The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
I'm afraid there seems to be a misunderstanding - "Africa" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, consisting of 54 countries with diverse cultures, peoples, languages, and landscapes. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to help answer those for you!
The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
I'm sorry for any confusion, but 'Europe' is a geographical continent and not a medical term; therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
A subregion of Asia, consisting of the Asian portion of Russia.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Uzbekistan" is a country located in Central Asia and it is not a medical term or concept. Therefore, it doesn't have a medical definition.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but there seems to be a misunderstanding as "South America" is not a medical term and cannot have a medical definition. It is a geographical term referring to the southern portion of the American continent, consisting of twelve independent countries and three territories of other nations.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Laos" is not a medical term; it is the name of a country located in Southeast Asia, officially known as the Lao People's Democratic Republic. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those!
While there isn't a specific medical definition for "North America," I can provide a geographical definition that is often used in public health and medical contexts: North America is the third largest continent by area, encompassing 23 independent states, including the United States, Canada, and Mexico, which are home to diverse populations, cultures, and ecosystems, and share common health-related challenges such as obesity, diabetes, and healthcare access disparities.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Kyrgyzstan" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition; it is the name of a country located in Central Asia, known officially as the Kyrgyz Republic.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "India" is not a medical term that can be defined in a medical context. It is a geographical location, referring to the Republic of India, a country in South Asia. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to help with those!
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Vietnam" is not a medical term that can be defined in a medical context; it is a country located in Southeast Asia. If you have any questions related to medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those topics for you.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Kazakhstan" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition; it is the name of a country located in Central Asia, known officially as the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)
The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Cambodia" is not a medical term that can be defined in a medical context. It is the name of a country located in Southeast Asia, known officially as the Kingdom of Cambodia. If you have any questions related to health, medicine, or science, I'd be happy to try and help answer those for you.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) is a highly contagious and severe viral disease in cloven-hoofed animals, characterized by fever, formation of vesicles and erosions in the mouth, on the tongue, lips, teats, and feet, causing significant economic losses in agriculture and livestock farming.
A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Philippines" is not a medical term; it is the name of a country located in Southeast Asia. It seems there might be some misunderstanding in your question. If you have a medical query related to the Philippines or its people, I'd be happy to help clarify that for you.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sri Lanka" is not a medical term that can be defined in a medical context; it is the name of a country located in South Asia, known for its diverse landscapes and rich biodiversity.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pakistan" is a country located in South Asia and it does not have a medical definition. If you have any medical question or term that you would like me to define, please provide it and I will be happy to help.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Singapore" is not a medical term or concept, it's a country in Southeast Asia. If you have any questions about medical topics, I'd be happy to try and help!
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Virulent bacteriophage and type species of the genus T4-like phages, in the family MYOVIRIDAE. It infects E. coli and is the best known of the T-even phages. Its virion contains linear double-stranded DNA, terminally redundant and circularly permuted.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.

Behaviours and expectations in relation to sexual intercourse among 18-20 year old Asians and non-Asians. (1/114)

OBJECTIVES: To begin to map the reported behaviours and attitudes of young Britons of south Asian origin that may have implications for sexual health. "South Asian" refers to people able to trace their ancestry from the Indian subcontinent (that is, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh), henceforth referred to as "Asian". DESIGN: A cross sectional study of sexual behaviour using self report measures in a self complete section of a social survey administered by trained interviewers in 1996. SETTING: Greater Glasgow, Scotland. SUBJECTS: Sample (n = 824) originally recruited aged 14-15 in 1992 in secondary schools in Greater Glasgow and subsequently traced through general practitioner registration for 1996 survey. 492 Asians and non-Asians aged 18-20 years old eventually interviewed in their own homes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self reported experience of sexual intercourse, age at first intercourse, and contraceptive practice over year before interview. METHODS: Measures of sexual behaviour and attitudes were elicited through a self complete questionnaire filled out in the presence of, and returned to, a trained social interviewer. RESULTS: Asians, and particularly Asian women, were far less likely to report having had heterosexual intercourse. Those Asian women who had had intercourse were likely to do so for the first time at an older age, and with an older partner, than the non-Asian women. Asian women were less likely to report using the pill than non-Asian women, irrespective of their marital status, and Asian men were less likely than non-Asian men to report using condoms. Asian sexual abstinence was reported to be for religious reasons, which were not important for non-Asians. In contrast with non-Asians, Asians saw themselves as likely to be married with children within the next 5 years. Asian men considered the ideal age to marry for men and women to be younger than the non-Asian men's average estimate. Asian and non-Asian women suggested a similar ideal age for men to marry, but Asian women considered a younger age appropriate for women than did non-Asian women. CONCLUSIONS: The higher level of sexual abstinence among Asians, and particularly women, has implications for the delivery of sexual health services to the minority who are sexually active before marriage. The underreporting of condom use by Asian men compared with their non-Asian counterparts, suggests a failure of the existing sexual health education and health services to reach minority ethnic young men which may be remedied by collaborative work with institutions currently used by the Asian community.  (+info)

Do Indo-Asians have smaller coronary arteries? (2/114)

There is a widespread belief that coronary arteries are smaller in Indo-Asians. The aim of the present study was to compare the size of atheroma-free proximal and distal epicardial coronary arteries of Indo-Asians and Caucasians. We analysed normal coronary angiograms from 77 Caucasians and 39 Indo-Asians. The two groups were comparable for dominance of the coronary arteries. Indo-Asian patients had generally smaller coronary arteries, with a statistically significant difference in the mean diameters of the left main coronary artery, proximal, mid and left anterior descending, and proximal and distal right coronary artery segments. There was a non-significant trend towards smaller coronary artery segment diameters for the distal left anterior descending, proximal and distal circumflex, and obtuse marginal artery segments. However, after correction for body surface area, none of these differences in size were statistically significant. Thus, the smaller coronary arteries in Indo-Asian patients were explained by body size alone and were not due to ethnic origin per se. This finding nevertheless has important therapeutic implications, since smaller coronary arteries may give rise to technical difficulties during bypass graft and intervention procedures such as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, stents and atherectomy. On smaller arteries, atheroma may also give an impression of more severe disease than on larger diameter arteries.  (+info)

Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--South-East Asia Region, 1998-1999. (3/114)

In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis by the end of 2000 (1). To achieve this goal, the 10 member countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region (SEAR) began implementing polio eradication strategies in 1994. In 1999, most polio cases worldwide were reported in SEAR (i.e., 48% of reported polio cases and 62% of cases with wild poliovirus isolation) (2,3). This report summarizes progress in achieving high routine and supplemental vaccination coverage, the surveillance of cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), and the impact of these activities on polio eradication in the region during 1998-1999.  (+info)

Y-chromosome lineages trace diffusion of people and languages in southwestern Asia. (4/114)

The origins and dispersal of farming and pastoral nomadism in southwestern Asia are complex, and there is controversy about whether they were associated with cultural transmission or demic diffusion. In addition, the spread of these technological innovations has been associated with the dispersal of Dravidian and Indo-Iranian languages in southwestern Asia. Here we present genetic evidence for the occurrence of two major population movements, supporting a model of demic diffusion of early farmers from southwestern Iran-and of pastoral nomads from western and central Asia-into India, associated with Dravidian and Indo-European-language dispersals, respectively.  (+info)

A signal, from human mtDNA, of postglacial recolonization in Europe. (5/114)

Mitochondrial HVS-I sequences from 10,365 subjects belonging to 56 populations/geographical regions of western Eurasia and northern Africa were first surveyed for the presence of the T-->C transition at nucleotide position 16298, a mutation which has previously been shown to characterize haplogroup V mtDNAs. All mtDNAs with this mutation were then screened for a number of diagnostic RFLP sites, revealing two major subsets of mtDNAs. One is haplogroup V proper, and the other has been termed "pre*V," since it predates V phylogenetically. The rather uncommon pre*V tends to be scattered throughout Europe (and northwestern Africa), whereas V attains two peaks of frequency: one situated in southwestern Europe and one in the Saami of northern Scandinavia. Geographical distributions and ages support the scenario that pre*V originated in Europe before the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), whereas the more recently derived haplogroup V arose in a southwestern European refugium soon after the LGM. The arrival of V in eastern/central Europe, however, occurred much later, possibly with (post-)Neolithic contacts. The distribution of haplogroup V mtDNAs in modern European populations would thus, at least in part, reflect the pattern of postglacial human recolonization from that refugium, affecting even the Saami. Overall, the present study shows that the dissection of mtDNA variation into small and well-defined evolutionary units is an essential step in the identification of spatial frequency patterns. Mass screening of a few markers identified using complete mtDNA sequences promises to be an efficient strategy for inferring features of human prehistory.  (+info)

Development of guidelines to facilitate improved support of South Asian carers by primary health care teams. (6/114)

BACKGROUND: Evidence based guidelines are regarded as an appropriate basis for providing effective health care, but few guidelines incorporate the views of users such as carers. AIM: To develop guidelines to assist primary health care teams (PHCTs) in their work with carers within South Asian communities. METHODS: The guidelines were drawn up by a development group consisting of members of teams in areas with South Asian communities (Leicester and Bradford). The teams were invited to make their recommendations based on a systematic review of literature on minority ethnic carers and the findings of a study of the needs and experiences of local South Asian carers. A grading system was devised to enable the teams and a group of expert peer reviewers to assess the quality of evidence in support of each recommendation. RESULTS: The teams agreed seven recommendations, graded according to available evidence and strength of opinion. External peer review supported the PHCTs' interpretation of evidence and their recommendations. The recommendations included consideration of communication and information for carers, coordination of care within teams, and recognition by team members of the roles of carers and their cultural and religious beliefs. CONCLUSION: There are particular steps that PHCTs can take to improve their support of South Asian carers. It is possible to develop guidelines that take users' views into account and incorporate evidence from qualitative studies.  (+info)

Perceptions of vocational trainees on gender and racial disadvantage within the Thames vocational training programme. (7/114)

BACKGROUND: A recent report has suggested that vocational trainees within London experienced racial or gender disadvantage during their selection. This exploratory study did not investigate the extent or the nature of this disadvantage. AIM: To undertake a survey using a pre-tested questionnaire with dental vocational trainees on the Thames Scheme. The questionnaire explored perceived and experienced aspects of gender and racial disadvantage during their vocational training programme. RESULTS: 127 trainees completed the questionnaire (response rate 92%). Minority ethnic respondents were more than twice as likely to feel their selection was influenced by gender (odds ratio [OR] 2.25, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.02, 5.10) and more than three times likely to feel selection was influenced by their race when compared with their white colleagues (OR 3.05, 95%; CI 1.01,11.45). The majority of trainees did not perceive any disadvantage whilst on the vocational training course. For example, only five respondents (4%) felt that minority ethnic individuals were treated less favourably during the vocational training course. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this preliminary study has attempted to explore inter-ethnic differences within the profession on perceived racial disadvantage and possible strategies for change. It is clear that the perception of disadvantage is greater than the reality within the experience of most trainees.  (+info)

DNA sequence variability of IGHG3 alleles associated to the main G3m haplotypes in human populations. (8/114)

The present study investigates the molecular basis of the G3m polymorphism expressed by the heavy constant domains of human immunoglobulins gamma 3 chains. By using a new protocol allowing the specific cloning of IGHG3 genes, a total of 51 full-length IGHG3 genomic sequences (about 2 kb) isolated from African, Siberian, West Asian and European population samples were sequenced. IGHG3 sequences were assigned precise G3m haplotypes on the basis of specific associations between G3m allotypes and IGHG3 RFLPs. Specific DNA substitutions involved in the expression of G3m(5), G3m(6), G3m(15), G3m(16), G3m(21), G3m(24) and G3m(28) allotypes were then deduced, elucidating almost completely the determination of the G3m polymorphism at the DNA level. The molecular evolution of G3m haplotypes was investigated by a maximum likelihood phylogeny of IGHG3 sequences. Sequence clusters are shown to be G3m haplotype-specific, corroborating the Gm molecular model deduced from serology, and showing that populations differentiation is much more recent than G3m haplotypes differentiation. The widely distributed G3m(5,10,11,13,14) haplotype is likely to be ancestral to the other G3m haplotypes presently found at high frequencies in different continental areas.  (+info)

I apologize for any confusion, but "Asia" is not a medical term. It is the largest continent in the world, comprising about 30% of the Earth's total land area and containing around 60% of the world's current human population. It is divided into several regions, including Northern Asia (Siberia), Eastern Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Taiwan), Southern Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Maldives), Southeastern Asia (Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Brunei), and Western Asia (Middle East).

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I'd be happy to help.

Southeast Asia is a geographical region that consists of the countries that are located at the southeastern part of the Asian continent. The definition of which countries comprise Southeast Asia may vary, but it generally includes the following 11 countries:

* Brunei
* Cambodia
* East Timor (Timor-Leste)
* Indonesia
* Laos
* Malaysia
* Myanmar (Burma)
* Philippines
* Singapore
* Thailand
* Vietnam

Southeast Asia is known for its rich cultural diversity, with influences from Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. The region is also home to a diverse range of ecosystems, including rainforests, coral reefs, and mountain ranges. In recent years, Southeast Asia has experienced significant economic growth and development, but the region still faces challenges related to poverty, political instability, and environmental degradation.

Central Asia is a geographical region in Asia that stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east, and from Russia in the north to Afghanistan in the south. It includes the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

The medical definition of Central Asia may refer to the epidemiology, healthcare systems, or health issues specific to this region. For example, Central Asia has a high prevalence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, hepatitis, and HIV/AIDS, due to various factors including poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and mobility of populations. In addition, non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes are also becoming more prevalent in Central Asia, partly due to lifestyle changes such as unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, and tobacco use.

Overall, the medical definition of Central Asia encompasses the unique health challenges and healthcare systems that exist within this geographical region.

"Western Asia" is a geographical region that is defined by the United Nations as one of the five sub-regions within the larger continent of Asia. It is also known as "Southwestern Asia" or the "Middle East." The UN definition includes the following countries:

* Armenia
* Azerbaijan
* Bahrain
* Cyprus
* Georgia
* Iraq
* Israel
* Jordan
* Kuwait
* Lebanon
* Oman
* State of Palestine
* Qatar
* Saudi Arabia
* Syria
* Turkey
* United Arab Emirates
* Yemen
* Islamic Republic of Iran (but sometimes considered part of Central Asia)

It is important to note that there are different definitions and interpretations of what constitutes "Western Asia" or the "Middle East," and some sources may include or exclude certain countries. Additionally, it's worth noting that cultural, historical, and political factors also play a role in defining this region, and the boundaries between Western Asia and other regions such as Central Asia, South Asia, and North Africa can be fluid and contested.

The term "Far East" is a geographical term that has been used historically to describe the easternmost part of Asia, including countries such as China, Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asian nations. However, it's important to note that the use of this term can be seen as outdated and culturally insensitive, as it originated during a time when Western powers viewed these regions as distant and exotic.

In medical contexts, "Far East" may be used to describe medical conditions or treatments specific to populations in this region. However, it is generally more appropriate to use the specific names of countries or regions when discussing medical issues related to these areas.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Africa" actually refers to a continent, not a medical condition or concept. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, consisting of 54 countries and a wide range of diverse ethnic groups, cultures, languages, and landscapes. It is home to a vast array of wildlife, including many species that are not found anywhere else in the world. If you have any questions about Africa's geography, history, or culture, I would be happy to try to help answer them!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Oceania" is not a medical term. It is a geographical term that refers to the region comprising of numerous countries and territories in the Pacific Ocean. This includes Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and many islands in the Pacific Ocean. If you have any questions related to medical terminology, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "geography" is not a term that has a medical definition. Geography is a field of study that deals with the location and distribution of physical and cultural features on Earth's surface, as well as how humans interact with and affect those features. It is not a concept that is typically used in a medical context. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pacific Islands" is a geographic term referring to the islands located in the Pacific Ocean, and it is not a medical term. It includes thousands of islands spread across the Pacific Ocean, which are categorized into three main groups: Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

If you have any medical terms you'd like defined, please let me know!

The "Americas" is a term used to refer to the combined landmasses of North America and South America, which are separated by the Isthmus of Panama. The Americas also include numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and Pacific Ocean. This region is home to a diverse range of cultures, ecosystems, and historical sites. It is named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci, who was one of the first Europeans to explore and map parts of South America in the late 15th century.

I'm not a medical professional, but the term "History, Ancient" is not a medical term per se. However, in a broader context, it could refer to the study of ancient medical practices, theories, and beliefs that existed in civilizations prior to the Middle Ages or Classical Antiquity. This might include the examination of ancient texts, artifacts, and archaeological evidence to understand how illnesses were treated and viewed in these historical periods. It forms an essential part of the evolution of medical knowledge and practices over time.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Thailand" is not a medical term. It is a country located in Southeast Asia. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those for you!

Emigration is the process of leaving one's country of origin or habitual residence to settle in another country. It involves giving up the rights and privileges associated with citizenship in the country of origin and acquiring new rights and responsibilities as a citizen or resident of the destination country. Emigrants are people who choose to leave their native land to live elsewhere, often driven by factors such as economic opportunities, political instability, or conflict.

Immigration, on the other hand, is the process of entering and settling in a new country with the intention of becoming a permanent resident or citizen. Immigrants are individuals who come from another country to live in a new place, often seeking better job opportunities, education, or quality of life. They must comply with the immigration laws and regulations of the host country and may be required to undergo medical examinations, background checks, and other screening processes before being granted permission to enter and reside in the country.

In summary, emigration refers to leaving one's home country, while immigration refers to entering and settling in a new country.

Genetic variation refers to the differences in DNA sequences among individuals and populations. These variations can result from mutations, genetic recombination, or gene flow between populations. Genetic variation is essential for evolution by providing the raw material upon which natural selection acts. It can occur within a single gene, between different genes, or at larger scales, such as differences in the number of chromosomes or entire sets of chromosomes. The study of genetic variation is crucial in understanding the genetic basis of diseases and traits, as well as the evolutionary history and relationships among species.

Australasia is not a medical term, but a geographical region that includes Australia, New Zealand, and the islands of the Pacific Ocean that are southwest of the Asian continent. It is sometimes used in a broader sense to include Papua New Guinea, the eastern islands of Indonesia, and the island nations of the South Pacific.

Therefore, there is no medical definition for 'Australasia'. However, it is important to note that Australia and New Zealand have well-developed healthcare systems and high standards of medical care, while some of the smaller island nations in the region may have more limited resources and access to medical services.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Europe" is a geographical and political designation, rather than a medical one. It refers to the continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Europe is made up of approximately 50 countries, depending on how one defines a "country."

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I'd be happy to help answer them!

Human Y chromosomes are one of the two sex-determining chromosomes in humans (the other being the X chromosome). They are found in the 23rd pair of human chromosomes and are significantly smaller than the X chromosome.

The Y chromosome is passed down from father to son through the paternal line, and it plays a crucial role in male sex determination. The SRY gene (sex-determining region Y) on the Y chromosome initiates the development of male sexual characteristics during embryonic development.

In addition to the SRY gene, the human Y chromosome contains several other genes that are essential for sperm production and male fertility. However, the Y chromosome has a much lower gene density compared to other chromosomes, with only about 80 protein-coding genes, making it one of the most gene-poor chromosomes in the human genome.

Because of its small size and low gene density, the Y chromosome is particularly susceptible to genetic mutations and deletions, which can lead to various genetic disorders and male infertility. Nonetheless, the Y chromosome remains a critical component of human genetics and evolution, providing valuable insights into sex determination, inheritance patterns, and human diversity.

Northern Asia, also known as North Asia or Siberia, is not a formally defined region in terms of medical geography. However, in general usage, it refers to the vast northern part of the Asian continent, covering areas such as Russia (east of the Ural Mountains), Mongolia, and some parts of Northern China (north of the Yangtze River).

In terms of medical relevance, Northern Asia is home to a diverse range of populations, climates, and environments, which can all impact health outcomes and disease patterns. For example, certain regions in Northern Asia have high rates of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and hepatitis, while others have high rates of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Additionally, the region's harsh climate and remote geography can pose challenges to accessing healthcare services, particularly in rural areas.

It is important to note that medical research and public health initiatives in Northern Asia may vary depending on the specific countries and regions involved, and further investigation would be needed to provide a more detailed medical definition of this region.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Uzbekistan" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in Central Asia. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Population Genetics is a subfield of genetics that deals with the genetic composition of populations and how this composition changes over time. It involves the study of the frequency and distribution of genes and genetic variations in populations, as well as the evolutionary forces that contribute to these patterns, such as mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, and natural selection.

Population genetics can provide insights into a wide range of topics, including the history and relationships between populations, the genetic basis of diseases and other traits, and the potential impacts of environmental changes on genetic diversity. This field is important for understanding evolutionary processes at the population level and has applications in areas such as conservation biology, medical genetics, and forensic science.

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is the genetic material present in the mitochondria, which are specialized structures within cells that generate energy. Unlike nuclear DNA, which is present in the cell nucleus and inherited from both parents, mtDNA is inherited solely from the mother.

MtDNA is a circular molecule that contains 37 genes, including 13 genes that encode for proteins involved in oxidative phosphorylation, a process that generates energy in the form of ATP. The remaining genes encode for rRNAs and tRNAs, which are necessary for protein synthesis within the mitochondria.

Mutations in mtDNA can lead to a variety of genetic disorders, including mitochondrial diseases, which can affect any organ system in the body. These mutations can also be used in forensic science to identify individuals and establish biological relationships.

A haplotype is a group of genes or DNA sequences that are inherited together from a single parent. It refers to a combination of alleles (variant forms of a gene) that are located on the same chromosome and are usually transmitted as a unit. Haplotypes can be useful in tracing genetic ancestry, understanding the genetic basis of diseases, and developing personalized medical treatments.

In population genetics, haplotypes are often used to study patterns of genetic variation within and between populations. By comparing haplotype frequencies across populations, researchers can infer historical events such as migrations, population expansions, and bottlenecks. Additionally, haplotypes can provide information about the evolutionary history of genes and genomic regions.

In clinical genetics, haplotypes can be used to identify genetic risk factors for diseases or to predict an individual's response to certain medications. For example, specific haplotypes in the HLA gene region have been associated with increased susceptibility to certain autoimmune diseases, while other haplotypes in the CYP450 gene family can affect how individuals metabolize drugs.

Overall, haplotypes provide a powerful tool for understanding the genetic basis of complex traits and diseases, as well as for developing personalized medical treatments based on an individual's genetic makeup.

"World Health" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, it is often used in the context of global health, which can be defined as:

"The area of study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide. It emphasizes trans-national health issues, determinants, and solutions; involves many disciplines within and beyond the health sciences and engages stakeholders from across sectors and societies." (World Health Organization)

Therefore, "world health" could refer to the overall health status and health challenges faced by populations around the world. It encompasses a broad range of factors that affect the health of individuals and communities, including social, economic, environmental, and political determinants. The World Health Organization (WHO) plays a key role in monitoring and promoting global health, setting international standards and guidelines, and coordinating responses to global health emergencies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Siberia" is not a medical term. It's a geographical region in Russia, known for its harsh, cold climate and vast wilderness. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I'd be happy to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "South America" is not a medical term. It is a geographical term that refers to the southern portion of the Americas, which is a continent in the Western Hemisphere. South America is generally defined as including the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela, as well as the overseas departments and territories of French Guiana (France), and the Falkland Islands (UK).

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help answer them for you.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Laos" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, located in Southeast Asia. If you have any questions about medical terms or health-related topics, I'd be happy to try and help answer them!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "North America" is not a medical term. It is a geographical term that refers to the third largest continent in the world, which includes countries such as the United States, Canada, and Mexico, among others. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health topics, I'd be happy to help with those!

DNA Sequence Analysis is the systematic determination of the order of nucleotides in a DNA molecule. It is a critical component of modern molecular biology, genetics, and genetic engineering. The process involves determining the exact order of the four nucleotide bases - adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T) - in a DNA molecule or fragment. This information is used in various applications such as identifying gene mutations, studying evolutionary relationships, developing molecular markers for breeding, and diagnosing genetic diseases.

The process of DNA Sequence Analysis typically involves several steps, including DNA extraction, PCR amplification (if necessary), purification, sequencing reaction, and electrophoresis. The resulting data is then analyzed using specialized software to determine the exact sequence of nucleotides.

In recent years, high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized the field of genomics, enabling the rapid and cost-effective sequencing of entire genomes. This has led to an explosion of genomic data and new insights into the genetic basis of many diseases and traits.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Myanmar" is not a medical term or condition. It is the name of a country in Southeast Asia, also known as Burma. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

I am not aware of a specific medical definition for the term "China." Generally, it is used to refer to:

1. The People's Republic of China (PRC), which is a country in East Asia. It is the most populous country in the world and the fourth largest by geographical area. Its capital city is Beijing.
2. In a historical context, "China" was used to refer to various dynasties and empires that existed in East Asia over thousands of years. The term "Middle Kingdom" or "Zhongguo" (中国) has been used by the Chinese people to refer to their country for centuries.
3. In a more general sense, "China" can also be used to describe products or goods that originate from or are associated with the People's Republic of China.

If you have a specific context in which you encountered the term "China" related to medicine, please provide it so I can give a more accurate response.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Middle East" is not a medical term. It is a geographical region that includes countries such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, Turkey, Egypt, and others. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Mongolia" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in Central Asia. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "travel" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. In general, travel refers to the act of moving or journeying from one place to another, often over long distances. However, in a medical context, it might refer to the recommendation that individuals with certain medical conditions or those who are immunocompromised avoid traveling to areas where they may be at increased risk of exposure to infectious diseases. It's always best to check with a healthcare professional for advice related to specific medical situations and travel.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Indonesia" is not a medical term. It is a country located in Southeast Asia and Oceania, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Kyrgyzstan" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in Central Asia. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

I believe you may have made a typo in your question. "Archaeology" is the scientific study of past human cultures and societies through the recovery, examination, and analysis of material remains such as artifacts, buildings, biofacts (e.g., bones, shells), and cultural landscapes. It is not typically associated with medical definitions. If you intended to ask for a different term related to medicine or healthcare, please let me know so I can provide the correct information.

For more information about archaeology, you may be interested in visiting the World Archaeological Congress () or the Society for American Archaeology () websites to learn more about this fascinating field of study.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "India" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country in South Asia, the second-most populous country in the world, known for its rich history, diverse culture, and numerous contributions to various fields including medicine. If you have any questions related to medical topics, I would be happy to help answer them!

The term "developing countries" is a socio-economic classification used to describe nations that are in the process of industrialization and modernization. This term is often used interchangeably with "low and middle-income countries" or "Global South." The World Bank defines developing countries as those with a gross national income (GNI) per capita of less than US $12,695.

In the context of healthcare, developing countries face unique challenges including limited access to quality medical care, lack of resources and infrastructure, high burden of infectious diseases, and a shortage of trained healthcare professionals. These factors contribute to significant disparities in health outcomes between developing and developed nations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Vietnam" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in Southeast Asia. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terminology, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

I'm happy to help! However, it looks like there might be a bit of confusion in your question. "Human migration" is not a medical term per se, but rather a sociological or anthropological concept that refers to the large-scale movement of human populations from one area to another.

That being said, human migration can certainly have significant impacts on health and healthcare systems, both for the migrating populations themselves and for the communities they move into. For example, migrants may face language barriers, discrimination, or other challenges that affect their access to care, while also potentially bringing new diseases or health risks into a community.

In summary, while "human migration" is not a medical definition in and of itself, it is an important concept to consider in the context of public health and healthcare delivery.

The term "Asian Continental Ancestry Group" is a medical/ethnic classification used to describe a person's genetic background and ancestry. According to this categorization, individuals with origins in the Asian continent are grouped together. This includes populations from regions such as East Asia (e.g., China, Japan, Korea), South Asia (e.g., India, Pakistan, Bangladesh), Southeast Asia (e.g., Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand), and Central Asia (e.g., Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan). It is important to note that this broad categorization may not fully capture the genetic diversity within these regions or accurately reflect an individual's specific ancestral origins.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "geological processes" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Geological processes refer to the natural events that shape the Earth's surface and interior over time, such as volcanic activity, plate tectonics, erosion, and sedimentation. These processes are studied within the field of geology. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I would be happy to try to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Kazakhstan" is not a medical term or concept. It is the world's largest landlocked country, located in Central Asia. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Polynesia" is not a medical term. It is a geographical region in the Pacific Ocean, consisting of numerous island countries and territories. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV) is a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA virus belonging to the family Picornaviridae and the genus Aphthovirus. It is the causative agent of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD), a highly contagious and severe viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and buffalo. The virus can be transmitted through direct contact with infected animals or their bodily fluids, as well as through aerosolized particles in the air. FMDV has seven distinct serotypes (O, A, C, Asia 1, and South African Territories [SAT] 1, 2, and 3), and infection with one serotype does not provide cross-protection against other serotypes. The virus primarily targets the animal's epithelial tissues, causing lesions and blisters in and around the mouth, feet, and mammary glands. FMD is not a direct threat to human health but poses significant economic consequences for the global livestock industry due to its high infectivity and morbidity rates.

Northern Africa is a geographical region that broadly consists of the countries of the African Transverse, which are Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, and Western Sahara. Sometimes, it may also include Sudan, South Sudan, and Mauritania. This region is characterized by its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas Mountains, as well as its unique cultural and historical heritage. Northern Africa has a diverse climate, with a hot, dry desert climate in the interior and a milder, wetter climate along the coasts. The major languages spoken in this region include Arabic, Berber, and French.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Malaysia" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country located in Southeast Asia, consisting of thirteen states and three federal territories. If you have any questions about Malaysia's geography, culture, or people, I would be happy to try to help answer those! However, if you have a question related to medicine or healthcare, please provide more details so I can give you an accurate and helpful response.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Cambodia" is not a medical term or concept. It is the name of a country located in Southeast Asia, bordered by Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and the Gulf of Thailand. The capital city of Cambodia is Phnom Penh.

If you have any questions related to healthcare, medical conditions, treatments, or other health-related topics, I would be happy to help you with those!

In medical terms, "fossils" do not have a specific or direct relevance to the field. However, in a broader scientific context, fossils are the remains or impressions of prehistoric organisms preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock. They offer valuable evidence about the Earth's history and the life forms that existed on it millions of years ago.

Paleopathology is a subfield of paleontology that deals with the study of diseases in fossils, which can provide insights into the evolution of diseases and human health over time.

Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus from the Togaviridae family that is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes, primarily Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. The name "Chikungunya" is derived from a Makonde word meaning "to become contorted," which describes the stooped posture developed as a result of severe arthralgia (joint pain) that is a primary symptom of infection with this virus.

CHIKV infection typically causes a febrile illness, characterized by an abrupt onset of high fever, severe joint pain, muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. While the symptoms are usually self-limiting and resolve within 10 days, some individuals may experience persistent or recurring joint pain for several months or even years after the initial infection.

There is no specific antiviral treatment available for Chikungunya virus infection, and management primarily focuses on relieving symptoms with rest, fluids, and over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Prevention measures include avoiding mosquito bites through the use of insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, staying in air-conditioned or screened rooms, and eliminating standing water where mosquitoes breed.

Chikungunya virus is found primarily in Africa, Asia, and the Indian subcontinent, but it has also caused outbreaks in Europe and the Americas due to the spread of its vectors, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. The virus can cause large-scale epidemics, with millions of cases reported during outbreaks. There is currently no approved vaccine for Chikungunya virus infection.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Latin America" is not a medical term. It is a geographical and cultural region that includes parts of North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean where Romance languages (Spanish, Portuguese, and French) are predominantly spoken. The term does not have a specific medical relevance or definition.

"Africa South of the Sahara" is a term commonly used in medical and scientific literature to refer to the region of the African continent that lies south of the Sahara Desert. This region includes 48 countries, with a population of over 1 billion people, and is characterized by its tropical or subtropical climate, diverse cultures, and unique health challenges.

The term "South of the Sahara" is used to distinguish this region from North Africa, which is predominantly Arab and Berber in culture and has closer ties to the Middle East than to Sub-Saharan Africa. The Sahara Desert serves as a natural geographical boundary between these two regions.

In medical terms, "Africa South of the Sahara" encompasses a wide range of health issues, including infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and Ebola, which are prevalent in many parts of the region. The area also faces challenges related to maternal and child health, nutrition, water and sanitation, and non-communicable diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

Medical research and interventions focused on "Africa South of the Sahara" aim to address these unique health challenges and improve the overall health outcomes of the population in this region.

I'm not aware of a medical definition specifically for "Borneo." Borneo is the third-largest island in the world, located in Southeast Asia and divided among three countries: Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei. It has a rich biodiversity with many plant and animal species, some of which have been studied in medical or scientific research. However, there is no established medical definition for "Borneo" itself.

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and buffalo. The virus can also infect wild animals like deer and antelope. FMD is not a direct threat to human health but may have significant economic impacts due to restrictions on trade and movement of infected animals.

The disease is characterized by fever, blister-like sores (vesicles) in the mouth, on the tongue, lips, gums, teats, and between the hooves. The vesicles can rupture, causing painful erosions that make it difficult for affected animals to eat, drink, or walk. In severe cases, FMD can lead to death, particularly among young animals.

The causative agent of foot-and-mouth disease is the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which belongs to the Picornaviridae family and Aphthovirus genus. There are seven serotypes of FMDV: O, A, C, Asia 1, and South African Territories (SAT) 1, SAT 2, and SAT 3. Infection with one serotype does not provide cross-protection against other serotypes.

Prevention and control measures for foot-and-mouth disease include vaccination, quarantine, movement restrictions, disinfection, and culling of infected animals in severe outbreaks. Rapid detection and response are crucial to prevent the spread of FMD within and between countries.

Japanese encephalitis is a viral inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Culex mosquitoes, particularly in rural and agricultural areas. The majority of JE cases occur in children under the age of 15. Most people infected with JEV do not develop symptoms, but some may experience mild symptoms such as fever, headache, and vomiting. In severe cases, JEV can cause high fever, neck stiffness, seizures, confusion, and coma. There is no specific treatment for Japanese encephalitis, and care is focused on managing symptoms and supporting the patient's overall health. Prevention measures include vaccination and avoiding mosquito bites in endemic areas.

'Avian influenza' refers to the infection caused by avian (bird) influenza A viruses. These viruses occur naturally among wild aquatic birds worldwide and can infect domestic poultry and other bird and animal species. Avian influenza viruses do not normally infect humans, but rare cases of human infection have occurred mainly after close contact with infected birds or heavily contaminated environments.

There are many different subtypes of avian influenza viruses based on two proteins on the surface of the virus: hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA). There are 16 known HA subtypes and 9 known NA subtypes, creating a vast number of possible combinations. Some of these combinations cause severe disease and death in birds (e.g., H5N1, H7N9), while others only cause mild illness (e.g., H9N2).

Most avian influenza viruses do not infect humans. However, some forms are zoonotic, meaning they can infect animals and humans. The risk to human health is generally low. When human infections with avian influenza viruses have occurred, most have resulted from direct contact with infected poultry or surfaces contaminated by their feces.

Avian influenza viruses have caused several pandemics in the past, including the 1918 Spanish flu (H1N1), which was an H1N1 virus containing genes of avian origin. The concern is that a highly pathogenic avian influenza virus could mutate to become easily transmissible from human to human, leading to another pandemic. This is one of the reasons why avian influenza viruses are closely monitored by public health authorities worldwide.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Melanesia" is not a medical term. It is a geographical region in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, consisting of an island group including New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and the Fiji islands. The term "Melanesia" comes from the Greek words "melas," meaning black, and "nesos," meaning island, referring to the dark skin of the inhabitants. It's primarily used in anthropological, geographical, and cultural contexts.

Molecular evolution is the process of change in the DNA sequence or protein structure over time, driven by mechanisms such as mutation, genetic drift, gene flow, and natural selection. It refers to the evolutionary study of changes in DNA, RNA, and proteins, and how these changes accumulate and lead to new species and diversity of life. Molecular evolution can be used to understand the history and relationships among different organisms, as well as the functional consequences of genetic changes.

'Burkholderia pseudomallei' is a Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium that is the causative agent of melioidosis. It is found in soil and water in tropical and subtropical regions, particularly in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. The bacterium can infect humans and animals through inhalation, ingestion, or direct contact with contaminated soil or water. Melioidosis can cause a wide range of symptoms, including pneumonia, sepsis, and abscesses in various organs. It is a serious and potentially fatal disease, especially in people with underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, kidney disease, or compromised immune systems. Proper diagnosis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics are essential for managing melioidosis.

"Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype" is a specific subtype of the Influenza A virus that is often found in avian species (birds) and can occasionally infect humans. The "H5N1" refers to the specific proteins (hemagglutinin and neuraminidase) found on the surface of the virus. This subtype has caused serious infections in humans, with high mortality rates, especially in cases where people have had close contact with infected birds. It does not commonly spread from person to person, but there is concern that it could mutate and adapt to efficiently transmit between humans, which would potentially cause a pandemic.

A disease outbreak is defined as the occurrence of cases of a disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a given time and place. It may affect a small and localized group or a large number of people spread over a wide area, even internationally. An outbreak may be caused by a new agent, a change in the agent's virulence or host susceptibility, or an increase in the size or density of the host population.

Outbreaks can have significant public health and economic impacts, and require prompt investigation and control measures to prevent further spread of the disease. The investigation typically involves identifying the source of the outbreak, determining the mode of transmission, and implementing measures to interrupt the chain of infection. This may include vaccination, isolation or quarantine, and education of the public about the risks and prevention strategies.

Examples of disease outbreaks include foodborne illnesses linked to contaminated food or water, respiratory infections spread through coughing and sneezing, and mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika virus and West Nile virus. Outbreaks can also occur in healthcare settings, such as hospitals and nursing homes, where vulnerable populations may be at increased risk of infection.

Melioidosis is a bacterial infection caused by the soil-dwelling gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei. The disease primarily occurs in tropical areas such as Southeast Asia and northern Australia. It can present with a wide range of clinical manifestations including acute septicemia, pneumonia, and chronic suppurative infection. Risk factors for melioidosis include diabetes mellitus, renal disease, alcoholism, and lung disease. The diagnosis is confirmed by culturing B. pseudomallei from clinical specimens such as blood, sputum, or pus. Treatment typically involves a prolonged course of antibiotics, including intravenous ceftazidime followed by oral trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Philippines" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in Southeast Asia, comprised of over 7,000 islands. If you have any questions about medical conditions or terms, I would be happy to help clarify those for you.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sri Lanka" is not a medical term or concept. Sri Lanka is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, south of India. It is known for its diverse landscapes ranging from rainforests and arid plains to highlands and sandy beaches.

If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try and help answer them!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Pakistan" is a country in South Asia and not a medical term or condition. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I would be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Singapore" is not a medical term or concept. It is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia. If you have any questions related to medical topics or definitions, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

A gene pool refers to the total sum of genes contained within a population of interbreeding individuals of a species. It includes all the variations of genes, or alleles, that exist in that population. The concept of a gene pool is important in understanding genetic diversity and how traits are passed down from one generation to the next.

The size and diversity of a gene pool can have significant implications for the long-term survival and adaptability of a species. A larger and more diverse gene pool can provide a species with greater resistance to diseases, environmental changes, and other threats, as there is a wider variety of traits and genetic combinations available. On the other hand, a smaller or less diverse gene pool may make a species more susceptible to genetic disorders, reduced fitness, and extinction.

Geneticists and population biologists often study gene pools to understand the evolutionary history and dynamics of populations, as well as to inform conservation efforts for endangered species.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "International Cooperation" is not a medical term. It refers to the collaboration and exchange of resources and information between countries or international organizations in various fields, including politics, economics, culture, environment, and security, among others. In the context of healthcare and medicine, international cooperation can involve joint research projects, sharing of data and clinical trial results, collaborative efforts to combat global health issues (such as infectious diseases or chronic conditions), capacity building in low-resource settings, and standardizing medical practices and guidelines across countries.

Genotype, in genetics, refers to the complete heritable genetic makeup of an individual organism, including all of its genes. It is the set of instructions contained in an organism's DNA for the development and function of that organism. The genotype is the basis for an individual's inherited traits, and it can be contrasted with an individual's phenotype, which refers to the observable physical or biochemical characteristics of an organism that result from the expression of its genes in combination with environmental influences.

It is important to note that an individual's genotype is not necessarily identical to their genetic sequence. Some genes have multiple forms called alleles, and an individual may inherit different alleles for a given gene from each parent. The combination of alleles that an individual inherits for a particular gene is known as their genotype for that gene.

Understanding an individual's genotype can provide important information about their susceptibility to certain diseases, their response to drugs and other treatments, and their risk of passing on inherited genetic disorders to their offspring.

Japanese Encephalitis Virus (JEV) is a type of flavivirus that is the causative agent of Japanese encephalitis, a mosquito-borne viral infection of the brain. The virus is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected Culex species mosquitoes, particularly Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex gelidus.

JEV is endemic in many parts of Asia, including China, Japan, Korea, India, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam. It is estimated to cause around 68,000 clinical cases and 13,000-20,000 deaths each year. The virus is maintained in a transmission cycle between mosquitoes and vertebrate hosts, primarily pigs and wading birds.

Most JEV infections are asymptomatic or result in mild symptoms such as fever, headache, and muscle aches. However, in some cases, the infection can progress to severe encephalitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the brain, leading to neurological symptoms such as seizures, tremors, paralysis, and coma. The case fatality rate for Japanese encephalitis is estimated to be 20-30%, and around half of those who survive have significant long-term neurological sequelae.

Prevention of JEV infection includes the use of insect repellent, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding outdoor activities during peak mosquito feeding times. Vaccination is also an effective means of preventing Japanese encephalitis, and vaccines are available for travelers to endemic areas as well as for residents of those areas.

Alphavirus infections refer to a group of diseases caused by viruses belonging to the Alphavirus genus of the Togaviridae family. These viruses are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes, and can cause a range of symptoms depending on the specific virus and the individual's immune response.

Some of the more common alphaviruses that cause human disease include:

* Chikungunya virus (CHIKV): This virus is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes and can cause a fever, rash, and severe joint pain. While most people recover from CHIKV infection within a few weeks, some may experience long-term joint pain and inflammation.
* Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV): This virus is transmitted by mosquitoes that feed on both birds and mammals, including humans. EEEV can cause severe neurological symptoms such as fever, headache, seizures, and coma. It has a high mortality rate of up to 30-50% in infected individuals.
* Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV): This virus is also transmitted by mosquitoes that feed on both birds and mammals. WEEV can cause mild flu-like symptoms or more severe neurological symptoms such as fever, headache, and seizures. It has a lower mortality rate than EEEV but can still cause significant illness.
* Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV): This virus is transmitted by mosquitoes that feed on horses and other mammals, including humans. VEEV can cause mild flu-like symptoms or more severe neurological symptoms such as fever, headache, and seizures. It is considered a potential bioterrorism agent due to its ability to cause severe illness and death in large populations.

There are no specific treatments for alphavirus infections other than supportive care to manage symptoms. Prevention measures include avoiding mosquito bites through the use of insect repellent, wearing long sleeves and pants, and staying indoors during peak mosquito hours. Public health efforts also focus on reducing mosquito populations through environmental controls such as eliminating standing water and using insecticides.

Gene flow, also known as genetic migration or gene admixture, refers to the transfer of genetic variation from one population to another. It occurs when individuals reproduce and exchange genes with members of other populations through processes such as migration and interbreeding. This can result in an alteration of the genetic composition of both populations, increasing genetic diversity and reducing the differences between them. Gene flow is an important mechanism in evolutionary biology and population genetics, contributing to the distribution and frequency of alleles (versions of a gene) within and across populations.

Bacteriophage T4, also known as T4 phage, is a type of virus that infects and replicates within the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli). It is one of the most well-studied bacteriophages and has been used as a model organism in molecular biology research for many decades.

T4 phage has a complex structure, with an icosahedral head that contains its genetic material (DNA) and a tail that attaches to the host cell and injects the DNA inside. The T4 phage genome is around 169 kilobases in length and encodes approximately 289 proteins.

Once inside the host cell, the T4 phage DNA takes over the bacterial machinery to produce new viral particles. The host cell eventually lyses (bursts), releasing hundreds of new phages into the environment. T4 phage is a lytic phage, meaning that it only replicates through the lytic cycle and does not integrate its genome into the host's chromosome.

T4 phage has been used in various applications, including bacterial typing, phage therapy, and genetic engineering. Its study has contributed significantly to our understanding of molecular biology, genetics, and virology.

Microsatellite repeats, also known as short tandem repeats (STRs), are repetitive DNA sequences made up of units of 1-6 base pairs that are repeated in a head-to-tail manner. These repeats are spread throughout the human genome and are highly polymorphic, meaning they can have different numbers of repeat units in different individuals.

Microsatellites are useful as genetic markers because of their high degree of variability. They are commonly used in forensic science to identify individuals, in genealogy to trace ancestry, and in medical research to study genetic diseases and disorders. Mutations in microsatellite repeats have been associated with various neurological conditions, including Huntington's disease and fragile X syndrome.

Biological evolution is the change in the genetic composition of populations of organisms over time, from one generation to the next. It is a process that results in descendants differing genetically from their ancestors. Biological evolution can be driven by several mechanisms, including natural selection, genetic drift, gene flow, and mutation. These processes can lead to changes in the frequency of alleles (variants of a gene) within populations, resulting in the development of new species and the extinction of others over long periods of time. Biological evolution provides a unifying explanation for the diversity of life on Earth and is supported by extensive evidence from many different fields of science, including genetics, paleontology, comparative anatomy, and biogeography.

Hominidae, also known as the "great apes," is a family of primates that includes humans (Homo sapiens), orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), gorillas (Gorilla gorilla and Gorilla beringei), bonobos (Pan paniscus), and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). This family is characterized by their upright walking ability, although not all members exhibit this trait. Hominidae species are known for their high intelligence, complex social structures, and expressive facial features. They share a common ancestor with the Old World monkeys, and fossil records suggest that this split occurred around 25 million years ago.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection that is primarily transmitted by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species of mosquitoes. It is caused by one of four closely related dengue viruses (DENV 1, DENV 2, DENV 3, or DENV 4). The infection can cause a wide range of symptoms, ranging from mild fever and headache to severe flu-like illness, which is often characterized by the sudden onset of high fever, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea, vomiting, and skin rash. In some cases, dengue can progress to more severe forms, such as dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly and appropriately.

Dengue is prevalent in many tropical and subtropical regions around the world, particularly in urban and semi-urban areas with poor sanitation and inadequate mosquito control. There is no specific treatment for dengue, and prevention efforts focus on reducing mosquito populations and avoiding mosquito bites. Vaccines are available in some countries to prevent dengue infection, but they are not widely used due to limitations in their effectiveness and safety.

South East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Asia remained embedded in a world economic, financial, and military ... British colonies in South Asia, East Asia, And Southeast Asia: British Burma (1824-1948, merged with India by the British from ... The Western European stake in Asia remained confined largely to trading stations and strategic outposts necessary to protect ... As the United States emerged as a new imperial power in the Pacific and Asia, one of the two oldest Western imperialist powers ...
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The Snipe Western Hemisphere and Asia Championship is an international sailing regatta in the Snipe class. The fleet of winning ... The Western Hemisphere & Orient Championship and the European Championship are the main competitions after the Worlds. Five ... Hayward Western Hemisphere Trophy Deed of Gift Sail 1Design September 13, 2014 Results Website (Articles needing additional ... It was named Snipe Western Hemisphere & Orient Championship until 2023. It is sailed every two years (even years), on alternate ...
Oikonyms in Western, Central, South, and Southeast Asia can be grouped according to various components, reflecting common ... Southworth, Franklin C. (2004). Linguistic Archaeology of South Asia. Routledge. ISBN 9781134317776. (Harv and Sfn no-target ... The Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia: Language, Material Culture and Ethnicity. Indian philology and South Asian studies. Vol ...
In Western Asia, there are 67 cultural, 1 natural, and 3 mixed sites. The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a site ... While Egypt is partially in Western Asia, its World Heritage Sites are listed under Africa instead. One site is located in ... of Western Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Saudi ... World Heritage Sites in Asia, Lists of World Heritage Sites, West Asia). ...
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The United National Liberation Front of Western South East Asia (UNLFW) is a united front of armed separatist groups in India ...
This is a List of political parties in Western Asia by country, linking to the country list of parties and the political system ...
Haplogroup O is a primary descendant of haplogroup NO-M214 typical throughout the regions of East Asia, Southeast Asia, and ... Western New Guinea, also known as Papua, Indonesian New Guinea, Indonesian Papua, is the western, Indonesian half of the island ... "Western New Guinea", Nugini Barat, is currently only used in historical contexts such as kampanye Nugini Barat "Western New ... with the exception of Western New Guinea. The Dutch, however, retained sovereignty over Western New Guinea (Dutch New Guinea) ...
"Western Asia. Mission to the Armenians". Annual Report of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Boston, MA ...
Western China. Eranthis cilicica. Southwestern Asia. Eranthis hyemalis. Southern Europe. Eranthis lobulata. Western China. ... Central Asia. Eranthis pinnatifida. Japan. Eranthis sibirica. Northern Asia. Eranthis stellata. Eastern Asia (northern China, ... native to southern Europe and east across Asia to Japan. The common name winter aconite comes from the early flowering time and ...
Some of the states conquered were Geng (耿), Huo (霍), old Wei (魏), Yu (虞) and Western Guo. His death led to a succession ... 505-. ISBN 978-0-8047-6575-6. Asia Major. Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica. 1995. p. 57. R. W. L. ... Western Washington. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-914584-90-2. Jo-Shui Chen (2 November 2006). Liu Tsung-yüan and Intellectual Change in ... an area of the Wei River Valley that was the heartland of the Western Zhou and later of the Qin. To the south are the Zhongtiao ...
D. himalayensis). Western Himalaya. Dactylis glomerata subsp. hispanica (syn. D. hispanica). Mediterranean, SW Asia. Dactylis ... Bunchgrasses of Asia, Bunchgrasses of Europe, Flora of temperate Asia, Flora of North Africa, Grasses of India, Grasses of ... D. marina). Western Mediterranean region, Iberia, Canary Islands. Dactylis glomerata subsp. reichenbachii. Italy. Dactylis ... temperate Asia, and northern Africa. Dactylis glomerata occurs from sea level in the north of its range, to as high as 4,000 ...
"West India - Madhya Pradesh". Asia-Planet. Nilsen 2010, p. 205. Pandeya & Lieth 2012, p. 219. Rothermund 1993, pp. 190-193. " ... Western India may also refer to the western half of India, i.e. all the states west of Delhi and Chennai, thus also including ... Western India is a loosely defined region of India consisting of western states of Republic of India. The Ministry of Home ... Roughly, western India is bounded by the Thar Desert in the north, the Vindhya Range in the east and north and the Arabian Sea ...
"About AFL Asia". "FOOTBALL IN JAPAN". The Mirror. Vol. 5, no. 265. Western Australia. 20 May 1910. p. 9. Retrieved 15 November ... the official Association for Australian Football in Asia. The following leagues play within AFL Asia: South East Asia ... In 2022 AFL Asia reported that Pakistan was the largest and fastest growing nation for the sport in Asia with over 5,000 ... North East Asia Australian Football League (NEAAFL): Introduced in 2014 North East Asia AFL includes Beijing, Shanghai, teams ...
"Western Ghats". Retrieved 3 July 2012. (Pages using the EasyTimeline extension, CS1 errors: requires URL, Articles with short ... Trans-border site The number of UNESCO sites of South Asia is contrasted by the number of sites Southeast and East Asia. South ... In Southern Asia, there are 48 cultural, 12 natural, and 1 mixed site. The World Heritage Committee may also specify that a ... of Southern Asia: Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Bhutan and Maldives, which are also located ...
"Asia Times". State Library of Western Australia catalogue. Retrieved 3 December 2015. "Australia Asia Business Weekly". State ... "Western Australian Italian Club News". State Library of Western Australia catalogue. Retrieved 3 December 2015. Australia Asia ... "Vesnik". State Library of Western Australia catalogue. Retrieved 3 December 2015. "Voice of Islam". State Library of Western ... "Hellenism". State Library of Western Australia catalogue. Retrieved 3 December 2015. "La Rondine". State Library of Western ...
Western Himalaya. Saussurea alpina. common saw-wort. Northern and central Europe, northwest Asia. Saussurea amara. China, ... Western North America. Saussurea amurensis. China. Saussurea angustifolia. narrowleaf saw-wort. Arctic northeast Asia, Alaska, ... Western Asia. Saussurea topkegolensis. Himalaya. Saussurea tridactyla. Himalaya. Saussurea turgaiensis. Russia. Saussurea ... Common names include saw-wort and snow lotus, the latter used for a number of high altitude species in East Asia. They are ...
Asia, Western. From Encyclopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory, 2nd ed; E. Delson, I. Tattersall, J. A.Van Couvering and A ... Asia, Western. From Encyclopedia of Human Evolution and Prehistory, 2nd ed; E. Delson, I. Tattersall, J. A.Van Couvering and A ... Archaeological cultures of West Asia, Upper Paleolithic cultures of Asia, Archaeological cultures in Iran, Archaeological ... Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan, Warwasi rock-shelter, Kaldar Cave and Yafteh Cave in the western Zagros, and Eshkaft-e Gavi ...
South Asia; The USA and Canada; Western Europe. Almanacs issued by other publishers: The World Almanac and Book of Facts The ... Russia and Central Asia; The Far East and Australasia; The Middle East and North Africa; South America, Central America and the ...
Western Washington. p. 242. ISBN 978-0-914584-90-2. Jo-Shui Chen (2 November 2006). Liu Tsung-yüan and Intellectual Change in ... 505-. ISBN 978-0-8047-6575-6. Asia Major. Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica. 1995. p. 57. R. W. L. ...
Henry Lansdell (1885). "Chronology of Russian Central Asia". Russian Central Asia. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, & ... together with the domains belonging to the Western Khanate. The Western Karakhanids Khanate became a vassal of the Seljuks. ... Francis Henry Skrine; Edward Denison Ross (1899), "Samarkand", The Heart of Asia: a history of Russian Turkestan and the ... 16 December 1905.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) "Russia: Principal Towns: Central Asia". ...
Asia Pacific: Energex; Ergon Energy; Ausgrid; Essential Energy; Western Power; ESTA; Genesis Energy Limited; Meralco; China ... and Asia Pacific. 2006 - Landis+Gyr acquired Finnish Enermet Group, and also Hunt Technologies and Cellnet Technologies, both ...
A Most Strategic Yet Most Inexpensive Global Mission Opportunity Arises in Asia" (PDF). Asia Missions Advance. 42: 2-7. ... Since then, and particularly since the 1950s, there has been a growth of organizations doing this mainly in Western contexts. ... Asia has been identified as an emerging region for ISM. It is beginning to take shape there, for example among international ... 4. Western Seminary. pp. 119-138. ISBN 978-1949201178. Issue Group for Diasporas and International Students (October 2004). ...
"Phronesis". Western Theological Seminary. Retrieved 15 November 2015.[permanent dead link] "Asian Theological Seminary". Asia ... Ro, Bong Rin (2008). "A History of Evangelical Theological Education in Asia (ATA): 1970-1990" (PDF). Torch Trinity Journal. 11 ... ATS is accredited by the Asia Theological Association to offer graduate diplomas in Biblical Languages, Christian Education, ... ATS is also part of the Asia Graduate School of Theology, a consortium of evangelical theological seminaries established by the ...
North America, Asia. Cronartium ribicola: Pinus subgenus Strobus, Grossulariaceae. Europe, Asia. Cronartium stalactiforme: ... Western North America. Cronartium comandrae: Pinus subgenus Pinus, Santalaceae. North America. Cronartium comptoniae: Pinus ... Europe, Asia. Cronartium occidentale: Strobus subgenus Strobus, Saxifragaceae. Southwestern North America. Cronartium orientale ...
... as they did not have words that fit exactly the Western scope. Before Western contact in East Asia, neither Japan nor China ... Asian music covers a vast swath of music cultures surveyed in the articles on Arabia, Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, and ... Some types of world music contain a mixture of non-Western indigenous styles with Western pop music elements. Genres of music ... The history of music in non-Western cultures ("world music" or the field of "ethnomusicology") is also taught in Western ...
Asia Vol. IV. South-western Asia. New York: D. Appleton and Company. p. 232. Archived from the original on 6 February 2023. ... Malte-Brun, Conrad (1822). Universal Geography, Or, a Description of All the Parts of the World, on a New Plan: Asia (2 ed.). ... The local Turkish dialect of Gaziantep is classified as a part of the Western Turkish dialects based on phonetic and ... Barkley, Henry C. (1891). A Ride through Asia Minor and Armenia. London: William Clowes and Sons Limited. p. 185. All the ...
"Kaitlyn Phillips is making her mark in the NSWRL". Central Western Daily. 1 May 2019. "Phillips determined to make 2020 'my ... "Australian Men's and Women's Prime Ministers XIII squads announced". Asia Pacific RL. 30 September 2019. "Gulls Girls brave in ...
South Asia Books. 1992. ISBN 978-8172110185. Impact of a metropolitan city on the surrounding region : a study of South Kolaba ... Western India; a regional geography. Students' Own Book Depot. 1948. A Survey of research in physical geography. Concept ...
South East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Asia remained embedded in a world economic, financial, and military ... British colonies in South Asia, East Asia, And Southeast Asia: British Burma (1824-1948, merged with India by the British from ... The Western European stake in Asia remained confined largely to trading stations and strategic outposts necessary to protect ... As the United States emerged as a new imperial power in the Pacific and Asia, one of the two oldest Western imperialist powers ...
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Western African Aquatic Mammals. Memorandum of Understanding concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of ... A flyway approach conserves some of Asias most beautiful wetlands and waterbirds Terminal Report of the UNEP/GEF Siberian ... Development of a Wetland Site and Flyway Network for Conservation of the Siberian Crane and Other Migratory Waterbirds in Asia ... and annually flies around 22,000km all the way across Asia, over the Indian Ocean to wintering grounds ...
The ticket to Asia and the hotel may be the expected price or even lower than normal, but once in the country, you will see ... The food in Asia can be a main theme of discussion. Did you eat something "weird"? "Hows the food in Vietnam?" The answer is ... by Juan Alvarado, Western Union employee. The unavoidable mix of sensations that anyone gets when leaving ones country to ... You dont need to learn the local language when traveling to Asia, but there will be a moment where a translator app might be ...
Download a list of all websites using Craft in Western Asia ... Download a list of all websites using Craft in Western Asia ... Websites using Craft in Western Asia 119 Craft Customers in Western Asia ...
Teach English to University Students or Teach K-12 in a place where East meets West, where the Middle East meets Asia, but ...
The MA programme includes teaching in history, archaeology, culture, and languages of ancient and late Egypt and Western Asia ( ... archaeology and history of ancient Egypt and Western Asia. The course provides students with a multidisciplinary approach based ... The Masters Degree in Ancient Egypt and Western Asia: archaeology, history and languages is a two-year graduate degree that ... The Masters Degree in Ancient Egypt and Western Asia: archaeology, history and languages is a two-year graduate degree that ...
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Andrew adds, "Once we evaluate Phase 1 of the training in W. Asia, we will design Phase 2 (always with emergence- taqasim- in ... peasant farmers to shift their smallholding practices to bring about a Small Farm Future in a disrupted and hungry Western ...
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The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia, 1256-1353 Komaroff, Linda, and Stefano Carboni, eds., with ... The landmark traveling exhibition The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Arts and Culture in Western Asia, 1256-1353 explores the ... The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia, 1256-1353. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2002 ... The Legacy of Genghis Khan: Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia, 1256-1353. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2002 ...
ASIA/TURKEY - Erdogan remains in power. Bishop Bizzeti: the inadequacy of certain Western analyzes emerges. Monday, 29 May 2023 ... Bishop Bizzeti: the inadequacy of certain Western analyzes emerges. 2023-05-19. Iskederun and Antioch, faith amid the rubble. ... The opposition candidate Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu got 47.84%. Meanwhile, in recent months, polls and analyzes by Western media have ... "the inadequacy of Western media tools in presenting the Turkish situation". This was underlined by Bishop Paolo Bizzeti sj, ...
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The only Pilot nibs Ive used are a fine and medium, and know those usually run a little bit more narrow than a western nib of ... I am looking into the Pilot Custom 823 and am curious how the broad nib might compare to a western medium. ... Double Post, My Apologies--Pilot Custom 823 Broad Vs Western Medium Double Post, My Apologies--Pilot Custom 823 Broad Vs ... The only Pilot nibs Ive used are a fine and medium, and know those usually run a little bit more narrow than a western nib of ...
Best Western secures first new-build BW Premier Collection Hotel. By TTG Asia ... BW Premier Collection by Best Western is set to open in Pattaya come 2Q2020 as the first new-build under the soft brand in Asia ... Best Western signed a Professional Service Agreement (PSA) with Thai property-for-investment developer Habitat Group for the ... Best Westerns expanding Thai portfolio now covers destinations including Bangkok, Phuket, Pattaya, Chiang Mai, Hua Hin, ...
Socioeconomic Dialogue Project is managed and implemented by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia ...
Western Asia 2023.MMP1210 Horn of Africa to Yemen crossing 44.820744, 16.548748 Al Ghar valley, Jawf Governorate, Yemen Western ... Western Asia 2023.MMP1212 Horn of Africa to Yemen crossing 14.82818741, 44.330954 Ash Sharwah, Muḩāfaz̧at Dhamār, Yemen Western ... Western Asia 2023.MMP1235 Horn of Africa to Yemen crossing 43.242697, 17.249505 Bani Ayash, Sadah governorate, Yemen Western ... Western Asia 2023.MMP0842 Türkiye-Europe land route 41.84295684, 26.738457 Remains found in Lalapaşa, Edirne, Türkiye Western ...
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA).. The UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) is the ... Women Centre of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia. *Economic Development and Globalization in the Western ... regional body of the UN for Western Asia.. The member states of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) are ... The Subject "Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)" belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI ...
You are here: Home/ Find a program/ Work Abroad/ United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA): ... United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UN-ESCWA): Internships The purpose of the programme is to ...
Foundry Channel Sites: Channel Asia , ARN , Reseller News Links: Privacy Policy [Updated 22 Feb 2023] ,. , Reprints , ... Join Channel Asia. Sign up to gain exclusive access to email subscriptions, event invitations, competitions, giveaways, and ... The United States wants to steer people away from Huawei towards Western products because of its concerns over the security of ... Plans in place to steer businesses towards Western tech, instead of Huawei kit. Huawei faces international scrutiny over ties ...
Geographic coverage: Europe and Central Asia Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244) North Macedonia Serbia ... However, in the Western Balkans and Turkey, despite the ratification of the Istanbul Convention, these standards have yet to be ... Domain menu for UN Women Europe and Central Asia (main). * About us * About UN Women ... Mapping of Sexual Violence Services in the Western Balkans and Turkey. Image ...
Western Asia[edit]. *Gulesh - a traditional Azerbaijani wrestling style. *Iranian Wrestling or Koshti. Includes the Iran-wide ... East Asia[edit]. China[edit]. *Shuai Jiao 摔跤: Chinese jacket wrestling originating from Beijing, Tianjin and Baoding in ... Central Asia[edit]. Mongolian wrestling[edit]. *Bökh - (Khalkha bökh, Khalkha wrestling) traditional Khalkha Mongolian jacket ... Asia[edit]. Wrestlers on the traditional Naadam festival in Mongolia, near Ulan Bator. Yağlı güreş (Turkish oil wrestling) ...
South Asia Brief. Enter your email. Sign Up ✓ Signed Up Unsubscribe Situation Report. Enter your email. Sign Up ✓ Signed Up ... The U-turn may have calmed one country, but it has put Spain at odds with another: Algeria, the fiercest supporter of Western ... In a letter made public on March 18, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez endorsed a Moroccan plan of autonomy for Western ... Then it reneged on Western Sahara.. By Albert Guasch Rafael, a freelance journalist from Spain. ...
Tag: Western Asia. Islamic State is Not Islamic State: There is Nothing Islamic about Islamic State. 23 Aug 2015. indeseemLeave ...
The western boundary is formed by the Severnaya Zemlya and the Taimyr Peninsula. The New Siberian Islands border the sea to the ... The gulf lies at the western end of the Northwest Passages. It is rich in marine life like beluga whales, seals, and several ...
Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University ; Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University. Huyen Thanh T. Nguyen ... Western Ideological Homogeneity in Entrepreneurial Finance Research: Evidence From Highly Cited Publications. ... Thus, the objective of this study is to examine the existence of Western ideological homogeneity in entrepreneurial finance ... Despite the global presence of entrepreneurship, the literature of entrepreneurial finance is suspected to be Western ...
  • with the severe Long Depression of the 1870s provoking a scramble for new markets for European industrial products and financial services in Africa, the Americas, Eastern Europe, and especially in Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Before 2007, only sporadic human disease cases were reported from countries in Africa and Asia. (cdc.gov)
  • Paul Mead] So, plague foci exist in discrete regions of Asia, Africa, and the Americas, including the western United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Nguyen, Minh-Hoang and Nguyen, Huyen Thanh T. and Pham, Thanh-Hang and Ho, Manh-Toan and Ho, Manh-Toan and Vuong, Quan Hoang, Western Ideological Homogeneity in Entrepreneurial Finance Research: Evidence From Highly Cited Publications (August 1, 2020). (ssrn.com)
  • It originated in the 15th-century search for trade routes to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia that led directly to the Age of Discovery, and additionally the introduction of early modern warfare into what Europeans first called the East Indies and later the Far East. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between the 1870s and the beginning of World War I in 1914, the United Kingdom, France, and the Netherlands-the established colonial powers in Asia-added to their empires vast expanses of territory in the Middle East, the Indian Subcontinent, and Southeast Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequent outbreaks occurred in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The 2018 Annual Report provides an overview of key efforts by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) to support global, regional and national efforts towards a more stable. (unescwa.org)
  • A previous unsuccessful attempt to declare Western Togoland independent from Ghana took place in 2017. (dw.com)
  • Board of Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church , "Mission Photograph Album - Western Asia - #01 page_0091," UMC Digital Galleries , accessed November 30, 2023, https://catalog.gcah.org/omeka/items/show/26597. (gcah.org)
  • However, in the Western Balkans and Turkey, despite the ratification of the Istanbul Convention, these standards have yet to be met. (unwomen.org)
  • This publication was produced under the framework of the EU-UN Women regional programme on ending violence against women in the Western Balkans and Turkey, "Implementing Norms, Changing Minds," funded by the European Union. (unwomen.org)
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  • Title : Typhoid Fever Surveillance and Vaccine Use - South-East Asia and Western Pacific Regions, 2009-2013 Personal Author(s) : Date, Kashmira A.;Bentsi-Enchill, Adwoa D.;Fox, Kimberley K.;Abeysinghe, Nihal;Mintz, Eric D.;Khan, M. Imran;Sahastrabuddhe, Sushant;Hyde, Terri B. (cdc.gov)
  • Details for: Strategy on health care financing for countries of the Western Pacific and South-East Asia Regions (2006-2010). (who.int)
  • WHO seminar on Mosquito- borne Hemorrhagic Fevers in the South-east Asia and Western Pacific Regions, Bangkok, 1964. (cdc.gov)
  • Despite the global presence of entrepreneurship, the literature of entrepreneurial finance is suspected to be Western ideologically homogeneous. (ssrn.com)
  • However, ideologically, their reports of Western centrism dismissed the success of Asian countries as Confucian techniques. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • Search all Western Asia Tenders from 300k+ Live tenders on Our Website. (tendersinfo.com)
  • Tendersinfo has the largest database of Western Asia Tenders Where users can Search all types of etenders, E-procurement notices, Public Tenders, International Bidding Opportunities, Request for Proposal(RFP), Expression of Interest(EOI), General Procurement Notice(GPN) in Western Asia with ease. (tendersinfo.com)
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  • The influence and imperialism of Western Europe and associated states (such as Russia, Japan, and the United States) peaked in Asian territories from the colonial period beginning in the 16th century and substantially reducing with 20th century decolonization. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 16th century, the Portuguese broke the (overland) monopoly of the Arabs and Italians in trade between Asia and Europe by the discovery of the sea route to India around the Cape of Good Hope. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scleromas are rare in the United States and Western Europe. (medlineplus.gov)
  • South East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Asia remained embedded in a world economic, financial, and military system in which the great powers compete to extend their influence. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevalence estimates in other countries include 57.57% in Latin America and the Caribbean, 54.7% in Asia, 26.6% in Northern America, and 24.4% in Oceania. (medscape.com)
  • The Libya Socioeconomic Dialogue Project is managed and implemented by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), thanks to a funding by the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) through German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ). (unescwa.org)
  • The United States, Australia and New Zealand are among Western nations that have already restricted Huawei from the 5G mobile networks. (channelasia.tech)
  • The movement says it wants to force the Ghanaian government to join United Nations (UN) facilitated negotiations aiming to declare Western Togoland an independent state. (dw.com)
  • Western Togoland is a member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) . (dw.com)
  • The year 2015 was remarkable for international development cooperation, the United Nations and the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). (unescwa.org)
  • As the United Nations enters its seventieth year, the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) embarks on its fifth decade of work in the Arab region. (unescwa.org)
  • A primary goal is to inspire peasant farmers to shift their smallholding practices to bring about a Small Farm Future in a disrupted and hungry Western Asian region. (gaiauniversity.org)
  • The production sectors in the region of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia suffer from low productivity and poor competitiveness, which can largely be attributed to the inefficient use of resources, insufficient creation of "networking" and misuse technology. (reingex.com)
  • The region known as Western Togoland has had secessionist attempts in the past. (dw.com)
  • Armed men demanding the secession of Western Togoland from Ghana blockaded major entry points to the Volta region of Ghana on Friday morning. (dw.com)
  • About 12 hours before Friday's dawn operation, the Western Togoland Restoration Front (WTRF) published photos of the graduation ceremony for around 500 personnel who underwent training for months in secret locations, raising questions over the effectiveness of security agencies in the region. (dw.com)
  • Ghana's Western Togoland region is predominately wedged between Lake Volta and the Ghana-Togo border. (dw.com)
  • In terms of language and culture, Western Togoland, especially the Volta region, has more in common with Togo. (dw.com)
  • The 2016 Annual Report provides an overview of key economic and social developments throughout the Arab region, as well as facts and figures about the Economic and Social Commission for Western. (unescwa.org)
  • SLT use was higher among males in 10 countries of South-East Asia Region, however, in Timor-Leste, SLT use was higher among females. (who.int)
  • This Focus Asia was organized by the Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies in co-operation with the Faculty of Law at Lund University. (lu.se)
  • This approach takes into consideration the widespread multilingualism and multigraphism that has always played a fundamental role within the Iranian linguistic area, from the Iranian plateau to Central Asia, from Antiquity to the present day. (ancientegyptandwesternasia.it)
  • This pottery model of a Bactrian camel may be a rare example of a Chinese-style tomb figure produced in Central Asia. (davidrumsey.com)
  • Tendersinfo covers every industries & sectors in Western Asia to help people find their next business opportunity. (tendersinfo.com)
  • However, you can find some of the top industries and sectors In Western Asia which brings enormous business opportunities. (tendersinfo.com)
  • However, the rapid post-war economic development and rise of the industrialized developed countries of Taiwan, Singapore, South Korea, Japan and the developing countries of India, the People's Republic of China and its autonomous territory of Hong Kong, along with the collapse of the Soviet Union, have greatly diminished Western European influence in Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) is the regional body of the UN for Western Asia. (reingex.com)
  • The UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) is a framework for sectoral policies conception and coordination in the Western Asian economies. (reingex.com)
  • ASIA/TURKEY - Erdogan remains in power. (fides.org)
  • Meanwhile, in recent months, polls and analyzes by Western media have predicted the possible end of Erdogan's long term at the helm of Turkey. (fides.org)
  • Discover Government & Private Tenders in all countries and 153+ industries in Western Asia. (tendersinfo.com)
  • ZAGREB (Reuters) - Enlargement of the European Union will make the wealthy 27-bloc safer and more prosperous and also secure stability and peace for the Western Balkan countries, European Council President Charles Michel said on Thursday. (yahoo.com)
  • The achievements of East Asian countries in their fight against Covid-19 have attracted attention from Western media, governments and academia. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • Previous studies were mostly concerned with what topics Western media focused on and what attitudes they adopted when reporting a specific East Asian country, lacking systematic analysis of the image of East Asian countries. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • Techno-Orientalism is ideological thinking and discursive strategies commonly used by Western countries to construct the image of Asian countries. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • This study uses cultural discourse analysis to investigate how Western media, such as The New York Times, the BBC, portrayed three Eastern Asian countries in their Covid-19 reports and explores how Western media applied techno-Orientalism to the image of East Asian countries during the pandemic. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • The study finds that when reporting concrete facts, Western media acknowledged the effectiveness of the anti-pandemic measures taken by Eastern Asian countries and the social cohesion people in such countries exhibited. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • The image of East Asian countries in the international community was influenced by Western media's agenda setting in reports about their fight against the virus, which also played an important role in shaping international public opinion. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • Some biased Western media do not understand East Asia culturally and misinterpret pandemic-related policies in East Asian countries as unreasonable. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • This study analyses how Western media reported and portrayed East Asian countries in COVID-19-related reports from the perspective of techno-Orientalism, in order to better understand how international media used discursive strategies to tarnish the image of East Asian countries and to get a glimpse of the fixed mindset and attitude of Western media. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • Savings of up to 40% now achievable in Western Australia with 5 Plus Technology for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration. (eco-business.com)
  • Energy Solutions WA has been appointed as the exclusive 5 Plus dealer in Western Australia and will form the core of the Australian Authorised 5 Plus Dealers Network. (eco-business.com)
  • Asian culture differs from Western culture in the way you buy things, specially in China, where the price of an item is just the starting point. (westernunion.com)
  • In their reports, the Western media overlooked the validity of the "East Asian model" in fighting against the pandemic. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, Western media reported the "East Asian model" derived from China's anti-pandemic responses in a bad light from the perspective of techno-Orientalism. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • However, in the extant research, the image of the whole East Asia and the discursive construction by Western media of the East Asian Model have not been examined. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • Cumberland (Chatham), Euryalus, Justitia and Retribution (Woolwich) were certainly among those that supplied Asia with its passengers. (redcoat-settlerswa.com)
  • In parallel, the direct flight from Singapore to Jaipur has important implications for tourism in Rajasthan because Changi airport is the supreme air hub for South East Asia - it handles over 55 million passengers every year - and is a perfect gateway for the 1.7 billion people who live within a five hour flying time to fly directly to Rajasthan. (vasundhararaje.in)
  • In Asia, World War I and World War II were played out as struggles among several key imperial power, with conflicts involving the European powers along with Russia and the rising American and Japanese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Germany and its Western partners have agreed to exclude Russia from SWIFT. (anews.pk)
  • BERLIN - Germany and its Western allies have decided to exclude Russia from the SWIFT global payment system, according to a German government spokeswoman. (anews.pk)
  • The United States remains influential with trade and military bases in Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whether You are looking for local tenders, state tenders or international Tenders Our Western Asia Tenders page has the most comprehensive coverage throughout all cities, villages and govt authorities in Western Asia so that you do not have to refer 100+ websites or newspapers. (tendersinfo.com)
  • This article attempts to outline the consequent development of the Western concept of the nation state. (wikipedia.org)
  • You don't need to learn the local language when traveling to Asia, but there will be a moment where a translator app might be able to ease your interactions. (westernunion.com)
  • This is a very serious situation because just few weeks ago we saw [what happened] when they mounted signs along the major roads welcoming people into the Western Togoland State," a local resident told DW. (dw.com)
  • Transplanting western legal institutions in Asia can be interpreted as a global convergence which creates homogeneity in a world that is very diverse in local culture and resources. (lu.se)
  • European political power, commerce, and culture in Asia gave rise to growing trade in commodities-a key development in the rise of today's modern world free market economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The MA programme includes teaching in history, archaeology, culture, and languages of ancient and late Egypt and Western Asia (ranging from philology to museology, history of religions to material culture). (unipi.it)
  • By the early 16th century, the Age of Sail greatly expanded Western European influence and development of the spice trade under colonialism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two companies are also working together at Best Western Premier Bayphere Pattaya - another upscale development on Thailand's Eastern Seaboard, scheduled to open in 1Q2020. (ttgasia.com)
  • Public lectures at the conference offer research and analysis on such issues as international law, legal profession, dispute resolution, gender, law and development, and labour rights, drawing on varying experiences in East, South-East, and South Asia. (lu.se)
  • The empires introduced Western concepts of nation and the multinational state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their strict and efficient policies were often criticized as deprivation of freedom and stereotyped as Confucian techniques by mainstream Western media, a dominant player in global discourse. (europeanproceedings.com)
  • Our Database is updated on daily basis So that you can be assured to find the Western Asia tender you are looking for. (tendersinfo.com)
  • Employing the mind-sponge mechanism and biblio-metric analyses (Y-index and social structure), we analyze 412 highly cited publications extracted from Web of Science database and find Western ideological dominance as well as weak tolerance towards heterogeneity in the set of core ideologies of entrepreneurial finance. (ssrn.com)
  • The United States wants to steer people away from Huawei towards Western products because of its concerns over the security of the Chinese company's technology, the U.S. envoy to the European Union has revealed. (channelasia.tech)
  • The U.S. is very supportive of the discouraging the purchase of any Chinese digital products that involve potential national security implications and steering people away from Huawei into Western products is our desired outcome," Sondland told Reuters before an event in Brussels. (channelasia.tech)
  • Tendersinfo provides best Business opportunitiess in Western Asia right at your fingertips. (tendersinfo.com)
  • Browse through thousands of fresh Western Asia Tenders along with latest tender results to Select the right tender for Your business and craft the perfect tender bidding strategy. (tendersinfo.com)
  • The brig Asia was built in Aberdeen Shipyard No. 27 by Alexander Hall & Co. Alexander took over the business of Cochar and Gibbon in 1790 after learning his trade and getting business experience. (redcoat-settlerswa.com)
  • Singapore has been consistently ranked first in the World Bank Ease-of-doing Business global rankings and is considered as the best investment destination in Asia. (vasundhararaje.in)
  • These results are consistent across author-, institution-, and country-levels, which reveals strong evidence for the existence of Western ideological homogeneity in the field. (ssrn.com)
  • Register today to stay up-to-date with the latest news from Asia, China and beyond. (asiatimes.com)
  • Asia made many long and dangerous voyages throughout her career, including at least two voyages for the East India Company - one of them a 14-month round trip to China and Quebec. (redcoat-settlerswa.com)
  • When Asia develops strong legal institutions, western models are often adopted. (lu.se)
  • This time the theme of the festival was urban life in Asia. (lu.se)
  • Under the leadership of Genghis Khan, nomadic horsemen burst out of Mongolia in the thirteenth century and began their sweep across Asia, creating the largest empire the world has ever known. (metmuseum.org)
  • The 12th Focus Asia brought leading scholars in law & society from around the world. (lu.se)
  • Never miss a single tender notice and tender update in Western Asia, get latest Western Asia Tenders on daily basis through custom email alerts & through website access. (tendersinfo.com)
  • Western Asia Tenders - Find latest government Tenders, and tenders notices in Western Asia. (tendersinfo.com)
  • Police are investigating a murder-suicide case after a family of three, including a 7-year-old boy, was found dead at home in Western District on Hong Kong Island on Monday. (asiatimes.com)
  • So for example, we found that nearly all of the cases were in the western parts of the districts and that most occurred during the months October through January. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr. Michael A. Famiano, a professor of physics at Western Michigan University, studies stellar nucleosynthesis. (wmich.edu)
  • Best Western signed a Professional Service Agreement (PSA) with Thai property-for-investment developer Habitat Group for the new hotel. (ttgasia.com)
  • European exploration of Asia started in ancient Roman times along the Silk Road. (wikipedia.org)
  • Join the Asia Times community for free. (asiatimes.com)
  • Get latest Tender Notices from 1000s of Government Public Procurement portals, govt tender wesites and newpapers in Western Asia. (tendersinfo.com)
  • Tendersinfo is the best and most reliable online tenders website in Western Asia, providing latest government and private tenders, public procurement notices and contracts from all over Western Asia. (tendersinfo.com)