A species of parasitic nematode that is the largest found in the human intestine. Its distribution is worldwide, but it is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation. Human infection with A. lumbricoides is acquired by swallowing fully embryonated eggs from contaminated soil.
A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA whose species usually inhabit the intestine.
Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.
A genus of nematode worms comprising the whipworms.
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
Infection with nematodes of the genus TRICHURIS, formerly called Trichocephalus.
A superfamily of nematode parasitic hookworms consisting of four genera: ANCYLOSTOMA; NECATOR; Bunostomum; and Uncinaria. ANCYLOSTOMA and NECATOR occur in humans and other mammals. Bunostomum is common in ruminants and Uncinaria in wolves, foxes, and dogs.
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.
Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.
Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.
Determination of parasite eggs in feces.
A benzimidazole that acts by interfering with CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM and inhibiting polymerization of MICROTUBULES.
A benzimidazole broad-spectrum anthelmintic structurally related to MEBENDAZOLE that is effective against many diseases. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p38)
Substances used in the treatment or control of nematode infestations. They are used also in veterinary practice.
A species of parasitic nematode usually found in domestic pigs and a few other animals. Human infection can also occur, presumably as result of handling pig manure, and can lead to intestinal obstruction.
Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.
A common parasite of humans in the moist tropics and subtropics. These organisms attach to villi in the small intestine and suck blood causing diarrhea, anorexia, and anemia.
Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Broad spectrum antinematodal anthelmintic used also in veterinary medicine.
Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
Any part or derivative of a helminth that elicits an immune reaction. The most commonly seen helminth antigens are those of the schistosomes.
2-Substituted benzimidazole first introduced in 1962. It is active against a variety of nematodes and is the drug of choice for STRONGYLOIDIASIS. It has CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM side effects and hepatototoxic potential. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p919)
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to HELMINTH ANTIGENS.
A genus of nematode intestinal parasites that consists of several species. A. duodenale is the common hookworm in humans. A. braziliense, A. ceylonicum, and A. caninum occur primarily in cats and dogs, but all have been known to occur in humans.
A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms of the genus NECATOR. The resulting anemia from this condition is less severe than that from ANCYLOSTOMIASIS.
An antihelminthic drug that has been tried experimentally in rheumatic disorders where it apparently restores the immune response by increasing macrophage chemotaxis and T-lymphocyte function. Paradoxically, this immune enhancement appears to be beneficial in rheumatoid arthritis where dermatitis, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia, and nausea and vomiting have been reported as side effects. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p435-6)
The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Proteins found in any species of helminth.
A species of parasitic nematode widely distributed in tropical and subtropical countries. The females and their larvae inhabit the mucosa of the intestinal tract, where they cause ulceration and diarrhea.
A genus of ascarid nematodes commonly parasitic in the intestines of cats and dogs.
The study of parasites and PARASITIC DISEASES.
Invertebrate organisms that live on or in another organism (the host), and benefit at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of helminths.
Infection of humans or animals with hookworms of the genus ANCYLOSTOMA. Characteristics include anemia, dyspepsia, eosinophilia, and abdominal swelling.
The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
Infection with nematodes of the genus STRONGYLOIDES. The presence of larvae may produce pneumonitis and the presence of adult worms in the intestine could lead to moderate to severe diarrhea.
The status of health in rural populations.
An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.
Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.

Independent evaluation of the Nigrosin-Eosin modification of the Kato-Katz technique. (1/190)

A new modified quantitative Kato-Katz thick-smear technique for the detection of helminth eggs in faeces preserves hookworm eggs unaltered for a long time, while with the classic Kato-Katz technique, they disappear after approximately 2 h in tropical climates and thus slides must be read within hours after sample collection. For an independent comparison of these two laboratory techniques, faecal smears from 263 school children were examined in two surveys and prevalence, intensity of infection and costs of surveys calculated. There was no statistical difference between the methods in detecting prevalence and stratification of the sample in different classes of intensity. While there was no statistical difference for the arithmetic mean of the epg for T. trichiura and only a small difference for A. lumbricoides (P=0.04), we observed a highly significant difference for hookworm mean intensities of infections (P<0.001). From the public health viewpoint both methods provided similar results, but due to its simplicity and widespread use the classical Kato-Katz technique remains first choice for community investigation of soil-transmitted nematodes. However, the Nigrosin-Eosin approach has several advantages and can be a valuable alternative in certain circumstances.  (+info)

Developmental regulation of SR protein phosphorylation and activity. (2/190)

Serine/arginine-rich splicing factors (SR proteins) are substrates for serine phosphorylation that can regulate SR protein function. We have observed gross changes in SR protein phosphorylation during early development coincident with major zygotic gene activation in the nematode Ascaris lumbricoides. These differences correlate with large-scale changes in SR protein activity in promoting both trans- and cis-splicing. Importantly, inactive early stage extracts can be made splicing competent on addition of later stage SR proteins. These data suggest that changes in SR protein phosphorylation have a role in the activation of pre-mRNA splicing during early development.  (+info)

Genetic analysis of susceptibility to infection with Ascaris lumbricoides. (3/190)

Epidemiologic studies of helminthic infections have shown that susceptibility to these parasites frequently aggregates in families, suggesting the possible involvement of genetic factors. This paper presents a genetic epidemiologic analysis of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in the Jirel population of eastern Nepal. A total of 1,261 individuals belonging to a single pedigree were assessed for intensity of Ascaris infection at two time points. Following an initial assessment in which all individuals were treated with albendazole, a follow-up examination was performed one year later to evaluate reinfection patterns. Three measures of worm burden were analyzed, including eggs per gram of feces, direct worm counts, and worm biomass (weight). For all traits, variance component analysis of the familial data provided unequivocal evidence for a strong genetic component accounting for between 30% and 50% of the variation in worm burden. Shared environmental (i.e., common household) effects account for between 3% and 13% of the total phenotypic variance.  (+info)

A controlled evaluation of two school-based anthelminthic chemotherapy regimens on intensity of intestinal helminth infections. (4/190)

BACKGROUND: School-based deworming programmes have been promoted as a cost-effective strategy for control of nematode infection in developing countries. While numerous efficacy studies have been conducted, there is little information on actual programme effectiveness in areas of intense transmission. METHODS: A randomized trial of a school-based deworming programme was conducted in 12 primary schools on Pemba Island, Zanzibar. Four schools each were randomized to control, twice a year deworming with single dose mebendazole or three times a year deworming. Baseline and 12-month follow-up data on helminth infection using the Kato-Katz technique, demographic information and nutritional status were collected on 3028 children from March 1994 to May 1995. RESULTS: Intensity of infection measured as eggs per gram of faeces (epg) declined significantly for Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm infections in both treatment groups. A. lumbricoides infection intensity declined 63.1% and 96.7% in the twice and three times per year treatment groups compared to the controls. T. trichiura infection intensity declined 40.4% and 75.9% respectively and hookworm intensity declined 35.3% and 57.2% respectively compared to control schools. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that school-based programmes can be a cost-effective approach for controlling the intensity of intestinal helminth infection even in environments where transmission is high.  (+info)

SR proteins are required for nematode trans-splicing in vitro. (5/190)

SR (ser/arg) proteins have been shown to play roles in numerous aspects of pre-mRNA splicing, including modulation of alternative splicing, commitment of substrates to the splicing pathway, and splice site communication. The last of these, splice site communication, is particularly relevant to trans-splicing in which the 5' and 3' exons originate on separate molecules. The participation of SR proteins in naturally occurring, spliced leader RNA-dependent transsplicing has not been examined. Here, we have isolated SR proteins from an organism that performs both trans- and cis-splicing, the nematode Ascaris lumbricoides. To examine their activity in in vitro splicing reactions, we have also developed and characterized an SR protein-depleted whole-cell extract. When tested in this extract, the nematode SR proteins are required for both trans- and cis-splicing. In addition, the state of phosphorylation of the nematode SR proteins is critical to their activity in vitro. Interestingly, mammalian (HeLa) and A. lumbricoides SR proteins exhibit equivalent activities in cis-splicing, while the nematode SR proteins are much more active in trans-splicing. Thus, it appears that SR proteins purified from an organism that naturally trans-splices its pre-mRNAs promote this reaction to a greater extent than do their mammalian counterparts.  (+info)

Immunochemical characterization and diagnostic potential of a 63-kilodalton Schistosoma antigen. (6/190)

Schistosoma circulating antigens were used for the detection of active infection. Anti-S. mansoni IgG2a monoclonal antibody (MAb) designated C5C4 was generated. The target epitope of this MAb was detected in adult worms, eggs, and cercariae antigenic extracts of S. mansoni and S. haematobium, had a molecular size of 63 kD, and was not detected in Fasciola hepatica and Ascaris. In addition, a 50-kD degradation product was identified only in the urine of infected individuals. Analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography of the purified antigen demonstrated only one peak. The 63-kD antigen was characterized as a protein containing 40.4% hydrophobic, 7.5% acidic, and 8.8% basic amino acids. The C5C4 MAb was used in a Fast Dot-ELISA for rapid and simple diagnosis of human schistosomiasis. The 63-kD circulating antigen was detected in 92% of urine samples from 330 S. mansoni-infected individuals, with 16% false-positive results among 130 noninfected individuals.  (+info)

Clinical features and management of biliary ascariasis in a non-endemic area. (7/190)

Biliary ascariasis is common in certain geographical areas of the world. In India, it is common in the Kashmir valley and only stray cases have been reported from other parts of the country. Between January 1995 and May 1997, 14 patients with biliary ascariasis were seen at our centre, which is more than 1000 km from the Kashmir valley. The mean (+/- SD) age of the patients was 31.7 (+/- 6.1) years and all were females. None of them had been to a place known to be endemic for biliary ascariasis. Four patients presented with acute cholangitis, eight with acute abdominal pain and vomiting, and the remaining two were diagnosed incidentally during surgery for gallstone disease. Barring these two patients, ultrasound examination of the abdomen diagnosed the condition accurately. In 10 patients, a part of the worm was visible outside the papilla of Vater. The roundworm was caught in a Dormia basket and could be extracted in nine patients. In one patient the worm migrated inside the bile duct while it was being caught in a Dormia basket. In this and two other patients, in whom the worm had migrated completely inside the bile duct, worms were removed with the help of a Dormia basket after endoscopic sphincterotomy. There were no complications of endoscopic therapy. In the two patients in whom biliary ascariasis was detected during surgery, the worms were removed after choledocholithotomy. On a mean follow-up of 13.8 months, only one patient had a recurrence of biliary ascariasis. It is concluded that biliary ascariasis is not an uncommon disease and must be considered as a possibility in patients presenting with acute cholangitis and biliary pain even in a non-endemic area. Ultrasonography is an excellent diagnostic tool and endoscopic management is very effective and safe in the treatment of these patients.  (+info)

Multilocular pyogenic hepatic abscess complicating ascaris lumbricoides infestation. (8/190)

A 74-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with frequent right flank pain. The multiple multilocular hepatic abscesses were revealed by computed tomography. Radiographs following a barium meal showed a linear filling defect in the ileum consistent with ascariasis. One day after treatment with pyrantel pamoate, an Ascaris was passed in the stool. The pyogenic hepatic abscesses gradually healed with both antibiotics and continuous drainage. After 2 months, he was discharged. In this case, the pyogenic hepatic abscesses were thus considered to have been caused by an inflammation which spread through the portal vein.  (+info)

Looking for Ascaris lumbricoides? Find out information about Ascaris lumbricoides. A genus of roundworms that are intestinal parasites in mammals, including humans Explanation of Ascaris lumbricoides
As bizarre as their migration might seem, there also are bizarre human stories surrounding these amazing worms. In 1922, Shimesu Koino ate 2000 eggs of Ascaris lumbricoides, and fed 500 Acaris suum eggs from pigs to his younger brother! Koino didnt fare so well, but he did demonstrate the pulmonary syndrome associated with early Ascaris infections. He also inferred the route of migration by finding larvae in his sputum. In 1970, annoyed that his roommates were bugging him to pay his rent on time, a postdoc at McGill University in Montreal, Eric Kranz, laced their food with hundreds of thousands of Ascaris lumbricoides eggs that he had taken from the parasitology lab at Macdonald College. Richard Davis, William Butler, David Fisk, and Keith Fern were each hospitalized and Kranz was charged with attempted murder. Ascaris eggs are extremely resistant to destruction; they remain viable for months to years. In 1920, Yoshido even demonstrated their ability to remain viable in the face of ...
As noted, in humans, the IgE and IgG responses to ABA-1 (Asc l 1) is more related with protection to A. lumbricoides infection[64] than with allergy symptoms. However, studies addressed to evaluate directly the allergenic role of this molecule have not been done, and therefore, the possibility that it acts as an allergy-symptoms inducer has not been ruled out. In contrast, tropomyosin is a well recognized invertebrate pan-allergen and Asc l 3 has a high degree of homology and cross-reactivity with mite tropomyosins. Although a role as protective antigen, such as Onchocerca tropomyosin[79] is also possible, we have data suggesting that it is associated with allergy symptoms, [15] which may be of epidemiological importance because a high percentage of the population living in the tropics have IgE reactivity to tropomyosins.. Our studies about the IgE responses to ABA-1 and Ascaris extract in humans suggest different roles for the allergens of this nematode. For example, in a case-control survey to ...
PONCE DE LEON, Patricia; FORESTO, Patricia y VALVERDE, Juana. Identification of ABO Blood Group like epitopes in vitro maintained Ascaris lumbricoides larvae. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.1, pp. 21-26. ISSN 1851-6114.. Previous experiences have demonstrated the same ABO System epitopes in A. lumbricoides extracts and in their hosts. The aims of this work were to study ABO antigenic determiner absorption by in vitro culture of the helminths larvae and to investigate ABO-Blood-Group-like substances in larvaes excretion/ secretion products. Larvae were obtained by hatching of A. lumbricoides eggs. The larvae were collected in 5 tubes with RPMI 1640 medium by the Baermann method. A, B and O erythrocytes were added in 3 of the tubes. The two remaining tubes were used as absorption Negative Control and to investigate larvaes excretion/secretion products. The Semiquantitative Inhibition Agglutination Test was applied by using monoclonal antibodies. The results showed ...
Post colonoscopy, the patient reported improvement in his symptoms and was discharged. At subsequent follow-up 2 weeks post-discharge, he remained well.. Ascaris Lumbricoides infestation is uncommon in developed countries. This patient started work in Singapore only 6 months prior to presentation. A variety of gastrointestinal complications have been associated with ascaris infestation including intestinal obstruction, perforation, volvulus, intussusception, appendicitis, cholecystitis, biliary colic, cholangitis, hepatic abscess, pancreatitis, depending on the site and severity of infestation.. We postulate that in this case, the large worm in the patients caecum contributed at least partially to his symptoms. The fact that his symptoms improved after endoscopic intervention is consistent with this. Indeed, on further questioning, he reported experiencing an intermittent, dull ache in the RIF for several months prior to his presentation with acute pain.. The diagnosis of ascaris infestation is ...
Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common of the intestinal worms. It is a roundworm and infection with it is called Ascariasis. Children are more frequently and more heavily infected than adults because of their habit of putting all kinds of things into their mouths. If these objects are contaminated with ascaris eggs from human faeces the children swallow the eggs and thus become infected ...
Ascariasis is the intestinal parasitic infection caused by Ascaris lumbricoides (roundworm). Its highest prevalence is observed in the tropical and subtropical areas. In contrast to silent forms of this illness or chronic symptomatology, massive infestation in children can lead to serious complications like intestinal obstruction requiring urgent surgical attention. We report a seven year old female child with severe sequelae of intestinal obstruction. ...
Carvalho, S. M. S.1. Silva, J. A. da2. Souza, H. K. O.3. Vianna, L. C.4. Reis, M. de D. dos4. Correa, F. M.5. RESUMO. A ingestão de parasitas por meio de alimentos constitui importante fonte de infecção e risco à segurança alimentar. A correta higienização de legumes, verduras e frutas pode prevenirproblemas graves de saúde. Doenças parasitáriaspodem produzir quadros de morbidade,com tendência ao óbito quando não tratadas.Esta proposta de trabalho objetivou o estudoda ação do hipoclorito de sódio e ácido acético,nas suas formas comerciais, no efeito sobrea membrana mamilonada de ovos de Ascaris lumbricoides, na tentativa de discutir o papel dos produtos higienizantes contra helmintos e protozoários. As coletas para obtenção dos Ascaris foram realizadas em verduras de feiras livres, fontes hídricas e sedimentos de solo, por meio das metodologias de Levai et al., adaptado; centrifugação de água, a 2.500rpm por 1 minuto; e a adaptação de Rugai e colaboradores, ...
Geophagy has been associated with iron deficiency and anaemia, but no causal relationship has been established. To clarify this, we conducted a two-by-two factorial randomised, controlled trial on the effect of iron and multimicronutrient supplementation on geophagy in Zambian schoolchildren in Lusaka, from February to December 2001. Of the 406 children, 212 (52.2%) were girls and the mean (range) age was 10.2 (7-15) years. Geophagy was reported by 302 (74.4%) and more often in girls than in boys (80.2 vs. 67.7%, P = 0.007). The mean (range) daily earth intake was 25.2 (1-200) g. Geophageous children had more often geophageous relatives than non-geophageous children (79.5 vs. 1.9%, P , 0.001). Geophageous children had lower serum ferritin (20.5 vs. 25.0 microg/l, P = 0.032) but not haemoglobin (Hb) (129.2 vs. 130.4 g/l, P = 0.59), than non-geophageous. Among those with Hb , 130 g/l, geophageous children had significantly higher prevalence (53.7 vs. 30.6%, P = 0.024) of Ascaris lumbricoides ...
1. Ascaris Lumbricoides - Download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online.
Epidemiologic studies of helminthic infections have shown that susceptibility to these parasites frequently aggregates in families, suggesting the possible involvement of genetic factors. This paper presents a genetic epidemiologic analysis of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in the Jirel population of eastern Nepal. A total of 1,261 individuals belonging to a single pedigree were assessed for intensity of Ascaris infection at two time points. Following an initial assessment in which all individuals were treated with albendazole, a follow-up examination was performed one year later to evaluate reinfection patterns. Three measures of worm burden were analyzed, including eggs per gram of feces, direct worm counts, and worm biomass (weight). For all traits, variance component analysis of the familial data provided unequivocal evidence for a strong genetic component accounting for between 30% and 50% of the variation in worm burden. Shared environmental (i.e., common household) effects account for between 3%
Helminth infections and allergic diseases are associated with IgE hyperresponsiveness but the genetics of this phenotype remain to be defined. Susceptibility to Ascaris lumbricoides infection and antibody levels to this helminth are associated with polymorphisms in locus 13q33-34. We aimed to explore this and other genomic regions to identify genetic variants associated with the IgE responsiveness in humans. Forty-eight subjects from Cartagena, Colombia, with extreme values of specific IgE to Ascaris and ABA-1, a resistance marker of this nematode, were selected for targeted resequencing. Burden analyses were done comparing extreme groups for IgE values. One-hundred one SNPs were genotyped in 1258 individuals of two well-characterized populations from Colombia and Sweden. Two low-frequency coding variants in the gene encoding the Acidic Mammalian Chitinase (CHIA rs79500525, rs139812869, tagged by rs10494133) were found enriched in high IgE responders to ABA-1 and confirmed by genetic association ...
alaria is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries particularly sub-Saharan Africa. Studies have shown that in Tanzania malaria, schistosome and soil-transmitted helminth infections (STH) (Hookworms, Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura) are co-endemic and that they share the human hosts. It has been hypothesized that co-infection with schistosomes and STH may modulate the immune response to Plasmodium falciparum leading to increased susceptibility to clinical malaria and severity of cases. The proposed study has as the main objective to investigate the effect of schistosome and STH infections and the effect of an anthelminthic intervention on P. falciparum malaria, related anaemia and malaria antibody responses among school and pre-school children in Mwanza, Tanzania. The study will include a cross-sectional baseline survey followed by an anthelminthic intervention trial of two years duration. At baseline, prevalence and intensity of malaria, schistosome and ...
Geohelminth infections are highly prevalent infectious diseases of childhood in many regions of the Tropics, and are associated with significant morbidity especially among pre-school and school-age children. There is growing concern that geohelminth infections, particularly exposures occurring during early life in utero through maternal infections or during infancy, may affect vaccine immunogenicity in populations among whom these infections are endemic. Further, the low prevalence of allergic disease in the rural Tropics has been attributed to the immune modulatory effects of these infections and there is concern that widespread use of anthelmintic treatment in high-risk groups may be associated with an increase in the prevalence of allergic diseases. Because the most widely used vaccines are administered during the first year of life and the antecedents of allergic disease are considered to occur in early childhood, the present study has been designed to investigate the impact of early exposures to
Quantifying the burden of parasitic diseases in relation to other diseases and injuries requires reliable estimates of prevalence for each disease and an analytic framework within which to estimate attributable morbidity and mortality. Here we use data included in the Global Atlas of Helminth Infection to derive new global estimates of numbers infected with intestinal nematodes (soil-transmitted helminths, STH: Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and the hookworms) and use disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) to estimate disease burden. Prevalence data for 6,091 locations in 118 countries were sourced and used to estimate age-stratified mean prevalence for sub-national administrative units via a combination of model-based geostatistics (for sub-Saharan Africa) and empirical approaches (for all other regions). Geographical variation in infection prevalence within these units was approximated using modelled logit-normal distributions, and numbers of individuals with infection intensities above
RESUMO Descreve-se uma técnica de sedimentação, na qual a suspensão fecal é colocada no topo de uma solução de sacarose de massa específica igual a 1,015 g/cm3. Em tubos de ensaio de 100 x 15 mm, experimentos em duplicata de sedimentação por gravidade foram realizados usando-se suspensões fecais homogeneizadas (colunas simples) e suspensões fecais sobrepostas às soluções de sacarose (colunas duplas). Contagens de cistos e de ovos e determinações turbidimétricas foram feitas nos sedimentos obtidos após definidos intervalos de tempo. A maioria dos ovos de Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura e Ancylostomidae sedimentaram dentro de 20 minutos em coluna simples e entre 30 e 60 minutos em coluna dupla. Cistos de Giardia duodenalis demandaram períodos muito mais longos para sedimentar em coluna dupla do que em coluna simples; após 180 minutos (período máximo de observação), sedimentos de coluna dupla produziram 60,0% da contagem da coluna simples. Sedimentos de coluna ...
I think it is Ascariasis, she says. I glance at her semi-shocked, mostly-impressed. This is how they live, they enter your stomach. The young ones crawl to your lungs and you cough them up. Then, you swallow what you coughed, and they start over. This tiny 62 year old woman with little formal education just summarized the lifecycle of Ascaris lumbricoides for me. I drop a couple of the best specimens into a jar of formalin and label it for pathology review. After about an hour I have the results of her liver function tests but am surprised to hear that our pathologists no longer review parasite slides for identification - the specimen has to go to the LA Public Health labs - that takes about a week to get results back. In any case, Im convinced that she has a worm infestation and give her the treatment (Albendazole) and a prescription for a few additional doses to take at home ...
Ascaris lumbricoides (the giant roundworm) is widespread in the tropics and subtropics where sanitation is poor and the soil is contaminated with its eggs. Ingested eggs hatch in the small bowel, cycle through the bloodstream and lungs, then return to the small bowel and develop into adult worms 15 to 30 cm long. Most infections are asymptomatic, but there may be pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia, abdominal discomfort and-in children with heavy infections-intestinal obstruction. Infection is diagnosed by finding eggs in the faeces. Treatment is with pyrantel, mebedenazole, or albendazole.... ...
Introduction: Ascaris lumbricoides induced intestinal obstruction is a sequel of this parasitic infestation. It presents as colic, vomiting (bilious or nonbilious), abdominal distention, and at times peritonitis. Management includes indoor admission, intravenous fluids, rectal enemas, and serial clinical and radiological assessment for detecting any indication of surgery. We, in our study, we analyzed the outcome of conservative management and the use of oral administration of 76% gastrograffin. Materials and Methods: Clinical parameters of all these patients were recorded and kept under close monitoring of the clinical parameters. Patients were initially subjected to conservative treatment whereby patients were advised nil per oral, nasogastric tube aspiration, intravenous fluid, rectal enemas, and antibiotics as indicated. In some patients, without signs of peritonitis and severe obstruction, contrast agent Gastrograffin was administered either per oral or vie6a nasogastric tube. Serial ...
The average patient age at tadalafil 20mg lowest price diagnosis was 30.6 years and the mean followup was 65 months. Responses in the human auditory cortex to natural speech reveal a dual character.. The evolution of pharmacokinetics and clinically useful drug assays tadalafil cost at walmart has led to pharmacokinetic dosing, a more sophisticated and exact method of dosing certain agents. Recent data suggest that insulin/C-peptide deficiency may exert a primary and key effect in diabetic encephalopathy.. Since the human heart has a complex anatomy, the two-dimensional analysis of myocardial scintigrams obviously is not satisfactory. A range of factors influence health-related quality of life in people with heart failure. Atrophic and a mixed pattern tadalafil online of acne scars improved with a 1320-nm Nd:YAG laser. Recurrent episodes of upper airway blockage associated with Ascaris lumbricoides causing cardiopulmonary arrest in a young patient. The need to measure the level of surgical risk ...
Riwayat : Paling disayangi. Paling aku puas hati. Spec lebih kurang 750i. Still kena tipu dengan kedai. Cybershot kunun! Lagi cantik gambar 750i. Tapi designnya cun yang buat aku jatuh hati (walaupun kiped sakit jari). Hilang kat opis. Sekejaaaaaaaap je aku tertinggal. Menyesal tak sudah. Kepada celaka yang ambik, aku doakan tangan ko kena penyek dgn lori simen pastu kena makan dengan ascaris lumbricoides..!! ...
Ascaridioza Ascaridioza este produsa de Ascaris lumbricoides, unul dintre cei mai frecventi paraziti. Ouăle sunt netede, au formă alungită ovalară, asimetrică, cu o față plană și una convexă în secțiune transversală. Simptomele comune prin care se manifestă parazitoza intestinală sunt: stări de greață.
The primary exposures are maternal geohelminth infections and infant infections during the first 2 years of life. Stool samples are collected during pregnancy or at the time of birth to determine maternal infection status and at 3, 7, 13, 18, and 24 months to determine infant infection status. Stool samples are examined using a combination of methods including modified Kato-Katz method, formol-ether concentration, and carbon-coproculture. Observations for measurement of differences are made at 7, 13, 24, 36, and 60 months of age. Follow-up of all participants will be to 5 years of age. ...
There is clear empirical evidence that environmental conditions can influence Ascaris spp. free-living stage development and host reinfection, but the impact of these differences on human infections, and interventions to control them, is variable. A new model framework reflecting four key stages of the A. lumbricoides life cycle, incorporating the effects of rainfall and temperature, is used to describe the level of infection in the human population alongside the environmental egg dynamics. Using data from South Korea and Nigeria, we conclude that settings with extreme fluctuations in rainfall or temperature could exhibit strong seasonal transmission patterns that may be partially masked by the longevity of A ...
Soil-transmitted helminth infections are intimately connected with poverty. Yet, there is a paucity of using socioeconomic proxies in spatially explicit risk profiling. We compiled household-level socioeconomic data pertaining to sanitation, drinking-water, education and nutrition from readily available Demographic and Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and World Health Surveys for Cambodia and aggregated the data at village level. We conducted a systematic review to identify parasitological surveys and made every effort possible to extract, georeference and upload the data in the open source Global Neglected Tropical Diseases database. Bayesian geostatistical models were employed to spatially align the village-aggregated socioeconomic predictors with the soil-transmitted helminth infection data. The risk of soil-transmitted helminth infection was predicted at a grid of 1×1km covering Cambodia. Additionally, two separate individual-level spatial analyses were carried out, for ...
We studied the influence of different additive materials (lime, and rice husk) and aeration conditions on Ascaris lumbricoides egg die-off in 24 vaults of an experimental excreta storage unit.; Excreta samples were collected once every two weeks over a 181-day period. Temperature, pH, and moisture content were recorded. A. lumbricoides eggs were quantitatively analyzed by…
Summary Immersion of motile specimens of Ascaris lumbricoides in piperazine solutions gradually results in paralysis of the worms. When the worms are split the muscle of the body wall contracts in response to acetylcholine. This response is rapidly blocked by dilute solutions of piperazine. Electrical stimulation of the muscle of the body wall also causes contraction. This contraction is not blocked by perfusion of this preparation with piperazine. This evidence indicates that piperazine produces paralysis of Ascaris by blocking the neuromuscular junction. This observation can account for the therapeutic effectiveness of piperazine against Ascaris. Ascaris muscle responds to several pharmacologically active compounds in a manner resembling vertebrate skeletal muscle.
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET - INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES SECTION I - INFECTIOUS AGENT NAME: Ascaris lumbricoides SYNONYM OR CROSS REFERENCE: Ascariasis, roundworm infection, ascaridiasis CHARACTERISTICS: Largest and most common intestinal nematode in humans; fertile eggs are oval to subspherical, 45-75 µm by 35-50 µm and are covered by a thick shell with a light brown mammillated, albuminous outer coat; unfertile eggs are thin-walled, ellipsoidal; found in the small intestine, particularly the jejunum SECTION II - HEALTH HAZARD PATHOGENICITY: Symptoms correlate with worm load: light loads are asymptomatic; heavier loads cause abdominal symptoms, diarrhea and malnutrition. A bolus of worms may obstruct the intestine; migrating larvae may cause pneumonitis and eosinophilia EPIDEMIOLOGY: Worldwide; greatest prevalence in the moist tropical countries where incidence exceeds 50%; incidence highest in children 3-8 years old HOST RANGE: Humans INFECTIOUS DOSE: Not known MODE OF TRANSMISSION: Ingestion of ...
Soil-transmitted helminth infections continue to plague large parts of the world with India a significant contributor to the burden of disease [2]. Despite efforts to introduce usage of pit-latrines instead of open defecation, mass deworming program and improvement in water quality and sanitation, STH infections are still prevalent. A conducive climate for its growth, rapid and unplanned urbanization, social practices of open defecation and lack of community education and sanitation are some of the factors, which impedes control of infection in India. India undertook two massive deworming programme, one starting in year 2000 where a single dose of Albendazole and DEC was administered to filarial endemic regions and another in year 2015 covering 241 million children for treatment of STH infections. Although several studies have been published from different regions of India on this topic with the earliest scientific literature dating back as far as 1923 [51], the data on STH infections remains ...
The three major Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH), Ascaris lumbricoides, Necator americanus/Ancylostoma duodenal and Trichuris trichiura are among the most prevalent parasites worldwide. The objective of this multicentre international study is to define the efficacy of a single 400 milligram dose of albendazole (ALB) against these three STHs using a standardised protocol. The trial will be undertaken among school age children in seven countries - Brazil, Cameroon, Cambodia, Ethiopia, India, Tanzania (Zanzibar) and Vietnam - each with a different epidemiologic pattern of infection. A trial of this nature is urgently required because in spite of the wide usage of albendazole over the last 3 decades, there is still no key publication reporting the efficacy of the anthelmintic accurately, and to modern conventional standards, that can act as a central reference for the baseline efficacy. The latter is critically important because albendazole is now being used even more widely, as large scale mass ...
Studies on intestinal helminthiasis among school children in Osogbo Local Government Area of Osun State, South-Western Nigeria. Abstract : Intestinal helminthiasis is one of the neglected parasitic diseases currently receiving attention from the international organization. This study was conducted in six selected primary schools in Osogbo town, southwestern Nigeria. Faecal samples from 336 pupils were examined using direct smear and formol either concentration method. Out of the 336 samples examined, 103 (30.1%) were positive for one or more intestinal parasites. Three helminth parasites were identified in the feacal samples namely; Ascaris lumbricoides (24%), hookworm (6%) and Trichuris trichura (3%) with cases of mixed infection; A. lumbricoides and hookworm (1.20%), A lumbricoides and T. trichura (0.3%), Hookworm and T. trichura (0.3%). None of the parasites was sex - dependent since the parasites were found in both sexes and all age groups. The infections were school dependent as public ...
Ascaris lumbricoides (AL) is one of the most common helminthic infections of humans, affecting mainly children and malnourished individuals residing in developing countries. It is estimated the 25% of the worlds population is infected with this nematode. Infection occurs via ingestion of water and food contaminated by Ascaris eggs, causing asymptomatic infection to disease with abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation and faecal passage of worms. The present report concerns an unusual case in which AL travelled retrograde and lodged in the vocal cords causing upper airway obstruction leading to asystolic cardiac arrest.
Ang Ascariasis ay isang karamdaman na dulot ng parasitiko na bulateng roundworm na Ascaris lumbricoides.[1] Ang mga impeksiyon ay walang sintomas sa mahigit sa 85% ng mga kaso, lalong-lalo na kung napakaunti ng bilang ng mga bulate.[1] Ang mga sintomas ay rarami sa pagdami ng mga bulate at maaaring kasama rito ang hirap sa paghinga at lagnat sa pagsisimula ng karamdaman.[1] Maaaring sundan ang mga ito ng paglaki ng tiyan, pananakit ng tiyan at pagtatae.[1] Ang mga bata ang pinakakaraniwang naaapektuhan nito, at sa grupo ng edad na ito, ang impeksiyon ay maaaring magdulot ng mabagal na pagtaas ng timbang, kakulangan ng nutrisyon at mga problema sa pag-aaral.[1][2][3] Ang impeksiyon ay nagaganap sa pagkain ng mga pagkain o inumin na kontaminado ng mga itlog ng Ascaris na nanggagaling sa dumi o tae.[2] Napipisa ang mga itlog sa mga bituka, bumubutas sa gilid ng tiyan, ay lumilipat sa mga baga sa pamamagitan ng dugo.[2] Lumulusot ang mga ito sa alveoli at dumadaan sa trachea o daaan ng hangin mula ...
Author Summary In rural western Kenya, both malaria and intestinal infections with worms are common. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to infection with malaria, but the effect on pregnancy of intestinal infections with worms is not clear and may depend both on how heavy the worm infection is and on the type of worm. Additionally, it is not clear whether infections with worms may affect malaria infections. In this article, we begin to disentangle some of these issues. Intestinal infections with worms were diagnosed in three-quarters of 390 pregnant women in western Kenya who provided a stool sample. In these women, intestinal worm infections caused a modest decrease both in haemoglobin levels and indicators of nutritional status. Women in their second and third pregnancies who were diagnosed with one particular type of worm infection (Ascaris lumbricoides) were less likely to have malaria than other women in their second or third pregnancies who did not have this type of worm infection.
Ascariasis merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh cacing bulat Ascaris lumbricoides yang parasit.[1] Dalam lebih 85% kes, jangkitan tidak menunjukkan apa-apa simptom, terutama sekali jika bilangan cacing adalah kecil.[1] Simptom bertambah dengan bilangan cacing yang ada dan boleh termasuk sesak nafas dan demam pada permulaan penyakit.[1] Simptom-simptom ini mungkin disusuli dengan simptom perut membuncit, sakit perut dan cirit-birit.[1] Kanak-kanak adalah golongan yang paling biasa dijangkiti dan pada peringkat umur ini, jangkitan boleh juga menyebabkan kurang penambahan berat badan, kekurangan zat makanan dan masalah pembelajaran.[1][2][3] Jangkitan berlaku melalui pengambilan makanan atau minuman yang tercemar oleh telur Ascaris daripada tinja.[2] Telur ini menetas di dalam usus, menebuk dinding perut, dan berpindah ke paru-paru melalui darah.[2] Di sana, larva-larva ini menebuk masuk ke dalam alveoli dan memasuki trakea, di mana ia diluahkan dengan batuk dan ditelan semula.[2] Larva-larva ...
Ascaris lumbricoides, which causes ascariasis, is the largest of the round worms (nematodes), with females measuring 30 cm x 0.5 cm.
Ipil-ipil seeds make an effective antihelminthic or deworming agent for both young and adult. Gather mature seeds of ipil-ipil (Leaucaena glauca), pulverize and mix with condensed milk or fruit puree. Three to five seeds to two tablespoonfuls of milk or juice make a dose, which is taken only once - or repeated after a week, if necessary. Mimosin in ipil-ipil, among other substances, expel common internal parasites like roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), tapeworm (Taenia solium), and hookworm, which are often contacted in unsanitary environments. Among the symptoms of internal parasitism is bad breath, constant stomach discomfort or pain, and enlargement of the stomach. ...
ID A0A0M3I4R5_ASCLU Unreviewed; 347 AA. AC A0A0M3I4R5; DT 11-NOV-2015, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 11-NOV-2015, sequence version 1. DT 31-JAN-2018, entry version 15. DE SubName: Full=Uncharacterized protein {ECO:0000313,WBParaSite:ALUE_0001181901-mRNA-1}; OS Ascaris lumbricoides (Giant roundworm). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Ecdysozoa; Nematoda; Chromadorea; Ascaridida; OC Ascaridoidea; Ascarididae; Ascaris. OX NCBI_TaxID=6252 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000036681, ECO:0000313,WBParaSite:ALUE_0001181901-mRNA-1}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000036681, ECO:0000313,WBParaSite:ALUE_0001181901-mRNA-1} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE. RG Helminth Genomes Consortium; RL Submitted (MAR-2015) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] {ECO:0000313,WBParaSite:ALUE_0001181901-mRNA-1} RP IDENTIFICATION. RG WormBaseParasite; RL Submitted (FEB-2017) to UniProtKB. CC -!- SIMILARITY: Belongs to the potassium channel family. CC {ECO:0000256,SAAS:SAAS00692852}. CC ...
A report is given of 34 cases of Ulcus rodens of the eye (Mooren), which were examined and treaded during a period of five years in Togo, West Africa. The cases were divided into two groups according to the development of the disease. In fourteen cases the progress of the disease was arrested by local treatment (described individually for each eye), and by simultaneous treatment of the Helminthosis (Ascaris lumbricoides and Ankylostoma duodenale), from which the patients were also suffering. It seems likely that Ulcus rodens is caused by an antigen-antibody reaction to Helminth toxins ...
braziliense and Uncinaria stenocephala infect each cats and puppies. Hookworms tend to be smaller than the enormous roundworms Ascaris lumbricoides and so lead to significantly less tissue harm and obstruction. The most important danger of hookworm an infection is anemia, secondary to lack of iron (and protein) in the intestine. The worms suck blood voraciously and harm the mucosa. Nonetheless, the blood decline within the stools just isnt visibly evident ...
Infections can help fight infertility. Stunned? Recently, the Journal Science confirmed a research that parasite Ascaris lumbricoides might be an additional boon for women who are trying to be pregnant for quite some time.
The second issue of the WHS newsletter is now available here. (http://www.worldhealthsummit.org/) Online registration has began and profiles of some of the keynote speakers. The Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina will host a panel on Climate Change and Health.. With reference to the impact of climatic change on parasitic diseases the Colombian Academy of Medicine informs us that a symposium is being organized at the XX Congress of the Latin American Federation of Parasitology in Bogotá, Colombia from 27 September to 1 October 2011. Topics covered will include: Climatic and non-climatic factors affecting tick borne diseases emergence and spread in Europe, Impact of climatic change on transmisssion of Ascaris lumbricoides and Distribution of Leishmaniasis. More information is available here. www.saludtropicalcolombia.org. An IAMP sponsored workshop on Scientific Writing will be held next week in Paris at the Académie des Sciences & Académie Nationale de Médecine. The aim is to ...
Looking for information on Ascariasis? Medigest has all you need to know about Ascariasis - Symptoms and Signs, Causes, Treatments and definition
Blood tests may be done to see an increase in certain white blood cells known as eosinophilia , but this is not specific to ensure their Ascaris infection. Further examination using X-ray , ultrasound , or CT scan and MRI to see if there are larvae in the lungs, the adult worms in the liver or pancreas, clumps of worms that clog the liver or pancreas. ...
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Ascariasis is an intestinal infection that occurs when the eggs of a parasitic roundworm are ingested. Read about signs and symptoms, treatment, and tips for prevention.
Learn more about Ascariasis at Doctors Hospital of Augusta DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ....
Survey: Cross-sectional - GPS coordinates (GIS) - Household - Individual - Interview - Nationally representative - Subnationally representative - Urban-rural representative ...
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Ascaris lumbricoides). Tracking the transmission of infectious diseases is called disease surveillance. Surveillance of ...
Ascaris lumbricoides Eustrongylides sp. Trichinella spiralis Trichuris trichiura Protozoa:[citation needed] Acanthamoeba and ...
It includes species-specific diseases such as Ascariasis, which is caused by Ascaris lumbricoides Hookworm diseases ( ... Ascaris lumbricoides Whipworms (family Trichuridae), e.g. Trichuris trichiura Hookworms (family Ancylostomatidae), e.g. ... Holland CV, Kennedy MW (Eds.) (2002). The Geohelminths: Ascaris, Trichuris and Hookworm. Springer. pp. 1-352. ISBN 978-0-7923- ... Soil-transmitted helminthiasis is a collective name for the diseases caused by ascaris, whipworm and hookworms in humans. ...
In the case of Ascaris lumbricoides (giant roundworm), which has been considered the most resistant and common helminth type, ... Lýsek H., Malínský J., Janisch R. (1985). "Ultrastructure of eggs of Ascaris lumbricoides Linnaeus, 1758. I. Egg-shells" (PDF ... In particular, the number of viable Ascaris eggs is often taken as an indicator for all helminth eggs in treatment processes as ... Ascaris is the name of a type of helminth, and ascariasis is the name of the infection caused by that helminth. Helminths are a ...
Standen O (1955). "Activity of Piperazine, in vitro, Against Ascaris lumbricoides". British Medical Journal. 2 (4930): 20-2. ...
Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Hymenolepis nana, and Enterobius vermicularis. Houseflies do not serve as a ...
Heft 1. p. 69-74). Ueber ausgepresste Extrakte von Ascaris lumbricoides und ihre Wirkung. (Z. Biol., 48, 86. - 1902). Thies - ... He is known for his pioneer research involving the metabolism of parasitic nematodes (Ascaris). He also published papers on the ...
These include Ascaris lumbricoides, commonly known as human giant roundworm; Strongyloides stercoralis, commonly known as human ... However, Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis and Enterobius vermicularis are not considered suitable for ... Hookworms have been linked to reduced risk of developing asthma, while Ascaris lumbricoides (roundworm infection) was ... Similarly, Hymenolepis nana, Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis, Enterobius vermicularis, and ...
Ascaris sp. Ascaris lumbricoides Intestines, liver, appendix, pancreas, lungs, Löffler's syndrome stool common in tropical and ...
Nematodes (e.g. Ascaris lumbricoides). *Other Protozoa (e.g. Cryptosporidium parvum, Cyclospora, Microsporidia, Entamoeba ...
Anthelminthic efficacy of traditional herbs on Ascaris lumbricoides. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2002; 32(3):893-900. Habluetzel A, ...
Whipworm commonly infects patients also infected with Giardia, Entamoeba histolytica, Ascaris lumbricoides, and hookworms.[ ... and Ascaris Lumbricoides Infections." The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, The American Society of Tropical ...
"Infection with Schistosoma mansoni correlates with altered immune responses to Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm". Acta Tropica ...
Hepatolithiasis is associated with Clonorchis sinensis and Ascaris lumbricoides infestation of the liver. This theory is based ...
Hagel I, Giusti T (October 2010). "Ascaris lumbricoides: an overview of therapeutic targets". Infect Disord Drug Targets. 10 (5 ... Ascaris lumbricoides, and Cyclospora cayetanensis). As of September 2015[update], it is in phase 3 clinical trials for the ... lumbricoides and other soil-transmitted helminthiases in human trials. Shoff WH (5 October 2015). Chandrasekar PH, Talavera F, ...
Hagel I, Giusti T (October 2010). "Ascaris lumbricoides: an overview of therapeutic targets". Infect Disord Drug Targets. 10 (5 ... Nitazoxanide - readily kills Ascaris lumbricoides,[5] and also possess antiprotozoal effects[6] ... Antiparasitics that specifically target worms of the genus Ascaris are called ascaricides. ... lumbricoides and other soil-transmitted helminthiases in human trials.. ...
... these include the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides and the liver flukes Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini and ...
Ascaris lumbricoides (škrkavka dětská); Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus (měchovci); Strongyloides stercoralis (hádě ... tasemnice).[2] U zvířat je indikován při infekcích hlísticemi rodu Trichuris, Ancylostoma, Uncinaria, Ascaris, Toxocara, ...
The seeds and fruits are used for medicinal purposes for the worm diseases caused by nematode Ascaris lumbricoides. Artocarpus ...
The first crucial step in understanding the life cycle of the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides was demonstrated by Grassi in a ... He was the first to demonstrate the direct life cycle of the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides by self-experimentation. He ...
... namely Ascaris lumbricoides), and • veenma 'to convince'. Other Aavikisms ex nihilo (not appearing in Aavik 1921) include • ...
In it he also differentiates the earthworm (generally regarded as a helminth) and Ascaris lumbricoides, the human roundworm. An ... including Fasciola hepatica and Ascaris lumbricoides. He also distinguished earthworms from helminths (like tapeworms, flukes, ...
A variety of parasites can affect the lungs, including Toxoplasma gondii, Strongyloides stercoralis, Ascaris lumbricoides, and ... Some parasites, in particular those belonging to the Ascaris and Strongyloides genera, stimulate a strong eosinophilic reaction ...
Ascaris lumbricoides. Other well-known microscopists spent time observing and describing free-living and animal-parasitic ... Boveri, T. (1893). "Ueber die Entstehung des Gegensatzes zwischen den Geschlectszellen und den somatischen Zellen bei Ascaris ... was studying Ascaris megalocephala when he discovered the separation of halves of each of the chromosomes from the two parents ...
... was used in treatment of infestation by the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides and in ascarid parasitoses in general ( ...
Ascariasis merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh cacing bulat Ascaris lumbricoides yang parasit.[1] Dalam lebih 85% kes, ... Hagel, I; Giusti, T (Oct 2010). "Ascaris lumbricoides: an overview of therapeutic targets". Infectious disorders drug targets. ... Dold, C; Holland, CV (Jul 2011). "Ascaris and ascariasis". Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur. 13 (7): 632-7. doi: ... Jangkitan berlaku melalui pengambilan makanan atau minuman yang tercemar oleh telur Ascaris daripada tinja.[2] Telur ini ...
She continued in Bristol, gaining a PhD exploring the function of muscle in the tapeworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), under the ...
Ascaris suum) typically infects pigs while Ascaris lumbricoides affects human populations, typically in sub-tropical and ... Piperazine, a flaccid paralyzing agent that causes a blocking response of ascaris muscle to acetylcholine. The narcotizing ... of the genus Ascaris (giant intestinal roundworms). The large roundworm of pigs ( ...
The first SmY RNA was discovered in 1996 in purified Ascaris lumbricoides spliceosome preparations, as was another called SmX ... and Ascaris), but not in the more distantly related Trichinella spiralis in class Dorylaimia. The number of SmY genes in each ...
Ascaris lumbricoides. March 4, 2006 10:06 PM Subscribe. Ascaris lumbricoides. According to estimates, about 1.5 billion people ... are hosts to the Ascaris lumbricoides parasitic worm. Ascaris worms can grow to be 18 inches in length, and use their hosts ... Great post.... I am (supposed to be) working on some Ascaris lumbricoides gene sequences as I speak. Ill add another ... From the site with the Ascaris video linked above, here are more GI parasite videos (including more Ascaris). (self-link). ...
This is an egg of Ascaris lumbricoides. Ascarides are roundworms, a common parasitic infection throughout the world. It is ... This is an egg of Ascaris lumbricoides. Ascarides are roundworms, a common parasitic infection throughout the world. It is ...
SPECIAL HAZARDS: Avoid generation of aerosols when working with infective stages of Ascaris since frequent exposure to ... SUSCEPTIBILITY TO DISINFECTANTS: Susceptible to 1% sodium hypochlorite, 2% glutaraldehyde; ascaris eggs are resistant to ...
Of these, the intestinal roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides is the most common. ... encoded search term (Ascaris Lumbricoides) and Ascaris Lumbricoides What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ... Ascaris Lumbricoides Treatment & Management. Updated: May 18, 2016 * Author: Aaron Dora-Laskey, MD; Chief Editor: Jeter (Jay) ... The roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides causes ascariasis. Worms can reach 10-30 cm in length. Clinical disease results from effects ...
Preserved specimens of the roundworm Ascaris. Mostly females, with a few males for comparison. Fixed in formalin and shipped in ... Preserved Ascaris lumbricoides, Unit of 100. Item # 224410 *bvseo_sdk, java_sdk, bvseo-4.0.0 ... Preserved specimens of the roundworm Ascaris. Mostly females, with a few males for comparison. Fixed in formalin and shipped in ... Preserved specimens of the roundworm Ascaris. Mostly females, with a few males for comparison. Fixed in formalin and shipped in ...
Ascaris Lumbricoides (Ascariasis) answers are found in the Select 5-Minute Pediatrics Topics powered by Unbound Medicine. ... Ascaris Lumbricoides (Ascariasis) is a sample topic from the Select 5-Minute Pediatrics Topics. To view other topics, please ... Ascaris lumbricoides is a large parasitic nematode (roundworm), 15-40 cm in length, which infects humans via eggs found in soil ... Ascaris lumbricoides infections. In: Pickering LK, Baker CJ, Kimberlin DW, et al, eds. Red Book: 2012 Report of the Committee ...
Ascaris Lumbricoides infestation is uncommon in developed countries. This patient started work in Singapore only 6 months prior ... Gastrointestinal: Incidental findings of Ascaris Lumbricoides in patient presenting with ureteric colic. Authors. *. K-V Tay,. ... several linear tubular and coiled structures were also seen in the sigmoid colon which were likely adult Ascaris Lumbricoides ... The diagnosis of ascaris infestation is usually made through a combination of blood counts showing marked leucocystosis and ...
Ascaris lumbricoides is a neglected parasite that induces changes in host immune response. This study is conducted to define ... lumbricoides infection in our locality is associated with significantly high levels of IL-4 and IL-5.Keywords: Ascaris ... Sera of 60 A. lumbricoides-infected children and 20 controls were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mean sera ... lumbricoides-infected children and controls. The intensity of infection correlated positively with IL-4 and IL-5 at r=0.959 and ...
Ascaris lumbricoides. Thiabendazole. Ovicide. Resumo Foi estudada, in vitro, a ação do tiabendazol, contra ovos de Ascaris ... Abstract The in vitro activity of thiabendazole on Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, which were recovered from uteri of worm excreted ... Goulart et al6 treated egg cultures of Ascaris lumbricoides, T. trichiura and Ancylostoma caninum with thiabendazole, using 1, ... 5. Fairbairn D. The in vitro hatching of Ascaris lumbricoides eggs. Canadian Journal of Zoology 39:153-62, 1961. [ Links ]. 6. ...
This observation can account for the therapeutic effectiveness of piperazine against Ascaris. Ascaris muscle responds to ... This evidence indicates that piperazine produces paralysis of Ascaris by blocking the neuromuscular junction. ... Summary Immersion of motile specimens of Ascaris lumbricoides in piperazine solutions gradually results in paralysis of the ... Investigations on the Action of Piperazine on Ascaris Lumbricoides * Stata Norton, E. J. de Beer1 ...
This paper presents a genetic epidemiologic analysis of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in the Jirel population of eastern Nepal ... A total of 1,261 individuals belonging to a single pedigree were assessed for intensity of Ascaris infection at two time points ... f Genetic analysis of susceptibility to infection with Ascaris lumbricoides. * S Williams-Blangero, J Subedi, R P Upadhayay, D ... This paper presents a genetic epidemiologic analysis of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in the Jirel population of eastern Nepal ...
Ascaris Lumbricoides. 1. Ascaris Lumbricoides 2. Ascaris Lumbricoides* Ascaris lumbricoides , common saying round worm of man, ... Ascaris Lumbricoides - Ascaris Lumbricoides Ascaris Lumbricoides Ascaris lumbricoides , common saying round worm of man , is ... Ascaris lumbricoides - Ascaris lumbricoides Female Male Ascaris lumbricoides cont. Ascaris lumbricoides cont. Lumbricus ... ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES Ascariasis - ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES Ascariasis ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES Morfolog a: ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES Ciclo ...
Effect of Ascaris Lumbricoides specific IgE on tuberculin skin test responses in children in a high-burden setting: a cross- ... The author explains the feature of Ascaris lumbricoides, the suspected cause of the patients case, as one of the most common ... It refers to infestation with the roundworm ascaris lumbricoides. Symptoms of the disorder include mild nausea, abdominal pain ... Home » MONRATE: A descriptive tool for calculation and prediction of re-infection of Ascaris lumbricoides (Ascaridida: ...
Ascaris lumbricoides-induced interleukin-10 is not associated with atopy in school children in a rural area of the tropics. J ... Evidence for in utero sensitization to Ascaris lumbricoides in newborns of mothers with ascariasis. Irene Guadalupe,1 Edward ... Human infections with Ascaris lumbricoides may have important effects on allergy and susceptibility to infectious diseases that ... Illness caused by the geohelminth or intestinal helminth parasites, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and hookworm is ...
Palabras clave : ABO epitopes; Culture; Larvae; Ascaris lumbricoides. · resumen en Español · texto en Español · Español ( pdf ... Identification of ABO Blood Group like epitopes in vitro maintained Ascaris lumbricoides larvae. Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam. ... Larvae were obtained by hatching of A. lumbricoides eggs. The larvae were collected in 5 tubes with RPMI 1640 medium by the ... Previous experiences have demonstrated the same ABO System epitopes in A. lumbricoides extracts and in their hosts. The aims of ...
OLorcain, P. and Holland, C., The public health importance of Ascaris lumbricoides, Parasitology, 121, 2000, 51 - 71 ... The public health importance of Ascaris lumbricoides.pdf (Published (publishers copy) - Peer Reviewed) 347.3Kb ... Recent investigations have also indicated that Ascaris infections can affect mental processing in some school children. Poor ...
... ... "Seasonally Timed Treatment Programs for Ascaris Lumbricoides to Increase Impact : an Investigation Using Mathematical Models." ... "Seasonally Timed Treatment Programs for Ascaris Lumbricoides to Increase Impact : an Investigation Using Mathematical Models." ... Seasonally timed treatment programs for Ascaris lumbricoides to increase impact : an investigation using mathematical models. ...
An Ascaris lumbricoides of 25cm in length was extracted. After exploration was completed with a Fogarty catheter, and no ... Accidental finding of Ascaris lumbricoides in the common bile duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy transcystic exploration ...
Ascaris lumbricoides infection: an unexpected cause of pancreatitis in a western Mediterranean country ... Ascaris lumbricoides is a nematode parasite, endemic in the Middle East and South America, especially in rural countries. ... Ascaris lumbricoides infestation is acquired through ingestion of eggs in raw vegetables. The human is the definitive host. ... Ascaris lumbricoides infestation as a cause of intestinal obstruction in children: experience with 87 cases. Journal of ...
Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most well-known helminthic parasites affecting humans, and ascariasis remains common with , ... Sonographic diagnosis of Ascaris lumbricoides infestation as a cause of intestinal obstruction. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, ... Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal , Past issues , Volume 19, 2013 , Volume 19, issue 12 , Case report: Ascaris lumbricoides ... Clinical appraisal of Ascaris lumbricoides, with special reference to surgical complications. Pediatric Surgery International, ...
Here the IVRS from L2 and L3/4 stages of Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum were examined for the first time both ... Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum respectively. The importance of detailed biological examination of the IVRS from these ... and Biochemical Analysis of Larval Secreted Antigens from the Parasitic Nematodes Ascaris suum and Ascaris lumbricoides ... and Biochemical Analysis of Larval Secreted Antigens from the Parasitic Nematodes Ascaris suum and Ascaris lumbricoides. PhD ...
is the official journal of the Italian Association of Clinical Microbiologists (AMCLI) and it is published by PAGEPress®, Pavia, Italy. All credits and honors to PKP for their OJS. ...
Infestation with Ascaris lumbricoides is a worldwide phenomenon. While most patients with Ascaris infection are asymptomatic, ... Sridhar VB, Peter JH: Acute Gl and Surgical complications of Ascaris lumbricoides infection. Infect Med 2003; 20:154-9 ... Ascaris lumbricoides and intestinal perforation. Br J Surg. 1987;74:643-4. ... Gross examination showed serosal exudates with ulceration of mucosa and an Ascaris worm in the lumen (Figure 1). Microscopy ...
Ascaris Lumbricoides - Download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation ... Ascaris lumbricoides. Phylum : Nemathelminthes Class : Nematoda (roundworms) Superfamily : Ascaridoidea Genus : Ascaris ... lumbricoides unfertilized egg in a wet mount.gov/dpdx) A.cdc. 200× magnification (www. lumbricoides fertilized eggs in a wet ... Kwashiorkor erat hubungannya dengan infeksi Ascaris. .. Imunitas terhadap cacing dewasa yang bermigrasi keluar usus adalah ...
Ascaris lumbricoides. Revision as of 15:44, 28 July 2015 by Rossdonaldson1. (talk , contribs) (→‎Workup) ... Result of Ascaris or hookworm larval transit through the lungs. *Characterized by persistent non-productive cough, chest pain, ... Retrieved from "https://www.wikem.org/w/index.php?title=Ascaris_lumbricoides&oldid=42723" ...
ROUNDWORM (Ascaris lumbricoides) Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common of the intestinal worms. It is a roundworm and ... Cacing perut (Ascaris lumbricoides) ini bisa tumbuh dengan seukuran kelingking sepanjang 30 cm menetap diusus sehingga sari ... If these objects are contaminated with ascaris eggs from human faeces the children swallow the eggs and thus become infected. * ... Infeksi cacing Askaris lumbricoides atau cacing perut adalah infeksi yang hampir semua orang bisa terjadi sehingga cacing ini ...
నెల్లూరు: మనుబోలు మండలం బద్వేలు క్రాస్‌రోడ్డు దగ్గర కారు బోల్తా, ముగ్గురికి గాయాలు,కర్నూలు: 16 వ రోజు జగన్ ప్రజా సంకల్ప యాత్ర,రంగారెడ్డి: మైలార్‌దేవ్‌పల్లిలో కింగ్స్‌ కాలనీలో ముస్తఫా అనే వ్యక్తిపై దుండగుల కాల్పులు,కడప: జగన్ సీఎం అయితే తన ఆస్తులు పెరుగుతాయి..చంద్రబాబు సీఎంగా ఉంటే ప్రజల ఆస్తులు పెరుగుతాయి: మంత్రి సోమిరెడ్డి,సిరిసిల్ల: అన్ని గ్రామాల్లో కేసీఆర్ గ్రామీణ ప్రగతి ...
About Ascaris lumbricoides The nematode Ascaris lumbricoides, or human large roundworm, infects the small intestine of humans. ... Ascaris lumbricoides BioProject PRJEB4950 , Data Source Wellcome Sanger Institute , Taxonomy ID 6252 ... A. lumbricoides is the most common human parasitic infection, responsible for an estimated billion infections. Infections with ... A. lumbricoides is often asymptomatic and pathology is related to parasite burden. Heavily infected children may suffer poor ...
Ascaris lumbricoides is a common nematode infecting humans worldwide with increased Here, we present a case of an intestinal ... the intestinal nematode Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common. of Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus ... Ascaris lumbricoides is a common nematode infecting humans worldwide with increased Here, we present a case of an intestinal ... Diagnosis of Ascaris lumbricoides infection using capsule endoscopy. Exploration was done to exclude any other affected areas ...
  • Ascaris lumbricoides is a large parasitic nematode (roundworm), 15-40 cm in length, which infects humans via eggs found in soil. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Children commonly acquire this infection from playing in dirt contaminated with Ascaris eggs. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Microscopic examination of stool specimens will demonstrate the characteristic ascaris eggs (round with thick shell). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • By using thiabendazole in pigs experimentally infected with Ascaris suun, Egerton 3 4 observed morphological changes in the eggs and inhibition of embryonation. (scielo.br)
  • Among these drugs, only thiabendazole proved ovicidal on A. lumbricoides eggs 48 hours after treatment. (scielo.br)
  • From this prospect the authors have identified in vitro the minimum thiabendazole dose with ovicidal activity on A. lumbricoides eggs. (scielo.br)
  • Larvae were obtained by hatching of A. lumbricoides eggs. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides infestation is acquired through ingestion of eggs in raw vegetables. (who.int)
  • If these objects are contaminated with ascaris eggs from human faeces the children swallow the eggs and thus become infected. (blogspot.com)
  • Ascaris infection mar rarely occur by inhalation of eggs. (biologyeducare.com)
  • Transmission Transmission occurs mainly via ingestion of water or food (raw vegetables or fruit in particular) contaminated with A. lumbricoides eggs and occasionally via inhalation of contaminated dust. (stanford.edu)
  • In 1922, Shimesu Koino ate 2000 eggs of Ascaris lumbricoides , and fed 500 Acaris suum eggs from pigs to his younger brother! (blogspot.com)
  • In 1970, annoyed that his roommates were bugging him to pay his rent on time, a postdoc at McGill University in Montreal, Eric Kranz, laced their food with hundreds of thousands of Ascaris lumbricoides eggs that he had taken from the parasitology lab at Macdonald College. (blogspot.com)
  • Today's is a precursor, of sorts - the eggs of Ascaris were recently marketed as a diet aid in Hong Kong . (blogspot.com)
  • The shoddy history of Ascaris is monogenetic as it regains only one host, i.e., man, However, the higher history of Ascaris lumbricoides can be grew as:Adults-->fertilised eggs pass out-->larvae stomach in egg shell and : Biren Patel. (teamuanjou49.com)
  • Eggs of A. lumbricoides have been identified in archeological coprolites in the States, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and New Zealand, the oldest ones being more than 24,000 years old. (medigoo.com)
  • The infection with Ascaris lumbricoides is diagnosed by identifying the characteristic eggs in the stool of the infected person. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Of the week's total of 26 stool specimens, there were only three with Ascaris lumbricoides eggs and two with Entamoeba histolytica cysts. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Heterogeneities in the exposure of individuals to infectious eggs have an important role in the epidemiology of A. lumbricoides infection. (westminster.ac.uk)
  • This proposed work aimed to study the action of sodium hypochlorite and acetic acid, in their comercial forms, and their effect on mammillated projections in the outer membrane of eggs of Ascaris lumbricoides in an attempt to discuss the role of sanitizing products against helminths and protozoa. (laes-haes.com.br)
  • from Ethiopia and Rwanda) excreting A. lumbricoides and/or T. trichiura eggs were enrolled. (unibas.ch)
  • A. lumbricoides eggs were quantitatively analyzed by the Romanenko method, which identified and counted live and dead eggs. (wordpress.com)
  • Over 181 storage days, all vaults option effectively reduced A. lumbricoides eggs die-off. (wordpress.com)
  • Here the IVRS from L2 and L3/4 stages of Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum were examined for the first time both immunochemically and biochemically to evaluate their usefulness for specific detection of ascariasis and for possible use in vaccination of animals or humans against Ascaris infection. (gla.ac.uk)
  • [1 ] In endemic areas, mass treatment with mebendazole should be advocated so as to reduce morbidity and although ascariasis is very rare in developed countries, yet clinicians should consider Ascaris infection in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen, due to current age ease of traveling, and acquired infections in travelers to tropical regions. (tropicalgastro.com)
  • Phylum : Nemathelminthes Class : Nematoda (roundworms) Superfamily : Ascaridoidea Genus : Ascaris Penyakit : Ascariasis Geographical distribution (distribusi geografis) 1. (scribd.com)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides is a common nematode infecting humans worldwide with increased Here, we present a case of an intestinal ascariasis. (programmist.info)
  • Infection created by Ascaris lumbricoides is known as Ascariasis. (biologyeducare.com)
  • A parasite names Ascaris lumbricoides causes ascariasis. (medicinenet.com)
  • Triplex polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of major soil-transmitted helminths, Ascaris lumbricoidesTrichuris trichiuraNecator americanusin fecal samples. (programmist.info)
  • Reuse of sewage biosolids in Victoria, Australia, typically involves mesophilic anaerobic digestion followed by air-drying and long-term storage to ensure removal of ova of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) such as Ascaris lumbricoides. (environmental-expert.com)
  • There is a relatively small amount of experimental data regarding the in vitro - released secretory products (IVRS) of the parasitic roundworm nematodes of man and swine, Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum respectively. (gla.ac.uk)
  • The secreted products of A. suum and A. lumbricoides were examined by radio-iodination followed by SDS-PAGE. (gla.ac.uk)
  • SRIP's with sera from rabbits infected either by A. suum or A. lumbricoides and 125I-labelled IVRS of the larval stages of these parasites followed by examination of the immunoprecipitates by SDS-PAGE, showed that there was complete crossreactivity of a given antiserum of one species and the antigens of the other, including the Mr 17000 antigen of A. lumbricoides. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Additionally there was also extensive crossreactivity of antiserum from rabbits infected with the ascaridoidean parasite Toxocara canis and the secreted antigens of both A. suum and A. lumbricoides. (gla.ac.uk)
  • These findings advised against the use of IVRS from Ascaris species in possible serodiagnostic assays or in serological tests to differentiate between A. suum and A. lumbricoides as separate species. (gla.ac.uk)
  • There is no significant animal reservoir, but A. suum, which infects pigs, is morphologically similar to A. lumbricoides, and the larval forms can occasionally infect humans. (stanford.edu)
  • Terror: We only request your email account so that the person you are using the page to stylistics that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not do by: Ascaris lumbricoides, the most form, and Ascaris suum, the life history of ascaris lumbricoides pdf satisfy, are very similar in structure and many have the two evolved from a particular origin. (teamuanjou49.com)
  • Although the sidered to be virtually identical (conspecific) in the detailed mechanisms of action are unclear, exper- past, such as Ascaris lumbricoides of humans and A . imental evidence from exposure of intestinal hel- suum of pigs, have recently been shown to be distinct, minths of several different species to albendazole without cross infection under natural conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • Antigenic Analysis of Isolated Tissues and Body Fluids of Roundworm, Ascaris Lumbricoides Va. Suum (3 Monographs by Oliver-Gonzalez, Jose: George Banta Publ. (abebooks.com)
  • Fine lumbricoides is the largest and most common of the intestinal helminths, and general cm in spite. (teamuanjou49.com)
  • Two patients underwent extensive serologic testing for helminths by ELISA, including tests for Dirofilaria immitis, Toxocara canis, Ascaris lumbricoides , Anisakis spp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Illness caused by the geohelminth or intestinal helminth parasites, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura , and hookworm is recognized as a major cause of disability in resource poor regions of the tropics where they are estimated to infect approximately 2 billion humans. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • One cause of intestinal obstruction by parasites is A. lumbricoides infection. (who.int)
  • Parasites isolated from the currency notes included Ascaris lumbricoides (8. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Tests to detect parasites showed Ascaris lumbricoides in 8 (2%), Blastocystis hominis in 23 (5. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The parasites identified were Ascaris lumbricoides (33%), Strongyloides sp. (bvsalud.org)
  • Human infections with Ascaris lumbricoides may have important effects on allergy and susceptibility to infectious diseases that start in early life. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Infections with geohelminths including A. lumbricoides , the most prevalent geohelminth, may influence both the development of allergy, 1 and susceptibility to helminth and non-parasitic infectious diseases of childhood. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 4 To our knowledge, there is no published evidence that maternal infections with A. lumbricoides , alters the immune response in utero , even though this helminth is estimated to infect over 1 billion people. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • To investigate possible in utero effects on the immune response by maternal A. lumbricoides infections, we compared cord blood CD4+ T cell responses in newborns of A. lumbricoides -infected and non-infected mothers. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Recent investigations have also indicated that Ascaris infections can affect mental processing in some school children. (tcd.ie)
  • A. lumbricoides is the most common human parasitic infection, responsible for an estimated billion infections. (wormbase.org)
  • Infections with A. lumbricoides is often asymptomatic and pathology is related to parasite burden. (wormbase.org)
  • Koino didn't fare so well, but he did demonstrate the pulmonary syndrome associated with early Ascaris infections. (blogspot.com)
  • Much of our current understanding of the epidemiology of Ascaris lumbricoides infections in humans has been acquired by analyzing worm count data. (westminster.ac.uk)
  • In this review we discuss about the allergenic composition of the nematode Ascaris lumbricoides and their potential impact on allergy sensitization and asthma pathogenesis and prevalence in populations living in the tropics and naturally exposed to both, mite allergens and helminth infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The patterns of infection vary regionally but exposed people living in urban setting suffer mild, intermittent infections by Ascaris . (biomedcentral.com)
  • A 500 mg chewable MBZ tablet was more efficacious than placebo for the treatment of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura infections in pediatric patients, and no safety concerns were identified. (unibas.ch)
  • Ascaris Lumbricoides infestation is uncommon in developed countries. (wiley.com)
  • The diagnosis of ascaris infestation is usually made through a combination of blood counts showing marked leucocystosis and eosinophilia, stool studies and radiographic imaging. (wiley.com)
  • The infestation can present as a wide range of symptoms: intestinal perforation or occlusion, cholangitis, obstructive jaundice, acute pancreatitis or appendicitis, pneumonia and respiratory failure and allergic reactions to the ascaris antigen. (who.int)
  • Infestation with Ascaris lumbricoides is a worldwide phenomenon. (tropicalgastro.com)
  • Roundworms (Ascaris Lumbricoides) cause the most common human worm infestation. (myhealth.gov.my)
  • Goulart et al 6 treated egg cultures of Ascaris lumbricoides, T. trichiura and Ancylostoma caninum with thiabendazole, using 1, 10 and 100mg doses and demonstrated the ovicidal inefficiency of this anthelmintic for the first two parasite species. (scielo.br)
  • Cure rates and % egg reduction rates are presented from studies published through March 1998 both for the recommended single dose of 400 mg for hookworm (separately for Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale when possible), Ascaris lumbricoides , Trichuris trichiura , and Enterobius vermicularis and, in separate tables, for doses other than a single dose of 400 mg. (cdc.gov)
  • [2] U zvířat je indikován při infekcích hlísticemi rodu Trichuris , Ancylostoma , Uncinaria , Ascaris , Toxocara , Toxascaris , Strongyloides . (wikipedia.org)
  • The most serious STH species infecting humans include roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale). (intechopen.com)
  • of Ascaris lumbricoides and Necator americanus distributions in Manufahi District , Timor-Leste. (programmist.info)
  • Of these, 250 million are infected by Ascaris lumbriocides , 46 million by Trichuris trichiura , 151 million by hookworms and 56 million by Strongyloides stercoralis 1 7 15 17 . (scielo.br)
  • This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of a new chewable, rapidly-disintegrating mebendazole (MBZ) 500 mg tablet for Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infection treatment. (unibas.ch)
  • Identification of ABO Blood Group like epitopes in vitro maintained Ascaris lumbricoides larvae. (scielo.org.ar)
  • Genetic analysis of susceptibility to infection with Ascaris lumbricoides. (medscape.com)
  • Their games and activities probably provide ample opportunity for infection with Ascaris lumbricoides through ingestion of egg-infested soil on their hands or which may be carded inside and ingested with food. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Around the world at any given time, about 807-1,121 million people are infected with Ascaris, 576-740 million people are infected with hookworm, and 604-795 million people are infected with whipworm. (healthline.com)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides , common saying round worm of man, is the largest of the intestinal nematodes parasitizing humans. (powershow.com)
  • The nematode Ascaris lumbricoides , or human large roundworm, infects the small intestine of humans. (wormbase.org)
  • Adult Ascaris lumbricoides , the most common nematode parasite of humans, live in the small intestines. (blogspot.com)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides, a roundworm, accommodates humans via the fecal-oral route. (teamuanjou49.com)
  • However, most of the allergens from A. lumbricoides are unknown, and for a long time, the evaluation of IgE response in humans has been based on the use of the whole parasite extract or preparations from corporal fluids. (biomedcentral.com)
  • One author (R.S.B.) had observed multiple highly abnormal forms of Ascaris lumbricoides roundworms being passed by humans during the course of human intestinal helminth surveillance studies in the eastern Solomon Islands. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • According to estimates, about 1.5 billion people--about a quarter of the earth's population--are hosts to the Ascaris lumbricoides parasitic worm. (metafilter.com)
  • A. lumbricoides infection was suspected as the patient's mother gave a history of expulsion of one very big worm from the ear shortly before coming to the hospital. (who.int)
  • Radio-iodination of IVRS from Ascaris species involved material collected from the supernatants of worm cultures in vitro, not necessarily representative of the products of living worms, but could have consisted of worm somatic components. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Gross examination showed serosal exudates with ulceration of mucosa and an Ascaris worm in the lumen (Figure 1). (tropicalgastro.com)
  • The case reported highlights the possibility of unusual airway obstruction in post operative period due to obstruction caused by regurgitation of round worm (Ascaris Lumbricoides). (ispub.com)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides, (common roundworm), the largest nematode parasitizing man is specially prevalent in the tropics.The adult worm lives in the lumen of the small intestine (jejunum) of man and maintains its position by its muscle tone .The adult worm frequently migrate up in the oesophagus and is vomited out. (ispub.com)
  • We here report a rare case, in which a single live ascaris worm had caused jejunal perforation. (jsurgacad.com)
  • Bayesian methods were used to fit a three-level hierarchical statistical model to A. lumbricoides worm counts derived from a three-round chemo-expulsion study carried out in Dhaka, Bangladesh. (westminster.ac.uk)
  • The household covariates identified as being associated with worm burden provide valuable insights into the source of these heterogeneities although above all emphasize and reiterate that infection with A. lumbricoides is inextricably associated with acute poverty. (westminster.ac.uk)
  • The article discusses a research on the results of a human genome scan for quantitative trait loci in influencing susceptibility to Ascaris lumbricoides. (ebscohost.com)
  • The 13q33-34 region harbours a susceptibility locus to Ascaris lumbricoides, although the underlying genes are unknown. (cdc.gov)
  • However it might be possible, by raising monoclonal antibodies (McAb) against Ascaris IVRS to find McAb's that differentiate between the Ascaris species and/or provide specificity in serodiagnostic assays. (gla.ac.uk)
  • Kutsumi et al 12 added thiabendazole to the night-soil and verified a decrease in human hookworm, A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura transmission in three areas, compared with non-treated areas. (scielo.br)
  • We studied the growth of primary schoolchildren with hookworm (87%), T. trichiura (97%), and A. lumbricoides (49%) who received a single 400 mg dose of albendazole or an identical placebo. (ac.ke)
  • The PL group had a borderline increase in geometric means hookworm egg count, no significant change in T. trichiura egg count, and a small but significant decrease in A. lumbricoides egg count. (ac.ke)
  • Hookworm egg count entered the equations for all 6 measurements, and A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura entered 4/6 equations. (ac.ke)
  • article{8548676, abstract = {There is clear empirical evidence that environmental conditions can influence Ascaris spp. (ugent.be)
  • Capsule endoscopy revealed a live helminth in the terminal ileum, which was identified as Ascaris lumbricoides (Figure 1). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is estimated that the current prevalence of A. lumbricoides in stool samples is approximately two percent in the United States, but it may be more than 30 percent in children between the ages of one to five years, particularly in rural areas of the South [10,11]. (stanford.edu)
  • 130 g/l, geophageous children had significantly higher prevalence (53.7 vs. 30.6%, P = 0.024) of Ascaris lumbricoides infection than non-geophageous. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • The exponential decay of Ascaris lumbricoides prevalence was calculated by iterative least-squares method. (elsevier.com)
  • Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regression model analysis were performed to assess the associations between the prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides in Japanese school children and socio-economic variables such as the prefecture income per capita, the percentage of primary industry, the population density per 1 km 2 , the diffusion rate of population under water supply, and the percentage of upper secondary school enrollment. (elsevier.com)
  • The half-life of Ascaris lumbricoides prevalence was approximately 3 years with significant variation among prefectures. (elsevier.com)
  • Early diagnosis of intestinal obstruction caused by A. lumbricoides using ultrasonography is very useful to avoid its serious and lethal complications [10]. (who.int)
  • Write lumbricoides: Morphology, quaint cycle, Pathogenesis, lab diagnosis and Treatment Decoding lumbricoides is an intestinal round button. (teamuanjou49.com)
  • Endoscopic diagnosis in Ascaris lumbricoides case with pyloric obstruction. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ascaris worms can grow to be 18 inches in length, and use their host's windpipe and esophagus to migrate between the small intestine and the lungs. (metafilter.com)
  • Immersion of motile specimens of Ascaris lumbricoides in piperazine solutions gradually results in paralysis of the worms. (ajtmh.org)
  • The most commonly known serious and lethal complication of A. lumbricoides infection is intestinal obstruction, caused by an aggregated mass of A. lumbricoides worms, which may develop acutely or subacutely [9]. (who.int)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common of the intestinal worms. (blogspot.com)
  • Acute interstitial nephritis in a case of Ascaris lumbricoides infection. (medscape.com)
  • The aim of this report is to present a case of bowel obstruction caused by A. lumbricoides as a cause of acute abdomen in one governorate in Egypt. (who.int)
  • Sridhar VB, Peter JH: Acute Gl and Surgical complications of Ascaris lumbricoides infection. (tropicalgastro.com)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides is a nematode parasite, endemic in the Middle East and South America, especially in rural countries. (who.int)
  • Background With one quarter of the world population infected, the intestinal nematode Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common. (programmist.info)
  • A. lumbricoides is the largest intestinal nematode of man. (stanford.edu)
  • Ascaris as a leading point for small-bowel intussusception in an adult: a rare cause of intussusception. (medscape.com)
  • Unexpectedly, several linear tubular and coiled structures were also seen in the sigmoid colon which were likely adult Ascaris Lumbricoides . (wiley.com)
  • Adult female Ascaris lumbricoides against a centimeter ruler. (stanford.edu)
  • Adult female Ascaris lumbricoides have a strong tropism for tight curved spaces that mimic the curved tail of males they must seek out in order to be fertilized by unusual, crawling amoeboid sperm. (blogspot.com)
  • Ascaris lumbricoides has three things in its life cycle, ova, applicant and adult of which organizational ova are the infective stage and write and adults are the expected stage. (teamuanjou49.com)
  • Adult A. lumbricoides live in the lumen of the small intestine. (medigoo.com)
  • The study presents an interactive descriptive tool (MONRATE) for calculating and predicting reinfection rates and time of Ascaris lumbricoides following mass chemotherapy. (ebscohost.com)
  • Residual hookworm infection among children on 4-monthly treatment were associated with male sex and baseline nutritional status, whereas A. lumbricoides infection was associated with individual and school-level infection at baseline, latrine cleanliness at schools. (biomedcentral.com)
  • lumbricoides is a helminthes, or do, grouped with certainly the nematodes, or round has in terms of classification. (teamuanjou49.com)
  • About 807 million to 1.2 billion people are infected with Ascaris lumbricoides throughout the world. (biologyeducare.com)
  • EPIDEMIOLOGY It is estimated that more than 1.4 billion people are infected with A. lumbricoides, representing 25 percent of the world population. (stanford.edu)
  • Doenças parasitáriaspodem produzir quadros de morbidade,com tendência ao óbito quando não tratadas.Esta proposta de trabalho objetivou o estudoda ação do hipoclorito de sódio e ácido acético,nas suas formas comerciais, no efeito sobrea membrana mamilonada de ovos de Ascaris lumbricoides, na tentativa de discutir o papel dos produtos higienizantes contra helmintos e protozoários. (laes-haes.com.br)
  • Ascariosis is a parasitic disease caused by Ascaris lumbricoides , a large geohelmint endemic in our country. (bvsalud.org)
  • The highest rates of endemic clustering were attributed to A. lumbricoides infection. (mdpi.com)
  • Immunoglobulin (Ig)E and IgG confer protective immunity and here we sought to investigate in an endemic population whether LIG4, TNFSF13B and IRS2 genes influence IgE and IgG levels against Ascaris and the ABA-1 allergen as a putative resistance marker. (cdc.gov)
  • The study was designed to address the specific question of whether the presence of maternal A. lumbricoides infection may sensitize the fetus in utero to A. lumbricoides antigens. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • To investigate this, we evaluated the effects of stimulation of cord blood with A. lumbricoides antigens on the intracellular expression of a typical Th1 cytokine, IFN-γ, and a typical Th2 cytokine, IL-4. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • As ABF is a commonly used source of material for immunological analysis of Ascaris infection, it could be advisable to look for alternative sources of target antigens that avoid an undue bias towards the Mr 14000 product. (gla.ac.uk)
  • The author explains the feature of Ascaris lumbricoides, the suspected cause of the patient's case, as one of the most common parasitic infestations of the gastrointestinal tract. (ebscohost.com)
  • Although not common in developed countries, ascaris lumbricoides infection is increasingly likely to be encountered by clinicians because of the growing rates of travel to developing countries and increased migration. (medigoo.com)
  • To investigate if sensitization to Ascaris occurs in utero , we measured IFN-γ and IL-4 responses in Ascaris antigen-stimulated cord blood of newborns of infected and non-infected mothers using flow cytometry. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • While most patients with Ascaris infection are asymptomatic, life threatening gastrointestinal conditions may develop that require immediate medical and surgical intervention. (tropicalgastro.com)
  • A new model framework reflecting four key stages of the A. lumbricoides life cycle, incorporating the effects of rainfall and temperature, is used to describe the level of infection in the human population alongside the environmental egg dynamics. (ugent.be)
  • Approximately a sixth of the human population is estimated to be infected by Ascaris lumbricoides or another roundworm, which is a stunning number when you really think about it. (list.ly)
  • Our data provide evidence of in utero sensitization to A. lumbricoides , and raise the possibility that the immunological effects of infection start in the fetus. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Point-of-care sonographic detection of intestinal ascaris lumbricoides in the pediatric emergency department. (medscape.com)