Hepatic Encephalopathy: A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)Melatonin: A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Ovarian Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Platelet-Derived Growth Factor: Mitogenic peptide growth hormone carried in the alpha-granules of platelets. It is released when platelets adhere to traumatized tissues. Connective tissue cells near the traumatized region respond by initiating the process of replication.Epidermal Growth Factor: A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. Epidermal growth factor exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and EPITHELIAL CELLS. It is synthesized as a transmembrane protein which can be cleaved to release a soluble active form.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Growth Substances: Signal molecules that are involved in the control of cell growth and differentiation.Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor: A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF-related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA; AMPHIREGULIN; and HEPARIN-BINDING EGF-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.Paracentesis: A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity or organ via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.Carmine: Coloring matter from the insect Coccus cacti L. It is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, etc., as a dye, and also has use as a microscopic stain and biological marker.Pleural Effusion, Malignant: Presence of fluid in the PLEURAL CAVITY as a complication of malignant disease. Malignant pleural effusions often contain actual malignant cells.Ascites: Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.Papanicolaou Test: Cytological preparation of cells collected from a mucosal surface and stained with Papanicolaou stain.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Cytodiagnosis: Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Leukocyte Count: The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.Liver Cirrhosis: Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.Peritonitis: INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic: FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.Ascitic Fluid: The serous fluid of ASCITES, the accumulation of fluids in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar: A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA occurring mainly in adolescents and young adults, affecting muscles of the extremities, trunk, orbital region, etc. It is extremely malignant, metastasizing widely at an early stage. Few cures have been achieved and the prognosis is poor. "Alveolar" refers to its microscopic appearance simulating the cells of the respiratory alveolus. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)Rhabdomyosarcoma: A malignant solid tumor arising from mesenchymal tissues which normally differentiate to form striated muscle. It can occur in a wide variety of sites. It is divided into four distinct types: pleomorphic, predominantly in male adults; alveolar (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, ALVEOLAR), mainly in adolescents and young adults; embryonal (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, EMBRYONAL), predominantly in infants and children; and botryoidal, also in young children. It is one of the most frequently occurring soft tissue sarcomas and the most common in children under 15. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2186; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1647-9)Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal: A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA arising primarily in the head and neck, especially the orbit, of children below the age of 10. The cells are smaller than those of other rhabdomyosarcomas and are of two basic cell types: spindle cells and round cells. This cancer is highly sensitive to chemotherapy and has a high cure rate with multi-modality therapy. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)PAX7 Transcription Factor: A paired box transcription factor that is involved in EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and SKELETAL MUSCLE.Paired Box Transcription Factors: A family of transcription factors that control EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT within a variety of cell lineages. They are characterized by a highly conserved paired DNA-binding domain that was first identified in DROSOPHILA segmentation genes.Muscle Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in muscle tissue or specific muscles. They are differentiated from NEOPLASMS, MUSCLE TISSUE which are neoplasms composed of skeletal, cardiac, or smooth muscle tissue, such as MYOSARCOMA or LEIOMYOMA.Chemokines: Class of pro-inflammatory cytokines that have the ability to attract and activate leukocytes. They can be divided into at least three structural branches: C; (CHEMOKINES, C); CC; (CHEMOKINES, CC); and CXC; (CHEMOKINES, CXC); according to variations in a shared cysteine motif.Receptors, Chemokine: Cell surface glycoproteins that bind to chemokines and thus mediate the migration of pro-inflammatory molecules. The receptors are members of the seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor family. Like the CHEMOKINES themselves, the receptors can be divided into at least three structural branches: CR, CCR, and CXCR, according to variations in a shared cysteine motif.Transendothelial and Transepithelial Migration: The passage of cells across the layer of ENDOTHELIAL CELLS, i.e., the ENDOTHELIUM; or across the layer of EPITHELIAL CELLS, i.e. the EPITHELIUM.Receptor, EphB5: An eph family receptor found at high levels in adult THYMUS and RETINA. In embryonic tissues it is found in many developing organs.Chemokines, CC: Group of chemokines with adjacent cysteines that are chemoattractants for lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils but not neutrophils.Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.Chorionic Gonadotropin: A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).Ecchymosis: Extravasation of blood into the skin, resulting in a nonelevated, rounded or irregular, blue or purplish patch, larger than a petechia.Ovulation Induction: Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Torsion Abnormality: An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Antibody Specificity: The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.Antibodies: Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).Epitopes: Sites on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Cross Reactions: Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.

Development of a sensitive, specific reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction-based assay for epithelial tumour cells in effusions. (1/1795)

We developed a sensitive and specific method for the detection of epithelial cancer cells in effusions with a two-stage molecular-based assay which combined enrichment for cancer cells by immunomagnetic bead selection and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection of epithelial glycoprotein 2 (EGP-2) RNA. Preliminary experiments indicated that immunobead selection was essential to avoid occasional false-positive RT-PCR results, and this method detected ten breast cancer cells electively added to 10(7) cytologically negative effusion cells. We studied 110 cases of pleural (n = 68) and peritoneal (n = 42) effusions (30 from patients with known carcinoma and 80 from those without known carcinoma), and the results were compared with cytological findings. Of 18 effusions that were cytologically positive or suspicious for malignant cells, 17 (94%) were positive for EGP-2 RNA (the one negative sample was from a patient who recently received combination chemotherapy). Of 92 cytologically negative samples, 11 (12%) were positive for EGP-2, including six patients with a history of previous or current carcinoma. Our method appears to be highly specific and increases the sensitivity of detection of malignant cells; it may be a useful adjunct to routine cytopathological examination.  (+info)

Peritoneal cytology in the surgical evaluation of gastric carcinoma. (2/1795)

Many patients undergoing surgery for gastric carcinoma will develop peritoneal metastases. A method to identify those patients at risk of peritoneal recurrence would help in the selection of patients for adjuvant therapy. Peritoneal cytology has received little attention in the West, but may prove a useful additional means of evaluating patients with gastric cancer. The aims of this study were to evaluate sampling techniques for peritoneal cytology in patients with gastric cancer, to assess the prognostic significance of free peritoneal malignant cells and to discover the effect of the operative procedure on dissemination of malignant cells. The study is based on 85 consecutive patients undergoing surgical treatment of gastric cancer and followed up for 2 years or until death. Peritoneal cytology samples were collected at laparoscopy, and at operation prior to resection by intraperitoneal lavage and serosal brushings. After resection, samples were taken by peritoneal lavage, imprint cytology of the resected specimen and post-operatively by peritoneal irrigation via a percutaneous catheter. Malignant cells were diagnosed by two independent microscopists. Preoperative peritoneal lavage yielded malignant cells in 16 out of 85 cases (19%). The yield of free malignant cells was increased by using serosal brushings (by four cases) and imprint cytology (by two cases); all of the cases had evidence of serosal penetration. One serosa-negative case exhibited positive cytology in the post-resection peritoneal specimen in which the preresection cytology specimen was negative. Survival was worse in the cytology-positive group (chi2 = 25.1; P< 0.0001). Among serosa-positive patients, survival was significantly reduced if cytology was positive, if cases yielded by brushings and imprint cytology were included (log-rank test = 8.44; 1 df, P = 0.004). In conclusion, free peritoneal malignant cells can be identified in patients with gastric cancer who have a poor prognosis; the yield can be increased with brushings and imprint cytology in addition to conventional peritoneal lavage. Evaluation of peritoneal cytology by these methods may have a role in the selection of patients with the poorest prognosis who may benefit most from adjuvant therapy.  (+info)

Immunocytochemically detected free peritoneal tumour cells (FPTC) are a strong prognostic factor in gastric carcinoma. (3/1795)

We prospectively investigated the prognostic significance of free peritoneal tumour cells (FPTC) in a series of 118 patients with completely resected gastric carcinoma. Immunocytochemistry with the monoclonal antibody Ber-Ep4 was performed on cytospins from intraoperative peritoneal lavage specimens. Twenty-three patients (20%) had FPTC which was significantly correlated with pT and pN categories, stage, tumour size, lymphatic invasion, Lauren and WHO classifications and perigastric adipose tissue metastases. The median survival time for all FPTC positive compared with negative patients was significantly shorter (11 compared with >72 months), with estimated 5-year survival rates of 8% vs. 60%. None of the patients with FPTC had an early gastric cancer. In advanced tumour subgroups without and with serosal invasion (n = 59 and 35), there were 19% and 34% with FPTC. Multivariate survival analysis showed nodal status, FPTC, mesenteric lymphangiosis, and lymph node metastasis to the compartment III to be independent prognostic factors with relative risks of 6.6, 4.5, 2.9 and 2.2 respectively. Recurrent disease occurred in 91% of FPTC-positive and in 38% of FPTC-negative patients. FPTC had a positive predictive value of 91% and a specificity of 97% for tumour recurrence. FPTC is a strong negative, independent prognostic indicator for survival in gastric carcinoma.  (+info)

Paracrine changes in the peritoneal environment of women with endometriosis. (4/1795)

During the past decade, macrophage-derived substances such as prostanoids, cytokines, growth factors and angiogenic factors have been detected in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. In particular, growth-promoting and angiogenic factors are considered to be substantially involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. In this study, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), substances recently detected in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis, were assessed with regard to their concentrations in different stages of endometriosis and changes of the peritoneal paracrine activity after medical treatment with a gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa). Peritoneal fluid was obtained from patients with endometriosis during laparoscopy before and after a 4-month treatment with a GnRHa. VEGF, TGF-beta and ICAM-1 could be detected in all women presenting with various stages of active endometriosis. After GnRHa therapy, all patients showed significant decreases in mean concentrations of VEGF (194+/-77 pg/ml), TGF-beta (902+/-273 pg/ml) and ICAM-1 (157+/-52 ng/ml). Patients with stage III and IV endometriosis (according to the rAFS score) had much higher concentrations of VEGF and TGF-beta before treatment compared with those patients with mild endometriosis (rAFS stages I and II). The most striking decrease in concentration was for TGF-beta, from 902 pg/ml before to 273 pg/ml after therapy. These results indicate an important role for paracrine activity in the establishment and maintenance of endometriosis. Indeed, treatment with a GnRHa may reduce paracrine activity in the peritoneal cavity via hypo-oestrogenism and provide proof of successful therapy.  (+info)

Tracing cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in endometriosis. (5/1795)

The aetiology and pathogenesis of endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrium-like tissue outside the uterine cavity, is largely unknown. In this paper we present and discuss possibilities to study the putative pathogenic properties of endometriotic cells in vitro. The current focus of our investigations is on the invasive phenotype of the disease, assuming that this might contribute to the pathogenesis of endometriosis. So far, we have shown that: (i) cytokeratin-positive and E-cadherin-negative endometriotic cells have an invasive phenotype in a collagen invasion assay in vitro similar to metastatic carcinoma cells; (ii) the invasiveness of endometriotic but not of eutopic endometrial cells can be stimulated by a heat-stable protein present in peritoneal fluid; and (iii) the endometriotic cell line EEC145T, which we established, may be a useful tool for the identification of gene products which are, positively or negatively, invasion-related. Finally, our studies suggest that the invasive phenotype in endometriosis shares aspects with tumour metastasis, but might also have unique mechanisms.  (+info)

Endometriotic disease: the role of peritoneal fluid. (6/1795)

Peritoneal fluid and the intraovarian milieu are a specific microenvironment. Peritoneal fluid originates mainly as an ovarian exudation product caused by increased vascular permeability, with cyclic variation in volume and steroid hormones which are always higher than in plasma. It contains large amounts of macrophages and their secretion products, and has a large exchange area with plasma through the peritoneum, which is highly permeable for small molecules. Diffusion becomes virtually zero for molecules with a molecular weight of >100000 Da. In women with the luteinized unruptured follicle (LUF) syndrome, concentrations of oestrogens and progesterone are much lower in the luteal phase. Endometriosis is associated with sterile low-grade inflammation, increased concentrations of activated macrophages and many of their secretions, such as cytokines, growth factors and angiogenic factors. Concentrations of CA-125 and of glycodelins are also increased, secreted locally by the endometrial cells. Natural killer (NK) cell function declines, possibly mediated by glycodelins or local intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) -1 shedding. The ovary is also a specific microenvironment, with steroid hormone concentrations 1000-fold higher in follicles than in plasma. Endometrial and superficially implanted cells are influenced by peritoneal fluid concentrations so that local environment, rather than inherent cellular differences could explain differences between superficial endometriosis and eutopic endometrium. Differences between superficial implants and endometriotic disease, deep infiltrating or cystic ovarian endometriosis, may thus arise via different endocrine environments. Superficial endometrial implants are regulated by peritoneal fluid factors, whereas deep endometriosis and cystic ovarian endometriosis are influenced by blood or ovarian factors. The endometriotic disease theory considers superficial endometriotic implants and their remodelling as a physiological process in most women, and concentrates on the causes of severe endometriosis such as differences in the eutopic endometrium from women with and without endometriosis (which may indicate hereditary differences), the invasiveness of some endometriotic cells in vitro, focal 'shielding' of endometriotic foci by adhesions, and inhibition of NK activity by ICAM-1 and glycodelins. Endometriotic disease is thus seen as a benign tumour. The type of cellular lesion, hereditary and immunological environments and local hormone concentrations in the ovary and in peritoneal fluid, will decide expression as cystic ovarian endometriosis, deep endometriosis or adenomyosis externa, and whether the latter is associated with adhesions.  (+info)

2-Deoxyglucose selectively inhibits Fc and complement receptor-mediated phagocytosis in mouse peritoneal macrophages II. Dissociation of the inhibitory effects of 2-deoxyglucose on phagocytosis and ATP generation. (7/1795)

Macrophages incubated in 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-dG)-containing medium showed a marked decrease in cellular ATP content, and were unable to ingest IgG- and complement-coated erythrocytes via the corresponding membrane receptors for these ligands. However, the inhibitory effects of 2-dG on Fc- and C3 receptor-mediated phagocytosis were not a consequence of lowered macrophage ATP levels since addition of glucose or mannose to the culture medium restored the capacity of the macrophages to ingest IgG- and C3-coated particles without increasing ATP levels. These results indicate that Fc- and C3 receptor-mediated phagocytosis (opsonin dependent) differs qualitatively from the ingestion of latex and zymosan particles (opsonin independent); they suggest that the same regulatory molecules govern the responses of phagocytic cells to signals initiated by both the Fc and C3 receptors. The possibility that these molecules are regulated by glycosylation is discussed.  (+info)

The requirement of an adherent cell substratum for the growth of developing plasmacytoma cells in vivo. (8/1795)

The intraperitoneal injection of pristane (2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecane) produces an environment conductive to primary plasmacytoma growth in as few as 3 days. After pristane injection, the total free peritoneal cell population increases from a normal value of 1.55 X 10(6) to 5.28 X 10(6) and remains at this elevated level for at least 50 days. The adherent peritoneal cell population, composed of both mononuclear cells and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, is the primary source of this increase. In the pristane-conditioned peritoneum, these cells rapidly form a chronic granuloma on the peritoneal connective tissues. Daily subcutaneous treatment of mice with 0.5 mg of hydrocortisone beginning simultaneously with pristane injection prevents the increase in the peritoneal cell population, granuloma formation, d the production of a conditoned environment. In mice treated with hydrocortisone beginning 3 days after pristane injection, however, neither the peritoneal cell increase nor the production of a conditioned environment is prevented. The intraperitoneal injection of thioglycolate medium at 4-day intervals produces an elevation of the free adherent peritoneal cell population similar to pristane, but does not produce a granuloma or a conditioned environment. The intraperitoneal transfer of thioglycolate-induced adherent peritonel cells to mice treated with pristane and hydrocortisone simultaneously restores the production of a conditioned environment. These findings indicate that the adherent peritoneal cell population is responsible for the conditioning effect, and that the establishment of a resident population of these cells is necessary to produce conditioning.  (+info)

*Pancreatic fistula

Pleural or ascitic fluid should be sent for analysis. An elevated amylase level, usually > 1,000 IU/L, with protein levels over ... Loss of a small volume of fluid will not cause a problem but an acidosis is common if the volume of pancreatic fluid lost from ... Loss of bicarbonate-rich pancreatic fluid via a pancreatic fistula can result in a hyperchloraemic or normal anion gap ... ISBN 0-7216-2082-5 Dugernier T, Laterre PF, Reynaert MS (2000). "Ascites fluid in severe acute pancreatitis: from ...

*Ascites

Grade 3: directly visible, confirmed with the fluid wave/thrill test. Pathophysiology[edit]. Ascitic fluid can accumulate as a ... "fluid thrill" or "fluid wave" (tapping or pushing on one side will generate a wave-like effect through the fluid that can be ... Ascites is the abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen.[1] Technically, it is more than 25 mL of fluid in the peritoneal ... Additionally, the sonographer can make an estimation of the amount of ascitic fluid, and difficult-to-drain ascites may be ...

*Norfloxacin

Runyon BA (1986). "Low-protein-concentration ascitic fluid is predisposed to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis". ... Norfloxacin is used for prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients who have a low ascites fluid ...

*Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

Diagnosis is made by paracentesis (needle aspiration of the ascitic fluid). SBP is diagnosed if the fluid contains neutrophils ... As for the significance of ascitic fluid proteins, it was demonstrated that cirrhotic patients with ascitic protein ... The most frequently isolated gram negative bacterial species in ascitic fluid from those with SBP are E. coli and Klebsiella. ... Contrary to earlier theories, transmucosal migration of bacteria from the gut to the ascitic fluid is no longer considered to ...

*Dinesh K. Bhargava

Diagnostic value in ascitic fluid and serum". Tuberculosis. 71 (2): 121-126. doi:10.1016/0041-3879(90)90007-U. Apollo Hospital ...

*Serum-ascites albumin gradient

This phenomenon is the result of Starling's forces between the fluid of the circulatory system and ascitic fluid. Under normal ... The formula is as follows: SAAG = (serum albumin) − (albumin level of ascitic fluid). Ideally, the two values should be ... The SAAG may be a better discriminant than the older method of classifying ascites fluid as a transudate versus exudate. ... The increase in hydrostatic pressure causes more fluid to leave the circulation into the peritoneal space (ascites). The SAAG ...

*Kininogen 1

Maeda H, Matsumura Y, Kato H (Nov 1988). "Purification and identification of [hydroxyprolyl3]bradykinin in ascitic fluid from a ...

*Shifting dullness

... then the air-fluid level would not move. Shifting dullness is usually present if the volume of ascitic fluid is greater than ... or has less than 2 litres of free fluid present. If the fluid causing the dullness was not free, ... After waiting sufficient time for any fluid to shift (up to 30 seconds), the dull position is then percussed. It may now be ... Abdominal examination Fluid wave test Bulging flanks Puddle sign Murray Longmore, Ian B. Wilinson, Edward H. Dawvidson, ...

*L1210 cells

L1210 are mouse lymphocytic leukemia cells which are derived from the ascitic fluid of 8-month-old female mice. While they are ...

*Plasmablastic lymphoma

Extraoral plasmablastic lymphoma detected using ascitic fluid cytology and flow cytometry: a case report with a review of the ...

*Vitamin D-binding protein

It is a multifunctional protein found in plasma, ascitic fluid, cerebrospinal fluid and on the surface of many cell types. It ...

*Cefotiam

... as well as in fluids and secretions (bile, ascitic fluid). Cefotiam has a broad spectrum of activity and has been used to treat ...

*Hepatorenal syndrome

Conversely, in individuals with very tense ascites, it has been hypothesized that removal of ascitic fluid may improve kidney ... or the removal of large volumes of ascitic fluid by paracentesis from the abdominal cavity without compensating for fluid ... Also, large volume paracentesis-which is the removal of ascites fluid from the abdomen using a needle or catheter in order to ... Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, which is the infection of ascites fluid, is the most common precipitant of HRS in cirrhotic ...

*Leukocyte esterase

... that the Combur test UX urine screening test is a very sensitive and specific method for diagnosing SBP in the ascitic fluid of ... The LE test is also used to screen for gonorrhea and for amniotic fluid infections. The combination of the LE test with the ...

*H19 (gene)

... marker protein CA-125 in her blood as well as a significant decrease in the number of cancerous cells in her ascitic fluid. The ...

*Eosinophilic gastroenteritis

... infiltration in one or more areas of the gastrointestinal tract or presence of high eosinophil count in ascitic fluid (latter ...

*Sushruta

... draining hydrocele and ascitic fluid, removal of the prostate gland, urethral stricture dilatation, vesicolithotomy, hernia ...

*Father of surgery

... draining hydrocele and ascitic fluid, removal of the prostate gland, urethral stricture dilatation, vesicolithotomy, hernia ...

*Peritoneovenous shunt

... which allows ascitic fluid to pass directly into the systemic circulation. Possible complications include: Infection Superior ... A peritoneovenous shunt (also called LeVeen Shunt) is a shunt which drains peritoneal fluid from the peritoneum into veins, ...

*List of MeSH codes (A12)

... ascitic fluid MeSH A12.207.152 --- blood MeSH A12.207.152.200 --- fetal blood MeSH A12.207.152.693 --- plasma MeSH A12.207. ... synovial fluid MeSH A12.207.515 --- intracellular fluid MeSH A12.207.739 --- nasal lavage fluid MeSH A12.207.927 --- urine MeSH ... cyst fluid MeSH A12.383.250 --- dentinal fluid MeSH A12.383.500 --- gingival crevicular fluid MeSH A12.459.529 --- meconium ... body fluid compartments MeSH A12.207.200 --- body water MeSH A12.207.234 --- bronchoalveolar lavage fluid MeSH A12.207.270 --- ...

*Bacteriologist (Professional)

... lesions Samples of cerebrospinal fluid Pleural fluid samples Samples of ascitic fluid Tissue infected Samples of synovial fluid ... used for determination of various analyses in various biological fluids, different reagents are used to play colorimetric ...

*Paracentesis

... ascitic) fluid. The needle is removed, leaving the plastic sheath to allow drainage of the fluid. The fluid is drained by ... in which the peritoneal cavity is punctured by a needle to sample peritoneal fluid. The procedure is used to remove fluid from ... The ascitic white blood cell count can help determine if the ascites is infected. A count of 250 WBC per ml or higher is ... Several litres of fluid may be drained during the procedure; however, if more than two litres are to be drained it will usually ...

*Peritoneal fluid

SAAG is calculated by subtracting the albumin measure of ascitic fluid from the serum value. In portal hypertension, the SAAG ... An increased volume of peritoneal fluid is called ascites. Sampling of peritoneal fluid is generally performed by ... Peritoneal fluid is a liquid made in the abdominal cavity which lubricates the surface of tissue that lines the abdominal wall ... Peritoneal fluid microscopy is a useful test in evaluating the cause of ascites. A diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) is ...

*Hydrocele

Clear straw-colored fluid contains mostly albumin and fibrinogen. If the fluid is allowed to drain in a collecting vessel, it ... Ascites or even ascitic tuberculous peritonitis should be considered if the swellings are bilateral.Getting above swelling not ... A hydrocele is an accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity. A hydrocele testis is the accumulation of fluids around a ... The presence of fluid is demonstrated by trans illumination. These hydrocoeles can reach a huge size, containing large amount ...

*Shunt (medical)

... which allows ascitic fluid to pass directly into the systemic circulation. Possible Complications Bleeding from varices DIC ( ... In medicine, a shunt is a hole or a small passage which moves, or allows movement of, fluid from one part of the body to ... A vesico-amniotic shunt is a tube that it is inserted into the unborn baby's bladder to drain the excess fluid into the ... This can result in a reduction in the volume of amniotic fluid, and problems with the development of the baby's lungs and ...

*Ballottement

... may also refer to an assessment of an ascitic abdomen. Identifying an organ or a mass in an ascitic abdomen: "Try ... Ballottement is a medical sign which indicates increased fluid in the suprapatellar pouch over the patella at the knee joint. ... This quick movement often displaces the fluid so that your fingertips can briefly touch the surface of the structure through ...

*腹水 - 維基百科,自由的百科全書

Diuresis in the ascitic patient: a randomized controlled trial of three regimens. J. Clin. Gastroenterol. 1981,. 3 Suppl 1: 73- ... Fluid wave test(英語:Fluid wave test). *Abdominal mass(英語:Abdominal mass) ...
Schwartz, R H.; Horton, C L.; and Paul, W E., "T-lymphocyte-enriched murine peritoneal exudate cells. IV. Genetic control of cross-stimuation at the t-cell level." (1977). Subject Strain Bibliography 1977. 1668 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recruitment of exogenous macrophages into metastases at different stages of tumor growth. AU - Bugelski, Peter J.. AU - Kirsh, Richard. AU - Buscarino, Charles. AU - Corwin, Steven P.. AU - Poste, George. PY - 1987/4/1. Y1 - 1987/4/1. N2 - The endogenous tumor-associated macrophage content and recruitment of labeled peritoneal exudate cells into experimental murine B16 melanoma metastases has been examined at different stages in the progressive growth of metastatic lesions. The recruitment of thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal exudate cells and peritoneal exudate cells activated in vitro with muramyl dipeptide was studied. Tumor-associated macrophages and labeled peritoneal exudate cells were identified in paraffin sections by specific histochemical staining and their density in individual metastases measured morphometrically. The density of tumor-associated macrophages and exogenously recruited peritoneal exudate cells was high in very small lesions but decreased rapidly as a ...
Definition of Peritoneal exudate with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
Mechanisms of T cell-mediated cytotoxicity remain poorly defined at the molecular level. To investigate some of these mechanisms, we used as target cells, on the one hand, thymocytes from lpr and gld mouse mutants, and on the other hand, L1210 cells transfected or not with the apoptosis-inducing Fas molecule. These independent mutant or transfectant-based approaches both led to the conclusion that Fas was involved in the Ca(2+)-independent component of cytotoxicity mediated by at least two sources of T cells, namely nonantigen-specific in vitro activated hybridoma cells, and antigen-specific in vivo raised peritoneal exudate lymphocytes. Thus, in these cases, T cell-mediated cytotoxicity involved transduction via Fas of the target cell death signal. ...
Methods : Uveitis was induced by immunization with either retinal S-Ag peptide PDSAg (monophasic/chronic EAU) or IRBP-peptide R14 (relapsing EAU). Recombinant human IFN-alpha was subcutaneously injected every day or every other day at different doses (1000 or 5000 IU) starting from different time points. Uveitis was graded clinically and histologically. Peritoneal exudate cells (PEC), lymph node (LN) cells and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were investigated for surface markers and cytokine expression by FACS-analysis Results : Preventive treatment with IFN-alpha starting with immunization significantly decreased the primary inflammation as well as relapses of R14-induced EAU, while PDSAg-induced, monophasic disease was deteriorated. Lymph node cells of PDSAg-immunized, IFN-a-treated rats revealed more TCR+ cells expressing IFN-g, IL-17 or both, and less TCR+ cells producing IL-10 compared to the PBS-treated control group. IFN-a treatment decreased cell populations expressing CD161 in ...
The peritoneal cavity is the space in our body which encloses certain vital organs. Here is a Buzzle post that gives you information on its location, the organs it contains, the peritoneal fluid, and some of the diseases associated with it.
... for undergraduate students attending Millikin University enrolled in Choral Music or Organ. Deadlines and award amounts may vary.. ...
2Ukranian Anticancer Institute, Laimgrubengasse 19/7. A-1060 Vienna, Austria. Abstract - Ukrain is a semisynthetic compound consisting of alkaloids from Chelidonium majus L. conjugated to thiophosphoric acid. with immunomodulatory and therapeutic properties in cancer patients. The present m vitro studies demonstrate that Ukrain is an effective biological response modifier in that it augmented, by up to 48-fold. the lytic activity of spleen lymphocytes obtained from alloimmunized mice. The lytic activities of IL-2-treated spleen cells and peritoneal exudate lymphocytes were also increased significantly by the addition of Ukrain to the CML assay medium. The highest Ukrain-induced enhancement of spleen lymphocyte lytic activity in vitro was found to occur at 18 days after alloimmunization, was dose dependent and specific for the immunizing P815 tumor cells. Since Ukrain was present only during the CML assays, its mode of action is thought to be via direct activation of the effector cells lytic ...
Probiotic therapy in conjunction with antimicrobial treatment does not improve efficacy in the treatment of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, as was found in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, rando... more
Acute Market Reports.com has announced the addition of Global Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Market Analysis And Segment Forecasts To 2015 Market Research
海词词典,最权威的学习词典,专业出版acute bacterial peritonitis是什么意思,acute bacterial peritonitis的用法,acute bacterial peritonitis翻译和读音等详细讲解。海词词典:学习变容易,记忆很深刻。
Doses provided in this table are for patients with normal renal and hepatic function. Click on drug link to go to dosing guidelines. Some antimicrobials are restricted (ID-R). Click on link for guidelines on obtaining authorization.. ...
Culture-negative neutrophilic ascites (CNNA) has clinical, prognostic, and therapeutic characteristics similar to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and should be treated in a similar fashion. Patients with monomicrobial non-neutrophilicbacterascites (MNB) typically respond similar to CNNA and SBP if the patient is symptomatic; asymptomatic patients usually do not need antibiotics and observation is appropriate, but consideration of TB should be entertained ...
余白の削除などで一部分だけ印刷したい場合、または画像が薄すぎる、暗すぎる場合は、下の「詳細設定」をお試しください ...
We have also been examining the factors determining host immunity against this parasite. Using targeted mutations that result in the lack of B lymphocytes, we have made the unexpected observation that B lymphocytes appear to play a central role in host defense. Reconstitution of SCID mice with purified peritoneal exudate cells, which are enriched for a certain subset of B lymphocytes known as the B1 B cells, we have demonstrated that this subset of B lymphocytes is able to mediate host protection. This observation opens the door to the identification of parasite derived molecules that may be playing critical role in host community ...
Objectives: To determine the association between pre hospital use of proton pump inhibitors and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients presenting with liver cirrhosis. Study Design: Case control study. Setting: Department of Gastroenterology at Liaquat National Hospital Karachi. Period: Six months (From 1st - March-2017 to 31st - August-2017). Material and Methods: There were 120 patients with cirrhosis were included in this study. Sixty patients were cases with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and 60 patients were control without spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. All patients were interviewed for pre hospital intake of PPI (as per operational definition). All the data was entered on predesigned proforma (attached). Results: The average age of the patients was 42.47±9.87 years. Rate of PPI use was significantly higher among cases with SBP (46.7%) as compared to the patients without SBP (23.3%). Conclusion: In conclusion, PPI use (acid suppression) was associated with the ...
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the development of a bacterial infection in the peritoneum causing peritonitis, despite the absence of an obvious source for the infection. It occurs almost exclusively in people with portal hypertension (increased pressure over the portal vein), usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver. It can also occur in patients with nephrotic syndrome. The diagnosis of SBP requires paracentesis (aspiration of fluid with a needle) from the abdominal cavity. If the fluid contains bacteria or large numbers of neutrophil granulocytes (>250 cells/µL) (a type of white blood cells), infection is confirmed and antibiotics are required to avoid complications. In addition to antibiotics, infusions of albumin are usually administered. Signs and symptoms of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis include fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, abdominal tenderness, and general malaise. Affected individuals may complain of abdominal pain and worsening ascites. Thirteen percent of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Influence of genetic variations in the SOD1 gene on the development of ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in decompensated liver cirrhosis. AU - Schwab, Sebastian. AU - Lehmann, Jennifer. AU - Lutz, Philipp. AU - Jansen, Christian. AU - Appenrodt, Beate. AU - Lammert, Frank. AU - Strassburg, Christian P. AU - Spengler, Ulrich. AU - Nischalke, Hans Dieter. AU - Trebicka, Jonel. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - BACKGROUND: The balance between generation and elimination of reactive oxygen species by superoxide dismutase (SOD) is crucially involved in the pathophysiology of liver cirrhosis. Reactive oxygen species damage cells and induce inflammation/fibrosis, but also play a critical role in immune defense from pathogens. As both processes are involved in the development of liver cirrhosis and its complications, genetic variation of the SOD1 gene was investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two SOD1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1041740 and rs3844942) were analyzed in 49 ...
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is an acute bacterial infection of ascitic fluid. Generally, no source of the infecting agent is easily identifiable, but contamination of dialysate can cause the condition among those receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD).
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of immunochemistry in serous effusions.STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed cell blocks of 18 pleural and 18 peritoneal effusions diagnosed as malignant (18), benign (14) and suspicious (4). They were immunostained by the avidin-biotin complex method with a panel of four monoclonal antibodies-CEA, Ber-EP4, LeuM1 (CD15) and r53-and for lectins (Ulex europaeus) UEA-1, ConA and ConBr. RESULTS: Seventeen of the 18 cases of adenocarcinoma were positive for CEA (95%), 12 (66.6%)for Bev-EP4, 11 (61 %)for CD15 nild 11 (62 %)for p53. Twelve of the 18 (66.6%) were positive for UEA-1, CEA, Ber-EP4 and CD15. UEA-1 did not react with mesothelial cells. p53 Gave a positive reaction in only one case, reactive mesothelial cells. ConA and ConBr reacted indiscriminately with benign and malignant cells; thus, it was not useful in distinguishing between these cells.CONCLUSION: In this context no antibody used alone is reliable for corroborating a diagnosis, but the selective use of a small panel ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
A free diabetes, endocrinology and medical news article resource for endocrinologists and physicians. Endocrinology conference coverage and drug information.
Principal Investigator:INAGAKI Yoshinori, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1997, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Digestive surgery
ICD-10 A18.31 is tuberculous peritonitis (A1831). This code is grouped under diagnosis codes for certain infectious and parasitic diseases.
A monitor to provide substantially real-time estimates of fluid absorption rate and tissue loss rate in a patient during a surgical procedure. The monitor estimates fluid source flow rates and waste fluid flow rates based on weight changes per unit time or direct reading fluid flow rate meters. Tissue loss flow rates are estimated based on tissue concentration measurable in waste irrigation fluid using an optical comparator, and are used to correct waste fluid flow rates. Correct waste fluid flow rates are used in turn to obtain estimated fluid absorption rates.
pT47: cancer out into or onto pleural surface with intra-pleural skip foci beyond direct extension; through & out on the free pleural surface implys the set-up for an incipient [T08-54] malignant effusion (pT4) ...but is it the same (6th ed. AJCC has a clinical malignant effusion as cT4)? AJCC 6th not clear on this for chest7 but is clear that its pT4 for colon cancer in abdomen. But, the pleura can be pulled down into the tumor and invasively penetrated (pT2) & sealed off down in this interior closed space with no call for adjuvant radiation [LMC-07-3392] but may, therefore, call for chemotherapy ...
Condition Imaging Findings Comments Bacterial pneumonia Staphylococcus(Fig C 1-1) Rapid development of extensive alveolar infiltrates, usually involving a whole lobe or even several lobes. Air bronchograms are infrequent because the acute inflammatory exudate fills the airways, leading to segmental collapse and a loss of volume. Most frequently occurs in children, especially during the first…
Cytotoxic effects of MWCNTs-COOH and MWCNTs-PEG on macrophages.(A) RAW 264.7 cells and (B) primary rat peritoneal macrophages were incubated with or without ind
Learn Body cavities diagram facts using a simple interactive process (flashcard, matching, or multiple choice). Finally a format that helps you memorize and understand. Browse or search in thousands of pages or create your own page using a simple wizard. No signup required!
Gurusamy K, Wilson P, Tsochatzis E. Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in people with liver cirrhosis: a network meta-analysis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD013125. DOI: 10.1002/14651858. ...
The purpose of this systematic review is to compare the efficacy of rifaximin with the standard of care (norfloxacin) in the prevention of SBP. Our review is based on summarising evidence from three randomised controlled trials and 1 prospective observational study.14-17 In brief, the trial by Elfert et al was remarkable for significantly superior efficacy of rifaximin, while Shamseya and Madkour and Assem et al showed statistically insignificant difference between rifaximin and norfloxacin.15-17 Another trial by Mostafa et al showed a numerical difference in event rate favouring rifaximin for SBP prevention.14 It appears that rifaximin may have a role in prophylaxis of SBP in patients with cirrhosis. It may also be associated with a greater reduction in the risk of death in these patients, compared with norfloxacin. The clinical relevance of this review stems from the high mortality associated with SBP in patients with decompensated cirrhosis.. Hanouneh et al18 first studied rifaximin for ...
Amazing pictures of 8 Images Of Three Types Of Invertebrates Body Cavities is totally great for your biological science knowledge. The image Resolution 1084 x 613 px and the image size only 21 kb. Click the thumbnail to see the larger version.. Tagged with: acoelomate pseudocoelomate and coelomate, body cavity only partially lined with mesoderm, coelomate vs pseudocoelomate, pseudocoelomate body cavity, pseudocoelomate examples, .. ...
Devices and methods for providing access to a body cavity without substantial loss of inflation gas therein. The device comprises an access assembly 10 that may have a tubular member 12, at least one sleeve 16 coaxially disposed over the tubular member, a pneumostasis valve 13 attached to the tubular member, and an obturator 11 removably received in the tubular member. Sleeve 16 comprises expandable region 19 capable of forming an anchor 30 upon axial compression. A method to provide access using assembly 10 comprises insertion of the assembly 10 into the body cavity, expanding region 19, and insufflating the cavity with gas. Expandable region 19 on assembly 10 is axially compressed to form anchor 30 to seal against an interior wall of the body cavity. The method may further comprise either a second expanded anchor 50 or a non-expanding anchor 40 which clamps against an exterior wall of the body cavity to securely position and seal the access assembly 10.
BioAssay record AID 135371 submitted by ChEMBL: Inhibitory activity against LPS-induced NO production in mouse peritoneal macrophages was evaluated.
Tree-in-bud appearance represents dilated and fluid-filled (i.e. pus, mucus, or inflammatory exudate) centrilobular bronchioles. Abnormal tree-in-bud bronchioles can be distinguished from normal centrilobular bronchioles by their more irregular appearance, lack of tapering or knobby/bulbous appearance at the tip of their branches. The tree-in-bud distribution is often patch throughout the lung. ...
Detailed drug Information for tolmetin. Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects and dosing information.
Ascites The term Ascites defines fluid accumulation in the peritoneal cavity.The condition is also known as peritoneal cavity fluid, peritoneal… Read More ». ...
A triploblastic organism which does not have an internal body cavity other than the gut. The area between the gut and the organisms outer body wall is ...
Im curious to know what percentage of people are getting broken tail ports on Granamyr, so I thought this would be the best way to find out. Thanks for you participation! PS the part that is being reported to have problems is the port in the body cavity that the tail plugs into.
Resistance to infestation by larval Amblyomma americanum or Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks was transferred to naive guinea pigs with peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) or serum from donors immunized by prior infestation with homologous tick larvae. In the A. americanum system, PEC transfer induced 87% tick rejection, which was similar to the level of resistance in actively sensitized hosts. In the R. sanguineus system, PEC conferred resistance (39% rejection) that was weaker than in actively sensitized hosts (57% rejection). In both systems, immune serum conferred significant but weaker resistance (20 to 29% rejection). In actively sensitized hosts, resistance to each tick species was specific, but there was considerable cross-reactive resistance. Basophils dominated the 24-hr challenge feeding sites of A. americanum ticks in actively sensitized hosts (69% of the infiltrate) and recipients of sensitized PEC (69%). Mononuclear cells were dominant (69% of the infiltrate) in the challenged tissues of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison between laparoscopy and noninvasive tests for the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis. AU - Hong, Kwang Dae. AU - Lee, Sun Il. AU - Moon, Hong Young. PY - 2011/11/1. Y1 - 2011/11/1. N2 - Background Despite recent progress, the fast and accurate diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis (TBP) continues to be a challenge, mainly because of the lack of specific clinical features and the difficulty in isolating the M. tuberculosis. The present study aimed to investigate the role of laparoscopy in the diagnosis of TBP, compared to noninvasive tests. Methods We retrospectively studied 60 patients who had diagnostic laparoscopy for suspected TBP between January 2002 and June 2010. Results Forty-one patients were diagnosed with TBP. In terms of accuracy and predictive value, the visual diagnosis via laparoscope was the most diagnostic test. In the noninvasive tests, both the ascitic adenosine deaminase (ADA) level over 30 U/l, and the ascitic lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level over ...
Malignant ascites represents a severe clinical problem for physicians and patients being confronted with this common symptom of advanced-stage gastrointestinal cancer. Unfortunately, there is no standardized and evidence-based treatment for malignant ascites and therapies which are commonly being used are only temporarily effective. Newer modes of therapy, such as the application of the tri-functional antibody catumaxomab, are associated with significant side effects and are limited to patients in stages of good overall performance. Therefore, there is still an urgent need for more effective, longer-lasting, and less toxic modes of treatment for peritoneal effusions caused by gastrointestinal cancers.. Preclinical data strongly suggest that bevacizumab might be a very effective agent for the treatment of malignant ascites, which is in large part caused by the hyperpermeability-promoting factor VEGF. Emerging clinical results from cancer patients with malignant ascites treated with bevacizumab ...
Malignant ascites represents a severe clinical problem for physicians and patients being confronted with this common symptom of advanced-stage gastrointestinal cancer. Unfortunately, there is no standardized and evidence-based treatment for malignant ascites and therapies which are commonly being used are only temporarily effective. Newer modes of therapy, such as the application of the tri-functional antibody catumaxomab, are associated with significant side effects and are limited to patients in stages of good overall performance. Therefore, there is still an urgent need for more effective, longer-lasting, and less toxic modes of treatment for peritoneal effusions caused by gastrointestinal cancers.. Preclinical data strongly suggest that bevacizumab might be a very effective agent for the treatment of malignant ascites, which is in large part caused by the hyperpermeability-promoting factor VEGF. Emerging clinical results from cancer patients with malignant ascites treated with bevacizumab ...
A surgical procedure is disclosed for joining, e.g., by stapling or clipping, body tissue of a patient situated in an internal body cavity of the patient from within the body cavity through a small opening into the body cavity. For example, the surgical procedure may be employed to repair indirect inquinial or femoral hernias in a laparoscopic procedure. A small opening is made into the body cavity at a site on the patients body remote from the body tissue to be joined in the internal body cavity. The body cavity is insufflated. An elongate tissue-joining instrument is inserted into the body cavity through the small opening. The instrument is moved through the insufflated internal body cavity to position a distal end of the instrument close to and on an internal side of the body tissue to be joined in the body cavity. The pieces of body tissue are then joined by the instrument by manipulation of the instrument at a proximal end thereof.
A case of a middle aged woman with weight loss, ascites, and a pleural effusion is presented where a clinical diagnosis of ovarian cancer was made. Her CA 125 was greatly increased at 873 IU/ml and the ascites was a lymphocytic exudate but cytology failed to show malignant cells. Operative biopsy showed numerous noncaseating granulomas in the omentum but no mycobacterial organisms were seen. Empiric antituberculous treatment was started before positive culture results were received and when treatment had ended both the ascites and pleural effusion had resolved and the CA 125 had fallen to 7 IU/ml. Review of published works showed several other examples of tuberculous peritonitis associated with increased CA 125 and the possible cause of raised CA 125 in this condition is discussed.. ...
The clinical course of 35 patients with tuberculous peritonitis notified in Kandy (Sri Lanka) over a 6-year period has been reviewed. The maximum incidence occurred in the age group 21 to 40 years and the female/male ratio was 3:2. Clinical features were non-specific and the main presenting features were fever (68.5%), abdominal pain (65.7%), abdominal distension (54.2%), abdominal mass (54.2%) and ascites (45.7%). The symptoms were of insidious onset and 85% had symptoms for more than one month. Chest X-ray revealed abnormality suggestive of tuberculosis in 47%. Intra-abdominal tuberculosis was suspected in 43% of 26 patients before laparotomy. Four of the 32 patients given anti-tuberculous drugs died. Overall mortality was 20%.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Acceleration of diabetes in young NOD mice with peritoneal macrophages. AU - Shimada, Akira. AU - Takei, Izumi. AU - Maruyama, Taro. AU - Kasuga, Akira. AU - Kasatani, Tomohiro. AU - Watanabe, Kenji. AU - Asaba, Yoshiaki. AU - Ishii, Toshiharu. AU - Tadakuma, Takushi. AU - Habu, Sonoko. AU - Miyazaki, Jun ichi. AU - Saruta, Takao. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - To elucidate the roles of macrophages in the pathogenesis of NOD murine diabetes, peritoneal macrophages from NOD mice were injected into young NOD mice. We used 12 to 20 week-old NOD mice of both sexes as donors, and sex-matched 2-week-old NOD mice as recipients. Cyclophosphamide (CY), 200 mg/kg, was intraperitoneally injected into the donors. Two weeks later, peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) were collected from the diabetic donors. Macrophagerich fractions (MRF) were collected by adherence. Then PEC(5-8 × 106) or MRF(3-7 × 106) were transferred, intraperitoneally, to the recipients. Two weeks later, some of the recipients ...
Looking for online definition of tolmetin in the Medical Dictionary? tolmetin explanation free. What is tolmetin? Meaning of tolmetin medical term. What does tolmetin mean?
Wiltrout, R H.; Brunda, M J.; Gorelik, E; Peterson, E S.; Dunn, O J.; Leonhardt, J; Varesio, L; R; and Holden, H T., "Distribution of peritoneal macrophage populations after intraven- ous injection in mice: differential effects of eliciting and activating agents." (1983). Subject Strain Bibliography 1983. 1806 ...
The peritoneal cavity is a potential space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum. It contains only a thin film of peritoneal fluid, which consists of water, electrolytes, leukocytes and antibodies.
A.P. Biology Summer AssignmentJordan SakniCoelomate versus Acoelomate Body PlanCoelomates are organisms that have an internal body cavity lined completely with mesoderm. Acoelomates, on the other hand, either lack an internal body cavity altogether or ...
Ascites - information, guide, pictures, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment, photos, images. Ascites is a symptom of a disease rather than a disease by
In the discussion that follows, I will consider boot segment viruses as a sub-set of operating system viruses, since I dont believe there is an equivalent to the boot segment in the human psyche (i.e., this is a small program which tells the computer how it can load the main operating system). But we have already seen that, even if we treat it only as a metaphor, the human psyche has equivalent abilities to the operating system and the application programs. So it is likely that the human psyche can be attacked much as viruses attack those components of the computer software.. Operating system viruses replace some or all of the operating system with their own program code, then hide the normal operating system where they can get at it when needed. When any normal requirement is made of the operating system, say reading a file, the virus intercepts the request, and then sends it to the hidden operating system to perform. As far as the computer operator is concerned things look normal. ...
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Dr. Nishioka states that three episodes of peritonitis in the control group could not have been prevented by trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. This is incorrect. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is active against Klebsiella pneumoniae with minimum inhibitory concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 3.1 µg/mL [1]. The isolate in the control patient with K. pneumoniae bacteremia was sensitive to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, as are 83% of the K. pneumoniae isolates in our institution. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole also has in vitro activity against enterococci [2]; however, the activity of the drug is inconsistent, and this agent cannot be recommended for treating serious enterococcal infections ...
Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of gastroenterology and hepatology. The journal welcomes submissions related to the medical, surgical, pathological, biochemical, and physiological aspects of these subject areas.
inproceedings{226715, author = {BRUYNINCKX, W and BLANQUAERT, AM and Ysebaert, Maria and Vanneste, Walter}, language = {eng}, title = {Phagocytosis-induced functional heterogeneity of resident peritoneal macrophages. Proc. Conference of the Federation of the American Societies for Experimental Biology, Atlanta, april 1992 ...
Background: Spontaneous ascitic fluid infection (SAI) is an acute infection of ascitic fluid. SAI has three subtypes; SBP, CNNA, MNB. The prototype is Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). SBP is a frequent and serious complication in patients with cirrhosis leading to significant mortality and morbidity. Diagnosis of SBP is mainly established by elevated polymorphonuclear leukocyte count and positive ascitic fluid bacterial culture. Methodology: Records of patients with suspected diagnosis of Spontaneous ascitic fluid infection were analyzed in the present study. Patients admitted in the last one year i.e., between January 2014 to December 2014 with ascites secondary to cirrhosis were included. All patients with decompensated cirrhosis had undergone ascitic fluid paracenetesis after admission to the hospital. Ascitic fluid was centrifuged and analyzed for Total protein, Albumin, Total and Differential leukocyte count. Ascitic fluid was cultured by using BacTec method to determine the growth ...
Additional evidence is needed to determine the non-haemodynamic effects of BB and the therapeutic window for them. However, performing trials or studies to test these questions is very difficult. At present we have no reliable methods to test the effects of BB on the SNS activity in the splanchnic compartment. The plasma concentrations of norepinephrine are unreliable because they depend on the release rate and clearance from the plasma pool and because post-synaptic concentrations may be up to 1000 times higher than plasma levels. In theory, the non-haemodynamic effects of BB may be identified in large multicentre multinational randomised controlled trials comparing BB with placebo. One potential outcome measure could be spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, which is a clinical marker of gut bacterial translocation. The trial would have to include patients with ascites but exclude those with medium to large varices for ethical reasons. Considering that several patients have contraindications to BB ...
The answer seems simple. The bowel surgeon should be involved early in the process. I agree. The bowel surgeon should ideally have the seen the patient in a pre-operative consultation to discuss the planned procedure, results and potential complications. The intra-operative timing is the critical thing. If the gynaecologist has minimal surgical skills then invariably the bowel surgeon will be involved earlier. If that occurs, then the patient will receive a colo-rectal procedure, usually a segmental resection because that is what most bowel surgeons do since they are treating cancers. Unfortunately this will be too aggressive for most endometriosis patients who would have been adequately treated with either a shave or a disk excision. Segmental resection has significant long term functional effects and I believe should be avoided if at all possible.. A recent series describes an impressive 750 cases of segmental bowel resection for endometriosis. Unfortunately the series involved no disks or ...
An apparatus for navigation of body cavities is comprised of an inner element and an outer element that surrounds the inner element. The inner element has a memorized preformed shape that it assumes when it is not disposed within the outer element. When in the outer element, the inner element is straightened by the rigidity of the outer element. The preformed shape of the inner element is adjustable. This preformed shape may be exploited to navigate branches and curves in the body cavities. The inner element may be a catheter or laser fiber, and the outer element may be a catheter or sheath. When the inner element is a catheter, the catheter may contain a shape retaining element such as a spring wire that enables it to memorize the preformed shape.
5. Mas MR, Cömert B, Salamkaya U, et al. CA-125: a new marker for diagnosis and follow-up of patients with tuberculous peritonitis. Dig Liver Dis 2000; 32: 595-597. [ Links ...
Whole body section, students to physiology. Both on land and aol answers. Includes photos and sample papers ca home,cat exam. Fill in the... Blog.cz - Stačí otevřít a budeš v obraze.
இப்பக்கம் கடைசியாக 25 ஏப்ரல் 2017, 09:31 மணிக்குத் திருத்தப்பட்டது ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Calretinin staining pattern aids in the differentiation of mesothelioma from adenocarcinoma in serous effusions. AU - Chhieng, David C.. AU - Yee, Herman. AU - Schaefer, Dawn. AU - Cangiarella, Joan F.. AU - Jagirdar, Jaishree. AU - Chiriboga, Luis A.. AU - Cohen, Jean Marc. PY - 2000/6/25. Y1 - 2000/6/25. N2 - BACKGROUND. The differentiation between malignant mesothelioma and adenocarcinoma based on morphology alone can be a diagnostic challenge. The majority of the available antibodies recognize molecules expressed by adenocarcinoma whereas to the authors knowledge specific markers for mesothelial cells are lacking. Calretinin, a calcium-binding protein, has been reported to be a selective marker for mesothelioma and largely is absent from adenocarcinoma on histologic material. The results with cytologic preparations have been inconsistent. METHODS. To evaluate the specificity of calretinin in differentiating mesothelioma from adenocarcinoma in cytologic preparations, 21 ...
The purpose of these studies was to select in vitro tumor cells that were resistant to macrophage-mediated lysis. Seven different heterogeneous murine neoplasms (four fibrosarcomas, a melanoma, a rhabdomyosarcoma, and an osteogenic sarcoma) and one cloned line of a fibrosarcoma were incubated in vitro with syngeneic tumoricidal macrophages. Surviving tumor cells were recovered and expanded to undergo subsequent interaction with tumoricidal macrophages. After six sequential interactions, all cell lines were examined for their susceptibility to lysis mediated by murine peritoneal exudate macrophages activated with liposomes containing muramyl tripeptide phosphatidylethanolamine. In all eight systems, no significant differences were detected between the parent tumor cells and cells that survived the sequential interactions. Neither macrophage infiltration into s.c. tumors nor the experimental or spontaneous metastatic potentials of the parental tumors differed from the lines established by cells ...
Peritoneal adhesion formation is a common consequence of any operation or intra-abdominal inflammatory process (eg, pelvic inflammatory disease [PID], diverticulitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis). It is estimated that intra-abdominal adhesions develop in 90-95% of patients after surgery.
Diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) or diagnostic peritoneal aspiration (DPA) is a surgical diagnostic procedure to determine if there is free floating fluid (most often blood) in the abdominal cavity. This procedure is performed when intra-abdominal bleeding (hemoperitoneum), usually secondary to trauma, is suspected. In a hemodynamically unstable patient with high-risk mechanism of injury, peritoneal lavage is a means of rapidly diagnosing intra-abdominal injury requiring laparotomy, but has largely been replaced in trauma care by the use of a focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST scan) due to its repeatability, non-invasiveness and non-interference with subsequent computed tomography (CT scan). Abdominal CT and contrast duodenography may complement lavage in stable patients, but in an unstable or uncooperative persons, these studies are too time-consuming or require ill-advised sedation. Magnetic resonance imaging is extremely accurate for the anatomic definition of structural ...
However, serologic tests often provide only a retrospective diagnosis and are more useful in establishing the causative agent during an outbreak than in treating individual children? ( 9) showed that the level of EBV in PBMCs was still elevated 6 weeks after primary infection. La hipertensión arterial es una condición común y cuando no se trata, duprost cipla price puede causar daños en el cerebro, el corazón, los vasos sanguíneos, los riñones y otras partes del cuerpo! Vous pouvez acheter le Cialis de 20 mg sans ordonnance chez nous à un prix avantageux! The truth is, duprost cipla price there are a lot of products that dont work at all? 3 Patients who survive an episode of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis should receive long-term prophylaxis with norfloxacin (Noroxin) or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra). 196 (2008), duprost 0.5 involved a challenge to the party-based system used in New York to select candidates for positions as New York Supreme Court judges (ie, state ...
Abdominaler Abszess|Abszess des Abdomens|Abszess des Epiploons|Abszess des Mesenteriums|Abszess des Omentums|Abszess des kleinen Beckens|Akute Bauchfellentzündung|Akute Peritonitis des männlichen Beckens|Akute diffuse Peritonitis|Akute eitrige Peritonitis|Akute eosinophile Peritonitis|Akute subphrenische Peritonitis|Allgemeine Peritonitis|Bakterielle Peritonitis|Bauchhöhlenabszess|Bauchraumabszess|Beckenperitonitis beim Mann|Diaphragmatische Peritonitis|Diffuse Peritonitis a.n.k.|Disseminierte Peritonitis|Eiterung des männlichen Beckens|Eitrige Peritonitis|Empyem im Oberbauch|Extraperitonealabszess|Fibropurulente Peritonitis|Generalisierte Peritonitis|Intraabdominaler Abszess|Intraperitonealer Abszess|K65.0 Akute Peritonitis|Mesenterialer Abszess|Männliche Pelveoperitonitis|Netzabszess|Pankreatische Peritonitis|Pelveoabdominaler Abszess|Pelvikoabdominaler Abszess|Perforierter Peritonealabszess|Peritonealabszess|Peritonealer Beckenabszess beim Mann|Peritonealphlegmone|Peritonitis mit Abszess
The delivery of phagocytic cells, monocytes or neutrophils, to the site of microbial infection involves two processes: Diapedisis: the migration of cells across vascular walls which is initiated by the mediators of inflammation (kinins, histamine, prostaglandins, etc.) Chemotaxis. Phagocytes are motile by ameboid action. Chemotaxis is movement of the cells in response to a chemical stimulus. The eventual concentration of phagocytes at a site of injury results from chemotactic response by the phagocytes which is analogous to bacterial chemotaxis. A number of chemotactic factors (attractants) have been identified, both for neutrophils and monocytes. These include bacterial products, cell and tissue debris, and components of the inflammatory exudate such as peptides derived from complement. Phagocytic adherence Phagocytosis is initiated by adherence of a particle to the surface of the plasma membrane of a phagocyte. This step usually involves several types of surface receptors on the phagocyte ...
endometriosis - MedHelps endometriosis Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for endometriosis. Find endometriosis information, treatments for endometriosis and endometriosis symptoms.
Endometriosis, Read about Endometriosis symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Endometriosis articles about how to live with Endometriosis, and more.
Endometriosis treatment by Dr. David Redwine at St. Charles Medical Center. Our internationally recognized endometriosis research, treatment approach and positive long-term outcomes help women in their search for better health and relief from the physical and emotional pain of endometriosis ...
Endometriosis - If you have endometriosis or it is an issue you are concerned about, come visit this forum to ask your questions and get support. We h
Endometriosis - If you have endometriosis or it is an issue you are concerned about, come visit this forum to ask your questions and get support. We h
Endometriosis Stages - As of now, a sure-fire cure for endometriosis is still being tested. However, modern science has provided us with medications and...
Cleansing the colon before an ultrasound makes it easier to detect rectal nodules of deep infiltrating endometriosis, found a study published in the Journal of…
Knowing the basics of endometriosis will help you understand the condition. Learn the basics of endometriosis at Discovery Health.
undefined hmph Just clicked on the endometriosis hashtag on Instagram (#endometriosis) aswell and came across this so I thought I would share. elleandanthony.blogspot.com... Honestly ladies have a...
Endometriosis is painful for some women and not for others. Why? This week we share the latest research from #WCAPP17 and explain.
Endometriosis மிகவும் சிக்கலான, வேதனை நிறைந்த நோயாகும். இனப்பெருக்க வயதிலிருக்கும் பெண்களை வலுவீனப்படுத்தும் காரணிகளில் முன்னிலையில் நிற்பது இந்த நோயே. சமூகத்தில் கிட்டத்தட்ட 10 சதவீதமான பெண்களுக்கு இந்நோய் இருக்கும் எனக் கொண்டாலும்,உண்மையில் இதனையும் விட மிகக் கூடியளவு பெண்கள் பாதிக்கப்படுகிறார்கள் என்றே கருதப்படுகிறது. ஏனெனில் அநேகமான இளம் பெண்களுக்கு/சிறுமியருக்கு ...
Reviews and ratings for ancef when used in the treatment of peritonitis. Share your experience with this medication by writing a review.
Treatment of malignant effusion by oncolytic virotherapy in an experimental subcutaneous xenograft model of lung cancer. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Macrophage-enriched peritoneal exudate cells from mice infected with Mycobacterium bovis BCG, macrophage-like tumor cells (PU 5-1.8), and peritoneal macrophages propagated in vitro with macrophage growth factor released tumoricidal activity into the culture medium within 2 to 3 h after stimulation with nanogram quantities of bacterial lipopolysaccharide. The cytotoxic activities from each of the macrophage culture supernatants eluted from diethylaminoethyl-Sephacel columns at a sodium chloride concentration of 200 mM exhibited a molecular weight of 50,000 to 60,000 as estimated by gel filtration, were stable at 56 degrees C for 30 min, and were active at a pH range of 6 to 10. A rabbit antiserum directed against serum-derived cytotoxic activity (tumor-necrotizing factor) from BCG-infected and lipopolysaccharide-challenged mice inhibited all of the cytotoxic activities generated in vitro. This suggests that the macrophage-derived cytotoxins are identical with serum-derived cytotoxic factor, which ...
Primary (spontaneous) bacterial peritonitis - Occurs without an apparent source of contamination and is thought to be secondary to bacterial translocation across the bowel. It is most commonly found in patients with underlying cirrhosis and ascites, but may be found in patients with congestive heart failure, systemic lupus erythematosus, chronic viral hepatitis, or acute viral hepatitis. Presentation can be subtle, and up to 30% of patients may be asymptomatic. Fever is common, but presentation can be marked by altered mental status or abdominal pain in those with cirrhosis. This infection is often paucibacillary, and culture is not uncommonly negative. When an organism is identified, common organisms include Escherichia coli, streptococci, enterococci, and pneumococci ...
Ascites is a major complication of cirrhosis. There are several evidence-based articles and guidelines for the management of adults, but few data have been published in relation to children. In the case of a pediatric patient with cirrhotic ascites (PPCA), the following questions are raised: How are the clinical assessment and ancillary tests performed? When is ascites considered refractory? How is it treated? Should fresh plasma and platelets be infused before abdominal paracentesis to prevent bleeding? What are the hospitalization criteria? What are the indicated treatments? What complications can patients develop? When and how should hyponatremia be treated? What are the diagnostic criteria for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis? How is it treated? What is hepatorenal syndrome? How is it treated? When should albumin be infused? When should fluid intake be restricted? The recommendations made here are based on pathophysiology and suggest the preferred approach to diagnostic and therapeutic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Alloreactivity and tumor antigens. T2 - Generation of syngeneic antilymphoma killer lymphocytes by alloimmunization of mice with normal cells. AU - Sensi, M. L.. AU - Parenza, M.. AU - Parmiani, G.. PY - 1983. Y1 - 1983. N2 - The possibility of obtaining a syngeneic antitumor effect by immunization with normal allogeneic cells was investigated by tests of the lytic activity of peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) of BALB/c mice immunized with lymphoid cells of either a single strain or a pool of six different allogeneic strains on the syngeneic Moloney virus-induced lymphoma YC8 target and on one of its clones designated YC8-D1. Significant cytotoxicity on both targets but not on two other BALB/c lymphomas was obtained with PEC of BALB/c mice singly immunized to the non-H-2-incompatible but H-2-compatible DBA/2 or B10.D2 lymphoid cells. The lack of lysis of YC8 cells by PEC of BALB/c mice immune to B10.A (H-2(k.d)) suggests that the in vitro killing was restricted by K(d)-IE(d) region ...
As a patient who has lived with endometriosis for 27 years, I feel compelled to point out an inaccuracy in this column. This quote is incorrect:. "A simple pelvic examination would have quickly pin-pointed the diagnosis, endometriosis".. As per the Endometriosis Association, "Diagnosis is considered uncertain until proven by laparoscopy, a minor surgical procedure done under anesthesia. A laparoscopy usually shows the location, size, and extent of the growths. This helps the doctor and patient make better treatment choices".. This Intelligencer article came to my attention because it was picked up as a "Google Alert" for the topic of "endometriosis". (That means many people are being exposed to the inaccurate info included in this article). So, I received an email from Google that linked me here.. The incorrect quote above immediately drew my attention because it is this type of misinformation in the media that has hurt so many endometriosis patients for so many years.. I hope that the ...
Hamilton, T.A.; Weiel, J.E.; Adams, D.O., 1984: Expression of the transferrin receptor in murine peritoneal macrophages is modulated in the different stages of activation
This study will investigate the efficacy and tolerability of escalated doses of bevacizumab [Avastin] in patients with refractory malignant ascites. The primary
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of patients with secondary bacterial peritonitis depends on the production of superoxides involved in bacterial killing and the endogenous level of antioxidants. The prognostic significance of their levels has not pre
Balanced pH, thermo-irreversible gels are ideal vehicles for drug delivery to a body cavity of a mammal. The gels contain a mixture of a polyoxyalkylene block copolymer or polyether together with an ionic polysaccharide which is thermo-irreversibly gelled in the presence of a counter-ion.
True ileus is a form of intestinal obstruction caused by non-mechanical obstructive factors such as peritoneal infection, metabolic disturbances, and blood supply disruption to the abdomen during surgeries. These risk factors may lead to peristalsis failure, and thereby prevent antegrade propulsion of intestinal contents. ...
March, 2018 is Endometriosis Month 2018. endometriosis? Endometriosis Pain Study‎ If You Have Endometriosis Learn About A Research Study
... - Get information about diagnosis and prognosis of Endometriosis, onlymyhealth.com is providing articles related to Endometriosis diagnosis and prognosis.
has moved to a new address:. DIET DIET SIHAT: Keputihan Berwarna Coklat Tanda Endometriosis. Endometriosis sebabkan Kemandulan/ Sukar hamil? Sorry for the inconvenience… Redirection provided by Blogger to WordPress Migration Service ...
Ascites is accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. This video is meant as a guide to recognising ascites and its complications and treatment. This video was created as part of the ...
Ascites is accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. This video is meant as a guide to recognising ascites and its complications and treatment. This video was created as part of the ...
The pleural effusion cytologies from 40 cases of malignant mesothelioma, 40 cases of adenocarcinoma and 30 cases of reactive mesothelial proliferation diagnosed between 1997 and 2007 were reviewed. Twenty-seven cytologic features which are regarded as useful in the differential diagnosis of mesothelioma, adenocarcinoma and benign mesothelial proliferation were assessed. These cytologic features were subjected to a stepwise logistic regression analysis. Three features were selected to distinguish malignant mesothelioma from adenocarcinoma: giant atypical mesothelial cell (P = 0.0001), nuclear pleomorphism (P = 0.0001) and acinar structures (P = 0.0001), the latter two being characteristics of adenocarcinoma. The variables selected to differentiate malignant mesothelioma from reactive mesothelial cells were: cell ball formation (P = 0.0001), cell in cell engulfment (P = 0.0001) and monolayer cell groups (P = 0.0001), the latter being a feature of benign mesothelial proliferation. When these ...

FULL TEXT - Cytological diagnosis of metastatic deposits of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in ascitic fluid: A rare case report -...FULL TEXT - Cytological diagnosis of metastatic deposits of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in ascitic fluid: A rare case report -...

Ascitic fluid cytology revealed deposits of rhabdomyosarcoma. Immunohistochemistry done to support the diagnosis. This case ... Laboratory evaluation of ascitic fluid showed sugar 75 mg/dl, protein 4.8 g/dl, albumin 2.8 g/dl and LDH 7178 IU/ml. ... Ascitic fluid cytology revealed deposits of rhabdomyosarcoma. Immunohistochemistry done to support the diagnosis. This case ... Here is a rare case of rhabdomyosarcoma of nose who presented with ascites posttreatment and was diagnosed on ascitic fluid ...
more infohttp://www.oncocytologyjournal.com/archive/2016-archive/100013OCYMP2016-meera/100013OCYMP2016-meera-full-text.php

Abdominal decompression plays a major role in early postparacentesis haemodynamic changes in cirrhotic patients with tense...Abdominal decompression plays a major role in early postparacentesis haemodynamic changes in cirrhotic patients with tense...

Ascitic fluid was sampled for leucocyte count. Patients were then transferred to the haemodynamic laboratory where a basal ... Human albumin (8 g for each litre of ascitic fluid removed) was administered intravenously over 60-80 minutes following the ...
more infohttp://gut.bmj.com/content/48/3/384

Severe Intraperitoneal Hemorrhage from Pseudoaneurysm after a Large-volume Paracentesis, Successfully Treated with Microcoil...Severe Intraperitoneal Hemorrhage from Pseudoaneurysm after a Large-volume Paracentesis, Successfully Treated with Microcoil...

Ascitic Fluid Contrast Media Dyspnea Embolization, Therapeutic Epigastric Arteries Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic ... Several days later, ascitic fluid increased and large-volume paracentesis was performed again. Two days later, his hemoglobin ...
more infohttps://koreamed.org/article/1028KJG/2018.71.3.162

ParacentesisParacentesis

The treatment may need to be repeated periodically for patients with large accumulations of ascitic fluid. ... For a few days, you may notice some clear fluid draining from the needle site, especially if a large amount of fluid was ... Ascites is a condition where fluid builds up in the abdomen. It is usually caused by liver disease, such as cirrhosis of the ... In some cases, the doctor may use ultrasound to find the location of the abdominal fluid. You may feel some pressure as the ...
more infohttp://www.centraltexasgi.com/index.php/paracentesis/

Laboratory Analysis of Peritoneal & Ascitic Fluid: Test Procedures and SignificanceLaboratory Analysis of Peritoneal & Ascitic Fluid: Test Procedures and Significance

However a wide variety of disease can result in fluid accumulation, known as ascites. This article summarizes the various tests ... employed in peritoneal fluid analysis and explains how the results can aid medical diagnosis. ... The volume of fluid within the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity is usually small. ... Our abdominal cavity and the organs within it are protected and lubricated by a fluid called the peritoneal or ascitic fluid. ...
more infohttps://www.brighthub.com/science/medical/articles/76682.aspx

What is the role of ascitic fluid measurement in the evaluation of cirrhosis?What is the role of ascitic fluid measurement in the evaluation of cirrhosis?

Many cases of ascites fluid with more than 1000 PMNs/mm3 (and certainly ,5000 PMNs/mm3) are associated with appendicit... more ... Ascitic fluid with more than 250 PMNs/mm3 defines neutrocytic ascites and SBP. ... Ascitic fluid with more than 250 PMNs/mm3 defines neutrocytic ascites and SBP. Many cases of ascites fluid with more than 1000 ... Optimization of ascitic fluid culture technique. Gastroenterology. 1988 Nov. 95(5):1351-5. [Medline]. ...
more infohttps://www.medscape.com/answers/185856-109647/171386-overview

Melatonin Levels in Serum and Ascitic Fluid of Patients with Hepatic EncephalopathyMelatonin Levels in Serum and Ascitic Fluid of Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy

... melatonin concentration in blood was higher than in ascitic fluid. Melatonin in the ascitic fluid may be derived from the blood ... There are significant differences between mean values obtained in ascitic fluid in groups and . ... Melatonin levels in ascitic fluid of two patients of group HE3 exceeded 600 pg/mL (609 and 632 pg/mL) and were similar to their ... Increased melatonin concentration in ascitic fluid was detected in 24 patients out of 30 (80%) in group and 27 patients out of ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/grp/2012/510764/

What is the indication for ascitic fluid neutrophil count in the workup of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP)?What is the indication for ascitic fluid neutrophil count in the workup of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP)?

An ascitic fluid neutrophil count of more than 500 cells/µL is the single best predictor of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, ... An ascitic fluid neutrophil count of more than 500 cells/µL is the single best predictor of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, ... What is the indication for ascitic fluid neutrophil count in the workup of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP)?. Updated: ... Riggio O, Angeloni S. Ascitic fluid analysis for diagnosis and monitoring of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. World J ...
more infohttps://www.medscape.com/answers/789105-43239/184237-overview

Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment | IntechOpenAscitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment | IntechOpen

Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment. By Radomir Živadinović, Aleksandra Petrić, Dane ... Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment, Ascites Luis Rodrigo, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/ ... Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment, Ascites Luis Rodrigo, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/ ... www.intechopen.com/embed/ascites-physiopathology-treatment-complications-and-prognosis/ascitic-fluid-in-ovarian-carcinoma-from- ...
more infohttps://www.intechopen.com/books/ascites-physiopathology-treatment-complications-and-prognosis/ascitic-fluid-in-ovarian-carcinoma-from-pathophysiology-to-the-treatment/

Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of PhysiciansIntravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians

Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion ANDRÉ VIALLET, M.D.; JEAN-PIERRE VILLENEUVE, M.D., M.SC. ... VIALLET A, VILLENEUVE J. Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion. Ann Intern Med. ;91:318-319. doi: 10.7326/0003- ... In their discussion, they state that extracorporeal ultrafiltration devices for the reinfusion of ascitic fluid have not been ... treated 11 times by reinfusion of concentrated ascitic fluid (Rhodiascit, Rhône-Poulenc, France). Coagulation abnormalities ...
more infohttp://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/693275/intravascular-coagulation-ascitic-fluid-infusion

Isolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids | Cancer ResearchIsolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids | Cancer Research

Isolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids. Shuzo Matsubara, Midori Suzuki, Masataka ... However, nontumorous ascitic fluids obtained from adjuvant-stimulated mice and a human liver cirrhosis case did not contain any ... Isolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids ... Isolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids ...
more infohttp://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/40/7/2534

LM of cancerous glandular cells in ascitic fluid - Stock Image M132/0391 - Science Photo LibraryLM of cancerous glandular cells in ascitic fluid - Stock Image M132/0391 - Science Photo Library

Found in ascitic fluid (body cavity fluid), these cells may have originated from a diseased organ such as the liver or an ovary ... Light micrograph of cancerous (malignant) glandular cells in human ascitic fluid. Here, the cluster of cancerous cells shows ... Caption: Cancer cells in ascitic fluid. Light micrograph of cancerous (malignant) glandular cells in human ascitic fluid. Here ... Found in ascitic fluid (body cavity fluid), these cells may have originated from a diseased organ such as the liver or an ovary ...
more infohttp://www.sciencephoto.com/media/253913/view

MESOTHELIOMA OF THE PERITONEUM: A CASE REPORT IN WHICH THE ASCITIC FLUID CONTAINED HYALURONIC ACID* | Annals of Internal...MESOTHELIOMA OF THE PERITONEUM: A CASE REPORT IN WHICH THE ASCITIC FLUID CONTAINED HYALURONIC ACID* | Annals of Internal...

Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion Annals of Internal Medicine; 91 (2): 318-319 ... DVOSKIN S. MESOTHELIOMA OF THE PERITONEUM: A CASE REPORT IN WHICH THE ASCITIC FLUID CONTAINED HYALURONIC ACID1. Ann Intern Med ... MESOTHELIOMA OF THE PERITONEUM: A CASE REPORT IN WHICH THE ASCITIC FLUID CONTAINED HYALURONIC ACID1 SAMUEL DVOSKIN ... Comparison of Chemical Composition of Peritoneal Fluid and Serum: A Method for Monitoring Dialysis Patients and a Tool for ...
more infohttps://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/675565/mesothelioma-peritoneum-case-report-which-ascitic-fluid-contained-hyaluronic-acid

A Putative New Growth Factor in Ascitic Fluid from Ovarian Cancer Patients: Identification, Characterization, and Mechanism of...A Putative New Growth Factor in Ascitic Fluid from Ovarian Cancer Patients: Identification, Characterization, and Mechanism of...

Ascitic fluid from ovarian cancer patients (n = 16), but not from patients with other cancers or with benign diseases, contains ... The ascitic fluid growth factor(s) appears to signal cells through binding and activation of specific, saturable, high-affinity ... Therefore, ascitic fluid appears to contain one or more previously unidentified growth factors which activate ovarian cancer ... A Putative New Growth Factor in Ascitic Fluid from Ovarian Cancer Patients: Identification, Characterization, and Mechanism of ...
more infohttp://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/48/5/1066

The Role of Serum Procalcitonin Levels in Predicting Ascitic Fluid Infection in Hospitalized Cirrhotic and Non-cirrhotic...The Role of Serum Procalcitonin Levels in Predicting Ascitic Fluid Infection in Hospitalized Cirrhotic and Non-cirrhotic...

Keywords: Procalcitonin, ascitic fluid infection, hospitalized patients, cirrhosis, malignancy, cut-off value. ... The Role of Serum Procalcitonin Levels in Predicting Ascitic Fluid Infection in Hospitalized Cirrhotic and Non-cirrhotic ... The Role of Serum Procalcitonin Levels in Predicting Ascitic Fluid Infection in Hospitalized Cirrhotic and Non-cirrhotic ... procalcitonin levels were determined to be significantly higher in patients with positive bacterial culture in ascitic fluid ...
more infohttp://www.medsci.org/v10p1367

Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese patients with cirrhosis, BMC...Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese patients with cirrhosis, BMC...

"Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese patients with cirrhosis, BMC ... found that Enteroccocci were iso- cells/μL, (b) ascitic fluid culture was positive; (c) there lated in 24% of ascitic fluid ... found that Enteroccocci were iso- cells/μL, (b) ascitic fluid culture was positive; (c) there lated in 24% of ascitic fluid ... the ascitic fluid PMN count , 250 spread of multi-drug resistant bacteria such as cells/μL, (b) ascitic fluid culture was ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/clinical-and-bacteriological-features-and-prognosis-of-ascitic-fluid-Br0evneE14

Comparison of Ascitic Fluid Protein Levels in Cirrhotic Patients With and Without Spontaneous Bacterial PeritonitisComparison of Ascitic Fluid Protein Levels in Cirrhotic Patients With and Without Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis

By admin 2005 Ascitic Fluid Protein, Cirrhotic Patients, Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis 0 Comments ... Comparison of Ascitic Fluid Protein Levels in Cirrhotic Patients With and Without Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Muhammad ... Comparison of Ascitic Fluid Protein Levels in Cirrhotic Patients With and Without Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis. ...
more infohttp://proceedings-szh.com/index.php/2016/04/18/comparison-of-ascitic-fluid-protein-levels-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-and-without-spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis/

Ascitic fluid synonyms, Ascitic fluid antonyms - FreeThesaurus.comAscitic fluid synonyms, Ascitic fluid antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com

Antonyms for Ascitic fluid. 1 word related to ascites: pathology. What are synonyms for Ascitic fluid? ... Ascitic fluid synonyms, Ascitic fluid antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Ascitic+fluid ... During 2 months of hospital stay, 30 L of chylous pleural fluid and 3 L chylous ascitic fluid were aspirated.. A case of ... Ascitic fluid analysis in malignancyrelated ascites.. Detection of Malignancy in Body Fluids: A Comparison of the Hematology ...
more infohttps://www.freethesaurus.com/Ascitic+fluid

Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis<...Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis<...

Agostoni A, Marasini B, Bergamaschini L. Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. La Ricerca in Clinica e in ... Agostoni, A. ; Marasini, B. ; Bergamaschini, L. / Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. In: La Ricerca in ... Agostoni, A., Marasini, B., & Bergamaschini, L. (1978). Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. La Ricerca in ... Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. / Agostoni, A.; Marasini, B.; Bergamaschini, L. ...
more infohttps://moh-it.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/protein-composition-of-ascitic-fluid-in-liver-cirrhosis

Medicowesome: Volume of ascitic fluid, abdominal assessment in ascites and my viva incidentMedicowesome: Volume of ascitic fluid, abdominal assessment in ascites and my viva incident

What volume of ascitic fluid are the following tests positive: Puddle sign, Shifting dullness, Fluid thrill? ... He tells me that puddle sign has very little sensitivity, so it may not be produced, irrespective of the ascitic fluid volume. ... Volume of ascitic fluid, abdominal assessment in ascites and my viva incident ... What I found out - Minimum amount of fluid required for detection of ascites by various methods are: ...
more infohttps://www.medicowesome.com/2015/09/volume-of-ascitic-fluid-abdominal.html

Meigs Syndrome: Background, Pathophysiology, EpidemiologyMeigs Syndrome: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology

Nature of the ascitic and pleural fluid. Ascitic fluid and pleural fluid in Meigs syndrome can be either transudative or ... Blockage of these lymphatics prevented accumulation of pleural fluid and caused an increase in ascitic fluid. ... Etiology of ascitic fluid. The pathophysiology of ascites in Meigs syndrome is speculative. Meigs suggested that irritation of ... Efskind and Terada et al theorize that ascitic fluid is transferred via transdiaphragmatic lymphatic channels. The size of the ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/255450-overview

Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context of SBP | MedchromeParacentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context of SBP | Medchrome

Home > Medicine > Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context of SBP. Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context ... Test and Ascitic-Fluid Container. Comments. Albumin. Differential diagnosis of ascites according to the serum ascites albumin ... Ascitic fluid infections. Types. *Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Most common infection in patients with ascites and ... Ascitic fluid infection with positive bacterial culture, neutrophil count ?250/ml and no surgically treatable source of ...
more infohttps://medchrome.com/major/medicine/paracentesis-and-ascitic-fluid-analysis-in-context-of-sbp/?replytocom=158

Fluid | definition of fluid by Medical dictionaryFluid | definition of fluid by Medical dictionary

... fluid explanation free. What is fluid? Meaning of fluid medical term. What does fluid mean? ... Looking for online definition of fluid in the Medical Dictionary? ... ascitic fluid. Clear, pale, straw-colored fluid occurring in ascites. The fluid is normally sterile; its specific gravity is ... Related to fluid: fluid mechanics, fluid dynamics, Fluid retention, Newtonian fluid. flu·id. (flūid), 1. A nonsolid substance ...
more infohttp://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/fluid

Outcomes in culture positive and culture negative ascitic fluid infection in patients with viral cirrhosis: cohort study | BMC...Outcomes in culture positive and culture negative ascitic fluid infection in patients with viral cirrhosis: cohort study | BMC...

Ascitic fluid infection (AFI) in cirrhotic patients has a high morbidity and mortality. It has two variants namely, spontaneous ... culturing ascitic fluid as if it were blood (with bedside inoculation of ascitic fluid into blood culture bottles) has been ... studied 32 patients with a positive ascitic fluid culture and 17 patients with a negative ascitic fluid culture, with their ... shown to increase the culture-positivity of the ascitic fluid of patients with an ascitic fluid PMN count ,250 cells/mm3 (in ...
more infohttps://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-230X-8-59
  • The authors constructed a model from very low-cost and easily accessible materials, such as commercial dummy plus wooden and plastic supports to represent the abdomen, synthetic leather fabric for the skin, upholstered sponge coated with plastic film to represent the abdominal wall and procedure gloves with water mixed with paint to simulate the ascitic fluid and other abdominal structures. (revistaarquivosdegastro.com.br)
  • During 2 months of hospital stay, 30 L of chylous pleural fluid and 3 L chylous ascitic fluid were aspirated. (freethesaurus.com)
  • The pleural fluid may be located on the left side or may be bilateral. (medscape.com)
  • Blockage of these lymphatics prevented accumulation of pleural fluid and caused an increase in ascitic fluid. (medscape.com)
  • Ascitic fluid and pleural fluid in Meigs syndrome can be either transudative or exudative. (medscape.com)
  • Does inoculating infected pleural fluid into blood culture bottles at the bedside improve the culture positivity of pleural infection? (bmj.com)
  • Blood culture bottle culture of pleural fluid improves culture positivity of pleural infection when used in addition to standard laboratory culture. (bmj.com)
  • This study demonstrates how the increase in microbiological yield from bottle culture of pleural fluid is not simply the result of repeating the culture process, it is not 'oversensitive' and culture positivity is maintained even with smaller inoculum volumes. (bmj.com)
  • Identification of the infecting bacteria by culture of pleural fluid is important for clinical care. (bmj.com)
  • Inoculating pleural fluid into blood culture bottles at the bedside can potentially improve the yield of pleural fluid culture. (bmj.com)
  • This study assesses whether inoculating possibly infected pleural fluid into aerobic and anaerobic blood culture bottles identifies more bacteria than simply repeating standard laboratory culture (the control intervention). (bmj.com)
  • It also assesses the optimum volume of pleural fluid inoculum to be used in this approach. (bmj.com)
  • Higher ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) count and hepatocellular carcinoma were independent risk factors for BA episode progressing to SBP. (deepdyve.com)
  • These observations signify that the chylous ascitic fluid neither leaked from nor had access to thoracic duct lymph but originated instead from obstructed mesenteric lacteals. (biomedsearch.com)
  • He tells me that puddle sign has very little sensitivity, so it may not be produced, irrespective of the ascitic fluid volume. (medicowesome.com)
  • The Culture and Sensitivity Ascitic Fluid test diagnoses the cause of the formation of this fluid. (lybrate.com)
  • Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment, Ascites Luis Rodrigo, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70476. (intechopen.com)
  • amniotic fluid the liquid within the amnion that bathes the developing fetus and protects it from mechanical injury. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Samples of amniotic fluid may be collected by amniocentesis to identify fetal chromosomal abnormalities, state of health, and maturity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • therefore, emergency amnioreduction was performed, and 2,000 mL of amniotic fluid was drained during tocolysis. (hindawi.com)
  • It results from a tear of unknown etiology in the amnion, which allows amniotic fluid and fetal parts to escape from the amnion into the chorion. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In addition to providing the fetus with physical protection, the amniotic fluid is a medium of active chemical exchange. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Amniotic fluid itself is clear, although desquamated fetal cells and lipids give it a cloudy appearance. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The volume of amniotic fluid at full term is usually about 1 litre. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Concentration of antibodies in ascitic fluid was determined by the method of M. (freethesaurus.com)
  • In unconcentrated ascitic fluid, the concentration of individual proteins varied between 13% (α 2 -macroglobulin) and 26.7% (orosomucoid) of the serum concentration. (elsevier.com)
  • Add heparin (at a final concentration of 5 U/mL of fluid) or sodium citrate as an anticoagulant. (edu.au)
  • Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese. (deepdyve.com)
  • Those with clinical features of ascitic fluid infection have similar morbidity/mortality to those with SBP. (medchrome.com)
  • Materials and Methods: Papanicolaou smears of ascitic fluid paracentesis samples received over one calendar year were reviewed retrospectively by an expert in cytopathology blinded to the final clinical and/or histopathological diagnoses. (elsevier.com)
  • All patients were subjected to full history taking, thorough clinical examination, routine laboratory investigation, ultrasonography and ascitic fluid sampling. (who.int)
  • 12-16 In other clinical settings, inoculation of peritoneal dialysate, 14 17-19 peritoneal fluid 20-22 and synovial fluid 14 23 24 into culture bottles has been shown to be clinically useful. (bmj.com)
  • Intra-operative findings included very thin subcutaneous tissue, 300 ml of ascitic fluid , collateral blood vessels involving the omentum and rectus muscle. (freethesaurus.com)
  • 2 a body fluid, either intracellular or extracellular, involved in the transport of electrolytes and other vital chemicals to, through, and from tissue cells. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • While direct action of excessive gonadotropins on ovarian tissue accounts for the ovarian enlargement, none of the hitherto reported studies have identified the cause of the third space fluid-shifting phenomenon. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The device is capable of monitoring certain critical fluid properties of interest, such as oxygen gases and carbon dioxide gases in the wall tissue itself of the patient's organ, rather than monitoring such properties in a lumen of the organ. (google.com)
  • In their discussion, they state that extracorporeal ultrafiltration devices for the reinfusion of ascitic fluid have not been associated with laboratory evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation. (annals.org)
  • VIALLET A, VILLENEUVE J. Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion. (annals.org)
  • This Study was carried out in Khartoum State during a period from (March to June 2005).It aimed to study cellular patterns in ascitic fluid using three cytological stains (Papanicolaou, Harris haematoxylin and eosin, and may Grun wald-Giemsa Stain). (sustech.edu)
  • studies showed that gram-negative bacteria, mainly Bacteriology laboratory files and patient characteristics Enterobacteriaceae, were major causative organisms of were reviewed to identify all cases with positive ascitic fluid infection [3, (deepdyve.com)
  • AmpC-positive organisms were also isolated from pus, urine, sputum, CSF and ascitic fluid (table 3). (freethesaurus.com)
  • Subsequent to the prostate biopsy, 3 of 5 urine cultures, 1 of 3 sputum cultures, and the ascitic fluid culture returned as positive for pan-sensitive MTB. (freethesaurus.com)
  • I knew at the back of my head that puddles sign can be elicited with 100 ml fluid so with confidence, I added, "But it must be positive because in my patient, shifting dullness and fluid thrill is positive. (medicowesome.com)
  • The moribund fish showed haemorrhage in all internal organs, and pure cultures could be obtained from the abdominal fluid. (int-res.com)
  • [ 6 ] Computed tomography (CT) or ultrasonography (US) demonstrates the fluid and delineates the pancreatic anatomy. (medscape.com)
  • Light micrograph of cancerous (malignant) glandular cells in human ascitic fluid. (sciencephoto.com)
  • We show that the M-CSCs tether more and roll slower than the non-metastatic (NM)-CSCs, thus resulting in the preferential binding to the peritoneal mesothelium under ascitic fluid shear stress. (elsevier.com)
  • Peritoneal fluid concentrations of eotaxin were significantly higher in women with moderate or severe endometriosis than in women with minimal or mild endometriosis or no disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Strikingly, the level of anti-GD1a-IgM is significantly higher in ascitic fluid and plasma of patients than in the plasma of healthy volunteers. (curehunter.com)