Birth Order: The sequence in which children are born into the family.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Paternal Age: Age of the biological father.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Infant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Birth Intervals: The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Sex Ratio: The number of males per 100 females.Premature Birth: CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).Hospital Mortality: A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.AzerbaijanSibling Relations: Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Eczema: A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Birth Certificates: Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.Child Mortality: Number of deaths of children between one year of age to 12 years of age in a given population.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.United StatesSocioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.NorwaySwedenSocial Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Hypersensitivity, Immediate: Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.Maternal Mortality: Maternal deaths resulting from complications of pregnancy and childbirth in a given population.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Maternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Great BritainTreatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal: Allergic rhinitis that occurs at the same time every year. It is characterized by acute CONJUNCTIVITIS with lacrimation and ITCHING, and regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific ALLERGENS.
With a budget of £100 she was able to halve mortality rates. In 1948 she was the consultant paediatrician who oversaw the first ... caesarian birth of four quads born at Bristol. Corner was awarded the Order of the British Empire shortly before she died in ... She was admitted to the British Paediatric Association in 1945. Corner established a unit to care for newborn babies. ...
International Confederation of Midwives
The Association of Malawian Midwives, Mali - Association des Sages-Femmes du Mali (ASFM), Malta - Midwives Association of Malta ... in order to enhance the reproductive health of women, and the health of their newborn and their families. "ICM Global standards ... and evidence is growing that shows expanding midwifery care is one of the best ways to combat maternal mortality. The drive for ... globally by promoting autonomous midwives as the most appropriate caregivers for childbearing women and in keeping birth normal ...
Population and Community Development Association
At the same time, the PDA made various methods of birth control accessible to rural populations. The PDA discovered that birth ... PDA counter-argued that selling condoms was necessary in order for it to sustain itself as an organization and rely less on ... Initially, the PDA sought to reduce population growth by focusing on efforts both to combat child mortality and to encourage ... It partners with the government in order to target and serve rural communities that the government does not have the capacity ...
Human sex ratio
They studied the birth records to identify the effects of multiple birth, birth order, age of parents and the sexes of ... In a study around 2002, the natural sex ratio at birth was estimated to be close to 1.06 males/female. Infant mortality is ... rendering a causal association between environmental chemicals and human sex ratio at birth unlikely. Moreover, these ... Controlling for birth order, parents' age, and race/ethnicity, different trends emerged. White births (which account for over ...
Women in Vietnam
"The Plight of Vietnam's 'Mail-Order' Brides". theatlantic.com. Retrieved 17 June 2016. "Mail-order bride killed by husband". ... The Birth of Vietnam, op. cit., p. 338. Ngô Sï Liên, Dai Viet sir ky toàn thw, 3, lb. Cited in The Birth of Vietnam by Keith ... male child mortality rates have shown to be higher than female child mortality rates most years from 1970-2000. In a study done ... The Vietnamese Women's Association exists largely to increase the power of the Communist Party, so it is not always able to ...
Crude death rate Life expectancy Infant mortality rate Maternal mortality rate Proportional mortality rate Prevalence Incidence ... Proportion of low birth weight Prevalence of anaemia Proportion of overweight individuals Nutritional intake assessments ... Larson, C.; Mercer, A. (2004). "Global health indicators: An overview". Canadian Medical Association Journal. 171 (10): 1199- ... data must result in a recommendation on which people can make changes to improve health Health indicators are required in order ...
Kittens weigh 85 to 170 grams (3.0 to 6.0 oz) at birth. This is relatively large for a small cat, and is probably related to ... Bisbal, F. J. (1989). Distribution and habitat association of the carnivores in Venezuela. Pp 339-362 in K. H. Redford and J. F ... Infants suffer from a 50% mortality rate. Coupled with the problems they have breeding in captivity, this makes the prospect of ... "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). ...
Mother and Child Scheme
In July 1950, Browne's department formally submitted the scheme to the Irish Medical Association. The Association had ... Some bishops, McQuaid and others feared the scheme could pave the way for abortion and birth control. Though some Catholic ... Problems, such as a high infant mortality, increased concerns and the Fianna Fáil government published a much delayed White ... He exercised considerable influence concerning medical appointments and control over the religious orders whose members made up ...
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
To date, it carries a high mortality and an active area of clinical research. This rare anterior defect of the diaphragm is ... Plication basically involves a folding of the eventrated diaphragm which is then sutured in order to "take up the slack" of the ... Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a birth defect of the diaphragm. The most common type of CDH is a Bochdalek hernia; ... The Association of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Research, Awareness and Support, International Non-profit organization for ...
GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators (17 December 2014). "Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all- ... They affect between 4 and 75 per 1,000 live births depending upon how they are diagnosed. About 6 to 19 per 1,000 cause a ... Recognized subspecialties in the United States by the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists ( ... Then blood tests, electrophysiological procedures, and cardiac imaging can be ordered for further analysis. ...
It may also be known as freebirth, DIY (do-it-yourself) birth, unhindered birth, and unassisted home birth. Unassisted ... The investigation found a perinatal mortality rate 2.7 times higher, and a maternal mortality rate 97 times higher than the ... Professional midwives' associations, including the Royal College of Midwives and the American College of Nurse-Midwives also ... with disparities in death rates from childbirth between developed and developing countries approaching two orders of magnitude ...
Examples of a retrospective cohort are Long-Term Mortality after Gastric Bypass Surgery and The Lothian Birth Cohort Studies. ... An example of a current cohort study is the Oxford Family Planning Association Study in the United Kingdom, which aimed to ... had reasonable evidence that smoking causes lung cancer then persuading a pool of non-smokers to take up smoking in order to ... The largest cohort study in Africa is the Birth to Twenty Study, which began in 1990 and tracks a cohort of over 3,000 children ...
National Child Development Study
38.5 stillbirths per 1,000 births) in the UK compared to other developed countries. 98% of women (17,205) who gave birth in ... "Perinatal Mortality Survey (1958) - Centre for Longitudinal Studies". www.cls.ioe.ac.uk.. ... de Leeuw, Edith D, (2010) Mixed-Mode Surveys and the Internet, Survey Practice, American Association for Public Opinion ... in order to access the download section. ... Following the initial birth survey, the four subsequent sweeps ...
Health care system in Japan
People in Japan have the longest life expectancy at birth of those in any country in the world. Life expectancy at birth was 83 ... In order to cut costs, Japan does use generic drugs. As of 2010, Japan had a goal of adding more drugs to the nations National ... In 2013, some doctors along with the Japanese Medical Association did not want reforms in Japan. They believe that the specific ... followed by a large reduction in stroke mortality rates after the mid-60s. In 2008 the number of acute care beds per 1000 total ...
African Americans and birth control
... the Women's Political Association of Harlem was the first African American women's club to schedule lectures on birth control. ... quick to believe that targeted birth control was part of a governmental plot to reduce the number of blacks in America in order ... then there would be a chance that the infant mortality rates would decrease. Schuyler observed, "If twenty-five percent of the ... Despite their anti-birth control views in the 1960s, in later decades, the party adopted birth control and abortion rhetoric ...
Challenges of the World Medical Association" (PDF). Japan Medical Association Journal. Retrieved 29 October 2015. Richard P. ... In some cases the fetus could also inherit or be in the order of succession. In the Byzantine Empire, fetus was regarded as a ... The use of tobacco products or exposure to secondhand smoke during pregnancy has been linked to low birth weight. Governor Mike ... considered adopting a smoking ban for pregnant women in 2006 with the aim of reducing infant mortality. No U.S. state has ...
Paternal age effect
There was no association of paternal age with preterm births or with small for gestational age births. Schizophrenia is thought ... A 2008 paper found a U-shaped association between paternal age and the overall mortality rate in children (i.e., mortality rate ... Weinberg "made no distinction between paternal age, maternal age and birth order" in his hypothesis. In 1953, Krooth used the ... In many of these, the statistical evidence of association is weak, and the association may be related by confounding factors, ...
The historical level of maternal deaths is probably around 1 in 100 births. Mortality rates reached very high levels in ... Septic risk factors for each condition are listed in order of the postpartum day (PPD) on which the condition generally occurs ... Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association. 14 (1): 35-9. doi:10.5152/jtgga.2013.08. PMC 3881728 . PMID 24592068. ... 8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 ...
... several individual studies demonstrated an association with outcomes such as perinatal mortality and preterm birth. ... When multiple effects occur in a specified order, it is known as a sequence. When the order is not known, it is a syndrome. ... A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause. Birth defects ... "Birth Defects". Dec 15, 2015. Retrieved 17 Jan 2016.. *^ a b c d "Birth Defects: Condition Information". www.nichd.nih.gov. ...
When the writer Mary Wollstonecraft was dying of puerperal fever following the birth of her second daughter, the doctor ordered ... Association for the Study of Maltese Medical History. ISBN 99932-663-1-0. Schiebinger, Londa L. (1993). Nature's Body: Gender ... This method did have some effect of improving the infants' mortality rates, though the goats tended to die prematurely of ... Routh, Charles Henry F. (1860). Infant feeding and its influence on life: or, The causes and prevention of infant mortality. ...
Elevated B12 levels have been suggested as a predictor of ICU mortality risk, but a recent study of this found that "[e]levated ... "Vitamin B12 content, all foods ordered by content in µg per 100 g". United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural ... Tetrapyrroles Birth, Life and Death. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag. p. 286. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-78518-9_18. ISBN 978-0-387- ... Israeli Medical Association Journal. 3 (9): 701-703. PMID 11574992. Pawlak, Roman; Parrott, Scott James; Raj, Sudha; Cullum- ...
Intact dilation and extraction
... pro-active technique and is only ever likely to be performed in unforeseen circumstances in order to reduce maternal mortality ... "Partial-Birth" Myth - No, it's not a birth (supporting the legality of the procedure)[dead link] Gina Gonzales as told to Barry ... The term is not recognized as a medical term by the American Medical Association nor the American Congress of Obstetricians and ... Cons of Partial Birth Abortion (neutral about the legality of the procedure) The Myth of Partial Birth Abortion, by Don Sloan, ...
Institut national d'études démographiques
The 1945 order defined the missions of INED: "The role of INED is to study demographic problems in all their aspects. To this ... With the unexpected onset of the baby boom (200,000 additional births in France in 1946), an institute to promote fertility ... Family history survey, associated with the 1999 census (INSEE survey in association with INED) ... infant and maternal mortality. The first INED demographers, mostly graduates of Ecole Polytechnique, drew inspiration from ...
Long-term effects of alcohol consumption
The order of mortality rates from lowest to highest were moderate, light, heavy, and abstainers. The increased risk for ... This association was strongest among whites and among beer and wine drinkers." This is also true for Asians. A J-curve ... Fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS is a birth defect that occurs in the offspring of women who drink alcohol during pregnancy. ... While the mortality rates of ex-drinkers and heavy drinkers are significantly elevated, the all-cause mortality rates may be 15 ...
Missing women of China
... reduced relative discrimination against girls and reduced female mortality after birth. India, South Korea and China have all ... In order to leave themselves opportunities to have sons and avoid paying penalties on over-quota children, some parents in ... Population Association of America. Retrieved 29 September 2017. Poston, L. D., & Glover, S. K. (2005). "Too many males: ... By 2015 that rate had fallen to 113.5 male births for every 100 female births. The sex ratio has been significantly out of ...
Jungtinės Amerikos Valstijos - Vikipedija
Rank Order-Infant Mortality Rate". The World Factbook. CIA. 2007-06-14. Nuoroda tikrinta 2007-06-19.. ... Rank Order-Birth Rate". The World Factbook. CIA. 2007-05-31. Nuoroda tikrinta 2007-06-13.. ... American Heart Association. 2005. Nuoroda tikrinta 2007-06-17.. *↑ „Adolescent Sexual Health in Europe and the U.S.-Why the ... Rank Order-Oil (Production)". The World Factbook. CIA. 2007-09-06. Nuoroda tikrinta 2007-09-14.. „Rank Order-Oil (Consumption)" ...
Sudden infant death syndrome
... increasing SIDS rate with live birth order; low increased risk of SIDS in subsequent siblings of SIDS; apparent life- ... 8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 ... A large investigation into diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccination and potential SIDS association by Berlin School of Public ... Premature birth increases the risk of SIDS death roughly fourfold. From 1995 to 1998, the U.S. SIDS rate for births at 37-39 ...
Women in Vietnam
Female mortalityEdit. Since 1970, overall child mortality rates have declined. However, contrary to nearby countries such as ... marriage to first birth interval and age at first birth". Journal of Biosocial Science. 25 (3): 303-310. doi:10.1017/ ... "Mail-order bride killed by husband". The Independent.. *^ Pham, Bang Nguyen; Hall, Wayne; Hill, Peter S.; Rao, Chalapati (2008- ... The Vietnamese Women's Association exists largely to increase the power of the Communist Party, so it is not always able to ...
". "Wisconsin Register of Deeds Association Vital Records Fee/Application". "Request for a Birth Certificate". "Seeking ... which are essential to the organization in order to continue with its business-crucial functions both during and after a ... Census Mortality Schedules, Cemetery records. Vital Records and Records Disaster Mitigation and Recovery: An Instructional ... In the past 10 years, there has been an overall increase in global birth registration rates of children under five from 58 ...
Myrskyla, M (July 2013). "The association between height and birth order: evidence from 652,518 Swedish men". Journal of ... The worst decline were in urban areas that in 1847, the urban height penalty was 2.5 cm (1 in). Urban mortality was also much ... Hermanussen, M.; Hermanussen, B.; Burmeister, J. (1988). "The association between birth order and adult stature". Annals of ... Miller, Jane E. (1993). "Birth Outcomes by Mother's Age At First Birth in the Philippines". International Family Planning ...
In May 1973, Pol Pot ordered the collectivisation of villages in the territory it controlled. This move was both ... Heuveline, Patrick (2001). "The Demographic Analysis of Mortality Crises: The Case of Cambodia, 1970-1979". Forced Migration ... French colonial records placed his birth date on 25 May 1928, but biographer Philip Short argues he was born in March 1925.[ ... Yuon was elected head of the Khmer Student Association (AEK; l'Association des Etudiants Khmers), establishing close links ...
Twin births have not been reported.. The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). By the end of the ... Separation of a young calf from its mother can be a major cause of calf mortality. While some male yearlings stay within the ... These are usually loose associations, and unlike the female herds, the individuals are not much attached to each other. ... Births normally take place in areas with short grass when the cow is in the lying position. She stands up immediately ...
Health in Nepal
Under-five mortality:From 136.9 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 39.5 in 2015. Infant Mortality: From 97.70 to 29.40 in 2015. ... In order to address under-nutrition problems in young children, the Government of Nepal (GoN) has implemented: a) Infant and ... There is positive association between household food consumption score and lower prevalence of stunting, underweight and ... Maternal mortality rate was reduced from 748 per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 190 per 100,000 live births on 2014. Nepal also ...
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Mortality for allogeneic stem cell transplantation can be estimated using the prediction model created by Sorror et al., ... Umbilical cord blood is obtained when a mother donates her infant's umbilical cord and placenta after birth. Cord blood has a ... In the case of allogeneic transplants, fresh HSC are preferred in order to avoid cell loss that might occur during the freezing ... In 2014, according to the World Marrow Donor Association (WMDA), stem cell products provided for unrelated transplantation ...
Abortion - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Grimes DA (1994). "The morbidity and mortality of pregnancy: still risky business". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 170 (5 Pt 2): 1489- ... Humans can also chose to end the pregnancy before birth takes place. This is called an induced abortion. Often, the term ... Pro-choice people also make the argument that abortion needs to be legal in order to protect women, because when abortion is ... San Francisco published a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The study analyzed data from dozens of ...
Litter size at birth, stillborn, early neonatal mortality for poodles in the Norwegian Kennel Club. Size. Average ... a b c Thekennelclub.org.uk Archived 4 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Kennel Club/British Small Animal Veterinary Association ... The most common serious health issues of Standard Poodles listed in order of the number of reported cases in the Poodle Health ... "North American Flyball Association - 2013 In the Spotlight". Flyball.org. Archived from the original on 12 November 2014. ...
Bengal famine of 1943
Replies to the Commission's questionnaire by the Associations concerned with tenants, Bar Associations, etc., and their oral ... Regional differences in mortality rates were influenced by the effects of migration, and of natural disasters. In ... all Allied forces were ordered to retreat from Burma into India. Immediately, the demands of the military became the focus ... rejected by both their birth family and husband's family. ... The mortality statistics present a confused picture of the ...
Lower birth rate. *Higher infant mortality and child mortality. *Smaller adult size ... An intensive form of inbreeding where an individual S is mated to his daughter D1, granddaughter D2 and so on, in order to ... there is a positive association between consanguinity and reported cleft lip/palate cases. Historically, populations of ... In order to achieve a mouse strain that is considered inbred, a minimum of 20 sequential generations of sibling matings must ...
2005). "Order Cetacea". Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. ... "World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 5 December 2011.. *. "The Story of Navy Dolphins". PBS. Retrieved 12 October ... Whales are creatures of the open ocean; they feed, mate, give birth, suckle and raise their young at sea. So extreme is their ... Gillnetting and Seine netting is a significant cause of mortality in whales and other marine mammals. Species commonly ...
Delaporte, Francois (1991). The History of Yellow Fever: An Essay on the Birth of Tropical Medicine. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. ... The mortality rate in British garrisons in Jamaica was seven times that of garrisons in Canada, mostly because of yellow fever ... The Transactions of the American Medical Association, Volume IX, TK and PG Collins, 1856, page 704, "Yellow Fever at the ... to establish a cordon sanitaire in order to prevent the epidemic from spreading from Spain into France. ...
Demographics of Brazil
CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality ... In order to control the wealth, the Portuguese Crown moved the capital of Brazil from Salvador, Bahia to Rio de Janeiro. ... useful tool for bioanthropological studies but it can be mainly valuable to control for spurious results in genetic association ... Births and deaths.   Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate ...
Life expectancy at birth was 42 for males in 2004; for females it was 47. Infant mortality was 118 of 1000 live births.[ ... "ICC orders conditional release of ex-Ivory Coast leader Gbagbo". France 24. 1 February 2019. Archived from the original on 6 ... "CAF Member Associations". CAF Online. CAF-Confederation of African Football. Archived from the original on 25 July 2017. ... "Country Comparison :: Maternal Mortality Rate". The World Factbook. CIA.gov. Archived from the original on 18 April 2015. ...
London: European Association of Zoos and Aquaria. pp. 46-49.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j Laurie, W. A.; Lang, E. M.; Groves, C. P ... She gave birth to a male calf in October 2010. In June 2014, the first "successful" live-birth from an artificially ... Fights between dominant males are the most common cause of rhino mortality, and males are also very aggressive toward females ... "Order Perissodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference ...
"Most Excellent Order of the British Empire". The London Gazette (supplement). 4 June 1965. pp. 5487-5489. Archived from the ... In 1979, Harrison released George Harrison, which followed his second marriage and the birth of his son Dhani. Co-produced ... "Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Archived from the original on 2 February 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2012.. ... "a uniquely candid reaction to illness and mortality", achieved number 27 on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart. The ...
Lady of Grace of the Order of St John (LGStJ) (1904) Order of Merit (1907). ... "Diagram of the causes of mortality in the army in the East" by Florence Nightingale. ... In 2009, a stage musical play representation of Nightingale entitled The Voyage of the Lass was produced by the Association of ... Florence's older sister Frances Parthenope had similarly been named after her place of birth, Parthenope, a Greek settlement ...
Irish Farming Association Hill Committee chairman Mr O'Leary said he had no doubt the eagles would take lambs. Since their ... Meyburg, B. U. (1975). Protective management of eagles by reduction of nestling mortality. World Confer. Birds of Prey, Vienna ... In order to offset the numerous chemical and metal based poisoning that humans were inadvertently exposing the species to, a ... at birth. In one instance, a white-tailed eagle reportedly tried to attack an adult harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) but was ...
Healthcare in Cuba
... infant mortality in Cuba had fallen to 4.83 deaths per 1,000 live births compared with 6.0 for the United States and just ... American Association for World Health; Online. American Association for World Health Report. March 1997. Accessed 6 October ... The Hospital de San Felipe in Havana (in 1900), a healthcare educational facility built by the religious order San Juan de Dios ... "Canadian Medical Association Journal.. *^ Carroll, Rory (27 September 2007). "Economic crisis boost to health of Cubans". ...
Rats commonly groom each other and sleep together. Rats are said to establish an order of hierarchy, so one rat will be ... Females are capable of becoming pregnant immediately after giving birth, and can nurse one litter while pregnant with another.[ ... Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States are just a few of the countries that have formed fancy rat associations ... A yearly mortality rate of 95% is estimated, with predators and interspecies conflict as major causes. ...
History of medicine in the United States
Infant Mortality Rate, for Massachusetts. Years. Deaths under 1. per 1000 live births. ... Several Catholic orders of nuns specialized in nursing roles. While most lay women got married and stopped, or became private ... including the United States Christian Commission as well as smaller private agencies such as the Women's Central Association of ... Infant mortality. Infant mortality was the major component of life expectancy. Infant mortality was lower in America ...
"Association of Flight Attendants - About AFA". Retrieved 2014-01-25.. *^ "Association of Professional Flight Attendants - Home" ... on-board births and deaths, dangerous goods and spills in the cabin, emergency evacuations, hijackings, and water landings.[ ... "Mortality From Neurodegenerative Diseases in a Cohort of US Flight Attendants". American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 59 (7 ... of a passenger whom he had confronted on an arriving JetBlue flight at New York's JFK Airport for disregarding his order to ...
Health in India
The under five mortality and infant mortality rates have been declining, from 202 and 190 deaths per thousand live births ... In order to increase the availability of skilled human resources, a large expansion of medical schools, nursing colleges, and ... NGOs such as the Indian Heart Association and the Medwin Foundation were created to raise awareness. As more than 122 million ... Infant mortality in Kerala is 12 per thousand live births, but in Assam it is 56. According to World Bank, the total ...
American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Arlington, VA: ... Abulof, Uriel (2015). The Mortality and Morality of Nations. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 26. ISBN 9781107097070.. ... In Art and Artist (1932), the psychologist Otto Rank wrote that the psychological trauma of birth was the pre-eminent human ... whose recognition is essential in order to decide its correct treatment. Anxiety symptoms may be masking an organic ...
History of leprosy
... that this separation was beneficial in order to avoid infecting the children of diseased parents and to prevent further births ... Chicago: American Medical Association Press. Retrieved 2009-08-07.. *1895: Prize Essays On Leprosy. London: The New Sydenham ... mortality rates were 4% and 8%, respectively). The remainder absconded from the Home, apparently in improved condition.[ ... The Order of Saint Lazarus was a hospitaller and military order of monks that began as a leper hospital outside Jerusalem in ...
List of countries with universal health care
"Rank Order - Life expectancy at birth". The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. January 24, 2008. Retrieved February 1 ... Singapore currently has the second lowest infant mortality rate in the world and among the highest life expectancies from birth ... Are you buying private medical insurance? Association of British Insurers *^ "N. generation surgery-centers to carry out ... Primary care is focused on immunization, prevention of malnutrition, pregnancy, child birth, postnatal care, and treatment of ...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 66 (27): 718-722. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6627a2. PMC 5687590. PMID 28704346. Archived from ... A 2017 meta-analysis found an association between head injuries and ALS; however, this association disappeared when the authors ... However, it can be done in a different order. The contestants then donate at least US$10 (or a similar amount in their local ... A liability threshold model for ALS proposes that cellular damage accumulates over time due to genetic factors present at birth ...
Abortion in the United States
The pregnancy-associated mortality rate among women who delivered live neonates was 8.8 deaths per 100,000 live births. The ... On July 11, 2012, a Mississippi federal judge ordered an extension of his temporary order to allow the state's only abortion ... the Journal of the American Medical Association. 268 (22): 3231. doi:10.1001/jama.1992.03490220075032.. ... Partial birth abortionEdit. See also: Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act. "Partial-Birth abortion" is nomenclature for a procedure ...
"Indigenous Australians Mortality". Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. ... Over time Australia has used various means to determine membership of ethnic groups such as lineage, blood quantum, birth and ... The Australian Historical Association 33rd Annual Conference. Conflict in History. Fullarton, SA: sapro Conference Management. ... under acts of their respective parliaments in order that they would have "a reasonable chance of absorption into the white ...
The under 5 mortality rate, per 1,000 births is 95 and the neonatal mortality as a percentage of under 5's mortality are 37. In ... Governor Abou Baker ordered the Egyptian garrison at Sagallo to retire to Zeila. The cruiser Seignelay reached Sagallo shortly ... "Association of African Entrepreneurs. Archived from the original on 27 March 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013.. ... The 2010 maternal mortality rate per 100,000 births for Djibouti is 300. This is compared with 461.6 in 2008 and 606.5 in 1990 ...
... it is possible to use birth variables, such as birth weight and gestational age, along with mortality data, such as cause of ... Journal of the American Statistical Association. 64 (328): pp. 1183-1210. doi:10.2307/2286061. JSTOR 2286061.. ... Thus, robust record linkage systems often use multiple blocking passes to group data in various ways in order to come up with ... If a value of 0.95 were to be estimated for the m probability, then the match/non-match weights for the birth month identifier ...
"Generic Pharmaceutical Association (GPhA). Retrieved 8 October 2015.. *^ Charlotte Harrison Patent watch Nature Reviews Drug ... Physicians began to think of the Pill as an excellent means of birth control for young women. ... those that a pharmacist dispenses only on the order of a physician, physician assistant, or qualified nurse) from over-the- ... The introduction of the sulfa drugs led to the mortality rate from pneumonia in the U.S. to drop from 0.2% each year to 0.05% ...
Is the Rivermead Mobility Index appropriate to measure mobility in lower limb amputees?
7352614 - The influence of maternal age, birth order and socioeconomic status on infant mortality.... ... 11881754 - Association between autonomic and motoric systems in the preterm infant.. 19197404 - Verbal autopsy coding: are ... 9093294 - Outcome of very low birth weight infants at 12 to 18 months of age in soweto, south afr.... 2924664 - Stable ...
Neonatal care, premature birth, and other infant studies sub-cluster 48
The present study aimed to evaluate the association of birth order with perinatal mortality by birth order-specific weight ... ... To investigate whether preterm birth is associated with elevated plasma insulin levels at birth and whether this association ... The study was carried out in order to verify the effects of piglets weight at birth on their surface temperature change (ST) ... Perinatal mortality in second- vs. first-born twins: a matter of birth size ... ...
Birth Intervals and Health in Adulthood: A Comparison of Siblings Using Swedish Register Data | SpringerLink
A growing body of research has examined whether birth intervals influence perinatal outcomes and child health as well as long- ... Mortality. Finally, the results for the association between birth interval length and the hazard of mortality in adulthood are ... Factors such as birth order, parental age at the time of birth, and birth year may be associated with birth interval length, ... Barclay, K., & Kolk, M. (2015). Birth order and mortality: A population-based cohort study. Demography, 52, 613-639.CrossRef ...
Comparison of statistical models used for assessin... Catalogue en ligne
... and birth order had positive significant association, (p ... Infant Mortality ; Models, Statistical ; Cause of Death ; Risk ... Home delivery and delivery by professionals had negative significant associations with infant mortality while womens education ... The NDHS was a stratified two-stage cluster design where a questionnaire was used to collect data on the birth history of women ... The model with the smallest criteria was considered to be the best fit.Results: The results showed that Infant Mortality in ...
Predictors of Neonatal mortality among Neonates wh... Catalogue en ligne
2nd to 4th birth order (AHR:13; 95%CI: 5.1,33.4); 5th birth order (AHR:24; 95%CI: 10.5,55.2); history of two to four live ... Crude hazard ratios, adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were used to assess the strength of association and ... The incidence density rate of neonatal mortality was 31.6 per 1,000 neonate days, and maternal age, APGAR score, birth order, ... Infant Mortality ; Infant, Newborn ; Infant, Newborn - mortality ; Intensive Care Units, Neonatal ; Ethiopia ...
name:" A. Russell" found 24 records • Arctic Health
Maternal age and birth order were unimportant factors. The association of Hirschsprungs disease and Downs syndrome was seen ... A mortality of 16% among the patients with Hirschsprungs disease emphasizes the extreme importance of early diagnosis. ... Live Birth - epidemiology Maternal Age Nova Scotia - epidemiology Parity Population Surveillance Pregnancy Prenatal Diagnosis ... Genetic association study. Tertiary care mixed medical-surgery intensive care unit at St. Pauls Hospital, Vancouver, BC, a ...
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Viagra online , order viagra without prescription, buy generic viagra online. lowest prices , fast shipping, biggest discount ... a mass in twins and higher-order births the perinatal mortality (8.1% versus 6.2%). Chapter 9 the link between joyful ... Although associations with the energy from your work. Pts at risk of renal function in the pelvis, and or renal scan can ... The study also found a consistent association between cocs and breast selfexamination. The chief worry is a muscle as well as ...
Rolv Terje Lie | University of Bergen
2000. Association between birth weight and the risk of childhood type 1 diabetes in a nationwide cohort study. Show author(s) ... 2001. Maternal age at delivery, birth order, and risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes: a population based cohort study. Show ... 1999. Neonatal mortality in communities using small vs. communities using large maternity units for regular births. Show author ... 2000. Association between birth weight and the risk of childhood type 1 diabetes in a population based cohort study. Show ...
Laboratory Primate Newsletter, Volume 41, Number 3
Sifaka females give birth for the first time later and live longer, for their size, than mammals in other orders; they also ... American Association for Laboratory Animal Science Bulletin [Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science], 30, 14-15. ... mortality, and dispersal in a population of 426 marked animals, and longitudinal records of individual life histories. ... The 19th Annual Conference of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) will be held September 17-22, 2002, hosted by ...
Beryl Corner - Wikipedia
With a budget of £100 she was able to halve mortality rates. In 1948 she was the consultant paediatrician who oversaw the first ... caesarian birth of four quads born at Bristol. Corner was awarded the Order of the British Empire shortly before she died in ... She was admitted to the British Paediatric Association in 1945. Corner established a unit to care for newborn babies. ...
Thimerosal-Autism Link Discounted in RhIg Study | Medpage Today
... multiplex versus singleton births, or birth order (because of the higher risk for Rh sensitization in subsequent pregnancies). ... "Lack of association between Rh status, Rh immune globulin in pregnancy and autism." Am J Med Genet Part A 9999:1-11. ... offset some of the decreased compliance with immunization recommendations which is known to increase morbidity and mortality ... "This study adds to the evidence that there is no casual association between thimerosal and childhood autism," said Dr. Miles, a ...
Setting the scene for life. Longitudinal studies of early social disadvantage and later life chances : Department of Sociology
... status served as a mediating variable in the association between childhood birth order position and adult mortality. ... Also with regard to birth order patterns of all cause mortality in four stages of the life-course (infancy, childhood, ... Two aspects of family structure are focused upon: the birth order of the subject and the mothers marital status at the time of ... The results showed that third grade school marks worsened steadily with increasing birth order, whereas children who were born ...
Chapter 26 | HuGE 2010 | CDC
... prevalence of 1 in 20,000 births would require testing of a very large number of specimens in order to detect more than a ... That analysis reported that the association with mortality remained but was of borderline statistical significance (p , .10). ... Association between initial disease presentation, lung disease outcomes, and survival in patients with cystic fibrosis. Am J ... Cognitive testing is unreliable in infants and toddlers, and hence studies with follow-up of 1 or 2 years after birth (20) are ...
"Three Essays on Household Determinants of Child Health and Well-Being" by Megan Elizabeth Costa
... a high-fertility and high-mortality indigenous population in the Bolivian Amazon. I find minimal evidence that birth orders ... In Chapter 2, I focus on a larger sample of Tsimane children to examine the association between maternal socioeconomic status ... There is evidence of a positive association between coresident grandmothers and child nutritional status in Peru, but in ... Chapter 3 examines the association between grandparental coresidence and child nutritional status in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and ...
Neff Walker - Research Output - Johns Hopkins University
Exploring the association between short/long preceding birth intervals and child mortality: Using reference birth interval ... Residual confounding explains the association between high parity and child mortality. Kozuki, N., Sonneveldt, E. & Walker, N. ... Child Mortality Estimation: Methods Used to Adjust for Bias due to AIDS in Estimating Trends in Under-Five Mortality. Walker, N ... Child Mortality Estimation: Accelerated Progress in Reducing Global Child Mortality, 1990-2010. Hill, K., You, D., Inoue, M., ...
Long-term mortality in mothers with perinatal losses and risk modification by surviving children and attained education: a...
The associations between crude maternal mortality and perinatal loss, compared with mothers without losses, by birth year of ... In order to handle effect differences by calendar time, we adjusted for the mothers birth year using a linear term. We further ... A high number of births weakened the association between perinatal losses and maternal mortality (table 2). In mothers with one ... Mortality, ages 40-69, for mothers with one perinatal loss in first or last birth, compared with mothers with two births and no ...
Epidemiology of Motor Neuron Disease | SpringerLink
Kondo K, Fujiki K (1984) Effects of parental age and birth order in motor neuron disease. Jpn J Hum Genet 29: 45-50CrossRef ... Kondo K, Tsubaki T (1977) Changing mortality patterns of motor neuron disease in Japan. J Neurol Sci 32: 411-424PubMedCrossRef ... Kondo K, Tsubaki T (1981) Case-control studies of motor neuron disease; association with mechanical injuries. Arch Neurol 38: ... Kondo K, Fujiki K (1989) Is risk to motor neuron disease influenced by the season of birth? Jpn J Hum Genet 34: 243-246CrossRef ...
Iberia Parish, Louisiana Genealogy Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki
Louisiana Records and Statistics Information ~ where and how to order information.. Birth. *Iberia Parish Birth Records ( ... Attakapas Historical Association. PO Box 43010. Usl, Lafayette 70504-3010 Facebook. See also a List of Louisiana Archives, ... 1870 Iberia Parish Mortality Schedule (Genealogy Trails). *Index to Iberia Parish Death Records (USGenWeb Archives) ... Louisiana statewide registration of birth and death records began in 1911. Births and deaths are kept by the Louisiana Vital ...
... low birth weight, very low birth weight, infants who are small for gestational age and perinatal mortality compared to ... Much of this is due to twins and higher order multiple births, but a recent review (2) concludes that singletons also have ... at the 2010 annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in February. And there will be a lot of ... The aim of assisted reproductive technology (ART) is to achieve a single most important goal, the birth of a healthy child. ART ...
Ichiro Kawachi | Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
... birth order effects on health among siblings, the effects of marital transitions on health behaviors (in large panel datasets ... Tsai AC, Lucas M, Sania A, Kim D, Kawachi I. Social integration and suicide mortality among men: 24-year cohort study of U.S. ... Vander Weele TJ, Li S, Tsai AC, Kawachi I. Association Between Religious Service Attendance and Lower Suicide Rates Among US ... Tsai AC, Lucas M, Kawachi I. Association Between Social Integration and Suicide Among Women in the United States. JAMA ...
WHO EMRO | Prevalence and risk factors for low birth weight in Jordan and its association with under-five mortality: a...
... birth order of the child. (1,2-3,4-5,6), childs sex (male, female), type of birth (twin, singleton), birth interval since the ... birth order (1 and ≥ 6), twin birth and maternal smoking during pregnancy were significant risk factors for low birth weight. ... first births than higher birth order (P = 0.04); females than males (P < 0.001); twins compared with singleton births (P < ... Prevalence and risk factors for low birth weight in Jordan and its association with under-five mortality: a population-based ...
Association of albuminuria and cancer mortality | Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Ethnic disparity, birth order, and synovial sarcoma. *. Validating breast cancer risk prediction models in Koreans ... Association of albuminuria and cancer mortality. Yu-Sheng Lin, Fu-Chun Chiu, Jou Wei Lin, Juey-Jen Hwang and James L Caffrey ... Association of albuminuria and cancer mortality Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Cancer ... and prostate cancer mortality (RR= 1.40, 95% CI = 1.01~1.95) in men. No associations between UACR and cancer were apparent in ...
Birth order and mortality: a population-based cohort study - LSE Research Online
2015 Population Association of America. Divisions:. Social Policy. Lifecourse, Ageing & Population Health. ... we find that mortality risk in adulthood increases with later birth order. The results show that the relative effect of birth ... Barclay, Kieron and Kolk, Martin (2015) Birth order and mortality: a population-based cohort study. Demography, 52 (2). pp. 613 ... This study uses Swedish population register data to investigate the relationship between birth order and mortality at ages 30 ...
Full text] Determinants of preterm birth at Jimma University Medical Center, sout | PHMT
Statistically significant associations were declared at P,0.05. Results: The present study evaluated 218 maternal and newborn ... birth interval ,2 years, and multiple pregnancies were found to have a possible causal relationship with preterm births. ... Risk factors identified were history of previous preterm birth (AOR 6.4, 95% CI 2.9-13.9), preeclampsia (AOR 6.6, 95% CI 3.3- ... Research examining determinants of preterm birth in Ethiopia is limited. Therefore, this study aimed to determine risk factors ...
International Confederation of Midwives - Wikipedia
The Association of Malawian Midwives, Mali - Association des Sages-Femmes du Mali (ASFM), Malta - Midwives Association of Malta ... in order to enhance the reproductive health of women, and the health of their newborn and their families. "ICM Global standards ... and evidence is growing that shows expanding midwifery care is one of the best ways to combat maternal mortality. The drive for ... globally by promoting autonomous midwives as the most appropriate caregivers for childbearing women and in keeping birth normal ...
Search | Global Index Medicus
... and birth order had positive significant association, (p , 0.05). Conclusion: The best model for infant mortality evaluation in ... Home delivery and delivery by professionals had negative significant associations with infant mortality while womens education ... Generally, improved womens education would significantly reduce Infant Mortality in Nigeria.. Subject(s). Infant , Mortality ... The NDHS was a stratified two-stage cluster design where a questionnaire was used to collect data on the birth history of women ...
Relationship between early life respiratory illness, family size over time, and the development of asthma and hay fever: a...
1998) Sibship size, birth order, and atopy in 11,371 Italian young men. J Allergy Clin Immunol 101:439-444, . ... A study was undertaken to examine how family size at birth predicts early respiratory illness, to report the association ... infection was associated with a reduction in mite sensitisation15 but this might also be explained by an increased mortality ... birth weight, season of birth, sex, duration of second stage of labour, and type of infant feeding (intention to breastfeed or ...
Country of birth, instrumental activities of daily living, self-rated health and mortality: a Swedish population-based survey...
This association remained after adjustment for SES. In accordance with pre-study expectations, mortality was predicted by ... Country of birth was not associated with all-cause mortality. ... The aim of this study was to consider country of birth in ... Self-reported data were analysed using a logistic regression model while the mortality data were analysed by means of a ... In conclusion, country of birth was associated with poor health status and impaired IADL. ...
Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology | Birth Psychology
In order to validate external perceptions there are clear criteria in the natural sciences as to what is known and what is not ... Journal of the Association for Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Health 23(2) Winter 2008.. Grof, S. (1975). Realms of the ... Fox, M. (August 6, 2015). U. S. infant mortality rate stays high, report finds. NBC News. Retrieved from nbcnews.com. ... Mary Jackson RN, CPM, LM, RCST, has been a home birth Midwife since 1975. She has attended over 2,000 births in the Santa ...
Preterm birthsOutcomesStillbirthPerinatal mortalityNeonatesHigher mortalityInfantsIncidenceSignificantlyMethodsSocioeconomicNewbornsChild mortalityCohort studyCancer mortalityNewborn mortalityReductionMother'sAssociated with high mortalityParityTerms of infant mortalityIncreasesDeterminantsGestational agePredictorsInfant morbidityPregnancyDisparitiesDeclinesAttributableMaternal mortMothersDeveloping countriesPopulationPrematureDemographicInequalitiesBabiesAdult mortalityWomen'sLogisticPostnatalInfectiousInverse associationCentersAdulthood
- Therefore, this study aimed to determine risk factors associated with preterm births at Jimma University Medical Center in southwest Ethiopia. (dovepress.com)
- 2 years, and multiple pregnancies were found to have a possible causal relationship with preterm births. (dovepress.com)
- Therefore, similar further studies should be conducted to generate more population-based evidence on determinants of preterm births. (dovepress.com)
- But we still need to continue to work in order to reduce the overall burden of infant deaths and morbidity associated with preterm births in the US," Ananth said. (stylemagazine.com)
- Research at the University of Adelaide shows preterm births in South Australia have increased by 40 percent over 28 years and early intervention by medical professionals has resulted in the majority of the increase. (medicalxpress.com)
- However, plausible if inconclusive studies associate DDT with more preterm births and shorter duration of lactation, which raise the possibility that DDT does indeed have such toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- We attempted to estimate the consequences for infant deaths if maternal DDT exposure in fact increases preterm births and decreases the duration of lactation with the strength of association seen in North America. (cdc.gov)
- We then estimate the effect of that exposure on the frequency of preterm births and on duration of lactation. (cdc.gov)
- Using infant-mortality rates specific to preterm births, or odds ratios for infant deaths by month-specific breast-feeding status, we estimated deaths attributable to the changed preterm birth rate and to the shortened duration of lactation that we assume would be caused by spraying DDT. (cdc.gov)
- A surveillance database like the one used in these studies effectively helps to monitor the most important indicators of adverse birth outcomes such as congenital anomalies, preterm births, and low birth weight, to evaluate the efficacy of medical care of pregnant women, and to detect possible causes of adverse birth outcomes in order to help in their prevention. (beck-shop.de)
- LBW is mainly a result of preterm births and re- Uganda have never been evaluated in terms of reduc- stricted fetal growth (resulting in small for gestational tion of LBW-attributable deaths. (deepdyve.com)
- A growing body of research has examined whether birth intervals influence perinatal outcomes and child health as well as long-term educational and socioeconomic outcomes. (springer.com)
- Overall, we conclude that birth intervals have little independent effect on long-term health outcomes. (springer.com)
- McLanahan 2004 ), the importance of birth spacing for long-term outcomes has received far less attention. (springer.com)
- Our study extends the literature on this topic by examining a range of medium- and long-term health outcomes that have not been previously examined in relation to birth spacing, and we do so using a within-family sibling comparison design that allows us to minimize residual confounding and to isolate the net effect of birth interval length on long-term health. (springer.com)
- There is evidence of a positive association between coresident grandmothers and child nutritional status in Peru, but in several countries households with higher wealth indices appear to buffer children against any negative nutritional outcomes stemming from the burden of coresident grandparents. (upenn.edu)
- Our aims were to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of folate supplementation on birth weight, placental weight and length of gestation and to assess the dose-response relationship between folate intake (folic acid plus dietary folate) and health outcomes. (biomedcentral.com)
- ConclusionBirth order is significantly related to mortality and nutritional status in large African families, with later born children having poorer outcomes. (duhnnae.com)
- It follows that the nutritional status of the expectant mother is among the most important determinants affecting pregnancy outcomes, including the birth weight of the newborn [ 2 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
- In developing countries, maternal undernutrition is a significant cause of pregnancy-related poor outcomes including maternal mortality, low birth weight and stillbirth [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
- A proper understanding of the structure and infrastructure of the oral healthcare system in Saudi Arabia is substantial in order to improve the existing oral health policies and the outcomes in the country. (bartleby.com)
- While the observed associations between DDT and such outcomes might not be causal, the studies are not so flawed that the observations can be dismissed out of hand. (cdc.gov)
- In many resource-limited settings, increasing the number of ANC visits for women with uncomplicated pregnancies beyond four is not associated with improved birth outcomes ( 5 , 6 ). (frontiersin.org)
- Many times assumptions are made about where to focus efforts to improve birth outcomes based on observations and informal information. (amchp.org)
- The association between a single interpregnancy interval (IPI) on birth outcomes has not yet been explored using matched methods. (readbyqxmd.com)
- The association between IPI and birth outcomes was estimated from the interaction between birth order and IPI (with 18-23 months as the reference category), using conditional logistic regression. (readbyqxmd.com)
- The possible adverse birth outcomes of babies born to mothers diagnosed with important diseases have not yet been evaluated in such a material by the same method. (beck-shop.de)
- The greatest merit of these studies is that by analyzing their data the authors managed to identify some new previously unknown associations between maternal diseases and adverse birth outcomes. (beck-shop.de)
- The major objective of our studies in the last decade was a systematic analysis of maternal diseases during pregnancy to reveal their possible adverse effects on birth outcomes. (beck-shop.de)
- With a view to improve neonatal survival, data on birth outcomes are critical for planning maternal and child health care services. (biomedcentral.com)
- I didn't initially ask participants about how racism impacts infant mortality, but the providers I spoke with believe it plays a major role in why we're seeing disparities that lead to negative outcomes. (ucdavis.edu)
- She hopes to improve birth and child development outcomes for low-income, first-time moms of all races. (ucdavis.edu)
- However, comparisons of crude rates can be misleading because of confounding if the populations being compared have different distributions of other determinants of disease, such as age which has an important effect on many heatlh outcomes, such as mortality, heart disease, cancer, infectious diseases, and injury. (unas.cz)
- This module will focus on a technique called standardization that allows one to compute summary rates of health outcomes that are adjusted to take into account differences in confounding factors like age in order to provide a less distorted comparison. (unas.cz)
- Poor maternal nutritional status and substandard antenatal care, which result in increased women's risk, low birth weight and stillbirth, afflict many countries with weak or emerging economies even today. (hindawi.com)
- Stillbirth and preweaning mortality in litters of sows induced to farrow with supervision compared to litters of naturally farrowing sows with minimal supervision. (aasv.org)
- Background Stillbirth and neonatal mortality rates declined in Europe between 2004 and 2010. (bmj.com)
- Per cent changes over time were assessed by calculating risk ratios (RR) for stillbirth, neonatal mortality and preterm birth rates in 2010 vs 2004. (bmj.com)
- Much of this is due to twins and higher order multiple births, but a recent review (2) concludes that singletons also have significantly higher rates of premature delivery, low birth weight, very low birth weight, infants who are small for gestational age and perinatal mortality compared to spontaneously conceived singletons (after adjustments for maternal age and parity). (bionews.org.uk)
- We do not electively manage breech, twins or pre-term pregnancies - these are transferred to the care of the nearest obstetrician - and we have a perinatal mortality of zero. (bmj.com)
- The paper does not reference the source for national figures on birthweight specific perinatal mortality rates, nor for which years the data was available. (bmj.com)
- Indeed, what we found is that the decline in perinatal mortality was largely attributable to changes in the gestational age distribution. (stylemagazine.com)
- This study analyses the role of ethnicity-based birth weight differences at term (37-42 weeks) between neonates of Roma and non-Roma populations in Hungary, controlling for socio-demographic and biological characteristics of the mothers. (biomedsearch.com)
- Predictors of Neonatal mortality among Neonates wh. (who.int)
- Preventing low birth weight neonates and increasing their survival need to be prioritized in the national health strategy. (who.int)
- Results from logistic regression model indicated increase in risk of neonatal mortality among neonates those born to young mothers aged 13-19 years compared with those whose mother's aged 20-34 years (aOR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.34-2.02). (biomedcentral.com)
- We also found that neonates in second birth order were more likely to die than those in first birth order (aOR = 1.85: 95% CI = 1.52-2.26). (biomedcentral.com)
- Male born neonates were found to have an increased risk (aOR = 1.34, 95% CI =1.13- 1.58) of neonatal mortality as compared to their female counterparts. (biomedcentral.com)
- Research around the world and over time has shown an association between birth order and mortality, with later born children of higher -birth order- generally having higher mortality, in addition to having less education and fewer health services. (duhnnae.com)
- The consequences of such bias are significant, since the researchers also found higher mortality among patients admitted shortly after their 80th birthday, adjusted for covariates. (nber.org)
- We hypothesised that declines might be greater for countries with higher mortality in 2004 and disproportionally affect very preterm infants at highest risk. (bmj.com)
- 7) Higher mortality rate was noted in the group of lower birth weight infant, the group of more shortened gestational period and the group of lower Apgar score. (koreamed.org)
- Birth statistics of high birth weight infants (macrosomia) in Arkansas. (biomedsearch.com)
- Objective: To describe the eruption chronology of the first deciduous teeth in premature infants with birth weight less than 1500g and to compare it according to gender and nutritional status at birth. (biomedsearch.com)
- Methods: Longitudinal study including 40 low birth weight premature infants of both genders. (biomedsearch.com)
- Fluconazole prophylaxis during the first six weeks of life decreases invasive candidiasis in very low birth weight infants. (biomedsearch.com)
- Studies of two population-based birth cohorts (1982 and 1993) of infants in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State 3 , showed a decline of 42.1% in the weight/age deficit, a slight increase in the height/age deficit (13.1%), and an increase of 40.3% in the prevalence of obesity. (scielosp.org)
- The recommended growth velocity (GV) of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is 15 g/kg/day. (scielo.org.za)
- Fifty-one infants (73.9%) regained their birth weight at or before 21 days. (scielo.org.za)
- Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are those born weighing less than 1 500 g. (scielo.org.za)
- After regaining their birth weight, VLBW infants have a target of adding 15 g/kg of weight daily. (scielo.org.za)
- [4, 7-Ideally, VLBW infants should receive PN to ensure adequate nutrition, because these infants receive low volumes of enteral feeds in the first days of their life in order to prevent NEC. (scielo.org.za)
- This study was a randomized, community-based trial testing whether dosing newborn infants in the first few days after delivery with a large dose of vitamin A could reduce early infant morbidity, mortality and improve growth. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- have reported, in a randomized clinical trial of 2067 infants born in a hospital in Bandung, Indonesia, that direct supplementation of newborn infants within 24 hours of birth with 50,000 IU of vitamin A was safe (10) and associated with a 64% reduction in infant mortality (11). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The study recruited all 5914 infants born alive during 1982 in the three maternity hospitals in Pelotas (over 99% of all city births). (bmj.com)
- Norway, which has one of the lowest infant mortality rates, shows no better infant survival than the United States when you factor in Norway's underweight infants that are not now counted, Healy says, quoting Nicholas Eberstadt, a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. (drwalt.com)
- Again, the U.S. counts all of these infants as births. (drwalt.com)
- The aim is to determine the incidence of sudden unexpected postnatal collapse within 12 hours of birth and examine the range of investigations that affected infants undergo in order to inform the development of national guidelines for the investigation and management of the condition. (bmj.com)
- Infants randomised to BNP-guided therapy received fewer doses of indomethacin and achieved a similar rate of duct closure in association with the primary course of treatment. (bmj.com)
- Disparities in health care stem from a racial division that begins at birth and can have a significant effect on the future of infants. (ucdavis.edu)
- Gfr at birth term infants is not part of their pharmacologic actions figure. (roanokechowan.edu)
- Result: The incidence density rate of neonatal mortality was 31.6 per 1,000 neonate days. (who.int)
- These have previously been reported as opportunistic intra-uterine pathogens, highly correlated with incidence of premature birth and miscarriage. (medicalxpress.com)
- In order to test this hypothesis, we assessed the relation between the change in prostate cancer incidence in the early 1990s, attributed largely to PSA screening, and the subsequent change in prostate cancer mortality. (cmaj.ca)
- For each birth cohort, we computed the change in prostate cancer incidence between 1989 and 1993 and the change in prostate cancer mortality between 1995 and 1999. (cmaj.ca)
- We then assessed the correlation between the changes in prostate cancer incidence and the subsequent changes in prostate cancer mortality by weighted linear regression. (cmaj.ca)
- We found that even though most birth cohorts showed an increase in prostate cancer incidence and a subsequent decrease in mortality, the sizes of these changes were not inversely correlated (Pearson's r = 0.33, 1-sided p = 0.89). (cmaj.ca)
- Similarly, in the regional population study, we found that a greater increase in prostate cancer incidence did not indicate a greater decline in mortality (Pearson's r = 0.13, 1-sided p = 0.68). (cmaj.ca)
- We hypothesized that the changes in prostate cancer incidence between 1989 and 1993 were to a large extent attributable to PSA screening and that, if PSA screening had reduced prostate cancer mortality, an inverse association should be observed between the changes in incidence and mortality. (cmaj.ca)
- Therefore, we expected to find a negative correlation showing the greater the increase in incidence due to PSA screening, the greater the decrease in prostate cancer mortality. (cmaj.ca)
- We conducted 2 separate analyses to assess whether the changes in prostate cancer incidence between 1989 and 1993 were related to the changes in prostate cancer mortality that occurred between 1995 and 1999. (cmaj.ca)
- 2) The incidence of low-birth weitht infant was 8.4% and there was no different distribution between male and female. (koreamed.org)
- 3) Incidence of low-birth-weight infant by maternal age was in order of the group of 26-30 years old, the group of 20-25 years old and the group of 31-35 years old and the incidence by parity was higher in multiparity than in primiparity. (koreamed.org)
- 4) Incidence of low-birthpweight infant by the type of delivery was in order of normal vaginal delivery, breech delivery and C-section delivery. (koreamed.org)
- Calculate standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and standardiized mortality rate (SMR) for a disease and describe its meaning. (unas.cz)
- The results showed that third grade school marks worsened steadily with increasing birth order, whereas children who were born outside marriage did not manage significantly worse than those who were born inside marriage. (diva-portal.org)
- As for achieved education, the chance of having completed upper secondary school declined dramatically with increasing birth order, and was significantly lower for subjects born outside marriage than for those who were born inside marriage. (diva-portal.org)
- Generally, improved women's education would significantly reduce Infant Mortality in Nigeria. (bvsalud.org)
- ResultsBirth order is significantly related to mortality for both age groups. (duhnnae.com)
- Similarly, we find that a higher birth order child is significantly more likely to be stunted OR 1.08 or of low weight OR 1.06. (duhnnae.com)
- Higher birth order children are significantly more likely to consume fewer food groups OR 1.11 and less often eat fruits and vegetables OR 1.09. (duhnnae.com)
- Immunization coverage was significantly associated with childbirth order, delivery place, child number, and presence or absence of a child health card. (panafrican-med-journal.com)
- India, for example, reports a 28% low birth weight prevalence, which is significantly higher than its global occurrence [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
- A variety of studies over the past 15 years have demonstrated that clinical vitamin A deficiency is associated with increased mortality in pre-school aged children (1,2) and that supplementation of populations with endemic sub-clinical vitamin A deficiency can significantly reduce total mortality (3-8). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The odds of having at least four ANC visits were significantly lower among women: below 20 years, those living in the rural areas, having higher birth order, or Muslim. (frontiersin.org)
- Placental malaria (PM) caused by Plasmodium falciparum contributes significantly to infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa and is associated with pregnancy loss. (cdc.gov)
- This study was designed to compare the models that have been previously used and identify the appropriate model using standard model selection criteria to analyse risk factors for infant mortality in Nigeria.Methods: The study utilised 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) data with a sample size of 7107. (who.int)
- Trouble is, it hasn't exactly happened that way, and many women, like Mochel, who in the U.S. might have previously been considered a generation of fringe neo-hippies intent on debunking "modern" birth methods, are now at the forefront of a movement to take back the control and responsibility of childbirth. (medium.com)
- Methods: Cross-sectional survey datasets from Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys between 1995 and 2011 were analyzed using binary logistic regression with 95% confidence interval (CI) and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to examine associations and trends of neonatal mortalities with respect to LBW. (deepdyve.com)
- Although several studies have examined how birth order, family size, and parental age at the time of birth are related to long-term cognitive development, educational and socioeconomic attainment, and health (Baranowska-Rataj et al. (springer.com)
- In Chapter 2, I focus on a larger sample of Tsimane children to examine the association between maternal socioeconomic status and childhood nutritional status. (upenn.edu)
- Further analyses in which we adjust for adult socioeconomic status and adult educational attainment suggest that social pathways only mediate the relationship between birth order and mortality risk in adulthood to a limited degree. (lse.ac.uk)
- The aim of this study was to consider country of birth in relation to health status, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and all-cause mortality when adjusted for socioeconomic status (SES). (repec.org)
- This cluster disappeared (p=0.12) after adjustment for greenness level and socioeconomic deprivation, suggesting that these factors explain part of the spatial distribution of infant mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
- The childhood form of Hodgkin lymphoma increases in prevalence in association with larger family size and lower socioeconomic status. (cigna.com)
- The young adult form is associated with a higher socioeconomic status in industrialized countries, increased sibship size, and earlier birth order. (cigna.com)
- First-time mothers suffer the most PM, and newborn FLT1 genotype distribution differed by birth order, with newborns of first-time mothers outside of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) during peak PM season. (cdc.gov)
- C ) Genotypes of newborns according to season of birth, shown as proportions stratified by maternal parity. (cdc.gov)
- A small number of apparently healthy term newborns who are in good condition at birth collapse suddenly and unexpectedly soon afterwards. (bmj.com)
- Master's-degree alumna Nicole Smith seeks to understand the motivating factors that contribute to infant mortality among African-American newborns. (ucdavis.edu)
- In the Sustainable Development Goals, there is a target on reducing newborn mortality and providing quality health care to newborns. (thedailystar.net)
- Due to these three reasons newborns are dying mainly during the 28 days after birth. (thedailystar.net)
- At present, half of the newborns that are dying in our country die within 24 hours of birth, and 73% of those dying in 24 hours of birth die at home. (thedailystar.net)
- In three phases we are trying to tackle the challenges bedeviling reduction of newborn mortality and providing better health care to newborns. (thedailystar.net)
- Neonatal mortality among LBW newborns also declined from 83.8% to 73.7% during the same period. (deepdyve.com)
- To our knowledge, this question has not been examined in a contemporary setting, which is surprising given that previous research has shown that birth interval length is associated with the risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and child mortality (Conde-Agudelo et al. (springer.com)
- This creates a potential for reducing child mortality rates. (biomedcentral.com)
- Also it has long been recognized that changes in the demographic characteristics of births are associated with changes in child mortality rates [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- The characteristics most closely associated with child mortality rates are: the age of the mother at the time of birth, the birth interval and the birth order. (biomedcentral.com)
- Data from national household surveys show that child mortality rates are elevated when the age of the mother at the time of the birth is less than 18 or greater than 34, when the interval between one birth and the next is less than 24 months (Figure 1 ) and when the birth order is greater than 3. (biomedcentral.com)
- Previous research has shown that the proportion of high risk births is inversely related to contraceptive prevalence and that the proportion of high risk births is directly related to maternal and child mortality rates [ 2 - 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Or there could be a relative weak effect mixed with an association that arises because both the proportion of births that are high risk and child mortality rates are related to other factors, such as poverty, access to services or individual characteristics. (biomedcentral.com)
- Achieving this goal is daunting for many African countries, where child mortality remains high. (duhnnae.com)
- We aim to investigate how child mortality and nutritional status vary by birth order in Africa. (duhnnae.com)
- These data suggest that increased attention to family planning initiatives and targeted nutritional interventions provide clear strategies for meeting the child mortality and nutritional status Sustainable Development Goals in African countries. (duhnnae.com)
- Cancer mortality was obtained from the NHANES III-linked follow-up database (up to December 31, 2006). (aacrjournals.org)
- There was an increased mortality risk associated with logarithmically transformed UACR for all-cancer (relative risk [HR] = 1.20, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.06~1.36), lung cancer (RR= 1.22, 95% CI = 1.05~1.43), and prostate cancer mortality (RR= 1.40, 95% CI = 1.01~1.95) in men. (aacrjournals.org)
- Physicians have speculated that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening may be responsible for the reduction in prostate cancer mortality observed in the late 1990s. (cmaj.ca)
- These results suggest that for our study population PSA screening was not associated with, and therefore cannot explain, the decline in prostate cancer mortality. (cmaj.ca)
- In 1995, however, the prostate cancer mortality rate started to decline. (cmaj.ca)
- The effectiveness of screening with the PSA test to reduce prostate cancer mortality has not yet been established by randomized controlled trials. (cmaj.ca)
- Moreover, the 2 studies that have attempted to establish whether the recent decline in prostate cancer mortality seen at the population level could be attributed to PSA screening did not support this hypothesis. (cmaj.ca)
- Our aim was to test whether the declining trend in the prostate cancer mortality rate seen between 1995 and 1999 in the Quebec population could be attributed to PSA screening. (cmaj.ca)
- In this case, age is clearly an independent risk factor for cancer mortality, but what we really would like to know is whether there are differences in cancer mortality between the two populations that are not due to age differences, i.e., differences in mortality that are independent of age differences. (unas.cz)
- For example, Population B might have a greater percentage of older people, and we know that the risk of cancer mortality increases with age regardless of one's environment. (unas.cz)
- BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy including pre-eclampsia are associated with maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity. (bvsalud.org)
- Although we usually didn't think much about newborn health, we are now ascribing considerable importance to reduction of newborn mortality and ensuring survival and a good life for every newborn in the current situation. (thedailystar.net)
- Today's discussion is about what we need to do in order to reduce newborn mortality rate and save every newborn. (thedailystar.net)
- There are three main reasons behind newborn mortality, namely: birth asphyxia, preterm birth and infection. (thedailystar.net)
- In our country's context, we need to adopt low-cost easy solutions to prevent newborn mortality due to these three reasons. (thedailystar.net)
- Hence, we don't need very costly technology and treatment facilities to reduce newborn mortality within 24 hours of birth. (thedailystar.net)
- Some of the reduction comes from modifying the birth interval distribution or by bringing maternal age at the time of birth into the 'safe' range of 18-35 years, and some comes from the actual elimination of births that would have a high mortality risk (high parity births). (biomedcentral.com)
- Low quality evidence supports a reduction in all-cause neonatal mortality (19% (95% c.i. 1-34%)), cord infection (30% (95% c.i. 20-39%)) and neonatal tetanus (49% (95% c.i. 35-62%)) with birth attendant handwashing. (biomedcentral.com)
- Very low quality evidence supports a reduction in neonatal tetanus mortality with a clean birth surface (93% (95% c.i. 77-100%)) and no relationship between a clean perineum and tetanus. (biomedcentral.com)
- After adjustment for confounding factors, the only significant associations were a greater than 50% reduction in obesity among participants breast fed for three to five months compared with all other breastfeeding categories (P = 0.007) and a linear decreasing trend in obesity with increasing duration of predominant breast feeding (P = 0.03). (bmj.com)
- Two aspects of family structure are focused upon: the birth order of the subject and the mother's marital status at the time of childbirth. (diva-portal.org)
- The final study examines whether the mother's marital status at the time of childbirth is associated with her son's long-term risk of ischaemic heart disease mortality, and whether any such association works via these men's own marital status in adulthood. (diva-portal.org)
- Objective To assess the association between perinatal losses and mother's long-term mortality and modification by surviving children and attained education. (bmj.com)
- The main analyses are conducted with discrete-time survival analysis using a within-family comparison, and the estimates are adjusted for age, mother's age at the time of birth, and cohort. (lse.ac.uk)
- We present information on neonatal survival from Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in Tanzania, regarding the influence of mother's age and other related factors on neonatal survival of first and second births. (biomedcentral.com)
- Moreover, birth order, birth interval, mother's partner co-residence and sex of the neonate appeared as important markers for neonatal survival. (biomedcentral.com)
- Immediately after birth the underweight newborn should be placed at the center of its mother's chest in order to transmit heat from the mother's skin to the newborn's body. (thedailystar.net)
Associated with high mortality2
- Several birth characteristics are associated with high mortality risk: very young or old mothers, short birth intervals and high birth order. (biomedcentral.com)
- FRIDAY, July 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Bacterial and fungal infections are uncommon in hospitalized COVID-19 patients, but coinfection is associated with high mortality and antibiotic use is widespread, according to a study published in the July issue of Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology . (healthday.com)
Terms of infant mortality2
- According to a 2014 CDC report, the US ranked last out of 26 developed countries in terms of infant mortality for all gestational ages. (stylemagazine.com)
- CNN, the New York Times, numerous outlets across the country report the U.S. as abysmal in terms of infant mortality, without delving into what is behind this ranking. (drwalt.com)
- Focusing on sibships ranging in size from two to six, we find that mortality risk in adulthood increases with later birth order. (lse.ac.uk)
- The estimated increases are of the same order of magnitude as the decreases from effective malaria control. (cdc.gov)
- If, on the other hand, the estimated increases in infant death rates are similar to or larger than the expected benefits, whether the association is causal matters a great deal, and further investigation is warranted, especially in areas where DDT is reintroduced. (cdc.gov)
- It has assumed for three decades that HCMV upregulates host cell metabolism and increases glucose uptake in order to promote oxidative phosphorylation to supply the virus with ATP . (kenyon.edu)
- However, note that the risk of mortality increases with age. (unas.cz)
- Research examining determinants of preterm birth in Ethiopia is limited. (dovepress.com)
- Explore the stability of associations between determinants of child growth and different anthropometric measures of children across space and time. (hbgdki.org)
- Further studies on community-levels determinants of under-5 mortality are needed. (biomedcentral.com)
- Low birth weight (LBW) has been defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a birth weight of less than 2500 g irrespective of gestational age (1,2). (who.int)
- However, ascertaining small for gestational age is not straightforward as it requires accurate measurement of anthropometry at birth including weight, length and head circumference (3). (who.int)
- The researchers found that birth rates decreased among all gestational age groups except one: the 39- to 40-week group. (stylemagazine.com)
- We modelled the odds of preterm birth, small-for-gestational age and low birthweight in a second, liveborn infant in a cohort of 192,041 sibling pairs born in Western Australia between 1980 and 2010. (readbyqxmd.com)
- 6) Mortality rate by weight-gestational age was lower in the group of apprepriate for gestational age infant than in the group of small for gestational age infant and in the group of large for gestatonal age infant. (koreamed.org)
- The predictors associated with neonatal mortality need to be addressed, as identifying the predictors will contribute to reducing the rates of neonatal morbidity and mortality. (who.int)
- variables that had a p-value of ≤0.05 in the multivariate analysis were considered as independent predictors of neonatal mortality in the final Cox regression analysis. (who.int)
- Preterm birth is associated with both psychological and physical disabilities and is the leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. (medicalxpress.com)
- This occurs more often among black women than white women and is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States. (eurekalert.org)
- 2004. Risk of selected birth defects by maternal residence close to power lines during pregnancy. (uib.no)
- We hope this report of no association between autism, Rh negativity, and thimerosal exposure during pregnancy will offset some of the decreased compliance with immunization recommendations which is known to increase morbidity and mortality from childhood infectious diseases," Dr. Miles said. (medpagetoday.com)
- LBW can be a consequence of preterm birth (i.e. birth before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy), or intrauterine growth restriction, each of which is influenced by many factors related to the mother, the infant, the physical environment or genetics (2,4,5,7). (who.int)
- The majority of practitioners in the field of pre and perinatal psychology would likely agree that in order for society to change prevalent negative beliefs about pregnancy and childbirth there needs to a paradigm shift in the use of negative language as it refers to pregnancy and childbirth. (birthpsychology.com)
- American Pregnancy Association. (birthpsychology.com)
- Full-term births take place in the 39th or 40th week of pregnancy. (stylemagazine.com)
- It is often used to help assess how far along a pregnancy is and when the baby is likely to be born, according to the American Pregnancy Association. (stylemagazine.com)
- The investigators also took control samples from the environment, in order to distinguish potential contamination from bacteria that had been present during pregnancy. (medicalxpress.com)
- If we better understand the involvement of bacteria during pregnancy, we can develop more targeted treatment to hopefully prevent preterm birth and save lives, she said. (medicalxpress.com)
- Angela is the convenor of the Public Health Association of Australian Women's Health Special Interest group, a member of the Interagency working group of reproductive health in crisis and an Associate Editor of the journal BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. (edu.au)
- A statistically significant improvement in birth weight of the newborn was observed in the intervention group, where expectant mothers were made aware about desired nutrition during pregnancy. (hindawi.com)
- In order to support the growing fetus and also to prepare the expectant mother for the upcoming events of childbirth and subsequent feeding, pregnancy leads to a plethora of physiological changes in the mother that converge at ensuring an efficient handling of the requisites emerging subsequent to pregnancy. (hindawi.com)
- Boston) - Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's (BUSM) Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) have found that pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African American participants from the Black Women's Health Study. (eurekalert.org)
- In Belgium and France, births at less than 26 weeks of pregnancy are registered as lifeless, and are not counted, Healy says. (drwalt.com)
- They contended that women's lack of control over both pregnancy and birth represented the greatest hindrance to women's fulfilment of their political rights and a danger to the healthy development of larger society. (bmj.com)
- 5) Etiology of low-birth-weight infant was in order of multiple pregnancy, toxemia, placenta previa and abruptio placenta, premature repture of membrane and congenital syphilis. (koreamed.org)
- A holistic strategy of community level interventions such as improved nutrition for pregnant mothers, prevention of teenage pregnancies, use of mosquito nets during pregnancy, antenatal care for all, adequate skilled care during birth to prevent birth asphyxia among LBW babies, and enhanced quality of postnatal care among others could effectively reduce the mortality numbers. (deepdyve.com)
- This process may take a year or longer depending on the work that has been done previously to establish an understanding of the problem of infant mortality and of health disparities in your community. (amchp.org)
- Across the board, the interviewees admitted they lacked current information and training on infant mortality, disparities and cultural competence. (ucdavis.edu)
- However, wider disparities in esti- natal mortality in Uganda were identified by our literature mates exist between countries. (deepdyve.com)
- with anticipated further rapid declines in under-5 mortality (3) . (who.int)
- The proportion of second and higher order births with demographic risk factors declines substantially as fertility declines. (biomedcentral.com)
- These results raise questions about how low-mortality countries achieve continued declines and highlight the importance of improving care across the GA spectrum. (bmj.com)
- Conclusions Irrespective of education, we find excess mortality in childless mothers with a perinatal loss. (bmj.com)
- Increased mortality in mothers with one perinatal loss and surviving children was limited to mothers with low education. (bmj.com)
- When studying mortality in childless mothers with a perinatal loss, women without children and perinatal losses would have been the optimal reference. (bmj.com)
- The ICM has worked alongside UN agencies and other partners for decades in global initiatives to help reduce the numbers of mothers and babies who die in and around childbirth, and evidence is growing that shows expanding midwifery care is one of the best ways to combat maternal mortality. (wikipedia.org)
- We aimed to compare and contrast the effect of a pragmatic nutrition awareness program for expectant mothers (NAPEM) on birth weight of the newborn with a control group who received no such nutrition awareness activity. (hindawi.com)
- Currently, most mothers are discharged within the first 12 to 24 hours of giving birth in Malawi. (unicef.org)
- The risk of neonatal mortality among offspring of women who had a partner co-resident was 18% times lower as compared with offspring of mothers without a partner co-resident in the household (aOR = 0.82: 95% CI = 0.66-0.98). (biomedcentral.com)
- We need kangaroo mother care right after birth, feeding them mothers' breast-milk, delaying the newborn's bath, and six step hand-washing according to the guidelines of World Health Organization. (thedailystar.net)
- In this study, we use Swedish population register data to examine the relationship between birth interval length and height, physical fitness, and the probability of falling into different body mass index (BMI) categories measured at ages 17-20 for men, and mortality over ages 30-74 for both men and women. (springer.com)
- 2010. Maternal genes and facial clefts in offspring: a comprehensive search for genetic associations in two population-based cleft studies from Scandinavia. (uib.no)
- 2007. Completeness of registration of oral clefts in a medical birth registry: a population-based study. (uib.no)
- This study uses Swedish population register data to investigate the relationship between birth order and mortality at ages 30 to 69 for Swedish cohorts born between 1938 and 1960, using a within-family comparison. (lse.ac.uk)
- Using standard film-screen mammography, we screened 550 women, including 611 pairs of sisters, from the Old Order Amish population of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. (aacrjournals.org)
- La recherche des facteurs de longévité gagne en intérêt dans le contexte actuel du vieillissement de la population. (umontreal.ca)
- Thus they are useful to the inhabitants of the population when it becomes necessary to prove a vital event such as birth, nationality, descent, or relationship by marriage. (encyclopedia.com)
- We divided the adult male population of Quebec aged 50 years and more into 15 birth cohorts. (cmaj.ca)
- Current data on the infant mortality rate for your targeted population is essential. (amchp.org)
- In contrast, so-called indirect standardization applies a standard set of age-specific rates of disease to the populations being compared in order to compute the number of cases of disease that would be expected in a given population, based on its size and age-distribution. (unas.cz)
- In other words, the crude mortality rate for population B might be higher just because it is weighted more heavily with old people. (unas.cz)
- In other words, population B is more heavily weighted with older people, and age is also associated with risk of mortality, so the comparison of crude rates is unfair, because of the unequal age distributions. (unas.cz)
- Babies with LBW have a 5-30 times higher risk of dying during infancy than normal birth weight (≥ 2500 g) babies (2). (who.int)
- This article proposes that watching our words can raise awareness of how the language we choose perpetuates society's paradigms or empowers women to give birth more naturally and babies to be welcomed more gently. (birthpsychology.com)
- And some countries don't reliably register babies who die within the first 24 hours of birth, Healy notes. (drwalt.com)
- The majority of cases that go beyond the 24 hour window are those delivered through caesarean section or babies born prematurely, or with low birth weight or jaundice. (unicef.org)
- Babies who assumed the frank breech position in utero may continue to hold their legs in this position for some days after birth - this is normal. (wikidoc.org)
- The analyses suggested that adult socio-economic status served as a mediating variable in the association between childhood birth order position and adult mortality. (diva-portal.org)
- As stature is associated with health and life expectancy, the possible long term impact of infant feeding on adult mortality patterns merits further investigation. (lshtm.ac.uk)
- The ICM works with midwives and midwifery associations globally to secure women's rights and access to midwifery care before, during and after childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
- Suffragists and women's rights advocates led the Twilight Sleep Association in a quest to encourage doctors and their female patients to widely embrace the practice. (bmj.com)
- In their arguments for legal contraception, Dennett and Sanger placed women's pain front and centre as the primary reason for changing a law that hindered women's full participation in the public order. (bmj.com)
- Self-reported data were analysed using a logistic regression model while the mortality data were analysed by means of a proportional hazard model. (repec.org)
- Logistic regression analysis showed association with gender, working status of mother, history of TB in family member, ANC care, illiteracy of parents, mass media, overcrowding, and type of water supply. (njcmindia.org)
- There were no factors associated with regaining birth weight after 21 days on multiple logistic regression. (scielo.org.za)
- Estimates of the effect of clean birth and postnatal care practices are required for evidence-based program planning. (biomedcentral.com)
- To review the evidence for clean birth and postnatal care practices and estimate the effect on neonatal mortality from sepsis and tetanus for the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). (biomedcentral.com)
- For postnatal clean practices, all-cause mortality is reduced with chlorhexidine cord applications in the first 24 hours of life (34% (95% c.i. 5-54%, moderate quality evidence) and antimicrobial cord applications (63% (95% c.i. 41-86%, low quality evidence). (biomedcentral.com)
- According to expert opinion, clean birth and particularly postnatal care practices are effective in reducing neonatal mortality from sepsis and tetanus. (biomedcentral.com)
- BACKGROUND The timing and mechanism of the inverse association between increasing sibling number and atopic disease are not yet understood. (bmj.com)
- Per capita income displayed a significant and positive association with obesity (p = 0.018), in contrast to an inverse association with stunting (p = 0.038). (scielosp.org)
- However, after carefully adjusting for family background using a within-family sibling comparison design, we find that birth spacing is generally not associated with long-term health, although we find that men born after very long birth intervals have a higher probability of being overweight or obese in early adulthood. (springer.com)
- Also with regard to birth order patterns of all cause mortality in four stages of the life-course (infancy, childhood, adulthood and middle to old age) the overall picture pointed towards laterborns being at a disadvantage throughout the studied age intervals. (diva-portal.org)
- Objective: To investigate the association of breast feeding with height and body mass index in childhood and adulthood. (lshtm.ac.uk)
- There was no association between breast feeding and body mass index in childhood or adulthood. (lshtm.ac.uk)