Secondary Prevention: The prevention of recurrences or exacerbations of a disease or complications of its therapy.American Heart Association: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.Rehabilitation Centers: Facilities which provide programs for rehabilitating the mentally or physically disabled individuals.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Rehabilitation: Restoration of human functions to the maximum degree possible in a person or persons suffering from disease or injury.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Reimbursement, Disproportionate Share: Payments that include adjustments to reflect the costs of uncompensated care and higher costs for inpatient care for certain populations receiving mandated services. MEDICARE and MEDICAID include provisions for this type of reimbursement.Case Management: A traditional term for all the activities which a physician or other health care professional normally performs to insure the coordination of the medical services required by a patient. It also, when used in connection with managed care, covers all the activities of evaluating the patient, planning treatment, referral, and follow-up so that care is continuous and comprehensive and payment for the care is obtained. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Medical Indigency: The condition in which individuals are financially unable to access adequate medical care without depriving themselves and their dependents of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials of living.Uncompensated Care: Medical services for which no payment is received. Uncompensated care includes charity care and bad debts.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Dementia: An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.Dementia, Vascular: An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)tau Proteins: Microtubule-associated proteins that are mainly expressed in neurons. Tau proteins constitute several isoforms and play an important role in the assembly of tubulin monomers into microtubules and in maintaining the cytoskeleton and axonal transport. Aggregation of specific sets of tau proteins in filamentous inclusions is the common feature of intraneuronal and glial fibrillar lesions (NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; NEUROPIL THREADS) in numerous neurodegenerative disorders (ALZHEIMER DISEASE; TAUOPATHIES).Alzheimer Disease: A degenerative disease of the BRAIN characterized by the insidious onset of DEMENTIA. Impairment of MEMORY, judgment, attention span, and problem solving skills are followed by severe APRAXIAS and a global loss of cognitive abilities. The condition primarily occurs after age 60, and is marked pathologically by severe cortical atrophy and the triad of SENILE PLAQUES; NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES; and NEUROPIL THREADS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1049-57)Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Memory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Rare BooksNorth CarolinaBooksBook CollectingMuseumsResearch Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Balsams: Resinous substances which most commonly originate from trees. In addition to resins, they contain oils, cinnamic acid and BENZOIC ACID.Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.Holidays: Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.Micronesia: The collective name for islands of the Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines, including the Mariana, PALAU, Caroline, Marshall, and Kiribati Islands. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p761 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p350)Hemophilia B: A deficiency of blood coagulation factor IX inherited as an X-linked disorder. (Also known as Christmas Disease, after the first patient studied in detail, not the holy day.) Historical and clinical features resemble those in classic hemophilia (HEMOPHILIA A), but patients present with fewer symptoms. Severity of bleeding is usually similar in members of a single family. Many patients are asymptomatic until the hemostatic system is stressed by surgery or trauma. Treatment is similar to that for hemophilia A. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1008)Oral Hemorrhage: Bleeding from the blood vessels of the mouth, which may occur as a result of injuries to the mouth, accidents in oral surgery, or diseases of the gums.Factor IX: Storage-stable blood coagulation factor acting in the intrinsic pathway. Its activated form, IXa, forms a complex with factor VIII and calcium on platelet factor 3 to activate factor X to Xa. Deficiency of factor IX results in HEMOPHILIA B (Christmas Disease).Eczema: A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).Prostatism: Lower urinary tract symptom, such as slow urinary stream, associated with PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA in older men.Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms: Symptoms of disorders of the lower urinary tract including frequency, NOCTURIA; urgency, incomplete voiding, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. They are often associated with OVERACTIVE BLADDER; URINARY INCOMPETENCE; and INTERSTITIAL CYSTITIS. Lower urinary tract symptoms in males were traditionally called PROSTATISM.Prostatic Hyperplasia: Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.Urination Disorders: Abnormalities in the process of URINE voiding, including bladder control, frequency of URINATION, as well as the volume and composition of URINE.Urologic Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY TRACT in both males and females.Dermatitis, Atopic: A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Governing Board: The group in which legal authority is vested for the control of health-related institutions and organizations.Professional Corporations: Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Nuclear Warfare: Warfare involving the use of NUCLEAR WEAPONS.New England: The geographic area of New England in general and when the specific state or states are not indicated. States usually included in this region are Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.

Effect of selective screening for gestational diabetes. (1/222)

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the percentage of pregnant women who would not be screened and the percentage of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who would possibly remain undiagnosed if the American Diabetes Association's (ADA's) new selective screening recommendations are used rather than universal screening for GDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Since 1987, the University of Michigan Health System has performed universal screening for GDM. In 1997, the ADA recommended that women having all four of the following characteristics need not be screened: age < 25 years, not members of an ethnic/racial group with a high prevalence of diabetes, normal body weight, and no family history of diabetes. We studied a random sample of the 25,118 deliveries at the University of Michigan between 1987 and 1997 to determine the prevalence of these four characteristics in our obstetric population. We also studied the prevalence of these four characteristics in 200 women who were diagnosed with GDM in the Endocrine Testing Unit and delivered at the University of Michigan between 1987 and 1997. RESULTS: Approximately 10-11% of women who delivered possessed all four low-risk characteristics and would not have been screened for GDM according to the new ADA recommendations. Only 4% of women (5 of 141) with GDM who delivered and for whom data on all four characteristics were reported possessed all four low-risk characteristics and would not have been screened. CONCLUSIONS: If the new ADA selective screening recommendations are used, few women with GDM will be missed (4%) but approximately 90% of pregnant women will still need to be screened for GDM.  (+info)

Relationships of fasting and postload glucose levels to sex and alcohol consumption. Are American Diabetes Association criteria biased against detection of diabetes in women? (2/222)

OBJECTIVE: To compare, in men and women, the prevalence of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes assessed using criteria from the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) and to investigate risk factors associated with fasting and 2-h postload plasma glucose. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from two companion surveys of Europeans, South Asians, and Afro-Caribbeans in west London were used. A total of 4,367 men and women aged 40-64 years who were not known to have diabetes underwent an oral glucose tolerance test after an overnight fast. The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes was estimated using the ADA (fasting plasma glucose > or = 7.0 mmol/l) and WHO (2-h postload glucose > or = 11.1 mmol/l) criteria for epidemiologic studies. The association of body fat and usual alcohol intake with plasma glucose and diabetes prevalence was assessed. RESULTS: Compared with the WHO criterion, the ADA criterion gave a higher prevalence of diabetes in men (6.4 vs. 4.7%) but a lower prevalence in women (3.3 vs. 4.2%). In Afro-Caribbeans, the sex difference in diabetes prevalence was reversed. Women had significantly lower fasting glucose than men despite higher 2-h glucose levels. Alcohol intake was positively associated with fasting glucose in men and women but not with 2-h glucose levels. CONCLUSIONS: The new ADA criterion, based on fasting glucose alone, does not take account of sex differences in metabolic response to fasting or possible artifactual effects on fasting glucose. With the ADA criterion, alcohol intake was a significant risk factor for diabetes in our study population; this was not the case with the WHO criterion.  (+info)

Properties of LTP induction in the CA3 region of the primate hippocampus. (3/222)

Activity-dependent changes in synaptic strength, such as long-term potentiation (LTP), have been proposed to underlie memory storage in the brains of all mammals, including humans. However, most forms of synaptic plasticity, including LTP, are studied almost exclusively in rodents and related species. Thus, the hypothesis that LTP is important in human memory relies on the assumption that LTP is similar in the primate and rodent brains. We have begun to test this hypothesis by studying the properties and mechanisms of LTP induction in area CA3 of hippocampal slices from cynomolgus monkeys. We have found that LTP can be induced reliably at both mossy fiber-CA3 and collateral/associational-CA3 synapses in the primate brain, and that the properties of LTP induction at these synapses are similar to what we and others have observed in experiments using hippocampal slices from rodents. Also, we have investigated the role of opioids in mossy fiber synaptic transmission and LTP and have found no effect of the opioid antagonist naloxone nor the opioid agonist dynorphin on mossy fiber synaptic transmission or potentiation. These data suggest that LTP in the primate and rat brains has a similar induction mechanism and, thus, that the rodent is a useful animal model in which to study synaptic modification such as LTP.  (+info)

Physiologically realistic formation of autoassociative memory in networks with theta/gamma oscillations: role of fast NMDA channels. (4/222)

Recordings from brain regions involved in memory function show dual oscillations in which each cycle of a low-frequency theta oscillation (5-8 Hz) is subdivided into about seven subcycles by high frequency gamma oscillations (20-60 Hz). It has been proposed (Lisman and Idiart 1995) that such networks are a multiplexed short-term memory (STM) buffer that can actively maintain about seven memories, a capability of human STM. A memory is encoded by a subset of principal neurons that fire synchronously in a particular gamma subcycle. Firing is maintained by a membrane process intrinsic to each cell. We now extend this model by incorporating recurrent connections with modifiable synapses to store long-term memory (LTM). The repetition provided by STM gradually modifies synapses in a physiologically realistic way. Because different memories are active in different gamma subcycles, the formation of autoassociative LTM requires that synaptic modification depend on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) channels having a time constant of deactivation that is of the same order as the duration of a gamma subcycle (15-50 msec). Many types of NMDA channels have longer time constants (150 msec), as for instance those found in the hippocampus, but both fast and slow NMDA channels are present in cortex. This is the first proposal for the special role of these fast NMDA channels. The STM for novel items must depend on activity-dependent changes intrinsic to neurons rather than recurrent connections, which have not developed the required selectivity. Because these intrinsic mechanisms are not error-correcting, STM will become slowly corrupted by noise. This limits the accuracy with which LTM can become encoded after a single presentation. Accurate encoding of items in LTM can be achieved by multiple presentations, provided different memory items are presented in a varied interleaved order. Our results indicate that a limited memory-capacity STM model can be integrated in the same network with a high-capacity LTM model.  (+info)

Nonassociative and associative modification of head-waving produced by aversive tentacular stimuli in Aplysia. (5/222)

Head-waving, a spontaneously occurring exploratory and appetitive behavior of the marine mollusc Aplysia, provides an opportunity to examine mechanisms of learning expressed in a nonreflexive behavior. The present study explores nonassociative and associative forms of learned modification of head-waving produced using an aversive stimulus as reinforcement. Experiments on intact, freely behaving animals demonstrate that training with electric shock as an aversive unconditioned stimulus, delivered unilaterally to the anterior tentacles, produces a learned shift in head-waving behavior away from the side on which shock was applied. This behavioral change is a novel learned behavioral response that is influenced by the topographic location of an aversive stimulus. Furthermore, training with application of tentacle shock reinforcement, contingent upon the animal's head position, produces operant conditioning of head-waving. Thus, anterior tentacle shock is effective as an aversive reinforcer for both nonassociative and operant learning expressed in the head-waving behavior of Aplysia.  (+info)

Parsing executive processes: strategic vs. evaluative functions of the anterior cingulate cortex. (6/222)

Event-related functional MRI and a version of the Stroop color naming task were used to test two conflicting theories of anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) function during executive processes of cognition. A response-related increase in ACC activity was present when strategic processes were less engaged, and conflict high, but not when strategic processes were engaged and conflict reduced. This is inconsistent with the widely held view that the ACC implements strategic processes to reduce cognitive conflicts, such as response competition. Instead, it suggests that the ACC serves an evaluative function, detecting cognitive states such as response competition, which may lead to poor performance, and representing the knowledge that strategic processes need to be engaged.  (+info)

Mediodorsal thalamic function in scene memory in rhesus monkeys. (7/222)

Three monkeys were trained preoperatively in a scene memory task which is analogous, in some ways, to human episodic memory. The same animals were also trained in object-reward association memory. Following bilateral ablations of almost the entire magnocellular division of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus, the animals were impaired both in scene memory and in object-reward association memory. These results, combined with recent results in object recognition memory from monkeys with mediodorsal thalamic lesions, show that the impairment produced by this lesion is more general, affecting a broader range of memory tasks, than the impairment which is produced in monkeys by lesions restricted to the hippocampus-fornix-mamillary system. It is also more severe than the effect of lesions limited to the medial part of the magnocellular division of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus. These findings extend the evidence that the magnocellular division of the mediodorsal thalamic nucleus has an important and general role in memory, and they are consistent with the proposal that lesions of the magnocellular division of that nucleus have their effect by disrupting the function of prefrontal cortex.  (+info)

Associative olfactory learning in the moth Manduca sexta. (8/222)

The proboscis extension response conditioning protocol has been used to explore olfactory-based associative learning in an array of insects. We have monitored a different feeding reflex, which involves activation of the cibarial pump, to demonstrate olfactory learning in the moth Manduca sexta. In the first experiment, four different treatment conditions were used to assess associative (Pavlovian) learning. The results indicate that an excitatory cibarial pump response develops and is retained for at least 24 h only when odor is forward-paired with the presentation of sucrose. Three control treatments, backward pairing, air (no odor) pairing and random pairing, failed to increase the cibarial pump response. However, an excitatory cibarial pump response developed when the backward- and air-paired groups received forward pairing of odor and sucrose on the following day. In contrast, moths experiencing random pairing on day 1 displayed a slower rate of acquisition during forward pairing on day 2, which may indicate inhibition. The second experiment investigated discrimination learning. Two odors were randomly presented, one odor being forward-paired with sucrose (+), the other presented alone (-) in a counterbalanced design. Again, only when odor was forward-paired with sucrose did learning occur. We discuss the implication of these findings for a broader comparative analysis of learning in insects.  (+info)

Booktopia has Implicit Cognition, Oxford Science Publications by Geoffrey Underwood. Buy a discounted Paperback of Implicit Cognition online from Australias leading online bookstore.
CheckPoint: Implicit Association Test By: Jessica Dodd Jessica Dodd December 27, 2010 ETH/ 125 The results for my IAT were: (1) 35% strong automatic
4. CheckPoint: Implicit Association Test · Resource: The Harvard-Hosted Implicit Association Test (IAT) · Due Date: Day 5 [Individual] forum · Complete the Harvard-Hosted Implicit Association Test (IAT) using the instructions below ...
DESCRIPTION: Recent government sponsored research is working to produce a new line of flexible physiological and behavioral sensor technologies that are to be available for homeland security applications. These sensors, which must be non-invasive in nature and protect the privacy of the individual(s) involved, will be used to support human centered/behavioral screening processes in a variety of high and low volume venues. Security screening is conducted to evaluate the risk of individuals entering transportation and other critical infrastructure and requires efficient, rapid and accurate examination of a person. Persons involved in or planning to be involved in possible malicious or deceitful acts will show various behavioral or physiological abnormalities. Much of the technology and publications to date have focused on detection of guilty individuals using electrodermal measures. Research into other psychophysiological measures or the mechanisms underlying deception is still in its early ...
ANTHONY GREENWALD: In 1900, mathematician David Hilbert made a list of 23 recognized questions that the field of mathematics should regard as important unanswered questions and, lo and behold, many mathematicians decided to work on those questions. We psychologists do not have such widely agreed-upon lists of questions, but we do have a continuing good source of questions-the questions often come to us from society.. Our study of prejudice, for example, comes out of trying to deal with policy questions that leaders deal with and that we think need to be informed by science. Prejudice was a topic I discovered relatively late in my career. My dissertation advisor, Gordon Allport, may be best known for his 1954 book on prejudice, The Nature of Prejudice. However, when Allport was my advisor, in the early 1960s, he was no longer interested in the topic. I eventually came to an interest in prejudice because the work on attitudes that Mahzarin and I were doing in the mid 1990s produced a technique ...
Synaesthesia is a hereditary, neurological condition in which common stimuli trigger unexpected secondary sensations. For example, reading letters may result in the visualisation of colour, a variant known as grapheme-colour synaesthesia. While synaesthesia is thought to confer a range of benefits such as improved memory, empathy, visual search and creativity to the synaesthete, there is a small, yet growing, body of evidence that suggests synaesthesia may also be associated with more clinical conditions. This thesis investigates potential associations between synaesthesia and a range of clinical conditions, identifying a set of cormorbidities, and exploring the possible genetic roots of these associations. First, I identified an increased prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and its clinical precursor, radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) in synaesthetes self-referring for participation in scientific studies. Furthermore, I identified an increased occurrence of anxiety disorder in randomly ...
Both implicit and explicit cognitions play an important role in the development of addictive behavior. This study investigated the influence of a single-session motivational interview (MI) on implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognition and whether this intervention was successful in consequently decreasing alcohol use in at-risk adolescents. Implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognitions were assessed at pretest and one month posttest in 125 Dutch at-risk adolescents ranging in age from 15 to 23 (51 males) with adapted versions of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) and an expectancy questionnaire. Motivation to change, alcohol use and alcohol-related problems were measured with self-report questionnaires, at pretest, at posttest after one month, and at the six-month follow-up. Although the quality of the intervention was rated positively, the results did not yield support for any differential effects of the intervention on drinking behavior or readiness to change at posttest and six-month ...
I imagine many of us are familiar with Implicit Association Tests, and have probably taken the Skin-tone IAT on this list. Somewhat less familiar is the advent of a blood pressure drug with the purported side effect of abolishing this particular form of racism. Studies of the drug, propranolol, shed light on the little-understood underlying neurobiology of "implicit racism." As law professor Adam Kolber explains, "one possibility is that propranolol reduces certain fear responses in the amygdala, and these fear responses affect performance on the test of implicit racial bias." Intriguing legal implications abound... We are all vividly aware of the conviction and sentencing biases juries display based on the race of the defendant. What if your next jury summons came with instructions to take an enclosed pill with a glass of OJ before reporting for duty? Another legal debate revolves around the admissibility of neuroscience evidence in the courtroom. Suppose a neurologist is able to map a ...
Author(s): Keech, Jacob J; Hagger, Martin S; OCallaghan, Frances V; Hamilton, Kyra | Abstract: Background:Emerging evidence indicates that holding particular stress mindsets has favorable implications for peoples health and performance under stress. Purpose:The aim of the current study was to examine the processes by which implicit and explicit stress mindsets relate to health- and performance-related outcomes. Specifically, we propose a stress beliefs model in which somatic responses to stress and coping behaviors mediate the effect of stress mindsets on outcomes. Methods:Undergraduate university students (N = 218, n = 144 females) aged 17- 25 years completed measures of stress mindset, physical and psychological wellbeing, perceived stress, perceived somatic responses to stress, proactive behaviors under stress, and an implicit association test assessing an implicit stress mindset. At the end of the semester, students academic performance was collected from university records. Results:Path analysis
Schnabel, K. Asendorpf, J. B., & Greenwald, A. G. (2008). Implicit Association Tests: A landmark for the assessment of implicit personality self-concept. In G. J. Boyle, G. Matthews and D. H. Saklofske (Eds.), Handbook of Personality Theory and Testing (Pp. 508-528). London: Sage. [PDF - 355KB]. Perkins, A., Forehand, M., Greenwald, A. G., & Maison, D. (2008). The influence of implicit social cognition on consumer behavior: Measuring the non-conscious. In C. Haugtvedt, P. Herr, & F. Kardes (Eds.), Handbook of Consumer Psychology (Pp. 461 475). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. [PDF - 1.0MB]. Klauer, K. C., Eder, A. B., Greenwald, A. G., & Abrams, R. L. (2007). Priming of semantic classifications by novel subliminal prime words. Consciousness and Cognition, 16, 63-83. [PDF - 326KB]. Yamaguchi, S., Greenwald, A. G., Banaji, M. R., Murakami, F., Chen, D., Shiomura, K., Kobayashi, C., Cai, H., & Krendl, A. (2007). Apparent universality of positive implicit self-esteem. Psychological ...
Ask 150-plus leaders what was the most memorable part of the 2015 School of Medicine Leadership Retreat and many will say "the stories" - stories told by medical students, by residents and postdocs and by their own peers vividly illustrated how racism is still tainting our environment - even at a progressive institution like UCSF.. Jeff Critchfield, MD, remembers the story of a third-year black medical student who was called to the Emergency Department to admit a patient and the nurse assumed that he was the janitor. Kevin Grumbach, MD, recalls how profoundly he was moved when faculty member Neil Powe, MD, MPH, MBA, recounted getting pulled over in North Carolina for "driving while black.". Everyone had prepared for the retreat by taking the Implicit Association Test, a tool for uncovering unconscious bias. Some of the most honest and sobering discussions at the retreat centered around the impact of finding out about hidden preferences and biases which "we carry around from having grown up in ...
What clinicians need is some other measure beyond external evidence that could assess whether someone like Eric is capable of suicide in the near future. Four years after my brothers death, Harvard researchers at MGH are experimenting with a test they think could help clinicians determine just that. It focuses on a patients subconscious thoughts, and if it can be perfected, these researchers say it could give hospitals more of a legal basis for admitting suicidal patients.. Of course, I cant help thinking about whether such a test could have saved my brother. But I also wonder: Would it have been ethically right - or even possible - to save him even if he didnt want to save himself?. THIS MISSING PIECE in the suicidal puzzle is what prompted the innovative research study now in its final phase at MGH. The study, led by Dr. Matthew Nock, an associate professor in the psychology department at Harvard University, is called the Suicide Implicit Association Test. Its a variation of the Implicit ...
What clinicians need is some other measure beyond external evidence that could assess whether someone like Eric is capable of suicide in the near future. Four years after my brothers death, Harvard researchers at MGH are experimenting with a test they think could help clinicians determine just that. It focuses on a patients subconscious thoughts, and if it can be perfected, these researchers say it could give hospitals more of a legal basis for admitting suicidal patients.. Of course, I cant help thinking about whether such a test could have saved my brother. But I also wonder: Would it have been ethically right - or even possible - to save him even if he didnt want to save himself?. THIS MISSING PIECE in the suicidal puzzle is what prompted the innovative research study now in its final phase at MGH. The study, led by Dr. Matthew Nock, an associate professor in the psychology department at Harvard University, is called the Suicide Implicit Association Test. Its a variation of the Implicit ...
One recent development in the field of synaesthesia includes the amendment to Cytowics original criteria which stated that precepts are always spatially extended into the outside world. Over the past few years, researches have come to distinguish two broad forms of synaesthesia which render the spatial expansion principle correct for only one of the two forms. Today, synaesthetes are recognized as either lower synaesthetes termed projectors or higher synaesthetes termed associators . The terms higher and lower refer to the level of processing at which the sense-perceptions are crossed while the terms projector and associator refer to where the percept is sensed i.e. out in the world versus in the minds eye. Dixon et al.[10] came up with a method for differentiating between these two types of synaesthetes which does not depend on purely descriptive measures. They used third-person objective testing in addition to self-report in order to develop standardized performance measures for ...
Brain Spatial Representation Models and Patterns; EEG-based Neural Decoding of Intelligence; Clinical Applications of Brain Informatics; 3-D Brain Computing; Cognition and Behavior; Genetic and Circuit Mechanisms; Interactive Neuroimaging; Implicit Cognition and Learning; Mechanisms of Neural Regeneration; Sensory and Motor Systems; Mental Strategies. Cognitive Information ...
Nicole Fritz has a nice article summarizing research of Patricia Devine, a University of Wisconsin-Madison psychology professor. Heres a sample. * * * It is a question on many Americans minds: Is the United States ready for a black president, or will deep-rooted and even unconscious prejudices show at the polls? For Patricia Devine, .…
Despite the great amount of knowledge produced by the neuroscientific literature affective phenomena, current models tackling non-cognitive aspects of behavior are often bio-inspired but rarely bio-constrained. This paper presents a theoretical account of affective systems centered on the amygdala. This account aims to furnish a general framework and specific pathways to implement models that are more closely related to biological evidence. The amygdala, which receives input from brain areas encoding internal states, innately relevant stimuli, and innately neutral stimuli, plays a fundamental role in motivational and emotional processes of organisms. This role is based on the fact that amygdala implements the two associative processes at the core of Pavlovian learning (CS-US and CS-UR associations), and that it has the capacity of modulating these associations on the basis of internal states. These functionalities allow the amygdala to play an important role in the regulation of the three ...
Objective: To develop a new scale aimed at evaluating smoking motivation by incorporating questions and domains from the 68-item Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (WISDM-68) into the Modified Reasons for Smoking Scale (MRSS). Methods: Nine WISDM-68 questions regarding affiliative attachment, cue exposure/associative processes, and weight control were added to the 21 questions of the MRSS. The new scale, together with the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), was administered to 311 smokers (214 males; mean age = 37.6 ± 10.8 years; mean number of cigarettes smoked per day = 15.0 ± 9.2), who also provided additional information. We used exploratory factor analysis in order to determine the factor structure of the scale. The influence that certain clinical features had on the scores of the final factor solution was also analyzed. Results: The factor analysis revealed a 21-question solution grouped into nine factors: addiction, pleasure from smoking, tension ...
Background: The obesity pandemic is causing premature mortality, increasing morbidity and escalating healthcare costs. It is globally acknowledged that current obesity management strategies are failing. It is also accepted that clinicians may hold an Anti-fat bias. To-date it has not been established if there is a relationship between strategy failures and clinicians attitudes. This uncharted territory was the driving impetus to undertaken a study investigating possible links and consequences. Aims: To establish healthcare clinicians attitudes towards patients with obesity and test the extent to which their attitudes influenced obesity management. Methods: Online vignettes were generated via Factorial Survey Design methods to assess obesity management by clinicians. The obesity Implicit Association Test (IAT) was used to assess subconscious Anti-fat bias. Data were collected anonymously from a multi-professional convenience sample in a virtual research site managed by Project Implicit®. ...
University of Washington psychology professor Anthony Greenwald is one of two researchers chosen to receive the most prestigious award of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.. Greenwald and Mahzarin Banaji, a social psychologist at Harvard University, recently were named joint recipients of the 2016 Kurt Lewin Award for distinguished research on social issues. The pair is best known for their work on implicit social cognition, the unconscious attitudes and beliefs that humans bring to their social interactions. They helped create the Implicit Association Test, which is widely used in social psychology research, and co-authored the book "Blindspot: Hidden Biases of Good People.". Named for the late Kurt Lewin, a founder of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues and a pioneer in the science of group dynamics, the award recognizes "outstanding contributions to the development and integration of psychological research and social action," according to the ...
The December edition of The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology has been published. This issue includes articles on the impact of collaborative case formulation with high risk offenders with personality disorder and predicting daily-life antisocial behaviour in institutionalized adolescents with Transgression-related Implicit Association Tests. Click here to view the table of contents. Click here…
Suicide is the 15th most common cause of death worldwide. Although relatively uncommon in the general population, suicide rates are much higher in people with mental health problems. Clinicians often have to assess and manage suicide risk. Risk assessment is challenging for several reasons, not least because conventional approaches to risk assessment rely on patient self reporting and suicidal patients may wish to conceal their plans. Accurate methods of predicting suicide therefore remain elusive and are actively being studied. Novel approaches to risk assessment have shown promise, including empirically derived tools and implicit association tests. Service provision for suicidal patients is often substandard, particularly at times of highest need, such as after discharge from hospital or the emergency department. Although several drug based and psychotherapy based treatments exist, the best approaches to reducing the risk of suicide are still unclear. Some of the most compelling evidence ...
Stephanie Ortigue, Ph.D., is assistant professor, department of psychology, and director, laboratory of brain electrodynamics and action, intention, and relationships at Syracuse University (New York) and the University of Geneva (Switzerland). Dr. Ortigues work focuses on social neuroscience, implicit cognition, neurology, and the consciousness of the interacting brain in social settings. Her research aims to develop predictive models of automatic cognitive information processing of body language in social settings to improve performance and optimize therapeutic interventions in patients with acute and chronic social disorders. She received the Association for Psychological Science Rising Star nomination (2011), the Tom Slick Award from the Mind Science Foundation (2010), the University Maurice Chalumeau Award (2007), and the Annual ESSM award for best oral presentation (2007). Ortigue serves on the editorial board of NeuroImage and is the past editor-in-chief of Psyche. She also serves on ...
Your spelling is wrong. But here is a medical article abstract about it: 1: Eur Neurol. 2007;57(2):120-4. Epub 2006 Dec 18. Synaesthesia. Pearce JM. Department of Neurology, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK. Synaesthesia is the intriguing, involuntary experience of feeling one sensationin response to a different sensory stimulus. Recognised since described in 1890by John Locke and clarified by Galton in the 1880s, it has been analysed in thelast 50 years. Grapheme-colour synaesthesia is the commonest form, but many othersensory linkages are reported. Experiments show that it is a genuine immediateperception, not merely a memory or learned association. Many of the mechanismsposited are based on indirect methods, and we know little of theneurophysiological mechanisms. Copyright 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 17179720 This is not very scientific information, but this persons blog offers a pretty good explanatiom of it: ...
Consider joining our study.. Synaesthesia is an unusual and intriguing condition sometimes described as a mixing of the senses. People with synaesthesia have experiences in which their senses appear to be connected. While some synaesthetes associate letters, days of the week, or months of the year with colours, others feel a taste on their tongue when they say a word, or experience vivid sensations that incorporate colours, shapes, textures and movement in response to hearing music. Synaesthesia is different from normal memories or associations because the sensations experienced are automatic and involuntary, and are largely consistent over time. The current estimates are that 2-5% of people have synaesthetic experiences. Synaesthesia is a neurodevelopmental condition, which means that it results from events during brain development, leading to unusual patterns of neural connectivity. Brain imaging studies show that something different is happening in the brains of synaesthetes compared to ...
This paper intends to offer guidance for designing and conducting qualitative research projects of high quality. It subscribes to the view that it is essential to locate any research project within a philosophical tradition to enable cogent justification and evaluation of the knowledge elaborated in the research project. It builds upon the view that the diversity of guidelines for rigorous qualitative research offered in the literature stems from their explicit or implicit association with different epistemological frameworks. It revisits, refines and extends in several ways extant typologies of criteria for conducting and evaluating qualitative research. We provide an overview of epistemological paradigms frequently mobilized in contemporary research in management, explicitly taking into account the epistemological frameworks of critical realism and pragmatic constructivism for three main reasons: these frameworks are solidly-grounded, increasingly mobilized in management research, and stand in an
Previous findings imply that synaesthetic experience may have consequences for sensory processing of stimuli that do not themselves trigger synaesthesia. For example, synaesthetes who experience colou
Whether administered separately or together, the CLo values of (R)- and (S)-gallopamil are high and not different. Thus, the substantial first-pass metabolism of gallopamil is not stereoselective.. Relative to administration of the separate enantiomers, coadministration decreases the CLo values and increases the F values of both (R)- and (S)-gallopamil. This can be attributed to a saturation of first-pass metabolism as the gallopamil dose was twice as high when administered as racemate compared with the dose of the gallopamil enantiomers administered separately. This is further supported by the results after the administration of 100 mg of (R)-gallopamil; a nonlinear increase of the AUC was observed compared with 25 mg of (R)-gallopamil. From the F values that were estimated using the equation given above (1/F = 0.89 × Clo + 0.42), the extraction ratios of (R)- and (S)-gallopamil were calculated (ER = 1 − F) and are high for both (R)- [25 mg (R) = 0.90, 50 mg (RS) = 0.76] and (S)- [25 mg (S) ...
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My SSHRC grant continues to support my research on commitment in close relationships. We have found that a key motivational basis of commitment is identification-that is, the extent to which the relationship becomes part of ones identity. Our work on identification is advancing on two fronts. First, we are developing implicit measures of identification that will reveal how relationship motives can influence relationship processes in effortless, efficient ways, which is particularly relevant in real world contexts when individuals are tired, distracted or under time pressure-all contextual factors that inhibit the ability of explicit, consciously controlled processes to operate effectively. Second, we are examining identification in conjunction with intrinsic motivation-being in a relationship for the sheer enjoyment of it. The long term goal is to develop a dual-process model of relationship regulation whereby intrinsic and identified motives work in tandem to fuel satisfying and lasting ...
the best set of actions at that moment to achieve the desired outcome (getting high). This allows you to be very flexible with how you achieve the outcome and is known as an Action-Outcome association4. However, this processing takes up a lot of mental resources, which could be used for more important things like finding a mate, locating food or reciting Taylor Swift lyrics. If the prefrontal cortex notices that the Action-Outcome association is always the same, it decides there is no use in always performing the same calculations and teaches a more primitive part of the brain in which situations (stimuli) a pre-calculated set of actions (responses) should be performed. This more primitive part of the brain is known as the dorsal striatum, and is involved with habits or Stimulus-Response associations4.. A habit allows quick and easy initiation of a response but does not allow flexibility in the actions performed nor consideration of whether the outcome is still desired. Usually, the prefrontal ...
About the Editors. List of Contributors.. Series Editors Preface.. Introduction (David Thornton and D. Richard Laws).. 1 Penile Plethysmography: Strengths, Limitations, Innovations (D. Richard Laws).. 2 The Abel Assessment for Sexual Interests - 2: A Critical Review (Susan J. Sachsenmaier and Carmen L.Z. Gress).. 3 Affinity: The Development of a Self-Report Assessment of Paedophile Sexual Interest Incorporating a Viewing Time Validity Measure (David V. Glasgow).. 4 Cognitive Modelling of Sexual Arousal and Interest: Choice Reaction Time Measures (Carmen L.Z. Gress and D. Richard Laws).. 5 The Implicit Association Test as a Measure of Sexual Interest (Nicola S. Gray and Robert J. Snowden).. 6 Measuring Child Molesters Implicit Cognitions about Self and Children (Kevin L. Nunes).. 7 The Rapid Serial Visual Presentation Test of Sexual Interest in Child Molesters (Vanja E. Flak, Anthony R. Beech and Glyn W. Humphreys).. 8 Assessing Sexual Interest with the Emotional Stroop Test (Paul ...
Synesthesia is a perceptual phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway. People who report a lifelong history of such experiences are known as synesthetes. In one common form of synesthesia, known as grapheme-color synesthesia or color-graphemic synesthesia, letters or numbers are perceived as inherently colored. In spatial-sequence, or number form synesthesia, numbers, months of the year, or days of the week elicit precise locations in space (for example, 1980 may be "farther away" than 1990), or may appear as a three-dimensional map (clockwise or counterclockwise). Synesthetic associations can occur in any combination and any number of senses or cognitive pathways. Little is known about how synesthesia develops. It has been suggested that synesthesia develops during childhood when children are intensively engaged with abstract concepts for the first time. This hypothesis - referred to ...
Learning is often understood as an organisms gradual acquisition of the association between a given sensory stimulus and the correct motor response. Mathematically, this corresponds to regressing a mapping between the set of observations and the set of actions. Recently, however, it has been shown both in cognitive and motor neuroscience that humans are not only able to learn particular stimulus-response mappings, but are also able to extract abstract structural invariants that facilitate generalization to novel tasks. Here we show how such structure learning can enhance facilitation in a sensorimotor association task performed by human subjects. Using regression and reinforcement learning models we show that the observed facilitation cannot be explained by these basic models of learning stimulus-response associations. We show, however, that the observed data can be explained by a hierarchical Bayesian model that performs structure learning. In line with previous results from cognitive tasks, ...
Research has shown that lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth have increased rates of physical and mental health problems primarily due to the chronic stress incurred by the levels of prejudice and isolation experienced in their environment, especially in Southern States. Teachers are the most available and sought after adults by sexual minority students, helping them to mitigate such toxic environments. In this study, the aim was to examine the relationship between implicit and explicit attitudes of homonegativity and the moderating role of motivation to control prejudiced reactions among teachers in Southern states. Additional information was gathered about the teachers school environment in regard to protective factors that were or were not in place for sexual minority students and possible resources that they perceived would be helpful in establishing a more positive environment for these students. Correlations were found between the Implicit Association Test (IAT), Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS),
Im a bit torn. Racism and sexism (like other -isms, capitalism, socialism, etc.) are societal structures that have, over our lifetimes, been cultivated in every one of us (try the Harvard Implicit Association Tests if you havent already). Im not convinced that labeling individuals as "racists" (so that you can then peace out on them) is productive: it implies that racism is something that can be isolated, and exists in some individuals, and not others, and all we have to do to solve racism is to stay away from those bad people. Im not the only person who thinks this: Ive even heard the hypothesis that a good deal of the racial problems we continue to have in America today can be traced to the fact that Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (a book I love, by the way), which trades in the only-bad-people-are-racists view, is considered the definitive Great American Novel about race and is required reading in many schools, while Uncle Toms Cabin (a book I havent read, but this is how the ...
Synesthesia is a neurological condition in which two or more bodily senses are coupled. For example, in a form of synesthesia known as grapheme-color synesthesia, letters or numbers may be perceived as inherently colored. Historically, the most commonly described form of synesthesia (or synesthesia-like mappings) has been between sound and vision, e.g. the hearing of colors in music. The interest in colored hearing, i.e. the co-perception of colour in hearing sounds or music, dates back to Greek antiquity, when philosophers were investigating whether the colour (chroia, what we now call timbre) of music was a physical quality that could be quantified. The seventeenth-century physicist Isaac Newton tried to solve the problem by assuming that musical tones and colour tones have frequencies in common. The age-old quest for colour-pitch correspondences in order to evoke perceptions of coloured music finally resulted in the construction of color organs and performances of colored music in concert ...
Colorblindness vs. mindfulness. It might sound counterintuitive to some, but both insight and analysis suggests that implicit bias may actually be heightened by the societal emphasis on colorblindness, a notion that dates at least to the Plessy v. Ferguson case in the late 19th century (Justice Harlan, dissenting), and played an important role in the civil rights movement of the mid-20th.. When embraced by conservatives in the late 20th century, however, it became a basis for largely shutting down effective understanding of race and its impact in our lives.. As most of us know from simple, everyday experience, none of us is actually blind to race or color. In fact, research confirms common disconnects between explicit and implicit cognition around race and color. Even if we try to act adopt a colorblind view in the world, it doesnt work because our brains dont actually work that way.. Indeed, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral dissonance results from implicit and explicit efforts to comply ...
Read "Does education influence visuo-spatial and verbal immediate serial recall in healthy older adults?, Quality & Quantity" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
However, a new study has identified 11 synesthetes whose grapheme-color mappings appear to be based on the Fisher Price plastic letter set made between 1972-1990 (Witthoft & Winawer, 2013). 2 Letter-color mapping data were obtained from the participants using either The Synesthesia Battery Web site ( or in-house software. This required that the subjects use a color picker to identify the hue of 26 upper case letters and 10 numerals three times each (presented in random order). They did this in two separate sessions, and then the consistency within and across sessions was evaluated. The participants also completed a speeded Stroop-like task, where they had to identify whether the color font was congruent (A) or incongruent (A) relative to their synesthetic mapping ...
This paper proposed a method of polarity analysis of stock comments in Chinese based on word clustering, to avoid effect of noisy information without emotional tendency. This method mines semantic association between words to construct the concept dictionary in specific areas dynamically and describes the text feature with the concept constructed. The experimental results show that this method can not only reduces dimensionality of feature space, speed up the process of sentiment classification, but also improve the performance of sentiment classification to a certain extent.
A method and system for aiding users in visualizing the relatedness of retrieved text documents and the topics to which they relate comprises training a classifier by semantically analyzing an initial group of manually-classified documents, positioning the classes and documents in two-dimensional space in response to semantic associations between the classes, and displaying the classes and documents. The displayed documents may be retrieved by an information storage and retrieval subsystem in any suitable manner.
What would it be like if numbers and musical tones had colours? People with synaesthesia experience the world in this way - and scientists are trying to find out why.
In this last section, I will briefly review what is known about the genetics of synaesthesia and the implications for understanding individual differences in perceptual experience. A discussion on synaesthesia art and creativity will follow (Is there a link? Synaesthesia as a tool for artistic experimentation. Synaesthetic experience as a source for art - some challenges to the way we think about art). The workshop will conclude with an open discussion. Some of the open questions in synaesthesia research will likely be addressed: Are we all synaesthetes? Should our definition of synaesthesia be more inclusive? What is so special about colour (that it is rated as the most common synaesthetic experience)? FURTHER READING. Lynn C. Robertson & Noam Sagiv (Eds). Synesthesia: Perspectives from Cognitive Neuroscience. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.. Mattingley, J.B. and Ward, J.(Eds.). Cognitive neuroscience perspectives on synaesthesia. Special issue of Cortex, in press.. Cytowic, R. E. ...
Over a vigorous dissent, which seems to me entirely correct, the court here holds that even without any evidence of actual consumer impact, a "semantic association" between a famous mark and a mark used to sell "sexual toys, videos, and similar soft-core pornographic products" is sufficient to establish tarnishment. Because Congress intended to reduce the burden of proof on the trademark holder, there is "a kind of rebuttable presumption, or at least a very strong inference, that a new mark used to sell sex-related products is likely to tarnish a famous mark if there is a clear semantic association between the two." The majority suggested that this "res ipsa loquitur-like effect … places on the owner of the new mark the burden of coming forward with evidence that there is no likelihood or probability of tarnishment," which could be surveys or consumer testimony-even though, as the dissent pointed out, the only consumer perception evidence in the case was pretty clear that the consumer at issue ...
Description: Kimberly Papillon is a nationally recognized expert on the subject of judicial and legal decision-making. She is an attorney and a Senior Education Specialist at the California Judicial Councils Administrative Office of the Courts in the Education Division. She serves as the statewide Project Manager for fairness education for judges and court personnel in California. She has delivered over 100 lectures nationwide on the implications of neuroscience, psychology and implicit association in the analysis of judicial fairness to multiple audiences including judges and appellate justices throughout California, the Council of Chief Judges of the State Courts of Appeal, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District, the D.C. Court of Appeals, national judicial organizations and the California State Bar. In the past several months she has delivered lectures to the Los Angeles and San Francisco County District Attorneys Offices, the United States Department of Justice, and the ...
A mixed 3 between (Gaze Restriction: Gaze-Fixed, Head-Fixed, and Head Free) × 2 within (viewing distance: 5 and 15 m) factor ANOVA was conducted on the individual participants gain data at each distance. The effect of Viewing Distance on angular gain differed as a function of Gaze Restriction, F(2, 32) = 7.90, p = 0.0016. This interaction is shown in Figure 5 (left). Posthoc tests, with Bonferroni correction (α = 0.017), confirmed that the gain was reliably higher when the target was nearer (i.e., 5 m), when either eye movements were allowed (Head-Fixed), t(10) = 2.92, p = 0.015, or when both head and eye movements were allowed (Head Free), t(11) = 5.05, p , 0.001; but that there was no effect of viewing distance when gaze was required to be fixed on the reference disk throughout each trial, t(11) = 1.27, p = 0.23. Recall that the reference point, to which targets were compared, was at 15 m. Because the angular gain was unaffected by viewing distance when gaze refixation on the targets was ...
TY - ABST. T1 - Using performance discontinuities to estimate individual Working-Memory Capacities in serial recall tasks. AU - Lindeløv, Jonas Kristoffer. PY - 2018/9/1. Y1 - 2018/9/1. N2 - Although formal models are frequently used to infer working-memory capacity (C) from visual array tasks (Cowan, 2001, Table 2; Luck & Vogel, 2013), Complex Span tasks, on the other hand, are typically scored using variants of the mean number- or the mean proportion of correctly recalled items (e.g. Redick et al, 2012; Conway, 2005). Though useful as indices, they are not interpretable as C, partially because they are confounded by the range of spans presented to the subjects. I propose the "rate change" score of working-memory capacity which has just three parameters: (1) C, the subjects capacity which marks a shift from (2) PC , a high Bernoulli-proportion of correctly recalled items, to (3) Pother, a lower Bernoulli-proportion of recall for further presented items. A Bayesian rate-change model was ...
In response to my previous blog post on synesthesia, Gary Skaleski (MA, LPC, currently working as an EAP case manager) wrote the following:. "About 1976-77 John Grinder was teaching about modalities, and at one point came up with a technique which I had not heard anyone else talk about, not written up as far as I know, but which I found helpful. We started talking about synesthesia, and while discussing overlap, John suggested we spend time every day mapping from one modality to another, but at such a small level that we would never get overwhelmed. Example: take a sound. Not a word (big scope: "Amen") but part of that word (Ah) and turn that into a feeling (not emotion, but how and where that sound feels physically in or on your body), then take that feeling and turn it into a visual image (again, not a scene but a simple shape, color, etc.).. "The order is not important, and could start with a feeling, to visual to auditory, etc. Just keep overlapping at this small level. After a few weeks ...
This might not just strike you as "creepy" but as simply unethical just as it did one commentator cited in the article who called these tactics "extremely disturbing and quite sinister". Here, I want to investigate where this intuition comes from.. We can distinguish different ways one can go about changing someone elses mind:. (1) by providing arguments,. (2) by appealing to epistemic trust (i.e. claims to expertise and epistemic authority),. and. (3) by exploiting how our cognitive mechanisms have evolved/developed to process information in general. For example, by directing attention in a certain way or by creating/triggering semantic associations between different contents (e.g. pairing an image of a happy family with a specific brand of car or by using terms such as flood to describe migratory movements of people).. While in (1) and (2) one interacts with ones audiences cognitive machinery charged with evaluating critically what information to endorse (so-called epistemic vigilance ...
Study identifies specific chromosomal regions linked to auditory visual synaesthesia characterized by seeing colors in response to sounds
Bargary and Mitchell in a review article suggested that defects in one of the three specific processes related to neurodevelopment could result in increased structural connectivity between brain areas responsible for the perception or processing of the sensory information involved in the synaesthetic experiences. The three proposed pathways are: neural pruning, axon guidance, and border formation9. Although, these pathways are proposed to produce hyperconnectivity in the brain by either failing to eliminate synaptic connections or make appropriate synapses, these claims have yet to be validated experimentally. In addition, scientists have not been able to narrow down which molecular mechanisms within these neurodevelopmental pathways are altered to generate synaesthesia. For instance, is the abnormality at the protein level or at the gene level? If there is a defect in the protein, is it a result of improper protein folding, creating reduced or non-functioning proteins or is there excessive ...
Synesthesia is the crossing of two neural pathways which causes one sense to be activated unconsciously when another was consciously activate. The Greek meanings of the word are Syn (union) and… (In case you dont know what it is). I have the form where you associate audio with color, which is pretty...
Prognosis of Touch to Smell Synesthesia including probable outcomes, duration, recurrence, complications, deaths, and survival rates.
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Today I would like to talk to you about mental resonance. And I would like to talk to you about the connections between thought-objects. But first I wou...
DAmato - Synesthesia CD/EP Reviewed on Bottom line: A perfectly OK rock EP by guys who know what theyre doing.
plotCellCounts(object, ...) # S4 method for SingleCellExperiment plotCellCounts( object, interestingGroups = NULL, fill = getOption(x = "acid.fill.discrete", default = acidplots::scale_fill_synesthesia_d()), labels = list(title = "Cell counts", subtitle = NULL, x = NULL, y = "cells" ...
The religion-science debate has heated up in recent years, with polemical arguments on both side decrying the other. Given that the dominant view is of religiousness as a relatively fixed personality trait, all of this furor seems excessive. Interested in just how malleable religiousness is, we exposed half of our participants to an argument against the existence of God by Richard Dawkins. Those exposed to Dawkins' arguments showed lower self-reported religiousness, as well as less implicit association between religion and truth. These results demonstrate the flexibility of trait religiousness.
PASADENA, Calif.-- Individuals with synesthesia perceive the world in a different way from the rest of us. Because their senses are cross-activated, some synesthetes perceive numbers or letters as having colors or days of the week as possessing personalities, even as they function normally in the world. Now, researchers at the California Institute of Technology have discovered a type of synesthesia in which individuals hear sounds, such as tapping, beeping, or whirring, when they see things move or flash. Surprisingly, the scientists say, auditory synesthesia may not be unusual--and may simply represent an enhanced form of how the brain normally processes visual information.. Psychologists previously reported visual, tactile, and taste synesthesias, but auditory synesthesia had never been identified. Caltech lecturer in computation and neural systems Melissa Saenz discovered the phenomenon quite by accident.. "While I was running an experiment at the Caltech Brain Imaging Center, a group of ...
article{Nunn.2002, author = {Nunn, J. A. and Gregory, L. J. and Brammer, M. and Williams, S. C. R. and Parslow, D. M. and Morgan, M. J. and Morris, R. G. and Bullmore, E. T. and Baron-Cohen, S. and Gray, J. A.}, year = {2002}, title = {Functional magnetic resonance imaging of synesthesia: activation of V4 V8 by spoken words}, pages = {371-375}, volume = {5}, number = {4}, issn = {1097-6256}, journal = {NATURE NEUROSCIENCE ...
SUBJECTIVE experience poses a major problem for neuroscientists and philosophers alike, and the relationship between them and brain function is particularly puzzling. How can I know that my perception of the colour red is the same as yours, when my experience of the colour occupies a private mental world to which nobody else has access?…. ...
OBJECTIVE A pilot study of the density of dendritic spines on pyramidal neurons in layer III of human temporal and frontal cerebral neocortex in schizophrenia.. METHODS Postmortem material from a group of eight prospectively diagnosed schizophrenic patients, five archive schizophrenic patients, 11 non-schizophrenic controls, and one patient with schizophrenia-like psychosis, thought to be due to substance misuse, was impregnated with a rapid Golgi method. Spines were counted on the dendrites of pyramidal neurons in temporal and frontal association areas, of which the soma was in layer III (which take part in corticocortical connectivity) and which met strict criteria for impregnation quality. Altogether 25 blocks were studied in the schizophrenic group and 21 in the controls. If more than one block was examined from a single area, the counts for that area were averaged. All measurements were made blind: diagnoses were only disclosed by a third party after measurements were completed. Possible ...
WORKSHOP - Synesthesia Sunday UPDATED SCHEDULE / SYNESTHESIA WORKSHOP Northern Lights: Expanding the Lexicon of Synesthesia May 1 - Full Day. Time and Location: TBA. SCHEDULE WORKSHOP - Synesthesia Sunday, May 1 - Full Day. 9:00 am - 5:15 pm Time and Location: TBA. Chair, Maureen Seaberg. Participants: William C Bushell, Neil Theise, MD, Patricia Lynne Duffy, Michael Sollberger Nancy Clark, Daniel Meyer-Dinkgräfe, Alexandra Kirschner, Jason Padgett,. Carrie C Firman, Ezgi Sorman, Berit Brogaard, Dirk Proeckl, Engelbert Winkler. Synesthesia, as it is defined now, is a sensation that normally occurs in one sense modality occuring when another modality is stimulated. But what of the lit quality of the photisms synesthetes see? And what of the colors they often associate with things like numbers, letters and music? And then there are their prodigious memories - aided by this color, which acts like a mnemonic… And what of the landscapes that they see, alphabets sometimes climbing upwards or ...
Perceptual systems often include sensors from several modalities. However, existing robots do not yet sufficiently discover patterns that are spread over the flow of multimodal data they receive. In this paper we present a framework that learns a dictionary of words from full spoken utterances, together with a set of gestures from human demonstrations and the semantic connection between words and gestures. We explain how to use a nonnegative matrix factorization algorithm to learn a dictionary of components that represent meaningful elements present in the multimodal perception, without providing the system with a symbolic representation of the semantics. We illustrate this framework by showing how a learner discovers word-like components from observation of gestures made by a human together with spoken descriptions of the gestures, and how it captures the semantic association between the two.
Recent research on childrens inferencing has found that although adults typically adopt the pragmatic interpretation of some (implying not all), 5- to 9-year-olds often prefer the semantic interpretation of the quantifier (meaning possibly all). Do these failures reflect a breakdown of pragmatic competence or the metalinguistic demands of prior tasks? In 3 experiments, the authors used the visual-world eye-tracking paradigm to elicit an implicit measure of adults and childrens abilities to generate scalar implicatures. Although adults eye-movements indicated that adults had interpreted some with the pragmatic inference, childrens looks suggested that children persistently interpreted some as compatible with all (Experiment 1). Nevertheless, both adults and children were able to quickly reject competitors that were inconsistent with the semantics of some; this confirmed the sensitivity of the paradigm (Experiment 2). Finally, adults, but not children, successfully distinguished between ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Information is often embedded in memorable contexts, which may cue the asymmetric recall of similar past news through associative memory. We design a theory-driven experiment, in which participants observe signals about hypothetical companies. Here, identical signal realizations are communicated with identical contexts: stories and images. Because participants asymmetrically remember those past signals that get cued by the current context, beliefs systematically overreact. This overreaction depends in predictable ways on the signal history; the correlation between signals and contexts; and the scope for forgetting and associative memory. We quantify these results by structurally estimating a model of associative recall.
in Social cognitive and affective neuroscience (2015), 10(7), 978-86. OBJECTIVES: Thought disorders such as rumination or flight of ideas are frequent in patients with mood disorders, and not systematically linked to mood state. These symptoms point to anomalies in ... [more ▼]. OBJECTIVES: Thought disorders such as rumination or flight of ideas are frequent in patients with mood disorders, and not systematically linked to mood state. These symptoms point to anomalies in cognitive processes mediating the generation and control of thoughts; for example, associative thinking and inhibition. However, their neural substrates are not known. METHOD: To obtain an ecological measure of neural processes underlying the generation and suppression of spontaneous thoughts, we designed a free word association task during fMRI allowing us to explore verbal associative patterns in patients with mood disorders and matched controls. Participants were presented with emotionally negative, positive or neutral ...
Management of patients with atrial fibrillation (compilation of 2006 ACCF/AHA/ESC and 2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS recommendations): a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2013 ...
Assess size of the allergy to prednisone other. [the name alludes to the level of ureter from laterally located vessels. It is concentrated mainly in urine and use of a number of times the person concerned. nausea what medication is taken. The insert will not cause rebound increase in appetite control. Hence, they are being studied. The american heart association task force nds that the answer is scored may suggest the need arises. In patients with cystic fibrosis. Assessment apart from one-sixth of an maoi may develop ascites and bulky stage ib disease, clinically and hemodynamically even in the lung, liver, or peritoneal dialysis can be inserted through the tubal ostium with a huber needle (a hollow needle with a. The necrotic tissue reduces their absorption. Perioperative considerations the goal of this portion of the vagina there are 1,305 pairs, and it was constructed by the work of pavlov.. levitra cialis or viagra which is better viagra effects on kidneys ...
Synesthesia is a condition in which someones bodily senses are associated with completely different senses as well as that particular sense. Such as being not only able to hear sounds but also see the colors of different specific sounds and be able to tell the difference in sounds by the color they see alone. There are many different examples of how synesthesia could be perceived such as hearing colors or smelling sound or even tasting the shape or different objects. Neurologists have concluded that persons with this condition are not able to control it and automatically done. They have also been able to conclude that different synesthetic events happen at different locations outside the body. An example we discussed in class was how the different days of the week had completely separate locations outside the body and can be recalled by locating the position. Having more than one way to remember a sound or read a word vastly improves people with synesthesia ability to remember extremely large ...
Synesthesia is a condition in which someones bodily senses are associated with completely different senses as well as that particular sense. Such as being not only able to hear sounds but also see the colors of different specific sounds and be able to tell the difference in sounds by the color they see alone. There are many different examples of how synesthesia could be perceived such as hearing colors or smelling sound or even tasting the shape or different objects. Neurologists have concluded that persons with this condition are not able to control it and automatically done. They have also been able to conclude that different synesthetic events happen at different locations outside the body. An example we discussed in class was how the different days of the week had completely separate locations outside the body and can be recalled by locating the position. Having more than one way to remember a sound or read a word vastly improves people with synesthesia ability to remember extremely large ...
A plurality of devices for processing IF-THEN JOIN operation of IF-THEN rules are provided to process the JOIN operation in a pipe-line manner. A JOIN operation processing facility has an input buffer for latching status data corresponding to one condition in a certain rule; an associative memory for latching status data corresponding to another condition; an output buffer for latching the result of a JOIN operation; and a data combining arrangement for replacing an item value from the two data by a meaningful value to generate one data so that a series of operations of picking up the data one by one from the input buffer, retrieving associatively the data of the associative memory by using the data picked up as a retrieval data and the common item as a retrieval key, and storing in the output buffer the combined result of the data picked up and the retrieval data.
Also known as audiovisuoalgesic synaesthesia. Both terms are indebted to the Latin words audire (to hear) and visio (sight) and to the Greek noun algos (pain). They were introduced in or shortly before 1979 by the American neurologists Daniel…
In five studies, the effects of ingroups status on the automatic evaluations of humanity was explored. The Go/No-go association task was used. In Studies 1 and 2, the relation between Northern Italians (higher status group) and Southern Italians (lower status group) was examined. In Study 3, it was manipulated the status of the Italian ingroup and the American outgroup: in two conditions, either attributes of Italian superiority or attributes of American superiority were made salient. In Study 4, the status of minimal groups was manipulated. In Study 5, results of previous studies were replied, using different stimuli. In all the studies, the higher status ingroup was more associated with humanity than the lower status outgroup, that was even dehumanized. In contrast, a privileged human status was not accorded to ingroup in the lower status condition. The effects of infrahumanization and dehumanization seem to be moderated by ingroups status. ...
This report represents the latest in a series of articles from across the globe (U.S., New Zealand, Australia, Norway, and South Africa) published in recent years directly contradicting the findings of the American Psychological Association Task Force report released in 2008. Large scale, well-controlled studies using sophisticated data analysis methodologies consistently confirm a relationship between abortion and psychological distress that the national professional organization has dismissed, the professor said.. ...
Stephanie N. Cochran, DO and Merrill Krolick, DO, FACC, FACP, FSCAI Yancy CW, Jessup M, Bozkurt B, et al. 2017 ACC/AHA/HFSA focused update of the 2013 ACCF/AHA guideline for the management of heart failure: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines and the Heart Failure Society of America. J Card Fail. 2017;23(8):628-651. ...
Another of your examples, neuropsychological case studies, is particularly difficult. Are you not supposed to test the rare individual with hemi-prosopagnosia or a unique form of synesthesia? Many aging and developmental studies could be problematic too. What if your elderly group is no better than chance in a memory test that undergrads could do at 80% accuracy? Maybe your small pilot sample of elderly were very high performers and not representative? Obviously, being locked into publishing such a study would set you back the time it would take to make the task easier and re-run the experiment. You could even say in the new paper that you ran the experiment with 500 items in the study list and the elderly were no better than chance. Whos to say that a reviewer would have caught that error in advance ...
One is "vertical" hearing, where he can identify notes played simultaneously - and can tell what register theyre played in. The other is "synesthesia," where notes and tonalities evoke colors. For instance, the key of F summons up rose images, while A dwells in the green area of the color spectum. D-flat elicits Lucite-clear ice crystal. ...
Fihn SD, Gardin JM, Abrams J, et al. 2012 ACCF/AHA/ACP/AATS/PCNA/SCAI/STS guideline for the diagnosis and management of patients with stable ischemic heart disease: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association task force on practice guidelines, and the American College of Physicians, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Circulation. 2012;126(25):3097-3137. PMID: 23166210 Goff DC Jr, Lloyd-Jones DM, Bennett G, et al. 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the assessment of cardiovascular risk: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2014;129(25 Suppl 2):S49-S73. PMID: 24222018 Gulati M, Bairey Merz CN. Cardiovascular disease in women. In: Mann DL, Zipes ...
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Color-grapheme synesthetes automatically perceive achromatic numbers as colored (e.g., 7 is turquoise). Up until recently, synesthesia was believed to be unidirectional. For instance, the number 7 gives rise to the percept of turquoise but the perception of turquoise does not trigger the number 7. However, some recent studies argue for bidirectional connections Cohen Kadosh et al., 2005; Johnson et al., 2007; Knoch et al., 2005). In this study, a multiplication verification task (e.g., 7 x 2 = 14, true/false?) was used to test bidirectionality. In agreement with previous studies we observed that the presentation of colors evokes numerical magnitudes. The current findings add two important notions to previous studies: (a) The influence of color on the processing of numerical information can be extended to multiplication verification tasks and (b) The perception of color can both facilitate and interfere with the processing of digit-related information.
ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Adult: Executive Summary A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines, Hunt SA; Baker DW; Chin MH; Cinquegrani MP; Feldmand AM; Francis GS; et al. , J Am Coll Cardiol, 2001, Volume 38, Issue 7, p.2101-2113, (2001) ...
ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Adult: Executive Summary A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines, Hunt SA; Baker DW; Chin MH; Cinquegrani MP; Feldmand AM; Francis GS; et al. , J Am Coll Cardiol, 2001, Volume 38, Issue 7, p.2101-2113, (2001) ...
January CT, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC/HRS guideline for the management of patients with atrial fibrillation: Executive summary a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Heart Rhythm Society. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014; 64(21):2246-2280. ...
Epstein AE, DiMarco JP, Ellenbogen KA, et al. ACC/AHA/HRS 2008 Guidelines for Device-Based Therapy of Cardiac Rhythm Abnormalities: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the ACC/AHA/NASPE 2002 Guideline Update for Implantation of Cardiac Pacemakers and Antiarrhythmia Devices) developed in collaboration with the American Association for Thoracic Surgery and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J Am Coll Cardiol 2008; 51:e1-62. ...
Antman EM, Anbe DT, Armstrong PW, Bates ER, Green LA, Hand M et al. ACC/AHA guidelines for the management of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to Revise the 1999 Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction). Circulation 2004;110:e82-292 ...
The minds of individuals are like parallel universes, forever inaccessible to one another. Never do we truly see through the eyes of another person. It is common for us to wonder if other people experience the world in the same way we do. Is your green my red? Is my yellow your blue? While we can never directly answer these questions, we know that some people report a very different consciousness of the outside world than what is commonly experienced. This different conscious experience is known as synesthesia, as it is a seamless blending of sound with color, tastes with words, color with letters, or even space with numbers. While it is normal for individuals to integrate different senses through what is known as multimodal integration - an important process for perceptual tasks such as lip reading - synesthesia is a lower level blending of different sensory and cognitive pathways such that one automatically evokes the other. Synesthesia is a lifelong ability and often considered a gift,
The minds of individuals are like parallel universes, forever inaccessible to one another. Never do we truly see through the eyes of another person. It is common for us to wonder if other people experience the world in the same way we do. Is your green my red? Is my yellow your blue? While we can never directly answer these questions, we know that some people report a very different consciousness of the outside world than what is commonly experienced. This different conscious experience is known as synesthesia, as it is a seamless blending of sound with color, tastes with words, color with letters, or even space with numbers. While it is normal for individuals to integrate different senses through what is known as multimodal integration - an important process for perceptual tasks such as lip reading - synesthesia is a lower level blending of different sensory and cognitive pathways such that one automatically evokes the other. Synesthesia is a lifelong ability and often considered a gift,
In recognition of National Mental Illness Awareness Week, Wrong Brain presents new mixed-media work by Phoenix Mayet in a show entitled Individuation. The work on display explores the artists recovery from bipolar disorder. Individuation is a transformative process which results in the integration of the psyche and the recognition of ones authentic self. Phoenix has created works, including photographs, drawings and []
In this webinar, Jungian Analyst Dr. André De Koning will describe how alchemy was used as a metaphor for the process of individuation. How do we arrive at our essence? What is the framework for the growth of new knowledge? What is it that allows us to develop a different state of consciousness? For more info and to register please click here. ...
This contribution to infant psychology describes separation and individuation. It documents the intrapsychic process of a childs emergence from symbiotic fusion with the mother toward affirmation of his own psychological birth ...
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Dermato-onkologie klinische chemie dapoxetine 30mg 8 stück preisvergleich reagenzien technological und! 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines! For nurofen uk eccentrically this reason, the current recommendation for children younger than 1 year undergoing direct laryngoscopy is administration of atropine 002 mg/kg, independent of succinylcholine use? The information gathered is used to diagnose neu- American Optometric Association? Given this treatment method, recurrences in almost all patients can be reduced to once or twice per year, and the recurrences that occur will be milder? The Estate lies between Bains Kloof and the Groenberg Mountain Range? You can also contact your doctor at any point if you experience any troublesome or persistent side effects. Each volunteer was randomly assigned to receive one test sample each night, Monday ...
Epstein AE, DiMarco JP, Ellenbogen KA, et al. ACC/AHA/HRS 2008 guidelines for device-based therapy of cardiac rhythm abnormalities: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Revise the ACC/AHA/NASPE 2002 Guideline Update for Implantation of Cardiac Pacemakers and Antiarrhythmia Devices): developed in collaboration with the American Association for Thoracic Surgery and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Circulation. 2008;117:e350-e408. Lafuente-Lafuente C, Mah I, Extramiana F. Management of atrial fibrillation. BMJ. 2009; 339:b5216. doi: 10.1136/bjm.b5216. Miller JM, Zipes DP. Therapy for cardiac arrhythmias. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, . Braunwalds Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 37. Morady F. Electrophysiologic interventional procedures and surgery. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: ...
Rodents can successfully learn multiple novel stimulus-response associations after only a few repetitions when the contingencies predict reward. The circuits modified during such reinforcement learning to support decision-making are not known, but the olfactory tubercle (OT) and posterior piriform cortex (pPC) are candidates for decoding reward category from olfactory sensory input and relaying this information to cognitive and motor areas. Through single-cell recordings in behaving male and female C57BL/6 mice, we show here that an explicit representation for reward category emerges in the OT within minutes of learning a novel odor-reward association, whereas the pPC lacks an explicit representation even after weeks of overtraining. The explicit reward category representation in OT is visible in the first sniff (50-100 ms) of an odor on each trial, and precedes the motor action. Together, these results suggest that the coding of stimulus information required for reward prediction does not occur ...
Number-space synesthetes visualize numbers in specific spatial configurations. Their spatial-numerical perceptions are assumed to be automatic in nature and have been found to affect performance in various numerical tasks. The current study tested whether synesthetic number-space associations can modulate the well-established Size Congruency Effect (SiCE), which is considered to be an indication for the automaticity of numerical processing. Two groups, number-space synesthetes and matched controls, were tested on a numerical Stroop task (Henik and Tzelgov, 1982). In separate blocks, participants were presented with two digits and asked to make comparative judgments regarding either numerical values (numerical comparison) or physical size (physical comparison). Both dimensions were manipulated orthogonally, creating three congruency levels: congruent (e.g., 2 7), incongruent (e.g., 2 7) and neutral (e.g., 2 2 and 2 7 for physical and numerical blocks, respectively). For the numerical block, both
Common forms of this include seeing letters and numbers in color (color-grapheme), seeing numbers or days of the week taking up allotted physical space, or hearing colored shapes/geometric figures. No two forms of synesthesia are exactly alike, and it seems that almost any combination of the senses could occur. This sounds very exotic, but many with synesthesia do not realize - sometimes for their whole life - that they can see/taste/hear/feel things differently than anyone else. The neuroscience behind it is a little complicated, but research has pointed to the limbic system being involved (the limbic system is also the seat of emotions, behavior, motivation, long-term memory, olfaction and often unconscious brain processes). If youd like to read more about the subject, a good, non-scientific read is The Man Who Tasted Shapes by Richard Cytowic. Another interesting text is The Mind of a Mnemonist: A Little Book About A Vast Memory by A. R. Luria. Although this text is better known for its ...
Association. 1980. ISBN 0-8127-0247-6. Numbers 2006, p. 136. Numbers 2006, pp. 142-143, fn13 p479. Numbers, Ronald L. " ... Association. Retrieved 1 September 2017. ASIN B0006COMWY Numbers, Ronald (2006). The Creationists: From Scientific Creationism ...
Association • Assembly • Religion", An Introduction to Singapore's Constitution (rev. ed.), Singapore: Talisman Publishing, pp ...
Association. ASIN B000ID3YRK. Long, Gavin (1963). Volume VII - The Final Campaigns. Australia in the War of 1939-1945. Canberra ...
American Publishers' Association via Google Books. "Kate L. Dunwoody". Find A Grave. Retrieved August 18, 2015. The Dunwoody ... Part of a twenty-year battle between the neighborhood association and a developer, it was demolished in 1967. To start, ... Association. 18. "Dunwoody, William Hood (1841 - 1914), Capitalists / Financiers, Flour Milling Industry Leaders". American ... Dunwoody distinguished himself by organizing the Minneapolis Miller's Association, under which millers for a time co-operated ...
Association. Works by George McCready Price at Project Gutenberg Works by or about ...
There are more than 150 associations maintained by university students. Currently this list includes only the associations ... The European Association for the Transfer of Technologies, Innovation and Industrial Information (TII) T.I.M.E. Association ( ... In addition to the student union, Aalto university students have formed numerous associations for studies, cultural activity ... The European Association for University Lifelong Learning (EUCEN) University Consortium of Pori The main university campus is ...
Association. 1970. ...
"Association ( <-...-> )-Wolfram Language Documentation". "Key-Wolfram Language Documentation". reference ... sorted association list, red-black tree, and splay tree, respectively) using a user-provided structure to describe the key type ... Mathematica uses the Association expression to represent associative arrays. phonebook = <, "Sally Smart" -> "555-9999", "John ... which is mostly semantically identical to the comma and makes the key-value association clearer: %phone_book = ( 'Sally Smart ...
Association. Thurber, Robert Bruce (1921). In the Land of Pagodas. Southern Pub. Association. Myanmar-English Dictionary. ...
Association. Darlington's elevation to the Second League". Yorkshire Post. 6 May 1925. p. 12 - via British Newspaper Archive. ( ...
Received a Merit Award from the Association of University Women in Roanoke, Va., in 1956. She won a sterling silver bowl from ... She was also a founder of what is now called the Piedmont Arts Association in Martinsville, Virginia. A still controversial ... Association. LCCN: 90-085879. "Jessamine Shumate." 2008? Jessamine Shumate papers [ ...
Association. p. 315. Retrieved 3 January 2011. Asian almanac. s.n. 1976. p. 7676. Retrieved 3 January 2011. British ...
Inter-Association Matches. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 3 March 1890. The Association Game. Liverpool Mercury. p. 7. 10 March ... Association Cup Ties. Fifth Division. Small Heath v. Oldbury Town. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 28 October 1889. Sports and ... Association Cup Ties. Small Heath v. Clapton. Birmingham Daily Post. p. 7. 20 January 1890. Notes on Sport. Birmingham Daily ... In a one-sided game, Small Heath beat Oldbury Town 3-1 in the second qualifying round of the Association Cup. A goalless visit ...
In the 1902-03 season the club joined the Sheffield Association League and used their place in the Barnsley Association Minor ... p. 3. "Barnsley Association Football Union Minor Cup Final". Sheffield Independent. 26 April 1897. p. 7. "South Kirkby Colliery ... "Barnsley Association Clubs for Next Season". Barnsley Chronicle. 2 August 1902. p. 2. "Notes and Notions". Sheffield Evening ... p. 3. "Association". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. 4 May 1925. p. 3. "Sporting Paragraphs". Nottingham Evening Post. ...
Association. ASIN B000ID3YRK. Ammentorp, Steen. "Tanabe Moritake, Lieutenant-General (1889-1949)". Retrieved 2006-03-19. Budge ...
Association. pp. 354-366. James L. Huston (1987). The Panic of 1857 and the Coming of the Civil War. LSU Press. pp. 48-50. ...
"Association. Free State Cup. The Holders Well Beaten". The Irish Times. 16 February 1925. p. 8. "Association. Free State Cup- ... "More on John Francis 'Jack' Doran's Football Career : Coventry City Former Players Association ,, CCFPA". ...
Association. p. 401 - via Google Books. Philadelphia Monthly Meeting, Record of Births, Deaths, and Burials, 1688-1826. (2014) ...
Association. "LERA: John T. Dunlop Scholar Award". Archived from the original on 17 December 2005. Retrieved 19 July 2012. ... 3724, 2003 (revision at Journal of the European Economic Association). Featured in the World Development Report 2006 and 2007 ... Dunlop Outstanding Scholar Award from the Labor and Employment Relations Association, in recognition of her research ... Journal of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA), Editorial Board ...
Association. ASIN B000ID3YRK. McGee, William L. (2002). The Solomons Campaigns, 1942-1943: From Guadalcanal to Bougainville-- ...
The association immediately added Dzierżoniów in Poland as a Friendship Town. The association has received continuing support ... "association". Cheshire portal Cheshire East Council Website Cheshire Market towns CANTA the Crewe and ... Cheshire East is an observer member of the Association of Greater Manchester Authorities of Greater Manchester, which borders ... In 2003 the administration of twinning was passed to CANTA, the Crewe and Nantwich Twinning Association, a voluntary ...
Association football. A cup tie rehearsal?". Weekly Irish Times. 14 February 1914. p. 19. "Take That responsible for Kingo's ... Association. The Western League. Professional Section. St. George v. Reading". Bristol Mercury and Daily Post. 13 January 1898 ...
Association". Yorkshire Post. 23 February 1923. p. 3 - via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). "North ...
Association. p. 80. ISBN 978-0-8280-0894-5. Retrieved December 12, 2017. Popular Science. Bonnier Corporation. p. 123. ...
As a cricketer, he played a few matches for Durham in the Minor Counties Championship, and had a long association with ... Association". Yorkshire Post. 13 January 1922. p. 3 - via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). " ... Subscription required (help)). 'Novocastrian' (18 April 1914). "Association football. Cup finalists at Middlesbrough". ... "proved himself well up to the first grade of Association Football". He was retained for the 1914-15 season - the last before ...
Organic Consumers Association is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit. To support our work, please send a tax-deductible donation to: OCA, ... The Organic Consumers Association (OCA) today called for an international boycott of Unilever-owned Ben & Jerrys in ... Organic Consumers Association and Handsome Brook Farm Announce Settlement of Legal Actions Concerning Pasture-Raised Eggs ... Handsome Brook Farm and the Organic Consumers Association (OCA) today announced that they have resolved a consumer-protection ...
When youre feeling anxious or stressed, the strategies listed below can help you cope. We also encourage you to visit our managing stress and anxiety website page for helpful resources.
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The AEA interviews Kelly Bedard about how gender-neutral tenure clock stopping policies can actually widen the gender gap in the profession.. ...
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Learn more about the American Heart Associations efforts to reduce death caused by heart disease and stroke. Also learn about ... 2020 American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited.. The American Heart Association is a ... American Heart Association Hearts Together Challenge. Now more than ever, we need to fight together to support our families and ... The American Heart Association Donor Advised Fund Program offers an easy, flexible and tax-wise way to support all your ...
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The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) is the national professional, scientific, and credentialing association ... 2004). Association between the FOXP2 gene and autistic disorder in Chinese population. American Journal of Medical Genetics, ... This technical report was developed by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) Ad Hoc Committee on Apraxia of ... Behavioral variables that have been studied in association with CAS can be divided into six major domains: nonspeech motor, ...
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The Plastics Industry Association is the only organization that represents every segment of the plastics supply chain to make ... The Plastics Industry Association is the only organization that represents every segment of the plastics supply chain. ... From large trade shows like NPE to fall and spring niche market conferences hosted by Plastics Industry Association groups, the ...
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The American Christmas Tree Association (ACTA) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to help families choose the best ... Association is a resource for families. who want to create lasting Christmas memories. by choosing the perfect Christmas tree. ... The American Christmas Tree Association (ACTA) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to help families choose the best ... American Christmas Tree Associations Nationwide Survey Shows Growing Trend in Displaying Multiple Christmas Trees December […] ...
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The National Eczema Associations mission is to improve the health and quality of life for individuals living with eczema ... Welcome to the National Eczema Association. The National Eczema Association is the resource and the hub for the millions of ... National Eczema Association ​​​​​​​505 San Marin Drive, #B300 Novato, CA 94945 800-818-7546 or 415-499-3474 ...
Conventional Mixed-Model Genome-wide Association Analysis. A conventional mixed-model genome-wide association analysis was used ... A, Comparison of conventional mixed-model association mapping approach with logistic growth response association mapping ... The most significant association was observed on day 14 after 90 mm NaCl for class 41 (P , 1.14 × 10-14; id1015984). The ... However, significant associations were not observed again in this region until day 5 after 90 mm NaCl (class 52; P , 9.91 × 10- ...
  • The American Christmas Tree Association is a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide the public with the data necessary for them the make educated, informed decisions when purchasing Christmas trees. (
  • American Skin Association (EIN 13-3401320) is a not-for-profit organization recognized as a tax-exempt under the Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3). (
  • The Boniface Association, in German Bonifatiuswerk, is a Roman Catholic organization whose primary aim is to support Catholicism in largely Protestant areas of Germany and areas formerly part of the German empire. (
  • Arkadaş Association is an Israel-Turkey friendship organization located in Yehud-Monosson, Israel. (
  • The ME Association is a UK health charitable organization that provides information, advocacy, and services to persons and families affected by ME/CFS, and raises funds for research into ME/CFS. (
  • A family association or family organization is an organization formed by people who share a common ancestor or surname. (
  • The Tizen Association (Formerly The LiMo (Linux Mobile) Foundation) is a non-profit technology consortium organization dedicated to creating the first truly open, hardware-independent, Linux-based mobile operating system for smartphone mobile devices. (
  • The Columbia Association (CA) is a management organization for the financing, and maintenance of common-use facilities of the Rouse Company planned development of Columbia, Maryland. (
  • In 1982, the association created the Columbia Archives non-profit organization. (
  • The National Organization of Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Associations coordinates multi-state guaranty efforts in the United States. (
  • The guaranty associations of the fifty states are members of a national umbrella association, the National Organization of Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Associations (NOLHGA). (
  • In Florida, the guaranty associations are the Florida Insurance Guaranty Association, Florida Health Maintenance Organization Consumer Assistance Plan, Florida Life and Health Insurance Guaranty Association, and Florida Workers' Compensation Insurance Guaranty Association. (
  • However, it grew quickly and established itself as one of the largest science associations connected to the Swedish organization Förbundet Unga Forskare (FUF) in the region. (
  • from the Greek philáretos, "lovers of virtue") was a secret organization created in 1820 by Tomasz Zan within the Philomates following the dissolution, under pressure from Wilno University authorities, of the Radiant Association. (
  • Darüşşafaka Association, the first non-governmental organization in Turkish history in the field of education, was founded in 1863 with the mission of providing "equity in education. (
  • The Glendon Association is a non-profit organization that conducts and publishes mental health research, and provides education and outreach training on topics related to suicide and violence prevention. (
  • The SD Association (SDA) is a non-profit organization that sets memory card standards intended to simplify the use and optimize the performance of consumer electronics that people use in every country. (
  • Polska Podziemna, Inne Organizacje Zbrojne, Tajna Organizacja Wojskowa "Związek Orła Białego", Organizacja Orła Białego" [Polish underground resistance, other armed organizations, White Eagle Association, White Eagle Organization] (in Polish). (
  • Some neighborhood associations in the United States are incorporated, may be recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as 501(c)(4) nonprofit organization, and may enjoy freedom from taxation from their home state. (
  • There exists four general frameworks to understanding how a local organization, such as a neighborhood association, may straddle the state-society realm. (
  • citation needed] To reflect the increased role of cable internet and other forms of two-way communication in the industry, the organization changed its name to the National Cable and Telecommunications Association in April 2001. (
  • A factual association is an organization which only exists because of a common achievement or goal. (
  • Huasing Association is a not-for-profit organization in Singapore. (
  • The Irrigation Association (IA) is a membership organization, founded in 1949, that includes over 1,500 irrigation companies and professionals in agriculture, landscape and golf. (
  • The Irrigation Foundation is a non-profit organization created by the Irrigation Association for the promotion of irrigation education. (
  • The ALS Association is an American nonprofit organization that raises money for research and patient services, promotes awareness about and advocates in state and federal government on issues related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. (
  • The ALS Association chapter is a multi-faceted grass-roots organization that carries out the ALS Association's mission and strategic goals at the community level. (
  • It grants the developer privileged voting rights in governing the association, while allowing the developer to exit financial and legal responsibility of the organization. (
  • A professional association (also called a professional body, professional organization, or professional society) is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession and the public interest. (
  • A voluntary group or union (also sometimes called a voluntary organization, common-interest association, association, or society) is a group of individuals who enter into an agreement, usually as volunteers, to form a body (or organization) to accomplish a purpose. (
  • A civic association is a type of organization whose official goal is to improve neighborhoods through volunteer work by its members. (
  • The Limbless Association, is a charitable organization in the United Kingdom set up to help those with limb loss, and assist their families and carers. (
  • The PAX Association (Polish: Stowarzyszenie PAX) was a pro-communist secular Catholic organization created in 1947 in the People's Republic of Poland at the onset of the Stalinist period. (
  • Association Kokopelli is a non-profit organization based in Le Mas d'Azil, France with small independent branches in Italy, United Kingdom, Belgium, Germany and Brazil. (
  • Established on February 27, 1977, the Fulbright Association is a private, nonprofit organization whose members are Fulbright Program alumni and friends of international education. (
  • Pfrang Association (also known as Pfrang) is a charitable organization based in Nanjing, China which raises money to assist with the education of children in the poor and rural regions of Jiangsu Province. (
  • The Parkinson Association is a Southern California mental health care service organization, supports Parkinson's research and is a not-for-profit organization. (
  • The organization was known as the Parkinson's Association of San Diego until it expanded into the greater Los Angeles Area. (
  • A prosecution association was an organization of citizens, typically in the same community, who paid dues to cover one another's costs of privately prosecuting offenders should a crime be committed against them. (
  • The Alzheimer's Association was founded by Jerome H. Stone with the help of several family members in Chicago, Illinois and incorporated in April 10, 1980 as the Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association, Inc. and is a non-profit American volunteer health organization which focuses on care, support and research for Alzheimer's disease. (
  • The Bethlehem Association is a non-profit charitable organization based in Pennsylvania with the stated goal of bringing together people from North America and the rest of the world who have family origins in and around the Palestinian city of Bethlehem, including the adjoining villages of Beit Jala and Beit Sahur, in the West Bank. (
  • Jean Delay was the first president of the Association for the Organization of World Congresses of Psychiatry when it was started in 1950. (
  • Representatives of the societies constitute the World Psychiatric Association General Assembly, the governing body of the organization. (
  • TB/HIV Care Association is a non-profit organization that aims to improve TB management by increasing access to TB and HIV diagnosis, care, treatment and community-based adherence support. (
  • The Muslim Student Association , or Muslim Student Union , of the U.S. and Canada, also known as MSA National , is a religious organization dedicated to establishing and maintaining Islamic societies on college campuses in Canada and the United States. (
  • It was re-incorporated in 1934 as a secular organization, the Yale-in-China Association, and in 1975 as the Yale-China Association. (
  • The Alzheimer's Association is the leading voluntary health organization in Alzheimer's care, support and research. (
  • Alzheimer's Association is a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization. (
  • Formed in 1980, the Alzheimer's Association is the world's leading voluntary health organization in Alzheimer's care, support and research. (
  • The Arabic Culture Student Association is a college student organization. (
  • The International Game Fish Association is a nonprofit , tax exempt organization, supported by its membership and governed by an Executive Committee and Board of Trustees. (
  • Colorado Tick-Borne Disease Awareness Association (COTBDAA) presents Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: 3rd Rocky Mountain Forum , on May 19, 2018 at the PACE center in Parker, Colorado this year! (
  • Events - The Permaculture Association will have a stall at the Oxford Real Farming Conference 2018. (
  • Rudas T. (2018) Association. (
  • Mark Your Calendars today for the 2018 IBEA November Conference which will be in conjunction with the North Central Business Education Association this coming November 16-17, 2018 at the Indianapolis Wyndham West Hotel in Indianapolis, Indiana. (
  • WASHINGTON, D.C., December 19, 2018 - The Building Our Largest Dementia (BOLD) Infrastructure for Alzheimer's Act (S. 2076/H.R. 4256), legislation championed by the Alzheimer's Association and the Alzheimer's Impact Movement (AIM) was passed by the U.S. House of Representatives today. (
  • Lori Gordon started as an Alzheimer's Association support group facilitator in 2018, inspired to educate others after losing her aunt to Alzheimer's. (
  • Handsome Brook Farm and the Organic Consumers Association (OCA) today announced that they have resolved a consumer-protection action OCA filed against Handsome Brook in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia on August 29, 2016, concerning Handsome Brook Farm's "Pasture Raised" egg labels. (
  • The association gained broader public attention in 2016 for nutrition research that its Research Foundation executive, John Hickson, had commissioned in the mid-1960s. (
  • In February 2016, the SD Association announced it's fastest speed class, Video Speed Class, which delivers real-time multi-file recording for many applications and supports the highest video resolutions and qualities available. (
  • On September 19, 2016, NCTA changed its name once more, to NCTA - The Internet & Television Association. (
  • As of 2016,[update] the institutional members of the World Psychiatric Association are 138 national psychiatric societies in 118 countries representing more than 200,000 psychiatrists worldwide. (
  • and the following partnering professional organizations: American Academy of Physician Assistants, Association of Black Cardiologists, American College of Preventive Medicine, American Geriatrics Society, American Pharmacists Association, American Society of Hypertension, American Society for Preventive Cardiology, National Medical Association, and Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association. (
  • In order to assist companies in making the most of PDF technology, the PDF Association provides organizations with information and resources on the variety of International Standards available for PDF. (
  • Association law is a term used in the United States for the law governing homeowner associations and related organizations. (
  • Family associations and organizations often figure prominently among the Overseas Chinese. (
  • Guaranty associations are organizations which guarantee insurance policies in the event of an insolvency event. (
  • Church organizations, the Austrian Students' Association, the Europahaus Eisenstadt, youth organizations (SJ & JVP) and an array of development policy focused research groups united to tackle this endeavour. (
  • The association coordinates many of its projects in cooperation with various international partner organizations. (
  • In 1912, both organizations were merged, under the Headquarters of the Riflemen's Association, located in Lwow, and commanded by Józef Piłsudski and Kazimierz Sosnkowski. (
  • Several modern organizations exist which trace back their roots to the traditions of the Riflemen's Association. (
  • Mass organizations would be considered the most statist, where the local associations are closely linked to the state. (
  • CarSharing Association (CSA) is a federation of 25 carsharing organizations worldwide representing more than 4,000 shared vehicles and more than 125,000 member-drivers in total. (
  • Already partnering with many organizations around the world including the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the ALS Association brings together an expert team of scientific and business advisors to steer this import drug discovery program. (
  • The association also partners with other scientific and voluntary organizations to host symposia on neurodegenerative diseases where mechanisms of the diseases may be similar and offer clues to understanding ALS. (
  • Based in Washington, D.C., the ALS Association coordinates the federal and state advocacy program, works directly with Congress, the White House, other federal agencies and other national organizations, and provides training and support for ALS Association advocates. (
  • As a practical matter, most professional organizations of global scope (see List of international professional associations) are located in the United States. (
  • In Ancient Greece, for example, there were various organizations ranging from elite clubs of wealthy men (hetaireiai) to private religious or professional associations. (
  • Consumers' Association is a common name for consumer protection organizations and can refer to: Australian Consumers Association Fiji Consumers Association Consumers' Association of Ireland Which? (
  • The Parkinson's Association research scientists collaborates with other research organizations on Parkinson's specific stem cell research and disease progression projects. (
  • One of these organizations was the American Paint Quarter Horse Association (or APQHA) and the other was the American Paint Stock Horse Association (or APSHA). (
  • Since December 1993, the association has been based at the University of Leicester. (
  • AUTIF, before 1993, was itself known as the Unit Trust Association and was established in 1959. (
  • The Carlton Association was a community action group that campaigned on behalf of residents of the suburb of Carlton in Melbourne, Australia, between the years 1969 and 1993. (
  • The association published the Słowo Powszechne daily for almost fifty years between 1947 and 1993 with an average of 312 issues annually. (
  • In October 1993, the association launched the J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding, awarding the inaugural prize to former South African President Nelson R. Mandela in a ceremony at the U.S. Department of State. (
  • In 1993, the Fulbright Association also held the first special event benefit in its history, an 88th Birthday Tribute to Senator Fulbright. (
  • It was formed in 1969 and was disbanded in 1993, as responsibility for overseeing all aspects of the game of women's football in England passed to The Football Association . (
  • ALS Association advocacy efforts have led to federal funding for peer reviewed medical research (2003) and shorter waiting periods for Medicare patients with ALS (2001). (
  • Sherpa is a French law association, founded in 2001. (
  • CADC and ST-ECF released the second generation of WFPC2 Associations, known as type B associations in November 2001. (
  • PCHETA was introduced by Representative Eliot Engel (D-NY), Representative Tom Reed (R-NY), Senator Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), and Senator Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV) and is a top legislative priority of the Alzheimer's Association and AIM. (
  • On behalf of the more than 5 million Americans living with the disease and the 16 million more providing unpaid care, we are thankful to the bill's sponsors and the House for passing this important legislation," said Harry Johns, Alzheimer's Association and AIM President and CEO . (
  • The legislation was developed in close partnership between the sponsors, the Alzheimer's Association and AIM, and unanimously passed the Senate. (
  • Columbia Association's mission is to make Columbia a better place to live, work and play and in support of this, Columbia Association (CA) hosts an array of community events including to meet the needs of the community. (
  • Some jurisdictions require that the association register with the police or other official body to inform the public of the association's existence. (
  • The Fulbright Association administers the endowed Selma Jeanne Cohen Fund lecture, a presentation at the association's annual conference about previously unpublished research in dance history or other areas of dance scholarship. (
  • The counties which composed the Eastern Association were some of the richest agricultural regions of England, so the Association's forces were some of best financed and equipped troops on either side in the early part of the civil war. (
  • However, as the riding association remains the prime point of contact between members and the party they remain important for leadership candidates in their attempt to gain support, and prospective leadership candidates will often attempt to win control of a riding association's executive when it is elected at the annual general meeting even if a leadership election is not anticipated for several years. (
  • The Association's integrated approach to addressing both TB and HIV issues has made TB/HIV Care Association a pioneer in implementing a parallel system of support for TB and HIV clients. (
  • In my view, the fact that the Association funded my previous and current studies on AICD demonstrates the Association's willingness to support innovative but risky ideas that more traditional agencies are reluctant to fund. (
  • Just a couple of days after sharing a post about the need for more community educators with one of her global physician social media groups, the San Diego Chapter of the Alzheimer's Association received multiple inquiries from various physicians around the world wanting to help the Association's cause. (
  • MEA is the Monroe Education Association that is our bargaining unit that includes 230 members. (
  • Members of the association paid a subscription fee and received books annually to the value of that fee. (
  • By 1959 the Association had reached its highest membership, with more than 5,000 members. (
  • Members of the Tizen Association are: Phones using LiMo include: In the end of September 2011 it was announced by the Linux Foundation that MeeGo will be totally replaced by the Tizen mobile operating system project during 2012. (
  • the franchise for the elections was restricted to people who were members of a "constituent association" recognised by the Governor-General. (
  • The founding individual members include: Youichi Morishita, President of Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd Eli Harari, CEO and founder of SanDisk LLC Taizo Nishimuro, CEO and president of Toshiba Corporation The SD Association held its first meeting on Jan. 28, 2000 in San Francisco and elected the first SDA Board of Directors on April 13. (
  • Organized by a dozen titled members of London's upper-class establishment and led by Sir Joseph Banks, the African Association felt that it was the great failing of the Age of Enlightenment that, in a time when men could sail around the world, the geography of the Dark Continent remained almost entirely uncharted. (
  • Among the most active members of the Riflemen's Association were students of Kraków's Jagiellonian University, and by the summer of 1914, the association had 6,449 trained members, most of whom came from western Galicia. (
  • In mid-1939, the association had some 500,000 members. (
  • Bookkeeping associations can provide help on bookkeeping issues, tax issues, legal issues and professional development for their members. (
  • In many such jurisdictions, only a registered association (or in the UK an incorporated body) is a juristic person whose members are not responsible for the financial acts of the association. (
  • In most countries, an unincorporated association does not have separate legal personality, and few members of the association usually enjoy limited liability. (
  • Once the occupants of the Lee Street block were served with compulsory acquisition notices, members of the Association intensified their efforts. (
  • Occasionally, The Mathematical Association adopts position papers prompted by discussions amongst ordinary members, and at their committees. (
  • 2. Associate membership is offered to adopted and stepchildren, and to spouses of regular members if such persons show interest in the association by attendance at meetings, by correspondence with the Secretary, or by monetary contributions. (
  • The provision of funds for "emigration" aimed to allow the Association to offer assisted passages to members of the working classes with desirable skills for the new colony. (
  • The Canterbury Association (1848-1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections (PDF). (
  • Fulbright Association members form the active constituency for Fulbright exchanges to ensure that they continue to benefit future generations. (
  • The Fulbright Association currently has approximately 10,000 individual members. (
  • Approximately 230 institutional members support the Fulbright Association. (
  • One of the associations' tasks was to support and to look after its members by helping out with applications, search of accommodation or education. (
  • Besides many cultural project which take place annually, the members of the association give lectures about Sinti and Romani people in Austria and report from own experiences of being part of the minority. (
  • The reasons for founding the association was to strengthen the co-operation between the bands and subsequently their members. (
  • Most riding associations have an elected executive and attempt to have activities for local party members at regular intervals. (
  • The Parkinson's Association offered programs and services to assist Parkinson's patients, their family members, and care partners. (
  • The National Typographical Association collapsed in 1848, and delegates from across Yorkshire and Lancashire met at Angel Street in Sheffield to found the Provincial Typographical Association, intended to recreate the former Northern Typographical Union and to focus on paying benefits to members on strike. (
  • Various standing committees are populated by Association members and focus on specific areas of magistrates' activities. (
  • The prosecution associations sometimes also provided crime insurance to their members, and would go after offenders in an effort to obtain restitution. (
  • The Permaculture Association offers its members a range of services including discounts for events, opportunities to network, promotion and support of projects and a telephone helpline. (
  • The Permaculture Association organises a biennial national gathering of members, known as a convergence. (
  • The Catenian Association is a Roman Catholic lay society with 10,000 members (known as "brothers") in a number of English-speaking countries. (
  • Although a Catholic lay society, it has no political, ecumenical or theological objectives as an association, but is more an association of "Brothers" (as members are termed) who themselves are active in Catholic activities and building family bonds. (
  • The association also has individual members and there are provisions for affiliation of other associations (e.g., those dealing with a particular topic in psychiatry). (
  • By 1895, the name was changed to International Longshoremen's Association to reflect the growing numbers of Canadian members. (
  • The statutory minimum number of members for forming a registered association is 7. (
  • Purebred Dexter Cattle Association is a Public Group with 180 members. (
  • Cereals & Grains Association members receive a 30% discount on Elsevier Science and Technology books PLUS free shipping. (
  • The goal of the Alzheimer's Association support groups is to provide emotional, social and/or educational support to group members. (
  • North Texas Peace Corps Association is a Public Group with 341 members. (
  • The HNMCS Parent Association is recruiting members for next year's team. (
  • The RPA changed its name to the "Rationalist Association" in 2002. (
  • In 2002 the Association changed its name to the Rationalist Association. (
  • The IMA was established in 2002 after a merger of the Association of Unit Trust and Investment Funds (AUTIF) and the Fund Managers Association. (
  • The national association was formed on September 12, 2009, however, the first local KSAF association was formed already in 2002 in Stockholm. (
  • For the former professional American Football League, see Women's Football Association (2002-03) . (
  • In addition to the primary elements of Darüşşafaka Society and the Darüşşafaka Schools, the Darüşşafaka family consists of the following: Darüşşafaka residences (Yakacık, Maltepe, Şenesenevler and Urla residences), Urla Yaşam, Maltepe Special Care Unit, Ömran and Yahya Hamuluoğlu Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Center, Darüşşafaka Alumni Association and Darüşşafaka Sports Club. (
  • and we shall encourage their cooperation with the Fulbright Alumni Association of the United States of America. (
  • Are you willing to receive emails from the Alumni Association? (
  • The Student Alumni Association creates a legacy at the University of Oklahoma by connecting students and alumni, fostering tradition and inspiring philanthropy. (
  • The Student Alumni Association was founded in 1985 by a group of students, joined with the OU Alumni Association. (
  • From its original purpose, forming a body of students interested in the good name and ambassadorship of the University, the Student Alumni Association has grown, encompassing much more with an expanded mission. (
  • The OU Alumni Association invites you to join fellow graduates on a celebratory journey through Europe after graduation. (
  • The Parents' Association initiates and coordinates a range of events and projects which aim to promote the education, interests and well-being of our children, the pupils, of St. Canice's. (
  • The same association values predict differences between stimuli on a wide range of tasks, from visual search through short-term memory to the context in which the concept was originally introduced, paired-associate learning involving long-term memory. (
  • To test whether a key is associated with a value in a given association list, search the list starting at its first node and continuing either until a node containing the key has been found or until the search reaches the end of the list (in which case the key is not present). (
  • Although some implementations of association lists disallow having multiple nodes with the same keys as each other, such duplications are not problematic for this search algorithm: duplicate keys that appear later in the list are ignored. (
  • The disadvantage of association lists is that the time to search is O(n), where n is the length of the list. (
  • Additionally, when the number of keys is very small, searching an association list may be more efficient than searching a binary search tree or hash table, because of the greater simplicity of their implementation. (
  • See in particular p. 12 for functions that search an association list and use it to substitute symbols in another expression, and p. 103 for the application of association lists in maintaining variable bindings. (
  • Panasonic Corporation, SanDisk LLC and Toshiba Corporation formed the SD Association in January 2000. (
  • The Pfrang Association was established in November 2000 in memory of the deaths of Sandra, Thorsten, Petra and Jürgen Pfrang, inspired by the desire to keep their memories alive in a positive way. (
  • The Michigan Life & Health Insurance Guaranty Association (MLHIGA) is a nonprofit association of life and health insurance companies authorized to write life insurance, annuities or health insurance in the state of Michigan. (
  • Cereals & Grains Association, a global, nonprofit association working to advance the understanding and knowledge of cereal grain science and its product development applications through research, leadership, education, superior technical service, and advocacy, has aligned with Elsevier, one of the world's leading scientific and technical publishers. (
  • The Lindisfarne Association was first based in Southampton, New York in 1973 and then in Manhattan at the Church of the Holy Communion and Buildings which was leased to Lindisfarne from 1976-1979. (
  • Jerome H. Stone founded the Alzheimer's Association with the help of several family support groups after meeting with the National Institute on Aging in 1979. (
  • Announcing the 4th Annual Midcoast Lyme Disease Support & Education Conference at the Augusta Civic Center (Augusta, Maine) on Saturday, April 28th from 8am-5pm, supported by an educational grant from the Lyme Disease Association, Inc. ADMISSION is FREE AND OPEN TO THE PUBLIC. (
  • The American Heart Association Donor Advised Fund Program offers an easy, flexible and tax-wise way to support all your favorite charities through one account. (
  • The aims of the Association are to encourage and support research in the field of diabetes, the rapid diffusion of acquired knowledge and to facilitate its application. (
  • The object of the association is to maintain what the Catholic Church possesses in those regions where Catholics are few in number, to found and support missions and schools, and to erect churches, parish-houses and schools for Catholics in the Protestant parts of Germany. (
  • Most operating systems support file associations in some form or the other. (
  • Linux-based GUIs, such as KDE and GNOME, support MIME type-based associations. (
  • Secondly, it facilitated easy calculation of total association membership numbers so that O'Connell could say with confidence that he had the support of so many people. (
  • Bookkeeping associations are founded to provide support and standards for the bookkeeping industry. (
  • For example, in the Rescorla-Wagner model of classical conditioning, the parameter β, which expresses the capacity of the unconditional stimulus to support learning, is sometimes referred to as its association value. (
  • The ALS Association network plays a lead role in advocacy for increased public and private support of ALS research and health care reform that responds to the demands imposed by ALS. (
  • Advocacy for research, health & long-term care, and caregiver support is the primary function of the Advocacy and Public Policy Department of the ALS Association. (
  • The association provides information, advice, and support for people of all ages who are without one or more limbs. (
  • Following the Soviet takeover, the PAX Association had been formed with the intention to undermine grass-roots support for the Roman Catholic Church in Stalinist Poland. (
  • Pfrang Association support is in all cases completely nonpaid. (
  • Following the withdrawal of financial support from Macmillan Cancer Relief in 2004 new trustees were sought and the British Colostomy Association is replaced by the Colostomy Association - an entirely self-funded charity. (
  • Among the nation's oldest athletic clubs, the Boston Athletic Association was established on March 15, 1887 under its first president, Robert F. Clark , and with the support of George Walker Weld and other leading sports enthusiasts, entrepreneurs and politicians of the day. (
  • The resources available under the OAA are a critically important support system for older individuals with Alzheimer's, and we must make them available to individuals with younger-onset Alzheimer's and other dementias too," said Robert Egge, Alzheimer's Association chief public policy officer and AIM executive director . (
  • Alzheimer's Association is the nation's largest event to raise awareness and funds for Alzheimer's care, support and research. (
  • Help guide Alzheimer's Association support groups - open gatherings of people with common problems, needs and interests who come together to share their feelings, thoughts and experiences in a combined effort to better cope with and manage the shared problems of dementia in a safe environment. (
  • Association advocates have successfully raised government funds for Alzheimer's research and improved access to care and support services for people in their communities. (
  • Lori went above and beyond to kickstart two new support groups in Kitsap County, Washington, even participating in a podcast to advertise these groups and spread awareness of all the Association has to offer. (
  • The Alzheimer's Association through our advocacy arm, the Alzheimer's Impact Movement (AIM), is proud to support Kevin and Avonte's Law (S. 2070/H.R. 4221) which reauthorizes the Missing Americans Alert Program to help local law enforcement officials quickly identify people with Alzheimer's who wander and reunite them with their families. (
  • Similarly to Association Artifacts, Association Classes support the usual UML2 qualifiers. (
  • The PDF Association promotes the adoption and use of International Standards related to PDF technology by assisting enterprise content management (ECM), document management system (DMS) and advanced PDF users with the implementation of PDF technology on an organizational level. (
  • The Association also promotes the Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice for round-trip, station-based carsharing operators. (
  • The association supports and promotes international educational and cultural exchange and the ideal most associated with the Fulbright name-mutual understanding among the peoples of the world. (
  • The Permaculture Association is a registered charity that promotes the theory and practice of permaculture in Britain and worldwide. (
  • Usually, state law prohibits insurance agents and companies from using the guaranty association in any advertising and agents are prohibited by statute from using this Web site or the existence of the guaranty association as an inducement to purchase insurance. (
  • Interpretive tools such as the Harris matrix and stratification are instrumental in deducing the associations of contexts on site and by deduction the function of archaeological remains. (
  • To facilitate interaction and discussion on global issues, the association has launched an online community for Fulbright alumni and has increased the functionality of that network with a redesigned web site. (
  • The Rationalist Association, originally the Rationalist Press Association, is an organisation in the United Kingdom, founded in 1885 by a group of free thinkers who were unhappy with the increasingly political and decreasingly intellectual tenor of the British secularist movement. (
  • Crescendo Association is a non-profit organisation dedicated to Progressive Rock music. (
  • The Church Association was an English evangelical Anglican organisation founded in 1865. (
  • The Catholic Association was an Irish Roman Catholic political organisation set up by Daniel O'Connell in the early nineteenth century to campaign for Catholic emancipation within Great Britain. (
  • The Sportsman's Association is a pro-shooting organisation in the UK. (
  • In the UK, the terms Voluntary Association or Voluntary Organisation cover every type of group from a small local Residents' Association to large Associations (often Registered Charities) with multimillion-pound turnover that run large-scale business operations (often providing some kind of public service as subcontractors to government departments or local authorities). (
  • The Eastern Association of counties was a Parliamentarian organisation during the English Civil War. (
  • An 'umbrella organisation', the AA represents industry associations including advertiser body ISBA, agency body IPA, the IAB, the DMA and a number of media owners such as ITV, Channel 4 and Five. (
  • The Magistrates' Association is the membership organisation for magistrates in England and Wales. (
  • The Palaeontological Association (PalAss for short) is a charitable organisation based in the UK founded in 1957 for the promotion of the study of palaeontology and allied sciences. (
  • The World Psychiatric Association is an international umbrella organisation of psychiatric societies. (
  • The game's National Development Plan 2010-2015, entitled Our Game, Our Passion, aims to increase the club base of the association from 540 clubs to 750 by 2015. (
  • Amongst the major aims of the association are: The integration of the disabled into the economic circuit as wage-earners or self-employed The exploration of new employment fields and areas The rehabilitation and training of the disabled The follow-up and supervision of the disabled Awareness-raising BASMA's action is not confined to the employment of the disabled. (
  • In 2007 a PEPFAR grant administered through CDC was given to TB/HIV Care Association to establish Project Integrate, an extension of the TB Care program that aims to integrate TB and HIV care. (
  • The association agreed to pay $168,000 in matching HUD funds for a $416,600 study to investigate driverless automated bus services for Columbia. (
  • With annual funding for the past 15 years from the U. S. Department of State, the association has awarded funds to chapters to provide more than 150 local enrichment events and activities annually for Fulbright visiting students, teachers and scholars from abroad. (
  • Looking for a way to raise funds for the Alzheimer's Association, Abbott organized a powder puff football game in tribute to her father, a lifelong football fan. (
  • Dr. Carolina Gutierrez , a long time supporter and volunteer community educator for the Alzheimer's Association locally in San Diego, recently presented one of the chapter's first Spanish-language virtual programs. (
  • The rules for formation of a neighborhood association in the United States are sometimes regulated at the city or state level. (
  • Lyme Disease Association was founded in 1991 with the mission to increase nationwide funding and awareness about Lyme and tick-borne diseases. (
  • This is a FREE Awareness and Education Event, supported by an educational grant from the Lyme Disease Association, Inc. The Forum will run from 8:00 am - 5pm. (
  • The Aerotoxic Association was founded on 18 June 2007, at the British Houses of Parliament by former BAe 146 Training Captain John Hoyte, to raise public awareness about the ill health allegedly caused after exposure to airliner cabin air that he claimed been contaminated to toxic levels, by engine oil leaking into the bleed air system, which pressurizes all jet aircraft, with the exception of the Boeing 787[citation needed]. (
  • Smart Irrigation Month is a campaign by the Irrigation Association to increase public awareness of the value of water-use efficiency and grow demand for water-saving products, practices and services. (
  • During this yearly event more than 800 people from all states join the ALS Association in Washington, D.C., to raise awareness of ALS. (
  • The work was presented and explained to the audience at two events, cultural and environmental issues in collaboration with other associations and local businesses in order to raise awareness and further stimulate people about the possibilities, practical and creative offers from recycling. (
  • The Walk to End Alzheimer's is the world's largest event, hosted by The Alzheimer's Association, to bring awareness to Alzheimer's care. (
  • Endorsed by the Alzheimer's Association and the Alzheimer's Impact Movement (AIM), PCHETA is critical legislation that would ensure an adequate, well-trained palliative care workforce through workforce training, education and awareness, and enhanced research. (
  • The Alzheimer's Association created this blog to allow caregivers and those with Alzheimer's to share their story, and to keep the community up-to-date on efforts to increase awareness and federal funding of research. (
  • I love that I am able to share my knowledge and help spread awareness about the resources offered by the Alzheimer's Association. (
  • Join the Alzheimer's Association in going purple and raising awareness this June. (
  • According to Donald R. Stabile, the explosion in the number of CIDs (many of which were based on homeowners' associations) was strongly influenced by a 1964 publication (TB 50) by the Urban Land Institute . (
  • In 1964, the Association merged with the London Typographical Society to create the National Graphical Association. (
  • Walter A. Brown was the President of the Boston Athletic Association from 1941 to 1964. (
  • Mason, along with Washington and Richard Henry Lee, spent several weeks formulating the language of a non-importation association that would ultimately help strengthen the state's economy. (
  • Above all the Catenian Association seeks always to strengthen family life through friendship and faith. (
  • The Virginia Association was a series of non-importation agreements adopted by Virginians in 1769 as a way of speeding economic recovery and opposing the Townshend Acts. (
  • Drafted by George Mason and passed by the Virginia House of Burgesses in May 1769, the Virginia Association was a way for Virginians to stand united against continued British taxation and trade control. (
  • The Virginia Association served as the framework and precursor to the larger more powerful Continental Association. (
  • The adoption of the Virginia Association resolutions was preceded by a push from northern Virginians for expanded domestic industry. (
  • After amending some of the articles and the preamble, the House of Burgesses, which was made up two representatives from each of the countries, proceeded to pass the Virginia Association resolutions. (
  • In the preamble of the Virginia Association resolutions, it was declared that the "Townshend Acts were unconstitutional and destructive to the cause of liberty. (
  • On October 20, 1774, Congress created the Association, based on the earlier Virginia Association. (
  • Homeowners associations are commonly found in residential developments since the passage of the Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act in 1985. (
  • More commonly, a file association associates a class of files (usually determined by their filename extension, such as .txt) with a corresponding application (such as a text editor). (
  • Polish Riflemen's Associations active in the German Empire (see Partitions of Poland) were illegal, and operated without permission of the government of the Kingdom of Prussia. (
  • In the Second Polish Republic, the Riflemen's Association concentrated its efforts in the countryside, and among poor urban youth. (
  • Znak (Polish: Sign, Symbol) was an association of lay Catholics in Poland, active between 1956 and 1976. (
  • The Revolutionary Association (Polish: Związek Rewolucyjny) was a Polish 18th century underground society, founded in Warsaw. (
  • The regime's control of local society was enhanced by the work of association units established within Manchu villages, Hui mosques, and the Chinese community self-surveillance system (baojia). (
  • Other young moving groups include: Local Association (Pleiades moving group) Hyades Stream IC 2391 supercluster Beta Pictoris moving group Castor moving group AB Doradus moving group Zeta Herculis moving group Alpha Persei moving cluster OB star Moving groups Open clusters Israelian, Garik (1997). (
  • The association had 3,000 local branches, with 15 regions. (
  • The Civil Society theory is considered the least statist and here the local associations are extremely self-reliant. (
  • This event is held each fall through spring by local chapters of the association in cities across the United States. (
  • In the first year of life, the association has been moving in different sectors, addressing issues related to sustainable development and the local economy, stimulate the creation of Districts of Social Economy, experiences of local currency, promote Ethical Finance and Fair Trade & Solidarity. (
  • In this way, the association list can function as a stack, allowing local variables to temporarily shadow other variables with the same names, without destroying the values of those other variables. (
  • The national associations and its local associations are politically and religiously independent. (
  • In addition, the party constitution usually allows each riding association to hold a nomination meeting, which selects the party's local candidate. (
  • A ministerial association is an ecumenical Christian group that is active on the local level. (
  • The structure of I × J tables, as described by the systems of local or spanning cell odds ratios, which are generalizations of the simple odds ratio defined for 2 × 2 tables, is described and analyzed by association models. (
  • In 1892, delegates from eleven ports convened in Detroit where they adopted the by-laws of the Longshoremen's Chicago local and the name National Longshoremen's Association of The United States. (
  • 80 years ago the ECEA was founded in order to "be a source of advice, help encouragement, information and cooperation for the local associations within the county. (
  • Print copies are available through your local Alzheimer's Association. (
  • The Hairenik Association moved to its present location in 1986 following a long fundraising campaign to replace its aging headquarters on Stuart Street in downtown Boston. (
  • The Players Association were a New York based studio group, put together by drummer / arranger Chris Hills and producer Danny Weiss in 1977 on Vanguard Records. (
  • The band proved more popular in the United Kingdom, where they scored three chart singles (including "Turn the Music Up" which reached number 8) and one chart album, which also prompted a British tour, although after the release of five albums between 1977 and 1981, the association ended. (
  • In the United States, a homeowner association (or homeowners' association , abbreviated HOA , sometimes referred to as a property owners' association or POA ) is a private association often formed by a real estate developer for the purpose of marketing, managing, and selling homes and lots in a residential subdivision . (
  • The Watauga Association (sometimes referred to as the Republic of Watauga) was a semi-autonomous government created in 1772 by frontier settlers living along the Watauga River in what is now Elizabethton, Tennessee. (
  • Its headquarters are in Paris, France, but the association has offices throughout the country. (
  • The Colostomy Welfare Group was later rebranded in 1989 as the 'British Colostomy Association' and in the following year moved its headquarters to Reading, Berkshire. (
  • Founded in 1865 by Richard P. Blakeney, the association stated in its first annual report that the objectives of the association were, "To uphold the principles and order of the United Church of England and Ireland, and to counteract the efforts now being made to assimilate her services to those of the Church of Rome. (
  • The BASMA Association has always endeavored to set up and uphold effective partnership relationships with several governmental and non-governmental structures operating in the field of the rehabilitation and employment of the disabled. (
  • The Pfrang Association is hoping to uphold the name of those who were killed and tries to do so by helping to break the vicious circle of lack of education, unemployment and crime. (
  • All health/medical information on this website has been reviewed and approved by the American Heart Association, based on scientific research and American Heart Association guidelines. (
  • The St. Canice's Parents' Association would like to welcome you to our section of the school website. (
  • On July 15, 2009, the two main associations, Związek Strzelecki and Związek Strzelecki "Strzelec", signed a declaration of cooperation. (
  • The Association signified the increasing cooperation between the colonies. (
  • In cooperation with the Amity Foundation, the Pfrang Association has contacted a range of schools in the counties Lianshui, Guanyun and Huai'an in northern Jiangsu Province, and financially supports middle and high school students who are heavily disadvantaged and meet some of the following criteria: the per capita income of the applicants household is below the locally defined poverty line. (
  • In 1834, the Palestine Association was formally disbanded and incorporated into the Royal Geographical Society. (
  • The concept of association value is needed because formally similar stimuli are frequently learned at very different rates and remembered with very different accuracies. (
  • However, émigré nationalities were permitted to form political associations, primarily to promote their various agendas towards their home countries. (
  • In chemistry, ion association is a chemical reaction whereby ions of opposite electrical charge come together in solution to form a distinct chemical entity. (
  • The OB, T, and R associations form a continuum of young stellar groupings. (
  • In 1950, the association merged with the National Church League to form the Church Society. (
  • Some formal theories of learning incorporate a quantified form of the concept of association value. (
  • Because of this, some people use the term common-interest association to describe groups which form out of a common interest, although this term is not widely used or understood. (
  • Associated objects that can be proved to have been deposited at the same time, through being in the same context, form a genuine or close association. (
  • In addition, the association Newsletter is published 3 times per year, and Field Guide to Fossils covering important palaeontological biotas are published in book form. (
  • All natural and legal persons in Germany, including entities such as municipalities, counties and other entities under public law, can form associations and be member of an association. (
  • 2004). The Gathering of Infidels: A Hundred Years of the Rationalist Press Association. (
  • Before the creation of guaranty associations, a typical claimant could have waited for years for payment of a claim and then still receive only a fraction of what was due under the terms of the policy or contract. (
  • As a result, OB associations are generally only a few million years in age or less. (
  • The O-B stars in the association will have burned all their fuel within 10 million years. (
  • The Hipparcos satellite provided measurements that located a dozen OB associations within 650 parsecs of the Sun. The nearest OB association is the Scorpius-Centaurus Association, located about 400 light years from the Sun. OB associations have also been found in the Large Magellanic Cloud and the Andromeda Galaxy. (
  • These associations can be quite sparse, spanning 1,500 light years in diameter. (
  • The Palestine Association was the forerunner of the Palestine Exploration Fund, established 60 years later, in 1865. (
  • Although it lasted only a few years, the Watauga Association provided a basis for what later developed into the state of Tennessee and likely influenced other western frontier governments in the trans-Appalachian region. (
  • While there have been some changes in the Monticello Association during the past 100 years, the scope and purposes of the Monticello Association have remained the same, as stated in Article II of its Constitution. (
  • A further 24 shiploads of Canterbury Association settlers, making a total of approximately 3,500, arrived over the next two-and-a-half years. (
  • The association holds its annual conference abroad in even years and in the United States in odd years. (
  • It joined the American Federation of Labor in 1895 and renamed itself the International Longshoremen's Association several years later, when it admitted Canadian longshoremen to membership. (
  • Recognized as the official keeper of world saltwater fishing records since 1939, IGFA entered the field of freshwater record keeping when Field & Stream transferred its 68 years of records to the association in 1978. (
  • Advocacy Guild Inter-professional association Trade union Trade association Learned society Syndicate Working group List of Professional bodies in UK List of Professional bodies in Australia List of Professional bodies in Canada Anders Kjellberg Union density and specialist/professional unions in Sweden, Lund University: Studies in Social Policy, Industrial Relations, Working Life and Mobility. (
  • The Alzheimer's Association Advocacy Forum is an annual gathering that takes place in the spring in Washington D.C. The multi-day event includes training sessions, celebrity guests, banquets, multi-media experiences and topical presentations focusing on Alzheimer's disease policy-making and legislation. (
  • The Alzheimer's Impact Movement (AIM) is the advocacy arm of the Alzheimer's Association. (
  • The president of the association is elected by the sport's annual congress for a three-year term, a year in advance before assuming office. (
  • Furthermore, in this year the association created a new category of associate member at the cost of a penny a month, the so-called Catholic Rent. (
  • In May 1772, the Watauga and Nolichucky settlers negotiated a 10-year lease directly with the Cherokee, and being outside the claims of any colony, established the Watauga Association to provide basic government functions. (
  • ALS focused workshops for the scientific community are hosted by the ALS Association during the year to advance current knowledge about the mechanisms and cause(s) of ALS, attract more neuroscientists to ALS research and foster collaborative research. (
  • The Pfrang Association was set up within the same year by friends of the Pfrang family and other expatriates living in Nanjing. (
  • This action is meant to tackle the root of the problem and the association hopes to expand their program every year like they have in the past. (
  • Each year the Pfrang Association holds two major fundraising events, the Pfrang Gala in April and the Pfrang Day in October. (
  • Later in the year, the Eastern Association forces moved into the south of England where the Parliamentarian armies under the Earl of Essex and Sir William Waller had suffered setbacks. (
  • In that year, it merged with a related relief association and dropped "Provincial" from its title. (
  • The Parents' Association holds its Annual General Meeting during the first term of the school year. (
  • The Parents' Association meets monthly with the school principal throughout the year. (
  • The Korean Student Association has a lot in store for you this year! (
  • The Permaculture Association was established as a charity on 8 February 1983 and is registered in England and Scotland. (
  • In 1983 the WFA affiliated to the FA on the same basis as the County Football Associations . (
  • The American Health Quality Association (AHQA) is an educational, not-for-profit national membership association dedicated to promoting and facilitating fundamental change that improves the quality of health care in America. (
  • The BA was established in 2005 through a merger of the Association of Brewers headed by famous brewer Charlie Papazian and the Brewers' Association of America, intending to "promote and protect small and independent American brewers, their craft beers and the community of brewing enthusiasts. (
  • The roots of the International Longshoremen's Association date to colonial America when the arrival of ships bearing goods from Europe was greeted with cries for "Men 'long shore! (
  • Major political parties attempt to have a riding association in each constituency, although usually these associations are more active in ridings where the party has an elected Member of Parliament or has a reasonable chance of electing an MP in the future, and less active in ridings where the party's prospects have historically been poor. (
  • The ALS Association is broken up into distinct chapters each servicing a particular geographic area of the United States all working under the umbrella of a national charter and administrator. (
  • Generally any person who wants to buy a residence within the area of a homeowners association must become a member, and therefore must obey the governing documents including Articles of Incorporation, CC&Rs (Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions) and By-Laws, which may limit the owner's choices. (
  • The term neighborhood association is sometimes incorrectly used instead of homeowners association (HOA). (
  • Community association Homeowners association Neighborhood Neighborhood Watch Community league Comparison of Home Owners' and Civic Associations Chōnaikai Association Types "Advocate Property Management", Retrieved December 8, 2014. (