Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Nursing Assessment: Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.History of MedicineOutcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.HistoryPredictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.United StatesAge Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Great BritainDisability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.History of NursingReproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Cognition Disorders: Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Health Impact Assessment: Combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.EuropeMedical Records: Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.Process Assessment (Health Care): An evaluation procedure that focuses on how care is delivered, based on the premise that there are standards of performance for activities undertaken in delivering patient care, in which the specific actions taken, events occurring, and human interactions are compared with accepted standards.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.JapanNeurologic Examination: Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Toxicity Tests: An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.EnglandStatistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.BrazilPreoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Symptom Assessment: Evaluation of manifestations of disease.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Genetic Testing: Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted: Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.ItalyPedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.GermanyAnthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Positron-Emission Tomography: An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.IndiaAging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
"Assessment". sjiibangalore.com. Retrieved 2017-08-29. "History". sjccbangalore.com. Retrieved 2017-08-29. "Redefining ' ... The College is visited regularly by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council. The College admits students of all ...
1 History. *2 Test Procedure. *3 Results Assessment. *4 Test Evaluation. *5 Usage in Aviation ... Results Assessment[edit]. Errors by color-deficient patients tend to be of two types. The first is mis-calling the white light ... History[edit]. The test was developed by Dr. Dean Farnsworth (Commander, United States Navy) while stationed at the Naval ...
4 Personality Assessment *4.1 MMPI *4.1.1 History. *4.1.2 MMPI-2 ... past medical history and family history, other drugs or dietary ... "SIGMA Assessment Systems. Retrieved 17 March 2018.. *^ "NEO-PI-3 Sample Report" (PDF). Sigma Assessment Systems. 2010. ... a b c d e f g h i Groth-Marnat, G. (2003). Handbook of Psychological Assessment. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons. ... Therapeutic assessment. Notes and references[edit]. *^ Framingham, J. (2011). What is Psychological Assessment?. Psych Central ...
"U.S. Post Office, Court House, and Custom House; Honolulu, Hawaii". History of the Federal Judiciary. US Federal Judicial ... "Fort Armstrong Container Terminal Improvements" (PDF). Environmental Assessment. August 1992. Retrieved April 2, 2011. " ...
Abdominal assessment. This pattern centers on activity level, exercise program, and leisure activities. History (subjective ... Musculoskeletal, cardiac and respiratory assessments. Assesses sleep and rest patterns. History (subjective data): Generally ... Skin assessment, oral mucous membranes, teeth, actual weight/height, temperature. Abdominal assessment. Describes the function ... History (subjective data): How do you describe yourself? Most of the time, feel good (or not so good) about self? Changes in ...
"Canada Warbler-Life History". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved December 15, 2016. "Canada Warbler-Identification". Cornell ... "Species Assessment Database". Partners in Flight. Retrieved December 15, 2016. "Canada Warbler". American Bird Conservancy. ... Conway, Courtney J. (1999). Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis). The Birds of North America: Life Histories for the 21st ... Bent, Arthur Cleveland (1953). "Canada Warbler". Life Histories of North American Wood Warblers: Order Passeriformes. ...
"Assessment Property Search". assessment.beavercountypa.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-19. PA RR Stations Past & Present page for ... Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation. Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation. Retrieved 2016-11-19. Check date values ... The Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation (PHLF) proposed a plan to restore College (Hill) Station in 2007/2008 as part of ...
Official British history. Lee Kennett. A History of Strategic Bombing. New York: Scribner's, 1982. Alfred Mierzejewski. The ... Alan J. Levine, The Strategic Bombing of Germany, 1940-1945 (1992) Gentile, Gian P. (1998). Advocacy or Assessment?: The United ... Official AAF history. Sir Charles Webster and Noble Frankland. The Strategic Air Offensive against Germany. 4 vols. London: Her ... States Strategic Bombing Survey was a written report created by a board of experts assembled to produce an impartial assessment ...
Company History. Harcourt Assessment (website). 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-21. History of Harcourt Trade Publishers. Harcourt ... Harcourt Assessment - develops tests and resources for educational, psychological, speech, and occupational therapy assessment ... "Pearson Completes Acquisition of Harcourt Assessment". Assessment & Information Group of Pearson (pearsonassessments.com). ... Harcourt was a United States publishing firm with a long history of publishing fiction and nonfiction for adults and children. ...
Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104:(1),105-6. Global Amphibian Assessment. ... Rediscovery of the black microhylid Melanobatrachus indicus (Beddome, 1878). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 94: ... American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 November 2015. Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Melanobatrachus indicus Beddome, 1878 ... American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 November 2015. "Black Microhylid Frog (Melanobatrachus indicus)". ...
Lincoln: History of Lincolnshire Committee,. The Lincolnshire Wolds Landscape. Landscape Character Assessment. Natural England ... Market Rasen Caistor Spilsby Many of the placenames in the Wolds indicate a strong Viking influence in the area's history. ...
Towner, A. C. (1962). "An outline of the history of Western Queensland" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Historical Society of ... "Current water accounts and water quality for the Galilee subregion: Surface water". Bioregional Assessment Programme. Bureau of ...
"RAE 2008 : Quality profiles - Law". Research Assessment Exercise. Retrieved 22 June 2009. "History of Taylor Library". ... The history of the School of Law began with the establishment in 1495 of King's College, Aberdeen, the original university in ... In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), the School submitted 35.7 FTE staff, the third-highest number of legal research ...
"Assessment & Taxation Report". Washington County. Retrieved December 10, 2008. Boone, Jerry F. (September 4, 2003). "Art in the ... p. West Zoner, 1. "Our History". Walters Cultural Arts Center. City of Hillsboro. Retrieved December 10, 2008. Anderson, David ...
"Project History". Friends of Red Hill Valley. Archived from the original on October 10, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2013. " ... "Federal Environmental Assessment". Friends of the Red Hill Valley. Retrieved June 6, 2010. "Hamilton Sues Canada: An ... The project required approvals from various boards: the Ontario Municipal Board (OMB), Ontario Environmental Assessment Board ( ... and utilized environmental assessment "in an unprecedented, illegal and unconstitutional manner in order to achieve that ...
"History". Jeffers Petroglyphs. Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 15 January 2011. "Map". Wetlands Component Assessment ... The state's geologic history can be divided into three periods. The first period was a lengthy period of geologic instability ... Burke Museum of History and Culture, University of Washington. Retrieved 2007-12-15. Van Schmus, W. R.; Hinze, W. J. (May 1985 ... "Geologic History of the Anoka Sandplain". Guide to Anoka County's Natural Resources. Anoka County. Retrieved 2007-04-03. Black ...
It has galleries on the history of the town, including Roman salt making, Tudor Nantwich's Great Fire, the Civil War Battle of ... Shaw, Mike; Clark, Jo (2002). Nantwich: Archaeological Assessment (PDF). Chester: Cheshire County Council. Retrieved 23 ... "About us: History". Nantwich Park Road Bowling Club. Retrieved 4 January 2017. "WW1 Great War Centenary - Auxiliary Hospitals ... "History". Ginger & Pickles. Retrieved 23 December 2016. Wilkes, Sue. "Nantwich: A Town That's Worth Its Salt". TimeTravel- ...
The Eagles then faced 12th-seeded Richmond in the third round, which was only the ninth time in tournament history that a 12-13 ... Morehead State University :: Past Presidents, retrieved 2017-08-01 "Morehead State University :: University Assessment and ...
1987) History of the port The West Australian, 2 May 1987, p. 35, 36 Davidson, Dean. (2000) The inner harbour of the port of ... "Leighton Battery Assessment Documentation". Heritage Council of Western Australia. 28 August 1999. Retrieved 12 August 2016. ... History of the inner harbour through to the formulation of the current port development plan) Western planner (West Perth, W.A ... "Early History". Fremantle Ports. Dena Garratt. "Fremantle Long Jetty". WA Museum. Archived from the original on 29 September ...
"Parishes - Brinkworth". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2010-01-02. Land ... Use Consultants (December 2005). "Ecological Character" (PDF). Wiltshire Landscape Character Assessment. Wiltshire County ...
"Post offices". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016. "22 Most Damaging ... Floods in Colorado". www.assessment.ucar.edu. Retrieved 2016-12-01. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States ...
"Tattersalls Club Early History". Perth & Tattersalls Bowling and Recreation Club. Retrieved 25 January 2016. "Perth and ... "Esplanade Reserve - Assessment Documentation". Heritage Council of Western Australia. p. 7. Retrieved 25 January 2016. "Fifty ...
"History". Rother Valley Country Park. Retrieved 18 September 2010. "Rotherham 2007 flood assessment". Environment Agency. ... Assessment following those floods has led the Environment Agency to conclude that the regulators are expensive to maintain, and ...
Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment. Developments in hydrobiology. 198. Springer. pp. 61-66. doi:10.1007/s10750-007-9004-6. ... Journal of Natural History. 29 (2): 271-561. doi:10.1080/00222939500770161. Chris Lowe (2011). "Confirming the existence of the ...
In 1972 she was awarded the Bruno Klopfer Award by the Society for Personality Assessment. The University of Florida made her ... "About: History and setting". Neuropsychology. University of Florida. Retrieved 1 January 2016. "SPA Awards". Society for ... 1991, "Inkblots and poems." In C. E. Walker (Ed.) The history of clinical psychology in autobiography Vol. 1 (pp. 125-169). ... Harrower, Molly (26 November 1982). "University of Florida Oral History Project" (Interview). Interview with Emily Ring. ...
1997,title = Hazard Assessment of Germanium Supplements,journal = Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology,volume = 25,issue = 3, ... Bulletin for the History of Chemistry,volume=27,issue=1,pages=4-16,year=2002,url=http://www.scs.uiuc.edu/~mainzv/HIST/awards/ ...
Ecological Impact Assessments (EcIA): scoping studies, ecological enhancement and mitigation advice, assessment of biodiversity ... Our services cover ecological baseline studies, monitoring and assessment, including:. *marine benthic and nektonic fauna and ... commercial and non-commercial fish, mollusc and crustacean assessment and monitoring. *fully equipped, certified and deployable ... The Museum offers environmental, ecological and biodiversity assessment and monitoring, as well as conservation advice and ...
CDC Clinician Outreach and Communication Activity (COCA). Providing clinicians the most current and reliable information on emerging public health threats, such as pandemics, natural disasters, and bioterrorism.
Health Heritage is a family health history collection and risk assessment tool that provides users with the electronic ... Health Heritage: Cancer Family Health History Collection and Risk Assessment Tool. ... Family health history is an important risk factor for many chronic conditions yet remains underutilized in the clinical setting ... Health Heritage can import data directly from patients medical records to populate family health history information, allows ...
Areas for focused assessment (30 points) Individuals strengths noted in the Health Assessment/Health History: •... ... Health History for Health Assessment Essay. 3959 Words , 16 Pages. *. A Survey Health History Assessment On A Patient ... Health History for Health Assessment Essay. 3959 Words , 16 Pages. NSG306 Health Assessment: Health History on Mr. Ricky ... medical attention, has had a health history assessment conducted on them. Such an assessment provides health care workers such ...
OECD and member countries began to focus on initial hazard assessments of HPV chemicals to increase transparency, efficiency ... OECD Home Chemical safety and biosafetyAssessment of chemicalsHistory: From the HPV Chemicals Programme to the Cooperative ... Assessment of chemicals. #heading { display: none; } History: From the HPV Chemicals Programme to the Cooperative Chemicals ... At this time, initial risk assessments using the SIDS and detailed exposure data were conducted. These initial assessments were ...
Tags: Medical History. Doctors use risk assessment tools to calculate breast cancer risk. Two of the most well-known are the ... The questions ask about risk factors such as age, child-bearing history, family history of breast cancer, and breast biopsy ... If you have a history of benign breast disease, it makes sense to talk to your doctor about this study. It also makes sense to ... LCIS and a strong family history makes your risk even higher.. In the study, the researchers looked at data from 1.1 million ...
The Screening Environmental History, and Additional Categories and Questions to Supplement The Screening Environmental History, ... ATSDR Case Study in Environmental History: Taking a Pediatric Exposure History. https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/exposure-history ... A routine screening history for potential environmental exposures.. *Age-appropriate risk-based screening for lead poisoning, ... Written checklists completed by parents may be used to facilitate obtaining an exposure history. Examples of these checklists ...
Describes what is included in the initial history and physical exam of patients potentially exposed to carbon tetrachloride ( ... Medical History. Medical history and a review of systems should include assessments of current and past diagnoses or symptoms ... Patient History. An exposure history should be taken as part of the patient medical history. This should cover occupational and ... The occupational history should also include the patients general assessment of the hygienic conditions of the work setting, ...
... social history, emotional and behavioral history, family history, medical history and systems review, other significant medical ... risk assessment, and pertinent dental history. Acquiring a thorough patient history is of paramount importance because it ... The Patient History, Physical Evaluation, and Risk Assessment You will receive 4 credit(s) of continuing education credit upon ... As the result of taking a patient history along with the physical evaluation and risk assessment for each patient, treatment ...
The Sleep and Apnea Assessment Unit at the London Health Sciences Centre - Victoria Hospital (formerly South Street Hospital) ... History of the Sleep and Apnea Assessment Unit The Sleep and Apnea Assessment Unit at the London Health Sciences Centre - ...
Applied History of Psychology/Models of Assessment. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world ... Timeline of Early Milestones in the History of Testing[edit]. *2200 B.C.: Chinese emperor examined his officials every third ... A Brief History of Psychological Testing[edit]. Although the widespread use of psychological testing is largely a phenomenon of ... 2 Timeline of Early Milestones in the History of Testing. *3 Heredity, Historiometry and Eugenics *3.1 Galton to Ceci: ...
Waterman shows how to make both the curriculum and the evaluation fit the learner with differentiated formative assessments in ... Tags: assessmentdifferentiated formative assessmentsdifferentiationEnglisheye on educationformative assessmentJoanne Bellmiddle ... Differentiation and assessment are hot topics in schools today. This book shows the way to make the curriculum as well as the ... Her assessment uses discussion of the characteristics of science fiction. Metaphorical expression arrives at meaning via a ...
Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation(FACE) Programplus icon * Whats New - 2020plus icon *2019 ... Mission, History, and Objectives. What is the NIOSH FACE program?. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ( ... The FACE program currently has two components: the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation project (NIOSH FACE) and the ... NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program is a research program designed to identify and study fatal ...
Dentition and Lesion History. Eggertsson H. · Ferreira-Zandona A. Author affiliations Indiana University School of Dentistry, ... This chapter reviews the linkage between the caries process and the dental caries lesion history of the human dentition. The ... Detection, Assessment, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Caries. Editor(s): Pitts N. (Dundee) ... Pitts NB (ed): Detection, Assessment, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Caries. Monogr Oral Sci. Basel, Karger, 2009, vol 21, pp 102- ...
Read chapter 2 History of Public Policy on Lighting: The standard incandescent light bulb, which still works mainly as Thomas ... Assessment of Advanced Solid-State Lighting (2013) Chapter: 2 History of Public Policy on Lighting. ... Next: 3 Assessment of LED and OLED Technologies » The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 500 Fifth St., ... History of Federal Government lighting Policy. Since the early 1970s the federal government has been involved in RD&D and ...
To describe the natural history, assessment and management of varicose veins.. Discussion. Surgical or other intervention is ... Natural history, assessment and management. Volume 42, No.6, June 2013 Pages 380-384 ... Many causes of varicose veins are postulated, but only a genetic link and past history of deep vein thrombosis are supported by ... A quality of life or degree of disability assessment is an important part of the initial consultation. ...
We sought to compare estimates of patients METs between preoperative assessment by medical history with quantified assessment ... During preoperative assessments at the BWH preoperative evaluation clinic, the METs of a patient are estimated by history using ... Comparison of Preoperative Assessment of Patients Metabolic Equivalents (METs) Estimated from History versus Measured by ... but rather a reassessment of a clinicians ability to get an accurate functional assessment from a patients history of ...
There are important lessons to be learned for risk assessment by reimagining earthquake history. A number of salient examples ... Experienced in the assessment of many types of extreme risk, he is the chief editor of Geohazards and Georisks, a section of ... He is a noted expert on probabilistic seismic hazard assessment, and has developed seismic hazard models for many countries. He ...
History. Revision history of "Risk Assessment During Onboard Fire and Smoke (OGHFA SE)". View logs for this page. Search for ... Retrieved from "https://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Risk_Assessment_During_Onboard_Fire_and_Smoke_(OGHFA_SE)" ...
Family History Gets a Boost Adding Systematic Family History Enquiry to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment: Clinical ... Adding Systematic Family History Enquiry to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment: Clinical Utility in Primary Care Nadeem ... Effect of Adding Systematic Family History Enquiry to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment in Primary Care : A Matched-Pair, ... Adding Systematic Family History Enquiry to Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment: Clinical Utility in Primary Care ...
... thresholds and subjective pain in individuals with and without a parental history of hypertension. Using a repea ... First, individuals with a parental history of hypertension exhibited attenuated pain sensitivity. Second, endogenous opioid ... participants rated the level of pain experienced during the preceding NFR assessment, and at the end of each session ... thresholds and subjective pain in individuals with and without a parental history of hypertension. Using a repeated measures ...
... have presented a new study that shows how the inclusion of falls history, in addition to clinical risk factors (CRFs) and bone ... Inclusion of falls history shown to enhance accuracy of fracture risk assessment models. March 24, 2011, International ... BMD and falls history to fracture prediction. They concluded that fall history is an independent risk factor for fracture. Its ... This will not only be valuable information in making an assessment of whether to treat an individual for osteoporosis, but ...
Adding social deprivation and family history to cardiovascular risk assessment: the ASSIGN score from the Scottish Heart Health ... Adding social deprivation and family history to cardiovascular risk assessment: the ASSIGN score from the Scottish Heart Health ... Recruitment, risk factor assessment and follow-up. SHHEC includes overlapping studies. The Scottish Heart Health Study5 ... Family history is valuable not least as an approach to ethnic susceptibility. ASSIGN merits further evaluation for clinical use ...
Terry DPHuebschmann NAMaxwell BACook NEMannix RCZafonte R: Pre-injury migraine history as a risk factor for prolonged return to ... Mucha ACollins MWElbin RJFurman JMTroutman-Enseki CDeWolf RM: A brief Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS) assessment to ... Terry DPWojtowicz MCook NEMaxwell BAZafonte RSeifert T: Factors associated with self-reported concussion history in middle ... Echemendia RJMeeuswisse WMcCrory PDavis GAPutukian MLeddy J: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5th Edition (SCAT5): ...
... has published a fascinating and terribly important paper in the University of Chicago Law Review titled US Risk Assessment ... Understanding history of risk assessment models for chemicals and radiation. January 9, 2013. By Rod Adams ... If you want to talk about history, or compare, um, qualifications, or how long someone has been reading this blog, thats a ... Since Rod has decreed this thread to be about history and rhetoric, we cant have that discussion here. ...
  • For more information on what the case histories may relate to, please view the original announcement call for papers . (issmge.org)
  • AutoCAD is one of the most dead videos of download Environments at Risk: Case Histories you will always have, but the developer and justification of it will more than find the geneator for most friends. (chagourygroup.com)
  • Anonymous Reviewer ( 2018 ) Peer Review #1 of 'Global mapping of potential natural vegetation: an assessment of machine learning algorithms for estimating land potential (v0.1)' . (peerj.com)
  • Thursday, December 6, 2018 at 3:30pm-Henry Kingma, the director of recycling at Calvin, will describe the history and future of the college's recycling program. (calvin.edu)
  • Spiritual Assessment NUR 645E Grand Canyon University April 3, 2013 Abstract Evidence has linked a strong relationship between spirituality and medicine. (bartleby.com)
  • These initial assessments were undertaken in OECD's HPV Chemicals Programme for screening purposes and to identify any need for further work. (oecd.org)
  • With this new direction, the OECD HPV Chemicals Programme evolved into the OECD Cooperative Chemicals Assessment Programme (CoCAP) to better respond to the needs of member countries. (oecd.org)
  • Objectives To assess the feasibility of delivering and evaluating a weight management (WM) programme for overweight patients with a family history (FH) of breast cancer (BC) or colorectal cancer (CRC). (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions A lifestyle programme for people with a family history of cancer is feasible to conduct and acceptable to participants, and indicative results suggest favourable outcomes. (bmj.com)
  • The programme begins with introductory modules in History of Art and its Objects and foundation modules in history of art, together with a thematic seminar taught mainly in galleries, museums and sites in London. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • This new programme offers a critically engaging and expansive approach to the discipline of art history combined with film. (kent.ac.uk)
  • The programme is intended for graduates in art history, philosophy and cognate subjects, such as fine art. (kent.ac.uk)
  • Acquiring a thorough patient history is of paramount importance because it provides the necessary information to formulate an accurate diagnosis of a variety of oral conditions that may result from systemic diseases. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The character of the 1905 scales owed much to a prior test developed by Dr. Blin (1902) and his pupil M. Damaye, who attempted to improve the diagnosis of mental retardation by using a battery of assessments (Gregory, 1992). (wikibooks.org)
  • Pitts NB (ed): Detection, Assessment, Diagnosis and Monitoring of Caries. (karger.com)
  • Once a gait abnormality has been identified, a thorough history and physical examination should be undertaken to narrow the differential diagnosis. (medscape.com)
  • Establishing a diagnosis can be quite challenging, and these patients often require assessment by more than one physician in more than one visit. (medscape.com)
  • 3 , 13 , 14 , 19 - 22 The association between a mental health diagnosis and opioid misuse may be due to comorbid substance use disorders (SUDs), as a history of substance abuse is the most consistent predictor of both COT use and misuse. (annfammed.org)
  • Reveal history of any preexisting or underlying condition(s) that might complicate the diagnostic and clinical approach to the patient. (cdc.gov)
  • Researchers from the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit in Southampton, UK, have presented a new study that shows how the inclusion of falls history, in addition to clinical risk factors (CRFs) and bone mineral density (BMD) values, would greatly improve the accuracy of fracture prediction models. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Clinical risk factors, bone mineral density and falls history in the prediction of incident fracture among men and women. (medicalxpress.com)
  • This study is the first comprehensive global assessment of FOP flare-ups and establishes a critical foundation for the design and evaluation of future clinical trials. (elsevier.com)
  • This clinical report supplements the combined policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, American Academy of Ophthalmology, and American Association of Certified Orthoptists titled "Visual System Assessment in Infants, Children, and Young Adults by Pediatricians. (aappublications.org)
  • We used data from a prospectively assessed cohort with standardized clinical assessments in primary care (the Västerbotten Intervention Program) [ 16 , 17 ] in combination with population-based registries on pregnancy history, in-patient care, and cause of death. (springer.com)
  • This spine surgery lecture on Adult Scoliosis concerns its epidemiology, natural history, classification, clinical assessment and health-related quality of life. (eccelearning.com)
  • The lecture begins with an examination of the epidemiology of adult scoliosis before moving on to look at its natural history and progression with a clinical example. (eccelearning.com)
  • To be aware that the treatment of adult scoliosis is only secondary related to the X-rays but rather has to take into consideration the exact pain history, the clinical assessment and the health status of the patient. (eccelearning.com)
  • The incidence and time of onset of clinical cardiovascular disease in patients with FH vary, depending on gender, cigarette smoking, LDL and HDL cholesterol levels, and other factors, including the family history of premature CVD. (ahajournals.org)
  • The Family Healthware Impact Trial (FHITr) set out to examine the clinical utility of presenting personalized preventive messages tailored to family history risk for improving health behaviors. (cdc.gov)
  • The authors performed a cross-sectional study examining baseline outcome measures on newly developed and implemented concussion assessment tools in pediatrics. (thejns.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of premorbid, diagnosed migraine headaches as a risk factor on vestibular and oculomotor baseline assessment in pediatric athletes. (thejns.org)
  • Pediatric athletes between the ages of 8 and 14 years with a diagnosed history of migraine headache (n = 28) and matched controls without a history of diagnosed migraine headache (n = 28) were administered a baseline concussion assessment battery, consisting of the Vestibular/Ocular Motor Screening (VOMS), near point of convergence (NPC), and the King-Devick (K-D) tests. (thejns.org)
  • Athletes with migraine headaches also performed worse on the K-D test, further illustrating the influence of premorbid migraine headaches as a risk factor for elevated concussion assessment outcomes at baseline. (thejns.org)
  • To accomplish this, we predicted the risk of CVD utilizing a conventional prediction model [ 15 ] in a population-based cohort with CVD risk factors measured at baseline, and separately evaluated its performance following the inclusion of HDP or LBW offspring history. (springer.com)
  • The history also should include information regarding previous surgeries, injuries, and a subjective assessment of baseline nasal function and appearance. (aafp.org)
  • Conducting scientific assessments is part of EPA's mission and day-to-day work. (epa.gov)
  • EPA is hereby providing for public information a draft Toxicological Review, draft IRIS Summary, and charge to external peer reviewers for EPA's health assessment of dibutyl phthalate. (epa.gov)
  • Given the pivotal role of learner-centred instruction in realising the set goals for History and Social Sciences, it is essential to explain how this teaching and learner-centred approach has been viewed over time. (scielo.org.za)
  • Our teaching and research concentrates on the period from 1500 to the present and covers a wide geographical area that includes British and European history, as well as Latin America, the USA, China, Russia and Africa. (essex.ac.uk)
  • We're currently reviewing teaching and assessment of our modules in light of the COVID-19 situation. (sussex.ac.uk)
  • This course will include a discussion of the essential components of the history, physical evaluation, and risk assessment for dental patients. (drbicuspid.com)
  • As the result of taking a patient history along with the physical evaluation and risk assessment for each patient, treatment plan modifications may be necessary due to the identification of medically complex conditions. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program is a research program designed to identify and study fatal occupational injuries. (cdc.gov)
  • The FACE program currently has two components: the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation project (NIOSH FACE) and the State-based Fatality Surveillance Using FACE Model project (State FACE). (cdc.gov)
  • Exercise cardiac stress test quantified METs were on average 3.3 METS higher than the METs estimated by the preoperative evaluation history. (hindawi.com)
  • If a patient cannot perform four METs, this could prompt further cardiac workup by the Stepwise Approach to Perioperative Cardiac Assessment Treatment algorithm from the ACC/AHA Guidelines on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation and Management of Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery, because these patients have increased postoperative complications [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • If you pass the evaluation at the first assessment it will not take much of your time. (abdn.ac.uk)
  • A complete cardiac workup, including angiography, is not necessary in every transplant candidate, but patients with a significant history, symptoms, type 1 diabetes, or hypertensive renal disease should undergo a thorough evaluation to rule out significant coronary artery disease (CAD). (medscape.com)
  • At the core of these decisions is the need for risk assessment estimates to be based on a sound foundation, using scientifically validated procedures and having high reliability. (atomicinsights.com)
  • He is a noted expert on probabilistic seismic hazard assessment, and has developed seismic hazard models for many countries. (seced.org.uk)
  • Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment publishes research papers, reviews and technical notes on stochastic and probabilistic approaches to environmental sciences and engineering, including interactions of earth and atmospheric environments with people and ecosystems. (springer.com)
  • Most risk assessment terminology can be found in the Risk Assessment Glossary , but below we include the meaning behind "variability","uncertainty", and "probabilistic modeling. (epa.gov)
  • Archaeology and History are perfectly matched subjects and ideal for students who have an interest in the past. (abdn.ac.uk)
  • As a Joint Honours student, you will divide your time between the School of History, Classics and Archaeology in the recently refurbished Armstrong Building and the School of English Literature, Language and Linguistics in the Percy Building. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • The placements seek to provide students with an understanding of the practical application of their academic knowledge of History, Welsh History or Archaeology to professional fields that are intimately associated with those disciplines. (bangor.ac.uk)
  • The student will work in a workplace as agreed between the School of History, Welsh History and Archaeology, the workplace, and the student (standing arrangements exist with Caernarfon and Llangefni record offices, with the Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, with Oriel Bangor and Oriel Môn at Llangefni and the regimental Museum at Caernarfon. (bangor.ac.uk)
  • The U.S. EPA has conducted a peer review of the scientific basis supporting the human health hazard and dose-response assessment of dibutyl phthalate that will appear on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) database. (epa.gov)
  • History of LBW offspring was associated with increased risk of CVD when added to conventional predictors in women 50 years of age [Hazard ratio 1.68, 95% Confidence interval (CI) 1.19, 2.but not at age 60 (age interaction p = 0.04). (springer.com)
  • This double blind, placebo-controlled study examined the effects of an opiate antagonist, naltrexone, on nociceptive flexion reflex (NFR) thresholds and subjective pain in individuals with and without a parental history of hypertension. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Health Heritage is a family health history collection and risk assessment tool that provides users with the electronic equivalent of a genetic counselor consultation for inherited cancers and soon, all major diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Health Heritage was designed to help patients to easily collect, maintain, and share their detailed personal and family health histories with their health care providers. (cdc.gov)
  • Health Heritage can import data directly from patients' medical records to populate family health history information, allows patients to share data with selected relatives, and assess risk for certain conditions based on current guidelines, providing personalized recommendations based on that risk. (cdc.gov)
  • He is currently developing universally useful and readily applied solutions to the challenge of health care data interoperability with Health Heritage, an automated Family Medical History application. (cdc.gov)
  • medical attention, has had a health history assessment conducted on them. (bartleby.com)
  • The purpose of this paper is to exemplify a conducted health history assessment on a patient represented by the initials L.H. (bartleby.com)
  • Health assessment is a major part of the health care system and it plays a crucial role in determining what is wrong with patients through knowledge and evidence based care. (bartleby.com)
  • Introduction Health assessment thus plays an important role to provide information about one's health. (bartleby.com)
  • Sue C.DeLaune and Patriciak .Ladner,2011) Almost every admitted patient the first time required the implementation of the health assessment to determine their health condition to enable healthcare plans and implementation what they need to do. (bartleby.com)
  • The knowledge and understanding of health assessments are essential to a nurse's role in promoting health, preventing illness, and caring for others. (bartleby.com)
  • Health assessments are conducted every day in nursing and other health profession. (bartleby.com)
  • The Sleep and Apnea Assessment Unit at the London Health Sciences Centre - Victoria Hospital (formerly South Street Hospital) began operation in September 1988 under the direction of Dr. C.F.P. George, MD FRCPC, staff Respirologist, Department of Medicine. (lhsc.on.ca)
  • Since US voters agreed a long time ago to ask the government to help to protect our health and safety by issuing regulations, we should at least demand that our regulators reevaluate those rules in the face of better science and history that proves their fundamental assumptions were so wrong that they have led to harmfully inaccurate regulations. (atomicinsights.com)
  • Background: Clinician's knowledge of a woman's cancer family history (CFH) and counseling about health-related behaviors (HRB) is necessary for appropriate breast cancer care. (harvard.edu)
  • Preventive health visits offer opportunities for clinicians to address family history, risk behaviors, and patients' worries about breast cancer. (harvard.edu)
  • Health History - Every hospitalized or long-term care patient should be assessed for impaired skin integrity and risk for impaired skin integrity. (coursehero.com)
  • The health history should identify factors that make the client at risk for injury, for delayed wound healing or for pressure ulcers. (coursehero.com)
  • Less than 4% of patient charts included family health histories that were informative enough to accurately assess risk for common complex diseases.Limitations: Limitations of this study include the small number of charts reviewed per provider, the fact that the sample consisted of primary care providers in a single geographic location, and the inability to assess ethnicity, consanguinity, and other indicators of the informativeness of family health history. (uncg.edu)
  • To amend title III of the Public Health Service Act to authorize and support the creation of cardiomyopathy education, awareness, and risk assessment materials and resources by the Secretary of Health and Human Services through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the dissemination of such materials and resources by State educational agencies to identify more at-risk families. (govtrack.us)
  • Pre- and postpandemic risk assessment and risk management are continuous but separate public health functions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Public Health Service had no such official policy and found risk assessment to be a challenging process that relied heavily on international sources for surveillance and the Influenza Commission for advice. (cdc.gov)
  • With the support of Congressman Adam Schiff , Councilman-elect Gil Cedillo , and a number of officials , the neighborhood received a commitment from Metrolink that it would conduct a Health Risk Assessment (HRA) of the Central Maintenance Facility located at 1555 N. San Fernando Road, on the east bank of the Los Angeles River. (kcet.org)
  • A health risk assessment is not a costly thing to do," said Representative Adam Schiff, "It will give us real data about what needs to be done and give residents peace of mind. (kcet.org)
  • The Refugee Health Assessment Program Guide for health care clinicians describes the components of the health assessment, and instructions for contracted providers in Massachusetts for completing the form. (mass.gov)
  • it is a masterful work of scientific history, tracing the evolution of underlying assumptions about dose response. (atomicinsights.com)
  • Peer review is meant to ensure that science is used credibly and appropriately in derivation of the dose-response assessments and toxicological characterization. (epa.gov)
  • Following a planning and scoping stage where the purpose and scope of a risk assessment is decided, the risk assessment process usually begins by collecting measurements that characterize the nature and extent of chemical contamination in the environment, as well as information needed to predict how the contaminants behave in the future. (epa.gov)
  • This takes two forms: (1) peer reviewers are encouraged, but not required, to provide their names (if they do so, then their profile page records the articles they have reviewed), and (2) authors are given the option of reproducing their entire peer review history alongside their published article (in which case the complete peer review process is provided, including revisions, rebuttal letters and editor decision letters). (peerj.com)
  • The DPhil in History is an advanced research degree, awarded on the basis of successful completion of an individual research thesis and an oral examination. (ox.ac.uk)
  • After successful completion of Year Zero in our Essex Pathways Department, you progress to complete your course with our School of Philosophy and Art History. (essex.ac.uk)
  • The Calvin Environmental Assessment Program (CEAP) encourages an ethic of service and caretaking by helping students pay attention to that which is closest at hand-the air, wildlife, wetlands, and human communities that surround them. (calvin.edu)
  • The Calvin Environmental Assessment Program (CEAP) at Calvin builds on this need to serve and show caretaking through the process of paying attention to that which is closest at hand. (calvin.edu)
  • Ultimately, the hope of the Calvin Environmental Assessment Program is that students and faculty will become better caretakers and citizens on this piece of the Creation and that they may in turn learn what it means to take care of the other places they encounter throughout their lifetimes. (calvin.edu)
  • The Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) is a method for purchasers (governments, institutions, consumers, etc.) to evaluate the effect of a product on the environment . (wikipedia.org)
  • The exam carries 67 per cent of assessment and the project element 33 per cent for this module. (york.ac.uk)
  • Your module choices span centuries and continents, giving you the chance to study history and literature from around the world, and from the Dark Ages to the contemporary era. (ncl.ac.uk)
  • This core module has been designed to equip you with the essential skills that are needed to read, research and write history during university. (ntu.ac.uk)
  • During the first section of this module you'll engage with some historical case studies ranging across medieval, early modern, modern contemporary and public history and develop a critical understanding of the often contested nature of historical evidence, how it's handled and its interpretation. (ntu.ac.uk)
  • As well as offering you a good basis on which to develop your studies in medieval and early modern history, the module will provide you with a useful background for studying modern society. (ntu.ac.uk)
  • Over the course of the module, you will be introduced to literary, material and visual evidence from Herodotus (484-425 BCE) to Procopius (500-560 CE), from buildings and monuments to art, coins and inscriptions, covering Greek, Roman and Byzantine history. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • In this module we set out to tell the seamless history of deep-time, from 2 Million years ago to the maritime foundations of the modern world. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Treatment in the primary care setting begins with evaluating the injury, taking an accurate history of the situation in which the injury occurred, and ascertaining how the face and nose appeared and functioned before the injury occurred. (aafp.org)
  • Well-documented changes in caries prevalence have been observed throughout history, most closely tied to availability and amount of refined sugar consumed. (karger.com)
  • 5. Use risk assessment to identify specific medically complex conditions and to appropriately adjust the proposed treatment plan for maximum patient safety. (drbicuspid.com)
  • The METs of the patient estimated by history and the METs quantified by the exercise cardiac stress test were compared using a Bland-Altman plot and Cohen's kappa. (hindawi.com)
  • The METs of a patient estimated by preoperative history often underestimates the METs measured by exercise stress testing. (hindawi.com)
  • Ongoing assessment should begin as soon as a patient is admitted to an OTP. (nih.gov)
  • At the inception of the cooperative assessment work, member countries agreed on a minimum set of information needed for assessing HPV chemicals, called the Screening Information Data Set, or SIDS. (oecd.org)
  • [ 5 , 6 ] The history should focus on the characteristic of the pain itself, as well as the presence of systemic or constitutional symptoms. (medscape.com)