A disorder characterized by CONFUSION; inattentiveness; disorientation; ILLUSIONS; HALLUCINATIONS; agitation; and in some instances autonomic nervous system overactivity. It may result from toxic/metabolic conditions or structural brain lesions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp411-2)
A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.
Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
A subfield of psychiatry that emphasizes the somatic substructure on which mental operations and emotions are based, and the functional or organic disturbances of the central nervous system that give rise to, contribute to, or are associated with mental and emotional disorders. (From Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 8th ed.)
Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.
Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.
Combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.
Standardized clinical interview used to assess current psychopathology by scaling patient responses to the questions.
Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
The educational process of instructing.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Evaluation of manifestations of disease.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Workplace assessment methods[edit]. Although there are many aspects to occupational hygiene work the most known and sought ... 3 Workplace assessment methods *3.1 Basic characterization, hazard identification and walk-through surveys ... Well known methods for performing occupational exposure assessments can be found in "A Strategy for Assessing and Managing ... Many countries regulate both the exposure standard, the method used to determine the exposure and the methods to be used for ...
Assessment methods[edit]. A 2004 non-peer-reviewed literature review criticized most of the main instruments used to identify ... Other methods[edit]. Other methods (usually questionnaires) used to identify learning styles include Neil Fleming's VARK ... Kolb's model gave rise to the Learning Style Inventory, an assessment method used to determine an individual's learning style. ... reported that they used learning styles as a method in the past year.[68] It concluded that it might be better to use methods ...
rigorous skills assessment. *specific information feedback. *better skills performance[13]. They further described the personal ... It is a method of learning and of acquiring experience. The word derives from the Greek "πρακτική" (praktike), feminine of " ... "Practice" learning method - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (July 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Practice_(learning_method)&oldid=925513425" ...
"SIGMA Assessment Systems. Retrieved 17 March 2018.. *^ "NEO-PI-3 Sample Report" (PDF). Sigma Assessment Systems. 2010. ... "Behavior Research Methods. 49 (1): 320-334. doi:10.3758/s13428-016-0710-8. ISSN 1554-3528. PMID 26907746.. ... a b c d e f g h i Groth-Marnat, G. (2003). Handbook of Psychological Assessment. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons. ... Therapeutic assessment. Notes and references[edit]. *^ Framingham, J. (2011). What is Psychological Assessment?. Psych Central ...
Guessing' and related methods totally rely on luck. Consequently, it is not generally a useful method. In addition, it is ... Environmental impact assessment. References[edit]. *^ Dillerup, R. (2006). Unternehmensführung. München: Vahlen. p. 179.. .mw- ... This is done by adequate methods, like strategic foresight or scenario analysis.[8] Several other methods of forecasting are ... Methods of the global environmental analysis[edit]. The segmentation according to the six presented factors of the PESTLE ...
Karen Kurasaki; Sumie Okazaki; Stanley Sue (December 6, 2012). Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods. ...
Kurasaki, Karen S. (2002). Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods. pp. 14-15.. ... Furukawa TA (2010). "Assessment of mood: Guides for clinicians". Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 68 (6): 581-589. doi: ... Joseph C (2008). Manicdotes: There's Madness in His Method. London: Austin & Macauley. ISBN 978-1-905609-07-9. Amazon review.. ... "Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Bipolar Disorder". Journal of the American ...
... and Methods. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-267855-9, 0-12-267856-7 H. Carl Haywood, Carol Schneider Lidz (2007). Dynamic Assessment ... and dynamic/interactive assessment of learning potential. Haywood attended West Georgia College from 1948 to 1950, then served ... and psychological assessment. From 1975 to 1977, Haywood was Vice President for Psychology of the American Association on ... Interactive Assessment. Springer (ISBN 978-0-387-97587-0) H. Carl Haywood, Penelope Brooks, Susan Burns(1992). Bright Start: ...
"FlowCAP - Flow Cytometry: Critical Assessment of Population Identification Methods". Retrieved 2009-09-03.. ... At that time, absorption methods were still widely favored by other scientists over fluorescence methods.[4] Soon after, flow ... Critical Assessment of Population Identification Methods,[25]) to provide an objective way to compare and evaluate the flow ... Representative automated methods include FLOCK [17] in Immunology Database and Analysis Portal (ImmPort),[18] SamSPECTRAL[19] ...
Harlow, Lisa L.; Newcomb, Michael D.; Bentler, P. M (Sep 1987). "Purpose in Life Test assessment using latent variable methods ... ECCE HOMO is a method used in logotherapy. It requires of the therapist to note the innate strengths that people have and how ...
Rosker, J.; Sarabon, N. (2010): Kinaesthesia and Methods for its Assessment. Literature Review. In: Sport Science Review. Band ... 2007). The comparison of EMG activities between Kinaesthetics and normal methods during patient-handling tasks in health care ...
Additional prevention methods include: starting the day with a relaxing ritual; yoga; adopting healthy eating, exercising, and ... In 2010, researchers from Mayo Clinic used portions of the MBI, along with other comprehensive assessments, to develop the Well ... Ray, Bernice (2002). An assessment of burnout in academic librarians in America using the Maslach Burnout Inventor. New ... Health condition treatment and prevention methods are often classified as "primary prevention" (stopping the condition ...
Methods of assessment in the context of neurobiological/psychological researchEdit. Self-report questionnaires and structured ... Induction methodsEdit. PharmacologicalEdit. An altered state of consciousness may be defined as a short-term change in the ... However the methods, functions, and cultural context vary widely between societies. One major variation is whether societies ... A good questionnaire should cover a broad spectrum of phenomena and also aim at comparing different induction methods that will ...
PMID 33541410.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Tharwat A. (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied ... Yerushalmy J (1947). "Statistical problems in assessing methods of medical diagnosis with special reference to x-ray techniques ...
Tharwat A (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied Computing and Informatics (ahead-of-print). doi:10.1016/j ...
PMID 33541410.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Tharwat A. (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied ...
Tharwat A (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied Computing and Informatics. doi:10.1016/j.aci.2018.08.003 ... The Fowlkes-Mallows index is an external evaluation method that is used to determine the similarity between two clusterings ( ... Fowlkes, E. B.; Mallows, C. L. (1 September 1983). "A Method for Comparing Two Hierarchical Clusterings". Journal of the ... Fowlkes, Edward B; Mallows, Colin L (1983). "A method for comparing two hierarchical clusterings". Journal of the American ...
PMID 33541410.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Tharwat A. (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied ... One can construct a "One-proportion z-test" with p0 as max(priors) = max(P(-),P(+)) for a diagnostic method hoping to beat a ... The evaluation of binary classifiers compares two methods of assigning a binary attribute, one of which is usually a standard ... Cost-weighted fractions incorrect could compare expected costs of misclassification for different methods. The diagnostic odds ...
PMID 33541410.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Tharwat A. (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied ... Yule, G. Udny (1912). "On the Methods of Measuring Association Between Two Attributes". Journal of the Royal Statistical ... Cramer, H. (1946). Mathematical Methods of Statistics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, p. 282 (second paragraph). ISBN 0 ...
PMID 33541410.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Tharwat A. (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied ... Kalervo, J~irvelin (2017). "IR evaluation methods for retrieving highly relevant documents" (PDF). ACM SIGIR Forum. 51, 2: 243- ...
PMID 33541410.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) Tharwat A. (August 2018). "Classification assessment methods". Applied ...
... assessment and diagnosis; treatment and intervention; research methods and statistics; and ethical and professional standards. ... The practice of clinical psychology is based on an understanding of the scientific method and behavioral science. The focus of ... a K-12 setting but encourage more trained school staff for professional development i.e for functional behavioral assessments ...
... a professor may enlist multiple methods of assessment. Methods of assessment may include a comprehensive exam, unit exams, ... "Methods of assessment". www.brookes.ac.uk. Retrieved 2018-07-01. Right to education handbook. UNESCO. 2019. ISBN 978-92-3- ... Universal access to college education may involve the provision of a variety of different assessment methods of learning and ... to rethink methods of facilitating universal access in their classrooms. ...
ISO-787 General methods of test for pigments and extenders.. *ISO-8780 Methods of dispersion for assessment of dispersion ... In many cases, the perceived color of a pigment falls outside of the gamut of computer displays and a method called gamut ... By the middle 20th century, standardized methods for pigment chemistry were available, part of an international movement to ... providing objective methods for the measurement of color. The Munsell system describes a color in three dimensions, hue, value ...
"International Journal of Selection and Assessment. 4. 7 (4): 183-195. doi:10.1111/1468-2389.00118. Retrieved 2012-02-27.. ... "Pre-Employment Integrity Testing: Current Methods, Problems, and Solutions" (PDF). Retrieved 28 March 2012.. ... U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment (1990). The Use of Integrity Tests for Pre-Employment Screening. Washington, DC ... punishment of theft and the assessment of the subject's own honesty. The attitude section also assess their own trustworthiness ...
Subjective methods[edit]. See main article: Subjective video quality Subjective methods for image quality assessment belong to ... Image quality assessment methods[edit]. Image quality can be assessed using objective or subjective methods. In the objective ... Subjective methods are based on the perceptual assessment of a human viewer about the attributes of an image or set of images, ... Subjective image quality assessments are a method based on the way in which humans experience or perceive image quality. ...
Fertility awareness methods that rely on cycle length records alone are called calendar-based methods.[40] Methods that require ... A model assessment". Hum. Reprod. 19 (7): 1548-53. doi:10.1093/humrep/deh304. PMID 15205397.. ... Allen, Kevin (2007). The Reluctant Hypothesis: A History of Discourse Surrounding the Lunar Phase Method of Regulating ... A variety of methods have been developed to help individual women estimate the relatively fertile and the relatively infertile ...
... appraisal or assessment techniques; counseling theories; counseling methods or techniques (individual and group); research; ...
Boyle, G.J., & Helmes, E. (2009). Methods of personality assessment. In P.J. Corr & G. Matthews (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook ... A personality test is a method of assessing human personality constructs. Most personality assessment instruments (despite ... Scales created today will often incorporate elements of all three methods. Deductive assessment construction begins by ... Literature about the most appropriate method to use and when can be found here.... The conventional method of scoring items is ...
Assessment by quantitative methods". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (46): 32961-9. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.46.32961. PMID 10551863. Shimizu K, ... Assessment by quantitative methods". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (46): 32961-9. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.46.32961. PMID 10551863. Artavanis- ...
"Sagittal craniosynostosis outcome assessment for two methods and timings of intervention". Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. ... Assessment of the skull from a top view shows asymmetry of the frontal bones, an increased width of the skull and a forward ... Eide PK (2006). "Assessment of quality of continuous intracranial pressure recordings in children". Pediatric Neurosurgery. 42 ... Other parts of the physical examination include the measurement of the head circumference, the assessment of the skull ...
Method for the production of selegiline hydrochloride., archived from the original on 1 November 2018, retrieved 4 October 2015 ... "l-methamphetamine pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics for assessment of in vivo deprenyl-derived l-methamphetamine". The ...
Evidence Report/Technology Assessment (128): 1-11. PMC 4780988. PMID 16194123. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-10. ... is another method of diagnosing diabetes.[10] In 2009 an International Expert Committee that included representatives of the ... "Health Technology Assessment. 13 (41): 1-190, 215-357, iii-iv. doi:10.3310/hta13410. hdl:10536/DRO/DU:30064294. PMID 19726018. ... "Health Technology Assessment. 14 (36): 1-248. doi:10.3310/hta14360. PMID 20646668.. ...
The other method is the Linde process, with a variation of the Linde process, called the Claude process, being sometimes used. ... "Dominion welcomes FERC assessment of Cove Point LNG". lngindustry.com. July 28, 2014. Archived from the original on July 28, ... There are some methods to modify the heating value of produced LNG to the desired level. For the purpose of increasing the ... There are several special leak test methods available to test the integrity of an LNG vessel's membrane cargo tanks.[104] ...
Gönenç, I. Ethem; Koutitonsky, Vladimir G.; Rashleigh, Brenda (2007). Assessment of the Fate and Effects of Toxic Agents on ... The food web is a simplified illustration of the various methods of feeding that links an ecosystem into a unified system of ...
... and other methods. A disastrous fire in 1934 aboard the passenger ship SS Morro Castle, in which 134 lives were lost, convinced ... and take the Candidate Fitness Assessment (CFA) to assess physical fitness. ... and academic methods of the academy, and other matters relating to the academy that the board decides to consider. ...
a b "[A]lternative medicine refers to all treatments that have not been proven effective using scientific methods."[10] ... An assessment of conventional treatments found that 41.3% concluded positive or possibly positive effect, 20% concluded no ... Unlike medicine,[n 4] an alternative product or practice does not originate from using scientific methods, but may instead be ... Methods may incorporate or base themselves on traditional medicine, folk knowledge, spiritual beliefs, ignorance or ...
Kenez, Peter (1985). The Birth of the Propaganda State: Soviet Methods of Mass Mobilization, 1917-1929. கேம்பிறிட்ஜ் ... The Twenty-fifth Congress of the CPSU: Assessment and Context. இசுட்டான்போர்டு பல்கலைக்கழகம். Hoover Press. பன்னாட்டுத் ...
Since 2002, Steve McIntyre, the editor of Climate Audit, a blog that investigates the statistical methods used in climate ... and also for email correspondence relating to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report.[11] On 12 ... method of handling data".[20] Further investigations by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Inspector ... a blog that investigates the statistical methods used in climate science, has repeatedly asked Phil Jones, director of the ...
Kerr, Prue; Harcourt, Geoff (2002), Joan Robinson: Critical Assessments of Leading Economists, Taylor & Francis, pp. 2-3, ISBN ... Friedman, Daniel; Sunder, Shyam (1994), Experimental Methods: A Primer for Economists, Cambridge University Press. ...
... or via Bayes penalty methods[43][44] or via I.J. Good's roughness method[45][46] may yield superior performance to expectation- ... and preliminary assessment of sensitivity to aging effects on dopamine D-2/D-3 receptors". Synapse. 46 (3): 170-88. doi:10.1002 ... Alternative methods of scanning include x-ray computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional ... Methods and Strategies of Research. 11th edition. Pearson. p. 151. ISBN 978-0205239399. .. ...
In field or mobile hospitals, the most common and sensitive diagnostic methods are real-time PCR and ELISA.[99] In 2014, with ... "First Antigen Rapid Test for Ebola through Emergency Assessment and Eligible for Procurement". World Health Organization (WHO ... Diagnostic method. Finding the virus, viral RNA, or antibodies in blood[1]. ... are methods best used in the early stages of the disease and also for detecting the virus in human remains.[6][98] Detecting ...
Usually, this is done in grammar school.[32]p85 The dissecting is a method for teaching students the anatomy of a bullfrog.[32] ... Global Amphibian Assessment. *USGS-Online Guide for the Identification of Amphibians in North America north of Mexico ...
The researchers noted that metacognitive self-assessment skill is of great value, and that it can be taught together with any ... When artifacts are eliminated, the evidence is strong that humans are generally correct in their self-assessments, with only a ... After learning their self-assessment scores, the students were asked to estimate their ranks in the psychology class. The ... The two papers employed paired, well-aligned instruments of known reliability to examine the evaluation of self-assessment ...
Cliff, N. (1996). Ordinal Methods for Behavioral Data Analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-1333-0 ... contexts often indicate that total scores have a fairly linear relationship with measurements across the range of an assessment ... van den Berg, G. (1991). Choosing an analysis method. Leiden: DSWO Press ... and justification for obtaining interval-level measurements from counts of observations such as total scores on assessments. ...
Researchers are investigating methods to increase the skin's production of retinoic acid to address this deficiency.[10] A ... and needs assessment". Dermatologic Clinics (Review). 30 (1): 99-106, viii-ix. doi:10.1016/j.det.2011.09.001. PMID 22117871.. ... Dermatologists also recommend a diet low in simple sugars as a method of improving acne.[53] As of 2014, the available evidence ... Light therapy is a treatment method that involves delivering certain specific wavelengths of light to an area of skin affected ...
... to arrange an appropriate assessment pathway. The standard pathway involves an IMG sitting a series of assessments, including ... The general method to apply for residency programs is through the National Resident Matching Program (abbreviated NRMP, also ... "Assessments & examinations: Standard pathway". Australian Medical Council. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2014. "Inquiry ... Medical schools around the world vary in education standards, curricula, and evaluation methods. Reason why many countries have ...
1987). "A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation". J Chronic Dis ... "Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-specific comorbidity index: a new tool for risk assessment before allogeneic HCT" ... during which neither showed traces of HIV in their blood plasma and purified CD4 T cells using a sensitive culture method (less ...
Lechner, Norbert (2012). Plumbing, Electricity, Acoustics: Sustainable Design Methods for Architecture. Hoboken, New Jersey: ... Technology assessment. *Technology tree. *-logy. *Superpower § Possible factors. Theories and concepts in technology. * ... Tools and machines need not be material; virtual technology, such as computer software and business methods, fall under this ... methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the accomplishment of objectives, such as scientific ...
World Energy Assessment (2001). Renewable energy technologies, chapter 7. *↑ Renewables Supply 14 Pct of German Power - ... Pracuje sa na zvýšení efektivity produkcií biomasy.[51] and there are new methods to boost biofuel production.[67] ... World Energy Assessment (2001). Renewable energy technologies, p. 221. *↑ What Solar Power Needs Now Renewable Energy Access, ... Zdroj: World Energy Assessment 2006 Je veľa spôsobov ako sprístupniť obnoviteľné zdroje energie. Teoretický potenciál pri ...
... adjunctive methods, or if this is not possible expedite delivery. In acute situations immediate delivery should be accomplished ... for fetal assessment during labour". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2: CD006066. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006066. ... close monitoring or adjunctive methods: Lacking at least one characteristic of normality, but with no pathological features. ... "Antenatal cardiotocography for fetal assessment". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (9): CD007863. doi:10.1002/ ...
Canadian Stock Assessment Secretariat.. *^ Rocliffe, S.; Harris, A. (2016). "The status of octopus fisheries in the Western ... In an alternative method of swimming, some species flatten themselves dorso-ventrally, and swim with the arms held out sideways ... implied alignment and analysis methods". Journal of Molluscan Studies. 73 (4): 399-410. doi:10.1093/mollus/eym038.. ... Methods to capture octopuses include pots, traps, trawls, snares, drift fishing, spearing, hooking and hand collection.[139] ...
Differential diagnosis methods help to rule out conditions based on the information provided. During the encounter, properly ... generally in that order although auscultation occurs prior to percussion and palpation for abdominal assessments.[13] ... Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems by means of the methods of Mechanics. ... Biophysics is an interdisciplinary science that uses the methods of physics and physical chemistry to study biological systems. ...
In its assessment report issued on 29 July 2014, TÜV found that some lightning rods were missing and that the back-up generator ... However, the airport could not decide upon the method by itself, as permission is needed from the Federal Railway Authority ( ... In its review, it found that in certain points the assessment of the applications had been biased towards Hochtief. This led to ...
Before the 1950s, the only method of detecting a tornado was by someone seeing it on the ground. Often, news of a tornado would ... Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK ... Today, most developed countries have a network of weather radars, which serves as the primary method of detecting hook ...
Diagnostic method. Based on symptoms, tick exposure, blood tests[3]. Prevention. Prevention of tick bites (clothing the limbs, ... "The clinical assessment, treatment, and prevention of lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and babesiosis: clinical ... Tests for antibodies in the blood by ELISA and Western blot is the most widely used method for Lyme diagnosis. A two-tiered ... Another method originating from Australia consists in using about 20 cm of dental floss or fishing line for slowly tying an ...
... diagnosis may involve a range of methods including skeletal imaging, observational and tactile assessments, and ... Homola S (2006). "Chiropractic: history and overview of theories and methods". Clin Orthop Relat Res. 444: 236-42. doi:10.1097/ ... DeVocht JW (2006). "History and overview of theories and methods of chiropractic: a counterpoint". Clin Orthop Relat Res. 444: ... A 2012 systematic review concluded that no accurate assessment of risk-benefit exists for cervical manipulation.[14] A 2010 ...
... physics and research methods) or an additional preparatory year prior to entry into the program and a competitive GPA in the ... vestibular function and assessment, balance disorders, counseling and sign language. Audiologists also run neonatal hearing ... sounded like a method of teaching people how to wiggle their ears.[3] ... from pediatric populations to veterans and may perform assessment of tinnitus and the vestibular system. ...
The 2019 Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, published by the United Nations' Intergovernmental ... Bradley, R. S. (1985). Quaternary Paleoclimatology: Methods of Paleoclimatic Reconstruction. Winchester, MA: Allen & Unwin. ... the IPBES Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services attributed much of this ecological destruction to ...
ASTM F3208: Standard Guide for Selecting Test Soils for Validation of Cleaning Methods for Reusable Medical Devices[52] ... "Standard Practice for Reporting and Assessment of Residues on Single Use Implants". ASTM Products and Services. Retrieved 15 ... EN 868 Packaging materials and systems for medical devices to be sterilized, General requirements and test methods ... ASTM E2314: Standard Test Method for Determination of Effectiveness of Cleaning Processes for Reusable Medical Instruments ...
Remote Assessment Methods. Faculty of Arts and Sciences FAS uses a combination of honor-code best practices and technology ... Alternative assessments that are not exam-based Alternative Assessment Guide An automated proctored exam SmarterProctoring is ... Wagner uses a combination of approaches that minimize the need for proctoring that include alternative assessment methods and ... Make scaffolded assessments: Before major assessments, give students practice quizzes or tests with automated feedback that ...
Field methods to estimate trash accumulation on streets employ the On-Land Visual Trash Assessment (OVTA) method developed in ... Rapid FCS field assessments allow users to document the functional condition of each FCS. Annual progress is a simple spatial ... The 2NFORM Trash Rapid Assessment Methodology (Trash RAM; www.trashram.com) is a decision support tool to simplify planning, ... Desktop display of OVTA assessment data display is fully integrated with stormwater infrastructure data, lands use, structural ...
... resulting in a demand for parallel risk assessment. A... ... Most of the methods used for toxicity assessment were designed ... Kroll A, Pillukat MH, Hahn D, Schnekenburger J (2009) Current in vitro methods in nanoparticle risk assessment: limitations and ... Recently, some new methods and modified versions of pre-existing methods have been developed for assessing the toxicity of ... Nanomaterial toxicology In vitro In vivo Methods Interference Challenges This is a preview of subscription content, log in to ...
A robust causality assessment method (CAM) is not only indispensable for the diagnosis of suspected drug-induced liver injury ( ... Part of the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology book series (MIPT). Abstract. A robust causality assessment method (CAM) is ... Drug-induced liver injury DILI Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment RUCAM Causality assessment methods ... Causality Assessment Methods in Drug-Induced Liver Injury. In: Chen M., Will Y. (eds) Drug-Induced Liver Toxicity. Methods in ...
In Genotoxicity Assessment: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers in the ... ... Genotoxicity assessment : methods and protocols. [Alok Dhawan; Mahima Bajpayee;] -- Genetic toxicology is recognized by ... Genotoxicity assessment : methods and protocols. Author:. Alok Dhawan; Mahima Bajpayee. Publisher:. New York : Humana Press, [ ... In Genotoxicity Assessment: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers in the field provide comprehensive genetictoxicology ...
2005 NATA: Technical Methods Document. This document presents the approaches EPA used to conduct the 2005 NATA, including ... An Overview of Methods for EPAs 2005 NATA (PDF)(220 pp, 3 MB, Jan. 31, 2011) ... Specifically, this document summarizes the data sources, methods, models, and assumptions used in NATA that have been published ... in various EPA reports and have been available on the various NATA assessment web sites. ...
This comprehensive monograph carefully explores methods of and barriers to diagnostic technology assessment and describes both ... Technology assessment can lead to the rapid application of essential diagnostic technologies and prevent the wide diffusion of ... marginally useful methods. In both of these ways, it can increase quality of care and decrease the cost of health care. ... Assessment of Diagnostic Technology in Health Care: Rationale, Methods, Problems, and Directions. Council on Health Care ...
Correct assessment or mechanical diagnosis is the key to prescribing effective back pain exercises. Without the aid of a good ... The McKenzie assessment consists of taking a patient history and performing a physical exam. Both are used to gauge the degree ... The identification of a directional preference through mechanical means is the hallmark of the McKenzie Method (which is often ... assessment, there are no McKenzie exercises; there are just exercises, the efficacy of which is questionable. ...
Properly understanding problem-solving methods and the analytical tools that function within it are key in... ... Root Cause Assessment Methods. Choosing the Right One for the Job. Matthew Adams, Noria Corporation Root cause analysis (RCA) ... Is/Is Not Method. The Is/ Is Not Method is another somewhat simplified approach to RCA. The idea is to create a list of who, ... Some methods are quick processes, while others can require a long and arduous journey. Certain methods are utilized proactively ...
Assessment and implementation of existing methods. Soil geographical fieldwork is required to map the condition of the soil. ...
This study provides new information on how passive and active consent methods work in practice. Based on results from two ... An Assessment of Active Versus Passive Methods for Obtaining Parental Consent. by Phyllis L. Ellickson, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson ... Ellickson, Phyllis L. and Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, An Assessment of Active Versus Passive Methods for Obtaining Parental Consent ... Ellickson, Phyllis L. and Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, An Assessment of Active Versus Passive Methods for Obtaining Parental Consent ...
Disclosed methods and systems include providing a medical assessment in which it is determined if a candidate is medically ... Method 200 will now be described with reference to FIG. 2. In stage 210 of method 200, system 100 provides a medical assessment ... a method provides performance data for a medical assessment system. The method includes providing medical assessments for a ... A method for providing performance data for a medical assessment system, the method comprising: providing medical assessments ...
Further identified open issues/needs in the area of Risk Management/Risk Assessment, such as interoperability of methods and ... Inventory of Risk Management / Risk Assessment Methods and Tools Published under Risk Management ... Cloud Computing Risk Assessment ENISA, supported by a group of subject matter expert comprising representatives from Industries ... Elements of work conducted within the ENISA ad hoc Working Group on technical and policy issues of Risk Assessment and Risk ...
Mining Publication: The Role of ASTM E27 Methods in Hazard Assessment: Part II - Flammability and Ignitability. Keywords: ...
Find the right vulnerability test tactics and tools for your application security assessments, including source code review and ... Automated assessments are generally faster and broader than manual assessments, but often miss obscure vulnerabilities and ... Runtime vulnerability assessment -- Runtime assessments come in three varieties: automated, manual and combined. ... and often takes longer than runtime assessments. Like runtime vulnerability assessments, source-code reviews can be automated, ...
ACTIVATOR, ACTIVATOR METHODS and the ACTIVATOR logo are registered trademarks of Activator Methods International, Ltd. and may ... Learn the Activator Method from the comfort of your home or office via a computer or tablet. Through our online chiropractic ... This video provides the doctor of chiropractic with the latest AMCT protocol for the assessment of flexion, extension, and ... This video provides the doctor of chiropractic with the latest AMCT protocol for the assessment of flexion, extension, and ...
ACTIVATOR, ACTIVATOR METHODS and the ACTIVATOR logo are registered trademarks of Activator Methods International, Ltd. and may ... This includes chiropractic assessment and adjusting of metatarsals, calcaneus, talus, fibula, tibia, humerus, scapula, acromio- ... Are you a Chiropractic Professional or a Patient Looking for an Activator Methods Doctor?. ... and quality of care with research-based Outcome Assessment Measures. Other forms include TMJ forms and rehab forms. ...
Systems and methods are disclosed for assessing electrode-tissue contact for tissue ablation. An exemplary electrode contact ... Systems and Methods for Electrode Contact Assessment. US20090158852 *. 21 Dec 2007. 25 Jun 2009. Saurav Paul. Contact Sensing ... Contact assessment based on phase measurement. US9700233. 4 May 2015. 11 Jul 2017. Pacesetter, Inc.. Method and system to ... Method and apparatus for monitoring eye tremor. US7060965 *. 16 Jun 2005. 13 Jun 2006. Samba Sensors Ab. Method and device for ...
The most relevant experimental tests and data analysis methods for assessing both IS and BCF are described and their ... The quantitative assessment of insulin sensitivity (IS) and beta-cell function (BCF) is fundamental in the study of metabolic ... Methods for clinical assessment of insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Sep;17 ... The quantitative assessment of insulin sensitivity (IS) and beta-cell function (BCF) is fundamental in the study of metabolic ...
"Screening for delirium with the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) - NIDUS". Retrieved 2020-11-03. "Confusion Assessment Method ... the confusion assessment method. A new method for detection of delirium". Annals of Internal Medicine. 113 (12): 941-948. doi: ... The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a diagnostic tool developed to allow non-psychiatric physicians and nurses to identify ... Rolfson, D. B.; McElhaney, J. E.; Jhangri, G. S.; Rockwood, K. (December 1999). "Validity of the confusion assessment method in ...
To validate our recent protocol, we present here a direct side-by-side comparison between vectors produced with either method ... do not find differences in transduction efficiency nor in any other parameter in our in vivo and in vitro panel of assessment. ... A comparison of AAV-vector production methods for gene therapy and preclinical assessment. *Marcus Davidsson. 1. , ... A comparison of AAV-vector production methods for gene therapy and preclinical assessment ...
... we can predict the probability of launching a winning product as part of the Nielsen risk assessment solution. ... Using our 12 Factors for Success method, we can predict the probability of launching a winning product. Outstanding performance ...
There are many different methods of corporate risk assessment, including internal corporate risk assessment, external corporate ... The different methods of risk assessment come together in a cohesive effort to protect the interests of the company and ... Internal corporate risk assessment is a broad approach that tends to focus on issues that impact the overall operation of the ... External corporate risk assessment has to do with how the decisions of owners and managers affect those outside the operation. ...
A method is described whereby a breast cancer marker is detected in breast fluid. In a particular embodiment, the method ... Systems and methods for breast cancer detection and risk assessment. US 8133737 B2 ... A method is described whereby a breast cancer marker is detected in breast fluid. In a particular embodiment, the method ... A method is described whereby a breast cancer marker is detected in breast fluid. In a particular embodiment, the method ...
HDAC/HAT Function Assessment and Inhibitor Development. Book Subtitle. Methods and Protocols. Editors. * Oliver H. Krämer ... Comprehensive and practical, HDAC/HAT Function Assessment and Inhibitor Development: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal ... HDAC/HAT Function Assessment and Inhibitor Development. Methods and Protocols. Editors: Krämer, Oliver H. (Ed.) ... Methods in Molecular Biology. Series Volume. 1510. Copyright. 2017. Publisher. Humana Press. Copyright Holder. Springer Science ...
... No Electronic Version ... 2002)‎. Principles and methods for the assessment of risk from essential trace elements. World Health Organization. http://www. ...
A battery of DNT in vitro test methods derived from hiPSCs could generate valuable mechanistic data, speeding up the evaluation ... assessment of exposure to chemical mixtures. Ideally, currently available cellular neuronal/glial models derived from human ... systematic testing of DNT is not a standard requirement within the EU or USA chemical legislation safety assessment, DNT ... using in vitro methods - The European Commissions science and knowledge service ...
UNESCO » Natural Sciences » Disaster Risk Reduction » School Safety » Safety Assessment Method (VISUS) ... Different levels of assessment can be identified aiming to answer different requirements. Low assessment levels are usually ... School Safety Assessment: VISUS Methodology. ©UNESCO\Jair Torres.. A team of lecturers, researchers, practitioners and student ... This safety assessment methodology facilitates the decision-making process in the definition of rational and effective safety- ...
... Zhan Zhang,1 Kai Li,1 and Lei Zhang2 ... Zhan Zhang, Kai Li, and Lei Zhang, "Research on a Risk Assessment Method considering Risk Association," Mathematical Problems ...
  • His research focuses on geotechnical risk and reliability, particularly, reliability-based design of foundations, development of Monte Carlo simulation-based methods for probabilistic analysis in geotechnical engineering, probabilistic site characterization, and seismic risk assessment of lifelines systems. (wiley.com)
  • GEM is set to start a 3- year project called METIS or Methods and Tools Innovation for Seismic Risk Assessment funded by the European Commission. (globalquakemodel.org)
  • International Centre for Numerical Methods in Engineering. (cimne.com)
  • The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a diagnostic tool developed to allow non-psychiatric physicians and nurses to identify delirium in the healthcare setting. (wikipedia.org)
  • To develop and validate a new standardized confusion assessment method (CAM) that enables nonpsychiatric clinicians to detect delirium quickly in high-risk settings. (nih.gov)
  • A robust causality assessment method (CAM) is not only indispensable for the diagnosis of suspected drug-induced liver injury (DILI) and herb-induced liver injury (HILI) but is also critical for the investigation of the clinical features, risk factors, and incidence in pharmacological or epidemiological studies. (springer.com)
  • However, none of these methods have been currently applied in the clinical setting, due to invasiveness, high costs and difficult standardization of the techniques. (scielo.br)
  • A deep understanding of endothelial dysfunction assessment tools by healthcare professionals allows the improvement of these techniques and enables the transition from clinical research to clinical practice. (scielo.br)
  • In the future, by optimizing cell sorting and encapsulation, as well as generating a more effective PCR environment in each droplet, this modified sc-ddPCR system may be a breakthrough analysis method that can be applied to various research realms and possibly to clinical diagnostic testing,' commented Dr. Hata. (news-medical.net)
  • The proposed research effort should be an extension of the research that successfully completed the tasks of developing and optimizing the chosen software tools or data collection methods intended to facilitate clinical decision making during clinical trials. (nih.gov)
  • Future clinical trials should consider using a real-time approach to pain assessment, which in this study appeared to mitigate against elevated baseline pain scores. (prohealth.com)
  • For conditions like fibromyalgia syndrome, the accurate assessment of patient-reported pain over time is an essential component of the clinical trials. (prohealth.com)
  • Cypress' clinical studies in fibromyalgia syndrome are distinguished by the use of novel assessment tools developed by the company in conjunction with invivodata(TM). (prohealth.com)
  • The publication summarizes a pilot study comparing multiple approaches to the assessment of clinical pain during trials involving patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia syndrome. (prohealth.com)
  • This book focuses on the comparison, contrast, and assessment of risks on the basis of clinical investigations. (textbooks.com)
  • Clinical assessment of a rebreathing method for measuring pulmonary gas transfer. (bmj.com)
  • Therefore, novel methods for noninvasive definitive diagnosis of fetal genetic abnormalities are needed. (news-medical.net)
  • A noninvasive method and system are provided for assessing the performance of implanted actuators of semi or fully-implantable hearing aid systems. (google.com.au)
  • EPPR had identified an existing need for a common approach to marine risk assessments in the Arctic region, and based on a scoping workshop in 2017, Norway developed a project proposal that was approved in June 2018. (arctic-council.org)
  • In 2018, the project performed a wide screening of existing methods, tools and data currently used in marine risk assessments in general, not only in the Arctic Region. (arctic-council.org)
  • HALOCK and CIS collaborated to bring the methods to the public as CIS RAM in 2018. (cisecurity.org)
  • 2018. "Stacked-GRU Based Power System Transient Stability Assessment Method. (mdpi.com)
  • Through our online chiropractic seminar, get step-by-step instruction in the Basic Scan Protocol as well as the Advanced Upper and Lower Extremities of the Activator Method, the world's #1 instrument adjusting technique. (activator.com)
  • Properly understanding problem-solving methods and the analytical tools that function within it are key in aiding your site's journey to world-class maintenance. (reliableplant.com)
  • We tested a new collection method (PeeSpot(R)) for its analytical performance, and compared it with the pantyliner technique. (rug.nl)
  • In this article, both analytical and simulation methods are used to characterize schemes by which such monitoring may be carried out, in the particular context of Citrus tristeza virus infection. (apsnet.org)
  • Now that a baseline for understanding what RCA is has been established and general processes have been outlined, an examination of common methods applied during this development can take place. (reliableplant.com)
  • Some methods are quick processes, while others can require a long and arduous journey. (reliableplant.com)
  • Technical triage assessments and expert judgment pre-codification processes are the two main elements on which VISUS methodology is based. (unesco.org)
  • This book starts with the basic ideas in uncertainty propagation using Monte Carlo methods and the generation of random variables and stochastic processes for some common distributions encountered in engineering applications. (wiley.com)
  • The processes for selecting assessment endpoints, developing conceptual models, and selecting the exposure and effects pathways to be analyzed are described. (epa.gov)
  • The aggressive methods processes are covered by 1926.1101(g)(8)(vi), Alternative Work Practices and Controls. (osha.gov)
  • In this tip, we'll add some clarity to the enterprise application security assessment process by outlining the techniques used to review applications and comparing and contrasting strategic paradigms for application assessments. (techtarget.com)
  • Based on this thresholding strategy, an application for volumetric emphysema assessment was developed offering new display paradigms concerning the visualization of classification results. (spie.org)
  • To validate our recent protocol, we present here a direct side-by-side comparison between vectors produced with either method in a series of in vitro and in vivo assays with a focus on transgene expression, cell loss, and neuroinflammatory responses in the brain. (nature.com)
  • The increasing use of nanomaterials in consumer and industrial products has aroused global concern regarding their fate in biological systems, resulting in a demand for parallel risk assessment. (springer.com)
  • We propose to incorporate mechanistic knowledge and data derived from in vitro studies to support various regulatory applications including: (a) the identification of potential DNT triggers, (b) initial chemical screening and prioritization, (c) hazard identification and characterization, (d) chemical biological grouping, and (e) assessment of exposure to chemical mixtures. (europa.eu)
  • In recent years there has been an increasing interest in methods that aim to infer biological networks. (frontiersin.org)
  • These methods could rely exclusively on in silico evaluation procedures or they could be coupled with novel experimental designs to generate the biological data necessary to properly validate inferred networks. (frontiersin.org)
  • Measuring alcohol consumption: Psychosocial and biological methods (pp. 41-72). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the findings in 5 large studies aimed at investigating the biological basis of the Billings method provide little support for the claims that most fertile women always experience mucus symptoms, that these symptoms precede ovulation by at least 5 days, and that a peak symptom coincides with the day of ovulation. (popline.org)
  • In addition, the results of 5 major field trials indicate that the Billings method has a biological failure rate even higher than the symptothermal method. (popline.org)
  • Quantitative Methods In Research Projects Assessment ," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Knowledge Management: Projects, Systems and Technologies,Bucharest, November 12-13 2010 34, Faculty of Economic Cybernetics, Statistics and Informatics, Academy of Economic Studies and National Defence University "Carol I", Department for Management of the Defence Resources and Education. (repec.org)
  • Numerous instructive examples and exercises, ranging from basic to advanced, impart valuable knowledge and insight on the quantitative methods for economic evaluation, which will appeal to both beginners and experts. (springer.com)
  • In this thesis, experimental protocols have been developed and semi-quantitative and quantitative methods have been evaluated for the analysis of hyperpolarised 13C dynamic time-series and time-activity curves of PET tracers acquired ex vivo from Langendorff perfused rat hearts. (bl.uk)
  • Finally, evaluation of model performance regarding knock borderline prediction through comparison with experimental data in different engine speeds, loads, EGR levels and gasoline fuel quality, reveals that the chemical kinetics model has higher sensitivity to end-gas temperature and better knock prediction than the induction-time correlation method. (sae.org)
  • The quantitative assessment of insulin sensitivity (IS) and beta-cell function (BCF) is fundamental in the study of metabolic disorders. (nih.gov)
  • A report in The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics , published by Elsevier, describes the development of a single-cell DNA assessment method with high sensitivity and specificity. (news-medical.net)
  • The sensitivity of an assessment method is the percentage of all persons with the condition that are correctly identified as having the condition (based on the reference standard). (ny.gov)
  • This instructive book presents statistical methods and procedures for the validation of assessment scale data used in counseling, psychology, education, and related fields. (wiley.com)
  • Dr. Dimitrov offers students, researchers, and clinicians step-by-step guidance on contemporary methodological principles, statistical methods, and psychometric procedures that are useful in the development or validation of assessment scale data. (wiley.com)
  • The purpose of this workshop is to identify statistical methods that have or can be applied to pharmacokinetic models for use in risk assessment. (epa.gov)
  • However, the use of formal statistical methods in developing and evaluating these models for use in risk assessment has been limited. (epa.gov)
  • This workshop will review applications of statistical methods to both pharmacokinetic modeling in particular and mathematical modeling more generally, with discussion of the utility of applying such methods to pharmacokinetic models in risk assessment and ways to improve and facilitate their use. (epa.gov)
  • The book contains a technical, but accessible appendix that presents the core mathematical statistical theory used for the development of classical and modern statistical methods. (textbooks.com)
  • Since at the regulatory level, systematic testing of DNT is not a standard requirement within the EU or USA chemical legislation safety assessment, DNT testing is only performed in higher tiered testing triggered based on chemical structure activity relationships or evidence of neurotoxicity in systemic acute or repeated dose toxicity studies. (europa.eu)
  • This safety assessment methodology facilitates the decision-making process in the definition of rational and effective safety-upgrading strategies, and allows decision makers to take science based decisions on where and how they may invest their available resources for strengthening the safety of schools, their students and teaching staff in an efficient and economical manner. (unesco.org)
  • The refined seismic PSA (probabilistic safety assessment) is expected to provide meaningful support in defining regulations for safe design of NPP, as well as for assessing plant safety in real-time in case of temporary unavailability of relevant safety equipment or structures. (globalquakemodel.org)
  • GEM will contribute to the task on seismic hazard assessment and the one on PSA Tools and Methodology. (globalquakemodel.org)
  • The participation of GEM in this high-level program will not only enhance GEM's scientific advancement of earthquake hazard analysis using the OpenQuake engine, but will also promote a two-way sharing of knowledge and skills with other project collaborators for the advancement of earthquake hazard assessment to critical infrastructure such as nuclear power plants. (globalquakemodel.org)
  • Desktop display of OVTA assessment data display is fully integrated with stormwater infrastructure data, lands use, structural BMP locations, and receiving water drainages. (google.com)
  • Specifically, this document summarizes the data sources, methods, models, and assumptions used in NATA that have been published in various EPA reports and have been available on the various NATA assessment web sites. (epa.gov)
  • Two common methods of knock prediction, a generalized chemical kinetics model and an empirical induction-time correlation, are evaluated and compared against experimental data. (sae.org)
  • Security managers should ensure applications undergo security assessments, as applications have quickly become a favorite vector of malicious attackers seeking to disrupt day-to-day business activities or infiltrate corporate defenses to steal sensitive data. (techtarget.com)
  • The most relevant experimental tests and data analysis methods for assessing both IS and BCF are described and their characteristic features discussed. (nih.gov)
  • Based on the screening of existing methods, tools and data, the project analyzed how Arctic conditions may influence marine shipping risk, and related environmental risk. (arctic-council.org)
  • A battery of DNT in vitro test methods derived from hiPSCs could generate valuable mechanistic data, speeding up the evaluation of thousands of compounds present in industrial, agricultural and consumer products that lack safety data on DNT potential. (europa.eu)
  • Low assessment levels are usually implemented through a collection of data (desk analysis, questionnaires, forms, check-lists, etc. (unesco.org)
  • Increases in mass accuracy, resolution, and data processing power, coupled with the large lab footprint of traditional methods and the molecular complexity of biologics, have created an opportunity for this new technology to emerge. (genengnews.com)
  • This project focuses on chemical instrumental methods, including data processing, and in particular innovation in this field. (wur.nl)
  • The results of the research will be new or improved analysis methods and data concerning the prevention of existing and emerging contaminants and residues of pesticides in the food chain. (wur.nl)
  • In 2014, a method will be developed and data generated for 'emerging and new' bromine-based flame retardants and other prioritised environmental contaminants in products with an animal origin. (wur.nl)
  • These are all made possible with new technologies and techniques developed specifically to meet the growing demand, particularly including item response theory and methods for capturing data via social media. (frontiersin.org)
  • This includes appropriate methods for cross-border assessment, improved efficiency of data collection, validation of cross-cultural measurement, contemporary modelling of testing batteries, utilisation of mobile technology, capitalising on Big Data and social media, sophisticated approaches for addressing missing data, and improving accessibility of messages for the general public. (frontiersin.org)
  • This report is of potential use to ecologists, hydrologists, watershed managers, risk assessors, landscape ecologists, and other scientists and managers seeking to increase the use of environmental assessment data in decision making. (epa.gov)
  • Data from all three test methods will now be used to support the study and development of testing strategy approaches for skin sensitiser potency prediction. (nih.gov)
  • This publication represents the current viewpoint of the cosmetics industry on the feasibility of replacing the need for animal test data for informing skin sensitisation risk assessment decisions. (nih.gov)
  • This book offers a comprehensive treatment of the statistical models and methods needed to properly examine the psychometric properties of assessment scale data. (wiley.com)
  • At present, data-driven power system adaptive transient stability assessment methods have achieved excellent performances by balancing speed and accuracy, but the complicated construction and parameters are difficult to obtain. (mdpi.com)
  • Procedures set forth at 1926.1101(f)(2)(iii) for producing a negative exposure assessment (NEA) may be used to provide employee exposure data required by 1926.1101(g)(8)(vi). (osha.gov)
  • We show how the accuracy data from both experiments can be used as an interval scale to compare and rank different methods. (bibsys.no)
  • The feasibility of using a model free maximum entropy/nonlinear least square method (MEM/NLS) for the kinetic analysis of hyperpolarised 13C dynamic data was explored in this thesis for the first time and validated using Monte Carlo simulations and experimental hyperpolarised 13C in vitro time-series. (bl.uk)
  • The methods group supervised the limited descriptive data analyses that the committee conducted to ensure uniformity in definitions and approach. (nap.edu)
  • These Gilenya data and new methods of assessing the impact of MS have the potential to give physicians a more comprehensive picture of an individual's disease and allow patients to better understand their MS. (novartis.com)
  • Evaluation of the method's use-effectiveness has been hindered by its supporters' insistence on distinguishing between method and user failures and by the unreliability of data on sexual activities. (popline.org)
  • Described query statistic equipment, for adding up and inquire about the risk evaluation result of access, export assessment result report, and equipment early warning is carried out in bonding state early warning.Adopt the present invention, breaker apparatus relevant information and environment, historical failure data can be carried out unifying maintenance and management, minimizing accident occurs, and improves the management level of equipment, ensures power network safety operation. (google.com)
  • Design Mixed-methods analysis of survey data and nested semistructured interviews. (bmj.com)
  • Therefore, there is an imperative need for a quick but reliable assessment methodology, which allows them, on the one hand, to characterize the initial situation, and on the other hand, to support them with concrete information for decision making. (unesco.org)
  • When comparing baseline to endpoint pain scores, this led to an apparent improvement in pain over time when comparing the recall-based methods to the real-time ED methodology. (prohealth.com)
  • negative exposure assessment methods for direct and indirect employee exposures. (osha.gov)
  • Their potential uses in risk assessment include extrapolation between individuals, species, doses and routes of exposures. (epa.gov)
  • EPA is announcing the availability of a final report titled, Application of Watershed Ecological Risk Assessment Methods to Watershed Management (EPA/600/R-06/037F), which was prepared by the National Center for Environmental Assessment (NCEA) within EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD). (epa.gov)
  • This review includes a table of studies validating dietary assessment methods with total energy expenditure ( TEE ) measured by doubly labeled water ( DLW ) in school age children (7 studies) and adolescents (4 studies). (cancer.gov)
  • The identification of a directional preference through mechanical means is the hallmark of the McKenzie Method (which is often referred to Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy or MDT). (spine-health.com)
  • Correct assessment or mechanical diagnosis is the key to prescribing effective back pain exercises . (spine-health.com)
  • Multi Frequency Vibrometry, a proven method for diagnosis and examination of the sense of touch in hands to find early signs of nerve damages, i.e. peripheral sensory neuropathy. (youtube.com)
  • Instead, the goal of screening is to identify children who have an increased likelihood of a communication disorder and therefore need further in-depth assessment to establish the diagnosis. (ny.gov)
  • Perhaps the most traditional method is to focus testing resources on the applications with the most public exposure, such as the most widely used Internet-facing Web applications. (techtarget.com)
  • Ecological risk assessment (ERA) is an approach that has successfully been used to increase the use of ecological science in decision making, by evaluating the likelihood that adverse ecological effects may result from exposure to one or more stressors, yet its application to watershed assessment is limited. (epa.gov)
  • Ecological risk assessment (ERA) is a process for analyzing environmental problems and is intended to increase the use of ecological science in decision making in order to evaluate the likelihood that adverse ecological effects may occur or are occurring as a result of exposure to one or more stressors. (epa.gov)
  • There is an urgent need to evaluate exposure assessment methods in other populations and to determine how well each works and the obstacles involved in the application of each. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We propose to conduct a small methodologic investigation with the following objective: evaluate the level of agreement between radiation exposure estimates from the generally simple and inexpensive assessment strategy of model-based dose reconstruction with the only well-established long-term biologically-based dose estimation technique - quantification of chromosome aberration frequency. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The guideline focuses on risk assessments for ship traffic based on the ISO 31000 Structure. (arctic-council.org)
  • It then introduces a class of powerful simulation techniques called Markov Chain Monte Carlo method (MCMC), an important machinery behind Subset Simulation that allows one to generate samples for investigating rare scenarios in a probabilistically consistent manner. (wiley.com)
  • Simulation results show that the proposed model realizes reliable and accurate assessment of transient stability and it has the advantages of short assessment time with less complex model structure to leave time for emergency control. (mdpi.com)
  • One goal of this dissertation is the assessment of CVD simulation and daltonization methods regarding their impact on behavioral performances of the human visual system of color-deficient people. (bibsys.no)
  • Firstly, we propose two behavioral methods for the assessment of CVD simulation and daltonization methods by using actual color-deficient people. (bibsys.no)
  • We introduce a match-to-sample experiment that measures the indirect effect of simulation methods on the short-term memory, and a visual-search experiment that assesses the direct effect of daltonization methods on the attentional system. (bibsys.no)
  • The second method, Yoshi-II, rotates and scales in the color space the error between the original and its simulation in the gradient domain towards the direction of optimal visibility, thus, changing confusion colors in hue while maintaining their overall lightness. (bibsys.no)
  • Mass Spectrometry provides development and validation expectations for these methods. (genengnews.com)
  • At present three non-animal test methods (Direct Peptide Reactivity Assay (DPRA), Myeloid U937 Skin Sensitisation Test (MUSST) and human Cell Line Activation Test (hCLAT)) have been evaluated in Colipa interlaboratory ring trials for their potential to predict skin sensitisation potential and were recently submitted to ECVAM for formal pre-validation. (nih.gov)
  • This is the reason why CAPRA, a comprehensive disaster risk assessment platform, was developed. (cimne.com)
  • This assessment has been evaluated across several populations (e.g., adolescents, adults, alcohol abusers of varying severity, college students, male and female normal drinkers in the general population). (wikipedia.org)
  • This handbook is a comprehensive collection of measures and assessment tools intended for use by researchers and clinicians that work with people with problem eating behaviors, obese clients, and the associated psychological issues that underlie these problems. (platekompaniet.no)
  • 6. The method of claim 5 , wherein the solid support comprises at least one additional reagent for detection of the at least one additional marker. (google.com)
  • Andersen, M. Detection of radical development by ESR spectroscopy techniques for assessment of oxidative susceptibility of fish oils. (bibsys.no)
  • and, ii) international and regional development banks can use the outcomes of the assessments to guide the design of future grants and loans for rehabilitation, reinforcement and retrofitting of school buildings, and in the construction of new safe schools. (unesco.org)
  • Herein, a simple alternative electrochemical assay for the assessment of PON1 activity is proposed for the first time. (rsc.org)
  • Biologically-based pharmacokinetic models are being increasingly used in the risk assessment of environmental chemicals. (epa.gov)
  • CIS RAM (Center for Internet Security® Risk Assessment Method) is an information security risk assessment method that helps organizations implement and assess their security posture against the CIS Controls™ cybersecurity best practices. (cisecurity.org)
  • The 3D-CAM is a method to assess for delirium in under 3 minutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, currently, we are still at an early stage of comprehending methods and approaches providing a robust statistical framework to quantitatively assess the quality of network inference and its predictive potential. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Future of Testing Conference , sponsored by The American Board of Pediatrics Foundation, will feature presentations on innovative testing methodologies, followed by breakout sessions to explore how these new methods might be used to assess physician competencies as part of maintenance of board certification for pediatricians. (abp.org)
  • The ABP recognizes the ongoing changes occurring in physician practice, as well as the rapid advances in the science of assessment, and wants to identify and explore new methods that can assess physician competency more effectively. (abp.org)
  • 2 Methods T his chapter describes the methods the committee used to search and organize the literature, assess the quality of studies, and reach conclusions about the strength of the evidence regarding efficacy of various treatment modalities for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (nap.edu)
  • The Alcohol Timeline Followback Method (TLFB) is a tool developed in 1970 by Linda Carter Sobell and Mark B. Sobell used to assess an individual's alcohol intake. (wikipedia.org)
  • The specificity of an assessment test is the percentage of all persons who do not have the condition (according to the reference standard) that are correctly identified by the tests as being free of the condition. (ny.gov)
  • Comprehensive and practical, HDAC/HAT Function Assessment and Inhibitor Development: Methods and Protocols serves as an ideal guide to this vital area of study. (springer.com)
  • The goal of the project is to develop methods and carry out research with which insight can be obtained into the presence of environmental contaminants and residues of pesticides as effectively and efficiently as possible in a number of matrices for food safety, enforcement of regulations and risk assessment. (wur.nl)
  • Conventional method development: the development of methods for tracing residues and contaminants in matrices for which methods based on current technology are not yet available. (wur.nl)
  • Recent advances in passive sampling methods (PSMs) offer an improvement in risk-based decision making, since bioavailability of sediment contaminants can be directly quantified. (wiley.com)
  • The Research Topic "Advancing Methods for Psychological Assessment Across Borders" includes a collection of papers aimed at clarifying protocols for testing different measures and measurement techniques when comparing between multiple countries. (frontiersin.org)
  • 2 The methods include in vitro analysis, such as culture of endothelial cells, and in vivo analysis, such as flow-mediated dilation (FMD), venous occlusion plethysmography (VOP) and measurement of serum markers. (scielo.br)
  • In cooperation with other BAM divisions, methods such as IR thermography , acoustic emission analysis , NMR, fibre optic sensor technology , electric potential measurement and vibration sensor technology are also available. (bam.de)
  • The review by Livingston and Robson ( 161 ) evaluated key measurement issues in the dietary assessment of children and adolescents and examined the issues of misreporting and the identification of misreporters. (cancer.gov)
  • There are actually several different approaches to corporate risk assessment that are in common use, including assessing risk associated with internal, external, and financial investment decisions. (wisegeek.com)
  • Hayashi PH (2016) Drug-induced Liver Injury Network causality assessment: criteria and experience in the United States. (springer.com)
  • Representing the first book on the topic, this work offers the reader an introduction to the Japanese systems for health technology assessment (HTA) officially introduced by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) in 2016. (springer.com)
  • Ellickson, Phyllis L. and Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, An Assessment of Active Versus Passive Methods for Obtaining Parental Consent. (rand.org)
  • Ellickson, Phyllis L. and Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, An Assessment of Active Versus Passive Methods for Obtaining Parental Consent , Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, N-2935-CHF, 1989. (rand.org)
  • There is currently no single sampling method that has been demonstrated to be sufficiently representative to ensure adequate community assessment and monitoring in this habitat. (plos.org)
  • We do not find differences in transduction efficiency nor in any other parameter in our in vivo and in vitro panel of assessment. (nature.com)
  • Disclosed is a method for obtaining feedback to drive a servo system for aligning and maintaining alignment in optical systems that bring light to an in vivo skin sample, for adjusting the focus of the optical system, and for adjusting the net depth of focus of the optical system within the in vivo system. (google.ca)
  • Finally, the feasibility of extending the analysis methods validated for in vivo PET experiments (spectral-based algorithm, Patlak graphical plot and the semi-quantitative index RATIO) to the kinetic analysis of time-activity curves of PET tracers acquired ex vivo was also assessed in this thesis. (bl.uk)
  • Runtime vulnerability assessment -- Runtime assessments come in three varieties: automated, manual and combined. (techtarget.com)
  • Like runtime vulnerability assessments, source-code reviews can be automated, manual or combined: all with pros and cons analogous to their runtime assessment counterparts. (techtarget.com)
  • Often threat modeling precedes source-code review and/or runtime vulnerability assessments. (techtarget.com)
  • Once those apps are identified, comprehensive automated and manual runtime vulnerability assessments can be performed. (techtarget.com)
  • Each issue is analyzed using the process of an expert reasoning, splitting the assessment in two main phases: the characterization and the evaluation. (unesco.org)
  • C omprehensive A pproach for P robabilistic R isk A ssessment ( CAPRA ) is a free, modular, extensible and open source platform for risk analysis and decision making, which applies probabilistic techniques to hazard and loss assessment. (cimne.com)
  • In the hazard task, GEM will implement into the OQ Engine methods such as vector-valued probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA), cluster-based PSHA as well as new methods to propagate epistemic uncertainties. (globalquakemodel.org)
  • This method was recently reported in the Journal of Industrial Microbiology where we demonstrated its application by the characterization of four membrane engineering strategies (deletion of aas, deletion of cfa, increased expression of cfa, and deletion of bhsA) for their effect on octanoic acid tolerance, with the finding that deletion of bhsA increased tolerance and substantially decreased membrane leakage. (aiche.org)
  • lack of surveys on existing methods, tools and good practices. (europa.eu)
  • The CAPRA platform includes hazard mapping, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis tools to support pro-active risk management. (cimne.com)
  • This review is an attempt to highlight some important methods employed in nanomaterial toxicology and to provide a critical analysis of the major issues/challenges faced in this emerging field. (springer.com)
  • The objective of this session is to distinguish, review and comprehend multiple methods to approach root cause analysis problems. (reliableplant.com)
  • Source-code review -- Source-code review allows assessors to find various vulnerabilities, but requires deep language and security expertise, and often takes longer than runtime assessments. (techtarget.com)
  • The review concludes with a discussion of criteria to consider in selecting a dietary survey method in young children and older children and adolescents. (cancer.gov)
  • After its assessment of the titles and abstracts, the committee members identified about 3,000 studies for further review. (nap.edu)
  • In Genotoxicity Assessment: Methods and Protocols, expert researchers in the field provide comprehensive genetictoxicology protocols. (worldcat.org)
  • Authoritative and cutting-edge, Genotoxicity Assessment: Methods and Protocols seeks to aid research students and scientists working in regulatory toxicology as well as biomedical, biochemical and pharmaceutical sciences. (worldcat.org)
  • Written for the popular Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, as well as tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. (springer.com)
  • Accurate assessment of disease activity is key to guide treatment decisions in RMS. (novartis.com)
  • books.google.com - Technology assessment can lead to the rapid application of essential diagnostic technologies and prevent the wide diffusion of marginally useful methods. (google.com)
  • This comprehensive monograph carefully explores methods of and barriers to diagnostic technology assessment and describes both the rationale and the guidelines for meaningful evaluation. (google.com)
  • His research interest is primarily in pharmacoeconomics and health technology assessment. (springer.com)
  • The assessment of language in children under age 3 is challenging, however, since there is considerable variability in the rates at which children develop language skills. (ny.gov)
  • Nevertheless, the average error is inferior to the average error associated with radiologist inter-observer variability, which suggests that our method produces lung contours similar to those drawn by radiologists. (spie.org)
  • an adequate security assessment, despite a mandate to protect the enterprise against application threats. (techtarget.com)
  • At a later stage, information provided by the parents is crucial to an adequate assessment of the child's communication. (ny.gov)
  • Tests that rely on direct observation of the child by a professional, such as the Early Language Milestone Scale (ELM), often prescribe specific ways for the examiner to elicit responses from the child and have a standardized method for scoring behaviors that are observed. (ny.gov)
  • Further identified open issues/needs in the area of Risk Management/Risk Assessment, such as interoperability of methods and integration with corporate governance, are presented by means of a road-map describing and prioritizing possible future actions to be performed in that area. (europa.eu)
  • By doing risk assessments, different kinds of risks, involved in the entire software development life cycle are recognized and measured. (techrepublic.com)
  • Policy and guidelines are discussed, with the relevant methods and conditions of cost-effectiveness analysis explained alongside. (springer.com)
  • 3.1 The Information Security Board, chaired by the Director of Information, will monitor the effectiveness of this method statement and carry out regular reviews. (york.ac.uk)
  • This paper critically analyzes claims for the effectiveness of the Billings method of natural family planning and raises questions about the wisdom of actively promoting this method. (popline.org)
  • This report presents the findings of a study designed to develop a test method using non-invasive bioengineering skin instrumentation for evaluating the effectiveness of barrier creams against chemical skin irritants used in a typical work setting. (ilo.org)
  • What Are the Different Methods of Corporate Risk Assessment? (wisegeek.com)
  • The different methods of risk assessment come together in a cohesive effort to protect the interests of the company and position the business to capitalize on all opportunities without incurring an unreasonable level of risk. (wisegeek.com)
  • Alternate phylogenies with the same cladistic topology using different methods to calibrate branch durations and divergence times. (wiley.com)
  • We determined the number of studies for each comparison of a diagnostic method and a reference standard listed within the scope of our assessment. (aappublications.org)
  • RCA is a continuous improvement tool that utilizes multiple methods or avenues to aid in the discovery of a problem or unexpected event such as inferior quality, inhibited performance or increased concern for safety through the process of scrutinizing and eliminating symptoms of a problem to identify the underlying, bottom-line issue. (reliableplant.com)
  • Disclosed methods and systems include providing a medical assessment in which it is determined if a candidate is medically suitable for employment based on a standardized process and medical information associated with a candidate. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Corporate risk assessment is a process that seeks to identify the potential liabilities associated with making certain decisions within the operation of a business. (wisegeek.com)
  • Every aspect of the assessment process for young children with communication disorders involves the parents in a variety of ways. (ny.gov)
  • Because parents play a critical role in the identification and assessment process, there is a need for parents to understand communication development in young children. (ny.gov)
  • This method simplifies the process of counting calories, especially with assembled or cooked meal, it makes it easier to track any given meal even to those how are not so familiar with the caloric value of a product. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This book offers unique insight on structural safety and reliability by combining computational methods that address multiphysics problems, involving multiple equations describing different physical phenomena and multiscale problems, involving discrete sub-problems that together describe important aspects of a system at multiple scales. (kobo.com)
  • 1.1 This method statement describes the risk assessment steps that must be taken to select a third party to provide an outsourced or cloud computing University IT Service. (york.ac.uk)
  • Ecological assessments of watersheds are complex because watersheds typically overlap multiple jurisdictional boundaries, are subjected to multiple environmental stressors, and have multiple stakeholders with diverse environmental and socioeconomic interests. (epa.gov)
  • Demand for the method was low even in developing countries where calendar rhythm and withdrawal are relatively popular methods of fertility control, suggesting that women of low socioeconomic status may prefer a method that does not require demanding interaction with service providers and acknowledgment of sexual activity. (popline.org)
  • In another embodiment, the invention provides a method for detecting skin abnormalities and for assessing the aging of skin and related tissues. (google.ca)
  • This book is essential reading for graduate students, researchers and engineers interested in applying Monte Carlo methods for risk assessment and reliability based design in various fields such as civil engineering, mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering, electrical engineering and nuclear engineering. (wiley.com)
  • Although many women do experience a changing pattern of mucus symptoms, these changes do not mark the fertile period with sufficient reliability to form the basis for a fully effective method of fertility control. (popline.org)
  • The role of mathematical models in IS and BCF assessment is also emphasized. (nih.gov)
  • Because of the high rates of delirium among patients in the ICU, a version of the CAM has been developed to allow assessment of critically ill patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The method comprises characterizing the content of the skin using Raman spectroscopy. (google.ca)
  • The division Non-Destructive Testing Methods for Civil Engineering promotes the practical application of non-destructive testing (NDT) methods for all areas of civil engineering, improves existing methods, develops new methods and supports the development of regulations. (bam.de)
  • EPA's Office of Water, Office of Research and Development, and the Risk Assessment Forum agree to co-sponsor five watershed assessments. (epa.gov)
  • The reference methods against which the instruments have been compared have inconsistent validity. (cancer.gov)