The milkweed plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes many tropical herbs and shrubby climbers; most with milky juice. Flowers have five united petals. Fruits are podlike, usually with tufted seeds.
A plant species of the genus GYMNEMA that contains gymnemic acid (triterpene SAPONINS) which affects blood sugar level, and gurmarin protein. The common name of Gurmar should not be confused with Guar (CYAMOPSIS).
A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. This is the true milkweed; APOCYNUM & EUPHORBIA hirta are rarely called milkweed. Asclepias asthmatica has been changed to TYLOPHORA.
A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. The downy akund floss fiber from the seeds is used like kapok.
Saturated derivatives of the steroid pregnane. The 5-beta series includes PROGESTERONE and related hormones; the 5-alpha series includes forms generally excreted in the urine.
Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)

Effect of culture conditions on the biosynthesis of gagaminine, a potent antioxidant from the roots of Cynanchum wilfordii. (1/18)

Gagaminine, a steroidal alkaloid isolated from the roots of Cynanchum wilfordii, exhibited potent inhibitory effects on the aldehyde oxidase activity and lipid peroxidation. To find a possible means of mass production of this active component, which will be useful for animal tests, we synthesized it by an in vitro culture method using various growth conditions. Calli were induced from the explants of this medicinal plant and cultivated under culture conditions which varied in light, and the kinds and concentration of plant growth regulators. The production of gagaminine was found to be significantly higher in the dark than in the light. The best gagaminine content (0.960%) was obtained after cultivation of stems on the medium containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D, 2.0 mg/l) only. However, gagaminine was not detected by the mixture of 2,4-D and kinetin, while the mixtures of 2,4-D/zeatin and 2,4-D/6-benzylaminopurine produced a low content of gagaminine (<0.4%). In addition, suspension medium was much better for the formation of gagaminine than solid medium with an increase from 0.960 to 2.227% yield. These results suggest that gagaminine can be produced massively by in vitro culture using stems under the conditions of dark and 2,4-D on liquid medium.  (+info)

New pregnane glycosides from Cynanchum ascyrifolium. (2/18)

Two new pregnane glycosides, cynascyrosides D and E, were isolated from the roots of Cynanchum ascyrifolium. The structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical evidence as cynajapogenin A 3-O-alpha-L-cymaropyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-digitoxopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-L-cymar opyranoside and cynajapogenin A 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-diginopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-L-cymaropy ranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-digitoxopyranoside.  (+info)

The effect of Gongronema latifolium extracts on serum lipid profile and oxidative stress in hepatocytes of diabetic rats. (3/18)

Diabetes is known to involve oxidative stress and changes in lipid metabolism. Many secondary plant metabolites have been shown to possess antioxidant activities, improving the effects of oxidative stress on diabetes. This study evaluated the effects of extracts from Gongronema latifolium leaves on antioxidant enzymes and lipid profile in a rat model of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). The results confirmed that the untreated diabetic rats were subjected to oxidative stress as indicated by significantly abnormal activities of their scavenging enzymes (low superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxide activities), compared to treated diabetic rats, and in the extent of lipid peroxidation (high malondialdehyde levels) present in the hepatocytes. The ethanolic extract of G. latifolium leaves possessed antioxidant activity as shown by increased superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities and decreases in malondialdehyde levels. High levels of triglycerides and total cholesterol, which are typical of the diabetic condition, were also found in our rat models of diabetes. The ethanolic extract also significantly decreased triglyceride levels and normalized total cholesterol concentration.  (+info)

New triterpenoid saponins from Stelmatocrypton khasianum. (4/18)

Four new triterpenoid saponins, designated as stelmatotriterpenosides E-H (1-4), together with three known compounds, asterbatanoside B (5), 2alpha,3beta,19alpha,23-tetrahydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic acid-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (6) and 2alpha,3beta,19alpha,23-tetrahydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (7), were isolated from the stems of Stelmatocrypton khasianum. On the basis of chemical and spectral evidence, the structures of 1-4 were established as 2alpha,3beta,23-trihydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic acid-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyr anosyl ester (1), 2alpha,3beta,23-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-glucopyr anosyl ester (2), 2alpha,3beta,19alpha-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyr anosyl ester (3), and 2beta,3beta,19alpha-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-24,28-dioic acid-24-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl diester (4).  (+info)

Acylated-oxypregnane glycosides from the roots of Araujia sericifera. (5/18)

Twenty-three new acylated-oxypregnane glycosides were obtained from the roots of Araujia sericifera. (Asclepiadaceae). These glycosides were confirmed to be tetraglycosides possessing twelve known compounds, 12-O-benzoyllineolon, 12-O-benzoyldeacylmetaplexigenin, ikemagenin, kidjolanin, cynanchogenin, caudatin, rostratamine, penupogenin, 12-O-benzoylisolineolon, 12-O-tigloyldecylmetaplexigenin (incisagenin), 12-O-benzoyl-20-O-acetylsarcostin, 20-O-benzoyl-12-O-(E)-cinnamoyl-3 beta,5 alpha,8 beta,12 beta,14 beta,17 beta,20-heptahydroxy-(20S)-pregn-6-ene and ten new acylated-oxypregnanes, 12-O-benzoyl-20S-hydroxyisolineolon, 12-O-tigloyllineolon, 12-O-salicyloyllineolon, 12-O-salicyloyldeacylmetplexigenin, 12-O-benzoyl-3 beta,5 alpha,8 beta,12 beta,14 beta,17 beta-hexahydroxypregn-6-en-20-one, 12-O-benzoyl-19-benzoyloxydeacylmetapleligenin, 12-O-benzoyl-19-benzoyloxy-20-O-acetylsarcostin, 12-O-benzoyl-19-salicyloyloxy-20-O-acetylsarcostin, 12-O-benzoyl-5 alpha,6 alpha-epoxydeacylmetaplexigenin, and 12-O-benzoyl-5 alpha,6 alpha-epoxylineolon as their aglycones, using both spectroscopic and chemical methods.  (+info)

Antiproliferative activity of cardenolides isolated from Streptocaulon juventas. (6/18)

Sixteen cardenolides, two hemiterpenoids, two phenylpropanoids and a phenylethanoid isolated from the roots of Streptocaulon juventas (LOUR.) MERR. were examined for their antiproliferative activity toward three human-derived (HT-1080 fibrosarcoma, lung A549 adenocarcinoma, cervix HeLa adenocarcinoma) and three murine-derived (colon 26-L5 carcinoma, Lewis lung carcinoma, B16-BL6 melanoma) cell lines. The cardenolides selectively and strongly inhibited proliferation of the HT-1080 (IC(50) values, 0.054-1.6 microM) and A549 (IC(50), 0.016-0.65 microM) cell lines. The characteristic morphological changes and ladder-like DNA fragmentation in those cells treated with the cardenolides indicated the antiproliferative activity was due to the induction of apoptosis.  (+info)

Variation in the mating system of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria (Asclepiadaceae) in peripherial island populations. (7/18)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Self-fertility may be selected for in small and isolated plant populations of normally outcrossing species. In addition, adaptations for self-fertility are likely to arise in island populations and in populations that are located at the border of the species range. The mating system of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria (Asclepiadaceae) is examined in island populations that are located at the northern border of the species range. METHODS: Pollination experiments were conducted under glasshouse conditions with plants from four populations. KEY RESULTS: The frequencies of self-fertile individuals were relatively high and did not differ among populations. Cross-pollination resulted in higher fruit set than self-pollination. However, fruit-set from self-pollination and cross-pollination did not differ in the self-fertile individuals. Interestingly, the proportion of aborted fruits was on average higher following cross-pollination than following self-pollination. No differences were observed in seed number or seed mass between self- and cross-pollinated fruits. Pollen tube growth following self- and cross-pollinations was indistinguishable. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study revealed that V. hirundinaria possess a mixed-mating system in the studied island populations. Evidence was also provided for a late-acting self-incompatibility system commonly observed in Asclepiadaceae. No clear signs of inbreeding depression were observed in the early stages of development.  (+info)

Triterpenoids from swallow roots--a convenient HPLC method for separation. (8/18)

A convenient semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for separating a mixture of triterpenoids (alpha-amyrin, beta-amyrin, and lupeol) and their corresponding acetates from the swallow roots (Decalepis hamiltonii Wight and Arn), which are known to have potential bioactive properties, is described. The swallow roots are found to be one of the richest natural sources for these compounds. The hexane extract of the dried spent root on column chromatography yields mixtures (i.e., triterpenoids and their acetates) containing at least three compounds in each. These could not be further separated using the routine chromatographic techniques, such as classical column chromatography and preparative thin-layer chromatography using various solvent systems. Therefore, the optimal conditions are determined on reversed-phase HPLC for their separation and are characterized using spectral data, particularly by nuclear magnetic resonance with physical and chemical properties.  (+info)

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of methanol extract of Gongronema latifolium (utazi) on Wistar Albino Rats. A total of sixteen (16) Wistar albino rats were used for the study and divided into four (4) groups of four (4) rats each. The normal control was administered normal saline while the negative control was administered pyrogallol in order to suppress the immune system. The treated rats were administered 200 mg/kg body weight and 400 mg/kg body weight of the plant extract and 2% pyrogallol to represent the low and high doses respectively. These administrations lasted 21 days after which blood was drawn through ocular puncture and serum collected for the assay. The immunomodulatory activity was evaluated on haematological indices (packed cell volume, haemoglobin and total white blood cell count), haemaglutination titre (primary and secondary humoral antibody) and the delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH). No significant (p0.05) differences were observed ...
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Looking for Asclepiadaceae? Find out information about Asclepiadaceae. A family of tropical and subtropical flowering plants in the order Gentianales characterized by a well-developed latex system; milkweed is a well-known... Explanation of Asclepiadaceae
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Corresponding author: [email protected], [email protected] ABSTRACT. Caralluma edulis (Edgew.) Benth. ex Hk.f. (Asclepiadaceae) is traditionally used for the management of rheumatism. The current study aimed to assess the anti-inflammatory effect of Caralluma edulis, to explain its medicinal use in inflammatory ailments. Caralluma edulis crude extract (Ce.Cr) was investigated in acute (carrageenan and xylene mediated) and chronic (formalin evoked) models of inflammation in mice. Ce.Cr which shows the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, phenols, terpenes and tannins caused dose-dependent (100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg) reduction of the carrageenan, xylene and formalin-induced inflammation (P , 0.05, P , 0.001 vs. saline group). At the lower dose of 30 mg/kg it was effective in inhibiting the xylene mediated ear edema. No mortality observed with Ce.Cr upto 5 g/kg. This study reveals that Caralluma edulis possess therapeutic ability to reduce inflammation, hence ...
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Anaheim, CA-Research published in the Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism indicates a branded Caralluma fimbriata extract may be beneficial for those looking to lose weight. This extract from a plant widely consumed in India is said to offer satiety and metabolic benefits.. In the small animal study, mice were either untreated, given a high-fat diet or given the same diet plus the extract (Slimaluma from Gencor Nutrients, based here) for three months. Feeding behavior and body weight were monitored. Overall, those in the high-fat diet group ate significantly more than the others, while the extract group ate the least. By the end of the experiment, all groups gain some weight. The high-fat group gained the most, while the untreated and the extract-plus-diet group gained about the same amount of weight (which was significantly less than the high-fat group). The group also felt that the extract reduced the effects of other factors associated with obesity and that 50 mg/day of C. fimbriata was the ...
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Plantes (hors orchidées),Apocynaceae,Vincetoxicum N.M. Wolf, 1776,, Observatoire du Patrimoine Naturel du Gard, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Several species of the stem succulent Caralluma (Apocynaceae) are abundant perennials in arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula. These arid regions have a short wet season with erratic rainfall and are characterized by harsh climatic conditions of high temp...
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Description from Flora of China. Alexitoxicon Saint-Lager; Antitoxicon Pobedimova; Cyathella Decaisne; Cynoctonum E. H. F. Meyer; Pycnostelma Bunge ex Decaisne; Rhodostegiella C. Y. Wu & D. Z. Li; Seutera H. G. L. Reichenbach; Symphyoglossum Turczaninow; Vincetoxicum N. M. Wolf.. Subshrubs or perennial herbs, erect or twining, often rhizomatous. Roots fibrous, woody or fleshy. Leaves opposite, rarely whorled, often petiolate, axils sometimes with small stipulelike leaves. Inflorescences extra-axillary or occasionally terminal, rarely axillary, umbel-like, corymbose, or racemelike. Sepals erect, often with basal glands. Corolla rotate or subrotate; tube short; lobes patent or reflexed, overlapping to right or left, rarely subvalvate. Corona inserted at base of gynostegium, membranous or fleshy, cupular, cylindric, or deeply 5-divided, sometimes with adaxial appendages. Filaments connate into tube, anthers with membranous apical appendages; pollinia 2 per pollinarium, pendulous. Stigma head convex ...
The chromosome number and karyotype of Cynanchum bungei Decne was studied with the conventional plant root tip squashing method.The results showed that the somatic chromosome number of Cynanchum bungei Decne was 2n=44,and ten pairs belonged to metacentric type,9 pairs were submetacentric type and 3 pairs belonged to subtelocentric type.The karyotype formula of Cynanchum bungei Decne was K(2n)=44=20m+18sm +6st.The average length of twenty-two pairs chromosomes was 1.73 μm,which belonged to the small-sized ones.The length ratio of the longest to the shortest was 1.86,and the chromosomes of which arm ratio beyond 2∶1 was 10,which took up 45% in all chromosomes.So its karyotype was 2A type.
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Common Names wild-oats, northern sea oats, inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, river oats, flathead oats, upland oats, broadleaf uniola, and probably a few more Family Poaceae Habitat moist soils in woods Observed Blooming mid to late July, 2017 late June, 2016 early June, 2015 early July, 2014 late July, 2013 (seedheads last all summer)…
One of the best plants for flowering indoors, the Hoya carnossa Exotica also makes a room pop with its signature green, white, and pink leaves. Hoya carnosa HOY-ah kar-NO-suh Common Names: Wax Plant, Porcelain Flower Family: Asclepiadaceae Origin: Eastern Asia, Australia Growth: Trailing / cl
The Scottish botanist Robert Brown made an observation of a cell nucleus in 1831, he noted the central body in the cells of the orchids of genuses Orchidaceae and Asclepiadaceae. He even called this structure the nucleus of the cell. Continue reading →. ...
Kloppenburg D. 1993 Hoya sections: a complete study with modifications and additions. Fresno, Calif.: Dale Kloppenburg 51p. - illus.. En Icones, Anatomy and morphology, Keys Geog=0 Systematics: ANGIOSPERMAE (ASCLEPIADACEAE: HOYA ...
Oral route Key study (OECD 408, Read-across) The objective of the study was to obtain information on the possible health hazards likely to arise from repeated exposure with tert. butylperoxy-3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate, a structure analogue of the substance to be registered, at three dose levels over a prolonged period of time (90 days) followed by a 28-day recovery period in order to assess reversibility, persistence or delayed occurrence of potential toxicological effects. The test item was administered orally (by gavage) to Hsd.Brl.Han: Wistar rats (n=15 animals/sex in the control and high dose groups, n= 10 animals/sex in the low and middle dose groups) once a day at 0 (vehicle control), 160, 40 and 10 mg/kg bw/day doses corresponding to concentrations of 0, 32, 8 and 2 mg/mL, applied in a dose volume of 5 mL/kg bw for 90 days. 5 animals/ sex in the control and high dose groups were observed without administration for four weeks (recovery observations). A sufficient stability of tert. ...
After splitting of the glucoside with luizyme, it was possible to isolate (Delta 5-pregnenol-(3 beta)-one-(20) and 5 alpha-pregnanol-(3 beta)-one-(20), and also beta-sitosterol, from a methanolic uzara-root extract. (Author)*Glycosides
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Metabolic Rewire Support with NDC 62902-0003 is a a human over the counter drug product labeled by Intentional Nourishment. The generic name of Metabolic Rewire Support is asclepias vincetoxicum, echinacea (angustifolia), hypothalamus (suis), hepar suis, kidney (suis), methylcobalamin, gambogia, graphites, nux vomica, phytolacca decandra, 7-keto (3-acetyl-7-oxo-dehydroepiandrosterone), adenosinum triphosphoricum dinatrum, glucagon, insulinum (suis), sarcolacticum acidum, proteus (vulgaris).
Phytochemical investigation of the above-ground biomass of Asclepias sullivantii L. (Asclepiadaceae) afforded six new pregnane glycosides, named sullivantosides A-F (1-6). The structures of 1-6 were elucidated through a variety of spectroscopic and spectrometric techniques (1D and 2D NMR; HRESIMS). To the best of our knowledge, this work represents the first phytochemical study of this species ...
Define Apocynaceae. Apocynaceae synonyms, Apocynaceae pronunciation, Apocynaceae translation, English dictionary definition of Apocynaceae. Noun 1. Apocynaceae - chiefly tropical trees or shrubs or herbs having milky juice and often showy flowers; many are sources of drugs dogbane family, family...
Lirio, Crinum latifolium: pink striped trumpet lily Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medical research studies.
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Leaves are up to 12 inches long, and are somewhat spoon-shaped, medium to dark-green. Stems are wiry and branch quite a bit. Tiny deep violet flowers grow
Milkweed is a member of the Asclepiadaceae family. There are over 100 species of milkweed mainly found in North America and Southern Africa. Some grow like a shrub and some can get up to 12 feet tall while others are straight-stemmed perennials. The leaves vary per species, some are smooth while others have a wooly texture and some are broad while others are more threadlike. The leaf location on the stem also varies per species. Some will be opposite, some in whorls and some alternate. There are even some desert varieties that have few, if any, leaves at all. The flowers are rather showy and borne in clusters referred to as cymes. They are generally found at the end of the stem or in the leaf axils depending on the type. At the top of each flower are a bunch of pockets or pouches-each full of nectar. This attracts a number of insects who alight on the flower and let their legs dip down into the grooves catching a mass of pollen. The insects then fly off to another flower and another, thus ...
Define asclepiadaceous. asclepiadaceous synonyms, asclepiadaceous pronunciation, asclepiadaceous translation, English dictionary definition of asclepiadaceous. adj of, relating to, or belonging to the Asclepiadaceae , a family of mostly tropical and subtropical flowering plants, including the milkweed and...
Literature References: Dried root of Asclepias tuberosa L., Asclepiadaceae. Habit. Ontario to Minnesota. Constit. Asclepiadin, resins, volatile oil. ...
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It has been reported that fetal exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) causes defects in the male reproductive system of the rat. We set out to replicate and extend these effects using a robust experimental design. Groups of 75 (control vehicle) or 55 (50, 200 or 1000 ng of TCDD kg-1 bodyweight) female Wistar(Han) rats were exposed to TCDD on Gestational Day (GD) 15, then allowed to litter. The high dose group dams showed no sustained weight loss compared to control, but four animals had total litter loss. Pups in the high dose group showed reduced body weight up till day 21, and pups in the medium dose group showed reduced body weight in the first week post partum. Balano-preputial separation (BPS) was significantly delayed in the high dose group male offspring. There were no significant effects of treatment when the offspring were subjected to a functional observational battery, or mated with females to assess reproductive capability. 25 males per group were killed on post ...
Across studies that measured herbivore resistance, the negative effects of domestication were, as predicted, largest when resistance was assessed as plant herbivory or when it was measured in seeds (figure 2a). The stronger effects on plant herbivory relative to herbivore preference and performance were not surprising considering that both herbivore preference and herbivore performance were affected individually, and plant herbivory levels result from the combined effects of these two components of resistance. In addition, while measurements of herbivore preference and performance were almost always collected in laboratory or greenhouse settings, measurements of plant herbivory were often collected in the field, where plant damage provided an integrated estimate of the preference and performance of multiple herbivores simultaneously. The stronger effects of domestication on resistance in seeds relative to leaves also fit our predictions, which were primarily based on the idea that ...
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There is no single best diet for dogs with diabetes. Most diabetic dogs do fine on a diet formulated for adult maintenance. And most do not require a high-fiber prescription diet. However, it is important to maintain consistent carbohydrate levels, and a diet moderately low in fat may be safest. The nutritional needs of any concurrent disease should take precedence.Dogs with diabetes can thrive on diets that are dry or canned, prescription, frozen raw, home-prepared (cooked or raw), and combinations of any of these. See the samples below (starting with Prescription Diets) for a variety of diets that have worked well for diabetic dogs and their caregivers. Well say it again: There is no single best diet for dogs with diabetes. Most diabetic dogs do fine on a diet formulated for adult maintenance. And most do not require a high-fiber prescription diet ...
The crystal energy landscapes of two model pharmaceutically active chloride salts were used to rationalize the different hydration behaviour of the salts on the basis of the packing of the ions and calculated solvent-accessible volumes in the low-energy structures. The crystal structure of 1-(methylamino)adamantane was characterized and correctly predicted under blind test conditions as the second ranked structure in lattice energy, but the failure to predict the Z′ = 3 structure for the corresponding hydrochloride salt of this relatively simple base illustrates the limits of blind crystal structure prediction ...
if you have been diagnosed with conduction disturbances or if you are on intravenous (injection administered directly into the blood stream) calcium therapy due to the presence of cardiac glycosides contained within the uzara root. Side-effects are not expected due to the low absorption of the uzara glycosides from the stomach into the blood; however, special precautions should be taken. Speak to your healthcare professional before taking UZAPLEX. ...
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Means are based on 17-25 animals Pregnancy performance: Lower pregnancy frequencies in low and high dose groups compared to control and mid dose groups. These findings are considered incidental as events leading to the establishment of pregnancy should have occurred prior to commencement of treatment. No indications of an effect of treatment in the frequency of embryo-foetal deaths or on foetal weight. Foetal abnormalities and variants: The incidence of major abnormalities did not indicate an effect of treatment. All abnormalities seen at the high dose have been seen previously in the test laboratory. The incidence of minor visceral abnormalities was similar in all groups. The incidence of skeletal abnormalities and variants, including the ossification parameters, other than mentioned in the section ¿Details on embryonic and teratogenic effects¿, were essentially similar in all groups. ...
Eating too much food makes a dog fat! Its as simple as that. And this overeating is the main reason for obesity and diabetes in dogs in many countries. Obesity basically means the dogs body has too much fat for him to utilize. This extra fat...
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Asclepiadaceae neotropicales nuevas o poco conocidas. Acta Botanica Venezuelica 20(2): 11-23. Serrano, M. & J. Terán. 1998 [ ... Asclepiadaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 37(4): 477-560 The Plant List, genus Philibertia. ...
Asclepiadaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 37(4): 477-560 The Plant List, genus Pentacyphus v t e. ... Asclepiadaceae andinas nuevas o interesantes. Acta Botanica Venezuelica 16(2/4): 55-71. Holm, R. W. 1950. The American species ... nov., y otras novedades o aportaciones en Asclepiadaceae andinas. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 52(1): 33-41 Morillo, G ...
Asclepiadaceae. 13(8): 116-175. In A. L. Cabrera (ed.) Flora de la Provincia de Jujuy: Republica Argentina. Instituto Nacional ...
Asclepiadaceae. Cat. Pl. Madag., Asclep. 1(9): 5-24. Catalogue des Plantes de Madagascar, Asclepiadeae. The Plant List, genus ... Recircumscription of the Stapelieae (Asclepiadaceae). Taxon 40(3): 381-391 Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K ...
Asclepiadaceae. 13(8): 116-175. In A. L. Cabrera (ed.) Flora de la provincia de Jujuy . Instituto Nacional de Tecnología ...
Asclepiadaceae. 13(8): 116-175. In A. L. Cabrera (ed.) Flora de la provincia de Jujuy. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología ... Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae, Bignoniaceae, Campanulaceae in A. Cabrera. 4(5): 6-12; 298-302. In A. L. Cabrera (ed.) Flora de ...
Asclepiadaceae. Catalogue des Plantes de Madagascar, Asclepiadaceae 1(9): 5-24. Choux, P. 1926. Le genre Secamone a Madagascar ... Asclepiadaceae) in the Madagascar Region. Opera Botanica 112: 1-127. Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. ...
Asclepiadaceae. Catalogue des Plantes de Madagascar, Asclepiadaceae 1(9): 5-24. The Plant List. ...
Asclepiadaceae). Taxon 59(2): 646-647. Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 63. ... 1929-1930) Proposals to conserve Macbridea Elliott (Lamiaceae) and Seutera (Asclepiadaceae) against Macbridea Raf. ( ...
"Asclepiadaceae: Huernia". succulent-plant.com. Retrieved 2019-08-13. Justus van Heurne P. Bruyns, C. Klak, P. Hanacek: ...
Asclepiadaceae. 5: 103-147. In A. E. Burkart (ed.) Flora Ilustrada de Entre Ríos (Argentina). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología ... Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae, Bignoniaceae, Campanulaceae in A. Cabrera. 4(5): 6-12; 298-302. In A. L. Cabrera (ed.) Flora de ...
Asclepiadaceae. 5: 103-147. In A. E. Burkart (ed.) Flora Ilustrada de Entre Ríos (Argentina). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología ... Revisión taxonómica del género Tweedia (Asclepiadaceae). Parodiana 5(2): 382. Liede-Schumann, Sigrid; Meve, Ulrich (2006). "The ... Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaceae, Bignoniaceae, Campanulaceae in A. Cabrera. 4(5): 6-12; 298-302. In A. L. Cabrera (ed.) Flora de ...
70-73 Vladimir V. Kircsfalusy; Miller, Gavin C. (2008). "Invasion and distribution of Cynanchum rossicum (Asclepiadaceae) in ... Liede, S. (1996). "Cynanchum - Rhodostegiella - Vincetoxicum - Tylophora (Asclepiadaceae): new considerations on an old problem ... Asclepiadaceae, Flora Europaea. Volume 3: Diapensiaceae to Myoporaceae, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. ...
Asclepiadaceae, Milkweed Family. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 27:169-187. "Asclepias viridiflora". Native ...
Asclepiadaceae, Milkweed Family. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 27:169-187. Altervista Flora of USA and ...
Asclepiadaceae (milkweed plants) . Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-8001-3982-0 , p 150 "Hoya carnosa - Wax Plant, ... Asclepiadaceae". Plant of The Week. University of Oklahoma Department of Microbiology & Plant Biology. May 1999. Archived from ...
Asclepiadaceae, Milkweed Family. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 27:169-187. Shinners, L.H. Sida 1(6): 365. ...
Asclepiadaceae: Tylophora cordata (Thunb.) Fourc. Asphodelaceae: Bulbine altissima (Mill.) Fourc. Asteraceae: Aster corymbosus ...
"Studies in the Asclepiadaceae-VIII. A New Species of Asclepias from Kansas and Two Possible Hybrids from New York." Bulletin of ... "Studies in the Asclepiadaceae.-II." Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, vol. 25, no. 1, 1898, pp. 30-39. Vail, Anna Murray ... "Studies in the Asclepiadaceae-VI. Notes on the Genus Rouliniella." Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, vol. 29, no. 12, 1902 ... "Studies in the Asclepiadaceae-VII. A New Species of Vincetoxicum from Alabama." Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, vol. 30 ...
461 1810 : Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE". Llifle.com. Retrieved 2017-07-20. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) v t e. ...
Asclepiadaceae: Marsdenieae) in Australia". Australian Systematic Botany. 5 (1): 29-51. doi:10.1071/SB9920029. Endress and ... It was placed in the Asclepiadaceae, which has now been sunk into Apocynaceae. Species Tylophora anomala Tylophora ...
Asclepiadaceae: Marsdenieae) in Australia". Australian Systematic Botany. 5 (1): 29-51. doi:10.1071/SB9920029. Fairley, Alan; ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Woodson, Robert E. (1941). "The North American Asclepiadaceae. I. Perspective of the ...
against Stephanotis Thouars (Asclepiadaceae). Taxon 39 ( 2): 364-367 (1991) A taxonomic revision of Cynanchum L. ( ... Asclepiadaceae: Periplocoideae) in Australia. Australian systematic botany 4 (1992) A taxonomic revision of Alstonia ( ... Paul I Forster; Geoff Martin (December 1990). "Host records (family Asclepiadaceae) and distribution of 'Tirumala hamata hamata ... sanae' (Bailey) K. Hill (Asclepiadaceae) as a host plant for 'Margaronia microta' Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Pyralipae)". Australian ...
Asclepiadaceae) Funastrum fendleri Schltr. (Asteraceae) Heteropleura fendleri (Sch.Bip.) Rydb. (Blechnaceae) Spicanta fendleri ...
Woodson, Robert E. (1941). "The North American Asclepiadaceae. I. Perspective of the Genera". Annals of the Missouri Botanical ...
Fragmenta Phytographiæ Australiæ 1: 128 in Latin Karen Wilson (23 December 1980). "The genus Rhyncharrhena (Asclepiadaceae)". ...
Notes on African Asclepiadaceae, VI. Kew Bulletin 10: 265-292. Flora of Pakistan, genus Pentatropis The Plant List, genus ...
Asclepiadaceae andinas nuevas o interesantes. Acta Botanica Venezuelica 16(2/4): 55-71. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds ...
Asclepiadaceae) Oxystelma gilliesii K.Schum. (Asteraceae) Taraxacum gilliessi Hook. & Arn. (Blechnaceae) Orthogramma gilliesii ...
This is a list of diseases of foliage plants belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae. Common Names of Diseases, The American ...
Climbing plants, like the poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans), Boston ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata), and trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans), develop holdfast roots which help to support the vines on trees, walls, and rocks. By forcing their way into minute pores and crevices, they hold the plant firmly in place. Usually the Holdfast roots die at the end of the first season, but in some species they are perennial. In the tropics some of the large climbing plants have hold-fast roots by which they attach themselves, and long, cord-like roots that extend downward through the air and may lengthen and branch for several years until they strike the soil and become absorbent roots ...
Family: Apocynaceae (Formerly:Asclepiadaceae). Subfamily: Periplocoideae. Rubber vine, Purple Allamanda. Origin: Madagascar. ... Family: Apocynaceae (Formerly:Asclepiadaceae). Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae. Ceropegia. Origin: South Africa. We have this item ... Family: Apocynaceae (Formerly:Asclepiadaceae). Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae. Kadul, Button Orchid. Origin: Malaya, Australia. ... Family: Apocynaceae (Formerly:Asclepiadaceae). Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae. Rosary Vine. Origin: Southeastern Africa. This plant ...
The Timing of Insect/Plant Diversification: Might Tetraopes (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae) Have Co- ... "The Timing of Insect/Plant Diversification: Might Tetraopes (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae) Have Co- ...
... are concerned because of their rich C21 Steroidal Glycosides.The study on C21 Steroidal Glycosides of Asclepiadaceae plants and ... C21 Steroidal Glycosides shows various biological activities and pharmacological effects.Plants of Asclepiadaceae(Royle ex ... Research progress on C21 Steroidal Glycosides from Asclepiadaceae. Tao Xu-fen,Xu Jia-li,Zhang Ru-song Zhejiang Chinese Medical ... C21 Steroidal Glycosides shows various biological activities and pharmacological effects.Plants of Asclepiadaceae(Royle ex ...
Find out information about Asclepiadaceae. A family of tropical and subtropical flowering plants in the order Gentianales ... characterized by a well-developed latex system; milkweed is a well-known... Explanation of Asclepiadaceae ... Related to Asclepiadaceae: Asclepias curassavica Asclepiadaceae. [ə‚sklēp·ē·ə′dās·ē‚ē] (botany) A family of tropical and ... Asclepiadaceae , Article about Asclepiadaceae by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Asclepiadaceae ...
2.19.2 Family : Asclepiadaceae. *2.19.3 Family : Gentianaceae. *2.20 Order : Geraniales *2.20.1 Family : Geraniaceae ...
Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed Family). USDA Symbol: ASOE. Image Information. Photographer: Richardson, Charmaine. City: Cedar Valley ...
Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed Family). USDA Symbol: ASAS. Image Information. Photographer: Lytle, Melody. County: Travis. State: TX ...
ASCLEPIADACEAE MILKWEED FAMILY. Carol A. Hoffman. Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine; sap milky. Leaves simple, generally ...
Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Asclepiadaceae. Series: Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants ...
Asclepiadaceae having information on recent research studies ...
Stapelia schinzii v.bergeriana CUTTING Asclepiadaceae Succulent Cactus. $4.00. $4.00 shipping. 17 watching ...
Asclepiadaceae) in Bangka Island: Characteristics of Vegetation and Abiotic Environmental Factors Affecting Abundance ...
ASCLEPIADACEAE. * Caralluma burchardii N. E. Brown. * Ceropegia chrysantha Svent.. BORAGINACEAE. * Echium candicans L. fil. ...
It is its caterpillar that accumulates these active substances, feeding directly from Asclepiadaceae as well as Apocynaceae. It ...
Asclepiadaceae. Gongronema latifolium. diabetes, high blood pressure. L, SB. [52]. Asteraceae. Tridax procumbens. inflammatory ... 2. Acanthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Araceae, Asclepiadaceae, Asteraceae and Burseraceae. ... Asclepiadaceae) has been reported to stop motility of T. congolense after about 10 min of in vitro treatment using 400 mg/kg of ...
... ... Allelopathic effect of glossonema edule (asclepiadaceae) on associated flowering plants and rhizosphere fungi in qatar.pdf ( ... Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine whether there were allelopathic effects of Glossonema edule (Asclepiadaceae ...
Asclepiadaceae neotropicales nuevas o poco conocidas. Acta Botanica Venezuelica 20(2): 11-23. Serrano, M. & J. Terán. 1998 [ ... Asclepiadaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 37(4): 477-560 The Plant List, genus Philibertia. ...
Asclepias, Asclepiadaceae. Asio, Birds. Asplenium, Aspleniaceae. Aster, Asteraceae. Bagisara, Butterflies and Moths. ... Asclepiadaceae (Milkweeds). Purple Milkweed Asclepias purpurascens E. Linear leaved Milkweed Asclepias verticillata T ... Milkweed, Asclepiadaceae. Millet, Poaceae. Mimulus, Scrophulariaceae. Minnow, Fish. Minuartia, Caryophyllaceae. Mistletoe, ...
Natural Compounds: Plant Sources, Structure and Properties details the properties of over 7,500 chemical compounds of pharmacological interest found in plants. Each volume systematically covers occu
Asclepiadaceae, family Asclepiadaceae, milkweed family - widely distributed family of herbs and shrubs of the order Gentianales ... Asclepiadaceae); and Symplocos (Symplocaceae) (Arora & Gupta 1979).. First report of Cotesia Dictyoplocae (Hymenoptera: ...
Asclepiadaceae - Milkweed family Genus. Matelea Aubl. - milkvine Species. Matelea obliqua (Jacq.) Woodson - climbing milkvine ...
Asclepiadaceae - Milkweed family Genus. Asclepias L. - milkweed Species. Asclepias physocarpa (E. Mey.) Schltr. - balloonplant ...
Asclepiadaceae).. Bui XH, Dang PH, Vo TT, Nguyen NYT, Nguyen MD, Tran QL. ...
Asclepiadaceae. - Milkweed Family 19.. Dichondraceae. - Dichondra Family 20.. Convolvulaceae. - Morning-Glory Family ...
Family: Asclepiadaceae. Non-Toxicity: Non-Toxic to Dogs, Non-Toxic to Cats, Non-Toxic to Horses ...
Fournier E. P. N. 1885: Asclepiadaceae. - Pp. 189-332, tabs. 50-98 in: Martius C. F. P. & Eichler A. W. (ed.), Flora ... Fontella-Pereira J. 1965: Contribuição ao estudo das Asclepiadaceae brasileiras, II. - Sellowia 17: 61-76. Google Scholar ...
  • The Timing of Insect/Plant Diversification: Might Tetraopes (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae) Have Co-Evolved? (harvard.edu)
  • Poaceae Clark Makino Floyd Asclepias viridis Walter (SE) Asclepiadaceae Clark Azolla caroliniana Willd. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Asclepias tuberosa Asclepiadaceae Names: Butterfly Weed. (healthy.net)
  • The Asclepiadaceae , as traditionally defined, have repeatedly been shown to be an apomorphic derivative of the Apocynaceae. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Es wurde wiederholt festgestellt, dass die Asclepiadaceae in der traditionellen Umgrenzung ein apomorphes Derivat der Apocynaceae sind. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Here we again assess the relationship between the Apocynaceae and the Asclepiadaceae , and we present our arguments for the recognition of a single family. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Thevetia peruviana) ( Apocynaceae ), es una especie arborea ornamental originaria de Mexico (Juarez-Jaimes, Alvarado-Cardenas, & Villasenor, 2007), ampliamente utilizada en arbolado urbano, parques y areas verdes, que con frecuencia sufre defoliaciones producidas por Palpita flegia (Cramer, 1777) (Lepidoptera, Crambidae). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Currently, the genus Cryptostegia belongs to the family Apocynaceae, but previously was classified within Asclepiadaceae. (cabi.org)
  • Akund floss , also called calotropis floss, ak, madar , or mader , downy seed fibre obtained from Calotropis procera and C. gigantea , milkweed plants of the Apocynaceae family (formerly in Asclepiadaceae ). (britannica.com)
  • Robert Brown ( Brown, 1810 , 1811 ) separated the Asclepiadeae (Asclepiadaceae) from the Apocineae (Apocynaceae) of Antoine-Laurent de (1789) . (scialert.net)
  • The milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae) comprises some 200 genera and 2500 species of perennial shrubs, herbs and vines distributed throughout the tropics and extending to temperate areas of the world. (springer.com)
  • Morphological and molecular phylogenetic studies showed Cynanchum matsumurae(Asclepiadaceae), an endemic species of the central Ryukyus, belongs to the genus Tylophora. (nii.ac.jp)
  • This is a list of diseases of foliage plants belonging to the family Asclepiadaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • C21 Steroidal Glycosides shows various biological activities and pharmacological effects.Plants of Asclepiadaceae(Royle ex Wight) are concerned because of their rich C21 Steroidal Glycosides.The study on C21 Steroidal Glycosides of Asclepiadaceae plants and their pharmacological actions in recent years was reviewed. (cnki.com.cn)
  • Plants of the family Asclepiadaceae are characterized by the presence of a milky juice (often poisonous) and intraxylary phloem (bast). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Laboratory study on larvicidal properties of leaf extract of Calotropis procera (Family-Asclepiadaceae) against mosquito larvae. (bvsalud.org)
  • Therefore, testing of the previously isolated pregnane glycosides from other plant species of the family Asclepiadaceae is required with significance focus on pregnane aglycones which will be a subject of our further study. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine whether there were allelopathic effects of Glossonema edule (Asclepiadaceae) on six associated flowering plant species and three soil fungi. (edu.qa)
  • Monarch larvae, like those of many other Danaini, feed on milkweeds of the family Asclepiadaceae, from which they sequester cardiac glycosides that often render them unpalatable to potential predators. (eol.org)
  • Asclepiadaceae) against Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) Japanese encephalitis vector mosquito in India / Toxicidade da saponina isolada de Gymnema sylvestre R. Br. (bvsalud.org)
  • Common milkweed is a member of the Asclepiadaceae (milkweed) family. (fed.us)
  • Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Asclepiadaceae. (gbif.org)
  • Plate 22 from The flora of South Africa (vol. 3, part 1) featuring Asclepiadaceae (Stapelieae). (sun.ac.za)