Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.AfricaOceania: The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Americas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Australasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)EuropeChromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Asia, Northern: A subregion of Asia, consisting of the Asian portion of Russia.UzbekistanGenetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.South AmericaLaosNorth AmericaSequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.KyrgyzstanArchaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.IndiaDeveloping Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.VietnamHuman Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.KazakhstanPolynesia: The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.CambodiaFossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Chikungunya virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Borneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseEncephalitis, Japanese: A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Burkholderia pseudomallei: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Melioidosis: A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.PhilippinesSri LankaPakistanSingaporeGene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Encephalitis Virus, Japanese: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.Alphavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Bacteriophage T4: Virulent bacteriophage and type species of the genus T4-like phages, in the family MYOVIRIDAE. It infects E. coli and is the best known of the T-even phages. Its virion contains linear double-stranded DNA, terminally redundant and circularly permuted.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.

Vitamin D status in different subgroups of British Asians. (1/2333)

To assess the effect of religious dietary practices and social customs on the vitamin D status of Asian immigrants, we kept records of the dietary intake and time spent out of doors of 81 Ugandan Asian men, women, and girls (9-19 years old). Sera were analysed for 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD3), and 28% of the subjects were found to have levels below the lower limit of normal. The (vegetarian) Hindus had the lowest dietary intakes, least time out of doors, and lowest serum 25-OHD3. The Goan (Roman Catholic) Asians, despite more pigmentation, had 25-OHD3 levels similar to those found among indigenous British people and had the most satisfactory vitamin D intakes. Among Asians, whose exposure to sunlight may be limited, dietary vitamin D becomes the major determinant of serum 25-OHD3.  (+info)

Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. (2/2333)

A highly fatal hemorrhagic disease has been identified in 10 young Asian and African elephants at North American zoos. In the affected animals there was ultrastructural evidence for herpesvirus-like particles in endothelial cells of the heart, liver, and tongue. Consensus primer polymerase chain reaction combined with sequencing yielded molecular evidence that confirmed the presence of two novel but related herpesviruses associated with the disease, one in Asian elephants and another in African elephants. Otherwise healthy African elephants with external herpetic lesions yielded herpesvirus sequences identical to that found in Asian elephants with endothelial disease. This finding suggests that the Asian elephant deaths were caused by cross-species infection with a herpesvirus that is naturally latent in, but normally not lethal to, African elephants. A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease.  (+info)

Obstetric and neonatal outcome following chronic hypertension in pregnancy among different ethnic groups. (3/2333)

We retrospectively studied pre-eclampsia rate and obstetric outcome in a cohort of 436 pregnancies amongst 318 women of different ethnic backgrounds attending an antenatal hypertension clinic from 1980-1997, identifying 152 women (213 pregnancies) with chronic essential hypertension. The ethnic breakdown was: White, 64 (30.0%) pregnancies in 48 (31.5%) women; Black/Afro-Caribbean, 79 (37.1%) pregnancies in 56 (36.8%) women; and Indo-Asians, 70 (32.3%) pregnancies in 48 (31.6%) women. The prevalences of pre-eclampsia in White, Black and Indo-Asian women were 17.2%, 12.7% and 18.6%, respectively (p = 0.58). Pregnancies of Indo-Asian women were of shorter gestation, and babies in this group also had lower birth weight and ponderal index compared to those of White and Black women (all p < 0.05). The proportions of overall perinatal mortality were 1.6% for Whites (1/64), 3.8% for Blacks (3/79) and 10.0% for Indo-Asians (7/70), suggesting increased risk in the Indo-Asian group. Indo-Asian women with chronic essential hypertension need careful antenatal care and observation during pregnancy.  (+info)

Biochemical indices of osteomalacia in pregnant Asian immigrants in Britain. (4/2333)

Serum calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphatase, and urinary calcium excretion were examined during the second trimester of uncomplicated normal pregnancy in Asian immigrants to Britain and in local Caucasians. The mean serum calcium was significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians, and the mean serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly higher in Asians. The geometric mean of the urinary calcium excretion was highly significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians. The variances of the serum calcium, serum alkaline phosphatase, and urine calcium excretion did not differ significantly in the two populations. This indicates that there is a shift in values of immigrant Asians as a group compared with Caucasians. A comparison with figures obtained on normal nonpregnant persons of both suggests that the shift is not an inherent feature of the Asian population.  (+info)

Biodiversity of Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from fish in Europe, Asia, and Australia. (5/2333)

Lactococcus garvieae (junior synonym, Enterococcus seriolicida) is a major pathogen of fish, producing fatal septicemia among fish species living in very diverse environments. The phenotypic traits of L. garvieae strains collected from three different continents (Asia, Europe, and Australia) indicated phenotypic heterogeneity. On the basis of the acidification of D-tagatose and sucrose, three biotypes were defined. DNA relatedness values and a specific PCR assay showed that all the biotypes belonged to the same genospecies, L. garvieae. All of the L. garvieae strains were serotyped as Lancefield group N. Ribotyping proved that one clone was found both in Japan, where it probably originated, and in Italy, where it was probably imported. PCR of environmental samples did not reveal the source of the contamination of the fish in Italy. Specific clones (ribotypes) were found in outbreaks in Spain and in Italy. The L. garvieae reference strain, isolated in the United Kingdom from a cow, belonged to a unique ribotype. L. garvieae is a rising zoonotic agent. The biotyping scheme, the ribotyping analysis, and the PCR assay described in this work allowed the proper identification of L. garvieae and the description of the origin and of the source of contamination of strains involved in outbreaks or in sporadic cases.  (+info)

Ancestral Asian source(s) of new world Y-chromosome founder haplotypes. (6/2333)

Haplotypes constructed from Y-chromosome markers were used to trace the origins of Native Americans. Our sample consisted of 2,198 males from 60 global populations, including 19 Native American and 15 indigenous North Asian groups. A set of 12 biallelic polymorphisms gave rise to 14 unique Y-chromosome haplotypes that were unevenly distributed among the populations. Combining multiallelic variation at two Y-linked microsatellites (DYS19 and DXYS156Y) with the unique haplotypes results in a total of 95 combination haplotypes. Contra previous findings based on Y- chromosome data, our new results suggest the possibility of more than one Native American paternal founder haplotype. We postulate that, of the nine unique haplotypes found in Native Americans, haplotypes 1C and 1F are the best candidates for major New World founder haplotypes, whereas haplotypes 1B, 1I, and 1U may either be founder haplotypes and/or have arrived in the New World via recent admixture. Two of the other four haplotypes (YAP+ haplotypes 4 and 5) are probably present because of post-Columbian admixture, whereas haplotype 1G may have originated in the New World, and the Old World source of the final New World haplotype (1D) remains unresolved. The contrasting distribution patterns of the two major candidate founder haplotypes in Asia and the New World, as well as the results of a nested cladistic analysis, suggest the possibility of more than one paternal migration from the general region of Lake Baikal to the Americas.  (+info)

The transmyocardial laser revascularization international registry report. (7/2333)

AIMS: This report aimed to provide an analysis of the data submitted from Europe and Asia on transmyocardial laser revascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective data was recorded on 967 patients with intractable angina not amenable to conventional revascularization in 21 European and Asian centres performing transmyocardial laser revascularization using the PLC Medical Systems CO2 laser. Patient characteristics, operative details and early complications following transmyocardial laser revascularization were recorded. The in-hospital death rate was 9.7% (95% confidence interval 7.8% to 11.6%). Other early complications were consistent with similar cardiothoracic surgical procedures. There was a decrease of two or more Canadian Cardiovascular Score angina classes in 47.3%, 45.4% and 34.0% of survivors at 3, 6 and 12 months follow-up, respectively (P=0.001 for each). Treadmill exercise time increased by 42 s at 3 months (P=0.008), 1 min 43 s at 6 months (P<0.001) and 1 min 50 s at 12 months (P<0.001) against pre-operative times of 6 min. CONCLUSION: Uncontrolled registry data suggest that transmyocardial laser revascularization may lead to a decrease in angina and improved exercise tolerance. It does, however, have a risk of peri-operative morbidity and mortality. Definitive results from randomized controlled trials are awaited.  (+info)

Molecular evolution of swine vesicular disease virus. (8/2333)

Phylogenetic analysis was used to examine the evolutionary relationships within a group of coxsackie B viruses that contained representatives of the major serotypes of this group and 45 isolates of swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) from Asia and Europe. Separate analyses of sequence data from two regions of the viral genomes encoding the VP1 and 3BC genes both revealed that the SVDV belonged to a single monophyletic group which could be clearly distinguished from all other sampled coxsackieviruses. Regression analysis revealed that within the SVDV clade at least 80% of the synonymous variation in evolutionary divergence between isolates was explained by time, indicating the existence of an approximate molecular clock. Calibration of this clock according to synonymous substitutions per year indicated the date of occurrence of a common ancestor for the SVDV clade to be between 1945 and 1965.  (+info)

  • In less than a month, FESPA Asia 2017 will open its doors to invite print service providers to discover the newest products and the latest innovations in print. (fespa.com)
  • With hundreds of new products and services on display at FESPA ASIA 2017 , the ASEAN+ region's premier speciality print exhibition, visitors are guaranteed to be wowed by the latest launches from favourite brands as well as inspirational products from newcomers! (fespa.com)
  • Located in the purpose-built BITEC exhibition centre in the heart of Bangkok, FESPA Asia 2017 has been designed to connect the screen, digital and textile printing communities across the ASEAN+ region and beyond. (fespa.com)
  • Google has refuted claims that it abandoned its operations in China, as Daniel Alegre, president of the company's Asia-Pacific operations, told Bloomberg that the company "continues to thrive" and focus on the world's most populous country. (thenextweb.com)
  • The Silicon Valley firm has recently expanded into Asia-Pacific to take advantage of a growing demand for data capabilities. (campaignasia.com)
  • Biotechnology Asia Pacific Western Blotting Marke. (theinsightpartners.com)
  • Japan's presence as the 2nd largest pharmaceutical industry in the world, bolstered by an evolving Asia-Pacific partnering landscape, means biopharma companies cannot ignore the deal opportunities that are being created in this dynamic market. (captis.com)
  • Fresenius Kabi Asia Pacific Ltd. (captis.com)
  • Joseph Panetta, president and CEO of Biocom, told Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (GEN), "Japan's moves toward building biopharma appear to give U.S. companies a faster option for expansion into Asia than has been seen after a decade of engagement with China. (captis.com)
  • Read about Eunice Loh of Wavemaker, one of the 40 young industry professionals we've selected as representing Asia Pacific's next generation of marketing and communications leadership. (campaignasia.com)
  • On April 8-9, 2014, a diverse group of innovative companies and Japanese dealmakers will come together in a collaborative setting for partnering meetings, company presentations, networking and targeted programming at the 11th annual BIO Asia International Conference . (captis.com)
  • This year, biopharma industry leaders will convene at the Grand Hyatt in Tokyo, Japan to make the cross border deals that will advance collaboration between Asia and the West. (captis.com)
  • Asian biopharmas at this year's plenary sessions will include Acucela Inc., TaiGen Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Pfizer (Asia), Baxter (Japan), and Taiwan Liposome Company, Ltd. The speakers and the full descriptions for the 2014 panels can be viewed here . (captis.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established a Central Asia regional office at the U.S. consulate in Kazakhstan in 1995. (cdc.gov)
  • As a key implementer of the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), CDC works with the governments of the Central Asia region (primarily Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan) to build sustainable, high-impact national HIV response programs with the goal of achieving epidemic control of HIV. (cdc.gov)
  • CDC works in the Central Asia region with local, regional, and global public health organizations to support disease outbreak response, surveillance, laboratory systems, and workforce development. (cdc.gov)
  • The Central Asia FETP was established in 2003 in partnership with the MOHs in the Central Asian region. (cdc.gov)
  • The estimated number of people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia rose to 1.5 million in 2007. (reuters.com)
  • While scholars quibble over cultural and physical boundaries of Central Asia , culinary cultures of the region represent an intriguing mix of steppe and settlement, highlands and lowlands, Turkic and Iranian. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For all the ethnic and geographic variations in Central Asia , the food of the region exhibits more homogeneity than disparity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The geographical limits of Central Asia , once called Turkistan, include the Soviet successor states ( Uzbekistan , Turkmenistan , Tajikistan , Kazakhstan , and Kyrgyzstan ), and Xinjiang in northwest China . (encyclopedia.com)
  • The spirited bazaars of Central Asia - part marketplace, part carnival, and part town square - capture the Silk Road mystique. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some rivers in central Asia, such as those feeding the Aral Sea, are projected to gradually dry up 7 . (nature.com)
  • Central Asia , Tibet , and Mongolia formed a mixed zone dominated by nomadic pastoralists such as the Buryat Mongols and the Kyrgyz , while the lower plateaus and river valleys were sprinkled with agricultural districts settled by the Tajik s, Uighur s, Uzbek s, and other groups. (britannica.com)
  • By the mid-20th century, the Soviet Union and China had extended their economic and political control over Siberia and Central Asia, the former colonial lands of South Asia had achieved independent statehood, and the component territories of the old Ottoman Empire had been reshaped into the modern countries of Southwest Asia. (britannica.com)
  • In Central Asia, countries are already taking active steps across many sectors, with support from the World Bank. (worldbank.org)
  • Central Asia -- Is Change Imminent? (rferl.org)
  • Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region won't translate into real changes. (rferl.org)
  • And what happens there will affect the rest of Central Asia. (rferl.org)
  • The World Bank Group works with countries in Europe and Central Asia to eliminate poverty and boost shared prosperity through enabling markets, developing productive individuals and building solid foundations for resilience. (worldbank.org)
  • Growth in the emerging market and developing economies of Europe and Central Asia decelerated to 2.2 percent in 2019, reflecting weakness in the region's two largest economies, Turkey and the Russian Federation. (worldbank.org)
  • This note provides an overview of the social and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Central Asia and of the measures being undertaken by governments in the region. (oecd.org)
  • The global COVID-19 pandemic is having a significant negative impact on the economies of Central Asia. (oecd.org)
  • Countries in Central Asia started to report their first COVID-19 cases in mid-March, with the exception of Afghanistan, which reported its first cases late February. (oecd.org)
  • Read about the work of IUCN's Members, Commissions and Regional Office in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. (iucn.org)
  • don't miss two IUCN publications now available in Russian and the opportunity to join our team as SOS Central Asia Officer! (iucn.org)
  • The Caucasus and Central Asia region has been severely impacted by climate change and land degradation. (iucn.org)
  • The United Kingdom and Ireland are serviced by a Liaison officer located in the Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia. (ilo.org)
  • The financial and economic crisis continues to have significant negative impacts on the labour market and social situation in Europe and Central Asia and hit particularly Central and Eastern European and Central Asian countries with high current account deficits and those with low incomes. (ilo.org)
  • Since 1975, the U.S. has resettled over 900,000 refugees from Europe and Central Asia. (state.gov)
  • In FY 2013, the U.S. admitted 650 refugees from 14 countries in Europe and Central Asia, including those under the Lautenberg Amendment in-country processing program. (state.gov)
  • Afghanistan was one of many countries in southern and central Asia suffering through extreme cold and snow in January 2008. (nasa.gov)
  • China's Surveillance State Has Eyes on Central Asia China's Surveillance State Has Eyes on Cen. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • Central Asia is no exception, and its modest population is set to grow from 72 million to 95 million by 2050. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • With Asia's unquestioned position as one of the world's most dynamic life sciences markets, World Vaccine Congress Asia is an invaluable platform for you to profile your offerings and to reach out to a targeted in the vaccine community. (terrapinn.com)
  • Major religions in East Asia include Buddhism (mostly Mahayana ), Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism , Taoism , Ancestral worship , and Chinese folk religion in Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, Buddhism and Shintoism in Japan, and Christianity , Buddhism and Sindoism in Korea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following behind are Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Australia," said Foong King Yew, ICT (infocomm technology) practice program director at Frost & Sullivan Asia-Pacific, during a telephone interview. (zdnet.com)
  • The Hong Kong and Shanghai Baniting Corporation, a major tsntisn bank in Asia, announced it was discussing the purchase of a "significant equity position" in Marine Midland Banks Inc., a Buffalo‐based holding company. (nytimes.com)
  • HONG KONG - As coal burns, wetlands disappear and climate becomes unpredictable, Asia is paying the price for years of economic expansion. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • How this growing sector will achieve this will be explored in a gathering of top Asia-Pacific aviation industry executives in Hong Kong tomorrow. (prweb.com)
  • You can also browse the collection for Asia Minor (Turkey) or search for Asia Minor (Turkey) in all documents . (tufts.edu)
  • Although the suggestion that childhood is basically a modern concept is a useful one, it does not tell us much about the empirical history and cultural systems of children in South Asia , either in a premodern past or for those who are not wholly "modern" in the conventional sense today. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In modern South Asia over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, children have been seen as a problem in several ways. (encyclopedia.com)
  • An RSC in Vienna, Austria conducts processing for Iranian religious minorities (see Fact Sheet for Near East/South Asia for more details. (state.gov)
  • Asia (/ˈeɪʒə, ˈeɪʃə/ ( listen)) is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the nomadic steppes of Kazakhstan to the frenetic streets of Hanoi, Asia is a continent so full of intrigue, adventure, solace and spirituality that it has fixated and confounded travellers for centuries. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • The topic formulation intends to respond to the unique set of circumstances within the Church in Asia as well as to address the actual state of affairs affecting all the peoples and cultures on the Asian continent. (ewtn.com)
  • Asia is fast about becoming the world's showcase and continent-wide, open-air laboratory for robot-driven automation. (prweb.com)
  • In a single generation, Asia has transformed itself from a low-income continent to a middle-income one . (brookings.edu)
  • Newly launched February 6, 2016, Asian Robotics Review has over two decades of global as well as Asia-proven news gathering and editorial experience in robotics and automation technology. (prweb.com)
  • News on Asia Travel continually updated from thousands of sources around the net. (topix.com)
  • Please find below short summaries of the news that will be released in connection with the ESMO Asia 2015 Congress. (eurekalert.org)
  • Their broadband content industries are also much more developed compared to the rest of the Asia-Pacific region, he added. (zdnet.com)
  • But the late arrival of AIDS in Asia turned out to be a medical fluke. (latimes.com)
  • The border between Asia and Europe was historically defined by European academics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instead, many Eurasian states have been eager for U.S. protection against local threats, which is why the United States has been able to lead successful and long-lived alliances in Europe and in Asia. (foreignpolicy.com)
  • A similar pattern prevailed in Southwest Asia, which at that time was inhabited by Iranian, Arab, and Turkic peoples, with a scattering of minority ethnic groups. (britannica.com)
  • Winter settled heavily over Southwest Asia in January 2008. (nasa.gov)
  • and Asia is certainly part of this plan," but it hasn't yet entered any Asia-Pacific markets. (forbes.com)
  • Introduction: Oil and Gas for Asia Mikkal E. Herberg 3 INTRODUCTION u HERBERG A sia has become "ground zero" for growth in global energy and commodity markets. (jhu.edu)
  • Beijing -- An outbreak of African swine fever in China may spread to other parts of Asia, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization warned. (bworldonline.com)
  • The Guttmacher Institute's work in Asia has focused primarily on estimating the incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy, documenting the health consequences of unsafe abortion and the conditions under which it occurs, and assessing the quality of postabortion care and counseling. (guttmacher.org)
  • Asia varies greatly across and within its regions with regard to ethnic groups, cultures, environments, economics, historical ties and government systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major ethnic groups of East Asia include the Han , Yamato , and Koreans . (wikipedia.org)
  • Asia Society takes no institutional position on policy issues and has no affiliation with any government. (asiasociety.org)
  • The project "Consolidation and Enhancement of the Border Liaison Office Mechanism (BLO) in East Asia" aims to increase institutional capacity within the region to combat the trafficking of drugs and chemicals used in the manufacture of illicit drugs (precursors). (unodc.org)
  • The border between Asia and the region of Oceania is usually placed somewhere in the Malay Archipelago. (wikipedia.org)
  • East Asia is the eastern region of Asia , which is defined in both geographical and ethno-cultural terms. (wikipedia.org)
  • For thousands of years, China largely influenced East Asia as it was principally the leading civilization in the region exerting its enormous prestige and influence on its neighbors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Asia is a region with a high burden of deadly infectious diseases, including tuberculosis and avian influenza. (cdc.gov)
  • The rapid change in beer-drinking tastes is particularly stark in the Asia Pacific region, where in 2013 the American Brewers Association reports that shipments of American craft beers jumped by more than 70% compared to the previous year. (cnn.com)
  • The Asia-Pacific region as a whole is experiencing economic growth of around six percent each year. (shell.com)
  • At the same time, vital environmental indicators have unmistakably deteriorated in much of the region," he told China Daily Asia Weekly. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) said the Asia-Pacific region had the largest air-pollution-related burden in 2012, with an estimated 3.3 million deaths linked to indoor air pollution and 2.6 million due to outdoor air pollution. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Last Friday, for example, Asia-Pacific's main equity gauge closed only 5 points below its record-high level reached over the last twelve months. (cnbc.com)
  • Asia has exhibited economic dynamism (particularly East Asia) as well as robust population growth during the 20th century, but overall population growth has since fallen. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 20th century, great changes had taken place in both the ethnic patterns and the associated lifestyles in Asia. (britannica.com)
  • Most of the significant achievements of the modern world had their infancy in Asia. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Whilst we have established that individual batsmen from the subcontinent have thrived in their home arenas, and those from other parts of the world have struggled in Asia, the final area I want to look at is how the regular players for each country performed as a group. (google.com)
  • Your company gets to be the centre of attention in the midst of all the networking action at the World Vaccine Congress Asia! (terrapinn.com)
  • The International Union for Conservation of Nature has warned that wetlands that once covered tens of thousands of kilometers of shorelines are disappearing faster in Asia than anywhere else in the world. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Moreover, according to the 2011 World Energy Outlook by the International Energy Agency, Asia is likely to account for over 85% of the entire increase in demand over the next twenty years-with virtually all demand growth occurring in developing Asia. (jhu.edu)
  • This paper characterizes the capital flows in Asia before and after the Asian currency crisis of 1997. (nber.org)
  • Tokyo -- Asia stocks opened sharply lower on Thursday, joining a global sell-off on concerns over Turkey's financial crisis but later pared losses on. (bworldonline.com)
  • This paper analyzes the macroeconomic adjustment from the crisis in East Asia in a broad international prospective. (nber.org)
  • This paper argues that the sharper adjustment pattern in East Asia is attributed to the severe liquidity crisis that was triggered by investor's panic and then amplified by the weak corporate and bank balance sheet. (nber.org)
  • Because many refugees legally admitted into the United States arrive from Asia, the Asia Field Program supports disease surveillance among US-bound populations and helps prevent the introduction of diseases into the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • This show also brings to light many of the other activities and performances Asia participates in. (wikipedia.org)
  • Premiere performances of an Asia Society commission created by Samita Sinha, Dean Moss, and Cenk Ergün inspired by the myth of the Hindu goddess Sati and the idea of dark matter. (asiasociety.org)
  • The DGMQ Asia Field Program collaborates with other CDC programs, as well as with the US Department of State, the International Organization for Migration, the United Nations Refugee Agency, and nongovernmental organizations. (cdc.gov)