Ascaridia: A genus of nematode worms in the superfamily Heterakoidea. A. galli and A. lineata are important intestinal parasites of domestic fowl.Ascaridiasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus ASCARIDIA. This condition usually occurs in fowl, often manifesting diarrhea.Helminthiasis, Animal: Infestation of animals with parasitic worms of the helminth class. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Parasitemia: The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Caenorhabditis elegans: A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.Trematoda: Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.Trematode Infections: Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.BangladeshMetacercariae: Encysted cercaria which house the intermediate stages of trematode parasites in tissues of an intermediate host.Skin Care: Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Reference Books, Medical: Books in the field of medicine intended primarily for consultation.Reference Books: Books designed by the arrangement and treatment of their subject matter to be consulted for definite terms of information rather than to be read consecutively. Reference books include DICTIONARIES; ENCYCLOPEDIAS; ATLASES; etc. (From the ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Nematoda: A class of unsegmented helminths with fundamental bilateral symmetry and secondary triradiate symmetry of the oral and esophageal structures. Many species are parasites.BooksPublic Sector: The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Xylopia: A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. Members contain DITERPENES.Annonaceae: The custard-apple plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. Some members provide large pulpy fruits and commercial timber. Leaves and wood are often fragrant. Leaves are simple, with smooth margins, and alternately arranged in two rows along the stems.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Zantedeschia: A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. The common name of Calla Lily or Callalily also refers to the Calla genus (CALLA PLANT).Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Piper nigrum: A plant species in the PIPERACEAE plant family. It is a common spice on foods and is used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs. Piperine is a key component. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water.Dissertations, Academic as Topic: Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.Sesbania: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain piperidine alkaloids (PIPERIDINES).Solanum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for ATROPA BELLADONNA.Anthelmintics: Agents destructive to parasitic worms. They are used therapeutically in the treatment of HELMINTHIASIS in man and animal.Nematode Infections: Infections by nematodes, general or unspecified.Pyrantel: A depolarizing neuromuscular-blocking agent, that causes persistent nicotinic activation resulting in spastic paralysis of susceptible nematodes. It is a drug of second-choice after benzimidazoles for treatment of ascariasis, hookworm, and pinworm infections, being effective after a single dose. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, p920)PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Fenbendazole: Antinematodal benzimidazole used in veterinary medicine.Suspensions: Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.Antinematodal Agents: Substances used in the treatment or control of nematode infestations. They are used also in veterinary practice.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Pyrantel Tartrate: Broad spectrum anthelmintic for livestock.Salmonella typhimurium: A serotype of Salmonella enterica that is a frequent agent of Salmonella gastroenteritis in humans. It also causes PARATYPHOID FEVER.Salmonella: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.Salmonella enterica: A subgenus of Salmonella containing several medically important serotypes. The habitat for the majority of strains is warm-blooded animals.Salmonella Infections, Animal: Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Salmonella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Salmonella enteritidis: A serotype of Salmonella enterica which is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in man and other animals.Salmonella typhi: A serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA which is the etiologic agent of TYPHOID FEVER.

Ascaridia galli fatty acid-binding protein, a member of the nematode polyprotein allergens family. (1/22)

A fatty acid-binding protein from the nematode Ascaridia galli was characterized. The gene was isolated and recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli. According to the deduced amino acid sequence A. galli fatty acid-binding protein (AgFABP) belongs to the family of nematode polyprotein allergens, as shown by Western blotting and PCR analysis with genomic DNA and cDNA. Both native and recombinant proteins bind fatty acids and retinoids with high affinity. The fluorescent fatty acid analogue 11-[(5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl)amino] undecanoic acid (DAUDA) shows substantial changes in its emission spectrum when bound to AgFABP; this binding is reversed by fatty acids such as oleate. Moreover, changes of the intrinsic fluorescence of retinol and retinoic acid confirm retinoid binding activity of AgFABP. Fluorescence titration experiments with DAUDA indicate stoichiometric binding to a single binding site per monomer unit with affinities (Kd) of 1.6 and 1.8 x 10(-7) m for native and the recombinant protein, respectively. The apparent binding affinities of the nonfluorescent ligands were calculated in displacement experiments with DAUDA and values in the same range were obtained for myristic, palmitic, oleic, linoleic, arachidonic and retinoic acid. Additionally, the binding affinity of AgFABP for oleate and palmitate was determined by direct and indirect radiochemical analysis and the values obtained were similar to those from the fluorescent experiments. Both proteins show a preference for the binding of long-chain saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, but not for short chain (C3-C12) and branched fatty acids, cholesterol and tryptophan.  (+info)

Cerebral larva migrans in a raccoon (Procyon lotor). (2/22)

During 1997, gross and histopathologic examinations were performed on an adult female raccoon (Procyon lotor) that was live-trapped in Corvallis, Oregon. Multifocal eosinophilic granulomas indicative of neural and visceral larva migrans were observed. However, within these granulomas, the presence of parasitic larva was seen only in the cerebrum. Morphologic characteristics indicated that the nematode was an ascarid larva. However, it was smaller than the larva of Baylisascaris sp. This appears to be the first documented case of cerebral larva migrans in a raccoon.  (+info)

Cephaibols, new peptaibol antibiotics with anthelmintic properties from Acremonium tubakii DSM 12774. (3/22)

Two groups of new peptaibol-type antibiotics termed cephaibols have been isolated from the fungus Acremonium tubakii, DSM 12774. These 16- or 17-unit straight-chain peptides, whose structures were characterized by amino acid analyses, 2-D NMR experiments, and by mass spectrometric sequencing, have a high content of the unusual amino acids aminoisobutyric acid and isovaline. The principal constituent of the novel peptaibol mixture is cephaibol A, which is formed in abundance in cultures of the wild strain. The striking biological property of cephaibol A is its pronounced anthelmintic action and activity against ectoparasites.  (+info)

Conformational and functional analysis of the lipid binding protein Ag-NPA-1 from the parasitic nematode Ascaridia galli. (4/22)

Ag-NPA-1 (AgFABP), a 15 kDa lipid binding protein (LBP) from Ascaridia galli, is a member of the nematode polyprotein allergen/antigen (NPA) family. Spectroscopic analysis shows that Ag-NPA-1 is a highly ordered, alpha-helical protein and that ligand binding slightly increases the ordered secondary structure content. The conserved, single Trp residue (Trp17) and three Tyr residues determine the fluorescence properties of Ag-NPA-1. Analysis of the efficiency of the energy transfer between these chromophores shows a high degree of Tyr-Trp dipole-dipole coupling. Binding of fatty acids and retinol was accompanied by enhancement of the Trp emission, which allowed calculation of the affinity constants of the binary complexes. The distance between the single Trp of Ag-NPA-1 and the fluorescent fatty acid analogue 11-[(5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1- sulfonyl)amino]undecanoic acid (DAUDA) from the protein binding site is 1.41 nm as estimated by fluorescence resonance energy transfer. A chemical modification of the Cys residues of Ag-NPA-1 (Cys66 and Cys122) with the thiol reactive probes 5-({[(2-iodoacetyl)amino]ethyl}amino) naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (IAEDANS) and N,N'-dimethyl-N-(iodoacetyl)-N'-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)ethylenediamin e (IANBD), followed by MALDI-TOF analysis showed that only Cys66 was labeled. The observed similar affinities for fatty acids of the modified and native Ag-NPA-1 suggest that Cys66 is not a part of the protein binding pocket but is located close to it. Ag-NPA-1 is one of the most abundant proteins in A. galli and it is distributed extracellularly mainly as shown by immunohistology and immunogold electron microscopy. This suggests that Ag-NPA-1 plays an important role in the transport of fatty acids and retinoids.  (+info)

The highly abundant protein Ag-lbp55 from Ascaridia galli represents a novel type of lipid-binding proteins. (5/22)

Lipid-binding proteins exhibit important functions in lipid transport, cellular signaling, gene transcription, and cytoprotection. Their functional analogues in nematodes are nematode polyprotein allergens/antigens and fatty acid and retinoid-binding proteins. This work describes a novel 55-kDa protein, Ag-lbp55, purified from the parasitic nematode Ascaridia galli. By direct N-terminal sequencing, a partial amino acid sequence was obtained that allowed the design of oligonucleotide primers to obtain the full-length cDNA sequence. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of an N-terminal signal peptide of 25 amino acid residues and a FAR domain at the C terminus. Data base searches showed almost no significant homologies to other described proteins. The secondary structure of Ag-lbp55 was predominantly alpha-helical (65%) as shown by CD spectroscopy. It was found to bind with high affinity fatty acids (caprylic, oleic, and palmitic acid) and their fluorescent analogue dansylaminoundecanic acid. Immunolocalization showed that Ag-lbp55 is a highly abundant protein, mainly distributed in the inner hypodermis and extracellularly in the pseudocoelomatic fluid. A similar staining pattern was observed in other pathogenic nematodes, indicating the existence of similar proteins in these species.  (+info)

A new anthelmintic cyclodepsipeptide, PF1022A. (6/22)

The novel anthelmintic cyclodepsipeptide PF1022A was isolated from cultured mycelia of Mycelia Sterilia PF1022 (FERM BP-2671). It showed strong anthelmintic activities against Ascaridia galli in chickens. The structure of PF1022A was determined to be cyclo(D-lactyl-L-N-methylleucyl-D-3-phenyllactyl-L-N-meth ylleucyl-D-lactyl-L-N- methylleucyl-D-3-phenyllactyl-L-N-methylleucyl) by spectroscopic analyses and chemical studies.  (+info)

Prevalence and chemo-therapeutical investigations of gastrointestinal nematodes in domestic pigeons in Lahore, Pakistan. (7/22)

The prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes was studied in 143 (80 male and 63 female) domestic pigeons. Faecal samples were collected to determine the gastrointestinal nematodes of domestic pigeons through qualitative and quantitative faecal examinations. A total of 48 (male 33 and 25 female) naturally infected domestic pigeons were divided into G1 (albendzdole) and G2 (fenbendazole) treatment-groups along with one control group (C). The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes was 40.5% (58/143) in domestic pigeons. Likewise, the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in males and females was found 41.3% (33/58) and 39.7% (25/58) respectively. The overall prevalence of Capillaria obsignata and Ascaridia columbae was found to be 67.2% and 32.8%, respectively. The prevalence of C. obsignata and A. columbae in males was 72.7% (24/33) and 27.8% (9/33) and in females was 60% (15/25) and 40% (10/25), respectively. There was no significant sex related difference seen in the prevalence of C. obsignata (p>0.56) and A. columbae (p>0.40) in domestic pigeons, respectively. The overall efficacy of albendazole and fenbendazole was calculated to be 66% and 71%. A remarkable significant difference (p<0.05) was observed in eggs per gram before and after treatment in both G1 and G2 treated-groups. The efficacy of fenbendazole was found to be more significant (p<0.02) than albendazole.  (+info)

Structure-activity relationship of anthelmintic cyclooctadepsipeptides. (8/22)

The relationship between cyclooctadepsipeptides and their anthelmintic efficacy was examined by converting the natural products, PF1022A, PF1022E and PF1022H. Some analogues substituted at the para position of the phenyllactate moiety showed higher or equivalent activity against the parasitic nematode, Ascaridia galli in chicken when compared with the parent compounds. It is suggested that lipophilicity and the polar surface area, in addition to structural requirements of the derivatives, influenced the anthelmintic efficacy in vivo.  (+info)

Karumari, R. Jothi, S. Sumathi, K. Vijayalakshmi and S. Ezhilarasi Balasubramanian (2014) Anthelmintic efficacy of Sesbania grandiflora leaves and Solanum torvum fruits against the nematode parasite Ascaridia galli. [Publication] Full text not available from this repository ...
Author Summary Parasitic nematode worms cause serious health problems in humans and other animals. They can induce allergic-type immune responses, which can be harmful but may at the same time protect against the infections. Allergens are proteins that trigger allergic reactions and these parasites produce a type that is confined to nematodes, the nematode polyprotein allergens (NPAs). These are synthesized as large precursor proteins comprising repeating units of similar amino acid sequence that are subsequently cleaved into multiple copies of the allergen protein. NPAs bind small lipids such as fatty acids and retinol (Vitamin A) and probably transport these sensitive and insoluble compounds between the tissues of the worms. Nematodes cannot synthesize these lipids, so NPAs may also be crucial for extracting nutrients from their hosts. They may also be involved in altering immune responses by controlling the lipids by which the immune and inflammatory cells communicate. We describe the molecular
Ascaridia sp. are nematode worm parasites, stout white worms up to 12 cms in length, seen worldwide. The parasite species vary: A. galli in fowl; A. dissimilis in turkeys; and A. columbae in pigeons. The route of infection is oral usually by direct ingestion of the embryonated egg and there is a 5-10-week prepatent period, shorter in young birds ...
For poultry, pigeons and pigs. For the treatment of Round Worms (Ascaridia Galli) in Poultry (Ascaridia columbae) in Pigeons; Round Worms (Ascaris suum)...
A prevalência de ecto e endoparasitos de 58 pombos (Columba livia) de vida livre foi estudada em áreas urbanas de Lages, estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Os pombos foram submetidos ao exame visual para a coleta e identificação de ectoparasitos, coletas de fezes e sangue. O diagnóstico hemoparasitológico foi através de esfregaços sangüíneos corados pelas técnicas de Panótico Rápido e Giemsa. As fezes foram processadas pelo método de Sheather. Entre os hemoparasitos destacou-se o Haemoproteus sp., com 67,24% (39/58) para a técnica de Panótico Rápido e 46,55% (27/58) para a técnica de Giemsa. Dos 116 esfregaços analisados, a prevalência foi de 57% (P = 0,0387; Odds Ratio = 2,357 e Intervalo de Confiança de 95%). A prevalência de parasitos gastrintestinais foi de 74,14% (43/58) com 86,05% para protozoários (100% para Eimeria sp.), 32,56% para nematódeos (Ascaridia sp. e Capillaria sp.) e 20,93% multiparasitados. A presença da mosca Pseudolynchia canarienses foi observada ...
A study was carried out to identify and estimate the prevalence of ecto- and endoparasites of village chicken between April and July 2008 in three local councils of Enugu state, Nigeria. A total of 1038 chickens comprising of 468 chicks, 207 growers and 363 adults were examined during the house to house survey for ectoparasites, gastrointestinal helminths and coccidia infections. Our finding showed that 41% were infected with ectoparasites with lice, fleas, and mites having prevalence rates of 62.2%, 35.7% and 2.1%, respectively. Helminths and coccidia had prevalence of 35.5% each. Among the helminths Ascaridia, galli was the most dominant species (17.2%). Generally, there was a significantly higher helminth infestation relative to the ectoparasites (P | .05), high prevalence of mixed infections and absence of tick infestation. Parasitism could be big constraint to production in the study area and we recommend a sustainable control strategy.
Aristopet Small Animal Wormer is a pleasant tasting and palatable worm syrup for the removal of Round Worms (ascaridia sp.) in guinea pigs, rabbits, mice and rats. - CanadaVet.com
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 Amino acid residues (Raa) and fatty acid residues (Rfa) of the novel 24-membered cyclooctadepsipeptides (Nos. 3 to 17) Comp. No. Name Raa1 Rfa1 Raa2 Rfa2 1 PF1022-A --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH3 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH2C6H.sub.5 2 Bassianolide --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 3 PF1022-V.sup.(1) --CH(CH3)2 --CH3 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH2C6H.sub.5 4 PF1022-W --CH2CH(CH3)2 --H --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH2C6H.sub.5 5 XRB-C894 --CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 6 XRB-C942 --CH2C6H.sub.5 --CH(CH3)2 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 7 XRB-C976.sup.(1) --CH2C6H.sub.5 --CH(CH3)2 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 8 XRB-C1010.sup.(1) --CH2C6H.sub.5 --CH(CH3)2 --CH2C6H.sub.5 --CH(CH3)2 9 XRB-C1044.sup.(2) --CH2C6H.sub.5 --CH(CH3)2 --CH2C6H.sub.5 --CH(CH3)2 10 XRB-E922 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --C4H9 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 11 XRB-E956.sup.(1) --CH2C6H.sub.5 --C4H9 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 12 XRB-E990.sup.(1) --CH2C6H.sub.5 --C4H9 --CH2CH(CH3)2 --CH(CH3)2 13 XRB-E1024.sup.(1,2) --CH2C6H.sub.5 --C4H9 --CH2C6H.sub.5 ...
Define domestic pigeon. domestic pigeon synonyms, domestic pigeon pronunciation, domestic pigeon translation, English dictionary definition of domestic pigeon. Noun 1. domestic pigeon - domesticated pigeon raised for sport or food pigeon - wild and domesticated birds having a heavy body and short legs fairy swallow...
Heavy infection with these parasites may be life-threatening-just 60 percent of hospitalized cases survive. This new tool can help practitioners know which young horses are most at risk.
In eukaryotic cells, a large fraction of proteins are post-translationally modified, and each of these modifications has the potential to affect their function. The ever-increasing throughput, sensitivity and accuracy of mass spectrometers together with the development of new proteomics strategies [6-8] means that these post-translational modifications can be identified on a large scale in an unbiased fashion with respect to the function (or absence thereof) of these modifications. Further, protein and phosphopeptide enrichment strategies are ever-improving the overall sensitivity of mass-spectrometry-based phosphoproteomics. For instance, a recent study on the phosphoproteome of purified yeast centromeres revealed many phosphosites previously not observed in whole-cell studies [64]. Such subcellular analysis of compartments and protein complexes should reveal even more sites, among both low- and highly abundant proteins having residues that are only phosphorylated within specific complexes or ...
Emodepside is a resistance-breaking anthelmintic of a new chemical class, the cyclooctadepsipeptides. A major determinant of its anthelmintic effect is the calcium-activated potassium channel SLO-1. SLO-1 belongs to a family of channels that are highly conserved across the animal phyla and regulate neurosecretion, hormone release, muscle contraction, and neuronal network excitability. To investigate the selective toxicity of emodepside, we performed transgenic experiments in which the nematode SLO-1 channel was swapped for a mammalian ortholog, human KCNMA1. Expression of either the human channel or Caenorhabditis elegans slo-1 from the native slo-1 promoter in a C. elegans slo-1 functional null mutant rescued behavioral deficits that otherwise resulted from loss of slo-1 signaling. However, worms expressing the human channel were 10- to 100-fold less sensitive to emodepside than those expressing the nematode channel. Strains expressing the human KCNMA1 channel were preferentially sensitive to ...
WAHYU HARGIYANTO, 060610176 (2011) PROFIL PROTEIN CACING DEWASA Ascaridia galli DENGAN METODE SDS-PAGE. Skripsi thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA. Wiwik Misaco Yuniarti, 090214751-M (2004) Gambaran Ultrastuktur Endotel Aorta Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) sebagai Hewan Model Sirosis Setelah Diinduksi dengan Endotoksin. Thesis thesis, UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA. WURLINA, Dr.drh.MS and WIDAYAT S., dr.,SpFK and DEWA KETUT MELES, drh.,MS (2005) PENGARUH ANTIFERTILASI ACHYRANTHES ASPERA LINN TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN SIKLUS FOLIKEL OVARIUM DAN SIKLUS FOLIKEL OVARIUM DAN SIKLUS EPITEL VAGINA PADA MENCIT (Mus Musculus). UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA, Surabaya. (Unpublished) Wahyu Hidayatiningsih, S.Si., M.Kes. and Eddy Bagus Wasito, Dr., dr., MS., SpMK. (2006) IDENTIFIKASI ENTEROTOKSIN ISOLAT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS DARI SARANG BURUNG WALET. UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA, Surabaya. (Unpublished) Wahyu Hidayatiningsih, S.Si., M.Kes. and Eddy Bagus Wasito, Dr., dr., MS., SpMK. (2006) IDENTIFIKASI ENTEROTOKSIN ISOLAT STAPHYLOCOCCUS ...
Blackberries ( Rubus fruticosus ) propagate themselves both by seed and vegetatively. The picture shows how a blackberry self-propagates by vegetative means. In late summer, the plant produces rapidly growing stems that do not display the normal negative geotropism of green shoots. They grow downwards, and are known as runners. When the tip of the runner touches the soil, it produces adventitious roots. These slide into the soil, and some eventually contract, pulling the tip of the runner into the ground, securing it firmly. At this stage the gardener can sever the runner, gaining a new plant to set out elsewhere. The rooted tips of runners produce upwardly growing shoots in the following season. In nature, one original plant will form an expanding thicket by this means. The picture is of the garden variety Himalayan Giant, which is notorious for this invasive behaviour - Stock Image C011/5345
Blackberry Chester is a newer hybrid that produces loads of tasty berries and it has fewer thorns than the other blackberry varieties. (Rubus fruticosus)
The birds Columbidae livia (Pigeons) were screened for malaria parasite by microbiological technique using Giemsa Staining Technique. The slides we examined for the presence of plasmodium parasite (Parasitaemia Value). Results indicated the presence of malaria parasites namely Haemoproteus columbae in three Columbidae livia (Pigeons) with a frequency of 50%. The parasitaemia value is 100-1000 cells per microscopic field. Chloroquine at 2.2mglml concentration was found to be efficacious upon the infected pigeons. The finding therefore signaled the presence of Haemoproteus columbae; a fearful malaria parasite in pigeons that needs serious attention. The need to elucidate the molecular virulence and virulence nature of the parasite is high.ano, ...
The polyprotein allergens/antigens of nematodes (NPAs) are the only lipid binding proteins known to be produced as polyproteins. Cleavage of the large polyprotein precursors at regularly spaced proteinase cleavage sites produces 10 or 11 individual protein units of similar to 15 kDa. The sequences of these units are highly diverse within and between species, but there are five absolutely or strongly conserved amino acid positions (Trp 15, Gln20, Leu42, Cys64, and Cys120). We have tested the role of these signature amino acids by mutational or chemical alteration of the ABA-1 protein of Ascaris, and examined the resulting modified proteins for perturbations of their lipid binding activities and structural integrity. Substitution of Trp15 and Gln20 both affect the stability of the protein in terms of resistance to thermal or chemical denaturation, but the ligand binding function is unaffected. Mutation of Leu42, however, disrupts both the proteins structural stability and functional integrity, as ...
One of my favorite medicinal plants http://livingafield.com/images/Mullein_M01_Web.jpg Range: http://livingafield.com/images/Full_US_Map_Small.jpg Identifying characteristics: A biennial which produces a rosette of large, fuzzy, gray-green leaves the first year, and an attractive spike of light yellow flowers the second year. The leaves are large, oval shaped, and extremely hairy, even flannel like. The second year flower stalk is erect, and quite large, growing up to 8ft in height.
Elongation factor thermal unstable Tu (EF-Tu) is a G protein that catalyzes the binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to the A-site of the ribosome inside living cells. Structural and biochemical studies have described the complex interactions needed to effect canonical function. However, EF-Tu has evolved the capacity to execute diverse functions on the extracellular surface of both eukaryote and prokaryote cells. EF-Tu can traffic to, and is retained on, cell surfaces where can interact with membrane receptors and with extracellular matrix on the surface of plant and animal cells. Our structural studies indicate that short linear motifs (SLiMs) in surface exposed, non-conserved regions of the molecule may play a key role in the moonlighting functions ascribed to this ancient, highly abundant protein. Here we explore the diverse moonlighting functions relating to pathogenesis of EF-Tu in bacteria and examine putative SLiMs on surface-exposed regions of the molecule.
Verbascum Rosie | Order online mullein plants | Spikes of rosy pink flowers with purple centers | Deer resistant perennial for sun | Blooms in early summer
The cynodonts ("dog teeth") (clade Cynodontia) are therapsids that first appeared in the Late Permian (approximately 260 Ma). The group includes modern mammals (including humans) as well as their extinct ancestors and close relatives. Nonmammalian cynodonts spread throughout southern Gondwana and are represented by fossils from South America, Africa, India, and Antarctica. In the northern continents, fossils have been found in eastern North America as well as in Belgium and northwestern France. Cynodontia is one of the most diverse groups of therapsids. Richard Owen named Cynodontia in 1861, which he assigned to Anomodontia as a family. Robert Broom (1913) reranked Cynodonia as an infraorder, since retained by others, including Colbert and Kitching (1977), Carroll (1988), Gauthier et al. (1989), and Rubidge and Cristian Sidor (2001). Olson (1966) assigned Cynodontia to Theriodonta, Colbert and Kitching (1977) to Theriodontia, and Rubridge and Sidor (2001) to Eutheriodontia. William King Gregory ...
any of various plants of the genus Verbascum having large usually woolly leaves and terminal spikes of yellow or white or purplish flowers. ...
Face.- (Verbascum). Violent stupefying, pressive, or tensive pains in left malar and cheek bones, aggravated on pressure and in the open air, or in a draught of air.. Violent tension in the integuments of the chin, masseter muscles and throat.. Les 3 territoires de la n vralgie faciale. Mouth.- (Verbascum). Root of tongue brown, without bad taste, in morning and during forenoon.. Stomach.- (Verbascum). Empty or bitter eructations.. Frequent hiccough.. Abdomen.- (Verbascum). Violent painful pressure as from a stone upon the umbilicus (Puls.), aggravated by stooping.. Urinary Organs.- (Verbascum). Frequent profuse urination. (Apis, Apoc., Cepa, Puls.). Nocturnal enuresis. (Caust., Cupr., Graph.). Respiratory Organs.- (Verbascum). Hoarseness, when reading aloud. (Phos.). Catarrh, with hoarseness and oppression of the chest.. Stitches in the chest. (Bry., Kali c.). Deep, hoarse, dry, or hollow cough, especially in the evening and at night. (Spong.). Upper Limbs.- (Verbascum). Stitches in the hands ...
Cure VERBASCUM [Verb] Bangalore, A2Z Polyclinic, A to Z Polyclinic is a Trusted Polyclinic specializing in Treatment of VERBASCUM [Verb] located in bangalore offering Treatment Services through Homeopathy, Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Hypnotherapy, Meditation and Modern Medicine.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Desmanthus fruticosus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06 ...
Free Online Library: Determination of an oral aflatoxin dose that acutely impairs hepatic function in domestic pigeons (Columba livia).(Original Studies, Report) by Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery; Health, general Aflatoxins Health aspects Research Deoxycholic acid Enzymes Liver diseases Care and treatment Risk factors Pigeons
Fearful diarrh a on third day, eighteen to twenty movements a day ; griping ; a great deal of pain, as if pierced with a lance, through inside of left ankle joint ; pain in both cheek bones and above eyebrows ; menses came on early this time, and she has coughed a good deal ...
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Blackberries are perennial plants which typically bear biennial stems ("canes") from the perennial root system.[5] In its first year, a new stem, the primocane, grows vigorously to its full length of 3-6 m (in some cases, up to 9 m), arching or trailing along the ground and bearing large palmately compound leaves with five or seven leaflets; it does not produce any flowers. In its second year, the cane becomes a floricane and the stem does not grow longer, but the lateral buds break to produce flowering laterals (which have smaller leaves with three or five leaflets).[5] First- and second-year shoots usually have numerous short-curved, very sharp prickles that are often erroneously called thorns. These prickles can tear through denim with ease and make the plant very difficult to navigate around. Prickle-free cultivars have been developed. The University of Arkansas has developed primocane fruiting blackberries that grow and flower on first-year growth much as the primocane-fruiting (also called ...
In British English, a bramble is any rough (usually wild) tangled prickly shrub-specifically the blackberry bush (Rubus fruticosus)-or any hybrid of similar appearance, with thorny stems. Bramble or brambleberry may also refer to the blackberry fruit or products of its fruit (e.g., bramble jelly). The shrub grows abundantly in all parts of the British Isles and harvesting the fruits in late summer and autumn is often considered a favourite pastime. It can also become a nuisance in gardens, sending down its strong suckering roots amongst hedges and shrubs. Many consider it a weed due its tendency to grow in neglected areas and its sharp, tough thorns which can be hazardous to children and pets. Elsewhere, such as in the United States, the term bramble also refers to other members of the Rubus genus, which may or may not have prickly stems-notably the raspberry (Rubus idaeus) or its hybrids. ...
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a major role in wrinkle formation. Their expression increases with aging and is further enhanced by UV irradiation. Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) leaf extract has been shown to suppress MMP-1, -2 and -9 in cell-free assays. We have now further explored the activity of this extract. The effect on MMP-1 expression at the protein and the mRNA level was investigated using non-irradiated and UVA-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts. The extract showed a dose-dependent reduction of the MMP-1 protein level of both irradiated and non-irradiated cells with an almost complete inhibition at a dosage of 0.1%. MMP-1 mRNA expression of UVA-irradiated cells was decreased after pre-incubation as well as after post-incubation with the extract. Best results were obtained with combined pre- and post-treatment (0.1% extract led to 59% reduction in comparison with the respective control). Moreover, we found that blackberry leaf extract inhibits IL-1α, a cytokine known to induce ...
John "Trey" Fondon, an assistant professor of biology, is co-author of a study that begins to unravel the molecular basis for the color palette of domestic pigeons breeds known as "fancy pigeons." Due mostly to organized breeding in Europe and Asia, there are hundreds of types of pigeons that have evolved to include numerous color variations on the blue/black model, including shades of gray, red, and brown ...
kahalalide F: a cyclodepsipeptide toxin; isolated from a mollusk, Elysia rubefescens; exhibits antitumoral activity against cell lines of colon cancer and prostatic cancer; structure given in first source
A new study - titled "Global Connectivity of Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Cognitive Control and Intelligence" - was published just last week. In it, my co-authors and I describe our research showing that connectivity with a particular part of the prefrontal cortex can predict how intelligent someone is.. We measured intelligence using "fluid intelligence" tests, which measure your ability to solve novel visual puzzles. It turns out that scores on these tests correlate with important life outcomes like academic and job success. So, finding a neuroscientific factor underlying fluid intelligence might have some fairly important implications.. It turns out that its relatively unclear exactly what fluid intelligence tests actually test (what helps you solve novel puzzles, exactly?), so we also measured a more basic "cognitive control" ability thought to be related to fluid intelligence - working memory. This measures your ability to maintain and manipulate information in mind in a goal-directed ...
Since 2002, macrocyclic lactone resistance has been reported in populations of Parascaris equorum from several countries. It is apparent that macrocyclic lactone resistance developed in response to exclusive and/or excessively frequent use of ivermectin or moxidectin in foals during the first year of life. The development of anthelmintic resistance was virtually inevitable, given certain biological features of Parascaris and unique pharmacologic characteristics of the macrocyclic lactones. Practitioners can utilize the Fecal Egg Count Reduction Test to detect anthelmintic resistance in Parascaris, and the same technique can be applied regularly to confirm the continued efficacy of those drugs currently in use. In the face of macrocyclic lactone resistance, piperazine or anthelmintics of the benzimidazole or pyrimidine classes can be used to control ascarid infections, but Parascaris populations that are concurrently resistant to macrocyclic lactones and pyrimidine drugs have been reported recently from
Macrocyclic lactones (MLs) represent the major drug class for control of parasitic infections in humans and animals. However, recently reports of treatment failures became more frequent. In addition to human and ruminant parasitic nematodes this also is the case for the horse-nematode Parascaris equorum. Nevertheless, to date the molecular basis of ML resistance is still not understood. Unspecific resistance mechanisms involving transporters such as P-glycoproteins (Pgps) are expected to contribute to ML resistance in nematodes. Here, complete sequences of two P. equorum Pgps were cloned and identified as orthologs of Caenorhabditis elegans Ppg-11 and an unnamed Caenorhabditis briggsae Pgp designated as Pgp-16 using phylogenetic analysis. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to compare expression between tissues. Significantly higher PeqPgp-11 expression was found in the gut for both genders, whereas for PeqPgp-16 the body wall was identified as predominant expression site. Furthermore, Pgps were
To our knowledge, there were few reports on rabbit coccidiosis, especially those focused on identification of novel antigens of E. stiedae. In this study, we report for the first time an immunoproteomic analysis of sporozoite proteins of E. stiedae from infected rabbits. Using immunoproteomic analysis, a total of 41 immunoreactive protein spots were recognized by anti-E. stiedae sera of infected rabbits, and 23 protein spots were successfully identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS. Of the 23 analyzed spots, 7 proteins belonged to the family Eimeriidae. Four spots (spot 248, 289, 227, and 321) were identified as HSP70 of Eimeria, 2 of which were at similar Mr and pI values as their orthologues in Eimeria praecox, while the other 2 were from Eimeia necatrix and E. brunetti. HSP70 is considered to be from a predominant HSP family and plays a key regulatory role in parasite development and pathogenesis [32]. It is a highly abundant protein in apicomplexan parasites and is often detected in proteomics ...
Looking for information on Ascariasis? Medigest has all you need to know about Ascariasis - Symptoms and Signs, Causes, Treatments and definition
... is an intestinal infection that occurs when the eggs of a parasitic roundworm are ingested. Read about signs and symptoms, treatment, and tips for prevention.
Mediworm Plus is a broad spectrum worm remedy against adult and immature stages of Ascarids, Hookworms, Tapeworms and adult Whipworms in dogs. Buy Mediworm Plus for Dogs Wormers treatment at lowest price with free shipping in USA.
Mediworm Plus is a broad spectrum worm remedy against adult and immature stages of Ascarids, Hookworms, Tapeworms and adult Whipworms in dogs. Buy Mediworm Plus for Dogs Wormers treatment at lowest price with free shipping in USA.
Looking for online definition of Procyon lotor in the Medical Dictionary? Procyon lotor explanation free. What is Procyon lotor? Meaning of Procyon lotor medical term. What does Procyon lotor mean?
This research aims to test the effects of cassia leaf extract on the eating behavior of pigeons for application as a natural repellent. Senna siamea (Cassia) leaves were oven-dried and blended into fine pieces and processed by the simplest extraction method (maceration) with ethyl alcohol 70% solution and were then extracted with hot continuous extraction (Soxhlet extraction) with ethyl alcohol 70% solution. Cereal grain seeds were prepared and soaked in the extracts of the 2 methods in 1.5%, 3.0% and 4.5% concentrations for 24 h. Twenty-four pigeons were prepared with one cage per pigeon. Cereal grains were weighed to 20 grams, which was fed to the pigeons for 24 h and the beginning weight of the cereal grains and the weight of the leftovers were recorded. The food consumption was analyzed to determine the differences among the averages of each method with one-way ANOVA. The findings showed that the averages of the bird food intake based on the maceration method were not different with a statistical
Aldolase plays essential catalytic roles in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. However, aldolase is a highly abundant protein that is remarkably promiscuous in its interactions with other cellular proteins. In particular, aldolase binds to highly acidic amino acid sequences, including the C terminus of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein, an actin nucleation-promoting factor. Here we report the crystal structure of tetrameric rabbit muscle aldolase in complex with a C-terminal peptide of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein. Aldolase recognizes a short, four-residue DEWD motif (residues 498-501), which adopts a loose hairpin turn that folds around the central aromatic residue, enabling its tryptophan side chain to fit into a hydrophobic pocket in the active site of aldolase. The flanking acidic residues in this binding motif provide further interactions with conserved aldolase active site residues Arg-42 and Arg-303, aligning their side chains and forming the sides of the hydrophobic pocket. The ...
Diarrhea Care Tincture Liquid Extract, Organic Herbs (Blackberry Leaf (Rubus Fruticosus), Chamomile Flower (Matricaria Recutita), Goldenseal Root (Hydrastis Canadensis)). ...
The Plant Breeders Rights Office administers the Plant Breeders Rights Act (1990) and Regulations which provide legal protection to plant breeders for new plant varieties for up to 18 years.
Monamycin, a crystalline antibacterial preparation isolated from cultures of , consists of a mixture of fifteen cyclohexadepsipeptides, six of which contain chlorine. Each molecular species consists of one residue of α-hydroxy-acid (either -2-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoic acid or -2-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoic acid) and f
Roundworms, also known by their genus name Ascariasis or ascarids and nematodes, live in the intestines of fish, mammals and birds, including humans and pet cats and dogs. Their eggs are excreted ...
enniatin D: from Fusarium sp. FO-1305; cyclodepsipeptide; structure given in first source; see also record for enniatins with Sy enniatin A & B
In this chapter, Darwin motivates the case for variation and selection by illustrating the variety among the natural and domesticated plant and animal worlds. Without knowing the details of inheritance (which would be demonstrated later by Gregor Mendel, James Watson, and Francis Crick among others) he shows its implications: like breeds like. Inheritance is what breeders use to direct the variation of species to some useful means. This is done by selection; the breeders are keenly aware of the minor differences in the offspring populations of animals and exploit them to create new varieties. The variation of species is not simply due to crossings of existing varieties. He argues this by showing examples where it is unlikely or impossible, pigeons, dogs, and talks about recent domestication. Pigeon varieties completely different in appearance from the the wild rock pigeon show traits of the wild rock pigeon when crossed. He shows, through the works of breeders, that in fact even animals within ...
Roundworms In Dogs And Puppies By Admin Roundworms in dogs and puppies are very common. Canine roundworms or Ascarids are one to seven inches long and live in the intestines of dogs. They are a parasite in dogs and multiply … Continue reading →. ...
Learn more about Ascariasis at Doctors Hospital of Augusta DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ....
A major metabolite of [3H]ecdysone injected into adults of the nematode Parascaris equorum maintained in vitro for 48 h was secreted into the culture medium. The compound could be hydrolysed with a crude hydrolase preparation from Helix pomatia, yielding ecdysone. Sufficient quantity of this material for identification was produced by administration of ecdysone to the parasites. The resulting compound was purified by h.p.l.c. and identified as ecdysone 25-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside by n.m.r. spectroscopy and by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry of the conjugate and of the sugar released by enzymic hydrolysis. The significance of formation of the glucoside is uncertain. ...
There is currently an urgent need for biomarkers that can be used to monitor the efficacy of experimental therapies for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) in clinical trials. Identification of novel protein biomarkers has been limited due to the massive complexity of the serum proteome and the presence of a small number of very highly abundant proteins. Here we have utilised an aptamer-based proteomics approach to profile 1,129 proteins in the serum of wild-type and mdx (dystrophin deficient) mice. The serum levels of 96 proteins were found to be significantly altered (P | 0.001, q | 0.01) in mdx mice. Additionally, systemic treatment with a peptide-antisense oligonucleotide conjugate designed to induce Dmd exon skipping and recover dystrophin protein expression caused many of the differentially abundant serum proteins to be restored towards wild-type levels. Results for five leading candidate protein biomarkers (Pgam1, Tnni3, Camk2b, Cycs and Adamts5) were validated by ELISA in the mouse samples.
Homing pigeon is a variety of domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) derived from the rock pigeon, selectively bred to find its way home over extremely long distances (up to 1,800 km). The wild rock pigeon has an innate homing ability, meaning that it will generally return to its nest and mate. Their average flying speed over moderate distances is around 80 km/h (50 miles per hour) but speeds of up to 140 km/h (90 miles per hour) have been observed in top racers for short distances. Homing pigeons are called messenger or carrier pigeons when they are used to carry messages. Pigeons can find their way back from distant places they have never visited before. Most researchers believe that homing ability is based on a "map and compass" model, with the compass feature allowing birds to orient and the map feature allowing birds to determine their location relative to a goal site (home loft). While the compass mechanism appears to rely on the sun, some researchers believe that the map mechanism ...
Perera, Premila, Duangta Kanjanapoothi, Finn Sandberg and Robert Verpoorte (1985) Muscle relaxant activity and hypotensive activity of some Tabernaemontana alkaloids. [Publication] Full text not available from this repository ...
Jacobson, R H. and Reed, N D., "The immune response of congenitally athymic (nude) mice to the intestinal nematode nippostrongylus brasiliensis." (1974). Subject Strain Bibliography 1974. 2258 ...
However, pyrantel only kills adult ascarids, so you have to retreat in three weeks. Fenbendazole is only effective in killing migrating larvae if you give it day after day and then only in pregnant bitches. Ivermectin, at the low, Heartguard dose, is not effective against ascarids at all. But, at the high, potentially lethal dose, its the best choice. Milbemycin falls in the middle because it is safer than high dose ivermectin but not as effective. Not as effective killing adult ascarids as pyrantel, but does kill at least some of the juveniles. It only has to be given once, instead of three days in a row like fendendazole, but, by giving it once a month, instead of every two to three weeks, leaves a window open ...
However, pyrantel only kills adult ascarids, so you have to retreat in three weeks. Fenbendazole is only effective in killing migrating larvae if you give it day after day and then only in pregnant bitches. Ivermectin, at the low, Heartguard dose, is not effective against ascarids at all. But, at the high, potentially lethal dose, its the best choice. Milbemycin falls in the middle because it is safer than high dose ivermectin but not as effective. Not as effective killing adult ascarids as pyrantel, but does kill at least some of the juveniles. It only has to be given once, instead of three days in a row like fendendazole, but, by giving it once a month, instead of every two to three weeks, leaves a window open ...
Informe final de consultoria: Analisis de la situacion de salud infantil y antropometria en menores de 5 años. Paraguay EPH ...
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1 fl. oz.. Indication: Inflammatory and swelling conditions. Ingredients: Chrysanthemum parthenium 2x. Zincum Metallicum, Verbascum thapsus 3x. Urtica dioica 4x. Apis mellifica 4x, 6x, 12x, 30x. Adrenalinum 4x, 6x, 12x, 30x, 60x, 100x. Belladonna 5x, 6x, 12x, 30x. Crotalus horridus 6x. Silicea, Triosteum perfoliatum 6x, 12x. Natrum Muriaticum, Magnesia Phosphorica, Kali Sulphuricum, Lymph 6x, 12x, 30x, 60x, 100x. Hepar Sulphuris Calcareum 8x, 16x, 30x. Lachesis mutus 12x, 30x. Chymotrypsin, Histidine, Histamine, ATPase Lysozyme, 12x, 30x, 60x, 100x. Glucose 6 Phosphatase, Coenzyme A Dehydrogenase 30x, 60x, 100x. Biopterin, Hepar Suis 100x, 500x, 1000x. ...
SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF NOVEL 3-BENZYL-2-(4- SUBSTITUTED PHENYL)-4(5H)-(4-NITROPHENYL AMINO)-1, 3-OXAZOLIDINES DERIVATIVES
Veloxa Chewable Tablets for Dogs are a broad-spectrum anthelmintic for treatment of mixed infections by the following roundworms and tapeworms in dogs and puppies: Ascarids – Toxocar canis, Toxscaris leonine (adult and late immature forms) Hookworms...
One good scientific reason for putting brine shrimp into space is brought out by Spooner and colleagues (1992). Brine shrimp can put their eggs in tough cysts that can almost entirely dry out, and development stops until they get into salt water again. This means that you can put brine shrimp into space, start them growing, and be sure that all of that development did in fact occur in space. With almost any other animal, you will have a mix of growth on the ground and in space ...
Calm-gen has antispasmodic and neuroregulatory properties that help take the edge off and assist in balancing the stresses of daily living. This remedy acts a
Duricef is a cephalosporin antibiotic to treat infections of respiratory system, urinary tract, pelvic organs, skin and soft tissues, eye infections.
St-Jean M., Izard T., Sygusch J.. Aldolase plays essential catalytic roles in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. However, aldolase is a highly abundant protein that is remarkably promiscuous in its interactions with other cellular proteins. In particular, aldolase binds to highly acidic amino acid sequences, including the C terminus of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein, an actin nucleation-promoting factor. Here we report the crystal structure of tetrameric rabbit muscle aldolase in complex with a C-terminal peptide of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein. Aldolase recognizes a short, four-residue DEWD motif (residues 498-501), which adopts a loose hairpin turn that folds around the central aromatic residue, enabling its tryptophan side chain to fit into a hydrophobic pocket in the active site of aldolase. The flanking acidic residues in this binding motif provide further interactions with conserved aldolase active site residues Arg-42 and Arg-303, aligning their side chains and forming the sides of ...
Abstract:
The present study was done with the aim to evaluate anthelmintic activity of ethanolic extract of Cassia occidentalis Linn using adult earthworm Pheritima posthuma Education presentation by IJPRSONLINE
Looking for online definition of Antispasmodics in the Medical Dictionary? Antispasmodics explanation free. What is Antispasmodics? Meaning of Antispasmodics medical term. What does Antispasmodics mean?
BioAssay record AID 400370 submitted by ChEMBL: Relaxation activity in guinea pig ileum assessed as relaxation of KCl-induced muscle contractions.
STRONGID T Suspension is approved for:The removal and control of mature infections of large strongyles (Strongylus vulgaris,S.edentatus,S.equinus);pinworms (Oxyuris equi); large roundworms (Parascaris equorum);and small strongyles in horses and ponies.
Brine Shrimp are a very common food for fresh and saltwater fish, but do not hold much when it comes to nutritional value, but when gut-loaded they can provide the same nutritional value of the food that is contained within the gut of the brine shrimp. Brine shrimp are commonly used to entice new, or finicky fish into
Helgen, K.M. & Wilson, D.E. 2003. Taxonomic status and conservation relevance of the raccoons (Procyon spp.) of the West Indies. Journal of Zoology 259(1): 69-76. doi: 10.1017/S0952836902002972 Reference page. ...
Verbascum, common name mullein also known as velvet plant Mullein is used for cough, whooping cough, tuberculosis, bronchitis, hoarseness, pneumonia, earaches, colds, chills, flu, swine flu, fever, allergies, tonsillitis, and sore throat. Other uses incl
A major part of the preparations in this group are combined preparations. Preparations containing e.g. analgesics and antispasmodics could be classified either in this group or in N02 - Analgesics. Combinations of psycholeptics and antispasmodics could be classified in A03 or in N05 - Psycholeptics etc. The main indication for the use of the combination will, together with the relative effect of the active components, decide the classification. In the treatment of pain caused by spasms, the spasmolytic component must be judged as more important than the analgesic component. Accordingly, analgesic/antispasmodic combinations should be classified in A03 if the main effect of the preparation is the antispasmodic action ...
Wormeze Paste is for the removal of large roundworms (Ascarids) in puppies and adult dogs. Prime rib flavor for easy administration and assurance that your dog or cat ingests the proper dose. Safe for puppies too.
Weber, K.; Johnsson, N.; Plessmann, U.; Van, P. N.; Söling, H. D.; Ampe, C.; Vandekerckhove, J.: The amino acid sequence of protein II and its phosphorylation site for protein kinase C; the domain structure Ca2+-modulated lipid binding proteins. EMBO Journal 6 (6), pp. 1599 - 1604 (1987 ...
ClearColi® BL21(DE3) Electrocompetent Cells Eliminate endotoxin at the source Genetically modified LPS does not trigger endotoxic response in human cells Ideal for mammalian cell immunogenicity testing, toxicity assays, and therapeutic protein drug discovery Useful for membrane and lipid binding protein production Prot
Survey: Cross-sectional - GPS coordinates (GIS) - Household - Individual - Interview - Nationally representative - Subnationally representative - Urban-rural representative ...
Look at the brine shrimp under the microscope. Draw what you see on the back of the lab sheet. Describe what you see. Can you tell the difference between a female and male brine shrimp? ...
Congenital ocular and related anomalies were studied in two unrelated young raccoons. One animal was anophthalmic and had severe anomalies of the central nervous system, consisting of meningoencephalocele, pachygyria, hydranencephaly, cerebellar cavi
Looking for coon? Find out information about coon. see raccoon raccoon, nocturnal New World mammal of the genus Procyon. The common raccoon of North America, Procyon lotor, also called coon, is found from S... Explanation of coon
Theres usually no middle-of-the-road opinion when it comes to raccoons: People either love or hate them. A prime example of urban wildlife, the raccoon (Procyon lotor) is intelligent, dexterous and inquisitive, and seldom passes up an opportunity to investigate anything that strikes its fancy. Raccoons make a nuisance of themselves pretty quickly with their nighttime forays raiding and emptying trash cans and pet food bowls.
Blood tests may be done to see an increase in certain white blood cells known as eosinophilia , but this is not specific to ensure their Ascaris infection. Further examination using X-ray , ultrasound , or CT scan and MRI to see if there are larvae in the lungs, the adult worms in the liver or pancreas, clumps of worms that clog the liver or pancreas. ...
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BioAssay record AID 165587 submitted by ChEMBL: The vascular smooth muscle relaxant activity was expressed as percent relaxation of the developed isometric tension in potassium depolarized rabbit aortic smooth muscle.
hypothetical protein, gbf1, Anapl_04335, AS27_01565, AS28_01193, C79137, C9orf15, CB1_000576027, D623_10025025, gamma-interferon-activated transcriptional element-binding factor 1, GATE-binding factor 1, GBF-1, H920_19196, I79_014770, M91_12705, M959_12051, MDA_GLEAN10019304, membrane-associated prostaglandin E synthase 2, membrane-associated prostaglandin E synthase-2, microsomal prostaglandin E synthase 2, microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-2, Mpges2, MPGES-2, mPGE synthase-2, N300_09271, N301_12743, N302_13172, N303_06092, N305_09010, N306_14810, N307_02442, N308_10508, N311_11677, N312_00533, N320_07005, N321_11509, N322_00413, N324_09565, N325_00199, N326_00389, N327_11175, N328_09700, N329_10988, N330_00570, N331_03110, N332_07603, N333_00239, N334_00603, N335_09322, N336_03658, N339_06101, N340_07113, N341_11017, PAL_GLEAN10012478, PANDA_003194, pges2, prostaglandin E receptor 2, prostaglandin E synthase 2-like protein, prostaglandin-H(2) E-isomerase, TREES_T100004307, UY3_04702, ...
During April 2010-March 2013, the Maine Department of Health and Human Services investigated multiple cases of ascariasis that had been reported by health-care providers, veterinarians, and patients. All of the cases were in persons who had lived or worked on Maine farms and had frequent exposure to pigs. Ascariasis, a parasitic roundworm infection caused by Ascaris species, is the most common human intestinal worm infection globally.* However, because ascariasis is not a reportable disease, limited data exist regarding the incidence of this infection in the United States (1), and the number of annual cases in Maine is unknown. After investigation, 14 persons on seven farms in Maine were identified with Ascaris infection. To better assess the extent of the ascariasis problem, state health officials conducted field investigations at four of the seven farms with reported cases and collected worms from humans and pigs and from pooled pig feces. Human worm and pig worm specimens were sent to CDC for ...
An attempt was made to test the sensitivity of homing pigeons to weak magnetic variations of the order of the ones naturally occurring on earth. Pigeons were first subjected to a cardiac orienting reflex test to 50 magnetic stimuli and to 50 control stimuli presented alone and randomly interdigitated. They were then subjected to a differential nociceptive conditioning procedure using the same magnetic and control stimuli for 100 trials under each stimulus condition. Cardiac activity was used as an index of reactivity throughout the study. The tests were performed in uniform magnetic fields using l to diameter Helmholtz coils. Results indicate that the magnetic stimuli presentations did not evoke a cardiac orienting reflex when compared to the cardiac orienting response of control pigeons to a neutral luminous stimulus. Moreover, results from the conditioning tests indicate that the magnetic stimuli were not used by the pigeons as a cue presaging the forthcoming shock. It is concluded that, in ...
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Generic Antispasmodic drugs are used to treat symptoms such as pain and spasm in irritable bowel syndrome. Generic anti-spasmodic medication to reduce muscle spasms at discount from our pharmacy.
Great for hatching brine shrimp eggs. Includes hatching container, air pump, air line tubing, air stone, salt, unit of brine shrimp eggs, fine-mesh net, and instructions. Refill includes eggs, air stone, and salt.
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Definition of gill disease in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is gill disease? Meaning of gill disease as a legal term. What does gill disease mean in law?
It is one of many species of parrot that can host the nematode Ascaridia platyceri. Initially popular as a caged bird in the ... Mawson, Patricia M. (1985). "Nematodes (Ascaridia Species) from Some Captive and Feral Parrots". South Australian Ornithologist ...
ISBN 0-85199-421-0 Kajerova V, Barus V, Literak I (2004). Nematodes from the genus Ascaridia parasitizing psittaciform birds: a ... The family includes roundworms belonging to a single genus Ascaridia. Members are essentially intestinal parasites of ...
They often host the intestinal helminths Capillaria columbae and Ascaridia columbae. Their ectoparasites include the ...
"Scanning electron microscope study of two avian nematodes: Ascaridia trilabium (Linstaw, 1904) and Torquatoides balanocephala ...
Dama L.B and Kirdak R.V. (2002). "Effect of Vidhang seed extract against Ascaridia galli in naturally infected fowls (Gallus ... Vidhang fruit extract has cestocidal activity and has activity against Ascaridia galli in infected fowl (Gallus domesticus). " ...
... and internal parasites include Ascaridia galli. The yellowhammer may carry haematozoan blood parasites such as Haemoproteus ...
... ascaridia MeSH B01.500.500.294.700.100.100.108 --- ascaris MeSH B01.500.500.294.700.100.100.108.425 --- ascaris lumbricoides ...
Parasitic roundworms such as species of Ascaridia and Heterakis possess a single sucker at the posterior end of the body, just ...
Ascaridia galli, Heterakis gallinarum, a cestode Raillietina echinobothrida and trematodes such as Paramphistomum sp., ...
... /æskəˈrɪdiə/ is the name of a genus of parasitic nematodes. Members of the genus are primarily intestinal parasites ... 1261 Kajerova V, Barus V, Literak I (2004). Nematodes from the genus Ascaridia parasitizing psittaciform birds: a review and ... ISBN 0-9530150-5-X. 5. Ascaridia - Poultry, reviewed and published by WikiVet at http://en.wikivet.net/Ascaridia_-_Poultry, ...
... is a parasitic roundworm belonging to the phylum Nematoda. Nematodes of the genus Ascaridia are essentially ... Ramadan, HH; Znada, NYA (1992). "Morphology and life history of Ascaridia galli in the domestic fowl that are raised in Jeddah ... Sharma RK, Singh K, Saxena KK (1989). "The effect of levamisole and albendazole on some enzymes of Ascaridia galli and ... Lalchhandama K (2010). "On the structure of Ascaridia galli, the roundworm of domestic fowl" (PDF). Science Vision. 10 (1): 20- ...
Ascaridia sp. are nematode worm parasites, stout white worms up to 12 cms in length, seen worldwide. The parasite species vary ... A collection of mature roundworms (Ascaridia galli) recovered from the small intestine of a layer chicken in rear. In the ...
Anthelmintic efficacy of Sesbania grandiflora leaves and Solanum torvum fruits against the nematode parasite Ascaridia galli ... Anthelmintic efficacy of Sesbania grandiflora leaves and Solanum torvum fruits against the nematode parasite Ascaridia galli. ... Anthelmintic efficacy of Sesbania grandiflora leaves and Solanum torvum fruits against the nematode parasite Ascaridia galli. [ ...
Ascaridia /æskəˈrɪdiə/ is the name of a genus of parasitic nematodes. Members of the genus are primarily intestinal parasites ... 1261 Kajerova V, Barus V, Literak I (2004). Nematodes from the genus Ascaridia parasitizing psittaciform birds: a review and ... ISBN 0-9530150-5-X. 5. Ascaridia - Poultry, reviewed and published by WikiVet at http://en.wikivet.net/Ascaridia_-_Poultry, ...
Ascaridia galli is a parasitic roundworm belonging to the phylum Nematoda. Nematodes of the genus Ascaridia are essentially ... Ramadan, HH; Znada, NYA (1992). "Morphology and life history of Ascaridia galli in the domestic fowl that are raised in Jeddah ... Sharma RK, Singh K, Saxena KK (1989). "The effect of levamisole and albendazole on some enzymes of Ascaridia galli and ... Lalchhandama K (2010). "On the structure of Ascaridia galli, the roundworm of domestic fowl" (PDF). Science Vision. 10 (1): 20- ...
Effect of an artificialAscaridia galliinfection on egg production, immune response, and liver lipid reserve of free-range ... Ascaridia galli eggs in the coprodeum content and adult A. galli worm count were higher in infected hens compared to hens of ... This study was conducted to determine the effect of Ascaridia galli infection on free-range laying hens. Lohmann Brown laying ...
Performa Produksi Dan Karakteristik Organ Dalam Ayam Kampung Umur 12-16 Minggu Yang Diinfeksi Cacing Ascaridia galli Dan ...
... upstream of the promoter of the interferon-gamma gene was significantly associated with the log transformed number of Ascaridia ... Gauly M, Bauer C, Preisinger R, Erhardt G: Genetic differences of Ascaridia galli egg output in laying hens following a single ... Whole blood samples, numbers of adult worms of Ascaridia galli, Heterakis gallinarum, Capillaria spp. and tapeworms of 197 ... Schou T, Permin A, Roepstorff A, Sorensen P, Kjaer J: Comparative genetic resistance to Ascaridia galli infections of 4 ...
Ascaridia sp. adult and larva? (Dhaka). Ascaridida gen. sp. larva (Dhaka, Sylhet?) ...
Definition: Component found in mineralized tissue, (a specialized form of biogenic tissue in which the extracellular matrix is mineralized ...
Efektivitas Daun Jarak (Jatropha curcass Linn) Sebagai Anticacing Ascaridia galli dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Performa Ayam Lokal ... to identify the phytochemical of Jatropha curcas leave extracted with water and methanol as an anthelmintic agent for Ascaridia ...
Ascaridia columbae parakeet, pigeon, Ascaridia galli chicken,pheasant, turkey,. Ascaridia hermaphrodite parakeet. ...
Twenty worms (Ascaridia sp.) were observed in the intestinal lumen.. Histopathologic examination showed diffused liver fibrosis ... By coprologic examination, 3 eggs of Ascaridia sp. worms were found in 1 field of view using 40× magnification. A Gram stain of ...
Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Ascaridia / Plant Extracts / Morinda / Fruit / Anthelmintics Limits ... Animals , Anthelmintics/pharmacology , Ascaridia/drug effects , Fruit , Morinda , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Ethanol ... Atividade anti-helmíntica dos extratos aquoso e etanólico do fruto da Morinda citrifolia sobre Ascaridia galli / Anthelmintic ... was evaluated in chicken naturally infected by Ascaridia galli. The anthelmintic activity in vitro was determined in adult ...
EFFICACY OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF XYLOPIA AETHIOPICA WHOLE FRUITS ON EXPERIMENTAL ASCARIDIA GALLI INFECTION IN GUINEA FOWL KEETS ( ... haematological and biochemical parameters in guinea fowl keets experimentally infected with Ascaridia galli. One hundred guinea ...
Ascaridia lineata (histological section of larva). Ascaris (eggs). Baylisascaris procyonis (embryonated eggs). Baylisascaris ...
Ascaridia galli induced ulcerative proventriculitis in a poultry bird.. Brar RS, Kumar R, Leishangthem GD, Banga HS, Singh ND, ...
For the treatment of Thread Worm (Capillaria spp.) Tapeworm (Raillietina spp, Choanotaenia spp.), Roundworm (Ascaridia spp.), ...
... the most commonly found being Ascaridia galli (Round Worm), Heterakis gallinae (Caecal Worm), Syngamus trachae (Tracheal Worm) ...
Ascaridia gallinae Histomonas meleagridis Eimeria meleadridis Tyzzeria pernicoiosa Trichomonas gallinae * A 3-year-old spayed ... Ascaridia spp. Trichomonas gallinae Eimeria spp. * Which tick of dogs is also referred to as the "kennel tick" because it can ...
Of 292 Alaskan ptarmigan Lagopus spp examined 37 were found to be infected with helminths viz five species of nematodes two species of trematodes and four species of cestodes Trichostrongylus tenuis f
Immunopathogenesis of Ascaridia galli infection in layer chicken. Dev Comp Immunol (2011) 35:774-84. doi:10.1016/j.dci.2011.02. ... Ascaridia galli, have been shown to cause a polarized type of cytokine expression in chickens (30). ...
Okulewicz, A and Zlotorzycka, J (1985). Connections between Ascaridia galli and the bacterial flora in the intestine of hens. ...
Study FEC practical flashcards from Emily Stacey
  • Ascaridia - Poultry, reviewed and published by WikiVet at http://en.wikivet.net/Ascaridia_-_Poultry, accessed 16/08/2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present experiment was aimed to identify the phytochemical of Jatropha curcas leave extracted with water and methanol as an anthelmintic agent for Ascaridia galli , and its effect on native chicken performance. (ipb.ac.id)