A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5)
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.
The serous fluid of ASCITES, the accumulation of fluids in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.
Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
A procedure in which fluid is withdrawn from a body cavity or organ via a trocar and cannula, needle, or other hollow instrument.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Mitogenic peptide growth hormone carried in the alpha-granules of platelets. It is released when platelets adhere to traumatized tissues. Connective tissue cells near the traumatized region respond by initiating the process of replication.
A 6-kDa polypeptide growth factor initially discovered in mouse submaxillary glands. Human epidermal growth factor was originally isolated from urine based on its ability to inhibit gastric secretion and called urogastrone. Epidermal growth factor exerts a wide variety of biological effects including the promotion of proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal and EPITHELIAL CELLS. It is synthesized as a transmembrane protein which can be cleaved to release a soluble active form.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Signal molecules that are involved in the control of cell growth and differentiation.
A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF-related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA; AMPHIREGULIN; and HEPARIN-BINDING EGF-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.
A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA occurring mainly in adolescents and young adults, affecting muscles of the extremities, trunk, orbital region, etc. It is extremely malignant, metastasizing widely at an early stage. Few cures have been achieved and the prognosis is poor. "Alveolar" refers to its microscopic appearance simulating the cells of the respiratory alveolus. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)
A malignant solid tumor arising from mesenchymal tissues which normally differentiate to form striated muscle. It can occur in a wide variety of sites. It is divided into four distinct types: pleomorphic, predominantly in male adults; alveolar (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, ALVEOLAR), mainly in adolescents and young adults; embryonal (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, EMBRYONAL), predominantly in infants and children; and botryoidal, also in young children. It is one of the most frequently occurring soft tissue sarcomas and the most common in children under 15. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2186; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1647-9)
A form of RHABDOMYOSARCOMA arising primarily in the head and neck, especially the orbit, of children below the age of 10. The cells are smaller than those of other rhabdomyosarcomas and are of two basic cell types: spindle cells and round cells. This cancer is highly sensitive to chemotherapy and has a high cure rate with multi-modality therapy. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2188)
A family of transcription factors that control EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT within a variety of cell lineages. They are characterized by a highly conserved paired DNA-binding domain that was first identified in DROSOPHILA segmentation genes.
Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)
A paired box transcription factor that is involved in EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM and SKELETAL MUSCLE.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
High-molecular-weight insoluble polymers that contain functional cationic groups capable of undergoing exchange reactions with anions.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A country of eastern Europe, formerly the province of Bosnia in Yugoslavia, uniting with the province of Herzegovina to form the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1946. It was created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United States as an independent state. Bosnia takes is name from the river Bosna, in turn from the Indoeuropean root bhog, "current"; Herzegovina is from the Serbian herceg (duke) + -ov (the possessive) + -ina (country or territory).

Development of a sensitive, specific reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction-based assay for epithelial tumour cells in effusions. (1/1795)

We developed a sensitive and specific method for the detection of epithelial cancer cells in effusions with a two-stage molecular-based assay which combined enrichment for cancer cells by immunomagnetic bead selection and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) detection of epithelial glycoprotein 2 (EGP-2) RNA. Preliminary experiments indicated that immunobead selection was essential to avoid occasional false-positive RT-PCR results, and this method detected ten breast cancer cells electively added to 10(7) cytologically negative effusion cells. We studied 110 cases of pleural (n = 68) and peritoneal (n = 42) effusions (30 from patients with known carcinoma and 80 from those without known carcinoma), and the results were compared with cytological findings. Of 18 effusions that were cytologically positive or suspicious for malignant cells, 17 (94%) were positive for EGP-2 RNA (the one negative sample was from a patient who recently received combination chemotherapy). Of 92 cytologically negative samples, 11 (12%) were positive for EGP-2, including six patients with a history of previous or current carcinoma. Our method appears to be highly specific and increases the sensitivity of detection of malignant cells; it may be a useful adjunct to routine cytopathological examination.  (+info)

Peritoneal cytology in the surgical evaluation of gastric carcinoma. (2/1795)

Many patients undergoing surgery for gastric carcinoma will develop peritoneal metastases. A method to identify those patients at risk of peritoneal recurrence would help in the selection of patients for adjuvant therapy. Peritoneal cytology has received little attention in the West, but may prove a useful additional means of evaluating patients with gastric cancer. The aims of this study were to evaluate sampling techniques for peritoneal cytology in patients with gastric cancer, to assess the prognostic significance of free peritoneal malignant cells and to discover the effect of the operative procedure on dissemination of malignant cells. The study is based on 85 consecutive patients undergoing surgical treatment of gastric cancer and followed up for 2 years or until death. Peritoneal cytology samples were collected at laparoscopy, and at operation prior to resection by intraperitoneal lavage and serosal brushings. After resection, samples were taken by peritoneal lavage, imprint cytology of the resected specimen and post-operatively by peritoneal irrigation via a percutaneous catheter. Malignant cells were diagnosed by two independent microscopists. Preoperative peritoneal lavage yielded malignant cells in 16 out of 85 cases (19%). The yield of free malignant cells was increased by using serosal brushings (by four cases) and imprint cytology (by two cases); all of the cases had evidence of serosal penetration. One serosa-negative case exhibited positive cytology in the post-resection peritoneal specimen in which the preresection cytology specimen was negative. Survival was worse in the cytology-positive group (chi2 = 25.1; P< 0.0001). Among serosa-positive patients, survival was significantly reduced if cytology was positive, if cases yielded by brushings and imprint cytology were included (log-rank test = 8.44; 1 df, P = 0.004). In conclusion, free peritoneal malignant cells can be identified in patients with gastric cancer who have a poor prognosis; the yield can be increased with brushings and imprint cytology in addition to conventional peritoneal lavage. Evaluation of peritoneal cytology by these methods may have a role in the selection of patients with the poorest prognosis who may benefit most from adjuvant therapy.  (+info)

Immunocytochemically detected free peritoneal tumour cells (FPTC) are a strong prognostic factor in gastric carcinoma. (3/1795)

We prospectively investigated the prognostic significance of free peritoneal tumour cells (FPTC) in a series of 118 patients with completely resected gastric carcinoma. Immunocytochemistry with the monoclonal antibody Ber-Ep4 was performed on cytospins from intraoperative peritoneal lavage specimens. Twenty-three patients (20%) had FPTC which was significantly correlated with pT and pN categories, stage, tumour size, lymphatic invasion, Lauren and WHO classifications and perigastric adipose tissue metastases. The median survival time for all FPTC positive compared with negative patients was significantly shorter (11 compared with >72 months), with estimated 5-year survival rates of 8% vs. 60%. None of the patients with FPTC had an early gastric cancer. In advanced tumour subgroups without and with serosal invasion (n = 59 and 35), there were 19% and 34% with FPTC. Multivariate survival analysis showed nodal status, FPTC, mesenteric lymphangiosis, and lymph node metastasis to the compartment III to be independent prognostic factors with relative risks of 6.6, 4.5, 2.9 and 2.2 respectively. Recurrent disease occurred in 91% of FPTC-positive and in 38% of FPTC-negative patients. FPTC had a positive predictive value of 91% and a specificity of 97% for tumour recurrence. FPTC is a strong negative, independent prognostic indicator for survival in gastric carcinoma.  (+info)

Paracrine changes in the peritoneal environment of women with endometriosis. (4/1795)

During the past decade, macrophage-derived substances such as prostanoids, cytokines, growth factors and angiogenic factors have been detected in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis. In particular, growth-promoting and angiogenic factors are considered to be substantially involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. In this study, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), substances recently detected in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis, were assessed with regard to their concentrations in different stages of endometriosis and changes of the peritoneal paracrine activity after medical treatment with a gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa). Peritoneal fluid was obtained from patients with endometriosis during laparoscopy before and after a 4-month treatment with a GnRHa. VEGF, TGF-beta and ICAM-1 could be detected in all women presenting with various stages of active endometriosis. After GnRHa therapy, all patients showed significant decreases in mean concentrations of VEGF (194+/-77 pg/ml), TGF-beta (902+/-273 pg/ml) and ICAM-1 (157+/-52 ng/ml). Patients with stage III and IV endometriosis (according to the rAFS score) had much higher concentrations of VEGF and TGF-beta before treatment compared with those patients with mild endometriosis (rAFS stages I and II). The most striking decrease in concentration was for TGF-beta, from 902 pg/ml before to 273 pg/ml after therapy. These results indicate an important role for paracrine activity in the establishment and maintenance of endometriosis. Indeed, treatment with a GnRHa may reduce paracrine activity in the peritoneal cavity via hypo-oestrogenism and provide proof of successful therapy.  (+info)

Tracing cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in endometriosis. (5/1795)

The aetiology and pathogenesis of endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrium-like tissue outside the uterine cavity, is largely unknown. In this paper we present and discuss possibilities to study the putative pathogenic properties of endometriotic cells in vitro. The current focus of our investigations is on the invasive phenotype of the disease, assuming that this might contribute to the pathogenesis of endometriosis. So far, we have shown that: (i) cytokeratin-positive and E-cadherin-negative endometriotic cells have an invasive phenotype in a collagen invasion assay in vitro similar to metastatic carcinoma cells; (ii) the invasiveness of endometriotic but not of eutopic endometrial cells can be stimulated by a heat-stable protein present in peritoneal fluid; and (iii) the endometriotic cell line EEC145T, which we established, may be a useful tool for the identification of gene products which are, positively or negatively, invasion-related. Finally, our studies suggest that the invasive phenotype in endometriosis shares aspects with tumour metastasis, but might also have unique mechanisms.  (+info)

Endometriotic disease: the role of peritoneal fluid. (6/1795)

Peritoneal fluid and the intraovarian milieu are a specific microenvironment. Peritoneal fluid originates mainly as an ovarian exudation product caused by increased vascular permeability, with cyclic variation in volume and steroid hormones which are always higher than in plasma. It contains large amounts of macrophages and their secretion products, and has a large exchange area with plasma through the peritoneum, which is highly permeable for small molecules. Diffusion becomes virtually zero for molecules with a molecular weight of >100000 Da. In women with the luteinized unruptured follicle (LUF) syndrome, concentrations of oestrogens and progesterone are much lower in the luteal phase. Endometriosis is associated with sterile low-grade inflammation, increased concentrations of activated macrophages and many of their secretions, such as cytokines, growth factors and angiogenic factors. Concentrations of CA-125 and of glycodelins are also increased, secreted locally by the endometrial cells. Natural killer (NK) cell function declines, possibly mediated by glycodelins or local intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) -1 shedding. The ovary is also a specific microenvironment, with steroid hormone concentrations 1000-fold higher in follicles than in plasma. Endometrial and superficially implanted cells are influenced by peritoneal fluid concentrations so that local environment, rather than inherent cellular differences could explain differences between superficial endometriosis and eutopic endometrium. Differences between superficial implants and endometriotic disease, deep infiltrating or cystic ovarian endometriosis, may thus arise via different endocrine environments. Superficial endometrial implants are regulated by peritoneal fluid factors, whereas deep endometriosis and cystic ovarian endometriosis are influenced by blood or ovarian factors. The endometriotic disease theory considers superficial endometriotic implants and their remodelling as a physiological process in most women, and concentrates on the causes of severe endometriosis such as differences in the eutopic endometrium from women with and without endometriosis (which may indicate hereditary differences), the invasiveness of some endometriotic cells in vitro, focal 'shielding' of endometriotic foci by adhesions, and inhibition of NK activity by ICAM-1 and glycodelins. Endometriotic disease is thus seen as a benign tumour. The type of cellular lesion, hereditary and immunological environments and local hormone concentrations in the ovary and in peritoneal fluid, will decide expression as cystic ovarian endometriosis, deep endometriosis or adenomyosis externa, and whether the latter is associated with adhesions.  (+info)

2-Deoxyglucose selectively inhibits Fc and complement receptor-mediated phagocytosis in mouse peritoneal macrophages II. Dissociation of the inhibitory effects of 2-deoxyglucose on phagocytosis and ATP generation. (7/1795)

Macrophages incubated in 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-dG)-containing medium showed a marked decrease in cellular ATP content, and were unable to ingest IgG- and complement-coated erythrocytes via the corresponding membrane receptors for these ligands. However, the inhibitory effects of 2-dG on Fc- and C3 receptor-mediated phagocytosis were not a consequence of lowered macrophage ATP levels since addition of glucose or mannose to the culture medium restored the capacity of the macrophages to ingest IgG- and C3-coated particles without increasing ATP levels. These results indicate that Fc- and C3 receptor-mediated phagocytosis (opsonin dependent) differs qualitatively from the ingestion of latex and zymosan particles (opsonin independent); they suggest that the same regulatory molecules govern the responses of phagocytic cells to signals initiated by both the Fc and C3 receptors. The possibility that these molecules are regulated by glycosylation is discussed.  (+info)

The requirement of an adherent cell substratum for the growth of developing plasmacytoma cells in vivo. (8/1795)

The intraperitoneal injection of pristane (2,6,10,14-tetramethylpentadecane) produces an environment conductive to primary plasmacytoma growth in as few as 3 days. After pristane injection, the total free peritoneal cell population increases from a normal value of 1.55 X 10(6) to 5.28 X 10(6) and remains at this elevated level for at least 50 days. The adherent peritoneal cell population, composed of both mononuclear cells and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, is the primary source of this increase. In the pristane-conditioned peritoneum, these cells rapidly form a chronic granuloma on the peritoneal connective tissues. Daily subcutaneous treatment of mice with 0.5 mg of hydrocortisone beginning simultaneously with pristane injection prevents the increase in the peritoneal cell population, granuloma formation, d the production of a conditoned environment. In mice treated with hydrocortisone beginning 3 days after pristane injection, however, neither the peritoneal cell increase nor the production of a conditioned environment is prevented. The intraperitoneal injection of thioglycolate medium at 4-day intervals produces an elevation of the free adherent peritoneal cell population similar to pristane, but does not produce a granuloma or a conditioned environment. The intraperitoneal transfer of thioglycolate-induced adherent peritonel cells to mice treated with pristane and hydrocortisone simultaneously restores the production of a conditioned environment. These findings indicate that the adherent peritoneal cell population is responsible for the conditioning effect, and that the establishment of a resident population of these cells is necessary to produce conditioning.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Signal requirements for lymphocyte activation. T2 - Role of a T-cell growth factor produced by guinea pig peritoneal exudate lymphocytes. AU - Weinblatt, Anita Corman. AU - Oppenheim, Joost J.. AU - Rosenstreich, David L.. PY - 1982/4. Y1 - 1982/4. N2 - Peritoneal exudate lymphocytes (PEL) from immunized guinea pigs, when pulsed with antigen, rapidly release a T-cell stimulatory factor (TSF). TSF nonspecifically enhances the proliferation of purified guinea pig T cells in the presence of another signal such as PMA, PHA, or Con A. On a per cell basis, antigen-pulsed PEL produce about 14 times more activity than similarly stimulated lymph node lymphocytes. Several lines of evidence support the view that TSF is the guinea pig equivalent of TCGF (IL-2). TSF containing supernatants have IL-2 activity when assayed on the IL-2-dependent CT6 cell line. When TSF containing supernatants were absorbed with CT6 cells, there was a significant decrease of both TSF activity as assessed on ...
Schwartz, R H.; Horton, C L.; and Paul, W E., T-lymphocyte-enriched murine peritoneal exudate cells. IV. Genetic control of cross-stimuation at the t-cell level. (1977). Subject Strain Bibliography 1977. 1668 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recruitment of exogenous macrophages into metastases at different stages of tumor growth. AU - Bugelski, Peter J.. AU - Kirsh, Richard. AU - Buscarino, Charles. AU - Corwin, Steven P.. AU - Poste, George. PY - 1987/4/1. Y1 - 1987/4/1. N2 - The endogenous tumor-associated macrophage content and recruitment of labeled peritoneal exudate cells into experimental murine B16 melanoma metastases has been examined at different stages in the progressive growth of metastatic lesions. The recruitment of thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal exudate cells and peritoneal exudate cells activated in vitro with muramyl dipeptide was studied. Tumor-associated macrophages and labeled peritoneal exudate cells were identified in paraffin sections by specific histochemical staining and their density in individual metastases measured morphometrically. The density of tumor-associated macrophages and exogenously recruited peritoneal exudate cells was high in very small lesions but decreased rapidly as a ...
Definition of Peritoneal exudate with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
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Purpose: This study was performed to investigate the effects of Bojungikgi-Tang on the development of experimentally-induced endometriosis in rats. Methods: Endometriosis was induced in rats by autotransplanting uterine tissue to the peritoneum and we divided the rats into three groups: (1) sham-operated group (n=8), (2) surgically induced endometriosis and untreated control group(n=8), (3) surgically induced endometriosis and Bojungikgi-Tang treated group. Bojungikgi-Tang was orally administrated for 15 days after operation. Then we measured the body weight, the volume of endometriotic implants, the weight of uterus and ovary, and analysed the concentration of cytokines(MCP-1, TNF-|TEX|${\alpha}$|/TEX|, IL-1|TEX|${\beta}$|/TEX|, IL-6) in peritoneal fluids. Histopathology, immunohistochemistry for COX-2 and VEGF, and histochemistry for mast cell in transplanted uterine tissue were also performed. Results: 1. The volume(|TEX|$mm^3$|/TEX|) of endometriotic implants in Bojungikgi-Tang treated group(129|TEX
Mechanisms of T cell-mediated cytotoxicity remain poorly defined at the molecular level. To investigate some of these mechanisms, we used as target cells, on the one hand, thymocytes from lpr and gld mouse mutants, and on the other hand, L1210 cells transfected or not with the apoptosis-inducing Fas molecule. These independent mutant or transfectant-based approaches both led to the conclusion that Fas was involved in the Ca(2+)-independent component of cytotoxicity mediated by at least two sources of T cells, namely nonantigen-specific in vitro activated hybridoma cells, and antigen-specific in vivo raised peritoneal exudate lymphocytes. Thus, in these cases, T cell-mediated cytotoxicity involved transduction via Fas of the target cell death signal. ...
Methods : Uveitis was induced by immunization with either retinal S-Ag peptide PDSAg (monophasic/chronic EAU) or IRBP-peptide R14 (relapsing EAU). Recombinant human IFN-alpha was subcutaneously injected every day or every other day at different doses (1000 or 5000 IU) starting from different time points. Uveitis was graded clinically and histologically. Peritoneal exudate cells (PEC), lymph node (LN) cells and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were investigated for surface markers and cytokine expression by FACS-analysis Results : Preventive treatment with IFN-alpha starting with immunization significantly decreased the primary inflammation as well as relapses of R14-induced EAU, while PDSAg-induced, monophasic disease was deteriorated. Lymph node cells of PDSAg-immunized, IFN-a-treated rats revealed more TCR+ cells expressing IFN-g, IL-17 or both, and less TCR+ cells producing IL-10 compared to the PBS-treated control group. IFN-a treatment decreased cell populations expressing CD161 in ...
The peritoneal cavity is the space in our body which encloses certain vital organs. Here is a Buzzle post that gives you information on its location, the organs it contains, the peritoneal fluid, and some of the diseases associated with it.
Scholarship for undergraduate students attending Millikin University enrolled in Choral Music or Organ. Deadlines and award amounts may vary.. ...
None of the studies were conducted without flaws, and because of the very low certainty in the results, the authors cannot suggest which antibiotic, given alone or in combination to remove the bacteria from ones tummy, is better or worse than other antibiotics in the treatment of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.. The funding source was unclear in 10 studies; industrial organisations funded two studies.. What was studied in the review?. This review studied people, of any sex, age, and origin, with advanced liver disease due to various causes, and who had developed spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. People were administered different antibiotics for the treatment of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. The authors excluded studies with liver transplanted participants and bacterial peritonitis due to other causes. The participants age, when reported, ranged from 42 to 60 years. The number of females, when reported, ranged from 18 to 42 out of 100. The administered antibiotic groups were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The diagnostic and predictive value of ascites nitric oxide levels in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. AU - Garcia-Tsao, Guadalupe. AU - Angulo, Paul. AU - Garcia, Juan Carlos. AU - Groszmann, Roberto J.. AU - Cadelina, Gregory W.. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. N2 - Nitric oxide (NO) is a messenger molecule involved in pathogen suppression. Cirrhosis is characterized by an increased risk for infections, including spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). The role of NO in the infections that develop in cirrhosis has not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of measuring ascites NO in the diagnosis of SBP and/or in determining the predisposition of cirrhotic patients to develop this infection. Nitric oxide metabolites (nitrites + nitrates [NOx]) were measured by chemiluminescence in 105 ascites samples obtained from 87 cirrhotic patients and in 87 simultaneously obtained serum samples. Ascites NO levels were not significantly ...
2Ukranian Anticancer Institute, Laimgrubengasse 19/7. A-1060 Vienna, Austria. Abstract - Ukrain is a semisynthetic compound consisting of alkaloids from Chelidonium majus L. conjugated to thiophosphoric acid. with immunomodulatory and therapeutic properties in cancer patients. The present m vitro studies demonstrate that Ukrain is an effective biological response modifier in that it augmented, by up to 48-fold. the lytic activity of spleen lymphocytes obtained from alloimmunized mice. The lytic activities of IL-2-treated spleen cells and peritoneal exudate lymphocytes were also increased significantly by the addition of Ukrain to the CML assay medium. The highest Ukrain-induced enhancement of spleen lymphocyte lytic activity in vitro was found to occur at 18 days after alloimmunization, was dose dependent and specific for the immunizing P815 tumor cells. Since Ukrain was present only during the CML assays, its mode of action is thought to be via direct activation of the effector cells lytic ...
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is an infection in the peritoneum. It can occur in patients OTHER THAN those with cirrhosis (nephrotic syndrome patients, for example), and has a high mortality. This is where we can actually make a difference - by making the diagnosis early. Every hour of delayed diagnosis (a
Antibiotic prophylaxis for patients with risk factors for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) include: Known history of SBP: Typically prolonged...
Probiotic therapy in conjunction with antimicrobial treatment does not improve efficacy in the treatment of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, as was found in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, rando... more
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: part our commitment to scholarly and academic excellence, all articles receive editorial review.|||... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled.
Acute Market Reports.com has announced the addition of Global Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Market Analysis And Segment Forecasts To 2015 Market Research
TY - JOUR. T1 - Follicular fluid as a favourable environment for endometrial and endometriotic cell growth in vitro. AU - Somigliana, E.. AU - Viganò, P.. AU - La Sala, G. B.. AU - Balasini, M.. AU - Candiani, M.. AU - Incerti, L.. AU - Busacca, M.. AU - Vignali, M.. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. N2 - Follicular fluid from women with endometriosis has been shown to induce a higher endometrial cell proliferation than that derived from women without the disease. To elucidate this issue further, the aims of the present study were to compare the ability of follicular fluid and peritoneal fluid to stimulate both endometrial and endometriotic cell proliferation and to verify whether the mitogenic effect was merely sex steroid-dependent. Endometrial and endometriotic cells were cultured in follicular fluid or peritoneal fluid diluted in serum-free media; the growth induced in these conditions was compared with that obtained by culturing these cells in medium supplemented with charcoal stripped calf serum and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of intraperitoneal vincristine in malignant peritoneal effusion. AU - Bairy, K. L.. AU - Sanath, S.. AU - Jagetia, G. C.. AU - Somayaji, S. N.. AU - Vidyasagar, M. S.. AU - Baliga, M. S.. PY - 2003/1/1. Y1 - 2003/1/1. N2 - The efficacy and safety of intraperitoneal administration of vincristine sulphate was determined in mice bearing Ehrlich ascitic carcinoma. The tumor bearing animals were administered with 0.5 mg/kg body weight (b.wt) of freshly prepared vincristine sulphate intraperitoneally on day 6 after tumor transplantation followed by drug administration once daily 5 days a week consecutively. The observations regarding the survival, alteration in the volume of peritoneal fluid, increase in life span and pathological changes in the liver, kidney, gastrointestinal tract and bone tissues were made. The vincristine sulphate treatment reduced the malignant cell population significantly and there were no significant changes in the histological picture of liver, ...
海词词典,最权威的学习词典,专业出版acute bacterial peritonitis是什么意思,acute bacterial peritonitis的用法,acute bacterial peritonitis翻译和读音等详细讲解。海词词典:学习变容易,记忆很深刻。
Doses provided in this table are for patients with normal renal and hepatic function. Click on drug link to go to dosing guidelines. Some antimicrobials are restricted (ID-R). Click on link for guidelines on obtaining authorization.. ...
Runyon BA, Montano AA, Akriviadis EA, et al. The serum-ascites albumin gradient is superior to the exudate-transudate concept in the differential diagnosis of ascites. Ann Intern Med 1992; 117:215. ...
Read about how three researchers argue that women with endometriosis should not be overly concerned about developing ovarian cancer.
Culture-negative neutrophilic ascites (CNNA) has clinical, prognostic, and therapeutic characteristics similar to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and should be treated in a similar fashion. Patients with monomicrobial non-neutrophilicbacterascites (MNB) typically respond similar to CNNA and SBP if the patient is symptomatic; asymptomatic patients usually do not need antibiotics and observation is appropriate, but consideration of TB should be entertained ...
余白の削除などで一部分だけ印刷したい場合、または画像が薄すぎる、暗すぎる場合は、下の「詳細設定」をお試しください ...
We have also been examining the factors determining host immunity against this parasite. Using targeted mutations that result in the lack of B lymphocytes, we have made the unexpected observation that B lymphocytes appear to play a central role in host defense. Reconstitution of SCID mice with purified peritoneal exudate cells, which are enriched for a certain subset of B lymphocytes known as the B1 B cells, we have demonstrated that this subset of B lymphocytes is able to mediate host protection. This observation opens the door to the identification of parasite derived molecules that may be playing critical role in host community ...
Life-changing endometriosis drug could offer hope to millions of sufferers - A drug that is currently used to treat rare metabolic conditions in children is now being trialled on endometriosis patients.
Objectives: To determine the association between pre hospital use of proton pump inhibitors and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients presenting with liver cirrhosis. Study Design: Case control study. Setting: Department of Gastroenterology at Liaquat National Hospital Karachi. Period: Six months (From 1st - March-2017 to 31st - August-2017). Material and Methods: There were 120 patients with cirrhosis were included in this study. Sixty patients were cases with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and 60 patients were control without spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. All patients were interviewed for pre hospital intake of PPI (as per operational definition). All the data was entered on predesigned proforma (attached). Results: The average age of the patients was 42.47±9.87 years. Rate of PPI use was significantly higher among cases with SBP (46.7%) as compared to the patients without SBP (23.3%). Conclusion: In conclusion, PPI use (acid suppression) was associated with the ...
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the development of a bacterial infection in the peritoneum causing peritonitis, despite the absence of an obvious source for the infection. It occurs almost exclusively in people with portal hypertension (increased pressure over the portal vein), usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver. It can also occur in patients with nephrotic syndrome. The diagnosis of SBP requires paracentesis (aspiration of fluid with a needle) from the abdominal cavity. If the fluid contains bacteria or large numbers of neutrophil granulocytes (>250 cells/µL) (a type of white blood cells), infection is confirmed and antibiotics are required to avoid complications. In addition to antibiotics, infusions of albumin are usually administered. Signs and symptoms of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis include fevers, chills, nausea, vomiting, abdominal tenderness, and general malaise. Affected individuals may complain of abdominal pain and worsening ascites. Thirteen percent of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Influence of genetic variations in the SOD1 gene on the development of ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in decompensated liver cirrhosis. AU - Schwab, Sebastian. AU - Lehmann, Jennifer. AU - Lutz, Philipp. AU - Jansen, Christian. AU - Appenrodt, Beate. AU - Lammert, Frank. AU - Strassburg, Christian P. AU - Spengler, Ulrich. AU - Nischalke, Hans Dieter. AU - Trebicka, Jonel. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - BACKGROUND: The balance between generation and elimination of reactive oxygen species by superoxide dismutase (SOD) is crucially involved in the pathophysiology of liver cirrhosis. Reactive oxygen species damage cells and induce inflammation/fibrosis, but also play a critical role in immune defense from pathogens. As both processes are involved in the development of liver cirrhosis and its complications, genetic variation of the SOD1 gene was investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two SOD1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1041740 and rs3844942) were analyzed in 49 ...
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is an acute bacterial infection of ascitic fluid. Generally, no source of the infecting agent is easily identifiable, but contamination of dialysate can cause the condition among those receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD).
The aim of this prospective double-blind study was to evaluate the value of long-term antibiotic prophylaxis using ciprofloxacin for the prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in 60 cirrhotic patients with low ascitic fluid protein levels (| 15 g/L). The patients were assigned to t …
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of immunochemistry in serous effusions.STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed cell blocks of 18 pleural and 18 peritoneal effusions diagnosed as malignant (18), benign (14) and suspicious (4). They were immunostained by the avidin-biotin complex method with a panel of four monoclonal antibodies-CEA, Ber-EP4, LeuM1 (CD15) and r53-and for lectins (Ulex europaeus) UEA-1, ConA and ConBr. RESULTS: Seventeen of the 18 cases of adenocarcinoma were positive for CEA (95%), 12 (66.6%)for Bev-EP4, 11 (61 %)for CD15 nild 11 (62 %)for p53. Twelve of the 18 (66.6%) were positive for UEA-1, CEA, Ber-EP4 and CD15. UEA-1 did not react with mesothelial cells. p53 Gave a positive reaction in only one case, reactive mesothelial cells. ConA and ConBr reacted indiscriminately with benign and malignant cells; thus, it was not useful in distinguishing between these cells.CONCLUSION: In this context no antibody used alone is reliable for corroborating a diagnosis, but the selective use of a small panel ...
In this course you will learn to differentiate spontaneous bacterial peritonitis from secondary bacterial peritonitis. You will also learn to select and utilize appropriate antimicrobial therapy for patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. ...
E. M Gorman, Villarroel, A., Tornquist, S. J., Flachsbart, J., Warden, A., and Boeder, L., Comparison between manual and automated total nucleated cell counts using the ADVIA 120 for pleural and peritoneal fluid samples from dogs, cats, horses, and alpacas., Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 388-91, 2009. ...
E. M Gorman, Villarroel, A., Tornquist, S. J., Flachsbart, J., Warden, A., and Boeder, L., Comparison between manual and automated total nucleated cell counts using the ADVIA 120 for pleural and peritoneal fluid samples from dogs, cats, horses, and alpacas., Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 388-91, 2009. ...
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Principal Investigator:INAGAKI Yoshinori, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1997, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Digestive surgery
ICD-10 A18.31 is tuberculous peritonitis (A1831). This code is grouped under diagnosis codes for certain infectious and parasitic diseases.
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous fungal peritonitis (SFP) is an infection of ascitic fluid occurring in cirrhotic patients. SFP prevalence varies from 0% to 41% of patients with spontaneous peritonitis (SP) and a positive ascitic fluid culture. Cirrhotic patients with SFP who fail to show improvement with empirical antibiotic therapy, before the identification of the fungal pathogen, have high mortality (89.5-100%). Although the weight of the disease is so dramatic, more recent guidelines on infections in cirrhosis do not consider SFP management. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association between hospitalization (at least 48-72 hours after admission) and risk of SFP ...
during surgery. The signs and symptoms of peritonitis include: Swelling and tenderness in the abdomen with pain ranging from dull aches to severe, sharp pain. Other symptoms include-Fever and chills, Loss of appetite, Thirst, Nausea and vomiting, Less urine and Not being able to pass gas or stool.. Peritonitis may be classed as primary peritonitis (e.g. spontaneous peritonitis) or secondary peritonitis.. Primary peritonitis is a diffuse bacterial infection without loss of integrity of the gastrointestinal tract. It is rare. It mainly occurs in infancy and early childhood and in cirrhotic patients. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a frequent and severe complication in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. SBP is a bacterial infection that occurs in the absence of an evident intra-abdominal and surgically treatable source of infection, such as the perforation or inflammation of intra-abdominal organs. Although the precise mechanism(s) underlying the development of SBP have not been fully ...
Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disorder. This disease affects approximately 10% of reproductive-aged women and 20% to 50% of infertile women. Molecular…
Bacterial peritonitis is an abdominal infection that involves the peritoneum. The infection requires hospitalization and antibiotic treatment.
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A monitor to provide substantially real-time estimates of fluid absorption rate and tissue loss rate in a patient during a surgical procedure. The monitor estimates fluid source flow rates and waste fluid flow rates based on weight changes per unit time or direct reading fluid flow rate meters. Tissue loss flow rates are estimated based on tissue concentration measurable in waste irrigation fluid using an optical comparator, and are used to correct waste fluid flow rates. Correct waste fluid flow rates are used in turn to obtain estimated fluid absorption rates.
pT47: cancer out into or onto pleural surface with intra-pleural skip foci beyond direct extension; through & out on the free pleural surface implys the set-up for an incipient [T08-54] malignant effusion (pT4) ...but is it the same (6th ed. AJCC has a clinical malignant effusion as cT4)? AJCC 6th not clear on this for chest7 but is clear that its pT4 for colon cancer in abdomen. But, the pleura can be pulled down into the tumor and invasively penetrated (pT2) & sealed off down in this interior closed space with no call for adjuvant radiation [LMC-07-3392] but may, therefore, call for chemotherapy ...
Condition Imaging Findings Comments Bacterial pneumonia Staphylococcus(Fig C 1-1) Rapid development of extensive alveolar infiltrates, usually involving a whole lobe or even several lobes. Air bronchograms are infrequent because the acute inflammatory exudate fills the airways, leading to segmental collapse and a loss of volume. Most frequently occurs in children, especially during the first…
Cytotoxic effects of MWCNTs-COOH and MWCNTs-PEG on macrophages.(A) RAW 264.7 cells and (B) primary rat peritoneal macrophages were incubated with or without ind
Learn Body cavities diagram facts using a simple interactive process (flashcard, matching, or multiple choice). Finally a format that helps you memorize and understand. Browse or search in thousands of pages or create your own page using a simple wizard. No signup required!
Pleural or ascitic fluid should be sent for analysis. An elevated amylase level, usually > 1,000 IU/L, with protein levels over ... Loss of a small volume of fluid will not cause a problem but an acidosis is common if the volume of pancreatic fluid lost from ... Loss of bicarbonate-rich pancreatic fluid via a pancreatic fistula can result in a hyperchloraemic or normal anion gap ... ISBN 0-7216-2082-5 Dugernier T, Laterre PF, Reynaert MS (2000). "Ascites fluid in severe acute pancreatitis: from ...
Runyon BA (1986). "Low-protein-concentration ascitic fluid is predisposed to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis". ... Norfloxacin is used for prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients who have a low ascites fluid ...
Diagnostic value in ascitic fluid and serum". Tuberculosis. 71 (2): 121-126. doi:10.1016/0041-3879(90)90007-U. Apollo Hospital ...
This phenomenon is the result of Starling's forces between the fluid of the circulatory system and ascitic fluid. Under normal ... The formula is as follows: SAAG = (serum albumin) − (albumin level of ascitic fluid). Ideally, the two values should be ... The SAAG may be a better discriminant than the older method of classifying ascites fluid as a transudate versus exudate. ... The increase in hydrostatic pressure causes more fluid to leave the circulation into the peritoneal space (ascites). The SAAG ...
Grade 3: directly visible, confirmed with the fluid wave/thrill test. Pathophysiology[edit]. Ascitic fluid can accumulate as a ... "fluid thrill" or "fluid wave" (tapping or pushing on one side will generate a wave-like effect through the fluid that can be ... Ascites is the abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen.[1] Technically, it is more than 25 mL of fluid in the peritoneal ... Additionally, the sonographer can make an estimation of the amount of ascitic fluid, and difficult-to-drain ascites may be ...
"Cytology of ascitic fluid in a patient with metastasizing malignant Brenner tumor of the ovary. A case report". Acta Cytologica ... with the fluid-filled spaces Call-Exner bodies between the granulosa cells. Transitional cell carcinoma is an even rarer entity ...
Maeda H, Matsumura Y, Kato H (Nov 1988). "Purification and identification of [hydroxyprolyl3]bradykinin in ascitic fluid from a ...
"Cytology of ascitic fluid in a patient with metastasizing malignant Brenner tumor of the ovary. A case report". Acta Cytologica ... Call-Exner bodies, giving a follicle-like appearance, are small eosinophilic fluid-filled punched out spaces between granulosa ...
It is specifically an infection of the ascitic fluid - an increased volume of peritoneal fluid. Ascites is most commonly a ... Diagnosis is made by paracentesis (needle aspiration of the ascitic fluid); SBP is diagnosed if the fluid contains neutrophils ... As for the significance of ascitic fluid proteins, it was demonstrated that cirrhotic patients with ascitic protein ... Additional studies have confirmed the validity of the ascitic fluid protein concentration as the best predictor of the first ...
Ahr, A.; Arnold, G.; Göhring, U. J.; Costa, S.; Scharl, A.; Gauwerky, J. F. (July 1997). "Cytology of ascitic fluid in a ... with the fluid-filled spaces Call-Exner bodies between the granulosa cells.[3] They are large enough to be seen in an optical ...
... then the air-fluid level would not move. Shifting dullness is usually present if the volume of ascitic fluid is greater than ... or has less than 2 litres of free fluid present. If the fluid causing the dullness was not free, ... After waiting sufficient time for any fluid to shift (up to 30 seconds), the dull position is then percussed. It may now be ... Abdominal examination Fluid wave test Bulging flanks Puddle sign Murray Longmore, Ian B. Wilinson, Edward H. Dawvidson, ...
... we should spend this time not divining for ascitic fluid (ultrasound is better) but, instead, talking to our patients. His ...
The ascitic fluid of the organism can also contain neoplastic cells that may or may not be malignant and cancerous. The disease ... Fluid begins to build up in the abdomen of the infected organism, causing large ascites. Once the viral genome is incorporated ...
It is a multifunctional protein found in plasma, ascitic fluid, cerebrospinal fluid and on the surface of many cell types. It ...
Primary ovarian adenosarcoma with elevated Ca-125 levels and normal ascitic fluid cytology: a case report and review of ...
L1210 is a mouse lymphocytic leukemia cell line which is derived from the ascitic fluid of 8-month-old female DBA/2 strain mice ...
... as well as in fluids and secretions (bile, ascitic fluid). Fischer, Jnos; Ganellin, C. Robin (2006). Analogue-based Drug ...
Conversely, in individuals with very tense ascites, it has been hypothesized that removal of ascitic fluid may improve kidney ... or the removal of large volumes of ascitic fluid by paracentesis from the abdominal cavity without compensating for fluid ... Also, large volume paracentesis-which is the removal of ascites fluid from the abdomen using a needle or catheter in order to ... Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, which is the infection of ascites fluid, is the most common precipitant of HRS in cirrhotic ...
... that the Combur test UX urine screening test is a very sensitive and specific method for diagnosing SBP in the ascitic fluid of ... The LE test is also used to screen for gonorrhea and for amniotic fluid infections. The combination of the LE test with the ...
... marker protein CA-125 in her blood as well as a significant decrease in the number of cancerous cells in her ascitic fluid. The ...
... draining hydrocele and ascitic fluid, removal of the prostate gland, urethral stricture dilatation, vesicolithotomy, hernia ...
... infiltration in one or more areas of the gastrointestinal tract or presence of high eosinophil count in ascitic fluid (latter ...
Infected fish show haemorrhagic ulcers on the skin (particularly around the operculum), abundant ascitic fluid in the abdominal ...
... which allows ascitic fluid to pass directly into the systemic circulation. Possible complications include: Infection Superior ... A peritoneovenous shunt (also called LeVeen Shunt) is a shunt which drains peritoneal fluid from the peritoneum into veins, ...
... ascitic fluid MeSH A12.207.152 - blood MeSH A12.207.152.200 - fetal blood MeSH A12.207.152.693 - plasma MeSH A12.207.152.846 - ... synovial fluid MeSH A12.207.515 - intracellular fluid MeSH A12.207.739 - nasal lavage fluid MeSH A12.207.927 - urine MeSH ... dentinal fluid MeSH A12.383.500 - gingival crevicular fluid MeSH A12.459.529 - meconium MeSH A12.459.764 - melena The list ... body fluid compartments MeSH A12.207.200 - body water MeSH A12.207.234 - bronchoalveolar lavage fluid MeSH A12.207.270 - ...
... ascitic) fluid. The needle is removed, leaving the plastic sheath to allow drainage of the fluid. The fluid is drained by ... in which the peritoneal cavity is punctured by a needle to sample peritoneal fluid. The procedure is used to remove fluid from ... The ascitic white blood cell count can help determine if the ascites is infected. A count of 250 neutrophils per ml or higher ... Several litres of fluid may be drained during the procedure; however, if more than two litres are to be drained, it will ...
... fluid shifts (following the accumulation of albumin in extracellular space and ascitic fluid), and even post-transcriptional ... This leads to fluid-induced swelling of the extremities known as edema, build-up of fluid in the abdomen known as ascites, and ... Alterations in fluid distribution and the presence of ongoing inflammation in chronic kidney disease in combination with ... Kooman, Jeroen P.; van der Sande, Frank M. (2019). "Body Fluids in End-Stage Renal Disease: Statics and Dynamics". Blood ...
... lesions Samples of cerebrospinal fluid Pleural fluid samples Samples of ascitic fluid Tissue infected Samples of synovial fluid ... used for determination of various analyses in various biological fluids, different reagents are used to play colorimetric ...
SAAG is calculated by subtracting the albumin measure of ascitic fluid from the serum value. In portal hypertension, the SAAG ... Peritoneal fluid is a serous fluid made by the peritoneum in the abdominal cavity which lubricates the surface of tissue that ... An increased volume of peritoneal fluid is called ascites. Sampling of peritoneal fluid is generally performed by paracentesis ... Peritoneal fluid microscopy is a useful test in evaluating the cause of ascites. A diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) is ...
... or the removal of large volumes of ascitic fluid by paracentesis from the abdominal cavity without compensating for fluid ... it has been hypothesized that removal of ascitic fluid may improve kidney function if it decreases the pressure on the renal ... Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, which is the infection of ascites fluid, is the most common precipitant of HRS in cirrhotic ... In contrast to HRS, however, pre-renal kidney failure usually responds to treatment with intravenous fluids, resulting in ...
Diuresis in the ascitic patient: a randomized controlled trial of three regimens. J. Clin. Gastroenterol. 1981,. 3 Suppl 1: 73- ... Fluid wave test(英語:Fluid wave test). *Abdominal mass(英語:Abdominal mass) ...
A hydrocele is an accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity. A hydrocele testis is the accumulation of fluids around a ... Ascites or even ascitic tuberculous peritonitis should be considered if the swellings are bilateral. ... through defective absorption of fluid[citation needed]. *by interference with lymphatic drainage of scrotal structures as in ... The presence of fluid is demonstrated by trans illumination. These hydroceles can reach a huge size, containing large amount of ...
... which allows ascitic fluid to pass directly into the systemic circulation. Possible compilations include bleeding from varices ... In medicine, a shunt is a hole or a small passage which moves, or allows movement of, fluid from one part of the body to ... A vesico-amniotic shunt is a tube that it is inserted into the unborn baby's bladder to drain the excess fluid into the ... This can result in a reduction in the volume of amniotic fluid, and problems with the development of the baby's lungs and ...
A hydrocele is an accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity. A hydrocele testis is the accumulation of fluids around a ... Ascites or even ascitic tuberculous peritonitis should be considered if the swellings are bilateral.[citation needed] There is ... by excessive production of fluid within the sac, e.g. secondary hydrocele through defective absorption of fluid[citation needed ... The presence of fluid is demonstrated by transillumination. These hydroceles can reach a huge size, containing large amount of ...
... may also refer to an assessment of an ascitic abdomen. Identifying an organ or a mass in an ascitic abdomen: "Try ... Ballottement is a medical sign which indicates increased fluid in the suprapatellar pouch over the patella at the knee joint. ... This quick movement often displaces the fluid so that your fingertips can briefly touch the surface of the structure through ...
However a wide variety of disease can result in fluid accumulation, known as ascites. This article summarizes the various tests ... employed in peritoneal fluid analysis and explains how the results can aid medical diagnosis. ... The volume of fluid within the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity is usually small. ... Our abdominal cavity and the organs within it are protected and lubricated by a fluid called the peritoneal or ascitic fluid. ...
Many cases of ascites fluid with more than 1000 PMNs/mm3 (and certainly ,5000 PMNs/mm3) are associated with appendicit... more ... Ascitic fluid with more than 250 PMNs/mm3 defines neutrocytic ascites and SBP. ... Ascitic fluid with more than 250 PMNs/mm3 defines neutrocytic ascites and SBP. Many cases of ascites fluid with more than 1000 ... Optimization of ascitic fluid culture technique. Gastroenterology. 1988 Nov. 95(5):1351-5. [Medline]. ...
... melatonin concentration in blood was higher than in ascitic fluid. Melatonin in the ascitic fluid may be derived from the blood ... There are significant differences between mean values obtained in ascitic fluid in groups and . ... Melatonin levels in ascitic fluid of two patients of group HE3 exceeded 600 pg/mL (609 and 632 pg/mL) and were similar to their ... Increased melatonin concentration in ascitic fluid was detected in 24 patients out of 30 (80%) in group and 27 patients out of ...
To our knowledge, the viscosity of ascitic fluid has not yet been studied.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of ascitic fluid ... Cultures of ascitic fluid were performed at bedside in all patients using blood culture bottles. Ascitic fluid viscosity was ... ascitic fluid glucose levels and ascitic fluid leukocyte counts were similar in both groups, with no statistically significant ... no significant effect on ascitic fluid viscosity was detected. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that ascitic fluid ...
Ascitic Fluid Microbiome in Liver Cirrhosis. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the ...
To assess the risk of development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in relation to the ascitic fluid total protein ... Low-protein-concentration ascitic fluid is predisposed to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Gastroenterology. 1986 Dec;91(6): ... The ascitic fluid protein concentration in the spontaneous peritonitis group (0.72 +/- 0.53 g/dl) was significantly lower (p ... Of the patients whose initial sterile ascitic fluid protein concentration was less than or equal to 1.0 g/dl, 7 of 47 (15%) ...
An ascitic fluid neutrophil count of more than 500 cells/µL is the single best predictor of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, ... An ascitic fluid neutrophil count of more than 500 cells/µL is the single best predictor of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, ... What is the indication for ascitic fluid neutrophil count in the workup of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP)?. Updated: ... Riggio O, Angeloni S. Ascitic fluid analysis for diagnosis and monitoring of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. World J ...
Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment. By Radomir Živadinović, Aleksandra Petrić, Dane ... Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment, Ascites Luis Rodrigo, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/ ... Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment, Ascites Luis Rodrigo, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/ ... www.intechopen.com/embed/ascites-physiopathology-treatment-complications-and-prognosis/ascitic-fluid-in-ovarian-carcinoma-from- ...
Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion ANDRÉ VIALLET, M.D.; JEAN-PIERRE VILLENEUVE, M.D., M.SC. ... VIALLET A, VILLENEUVE J. Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion. Ann Intern Med. ;91:318-319. doi: 10.7326/0003- ... In their discussion, they state that extracorporeal ultrafiltration devices for the reinfusion of ascitic fluid have not been ... treated 11 times by reinfusion of concentrated ascitic fluid (Rhodiascit, Rhône-Poulenc, France). Coagulation abnormalities ...
Isolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids. Shuzo Matsubara, Midori Suzuki, Masataka ... However, nontumorous ascitic fluids obtained from adjuvant-stimulated mice and a human liver cirrhosis case did not contain any ... Isolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids ... Isolation of an Inhibitor of Type II Interferon Induction from Tumor Ascitic Fluids ...
Found in ascitic fluid (body cavity fluid), these cells may have originated from a diseased organ such as the liver or an ovary ... Light micrograph of cancerous (malignant) glandular cells in human ascitic fluid. Here, the cluster of cancerous cells shows ... Caption: Cancer cells in ascitic fluid. Light micrograph of cancerous (malignant) glandular cells in human ascitic fluid. Here ... Found in ascitic fluid (body cavity fluid), these cells may have originated from a diseased organ such as the liver or an ovary ...
Curve analysis of the opsonic activity compared to the ascitic fluid concentration of total protein, total hemolytic complement ... The opsonic activity of 60 ascitic fluids from 47 patients was measured using a standard opsonophagocytic assay. ... The opsonic activity of 60 ascitic fluids from 47 patients was measured using a standard opsonophagocytic assay. Curve analysis ... of the opsonic activity compared to the ascitic fluid concentration of total protein, total hemolytic complement, C3 and C4 ...
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Intravascular Coagulation and Ascitic-Fluid Infusion Annals of Internal Medicine; 91 (2): 318-319 ... DVOSKIN S. MESOTHELIOMA OF THE PERITONEUM: A CASE REPORT IN WHICH THE ASCITIC FLUID CONTAINED HYALURONIC ACID1. Ann Intern Med ... MESOTHELIOMA OF THE PERITONEUM: A CASE REPORT IN WHICH THE ASCITIC FLUID CONTAINED HYALURONIC ACID1 SAMUEL DVOSKIN ... Comparison of Chemical Composition of Peritoneal Fluid and Serum: A Method for Monitoring Dialysis Patients and a Tool for ...
Ascitic fluid from ovarian cancer patients (n = 16), but not from patients with other cancers or with benign diseases, contains ... The ascitic fluid growth factor(s) appears to signal cells through binding and activation of specific, saturable, high-affinity ... Therefore, ascitic fluid appears to contain one or more previously unidentified growth factors which activate ovarian cancer ... A Putative New Growth Factor in Ascitic Fluid from Ovarian Cancer Patients: Identification, Characterization, and Mechanism of ...
Keywords: Procalcitonin, ascitic fluid infection, hospitalized patients, cirrhosis, malignancy, cut-off value. ... The Role of Serum Procalcitonin Levels in Predicting Ascitic Fluid Infection in Hospitalized Cirrhotic and Non-cirrhotic ... The Role of Serum Procalcitonin Levels in Predicting Ascitic Fluid Infection in Hospitalized Cirrhotic and Non-cirrhotic ... procalcitonin levels were determined to be significantly higher in patients with positive bacterial culture in ascitic fluid ...
We report the cytological features of metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in the ascitic fluid of a 17-year-old female patient ... Cytological diagnosis of metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in the ascitic fluid: Report of a case highlighting the ... Laboratory evaluation of the peritoneal fluid showed glucose of 85 mg/dl, total protein of 4.1 g/dl, and fluid albumin of 2.2 g ... on cytological examination of the ascitic fluid, as the neoplastic cells were misinterpreted as reactive mesothelial cells. ...
"Clinical and bacteriological features and prognosis of ascitic fluid infection in Chinese patients with cirrhosis, BMC ... found that Enteroccocci were iso- cells/μL, (b) ascitic fluid culture was positive; (c) there lated in 24% of ascitic fluid ... found that Enteroccocci were iso- cells/μL, (b) ascitic fluid culture was positive; (c) there lated in 24% of ascitic fluid ... the ascitic fluid PMN count , 250 spread of multi-drug resistant bacteria such as cells/μL, (b) ascitic fluid culture was ...
By admin 2005 Ascitic Fluid Protein, Cirrhotic Patients, Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis 0 Comments ... Comparison of Ascitic Fluid Protein Levels in Cirrhotic Patients With and Without Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Muhammad ... Comparison of Ascitic Fluid Protein Levels in Cirrhotic Patients With and Without Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis. ...
Antonyms for Ascitic fluid. 1 word related to ascites: pathology. What are synonyms for Ascitic fluid? ... Ascitic fluid synonyms, Ascitic fluid antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Ascitic+fluid ... During 2 months of hospital stay, 30 L of chylous pleural fluid and 3 L chylous ascitic fluid were aspirated.. A case of ... Ascitic fluid analysis in malignancyrelated ascites.. Detection of Malignancy in Body Fluids: A Comparison of the Hematology ...
Agostoni A, Marasini B, Bergamaschini L. Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. La Ricerca in Clinica e in ... Agostoni, A. ; Marasini, B. ; Bergamaschini, L. / Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. In: La Ricerca in ... Agostoni, A., Marasini, B., & Bergamaschini, L. (1978). Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. La Ricerca in ... Protein composition of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis. / Agostoni, A.; Marasini, B.; Bergamaschini, L. ...
Analysis of ascitic fluid in cirrhosis. Digestive diseases and sciences. 1979 Feb 1;24(2):136-44. Boyer TD, Kahn AM, Reynolds ... Low glucose in ascitic fluid is suggestive of consumption in the setting of bacterial / tuberculous peritonitis or malignancy; ... Diagnostic value of ascitic fluid lactic dehydrogenase, protein, and WBC levels. Archives of internal medicine. 1978 Jul 1;138( ... Ascitic fluid analysis in the differential diagnosis of ascites: focus on cirrhotic ascites. Journal of Clinical and ...
Ascitic fluid study. Ascitic fluid is usually white or milky. Gross milkiness of the ascitic fluid corresponds poorly with ... The diagnosis of chylous ascites is made by peritoneocentesis and by analysis of the ascitic fluid. An ascitic triglyceride ... True chylous ascites is defined as the presence of ascitic fluid with high fat (triglyceride) content, usually higher than 110 ... 1, 2] Moreover, an existing clear ascitic fluid can turn chylous as a secondary event. ...
Low glucose in ascitic fluid is suggestive of consumption in the setting of bacterial / tuberculous peritonitis or malignancy; ... The glucose concentration of ascitic fluid is normally very similar to the serum glucose. ...
Nature of the ascitic and pleural fluid. Ascitic fluid and pleural fluid in Meigs syndrome can be either transudative or ... Blockage of these lymphatics prevented accumulation of pleural fluid and caused an increase in ascitic fluid. ... Etiology of ascitic fluid. The pathophysiology of ascites in Meigs syndrome is speculative. Meigs suggested that irritation of ... Efskind and Terada et al theorize that ascitic fluid is transferred via transdiaphragmatic lymphatic channels. The size of the ...
Epo was detected in all ascitic fluid samples, in similar amounts as in corresponding serum samples. Ascitic fluid Epo ... ascitic fluid Epo was higher in the women with cancer than in the women with a benign tumor (P = 0.006). Ascitic fluid Epo ... The origin of Epo in the ascitic fluid of women with ovarian tumors as well as the clinical relevance of our finding remain to ... The objective of this study was to investigate whether Epo is detectable in the ascitic fluid of patients with ovarian tumors. ...
Home > Medicine > Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context of SBP. Paracentesis and Ascitic Fluid analysis in context ... Test and Ascitic-Fluid Container. Comments. Albumin. Differential diagnosis of ascites according to the serum ascites albumin ... Ascitic fluid infections. Types. *Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). Most common infection in patients with ascites and ... Ascitic fluid infection with positive bacterial culture, neutrophil count ?250/ml and no surgically treatable source of ...
ASCITIC FLUID PROFILES IN VARIOUS DISEASE STATES was found in Emergency Central. Emergency Central is a collection of disease, ...
... fluid explanation free. What is fluid? Meaning of fluid medical term. What does fluid mean? ... Looking for online definition of fluid in the Medical Dictionary? ... ascitic fluid. Clear, pale, straw-colored fluid occurring in ascites. The fluid is normally sterile; its specific gravity is ... Related to fluid: fluid mechanics, fluid dynamics, Fluid retention, Newtonian fluid. flu·id. (flūid), 1. A nonsolid substance ...
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  • Although ascitic fluid infection was detected in 35 patients (24.6%) (19 patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, seven patients with culture-negative neutrocytic ascites, three patients with monobacterial non-neutrocytic bacterascites and six patients with secondary bacterial peritonitis), no significant effect on ascitic fluid viscosity was detected. (hindawi.com)
  • To assess the risk of development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in relation to the ascitic fluid total protein concentration, routine admission abdominal paracentesis was performed on a group of 107 patients during 125 hospitalizations. (nih.gov)
  • What is the indication for ascitic fluid neutrophil count in the workup of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP)? (medscape.com)
  • Although the ascitic fluid results did not meet the criteria for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, the patient was treated with cefotaxime because the clinical picture was consistent with peritonitis. (thepermanentejournal.org)
  • In an attempt to differentiate between three important but clinically similar conditions of exudative ascites like tuberculous peritonitis, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and malignant ascites, we evaluated the biochemical parameters of ascitic fluid as a diagnostic aid. (who.int)
  • Evaluation of reagent strips for ascitic fluid leukocyte determination: is it a possible alternative for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis rapid diagnosis? (bvsalud.org)
  • In order to evaluate the accuracy of a urine reagent dipstick (Multistix 10SG®) to determine ascitic fluid leukocyte count , we prospectively studied 106 cirrhotic patients from April 2003 to December 2004, in two different centers (Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP-EPM and Federal University of Juiz de Fora - HU-UFJF) for the rapid bedside diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis . (bvsalud.org)
  • Discomfort is the main symptom of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis due to the pressure of the increased fluid. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • All consecutive patients with Cirrhosis and ascites admitted to ILBS (Institute of Liver & Biliary Sciences) will be evaluated for the presence of SBP (Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis) by ascitic fluid examination at admission. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • 250/mm3) with/without positive ascitic fluid culture and Patients with SBP (Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis) included in the study will be randomized to receive cefepime or imipenem. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Norfloxacin is used for prevention of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients who have a low ascites fluid protein level, impaired renal function, severe liver disease, have had a prior episode of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, or esophageal variceal bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paracentesis was performed routinely on admission and all ascitic fluid samples were evaluated by manual cell count with differential, ascitic fluid culture and biochemistry (total protein, albumin, glucose and LDH). (hindawi.com)
  • The ascitic fluid protein concentration in the spontaneous peritonitis group (0.72 +/- 0.53 g/dl) was significantly lower (p less than 0.001) than that in the group of patients with sterile portal hypertension-related ascites (1.36 +/- 0.89 g/dl) and was significantly lower than that of patients with ascites due to miscellaneous causes. (nih.gov)
  • whereas only 1 of 65 (1.5%) patients who had an initial sterile ascitic fluid protein concentration greater than 1.0 g/dl developed spontaneous peritonitis. (nih.gov)
  • This difference in risk of development of peritonitis in relation to initial ascitic fluid protein concentration was also significant (p less than 0.01). (nih.gov)
  • A low-molecular-weight fraction (M.W. ∼700) that specifically impairs the induction of type II interferon in mice by purified protein derivative of tuberculin or OK-432 was isolated from the cell-free ascitic fluid of mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Curve analysis of the opsonic activity compared to the ascitic fluid concentration of total protein, total hemolytic complement, C3 and C4 yielded correlation coefficients of 0.84 (p less than 0.001), 0.84 (p less than 0.001), 0.94 (p less than 0.001) and 0.92 (p less than 0.001), respectively. (nih.gov)
  • Laboratory evaluation of the peritoneal fluid showed glucose of 85 mg/dl, total protein of 4.1 g/dl, and fluid albumin of 2.2 g/dl. (cytojournal.com)
  • Determination of total protein, lactate dehydrogenase, and glucose levels in ascitic fluid may aid in the differentiation between SBP and secondary peritonitis. (medchrome.com)
  • Eleven major parameters were analyzed, and, of them, ascitic fluid protein, albumin, cholesterol, fibronectin and serum-ascitic gradient of protein and albumin were found to be useful. (ncku.edu.tw)
  • Neither as useful was the serum-ascitic fluid protein gradient. (ncku.edu.tw)
  • Ascitic cholesterol and ascitic fibronectin were more accurate than the ascitic total protein, ascitic albumin and serum-ascitic gradient of protein and albumin in the diagnosis of peritoneal carcinomatosis. (ncku.edu.tw)
  • Ascitic fluid was centrifuged and analyzed for Total protein, Albumin, Total and Differential leukocyte count. (journalcra.com)
  • Laboratory evaluation of ascitic fluid showed sugar 75 mg/dl, protein 4.8 g/dl, albumin 2.8 g/dl and LDH 7178 IU/ml. (oncocytologyjournal.com)
  • In contrast to the chylous nature of the ascitic fluid, however, thoracic duct lymph was non-chylous and its protein content was lower than that of the ascitic fluid. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The fluid is then reviewed for its gross appearance, protein level, albumin , and cell counts (red and white). (wikipedia.org)
  • Age, cholesterol, hypersensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in serum, ascitic fluid adenosine deaminase (AF ADA), ascitic fluid lactate dehydrogenase (AF LDH) involvement in a 5-marker model. (medsci.org)
  • Serum electrolytes Liver function tests Kidney function tests Pro calcitonin USG/CT abdomen Complete blood counts Coagulation parameters Ascitic fluid analysis- TLC, DLC, Protein, sugar, culture, SAAG. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Diagnosis of SBP is mainly established by elevated polymorphonuclear leukocyte count and positive ascitic fluid bacterial culture. (journalcra.com)
  • Many sources suggest that an ascitic fluid leukocyte count above 10,000 neutrophils/uL is suggestive of secondary bacterial peritonitis. (emcrit.org)
  • What is the role of ascitic fluid measurement in the evaluation of cirrhosis? (medscape.com)
  • In 1977, we reported our findings (2) in eight patients, with diuretic-resistant ascites due to cirrhosis, treated 11 times by reinfusion of concentrated ascitic fluid (Rhodiascit, Rhône-Poulenc, France). (annals.org)
  • However, nontumorous ascitic fluids obtained from adjuvant-stimulated mice and a human liver cirrhosis case did not contain any such inhibitory activity. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Outcome of ascitic fluid infection in patients with cirrhosis was influenced by the type of bacteria and antimicrobial susceptibility. (deepdyve.com)
  • A ascitic fluid infection for patients with cirrhosis. (deepdyve.com)
  • Patient demographics: A total of 88 patients (40 SBP and 48 CNNA) with advanced liver cirrhosis had been identified with ascitic fluid infection. (freethesaurus.com)
  • A 42-year-old man with decompensated hepatitis C and alcoholic cirrhosis complicated by ascites and esophageal varices presented with 1 day of ascitic fluid drainage after rupture of a preexisting umbilical hernia associated with diffuse abdominal pain and tenderness. (thepermanentejournal.org)
  • A 42-year-old Hispanic man with decompensated hepatitis C and alcoholic cirrhosis (Child-Pugh Grade B, Model for End-stage Liver Disease Score = 15) complicated by ascites and esophageal varices presented to the Emergency Department with 1 day of ascitic fluid drainage after rupture of a preexisting umbilical hernia associated with diffuse abdominal pain and tenderness. (thepermanentejournal.org)
  • The ascitic fluid samples were collected from cases of bacterial peritonitis , tuberculosis , hepatitis , cirrhosis of other aetiology and pleural fluid samples were from cases of tubercular, pyogenic, cardiomegaly and other conditions. (bvsalud.org)
  • For this purpose, serum and ascitic fluid samples of 71 ascitic patients (54 due to cirrhosis of the liver and 17 due to peritoneal carcinomatosis) were prospectively and simultaneously collected. (ncku.edu.tw)
  • All patients with decompensated cirrhosis had undergone ascitic fluid paracenetesis after admission to the hospital. (journalcra.com)
  • Albillos A, Cuervas-Mons V, Millan I, Canton T, Montes J, Barrios C, Garrido A, Escartín P. Ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear cell count and serum to ascites albumin gradient in the diagnosis of bacterial peritonitis. (medschool.co)
  • Other causes of raised ascitic fluid neutrophil count need to be excluded (eg peritoneal carcinomatosis, pancreatitis, TB peritonitis). (medchrome.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Study of biochemical parameters of ascitic fluid in exudative ascites with special reference to tuberculous peritonitis. (who.int)
  • Bandyopadhyay R, Bandyopadhyay SK, Ghosal J, Kumar U, Dutta A. Study of biochemical parameters of ascitic fluid in exudative ascites with special reference to tuberculous peritonitis. (who.int)
  • The serum ascitic albumin gradient (SAAG), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), pH, adenosine deaminase(ADA), carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA-125) levels were measured in 36 patients with tuberculous peritonitis, 30 patients with SBP and 30 patients with ascites due to malignant disorders. (who.int)
  • When a rupture causes peritonitis, fluid fills the abdominal cavity and the bowel, resulting in loss of fluid from the rest of the body. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Peritoneal fluid analysis involving biochemistry, microbiology and cytology lab testing can play an important role in diagnosis of the underlying disease. (brighthub.com)
  • Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma is an uncommon tumor affecting adolescents and young adults that is only rarely encountered in body fluid cytology. (cytojournal.com)
  • The characteristic eosinophilic hyaline globules (HG) with immunohistochemistry on fluid cytology, has not previously been documented. (ispub.com)
  • Detection of sarcoma cells on fluid cytology is not often difficult. (ispub.com)
  • A detailed description of cytomorphology of this rare entity in serous fluid cytology has not appeared in the literature. (ispub.com)
  • Ascitic fluid cytology revealed deposits of rhabdomyosarcoma. (oncocytologyjournal.com)
  • Here we report a rare case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma nose, who on posttreatment presented with ascites and ascitic fluid cytology revealed metastatic tumor deposits of rhabdomyosarcoma. (oncocytologyjournal.com)
  • As much fluid as possible should be submitted for cytology. (edu.au)
  • In the present study, the association of melatonin levels in serum and ascitic fluid and ammonia concentration related to the intensity of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) was investigated. (hindawi.com)
  • Concentration of antibodies in ascitic fluid was determined by the method of M. (freethesaurus.com)
  • In unconcentrated ascitic fluid, the concentration of individual proteins varied between 13% (α 2 -macroglobulin) and 26.7% (orosomucoid) of the serum concentration. (elsevier.com)
  • The glucose concentration of ascitic fluid is normally very similar to the serum glucose. (medschool.co)
  • Ascitic fluid Epo concentration did not differ between the 3 study groups ( P = 0.081), but in multiple comparisons, ascitic fluid Epo was higher in the women with cancer than in the women with a benign tumor ( P = 0.006). (bmj.com)
  • Phosphorus metabolites, intracellular pH (pH(i)), and intracellular Na + concentration ([Na + ](i)) were measured in rat livers in vivo using 31 P and 23 Na NMR spectroscopy after deoxycholic acid (DCA)induced pancreatitis or intraperitoneal injection (ip) of pancreatitis-induced ascitic fluid (PAF). (elsevier.com)
  • Inference - Cholesterol concentration in ascitic fluid helps todifferentiate ascites in malignancy , from non - malignant ascites .CONCLUSIONSCholesterol estimation in ascitic fluid is a better parameter to differentiatemalignant ascites from non - malignant ascites . (bvsalud.org)
  • Of these tests, an ascitic fluid fibronectin concentration greater than 40 micrograms/ml was the most accurate parameter (diagnostic accuracy 96.2%) that could solely help to establish the diagnosis of peritoneal carcinomatosis. (ncku.edu.tw)
  • Add heparin (at a final concentration of 5 U/mL of fluid) or sodium citrate as an anticoagulant. (edu.au)
  • There are disorders which can give the appearance of peritoneal fluid build up (i.e. a distended abdomen), which a clinician will be careful to exclude from their diagnosis, such as an ovarian cyst or obesity. (brighthub.com)
  • Many diseases result in a buildup of fluid within the abdominal cavity. (brighthub.com)
  • Our abdominal cavity and the organs within it are protected and lubricated by a fluid called the peritoneal or ascitic fluid. (brighthub.com)
  • The build up fluid is often visible from the resulting abdominal distension. (brighthub.com)
  • We report the cytological features of metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in the ascitic fluid of a 17-year-old female patient, who had presented with abdominal distention, 21 months after being diagnosed with perirectal alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. (cytojournal.com)
  • The abdominal ultrasonography revealed ascitic fluid in abdomen and chronic venous congestion in liver. (freethesaurus.com)
  • A percutaneous abdominal puncture was performed and 2 L of ascitic fluid was aspirated. (freethesaurus.com)
  • A pigtail drain was placed in the right upper abdominal quadrant to decrease fluid drainage from the abdominal wall defect, allowing it to heal naturally. (thepermanentejournal.org)
  • Ascites is the accumulation of a fluid in the abdominal cavity also known as peritoneal space. (lybrate.com)
  • In case of blunt abdominal trauma, the presence of free air, free ascitic fluid and bowel thickening are common findings of hollow viscous injury. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Determining the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in ascitic fluid in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis, we can conclude whether it is sensitive/specific or not and further its use in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis. (who.int)
  • Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the role of PCR in ascitic fluid in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis and also to correlate the ADA levels of ascitic fluid with the PCR report. (who.int)
  • Bacteriological or histological approaches had to support the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis, and PCR was also tested for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in ascitic fluid. (who.int)
  • An 18-year-old female patient presented with abdominal discomfort and ascites paracentesis was performed and ascitic fluid was sent for biochemical analysis and cytological evaluation. (oncocytologyjournal.com)
  • Bedside ultrasound reveals a large amount of ascites, which is carefully sampled revealing a cloudy fluid with 15,000 neutrophils/uL and a differential of 90% neutrophils (a video of the left lower quadrant abdominal ultrasound is shown above). (emcrit.org)
  • Ascites is the build-up of fluid in the space between the lining of the abdomen and abdominal organs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As more fluid collects, you may have abdominal pain and bloating. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The moribund fish showed haemorrhage in all internal organs, and pure cultures could be obtained from the abdominal fluid. (int-res.com)
  • A paracentesis was performed and fluid was submitted for chemical and cytological evaluation. (cytojournal.com)
  • Study of Cholesterol Levels in Ascitic Fluid to Differentiate Malignant from Non-Malignant Effusion. (bvsalud.org)
  • In regression analyses, serum Epo, volume of ascites, blood hemoglobin, plasma CA125, tumor stage, tumor grade, and the presence of residual tumor after surgery had no significant independent effect on ascitic fluid Epo. (bmj.com)
  • Regarding the cut-off value of 1.03 cP, ascitic fluid viscosity measurement had a high sensitivity, specificity (98% and 80%, respectively), and positive and negative predictive value (79% and 94%, respectively) for the etiological discrimination of ascites.CONCLUSION: The measurement of ascitic fluid viscosity correlates significantly with SAAG values. (hindawi.com)
  • What measurement of ascitic fluid helps determine the cause of the ascites? (studystack.com)
  • Ascitic disease is a common occurrence in human ovarian cancer, but it is unclear how the cellular composition of ascitic fluid is determined. (aacrjournals.org)
  • 6 - 8 ] We herein present a case of metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma diagnosed on cytological examination of the ascites fluid and discuss the diagnostic difficulties that were encountered in this case. (cytojournal.com)
  • This is infected ascites fluid due to an underlying surgically-treatable source of infection (i.e., perforated viscus, appendicitis, cholecystitis, mesenteric ischemia, etc. (emcrit.org)
  • Your doctor may also use a thin needle to withdraw ascites fluid from your belly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • All patients with new-onset ascites fluid were recruited from January 2014 to December 2018. (medsci.org)
  • Ascites fluid is a common clinical syndrome, which can be divided into benign and malignant ascites for various reasons. (medsci.org)
  • However, the distinction between the two types of ascites fluid is not only the basis of diagnosis but also a prerequisite for formulating a treatment plan. (medsci.org)
  • Differential diagnosis of benign and malignant ascites can rely on certain precise findings such as appropriate ascites fluid serum analysis, cytological examination, laparoscopy, and the symptoms of the patients. (medsci.org)
  • Light micrograph of cancerous (malignant) glandular cells in human ascitic fluid. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The first description of SBP did not include those patients who had a negative ascitic fluid culture. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To our knowledge, the viscosity of ascitic fluid has not yet been studied.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of ascitic fluid viscosity in discriminating between ascites due to portal hypertension-related and nonportal hypertension-related causes, and to compare results with the serum-ascites albumin gradient (SAAG).METHODS: The present study involved 142 patients with ascites presenting with diverse medical problems. (hindawi.com)
  • The serum-ascitic fluid albumin gradient was not as useful as described in the literature and, if clinically applied, the best cut-off value should be raised up to 1.5 gm/dl. (ncku.edu.tw)
  • In parallel experiments, an identical low-molecular-weight fraction that impairs the type II interferon induction in mice was isolated from the ascitic fluids of rats bearing AH-100B ascites tumor and from a human hepatoma case with advanced cancer metastatic to the peritoneal cavity. (aacrjournals.org)
  • This report is Paper 2 of a series concerning the inhibitory factor of type II interferon induction found in tumor ascitic fluids. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Meigs suggested that irritation of the peritoneal surfaces by a hard, solid ovarian tumor could stimulate the production of peritoneal fluid. (medscape.com)
  • [ 8 ] These authors believe that their observations favor secretion of fluid from the tumor as the source of the ascites. (medscape.com)
  • Patients and Methods We investigated the presence of Epo in the ascitic fluid of 100 women undergoing laparotomy for an ovarian tumor. (bmj.com)
  • Only one brief report of cytologic findings in ascitic fluid of a recurrent tumor is available. (ispub.com)
  • An adult patient with both intraabdominal carcinoid tumor and chylous ascites underwent thoracic duct drainage in an attempt to relieve accumulation of intraabdominal fluid. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 3]), while the bacterial culture sampled from the ascitic fluid remained sterile. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Found in ascitic fluid (body cavity fluid), these cells may have originated from a diseased organ such as the liver or an ovary. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Fluid in the space of Disse may enter the lymphatic channels in the portal and central venous areas of the liver. (medscape.com)
  • a watery fluid containing albumin, glucose, and electrolytes that accumulates in the peritoneal cavity in association with certain disease conditions (such as liver disease). (brainscape.com)
  • Intra-operative findings included very thin subcutaneous tissue, 300 ml of ascitic fluid , collateral blood vessels involving the omentum and rectus muscle. (freethesaurus.com)
  • Our findings showed that elevated levels of CA-125 in pleural and ascitic fluid could be because of varied aetiologies which need to be ruled out before considering malignancy . (bvsalud.org)
  • Free air, intra-peritoneal ascitic fluid and bowel thickening in CT scan are potent evidences of bowel perforation, but none of these findings do not give us a guarantee the absence of surgically important bowel injury. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Intraperito-neal ascitic fluid is common indirect findings. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Conclusion: Our findings indicate that ascitic fluid PCR is a safe tool for diagnosing it and should be tried at least before surgical intervention. (who.int)
  • Optimal medical management with diuretics for ascitic fluid control was attempted but was precluded by hyperkalemia and hypotension. (thepermanentejournal.org)
  • Treatment often involves a low salt diet , medication such as diuretics , and draining the fluid . (wikipedia.org)
  • Diuretics will help your kidneys remove more of the fluid causing the swelling. (healthline.com)
  • Higher ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMN) count and hepatocellular carcinoma were independent risk factors for BA episode progressing to SBP. (deepdyve.com)
  • Role of cancer antigen-125 from pleural & ascitic fluid samples in non malignant conditions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Ascitic fluid infection (AFI) in cirrhotic patients has a high morbidity and mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ascitic fluid infections (AFI) are frequent and severe complication in cirrhotic patients and have a high morbidity and mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There is a paucity of literature comparing the outcome in patients based on culture results, and factors predicting poor prognosis in cirrhotic patients with ascitic fluid infection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • abstract = "Primary diagnosis of lymphomas from ascitic fluid is rare. (elsevier.com)
  • Ascitic fluid infection with positive bacterial culture, neutrophil count ?250/ml and no surgically treatable source of infection. (medchrome.com)
  • During 2 months of hospital stay, 30 L of chylous pleural fluid and 3 L chylous ascitic fluid were aspirated. (freethesaurus.com)
  • True chylous ascites is defined as the presence of ascitic fluid with high fat (triglyceride) content, usually higher than 110 mg/dL. (medscape.com)
  • These observations signify that the chylous ascitic fluid neither leaked from nor had access to thoracic duct lymph but originated instead from obstructed mesenteric lacteals. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This imporant diagnostic test is calculated as the serum albumin minus the ascitic albumin. (brighthub.com)
  • Awareness of this potential diagnostic problem and recognition of the cytomorphological features of this neoplasm in the body fluids allows the identification of malignant cells, even when they are rare and intimately associated with mesothelial cells. (cytojournal.com)
  • ASCITES: ASCITIC FLUID PROFILES IN VARIOUS DISEASE STATES is a topic covered in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests . (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Samples of ascitic fluid were collected from patients with ovarian carcinoma at the time of surgery or by paracentesis for palliative/diagnostic purposes. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Diagnostic parameters in paracentesis fluid for SBP? (studystack.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Ascites is defined as the pathological accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. (hindawi.com)
  • Blockage of these lymphatics prevented accumulation of pleural fluid and caused an increase in ascitic fluid. (medscape.com)
  • We aim to determine whether severe OHSS, complicated by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage, is associated with increased risk of late obstetrics complications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We assessed the obstetrics and neonatal outcome measures of 16 patients admitted to our gynecology ward during a 6-year period, with severe OHSS complicated by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This disparity in the observed outcomes probably results from the inclusion of patients with OHSS, not exclusively limited to those with significant increase in vascular permeability, as reflected by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Prompted by the aforementioned observations, we sought to address whether severe OHSS, complicated by third space fluid accumulation necessitating drainage), is associated with increased risk of late obstetrical complications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ascitic fluid - Ascitis is accumulation of fluid in the abdomen. (news-medical.net)
  • Excess accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity occurs due to a combination of impaired fluid drainage and increased net filtration, mostly due to increasing intraperitoneal vascular permeability. (frontiersin.org)
  • The excess accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity arises from a combination of impaired fluid drainage and increased net filtration. (frontiersin.org)
  • People on a type of kidney dialysis that involves exchanging peritoneal fluids can also become infected. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of ascitic fluid viscosity for the discrimination between ascites due to portal hypertension-related and nonportal hypertension-related causes according to the SAAG were determined by receiver operating characteristic analysis. (hindawi.com)
  • The Culture and Sensitivity Ascitic Fluid test diagnoses the cause of the formation of this fluid. (lybrate.com)
  • He tells me that puddle sign has very little sensitivity, so it may not be produced, irrespective of the ascitic fluid volume. (medicowesome.com)
  • This Study was carried out in Khartoum State during a period from (March to June 2005).It aimed to study cellular patterns in ascitic fluid using three cytological stains (Papanicolaou, Harris haematoxylin and eosin, and may Grun wald-Giemsa Stain). (sustech.edu)
  • Ascitic fluid analysis in peritoneal carcinomatosis: comparison of various biochemical tests with ascitic cirrhotics. (ncku.edu.tw)
  • The results of peritoneal fluid analysis are only useful in diagnosis when taken together with a physical examination and understanding of the patients medical history. (brighthub.com)
  • Physical examination revealed a tender, compressible umbilical hernia with ulceration of the overlying skin, draining straw-colored ascitic fluid (Figure 1). (thepermanentejournal.org)
  • We report a case in which a patient being worked up as a case of carcinoma head of pancreas turned out to be a lymphoma on routine ascitic fluid examination and was further sub-classified as a CD 10+ B-cell lymphoma on flow cytometric analysis. (elsevier.com)
  • Ascitic Fluid in Ovarian Carcinoma - From Pathophysiology to the Treatment, Ascites Luis Rodrigo, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70476. (intechopen.com)
  • Microbiology culture in order to identify bacterial infection in the fluid. (brighthub.com)
  • Background: Spontaneous ascitic fluid infection (SAI) is an acute infection of ascitic fluid. (journalcra.com)
  • Epo was detected in all ascitic fluid samples, in similar amounts as in corresponding serum samples. (bmj.com)
  • Samples of amniotic fluid may be collected by amniocentesis to identify fetal chromosomal abnormalities, state of health, and maturity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • CA-125 levels in 38 pleural and 46 ascitic fluid samples from non malignant cases and 10 blood samples from pulmonary tuberculosis cases were estimated by ELISA . (bvsalud.org)
  • Both ascitic and pleural fluid samples (transudative and exudative) showed elevated CA- 125 levels. (bvsalud.org)
  • The CA-125 levels were significantly higher in ascitic fluid samples than in pleural fluid samples. (bvsalud.org)
  • mRNA for the CC chemokines CCL2, -3, -4, -5, -8, and -22 was expressed in cell isolates from ascites samples, and the corresponding proteins were detected in ascitic fluid. (aacrjournals.org)
  • With the aim of further understanding chemokine action in human ovarian cancer, we investigated CC chemokine receptors and their ligands in ascitic fluid samples. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Materials and Methods: Papanicolaou smears of ascitic fluid paracentesis samples received over one calendar year were reviewed retrospectively by an expert in cytopathology blinded to the final clinical and/or histopathological diagnoses. (elsevier.com)
  • Cultures of ascitic fluid were performed at bedside in all patients using blood culture bottles. (hindawi.com)
  • Subsequent to the prostate biopsy, 3 of 5 urine cultures, 1 of 3 sputum cultures, and the ascitic fluid culture returned as positive for pan-sensitive MTB. (freethesaurus.com)
  • As well as the serum-albumin-ascites gradient, other parameters can be assessed in peritoneal fluid analysis. (brighthub.com)
  • We have studied the effect of ascitic fluid on the platelet function in vitro in relation to coagulation parameters. (elsevier.com)
  • Treatment of ascites will depend on the underlying cause but can include drainage of the fluid, bed rest, low salt diet, reduced fluid intake and drug treatment. (brighthub.com)
  • Initially, an ostomy bag was placed over the hernia for hygiene and to collect the one to three liters of ascitic fluid drainage each day. (thepermanentejournal.org)
  • Severe OHSS, complicated by third space fluid sequestration necessitating drainage, is not associated with adverse late pregnancy outcome, except probably for preterm labor. (biomedcentral.com)