An imperfect fungus that produces ochratoxins and contaminates EDIBLE GRAIN and coffee beans.
Isocoumarins found in ASPERGILLUS OCHRACEUS and other FUNGI. Ochratoxin contaminated FOOD has been responsible for cases of FOODBORNE DISEASES.
A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.
A mitosporic fungal genus used in the fermentation of wine. Teleomorphs are in the genus HANSENIASPORA.
A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
Synthetic or naturally occurring substances related to coumarin, the delta-lactone of coumarinic acid.
A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.
A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.
Echinoderms having bodies of usually five radially disposed arms coalescing at the center.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
An imperfect fungus causing smut or black mold of several fruits, vegetables, etc.
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
A heat stable DNA-DIRECTED DNA POLYMERASE from the bacteria Thermus aquaticus. It is widely used for the amplification of genes through the process of POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION. EC 2.7.7.-.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Absence of hair from areas where it is normally present.
Increase in constituent cells in the PROSTATE, leading to enlargement of the organ (hypertrophy) and adverse impact on the lower urinary tract function. This can be caused by increased rate of cell proliferation, reduced rate of cell death, or both.
A potent direct-acting peripheral vasodilator (VASODILATOR AGENTS) that reduces peripheral resistance and produces a fall in BLOOD PRESSURE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p371)
The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).
A group of polycyclic compounds closely related biochemically to TERPENES. They include cholesterol, numerous hormones, precursors of certain vitamins, bile acids, alcohols (STEROLS), and certain natural drugs and poisons. Steroids have a common nucleus, a fused, reduced 17-carbon atom ring system, cyclopentanoperhydrophenanthrene. Most steroids also have two methyl groups and an aliphatic side-chain attached to the nucleus. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
Infections with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS.
Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.
Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.
Furano-furano-benzopyrans that are produced by ASPERGILLUS from STERIGMATOCYSTIN. They are structurally related to COUMARINS and easily oxidized to an epoxide form to become ALKYLATING AGENTS. Members of the group include AFLATOXIN B1; aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin G1, aflatoxin G2; AFLATOXIN M1; and aflatoxin M2.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
A potent hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic mycotoxin produced by the Aspergillus flavus group of fungi. It is also mutagenic, teratogenic, and causes immunosuppression in animals. It is found as a contaminant in peanuts, cottonseed meal, corn, and other grains. The mycotoxin requires epoxidation to aflatoxin B1 2,3-oxide for activation. Microsomal monooxygenases biotransform the toxin to the less toxic metabolites aflatoxin M1 and Q1.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
A 4-hydroxylated metabolite of AFLATOXIN B1, one of the MYCOTOXINS from ASPERGILLUS tainted food. It is associated with LIVER damage and cancer resulting from its P450 activation to the epoxide which alkylates DNA. Toxicity depends on the balance of liver enzymes that activate it (CYTOCHROME P-450) and others that detoxify it (GLUTATHIONE S TRANSFERASE) (Pharmac Ther 50.443 1991). Primates & rat are sensitive while mouse and hamster are tolerant (Canc Res 29.236 1969).

A new antibiotic CJ-17,665 from Aspergillus ochraceus. (1/15)

A new antibiotic, CJ-17,665 (I) was isolated from the fermentation broth of Aspergillus ochraceus, CL41582. It inhibits growth of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Enterococcus faecalis, with MICs of 12.5, 12.5 and 25 microg/ml, respectively. The structure contains a diketopiperazine and an indole N-oxide moiety that is unusual in natural products.  (+info)

Ochratoxin production by the Aspergillus ochraceus group and Aspergillus alliaceus. (2/15)

Ochratoxin A is a toxic and carcinogenic fungal secondary metabolite; its presence in foods is increasingly regulated. Various fungi are known to produce ochratoxins, but it is not known which species produce ochratoxins consistently and which species cause ochratoxin contamination of various crops. We isolated fungi in the Aspergillus ochraceus group (section Circumdati) and Aspergillus alliaceus from tree nut orchards, nuts, and figs in California. A total of 72 isolates were grown in potato dextrose broth and yeast extract-sucrose broth for 10 days at 30 degrees C and tested for production of ochratoxin A in vitro by high-pressure liquid chromatography. Among isolates from California figs, tree nuts, and orchards, A. ochraceus and Aspergillus melleus were the most common species. No field isolates of A. ochraceus or A. melleus produced ochratoxin A above the level of detection (0.01 microg/ml). All A. alliaceus isolates produced ochratoxin A, up to 30 microg/ml. We examined 50,000 figs for fungal infections and measured ochratoxin content in figs with visible fungal colonies. Pooled figs infected with A. alliaceus contained ochratoxin A, figs infected with the A. ochraceus group had little or none, and figs infected with Penicillium had none. These results suggest that the little-known species A. alliaceus is an important ochratoxin-producing fungus in California and that it may be responsible for the ochratoxin contamination occasionally observed in figs.  (+info)

Bilirubin dehydrogenase, an enzyme in Aspergillus ochraceus IB-3 useful for diagnostic measurement of bilirubin. (3/15)

Bilirubin dehydrogenase, a membrane-bound enzyme that catalyzes the one-step oxidation of ditaurobilirubin and bilirubin to ditaurobiliverdin and biliverdin, respectively, in the presence of an electron acceptor, was found in Aspergillus ochraceus IB-3, and purified from the membrane fraction through solubilization by Triton X-100. Phenazine and quinone derivatives acted as electron acceptors. Accumulation of ditaurobiliverdin and biliverdin by enzyme catalysis increased the absorbance at 660 nm, which is far from the range of wavelengths affected by serum ingredients. The enzyme selectively oxidized ditaurobilirubin at low pH, so changes in the reaction pH enable the enzyme to discriminate between the bilirubin fractions ditaurobilirubin (an example of conjugated bilirubin) and bilirubin (an example of unconjugated bilirubin). Using the enzyme, 2 to 80 microM of ditaurobilirubin were measured accurately by monitoring the changes in absorbance at 660 nm.  (+info)

A polyketide synthase gene required for ochratoxin A biosynthesis in Aspergillus ochraceus. (4/15)

Ochratoxin A is an important nephrotoxic and nephrocarcinogenic mycotoxin, produced by Aspergillus ochraceus as a polyketide-derived secondary metabolite. A portion of a putative polyketide synthase gene (pks) involved in the biosynthesis of this mycotoxin was cloned by using a suppression subtractive hybridization PCR-based approach. The predicted amino acid sequence of the 1.4 kb clone shared 28-35 % identity to acyl transferase regions from fungal polyketide synthases found in the databases. Based on reverse transcription PCR studies, the pks gene is expressed only under ochratoxin A permissive conditions and only during the early stages of the mycotoxin synthesis. A mutant in which the pks gene has been interrupted cannot synthesize ochratoxin A. This report is the first of the cloning and characterization of a gene involved in ochratoxin A biosynthesis.  (+info)

Variants of Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus (formerly Aspergillus ochraceus) with altered ochratoxin A production. (5/15)

The present studies, using Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus Berkeley et Curtis (formerly A. ochraceus Wilhelm) NRRL 3174 along with three other wild-type strains, were undertaken in an attempt to understand the effects of irradiation and other treatments on mycotoxin production in grain. Bedford barley was inoculated with spores of NRRL 3174, gamma irradiated, and incubated at 28 degrees C and 25% moisture. After 10 days of incubation, two colony types, ochre (parental) and yellow (variant), were isolated from the grain. Further culturing of the yellow variant resulted in the spontaneous appearance of a white variant that exhibited greatly enhanced fluorescence under UV light. In subsequent work, we have also isolated variants producing a soluble red pigment. In addition, in model experiments involving irradiation (1 kGy) of pure cultures, induction frequencies ranging between 2 and 4% (survival basis) were observed for the yellow and red variants. Inoculation of these variants into wheat and incubation for 14 days at 28 degrees C and 32% moisture resulted in ochratoxin A production in the relative amounts of 0.09:1:4.6:9.3 for the red, ochre (parental), yellow, and white variants, respectively. Additional characteristics of these isolates are described. Confirmation that the white high-ochratoxin-A-producing variants were derived from the parental strain was demonstrated by obtaining revertant sectors in monoclonal cultures of the variants.  (+info)

Role of the competitive microbial flora in the radiation-induced enhancement of ochratoxin production by Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus NRRL 3174. (6/15)

The radiation sensitivity and the toxigenic potential of conidiospores of the fungus Aspergillus alutaceus var. alutaceus were determined after irradiation with 60Co gamma rays and high-energy electrons. Over the pH range of 3.6 to 8.8, the doses required for a 1 log10 reduction in viability based on the exponential portion of the survival curve ranged from 0.21 to 0.22 kGy, with extrapolation numbers (extrapolation of the exponential portion of the survival curve to zero dose) of 1.01 to 1.33, for electron irradiation, and from 0.24 to 0.27 kGy, with extrapolation numbers of 2.26 to 5.13, for gamma irradiation. Nonsterile barley that was inoculated with conidia of the fungus and then irradiated with either electrons or gamma rays and incubated for prolonged periods at 28 degrees C and at a moisture content of 25% produced less ochratoxin A with increasing doses of radiation. Inoculation of barley following irradiation resulted in enhanced ochratoxin levels compared with unirradiated controls. In these experiments, inoculation with 10(2) spores per g produced greater radiation-induced enhancement than inoculation with 10(5) spores per g. There was no radiation-induced enhancement when the barley was surface sterilized by chemical means prior to irradiation. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that a reduction in the competing microbial flora by irradiation is responsible for the enhanced mycotoxin production observed when nonsterile barley is inoculated with the toxigenic fungus A. alutaceus var. alutaceus after irradiation.  (+info)

Characterization of alcohol oxidase from Aspergillus ochraceus AIU 031. (7/15)

An alcohol oxidase (AOD) was found from Aspergillus ochraceus AIU 031, and its characteristics were revealed. This enzyme oxidized short-chain primary alcohols and ethylene glycol, and belonged to the same group as AOD from methylotrophic yeast. However, it differed in the following properties. The K(m) value for ethanol was larger and that for ethylene glycol was smaller than those of AODs derived from methylotrophic yeasts. The ethanol oxidation was optimal at pH 5-7 and 50-55 degrees C. The molecular mass of this enzyme was 262 kDa and consisted of four identical subunits of 68 kDa, which were much smaller than those of methylotrophic yeasts.  (+info)

Identification of the antimicrobial substances produced by Solanum palinacanthum (Solanaceae). (8/15)


68. Artemisia leucophylla C. B. Clarke, Compos. Ind. 162. 1876. 白叶蒿 bai ye hao Artemisia vulgaris Linnaeus var. leucophylla Turczaninow ex Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 2: 586. 1845, nom. illeg. superfl.; A. leucophylla f. luxurians Pampanini; A. leucophylla f. minuta Pampanini; A. leucophylla var. pusilla Pampanini; A. leucophylla f. simplicifolia Pampanini; A. leucophylla f. tenuisecta (Regel) Pampanini; A. mongolica (Fischer ex Besser) Nakai var. krascheninnikovii Pampanini, p.p.; A. mongolica var. leucophylla (C. B. Clarke) W. Wang & H. T. Ho; A. obscura Pampanini var. rigida Pampanini; A. vulgaris var. kamtschatica Besser; A. vulgaris var. minor Ledebour; A. vulgaris var. tenuisecta Regel.. Herbs, perennial, 35-70 cm tall, arachnoid pubescent; rhizome creeping, with short branches from upper parts. Leaves abaxially densely gray arachnoid tomentose, adaxially sparsely arachnoid pubescent and gland-dotted. Lower and middle stem leaves: petiole 1-2 cm; lowermost leaf blades elliptic or ...
The DNA from the mycelium was extracted for PCR by the method of Lee et al (1998). Amplification was performed in total reaction volume of 25 ul, which contained IX PCR buffer (lOmM Tris-HCl, pH9.0, 50mM KC1, 1.5mM MgC12, 0.01% gelatin), 12.5 uM each of deoxynucleotide phosphate, 10 pmol of each primer, and one unit of Taq DNA Polymerase, lOng template DNA and sterile ultra filtered water. Template DNA was initially denatured at 95 °C for 5 minutes. Subsequently a total of 30 amplification cycles was carried out in a programmable thermocycler with an initial 8 cycles each with a denaturation for 30 sec at 94°C, primer annealing for 45 seconds at 70°C, extension for 75 seconds at 72°C followed by 22 cycles each with a ienaturation for 30 sec at 94°C, primer annealing for 45 seconds at 60°C, extension for 75 seconds at 72°C and final extension for 8 minutes at 72°C. PCR products were analyzed by standard procedure using agarose gel electrophoresis. Gel was stained with ethidium bromide ...
In traditional raisin production process in Turkey, one of the major raisin producers in the world, grapes undergo an alkali treatment prior to drying. This procedure involves dipping grapes in a potassium carbonate solution for 10-15 seconds to remove the wax layer on the surface to accelerate the drying process. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of alkali treatment on ochratoxin A (OTA), an important risk factor for grapes and grape-derived products. First, the stability of the OTA was examined under variable pH (4-12), ion type (Na+, K+), ionic strength (0.1-10%) and temperature (4-60 degrees C). Then, Aspergillus ochraceus contaminated grapes were treated with an alkaline solution and a subsequent OTA analysis was performed through a high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection. OTA started to decompose at pH values exceeding 10.0. The degradation followed a first order kinetics. Although both sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate solutions were at the ...
1. Basilico MZ, Basilico JC. Inhibitory effects of some spice essential oils on Aspergillus ochraceus NRRL 3174 growth and ochratoxin A production. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 1999;29(4):238-241. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2672.1999.00621.x.. 2. Escobedo G, Lopez-Ortiz E, Torres-Castro I. Gut microbiota as a key player in triggering obesity, systemic inflammation and insulin resistance. Revista de investigacion clinica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutricion. 2014;66:450-459.. 3. Hair M, Sharpe J. Fast Facts About The Human Microbiome. Fast Facts About The Human Microbiome. 2014.. 4. Jialal I, Rajamani U. Endotoxemia of Metabolic Syndrome: A Pivotal Mediator of Meta-Inflammation. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders. 2014;12(9):454-456. doi:10.1089/met.2014.1504.. 5. Pakdaman MN, Udani JK, Molina JP, Shahani M. The effects of the DDS-1 strain of lactobacillus on symptomatic relief for lactose intolerance - a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover clinical trial. ...
Two or three months ago when I had to visit Mérida several times with my visa problems -- I have an FM3 good until April now -- one day I was walking up the grand boulevard called Paseo de Montejo when I noticed pretty, orangish flowers planted in the green spaces between the two broad, one-way streets. The plants were fruiting so I filled a shirt pocket with some seeds -- technically indehiscent, one-seeded fruits called achenes. Back at the Hacienda I sowed them next to my hut, and now the plants are flowering, shown above.. This is the Yellow Cosmos, COSMOS SULPHUREUS, native from Mexico to Brazil but planted worldwide, even in the Temperate Zone, where sometimes it escapes from gardens.. Yellow Cosmos, which grows seven or more feet tall, is distinguished by its yellow-orange flowers and ferny, twice- or thrice-pinnately compound leaves. A further neat little fieldmark is that its pollen-producing anthers -- which are united by their edges to form a cylinder around the style (normal for ...
Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-11; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10. Moderately compressed body, deepest in front of dorsal fin; strong tapering to narrow caudal peduncle; large, forked caudal fin; wide head; subterminal mouth; hard plate on lower jaw; large eye; dorsal-fin origin over pelvic-fin origin; rounded, protruding snout; decurved, complete lateral line with 85-93 scales; long intestine (at least twice length of body) ; black peritoneum; dorsal fin with 10-11 rays; anal fin with 9-10 rays; pharyngeal teeth 0,4-4,0 to 0,5-5,0; gray above, brassy silver side; yellow to brown fins; large individuals with gray dorsal and caudal fins, orange at pectoral and pelvic-fin bases (Ref. 86798). Tail large and flaring. Lower jaw bears a sharp edge, nearly square when viewed from beneath. Sharp part of lip consist of cornified epithelium which is sometimes slightly calcified. Internal to the fleshy upper lip is a small, hard plate upon which the lower lip bears. Young fish have a more rounded lower lip, when ...
What is a sitemap? A sitemap is a file where you can list the web pages of your site to tell Google and other search engines about the organization of your site content. Search engine web crawlers li
Solid tumors are composed of heterogeneous cell populations that interact in complex networks. As is the case in developing organs, tumor cells interact with and in turn are regulated by these components in the microenvironment. Metastatic tumor cells also recreate complex cellular microenvironments at metastatic sites. More than 120 years ago, Paget proposed the seed and soil hypothesis of tumor metastasis (40). Reframed in a modern context, the seeds are the CSCs and the soil is the rich microenvironment, which is composed of diverse cell types that interact with tumor cells via cytokine networks. These networks regulate CSCs and their progeny, which form the tumor bulk. Elucidation of these pathways may provide new targets for therapeutic development. Examples of such pathways include the cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 and their receptors IL-6R and CXCR1. Blockade of these cytokine pathways reduced breast CSCs in preclinical models (33). Clinical trials using IL-6-blocking antibodies have been ...
A recent outbreak of sea star wasting syndrome (SSWS) along the U.S. West coast has decimated populations of many intertidal and subtidal sea star species. If populations are unable to recover quickly, SSWS is likely to cause significant changes to rocky intertidal and subtidal community structure and functioning in the Northeast Pacific ocean. Recovery will likely depend in large part on the success of larval recruitment, but the impacts of SSWS on larvae are unknown. We raised embryos and early stage P. ochraceus larvae in treatments of sea water that varied in filtration exposure to potential pathogens of SSWS. We assessed treatment impacts on larval survival development and larval size. We found a significant effect of water treatment and filtration level on two measures of larval survival. Further studies are needed to better understand the direction and magnitude of these and other effects of SSWS on larval fitness ...
The composition of leaf cuticular neutral lipids of Amphoricarpos autariatus ssp. autariatus collected at canyon of river Tara (North Montenegro) was investigated by GC/MS (nonpolar fraction), LC-ESI TOF MS and 1H NMR spectroscopy (more polar fraction). The nonpolar fraction (ca. 15% of the whole surface extract) contained C27 - 33 n-alkanes, those with odd-number of carbons predominating. The LC-ESI MS and 1H NMR of the more polar fraction revealed 13 sesquiterpene lactones, constituting ca. 97.5% of the lactone mixture, identified as the known guaianolides, so-called amphoricarpolides, found previously in the aerial parts of the genus. The lactone fraction exhibited considerable in vitro effect against eight fungi, i.e. Aspergillus ochraceus, A. niger, A. versicolor, Penicillium funiculosum, P. ochrochloron, Trichoderma viride, Fusarium verticillioides and Fulvia fulvum ...
Sarsaparillang-puti, Smilax leucophylla Blume - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies.
I pursue starfish related adventure around the world with a critical eye and an appreciation for weirdness. Support has been courtesy of the National Science Foundation but the views and opinions presented herein are mine and do not reflect the opinions of them or any affiliated institutions. Need to hire an invertebrate zoologist/marine biologist? Please contact me ...
uuid: 2e32b20e-fcfb-4ec3-807d-09b3ed0132d7, type: records, etag: d9a32b4c34d1bcb1fcebc39171a5525c17111fa6, data: { dwc:startDayOfYear: 266, dwc:specificEpithet: ochraceus, dwc:county: Bonner County, dwc:recordedBy: Duane H. \Sam\ Mitchel; Mary Wells, dwc:georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2016-02-25; GeoLocate, dwc:order: Boletales, dcterms:references:, dwc:scientificNameAuthorship: (Kauffman) O.K. Mill., dwc:georeferenceRemarks: Georeferenced to center of Priest Lake with uncertainty radius encompassing entire lake and lake shoreline., dwc:occurrenceID: c421ed41-74b5-4a29-824a-699bf96526be, id: 12786, dwc:stateProvince: Idaho, dwc:eventDate: 1966-09-23, dwc:collectionID: 881dbacb-effd-4a6a-b4f4-45da2579e689, dwc:institutionCode: DBG, dwc:country: USA, idigbio:recordId: urn:uuid:c421ed41-74b5-4a29-824a-699bf96526be, dwc:collectionCode: ...
I had the good fortune of having many sarracenia seeds sprout (some oreophila, leucophylla and rubra). I dont have a growth chamber or a terrarium an
By definition, the main appeal of carnivorous plants lay in their ability to reverse the standard arrangement of who eats whom. Sadly, while serious enthusiasts can appreciate the fluting grace of a Sarracenia leucophylla trap or the dropping allure of its blossoms, all most people care about is that the plant catches and digests insects…
Nepeta Pink Cat is suitable for production in 1-gallon or smaller sized containers. Growers commonly use a single plug transplanted into small container sizes or when fall planting large container sizes. When spring planting fresh or vernalized plugs, I recommend growers transplant two plugs per 1-gallon container to help fill out the container prior to flowering. When transplanting, the growing medium should be even with the top of the plug.. Catmint performs best when grown in a moist, well drained medium with a slightly acidic pH: 5.8 to 6.4. Most commercially available peat- or bark-based growing mixes work well, provided there is adequate drainage. They require an average amount of irrigation; keep them moist, but not consistently wet. When irrigation is necessary, water them thoroughly then allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings.. They are light to moderate feeders. Nutrients can be delivered using water-soluble or controlled-release fertilizers. Growers using water-soluble ...
|p|Were not trolling you when we say youll look just like Nepeta (aresenicCatnip) in this blue beanie.|/p| |ul| |li|Acrylic|/li| |li|Imported|/li| |/ul|
This study investigated the potential for use of electronic noses (e-noses) for early rapid detection and differentiation of bread spoilage before visible signs of growth occur. After 24 h incubation at 25°C it was possible to distinguish Penicillium verrucosum, Aspergillus ochraceus, and Pichia anomala from 3 different species of filamentous fungi before visible growth was observed on unmodified wheat agar using a conducting polymer based e-nose (BH114). Discrimination of controls was possible after 48 h. The BH114 e-nose was able to differentiate between Pseudomonas fragi, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and P. verrucosum growing on 0.97 aw modified flour-based media after only 24 h. The BH114 e-nose was able to discriminate between P. fragi and S. cerevisiae growing in broth cultures and between different aw controls in exponential growth (13.5 h). Discrimination of Staphylococcus aureus growing in different aw broths and from uninoculated controls was achieved after 4.5 h. The BH114 e-nose was ...
Aceptado 11 de octubre 2008.. Resumen. El herbicida isoproturon (IPU) es un contaminante fuerte debido a su elevada solubilidad acuosa y bajo potencial para la degradación microbiana. El problema ambiental se debe a su amplio empleo en la agricultura convencional, áreas urbanas, algicida y aditivo de pinturas. Especies fúngicas degradaron el herbicida en cultivos in vitro, produciendo derivados hidroxilados frecuentes en areas agrícolas. Los objetivos planteados fueron aislar las especies fúngicas representativas de suelos tratados con IPU, evaluar su potencial transformador, e identificar los derivados. La mayoría de los aislamientos produjeron 1 OH IPU y 2 OH IPU, indicando que los hongos pueden ser la causa de estos compuestos en las muestras ambientales. De los 35 aislamientos, 10 de ellos fueron especies dominantes y activas degradadoras. Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium flocciferum, Talaromyces helicus, Acremonium strictum, Mucor hiemalis, Paecilomyces lilacinus y Penicillium ...
Plants Flowering in July - Page 27 - Burncoose Nurseries - plants by mail order direct to you Plants available to buy on this page include the following: LAVATERA , LAVATERA Barnsley, LAVATERA Burgundy Wine, LAVATERA Rosea, LEPTOSPERMUM , LEPTOSPERMUM grandiflorum, LEPTOSPERMUM Karo Pearl Star, LEPTOSPERMUM Karo Spectro Bay, LEPTOSPERMUM rotundifolia, LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Appleblossom ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Blossom ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Burgundy Queen ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Coral Candy ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Jubilee ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Martini ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium nanum Kea,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium nanum Kiwi,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Nichollsii ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Pink Cascade ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Red Damask ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Snow Flurry ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Winter Cheer ,LEPTOSPERMUM scoparium Wiri Linda ,LEPTOSPERMUM Silver Sheen, LEUCANTHEMUM x superbum Aglaia ,LEUCANTHEMUM x superbum Banana Cream ,LEUCANTHEMUM x superbum Freak!
The fungi Aspergillus niger and A. welwitschiae are morphologically indistinguishable species used for industrial fermentation and for food and beverage production. The fungi also occur widely on food crops. Concerns about their safety have arisen with the discovery that some isolates of both species produce fumonisin (FB) and ochratoxin A (OTA) mycotoxins. Here, we examined FB and OTA production as well as the presence of genes responsible for synthesis of the mycotoxins in a collection of 92 A. niger/A. welwitschiae isolates from multiple crop and geographic origins. The results indicate that (i) isolates of both species differed in ability to produce the mycotoxins; (ii) FB-nonproducing isolates of A. niger had an intact fumonisin biosynthetic gene (rum) cluster; (iii) FB-nonproducing isolates of A. welwitschiae exhibited multiple patterns of fum gene deletion; and (iv) OTA-nonproducing isolates of both species lacked the ochratoxin A biosynthetic gene (ota) cluster. Analysis of genome sequence data
Best Carnivorous Plants Store - The ultimate offer of seeds, plants, hibernacula and turions (winter buds) of carnivorous plants for sale at a good rate in the plant and seed bank
The top picture on the left shows a bipinnaria larva of the starfish Pisaster ochraceus. One interesting characteristic of this organism, and the starfish in general, is its ability to regenerate missing body parts both as a larva and as an adult. I read that bisected starfish larvae have been observed to regenerate to form complete larvae within 12-14 days (Vickery and McClintock, 1998). I wanted to see it myself, so on April 13, 2011 I surgically bisected several bipinnarias across the middle, separating the anterior from the posterior portion. The two bottom pictures show the divorced anterior and posterior portions of the bisected larva. I took these pictures within 5 minutes of the surgery. If you look closely you can already see that each fragment is closing the wound! Amazing ...
Boletus chippewaensis Smith & Thiers, sp. nov.. Pileus 12-16 cm latus, pulvinatus, glaber, subviscidus citrinus demum ferrugineo-maculatus vel vinaceo-fulvus, demum lateritius. Contextus albidus. Tubuli pallide lutei; pori lutei tactu subcaerulei. Stipes 6-10 cm longus, 2.5-3.5 cm crassus, pallide alutaceus, albo-reticulatus. Sporae 11-16 X 5-7;.. Specimen typicum in Herb. Univ. Mich. conservatum est; prope Sugar Island, July 31, 1965, legit Smith 71914.. Pileus 6-7 cm broad when young, expanding to 12-16 cm when mature, convex, pulvinate or broadly convex; surface glabrous, slightly viscid but soon dry, pale lemon-yellow splashed irregularly with ferruginous to vinaceous-tawny, finally brick-red overall or margin remaining pale yellow.. Context thick, firm, white, slowly becoming dingy tan beneath the cuticle after sectioning, odor and taste pleasant but hardly distinctive; olive-gray with FeSO4; with KOH no reaction.. Tubes pale greenish yellow (primuline-yellow), free or nearly so, in age ...
The objective of the present work was to develop an alternative propagation procedure with in vitro germination and axillary shoot propagation for Nepeta nuda subsp. albiflora (Boiss.) Gams (Lamiaceae) has potential importance as medicinal plant
Using AIUââ?¬â?¢s survey responses from the AIU data set, complete the following requirements in the form of a report: TEST #1 Perform the following two-tailed hypothesis test, using a .05 significance level: ââ?¬¢.
Winners soccer picks sections. Our daily soccer pick is on chin japan asia singap hongk engl ital spain espa world euro Astra CFR Cluj It is very simple to win with soccer picks (also called soccer tips) based on asian handicap. Buy our pick via PayPal after that login into our system and view our pick. Our pick is based on sure insider information and match coefficients (odds) are betwin 1.60 - 2.40. So you can double your stake. This is very easy way to win money with our asian handicap tips. Good luck.
Background and objectives: Many Nepeta species have been commonly used in Iranian folk medicine as tranquilizer, relaxant, carminative and restorative tonic for nervous and respiratory disorders. Inflammation is a problem in many diseases and has an important role in brain function that can cause neurodegenerative disorders. Inflamed glial cells can exacerbate neurodegenerative diseases by producing neurotoxins. In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of essential oil, aerial parts and hairy roots extracts of Nepeta pogonosperma Jamzad & Assadi have been evaluated on rat brain mixed cells. Methods: Inflamed mixed glial cells from rats brains were treated with different concentrations of essential oil and extracts from aerial parts and hairy roots of Nepeta pogonosperma to evaluate their anti-inflammatory effects. No level as the indicator for inflammation was measured. Results: The results revealed that 0.5 µL/mL of the essential oil reduced NO production significantly. In addition, some
both surfaces; bracts usually colored.................................................................. 2. 1. Leaves plane, minutely toothed or indented along margins; bracts not colored......... 3. 2. Flowers 13 15 mm long....... ............................................................. Salvia dorrii. Bracts and calyx with shaggy hairs....................................................... var. pilosa. Bracts and calyx without hairs, or hairs short........................................ var. dorrii. 2. Flowers 15 22 mm long.......................................................... Salvia pachyphylla. 3. Stems and leaves green................................................................. Salvia mellifera. 3. Stems and leaves densely white hairy.......................................... Salvia leucophylla. Salvia dorrii (Audibertia dorrii Kellogg 1863) Abrams 1951 var. dorrii. Blue sage. Aromatic densely branched shrub to 1 m high; twigs reddish, covered with white branched hairs; leaves ...
gallowsCalibrator [GC] began trolling ferryGuide [FG] at ?:?? - GC: H3LLO D34TH GC: H4S SH3 4RR1V3D Y3T FG: She has yet to show upon my sea FG: If she does Ill speak to thee FG: Until then just leave me be FG: I have more work on this dark eve GC: 1 W1SH YOU WOULD STOP TH4T STUP1D RHYM1NG GC: JUST M4K3 SUR3 SH3 SUFF3RS FG: I will tear her flesh from her bone FG: Her screams of pain will scare the Drone FG: Let her torture soon commence FG: Unless of course, she repents GC: Y34H L1K3 TH4T WOULD H4PP3N GC: GOODBY3 FG: Farewell - gallowsCalibrator [GC] ceased trolling ferryGuide [FG] at ?:?? - Death ceases typing on his Scythe Typewriter. That troll child began pestering him not long ago, and they began having intriguing conversations. He found himself pondering if colors, as she claimed, really did have flavors. It was a question he may soon get to answer. Death was recently informed by her the death of Vriska Serket, a troll who had it coming for some time. Death returns to the river styx. He ...
1 sample to test for the following water damage indicator molds:. Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus penicillioides, Aspergillus sclerotiorum, Aspergillus sydowii, Aspergillus unguis, Aspergillus versicolor, Aureobasidium pullulans, Chaetomium globosum, Cladosporium sphaerosperum, Eurotium (A) amstelodami, Paecilomyces variotii, Pencillium brevicompactum, Penicillium corylophilum, Penicillium crustosum, Penicillium spinulosum, Penicillium variabile, Stachybotrys chartarum.. ...
Leptospermum scoparium incanum High-NPA-Northland - Manuka seed from high MGO, DHA honey collection area Northland NZ - Leptospermum scoparium var. incanum is the dominant Northland variety that is linked to the unique antibacterial activity in Manuka honey.This seed is collected in Northland NZ from wild populations of naturally occurring Leptospermum scoparium var. incanum in an area were honey is harvested with high levels of MGO (Methylglyoxal), DHA (dihydroxyacetone)MGO (Methylglyoxal) Scientific research has now proven that the naturally occurring compound methylglyoxal is what gives Manuka honey its unique Antibacterial Activity. It is found in high quantities in only some New Zealand Manuka HoneyDHA (Dihydroxyacetone) A Naturally occurring compound that is found in high quantities in Manuka flower nectar and honey. A precursor for Methylglyoxal.The unique antibacterial activity in Manuka honey across the Northland region is among the highest and most consistent of any region of New Zealand.Shrub
The search for environmentally biocompatible and cost-effective methods to control filamentous fungi in agriculture is becoming increasingly urgent. In vitro antimicrobial activity of three synthetic peptides was investigated against some filamentous fungi with agricultural relevance. The peptides were an analog of Temporin called Temporizina, a fragment from Pleurocidin termed Plc-2, and a peptide identified from sesame seeds named Pses3. Antimicrobial activity of these peptides towards filamentous fungi has not been previously reported. Seven plant pathogenic or mycotoxigenic fungal species, isolated from plant tissues were assayed: Alternaria solani, Colletotrichum gloesporioides, Fulvia fulvum, Fusarium oxisporum, Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus and Penicillium digitatum. Values of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were determined and compared with the commercially available fungicide Captan as a positive control. The peptides showing greatest
Leptospermum Scoparium Coral Candy from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: double pinkish-white flowers. Evergreen - small mid- to dark-green leaves under 2.5cm (1in) long.Shades of pink - All shades of pink through to Carmine (red)White - pinkish white
Description from Flora of China. Calamintha albiflora Vaniot; Nepeta bodinieri Vaniot.. Plants perennial. Stems 40-150 cm, white pubescent. Petiole 0.7-3 cm, slender; leaf blade ovate to triangular-cordate, 2.5-7 × 2.1-4.7 cm, adaxially yellow-green, hirtellous, abaxially whitish pubescent especially on veins, base cordate to truncate, margin coarsely crenate to dentate, apex obtuse to acute. Cymes axillary basally, upper ones in loose or compact, interrupted terminal panicles; bracts and bracteoles subulate, minute. Calyx tubular, ca. 6 × 1.2 mm, white pubescent; teeth hirsute inside, subulate, 1.5-2 mm, posterior teeth longer, urceolate in fruit. Corolla white with purple spots on lower lip, white villous; throat pubescent inside, ca. 7.5 mm; tube slender, ca. 0.3 mm in diam., abruptly dilated into broad throat; upper lip ca. 2 × 3 mm, apex emarginate; middle lobe of lower lip subcircular, ca. 3 × 4 mm, cordate, margin coarsely dentate. Stamens included. Nutlets nearly triquetrous, ovoid, ...
ii. Nepeta hindostana with Emblic Myrobalan, Tabasheer, Sandalwood, Rose, Coriander seed, Purslane seed, Pearl, Silver leaf in a base of Quince paste. (as in Jawarish-E-Amla Ambari of Unani ...
General Information: Information on Leptospermum is taken from Lesniewiczs Bonsai in Your Home, and Resnicks Bonsai, with lots of additional information supplied by posts from Scott Barboza, Brent Walston, Fred Arnold and Iris Cohen, and my own Herculean efforts.. Leptospermum has the reputation of being the ultimate in forbidden bonsai. It is a lovely tree, with flowers which resemble tiny wild roses and spiky little evergreen leaves. The bark looks old rapidly, although it may take a while to thicken the trunk. Unfortunately, getting it to survive is a monumental task. These trees are native to New Zealand, Malaysia and Australia, but are now often found as hedge plants on the west coast of the US. The best bet for bonsai is Leptospermum humifusum, which is all- around tougher than the rest of the species. It is, however, reputedly harder to get to flower than other Leptos.. Lighting: Needs lots of light. If kept indoors, requires a very bright location for survival. It does not respond ...
53011-68-0 - JVDWOALSRIJPOP-KLLZUTDZSA-N - Ochratoxin TC - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Leptospermum erubescens Schauer Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
The Tea Tree is a small tree or large shrub, growing up to about 5m. It has exposed trunks and a flaky bark. The flaking barks will peel in strips, revealing smooth bark of grey and soft pink colours below. The leaves are narrow-lanceolate in shape and approximately 5cm in length. ...
Pursue a Bachelors of Healthcare Administration degree online or on campus in Atlanta or Houston. Advance your education with an accredited degree from AIU.
Buy Animal Feed Machine of Cow Sheep Dog Cat Fox Floating Fish Feed Pellet Food Making Machine Feed Pellet Mill Cattle Sheep Pig Food Feed Machine Extruder from Pasta Drinking Straws Extruder Manufacture,floating fish food machine Distributor online Service suppliers.
There is an urgent need for new, effective agents in topical wound care, and selected honeys show potential in this regard. Using a medical-grade honey, eight species of problematic wound pathogens,...
This antibody was developed using ochratoxin A (OA)-KLH conjugates, linked via its free carboxyl group. The antibody was affinity purified with an OA-agarose affinity column. The purified antibody was chemically conjugated to HRP. It could be utilized for direct competitive detection and quantization of the food-borne mycotoxin, ochratoxin A ...
Aerial parts of N. sintenisii yielded 0.3% of a clear yellowish oil. Forty constituents (96.5% of the total oil) were identified. The main components were 4aP,7a,7aP-nepetalactone (23.4%), elemol (16.1%), E- -farnesene (9.5%), 1,8-cineole (8.2%), cw-sabinene hydrate (6.5%), P-bisabolene (4.2%), germacrene-D (3.5%), P-sesquiphellandrene (2.8%), P-bourbonene (1.5%) and a-epi-cadinol (1.3%). According to available data, Nepeta species can be divided into two groups of nepetalactone-containing and nepetalactone-free species. The results of this study indicate that the compositions of volatile oil of N. sintenisii are similar to the other Nepeta genus and this plant could be classified in the group which 4aP,7a,7aP-nepetalactone is the major component of their oils. [c.232] ...
The Beacon Ochratoxin Plate Kit is a competitive ELISA for the quantitative analysis of ochratoxin in corn, corn meal, and other grains. ...
Ochratoxin alpha | C11H9ClO5 | CID 107911 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
Such a fortunate distribution - the many varieties of Leptospermum arent natives of the Old or New world, but live down here in Australia. They are each so beautiful, in the character of bark, twist of limbs, and delicacy of bud, bloom, and seedpods that theyd be poetised to cliché, and bred to crass conformity ...
[ Family Garden Ideas ] - Pittsburgh Zoo Amp Ppg Aquarium Hive Learning Network Pittsburgh,Licuala Grandis Of The Arecaceae Family,Australian Seed Leptospermum Scoparium Manuka
Catmint (Nepeta cataria), ook bekend als kattenkruid, is een bedwelmend middel voor katten (in feite de meeste katachtigen, zelfs leeuwen). Op de mens heeft het een mild ontspannen effect. Het is een bloeiende, vaste plant, afkomstig uit Azië en Europa die zelfs op arme grond groeit. Het is een een veelvoorkomende toevoeging aan tabaksloze rookmixen.
At AIU, we provide comprehensive care focused on you. With eight convenient locations around Tucson and the surrounding areas and 12 highly qualified urologists, AIU is the finest name in urological c
... a phenolic compound produced by the mold species Aspergillus ochraceus. 4-Hydroxymellein is also produced by Aspergillus ... Moore, J. H.; Davis, N. D.; Diener, U. L. (1972). "Mellein and 4-hydroxymellein production by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilhelm". ... ochraceus. 6-Hydroxymellein, together with S-adenosyl methionine, is a substrate of the enzyme 6-hydroxymellein O- ...
... var. microspora isolated by Traboschi in 1908, and Aspergillus Ochraceus- petali- formis isolated by ... has been found to be caused due to the antigenic effects of Aspergillus ochraceus. Aspergillus ochraceus was found to be ... Aspergillus ochraceus is a mold species in the genus Aspergillus known to produce the toxin ochratoxin A, one of the most ... The genus Aspergillus was first described in 1729 by Pier Antonio Micheli. Under this genus the species Aspergillus ochraceus ...
Capnocytophaga ochracea • Corynebacterium xerosis • Enterobacter cloacae • Escherichia coli • Haemophilus influenzae • ... Aspergillus niger • Colletotrichum musae • Colletotrichum gloeosporioide • Botryodiplodia theobromae • Fusarium monoliforme • ...
Ochratoxin production by the Aspergillus ochraceus group and Aspergillus alliaceus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:2326-2329. ... Aspergillus carbonarius, Aspergillus glaucus, Aspergillus melleus, and Aspergillus niger.[25][26][27] Because Aspergillus niger ... Ochratoxin: Ochratoxin A was discovered as a metabolite of Aspergillus ochraceus in 1965 during a large screen of fungal ... Ochratoxin A, a toxic metabolite produced by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilh. Nature 205:1112-1113 ...
Aspergillus glaucus. Aspergillus lentulus. Aspergillus nidulans. Aspergillus niger. Aspergillus ochraceus. Aspergillus oryzae. ... Aspergillus restrictus. Aspergillus sojae. Aspergillus sydowii. Aspergillus tamari. Aspergillus terreus. Aspergillus ustus. ... Aspergillus alliaceus. Aspergillus caesiellus. Aspergillus caespitosus. Aspergillus candidus. Aspergillus carneus. Aspergillus ... Aspergillus deflectus. Aspergillus egyptiacus. Aspergillus fischerianus. Aspergillus flavus. Aspergillus foetidus. Aspergillus ...
Ochratoxin production by the Aspergillus ochraceus group and Aspergillus alliaceus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:2326-2329. ... Aspergillus carbonarius, Aspergillus glaucus, Aspergillus melleus, and Aspergillus niger. Because Aspergillus niger is used ... Ochratoxin: Ochratoxin A was discovered as a metabolite of Aspergillus ochraceus in 1965 during a large screen of fungal ... Ochratoxin A, a toxic metabolite produced by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilh. Nature 205:1112-1113 Shotwell, L. L., C. W. Hesseltine ...
Aspergillus glaucus, Aspergillus nidulans, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus terreus, Aspergillus unguis, ... Aspergillus ochraceus CFR 221, 3-Aspergillus ochraceus MTCC 1877, 4-Aspergillus melleus CFR 226, 5-Aspergillus sulphureus CFR ... 2-Aspergillus ochraceus MTCC 1877, 3-Aspergillus melleus CFR 226, 4-Aspergillus sulphureus CFR 230, 5-Aspergillus sclerotiorum ... OT2R primer in maize inoculated with Aspergillus ochraceus spores.Fig.3. Amplification of Aspergillus ochraceus with OT1 and ...
Aspergillus ochraceus contaminated grapes were treated with an alkaline solution and a subsequent OTA analysis was performed ...
EFFECTIVENESS OF AQUEOUS EXTRACTS OF Zizyphus vulgaris AND Nerium oleander LEAVES AGAINST Aspergillus ochraceus. Saba Hassan ... Plant extracts ; Zizyphus vulgaris ; Nerium oleanderr ; Aspergillus ochraceus. Export bibliographic record. Choose an ...
A. flavus, A. ochraceus, A. parasiticus and F. moniliforme were completely inhibited by anise 500 ppm. However, chamomile and ... Essential oils of 12 medicinal plants were tested for inhibitory activity against Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, A. ... ochraceus and Fusarium moniliforme. The oils of thyme and cinnamon 500 ppm, marigold 2000 ppm, spearmint, basil, quyssum (3000 ...
Aspergillus flavus Aspergillus parasiticus. Aflatoxin B1, B2, G1 and G2. Storage fungi. Aspergillus ochraceus Penicillium ...
Aspergillus. ochraceus, is one of the fungi responsible for ochratoxin production. In the USA, experiments have shown that ... Aspergillus flavus produces cyclopiazonic acid which may be responsible for proventriculosis. Intestinal hemorrhages and ... The main mycotoxin responsible for this lesion is cyclopiazonic acid, produced by the fungus Aspergillus flavus, the major ...
These forms of mold-Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus unguis and Penicillium variabile-are typically found growing in water- ...
essential oil were Aspergillus ochraceus and Aspergillus parasiticus with lower minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC) of 1.25 ... Also the strong fungicidal effect was observed against Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus nidulans at a MFC value of 2.5 μl/ml ... while the fungicidal activity against Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus niger observed in the 10 μl/ml oil concentration. ... According to the results A. persica Boiss essential oil has a acceptable antifungal activity against Aspergillus strains and ...
Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus ochraceus, Aspergillus sydowii, Aspergillus ustus, ... all but Aspergillus ustus, Memnoniella echinata, and Penicillium variabile were detectable as spores over the three locations ... Aspergillus versicolor, Chaetomium globosum, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Eurotium amstelodami, Memnoniella echinata, ...
... for instance ochratoxins of Aspergillus ochraceus), and dehydration. In laying hens, abnormal and reduced egg production are ...
Improved 11α-hydroxycanrenone production by modification of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase gene in Aspergillus ochraceus. ... Aspergillus is used for the industrial production of enzymes and organic acids, mainly by submerged fermentation (SmF). However ... FKS1 mutation associated with decreased echinocandin susceptibility of Aspergillus fumigatus following anidulafungin exposure. ... To explain some differences among SSF and SmF, the secretome of Aspergillus brasiliensis obtained from cultures in a ...
Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the mostcommon species of the genus Aspergillus. ... Aspergillus nidulans. A homothallic fungus, meaning it is able to self-fertilize and form fruiting bodies in the absence of a ... Aspergillus versicolor. It has a characteristic mustyodor associated with moldy homes and is a major producer of the ... Some of the Brookhaven mycotoxins in the indoor environment are produced by Alternaria, Aspergillus (multiple forms), ...
Aspergillus niger is a fungus and one of the mostcommon species of the genus Aspergillus. ... Aspergillus nidulans. A homothallic fungus, meaning it is able to self-fertilize and form fruiting bodies in the absence of a ... Aspergillus versicolor. It has a characteristic mustyodor associated with moldy homes and is a major producer of the ... Some of the Roswell mycotoxins in the indoor environment are produced by Alternaria, Aspergillus (multiple forms), Penicillium ...
Aspergillus fumigatus. *Aspergillus glaucus. *Aspergillus nidulans. *Aspergillus niger. *Aspergillus ochraceus. *Aspergillus ...
Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365 Bacteria normal 1 normal 1 -. NC_013730 Slin_1710 peptidase S8/S53 subtilisin kexin sedolisin ... Aspergillus nidulans FGSC A4 Eukaryota normal 0.632842 normal 1 -. NC_005945 BAS1859 intracellular serine protease 40.57 ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365 Bacteria normal 1 normal 1 -. NC_010718 Nther_2143 peptidase S8/S53 subtilisin kexin sedolisin ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365 Bacteria normal 0.390649 normal 0.93164 -. NC_013440 Hoch_2269 peptidase S8/S53 subtilisin kexin ...
Aspergillus clavatus. *Aspergillus flavus. *Aspergillus fumigatus. *Aspergillus niger. *Aspergillus ochraceus. *Aspergillus ...
Aspergillus clavatus (strain ATCC 1007 / CBS 513.65 / DSM 816 / NCTC 3887 / NRRL 1)] ... Capnocytophaga ochracea (strain ATCC 27872 / DSM 7271 / JCM 12966 / NCTC 12371 / VPI 2845)] ... Aspergillus flavus (strain ATCC 200026 / FGSC A1120 / NRRL 3357 / JCM 12722 / SRRC 167)] ...
Aspergillus clavatus. *Aspergillus flavus. *Aspergillus fumigatus. *Aspergillus niger. *Aspergillus ochraceus. *Aspergillus ... Es handelt sich bei Emericella-Arten um Hauptfruchtformen (= sexuelle Stadien) von Aspergillus-Arten. ...
Aspergillus fumigatus Af293. No. Yes Neosartorya fischeri NRRL 181 No. Yes Aspergillus wentii v1.0. ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Sorangium cellulosum So ce 56. No. Yes Corallococcus coralloides DSM 2259. ...
Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis v7.1 (annotation v7.2). - Tropical clawed frog. ... Aspergillus tubingensis v1.0. No. Yes Aspergillus niger 22. No. Yes Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 ...
Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis v7.1 (annotation v7.2). - Tropical clawed frog. ... Aspergillus tubingensis v1.0. No. Yes Aspergillus niger 22. No. Yes Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 ...
Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis v7.1 (annotation v7.2). - Tropical clawed frog. ... Aspergillus tubingensis v1.0. No. Yes Aspergillus niger 22. No. Yes Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 ...
Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis v7.1 (annotation v7.2). - Tropical clawed frog. ... Aspergillus tubingensis v1.0. No. Yes Aspergillus niger 22. No. Yes Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 ...
Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis v7.1 (annotation v7.2). - Tropical clawed frog. ... Aspergillus tubingensis v1.0. No. Yes Aspergillus niger 22. No. Yes Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 ...
Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis v7.1 (annotation v7.2). - Tropical clawed frog. ... Aspergillus tubingensis v1.0. No. Yes Aspergillus niger 22. No. Yes Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 ...
Aspergillus terreus NIH2624 No. Yes Aspergillus flavus NRRL3357 No. Yes Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122. ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Stigmatella aurantiaca DW4/3-1. No. Yes Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622. ...
Aspergillus terreus NIH2624 No. Yes Aspergillus flavus NRRL3357 No. Yes Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122. ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Stigmatella aurantiaca DW4/3-1. No. Yes Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622. ...
Aspergillus terreus NIH2624 No. Yes Aspergillus flavus NRRL3357 No. Yes Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122. ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Stigmatella aurantiaca DW4/3-1. No. Yes Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622. ...
Aspergillus terreus NIH2624 No. Yes Aspergillus flavus NRRL3357 No. Yes Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122. ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Stigmatella aurantiaca DW4/3-1. No. Yes Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622. ...
Aspergillus terreus NIH2624 No. Yes Aspergillus flavus NRRL3357 No. Yes Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122. ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Stigmatella aurantiaca DW4/3-1. No. Yes Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622. ...
Aspergillus terreus NIH2624 No. Yes Aspergillus flavus NRRL3357 No. Yes Yarrowia lipolytica CLIB122. ... Haliangium ochraceum DSM 14365. No. Yes Stigmatella aurantiaca DW4/3-1. No. Yes Myxococcus xanthus DK 1622. ...
  • 2 (2,86) 2 Aspergillus flavus 2 (2,86) Fusarium tricinctum 1 (1,43) Aspergillus ochraceus 1 (1,43) 3 Penicillium expansum 2 (2,86) Eurotium herbariorum 2 (2,86) 4 Fusarium poae 5 (7,14) Cladosporium herbarum 5 (7,14) Total 70 (100) FIGURA 1. (
  • The probes Asp-3 and Asp-4 have been reported as specific to Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger, A. ochraceus, and A. versicolor but could not differentiate among these species. (
  • Sixty-one strains of species other than A. fumigatus were selected for the research purposes, namely: 28 strains of A. ochraceus , 22 strains of A. niger and 11 strains of A. flavus species. (
  • The aflatoxigenic Aspergillus species that have been isolated from Brazil nuts are A. flavus, A. parasiticus, and A. nomius [ 4 - 7 ]. (
  • A synoptic key and evaluation of species in the Aspergillus flavus group. (
  • Aspergillus flavus (green mold) conidiophore. (
  • The most infamous species of this genus is Aspergillus flavus , which produces aflatoxin . (
  • Two Aspergillus species, A. flavus and A. parasiticus , are known to produce toxins only at acidic levels of pH. (
  • According to morphological criteria A. niger aggregate, Aspergillis flavus , A. ochraceus, Eurotium repens, A. carbonarious and Penicillium sp. (
  • Aspergillus fumigatus still accounts for most cases of aspergillosis, with A. flavus and A. niger being the other more common pathogenic species worldwide. (
  • The conidia (2-5 µm in diameter) may be spherical to elongate and form chains which may radiate (e.g., in Aspergillus versicolor ) or form themselves into compact columns (e.g. (
  • Xylanase activity from Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus ochraceus using mixture of corn cobs and wheat bran increased (18) % these results were reported by (19). (
  • Other fungi such as Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus carbonarius may be important in some commodities or geographic areas. (
  • However, visible mold from the major species producing ochratoxin which vary from yellowish tan with A. ochraceus to blue-green with Penicillium species and black with A. niger or A. carbonarius . (
  • The species such as A. ochraceus, A. niger, A. carbonarious , have been reported to be the main producers of ochratoxin A in foodstuff as well as A. niger which can produce fumonusin B2 and B4. (
  • Native Aspergillus niger GS1 was used for solid-state fermentation (SSF) on alkali pre-treated CS (ACS) aimed to optimize xylanolytic enzymes production, and their effect on in vitro ruminal and true digestibility of ACS. (
  • Acid phosphatases are secreted by various fungi, including Aspergillus niger (22) . (
  • Seven plant pathogenic or mycotoxigenic fungal species, isolated from plant tissues were assayed: Alternaria solani, Colletotrichum gloesporioides, Fulvia fulvum, Fusarium oxisporum, Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus and Penicillium digitatum. (
  • In addition occasionally ochratoxin A produced by Aspergillus ochraceus or Aspergillus carbonarius may occur in chillies. (
  • All of the yeast strains tested displayed an ability to inhibit the growth of Aspergillus carbonarius both in vivo and in vitro and addition of culture filtrates from the tested isolates led to complete inhibition of OTA production. (
  • S. cerevisiae DISAABA1182 was selected and further tested for its capacity to inhibit OTA production and pks (polyketide synthase) transcription in A. carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus in vitro . (
  • Primer pair 4for / 4rev2 was applicable for detection and discrimination of several ochratoxigenic species /strains within the A. ochraceus group and the A. carbonarius group. (
  • mit 4for/4rev2 konnten verschiedene Stämme innerhalb der A. ochraceus- sowie der A. carbonarius-Gruppe nachgewiesen und unterschieden werden. (
  • Aspergillus carbonarius and Aspergillus ochraceus produce the toxin ochratoxin A (OTA), which contaminates grapes and coffee. (
  • Aspergillus, Penicillium, Claviceps, and Fusarium fungi have been identified as producing the mycotoxins most detrimental to swine. (
  • The most frequent toxigenic molds in Europe are Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fusarium species [ 5 ]. (
  • The genera found were Pestalotia (4), Paecelomyces (4), Cladosporium (26), Fusarium (34), Penicillium (81) and Aspergillus (112) and comprised 38 different species. (
  • Pestalotia (4), Paecelomyces (4), Cladosporium (26), Fusarium (34), Penicillium (81) e Aspergillus (112). (
  • Mycotoxins frequently found in corn and corn products infected with Fusarium moniliforme , F. proliferatum , and Aspergillus ochraceus . (
  • Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium flocciferum, Talaromyces helicus, Acremonium strictum, Mucor hiemalis, Paecilomyces lilacinus y Penicillium frequentans transformaron el herbicida produciendo cantidades significativas de diversos derivados. (
  • Aspergillus ochraceus, Fusarium flocciferum, Talaromyces helicus, Acremonium strictum, Mucor hiemalis, Paecilomyces lilacinus and Penicillium frequentans uptook the herbicide and produced significant amounts of diverse derivatives. (
  • After this discovery, some other species that looked similar to Aspergillus ochraceus were considered synonyms of this fungus. (
  • Major OTA producing fungus in northern Europe is Penicillium verrucosum, and more important in warmer climatic zone is Aspergillus ochraceus [30]. (
  • Effect of 6-MFA, an interferon inducer obtained from fungus Aspergillus ochraceus on hepatic mixed function oxidase system in rats. (
  • Effect of 6-MFA (sixth mycelial fraction of acetone ), an interferon inducer obtained from fungus A. ochraceus on hepatic mixed function oxidase system (MFO) of rat has been investigated. (
  • Tissue samples from the wedge resection grew Aspergillus rugolosa , confirmed by DNA sequencing, a Penicillium species and a non-sporulating fungus. (
  • Bioassay-guided fractionation of a coral-associated fungus Aspergillus ochraceus LZDX-32-15 resulted in the isolation of eleven notoamide-type alkaloids, including four new congeners, namely notoamides W-Z ( 1-4 ). (
  • Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. (
  • 2003 Arsenate transport and reduction in the hyper-tolerant fungus Aspergillus sp. (
  • Aspergillus ochraceus is a mold species in the genus Aspergillus known to produce the toxin ochratoxin A, one of the most abundant food-contaminating mycotoxins, and citrinin. (
  • In coffee, Aspergillus ochraceus is an important toxin source dependent on the management of fruits and coffee beans after harvest and storage. (
  • The toxin was isolated from cultures of Aspergillus ochraceus and purified by thin-layer chromatography. (
  • For 48 samples the analyzed fungi displayed the cytotoxic effect with A. ochraceus in 26 out of 28 cases, with 11 strains displaying the high cytotoxic effect. (
  • Ochratoxin A, one of the 5 most important mycotoxins in food safety, is produced by several Aspergillus and Penicillium strains growing on grain, grapes and coffee. (
  • Phenotypic features and sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the 5.8 S rRNA gene of type or neotype strains and other isolates of the 17 species currently assigned to Aspergillus section Circumdati and some potentially related species were analyzed. (
  • Differentiation between toxigenic and non-toxigenic strains of Aspergillus parasiticus in vitro was not achieved. (
  • 19. Chang, P.-K., Yabe, K. & Yu , J. 2004 The Aspergillus parasiticus estA -encoded esterase converts versiconal hemiacetal acetate to versiconal and versiconol acetate to versiconol in aflatoxin biosynthesis. (
  • This study investigated the effect of interacting environmental factors on the ecophysiology of Penicillium verrucosum and Aspergillus ochraceus and ochratoxin A (OTA) production and potential for controlling growth and OTA production using essential oils and resveratrol on wheat grain. (
  • Ochratoxin is a mycotoxin produced primarily by the Penicillium verrucosum and Aspergillus ochraceus fungi. (
  • Penicillium verrucosum and Aspergillus ochraceus are more likely to contaminate foods in storage than they are to infect plants in the field, which means one of the best ways to prevent high levels of ochratoxin from developing in food is proper storage. (
  • Liu, Y. Functional Characterization of New Polyketide Synthase Genes Involved in Ochratoxin A Biosynthesis in Aspergillus Ochraceus fc-1. (
  • and polyketide gene clusters encoding aflatoxin/sterigmatocystin biosynthesis in Aspergillus sp. (
  • OTA biosynthesis in Aspergillus spp. (
  • Analysis of the effect of nutritional factors on OTA and OTB biosynthesis and polyketide synthase gene expression in Aspergillus ochraceus. (
  • Biosynthesis of ochratoxins by Aspergillus ochraceus. (
  • 2008 Mar;58(Pt 3):733 First case of fungal keratitis due to Aspergillus minisclerotigenes in Iran. (
  • Three Aspergillus genome manuscripts were published in Nature in December 2005 thus establishing Aspergillus as the leading filamentous fungal genus for comparative genomic studies. (
  • Together with advanced bioinformatics and data analysis tools, new insights are being gained into the functional properties and activities of Aspergillus fungal genomes. (
  • Production of ochratoxin A in barley by Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium viridicatum: effect of fungal growth, time, temperature, and inoculum size. (
  • Under this genus the species Aspergillus ochraceus was discovered by the German botanist and mycologist Karl Adolf Wilhelm in 1877. (
  • Mellein is a dihydroisocoumarin, a phenolic compound produced by the mold species Aspergillus ochraceus. (
  • Aspergillus ochraceus group of fungi belonging to Genus Aspergillus section Circumdati are known to produce the mycotoxin ochratoxin A. Ochratoxins belong to pentaketide group of mycotoxins, which consists of isocoumarin molecule linked to phenylalanine through, amide linkage (Vander Merwe et al, 1965). (
  • Ochratoxin mycotoxins may be produced by Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium viridicatum . (
  • Aspergillus , a diverse genus occurring worldwide, species from this genus are considered to primarily be terricolous with important roles as decomposers of organic materials and cause destructive rots in the agricultural products and food industry where they produce a wide range of mycotoxins. (
  • Several Aspergillus species also produce mycotoxins which are harmful to humans and animals when ingested. (
  • Ochratoxins are hazardous mycotoxins in nature produced by type of species Aspergillus ochraceous and Aspergillus penecillium. (
  • But later studies have shown that other species of Aspergillus ochraceus group - Aspergillus melleus, A. sulphureus, A. sclerotiorum, ^ auricomus, A. alliaceus and A. ostianus (Varga et al. (
  • Other species identified were A. sclerotiorum (17.6%), A. ochraceus (8.8%), A. subramanianii (8.8%), and A. insulicola and A. ochraceopetaliformis , with two isolates (5.9%) of each. (
  • Moreover, A. ochraceus , A. sclerotiorum , and A. westerdijkiae have been repetitively isolated from clinical specimens of immunocompromised patients, although in such cases their pathogenic role is uncertain ( 18 - 22 ). (
  • The azoles, especially itraconazole, appear to have good activity against A. ochraceus and A. sclerotiorum ( 18 , 23 ). (
  • Multilocus Phylogeny and Antifungal Susceptibility of Aspergillus Section Circumdati from Clinical Samples and Description of A. pseudosclerotiorum sp. (
  • A multilocus phylogenetic study was carried out to assess species identity of a set of 34 clinical isolates from Aspergillus section Circumdati from the United States and to determine their in vitro antifungal susceptibility against eight antifungal drugs. (
  • Parsimony analysis of sequence data indicated that Aspergillus section Circumdati is paraphyletic. (
  • Species of the proposed revised Aspergillus section Circumdati formed two main clades, which could also be distinguished based on phenotypic methods. (
  • Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin produced by A. ochraceus, contaminates food and initiates apoptosis of plant cells. (
  • Phylogenetic analysis of sequence data of other isolates assigned to species of the revised section indicates that either some of these isolates were misidentified or species concepts of A. ochraceus, A. melleus, and A. petrakii should be reconsidered. (
  • Morphological features of Aspergillus pseudosclerotiorum sp. (
  • Identification of Aspergillus species, traditionally based on morphological and physiological aspects ( 2 ), has changed recently with the use of DNA sequencing and multilocus analyses ( 26 ). (
  • The morphological characters of Aspergillus species are more distinguishable in culture, which makes identification much easier. (
  • 2:69-73 Medical significance update: The First Case of Total Dystrophic Onychomycosis Caused by Aspergillus clavatus Resistant to Antifungal Drugs. (
  • The genus Aspergillus was first described in 1729 by Pier Antonio Micheli. (
  • The genus Aspergillus is important economically, ecologically and medically. (
  • Since Pier Antonio Micheli described and published genus Aspergillus in Nova Plantarum Genera in 1729, the genus attracted an immense interest. (
  • Abdel-Azeem AM, Salem FM, Abdel-Azeem MA, Nafady NA, Mohesien MT, Soliman EA (2016) Biodiversity of the Genus Aspergillus in different habitats. (
  • This study aimed to evaluate the antifungal potentiality of a pigment produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, against A. ochraceus in-vitro. (
  • Especies fúngicas degradaron el herbicida en cultivos in vitro, produciendo derivados hidroxilados frecuentes en areas agrícolas. (
  • Ochratoxin A (OTA), a potentially carcinogenic mycotoxin which contaminates grains, is produced by several Aspergillus species. (
  • DNA data permit inferences about the comparative biology of Aspergillus species so as to reconstruct possible scenarios for the evolution of mating types, secondary metabolite clusters, enzymes involved in biomass degradation and other important pathways. (
  • The present invention relates to a process for the detection of Aspergillus ochraceus by biotechnological approach. (
  • Microscopically, the asexual fruiting structure of Aspergillus species includes a long stipe (conidiophore), a rounded head (vesicle), and flask shape structures (phialides) from which spores (conidia) are formed. (
  • The ecological roots of Aspergillus ochraceus lay in the soil. (
  • Aspergillus ochraceus, a pathogenic mold frequently found in grains, soil, and dried food products. (
  • Aspergillus ochraceus produces a mycotoxin named ochratoxin A (OTA). (
  • Yeast extract was also reported as the best nitrogen source for Candida utilis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae [6] and Aspergillus ochraceus [11]. (
  • Aspergillus bridgeri was isolated from soils collected in southcentral Wyoming and Aspergillus campestris from northcentral North Dakota. (
  • Aspergillus campestris, A. lanosus, and A. dimorphicus with A. sepultus were found to be more closely related to Aspergillus sections Candidi, Flavi, and Cremei, respectively. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Purification and characterization of an invertase produced by Aspergillus ochraceus TS. (
  • Aspergillus ochraceus group of fungi is widely distributed in dried foods like beans, dried fruits, nuts including peanuts, betal nuts, wide range of cereals including barley, wheat flour and rice (Pitt and Hocking, 1985: Varga et al, 1996). (
  • Ochratoxin A was initially known to be produced by Aspergillus ochraceus Wilhelm and Penicillium verrucossum (Pitt, 1987: Ciegler, 1992). (
  • 021 (Mu) g/g) at 30oC in corn by the Aspergillus ochraceus where as it was minimum at 5oC in wheat by both species i. (
  • Growth occurred over a wider aw range than OTA production for P. verrucosum and A. ochraceus respectively regardless of the temperature tested. (
  • A. ochraceus grew at 0.80-0.995 aw on wheat grain however OTA production occurred between 0.85-0.995 aw. (
  • Interestingly at sub-optimal aw there was a' stimulation in OTA production by A. ochraceus at 15-25 oC on wheat grain. (
  • OTA production by Aspergillus ochraceus could be controlled by the pH of the culture medium, with accurately defined growth conditions applied. (
  • OTA production by Aspergillus ochraceus could be controlled by the pH of th. (
  • Aspergillus spp are involved in industrial production of organic acids and is a popular model for genetic studies. (
  • Production of ochratoxin A by Aspergillus ochraceus in a semisynthetic medium. (
  • 11. Bok, J.W. & Keller, N.P. 2004 LaeA, a regulator of secondary metabolism in Aspergillus spp. (
  • In 2001, the Aspergillus Trust charity was formed to raise awarness for these diseases and support patients who are suffering from Aspergillus -related illnesses. (
  • For example, Aspergillus alutaceus isolated by Berkeley in 1875, Sterigmatocystis helva isolated by Bainier in 1881, Aspergillus ochraceus var. (