Joint Loose Bodies
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Range of Motion, Articular
Lateral Ligament, Ankle
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Synovitis, Pigmented Villonodular
Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament: comparison of outside-in and all-inside techniques. (1/1100)The aim of this prospective study was to compare two arthroscopic techniques for reconstructing the anterior cruciate ligament, the "outside-in" (two incisions) and the "all-inside" (one incision) techniques. The results obtained for 30 patients operated on using the "outside-in" technique (group I) were compared with those for 29 patients operated on using the "all-inside" technique (group II). Before surgery, there were no significant differences between the groups in terms of Lysholm score, Tegner activity level, patellofemoral pain score, or knee laxity. Both groups displayed significant improvements in Lysholm score after 24 months, from 69 (16) to 91 (9) in group I and from 70 (17) to 90 (15) in group II (means (SD)). There were also significant improvements in patellofemoral pain scores in both groups, from 13 (6) to 18 (5) in group I and from 14 (6) to 18 (4) in group II after 24 months. No difference was found between the groups in knee stability at the 24 month follow up. The IKDC score was identical in both groups at follow up. The operation took significantly longer for patients in group I (mean 94 (15)) than for those in group II (mean 86 (20)) (p = 0.03). The mean sick leave was 7.7 (6.2) weeks in group I and 12.3 (9.7) weeks in group II (p = 0.026), indicating that there may be a higher morbidity associated with the "all-inside" technique. It can be concluded that there were no significant differences between the two different techniques in terms of functional results, knee laxity, or postoperative complications. The results were satisfactory and the outcome was similar in both treatment groups. (+info)
Anterior instability of the glenohumeral joint with humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament. A review of 41 cases. (2/1100)We studied retrospectively a consecutive series of 547 shoulders in 529 patients undergoing operation for instability. In 41, the cause of instability was considered to be lateral avulsion of the capsule, including the inferior glenohumeral ligament, from the neck of the humerus, the HAGL lesion. In 35, the lesion was found at first exploration, whereas in six it was noted at revision of a previous failed procedure. In both groups, the patients were older on average than those with instability from other causes. Of the primary cases, in 33 (94.3%) the cause of the first dislocation was a violent injury; six (17.4%) had evidence of damage to the rotator cuff and/or the subscapularis. Only four (11.4%) had a Bankart lesion. In patients undergoing a primary operation in whom the cause of the first dislocation was a violent injury, who did not have a Bankart lesion and had no suggestion of multidirectional laxity, the incidence of HAGL was 39%. (+info)
Diacerhein treatment reduces the severity of osteoarthritis in the canine cruciate-deficiency model of osteoarthritis. (3/1100)OBJECTIVE: To determine if diacerhein protects against the early stages of joint damage in a canine model of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: OA was induced in 20 adult mongrel dogs by transection of the anterior cruciate ligament of the left knee. Beginning the day after surgery, dogs in the active treatment group were dosed twice a day with capsules of diacerhein, providing a total daily dose of 40 mg/kg, for 32 weeks. Dogs in the control group received placebo capsules on the same schedule. Pathology in the unstable knee was assessed arthroscopically 16 weeks after surgery and by direct observation when the dogs were killed 32 weeks after surgery. The severity of gross joint pathology was recorded, and samples of the medial femoral condyle cartilage and the synovial tissue adjacent to the central portion of the medial meniscus were collected for histologic evaluation. Water content and uronic acid concentration of the articular cartilage from the femoral condyle were determined, and collagenolytic activity in extracts of cartilage pooled from the medial and lateral tibial plateaus was assayed against 14C-labeled collagen fibers. RESULTS: Diacerhein treatment slowed the progression of OA, as measured by grading of gross changes in the unstable knee at arthroscopy 16 weeks after cruciate ligament transection (P = 0.04) and at the time the animals were killed, 32 weeks after surgery (P = 0.05). However, 32 weeks after ACL transection, the mean proteoglycan concentration and water content of the OA cartilage and the level of collagenolytic activity in extracts of the cartilage were not significantly different in the diacerhein treatment group than in the placebo treatment group. CONCLUSION: Diacerhein treatment significantly reduced the severity of morphologic changes of OA compared with placebo. These findings support the view that diacerhein may be a disease-modifying drug for OA. (+info)
Ganglion cysts of the cruciate ligaments detected by MRI. (4/1100)Eight patients with ganglion cysts arising from the cruciate ligaments of the knee joint underwent arthroscopic excision after the MR examination. The MR findings, clinical features and arthroscopic findings were evaluated comparatively. (+info)
Arthroscopy of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. (5/1100)We carried out 12 arthroscopies of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in 11 patients over a five-year period. Their mean age was 30 years (15 to 58) and the mean duration of symptoms before surgery was eight months (1 to 24). Six patients had an injury to the joint; all had swelling and tenderness with a reduced range of movement. In six patients, radiographs revealed no abnormality. Under general anaesthesia with a tourniquet the hallux is suspended by a large Chinese finger trap to distract the joint. Using a 1.9 mm 30 degree oblique arthroscope the MTP joint is inspected through dorsomedial and dorsolateral portals with a medial portal if necessary. All patients were found to have intra-articular pathology, which was treated using small instruments. The mean follow-up was 19.3 months (6 to 62) and all patients had no or minimal pain, decreased swelling and an increased range of movement of the affected joint. (+info)
Mucoid cystic degeneration of the cruciate ligament. (6/1100)A 35-year-old man was seen with pain in the back of the knee. MRI showed a mass in the anterior cruciate ligament. Biopsy indicated mucoid degeneration. Arthroscopic resection of the ligament was carried out, with relief of symptoms. (+info)
Intra-articular primatised anti-CD4: efficacy in resistant rheumatoid knees. A study of combined arthroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, and histology. (7/1100)OBJECTIVES: CD4+ T cells sustain the chronic synovial inflammatory response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). SB-210396/CE 9.1 is an anti-CD4 monoclonal antibody that has documented efficacy in RA when given intravenously. This study aimed to establish the safety and efficacy of the intra-articular administration of SB-210396/CE 9.1 compared with placebo, examining its mode of action using a combined imaging approach of arthroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histology. METHODS: Thirteen RA patients with active, resistant knee synovitis, were randomised to intra-articular injection of placebo (n=3), 0.4 mg (n=3) or 40 mg (n=7) of anti-CD4 after sequential dynamic gadolinium enhanced MRI, followed by same day arthroscopy and synovial membrane biopsy. Imaging and arthroscopic synovial membrane sampling were repeated at six weeks. This study used a unique region of interest (ROI) analysis mapping the MRI area analysed to the specific biopsy site identified arthroscopically, thus providing data for all three modalities at the same synovial membrane site. RESULTS: 12 patients completed the study (one placebo treated patient refused further MRI). Arthroscopic improvement was observed in 0 of 2 placebo patients but in 10 of 10 patients receiving active drug (>20% in 6 of 10). Improvement in MRI was consistently observed in all patients of the 40 mg group but not in the other two groups. A reduction in SM CD4+ score was noted in the 40 mg group and in the 0.4 mg group. Strong correlations both before and after treatment, were identified between the three imaging modalities. Intra-articular delivery of SB-210396/CE 9.1 was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: SB-210396/CE 9.1 is safe when administered by intra-articular injection. A trend toward efficacy was found by coordinated MRI, arthroscopic, and histological imaging, not seen in the placebo group. The value of ROI analysis was demonstrated. (+info)
Peripheral effects of the kappa-opioid agonist EMD 61753 on pain and inflammation in rats and humans. (8/1100)The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of EMD 61753 (asimadoline), a kappa-opioid receptor agonist with restricted access to the central nervous system, on postoperative pain in patients who underwent knee surgery and on nociceptive thresholds and inflammation in rats treated with Freund's complete adjuvant. Patients treated with EMD 61753 (10 mg p.o.) tended to report an increase in pain, as evaluated by a visual analog scale and by the time to the first request for and the total amount of supplemental analgesic medication. The global tolerability of EMD 61753 was assessed as significantly inferior to that of a placebo by the investigator. In rats, the bilateral intraplantar (i.pl.) injection of EMD 61753 (0.1-3.2 mg) resulted in dose-dependent antinociception in both inflamed and noninflamed paws, with a peak at 5 min after injection, as evaluated by the paw pressure method. However, at later time points (1 h-4 days), a significant decrease in the paw pressure threshold was observed, confirming its tendency toward a hyperalgesic action in humans. This was accompanied by an increase in paw volume and paw temperature, with a peak at 6 h after injection. EMD 61753 (1.6 mg)-induced analgesia was blocked by the peripheral opioid receptor antagonist naloxone methiodide (2.5-10 mg/kg s.c.) and by the kappa receptor antagonist nor-binaltorphimine (0.1 mg; i.pl.). In contrast, EMD 61753 (1.6 mg)-induced hyperalgesia and increases in paw volume and paw temperature were blocked neither by naloxone methiodide (10-40 mg/kg s.c.) nor by dizocilpine maleate (0.003-0.009 mg i.pl.), a N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor antagonist. These data show differentially mediated peripheral actions of EMD 61753: kappa-opioid receptor-induced analgesia and nonopioid, non-N-methyl-D-aspartic acid hyperalgesic and proinflammatory effects. (+info)
1. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative condition that causes the breakdown of cartilage in the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in the joints, leading to pain, swelling, and deformity.
3. Gout: A condition caused by the buildup of uric acid in the joints, leading to sudden and severe attacks of pain, inflammation, and swelling.
4. Bursitis: Inflammation of the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion the joints and reduce friction between tendons and bones.
5. Tendinitis: Inflammation of the tendons, which connect muscles to bones.
6. Synovitis: Inflammation of the synovial membrane, a thin lining that covers the joints and lubricates them with fluid.
7. Periarthritis: Inflammation of the tissues around the joints, such as the synovial membrane, tendons, and ligaments.
8. Spondyloarthritis: A group of conditions that affect the spine and sacroiliac joints, leading to inflammation and pain in these areas.
9. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: A condition that affects children and causes inflammation and pain in the joints.
10. Systemic lupus erythematosus: An autoimmune disease that can affect many parts of the body, including the joints.
These are just a few examples of the many types of joint diseases that exist. Each type has its own unique symptoms and causes, and they can be caused by a variety of factors such as genetics, injury, infection, or age-related wear and tear. Treatment options for joint diseases can range from medication and physical therapy to surgery, depending on the severity of the condition and its underlying cause.
There are several common types of hip injuries that can occur, including:
1. Hip fractures: A break in the femur (thigh bone) or pelvis that can be caused by a fall or direct blow to the hip.
2. Muscle strains and tears: Injuries to the muscles and tendons surrounding the hip joint, often caused by overuse or sudden movement.
3. Ligament sprains: Injuries to the ligaments that connect bones together in the hip joint, often caused by twisting or bending movements.
4. Dislocations: When the ball of the femur becomes dislodged from the socket in the pelvis, causing pain and limited mobility.
5. Labral tears: Injuries to the cartilage that lines the edge of the hip joint, often caused by repetitive motion or trauma.
6. Osteonecrosis: Death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply, often caused by a condition called avascular necrosis.
7. Hip impingement: When the ball of the femur and the socket of the pelvis do not fit together properly, causing friction and pain.
8. Hip bursitis: Inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the joints and reduce friction, often caused by repetitive motion or trauma.
Symptoms of hip injuries can include pain, stiffness, limited mobility, swelling, and difficulty walking or standing. Treatment for hip injuries can range from conservative measures such as physical therapy, bracing, and medication to surgical interventions such as hip replacement or repair.
Some common types of cartilage diseases include:
1. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative condition that causes the breakdown of joint cartilage and bone damage.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and pain in the joints, including the cartilage.
3. Cartilage tears: Tears in the cartilage of a joint can cause pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.
4. Cartilage thinning: A condition where the cartilage becomes thinner over time, leading to joint pain and stiffness.
5. Chondrocalcinosis: A condition where calcium deposits form in the cartilage, causing pain and stiffness in the affected joint.
6. Chondromalacia patellae: A condition where the cartilage on the underside of the kneecap deteriorates, leading to pain and instability in the knee joint.
7. Osteochondritis dissecans: A condition where a piece of cartilage and bone becomes detached from the joint surface, causing pain and stiffness.
8. Paget's disease of bone: A condition where the bones become enlarged and deformed due to abnormal bone growth, which can affect the cartilage.
9. Bone spurs: Bony outgrowths that can form in response to injury or inflammation, and can cause pain and limited mobility.
10. Avascular necrosis: A condition where the blood supply to a bone is disrupted, leading to bone death and cartilage damage.
These are just a few examples of cartilage diseases. There are many other conditions that can affect the cartilage in different parts of the body. Treatment options for cartilage diseases vary depending on the specific condition and its severity, but may include medication, physical therapy, or surgery.
FAI is a common cause of hip pain in young adults and athletes who participate in high-impact activities such as running or jumping. It can also occur in older individuals as a result of wear and tear on the joint over time. The condition is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs, and patient history.
FAI can be classified into three types based on the location and severity of the impingement:
1. Cam impingement: This occurs when the femur is not properly positioned in the socket, causing the head of the femur to jam against the rim of the acetabulum.
2. Pincer impingement: This occurs when the acetabulum is too deep and covers the femur head, causing it to be pinched between the bone and soft tissue.
3. Combination impingement: This occurs when both cam and pincer impingements are present.
Treatment for FAI typically involves a combination of non-surgical and surgical options, depending on the severity of the condition and the individual patient's needs. Non-surgical treatment may include physical therapy to improve strength and range of motion, medication to reduce pain and inflammation, and lifestyle modifications such as avoiding activities that exacerbate the condition. Surgical options may include hip arthroscopy to remove any bone spurs or repair damaged tissue, or hip replacement surgery if the joint is severely damaged.
Joint loose bodies can cause a range of symptoms, including:
1. Pain: The most common symptom of joint loose bodies is pain, which can be exacerbated by movement or activity.
2. Limited mobility: Loose bodies can interfere with normal joint movement, leading to stiffness and limited range of motion.
3. Clicking or locking: As the loose body moves within the joint, it can cause a clicking or locking sensation.
4. Crepitus: The presence of loose bodies can create a grinding or crunching sound within the joint, known as crepitus.
Joint loose bodies are typically diagnosed through imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI. Treatment options vary depending on the severity and location of the loose body, but may include:
1. Conservative management: In mild cases, joint loose bodies may be managed with pain medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications.
2. Arthroscopy: A minimally invasive procedure in which a small camera is inserted into the joint to remove the loose body.
3. Open surgery: In more severe cases or when conservative management fails, open surgery may be necessary to remove the loose body and repair any damage to the surrounding tissue.
It's important to seek medical attention if you experience persistent pain or limited mobility in a joint, as untreated joint loose bodies can lead to further degeneration and decreased function over time.
1. Meniscal tears: The meniscus is a cartilage structure in the knee joint that can tear due to twisting or bending movements.
2. Ligament sprains: The ligaments that connect the bones of the knee joint can become stretched or torn, leading to instability and pain.
3. Torn cartilage: The articular cartilage that covers the ends of the bones in the knee joint can tear due to wear and tear or trauma.
4. Fractures: The bones of the knee joint can fracture as a result of a direct blow or fall.
5. Dislocations: The bones of the knee joint can become dislocated, causing pain and instability.
6. Patellar tendinitis: Inflammation of the tendon that connects the patella (kneecap) to the shinbone.
7. Iliotibial band syndrome: Inflammation of the iliotibial band, a ligament that runs down the outside of the thigh and crosses the knee joint.
8. Osteochondritis dissecans: A condition in which a piece of cartilage and bone becomes detached from the end of a bone in the knee joint.
9. Baker's cyst: A fluid-filled cyst that forms behind the knee, usually as a result of a tear in the meniscus or a knee injury.
Symptoms of knee injuries can include pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited mobility. Treatment for knee injuries depends on the severity of the injury and may range from conservative measures such as physical therapy and medication to surgical intervention.
There are different types of fractures that can occur in cartilage, including:
1. Fissure fractures: These are small cracks or splits in the cartilage.
2. Fracture-linear fractures: These are longer, more linear cracks in the cartilage.
3. Fracture-bucket handle fractures: These are fractures that have a central crack with two smaller cracks radiating from it, resembling a bucket handle.
4. Fracture-segmental fractures: These are fractures that involve the entire thickness of the cartilage and can be complete or incomplete.
Fractures, cartilage can be caused by a variety of factors, including trauma, sports injuries, degenerative conditions such as osteoarthritis, and systemic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Symptoms of fractures, cartilage can include pain, stiffness, limited mobility, and locking or catching sensations in the affected joint.
Diagnosis of fractures, cartilage is typically made through a combination of physical examination, imaging studies such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRI, and arthroscopy, which involves inserting a small camera into the joint to visualize the cartilage directly.
Treatment for fractures, cartilage depends on the severity of the injury and can include conservative measures such as rest, physical therapy, and medication, or surgical interventions such as repair or replacement of the damaged cartilage. In severe cases, fractures, cartilage may require joint fusion or replacement with an artificial joint.
There are several possible causes of synovitis, including:
1. Infection: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can cause synovitis.
2. Autoimmune disorders: Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and gout can cause chronic synovitis.
3. Overuse injuries: Repetitive strain injuries, such as those caused by repetitive jumping or throwing, can lead to synovitis in the affected joint.
4. Trauma: A sudden injury, such as a fall or a blow to the joint, can cause acute synovitis.
Symptoms of synovitis may include:
1. Pain: Pain is the most common symptom of synovitis, and it can range from mild to severe.
2. Swelling: The affected joint or limb may become swollen and warm to the touch.
3. Limited range of motion: Synovitis can cause stiffness and limited mobility in the affected joint.
4. Redness: The affected area may become red and inflamed.
5. Fever: In some cases, synovitis may be accompanied by a fever.
Treatment for synovitis depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. Conservative treatments such as rest, physical therapy, and anti-inflammatory medications are often effective in managing mild to moderate cases of synovitis. In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary.
In conclusion, synovitis is a common condition that can cause pain and limited mobility in the affected joint or limb. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent long-term damage and improve outcomes.
1. A ruptured Achilles tendon occurs when the tendon that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone is stretched too far and tears.
2. A ruptured appendix occurs when the appendix suddenly bursts, leading to infection and inflammation.
3. A ruptured aneurysm occurs when a weakened blood vessel bulges and bursts, leading to bleeding in the brain.
4. A ruptured eardrum occurs when there is sudden pressure on the eardrum, such as from an explosion or a blow to the head, which causes it to tear.
5. A ruptured ovarian cyst occurs when a fluid-filled sac on the ovary bursts, leading to pain and bleeding.
Symptoms of rupture can include sudden and severe pain, swelling, bruising, and bleeding. Treatment for rupture depends on the location and severity of the injury and may include surgery, medication, or other interventions.
There are several factors that can contribute to the development of chondromalacia patellae, including:
1. Overuse or repetitive strain on the knee joint, such as from running or jumping.
2. Poor alignment of the knee joint, which can cause uneven wear and tear on the cartilage.
3. Weak quadriceps muscles in the front of the thigh, which can cause the patella to shift out of its normal position and put pressure on the cartilage.
4. Abnormal tracking of the patella in the groove of the kneecap, which can cause the cartilage to become damaged.
5. Certain genetic factors that can affect the formation and maintenance of cartilage.
Symptoms of chondromalacia patellae may include:
1. Pain in the front of the knee, especially when walking up stairs or squatting.
2. Tenderness and swelling on the underside of the kneecap.
3. A grinding or clicking sensation in the knee joint.
4. Difficulty straightening the knee fully.
5. Pain that worsens with activity and improves with rest.
Treatment for chondromalacia patellae typically focuses on relieving pain and inflammation, and may include:
1. Rest and avoiding activities that exacerbate the condition.
2. Physical therapy to strengthen the quadriceps muscles and improve alignment of the knee joint.
3. Bracing or taping to help stabilize the kneecap.
4. Anti-inflammatory medications to reduce pain and swelling.
5. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the damaged cartilage.
It's important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the symptoms of chondromalacia patellae, as early treatment can help to slow the progression of the condition and improve outcomes.
Types of Wrist Injuries:
1. Sprains and Strains: These are common wrist injuries that occur when the ligaments or muscles are stretched or torn due to sudden movements or overuse.
2. Fractures: A fracture is a break in one or more of the bones in the wrist, which can be caused by a fall onto an outstretched hand or by a direct blow to the wrist.
3. Tendinitis: This is inflammation of the tendons, which connect muscles to bones. Wrist tendinitis can occur due to repetitive movements such as typing or gripping.
4. Carpal tunnel syndrome: This is a condition where the median nerve, which runs down the arm and into the hand through a narrow passageway in the wrist, becomes compressed or pinched. It can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and wrist.
5. Wrist fracture-dislocations: This is a type of injury where a bone in the wrist is broken and displaced from its normal position.
6. Ganglion cysts: These are non-cancerous lumps that can develop on the top of the wrist, usually due to repetitive movement or inflammation.
7. De Quervain's tenosynovitis: This is a condition that affects the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist, causing pain and stiffness in the wrist and thumb.
Symptoms of Wrist Injuries:
4. Limited mobility or stiffness
5. Difficulty gripping or grasping objects
6. Numbness or tingling in the hand or fingers
7. Weakness in the wrist or hand
Treatment of Wrist Injuries:
The treatment for wrist injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can range from conservative methods such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to surgical intervention. Some common treatments include:
1. Immobilization: A cast or splint may be used to immobilize the wrist and allow it to heal.
2. Physical therapy: Gentle exercises and stretches can help improve mobility and strength in the wrist.
3. Medications: Pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, or steroid injections may be prescribed to manage pain and inflammation.
4. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissue or realign bones.
5. Rest: Avoid activities that aggravate the injury and give your wrist time to heal.
6. Ice: Apply ice to the affected area to reduce pain and inflammation.
7. Compression: Use a compression bandage to help reduce swelling.
8. Elevation: Keep your hand elevated above the level of your heart to reduce swelling.
It's important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms:
* Severe pain that doesn't improve with medication
* Swelling or bruising that gets worse over time
* Difficulty moving your wrist or fingers
* Deformity or abnormal alignment of the wrist
* Numbness or tingling in your hand or fingers
* Weakness or difficulty gripping objects
If you suspect that you have a wrist injury, it's important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. A healthcare professional can evaluate your symptoms and provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.
There are several types of joint instability, including:
1. Ligamentous laxity: A condition where the ligaments surrounding a joint become stretched or torn, leading to instability.
2. Capsular laxity: A condition where the capsule, a thin layer of connective tissue that surrounds a joint, becomes stretched or torn, leading to instability.
3. Muscular imbalance: A condition where the muscles surrounding a joint are either too weak or too strong, leading to instability.
4. Osteochondral defects: A condition where there is damage to the cartilage and bone within a joint, leading to instability.
5. Post-traumatic instability: A condition that develops after a traumatic injury to a joint, such as a dislocation or fracture.
Joint instability can be caused by various factors, including:
1. Trauma: A sudden and forceful injury to a joint, such as a fall or a blow.
2. Overuse: Repeated stress on a joint, such as from repetitive motion or sports activities.
3. Genetics: Some people may be born with joint instability due to inherited genetic factors.
4. Aging: As we age, our joints can become less stable due to wear and tear on the cartilage and other tissues.
5. Disease: Certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, can cause joint instability.
Symptoms of joint instability may include:
1. Pain: A sharp, aching pain in the affected joint, especially with movement.
2. Stiffness: Limited range of motion and stiffness in the affected joint.
3. Swelling: Swelling and inflammation in the affected joint.
4. Instability: A feeling of looseness or instability in the affected joint.
5. Crepitus: Grinding or crunching sensations in the affected joint.
Treatment for joint instability depends on the underlying cause and may include:
1. Rest and ice: Resting the affected joint and applying ice to reduce pain and swelling.
2. Physical therapy: Strengthening the surrounding muscles to support the joint and improve stability.
3. Bracing: Using a brace or splint to provide support and stability to the affected joint.
4. Medications: Anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, to reduce pain and inflammation.
5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or reconstruct the damaged tissues and improve joint stability.
The exact cause of ganglion cysts is unknown, but they may be caused by a defect in the joint or tendon that allows the sac to form. They can also be inherited, as some people are more prone to developing ganglion cysts based on their genetic makeup.
Ganglion cysts can be diagnosed with a physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans. Treatment options for ganglion cysts include:
* Watchful waiting: If the cyst is not causing any symptoms, doctors may choose to monitor it closely without treatment.
* Aspiration: A needle can be inserted into the cyst to drain the fluid and collapse the sac. This is a simple and relatively painless procedure that can be done in a doctor's office or clinic.
* Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the cyst. This is usually performed if the cyst is causing symptoms or if other treatments have not been effective.
It's important to note that ganglion cysts can come back after treatment, so it's possible that they may need to be monitored and treated again in the future. It's also important to seek medical attention if a ganglion cyst becomes inflamed or infected, as this can lead to complications such as infection or nerve damage.
The word "arthralgia" comes from the Greek words "arthron," meaning joint, and "algos," meaning pain. It is often used interchangeably with the term "joint pain," but arthralgia specifically refers to a type of pain that is not caused by inflammation or injury.
Arthralgia can manifest in different ways, including:
1. Aching or dull pain in one or more joints
2. Sharp or stabbing pain in one or more joints
3. Pain that worsens with movement or weight-bearing activity
4. Pain that improves with rest
5. Pain that is localized to one joint or multiple joints
6. Pain that is accompanied by stiffness or limited range of motion
7. Pain that is worse in the morning or after periods of rest
8. Pain that is triggered by certain activities or movements
The diagnosis of arthralgia typically involves a comprehensive medical history and physical examination, as well as diagnostic tests such as X-rays, blood tests, or imaging studies. Treatment for arthralgia depends on the underlying cause and may include medications, lifestyle modifications, or other interventions.
There are many different types of ankle injuries, ranging from mild sprains and strains to more severe fractures and dislocations. Some common causes of ankle injuries include:
* Rolling or twisting the ankle
* Landing awkwardly on the foot
* Direct blows to the ankle
* Overuse or repetitive motion
Symptoms of an ankle injury can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but may include:
* Pain and tenderness in the ankle area
* Swelling and bruising
* Difficulty moving the ankle or putting weight on it
* Instability or a feeling of the ankle giving way
* Limited range of motion
Ankle injuries can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs, and other diagnostic procedures. Treatment for ankle injuries may include:
* Rest and ice to reduce swelling and pain
* Compression bandages to help stabilize the ankle
* Elevation of the injured ankle to reduce swelling
* Physical therapy exercises to strengthen the muscles around the ankle and improve range of motion
* Bracing or taping to provide support and stability
* In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged ligaments or bones.
It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as untreated ankle injuries can lead to chronic pain, instability, and limited mobility. With proper treatment and care, however, many people are able to recover from ankle injuries and return to their normal activities without long-term complications.
This condition typically occurs in the joints of children and adolescents, although it can also affect adults. It is caused by a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, or genetics.
Osteochondritis can cause symptoms such as pain, stiffness, limited mobility, and locking or catching sensations within the affected joint. Treatment options may include rest, physical therapy, and medication, as well as surgery in severe cases.
In medicine, cadavers are used for a variety of purposes, such as:
1. Anatomy education: Medical students and residents learn about the human body by studying and dissecting cadavers. This helps them develop a deeper understanding of human anatomy and improves their surgical skills.
2. Research: Cadavers are used in scientific research to study the effects of diseases, injuries, and treatments on the human body. This helps scientists develop new medical techniques and therapies.
3. Forensic analysis: Cadavers can be used to aid in the investigation of crimes and accidents. By examining the body and its injuries, forensic experts can determine cause of death, identify suspects, and reconstruct events.
4. Organ donation: After death, cadavers can be used to harvest organs and tissues for transplantation into living patients. This can improve the quality of life for those with organ failure or other medical conditions.
5. Medical training simulations: Cadavers can be used to simulate real-life medical scenarios, allowing healthcare professionals to practice their skills in a controlled environment.
In summary, the term "cadaver" refers to the body of a deceased person and is used in the medical field for various purposes, including anatomy education, research, forensic analysis, organ donation, and medical training simulations.
The risk of developing osteoarthritis of the knee increases with age, obesity, and previous knee injuries or surgery. Symptoms of knee OA can include:
* Pain and stiffness in the knee, especially after activity or extended periods of standing or sitting
* Swelling and redness in the knee
* Difficulty moving the knee through its full range of motion
* Crunching or grinding sensations when the knee is bent or straightened
* Instability or a feeling that the knee may give way
Treatment for knee OA typically includes a combination of medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications. Medications such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, and corticosteroids can help manage symptoms, while physical therapy can improve joint mobility and strength. Lifestyle modifications, such as weight loss, regular exercise, and avoiding activities that exacerbate the condition, can also help slow the progression of the disease. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the damaged joint.
Word in the news:
A recent study published in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery found that hemarthrosis is a common complication of knee replacement surgery, occurring in up to 20% of patients. Researchers recommend that patients be carefully monitored for signs of hemarthrosis after surgery and receive prompt treatment to minimize the risk of long-term joint damage.
Treatment for shoulder impingement syndrome may include rest, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, and corticosteroid injections. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove bone spurs or inflamed tissue.
Symptoms of shoulder impingement syndrome may include:
* Pain in the shoulder, especially when lifting the arm or performing overhead activities
* Stiffness and limited mobility in the shoulder joint
* Crepitus (a grinding or cracking sensation) when moving the shoulder
* Weakness or fatigue in the shoulder muscles
* Decreased range of motion in the shoulder joint.
Diagnosis of shoulder impingement syndrome is typically made through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs, and patient history. Treatment is tailored to the individual case and may involve a combination of non-surgical and surgical interventions.
In conclusion, shoulder impingement syndrome is a common condition that can cause pain, stiffness, and limited mobility in the shoulder joint. Treatment options range from rest and physical therapy to surgery, and are tailored to the individual case. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to improve outcomes for patients with this condition.
The exact cause of PFPS is not well understood, but several factors are thought to contribute to its development. These include:
1) Overuse or repetitive strain on the knee joint, particularly during activities that involve bending or squatting.
2) Poor alignment of the kneecap in the groove of the femur (trochlear dysplasia), which can lead to abnormal pressure on the underside of the patella.
3) Weak quadriceps muscles, which can cause excessive stress on the patellar tendon and lead to pain.
4) Tight or inflexible soft tissues, particularly the iliotibial (IT) band, which can pull the kneecap out of alignment and cause pain.
Symptoms of PFPS typically include:
1) Pain in the front of the knee, usually around the kneecap.
2) Tenderness or swelling in the patellar tendon or the kneecap.
3) Pain or stiffness when bending or straightening the knee.
4) A grinding or clicking sensation in the knee joint.
Treatment for PFPS typically involves a combination of physical therapy, bracing, and medication. Physical therapy may include exercises to strengthen the quadriceps and hamstring muscles, as well as stretching and flexibility exercises to improve patellar alignment and reduce tension in the IT band. Bracing may involve wearing a knee brace or patellar stabilizer to help realign the kneecap and reduce pressure on the patellar tendon. Medication may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroid injections to reduce pain and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the kneecap or repair damaged tissue.
Preventing PFPS involves taking steps to reduce stress on the patellar tendon and prevent overuse of the knee joint. This can include:
1) Warming up before exercise or athletic activity with stretching and light cardio.
2) Using proper technique and form during exercise or athletic activity.
3) Gradually increasing intensity and duration of exercise or athletic activity over time.
4) Strengthening the quadriceps and hamstring muscles through exercises like squats, lunges, and leg press.
5) Wearing properly fitting shoes with good arch support and cushioning.
There are several types of tendon injuries, including:
1. Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon, often caused by repetitive strain or overuse.
2. Tendon rupture: A complete tear of a tendon, which can be caused by trauma or degenerative conditions such as rotator cuff tears in the shoulder.
3. Tendon strain: A stretch or tear of a tendon, often caused by acute injury or overuse.
4. Tendon avulsion: A condition where a tendon is pulled away from its attachment point on a bone.
Symptoms of tendon injuries can include pain, swelling, redness, and limited mobility in the affected area. Treatment options depend on the severity of the injury and may include rest, physical therapy, medication, or surgery. Preventive measures such as proper warm-up and cool-down exercises, stretching, and using appropriate equipment can help reduce the risk of tendon injuries.
1. The star quarterback suffered a serious athletic injury during last night's game and is out for the season.
2. The athlete underwent surgery to repair a torn ACL, one of the most common athletic injuries in high-impact sports.
3. The coach emphasized the importance of proper technique to prevent athletic injuries among his team members.
4. After suffering a minor sprain, the runner was advised to follow the RICE method to recover and return to competition as soon as possible.
There are two main types of shoulder dislocations:
1. Shoulder dislocation: This occurs when the ball at the top of the humerus is forced out of its socket in the scapula.
2. Multidirectional instability (MDI): This occurs when the connections between the humerus, scapula, and collarbone (clavicle) are loose or unstable, causing the shoulder to dislocate in multiple directions.
Symptoms of a shoulder dislocation may include:
* Severe pain in your shoulder
* Swelling and bruising around your shoulder
* Difficulty moving your arm or putting weight on it
* A visible deformity in your shoulder
If you suspect that you have a shoulder dislocation, it's important to seek medical attention right away. Your doctor may perform an X-ray or other imaging tests to confirm the diagnosis and determine the severity of the dislocation. Treatment options for a shoulder dislocation may include:
* Reduction: This is a procedure where your doctor manipulates the bones back into their proper position.
* Immobilization: Your arm may be immobilized in a sling or brace to allow the joint to heal.
* Physical therapy: After the initial injury has healed, physical therapy can help improve range of motion and strength in your shoulder.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair any damage to the surrounding tissues or to realign the bones. It's important to follow your doctor's recommendations for treatment and rehabilitation to ensure proper healing and prevent future complications.
The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint that connects the thigh bone (femur) to the pelvis. In a healthy hip joint, the smooth cartilage on the ends of the bones allows for easy movement and reduced friction. However, when the cartilage wears down due to age or injury, the bones can rub together, causing pain and stiffness.
Hip OA is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is more common in older adults, but it can also occur in younger people due to injuries or genetic factors. Women are more likely to develop hip OA than men, especially after the age of 50.
The symptoms of hip OA can vary, but they may include:
* Pain or stiffness in the groin or hip area
* Limited mobility or range of motion in the hip joint
* Cracking or grinding sounds when moving the hip joint
* Pain or discomfort when walking, standing, or engaging in other activities
If left untreated, hip OA can lead to further joint damage and disability. However, there are several treatment options available, including medications, physical therapy, and surgery, that can help manage the symptoms and slow down the progression of the disease.
There are two types of patellar dislocations:
1. Lateral dislocation: The patella slides out of the groove laterally (to the side).
2. Medial dislocation: The patella slides out of the groove medially (toward the middle).
Patellar dislocation can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
1. Trauma: A direct blow to the knee can cause the patella to dislocate.
2. Overuse: Repetitive stress on the knee joint can weaken the ligaments and tendons that hold the patella in place, leading to dislocation.
3. Muscle imbalance: Weak or tight muscles around the knee can cause the patella to slip out of its groove.
4. Anatomical factors: Some people may have a naturally shallow groove for the patella, making it more susceptible to dislocation.
Symptoms of patellar dislocation may include:
1. Pain in the knee, especially when straightening it
2. Swelling and bruising around the knee
3. Difficulty bending or straightening the knee
4. A feeling of instability in the knee
Diagnosis is typically made through a combination of physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs. Treatment for patellar dislocation may include:
1. Rest and ice to reduce pain and swelling
2. Physical therapy to strengthen the muscles around the knee
3. Bracing or taping to help keep the patella in place
4. Medication to relieve pain and inflammation
5. Surgery in more severe cases or if other treatments are unsuccessful.
It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as untreated patellar dislocation can lead to complications such as chronic instability, arthritis, or meniscal tears.
Postoperative pain is typically managed with pain medication, which may include opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or other types of medications. The goal of managing postoperative pain is to provide effective pain relief while minimizing the risk of complications such as addiction, constipation, or nausea and vomiting.
In addition to medication, other techniques for managing postoperative pain may include breathing exercises, relaxation techniques, and alternative therapies such as acupuncture or massage. It is important for patients to communicate with their healthcare provider about the severity of their pain and any side effects they experience from medication, in order to provide effective pain management and minimize complications.
Postoperative pain can be categorized into several different types, including:
* Acute pain: This type of pain is intense but short-lived, typically lasting for a few days or weeks after surgery.
* Chronic pain: This type of pain persists for longer than 3 months after surgery and can be more challenging to manage.
* Neuropathic pain: This type of pain is caused by damage to nerves and can be characterized by burning, shooting, or stabbing sensations.
* Visceral pain: This type of pain originates in the internal organs and can be referred to other areas of the body, such as the back or abdomen.
The exact cause of SPV is not known, but it is believed to be associated with genetic mutations or environmental triggers such as trauma or infection. The condition typically affects large joints such as the knees, hips, and elbows, and can also occur in the wrists and ankles.
Symptoms of SPV can include:
* Pain and stiffness in the affected joint, which can be exacerbated by activity or changes in weather
* Swelling and redness in the joint
* Limited range of motion in the joint
* Presence of pigmented villous projections within the synovial membrane, which can be visible on physical examination or imaging studies such as X-rays or MRI.
Diagnosis of SPV is based on a combination of clinical findings, imaging studies, and histopathology. Treatment options for SPV include:
* Pain management with medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroids
* Physical therapy to improve joint mobility and strength
* Surgical removal of the pigmented villous projections, which can provide relief of symptoms in some cases.
Prognosis for SPV is generally good, with most patients experiencing resolution of symptoms and preservation of joint function over time. However, in rare cases, the condition can progress to more severe forms of arthritis or other complications.
A type of arthritis that is caused by an infection in the joint, typically bacterial or viral. The most common form of infectious arthritis is Lyme disease, which is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted through the bite of an infected blacklegged tick. Other types of infectious arthritis include septic arthritis (caused by bacterial infection) and reactive arthritis (caused by a bacterial or viral infection in another part of the body).
Symptoms: Pain, swelling, redness, warmth, and limited range of motion in the affected joint. Fever may also be present.
Diagnosis: A diagnosis is made based on symptoms, physical examination, blood tests (such as a complete blood count or a polymerase chain reaction test to detect the presence of bacteria or viruses), and imaging studies (such as X-rays or ultrasound).
Treatment: Treatment typically involves antibiotics to eradicate the infection, as well as medication to manage symptoms such as pain and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissue or joints.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative condition that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joints breaks down over time, causing the bones to rub together. It is the most common form of arthritis and typically affects older adults.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune condition that occurs when the body's immune system attacks the lining of the joints, leading to inflammation and pain. It can affect anyone, regardless of age, and is typically seen in women.
Other types of arthritis include psoriatic arthritis, gouty arthritis, and lupus-related arthritis. Treatment for arthritis depends on the type and severity of the condition, but can include medications such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Physical therapy and lifestyle changes, such as exercise and weight loss, can also be helpful. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged joints.
Arthritis is a leading cause of disability worldwide, affecting over 50 million adults in the United States alone. It can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life, making everyday activities such as walking, dressing, and grooming difficult and painful. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease.
Types: There are several types of arm injuries, including:
1. Fractures: A break in one or more bones of the arm.
2. Sprains: Stretching or tearing of ligaments that connect bones to other tissues.
3. Strains: Tears in muscles or tendons.
4. Dislocations: When a bone is forced out of its normal position in the joint.
5. Tendinitis: Inflammation of the tendons, which can cause pain and stiffness in the arm.
6. Bursitis: Inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the joints and reduce friction.
7. Cuts or lacerations: Open wounds on the skin or other tissues of the arm.
8. Burns: Damage to the skin and underlying tissues caused by heat, chemicals, or electricity.
9. Nerve injuries: Damage to the nerves that control movement and sensation in the arm.
10. Infections: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections that can affect any part of the arm.
Symptoms: The symptoms of arm injuries can vary depending on the type and severity of the injury. Some common symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, limited mobility, deformity, and difficulty moving the arm.
Diagnosis: A healthcare professional will typically perform a physical examination and may use imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI to diagnose arm injuries.
Treatment: Treatment for arm injuries can range from conservative methods such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to surgical interventions. The goal of treatment is to relieve pain, promote healing, and restore function to the affected arm.
The exact cause of OD is not fully understood, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It can occur as a result of repetitive trauma or injury to the joint, such as from sports or other physical activities, or it may develop gradually over time without any specific incident.
Symptoms of OD can include:
* Pain in the affected joint, which may be exacerbated by activity or movement
* Swelling and stiffness in the joint
* Limited range of motion in the joint
* A popping or snapping sensation in the joint
To diagnose OD, a healthcare provider will typically perform a physical examination of the affected joint and order imaging tests, such as X-rays or an MRI, to confirm the presence of the condition. Treatment for OD depends on the severity of the condition and may include:
* Rest and avoidance of activities that exacerbate the condition
* Physical therapy to improve joint mobility and strength
* Medications such as pain relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs to manage symptoms
* Surgery in more severe cases to repair or remove the damaged cartilage and bone.
Symptoms of lacerations can include pain, bleeding, swelling, and redness around the affected area. In some cases, lacerations may also be accompanied by other injuries, such as fractures or internal bleeding.
Diagnosis of lacerations is typically made through a physical examination of the wound and surrounding tissue. Imaging tests, such as X-rays or CT scans, may be ordered to assess the extent of the injury and identify any underlying complications.
Treatment for lacerations depends on the severity of the wound and can range from simple cleaning and bandaging to more complex procedures such as suturing or stapling. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to prevent infection. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time, as untreated lacerations can lead to infection, scarring, and other complications.
In the medical field, lacerations are often classified based on their location and severity. Common types of lacerations include:
* Linear lacerations: These are straight cuts that occur along a single line.
* Blunt trauma lacerations: These are caused by blunt force, such as from a fall or collision.
* Avulsion lacerations: These occur when skin is torn away from underlying tissue, often due to a sharp object.
* Torn lacerations: These are caused by a sudden and forceful stretching of the skin, such as from a sports injury.
Overall, the medical field recognizes lacerations as a common type of injury that can have significant consequences if not properly treated. Prompt and appropriate treatment can help to minimize the risk of complications and ensure proper healing.
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Arthroscopy Association of North America
International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
Posterior cruciate ligament
Knee cartilage replacement therapy
Ulnar collateral ligament injury of the elbow
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Endoscopic carpal tunnel release
Dead arm syndrome
McLaren-Greater Lansing Hospital
Health On the Net Foundation
Autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis
Lateral release (surgery)
Stem cell transplantation for articular cartilage repair
Wrist arthroscopy: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Ankle Arthroscopy: Background, Indications, Contraindications
Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Knee arthroscopy Information | Mount Sinai - New York
Arthroscopy techniques. - NLM Catalog - NCBI
13th Congress Meeting of the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine | Cape Town |...
Applying CPT® Changes in Shoulder Arthroscopy : Compliance Training Webinar (Online Seminar) - ComplianceOnline.com
Ankle arthroscopy: outcome in 79 consecutive patients. | Scholars@Duke
knee arthroscopy - Evidence Network
Hindfoot Arthroscopy | Ankle Platform
Tranexamic Acid use in Knee and Shoulder Arthroscopy Leads to Improved Outcomes and Fewer Hemarthrosis-Related Complications: A...
Arthrex - Cup Curette, Nano Arthroscopy, 7 cm - AR-1091CC-70-1
Knee Arthroscopy | White Plains Hospital Physician Associates
Jaw Joint Arthroscopy | Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust
Osteoarthritis shoulder surgery: What to expect, benefits, risks
Indian Arthroscopy Society
Outcomes After Repair of Chronic Bucket-Handle Tears of Medial Meniscus - Arthroscopy
Ankle arthroscopy - Instituto Cugat
Arthroscopy - OrthopaedicsOne Articles - OrthopaedicsOne
Arthroscopy - Scottsdale Veterinary Hospital
arthroscopy - The Oceanside Animals
Knee arthroscopy in Tunisia
TMD (Temporomandibular Disorders) | National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
Arthroscopy Archives | Santa Rosa Orthopaedics
Elbow Dysplasia & Arthroscopy<...
Shoulder arthroscopy medical appointments in
Acute Compartment Syndrome Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Renal Protection, Indications for Fasciotomy
Videos - Procedure - Knee Arthroscopy | DrugsUpdate India
- Patients undergoing arthroscopy, particularly arthroscopic meniscectomy, arthroscopic-assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, with TXA can be expected to experience improved outcomes and less hemarthrosis-related complications in the early postoperative period when compared to non-TXA patients. (physiciansweekly.com)
- Wrist arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera and surgical tools to examine or repair the tissues inside or around your wrist. (medlineplus.gov)
- Knee arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera to look inside your knee. (mountsinai.org)
- Knee arthroscopy is surgery that is done to check for problems, using a tiny camera to see inside your knee. (mountsinai.org)
- Issues related to research and patient care in arthroscopy, knee surgery and orthopaedic sports medicine will also be discussed. (southafrica.net)
- Arthroscopy is one of the greatest advances in orthopedic surgery. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- Knee Arthroscopy is a form of minimally invasive surgery that is performed in order to address, or assist, intra-articular pathology within the knee. (jplrc.com)
- Both of these are extremely common following any knee arthroscopy procedure, but you should always notify your physician immediately if either the swelling or pain fall outside of the expected parameters as they were explained to you by your treating surgeon after the surgery. (jplrc.com)
- Arthroscopy may be preferred to other, more invasive types of surgery due to factors such as a quicker recovery time. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Arthroscopy is considered a minimally invasive surgery. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- These fees include the initial consultation, a CT scan of both elbows, anaesthesia, surgery (arthroscopy) and hospitalisation charges. (andersonmoores.com)
Advantages of arthroscopy1
- What are the advantages of arthroscopy? (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- This book has brought the experts in the field of the arthroscopy who have written the chapters concerning various regions viz Temporomandibular joint, Shoulder, Wrist, Lumbar Spine, Knee, Ankle, and the Subtalar Joint. (merlot.org)
- Ankle arthroscopy can be useful in treating a variety of intra-articular disorders, which may be caused by trauma or by degenerative, inflammatory, or neoplastic conditions. (medscape.com)
- As the indications for ankle arthroscopy have increased, so has its usage. (medscape.com)
- Ankle arthroscopy is also useful for treating syndesmosis disruptions, evaluating and treating posterior malleolar fractures of the tibial plafond, and facilitating removal of debris and reduction of talus fractures. (medscape.com)
- Arthroscopy is indicated for definitive diagnosis of certain soft-tissue disorders when the exact etiology of ankle symptoms remains unclear, as well as for treatment of a variety of ankle disorders, usually after conservative measures have failed. (medscape.com)
- Ankle arthroscopy: outcome in 79 consecutive patients. (duke.edu)
- Seventy-nine consecutive ankle arthroscopies were analyzed at a minimum 2-year follow-up to evaluate the risks and benefits of the procedure. (duke.edu)
- There were three significant neurological complications from ankle arthroscopy in this series. (duke.edu)
- Ankle arthroscopy appears to be a relatively low-risk procedure with substantial benefits, particularly in localized disease of the ankle joint. (duke.edu)
- Ankle arthroscopy is a surgical technique that allows us to visualize the joint structures of the ankle with relative ease. (institutocugat.com)
- Ankle arthroscopy allows you to avoid some complex and invasive surgeries. (institutocugat.com)
- In the long term this can cause reduced mobility and progressive pain, in these cases, ankle arthroscopy can play an essential role in debridement and arthrolysis, regaining mobility. (institutocugat.com)
- Ankle arthroscopy allows for a short hospital stay, low levels of pain and early return to activities. (institutocugat.com)
- Coding for shoulder arthroscopy can be difficult and confusing but the 2021 CPT® changes may help to make it a little easier. (complianceonline.com)
- Through the last several years there have been several changes applied to coding for shoulder arthroscopy. (complianceonline.com)
- There have also been changes to the National Correct Coding Initiative Edits (NCCI) that have changed the way shoulder arthroscopy codes can be applied. (complianceonline.com)
- For 2021 there have been two major changes to the codes associated with shoulder arthroscopy in addition to the confusion many have on the correct reporting of these codes. (complianceonline.com)
- Shoulder arthroscopy is performed frequently in the orthopaedic practice. (complianceonline.com)
- Tranexamic Acid use in Knee and Shoulder Arthroscopy Leads to Improved Outcomes and Fewer Hemarthrosis-Related Complications: A Systematic Review of Level I and II Studies. (physiciansweekly.com)
- The main types include arthroscopy and total shoulder replacement. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive operation that involves making a small incision in the skin and inserting a small camera inside the shoulder joint. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Courses will be based on Basic & Advanced Knee & Shoulder Arthroscopy Modules. (indianarthroscopy.co.in)
- Arthroscopy has also been used in veterinary medicine to treat conditions including medial shoulder instability, elbow dysplasia, and biceps tendon injuries. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- METHODS: Between 2000 and 2004, 363 patients underwent a physical examination followed by shoulder arthroscopy. (cdc.gov)
- Osteoarthritis can result in painful bone fragments called osteophytes which can be removed be removed using arthroscopy. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- Arthroscopy is an important diagnostic and therapeutic technique for management of disorders of the joints. (medscape.com)
- Forty-four arthroscopies were performed for therapeutic reasons only, whereas 35 were performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. (duke.edu)
- Discharged the same day or the next day if diagnostic arthroscopy, generally 3/4 days later if therapeutic procedure (reconstruction of a particular ligament). (tunisie-esthetic.com)
- Knee arthroscopy, a mainly therapeutic procedure today, has become a routine technique for many surgeons. (tunisie-esthetic.com)
Visualize the joint1
- With arthroscopy, the surgeon can visualize the joint and repair it all in one procedure. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- There were diagnostic benefits in 27 of 35 (77%) of ankles in which the diagnosis was clarified by the arthroscopy. (duke.edu)
- Diagnostic imaging of the affected joint, such as radiographs, may be recommended before arthroscopy. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- Ultimately, arthroscopy can be used as a superior diagnostic tool, as the inside of the joint can be seen by your veterinarian and an appropriate treatment plan can be made. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- As well as providing valuable diagnostic information about the elbow, arthroscopy also allows minimally-invasive treatment of coronoid disease. (andersonmoores.com)
- Nous avons examiné les dossiers de 56 patients ayant eu un diagnostic de fièvre méditerranéenne familiale et suivis au Centre médical Roi Hussein en Jordanie sur une période de 4 ans afin d'étudier leur profil clinique, l'évolution de la maladie, le génotype, le traitement et les complications. (who.int)
- Our standard protocol at Anderson Moores is therefore to advise CT and arthroscopy to fully evaluate the elbow. (andersonmoores.com)
- A systematic review according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was performed by searching the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases to locate randomized controlled trials comparing the clinical outcomes and postoperative complications of patients undergoing arthroscopy with and without TXA. (physiciansweekly.com)
- Five studies (2 Level I, 3 Level II) met inclusion criteria, including a total of 299 patients undergoing arthroscopy with TXA and 299 patients without TXA. (physiciansweekly.com)
- En ce qui concerne le traitement, 97 % des patients répondaient bien à la colchicine et une amyloïdose n'a été documentée chez aucun des patients après un suivi de 5 ans. (who.int)
- Arthroscopy is considered a low-risk procedure with a low rate of complications. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- What are the risks associated with arthroscopy? (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- Because these the skin incisions are small, and the blood flow around the knee is typically quite good, it is very unusual to develop an infection following an arthroscopy. (jplrc.com)
- Unlike open surgeries, knee arthroscopy comes with minimal scarring. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- All arthroscopies were performed over a 2-year period by a single surgeon using the same nonskeletal traction technique. (duke.edu)
- Using arthroscopy, your surgeon can look inside the joint. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- Knee arthroscopy allows the surgeon to see and repair structures within the joint. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- Arthroscopy helps surgeons see things that were not clear during previous tests. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- If you are interested in reading more about Knee Arthroscopy, please refer to the Patient Information page that has been provided by the AAOS (American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons) which can be accessed by clicking here . (jplrc.com)
- Recovery from a knee arthroscopy typically takes between four to six weeks. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- Arthroscopy is a procedure used in veterinary and human medicine to diagnosis and treat various joint diseases. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- Arthroscopy differs from opening the knee joint through traditional surgical methods. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- What is a jaw joint arthroscopy? (hey.nhs.uk)
- Why do I need a jaw joint arthroscopy? (hey.nhs.uk)
- How do I prepare for the joint jaw arthroscopy? (hey.nhs.uk)
- With arthroscopy, the patient is sedated or anesthetized and a small incision the size of a buttonhole is made in the joint through which the arthroscope is inserted. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- The joint may not need to be fully opened with arthroscopy and only one to two small holes are made in the joint. (scottsdalevethospital.com)
- Arthroscopy is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure where small endoscopes are passed into the joint allowing the cartilaginous joint surfaces to be visualised on a monitor. (andersonmoores.com)
- Arthroscopy therefore allows accurate assessment of the joint surfaces for cartilage wear which often affects the coronoid process and sometimes also the opposite joint surface on the humeral condyle. (andersonmoores.com)
- With arthroscopy the area through which this nerve passes can be made larger to relieve the pressure and pain. (medlineplus.gov)
- Arthroscopy can repair damage of the TFCC. (medlineplus.gov)
- Arthroscopy can help treat symptoms in milder cases of arthritis. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw in Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review. (lww.com)
- Arthroscopy has had several beneficial effects especially in terms of reduction of morbidity and reducing and in many cases eliminating the need for hospitalization. (merlot.org)
- Studies show that the combination of CT with arthroscopy will identify more lesions of the coronoid process than either technique alone. (andersonmoores.com)
- This is where working with a great team who can use knee arthroscopy to your advantage comes into play. (wphphysicianassociates.org)
- We are happy to announce that SRMC will be conducting a round the year Arthroscopy Cadaver skills lab starting this March 3 & 4th. (indianarthroscopy.co.in)
- Arthroscopy techniques. (nih.gov)
- Arthroscopy is one of the best ways to diagnose and treat certain conditions of the knee. (wphphysicianassociates.org)