Arum: A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. The name derived from ar (fire in Arabic) due to the irritating sap. Flower is a spathe.Araceae: A plant family of the order Arales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocot). Many members contain OXALIC ACID and calcium oxalate (OXALATES).Zantedeschia: A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. The common name of Calla Lily or Callalily also refers to the Calla genus (CALLA PLANT).Propyl Gallate: Antioxidant for foods, fats, oils, ethers, emulsions, waxes, and transformer oils.Amorphophallus: A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. Members contain konjac glucomannan (MANNANS) and SEROTONIN.Ureteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the ureter.Collapse Therapy: Surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis whereby the lung is totally or partially, temporarily or permanently, immobilized. The procedure was based on the popular concept that collapsing the affected portion of a tuberculous lung allowed the infected area to rest and thereby recover. At the beginning of the 20th century artificially induced pneumothorax (PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL) was popular. Later a variety of other techniques was used to encourage collapse of the infected portion of the lung: unilateral phrenic nerve division, PNEUMONOLYSIS, pneumoperitoneum (PNEUMOPERITONEUM, ARTIFICIAL), and THORACOPLASTY. Collapse therapy has declined since the advent of antitubercular chemotherapy. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Sabiston Jr, Textbook of Surgery, 14th ed, p1733-4)Alexander Disease: Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.Urology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.Hymenolepis nana: The smallest species of TAPEWORMS. It is the only cestode that parasitizes humans without requiring an intermediate host.Laser Therapy: The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.Los AngelesSpheniscidae: The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.Fractures, Ununited: A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.Microsporidia: A phylum of fungi comprising minute intracellular PARASITES with FUNGAL SPORES of unicellular origin. It has two classes: Rudimicrosporea and MICROSPOREA.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Pulmonary Stretch Receptors: Stretch receptors found in the bronchi and bronchioles. Pulmonary stretch receptors are sensors for a reflex which stops inspiration. In humans, the reflex is protective and is probably not activated during normal respiration.Unconscious (Psychology): Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Typhoid Fever: An acute systemic febrile infection caused by SALMONELLA TYPHI, a serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)

Carotenoid and ultrastructure variations in plastids of Arum italicum Miller fruit during maturation and ripening. (1/11)

The changes in the pigment pattern and composition occurring in the Arum italicum berry during the various steps of maturation (ivory to deep-green stages) and ripening (yellow and red-orange stages) were studied and correlated to the ultrastructural modifications of plastids. Transmission electron microscopy showed that each stage was characterized by a specific plastidial type following the unusual sequence amyloplast-->chloroplast-->chromoplast. Plastidial transitions were accompanied by profound modifications in the pigmental composition, in particular, in the pattern of carotenoids and their precursors. The HPLC analysis of the carotenoids showed that, besides the two usual all-trans metabolic pathways leading to lutein through alpha-carotene and to auroxanthin through beta-carotene, an additional cis-isomeric biosynthetic pathway leading to cis-neoxanthin through cis-beta-carotene exists. During the pre-ripening stages, the three pathways were present even if with qualitative and quantitative variations. When complete ripening was reached, a block occurred at the cyclization level causing the accumulation of both all-trans (i.e. gamma-carotene and neurosporene) and cis-isomer (i.e. lycopene and zeta-carotene) carotene precursors. Because of the occurrence of unusual pigments and the presence of the three main plastidial types, the fruit of A. italicum may constitute a most instructive model for the study of carotenogenesis.  (+info)

Ubiquitous expression of a gene encoding for uncoupling protein isolated from the thermogenic inflorescence of the dead horse arum Helicodiceros muscivorus. (2/11)

Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are a family of mitochondrial inner membrane proteins that have been implicated in heat production in mammalian cells. The inflorescences of several members of the arum lily family (Araceae) have also been shown to produce heat during flowering, but the involvement of UCP-mediated heat production in plants is not known. In this work a gene has been isolated termed HmUCPa that encodes for a putative uncoupling protein from Helicodiceros muscivorus, a highly thermogenic arum lily. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the expression of HmUCPa was ubiquitously found, both in thermogenic male florets and appendix, and the non-thermogenic female florets, spathe and club-shaped organs of the spadix. These results suggest that HmUCPa is not primarily involved in organ-specific heat production in H. muscivorus.  (+info)

Purification of the plant alternative oxidase from Arum maculatum: measurement, stability and metal requirement. (3/11)

We have purified plant alternative oxidase (AOX) protein from the spadices of thermogenic Arum maculatum (cuckoo pint) to virtual homogeneity. The obtained enzyme fraction exhibits a high specific activity, consuming on average 32 micromol oxygen min(-1) mg(-1), which is completely stable for at least 6 months when the sample is stored at -70 degrees C. This exceptionally stable AOX activity is inhibited approximately 90% (I(50) approximately 10 microM) by 8-hydroxyquinoline (8-OHQ) and also, although to a lesser extent, by other metal chelators such as o-phenanthroline, alpha,alpha'-dipyridyl and EDTA. When inhibited by 8-OHQ, AOX activity is fully restored upon addition of 1.2 mM ferric iron, but neither ferrous iron nor manganese has any effect, whilst zinc decreases activity even further. Furthermore, we have developed a spectrophotometric assay to measure AOX activity in an accurate manner, which will facilitate future steady state and transient kinetic studies. The reliability of this assay is evidenced by retained stability of AOX protein during the course of the reaction, reproducibility of the measured initial rates, an observed 2:1 duroquinol-oxygen stoichiometry and by the fact that, in absolute terms, the measured rates of duroquinone formation and duroquinol disappearance are identical.  (+info)

Pollen-wall formation in Arum alpinum. (4/11)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Arum alpinum has a quite uncommon pollen wall. A sporopolleninous ektexine is missing. The outermost pollen wall layer is formed by the endexine which is covered by polysaccharidic ornamentation elements. An ontogenetical investigation was accomplished to clarify pollen-wall development, with special reference to callose and pollen-wall development. METHODS: Plants of Arum alpinum grown in their natural habitat were collected once a week within the vegetative period and processed for semi- and ultra-thin sectioning. KEY RESULTS: At any stage of pollen-wall formation callose is missing. Microspores are released from the tetrad by invagination of the amoeboid tapetum. The polysaccharidic wall ornamentations are formed by the tapetum. CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be no truth in the dogma that callose is essential for microspore separation and release from the tetrad. The lack of callose does not influence fertility but could be the reason for the uncommon pollen wall, where a sporopolleninous ektexine is missing.  (+info)

A novel functional element in the N-terminal region of Arum concinnatum alternative oxidase is indispensable for catalytic activity of the enzyme in HeLa cells. (5/11)


Endothermy of dynastine scarab beetles (Cyclocephala colasi) associated with pollination biology of a thermogenic arum lily (Philodendron solimoesense). (6/11)


A deceptive pollination system targeting drosophilids through olfactory mimicry of yeast. (7/11)


Chemosensory ecology: deceiving Drosophila. (8/11)


  • Betty herself excels in flower paintings and her Protea with Mimosa and Arum Lilies are excellent studies, though May Elliott's Rose and Lily of the Valley are running them close. (
  • Garden centres have a huge choice these days, but make sure you've got a couple of the wonderfully delicate water violets and statuesque arum lilies and irises. (
  • JEWELLERY: Set of real pearls and matching earrings, in ivory FLOWERS: Plain cream roses and arum lilies CAKE: Three wedding cakes - a marble sponge cake covered in cream icing with cream roses on it, an African safari cake and a three-tiered cake at the reception decorated with cream gerberas. (
  • THIS week's online offer consists of five Arum Lilies (Callas) for only pounds 4. (
  • The large, snapshot-style, colour prints depict manufactured scenes including a jungle shack sponsored by Coca Cola, dying arum lilies , butterflies flitting around plastic pollen trays underneath fake plants and a forlorn peacock dragging its tired tail feathers along rough concrete. (
  • After all, it was Arum who helped De La Hoya make more money than he could ever have imagined coming out of the 1992 Olympic Games. (
  • Dana White pulled a page out of the Bob Arum playbook and did the media rounds in Los Angeles on Monday despite not having a local fight to promote. (
  • Whether you have an hour or a full day, it's always the right amount of time to relax and rejuvenate at Arum. (
  • And since De La Hoya left Arum a second time in late 2004 and took Hopkins, who was briefly promoted by Arum, with him, Arum has been fuming. (
  • King and Arum held a news conference in Atlantic City, N.J., on Saturday, only hours before Hasim Rahman and James ``Lights Out'' Toney fought to a draw in a heavyweight title fight there promoted by Arum. (
  • We put aside everything,'' said King, who engaged Arum in a back- and-forth answer session that was moderated by HBO analyst Jim Lampley. (
  • Your space is filled with intoxicating arum aromas and then your body treatment begins. (
  • Your journey begins with our exclusive arum relaxation ritual that induces a deep state of calm. (
  • MANILA, Philippines - Boxing promoter Bob Arum is due to hold a discussion with Mexico's Juan Manuel Marquez regarding the supposed fifth fight with Manny Pacquiao. (
  • We have to figure what the deal is," Arum said, referring to Marquez's "reluctance" to fight Pacquiao again. (
  • But Arum believes the statements mentioning Rios are baiting Pacquiao to chase Marquez. (
  • Meanwhile, Arum said Pacquiao-Marquez V could still be staged in the US despite the huge taxes being imposed by the Internal Revenue Service. (
  • Manny Pacquiao stressed that he cherished what Bob Arum and other persons who work for Arum s Top Rank Inc., did for him all throughout his distinguished boxing career. (
  • We don t have a problem with Bob Arum, Pacquiao said. (
  • Sumber Arum Abadi authorized Distributor of the complete line of food safety diagnostic product manufactured by NEOGEN CORPORATION, LANSING MI, USA COMPANY di Indonesia. (
  • Sumber Arum Abadi Distributor resmi indonesia stomacher 80, stomacher 400 circulator, stomacher 3500, stomacher bags, stomacher accessories made in Seward UK Inggris Kualitas terjamin untuk standard laboratorium di Indonesia. (
  • Sumber Arum Abadi Adalah Distributor Atau Subdistributor Resmi Di Indonesia Produk Ridacount Rapid Test For Microbiology. (
  • Frequently called "arum lilies", they are not closely related to the true lilies Lilium. (
  • Arum Lilies hold a special place in the harmonising of physical relationships. (
  • Garden centres have a huge choice these days, but make sure you've got a couple of the wonderfully delicate water violets and statuesque arum lilies and irises. (
  • JEWELLERY: Set of real pearls and matching earrings, in ivory FLOWERS: Plain cream roses and arum lilies CAKE: Three wedding cakes - a marble sponge cake covered in cream icing with cream roses on it, an African safari cake and a three-tiered cake at the reception decorated with cream gerberas. (
  • THIS week's online offer consists of five Arum Lilies (Callas) for only pounds 4. (
  • The large, snapshot-style, colour prints depict manufactured scenes including a jungle shack sponsored by Coca Cola, dying arum lilies , butterflies flitting around plastic pollen trays underneath fake plants and a forlorn peacock dragging its tired tail feathers along rough concrete. (
  • Also known 'Stink Lilies' these carnivorous Dragon Arums use their putrid fragrance to attract inse cts to eat. (
  • Arum cornutum) Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). (
  • The long-awaited purple bloom of Cornell's corpse plant, also known as titan arum (Amorphophallus titanum), appeared March 18, 2012 and lasted less than 48 hours. (
  • Native to the rainforests of Sumatra, Indonesia, Amorphophallus titanum , commonly called the titan arum, has the largest unbranched flowering structure of any plant. (
  • Arum conophalloides (A. conophalloides) is a wild edible delicate plant, widely used in traditional medicine. (
  • Though severe ivy arum poisoning in cats is unlikely due to its immediate painful effects that deter cats from ingesting a substantial amount of plant material, you should take your cat to the vet immediately if you believe it has consumed any part of the ivy arum plant in any quantity. (
  • The cause of ivy arum poisoning in cats is ingesting or chewing the leaves of the plant. (
  • If the ivy arum is a house plant, take a sample of it with you when you go. (
  • If the ivy arum is a house or garden plant, removing it can reduce the risk of poisoning. (
  • Just arriving at Villa Arum, and experiencing the fabulous panoramic views of Chryshocou Bay and Latchi Harbour, together with the ambience and quality of this amazing villa will without doubt put you in the mood to enjoy a holiday of a lifetime. (
  • Titan arum is indigenous to Sumatra and Java, so you know what to look out for if you smell rotting flesh while trekking through the rainforests of Indonesia . (
  • Family members told The Associated Press on Wednesday that rangers had found his campsite, but there were indications that John Arum had not been there since Saturday. (
  • Family members said that John Arum had 18 peaks remaining to reach his goal of climbing the 100 highest in Washington State. (
  • Symptoms of ivy arum poisoning are typically immediate onset, usually appearing within the first two hours, and will be very painful for your cat. (
  • Bob Arum and Don King have been the two best boxing promoters over the past 40 years. (
  • Nearly two dozen mountaineers and park rangers are searching for the son of Hall of Fame boxing promoter Bob Arum , who's been missing since a weekend camping trip in the Cascade Mountains of Washington state. (
  • This is the most likely option, as even Top Rank CEO Bob Arum mentioned it himself in a report from Boxing Scene, saying that getting the two to face off would make for a really good fight. (