The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.
The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)
The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
A subregion of Asia, consisting of the Asian portion of Russia.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.
The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)
The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.
The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.
All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).
An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.
The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.
The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
Virulent bacteriophage and type species of the genus T4-like phages, in the family MYOVIRIDAE. It infects E. coli and is the best known of the T-even phages. Its virion contains linear double-stranded DNA, terminally redundant and circularly permuted.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.

Life expectancy in Central and Eastern European countries and newly independent states of the former Soviet Union: changes by gender. (1/69)

AIM: To examine changes in life expectancy at birth for countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union (NIS) for the period 1989-1996. Differences in the change by gender were examined and several factors which likely bear on the changes were discussed. Methods. Data from the WHO Health for All European Data Base were used to determine changes in life expectancy and selected economic factors for CEE and NIS countries. RESULTS: Changes in life expectancy varied by gender in both CEE and the NIS, with the difference increasing for the two groups during the period with the largest increase occurring in the NIS. Both male and female life expectancy declined, with male life expectancy dropping at a more rapid rate. In 1994, the year in which most, but not all countries, reached a low point, life expectancy for males had declined below 60 years for two countries. CONCLUSIONS: The most striking point about the decline in life expectancies was the short period in which the declines occurred, especially in the NIS. It is not possible to determine the exact cause for the changes, but there are likely multiple reasons. It is not completely clear why the decline in life expectancy was greater for males, although the linkage between economic and behavioral and lifestyle factors appear to have some association. Further research is necessary to determine why effects by gender vary so greatly and whether the negative outcomes are a short-term anomaly or will persist.  (+info)

Task force for the urgent response to the epidemics of sexually transmitted diseases in eastern Europe and central Asia. (2/69)

In summary, members of the TF/STD: share the common goal of reducing the STD burden and slowing the spread of HIV in the most affected and vulnerable countries in eastern Europe and central Asia contribute financially, technically, or in kind to the implementation of a joint strategy which aims: to create an enabling environment for STD prevention and control, and to strengthen the local capacity for STD prevention and care engage in a continuous exchange of information, collaborative partnerships, and coordination of activities at regional as well as country level through the TF/STD and in-country interagency working groups, respectively concur with the priority areas for international support consisting of advocacy and policy, STD drugs, condoms, educational materials, training, applied research, and surveillance meet twice a year to review implementation progress and the need for additional assistance as advocates of TF/STD, call on partners and other organisations to join in this important new initiative.  (+info)

Recent declines in reported syphilis rates in eastern Europe and central Asia: are the epidemics over? (3/69)

BACKGROUND: Since the early 1990s, major syphilis epidemics have occurred in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union. The new and rapidly changing societal and economic conditions in these countries challenge their traditional approaches to the control of sexually transmitted infections (STI). Nevertheless, following a steady increase until 1997, reported syphilis incidence has declined during the past 3 years in most parts of the region. We examine these trends against a background of ongoing changes in service delivery, care seeking behaviour, and case finding practices. METHODS: National syphilis surveillance data reported to the WHO Regional Office for Europe were compiled and analysed, and supplemented with information presented at recent expert meetings and with results from ongoing research. RESULTS: Since 1997, reported syphilis incidence either stabilised or declined in many locations in the NIS, but further increased in others, especially in rural areas. Congenital syphilis continued to increase in all countries, except Latvia. The proportion of self presenting cases versus cases detected through screening declined, and so did notifications of early compared with late forms of syphilis. Patients increasingly seek care in the private formal and informal healthcare sectors which hardly participate in case reporting. CONCLUSIONS: Recent declines in syphilis notifications in the NIS are at least partially a reflection of a reduced intensity of active case finding and of changes in reporting completeness because of a shift in service utilisation from the public to the private/informal sectors. Syphilis rates are still high, indicating that both public and private sectors have to respond more efficiently to the needs of many people at risk of STI. The collection of serial STI prevalence data is recommended to be able to validate trends in notifications.  (+info)

Distribution and characterization of tick-borne encephalitis viruses from Siberia and far-eastern Asia. (4/69)

In this study, tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) viruses from Siberia and far-eastern Asia were characterized in order to determine virus subtype distribution. TBE viruses were isolated from ticks (Ixodes persulcatus) collected in the far-eastern (Khabarovsk and Vladivostok) and Siberian (Irkutsk) regions of Russia in 1999. Phylogenetic analysis showed that isolates formed distinct clusters of far-eastern and Siberian subtypes. There was also a minor difference in antigenicity between the Irkutsk isolates and other TBE virus strains, as demonstrated by the reactivity of monoclonal antibodies. Amino acid alignments of the E gene showed that the Irkutsk isolates had a single amino acid change at position 234 (Q or H); this amino acid position is considered to be a 'signature' of Siberian subtype TBE viruses. Strains isolated in Irkutsk also exhibited equivalent or somewhat higher virulence in mice compared with far-eastern TBE virus isolates. All viruses isolated in this study (i.e. far-east Asian and Siberian isolates) have 3' non-coding regions (NCRs) of almost the same length, which contrasts with the various sizes of 3'NCRs of other TBE viruses strains reported previously. The data presented in this study show that the 3'NCR is uniform among TBE viruses isolated from Siberia and far-eastern Asia and that the 3'NCR is essential for TBE virus growth in tick and/or rodent host cells.  (+info)

Anemia prevention and control in four central Asian republics and Kazakhstan. (5/69)

Kazakhstan and the central Asian republics of Uzbekistan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan have developed anemia prevention and control (APC) policies based on multiple interventions, including education and promotion, oral supplementation of high risk groups and fortification of wheat flour with iron and other micronutrients. These national strategies are aimed at reducing the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency among young children and women of child-bearing age. Strategy development has been assisted by funding and technical assistance from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) with additional technical support from the International Nutrition Foundation, the United Nations University and various national institutions. These countries have been among the most advanced in adopting national strategies that include multiple interventions in an overall package, and national interest in APC remains high. However, reviews of APC activities conducted in 2001 suggests the need for modification and enhancement of current efforts and for a shift to national-level actions if these countries are to progress toward current and future goals. Increased commitment and determination, by both national groups and international organizations, are required to achieve and sustain improvement in micronutrient nutrition.  (+info)

High-resolution analysis of Y-chromosomal polymorphisms reveals signatures of population movements from Central Asia and West Asia into India. (6/69)

Linguistic evidence suggests that West Asia and Central Asia have been the two major geographical sources of genes in the contemporary Indian gene pool. To test the nature and extent of similarities in the gene pools of these regions we have collected DNA samples from four ethnic populations of northern India, and have screened these samples for a set of 18 Y-chromosome polymorphic markers (12 unique event polymorphisms and six short tandem repeats). These data from Indian populations have been analysed in conjunction with published data from several West Asian and Central Asian populations. Our analyses have revealed traces of population movement from Central Asia and West Asia into India. Two haplogrops, HG-3 and HG-9, which are known to have arisen in the Central Asian region, are found in reasonably high frequencies (41.7% and 14.3% respectively) in the study populations. The ages estimated for these two haplogroups are less in the Indian populations than those estimated from data on Middle Eastern populations. A neighbour-joining tree based on Y-haplogroup frequencies shows that the North Indians are genetically placed between the West Asian and Central Asian populations. This is consistent with gene flow from West Asia and Central Asia into India.  (+info)

New sesquiterpenes from Ferula ferulaeoides (Steud.) Korovin. VI. Isolation and identification of three new dihydrofuro[2,3-b]chromones. (7/69)

Three novel 2-prenyl-dihydrofurochromone-type sesquiterpenoid derivatives, 2,3-dihydro-7-hydroxy-2S*,3R*-dimethyl-2-[4,8-dimethyl-3(E),7-nonadienyl]-furo[2, 3-b]chromone, 2,3-dihydro-7-hydroxy-2S*,3R*-dimethyl-2-[4-methyl-5-(4-methyl-2-furyl)-3(E),7-pe ntenyl]-furo[2,3-b]chromone, and 2,3-dihydro-7-hydroxy-2R*,3R*-dimethyl-2-[4-methyl-5-(4-methyl-2-furyl)-3(E),7-pe ntenyl]-furo[2,3-b]chromone, were isolated from the roots of Ferula ferulaeoides. The structures were established by comprehensive spectral analysis. The biosynthetic pathway leading to these 2-prenyl-dihydrofurochromone-type sesquiterpenoids is proposed based on their structures.  (+info)

The gender gap in primary health care resource utilization in Central Asia. (8/69)

There is a large gender gap in life expectancy in some countries of the former Soviet Union. Life expectancy of males is as much as 13 years less than that of females, and a significant portion of the excess male mortality is caused by cardiovascular disease. Although effective primary health care is necessary to manage cardiovascular disease and reduce acute episodes and mortality, the primary health care system is under-utilized by adult males in the region. This study combines disaggregated utilization data with cost data to analyze patterns of per capita primary care resource consumption in urban and rural regions of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The results show that both in absolute and per capita terms, the principal users of primary health are women of reproductive age and children under five. Based on a combination of utilization and cost of services, women of reproductive age consume approximately 1.5 times the average per capita primary health care resources, while men in the same age group consume approximately one-half of the average. Children under five consume about three to five times the average per capita primary care resources. Based on the results of the study, regional government health purchasers worked together with providers to develop a new per capita payment system with age/sex adjustments and incentives for outreach to bring adult men into the primary care system.  (+info)

Dilip Hiros Inside Central Asia is reviewed in the March issue of International Affairs: Few people know Central Asia better than Dilip Hiro does. His Between Marx and Muhammad: The Changing Face of Central Asia represented one of the most accurate analyses of the region published in the early post-Soviet era and, at the beginning of 2010, remains an important source for scholars and the wider public interested in Central Asian affairs. In his new work, Inside Central Asia, Hiro widens his focus and his objectives become more ambitious. The specialized reader would be impressed by Hiros ability to enrich his account with hard-to-find elements….. In conclusion, Inside Central Asia is a major contribution to the study of post-Soviet Central Asia, interesting for both specialized and non-specialized readers for its solid analytical framework, the authors engaging style and the remarkable amount of information provided in the volume ...
In 1991, when the Soviet Union shattered, 15 countries emerged from the wreckage. Amid a slew of global crises that preoccupied Washington in 1990s, from Rwanda to the Balkans, the newly independent states of Central Asia never rose high up the list of U.S. foreign-policy concerns and continued to be largely viewed through the wider context of relations with Russia.. That all changed when the United States went to war in Afghanistan in 2001. Central Asia became an important pillar in the military and logistical networks set up to support the war and to U.S. efforts to cauterize transnational terrorist networks. If we were looking at Central Asia through a Russia prism in the 1990s, it very much becomes an Afghanistan prism in the 2000s, said Brianne Todd, assistant professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies at the National Defense University.. Now, as the United States winds down operations in Afghanistan after almost 20 years of war, Central Asia is positioned to play ...
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Traditional societies are often organized into descent groups called lineages, clans, and tribes. Each of these descent groups claims to have a common ancestor, and this ancestry distinguishes the groups members from the rest of the population. To test the hypothesis of common ancestry within these groups, we compared ethnological and genetic data from five Central Asian populations. We show that, although people from the same lineage and clan share generally a recent common ancestor, no such common ancestry is observed at the tribal level. Thus, a tribe might be a conglomerate of clans who subsequently invented a mythical ancestor to strengthen group unity.. ...
Aluminum, paint; 45.9 mm x 30.9 mm. Maker marked. Shows red map of the USSR, a border marker and inscription for For completing 100 patrols to protect the state border of the USSR. Abbreviation KSAPO near the bottom stands for Order of the Red Banner Central Asian Border Guard District (this district encompassed the borders between the Soviet Central Asian republics and Afghanistan, and parts of it were considered combat zone during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan). Excellent condition ...
From August 11th to 13th, the Department of International Cooperation, MOST held a seminar on technical training in developing countries (Central Asia) in Urumqi. With closer sci-tech ties between China and Central Asian countries, MOST organized 39 training programs for Central Asian countries in the 11th five-year plan period, or 25% of the total. On the meeting, the representatives from Xinjiang Economic Information Center on Science and Technology in Central Asia shared their experiences on hosting the training programs, and the participants exchanged ideas ...
About The Book India and Central Asia had close contracts in various fields of human activities from the earliest times. Archaeological excavations of stone and bronze cultures in Central Asia have brought to light a similarity with cultures existing in northwest India of the same time. There are striking similarities between the finds from Altyntepe in southern Turkmenistan and the relics of Harappan Culture in northwest India. More concrete historical evidence can he found during Kushana period. These relations became closer in the medieval times because the founders of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire in the 13th and 16th centuries respectively hailed from Central Asian lands. Along with conquerors and founders of the ruling dynasties came the scholars, poets, scientists and Sufi saints. Religious influence spreading from one direction to the other set in motion a process of reciprocal cultural enrichment. There was also unhindered overland trade carried by merchant caravans. Like Indo
ZAURALSKI MEDVED ANGEL. The males are more massive and courageous than females with more pronounced withers and a larger head. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. The Central Asian Shepherd, the Alabai, or the Central Asian Ovcharka is strengthening its reputation in Europe and America as one of the best guard dogs. Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of dogs. Hip And Elbow Dysplasia; Minor Concerns. She is affectionate, playful, goofy, and beautiful. Central Asian shepherd Puppies for Sale Central Asian shepherd Dogs for Adoption Overview: Thees dogs were breed for flock owners in Russia and the Baltic countries that would take their herds out to no mans land to graze. Intelligent. While all Central Asian Shepherds are smart, confident, brave, and protective, the fighting breed type is more ...
However, research on the origin and spread of rice have mainly focused on East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia. At present, we still know very little about when and how rice spread into West Asia, Europe, and Africa. The Central Asia region, as an important node in the ancient Silk Road cannot be ignored, because it is the crossroad of world civilization. Therefore, studying the time and location of rice emergence in Central Asia can help us restore the spread process about of rice agriculture and add an important part for the early crop globalization research ...
Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage (% of GNI) in Europe & Central Asia (developing only) was reported at 11.91 % in 2018, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Europe & Central Asia (developing only) - Adjusted savings: carbon dioxide damage (% of GNI) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on August of 2020.
The FINANCIAL -- Emerging and developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region are expected to grow by 3.6 percent this year, as a recovery in exports and stabilizing industrial commodity prices partly offset a resurgence of the pandemic late in 2020 and a recent flareup in new cases, says the latest edition of the World Banks Economic Update for the region, released, according to World Bank.The FINANCIAL -- Emerging and developing economies in the Europe and Central Asia region are expected to grow by 3.6 percent this year, as a recovery in exports and stabilizing industrial commodity prices partly offset a resurgence of the pandemic late in 2020 and a recent flareup in new cases, says the latest edition of the ► The FINANCIAL WORLD
Primary education; pupils in Europe and Central Asia was last measured at 15978478 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Primary education pupils is the total number of pupils enrolled at primary level in public and private schools.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Primary education - pupils in Europe and Central Asia.
Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. This graphic shows the relative numbers of mortality, infant mortality, deaths by infectious diseases and parasites, together with the rate of cancer mortality in Central Asia for the year of 1999.
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You searched for: Academic Unit Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Remove constraint Academic Unit: Global Health Research Center of Central Asia Subject Microfinance Remove constraint Subject: Microfinance Subject HIV infections-Prevention Remove constraint Subject: HIV infections-Prevention ...
Central Asia: | | | Central Asia | | | | |||... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled.
All-Union Institute of Plant Cultivation. Most of the alfalfa grown throughout the world is of a hybrid nature. Centers of pure nonhybrid forms of cultivated alfalfa are only preserved in countries with an ancient agriculture in Central and Hither Asia (Afghanistan, Central Asian republics of the U. S. S. R., and Armenia within its ancient limits) and in some oases of the Mediterranean area, though here too the areas under nonhybrid alfalfa are restricted.. In the majority of alfalfa-growing areas the commonly used varieties are products of natural hybridization between only two compound species of medic; blue alfalfa (Medicago sativa sensu lato) and yellow alfalfa (M. falcata sensu lato). Other species are so far only little used in breeding, and varieties obtained by way of experimental hybridization do not generally occupy extensive areas as yet.. Despite the fact that, during recent decades, hybrid alfalfa varieties have been obtained with some success in the U. S. S. R. through ...
CPEC | China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Official Website Develop By Ministry of Planning, Development & Reform CPEC Secretariat P block Pak-Secretariat, Islamabad,Pakistan. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor is a framework of regional connectivity. CPEC will not only benefit China and Pakistan but will have positive impact on Iran, Afghanistan, India, Central Asian Republic, and the region.
They are believed to have come from the Ural Mountains of Russia, then settled in Siberia and spread to various countries in Central Asia. In the end, these behaviors come from the right place: a sense of caring about his loved ones safety and well-being. He also has similarities to the Caucasian Shepherd, Akbash, and the Kangal, which all come from the same relative location. You can expect him to be quite powerful and have a muscular body type as well. If you want the Central Asian Shepherd temperament, there might be a slight issue. As you can see, there are a lot of moving parts with his temperament. They are good with all members of their own family, however, they should be supervised with children. Since the early days, the Central Asian Shepherd temperament has one thats been known for its protective qualities. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog colors can either be some shade of fawn, black & white, or brindle; the brindle coloring can sometimes present with a black mask. Central Asian ...
Meet the Great Gerbil The Great Gerbil of Central Asia is not much like the little gerbils found in American pet stores. This bad boy can get as long as 13 inches head to tail, about the size of a prairie dog or large black rat. It holds a similar ecological niche as the prairie…
Scientists are pretty consistent about the ancestors of dogs which are gray wolves. However, the region where they came from has always remained doubtful. Previous studies suggested that their origin can be traced back to Europe, southern China, the Middle East and Serbia.. Get the Free Tracker App to find a SNES Classic in Stock. But for the first time, a study points to a new place, Central Asia, somewhere around what we call Nepal and Mongolia today.. Adam Bokyo at Cornell University and a group of international researchers examined the DNA of not only domestic dogs but also the dogs wandering in villages or streets.. A total of 4,500 dogs, 161 purebred and 549 free-ranging rural dogs were studied from 38 countries around the world. The genetic test revealed that the most ancient roots of dog points to Central Asian domestication origin. However, researchers were unable to find when they were exactly evolved.. The fact that we looked at so many village dogs from so many different regions, we ...
The United Nations has announced the appointment of Michel Kazatchkine as the Secretary-Generals new Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, one of only two regions in the world where HIV is continuing to grow.
Despite permissive laws and a well-developed network of facilities, the incidence of unsafe abortion and the resulting maternal mortality is unacceptably high in Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, with one-quarter ...
HIV rates are dropping all over the world, but Eastern Europe and Central Asia are being left behind. But basics such as test-and-treat programs can make a difference, experts say.
A lot of factors have fuelled the spread of HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, mainly official apathy, discrimination and criminalisation of drug addicts.
During the 1990s, much of Eastern Europe and Central Asia began the arduous process of political, economic and social transformation. In the first five years of transition, when unprofitable indus...
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXj_fM76qbM A virtual discussion hosted by the Central Asia Program at the Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies at the George Washington University on June 8, 2021. May 31 marks the Remembrance Day of the Victims of Political Repression and Famine in Kazakhstan. The great famine of 1931-1933, also…
The Soviet Secularization Project in Central Asia: Accommodation and Institutional Legacies. Un article de la revue Eurostudia (From Today’s Observation Post: Collaboration and Resistance under Communism ) diffusée par la plateforme Érudit.
The migration corridor that has formed between the countries of Central Asia and Russia is one of the largest and most stable in Eurasia and…
Eastern Europe and Central Asia are home to the worlds fastest-growing HIV epidemic, due to punitive drug policies, discrimination, and insufficient ...
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs has updated its development cooperation programme for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The programme focuses on the poorest countries of the region and on themes where Finland has strong expertise.
In an interview with Kommersant, Alexander Sternik, who heads the Central Asia wing of the Russian Foreign Ministry talks about the countrys economic and political interests in Eurasia.
THE BIOSCI ELECTRONIC NEWSGROUP NETWORK INFORMATION SHEET (last revised 14-JULY-97) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- , IMPORTANT NOTE: In addition to the USENET and e-mail methods described , below, one can also participate in the BIOSCI newsgroups through the , World Wide Web. The URL is http://www.bio.net/. After connecting to , this site, click on the Access the BIOSCI/bionet Newsgroups , hyperlink. This is the BIOSCI information sheet for Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. If you are located in the Americas or the Pacific Rim countries, please retrieve that version of the information sheet by sending the command info usinfo in the body of an e-mail message addressed to the Internet address biosci-server at net.bio.net Any text placed on the Subject: line of your message is ignored, so please be sure to put the info usinfo command in the main body of your e-mail message. New users of BIOSCI/bionet may want to read the Frequently Asked Questions or ...
THE BIOSCI ELECTRONIC NEWSGROUP NETWORK INFORMATION SHEET (last revised 14-JULY-97) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- , IMPORTANT NOTE: In addition to the USENET and e-mail methods described , below, one can also participate in the BIOSCI newsgroups through the , World Wide Web. The URL is http://www.bio.net/. After connecting to , this site, click on the Access the BIOSCI/bionet Newsgroups , hyperlink. This is the BIOSCI information sheet for Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. If you are located in the Americas or the Pacific Rim countries, please retrieve that version of the information sheet by sending the command info usinfo in the body of an e-mail message addressed to the Internet address biosci-server at net.bio.net Any text placed on the Subject: line of your message is ignored, so please be sure to put the info usinfo command in the main body of your e-mail message. New users of BIOSCI/bionet may want to read the Frequently Asked Questions or ...
Weekly on-line news reports and analyses from conflict areas around the world, including Central Asia and the Caucasus. The reports are in English, and sometimes in the local languages as well (Russian, Uzbek, etc.). The site also contains information on media development and human rights projects in these regions ...
Article Integrated water resources management in central Asia: nutrient and heavy metal emissions and their relevance for the Kharaa River Basin, Mongolia. Within the framework of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) the nutrient and heavy me...
The 11th Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Ministerial Conference was held on 29-30 October 2012 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, Peoples Republic of China.
STOCKHOLM (AFP) - HIV infections in Europe and Central Asia increased by 8 per cent in 2012 compared to a year earlier, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control announced on Wednesday.. Read more at straitstimes.com.
Downloadable! This study analyzes the extent of knowledge and technology absorption for firms in Europe and Central Asia (ECA), as well as the factors that influence absorption, using statistical analyses of various data sources, including the World Bank enterprise surveys, patent databases maintained by the United States (U.S.) and European patent offices, and case studies. The study addresses the following issues: (i) what can we learn from patents and patent citations about international knowledge flows and cross-national technological cooperation in ECA? (ii) How does openness to trade, participation in global supply networks, and investment in human capital, via on-the-job training, enhance knowledge and technology absorption in ECA-region manufacturing firms? How does foreign direct investment (FDI) stimulate acquisition of managerial and technical skills, new machinery and equipment, and market development?
Merchandise Trade summary statistics data for Europe & Central Asia (ECS) including exports and imports, applied tariffs, top export and import by partner countries and top exported/imported product groups, along with development indicators from WDI such as GDP, GNI per capita, trade balance and trade as percentage of GDP for year 2004
How to strengthen the implementation and planning of the IAEA technical cooperation (TC) programme in Europe and Central Asia was the topic of discussion...
This book reviews dramatic land-use change across greater Central Asia. It presents an analysis of the changes in land uses triggered by an abrupt change in economies of the region and land management and covers environmental consequences of the collapse of socialist governance.
In recent years, the countries of Central Asia have experienced some of the fastest growing rates of HIV infection in the world. One of the key populations at risk is men who have sex with men.
Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes. The verdict is logical. Yet a look at known trends suggests changes ...
Masters of Wisdom of Central Asia by Hasan Lutfi Shushud - Reveals the secret teachings of the Khwajagan, the Masters of Wisdom of Turkish Sufism • Provides...
To answer the question, why do we need a new medical journal in Central Asia, it is essential to understand that with transition to the new standards of scientific research in majority of Central Asian countries, the crucial need in change of approaches in biomedical publishing corresponding to worldwide standards has emerged. A sharp transition to new standards in science in several countries like Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan caused situation, when:. 1. State policy requirements to scientific research in these countries become equivalent to generally accepted in the world.. 2. Development in medicine and medical technologies in these countries made necessary new requirements for academic advancement - publications in journals indexed in PUBMED, Scopus, Web of Science and PMC.. 3. Modern mentality of researchers demands new platform for expression of thoughts and ideas. 4. Condition of medical periodical journals, published in Central Asian countries do not always conform the ...
associated Professor at the Department of world economy of the Tajikistan state University of cooperation, World Economy Department. THE PROBLEMS OF CONFLICT SITUATIONS DEVELOPMENT IN CENTRAL ASIA AND THE PROCESS OF THEIR RESOLUTION. This article contains an analysis of potential conflicts in Central Asia, the basis of which is a peacebuilding strategy in the region. With the exception of the Tajik war of the early 1990s, in spite of the often expressed fears there was a fairly peaceful situation in Central Asia since the independence came in 1991 and till the end. However, the problems, on the basis of which the conflict may emerge, have not disappeared, moreover, they were supplemented by a number of new factors, connected primarily with the political development of the Central Asian states and the whole region after 1991.. Keywords: Central Asia, conflict, political conflict, peaceful situation, region of potential conflicts.. ...
Echinococcosis, caused by the zoonotic cestodes Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) and Echinococcus multilocularis, is highly endemic in the Central Asian Republic of Kyrgyzstan, and is being identified increasingly as a public health problem, especially amongst pastoral communities. As domestic dogs are considered to be the main source of human infection, the identification of potential transmission pathways is of relevance when considering implementing an echinococcosis control scheme. The current report describes the results of an analytical study of canine Echinococcus coproantigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) prevalence in the Alay valley of southern Kyrgyzstan prior to the commencement of regular praziquantel dosing of dogs. A logistic regression model using a form of Bayes modal estimation was used to identify possible risk factors for coproantigen positivity, and the output was interpreted in a Bayesian context (posterior distributions of the coefficients of interest). The ...
India and the Central Asian Republic of Kyrgyzstan have signed a pact on cooperation in the textiles sector to strengthen bilateral cooperation.
Bride kidnapping remains a common practice in a handful of countries. And when young women are kidnapped into marriage, their babies pay a price, suggests new research from Duke University. The researchers looked at the Central Asian republic of Kyrgyzstan, where bride kidnapping remains widespread. Infants born to kidnapped brides had birthweights 80 to 190 grams lower than other babies, says the new paper, which appears online in Demography.
Walking to Samarkand: The Great Silk Road from Persia to Central Asia by Bernard Ollivier, Dan Golembeski Walking to Samarkand: The Great Silk Road from Persia to Central Asia
Cosmetology services (cosmetology) in Uzbekistan - list of companies and organizations operating in Tashkent and Uzbekistan in the sphere of activity Cosmetology services (cosmetology) in Uzbekistan - Directory of Tashkent and Uzbekistan
Pastoral and farmer populations, who have coexisted in Central Asia since the fourth millennium B.C. , present not only different lifestyles and means of subsistence but also various types of social organization. Pastoral populations are organized into so-called descent groups (tribes, clans, and lineages) and practice exogamous marriages (a man chooses a bride in a different lineage or clan). In Central Asia, these descent groups are patrilineal: The children are systematically affiliated with the descent groups of the father. By contrast, farmer populations are organized into families (extended or nuclear) and often establish endogamous marriages with cousins . This study aims at better understanding the impact of these differences in lifestyle and social organization on the shaping of genetic diversity. We show that pastoral populations exhibit a substantial loss of Y chromosome diversity in comparison to farmers but that no such a difference is observed at the mitochondrial-DNA level. Our ...
Central Asia has a great climate for growing marijuana. The cannabis plant, which is indigenous to the region, blankets hillsides and reveals itself stubbornly in urban parks. Archeological evidence suggests cannabis was used in Central Asia 6,000 or more years ago and spread along early trade routes with Europe and East Asia.. Eurasianet reports in its article Uzbekistan returns to its roots with cannabis cultivation that now Uzbekistan, which promotes itself as the tourist-friendly heart of the Silk Road, is experimenting with the plant anew. This is not good-time ganja, however. A French-Uzbek joint venture will begin growing industrial hemp, which contains low amounts of mind-altering tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, in Khorezm region, Uzbekistans Foreign Ministry said this month. The plants fibers have a variety of uses: in paper, ropes, building supplies and textiles. In many ways, hemp is a lot like Uzbekistans infamous cash crop - cotton. But hemp uses less water, the Foreign Ministry ...
The social and legal situation of women in Uzbekistan has been influenced by local traditions, religion, the Soviet rule, and changing social norms since independence. The availability of contraceptives and maternal healthcare is mixed. 62.3% of women were using free contraceptives in 2003. However, the UN estimates that about 13.7% of women in Uzbekistan who would like to prevent, or delay, their next pregnancy are unable to do so because of limited access to contraceptives. In 2000, there were approximately 20,900 midwives in the country. There are reports that forced sterilization of women is practiced in Uzbekistan. A BBC World Service Assignment report on 12 April 2012 uncovered evidence that women are being sterilised, often without their knowledge, in an effort by the government to control the population. Self-immolation [setting ones self on fire] is a common form of suicide among women in Uzbekistan. In 2001 it was estimated that approximately 500 women a year kill themselves because ...
October 17, UZBEKISTAN Sunday Morning is a Favoured Time for Raids in Uzbekistan; Hare Krishna devotees in the north-western Khorezm region targeted. Sunday morning worship services have recently been a favoured time for police raids on Protestant churches, Forum 18 News Service has noted. Three separate raids on Sunday morning worship have taken place in recent weeks, on churches in the capital Tashkent and the nearby town of Angren. Also, Zamira Shirazova, a dancer in a folk group in north-west Uzbekistan, has been fired because she is a Protestant. Some sources suggest that Pentecostal churches have been banned from preaching in Uzbek, despite it being the state language, although this ban has apparently not been extended to other Protestant denominations or other faiths. Other religious minorities also face severe pressure - both official and social. One example is the small number of Hare Krishna devotees in the Khorezm region of north-western Uzbekistan. On 24 September, one Baptist church ...
More than forty percent of central asians live below the poverty line and in Tajikistan it is above eighty percent. Also indicated in this slide is the low income equality index results for Central Asia. In Russian.
The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Corridor 2 Road Investment Program (investment program) will cover about 222 km of A380 highway in the Republic of Karakalpakstan, and the Khorezm and Bukhara provinces of Uzbekistan. The investment program comprises three components: (a) the road development component, (b) the transport logistics component, and (c) the road sector sustainability component.
economic large coal fine crusher sell in Nur Sultan largelumpcoalconecrusherin Central Asia Toshkent UzbekistanCentral Asiahigh qualitylarge lump coalmobilecrusherpriceA wide variety of kazakhstancoaloptions are available to you such as lignite bituminouscoaland anthracite You can also choose fromlumpstick and briquette As well as from
Uzbekistan has been officially recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a country that eliminated measles and rubella, UNICEF office in Uzbekistan reported.. The country achieved elimination of these diseases from January 2014 to December 2016.. The Regional Verification Commission for Measles and Rubella in the WHO European Region underlined that this fact contributes significantly to the goal of eliminating measles and rubella throughout the European region.. In 2007, Uzbekistan introduced the Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccination to the National Immunization Calendar. Two shots of MMR vaccine for children (in the ages of 12 months and 6 years old) build good immunity against these diseases for the rest of their lives.. MMR vaccination rates in the country are as high as 99.5 percent during the first vaccination and 99.7 percent in re-vaccination (2016).. Infectious diseases are one of the major threats to the health of children. Therefore, the Ministry of Health makes ...
US and Iranian competition in Afghanistan, Central Asia, and Pakistan has taken on renewed significance amid recent elections in Pakistan, and the upcoming Transition in Afghanistan. Rising anxiety over the withdrawal of US forces, ongoing regional instability, and continued tension over Irans nuclear program contribute to escalating competition between the US-Iranian
Bilateral relations between Japan and Kazakhstan have grown increasingly robust since the latter gained independence in 1991. From an economic standpoint, bilateral trade from January to October 2019 totaled $1.3 billion. Japans foreign direct investment (FDI) and official developmental assistance (ODA) makes it one of the top 10 investors in Kazakhstan, and it has invested more than $7 billion in the country. The two countries have also sought to establish closer political ties through the Central Asia + Japan dialogue, an interregional forum for government officials in the five Central Asian countries and Japan to discuss and coordinate potential areas of cooperation.. However, Japan and Kazakhstan have another area of collaboration that delves into the shared historical traumas of both nations: a commitment to nuclear non-proliferation. Japans opposition to nuclear weapons stems from the U.S. bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, which directly killed over 200,000 people and have ...
The recent travails in Uzbekistan of Russian cellphone giant MTS - hit by employee arrests and a three-month suspension - highlight the perils for foreigners of doing business in Central Asias most populous country. Although Tashkent tries to project an investor-friendly image, experts say pervasive corruption makes it difficult, if not impossible for most foreign entities to enjoy a stable operating environment.. Tashkent suspended the operations of Uzdunrobita, MTS Uzbekistan arm, on July 17 for 10 working days, accusing it of using equipment illegally. On July 30, the suspension was extended for three months. Tashkent has also accused MTS representatives of engaging in criminal activity, including evading $1.3 million in taxes and violating Uzbekistans Byzantine currency regulations.. Five managers - including Russian citizen Radik Dautov, who was appointed Uzdunrobitas acting head after director Bekzod Akhmedov fled Uzbekistan - are under arrest. On July 25, Russian officials said they ...
Tashkent, Uzbekistan, March 24, 2018 - To call attention to the impact tuberculosis (TB) has on public health in Uzbekistan, representatives from the United States Embassy were at an event today to commemorate World TB Day. Held around the world every year on March 24, the anniversary of Robert Kochs discovery of the tuberculosis pathogen in 1882, World TB Day highlights the devastating health, social and economic consequences of this deadly but curable disease.. United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Country Director Gary Robbins joined representatives from the Republic of Uzbekistan Ministry of Health, the Republican Specialized Scientific and Practical Medical Center of Tuberculosis and Pulmonology (Republican Center of TB and Pulmonology), the World Health Organization (WHO), and TB healthcare providers, civil society organizations and media representatives at an awards ceremony to honor the commitment of those on the front lines of TB control and prevention.. In keeping ...
Created as a result of events in December 1991 and becoming more prominent in 1998, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) is an insurgency based on Salafist religious doctrines, allied with the Taliban and al-Qaeda. Their area of operations is not limited to Uzbekistan, but centers on the Ferghana Valley, where the Uzbek, Kyrgyz, and Tajik borders come together. They have also operated in Afghanistan with the support of the Taliban and al-Qaeda. Like the Taliban, it wants to enforce sharia not as a way of creating just society but simply as a means to regulate personal behavior and dress code for Muslims - a concept that distorts centuries of tradition, culture, history, and even the religion of Islam itself.[1] Its existence is one of the reasons that the government of Uzbekistan has cooperated with the U.S. in the Afghanistan War (2001-). The United States first declared it a terrorist organization in 2000 and has renewed the designation for the Movement, also known as Islamic Jihad. [2] ...
Diagnostic reagents in Tashkent in Uzbekistan: list of companies and organizations operating in Tashkent and Uzbekistan in the sphere of activity Diagnostic reagents - sale, production - Directory of Tashkent and Uzbekistan
WowCity Uzbekistan is a city guide for shopping and travel in Uzbekistan. Find Uzbekistan businesses, shops, restaurants, hotels with coupons in the business directory and yellow pages.
A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Former Prime Minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV overwhelmingly won the presidential election in the summer of 2005. Over the next few years, he manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for the presidency. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won reelection in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, violent protests in Bishkek led to the collapse of the BAKIEV ...
A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990. Former Prime Minister Kurmanbek BAKIEV overwhelmingly won the presidential election in the summer of 2005. Over the next few years, he manipulated the parliament to accrue new powers for the presidency. In July 2009, after months of harassment against his opponents and media critics, BAKIEV won reelection in a presidential campaign that the international community deemed flawed. In April 2010, violent protests in Bishkek led to the collapse of the BAKIEV ...
Tajikistan was one of the first countries to receive COVID-19 support. In April 2020, the World Bank provided emergency relief to Tajikistan, along with aid from various other countries. The World Bank said that it is a continuous goal to strengthen Tajikistans response to COVID-19 by improving its health care system.. On June 7, 2020, Tajikistan received emergency medical teams (EMTs) and mobile laboratories from Poland, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom. After this support, the country began to see an increase in COVID-19 contact tracing, testing and optimization of patient care. The EMTs gave Tajikistani health care workers advice on how to handle severe COVID-19 cases.. Tajikistan enacted a national COVID-19 laboratory upscale plan, and with help from international aid, the Tajikistan government established a Public Emergency Operations Center. On July 22, 2020, Russian lab experts arrived in the Central Asian country to help strengthen its data management system. Now, Tajikistan is ...
The Information-Analytic Center Eurasia is a news digest focusing on Central Asian countries, reporting on the regions political life, national relations and conflicts, leaders, parties and social movements, elections, nominations, economic and military problems. In Russian ...
Article S. Frederick Starr, Why Central Asia Counts, Middle East Insights, November 6, 2017. Article Mamuka Tsereteli, Russian Aggression in the Black Sea Cannot Go Unanswered The Hill, September 11, 2017. Article Bilahari Kausikan, Fred Starr, and Yang Cheng, Asias Game of Thrones, Central Asia: All Together Now. The American Interest, June 16,2017. Article Svante E. Cornell The Raucous Caucasus The American Interest, May 2, 2017. Resource Page Resources on Terrorism and Radical Islamism in Central Asia, Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, April 11, 2017.. Silk Road Monograph Nicklas Norling, Party Problems and Factionalism in Soviet Uzbekistan: Evidence from the Communist Party Archives, March 2017.. Oped Svante E. Cornell, Russia: An Enabler of Jihad?, W. Martens Center for European Studies, January 16, 2017.. Book Svante E. Cornell, ed., The International Politics of the Armenian-Azerbaijani Conflict: The Original Frozen Conflict and European Security, ...
Dangling carrots is all part of Beijings strategy of showing its Central Asian neighbors that cooperation is a two-way street that can benefit both parties. In Kazakhstan, for example, Chinas state oil company CNPC snapped up an 8.33 percent stake in the supergiant Kashagan oilfield just as it is set to begin commercial production. But there was a quid pro quo for Astana: CNPC agreed to finance oil infrastructure and pay half the states investment obligations to Kashagan until it starts turning a profit (when Kazakhstan will repay the funds).. As we have seen from this visit, China is able to offer levels of investment on a scale which few other partners are willing to match, said Nice. China also enables Central Asian states to diversify their economic and foreign policy options, and reduce their reliance on Russia.. As Deirdre Tynan, Central Asian project director at the International Crisis Group, points out, for Beijing, too, there is more to the partnership than oil and gas. Central ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Levels and distribution of self-rated health in the Kazakh population. T2 - Results from the Kazakhstan household health survey 2012. AU - Supiyev, Adil. AU - Nurgozhin, Talgat. AU - Zhumadilov, Zhaxybay. AU - Sharman, Almaz. AU - Marmot, Michael. AU - Bobak, Martin. PY - 2014/7/30. Y1 - 2014/7/30. N2 - Background: The high and fluctuating mortality and rising health inequalities in post-Soviet countries have attracted considerable attention. However, there are very few individual-level data on distribution of health outcomes in Central Asian countries of the former Soviet Union. We analysed socioeconomic predictors of two self-rated health outcomes in a national survey in Kazakhstan. Methods. We used data from the 2012 Kazakhstan Household Health Survey on 12,560 respondents aged 15+. Self-rated health, self-reported worsening of health, and a range of socio-demographic variables were collected in an interview. The self-rated health outcomes were dichotomized and logistic ...
Its not easy being a boy band in conservative pockets of Kazakhstan.. Just ask the musical act Ninety One. The band, so named because all five of its fashionable young members were born after 1991, is Kazakhstans biggest Korean Pop (K-Pop) group and already has a devoted fan base in Almaty and Astana, the countrys biggest cities.. But since it began a tour last month to some of the more remote areas of that Central Asian country of 18 million people, it has had plenty of trouble.. The bands members, who say they wont speak publicly about their experiences until their first national tour ends in early November, have a look that any teenager in South Korea or many other places in Asia or around the world might instantly recognize. Mixing brightly dyed hair, mascara-ringed eyes, lipstick, necklaces, and high-energy songs, K-Pop began in South Korea in the early 1990s and has since spawned a devoted worldwide subculture thanks to video clips shared widely on social networks.. But since creating ...
Professor Kathleen Burk. PICTURE 2: MAP OF THE GREAT GAME - The term The Great Game has a resonance about it, calling up vague memories of derring-do in the mountains and deserts of Central Asia, of the conflict for mastery between two great empires in the nineteenth century, the Russian and the British. For the historian, it refers to the Anglo-Russian competition from Constantinople on the Bosphorus to India, taking in Egypt, Turkey, other Arab lands, Persia and the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, Central Asia and North-West India. [For the romantic, it centred on the territory which stretched from the Caucasus Mountains in the west, across the great deserts and mountains of Central Asia, to Turkestan and Tibet in the east.] The British feared, and many Russians hoped, that the prize was India. It lasted from approximately 1807 to 1914, but particularly from 1829, when Russia defeated the Ottoman Empire and Persia, and 1907, when the two countries signed the Anglo-Russian Agreement, which set out ...
Nice analysis, but heres an alternative narrative. The ark settled in central Asia with Noah, his 3 sons, and their wives (probably more than one wife per man) roughly 4600 years ago. They contained all the DNA currently found in modern man. As they reproduced, some offspring had more dark pigment genes and some had less. Each was attracted to a mate of similar coloring, and over 10-12 generations the effect was magnified, producing the various races of mankind who in turn went their own way. The oldest civilization (note: civilization, not evidence of man) is in China, where their cultural connection to dragons originates from their early direct contact with living dinosaurs. The newest civilizations are in South America, which are the furthest from central Asia (ie. it took longer for humans to get there). All civilizations have flood stories because they all arose from survivors of the great flood. All great migrations of humankind appear to have come out of central Asia, whether it was ...
The Institute carries out research in the following areas: flora, plant systematics; anatomy, morphology, cytoembryology, physiology, biochemistry of plants; mycology, and phycology Hydrobotany; geobotany and ecology of plants; introduction and acclimatization of plants phytomelioration; Parasitology, Helminthology; entomology; Hydrobiology and Ichthyology; theriology, ornithology and herpetology. The priority research areas are: Analysis and evaluation of the gene pool of flora and fauna of Uzbekistan, development of feasibility studies for the creation of a network of key botanical and zoological areas. Expanding the application of the theoretical foundations of introduction and acclimatization inorayonnyh plants, creating a genetic bank of rare, endangered and endemic species of flora and fauna of Uzbekistan. Assessment of current state of arid ecosystems, the study of structural and functional characteristics under the influence of anthropogenic factors, and desertification. Developing ways ...
The Delegation of the European Union to the Republic of Uzbekistan was officially accredited to the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31st May 2011.
Downloadable! The agricultural sector of Uzbekistan is still characterized by unsustainable production patterns and the agricultural institutions of the country are controlled to a large extent through government intervention. The Government takes the decision to grow cotton and wheat and fix the output prices. The decision about the production quotas for cotton and wheat leads to a restricted area and water availability for growing other crops. The country is affected by a locally occurring climate change as well as regional climate change threatens to aggravate existing water use conflicts. The current and expected climatic conditions are showing the additional irrigation applications for a sustainable and fruitful agricultural production. The partial implementation of reforms such as privatization and liberalization of agricultural markets affect the development of agriculture and agricultural trade in Uzbekistan. This paper highlights the major effects of market and price liberalization on
Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country of which 11% consists of intensely cultivated, irrigated river valleys. More than 60% of its population lives in densely populated rural communities. Uzbekistan is now the world´s second-largest cotton exporter and fifth largest producer; it relies heavily on cotton production as the major source of export earnings. Other major export earners include gold, natural gas, and oil. Following independence in September 1991, the government sought to prop up its Soviet-style command economy with subsidies and tight controls on production and prices. While aware of the need to improve the investment climate, the government still sponsors measures that often increase, not decrease, its control over business decisions. A sharp increase in the inequality of income distribution has hurt the lower ranks of society since independence. In 2003, the government accepted the obligations of Article VIII under the International Monetary Fund (IMF), providing for full ...
Information on Uzbekistan Airways (Airlines) - representations, air tickets, fare, aircrafts, transportation, custom and airport rules.
Sales of vitamins and dietary supplements continued to rise in 2011, thanks to the joint effects of several trends. First of all, manufacturers and distributors in Uzbekistan are active in marketing their products. This includes both direct advertisements and promotional campaigns through cooperation programmes with medical staff. In addition, the number of children and pregnant women, who are key consumers of vitamins and dietary supplements, continued to rise. This strengthened the potential... Euromonitor Internationals Vitamins and Dietary Supplements in Uzbekistan report offers a comprehensive guide to the size and shape of the market at a national level. It provides the latest retail sales data 2007-2011, allowing you to identify the sectors driving growth. Forecasts to 2016 illustrate how the market is set to change.
In order to deeply process gas, Uzbekistans Ministry of Energy of and Uzbekistan Hydrogen Peroxide JV LLC launched a new project - the construction of a hydrogen peroxide plant in Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan has undergone drastic changes related to unexpected death of its first president, Mr. Islam Karimov. Uzbekistan Food, Drugs, Healthcare, Life Sciences Kosta Legal 11 Jan 2017
2018.02.22 - Where to Buy Weight Loss Tablet in Uzbekistan? With all the new weight loss medications going into the marketplace in Uzbekistan-- and stimulating controversy-- many individuals in Uzbekistan are additionally looking to supplements to help weight loss.
Kyrgyzstan on Saturday declared a state of emergency over the coronavirus outbreak with measures including travel restrictions and store closures after the Central Asian country reported 14 cases. The emergency measures take effect Sunday and are to last a month in the ex-Soviet state, Kyrgyz Prime Minister Mukhammetkalyi Abylgaziev said. The mountainous country of six million
Tikkurila Oy, which is responsible for Kemiras paints and coatings business, aims at continuous improvement of its market position in the CIS area including the Central Asian countries.
The ILO has worked with the Republic of Tajikistan on a wide range of issues, including: strengthening capacities of tripartite constituents to address priority labour issues, reform wage systems and wage policies through social dialogue; elimination of the worst forms of child labour; formalization of informal economy; increasing decent employment opportunities for men and women, including youth and returning labour migrants; Improving working conditions and enhancing the coverage of social protection; improving OSH national systems and modernizing labour inspection ...
Europe-Asia Studies (July 2006): 653-677. Erkin Ahmadov, Fighting Illegal Labor Migration in Uzbekistan, Central Asia Caucasus- ... Central Asian Survey, 15(2), 213-216 (1996). "Central Asia :: UZBEKISTAN". CIA The World Factbook. "Results of population ... Uzbekistan is Central Asia's most populous country. Its 32.5 million people (2018 estimate) comprise nearly half the region's ... Retrieved 2014-07-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Spoorenberg, Thomas (2013). "Fertility changes in Central Asia ...
"Central Asia :: Turkmenistan - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. Retrieved 15 January 2019. " ... "Список избранных членов Халк Маслахаты Милли Генгеша Туркменистана" (in Russian). Central commission for holding elections and ...
Central Asia. Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar. 1981. Yunas, S. Fida (2002). Afghanistan: Hafizullah ... Area Study Centre (Russia, China & Central Asia), University of Peshawar. Emadi, H. (2010-10-18). Dynamics of Political ...
Central Asia. Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar. v. 41, no. 2. 2005. pp. 50-53. Singh, O. P. (1985). ... New Delhi: South Asia Foundation. p. 49. ISBN 978-81-88287-01-7. Nagarajan, Rema (25 July 2007). "India gets its high from ... "Central University". www.ugc.ac.in. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018. "Private ... There are a total of 1,157 schools in the state, including 765 schools run by the state government, seven central government ...
"CENTRAL ASIA :: RUSSIA". CIA.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 30 May 2019. "World Economic Outlook Database, April ... "Europe Central Asia Economic Update, Spring 2020 : Fighting COVID-19". openknowledge.worldbank.org. World Bank. pp. 69, 70. ... According to the Central Bank of Russia 422 insurance companies operate on the Russian insurance market by the end of 2013. The ... 2 arms dealer". Asia Times. Retrieved 27 January 2020. GRP by federal subjects of Russia, 1998-2007 (in Russian) "Inequality ...
"Central Asia". Enclaves Of The World. Archived from the original on 20 March 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2014. CS1 maint: ...
Central Asia. Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar. 1979-01-01. p. 42. Haines, Chad (2013-03-01). Nation, ... Central Asia. Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar. 1979-01-01. p. 41. British Paramountcy in Kashmir. ... Central Asia. Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar. 1979-01-01. p. 42. Tripodi, Christian (2016-04-29). ... During the Viceroyalty of Lord Lytton, it was deemed expedient, in view of Russian military activity in Central Asia, to obtain ...
"Central Asia". Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar. 19 February 1996 - via Google Books. https://crossasia ...
13-. Central Asia. Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of Peshawar. 2006. American Institute of Indian Studies (1980 ...
"Central Asia :: Kyrgyzstan". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020. "ESFARA ... a structure that is unique in Central Asia. The population of Isfara is mostly Tajik. Isfara is situated near the border ...
University of Peshawar, Area Study Centre (Central Asia) (1984). Central Asia. Area Study Centre (Central Asia), University of ... Their name suggests a connection with the historic East Iranian Saka tribes of Central Asia, as well as the historical ...
"Central Asia :: TAJIKISTAN". CIA The World Factbook. Results of the 2000 population census in Tajikistan. Archived 2011-08-07 ... In particular, they are descended from ancient Eastern Iranian peoples of Central Asia, such as the Soghdians and the Bactrians ... The modern labels were imposed artificially when Central Asia was divided into five Soviet republics in the 1920s. Historically ... Spoorenberg, Thomas (2015). "Explaining recent fertility increase in Central Asia". Asian Population Studies. 11 (2): 115-133. ...
Mayhew, Bradley; Bloom, Greg; Clammer, Paul (1 November 2010). Central Asia. Lonely Planet. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-74179-148-8. ...
Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 14 July 2019. "Central Asia :: Uzbekistan - The World Factbook - Central ...
Charles MacGregor (1872). Central Asia. Part V. A contribution towards the better knowledge of the History, Ethnography, ...
The barbat probably originated in Central Asia. The earliest image of the barbat dates back to the 1st century BC from ancient ... Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Blum, Stephen (20 January 2001). "Central Asia". Oxford Music Online. Oxford Music ... The state is reported to have been located on the territory of north Central Asia, Tashkent oasis, and Talas valley. Barbat ... through which the instrument came west from Central Asia to the Middle East, adopted by the Persians. The barbat (possibly ...
ISBN 978-969-35-0104-9. MacGregor, Charles Metcalfe; F. Maisey; Charles Ellison Bates (1995). Central Asia. Barbican. p. 38. ...
Russia has proven this past year that it is on a path of consolidation in Central Asia - of which Uzbekistan could be the ... "Russia , Central Asia". Globalpost.com. 15 June 2010. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012. " ... After national delimitation in the Soviet Union (1917-mid-1930s), the peoples of Central Asia began a process of ethnogenesis ... Orange, Richard (17 June 2010). "Kyrgyzstan troubles to spur rise of al Qaeda in Central Asia". The Daily Telegraph. London. ...
"Central Asia :: Turkmenistan - The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. Retrieved 23 January 2019. "В ...
Central Asia. Travels in Cashmere, Little Thibet and Central Asia. Compared and arranged by Bayard Taylor. New York. Charles ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Mayhew, Bradley; Bloom, Greg; Clammer, Paul; Kohn, Michael (2010). Central Asia. Lonely ...
The site of origin of the oud seems to be Central Asia. The ancestor of the oud, the barbat was in use in pre-Islamic Persia. ... With the evidence as yet available, it is reasonable to place the site of origin of the short lute in Central Asia, perhaps ... Blum, Stephen (20 January 2001). "Central Asia". Oxford Music Online. Oxford Music Online, Grove Music Online. doi:10.1093/gmo/ ... and Central Asia for thousands of years, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Caucasus, the Levant, and Balkanic countries like ...
Is Central Asia the New Middle East?. New York: NBM. ISBN 1-56163-454-9. Rashid, Ahmed. The Resurgence of Central Asia: Islam ... May 2007). Central Asia's Energy Risks, Asia Report No. 133 Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine "Company Overview of ... TRI is functioning as a link between three regions: South Asia, Central Asia, and Eastern Europe. Armenia, Bangladesh, Georgia ... In the late 1930s thousands of Koreans in the Soviet Union were deported to Central Asia. These people are now known as Koryo- ...
Mayhew, Bradley; Bloom, Greg; Clammer, Paul (1 November 2010). Central Asia. Lonely Planet. p. 328. ISBN 978-1-74179-148-8. ...
ISBN 5-89750-009-6. Central Asia. (1996) John King et al. Hawthorn, Victoria, Lonely Planet Publications, p. 392.. ...
Demography of Central Asia Скосырев, П. (1948). "Туркменистан в цифрах". In Михайлова, Н.Н. (ed.). Туркменистан. Наша Родина ( ... "Central Asia :: TURKMENISTAN". CIA The World Factbook.. ...
Central Asia. University of Peshawar. 1979. p. 21. Edwards, David B. (2 April 2002). Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan ... ISBN 978-1-85109-402-8. See Duration Central Asia. University of Peshawar. 1979. p. 21. Ahmed, Akbar (27 February 2013). The ... Central Asia Journal. p. 130. Muḥammad, Fayz̤; McChesney, R. D. (1999). Kabul under siege: Fayz Muhammad's account of the 1929 ... Mohammed Daoud Khan (18 July 1909 - 28 April 1978) was commander of the central forces during the revolts. He led Afghan forces ...
Central Press. p. 19. Retrieved 7 May 2011. Ganda Singh (1959). Ahmad Shah Durrani, father of modern Afghanistan. Asia Pub. ... Central Press. Retrieved 18 November 2011. D. T. Bhosale (1998). Karmavīra: mahāna śikshāvid Bhāūrāva Pāṭīla kī jīvana gāthā. ...
Mukhitdinova, Nasiba (2015). Central Asia. In: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (PDF). Paris: UNESCO Publishing. pp. 368, ... A central strategy of Africa's Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action (CPA) for 2005-2014 was to establish networks ... The Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs is the BSEC's central decision-making body. There is also a Parliamentary Assembly ... The biosciences hub in Kenya for East and Central Africa, for instance, relies on support from the Australian, Canadian and ...
Bradley Mayhew, Greg Bloom, Paul Clammer, Michael Kohn (2010). Central Asia. Lonely Planet. p. 63. ISBN 9781741791488.CS1 maint ...
Find this book in the South Central Library System catalog (south central Wisconsin) ... Find this book on the Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation library catalogue ... Central America and the Caribbean. Barbados. * Find this book in the University of the West Indies (Cave Hill campus) Library ... Find this book on Amirkabir University of Technology Central library. Israel. * Find this book in the MALMAD Israel Union List ...
While working there she gained her interest in Asia that would later affect her choice of fieldwork as a working anthropologist ... This also formed a central argument in her later work on the Japanese following World War II. ...
Major river in Central and Eastern Europe. "Visla" redirects here. For the dog breed, see Vizsla. For other uses, see Vistula ( ... Asia, Egypt, and elsewhere.[24][25] ... It was the first waterway in Central Europe to provide a direct ... is called the Vistulian glaciation or Weichselian glaciation in regard to north-central Europe.[13] ... "Record of the Vistula ice lobe advances in the Late Weichselian glacial sequence in north-central Poland". Quaternary ...
As of 2008, there are 11 Central Trade Union Organisations (CTUO) recognized by the Ministry of Labour.[35] The forming of ... In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ... "6 Major Central Trade Unions of India". Your Article Library. Retrieved 15 November 2017 ...
"EE Times-Asia. Apparently based on "Micron Technical Note TN-29-08: Hamming Codes for NAND Flash Memory Devices". 2005. Both ... The central idea is the sender encodes the message with a redundant in the form of an ECC. The American mathematician Richard ...
London: BioMed Central, 2001 NLM ID: 101088661. *Complementary Therapies in Medicine. Edinburgh; New York : Churchill ... "Eastern medicine" typically refers to the traditional medicines of Asia where conventional bio-medicine penetrated much later. ... which played the central role in fighting quackery in the United States, abolished its quackery committee and closed down its ...
... and islands of Zhejiang of east-central China, and in Korea, where the demilitarized zone has provided a protected habitat for ... Mammals of Asia. *Mammals of China. *Mammals of Korea. *Vulnerable fauna of Asia ...
India continued to collide with Asia, creating dramatic new mountain ranges. The Tethys Seaway continued to shrink and then ... Guillame, Benjamin; Martinod, Joseph; Husson, Laurent; Roddaz, Martin; Riquelme, Rodrigo (2009). "Neogene uplift of central ... Mountain building took place in western North America, Europe, and East Asia. Both continental and marine Miocene deposits are ... Approximately 100 species of apes lived during this time, ranging throughout Africa, Asia and Europe and varying widely in size ...
Most of the medical school were set up by the central and state governments in the 1950s and 60s. But in the 1980s, several ... Medical school quality is controlled by the central regulatory authority, the Medical Council of India, which inspects the ...
Central and. South America. Argentina. Argentine. Belize. Belizean. Bolivia. Bolivian. Brazil. Libras. Ka'apor. Cayman. Old ... Asia. Bengal. Bengali. Cambodia. Cambodian. China. Chinese. Indonesia. Indonesian. Kata Kolok (Benkala, Balinese). India. ... Central African Republic, Mauritania, Kenya, Madagascar and Zimbabwe.. ≈ 500,000 in the USA ...
... with a remarkable regrowth of the Hammar and Hawizeh Marshes and some recovery of the Central Marshes.[23] ... East Asia(1.4%): B4c2 1.4%. *Southwest Asia(10.4%): M* 0.7%, M3 2.1%, R2 2.8%, U7 4.8% ... The western Hammar Marshes and the Qurnah or Central Marshes had become completely desiccated, while the eastern Hawizeh ...
Central de Cervejas. *Heineken Asia Pacific *Archipelago Brewery. *DB Breweries. *Double Brown ...
Biography of comrade Pol Pot, secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kampuchea. A pamphlet published by ... Kiernan, Ben (2003). "The Demography of Genocide in Southeast Asia: The Death Tolls in Cambodia, 1975-79, and East Timor, 1975- ... Heuveline's central estimate is 2.52 million excess deaths, of which 1.4 million were the direct result of violence.[313][315] ... At the Central Committee Plenum held in Phnom Penh in September, they agreed that currency would lead to corruption and ...
a b c d e f g h Peter van der Veer, Hartmut Lehmann, Nation and religion: perspectives on Europe and Asia, Princeton University ... The RSS portrayed itself as a social movement rather than a political party, and did not play central role many of the Indian ... a b c Li Narangoa, R. B. Cribb Imperial Japan and National Identities in Asia, 1895-1945, Published by Routledge, 2003 ... Kara, Siddharth (2012), Bonded Labor: Tackling the System of Slavery in South Asia, Columbia University Press, ISBN ...
P. p. bactriana - Bonaparte, 1850: Siberia east to Lake Baikal, south to Caucasus, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia and Pakistan ... "Birding in India and South Asia. Retrieved 10 November 2007.. *^ Emery, Nathan J.; Clayton, Nicola S. (Dec 2004). "The ... Magpies prefer tall trees for their bulky nest, firmly attaching them to a central fork in the upper branches. A framework of ... P. bottanensis - Delessert, 1840: west central China (now considered a separate species, the black-rumped magpie) ...
Central Epidemic Command Center (Taiwan). *Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan). *COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task ...
It has been celebrated for over 3,000 years in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, and the Balkans.[ ... "The Gazette of Central Asia. Satrapia. 9 January 2013.. *^ a b c d "Nowruz: Persian New Year's Table Celebrates Spring ... "Celebrating Nowruz in Central Asia". fravahr.org. Archived from the original on 23 May 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2007.. ... central and southern Asia, and by Iranians worldwide.[78] ... When the Caucasian and Central Asian countries gained ...
You may be right that a similar event in Africa or Central Asia may not receive as much international attention, but that's not ... I've added it due to the disruption of telecommunication services in parts of Asia. -- tariqabjotu 19:29, 27 December 2006 (UTC ... But, if no one from East and Southeast Asia care enough about this, this name change should not be on ITN. --PFHLai 14:34, 18 ... the fear that Japan will again become a military aggressor to Eastern Asia. This is highly likely to play a large part in the ...
Wilson, A. J.; Dalton, D. (1982). The States of South Asia: Problems of National Integration. Essays in Honour of W. H. Morris- ... "The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. Retrieved 7 November 2017.. ... The Central Shaheed Minar in Dhaka commemorates the Bengali Language Movement. UNESCO commemorates the movement as ... What is accepted as the standard form today in both West Bengal and Bangladesh is based on the West-Central dialect of Nadia ...
Țări după continent: Africa · America de Nord · America de Sud · Asia · Europa · Oceania ... 1 Parțial sau în întregime în Asia, în funcție de definirea graniței. ...
Central: GEN Joseph Votel, USA. European: GEN Curtis Scaparrotti, USA. Northern: Gen Lori Robinson, USAF. Pacific: ADM Harry B ...
Central Committee (19th) General Secretary (list) Xi Jinping. *Central Politburo (19th) Standing Committee (list) ... Lists of political parties in Asia. Hidden categories: *All articles with dead external links ... Central Leading Group for Inspection Work Leader: Zhao Leji. *Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military ... Central Leading Group on Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Leader: Han Zheng. *HK & Macau Affairs Office Director: Zhang Xiaoming. ...
January 2004). "Multiple Ebola virus transmission events and rapid decline of central African wildlife". Science. 303 (5656): ... suggesting that these bats are also potential hosts of the virus and that the filoviruses are present in Asia.[88] ... collected from the Central African Republic.[85][89] However, further research efforts have not confirmed rodents as a ... Lokela had returned from a trip to Northern Zaire near the border of the Central African Republic, after visiting the Ebola ...
Art of the Bronze Age: Southeastern Iran, Western Central Asia, and the Indus Valley, an exhibition catalog from The ... Harappa was the center of one of the core regions of the Indus Valley Civilization, located in central Punjab. The Harappan ...
Caecilians are found in tropical Africa, Asia and Central and South America. There are 171 different species. ... Toads in Asia. Asian Common Toad · Ansonia glandulosa · Bufo olivaceus · Bufo latastii · Bufo pseudoraddei · Bufo stomaticus · ... Frogs in Asia. Amolops himalayanus · Bornean flat-headed frog · Fanged river frog · Fejervarya iskandari · Floresian frog · ... Newts in Asia. Tylototriton verrucosus · Chenggong fire belly newt · Chinese Fire Belly Newt · Anderson's Crocodile Newt · ...
However, there are sections of South Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa (particularly West and Central Africa), the Caribbean and ... In Asia, during the summer (or high-sun season) there is an onshore flow of air (air moving from ocean towards land). In the " ... Tropical monsoon climates are most commonly found in South and Central America. ... that affect the seasonality of precipitation also occur in Africa though it generally differs from the way it operates in Asia ...
... and the Malays in Asia.[127] As the domestic duck and the mallard are the same species as each other, It is common for mallards ... in North America its range extends from southern and central Alaska to Mexico, the Hawaiian Islands,[44] across the Palearctic, ... but also regularly strays into Central America and the Caribbean between September and May.[55] A drake later named "Trevor" ... They were first domesticated in Southeast Asia at least 4,000 years ago, during the Neolithic Age, and were also farmed by the ...
Most of Central America formed during the Pliocene to connect the continents of North and South America, allowing fauna from ... By c. 2,000,000 - c. 1,500,000 BP, groups of hominins began leaving Africa and settling southern Europe and Asia. Southern ... The now decaying glaciers of Mount Kenya, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the Ruwenzori Range in east and central Africa were larger. ... During the late Upper Paleolithic (Latest Pleistocene) c. 18,000 BP, the Beringia land bridge between Asia and North America ...
Watt, James C.Y. (1997). When Silk was Gold: Central Asian and Chinese Textiles. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. ... "Mandala: from sacred origins to sovereign affairs in traditional Southeast Asia". Bond University Australia. Retrieved 2011-12 ... Kossak, S (1998). Sacred visions : early paintings from central Tibet. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.. (see index) ... Vitali, Roberto (1990). Early Temples of Central Tibet London, Serindia Publications.. *Wayman, Alex (1973). "Symbolism of the ...
"Being LGBT in Asia Nepal Country Report" (PDF). US Aid. 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2017.. ... The central government has allowed transgender persons to use the toilets of their choice in public and community toilets. ... and Sexuality in the Desegregation of Little Rock's Central High". The Arkansas Historical Quarterly. 62 (1): 42-67. doi: ...
Geography portal Asia portal Chinese Central Asia: Western Regions Central Asian studies Central Asian Union Central Asian ... Resources from Wikiversity Central Asia at the Encyclopædia Britannica Central Asia at Encyclopædia Iranica Central Asia ... more than 90 million people live in Central Asia, about 2% of Asias total population. Of the regions of Asia, only North Asia ... West Asia, South Asia, and East Asia. The Silk Road connected Muslim lands with the people of Europe, South Asia, and East Asia ...
4. India looks to Central Asia as a long term partner in energy, and natural resources. Central Asia possesses large cultivable ... He outlined some of the elements of Indias Connect Central Asia policy as follows: 1. India will continue to build on our ... Indias Connect Central Asia Policy is a broad-based approach, including political, security, economic and cultural ... I would particularly like to emphasise exchanges between youth and the future leaders of India and Central Asia. India already ...
More than 80 years later in Kavaja (central Albania) mines laid in 1916 by Austro-Hungarian troops are still removed from the ... But, at the Seminar on Antipersonnel Mines (focused on Central Europe and Baltic countries) held in Stockholm, Sweden on 23-25 ... CIES was involved in a socioeconomic reconstruction and resettlement project for refugees and displaced persons in the central ...
The Central Asia FETP was established in 2003 in partnership with the MOHs in the Central Asian region. Over the years, ... What CDC is Doing in Central Asia. HIV and Tuberculosis HIV is a leading cause of death and a health threat to millions ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established a Central Asia regional office at the U.S. consulate in ... CDC works in the Central Asia region with local, regional, and global public health organizations to support disease outbreak ...
Central Asia is a diverse land with many ethnic groups, languages, religions and tribes. The nations which make up Central Asia ... Center of population in Central Asia Total roughly estimated population in Central Asia ... History of the Jews in Central Asia. References[edit]. *^ a b "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org ( ... Central Asia has a total population of about 122 million (2016).[1] Additionally, Pakistan has a large population of central ...
CENTRAL ASIA, CENTRAL. The mention of Central Asian foodways usually conjures up competing images of nomadic and sedentary ... ASIA, CENTRAL. ASIA, CENTRAL. The mention of Central Asian foodways usually conjures up competing images of nomadic and ... Central Asia Encyclopedia of Buddhism COPYRIGHT 2004 The Gale Group Inc.. CENTRAL ASIA. Unlike most regions of the world, there ... CENTRAL ASIA. The notion of "Central Asia" for Russia was the result of a gradual, often haphazard advance southward during the ...
The main centres of United Nations activity in Europe and Central Asia are Geneva, Switzerland, Vienna, Austria and The Hague ...
If that comes true, what will it mean for Central Asia? ... In Central Asia, countries are already taking active steps ... PHOTO-STORY: The Challenging Face of Climate Change in Central Asia. * WEBSITE: World Bank in Central Asia ...
Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes ... Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes ... Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region wont translate into real changes ... And what happens there will affect the rest of Central Asia.. Recently, commentators have observed that a large number of young ...
The World Bank Group works with countries in Europe and Central Asia to help improve peoples lives and achieve shared ... The World Bank in Europe and Central Asia. The World Bank Group works with countries in Europe and Central Asia to eliminate ... WORLD BANK IN EUROPE & CENTRAL ASIA. The World Bank supports countries in the Europe and Central Asia region in promoting ... The World Banks regional strategy for Europe and Central Asia focuses on three priority areas:. *Boosting human capital to ...
China sets sights on 6G era (Asia Times staff) 13-11-2018 07:20. Minister touts tax and fee reduction policies (Asia Times ... Mondays blockchain and crypto news, from Asia and beyond (Asia Times staff) ... Tuesdays blockchain and crypto news, from Asia and beyond (Pete Sabine) 13-11-2018 19:03. Property bubble fears rise as China ... China Eastern moves to dominate Shanghai market (Asia Times staff) 12-11-2018 23:23. Opinion // Biased journalists must clean ...
Russians and Turks-who seek stakes in Central Asias energy reserves. Some in the region now fear that the Kazakh government ... More from Asia. Prosecution complex. South Koreas president wants to take politics out of prosecutions. ... By picking the regional pariah as an ally, much as it has picked Myanmar (Burma) in South-East Asia, it gains not just another ... The agreement is a sign that China may be gaining the upper hand in the Central Asian power game. Despite strong lobbying from ...
The global COVID-19 pandemic is having a significant negative impact on the economies of Central Asia. Trade has been severely ... In addition, Central Banks of the region have only limited room for manoeuvre: the high degree of informality in Central Asia ... Policy responses in Central Asia. Virtually all Central Asian governments have prepared and implemented specific policy ... Improving fiscal positions in Central Asia through better domestic resource mobilisation. COVID-19 has put pressure on Central ...
The economy in the central Asian republic of Tajikistan is recovering after a devastating civil war, but a persistent problem ...
We are an ecological oasis in Central Asia, if you will. We have amazing natural resources. ... bringing stability to one of the more restive states of Central Asia, where Bakiev himself was swept to power on the wave of a ... which in recent years has been the lowest in Central Asia -- even lower than in poverty-stricken Tajikistan, whose growth in ... A correspondent for RFE/RLs Turkmen Service in eastern Turkmenistan says that as the Central Asian winter has set in, rural ...
North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long-term protection of biodiversity and sustainable use of ... Transforming landscapes and livelihoods in the Caucasus and Central Asia The Caucasus and Central Asia region has been severely ... Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ... Annual report 2016 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ...
As Ukraine faces one of the worlds worst measles outbreaks, doctors and parents work together to dispel myths about vaccines ...
Neanderthals in central Asia and Siberia Nature advance online publication 30 September 2007. doi:10.1038/nature06193 ... Neanderthals in central Asia and Siberia Nature advance online publication 30 September 2007. doi:10.1038/nature06193 ... Some have claimed that Neanderthals were limited to western Asia, others that they extended across much of Asia. The fossil ... and there was the suggestion that they may have extended into central China. Its not much of a stretch. ...
country of Central Asia. It is bounded on the northwest and north by Russia, on the east by China, and on the south by ... The Ili valley is much wetter than most of Chinese Central Asia and has a large settled farming population, predominantly ... country of East Asia. It is the largest of all Asian countries and has the largest population… ...
North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long-term protection of biodiversity and sustainable use of ... Contributing to a sustainable future in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia, IUCN ECARO focuses on good governance, long- ... Annual report 2016 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ... Annual report 2015 : IUCN Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia ...
The despots in Azerbaijan, Belarus and Central Asia keep on increasing their control over news and information. ...
... ... The Outlook for Medical Device Markets in Central Asia is ... To order this report:Medical Facility Industry: The Outlook for Medical Devices in Central Asia ... The Outlook for Medical Devices in Central Asia http://www.reportlinker.com/p0192645/The-Outlook-for-Medical-Devices-in-Central ... The countries of central and eastern Europe represent a total market of 303 million people and a combined GDP of US$2.5 ...
Since 1975, the U.S. has resettled over 900,000 refugees from Europe and Central Asia. Approximately two-thirds came from the ... In FY 2013, the U.S. admitted 650 refugees from 14 countries in Europe and Central Asia, including those under the Lautenberg ... An RSC in Vienna, Austria conducts processing for Iranian religious minorities (see Fact Sheet for Near East/South Asia for ...
Afghanistan was one of many countries in southern and central Asia suffering through extreme cold and snow in January 2008. ... Afghanistan was one of many countries in southern and central Asia suffering through extreme cold and snow in January 2008. ... Afghanistan was one of many countries in southern and central Asia suffering through extreme cold and snow in January 2008. ... Snow in Southwest Asia. Winter settled heavily over Southwest Asia in January 2008. Intense cold and moist air combined to ...
... and cities will account for 90 percent of Asias population growth. Central Asia is no exception, and its modest population is ... For Central Asias fragile states, the technology is a welcome boost in monitoring their own populations. But its also a ... They also give China access to a huge pool of data on Central Asias people, which both aids in developing new technology and ... But its usually the security services that China targets most directly in order to win a place in Central Asia. Since May, ...
News and analysis from the former Soviet republics of Central Asia: Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan ... Russia frets about ISIS in Afghanistan, Central Asia looks sanguine. As the Taliban advances inside Afghanistan, Moscow talks ... Vaccine uptake, the latest case surges, and related news from Central Asia and the South Caucasus. ...
A coalition government since September 2019 has yet to reverse measures pushed through by the former League Party interior minister under the previous government that eviscerated the countrys asylum system and formalized a
The EUs 2007 Central Asia strategy defines the priorities for EU development aid and diplomatic activity in the region. These ... European trade and investment, above all in Kazakhstan, have made the EU the main economic player in Central Asia, ahead of ... However, former overlord Russia does not seem to resent European influence in Central Asia as much as in eastern Europe, and ... and will probably remain at the heart of future EU policy in Central Asia. However, there have also been several major ...
Oxford alumni in South and Central Asia. There are over 3,100 University of Oxford alumni in South and Central Asia. The ... HomeAboutInternational OxfordAsia - South and CentralAsia - South and Central region ... South and Central Asian students at Oxford. There are currently around 570 students from South and Central Asia, just over two- ... South and Central Asian academics at Oxford. There are over 200 academics from South and Central Asia working at Oxford. Around ...
  • Others do not hesitate to add other Turkic-language areas, like the Caucasus, Turkey , and parts of Siberia , while some embrace Mongolia, Iran , Afghanistan , northern India , Pakistan , and even Tibet in the Central Asian cultural orbit. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Caucasus and Central Asia region has been severely impacted by climate change and land degradation. (iucn.org)
  • Vaccine uptake, the latest case surges, and related news from Central Asia and the South Caucasus. (eurasianet.org)
  • The Russian and Eurasian Studies Centre at St Antony's College provides a hub for research on Central Asia and the Caucasus. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Children in the Central Asia and South Caucasus sub-regions are vulnerable to poorly mitigated natural hazards, under-resourced social services, and weak governance and protection, despite the middle-income status of these countries. (unicef.org)
  • Child, infant and neonatal mortality rates are two to three times higher in the Central Asia and South Caucasus sub-regions than in Eastern Europe. (unicef.org)
  • With children facing heightened vulnerability, particularly in the Central Asia and South Caucasus sub-regions, the Regional Office will continue to engage with governments and intergovernmental and civil society partners on disaster risk reduction. (unicef.org)
  • 6 The Regional Office established partnerships for child-centered disaster risk reduction and preparedness with the Kazakhstan-based regional centre, including an inventory of existing emergency pre-positioning in the Central Asia and South Caucasus sub-regions. (unicef.org)
  • He has extensive experience in agronomy and cropping systems with emphasis on crop rotations, cultural practices and conservation tillage in dryland agriculture, currently Consultant to ICARDA's Regional Program on Central Asia and the Caucasus. (google.com)
  • Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia was revised to a smaller extent, partly because of lower oil production cuts. (reuters.com)
  • The average percentage of stunted children under five in the Caucasus and Central Asia group of countries is more than three times higher than in the European Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries, where the figure is 6 percent. (fao.org)
  • Fruit and vegetable production in Caucasus and Central Asia is on the rise, the paper notes, a trend that offers cause for hope that dietary diversity and quality will improve. (fao.org)
  • Almost 48 percent of people in the Caucasus and Central Asia countries, and more than 50 percent in both the European CIS and Southeastern European countries, are overweight or obese by World Health Organization standards. (fao.org)
  • Focusing on the most food-insecure group of countries - in Caucasus and Central Asia - FAO notes that despite impressive increases in agricultural production in recent years, all countries except Uzbekistan continue to be net importers of agricultural products. (fao.org)
  • The recruitment of young people to join the ISIS fighters is also quite real, all the more so in an atmosphere of unemployment in the Central Asian countries and the Muslim republics of the Russian Caucasus. (opendemocracy.net)
  • In an atmosphere of unemployment in Central Asia and the Caucasus, ISIS recruitment of young Muslims is quite real. (opendemocracy.net)
  • Wheat is the most important cereal in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) and the Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia). (springer.com)
  • tritici is considered the most important disease of wheat in Central Asia and the Caucasus (CAC). (springer.com)
  • The political and economic landscape in the countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia is evolving. (oecd.org)
  • In 2003, the Ministers of Environment of the 12 countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), together with their partners in the "Environment for Europe" process, adopted the EECCA Environment Strategy. (oecd.org)
  • Three regions are priorities to create a coherent and complete BirdLife Europe Partnership network in Europe and Central Asia: the Balkans, the Caucasus region and the Russian Federation. (birdlife.org)
  • External shocks since 2014 - lower oil prices and slower growth in key trading partners - have put financial sectors, mainly banks, in the eight Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries under increased stress. (tsoshop.co.uk)
  • Towards the creation of an FAO Commission on locusts in Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA)? (fao.org)
  • On 28 July, Experts from Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries met for highly technical. (fao.org)
  • Locusts and grasshoppers are serious threats for agriculture in Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA). (fao.org)
  • Paul will share with us his view on the prospects of states and people in this important strategic region, which includes the Caucasus and Central Asia, as well as the Baltic countries and Ukraine. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • Washington, D.C. - The 2016 CAMCA (Central Asia-Mongolia-Caucasus-Afghanistan) Regional Forum will be held on June 17th-19thin Tbilisi, Georgia, hosted by the Rumsfeld Foundation in partnership with the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute at Johns Hopkins University. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • This first joint forum of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and the Atlantic Council will present these developments, ask if they represent a real shift, and consider the implications of such changes for the Central Asia region as a whole and for its place in the world. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • Svante E. Cornell is Director of the American Foreign Policy Council's Central Asia-Caucasus Institute, and a co-founder of the Institute for Security and Development Policy in Stockholm. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • His main areas of expertise are security issues, state-building, and transnational crime in Southwest and Central Asia, with a specific focus on the Caucasus and Turkey. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • He is the Editor of the Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst, the Joint Center's bi-weekly publication, and of the Joint Center's Silk Road Papers series of occasional papers. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • He also serves as director of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies program and he is a co-founder of the Institute for Security and Development Policy Stockholm. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • As a key implementer of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), CDC works with the governments of the Central Asia region (primarily Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan) to build sustainable, high-impact national HIV response programs with the goal of achieving epidemic control of HIV. (cdc.gov)
  • The geographical limits of Central Asia , once called Turkistan, include the Soviet successor states ( Uzbekistan , Turkmenistan , Tajikistan , Kazakhstan , and Kyrgyzstan ), and Xinjiang in northwest China . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The economy in the central Asian republic of Tajikistan is recovering after a devastating civil war, but a persistent problem remains - tens of thousands of children are trapped in child labour. (ilo.org)
  • The five republics of Central Asia -- Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan -- are all seeing increasing levels of government intrusion and disruption of private life. (opednews.com)
  • DUSHANBE, Tajikistan, Feb 9 2018 (IPS) - In Tajikistan and other countries of Central Asia, local water user associations have proved vital for efficient irrigation management, and reasonably prolonged training is the key for enabling the associations to perform well. (ipsnews.net)
  • More than forty percent of central asians live below the poverty line and in Tajikistan it is above eighty percent. (grida.no)
  • GLASGOW - A year after public health officials sounded the alarm about rising rates of HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia - which includes the Baltic states, Belarus, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Tajikistan, and Ukraine - the number of new HIV diagnoses in the region is not letting up. (medscape.com)
  • Now, as the United States winds down operations in Afghanistan after almost 20 years of war, Central Asia is positioned to play a key role in the Biden administration's efforts to contain the fallout of the withdrawal, as the Taliban have beat a hasty path through northern Afghanistan, making unprecedented territorial gains and seizing some two-thirds of the country's porous and lengthy border with Tajikistan to the north. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • The Biden administration is waging a diplomatic charm offensive in Central Asia and is reportedly in talks with Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan about temporarily taking in Afghan refugees who worked with the U.S. government and may now face reprisals as the Taliban rampage. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Editor's Note: Ask most Americans whether they know where Tajikistan is and you are likely to get a blank stare, even though this former Soviet Republic and now independent country of seven million inhabitants occupies a geopolitically sensitive location at the core of Greater Central Asia, bordering Afghanistan, China, Iran, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. (brookings.edu)
  • Even less could one imagine the way the city greeted the visitor ten years ago, when I arrived for my first visit to Tajikistan as the World Bank's Vice President for the Europe and Central Asia Region. (brookings.edu)
  • Project beneficiaries are all five Central Asian countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. (unece.org)
  • Four Central Asian states - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan - have argued over their water resources since the collapse of the Soviet Union. (crisisgroup.org)
  • Xi's visit to four Central Asian states (excluding Tajikistan) has reaffirmed Beijing's rising clout in this energy-rich region, situated on China's sensitive Western flank. (eurasianet.org)
  • The project will work in five countries in Central Asia: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan. (abtassociates.com)
  • The CAMCA Regional Forum is a non-political and non-partisan entity established to promote region-wide discussions on means of advancing economic growth and development in Greater Central Asia (Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan). (silkroadstudies.org)
  • The most limited definition was the official one of the Soviet Union, which defined Middle Asia as consisting solely of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, hence omitting Kazakhstan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established a Central Asia regional office at the U.S. consulate in Kazakhstan in 1995. (cdc.gov)
  • European trade and investment, above all in Kazakhstan, have made the EU the main economic player in Central Asia, ahead of Russia and China. (europa.eu)
  • Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan hold the largest oil and gas fields in Central Asia. (asianews.it)
  • At the moment of the launching of the project, Kazakhstan was the only Central Asian country that was a Party to the Convention. (unece.org)
  • As the U.S. struggles to keep North Korea and Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons, deny WMDs from terrorists and other actors, and sustain a major security presence in Central Asia, partnering with Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan against WMDs offers low-cost, high-yield opportunities. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Turkmenistan is one of the keystones of Central Asian geopolitics, third in importance after Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. (heritage.org)
  • Situated along Iran's northern border, abutting Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, bordering Kazakhstan and, across the Caspian, Azerbaijan, the country is the third most important in Central Asia as far as Washington is concerned. (heritage.org)
  • Initiatives of the newly installed President Mirziyoyev in Uzbekistan and proposals regarding reforms by President Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan suggest that something may be stirring in Central Asia. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • Central Asia (2019) has a population of about 72 million, consisting of five republics: Kazakhstan (pop. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soon after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the leaders of the four former Soviet Central Asian Republics met in Tashkent and declared that the definition of Central Asia should include Kazakhstan as well as the original four included by the Soviets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central Asian countries, especially Kazakhstan, have almost limitless reserves of iron ore and coal, as well as abundant cheap electricity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eastern Europe and Central Asia generally lag behind their central and western European counterparts on each step in the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals, Pharris reported here at HIV Drug Therapy 2018. (medscape.com)
  • Cite this: HIV Rates Still Rising in Eastern Europe and Central Asia - Medscape - Oct 29, 2018. (medscape.com)
  • Silk Road Paper Svante E. Cornell and S. Frederick Starr, Modernization and Regional Cooperation in Central Asia: A New Spring , November 2018. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Therefore, although Uzbekistan did not host the meeting, the gathering of Central Asian presidents became possible due to the changes in Uzbekistan and the transformation of Uzbekistan's foreign policy from isolation and hostility towards a more open approach to its neighbors. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Since the death of Uzekistan's President Islam Karimov in September of 2016, the stability that characterized key developments and overall dynamics in Uzbekistan as well as in the Central Asia region as a whole, has been undergoing a noticeable shift. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • Kazakhstan's choice of China to develop its second biggest field may also augur ill for others-Europeans, Russians and Turks-who seek stakes in Central Asia's energy reserves. (economist.com)
  • For Central Asia's fragile states, the technology is a welcome boost in monitoring their own populations. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Central Asia's arid climate leaves little margin for error in the management of water for crop production, which depends almost entirely on irrigation. (ipsnews.net)
  • Tajikistan's success or failure in working through its current crisis may well be a barometer of Central Asia's long term prospects. (brookings.edu)
  • Russian leader Vladimir Putin has worked assiduously to try to prevent Central Asia's tilt toward China, but Xi's tour showed that Russia lacks the economic weapons to counter Beijing's diplomacy in the region. (eurasianet.org)
  • Central Asia's energy resources are of enormous interest to China, but this is just one aspect of the relationship," she told EurasiaNet.org. (eurasianet.org)
  • The personal rivalries of local leaders made deeper all-regional cooperation impossible, while the interference of other powers (especially Russia and China) and the implementation of their own integration projects (CSTO, EEC, SCO, etc.) absorbed the remnants of Central Asia's integration potential. (cacianalyst.org)
  • However, former overlord Russia does not seem to resent European influence in Central Asia as much as in eastern Europe, and the region has avoided becoming a zone of geopolitical confrontation. (europa.eu)
  • Between them, the Centre Fellows cover Twentieth Century Russian history, Russian and Soviet politics and foreign policy, Russian literature and culture, and the economics of Russia, Ukraine and Central Asia. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Amid a slew of global crises that preoccupied Washington in 1990s, from Rwanda to the Balkans, the newly independent states of Central Asia never rose high up the list of U.S. foreign-policy concerns and continued to be largely viewed through the wider context of relations with Russia. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • If we were looking at Central Asia through a Russia prism in the 1990s, it very much becomes an Afghanistan prism in the 2000s," said Brianne Todd, assistant professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies at the National Defense University. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Recently, representatives of ISIS have stated that one of the organisation's tasks is to destabilise the situation in Muslim countries in Central Asia, as well as in Russia. (opendemocracy.net)
  • How real are ISIS's threats to destabilise the situation in Central Asia and Russia? (opendemocracy.net)
  • How real is the possibility of ISIS recruiting Muslim citizens from Central Asia and Russia? (opendemocracy.net)
  • I don't think ISIS will drastically affect the situation in the Central Asian countries, and especially in Russia. (opendemocracy.net)
  • We have no clue how many fighters from Central Asia and Russia are there at the moment: I don't think there are many. (opendemocracy.net)
  • But authoritarian regimes of the kind that exist in Russia and in the countries of Central Asia, are, in fact, fruit that can fall into carefully outstretched hands. (opendemocracy.net)
  • People from ex-Soviet Central Asia have been at the heart of high-profile attacks this year in the United States, Russia, Sweden and Turkey. (dailystar.com.lb)
  • Central Asia is, therefore, a vital source of energy for Russia as well. (asianews.it)
  • Turkmenistan is even more important for Russia than for the U.S. It a major source of natural gas to the gigantic Russian gas monopoly Gazprom, which is supplying 40 percent of Europe's gas and over 80 percent of Central and Eastern Europe's gas. (heritage.org)
  • China also enables Central Asian states to diversify their economic and foreign policy options, and reduce their reliance on Russia. (eurasianet.org)
  • Millions more migrate through the continent en route to Africa, and millions of others from the Arctic or Russia spend the winter in Europe. (birdlife.org)
  • Russia is seeing its new-found military friendship with China and the strengthening of a regional grouping as a vehicle to keep a troubled Central Asian area on its border from turning even more turbulent. (aljazeera.com)
  • Instability in Central Asia, with its long and porous borders with Russia, has been a problem for Moscow since the Soviet Union collapsed in late 1991. (aljazeera.com)
  • From a geopolitical perspective, Central Asia has turned from being the object of a mythical "New Great Game" between Russia, China and the U.S. for global and regional dominance, to a geopolitically peripheral region (except for China). (cacianalyst.org)
  • MOSCOW (AP) - Russia has strongly warned the United States against deploying its troops in the former Soviet Central Asian nations following their withdrawal from Afghanistan , a senior diplomat said in remarks published on Tuesday. (militarytimes.com)
  • He added that Russia has also issued the warning to Central Asian nations. (militarytimes.com)
  • Last week, a senior Taliban delegation visited Moscow to offer assurances that the insurgents' advances in Afghanistan do not threaten Russia or its allies in Central Asia. (militarytimes.com)
  • Central Asia is a region in Asia which stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China and Mongolia in the east, and from Afghanistan and Iran in the south to Russia in the north. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the Russian culture has two distinct terms: Средняя Азия (Srednyaya Aziya or "Middle Asia", the narrower definition, which includes only those traditionally non-Slavic, Central Asian lands that were incorporated within those borders of historical Russia) and Центральная Азия (Tsentralnaya Aziya or "Central Asia", the wider definition, which includes Central Asian lands that have never been part of historical Russia). (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] Afghanistan is not always considered part of the region, but when it is, Central Asia has a total population of about 122 million (2016). (wikipedia.org)
  • Countries in Central Asia started to report their first COVID-19 cases in mid-March, with the exception of Afghanistan, which reported its first cases late February. (oecd.org)
  • Afghanistan was one of many countries in southern and central Asia suffering through extreme cold and snow in January 2008. (nasa.gov)
  • At the same time, Central Asian countries are becoming more interested in engaging with Afghanistan. (europa.eu)
  • Other areas of emphasis include leading the Trade and Investment Council Meetings under the U.S. Trade and Investment Framework Agreements (TIFAs) with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the Central Asian states, and overseeing discussions on a potential TIFA with Iraq. (ustr.gov)
  • but by the time the U.S. military established a presence in Central Asia in support of Afghanistan operations, a Sino-Russian entente had begun to close over the region. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Op-ed S. Frederick Starr & Michael Doran, To Avert Disaster in Afghanistan, Look to Central Asia , Wall Street Journal , July 11, 2021. (cacianalyst.org)
  • The UNESCO History of the Civilizations of Central Asia, published in 1992, defines the region as "Afghanistan, northeastern Iran, northern and central Pakistan, northern India, western China, Mongolia and the former Soviet Central Asian republics. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the Central Asia-China pipeline expands to absorb extra capacity, Kyrgyzstan (which lacks its neighbors' oil and gas deposits) will also benefit: under a deal signed during Xi's visit on September 11, it will earn $40 million in transit fees annually from a pipeline extension crossing its territory. (eurasianet.org)
  • And as I listened to the women from Kyrgyzstan who traveled outside of their country for the first time in their lives, not to mention speaking in front of such an audience for the first time in their lives, I realized that this in itself is the empowerment of women from Central Asia. (opendemocracy.net)
  • 2017;14:e1002462 ), syringe-access programs don't exist and medication-assisted treatment is available to less than 5% of people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. (medscape.com)
  • JAKARTA, March 8 (Reuters) - Indonesia's PT Bank Central Asia (BCA) said on Thursday profit rose 13 percent in 2017, as loans grew and cost of provisioning fell. (reuters.com)
  • The World Bank Group works with countries in Europe and Central Asia to eliminate poverty and boost shared prosperity through enabling markets, developing productive individuals and building solid foundations for resilience. (worldbank.org)
  • Growth in the emerging market and developing economies of Europe and Central Asia decelerated to 2.2 percent in 2019, reflecting weakness in the region's two largest economies, Turkey and the Russian Federation. (worldbank.org)
  • Read about the work of IUCN's Members, Commissions and Regional Office in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. (iucn.org)
  • Since 1975, the U.S. has resettled over 900,000 refugees from Europe and Central Asia. (state.gov)
  • In FY 2013, the U.S. admitted 650 refugees from 14 countries in Europe and Central Asia, including those under the Lautenberg Amendment in-country processing program. (state.gov)
  • This page provides information about current projects in Europe and Central Asia, as well as details of RCOG International Representative Committees and Liaison Groups in the region. (rcog.org.uk)
  • UNICEF's Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia will undertake programming to address the humanitarian-development nexus, with an emphasis on national ownership, system strengthening and partnerships for results. (unicef.org)
  • The list for Eastern Europe and Central Asia was long and included such basics as the implementation of test-and-treat programs. (medscape.com)
  • During the 1990's, much of Eastern Europe and Central Asia began the arduous process of political, economic and social transformation. (voanews.com)
  • Lisa Henley says poverty is growing faster in smaller, regional cities of Eastern Europe and Central Asia than in the large state capitals: 'When people move, they don't usually move to a capital city. (voanews.com)
  • 1 April 2014, Bucharest - Taken as a whole and looking strictly at caloric intake, the 53-country Europe and Central Asia region should see the prevalence of hunger fall to less than 1 percent by 2050. (fao.org)
  • FAO's latest paper on the state of food and agriculture in Europe and Central Asia concludes that "caloric intake as a measure of undernourishment is currently not the major problem," though there are exceptions in a handful of countries. (fao.org)
  • Eastern Europe and Central Asia are home to the world's fastest-growing HIV epidemic, due to punitive drug policies, discrimination, and insufficient access to medicines and treatment, according to global health experts. (thebody.com)
  • In Europe and Central Asia, BirdLife Partners take action in order to mitigate human activities, climate change and other threats that lead to declines of common bird species and their populations. (birdlife.org)
  • BirdLife Europe is looking to work with even more local organisations in new countries in Europe and Central Asia. (birdlife.org)
  • The book is a truly international effort by a team of scientists from the U.S., Europe and Central Asia. (springer.com)
  • HIV/AIDS in Europe and central Asia. (who.int)
  • Health topics Communicable diseases HIV/AIDS Publications HIV/AIDS in Europe and central Asia. (who.int)
  • Since then, many countries in Europe and central Asia have made achieving universal access a public health priority. (who.int)
  • Although Europe and central Asia has made universal access a high priority, the region is one of only two in which the incidence of HIV infection continues to rise. (who.int)
  • An estimated 2.3 million people were living with HIV in Europe and central Asia in 2010, more than twice the 2001 estimate. (who.int)
  • This special forum, organized jointly with The Jamestown Foundation , will honor Paul Goble, eminent scholar and expert on Eastern Europe and Central Asia. (silkroadstudies.org)
  • Article S. Frederick Starr, America Inches Toward a Serious Central Asia Strategy , AFPC Defense Dossier , June 3, 2020. (cacianalyst.org)
  • These mentorships are organized in line with the CCP Workplan of distance learning activities for 2020 agreed with CCP beneficiary agencies in Central Asia. (unodc.org)
  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs will hold the Second 'Central Asia plus Japan' Intellectual Dialogue (Tokyo) on January 30 (Tue) with the cooperation of the Japan Foundation. (go.jp)
  • The Tokyo Dialogue is held as part of the 'Intellectual Dialogue', one of the five pillars of 'Central Asia plus Japan Dialogue', which is a framework of dialogue and cooperation that Japan has been promoting with Central Asian countries. (go.jp)
  • Senior officials from the United States, Japan, India, and Australia have met in Manila on the sidelines of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and East Asia Summits in November last year to discuss regional and global cooperation. (tibet.net)
  • Kazakhstan's government is atypical among Central Asian countries for its prominent efforts to reduce tensions in Eurasia as well as to increase understanding, trust, and cooperation between different regions, cultures, and religions. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Today Sino-Russian energy cooperation outside Central Asia and deepening political elite-level friendships signify the re-assertion of that bilateral entente as the U.S. diminishes its profile in Central Asia. (cacianalyst.org)
  • What do these meetings, each producing several intriguing bilateral and multilateral agreements and statements, mean for the prospects of Central Asian countries finally embarking upon a path of development through cooperation? (cacianalyst.org)
  • Dangling carrots is all part of Beijing's strategy of showing its Central Asian neighbors that cooperation is a two-way street that can benefit both parties. (eurasianet.org)
  • The 11th Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Ministerial Conference was held on 29-30 October 2012 in Wuhan, Hubei Province, People's Republic of China. (adb.org)
  • The word "integration" reminds us of previous, less successful attempts at regional cooperation in Central Eurasia and so far, no comprehensive integrational concept has materialized. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Central Asian cooperation and, eventually, integration was a topic for discussion even before the final dissolution of the USSR. (cacianalyst.org)
  • However, soon after the USSR ended, the state- and nation-building ambitions of the Central Asian states and their generally competitive relations prevailed over the cooperation strategy. (cacianalyst.org)
  • In this geopolitical situation, the new enthusiasm for Central Asian cooperation seems to be a logical step forward. (cacianalyst.org)
  • 3. India will step up multilateral engagement with Central Asian partners using the synergy of joint efforts through existing fora like the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, Eurasian Economic Community (EEC) and the Custom Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • India is ready to extend cooperation by setting up civil hospitals/clinics in Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students on each of these courses have the opportunity to choose either the Contemporary India stream, or the Modern South Asia stream, and teaching encompasses scholars from both the Humanities and Social Science Divisions alongside the intensive study of one South Asian language from a choice of Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Brajbhasha, Sanskrit, Tibetan, Persian, and Nepali. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Asia is a continent and is comprised (among others) of two large, competing, and growing powers - India and China - in addition to the United States, hitherto holding the mantle of undisputed power over Asia. (tibet.net)
  • In the Middle East , as noted above, the Ottoman and Ṣafavid gunpowder empires barred the road to the no-longer-invincible nomad cavalry, and, along the western borders of Central Asia , the Russians were soon to start on their decisive and irresistible march across Central Asia to the borders of China, India, and Iran. (britannica.com)
  • Dogs in East Asia, India and Southwest Asia contain a high level of genetic diversity due to the closeness to Central Asia. (i4u.com)
  • On 12 June 2012 India's Minister Of State for External Affairs Shri E. Ahamed gave a Keynote address at First India-Central Asia Dialogue. (wikipedia.org)
  • India already has strategic partnerships in place with some Central Asian countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4. India looks to Central Asia as a long term partner in energy, and natural resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central Asia possesses large cultivable tracts of land and it sees potential for India to cooperate in production of profitable crops with value addition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Keeping this in mind, India would like to assist in the setting up of a Central Asian University in Bishkek that could come up as a centre of excellence to impart world class education in areas like Information Technology, management, philosophy and languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • 7. India is working on setting up a Central Asian e-network with its hub in India, to deliver, tele-education and tele-medicine connectivity, linking all the five Central Asian States. (wikipedia.org)
  • India & Central Asian nations need to join our efforts to discuss ways to bridge the missing links in the Corridor at the earliest and also work on other connecting spurs along the route. (wikipedia.org)
  • I would particularly like to emphasise exchanges between youth and the future leaders of India and Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Central Asia, countries are already taking active steps across many sectors, with support from the World Bank. (worldbank.org)
  • By picking the regional pariah as an ally, much as it has picked Myanmar (Burma) in South-East Asia, it gains not just another potential energy supplier, but also a foothold in Middle Eastern politics, at the expense of countries that are more responsible about doing business with Iran. (economist.com)
  • The countries of central and eastern Europe represent a total market of 303 million people and a combined GDP of US$2.5 trillion in 2009. (prnewswire.com)
  • Although the Central Asian countries are less of a priority than those of the Eastern Neighbourhood, the EU has steadily intensified diplomatic relations with the region, at the same time as ramping up development aid. (europa.eu)
  • Although vastly different in geographic and cultural landscape, Vietnam and the Central Asia Region share similar challenges in addressing the HIV/AIDS epidemic in their respective countries. (cdc.gov)
  • WHO has informed all countries in central Asia that it does not recommend restricting travel or trade, but focusing the public health response on surveillance of AFP cases and rapid supplemental vaccination, including subnational vaccination programmes in areas with low immunization coverage. (who.int)
  • If these threats are a reality, are Central Asian countries capable of independently tackling this threat or do they need help? (opendemocracy.net)
  • If we are actually talking about the Central Asian countries, then I don't think that they seriously need to be worried about ISIS. (opendemocracy.net)
  • The countries of Central Asia are still at the earliest stage of an HIV/AIDS epidemic. (worldcat.org)
  • BirdLife Europe's Partners are present in 49 European and Central Asian countries , including all EU Member States. (birdlife.org)
  • High levels of poverty remain in pockets of rural and remote areas, which also suffer from lack of employment opportunities, say new Poverty Outlooks for Central Asian countries, released ahead of International Day for the Eradication of Poverty on Oct. 17. (trend.az)
  • Since the 2000s, all Central Asian countries have made significant progress in reducing poverty, but most of this progress occurred in the first few years of that decade. (trend.az)
  • The slowing rate of poverty reduction in Central Asian countries reflects several economic challenges, as well as difficulties securing jobs with decent incomes for vulnerable groups of the population. (trend.az)
  • Recently published poverty maps for Central Asian countries reveal that many of the remaining poverty hotspots in the region are in rural areas that lack close integration with urban growth centers. (trend.az)
  • We cautioned them against such steps, and we also have had a frank talk on the subject with our Central Asian allies, neighbors and friends and also other countries in the region that would be directly affected," Ryabkov said in an interview published in the Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn magazine. (militarytimes.com)
  • From the mid-19th century until almost the end of the 20th century, most of Central Asia was part of the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union, both Slavic-majority countries and the five former Soviet "-stans" are still home to about 7 million ethnic Russians and 500,000 Ukrainians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central Asian countries could emerge as attractive holiday destinations for tourists and even for the Indian film industry which likes to depict exotic foreign locales in its films. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even though these former Soviet republics are largely Muslim, Tokyo officials say racial similarity between Japanese and the people of Central Asia is a main reason to provide economic help. (csmonitor.com)
  • The global COVID-19 pandemic is having a significant negative impact on the economies of Central Asia. (oecd.org)
  • DUBAI (Reuters) - The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has revised downwards its growth projections for the Middle East and Central Asia as economies were hurt worse than expected by the double blow of lower oil prices and the coronavirus crisis. (reuters.com)
  • Health issues are of particular note in Central Asia with a high incidence of environmental pollution, and economies in transition. (grida.no)
  • [2] Most central Asians belong to religions which were introduced to the area within the last 1,500 years, such as Sunni Islam , Shia Islam , Ismaili Islam , Tengriism , and Syriac Christianity . (wikipedia.org)
  • Combined with traditional Chinese thought, Central Asians consider food to have either "hot" or "cold" (Farsi, sardi or garmi ) qualities, serving both medicinal and nutritive functions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A yellow fever epidemic has hit central Africa. (newscientist.com)
  • Meanwhile, some 1.8 billion people in Asia live with Aedes mosquitoes, so would be vulnerable if yellow fever, carried by migrant workers in Africa for instance, took hold there. (newscientist.com)
  • This is the BIOSCI information sheet for Europe, Africa, and Central Asia. (bio.net)
  • In: Abstracts of the 4th regional yellow rust conference for Central and West Asia and North Africa, 10-12 October 2009, Antalya, Turkey. (springer.com)
  • Proceedings of the 1st regional conference on yellow rust in the Central and West Asia and North Africa Region, 8-14 May 2001, Karaj, Iran. (springer.com)
  • In: Abstracts of the 4th regional yellow rust conference for Central and West Asia and North Africa. (springer.com)
  • HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia : Country Profiles. (worldcat.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/53977042 Title: HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia : Country Profiles. (worldcat.org)
  • Annotation HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia: Country Profiles is part of the World Bank Working Paper series. (worldcat.org)
  • To address this impending crisis, the World Bank has initiated the study of HIV/AIDS, STIs, and tuberculosis in Central Asia. (worldcat.org)
  • CDC works in the Central Asia region with local, regional, and global public health organizations to support disease outbreak response, surveillance, laboratory systems, and workforce development. (cdc.gov)
  • The Central Asia FETP was established in 2003 in partnership with the MOHs in the Central Asian region. (cdc.gov)
  • While scholars quibble over cultural and physical boundaries of Central Asia , culinary cultures of the region represent an intriguing mix of steppe and settlement, highlands and lowlands, Turkic and Iranian. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For all the ethnic and geographic variations in Central Asia , the food of the region exhibits more homogeneity than disparity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region won't translate into real changes. (rferl.org)
  • This note provides an overview of the social and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Central Asia and of the measures being undertaken by governments in the region. (oecd.org)
  • Central Asia is an often overlooked region, but one that is gradually becoming more important for the European Union. (europa.eu)
  • The EU's 2007 Central Asia strategy defines the priorities for EU development aid and diplomatic activity in the region. (europa.eu)
  • Geographically, the Centre predominantly covers South, Southeast and East Asia and is home to the weekly South Asian History Seminar Series, which brings together scholars and students working on the region from across the University, many belonging to disciplines such as history, anthropology, politics, sociology and literature. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The University also has a rich set of programmes and resources relating to the Central Asian region. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Last summer, technical experts from CDC-Vietnam shared their successes and lessons learned with CDC's Central Asia Region office (CAR), an exemplary global health model of using science-driven action and partnerships to maximize public health impact. (cdc.gov)
  • So you are starting to see large incidences of poverty and 'slumification' and 'marginalization' that are not necessarily customary to this region of the world and would be customary in Latin America or in Asia, where this sort of pattern has been very common. (voanews.com)
  • According to the Congressional Budget Justification by the Department of State (FY2013), the U.S. will make a cut of 13 percent in aid to the Central Asian region. (cacianalyst.org)
  • In addition, that region lies at the crossroads of Asia and Europe, and contains petroleum deposits that Japan could help tap, the aide continues. (csmonitor.com)
  • The post-Turkmenbashi transition can be used by the United States (and the European Union) to open the doors of this reclusive nation for its reintegration into the region and the world, in turn, helping to strengthen the U.S. position in Central Asia. (heritage.org)
  • Russia's position in the region has decreased due to its economic weakness and inability to meet the Central Asian elites' expectations of partnership rather than patronage. (cacianalyst.org)
  • where Central Asia plays the role of a region for transit and raw material supply. (cacianalyst.org)
  • This exhibit include about a thousand items from various regions of Central Asia: Eastern Turkistan (the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the PRC), Dunhuang (Gansu Province), Tibet (the Tibet Autonomous Region of the PRC) and Mongolia. (hermitagemuseum.org)
  • I don't think that the emergence of new American military facilities in Central Asia would promote security in the region," Lavrov said. (militarytimes.com)
  • Most probably, they simply want to ensure their military presence in Central Asia and be able to influence the situation in this region. (militarytimes.com)
  • One of the geographers that mentioned Central Asia as a distinct region of the world for the modern world was in 1843 by the geographer Alexander von Humboldt. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are some common themes among the Central Asian Republics' violations of media freedom. (opednews.com)
  • For the moment Beijing, focused on Taiwan, does not have enough practical interests in Central Asia to challenge the United States, which remains its main trading partner," said Pavel Felgengauer, a leading independent defence analyst. (aljazeera.com)
  • The main theme of the drills is the use of a coalition army group in the fight against international terrorism and providing military security in Central Asia. (militarytimes.com)
  • The ancestry of modern Central Asian populations is significantly derived from the Indo-Iranian and Turkic expansions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The University's libraries and museums hold extensive collections relating to Central Asia, including the Bodleian library's collection of books in Iranian languages of Central Asia, Turkish and the Turkic languages of Central Asia, Caucasian languages such as Armenian and Georgian, and other Asiatic languages. (ox.ac.uk)
  • As a result, jobs were created, incomes rose, and people felt more content -- all improving political stability, a concept favored by Central Asian governments. (rferl.org)
  • s separate visions for Central Asia could transform the region's political and economic landscape as well as relations between the two Eurasian giants. (crisisgroup.org)
  • The three sit along the Central Asia-China gas pipeline which, when it opened in 2009, broke Russia's stranglehold on the region's gas supplies. (eurasianet.org)
  • Recent shifts in Central Asian geopolitics as well as the region's internal affairs have opened a new opportunity for regional talks. (cacianalyst.org)
  • The Ili valley is much wetter than most of Chinese Central Asia and has a large settled farming population, predominantly engaged in cultivating wheat. (britannica.com)
  • In the pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, Central Asia was predominantly Iranian, populated by Eastern Iranian-speaking Bactrians, Sogdians, Chorasmians and the semi-nomadic Scythians and Dahae. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the Russian economy in free fall, Central Asian migrant workers are feeling the squeeze. (rferl.org)
  • In Central Asia, migrant remittances have decreased by 50 per cent over the past three years. (unicef.org)
  • This volume brings together a variety of historians, epigraphists, philologists, art historians and archaeologists to address the understanding of the encounter between Buddhist and Muslim communities in South and Central Asia during the medieval period. (google.com)
  • The Silk Road connected Muslim lands with the people of Europe, South Asia, and East Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Russian officials have expressed concern that the Taliban surge could destabilize Central Asia. (militarytimes.com)
  • The despots in Azerbaijan, Belarus and Central Asia keep on increasing their control over news and information. (rsf.org)
  • After the March 15 meeting of Central Asian leaders in Astana, analyses, news and reports increasingly use words such as "integration" or "new beginning" to describe political developments in Central Asia. (cacianalyst.org)
  • The good news is that Central Asia continues to make progress towards eliminating poverty," says World Bank Country Director for Central Asia Lilia Burunciuc. (trend.az)
  • Populations of farmers and nomadic pastoralists coexisted in Central Asia since the Chalcolithic (4th millennium BC). (wikipedia.org)
  • The mention of Central Asian foodways usually conjures up competing images of nomadic and sedentary lifestyles. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Central Asia has historically been closely tied to its nomadic peoples and the Silk Road. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although poverty rates in Central Asia continue to decline overall, the pace of poverty reduction is slowing, according to new data released by the World Bank, Trend reports citing World Bank. (trend.az)
  • To the smaller, embryonic Central Asian nation states, the new geopolitical realities could offer both economic prosperity as well as worsening instability and conflict. (crisisgroup.org)
  • Central Asia is a diverse land with many ethnic groups, languages, religions and tribes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Faculty of Oriental Studies , part of the University's Humanities division, is home to a broad and varied teaching and research programme in the history, literatures, languages, politics, religions, and cultures of South and Inner Asia. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The Asian Studies Centre is keen to support comparative research on Asia, and research on regional themes, to encourage debate and dialogue within the diverse student body of St Antony's College and across the University more generally. (ox.ac.uk)
  • But for the first time, a study points to a new place, Central Asia, somewhere around what we call Nepal and Mongolia today. (i4u.com)
  • It explores the effects of collapse of socialist governance and management systems on land use in various parts of Central Asia, including former Soviet Union republics, Mongolia and northern drylands of China. (springer.com)
  • While there is a clear economic rationale to the major energy deals in Central Asia, there is also an element of power projection to the investments," Alex Nice, regional analyst at London's Economist Intelligence Unit, told EurasiaNet.org. (eurasianet.org)
  • The central recommendation is clear: "The focus of governments needs to be on developing and implementing a comprehensive approach to the revival and development of the agricultural and rural sector. (fao.org)
  • China's Surveillance State Has Eyes on Central Asia China's Surveillance State Has Eyes on Cen. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • He also spoke about flexing the United States' economic muscle in East Asia by introducing a web of new-generation bilateral trade deals to contain China's challenge. (tibet.net)
  • At the same time, China's financial power has raised much concern among Central Asian elites. (cacianalyst.org)
  • The most spectacular advance of the Russians into Central Asia carried them eastward through the forest belt, where the hunting and fishing populations offered little resistance and where the much-coveted furs of Siberia could be found in abundance. (britannica.com)
  • The thriving culture of Iran was the primary influence on Central Asian society, with later Arabic and Mongol contributions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An RSC in Vienna, Austria conducts processing for Iranian religious minorities (see Fact Sheet for Near East/South Asia for more details. (state.gov)
  • The genetic test revealed that the most ancient roots of dog points to Central Asian domestication origin. (i4u.com)
  • These populations exhibit a clear gradient of short-range linkage disequilibrium consistent with a Central Asian domestication origin. (i4u.com)
  • The agreement is a sign that China may be gaining the upper hand in the Central Asian power game. (economist.com)
  • Bounded north and south, but not confined in their range by anything eastward, and there was the suggestion that they may have extended into central China. (scienceblogs.com)
  • While in the US, the traditional super power in the Asia pacific, there has also been a broader shift in sentiment toward China. (tibet.net)
  • Dogs first appeared in Central Asia going against many previous studies which point to Europe, southern China, the Middle East and Asia. (i4u.com)
  • China is exporting its model of invasive, all-encompassing surveillance to Central Asia. (eurasiareview.com)
  • The CCP Regional Segment for Central Asia is funded by the Government of Japan and the U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL), and the Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Programme. (unodc.org)
  • Russian foreign policy has also shifted its regional focus, and Central Asia is today much less prominent on Moscow's agenda than previously. (cacianalyst.org)
  • ETICA, a $31.6 million, five-year USAID program, aims to reduce the burden of TB in Central Asia by building local and regional capacity for improving the detection and treatment of DR-TB. (abtassociates.com)
  • The subjects covered are wide ranging and demonstrate the vast challenges involved in dealing with historical, social, cultural and economic frameworks that span Central and South Asia of the premodern world. (google.com)
  • The local, national, and international connections made the twelve persons' panel rich and diverse in portraying an accurate and full picture of women's rights organizing and their challenges in Central Asia. (opendemocracy.net)
  • This policy brief seeks to bring to a wider national and international audience some of the common challenges facing the health systems in central Asia, as well as some of the solutions that are being proposed. (who.int)
  • [1] Additionally, Pakistan has a large population of central Asian peoples even though it is not categorized as a central Asian nation. (wikipedia.org)
  • A chief doctor at the central paediatric hospital in Ayni said: "Nobody has refused the vaccine for their children, and parents have turned up en masse at the local health centres and immunization points. (who.int)
  • As Deirdre Tynan, Central Asian project director at the International Crisis Group, points out, for Beijing, too, there is more to the partnership than oil and gas. (eurasianet.org)
  • The theme for this year's dinner is Asia Through the Ages, offering a way to learn about the traditions that have contributed to the development of contemporary Asian cultures. (baltimoresun.com)
  • This is because of some improvement in the non-oil sector," Jihad Azour, director of the IMF's Middle East and Central Asia Department, told Reuters. (reuters.com)
  • Historically built political geography and culture are two significant parameters widely used in the scholarly literature about the definitions of Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary education, pupils in Europe & Central Asia (developing only) was reported at 21083246 in 2014, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. (tradingeconomics.com)
  • His articles have appeared in numerous leading academic and journals such as World Politics, the Washington Quarterly, Current History, Journal of Democracy, Europe-Asia Studies, etc. (silkroadstudies.org)