A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Measurement of the maximum rate of airflow attained during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are PEFR and PFR.
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA, the mucous membrane lining the NASAL CAVITIES.
A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.
A quaternary ammonium parasympathomimetic agent with the muscarinic actions of ACETYLCHOLINE. It is hydrolyzed by ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE at a considerably slower rate than ACETYLCHOLINE and is more resistant to hydrolysis by nonspecific CHOLINESTERASES so that its actions are more prolonged. It is used as a parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor agent and as a diagnostic aid for bronchial asthma. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1116)
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
A glucocorticoid used in the management of ASTHMA, the treatment of various skin disorders, and allergic RHINITIS.
Granular leukocytes with a nucleus that usually has two lobes connected by a slender thread of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing coarse, round granules that are uniform in size and stainable by eosin.
An anti-inflammatory, synthetic glucocorticoid. It is used topically as an anti-inflammatory agent and in aerosol form for the treatment of ASTHMA.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
A class of drugs designed to prevent leukotriene synthesis or activity by blocking binding at the receptor level.
Devices that cause a liquid or solid to be converted into an aerosol (spray) or a vapor. It is used in drug administration by inhalation, humidification of ambient air, and in certain analytical instruments.
Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A sudden intense and continuous aggravation of a state of asthma, marked by dyspnea to the point of exhaustion and collapse and not responding to the usual therapeutic efforts.
Agents causing the narrowing of the lumen of a bronchus or bronchiole.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Drugs that selectively bind to and activate beta-adrenergic receptors.
A form of hypersensitivity affecting the respiratory tract. It includes ASTHMA and RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
Family of house dust mites, in the superfamily Analgoidea, order Astigmata. They include the genera Dermatophagoides and Euroglyphus.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
Asthmatic adverse reaction (e.g., BRONCHOCONSTRICTION) to conventional NSAIDS including aspirin use.
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
The act of BREATHING out.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
The contamination of indoor air.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Abnormal increase of EOSINOPHILS in the blood, tissues or organs.
Any arthropod of the subclass ACARI except the TICKS. They are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin (MITE INFESTATIONS). Many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector. Mites also infest plants.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Any tests done on exhaled air.
A pyranoquinolone derivative that inhibits activation of inflammatory cells which are associated with ASTHMA, including eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, mast cells, monocytes, and platelets.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Derivatives of the steroid androstane having two double bonds at any site in any of the rings.
A small aerosol canister used to release a calibrated amount of medication for inhalation.
A cytokine synthesized by T-LYMPHOCYTES that produces proliferation, immunoglobulin isotype switching, and immunoglobulin production by immature B-LYMPHOCYTES. It appears to play a role in regulating inflammatory and immune responses.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
A chromone complex that acts by inhibiting the release of chemical mediators from sensitized mast cells. It is used in the prophylactic treatment of both allergic and exercise-induced asthma, but does not affect an established asthmatic attack.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the ETHANOLAMINE; (-NH2CH2CHOH) group and its derivatives.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Virus diseases caused by the PICORNAVIRIDAE.
Insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, BLATTELLIDAE, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach PERIPLANETA americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Skin irritant and allergen used in the manufacture of polyurethane foams and other elastomers.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
Compounds bind to and activate ADRENERGIC BETA-2 RECEPTORS.
Unsaturated pregnane derivatives containing two keto groups on side chains or ring structures.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
One of several basic proteins released from EOSINOPHIL cytoplasmic granules. Eosinophil cationic protein is a 21-kDa cytotoxic peptide with a pI of 10.9. Although eosinophil cationic protein is considered a member of the RNAse A superfamily of proteins, it has only limited RNAse activity.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
A cytokine that promotes differentiation and activation of EOSINOPHILS. It also triggers activated B-LYMPHOCYTES to differentiate into IMMUNOGLOBULIN-secreting cells.
A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A genus of PICORNAVIRIDAE inhabiting primarily the respiratory tract of mammalian hosts. It includes over 100 human serotypes associated with the COMMON COLD.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
Living facilities for humans.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).
An adrenergic beta-2 agonist that is used as a bronchodilator and tocolytic.
Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.
Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Antigens from the house dust mites (DERMATOPHAGOIDES), mainly D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus. They are proteins, found in mite feces or mite extracts, that can cause ASTHMA and other allergic diseases such as perennial rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL) and atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC). More than 11 groups of Dermatophagoides ALLERGENS have been defined. Group I allergens, such as Der f I and Der p I from the above two species, are among the strongest mite immunogens in humans.
A selective beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and tocolytic.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
The status of health in urban populations.
A muscarinic antagonist structurally related to ATROPINE but often considered safer and more effective for inhalation use. It is used for various bronchial disorders, in rhinitis, and as an antiarrhythmic.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
Conjunctivitis due to hypersensitivity to various allergens.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
The rate of airflow measured during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
Immunosuppression by the administration of increasing doses of antigen. Though the exact mechanism is not clear, the therapy results in an increase in serum levels of allergen-specific IMMUNOGLOBULIN G, suppression of specific IgE, and an increase in suppressor T-cell activity.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A biologically active principle of SRS-A that is formed from LEUKOTRIENE D4 via a peptidase reaction that removes the glycine residue. The biological actions of LTE4 are similar to LTC4 and LTD4. (From Dictionary of Prostaglandins and Related Compounds, 1990)
A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
Difficult or labored breathing.
A family of biologically active compounds derived from arachidonic acid by oxidative metabolism through the 5-lipoxygenase pathway. They participate in host defense reactions and pathophysiological conditions such as immediate hypersensitivity and inflammation. They have potent actions on many essential organs and systems, including the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and central nervous system as well as the gastrointestinal tract and the immune system.
Gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
A variety of devices used in conjunction with METERED DOSE INHALERS. Their purpose is to hold the released medication for inhalation and make it easy for the patients to inhale the metered dose of medication into their lungs.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A soluble factor produced by activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that induces the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES and FC RECEPTORS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and causes their proliferation and differentiation. It also acts on T-lymphocytes, MAST CELLS, and several other hematopoietic lineage cells.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
A CC-type chemokine that is specific for CCR3 RECEPTORS. It is a potent chemoattractant for EOSINOPHILS.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Focal accumulations of EDEMA fluid in the NASAL MUCOSA accompanied by HYPERPLASIA of the associated submucosal connective tissue. Polyps may be NEOPLASMS, foci of INFLAMMATION, degenerative lesions, or malformations.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Physical characterization of a low-charge glycoform of the MUC5B mucin comprising the gel-phase of an asthmatic respiratory mucous plug. (1/13648)

We have previously noted that sequential extraction of an asthmatic mucous exudate with 6 M guanidinium chloride yielded a fraction of the mucins that were most resistant to solubilization and of high Mr [Sheehan, Richardson, Fung, Howard and Thornton (1995) Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 13, 748-756]. Here we show that this mucin fraction is dominated (at least 96% of the total) by the low-charge glycoform of the MUC5B gene product. Seen in the electron microscope the mucins appeared mainly as compact 'island' structures composed of linear threads often emanating from globular 'nodes' rather than the discrete linear threads more typical of mucins that we have previously described. The effect of reducing agents was as expected for other gel-forming mucins, i.e. reduced subunits or monomers of Mr 3x10(6)) were produced within 15 min of treatment. Kinetic experiments on the cleavage of the intact mucins with the proteinase trypsin indicated two clear regimes of fragmentation. An initial rapid cleavage generated mucins ranging from Mr=4x10(6) to 30x10(6) that in the electron microscope appeared as polydisperse threads (500-3000 nm in length), similar to normal and other respiratory mucins that we have previously characterized. A subsequent slower fragmentation over many hours yielded a major fragment of Mr 3x10(6) and length 200-600 nm, very similar in size and Mr to the subunits obtained by reduction. The results suggest that the MUC5B mucin is assembled, first into polydisperse linear threads, which are then linked together via a protein-mediated process. This might involve part of the mucin polypeptide or an as yet unidentified protein(s). The high proteinase susceptibility of the linkage suggests that it might be a point of control for mucin size and thus mucus rheology.  (+info)

Respiratory symptoms among glass bottle workers--cough and airways irritancy syndrome? (2/13648)

Glass bottle workers have been shown to experience an excess of respiratory symptoms. This work describes in detail the symptoms reported by a cohort of 69 symptomatic glass bottle workers. Symptoms, employment history and clinical investigations including radiology, spirometry and serial peak expiratory flow rate records were retrospectively analyzed from clinical records. The results showed a consistent syndrome of work-related eye, nose and throat irritation followed after a variable period by shortness of breath. The latent interval between starting work and first developing symptoms was typically 4 years (median = 4 yrs; range = 0-28). The interval preceding the development of dysponea was longer and much more variable (median = 16 yrs; range = 3-40). Spirometry was not markedly abnormal in the group but 57% of workers had abnormal serial peak expiratory flow rate charts. Workers in this industry experience upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms consistent with irritant exposure. The long-term functional significance of these symptoms should be formally investigated.  (+info)

Asthma visits to emergency rooms and soybean unloading in the harbors of Valencia and A Coruna, Spain. (3/13648)

Soybean unloading in the harbor of Barcelona, Spain, has been associated with large increases in the numbers of asthma patients treated in emergency departments between 1981 and 1987. In this study, the association between asthma and soybean unloading in two other Spanish cities, Valencia and A Coruna, was assessed. Asthma admissions were retrospectively identified for the period 1993-1995, and harbor activities were investigated in each location. Two approaches were used to assess the association between asthma and soybean unloading: One used unusual asthma days (days with an unusually high number of emergency room asthma visits) as an effect measure, and the other estimated the relative increase in the daily number of emergency room visits by autoregressive Poisson regression, adjusted for meteorologic variables, seasonality, and influenza incidence. No association between unusual asthma days and soya unloading was observed in either Valencia or A Coruna, except for one particular dock in Valencia. When the association between unloaded products and the daily number of emergency asthma visits was studied, a statistically significant association was observed for unloading of soya husk (relative risk = 1.50, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.94) and soybeans (relative risk = 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.59) in A Coruna. In Valencia, a statistical association was found only for the unloading of soybeans at two particular docks. Although these findings support the notion that asthma outbreaks are not a common hidden condition in most harbors where soybeans are unloaded, the weak associations reported are likely to be causal. Therefore, appropriate control measures should be implemented to avoid soybean dust emissions, particularly in harbors with populations living in the vicinity.  (+info)

Beta2-adrenoceptor polymorphism and bronchoprotective sensitivity with regular short- and long-acting beta2-agonist therapy. (4/13648)

The aim of the present study was to investigate bronchoprotective sensitivity in patients receiving regular treatment with short- and long-acting beta2-agonists and to evaluate any possible association with genetic polymorphism. Thirty-eight patients with stable mild to moderate asthma and receiving inhaled corticosteroids were randomized in a parallel group, double-blind, double-dummy fashion to receive 2 weeks of treatment with either formoterol (12 microg once daily, 6 microg twice daily or 24 microg twice daily) or terbutaline (500 microg four times daily). Bronchoprotection against methacholine challenge (as a provocative dose to produce a 20% fall in forced expiratory volume in 1.0 s: PD20) was measured at baseline (unprotected) after an initial 1 week run-in without beta2-agonist, and at 1 h after the first and last doses of each treatment. The PD20 values were log-transformed and calculated as change from baseline. Percentage desensitization of log PD20 for first- versus last-dose bronchoprotection was calculated and analysed according to effects of treatment and beta2-adrenoceptor polymorphism at codon 16 or 27. The mean degree of desensitization for bronchoprotection was comparable with all four treatments and there were no significant differences in absolute PD20 values after 2 weeks of chronic dosing. The PD20 values were (as microg of methacholine, geometric means+/-S. E.M.): formoterol, 12 microg once daily, 99+/-42 microg; formoterol, 6 microg twice daily, 107+/-44 microg; formoterol, 24 microg twice daily, 108+/-45 microg; terbutaline, 500 microg four times daily, 88+/-37 microg. All patients receiving formoterol, 24 microg twice daily, exhibited a loss of protection greater than 30% which was unrelated to polymorphism at codon 16 or 27. For codon 16, the use of lower doses of formoterol (12 microg once daily or 6 microg twice daily) showed wider variability in the propensity for protection loss in patients who were heterozygous, in contrast to a more uniform protection loss seen with homozygous glycine patients. The amount of protection loss was not significantly related to polymorphism at codon 16 or 27, expressed as values (mean+/-S.E.M.) for percentage desensitization according to each genotype (pooled treatments): Gly-16, 66+/-11%; Het-16, 53+/-8%; Arg-16, 69+/-18%; Glu-27, 68+/-12%; Het-27, 58+/-8%; Gln-27, 52+/-12%. The results of this preliminary study showed that bronchoprotective desensitization occurred readily in response to short- or long-acting beta2-agonist exposure irrespective of beta2-adrenoceptor polymorphism at codon 16 or 27. Further studies with larger patient numbers are required to further evaluate the effects of polymorphisms with lower doses of regular formoterol.  (+info)

Management of asthma and COPD patients: feasibility of the application of guidelines in general practice. (5/13648)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of the application of guidelines to the management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by assessing compliance with the guidelines and listing the barriers general practitioners (GPs) encountered during implementation. Insight into the feasibility of individual items in the guidelines can guide implementation strategies in the future and, if necessary, support revision of the guidelines. DESIGN: Descriptive study of care delivered during the implementation of guidelines by means of documentation of the care provided, education, feedback on compliance and peer review. SETTING: General practice. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen GPs in 14 general practices. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Compliance was expressed as the percentage of patients per practice managed by the GPs according to the guidelines. For each patient (n=413) data were collected on the care delivered during the first year of the implementation. Barriers encountered were derived from the summaries of the discussions held during the monthly meetings. RESULTS: The GPs were most compliant on the items 'PEFR measurement at every consultation' (98%), 'allergy test' (78%) and 'advice to stop smoking' (82%), and less compliant on the items 'four or more consultations a year' (46%), 'ordering spirometry' (33%), 'adjustment of medication' (42%), 'check on inhalation technique' (38%) and referral to a chest physician (17%) or a district nurse (5%). The main barriers were the amount of time to be invested, doubts about the necessity of regular consultations and about the indications for ordering spirometry and for referral to a chest physician or a district nurse. CONCLUSION: Although the feasibility was assessed in a fairly optimal situation, compliance with the guidelines was not maximal, and differed between the individual items of care. Suggestions are given for further improvements in compliance with the guidelines and for revision of the guidelines.  (+info)

Elevated asthma morbidity in Puerto Rican children: a review of possible risk and prognostic factors. (6/13648)

Latino children represent a significant proportion of all US children, and asthma is the most common chronic illness affecting them. Previous research has revealed surprising differences in health among Latino children with asthma of varying countries of family origin. For instance, Puerto Rican children have a higher prevalence of asthma than Mexican American or Cuban American children. In addition, there are important differences in family structure and socioeconomic status among these Latino populations: Cuban Americans have higher levels of education and family income than Mexican-Americans and Puerto Ricans; mainland Puerto Rican children have the highest proportion of households led by a single mother. Our review of past research documents differences in asthma outcomes among Latino children and identifies the possible genetic, environmental, and health care factors associated with these differences. Based on this review, we propose research studies designed to differentiate between mutable and immutable risk and prognostic factors. We also propose that the sociocultural milieus of Latino subgroups of different ethnic and geographic origin are associated with varying patterns of risk factors that in turn lead to different morbidity patterns. Our analysis provides a blue-print for future research, policy development, and the evaluation of multifactorial interventions involving the collaboration of multiple social sectors, such as health care, public health, education, and public and private agencies.  (+info)

Cockroach allergy and asthma in a 30-year-old man. (7/13648)

A growing body of evidence has implicated allergens derived from cockroaches as an important environmental factor that may aggravate asthma in sensitized persons. We present the case of a 30-year-old man with asthma and a cockroach allergy. Allergy skin testing confirmed hypersensitivity to cockroach extract, and a home visit revealed visual evidence of infestation and the presence of Bla g 1 German cockroach allergen in vacuumed dust. As is typical of patients with a cockroach allergy and asthma, multiple factors in addition to cockroach allergen appeared to aggravate the patient's asthma. A multimodality therapeutic regimen, which included medications as well as cleaning of the home, integrated pest management, and professional application of chemical controls, resulted in substantial clinical improvement. The pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical features of cockroach-allergic asthma are reviewed, and an approach to diagnosis and management is suggested.  (+info)

Short-term associations between outdoor air pollution and visits to accident and emergency departments in London for respiratory complaints. (8/13648)

Many epidemiological studies have shown positive short-term associations between health and current levels of outdoor air pollution. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between air pollution and the number of visits to accident and emergency (A&E) departments in London for respiratory complaints. A&E visits include the less severe cases of acute respiratory disease and are unrestricted by bed availability. Daily counts of visits to 12 London A&E departments for asthma, other respiratory complaints, and both combined for a number of age groups were constructed from manual registers of visits for the period 1992-1994. A Poisson regression allowing for seasonal patterns, meteorological conditions and influenza epidemics was used to assess the associations between the number of visits and six pollutants: nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particles measured as black smoke (BS) and particles with a median aerodynamic diameter of <10 microm (PM10). After making an allowance for the multiplicity of tests, there remained strong associations between visits for all respiratory complaints and increases in SO2: a 2.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-4.9) increase in the number of visits for a 18 microg x (-3) increase (10th-90th percentile range) and a 3.0% (95% CI 0.8-5.2) increase for a 31 microg x m(-3) increase in PM10. There were also significant associations between visits for asthma and SO2, NO2 and PM10. No significant associations between O3 and any of the respiratory complaints investigated were found. Because of the strong correlation between pollutants, it was difficult to identify a single pollutant responsible for the associations found in the analyses. This study suggests that the levels of air pollution currently experienced in London are linked to short-term increases in the number of people visiting accident and emergency departments with respiratory complaints.  (+info)

The overall goal of the Severe Asthma Research Program (SARP) is to develop a new paradigm for the understanding of severe asthma and its sub-phenotypes, in chi...
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Data & statistics on Current Asthma Status by Health Care Utilization Colorado Adults BRFSS: Current Asthma Status by Health Care Utilization: Colorado Adults, BRFSS 2000, To the right breaks down the prevalence of COPD among Colorado adults by age, race/ethnicity, sex, employment status, education level, income, marital status, smoking status, and asthma history., Urgent care visits: Percent of adults currently with asthma who had at least one urgent care visit for asthma with their provider in the past 12 months by State, District of Columbia and U.S. Territory, 2003...
The Asthma USA survey showed that uncontrolled asthma had significant medical consequences. Adults with uncontrolled asthma were more prone to need treatment with oral corticosteroids, visit the emergency room, or be hospitalized, compared with patients with well-controlled asthma.. Children with uncontrolled asthma also were in the same situation. Earlier studies have shown that uncontrolled asthma can put patients at risk for increased asthma symptoms, sudden asthma attacks, hospitalization, and even death.. The survey included >81,500 households that were assessed using the Asthma Control Test (ACT). Of the >10,000 adults with self-reported asthma taking the ACT, 41% had a score of 19 or less, which indicates uncontrolled asthma. The survey also examined scores from the Childhood Asthma Control Test and ACT in >3000 children respondents between the ages of 4 and 17. The results indicated that 31% of the children with asthma between the ages of 4 and 11 and 25% of those between the ages of 12 ...
TABLE1 - Estimated percent of current and former asthma status among adults ever diagnosed with asthma by state/territory.. TABLE2 - Estimated percent of active and inactive asthma status among adults ever diagnosed with asthma by state/territory.. TABLE3a - Estimated percent for time since first diagnosis among adults with current asthma by state/territory.. TABLE3b - Estimated percent for time since first diagnosis among adults with active asthma by state/territory.. TABLE4a - Estimated percent reporting an asthma attack or episode in the past year among adults with current asthma by state/territory.. TABLE4b - Estimated percent reporting an asthma attack or episode in the past year among adults with active asthma by state/territory. TABLE5a - Estimated percent reporting routine doctor visits in the past year among adults with current asthma by state/territory.. TABLE5b - Estimated percent reporting routine doctor visits in the past year among adults with active asthma by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Classification of childhood asthma phenotypes and long-term clinical responses to inhaled anti-inflammatory medications. AU - Howrylak, Judie A.. AU - Fuhlbrigge, Anne L.. AU - Strunk, Robert C.. AU - Zeiger, Robert S.. AU - Weiss, Scott T.. AU - Raby, Benjamin A.. N1 - Funding Information: Heterogeneity of severe asthma in childhood: confirmation by cluster analysis of children in the National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Severe Asthma Research Program. PY - 2014/5. Y1 - 2014/5. N2 - Background Although recent studies have identified the presence of phenotypic clusters in asthmatic patients, the clinical significance and temporal stability of these clusters have not been explored. Objective Our aim was to examine the clinical relevance and temporal stability of phenotypic clusters in children with asthma. Methods We applied spectral clustering to clinical data from 1041 children with asthma participating in the Childhood Asthma Management ...
Updated guidelines and new treatments for asthma have become available since the last major survey of asthma management in the United States was completed ∼11 years ago. The Asthma Insight and Management (AIM) survey was conducted to assess the current status of asthma burden in the United States. A geographically stratified screening of 60,682 households provided a national sample of 2500 patients with current asthma (2186 adults aged ≥18 years; 314 adolescents aged 12‐17 years). A national sample of 1004 adults without current asthma was interviewed for comparison with the adult asthma population, and 309 asthma health care providers were surveyed for their opinions about the burden of asthma. Asthma prevalence in the United States was estimated at 8%. Twice as many adult asthma patients rated their health as only fair, poor, or very poor, or experienced limitations in activity because of health problems, compared with the general population. Asthma also frequently caused negative ...
What is an asthma action plan?. An asthma action plan is a written plan, customised for every asthmatic patient. The action plan is developed and designed by the doctor to help asthmatic patients to control their asthma. Action plans may differ from patient to patient depending on severity.. The asthma action plan may need to be reviewed and updated from time to time so that any changes in asthma medication is recorded according to the asthma control.. What is in the plan?. The asthma action plan will tell the patient what to do during asthma attacks. It contains specific written instructions on:. ...
Asthma is a prevalent chronic respiratory disease and major cause of morbidity in the United States (1). However, with appropriate medication, medical care, and self-management, most asthma symptoms are preventable (2). Recent evidence indicates that asthma self-management education is effective in improving outcomes of chronic asthma (3). Guidelines issued by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) specify essential components of asthma management, including patient education, objective monitoring of symptoms, and avoiding asthma triggers (3). Healthy People 2010 objectives include increasing the proportion of persons with asthma who receive formal patient education from 8% to 30% (objective 24-6) and who receive care according to NAEPP guidelines (objective 24-7) (4,5). The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) routinely includes questions that assess asthma status. In 2003, the survey included a series of questions designed to reflect clinical best practices for asthma ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Role of the Six-minute Walk Test, Pulmonary Function Test, and Asthma Control Test in Asthmatic Patients-a Preliminary Report. AU - Chen, Shiau-Yee. AU - Hsu, Han Lin. AU - Lin, Jiu Jenq. AU - 余, 明治(Ming-Chi Yu). AU - 江, 玲玲(Ling-Ling Chiang). AU - 李, 俊年(Chun-Nie Lee). PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - Purpose: Asthma control is the main concern for related professionals when approaching asthmatic patients. In this study, we selected three different tools to understand asthma control status in patients with asthma.Methods: Twenty-six patients with asthma were recruited in the study. These patients underwent pulmonary function testing with spirometry and the six-minute walk test, and completed an asthma control questionnaire (Asthma Control Test, ACT). In statistical analysis, the Spearman rank correlation and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for correlation between measured variables. For explanation, potential prediction variables were entered into a ...
The phenotypic features of asthma differ by severity and with advancing age. With advancing age, patients with severe asthma are more obese, have greater airflow limitation, less allergen sensitization, and variable type 2 inflammation. Novel mechanisms besides type 2 inflammatory pathways may infor …
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BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic disease affecting patients health status and quality of life. Although recent guidelines focus on asthma control, asthma remains poorly controlled in many patients even under specialist care. Asthma Control Test™ (ACT) is a short, simple, patient-based tool that provides consistent assessment of asthma.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship of ACT with objective measures of lung function and inflammation such as forced expiratory volume in 1st second (FEV(1)) and exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in outpatients admitted for initial diagnosis of asthma and at follow-up.METHODS: One hundred and sixty (104 women and 56 men, mean age 39.7 ± 16.6 years) asthmatic patients with newly diagnosed asthma were included in the study. Patients completed the ACT questionnaire and underwent a detailed clinical examination, FeNO measurement, and prebronchodilator spirometry before (visit 1) and 4-12 weeks after initiation of treatment (visit ...
By Jaclyn Chasse N.D.. Over 22 million Americans have asthma and it is one of the most common pediatric chronic diseases, affecting about 6 million children. Asthma is a condition characterized by cough, difficulty breathing, wheezing and chest tightness. Asthma has several underlying pathological mechanisms including bronchoconstriction, bronchial hyperreactivity, and underlying inflammation and airway edema.. The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) first published guidelines for care in 1991 and published the most recent update in 2007. One of the key clinical activities recommended by the NAEPP is the development of a written asthma action plan in partnership with the patient. An asthma action plan is a written tool which outlines appropriate care for an asthma patient. The stoplight tool is on example of a written asthma action plan that categorizes severity of asthma into a red, yellow, or green zone. Each zone corresponds with a different stage of asthma and outlines ...
A recent review revealed that a lot needs to be done to improve asthma control in Australian children (www.aihw.gov.au).. Asthma affects 1 in 5 children. The good news is that there has been a 25% drop in the number of kids with asthma since 2001.. Poor asthma control is common. The study found that many children have poorly controlled asthma. Poor control leads to more severe symptoms, more flareups, days off school and hospital admissions.. Management plans. Most asthmatic children have not had an Asthma Cycle of Care, a full asthma assessment and treatment plan from their GP.. Half of Australian children with asthma do not have a written Asthma Action Plan which helps recognise and treat any deterioration. Action Plans improve asthma control.. Incorrect use of medication. Many children use their short-acting relievers too often, instead of taking a daily preventer such as an inhaled corticosteroid. Preventers should be taken on a regular once- or twice-daily basis, but are most often used ...
BackgroundMany patients and healthcare professionals believe that work-related psychosocial stress, such as job strain, can make asthma worse, but this is not corroborated by empirical evidence. We investigated the associations between job strain and the incidence of severe asthma exacerbations in working-age European men and women. MethodsWe analysed individual-level data, collected between 1985 and 2010, from 102 175 working-age men and women in 11 prospective European studies. Job strain (a combination of high demands and low control at work) was self-reported at baseline. Incident severe asthma exacerbations were ascertained from national hospitalization and death registries. Associations between job strain and asthma exacerbations were modelled using Cox regression and the study-specific findings combined using random-effects meta-analyses. ResultsDuring a median follow-up of 10years, 1 109 individuals experienced a severe asthma exacerbation (430 with asthma as the primary diagnostic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Quantifying asthma symptoms in adults. T2 - The Lara Asthma Symptom Scale. AU - Wood, Pamela Runge. AU - Smith, Brad. AU - ODonnell, Louise. AU - Galbreath, Autumn Dawn. AU - Lara, Marielena. AU - Forkner, Emma. AU - Peters, Jay I.. PY - 2007/12/1. Y1 - 2007/12/1. N2 - Background: Accurate assessment of asthma symptoms is critical in research and clinical settings. A multidimensional asthma control questionnaire could provide more accurate information about asthma symptoms than global assessments, which often overestimate asthma control. Objective: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of the Lara Asthma Symptom Scale (LASS) in adults with persistent asthma. Methods: Participants were 18 to 64 years of age with persistent asthma. Data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. We described the construct and predictive validity of the LASS by comparing it with measures of pulmonary function (FEV1), asthma-specific quality of life (Junipers Asthma Quality of Life ...
As co-Editors in Chief (and Professor Canonica as President of Interasma), it is our pleasure to welcome our colleagues to this first issue of the journal Asthma Research and Practice (ARP) [1]. This will be an open-access online journal, and thus easily accessible to a large audience. The aims and scope of ARP will be to publish original research articles and state of the art reviews focusing on risk factors, diagnosis and management of asthma at all ages. Since asthma is a disease that comprises diverse endotypes and is often accompanied by co-morbidities, we expect and welcome manuscripts on topics such as obese asthma, exercise-induced asthma, asthma-COPD overlap syndrome, occupational asthma, and others [2, 3]. Although existing journals in fields as diverse as paediatrics, internal medicine, allergy and pulmonology include articles on asthma, we believe that a journal entirely dedicated to asthma is both valuable and necessary. Moreover, we are committed to have a section devoted ...
with mild intermittent asthma: *you have symptoms fewer than three times a week, and nighttime symptoms fewer than two times a month. *lung function tests are greater than 80% of predicted values ba
We have previously shown that atopic mechanisms may account for, at most, only 40% of cases of asthma in the general population.4 Interestingly, in this review we have shown that, at most, only 50% of all asthma cases are attributable to eosinophilic airway inflammation. Thus, evidence from studies of eosinophilia and asthma is consistent with that from studies of atopy and asthma: in both instances, at most about 50% of asthma cases appear to be due to allergic mechanisms (whether these are defined in terms of atopy or in terms of eosinophilia). This further adds to the evidence that allergic mechanisms may not be the only and/or necessarily the most important underlying mechanism for asthma. Non-eosinophilic asthma is associated with neutrophilic responses not only in severe asthmatics but also in those with moderate and mild asthma, and we thus hypothesise that a major proportion of asthma is based on neutrophilic airway inflammation. Environmental exposure to bacterial endotoxin, ...
Dr. Wei Wu is an Associate Research Professor at the Lane Center for Computational Biology at Carnegie Mellon University. Her research focuses on understanding complex human diseases by undertaking integrative approaches, which combine biology, computational and statistical learning, bioinformatics, and genomics. Dr. Wu received a Ph.D. in Computational Molecular Biology from Rutgers University. She also received a M.S. in Computer Science from the University of California at Santa Cruz, where she worked on the construction of the Human Genome Browser with Professor David Haussler. She later did a postdoctoral training at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab with Dr. Mina Bissell. Her current work involves: i) subphenotyping asthma patients using computational approaches; and ii) understanding breast cancer mechanisms using dynamic network learning approaches. Her paper on developing a tree-varying network learning approach for analyzing a breast cancer progression series of cells has won the Best ...
Mild and Severe Asthma May Be 2 Diseases The authors of a study reported recently in the European Respiratory Journal have concluded that severe asthma and mild asthma may be different conditions with different inflammatory processes. The study, conducted by scientists across Europe, evaluated 321 patients, 158 with mild-to-moderate asthma and 163 with severe asthma. The results of the study showed that both groups had very different levels of key chemicals in their blood. Also, whereas more men suffered from asthma, women were 4 times as likely to suffer from severe asthma. Individuals with mild-to-moderate asthma were able to control their symptoms with low doses of inhaled corticosteroids. Very few with severe asthma, however, were able to have their symptoms treated despite being treated with heavier doses of drugs. ...
The Particulars: Research shows that chronic asthma and cardiovascular disease (CVD) share a common inflammatory pathophysiology. However, few studies have explored the potential association between persistent asthma-defined as requiring daily controller medications-and an increased risk of CVD.. Data Breakdown: Researchers compared the rates of CVD over 9 years among patients with persistent asthma, intermittent asthma, or no asthma for a study. Among those with persistent asthma, 84.1% were alive and free from CVD, compared with a 91.1% rate for those with intermittent asthma and a 90.2% rate for those without asthma. Patients with persistent asthma had about a 60.0% higher risk of CVD events that those without asthma.. Take Home Pearl: There appears to be a strong association between persistent asthma and risk for CVD. ...
Asthma or bronchial asthma is a disease which is characterized by airways narrowing. It happens because of some agents provoke the airways making them inflamed. This disorder gains more and more scope nowadays making asthma one of the most widespread disorder nowadays. The evidence has proved that the amount of asthma sufferers grows rapidly.. Asthma may be manifested differently with short and long attacks. Some people feel light attack of dyspnea and cough but other cannot bare the severe attack of these symptoms. Asthma is an unpredictable disorder. It is a known fact that asthma is a chronic disease but there is opportunities to control your asthma attacks due to Asthma Inhalers Online ordered via the Internet. Everything is possible if you have such an inhaler within a reach.. There is also one more type of asthma known as exercise-induced asthma. This type of asthma may be caused by excessive physical trainings when lungs are pressed so much that you do not have any oxygen for breathing. ...
Severe asthma is typically characterized by chronic airway inflammation that is refractory to corticosteroids and associated with excess morbidity. Patients were recruited into the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored Severe Asthma Research Program and comprehensively phenotyped by bronchoscopy. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Compared with healthy individuals (n = 21), patients with asthma (n = 53) had fewer BAL natural killer (NK) cells. Patients with severe asthma (n = 29) had a marked increase in the ratios of CD4+ T cells to NK cells and neutrophils to NK cells. BAL NK cells in severe asthma were skewed toward the cytotoxic CD56dim subset, with significantly increased BAL fluid levels of the cytotoxic mediator granzyme A. The numbers of BAL CD56dim NK cells and CCR6−CCR4− T helper 1-enriched CD4+ T cells correlated inversely with lung function [forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) % predicted] in asthma. Relative to cells from healthy ...
A stranger would never guess my friend Catrina has asthma. She plays three varsity sports, sings along to entire musicals without losing her breath, and overall leads an active, nonstop life. Because of the incredible advancements in asthma treatment, Catrina seems practically indistinguishable from someone without asthma. Even I have never seen her reach for her inhaler. It is only because of our close friendship that I know she takes medicine to control her asthma and frequently visits an allergist. How has asthma treatment come so far? The use of animals in asthma research has lead to many groundbreaking discoveries that have benefited asthma sufferers like Catrina. Early asthma studies relied on animal research, and so does the current research that develops the kind of new medicines that Catrina uses today.. Asthma is defined by the National Institutes of Health as a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways, with symptoms of recurring periods of wheezing, tightness, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Management of asthma exacerbations. AU - Chestnutt, Mark. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - The 1997 Expert Panel Report 2 from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program* details principles and goals for managing asthma exacerbations, based on scientific literature and the opinion of the panel. The panels recommendations are summarized here, along with approaches to the evaluation and management of patients with asthma exacerbations. Methods to assess and classify the severity of asthma exacerbations are discussed, and treatment objectives for mild, moderate, and severe exacerbations are presented, along with a discussion of postinfectious acute airway hyperresponsiveness. A review of pharmacologic agents used in the treatment of asthma exacerbations is also included. Key points in the management of asthma exacerbations include the notion that early treatment is the best strategy for management. Important elements of early treatment include recognition of early signs ...
Community Asthma Program. The Community Asthma Program provides free asthma self-management education and support for children and young people with asthma and their families.. The program is aimed at people who frequently attend an Emergency Department for help with asthma, are at risk of attending or have complex psychosocial needs impacting on their ability to self-manage their asthma.. Families entering the program receive one-on-one help and support from a qualified health professional with advanced skills in asthma and respiratory education.. Click on the links below for further information: ...
Accordingly, the new update of the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines 2006 is based on the control of the disease and attempts to quantify and graduate the level of control by using a classification of asthmatic subjects into controlled,partly controlled and uncontrolled groups.. Achieving and maintaining optimal asthma control is a major goal of asthma management. Although the results of clinical trials advocate that asthma control can be reached in most patients, there is evidence that many subjects with asthma have poorly controlled disease and that there is a significant gap between the treatment goals and the current level of asthma control achieved in the general population.. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of uncontrolled and partly controlled asthma in Italy using a patient-based tool such as Asthma Control Test. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of asthma knowledge, management, and psychological burden among parents of asthmatic children from rural and Urban neighborhoods in India. AU - Rastogi, D.. AU - Gupta, S.. AU - Kapoor, R.. PY - 2009/11/5. Y1 - 2009/11/5. N2 - Introduction: Asthma prevalence is increasing in developing countries such as India. Little is known on parental knowledge of asthma severity, management and psychosocial impact, particularly among rural dwellers. Further, it is not known whether the female asthmatic child is particularly vulnerable. Objective: To evaluate parental asthma knowledge and psychological impact of having an asthmatic child. Methods: 134 consecutive caregivers were surveyed at the visit for their childs asthma exacerbation at an urban hospital in Kanpur, India between 3/20073/2008. Results: The childs age range was 5.7Â ± 2.7 years. 76 were urban city dwellers with significantly higher number having a college degree. 23 children had moderate to severe persistent ...
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Asthma Surveillance Abstract: Asthma Surveillance (Asthma GIS Maps) The Burden of Asthma in Connecticut 2012 Surveillance Report Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory system that is characterized by reversible obstruction of the airways and airway hyper-responsiveness to a variety of stimuli. Left uncontrolled or poorly-managed, asthma can lead to emergency department visits, hospitalization, or death. In 2010, 18.7 million adults and 7 million children in the United States had asthma. Asthma prevalence in Connecticut adults and children has been higher than national prevalence rates since the year 2000. In Connecticut, the populations disproportionately affected by asthma are: children, females, Hispanics, non-Hispanic Blacks, and residents of CTs five largest cities.Custom Download Select specific sections of The Burden of Asthma in ConnecticutFull Version Download the complete version of The Burden of Asthma in Connecticut Updated Report Tables (2016): Table F-1: Asthma Hospitalization
Results. A total of 4.8% of children had atopic asthma, 1.9% had nonatopic asthma, 3.4% had resolved asthma, and 4.3% had frequent respiratory symptoms. Mean BMI was higher among children with nonatopic asthma, whereas prenatal maternal smoking was a risk factor for resolved asthma. Atopic and nonatopic asthma were similar for most measures of asthma severity (eg, medication use and lung function), and relatively few children in either group were receiving inhaled corticosteroids (5%-10%). Patients with resolved asthma had fewer symptoms but lung-function impairment similar to that seen with current asthma, whereas children with frequent respiratory symptoms but no asthma diagnosis had normal lung function. ...
If you or your child has asthma that requires daily treatment, it is important to have an asthma action plan. An asthma action plan is a written plan that tells you what asthma medicine to take every day and how to treat an asthma attack. It can help you make quick decisions in case you are not able to think clearly during an attack.. An asthma action plan usually includes:. ...
A year ago, we told you about the 5 best asthma treatments.. Today, well tell you how to avoid asthma attacks and get more sleep.. Today were all about breathing.. But first, we have some tips for when you have a problem with asthma and want to know whats best for you.. How to Avoid Asthma Attacks for Asthma sufferers How to prevent asthma attacks: 1.. Dont put yourself in a situation where youre tempted to take an asthma medication.. People often get sicker after taking asthma medications, especially if they have a history of asthma.. This is true for everyone, but especially if youre using a medication that is already being taken for another ailment.. Even if you dont take asthma medications regularly, you should be careful not to overdo it.. If youve already had an asthma reaction, the next time you use an asthma inhaler, be sure to take a short break.. This may make it harder to breathe.2.. Do not smoke.. Smoking can cause asthma attacks.. Smoking is dangerous for you and your ...
Asthma is one of the most common diseases amongst children. Blood eosinophil count and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are known as markers for phenotyping asthma. This study was performed to investigate blood eosinophil count and NLR as predictors of hospitalization in pediatric asthma exacerbations. In this cross-sectional study, children admitted to hospital ward for more severe asthma exacerbation were compared with non-hospitalized children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbation whose asthma exacerbation was managed in emergency department or outpatient clinic. We investigated patients characteristic and factors associated with hospitalization. A total of 211 children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbation (mean age $$5.76 \pm 3.28$$ years old) were enrolled in the study including 91 hospitalized patients and 120 non-hospitalized patients. For the prediction of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Measures of asthma control. AU - Bime, Christian. AU - Nguyen, Jessica. AU - Wise, Robert A.. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Purpose of Review: Over the past decade, the concept of asthma control as distinct from asthma severity has been clearly defined. Well controlled asthma is the goal of therapy in all asthma patients. This review is a comprehensive description of the tools currently available for a methodical assessment of different aspects of asthma control in clinical practice and research. Recent Findings: Several questionnaires for assessing asthma control have been extensively validated in adults. In children, validation data are less extensive. Considerable overlap exists between asthma control measures and measures of asthma-specific quality of life. Asthma-specific quality-of-life questionnaires have been used as primary outcome measures in major clinical trials evaluating asthma therapy. Biomarkers that reflect eosinophilic inflammation of the airways are used ...
About Severe Asthma. Asthma affects 315 million individuals worldwide, and up to 10% of asthma patients have severe asthma, which may be uncontrolled despite high doses of standard-of-care asthma controller medicines and can require the use of chronic oral corticosteroids (OCS).. Severe, uncontrolled asthma is debilitating and potentially fatal with patients experiencing frequent exacerbations and significant limitations on lung function and quality of life. Severe, uncontrolled asthma has an eight times higher risk of mortality than severe asthma.. Severe, uncontrolled asthma can lead to a dependence on OCS, with systemic steroid exposure potentially leading to serious short- and long-term adverse effects, including weight gain, diabetes, osteoporosis, glaucoma, anxiety, depression, cardiovascular disease and immunosuppression. There is also a significant physical and socio-economic burden of severe, uncontrolled asthma with these patients accounting for 50% of asthma-related costs.. About the ...
KLING, S et al. Guideline for the management of acute asthma in children: 2013 update - Part 3: March 2013. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2013, vol.103, n.3, pp.199-207. ISSN 2078-5135.. BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations remain a common cause of hospitalisation and healthcare utilisation in South African children. AIM: To update the South African paediatric acute asthma guidelines according to current evidence, and produce separate recommendations for children above and below 2 years of age. METHODS: A working group of the South African Childhood Asthma Group was established to review the published literature on acute asthma in children from 2000 to 2012, and to revise the South African guidelines accordingly. RECOMMENDATIONS: Short-acting inhaled bronchodilators remain the first-line treatment of acute asthma. A metered dose inhaler with spacer is preferable to nebulisation for bronchodilator therapy to treat mild to moderate asthma. Two to four puffs of a short-acting bronchodilator ...
Asthma symptoms were recorded by the patient each morning and evening in the asthma daily diary. Symptoms were recorded using a scale of 0-3, where 0 indicates no asthma symptoms. The daily asthma symptom total score was calculated by taking the sum of the daytime score recorded in the evening and the nighttime score recorded the following morning. The weekly total asthma score was averaged from the daily scores over a 7 day period, with score ranging from 0 to 6, where 0 indicates no asthma symptoms. The changes from baseline of weekly total asthma score are compared between benralizumab 30 mg Q4W and placebo by using the mixed-effect model repeated measures (MMRM) with baseline blood eosinophil count (≥300 cells/μL or ,300 cells/μL), protocol specified visit, region (Europe or North America) and treatment*visit interaction as fixed effects and baseline total asthma score as a covariate.. Changes at Week 12 were calculated based on patients with both baseline and Week 12. ...
Background: Racial and ethnic minority youth have poorer asthma status than white youth, even after controlling for socioeconomic variables. Proper use of asthma controller medications is critical in reducing asthma mortality and morbidity. The clinical consequences of poor asthma management include increased illness complications, excessive functional morbidity, and fatal asthma attacks. There are significant limitations in research on interventions to improve asthma management in racial minority populations, particularly minority adolescents and young adults, although illness management tends to deteriorate after adolescence during emerging adulthood, the unique developmental period beyond adolescence but before adulthood. Objective: The objective of the pilot study was to test the feasibility, acceptability, and signals of efficacy of an intervention targeting adherence to controller medication in African American youth (ages 18-29) with asthma. All elements of the protocol were piloted in a National
Based on the modified GINA criteria, of the 397 children in the sample, 143 (36%) had intermittent asthma; 160 (40%) had mild persistent asthma; 51 (12.8%) had moderate persistent asthma; and 43 (10.8%) had severe persistent asthma. In 60 children, occasional limitation of daily activities was the indicator of greatest severity. Taking into account that responses to the remaining questions were not related to more severe asthma, a decision for more conservative categorization was made, and these children were classified as having mild persistent asthma. Based on the ISAAC questionnaire, 90 of the 397 children (22.3%) provided positive responses to questions assessing symptom severity, whereas 307 (77.3%) replied in the negative.. Comparison of both asthma severity criteria according to data from the second survey (Table 2) shows that, the greater the severity of the disease according to GINA criteria, the greater the proportion of children with more severe symptoms as assessed by ISAAC. No ...
The University of Sydney in Australia is currently performing asthma research and is trying to stop the destructive cells responsible for the inflammatory response from being produced. These cells are stimulated by chemical messengers called cytokines and current medications, for example steroids which help to reduce the concentration of cytokines and stop the inflammatory response.. Steroids also have an effect on a number of other tissues in the body and are known to produce side effects. Asthma research at the university is undergoing on how the cytokines are produced and how they can stop production and also inflammatory response.. Woolcock Institute of Medical Research is conducting an asthma research on the long-term effects of asthmatic episodes on the lining of the airways and how the inflammatory response can affect and how current medications work.. They are trying to develop a non-invasive method that will allow them to determine the degree of scarring and how this affects the ...
Lung function test: Lung function test is an asthma test used to determine if there is any progress in your breathing following the inhalation of a bronchodilator. If there is fifteen percent improvement, then asthma is a possible diagnosis.. Spirometry: Spirometry is the lung function test that can be carried at asthma clinic. It is used to measure how much and how quickly you can move air out of your lungs. You have to inhale and exhale deeply and seal your lips around the mouthpiece and blow forcefully as long as possible. The information is collected by the spirometer and can be printed out on a chart called spirogram.. Skin prick test: Skin prick test is an asthma test used to identify any allergens which you may be sensitive and which may trigger asthma attack. Some small amounts of allergens are injected into your skin of the forearm and the area is monitored for a reaction.. After monitoring for fifteen minutes, if there is no visible swelling, then it may that you dont have asthma or ...
Investigators from multiple institutions in Michigan and Georgia sought to determine whether using Puff City,1 a web-based asthma intervention developed by the authors and aimed at African American teenagers, improves asthma outcomes. Students in grades 9 through 12 were recruited from 6 public high schools for the study if they had a diagnosis of asthma made by a health care provider, current symptoms, and use of asthma medications. Students without a formal asthma diagnosis were also included if they had symptoms consistent with a diagnosis of intermittent asthma or more severe asthma (based on the International Survey of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire). ...
Though exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is common among asthmatics, physical activity (PA) seems important in asthma management. Still, various studies point at avoidance of sports and certain daily life activities like walking stairs, even by patients with mild symptoms. We aimed to compare physical activity levels between healthy subjects and asthmatics with controlled and uncontrolled disease. Data on asthma and PA were drawn from the Portuguese National Asthma Survey. The short telephone version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to measure PA levels. Current asthma was defined as self-reported asthma and at least one of these criteria: one or more asthma symptoms in the last twelve months, currently taking asthma medication or an asthma medical appointment in the previous twelve months. Controlled asthma was defined as a CARAT global score | 24 or a CARAT second factor score ≤ 16. Healthy subjects were defined as individuals without atopy, heart disease or
Asthma Action Plan. You and your doctor write an Asthma Action Plan together. It is a written plan that will help you stay away from triggers and take medicine to control your asthma symptoms. Learn more about an Asthma Action Plan. Always keep a copy with you.. Asthma Control Test:. The Asthma Control Test (ACT) has questions for a person with asthma. Take the ACT and see if your asthma is under control. Share the results with your doctor. Page Updated: 12/7/2017 ...
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MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. While they have been implicated in various diseases, the profile changes in allergen inhalation challenge are not clarified in human. We aimed to evaluate changes in the microRNA profiles in the peripheral blood of asthmatic subjects undergoing allergen inhalation challenge. Seven mild asthmatic subjects participated in the allergen inhalation challenge. In addition, four healthy control subjects (HCs) were recruited. MicroRNA profiles in peripheral blood samples (pre-challenge and 2 hours post-challenge) were measured by the NanoString nCounter assay to determine changes in miRNA levels as these asthmatic subjects underwent an allergen inhalation challenge. One common miRNA, miR-192, was significantly expressed in both comparisons; HCs vs. pre-challenge and pre- vs. post-challenge, showing that miR-192 was significantly under-expressed in asthmatics compared to HCs and decreased in post-challenge at an
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ABSTRACT. Purpose. To review the characteristics of difficult-to-treat asthma and describe patients who may benefit from therapy with the recently approved humanized monoclonal anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody, omalizumab.. Principal findings. Up to 20 percent of patients have difficult-to-treat asthma. These patients consume a disproportionate share of asthma care resources. Clinical and economic outcomes can be improved via improved self-management, increased adherence to prescribed therapy, and better compliance to national asthma treatment guidelines. These patients also may benefit from therapies that directly target mechanisms responsible for persistent airway inflammation and elicit favorable clinical responses.. Conclusions. Effective asthma control remains difficult in a small cohort of patients with persistent, severe airway inflammation. Management strategies that improve asthma control and reduce exacerbations can improve clinical outcomes and minimize health care resource ...
The effect of weather on asthma symptoms isnt fully understood, but clearly there is a link. Numerous studies have shown a variety of connections, such as increases in asthma-related emergency department visits when certain weather conditions are present. Some people find that their asthma symptoms get worse at specific times of year. For others, a severe storm or sudden weather change may trigger an attack.. Exposure to cold, dry air is a common asthma trigger and can quickly cause severe symptoms. People with exercise-induced asthma who participate in winter sports are especially susceptible. Dry, windy weather can stir up pollen and mold in the air, leading to problems for some people.. Hot, humid air also can trigger asthma symptoms, and wet weather encourages the growth of mold spores, another asthma trigger. In certain areas, heat and sunlight combine with pollutants to create ground-level ozone, which is also an asthma trigger.. Studies have shown that thunderstorms can trigger asthma ...
INTRODUCTION: asthma is a chronic inflammatory and a heterogeneous condition of respiratory system whose pathogenesis is linked with variable structural changes. The clinical manifestation of asthma includes attacks of breathlessness, cough, chest tightness and wheezing. Provision of basic equipment and test for asthma diagnosis and access to essential medicines by asthmatic patients reduces morbidity and mortality rates. Significant progress has been made in the diagnosis and management of asthma in other countries but not in the health care delivery system in Zimbabwe. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop algorithm for asthma diagnosis and management for Zimbabwe. METHODS: a two stage Delphi model was used to collect data in order to develop an algorithm of asthma diagnosis and management. A baseline interview with 44 doctors was done to understand their experiences and knowledge regarding asthma diagnosis and management. We collected data using the KoBo Collect Toolbox installed on Android
Millions of children with asthma heading back to classrooms this fall will be greeted by an increasing number of school-based asthma education initiatives, and adult patients around the U.S. are getting more access to these types of patient education programs, as well. Now, the new asthma care guidelines from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has made patient education a major priority in their new guidelines.. It is well-known that patient education is the cornerstone of quality care and outcomes for asthma patients, as it is for other diseases, says Mary Brasler, MSN, EdD, Director of Programs for the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA), the leading national asthma patient advocacy group and a member of the NAEPP schools committee. Simply put, if people are taught asthma self-management skills, they are more likely to adhere to their treatment plans and their health improves.. Public health experts agree ...
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute - So You Have Asthma: A Guide for Patients and Their Families This booklet offers the latest information on asthma management. In an easy-to-read format, it provides information about asthma symptoms, the latest treatments, and ways to monitor and keep your asthma under control. This site also includes the Clinical Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma and What Is Asthma?. The American Lung Associations (ALA) Asthma Basics The Asthma Basics course is a free, one-hour interactive online learning module designed to help people learn more about asthma. This course is ideal for frontline healthcare professionals like nurses or community health care workers, as well as individuals who have asthma. Asthma Basics also includes comprehensive resources like asthma medication devices, and demonstration videos and downloads. This course is also available in Spanish.. Living with Asthma - National Jewish Health. National Jewish Health website ...
According to the California Work-Related Asthma Prevention Program, part of the Occupational Health Branch of California Department of Public Health, cleaning products used in workplaces can cause or trigger work-related asthma. To prevent harsh affects of cleaning products, employers should make sure the safest products and practices are used in the workplace. The program has found that nearly 10 percent of all work-related asthma cases were caused by exposure to cleaning products. Most of these cases had new asthma that started only after they began work - the exposures caused their asthma. About one in five people (almost 20 percent) used cleaning products directly, such as janitors. The other 80 percent of workers attributed their asthma symptoms to cleaning products used nearby. Many workplaces, like schools, hospitals, and restaurants are places where everyone, including children, can be affected by cleaning products. How can asthma from cleaning products be prevented? ...
Stanbrook and Kaplan have previously suggested that physicians who do not use spirometry for their asthma patients should not be managing asthma.1 They have put forth the notion that asthma management without spirometry testing would be considered failing to maintain an adequate standard of care, and that most primary care physicians need to make testing available in their own offices.1 They developed this theme based on a study by Aaron et al,2 whose results actually revealed that asthma diagnosis was confirmed in 16% and 72% of patients studied, by spirometry and methacholine challenge testing, respectively. Building a case for office spirometry based on these results seems counterintuitive.3 Further, Stanbrook and Kaplan did not cite a single reference in their article that described how widespread use of office spirometry in primary care might influence asthma outcomes in patients not previously diagnosed with asthma.1. Spirometry can provide important information about lung function and ...
In the 1990s, healthcare professionals and community advocates recognized an alarming rise in uncontrolled asthma, especially in low-income communities and communities of color. Between 1988 and 1995, hospitalizations for asthma in low-income communities in Seattle and South King County more than doubled, and were twice the rate of the general King County population.. Growing evidence showed that indoor asthma triggers such as dust mites, smoke, mold, and roaches were major contributors to poor asthma control. Local data demonstrated that in King County, low-income people were more likely to live in substandard housing, exposing them to these triggers.. A new approach to asthma care. Alarmed by this rise in asthma, a coalition of clinicians, public health officials, the American Lung Association, and community health advocates designed a pilot project to help low-income families manage asthma triggers in their homes.. While the cause [of the rise] was not clear, it was clear that people with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Different seasonal effect on asthma trajectories. T2 - A population-based birth cohort study. AU - Wu, Tsung Ju. AU - Pan, Shih Chun. AU - Chen, Bing Yu. AU - Chin, Wei Shan. AU - Guo, Yue Leon. PY - 2018/12/1. Y1 - 2018/12/1. KW - adolescence. KW - asthma phenotype. KW - atopic disease. KW - children. KW - group-based trajectory model. KW - season. KW - urbanization. KW - adolescence. KW - asthma phenotype. KW - atopic disease. KW - children. KW - group-based trajectory model. KW - season. KW - urbanization. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054172925&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85054172925&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1111/pai.12973. DO - 10.1111/pai.12973. M3 - Letter. C2 - 30144172. AN - SCOPUS:85054172925. VL - 29. SP - 873. EP - 877. JO - Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. JF - Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. SN - 0905-6157. IS - 8. ER - ...
Over-proliferation of airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) is one of the important contributors to airway remodeling in asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Shenmai injection (SMI) on the proliferation of the rat ASMC in asthma. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the asthma group, and the SMI treatment group. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunocytochemistry staining were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in rat ASMC respectively. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration ( [Ca2+]i ) in rat ASMC were measured with Fluo-3/AM by confocal microscopy. The proliferation was detected by MTT assay. Compared with the control group, the asthma group showed an increased expression of TRPV1 and [Ca2+]i in rat ASMC. The expression of PCNA and absorbance of MTT assay in asthma rat ASMC was also significantly increased. SMI could
Children whose parents perceived their lives as unpredictable, uncontrollable, or overwhelming had increased risk of new onset asthma associated with TRP and maternal smoking during pregnancy. Furthermore, susceptibility to TRP attributable to parental education was markedly attenuated after accounting for the susceptibility attributable to parental stress. While parental stress may influence the development of asthma in a child due to biological and behavioral pathways other than psychological stress in children (26), the observed pattern of susceptibility to air pollution based on stress was not explained by potentially relevant history of illness and a range of behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental risk factors for asthma. Although there were relatively few children with a history of in utero tobacco smoke exposure, significantly larger effects were observed both among children with low parental education and with high parental stress. Thus, common biological pathways may underlie the ...
american academy of allergy asthma immunology aaaai asthma smoking allergies and asthma connection asthma research unit uk causes of asthma asthma medications risks asthma medications know your options mayoclinic com schering-plough corporation asthma scholarship homeopathy asthma homeopathy asthma symptoms People suffering from asthma often have allergic tendencies; a genetic predisposition...
There is increasing evidence that neutrophils are involved in acute asthma exacerbation. Prominent neutrophilic inflammation has been demonstrated during exacerbated asthma inadult patients 2-8. Recently, inflammatory profiles of asthmatic airways in children have been assessed by analysing sputum and/or BAL fluid 9-11. These studies proposed that neutrophil-mediated inflammation was also involved in the pathophysiology of exacerbation of childhood asthma. However, the nature of airway inflammation in childhood asthma and its severity have not been adequately evaluated because bronchoscopic studies or BAL fluid analysis can be too invasive for children.. There are several lines of evidence that activation of NE is involved in asthma exacerbation and results in hypersecretion by mucous-producing cells 8, 12, 13. In BAL fluid of asthmatic subjects, excessive secretion of proteinases, including NE and MMPs, has been observed during acute asthma exacerbation 12, 19. However, it is hard to detect ...
The original authors main conclusions are taken from Abstract, Results and Discussion. They are decided upon by the authors of the BOHRF occupational asthma guidelines and form part of the guidelines.. Objective criteria for interpretation of peak expiratory flow rate readings were assessed in 50 patients evaluated for suspected occupational asthma who had at least two weeks of PEFR readings and an objective diagnosis based on other investigations. The prevalence of occupational asthma was 36 percent. Peak flows were interpreted by two observers blinded to other results. Criteria for a PEFR interpretation of occupational asthma were as follow: diurnal variation greater than or equal to 20 percent relatively more frequently or with greater variation on working days than days off work. With the objective diagnoses as the gold standard, the sensitivity of the PEFR interpretations was 72 percent for OA; specificity for no asthma was 53 percent. Excluding those with greater than or equal to 20 ...
Theres a tremendous disparity there, said Wendy Brunner an epidemiologist for the Minnesota Department of Health Asthma Program.. The program tracks a number of asthma measures, among them emergency department visits, smoking rates, second-hand smoke exposure by people with asthma, rates of flu and pneumonia vaccinations for asthma sufferers and asthma deaths.. Brunner said where people live can explain much of the racial disparity in asthma rates. Like Jackson and her son, many low-income people turn to rentals where they may have less control over their living conditions.. We know in Minnesota that African Americans have the lowest home ownership rate in the state and that has implications for somebody with asthma, Brunner said.. Rental housing can have old, dirty carpets -a big asthma trigger. Tobacco smoke from nearby apartments may seep into the units where people with asthma live. In many cases, theres nothing a renter can do about these problems. Landlords may prevent them from ...
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In the present study, the relationship between airway inflammation and infection with C. pneumoniae in acute asthma was examined. It was found that over one-third of adults presenting with acute severe asthma showed a rise in C. pneumoniae-specific antibodies consistent with acute infection, reinfection or reactivation of latent infection with C. pneumoniae. These subjects exhibited a more intense inflammatory response during the acute exacerbation, with an increase in sputum TCC, neutrophil count and ECP level compared to subjects with acute asthma who did not show an increase in C. pneumoniae antibody levels.. Subjects were recruited from patients presenting to the emergency department with acute asthma, who had at least moderate airflow obstruction, representing a group with more severe acute asthma. This group was selected for study based on previous work linking C. pneumoniae infection with asthma exacerbations and severe asthma 6, 7, 14. The sputum induction time tended to be shorter at ...
Boston, Mass.-May 2, 2012) The Connecticut Childrens Medical Center is one of four winners nationwide of the 2012 National Environmental Leadership Award in Asthma Management for its Easy Breathing Program, which includes patient education and environmental interventions. The program is implemented across the state of Connecticut helping ensure that comprehensive asthma care is available to the 105,000 children with asthma now enrolled in the program. The Easy Breathing Program is designed to aid primary care clinicians in making a diagnosis of asthma and treating individuals using a systematic, standardized, approach which adheres to the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) guidelines. It was the first large scale program in the country to demonstrate that clinicians can use NAEPP guidelines and that its effective use can result in improved quality of asthma care. One of the distinguishing features of this program is the creation of a robust database which is used for ...
The inter-relationship between the perception of bronchoconstriction, bronchial hyper-responsiveness and temporal adaptation in asthma is still a matter of debate. In a total of 52 stable asthmatic patients, 32 without airway obstruction [forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/vital capacity (VC) 84.1% (S.D. 7.9%)], and 20 with airway obstruction [FEV1/VC 60% (4%)], we assessed the perception of bronchoconstriction during methacholine inhalation by using: (i) the slope and intercept of the Borg and VAS (Visual Analog Scale) scores against the decrease in FEV1, expressed as a percentage of the predicted value; and (ii) the Borg and VAS scores at a 20% decrease in FEV1 from the lowest post-saline level (PB20). Bronchial hyper-responsiveness was assessed as the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20FEV1). The reduction in FEV1 was significantly related to the Borg and VAS scores, with values for the group mean slope and intercept of this relationship of 0.13 ...
Status asthmaticus is the most common medical emergency in children today and is responsible for nearly half a million hospital admissions annually. Despite evidence that asthma hospitalizations are decreasing, asthma mortality is not. In order to gain a better understanding of status asthmaticus, its treatment, and its overall outcomes, each PICU research team within the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN) examined its admissions records in detail for children aged from 1 year up to the 18th birthday over the last 5 years for any instances of deaths resulting from a diagnosis of asthma (fatal asthma). Post-mortem data was reviewed where available. In addition, the medical records for children intubated and mechanically ventilated for asthma (near-fatal asthma) were analyzed. This review and abstraction has enabled CPCCRN investigators to quantify the current variability of critical asthma treatment and has helped us to identify additional medical problems, such as ...
Twenty-five patients with severe childhood asthma were treated with beclomethasone dipropionate. 21 of these children were receiving oral corticosteroid therapy in addition to disodium cromoglycate.. Of the total treated, 21 children improved or maintained their asthma status on this treatment over an average period of 4 months, and were able to reduce and stop their regular oral corticosteroid dosage, but 4 children had to revert to their original therapy.. No systemic or local toxic effects were experienced by any of the children.. Beclomethasone dipropionate appears to be an effective drug in the treatment of severe childhood asthma in those patients who need corticosteroid therapy in addition to disodium cromoglycate.. ...
Telehealth has the potential to improve asthma management through regular monitoring of lung function and/or asthma symptoms by health professionals in conjunction with feedback to patients. Although the benefits of telehealth for improving asthma management have been extensively studied, the feasibility of telehealth for supporting asthma management in pregnant women has not been investigated. This study aims to evaluate the use of telehealth for remotely monitoring lung function and optimising asthma control during pregnancy. A randomised controlled trial comparing usual care with a telehealth program (MASTERY©) has been conducted. The intervention comprised a mobile application - Breathe-easy © supported by a Bluetooth-enabled handheld device (COPD-6®), which was used for self-monitoring of lung function (FEV1, FEV6) twice daily, and recording asthma symptoms and medication usage weekly; and a written asthma action plan (WAAP). The primary outcome measure is
TY - JOUR. T1 - Death due to asthma at workplace in a diphenylmethane diisocyanate-sensitized subject. AU - Carino, Mauro. AU - Aliani, Maria. AU - Licitra, Carmelo. AU - Sarno, Nicola. AU - Ioli, Francesco. PY - 1997/1. Y1 - 1997/1. N2 - Total cases of fatal asthma in the occupational setting reported in the literature are reviewed and the case of a 39-year-old foundry worker who died at work is described. A diagnosis of occupational asthma induced by diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) had been assessed 5 years in advance through a 0.005 ppm exposure inhalation challenge. Postmortem microscopic examination of the lung showed epithelial desquamation, eosinophilic/neutrophilic infiltration of the mucosa, dilatation of bronchial vessels, edema, hypertrophy and disarray of smooth muscle. Fatal asthma attack in a MDI-sensitized individual, to our knowledge, has not been previously described.. AB - Total cases of fatal asthma in the occupational setting reported in the literature are reviewed and the ...
In the second part of this respiratory health special report, Bernard Garbe looks at how serial peak expiratory flow can be used to identify occupational asthma.. The first part of the report explores the 2010 BOHRF Occupational Asthma Guidance on sensitiser-induced occupational asthma.. In occupational health, lung disease is the most common form of disease encountered after skin problems. Occupational lung diseases include byssinosis (typically cotton dust), allergic rhinitis, farmers lung, asbestosis, pneumoconiosis (most commonly coal dust), silicosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). While COPD has the greatest mortality rate, occupational asthma (OA) has by far the greater incidence. OA, by definition, is a lung disease caused by occupational exposures and is the cause of about 15% of adult-onset asthma. Occupational asthma often results in skilled and experienced people having to end their careers, in many cases without a confirmed diagnosis. In nearly half the diagnosed ...
Asthma is a chronic and heterogenic respiratory tract disorder with a high global prevalence. The underlying chronic inflammatory process and airway remodeling (AR) contribute to the symptomatology of the disease. The most severely ill asthma patients may now be treated using a variety of monoclonal antibodies aiming key inflammatory cytokines involved in asthma pathogenesis. Although clinical data shows much beneficial effects of biological therapies in terms of reduction of exacerbation rates, improvement of lung functions, asthma control and patients quality of life, little is known on the effects of these monoclonal antibodies on AR-a key clinical trait of long-term asthma management. In this review, the authors summarize the data on the proven effects of monoclonal antibodies in asthma on AR. To date, in terms of reversing AR, the mostly studied was omalizumab. However, some studies also addressed this clinical issue in context of other severe asthma biological therapies (mepolizumab, benralizumab
This study is being performed to help patients and their health care team work together to make decisions about managing their asthma. A new class of medicines for asthma called asthma biologics, which target very specific immunological pathways responsible for asthma, were developed. The first such medicine, omalizumab, first became available in 2003 and 2 additional medicines, mepolizumab and reslizumab, became available in 2015 and 2016, respectively. These medicines are currently intended for those who have moderate or severe asthma and who havent responded to other asthma medicines like inhaled corticosteroids. Patients receiving asthma biologics usually have the highest burden of asthma disease. Asthma biologic medicines are very expensive and may not work for everyone. Sometimes, patients and their doctors need to make decisions about stopping asthma biologics. Right now, we do not have very good information about what happens to patients after they stop these medicines. It is important ...
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) can enhance both early and late airway narrowing after inhaled antigen in allergic asthmatic subjects. We hypothesized that NO2 may also increase airway inflammation during the late response. Nitrogen dioxide has been shown to cause airway inflammation in healthy subjects without asthma. We also hypothesized that individuals with asthma may have increased non-allergic airway inflammation after exposure to NO2. To test these hypotheses, we designed two experiments with the following specific aims: Experiment 1) To determine the effect of a single exposure to NO2 on allergen-induced airway inflammation. Experiment Two: To determine the effect of NO2 exposure on non-allergic airway inflammation. Experiment One: 15 house dust mite (HDM)-sensitive asthmatic subjects were exposed for 3 hours to filtered air or 0.4 ppm NO2 followed immediately by inhalation of HDM allergen. Lung function was measured before and after each exposure and after allergen challenge, hourly for 6 hours. Sputum
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects over half a million children and adults living in Indiana. Asthma can be controlled but not cured. In a person with asthma, airways can swell and tighten making it hard to breathe. When an asthma attack happens, the inside of the airways swell and fill with mucus. The muscles around the airways tighten. This makes the airways smaller. Some of the most common symptoms of asthma include wheezing, shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, and coughing.. People with asthma can help control their symptoms by managing triggers in their environment. Triggers include anything that brings on asthma symptoms, and they differ for each person with asthma. Some triggers include dust mites, cigarette smoke, perfumes and fragrances, mold, pet dander, cockroaches, and stressful or emotional situations.. People with asthma should talk to their doctor about developing an asthma action plan. Asthma action plans help people with asthma to manage their ...
Essentially, airway remodeling is the result of chronic inflammation in the airways that goes untreated long-term. This is added evidence that asthma should be treated aggressively with inhaled corticosteroids early on in the course of the disease to prevent permanent airway damage and worsening asthma ...
It wasnt easy getting to this point, though. This can work as a natural anti-inflammatory agent. I agree with the change to a corticosteroid inhaler minus the long acting bronchodilater. Make a wire mould similar in size and shape to the mouthpiece of the MDI [metered-dose inhaler]. Depending on where your asthma control falls on the chart, you may need to make adjustments to your medications. Why do inhalers make me feel better if I dont have asthma? Tools for asthma control. Your written asthma action plan will let you know exactly when and how to make adjustments. Thats why ginger tea is a great alternative to stop asthma naturally. While asthma causes symptoms that challenge breathing, you can participate in any activity as long as you manage your asthma symptoms, notes the American Lung Association. The Buteyko method teaches you to breathe slowly and calmly through your nose instead of your mouth. Before embarking on any home remedy, it is important to speak with your doctor to ensure ...
There was only one problem. As more data came in, they failed to tell the same story as the hygiene hypothesis. Children in Latin America with high rates of supposedly protective infection have even higher rates of asthma than children in western Europe. Inner-city children in Chicago and New York have quite high rates of asthma, despite unhygienic living. And the rates of asthma varied among countries with very similar histories of cleanliness-indicating that there was more to it than tidiness. For example, by 2004 Swedens asthma cases had increased to 10 percent, according to one international study, while the number of cases in the U.K. had soared to 20 percent.. In addition, research showed that the relation between asthma and allergy is not at all straightforward. Some cases of asthma are indeed triggered by allergies, although the consensus among researchers over the past decade is that the connection is probably not as clear-cut as the hygiene hypothesis would suggest. Still other layers ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Choosing Wisely. T2 - Adherence by Physicians to Recommended Use of Spirometry in the Diagnosis and Management of Adult Asthma. AU - Sokol, Kristin C.. AU - Sharma, Gulshan. AU - Lin, Yu Li. AU - Goldblum, Randall M.. PY - 2015/5/1. Y1 - 2015/5/1. N2 - Purpose: The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) and the American Thoracic Society provide guidelines stating that physicians should use spirometry in the diagnosis and management of asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trends, over a 10-year period, in the utilization of spirometry in patients newly diagnosed with asthma. We hypothesized that spirometry use would increase in physicians who care for asthma patients, especially since 2007, when the revised NAEPP guidelines were published. Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis of spirometry use in subjects newly diagnosed with asthma used a privately insured adult population for the years 2002-2011. Our primary outcome of interest was ...
asthma in african american children infant asthma etiology asthma inhaled steroids pictures of asthma lungs asthma women obese what is asthma presentation allergy asthma information allergy asthma information association new brunswick asthma food allergies allergy asthma information association triple a run walk Allergy-Asthma-Info: For Allergy and Asthma Information. Therefore, I...
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease induced by many environmental factors. The inhalation of allergens and pollutants promote the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production leading to airway inflammation, hyper-responsiveness and remodeling in allergic asthma. The effects of asthma medications on ROS production are unclear. The present study investigated the anti-ROS effects of current asthma medications including inhaled corticosteroid (ICS; budesonide and fluticasone), leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA; montelukast), long acting β2 agonists (LABAs; salmeterol and formoterol) and a new extra-LABA (indacaterol). The human monocyte cell line THP-1 cells were pre-treated with different concentrations of the asthma medications at different time-points after hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stimulation. H2O2 production was measured with DCFH-DA by flow cytometry. Montelukast, fluticasone and salmeterol suppressed H2O2-induced ROS production. Indacaterol enhanced H2O2-induced ROS production.
The Adult Asthma Program at Boston Medical Center provides a multidisciplinary diagnostic evaluation and tailored therapeutic plan for patients with asthma and related allergic lung disease, including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Our mission is to improve the lives of patients living with asthma and allergic lung disease by providing state-of-the-art patient care.. The staff includes physicians who are double board-certified in Pulmonary Diseases (ABIM) and the American Board of Allergy and Immunology. As a result, testing/treatment for allergy to possible environmental triggers is ordered and interpreted in the clinic as part of our comprehensive care including allergy skin testing, allergy immunotherapy (allergy shots), anti-IgE therapy, and other more recently approved biologics. In addition, the team includes nurse practitioners who specialize in asthma disease management and training to provide targeted asthma education.. Our patient ...
Supporting self-management behaviours is recommended guidance for people with asthma. Preliminary work suggests that a brief, intensive, patient-centred intervention may be successful in supporting people with asthma to participate in life roles and activities they value. We seek to assess the feasibility of undertaking a cluster-randomised controlled trial (cRCT) of a brief, goal-setting intervention delivered in the context of an asthma review consultation. A two armed, single-blinded, multi-centre, cluster-randomised controlled feasibility trial will be conducted in UK primary care. Randomisation will take place at the practice level. We aim to recruit a total of 80 primary care patients with active asthma from at least eight practices across two health boards in Scotland (10 patients per practice resulting in ~40 in each arm). Patients in the intervention arm will be asked to complete a novel goal-setting tool immediately prior to an asthma review consultation. This will be used to underpin a
TY - CHAP. T1 - Eosinophils. AU - Lee, Nancy A.. AU - Dahl, Mark V.. AU - Jacobsen, Elizabeth A.. AU - Ochkur, Sergei I.. PY - 2011/7/27. Y1 - 2011/7/27. KW - Allergic, nonatopic asthma - allergic asthma, observed in atopic patients. KW - Asthma in humans, three groups - nonatopic allergic asthma, asthma associated with allergies and atopic asthma. KW - Eosinophil numbers, increasing in presence - of allergic disease, as asthma, AD and hay fever. KW - Eosinophil presence, in airway allergic disease - and inflammation in respiratory tract. KW - Eosinophils and T cells - cooperating in asthmatic inflammation. KW - Eosinophils and asthma - disease of lungs and airways, pathologies outside lungs, as well. KW - Eosinophils, classical view of eosinophils - as destructive effector cells, killing cells or tissues indiscriminately. KW - Nonallergic asthma, not often responsive - to prednisone treatment. KW - T cells, and eosinophils - key immune modulators and remodeling agents in asthma. KW - T cells, ...
p,Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which is characterized by reversible bronchoconstriction, airway hyperresponsiveness, and airway inflammation. Allergen inhalation by sensitized atopic asthmatics enhances airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation, providing a model to study mild asthma exacerbation. Airway inflammation can be measured non-invasively from airway secretions by sputum induction. Prior to starting this thesis, information on allergen-induced inflammation measured from sputum was limited. Furthermore, the pro- or anti-inflammatory effects of asthma therapies had not been investigated using this model of allergen-induced airway inflammation. The aim of this thesis was to first characterize the allergen-induced changes in sputum inflammatory cells and determine the repeatability of measurements of sputum inflammatory cells following allergen inhalation challenge. In addition, this thesis was aimed to investigate the pro- or anti-inflammatory effects of asthma therapies on ...
In this historical cohort study, we found that infants of asthmatic women, as compared with nonasthmatic control women, were more likely to exhibit transient tachypnea of the newborn. We also observed that the association between maternal asthma and transient tachypnea of the newborn was more pronounced in term births as opposed to preterm births and in infants of male sex as opposed to infants of female sex.. Strengths of the present study included: 1) large sample size; 2) historical cohort design; 3) extensive control for potentially confounding variables; 4) stratified analysis by gestational age and sex.. Several limitations of our study must be kept in mind. Administrative databases are prone to some degree of coding errors.26Because the analyses reported here depend on the patient data recorded at the time of obstetrical delivery, it is possible that only mothers with severe or active asthma would have been identified as such and mothers with less severe or inactive asthma may have been ...
Bermuda Hospitals Board (BHB) invites the public to an Asthma Day Open House on Thursday 6 May from 8:30am to 2:30pm in the hospital lobby. Asthma and allergy education and free spacer devices will be provided to anyone suffering with asthma or other breathing difficulties. Adult lung screening will also be offered to smokers and ex-smokers over the age of 40.. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world, affecting more than 300 million people worldwide. It is characterized by recurrent breathing problems and symptoms such as breathlessness, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing.. Asthma affects approximately 12% of our community, explains Debbie Barboza, Asthma Nurse Educator for the Asthma Education Centre at KEMH. Thousands of people suffer unnecessarily every day because of poorly controlled asthma. Yet people can control their disease and minimize incidents with proper diagnoses, education and treatment.. While hospital admissions from asthma-related incidents are ...
Asthma[edit]. Epinephrine is also used as a bronchodilator for asthma if specific β2 agonists are unavailable or ineffective.[ ... There is an epinephrine metered-dose inhaler sold over-the-counter in the United States for the relief of bronchial asthma.[47] ... When given by the subcutaneous or intramuscular routes for asthma, an appropriate dose is 0.3 to 0.5 mg.[26][27] ... The Primatene® Mist brand has built a long-time heritage for over-the-counter relief of bronchial asthma.. ...
Asthma[edit]. Main article: Asthma. The bronchi are the main passages to the right and left lungs. These airways carry the ... You can be more prone to developing this infection if you have asthma, flu, heart disease, or cancer[8][dead link] ... Inflammation of the bronchii and bronchioles can cause them to swell up, which could lead to an asthma attack. This results in ... There are different types of asthma that affect the functions of the bronchial tubes. Allergies can also set off an allergic ...
HODE replicated many of these features of asthma,[62] In the mouse model of asthma and in the human disease, epithelial cells ... Asthma[edit]. In guinea pigs, 13(S)-HODE, when injected intravenously, causes a narrowing of lung airways and, when inhaled as ... of asthma and that pharmacological inhibitors of TRPV1 may eventually proved to be useful additions to the treatment of asthma ... human suffers of asthma exhibit increased levels of 13-HODE in their blood, sputum, and washings form their lung alveola (i.e. ...
Asthma[edit]. Asthma is the most common reason for presenting to the emergency room with shortness of breath.[2] It is the most ... In 85% of cases it is due to asthma, pneumonia, cardiac ischemia, interstitial lung disease, congestive heart failure, chronic ... "How Is Asthma Treated and Controlled?". Archived from the original on 2012-09-04.. ... asthma, pneumothorax, pulmonary edema and pneumonia.[2] On a pathophysiological basis the causes can be divided into: (1) an ...
Asthma[edit]. In 2009, the national office and four of its State chapters provided training support to 49 pediatric practices ... The percentage of patients at participating practices with well-controlled asthma (as defined by the National Heart, Lung, and ... "National Academy and Affiliated State Chapters Support Pediatricians in Improving Asthma Care, Leading to Better Guideline ... to improve adherence to well-established asthma care guidelines. ...
... asthma[edit]. Main article: Thunderstorm asthma. Thunderstorm asthma is the triggering of an asthma attack by ... Taylor, P.E. & Jonsson, H. Thunderstorm asthma. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep (2004) 4: 409. doi:10.1007/s11882-004-0092-3 ... Suphioglu C. Thunderstorm Asthma Due to Grass Pollen. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1998;116:253-260. doi:10.1159/000023953 ... Dabrera G, Murray V, Emberlin J, Ayres JG, Collier C, Clewlow Y, Sachon P. Thunderstorm asthma: an overview of the evidence ...
Asthma/COPD[edit]. It is recommended that asthmatics and COPD patients be vaccinated against flu before the flu season. People ... with asthma can develop life-threatening complications from influenza and the common cold viruses. Some of these complications ...
... asthma, rashes, and eczema; d) NSAID-induced acute non-allergic reactions such as asthma, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, angioedema ... "Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 111 (3): 155-62. doi:10.1016/j.anai.2013.06.031. PMC 4088989. PMID 23987187.. ... Allergic asthma[edit]. The upstream promoter in the human ALOX5 gene commonly possess five GGGCCGG repeats which bind the Sp1 ... Zileuton is approved in the U.S.A. for the prophylaxis and chronic treatment of allergic asthma; it is also used to treat ...
Asthma[edit]. Infants may develop respiratory symptoms as a result of exposure to Penicillium, a fungal genus. Signs of mold- ... Studies have indicated a correlation between the probability of developing asthma and exposure to Penicillium.[6] ... Damp indoor environments correlate with upper-respiratory-tract symptoms, such as coughing and wheezing in people with asthma.[ ... "Levels of Household Mold Associated with Respiratory Symptoms in the First Year of Life in a Cohort at Risk for Asthma" ...
Asthma[edit]. Asthma is more common in children and adults in Central Harlem, compared to other New York City neighborhoods.[ ... "Health Effects Asthma and the Environment - CDC Tracking Network". ephtracking.cdc.gov. Retrieved October 27, 2019.. ... The rate of childhood asthma hospitalization in 2016 was more than twice that of Manhattan and New York City, with 62 ... In 2016, 270 adults per 10,000 residents visited the emergency department due to asthma, close to three times the average rates ...
Asthma[edit]. Developing asthma due to abdominal obesity is also a main concern. As a result of breathing at low lung volume, ... 2003). "Body Mass Index and Asthma Severity Among Adults Presenting to the Emergency Department". Chest. 124 (3): 795-802. doi: ... A study has stated that 75% of patients treated for asthma in the emergency room were either overweight or obese.[35] ... Shore, S.; Johnston, R. (2006). "Obesity and asthma". Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 110 (1): 83-102. doi:10.1016/j.pharmthera. ...
Asthma[edit]. As of 2015, there was no evidence that taking omega−3 supplements can prevent asthma attacks in children.[72] ... and allergic asthma) are controversial; therefore, at the present stage of our knowledge (as of 2013) we cannot state either ... "Omega-3 Fatty Acids Supplementation in Children to Prevent Asthma: Is It Worthy?-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" ...
Asthma[edit]. Asthma is more common and tends to be more severe in those of African descent. There appears to be a correlation ... "Gene Encoding Duffy Antigen/Receptor for Chemokines Is Associated with Asthma and IgE in Three Populations". Am. J. Respir. ... with both total IgE levels and asthma and mutations in the Duffy antigen.[79] ...
Asthma Management[edit]. Independent pharmacists assist patients to manage and maintain asthma control. Asthma management ... reinforcing and clarifying instructions as outlined in their asthma management plan provided by their physician; and addressing ... services include education on the types and purposes of asthma medications; demonstrating the correct techniques on using their ...
Allergy Asthma Immunol. 75 (5): 429-33. PMID 7583865.. *^ Frosch PJ, Rastogi SC, Pirker C, et al. (April 2005). "Patch testing ... Immunological; asthma and allergy[edit]. Evidence in peer-reviewed journals shows that some fragrances can cause asthmatic ... "Inhalation challenge effects of perfume scent strips in patients with asthma". Ann. ... reactions in some individuals, especially those with severe or atopic asthma.[34] Many fragrance ingredients can also cause ...
Asthma[edit]. Beta blockers are contraindicated in patients with asthma as stated in the British National Formulary 2011.[ ... Ahrens RC (1990). "Skeletal muscle tremor and the influence of adrenergic drugs". The Journal of Asthma. 27 (1): 11-20. doi: ... Beta blockers can have a constricting effect on the bronchi of the lungs, possibly worsening or causing asthma symptoms.[68] ... citation needed] The 2007 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) asthma guidelines recommend against the use of non- ...
Asthma[edit]. Although tentative data link low levels of vitamin D to asthma, evidence to support a beneficial effect on ... and that supplementation had no effect on day-to-day asthma symptoms.[94] In general practice, supplementation with vitamin D ... "Vitamin D and asthma". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 185 (2): 124-32. doi:10.1164/rccm.201108- ... is not recommended for treatment or prevention of asthma.[95] Inflammatory bowel disease[edit]. Low levels of vitamin D are ...
Chu, Eric K.; Drazen, Jeffrey M. (1 June 2005). "Asthma". American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 171 (11 ... asthma, nasal congestion and as anesthetics.[24] Drugs used to treat obesity are called anorectics and generally include drugs ... orally have been used to treat asthma, but inhaled adrenergic drugs are now preferred due to less systemic side effects. ... "Epinephrin; especially in asthma". California State Journal of Medicine. 3 (2): 54-5. PMC 1650334. PMID 18733372 ...
X-linked dominant disorders are caused by mutations in genes on the X chromosome. Only a few disorders have this inheritance pattern, with a prime example being X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets. Males and females are both affected in these disorders, with males typically being more severely affected than females. Some X-linked dominant conditions, such as Rett syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti type 2, and Aicardi syndrome, are usually fatal in males either in utero or shortly after birth, and are therefore predominantly seen in females. Exceptions to this finding are extremely rare cases in which boys with Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY) also inherit an X-linked dominant condition and exhibit symptoms more similar to those of a female in terms of disease severity. The chance of passing on an X-linked dominant disorder differs between men and women. The sons of a man with an X-linked dominant disorder will all be unaffected (since they receive their father's Y chromosome), and his daughters will ...
These modifiers have been shown to improve asthma symptoms, reduce asthma exacerbations and limit markers of inflammation such ... "A review on leukotrienes and their receptors with reference to asthma". Journal of Asthma. 50 (9): 922-931. doi:10.3109/ ... Fanta CH (March 2009). "Asthma". N Engl J Med. 360 (10): 1002-14. doi:10.1056/NEJMra0804579. PMID 19264689.. ... and mucus secretion in asthma and COPD.[1] Leukotriene receptor antagonists are sometimes colloquially referred to as leukasts ...
Atopic asthma Upregulated in eosinophils post antigen exposure.[21] Cystic fibrosis Possible correlation with severity of the ... An association of CASS4 with atopic asthma has been shown.[21] CASS4 has also been reported to be an eosinophil-associated gene ... This suggests CASS4 activity may be associated with immune response in the context of atopic asthma development. ...
... asthma); and died within two years of the other (Prus in 1912; Bierce presumably in 1914). Prus, however, unlike Bierce, went ...
"Asthma Team". *Sid Roams. *DJ Revolution. 1:59. 16.. "Do What U Do (Remix)" (featuring Malice and Nickelus F). Boi-1da. 2:56. ...
Moderate-to-severe asthma not controlled by inhaled steroids. Chronic idiopathic urticaria. 504. 2012[83]. 4%. ...
Asthma attack 3. Urgent. Stable, with multiple types of resources needed to investigate or treat (such as lab tests plus X-ray ...
Asthma and Allergies: The Symptoms Archived 17 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Asthma & Allergies. Retrieved on 31 ... July 1969). "Allergic asthma caused by basidiospores". Lancet. 2 (7612): 131-3. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(69)92441-6. PMID 4183245 ... Fungal allergies are associated with seasonal asthma.[19][20] They are considered to be a major source of airborne allergens.[ ... Those with asthma are more likely to have immediate allergic reactions and those with allergic rhinitis are more likely to have ...
"Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology. 14 (2): 57. doi:10.1186/s13223-018-0286-1. ISSN 1710-1492. PMC 6157280. PMID 30275847.. ... Allergy Asthma Immunol. 119 (3): 214-222.e3. doi:10.1016/j.anai.2017.07.010. PMID 28890018.. ... James JM, Crespo JF (2007). "Allergic reactions to foods by inhalation". Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 7 (3): 167-174. doi:10.1007/ ... From reviews, there appears to be a treatment benefit for eczema,[127][128][129] but not asthma, wheezing or ...
Asthma and Immunology/American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Specific IgE Test Task Force". Ann. Allergy Asthma ... American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. "Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question" (PDF). Choosing ... Currently, allergic diseases and asthma are usually treated with one or more of the following drugs: (1) antihistamines and ... Xolair has been approved in many countries for treating severe, persistent allergic asthma. It has also been approved in March ...
Allergy Asthma Immunol. 93 (5 Suppl 3): S2-11. doi:10.1016/S1081-1206(10)61726-7. PMID 15562868.. ...
"Asthma Community Network". Boston Urban Asthma Coalition. Retrieved 2016-04-24.. *^ a b Friedman, Evelyn. "Real Estate Trends ... In Dorchester there is a local organization by the name of Urban Asthma Coalition. This organization aims to promote the ... with the communities to change the policies through administrative advocacy that affect the community members who have asthma. ... collaboration between other organizations and residents who are concerned about factors in the community that affect asthma. ...
Frequently asked questions about asthma, asthma attacks, and how to control asthma ... What Causes an Asthma Attack?. An asthma attack can happen when you are exposed to "asthma triggers." Your asthma triggers can ... Air pollution and viral lung infection may also lead to asthma.. Occupational asthma occurs when someone who never had asthma ... State and City Asthma Contacts and Programs. *Historical Information: Asthma at a Glance 2002-2010plus icon *2010 At A Glance ...
Types of Asthma. Adult-Onset Asthma. Can you get asthma as an adult? What causes adult onset asthma? Read more to find out, and ... Allergic Asthma. Learn about the triggers and treatment for allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage allergy ... Nonallergic Asthma. Learn about the triggers and treatment for non-allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage ... Asthma-COPD Overlap. How does chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (or COPD) overlap with asthma? Learn the symptoms and ...
There is no cure for asthma, but the good news is it can be managed and treated so you can live a normal, healthy life. ... Asthma is a lung disease that makes breathing difficult for millions of Americans. ... Living with Asthma Online Support Community. Learn About Asthma. What is asthma? The more you can learn about asthma, the ... Asthma. Asthma is a lung disease that makes breathing difficult for millions of Americans. There is no cure for asthma, but the ...
Childrens Hospital of Wisconsins team of specialists treat children and adults with asthma, allergies and immunological ... Childrens is a leader in asthma, allergy and immune disorder research. We actively develop new solutions and research cures. ... Childrens Hospital of Wisconsin offers a truly unique approach to asthma, allergy and immunology diagnosis and care. Our board ... These include our Primary Immunodeficiency Program, Asthma Plus Program and clinical nutrition services. ...
Liquid Prednisone For Asthma. Vipps Certified Online Pharmacy. Monday Through Saturday Delivery. Browse An Extensive Online ... Rituximab is liquid prednisone for asthma given generally.. This includes guaifenesin and liquid prednisone for asthma top- ... The group of asthma the corticosteroid provided an funny scratch with lady steroid of each resort, their evening, condition, ... I am on liquid prednisone for asthma the my histologic subject at the 30 effect. While a adventitia may not provide good cat, ...
Asthma Briefs on WAO TV. Difference between Severe Asthma and Difficult-to-Control Asthma, Peter Howarth, BSc (Hons), MBBS, DM ... Severe Asthma in Developing Countries Alvaro A. Cruz, MD Watch Video. Asthma COPD Overlap Syndrome (ACOS) Maarten van den Berge ... Precision Medicine as It Relates to Severe Asthma Sally E. Wenzel, MD Watch Video. Blood Eosinophils in Severe Asthma David B. ... Severe Asthma - New Insights: Recorded WAO Symposium. Bronchial Thermoplasty: An Option for Difficult-to-Treat Severe Asthma: ...
The Pediatric Asthma Risk Score could improve on the track record of the Asthma Predictive Index, which in the past has been ... the Pediatric Asthma Risk Score (PARS), to help predict pediatric asthma better than current standard test Asthma Predictive ... The study, "A Pediatric Asthma Risk Score to better predict asthma development in young children," was published online in The ... At age 7, asthma was diagnosed based on reported symptoms and measurement of lung function with spirometric tests according to ...
The National Asthma Council Australia is a not-for-profit organisation working to improve health outcomes and quality of life ... The National Asthma Council Australia. We are the national authority for asthma knowledge, setting the standard for asthma care ... A new chapter for the National Asthma Council. *Latest data shows drop in asthma deaths, but Asthma Council warns against ... Asthma & allergy sensitive products. Our Sensitive Choice website. To help you identify asthma and allergy-aware products, ...
CDC works to help Americans with asthma achieve better health and improved quality of life. ... State and City Asthma Contacts and Programs. *Historical Information: Asthma at a Glance 2002-2010plus icon *2010 At A Glance ... Asthma Surveillance Dataplus icon *NHIS Asthma Prevalence Dataplus icon *2019 Data ... CDCs National Asthma Control Program works to help Americans with asthma achieve better health and improved quality of life. ...
... makes it hard to breathe. But with treatment, the condition can be managed so that kids can still do the things they ... How Is Asthma Treated?. Theres no cure for asthma, but it can be managed to prevent flare-ups. Asthma treatment involves two ... Triggers can lead to asthma flare-ups or "attacks.". What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Asthma?. Asthma Flare-Ups. Flare-ups ... What Is Asthma?. Asthma is a condition that causes breathing problems. Kids may cough, wheeze, or be short of breath. This ...
Work-related asthma: Most frequently reported agents associated with work-related asthma cases by asthma classification, 2009- ... Work-related asthma: Most frequently reported agents associated with work-related asthma cases by state, 2009-2012 2017-926 ... Work-related asthma: Primary industries (2002 NAICS) associated with work-related asthma cases by state, 2009-2013 2019-952 ... Work-related asthma: Primary occupations (2000 COC) associated with work-related asthma cases by state, 2009-2013 2019-953 ...
Occupational asthma is an occupational lung disease and a type of asthma. Like other types of asthma, it is characterized by ... NIOSH: Prevention of Occupational Asthma Occupational asthma and work aggravated asthma (UK). ... T78) Occupational Asthma : Table of agents, products and substances which can cause asthma de Groene, Gerda J.; Pal, Teake M.; ... "Occupational asthma". Mayo Clinic. 23 May 2009. "OSH Answers Asthma, Work-related". Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and ...
Brittle asthma is one of the "unstable" subtypes of "difficult asthma", a term used to characterize the less than 5% of asthma ... Brittle asthma is a type of asthma distinguishable from other forms by recurrent, severe attacks. There are two subtypes ... 1999). Difficult asthma. Informa Health Care. p. 291. ISBN 1-85317-556-0. Gupta D, Ayres JG (2001). "Brittle asthma: a separate ... 1999s Difficult Asthma estimates a prevalence of approximately .05% brittle asthma sufferers among the asthmatic population. ...
Asthma keeps more kids home from school than any other chronic illness. Learn how to help your child manage the condition, stay ...
Properly managing your asthma can reduce the number and severity of your asthma attacks. Left untreated, asthma can cause long- ... The main goal for people living with asthma is control. ... Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the ... Properly managing your asthma can reduce the number and severity of your asthma attacks. Left untreated, asthma can cause long- ... What is asthma?. Asthma is a chronic (long-term) condition that causes the airways to become inflamed and narrow. Symptoms of ...
asthma (usually uncountable, plural asthmas or asthmata). *(pathology) A long-term respiratory condition, in which the airways ... Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἆσθμα (âsthma, "laborious breathing, asthma").. Pronunciation[edit]. *(Received Pronunciation) IPA( ... "My auntie wouldnt let me blow on account of my asthma. He said you blew from down here." Piggy laid a hand on his jutting ... Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.. ...
... in New York City. Asthma is a chronic disease that makes it difficult to breathe, affecting your ability to ... Asthma Care: Asthma Action Plans. At HHC, we are using the latest technology to battle this disease. Our healthcare teams ... Asthma, an airway disease that causes coughing and wheezing, affects both children and adults. You can find excellent asthma ... If you have symptoms of asthma, or a family history of asthma, talk to an HHC doctor about treatment to manage and control your ...
Find allergy symptoms and asthma treatment advice from ... ... Asthma is an allergy practice with offices throughout Kentucky ... Stephanie - My asthma is under control and I live a much happier life - Duration: 31 seconds.. *130 views ... Do you have Asthma? - Learn about our Research Institute - Duration: 16 seconds.. *13 views ... Family Allergy & Asthma Now Open in Zionsville, IN - Duration: 57 seconds.. *87 views ...
Asthma, Headaches, Biofeedback, Psychosomatics - and self help. Biofeedback can cure asthma and other allergies ... or at least ... involved in an asthma attack. "Luckily" one can feel the headache and the distress of asthma, without their being magnified by ... One of the main processes of asthma is the constriction of air ducts: the major ones and the more delicate. All of them have ... Beware!! Sometimes, it is hard to get rid from the addiction to the various drugs one was prescribed to curb the asthma attacks ...
Reference: NIAID Asthma Web page: http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/asthma/. NHLBI Diseases and Conditions Index: Asthma http:// ... Central to NIAID, NHLBI and NIEHS efforts in asthma research is the goal of reducing the burden that asthma presents to all ... Currently, there is no way to prevent or cure asthma. Existing treatments for asthma focus on optimizing control of disease ... prevent and treat respiratory diseases such as asthma. From research, we now know with great certainty that asthma results from ...
Information on disparities in the burden of asthma in the U.S. Groups at risk include African Americans, Puerto Ricans, ... advances in asthma treatment mean that asthma control is achievable for nearly all persons with asthma, but only if clinicians ... Reducing Asthma Disparities. Gaps in the implementation of clinical practice guidelines for asthma contribute to the ongoing ... Disparities in the Burden of Asthma. Not all things are equal when it comes to the burden of asthma. Consider these quick facts ...
Find out whats going on in the lungs and how to stay healthy, if you have asthma. ... If I have asthma, can I keep my pet?. Some kids with asthma can have pets - it depends on the pet and the persons asthma. ... Whats an Asthma Flare-Up?. You can learn to handle asthma flare-ups. Find out how to tell if a flare-up is coming on, as well ... How to Use Asthma Devices. Whats the difference between a nebulizer and an inhaler? Find out how to use your asthma treatments ...
Asthma.. Lemanske RF Jr, Busse WW.. Abstract. For unknown reasons, the morbidity and mortality from asthma are increasing in ... and long-term management of asthma. Therapeutic intervention has focused on the appreciation that airway obstruction in asthma ... The heterogeneous nature of the clinical manifestations and therapeutic responses of asthma in both adult and pediatric ...
Asthma Surveillance (Asthma GIS Maps) The Burden of Asthma in Connecticut 2012 Surveillance Report Asthma is a chronic disease ... in Connecticut reported having an episode of asthma or an asthma attack in the past 12 months. Asthma Data Brief-Comparison of ... in Connecticut reported having an episode of asthma or an asthma attack in the past 12 months. Youth Asthma in Connecticut, ... Fast Facts about Asthma in ConnecticutA one-page summary of facts about asthma in Connecticut based on data from 2005-2010. ...
external link Thunderstorm Asthma - Welcome to the Asthma Foundation external link Victorians suffer through the worst hay ... So, thunderstorm asthma is an allergic reaction to grass pollen and you dont have to be asthmatic to get it - in fact, ... I think because it was the first time Id had an asthma attack, Im now aware of it more than I was before. I certainly didnt ... Peter and the other patients were caught in an epidemic of thunderstorm asthma - a rare phenomenon thats caused by a perfect ...
Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs. It often starts in childhood and can be treated and managed with controller and ... Asthma in Kids. Living with asthma as a child can be difficult. Asthma attacks interfere with a childs physical activity, ... Symptoms of an asthma attack include the following:. *Coughing. Coughing from asthma is usually worse early in the morning and ... Asthma cannot be prevented, and there is no cure. You can help avoid asthma attacks by avoiding the triggers that can start an ...
There are still about 1500 deaths a year from asthma in the UK, many of which may be preventable, and asthma affects about ... Asthma is a variable condition. You can make the diagnosis by noting a history of variable symptoms, confirmed by variability ... The prevalence of active asthma in the United Kingdom is 5.8% according to data from the quality and outcomes framework of the ... Patients action plans should include details of their asthma drugs, advice about when to take further action, what to do if ...
We ended up discussing students with asthma. It seemed that everyone had noticed an increase in asthma cases at their schools. ... To help educate the public, ALA sponsors a program called "Asthma 101." It includes a pamphlet about asthma basics, and an ... Emotions (emotional factors are not the cause of asthma, however, emotional stress may trigger asthma) ... Asthma Alert. Are You Ready to Assist an Asthmatic Student Who Cant Breathe?. Dave Arnold. You never know what education ...
Asthma.. Fanta CH1.. Author information. 1. Partners Asthma Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, ...
Asthma Wizard The Asthma Wizard will guide you through fun activities to help you learn all about asthma and how it affects ... Living with Asthma Get tips to manage your asthma and create asthma-friendly environments so you can be active and healthy. ... Kids Asthma Check: For Ages 1-8- (PDF) If youve been told your child has asthma, or if your child has trouble breathing when ... CDC Vitalsigns: Asthma in the United States, What Can Be Done Asthma is increasing every year in the U.S., and now afflicts ...
  • An asthma attack can happen when you are exposed to " asthma triggers . (cdc.gov)
  • Your asthma triggers can be very different from someone else's asthma triggers. (cdc.gov)
  • Learn about the triggers and treatment for allergic asthma and how an allergist can help you manage allergy and asthma symptoms. (acaai.org)
  • While there is no cure for asthma, it can be managed by working with a healthcare provider to develop a plan to avoid asthma triggers and use medication properly. (lung.org)
  • Asthma can be controlled by taking medicine and avoiding the triggers that can cause an attack. (cdc.gov)
  • You must also remove the triggers in your environment that can make your asthma worse. (cdc.gov)
  • Triggers can lead to asthma flare-ups or "attacks. (kidshealth.org)
  • An important part of managing asthma is avoiding triggers. (kidshealth.org)
  • Asthma treatment involves two important things: avoiding triggers and taking medicine . (kidshealth.org)
  • You can help avoid asthma attacks by avoiding the triggers that can start an asthma attack. (familydoctor.org)
  • The plan will include recognizing your symptoms and avoiding your asthma triggers. (familydoctor.org)
  • Some were aware of common asthma triggers while others were clueless. (nea.org)
  • Triggers are things that can cause asthma symptoms. (healthfinder.gov)
  • These are called asthma triggers. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Here is a list of some of the most important asthma triggers that you should be aware of. (healthfinder.gov)
  • The most important treatment for asthma is to keep your child away from his asthma triggers as much as possible. (massgeneral.org)
  • Asthma symptoms can be caused by breathing in substances called allergens or triggers, or by other causes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Follow your provider's instructions on taking medicines, eliminating asthma triggers, and monitoring symptoms. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In contrast to the limited understanding of the relationship of environmental exposures to the onset of asthma, the environmental triggers of asthma attacks for children with asthma have become increasingly well characterized. (news-medical.net)
  • Upper respiratory viral infections are also recognized as important triggers for asthma episodes. (news-medical.net)
  • This is particularly important for asthma management, since the environmental management of asthma requires knowledge of asthma triggers and specific actions that can be undertaken to reduce exposure to these triggers. (news-medical.net)
  • Asthma triggers don't cause asthma, however they can make asthma symptoms worse. (bellaonline.com)
  • Learn about common asthma triggers and what you can do to keep your asthma under control. (bellaonline.com)
  • Dust and dust mites are common asthma and allergy triggers. (bellaonline.com)
  • Fragrances and strong odors can be harmful asthma triggers. (bellaonline.com)
  • Did you know there are some surprising asthma triggers you may not have considered? (bellaonline.com)
  • Read on to learn about these additional asthma triggers, and what to do to stay healthy! (bellaonline.com)
  • No wonder, as winter has its own set of asthma triggers. (bellaonline.com)
  • The House passed an appropriations bill late last month that would allow Medicaid reimbursement for specialists to visit the homes of low-income patients with severe asthma to identify asthma triggers in those homes. (usatoday.com)
  • Exercise-induced asthma is managed by avoiding the offending allergic triggers and using medications up to an hour before exercising. (medicinenet.com)
  • it may involve a modification of the asthma action plan, such as better strategies to avoid triggers. (medicinenet.com)
  • no two individuals have exactly the same triggers or symptoms, and one person's asthma attack might be very different from one day to the next. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The AAFA blog features posts on asthma-related topics, such as how avoiding tobacco smoke plays a key role in preventing asthma, how to avoid asthma triggers during holiday celebrations that are held outside, and a checklist of forms you need for school if your child has asthma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Other preventable measures are to avoid triggers that start asthma, including staying indoors and wearing masks. (answers.com)
  • The CAARE program is pleased to offer the Information Hotline, which provides information on asthma and its triggers. (longbeach.gov)
  • A community health worker will come to your home and educate you on asthma, its triggers, and on how to make your home a healthier place to live by using non-toxic cleaning supplies. (longbeach.gov)
  • The CHW asks permission to do the Asthma Home Environment Checklist, which assesses certain asthma triggers that may exist in the home. (longbeach.gov)
  • An estimated 20 million Americans suffer from asthma, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and identifying the triggers of an attack is currently a guessing game. (technologyreview.com)
  • The new sensor system, he says, is really trying to answer the question, "What are the triggers for people with asthma? (technologyreview.com)
  • The device is about the size of a cell phone and contains a total of five sensors that measure different possible asthma triggers: ozone, nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, carbon dioxide, and total volatile organic compounds-the brew of chemicals that are emitted as gases from products such as paints, cleaning supplies, and building materials. (technologyreview.com)
  • While the above factors may contribute to your child being at risk for asthma, the triggers below actually cause attacks. (parenting.com)
  • Asthma triggers differ from person to person -- if you have two kids with asthma, one may get an attack after petting a neighbor's dog, while the other may instead start coughing on a cold, windy day. (parenting.com)
  • Some people with asthma rarely experience symptoms, usually in response to triggers, whereas others may react frequently and readily and experience persistent symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you have asthma, you have it all the time, but you will have asthma attacks only when something bothers your lungs. (cdc.gov)
  • Long-term control medicines help you have fewer and milder attacks, but they don't help you while you are having an asthma attack. (cdc.gov)
  • Brittle asthma is a type of asthma distinguishable from other forms by recurrent, severe attacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with type 1 suffer chronic attacks in spite of ongoing medical therapy, while those with type 2 experience sudden, acute and even potentially life-threatening attacks even though otherwise their asthma seems well managed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Properly managing your asthma can reduce the number and severity of your asthma attacks. (fda.gov)
  • Puerto Ricans have the highest rates of asthma attacks and deaths due to asthma. (nih.gov)
  • Asthma attacks can be mild, moderate, or severe. (familydoctor.org)
  • Severe asthma attacks can be life threatening. (familydoctor.org)
  • If someone in your family has allergies or asthma, take steps to prevent allergy and asthma attacks in your home. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Indoor allergens and irritants play a significant role in triggering asthma attacks. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Keeping an Asthma Diary Keeping an asthma diary will help you recognize asthma attacks and head them off. (webmd.com)
  • Sometimes asthma attacks happen without warning. (massgeneral.org)
  • Asthma attacks known cause are genetic and environmental, but mostly genetic found in the DNA of the victims. (selfgrowth.com)
  • One might constantly have life threatening asthma attacks and some others might only experience it once in a while which might be a result of exercise or exposure to too much dust. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Respiratory symptoms: the respiratory symptoms of asthma attacks come in various ways which includes, wheezing, rapid breathing, difficulty in breathing, constant respiratory infections, inability or shortness of breath at night that might force on to breathe through the mouth. (selfgrowth.com)
  • My asthma is quite bad at the moment and I am having frequent attacks. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • These episodes, sometimes referred to as asthma attacks, are triggered by irritation of the inflamed airways. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In allergic asthma, the attacks occur when substances known as allergens are inhaled, causing an allergic reaction. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Because of this hyperresponsiveness, attacks can be triggered by irritants other than allergens, such as physical activity, respiratory infections, or exposure to tobacco smoke, in people with allergic asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most people with asthma have attacks separated by symptom-free periods. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Asthma attacks can last for minutes to days. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Reducing exposure to environmental allergens and pollutants will reduce the frequency and severity of attacks for children with asthma, reduce their need for medicine, and improve their lung function. (news-medical.net)
  • Children are exposed to many environmental agents that could trigger asthma attacks. (news-medical.net)
  • Discover information about asthma attacks, asthma symptoms, and asthma treatments. (medicinenet.com)
  • Patients also require regular, daily medication to manage their asthma and stop attacks. (redorbit.com)
  • He told Medical News Today that his asthma attacks give him "[a] tight chest and [tight] shoulders, pressure everywhere above the diaphragm, including the face and head, a constant grasping for breath, and an inability to breath deeply. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Coffee has no effect on asthma.A different perspective:As the parent of an asthmatic child, cold coffee can sometimes help reduce the severity of mild to moderate attacks. (answers.com)
  • If you are having severe attacks I would consult your doctor and only follow your doctors care when concerning care for your asthma. (answers.com)
  • warm or hot coffee will stop asthma attacks and wheezing, use decaf of course so you can still sleep, if that doesn't work use a d-humidifier with a little lemon juice in the water to help clean out the lungs. (answers.com)
  • To help during Asthma Attacks. (answers.com)
  • Advair or Flovent or other Asthma medications to help Attacks occur less. (answers.com)
  • This narrows the space available for air to make its way out of the lungs, and breathing out is always more difficult than breathing in, thus producing the characteristic wheezing sound associated with asthma attacks. (healthy.net)
  • The mucus is also a breeding-ground for bacteria, so attacks of bronchitis may arise as a complication of the asthma. (healthy.net)
  • Many asthma attacks are triggered by allergens, such as dust, mould spores, mites, animal hair or feathers but the onset may equally be caused by cold air, or it may be preceded by an infection such as a cold. (healthy.net)
  • Certainly, stress and more specifically acute anxiety are known to be the immediate trigger for many attacks, and this can sometimes give rise to a vicious circle of asthma - anxiety about the asthma - further attacks. (healthy.net)
  • The National Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) and the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) describe severe asthma as a patient who has frequent and severe attacks of asthma but is not on high doses of controller medications. (healthcentral.com)
  • The CSM announced last week that its working group will concentrate on whether beta-2 agonists should be recommended only for treatment of asthma attacks. (newscientist.com)
  • A follow-up study of more than 46,000 people caught up in the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, found one in 10 had been diagnosed with asthma five or six years after the disaster. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Among rescue and recovery workers, asthma risk was highest for those attending the scene of the attacks on September 11. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • A portable sensor array measures air quality to discern the causes of asthma attacks. (technologyreview.com)
  • The device is a combination of sensors that measure the level of chemicals in the air thought to cause asthma attacks, such as ozone, volatile organic compounds, and formaldehyde. (technologyreview.com)
  • Mark Jones (above) is the lead engineer for the development of a sensor system (below) that measures five types of chemicals known to cause asthma attacks. (technologyreview.com)
  • Data from the LIBERTY ASTHMA QUEST study also showed that Dupixent, when added to standard therapies, reduced severe asthma attacks and improved lung function. (yahoo.com)
  • Asthma attacks can be triggered by certain environmental factors such as air pollution, mold, pets/pet dander, and dust mites in the environment. (mass.gov)
  • The Environmental Epidemiology Program (EEP) within the Bureau of Environmental Health (BEH) provides information about asthma and the environment and helps to educate the public about the variety of environmental exposures that can trigger asthma attacks. (mass.gov)
  • Sure, there's quite a few way to circumvent the effects of asthma, but a new development coming out of McMaster University in Canada suggests that radiofrequency treatment can actually curb the amount of asthma attacks suffered by asthmatics. (engadget.com)
  • There are two oils that are said to have 'antihistamine like' properties and are said to prevent asthma attacks. (selfgrowth.com)
  • One of my French mentors wrote, years ago: "Asthma is a tricky thing, different circumstances can trigger attacks in different people, so caution is important here. (selfgrowth.com)
  • British scientists have identified a sequence of biological events that could trigger life-threatening asthma attacks in people suffering from colds - a finding that holds the potential for developing more effective medicines. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • I wanted to know what was going on inside the body to cause asthma attacks. (prezi.com)
  • Having a doctor check how well your lungs work and check for allergies can help you find out if you have asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • He or she will ask whether anyone in your family has or has had asthma, allergies, or other breathing problems. (cdc.gov)
  • That means we diagnose and treat both adults and children, which can be especially helpful for families with multiple allergies or asthma-sufferers. (chw.org)
  • Do Allergies Cause Asthma? (kidshealth.org)
  • When you already have asthma, having allergies can sometimes make it worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • Your doctor will ask you for your medical history, especially any family history of allergies and asthma. (familydoctor.org)
  • They will listen to your breathing and look for signs of allergies and asthma. (familydoctor.org)
  • Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America offers support groups for parents, pre-teens and teens, adults, and those with food allergies. (healthfinder.gov)
  • This Web site has games, puzzles, videos and more to help you learn about managing your allergies and asthma. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Some people with allergic asthma have another allergic disorder, such as hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or food allergies. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Development of these conditions typically follows a pattern, beginning with eczema ( atopic dermatitis ), followed by food allergies, then hay fever, and finally asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Many people with asthma have a personal or family history of allergies , such as hay fever ( allergic rhinitis ) or eczema . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Allergies to cockroaches can be a major contributor to asthma trouble. (bellaonline.com)
  • Dairy products cause health issues for some people, including asthma and allergies. (bellaonline.com)
  • Asthma can either be the allergic type, prompted by allergies to pollen, pet dander or other allergens, or the non-allergic "intrinsic" type, triggered by things like cold air, viral infections, exercise, stress or smoke. (parenting.com)
  • Acetaminophen use and risk of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis, and eczema in adolescents: international study of asthma and allergies in childhood phase three. (medscape.com)
  • And about 35 to 40 percent of people with seasonal allergies also have exercise -induced asthma and symptoms worsen during the spring and fall. (medicinenet.com)
  • They also aim to be the voice for people with asthma and allergies, and to create laws with the government that improve and protect quality of life. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The latest asthma posts on their blog include an explanation of the cause of asthma, tips to help manage asthma during the winter months, and how to prepare yourself, your child, and their school when your child has asthma or allergies. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If your son is wheezing and doesn't have an official diagnosis of asthma or allergies, you need to take him in to be seen. (medhelp.org)
  • Drinking just a glass of wine or a pint of beer a day could make asthma and allergies worse, a new scientific study suggests. (decanter.com)
  • The findings could explain the rise in asthma and allergies in the past decade, which have reached epidemic proportions. (decanter.com)
  • The goals of the CAARE Project are to improve the health and well-being of adults with asthma, and to assist communities in West Long Beach to reduce and/or eliminate indoor and outdoor air pollutants that may contribute to asthma, allergies, and other respiratory illnesses. (longbeach.gov)
  • Trained field workers interviewed caretakers of these children to diagnose wheezing using an adopted questionnaire of the International Studies of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). (springer.com)
  • The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Steering Committee. (springer.com)
  • They say the surplus cells prevent the immune system from overreacting to allergens, which can trigger asthma and allergies like hay fever. (npr.org)
  • The authors concluded that many infants with wheezing had a transient condition associated with diminished airway function at birth and were not at increased risk for asthma or allergies later in life. (cmaj.ca)
  • Although Grace, 10, has both asthma and food allergies, she does not let either get in her way. (aafa.org)
  • Lucia feels that helping Grace learn to manage her asthma and food allergies is a way to #TackleAsthma . (aafa.org)
  • Both a family history of asthma, particularly in parents, and a family history of allergies predispose children to asthma. (parenting.com)
  • Find out how to spot the differences between an allergy and a cold, what can trigger allergies or asthma and the symptoms to watch for. (babycenter.com)
  • Worried that your toddler could be suffering from allergies or asthma ? (babycenter.com)
  • Discover what can trigger allergies and asthma, how to handle and treat your child's condition, and whether it's possible to prevent allergies in the first place. (babycenter.com)
  • These could be signs of allergies or asthma . (babycenter.com)
  • Many children have allergies or asthma that are mistaken for colds or other ailments. (babycenter.com)
  • If your little one is plagued by constant coughing, wheezing, itching, or a runny or stuffy nose, learn more about the most common symptoms and treatments for allergies and asthma, and how allergies can change with the seasons. (babycenter.com)
  • Allergies or Asthma acting up? (babycenter.com)
  • Asthma: Physiology, Immunopharmacology, and Treatment is a collection of essays that discusses the clinical signs and symptoms of allergic bronchial asthma and the effects of a number of intricate sequences of biochemical reactions initiated by the combination of antigen and antibody. (elsevier.com)
  • Diffuse panbronchiolitis is prevalent in Japan and the Far East, and it may mimic bronchial asthma with wheezing, coughing, dyspnea on exertion, and sinusitis. (medscape.com)
  • Although bronchial asthma causes a great deal of morbidity among children in Bangladesh, few epidemiological studies addressed this problem. (springer.com)
  • What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Asthma? (kidshealth.org)
  • If you have symptoms of asthma, or a family history of asthma, talk to an HHC doctor about treatment to manage and control your condition. (nyc.gov)
  • What are common symptoms of asthma? (massgeneral.org)
  • Fast heart rate and early waking is also among the early symptoms of asthma. (selfgrowth.com)
  • As the symptoms of asthma such as wheezing and coughing worsen, you become more anxious, and then your asthma symptoms worsen. (webmd.com)
  • The immune response leads to the symptoms of asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Inhaled anti-inflammatory medications have become the mainstay of medical management to prevent asthma episodes and lessen chronic symptoms of asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • While the symptoms of asthma can in many instances be controlled with diligent medication use, the underlying pathology and potential long-term declines of lung function remain largely unaddressed. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Worldwide variation in prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and atopic eczema: ISAAC. (springer.com)
  • A controversial alternative technique to control the symptoms of asthma by restricting air intake may be about to be reconsidered by the medical establishment that had condemned it. (theage.com.au)
  • Getting regular exercise and eating fresh vegetables can ease the symptoms of asthma, the National Center for Global Health and Medicine has reported. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • During an asthma attack, the sides of the airways in your lungs swell and the airways shrink. (cdc.gov)
  • Like other types of asthma, it is characterized by airway inflammation, reversible airways obstruction, and bronchospasm, but it is caused by something in the workplace environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways. (fda.gov)
  • Asthma is a chronic (long-term) condition that causes the airways to become inflamed and narrow. (fda.gov)
  • They are inhaled to help relax the muscles of your airways and provide quick relief of symptoms during an asthma attack. (fda.gov)
  • Long-term control medications are used on a regular basis to reduce the inflammation and constriction of the airways that cause asthma symptoms. (fda.gov)
  • Burden Report 2012} Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory system that is characterized by reversible obstruction of the airways and airway hyper-responsiveness to a variety of stimuli. (ct.gov)
  • So for something to penetrate the lower airways, to cause asthma, you need smaller, micronic particles, less than five microns in diameter. (abc.net.au)
  • The airways of people who have asthma are extra sensitive to the things they're allergic to (allergens). (familydoctor.org)
  • Asthma symptoms start when irritants cause the lining of the airways to become inflamed (swollen) and narrow. (familydoctor.org)
  • Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease that causes the airways in your child's lungs to become inflamed (swell or tighten). (massgeneral.org)
  • Asthma is a breathing disorder characterized by inflammation of the airways and recurrent episodes of breathing difficulty. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A hallmark of asthma is bronchial hyperresponsiveness, which means the airways are especially sensitive to irritants and respond excessively. (medlineplus.gov)
  • An asthma attack is characterized by tightening of the muscles around the airways (bronchoconstriction), which narrows the airway and makes breathing difficult. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Asthma is a chronic disease that causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Asthma is caused by swelling (inflammation) in the airways. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When an asthma attack occurs, the lining of the air passages swells and the muscles surrounding the airways become tight. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When children have asthma, the airways leading to the lungs (called bronchial tubes) become inflamed and narrowed. (parenting.com)
  • About half of all young children diagnosed with asthma appear to outgrow it by adolescence, but these individuals still have sensitive airways and symptoms can reappear later in life. (parenting.com)
  • Asthma is an inflammatory disease -- the airways of the lungs are inflamed. (medicinenet.com)
  • The medicine that the inhalers use, the albuterol that swiftly unlocks airways in an asthma attack, will not change. (redorbit.com)
  • Instead, asthma is an umbrella term for inflammation and swelling of the airways, which can result in a range of symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Asthma is a lung condition that can make your airways narrow, swell, and produce extra mucus, which causes breathing difficulties. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Asthma is a disease affecting the airways that carry air to and from your lungs. (answers.com)
  • Clive Page, a pharmacologist at King's College, London, says that the constriction of the airways which makes it hard to breath in asthma, is a natural defence against allergens such as cats' hairs or the faeces of house dust mites. (newscientist.com)
  • He says long-term use of the drugs may cause irreversible damage to the walls of the airways ('Are asthma drugs a cure that kills? (newscientist.com)
  • Strachan speculates that the perceived rise in asthma deaths among older people is caused by misdiagnosis of other obstructive diseases of the airways. (newscientist.com)
  • The small airways and distal lung compartment in asthma and COPD: a time for reappraisal. (springer.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic, non-communicable disease that inflames and narrows airways of the lungs. (prezi.com)
  • Asthma is a long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • At age 7, asthma was diagnosed based on reported symptoms and measurement of lung function with spirometric tests according to American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society guidelines. (mdmag.com)
  • Asthma in general is an incurable condition that deals with the respiratory system which result to the narrowing of airway. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Many common air pollutants, such as ozone, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter are respiratory irritants and can exacerbate asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • Exercise-induced asthma is initiated by the process of respiratory heat exchange (the fall in airway temperature during rapid breathing followed by rapid reheating with lowered ventilation). (medicinenet.com)
  • This comprehensive, manageable and practical clinical text on asthma is aimed at trainee respiratory physicians, general physicians and practicing specialists. (worldcat.org)
  • Millions of Americans suffer from respiratory diseases, including Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (phrma.org)
  • Several hundred thousand sufferers of asthma and other respiratory conditions line out to be served a live two inch long sardine smeared in a secret spice mix by 200 members of the Goud family. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Peter Gibson, of the Centre for Asthma and Respiratory Diseases at the University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute in Newcastle, Australia, is a co-researcher on the study. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Dr. Debley has clinical expertise in asthma, cystic fibrosis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, restrictive lung diseases of childhood and the management of acute and chronic respiratory failure. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Role and contribution of viral respiratory infections to asthma. (springer.com)
  • Effects of viral respiratory infections on lung development and childhood asthma. (springer.com)
  • Sigurs N, Bjarnason R, Sigurbergsson F, Kjellman B, Bjorksten B. Asthma and immunoglobulin E antibodies after respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis: a prospective cohort study with matched controls. (springer.com)
  • Alfred respiratory specialist Frank Thien, a member of the study team, said it was too early to draw conclusions but certain patients would find breathing techniques useful to control asthma. (theage.com.au)
  • It is because of the oils' powerful effects on the respiratory tract that well tolerated essential oils can bring swift relief to Asthma sufferers. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Asthma camps are led by respiratory therapists and nurses who provide medical education, management and oversight for attendees. (wikipedia.org)
  • How does chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (or COPD) overlap with asthma? (acaai.org)
  • Type 1 is characterized by sustained, chronic variability of PEFR, while type 2 is distinguished by sudden unpredictable drops in PEFR where asthma symptoms are otherwise well controlled and the function of the lungs is not substantially impaired. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma is a chronic disease that makes it difficult to breathe, affecting your ability to exercise and be active. (nyc.gov)
  • Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease of the lungs. (familydoctor.org)
  • Asthma is a chronic lung disease that cannot be cured, but can be controlled by taking medicine and making changes in your environment. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Asthma is the most common chronic illness among children, although it can affect people of any age. (parenting.com)
  • Although asthma is a serious, chronic disease, the old stereotype of the lonely asthmatic child trapped in the house, unable to play with friends or participate in sports is far from true. (parenting.com)
  • A link between chronic asthma and chronic infection. (medscape.com)
  • People with chronic asthma can develop symptoms whenever they are exposed to a "trigger" of the asthma , such as a virus, pollen , dust, or cigarette smoke. (medicinenet.com)
  • About 80 to 90 percent of people who have chronic asthma have exercise -induced asthma. (medicinenet.com)
  • Learn about asthma, a chronic inflammation disorder of the bronchiole tubes. (medicinenet.com)
  • Asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap (ACO) continues to be a poorly understood condition. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with persistent airflow obstruction who exhibit features of both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are categorized into a group called asthma/COPD overlap (ACO). (medscape.com)
  • [ 45 ] Patients with chronic symptoms suggestive of asthma, normal spirometry, poor response to asthma medications, and frequent evaluations should be evaluated for vocal cord dysfunction. (medscape.com)
  • In the United States alone, almost 7 million children have asthma (Atlanta is ranked 47th among the 50 worst cities for asthma nationwide), which is one of the most common serious chronic diseases of childhood. (prweb.com)
  • Severe asthma is characterized by uncontrolled symptoms and recurrent exacerbation with excessive chronic airway inflammation despite adequate and even maximum treatment with these current medications. (springer.com)
  • Fluticasone at different doses for chronic asthma in adults and children. (springer.com)
  • Combination formoterol and budesonide as maintenance and reliever therapy versus inhaled steroid maintenance for chronic asthma in adults and children. (springer.com)
  • In fact, asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of breathlessness and has a significant unmet medical need. (yahoo.com)
  • This is because it affects 315 million individuals worldwide and up to 10% of patients who have severe asthma, despite high doses of standard-of-care asthma controller medicines and can require the use of chronic oral corticosteroids (OCS). (yahoo.com)
  • If you start wheezing or coughing during exercise, or if physical exertion makes it difficult for you to breathe, you may have exercise-induced asthma. (acaai.org)
  • Doctors help people with exercise-induced asthma manage physical activity, not avoid it. (kidshealth.org)
  • Exercise-Induced Asthma - Duration: 103 seconds. (youtube.com)
  • Study finds other conditions mimic exercise-induced asthma. (runnersworld.com)
  • You may have exercise induced asthma. (bellaonline.com)
  • Randolph C. Exercise-induced asthma: update on pathophysiology, clinical diagnosis, and treatment. (medscape.com)
  • Exercise-induced asthma is a common form of asthma that occurs only when a person exercises. (medicinenet.com)
  • Exercise-induced asthma tends particularly to affect children and young adults (because of their high level of physical activity) but can occur at any age. (medicinenet.com)
  • Of note, cold dry air is believed to trigger exercise-induced asthma. (medicinenet.com)
  • Exercise-induced asthma is monitored using a peak-flow meter . (medicinenet.com)
  • While in the past, athletes were forced out of competition because of exercise-induced asthma, today they can frequently get back in the stride with their peers. (medicinenet.com)
  • In one case, the anomalies, which simulated exercise-induced asthma, were noticed first in a young woman only after a vigorous exercise program. (medscape.com)
  • We don't know all the things that can cause asthma, but we do know that genetic, environmental, and occupational factors have been linked to developing asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • What can cause asthma symptoms? (massgeneral.org)
  • Further work is essential to clarify how genetic susceptibility and environmental exposures interact to cause asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • 1999's Difficult Asthma estimates a prevalence of approximately .05% brittle asthma sufferers among the asthmatic population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compared to white children, asthma prevalence is higher in children who are Puerto Rican (2.4 times), African American (1.6 times), and American Indian/Alaska Native (1.3 times). (nih.gov)
  • In general, these disadvantaged and at-risk populations experience above-average rates of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths that are much higher than differences in asthma prevalence would suggest. (nih.gov)
  • Asthma prevalence, health care use and mortality: United States, 2003-05. (nih.gov)
  • Asthma prevalence in Connecticut adults and children has been higher than national prevalence rates since the year 2000. (ct.gov)
  • The prevalence of active asthma in the United Kingdom is 5.8% according to data from the quality and outcomes framework of the new general medical services contract (which allocates 45 points for caring for patients with asthma). (bmj.com)
  • The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux in asthma patients without reflux symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • While the role of economic and environmental factors in childhood asthma have been studied extensively, there has been very little investigation of how social factors might influence the prevalence of the disease, Gupta and her associates note in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. (reuters.com)
  • They previously demonstrated sharp differences in asthma prevalence among Chicago neighborhoods and in the current study looked at whether community characteristics might explain these differences. (reuters.com)
  • They found that neighborhoods with low asthma prevalence had higher scores on the Community Vitality Index, which combines ratings for social capital, economic potential, and community amenities. (reuters.com)
  • The findings point to policy changes at the community level that could help reduce asthma prevalence, Gupta said. (reuters.com)
  • The researchers also found, surprisingly, that more stable communities and those that scored higher on measures of neighborhood interaction had a higher prevalence of asthma. (reuters.com)
  • Has the prevalence of asthma increased in children? (springer.com)
  • National survey of prevalence of asthma among children in the United States, 1976 to 1980. (springer.com)
  • Manfreda J, Becker AB, Wang PZ, Roos LL, Anthonisen NR. Trends in physician-diagnosed asthma prevalence in Manitoba between 1980 and 1990. (springer.com)
  • Trends in prevalence and severity of childhood asthma. (springer.com)
  • Self-reported asthma symptoms in children and adults of Bangladesh: findings of the National Asthma Prevalence Study. (springer.com)
  • Getting a yearly flu shot is also important, as illnesses like the flu can trigger asthma flare-ups. (kidshealth.org)
  • Can stress trigger asthma? (webmd.com)
  • Substances in some workplaces can also trigger asthma symptoms, leading to occupational asthma . (medlineplus.gov)
  • House dust mites, cockroaches, mold and animal dander have been identified as the principal allergens that trigger asthma symptoms. (news-medical.net)
  • Each event will raise awareness about indoor and outdoor pollutants that trigger asthma and ways to prevent asthma episodes. (prweb.com)
  • The care team can also talk about how to prevent asthma symptoms through lifestyle changes. (massgeneral.org)
  • Read on to learn more about this issue and what you can do to prevent asthma during intercourse. (bellaonline.com)
  • It is one of the most common long-term diseases of children, but adults can have asthma, too. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma, an airway disease that causes coughing and wheezing, affects both children and adults. (nyc.gov)
  • Children have 2 times the rate of emergency department visits and hospitalizations for asthma as adults. (nih.gov)
  • In 2010, 18.7 million adults and 7 million children in the United States had asthma. (ct.gov)
  • Children with asthma usually develop emphysema as adults. (nea.org)
  • Find out what you can do to help children and adults to better manage their asthma. (healthfinder.gov)
  • In nearly 90 percent of children and 50 percent of adults with asthma, the condition is classified as allergic asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, 7.6 percent of adults and 8.4 percent of children in the U.S. have asthma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Asthma affects around 18.4 million adults and 6.2 million children in the United States. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Moore is board certified in pediatrics, allergy, asthma and immunology for both adults and children. (prweb.com)
  • This program provides asthma and air quality education, case management services and resources for adults and seniors in Long Beach. (longbeach.gov)
  • The CAARE Program has adapted the American Lung Association's "Breathe Well, Live Well" curriculum, where adults with asthma learn real hands-on skills to effectively manage their asthma. (longbeach.gov)
  • During the second visit, the participant receives their copy of the BWLW an Asthma Management Program for Adults Participant Workbook, which will be used during the second and third visits. (longbeach.gov)
  • Phthalates in certain types of PVC are associated with asthma in both children and adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma that needs inhaler has reached the peak of asthma infection. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Some asthma needs the frequent use of Inhaler to prevent the going into full asthma attack. (selfgrowth.com)
  • As a very rough guide, if you need to use more than one Ventolin inhaler a month, your asthma is not as well controlled as it should be. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • I therefore think that you need to start taking a 'preventer' inhaler - usually taken morning and night - which contain low doses of steroids or steroid-like medication to prevent the inflammation and narrowing of the lungs associated with asthma. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Asthma medication through an inhaler sometimes have a metallic taste that can be unpleasant for children. (massgeneral.org)
  • Mamako Johnson, 9, uses her inhaler for her asthma. (usatoday.com)
  • The misconception of people with asthma is, I am an asthmatic , so part of my frequent symptoms are normal - the coughing , the wheezing , waking up in the middle of the night and using my inhaler more than twice a week. (medicinenet.com)
  • People who use the albuterol inhaler several times monthly are not well-controlled, and must figure out why, states Dr. Paul Greenberger of Northwestern University, president-elect of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. (redorbit.com)
  • Steer clear of gifts that will trigger allergy and asthma symptoms. (acaai.org)
  • Here are some tips to help you keep your cat while keeping your cat allergy and asthma under control! (bellaonline.com)
  • Brooks C, Pearce N, Douwes J. The hygiene hypothesis in allergy and asthma: an update. (medscape.com)
  • Family Allergy & Asthma is a group of experts that specialize in allergy and asthma who practice in more than 26 locations throughout Indiana and Kentucky. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 18. Allergy and asthma: control and treatment / J.O. Warner and J.A. Warner. (worldcat.org)
  • Charleston Allergy and Asthma , an allergy and immunology office with three Charleston-area locations, has hired two new doctors - Dr. Meredith L. Moore and Dr. Carolyn R. Word. (prweb.com)
  • Word recently relocated back to Charleston to join the Charleston Allergy and Asthma medical team. (prweb.com)
  • We are excited to have both Dr. Moore and Dr. Word join our team," says Dr. Bruce Ball of Charleston Allergy and Asthma. (prweb.com)
  • Charleston Allergy and Asthma has provided services to the Charleston area for more than 30 years. (prweb.com)
  • Children's Hospital of Wisconsin offers a truly unique approach to asthma, allergy and immunology diagnosis and care. (chw.org)
  • The study, " A Pediatric Asthma Risk Score to better predict asthma development in young children ," was published online in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology . (mdmag.com)
  • SOURCES: American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology: "Allergy & Asthma Advocate" and "No Butts About It: Smoking Makes Asthma Worse. (webmd.com)
  • Those diagnosed with asthma were also more likely to eventually develop celiac disease, the authors report in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. (reuters.com)
  • Moore received training in allergy, asthma and immunology at Wilford Hall Medical Center in San Antonio, Texas. (prweb.com)
  • There are two main types of FDA-approved medications used to treat asthma: quick-relief medications and medications intended for long-term control. (fda.gov)
  • Quick-relief medications work fast to treat sudden symptoms at the onset of an asthma attack or flare-up. (fda.gov)
  • Taking medications on time and in the correct doses will help manage his asthma symptoms in the short-term and long-term. (massgeneral.org)
  • Ask your child about any concerns or challenges he has when taking asthma medications. (massgeneral.org)
  • Why does my child need to take asthma medications? (massgeneral.org)
  • What are the different types of asthma medications? (massgeneral.org)
  • A nebulizer is a machine that helps deliver asthma medications into the lungs. (massgeneral.org)
  • Two years ago, the Missouri legislature became the first to allow schools to stock quick-relief asthma medications for emergencies. (usatoday.com)
  • The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Thoracic Society (ETS) require that the status of severe asthma be present in spite of being on high doses of controller medications. (healthcentral.com)
  • When severe asthma is diagnosed, it is considered a serious health situation and the treatment requires more than just maximizing (current) medications. (healthcentral.com)
  • If severe asthma persists, the next level of targeted medications are the biologicals which include Omazilumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E antibody and it's indicated in patients who have elevated levels of antibody IgE between 300 and 800 UI/ml. (healthcentral.com)
  • Asthma medications themselves do not seem to have direct effects on the mother or baby during pregnancy, experts said in the study, published in the journal BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (bbc.co.uk)
  • In this chapter, recent advances in pharmacologic treatment of severe asthma will be introduced including improved current medications, potent nonspecific anti-inflammatory agents, endotype-targeted treatments, specific treatment for comorbidities, and potential therapeutic candidates. (springer.com)
  • However, when the reviewers separately analysed five studies which clearly described that the asthma was being appropriately managed with medications, there was no longer an increased risk of prematurity in these studies. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Pregnant women with asthma should continue to take their asthma medications as prescribed. (www.nhs.uk)
  • They then conducted a subgroup analysis, where they looked at five studies which specifically described that women with asthma were being actively managed with appropriate medications. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Although she doesn't like carrying her asthma and food allergy medications with her, she always does anyway. (aafa.org)
  • At the initial visit, your asthma care provider will determine your level of severity and create a treatment plan. (lung.org)
  • In addition, improvements in monitoring techniques now permit objective measures of lung function that are easy for patients and physicians to use in assessing asthma severity and monitoring changes in the disease. (news-medical.net)
  • Asthma ranges in severity from the mild, intermittent form that barely interferes with kids' lives, to severe, persistent cases that require constant monitoring and can lead to frequent scary trips to the ER. (parenting.com)
  • Association between human rhinovirus C and severity of acute asthma in children. (medscape.com)
  • Asthma severity is the intrinsic intensity of the asthma disease process and is measured most easily and directly in a patient who is not receiving long-term control therapy. (nih.gov)
  • Information gathered in the assessment of asthma severity is used to characterize the patient's asthma in order to guide decisions for initiating therapy, after which the focus shifts to how well the patient is able to control his or her asthma by following the treatment plan. (nih.gov)
  • Both asthma severity and asthma control are determined by the same measures in two domains: 1) current impairment, and 2) future risk. (nih.gov)
  • Once treatment is started, the results of the measures of impairment and risk are used to monitor asthma control rather than severity. (nih.gov)
  • Recommendations regarding the diagnosis or assessment of asthma severity in older children have not changed from previous publications. (cmaj.ca)
  • Low air quality from environmental factors such as traffic pollution or high ozone levels has been associated with both asthma development and increased asthma severity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Collaboration on Severe Asthma (COSA) is a global platform for the exchange of scientific and clinical information on severe asthma to better understand the complexities of the disease and continually improve strategies for optimal care of the severe asthma patient. (worldallergy.org)
  • In these pages you can search a growing database of scientific article references that are related to severe asthma and link out to the abstracts and articles that are available online. (worldallergy.org)
  • Several educational resources on severe asthma are available with the World Allergy Organization online, and you can find a searchable list here . (worldallergy.org)
  • You can also view where the Collaboration on Severe Asthma will be presenting new information as well as past activities here . (worldallergy.org)
  • What Is Severe Asthma? (worldallergy.org)
  • They are used to prevent symptoms in people with moderate to severe asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A severe asthma attack requires a checkup by a doctor. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Mast cell phenotype, location, and activation in severe asthma: data from the severe asthma research program. (medscape.com)
  • Then in 1997, in a nationally televised game, you suffered a severe asthma attack. (medicinenet.com)
  • Since asthma is a dynamic condition with frequent changes in disease status, it's important to recognize when the disease should be identified and classified as severe asthma. (healthcentral.com)
  • First, patients need to establish with their physician a plan of preparedness for the possible emergency situation of severe asthma, when it's not safe to remain at home because a higher grade of treatment is necessary. (healthcentral.com)
  • The prognosis for recovery in severe asthma, if weaning off the ventilator, is excellent so this treatment (though serious) should not be avoided if it's necessary. (healthcentral.com)
  • Intravenous corticosteroids are often dispensed in high doses along with antibiotics if an infection is the trigger of severe asthma , and those two therapies combined will typically reverse the severe and sudden attack. (healthcentral.com)
  • In the case of severe asthma you start full throttle with the full regimen of therapies and then deescalate the regimen as the patient improves. (healthcentral.com)
  • Although multiple factors can cause poor responses and underlying pathogenic differences are being revealed explaining the various therapeutic responses including steroid insensitivity, effective therapeutic modalities for severe asthma still remained as a major unmet need. (springer.com)
  • Considering nowadays concept of severe asthma, heterogeneity, the improvement of the characterization of the patients is required to achieve appropriate therapeutic responses for severe asthma. (springer.com)
  • There is no cure for asthma, but the good news is it can be managed and treated so you can live a normal, healthy life. (lung.org)
  • There's no cure for asthma, but it can be managed to prevent flare-ups. (kidshealth.org)
  • Though it is a known fact that no scientific research has found a cure for asthma, but its symptoms can be controlled. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Is there a cure for asthma? (webmd.com)
  • There is currently no cure for asthma, but its associated symptoms can be controlled with medication. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • These companies are paying money to rake up the issue as they are worried about the fish medicine affecting their business interests since what we administer is a permanent cure for asthma," said Bathini Harinath Goud. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • There is no known cure for asthma, but it is easily treatable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Flare-ups are when asthma symptoms get worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • Your care team will help you figure out if weather makes your asthma worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • If family or friends smoke around you, tell them it makes your asthma worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • Coughing from asthma is usually worse early in the morning and at night. (familydoctor.org)
  • Some medicines might make your asthma worse. (healthfinder.gov)
  • An Asthma Action Plan is a set of steps that you or your child can take to help ease asthma symptoms during an asthma attack (asthma symptoms suddenly and quickly get worse). (massgeneral.org)
  • An asthma attack is when a person's asthma symptoms suddenly and quickly get worse. (massgeneral.org)
  • Find out how GERD can make asthma worse, and what you can do to avoid acid reflux. (bellaonline.com)
  • Fluctuating hormones not only cause the typical symptoms of menopause, but can make your asthma worse, or cause you to develop asthma for the first time in your life! (bellaonline.com)
  • It carries a worse prognosis than extrinsic asthma and tends to be less responsive to treatment. (hon.ch)
  • Some chemicals and pollutants in your environment can make your asthma worse. (mass.gov)
  • Depending on the person, asthma symptoms may become worse at night or with exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Find out how to use your asthma treatments here. (kidshealth.org)
  • What are common treatments for asthma? (massgeneral.org)
  • Do Alternative Asthma Treatments Help? (runnersworld.com)
  • Today, thanks to advances in understanding asthma and effective treatments, kids with well-managed asthma can expect to live as active a life as their non-asthmatic peers - and being active can help improve lung function. (parenting.com)
  • The government's watchdog on drugs is to investigate the most widely used treatments for asthma, a group of drugs called beta-2 agonists. (newscientist.com)
  • Ongoing barriers to developing improved asthma treatments include the challenges of modeling the complex genetic and extra-cellular interactions that cause the disease. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • To date, pharmacologic treatments for asthma are predominantly nonspecific anti-inflammatory agents such as corticosteroid and bronchodilators including β2 agonists, which are effective in the majority of patients with asthma. (springer.com)
  • So, thunderstorm asthma is an allergic reaction to grass pollen and you don't have to be asthmatic to get it - in fact, seasonal hay-fever sufferers like Peter are most at risk. (abc.net.au)
  • Get ready asthma sufferers: inhalers go "green" on Dec. 31. (redorbit.com)
  • There are now 5.1 million asthma sufferers in the UK, and millions more with other allergic diseases. (decanter.com)
  • The procedure is known as bronchial thermoplasty, and while the funding company (Asthmatx) has yet to elicit a thumbs-up from the FDA, it could certainly become a viable alternative for asthma sufferers. (engadget.com)
  • is the safest essential oil to use with Asthma sufferers. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Avoiding allergy exposure is of little or no benefit in treating childhood asthma. (nea.org)
  • "Reducing Childhood Asthma Through Community-Based Service Delivery New York City, 2001-2004" is available online from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . (edweek.org)
  • Ito S, Noguchi E, Shibasaki M, Yamakawa-Kobayashi K, Watanabe H, Arinami T. Evidence for an association between plasma platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase deficiency and increased risk of childhood atopic asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Feeding your baby on just breast milk for up to six months after birth can reduce their risk of developing asthma-related symptoms in early childhood. (redorbit.com)
  • Breathinstephen is a blogger who lives in the San Francisco Bay Area, CA. Steve has lived with a severe and uncontrollable type of asthma since early childhood. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Childhood asthma may very often be preceded for several months or even years by episodic coughing which later develops into wheezy bronchitis and then eventually into asthma. (healthy.net)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Childhood asthma is less common in neighborhoods with high economic potential and strong community vitality, new research shows. (reuters.com)
  • New research suggests, however, that those bacteria may not be all bad - they could help prevent the development of childhood asthma. (npr.org)
  • And many sources write ofthe links between childhood asthma and adult eczema and other dermatitis conditions. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Asthma often begins in childhood, and the rates have increased significantly since the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma is a disease that affects your lungs. (cdc.gov)
  • The doctor may also do a breathing test, called spirometry, to find out how well your lungs are working by testing how much air you can breathe out after taking a very deep breath before and after you use asthma medicine. (cdc.gov)
  • In asthma, air doesn't move through the lungs the way it should. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most asthma medicines are breathed directly into the lungs (inhaled), but some are pills or liquids. (kidshealth.org)
  • Wheezing from the lungs is a symptom of asthma. (medhelp.org)
  • The bulletin warns that many cases of deteriorating asthma were the result of doctors taking their patients off inhaled steroids, which damp down inflammation in the lungs. (newscientist.com)
  • In this cortisone, liquid prednisone for asthma we have taken a usage:some prednisone to evaluating the without patients of 6 features study of dose rack, bread, and a medication of both others on the dosage everyone in shock assessments. (espacerugby.com)
  • The group of asthma the corticosteroid provided an funny scratch with lady steroid of each resort, their evening, condition, same solution and should fold forum in medication. (espacerugby.com)
  • Presentation must be taken to asthma prevent worsening the colitis with the medication or pressure by ensuring that the prednisone is not closed. (espacerugby.com)
  • Reducing exposure to these allergens has been shown not only to reduce asthma symptoms and the need for medication, but also to improve lung function. (news-medical.net)
  • The asthma medication used in a nebulizer starts out as a liquid and turns into a flavorless mist that your child breathes in over a certain amount of time. (massgeneral.org)
  • We look at the importance of taking your medication with asthma. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Missouri also became the first state to permit school nurses and other trained staff to administer that medication to any child suffering an asthmatic attack while at school, whether or not the child has an asthma diagnosis or a prescription at the school. (usatoday.com)
  • even individuals with mild symptoms, who do not routinely take medication, die every day from asthma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Anyone with asthma is at risk, and individuals with mild or moderate asthma - including those with few symptoms, who do not routinely take medication - die at roughly the same rate as those who are under specialist care due to their symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • What are some medication free asthma prevention techniques? (answers.com)
  • Asthma can be treated by asthma puffers, ventolin or medication. (answers.com)
  • The concept of risk includes the likelihood of either asthma exacerbations, progressive decline in lung function (or, for children, reduced lung growth), or risk of adverse effects from medication. (nih.gov)
  • Monitoring the level of asthma control is used to adjust medication as needed. (nih.gov)
  • Currently, the only way to control an asthma attack is with medication, or "trigger avoidance. (technologyreview.com)
  • These include our Primary Immunodeficiency Program, Asthma Plus Program and clinical nutrition services. (chw.org)
  • Brittle asthma: a separate clinical phenotype of asthma? (wikipedia.org)
  • Gaps in the implementation of clinical practice guidelines for asthma contribute to the ongoing problem of asthma-related health disparities among at-risk groups. (nih.gov)
  • Disparities in the burden and care of asthma suggest that culturally competent clinical and educational approaches, such as those identified in the GIP Report , are needed to implement the EPR-3 asthma guidelines in high-risk groups and to improve access to quality asthma care. (nih.gov)
  • The heterogeneous nature of the clinical manifestations and therapeutic responses of asthma in both adult and pediatric patients indicate that it may be more of a syndrome rather than a specific disease entity. (nih.gov)
  • Nocturnal asthma is a significant clinical problem that should be addressed aggressively. (medscape.com)
  • along with clinical trials solely enrolling pure populations of either asthma or COPD patients, excluding those with overlapping features. (medscape.com)
  • Finally, currently it seems ACO does affect clinical outcomes as it is reported to be associated with more frequent exacerbations, poorer quality of life, more rapid decline in lung function, higher mortality, and greater healthcare utilization compared to asthma or COPD. (medscape.com)
  • In a Clinical Commission report published in The Lancet , an international panel of experts criticizes the way that doctors view and treat asthma, saying that little progress has been made in the past 20 years. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Besides the potential to conduct high-throughput pre-clinical screening of new drugs, this model allows the controlled study of pro-asthma stimuli including viral infection and pollen, smoke, and particulate exposure. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Predicting which wheezing preschool children are likely to have persisting asthma can be achieved using the "clinical index" developed by Castro-Rodriguez and coworkers 6 ( Table 2 ). (cmaj.ca)
  • Asthma is a disease that requires a diagnosis by a healthcare professional and ongoing assessments and monitoring throughout your lifetime. (lung.org)
  • Diagnosis of occupational asthma uses several techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Closing this disparity gap is a major emphasis of the Guidelines Implementation Panel (GIP) Report , which offers recommendations and strategies for addressing asthma disparities across six priority messages derived from the Expert Panel Report 3-Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma (EPR-3). (nih.gov)
  • Expert Panel Report 3 (EPR-3): Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma-Summary Report 2007. (medscape.com)
  • Diagnosis and management of work-related asthma: American College Of Chest Physicians Consensus Statement. (medscape.com)
  • [ 3 , 4 ] The inclusion of such patients is critical in understanding ACO, as it is uncertain whether ACO represents a distinctly different disorder from asthma and COPD, whether a diagnosis of ACO alters treatment options, and whether disease-related outcomes for ACO differ from asthma-only or COPD-only. (medscape.com)
  • However, the diagnosis of asthma in the preschool child was a major focus of the current discussions. (cmaj.ca)
  • 2. In children who are unresponsive to asthma therapy, physicians must exclude other pathology that might suggest an alternative diagnosis (level IV). (cmaj.ca)
  • Studies of asthma diagnosis in preschool children were retrieved from a MEDLINE search. (cmaj.ca)
  • 7 However, objective measures are not routinely available in preschool children, contributing to the difficulty of making a diagnosis of asthma. (cmaj.ca)
  • Youngsters participating in the Harlem Children's Zone Asthma Initiative were less likely to miss school because of asthma-related illnesses than they were before the initiative began, according to a report released by the Atlanta-based federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (edweek.org)
  • It can be hard to tell if someone has asthma, especially in children under age 5. (cdc.gov)
  • Both PARS and API predicted asthma in high-risk children, but PARS was able to predict mild to moderate levels of the disease. (mdmag.com)
  • More than 24 million people in the United States have asthma, and nearly 6 million of them are children. (fda.gov)
  • African American and Hispanic/Latino children are also more likely to die from asthma-related complications. (fda.gov)
  • One of our priorities is caring for children and adolescents with asthma, keeping them in school and out of the emergency room. (nyc.gov)
  • You can find specialized asthma care for children at our Child Health Centers . (nyc.gov)
  • In Connecticut, the populations disproportionately affected by asthma are: children, females, Hispanics, non-Hispanic Blacks, and residents of CT's five largest cities. (ct.gov)
  • An estimated 30,000 children in grades 6 through 12, or 10.4% of middle and high school students, in Connecticut reported having an episode of asthma or an asthma attack in the past 12 months. (ct.gov)
  • Every day, thousands of children experience asthma problems in the classroom, playground, school bus, and at athletic events. (nea.org)
  • Use the checklist to find out how well your child-care setting assists children with asthma. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Some children outgrow their asthma. (massgeneral.org)
  • Just 8 percent of the 314 children in the initiative were absent because of asthma during a two-week period, compared with 23 percent 18 months earlier, before they began taking part in the program. (edweek.org)
  • The Harlem asthma initiative is a community-based public-health program aimed at reducing asthma-related deaths for children under age 13 who live in a 60-block radius of Central Harlem. (edweek.org)
  • Families of children enrolled in the program receive medical, educational, environmental, social, and legal services to combat asthma. (edweek.org)
  • Children with asthma have long been recognized as particularly sensitive to outdoor air pollution. (news-medical.net)
  • The information provided here is not only applicable to children but to most people with asthma. (healthy.net)
  • Infants and children with asthma should receive medical attention. (healthy.net)
  • These children usually have prickling sensations all over, even on the fingers and toes, that precedes the asthma. (healthy.net)
  • Nux vomica: This remedy is good for treating asthma when children have fullness in the stomach, especially in the morning or after eating. (healthy.net)
  • Sambucus: These children get their asthma attack during sleep, commonly awakening them at 3 a.m. (healthy.net)
  • Spongia: This remedy is known to be helpful for children with asthma who have a dry, barking, croupy cough. (healthy.net)
  • Around 7 million children have been diagnosed, and about 10 to 15 percent of grade school children have or have had asthma. (parenting.com)
  • People with asthma don't communicate their problems to their doctors and children with asthma don't communicate their problems to their parents. (medicinenet.com)
  • When the children were between the ages of one and four, the team looked to see if they had any asthma-related symptoms. (redorbit.com)
  • Researchers also found evidence that the first asthma-related symptoms occur earlier in life if children were breastfed for shorter lengths of time or not exclusively. (redorbit.com)
  • According the Georgia Department of Human Services, an estimated eleven percent of the state's children have asthma, and that number is rising. (prweb.com)
  • The researchers analyzed asthma screening surveys of 45,177 children attending Chicago public schools conducted between 2003 and 2005, and then mapped all of the children into 287 different neighborhoods. (reuters.com)
  • We conclude that there is no evidence for an increase in asthma mortality in children over this period,' they say. (newscientist.com)
  • Through a long-term translational study involving the collection of bronchial and nasal epithelial cells from carefully characterized children with and without asthma, Dr. Debley is investigating the role airway epithelium plays in tissue remodeling and augmentation of airway inflammation in asthma through the use of an in vitro air-liquid interface model system. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Asthma, atopic eczema and allergic rhino-conjunctivitis in school children. (springer.com)
  • BEH conducts annual asthma surveillance of children ages 5-14 by gender, grade, school, and community in Massachusetts. (mass.gov)
  • Writing in the Journal of Infectious Diseases , the scientists report that children between the ages of 3 and 13 are nearly 59 percent less likely to have asthma if they have the bacterium in their gut. (npr.org)
  • Best results with asthma patients, little children and allergic people. (selfgrowth.com)
  • For practical purposes, asthma in preschool children can be divided into non-atopic, which is likely to be outgrown, and atopic asthma, which is likely to persist. (cmaj.ca)
  • Children who wheezed before age 3 years but not by age 6 had diminished airway function and were more likely to have mothers who smoked, but were less likely to have mothers with asthma, elevated serum IgE levels or skin-test reactivity. (cmaj.ca)
  • Children who started wheezing in early life and continued to wheeze at the age of 6 years were more likely than children who never wheezed to have mothers with a history of asthma, to have elevated serum IgE levels and normal lung function in the first year of life, and to have elevated serum IgE levels at age 6 years. (cmaj.ca)
  • Doctors aren't sure why some children develop asthma and others don't, or why the disease increased so alarmingly during the last decades of the 20th century. (parenting.com)
  • Poor air quality and more exposure to indoor irritants may be the reason cities seem to have more children with asthma, but researchers aren't sure - it could be the concentration of high-risk populations as well. (parenting.com)
  • In fact, there is a theory, called the "hygiene hypothesis," which suggests that overprotecting children from germs and other environmental factors can lead to increased rates of asthma. (parenting.com)
  • Asthma camp is a summer camp that is specialized for children with severe versions of asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma camps aim to provide a positive experience for children with asthma through activities like hiking, swimming, canoeing, rope games, arts and crafts, campfires and more all with special considerations and attention to asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children that attend asthma camps tend to have improved asthma self-management skills and an increase in overall quality of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over half of cases in children in the United States occur in areas with air quality below EPA standards, therefore the best locations for these camps are in the top cities for raising a child with asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Approximately 120 asthma camps presently serve nearly 10,000 children in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Find out what causes asthma, and how to take control of your symptoms. (medhelp.org)
  • The researchers believe that further studies are needed to explore the protective effect of breastfeeding on the various types of asthma in later life. (redorbit.com)
  • Therapeutic intervention has focused on the appreciation that airway obstruction in asthma consists of bronchial smooth muscle spasm and variable degrees of airway inflammation characterized by edema, mucous secretion, and the influx of a variety of inflammatory cells. (nih.gov)
  • Asthma is now known to be a disease of airway inflammation resulting from a complex interplay between environmental exposures and genetic and other factors. (news-medical.net)
  • Mechanism of airway inflammation in asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Inflammation and asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Asthma is defined as a disorder of airway inflammation producing paroxysmal or persistent symptoms associated with variable airflow limitation and airway hyperresponsiveness. (cmaj.ca)
  • If we can predict who will develop asthma, we might be able to prevent the disease or intervene early and help alleviate worsening of the disease and reduce exacerbations," said study co-author Gurjit Khurana-Hershey, MD, PhD, professor of pediatrics and Director of the Division of Asthma Research at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. (mdmag.com)
  • No one knows exactly why some people develop asthma. (kidshealth.org)
  • Our healthcare teams develop asthma action plans, using electronic medical records to create what we call 'contracts' for our patients. (nyc.gov)
  • Specifically, a group of European researchers found that people with celiac disease were 60 percent more likely to develop asthma, relative to those without celiac. (reuters.com)
  • Remember, that it is unusual for an adult to suddenly develop asthma which is as severe as you describe. (news24.com)
  • If one parent has asthma, the chances are 1 in 3 that a child with develop asthma. (parenting.com)
  • Atopy," the genetic tendency to develop an allergic disease, can play a big part in developing allergic asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • However, not all asthma is allergic asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • Allergic asthma is the most common form of the disorder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The cause of allergic asthma is complex. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Doctors believe genes are involved because having a family member with allergic asthma or another allergic disorder increases a person's risk of developing asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Studies suggest that more than 100 genes may be associated with allergic asthma, but each seems to be a factor in only one or a few populations. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is evidence that an unbalanced immune response underlies allergic asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • While there is normally a balance between type 1 (or Th1) and type 2 (or Th2) immune reactions in the body, many individuals with allergic asthma predominantly have type 2 reactions. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Allergic asthma can be passed through generations in families, but the inheritance pattern is unknown. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with mutations in one or more of the associated genes inherit an increased risk of allergic asthma, not the condition itself. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Because allergic asthma is a complex condition influenced by genetic and environmental factors, not all people with a mutation in an asthma-associated gene will develop the disorder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This test is often used for measuring the intensity of a person's asthma and to confirm that the person needs to be treated for asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some kids with asthma can have pets - it depends on the pet and the person's asthma. (kidshealth.org)
  • The latest legislation would define eligible patients as those identified as frequent users of emergency rooms for asthma, frequently hospitalized as a result of asthma or frequently prescribed oral steroids for asthmatic emergencies. (usatoday.com)
  • Until we get people who have asthma to understand that normal breathing is possible, then there's going to always be the lack of communication because the assumption is that this is normal because "I'm an asthmatic. (medicinenet.com)
  • Hi Dr, My mother is asthmatic and has been suffering with this illness associated with heart/asthma from August 05. (news24.com)
  • Individuals within disadvantaged populations also may face substandard housing and work conditions that place them at greater risk for frequent and prolonged exposure to environmental allergens and irritants that worsen asthma. (nih.gov)
  • Most people with asthma experience a tight feeling in the chest, shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing at some point in their life. (lung.org)
  • Plus see how you can be an advocate for policies that will help people with asthma breathe easier in the future. (lung.org)
  • Join our thriving asthma community of primary carers and specialists working together to improve the lives of people with asthma. (nationalasthma.org.au)
  • Follow @CDCasthma on Twitter to learn more about helping people with asthma live healthier lives by gaining control over their asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • People with asthma may have a parent or other close relative with asthma. (kidshealth.org)
  • Exercise can help people stay healthier overall (in fact, many pro athletes have asthma! (kidshealth.org)
  • The main goal for people living with asthma is control. (fda.gov)
  • African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos, especially Puerto Ricans, are at higher risk of asthma than people of other races or ethnicities. (fda.gov)
  • Your opinion about this publication will help us to better understand the information needs of people interested in reducing the burden of asthma in Connecticut. (ct.gov)
  • For some people, strong emotions or stress can trigger an asthma attack. (familydoctor.org)
  • People who learn how to control their asthma are less likely to have exacerbations. (bmj.com)
  • There are still about 1500 deaths a year from asthma in the UK, many of which may be preventable, and asthma affects about eight million people in the UK at some stage in their lives. (bmj.com)
  • Asthma is increasing every year in the U.S., and now afflicts about one in twelve people. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Exercising With Asthma Discover which forms of exercise are best for people with asthma and how to control asthma while exercising. (webmd.com)
  • People that have experienced a life threatening asthma attack might end up being asthma free and might only experience its attack once in blue moon. (selfgrowth.com)
  • It causes intense coughing (People who do not know that they are asthma patient might think the intense coughing is a result of tuberculosis that's why it's always important to visit the doctor before coming to conclusion on any type of ailment. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Approximately 235 million people worldwide have asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Reptiles can be a good choice for some people, but did you know reptiles can also cause allergic reactions and asthma? (bellaonline.com)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - People with the digestive disorder known as celiac disease are more likely to develop another disorder involving the immune system: asthma, according to a new study. (reuters.com)
  • Indeed, for every 100,000 people with celiac disease, 147 will have asthma that would not have occurred in the absence of the digestive disorder. (reuters.com)
  • To investigate whether celiac had any association with asthma, Dr. Jonas Ludvigsson of Orebro University Hospital and the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and colleagues compared more than 28,000 Swedes diagnosed with celiac to more than 140,000 similar people without the disease. (reuters.com)
  • Do many people with asthma think they have better control of their asthma than they really do? (medicinenet.com)
  • In a recent survey we found that many people with asthma felt they had satisfactory control when they actually don't. (medicinenet.com)
  • Most people with asthma should be able to do virtually anything they want to do. (medicinenet.com)
  • Asthma kills 10 people in the United States every day, and many of these deaths are avoidable. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Between 1980 and 2014, 157,066 people in the U.S. died as a result of asthma, according to a report published on September 26, 2017, in the journal JAMA . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Although the overall asthma death rate declined during this time period - from 2.2 to 1.2 deaths per 100,000 people - there was significant regional variation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The AAFA exist to help improve the lives of people with asthma and allergic disease through research, advocacy, and education. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Does coffee get people with asthma hiper? (answers.com)
  • chihuahua help people with asthma? (answers.com)
  • The symptoms of people with asthma differ greatly in frequency and degree. (healthy.net)
  • Asthma Community Network (ACN) Exit - Join ACN to share, learn and connect with other asthma champions to improve health outcomes for people with asthma in your community. (epa.gov)
  • Thousands of people exposed to choking dust after the destruction of the World Trade Centre twin towers in New York have developed asthma, a study has shown. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • People who did not evacuate affected buildings had higher rates of asthma than those who did. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Researchers at Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) in Atlanta have developed a portable sensor system to monitor the air quality for people suffering from asthma. (technologyreview.com)
  • Badges indicating that their holders have asthma or hay fever are proving popular in Japan amid the COVID-19 outbreak as more people face uncomfortable stares when coughing on trains or in other public places. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • The reason that I chose asthma was because of the fact that so many people, including one of my best friends, has it. (prezi.com)
  • I was just interested in knowing the mechanics of asthma and what people with asthma go through because one of my closest friends has it and i always wondered about what she went through. (prezi.com)
  • In 2015, 358 million people globally had asthma, up from 183 million in 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of other health conditions occur more frequently in people with asthma, including gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD), rhinosinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cavities occur more often in people with asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2017 systematic meta-review has revealed that supported self-management can reduce hospitalisations, accident and emergency attendances and unscheduled consultations, and improve markers of control and quality of life for people with asthma across a range of cultural, demographic and healthcare settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma causes wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing at night or early in the morning. (cdc.gov)
  • If you experience wheezing, coughing, chest tightness or shortness of breath at work, you may have occupational asthma. (acaai.org)
  • The cardinal symptoms of an asthma attack are shortness of breath (dyspnea), wheezing, and chest tightness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of an asthma attack include coughing, periods of wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. (fda.gov)
  • Are you just out of shape, or could that wheezing be asthma? (runnersworld.com)
  • Wheezing or other asthma-related sounds may be heard. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Cardiac asthma is characterized by wheezing secondary to bronchospasm in congestive heart failure, and it is related to paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and nocturnal coughing. (medscape.com)
  • However, in a substantial minority of infants, wheezing was related to a predisposition to asthma. (cmaj.ca)
  • Asthma is characterized by recurrent episodes of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asthma is sometimes part of a series of allergic disorders, referred to as the atopic march. (medlineplus.gov)
  • However, not all individuals with asthma have progressed through the atopic march, and not all individuals with one allergic disease will develop others. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Effects of Interleukin-13 Blockade on Allergen-induced Airway Responses in Mild Atopic Asthma. (medscape.com)
  • The link of duration and exclusiveness of breastfeeding with asthma-related symptoms during the first four years was independent of infectious and atopic diseases. (redorbit.com)
  • Because atopic asthma is more likely to persist, physicians must obtain an appropriate history of personal allergic symptoms in the preschool child and any history of allergy in the immediate family. (cmaj.ca)
  • In an effort to improve asthma prevention and care, investigators have developed a new quantitative tool, the Pediatric Asthma Risk Score (PARS), to help predict pediatric asthma better than current standard test Asthma Predictive Index (API). (mdmag.com)
  • Can Shortness of Breath and Chest Tightness Be an Asthma Symptom? (runnersworld.com)
  • Global strategy for asthma management and prevention (updated 2017). (springer.com)
  • Brittle asthma is one of the "unstable" subtypes of "difficult asthma", a term used to characterize the less than 5% of asthma cases that do not respond to maximal inhaled treatment, including high doses of corticosteroids combined with additional therapies such as long-acting beta-2 agonists. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to any issues of treatment compliance, and maximised corticosteroids (inhaled or oral) and beta agonist, brittle asthma treatment also involves for type 1 additional subcutaneous injections of beta2 agonist and inhalation of long acting beta-adrenoceptor agonist, whilst type 2 needs allergen avoidance and self-management approaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • New asthma drugs: small molecule inhaled corticosteroids. (springer.com)
  • Long-acting beta agonists (LABA) or antileukotriene agents may be used in addition to inhaled corticosteroids if asthma symptoms remain uncontrolled. (wikipedia.org)
  • For quality, comprehensive asthma treatment and management, visit an HHC patient-centered medical home. (nyc.gov)
  • All HHC facilities offer treatment for asthma. (nyc.gov)
  • Regardless of age, race, ethnicity, gender, class, income, or personal history, advances in asthma treatment mean that asthma control is achievable for nearly all persons with asthma, but only if clinicians and patients join together to follow the asthma guidelines. (nih.gov)
  • It sounds as if your asthma is not controlled at all and needs a radical overhaul as far as treatment is concerned. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Fortunately, it need not take much to accomplish this, but you will certainly need to see your GP or asthma nurse at their practice as soon as possible since the sooner new treatment is started the quicker you will begin to feel better. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • This has implications for the medical treatment and for the environmental management of asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • The treatment goal for almost all individuals with asthma should be for that person to lead a life unrestricted because of asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • But the state has also pioneered advances in addressing asthma treatment and costs. (usatoday.com)
  • [ 4 ] Moreover, it is also argued that the presence of ACO does affect treatment choices, as is exemplified by the current treatment recommendations set forth by COPD guidelines for patients with COPD symptoms only (treat with LABA only) versus COPD with an asthma component (add ICS). (medscape.com)
  • National asthma guidelines insist that this kind of self-treatment is really dangerous and not as helpful as albuterol. (redorbit.com)
  • Asthma often changes over time, so it is important to work with your healthcare provider to work out the best treatment for you, and to adjust as needed. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Typically when treating asthma, you monitor symptoms and add in treatment drugs as needed. (healthcentral.com)
  • Treatment practices for asthma have remained largely unchanged over the past two decades, relying on combinations of bronchodilators and steroids to manage the disease. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Developing improved human model systems to study the role of the airway epithelium in asthma is a key step towards creating novel treatment options that can prevent airway remodeling and declines in lung function as well as provide curative outcomes. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Patients are loving the study because they're feeling better,' said Dr Jenkins, head of the Targeting Treatment project at the Co-operative Research Centre for Asthma. (theage.com.au)
  • A team of researchers from the University of Tsukuba in Ibaraki Prefecture has found a mechanism in which bad bacteria within mice intestines exacerbates asthma, fueling hope it can lead to a treatment for asthma in humans. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Occupational asthma occurs when someone who never had asthma develops it because he or she is exposed to something at work. (cdc.gov)
  • Occupational asthma is an occupational lung disease and a type of asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, although overlapping in many cases, hypersensitivity pneumonitis may be distinguished from occupational asthma in that it isn't restricted to only occupational exposure, and involves type III hypersensitivity and type IV hypersensitivity rather than the type I hypersensitivity of asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, the most common cause of occupational asthma in the workplace are isocyanates. (wikipedia.org)
  • A non-specific bronchial hyperreactivity test can be used to help diagnose occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Measuring PEFR at work is a highly reliable test for occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • A spirometer is a device used to measure timed expired and inspired volumes, and can be used to help diagnose occupational asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is Occupational Asthma? (bellaonline.com)
  • You might have occupational asthma--here's information to help you out. (bellaonline.com)
  • The program funds states, school programs, and non-government organizations to help them improve surveillance of asthma, train health professionals, educate individuals with asthma and their families, and explain asthma to the public. (cdc.gov)
  • For example, if pet dander or mold in your home trigger your child's asthma symptoms, you can make your home asthma-safe by changing the linens often, vacuuming regularly, and keeping the family pet out of your child's bedroom. (kidshealth.org)
  • It can also help keep your child's asthma symptoms from happening less often. (massgeneral.org)
  • Self-managing asthma day to day is important to breathe well, stay active, and keep asthma symptoms at bay. (webmd.com)
  • Asthma can be frustrating to a kid who struggles to keep up with friends, and terrifying to parents watching their child fight to breathe. (parenting.com)
  • The participant is then asked to complete the American Lung Association's Breathe Well, Live Well (BWLW) Asthma Questionnaire and the Mini Asthma Quality of Life Survey. (longbeach.gov)
  • But when asthma makes it hard for me to breathe," she explains, "I feel like - whoa! (aafa.org)
  • Asthma medicines come in two types-quick-relief and long-term control. (cdc.gov)
  • Quick-relief medicines control the symptoms of an asthma attack. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma medicines can have side effects, but most side effects are mild and soon go away. (cdc.gov)
  • Flare-ups can happen suddenly or build up over time, especially if kids don't take their asthma medicines as directed. (kidshealth.org)
  • Long-term control medicines manage asthma by preventing symptoms from happening. (kidshealth.org)
  • How Do Asthma Medicines Work? (kidshealth.org)
  • The CHW also reviews the Asthma Medicines Chart and gives instruction on using peak flow meters and spacers. (longbeach.gov)
  • Study leader Christine Jenkins said that in early results, patients in Australia's first mainstream investigation of controlled breathing in asthma were reducing their reliance on medicines such as Ventolin. (theage.com.au)
  • Examples of such approaches include the Physician Asthma Care Education (PACE) Program and multipronged strategies for addressing exposure to environmental factors that worsen asthma at home, school, or work. (nih.gov)
  • Environmental tobacco smoke is an important irritant that can trigger an asthma episode and possibly worsen the effects of allergens. (news-medical.net)
  • Air pollution also might act synergistically with other environmental factors to worsen asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • Living with Asthma: Stress, Anxiety & Depression Living with asthma isn't easy, but there are ways to decrease your stress and find support. (webmd.com)
  • In response to these alarming statistics, and in an effort to raise public awareness of the risks faced every day by approximately 23 million Americans living with asthma, including more than 150,000 Georgia residents, National Allergy Supply is joining the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to participate in Asthma Awareness Month and World Asthma Day. (prweb.com)
  • She was just found to have a asthma for prednisone liquid finally inflammatory needle arginine and i' precursor. (espacerugby.com)
  • Although much research has been done since, the inflammatory component of asthma was recognized only in the 1960s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alarmins such as TSLP and IL-33 are more readily released by the epithelium in patients with asthma, leading to increased and prolonged inflammatory responses. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) has some excellent information on pet allergens and what you can do to cut down on them. (bellaonline.com)
  • Missouri is doing the most innovative policy interventions on asthma at this time," said Charlotte Collins, senior vice president for policy and programs at the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA). (usatoday.com)
  • The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) are a not-for-profit organization founded in 1953. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America provides that backing. (aafa.org)
  • Economic, social, and cultural factors-ranging from lack of access to quality health care to differences in health beliefs between patients and their doctors-add to the greater asthma burden among these groups. (nih.gov)
  • Peter and the other patients were caught in an epidemic of thunderstorm asthma - a rare phenomenon that's caused by a perfect storm of weather conditions and airborne allergens. (abc.net.au)
  • Teaching patients and their families specific management skills improves asthma management, reduces the use of emergency services, and improves quality of life. (news-medical.net)
  • Asthma patients seem to have more cavities and other dental problems. (bellaonline.com)
  • Generally dietary compliance is high in Sweden, so I actually believe that also patients with good adherence are at increased risk of asthma," he said. (reuters.com)
  • The Food and Drug Administration has been warning patients that the change was coming, and lung specialists spent last year giving most of the nation's 20 million asthma patients additional warnings. (redorbit.com)
  • Find out why experts think that it's time to redefine the term asthma, and why patients and doctors need to take an active part to make this a reality. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Thousands of asthma patients were queuing in soaring summer temperatures on Wednesday to eat live fish smeared in a masala spice mix to cure their condition. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Additionally, TGF-β2 and VEGF tend to be upregulated by the epithelium of asthma patients, promoting airway remodeling that results in lung function declines. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • While specific phenotypic profiles are varied between patients and cannot be linked to any single genetic pathway, Dr. Debley's advanced cellular model of the airway epithelium can shed light on some of the complex cellular mechanisms that drive asthma pathophysiology, as well as identify new therapeutic targets. (seattlechildrens.org)
  • Prolonged protection of the new inhaled corticosteroid fluticasone furoate against AMP hyperresponsiveness in patients with asthma. (springer.com)
  • Recently, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. REGN and partner Sanofi SNY announced that Dupixent (dupilumab) met its two primary endpoints in a phase III study conducted on patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma. (yahoo.com)
  • It is believed that the recent increased rates of asthma are due to changing epigenetics (heritable factors other than those related to the DNA sequence) and a changing living environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • You can control your asthma by knowing the warning signs of an asthma attack, staying away from things that cause an attack, and following your doctor's advice. (cdc.gov)
  • Take your medicine exactly as your doctor tells you and stay away from things that can trigger an attack to control your asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • Remember - you can control your asthma . (cdc.gov)
  • Your doctor will work with you to create an action plan to control your asthma. (familydoctor.org)
  • Talk to your doctor or a professional counselor about ways to reduce your anxiety to better control your asthma. (webmd.com)
  • Learn how to effectively alleviate fragrance and odor sensitivities to control your asthma. (bellaonline.com)
  • Scientists and researchers think that genetic and environmental causes lead to asthma. (familydoctor.org)
  • Medical researchers found that the body cannot distinquish between caffeine and Theophylline, a drug commonly prescribed for persons with asthma. (answers.com)
  • It's nice to be able to look at some positive characteristics of neighborhoods that may protect against asthma," Dr. Ruchi S. Gupta, of Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago, one of the researchers on the study, told Reuters Health. (reuters.com)
  • The researchers looked at asthma studies involving more than a million pregnant women published between 1975 and 2009. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Researchers extracted data on various perinatal outcomes, and compared the risk of seeing these outcomes in women with and without asthma. (www.nhs.uk)
  • First, researchers assessed the risk of developing each outcome in women with asthma compared to women without asthma. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Get the basics on how asthma affects your body and the impact of this condition. (lung.org)
  • Learn how stress affects asthma and what you can do to manage stress and asthma! (bellaonline.com)
  • In light of World Asthma Day, News-Medical interviewed Dr. Samantha Walker from Asthma UK and the British Lung Foundation about fighting asthma in 2021. (news-medical.net)
  • Can you get asthma as an adult? (acaai.org)
  • What causes adult onset asthma? (acaai.org)
  • Prospective study of body mass index, weight change, and risk of adult-onset asthma in women. (medscape.com)
  • Such causes 10-20% of adult asthma. (healthy.net)
  • Such causes 30-50% of adult asthma. (healthy.net)
  • Adult-onset asthma is more common in women than men. (healthy.net)
  • An adult asthma education and outreach program for tenants to participate in a one-on-one, in-home asthma care program. (longbeach.gov)
  • Are you or do you know and adult with asthma that would like to participate in the CAARE tenant outreach education program? (longbeach.gov)
  • In a disease like asthma that varies considerably over time and where changes in lung function can occur before symptoms develop, these objective measures are essential tools for making management decisions. (news-medical.net)
  • extrinsic asthma - caused by allergic responses to house dust, animal fur, or various foods. (healthy.net)