A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Measurement of the maximum rate of airflow attained during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are PEFR and PFR.
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Tendency of the smooth muscle of the tracheobronchial tree to contract more intensely in response to a given stimulus than it does in the response seen in normal individuals. This condition is present in virtually all symptomatic patients with asthma. The most prominent manifestation of this smooth muscle contraction is a decrease in airway caliber that can be readily measured in the pulmonary function laboratory.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA, the mucous membrane lining the NASAL CAVITIES.
A short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonist that is primarily used as a bronchodilator agent to treat ASTHMA. Albuterol is prepared as a racemic mixture of R(-) and S(+) stereoisomers. The stereospecific preparation of R(-) isomer of albuterol is referred to as levalbuterol.
A quaternary ammonium parasympathomimetic agent with the muscarinic actions of ACETYLCHOLINE. It is hydrolyzed by ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE at a considerably slower rate than ACETYLCHOLINE and is more resistant to hydrolysis by nonspecific CHOLINESTERASES so that its actions are more prolonged. It is used as a parasympathomimetic bronchoconstrictor agent and as a diagnostic aid for bronchial asthma. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1116)
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose similar to that found in hay fever except that symptoms persist throughout the year. The causes are usually air-borne allergens, particularly dusts, feathers, molds, animal fur, etc.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
A glucocorticoid used in the management of ASTHMA, the treatment of various skin disorders, and allergic RHINITIS.
Granular leukocytes with a nucleus that usually has two lobes connected by a slender thread of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing coarse, round granules that are uniform in size and stainable by eosin.
An anti-inflammatory, synthetic glucocorticoid. It is used topically as an anti-inflammatory agent and in aerosol form for the treatment of ASTHMA.
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
A class of drugs designed to prevent leukotriene synthesis or activity by blocking binding at the receptor level.
Devices that cause a liquid or solid to be converted into an aerosol (spray) or a vapor. It is used in drug administration by inhalation, humidification of ambient air, and in certain analytical instruments.
Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A sudden intense and continuous aggravation of a state of asthma, marked by dyspnea to the point of exhaustion and collapse and not responding to the usual therapeutic efforts.
Agents causing the narrowing of the lumen of a bronchus or bronchiole.
The structural changes in the number, mass, size and/or composition of the airway tissues.
Narrowing of the caliber of the BRONCHI, physiologically or as a result of pharmacological intervention.
Inflammation of the large airways in the lung including any part of the BRONCHI, from the PRIMARY BRONCHI to the TERTIARY BRONCHI.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Drugs that selectively bind to and activate beta-adrenergic receptors.
A form of hypersensitivity affecting the respiratory tract. It includes ASTHMA and RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
An albumin obtained from the white of eggs. It is a member of the serpin superfamily.
Family of house dust mites, in the superfamily Analgoidea, order Astigmata. They include the genera Dermatophagoides and Euroglyphus.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.
Asthmatic adverse reaction (e.g., BRONCHOCONSTRICTION) to conventional NSAIDS including aspirin use.
Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS that affect carbohydrate metabolism (GLUCONEOGENESIS, liver glycogen deposition, elevation of BLOOD SUGAR), inhibit ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE secretion, and possess pronounced anti-inflammatory activity. They also play a role in fat and protein metabolism, maintenance of arterial blood pressure, alteration of the connective tissue response to injury, reduction in the number of circulating lymphocytes, and functioning of the central nervous system.
The act of BREATHING out.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
A sudden, audible expulsion of air from the lungs through a partially closed glottis, preceded by inhalation. It is a protective response that serves to clear the trachea, bronchi, and/or lungs of irritants and secretions, or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs.
The contamination of indoor air.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Abnormal increase of EOSINOPHILS in the blood, tissues or organs.
Any arthropod of the subclass ACARI except the TICKS. They are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin (MITE INFESTATIONS). Many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector. Mites also infest plants.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Any tests done on exhaled air.
A pyranoquinolone derivative that inhibits activation of inflammatory cells which are associated with ASTHMA, including eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, mast cells, monocytes, and platelets.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Derivatives of the steroid androstane having two double bonds at any site in any of the rings.
A small aerosol canister used to release a calibrated amount of medication for inhalation.
A cytokine synthesized by T-LYMPHOCYTES that produces proliferation, immunoglobulin isotype switching, and immunoglobulin production by immature B-LYMPHOCYTES. It appears to play a role in regulating inflammatory and immune responses.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
A chromone complex that acts by inhibiting the release of chemical mediators from sensitized mast cells. It is used in the prophylactic treatment of both allergic and exercise-induced asthma, but does not affect an established asthmatic attack.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the ETHANOLAMINE; (-NH2CH2CHOH) group and its derivatives.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Virus diseases caused by the PICORNAVIRIDAE.
Insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, BLATTELLIDAE, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach PERIPLANETA americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Skin irritant and allergen used in the manufacture of polyurethane foams and other elastomers.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Colloids with a gaseous dispersing phase and either liquid (fog) or solid (smoke) dispersed phase; used in fumigation or in inhalation therapy; may contain propellant agents.
Compounds bind to and activate ADRENERGIC BETA-2 RECEPTORS.
Unsaturated pregnane derivatives containing two keto groups on side chains or ring structures.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
One of several basic proteins released from EOSINOPHIL cytoplasmic granules. Eosinophil cationic protein is a 21-kDa cytotoxic peptide with a pI of 10.9. Although eosinophil cationic protein is considered a member of the RNAse A superfamily of proteins, it has only limited RNAse activity.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
A cytokine that promotes differentiation and activation of EOSINOPHILS. It also triggers activated B-LYMPHOCYTES to differentiate into IMMUNOGLOBULIN-secreting cells.
A condition characterized by infiltration of the lung with EOSINOPHILS due to inflammation or other disease processes. Major eosinophilic lung diseases are the eosinophilic pneumonias caused by infections, allergens, or toxic agents.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A genus of PICORNAVIRIDAE inhabiting primarily the respiratory tract of mammalian hosts. It includes over 100 human serotypes associated with the COMMON COLD.
The viscous secretion of mucous membranes. It contains mucin, white blood cells, water, inorganic salts, and exfoliated cells.
Living facilities for humans.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).
An adrenergic beta-2 agonist that is used as a bronchodilator and tocolytic.
Spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi.
Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Antigens from the house dust mites (DERMATOPHAGOIDES), mainly D. farinae and D. pteronyssinus. They are proteins, found in mite feces or mite extracts, that can cause ASTHMA and other allergic diseases such as perennial rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL) and atopic dermatitis (DERMATITIS, ATOPIC). More than 11 groups of Dermatophagoides ALLERGENS have been defined. Group I allergens, such as Der f I and Der p I from the above two species, are among the strongest mite immunogens in humans.
A selective beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and tocolytic.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA in one or more of the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
The status of health in urban populations.
A muscarinic antagonist structurally related to ATROPINE but often considered safer and more effective for inhalation use. It is used for various bronchial disorders, in rhinitis, and as an antiarrhythmic.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
Conjunctivitis due to hypersensitivity to various allergens.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
The rate of airflow measured during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
Immunosuppression by the administration of increasing doses of antigen. Though the exact mechanism is not clear, the therapy results in an increase in serum levels of allergen-specific IMMUNOGLOBULIN G, suppression of specific IgE, and an increase in suppressor T-cell activity.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A biologically active principle of SRS-A that is formed from LEUKOTRIENE D4 via a peptidase reaction that removes the glycine residue. The biological actions of LTE4 are similar to LTC4 and LTD4. (From Dictionary of Prostaglandins and Related Compounds, 1990)
A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
Difficult or labored breathing.
A family of biologically active compounds derived from arachidonic acid by oxidative metabolism through the 5-lipoxygenase pathway. They participate in host defense reactions and pathophysiological conditions such as immediate hypersensitivity and inflammation. They have potent actions on many essential organs and systems, including the cardiovascular, pulmonary, and central nervous system as well as the gastrointestinal tract and the immune system.
Gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
A glandular epithelial cell or a unicellular gland. Goblet cells secrete MUCUS. They are scattered in the epithelial linings of many organs, especially the SMALL INTESTINE and the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
A variety of devices used in conjunction with METERED DOSE INHALERS. Their purpose is to hold the released medication for inhalation and make it easy for the patients to inhale the metered dose of medication into their lungs.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A soluble factor produced by activated T-LYMPHOCYTES that induces the expression of MHC CLASS II GENES and FC RECEPTORS on B-LYMPHOCYTES and causes their proliferation and differentiation. It also acts on T-lymphocytes, MAST CELLS, and several other hematopoietic lineage cells.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
A CC-type chemokine that is specific for CCR3 RECEPTORS. It is a potent chemoattractant for EOSINOPHILS.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Focal accumulations of EDEMA fluid in the NASAL MUCOSA accompanied by HYPERPLASIA of the associated submucosal connective tissue. Polyps may be NEOPLASMS, foci of INFLAMMATION, degenerative lesions, or malformations.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Physical characterization of a low-charge glycoform of the MUC5B mucin comprising the gel-phase of an asthmatic respiratory mucous plug. (1/13648)

We have previously noted that sequential extraction of an asthmatic mucous exudate with 6 M guanidinium chloride yielded a fraction of the mucins that were most resistant to solubilization and of high Mr [Sheehan, Richardson, Fung, Howard and Thornton (1995) Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 13, 748-756]. Here we show that this mucin fraction is dominated (at least 96% of the total) by the low-charge glycoform of the MUC5B gene product. Seen in the electron microscope the mucins appeared mainly as compact 'island' structures composed of linear threads often emanating from globular 'nodes' rather than the discrete linear threads more typical of mucins that we have previously described. The effect of reducing agents was as expected for other gel-forming mucins, i.e. reduced subunits or monomers of Mr 3x10(6)) were produced within 15 min of treatment. Kinetic experiments on the cleavage of the intact mucins with the proteinase trypsin indicated two clear regimes of fragmentation. An initial rapid cleavage generated mucins ranging from Mr=4x10(6) to 30x10(6) that in the electron microscope appeared as polydisperse threads (500-3000 nm in length), similar to normal and other respiratory mucins that we have previously characterized. A subsequent slower fragmentation over many hours yielded a major fragment of Mr 3x10(6) and length 200-600 nm, very similar in size and Mr to the subunits obtained by reduction. The results suggest that the MUC5B mucin is assembled, first into polydisperse linear threads, which are then linked together via a protein-mediated process. This might involve part of the mucin polypeptide or an as yet unidentified protein(s). The high proteinase susceptibility of the linkage suggests that it might be a point of control for mucin size and thus mucus rheology.  (+info)

Respiratory symptoms among glass bottle workers--cough and airways irritancy syndrome? (2/13648)

Glass bottle workers have been shown to experience an excess of respiratory symptoms. This work describes in detail the symptoms reported by a cohort of 69 symptomatic glass bottle workers. Symptoms, employment history and clinical investigations including radiology, spirometry and serial peak expiratory flow rate records were retrospectively analyzed from clinical records. The results showed a consistent syndrome of work-related eye, nose and throat irritation followed after a variable period by shortness of breath. The latent interval between starting work and first developing symptoms was typically 4 years (median = 4 yrs; range = 0-28). The interval preceding the development of dysponea was longer and much more variable (median = 16 yrs; range = 3-40). Spirometry was not markedly abnormal in the group but 57% of workers had abnormal serial peak expiratory flow rate charts. Workers in this industry experience upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms consistent with irritant exposure. The long-term functional significance of these symptoms should be formally investigated.  (+info)

Asthma visits to emergency rooms and soybean unloading in the harbors of Valencia and A Coruna, Spain. (3/13648)

Soybean unloading in the harbor of Barcelona, Spain, has been associated with large increases in the numbers of asthma patients treated in emergency departments between 1981 and 1987. In this study, the association between asthma and soybean unloading in two other Spanish cities, Valencia and A Coruna, was assessed. Asthma admissions were retrospectively identified for the period 1993-1995, and harbor activities were investigated in each location. Two approaches were used to assess the association between asthma and soybean unloading: One used unusual asthma days (days with an unusually high number of emergency room asthma visits) as an effect measure, and the other estimated the relative increase in the daily number of emergency room visits by autoregressive Poisson regression, adjusted for meteorologic variables, seasonality, and influenza incidence. No association between unusual asthma days and soya unloading was observed in either Valencia or A Coruna, except for one particular dock in Valencia. When the association between unloaded products and the daily number of emergency asthma visits was studied, a statistically significant association was observed for unloading of soya husk (relative risk = 1.50, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.94) and soybeans (relative risk = 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.08-1.59) in A Coruna. In Valencia, a statistical association was found only for the unloading of soybeans at two particular docks. Although these findings support the notion that asthma outbreaks are not a common hidden condition in most harbors where soybeans are unloaded, the weak associations reported are likely to be causal. Therefore, appropriate control measures should be implemented to avoid soybean dust emissions, particularly in harbors with populations living in the vicinity.  (+info)

Beta2-adrenoceptor polymorphism and bronchoprotective sensitivity with regular short- and long-acting beta2-agonist therapy. (4/13648)

The aim of the present study was to investigate bronchoprotective sensitivity in patients receiving regular treatment with short- and long-acting beta2-agonists and to evaluate any possible association with genetic polymorphism. Thirty-eight patients with stable mild to moderate asthma and receiving inhaled corticosteroids were randomized in a parallel group, double-blind, double-dummy fashion to receive 2 weeks of treatment with either formoterol (12 microg once daily, 6 microg twice daily or 24 microg twice daily) or terbutaline (500 microg four times daily). Bronchoprotection against methacholine challenge (as a provocative dose to produce a 20% fall in forced expiratory volume in 1.0 s: PD20) was measured at baseline (unprotected) after an initial 1 week run-in without beta2-agonist, and at 1 h after the first and last doses of each treatment. The PD20 values were log-transformed and calculated as change from baseline. Percentage desensitization of log PD20 for first- versus last-dose bronchoprotection was calculated and analysed according to effects of treatment and beta2-adrenoceptor polymorphism at codon 16 or 27. The mean degree of desensitization for bronchoprotection was comparable with all four treatments and there were no significant differences in absolute PD20 values after 2 weeks of chronic dosing. The PD20 values were (as microg of methacholine, geometric means+/-S. E.M.): formoterol, 12 microg once daily, 99+/-42 microg; formoterol, 6 microg twice daily, 107+/-44 microg; formoterol, 24 microg twice daily, 108+/-45 microg; terbutaline, 500 microg four times daily, 88+/-37 microg. All patients receiving formoterol, 24 microg twice daily, exhibited a loss of protection greater than 30% which was unrelated to polymorphism at codon 16 or 27. For codon 16, the use of lower doses of formoterol (12 microg once daily or 6 microg twice daily) showed wider variability in the propensity for protection loss in patients who were heterozygous, in contrast to a more uniform protection loss seen with homozygous glycine patients. The amount of protection loss was not significantly related to polymorphism at codon 16 or 27, expressed as values (mean+/-S.E.M.) for percentage desensitization according to each genotype (pooled treatments): Gly-16, 66+/-11%; Het-16, 53+/-8%; Arg-16, 69+/-18%; Glu-27, 68+/-12%; Het-27, 58+/-8%; Gln-27, 52+/-12%. The results of this preliminary study showed that bronchoprotective desensitization occurred readily in response to short- or long-acting beta2-agonist exposure irrespective of beta2-adrenoceptor polymorphism at codon 16 or 27. Further studies with larger patient numbers are required to further evaluate the effects of polymorphisms with lower doses of regular formoterol.  (+info)

Management of asthma and COPD patients: feasibility of the application of guidelines in general practice. (5/13648)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of the application of guidelines to the management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by assessing compliance with the guidelines and listing the barriers general practitioners (GPs) encountered during implementation. Insight into the feasibility of individual items in the guidelines can guide implementation strategies in the future and, if necessary, support revision of the guidelines. DESIGN: Descriptive study of care delivered during the implementation of guidelines by means of documentation of the care provided, education, feedback on compliance and peer review. SETTING: General practice. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen GPs in 14 general practices. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Compliance was expressed as the percentage of patients per practice managed by the GPs according to the guidelines. For each patient (n=413) data were collected on the care delivered during the first year of the implementation. Barriers encountered were derived from the summaries of the discussions held during the monthly meetings. RESULTS: The GPs were most compliant on the items 'PEFR measurement at every consultation' (98%), 'allergy test' (78%) and 'advice to stop smoking' (82%), and less compliant on the items 'four or more consultations a year' (46%), 'ordering spirometry' (33%), 'adjustment of medication' (42%), 'check on inhalation technique' (38%) and referral to a chest physician (17%) or a district nurse (5%). The main barriers were the amount of time to be invested, doubts about the necessity of regular consultations and about the indications for ordering spirometry and for referral to a chest physician or a district nurse. CONCLUSION: Although the feasibility was assessed in a fairly optimal situation, compliance with the guidelines was not maximal, and differed between the individual items of care. Suggestions are given for further improvements in compliance with the guidelines and for revision of the guidelines.  (+info)

Elevated asthma morbidity in Puerto Rican children: a review of possible risk and prognostic factors. (6/13648)

Latino children represent a significant proportion of all US children, and asthma is the most common chronic illness affecting them. Previous research has revealed surprising differences in health among Latino children with asthma of varying countries of family origin. For instance, Puerto Rican children have a higher prevalence of asthma than Mexican American or Cuban American children. In addition, there are important differences in family structure and socioeconomic status among these Latino populations: Cuban Americans have higher levels of education and family income than Mexican-Americans and Puerto Ricans; mainland Puerto Rican children have the highest proportion of households led by a single mother. Our review of past research documents differences in asthma outcomes among Latino children and identifies the possible genetic, environmental, and health care factors associated with these differences. Based on this review, we propose research studies designed to differentiate between mutable and immutable risk and prognostic factors. We also propose that the sociocultural milieus of Latino subgroups of different ethnic and geographic origin are associated with varying patterns of risk factors that in turn lead to different morbidity patterns. Our analysis provides a blue-print for future research, policy development, and the evaluation of multifactorial interventions involving the collaboration of multiple social sectors, such as health care, public health, education, and public and private agencies.  (+info)

Cockroach allergy and asthma in a 30-year-old man. (7/13648)

A growing body of evidence has implicated allergens derived from cockroaches as an important environmental factor that may aggravate asthma in sensitized persons. We present the case of a 30-year-old man with asthma and a cockroach allergy. Allergy skin testing confirmed hypersensitivity to cockroach extract, and a home visit revealed visual evidence of infestation and the presence of Bla g 1 German cockroach allergen in vacuumed dust. As is typical of patients with a cockroach allergy and asthma, multiple factors in addition to cockroach allergen appeared to aggravate the patient's asthma. A multimodality therapeutic regimen, which included medications as well as cleaning of the home, integrated pest management, and professional application of chemical controls, resulted in substantial clinical improvement. The pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical features of cockroach-allergic asthma are reviewed, and an approach to diagnosis and management is suggested.  (+info)

Short-term associations between outdoor air pollution and visits to accident and emergency departments in London for respiratory complaints. (8/13648)

Many epidemiological studies have shown positive short-term associations between health and current levels of outdoor air pollution. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between air pollution and the number of visits to accident and emergency (A&E) departments in London for respiratory complaints. A&E visits include the less severe cases of acute respiratory disease and are unrestricted by bed availability. Daily counts of visits to 12 London A&E departments for asthma, other respiratory complaints, and both combined for a number of age groups were constructed from manual registers of visits for the period 1992-1994. A Poisson regression allowing for seasonal patterns, meteorological conditions and influenza epidemics was used to assess the associations between the number of visits and six pollutants: nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particles measured as black smoke (BS) and particles with a median aerodynamic diameter of <10 microm (PM10). After making an allowance for the multiplicity of tests, there remained strong associations between visits for all respiratory complaints and increases in SO2: a 2.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-4.9) increase in the number of visits for a 18 microg x (-3) increase (10th-90th percentile range) and a 3.0% (95% CI 0.8-5.2) increase for a 31 microg x m(-3) increase in PM10. There were also significant associations between visits for asthma and SO2, NO2 and PM10. No significant associations between O3 and any of the respiratory complaints investigated were found. Because of the strong correlation between pollutants, it was difficult to identify a single pollutant responsible for the associations found in the analyses. This study suggests that the levels of air pollution currently experienced in London are linked to short-term increases in the number of people visiting accident and emergency departments with respiratory complaints.  (+info)

The overall goal of the Severe Asthma Research Program (SARP) is to develop a new paradigm for the understanding of severe asthma and its sub-phenotypes, in chi...
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Data & statistics on Current Asthma Status by Health Care Utilization Colorado Adults BRFSS: Current Asthma Status by Health Care Utilization: Colorado Adults, BRFSS 2000, To the right breaks down the prevalence of COPD among Colorado adults by age, race/ethnicity, sex, employment status, education level, income, marital status, smoking status, and asthma history., Urgent care visits: Percent of adults currently with asthma who had at least one urgent care visit for asthma with their provider in the past 12 months by State, District of Columbia and U.S. Territory, 2003...
The Asthma USA survey showed that uncontrolled asthma had significant medical consequences. Adults with uncontrolled asthma were more prone to need treatment with oral corticosteroids, visit the emergency room, or be hospitalized, compared with patients with well-controlled asthma.. Children with uncontrolled asthma also were in the same situation. Earlier studies have shown that uncontrolled asthma can put patients at risk for increased asthma symptoms, sudden asthma attacks, hospitalization, and even death.. The survey included >81,500 households that were assessed using the Asthma Control Test (ACT). Of the >10,000 adults with self-reported asthma taking the ACT, 41% had a score of 19 or less, which indicates uncontrolled asthma. The survey also examined scores from the Childhood Asthma Control Test and ACT in >3000 children respondents between the ages of 4 and 17. The results indicated that 31% of the children with asthma between the ages of 4 and 11 and 25% of those between the ages of 12 ...
TABLE1 - Estimated percent of current and former asthma status among adults ever diagnosed with asthma by state/territory.. TABLE2 - Estimated percent of active and inactive asthma status among adults ever diagnosed with asthma by state/territory.. TABLE3a - Estimated percent for time since first diagnosis among adults with current asthma by state/territory.. TABLE3b - Estimated percent for time since first diagnosis among adults with active asthma by state/territory.. TABLE4a - Estimated percent reporting an asthma attack or episode in the past year among adults with current asthma by state/territory.. TABLE4b - Estimated percent reporting an asthma attack or episode in the past year among adults with active asthma by state/territory. TABLE5a - Estimated percent reporting routine doctor visits in the past year among adults with current asthma by state/territory.. TABLE5b - Estimated percent reporting routine doctor visits in the past year among adults with active asthma by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Classification of childhood asthma phenotypes and long-term clinical responses to inhaled anti-inflammatory medications. AU - Howrylak, Judie A.. AU - Fuhlbrigge, Anne L.. AU - Strunk, Robert C.. AU - Zeiger, Robert S.. AU - Weiss, Scott T.. AU - Raby, Benjamin A.. N1 - Funding Information: Heterogeneity of severe asthma in childhood: confirmation by cluster analysis of children in the National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Severe Asthma Research Program. PY - 2014/5. Y1 - 2014/5. N2 - Background Although recent studies have identified the presence of phenotypic clusters in asthmatic patients, the clinical significance and temporal stability of these clusters have not been explored. Objective Our aim was to examine the clinical relevance and temporal stability of phenotypic clusters in children with asthma. Methods We applied spectral clustering to clinical data from 1041 children with asthma participating in the Childhood Asthma Management ...
Updated guidelines and new treatments for asthma have become available since the last major survey of asthma management in the United States was completed ∼11 years ago. The Asthma Insight and Management (AIM) survey was conducted to assess the current status of asthma burden in the United States. A geographically stratified screening of 60,682 households provided a national sample of 2500 patients with current asthma (2186 adults aged ≥18 years; 314 adolescents aged 12‐17 years). A national sample of 1004 adults without current asthma was interviewed for comparison with the adult asthma population, and 309 asthma health care providers were surveyed for their opinions about the burden of asthma. Asthma prevalence in the United States was estimated at 8%. Twice as many adult asthma patients rated their health as only fair, poor, or very poor, or experienced limitations in activity because of health problems, compared with the general population. Asthma also frequently caused negative ...
What is an asthma action plan?. An asthma action plan is a written plan, customised for every asthmatic patient. The action plan is developed and designed by the doctor to help asthmatic patients to control their asthma. Action plans may differ from patient to patient depending on severity.. The asthma action plan may need to be reviewed and updated from time to time so that any changes in asthma medication is recorded according to the asthma control.. What is in the plan?. The asthma action plan will tell the patient what to do during asthma attacks. It contains specific written instructions on:. ...
Asthma is a prevalent chronic respiratory disease and major cause of morbidity in the United States (1). However, with appropriate medication, medical care, and self-management, most asthma symptoms are preventable (2). Recent evidence indicates that asthma self-management education is effective in improving outcomes of chronic asthma (3). Guidelines issued by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) specify essential components of asthma management, including patient education, objective monitoring of symptoms, and avoiding asthma triggers (3). Healthy People 2010 objectives include increasing the proportion of persons with asthma who receive formal patient education from 8% to 30% (objective 24-6) and who receive care according to NAEPP guidelines (objective 24-7) (4,5). The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) routinely includes questions that assess asthma status. In 2003, the survey included a series of questions designed to reflect clinical best practices for asthma ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Role of the Six-minute Walk Test, Pulmonary Function Test, and Asthma Control Test in Asthmatic Patients-a Preliminary Report. AU - Chen, Shiau-Yee. AU - Hsu, Han Lin. AU - Lin, Jiu Jenq. AU - 余, 明治(Ming-Chi Yu). AU - 江, 玲玲(Ling-Ling Chiang). AU - 李, 俊年(Chun-Nie Lee). PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - Purpose: Asthma control is the main concern for related professionals when approaching asthmatic patients. In this study, we selected three different tools to understand asthma control status in patients with asthma.Methods: Twenty-six patients with asthma were recruited in the study. These patients underwent pulmonary function testing with spirometry and the six-minute walk test, and completed an asthma control questionnaire (Asthma Control Test, ACT). In statistical analysis, the Spearman rank correlation and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for correlation between measured variables. For explanation, potential prediction variables were entered into a ...
The phenotypic features of asthma differ by severity and with advancing age. With advancing age, patients with severe asthma are more obese, have greater airflow limitation, less allergen sensitization, and variable type 2 inflammation. Novel mechanisms besides type 2 inflammatory pathways may infor …
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BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic disease affecting patients health status and quality of life. Although recent guidelines focus on asthma control, asthma remains poorly controlled in many patients even under specialist care. Asthma Control Test™ (ACT) is a short, simple, patient-based tool that provides consistent assessment of asthma.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the relationship of ACT with objective measures of lung function and inflammation such as forced expiratory volume in 1st second (FEV(1)) and exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in outpatients admitted for initial diagnosis of asthma and at follow-up.METHODS: One hundred and sixty (104 women and 56 men, mean age 39.7 ± 16.6 years) asthmatic patients with newly diagnosed asthma were included in the study. Patients completed the ACT questionnaire and underwent a detailed clinical examination, FeNO measurement, and prebronchodilator spirometry before (visit 1) and 4-12 weeks after initiation of treatment (visit ...
By Jaclyn Chasse N.D.. Over 22 million Americans have asthma and it is one of the most common pediatric chronic diseases, affecting about 6 million children. Asthma is a condition characterized by cough, difficulty breathing, wheezing and chest tightness. Asthma has several underlying pathological mechanisms including bronchoconstriction, bronchial hyperreactivity, and underlying inflammation and airway edema.. The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) first published guidelines for care in 1991 and published the most recent update in 2007. One of the key clinical activities recommended by the NAEPP is the development of a written asthma action plan in partnership with the patient. An asthma action plan is a written tool which outlines appropriate care for an asthma patient. The stoplight tool is on example of a written asthma action plan that categorizes severity of asthma into a red, yellow, or green zone. Each zone corresponds with a different stage of asthma and outlines ...
A recent review revealed that a lot needs to be done to improve asthma control in Australian children (www.aihw.gov.au).. Asthma affects 1 in 5 children. The good news is that there has been a 25% drop in the number of kids with asthma since 2001.. Poor asthma control is common. The study found that many children have poorly controlled asthma. Poor control leads to more severe symptoms, more flareups, days off school and hospital admissions.. Management plans. Most asthmatic children have not had an Asthma Cycle of Care, a full asthma assessment and treatment plan from their GP.. Half of Australian children with asthma do not have a written Asthma Action Plan which helps recognise and treat any deterioration. Action Plans improve asthma control.. Incorrect use of medication. Many children use their short-acting relievers too often, instead of taking a daily preventer such as an inhaled corticosteroid. Preventers should be taken on a regular once- or twice-daily basis, but are most often used ...
BackgroundMany patients and healthcare professionals believe that work-related psychosocial stress, such as job strain, can make asthma worse, but this is not corroborated by empirical evidence. We investigated the associations between job strain and the incidence of severe asthma exacerbations in working-age European men and women. MethodsWe analysed individual-level data, collected between 1985 and 2010, from 102 175 working-age men and women in 11 prospective European studies. Job strain (a combination of high demands and low control at work) was self-reported at baseline. Incident severe asthma exacerbations were ascertained from national hospitalization and death registries. Associations between job strain and asthma exacerbations were modelled using Cox regression and the study-specific findings combined using random-effects meta-analyses. ResultsDuring a median follow-up of 10years, 1 109 individuals experienced a severe asthma exacerbation (430 with asthma as the primary diagnostic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Quantifying asthma symptoms in adults. T2 - The Lara Asthma Symptom Scale. AU - Wood, Pamela Runge. AU - Smith, Brad. AU - ODonnell, Louise. AU - Galbreath, Autumn Dawn. AU - Lara, Marielena. AU - Forkner, Emma. AU - Peters, Jay I.. PY - 2007/12/1. Y1 - 2007/12/1. N2 - Background: Accurate assessment of asthma symptoms is critical in research and clinical settings. A multidimensional asthma control questionnaire could provide more accurate information about asthma symptoms than global assessments, which often overestimate asthma control. Objective: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of the Lara Asthma Symptom Scale (LASS) in adults with persistent asthma. Methods: Participants were 18 to 64 years of age with persistent asthma. Data were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. We described the construct and predictive validity of the LASS by comparing it with measures of pulmonary function (FEV1), asthma-specific quality of life (Junipers Asthma Quality of Life ...
As co-Editors in Chief (and Professor Canonica as President of Interasma), it is our pleasure to welcome our colleagues to this first issue of the journal Asthma Research and Practice (ARP) [1]. This will be an open-access online journal, and thus easily accessible to a large audience. The aims and scope of ARP will be to publish original research articles and state of the art reviews focusing on risk factors, diagnosis and management of asthma at all ages. Since asthma is a disease that comprises diverse endotypes and is often accompanied by co-morbidities, we expect and welcome manuscripts on topics such as obese asthma, exercise-induced asthma, asthma-COPD overlap syndrome, occupational asthma, and others [2, 3]. Although existing journals in fields as diverse as paediatrics, internal medicine, allergy and pulmonology include articles on asthma, we believe that a journal entirely dedicated to asthma is both valuable and necessary. Moreover, we are committed to have a section devoted ...
with mild intermittent asthma: *you have symptoms fewer than three times a week, and nighttime symptoms fewer than two times a month. *lung function tests are greater than 80% of predicted values ba
We have previously shown that atopic mechanisms may account for, at most, only 40% of cases of asthma in the general population.4 Interestingly, in this review we have shown that, at most, only 50% of all asthma cases are attributable to eosinophilic airway inflammation. Thus, evidence from studies of eosinophilia and asthma is consistent with that from studies of atopy and asthma: in both instances, at most about 50% of asthma cases appear to be due to allergic mechanisms (whether these are defined in terms of atopy or in terms of eosinophilia). This further adds to the evidence that allergic mechanisms may not be the only and/or necessarily the most important underlying mechanism for asthma. Non-eosinophilic asthma is associated with neutrophilic responses not only in severe asthmatics but also in those with moderate and mild asthma, and we thus hypothesise that a major proportion of asthma is based on neutrophilic airway inflammation. Environmental exposure to bacterial endotoxin, ...
Dr. Wei Wu is an Associate Research Professor at the Lane Center for Computational Biology at Carnegie Mellon University. Her research focuses on understanding complex human diseases by undertaking integrative approaches, which combine biology, computational and statistical learning, bioinformatics, and genomics. Dr. Wu received a Ph.D. in Computational Molecular Biology from Rutgers University. She also received a M.S. in Computer Science from the University of California at Santa Cruz, where she worked on the construction of the Human Genome Browser with Professor David Haussler. She later did a postdoctoral training at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab with Dr. Mina Bissell. Her current work involves: i) subphenotyping asthma patients using computational approaches; and ii) understanding breast cancer mechanisms using dynamic network learning approaches. Her paper on developing a tree-varying network learning approach for analyzing a breast cancer progression series of cells has won the Best ...
Mild and Severe Asthma May Be 2 Diseases The authors of a study reported recently in the European Respiratory Journal have concluded that severe asthma and mild asthma may be different conditions with different inflammatory processes. The study, conducted by scientists across Europe, evaluated 321 patients, 158 with mild-to-moderate asthma and 163 with severe asthma. The results of the study showed that both groups had very different levels of key chemicals in their blood. Also, whereas more men suffered from asthma, women were 4 times as likely to suffer from severe asthma. Individuals with mild-to-moderate asthma were able to control their symptoms with low doses of inhaled corticosteroids. Very few with severe asthma, however, were able to have their symptoms treated despite being treated with heavier doses of drugs. ...
The Particulars: Research shows that chronic asthma and cardiovascular disease (CVD) share a common inflammatory pathophysiology. However, few studies have explored the potential association between persistent asthma-defined as requiring daily controller medications-and an increased risk of CVD.. Data Breakdown: Researchers compared the rates of CVD over 9 years among patients with persistent asthma, intermittent asthma, or no asthma for a study. Among those with persistent asthma, 84.1% were alive and free from CVD, compared with a 91.1% rate for those with intermittent asthma and a 90.2% rate for those without asthma. Patients with persistent asthma had about a 60.0% higher risk of CVD events that those without asthma.. Take Home Pearl: There appears to be a strong association between persistent asthma and risk for CVD. ...
Asthma or bronchial asthma is a disease which is characterized by airways narrowing. It happens because of some agents provoke the airways making them inflamed. This disorder gains more and more scope nowadays making asthma one of the most widespread disorder nowadays. The evidence has proved that the amount of asthma sufferers grows rapidly.. Asthma may be manifested differently with short and long attacks. Some people feel light attack of dyspnea and cough but other cannot bare the severe attack of these symptoms. Asthma is an unpredictable disorder. It is a known fact that asthma is a chronic disease but there is opportunities to control your asthma attacks due to Asthma Inhalers Online ordered via the Internet. Everything is possible if you have such an inhaler within a reach.. There is also one more type of asthma known as exercise-induced asthma. This type of asthma may be caused by excessive physical trainings when lungs are pressed so much that you do not have any oxygen for breathing. ...
Severe asthma is typically characterized by chronic airway inflammation that is refractory to corticosteroids and associated with excess morbidity. Patients were recruited into the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored Severe Asthma Research Program and comprehensively phenotyped by bronchoscopy. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Compared with healthy individuals (n = 21), patients with asthma (n = 53) had fewer BAL natural killer (NK) cells. Patients with severe asthma (n = 29) had a marked increase in the ratios of CD4+ T cells to NK cells and neutrophils to NK cells. BAL NK cells in severe asthma were skewed toward the cytotoxic CD56dim subset, with significantly increased BAL fluid levels of the cytotoxic mediator granzyme A. The numbers of BAL CD56dim NK cells and CCR6−CCR4− T helper 1-enriched CD4+ T cells correlated inversely with lung function [forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) % predicted] in asthma. Relative to cells from healthy ...
A stranger would never guess my friend Catrina has asthma. She plays three varsity sports, sings along to entire musicals without losing her breath, and overall leads an active, nonstop life. Because of the incredible advancements in asthma treatment, Catrina seems practically indistinguishable from someone without asthma. Even I have never seen her reach for her inhaler. It is only because of our close friendship that I know she takes medicine to control her asthma and frequently visits an allergist. How has asthma treatment come so far? The use of animals in asthma research has lead to many groundbreaking discoveries that have benefited asthma sufferers like Catrina. Early asthma studies relied on animal research, and so does the current research that develops the kind of new medicines that Catrina uses today.. Asthma is defined by the National Institutes of Health as a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways, with symptoms of recurring periods of wheezing, tightness, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Management of asthma exacerbations. AU - Chestnutt, Mark. PY - 2002/1/1. Y1 - 2002/1/1. N2 - The 1997 Expert Panel Report 2 from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program* details principles and goals for managing asthma exacerbations, based on scientific literature and the opinion of the panel. The panels recommendations are summarized here, along with approaches to the evaluation and management of patients with asthma exacerbations. Methods to assess and classify the severity of asthma exacerbations are discussed, and treatment objectives for mild, moderate, and severe exacerbations are presented, along with a discussion of postinfectious acute airway hyperresponsiveness. A review of pharmacologic agents used in the treatment of asthma exacerbations is also included. Key points in the management of asthma exacerbations include the notion that early treatment is the best strategy for management. Important elements of early treatment include recognition of early signs ...
Community Asthma Program. The Community Asthma Program provides free asthma self-management education and support for children and young people with asthma and their families.. The program is aimed at people who frequently attend an Emergency Department for help with asthma, are at risk of attending or have complex psychosocial needs impacting on their ability to self-manage their asthma.. Families entering the program receive one-on-one help and support from a qualified health professional with advanced skills in asthma and respiratory education.. Click on the links below for further information: ...
Accordingly, the new update of the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines 2006 is based on the control of the disease and attempts to quantify and graduate the level of control by using a classification of asthmatic subjects into controlled,partly controlled and uncontrolled groups.. Achieving and maintaining optimal asthma control is a major goal of asthma management. Although the results of clinical trials advocate that asthma control can be reached in most patients, there is evidence that many subjects with asthma have poorly controlled disease and that there is a significant gap between the treatment goals and the current level of asthma control achieved in the general population.. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of uncontrolled and partly controlled asthma in Italy using a patient-based tool such as Asthma Control Test. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of asthma knowledge, management, and psychological burden among parents of asthmatic children from rural and Urban neighborhoods in India. AU - Rastogi, D.. AU - Gupta, S.. AU - Kapoor, R.. PY - 2009/11/5. Y1 - 2009/11/5. N2 - Introduction: Asthma prevalence is increasing in developing countries such as India. Little is known on parental knowledge of asthma severity, management and psychosocial impact, particularly among rural dwellers. Further, it is not known whether the female asthmatic child is particularly vulnerable. Objective: To evaluate parental asthma knowledge and psychological impact of having an asthmatic child. Methods: 134 consecutive caregivers were surveyed at the visit for their childs asthma exacerbation at an urban hospital in Kanpur, India between 3/20073/2008. Results: The childs age range was 5.7Â ± 2.7 years. 76 were urban city dwellers with significantly higher number having a college degree. 23 children had moderate to severe persistent ...
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Asthma Surveillance Abstract: Asthma Surveillance (Asthma GIS Maps) The Burden of Asthma in Connecticut 2012 Surveillance Report Asthma is a chronic disease of the respiratory system that is characterized by reversible obstruction of the airways and airway hyper-responsiveness to a variety of stimuli. Left uncontrolled or poorly-managed, asthma can lead to emergency department visits, hospitalization, or death. In 2010, 18.7 million adults and 7 million children in the United States had asthma. Asthma prevalence in Connecticut adults and children has been higher than national prevalence rates since the year 2000. In Connecticut, the populations disproportionately affected by asthma are: children, females, Hispanics, non-Hispanic Blacks, and residents of CTs five largest cities.Custom Download Select specific sections of The Burden of Asthma in ConnecticutFull Version Download the complete version of The Burden of Asthma in Connecticut Updated Report Tables (2016): Table F-1: Asthma Hospitalization
Results. A total of 4.8% of children had atopic asthma, 1.9% had nonatopic asthma, 3.4% had resolved asthma, and 4.3% had frequent respiratory symptoms. Mean BMI was higher among children with nonatopic asthma, whereas prenatal maternal smoking was a risk factor for resolved asthma. Atopic and nonatopic asthma were similar for most measures of asthma severity (eg, medication use and lung function), and relatively few children in either group were receiving inhaled corticosteroids (5%-10%). Patients with resolved asthma had fewer symptoms but lung-function impairment similar to that seen with current asthma, whereas children with frequent respiratory symptoms but no asthma diagnosis had normal lung function. ...
If you or your child has asthma that requires daily treatment, it is important to have an asthma action plan. An asthma action plan is a written plan that tells you what asthma medicine to take every day and how to treat an asthma attack. It can help you make quick decisions in case you are not able to think clearly during an attack.. An asthma action plan usually includes:. ...
A year ago, we told you about the 5 best asthma treatments.. Today, well tell you how to avoid asthma attacks and get more sleep.. Today were all about breathing.. But first, we have some tips for when you have a problem with asthma and want to know whats best for you.. How to Avoid Asthma Attacks for Asthma sufferers How to prevent asthma attacks: 1.. Dont put yourself in a situation where youre tempted to take an asthma medication.. People often get sicker after taking asthma medications, especially if they have a history of asthma.. This is true for everyone, but especially if youre using a medication that is already being taken for another ailment.. Even if you dont take asthma medications regularly, you should be careful not to overdo it.. If youve already had an asthma reaction, the next time you use an asthma inhaler, be sure to take a short break.. This may make it harder to breathe.2.. Do not smoke.. Smoking can cause asthma attacks.. Smoking is dangerous for you and your ...
Asthma is one of the most common diseases amongst children. Blood eosinophil count and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are known as markers for phenotyping asthma. This study was performed to investigate blood eosinophil count and NLR as predictors of hospitalization in pediatric asthma exacerbations. In this cross-sectional study, children admitted to hospital ward for more severe asthma exacerbation were compared with non-hospitalized children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbation whose asthma exacerbation was managed in emergency department or outpatient clinic. We investigated patients characteristic and factors associated with hospitalization. A total of 211 children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbation (mean age $$5.76 \pm 3.28$$ years old) were enrolled in the study including 91 hospitalized patients and 120 non-hospitalized patients. For the prediction of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Measures of asthma control. AU - Bime, Christian. AU - Nguyen, Jessica. AU - Wise, Robert A.. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Purpose of Review: Over the past decade, the concept of asthma control as distinct from asthma severity has been clearly defined. Well controlled asthma is the goal of therapy in all asthma patients. This review is a comprehensive description of the tools currently available for a methodical assessment of different aspects of asthma control in clinical practice and research. Recent Findings: Several questionnaires for assessing asthma control have been extensively validated in adults. In children, validation data are less extensive. Considerable overlap exists between asthma control measures and measures of asthma-specific quality of life. Asthma-specific quality-of-life questionnaires have been used as primary outcome measures in major clinical trials evaluating asthma therapy. Biomarkers that reflect eosinophilic inflammation of the airways are used ...
About Severe Asthma. Asthma affects 315 million individuals worldwide, and up to 10% of asthma patients have severe asthma, which may be uncontrolled despite high doses of standard-of-care asthma controller medicines and can require the use of chronic oral corticosteroids (OCS).. Severe, uncontrolled asthma is debilitating and potentially fatal with patients experiencing frequent exacerbations and significant limitations on lung function and quality of life. Severe, uncontrolled asthma has an eight times higher risk of mortality than severe asthma.. Severe, uncontrolled asthma can lead to a dependence on OCS, with systemic steroid exposure potentially leading to serious short- and long-term adverse effects, including weight gain, diabetes, osteoporosis, glaucoma, anxiety, depression, cardiovascular disease and immunosuppression. There is also a significant physical and socio-economic burden of severe, uncontrolled asthma with these patients accounting for 50% of asthma-related costs.. About the ...
KLING, S et al. Guideline for the management of acute asthma in children: 2013 update - Part 3: March 2013. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2013, vol.103, n.3, pp.199-207. ISSN 2078-5135.. BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations remain a common cause of hospitalisation and healthcare utilisation in South African children. AIM: To update the South African paediatric acute asthma guidelines according to current evidence, and produce separate recommendations for children above and below 2 years of age. METHODS: A working group of the South African Childhood Asthma Group was established to review the published literature on acute asthma in children from 2000 to 2012, and to revise the South African guidelines accordingly. RECOMMENDATIONS: Short-acting inhaled bronchodilators remain the first-line treatment of acute asthma. A metered dose inhaler with spacer is preferable to nebulisation for bronchodilator therapy to treat mild to moderate asthma. Two to four puffs of a short-acting bronchodilator ...
Asthma symptoms were recorded by the patient each morning and evening in the asthma daily diary. Symptoms were recorded using a scale of 0-3, where 0 indicates no asthma symptoms. The daily asthma symptom total score was calculated by taking the sum of the daytime score recorded in the evening and the nighttime score recorded the following morning. The weekly total asthma score was averaged from the daily scores over a 7 day period, with score ranging from 0 to 6, where 0 indicates no asthma symptoms. The changes from baseline of weekly total asthma score are compared between benralizumab 30 mg Q4W and placebo by using the mixed-effect model repeated measures (MMRM) with baseline blood eosinophil count (≥300 cells/μL or ,300 cells/μL), protocol specified visit, region (Europe or North America) and treatment*visit interaction as fixed effects and baseline total asthma score as a covariate.. Changes at Week 12 were calculated based on patients with both baseline and Week 12. ...
Background: Racial and ethnic minority youth have poorer asthma status than white youth, even after controlling for socioeconomic variables. Proper use of asthma controller medications is critical in reducing asthma mortality and morbidity. The clinical consequences of poor asthma management include increased illness complications, excessive functional morbidity, and fatal asthma attacks. There are significant limitations in research on interventions to improve asthma management in racial minority populations, particularly minority adolescents and young adults, although illness management tends to deteriorate after adolescence during emerging adulthood, the unique developmental period beyond adolescence but before adulthood. Objective: The objective of the pilot study was to test the feasibility, acceptability, and signals of efficacy of an intervention targeting adherence to controller medication in African American youth (ages 18-29) with asthma. All elements of the protocol were piloted in a National
Based on the modified GINA criteria, of the 397 children in the sample, 143 (36%) had intermittent asthma; 160 (40%) had mild persistent asthma; 51 (12.8%) had moderate persistent asthma; and 43 (10.8%) had severe persistent asthma. In 60 children, occasional limitation of daily activities was the indicator of greatest severity. Taking into account that responses to the remaining questions were not related to more severe asthma, a decision for more conservative categorization was made, and these children were classified as having mild persistent asthma. Based on the ISAAC questionnaire, 90 of the 397 children (22.3%) provided positive responses to questions assessing symptom severity, whereas 307 (77.3%) replied in the negative.. Comparison of both asthma severity criteria according to data from the second survey (Table 2) shows that, the greater the severity of the disease according to GINA criteria, the greater the proportion of children with more severe symptoms as assessed by ISAAC. No ...
The University of Sydney in Australia is currently performing asthma research and is trying to stop the destructive cells responsible for the inflammatory response from being produced. These cells are stimulated by chemical messengers called cytokines and current medications, for example steroids which help to reduce the concentration of cytokines and stop the inflammatory response.. Steroids also have an effect on a number of other tissues in the body and are known to produce side effects. Asthma research at the university is undergoing on how the cytokines are produced and how they can stop production and also inflammatory response.. Woolcock Institute of Medical Research is conducting an asthma research on the long-term effects of asthmatic episodes on the lining of the airways and how the inflammatory response can affect and how current medications work.. They are trying to develop a non-invasive method that will allow them to determine the degree of scarring and how this affects the ...
Lung function test: Lung function test is an asthma test used to determine if there is any progress in your breathing following the inhalation of a bronchodilator. If there is fifteen percent improvement, then asthma is a possible diagnosis.. Spirometry: Spirometry is the lung function test that can be carried at asthma clinic. It is used to measure how much and how quickly you can move air out of your lungs. You have to inhale and exhale deeply and seal your lips around the mouthpiece and blow forcefully as long as possible. The information is collected by the spirometer and can be printed out on a chart called spirogram.. Skin prick test: Skin prick test is an asthma test used to identify any allergens which you may be sensitive and which may trigger asthma attack. Some small amounts of allergens are injected into your skin of the forearm and the area is monitored for a reaction.. After monitoring for fifteen minutes, if there is no visible swelling, then it may that you dont have asthma or ...
Investigators from multiple institutions in Michigan and Georgia sought to determine whether using Puff City,1 a web-based asthma intervention developed by the authors and aimed at African American teenagers, improves asthma outcomes. Students in grades 9 through 12 were recruited from 6 public high schools for the study if they had a diagnosis of asthma made by a health care provider, current symptoms, and use of asthma medications. Students without a formal asthma diagnosis were also included if they had symptoms consistent with a diagnosis of intermittent asthma or more severe asthma (based on the International Survey of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire). ...
Though exercise-induced bronchoconstriction is common among asthmatics, physical activity (PA) seems important in asthma management. Still, various studies point at avoidance of sports and certain daily life activities like walking stairs, even by patients with mild symptoms. We aimed to compare physical activity levels between healthy subjects and asthmatics with controlled and uncontrolled disease. Data on asthma and PA were drawn from the Portuguese National Asthma Survey. The short telephone version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to measure PA levels. Current asthma was defined as self-reported asthma and at least one of these criteria: one or more asthma symptoms in the last twelve months, currently taking asthma medication or an asthma medical appointment in the previous twelve months. Controlled asthma was defined as a CARAT global score | 24 or a CARAT second factor score ≤ 16. Healthy subjects were defined as individuals without atopy, heart disease or
Asthma Action Plan. You and your doctor write an Asthma Action Plan together. It is a written plan that will help you stay away from triggers and take medicine to control your asthma symptoms. Learn more about an Asthma Action Plan. Always keep a copy with you.. Asthma Control Test:. The Asthma Control Test (ACT) has questions for a person with asthma. Take the ACT and see if your asthma is under control. Share the results with your doctor. Page Updated: 12/7/2017 ...
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MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. While they have been implicated in various diseases, the profile changes in allergen inhalation challenge are not clarified in human. We aimed to evaluate changes in the microRNA profiles in the peripheral blood of asthmatic subjects undergoing allergen inhalation challenge. Seven mild asthmatic subjects participated in the allergen inhalation challenge. In addition, four healthy control subjects (HCs) were recruited. MicroRNA profiles in peripheral blood samples (pre-challenge and 2 hours post-challenge) were measured by the NanoString nCounter assay to determine changes in miRNA levels as these asthmatic subjects underwent an allergen inhalation challenge. One common miRNA, miR-192, was significantly expressed in both comparisons; HCs vs. pre-challenge and pre- vs. post-challenge, showing that miR-192 was significantly under-expressed in asthmatics compared to HCs and decreased in post-challenge at an
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ABSTRACT. Purpose. To review the characteristics of difficult-to-treat asthma and describe patients who may benefit from therapy with the recently approved humanized monoclonal anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody, omalizumab.. Principal findings. Up to 20 percent of patients have difficult-to-treat asthma. These patients consume a disproportionate share of asthma care resources. Clinical and economic outcomes can be improved via improved self-management, increased adherence to prescribed therapy, and better compliance to national asthma treatment guidelines. These patients also may benefit from therapies that directly target mechanisms responsible for persistent airway inflammation and elicit favorable clinical responses.. Conclusions. Effective asthma control remains difficult in a small cohort of patients with persistent, severe airway inflammation. Management strategies that improve asthma control and reduce exacerbations can improve clinical outcomes and minimize health care resource ...
The effect of weather on asthma symptoms isnt fully understood, but clearly there is a link. Numerous studies have shown a variety of connections, such as increases in asthma-related emergency department visits when certain weather conditions are present. Some people find that their asthma symptoms get worse at specific times of year. For others, a severe storm or sudden weather change may trigger an attack.. Exposure to cold, dry air is a common asthma trigger and can quickly cause severe symptoms. People with exercise-induced asthma who participate in winter sports are especially susceptible. Dry, windy weather can stir up pollen and mold in the air, leading to problems for some people.. Hot, humid air also can trigger asthma symptoms, and wet weather encourages the growth of mold spores, another asthma trigger. In certain areas, heat and sunlight combine with pollutants to create ground-level ozone, which is also an asthma trigger.. Studies have shown that thunderstorms can trigger asthma ...
INTRODUCTION: asthma is a chronic inflammatory and a heterogeneous condition of respiratory system whose pathogenesis is linked with variable structural changes. The clinical manifestation of asthma includes attacks of breathlessness, cough, chest tightness and wheezing. Provision of basic equipment and test for asthma diagnosis and access to essential medicines by asthmatic patients reduces morbidity and mortality rates. Significant progress has been made in the diagnosis and management of asthma in other countries but not in the health care delivery system in Zimbabwe. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop algorithm for asthma diagnosis and management for Zimbabwe. METHODS: a two stage Delphi model was used to collect data in order to develop an algorithm of asthma diagnosis and management. A baseline interview with 44 doctors was done to understand their experiences and knowledge regarding asthma diagnosis and management. We collected data using the KoBo Collect Toolbox installed on Android
Millions of children with asthma heading back to classrooms this fall will be greeted by an increasing number of school-based asthma education initiatives, and adult patients around the U.S. are getting more access to these types of patient education programs, as well. Now, the new asthma care guidelines from the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has made patient education a major priority in their new guidelines.. It is well-known that patient education is the cornerstone of quality care and outcomes for asthma patients, as it is for other diseases, says Mary Brasler, MSN, EdD, Director of Programs for the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA), the leading national asthma patient advocacy group and a member of the NAEPP schools committee. Simply put, if people are taught asthma self-management skills, they are more likely to adhere to their treatment plans and their health improves.. Public health experts agree ...
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute - So You Have Asthma: A Guide for Patients and Their Families This booklet offers the latest information on asthma management. In an easy-to-read format, it provides information about asthma symptoms, the latest treatments, and ways to monitor and keep your asthma under control. This site also includes the Clinical Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma and What Is Asthma?. The American Lung Associations (ALA) Asthma Basics The Asthma Basics course is a free, one-hour interactive online learning module designed to help people learn more about asthma. This course is ideal for frontline healthcare professionals like nurses or community health care workers, as well as individuals who have asthma. Asthma Basics also includes comprehensive resources like asthma medication devices, and demonstration videos and downloads. This course is also available in Spanish.. Living with Asthma - National Jewish Health. National Jewish Health website ...
According to the California Work-Related Asthma Prevention Program, part of the Occupational Health Branch of California Department of Public Health, cleaning products used in workplaces can cause or trigger work-related asthma. To prevent harsh affects of cleaning products, employers should make sure the safest products and practices are used in the workplace. The program has found that nearly 10 percent of all work-related asthma cases were caused by exposure to cleaning products. Most of these cases had new asthma that started only after they began work - the exposures caused their asthma. About one in five people (almost 20 percent) used cleaning products directly, such as janitors. The other 80 percent of workers attributed their asthma symptoms to cleaning products used nearby. Many workplaces, like schools, hospitals, and restaurants are places where everyone, including children, can be affected by cleaning products. How can asthma from cleaning products be prevented? ...
Stanbrook and Kaplan have previously suggested that physicians who do not use spirometry for their asthma patients should not be managing asthma.1 They have put forth the notion that asthma management without spirometry testing would be considered failing to maintain an adequate standard of care, and that most primary care physicians need to make testing available in their own offices.1 They developed this theme based on a study by Aaron et al,2 whose results actually revealed that asthma diagnosis was confirmed in 16% and 72% of patients studied, by spirometry and methacholine challenge testing, respectively. Building a case for office spirometry based on these results seems counterintuitive.3 Further, Stanbrook and Kaplan did not cite a single reference in their article that described how widespread use of office spirometry in primary care might influence asthma outcomes in patients not previously diagnosed with asthma.1. Spirometry can provide important information about lung function and ...
In the 1990s, healthcare professionals and community advocates recognized an alarming rise in uncontrolled asthma, especially in low-income communities and communities of color. Between 1988 and 1995, hospitalizations for asthma in low-income communities in Seattle and South King County more than doubled, and were twice the rate of the general King County population.. Growing evidence showed that indoor asthma triggers such as dust mites, smoke, mold, and roaches were major contributors to poor asthma control. Local data demonstrated that in King County, low-income people were more likely to live in substandard housing, exposing them to these triggers.. A new approach to asthma care. Alarmed by this rise in asthma, a coalition of clinicians, public health officials, the American Lung Association, and community health advocates designed a pilot project to help low-income families manage asthma triggers in their homes.. While the cause [of the rise] was not clear, it was clear that people with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Different seasonal effect on asthma trajectories. T2 - A population-based birth cohort study. AU - Wu, Tsung Ju. AU - Pan, Shih Chun. AU - Chen, Bing Yu. AU - Chin, Wei Shan. AU - Guo, Yue Leon. PY - 2018/12/1. Y1 - 2018/12/1. KW - adolescence. KW - asthma phenotype. KW - atopic disease. KW - children. KW - group-based trajectory model. KW - season. KW - urbanization. KW - adolescence. KW - asthma phenotype. KW - atopic disease. KW - children. KW - group-based trajectory model. KW - season. KW - urbanization. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054172925&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85054172925&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1111/pai.12973. DO - 10.1111/pai.12973. M3 - Letter. C2 - 30144172. AN - SCOPUS:85054172925. VL - 29. SP - 873. EP - 877. JO - Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. JF - Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. SN - 0905-6157. IS - 8. ER - ...
Over-proliferation of airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) is one of the important contributors to airway remodeling in asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Shenmai injection (SMI) on the proliferation of the rat ASMC in asthma. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, the asthma group, and the SMI treatment group. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunocytochemistry staining were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in rat ASMC respectively. Intracellular Ca2+ concentration ( [Ca2+]i ) in rat ASMC were measured with Fluo-3/AM by confocal microscopy. The proliferation was detected by MTT assay. Compared with the control group, the asthma group showed an increased expression of TRPV1 and [Ca2+]i in rat ASMC. The expression of PCNA and absorbance of MTT assay in asthma rat ASMC was also significantly increased. SMI could
Children whose parents perceived their lives as unpredictable, uncontrollable, or overwhelming had increased risk of new onset asthma associated with TRP and maternal smoking during pregnancy. Furthermore, susceptibility to TRP attributable to parental education was markedly attenuated after accounting for the susceptibility attributable to parental stress. While parental stress may influence the development of asthma in a child due to biological and behavioral pathways other than psychological stress in children (26), the observed pattern of susceptibility to air pollution based on stress was not explained by potentially relevant history of illness and a range of behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental risk factors for asthma. Although there were relatively few children with a history of in utero tobacco smoke exposure, significantly larger effects were observed both among children with low parental education and with high parental stress. Thus, common biological pathways may underlie the ...
american academy of allergy asthma immunology aaaai asthma smoking allergies and asthma connection asthma research unit uk causes of asthma asthma medications risks asthma medications know your options mayoclinic com schering-plough corporation asthma scholarship homeopathy asthma homeopathy asthma symptoms People suffering from asthma often have allergic tendencies; a genetic predisposition...
There is increasing evidence that neutrophils are involved in acute asthma exacerbation. Prominent neutrophilic inflammation has been demonstrated during exacerbated asthma inadult patients 2-8. Recently, inflammatory profiles of asthmatic airways in children have been assessed by analysing sputum and/or BAL fluid 9-11. These studies proposed that neutrophil-mediated inflammation was also involved in the pathophysiology of exacerbation of childhood asthma. However, the nature of airway inflammation in childhood asthma and its severity have not been adequately evaluated because bronchoscopic studies or BAL fluid analysis can be too invasive for children.. There are several lines of evidence that activation of NE is involved in asthma exacerbation and results in hypersecretion by mucous-producing cells 8, 12, 13. In BAL fluid of asthmatic subjects, excessive secretion of proteinases, including NE and MMPs, has been observed during acute asthma exacerbation 12, 19. However, it is hard to detect ...
The original authors main conclusions are taken from Abstract, Results and Discussion. They are decided upon by the authors of the BOHRF occupational asthma guidelines and form part of the guidelines.. Objective criteria for interpretation of peak expiratory flow rate readings were assessed in 50 patients evaluated for suspected occupational asthma who had at least two weeks of PEFR readings and an objective diagnosis based on other investigations. The prevalence of occupational asthma was 36 percent. Peak flows were interpreted by two observers blinded to other results. Criteria for a PEFR interpretation of occupational asthma were as follow: diurnal variation greater than or equal to 20 percent relatively more frequently or with greater variation on working days than days off work. With the objective diagnoses as the gold standard, the sensitivity of the PEFR interpretations was 72 percent for OA; specificity for no asthma was 53 percent. Excluding those with greater than or equal to 20 ...
Theres a tremendous disparity there, said Wendy Brunner an epidemiologist for the Minnesota Department of Health Asthma Program.. The program tracks a number of asthma measures, among them emergency department visits, smoking rates, second-hand smoke exposure by people with asthma, rates of flu and pneumonia vaccinations for asthma sufferers and asthma deaths.. Brunner said where people live can explain much of the racial disparity in asthma rates. Like Jackson and her son, many low-income people turn to rentals where they may have less control over their living conditions.. We know in Minnesota that African Americans have the lowest home ownership rate in the state and that has implications for somebody with asthma, Brunner said.. Rental housing can have old, dirty carpets -a big asthma trigger. Tobacco smoke from nearby apartments may seep into the units where people with asthma live. In many cases, theres nothing a renter can do about these problems. Landlords may prevent them from ...
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In the present study, the relationship between airway inflammation and infection with C. pneumoniae in acute asthma was examined. It was found that over one-third of adults presenting with acute severe asthma showed a rise in C. pneumoniae-specific antibodies consistent with acute infection, reinfection or reactivation of latent infection with C. pneumoniae. These subjects exhibited a more intense inflammatory response during the acute exacerbation, with an increase in sputum TCC, neutrophil count and ECP level compared to subjects with acute asthma who did not show an increase in C. pneumoniae antibody levels.. Subjects were recruited from patients presenting to the emergency department with acute asthma, who had at least moderate airflow obstruction, representing a group with more severe acute asthma. This group was selected for study based on previous work linking C. pneumoniae infection with asthma exacerbations and severe asthma 6, 7, 14. The sputum induction time tended to be shorter at ...
Boston, Mass.-May 2, 2012) The Connecticut Childrens Medical Center is one of four winners nationwide of the 2012 National Environmental Leadership Award in Asthma Management for its Easy Breathing Program, which includes patient education and environmental interventions. The program is implemented across the state of Connecticut helping ensure that comprehensive asthma care is available to the 105,000 children with asthma now enrolled in the program. The Easy Breathing Program is designed to aid primary care clinicians in making a diagnosis of asthma and treating individuals using a systematic, standardized, approach which adheres to the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) guidelines. It was the first large scale program in the country to demonstrate that clinicians can use NAEPP guidelines and that its effective use can result in improved quality of asthma care. One of the distinguishing features of this program is the creation of a robust database which is used for ...
The inter-relationship between the perception of bronchoconstriction, bronchial hyper-responsiveness and temporal adaptation in asthma is still a matter of debate. In a total of 52 stable asthmatic patients, 32 without airway obstruction [forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)/vital capacity (VC) 84.1% (S.D. 7.9%)], and 20 with airway obstruction [FEV1/VC 60% (4%)], we assessed the perception of bronchoconstriction during methacholine inhalation by using: (i) the slope and intercept of the Borg and VAS (Visual Analog Scale) scores against the decrease in FEV1, expressed as a percentage of the predicted value; and (ii) the Borg and VAS scores at a 20% decrease in FEV1 from the lowest post-saline level (PB20). Bronchial hyper-responsiveness was assessed as the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20FEV1). The reduction in FEV1 was significantly related to the Borg and VAS scores, with values for the group mean slope and intercept of this relationship of 0.13 ...
Status asthmaticus is the most common medical emergency in children today and is responsible for nearly half a million hospital admissions annually. Despite evidence that asthma hospitalizations are decreasing, asthma mortality is not. In order to gain a better understanding of status asthmaticus, its treatment, and its overall outcomes, each PICU research team within the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN) examined its admissions records in detail for children aged from 1 year up to the 18th birthday over the last 5 years for any instances of deaths resulting from a diagnosis of asthma (fatal asthma). Post-mortem data was reviewed where available. In addition, the medical records for children intubated and mechanically ventilated for asthma (near-fatal asthma) were analyzed. This review and abstraction has enabled CPCCRN investigators to quantify the current variability of critical asthma treatment and has helped us to identify additional medical problems, such as ...
Twenty-five patients with severe childhood asthma were treated with beclomethasone dipropionate. 21 of these children were receiving oral corticosteroid therapy in addition to disodium cromoglycate.. Of the total treated, 21 children improved or maintained their asthma status on this treatment over an average period of 4 months, and were able to reduce and stop their regular oral corticosteroid dosage, but 4 children had to revert to their original therapy.. No systemic or local toxic effects were experienced by any of the children.. Beclomethasone dipropionate appears to be an effective drug in the treatment of severe childhood asthma in those patients who need corticosteroid therapy in addition to disodium cromoglycate.. ...
Telehealth has the potential to improve asthma management through regular monitoring of lung function and/or asthma symptoms by health professionals in conjunction with feedback to patients. Although the benefits of telehealth for improving asthma management have been extensively studied, the feasibility of telehealth for supporting asthma management in pregnant women has not been investigated. This study aims to evaluate the use of telehealth for remotely monitoring lung function and optimising asthma control during pregnancy. A randomised controlled trial comparing usual care with a telehealth program (MASTERY©) has been conducted. The intervention comprised a mobile application - Breathe-easy © supported by a Bluetooth-enabled handheld device (COPD-6®), which was used for self-monitoring of lung function (FEV1, FEV6) twice daily, and recording asthma symptoms and medication usage weekly; and a written asthma action plan (WAAP). The primary outcome measure is
TY - JOUR. T1 - Death due to asthma at workplace in a diphenylmethane diisocyanate-sensitized subject. AU - Carino, Mauro. AU - Aliani, Maria. AU - Licitra, Carmelo. AU - Sarno, Nicola. AU - Ioli, Francesco. PY - 1997/1. Y1 - 1997/1. N2 - Total cases of fatal asthma in the occupational setting reported in the literature are reviewed and the case of a 39-year-old foundry worker who died at work is described. A diagnosis of occupational asthma induced by diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) had been assessed 5 years in advance through a 0.005 ppm exposure inhalation challenge. Postmortem microscopic examination of the lung showed epithelial desquamation, eosinophilic/neutrophilic infiltration of the mucosa, dilatation of bronchial vessels, edema, hypertrophy and disarray of smooth muscle. Fatal asthma attack in a MDI-sensitized individual, to our knowledge, has not been previously described.. AB - Total cases of fatal asthma in the occupational setting reported in the literature are reviewed and the ...
In the second part of this respiratory health special report, Bernard Garbe looks at how serial peak expiratory flow can be used to identify occupational asthma.. The first part of the report explores the 2010 BOHRF Occupational Asthma Guidance on sensitiser-induced occupational asthma.. In occupational health, lung disease is the most common form of disease encountered after skin problems. Occupational lung diseases include byssinosis (typically cotton dust), allergic rhinitis, farmers lung, asbestosis, pneumoconiosis (most commonly coal dust), silicosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). While COPD has the greatest mortality rate, occupational asthma (OA) has by far the greater incidence. OA, by definition, is a lung disease caused by occupational exposures and is the cause of about 15% of adult-onset asthma. Occupational asthma often results in skilled and experienced people having to end their careers, in many cases without a confirmed diagnosis. In nearly half the diagnosed ...
Asthma is a chronic and heterogenic respiratory tract disorder with a high global prevalence. The underlying chronic inflammatory process and airway remodeling (AR) contribute to the symptomatology of the disease. The most severely ill asthma patients may now be treated using a variety of monoclonal antibodies aiming key inflammatory cytokines involved in asthma pathogenesis. Although clinical data shows much beneficial effects of biological therapies in terms of reduction of exacerbation rates, improvement of lung functions, asthma control and patients quality of life, little is known on the effects of these monoclonal antibodies on AR-a key clinical trait of long-term asthma management. In this review, the authors summarize the data on the proven effects of monoclonal antibodies in asthma on AR. To date, in terms of reversing AR, the mostly studied was omalizumab. However, some studies also addressed this clinical issue in context of other severe asthma biological therapies (mepolizumab, benralizumab
This study is being performed to help patients and their health care team work together to make decisions about managing their asthma. A new class of medicines for asthma called asthma biologics, which target very specific immunological pathways responsible for asthma, were developed. The first such medicine, omalizumab, first became available in 2003 and 2 additional medicines, mepolizumab and reslizumab, became available in 2015 and 2016, respectively. These medicines are currently intended for those who have moderate or severe asthma and who havent responded to other asthma medicines like inhaled corticosteroids. Patients receiving asthma biologics usually have the highest burden of asthma disease. Asthma biologic medicines are very expensive and may not work for everyone. Sometimes, patients and their doctors need to make decisions about stopping asthma biologics. Right now, we do not have very good information about what happens to patients after they stop these medicines. It is important ...
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) can enhance both early and late airway narrowing after inhaled antigen in allergic asthmatic subjects. We hypothesized that NO2 may also increase airway inflammation during the late response. Nitrogen dioxide has been shown to cause airway inflammation in healthy subjects without asthma. We also hypothesized that individuals with asthma may have increased non-allergic airway inflammation after exposure to NO2. To test these hypotheses, we designed two experiments with the following specific aims: Experiment 1) To determine the effect of a single exposure to NO2 on allergen-induced airway inflammation. Experiment Two: To determine the effect of NO2 exposure on non-allergic airway inflammation. Experiment One: 15 house dust mite (HDM)-sensitive asthmatic subjects were exposed for 3 hours to filtered air or 0.4 ppm NO2 followed immediately by inhalation of HDM allergen. Lung function was measured before and after each exposure and after allergen challenge, hourly for 6 hours. Sputum
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects over half a million children and adults living in Indiana. Asthma can be controlled but not cured. In a person with asthma, airways can swell and tighten making it hard to breathe. When an asthma attack happens, the inside of the airways swell and fill with mucus. The muscles around the airways tighten. This makes the airways smaller. Some of the most common symptoms of asthma include wheezing, shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, and coughing.. People with asthma can help control their symptoms by managing triggers in their environment. Triggers include anything that brings on asthma symptoms, and they differ for each person with asthma. Some triggers include dust mites, cigarette smoke, perfumes and fragrances, mold, pet dander, cockroaches, and stressful or emotional situations.. People with asthma should talk to their doctor about developing an asthma action plan. Asthma action plans help people with asthma to manage their ...
Essentially, airway remodeling is the result of chronic inflammation in the airways that goes untreated long-term. This is added evidence that asthma should be treated aggressively with inhaled corticosteroids early on in the course of the disease to prevent permanent airway damage and worsening asthma ...
It wasnt easy getting to this point, though. This can work as a natural anti-inflammatory agent. I agree with the change to a corticosteroid inhaler minus the long acting bronchodilater. Make a wire mould similar in size and shape to the mouthpiece of the MDI [metered-dose inhaler]. Depending on where your asthma control falls on the chart, you may need to make adjustments to your medications. Why do inhalers make me feel better if I dont have asthma? Tools for asthma control. Your written asthma action plan will let you know exactly when and how to make adjustments. Thats why ginger tea is a great alternative to stop asthma naturally. While asthma causes symptoms that challenge breathing, you can participate in any activity as long as you manage your asthma symptoms, notes the American Lung Association. The Buteyko method teaches you to breathe slowly and calmly through your nose instead of your mouth. Before embarking on any home remedy, it is important to speak with your doctor to ensure ...
There was only one problem. As more data came in, they failed to tell the same story as the hygiene hypothesis. Children in Latin America with high rates of supposedly protective infection have even higher rates of asthma than children in western Europe. Inner-city children in Chicago and New York have quite high rates of asthma, despite unhygienic living. And the rates of asthma varied among countries with very similar histories of cleanliness-indicating that there was more to it than tidiness. For example, by 2004 Swedens asthma cases had increased to 10 percent, according to one international study, while the number of cases in the U.K. had soared to 20 percent.. In addition, research showed that the relation between asthma and allergy is not at all straightforward. Some cases of asthma are indeed triggered by allergies, although the consensus among researchers over the past decade is that the connection is probably not as clear-cut as the hygiene hypothesis would suggest. Still other layers ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Choosing Wisely. T2 - Adherence by Physicians to Recommended Use of Spirometry in the Diagnosis and Management of Adult Asthma. AU - Sokol, Kristin C.. AU - Sharma, Gulshan. AU - Lin, Yu Li. AU - Goldblum, Randall M.. PY - 2015/5/1. Y1 - 2015/5/1. N2 - Purpose: The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) and the American Thoracic Society provide guidelines stating that physicians should use spirometry in the diagnosis and management of asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the trends, over a 10-year period, in the utilization of spirometry in patients newly diagnosed with asthma. We hypothesized that spirometry use would increase in physicians who care for asthma patients, especially since 2007, when the revised NAEPP guidelines were published. Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis of spirometry use in subjects newly diagnosed with asthma used a privately insured adult population for the years 2002-2011. Our primary outcome of interest was ...
asthma in african american children infant asthma etiology asthma inhaled steroids pictures of asthma lungs asthma women obese what is asthma presentation allergy asthma information allergy asthma information association new brunswick asthma food allergies allergy asthma information association triple a run walk Allergy-Asthma-Info: For Allergy and Asthma Information. Therefore, I...
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease induced by many environmental factors. The inhalation of allergens and pollutants promote the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production leading to airway inflammation, hyper-responsiveness and remodeling in allergic asthma. The effects of asthma medications on ROS production are unclear. The present study investigated the anti-ROS effects of current asthma medications including inhaled corticosteroid (ICS; budesonide and fluticasone), leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA; montelukast), long acting β2 agonists (LABAs; salmeterol and formoterol) and a new extra-LABA (indacaterol). The human monocyte cell line THP-1 cells were pre-treated with different concentrations of the asthma medications at different time-points after hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) stimulation. H2O2 production was measured with DCFH-DA by flow cytometry. Montelukast, fluticasone and salmeterol suppressed H2O2-induced ROS production. Indacaterol enhanced H2O2-induced ROS production.
The Adult Asthma Program at Boston Medical Center provides a multidisciplinary diagnostic evaluation and tailored therapeutic plan for patients with asthma and related allergic lung disease, including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Our mission is to improve the lives of patients living with asthma and allergic lung disease by providing state-of-the-art patient care.. The staff includes physicians who are double board-certified in Pulmonary Diseases (ABIM) and the American Board of Allergy and Immunology. As a result, testing/treatment for allergy to possible environmental triggers is ordered and interpreted in the clinic as part of our comprehensive care including allergy skin testing, allergy immunotherapy (allergy shots), anti-IgE therapy, and other more recently approved biologics. In addition, the team includes nurse practitioners who specialize in asthma disease management and training to provide targeted asthma education.. Our patient ...
Supporting self-management behaviours is recommended guidance for people with asthma. Preliminary work suggests that a brief, intensive, patient-centred intervention may be successful in supporting people with asthma to participate in life roles and activities they value. We seek to assess the feasibility of undertaking a cluster-randomised controlled trial (cRCT) of a brief, goal-setting intervention delivered in the context of an asthma review consultation. A two armed, single-blinded, multi-centre, cluster-randomised controlled feasibility trial will be conducted in UK primary care. Randomisation will take place at the practice level. We aim to recruit a total of 80 primary care patients with active asthma from at least eight practices across two health boards in Scotland (10 patients per practice resulting in ~40 in each arm). Patients in the intervention arm will be asked to complete a novel goal-setting tool immediately prior to an asthma review consultation. This will be used to underpin a
TY - CHAP. T1 - Eosinophils. AU - Lee, Nancy A.. AU - Dahl, Mark V.. AU - Jacobsen, Elizabeth A.. AU - Ochkur, Sergei I.. PY - 2011/7/27. Y1 - 2011/7/27. KW - Allergic, nonatopic asthma - allergic asthma, observed in atopic patients. KW - Asthma in humans, three groups - nonatopic allergic asthma, asthma associated with allergies and atopic asthma. KW - Eosinophil numbers, increasing in presence - of allergic disease, as asthma, AD and hay fever. KW - Eosinophil presence, in airway allergic disease - and inflammation in respiratory tract. KW - Eosinophils and T cells - cooperating in asthmatic inflammation. KW - Eosinophils and asthma - disease of lungs and airways, pathologies outside lungs, as well. KW - Eosinophils, classical view of eosinophils - as destructive effector cells, killing cells or tissues indiscriminately. KW - Nonallergic asthma, not often responsive - to prednisone treatment. KW - T cells, and eosinophils - key immune modulators and remodeling agents in asthma. KW - T cells, ...
p,Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which is characterized by reversible bronchoconstriction, airway hyperresponsiveness, and airway inflammation. Allergen inhalation by sensitized atopic asthmatics enhances airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation, providing a model to study mild asthma exacerbation. Airway inflammation can be measured non-invasively from airway secretions by sputum induction. Prior to starting this thesis, information on allergen-induced inflammation measured from sputum was limited. Furthermore, the pro- or anti-inflammatory effects of asthma therapies had not been investigated using this model of allergen-induced airway inflammation. The aim of this thesis was to first characterize the allergen-induced changes in sputum inflammatory cells and determine the repeatability of measurements of sputum inflammatory cells following allergen inhalation challenge. In addition, this thesis was aimed to investigate the pro- or anti-inflammatory effects of asthma therapies on ...
In this historical cohort study, we found that infants of asthmatic women, as compared with nonasthmatic control women, were more likely to exhibit transient tachypnea of the newborn. We also observed that the association between maternal asthma and transient tachypnea of the newborn was more pronounced in term births as opposed to preterm births and in infants of male sex as opposed to infants of female sex.. Strengths of the present study included: 1) large sample size; 2) historical cohort design; 3) extensive control for potentially confounding variables; 4) stratified analysis by gestational age and sex.. Several limitations of our study must be kept in mind. Administrative databases are prone to some degree of coding errors.26Because the analyses reported here depend on the patient data recorded at the time of obstetrical delivery, it is possible that only mothers with severe or active asthma would have been identified as such and mothers with less severe or inactive asthma may have been ...
Bermuda Hospitals Board (BHB) invites the public to an Asthma Day Open House on Thursday 6 May from 8:30am to 2:30pm in the hospital lobby. Asthma and allergy education and free spacer devices will be provided to anyone suffering with asthma or other breathing difficulties. Adult lung screening will also be offered to smokers and ex-smokers over the age of 40.. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world, affecting more than 300 million people worldwide. It is characterized by recurrent breathing problems and symptoms such as breathlessness, wheezing, chest tightness and coughing.. Asthma affects approximately 12% of our community, explains Debbie Barboza, Asthma Nurse Educator for the Asthma Education Centre at KEMH. Thousands of people suffer unnecessarily every day because of poorly controlled asthma. Yet people can control their disease and minimize incidents with proper diagnoses, education and treatment.. While hospital admissions from asthma-related incidents are ...
Brittle asthma is a kind of asthma distinguishable by recurrent, severe attacks. Type 1 brittle asthma is a disease with wide ... "Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention" (PDF). Global Initiative for Asthma. 2011. Archived Reports. Asthma at ... It is not known whether asthma causes psychological problems or psychological problems lead to asthma. Current asthma, but not ... and epithelial basement membrane thickening in a person with asthma. Diagram of asthma While asthma is a well-recognized ...
... and asthma control in children attending US asthma camps". Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 99 (6): 496-501. doi:10.1016/S1081-1206( ... Asthma camp is a summer camp that is specialized for children with severe versions of asthma. Typically categorized as a ... Children that attend asthma camps tend to have improved asthma self-management skills and an increase in overall quality of ... Asthma camps aim to provide a positive experience for children with asthma through activities like hiking, swimming, canoeing, ...
... (also referred to in the media as thunder fever or a pollen bomb) is the triggering of an asthma attack by ... "thunderstorm asthma - PubMed - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 27 August 2019. Suphioglu C. Thunderstorm Asthma Due to ... Five expats die of asthma as rain lashes Kuwait. Gulf Digital News, 2016 "KUNA: Five people die in 2 days due to asthma attacks ... Patients with a history of grass allergies should be tested for asthma and treated for the grass allergies and asthma if also ...
Newly diagnosed asthma Managing asthma symptoms Avoiding asthma triggers Treatment options Asthma Canada has an Asthma and ... Asthma Canada runs the Asthma Ambassadors program, which allows interested Canadians to disseminate asthma information in their ... Asthma Canada, formerly the Asthma Society of Canada, is a non-profit charity dedicated to enhancing the quality of life and ... The mission of Asthma Canada is to help Canadians with asthma lead healthy and active lives through education, advocacy, and ...
"Who we are". Asthma UK. Retrieved 23 February 2022. "How we began". Asthma UK. Retrieved 15 January 2017. "Asthma UK and the ... "Asthma UK Annual Report 2016-17" (PDF). asthma.org.uk. Retrieved 2018-03-29. "Asthma UK". BBC. September 2013. Retrieved 15 ... it changed its name to Asthma UK. In 2020 Asthma UK merged with the British Lung Foundation to become the Asthma UK and British ... Asthma UK is a British charity based in London. The Asthma Research Council was started in 1927. At that time the annual income ...
Asthma may also refer to: Occupational asthma, predisposition of the respiratory system caused by occupational hazards Asthma, ... Look up asthma in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Asthma is a predisposition of the respiratory system in which the airways ... a song by P.O.D. from their 2003 album Payable on Death Asthma (film) Exercise induced asthma, a sub-type of the long-term ... condition, Asthma . Asma (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Asthma. If an ...
... pets.webmd.com/cats/asthma-symptoms-cats Feline Asthma & Other Respiratory Disorders. (n.d.). Feline Asthma & Other Respiratory ... Feline asthma can also be attributed to lung damage caused by long-term exposure to second-hand smoke. Feline asthma occurs ... There are a number of diseases that are very closely related to feline asthma which must be ruled out before asthma can be ... Although feline asthma is incurable, ongoing treatments allow many domestic cats to live normal lives. Feline asthma is ...
... carries similar symptoms to bronchial asthma, but is differentiated by lacking inflammatory origin. Because of ... "Cardiac Asthma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments". Healthline. 18 May 2021. "What causes cardiac asthma?". Mayo Clinic. Tanabe ... PFTs represent the preferred method for evaluating for bronchial asthma. Treatment of asthma symptoms in CHF patients is ... "Cardiac Asthma: Not Your Typical Asthma". www.uspharmacist.com. Retrieved 2022-03-08. Buckner, Kern (1 February 2013). "Cardiac ...
Therefore, asthma patients should be cautious and inform their physicians of their asthma conditions. Occupational asthma ... Understanding the specific asthma triggers for a patient and avoiding them can be a simple way for preventing an asthma attack ... Asthma triggers are factors or stimuli that provoke the exacerbation of asthma symptoms or increase the degree of airflow ... Exercise induced asthma is common in most asthma patients. Although the mechanism for such a phenomenon is still unclear, ...
... is new onset asthma or the recurrence of previously quiescent asthma directly caused by exposure to an ... Another type of work-related asthma is work-exacerbated asthma (WEA) which is asthma worsened by workplace conditions but not ... About one fourth of adults with asthma have work-exacerbated asthma. Patients with work-related asthma are more likely to ... and physical exertion can exacerbate asthma symptoms in these patients. Both occupational asthma and work-exacerbated asthma ...
Asthma'". Variety. Retrieved February 7, 2017. "Asthma". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 7, 2017. "Asthma Reviews". ... Asthma at IMDb Asthma at Rotten Tomatoes (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, 2014 ... Asthma is a 2014 American romantic drama film written and directed by Jake Hoffman and starring Benedict Samuel and Krysten ... Walsh, Katie (October 29, 2015). "Review 'Asthma' sounds fine, but the filmmaking needs a breath of fresh air". Los Angeles ...
... is considered one of the Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan and was the subject of Japan's first court case ... Yokkaichi asthma (四日市ぜんそく, Yokkaichi zensoku) refers to cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, ... Several asthma victims committed suicide, such as Kihira Usaburou, with some writing suicide notes attributing their deaths to ... Yokkaichi asthma has been identified in other rapidly industrializing areas in parts of the world, including Mexico City, ...
... is one of the "unstable" subtypes of "difficult asthma", a term used to characterize the less than 5% of asthma ... Brittle asthma is a type of asthma distinguishable from other forms by recurrent, severe attacks. There are two subtypes ... 1999). Difficult asthma. Informa Health Care. p. 291. ISBN 1-85317-556-0. Gupta D, Ayres JG (2001). "Brittle asthma: a separate ... 1999's Difficult Asthma estimates a prevalence of approximately 0.05% brittle asthma sufferers among the asthmatic population. ...
The American Asthma Foundation (AAF) was a non-profit grant program that funds basic research focused on asthma. Its stated ... The American Asthma Foundation employed an unusual strategy to advance basic research in asthma: nearly all AAF grant funding ... "After funding asthma research for 20 years, the American Asthma Foundation has suspended operations - AAFRP". ... After 20 years of funding basic research in asthma, the American Asthma Foundation suspended funding for new grants in 2019. " ...
In essence, asthma is the result of an immune response in the bronchial airways. The airways of asthma patients are " ... However, asthma is rarely the only symptom, and not all people with food or other allergies have asthma Sulfite sensitivity ... GERD may be common in difficult-to-control asthma, but according to one study, treating it does not seem to affect the asthma. ... There are two major categories of asthma: allergic and non-allergic. The focus of this article will be allergic asthma. In both ...
... is an annual event organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) to improve asthma awareness and care ... Global Initiative for Asthma. 2 May 2022. Retrieved 2 May 2022. "World Asthma Day 2011: "You Can Control Your Asthma"". Medical ... "Closing Gaps in Asthma Care." The inaugural World Asthma Day was held in 1998. "NIH Statement on World Asthma Day 2021". nih. ... World Asthma Day takes place on May 3. The theme of 2021's event was "Uncovering Asthma Misconceptions," and for 2022, " ...
It is known that non-atopic asthma has a more severe clinical course than atopic asthma. Non-atopic asthma may be caused by ... pneumoniae with long-standing asthma among the non-atopic asthma in comparison to atopic asthma. In fact, the severity of ... Thus, asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways. Asthma is divided into two subgroups: atopic (extrinsic) and ... pneumonia's role in asthma section. Furthermore, patients with asthma are found to have an increased release of type II ...
While asthma is twice as common in boys as girls, severe asthma occurs at equal rates. Among adults, however, asthma is twice ... In 2000-2001 asthma prevalence was monitored at 6.5%; by 2010-2011 a 4.3% increase was shown, with asthma prevalence totaling ... "Asthma and Lung UK report - Asthma is worse for women (27 April 2022)". Patient Safety Learning - the hub. Retrieved 2022-05-12 ... "Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention" (PDF). Global Initiative for Asthma. 2011. Archived from the original ( ...
... , also known as status asthmaticus, is an acute exacerbation of asthma that does not respond to standard ... An exacerbation (attack) of asthma is experienced as a worsening of asthma symptoms with breathlessness and cough (often worse ... One important question is whether atopic individuals with asthma, in contrast to atopic persons without asthma, have a defect ... Shah, Rachna; Saltoun, Carol A. (May-June 2012). "Chapter 14: Acute severe asthma (status asthmaticus)". Allergy and Asthma ...
The Journal of Asthma is a peer-reviewed medical journal that covers asthma and related conditions. The editor-in-chief of ... "Journal of Asthma". Taylor & Francis. Retrieved 2010-01-18. "Editorial Board Members". Taylor & Francis. Retrieved 2010-01-18. ... Journal of Asthma is Jonathan A. Bernstein, who practices Allergy & Immunology in Cincinnati, Ohio. " ...
Items that were featured on the ALIS include: "asthma restricts my social activities"; "asthma affect my close relationships ... The Asthma Life Impact Scale (ALIS) measure is a disease specific patient reported outcome questionnaire which assesses the ... Twiss, J.; McKenna, S.P.; Crawford, S.R.; Tammaru, M.; Oprandi, N.C. (2011). "Adapting the Asthma Life Impact Scale (ALIS) for ... Crawford, S.R.; McKenna, S.; Twiss, J.; Tammaru, M.; Oprandi, N.C. (November 2011). "PRS53 Further Developments of the Asthma ...
asthma.ca/adults/ "Asthma Canada" Archived 2009-02-13 at the Wayback Machine. asthma.ca Asthma Canada. "Allergy Standards". ... asthma & allergy friendly US mark Canada (in association with Asthma Canada) asthma & allergy friendly Canadian mark ... Products are subjected to standardised testing and if they pass, are deemed Asthma & Allergy Friendly. The Asthma & Allergy ... which encompasses a variety of approaches is necessary to address management of asthma symptoms. Asthma & Allergy Friendly is a ...
"About the AAIR". Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research. Retrieved 2019-09-29. "Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research". 2018 ... Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research is a bimonthly peer-reviewed open access medical journal covering immunology. It was ... established in 2009 and is published by the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the Korean Academy of ...
GINA publishes resources such as evidence-based guidelines for asthma management, and runs special events such as World Asthma ... "Using Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines to assess asthma severity in populations". Eur Respir J. 16 (4): 615-20. doi: ... 1 May 2012). "Asthma guidelines implementation: a guide to the translation of GINA guidelines into improved care". Eur Respir J ... Link to the GINA asthma website v t e (Articles with VIAF identifiers, Articles with NKC identifiers, Articles with WorldCat- ...
Asthma Times) offering information on asthma and asthma care Anti-tobacco campaigns Asthma camps and community programmes The ... The Asthma and Bronchitis Association of India (ABAI) was founded in 1984 at the pulmonary function laboratory of St. George's ... It has three reputed chest physicians and asthma specialists on its core panel. Though it still operates from its initial ... Masand, Pratibha (2011-11-22). "Asthma". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 2013-01-03. Shukla, Alka (4 March ...
The Journal of Asthma and Allergy is a peer-reviewed medical journal focusing on asthma and pulmonary physiology. The journal ...
"Journal of asthma & allergy educators - NLM Catalog - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. NCBI. "Source details: Journal of Asthma & ... The Journal of Asthma & Allergy Educators was a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal that covered research in the fields of ... was established in 2010 and published until December 2013 by Sage Publications in association with the Association of Asthma ... pulmonary disorders and allergy, especially asthma, allergy management, and patient education. The editor-in-chief was ...
"Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology". NLM ... The Annals of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering allergy, asthma, and immunology ... "Editorial Board: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology". www.annallergy.org. Retrieved 2022-03-10. "Annals of Allergy Asthma ... The journal is published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, of which it is the ...
The Norwegian Asthma and Allergy Association (Norwegian: Norges Astma- og Allergiforbund, NAAF) is a Norwegian health ... Norwegian Asthma and Allergy Association website (in English) Pollen forecast (in Norwegian) (Articles containing Norwegian- ... It works on behalf of people with asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, allergies, and eczema. The association has ... language text, Medical and health organisations based in Norway, Asthma organizations, Allergy organizations, Organizations ...
... is a bimonthly peer-reviewed medical journal publishing review articles pertaining to ... "Current Allergy and Asthma Reports". 2014 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2015. ... allergy and asthma. It was established in 2001 and is published by Springer Science+Business Media. The editor-in-chief is ...
CDC works to help Americans with asthma achieve better health and improved quality of life. ... State and City Asthma Contacts and Programs. *Historical Information: Asthma at a Glance 2002-2010plus icon *2010 At A Glance ... Asthma Surveillance Dataplus icon *NHIS Asthma Prevalence Dataplus icon *2020 Data ... CDCs National Asthma Control Program works to help Americans with asthma achieve better health and improved quality of life. ...
Find out what can trigger asthma and how to relieve your symptoms and breathe easier. ... Asthma attack Open pop-up dialog box Close Asthma attack. Asthma attack. If you have asthma, the inside walls of the airways in ... For some people, asthma signs and symptoms flare up in certain situations:. *Exercise-induced asthma, which may be worse when ... To monitor your asthma after diagnosis. If you know you have asthma, work with your doctor to keep it under control. Good long- ...
... feline asthma is the most commonly diagnosed respiratory disorder in cats. Although a cure does not exist, through careful ... Feline Asthma: What You Need To Know. Suggested Articles Feline Asthma: A Risky Business for Many Cats ... During an asthma attack, many cats hunch their body close to the ground and extend their necks forward in a characteristic ... Cats with asthma often have distinctive changes in the appearance of the lining of their airways, although some of these ...
Work-related asthma: Number of cases in California, Massachusetts, Michigan, and New York by asthma classification, 2009-2015 ... Work-related asthma: Top twenty exposures most frequently reported by work-related asthma cases in California, Massachusetts, ... Work-related asthma: Top twenty exposures most frequently reported by work-related asthma cases for California, Massachusetts, ... Work-related asthma: Exposures most frequently reported by work-related asthma cases in California, Massachusetts, Michigan, ...
... biologic and sociologic factors that may be important in the development of asthma. ... Reduced asthma; no effect on atopy. [127]. Manchester Asthma and Allergy Study (MAAS). Mono-allergen. Avoidance of HDM; ... Canadian Asthma Primary Prevention Study (CAPPS). Multi-allergen. Avoidance of HDM, pets, ETS, day care and cows milk, seafood ... Prevention of Asthma in Children Study (PREVASC). Multi-allergen. Avoidance of HDM, pets and ETS; implemented from prenatal ...
Asthma is a breathing disorder characterized by inflammation of the airways and recurrent episodes of breathing difficulty. ... Allergic asthma is the most common form of the disorder.. A hallmark of asthma is bronchial hyperresponsiveness, which means ... In nearly 90 percent of children and 50 percent of adults with asthma, the condition is classified as allergic asthma. ... Introduction to genetics and genomics in asthma: genetics of asthma. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2014;795:125-55. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614 ...
Sram, Radim J.; Ambroz, Antonin; Dostal, Miroslav; Honkova, Katerina; Hajslova, Jana; Pulkrabova, Jana; Urbancova, Katerina; Kosek, Vit; Veleminsky Jr., Milos; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe (‎World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe, 2017)‎ ...
To access A Story of Health: Asthma, please visit A Story of Health: Asthma training module pdf icon[PDF - 8.20 MB]external ... A Story of Health: Asthma is one module in The Story of Health which conveys complex concepts about multiple influences on ... In order to receive continuing education (CE) for WB4177-The Story of Health: Asthma -Brets Story please visit TCEO and follow ... Identify protective factors that help prevent asthma.. *Describe how to improve collaborative practice across the healthcare ...
Persons with asthma should not use the inhaled "FluMist®" vaccine.. *Everyone with asthma who is aged 6 months through 64 years ... If you have asthma, you should follow an updated, written Asthma Action Plan, developed with your doctor. Follow this plan for ... If your child has asthma, make sure that his or her updated, written Asthma Action Plan is on file at school or at the daycare ... Everyone with asthma at least 6 months of age and older should get a shot every year to protect against the seasonal flu. ...
Asthma: What Triggers Your Asthma Attacks?. July 15, 2014. Asthma can be a serious and frustrating disease to deal with and ... Doctor Launches Collaborative Asthma Wiki. Mike Tuttle March 13, 2012. Imagine that you have asthma, and rather than give you a ... Fertility Treatments Linked to Asthma in Children. January 14, 2013. A new study has shown that asthma was more common in ... These periods are referred to as asthma attacks and can be scary and dangerous. During an asthma attack, the persons airways… ...
Asthma Mortality and Hospitalization Among Children and Young Adults -- United States, 1980-1993 Asthma is the most common ... During 1980-1993, asthma accounted for 3850 deaths among persons aged 0-24 years. The annual age-specific asthma death rate ... Asthma-related hospitalizations were classified as those in which asthma was the first-listed discharge diagnosis. Data were ... Although asthma-associated mortality has increased among persons aged less than 25 years, hospitalizations for asthma have ...
The Adolescent Asthma Action programme [‎Triple A]‎ has been used successfully to promote asthma knowledge, awareness and ... Assessing validity of the adapted Arabic Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire among Egyptian children with asthma  ... Altitude and bronchial asthma in south-western Saudi Arabia  Al Ghamdi, B.R.; Mahfouz, A.A.; Abdel Moneim, I.; Khan, M.Y.; ... Current health care of childhood bronchial asthma in Alexandria, Egypt  Bassili, A.; Zaki, A.; El Sawy, I.H.; Bedwani, R.; ...
National Asthma Control Program - National Center of Environmental Health (NCEH) - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( ... Remember also to always follow your Asthma Action Plan.. *Keep your asthma under control by following your asthma action plan. ... State and City Asthma Contacts and Programs. *Historical Information: Asthma at a Glance 2002-2010plus icon *2010 At A Glance ... If you have asthma, take steps to prevent getting flu. Flu virus infection can cause you to have an asthma attack. Flu vaccine ...
Asthma in the car leaving the airport when we were driving home.. Im not sure what the trigger is. But this is a new one to me ... My DH and I knew exactly what it sounded like since we both have asthma.. Then DS was fine the rest of the trip until the same ...
Asthma attacks can happen when you are exposed to asthma triggers. We dont know all the things that can cause asthma, but we ... Asthma is one of the most common long-term diseases of children, but adults can have asthma, too. Asthma affects all races, ... Asthma hospital admissions tend to be for more severe asthma attacks and do not include asthma among individuals who do not ... The Tracking Network provides data on asthma hospital stays, emergency department visits for asthma, and asthma prevalence, ...
Kids who have allergies also might have a breathing problem called asthma. Find out more in this article for kids. ... Allergies can cause asthma in certain people. But not everyone who has allergies gets asthma, and not all asthma happens ... Do Allergies Cause YOUR Asthma?. If you have asthma, its a good idea to find out whats causing it. To figure out what theyre ... If you are, the best way to prevent allergic reactions (and to help stop asthma symptoms from bugging you) is to avoid being ...
Environmental factors are critical in asthma. Monozygotic twins have been shown to have asthma concordance rates of less than ... In some murine asthma models, KitW/KitW-v mast cell-deficient mice have a significant reduction in eosinophil recruitment to ... Asthma and indoor exposure to allergens. N Engl J Med 1997. 336:1382-1384. View this article via: PubMed CrossRef Google ... IgE in asthma and atopy: cellular and molecular connections. Hans C. Oettgen and Raif S. Geha Division of Immunology, ...
Asthma Australia is aware there are some temporary shortages of salbutamol (SABA) in some local pharmacies due to higher than ... People with asthma are advised to have access to at least 30 days of prescription medications. A blue or grey asthma reliever ( ... Emerging issues for people with asthma: accessing medication. Home , About us , media , Emerging issues for people with asthma ... New Severe Asthma Medication Listed on the PBS. *STAY INSIDE: EPIDEMIC THUNDERSTORM ASTHMA WARNING FOR WIMMERA DISTRICT ...
How much do you know about eosinophilic asthma? Test your knowledge with this quick quiz. ... Fast Five Quiz: Type 2 Inflammation in Severe Asthma * Fast Five Quiz: Are You Familiar With Key Components of Status ... Fast Five Quiz: Challenges of Severe Asthma * ... Fast Five Quiz: Severe Asthma * Fast Five Quiz: Immunologic and ...
asthma , Chronic disease with attacks of shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing from constriction and mucous-membrane ... Home Health & Medicine Conditions & Diseases Immune System Disorders asthma asthma summary. Actions Cite verifiedCite ... For the full article, see asthma. asthma , Chronic disease with attacks of shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing from ... Secondhand smoke can cause asthma in children. Asthma is common and runs in families; predisposition may be hereditary. In ...
Childhood Wheezing May Lead to Exercise-Induced Asthma. Study finds 2.6 greater chance of EIA as an adult after childhood ... Runners with asthma can still improve as long as they control their … ... Are you just out of shape, or could that wheezing be asthma? Read on to find out. ... Can I Get Faster Even Though I Have Asthma?. ... How Can I Overcome Persistent Asthma?. Combat asthma to keep ...
State and City Asthma Contacts and Programs. *Historical Information: Asthma at a Glance 2002-2010plus icon *2010 At A Glance ... Asthma Surveillance Dataplus icon *NHIS Asthma Prevalence Dataplus icon *2019 Data ... The Public Health Response to Asthma. The Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Asthma Control Program provides ... Since 1999, CDC has been leading public health efforts to prevent costly asthma complications, create asthma-friendly ...
3. Definition of Severe Asthma World Health Organisation (WHO) 1. Untreated severe asthma 2. Treatment resistant asthma 3. ... Severe Asthma Psychology Service * 1. Severe Asthma Psychology Service Dr Jo Ashcroft Clinical Health Psychologist Royal ... 8. Pre-existing MH/psychological Asthma/Upper issues Airway Role of Clinical Psychology Experience asthma/upper MH/ ... 2. Outline  Definitions of severe asthma  Benefits of specialist services  Systematic Assessments of Refractory Asthma ( ...
This site has information and advice on managing and living with asthma. ... Living With Asthma. Asthma care at school. Travel tips for asthma. Exercise-induced asthma. Playing sports ... Asthma Center. Asthma: Live Your Best Life. Athletes and musicians with asthma prove you can reach any goal. All you need is a ... Do allergies cause asthma?. Theres a link between allergies and asthma. Having allergies can sometimes make asthma symptoms ...
... J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Jan;135(1):25-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2014.11.011. ... Copyright © 2014 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. ... and asthma development. In addition, we provide our perspective on how these findings suggest the broad outline of a rationale ... interest has expanded to include study of the relationships of the airway microbiome to asthma and its phenotypes and to the ...
Find out whats going on in the lungs and how to stay healthy, if you have asthma. ... If I have asthma, can I keep my pet?. Some kids with asthma can have pets - it depends on the pet and the persons asthma. ... Whats an Asthma Flare-Up?. You can learn to handle asthma flare-ups. Find out how to tell if a flare-up is coming, and how to ... How Do Asthma Medicines Work?. Taking medicine helps control asthma. Find out what they do and how you take them. ...
A few tools available for effective monitoring of asthma are discussed below. ... Monitoring the signs and symptoms of asthma on a regular basis will help keep the condition under control. ... Monitoring of Asthma in Children. Ongoing monitoring of children with asthma is crucial. Thiswill need a careful review of the ... Asthma Diary. Related Stories. *Workers involved in cleaning up oil spill more likely to experience asthma symptoms ...
  • You may have infrequent asthma attacks, have symptoms only at certain times - such as when exercising - or have symptoms all the time. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening. (mayoclinic.org)
  • These episodes, sometimes referred to as asthma attacks, are triggered by irritation of the inflamed airways. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In allergic asthma, the attacks occur when substances known as allergens are inhaled, causing an allergic reaction. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Because of this hyperresponsiveness, attacks can be triggered by irritants other than allergens, such as physical activity, respiratory infections, or exposure to tobacco smoke, in people with allergic asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Asthma: What Triggers Your Asthma Attacks? (webpronews.com)
  • These periods are referred to as asthma attacks and can be scary and dangerous. (webpronews.com)
  • Respiratory infections like influenza (flu) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are more serious for individuals with asthma because they can lead to pneumonia and asthma attacks. (cdc.gov)
  • Some cleaning agents can cause asthma attacks or other adverse reactions. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma attacks can happen when you are exposed to asthma triggers . (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma data on the Tracking Network provide insights about people diagnosed and living with asthma and about people who experience asthma attacks. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma hospital admissions tend to be for more severe asthma attacks and do not include asthma among individuals who do not receive medical care, who are not hospitalized, or who are treated in outpatient settings. (cdc.gov)
  • asthma , Chronic disease with attacks of shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing from constriction and mucous-membrane swelling in the bronchi (air passageways in the lungs). (britannica.com)
  • The action plan outlines what to look out for during physical activity, what can be classified as controlled and uncontrolled asthma, and how to handle any sudden asthma attacks. (news-medical.net)
  • Mild asthma attacks are generally more common. (webmd.com)
  • Sure, there's quite a few way to circumvent the effects of asthma, but a new development coming out of McMaster University in Canada suggests that radiofrequency treatment can actually curb the amount of asthma attacks suffered by asthmatics. (engadget.com)
  • Asthma UK (2016) stated that the use of Volumatic spacers in moderate-to-severe asthma attacks is as effective as treatment with a nebuliser. (england.nhs.uk)
  • Asthma attacks can be fatal. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People who have had asthma attacks in the past are more likely to have further attacks. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In 2019, around 41% of people with asthma had one or more asthma attacks in the last 12 months. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In some cases, asthma attacks can be deadly. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • To treat mild asthma attacks, a person can take medication from a rescue inhaler and get their attack under control within minutes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • How does exercise cause asthma attacks? (medscape.com)
  • (CNN) -- The Food and Drug Administration announced Thursday it is conducting a safety review of the asthma drug Xolair after data from an ongoing study suggested an increased number of heart attacks and strokes among patients who use it. (cnn.com)
  • and from the strictest observations it is found, that there is no certainty nor regularity observable in the attacks of the asthma. (chestofbooks.com)
  • The book discusses the different causes of attacks, how asthma affects the lungs, and how people keep asthma under control. (readinga-z.com)
  • Nucala is approved for patients who have a history of severe asthma attacks (exacerbations) despite receiving their current asthma medicines. (rxwiki.com)
  • Severe asthma attacks can lead to asthma-related hospitalizations because these attacks can be serious and even life-threatening. (rxwiki.com)
  • Nucala reduces severe asthma attacks by reducing the levels of blood eosinophils- a type of white blood cell that contributes to the development of asthma. (rxwiki.com)
  • It is important that people with allergic asthma understand the role of an antibody called immunoglobulin E, or IgE, which is a key component of the allergic inflammatory cascade that may cause allergic asthma attacks and symptoms. (gene.com)
  • Chiropractic care may help reduce the frequency and severity of asthma attacks. (chiropracticusasc.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates only 54% of children who take asthma medications use them as prescribed, which can lead to more frequent, and severe, asthma attacks. (wfdd.org)
  • Leukotrienes are inflammation-causing chemicals that can bring on asthma attacks. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • Singulair Should not be used for treatment of acute asthma attacks. (global-world-delivery.com)
  • These more severe bronchospasms, or asthma attacks, occur when swollen airways and the production of thicker mucous make it feel almost impossible to breathe. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Right now there is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed with proper prevention of asthma attacks and treatment. (optihealthproducts.com)
  • having too many leukotrienes makes asthma attacks. (womenshealthandstyle.com)
  • If a veterinarian suspects your cat may have asthma, he or she will take into account the cat's health history as well as the results of imaging studies, microscopic evaluation of the cells in the cat's airway secretions (cytology), and in some cases, blood and allergy testing. (cornell.edu)
  • Recent Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) for asthma have highlighted the importance of genes involving epithelial danger signaling and the innate immune response, as well as the more classic allergy associated pathways. (medscape.com)
  • The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA), a not-for-profit organization founded in 1953, is the leading patient organization for people with asthma and allergies, and the oldest asthma and allergy patient group in the world. (aafa.org)
  • The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (AAFA) conducts and promotes research for asthma and allergic diseases. (aafa.org)
  • You can make a donation, fundraise for AAFA, take action in May for Asthma and Allergy Awareness Month, and join a community to get the help and support you need. (aafa.org)
  • One is the trend by FPs and GPs to treat allergy and asthma patients instead of referring them out. (practicebuilders.com)
  • In short, you need allergy & asthma marketing to stand out from the crowd. (practicebuilders.com)
  • As a highly experienced team of medical marketing experts, we take a strategic and comprehensive approach when developing an effective allergy/asthma marketing plan that brings you targeted and high-paying patients. (practicebuilders.com)
  • Our cutting-edge allergy and asthma practice marketing services are results-oriented and will help you build a dream practice. (practicebuilders.com)
  • For decades, our marketing specialists and strategists have worked with allergy and asthma practitioners to help them grow their practices by acquiring more patients, enhancing their online reputation and helping them stand apart from competitors. (practicebuilders.com)
  • Dr. Tom Casale, the executive vice president of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, said he will recommend that his patients who are on the drug remain on it. (cnn.com)
  • The 1980s and 1990s saw large increases in the incidence of allergy-triggered asthma in many developed countries. (newscientist.com)
  • This approval offers patients with severe asthma an additional therapy when current treatments cannot maintain adequate control of their asthma," said Badrul Chowdhury, M.D., Ph.D., director of the Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Rheumatology Products in the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. (rxwiki.com)
  • 1. With conflicting data on early life exposure to pets, no general recommendation can be made with regard to avoiding pets for primary prevention of allergy and asthma (level III). (cmaj.ca)
  • The Allergy and Immunology Department at Cleveland Clinic Florida offers comprehensive and evidence-based care of asthma in both children and adults. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • A survey conducted by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America found that 81 percent of the general population, and more than half of asthma sufferers (63 percent), were unaware that the most common form of asthma is allergic asthma. (gene.com)
  • Malia Obama peanut allergy: EpiPen bill for schools and asthma. (slate.com)
  • When I was a kid, the best my parents could do when I was in the midst of an allergy-triggered asthma attack-which feels like breathing through meat-was keep the mood light while an ambulance careened toward our address. (slate.com)
  • Among the nearly 1,000 patients in the DENALI trial, those in the albuterol-budesonide groups had numerically fewer asthma deteriorations over 12 weeks when compared with either the albuterol monotherapy or placebo groups (0.8-0.9 vs 1.4-1.6 per patient, respectively), said Bradley Chipps, MD, of Capital Allergy & Respiratory Disease Center in Sacramento, California. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The combination of albuterol-budesonide is being developed as an as-needed treatment for asthma, but the constraints of the clinical trial required a four-times-a-day treatment protocol, he said in a presentation at the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) annual meeting. (medpagetoday.com)
  • ACAAI session moderator and meeting program chair Brian Kelly, MD, of Midwest Allergy and Asthma Clinic in Omaha, Nebraska, told MedPage Today that the findings were "a potential game-changer. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester or Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester's Affiliates, have obtained the rights to use the photographs via license agreements with certain third party stock photography companies, and Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester or Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester's Affiliates use of the photographs is in compliance with the terms of those license agreements. (aair.info)
  • The Models do not personally endorse Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester, or any products, services, causes, or endeavors associated with, or provided by, Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester or any of Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester's Affiliates. (aair.info)
  • Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester, Allergy Asthma Immunology of Rochester's Affiliates, their respective officers, directors, employees, agents and/or independent contractors assume no liability for any consequence relating directly or indirectly to the use of the photographs showing the Models on this website. (aair.info)
  • Allergy and asthma proceedings / State Allergy Societies. (bvs.br)
  • Allergy asthma proc. (bvs.br)
  • This fact sheet discusses how allergies affect individuals with asthma and allergy testing. (cdc.gov)
  • He has partnered with the Allergy and Asthma Foundation of America to raise awareness about the widespread condition. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The allergy specialists at Atlanta Allergy & Asthma are experts in identifying what is causing your symptoms and recommending a treatment plan that will significantly improve your life. (atlantaallergy.com)
  • Stay up to date with daily pollen counts delivered to your inbox from Atlanta Allergy & Asthma. (atlantaallergy.com)
  • Allergy & Asthma Care, P.A. (allergycarekc.com)
  • In order to diagnose asthma, the allergy specialist will have the patient undergo both a check-up, where he will monitor his breathing by means of the phonendoscope and listen to the description of the symptoms, and a respiratory function test, using a standard bronchodilation test, or, if he deems it necessary, a bronchoconstriction test with methacholine, as well as other patient-specific respiratory function tests. (breathinglabs.com)
  • People with moderate to severe asthma, particularly if not well-controlled, might be at higher risk of getting very sick from COVID-19. (cdc.gov)
  • Prevalence rates of asthma and of severe asthma symptoms decreased with increasing age. (who.int)
  • 1. Severe Asthma Psychology Service Dr Jo Ashcroft Clinical Health Psychologist Royal Brompton Hospital DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in this presentation are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views and policy of PLAN(Pan London Airways Network). (slideshare.net)
  • 3. Definition of Severe Asthma World Health Organisation (WHO) 1. (slideshare.net)
  • Untreated severe asthma 2. (slideshare.net)
  • Difficult to treat (but potentially responsive) asthma Innovative Medicine Initiative (IMI) "problematic asthma" » Difficult asthma Disease may not be severe, poor control due to adherence/treatment of confounders » Severe Refractory asthma Persistent poor control, freq exacerbations with adherence, treatment co- morbidities Majority of severe asthma pts have freq. (slideshare.net)
  • Unsupervised phenotyping of Severe Asthma Research Program participants using expanded lung data. (nature.com)
  • Severe asthma can cause trouble talking or being active. (webmd.com)
  • Your symptoms may also vary from one asthma attack to the next, being mild during one and severe during another. (webmd.com)
  • It is important to recognize and treat even mild asthma symptoms to help you prevent severe episodes and keep asthma under better control. (webmd.com)
  • Around 5-10% of people in the U.S. with asthma have severe asthma , which does not respond to the usual medications. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Doctors do not yet know why some people develop severe asthma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Xolair is approved for use by adults and adolescents (12 and older) with moderate to severe persistent asthma who react to a perennial airborne allergen and whose symptoms are not well controlled with inhaled corticosteroids. (cnn.com)
  • The study that raised the questions is called 'Evaluating the Clinical Effectiveness and Long-Term Safety in Patients with Moderate to Severe Asthma' -- EXCELS for short. (cnn.com)
  • The patients being treated with Xolair, it said, 'had more severe asthma' and related conditions. (cnn.com)
  • Asthma is only considered a life-threatening condition in severe cases or when it is left untreated. (vetinfo.com)
  • In the event of a severe asthma attack, a small dose of pure adrenalin can reverse life-threatening effects very quickly. (vetinfo.com)
  • He was having a severe asthma attack and could barely catch his breath! (emofree.com)
  • The safety and efficacy of Nucala were established in three double-blind, randomized, placebo‑controlled trials in patients with severe asthma on currently available therapies. (rxwiki.com)
  • Compared with placebo, patients with severe asthma receiving Nucala had fewer exacerbations requiring hospitalization and/or emergency department visits, and a longer time to the first exacerbation. (rxwiki.com)
  • In addition, patients with severe asthma receiving Nucala experienced greater reductions in their daily maintenance oral corticosteroid dose, while maintaining asthma control compared with patients receiving placebo. (rxwiki.com)
  • Access to modern biologic therapies that can help manage severe, difficult-to-control asthma. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Patients with severe asthma have a decreased quality of life and are at risk of serious complications from their disease. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Modern treatments that work directly through the immune system offer hope to patients with severe, difficult-to-control asthma. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • According to the "Real-World Evaluation of Asthma Control and Treatment" (REACT) study, more than half (55 percent) of Americans with moderate-to-severe asthma self reported they do not have their asthma symptoms under control despite the fact that most had health insurance and regular doctor visits. (gene.com)
  • An investigational fixed-dose combination of a short-acting beta 2 -adrenergic agonist and an inhaled corticosteroid appeared to slow the deterioration in lung function and reduce severe exacerbations for patients with mild-to-moderate asthma, according to an exploratory analysis of a phase III trial. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The current study sought to look specifically at whether the combination product had a favorable effect on the exploratory objectives of preventing deterioration and severe asthma exacerbations. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Chipps B, et al "Effects of albuterol-budesonide on asthma deteriorations and severe exacerbations in mild-to-moderate asthma: DENALI exploratory endpoints" ACAAI 2022. (medpagetoday.com)
  • However, these results reinforce the role of eosinophils in severe asthma disease biology and the importance of defining the right blood eosinophil cutoff point for patient selection. (tevausa.com)
  • CINQAIR (reslizumab) Injection is an interleukin-5 antagonist monoclonal antibody (IgG4 kappa) indicated for add-on maintenance treatment of patients with severe asthma aged 18 years and older, and with an eosinophilic phenotype. (tevausa.com)
  • Once severe asthma is controlled, patients should be maintained on the current regimen for 3-6 months , and therapy de-escalated with supervision if stability persists. (medscape.com)
  • For more on the GINA 2022 update on severe asthma , refer to Part E of the report, beginning on page 104. (medscape.com)
  • Learn more about managing severe asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Fast Five Quiz: Severe Asthma - Medscape - Mar 17, 2023. (medscape.com)
  • Not just Asthma, Severe Asthma! (breathinstephen.com)
  • What is it with chronic severe asthma, self esteem, self doubt or self worthiness? (breathinstephen.com)
  • Think a severe asthma exacerbation only effects your lungs? (breathinstephen.com)
  • Depending on the therapies that have already been implemented at the onset of the first symptoms and the patient's lifestyle (e.g. predisposition to physical exertion or exposure to allergens), asthma will be more or less severe. (breathinglabs.com)
  • It is always important to remember that, although it is a common condition that can often be controlled by therapy, asthma can present as severe asthma: a severe disease, resulting in the onset of repeated dangerous asthma crises despite maximum inhalation therapy, and the need to go to the emergency department for immediate specialist intervention. (breathinglabs.com)
  • In addition, patients suffering from severe asthma have to take systemic corticosteroids (tablets or injections): a therapy with numerous side effects that have a significant impact on quality of life and lead to the onset of other diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis or hypertension. (breathinglabs.com)
  • Biological drugs have minimal side effects and represent a revolution, especially for patients with severe asthma: thanks to their action, asthma tends to normalise, allowing the patient to stop corticosteroid therapy and improve their quality of life by resuming a normal working and social life. (breathinglabs.com)
  • According to the latest recommendations, there is no longer place for the use of short-acting beta-2 agonist alone in chronic asthma treatment , due to an increased risk of severe exacerbations and exacerbation-related mortality . (bvsalud.org)
  • The purpose of this guideline is to maximise the safety of adults and children with severe asthma during the COVID-19 pandemic, while protecting staff from infection. (bvsalud.org)
  • If you have asthma, the inside walls of the airways in your lungs can become inflamed and swollen. (mayoclinic.org)
  • During an asthma attack, your narrowed airways make it harder to breathe, and you may cough and wheeze. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Asthma is a disease of the lower airways of the lungs that affects between 1 and 5% of cats. (cornell.edu)
  • In cats with asthma, radiographs often - but not always - reveal a characteristic bright branching pattern along the airways that is created by the accumulation of inflammatory cells ( Figure 3 ). (cornell.edu)
  • Cats with asthma often have distinctive changes in the appearance of the lining of their airways, although some of these changes may also be seen with other respiratory diseases of cats. (cornell.edu)
  • Analysis of cells from the airways of cats with asthma may reveal the presence of high numbers of inflammatory cells, although these cells may also be found in cats suffering from other respiratory diseases. (cornell.edu)
  • To treat feline asthma, veterinarians will usually prescribe corticosteroids to reduce inflammation in the lungs, with or without bronchodilators to dilate the airways. (cornell.edu)
  • Asthma is a breathing disorder characterized by inflammation of the airways and recurrent episodes of breathing difficulty. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A hallmark of asthma is bronchial hyperresponsiveness, which means the airways are especially sensitive to irritants and respond excessively. (medlineplus.gov)
  • An asthma attack is characterized by tightening of the muscles around the airways (bronchoconstriction), which narrows the airway and makes breathing difficult. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Given the large number of eosinophils in the airways of people with mild asthma, and verified by data from murine models, asthma was long considered the hallmark T helper type 2 (T H 2) disease of the airways. (nature.com)
  • People with asthma have symptoms when the airways tighten, inflame, or fill with mucus. (webmd.com)
  • People with asthma have sensitive airways that tend to overreact and narrow when they come into contact with even slight triggers. (webmd.com)
  • An asthma attack is the episode in which bands of muscle around the airways are triggered to tighten. (webmd.com)
  • Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (also called EIB) or exercise-induced asthma, is a narrowing of the airways that makes it hard to move air out of the lungs. (aaaai.org)
  • Asthma is a disorder involving inflammation in the lungs associated with narrowing of the airways. (aaaai.org)
  • Most patients with asthma will have some narrowing of the airways when they exercise. (aaaai.org)
  • Some patients will only have narrowing of the airways with exercise and do not otherwise have asthma. (aaaai.org)
  • In contrast, patients who have asthma will have narrowing of the airways associated with a number of triggers other than exercise, such as viral infections and allergies. (aaaai.org)
  • Asthma is a long-term respiratory condition that affects the airways. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People with asthma have inflamed airways that narrow and tighten during an attack. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic disease that causes inflammation in the airways of the lungs. (rxwiki.com)
  • During an asthma attack, airways become narrow making it hard to breathe. (rxwiki.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic lung disease that that affects your airways, which are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. (rxwiki.com)
  • Asthma inflames airways in your lungs, leaving you more sensitive to triggers that can make your symptoms flare up. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic pulmonary condition in which the airways become blocked or narrowed when stimulated by allergens or other environmental triggers. (gene.com)
  • Cat asthma is a recurring respiratory (breathing) condition that is characterized by inflammation (swelling) in the lungs and narrowing of the airways. (petmd.com)
  • Asthma is a condition that causes your airways to narrow, swell, and make extra mucus, so it's harder to breathe. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • Asthma can occur without wheezing when obstruction involves predominantly the small airways. (medscape.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic disease in which the airways in the lungs are inflamed. (codeana.org)
  • In the event of an asthma flare, quick administration of rescue medication, such as albuterol, can help relax and open the airways, relieving symptoms in many cases, and some medications may be taken before exercising to prevent asthma from flaring. (codeana.org)
  • This is because infections can inflame the airways and trigger asthma. (codeana.org)
  • Asthma is an often-chronic condition affecting the airways of the lungs. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Asthma is an inflammatory airways disease causing episodic, reversible airways obstruction. (cdc.gov)
  • When you have asthma, your airways can become inflamed and narrowed. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Although there is some debate about the definition, most clinicians and researchers agree that feline asthma is caused by an allergic reaction to inhaled allergens, particles that stimulate a cat's immune system. (cornell.edu)
  • [ 1 ] Data supporting the role of environmental risk factors for the development of asthma include a focus on the following factors: nutrition, allergens (both inhalant and ingestant), pollutants (particularly environmental tobacco smoke [ETS]), microbes and psychosocial factors. (medscape.com)
  • The sample of 3360 primary-school children combination of the genetic basis of asthma was then selected by a cluster random and indoor allergens like dust mites and at- method. (who.int)
  • If you are, the best way to prevent allergic reactions (and to help stop asthma symptoms from bugging you) is to avoid being around those allergens. (kidshealth.org)
  • The allergens or activities that trigger asthma from time to time. (news-medical.net)
  • In fact, allergens are the most common asthma trigger . (aafa.org)
  • Having allergic asthma means allergens trigger your asthma symptoms . (aafa.org)
  • Allergens , pollutants and viruses are responsible for contributing to an asthma attack. (vetinfo.com)
  • While the tissue of the bronchial tubes is more sensitive in some cats than others, any time irritants or allergens are present, the possibility of asthma exists. (vetinfo.com)
  • The most common form of the condition is allergic asthma, which can be triggered by allergens such as dust mites, pet dander, mold and cockroaches. (gene.com)
  • Only 38 percent of asthma sufferers and 27 percent of the general population consider allergens to be the most common trigger of asthma. (gene.com)
  • The racial differences in asthma prevalence, morbidity and mortality are highly correlated with poverty, urban air quality, indoor allergens, lack of patient education and inadequate medical care. (gene.com)
  • Although these symptoms may come and go, depending on your cat's contact their allergens, asthma will not clear up without long-term treatment. (petmd.com)
  • Sensitization to indoor inhalant aeroallergens is generally more important than sensitization to outdoor allergens for the presence or development of asthma. (medscape.com)
  • [ 56 ] That being said, the results of exposure to pets are conflicting as there have been studies that found increased risk of sensitization to pet allergens, [ 57 , 58 ] asthma and wheezing. (medscape.com)
  • At present, we have insufficient data to provide support for recommendations to discourage or encourage attempts to reduce or increase exposure during pregnancy or early life towards common allergens to which sensitization is associated with subsequent development of asthma. (medscape.com)
  • reviews NAEPP recommendations for the evaluation of inhalant allergens for persons with asthma, and reviews NAEPP recommendations for the environmental control of inhalant allergens for individuals with asthma found to be sensitive to inhalant allergens. (cdc.gov)
  • Do everything you can to avoid cigarette smoke, air pollution, allergens and harsh chemical fumes to keep your asthma symptoms under control. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • Allergens or irritating things such as: pollen, animal hair, chemical irritants, smoke and dust can trigger asthma symptoms. (optihealthproducts.com)
  • Can Inhaled Corticosteroids Prevent Asthma Exacerbations? (medscape.com)
  • Purpose of review Asthma exacerbations occur unpredictably, are a cause of morbidity and mortality, and contribute significantly to increased healthcare costs. (medscape.com)
  • Recent findings The aetiopathology of asthma exacerbations is heterogeneous. (medscape.com)
  • Asthma is characterized by symptoms of cough, breathlessness and wheeze punctuated by episodes of loss of disease control known as exacerbations, and is associated with airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), variable airflow obstruction and inflammation. (medscape.com)
  • [ 4 ] There is increasing evidence that airway inflammation is closely associated with exacerbations in asthma. (medscape.com)
  • In this review, we shall describe the definition of asthma exacerbations, their heterogeneity and pathogenesis, and the role of ICSs in modulating airway inflammation, and discuss the evidence to support targeted ICSs strategies using biomarkers to effectively reduce asthma exacerbations. (medscape.com)
  • Finally, we will address whether the reduction in asthma exacerbations with ICSs impacts upon disease progression. (medscape.com)
  • In-hospital death rates from asthma exacerbations are relativelyhigh, according to a study reported in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (October 2006).Although admission to the hospital for an asthma flare is commonin the United States, no national calculations of outcomeshave been completed in this population.Also, no evidence existsabout ethnicity in asthma deaths among hospitalized patients. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Of the 4487 deaths from asthma,1499 (33%) occurred in patients hospitalized for asthma exacerbations.In terms of racial disparities, black patients had a considerablylower risk of death, compared with white patients(0.3% vs 0.6%, respectively). (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Our findings suggest that improvements in the managementof asthma exacerbations before hospitalization (eg, athome, during transportation to the emergency department) willhave the greatest benefit in further reducing the overall risk ofdeath and in eliminating race disparities in asthma deaths,' concluded the researchers. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • In trying to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, we've also prevented the transmission of these other seasonal viruses that cause asthma exacerbations," Schroeder says. (wfdd.org)
  • Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd., (NYSE and TASE: TEVA) today announced that a Phase III registration study evaluating subcutaneously administered reslizumab (110 mg) in a pre-filled syringe did not meet its primary endpoint of significantly reducing the frequency of clinical asthma exacerbations (CAEs) in patients with uncontrolled asthma and elevated blood eosinophils >300/mcL. (tevausa.com)
  • Its primary objective was to demonstrate the efficacy of reslizumab (110 mg) fixed, subcutaneous dosing every 4 weeks, as assessed by the reduction in frequency of clinical asthma exacerbations (CAEs). (tevausa.com)
  • Given the potential severity of asthma exacerbations, some schools choose to stock albuterol. (codeana.org)
  • Schools can help keep children with asthma safe at school by having strategies in place to prevent asthma exacerbations. (codeana.org)
  • Asthma can be controlled by taking medicine and avoiding the triggers that can cause an attack. (cdc.gov)
  • You must also remove the triggers in your environment that can make your asthma worse. (cdc.gov)
  • Identify potential asthma triggers. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma can be a serious and frustrating disease to deal with and while there are many medications that will help treat the symptoms, the best way to avoid an asthma attack is to avoid whatever triggers it. (webpronews.com)
  • Avoid your asthma triggers. (cdc.gov)
  • Triggers are things that make a person's asthma worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • It could be better by fully discussing the importance triggers play in control of asthma. (merlot.org)
  • The best way to manage asthma is to avoid triggers, take medications to prevent symptoms, and prepare to treat asthma episodes if they occur. (aafa.org)
  • A comic book format will teach children about managing asthma, including: what is asthma, triggers, asthma signs, peak flow monitoring, medications and the asthma action plan. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Most people with asthma are able to keep their condition under control by avoiding their triggers, taking medication to control their asthma, and taking medication when their asthma symptoms worsen. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Comprehensive diagnostic tests can be performed to effectively diagnose asthma and characterize triggers, as well as to identify conditions that can affect asthma care, such as chronic sinusitis, nasal polyps, and allergic rhinitis. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • What triggers asthma in cats? (petmd.com)
  • People who have asthma are usually extra sensitive to 'triggers' like dust, chemicals, smoke, pet dander, or changes in the weather that cause inflammation in their lungs. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • This checklist, developed by CDC, EPA, and HUD, guides home visitors in identifying environmental asthma triggers most commonly found in homes. (cdc.gov)
  • Interventions that target a wide variety of asthma triggers through home visits are beneficial in improving asthma outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • What triggers your asthma? (centrumzdravi.org)
  • Treating asthma is less difficult if you and your physician are aware of the triggers that bring on an attack. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • While physical activity and allergies are common culprits of asthma, there are a multitude of circumstances out there that can prove to be triggers. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Allergic asthma is the most common form of the disorder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Some people with allergic asthma have another allergic disorder, such as hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or food allergies. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In nearly 90 percent of children and 50 percent of adults with asthma, the condition is classified as allergic asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The cause of allergic asthma is complex. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Doctors believe genes are involved because having a family member with allergic asthma or another allergic disorder increases a person's risk of developing asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Studies suggest that more than 100 genes may be associated with allergic asthma, but each seems to be a factor in only one or a few populations. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is evidence that an unbalanced immune response underlies allergic asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • While there is normally a balance between type 1 (or Th1) and type 2 (or Th2) immune reactions in the body, many individuals with allergic asthma predominantly have type 2 reactions. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Allergic asthma can be passed through generations in families, but the inheritance pattern is unknown. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with mutations in one or more of the associated genes inherit an increased risk of allergic asthma, not the condition itself. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Because allergic asthma is a complex condition influenced by genetic and environmental factors, not all people with a mutation in an asthma-associated gene will develop the disorder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In addition, we provide our perspective on how these findings suggest the broad outline of a rationale for approaches involving directed manipulation of the gut and airway microbiome for the treatment and prevention of allergic asthma. (nih.gov)
  • These agents provide no bronchodilatory effect but are useful in controlling the underlying inflammation of allergic asthma. (medscape.com)
  • This is called allergic asthma. (aafa.org)
  • Allergic asthma is most common in early childhood and steadily decreases through adulthood. (aafa.org)
  • What Is Allergic Asthma? (aafa.org)
  • How Do I Know If I Have Allergic Asthma? (aafa.org)
  • They will give you an exam and run tests to tell if you have allergic asthma. (aafa.org)
  • If you think you have allergic asthma, see a board-certified allergist . (aafa.org)
  • What Is the Treatment for Allergic Asthma? (aafa.org)
  • These therapies can provide more long-term control of your allergic asthma. (aafa.org)
  • Eating a high-fibre diet could trigger changes in the immune system that protect against allergic asthma. (newscientist.com)
  • But they may be able to relieve airway (allergic asthma) symptoms. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimates that allergic asthma affects approximately 60 percent of all asthma sufferers in the U.S. (gene.com)
  • Fast Five Quiz: Allergic Asthma Asthma symptoms include breathlessness and wheezing and can be life-threatening. (medscape.com)
  • A new study has found that children who use certain types of asthma inhalers end up shorter than normal in adulthood. (webpronews.com)
  • Talk to your healthcare provider, insurer, and pharmacist about creating an emergency supply of prescription medications, such as asthma inhalers. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma Australia encourages people to use a spacer with metered-dose (canister) inhalers including SABA to draw maximum benefit from their medication to reduce the amount required. (asthma.org.au)
  • People with asthma should continue to use their preventer inhalers regularly to maintain good control and avoid any flare-ups. (asthma.org.au)
  • Asthma.net: "7 Ways People Misuse Their Inhalers. (rxlist.com)
  • Asthma UK: "Reliever inhalers," "Spacers," "Common inhaler mistakes. (rxlist.com)
  • The results indicated that 10% of pupils with asthma had an asthma care plan in place, 44% of schools had written guidelines on managing an acute asthma episode, 57% of schools had received education and training to support them to manage children with asthma conditions, and 50% of asthma inhalers kept by schools weren't appropriate for pupils to use efficiently during an attack. (england.nhs.uk)
  • Adults and teens alike admit feeling a social stigma associated with asthma and inhalers. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Fear of having to go to the ER during a pandemic might have led kids with asthma to be more careful about regularly using their 'controller' inhalers, researchers suspect. (wfdd.org)
  • Pine park extract also improved pulmonary function (how well the lungs are working) and significantly decreased asthma symptoms AND dramatically lowered the need for people to use their rescue inhalers with albuterol. (optihealthproducts.com)
  • Without immediate treatment, such as with your asthma inhaler or bronchodilator , it will become harder to breathe. (webmd.com)
  • UpToDate: "Asthma Inhaler Overview. (rxlist.com)
  • If a person wakes up in the middle of an asthma attack, they should use their rescue inhaler. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Long term, the safest way to give this medication is using an inhaler, much as would be done for humans with asthma. (petmd.com)
  • After diagnosis, asthma is usually treated at home using inhaled anti-inflammatory medications daily, with a rescue inhaler to use if there's a significant flare-up. (petmd.com)
  • If you're looking for quick relief for asthma or breathing issues and don't have a prescription inhaler, consider EpiMist by DrNaturalHealing. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • If you've dealt with asthma for a long time, you've likely forked out big bucks for an inhaler and prescription. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • In order to get rid of the need for an inhaler or stretch your prescription for longer, you can buy asthma products online for just $30 or so. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • For example, if you have exercise-induced asthma, you will want to always make sure you have an inhaler in your gym bag. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • To investigate, the researchers examined 65,381 hospitaladmissions for asthma exacerbation among patients aged 5 andolder. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Students may experience an asthma exacerbation while exercising during gym class, or it may be triggered by dust or mold in a classroom. (codeana.org)
  • Schools need also to be ready to respond to a student experiencing an asthma exacerbation. (codeana.org)
  • Here are key points on how a school can recognize and respond to an asthma exacerbation. (codeana.org)
  • An asthma exacerbation includes trouble breathing. (codeana.org)
  • Work-exacerbated asthma refers to exacerbation of pre-existing asthma by workplace exposures. (cdc.gov)
  • They should provide patients with a written treatment plan in order to help patients recognize and manage asthma exacerbation. (bvsalud.org)
  • Overall, breastfeeding had a protective effect with respect to diagnosed asthma and recurrent wheeze among children with an atopic predisposition (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.35-0.79). (cmaj.ca)
  • Patients with vocal cord dysfunction, now referred to as inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO), have a predominantly inspiratory monophonic wheeze (different from the polyphonic wheeze in asthma), which is heard best over the laryngeal area in the neck. (medscape.com)
  • T-helper type 2-driven inflammation defines major subphenotypes of asthma. (nature.com)
  • Eosinophilic inflammation in asthma. (nature.com)
  • Asthma is marked by inflammation of the bronchial tubes, with extra sticky secretions inside the tubes. (webmd.com)
  • that is, after the acute airway inflammation and the hyperreactivity associated with your asthma worsening have completely subsided. (medhelp.org)
  • Asthma is caused by inflammation of the bronchi, the small tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. (newscientist.com)
  • Because the primary problem involved in asthma is the underlying inflammation, treatment is aimed at reducing this inflammation. (petmd.com)
  • If too much strain is put on the lungs and inflammation becomes bad enough, an asthma attack can occur and sometimes be life threatening. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • In a 2004 study, asthmatic children supplementing with pine bark extract showed a significant reduction of inflammatory mediators that cause the inflammation and bronchi constriction that are commonly associated with asthma. (optihealthproducts.com)
  • The most recent treatments for asthma involve the use of biological drugs whose action does not involve the immune system as a whole, but only the mediators of inflammation that cause the asthmatic reaction. (breathinglabs.com)
  • We don't know all the things that can cause asthma, but we do know that genetic, environmental, and occupational factors have been linked to developing asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • Do Allergies Cause Asthma? (kidshealth.org)
  • Allergies can cause asthma in certain people. (kidshealth.org)
  • Secondhand smoke can cause asthma in children. (britannica.com)
  • Asthma is a disease that affects your lungs. (cdc.gov)
  • When it comes to diagnosing feline asthma, a picture is worth a thousand words, so veterinarians employ radiographs (X-rays), computed tomography (CT), and bronchoscopy to see inside a cat's lungs and evaluate their condition. (cornell.edu)
  • Chronic bronchitis, infestation with lungworms, migration of other parasites into the lungs, as well as other infectious diseases that result in pneumonia can all result in signs and test results similar to those found in a case of feline asthma. (cornell.edu)
  • Asthma is a long-term disease of the lungs. (webmd.com)
  • Asthma causes red, swollen bronchial tubes in your lungs. (webmd.com)
  • This illustration of asthma discusses the three main changes that occur in the lungs. (merlot.org)
  • Asthma is a disease of the lungs, while hairballs come from the stomach. (petmd.com)
  • If you're having an asthma attack, a great way to handle this is to immediately evacuate the air from your lungs. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • These vitamins aid in improving the function of the lungs and controlling the symptoms of asthma. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • Do not stop any medications or change your asthma treatment plan without talking to your healthcare provider. (cdc.gov)
  • People with asthma are advised to have access to at least 30 days of prescription medications. (asthma.org.au)
  • A decrease in peak flow measurement over time may indicate worsening of asthma and an increase in peak flow measurement may show increased control of asthma or a response to controller medications inhaled. (news-medical.net)
  • Any of the above signs would mean that the patient needs to see their doctor, who will take stock of the situation and adjust medications and treatment plans to control asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • Current treatment with asthma medications 4. (cdc.gov)
  • Traditional asthma medications (eg, corticosteroids, theophylline) have less of a role in the treatment of pure exercise-induced asthma (EIA). (medscape.com)
  • However, these medications have been used successfully for decades in the management of childhood asthma. (medscape.com)
  • However, anyone who has asthma symptoms more than twice a week, or who has nighttime symptoms more than twice a month, tends to do better on one or more of the regular preventive medications. (parents.com)
  • The social history may include home characteristics, smoking, workplace or school characteristics, educational level, employment, social support, factors that may contribute to nonadherence of asthma medications, and illicit drug use. (medscape.com)
  • The patient's perception of his or her asthma is important regarding knowledge of asthma and treatment, use of medications, coping mechanisms, family support, and economic resources. (medscape.com)
  • Some over the counter medications can irritate your asthma. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • Asthma medications are a necessity, and a social worker can help you find an affordable way to keep your prescriptions current. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • It is important that you are able to afford your asthma medications, and a social worker might be able to locate a hospital or clinic for you that offers medications at a much cheaper price. (womenshealthandstyle.com)
  • Genome-wide profiling identifies epithelial cell genes associated with asthma and with treatment response to corticosteroids. (nature.com)
  • While we await these developments, inhaled corticosteroids remain the first choice anti-inflammatory therapy for asthma. (medscape.com)
  • [ 1 ] Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) form the cornerstone of asthma therapy and are of central importance in securing asthma control in patients with persistent disease. (medscape.com)
  • Current management of asthma is based on the use of inhaled corticosteroids in combination with formoterol as maintenance and as rescue treatment , thanks to the rapid and prolonged action of formoterol . (bvsalud.org)
  • Fast Five Quiz: Eosinophilic Asthma - Medscape - Mar 17, 2023. (medscape.com)
  • If you have frequent coughing or wheezing that lasts more than a few days or any other signs or symptoms of asthma, see your doctor. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The immune response leads to the symptoms of asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Monitoring the signs and symptoms of asthma on a regular basis will help keep the condition under control. (news-medical.net)
  • Symptoms of asthma in the past 12 mo 3. (cdc.gov)
  • Could an increase in dietary fibre reduce the symptoms of asthma? (newscientist.com)
  • This rate was higher in lower socioeconomic classes and in those patients with scholar difficulties and with symptoms of asthma in a period less than or equal to 7 years. (bvsalud.org)
  • Chest tightness or a history of tightness or pain in the chest may be present with or without other symptoms of asthma, especially in exercise-induced or nocturnal asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Kistler A , Avila PC , Rouskin S , Wang D , Ward T , Yagi S , Pan-viral screening of respiratory tract infections in adults with and without asthma reveals unexpected human coronavirus and human rhinovirus diversity. (cdc.gov)
  • Khetsuriani N , Kazerouni NN , Erdman DD , Lu X , Redd SC , Anderson LJ , Prevalence of viral respiratory tract infections in children with asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • Enquiries about future collaborations on epidemiology research of chronic respiratory diseases including asthma, COPD, cystic fibrosis in Cuba are welcomed. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Sometimes parents are advised to start their kids on short-term preventive asthma meds at the first sign of a cold or other respiratory infection. (parents.com)
  • The study's findingsshowed that, of the 94 painful episodes (76%) with properdocumentation of the presence or lack of respiratory problems,54% happened in children with asthma and 46% inchildren without asthma. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Wright and colleagues, 5 reporting on the Tucson Childhood Respiratory Study, found an excess risk of asthma after the age of 6 years with exclusive breastfeeding lasting for 4 months or more. (cmaj.ca)
  • Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways which may be accompanied by wheezing, coughing, and a sense of constriction in the chest. (patientslikeme.com)
  • To monitor your asthma after diagnosis. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Asthma-related hospitalizations were classified as those in which asthma was the first-listed discharge diagnosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Adapted from the 2007 NAEPP Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. (medscape.com)
  • 1. Physician diagnosis of asthma 2. (cdc.gov)
  • The most important step to ensure a healthy life for your cat is to recognize the signs of feline asthma and get an accurate diagnosis. (vetinfo.com)
  • These 2 studies employed more stringent criteria for the diagnosis of asthma than the other studies reviewed. (cmaj.ca)
  • Thus, wheezing is not necessary for the diagnosis of asthma. (medscape.com)
  • In the United States, asthma affects an estimated 14-15 million persons, including 4.8 million (6.9%) aged less than 18 years (1). (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma affects all races, ages, and genders. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma is a common disease that affects 300 million people worldwide. (nature.com)
  • Asthma is a serious disease that affects about 25 million Americans and causes nearly 1.6 million emergency room visits every year. (webmd.com)
  • Because feline asthma only affects roughly one percent of all cats, it is considered a rare occurrence. (vetinfo.com)
  • In Asthma, readers learn about a disease that affects millions of people around the world. (readinga-z.com)
  • Asthma is a very common disease that affects children and adults worldwide, and can severely impact productivity and quality of life. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • According to Brazilian data published in 2006, asthma affects 24% of our children and adolescents, being one of the most frequent diseases in that age. (bvsalud.org)
  • In 2019, 3,524 people in the U.S. died of an asthma attack, which is equivalent to 10 people in every million. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When the order began lifting in late May, the ER was seeing 82% and 87% fewer asthma emergency visits compared with 2018 and 2019, according to a recent study published in the journal Annals of the American Thoracic Society . (wfdd.org)
  • Because asthma often changes over time, it's important that you work with your doctor to track your signs and symptoms and adjust your treatment as needed. (mayoclinic.org)
  • For example, knowing that 40% of the children with atopic dermatitis will subsequently develop asthma, the Early Treatment of Atopic Child (ETAC) study was a randomized controlled trial of pharmacologic therapy to prevent asthma in toddlers with atopic dermatitis. (medscape.com)
  • Treatment resistant asthma 3. (slideshare.net)
  • Such a systematic record can be very crucial in asthma management and help doctors adjust treatment plans over time. (news-medical.net)
  • As discussed earlier, the optimal treatment for exercise-induced asthma (EIA) is to prevent the onset of symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • Many patients with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction and asthma benefit from a written treatment plan. (aaaai.org)
  • The written treatment plan, or asthma action plan, is a useful way for a healthcare provider to give detailed instructions about how to treat asthma. (aaaai.org)
  • School nurses from Shropshire Community Health NHS Trust addressed unwarranted variation in the support and treatment of children with asthma in schools by developing and implementing asthma management guidance. (england.nhs.uk)
  • This has led to improved knowledge and confidence in school staff, which has improved the care and treatment of children with asthma, leading to better health outcomes. (england.nhs.uk)
  • Asthma tends to get worse over time, and if a person is having symptoms at night, they may need to update their treatment plan to better manage their symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Storms W. Update on montelukast and its role in the treatment of asthma, allergic rhinitis and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. (medscape.com)
  • In a case where asthma is not a chronic condition and simply a response to an environmental irritant, the only treatment necessary may be to reduce the amount of exposure to the irritant. (vetinfo.com)
  • However, the ultimate treatment of feline asthma is the reduction of mucous buildup in the bronchial tubes. (vetinfo.com)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Nucala ( mepolizumab ) for use with other asthma medicines for the maintenance treatment of asthma in patients age 12 years and older. (rxwiki.com)
  • Nucala or a placebo was administered to patients every four weeks as an add-on asthma treatment. (rxwiki.com)
  • Proper treatment can improve these symptoms and avoid complications of asthma. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Although there are many treatment options available for this disease, in 2016 it's estimated that 420,000 people died from complications of asthma, highlighting the need for proper control of this illness. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Why Choose Cleveland Clinic Florida for Asthma Treatment? (clevelandclinic.org)
  • With proper care, the vast majority of cats with asthma will respond to treatment and experience only occasional flare-ups of symptoms. (petmd.com)
  • CAACP provided funding to seven inner-city sites to support the translation of scientific advances in the treatment of asthma into innovative, comprehensive approaches to improve asthma control among urban children up to 18 years of age in underserved communities with a high asthma burden. (cdc.gov)
  • Singulair is a leukotriene (loo-koe-TRY-een) inhibitor which used for the treatment of asthma, the prevention of exercise-induced asthma, and allergic rhinitis (sneezing, stuffy nose, runny nose, itching of the nose, and outdoor and indoor allergies). (global-world-delivery.com)
  • If you think you may be suffering from asthma, it is recommended that you schedule an appointment with a pulmonologist to discuss treatment options. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Overusing asthma medication can cause side effects and may make your asthma worse. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The U.K.'s National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) this weekend issued a draft guidance stating that it does not recommend omalizumab, an asthma medication marketed as Xolair by Novartis Pharmaceuticals. (webpronews.com)
  • To help us monitor the situation, if you are unable to purchase asthma reliever medication at your local pharmacy, please advise Asthma Australia via this form or call 1800 ASTHMA . (asthma.org.au)
  • It is further recommended that children use spacer devices for administration of all their asthma medication ( National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), 2012 ). (england.nhs.uk)
  • Adjusting the timing of asthma medication may help. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Thestudy's findings indicated that overalladherence to asthma medication wassuboptimal, but it was considerablyworse in patients with elevated levels ofdepressive markers. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • The cost to treat a cat with asthma depends on which medication your vet prescribes, where you choose to have that prescription filled, and the severity of the asthma. (petmd.com)
  • The 77th Texas Legislature enacted House Bill 1688, which amends the Education Code to entitle a student with asthma to possess and self-administer prescription asthma medication while on school property or at a school-related event or activity. (misd.gs)
  • The bill specified the conditions under which a student is entitled to possess and self-administer asthma medication. (misd.gs)
  • If a physician feels it is medically necessary for a student with asthma to carry and self-administer prescription asthma medication, the student must have an asthma action plan signed by the physician and parent on file. (misd.gs)
  • Asthma is sometimes part of a series of allergic disorders, referred to as the atopic march. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Development of these conditions typically follows a pattern, beginning with eczema ( atopic dermatitis ), followed by food allergies, then hay fever, and finally asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • However, not all individuals with asthma have progressed through the atopic march, and not all individuals with one allergic disease will develop others. (medlineplus.gov)
  • We determined the prevalence and risk factors of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema in 3000 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in Urmia, Islamic Republic of Iran. (who.int)
  • Allergists are frequently faced with patients simultaneously suffering from 3 diseases - asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis, a constellation recognized as the "atopic triad. (jci.org)
  • Asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis are almost invariably accompanied by elevated levels of IgE. (jci.org)
  • Humbert, M., Durham, S.R. & Ying, S. IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA and protein in bronchial biopsies from patients with atopic and non-atopic asthma: evidence against "intrinsic" asthma being a distinct immunopathologic entity. (nature.com)
  • Predominant Th2-like bronchoalveolar T lymphocyte population in atopic asthma. (nature.com)
  • 5. In infants and children who are atopic, but do not have asthma, data are insufficient for physicians to recommend other specific preventive strategies (level II). (cmaj.ca)
  • The effect (OR 8.7, 95% CI 3.4-22.2) was confined to those who were atopic (positive skin-prick test) and whose mother had asthma. (cmaj.ca)
  • Retrieved on December 10, 2022 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Monitoring-Asthma.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • We review multiple environmental, biologic and sociologic factors that may be important in the development of asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Better understanding of the complex gene-environment interactions involved in the development of asthma will provide insight into personalized interventions for asthma prevention. (medscape.com)
  • Identify the risk factors for the development of asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • It has been assumed that breastfeeding is preventative against early childhood wheezing and the subsequent development of asthma and that exposure to pets is a risk factor for the development of asthma. (cmaj.ca)
  • The study, published Wednesday in the journal Med, found that sugars in breast milk, which make up about 20 per cent of its indigestible carbohydrates, promote the growth of the B. infantis bacteria to help make other bacteria in order to train the immune system and prevent the development of asthma and allergies. (clearwatertimes.com)
  • Data suggest a direct relationship between exposure to increasing concentration of HDMs, sensitization and the development of asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Singulair blocks substances in the body called leukotrienes, which are responsible for development of asthma and allergic rhinitis. (global-world-delivery.com)
  • CDC's National Asthma Control Program works to help Americans with asthma achieve better health and improved quality of life. (cdc.gov)
  • The increasing prevalence of asthma also may be an indication of increased population risk for the development of other chronic non-communicable autoimmune diseases. (medscape.com)
  • A Story of Health: Asthma is one module in The Story of Health which conveys complex concepts about multiple influences on health through a family reunion scenario, allowing stories to emerge about family members with a range of diseases, which we will explore from a case study perspective. (cdc.gov)
  • Deaths attributed to asthma were based on the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9), codes 493.0-493.9. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma is one of the most common long-term diseases of children, but adults can have asthma, too. (cdc.gov)
  • We teach the general public about asthma and allergic diseases. (aafa.org)
  • AAFA can connect you to all of the information and resources you need to help you learn more about asthma and allergic diseases. (aafa.org)
  • No one forbade the body to suffer from several diseases at once, for example, colds and bronchial asthma, or osteochondrosis and arthritis, or dermatitis and psoriasis. (ventolin-albuterol.com)
  • It accounts ated the severity of asthma symptoms in for a large number of lost school days and our study group. (who.int)
  • Based on the severity of asthma in different patients, doctors may recommend use of a self-monitoring device called the peak flow meter. (news-medical.net)
  • According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 7.8% of the United States population has asthma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as of 2013, more than 22 million people in the U.S. have asthma, and there are more than 400,000 asthma-related hospitalizations each year. (rxwiki.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) more than 25 million Americans have asthmas. (optihealthproducts.com)
  • Increased asthma symptoms resulting in hospital admission or clinic visit 3. (cdc.gov)
  • Some people refer to asthma as " bronchial asthma . (webmd.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Editorial: Bronchial asthma. (who.int)
  • Editorial: Bronchial asthma. (who.int)
  • Figure 2: Relative roles of T H 2 cells and ILC2 cells in two forms of eosinophilic asthma. (nature.com)
  • Learn about EXHALE , a set of six strategies that each contribute to better asthma control. (cdc.gov)
  • Follow @CDCasthma on Twitter to learn more about helping people with asthma live healthier lives by gaining control over their asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • If you know you have asthma, work with your doctor to keep it under control. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Good long-term control helps you feel better from day to day and can prevent a life-threatening asthma attack. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Keep your asthma under control by following your asthma action plan. (cdc.gov)
  • These data are collected from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), CDC's National Asthma Control Program's Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and from CDC's Population Level Analysis and Community Estimates (PLACES) Project. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Asthma Control Program provides funding and technical support to state programs working toward helping the millions of Americans with asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • Taking medicine helps control asthma. (kidshealth.org)
  • Peak flow measurements at regular intervals help in estimating the level of control of asthma. (news-medical.net)
  • Face-to-face follow-up and standardized questionnaires such as the Asthma Control Questionnaire helps track asthma symptoms and has been found to be effective in the case of children. (news-medical.net)
  • Your doctor may prescribe an asthma control medicine and a quick-relief medicine. (aafa.org)
  • The Childhood Asthma Control Test (ACT is a simple questionnaire to help identify a child with poorly controlled asthma between the ages of 4 and 11. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Find out what causes asthma, and how to take control of your symptoms. (medhelp.org)
  • Can a self-management programme delivered by a community pharmacist improve asthma control? (bmj.com)
  • We specialize in identifying patients who would be good candidates for these treatments in order to attain the best possible asthma control. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Ashtma Control Test: Can help you and your healthcare provider determine if your asthma symptoms are well controlled. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • More than 60% of U.S. adults with asthma don't have good control of their lung condition. (ahealthyme.com)
  • 38 percent of patients who had control of their symptoms and 54 percent of uncontrolled patients report having an asthma attack in which they feared their life. (gene.com)
  • The EXHALE technical package represents a group of strategies, which, based on the best available evidence, can improve asthma control and reduce health care costs. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC issued findings on tailored strategies that help individuals and communities control asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • The findings of the Controlling Asthma in American Cities Project (CAACP) can guide not only asthma-control programs, but also other comprehensive, community-based efforts. (cdc.gov)
  • On this page you will find resources for planning and implementing program evaluation including the CDC National Asthma Control Program's Learning & Growing through Evaluation: State Asthma Program Evaluation Guide (May 2010), CDC Evaluation Working Group-Framework for Program Evaluation, and Introduction to Program Evaluation for Public Health Programs: A Self-Study Guide (August 2005). (cdc.gov)
  • A 35-page guide to assist asthma program staff in state health departments to develop and implement asthma control programs. (cdc.gov)
  • Authors: Beavers S, Thaker K, Herman E (CDC National Asthma Control Program). (cdc.gov)
  • How would you rate your asthma control during the past 4 weeks? (hilltopsmedicalcentre.org)
  • General practitioners must evaluate, with the patient 's collaboration, the treatable factors linked to poor asthma control. (bvsalud.org)
  • Esta guía de práctica clínica provee recomendaciones informadas en la evidencia para el control de la infección, recolección de muestras, cuidado de soporte, tratamiento farmacológico y prevención de complicaciones. (bvsalud.org)
  • Treating asthma early may prevent long-term lung damage and help keep the condition from getting worse over time. (mayoclinic.org)
  • If your asthma symptoms get worse. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Having allergies can sometimes make asthma symptoms worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • When you already have asthma, having allergies can sometimes make it worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • Your care team will help you figure out if weather makes your asthma worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • If family or friends smoke around you, tell them it makes your asthma worse. (kidshealth.org)
  • An asthma attack can get worse quickly, so it's important to treat these symptoms right away. (webmd.com)
  • By recognizing when symptoms are getting worse, a person can prevent an asthma attack from happening. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Asthma often gets worse at night , although the reasons for this are still unclear and likely due to multiple factors. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Asthma can be made worse by stress. (petmd.com)
  • Warning that if you have asthma and if your asthma is made worse by aspirin, continue to avoid aspirin or other medicines called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs while taking Singulair. (global-world-delivery.com)
  • Cigarette smoke and asthma worse.Avoid vapors and chemical fumes or vapors. (womenshealthandstyle.com)
  • When these symptoms get worse than usual, it is called an asthma attack or flare-up. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Some cats with asthma will cough and look like they are trying to bring up a hairball. (petmd.com)
  • When cats with asthma cough: their neck and back are straight and parallel to the floor, and they don't usually move backward while coughing. (petmd.com)
  • Cough may be the only symptom of asthma, especially in cases of exercise-induced or nocturnal asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Children with nocturnal asthma tend to cough after midnight and during the early hours of morning. (medscape.com)
  • prevalence of asthma among schoolchil- dren in Iraq. (who.int)
  • Childhood asthma is a major clinical con- ed the prevalence of asthma and wheezing cern worldwide and represents a huge bur- among primary-school children and evalu- den on families and societies. (who.int)
  • The prevalence of asthma seems our study was 1 002 004. (who.int)
  • The prevalence of asthma has grown to approximately 20 million people in the United States. (gene.com)
  • Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood and, in the latter part of the 20th century, reached epidemic proportions. (medscape.com)
  • Exercise-induced urticaria, also known as exercise-induced anaphylaxis, is a rare and unrelated condition to exercise-induced asthma (EIA). (medscape.com)
  • Exercise-induced asthma and anaphylaxis. (medscape.com)
  • Dickinson JW, Whyte GP, McConnell AK, Harries MG. Screening elite winter athletes for exercise induced asthma: a comparison of three challenge methods. (medscape.com)
  • Exercise-induced asthma in the competitive cold weather athlete. (medscape.com)
  • Knowing what can trigger flare-ups helps put you in charge of your asthma. (kidshealth.org)
  • Trigger" is a word for something that brings on an asthma flare-up. (kidshealth.org)
  • These tests will help find out if seasonal allergies or year-round allergies trigger your asthma. (aafa.org)
  • CDC scientists and the Task Force on Community Preventive Services systematically reviewed the evidence of effectiveness of home-based multi-trigger multi-component environmental interventions in improving asthma-related morbidity. (cdc.gov)
  • Findings from this review indicate that home-based multi-trigger, multi-component, interventions with an environmental focus are effective in improving overall quality of life and productivity in children with asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • You should stay away from anything you might believe which can trigger an asthma attack. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • These vitamins also help boost your immune system, which helps to prevent illnesses that trigger asthma. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • This can trigger an unstoppable asthma attack. (centrumzdravi.org)
  • Typically, physical exertion is a major trigger for those with asthma. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Without careful management of asthma, some people can have symptoms, like a tight feeling in the chest, shortness of breath, coughing, or wheezing. (mass.gov)
  • If I experience wheezing, coughing, or shortness of breath with exercise, I definitely have exercise-induced bronchoconstriction or asthma. (aaaai.org)
  • Patients with asthma can experience difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath. (gene.com)
  • During the past 4 weeks, how often did your asthma symptoms (wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, shortness of breath) wake you up at night or earlier than usual in the morning? (hilltopsmedicalcentre.org)
  • While both asthma and pneumonia cause shortness of breath, pneumonia is in fact a completely different illness. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Asthma is the most common chronic illness in childhood and is characterized by variable airflow obstruction with airway hyperresponsiveness. (cdc.gov)
  • We conducted a cross-sectional study of The prevalence of childhood asthma has primary-school children in Baghdad be- been reported to vary (1%-30%) in differ- tween October 2000 and June 2002. (who.int)
  • Childhood asthma surveillance using computerized billing records: a pilot study. (cdc.gov)
  • National Football League (NFL) running back and reigning 'Dancing with the Stars' champion Rashad Jennings battled childhood asthma with grit and determination. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Typically, allergies occur in childhood in the area of food, and then change in the adolescent period to oculo-rhinitis and, later, asthma. (breathinglabs.com)
  • By providing a platform for better at-home management of asthma symptoms, telemedicine could help fend off emergencies. (wfdd.org)
  • Management of asthma in adults : a guide for low income countries / Nadia Aït-Khaled, Donald Enarson. (who.int)
  • This review will focus on the factors which may be important in the primary prevention of asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Primary prevention of asthma studies outcomes. (medscape.com)
  • 2. There are conflicting and insufficient data for physicians to recommend for or against breastfeeding specifically for the prevention of asthma (level III). (cmaj.ca)
  • For some people, asthma is a minor nuisance. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Approximately 235 million people worldwide have asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A Story of Health begins with a family reunion that brings you into the lives of fictional people with some of the chronic illnesses that are a serious problem for the health of our nation - asthma, developmental disabilities, cancer, infertility, diabetes, and cognitive decline. (cdc.gov)
  • People with asthma are more likely to have serious health problems from getting the flu. (cdc.gov)
  • The Tracking Network provides data on asthma hospital stays, emergency department visits for asthma, and asthma prevalence, which is the number of people diagnosed with and living with asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • Prevalence estimates are organized by different variables to estimate the number of people with asthma in different time periods and geographic areas, such as states and counties. (cdc.gov)
  • The letters explained the the United States of America, 15 million purpose of the study and directions for the people have asthma, and of them, nearly attached questionnaire. (who.int)
  • Since 1999, CDC has been leading public health efforts to prevent costly asthma complications, create asthma-friendly environments, and empower people living with asthma with the tools they need to better manage their own health. (cdc.gov)
  • Lots of people with asthma are allergic to animals. (kidshealth.org)
  • Such a plan is very useful for people with asthma to make decisions regarding treatments based on the kind of symptoms experienced. (news-medical.net)
  • Some people with asthma may go for long periods without having any symptoms. (webmd.com)
  • In addition, some people may have asthma only during exercise or with viral infections like colds . (webmd.com)
  • Although there is no cure for asthma, people with asthma can live healthy, active lives. (mass.gov)
  • Many people with symptoms such as these do have EIB or asthma, but there are other conditions that masquerade as EIB or asthma. (aaaai.org)
  • More than 25 million people in the United States have asthma. (aafa.org)
  • AAFA works to support public policies that will benefit people with asthma and allergies. (aafa.org)
  • Many people with asthma also have allergies . (aafa.org)
  • Some people use a different device (nebulizer) for their asthma medicines. (aafa.org)
  • Asthma is the most common long term medical condition among children and young people in the UK and is the most common reason for urgent admissions to hospital in children and young people in England. (england.nhs.uk)
  • However, most people with asthma can manage their condition to avoid serious illness or death. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The book also gives examples of successful people who have asthma. (readinga-z.com)
  • The World Health Organization estimates that around 235 million people worldwide are afflicted with asthma, with 25 million of those in the US according to the CDC. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • For some people, beverages like beer and wine and foods like shrimp, packaged potato products, and dried fruit can worsen asthma symptoms. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Everyday in America 40,000 people miss school or work due to asthma, 30,000 people have an asthma attack, and 1,000 people are admitted to the hospital. (gene.com)
  • People who are not able to manage their asthma comprise the majority of asthma-associated costs, with 80 percent of asthma-associated costs driven by 20 percent of the asthma population. (gene.com)
  • Unfortunately, asthma can't be cured completely, but it can be kept at bay to allow people more freedom and comfort to do what they want. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • Hear from people who have successfully developed asthma management programs that have improved health outcomes in their communities. (cdc.gov)
  • The number of people who suffer from asthma is astronomical. (medlineplus.gov)
  • We also need to do more to educate people about asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Have ideas of how we might be able to help you help us continue working with people and families in the Waikato with asthma? (asthmawaikato.org.nz)
  • Infections such as rhinovirus (often referred to as the "common cold") can pose significant danger to people with asthma. (codeana.org)
  • Although less understood than other risk factors, people who are overweight, including children, are more likely to have asthma than non-obese people. (codeana.org)
  • There are an estimated 17 million people living in the United States with self-reported asthma. (atlantaallergy.com)
  • Most people would think smoking cannabis and asthma are a big no-no. (bestmjstrainsonline.com)
  • Asthma and Pneumonia are very common in the United States, affecting over 6 million people every year. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Are you one of the 1 in 13 people that have asthma? (optihealthproducts.com)
  • Chronic pediatric asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: a prospective clinical series and randomized clinical pilot study , Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, Jul. (chiropracticusasc.com)
  • Dr. Alan Schroeder , a pediatric critical care doctor at Stanford's Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, says he has seen a similar trend with pediatric asthma during California's stay-at-home orders early in the pandemic, and in the months since. (wfdd.org)
  • Phylogenetic tree of partial virus capsid protein 1 (VP1) amino acid sequences of human rhinoviruses (HRVs) identified in 29 HRV-positive pediatric asthma patients, March 2003-February 2004, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (designated *), previously published sequences of strains QPM (GenBank accession no. (cdc.gov)
  • It can be used to pull up current and specific data on asthma and other measures of morbidity and mortality for Utahns. (utah.gov)
  • This is an asthma flare-up or asthma attack and makes it harder for you to breathe. (aafa.org)
  • You may literally breathe easier by knowing how asthma, pneumonia, and vaccines work. (drmayankshukla.com)
  • Asthma is one of the country's most common and costly illnesses. (gene.com)
  • More Americans than ever before have asthma and its one of this country's most common and costly conditions. (optihealthproducts.com)
  • A new study has shown that asthma was more common in children born after fertility treatments than those conceived naturally. (webpronews.com)
  • To measure asthma prevalence and severity among children in Baghdad, we randomly sampled 3360 primary-school children and had their parents complete st and ardized questionnaires. (who.int)
  • To characterize national trends in mortality and hospitalizations attributable to asthma among children and young adults (persons aged less than 25 years) during 1980-1993, CDC analyzed mortality data from its multiple cause-of-death files and hospitalization data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1993, among children aged 0-4 years, blacks were six times more likely to die from asthma than whites, and boys were 1.4 times more likely than girls. (cdc.gov)
  • Among children aged 5-14 years, the asthma death rate nearly doubled from 1980 to 1993 (from 1.7 to 3.2 per million population). (cdc.gov)
  • Although the rate of hospitalization for asthma was highest and increased the most among children aged less than 1 year (from 35.6 to 64.7 per 10,000 population) ( Figure 2 ), the rate in 1993 had decreased from that in 1992 (66.3 per 10,000 population). (cdc.gov)
  • In 2016, non-Hispanic Black children had higher rates of reported asthma compared to non-Hispanic White children in some states. (cdc.gov)
  • Explore more asthma prevalence data among children . (cdc.gov)
  • Males were predominant among children with wheezing ever, whereas females were predominant among children with asthma ever. (who.int)
  • Ongoing monitoring of children with asthma is crucial. (news-medical.net)
  • The percentage of children who currently have asthma was stable from 2001 to 2004 for black non-Hispanic girls and white non-Hispanic boys and girls. (cdc.gov)
  • If appropriately evaluated and treated, the vast majority of children and adults with asthma or exercise-induced bronchoconstriction can fully participate in exercise. (aaaai.org)
  • The Asthma Wizard Comic Book is a fun and animated way for children to learn about their asthma. (nationaljewish.org)
  • In addition to school supplies and new clothes, parents of children with asthma need to make extra preparations to assure that their child is taken care of safely at school. (nationaljewish.org)
  • This asthma checklist can help parents, children with asthma and camp staff work together to provide a safe camp experience for children with asthma. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Asthma UK (2013) reported that there are 1.1 million children diagnosed with asthma in England, representing at least two children per classroom. (england.nhs.uk)
  • Asthma is responsible for 12 deaths per year in children under the age of 14. (england.nhs.uk)
  • Asthma contributes to many missed school days, with 33% of children with asthma feeling that they have missed out in school ( Asthma UK, 2014 ). (england.nhs.uk)
  • The combination of painful episodes of sickle cell disease(SCD) and asthma in children are temporally connected withbreathing problems. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • The researchers reported that 35%of the painful incidences were clearly preceded by respiratorysymptoms in children with asthma, compared with 12%who were asthma-free-a 23% difference. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Among children ages five to 17, asthma is the leading cause of school absences from a chronic illness. (gene.com)
  • It can affect children and adults alike, although adults are more likely to have asthma than kids. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • Most asthma products online that have high ratings are safe for both children and adults. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • Asthma is a complex syndrome with many clinical phenotypes in both adults and children. (kegg.jp)
  • In fact, research published in the Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research documented the results experienced by 81 children with asthma who saw a chiropractor for asthma and received chiropractic care. (chiropracticusasc.com)
  • What about the children who did require care for asthma emergencies? (wfdd.org)
  • And doctors have seen fewer infections with common viruses in the past 10 months - infections that can be lethal for children who have asthma. (wfdd.org)
  • A Canadian study suggests children who were not breastfed while receiving antibiotics in the first year of life had triple the risk of developing asthma because they lacked specific protective sugars found in human milk. (clearwatertimes.com)
  • At age five, all the children were assessed for asthma. (clearwatertimes.com)
  • [ 54 , 55 ] In a recent review of over 22,000 school age children from 11 birth cohorts in Europe, no increase or decrease in asthma relating to pets in the home, in early life, was observed. (medscape.com)
  • to evaluate stress in children and adolescents with asthma and its association with clinical and psychosocial features. (bvsalud.org)
  • more than one-third of children and adolescents with asthma were stressed. (bvsalud.org)
  • Most children with chronic or recurrent bronchitis have asthma. (medscape.com)
  • Asthma can manifest in children and teenagers at school and can be life-threatening. (codeana.org)
  • Children of parents with asthma are more likely to have asthma than children whose parents do not have asthma. (codeana.org)
  • Asthma is the most common chronic illness among children. (atlantaallergy.com)
  • If asthma-related bronchoconstriction is present, peak flow levels will be low. (news-medical.net)
  • This means I don't have asthma or exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. (aaaai.org)
  • My child with asthma or exercise-induced bronchoconstriction can't exercise and should be kept out of gym class. (aaaai.org)
  • In exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, wheezing may be present after exercise, and in nocturnal asthma, wheezing is present during the night. (medscape.com)
  • In patients with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, the clinical history findings are typical of asthma but are associated only with exercise. (medscape.com)
  • If exercise continues beyond approximately 10 minutes, bronchoconstriction supervenes, resulting in asthma symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • When summer weeds and pollen are at their peak, asthma sufferers just wish they could stay inside the rest of the season. (webpronews.com)
  • The procedure is known as bronchial thermoplasty, and while the funding company (Asthmatx) has yet to elicit a thumbs-up from the FDA, it could certainly become a viable alternative for asthma sufferers. (engadget.com)
  • dressed further in this review is work-exacerbated asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • It is estimated that between 15 and 30 percent of asthmatics have new-onset adult asthma or work-exacerbated asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • There is a set of guidelines put out by the NAEPP (National Asthma Education and Prevention Program) that includes step-by-step instructions for giving kids preventive medicines based upon their symptoms. (parents.com)
  • Thiswill need a careful review of the impact of asthma on the child's day to day activities, such as play or sports. (news-medical.net)
  • This will help your child's health care provider determine if our child's asthma is well-controlled. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Asthma should not interfere with a child's life. (codeana.org)
  • This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate that asthma-related mortality and hospitalization rates are increasing among persons aged less than 25 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Data were analyzed by race because of previously reported differences in race-specific rates of death and hospitalization attributed to asthma (2). (cdc.gov)
  • From 1980 to 1993, the annual hospitalization rate for asthma among persons aged 0-24 years increased 28% (from 16.8 to 21.4 per 10,000 population). (cdc.gov)
  • Among persons aged 5-24 years, the rates of asthma hospitalization remained relatively constant during 1980-1993. (cdc.gov)
  • Less than a third (31 percent) of asthma patients report receiving an asthma action plan from their physicians, although such plans are associated with fewer ER visits, lower hospitalization rates and improved lung function. (gene.com)
  • or hospitalization due to asthma. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Beyond atopy: multiple patterns of sensitization in relation to asthma in a birth cohort study. (nature.com)
  • Breastfeeding for 4 weeks or longer was associated with an increased risk of both atopy measured by positive skin-prick test (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.42-2.58) and asthma (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.46-3.72) anytime between the ages of 9 and 21 years. (cmaj.ca)
  • Guidance on asthma management in schools was developed to enhance the confidence of school staff in managing acute and chronic asthma. (england.nhs.uk)
  • School staff should be equipped and trained to manage an acute asthma attack within the school setting. (england.nhs.uk)
  • Created for the American Lung Association by AliveTek, Inc., this narrated animation introduces the concept of asthma with vivid graphics and easy to understand terminology. (merlot.org)
  • Asthma is a lung disease that can make breathing difficult. (mass.gov)
  • The study,reported in the New England Journal of Medicine (October19, 2006), assessed whetheror not lung function at birthindicated a greater risk ofdeveloping asthma duringchildhood. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • The researchers found thatabout 16% of those childrenwho had normal lung functionat birth had a history of asthma,compared with 24% ofthose who had less than optimallung function as infants. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Asthma deterioration was defined as one or more of the following conditions that lasted at least 2 consecutive days: 20% or greater decline in lung function tests, need for albuterol at four puffs a day and use that was at least two puffs greater than baseline, and increases in nighttime and daytime symptoms scores. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Asthma is generally believed to be a disease whose inception and persistence is driven by gene-environment interactions. (medscape.com)
  • Each story reveals the constellation of genetics and environmental circumstances that might affect the particular disease (in this case asthma), and brings in the latest available science. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma is a disease characterized by periods when the sufferer has a hard time breathing or getting enough oxygen. (webpronews.com)
  • Although most work initially focused on the community of microbes (microbiome) in the gastrointestinal tract and its relationship to gastrointestinal disease, interest has expanded to include study of the relationships of the airway microbiome to asthma and its phenotypes and to the relationships between the gastrointestinal microbiome, development of immune function, and predisposition to allergic sensitization and asthma. (nih.gov)
  • Anderson, G.P. Endotyping asthma: new insights into key pathogenic mechanisms in a complex, heterogeneous disease. (nature.com)
  • They concluded that obesity, asthma, allergies, cardiovascular disease and many more conditions might be handed on from the mother. (independent.ie)
  • Asthma is a disease that is ongoing and will require life-long health management. (womenshealthandstyle.com)
  • Although most of the commonly used drugs to treat EIA are in pregnancy category C, these agents are often used for asthma, which is a common condition of pregnancy. (medscape.com)
  • While no cat is off limits from developing asthma , it appears to be more common in female cats, Siamese cats and Himalayan cats. (vetinfo.com)
  • Asthma is an extremely common condition with over 30 million diagnoses in the United States. (topconsumerreviews.com)
  • Once a person is sensi- tized, very low exposures can induce asthma, which is often associated with rhino- conjunctivitis.6 Common examples are listed in Table 1. (cdc.gov)
  • Diisocyanates have been the most common cause of occupational asthma in many industrialized areas. (cdc.gov)
  • Common Causative Agents in Sensitizer-Induced Occupational Asthma. (cdc.gov)
  • This device helps monitor the change in asthma-related signs and symptoms during the day or over a period of time. (news-medical.net)