An expert system for the evaluation of historical asbestos exposure as diagnostic criterion in asbestos-related diseases. (1/365)Compensation schemes for asbestos-related diseases have developed different strategies for attributing a specific disease to occupational exposure to asbestos in the past. In the absence of quantitative exposure information that allows a valid estimate of an individual's historical exposure, general guidelines are required to retrospectively evaluate asbestos exposure. A risk matrix has been developed that contains qualitative information on the proportion of workers exposed and the level of exposure in particular industries over time. Based on this risk matrix, stepwise decision trees were formulated for decisions regarding the decisive role of historical asbestos exposure in case ascertainment of asbestosis and mesothelioma. Application of decision schemes will serve to speed up the process of verifying compensation claims and also contribute to a uniform decision-making process in legal procedures. (+info)
A historical cohort mortality study of workers exposed to asbestos in a refitting shipyard. (2/365)To investigate the risks of developing asbestos-related diseases we conducted a historical cohort mortality study on 249 ship repair workers (90 laggers and 159 boiler repairers) in a single U.S. Navy shipyard in Japan. We successfully identified the vital status of 87 (96.7%) laggers and 150 (94.3%) boiler repairers, and, of these, 49 (56.3%) and 65 (43.3%) died, respectively, during the follow-up period from 1947 till the end of 1996. Our in-person interviews with some of the subjects clarified that asbestos exposure was considered to be substantially high in the 1950-60s, decreased thereafter gradually but remained till 1979 in the shipyard. The laggers, who had handled asbestos materials directly, showed a significantly elevated SMR of 2.75 (95% C.I.: 1.08-6.48) for lung cancer. The risk developing the disease was greater in the laggers after a 20-year latency (SMR = 3.42). Pancreatic cancer yielded a greater SMR than unity (7.78, 90% C.I.: 2.07-25.19) in a longer working years group. Four laggers died from asbestosis. The boiler repairers, who had many chances for secondary exposure to asbestos and a few for direct exposure, showed no elevation of the SMR of lung cancer overall, but there was a borderline statistically significant SMR of 2.41 (90% C.I.: 1.05-5.45) in a longer working years group. One boiler repairer died from mesothelioma and four from asbestosis. (+info)
A retired shipyard worker with rapidly progressive pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. (3/365)We present a case of progressive interstitial fibrosis in a retired shipyard worker who was exposed to asbestos during the postwar era of the late 1940s and 1950s, when asbestos exposures in the workplace were not regulated. Forty years later, at 63 years of age, the patient presented with restrictive lung disease. The patient was diagnosed with asbestos-related pleural disease and parenchymal asbestosis. He remained stable for the next 7 years, but then he began to manifest rapid clinical progression, which raised the possibility of an unusual variant of asbestosis, a concomitant interstitial process, or an unrelated disease. Lung biopsy was not undertaken because of the patient's low pulmonary reserve and limited treatment options. An empiric trial of oral steroids was initiated, but his pulmonary status continued to deteriorate and he died of pulmonary failure at 72 years of age. Many diseases result in pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. Ideally, open lung biopsy should be performed, but this procedure inevitably causes complications in many patients with end-stage restrictive lung disease. Furthermore, while the presence of asbestos bodies in tissue sections is a sensitive and specific marker of asbestos exposure, neither this finding nor any other charge is a marker indicative of asbestosis or the severity of asbestosis. With the enactment of the Asbestos Standard in the United States, asbestos exposures have been decreasing in this country. However, industries that produce asbestos products and wastes continue to expand in developing countries. Prevention of asbestos-related lung disease should be a global endeavor, and asbestos exposures should be regulated in both developed and developing countries. (+info)
Asbestos related mortality in Northern Ireland: 1985-1994. (4/365)BACKGROUND: The association between Belfast and research into the hazardous effects of asbestos exposure goes back many years. This paper aims to update previous papers and review the burden of asbestos related disease in Northern Ireland today. METHODS: A study was carried out of all deaths in Northern Ireland between 1985 and 1994 inclusive, in which an asbestos related disease was mentioned anywhere on the death certificate. RESULTS: During this 10 year period, 527 asbestos related deaths were recorded; 88 per cent of these were in men. A total of 410 (77.8 per cent) were registered as the primary cause of death but only 405 (76.9 per cent) of cases were the subject of an autopsy. Standardized rates of pleural cancer in males have been increasing at 3.2 per cent per year though the trend was not significant. Lower rates in the last two years may herald the commencement of a decline. Deaths were clustered around the Belfast estuary, the site of Northern Ireland's shipbuilding industry. High proportional mortality ratios were demonstrated for occupations associated with the shipbuilding and construction industries. Evidence is presented that casts doubt on the attribution of peritoneal cancers in females to asbestos exposure. If lung cancers are included, there may be an average of 81 asbestos related deaths in Northern Ireland every year. CONCLUSION: Asbestos related diseases continue to extract a heavy burden of ill health in Northern Ireland today. There are some indications that the upward trend may be on the wane but confirmation of this will have to await further data. Measures to reduce exposure in the workplace to both asbestos and to tobacco smoke are the only means of reducing this burden. (+info)
Chrysotile-induced asbestosis: changes in the free cell population, pulmonary surfactant and whole lung tissue of rats. (5/365)Rats inhaling chrysotile asbestos contracted asbestosis and fibrosis of the lungs. Studies of biochemical and morphological changes (between normal and treated animals) show that chrysotile induces an increase in the lung free cell population and pulmonary surfactant levels. Lysosomal enzyme levels are elevated in both the whole lung and free cell population and there are considerable changes in macrophage morphology. It is suggested that the primary response of the lung to chrysotile is an increase in surfactant production coupled with an increase in free cell numbers, in order to prevent the cytotoxic effect of the dust. (+info)
The hazards of chrysotile asbestos: a critical review. (6/365)Chrysotile, or "white", asbestos is the dominant form of asbestos in international commerce today. It accounts for 99% of current world asbestos production of 2 million tonnes. Chrysotile is an extremely hazardous material. Clinical and epidemiologic studies have established incontrovertibly that chrysotile causes cancer of the lung, malignant mesothelioma of the pleura and peritoneum, cancer of the larynx and certain gastrointestinal cancers. Chrysotile also causes asbestosis, a progressive fibrous disease of the lungs. Risk of these diseases increases with cumulative lifetime exposure to chrysotile and rises also with increasing time interval (latency) since first exposure. Comparative analyses have established that chrysotile is 2 to 4 times less potent than crocidolite asbestos in its ability to cause malignant mesothelioma, but of equal potency of causation of lung cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization has declared chrysotile asbestos a proven human carcinogen. Sales of chrysotile asbestos have virtually ended in Western Europe and North America, because of widespread recognition of its health hazards. However, asbestos sales remain strong in Japan, across Asia and in developing nations worldwide. The claim has been made that chrysotile asbestos can be used "safely" under "certain conditions" in those nations. That claim is not accurate. The Collegium Ramazzini, an international learned society in environmental and occupational medicine, has called for an immediate worldwide ban on all sales and uses of all forms of asbestos, including chrysotile. The rationale for this ban is threefold: (1) that safer substitute materials are readily available, (2) that "controlled" use of asbestos is not possible, and (3) that the health risks of asbestos are not acceptable in either the industrialized or the newly industrializing nations. (+info)
k-ras mutation and occupational asbestos exposure in lung adenocarcinoma: asbestos-related cancer without asbestosis. (7/365)Environmental carcinogen exposure is requisite for the development of nearly all lung cancer, and it is well known that asbestos exposure interacts synergistically with tobacco smoke to induce lung cancer. However, the precise molecular lesions induced by asbestos are unknown. Furthermore, it is also unknown whether asbestos carcinogenesis proceeds in a fashion independent of or dependent upon the induction of fibrosis in workers with high asbestos exposures. Previous studies have suggested that asbestos is associated with the presence of a k-ras mutation in adenocarcinoma of the lung. We aimed to test whether occupational asbestos exposure was associated with k-ras codon 12 mutations in lung adenocarcinoma tumors and to determine whether this was conditional on the presence of asbestosis. All newly diagnosed, resectable lung cancer patients receiving treatment at the Massachusetts General Hospital between November 1992 and December 1996 were eligible to participate. Because k-ras mutation is very strongly associated with adenocarcinoma, and men were more likely to be occupationally exposed to asbestos, the study was restricted to males with this histological diagnosis. There were 84 male patients with available questionnaire-derived work history data and paraffin-embedded tumor tissue for determination of k-ras mutation status. Chest radiographic evaluation was done for all of the patients who reported occupational exposure to asbestos. The prevalence of k-ras mutation was higher among those with a history of occupational asbestos exposure (crude odds ratio, 4.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.5-15.4) compared to those without asbestos exposure, and this association remained after adjustment for age and pack-years smoked (adjusted odds ratio, 6.9; 95% confidence interval, 1.7-28.6). An index score that weights both the dates of exposure and the estimated intensity of exposure indicated that those with k-ras mutations had significantly greater asbestos exposures than those without mutations (P < 0.01). Analysis of the descriptive components of exposure indicated that the duration of exposure was not associated with k-ras mutation, but that the time since initial exposure was significantly associated with mutation status. The association of k-ras mutation and reported asbestos exposure was not dependent on the presence of radiographic evidence of asbestos-related disease. These data suggest that asbestos exposure increases the likelihood of mutation at k-ras codon 12 and that this process occurs independently of the induction of interstitial fibrosis. (+info)
Carboxyterminal propeptide of type I procollagen in ELF: elevation in asbestosis, but not in pleural plaque disease. (8/365)Markers of collagen metabolism may possibly be used in the assessment of pulmonary involvement in asbestosis-related pulmonary diseases. In this study the levels of the carboxyterminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP) and the aminoterminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) were evaluated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), epithelial lining fluid (ELF) and serum from patients with asbestos related pulmonary and pleural involvement. Forty-two consecutive patients with occupational exposure to asbestos fibres, who underwent bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) at the time of the diagnosis were investigated. Five patients were diagnosed as having asbestosis, while 37 showed no parenchymal involvement. Of the latter group, 25 had pleural plaques, while 12 had no detectable changes in chest radiographs. The patients were followed-up for an average of 7 yrs. The PICP in BALF and ELF was detectable in all patients with asbestosis and in 8/37 subjects without parenchymal involvement. The levels of PICP in BALF and ELF were significantly higher in the asbestosis group compared to the patients without asbestosis (9.8+/-1.8 microg x L(-1) versus 0.6+/-1.3 microg x L(-1), p<0.001 and 488.9+/-208.8 microg x L(-1) versus 22.6+/-50.6 microg x L(-1), p<0.001, respectively). Only 1 patient with asbestosis and 3 patients without parenchymal involvement had detectable levels of PIIINP in BALF. The serum levels of PICP and PIIINP did not differ between the patients with asbestosis and those with exposure to asbestos fibres without asbestosis and were within the normal range. None of the 37 patients exposed to asbestos fibres without parenchymal involvement at the baseline developed asbestosis during the follow-up period of 7 yrs. In conclusion, the data show that the carboxyterminal propeptide of procollagen type I, but not the aminoterminal propeptide of type III procollagen is highly elevated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and epithelial lining fluid in patients with asbestosis, but not in those without parenchymal involvement. This suggests that the determination of carboxyterminal propeptide of procollagen type I in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid could be used as a marker of parenchymal involvement in patients exposed to asbestos fibres. (+info)
Asbestosis is a chronic lung disease caused by the inhalation of asbestos fibers. Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral that was widely used in construction, shipbuilding, and other industries until its harmful effects were discovered. When asbestos fibers are inhaled, they can become trapped in the lungs and cause inflammation and scarring, leading to the development of asbestosis. The symptoms of asbestosis may not appear until many years after exposure to asbestos, and can include shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. As the disease progresses, symptoms may become more severe and can lead to disability and death. There is currently no cure for asbestosis, but treatment can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Treatment options may include medications to manage symptoms, oxygen therapy, and pulmonary rehabilitation. It is important for individuals who have been exposed to asbestos to be aware of the potential risks and to seek medical attention if they experience any symptoms.
Asbestos is a group of six naturally occurring minerals that were widely used in construction and manufacturing industries due to their heat-resistant and fireproof properties. However, asbestos fibers can be easily released into the air when materials containing asbestos are disturbed, and prolonged exposure to these fibers can cause serious health problems. In the medical field, asbestos exposure is associated with several types of cancer, including mesothelioma, lung cancer, and ovarian cancer. Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive cancer that affects the lining of the lungs, chest wall, or abdominal cavity, and is almost always caused by exposure to asbestos. Asbestos-related diseases typically take many years to develop after exposure, and there is currently no known cure for mesothelioma. Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, but the prognosis for individuals with mesothelioma is generally poor. In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the dangers of asbestos, and many countries have banned or restricted its use. However, asbestos remains a significant public health concern in some parts of the world, and efforts are ongoing to identify and eliminate asbestos-containing materials in buildings and other structures.
Pleural diseases refer to any disorders that affect the pleura, which is the thin, double-layered membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the inside of the chest cavity. The pleura helps to lubricate the lungs and reduce friction as they move during breathing. Pleural diseases can be classified into two main categories: pleural effusions and pleural thickening. Pleural effusions are the accumulation of fluid in the space between the two layers of the pleura. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, cancer, heart failure, and lung diseases such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. Pleural effusions can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, and coughing. Pleural thickening, also known as pleural plaques, is the thickening of the pleura itself. This can be caused by exposure to asbestos, which is a known carcinogen that can cause mesothelioma, a rare and aggressive form of cancer that affects the lining of the lungs and chest cavity. Pleural thickening can also be caused by other factors such as radiation therapy, infections, and autoimmune diseases. Other pleural diseases include pleural fibrosis, which is the scarring of the pleura, and pleural calcification, which is the formation of calcium deposits in the pleura. These conditions can also be caused by exposure to asbestos or other irritants, as well as by certain medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
Asbestos, serpentine is a type of naturally occurring mineral that was widely used in construction materials and other industrial applications due to its heat-resistant and fireproof properties. However, exposure to asbestos fibers can cause serious health problems, including lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis. In the medical field, asbestos, serpentine is often referred to as a carcinogen, meaning that it has the potential to cause cancer. Asbestos fibers can become airborne when materials containing asbestos are disturbed or damaged, and can be inhaled into the lungs. Once in the lungs, the fibers can become embedded in lung tissue and cause inflammation and scarring, leading to the development of lung cancer or mesothelioma. Asbestos, serpentine is no longer used in many countries due to its harmful effects on human health. However, it is still present in many older buildings and industrial sites, and workers in these environments may be at risk of exposure to asbestos fibers. Therefore, it is important for healthcare professionals to be aware of the potential health risks associated with asbestos exposure and to take appropriate precautions to protect themselves and their patients.
Asbestos, Crocidolite is a type of asbestos that is known to be the most dangerous and hazardous to human health. It is a blue or blue-green mineral fiber that was commonly used in construction materials, insulation, and other products until its harmful effects were widely recognized. When asbestos fibers are inhaled, they can become lodged in the lungs and cause inflammation, scarring, and damage to lung tissue. Over time, this can lead to the development of serious respiratory diseases such as asbestosis, mesothelioma, and lung cancer. Asbestos, Crocidolite is considered a Group 1 carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), which means that it is known to cause cancer in humans. As a result, the use of asbestos, including Crocidolite, has been banned in many countries, and efforts are being made to remove asbestos from buildings and other structures where it may still be present.
Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive type of cancer that develops in the mesothelium, which is the thin layer of tissue that covers most of the internal organs in the body. The most common type of mesothelioma is pleural mesothelioma, which affects the lining of the lungs (pleura). Other types of mesothelioma can develop in the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum), the lining of the heart (pericardium), and the lining of the testicles (tunica vaginalis). Mesothelioma is almost always caused by exposure to asbestos, a naturally occurring mineral that was widely used in construction, shipbuilding, and other industries until the 1970s. When asbestos fibers are inhaled or ingested, they can become embedded in the mesothelium and cause damage that leads to the development of cancerous tumors. Symptoms of mesothelioma may not appear until many years after exposure to asbestos, and can include shortness of breath, chest pain, coughing, and weight loss. Treatment options for mesothelioma include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. However, mesothelioma is often difficult to diagnose and treat, and the prognosis is generally poor.
In the medical field, the term "construction materials" typically refers to the various materials and substances used in the construction and maintenance of medical facilities, such as hospitals, clinics, and laboratories. These materials can include a wide range of substances, such as metals, plastics, ceramics, and composites, as well as specialized materials designed for specific medical applications, such as antimicrobial coatings or materials that can be sterilized easily. The selection and use of construction materials in the medical field is critical to ensuring the safety and health of patients, medical staff, and visitors. Medical facilities must comply with strict regulations and guidelines regarding the use of construction materials, including requirements for durability, safety, and infection control. Additionally, medical facilities must consider the environmental impact of their construction materials, including the potential for toxicity and waste generation.
In the medical field, mineral fibers refer to a group of naturally occurring or synthetic fibers that are composed of minerals. These fibers can be classified into two main categories: asbestos and non-asbestos mineral fibers. Asbestos is a group of six naturally occurring minerals that were widely used in construction, manufacturing, and other industries due to their heat-resistant and fireproof properties. However, asbestos fibers are also known to be highly toxic and can cause serious health problems, including lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis, when inhaled. Non-asbestos mineral fibers, on the other hand, are synthetic fibers that are made from minerals such as wollastonite, talc, and glass. These fibers are used in a variety of products, including insulation, roofing materials, and automotive parts. While non-asbestos mineral fibers are generally considered to be less toxic than asbestos, some studies have suggested that they may still pose a health risk when inhaled in high concentrations. In summary, mineral fibers are a group of fibers that are composed of minerals, including asbestos and non-asbestos mineral fibers. These fibers can cause serious health problems when inhaled, and their use has been restricted or banned in many countries due to their potential health risks.
Pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic lung disease characterized by the scarring and thickening of the lung tissue, which can lead to difficulty breathing and a reduced ability to transfer oxygen from the lungs to the bloodstream. This scarring, or fibrosis, is caused by damage to the lungs, which can be the result of a variety of factors, including exposure to environmental pollutants, certain medications, infections, and autoimmune diseases. Pulmonary fibrosis can be a progressive disease, meaning that the scarring and thickening of the lung tissue can worsen over time, leading to more severe symptoms and a reduced quality of life. Treatment for pulmonary fibrosis typically involves managing symptoms and slowing the progression of the disease, but there is currently no cure.
Silicosis is a lung disease caused by the inhalation of crystalline silica dust. It is characterized by the formation of scar tissue in the lungs, which can lead to shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. The disease is most commonly associated with the mining and processing of minerals such as quartz, sandstone, and granite, as well as with the manufacture of glass and ceramics. Silicosis can be acute, subacute, or chronic, depending on the duration and intensity of exposure to silica dust. It is a preventable disease, and steps can be taken to reduce exposure to silica dust in the workplace.
Occupational diseases are illnesses or injuries that are caused by exposure to hazards or conditions in the workplace. These hazards or conditions can include chemicals, dusts, fumes, radiation, noise, vibration, and physical demands such as repetitive motions or awkward postures. Occupational diseases can affect various systems in the body, including the respiratory system, skin, eyes, ears, cardiovascular system, and nervous system. Examples of occupational diseases include asbestosis, silicosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and hearing loss. Occupational diseases are preventable through proper safety measures and regulations in the workplace. Employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthy work environment for their employees, and workers have the right to report hazards and seek medical attention if they experience any symptoms related to their work.
Asbestos, Amosite is a type of asbestos that is commonly found in building materials such as insulation, roofing, and flooring. It is a fibrous mineral that was widely used in construction and manufacturing industries due to its heat-resistant and fire-resistant properties. However, asbestos fibers can be easily released into the air when the materials containing them are disturbed, and prolonged exposure to asbestos fibers can cause serious health problems, including lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis. In the medical field, asbestos, Amosite is considered a hazardous substance that can cause serious health effects, and exposure to it should be avoided. If someone has been exposed to asbestos, they should seek medical attention immediately if they experience any symptoms such as coughing, shortness of breath, or chest pain.
Asbestos, Amphibole refers to a group of minerals that were commonly used in building materials, insulation, and other products due to their heat-resistant and fireproof properties. Amphibole asbestos fibers are longer, thinner, and more flexible than chrysotile asbestos fibers, which are the most common type of asbestos. Exposure to asbestos fibers can cause serious health problems, including lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis. Amphibole asbestos fibers are considered more dangerous than chrysotile asbestos fibers because they are more easily inhaled and can penetrate deeper into the lungs. In the medical field, asbestos, Amphibole is often studied as a potential cause of lung cancer and mesothelioma, and doctors may order tests to detect asbestos exposure in patients with these conditions. Treatment for asbestos-related diseases may include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Lung neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors that develop in the lungs. These growths can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Lung neoplasms can occur in any part of the lung, including the bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli. Lung neoplasms can be further classified based on their type, including: 1. Primary lung neoplasms: These are tumors that develop in the lungs and do not spread to other parts of the body. 2. Secondary lung neoplasms: These are tumors that develop in the lungs as a result of cancer that has spread from another part of the body. 3. Benign lung neoplasms: These are non-cancerous tumors that do not spread to other parts of the body. 4. Malignant lung neoplasms: These are cancerous tumors that can spread to other parts of the body. Some common types of lung neoplasms include lung adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and small cell carcinoma. The diagnosis of lung neoplasms typically involves a combination of imaging tests, such as chest X-rays and CT scans, and a biopsy to examine a sample of tissue from the tumor. Treatment options for lung neoplasms depend on the type, size, and location of the tumor, as well as the overall health of the patient.
Pleural neoplasms refer to tumors that develop in the pleura, which is the thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs and lines the inside of the chest cavity. These tumors can be either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). There are two types of pleural neoplasms: primary pleural neoplasms and secondary pleural neoplasms. Primary pleural neoplasms are tumors that start in the pleura itself, while secondary pleural neoplasms are tumors that have spread to the pleura from another part of the body. Some common types of pleural neoplasms include mesothelioma, a type of cancer that is often associated with exposure to asbestos, and pleural effusion, which is the accumulation of fluid in the pleural space. Other types of pleural neoplasms include pleural fibroma, pleural sarcoma, and pleural mesothelioma. The diagnosis of pleural neoplasms typically involves a combination of imaging tests, such as chest X-rays, CT scans, and MRI scans, as well as a biopsy to confirm the presence of cancer cells. Treatment options for pleural neoplasms depend on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as the overall health of the patient.
Pneumoconiosis is a group of lung diseases caused by the inhalation of dust particles that are small enough to be breathed deep into the lungs. These dust particles can be made up of a variety of materials, including coal, silica, asbestos, and other minerals. Over time, the dust particles can accumulate in the lungs and cause inflammation, scarring, and other damage to the lung tissue. This can lead to a range of symptoms, including shortness of breath, coughing, and chest pain. Pneumoconiosis can be a serious and potentially life-threatening condition, and it is important for people who work in industries that involve exposure to dust particles to take steps to protect themselves from the risk of developing this disease.
Auscultation is a medical procedure in which a healthcare provider listens to sounds within the body, typically using a stethoscope. It is commonly used to diagnose various medical conditions, such as heart murmurs, lung infections, and bowel sounds. During auscultation, the healthcare provider places the stethoscope on the patient's skin and listens for specific sounds, such as heartbeats, breath sounds, or bowel movements. The healthcare provider may also use different techniques, such as changing the angle of the stethoscope or using a diaphragm or bell, to better hear the sounds within the body. Auscultation is a valuable tool in the diagnostic process and is often used in conjunction with other medical tests and procedures.
Talc is a naturally occurring mineral that is commonly used in a variety of products, including cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and medical devices. In the medical field, talc is often used as a powder to absorb moisture and reduce friction between skin and clothing, as well as to reduce the risk of skin irritation and infection. Talc is also used in some surgical procedures as a lubricant to help reduce friction and improve the ease of movement during surgery. However, talc has been associated with certain health risks, including the development of ovarian cancer, and its use in medical products is being closely monitored by regulatory agencies.
Restrictive lung disease
Asbestos and the law
Turner & Newall
Deaths in March 2010
Deaths in November 2007
RSA Insurance Group
Armley asbestos disaster
Babcock & Wilcox
Adams v Cape Industries plc
Jack Barry (unionist)
Occupational lung disease
In re Garlock Sealing Technologies, LLC
Lloyd's of London
Asbestosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Interstitial Lung Diseases | Silicosis | Asbestosis | MedlinePlus
Asbestosis Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination
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Asbestosis - Pulmonary Disorders - MSD Manual Professional Edition
Asbestosis' true - collabnation.net
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Miami Computer Repair: ICRA Associate Member
ICRA Associate Members
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Asbestos: Risks of Exposure and Tips To Avoid It
Calcified pleural plaques in asbestosis: An investigation into their significance - National Institute for Occupational Health
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Table 1 - Concurrent Silicosis and Pulmonary Mycosis at Death - Volume 16, Number 2-February 2010 - Emerging Infectious...
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- Excludes deaths with any mention (underlying or contributing cause) of silicosis, asbestosis, and/or CWP. (cdc.gov)
- Experts consider asbestosis as an irreversible lung scarring that can be fatal. (collabnation.net)
- Pleural plaques in the chest x-ray or CT scan can help diagnose asbestosis and differentiate from other forms of pulmonary fibrosis. (medlineplus.gov)
- Asbestos exposure can cause a multitude of diseases to include pleural plaques , pleural thickening , asbestosis , pleural mesothelioma , peritoneal mesothelioma and asbestos induced lung cancer, the latter 3 of which are fatal conditions. (boyesturnerclaims.com)
- Kawabata Y. Asbestos exposure results in asbestosis and usual interstitial pneumonia similar to other causes of pneumoconiosis. (medscape.com)
- Asbestosis is a form of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis caused by asbestos exposure. (msdmanuals.com)
- Asbestosis appears earlier in patients with greater duration and intensity of exposure. (msdmanuals.com)
- As a result of this conference a fibre ml level of 25 fibre/ml years was deemed to be the level upon which asbestosis or lung cancer could be deemed as being caused by asbestos exposure. (boyesturnerclaims.com)
- The pulmonologist diagnoses asbestosis on the basis of the patient's exposure history, latency of symptoms (occurring 45 years after first exposure), chest radiograph findings, and pulmonary function results. (cdc.gov)
- In February 2010, the employee was diagnosed with lung cancer and the employer conceded that the condition was causally connected to the asbestosis exposure. (lexisnexis.com)
- We have include this picture of asbestos fibers becuase inhaling these fibers is the cause of asbestosis and Mesothelioma. (blogspot.com)
- Therefore, people with Asbestosis suffer severe dyspnea or shortness of breath and have an increased risk for developing different types of lung cancer and mesothelioma. (collabnation.net)
- If you breathe in the fibers over long periods of time, you increase your risk for diseases like lung cancer , mesothelioma , and asbestosis. (webmd.com)
- Asbestosis may be defined as a chronic inflammatory medical condition that affects the parenchymal tissue of the lungs. (collabnation.net)
- Asbestosis is a degenerative, but nonmalignant, chronic lung disease caused by asbestos. (mesohio.com)
- The term UIP is often used interchangeably with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but other clinical conditions are associated with UIP, although less commonly, including collagen vascular disease, drug toxicity, chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis, asbestosis, familial IPF, and Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome. (medscape.com)
- The MUC5B promoter risk allele for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis predisposes to asbestosis. (medscape.com)
- In its 2005 paper entitled, "Asbestos-related diseases" , the Industrial Injuries Advisory Council ("IIAC") considered the criteria by which asbestosis could on the balance of probabilities be attributed to asbestos. (boyesturnerclaims.com)
- It's typically more severe than asbestosis. (healthline.com)
- On a conventional chest radiograph, the radiologist (a certified "B Reader") finds small, irregular opacities in both lung bases consistent with early-stage asbestosis. (cdc.gov)
- It's possible to develop COPD as a complication of an asbestosis diagnosis. (healthline.com)
- If you've been diagnosed with asbestosis, call your provider right away if you develop a cough, shortness of breath, fever, or other signs of a lung infection, especially if you think you have the flu. (medlineplus.gov)
- In advanced asbestosis, patients may show the signs associated with cor pulmonale, such as cyanosis, jugular venous distention, hepatojugular reflux, and pedal edema. (medscape.com)
- He found alarming rates of lung cancer and asbestosis. (asbestosnetwork.com)
- People with asbestosis are more likely to develop lung cancer . (webmd.com)
- The employer contended, however, that death benefits should be based on the minimum benefit allowable-$30.00 per week-since the employee had enjoyed no earnings at the time he was diagnosed with asbestosis and none when he was diagnosed with cancer. (lexisnexis.com)
- It was not until 1924, however, that the first case of asbestosis was reported in a medical journal. (asbestosnetwork.com)
- Asbestosis is an asbetos-related disease and may be considered as an occupational disease too since the most cases occur among people who worked with asbestos or their families, but there are cases of people who developed it, without have been in contact with this mineral at any period of their lives. (collabnation.net)
- Most people who have been diagnosed with asbestosis acquired it in the workplace before the 1970s when the government began restricting the use of asbestos. (mesohio.com)
- Three years later, he was diagnosed with asbestosis. (lexisnexis.com)
- Having asbestosis makes it easier for you to develop lung infections. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with asbestosis, we offer a free initial consultation to answer your questions and explain your rights. (mesohio.com)
- When asbestos fibers become airborne and are breathed into the lungs, they can cause asbestosis, mesothelioma, lung cancer, and other problems. (webmd.com)
- asbestosis , lung cancer , and mesothelioma . (medscape.com)
- Asbestos exposure can cause several serious health problems, including mesothelioma and asbestosis. (mesothelioma.com)
- Mesothelioma, asbestosis, and related health effects in asbestos exposure cases. (findlaw.com)
- The inhalation of asbestos fibers may lead to a number of respiratory diseases, including lung cancer, asbestosis, pleural plaques, benign pleural effusion, and malignant mesothelioma. (nih.gov)
- Asbestosis generally progresses slowly, whereas malignant mesothelioma has an extremely poor prognosis. (nih.gov)
- ALERT: We are curently filing mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis claims during the coronavirus / COVID-19 pandemic. (mesotheliomatreatmentcenters.org)
- Anyone inhaling this deadly dust over prolonged periods of time becomes extremely vulnerable to asbestos related diseases, such as asbestosis and mesothelioma cancer . (mesotheliomatreatmentcenters.org)
- Studies have shown that a much greater percentage of the oil refinery working population dies of illnesses, such as asbestosis and mesothelioma cancer, than the general population. (mesotheliomatreatmentcenters.org)
- Results from a study in Great Britain reveal that participants who had longer and heavier exposure in their early years were more likely to develop asbestosis versus mesothelioma. (mesothelioma-attorney.com)
- T genetic polymorphism influences the risk of asbestosis in workers occupationally exposed to asbestos.The nested case-control study included 262 cases with asbestosis and 265 controls with no asbestos-related disease. (nih.gov)
- A particular feature of the 2010 version of the asbestosis classification system was that it created a new asbestos-related diagnostic entity "asbestos airways disease", which was for obvious reasons not mentioned in the 1997 consensus report. (sjweh.fi)
- The chest radiograph is normal in 10-20% of patients with histologic evidence of asbestosis. (medscape.com)
- Asbestosis symptoms include a tight chest, a crackling sound in the lungs, persistent cough, chest pain, and more. (webmd.com)
- Pneumoconiosis is a lung disease that is caused by the inhalation and deposition of mineral dust, with asbestosis being a form of pneumoconiosis that is specifically caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers. (medscape.com)
- No evidence exists to confirm that small-airway disease, which is detected by flow volume curves, progresses to asbestosis. (medscape.com)
Lung bases consistent2
- Posteroanterior chest radiograph reveals a few reticulonodular opacities at the lung bases consistent with mild asbestosis. (medscape.com)
- On a conventional chest radiograph, the radiologist (a certified "B Reader") finds small, irregular opacities in both lung bases consistent with early-stage asbestosis. (cdc.gov)
- T promoter polymorphism.A slightly elevated risk of asbestosis was observed in subjects with the CAT -262 TT genotype compared to others (OR=1.36, CI 0.70-2.62). (nih.gov)
- To characterize trends in premature mortality attributed to asbestosis in the United States, CDC analyzed annual underlying cause-of-death data for 1968--2005, the most recent years for which data were available. (cdc.gov)
- Asbestos can be a contributing factor to interstitial lung disease, which may itself be a precursor of asbestosis. (mesotheliomasymptoms.com)
- The one comment that actually concerns the 2014 update has to do with the applicability of the Helsinki criteria to an updated asbestosis classification from 2010 (5). (sjweh.fi)
- HRCT and standard resolution CT (SRCT) scanning are indicated in patients suspected of having asbestosis. (medscape.com)
- Before HRCT gained popularity, gallium-67 scans were often helpful in diagnosing asbestosis in patients with appropriate clinical presentations but normal or equivocal chest radiographs. (medscape.com)
- [ 7 ] Gallium-67 scans are usually positive in patients with asbestosis and may even provide a measure of inflammatory activity, because gallium-67 is believed to be engulfed by alveolar macrophages. (medscape.com)
- Factors in asbestosis include the amount of asbestos someone is exposed to, how long they were exposed, and more. (webmd.com)
- Chest radiography is the traditional modality used for the initial diagnostic evaluation of asbestosis. (medscape.com)
- These results demonstrate that asbestosis-attributable YPLL continue to occur and that efforts to prevent, track, and eliminate asbestosis need to be maintained. (cdc.gov)
- These results are an important contribution to understanding the interactions between genetic and environmental factors that may modify the risk of asbestosis. (nih.gov)
- Conventional radiographs are relatively insensitive in the detection of early asbestosis and tend to underestimate the severity of disease. (medscape.com)
- Imaging features of asbestosis are seen below. (medscape.com)
- This was during the '50s when medical science wasn't aware of the dangers of asbestosis. (sfbayview.com)