Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)North AmericaAmericas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.South AmericaLatin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Central AmericaAsia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Oceania: The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)AfricaCaribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.EuropeGenetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.ArgentinaArchaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Pan American Health Organization: WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Indians, South American: Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Indians, Central American: Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.Radiometric Dating: Techniques used to determine the age of materials, based on the content and half-lives of the RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES they contain.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.United StatesColombiaAustralasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.MexicoClimate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)ChileGuatemalaBiological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.PeruInsect Vectors: Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.VenezuelaBrazilInternationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.PanamaBelizeHondurasCommunicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Europe, EasternCluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Gene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Chagas Disease: Infection with the protozoan parasite TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI, a form of TRYPANOSOMIASIS endemic in Central and South America. It is named after the Brazilian physician Carlos Chagas, who discovered the parasite. Infection by the parasite (positive serologic result only) is distinguished from the clinical manifestations that develop years later, such as destruction of PARASYMPATHETIC GANGLIA; CHAGAS CARDIOMYOPATHY; and dysfunction of the ESOPHAGUS or COLON.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.IndiaDengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.Polynesia: The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)Asia, Northern: A subregion of Asia, consisting of the Asian portion of Russia.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Human Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.UzbekistanGenetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.Insect Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)EcuadorAfrica South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.BoliviaBase Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.LaosSeasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Guyana: A republic in the north of South America, east of VENEZUELA and west of SURINAME. Its capital is Georgetown.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Trypanosoma cruzi: The agent of South American trypanosomiasis or CHAGAS DISEASE. Its vertebrate hosts are man and various domestic and wild animals. Insects of several species are vectors.Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.KyrgyzstanCommunicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Chikungunya virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Alphavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.El SalvadorTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Food Parasitology: The presence of parasites in food and food products. For the presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food, FOOD MICROBIOLOGY is available.ParaguayVietnamHistory, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Paracoccidioides: A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Paleodontology: The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.Cytochromes b: Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.KazakhstanHistory, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Paracoccidioidomycosis: A mycosis affecting the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes, and internal organs. It is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is also called paracoccidioidal granuloma. Superficial resemblance of P. brasiliensis to Blastomyces brasiliensis (BLASTOMYCES) may cause misdiagnosis.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Wolves: Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.JapanCosta RicaHistory, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.UruguayExtinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Indians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Confederate States of America: The area of those states which seceded in 1861 from the union of the United States of America. They include South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.CambodiaAnti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Anseriformes: An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.Culicidae: A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic WINGS, ANIMAL venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.Dengue Virus: A species of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which causes an acute febrile and sometimes hemorrhagic disease in man. Dengue is mosquito-borne and four serotypes are known.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.SingaporeBorneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)NicaraguaDentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseAnthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.MuseumsAedes: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.DNA, Chloroplast: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.West Nile virus: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE). It can infect birds and mammals. In humans, it is seen most frequently in Africa, Asia, and Europe presenting as a silent infection or undifferentiated fever (WEST NILE FEVER). The virus appeared in North America for the first time in 1999. It is transmitted mainly by CULEX spp mosquitoes which feed primarily on birds, but it can also be carried by the Asian Tiger mosquito, AEDES albopictus, which feeds mainly on mammals.Encephalitis, Japanese: A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)Triatoma: A genus of the subfamily TRIATOMINAE. Several species are vectors of TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI.West Nile Fever: A mosquito-borne viral illness caused by the WEST NILE VIRUS, a FLAVIVIRUS and endemic to regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Common clinical features include HEADACHE; FEVER; maculopapular rash; gastrointestinal symptoms; and lymphadenopathy. MENINGITIS; ENCEPHALITIS; and MYELITIS may also occur. The disease may occasionally be fatal or leave survivors with residual neurologic deficits. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, p13; Lancet 1998 Sep 5;352(9130):767-71)Skeleton: The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.Malaria, Vivax: Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.Communicable DiseasesRodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length: Variation occurring within a species in the presence or length of DNA fragment generated by a specific endonuclease at a specific site in the genome. Such variations are generated by mutations that create or abolish recognition sites for these enzymes or change the length of the fragment.
Am.renesas.com. Retrieved 2017-03-18. "Toshiba to supply chips for driver-assist systems- Nikkei Asian Review". Asia.nikkei.com ... "Products , TOSHIBA Storage & Electronic Devices Solutions Company , Americas". Toshiba.com. Retrieved 2017-03-18.  "Green ... "Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) , Renesas Electronics America". ...
... the Americas, Asia, Europe and Central Asia], the Middle East] and the Pacific. There are about 120 regional partners of ... "Americas". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015. "Asia". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015. "Europe ... and Central Asia". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August 2015. "Middle East". BirdLife International. Retrieved 30 August ...
2001 Rugby World Cup Sevens qualifying
"Americas 2". Archived from the original on 12 December 2001. Retrieved 25 October 2017. "Tournaments: Asia". Archived from the ... Pool A Pool B Pool C Pool A Pool B Pool C Pool D Knockout Round The Americas had two tournaments to serve as a qualifier. First ... It then joins another nine teams in a deciding inter-Americas tournament in Santiago for three spots on 6-7 May. Pool A Pool B ...
Kintetsu World Express
The Americas; Europe, Middle East & Africa; Southeast Asia; and Asia & Oceania. In 2008, KWE acquired Thai-based logistics ... The Americas; Europe & Africa; and Asia & Oceania. The company was first listed on the NASDAQ Japan Market (now JASDAQ Market ... The joint venture would provide express distribution and supply chain solutions across the Asia Pacific region and SAARC ...
The International Conference on Low Temperature Physics
MLG Major Championship: Columbus
Americas Minor; Columbus, Ohio The Asia qualifier took place at Intel Extreme Masters Season X Taipei in Taiwan. Two teams were ... Americas Last Chance Five teams were invited to the Europe and CIS Last Chance Qualifier and the three runners-up from both the ... It was the first CS:GO Major in North America as well as the first run by Major League Gaming, who previously ran an exhibition ... One team from the Americas Last Chance and two teams from the Europe Last Chance will move on to the main qualifier. There was ...
"AM" is often used to refer to the medium wave broadcast band (see AM radio), but it is used in various radiotelephone services ... "Amateur Radio "Saved Lives" in South Asia". Arrl.org. 2004-12-29. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Free radio: ... AM stereo receivers can reproduce the same audio bandwidth that FM does due to the wider filter used in an AM stereo receiver, ... AM is capable of the same audio bandwidth that FM employs. AM receivers typically use narrower filters in the receiver to ...
"Americas 1492-1800". World Timelines. The British Museum. 2005. Retrieved 2008-11-16. "Asia AD 1500-1800". World Timelines. The ... The Renaissance saw the beginning of the second migration of humans from Europe, Africa, and Asia to the Americas, beginning ... "Asia AD 1200-1500". World Timelines. The British Museum. 2005. Retrieved 2008-11-23. Whitmore, Robbie. "Timeline of events in ... "Americas AD 1000-1492". World Timelines. The British Museum. 2005. Retrieved 2008-11-16. nationsonline.org, klaus kästle -. " ...
List of Neanderthal fossils
Americas, Asia, Australasia. London: British Museum (Natural History). S. El Zaatari. "The central Levantine corridor: The ... A.-M. Tillier; B. Vandermeersch; B. Arensburg; M. Chech (2003). "New human remains from Kebara Cave (Mount Carmel). The place ... A.-M. Tillier (2005). "The Tabun C1 skeleton: A Levantine Neanderthal?". Mitekufat Haeven: Journal of the Israel Prehistoric ... B. Arensburg; O. Bar-Yosef; M. Chech; P. Goldberg; H. Laville; L. Meignen; Y. Rak; E. Tchernov; A.-M. Tillier; B. Vandermeersch ...
World Tourism Day
The earliest "Incipient Jōmon" phase began while Japan was still linked to continental Asia as a narrow peninsula. As the ... These studies also suggest that the Jōmon demographic expansion may have reached America along a path following the Pacific ... Kuzmin, Y.V.; Keally, C.T. (2001). "Radiocarbon Chronology of the Earliest Neolithic Sites in East Asia". Radiocarbon. 43 (2B ... ISBN 978-1-904832-77-5. Imamura, K. (1996) Prehistoric Japan: New Perspectives on Insular East Asia. Honolulu: University of ...
Commonwealth Parliamentary Association
Americas and Atlantic; India; Pacific, and South-East Asia. The CPA Headquarters Secretariat is based in London. The CPA was ... Americas and Atlantic Region of the CPA CPA CAA American Institute of Parliamentarians - similar association for United States ... Asia; Australia; British Islands and Mediterranean; Canada; Caribbean, ...
Prostitution in Bolivia
Times Atlas of the World
Occupation of Mongolia
236-. East and West Association (U.S.) (1922). Asia and the Americas. pp. 616-. Michael Barry Miller (1994). Shanghai on the ... 1-. ISBN 978-1-137-26967-6. Asia and Africa Today. Asia and Africa Today. 1984. p. 34. Anthony B. Chan (1 October 2010). Arming ... However, in the following years Russian influence in Asia waned due to the First World War and, later, the October Revolution. ... 556-. ISBN 978-81-317-0851-4. David J. Dallin (16 April 2013). The Rise Of Russia In Asia. Read Books Ltd. pp. 169-. ISBN 978-1 ...
An outbreak started in Brazil in 2015, and spread to the Americas, Pacific, Asia, and Africa. This led to the World Health ... doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00006-4. "Zika virus: Americas, Asia". ProMED-mail. International Society for Infectious Diseases. 28 ... Serological surveys have indicated that Zika virus is endemic in most areas of Asia, though at a low level. While there was a ... "Zika virus in Asia". International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 54: 121-128. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2016.11.420. de Bernardi ...
Demographics of Switzerland
2016 Fed Cup
"Americas Group II 2016". www.fedcup.com. ITF. Retrieved 2015-11-19. "Asia/Oceania Group I 2016". www.fedcup.com. ITF. "Asia/ ... Ecuador and Peru were relegated to Americas Zone Group II in 2017. Venue: Centro de Tenis Honda, Bayamón, Puerto Rico (outdoor ... Uzbekistan was relegated to Asia/Oceania Zone Group II in 2017. Venue: Centennial Sports Club, Hua Hin, Thailand (outdoor hard ... "Americas Group I 2016". www.fedcup.com. ITF. Retrieved 2015-11-19. " ...
Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski
Asia and the Americas. pp. 556-. East and West Association (U.S.). (1922). Asia and the Americas. pp. 614-. Works by Ferdynand ... 1922 Man and Mystery in Asia - 1923 From President to Prison - 1925 The Shadow of the Gloomy East: A Moral History of the ... a job that allowed him to visit many parts of Asia, including Japan, Sumatra, China, Malaya and Indonesia. For his description ...
2014 IFAF U-19 World Championship
El Paso Zoo
Check date values in: ,date= (help) "Animals of Asia". El Paso Zoo. Retrieved 2011-01-09. "Animals of the Americas". El Paso ... The Animals of the Americas section contains exhibits of a variety of animals from the Americas including a sea lion program, ... Animals of Asia, and Animals of the Americas. The Animals of Africa section was opened in March 2010 with African lion and ... Animals of Asia entrance Asian tiger Spider monkey exhibit El Paso Zoo train African giraffe African lions Passport Cafe Zebra ...
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
Africa and Asia. It terms of sheer numbers, Jewish communities in Africa and the Far East range from sizable (upwards of 25,000 ... The Americas. There are nearly a quarter million Jews in Argentina, more than in any other nation in the Western hemisphere ... In Latin America, where Jews fleeing the Nazis had settled decades earlier (with JDC's assistance), the organization in the ... Other children fled to America, with help from the Joint and other organizations, such as HIAS.Many of those children who were ...
Malagasy Communist Party
International Red Aid
"ViaSat 3 Americas, Asia, EMEA". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 12 October 2017. Krebs, Gunter. "MTG-S 1, 2 (Meteosat 13, 16 / ... "Arianespace launch for Asia and India ST-2 and GSAT-8 satellites in orbit". Arianespace. May 20, 2011. Archived from the ... "Arianespace delivers for Latin America! Ariane 5 orbits Intelsat 30 and ARSAT-1 on its latest success". Arianespace. October 16 ... "Arianespace delivers for the Americas! DirecTV-15 and SKY México-1 are orbited by Ariane 5". Arianespace. May 27, 2015. ...
In rural areas of Asia where milk consumption is popular, milk is typically unpasteurized. In large cities of Asia, raw milk, ... "The menace of moo-shine - Saving America from raw milk". The Economist. June 1, 2013. Retrieved September 18, 2013. Soleil Ho ( ... In most countries of Asia, laws prohibiting raw milk are nonexistent or rarely enforced. The European Union ... ISBN 0-521-66203-6. Meadow, R. H. (1996). "The origins and spread of agriculture and pastoralism in northwestern South Asia". ...
While working there she gained her interest in Asia that would later affect her choice of fieldwork as a working anthropologist ... Benedict wrote her dissertation "The Concept of the Guardian Spirit in North America", and received the PhD in anthropology in ... whose emphasis is on how one's moral conduct appears to outsiders in contradistinction to America's (Christian) 'guilt' culture ... " ... "I am not afraid of pain, nor of sorrow. But this loneliness, this futility, this emptiness-I dare not face them" ...
Gran Hermano (Spain) All Stars 2011
2 The public was voting for the 3 pairs to be nominated for eviction. The three pairs with the lowest amount of save votes from the public will face possible eviction as the immune housemates/pairs will decide to either evict or save them. Coyote & Marta, Gerardo & Saray and Vanessa % Verónica received the least amount of public votes, hence were nominated for eviction. As there was a tie between Gerardo & Saray and Vanessa & Verónica, the pair with most public votes, Jorge & Lara, its vote to evict counted as double vote. Also Iván & Loli entered as new housemates/pairs. ...
In the United States, the outsourcing of labour to Asia, Latin America, and Africa has been partially driven by increasing ... Most unions in America are aligned with one of two larger umbrella organizations: the AFL-CIO created in 1955, and the Change ... "Not With a Bang, But a Whimper: The Long, Slow Death Spiral of America's Labor Movement". The New Republic. 6 June 2012. ... Until around 1990 Colombian trade unions were among the strongest in Latin America. However, the 1980s expansion of ...
Cage Rage Championships
Arya Samaj in Singapore
a b c d Countercultural Healing: A brief History of Alternavie Medicine in America, James Whorton, PBS, November 4, 2003,  ... "Eastern medicine" typically refers to the traditional medicines of Asia where conventional bio-medicine penetrated much later. ... a b c d Quack Medicine: A History of Combating Health Fraud in Twentieth-Century America, Eric W. Boyle,  ... a b c d Nature Cures - The History of Alternative Medicine in America, James C. Whorton, Oxford University Press, 2002, " ...
Mountain building took place in western North America, Europe, and East Asia. Both continental and marine Miocene deposits are ... only the land bridge between South America and North America was absent, although South America was approaching the western ... South AmericaEdit. During the Oligocene and Early Miocene large swathes of Patagonia were subject to a marine transgression. ... The largest form among them was a gigantic caiman Purussaurus which inhabited South America. Another gigantic form was a ...
List of sign languages by number of native signers
Sāmoa & America Sāmoa. Sāmoan. Aotearoa New Zealand. NZSL. Solomon Islands. Rennellese. Asia. Bengal. Bengali. Cambodia. ... South America. Argentina. Argentine. Belize. Belizean. Bolivia. Bolivian. Brazil. Libras. Ka'apor. Cayman. Old Cayman. Chile. ... North America. Plains Sign Talk. Canada. American Protactile. Blackfoot. Cree. Ojibwa. MSL. Quebec. Atgangmuurniq. Plateau. ...
I am old now and handicapped. I know that people inside Cambodia fear me. So when we drive out the contemptible Vietnamese and ... Kiernan, Ben (2003). "The Demography of Genocide in Southeast Asia: The Death Tolls in Cambodia, 1975-79, and East Timor, 1975- ... Kiernan, Ben (2003). "The Demography of Genocide in Southeast Asia: The Death Tolls in Cambodia, 1975-79, and East Timor, 1975- ... but China backed his government as a bulwark against Soviet influence in Southeast Asia. To his supporters, he was a champion ...
a b c d e f g h Peter van der Veer, Hartmut Lehmann, Nation and religion: perspectives on Europe and Asia, Princeton University ... Bhagat Singh, Why I am an atheist, Selected Writings of Shaheed Bhagat Singh by Bhagat Singh, Shiv Verma, National Book Centre ... a b c Li Narangoa, R. B. Cribb Imperial Japan and National Identities in Asia, 1895-1945, Published by Routledge, 2003 ... Kara, Siddharth (2012), Bonded Labor: Tackling the System of Slavery in South Asia, Columbia University Press, ISBN ...
"Birding in India and South Asia. Retrieved 10 November 2007.. *^ Emery, Nathan J.; Clayton, Nicola S. (Dec 2004). "The ... are as different from the nominate subspecies as they are to the North America magpie species. These results imply that the ... P. p. bactriana - Bonaparte, 1850: Siberia east to Lake Baikal, south to Caucasus, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia and Pakistan ...
It has been celebrated for over 3,000 years in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, and the Balkans.[ ... It is also taken place by Iranian communities in several regions in Europe and the Americas, including Los Angeles, Toronto, ... "The Gazette of Central Asia. Satrapia. 9 January 2013.. *^ a b c d "Nowruz: Persian New Year's Table Celebrates Spring ... The festival of Nowruz is celebrated by many groups of people in the Black Sea basin, the Balkans, the Caucasus, Western Asia, ...
Wikipedia:In the news/Candidates/December 2006
I've added it due to the disruption of telecommunication services in parts of Asia. -- tariqabjotu 19:29, 27 December 2006 (UTC ... As I am not too familiar with the case, I'd rather not edit that article, apart from copyediting and adding templates, etc. ... I, by the way, am rather interested in the story). In any case, you might have a point - I still just don't think it's worthy ... But, if no one from East and Southeast Asia care enough about this, this name change should not be on ITN. --PFHLai 14:34, 18 ...
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
The senior leadership of the Department of the Army consists of two civilians, the Secretary of the Army (Head of the department and subordinate to the Secretary of Defense) and the Under Secretary of the Army, and two military officers, the Chief of Staff of the Army and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army. The Chief of Staff reports directly to the Secretary of the Army for army matters and assists in the Secretary's external affairs functions, including presenting and enforcing army policies, plans, and projections. The CSA also directs the Inspector General of the Army to perform inspections and investigations as required. In addition, the CSA presides over the Army Staff and represents army capabilities, requirements, policy, plans, and programs in Joint fora. Under delegation of authority made by the Secretary of the Army, the CSA designates army personnel and army resources to the Commanders of the Combatant Commands. The CSA performs all other functions enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § ...
Amphibian - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Caecilians are found in tropical Africa, Asia and Central and South America. There are 171 different species. ... Toads in Asia. Asian Common Toad · Ansonia glandulosa · Bufo olivaceus · Bufo latastii · Bufo pseudoraddei · Bufo stomaticus · ... Frogs in Asia. Amolops himalayanus · Bornean flat-headed frog · Fanged river frog · Fejervarya iskandari · Floresian frog · ... Newts in Asia. Tylototriton verrucosus · Chenggong fire belly newt · Chinese Fire Belly Newt · Anderson's Crocodile Newt · ...
Tropical monsoon climate
... s are most commonly found in South and Central America. However, there are sections of South Asia, ... Southeast Asia, Africa (particularly West and Central Africa), the Caribbean and North America that also feature this climate. ... In Asia, during the summer (or high-sun season) there is an onshore flow of air (air moving from ocean towards land). In the " ... The monsoon climates of Africa, and the Americas for that matter, are typically located along tradewind coasts. ...
Guthrie, Russell Dale (2001). People and Wildlife in Northern North America: Essays in Honor of R. Dale Guthrie. Archaeopress. ... and the Malays in Asia. As the domestic duck and the mallard are the same species as each other, It is common for mallards ... Kaufman, Kenn (2005). Kaufman Field Guide to Birds of North America. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0618574230. .. ... "The Birds of North America Online. doi:10.2173/bna.658. Archived from the original on 21 June 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2011. ...
During the late Upper Paleolithic (Latest Pleistocene) c. 18,000 BP, the Beringia land bridge between Asia and North America ... South America became linked to North America through the Isthmus of Panama, bringing a nearly complete end to South America's ... Most of Central America formed during the Pliocene to connect the continents of North and South America, allowing fauna from ... "Am J Clin Nutr. 45 (1): 98-106. PMID 3541565.. *^ Hillard Kaplan; Kim Hill; Jane Lancaster & A. Magdalena Hurtado (2000). "A ...
a b K. Mills, W. B. Taylor & S. L. Graham (eds), Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, 'The Aztec Stone of the Five ... "Mandala: from sacred origins to sovereign affairs in traditional Southeast Asia". Bond University Australia. Retrieved 2011-12 ... K. Mills, W. B. Taylor & S. L. Graham (eds), Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, 'The Aztec Stone of the Five Eras ... K. Mills, W. B. Taylor & S. L. Graham (eds), Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, 'The Aztec Stone of the Five Eras ...
Unisex public toilet
Yellin, Eric S. Racism in the Nation's Service: Government Workers and the Color Line in Woodrow Wilson's America. University ... "Being LGBT in Asia Nepal Country Report" (PDF). US Aid. 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2017.. ... a b Kate Wheeling: Stalled Out: How Social Bias Is Segregating America's Bathrooms - The Pacific Standard ... "These companies are sending a powerful message to transgender children and their families that America's leading businesses ...
Códigos de classificação JEL - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
JEL: N45 - Asia including Middle East. JEL: N46 - Latin America; Caribbean. JEL: N47 - Africa; Oceania. JEL: N5 - Agriculture, ... JEL: N75 - Asia including Middle East. JEL: N76 - Latin America; Caribbean. JEL: N77 - Africa; Oceania. JEL: N8 - Micro- ... JEL: N85 - Asia including Middle East. JEL: N86 - Latin America; Caribbean. JEL: N87 - Africa; Oceania. JEL: N9 - Regional and ... JEL: N65 - Asia including Middle East. JEL: N66 - Latin America; Caribbean. JEL: N67 - Africa; Oceania. JEL: N7 - Transport, ...
Collins-class submarine replacement project
The 2009 Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century: Force 2030 white paper confirmed the replacement project, and ... both directly and as mutual allies of the United States of America. However, it has been noted that co-operation on such a ... Department of Defence (2 May 2009). Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century: Force 2030. Commonwealth of Australia. ... Department of Defence, Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century, pgs. 38, 64, 70-1 ...
Turkey-America ties | Asia Times
World Bank to issue the first blockchain bond (Asia Times staff) 10-08-2018 18:39. British double murderer denied appeal by ... China Mobile beats first-half expectations (Asia Times staff) 10-08-2018 05:55. Bank of China bullish on research and ... Indias army veterans and farmers stage joint protests (Asia Times staff) 09-08-2018 18:50. Shocking incidents in two shelter ... Jaywalker trapped under truck in dramatic Macau accident (Asia Times staff) 10-08-2018 14:21. Opinion // Steve Bannons ...
Mac sales up 25% in Americas, 76% in Asia
... By Daniel Eran Dilger Thursday, April 21, 2011, 03:00 pm PT (06:00 pm ET) ... "the growth of the Mac has been enormous in Asia. The last quarter, we were up 76 percent in Asia-Pacific, and this is many ... Oppenheimer added that Apple "experienced strong Mac sales growth in each of our operating segments, most notably in the Asia- ... being up around Americas was up 25 percent. The US was up just slightly higher than that.". Chief financial officer Peter ...
Asia, America, and the Transformation of Geopolitics | RAND
Post-Cold War Asia is increasingly unstable due to changes in relationships among the major countries, risks to the ... Southeast Asia, and elsewhere. These efforts in Asia resulted in extraordinary economic growth that gave citizens of Asian ... Since the geopolitics of Asias last half-century has been driven by the Asian economic miracle - the success of Japan, South ... Korea, Southeast Asia, and China; the failure of the Soviet Union, North Korea, Burma, and others to keep up; and the belated ...
Ancient Humans Brought Bottle Gourds To The Americas From Asia
They are heavily used in Asia today. 20 posted on 12/13/2005 11:34:52 AM PST by JimSEA (America cannot have an exit strategy ... Ancient Humans Brought Bottle Gourds To The Americas From Asia. Harvard University/Eureka Alert ^ , 12-13-2005 , Steve Brandt ... KEYWORDS: africa; agriculture; americas; ancient; animalhusbandry; asia; bottle; bottlegourd; brought; domestication; florida; ... Ancient humans brought bottle gourds to the Americas from Asia. Plants widely used as containers arrived, already domesticated ...
China, America, and the Pivot to Asia | Cato Institute
China, Southeast Asia, South America
Asia Thailand Japan Philippines India Australasia Europe Middle East Latin America North America Travel Resources ... China Asia Japan Korea Australasia USACanada Europe Latin America Online Non-English FOR ESL SCHOOLS ... China Asia Japan Korea Australasia USACanada Europe Latin America Online Non-English TRAVEL IN... ... China Asia Japan Korea Australasia USACanada Europe Latin America Online Non-English ...
America's Balancing Act in Asia | KCRW
... pivot to Asia. Troubles with Congress, the Middle East and Ukraine have distracted attention from the region thats key to the ... Americas Balancing Act in Asia. Hosted by Warren Olney • Apr. 23, 2014. National ... Americas Balancing Act in Asia. After creating high expectations three years ago, President Obama is finally getting around to ... UP NEXT NPRS MORNING EDITION Nine Months After Sandy, Baby Boom (6 am - 9 am) ...
How Chinese Food Became Hip in America | Asia Society
Eric Fish was a Content Producer at Asia Society New York and is author of the book Chinas Millennials: The Want Generation. ... At Asia Societys 2016 National Chinese Language Conference from April 28-30, Andrew Coe will join a panel to discuss bridging ... Asia Society takes no institutional position on policy issues and has no affiliation with any government.. The views expressed ... Just since your book came out seven years ago, the number of Chinese students in America has nearly tripled - now at more than ...
In Africa, Asia and South America, Catholics Grapple with Morality of Condoms | HuffPost
Chile to study trans-Pacific cable to connect South America with Asia - Reuters
Chile on Friday took a step toward building the first fiber-optic cable to directly connect South America and Asia, a project ... Chile to study trans-Pacific cable to connect South America with Asia. ... Chile on Friday took a step toward building the first fiber-optic cable to directly connect South America and Asia, a project ... 3 million agreement with the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) to finance a feasibility study for the approximately ...
Survey Finds Pervasive Corruption in Asia Hindering Progress | Voice of America - English
... shows that bribery and other forms of corruption are hindering poverty alleviation and hurting public health in Asia by ... East Asia Pacific Survey Finds Pervasive Corruption in Asia Hindering Progress March 07, 2017 04:02 AM ... shows that bribery and other forms of corruption are hindering poverty alleviation and hurting public health in Asia by ...
Cymphonix Signs Partnerships in Southeast Asia, South America, Europe, and Africa - Redorbit
South Asia Free Trade Zone Comes Into Effect | Voice of America - English
The South Asia Free Trade Agreement, or SAFTA, came into effect Sunday, paving the way for free trade of goods among the member ... South Asia Free Trade Zone Comes Into Effect November 01, 2009 01:15 AM ... The South Asia Free Trade Agreement, or SAFTA, came into effect Sunday, paving the way for free trade of goods among the member ...
Spotify eyeing Canadian expansion, Asia and South America next? - TechSpot
Spotifys annual accounts report indicates the company is preparing to expand into Canada and perhaps parts of Asia and South ... America afterwards. The report says the Canadian expansion will further strengthen their position as the worlds largest music ... Spotify eyeing Canadian expansion, Asia and South America next?. By Shawn Knight on Aug 22, 2012, 4:30 PM ... The report didnt specify which regions in Asia and South America could be potential targets for expansion. ...
Critical Review of East Asia - South America Trade | Asian Development Bank
The paper examines whether trade between East Asia and South America is a general phenomenon or a country-specific/commodity- ... East Asias exports to South America seem to show more promising signs of growth than South Americas exports to East Asia. ... While South America has an overall trade surplus with East Asia, detailed country and commodity analysis of inter-regional ... This paper examines whether the trend of East Asia-South America trade is a general phenomena or a country- and commodity- ...
Review of fisheries management of small water bodies in Africa, Asia and Latin America
Africa and Latin America have already taken a lead and it must be tried in Asia as well where there is a tradition of community ... 9. Review of fisheries management of small water bodies in Africa, Asia and Latin America. This chapter provides an overview of ... Oreochromis mossambicus and O. niloticus are very popular in Asia while, O. aureus, and T. rendalli are also common in Latin ... inland fisheries, with special emphasis on small water bodies, in seven selected countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. ...
1877 Migeon Map - World in Hemispheres - America Europe Africa Asia Australia | eBay
North America *United States *South America *Australia & Oceania *Asia & India *Europe *US County Maps *New York City Maps *Los ... Buy it now - 1877 Migeon Map - World in Hemispheres - America Europe Africa Asia Australia Add to Watch list Added to your ... Details about 1877 Migeon Map - World in Hemispheres - America Europe Africa Asia Australia. ... c 1824 Hall Map - World in Hemispheres - Europe Asia Africa North South America ...
Sending 'Everyone's a Theologian' to Asia, Africa, and South America
Sending "Everyones a Theologian" to Asia, Africa, and South America. from Nathan W. Bingham Apr 22, 2014 Category: Ministry ... "We create Relief Projects by working with translators, publishers, and printers here in North America as well as overseas, and ... Through your generous gifts, these projects enable us to strengthen thousands of church leaders in Asia, Africa, and South ... America. In the last few years, weve been able to send English resources to over 30 countries.". Ligonier has partnered with ...
Analysis: Out of Asia - China steel exporters chase new buyers in Africa, South America - Reuters
Chinese steelmakers are seeking new export destinations in Africa and South America as shipments to their biggest overseas ... buyers in Southeast Asia fall by double digits, with new U.S. trade actions threatening to kill off some markets entirely. ... Compared to Asia, there are fewer nations in Africa and South America with anti-dumping duties and safeguard measures against ... "I feel business in Asia is getting difficult, so I am also searching for a new market. Probably I will join my friends in going ...
Ancient Turtle Migrated from Asia to America Over a Tropical Arctic
"Weve known theres been an interchange of animals between Asia and North America in the late Cretaceous period, but this is ... The find strongly suggests that animals migrated from Asia to North America not around Alaska, as once thought, but directly ... Ancient Turtle Migrated from Asia to America Over a Tropical Arctic. 02.02.2009 ...
Latin America, Asia leaders seek to boost economic ties | Inquirer Globalnation
Latin America, Asia leaders seek to boost economic ties. Agence France-Presse / 08:48 PM August 26, 2011 ... Trade between Asia and Latin America has quadrupled over the last 10 years, which marked the largest increase in trade between ... BUENOS AIRES-Leaders at a gathering of nations from Latin America and Asia called Thursday for closer economic cooperation to ... At the opening of the Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation gathering, foreign ministers approved the admission of ...
Global Tours, Vacation Packages to Asia, Africa, South America...
I am not much of a reviewer. But the service provided by TCG needs to be recommended and hence this review. I undertook this ... I am fully planning to use them again next year for another international trip. ... More ... We had an amazing trip through Southeast Asia! Thanks to TravelChinaGuide for planning everything from start to finish. They ...
The World Still Needs America in Asia - Quadrant Online
The World Still Needs America in Asia. Those of us in Asia and elsewhere who believe in a liberal global order should work with ... The same can be said of Asias extraordinary post-war economic success, which started in East Asia and spread to South Asia. US ... South Asia and the poorer parts of South-East Asia and China). Populations are ageing across East Asia. Feeble institutions and ... Back to America. Asia has seen unbelievable progress in the last half-century. In most East and South-East Asian countries, ...
Asia-America Gateway - Wikipedia
"Asia-America Gateway". www.asia-america-gateway.com. 2008. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-24 ... Southeast Asia (mainly Indochina) had good Internet connections with North America restored for 2 weeks only, as the AAG cable ... The Asia-America Gateway (AAG) is a 20,000-kilometre (12,000 mi) long submarine communications cable system, connecting South- ... Asia-America Gateway Cable Cut Disrupted Internet in Vietnam Internet Services in Vietnam Restored after AAG Cable Repaired ...
Asia Pacific North America & Europe Market Study on Fluorinated Solvents
Persistence Market Research (PMR) analyzes the Asia Pacific, North America and Europe Fluorinated Solvents market in its new ... Asia Pacific North America & Europe Market Study on Fluorinated Solvents. ... Asia Pacific, North America and Europe Fluorinated Solvents Market Segmentation. The Asia Pacific, North America and Europe ... The Asia Pacific, North America and Europe Fluorinated Solvents Market is segmented on the basis of region into:. North America ...
OHCHR | International Decade For People Of African Descent, Regional Meeting For Europe, Central Asia And North America
International Decade For People Of African Descent, Regional Meeting For Europe, Central Asia And North America Statement by UN ... Across Europe, Central Asia and North America, people of African descent continue to endurepervasive discrimination in law and ... And yet across the regions of Europe, Central Asia and North America, expert missions by the Working Group on People of African ... As in North America, I am deeply concerned about discrimination in access to justice, treatment by police, and throughout ...
Structure-Function Relationship in Heterodimeric Neurotoxin PLA2s from Viperidae Snakes Inhabiting Europe, South America, and...
The structure and function of ncHdPLA2s from the venoms of snakes inhabiting Europe, South America, and Asia are similar. There ... South America, and Asia. In: Gopalakrishnakone P., Calvete J. (eds) Venom Genomics and Proteomics. Toxinology. Springer, ... Soares AM, Mancin AC, Cecchini AL, Arantes EC, Franca SC, Gutierrez JM, Giglio JR. Effects of chemical modifications of ... Marchi-Salvador DP, Corrêa LC, Magro AJ, Oliveira CZ, Soares AM, Fontes MRM. Insights into the role of oligomeric state on the ...
Cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America Create Safer, More Sustainable Streets | World Resources Institute
Infrastructure and Growth: Comparing Latin America and East Asia: Business & Management Book Chapter | IGI Global
The growth performances of Latin America are lagged behind East ... We model Latin America and East Asia separately to compare the ... Comparing Latin America and East Asia: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2361-1.ch006: Infrastructure plays a critical role in explaining the ... "Infrastructure and Growth: Comparing Latin America and East Asia." Handbook of Research on Economic, Financial, and Industrial ... "Infrastructure and Growth: Comparing Latin America and East Asia." In Handbook of Research on Economic, Financial, and ...
Asia America Multitechnology Association - Wikipedia
- Currently, there is no clear evidence to explain the relatively low prevalence of ZIKV infection in Southeast Asia, nor why there have been no large ZIKV outbreaks in Asia similar to those seen in South and Central America. (nature.com)
- Planning a trip to Asia, South or Central America or the Caribbean? (saveonfoods.com)
- Most of the Canadian favourite destinations are endemic areas for these 2 diseases, such as Asia, South and Central America and even the Caribbean. (saveonfoods.com)
- is it the same disease in Central America and in Asia? (theisn.org)
- Clinical Research: CKD of unknown origin (CKDu) - is it the same disease in Central America and in Asia? (theisn.org)
- Chronic Kidney Disease of unknown origin (CKDu) :Is it the same disease in Central America and in Asia? (theisn.org)
- During the last decades, several rural regions in Central America have seen a dramatic increase of a chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology, unexplained by conventional risk factors like diabetes and hypertension (CKDu). (theisn.org)
- The increase in CKDu in certain regions in Central America and Sri Lanka is overwhelming the healthcare systems and also has a profound negative effect on vulnerable poor rural communities. (theisn.org)
- Thus, as of yet, it is not established that the CKDu in Central America and Sri Lanka are similar diseases. (theisn.org)
- The general aim of this study is to explore whether the CKDu observed in Central America and Asia are similar diseases - an important step into elucidation of the etiology(ies). (theisn.org)
- The United States and Europe have many ground-based monitoring stations, but large swaths of Africa, Asia, Central America, and South America are largely unmonitored. (desdemonadespair.net)
- Central America continues to report circulation of seasonal influenza viruses, especially influenza A (H3N2). (cdc.gov)
- The three Asian countries, India, Thailand and Sri Lanka, have a high population density compared to their counterparts in Africa and Latin America (Table 9.1). (fao.org)
- The countries in which eligible studies carried out were Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea and Ghana in Africa and Pakistan, Iran, China, Nepal and India in Asia. (biomedcentral.com)
- In Asia, the most active areas of influenza transmission are occurring in parts of India, predominantly 2009 H1N1? (cdc.gov)
Latin America and Asia6
- BUENOS AIRES-Leaders at a gathering of nations from Latin America and Asia called Thursday for closer economic cooperation to help combat the global financial crisis. (inquirer.net)
- This paper employs a conditional version of the International Capital Asset Pricing Model (ICAPM) to investigate the determinants of regional integration of stock markets in the Latin America and Asia over the period 1996-2008. (repec.org)
- The Evolution of Risk Premiums in Emerging Stock Markets: The Case of Latin America and Asia Region ," Working Papers 2014-132, Department of Research, Ipag Business School. (repec.org)
- Although a copious number of local and international players compete against one another in the market for canned preserved food in Latin America and Asia Pacific, just a few of them have a solid stronghold over it. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
- They have managed to reach a position of prominence in the market for canned preserved food in Latin America and Asia Pacific by their continued thrust on product development - they have been experimenting with new and unique flavors or added nutrients in their quest to expand their consumer base. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
- Fish, meat, fruits, and vegetables are the main canned preserved foods being sold in Latin America and Asia Pacific. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
North America and Asia1
- At Asia Society's 2016 National Chinese Language Conference from April 28-30, Andrew Coe will join a panel to discuss bridging cultures through food. (asiasociety.org)
- The Asia Pacific region accounted for the largest share of the global Medical Tourism Industry, which had a lion share of 43.7% in 2016. (medgadget.com)
- The market report on the (North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa) Baby Stroller and Pram Market 2016 consists of all the important aspects of the market. (beforeitsnews.com)
- The North America capacity of fruit fillings increases from 106700 Ton in 2011 to 133800 Ton in 2016, with a CAGR of 4.63% from 2011 to 2016. (reportsmonitor.com)
- The report didn't specify which regions in Asia and South America could be potential targets for expansion. (techspot.com)
- Trade between Asia and Latin America has quadrupled over the last 10 years, which marked the largest increase in trade between two major regions over that period of time, according to official figures. (inquirer.net)
- To understand and assess the market opportunities and trends, the Asia Pacific, North America and Europe Fluorinated Solvents market report is categorically split into different sections based on product type, application and regions. (bccresearch.com)
- The growth performances of Latin America are lagged behind East Asia and this fact is often attributed to the infrastructure gap between these regions. (igi-global.com)
- Reviewing population survey findings across ten regions of North America, Europe, and Asia, this study is the first direct cross-national comparison of personal interview data on alcoholism, including prevalence rates and risk factors. (booktopia.com.au)
- The results show that ozone levels are decreasing across Europe and North America but increasing steadily in East Asia as emissions also increase, and will be helpful in future studies monitoring ozone exposure and regions where ozone could affect respiratory health. (earth.com)
- The MPI researchers review seven case studies from Europe, North America, the Caribbean and the Asia-Pacific and examine the effectiveness of MRAs in other regions, identifying possible lessons for ASEAN Member States. (migrationpolicy.org)
- All the regions are considered while studying the market, but the main regions that are considered are Asia Pacific, North America, and Europe. (beforeitsnews.com)
- The protein hydrolysates market is studied across various regions that includes North America, Latin America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Asia Pacific excluding Japan, Japan and Middle East and Africa. (sbwire.com)
- Next it presents a comparative analysis of the different ways the three developing regions (Asia, Latin America, and Africa) are affected by globalization followed by a synopsis of the thirteen individual case studies constituting the volume. (oup.com)
- Contrasting many of the positive experiences in Asia with the mostly disappointing ones in the other two regions, Chapter 1 emphasizes the need for proactive development policies at the national level focused on strategic integration and appropriate structural transformation. (oup.com)
- South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia etc. (marketpublishers.com)
- From 1815 to 1932, 60 million people left Europe (with many returning home), primarily to "areas of European settlement" in the Americas (especially to the United States , Canada , Brazil , the Southern Cone such as Argentina , and Uruguay ), Australia , New Zealand and Siberia . (wikipedia.org)
Africa and Asia4
- Africa and Asia are very different in terms of history, culture, economic development, and social environment. (ceibs.edu)
- However, despite the very different history and environment between Africa and Asia, on her first visit to Nigeria, Louise was surprised to feel as if she was still in Asia! (ceibs.edu)
- The domination of S. flexneri is observed in Africa and Asia although S. sonnei in South America is dominant. (biomedcentral.com)
- much more so than the populations of Africa and Asia . (wikipedia.org)
- Apple's chief operating officer Timothy Cook noted during the company's earnings call that "the growth of the Mac has been enormous in Asia. (appleinsider.com)
- These efforts in Asia resulted in extraordinary economic growth that gave citizens of Asian countries a stake in the stability and success of their countries, while giving governments the resources to build national administration, national infrastructure, and effective national military and police forces. (rand.org)
- Overall, East Asia's exports to South America seem to show more promising signs of growth than South America's exports to East Asia. (adb.org)
- Infrastructure and Growth: Comparing Latin America and East Asia. (igi-global.com)
- It is advised to Latin America to increase its infrastructure investments in order to record high growth rates. (igi-global.com)
- Protein hydrolysate ingredients market is expected to exhibit strong growth in North America due to the increasing number of high affluent class people coupled with rising awareness of consumers regarding the health .In North America, U.S. is the most dominating market, followed by other European countries. (sbwire.com)
- Additionally, growth in 3D medical imaging market in North America had increased due to rise in government funding and funds through private groups for the advancements in the techniques such as angiography, neuro, and breast MRI involved in radio diagnosis. (marketstudyreport.com)
- We've known there's been an interchange of animals between Asia and North America in the late Cretaceous period, but this is the first example we have of a fossil in the High Arctic region showing how this migration may have taken place," says John Tarduno, professor of geophysics at the University of Rochester and leader of the Arctic expedition. (innovations-report.com)
- Spotify's annual accounts report indicates the company is preparing to expand into Canada and perhaps parts of Asia and South America afterwards. (techspot.com)
- Despite improvements in air pollution emissions in Europe and North America, ozone levels that are harmful to human health are still a cause for concern across the world and ozone is rising in East Asia," said Zoë L. Fleming, the first author of the report. (earth.com)
- In this report, the statistics mainly focus on the fruit fillings in North America (mainly including USA, Canada and Mexico etc. (reportsmonitor.com)
- Since individuals from Western Europe are making a trip to America to look for financially savvy medications, which has loose the development of the market. (medgadget.com)
- In terms of geography, the Americas accounted for the maximum market share and will continue to dominate the market in the forthcoming years. (marketpublishers.com)
- The paper examines whether trade between East Asia and South America is a general phenomenon or a country-specific/commodity-specific issue, and whether increased trade is due to diversification and/or price/quantity effects. (adb.org)
- There is a general consensus that trade between East Asia and South America is becoming increasingly important. (adb.org)
- This paper examines whether the trend of East Asia-South America trade is a general phenomena or a country- and commodity-specific issue, and whether the increase in trade values has a solid basis in terms of commodity diversification and/or price and quantity effects. (adb.org)
- The same can be said of Asia's extraordinary post-war economic success, which started in East Asia and spread to South Asia. (quadrant.org.au)
- Thus, in order to catch-up East Asia quickly, Latin America should invest in transportation. (igi-global.com)
- The same two races existed in East Asia during the early Holocene (maybe also during the last a few thousand years of the Pleistocene) side by side with each other (Mongoloids probably making their first appearance anywhere in the world). (blogspot.com)
- On September 23rd, Kaye Scholer's Washington, DC office, in conjunction with the Hudson Institute, hosted David Helvey, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for East Asia. (arnoldporter.com)
- Radiocarbon dating indicates that bottle gourds were present in the Americas by 10,000 years ago and widespread by 8,000 years ago. (freerepublic.com)
- The first outbreak was recorded in Micronesia in 2007, then in French Polynesia in 2014 from which it spread to South America in 2015 and ignited a widespread epidemic. (nature.com)
- 700 - Use of the bow and arrow becomes widespread among peoples of Eastern North America. (wikipedia.org)
- We create Relief Projects by working with translators, publishers, and printers here in North America as well as overseas, and donate these resources through global missions networks. (ligonier.org)
- Those of us in Asia and elsewhere who believe in a liberal global order should work with kindred spirits in the US to keep it looking outward, rather than turning inward, and to advance, not retreat, from its leadership responsibilities. (quadrant.org.au)
- Even though there are areas with unhealthy levels of ozone in North America, ozone pollution has decreased in Europe and North America over the past 15 years, according to a new global assessment of surface ozone. (earth.com)
- Los países en desarrollo son frecuentemente seleccionados para las etapas extractivas e intensivas en trabajo, influyendo así las reformas para convertirse en nodos funcionales de la red capitalista global. (scielo.org.mx)