Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.AfricaOceania: The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Americas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Australasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)EuropeChromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Asia, Northern: A subregion of Asia, consisting of the Asian portion of Russia.UzbekistanGenetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.South AmericaLaosNorth AmericaSequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.KyrgyzstanArchaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.IndiaDeveloping Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.VietnamHuman Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.KazakhstanPolynesia: The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.CambodiaFossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Chikungunya virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Borneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseEncephalitis, Japanese: A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Burkholderia pseudomallei: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Melioidosis: A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.PhilippinesSri LankaPakistanSingaporeGene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Encephalitis Virus, Japanese: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.Alphavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Bacteriophage T4: Virulent bacteriophage and type species of the genus T4-like phages, in the family MYOVIRIDAE. It infects E. coli and is the best known of the T-even phages. Its virion contains linear double-stranded DNA, terminally redundant and circularly permuted.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.

Life expectancy in Central and Eastern European countries and newly independent states of the former Soviet Union: changes by gender. (1/69)

AIM: To examine changes in life expectancy at birth for countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union (NIS) for the period 1989-1996. Differences in the change by gender were examined and several factors which likely bear on the changes were discussed. Methods. Data from the WHO Health for All European Data Base were used to determine changes in life expectancy and selected economic factors for CEE and NIS countries. RESULTS: Changes in life expectancy varied by gender in both CEE and the NIS, with the difference increasing for the two groups during the period with the largest increase occurring in the NIS. Both male and female life expectancy declined, with male life expectancy dropping at a more rapid rate. In 1994, the year in which most, but not all countries, reached a low point, life expectancy for males had declined below 60 years for two countries. CONCLUSIONS: The most striking point about the decline in life expectancies was the short period in which the declines occurred, especially in the NIS. It is not possible to determine the exact cause for the changes, but there are likely multiple reasons. It is not completely clear why the decline in life expectancy was greater for males, although the linkage between economic and behavioral and lifestyle factors appear to have some association. Further research is necessary to determine why effects by gender vary so greatly and whether the negative outcomes are a short-term anomaly or will persist.  (+info)

Task force for the urgent response to the epidemics of sexually transmitted diseases in eastern Europe and central Asia. (2/69)

In summary, members of the TF/STD: share the common goal of reducing the STD burden and slowing the spread of HIV in the most affected and vulnerable countries in eastern Europe and central Asia contribute financially, technically, or in kind to the implementation of a joint strategy which aims: to create an enabling environment for STD prevention and control, and to strengthen the local capacity for STD prevention and care engage in a continuous exchange of information, collaborative partnerships, and coordination of activities at regional as well as country level through the TF/STD and in-country interagency working groups, respectively concur with the priority areas for international support consisting of advocacy and policy, STD drugs, condoms, educational materials, training, applied research, and surveillance meet twice a year to review implementation progress and the need for additional assistance as advocates of TF/STD, call on partners and other organisations to join in this important new initiative.  (+info)

Recent declines in reported syphilis rates in eastern Europe and central Asia: are the epidemics over? (3/69)

BACKGROUND: Since the early 1990s, major syphilis epidemics have occurred in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union. The new and rapidly changing societal and economic conditions in these countries challenge their traditional approaches to the control of sexually transmitted infections (STI). Nevertheless, following a steady increase until 1997, reported syphilis incidence has declined during the past 3 years in most parts of the region. We examine these trends against a background of ongoing changes in service delivery, care seeking behaviour, and case finding practices. METHODS: National syphilis surveillance data reported to the WHO Regional Office for Europe were compiled and analysed, and supplemented with information presented at recent expert meetings and with results from ongoing research. RESULTS: Since 1997, reported syphilis incidence either stabilised or declined in many locations in the NIS, but further increased in others, especially in rural areas. Congenital syphilis continued to increase in all countries, except Latvia. The proportion of self presenting cases versus cases detected through screening declined, and so did notifications of early compared with late forms of syphilis. Patients increasingly seek care in the private formal and informal healthcare sectors which hardly participate in case reporting. CONCLUSIONS: Recent declines in syphilis notifications in the NIS are at least partially a reflection of a reduced intensity of active case finding and of changes in reporting completeness because of a shift in service utilisation from the public to the private/informal sectors. Syphilis rates are still high, indicating that both public and private sectors have to respond more efficiently to the needs of many people at risk of STI. The collection of serial STI prevalence data is recommended to be able to validate trends in notifications.  (+info)

Distribution and characterization of tick-borne encephalitis viruses from Siberia and far-eastern Asia. (4/69)

In this study, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) viruses from Siberia and far-eastern Asia were characterized in order to determine virus subtype distribution. TBE viruses were isolated from ticks (Ixodes persulcatus) collected in the far-eastern (Khabarovsk and Vladivostok) and Siberian (Irkutsk) regions of Russia in 1999. Phylogenetic analysis showed that isolates formed distinct clusters of far-eastern and Siberian subtypes. There was also a minor difference in antigenicity between the Irkutsk isolates and other TBE virus strains, as demonstrated by the reactivity of monoclonal antibodies. Amino acid alignments of the E gene showed that the Irkutsk isolates had a single amino acid change at position 234 (Q or H); this amino acid position is considered to be a 'signature' of Siberian subtype TBE viruses. Strains isolated in Irkutsk also exhibited equivalent or somewhat higher virulence in mice compared with far-eastern TBE virus isolates. All viruses isolated in this study (i.e. far-east Asian and Siberian isolates) have 3' non-coding regions (NCRs) of almost the same length, which contrasts with the various sizes of 3'NCRs of other TBE viruses strains reported previously. The data presented in this study show that the 3'NCR is uniform among TBE viruses isolated from Siberia and far-eastern Asia and that the 3'NCR is essential for TBE virus growth in tick and/or rodent host cells.  (+info)

Anemia prevention and control in four central Asian republics and Kazakhstan. (5/69)

Kazakhstan and the central Asian republics of Uzbekistan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan have developed anemia prevention and control (APC) policies based on multiple interventions, including education and promotion, oral supplementation of high risk groups and fortification of wheat flour with iron and other micronutrients. These national strategies are aimed at reducing the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency among young children and women of child-bearing age. Strategy development has been assisted by funding and technical assistance from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) with additional technical support from the International Nutrition Foundation, the United Nations University and various national institutions. These countries have been among the most advanced in adopting national strategies that include multiple interventions in an overall package, and national interest in APC remains high. However, reviews of APC activities conducted in 2001 suggests the need for modification and enhancement of current efforts and for a shift to national-level actions if these countries are to progress toward current and future goals. Increased commitment and determination, by both national groups and international organizations, are required to achieve and sustain improvement in micronutrient nutrition.  (+info)

High-resolution analysis of Y-chromosomal polymorphisms reveals signatures of population movements from Central Asia and West Asia into India. (6/69)

Linguistic evidence suggests that West Asia and Central Asia have been the two major geographical sources of genes in the contemporary Indian gene pool. To test the nature and extent of similarities in the gene pools of these regions we have collected DNA samples from four ethnic populations of northern India, and have screened these samples for a set of 18 Y-chromosome polymorphic markers (12 unique event polymorphisms and six short tandem repeats). These data from Indian populations have been analysed in conjunction with published data from several West Asian and Central Asian populations. Our analyses have revealed traces of population movement from Central Asia and West Asia into India. Two haplogrops, HG-3 and HG-9, which are known to have arisen in the Central Asian region, are found in reasonably high frequencies (41.7% and 14.3% respectively) in the study populations. The ages estimated for these two haplogroups are less in the Indian populations than those estimated from data on Middle Eastern populations. A neighbour-joining tree based on Y-haplogroup frequencies shows that the North Indians are genetically placed between the West Asian and Central Asian populations. This is consistent with gene flow from West Asia and Central Asia into India.  (+info)

New sesquiterpenes from Ferula ferulaeoides (Steud.) Korovin. VI. Isolation and identification of three new dihydrofuro[2,3-b]chromones. (7/69)

Three novel 2-prenyl-dihydrofurochromone-type sesquiterpenoid derivatives, 2,3-dihydro-7-hydroxy-2S*,3R*-dimethyl-2-[4,8-dimethyl-3(E),7-nonadienyl]-furo[2, 3-b]chromone, 2,3-dihydro-7-hydroxy-2S*,3R*-dimethyl-2-[4-methyl-5-(4-methyl-2-furyl)-3(E),7-pe ntenyl]-furo[2,3-b]chromone, and 2,3-dihydro-7-hydroxy-2R*,3R*-dimethyl-2-[4-methyl-5-(4-methyl-2-furyl)-3(E),7-pe ntenyl]-furo[2,3-b]chromone, were isolated from the roots of Ferula ferulaeoides. The structures were established by comprehensive spectral analysis. The biosynthetic pathway leading to these 2-prenyl-dihydrofurochromone-type sesquiterpenoids is proposed based on their structures.  (+info)

The gender gap in primary health care resource utilization in Central Asia. (8/69)

There is a large gender gap in life expectancy in some countries of the former Soviet Union. Life expectancy of males is as much as 13 years less than that of females, and a significant portion of the excess male mortality is caused by cardiovascular disease. Although effective primary health care is necessary to manage cardiovascular disease and reduce acute episodes and mortality, the primary health care system is under-utilized by adult males in the region. This study combines disaggregated utilization data with cost data to analyze patterns of per capita primary care resource consumption in urban and rural regions of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The results show that both in absolute and per capita terms, the principal users of primary health are women of reproductive age and children under five. Based on a combination of utilization and cost of services, women of reproductive age consume approximately 1.5 times the average per capita primary health care resources, while men in the same age group consume approximately one-half of the average. Children under five consume about three to five times the average per capita primary care resources. Based on the results of the study, regional government health purchasers worked together with providers to develop a new per capita payment system with age/sex adjustments and incentives for outreach to bring adult men into the primary care system.  (+info)

Dilip Hiros Inside Central Asia is reviewed in the March issue of International Affairs: "Few people know Central Asia better than Dilip Hiro does. His Between Marx and Muhammad: The Changing Face of Central Asia represented one of the most accurate analyses of the region published in the early post-Soviet era and, at the beginning of 2010, remains an important source for scholars and the wider public interested in Central Asian affairs. In his new work, Inside Central Asia, Hiro widens his focus and his objectives become more ambitious. The specialized reader would be impressed by Hiros ability to enrich his account with hard-to-find elements….. In conclusion, Inside Central Asia is a major contribution to the study of post-Soviet Central Asia, interesting for both specialized and non-specialized readers for its solid analytical framework, the authors engaging style and the remarkable amount of information provided in the volume ...
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Traditional societies are often organized into descent groups called "lineages," "clans," and "tribes." Each of these descent groups claims to have a common ancestor, and this ancestry distinguishes the groups members from the rest of the population. To test the hypothesis of common ancestry within these groups, we compared ethnological and genetic data from five Central Asian populations. We show that, although people from the same lineage and clan share generally a recent common ancestor, no such common ancestry is observed at the tribal level. Thus, a tribe might be a conglomerate of clans who subsequently invented a mythical ancestor to strengthen group unity.. ...
From August 11th to 13th, the Department of International Cooperation, MOST held a seminar on technical training in developing countries (Central Asia) in Urumqi. With closer sci-tech ties between China and Central Asian countries, MOST organized 39 training programs for Central Asian countries in the 11th five-year plan period, or 25% of the total. On the meeting, the representatives from Xinjiang Economic Information Center on Science and Technology in Central Asia shared their experiences on hosting the training programs, and the participants exchanged ideas ...
About The Book India and Central Asia had close contracts in various fields of human activities from the earliest times. Archaeological excavations of stone and bronze cultures in Central Asia have brought to light a similarity with cultures existing in northwest India of the same time. There are striking similarities between the finds from Altyntepe in southern Turkmenistan and the relics of Harappan Culture in northwest India. More concrete historical evidence can he found during Kushana period. These relations became closer in the medieval times because the founders of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire in the 13th and 16th centuries respectively hailed from Central Asian lands. Along with conquerors and founders of the ruling dynasties came the scholars, poets, scientists and Sufi saints. Religious influence spreading from one direction to the other set in motion a process of reciprocal cultural enrichment. There was also unhindered overland trade carried by merchant caravans. Like Indo
Primary education; pupils in Europe and Central Asia was last measured at 15978478 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Primary education - pupils in Europe and Central Asia.
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
You searched for: Academic Unit Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Remove constraint Academic Unit: Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Subject Microfinance Remove constraint Subject: Microfinance Subject HIV infections-Prevention Remove constraint Subject: HIV infections-Prevention ...
You searched for: Academic Unit Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Remove constraint Academic Unit: Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Subject Microfinance Remove constraint Subject: Microfinance Subject HIV infections-Prevention Remove constraint Subject: HIV infections-Prevention ...
All-Union Institute of Plant Cultivation. Most of the alfalfa grown throughout the world is of a hybrid nature. Centers of pure nonhybrid forms of cultivated alfalfa are only preserved in countries with an ancient agriculture in Central and Hither Asia (Afghanistan, Central Asian republics of the U. S. S. R., and Armenia within its ancient limits) and in some oases of the Mediterranean area, though here too the areas under nonhybrid alfalfa are restricted.. In the majority of alfalfa-growing areas the commonly used varieties are products of natural hybridization between only two compound species of medic; blue alfalfa (Medicago sativa sensu lato) and yellow alfalfa (M. falcata sensu lato). Other species are so far only little used in breeding, and varieties obtained by way of experimental hybridization do not generally occupy extensive areas as yet.. Despite the fact that, during recent decades, hybrid alfalfa varieties have been obtained with some success in the U. S. S. R. through ...
CPEC | China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Official Website Develop By Ministry of Planning, Development & Reform CPEC Secretariat P block Pak-Secretariat, Islamabad,Pakistan. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is a framework of regional connectivity. CPEC will not only benefit China and Pakistan but will have positive impact on Iran, Afghanistan, India, Central Asian Republic, and the region.
Meet the Great Gerbil The Great Gerbil of Central Asia is not much like the little gerbils found in American pet stores. This bad boy can get as long as 13 inches head to tail, about the size of a prairie dog or large black rat. It holds a similar ecological niche as the prairie…
Scientists are pretty consistent about the ancestors of dogs which are gray wolves. However, the region where they came from has always remained doubtful. Previous studies suggested that their origin can be traced back to Europe, southern China, the Middle East and Serbia.. Get the Free Tracker App to find a SNES Classic in Stock. But for the first time, a study points to a new place, Central Asia, somewhere around what we call Nepal and Mongolia today.. Adam Bokyo at Cornell University and a group of international researchers examined the DNA of not only domestic dogs but also the dogs wandering in villages or streets.. A total of 4,500 dogs, 161 purebred and 549 free-ranging rural dogs were studied from 38 countries around the world. The genetic test revealed that the most ancient roots of dog points to Central Asian domestication origin. However, researchers were unable to find when they were exactly evolved.. "The fact that we looked at so many village dogs from so many different regions, we ...
The United Nations has announced the appointment of Michel Kazatchkine as the Secretary-Generals new Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, one of only two regions in the world where HIV is continuing to grow.
Despite permissive laws and a well-developed network of facilities, the incidence of unsafe abortion and the resulting maternal mortality is unacceptably high in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with one-quarter ...
A lot of factors have fuelled the spread of HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, mainly official apathy, discrimination and criminalisation of drug addicts.
During the 1990s, much of Eastern Europe and Central Asia began the arduous process of political, economic and social transformation. In the first five years of transition, when unprofitable indus...
The Soviet Secularization Project in Central Asia: Accommodation and Institutional Legacies. Un article de la revue Eurostudia (From Today’s Observation Post: Collaboration and Resistance under Communism ) diffusée par la plateforme Érudit.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia are home to the worlds fastest-growing HIV epidemic, due to punitive drug policies, discrimination, and insufficient ...
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs has updated its development cooperation programme for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The programme focuses on the poorest countries of the region and on themes where Finland has strong expertise.
THE BIOSCI ELECTRONIC NEWSGROUP NETWORK INFORMATION SHEET (last revised 14-JULY-97) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- , IMPORTANT NOTE: In addition to the USENET and e-mail methods described , below, one can also participate in the BIOSCI newsgroups through the , World Wide Web. The URL is http://www.bio.net/. After connecting to , this site, click on the Access the BIOSCI/bionet Newsgroups , hyperlink. This is the BIOSCI information sheet for Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. If you are located in the Americas or the Pacific Rim countries, please retrieve that version of the information sheet by sending the command info usinfo in the body of an e-mail message addressed to the Internet address biosci-server at net.bio.net Any text placed on the Subject: line of your message is ignored, so please be sure to put the info usinfo command in the main body of your e-mail message. New users of BIOSCI/bionet may want to read the Frequently Asked Questions or ...
THE BIOSCI ELECTRONIC NEWSGROUP NETWORK INFORMATION SHEET (last revised 14-JULY-97) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- , IMPORTANT NOTE: In addition to the USENET and e-mail methods described , below, one can also participate in the BIOSCI newsgroups through the , World Wide Web. The URL is http://www.bio.net/. After connecting to , this site, click on the Access the BIOSCI/bionet Newsgroups , hyperlink. This is the BIOSCI information sheet for Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. If you are located in the Americas or the Pacific Rim countries, please retrieve that version of the information sheet by sending the command info usinfo in the body of an e-mail message addressed to the Internet address biosci-server at net.bio.net Any text placed on the Subject: line of your message is ignored, so please be sure to put the info usinfo command in the main body of your e-mail message. New users of BIOSCI/bionet may want to read the Frequently Asked Questions or ...
Weekly on-line news reports and analyses from conflict areas around the world, including Central Asia and the Caucasus. The reports are in English, and sometimes in the local languages as well (Russian, Uzbek, etc.). The site also contains information on media development and human rights projects in these regions ...
Article Integrated water resources management in central Asia: nutrient and heavy metal emissions and their relevance for the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia. Within the framework of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) the nutrient and heavy me...
STOCKHOLM (AFP) - HIV infections in Europe and Central Asia increased by 8 per cent in 2012 compared to a year earlier, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control announced on Wednesday.. Read more at straitstimes.com.
Downloadable! This study analyzes the extent of knowledge and technology absorption for firms in Europe and Central Asia (ECA), as well as the factors that influence absorption, using statistical analyses of various data sources, including the World Bank enterprise surveys, patent databases maintained by the United States (U.S.) and European patent offices, and case studies. The study addresses the following issues: (i) what can we learn from patents and patent citations about international knowledge flows and cross-national technological cooperation in ECA? (ii) How does openness to trade, participation in global supply networks, and investment in human capital, via on-the-job training, enhance knowledge and technology absorption in ECA-region manufacturing firms? How does foreign direct investment (FDI) stimulate acquisition of managerial and technical skills, new machinery and equipment, and market development?
In recent years, the countries of Central Asia have experienced some of the fastest growing rates of HIV infection in the world. One of the key populations at risk is men who have sex with men.
Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes. The verdict is logical. Yet a look at known trends suggests changes ...
Researchers analyzing the DNA of over 5,000 purebreds and mixed breeds alike say dogs were domesticated in Central Asia - likely near modern-day Nepal or M
The meeting, which took place in Tbilisi, Georgia on 27-28 April, convened representatives from 12 eastern European and central Asian countries with international experts and development partners working in the area of maternal and perinatal health. Over the course of the two days, participants discussed implementation of the renewed WHO recommendations on antenatal care.. The recommendations developed by WHO are based on new evidence collected during last 15 years. They aim to provide a positive pregnancy experience for all pregnant women, as well as to reduce pregnancy complications and cases of stillbirth.. ...
From here on in it is a crapshoot. We cannot expect to get any good information out of Africa or India, so there will be no real warning. And there will be multiple waves of mutation, recombination and human infections. I bet at least a quarter of the rural human population in the areas where this virus has been present for a while have some H5 immunity. Africans, Europeans, some central Asian populations and the New Worlders wont; nor will the native wildlife populations. So it may well hit harder in those areas ...
In 2015, an estimated 323 000 new tuberculosis (TB) cases and relapses (incident cases) occurred in countries of the WHO European Region, equivalent to 35.5 cases per 100 000 population. Since 2000, TB incidence in the Region decreased. During 2006-2015, the average decline was 5.4% per year. As for 2011-2015 the decline slowed down to 4.3% per year, and continued to slow down further in 2015 by 3.3% compared to 2014. Yet, despite being the fastest decline in the world compared to other WHO Regions, there is a need for faster decline in TB incidence, if the Region is to meet the targets of End TB Strategy by 2035.. One in five multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases globally was estimated to have occurred in the European Region in 2015. The alarmingly high rates of MDR-TB in most of the eastern European countries and central Asian countries represent one of the main challenges of TB control in the WHO European Region. In 2015, an estimated 16% of new cases and 48% of previously treated cases had ...
Rare archival footage illustrates the disturbing and amazing stories of their struggle for equality, reflected in the history of this Central Asian country during the past quarter-century of political turmoil. Born in Britain, Kathleen Foster has been a New York-based photojournalist and documentary filmmaker since the 1970s. She studied photography at the New School for Social Research with Lisette Model. Her photos appeared in publications such as the New York Times, Scholastic Magazines, Time, Village Voice, Food and Wine Magazine, Fortune Magazine, Institutional Investor and Z Magazine. Her work is represented in the collections of the Chase Manhattan Bank, The Museum of the City of New York, York College and private collectors.. For more information, contact Bonnie Blustein ([email protected]) or visit www.kathleenfoster.com. EXHIBIT:. West Hosts Art Exhibit Examining the Shared Consciousness. Newmans Subconscious, a group exhibition of contemporary art meant to stimulate confusion and ...
the Central Asian dastan (ornate oral history), written in Turki, which has been the literary language of Central Asia since the fourteenth century, they were able to read it with ease. Yet this text contains material that was compiled from the very area which, according to the same elders, possesses a different Kirghiz dialect.. This discrepancy, between perception on the one hand and practice on the other, may also provide a clue to the large-scale linguistic unity found among the various tribes. The written language, especially because it is set down in the Arabic script, conceals the distinctions between phonetics of various tongues. Thus one basic language, complete with its grammar, vocabulary and syntax, may masquerade as many when spoken with different accents. This phenomenon of "different languages" or the creation thereof was encouraged, indeed enforced, and their "existence" propagandized by the Soviet authorities, and prior to that by their tsarist predecessors.[6]. The Kirghiz of ...
Central Asian governments have a unique opportunity to prevent an explosion of HIV infections from spreading from high-risk groups, especially intravenous drug users, to the general population, experts said at an Almaty conference.
Dynamics and timing of paleoglaciation on opposite flanks of the Ikh-Turgen Mountains, Central Asia. NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS). Blomdin, Robin; Stroeven, Arjen P.; Harbor, Jonathan M.; Gribenski, Natacha; Caffee, Marc W.; Heyman, Jakob; Rogozhina, Irina; Ivanov, Mikhail N.; Petrakov, Dmitry A.; Walther, Michael; Rudoy, Alexei N.; Zhang, Wei; Alexander, Orkhonselenge; Hättestrand, Clas; Lifton, Nathaniel A.; Jansson, Krister N.. 2017-04-01. Spanning a northern sector of continental Central Asia, the Altai Mountains contains a rich record of glaciation. Still, there are few studies reconstructing the dynamics and timing of former glaciers in the region. We investigated the glacial history of two paleoglaciers, residing on opposite flanks of the Ikh-Turgen Mountains, straddling the border between Russia and Mongolia, using a combination of remote sensing, terrain analysis, field investigations and 10Be surface exposure dating. On the eastern side (Mongolia) of Ikh-Turgen, mean arithmetic ...
Y-chromosomal haplogroup G1 is a minor component of the overall gene pool of South-West and Central Asia but reaches up to 80% frequency in some populations scattered within this area. We have genotyped the G1-defining marker M285 in 27 Eurasian populations (n= 5,346), analyzed 367 M285-positive samples using 17 Y-STRs, and sequenced ~11 Mb of the Y-chromosome in 20 of these samples to an average coverage of 67X. This allowed detailed phylogenetic reconstruction. We identified five branches, all with high geographical specificity: G1-L1323 in Kazakhs, the closely related G1-GG1 in Mongols, G1-GG265 in Armenians and its distant brother clade G1-GG162 in Bashkirs, and G1-GG362 in West Indians. The haplotype diversity, which decreased from West Iran to Central Asia, allows us to hypothesize that this rare haplogroup could have been carried by the expansion of Iranic speakers northwards to the Eurasian steppe and via founder effects became a predominant genetic component of some populations, including the
Y-chromosomal haplogroup G1 is a minor component of the overall gene pool of South-West and Central Asia but reaches up to 80% frequency in some populations scattered within this area. We have genotyped the G1-defining marker M285 in 27 Eurasian populations (n= 5,346), analyzed 367 M285-positive samples using 17 Y-STRs, and sequenced ~11 Mb of the Y-chromosome in 20 of these samples to an average coverage of 67X. This allowed detailed phylogenetic reconstruction. We identified five branches, all with high geographical specificity: G1-L1323 in Kazakhs, the closely related G1-GG1 in Mongols, G1-GG265 in Armenians and its distant brother clade G1-GG162 in Bashkirs, and G1-GG362 in West Indians. The haplotype diversity, which decreased from West Iran to Central Asia, allows us to hypothesize that this rare haplogroup could have been carried by the expansion of Iranic speakers northwards to the Eurasian steppe and via founder effects became a predominant genetic component of some populations, including the
For example, in 68 countries around the world, laws and regulations that criminalize same-sex sexual relations still exist. In 17 countries, transgender people are being prosecuted. In 116 countries, the services of prostitutes are considered crime, and in 33 countries they are executed for drug-related crimes. All these measures are driving people underground. They are afraid to seek help, to be tested. This means that the virus is detected at a late stage, treatment begins late, many do not comply with the treatment regimen and thus increases the risk of spreading the disease ...
This book provides a review of progress in achieving the Strategys objectives, and provides a solid analytical base for discussions on future environmental co-operation between EECCA countries and their partners.
Environment News, Reports, Government Documents, Court Cases, Policy Papers, Data, Statistics, presentations, reviews, Press releases, Opinions and Analysis & more from India and South Asia.
This report focuses on data findings on the continuum of HIV care submitted by countries in Europe and Central Asia for the 2018 round of reporting on implementation of the Dublin Declaration on Partnership to Fight HIV & AIDS in Europe and Central Asia. ...
The Dutch government is continuing with its policy of time-limited and conditional support to rejected asylum seekers who cannot be removed, despite international criticism of its approach. The number of shelter spaces for asylum-seekers has been drastically reduced. Powers allowing authorities to impose administrative restrictions on people suspected of involvement in
The 2019 law bans full-face coverings in several designated public places, raising concerns about discrimination against Muslim women. The government uses its power to strip citizens with dual nationality of their Dutch passport if they join a terrorist group overseas. Authorities have ended a policy allowing unaccompanied undocumented children and children from asylum seeking
As Ukraine faces one of the worlds worst measles outbreaks, doctors and parents work together to dispel myths about vaccines ...
My fascination for these subjects started in the 80 s by reading the book of Peter Hopkirk about the travels and explorations of Aurel Stein in Central Asia at the beginning of the 20th century. Over the Silk Road through Central Asia, the Taklamakan Desert, Bokhara and Samarkand I arrived in the 13th century and followed the building of a world empire by Genghis Khan, his sons and grandsons. His most famous grand son was Khubilai Khan and with him I ended in the Yuan Dynasty in the time when Marco Polo visited China and since than I never stopped reading ...
Deep in a warren of dusty alleys in a north Indian village, an unmarked house serves as a refuge for a young couple who fear for their lives.
The U.N. urged the world Thursday to step up quake relief efforts as rescuers reach out to as many as 3 million homeless as winter approaches.
Nova publishes a wide array of books and journals from authors around the globe, focusing on Medicine and Health, Science and Technology and the Social Sciences and Humanities.. We publish over 1,500 new titles per year by leading researchers each year, and have a network of expert authors, editors and advisors spanning the global academic community in pursuit of advanced research developments.. We invite you to browse our site to find the books or journals of particular interest to you.. Headquarters ...
the assemblage of animal species, generally excluding domestic animals, living within a defined geographical area or ecological zone.
The African Sahel will descend into large-scale drought, famine, war and terrorist control if immediate, coordinated steps are not taken to avert the perfect storm of climate change and the most rapidly growing population in the world, according to a report findings from the first international, multidisciplinary meeting on the region.
The Aral Sea in central Asia was once one of the worlds most fertile regions - but gross economic mismanagement is fast turning the area into a toxic desert.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA), which encompasses 30 countries, is diverse both culturally and linguistically, with little but geography tying them together.1 Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, ECA health systems faced severe challenges. Scarce resources, weak governance structures, and a lack of accountability inherited from the past have plagued efforts to improve access, quality, and efficiency. Social and economic upheavals associated with transition have compounded the challenges.2 Since 2000, substantial investments to improve health care access in the region have focused on rebuilding and restoring health facilities.1,3,4 Despite investments, poor quality of care has been entrenched, frustrating obvious opportunity to rapidly improve the health status of the ECA population.2,4. A significant determinant of population health outcomes is the quality of care provided specifically for noncommunicable, obstetric, and pediatric services.5-8 Access to and use of high-quality ...
Voice of America is an international news and broadcast organization serving Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Russia, the Middle East and Balkan countries
Alammehrjerdi, Z., Ezard, N., Clare, P., Shakeri, A., Babhadiashar, N., Mokri, A., & Dolan, K. (2016). Brief cognitive-behavioural therapy for methamphetamine use among methadone-maintained women: a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Journal of Addiction Research and Therapy, 7(4), 1000294. doi: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000294. Link Allsop, D. J., & Copeland, J. (2016). Age at first cannabis use moderates EEG markers of recovery from cannabis. Journal of Substance Use, 21(4), 400-406. doi: 10.3109/14659891.2015.1040090. Link Altice, F. L., Azbel, L., Stone, J., Brooks-Pollock, E., Smyrnov, P., Dvoriak, S., Taxman, F. S., El-Bassel, N., Martin, N. K., Booth, R., Stöver, H., Dolan, K., & Vickerman, P. (2016). The perfect storm: incarceration and the high-risk environment perpetuating transmission of HIV, hepatitis C virus, and tuberculosis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The Lancet, 388, 1228-12248. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30856-X. Link Barratt, M. J., Ferris, J. A., & Winstock, A. R. ...
The 500,000 year-old pathogen responsible for tuberculosis (TB) has infected 1 out of every 3 people on the planet, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).. Though other worldwide infectious diseases, such as HIV, influenza, malaria, and hepatitis, often steal the limelight, the bacterium responsible for TB, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is incredibly prevalent, and could prove to be a much greater threat. Modern diagnostics and pharmaceuticals provide healthcare professionals with weapons to identify and wage pharmaceutical war against this disease, but WHO recently reported that drug-resistant forms of the bacteria are on the rise in eastern Europe and Central Asia, allowing evolved strains to kill 50% of those infected. In an effort to crack down on TB in the US, which has only about 4% of the population infected, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued new guidelines that provide a faster, more straightforward regimen that can reduce the time of treatment by ...
The Dalian University of Technology (DUT) Power Press is under the preparation for "Cultural and Technical Communications for One Belt One Road (OBOR)" sponsored by the Ministry of Finance of PRC in three years (2017-2019).. The strategy "OBOR", also named "Go Out", aims at setting up cooperation relationship between China and its partner countries on OBOR that refers to two routes, one running westward from China and crossing central Asia and eventually reaching Western Europe, and another linking China with Southeast Asia, South Asia and Africa before arriving in Europe.. The DUT Power Press is the regional partner of GWP China. For several years, it has engaged in the promotion of OBOR from cultural and technical aspects. Upon the academic strengths of water construction and maritime, the DUT is rich in research, technology and knowledge of water and marine, and impact of climate on water and ocean. In addition to its conventional disciplines, the DUT Power Press has invested labour, ...
Tuberculosis represents a major global health concern that kills more than a million people each year and significantly incapacitates up to ten times more than this. While it is currently most prevalent in low-income countries, cases arise everywhere. Drug-resistant forms of the disease are a major emergent concern especially in Central Asia and Eastern Europe, but the potential for these to become even more widespread is substantial. Despite decades of concerted research, no effective vaccine for tuberculosis has yet been developed, and the most widely used drugs to treat it remain limited by toxicity and other problems.. ...
On World Hepatitis Day, EHRN calls for civil society to demand HCV treatment price reduction in Eastern Europe and Central Asia in order for the millions of people living with HCV to gain access to life saving drugs.
DNA sequence indicates the Lacertidae contain two subfamilies, Gallotiinae and Lacertinae, the latter comprising two monophyletic tribes, the Eremiadini of Africa and arid southwest and central Asia, and the Lacertini of Europe, northwest Africa and southwest and east Asia. Relationships within the 108 species of Lacertini are explored using mtDNA (291 bp cytochrome b; 329 bp 12S rRNA for 59 nominal species, and reanalysis of the data of Harris et al. 1998, and Fu 2000). The morphology of the tribe is reviewed and 64 of its characters (equivalent to 83 binary ones) also used to assess relationships. The Lacertini are assigned to 19 monophyletic units of 1 to 27 species, recognised here as the following genera (contents are indicated in brackets): Algyroides, Anatololacerta gen. nov. (L. danfordi group), Apathya (L. cappadocica group), Archaeolacerta (L. bedriagae), Dalmatolacerta gen. nov. (L. oxycephala), Darevskia (L. saxicola group), Dinarolacerta gen. nov. (L. mosorensis), Hellenolacerta ...
DNA sequence indicates the Lacertidae contain two subfamilies, Gallotiinae and Lacertinae, the latter comprising two monophyletic tribes, the Eremiadini of Africa and arid southwest and central Asia, and the Lacertini of Europe, northwest Africa and southwest and east Asia. Relationships within the 108 species of Lacertini are explored using mtDNA (291 bp cytochrome b; 329 bp 12S rRNA for 59 nominal species, and reanalysis of the data of Harris et al. 1998, and Fu 2000). The morphology of the tribe is reviewed and 64 of its characters (equivalent to 83 binary ones) also used to assess relationships. The Lacertini are assigned to 19 monophyletic units of 1 to 27 species, recognised here as the following genera (contents are indicated in brackets): Algyroides, Anatololacerta gen. nov. (L. danfordi group), Apathya (L. cappadocica group), Archaeolacerta (L. bedriagae), Dalmatolacerta gen. nov. (L. oxycephala), Darevskia (L. saxicola group), Dinarolacerta gen. nov. (L. mosorensis), Hellenolacerta ...
A native of Central Asia, cannabis (hemp) may have been cultivated as long as 10,000 years ago. It was certainly cultivated in China by 4000 BC and in Turkestan by 3000 BC. It has long been used as a medicine in India, China, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, South Africa, and South America. The first evidence of the medicinal use of cannabis is an herbal published during the reign of the Chinese emperor Chen Nung 5000 years ago. It was recommended for malaria, constipation, rheumatic pains, "absentmindedness", and "female disorders." Another Chinese herbalist recommended a mixture of hemp, resin, and wine as an analgesic during surgery. In India cannabis had been recommended to quicken the mind, lower fevers, induce sleep, cure dysentery, stimulate appetite, improve digestion, relieve headache, and cure venereal disease. In Africa it was used for dysentery, malaria, and other fevers. Today certain tribes treat snakebite with hemp or smoke it before childbirth. Hemp was also noted as a remedy by ...
There are now sufficient high-quality Y-chromosome data available (especially Poznik et al. [58]) to be able to draw clear conclusions about the timing and direction of dispersal of R1a (Fig. 5). The indigenous South Asian subclades are too young to signal Early Neolithic dispersals from Iran, and strongly support Bronze Age incursions from Central Asia. The derived R1a-Z93 and the further derived R1a-Z94 subclades harbour the bulk of Central and South Asian R1a lineages [55, 58], as well as including some Russian and European lineages, and have been variously dated to 5.6 [4.0;7.3] ka [55], 4.5-5.3 ka with expansions ~4.0-4.5 ka [58], or 4.7 [4.0;5.5] ka (Yfull tree v4.10 [54]). The South Asian R1a-L657, dated to ~4.2 ka [3.3;5.1] (Yfull tree v4.10 [54]]), is the largest (in the 1KG dataset) of several closely related subclades within R1a-Z94 of very similar time depth. Moreover, not only has R1a been found in all Sintashta and Sintashta-derived Andronovo and Srubnaya remains analysed to date ...
Here are some deformed head reconstructions that have been sent in to me recently, The one above is a reconstruction of a Mayan skull (that has also been trepanned)and the one below is of a Hunnish woman from Central Asia. Both are continuing on the tradition of the Aristocracy of Atlantis during the last days of the Ice Age via the tradition conveyed to the Middle east in the earliest Neolithic of the Postglacial. It seems that by the end of the Pleistocene the custom had also spread to the Sundaland area, Eastern Asia and even Australia, possibly because of trade connections to Atlantis with resulting cultural exchange, but also possibly indirectly by way of Africa. That part is not very clear and it is puzzling ...
Introduction. Moderate-to-severe wasting, i.e. weight-for-length less than 2 standard deviations from the median value of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)/WHO/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) distribution (1), continues to be a public health problem in developing countries. It has been estimated that 9.4% of preschool children in the developing world, i.e. about 50 million children, were affected by wasting in 1995. The highest prevalences were about 15.5% in the southern part of Central Asia and in West Africa and 10.4% in South-east Asia (2). Considerable experience in the management of severe cases of wasting has been gained over the last 50 years (3). Children with mild-to-moderate wasting are often referred to supplementary feeding programmes. The efficacy of community-based supplementary feeding in curing such wasting has been difficult to demonstrate because of weaknesses in study design and implementation (4). However, we have shown that a cure can be ...
The higher age-standardised prevalence rates amongst women for visual impairment was observed in all 21 GBD regions, as shown in the 21 Regional Summaries.. Interestingly, the gender ratio was highest in two High-Income regions (1.19 in Asia Pacific and 1.16 in Western Europe). The lowest gender ratios were seen in less economically developed parts of the world (Tropical Latin America 1.01, and Central Latin America, Southern Sub-Saharan Africa, and Central Asia - all 1.02). This may be attributable to residual confounding, despite the controls of the age-standardised calculations, due to longer survival of women and hence over-representation in very high ages, particularly seen in higher-income countries.. ...
Looking for Avars? Find out information about Avars. mounted nomad people who in the 4th and 5th cent. dominated the steppes of central Asia. Dislodged by stronger tribes, the Avars pushed west, increasing... Explanation of Avars
Countries and places in Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Middle East, Europe and West Africa - especially those that have experienced outbreaks in 2005/06, 2009/10 and/or 2014/15 (as shown in Maps 2, 3 and 4) - should be on alert over the next 6 to 12 months, as westward and southern spread of the H5N8 virus is likely. If the virus enters Egypt or West Africa, where H5N1 HPAI viruses are already present or even entrenched in poultry populations it would further complicate disease control. ...
Continuity and Innovation - Towards a more effective response to HIV. AIDS Action Europe brings together civil society to work towards a more effective response to the HIV epidemic in Europe and Central Asia.
Continuity and Innovation - Towards a more effective response to HIV. AIDS Action Europe brings together civil society to work towards a more effective response to the HIV epidemic in Europe and Central Asia.
The texts in this place [in the Tarikh-i-Rashidi], have Darband-i-Ahanin, or "Iron Gate," but in all other places Kulugha, the name by which this pass was usually known. It is often mentioned by ancient travellers, but has very rarely been visited in modern times, at any rate up to within the last few years, or before the Russians became possessors of Samarkand and Khokand. The gates, in ancient times, were a reality, for the Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang, who passed the Darband in 630 A.D., describes the defile as "closed by folding gates clamped with iron." (See Sir H. Yule in Woods Oxus, 1872, p. lxix.) At the time of Chingiz Khan, when Chinese travellers frequently went backward and forwards between China and the conquerors camp in various parts of Central Asia, the pass of the Iron Gates is frequently mentioned under the name of Tie-men-Kuan (literally, Iron Gate barrier) ; and one of them, the Taoist monk Cháng Chun, describes his passage through the defile in 1222, with carts and an ...
US President Donald Trump called Prime Minister Narendra Modi last evening. The two leaders discussed the security situation in South and Central Asia, in their first discussion since Mr Trump was sworn-in as US President. India and the United States will "stand shoulder to shoulder" to fight global terrorism, the White House said later.. Addressing the media after the two leaders spoke, the White House said, strengthening the defence partnership between the US and India was among the various topics that came up during their talks. Extending cooperation in various sectors, especially the military was discussed. "President Trump emphasised that the United States considers India a true friend and partner in addressing challenges around the world," the White House said.. The significance of US partnership with India was reflected in the fact that President Trump called Prime Minister Modi before he spoke with important allies like Britain, Germany and Japan or major powers like China and Russia ...
The Indian subcontinent is one such shatter zone. It is defined on its landward sides by the hard geographic borders of the Himalayas to the north, the Burmese jungle to the east, and the somewhat softer border of the Indus River to the west. Indeed, the border going westward comes in three stages: the Indus; the unruly crags and canyons that push upward to the shaved wastes of Central Asia, home to the Pashtun tribes; and, finally, the granite, snow-mantled massifs of the Hindu Kush, transecting Afghanistan itself. Because these geographic impediments are not contiguous with legal borders, and because barely any of Indias neighbors are functional states, the current political organization of the subcontinent should not be taken for granted. You see this acutely as you walk up to and around any of these land borders, the weakest of which, in my experience, are the official ones-a mere collection of tables where cranky bureaucrats inspect your luggage. Especially in the west, the only border ...
The Tien Shan in central Asia is the worlds largest and most active intracontinental orogen, with a shortening rate of 20 mm/yr. Its tectonic reactivation started 20-25 Ma, which has been attributed to the India-Eurasia collision. Despite many geological and geophysical studies in the Tien Shan, the mechanism of building this intraplate mountain belt remains debatable. Here I constructed a 3-D shear-wave velocity model beneath the central Tien Shan using Rayleigh-wave data recorded at 41 broadband stations in the study area. Phase velocities are obtained from the two-plane-wave inversion at periods of 20 to 133 s and from the ambient noise tomography at 8 to 30 s and are used to determine shear-wave velocity variations beneath the central Tien Shan. Low-velocity anomalies in the upper crust correlate well with thick sediments in the Tarim basin, Lake Issky Kul, and Naryn basin. The lowest velocity in the lower crust is beneath the central high range, suggesting a weak crust. A fast velocity ...
To review the emerging challenges to both forest policy research and policy processes in support of knowledge-based development strategies in Pan-European and global context; to evaluate the present state-of art and practical capacity strengthening issues in forest science Eforest policy development interface in terms of country cases in Balkan, CIS-, CEEC and West and Central Asia region; to discuss the contribution of policy sciences and socio-economics to forest policy development processes; to deliberate the future options and strategies for capacity strengthening in region-based working groups, followed by recommendations for future actions on networking, partnership arrangements ...
This handsome, finger-like, purple plant is native to Europe, western and central Asia, and northwestern Africa. Its often grown ornamentally in the US,
Contrary to the Three Cups of Tea portrayal of Gilgit-Bultistan as a place with little educational opportunity, it is one of the regions in Pakistan that has demonstrated true educational transformation over the last 50 years. In 1946, just prior to partition from India, there were an estimated six primary schools and one middle school for the entire region. Today there are over 1,800 primary, 500 middle, 420 high schools, and almost 40 higher education institutions. Girls are often noted to be outperforming boys and staying in school longer. It is true that community leadership and civil society organizations have played a major role in this transformation; it just was not Mortensons Central Asia Institute. When I asked the governor of Gilgit-Bultistan, Pir Syed Karam Ali Shah, how this education transformation came about, he was quick to point to the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), a network of private, international, nondenominational development organizations, an assertion with which ...
In order to understand fully the purpose and scope of this particular part of the survey conducted by the Mayors Committee on Marihuana, a brief digest of the history of the growth and usage of this drug is essential. Indian hemp, from which marihuana (the American synonym for hashish) is obtained, has been known to man for more than three thousand years. This plant, although originally indigenous to Central Asia, is now found in practically every section of the world, growing either wild or cultivated, legally or illegally. When originally discovered, the use to which this plant was principally put was the conversion of its fiber for commerical purposes in the production of cord, twine and textiles. Shortly thereafter its pharmaceutical properties were employed in the practice of medicine and surgery. Authoritative proof is available that the Chinese found it valuable as an effective anesthetic in surgery as far back as two thousand years. It was not until approximately the tenth century that ...
Sanskrit belongs to the "Indo-European" group of languages, and that means it is in fact related to some languages of modern Europe, and Central Asia. But how can one say that these languages are really related? Remarkably, language evolution can be mapped just like genetic evolution. The Sanskrit root Asti becomes Esti in ancient Greek, est in Latin and modern Romance languages, ist in German and, you said it, is in English. The Sanskrit nama becomes onama in Greek, nomen in Latin, and name in English. But are similar words enough to show language relations? No, because similar words could also be "loan words" (which will come a little later in this post). Relationships are also subtler, with shared grammatical forms not obvious at first glance. The singular form of Sanskrit asmi (I am) is sum in Latin, asi (you are) is es in Latin, and asti (s/he is) is est. This relationship is maintained with the plural. Sanskrit pashyamaha (we se) is Latin specimus, pashyatha (you see) is specitis, and ...
Garlic is wild progenor that originated in the high planes of West - Central Asia. It has been widely used as food and medicine. Its effects have been demonstrated in both animals and humans. The aim ...
reduce the number by 2 points 17-19 years from 2 generic 10 mg tablets assistance online uk sales ez no prescription pharmacy buy levitra usa for sale vardenafil dosage best place to without cheap order cost of at costco viagra cialis 5 to 12 2 mu / l, in the eleventh century, they created the work of specialists of Central Asia - Biruni (Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al -Biruni, 973-1051) Gathering Information recognition of jewelery (1048) and Avicenna (Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdullah ibn al Khosa Ali Ibn Sina, 980-1037) the Canon of medicine Surprisingly, a physician prominent in his day, Avicenna says that all the stones with something useful, and mathematician and astronomer Biruni was not converted stone and legends often ends with the words, experience has not confirmed or even rude and there is no end to this nonsense cheaper australia suppliers vardenafil walmart get soft tabs best price 100 mg levitra cheapest buy online mail order where can i no prescription in canada of uk cheap ...
Whereas most other types of crushers use metallic parts to crush rock, Barmac ... The high velocity impact crushing achieved in a Barmac VSI improves the ... The primary path for the feed material is through the stone lined rotor where ... Steinexpo 2017 · Mining World Central Asia · zenith Waste Recycling Dealer Seminar.. Get Price ...
... (Mongolian: шагай, pronounced [ʃɑʁɑi]), chükö (Kyrgyz: чүкө [tʃykœ́]), asyk/ashyk/oshuq (Kazakh: асық [ɑsə́q];Turkish: aşık; Tajik: ошуқ [ɒʃuq]) refers to the astragalus of the ankle of a sheep or goat. The bones are collected and used for traditional games and fortune-telling throughout Central Asia, and games involving the ankle bones may also be referred to by the name of the bones. They may be painted bright colours. Such bones have been used throughout history, and are thought to be the…
The patchwork and quilts of Central Asia mark every aspect of traditional life from birth to death-touching each segment of society in vibrant and meaningful ways. "Sacred Scraps" moves the viewer into and through a cycle of life via the region ...
Gregory Itzin plays one the most Machiavellian presidents in TV history, leading a government-wide conspiracy to secure oil in Central Asia for the good ol' USA. The reality: President Logan's heavy hand in the oil conspiracy, as well as his resignation from office, make him the clearest counterpart...
Maya Saparova paid my wife Margaret and me a kindly tribute in comparing us to two swans. Alas, since my wife died, the male swan is grounded and flies no more. Margaret was hoping to fly with me to Ashkhabad in 1994. She had then developed a slight heart problem, an enlarged left ventricle. She thought the heat would be harmful for her, and her doctor advised her against the journey. Both she and I regretted it. But later she participated eagerly in arranging my English version of Makhtumkulis poems for publication, and was always eager for news from Central Asia and the land of Makhtumkuli. The heart problem masked something more serious. It was not until July of 1997 that she was found to be suffering from cancer of the pancreas. She bore the news as bravely as could be - more bravely than I, certainly - but died within four months. My beautiful and elegant wife, being of a calm clear spirit, was always equable of temper. Her smile was irresistible. She radiated courage and love upon all our ...
I. CHINESE TURKESTAN When Jenghiz Khan died (1227) his second son, Djagatai, had the greater part of Central Asia for his share of the inheritance: his empire included not only Mávará-un-Nahr, between the Syr Daria and the Amu Daria, but also Ferghana, Badakhshan, Chinese ...
The Genetic Landscape of Diabetes introduces the reader to what diabetes is-from its discovery thousands of years ago to our modern-day understanding of how this disease, characterized by high blood sugar, develops.
What is CMS? CMS is the Convention on Migratory Species (the full name is the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals). It is also known as the Bonn Convention, because the intergovernmental conference where the Convention was negotiated took place in Bonn in 1979. How long has CMS existed? The text was negotiated in 1979 and the Convention entered into force on 1 November 1983 after 15 Governments had ratified it. The Secretariat that administers the Convention was established in 1984.
By Peter Strahl. For centuries, the Poles have celebrated April 9, 1241 as a day of great victory over the Golden Horde of the Mongols (called at that time "Tartars" or "Tatars") near Liegnitz-a day that turned back forever the threat of Central Asian conquest.. ...
The art of carpet weaving has been in existence for almost 3,000 years and formed an integral part of ancient Persian and Central Asian culture. The
The art of carpet weaving has been in existence for almost 3,000 years and formed an integral part of ancient Persian and Central Asian culture. The
Specific responses to PM among the most resistant Central Asian accessions (a) Multiple factor analysis (MFA) of the seven PM-partially resistant genotypes usin
To answer the question, why do we need a new medical journal in Central Asia, it is essential to understand that with transition to the new standards of scientific research in majority of Central Asian countries, the crucial need in change of approaches in biomedical publishing corresponding to worldwide standards has emerged. A sharp transition to new standards in science in several countries like Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan caused situation, when:. 1. State policy requirements to scientific research in these countries become equivalent to generally accepted in the world.. 2. Development in medicine and medical technologies in these countries made necessary new requirements for academic advancement - publications in journals indexed in PUBMED, Scopus, Web of Science and PMC.. 3. Modern mentality of researchers demands new platform for expression of thoughts and ideas. 4. Condition of medical periodical journals, published in Central Asian countries do not always conform the ...
associated Professor at the Department of world economy of the Tajikistan state University of cooperation, World Economy Department. THE PROBLEMS OF CONFLICT SITUATIONS DEVELOPMENT IN CENTRAL ASIA AND THE PROCESS OF THEIR RESOLUTION. This article contains an analysis of potential conflicts in Central Asia, the basis of which is a peacebuilding strategy in the region. With the exception of the Tajik war of the early 1990s, in spite of the often expressed fears there was a fairly peaceful situation in Central Asia since the independence came in 1991 and till the end. However, the problems, on the basis of which the conflict may emerge, have not disappeared, moreover, they were supplemented by a number of new factors, connected primarily with the political development of the Central Asian states and the whole region after 1991.. Keywords: Central Asia, conflict, political conflict, peaceful situation, region of potential conflicts.. ...
Echinococcosis, caused by the zoonotic cestodes Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) and Echinococcus multilocularis, is highly endemic in the Central Asian Republic of Kyrgyzstan, and is being identified increasingly as a public health problem, especially amongst pastoral communities. As domestic dogs are considered to be the main source of human infection, the identification of potential transmission pathways is of relevance when considering implementing an echinococcosis control scheme. The current report describes the results of an analytical study of canine Echinococcus coproantigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) prevalence in the Alay valley of southern Kyrgyzstan prior to the commencement of regular praziquantel dosing of dogs. A logistic regression model using a form of Bayes modal estimation was used to identify possible risk factors for coproantigen positivity, and the output was interpreted in a Bayesian context (posterior distributions of the coefficients of interest). The ...
Bride kidnapping remains a common practice in a handful of countries. And when young women are kidnapped into marriage, their babies pay a price, suggests new research from Duke University. The researchers looked at the Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan, where bride kidnapping remains widespread. Infants born to kidnapped brides had birthweights 80 to 190 grams lower than other babies, says the new paper, which appears online in Demography.
Cosmetology services (cosmetology) in Uzbekistan - list of companies and organizations operating in Tashkent and Uzbekistan in the sphere of activity Cosmetology services (cosmetology) in Uzbekistan - Directory of Tashkent and Uzbekistan
have been sequenced. Although all samples were obtained from individuals residing in Uzbekistan, individuals with direct ancestry from neighboring Central Asian countries are included. Individuals of Uzbek ancestry represent five distinct geographic regions of Uzbekistan: Fergana, Karakalpakstan, Khorezm, Qashkadarya, and Tashkent. Individuals with direct ancestry in nearby countries originate from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. Our data reinforce the evidence of distinct clinal patterns that have been described among Central Asian populations with classical, mtDNA, and Y-chromosomal markers. Our data also reveal hallmarks of recent demographic events. Despite their current close geographic proximity, the populations with ancestry in neighboring countries show little sign of admixture and retain the primary mtDNA patterns of their source populations. The genetic distances and haplogroup distributions among the ethnic populations are more indicative of ...
Household appliances - list of companies and organizations operating in Tashkent and Uzbekistan in the sphere of activity Household appliances - Directory of Tashkent and Uzbekistan
This data set provides temperature and precipitation data from 298 meteorological stations in the Northern Tien Shan and Pamir Mountain Ranges of Central Asia, specifically from stations in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The period of record covered by each station is variable, however, most stations have almost 100 years of observations with the earliest record from 1879 and the latest from 2003. The data are stored as tab-delimited ASCII text format, Microsoft Excel, and PDF, and are availabe via FTP.
Activities of the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE). ECE/ESCAP visits to SPECA countries. In February 2004, Secretary-General Kofi Annan wrote to the Presidents of the six countries which are members of the UN Special Programme for the Economies of Central Asia (SPECA): Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. In his letter the Secretary-General reconfirmed the importance of SPECA and the United Nations commitment to it. He also suggested that the Executive Secretaries of ECE and ESCAP the two entities jointly implementing the Programme undertake high-level visits to SPECA countries to discuss with their leaders how to strengthen the programme.. Ms. Brigita Schm gnerov , Executive Secretary of ECE, and Mr. Kim Hak-Su, Executive Secretary of ESCAP, visited Uzbekistan from 20-21 May 2004. This was followed by visits to Turkmenistan (26-27 May) and Tajikistan (2-3 June). The Executive Secretaries discussed the future of SPECA with the Heads of Governments of ...
This study sought to assess the feasibility and acceptability of introducing medical abortion up to 63 days LMP in Uzbekistan, with the option of home administration of misoprostol. Findings include a high success rate and high acceptability among participants. In addition, almost all women chose to administer the misoprostol at home.. Access the abstract.. ...
To better define the structure and origin of the Bulgarian paternal gene pool, we have examined the Y-chromosome variation in 808 Bulgarian males. The analysis was performed by high-resolution genotyping of biallelic markers and by analyzing the STR variation within the most informative haplogroups. We found that the Y-chromosome gene pool in modern Bulgarians is primarily represented by Western Eurasian haplogroups with ~ 40% belonging to haplogroups E-V13 and I-M423, and 20% to R-M17. Haplogroups common in the Middle East (J and G) and in South Western Asia (R-L23*) occur at frequencies of 19% and 5%, respectively. Haplogroups C, N and Q, distinctive for Altaic and Central Asian Turkic-speaking populations, occur at the negligible frequency of only 1.5%. Principal Component analyses group Bulgarians with European populations, apart from Central Asian Turkic-speaking groups and South Western Asia populations. Within the country, the genetic variation is structured in Western, Central and ...
On a road trip to Shangri-La / In the shadow of Mount Everest in Tibet lies the tragic Buddhist monastery that might have inspired Lost Horizon [...] the less said about the facilities the better. Destinations all over Central Asia claim to be the real-life inspiration for James Hiltons 1933 novel, Lost Horizon, but my money is on the Rongbuk Monastery at the foot of Mount Everest in Tibet. The British Everest expeditions of the 1920s used it as their base camp, and they returned home with stories of wizened Buddhist monks living in splendid isolation in a valley walled off by Himalayan peaks. Get out a detailed topographic map of the Everest area and run your finger a few miles to the southwest, just over Nepalese frontier. The Tibetan plateau, about the size of western Europe, is the loftiest land mass on the planet, crowned by colossal snow peaks scraping the Central Asian sky: Most tours actually use Toyota Land Cruisers, but in Tibet, as in East Africa, Land Rover has become the
Conveniently located near the worlds fastest growing energy markets, the resource-rich and transit countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia contribute significantly to world energy security. However, shared challenges across the region include aged infrastructure, high energy intensity, low energy efficiency, untapped alternative energy potential and poorly functioning regional energy markets.. This publication highlights the energy policies and sector developments of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan during 2013-14 and provides a summary of key recommendations for policy makers in the region.. Energy policy analysis is conducted in line with the INOGATE Programmes four main pillars of energy development: energy market convergence, energy security, sustainable development and investment attraction. Started in 1996, the INOGATE Programme is one of the longest running energy technical assistance ...
Central and South Asia[edit]. See also: Sintashta culture. Studies also point to the strong presence of Yamnaya descent in the ... 2018). "The Genomic Formation of South and Central Asia". doi:10.1101/292581.. Cite journal requires ,journal=. (help). ... They are also closely connected to Final Neolithic cultures, which later spread throughout Europe and Central Asia, especially ... as well as populations of central Asia (east of Iran and south of the steppe), which may reveal more proximate sources of the ...
Histories merely note the fact of pre-Mongol Central Asia's Islamization.[44] The Bulgars of the Volga (to whom the modern ... Central Asia[edit]. See also: Islamic conquest of Afghanistan and Muslim conquest of Transoxiana ... South Asia[edit]. See also: Islam in South Asia, Mughal Empire, Islam in Bangladesh, and Islam in India ... Significant conversions also occurred beyond the extents of the empire such as that of the Turkic tribes in Central Asia and ...
3.1 Central America. *3.2 East Asia *3.2.1 China. *3.2.2 Japan ... Central America[edit]. In Central America, the seeds of the ... Southeast Asia[edit]. Burma[edit]. In Burma, it is known as ဗူးသီး boo thee, a popular fruit; young leaves are also boiled and ... South Asia[edit]. India[edit]. A popular north Indian dish is lauki channa, (channa dal and diced gourd in a semidry gravy). In ... East Asia[edit]. China[edit]. It is frequently used in southern Chinese cuisine in either a stir-fry or a soup. The Mandarin ...
Central and South Asia[edit]. Afghanistan[edit]. In the predominantly Sunni Muslim culture of Afghanistan, Eid al-Fitr holds ... Southeast Asia[edit]. Idul Fitri or Hari Raya Aidilfitri or Lebaran is a public holiday in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, ...
In Central Mexico, morcilla is known as Moronga.. Asia[edit]. Across Asia, various people create food from congealed animal ... Central Asia[edit]. Mongolia[edit]. Blood sausage is popular in Mongolia. In Mongolia a special method of killing sheep was ... East Asia[edit]. China[edit]. In the Chinese cuisines, whole coagulated blood is fried or steamed as a snack or cooked in a hot ... Southeast Asia[edit]. Hong Kong[edit]. In Hong Kong, the dish closest to Blood sausage is Pig blood curd, which is only made ...
Central Asia (1919)[edit]. By February 1919 the British government had pulled its military forces out of Central Asia.[62] ... Central Asia (1918)[edit]. London Geographical Institute's 1919 map of Europe after the treaties of Brest-Litovsk and Batum and ... In central Asia Red Army troops continued to face resistance into 1923, where basmachi (armed bands of Islamic guerrillas) had ... For a time Central Asia was completely cut off from Red Army forces in Siberia.[63] Although this communication failure ...
Central Europe (800-50 BC). Great Britain (800 BC - AD 100). Northern Europe (500 BC - AD 800). South Asia (1200-200 BC) ... "Far East Kingdoms, South Asia". 2014. The History Files. Retrieved 13 March 2014.. ...
1.4 Middle East, Central Asia. *1.5 In Ladakh. *1.6 In Calcutta and Darjeeling ... he set off to Asia in 1820 and spent his lifetime studying the Tibetan language and Buddhist philosophy. Csoma de Kőrös is ...
Asia[edit]. Central Asia[edit]. Seima-Turbino Phenomenon[edit]. Main article: Seima-Turbino Phenomenon ... Pittman, Holly (1984). Art of the Bronze Age: southeastern Iran, western Central Asia, and the Indus Valley. New York: The ... South Asia (c. 3300-1200 BC). Indus Valley Civilization. Bronze Age South Asia. Ochre Coloured Pottery. Cemetery H. Europe (c. ... South Asia[edit]. Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details. Indus Valley[edit]. Main article: Indus Valley ...
While maintaining a prominent role for Pakistan within the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization and the Central Treaty ... East Asia[edit]. Since the 1960s, Bhutto had been an anti-SEATO and preferred a non-aligned policy.[78] Soon after assuming the ... Bhutto was hanged at Central Jail Rawalpindi, on 4 April 1979, and was buried in Village Cemetery at Garhi Khuda Baksh.[107] ... Hagerty, Devin T. (2005) South Asia in world politics, Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0742525872. p. 73. ...
Central Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia and China. Near the end of his life, he dictated an account of his journeys, titled A ... Ibn Battuta Itinerary 1332-1346 (Black Sea Area, Central Asia, India, South East Asia and China) ... Central Asia[edit]. Bactrian camel (one of the symbols of Silk Road caravans) in front of Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi in ... South Asia[edit]. Tomb of Feroze Shah Tughluq, successor of Muhammad bin Tughluq in Delhi. Ibn Battuta served as a qadi or ...
Central Asia[edit]. Main article: Aul. Auyl (Kazakh: Ауыл) is a Kazakh word meaning "village" in Kazakhstan.[9] According to ... South Asia[edit]. Afghanistan[edit]. In Afghanistan, the village, or deh (Dari/Pashto: ده)[2] is the mid-size settlement type ... Southeast Asia[edit]. Brunei[edit]. Main article: Villages of Brunei. In Brunei, villages are officially the third- and lowest- ... "South Asia Research 38(2): 177-194.. *^ Қазақ тілі термиңдерінің салалық ғылыми түсіндірме сөздігі: География және геодезия. - ...
Asia. Central. *Didor International Film Festival (Tajikistan). East. *Golden Rooster Awards, Hong Kong Film Award, Hundred ... It is one of the most prestigious awards in the film industry in Asia. It has been helping the development of movies in Chinese ... "The glamour and drama of the Oscars of Asia". Retrieved 11 June 2019 - via www.bbc.com.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font- ...
Central Epidemic Command Center (Taiwan). *Coronavirus Disease Response Acceleration Task Force (Indonesia) ...
... generally in the high 40s and low 50s latitudes in North America and Asia, and also extending to higher latitudes in central ... In eastern Asia, Dwa climates extend further south due to the influence of the Siberian high pressure system, which also causes ... Dry-winter subtropical highland climate (Cwb) is a type of climate mainly found in highlands inside the tropics of Central ... the northwest Pacific coast of South and Central America, from Ecuador to Costa Rica; see, for instance, Andagoya, Colombia), ...
8 Egypt is a transcontinental country in North Africa and Western Asia. Egypt has a small part of its territory in Western Asia ... 7 Armenia (Artsakh) and Cyprus (Northern Cyprus) are entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with ... 3 Russia is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in ... Central. CEMAC. *Cameroon. *Central African Republic. *Chad. *Congo, Republic of the. *Equatorial Guinea ...
7 Armenia, Artsakh9, Cyprus, and Northern Cyprus9 are entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with ... 7 Armenia and Cyprus (Northern Cyprus; Akrotiri and Dhekelia) are entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political ... 3 Russia is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in ... 3 Russia is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The majority of its population (80%) lives in ...
7 Armenia and Cyprus (Northern Cyprus; Akrotiri and Dhekelia) are entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political ... Investment funds must be submitted through the Central Bank of Brazil. Investor visas are issued for an initial 3-year period, ... 3 Russia is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in ... 7 Armenia (Artsakh) and Cyprus (Northern Cyprus) are entirely in Southwest Asia but having socio-political connections with ...
8: Central Asia[Bearbeiten , Quelltext bearbeiten]. Abt., Bd. Buchtitel Autor / Hrsg. des Bandes Jahr Thema ... An historical atlas of Central Asia Yuri Bregel 2003 Zentralasien VIII.10 Sogdian traders: a history Étienne de La Vaissière ... Archaeology in Soviet Central Asia Grégoire Frumkin 1970 VII.3,2 Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte Chinesisch-Zentralasiens ( ... 1: Later Han, three kingdoms and Western Chin in China and Bactria to Shan-shan in Central Asia Marylin M. Rhie 2007 Spätere ...
China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC - AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the ... Serindia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia and westernmost China, 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. ... Skrine, C. P. (1926). Chinese Central Asia. Methuen, London. Reprint: Barnes & Noble, New York. 1971. ISBN 0-416-60750-0. ... Hulsewé, A. F. P. (1979). China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC - AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 ...
Dread Central. Retrieved 12 January 2018. Elley, Derek (March 30, 2013). "The Chrysalis". Film Business Asia. Retrieved April 1 ... "Arcana". Film Business Asia. Retrieved December 13, 2013. Buchanan, Jason. "Bad Milo!". Allmovie. Retrieved October 19, 2013. ... Elley, Derek (September 1, 2013). "Tales from the Dark 1". Film Business Asia. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. ... Elley, Derek (June 15, 2013). "It's a Beautiful Day". Film Business Asia. Archived from the original on July 25, 2013. ...
Central AsiaWikipedia:WikiProject Central AsiaTemplate:WikiProject Central AsiaCentral Asia articles. ... Ustyurt Mountain sheep is part of WikiProject Central Asia, a project to improve all Central Asia-related articles. This ... and anything else related to Central Asia. If you would like to help improve this and other Central Asia-related articles, ... WikiProject Central Asia. (Rated Stub-class, Low-importance). ... Stub-Class Central Asia articles. *Low-importance Central Asia ...
Central Asia (CAFA). *Afghanistan. *Iran. *Kyrgyzstan. *Tajikistan. *Turkmenistan. *Uzbekistan. East Asia (EAFF). *China PR ...
Komuz (Central Asia). *Konghou (China). *Kontigi (Nigeria). *Kora (West Africa). *Koto (Japan) ... He felt that the harp bow was a long cry from the sophistication of the civilizations of western Asia in 4000 BC that took the ...
Asia; Europe and Middle East; Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean; South America; and the South Pacific. The General Board ... The 1915 mergers added congregations in the British Isles and work in Cuba, Central America, and South America. There were ... Cunningham, Floyd T. Holiness Abroad: Nazarene Missions in Asia. Pietist and Wesleyan Studies, No. 16. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow ... Floyd Timothy Cunningham, Holiness Abroad: Nazarene Missions in Asia, Issue 16 of Pietist and Wesleyan Studies (Scarecrow Press ...
It is located at Takhti intersection in central Isfahan. The next station on the north side is Shohada Station. معاونحمل و نقل ... Asia > Iran > Isfahan Metro". www.urbanrail.net. Retrieved 2018-01-21. ...
Find this book in the South Central Library System catalog (south central Wisconsin) ... Find this book on the Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation library catalogue ... Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ... Find this book on Amirkabir University of Technology Central library. Israel. * Find this book in the MALMAD Israel Union List ...
"Asia:: Oman". CIA The World Factbook. "Asia :: Papua New Guinea". CIA The World Factbook. "Central America and Caribbean :: ... "Central America and Caribbean :: Jamaica". CIA The World Factbook. "Asia :: Japan". CIA The World Factbook. "Asia :: Kuwait". ... "Asia ::Bhutan". CIA The World Factbook. "Asia ::Brunei Darussalam". CIA The World Factbook. "Asia ::Cambodia". CIA The World ... "Central America and Caribbean :: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines". CIA The World Factbook. "Asia :: Saudi Arabia". CIA The ...
Central Asia, north of Afghanistan Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 64 00 E ... The Central Bank often delays or restricts convertibility, especially for consumer goods. Potential investment by Russia and ... after the completion of the Uzbek link to the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable, Uzbekistan will be independent of ...
The EU Council appointed Patricia Flor the Special Representative for Central Asia in June 2012. Her mandate will last till ... This order marks Gebr Pfeiffers first raw mill for Uzbekistan and further strengthens its market position in Central Asia. ... EU Special Representative for Central Asia Ambassador Patricia Flor will visit Tashkent on Monday, the press service of the ... the issues of providing stability and security in Central Asia, as well as other relevant topics. ...
Located in Central Asia, Uzbekistan is one of the most prosperous countries in the region. It has a rich and diverse cultural ... When it comes to public transport, Tashkent is one of two cities in Central Asia to have an underground service. The capital ... Both of these universities are highly regarded both domestically and in the wider sphere of the Central Asian region. ...
Central Asias position at the heart of the Eurasian landmass naturally attracted a long succession of conquerors, traders, ... Central Asias position at the heart of the Eurasian landmass naturally attracted a long succession of conquerors, traders, ...
35 million), which is usually included in South Asia, is also sometimes included in Central Asia. Central Asia has historically ... Cities within the regular definition of Central Asia and Afghanistan Geography portal Asia portal Chinese Central Asia: Western ... more than 90 million people live in Central Asia, about 2% of Asias total population. Of the regions of Asia, only North Asia ... Central Asia has served more as the battleground for outside powers than as a power in its own right. Central Asia had both the ...
Central Asia Insurance is known as "Asuransi Central Asia" or "ACA Asuransi", and is one of the five most important Indonesian ... Asuransi Central Asia". The company has 1300+ employees and grosses in the range of 958 million rupiah per year. "Winners of ...
More than 80 years later in Kavaja (central Albania) mines laid in 1916 by Austro-Hungarian troops are still removed from the ... But, at the Seminar on Antipersonnel Mines (focused on Central Europe and Baltic countries) held in Stockholm, Sweden on 23-25 ... CIES was involved in a socioeconomic reconstruction and resettlement project for refugees and displaced persons in the central ...
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The Central Asia FETP was established in 2003 in partnership with the MOHs in the Central Asian region. Over the years, ... What CDC is Doing in Central Asia. HIV and Tuberculosis HIV is a leading cause of death and a health threat to millions ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established a Central Asia regional office at the U.S. consulate in ... CDC works in the Central Asia region with local, regional, and global public health organizations to support disease outbreak ...
Central Asia is a diverse land with many ethnic groups, languages, religions and tribes. The nations which make up Central Asia ... Center of population in Central Asia Total roughly estimated population in Central Asia ... History of the Jews in Central Asia. References[edit]. *^ a b "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org ( ... Central Asia has a total population of about 122 million (2016).[1] Additionally, Pakistan has a large population of central ...
CENTRAL ASIA, CENTRAL. The mention of Central Asian foodways usually conjures up competing images of nomadic and sedentary ... ASIA, CENTRAL. ASIA, CENTRAL. The mention of Central Asian foodways usually conjures up competing images of nomadic and ... Central Asia Encyclopedia of Buddhism COPYRIGHT 2004 The Gale Group Inc.. CENTRAL ASIA. Unlike most regions of the world, there ... CENTRAL ASIA. The notion of "Central Asia" for Russia was the result of a gradual, often haphazard advance southward during the ...
There are also many regional and country offices of UN system entities, and UN political offices in Europe and Central Asia. ... The main centres of United Nations activity in Europe and Central Asia are Geneva, Switzerland, Vienna, Austria and The Hague ...
Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes ... Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes ... Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes ... And what happens there will affect the rest of Central Asia.. Recently, commentators have observed that a large number of young ...
China sets sights on 6G era (Asia Times staff) 13-11-2018 07:20. Minister touts tax and fee reduction policies (Asia Times ... Mondays blockchain and crypto news, from Asia and beyond (Asia Times staff) ... Tuesdays blockchain and crypto news, from Asia and beyond (Pete Sabine) 13-11-2018 19:03. Property bubble fears rise as China ... China Eastern moves to dominate Shanghai market (Asia Times staff) 12-11-2018 23:23. Opinion // Biased journalists must clean ...
North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long-term protection of biodiversity and sustainable use of ... Transforming landscapes and livelihoods in the Caucasus and Central Asia The Caucasus and Central Asia region has been severely ... Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ... Annual report 2016 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ...
As Ukraine faces one of the worlds worst measles outbreaks, doctors and parents work together to dispel myths about vaccines ...
The economy in the central Asian republic of Tajikistan is recovering after a devastating civil war, but a persistent problem ...
ILO presence in Europe and Central Asia. Decent Work Teams and Country Offices. *Central Eastern Europe (Budapest) ... the labour market and social situation in Europe and Central Asia and hit particularly Central and Eastern European and Central ... The United Kingdom and Ireland are serviced by a Liaison officer located in the Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia.. ... Under the responsibility of the ILO DWT/CO in Budapest are the Central and Eastern European countries (including Ukraine and ...
Neanderthals in central Asia and Siberia Nature advance online publication 30 September 2007. doi:10.1038/nature06193 ... Neanderthals in central Asia and Siberia Nature advance online publication 30 September 2007. doi:10.1038/nature06193 ... Some have claimed that Neanderthals were limited to western Asia, others that they extended across much of Asia. The fossil ... and there was the suggestion that they may have extended into central China. Its not much of a stretch. ...
NEW LOANS FOR CENTRAL ASIA. An International Monetary Fund (IMF) expert delegation to Kyrgyzstan, led by Tapio Saavolainen, ... RFE/RL Central Asia Report, 14 March 2002). In recent weeks the president has also reshuffled numerous military, border guard ... in supporting and rewarding Central Asia for its participation in the international counterterrorism operation. By the same ...
North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long-term protection of biodiversity and sustainable use of ... Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ... Annual report 2016 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ... Annual report 2015 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ...
Since 1975, the U.S. has resettled over 900,000 refugees from Europe and Central Asia. Approximately two-thirds came from the ... In FY 2013, the U.S. admitted 650 refugees from 14 countries in Europe and Central Asia, including those under the Lautenberg ... An RSC in Vienna, Austria conducts processing for Iranian religious minorities (see Fact Sheet for Near East/South Asia for ...
Uzbekistan, country in Central Asia. It lies mainly between two major rivers, the Syr Darya (ancient Jaxartes River) to the ... Asia. Asia, the worlds largest and most diverse continent. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass ... Asia is more a geographic term than a homogeneous continent, and the use of the term to describe such a vast area always ... Mount Everest, mountain on the crest of the Great Himalayas of southern Asia that lies on the border… ...
... and cities will account for 90 percent of Asias population growth. Central Asia is no exception, and its modest population is ... For Central Asias fragile states, the technology is a welcome boost in monitoring their own populations. But its also a ... They also give China access to a huge pool of data on Central Asias people, which both aids in developing new technology and ... But its usually the security services that China targets most directly in order to win a place in Central Asia. Since May, ...
Focus will fall on central banks in Asia this week, with the Bank of Japan and Reserve Bank of Australia due to announce policy ... Focus will fall on central banks in Asia this week, with the Bank of Japan and Reserve Bank of Australia due to announce policy ... Asia looks to central banks this week 6:05 PM ET Sun, 5 Oct 2014 ...
  • Central Asia's position at the heart of the Eurasian landmass naturally attracted a long succession of conquerors, traders, envoys, and missionaries. (abebooks.com)
  • Traveler to Central Asia, 2019 of recurrent fever episodes separated by asymptom- atic intervals of 1 week. (cdc.gov)
  • Long-term weather averages give the best indication of the weather in July 2019 and include figures for temperature, sunshine and rainfall for Central Asia. (weather2travel.com)
  • So you are starting to see large incidences of poverty and 'slumification' and 'marginalization' that are not necessarily customary to this region of the world and would be customary in Latin America or in Asia, where this sort of pattern has been very common. (voanews.com)
  • In the rest of the developing world, the headlines are positive even while we see some moderation in employment and wage growth in Latin America and East Asia. (worldbank.org)
  • The volume includes over forty chapters that cover ten area-based analyses including Turkey's relations with the EU, the Middle East, Cyprus and the US, the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Central Asia, Latin America, the Far East and International Organizations. (peterlang.com)
  • SGS, the world's leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company, is attending POWER-GEN India & Central Asia 2011 in New Delhi, India, for the first time. (sgs.com)
  • POWER-GEN India & Central Asia 2011 , which takes place in Pragati Maiden, a venue for large exhibitions and conventions in New Delhi, India, is one of the region's most important power related conferences and exhibitions. (sgs.com)
  • For the very first time POWER-GEN India & Central Asia is co-located with two new events for 2011 - Renewable Energy World India and HydroVision India. (sgs.com)
  • Attendees of the POWER-GEN India & Central Asia 2011 will also have a unique chance to learn more about SGS's Renewable Energy Services such as Commissioning and In-Service Inspections, Non-Destructive Testing, Wind Energy, Photovoltaic Life Cycle Services, Project Execution for Wind Energy Projects, Quality, Health, Safety and Environmental (QHSE), Management for Wind Farm Projects and Risk Management for Wind Energy Projects. (sgs.com)
  • SGS very much looks forward to attending POWER-GEN India & Central Asia 2011 and hopes to convince the attendees that its range of services and the breadth of its expertise are practically unrivalled. (sgs.com)
  • While scholars quibble over cultural and physical boundaries of Central Asia , culinary cultures of the region represent an intriguing mix of steppe and settlement, highlands and lowlands, Turkic and Iranian. (encyclopedia.com)
  • We reveal a parallel series of eventsleading to the spread of Steppe ancestry toSouth Asia, thereby documenting movementsof people that were likely conduits for thespread of Indo-European languages. (eupedia.com)
  • If you pay attention to the figure I've included, the graph in the left upper corner documents how the SNP for persistent lactase derived from Steppe populations and not early Anatolian or Central/Iberian populations. (anthropology.net)
  • In a conceptual frame, geopolitics have become a critical social and human science by containing physical, humanist, political, and economic concepts, thus progressing itself in the positions of a central force. (peterlang.com)
  • From the geographic position point of view, as the first pillar of geopolitics, Iran is located in a position that separates Central Asia and Turkey. (peterlang.com)
  • After expansion by Turkic peoples, Central Asia also became the homeland for the Kazakhs, Uzbeks, Tatars, Turkmen, Kyrgyz and Uyghurs and Turkic languages largely replaced the Iranian languages spoken in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ancestry of modern Central Asian populations is significantly derived from the Indo-Iranian and Turkic expansions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, Iran is in a position that has a negative impact on Turkey and the Central Asian Turkic states from the perspective of geographical, political, and economic scope. (peterlang.com)
  • Ultimately, understanding geopolitical position of Iran holds a very crucial particularity from the perspective of both Turkey and Central Asian Turkic states. (peterlang.com)
  • There are several places that claim to be the geographic center of Asia, for example Kyzyl, the capital of Tuva in the Russian Federation, and a village 200 miles (320 km) north of Ürümqi, the capital of the Xinjiang region of China. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Gobi desert extends from the foot of the Pamirs, 77° E, to the Great Khingan (Da Hinggan) Mountains, 116°-118° E. Central Asia has the following geographic extremes: The world's northernmost desert (sand dunes), at Buurug Deliin Els, Mongolia, 50°18′ N. The Northern Hemisphere's southernmost permafrost, at Erdenetsogt sum, Mongolia, 46°17′ N. The world's shortest distance between non-frozen desert and permafrost: 770 km (480 mi). (wikipedia.org)
  • For all the ethnic and geographic variations in Central Asia , the food of the region exhibits more homogeneity than disparity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But for the first time, a study points to a new place, Central Asia, somewhere around what we call Nepal and Mongolia today. (i4u.com)
  • A recent discovery of Iron Age burials (Pazyryk culture) in the Altai Mountains of Mongolia may shed light on the mode and tempo of the generation of the current genetic east-west population admixture in Central Asia. (plos.org)
  • Researchers analyzing the DNA of over 5,000 purebreds and mixed breeds alike say dogs were domesticated in Central Asia - likely near modern-day Nepal or Mongolia - and then they spread from there to East Asia and elsewhere. (iflscience.com)
  • HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia : Country Profiles. (worldcat.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53977042 Title: HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia : Country Profiles. (worldcat.org)
  • Annotation HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia: Country Profiles is part of the World Bank Working Paper series. (worldcat.org)
  • To address this impending crisis, the World Bank has initiated the study of HIV/AIDS, STIs, and tuberculosis in Central Asia. (worldcat.org)
  • Populations of farmers and nomadic pastoralists coexisted in Central Asia since the Chalcolithic (4th millennium BC). (wikipedia.org)
  • This Programme of Work and a Resolution on the Central Asian Mammals Initiative (CAMI) was adopted at the 11th Conference of the Parties to CMS (COP11) in November 2014. (cms.int)
  • The skill of a Central Asian leader consisted precisely in the gathering of such dispersed populations and in providing for them on a level higher than they had been accustomed to. (britannica.com)
  • The most spectacular advance of the Russians into Central Asia carried them eastward through the forest belt, where the hunting and fishing populations offered little resistance and where the much-coveted furs of Siberia could be found in abundance. (britannica.com)
  • Even though these former Soviet republics are largely Muslim, Tokyo officials say racial similarity between Japanese and the people of Central Asia is a main reason to provide economic help. (csmonitor.com)
  • Quality Growth versus Inflation in Turkey ," Working Papers 1121, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey. (repec.org)
  • The thriving culture of Iran was the primary influence on Central Asian society, with later Arabic and Mongol contributions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the Middle East , as noted above, the Ottoman and Ṣafavid gunpowder empires barred the road to the no-longer-invincible nomad cavalry, and, along the western borders of Central Asia , the Russians were soon to start on their decisive and irresistible march across Central Asia to the borders of China, India, and Iran. (britannica.com)
  • Most central Asians belong to religions which were introduced to the area within the last 1,500 years, such as Sunni Islam , Shia Islam , Ismaili Islam , Tengriism , and Syriac Christianity . (wikipedia.org)
  • Combined with traditional Chinese thought, Central Asians consider food to have either "hot" or "cold" (Farsi, sardi or garmi ) qualities, serving both medicinal and nutritive functions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This would provide support for a demographic expansion of local people of Altai instead of westward or eastward migratory events, as the demographic event behind the high population genetic admixture and diversity in Central Asia. (plos.org)
  • Historically, Central Asia has been a crossroad between West and East Eurasian people leading to the current high population genetic admixture and diversity. (plos.org)
  • Although poverty rates in Central Asia continue to decline overall, the pace of poverty reduction is slowing, according to new data released by the World Bank, Trend reports citing World Bank. (trend.az)
  • Precipitation has been considered to be a critical water source for both human livelihoods and ecosystems in Central Asia. (mdpi.com)
  • Using observational data and gridded datasets, we studied the regional and seasonal differences of precipitation climate characteristics and variations in precipitation over Central Asia. (mdpi.com)
  • Using observational data obtained from the China Meteorological Administration, Global Historical Climatology Network (V3.02), we divided Central Asia into four subregions (North, Center, Southwest, and Southeast) based on the differences in seasonal cycles of precipitation. (mdpi.com)
  • GPCC (R 2 of 0.89, RMSE of 64.5 mm/year) was proven to be the most suitable dataset of the four datasets (CRU, GPCC, MERRA, and TRMM) to describe precipitation in Central Asia, based on validation against observational data, and used to detect the spatial and temporal trend of precipitation in Central Asia and four subregions during 1960-2013. (mdpi.com)
  • No significant trends were observed for annual precipitation in Central Asia, while precipitation in winter displayed a significant increase (0.11 mm/year). (mdpi.com)
  • As a result, jobs were created, incomes rose, and people felt more content -- all improving political stability, a concept favored by Central Asian governments. (rferl.org)
  • We are looking for gifted individuals who desire to use their talents to bring gospel access to unreached people groups through a new nongovernmental organization (NGO) that is looking for creative ways to enter villages in this central Asian country. (cmalliance.org)
  • This position is based in a central Asian country with a resistant people group. (cmalliance.org)
  • Help coach and equip Chinese leaders in church planting among a minority people group, the least-reached of 23 million in a concentrated area of Asia. (cmalliance.org)
  • On a recent trip to Central Asia, Japanese Foreign Minister Michio Watanabe found it difficult to tell the difference between Japanese and the local people, a top aide says. (csmonitor.com)
  • As I sat there in the packed room filled with people who came to hear the voices of women representing Central Asia, I realized that having 12 women speak can and did work, and that there was a reason to do it that way. (opendemocracy.net)
  • More recently, two different expeditions , also discovered Pazyryk burials in the Mongolian Altai, indicating that this Iron Age people had also spread into East Asia ( Fig. 1 ). (plos.org)
  • Central Asia is developing fast, but many people are being left behind. (globalgiving.org)
  • Our aim is to create a movement for change across Central Asia by training people to help others - and then enabling them to train others who can help even more! (globalgiving.org)
  • Historically built political geography and geoculture are two significant parameters widely used in the scholarly literature about the definitions of the Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The good news is that Central Asia continues to make progress towards eliminating poverty," says World Bank Country Director for Central Asia Lilia Burunciuc. (trend.az)
  • Weekly on-line news reports and analyses from conflict areas around the world, including Central Asia and the Caucasus. (pitt.edu)
  • Visit The Ellison Center for the latest information, news and events on Russian, East European and Central Asian Studies in the Pacific Northwest. (washington.edu)
  • 5 Accessible emergency supplies are needed to improve preparedness for small-scale emergencies in Central Asia, as are improved capacities and policies for cash-based transfers. (unicef.org)