Aspergillus ochraceus: An imperfect fungus that produces ochratoxins and contaminates EDIBLE GRAIN and coffee beans.Ochratoxins: Isocoumarins found in ASPERGILLUS OCHRACEUS and other FUNGI. Ochratoxin contaminated FOOD has been responsible for cases of FOODBORNE DISEASES.Aspergillus: A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.Mycotoxins: Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.Kloeckera: A mitosporic fungal genus used in the fermentation of wine. Teleomorphs are in the genus HANSENIASPORA.Penicillium: A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.Coumarins: Synthetic or naturally occurring substances related to coumarin, the delta-lactone of coumarinic acid.Aspergillus fumigatus: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.Aspergillus nidulans: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.Starfish: Echinoderms having bodies of usually five radially disposed arms coalescing at the center.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Aspergillus niger: An imperfect fungus causing smut or black mold of several fruits, vegetables, etc.Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Aspergillus flavus: A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Taq Polymerase: A heat stable DNA-DIRECTED DNA POLYMERASE from the bacteria Thermus aquaticus. It is widely used for the amplification of genes through the process of POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION. EC 2.7.7.-.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Alopecia: Absence of hair from areas where it is normally present.Prostatic Hyperplasia: Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.Minoxidil: A potent direct-acting peripheral vasodilator (VASODILATOR AGENTS) that reduces peripheral resistance and produces a fall in BLOOD PRESSURE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p371)Scalp: The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).Steroids: A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Aspergillosis: Infections with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary: Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.Aflatoxins: Furano-furano-benzopyrans that are produced by ASPERGILLUS from STERIGMATOCYSTIN. They are structurally related to COUMARINS and easily oxidized to an epoxide form to become ALKYLATING AGENTS. Members of the group include AFLATOXIN B1; aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin G1, aflatoxin G2; AFLATOXIN M1; and aflatoxin M2.Southeastern United States: The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.Aflatoxin B1: A potent hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic mycotoxin produced by the Aspergillus flavus group of fungi. It is also mutagenic, teratogenic, and causes immunosuppression in animals. It is found as a contaminant in peanuts, cottonseed meal, corn, and other grains. The mycotoxin requires epoxidation to aflatoxin B1 2,3-oxide for activation. Microsomal monooxygenases biotransform the toxin to the less toxic metabolites aflatoxin M1 and Q1.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Aflatoxin M1: A 4-hydroxylated metabolite of AFLATOXIN B1, one of the MYCOTOXINS from ASPERGILLUS tainted food. It is associated with LIVER damage and cancer resulting from its P450 activation to the epoxide which alkylates DNA. Toxicity depends on the balance of liver enzymes that activate it (CYTOCHROME P-450) and others that detoxify it (GLUTATHIONE S TRANSFERASE) (Pharmac Ther 50.443 1991). Primates & rat are sensitive while mouse and hamster are tolerant (Canc Res 29.236 1969).Silage: Fodder converted into succulent feed for livestock through processes of anaerobic fermentation (as in a silo).Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Rumen: The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Balkan Nephropathy: A form of chronic interstitial nephritis that is endemic to limited areas of BULGARIA, the former YUGOSLAVIA, and ROMANIA. It is characterized by a progressive shrinking of the KIDNEYS that is often associated with uroepithelial tumors.Aristolochia: A plant genus of the family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. Species of this genus have been used in traditional medicine but they contain aristolochic acid which is associated with nephropathy. These are sometimes called 'snakeroot' but that name is also used with a number of other plants such as POLYGALA; SANICULA; ASARUM; ARISTOLOCHIA; AGERATINA; and others.Aristolochic Acids: Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).BulgariaUrologic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the URINARY TRACT in either the male or the female.Balkan Peninsula: A peninsula in Southeast EUROPE between the Adriatic and Ionian seas on the West and Aegean and Black Seas on the East. (from www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/balkan%20peninsula)Pleurotus: A genus of basidiomycetous fungi, family POLYPORACEAE, order POLYPORALES, that grows on logs or tree stumps in shelflike layers. The species P. ostreatus, the oyster mushroom, is a choice edible species and is the most frequently encountered member of the genus in eastern North America. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, p531)Fruiting Bodies, Fungal: The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.Polyporaceae: A family of bracket fungi, order POLYPORALES, living in decaying plant matter and timber.Intra-Abdominal Hypertension: Pathological elevation of intra-abdominal pressure (>12 mm Hg). It may develop as a result of SEPSIS; PANCREATITIS; capillary leaks, burns, or surgery. When the pressure is higher than 20 mm Hg, often with end-organ dysfunction, it is referred to as abdominal compartment syndrome.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Medical Subject Headings: Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.

A new antibiotic CJ-17,665 from Aspergillus ochraceus. (1/15)

A new antibiotic, CJ-17,665 (I) was isolated from the fermentation broth of Aspergillus ochraceus, CL41582. It inhibits growth of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Enterococcus faecalis, with MICs of 12.5, 12.5 and 25 microg/ml, respectively. The structure contains a diketopiperazine and an indole N-oxide moiety that is unusual in natural products.  (+info)

Ochratoxin production by the Aspergillus ochraceus group and Aspergillus alliaceus. (2/15)

Ochratoxin A is a toxic and carcinogenic fungal secondary metabolite; its presence in foods is increasingly regulated. Various fungi are known to produce ochratoxins, but it is not known which species produce ochratoxins consistently and which species cause ochratoxin contamination of various crops. We isolated fungi in the Aspergillus ochraceus group (section Circumdati) and Aspergillus alliaceus from tree nut orchards, nuts, and figs in California. A total of 72 isolates were grown in potato dextrose broth and yeast extract-sucrose broth for 10 days at 30 degrees C and tested for production of ochratoxin A in vitro by high-pressure liquid chromatography. Among isolates from California figs, tree nuts, and orchards, A. ochraceus and Aspergillus melleus were the most common species. No field isolates of A. ochraceus or A. melleus produced ochratoxin A above the level of detection (0.01 microg/ml). All A. alliaceus isolates produced ochratoxin A, up to 30 microg/ml. We examined 50,000 figs for fungal infections and measured ochratoxin content in figs with visible fungal colonies. Pooled figs infected with A. alliaceus contained ochratoxin A, figs infected with the A. ochraceus group had little or none, and figs infected with Penicillium had none. These results suggest that the little-known species A. alliaceus is an important ochratoxin-producing fungus in California and that it may be responsible for the ochratoxin contamination occasionally observed in figs.  (+info)

Bilirubin dehydrogenase, an enzyme in Aspergillus ochraceus IB-3 useful for diagnostic measurement of bilirubin. (3/15)

Bilirubin dehydrogenase, a membrane-bound enzyme that catalyzes the one-step oxidation of ditaurobilirubin and bilirubin to ditaurobiliverdin and biliverdin, respectively, in the presence of an electron acceptor, was found in Aspergillus ochraceus IB-3, and purified from the membrane fraction through solubilization by Triton X-100. Phenazine and quinone derivatives acted as electron acceptors. Accumulation of ditaurobiliverdin and biliverdin by enzyme catalysis increased the absorbance at 660 nm, which is far from the range of wavelengths affected by serum ingredients. The enzyme selectively oxidized ditaurobilirubin at low pH, so changes in the reaction pH enable the enzyme to discriminate between the bilirubin fractions ditaurobilirubin (an example of conjugated bilirubin) and bilirubin (an example of unconjugated bilirubin). Using the enzyme, 2 to 80 microM of ditaurobilirubin were measured accurately by monitoring the changes in absorbance at 660 nm.  (+info)

A polyketide synthase gene required for ochratoxin A biosynthesis in Aspergillus ochraceus. (4/15)

Ochratoxin A is an important nephrotoxic and nephrocarcinogenic mycotoxin, produced by Aspergillus ochraceus as a polyketide-derived secondary metabolite. A portion of a putative polyketide synthase gene (pks) involved in the biosynthesis of this mycotoxin was cloned by using a suppression subtractive hybridization PCR-based approach. The predicted amino acid sequence of the 1.4 kb clone shared 28-35 % identity to acyl transferase regions from fungal polyketide synthases found in the databases. Based on reverse transcription PCR studies, the pks gene is expressed only under ochratoxin A permissive conditions and only during the early stages of the mycotoxin synthesis. A mutant in which the pks gene has been interrupted cannot synthesize ochratoxin A. This report is the first of the cloning and characterization of a gene involved in ochratoxin A biosynthesis.  (+info)

Variants of Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus (formerly Aspergillus ochraceus) with altered ochratoxin A production. (5/15)

The present studies, using Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus Berkeley et Curtis (formerly A. ochraceus Wilhelm) NRRL 3174 along with three other wild-type strains, were undertaken in an attempt to understand the effects of irradiation and other treatments on mycotoxin production in grain. Bedford barley was inoculated with spores of NRRL 3174, gamma irradiated, and incubated at 28 degrees C and 25% moisture. After 10 days of incubation, two colony types, ochre (parental) and yellow (variant), were isolated from the grain. Further culturing of the yellow variant resulted in the spontaneous appearance of a white variant that exhibited greatly enhanced fluorescence under UV light. In subsequent work, we have also isolated variants producing a soluble red pigment. In addition, in model experiments involving irradiation (1 kGy) of pure cultures, induction frequencies ranging between 2 and 4% (survival basis) were observed for the yellow and red variants. Inoculation of these variants into wheat and incubation for 14 days at 28 degrees C and 32% moisture resulted in ochratoxin A production in the relative amounts of 0.09:1:4.6:9.3 for the red, ochre (parental), yellow, and white variants, respectively. Additional characteristics of these isolates are described. Confirmation that the white high-ochratoxin-A-producing variants were derived from the parental strain was demonstrated by obtaining revertant sectors in monoclonal cultures of the variants.  (+info)

Role of the competitive microbial flora in the radiation-induced enhancement of ochratoxin production by Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus NRRL 3174. (6/15)

The radiation sensitivity and the toxigenic potential of conidiospores of the fungus Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus were determined after irradiation with 60Co gamma rays and high-energy electrons. Over the pH range of 3.6 to 8.8, the doses required for a 1 log10 reduction in viability based on the exponential portion of the survival curve ranged from 0.21 to 0.22 kGy, with extrapolation numbers (extrapolation of the exponential portion of the survival curve to zero dose) of 1.01 to 1.33, for electron irradiation, and from 0.24 to 0.27 kGy, with extrapolation numbers of 2.26 to 5.13, for gamma irradiation. Nonsterile barley that was inoculated with conidia of the fungus and then irradiated with either electrons or gamma rays and incubated for prolonged periods at 28 degrees C and at a moisture content of 25% produced less ochratoxin A with increasing doses of radiation. Inoculation of barley following irradiation resulted in enhanced ochratoxin levels compared with unirradiated controls. In these experiments, inoculation with 10(2) spores per g produced greater radiation-induced enhancement than inoculation with 10(5) spores per g. There was no radiation-induced enhancement when the barley was surface sterilized by chemical means prior to irradiation. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that a reduction in the competing microbial flora by irradiation is responsible for the enhanced mycotoxin production observed when nonsterile barley is inoculated with the toxigenic fungus A. alutaceus var. alutaceus after irradiation.  (+info)

Characterization of alcohol oxidase from Aspergillus ochraceus AIU 031. (7/15)

An alcohol oxidase (AOD) was found from Aspergillus ochraceus AIU 031, and its characteristics were revealed. This enzyme oxidized short-chain primary alcohols and ethylene glycol, and belonged to the same group as AOD from methylotrophic yeast. However, it differed in the following properties. The K(m) value for ethanol was larger and that for ethylene glycol was smaller than those of AODs derived from methylotrophic yeasts. The ethanol oxidation was optimal at pH 5-7 and 50-55 degrees C. The molecular mass of this enzyme was 262 kDa and consisted of four identical subunits of 68 kDa, which were much smaller than those of methylotrophic yeasts.  (+info)

Identification of the antimicrobial substances produced by Solanum palinacanthum (Solanaceae). (8/15)

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68. Artemisia leucophylla C. B. Clarke, Compos. Ind. 162. 1876. 白叶蒿 bai ye hao Artemisia vulgaris Linnaeus var. leucophylla Turczaninow ex Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 2: 586. 1845, nom. illeg. superfl.; A. leucophylla f. luxurians Pampanini; A. leucophylla f. minuta Pampanini; A. leucophylla var. pusilla Pampanini; A. leucophylla f. simplicifolia Pampanini; A. leucophylla f. tenuisecta (Regel) Pampanini; A. mongolica (Fischer ex Besser) Nakai var. krascheninnikovii Pampanini, p.p.; A. mongolica var. leucophylla (C. B. Clarke) W. Wang & H. T. Ho; A. obscura Pampanini var. rigida Pampanini; A. vulgaris var. kamtschatica Besser; A. vulgaris var. minor Ledebour; A. vulgaris var. tenuisecta Regel.. Herbs, perennial, 35-70 cm tall, arachnoid pubescent; rhizome creeping, with short branches from upper parts. Leaves abaxially densely gray arachnoid tomentose, adaxially sparsely arachnoid pubescent and gland-dotted. Lower and middle stem leaves: petiole 1-2 cm; lowermost leaf blades elliptic or ...
The DNA from the mycelium was extracted for PCR by the method of Lee et al (1998). Amplification was performed in total reaction volume of 25 ul, which contained IX PCR buffer (lOmM Tris-HCl, pH9.0, 50mM KC1, 1.5mM MgC12, 0.01% gelatin), 12.5 uM each of deoxynucleotide phosphate, 10 pmol of each primer, and one unit of Taq DNA Polymerase, lOng template DNA and sterile ultra filtered water. Template DNA was initially denatured at 95 °C for 5 minutes. Subsequently a total of 30 amplification cycles was carried out in a programmable thermocycler with an initial 8 cycles each with a denaturation for 30 sec at 94°C, primer annealing for 45 seconds at 70°C, extension for 75 seconds at 72°C followed by 22 cycles each with a ienaturation for 30 sec at 94°C, primer annealing for 45 seconds at 60°C, extension for 75 seconds at 72°C and final extension for 8 minutes at 72°C. PCR products were analyzed by standard procedure using agarose gel electrophoresis. Gel was stained with ethidium bromide ...
Two or three months ago when I had to visit Mérida several times with my visa problems -- I have an FM3 good until April now -- one day I was walking up the grand boulevard called Paseo de Montejo when I noticed pretty, orangish flowers planted in the green spaces between the two broad, one-way streets. The plants were fruiting so I filled a shirt pocket with some "seeds" -- technically indehiscent, one-seeded fruits called achenes. Back at the Hacienda I sowed them next to my hut, and now the plants are flowering, shown above.. This is the Yellow Cosmos, COSMOS SULPHUREUS, native from Mexico to Brazil but planted worldwide, even in the Temperate Zone, where sometimes it escapes from gardens.. Yellow Cosmos, which grows seven or more feet tall, is distinguished by its yellow-orange flowers and ferny, twice- or thrice-pinnately compound leaves. A further neat little fieldmark is that its pollen-producing anthers -- which are united by their edges to form a cylinder around the style (normal for ...
What is a sitemap? A sitemap is a file where you can list the web pages of your site to tell Google and other search engines about the organization of your site content. Search engine web crawlers li
Solid tumors are composed of heterogeneous cell populations that interact in complex networks. As is the case in developing organs, tumor cells interact with and in turn are regulated by these components in the microenvironment. Metastatic tumor cells also recreate complex cellular microenvironments at metastatic sites. More than 120 years ago, Paget proposed the "seed and soil" hypothesis of tumor metastasis (40). Reframed in a modern context, the "seeds" are the CSCs and the "soil" is the rich microenvironment, which is composed of diverse cell types that interact with tumor cells via cytokine networks. These networks regulate CSCs and their progeny, which form the tumor bulk. Elucidation of these pathways may provide new targets for therapeutic development. Examples of such pathways include the cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 and their receptors IL-6R and CXCR1. Blockade of these cytokine pathways reduced breast CSCs in preclinical models (33). Clinical trials using IL-6-blocking antibodies have been ...
Sarsaparillang-puti, Smilax leucophylla Blume - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies.
I pursue starfish related adventure around the world with a critical eye and an appreciation for weirdness. Support has been courtesy of the National Science Foundation but the views and opinions presented herein are mine and do not reflect the opinions of them or any affiliated institutions. Need to hire an invertebrate zoologist/marine biologist? Please contact me ...
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I had the good fortune of having many sarracenia seeds sprout (some oreophila, leucophylla and rubra). I dont have a growth chamber or a terrarium an
Nepeta Pink Cat is suitable for production in 1-gallon or smaller sized containers. Growers commonly use a single plug transplanted into small container sizes or when fall planting large container sizes. When spring planting fresh or vernalized plugs, I recommend growers transplant two plugs per 1-gallon container to help fill out the container prior to flowering. When transplanting, the growing medium should be even with the top of the plug.. Catmint performs best when grown in a moist, well drained medium with a slightly acidic pH: 5.8 to 6.4. Most commercially available peat- or bark-based growing mixes work well, provided there is adequate drainage. They require an average amount of irrigation; keep them moist, but not consistently wet. When irrigation is necessary, water them thoroughly then allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings.. They are light to moderate feeders. Nutrients can be delivered using water-soluble or controlled-release fertilizers. Growers using water-soluble ...
|p|Were not trolling you when we say youll look just like Nepeta (aresenicCatnip) in this blue beanie.|/p| |ul| |li|Acrylic|/li| |li|Imported|/li| |/ul|
This study investigated the potential for use of electronic noses (e-noses) for early rapid detection and differentiation of bread spoilage before visible signs of growth occur. After 24 h incubation at 25°C it was possible to distinguish Penicillium verrucosum, Aspergillus ochraceus, and Pichia anomala from 3 different species of filamentous fungi before visible growth was observed on unmodified wheat agar using a conducting polymer based e-nose (BH114). Discrimination of controls was possible after 48 h. The BH114 e-nose was able to differentiate between Pseudomonas fragi, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and P. verrucosum growing on 0.97 aw modified flour-based media after only 24 h. The BH114 e-nose was able to discriminate between P. fragi and S. cerevisiae growing in broth cultures and between different aw controls in exponential growth (13.5 h). Discrimination of Staphylococcus aureus growing in different aw broths and from uninoculated controls was achieved after 4.5 h. The BH114 e-nose was ...
Aceptado 11 de octubre 2008.. Resumen. El herbicida isoproturon (IPU) es un contaminante fuerte debido a su elevada solubilidad acuosa y bajo potencial para la degradación microbiana. El problema ambiental se debe a su amplio empleo en la agricultura convencional, áreas urbanas, algicida y aditivo de pinturas. Especies fúngicas degradaron el herbicida en cultivos in vitro, produciendo derivados hidroxilados frecuentes en areas agrícolas. Los objetivos planteados fueron aislar las especies fúngicas representativas de suelos tratados con IPU, evaluar su potencial transformador, e identificar los derivados. La mayoría de los aislamientos produjeron 1 OH IPU y 2 OH IPU, indicando que los hongos pueden ser la causa de estos compuestos en las muestras ambientales. De los 35 aislamientos, 10 de ellos fueron especies dominantes y activas degradadoras. Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium flocciferum, Talaromyces helicus, Acremonium strictum, Mucor hiemalis, Paecilomyces lilacinus y Penicillium ...
The top picture on the left shows a bipinnaria larva of the starfish Pisaster ochraceus. One interesting characteristic of this organism, and the starfish in general, is its ability to regenerate missing body parts both as a larva and as an adult. I read that bisected starfish larvae have been observed to regenerate to form complete larvae within 12-14 days (Vickery and McClintock, 1998). I wanted to see it myself, so on April 13, 2011 I surgically bisected several bipinnarias across the middle, separating the anterior from the posterior portion. The two bottom pictures show the divorced anterior and posterior portions of the bisected larva. I took these pictures within 5 minutes of the surgery. If you look closely you can already see that each fragment is closing the wound! Amazing ...
Boletus chippewaensis Smith & Thiers, sp. nov.. Pileus 12-16 cm latus, pulvinatus, glaber, subviscidus citrinus demum ferrugineo-maculatus vel vinaceo-fulvus, demum lateritius. Contextus albidus. Tubuli pallide lutei; pori lutei tactu subcaerulei. Stipes 6-10 cm longus, 2.5-3.5 cm crassus, pallide alutaceus, albo-reticulatus. Sporae 11-16 X 5-7;.. Specimen typicum in Herb. Univ. Mich. conservatum est; prope Sugar Island, July 31, 1965, legit Smith 71914.. Pileus 6-7 cm broad when young, expanding to 12-16 cm when mature, convex, pulvinate or broadly convex; surface glabrous, slightly viscid but soon dry, pale lemon-yellow splashed irregularly with ferruginous to vinaceous-tawny, finally brick-red overall or margin remaining pale yellow.. Context thick, firm, white, slowly becoming dingy tan beneath the cuticle after sectioning, odor and taste pleasant but hardly distinctive; olive-gray with FeSO4; with KOH no reaction.. Tubes pale greenish yellow ("primuline-yellow"), free or nearly so, in age ...
Using AIUââ?¬â?¢s survey responses from the AIU data set, complete the following requirements in the form of a report: TEST #1 Perform the following two-tailed hypothesis test, using a .05 significance level: ââ?¬¢.
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Background and objectives: Many Nepeta species have been commonly used in Iranian folk medicine as tranquilizer, relaxant, carminative and restorative tonic for nervous and respiratory disorders. Inflammation is a problem in many diseases and has an important role in brain function that can cause neurodegenerative disorders. Inflamed glial cells can exacerbate neurodegenerative diseases by producing neurotoxins. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of essential oil, aerial parts and hairy roots extracts of Nepeta pogonosperma Jamzad & Assadi have been evaluated on rat brain mixed cells. Methods: Inflamed mixed glial cells from rats brains were treated with different concentrations of essential oil and extracts from aerial parts and hairy roots of Nepeta pogonosperma to evaluate their anti-inflammatory effects. No level as the indicator for inflammation was measured. Results: The results revealed that 0.5 µL/mL of the essential oil reduced NO production significantly. In addition, some
both surfaces; bracts usually colored.................................................................. 2. 1. Leaves plane, minutely toothed or indented along margins; bracts not colored......... 3. 2. Flowers 13 15 mm long....... ............................................................. Salvia dorrii. Bracts and calyx with shaggy hairs....................................................... var. pilosa. Bracts and calyx without hairs, or hairs short........................................ var. dorrii. 2. Flowers 15 22 mm long.......................................................... Salvia pachyphylla. 3. Stems and leaves green................................................................. Salvia mellifera. 3. Stems and leaves densely white hairy.......................................... Salvia leucophylla. Salvia dorrii (Audibertia dorrii Kellogg 1863) Abrams 1951 var. dorrii. Blue sage. Aromatic densely branched shrub to 1 m high; twigs reddish, covered with white branched hairs; leaves ...
gallowsCalibrator [GC] began trolling ferryGuide [FG] at ?:?? - GC: H3LLO D34TH GC: H4S SH3 4RR1V3D Y3T FG: She has yet to show upon my sea FG: If she does Ill speak to thee FG: Until then just leave me be FG: I have more work on this dark eve GC: 1 W1SH YOU WOULD STOP TH4T STUP1D RHYM1NG GC: JUST M4K3 SUR3 SH3 SUFF3RS FG: I will tear her flesh from her bone FG: Her screams of pain will scare the Drone FG: Let her torture soon commence FG: Unless of course, she repents GC: Y34H L1K3 TH4T WOULD H4PP3N GC: GOODBY3 FG: Farewell - gallowsCalibrator [GC] ceased trolling ferryGuide [FG] at ?:?? - Death ceases typing on his Scythe Typewriter. That troll child began pestering him not long ago, and they began having intriguing conversations. He found himself pondering if colors, as she claimed, really did have flavors. It was a question he may soon get to answer. Death was recently informed by her the death of Vriska Serket, a troll who had it coming for some time. Death returns to the river styx. He ...
1 sample to test for the following water damage indicator molds:. Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus penicillioides, Aspergillus sclerotiorum, Aspergillus sydowii, Aspergillus unguis, Aspergillus versicolor, Aureobasidium pullulans, Chaetomium globosum, Cladosporium sphaerosperum, Eurotium (A) amstelodami, Paecilomyces variotii, Pencillium brevicompactum, Penicillium corylophilum, Penicillium crustosum, Penicillium spinulosum, Penicillium variabile, Stachybotrys chartarum.. ...
Leptospermum scoparium incanum High-NPA-Northland - Manuka seed from high MGO, DHA honey collection area Northland NZ - Leptospermum scoparium var. incanum is the dominant Northland variety that is linked to the unique antibacterial activity in Manuka honey.This seed is collected in Northland NZ from wild populations of naturally occurring Leptospermum scoparium var. incanum in an area were honey is harvested with high levels of MGO (Methylglyoxal), DHA (dihydroxyacetone)MGO (Methylglyoxal) Scientific research has now proven that the naturally occurring compound methylglyoxal is what gives Manuka honey its unique Antibacterial Activity. It is found in high quantities in only some New Zealand Manuka HoneyDHA (Dihydroxyacetone) A Naturally occurring compound that is found in high quantities in Manuka flower nectar and honey. A precursor for Methylglyoxal.The unique antibacterial activity in Manuka honey across the Northland region is among the highest and most consistent of any region of New Zealand.Shrub
The search for environmentally biocompatible and cost-effective methods to control filamentous fungi in agriculture is becoming increasingly urgent. In vitro antimicrobial activity of three synthetic peptides was investigated against some filamentous fungi with agricultural relevance. The peptides were an analog of Temporin called Temporizina, a fragment from Pleurocidin termed Plc-2, and a peptide identified from sesame seeds named Pses3. Antimicrobial activity of these peptides towards filamentous fungi has not been previously reported. Seven plant pathogenic or mycotoxigenic fungal species, isolated from plant tissues were assayed: Alternaria solani, Colletotrichum gloesporioides, Fulvia fulvum, Fusarium oxisporum, Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus and Penicillium digitatum. Values of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were determined and compared with the commercially available fungicide Captan as a positive control. The peptides showing greatest
Description from Flora of China. Calamintha albiflora Vaniot; Nepeta bodinieri Vaniot.. Plants perennial. Stems 40-150 cm, white pubescent. Petiole 0.7-3 cm, slender; leaf blade ovate to triangular-cordate, 2.5-7 × 2.1-4.7 cm, adaxially yellow-green, hirtellous, abaxially whitish pubescent especially on veins, base cordate to truncate, margin coarsely crenate to dentate, apex obtuse to acute. Cymes axillary basally, upper ones in loose or compact, interrupted terminal panicles; bracts and bracteoles subulate, minute. Calyx tubular, ca. 6 × 1.2 mm, white pubescent; teeth hirsute inside, subulate, 1.5-2 mm, posterior teeth longer, urceolate in fruit. Corolla white with purple spots on lower lip, white villous; throat pubescent inside, ca. 7.5 mm; tube slender, ca. 0.3 mm in diam., abruptly dilated into broad throat; upper lip ca. 2 × 3 mm, apex emarginate; middle lobe of lower lip subcircular, ca. 3 × 4 mm, cordate, margin coarsely dentate. Stamens included. Nutlets nearly triquetrous, ovoid, ...
53011-68-0 - JVDWOALSRIJPOP-KLLZUTDZSA-N - Ochratoxin TC - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Leptospermum erubescens Schauer Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
The Tea Tree is a small tree or large shrub, growing up to about 5m. It has exposed trunks and a flaky bark. The flaking barks will peel in strips, revealing smooth bark of grey and soft pink colours below. The leaves are narrow-lanceolate in shape and approximately 5cm in length. ...
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There is an urgent need for new, effective agents in topical wound care, and selected honeys show potential in this regard. Using a medical-grade honey, eight species of problematic wound pathogens,...
This antibody was developed using ochratoxin A (OA)-KLH conjugates, linked via its free carboxyl group. The antibody was affinity purified with an OA-agarose affinity column. The purified antibody was chemically conjugated to HRP. It could be utilized for direct competitive detection and quantization of the food-borne mycotoxin, ochratoxin A ...
Aerial parts of N. sintenisii yielded 0.3% of a clear yellowish oil. Forty constituents (96.5% of the total oil) were identified. The main components were 4aP,7a,7aP-nepetalactone (23.4%), elemol (16.1%), E- -farnesene (9.5%), 1,8-cineole (8.2%), cw-sabinene hydrate (6.5%), P-bisabolene (4.2%), germacrene-D (3.5%), P-sesquiphellandrene (2.8%), P-bourbonene (1.5%) and a-epi-cadinol (1.3%). According to available data, Nepeta species can be divided into two groups of nepetalactone-containing and nepetalactone-free species. The results of this study indicate that the compositions of volatile oil of N. sintenisii are similar to the other Nepeta genus and this plant could be classified in the group which 4aP,7a,7aP-nepetalactone is the major component of their oils. [c.232] ...
The Beacon Ochratoxin Plate Kit is a competitive ELISA for the quantitative analysis of ochratoxin in corn, corn meal, and other grains. ...
Ochratoxin alpha | C11H9ClO5 | CID 107911 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
Such a fortunate distribution - the many varieties of Leptospermum arent natives of the Old or "New" world, but live down here in Australia. They are each so beautiful, in the character of bark, twist of limbs, and delicacy of bud, bloom, and seedpods that theyd be poetised to cliché, and bred to crass conformity ...
[ Family Garden Ideas ] - Pittsburgh Zoo Amp Ppg Aquarium Hive Learning Network Pittsburgh,Licuala Grandis Of The Arecaceae Family,Australian Seed Leptospermum Scoparium Manuka
Catmint (Nepeta cataria), ook bekend als kattenkruid, is een bedwelmend middel voor katten (in feite de meeste katachtigen, zelfs leeuwen). Op de mens heeft het een mild ontspannen effect. Het is een bloeiende, vaste plant, afkomstig uit Azië en Europa die zelfs op arme grond groeit. Het is een een veelvoorkomende toevoeging aan tabaksloze rookmixen.
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Thursday Plantation Walkabout Insect Repellent with 100% pure Australian Tea Tree Oil. Thursday Plantation Walkabout Insect Repellent contains Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Oil), Lemon scented Tea Tree Oil (Leptospermum Petersonii Leaf Oil) and Citronellal blended into a soothing, cooling base for protection against biting insects and flies. Size: 50mL Scent: Lemon Non-Comedogenic?: Yes KEY FEATURES • soothing • cooling base for protection against biting insects and flies • Roll on format..
dehydration. Phenylalanine injection is effective to treat OTA acute poisoning.. How to prevent Ochratoxin A from animals? Prevention is more important than treatment. There are some tips on prevention and control of Ochratoxin A. Ochratoxin A act steadily to heat, so it is not ideal to remove toxicity through heating. According to the report, adds some cholestyramine into the feeds and irradiates it with γ-rays and ultraviolet, which can promote remove toxicity. In addition, OTA and OTB can hydrolyze to phenylalanine and OA with less toxicity under the catalysis of carboxypeptidase A and chymotrypsin. Hydrolysis rate of OTB is six to seven times that of OTA and rumen microbes have a strong reactivity. According to the experiment, adds Carboxypeptidase into fluids with OTA, after few days, the OTA decrease a lot. So It can be an effective way to remove OTA.. ...
Honey produced as a food often is not well filtered, and may contain various particles in it. Also, although honey does not allow vegetative bacteria to survive, it does contain viable spores, including clostridia. Honey that has been treated by gamma-irradiation is available commercially; this processing kills clostridial spores [86], [87] without loss of any of the antibacterial activity [86]. Various brands of honey with standardised antibacterial activity, processed as a medical product and sterilised by gamma-irradiation are available commercially. New Zealand manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) honey is sold with the activity of its phytochemical antibacterial component rated on a UMF scale, with the UMF number being the equivalent concentration of phenol with the same antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (i.e. UMF 15 = 15% phenol). Australian Leptospermum honey, Medihoney, is a listed product with the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia and has a standardised ...
Catnip Seeds: Also known as catmint, is a favorite of felines for their intoxicating leaves and also attracts bees when grown in your garden. This is known as a medicinal, beverage and magical herb. Use magically for love, beauty, happiness & more.
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by strains of Aspergillus. It is a known contaminant of various foodstuffs like olives, beans, beer, wine, cocoa, etc
A high prevalence of vertebral deformities has been observed in various fishes, especially cyprinids, from certain regions of the Willamette River for many years. One proposed source of these deformities is exposure to toxicants. Histological evaluation of affected chiselmouth Acrocheilus alutaceus revealed that all lesions associated with vertebrae were associated with metacercariae of digenean trematodes. Approximately half of the northern pikeminnow Ptychocheilus oregonensis had infections in which metacercariae were associated with these lesions. Metacercariae were also associated with vertebral lesions in three of four affected peamouth Mylocheilus caurinus. Many metacercariae that were present within the vertebral bodies were associated with bony dysplasia and bony proliferation in all three species. We also evaluated the association of the metacercariae with the vertebral deformities, using intact fish that had been cleared with trypsin. Fish from the affected regions had a much higher ...
Background: Nepeta pogonosperma Jamzad & Assadi (Labiatae) is one of the endemic Nepeta species in Iran (Alamut region). Flavonoids, iridoids, phenols and dierpenes have previously been reported in some Nepeta species. Genus of Nepeta have essential oil and antioxidant, antimicrobial, insecticidal, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive and anxiolytic activities and also used in ...
List of fungus species in the genus Aspergillus. The Aspergillus genus includes several hundred fungus species, including: Contents A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Aspergillus acidusAspergillus aculeatinusAspergillus aculeatus Aspergillus aeneusAspergillus affinisAspergillus alabamensisAspergillus alliaceus Aspergillus amazonicusAspergillus ambiguusAspergillus amoenusAspergillus amstelodamiAspergillus amyloliquefaciensAspergillus amylovorusAspergillus anomalusAspergillus anthodesmisAspergillus apicalisAspergillus appendiculatusAspergillus arachidicolaAspergillus arenariusAspergillus arviiAspergillus asperescensAspergillus assulatusAspergillus astellatusAspergillus aurantiobrunneusAspergillus aureofulgensAspergillus aureolatusAspergillus aureoterreusAspergillus aureusAspergillus auricomusAspergillus australensisAspergillus austroafricanusAspergillus avenaceusAspergillus awamori Top A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Aspergillus baarnensisAspergillus ...
We have all seen a cat in the throes of a catnip high. Rolling around, salivating, vocalizing, these are just some of the ways in which cats respond to contact with this drug-like substance. It is strange to think that a plant could elicit such strong reactions from our feline companions. What is is about this plant that causes cats to go crazy?. Lets back up for a second. To start with, catnip is the dried, crushed leaves of mints in the genus Nepeta. Commonly referred to as catmints, these plants are native to parts of Europe and Asia, though they have been introduced throughout the globe and tend to favor waste places and fields. The main source of catnip comes from Nepeta cataria. Though not a showy plant, it certainly has gained traction throughout the gardening world.. Nepeta cataria is often used as a companion plant by those growing vegetables. It is used to deter insect pests like aphids and squash bugs. Because of this, it is often used as a natural mosquito repellent as well, though ...
Cyclohexanone oxime (CHOX), an intermediate used in the synthesis of Polycaprolactam/Nylon, was found to be rapidly absorbed and cleared from the body within 24 hours after a single oral administration of 1, 10 and 30 mg/kg of [14C]-CHOX to the adult male Fischer rats. The majority of the CHOX derived radioactivity (65-90% of the dose) was excreted in the urine. Elimination in the feces accounted for 5-10% of the dose and very low levels of radioactivity (2-3%) were retained in the tissues 24 hours after exposure. After iv administration of 1 mg/kg of [14C]-CHOX, the oxime was rapidly cleared from plasma with half-lives of 1.6 (alpha phase) and 18.2 min (beta phase). However, when CHOX was applied dermally (30 mg/kg), only about 4-5% of the dose was recovered in urine, feces and the tissues. The majority of the dose volatilized from the skin surface. However, the absorbed oxime was readily distributed and excreted, and its metabolic fate was no different than observed after oral administrations. ...
Schwerdt, G.; Freudinger, R.; Silbernagl, S.; Gekle, M., 1999: P53 expression in human proximal tubule-derived cells due to exposition to the nephrotoxin ochratoxin A
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... is steam distilled from the leaf of Leptospermum petersonii bushes. Lemon Tea Tree i. Lemon Tea Tree Essential Oil wholesale.
Vegetarian sundews: Few people know, that carnivorous plants like also vegetarian diet, as long as it is rich in protein like flower pollen. To show this, we fed fresh stamens of a Sarracenia leucophylla with adhering pollen to four different Drosera species (photos). D. capensis and D. ultramafica rolled in the leaf as intensive as with animal prey. D. capensis x aliciae moved at least the surrounding tentacles to the protein pack and the tentacles of D. schizandra, which does not show any leaf movement even with mosquitoes, clearly dock on the pollen portion, enjoying the meal ...
This is something from the Myrtaceae family (Eucalypts, myrtles etc.) - it looks like a Kunzea with the foliage gone wrong! I strongly suspect this is the tip of a spray of Hypocalymma Robustum (Swan River Myrtle). Did the flowers/buds appear evenly all the way along each spray?. ...
The book World Checklist of Myrtaceae, Rafael Govaerts, Marcos Sobral, Peter Ashton, and Fred Barrie is published by Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Comparison of Clean-Up Methods for Ochratoxin A on Wine, Beer, Roasted Coffee and Chili Commercialized in Italy. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Scientists involved in the massive five-year study are calling on beekeepers from across Australia to continue providing honey samples from bees visiting leptospermum plants, and they have launched a website to provide regular updates ...
See attached data file. Prepare a report using Excel as your processing tool to process 3 simple regression analyses. Create a graph with the trendline displayed for each of the 3 different regressions. First run a regression.
Krogh P, Axelsen NH, Elling F, Gyrd-Hansen N, Hald B, Hyldgaard-Jensen J, Larsen AE, Madsen A, Mortensen HP, Moller T, Petersen OK, Ravnskov U, Rostgaard M, Aalund O. Experimental porcine nephropathy. Changes of renal function and structure induced by ochratoxin A- contaminated feed. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand Suppl. 1974;0(Suppl 246):1- ...
... a phenolic compound produced by Aspergillus ochraceus. 4-Hydroxymellein is also produced by Aspergillus ochraceus. 6- ... Moore, J. H.; Davis, N. D.; Diener, U. L. (1972). "Mellein and 4-hydroxymellein production by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilhelm". ...
... A and B are antitumor alkaloids isolated from the fungus Aspergillus ochraceus that belong to a class of naturally ... "A new antibiotic CJ-17,665 from Aspergillus ochraceus". The Journal of Antibiotics. 54 (11): 911-916. doi:10.7164/antibiotics. ... was identified in culture media from various strains of Aspergillus and is reported to exhibit antimicrobial activity against ...
It was isolated, along with related compounds, from the fungus Aspergillus ochraceus. Circumdatin C, and circumdatin F are ... from Aspergillus ochraceus". The Journal of Antibiotics. 58 (6): 416-419. doi:10.1038/ja.2005.54. Bose, D.; Chary, M. (2009). " ...
V. 11-alpha-hydroxylation of progesterone by cell-free preparations of Aspergillus ochraceus". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 202 (1 ...
Applegate, K. L.; Chipley, J. R. (March 31, 1976). "Production of ochratoxin A by Aspergillus ochraceus NRRL-3174 before and ...
Aspergillus ochraceus, Cladosporium fulvum, Cladosporium herbarum and Penicillium gladioli". Journal of the Science of Food and ... Singh, J.; Sood, M. G. (1972). "Influence of nitrogen source on the synthesis of fat from sucrose by Aspergillus terreus, ...
The honeycombs that bee moth larvae feed on is shown to contain a fungus called Aspergillus ochraceus which is known to produce ... ochraceus fungus in the intestines of bee moth larvae which suggests that the sex pheromone of mellein is biosynthesized by a ...
Aspergillus flavus (yellow-green spores), Aspergillus ochraceus (yellow), Aureobasidium pullulans (black), Candida albicans ( ...
... aspergillus nidulans MeSH B05.381.081.450 --- aspergillus niger MeSH B05.381.081.480 --- aspergillus ochraceus MeSH B05.381. ... aspergillus MeSH B05.381.081.170 --- aspergillus flavus MeSH B05.381.081.295 --- aspergillus fumigatus MeSH B05.381.081.420 ... 081.500 --- aspergillus oryzae MeSH B05.381.125 --- blastomyces MeSH B05.381.128 --- botrytis MeSH B05.381.147 --- candida MeSH ...
... for instance ochratoxins of Aspergillus ochraceus), and dehydration. In laying hens, abnormal and reduced egg production are ...
... s are a group of mycotoxins produced by some Aspergillus species (mainly A. ochraceus, but also by 33% of A. niger ...
Capnocytophaga ochracea • Corynebacterium xerosis • Enterobacter cloacae • Escherichia coli • Haemophilus influenzae • ... Aspergillus niger • Colletotrichum musae • Colletotrichum gloeosporioide • Botryodiplodia theobromae • Fusarium monoliforme • ...
... ochraceus. Early reports of white-spored aspergilli in the eighteenth and nineteenth century variously named these based on ... Aspergillus candidus is a member of the genus Aspergillus in the family Trichocomaceae, phylum Ascomycota. A number of ... Aspergillus candidus is a white-spored species of Aspergillus (family Trichocomaceae, order Eurotiales, phylum Ascomycota). ... Aspergillus candidus has been associated with a variety of diseases such as hypersensitivity diseases, and infectious diseases ...
... var. microspora isolated by Traboschi in 1908, and Aspergillus Ochraceus- petali- formis isolated by ... has been found to be caused due to the antigenic effects of Aspergillus ochraceus. Aspergillus ochraceus was found to be ... Aspergillus ochraceus is a mold species in the genus Aspergillus known to produce the toxin ochratoxin A, one of the most ... The genus Aspergillus was first described in 1729 by Pier Antonio Micheli. Under this genus the species Aspergillus ochraceus ...
Aspergillus occultusAspergillus ochraceopetaliformisAspergillus ochraceoroseusAspergillus ochraceoruberAspergillus ochraceus ... Aspergillus xerophilus Top A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Aspergillus yezoensis Top A B C D E F G H I J K ... Aspergillus caatingaensisAspergillus caelatusAspergillus caesiellus Aspergillus caespitosus Aspergillus calidoustusAspergillus ... List of fungus species in the genus Aspergillus. The Aspergillus genus includes several hundred fungus species, including: ...
Ochratoxin production by the Aspergillus ochraceus group and Aspergillus alliaceus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:2326-2329. ... Aspergillus carbonarius, Aspergillus glaucus, Aspergillus melleus, and Aspergillus niger.[25][26][27] Because Aspergillus niger ... Ochratoxin: Ochratoxin A was discovered as a metabolite of Aspergillus ochraceus in 1965 during a large screen of fungal ... Ochratoxin A, a toxic metabolite produced by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilh. Nature 205:1112-1113 ...
Aspergillus glaucus. Aspergillus lentulus. Aspergillus nidulans. Aspergillus niger. Aspergillus ochraceus. Aspergillus oryzae. ... Aspergillus restrictus. Aspergillus sojae. Aspergillus sydowii. Aspergillus tamari. Aspergillus terreus. Aspergillus ustus. ... Aspergillus alliaceus. Aspergillus caesiellus. Aspergillus caespitosus. Aspergillus candidus. Aspergillus carneus. Aspergillus ... Aspergillus deflectus. Aspergillus egyptiacus. Aspergillus fischerianus. Aspergillus flavus. Aspergillus foetidus. Aspergillus ...
Ochratoxin production by the Aspergillus ochraceus group and Aspergillus alliaceus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:2326-2329. ... Aspergillus carbonarius, Aspergillus glaucus, Aspergillus melleus, and Aspergillus niger. Because Aspergillus niger is used ... Ochratoxin: Ochratoxin A was discovered as a metabolite of Aspergillus ochraceus in 1965 during a large screen of fungal ... Ochratoxin A, a toxic metabolite produced by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilh. Nature 205:1112-1113 Shotwell, L. L., C. W. Hesseltine ...
Aspergillus ochraceus var. microspora isolated by Traboschi in 1908, and Aspergillus Ochraceus- petali- formis isolated by ... has been found to be caused due to the antigenic effects of Aspergillus ochraceus. Aspergillus ochraceus was found to be ... Aspergillus ochraceus is a mold species in the genus Aspergillus known to produce the toxin ochratoxin A, one of the most ... The genus Aspergillus was first described in 1729 by Pier Antonio Micheli. Under this genus the species Aspergillus ochraceus ...
Aspergillus ochraceus synonyms, Aspergillus ochraceus pronunciation, Aspergillus ochraceus translation, English dictionary ... definition of Aspergillus ochraceus. n. pl. as·per·gil·li Any of various fungi of the genus Aspergillus, which includes many ... aspergillus. (redirected from Aspergillus ochraceus). Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.. Related to Aspergillus ... Xylanase activity from Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus ochraceus using mixture of corn cobs and wheat bran increased (18) % ...
A comparative sequence analysis of the OTA-producing Aspergillus ochraceus fc-1 strain and other Aspergillus species was ... A comparative sequence analysis of the OTA-producing Aspergillus ochraceus fc-1 strain and other Aspergillus species was ... Functional Characterization of New Polyketide Synthase Genes Involved in Ochratoxin A Biosynthesis in Aspergillus Ochraceus fc- ... "Functional Characterization of New Polyketide Synthase Genes Involved in Ochratoxin A Biosynthesis in Aspergillus Ochraceus fc- ...
Dynamics and control of ochratoxigenic strains of Penicillium verrucosum and Aspergillus ochraceus in the stored grain ... A. ochraceus grew at 0.80-0.995 aw on wheat grain however OTA production occurred between 0.85-0.995 aw. Optimum OTA production ... Interestingly at sub-optimal aw there was a stimulation in OTA production by A. ochraceus at 15-25 oC on wheat grain. ... Growth occurred over a wider aw range than OTA production for P. verrucosum and A. ochraceus respectively regardless of the ...
Type C feruloyl esterase from Aspergillus ochraceus: A butanol specific biocatalyst for the synthesis of hydroxycinnamates in a ... Type C feruloyl esterase from Aspergillus ochraceus: A butanol specific biocatalyst for the synthesis of hydroxycinnamates in a ...
Purification and characterization of an invertase produced by Aspergillus ochraceus TS.. Authors: Ghosh, K. Dhar, A. Samanta, T ... Purification and characterization of an extracellular invertase produced by Aspergillus ochraceus TS are reported. The enzyme ... Purification and characterization of an invertase produced by Aspergillus ochraceus TS. Indian Journal of Biochemistry & ...
Aspergillus ochraceus (NCBI:txid40380) Found in mycelium (BTO:0001436). MeOH(mycelia) & EtOAc(broth) extract of an endophytic ...
From Aspergillus ochraceus + toxin. Noun[edit]. Wikipedia has an article on: ochratoxin ... toxicology) Any of a class of mycotoxins, having an isocoumarin structure, produced by some fungi of the genus Aspergillus and ...
... carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus in vitro. In order to dissect the mechanism of OTA detoxification, each of these two ... All of the yeast strains tested displayed an ability to inhibit the growth of Aspergillus carbonarius both in vivo and in vitro ... Aspergillus ochraceus polyketide synthase; grape; Ochratoxin A; biological control; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Aspergillus ... Wine Strain Inhibits Growth and Decreases Ochratoxin A Biosynthesis by Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus. ...
Aspergillus glaucus, Aspergillus nidulans, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus terreus, Aspergillus unguis, ... Aspergillus ochraceus CFR 221, 3-Aspergillus ochraceus MTCC 1877, 4-Aspergillus melleus CFR 226, 5-Aspergillus sulphureus CFR ... 2-Aspergillus ochraceus MTCC 1877, 3-Aspergillus melleus CFR 226, 4-Aspergillus sulphureus CFR 230, 5-Aspergillus sclerotiorum ... OT2R primer in maize inoculated with Aspergillus ochraceus spores.Fig.3. Amplification of Aspergillus ochraceus with OT1 and ...
Transformation of xanthohumol by Aspergillus ochraceus.. Tronina T, Bartmańska A, Popłoński J, Huszcza E. ...
Occurrence of fungi and cytotoxicity of the species: Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus isolated ... Results: For 48 samples the analyzed fungi displayed the cytotoxic effect with A. ochraceus in 26 out of 28 cases, with 11 ... ochraceus, 22 strains of A. niger and 11 strains of A. flavus species. Selected fungi underwent a cytotoxicity evaluation with ... and almost 1/3 of it was made up of the species of the Aspergillus genus. Sixty-one strains of species other than A. fumigatus ...
Aspergillus ochraceus 11 alpha hydroxylase and oxidoreductase. US20040076673 *. 7 Nov 2001. 22 Apr 2004. Nicola Bateman. Oral ... Aspergillus ochraceus 11 alpha hydroxylase and oxidoreductase. US7635598. 8 Jul 2005. 22 Dec 2009. Biosearch Technologies, Inc. ... Aspergillus ochraceus 11 alpha hydroxylase and oxidoreductase. US20060194218 *. 8 Jul 2005. 31 Aug 2006. Biosearch Technologies ... Aspergillus ochraceus 11 alpha hydroxylase and oxidoreductase. US7238507. 28 Jul 2004. 3 Jul 2007. Pharmacia Corporation. ...
Production of ochratoxin A by Aspergillus ochraceus Ellen Mühlencoert, Ines Mayer, Michael W. Zapf, Rudi F. Vogel, Ludwig ...
Aspergillus fumigatus Basics Laboratory Metabolites Adverse health reactions Specific settings Diagnostic Bibliography Basics A ... GJ13 - Aspergillus glaucus. *GJ14 - Aspergillus nidulans. *GJ15 - Aspergillus niger. *GJ16 - Aspergillus ochraceus ... Aspergillus. There are over 200 named species of Aspergillus {3318}.The taxonomic fungal database administrated by the ... Aspergillus fumigatus is however the most important species in Aspergillus genus causing health problems. This species has been ...
The Aspergillus ochraceus group: two new species from western soils and a synoptic key. Mycologia 74:210-225. doi:10.2307/ ... Circumdatin G, a new alkaloid from the fungus Aspergillus ochraceus. J Nat Prod 64:125-126. doi:10.1021/np000381u. ... Chronic monolateral otomycosis in a dog caused by Aspergillus ochraceus. Vet Dermatol 21:522-526. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3164.2010. ... Bioproduction of ochratoxin A and penicillic acid by members of the Aspergillus ochraceus group. Can J Microbiol 18:631-636. ...
Aspergillus toxigenic strains. m.c.a. Aflatoxinsb (μg·kg−1). Lipid stability (mg·kg−1)c. Brazil nuts sensory attributes (scores ... Their main genera and species were Acremonium sp; A. ochraceus; Cladosporium sp.; P. corylophilum Rhizopus sp. followed by A ... The aflatoxigenic Aspergillus species that have been isolated from Brazil nuts are A. flavus, A. parasiticus, and A. nomius [4- ... the presence of Aspergillus species was checked utilizing the Aspergillus flavus and parasiticus agar (Fluka, St. Gallen, ...
Ochratoxin A, Aspergillus ochraceus. O-1034. Options. 1 mg $68.64. 5 mg $252.76. ...
Rabbit ANTI ASPERGILLUS OCHRACEUS OCHRATOXIN A Antibody (OASA06990) Protein Name: Catalog #:OASA06990 ... Search results for Aspergillus oryzae. A partial match was found for aspergillus oryzae Please try browsing our store to find ... Aspergillus fumigatus IgG ELISA Kit (Human) (OKNA00103) Protein Name:Aspergillus fumigatus IgG ... Aspergillus fumigatus IgM ELISA Kit (Human) (OKNA00104) Protein Name:Aspergillus fumigatus IgM ...
Aspergillus fumigatus. Emericella (A.) nidulans. Aspergillus niger. Aspergillus ochraceus. Aspergillus parasiticus. Aspergillus ... Aspergillus restrictus. Aspergillus sclerotiorum. Aspergillus sydowii. Aspergillus terreus. Aspergillus unguis. Aspergillus ... Aspergillus versicolor. Aureobasidium pullulans. Chaetomium globosum. Cladosporium cladosporioides v1. Cladosporium ...
... a phenolic compound produced by Aspergillus ochraceus. 4-Hydroxymellein is also produced by Aspergillus ochraceus. 6- ... Moore, J. H.; Davis, N. D.; Diener, U. L. (1972). "Mellein and 4-hydroxymellein production by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilhelm". ...
A novel metabolite from aspergillus ochraceus JGI 25 showing cytotoxicity to hela cells.. Varalakshmi K Nadumane, Prerana ...
Ochratoxin mycotoxins may be produced by Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium viridicatum. Similar to aflatoxin, ochratoxin ... Aspergillus, Penicillium, Claviceps, and Fusarium fungi have been identified as producing the mycotoxins most detrimental to ...
UPLC-MS-IT-TOF Identification of Circumdatins Produced by Aspergillus ochraceus.. González-Jartı N JM, Alfonso A, Sainz MJ, ...
Among the fungi identified, Sagenomella sclerotialis was present in the highest proportion (37%). Aspergillus ochraceus and ... Aspergillus ochraceus; bioaerosol; organic dust; poultry; pyrosequencing ...
  • The conidia (2-5 µm in diameter) may be spherical to elongate and form chains which may radiate (e.g., in Aspergillus versicolor ) or form themselves into compact columns (e.g. (emlab.com)
  • Aspergillus, Penicillium, Claviceps, and Fusarium fungi have been identified as producing the mycotoxins most detrimental to swine. (umn.edu)
  • Mycotoxins frequently found in corn and corn products infected with Fusarium moniliforme , F. proliferatum , and Aspergillus ochraceus . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium flocciferum, Talaromyces helicus, Acremonium strictum, Mucor hiemalis, Paecilomyces lilacinus y Penicillium frequentans transformaron el herbicida produciendo cantidades significativas de diversos derivados. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium flocciferum, Talaromyces helicus, Acremonium strictum, Mucor hiemalis, Paecilomyces lilacinus and Penicillium frequentans uptook the herbicide and produced significant amounts of diverse derivatives. (scielo.org.mx)
  • In coffee, Aspergillus ochraceus is an important toxin source dependent on the management of fruits and coffee beans after harvest and storage. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The toxin was isolated from cultures of Aspergillus ochraceus and purified by thin-layer chromatography. (sciencemag.org)
  • Major OTA producing fungus in northern Europe is Penicillium verrucosum, and more important in warmer climatic zone is Aspergillus ochraceus . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bioassay-guided fractionation of a coral-associated fungus Aspergillus ochraceus LZDX-32-15 resulted in the isolation of eleven notoamide-type alkaloids, including four new congeners, namely notoamides W-Z ( 1-4 ). (rsc.org)
  • Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. (healthmatics.info)
  • Aspergillus ochraceus, a widely distributed filamentous fungus, was isolated and identified by cytology and culture as the cause of unilateral ceruminous purulent otitis in a 4-year-old male mixed-breed dog. (usda.gov)
  • The present invention relates to a process for the detection of Aspergillus ochraceus by biotechnological approach. (allindianpatents.com)
  • Yeast extract was also reported as the best nitrogen source for Candida utilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Aspergillus ochraceus . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Moreover, A. ochraceus , A. sclerotiorum , and A. westerdijkiae have been repetitively isolated from clinical specimens of immunocompromised patients, although in such cases their pathogenic role is uncertain ( 18 - 22 ). (asm.org)
  • The azoles, especially itraconazole, appear to have good activity against A. ochraceus and A. sclerotiorum ( 18 , 23 ). (asm.org)
  • The three types of mold used in the study were Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus unguis and Penicillium variabile. (bellaonline.com)
  • These forms of mold - Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus unguis and Penicillium variabile - are typically found growing in water-damaged homes, putting a spotlight on the importance of mold remediation for public health. (myria.com)
  • The UC-based team used the environmental relative moldiness index (ERMI), a DNA-based mold level analysis tool, to determine that exposure to Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus unguis and Penicillium variabile was linked to asthma development in the high-risk study population. (myria.com)
  • Aspergillus ochraceus group of fungi is widely distributed in dried foods like beans, dried fruits, nuts including peanuts, betal nuts, wide range of cereals including barley, wheat flour and rice (Pitt and Hocking, 1985: Varga et al, 1996). (allindianpatents.com)
  • Especies fúngicas degradaron el herbicida en cultivos in vitro, produciendo derivados hidroxilados frecuentes en areas agrícolas. (scielo.org.mx)
  • The ecological roots of Aspergillus ochraceus lay in the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of our study was to evaluate parameters influencing the germination of Aspergillus conidia. (asm.org)
  • Germination of conidia is the most crucial step in the development of Aspergillus , as hyphae represent the invasive form ( 4 , 8 ). (asm.org)
  • Our objective was to establish the ideal inoculum size and to clarify the impact of age of conidia and exposure to Tween 80 (a surface-acting agent that is needed for inoculum preparation) on the germination rate of Aspergillus spp. (asm.org)
  • For the inoculum study, Aspergillus conidia were suspended, in triplicate, in RPMI 1640 medium (Sigma) at a final concentration of 1.4 × 10 5 to 2 × 10 6 conidia · ml −1 . (asm.org)
  • For the temperature study, Aspergillus conidia (5 × 10 5 conidia · ml −1 ) were suspended in RPMI 1640 medium. (asm.org)
  • For the pH study, Aspergillus conidia (5 × 10 5 conidia · ml −1 ) were suspended in RPMI 1640 medium at pH values of 3.5 and 4.5 by using acetic acid (AA), hydrochloric acid (HA), and lactic acid (LA). Controls were prepared in plain RPMI 1640 medium (pH 7.5). (asm.org)
  • For example, Aspergillus alutaceus isolated by Berkeley in 1875, Sterigmatocystis helva isolated by Bainier in 1881, Aspergillus ochraceus var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aspergillus is one of the most important genera in the spoilage of foods and animal feeds, particularly in warm-temperate climates and the tropics. (asmscience.org)
  • The genus Eurotium is an ascomycete genus characterized by the formation of bright yellow cleistothecia, often enmeshed in yellow, orange, or red hyphae, overlayed by the gray-green (glaucous) Aspergillus heads of the anamorphic state. (asmscience.org)
  • In 2001, the Aspergillus Trust charity was formed to raise awarness for these diseases and support patients who are suffering from Aspergillus -related illnesses. (kenyon.edu)