Artocarpus: A plant genus of the family MORACEAE. Puag-haad extract, from A. lakoocha, contains STILBENES and related 4-substituted RESORCINOLS.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.Moraceae: The mulberry plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have milky latex and small, petalless male or female flowers.Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Mannose-Binding Lectins: A subclass of lectins that are specific for CARBOHYDRATES that contain MANNOSE.Eleocharis: A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Borneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Inflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.PakistanSagittaria: A plant genus of the family ALISMATACEAE that grows in salty marshes and is used for phytoremediation of oil spills. The unisexual flowers have 3 sepals and 3 petals. Members contain trifoliones (DITERPENES).Glycoproteins: Conjugated protein-carbohydrate compounds including mucins, mucoid, and amyloid glycoproteins.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Accounts Payable and Receivable: Short-term debt obligations and assets occurring in the regular course of operational transactions.ArchivesPiperaceae: A family of flowering plants in the order Piperales best known for the black pepper widely used in SPICES, and for KAVA and Betel used for neuroactive properties.Rutaceae: A plant family in the order Sapindales that grows in warmer regions and has conspicuous flowers.Ricinus: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. The seed of Ricinus communis L. is the CASTOR BEAN which is the source of CASTOR OIL; RICIN; and other lectins.Carbon Sequestration: Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.Eucalyptus: A genus of trees of the Myrtaceae family, native to Australia, that yields gums, oils, and resins which are used as flavoring agents, astringents, and aromatics.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Petunia: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.Papaveraceae: The poppy plant family of the order Papaverales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. These have bisexual, regular, cup-shaped flowers with one superior pistil and many stamens; 2 or 3 conspicuous, separate sepals and a number of separate petals. The fruit is a capsule. Leaves are usually deeply cut or divided into leaflets.Ferritins: Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.Horseradish Peroxidase: An enzyme isolated from horseradish which is able to act as an antigen. It is frequently used as a histochemical tracer for light and electron microscopy. Its antigenicity has permitted its use as a combined antigen and marker in experimental immunology.ABO Blood-Group System: The major human blood type system which depends on the presence or absence of two antigens A and B. Type O occurs when neither A nor B is present and AB when both are present. A and B are genetic factors that determine the presence of enzymes for the synthesis of certain glycoproteins mainly in the red cell membrane.Galactose: An aldohexose that occurs naturally in the D-form in lactose, cerebrosides, gangliosides, and mucoproteins. Deficiency of galactosyl-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALACTOSE-1-PHOSPHATE URIDYL-TRANSFERASE DEFICIENCY DISEASE) causes an error in galactose metabolism called GALACTOSEMIA, resulting in elevations of galactose in the blood.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Vanuatu: A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Port-Vila. It was called New Hebrides until 1980. It was discovered in 1606 by the Portuguese, forgotten for 160 years, then visited by Bougainville in 1768 and Captain Cook in 1774. It was under joint British and French administration from 1906 until it became independent in 1980 under the name of Vanuatu. The name is native, meaning our land. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p833 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p570)Fiji: A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Suva. It was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1643 and was visited by Captain Cook in 1774. It was used by escaped convicts from Australia as early as 1804. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1874 but achieved independence in 1970. The name Fiji is of uncertain origin. In its present form it may represent that of Viti, the main island in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p396 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p186)Chalcones: Compounds based on CHALCONE. They are important intermediates in the formation of FLAVONOIDS.Ziziphus: A plant genus of the family RHAMNACEAE. Members contain nummularogenin (a spirostane) and is the source of an edible fruit.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.LaosLonicera: A plant genus of the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. Members contain iridoid glucosides.VietnamRhamnaceae: The buckthorn plant family, of the order Rhamnales, includes some species with edible fruits and some that are medicinal.Artemia: A genus of CRUSTACEA of the order ANOSTRACA, found in briny pools and lakes and often cultured for fish food. It has 168 chromosomes and differs from most crustaceans in that its blood contains hemoglobin.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Butylated Hydroxytoluene: A di-tert-butyl PHENOL with antioxidant properties.Carbon Tetrachloride: A solvent for oils, fats, lacquers, varnishes, rubber waxes, and resins, and a starting material in the manufacturing of organic compounds. Poisoning by inhalation, ingestion or skin absorption is possible and may be fatal. (Merck Index, 11th ed)

Carbohydrate recognition factors of a Talpha (Galbeta1-->3GalNAcalpha1-->Ser/Thr) and Tn (GalNAcalpha1-->Ser/Thr) specific lectin isolated from the seeds of Artocarpus lakoocha. (1/34)

Artocarpus lakoocha agglutinin (ALA), isolated from the seeds of A. lakoocha fruit, is a galactose-binding lectin and a potent mitogen of T and B cells. Knowledge obtained from previous studies on the affinity of ALA was limited to molecular and submolecular levels of Galbeta1-->3GalNAc (T) and its derivatives. In the present study, the carbohydrate specificity of ALA was characterized at the macromolecular level according to the mammalian Gal/GalNAc structural units and corresponding glycoconjugates by an enzyme-linked lectinosorbent (ELLSA) and inhibition assays. The results indicate that ALA binds specifically to tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens GalNAcalpha1-->Ser/Thr (Tn) and Galbeta1-->3 GalNAcalpha1-->Ser/Thr (Talpha). It barely cross-reacts with other common glycotopes on glycoproteins, including ABH blood group antigens, Galbeta1-->3/4GlcNAc (I/II) determinants, T/Tn covered by sialic acids, and N-linked plasma glycoproteins. Dense clustering structure of Tn/Talpha-containing glycoproteins tested resulted in 2.4 x 10(5)-6.7 x 10(5)-fold higher affinities to ALA than the respective GalNAc and Gal monomer. According to our results, the overall affinity of ALA for glycans can be ranked respectively: polyvalent Tn/Talpha glycotopes >> monomeric Talpha and simple clustered Tn >> monomeric Tn > GalNAc > Gal; while other glycotopes: Galalpha1-->3/4Gal (B/E), Galbeta1-->3/4GlcNAc (I/II), GalNAcalpha1-->3Gal/GalNAc (A/F), and GalNAcbeta1-->3/4Gal (P/S) were inactive. The strong specificity of ALA for Tn/Talpha cluster suggests the importance of glycotope polyvalency during carbohydrate-receptor interactions and emphasizes its value as an anti-Tn/T lectin for analysis of glycoconjugate mixtures or transformed carbohydrates.  (+info)

cDNA cloning and functional expression of KM+, the mannose-binding lectin from Artocarpus integrifolia seeds. (2/34)

KM+, a mannose-binding lectin present in the seeds of Artocarpus integrifolia, has interesting biological properties and potential pharmaceutical use [A. Panunto-Castelo, M.A. Souza, M.C. Roque-Barreira, J.S. Silva, KM(+), a lectin from Artocarpus integrifolia, induces IL-12 p40 production by macrophages and switches from type 2 to type 1 cell-mediated immunity against Leishmania major antigens, resulting in BALB/c mice resistance to infection, Glycobiology 11 (2001) 1035-1042. ; L.L.P. daSilva, A. Panunto-Castelo, M.H.S. Goldman, M.C. Roque-Barreira, R.S. Oliveira, M.D. Baruffi, J.B. Molfetta-Machado, Composition for preventing or treating appearance of epithelia wounds such as skin and corneal wounds or for immunomodulating, comprises lectin, Patent number WO20041008.]. Here, we have isolated clones encoding the full-length KM+ primary sequence from a cDNA library, through matrix PCR-based screening methodology. Analysis of KM+ nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences provided strong evidence that it neither enters the secretory pathway nor undergoes post-translational modifications, which is in sharp contrast with jacalin, the more abundant lectin from A. integrifolia seeds. Current investigations into the KM+ properties are often impaired by the difficulty in obtaining sufficient quantities of jacalin-free KM+ through direct seed extraction. To obtain active recombinant protein (rKM+) in larger amounts, we tested three different expression systems. Expression vectors were constructed to produce: (a) rKM+ in E. coli in its native form, (b) rKM+ with GST as an N-terminal tag and (c) native rKM+ in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The presence of the GST-tag significantly improved the overall rKM+ yield; however, most of the obtained rGST-KM+ was insoluble. Production of rKM+ in the yeast host yielded the highest quantities of soluble lectin that retained the typical high-mannose oligosaccharide-binding properties of the natural protein. The possible biotechnological applications of recombinant KM+ are discussed.  (+info)

Structural characterization of novel chitin-binding lectins from the genus Artocarpus and their antifungal activity. (3/34)

Two novel chitin-binding lectins from seeds of Artocarpus genus were described in this paper, one from A. integrifolia (jackfruit) and one from A. incisa (breadfruit). They were purified from saline crude extract of seeds using affinity chromatography on chitin column, size-exclusion chromatography and reverse-phase chromatography on the C-18 column. Both are 14 kDa proteins, made up of 3 chains linked by disulfide bonds. The partial amino acid sequences of the two lectins showed they are homologous to each other but not to other plant chitin-binding proteins. Thus, they cannot be classified in any known plant chitin-binding protein family, particularly because of their inter-chain covalent bonds. Their circular dichroism spectra and deconvolution showed a secondary structure content of beta-sheet and unordered elements. The lectins were thermally stable until 80 degrees C and structural changes were observed below pH 6. Both lectins inhibited the growth of Fusarium moniliforme and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and presented hemagglutination activity against human and rabbit erythrocytes. These lectins were denoted jackin (from jackfruit) and frutackin (from breadfruit).  (+info)

Jacalin and peanut agglutinin (PNA) bindings in the taste bud cells of the rat: new reliable markers for type IV cells of the rat taste buds. (4/34)

Lectin histochemistry of Jacalin (Artocarpus integrifolia) and peanut agglutinin (PNA), specific lectins for galactosyl (beta-1, 3) N-acetylgalactosamine (galactosyl (beta-1, 3) GalNAc), was applied to the gustatory epithelium of the adult rat. In the ordinary lingual epithelium, Jacalin and PNA labeled the cell membrane from the basal to granular cell layer. They also bound membranes of rounded-cells at the basal portion of taste buds, but the number of PNA labeled cells was smaller than that of Jacalin labeled cells. There was no apparent difference in the binding patterns of Jacalin and PNA among the taste buds of the lingual papillae and those of the palatal epithelium. Occasionally, a few spindle-shaped cells were labeled with Jacalin, but not with PNA. Double labeling of Jacalin and alpha-gustducin, a specific marker for type II cells, revealed that Jacalin-labeled spindle-shaped taste cells were immunonegative for alpha-gustducin. Spindle-shaped cells expressing protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) immunoreactivity lacked Jacalin labeling. During the development of taste buds in circumvallate papillae, the binding pattern of Jacalin became almost identical from postnatal day 5. The present results indicate that rounded cells at the basal portion of the taste buds cells (type IV cells) bind to Jacalin and PNA, and these lectins are specific markers for type IV cells of the rat taste cells.  (+info)

Cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of prenylflavonoid artonin B in human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. (5/34)

AIM: To investigate the anticancer effects and molecular mechanism of artonin B on the human acute lymphoblastic leukemia CCRF-CEM cells compared with other prenylflavonoid compounds. METHODS: The effects of four prenylflavonoids on the growth of CCRF-CEM and HaCa cells were studied by 3-(4,5)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Apoptosis were detected through Hoechst 33258 staining. The effect of artonin B on the cell cycle of CCRF-CEM cells were studied by propidium iodide method. The change in mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by rohdamine 123 staining. The cytochrome c release and caspase 3 activity were checked by immunoassay kits, respectively. The expression of Bcl-2 family proteins was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Our data revealed that artonin B strongly induced human CCRF-CEM leukemia cell death in a dose- and time-dependent manner by MTT assay, but not on normal epithelia cells (HaCa cells). Artonin B-induced cell death was considered to be apoptotic by observing the typical apoptotic morphological change by Hoechst 33258 staining. The induction of human CCRF-CEM leukemia cancer cell death was caused by an induction of apoptosis through mitochondrial membrane potential change, cytochrome c release, sub-G1 proportion increase, downregulation of Bcl-2 expression, upregulation of Bax and Bak expression and activation of caspase 3 pathways. CONCLUSION: These results clearly demonstrated that artonin B is able to inhibit proliferation by induction of hypoploid cells and cell apoptosis. Moreover, the anticancer effects of artonin B were related to mitochondrial pathway and caspase 3 activation in human CCRF-CEM leukemia cells.  (+info)

Inhibitory effect of artocarpanone from Artocarpus heterophyllus on melanin biosynthesis. (6/34)

In our previous efforts to find new tyrosinase inhibitory materials, we investigated 44 Indonesian medicinal plants belonging to 24 families. Among those plants, the extract of Artocarpus heterophyllus was one of the strongest inhibitors of tyrosinase activity. By activity-guided fractionation of A. heterophyllus wood extract, we isolated artocarpanone, which inhibited both mushroom tyrosinase activity and melanin production in B16 melanoma cells. This compound is a strong candidate as a remedy for hyperpigmentation in human skin.  (+info)

Bioactive constituents of the root bark of Artocarpus rigidus subsp. rigidus. (7/34)

Investigation of the chemical constituents of the root bark of Artocarpus rigidus BLUME subsp. rigidus has led to the isolation of six, structurally diverse phenolic compounds. These included two new compounds with modified skeletons, the flavonoid 7-demethylartonol E (1) and the chromone artorigidusin (2), together with four known phenolic compounds, the xanthone artonol B (3), the flavonoid artonin F (4), the flavonoid cycloartobiloxanthone (5), and the xanthone artoindonesianin C (6). Compounds 1, 4, and 5 exhibited antiplasmodial activity against Plasmodium falciparum. All compounds showed antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, with 4 being the most active compound (MIC 6.25 microg/ml). Compounds 5 and 6 were active against KB cells, whereas 2, 5, and 6 showed varying toxicity to BC cells. Compounds 1-3, 5, and 6 were active in the NCI-H187 cytotoxicity assay, with 3 being the most active compound (IC(50) 1.26 microg/ml).  (+info)

Therapeutic administration of KM+ lectin protects mice against Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection via interleukin-12 production in a toll-like receptor 2-dependent mechanism. (8/34)

 (+info)

4-Prenyloxyresveratrol, rbol de pan (Spanish), arbre pain (French), artocarbene, artocarpesin, artocarpin, artocarpine, Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus camansi, Artocarpus communis, Artocarpus communis Moraceae, Artocarpus incise, Artocarpus incisus, Artocarpus mariannensis, Artocarpus tonkinensis, artochamins, artocommunols, artomunoflavanone, artomunoisoxanthone, bakri-chajhar (Hindi), beta (Vanuatu), BFL, bia (Solomon Islands), bl foutou (Benin), breadfruit lectin, broodboom (Dutch), broodvrucht (Dutch), Brotfruchtbaum (German), buco (Fiji), bulo (Solomon Islands), chlorophorin, cycloaltilisin 6 (dimeric dihydrochalcone), cycloaltilisin 7 (prenylated flavone), cycloartenol, cyclocomunomethonol, cyclomorusin, dihydroartomunoxanthone, dihydrochalcones, (+)-dihydromorin, fruit pain (French), fruta de pan (Spanish), fruta p o (Portuguese), frutackin (chitin-binding lectin), frutalin (alpha-D-galactose-binding lectin), frutapan (Caribbean), Gal beta1, GalNAc, geranyl chalcone derivatives, geranyl ...
Abstract: Artocarpus heterophyllus , a popular tropical fruit commonly known as the jackfruit tree, is normally planted in subtropical or tropical areas. Since a variety of phytochemicals isolated from A. heterophyllus have been found to possess potently anti-inflammatory, antiviral and antimalarial activities, researchers have devoted much interest to its potential pharmaceutical value. However, the exact mechanism underlying its anti-inflammatory activity is not well characterized. In this study, seven natural products isolated from A. heterophyllus, including 25-Hydroxycycloart-23-en-3-one (HY), Artocarpin (AR), Dadahol A (DA), Morachalcone A (MA), Artoheterophyllin B (AB), Cycloheterophyllin (CY) and Moracin C (MC) were collected. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammatory response in RAW264.7 macrophages were used in this study. Among these compounds, MC significantly inhibited LPS-activated reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) release without marked cytotoxicity. ...
Data & statistics on Carbon sequestration rate of Artocarpus integrifolia: Carbon sequestration rate of Artocarpus integrifolia., C Regression equation for calculating carbon from height for Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Additional data file 2. In situ hybridization data of Arabidopsis trans-NAT pairs....
[button size=small text=MSDS & Datasheet link=/wp-content/uploads/media/BCDatasheets_C_10.26/FXXXX/F-6301-2.pdf]FITC Conjugated Artocarpus integrifolia Lectin (Jackfruit) -Jacalin, AIA-, 2mg
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[button size=small text=MSDS & Datasheet link=/wp-content/uploads/media/BCDatasheets_C_10.26/AKXXXX/AK-6301-2.pdf]Artocarpus integrifolia Gel -Ja
Digitized images of microscopic slices of Artocarpus communis (S49) plant structures that were stained and permanently mounted to a glass slide ...
Digitized images of microscopic slices of Artocarpus communis (S49) plant structures that were stained and permanently mounted to a glass slide ...
Jacalin, isolated by affinity chromatography from jackfruit seeds, belongs to the family of galactose-binding lectins. Jacalin is a tetrameric two-chain lectin with a molecular weight of 66 kDa. Applications include isolating IgA from human serum, isolating human plasma glycoproteins and histochemistry. A post-translational proteolytic modification of Jacalin gives the lectin a novel carbohydrate-binding site involving the N terminus of the alpha-chain. The relative affinities of the lectin for galactose derivatives, as well as the structural basis of its T-antigen specificity, are explained by its protein structure. Artocarpus integrifolia lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder, essentially salt-free. For laboratory use only.
Five prenylflavonoids and two prenylchalcones from Artocarpus lowii King, A. scortechinii King and A. teysmanii Miq., and acetylated derivatives of cycloheterophyllin and artonin E were investigated for their ability to inhibit arachidonic acid (AA), collagen and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation in human whole blood by using an electrical impedance method. Among the tested compounds, only cycloheterophyllin inhibited AA-induced platelet aggregation with an IC50 value of 100.9 lM. It also showed strong inhibition against ADP-induced aggregation, with an IC50 value of 57.1 lM. Isobavachalcone, 20,40-dihydroxy-4-methoxy-30-prenyldihydrochalcone, cycloartobiloxanthone, artonin E and artonin E triacetate showed selective inhibition against ADP-induced aggregation, with IC50 values ranging from 55.3 to 192.0 lM, but did not show such effect against other inducers. ...
ABSTRACT. Mixture of three compounds lupeol acetate (1), alpha amyrin acetate(2) and beta amyrin acetate(3) were isolated from the methanolic extract of the stem bark of Artocarpus lackoocha Roxb.(Family: Moraceae).The crude methanol extract as well as its petroleum ether, carbon tetrachloride; chloroform and aqueous soluble Kupchan fractions were studied for antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities. Among the different fractions tested for antioxidant activity, the aqueous soluble partitionate was the most potent with IC50 value of 3.47μg/ml as compared to tertbutyl-1-hydroxytoluene (IC50=27.54μg/ml). Antimicrobial screening of the different extractives was conducted by the disc diffusion method and the crude methanol extract as well as aqueous soluble fractions exhibited moderate antimicrobial activity with zone of inhibition ranging from 7-12 mm. In brine shrimp lethality bioassay, the aqueous soluble materials demonstrated the highest toxicity with LC50 of 1.6μg/ml. β-amyrin ...
3. Artocarpus J.R. & G. Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. 101. t. 51. 1776. (nom. Cons.); Beath. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 3: 376.1880; Hook.f., Fl. Bid. Ind. 5:539. 1888; Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2:168. 1967; Corner in Dass. & Fosb., Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon. 3:215.1981. ABDUL GHAFOOR Unarmed, monoecious evergreen trees with milky, sticky thick latex. Leaves petiolate, alternate, large, simple, entire or pinnatifid, rarely pinnate compound; stipules lateral, amplexicaule, deciduous leaving annular scars. Male inflorescence a pseudocatkin, pedunculate, solitary or paired in leaf axils, globose, oblong or club-shaped, smooth. Male flowers: calyx 24-lobed or partite, lobes imbricate; stamen single, filament erect, anther included or exerted; pistillode absent. Female inflorescence cauliflorous, stout peduncled, solitary axillary, globose or oblong, prickly, scaly, warty or chequered. Female flowers: calyx tubular, basally thin, sunken in the inflorescence axis, 34-toothed and thick round the style, enlarged in fruit; ...
If we want to plant a Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) tree we sow a seed of a Jackfruit, because Jackfruit tree originates from Jackfruit seed. in this way we get Jaam (black berry) tree from a Jaam seed, Coconut tree from Coconut, Jute plants from Jute seeds, paddy plant from paddy seed. Again some time we can
If you have ever seen a jackfruit, you will know that it is a massive fruit. Usually found at specialty or Asian grocery stores, jackfruits are the largest tree-borne fruits in the world. Each jackfruit can weight between 6-40 pounds. Some people get jackfruit and durian mixed up, but the jackfruit is much more palatable and grows much bigger. It has also been known to be a powerful cancer killer.. The jackfruit has lots of seeds inside, but the fruit is mainly composed of healthy starch and protein. In addition to being rich in healthy flavonoids, jackfruit has plenty of vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant that nourishes cells in the body. Each bulb of the fruit, which is made of sweet yellow flesh, is replete with a group of B-complex vitamins.. How Does Jackfruit Kill Cancer Cells?. As mentioned in the paragraph above, jackfruit contains a lot essential nutrients that benefit the entire body. Additionally, jackfruit has saponins, isoflavones, and lignans, which are phytonutrients that ...
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شجرة جاك فروتArtocarpus heterophyllusهي إحدى أشجار الفاكهة الاستوائية، وهي من نباتات العائلة التوتية Fam Moraceae، وللشجرة اسماءٌ مختلفة تبعا لمناطق زراعتها مثل: جاك فروت، الكاكايا، الجاكيه، الجاكا أو الجاكويرا.وهي أحد الفواكه الاستوائية اللذيذة ذات الطعم الحلو المذاق، والثمارُ لها نكهة مميزة، عبارةعن خليط من المانجو والأناناس والموز، وتعتبر أكبر ثمرة فاكهة في العالم، حيث يصل متوسط وزن الثمرة الواحدة إلى 3.5 كجم تقريبا، وطولها حوالي 90 سم، وقُطرُها حوالي ½ مترا تقريبا، وقد تصل الثمار إلى 25 كجم في مناطقِها الأصلية. :الموطن الأصلي منطقة جنوب، وجنوب شرق آسيا،هى ...
شجرة جاك فروتArtocarpus heterophyllusهي إحدى أشجار الفاكهة الاستوائية، وهي من نباتات العائلة التوتية Fam Moraceae، وللشجرة اسماءٌ مختلفة تبعا لمناطق زراعتها مثل: جاك فروت، الكاكايا، الجاكيه، الجاكا أو الجاكويرا.وهي أحد الفواكه الاستوائية اللذيذة ذات الطعم الحلو المذاق، والثمارُ لها نكهة مميزة، عبارةعن خليط من المانجو والأناناس والموز، وتعتبر أكبر ثمرة فاكهة في العالم، حيث يصل متوسط وزن الثمرة الواحدة إلى 3.5 كجم تقريبا، وطولها حوالي 90 سم، وقُطرُها حوالي ½ مترا تقريبا، وقد تصل الثمار إلى 25 كجم في مناطقِها الأصلية. :الموطن الأصلي منطقة جنوب، وجنوب شرق آسيا،هى ...
Jacalin lectin (AIA) is purified by affinity chromatography and is tetrameric two-chain structure consisting of four identical protomers with an isoelectric point of pH 7.8. The lectin has specificity for blood group types O (+SA) and T. Jacalin is considered a galactose-specific lectin and elutes with galactose or mel
The fruit is very popular in its native area, and is becoming so in Queensland. The flesh can be eaten fresh or after being processed. Fritters made by dipping arils in batter and frying in oil are sold in the streets of Malaysia. The seeds can be fried, boiled or grilled and then peeled and eaten with a little salt mixture. The taste is similar to water chestnuts. The young fruit, like young jackfruit, can be used as a vegetable.[1]. The wood is of good quality, strong and durable, so it is often used as building material for home furnishings or boats. The fibrous bark can be used to make ropes. Yellow dye can also be produced from the wood.[1]. In Borneo, the skin of the cempedak (or tiwadak in Banjarese) can be processed into food called mandai or as some[who?] call it, dami. Mandai is made by peeling the fruit until it looks white, then soaking it in brine to preserve and soften the texture. The fruit may be soaked for a few hours or even up to a month. Mandai is usually consumed by frying ...
Jackfruit is an aromatic, fleshy fruit celebrated for its delicious taste. But many people who enjoy eating jackfruit do so finally unaware of its many health benefits. Jackfruit is a tree species belong to the mulberry family. Jackfruit is very sweet and tasty, while the jackfruit is opened, you will find the bright yellow pods (when ripe) which can be eaten raw or cooked. When immature its flesh is green, and it can be made into a delicious vegetable dish. Jackfruit has a lot of health benefits ...
Sahul Hameed, S. (2008) Development of fruit and vegetable juice blends for quality evaluation. [Student Project Report] Sai Annapurna, S. and Ramadoss, C. S. and Siva Prasad, D. (1991) Characterisation of a Trypsin/Chymotrypsin Inhibitor from Jack Fruit (Artocarpus integrifolia) Seeds. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 54. pp. 605-618. Salman, Subiki C. (2009) Response of Cashew Apple (Anacardium Occidentale L.) to the Surface Coatings with Calcium Salts under Low Temperature Storage Conditions. [Student Project Report] Salome Chamzin, Chamgha (2011) Utilization of wastermelon rind in the preparation of candy and pickle. Masters thesis, University of Mysore. Salome Chamzin, Chamgha (2010) Salt and sugar preservation in processing of fruits and vegetables. Masters thesis, University of Mysore. Samarth Vidyadhar, Dangre (2015) Applications of Ozone in Preservation of Fruits and Vegetables. Masters thesis, University of Mysuru. Sandhya, Hegde (2009) Protease Activity during Storage ...
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The evergreen, branching cempedak tree can grow up to 20 m with wild trees often taller and having many more seeds in their fruit. Their smooth bark becomes thick and rough as they age. The leaves are dull to medium green and have long brown wiry hair on the surface. The fruits are seasonal and either barrel-shaped or pear-shaped. When cut, the fruit secretes sticky latex which can only be cleaned off with vegetable oil rather than with water. The outer rind consists of fleshy spines, although the fruit can still easily be opened with ones hands. In each fruit are about 100 to 500 seeds, and it is the fragrant, yellow edible flesh surrounding each seed, which the fruit is sought for ...
The heartwood is yellow-brown to orange-red, darkinging to golden brown; it is clearly demarcated from the 5 - 7cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is coarse; the grain straight or interlocked; there is a lustrous, ribbon-like aspect. The wood is fairly heavy, fairly hard, durable, being moderately resistant to fungi and resistant to termites and dry wood borers. It seasons somewhat slowly with a high risk of distortion and a slight risk of checking; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. It has a fairly high blunting effect upon tools, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide are recommended; the surface is fibrous and filling is recommended; it takes screws and nails poorly; glues correctly. The wood is used for furniture, house building, turnery, light carpentry, interior joinery and panelling, boxes and crates, boats etc ...
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Background: Champedak galactose-binding (CGB) lectin is a tetrameric protein with noncovalently bound monomers, isolated from Artocarpus integer fruit seeds. We had previously reported existence of a structured monomer and an unfolded monomer of CGB lectin at pH 2.5 and pH 1.5, respectively. Polyols are known to induce significant refolding in denatured proteins and stabilize proteins against environmental stresses. Studies on the effect of various polyols on the acid-denatured states of CGB lectin are lacking. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of four different polyols, namely, ethylene glycol, erythritol, xylitol and sorbitol on the acid-denatured states of CGB lectin. Methods: CGB lectin was subjected to acid denaturation at pH 2.5 and pH 1.5, both in the absence and presence of 30% (w/v) polyols, i.e. ethylene glycol, erythritol, xylitol and sorbitol. Thermal denaturation of the acid-denatured states was also studied in the absence and presence of these ...
Artocarpin, a tetrameric lectin of molecular mass 65 kDa, is one of the two lectins extracted from the seeds of jackfruit. The structures of the complexes of artocarpin with mannotriose and mannopentose reported here, together with the structures of artocarpin and its complex with Me-amannose reported earlier, show that the lectin possesses a deep-seated binding site formed by three loops. The binding site can be considered as composed of two subsites; the primary site and the secondary site. Interactions at the primary site composed of two of the loops involve mainl hydrogen bonds, while those at the secondary site comprising the third loop are primarily van der Waals in nature. Mannotriose in its complex with the lectin interacts through all the three manno pyranosyl residues; mannopentose interacts with the protein using at least three of the five mannose residues. The complexes provide a structural explanation for the carbohydrate specificities of artocarpin. A detailed comparison with the ...
Artonin I, a flavonoid obtained from Morus mesozygia Stapf., inhibited the bacterial efflux pump and induced depolarization of the cell membrane. To study the dose-dependent production of reactive oxygen species in MDR cells by artonin I, lucigenin chemiluminescence assay was employed. Reversal of multidrug resistance by artonin I, in combination with antibiotics, was measured by a fractional inhibitory concentration index assay. The effect of artonin I on ultrastructural features was studied by microscopy. Artonin I increased the penetration of ethidium bromide by blocking the efflux mechanism. It also helped anionic probe DiBAC4 (3) to bind with the lipid-rich cellular components by causing depolarization of the cell membrane. Artonin I reversed multidrug resistance and increased the susceptibility of existing antibiotics by lowering their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs). ...
Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (Galbeta1-3GalNAc), generally known as T-antigen, is expressed in more than 85% of human carcinomas. Therefore, proteins which specifically bind T-antigen have potential diagnostic value. Jacalin, a lectin from jack fruit (Artocarpus integrifolia ) seeds, is a tetramer of molecular mass 66 kDa. It is one of the very few proteins which are known to bind T-antigen. The crystal structure of the jacalin-T-antigen complex has been determined at 1.62 A° resolution. The interactions of the disaccharide at the binding site are predominantly through the GalNAc moiety, with Gal interacting only through water molecules. They include a hydrogen bond between the anomeric oxygen of GalNAc and the pie electrons of an aromatic side-chain. Several intermolecular interactions involving the bound carbohydrate contribute to the stability of the crystal structure. The present structure, along with that of the Me-alpha-Gal complex, provides a reasonable qualitative explanation for the ...
My Trip to Jamaica and JackFruit Tree. Recently I have visited Jamaica and I had a chance to go on amazing Sun Valley Working Plantation Eco Tour. This plantations has been around for over 250 years and now is owned by Nolly and Lorna Binns with verity of hundred of exotic fruits, plans and spices like vanilla beans, nutmeg, coconut trees and banana trees. I was able to sample variety of fruits straight from a tree ( like raw cacao beans, so yummy or bread fruit ) and I have learned about the therapeutic and medicinal properties of trees, herbs and spices that I have seen there. If you ever in Jamaica you should go to the Sun Valley Plantation. Telephone (876)771-2517 Daily Tours starts at 9:00am. My favorite was to see and eat Jackfruit. Jackfruit is the biggest fruit in the world and the skin looks like a skin of a dinosaur. First time I have tried Jack fruit was when I went to Thailand 6 years ago and it was a love from the first sight. I was so happy to go to the plantation and see the real ...
Jackfruit is a popular fruit in India though it is not abundantly available in all parts of India. Jackfruit is widely grown in Kerala. You can find Jackfruit trees in almost all parts of Kerala. As it is abundantly found in Kerala people do not...
The title compound, Artonol B, C24H20O7, isolated from the stem bark of Artocarpus kemando, consists of four six-membered rings and one five-membered ring. The tricyclic xanthone ring system is almost planar [maximum deviation 0.115 (5) Å], whereas the pyran-oid ring is in a distorted boat conformation·The furan ring is almost coplanar with the fused aromatic ring, making a dihedral angle of 3.76 (9)°. The phenol ring serves as a intra-molecular hydrogen-bond donor to the adjacent carbonyl group and also acts as an inter-molecular hydrogen-bond acceptor for the methyl groups of adjacent mol-ecules, forming a three-dimensional network in the crystal. ...
Discussion forum; Mailorder Flower Bulbs; Marang - Artocarpus odoratissimus; Marlberry - Ardisia escallonioides; Marrow - Cucurbita pepo; Maui Wormwood
As reported by The National Cancer Institute, over 1.17 million Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer annually. Yet, studies have shown that this amazing fruit can successfully treat this severe disease and boost your immune system.. Jackfruit is rich in several phytonutrients including isoflavones, lignans, and saponins which have powerful anti-cancer properties. These nutrients will fight free radicals in the body and have the ability to prevent cancer and other diseases.. How jackfruit kills cancer?. Lignans have anti-estrogenic effects in reproductive tissues that can be beneficial in preventing the hormone-associated cancers of the breast, uterus, ovary, and prostate.. Isoflavones are also proven to reduce the risk of endometrial, prostate, and breast cancers.. Saponins kill cancer cells by directly binding to cells as well as boosting white blood cell activity and preventing cell differentiation and proliferation.. Lectins found in the fruits pulp have the ability to reduce the ...
Colon cancer is one of the most dangerous and hard to cure cancers that also create additional complications. According to N. Cancer Institute, more than 1.16 million people suffered from this sickness in the USA in 2013.. Nature has again provided a cure for this deadly condition, like in many other similar cases, through the delicacy fruit named jackfruit. This fruit grows in hot tropical areas in the world and people from these parts use it to prepare many kinds of recipes.. Jackfruit is believed to be a strong cancer killer. This fruit is rich with nutrients such as isoflavones, lignans, phytonutrients and saponins that benefit the health and are able to fight cancer.. These nutrients prevent the flow of free radicals that are the main cause for cancer and other chronic sickness.. ...
122 calories for 1 serving of Bengali Style Jackfruit Cutlet, Echor Cutlet, Cholesterol 0 mg, Carbohydrates 21 g, Protein 1.6 g, Fat 6.8 g. Find how much fibre, iron, calcium, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, folic acid is present in Bengali Style Jackfruit Cutlet, Echor Cutlet
Jackfruit, a tropical fruit with a dense, chewy texture, is a blank canvas that takes on flavors well. In these vegan burrito bowls, the jackfruit is simmered in a warm and spicy chile sauce thats so good youll never know youre eating a plant-based protein instead of pork or beef.
This Underutilized Crop Jackfruit May Be Answer to Food Prayers By Denise Reynolds RD G+ 2017-03-02 16:23 [​IMG] Have you heard of jackfruit?
... - Get a bar chart of the top 10 nutrients, and click to see an expanded list of over 151 nutrients, including amino acids.
Top ⭐ 70 reasons for Jackfruit: 1. More proteins per 100g: 1.72 2. Less cholesterol per 100g: 0 3. Smaller amount of sugars per 100g: 19.08 4. More lipids per 100g: 0.64
Medicinal advantages of jackfruit nutrition are improving glucose tolerance in both type-2 and normal diabetes patients. Nutrients present are dietary fiber and 155 calories.
Detailed nutritional values of Seeds, breadfruit seeds, raw natural. Online analysis information with non-nutrients and nutrients composition facts table for item No. 12001 found in category Nut and Seed Products. Data contents chart for nutritionists. Food details for BREADFRUIT SEEDS,RAW in different kinds of quantities, amounts or measurements.
4AKD: Structures and Binding Specificity of Galactose- and Mannose-Binding Lectins from Champedak: Differences from Jackfruit Lectins
4AKB: Structures and Binding Specificity of Galactose- and Mannose-Binding Lectins from Champedak: Differences from Jackfruit Lectins
Before "Goats and Soda" was born, I wrote a story for our sister blog, "The Salt" about the worlds largest tree fruit. The jackfruit can grow as big as 100 pounds. Its a good source of protein, potassium, vitamin B and fiber. Plus: Its easy to grow in tropical climes. There was even a symposium devoted to revving up production and marketing. So hows that going? I knew it was time to do a follow-up story on jackfruit when I went shopping in Trader Joes and saw 20-ounce cans of "Trader Joes Green Jackfruit In Brine." For only $1.99! ...
How much of Proline, Pro or P, α-amino acid is present in Seeds, breadfruit seeds, boiled in details, quantity how high or low Proline, Pro or P, α-amino acid nutrient content it has.
25 top benefits of breadfruit for health and beauty to reduce the risks of cancer and diabetes, regeneration cells, promote healthier skin and hair.
A rich source of protein, breadfruit is a tropical super food. Not to be confused with jackfruits, these large greenorbs taste like potatoes when raw and are sweet and luscious when ripe. A traditional staple in Hawaii and Jamaica, breadfruit is sometimes called the tree potato, for its potato-like consistency when cooked. Radha Prathi gives a southern twist to this tropical produce, which is a powerhouse of vitamins, minerals and amino acids
E. coli BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RP transformants were inoculated in 5 mL of Luria-Bertani (LB) medium supplemented with kanamycin 50 μg/mL and cultivated overnight at 37°C. This pre-culture was used to inoculate (1:100) a 100 mL LB medium containing kanamycin, which was cultivated at 37°C until reaching a DO600nm of 0.5-0.6. Then, an aliquot of 10 mL was collected (T0) and IPTG was added. To optimize ArtinM expression, IPTG was tested at different final concentrations (0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0 mM). After the addition of IPTG, each culture was incubated at different temperatures (20, 25, 30 or 37°C), under different shaking speeds (130, 200 or 220 rpm), for different incubation periods (1, 2, 4, 8, 16 and 19 hours). Aliquots (10 mL) were collected at these specific time points to evaluated rArtinM expression. Cells were pelleted by centrifugation at 5,000 × g at 4°C for 5 min, the culture medium was discarded and cells ressuspended in lysis buffer (10 mM ...
Devil Fruit Name: Rokku Rokku no Mi Translation: Lock Lock Fruit Appearance of the Fruit: The fruit itself looks like a puny jackfruit about three times as sma
One of your folks, members of the family, or work colleagues could possibly be a sociopath, and you wont even pay attention to it. That is because sociopaths will be very charming, which makes them arduous to spot. Even the neatest among us may be duped by a one of these individuals. Sturdily constructed my uncle used to eat a complete jackfruit and find yourself consuming a seed for digestion.Another good hub. With all these therapeutic parts, this treatment will also be used to treat all the other ailments, diseases, sickness and disorders listed on this text. I have been preserving Bettas for nearly 15 years, and I have seen this medicine heal my aquatic pets. I recommend that you use it to forestall, control and deal with many sick-health conditions. You possibly can put your own stamp of uniqueness on a program through the promotions and incentives you use.. As Ive written at this blog quite a few occasions, the issue of fundamental operability is extra important towards practical use of ...
The ugly cousin of jackfruit is a perfect health keeper, that lowers blood pressure and keeps eyes healthy along with many other benefits.
Harvey just left and his effect is as lasting as jackfruit odour on the fingers of a hapless spouse. Irma, Jose and Katia, three active hurricanes in the Atlantic for the first time in a decade, give no chance to the global warming/climate naysayers...
The thwack of the machete on the jackfruit woke him up. Blinking the afternoon sleep away, Unni ran down the shiny wooden stairs, its wobbling making the underside of his feet curl in fear. He ignored the sensation and let the momentum take him to the bottom. Everyone in the house would shout "careful" when children came down them, but nobody had thought of replacing this death-trap. Its shiny steps were worn by the familys feet into slippery silk. The two beams holding it up had deep cracks, into which Uncle B stuck incense sticks, in memory of his wife, who fell and cracked her head on the last step. The teak wood bannister, carved into a snake, shook like a loose tooth. The landing was a big granite tile. If the smooth wooden steps did their job of accelerating your descent to the ground, the hard granite could finish it by killing you. Unni, jumped from the last step, cleared the granite slab and ran down to the kitchen and then out the back door to the verandah that circled the house. His ...
In February 2007, [M]artin, one of GBAtemps active members, created and managed Know Your Temps (also known as KYT) as a way for the GBAtemp community to get to know its members. The idea behind KYT was that for 2 days, one Temper would be the featured member that is being interviewed by other members. Interviewers could ask 3 questions at a time. However no one followed this rule and it was later changed to an infinite number of questions, then changed once again to a reasonable number. The KYT sessions began February 23, 2007 with [M]artins session and then ended July 18th, 2007 with -MTW-. The project had been stopped due to lack of interest in the project. KYT was brought back on January 3, 2008 by Sinkhead, and is referred to as Season 2. On August 25th 2009, Know Your Temps was brought back for a third season. This time completely managed by TrolleyDave and the very patient mods/admins who put up with his constant reports to close the threads! All people from season 2 that were ...
In February 2007, [M]artin, one of GBAtemps active members, created and managed Know Your Temps (also known as KYT) as a way for the GBAtemp community to get to know its members. The idea behind KYT was that for 2 days, one Temper would be the featured member that is being interviewed by other members. Interviewers could ask 3 questions at a time. However no one followed this rule and it was later changed to an infinite number of questions, then changed once again to a reasonable number. The KYT sessions began February 23, 2007 with [M]artins session and then ended July 18th, 2007 with -MTW-. The project had been stopped due to lack of interest in the project. KYT was brought back on January 3, 2008 by Sinkhead, and is referred to as Season 2. On August 25th 2009, Know Your Temps was brought back for a third season. This time completely managed by TrolleyDave and the very patient mods/admins who put up with his constant reports to close the threads! All people from season 2 that were ...
2: Theorie des topos : exposes V a VII / un seminaire dirige par M. Artin, A. Grothendieck, J. L. Verdier ; avec la collaboration de N. Bourbaki, P. Deligne, B. Saint-Donat ...
The Senses of Nature & Simplicity of DE BOUGAINVILLEA™ Body Lotion Like a Dream Scent is Natural Beauty Solutions™ for indulging and pampering yourself with flower scent emollient lotion. Protect the skin from harmful urban environment and improves the skins underlying structure where healthy skin begins.. Specially formulated with naturally-derived ingredients, its synergistic blend of Artocarpus Lakoocha Heartwood (Lakoocha) Extract, Momordica Cochinchinensis Fruit (Gag Fruits) Extract, Centella Asiatica Leaf (Indian Pennywort) Extract and Coccinia Grandis (Ivy Gourd) Extract provides natural multi-nutrients and properties that benefit throughout your body skin and offers powerful antioxidant and anti-aging and anti-bacterial, protection. This fast-absorbing lotion is capable to penetrate into skin tissue in order to promote collagen network & elasticity. It helps balancing, nourishing, moisturizing, rejuvenating, tautening, smoothing and softening the skin; instantly improve your skins ...
Authors. Andrew K. Gonsalves, Educational Specialist. Stephen A. Ferreira, Extension Plant Pathologist. Department of Plant Pathology, College of Tropical and Agriculture and Human Resources. University of Hawaii at Manoa. PATHOGENS & HOSTS. Over twenty-three Colletotrichum species have been reported to occur in Hawaii (Raabe, et al., 1981). The following is a list of the reported pathogens from this genus (Colletotrichum) and the hosts they infect. The list is organized by the scientific name of the pathogen species (CAPITAL LETTERS), followed by the various susceptible plant hosts. Words in blue indicate what symptom or disease a given pathogen causes on the listed hosts.. COLLETOTRICHUM ARTOCARPI. breadfruit (Artocarpus cummunis). COLLETOTRICHUM CIRCINANS. Smudge:. shallot (Allium ascalonicum). aka akai, lau, green onion (Allium fistulosum). COLLETOTRICHUM ?COCCODES. Anthracnose:. bottle gourd (Lagernaria siceraria). ?COLLETOTRICHUM CRASSIPES. Found on Leaves and Fruit:. passion fruit ...
1), Antiaris(23), Artocarpus(1), Dorstenia(39), Ficus(329), Milicia(5), Morus(28), Musanga(17), Myrianthus(10), Treculia(11), Trilepisium(11).. ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
A luxurious anti-ageing eye cream.. SeaCreation protects against premature skin ageing, promotes anti-ageing skin functions and reduces existing signs of skin ageing. The skin appears firmer, smoother and youthfully fresh.. The source of true beauty lies in the depths of the seas. The BABOR laboratories have some a step closer to this centuries-old secret. The trio of the intelligent active anti-wrinkle ingredient MicroAlgae AP, combined with the effective anti-ageing protein Glycocéane GP3 and the energizing micro-organism BABOR thermophilus, makes SeaCreation THE EYE CREAM a masterpiece with an all-round anti-ageing effect. It boosts the skins cellular energy and counteracts oxidative skin stress.. 15ml. INGREDIENTS. AQUA, DECYL OLEATE, MACADAMIA INTEGRIFOLIA SEED OIL, GLYCERYL STEARATE SE, CETEARYL ETHYLHEXANOATE, GLYCERIN, THERMUS THERMOPHILLUS FERMENT, SORBITOL, ORYZA SATIVA BRAN OIL, BUTYROSPERMUM PARKII BUTTER, HYDROGENATED RICE BRAN WAX, TOCOPHERYL ACETATE, METHYLSILANOL MANNURONATE, ...
An appealing mixture of nutritious breadfruit and blended fruits, this cake is a sweet treat that also brings substantial and traditional Jamaican food values to the table. Fruit Cake (Black Cake) is especially popular amongst Jamaican and Caribbean people during Christmas time.
I find perennial staple crops such as breadfruit very interesting, because theyre much less destructive to soil quality than annual crops, and theyre a breeze to maintain. I could walk into the backyard of the apartment I was renting and pick a breadfruit, soak it, throw it in the oven and I had something nutritious to eat in just over an hour. Its like picking a bag of potatoes right off a tree. Insects and birds didnt seem to like it at all, possibly because the raw fruit exudes a bitter, rubbery sap when damaged. Unfortunatley, breadfruit is a tropical plant. Temperate starchy staples that were exploited by native North Americans include the majestic American chestnut in the Appalachians, and acorns in the West. These are both more work than breadfruit to prepare, particularly acorns which must be extensively soaked to remove bitter tannins ...
I find perennial staple crops such as breadfruit very interesting, because theyre much less destructive to soil quality than annual crops, and theyre a breeze to maintain. I could walk into the backyard of the apartment I was renting and pick a breadfruit, soak it, throw it in the oven and I had something nutritious to eat in just over an hour. Its like picking a bag of potatoes right off a tree. Insects and birds didnt seem to like it at all, possibly because the raw fruit exudes a bitter, rubbery sap when damaged. Unfortunatley, breadfruit is a tropical plant. Temperate starchy staples that were exploited by native North Americans include the majestic American chestnut in the Appalachians, and acorns in the West. These are both more work than breadfruit to prepare, particularly acorns which must be extensively soaked to remove bitter tannins ...
phdthesis{ff985f8a-1f11-4721-88f4-8676f4d4ed54, abstract = {Landscape change in Europe has caused the decline of many grassland species. Tephroseris integrifolia (Asteraceae) is one species which has declined rapidly in Sweden since the 19th century. A census of extant populations from 1980 to 2009 revealed a dramatic decrease in population sizes during the early 1990s, despite far-reaching conservation measures.,br/,,br, Knowledge of causes of species decline is necessary for the elaboration of conservation programmes. In this thesis, it is investigated whether this ongoing decrease is caused by a decreased genetic variation within North European T. integrifolia populations, with the main focus on Sweden.,br/,,br, The Swedish populations showed only weak signs of inbreeding depression, and the plants were capable of setting seeds after within-patch cross-pollination, indicating that very little genetic variation has been lost. The Swedish populations did not differ from Estonian populations in ...
KEY RESULTS: The floral tube is formed by synorganization of stamens with petals in all species, and exhibits three main patterns: (1) Conchocarpus heterophyllus and C. minutiflorus have a floral tube formed by marginal coherence/adherence of petals and filaments due to interwining trichomes (postgenital connection); (2) Erythrochiton brasiliensis has a tube formed by congenital fusion of petals and filaments; and (3) Galipea jasminiflora and Conchocarpus macrophyllus have a tube formed distally with the first pattern, and proximally with the second pattern. Although floral tubes seem to be homologous within Galipeinae, this is not true at the level of the family: the floral tube of Correa (from an only distantly related clade of the family) is formed by postgenital union of the petals representing a convergent structure. The gynoecium of the studied species of Galipeinae shows a great variability in the extent of fusion of carpel flanks. Even though different structures for the mature gynoecium ...
Conclusion and Recommendation: In general the antimicrobial activity of the plant observed here support the tradition therapeutic claim of the society. Further study should be conducted in further evaluating its antimicrobial effectiveness and also purification of the active chemical constituents that could be responsible for its biological activity.. Key words: Antibacterial activity, phytochemical screening, disc diffusion, broth dilution, Dichrocepala integrifolia ...
Our freeze dried Durian, Mangosteen, and Jackfruit have all been tested for artificial chemicals and sprays, all have none such residuals. In Thailand,
Some plants, such as potatoes and other tubers, and fruits like the banana and breadfruit, store starch for later use. This starch is stored by special organelles, or cell...
She said and he thought and he did and she thought and he said and she did and they thought and I went and they said and you heard and we saw and they wanted and she didnt think and you didnt see and I felt and he liked and we said we couldnt tell. Said Mr. Narrator to Mrs. Narrator. Said trialogue. And Mrs. Narrator thought Mr. Narrator thought Lady Agonist thought Mr. Narrator. Said Lord Agonist to the psychiatrist thought Mr. Narrator. Lacked character said Lady Agonist said Mrs. Narrator thought Lord Agonist. Are you for or against Agonist said Mrs. Narrator to the dog thought Mr. Narrator against Lady Agonists thigh. I wanted Mr. Narrator to think Lady Agonist felt Mrs. Narrator had Mr. Narrator by the. Her Ladyship felt Lord Agonist didnt. Behind the ears then under a nipple inserted in her pocket. Thought Mrs. Narrator. Would your Lordship care for some. Bushes near a lake, mound at a mineshaft, peak with an outing. Bottoms up her Ladyships butter, we said. And breadfruit. Is your ...
Shqipëria duket se i ka frymëzuar me energji dy artistët dhe janë gati për të nisur jetën sërish në Kanada. Por sa herë që ikin mendojnë dhe kujtojnë artin në Shqipëri.. "Në vendin tonë fatkeqësisht politika është ajo që shkakton rrëmujë në çështjet e artit sic është Teatri Kombëtar apo edhe kinematografia. Unë kam bërë shumë filma dhe shfaqje në teatër" tha Genti. Duke kujtuar kohët e punës si aktor në Shqipëri, me humor Genti tha se raportet më të mira gjithmonë i ka pasur me njerëzit pas kamerave se sa me aktorët në skenë.. Sa i përket roleve në kinematografi dhe bashkëpunimi me aktorë e regjisorë të famshëm në Kanada Genti tregoi se ishte një fat i madh megjithëse në fillim nuk e kishte menduar që edhe në Kanada do të kishte mundësi të punonte në profesionin e tij.. Xhoin e njohim të gjithë si këngëtare, por edukimi i saj është në fushën e ekonomisë pasi është diplomuar për financë e duket se ka ardhur koha për të ...
Support Orchards, Mango (Mangifera indica) var., Avocado (Persea americana) var., Lemon (Citrus lemon) var., Longan (Dimocarpus longan), Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) var., Jaboticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora), Custard Apple (Annona reticulata), Cherimoya (Annona cherimola), Black Sapote (Diospyros digyna), Jack Fruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), Orange (Citrus sinensis) var., Grape (Vitis vinfera), Red Paw Paw (Carica papaya), Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis), Kiwi Fruit (Actinidia deliciosa)
Another very interesting member of the mulberry family is the osage orange (Maclura pomifera). Native to the midwestern and southeastern United States, this species is also known as the hedge apple because it was planted in thicket-like hedge rows before the advent of barbed wire fences. The fruit is neither an orange nor an apple, although it approaches the size of those fruits. Like the breadfruit and jackfruit, it is a true multiple fruit composed of numerous separate ovaries, each arising from a separate female flower. In fact, the bumpy surface of the fruit is due to the numerous, tightly-packed ovaries of the female flowers. The black hairs on the surface of the fruit are styles, each arising from a separate ovary. The wood of osage orange was highly prized by the Osage Indians of Arkansas and Missouri for bows. In fact, osage orange is stronger than oak (Quercus) and as tough as hickory (Carya), and is considered by archers to be one of the finest native North American woods for bows. In ...
Otostegia integrifolia, more commonly known as Abyssinian rose, a plant belonging to the family Lamiaceae, is endemic to Ethiopia, in the dry evergreen woodlands of the Tigray, Gondar, Wollo and Gojjam regions, North Shewa, Kaffa and Hararghe regions, as well as in the dry and moist agroclimatic zones of the district known as Dega, at altitudes of 1,300-2,800 m. above sea-level. It also grows in Yemen, northwest of Mukalla. In Ethiopia, O. integrifolia is commonly known by its Amharic vernacular of Tinjute = ጥንጁት (alt. sp. Tindjut). A much-branched shrub, growing to a height of 4 m; the stem angled and older stems ash grey and flaking, often bearing paired spines at the nodes. Leaves are simple, nearly sessile, ob-lanceolate to lanceolate, 2-9 cm long, cuneate at the base, clothed on both sides with white tomentum; aromatic, the edge double toothed or round toothed. Flowers are two-lipped with yellow or yellow-orange lower petal and white or cream-colored upper petal, the orange anthers ...
Fotos/billeder af Planter, slægt Lathyrus: Forskelligbladet Fladbælg (Lathyrus heterophyllus), Klit-fladbælg (Lathyrus japonicus), Strand-Fladbælg (Lathyrus japonicus ssp. maritimus), Klit-Fladbælg (Lathyrus japonicus ssp. maritimus var. acutifolius), etc.
The 25-acre NIMHANS Campus, in the heart of the garden city, is not just a training ground for medical professionals but also a home to rich flora and fauna. It houses a variety of exotic trees, notable among them being sacred trees like Banyan and Peepal, fruit trees like Jackfruit, Mango and Butter fruit, and flowering trees like Pink Trumpet, Persian Lilac and Lake View Jasmine. The campus has a diverse environment abundant with varieties of fauna. The typical fauna include squirrels, monkeys, various types of reptiles, frogs, and a plethora of insects. The campus also plays hosts to large groups of migratory birds and butterflies in different seasons, every year. Not only has the Institute preserved its environs but also has set a trend in spreading a green message of conservation. The images were contributed by Dr. Pramod K. Pal(Professor of Neurology) & Dr. Kalyani BG(Junior Resident in Psychiatry ...
A peculiar creeping relative of the Petunias and Nicotianas. I got down on my knees yesterday evening and discovered that it has a rather nice fresh scent. The down side is that this has a colonising habit, running around underground over quite a wide area so not something youd want to grow among small delicate plants. An excellent ground cover though among shrubs and trees and larger herbaceous perennials. The stock plant is growing under Myrtles against a south-facing wall in a very dry soil but it will also grow in heavier soils and is surprisingly cold hardy ...
Across Africa, some of the most nutritious crops are the indigenous, traditional foods that grow in the wild or in backyard gardens. People have eaten foods like amaranth, okra, and breadfruit for centuries, but most of them have never been grown in formal agriculture systems and their seeds never bred for qualities like yield or higher nutrient content. The continents major cash food crops are far less healthy grains, mainly corn and rice.. When Howard-Yana Shapiro, a world-renowned plant scientist and chief agricultural officer at the food giant Mars, Incorporated, attended a lecture about childhood stunting in Africa, at the University of California, Davis by Dr. Christine Stewart, he thought he could help by improving the quality of crops that millions in rural parts of the continent were already eating.. Read more…. ...
The ulu (breadfruit) has been touted as one of the most important crops of the 21st century. A government backed research shows that this highly abundant and under utilised fruit has mass potential in economic benefits for Samoa as well providing another food medium that could aid in reducing the... ...
From the beautiful Frangipani to Worry Vines, this tropical garden is well worth a visit. The Joeseph R.ONeal Botanic Garden is located in Roadtown, Tortola. The garden is filled with tropical blooms of Hibiscus, Ixora,Jasmine,Bouganvillaea, Frangipani, Lling Llang and many more along with tropical fruit trees such as mango,breadfruit and papaya. As you pass under…. ...
Sekitar taun 1800, akèh kimiawan PrancisPrancis, kalebu Antoine Lavoisier, kanthi kléru duwé keyakinan manawa kabèh asem ngandhung oksigèn. Lavoisier Lavoisierndhéfinisikaké asem minangka dat ngandhung oksigènOksigèn amarga kawruhé marang asem kuwat mung winates ing asem-asem okso lan amarga panjenengané ora mengertèni komposisi sabeneré saka asem-asem halida, HCl, HBr, lan HI. Ya Lavoisier kang mènèhi jeneng oksigèn saka tembung basa YunaniYunani kang artiné "pambentuk asem". Sawisé unsur klorinKlorin, brominBromin, lan iodinIodin kaidhèntifikasi lan ora anané oksigèn ing asem-asem halidaHalidi tinemu déning Sir Humphry Davy taun 1810, dhéfinisi déning Lavoisier mau kudu ditinggalaké. Kimiawan InggrisInggris ing wektu iku, kalebu Humphry DavyHumphry Davy, duwé keyakinan yèn kabèh asem ngandhung hidrogen. Kimiawan SwediaSwedia Svante Arrhenius banjur nggunakaké landhesan iki kanggo ngembangaké dhéfinisiné bab asem. Panjenengané nelaaké téoriné taun 1884. Ing ...
Ližiny Synology Rail Kit jsou určeny k instalaci stanice RackStation do racku. Součástí Synology RKS1317 jsou posuvné ližiny, které usnadňují zasouvání a vysouvání stanice RackStation při údržbě, zatímco Synology RKM114 zajišťují stanici RackStation v racku. ...
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A green, forest-like color balm with the sweet scent of jasmine flower envelopes your skin with healing passion. Luxuriously melts with the touch of your fingertips to a flawless fluid that is readily absorbed within the skin. Formulated with four powerhouse Southeast Asian botanicals used by the ancestors to provide relief for stressed acne prone inflamed skin while replenishing hydration, reactivating skin elasticity, boosting collagen synthesis and regenerating skin cells to create a natural glow. Combined with Vitamin C and Oxyresveratrol from Lakoocha extract, an extremely potent antioxidant known to correct skin tone and restore a bright, youthful appearance to your skin. High performance essential oils target dull, brittle and dehydrated skin. The SEAS Element Beauty Balm is thoughtfully and carefully formulated with reactive, easily congested skin in mind and is made to heal your skin while allowing it to glow beautifully and healthily without clogging your pores. You dont have to take our word
Three sweeties climbed down from my friends Land Cruiser: Godfrey, Charles, and Viola. Their friend, Kasumba (pronounced "Kuh-SOOM-baw"), lives with me. They adore each other, and my friend brings her little neighbors to visit us whenever she can.. I had not told Kasumba (age 10) that they would be coming. In a land of unpredictable weather, severely bad roads, and unexpectedly-expected trauma, one never knows if plans will actually come about. I didnt want to disappoint him.. But they came!. Very happy. Big smiles. Expectant spirits. Excited.. The reunion was grand, as usual. They brought Kasumbas favorite homemade snacks for him. A huge cluster of bananas and a jackfruit for us. And a hand-woven wall hanging for me.. The day was spent with three extra sweethearts mixed in with our gang. I think its safe to say that a good time was had by all. Good food. A nice nap. Gifts, laughter, and celebration.. Too soon it was time to leave. Standing near the Cruiser, saying my goodbyes to my friend, ...
Orders are generally shipped within two to three weeks after your order is processed and they normally take an additional 2 - 5 business days to arrive.. You may return damaged or defective merchandise within 10 days of the original purchase date for a full refund minus shipping charges. We will also be glad to exchange the damaged merchandise for anything on our site of equal or lesser value ...
A five bean salad, a breadfruit shooter paying homage to the taste buds, and chicken on sugarcane sticks were among the treats differentiating cooks and chefs at the 2016 Taste of Tryall last Friday night in Hanover .....
In this work, the secondary metabolite content of the ethanolic extract of Kickxia spuria subsp. integrifolia (Brot.) R. Fern. is reported. Fourteen compounds were isolated and identified by means of Column Chromatography and NMR and MS spectrometric techniques, respectively. Among these compounds, the chemotaxonomic markers of the species were evidenced whereas others were reported for the first time in the genus. Among these a new antirrhinoside derivative (12) was recognized. The iridoid content show a molecular pattern very similar to those reported for other taxa comprised in the Antirrhinae tribe of Plantaginaceae, thus providing an additional evidence to support the current botanical classification of the Kickxia genus ...
Our revolutionary peptide cream contains Hydrolyzed Rice Protein which is a peptide that stimulates the proliferation of fibroblasts, therefore improving cell propagation and ultimately resulting in elevated cellular metabolism, improved collagen synthesis, reduction in wrinkles, and increased smoothness and toning. Also infused with Hyaluronic Acid and Q10, this anti-ageing product not only delivers great results, it is also natural and vegan.. How to use: Apply a small amount to the face, neck and décolletage and massage in using gentle upward strokes. Avoid eye area. Use morning and night.. Usage: Daily. Morning & Night.. INGREDIENTS: MACADAMIA INTEGRIFOLIA SEED OIL, PRUNIS AMYGDALUS (SWEET ALMOND) DULCIS OIL, HELIANTHUS ANNUUS (SUNFLOWER) SEED OIL, ROSA CANINA (ROSEHIP) FRUIT OIL*, EMULSIFYING WAX, VEGETABLE GLYCERIN, HYDROLYZED RICE (VEGAN PEPTIDE) PROTEIN, PURIFIED WATER, SODIUM (HYALURONIC ACID) HYALURONATE, UBIQUINONE (CO-ENZYME Q10), D-ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL (NATURAL VITAMIN E), ROSMARINUS ...
The genus Tacca consists of the flowering plants in the yam family, Dioscoreaceae, and there are at least 17 species of Taccas. They are native to tropical region of China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, East India, Indonesia, Laos, West Malaysia, Burma, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam.. The well-known Tacca species that have been cultivated as ornamental plants are the T. chantrieri and T. integrifolia. Taccas are known for their strange, yet mesmerizing flowers with long whiskery bracts that can reach up to a foot in length! The lurid, purplish flowers are also known as the Bat Lily or keladi murai due to the two light coloured bracts held high like bat wings. Besides, Taccas have large, beautiful dark green foliage and prefer to be grown in low light conditions with good air circulation.. In Tropical Spice Garden, looking for a T. integrifolia is like participating in a botany treasure hunt! They are planted in various parts of the garden: from the Ornamental Trail to the Spice ...
Tamil culture regards mango, jackfruit and banana as mukkani or the three best fruits in terms of their taste and nutritional value. The flowers of mango, jackfruit and banana are also valuable medicinally and nutritionally. Siddha texts as well as local folklore recommend preparations made using these flowers to treat various ailments that afflict us. I will share with you tips on various flowers and their medicinal uses in my subsequent posts. To start with I will dwell upon the medicinal uses of mango flower ...
Again, this seems perfectly legitimate, and even promising. Artin reminds us, for example, that the society that Freud observed and that gave support to his descriptions of the id, the ego and the superego, is the very same society in which Wagner was a leading and critical participant. Artin sets forth two questions that, he says, guided his inquiry: "To what Freudian paradigms do the elements of Wagners text correspond? And to what concrete social reality, or actual experience, might each element refer?". Artins discussions of the four works each is subtitled. Rheingold is "Anxiety," Walküre is "Melancholia," Siegfried is "Family Romance," and Götterdämmerung is "Splitting." Disappointingly, these subtitles, while justified within each chapter, seem largely arbitrary. Could not one just as easily consider Walküre a Family Romance? And in discussing the family paradigms found in Siegfried, is it intellectually acceptable to discuss Siegfrieds killing Fafner with Notung in terms of his ...
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.[1] A grain crop is a grain-producing plant. The two main types of commercial grain crops are cereals and legumes. After being harvested, dry grains are more durable than other staple foods, such as starchy fruits (plantains, breadfruit, etc.) and tubers (sweet potatoes, cassava, and more). This durability has made grains well suited to industrial agriculture, since they can be mechanically harvested, transported by rail or ship, stored for long periods in silos, and milled for flour or pressed for oil. Thus, major global commodity markets exist for maize, rice, soybeans, wheat and other grains but not for tubers, vegetables, or other crops. ...
A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.[1] A grain crop is a grain-producing plant. The two main types of commercial grain crops are cereals and legumes. After being harvested, dry grains are more durable than other staple foods, such as starchy fruits (plantains, breadfruit, etc.) and tubers (sweet potatoes, cassava, and more). This durability has made grains well suited to industrial agriculture, since they can be mechanically harvested, transported by rail or ship, stored for long periods in silos, and milled for flour or pressed for oil. Thus, major global commodity markets exist for maize, rice, soybeans, wheat and other grains but not for tubers, vegetables, or other crops. ...
This may be a partly diurnal species. Animals generally spend the day in small, quiet colonies. It has been found feeding on figs, breadfruit, and coconuts (Flannery 1995). Births are believed to take place in August and September. Individuals are usually seen roosting in small groups, of a few animals, in trees. It does not disperse well, and may not recolonise following extirpation episodes ...
Tragic. The Jack Pardee coaching era is one I always wanted to know more about. Can some of you old timers fill us in. What was it really like then?
Dear Editor,. I am writing in response to your recent interview and articles with former Chamber of Commerce President Mr. David Robinson. As a longstanding member of the private sector myself (until my recent appointment as Director of the Department of Commerce), I too, at times, would point to the Government and say the same things that Mr. Robinson shared with you. The Government should do this; the Government should do that. Having now been on both sides of the fence, it is clear to me that while the Governments role in many ways is essential to progress, our private sector must be a willing participant and must invest in development should we ever achieve any of the goals this or any previous administration has had.. While the Chambers duty is to be advocates for the business community, our small island economy requires that the Chamber and members of our private sector do more if we are to see real development. Take the breadfruit project for example, which was mentioned by Mr. ...
Organisms living along environmental gradients often utilize phenotypic plasticity to maximize their survival across a range of conditions. Wherever gradients occur, there is potential for divergence through isolation-by-adaptation (IBA) to build-up between genotypes experiencing different selective pressures. Plasticity in traits pertaining to mating systems in particular are likely to constitute an interesting and revealing model for the study of the underlying mechanisms behind parapatric speciation. Giant kelp, Macrocystis spp., shows striking plasticity in holdfast morphology and reproductive strategy when colonizing intertidal (M. integrifolia morph) versus subtidal (M. pyrifera morph) areas along temperate rocky coastlines of the eastern Pacific Ocean. In the intertidal, high photosynthetically-active radiation (PAR) and UV radiation limit development of spores, recruitment of microscopic gametophytes, and growth and survival of embryonic sporophytes of M. pyrifera. Although depth of parent
... (Thunb.) Merr. dalam Verheij, E.W.M. dan R.E. Coronel (eds.). Sumber Daya Nabati Asia Tenggara 2: Buah- ... Artocarpus integer, commonly known as cempedak (pronounced "chem-pe-dak"), is a species of tree in the family Moraceae, and in ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artocarpus_integer&oldid=810501807" ...
Bread fruit (Artocarpus incisa) Puducherry[73] Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) Bael ... Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) Cana fistula (Cassia fistula) Lakshadweep[71][72] Butterfly fish (Chaetodon falcula) Noddy ... Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) Glory lily (Gloriosa superba) Telangana[76] Chital deer (Axis axis) Indian roller ( ...
Artocarpus integrifolia chlebovník β-D-Gal-(1-3)-α-D-GalNAc-Ser/Thr a α-D-GalNAc-Ser/Thr ...
Adult are known to survive well in rainwater-filled tree hollows of trees such as Shorea sp., Artocarpus sp., Dillenia sp., ...
Artocarpus camansi) Cempedak (Artocarpus integer) Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) Treculia - known as African breadfruit " ... Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry and jackfruit family (Moraceae) originating in ... Artocarpus altilis in Malaysia The trunk of A. altilis Mature A. altilis fruit in Malaysia Food portal Breadnut ( ... "Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit)". Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Gardens, Richmond, Surrey, UK. 2017. ...
Artocarpus incisa) tree. This was taken as a divine omen, and the church was relocated to where the tipolo tree was situated. ...
Artocarpus odoratissima nangkâ - Jackfruit; Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.; langkâ (INTRODUCED) orange - Citrus aurantium; local ... Artocarpus blancoi Merr. talisay - Terminalia catappa; almond yakál - Dipterocarpus plagutus-Shorea astylosa Note: very highly ... Artocarpus altilis kamátsile - Pithecellobium dulce, kamachille, Madras thorn fruit kapayas or kapajas - Papaya; Carica papaya ...
Artocarpus altilis; Artocarpus) Breadnut (Artocarpus camansi; Moraceae) Breadnut, Mayan, see Mayan breadnut Broad-leaf bramble ... Artocarpus hypargyraea; Moraceae) Lady apple (Syzygium suborbiculare; Myrtaceae) Lakoocha (Artocarpus lakoocha; Moraceae) ... Artocarpus integer) Chayote (Sechium edule; Cucurbitaceae) Che (Cudrania tricuspidata; Moraceae) Also called cudrania, Chinese ... Artocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae), also called nangka Jamaica Cherry, see Muntingia Jambul (Syzygium cumini; Myrtaceae) ...
"Artocarpus J. R. Forst. & G. Forst". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01- ...
1806 Artocarpus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (~50 spp.) Batocarpus H.Karst. (4 spp.) Clarisia Ruiz & Pav. (3 spp.) Hullettia King ex ...
It is found in Artocarpus dadah. Dihydromorin, the corresponding flavanonol. Su, BN; Cuendet, M; Hawthorne, ME; Kardono, LB; ... Riswan, S; Fong, HH; Mehta, RG; Pezzuto, JM; Kinghorn, AD (2002). "Constituents of the bark and twigs of Artocarpus dadah with ...
Artocarpus lacucha; Thai: ไม้มะหาด; mai mahat) or Siamese Rosewood (Dalbergia cochinchinensis; Thai: ไม้พะยูง; mai pa yung
The larvae feed on Artocarpus heterophyllus. They bore into the young shoots and the fruit of their host plant. Nuss, M.; et al ...
Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg. Hljebno voće. Moraceae. Interspecijska introgresija. Upitno. Artocarpus ...
It feeds on Theobroma cacao and Artocarpus altilis. BioLib.cz - Pelargoderus luteosparsus. Retrieved on 8 September 2014.. ...
The main wood used is "Anjili" (Artocarpus hirsuta). There are houseboats with fully furnished single room, double room and ...
Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) on Wayne's Word. *Jackfruit, flesh of fruit. *Science in India with Special Reference to ...
Artocarpus nobilis contains prenylated flavonoids in its root bark. 8-Prenylkaempferol can be found in Sophora flavescens. A ... "Four new prenylated flavonoids and xanthones from the root bark of Artocarpus nobilis". Fitoterapia. 79 (1): 37-41. doi:10.1016 ...
... artocarpus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.750.144 --- broussonetia (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.750 ...
Artocarpus hirsutus, Artocarpus lacoocha and Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Fauna: Mammals in the park include Indian elephant, gaur, ... Lophopetalum wightanium and Artocarpus hirsuta are some of the species of flora found here. Tiger, leopard, lion-tailed macaque ... Artocarpus lakoocha, Dysoxylum malabaricum and Mesua ferrea are some of the species of flora found here. Clawless otter, ... Artocarpus sp., Calophyllum sp., Alstonia scholaris, Canarium strictum, Syzygium cumini, Flacourtia montana, Symplocos spicata ...
In addition, members of the genus Artocarpus are cultivated throughout the tropics, especially Artocarpus altilis, the ... The tribe is based on the genus Artocarpus, the largest and best-known genus in the group. The first post-Linnaean description ... Over the next 160 years the name Artocarpus was much more widely used, leading to its preservation as a conserved name. Members ... Artocarpus altilis, was introduced across Oceania by Polynesians colonists. Batocarpus and Clarisia are native to the ...
nov., isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Artocarpus integer". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary ... nov., isolated from the rhizosphere soil of Artocarpus integer". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary ... bacteria from the genus of Chryseobacterium which has been isolated from rhizosphere soil from the tree Artocarpus integer. ...
It feeds on Theobroma cacao, Mangifera indica, and Artocarpus altilis. BioLib.cz - Acalolepta marianarum. Retrieved on 8 ...
At present[when?] the collections include: Acalypha hispida, Arenga pinnata, Artocarpus heterophyllus, Billbergia spp., Blighia ...
Artocarpus heterophyllus) and in Artocarpus dadah. Dihydromorin is an inhibitor of tyrosinase. Norartocarpetin, the ... "Constituents of the bark and twigs of Artocarpus dadah with cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity". Journal of Natural Products. ... "Chemical Components and Tyrosinase Inhibitors from the Twigs of Artocarpus heterophyllus". Journal of Agricultural and Food ...
Carbon sequestration rate of Artocarpus integrifolia., C Regression equation for calculating carbon from height for Eucalyptus ... statistics on Carbon sequestration rate of Artocarpus integrifolia: ... chain) Artocarpus integrifolia; contains Pfam profile PF01419 jacalin-like lectin .... protein similar to jacalin Artocarpus ... Carbon sequestration rate of Artocarpus integrifolia. .... questration rate of Artocarpus integrifolia is shown graphically in ...
Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus camansi, Artocarpus communis, Artocarpus communis Moraceae, Artocarpus incise, Artocarpus ... Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis). Also listed as: Artocarpus altilis, Artocarpus communis. Related terms. ... Artocarpus heterophyllus), cempedak (Artocarpus champeden), and marang (Artocarpus odoratissimus). Treculia africana, although ... Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a traditional starch-rich crop belonging to the Moraceae family. The tree, native to the ...
Artocarpus heterophyllus , a popular tropical fruit commonly known as the jackfruit tree, is normally planted in subtropical or ... Moracin C, A Phenolic Compound Isolated from Artocarpus heterophyllus, Suppresses Lipopolysaccharide-Activated Inflammatory ...
Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. dalam Verheij, E.W.M. dan R.E. Coronel (eds.). Sumber Daya Nabati Asia Tenggara 2: Buah- ... Artocarpus integer, commonly known as cempedak (pronounced "chem-pe-dak"), is a species of tree in the family Moraceae, and in ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artocarpus_integer&oldid=810501807" ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artocarpus_lakoocha&oldid=136311441" ...
Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artocarpus_scortechinii&oldid=207522449" ...
Vernacular names [edit wikidata Category:Artocarpus altilis linked to current category] [edit wikidata Artocarpus altilis ... Artocarpus altilis (Artocarpus communis) - Fruit and Spice Park - Homestead, Florida - DSC09082.jpg 3,648 × 5,472; 14.31 MB. ... Artocarpus • Species: Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg ... Media in category "Artocarpus altilis". The following 172 files are in this category, out of 172 total. ...
Artocarpus lakoocha), pudau (Artocarpus kemando), anjily (Artocarpus hirsutus), chaplaish (Artocarpus chama), and marang ( ... Bark of Artocarpus nitidus subsp. lingnanensis Marang (A. odoratissimus) is in the Artocarpus subgenus. "Artocarpus J. R. Forst ... Artocarpus integer), jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), kwai muk (Artocarpus hypargyreus), lakoocha ( ... Artocarpus (Moraceae) molecular phylogeny and the systematics and origins of breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis. Botanical Society ...
Artocarpus sericarpus, the pedalai, gumihan or terap bulu, is a tropical evergreen tree species of the family Moraceae. It is ... Some say the Pedal fruit is the tastiest of all Artocarpus. Janick, Jules; Paull, Robert E. The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts ... Similar to the marang fruit (Artocarpus odoratissimus), the pulp of the fruit is edible and considered very tasty but A. ...
Artocarpus rigidus is a tree species in the Moraceae that was described by Blume. A. rigidus is a wild species of the ... "Artocarpus J. R. Forst. & G. Forst". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-01- ... asperulus (Gagnep.) F.M.Jarrett is accepted; synonyms for the latter are: Artocarpus asperulus Gagnep. and A. calophyllus Kurz ... breadfruit/jackfruit genus (Artocarpus) and may be referred to as the monkey jack(fruit); its Vietnamese name is mít nài ( ...
Artocarpus dadah is a tree species in the genus Artocarpus found in Sumatra. It is of pacific origin and is a sub-species of ... "Constituents of the bark and twigs of Artocarpus dadah with cyclooxygenase inhibitory activity". Journal of Natural Products. ...
Artocarpus nobilis, the Ceylon breadfruit, is a tree species in the family Moraceae. It is endemic to south western regions of ... Artocarpus nobilis contains prenylated flavonoids, xanthonoids in its root bark, geranylated phenolic compounds in its fruits, ... name Four new prenylated flavonoids and xanthones from the root bark of Artocarpus nobilis. Jayasinghe U.L B., Samarakoon T.B ... 19972501 Geranylated phenolic constituents from the fruits of Artocarpus nobilis. Jayasinghe L, Kalinga Rupasinghe G, Hara N ...
Artocarpus sericicarpus has hairs, like a large rambutan, and ripens red. Artocarpus sarawakensis is even trickier, because it ... Artocarpus. Artocarpus odoratissimus is an evergreen tree growing to 25 metres (82 ft) tall. The leaves are 16-50 cm long and ... The fruits of Artocarpus sericicarpus (known as the pedalai, or buah tarap) and Artocarpus sarawakensis (pingan or mountain ... Artocarpus odoratissimus, also called terap,marang, johey oak, green pedalai, madang, tarap, or timadang, is a tree in the ...
Artocarpus integer, commonly known as cempedak (pronounced "chem-pe-dak"), is a species of tree in the family Moraceae, and in ... Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr. dalam Verheij, E.W.M. dan R.E. Coronel (eds.). Sumber Daya Nabati Asia Tenggara 2: Buah- ...
Artocarpus hypargyreus is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. It is endemic to China. It is threatened by habitat loss. ... Artocarpus hypargyreus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 August 2007.. ...
Artocarpus treculianus is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. It is endemic to the Philippines. It is threatened by ... Artocarpus treculianus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 August 2007.. ...
There is speculation that breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis, the most widely used breadfruit, was selectively bred from Artocarpus ... Artocarpus camansi, the breadnut, is a medium-sized tree found in the mulberry family Moraceae. Native to Papua New Guinea, it ... Artocarpus camansi is endemic to New Guinea and possibly Indonesia and the Philippines. The ambiguity of the origins of this ... Artocarpus camansi is described as having "high nutritive value but it is an under-utilised food source". Although not as ...
Artocarpus hirsutus fungal infection Artocarpus hirsutus fungal infection close-up Encycl. 3(1): 211. 1789 [19 Oct 1789] "Plant ... Artocarpus hirsutus unripe fruit The ripe fruit of Jungle Jack unripe fruits in a tree The ripe fruit of Anhili with the outer ... The Artocarpus hirsutus grows in altitudes ranging from sea level to an elevation of 1000 m in places with an annual rainfall ... Artocarpus hirsutus, known by a variety of names, such as Aini, Aini-maram, Aani, Anhili, Anjili, (Malayalam: ആഞ്ഞിലി), (Tamil ...
Barharwa: A town in India named after the Hindi word for Artocarpus lacucha (Barhar) "Artocarpus lacucha". Germplasm Resources ... Artocarpus lacucha, also known as monkey fruit, or Monkey Jack or barhar (Hindi:बरहङ, badahar (Nepali:बडहर, Bengali: ডেউয়া/ ... Monkey Jack Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb., Moraceae p485-487.Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - 2008, J. Janick and R. E. Paull - ... Wongsawad, C; Wongsawad, P; Luangphai, P; Kumchoo, K (2005). "In vitro effects of aqueous extract from Artocarpus takoocha Roxb ...
Artocarpus rubrovenia is a species of plant in the family Moraceae. It is endemic to the Philippines. It is threatened by ... Artocarpus rubrovenus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Downloaded on ... Otto Warburg (1904), "Artocarpus", in Janet Russell Perkins, Fragmenta Florae Philippinae: contributions to the flora of the ...
Artocarpus mariannensis (Chamorro: dugdug) is a species of plant in the fig family, Moraceae. It is endemic to the Mariana ... Characteristic "duck foot" shape of dugdug leaves "Artocarpus mariannensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United ...
Artocarpus anisophyllus, the entawak or mentawa, is a round, 3-4", brown yellow fruit. The Entawaks flesh is orange-red and ...
Artocarpus blancoi is a species of plant in the family Moraceae endemic to the Philippines. Its habitat (among seasonal forest ... "Name - Artocarpus blancoi Merr". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved May 18, 2010. "Antipolo ... "Native Tree of the month (PART 2) Antipolo Artocarpus blancoi (Elm.) Merr". philstar.com. Retrieved 2017-03-10. ... Assessors: World Conservation Monitoring Centre; (1998). "Artocarpus blancoi in IUCN 2010". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ...
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.*Artocarpus lakucha Buch.-Ham. Related Synonym(s):. *Artocarpus integrifolia auct. non L. f.: Roxb ... 3. Artocarpus J.R. & G. Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. 101. t. 51. 1776. (nom. Cons.); Beath. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 3: 376.1880; Hook.f., ...
Artocarpus Forst. 波罗密属 Description from Flora of China. Radermachia Thunberg; Sitodium Parkinson, nom. rej.. Trees, evergreen ... Records of Artocarpus gomezianus Wallich ex Trécul from Taiwan (FRPS 23(1): 51. 1998) have not been confirmed, and this species ... Some species are important for their edible fruit (most notably Artocarpus communis, "breadfruit"), and/or timber.. ...
  • All Artocarpus species are laticiferous trees or shrubs that are composed of leaves, twigs and stems capable of producing a milky sap. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artocarpus dadah is a tree species in the genus Artocarpus found in Sumatra. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moracea is large family comprising sixty genera and nearly 1400 species, including important group such as Artocarpus , Morus , and Ficus . (ispub.com)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Artocarpus elasticus Reinw. (usda.gov)
  • or in home gardens in densely settled urban areas and monocultural rural agricultural areas, Pacific Islanders have selected for incorporation into their agroforestry systems a wide range of tree and tree-like species that meet their particular en vironmental and cultural needs. (nzdl.org)
  • Three years later, Johann Reinhold Forster and Georg Forster published a description of the species using the name Artocarpus communis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Albizia lebbeck, Artocarpus lakoocha, Dysoxylum malabaricum and Mesua ferrea' are some of the species of flora found here. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are more than 73 families and 199 plant species in the mount, including Ixonanthes chinensis, Artocarpus hypargyreus, Brainea insignis, Camellia nitidissima, Camellia sinensis, and Dimocarpus longan. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are numerous tropical rainforests in Kuningan, which contain tree species such as Pinus (Pinus merkusii), Teureup (Artocarpus elasticus), Yellow mahogany (Dysoxylum caulostachyum), Langsat (Lansium domesticum), and Putat (Planchonia valida). (wikipedia.org)
  • In brine shrimp lethality bioassay, the aqueous soluble materials demonstrated the highest toxicity with LC50 of 1.6μg/ml. β-amyrin acetate is the first report of isolation of compounds from Artocarpus lackoocha . (ajptr.com)
  • Made of anubing (Artocarpus cumingiana) wood, it is 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) high with a 1 metre (3.3 ft) crosspiece. (wikipedia.org)
  • Senyawa-senyawa flavonoid yang berhasil diisolasi dari tumbuhan Artocarpus berasal dari bagian kayu batang, kulit batang, akar, kulit akar dan kayu akar. (unram.ac.id)
  • Jayasinghe L, Kalinga Rupasinghe G, Hara N and Fujimoto Y, Phytochemistry, 2006, volume 67, no 13, pages 1353-1358, INIST:18043180 Geranyl chalcone derivatives with antifungal and radical scavenging properties from the leaves of Artocarpus nobilis. (wikipedia.org)