality and possibly lessen the severity of feline asthma. (1800petmeds.com)
  • 6-8 It is important to note that this increased incidence depends upon the severity of the asthma prior to pregnancy asthma. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 6 A classification of asthma severity and control appears in TABLE 1 . (uspharmacist.com)
  • Furthermore, a significant relationship was found between an increase in asthma symptoms or severity and decreased fetal growth. (uspharmacist.com)
  • The presentation of acute asthma is typically referred to as an asthma "exacerbation. (saem.org)
  • A history from a patient that they are experiencing their typical asthma exacerbation symptoms will often be all that is needed to guide further diagnosis and management. (saem.org)
  • The first clinical decision that needs to be made when approaching a patient with an asthma exacerbation is whether there is an immediate need for definitive airway management. (saem.org)
  • What is an asthma exacerbation? (atlasofscience.org)
  • 1 It is reported that 4.1 million children experienced at least one asthma exacerbation in 2011. (aafp.org)
  • Patients having an acute attack of asthma often give a history of a "cold" before the onset of the exacerbation. (bmj.com)
  • Multiple studies have demonstrated increased exacerbation and hospitalization rates in pregnant women with asthma. (uspharmacist.com)
  • It is a combination of theophylline, ephedra, and hydroxyzine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additional supplements that are useful for people with asthma are described in the table. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • Combination medicine can be used in certain people with asthma and acts as both a reliever and long-term preventer medicine. (mydr.com.au)
  • Most people with asthma also have allergies. (thirdage.com)
  • These agents are used to treat bronchospasm in acute asthmatic episodes, and used to prevent bronchospasm associated with exercise-induced asthma or nocturnal asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Perhaps I'm a stubborn old asthmatic (although I'm only 42), or perhaps I have a viable argument, but I contend it's time physicians got over their fear of theophylline and start prescribing it again for asthmatics who need it. (blogspot.com)
  • Our case suggests that a possibility of theophylline-associated metabolic abnormalities should be considered when an asthmatic patient given the usual theophylline dose presents with lactic acidosis, hypokalemia and hyperglycemia of unknown etiology. (kjim.org)
  • Asthmatic children receiving theophylline or steroid-theophylline combination therapy and normal nonasthmatics were given tests of visual retention and paired-associate learning. (nih.gov)
  • Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • I suppose I should add the fear of theophylline to my growing list of myths of respiratory therapy . (blogspot.com)
  • You may need to get tested for asthma, a respiratory condition that is induced by allergies. (medindia.net)
  • The most common trigger of acute asthma is an upper respiratory tract infection. (saem.org)
  • Measurements and main results: Twice-daily assessments of clinical asthma symptoms were made by using a scoring system consisting of respiratory rate, inspiratory/expiratory ratio, wheeze, and accessory muscle use. (northwestern.edu)
  • 5 Factors that may worsen the course of asthma include increased stress, gastroesophageal reflux, and increased occurrence of viral or bacterial respiratory tract infection. (uspharmacist.com)
  • The earliest reference to respiratory distress is believed to have originated in China in 2600 B.C . Back then, wheezing or "noisy breathing" characterized asthma. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • The first occurrence of the term "asthma" was by Hippocrates in approximately 400 B.C. and described respiratory distress or panting. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • Oxitropium proves to be a valuable alternative to theophylline in nocturnal asthma, since it is equally potent, safer and does not require the titration of dosage. (bmj.com)
  • What is the dosage for theophylline? (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline distributes poorly into body fat, therefore, mg/kg dose should be calculated on the basis of ideal body weight. (rxlist.com)
  • It is important you always go for these tests, even if you are well, because it means your GP or asthma nurse can make sure that the level of theophylline in your blood stays at a safe level," says Dr Andy. (asthma.org.uk)
  • There is a narrow margin between the blood level of theophylline that is needed for the medicine to be effective and the blood level that is high enough to cause side effects. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Smoking cigarettes or marijuana can affect the amount of theophylline in your body. (healthline.com)
  • A small amount of theophylline is one of the products of caffeine metabolic processing in the liver . (wikipedia.org)
  • 4. There was no significant effect of theophylline, db-cAMP, salbutamol or rolipram on colony formation or the survival of progenitor cells from normal subjects. (elsevier.com)
  • Theophylline is excreted in breast milk and may cause mild side effects such as irritability in the infant. (medicinenet.com)
  • Two days before, she was diagnosed with mild persistent asthma for the first time in our Allergy Clinic. (kjim.org)
  • Very mild asthma is treated with short-acting β 2 -agonists, taken as needed. (cmaj.ca)
  • These allergy shots can be helpful in mild-to-moderate allergic asthma. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Mild cases of asthma usually involve brief self-limiting coughing that generally will not affect your pet long term. (1800petmeds.com)
  • The characteristic signals, distinguishing theophylline from related methylxanthines, are approximately 3.23δ and 3.41δ, corresponding to the unique methylation possessed by theophylline. (wikipedia.org)
  • A large-scale study of once-daily evening doses of theophylline. (docphin.com)
  • 18. The method of claim 1, wherein the administering comprises administering to the subject having an allergic condition other than asthma multiple doses of the isolated polymer to treat the allergic condition. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Fluticasone at different doses for chronic asthma in adults and children. (springer.com)
  • However, if you get exercise-induced asthma, your doctor might recommend that you inhale one or 2 measured doses of your reliever before exercise. (mydr.com.au)
  • Theophylline overdose can occur if you accidentally take too much at one time, or if your daily doses are too high. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Theophylline is used for the relief and prevention of airway narrowing (bronchospasm) in patients with asthma . (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline is a chemical cousin of caffeine, which relaxes muscles in the lungs and chest, and makes the lungs less sensitive to allergens and other causes of bronchospasm. (cialisda.com)
  • When the body forms a type of antibody called IgE (immunoglobulin E), allergic rhinitis, asthma or eczema may result when the patient is again exposed to the substance which caused IgE antibody formation (allergen). (acaai.org)
  • The most common allergic diseases are described, including allergic rhinitis (nasal allergies), allergic conjunctivitis ( eye allergies ), allergic asthma , urticaria ( hives ), and food allergies . (medicinenet.com)
  • We hypothesize that low dose theophylline in persistent allergic rhinitis improves total nasal symptom score (TNSS). (ersjournals.com)
  • If you experience wheezing, coughing, chest tightness or shortness of breath at work, you may have occupational asthma. (acaai.org)
  • These actions in the airway cause coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath (dyspnea), the classic symptoms of asthma. (limamemorial.org)
  • Asthma is a chronic disorder with recurrent attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath and cough. (rxmed.com)
  • Your asthma triggers wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • Theophylline does the same thing, and so do caffeine and alcohol. (healthcentral.com)
  • Theophylline may also be prescribed to treat apnoea in premature babies, but caffeine citrate is the preferred medicine. (labtestsonline.org.uk)
  • Theophylline is structurally classified as a methylxanthine. (rxlist.com)
  • Theophylline can improve breathing in other ways, such as strengthening the diaphragm, the main muscle that we use to bring air into our lungs. (healthcentral.com)
  • Many individuals with asthma feel out of breath or find it hard to catch their breath as if they can't get air out of their lungs. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • Theophylline also can be helpful in patients with emphysema and chronic bronchitis when their symptoms are partially related to reversible airway narrowing. (medicinenet.com)
  • It is effective against asthma, pulmonary emphysema, and bronchitis. (druggstorre.net)
  • This medicine is used to treat the symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • It is used to heal asthma and chronic bronchitis. (cialisda.com)
  • He wrote for HealthCentral as a health professional for Asthma and Allergy. (healthcentral.com)
  • Your doctor might try you on one of these for a few weeks if your asthma is caused by an allergy. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Steer clear of gifts that will trigger allergy and asthma symptoms. (acaai.org)
  • Here are definitions of some of the words frequently encountered in literature on allergy and asthma. (acaai.org)
  • Some doctors use allergy shots to reduce allergen-induced asthma flare-ups. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If your child seems to have asthma that's triggered by allergies, the doctor may want to do allergy skin testing. (mayoclinic.org)
  • According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology ( AAAAI.org ), a sphincter at the bottom of your esophagus remains closed while food is being digested to prevent backwash. (healthcentral.com)
  • No subject reported side effects of oxitropium, as compared to three subjects reporting nausea, vomiting and tremors after theophylline. (bmj.com)
  • Management of theophylline overdose patients in the intensive care unit. (medscape.com)
  • Metabolic and electrolyte abnormalities, including hypokalemia, hyperglycemia and lactic acidosis, are associated with theophylline overdose. (kjim.org)
  • When you take theophylline at home it's usually as a tablet or capsule that lasts all day. (asthma.org.uk)
  • If you take theophylline every day at home, this type of it will not be useful during an asthma attack," says Dr Andy. (asthma.org.uk)
  • How often do you need to take theophylline? (asthma.org.uk)
  • Do not take theophylline in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Two hours later, she inhaled 5 consecutive puffs of salbutamol, a short acting β 2 -agonist, regarding the palpitation as one of asthma symptoms and the palpitation continued for 3 hr before presentation. (kjim.org)
  • A pairwise and network meta-analyses were performed to assess the impact of doxofylline vs. theophylline and placebo on the change in asthma events, risk of adverse events (AEs), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV 1 ), and salbutamol use. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Expression of Bcl-2 protein on progenitor cells of asthma was downregulated by theophylline, salbutamol, db-cAMP and rolipram. (elsevier.com)
  • The effects of a new inhaled antimuscarinic drug, oxitropium bromide, and of a slow-release theophylline preparation upon nocturnal asthma were compared in a placebo-controlled double-blind study. (bmj.com)
  • Following withdrawal of theophylline there were significantly lower values for mean FEV1 (mean difference 0.151, 95% CI 0.03, 026) and PD20 AMP compared to placebo but no difference in other end points. (ox.ac.uk)
  • p=0.88) were not significantly different between the theophylline and placebo groups. (northwestern.edu)
  • We conducted a double-blind, randomised placebo controlled crossover study of Theophylline 200 mgs twice a day for 4 weeks in 21 patients with persistent rhinitis. (ersjournals.com)
  • On beclomethasone, perception of asthma was reduced in most subjects, often with no discernible improvement in mean peak flow or dynamic spirometry. (portlandpress.com)
  • With beclomethasone therapy a reduction in symptoms of asthma may occur without any improvement in tests of air flow. (portlandpress.com)
  • Beclomethasone is a synthetic steroid, prescribed for asthma attacks. (medindia.net)
  • Theophylline is not a steroid . (asthma.org.uk)
  • Theophylline increases the expression and activity of HDAC and improves steroid sensitivity thereby decreases oxidative stress. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Combination formoterol and budesonide as maintenance and reliever therapy versus inhaled steroid maintenance for chronic asthma in adults and children. (springer.com)
  • Short-term risks that may occur during the procedure include increased or worsening asthma attacks. (limamemorial.org)
  • This can occur when asthma symptoms regularly impede a woman's breathing. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • To make things more complicated, these conditions also commonly co-occur with asthma. (mayoclinic.org)
  • To complicate the issue further, these conditions also commonly occur with asthma. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Some lipid-based formulations of theophylline can result in toxic theophylline levels when taken with fatty meals, an effect called dose dumping , but this does not occur with most formulations of theophylline. (wikipedia.org)
  • 5. Theophylline and rolipram decreased colony formation committed to the eosinophil lineage, together with an increase in apoptosis through an inhibition of Bcl-2 expression effects that may occur through cAMP. (elsevier.com)
  • While feline asthma can occur in any aged cat, it is most common in middle age to senior cats and those who are overweight . (1800petmeds.com)
  • Asthma, an obstructive disorder characterized by airway inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness, and bronchoconstriction, affects 3.7% to 8.4% of pregnant women in the United States. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Tremendous progress has been made in our fundamental understanding of asthma pathogenesis by virtue of invasive research tools such as bronchoscopy, bronchoalveolar lavage, airway biopsy, and measurement of airway gases, although the cause of airway inflammation remains obscure. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • If you start wheezing or coughing during exercise, or if physical exertion makes it difficult for you to breathe, you may have exercise-induced asthma. (acaai.org)
  • Some otherwise healthy people can develop asthma symptoms only when they exercise, which is known as exercise-induced asthma (EIA) or exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Exercise-Induced Asthma. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Horita N, Miyazawa N, Kojima R, Inoue M, Ishigatsubo Y, Kaneko T. Chronic Use of Theophylline and Mortality in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Meta-analysis. (medscape.com)
  • Bronchospasms can result from many different health conditions (allergies, bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) but asthma is the most common cause. (limamemorial.org)
  • Used to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. (healthinaging.org)
  • Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibition required much higher concentrations (IC 50 ∼10 −3 M ). It is suggested that some of the anti-allergic actions of theophylline (clinical concentration range: 10 −5 -10 −4 M ) does not involve cyclic nucleotides but may be due to inhibition of the effects of endogenous adenosine. (springer.com)
  • Our research therefore suggests that theophylline not only increases the risk of fracture but also impairs body's ability to repair fracture. (atlasofscience.org)
  • In addition, theophylline increases parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) levels in blood. (atlasofscience.org)
  • 1-3 Although the 1980s were characterized by increases in asthma morbidity and mortality in the United States, these trends reached a plateau in the 1990s, and asthma mortality rates have declined since 1999. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • Theophylline may be used as part of a combination therapy. (healthline.com)
  • therefore, the main thrust of asthma therapy is to limit exposure to triggering factors and to reduce the inflammatory process using anti-inflammatory agents. (cmaj.ca)
  • While there is no conclusive evidence reflux therapy benefits asthma, it does control and prevent GERD. (healthcentral.com)
  • 1 Failure to step down asthma therapy. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Evidence-based practice guidelines have been disseminated with a goal of encouraging more frequent use of anti-inflammatory therapy to improve asthma outcomes. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • 1st-line therapy for chronic asthma. (studystack.com)
  • The anti-inflammatory properties of theophylline include an inhibition of circulating progenitor cells. (elsevier.com)
  • B.B. Fredholm, K. Brodin and K. Standberg , On the Mechanism of Relaxation of Tracheal Muscle by Theophylline and Other Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors , Acta pharm. (springer.com)
  • Because there were few alternatives, most patients with chronic asthma that caused daily symptoms between the 1960s and 1980s were taking some preparation of theophylline. (healthcentral.com)
  • 1. Perception of asthma by patients can be assessed from the relationship between symptom scores and peak expiratory flows. (portlandpress.com)
  • Two samples were studied: 12 patients received oxitropium at 600 micrograms (6 subjects) or at 400 micrograms t.i.d. (6 subjects) whereas 11 received theophylline at 300 mg b.i.d. (bmj.com)
  • Theophylline should be used cautiously in patients with high blood pressure , peptic ulcer disease, seizure disorders, and serious heart disease, especially heart rhythm problems. (medicinenet.com)
  • Theophylline is metabolized mainly by the liver and dosages should be reduced in patients with liver dysfunction. (medicinenet.com)
  • The inhalational form is not useful in patients with an acute attack of asthma. (medindia.net)
  • Table V contains theophylline dosing titration schema recommended for patients in various age groups and clinical circumstances. (rxlist.com)
  • On the other hand, patients with asthma symptoms without a history of asthma, should have other diagnoses considered. (saem.org)
  • Unlike other conditions which present with difficulty breathing, acute asthma requires definitive airway management in less than 1% of patients. (saem.org)
  • Acute asthma patients are often tachycardic (between 90-120 beats per minute) and tachypneic. (saem.org)
  • Even patients who show few daily effects of asthma may be in danger of a sudden worsening of symptoms. (limamemorial.org)
  • Patients should be taught skills to self-monitor and manage asthma. (limamemorial.org)
  • RESULTS: Six patients did not tolerate theophylline. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Environmental control and education should be instituted for all asthma patients. (cmaj.ca)
  • Since asthma is such a prevalent and potentially life-threatening disease, patients need to work with their doctors to create an integrative plan for health and wellness that they can live with, possibly for life. (wholehealthmd.com)
  • Many patients with asthma use complementary and alternative agents, most of which lack data regarding their safety or effectiveness. (aafp.org)
  • According to the National Review of Asthma Deaths, three people die every day in the UK as a consequence of asthma, but 46% of those deaths could have been avoided if those patients had been better managed in the year before, through effective prescribing or the use of a patient preferred type of inhalation device. (napp.co.uk)
  • GERD has been proven to be an asthma trigger , yet recent studies show it may even cause asthma in some patients. (healthcentral.com)
  • Patients: Twenty-nine patients with asthma between the ages of 2 and 16 years completed the study. (northwestern.edu)
  • All asthma patients who smoke or are exposed to smoke regularly should be identified and their smoking status recorded. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • 11 A different study found that, compared with their nonasthmatic counterparts, pregnant patients with asthma were more likely to experience the following adverse complications: preterm delivery, infant being small for gestational age, congenital malformations, increased infant hospital stay, preeclampsia, placenta previa, cesarean delivery, and increased maternal hospital stay. (uspharmacist.com)
  • 12 Given these increased risks among pregnant women with asthma, emphasis should be placed on improving asthma control in these patients. (uspharmacist.com)
  • To this extent, there has been much emphasis on early diagnosis and longitudinal care of patients with asthma, along with ensuring adherence to recommended therapies. (clevelandclinicmeded.com)
  • For a lot of asthma patients, physical activity can bring on these symptoms. (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • For children younger than age 3 who have symptoms of asthma, the doctor may use a wait-and-see approach. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Most people already know smoking cigarettes can make the symptoms of asthma worse, therefore, why wouldn't inhaling marijuana? (marijuanadoctors.com)
  • Acute asthma is a common presentation to emergency departments (ED), accounting for more than 2 million visits per year in the United States. (saem.org)
  • However, acute asthma can often be differentiated with a simple history and physical exam. (saem.org)
  • not effective for acute asthma attack. (studystack.com)
  • Because of differences in theophylline clearance, the dose needed to achieve a peak theophylline of 10 to 20 mcg/mL varies up to fourfold (e.g. 400 to 1600 mg orally daily for adults, 10 to 36 mg/kg/day for children). (drugs.com)
  • The theophylline dose was 200 mg orally twice daily. (kjim.org)
  • Asthma is a common condition in childhood with an estimated prevalence of 6.9% 1 (≤18 years of age) and one of the most frequent causes of pediatric hospitalization. (aappublications.org)