Aspergillus: A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.Aspergillus fumigatus: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic fumigatin is obtained. Its spores may cause respiratory infection in birds and mammals.Aspergillus nidulans: A species of imperfect fungi from which the antibiotic nidulin is obtained. Its teleomorph is Emericella nidulans.Aspergillus niger: An imperfect fungus causing smut or black mold of several fruits, vegetables, etc.Aspergillus flavus: A species of imperfect fungi which grows on peanuts and other plants and produces the carcinogenic substance aflatoxin. It is also used in the production of the antibiotic flavicin.Aspergillosis: Infections with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Aflatoxins: Furano-furano-benzopyrans that are produced by ASPERGILLUS from STERIGMATOCYSTIN. They are structurally related to COUMARINS and easily oxidized to an epoxide form to become ALKYLATING AGENTS. Members of the group include AFLATOXIN B1; aflatoxin B2, aflatoxin G1, aflatoxin G2; AFLATOXIN M1; and aflatoxin M2.Aspergillus ochraceus: An imperfect fungus that produces ochratoxins and contaminates EDIBLE GRAIN and coffee beans.Antifungal Agents: Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Infections of the respiratory tract with fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS. Infections may result in allergic reaction (ALLERGIC BRONCHOPULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS), colonization in pulmonary cavities as fungus balls (MYCETOMA), or lead to invasion of the lung parenchyma (INVASIVE PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS).Sterigmatocystin: A carcinogenic mycotoxin produced in high yields by strains of the common molds, Aspergillus versicolor, A. nidulans, and an unidentified species of Bipolaris. It causes necrosis of the liver and kidney and has an inhibitory effect on orotic acid incorporation into nuclear RNA.Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary: Hypersensitivity reaction (ALLERGIC REACTION) to fungus ASPERGILLUS in an individual with long-standing BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. It is characterized by pulmonary infiltrates, EOSINOPHILIA, elevated serum IMMUNOGLOBULIN E, and skin reactivity to Aspergillus antigen.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Glucan 1,4-alpha-Glucosidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues successively from non-reducing ends of polysaccharide chains with the release of beta-glucose. It is also able to hydrolyze 1,6-alpha-glucosidic bonds when the next bond in sequence is 1,4.Lung Diseases, Fungal: Pulmonary diseases caused by fungal infections, usually through hematogenous spread.Hyphae: Microscopic threadlike filaments in FUNGI that are filled with a layer of protoplasm. Collectively, the hyphae make up the MYCELIUM.Genes, Fungal: The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Itraconazole: A triazole antifungal agent that inhibits cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes required for ERGOSTEROL synthesis.Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Lung infections with the invasive forms of ASPERGILLUS, usually after surgery, transplantation, prolonged NEUTROPENIA or treatment with high-doses of CORTICOSTEROIDS. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis can progress to CHRONIC NECROTIZING PULMONARY ASPERGILLOSIS or hematogenous spread to other organs.Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.Penicillium: A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include EUPENICILLIUM and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.TriazolesAntigens, Fungal: Substances of fungal origin that have antigenic activity.Ochratoxins: Isocoumarins found in ASPERGILLUS OCHRACEUS and other FUNGI. Ochratoxin contaminated FOOD has been responsible for cases of FOODBORNE DISEASES.Drug Resistance, Fungal: The ability of fungi to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antifungal agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation.Amphotericin B: Macrolide antifungal antibiotic produced by Streptomyces nodosus obtained from soil of the Orinoco river region of Venezuela.Gliotoxin: A fungal toxin produced by various species of Trichoderma, Gladiocladium fimbriatum, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Penicillium. It is used as an immunosuppressive agent.Mycotoxins: Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.Mannans: Polysaccharides consisting of mannose units.Echinocandins: Cyclic hexapeptides of proline-ornithine-threonine-proline-threonine-serine. The cyclization with a single non-peptide bond can lead them to be incorrectly called DEPSIPEPTIDES, but the echinocandins lack ester links. Antifungal activity is via inhibition of 1,3-beta-glucan synthase production of BETA-GLUCANS.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Mycology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of fungi, and MYCOSES.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.MycosesMycelium: The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.Neuroaspergillosis: Infections of the nervous system caused by fungi of the genus ASPERGILLUS, most commonly ASPERGILLUS FUMIGATUS. Aspergillus infections may occur in immunocompetent hosts, but are more prevalent in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. The organism may spread to the nervous system from focal infections in the lung, mastoid region, sinuses, inner ear, bones, eyes, gastrointestinal tract, and heart. Sinus infections may be locally invasive and enter the intracranial compartment, producing MENINGITIS, FUNGAL; cranial neuropathies; and abscesses in the frontal lobes of the brain. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch 27, pp62-3)Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Fusarium: A mitosporic Hypocreales fungal genus, various species of which are important parasitic pathogens of plants and a variety of vertebrates. Teleomorphs include GIBBERELLA.Antibodies, Fungal: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to FUNGAL ANTIGENS.Air Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Mycological Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of fungi.Arachis hypogaea: A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.Mitosporic Fungi: A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Benomyl: A systemic agricultural fungicide used for control of certain fungal diseases of stone fruit.Eye Infections, Fungal: Infection by a variety of fungi, usually through four possible mechanisms: superficial infection producing conjunctivitis, keratitis, or lacrimal obstruction; extension of infection from neighboring structures - skin, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx; direct introduction during surgery or accidental penetrating trauma; or via the blood or lymphatic routes in patients with underlying mycoses.Reproduction, Asexual: Reproduction without fusion of two types of cells, mostly found in ALGAE; FUNGI; and PLANTS. Asexual reproduction occurs in several ways, such as budding, fission, or splitting from "parent" cells. Only few groups of ANIMALS reproduce asexually or unisexually (PARTHENOGENESIS).6-Phytase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.Azoles: Five membered rings containing a NITROGEN atom.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Genome, Fungal: The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a fungus.Pyrimidines: A family of 6-membered heterocyclic compounds occurring in nature in a wide variety of forms. They include several nucleic acid constituents (CYTOSINE; THYMINE; and URACIL) and form the basic structure of the barbiturates.Polygalacturonase: A cell wall-degrading enzyme found in microorganisms and higher plants. It catalyzes the random hydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-D-galactosiduronic linkages in pectate and other galacturonans. EC 3.2.1.15.Anthraquinones: Compounds based on ANTHRACENES which contain two KETONES in any position. Substitutions can be in any position except on the ketone groups.Immunocompromised Host: A human or animal whose immunologic mechanism is deficient because of an immunodeficiency disorder or other disease or as the result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs or radiation.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Glycoside HydrolasesCell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Peptides, Cyclic: Peptides whose amino and carboxy ends are linked together with a peptide bond forming a circular chain. Some of them are ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS. Some of them are biosynthesized non-ribosomally (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NON-RIBOSOMAL).Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Xylosidases: A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha- or beta-xylosidic linkages. EC 3.2.1.8 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.32 catalyzes the endo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages; EC 3.2.1.37 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans; and EC 3.2.1.72 catalyzes the exo-hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-linkages from the non-reducing termini of xylans. Other xylosidases have been identified that catalyze the hydrolysis of alpha-xylosidic bonds.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Rhizopus: A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Mucoraceae, order MUCORALES, a common saprophyte and facultative parasite of mature fruits and vegetables. It may cause cerebral mycoses in diabetes and cutaneous infection in severely burned patients.Drug Resistance, Multiple, Fungal: The ability of fungi to resist or to become tolerant to several structurally and functionally distinct drugs simultaneously. This resistance phenotype may be attributed to multiple gene mutations.Opportunistic Infections: An infection caused by an organism which becomes pathogenic under certain conditions, e.g., during immunosuppression.beta-Glucans: Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains of various lengths. They are a major component of the CELL WALL of organisms and of soluble DIETARY FIBER.Eurotiales: An order of fungi in the phylum ASCOMYCOTA characterized by the presence of well defined peridia and cleistothecial asci. Notable anamorphs (mitosporic forms) of Eurotiales include PENICILLIUM and ASPERGILLUS.Candida: A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)Neosartorya: A genus of ascomycetous fungi in the family Trichocomaceae, order EUROTIALES. Some species can cause opportunistic infections in humans, similar to its anamorph ASPERGILLUS.Emericella: A genus in the family Trichocomaceae, order EUROTIALES. The anamorph is ASPERGILLUS.Aflatoxin B1: A potent hepatotoxic and hepatocarcinogenic mycotoxin produced by the Aspergillus flavus group of fungi. It is also mutagenic, teratogenic, and causes immunosuppression in animals. It is found as a contaminant in peanuts, cottonseed meal, corn, and other grains. The mycotoxin requires epoxidation to aflatoxin B1 2,3-oxide for activation. Microsomal monooxygenases biotransform the toxin to the less toxic metabolites aflatoxin M1 and Q1.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Lipopeptides: Compounds consisting of a short peptide chain conjugated with an acyl chain.Xylans: Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Isomaltose: A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in an alpha (1-6) glycosidic linkage.Chromatography, Thin Layer: Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Chitin: A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.Biosynthetic Pathways: Sets of enzymatic reactions occurring in organisms and that form biochemicals by making new covalent bonds.Ergot Alkaloids: Alkaloids originally isolated from the ergot fungus Claviceps purpurea (Hypocreaceae). They include compounds that are structurally related to ergoline (ERGOLINES) and ergotamine (ERGOTAMINES). Many of the ergot alkaloids act as alpha-adrenergic antagonists.alpha-Amylases: Enzymes that catalyze the endohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-glycosidic linkages in STARCH; GLYCOGEN; and related POLYSACCHARIDES and OLIGOSACCHARIDES containing 3 or more 1,4-alpha-linked D-glucose units.RNA, Fungal: Ribonucleic acid in fungi having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Penicillium chrysogenum: A mitosporic fungal species used in the production of penicillin.beta-Glucosidase: An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.XyloseCladosporium: A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including some economically important plant parasites. Teleomorphs include Mycosphaerella and Venturia.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Enzyme Stability: The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.Cellulase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.Granulomatous Disease, Chronic: A defect of leukocyte function in which phagocytic cells ingest but fail to digest bacteria, resulting in recurring bacterial infections with granuloma formation. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by mutations in the CYBB gene, the condition is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. When chronic granulomatous disease is caused by CYBA, NCF1, NCF2, or NCF4 gene mutations, the condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Fusariosis: OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS with the soil fungus FUSARIUM. Typically the infection is limited to the nail plate (ONYCHOMYCOSIS). The infection can however become systemic especially in an IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST (e.g., NEUTROPENIA) and results in cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, fever, KERATITIS, and pulmonary infections.Scedosporium: A mitosporic fungal genus previously called Monosporium. Teleomorphs include PSEUDALLESCHERIA.Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases: Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.PolysaccharidesChitin Synthase: An enzyme that converts UDP glucosamine into chitin and UDP. EC 2.4.1.16.Endo-1,4-beta Xylanases: Enzymes which catalyze the endohydrolysis of 1,4-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in XYLANS.
Aspergillus flavus is a fungus of the Trichocomaceae family with a worldwide distribution. The mold lives in soil, surviving ... Aflatoxin B1 is an aflatoxin produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. It is an incredibly potent carcinogen with a ... The widespread death was later found to be caused by Aspergillus flavus contamination of peanut meal. Twelve patients died of ... Unlike many mold species, Aspergillus flavus prefers hot and dry conditions. Its optimal growth at 37 °C (99 °F) contributes to ...
Like miso, it is made by fermenting a mixture of soybeans and cereals with moulds such as Aspergillus oryzae. The mould ... Jahromi, M.F.; Liang, J.B.; Ho, Y.W.; Mohamad, R.; Goh, Y.M., Shokryazdan, P. (2012). "Lovastatin production by Aspergillus ... Penicillium moulds cause soft rot such as of apples, while Aspergillus moulds create patches on the surface of old bread, ... 2010). Aspergillus: Molecular Biology and Genomics. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-53-0. "CSIRO ScienceImage 1367 ...
"An Overview of the Genus Aspergillus" (PDF). Aspergillus: Molecular Biology and Genomics. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1- ... For Aspergillus the process of degradation is the means of obtaining nutrients. When these moulds degrade human-made substrates ... Aspergillus and other moulds play an important role in these consortia because they are adept at recycling starches, ... Our artistic heritage is also subject to Aspergillus assault. To give but one example, after Florence in Italy flooded in 1969 ...
Apostle John Comparison Bennett JW (2010). "An Overview of the Genus Aspergillus" (PDF). Aspergillus: Molecular Biology and ... The mold aspergillus versicolor can grow after flooding, to consume nutrients from frescoes. The following is the process that ... ISBN 0-408-10812-6. How is a fresco made? - Fresco Blog by Italian Fresco Blog. All this section - Ugo Procacci, in Frescoes ... ISBN 0-408-10812-6. Ward, Gerald W. R., ed. (2008). The GroveEncyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art. Oxford University ...
Asan, A. (2004). "Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Related Species Reported from Turkey" (PDF). Mycotaxon. 89 (1): 155-7. ... In addition to their importance in the food industry, species of Penicillium and Aspergillus serve in the production of a ... A British study determined that Aspergillus- and Penicillium-type spores were the most prevalent in the indoor air of ... Samson, R.A.; Pitt, J.I. (1985). Advances in Penicillium and Aspergillus Systematics. Springer. ISBN 978-0-306-42222-5. Pitt, J ...
... B1 is considered the most toxic and is produced by both Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Aflatoxin M1 ... Aflatoxins are poisonous carcinogens that are produced by certain molds (Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus) which ... Aflatoxins are produced by both Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, which are common forms of 'weedy' molds ... "The Phylogenetics of Mycotoxin and Sclerotium Production in Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus oryzae". Fungal Genetics and ...
Advances in Penicillium and Aspergillus Systematics. p. 135. doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-1856-0_14. ISBN 978-1-4419-3204-4. Martin ...
doi:10.1111/j.1472-765X.1995.tb01007.x. Robert Samson (2013). Advances in Penicillium and Aspergillus Systematics. Springer ... ISBN 0-442-21084-1. List of Penicillium species MycoBank Straininfo of Penicillium palitans Kozlovsky, A. G.; Zhelifonova, V. P ... ISBN 0-309-09193-4. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Max Hartmann (1937). Berichte Biochemie und Biologie volum ...
Robert Samson (2013). Advances in Penicillium and Aspergillus Systematics. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 1-4757-1856- ... ISBN 0-8493-8217-3. List of Penicillium species Mycobank Straininfo of Penicillium striatisporum UniProt ATCC Ma, Yan; Chang, ...
Aspergillus : molecular biology and genomics (PDF). Wymondham, Norfolk, UK: Caister Academic. ISBN 978-1-904455-53-0. ... Lunarized water, saltwater, or rainwater are most typically used.[citation needed] Aspergillus, a genus of mold, was named in ... Reformation Study Bible Bennett, Joan W. (2010). "An Overview of the Genus Aspergillus". In Machida, Masayuki; Gomi, Katsuya. ...
Bak TG (1967). "Studies on glucose dehydrogenase of Aspergillus oryzae. II Purification and physical and chemical properties". ... Other names in common use include glucose dehydrogenase (Aspergillus), glucose dehydrogenase (decarboxylating), and D-glucose:( ... doi:10.1016/0005-2744(67)90032-0. PMID 6034674. Molecular and Cellular Biology portal. ...
Robert A. Samson, John I. Pitt (2013). Modern Concepts in Penicillium and Aspergillus Classification. Springer Science & ... Modern Concepts in Penicillium and Aspergillus Classification. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 1-4899-3579-7. V. Betina ...
1955). "Ascocarps of Aspergillus and Penicillium". Mycologia. 47 (5): 669-87. doi:10.2307/3755578. JSTOR 3755578. Kirk PM, ... ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. Yilmaz N, Houbraken J, Hoekstra ES, Frisvad JC, Visagie CM, Samson RA (2012). "Delimitation and ...
Aspergillus acid proteinase, Aspergillus aspartic proteinase, Aspergillus awamori acid proteinase, Aspergillus carboxyl ... Aspergillus saitoi acid proteinase, pepsin-type aspartic proteinase, Aspergillus niger acid proteinase, sumizyme AP, proctase P ... Does not clot milk This enzyme is found in a variety of Aspergillus species. Trypsinogen Kovaleva, G.G.; Shimanskaya, M.P.; ... Effects of acid protease-specific inhibitors on the acid proteases from Aspergillus niger var. macrosporus". J. Biochem. 80: ...
Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus sojae". Journal of Food Protection. 70 (12): 2916-34. PMID 18095455. O'Donnell K, Cigelnik E ... Shoyu koji mold (Aspergillus oryzae) is an essential ingredient in brewing Shoyu (soy sauce) and sake, and the preparation of ... Abe K, Gomi K, Hasegawa F, Machida M (September 2006). "Impact of Aspergillus oryzae genomics on industrial production of ... Besides regular sexual reproduction with meiosis, certain fungi, such as those in the genera Penicillium and Aspergillus, may ...
Purification and characterization of piceid-b-D-glucosidase from Aspergillus oryzae. Chunzhi Zhang, Dai Li, Hongshan Yu, Bo ... Polygonum cuspidatum). Resveratrol can be produced from piceid fermented by Aspergillus oryzae. This latter species produces a ... "Biotransformation of piceid in Polygonum cuspidatum to resveratrol by Aspergillus oryzae". Applied Microbiology and ... doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)88881-0. Wang, H.; Liu, L.; Guo, Y. -X.; Dong, Y. -S.; Zhang, D. -J.; Xiu, Z. -L. (2007). " ...
Laccase activity has been documented in T. reesei, in some species in the Aspergillus genus and in freshwater ascomycetes. ... Hanif, A (2004). "Induction, production, repression, and de-repression of exoglucanase synthesis in Aspergillus niger". ... "Biocatalytic potential of laccase-like multicopper oxidases from Aspergillus niger". Microbial Cell Factories. 11 (1): 165. doi ... doi:10.1007/s10021-004-0149-0. ISSN 1432-9840. Finzi, Adrien C; Austin, Amy T; Cleland, Elsa E; Frey, Serita D; Houlton, ...
Kremer, A.; Westrich, L.; Li, S.M. (2007). "A 7-dimethylallyltryptophan synthase from Aspergillus fumigatus: overproduction, ... doi:10.1099/mic.0.2007/009019-0. PMID 17906140. 7-dimethylallyltryptophan synthase at the US National Library of Medicine ...
Research using Aspergillus species indicated that transmission efficiencies might depend on the hosts viral infection status ( ... Van Diepeningen, A. D., Debets, A., and Hoekstra, R. (2006). Dynamics of dsRNA mycoviruses in black Aspergillus populations. ... Intraspecies transmission has also been reported between Fusarium poae and black Aspergillus isolates. However, it is not known ... Interspecies virus transfer via protoplast fusions between Fusarium poae and black Aspergillus strains. Fungal Genetics ...
The first report on retting of sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea) by pectin lyase produced by Aspergillus flavus MTCC 7589 was ... Yadav S, Yadav PK, Yadav D, Yadav KD (2008). "Purification and characterization of an alkaline pectin lyase from Aspergillus ... Pickersgill R, Jenkins J (1997). "Two crystal structures of pectin lyase A from Aspergillus reveal a pH driven conformational ... a novel pectinolytic enzyme from Aspergillus niger". FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 120 (1-2): 63-68. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.1994. ...
Mushroom the Journal biographical information Mycobank Agaricus radians Mycobank Aspergillus clavatus IPNI. Desm. works by John ... He was the binomial author of the fungi species Agaricus radians and Aspergillus clavatus. Ascochyta desmazieri Cainia ... ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. Anon (1862). "Notice nécrologique sur J.-H. Desmazières". Bulletin de la Société de Botanique de ...
... is a mycotoxin that is produced by Aspergillus flavus and Penicillium roqueforti mold. El-Hawary, Seham S.; ... 0 (0): 1-4. doi:10.1080/14786419.2017.1327859. ISSN 1478-6419. PMID 28532171. It is the major product of acid degradation of ...
Chamilos, G; Kontoyiannis, DP (2015). "Chapter 133: Aspergillus, Candida, and other opportunistic mold infections of the lung ... ISBN 978-0-89529-759-4. Jain, KK; Baydin, SA (2004). Textbook of hyperbaric medicine (4th ed.). Hogrefe & Huber. ISBN 0-88937- ... ISBN 0-7020-2571-2. Acott, C. (1999). "A brief history of diving and decompression illness". South Pacific Underwater Medicine ... ISBN 978-0-07-179672-9. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. "Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections". Retrieved 2011-08-21. ...
... is a component of the cell wall of the mold Aspergillus and is released during growth. Detection of galactomannan ... October 2005). "Detection of Aspergillus galactomannan antigenemia to determine biological and clinical implications of beta- ... False positive Aspergillus Galactomannan test have been found in patients on intravenous treatment with some antibiotics or ... ISBN 978-0-85404-891-5. Simmons, P.A. (May 2004). "Modeling of Ocular Viscosity for Mid-viscosity Artificial Tear Preparations ...
"A two-step bioconversion process for vanillin production from ferulic acid combining Aspergillus niger and Pycnoporus ... ISBN 978-0-8493-3865-6. Pacheco-Palencia LA, Mertens-Talcott S, Talcott ST (Jun 2008). "Chemical composition, antioxidant ... doi:10.1016/0168-1656(96)01552-0. PMID 8987621. Civolani C, Barghini P, Roncetti AR, Ruzzi M, Schiesser A (June 2000). " ...
Kōji-kin (Aspergillus oryzae) spores are another important component of sake. Kōji-kin is an enzyme-secreting fungus.[15] In ... Bamforth (2005) places the probable origin of true sake (which is made from rice, water, and kōji mold (麹, Aspergillus oryzae) ... "Aspergillus oryzae - an overview , ScienceDirect Topics". www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved August 8, 2019.. ... Kobayashi T, Abe K, Asai K, Gomi K, Uvvadi PR, Kato M, Kitamoto K, Takeuchi M, Machida M. (2007). "Genomics of Aspergillus ...
... by using the soil fungus Aspergillus niger 2587. The results recorded from UV-vis spectrophotometer and transmission electron ... Here, we have synthesized the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by using the soil fungus Aspergillus niger. 2587. The results ... Soni, N. and Prakash, S. (2013) Possible Mosquito Control by Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized by Soil Fungus (Aspergillus niger ... S. Namita and P. Soam, "Aspergillus niger Metabolites Efficacies against the Mosquito Larval (Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles ...
Ten patients (31 %) did not have an elevated Aspergillus IgG, and only 4 patients had elevated Aspergillus precipitins. Twelve ... This study aims to review the radiology, presentation, and histological features of lung nodules caused by Aspergillus spp. ... The median Charleston co-morbidity index was 3 (range 0-7). All complained of a least one of; dyspnoea, cough, haemoptysis, or ... Aspergillus IgG antibody results were available for 32 patients. In ten patients (31 %) the Aspergillus IgG was within normal ...
1953) The genetics of Aspergillus nidulans. Adv Genet.; 5: 141-238. * Sambrook J, Fritsch EF, Maniatis T. (1989) Molecular ... Vainstein LM, Peberdy J. (1991) Regulation of invertase in Aspergillus nidulans: the effect of different carbon sources. J Gen ... Overexpression of the yeast DPM1 gene encoding dolichylphosphate mannose synthase (DPMS) in an Aspergillus nidulans mutant ( ... 1993) Co-transformation with autonomously replicating helper plasmids facilitates gene cloning from an Aspergillus nidulans ...
Depending on the hosts status, Aspergillus fumigatus is able to cause several diseases ranging from allergic (e.g. Aspergillus ... Aspergillus allergens are described as proteins that are recognized in patients with hypersensitivity syndromes such as ... allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and Aspergillus-induced asthma. However, findings from this study indicate that (at ...
A Method for the Selection of Deletion Mutations in the L-Proline Catabolism Gene Cluster of Aspergillus nidulans - Volume 38 ... Bailey, C. R. (1977). The regulation of carbon metabolism in Aspergillus nidulans. In Genetics and Physiology of Aspergillus ( ... Pontecorvo, G., Roper, J. A., Hemmons, L. M., Macdonald, K. D. & Bufton, A. W. J. (1953). The genetics of Aspergillus nidulans ... Arst, H. N. Jr., Macdonald, D. W. & Jones, S. A. (1980 b). Regulation of proline transport in Aspergillus nidulans. Journal of ...
Aspergillus fumigatus stimulates leukocyte adhesion molecules and cytokine production by endothelial cells in vitro and during ... During this angioinvasion, Aspergillus fumigatus interacts with the endothelial cell lining of the blood vessels. We ... Aspergillus fumigatus Stimulates Leukocyte Adhesion Molecules and Cytokine Production by Endothelial Cells In Vitro and during ... Aspergillus fumigatus Stimulates Leukocyte Adhesion Molecules and Cytokine Production by Endothelial Cells In Vitro and during ...
Aspergillus,/i, endophthalmitis following Baerveldt glaucoma drainage device implantation with intravitreal and topical ... Infected Baerveldt Glaucoma Drainage Device by Aspergillus niger. Nurul-Laila Salim. ,1. ,. 2 Yaakub Azhany. ,1. ,. 2 Zaidah ... The Aspergillus niger was isolated on the third day based on colony morphology and characteristics features under light ... We report a case of successfully treated infected GDD caused by Aspergillus niger with intravitreal and topical voriconazole ...
Azole resistance in Aspergillus has been reported infrequently. The first resistant isolate was detected in 1999 in Manchester ... Frequency and Evolution of Azole Resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus Associated with Treatment Failure1 Susan J. Howard, Dasa ... Frequency and Evolution of Azole Resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus Associated with Treatment Failure. ... MICs for 519 Aspergillus fumigatus isolates from RMLM culture collection, 1992-2007* ...
on spread of green fungus,,i, Aspergillus section flavi,,/i, in different varieties of stored maize in laboratory in 2016. Lab ... on Spread of Aspergillus section flavi in Different Nepalese Maize Varieties. K. Bhusal. 1 and D. Khanal. 1. 1Institute of ... 3.1.2. Effect of Weevil on Spread of Aspergillus section flavi on Maize Storage. The effect of weevil on spread of A. flavus is ... on spread of green fungus, Aspergillus section flavi, in different varieties of stored maize in laboratory in 2016. Lab ...
We investigated the prevalence of azole resistance of Aspergillus fumigatus isolates in the Netherlands by screening clinical A ... Paradoxal Trends in Azole-Resistant Aspergillus fumigatus in a National Multicenter Surveillance Program, the Netherlands, 2013 ... Paradoxal Trends in Azole-Resistant Aspergillus fumigatus in a National Multicenter Surveillance Program, the Netherlands, 2013 ... Resistance profiles of 640 azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus isolates classified according to voriconazole clinical ...
GENETIC AND MORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF UNDIFFERENTIATED AND INVASIVE VARIANTS OF ASPERGILLUS NIDULANS. Gordon L. Dorn ... GENETIC AND MORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF UNDIFFERENTIATED AND INVASIVE VARIANTS OF ASPERGILLUS NIDULANS. Gordon L. Dorn ... GENETIC AND MORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF UNDIFFERENTIATED AND INVASIVE VARIANTS OF ASPERGILLUS NIDULANS. Gordon L. Dorn ... GENETIC AND MORPHOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF UNDIFFERENTIATED AND INVASIVE VARIANTS OF ASPERGILLUS NIDULANS ...
Calcium Binding in Alpha-Amylases: An X-Ray Diffraction Study at 2.1 Angstroms Resolution of Two Enzymes from Aspergillus. Boel ... Monoclinic crystals of a neutral alpha-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae, containing three molecules in the asymmetric unit, have ... Monoclinic crystals of a neutral alpha-amylase from Aspergillus oryzae, containing three molecules in the asymmetric unit, have ... STRUCTURE AND MOLECULAR MODEL REFINEMENT OF ASPERGILLUS ORYZAE (TAKA) ALPHA-AMYLASE: AN APPLICATION OF THE SIMULATED-ANNEALING ...
Crystal structure of the response regulator receiver domain of a signal transduction histidine kinase from Aspergillus oryzae ... Aspergillus oryzae (strain ATCC 42149 / RIB 40). Mutation(s): 0 Find proteins for Q2U940 (Aspergillus oryzae (strain ATCC 42149 ... Crystal structure of the response regulator receiver domain of a signal transduction histidine kinase from Aspergillus oryzae. ... Crystal structure of the response regulator receiver domain of a signal transduction histidine kinase from Aspergillus oryzae. ...
Aspergillus leporis is an anamorph species of the genus of Aspergillus. Aspergillus leporis produces leporin A and leporin B. ... "Aspergillus leporis". www.uniprot.org. "Aspergillus leporis States et Christensen, anamorph ATCC ® 16490&t". www.lgcstandards- ... Powell, edited by Keith A.; Renwick,, Annabel; Peberdy, John F. (1994). The Genus Aspergillus from taxonomy and genetics to ... ISBN 1-489-90981-8. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Machida, edited by Masayuki; Gomi, Katsuya (2010). Aspergillus ...
Aspergillus zonatus produces azonalenin and aszonapyrone A List of Aspergillus species "www.mycobank.org". "Aspergillus zonatus ... Aspergillus zonatus is a species of the genus of Aspergillus which has been isolated from forest soil in Costa Rica. ... by Robert A.; Pitt, John I. (2000). Integration of modern taxonomic methods for penicillium and aspergillus classification. ... Machida, edited by Masayuki; Gomi, Katsuya (2010). Aspergillus : molecular biology and genomics. Wymondham, Norfolk, UK: ...
Background Aspergillus fumigatusis the main causative agent of aspergillosis. Infections rarely occur in immunocompetent ... Other Aspergillus species (e.g. Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus tubingensis) also cause infections but to a ... Aspergillus alliaceus and aspergillus flavus co-infection in an acute myeloid leukemia patient. Med Mycol. 2010;48:995-9. https ... Expression profile analysis reveals that Aspergillus fumigatus but not Aspergillus niger makes type II epithelial lung cells ...
... a mycotoxin from the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. The researchers present their findings in the current issue of the ... The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus occurs virtually everywhere on Earth, as a dark grey, wrinkled cushion on damp walls or in ... Researchers find how Aspergillus fumigatus knocks out immune defenses. *Download PDF Copy ... This does not happen if the pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus is involved. As the Jena scientists were able to show, gliotoxin ...
Role of Aspergillus fumigatus DvrA in host cell interactions and virulence.. Ejzykowicz DE1, Solis NV, Gravelat FN, Chabot J, ... Alignment of DvrA orthologs from Aspergillus spp., Penicillium marneffei, and Coccidioides immitis with Candida albicans Bcr1. ... The transcription factors that regulate Aspergillus fumigatus interactions with host cells and virulence are incompletely ...
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Aspergillus sp. IBT 27921. ›Aspergillus sp. KACC 41955. ›Aspergillus sp. KACC 42090. ›Aspergillus turcosus S.B. Hong, Frisvad ...
Identification of a New Phenotype of Tolerogenic Human Dendritic Cells Induced by Fungal Proteases from Aspergillus oryzae. ... Identification of a New Phenotype of Tolerogenic Human Dendritic Cells Induced by Fungal Proteases from Aspergillus oryzae ... Identification of a New Phenotype of Tolerogenic Human Dendritic Cells Induced by Fungal Proteases from Aspergillus oryzae ... Identification of a New Phenotype of Tolerogenic Human Dendritic Cells Induced by Fungal Proteases from Aspergillus oryzae ...
Isolation of a sexual sporulation hormone from Aspergillus nidulans. Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ... Isolation of a sexual sporulation hormone from Aspergillus nidulans.. S P Champe, A A el-Zayat ...
Main conclusion Expressing an RNAi construct in maize kernels that targets the gene for alpha-amylase in Aspergillus flavus ... S1 Aspergillus flavus amy1 RNAi vector diagram. a amy1 nucleotide sequence showing RNAi target region. b Conserved domains in ... Aspergillus flavus is a saprophytic fungus and pathogen to several important food and feed crops, including maize. Once the ... RNA interference-based silencing of the alpha-amylase (amy1) gene in Aspergillus flavus decreases fungal growth and aflatoxin ...
Contamination of maize (Zea mays L.) with aflatoxin, produced by the fungus Aspergillus flavus Link, has severe health and ... Genome-Wide Association Mapping of and Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxin Accumulation Resistance in Maize. Crop Science. 55(5): 11 p ... Genome-Wide Association Mapping of and Aspergillus flavus Aflatoxin Accumulation Resistance in Maize ...
Aspergillus fumigatus. A. fumigatus causes more infections worldwide than any other mould. Four percent of all patients dying ... Genomic sequence of the pathogenic and allergenic filamentous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus.. Nierman WC, Pain A, Anderson MJ, ... Andrew Brass at the University of Manchester, were initially funded to carry out a pilot genomic analysis of Aspergillus ...
  • Interest in the selection of mutations affecting L-proline catabolism in Aspergillus nidulans is heightened by the involvement of one of the very few examples of a cluster of functionally related genes in an eukaryote and by an increasing awareness of the biological phenomena in which proline and proline catabolism participate. (cambridge.org)
  • Isolation of a sexual sporulation hormone from Aspergillus nidulans. (asm.org)
  • Two new Aspergillus nidulans group members from Wyoming soils. (springer.com)
  • We have shown that l -ornithine- N 5 -monooxygenase catalyzes the first committed step in biosynthesis of both triacetylfusarinine C (TAFC) and desferriferricrocin (DFFC), the two major siderophores of Aspergillus nidulans ( 18 ). (rupress.org)
  • To address these issues, we characterized the deletion mutant of a class III chitin synthase-encoding gene of Aspergillus nidulans , chsB , and investigated ChsB localization in the hyphae and conidiophores. (asm.org)
  • The abr2 gene product has homology to the laccase encoded by the yA gene of Aspergillus nidulans . (asm.org)
  • Recently, a novel YAP-like bZIP, restorer of secondary metabolism A (RsmA), was found in a suppressor screen of an Aspergillus nidulans secondary metabolism (SM) mutant in which overexpression of rsmA was found to partially remediate loss of SM in Velvet Complex mutants. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • However, strain-level identification utilizing only the most significant peaks results in 0% and 100% error for resubstitution and cross-validation, respectively. (cdc.gov)
  • OS Aspergillus carbonarius (strain ITEM 5010). (genome.jp)
  • Aspergillus fumigatus mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in maintaining the normal morphology of the cell wall and providing resistance against cell wall-damaging agents. (asm.org)
  • The lipid preparation is better tolerated and has longer dosing interval than inhaled amphotericin B. The investigators propose a pilot study to determine the long-term safety of inhaled AmBisome administration of drug and generate the preliminary data on the effectiveness of this drug to prevent aspergillus colonization. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To determine the safety of once weekly Inhaled AmBisome prophylaxis in preventing the development of Aspergillus colonization in lung transplant recipients at one year of prophylaxis. (clinicaltrials.gov)