Chemically synthesized structures which functionally resemble natural cells.
The study of systems, particularly electronic systems, which function after the manner of, in a manner characteristic of, or resembling living systems. Also, the science of applying biological techniques and principles to the design of electronic systems.
An interdisciplinary field in materials science, ENGINEERING, and BIOLOGY, studying the use of biological principles for synthesis or fabrication of BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS.
Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Cells derived from the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS which forms before implantation in the uterine wall. They retain the ability to divide, proliferate and provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
The process of aging due to changes in the structure and elasticity of the skin over time. It may be a part of physiological aging or it may be due to the effects of ultraviolet radiation, usually through exposure to sunlight.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
The process that reverts CELL NUCLEI of fully differentiated somatic cells to a pluripotent or totipotent state. This process can be achieved to a certain extent by NUCLEAR TRANSFER TECHNIQUES, such as fusing somatic cell nuclei with enucleated pluripotent embryonic stem cells or enucleated totipotent oocytes. GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING of the fused hybrid cells is used to determine the degree of reprogramming. Dramatic results of nuclear reprogramming include the generation of cloned mammals, such as Dolly the sheep in 1997.
'Skin diseases' is a broad term for various conditions affecting the skin, including inflammatory disorders, infections, benign and malignant tumors, congenital abnormalities, and degenerative diseases, which can cause symptoms such as rashes, discoloration, eruptions, lesions, itching, or pain.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.

The origins of cellular life. (1/46)

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Artificial antigen-presenting cells for use in adoptive immunotherapy. (2/46)

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Cooperation and Hamilton's rule in a simple synthetic microbial system. (3/46)

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Synthetic toxicology: where engineering meets biology and toxicology. (4/46)

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Development of an artificial cell, from self-organization to computation and self-reproduction. (5/46)

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Synthetic protocells interact with viral nanomachinery and inactivate pathogenic human virus. (6/46)

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A modified artificial immune system based pattern recognition approach--an application to clinical diagnostics. (7/46)

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Artificial astrocytes improve neural network performance. (8/46)

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Artificial cells are synthetic constructs that mimic certain functions or structures of natural living cells. They can be created using a variety of materials and methods, including lipid vesicles, polymers, and biomaterials. Artificial cells may be designed to perform specific tasks, such as delivering drugs, sensing environmental changes, or producing chemicals.

It's important to note that artificial cells are not living organisms and do not possess all the functions of natural cells. They also differ from cellular machinery or organelles that can be isolated from natural cells and used for specific purposes. Artificial cells are a topic of ongoing research in fields such as biomedicine, bioengineering, and nanotechnology.

Bionics is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the design of engineering systems and technologies. It involves the study of biological systems, such as sensory organs or locomotion, and then using that knowledge to create artificial systems that mimic those natural processes. In other words, bionics seeks to combine biology and technology to create innovative solutions to various challenges.

In a medical context, bionics often refers to the use of artificial devices or implants that are designed to function in a similar way to biological structures or functions. For example, cochlear implants are a type of bionic device that can help restore hearing in people with severe hearing loss by converting sound into electrical signals that stimulate the auditory nerve. Similarly, bionic limbs use sensors and motors to mimic the natural movement of human limbs, allowing amputees to regain some degree of mobility and independence.

Overall, bionics represents a fascinating intersection between biology and technology, with the potential to improve the quality of life for many people around the world.

Biomimetics, also known as biomimicry, is the process of mimicking or taking inspiration from nature and biological systems to design materials, structures, or processes that solve human problems. It involves studying the models, systems, and elements of nature and then applying the knowledge gained to create new technologies and solutions.

In a medical context, biomimetics can be used to develop new therapies, medical devices, and diagnostic tools. For example, researchers might look to the structure of a spider's web to design a better surgical mesh or take inspiration from the way a gecko sticks to surfaces to create a new type of adhesive bandage.

Biomimetics is an interdisciplinary field that draws on knowledge from biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and materials science. It has the potential to lead to innovative solutions in healthcare, sustainability, energy, transportation, and other areas.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), stem cells are "initial cells" or "precursor cells" that have the ability to differentiate into many different cell types in the body. They can also divide without limit to replenish other cells for as long as the person or animal is still alive.

There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells, which come from human embryos, and adult stem cells, which are found in various tissues throughout the body. Embryonic stem cells have the ability to differentiate into all cell types in the body, while adult stem cells have more limited differentiation potential.

Stem cells play an essential role in the development and repair of various tissues and organs in the body. They are currently being studied for their potential use in the treatment of a wide range of diseases and conditions, including cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and neurological disorders. However, more research is needed to fully understand the properties and capabilities of these cells before they can be used safely and effectively in clinical settings.

"Health Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices" (HKAP) is a term used in public health to refer to the knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and behaviors that individuals possess or engage in that are related to health. Here's a brief definition of each component:

1. Health Knowledge: Refers to the factual information and understanding that individuals have about various health-related topics, such as anatomy, physiology, disease processes, and healthy behaviors.
2. Attitudes: Represent the positive or negative evaluations, feelings, or dispositions that people hold towards certain health issues, practices, or services. These attitudes can influence their willingness to adopt and maintain healthy behaviors.
3. Practices: Encompass the specific actions or habits that individuals engage in related to their health, such as dietary choices, exercise routines, hygiene practices, and use of healthcare services.

HKAP is a multidimensional concept that helps public health professionals understand and address various factors influencing individual and community health outcomes. By assessing and addressing knowledge gaps, negative attitudes, or unhealthy practices, interventions can be designed to promote positive behavior change and improve overall health status.

Pregnancy is a physiological state or condition where a fertilized egg (zygote) successfully implants and grows in the uterus of a woman, leading to the development of an embryo and finally a fetus. This process typically spans approximately 40 weeks, divided into three trimesters, and culminates in childbirth. Throughout this period, numerous hormonal and physical changes occur to support the growing offspring, including uterine enlargement, breast development, and various maternal adaptations to ensure the fetus's optimal growth and well-being.

Cell differentiation is the process by which a less specialized cell, or stem cell, becomes a more specialized cell type with specific functions and structures. This process involves changes in gene expression, which are regulated by various intracellular signaling pathways and transcription factors. Differentiation results in the development of distinct cell types that make up tissues and organs in multicellular organisms. It is a crucial aspect of embryonic development, tissue repair, and maintenance of homeostasis in the body.

Embryonic stem cells are a type of pluripotent stem cell that are derived from the inner cell mass of a blastocyst, which is a very early-stage embryo. These cells have the ability to differentiate into any cell type in the body, making them a promising area of research for regenerative medicine and the study of human development and disease. Embryonic stem cells are typically obtained from surplus embryos created during in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures, with the consent of the donors. The use of embryonic stem cells is a controversial issue due to ethical concerns surrounding the destruction of human embryos.

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are immature, self-renewing cells that give rise to all the mature blood and immune cells in the body. They are capable of both producing more hematopoietic stem cells (self-renewal) and differentiating into early progenitor cells that eventually develop into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. HSCs are found in the bone marrow, umbilical cord blood, and peripheral blood. They have the ability to repair damaged tissues and offer significant therapeutic potential for treating various diseases, including hematological disorders, genetic diseases, and cancer.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

Wound healing is a complex and dynamic process that occurs after tissue injury, aiming to restore the integrity and functionality of the damaged tissue. It involves a series of overlapping phases: hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remodeling.

1. Hemostasis: This initial phase begins immediately after injury and involves the activation of the coagulation cascade to form a clot, which stabilizes the wound and prevents excessive blood loss.
2. Inflammation: Activated inflammatory cells, such as neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages, infiltrate the wound site to eliminate pathogens, remove debris, and release growth factors that promote healing. This phase typically lasts for 2-5 days post-injury.
3. Proliferation: In this phase, various cell types, including fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and keratinocytes, proliferate and migrate to the wound site to synthesize extracellular matrix (ECM) components, form new blood vessels (angiogenesis), and re-epithelialize the wounded area. This phase can last up to several weeks depending on the size and severity of the wound.
4. Remodeling: The final phase of wound healing involves the maturation and realignment of collagen fibers, leading to the restoration of tensile strength in the healed tissue. This process can continue for months to years after injury, although the tissue may never fully regain its original structure and function.

It is important to note that wound healing can be compromised by several factors, including age, nutrition, comorbidities (e.g., diabetes, vascular disease), and infection, which can result in delayed healing or non-healing chronic wounds.

In medical terms, the skin is the largest organ of the human body. It consists of two main layers: the epidermis (outer layer) and dermis (inner layer), as well as accessory structures like hair follicles, sweat glands, and oil glands. The skin plays a crucial role in protecting us from external factors such as bacteria, viruses, and environmental hazards, while also regulating body temperature and enabling the sense of touch.

Skin aging, also known as cutaneous aging, is a complex and multifactorial process characterized by various visible changes in the skin's appearance and function. It can be divided into two main types: intrinsic (chronological or natural) aging and extrinsic (environmental) aging.

Intrinsic aging is a genetically determined and time-dependent process that results from internal factors such as cellular metabolism, hormonal changes, and genetic predisposition. The primary features of intrinsic aging include gradual thinning of the epidermis and dermis, decreased collagen and elastin production, reduced skin cell turnover, and impaired wound healing. Clinically, these changes present as fine wrinkles, dryness, loss of elasticity, and increased fragility of the skin.

Extrinsic aging, on the other hand, is caused by external factors such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, pollution, smoking, alcohol consumption, and poor nutrition. Exposure to these environmental elements leads to oxidative stress, inflammation, and DNA damage, which accelerate the aging process. The main features of extrinsic aging are coarse wrinkles, pigmentary changes (e.g., age spots, melasma), irregular texture, skin laxity, and increased risk of developing skin cancers.

It is important to note that intrinsic and extrinsic aging processes often interact and contribute to the overall appearance of aged skin. A comprehensive approach to skincare should address both types of aging to maintain healthy and youthful-looking skin.

Skin neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors in the skin that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). They result from uncontrolled multiplication of skin cells, which can form various types of lesions. These growths may appear as lumps, bumps, sores, patches, or discolored areas on the skin.

Benign skin neoplasms include conditions such as moles, warts, and seborrheic keratoses, while malignant skin neoplasms are primarily classified into melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma. These three types of cancerous skin growths are collectively known as non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs). Melanoma is the most aggressive and dangerous form of skin cancer, while NMSCs tend to be less invasive but more common.

It's essential to monitor any changes in existing skin lesions or the appearance of new growths and consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment if needed.

Nuclear reprogramming is a process by which the epigenetic information and gene expression profile of a differentiated cell are altered to resemble those of a pluripotent stem cell. This is typically achieved through the introduction of specific transcription factors, such as Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc (often referred to as the Yamanaka factors), into the differentiated cell's nucleus. These factors work together to reprogram the cell's gene expression profile, leading to the activation of genes that are typically silent in differentiated cells and the repression of genes that are active in differentiated cells.

The result is a cell with many of the characteristics of a pluripotent stem cell, including the ability to differentiate into any cell type found in the body. This process has significant implications for regenerative medicine, as it offers the potential to generate patient-specific stem cells that can be used for tissue repair and replacement. However, nuclear reprogramming is still an inefficient and poorly understood process, and further research is needed to fully realize its potential.

Skin diseases, also known as dermatological conditions, refer to any medical condition that affects the skin, which is the largest organ of the human body. These diseases can affect the skin's function, appearance, or overall health. They can be caused by various factors, including genetics, infections, allergies, environmental factors, and aging.

Skin diseases can present in many different forms, such as rashes, blisters, sores, discolorations, growths, or changes in texture. Some common examples of skin diseases include acne, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, fungal infections, viral infections, bacterial infections, and skin cancer.

The symptoms and severity of skin diseases can vary widely depending on the specific condition and individual factors. Some skin diseases are mild and can be treated with over-the-counter medications or topical creams, while others may require more intensive treatments such as prescription medications, light therapy, or even surgery.

It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any unusual or persistent changes in your skin, as some skin diseases can be serious or indicative of other underlying health conditions. A dermatologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases.

According to the medical definition, ultraviolet (UV) rays are invisible radiations that fall in the range of the electromagnetic spectrum between 100-400 nanometers. UV rays are further divided into three categories: UVA (320-400 nm), UVB (280-320 nm), and UVC (100-280 nm).

UV rays have various sources, including the sun and artificial sources like tanning beds. Prolonged exposure to UV rays can cause damage to the skin, leading to premature aging, eye damage, and an increased risk of skin cancer. UVA rays penetrate deeper into the skin and are associated with skin aging, while UVB rays primarily affect the outer layer of the skin and are linked to sunburns and skin cancer. UVC rays are the most harmful but fortunately, they are absorbed by the Earth's atmosphere and do not reach the surface.

Healthcare professionals recommend limiting exposure to UV rays, wearing protective clothing, using broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, and avoiding tanning beds to reduce the risk of UV-related health problems.

... "artificial cells", as they were cell-sized compartments made from artificial materials. These cells consisted of ultrathin ... microcapsules and a number of other particles can qualify as artificial cells. The terms "artificial cell" and "synthetic cell ... only in the mid-1990s were biodegradable artificial red blood cells developed. Artificial cells in biological cell ... An artificial cell, synthetic cell or minimal cell is an engineered particle that mimics one or many functions of a biological ...
T-cells have several key functions, including activation of other cells such as B-cells, helper T-cells and CD4+ cells, as well ... These include B-cells, T-cells, and natural killer (NK) cells. B-cells become activated and produce antibodies to bind and tag ... unlike T-Cells. Research into artificial WBCs began around the time as artificial red blood cells as an effort to address the ... Mesenchymal stem cell derived nanoghosts exhibit cancer targeting properties. Artificial Antigen Presenting Cells (aAPCs) are ...
... (aAPCs) are engineered platforms for T-cell activation. aAPCs are used as a new technology ... January 2014). "Nanoscale artificial antigen presenting cells for T cell immunotherapy". Nanomedicine. 10 (1): 119-129. doi: ... January 2014). "Nanoscale artificial antigen presenting cells for T cell immunotherapy". Nanomedicine. 10 (1): 119-129. doi: ... MHC class I are found on all cells and stimulate cytotoxic T cells (CD8 cells), and MHC class II are found on APCs and ...
... is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes articles on the ... development of artificial cells, tissue engineering, artificial organs, blood substitutes, cell therapy, gene and drug delivery ...
"Human Artificial Chromosomes that Bypass Centromeric DNA". Cell. 178 (3): 624-639.e19. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2019.06.006. ISSN ... Yeast artificial chromosomes and bacterial artificial chromosomes were created before human artificial chromosomes, which were ... A human artificial chromosome (HAC) is a microchromosome that can act as a new chromosome in a population of human cells. That ... Alternative methods of creating transgenes, such as utilizing yeast artificial chromosomes and bacterial artificial chromosomes ...
This device was also used in 2022 to nurture mouse stem cells for over a week and grow synthetic embryos from stem cells. The ... An artificial womb or artificial uterus is a device that would allow for extracorporeal pregnancy by growing a fetus outside ... An artificial uterus may include components of equivalent function. Methods have been considered to connect an artificial ... The scope of an artificial uterus (or "artificial uterus system" to emphasize a broader scope) may also include the interface ...
Cell. 172 (5): 1122-1131.e9. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2018.02.010. PMID 29474911. S2CID 3516426. Senthilingam, Meera (12 May 2016). " ... In particular, mid/far future or non-human applications of artificial intelligence could include advanced forms of artificial ... Pfeifer, Rolf; Iida, Fumiya (2004). "Embodied Artificial Intelligence: Trends and Challenges". Embodied Artificial Intelligence ... Polymer-based artificial neurons operate directly in biological environments and define biohybrid neurons made of artificial ...
Glial cell synapses are currently unquantified but are known to be extremely numerous. In 1980, philosopher John Searle coined ... Annual AI competition Hardware for artificial intelligence Weak artificial intelligence - Form of artificial intelligence See ... The artificial neuron model assumed by Kurzweil and used in many current artificial neural network implementations is simple ... "What is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)? , 4 Tests For Ensuring Artificial General Intelligence". Talky Blog. 13 July ...
... and share properties with artificial neural networks. Dendritic cell algorithms: The dendritic cell algorithm (DCA) is an ... Greensmith, J.; Aickelin, U. (2009). "Artificial Dendritic Cells: Multi-faceted Perspectives". Human-Centric Information ... In artificial intelligence, artificial immune systems (AIS) are a class of computationally intelligent, rule-based machine ... Negative selection refers to the identification and deletion (apoptosis) of self-reacting cells, that is T cells that may ...
... induction of pluripotent stem cells from somatic cells by Oct4, Sox2, Myc and Klf4". Cell Research. 17 (7): 578-580. doi: ... Heiderscheit, Evan A.; Eguchi, Asuka; Spurgat, Mackenzie C.; Ansari, Aseem Z. (2018). "Reprogramming cell fate with artificial ... The change in cell state demonstrates that ATFs can replace traditional transcription factors in cell reprogramming. Angelman ... Directing cell differentiation and reprogramming cell fate have traditionally been achieved via a mixture of transcription ...
With the insertion of a YAC into yeast cells, they can be propagated as linear artificial chromosomes, cloning the inserted ... This gene compensates for a mutation in the yeast host cell that causes the accumulation of red pigment. The host cells are ... Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) Cosmid Fosmid Genetic engineering Human artificial chromosome Autonomously replicating ... Ligation of artificial telomeric sequences to convert circular plasmid into a linear piece of DNA Insertion of DNA sequence to ...
Unlike DNA synthesis in living cells, artificial gene synthesis does not require template DNA, allowing virtually any DNA ... The two new artificial nucleotides or Unnatural Base Pair (UBP) were named d5SICS and dNaM. More technically, these artificial ... Artificial gene synthesis, or simply gene synthesis, refers to a group of methods that are used in synthetic biology to ... Because artificial gene synthesis does not require template DNA, it is theoretically possible to make a completely synthetic ...
de Roos AD (2006). "The origin of the eukaryotic cell based on conservation of existing interfaces". Primary. Artificial Life. ... Eukaryotic cells usually have a single nucleus, but a few cell types, such as mammalian red blood cells, have no nuclei, and a ... Other multinucleate cells in the human are osteoclasts a type of bone cell. Multinucleated and binucleated cells can also be ... the cell divides to form two cells. In order for this process to be possible, each of the new daughter cells must have a full ...
The transformation is usually done by electroporation, which uses electricity to allow the plasmids permeate into the cells. If ... bacterial artificial chromosome, yeast artificial chromosome and the human artificial chromosome. Compared to other artificial ... Bacterial artificial chromosome Human artificial chromosome Yeast artificial chromosome Bajpai, Bhakti (2013-10-22). "High ... Online Medical Dictionary P1-derived artificial chromosome P1-derived artificial chromosome (PAC) definition (CS1: long volume ...
... s can also refer to artificial cells in neuromorphic engineering that are similar to natural physical neurons ... Artificial neurons are the elementary units of artificial neural networks. The artificial neuron receives one or more inputs ( ... the axon behaves as the ability for us to connect our artificial neuron to other artificial neurons. Unlike most artificial ... "Artificial neuron swaps dopamine with rat brain cells like a real one". New Scientist. Retrieved 16 September 2022. Wang, Ting ...
Human skin cells were added to the meshwork silk and were found to flourish under an environment providing nutrients, warmth ... Singh, Rajat (27 July 2015). "Artificial Skin (1981)". adventures. Retrieved 2018-07-30. Altman, Lawrence K. "ARTIFICIAL SKIN ... have found a method for creating artificial skin using spider silk. Before this, however, artificial skin was grown using ... Artificial skin is a collagen scaffold that induces regeneration of skin in mammals such as humans. The term was used in the ...
Cell. 173 (7): 1593-1608.e20. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2018.05.006. PMC 9359418. PMID 29906446. "One special cell can revive a ... "Artificial Genes". Time. 15 November 1982. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2010. Horn ME, ... "Interspecies Chimerism with Mammalian Pluripotent Stem Cells". Cell. 168 (3): 473-486.e15. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2016.12.036. PMC ... Cooper GM (2000). "Cells As Experimental Models". The Cell: A Molecular Approach (2nd ed.). Patel P (June 2018). "Microbe ...
... artificial heart valves, intrauterine birth control devices, and implanted surgical mesh. The presentation of these cases is ... Most of these large cells should be B-cells as identified by their expression of B-cell marker proteins (e.g. CD20, CD79a, PAX5 ... In addition to the neoplastic B-cells, these lesions often contain non-neoplastic white blood cells such as T-cell lymphocytes ... or B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Only individuals whose neoplastic B-cells express the CD19 cell surface protein are ...
Cell. 180 (4): 688-702.e13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2020.01.021. ISSN 1097-4172. PMC 8349178. PMID 32084340. "Artificial ... This work was published in Cell Stem Cell in 2010, and Rossi used this synthetic biology technology platform to found Moderna. ... 2007). "A common mechanism of cellular death induced by bactericidal antibiotics". Cell. 130 (5): 797-810. doi:10.1016/j.cell. ... 2014). "Paper-based synthetic gene networks". Cell. 159 (4): 940-54. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2014.10.004. PMC 4243060. PMID 25417167 ...
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 42 (1): 13-17. doi:10.3109/21691401.2012.762652. PMID 23342991. v t e ( ... Bissulfosuccinimidyl suberate, a water-soluble version Chemical crosslinking of intracellular proteins prior to cell lysis and ... Graziadei A, Rappsilber J (January 2022). "Leveraging crosslinking mass spectrometry in structural and cell biology". Structure ...
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 49 (1): 511-522. doi:10.1080/21691401.2021.1939709. ISSN 2169-1401. PMID ... Abnormal cell growth and formation of mass in the brain tissue or nearby regions may cause brain cancer. Constant headaches, ... It is formed by the tight junctions between endothelial cells, astrocytes, and pericytes in the capillaries. The BBB has high ... The challenge with current therapeutics is to initiate tumor cell apoptosis with no toxic effects to healthy brain tissue. ...
Cell. 180 (4): 688-702.e13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2020.01.021. ISSN 0092-8674. PMC 8349178. PMID 32084340. "Artificial ... published a paper in Cell confirming the discovery-for the first time by deep learning-of halicin, the first new antibiotic ... "MIT School of Engineering and Takeda join to advance research in artificial intelligence and health". MIT News , Massachusetts ... in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) and health sciences, including disease detection, drug discovery, and the ...
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 44 (1): 376-380. doi:10.3109/21691401.2014.953632. PMID 25203939. S2CID ...
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 46 (sup2): 974-982. doi:10.1080/21691401.2018.1476373. PMID 29806505. S2CID ... EPS also promotes cell-cell cohesion (including interspecies recognition) to facilitate microbial aggregation and biofilm ... cells compared with untreated cancer cells. In addition, it has high antiparasitic activity against the promastigote of ... Algal cells consume EPS as their source of energy and carbon. Furthermore, EPS protects them from dehydration and reinforces ...
The invention of the world's first artificial cell was made by Thomas Chang while an undergraduate student at the university. ... Other prominent science alumni include the inventor of the artificial cell Thomas Chang, inventor of the internet search engine ... Chang, Thomas M. S.; Poznansky, Mark J. (1968). "Semipermeable aqueous microcapsules (artificial cells). V. Permeability ... Szostak was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in medicine for discovering a key mechanism in the genetic operations of cells, an ...
Cell. 180 (4): 688-702.e13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2020.01.021. ISSN 1097-4172. PMC 8349178. PMID 32084340. "Artificial ... In 2020, she became the first recipient of the $1 million AAAI Squirrel AI Award for Artificial Intelligence for the Benefit of ... She is a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a faculty lead for artificial intelligence at the MIT ... "Regina Barzilay wins $1M Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Squirrel AI award". news.mit.edu. 23 ...
To this end, bacteria have been commonly used with attached beads and ghost cell bodies. Artificial micro and nanoswimmers are ... Swimming bacterial cells have been used in the development of hybrid microswimmers. Cargo attachment to the bacterial cells ... Many other works have used Serratia marcescens swarming cells, as well as E. coli swarming cells for the development of hybrid ... On the other hand, specialised eukaryotic cells, such as red blood cells (RBCs), are one of the nature's most efficient passive ...
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 45 (8): 1769-1777. doi:10.1080/21691401.2017.1290643. ISSN 2169-141X. PMID ... Fast-growing tumor cells typically have more permeable membranes than healthy cells, allowing the leakage of small ... Semiconductor quantum dots have also been employed for in vitro imaging of pre-labeled cells. The ability to image single-cell ... Colloidal quantum dots are also used in inorganic-organic hybrid solar cells. These solar cells are attractive because of the ...
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 47 (1): 1374-1383. doi:10.1080/21691401.2019.1596943. PMID 30977418. ... High throughput cell biology has a definite focus on the cell, and methods accessing the cell such as imaging, gene expression ... High throughput cell biology dictates methods that can take routine cell biology from low scale research to the speed and scale ... High throughput biology (or high throughput cell biology) is the use of automation equipment with classical cell biology ...
Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 44 (2): 722-734. doi:10.3109/21691401.2014.982802. PMID 25435409. S2CID ... Magnetofection works with cells that are not dividing or slowly dividing, meaning that the genetic materials can go to the cell ... Magnetofection has been tested on a broad range of cell lines, hard-to-transfect and primary cells. Several optimized and ... membranes surrounded structure into cells) and occasionally in the cell nucleus. Magnetic nanoparticles do not aggregate easily ...
ANNs have been used to diagnose several types of cancers and to distinguish highly invasive cancer cell lines from less ... Zou, Jinming; Han, Yi; So, Sung-Sau (2009). "Overview of Artificial Neural Networks". Artificial Neural Networks. Methods in ... ANNs are composed of artificial neurons which are conceptually derived from biological neurons. Each artificial neuron has ... artificial neural network An artificial neural network An ANN dependency graph A single-layer feedforward artificial neural ...
Stem cells may be of interest in transitional tissue welding.[citation needed] Many advancements have been made to improve the ... An artificial cardiac pacemaker (artificial pacemaker, and sometimes just pacemaker, although the term is also used to refer to ... In PMT, the artificial pacemaker forms the anterograde (atrium to ventricle) limb of the circuit and the atrioventricular (AV) ... Lithium-iodide or lithium anode cells increased the life of pacemakers from one year to as long as eleven years, and has become ...
Cells that are used for tissue engineered heart valves are expected to secrete the extracellular matrix (ECM). Extracellular ... Artificial heart valves are expected to last from 10 to 30 years. The most common problems with artificial heart valves are ... The first artificial heart valve was the caged ball valve, a type of ball check valve, in which a ball is housed inside a cage ... An artificial heart valve is a one-way valve implanted into a person's heart to replace a heart valve that is not functioning ...
... "artificial cells", as they were cell-sized compartments made from artificial materials. These cells consisted of ultrathin ... microcapsules and a number of other particles can qualify as artificial cells. The terms "artificial cell" and "synthetic cell ... only in the mid-1990s were biodegradable artificial red blood cells developed. Artificial cells in biological cell ... An artificial cell, synthetic cell or minimal cell is an engineered particle that mimics one or many functions of a biological ...
... scientists created an artificial cell that responds to a sudden and possibly catastrophic change in its surroundings. ... What if materials could do the same? Using a similar pressure-regulating mechanism to that found in cells, ... Living cells respond to threats in their environment. ... Artificial Cells That Can Sense and Respond to Their ... July 29, 2019 Scientists have created artificial cells that mimic biological cells by responding to a chemical change in their ...
... free-floating ball of stem cells. The particular stem cells that will eventually make the future body, the embryonic stem cells ... The other two types of stem cell in the blastocyst are the extra-embryonic trophoblast stem cells (TSCs), which will form the ... using two types of stem cells - the bodys master cells - and a 3D scaffold on which they can grow. ... The stem cells organise themselves, with ESCs at one end and TSCs at the other. A cavity opens then up within each cluster ...
Inasmuch as artificial box C/D RNAs decreased viability of transfected human cells, we propose that natural snoRNAs as well as ... We found that transfection of artificial box C/D snoRNA analogues directed to ,i ,HSPA8,/i, pre-mRNAs into human cells induced ... The artificial box C/D RNA directed to the branch point adenosine of the second intron, as well as the analogue directed to the ... in this study we tested the ability of artificial box C/D RNAs to affect the maturation of target pre-mRNA. ...
... step towards artificial nerve cells with the creation of an artificial nerve cell that can communicate with natural nerve cells ... Artificial nerve cell breakthrough. July 6, 2009. Tom James Researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Linköping University in ... The advantage of this is that only neighbouring cells that have receptors for the specific neurotransmitter, and that are thus ... that instead releases the neurotransmitters that brain cells use to communicate naturally. ...
A mechanism common to cancer cells and immune cells. In the absence of oxygen, cancer cells resort to a very specific survival ... artificial immune super-cells used against blood cancers.. Among available immunotherapies, the use of «CAR-T» cells is ... Strengthening artificial immune cells to fight cancer. Scientists in Western Switzerland have discovered how to improve the ... CAR-T cell immunotherapy involves taking immune cells - usually T lymphocytes - from a person suffering from cancer, modifying ...
NK cells have been seen as potential agents in adoptive immunotherapy for cancer. The main challenge for the success of this ... Cells Cultured with Artificial Antigen-Presenting Cells, in the Presence or Absence of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs ... Cells Cultured with Artificial Antigen-Presenting Cells, in the Presence or Absence of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs ... cells remaining in the bag and filter used in the transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells. NK cells were obtained from ...
Scientists have harnessed the potential of bacteria to help build advanced synthetic cells which mimic real life functionality. ... Pioneering research using bacteria brings scientists a step closer to creating artificial cells with lifelike functionality. ... Human embryo models grown from stem cells. Sep 15, 2023. Using topology, researchers advance understanding of how cells ... Nanowerk News) Scientists have harnessed the potential of bacteria to help build advanced synthetic cells which mimic real life ...
Cells are naturally equipped to sense chemicals and to produce organic molecules. ... Home artificial neurons Transforming bacterial cells into living artificial neural circuits for biomanufacturing and ... Transforming bacterial cells into living artificial neural circuits for biomanufacturing and therapeutics. Print Email ... Artificial Intelligence algorithms allowed the scientists to produce the required genetic modifications to the bacterial cells ...
Molecular robotics approach for constructing an artificial cell model Shin-Ichiro Nomura, Shin-Ichiro Nomura ... "Molecular robotics approach for constructing an artificial cell model." Proceedings of the ECAL 2013: The Twelfth European ... Conference on Artificial Life. ECAL 2013: The Twelfth European Conference on Artificial Life. Sicily, Italy. (pp. pp. 488-491 ... No content on this site may be used to train artificial intelligence systems without permission in writing from the MIT Press. ...
In this contribution both an artificial organelle and cell system will be discussed. The artificial organelles are composed of ... In living cells, not only the cell itself is a compartment, with its properties controlled by the semipermeable cell membrane, ... overview of microfluidic single cell analysis tools for counting the protein copy number in single cells and artificial cells. ... artificial cells, single cell analysis and lipid membrane mechanics. He has active research programmes with industry including ...
Artificial neural networks and pathologists recognize basal cell carcinomas based on different histological patterns ... "Artificial neural networks and pathologists recognize basal cell carcinomas based on different histological patterns" , in ... Recent advances in artificial intelligence, particularly in the field of deep learning, have enabled researchers to create ... Artificial Intelligence ( STAT:102001). Bildverarbeitung ( STAT:102003). Bioinformatik ( STAT:102004). Human-Computer ...
Gregg performed his PhD studies at the University of Calgary in Canada in the field of neural stem cell biology. He was awarded ... Susan L. Solomon is Founder and Chief Executive Officer of The New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute. A veteran ... Copyright © 2017-2023 The New York Stem Cell Foundation. All Rights Reserved. ... and co-founded a biotechnology company called Stem Cell Therapeutics Corp. In 2006, he moved to Harvard University and was ...
... to mammalian cells in culture by targeting a dominant selectable marker (G418 resistance) to the right arm of pYAC4 clones. The ... has been tested by modification of a 550-kb YAC containing part of the human MHC class II region and transfer to CHO cells by ... A modification vector has been constructed to facilitate the transfer of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) ... New vector for transfer of yeast artificial chromosomes to mammalian cells. Markie D., Ragoussis J., Senger G., Rowan A., ...
... polymer-based solar cell has good efficiency and could be cheap to mass-produce. ... Artificial Intelligence How artificial intelligence sharpens blurry thermal vision images By Luis Melecio-Zambrano. August 24, ... Researchers have created a two-layer solar cell thats the most efficient yet among cells made of organic materials. Its ... The first CRISPR therapy approved in the U.S. will treat sickle cell disease By Erin Garcia de Jesús. 20 hours ago. ...
When you need to select several cells with a similar attribute, you can use Excels Find feature to make the process eaiser. ... What Is Artificial General Intelligence? Artificial general intelligence, or AGI, is a hypothetical form of AI designed to ... Use Excels Find feature to find and select cells When you need to select several cells with a similar attribute, you can use ... With the cells selected, you simply apply the new format. In this case, to change the fill color of all the selected cells, ...
Researchers have fabricated a solar cell that uses photosynthetic proteins to convert light into electricity. ... Artificial Intelligence How artificial intelligence sharpens blurry thermal vision images By Luis Melecio-Zambrano. August 24, ... To make the solar cell, a team of biologists and engineers led by Marc Baldo of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT ... Although the prototype device cant yet rival commercial solar cells made of silicon, it demonstrates a new strategy for making ...
... its internal fluid begins to swirl in a vortex-a transition caused by the coordinated behavior of elastic filaments in the cell ... During a fruit-fly egg cells early development, ... Making Miniature Artificial Cilia. September 12, 2023. ... At the end of its first week of development, a striking change occurs in a fruit-fly egg cell. The cells internal fluid motion ... During a fruit-fly egg cells early development, its internal fluid begins to swirl in a vortex-a transition caused by the ...
... used stem cells to create new human cells in the lab, marking the real beginning of making artificial humans. ... used stem cells to create new human cells in the lab, marking the real beginning of making artificial humans. ... published in the journal Cell Stem Cell by Professor Vincent Pasque and his colleagues at KU Leuven, ... published in the journal Cell Stem Cell by Professor Vincent Pasque and his colleagues at KU Leuven, ...
Cell Death, Lysosomes and Artificial Intelligence - Doctoral student. *LU Profile Area: Natural and Artificial Cognition - ... Cell Death, Lysosomes and Artificial Intelligence - Research team manager, Associate senior lecturer ... Development of novel tools and methods for studying lysosome-dependent cell death Artificial intelligence applications in ... Use of artificial intelligence for protein function and structure prediction and modelling 3. Use of artificial intelligence ...
They were able to come up with a way to devise the first artificial neuron. ... Artificial neurons however, detect the chemical signals first and then transmit electrical signals further from cell to cell. ... Artificial synapses chips are proven to be an essential component in the road to building an artificial brain. They can be used ... news.cision.com/karolinska-institutet/r/artifical-neuron-mimicks-function-of-human-cells,c9796303 ...
Modernization with Juniper AIOps (artificial intelligence for IT operations) is the industrys best alternative to a network ... Counties, Cities Voice Concern Over FCCs Small Cell Ruling Cities and counties are strongly committed to the timely and ... Counties, Cities Voice Concern Over FCCs Small Cell Ruling Printable PDF. Washington - The National Association of Counties ... By narrowing the window and resources for evaluating small cell applications, the FCC is effectively hindering our ability to ...
Hematopoietic stem cell. 0. 7. 9. Solid organ. 0. 8. 0. Diagnostic test, no.. ... Artificial Differences in Clostridium difficile Infection Rates Associated with Disparity in Testing Mini Kamboj. , Jennifer ... Artificial Differences in Clostridium difficile Infection Rates Associated with Disparity in Testing. ...
Artificial cells are tiny bacteria fighters Posted by Nicholi Avery in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical. ... "We engineered artificial cells from the bottom-up - like Lego blocks - to destroy bacteria," said Assistant Professor Cheemeng ... "We demonstrated that artificial cells can sense, react and interact with bacteria, as well as function as systems that both ... "Lego block" artificial cells that can kill bacteria have been created by researchers at the University of California, Davis ...
DeepMind Defines Artificial General Intelligence and Ranks Todays Leading Chatbots. November 26, 2023. ... convert the cells naturally present in an open wound into new skin cells by reprogramming the wounded cells to a stem-cell-like ... My laboratory at the Salk Institute focuses on developing stem-cell-based approaches to "reprogram" cells from one type into ... Green is keratinocytes, red is mesenchymal cells, blue is the cell nucleus and magenta marks the innermost layer of skin ...
Can generative artificial intelligence help clinicians better manage patient messages?. Spencer D. Dorn, MD, MPH and Justin ... How cell phones can help lead us out of the COVID-19 pandemic. Samuel Yang, MD, Jennifer Lee, MD, and Juan Chaparro, MD ... How cell phones can help lead us out of the COVID-19 pandemic 1 comments ... Unraveling the mysteries of mast cell disorders [PODCAST]. The Podcast by KevinMD , Podcast ...
... which can be searched for their Artificial cell constructs-related patent result data, and can also be analyzed for Artificial ... technical efficacy and accompanying drawings of Artificial cell constructs-related invention patents and utility model patents ... T cell receptor-deficient t cell compositions. ActiveUS20120321667A1. Genetically modified cellsArtificial cell constructs. ... Pancreatic cellsArtificial cell constructs. Germ layerPluripotential stem cell. The present invention provides methods to ...
... about which Regional Research Reports provides comprehensive insights and estimation in the global stem cell artificial meat ... the global stem cell artificial meat market size is estimated to grow from a million USD in 2022 to reach multi-million USD by ... Global ?Stem Cell Artificial Meat Market Segmentation:. Market Segmentation: By Type. *Bovine Stem Cell Artificial Meat ... stem cell artificial meat market. *A thorough analysis of the ?stem cell artificial meat market is conducted by closely ...
FDA to Examine Link Between Artificial Food Dyes and Hyperactivity. The US Food and Drug Administration has revealed that it ... It might seem odd, but one of the central challenges when taking pictures of cells and organs, is to avoid noise. The agents ... Novel Dye Could Give Cleaner Pictures of What Goes on Inside Cells: Scientists Personalised Printable Document (PDF). Please ... Furthermore, the extra 90 nanoseconds opens the possibility of filming living images of the processes occurring within cells, ...
Researchers have now developed software that uses artificial intelligence to directly predict eye position and eye movements ... Poorly insulated nerve cells promote Alzheimers disease in old age June 02, 2023 ... Artificial intelligence helps a lot here, because we often don't know exactly which patterns to look for as scientists, ... Artificial intelligence predicts eye movements. Scientists develop a software that can be used in combination with MRI data for ...
  • According to the Regional Research Reports, the global ?stem cell artificial meat market size is estimated to grow from a million USD in 2022 to reach multi-million USD by 2033 at a CAGR of 9.4% from 2023 to 2033. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • The Regional Research Reports published the report on "global ?stem cell artificial meat market Report 2023 - Future Growth Opportunities, Latest Technological Trends, In-depth Analysis, and Forecast To 2033" provides the futuristic vision of the global ?stem cell artificial meat market along with the market size (Revenue - US$ Million) and estimates for the duration 2023 to 2033. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • Allogeneic pancreatic islet cellular therapy produced from deceased donor pancreatic cells received FDA approval in June 2023. (medscape.com)
  • The result was the creation of bacterial cells that can be trained using artificial intelligence algorithms. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • Artificial Intelligence algorithms allowed the scientists to produce the required genetic modifications to the bacterial cells at a significantly reduced time and cost. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • Using artificial intelligence algorithms, the group succeeded in harnessing this natural ability to make an analog-to-digital converter - a cell capable of reporting whether the concentration of a particular molecule is "low", "medium", or "high. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • No content on this site may be used to train artificial intelligence systems without permission in writing from the MIT Press. (mit.edu)
  • Recent advances in artificial intelligence, particularly in the field of deep learning, have enabled researchers to create compelling algorithms for medical image analysis. (uni-linz.ac.at)
  • Dr. Gregg, a NYSCF - Robertson Neuroscience Investigator Alumnus and University of Utah Associate Professor of Neurobiology and Human Genetics, has co-developed an artificial intelligence-driven platform called Storyline with leaders in AI and telehealth software. (nyscf.org)
  • Storyline is a platform technology that uses artificial intelligence to identify health issues through analyses of micro-features of behavioral and emotional characteristics captured through a smartphone app. (nyscf.org)
  • Each questionnaire - developed with input from experts in medicine, artificial intelligence, and psychology - only takes about 10 minutes to complete, and users will be prompted three times over a few weeks to respond to key questions. (nyscf.org)
  • These recordings are then analyzed using artificial intelligence, in which an algorithm dissects subtle, yet telling characteristics to determine whether someone may need to seek treatment. (nyscf.org)
  • Development of novel tools and methods for studying lysosome-dependent cell death Artificial intelligence applications in biomedical science 1. (lu.se)
  • Use of artificial intelligence for biomedical image analysis 2. (lu.se)
  • Use of artificial intelligence for protein function and structure prediction and modelling 3. (lu.se)
  • Use of artificial intelligence for integrating biomedical "big data" such as proteomics and genomics datasets Besides our core areas we are involved in several collaborations and research networks. (lu.se)
  • Can generative artificial intelligence help clinicians better manage patient messages? (kevinmd.com)
  • Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig and the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience in Trondheim have now developed software that uses artificial intelligence to directly predict eye position and eye movements from MRI images. (mpg.de)
  • The DeepMReye software uses artificial intelligence to directly predict eye position and eye movements from MRI images. (mpg.de)
  • Artificial intelligence helps a lot here, because we often don't know exactly which patterns to look for as scientists', Markus Frey explains. (mpg.de)
  • Here too, studies can be carried out more easily with DeepMReye, as the artificial intelligence can be calibrated with the help of healthy subjects and then be applied in examinations of blind patients. (mpg.de)
  • A new application of artificial intelligence could help researchers solve medical mysteries ranging from cancer to Alzheimer's. (acm.org)
  • The world of artificial intelligence has exploded in recent years. (acm.org)
  • Every year, the Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence (HAI) puts out its AI Index, a massive compendium of data and graphs that tries to sum up the current state of artificial intelligence . (ieee.org)
  • Language models like ChatGPT, which use artificial intelligence (AI) and natural language processing , generate human -like text that can aid researchers . (bvsalud.org)
  • and future robots that increasingly use advanced artificial intelligence. (cdc.gov)
  • New developments in artificial intelligence (AI), for example, have expanded the use and accessibility of 'smart' computers and machines. (cdc.gov)
  • A main reason for this is the premature dysfunction of these immune cells, which have been artificially modified in vitro. (unige.ch)
  • The present study had aimed to evaluate the effect of a feeder layer of irradiated MSCs in the in vitro expansion of NK cells. (springer.com)
  • The researchers discovered that the protocells were able to produce energy-rich molecules (ATP) via glycolysis and synthesize RNA and proteins by in vitro gene expression, indicating that the inherited bacterial components remained active in the synthetic cells. (nanowerk.com)
  • We conducted further experiments on each potential reprogramming factor and narrowed the list down to four factors that would transform mesenchymal cells into basal keratinocytes in vitro in petri dishes. (singularityhub.com)
  • Although some artificial cells have proven successful for producing therapeutics or performing in vitro specific reactions, they have not been investigated in vivo to determine whether they preserve their architecture and functionality while avoiding toxicity. (nih.gov)
  • In vitro large amplification of tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and adoptive transfer of these cells is one of the most promising approaches to treat malignant diseases in which an effective immune response is not achieved by active immunization. (ewha.ac.kr)
  • However, generating sufficient numbers of tumor-specific CTLs stimulated with autologous antigen presenting cells (APCs) in vitro is one of the most problematic steps in the adoptive cell transfer (ACT) therapy. (ewha.ac.kr)
  • Our results show that TRP-2-specific CD8 + T cells elicited by immunization with recombinant adenovirus expressing the mini-gene epitope are efficiently stimulated and amplified in vitro to a greater extent by aAPCs than by natural splenic APCs. (ewha.ac.kr)
  • These results demonstrate that prior in vivo immunization, which increases the precursor frequency, simplifies posterior expansion of tumorspecific CD8 + T cells, and aAPCs is superior to autologous APC for in vitro amplification. (ewha.ac.kr)
  • In vitro models of primary human osteocytes embedded in natural mineralized matrix without artificial scaffolds are lacking. (ntnu.no)
  • This resemblance to native bone indicates a model system with potential for studying osteocyte-like cell differentiation, cross-talk between bone cells, and the mineralization process in a bonelike structure in vitro without artificial scaffolds. (ntnu.no)
  • Cell immortalization is a crucial technique in artificial meat production, as it enables the perpetual growth and replication of animal cells required to generate meat in vitro. (amzeal.com)
  • The primary remit of the journal is on mammalian biology both in vivo and in vitro but studies on the biochemistry and function of cells in situ are especially encouraged . (wiley.com)
  • Appropriate cell-free in vitro models are needed to study bioavailability of a material in a target biological compartment. (cdc.gov)
  • The researched acrylic teeth developed cytotoxicity against the cells in vitro during the time periods of 24, 48, and 72 hours, while Ivoclar Vivodent and Trilux brands of teeth developed cytotoxicity against the tested cells during the time period of 168 hours. (bvsalud.org)
  • Scientists can encapsulate biomolecules in cell-sized phospholipid vesicles and by doing so, observe these molecules to act similarly as in biological cells and thereby recreate certain cell functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using a similar pressure-regulating mechanism to that found in cells, scientists created an artificial cell that responds to a sudden and possibly catastrophic change in its surroundings. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Scientists at the University of Cambridge have managed to create a structure resembling a mouse embryo in culture, using two types of stem cells - the body's 'master cells' - and a 3D scaffold on which they can grow. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Scientists in Western Switzerland have discovered how to improve the anti-tumour power of CAR-T cells, artificial immune ''super-cells'' used against blood cancers. (unige.ch)
  • To investigate the role of reductive carboxylation, the scientists inhibited this mechanism in CAR-T cells in mouse models of leukaemia and multiple myeloma, two blood cancers. (unige.ch)
  • Nanowerk News ) Scientists have harnessed the potential of bacteria to help build advanced synthetic cells which mimic real life functionality. (nanowerk.com)
  • Bringing together concepts from electrical engineering and bioengineering tools, Technion and MIT scientists collaborated to produce cells engineered to compute sophisticated functions - "biocomputers" of sorts. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • And, scientists are now using stem cells to create human cells with biological components. (nutsel.com)
  • In another work, published on Cell.com, scientists claimed that they had successfully grown monkey embryos containing human cells for the first time - the latest milestone in a rapidly advancing field that has drawn ethical questions. (nutsel.com)
  • To study human development in a dish, scientists have already developed stem cell models for various embryonic and extraembryonic cell types. (nutsel.com)
  • The scientists used human stem cells, which can still grow into every type of cell in an embryo, to make the model cells. (nutsel.com)
  • Apart from this, another similar feat has been achieved by the scientists at MIT, who came up with a chip with artificial synapses. (techquila.co.in)
  • Scientists are also working on superconductor computing chips which is the next step in the development of artificial neurons. (techquila.co.in)
  • Scientists discovered that a synthetic cell with a reduced genome could evolve as quickly as a normal cell. (lifeboat.com)
  • With LOCKR, a switch-like protein, scientists can finally build the biological equivalent of such circuits inside cells. (ucsf.edu)
  • The research group designed the plasmid's genetic sequence to function as a simple computer, or more specifically, a simple artificial neural network. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • In this proof-of-concept study, we implemented an accurate and intuitively interpretable artificial neural network (ANN) for the detection of BCCs in histological whole-slide images (WSIs). (uni-linz.ac.at)
  • The invention provides an artificial antigen presenting cell (AAPC) comprising a eukaryotic cell expressing an antigen presenting complex comprising a human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecule of a single type, at least one exogenous accessory molecule and at least one exogenous T cell-specific epitope. (patsnap.com)
  • To circumvent this problem, we have developed an artificial antigen presenting complex (aAPCs) using MHC class I molecules loaded with a melanoma-specific TRP-2 peptide epitope. (ewha.ac.kr)
  • But the disease history of the patient, in combination with the amplification process, exhausts the cells: they reach a state of terminal differentiation that precipitates the end of their life cycle without leaving them time to act on the length. (unige.ch)
  • The state of differentiation of CAR-T cells is therefore a key factor in the success of the treatment. (unige.ch)
  • 2016). Natural killer cell-based adoptive immunotherapy eradicates and drives differentiation of chemoresistant bladder cancer stem-like cells. (springer.com)
  • The present invention provides methods to promote the differentiation of pluripotent stem cells. (patsnap.com)
  • The present invention also provides methods to promote the differentiation of pluripotent stem cells without the use of a feeder cell layer. (patsnap.com)
  • Methods of identifying differentiation factors capable of promoting the differentiation of endoderm cells, such as PDX1-positive foregut endoderm cells and PDX1-negative definitive endoderm cells, are also disclosed. (patsnap.com)
  • In addition to osteocyte-like cells, the spheroids consisted of osteoblasts at various differentiation stages surrounded by a rim of cells resembling lining cells. (ntnu.no)
  • Nov. 10, 2022 Researchers have discovered a new process that uses fuel to control non-living materials, similar to what living cells do. (sciencedaily.com)
  • While this artificial embryo closely resembles the real thing, it is unlikely that it would develop further into a healthy foetus, say the researchers. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Previous attempts to model protocells using microcapsules have fallen short, so the team of researchers turned to bacteria to build complex synthetic cells using a living material assembly process. (nanowerk.com)
  • As a step towards the construction of a synthetic/living cell entity, the researchers implanted living bacteria into the protocells to generate self-sustainable ATP production and long-term energization for glycolysis, gene expression and cytoskeletal assembly. (nanowerk.com)
  • Graduate students and researchers from Technion - Israel Institute of Technology Professor Ramez Daniel's Laboratory for Synthetic Biology & Bioelectronics worked together with Professor Ron Weiss from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to create genetic "devices" designed to perform computations like artificial neural circuits. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • Researchers have created a two-layer solar cell that's the most efficient yet among cells made of organic materials. (sciencenews.org)
  • Inspired by the efficiency with which plants convert sunlight into sugar, researchers have fabricated a solar cell that uses photosynthetic proteins to convert light into electricity. (sciencenews.org)
  • Given the fluid's incompressibility, those forces can give rise to what the researchers call a "swirling" instability, and the flow switches to a cell-spanning rotation. (aps.org)
  • Researchers have reproduced the wafting motion of hair-like structures on cell surfaces with tiny magnetic rods and a rotating magnetic field. (aps.org)
  • In 2008, for example, British researchers claimed that they had created embryos and stem cells using human cells and the egg cells of cows, but said such experiments would not lead to hybrid human-animal babies or even direct medical therapies. (nutsel.com)
  • In such cases, researchers may isolate skin stem cells from a patient , grow them in the laboratory and transplant them back into the patient. (singularityhub.com)
  • Researchers establish connections between Alzheimer's-linked genetic alterations and the functioning of brain cells. (medindia.net)
  • Researchers devised "smart" cells that behave like tiny autonomous robots which may be used to detect damage and disease, and deliver help at just the right time and in just the right amount. (ucsf.edu)
  • In the first of the two new papers, the researchers describe arms that can direct molecular traffic inside cells, degrade specific proteins, and initiate the cell's self-destruct process. (ucsf.edu)
  • Researchers have used lasers to connect, arrange and merge artificial cells, paving the way for networks of artificial cells that act like tissues. (healthwnews.com)
  • Now, researchers from Imperial College London and Loughborough University have demonstrated a new level of complexity with artificial cells by arranging them into basic tissue structures with different types of connectivity. (healthwnews.com)
  • The artificial cells have a membrane-like layer as their shell, which the researchers engineered to 'stick' to each other. (healthwnews.com)
  • The Physical Cell Biology Subgroup of the Biophysical Society is hosting a virtual mini symposium aimed at connecting early career researchers who apply physical principles to gain a deeper mechanistic understanding of cell biology at different. (biophysics.org)
  • A key component of this innovative technology is cell immortalization, a process that allows researchers to propagate and maintain a continuous source of animal cells for meat production. (amzeal.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have engineered a potentially game-changing solar cell that cheaply and efficiently converts atmospheric carbon dioxide directly into usable hydrocarbon fuel, using only sunlight for energy. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers at Lund University have successfully explained how iron-based dyes work on a molecular level in solar cells. (lu.se)
  • FDA also approves so-called biologics, which include products made from human tissues, blood, and cells, and gene therapy techniques. (newstimenow.com)
  • Here, we describe a novel strategy that overcomes the limitation of passive diffusion by introducing functional capillaries into artificial tissues. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Although cell-based therapies (injection of cell suspensions) and regenerative therapies (transplantation of bioengineered tissues) have already been applied clinically, the treatment of serious diseases will require the fabrication of artificial Three-Dimensional (3D) tissues and organs that can be transplanted instead of donor organs. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • The development of a novel method of introducing functional vascular networks into artificial tissues will facilitate the creation of thick 3D tissues/organs that are cell-dense and vascular-rich (e.g., cardiac, hepaticorrenal tissue). (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Although the slow release of angiogenic factors from a cell scaffold can promoteangiogenesis after transplantation, this approach cannot generate thick tissues because of the long time required for sufficient vascular network formation. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Other approaches have cultured vascular endothelial cells in scaffolds containing microfluidic channels or decellularized organs, but seeding cells within these 'vascular' structures is difficult, and this method cannot generate tissues with a high cell density. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Cells are the basic units of biology, which are capable of working together as a collective when arranged into tissues. (healthwnews.com)
  • This mimics what is seen in nature, so it's a great step forward in creating biological-like artificial cell tissues. (healthwnews.com)
  • Cells Tissues Organs (2021) 210 (2): 77-104. (karger.com)
  • Overview of Transplantation Transplantation is the removal of living, functioning cells, tissues, or organs from the body and then their transfer back into the same body or into a different body. (msdmanuals.com)
  • For instance, when the level of dissolved nutrient molecules (e.g., sugar) in the cell's watery environment drops, water flows into the cell through osmosis. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Protein channels in the cell's membrane release the excess water, preventing catastrophic expansion and bursting of the cell. (sciencedaily.com)
  • With each pulse, a bit of the excess contents were released and a cyclical breathing-like change in the artificial cell's texture was produced. (sciencedaily.com)
  • During a fruit-fly egg cell's early development, its internal fluid begins to swirl in a vortex-a transition caused by the coordinated behavior of elastic filaments in the cell. (aps.org)
  • The cell's internal fluid motion transitions from a disordered mix of small-scale flows to a single vortex that encompasses the entire cell. (aps.org)
  • MFs inherit the donor cell's natural cytoplasm and membrane, while the AOs house reactive components and provide cell-like architecture and functionality. (nih.gov)
  • In earlier studies, the development of snoRNA expression vectors was one of the main approaches to study the influence of box C/D snoRNAs on target genes in mammalian cells. (hindawi.com)
  • New vector for transfer of yeast artificial chromosomes to mammalian cells. (ox.ac.uk)
  • A modification vector has been constructed to facilitate the transfer of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) to mammalian cells in culture by targeting a dominant selectable marker (G418 resistance) to the right arm of pYAC4 clones. (ox.ac.uk)
  • To fit into the tiny cell nucleus, it is condensed around proteins called histones. (unige.ch)
  • In this prototype solar cell, photosynthetic proteins (spheres embedded in yellow peptides) absorb light and pump electrons (e-) into a silver electrode. (sciencenews.org)
  • To make the solar cell, a team of biologists and engineers led by Marc Baldo of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) harvested photosynthetic proteins from spinach and the bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides and deposited the proteins onto a glass support. (sciencenews.org)
  • Because the proteins naturally reside in an aqueous environment inside a cell membrane, it took some creative chemistry to keep the approximately 2 billion isolated proteins functional on a solid surface. (sciencenews.org)
  • Biologists have long recognized that cellular fluid is stirred by molecular motor proteins marching along a network of cell-spanning microtubules, but the cause of the vortex flow transition has remained unclear. (aps.org)
  • To do so, we compared the levels of different proteins inside the two cell types to figure out what distinguished them and find out what we would need to change in order to reprogram one cell type into the other. (singularityhub.com)
  • By reinserting biological components such as proteins in the membrane, we could get the cells to communicate and exchange material with one another. (healthwnews.com)
  • NK cell proliferation, phenotypic expression and cytotoxic activity were evaluated. (springer.com)
  • The present invention relates generally to methods for stimulating cells, and more particularly, to a novel method to concentrate and/or stimulate cells that maximizes stimulation and/or proliferation of such cells. (patsnap.com)
  • In the various embodiments, cells are stimulated and concentrated with a surface yielding enhanced proliferation, cell signal transduction, and/or cell surface moiety aggregation. (patsnap.com)
  • Efficient stimulation and proliferation of antigen-specific T cells was also confirmed using ovalbumin peptide-loaded aAPCs and OT-I TCR transgenic cells. (ewha.ac.kr)
  • Mar. 16, 2022 Biological processes such as wound healing and cancer cell invasion rely on the collective and coordinated motion of living cells. (sciencedaily.com)
  • Although the prototype device can't yet rival commercial solar cells made of silicon, it demonstrates a new strategy for making longer-lasting photovoltaic cells. (sciencenews.org)
  • CAR-T cell immunotherapy involves taking immune cells - usually T lymphocytes - from a person suffering from cancer, modifying them in the laboratory to increase their ability to recognise and fight tumour cells, then readministering them to the patient. (unige.ch)
  • NK cells have been seen as potential agents in adoptive immunotherapy for cancer. (springer.com)
  • Natural killer cell adoptive immunotherapy: Coming of age. (springer.com)
  • Methods of obtaining an expanded number of TIL from a mammal for adoptive cell immunotherapy are also provided. (patsnap.com)
  • The particular stem cells that will eventually make the future body, the embryonic stem cells (ESCs) cluster together inside the embryo towards one end: this stage of development is known as the blastocyst. (cam.ac.uk)
  • We think that it will be possible to mimic a lot of the developmental events occurring before 14 days using human embryonic and extra-embryonic stem cells using a similar approach to our technique using mouse stem cells," she says. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Until now, most attempts to create an artificial cell have only created a package that can mimic certain tasks of the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, these limitations are overcome and customizable cell mimic is achieved-molecular factories (MFs)-by supplementing giant plasma membrane vesicles derived from donor cells with nanometer-sized artificial organelles (AOs). (nih.gov)
  • An artificial cell, synthetic cell or minimal cell is an engineered particle that mimics one or many functions of a biological cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • The procedure performed by artificial synapse mimics the natural ones. (techquila.co.in)
  • It is further demonstrated that in a zebrafish vertebrate animal model, these cell mimics show no apparent toxicity and retain their integrity and function. (nih.gov)
  • NK expansion and activation were stimulated by culture with artificial antigen-presenting cells (aAPCs) and IL-2, in the presence or absence of BM-MSCs. (springer.com)
  • Artificial neurons however, detect the chemical signals first and then transmit electrical signals further from cell to cell. (techquila.co.in)
  • Artificial neurons are made of conductive polymers and can communicate over large distances. (techquila.co.in)
  • These are artificial neurons that are made of superconductors and are much faster than human neurons! (techquila.co.in)
  • Molecular and materials predictions of emerging solar energy technologies including Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs), Organic Photovoltaics (OPVs), nanoscale energy converters, Light-emitting materials, as well as Solar Fuels including Artificial Photosynthesis. (lu.se)
  • Inasmuch as artificial box C/D RNAs decreased viability of transfected human cells, we propose that natural snoRNAs as well as their artificial analogues can influence the maturation of complementary pre-mRNA and can be effective regulators of vital cellular processes. (hindawi.com)
  • Synthetic biology aims (among other goals) to harness these processes, to synthesize the switches and program the genes that would make a bacterial cell perform complex tasks. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • Being able to "computerize" these processes within the cell could have major implications for biomanufacturing and have multiple medical applications. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • You don't make a new human cell type every day ," Pasque said, and also asserted that they are very excited because now they can study processes that normally remain inaccessible during development. (nutsel.com)
  • Deciphering the molecular machinery of lysosome-dependent cell death and its interactions with other cell death and survival processes 2. (lu.se)
  • Compositions of cells having specific phenotypic properties produced by these processes are further provided. (patsnap.com)
  • Furthermore, the extra 90 nanoseconds opens the possibility of filming living images of the processes occurring within cells, for example when a drug attacks an illness. (medindia.net)
  • Much is still not understood about how gene regulatory interactions control cell fate decisions in single cells, in part due to the difficulty of directly observing gene regulatory processes in vivo. (nature.com)
  • Gene regulation is one of the key processes that underlie the complex behavior of biological systems, allowing cells to adapt to varying environments, and allowing multi-cellular organisms to express a large number of phenotypically distinct cell types from a single genotype. (nature.com)
  • The unique advantages of highly varied composition, multicompartmentalized architecture, and preserved functionality in vivo open new biological avenues ranging from the study of biorelevant processes in robust cell-like environments to the production of specific bioactive compounds. (nih.gov)
  • Cell Biochemistry & Function publishes original research articles and reviews on the mechanisms whereby molecular and biochemical processes control cellular activity with a particular emphasis on the integration of molecular and cell biology, biochemistry and physiology in the regulation of tissue function in health and disease . (wiley.com)
  • The DNA (nucleus) of each cell is shown in blue. (nutsel.com)
  • Green is keratinocytes, red is mesenchymal cells, blue is the cell nucleus and magenta marks the innermost layer of skin epithelium. (singularityhub.com)
  • My laboratory at the Salk Institute focuses on developing stem-cell-based approaches to "reprogram" cells from one type into another for the purpose of regenerative medicine . (singularityhub.com)
  • Professor Oscar Ces, also from the Department of Chemistry at Imperial, said: "Connecting artificial cells together is a valuable technology in the wider toolkit we are assembling for creating these biological systems using bottom-up approaches. (healthwnews.com)
  • MSCs were obtained from the bone marrow (BM) cells remaining in the bag and filter used in the transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells. (springer.com)
  • Organ-like structures have been synthesized on a small scale, but overcoming current problems with cell sourcing and scalability will facilitate the creation of cardiac assist devices and organs for transplantation. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • We have successfully laminated rat myocardial cell sheets to produce artificial tissue with a high cell density that beats autonomously after transplantation into the rat [1]. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • Transplantation of pancreatic islet cells into patients with type 1 DM, as a means of enabling these individuals to produce their own insulin, has been under investigation. (medscape.com)
  • As such, in the area of synthetic biology, an artificial cell can be understood as a completely synthetically made cell that can capture energy, maintain ion gradients, contain macromolecules as well as store information and have the ability to replicate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In biology, cells use a variety of mechanisms to deal with sudden changes in their surroundings. (sciencedaily.com)
  • International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 40 , 2335-2340. (springer.com)
  • Natural killer cell biology: An update and future directions. (springer.com)
  • The Ph.D students (now doctors) Luna Rizik and Loai Danial, together with Dr. Mouna Habib, under the guidance of Prof. Ramez Daniel from the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering at the Technion, and in collaboration with Prof. Ron Weiss from the Synthetic Biology Center, MIT, were inspired by how artificial neural networks function. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • Specific recent and current research topics that contribute to the synthetic biology toolbox for development of artificial cells include membrane texturing through phase separation, artificial DNA adhesion receptors, hybrid lipid-polymer membrane systems for enhanced stability and lifetime, encapsulation of feedback-responsive systems and controlled generation of eukaryote-like membrane architectures. (royalsociety.org)
  • This provides an unprecedented level of control over the way the protein interacts with other components of the cell, and will allow us to begin tackling unsolved - and previously unsolvable - problems in biology, with important implications for medicine and industry. (ucsf.edu)
  • The other two types of stem cell in the blastocyst are the extra-embryonic trophoblast stem cells (TSCs), which will form the placenta, and primitive endoderm stem cells that will form the so-called yolk sac, ensuring that the foetus's organs develop properly and providing essential nutrients. (cam.ac.uk)
  • It might seem odd, but one of the central challenges when taking pictures of cells and organs, is to avoid noise. (medindia.net)
  • The three primary elements of such artificial cells are the formation of a lipid membrane, DNA and RNA replication through a template process and the harvesting of chemical energy for active transport across the membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The authors provide original points of view on all types of commercially available micro fuel cells types, including micro proton exchange membrane fuel cells, micro direct methanol fuel cells, micro solid oxide fuel cells and micro bio-fuel cells. (azocleantech.com)
  • The terms "artificial cell" and "synthetic cell" are used in a variety of different fields and can have different meanings, as it is also reflected in the different sections of this article. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in other cases, the term "artificial" does not imply that the entire structure is man-made, but instead, it can refer to the idea that certain functions or structures of biological cells can be modified, simplified, replaced or supplemented with a synthetic entity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main hurdles foreseen and encountered with this proposed protocell are the creation of a minimal synthetic DNA that holds all sufficient information for life, and the reproduction of non-genetic components that are integral in cell development such as molecular self-organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • The research, led by the University of Bristol and published in Nature ( 'Living material assembly of bacteriogenic protocells' ), makes important progress in deploying synthetic cells, known as protocells, to more accurately represent the complex compositions, structure, and function of living cells. (nanowerk.com)
  • Corresponding author Professor Stephen Mann said: "Achieving high organisational and functional complexity in synthetic cells is difficult especially under close-to-equilibrium conditions. (nanowerk.com)
  • First author Dr Can Xu, Research Associate at the University of Bristol, added: "Our living-material assembly approach provides an opportunity for the bottom-up construction of symbiotic living/synthetic cell constructs. (nanowerk.com)
  • They created synthetic computation circuits by combining existing genetic "parts," or engineered genes, in novel ways, and implemented concepts from neuromorphic electronics into bacterial cells. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • We will address how repurposing of biological and synthetic components can be used to create artificial cells for development in areas such as fuel production, drug delivery and environmental remediation. (royalsociety.org)
  • Stem cell research has the transformative potential to revolutionize medicine . (bvsalud.org)
  • This study assesses Chat Generative Pre-Trained Transformer (ChatGPT)'s utility in stem cell research and evaluates the accuracy of its references. (bvsalud.org)
  • Despite these challenges, ChatGPT has the potential to be a valuable tool for stem cell research . (bvsalud.org)
  • We have been developing cell sheet engineering as a regenerative medicine technique. (heraldopenaccess.us)
  • We introduce here a novel integrated setup consisting of a microfluidic chip and accompanying analysis software that enable long-term quantitative tracking of growth and gene expression in single cells. (nature.com)
  • Herein, we cover the currently used image analysis-based techniques for assessment of biomaterial/cell interaction with a specific focus on unstained brightfield microscopy acquired mostly in but not limited to microfluidic systems, which serve as multiparametric sensing platforms for noninvasive experimental measurements. (karger.com)
  • We present the major imaging acquisition techniques that enable point-of-care testing when incorporated with microfluidic cells, discuss the constraints enforced by the geometry of the system and the material that is analyzed, and the challenges that rise in the image analysis when unstained cell imaging is employed. (karger.com)
  • By inhibiting a very specific metabolic mechanism, the team has succeeded in creating CAR-T cells with enhanced immune memory, capable of fighting tumour cells for much longer. (unige.ch)
  • Immune cells and cancer cells have a fairly similar metabolism, which enables them to proliferate very rapidly. (unige.ch)
  • And even, and this is the heart of our discovery, they tend to transform into memory T lymphocytes, a type of immune cell that retains the memory of the tumour elements that needs to be attacked. (unige.ch)
  • Also provided are methods for producing phenotypically tailored cells, including T-cells for the use in diagnostics, drug discovery, and the treatment of a variety of indications, including cancer, viral infection, and immune related disorders. (patsnap.com)
  • The growth is primarily driven by several variables about which Regional Research Reports provides comprehensive insights and estimation in the global ?stem cell artificial meat market research. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • The competitive profiles of the top vendors of ?stem cell artificial meat products and their most recent developments are also included in the report. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • In addition to highlighting recent market trends for ?stem cell artificial meat, the study also provides information on upcoming trends that will affect demand. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • The global ?stem cell artificial meat market report also includes annual growth rates for each segment. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • Additionally, the report analyses the market from the standpoint of production and provides cost overviews for the ?stem cell artificial meat market as well as analyses of labor, raw material, and technology costs. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • Additionally, it details the market's competitive landscape for all significant players identified in the global ?stem cell artificial meat market. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • The report also outlines the challenges facing the global ?stem cell artificial meat market. (regionalresearchreports.com)
  • The quest for artificial meat inches forward-the company Memphis Meats announced today it has developed chicken and duck meat from cultured cells of each bird, producing "clean poultry. (newstimenow.com)
  • Cell immortalization is a critical component of artificial meat technology, enabling the scalable and sustainable production of cultured meat products. (amzeal.com)
  • ALBANY, N.Y. - Amzeal -- The global demand for sustainable and cruelty-free protein sources has led to significant advancements in the field of artificial meat, also known as cultured or lab-grown meat. (amzeal.com)
  • In this article, we will explore the role of cell immortalization in artificial meat technology and provide insights into the market trends and forecasts. (amzeal.com)
  • Immortalized cell lines serve as the foundation for the production of cultured meat, making it a sustainable and ethical alternative to traditional livestock farming. (amzeal.com)
  • Sustainable Meat Production: Cell immortalization reduces the need for continuous animal breeding and slaughtering, resulting in a more environmentally sustainable and humane approach to meat production. (amzeal.com)
  • Quality Control: Immortalized cell lines provide a consistent source of high-quality cells, ensuring uniformity in the final meat product, including its taste, texture, and nutritional profile. (amzeal.com)
  • Reduced Production Time: Immortalized cells grow rapidly, significantly reducing the time required to produce cultured meat compared to traditional livestock farming. (amzeal.com)
  • Investment and Research: The artificial meat industry has seen a surge in investment from both private and public sectors. (amzeal.com)
  • These partnerships aim to leverage the expertise of each entity to advance artificial meat technology, including cell immortalization methods. (amzeal.com)
  • Heeger says that his team's is the first double-layer organic solar cell that can be manufactured by painting polymers on top of each other. (sciencenews.org)
  • It's essentially a two-solar cell sandwich with a transparent film in the middle. (sciencenews.org)
  • That's a record for organic solar cells, say Alan Heeger of the University of California, Santa Barbara and his colleagues in the July 13 Science . (sciencenews.org)
  • image: Simulated sunlight powers a solar cell that converts atmospheric carbon dioxide directly into syngas. (eurekalert.org)
  • Unlike conventional solar cells, which convert sunlight into electricity that must be stored in heavy batteries, the new device essentially does the work of plants, converting atmospheric carbon dioxide into fuel, solving two crucial problems at once. (eurekalert.org)
  • A solar farm of such "artificial leaves" could remove significant amounts of carbon from the atmosphere and produce energy-dense fuel efficiently. (eurekalert.org)
  • The new solar cell is not photovoltaic -- it's photosynthetic," says Amin Salehi-Khojin, assistant professor of mechanical and industrial engineering at UIC and senior author on the study. (eurekalert.org)
  • The new findings will accelerate the development of inexpensive and environmentally friendly solar cells. (lu.se)
  • Some stricter definitions are based on the assumption that the term "cell" directly relates to biological cells and that these structures therefore have to be alive (or part of a living organism) and, further, that the term "artificial" implies that these structures are artificially built from the bottom-up, i.e. from basic components. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phospholipid membranes are an obvious choice as compartmentalizing boundaries, as they act as selective barriers in all living biological cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biological cells can perform complex functions, but are difficult to controllably engineer. (healthwnews.com)
  • These structures could be used to perform functions like initiating chemical reactions or moving chemicals around networks of artificial and biological cells. (healthwnews.com)
  • The term "artificial cell" is also used for structures with direct applications such as compartments for drug delivery. (wikipedia.org)
  • For those creating materials with new properties, such as greater strength or self-healing, the artificial cells ability to sense a possibly damaging event and respond shows an option for changing material structures in response to stress. (sciencedaily.com)
  • The team say that by altering artificial cell membranes they can now get the cells to stick together like 'stickle bricks' - allowing them to be arranged into whole new structures. (healthwnews.com)
  • Once a mammalian egg has been fertilised by a sperm, it divides multiple times to generate a small, free-floating ball of stem cells. (cam.ac.uk)
  • According to Professor Pasque, these cells generate the first blood in an embryo, help to attach the embryo to the future placenta and play a role in forming the primitive umbilical cord. (nutsel.com)
  • Amazingly, this can be accomplished without any direct human intervention thanks to a first-of-its-kind artificial protein - designed on a computer and synthesized in the lab - that can be used to build brand-new biological circuits inside living cells. (ucsf.edu)
  • It is found in foods that contain protein and in some artificial sweeteners. (medlineplus.gov)
  • b) Base-pairing interactions between an artificial box C/D RNA and target RNAs. (hindawi.com)
  • In spite of more than half a century of intense study since the discovery of the basic mechanism of gene regulation 1 , much remains to be understood about the ways in which gene regulatory interactions control cell fate decisions. (nature.com)
  • In particular, the present invention provides an improved method for the formation of pancreatic endoderm, pancreatic hormone expressing cells and pancreatic hormone secreting cells. (patsnap.com)
  • Disclosed herein are cell cultures comprising PDX1-positive endoderm cells and methods of producing the same. (patsnap.com)
  • Also disclosed herein are cell populations comprising substantially purified PDX1-positive endoderm cells as well as methods for enriching, isolating and purifying PDX1-positive endoderm cells from other cell types. (patsnap.com)
  • 2014). Human NK cells: From surface receptors to the therapy of leukemias and solid tumors. (springer.com)
  • Emerging techniques such as utilization of machine learning and cell-specific pattern recognition algorithms and potential future directions are discussed. (karger.com)
  • Cell Biochemistry and Function currently does not publish research in specific areas that are better served by specialist journals. (wiley.com)
  • Cell Biochemistry & Function also discourages submission of research based exclusively on analysis of publically available transcriptomic and proteomic datasets, although the acceptability of specific manuscripts in this particular area can be discussed with the Editor-in-Chief. (wiley.com)
  • Being able to create and control this process paves the way for more complex programming, making the engineered cells suitable for more advanced tasks. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • Synapses are neural connections that allow nerve cells to communicate with one another and manage thousands of tasks. (techquila.co.in)
  • Cell phones equipped with speech-recognition software applications, such as Siri or Google Assistant, are everyday examples of technologies that can perform non-routine and higher-order 'thinking'-based tasks [3]. (cdc.gov)
  • So far, no completely artificial cell capable of self-reproduction has been synthesized using the molecules of life, and this objective is still in a distant future although various groups are currently working towards this goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cells are naturally equipped to sense chemicals and to produce organic molecules. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • A 'key' (black) unlocks a 'cage' (grey), revealing a bioactive peptide (yellow) which can interact with other molecules in the cell. (ucsf.edu)
  • The main challenge for the success of this approach is to obtain a great quantity of activated NK cells for adoptive transfer. (springer.com)
  • To expand understanding of the role of snoRNAs in control of gene expression, in this study we tested the ability of artificial box C/D RNAs to affect the maturation of target pre-mRNA. (hindawi.com)
  • The dual-input Mother Machine (DIMM) chip enables controlled and continuous variation of external conditions, allowing direct observation of gene regulatory responses to changing conditions in single cells. (nature.com)
  • This implies that bulk expression measurements are often misleading, thus necessitating methods for studying gene regulation in single cells. (nature.com)
  • Second, while methods such as flow cytometry, smFISH, and single-cell RNA-seq provide snapshots of gene expression distributions across single cells (see e.g. refs. (nature.com)
  • The most common approach in such studies is to grow cells on a surface while tracking gene expression and growth using quantitative fluorescence time-lapse microscopy (QFTM). (nature.com)
  • which means both copies of the gene in each cell have mutations. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The team found that the streamlined cell can evolve just as fast as a normal cell-demonstrating the capacity for organisms to adapt, even with an unnatural genome that would seemingly provide little flexibility. (lifeboat.com)
  • Evolutionary biologist Jay T. Lennon's research team has been studying a synthetically constructed minimal cell that has been stripped of all but its essential genes. (lifeboat.com)
  • Artificial chicken grown from cells gets a taste test-but who will regulate it? (newstimenow.com)
  • A bottom-up approach to build an artificial cell would involve creating a protocell de novo, entirely from non-living materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biologists Create New Human Cells: Artificial Humans? (nutsel.com)
  • Histological slides of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), the most frequent skin tumor, are accessed by pathologists on a daily basis and are therefore well suited for automated prescreening by neural networks for the identification of cancerous regions and swift tumor classification. (uni-linz.ac.at)
  • A postdoctoral research associate in my lab, Masakazu Kurita , who has a background in plastic surgery, knew that a critical step in wound healing was the migration of stem-cell-like cells called basal keratinocytes-from nearby, undamaged skin-into wounds. (singularityhub.com)
  • Basal keratinocytes are precursors to many different types of skin cells. (singularityhub.com)
  • We wanted to convert these mesenchymal cells into basal keratinocytes, without ever taking them out of the body. (singularityhub.com)
  • The developed DNA vectors encoded mature snoRNAs or artificial pre-mRNA fragments that were processed to snoRNA [ 1 , 13 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Natural human cells serve as the body's building blocks, absorb nutrients from meals, transform those nutrients into energy, and perform certain functions. (nutsel.com)
  • Fluorescent microscopy image of the new cells (extraembryonic mesoderm cells) and placenta progenitor stem cells. (nutsel.com)
  • Functions of natural killer cells. (springer.com)
  • Natural killer cells: Detectors of stress. (springer.com)
  • Isolation, expansion, and characterization of natural killer cells and their precursors as a tool to study cancer immunosurveillance. (springer.com)
  • Understanding of molecular mechanisms in natural killer cell therapy. (springer.com)
  • Shaping of natural killer cell antitumor activity by ex vivo cultivation. (springer.com)
  • The genetic material was inserted into the bacterial cell in the form of a plasmid: a relatively short DNA molecule that remains separate from the bacteria's "natural" genome. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • Going further, the group made use of another natural property of living cells: they are capable of responding to gradients. (innovationtoronto.com)
  • The new cells resemble their natural counterparts in early human embryos very closely. (nutsel.com)
  • The new cells are an excellent model for that cell type since they closely resemble their natural counterparts in human embryos. (nutsel.com)
  • We have established cell culture conditions that favored the natural 3D orientation of the bone cells and stimulated the cascade of signaling needed for primary human osteoblasts to differentiate into osteocytes with the characteristically phenotypical dendritic network between cells. (ntnu.no)
  • The process involves modifying cells to overcome their natural limitations, such as senescence, and thus, they can continuously divide and proliferate. (amzeal.com)
  • We found that transfection of artificial box C/D snoRNA analogues directed to HSPA8 pre-mRNAs into human cells induced suppression of the target mRNA expression in a time- and dose-dependent manner. (hindawi.com)
  • A recent study, published in the journal Cell Stem Cell by Professor Vincent Pasque and his colleagues at KU Leuven, used stem cells to create new human cells in the lab , possibly marking the beginning of making artificial humans. (nutsel.com)