Arthropod Proteins: Proteins synthesized by organisms belonging to the phylum ARTHROPODA. Included in this heading are proteins from the subdivisions ARACHNIDA; CRUSTACEA; and HORSESHOE CRABS. Note that a separate heading for INSECT PROTEINS is listed under this heading.Arthropods: Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.Arthropod Vectors: Arthropods, other than insects and arachnids, which transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.Spiders: Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)Crustacea: A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).Arachnida: A class of Arthropoda that includes SPIDERS; TICKS; MITES; and SCORPIONS.Wolbachia: A genus of bacteria comprised of a heterogenous group of gram-negative small rods and coccoid forms associated with arthropods. (From Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol 1, 1984)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Arthropod Venoms: Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Scorpions: Arthropods of the order Scorpiones, of which 1500 to 2000 species have been described. The most common live in tropical or subtropical areas. They are nocturnal and feed principally on insects and other arthropods. They are large arachnids but do not attack man spontaneously. They have a venomous sting. Their medical significance varies considerably and is dependent on their habits and venom potency rather than on their size. At most, the sting is equivalent to that of a hornet but certain species possess a highly toxic venom potentially fatal to humans. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, p417; Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p503)Annelida: A phylum of metazoan invertebrates comprising the segmented worms, and including marine annelids (POLYCHAETA), freshwater annelids, earthworms (OLIGOCHAETA), and LEECHES. Only the leeches are of medical interest. (Dorland, 27th ed)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Tribolium: A genus of small beetles of the family Tenebrionidae; T. confusum is the "confused flour beetle".Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Isopoda: One of the largest orders of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 10,000 species. Like AMPHIPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Amphipoda, they possess abdominal pleopods (modified as gills) and their bodies are dorsoventrally flattened.Amber: A yellowish fossil resin, the gum of several species of coniferous trees, found in the alluvial deposits of northeastern Germany. It is used in molecular biology in the analysis of organic matter fossilized in amber.Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Tetranychidae: Family of spider MITES, in the superfamily Tetranychoidea, suborder Trombidiformes.Mites: Any arthropod of the subclass ACARI except the TICKS. They are minute animals related to the spiders, usually having transparent or semitransparent bodies. They may be parasitic on humans and domestic animals, producing various irritations of the skin (MITE INFESTATIONS). Many mite species are important to human and veterinary medicine as both parasite and vector. Mites also infest plants.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Siphonaptera: An order of parasitic, blood-sucking, wingless INSECTS with the common name of fleas.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Molting: Periodic casting off FEATHERS; HAIR; or cuticle. Molting is a process of sloughing or desquamation, especially the shedding of an outer covering and the development of a new one. This phenomenon permits growth in ARTHROPODS, skin renewal in AMPHIBIANS and REPTILES, and the shedding of winter coats in BIRDS and MAMMALS.Horseshoe Crabs: An arthropod subclass (Xiphosura) comprising the North American (Limulus) and Asiatic (Tachypleus) genera of horseshoe crabs.Acari: A large, subclass of arachnids comprising the MITES and TICKS, including parasites of plants, animals, and humans, as well as several important disease vectors.Caragana: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain STILBENES.Daphnia: A diverse genus of minute freshwater CRUSTACEA, of the suborder CLADOCERA. They are a major food source for both young and adult freshwater fish.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.

TCR-mediated activation of allergen-specific CD45RO(+) memory T lymphocytes results in down-regulation of cell-surface CXCR4 expression and a strongly reduced capacity to migrate in response to stromal cell-derived factor-1. (1/346)

The selective migration of functional T(h) lymphocyte subsets with different cytokine production profiles into inflamed tissue is likely to depend on the state of activation of the cells, as well as on the differential expression of various adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors. In this study, we have analyzed the effect of allergen-specific activation on the expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 on T lymphocytes. We show that stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from atopic patients with the allergen Der p results in down-regulation of CXCR4 surface expression on Der p-activated CD25(+)CD45RO(+) antigen-specific memory cells which was caused by a decrease in CXCR4 gene transcription and did not seem to be mediated by endogenous cytokines, such as IFN-gamma. In contrast, however, CXCR4 surface expression was enhanced on naive CD25(-)CD45RO(-) and resting CD25(-)CD45RO(+) memory T cells, as a result of the presence of endogenous IL-4, most likely produced by Der p-activated memory T cells. Antigen-specific CD25(+)CD45RO(+) T lymphocytes, purified 7 days after stimulation with Der p, had a strongly reduced capacity to migrate in response to stimulation with stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1, the ligand for CXCR4. Together, these results suggest that differential expression of CXCR4 on activated and resting T cells is due to the counteracting effects of TCR-mediated down-regulation and IL-4-mediated up-regulation of this chemokine receptor respectively, and furthermore indicate that antigen-activated memory T cells are unlikely to migrate into inflamed tissue in response to SDF-1.  (+info)

Functional and structural diversities of C-reactive proteins present in horseshoe crab hemolymph plasma. (2/346)

Limulin, a sialic-acid-binding and phosphorylethanolamine-binding hemagglutinin in the hemolymph plasma of the American horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus), is a hemolytic C-reactive protein [Armstrong, P.B., Swarnakar, S., Srimal, S., Misquith, S., Hahn, E.A., Aimes, R. T. & Quigley, J.P. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 14717-14721]. We have now identified three types of C-reactive protein in the plasma of the Japanese horseshoe crab (Tachypleus tridentatus), based on different affinities against fetuin-agarose and phosphorylethanolamine-agarose determined by quantitative precipitin assays using fetuin and an artificial phosphorylethanolamine-protein conjugate. Partial amino acid sequences of the isolated C-reactive proteins identified homologous proteins which were named Tachypleus tridentatus CRP-1 (tCRP-1), tCRP-2 and tCRP-3, each of which possibly constitute isoprotein mixtures. tCRP-2 and tCRP-3, but not tCRP-1, agglutinated mammalian erythrocytes. tCRP-1, the most abundant C-reative protein in the plasma, exhibited the highest affinity to the phosphorylethanolamine-protein conjugate but lacked both sialic-acid-binding and hemolytic activities. tCRP-2 bound to both fetuin-agarose and phosphorylethanolamine-agarose, and exhibited Ca2+-dependent hemolytic and sialic-acid-binding activities, suggestive of limulin-like properties. Furthermore, tCRP-2 exhibited a higher affinity to colominic acid, a bacterial polysialic acid. By contrast, tCRP-3 shows stronger hemolytic, sialic-acid-binding and hemagglutinating activities than tCRP-2. tCRP-3 has no affinity to phosphorylethanolamine-agarose, phosphorylethanolamine-protein conjugate and colominic acid. This suggests tCRP-3 is a novel hemolytic C-reactive protein lacking a common characteristic of phosphorylethanolamine-agarose binding affinity. Twenty-two clones of tCRPs with different deduced amino acid sequences were obtained by PCR using oligonucleotide primers based on the N-terminal and C-terminal sequences of tCRPs and with templates including genomic DNA and cDNA of hemocytes or hepatopancreas derived from one individual. The translation products of the tCRP clones possess high molecular diversity which falls into three related groups, consistent with classification based on their biological activities. Only tCRP-3 contained a unique hydrophobic nonapeptide sequence that appears in the transmembrane domain of a major histocompatibility complex class I heavy chain of rainbow trout, suggesting the importance of the hydrophobic patch to the hemolytic activity of tCRP-3. The structural and functional diversities of tCRPs provide a good model for studying the properties of innate immunity in invertebrates, which survive without the benefit of acquired immunity.  (+info)

A remarkable, precisely timed release of hyperglycemic hormone from endocrine cells in the gut is associated with ecdysis in the crab Carcinus maenas. (3/346)

Molting or ecdysis is the most fundamentally important process in arthropod life history, because shedding of the exoskeleton is an absolute prerequisite for growth and metamorphosis. Although the hormonal mechanisms driving ecdysis in insects have been studied extensively, nothing is known about these processes in crustaceans. During late premolt and during ecdysis in the crab Carcinus maenas, we observed a precise and reproducible surge in hemolymph hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) levels, which was over 100-fold greater than levels seen in intermolt animals. The source of this hormone surge was not from the eyestalk neurosecretory tissues but from previously undescribed endocrine cells (paraneurons), in defined areas of the foregut and hindgut. During premolt (the only time when CHH is expressed by these tissues), the gut is the largest endocrine tissue in the crab. The CHH surge, which is a result of an unusual, almost complete discharge of the contents of the gut endocrine cell, regulates water and ion uptake during molting, thus allowing the swelling necessary for successful ecdysis and the subsequent increase in size during postmolt. This study defines an endocrine brain/gut axis in the arthropods. We propose that the ionoregulatory process controlled by CHH may be common to arthropods, in that, for insects, a similar mechanism seems to be involved in antidiuresis. It also seems likely that a cascade of very precisely coordinated release of (neuro) hormones controls ecdysis.  (+info)

Characterization of an alpha-macroglobulin-like glycoprotein isolated from the plasma of the soft tick Ornithodoros moubata. (4/346)

We report the identification of the first representative of the alpha-2-macroglobulin family identified in terrestrial invertebrates. An abundant acidic glycoprotein was isolated from the plasma of the soft tick Ornithodoros moubata. Its molecular mass is about 420 kDa in the native state, whereas in SDS/PAGE it migrates as one band of 190 kDa under nonreducing conditions and a band of 92 kDa when reduced. Chemical deglycosylation reveals that it is composed of two different subunits, designated A and B. The N-terminal amino-acid sequence of subunit A is similar to the N-terminus of invertebrate alpha-2-macroglobulin. Sequence analysis of several internal peptides confirms that the tick protein belongs to the alpha-2-macroglobulin family, and the protein is therefore referred to as tick alpha-macroglobulin (TAM). Functional analyses strengthen this assignment. TAM inhibits trypsin and thermolysin cleavage of the high-molecular-weight substrate azocoll in a manner similar to that of bovine alpha-2-macroglobulin. This effect is abolished by pre-treatment of TAM with methylamine. In the presence of TAM, trypsin is protected against active-site inhibition by soybean trypsin inhibitor. We cloned and sequenced a PCR product containing sequences from both subunits and spanning the N-terminus of subunit B and the putative 'bait region' (a segment of alpha-2-macroglobulin which serves as target for various proteases). This indicates that the two subunits are generated from a precursor polypeptide by post-translational processing.  (+info)

Cloning and characterization of a novel nuclease from shrimp hepatopancreas, and prediction of its active site. (5/346)

Approximately 95% of the amino acid sequence of a shrimp (Penaeus japonicus) nuclease was derived from protease-digested peptides. A 1461-base cDNA for the nuclease was amplified and sequenced with degenerate primers based on the amino acid sequence and then specific primers by 3' and 5' RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends). It contains an open reading frame encoding a putative 21-residue signal peptide and a 381-residue mature protein. The N-terminus of the enzyme is pyroglutamate, deduced from composition and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight MS analyses, and confirmed by a glutamine residue in the cDNA sequence. The enzyme has 11 Cys residues, forming five intramolecular disulphides. The eleventh Cys residue was linked to a thiol compound with an estimated molecular mass of between 500 and 700 Da. A sequence similarity search revealed no homologous proteins but residues 205-255 shared a conserved active-site motif within a distinct group of nucleases. His(211) in this conserved motif was shown to be very important in catalysis by site-specific modification with (14)C-labelled iodoacetate. The shrimp nuclease, previously designated DNase I, does indeed possess a low level of hydrolytic activity towards RNA in the presence of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+). The conservation of functionally important residues during distant evolution might imply that the catalytic mechanisms are similar in these nucleases, which should be classified in one subfamily. Finally, an active-site structure for shrimp nuclease was proposed on the basis of published structural data and the results of mutational and biochemical analyses of Serratia nuclease.  (+info)

Structure of tick anticoagulant peptide at 1.6 A resolution complexed with bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor. (6/346)

The structure of tick anticoagulant peptide (TAP) has been determined by X-ray crystallography at 1.6 A resolution complexed with bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI). The TAP-BPTI crystals are tetragonal, a = b = 46.87, c = 50.35 A, space group P41, four complexes per unit cell. The TAP molecules are highly dipolar and form an intermolecular helical array along the c-axis with a diameter of about 45 A. Individual TAP units interact in a head-to-tail fashion, the positive end of one molecule associating with the distal negative end of another, and vice versa. The BPTI molecules have a uniformly distributed positively charged surface that interacts extensively through 14 hydrogen bonds and two hydrogen bonded salt bridges with the helical groove around the helical TAP chains. Comparing the structure of TAP in TAP-BPTI with TAP bound to factor Xa(Xa) suggests a massive reorganization in the N-terminal tetrapeptide and the first disulfide loop of TAP (Cys5T-Cys15T) upon binding to Xa. The Tyr1(T)OH atom of TAP moves 14.2 A to interact with Asp189 of the S1 specificity site, Arg3(T)CZ moves 5.0 A with the guanidinium group forming a cation-pi-electron complex in the S4 subsite of Xa, while Lys7(T)NZ differs in position by 10.6 A in TAP-BPTI and TAP-Xa, all of which indicates a different pre-Xa-bound conformation for the N-terminal of TAP in its native state. In contrast to TAP, the BPTI structure of TAP-BPTI is practically the same as all those of previously determined structures of BPTI, only arginine and lysine side-chain conformations showing significant differences.  (+info)

The underlying mechanism for the diversity of disulfide folding pathways. (7/346)

The disulfide folding pathway of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) is characterized by the predominance of folding intermediates with native-like structures. Our laboratory has recently analyzed the folding pathway(s) of four 3-disulfide-containing proteins, including hirudin, potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor, epidermal growth factor, and tick anticoagulant peptide. Their folding mechanism(s) differ from that of BPTI by 1) a higher degree of heterogeneity of 1- and 2-disulfide intermediates and 2) the presence of 3-disulfide scrambled isomers as folding intermediates. To search for the underlying causes of these diversities, we conducted kinetic analyses of the reductive unfolding of these five proteins. The experiment of reductive unfolding was designed to evaluate the relative stability and interdependence of disulfide bonds in the native protein. It is demonstrated here that among these five proteins, there exists a striking correlation between the mechanism(s) of reductive unfolding and that of oxidative folding. Those proteins with their native disulfide bonds reduced in a collective and simultaneous manner exhibit both a high degree of heterogeneity of folding intermediates and the accumulation of scrambled isomers along the folding pathway. A sequential reduction of the native disulfide bonds is associated with the presence of predominant intermediates with native- like structures.  (+info)

Synthetic endotoxin-binding peptides block endotoxin-triggered TNF-alpha production by macrophages in vitro and in vivo and prevent endotoxin-mediated toxic shock. (8/346)

Lipid A, the conserved portion of endotoxin, is the major mediator of septic shock; therefore, endotoxin-neutralizing molecules could have important clinical applications. Here we show that peptides derived from Limulus anti-LPS factor (LALF), bactericidal/permeability increasing protein (BPI) and endotoxin-binding protein, bind to lipid A and block the recombinant LALF/lipid A interaction in vitro. Because their neutralizing capacity in vitro as well as in vivo has been limited, we created hybrid peptides comprising two endotoxin-binding domains. The hybrid molecule LL-10-H-14, containing endotoxin-binding domains from LALF and endotoxin-binding protein, turned out to be the most active peptide within the series of peptides tested here to inhibit the CD14/lipid A interaction and is able in vitro to block the endotoxin-induced TNF-alpha release of murine macrophages up to 90%. Furthermore, LL-10-H-14 not only reduced peak serum levels of TNF-alpha of mice when preinjected but also reduced TNF-alpha levels when given 15 min after the endotoxin challenge. As compared with other peptides, only LL-10-H-14 is able to strongly decrease endotoxin-stimulated TNF-alpha release by human macrophage cell lines as well as by PBMC. Furthermore, the hybrid peptide is protective against endotoxin-provoked lethal shock. As such, LL-10-H-14 could have prophylactic and/or therapeutic properties in humans for the management of septic shock.  (+info)

*Pancrustacea

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny. 67 (2): 275-286.. *^ a b c d J. C. Regier; J. W. Shultz; R. E. Kambic (22 February 2005). " ... "Phylogenetic analysis of arthropods using two nuclear protein-encoding genes supports a crustacean + hexapod clade" (PDF). ... In 2013 Rota-Stabelli et al. used the signal in the 62 protein-coding genes assembled by Regier et al. in 2010 to improve the ...

*Resilin

Play media Resilin is an elastomeric protein found in many insects and arthropods. It provides soft rubber-elasticity to ... and tri-tyrosine cross-links between proteins. Resilin is a disordered protein; however its segments may take on secondary ... Like other elastomeric proteins, the degree of cross linking in resilin is low, which ensures the low stiffness and high ... Rubber like proteins, such as resilin and elastin, are characterized based on their high resilience, low stiffness, and large ...

*Crossopriza lyoni

"Arthropods Diagnosed in October 2010". Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Lab, Utah State University. Retrieved May 12, 2011. D. ... Gram-positive bacteria were more vulnerable to the proteins from C. lyoni webs than Gram-negative bacteria. C. lyoni and other ... Some people, however, regard them as beneficial, as they are efficient predators of mosquitoes and other arthropods. They are ... and other disease-transmitting arthropods harmful to humans seems to be significant. In areas where mosquito-borne diseases ( ...

*Ixodes holocyclus

This represents a potentially novel cross-reaction between an arthropod and a food protein.[36] The induced allergy is unusual ... Note that those individuals allergic to tick bites and who have an immediate reaction are reacting to proteins in the tick's ... Part 3: Arthropod Infestations (Ticks and Mites). Serv Publ Dep Hlth Vet Hyg 7: 68 ... Early work suggested that the most neurotoxic fraction was a protein (molecular weight 40000-60000 D, stable when freeze dried ...

*Hemocyanin

These proteins are involved in the process of sclerotization of arthropod cuticle, in wound healing, and humoral immune defense ... Also, larval storage proteins in many insects appear to be derived from hemocyanins. The arthropod hemocyanin superfamily is ... "Evolution of arthropod hemocyanins and insect storage proteins (hexamerins)". Mol Biol Evol. 11 (3): 493-503. doi:10.1093/ ... an arthropod). They were subsequently found to be common among crustaceans and are utilized by some land arthropods such as the ...

*Torkel Weis-Fogh

A Rubberlike Protein in Arthropod Cuticle". Advances in Insect Physiology Volume 2. Advances in Insect Physiology. 2. p. 1. doi ... Weis-Fogh then went to the University of Cambridge in England for four years, where he discovered a rubbery protein, resilin, ...

*Hemolymph

... proteins, and lipids). The primary oxygen transporter molecule is hemocyanin. Arthropod hemolymph contains high levels of free ... These proteins are classified by their functions: chroma proteins, protease inhibitors, storage, lipid transport, enzymes, the ... An example of this is the silkworm and its need for glycine in the production of silk Proteins present in the hemolymph vary in ... Arthropod hormones are present most notably the juvenile hormone. Trehalose can be present and sometimes in great amounts along ...

*Polistes fuscatus

P. fuscatus eats arthropod prey, animal proteins, carbohydrates and protein. They will eat caterpillars, flies, ants, termites ... They use the scavenged animal protein from both vertebrates and arthropods such as: caterpillars, flies, alate ants, termites, ... and hunt arthropod prey or scavenge animal proteins." Water is used for the following processes: nest cooling, construction, ... Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification Web. 21 Sept. 2014. . MacLean, Bonnie, Leland Chandler, and David Maclean. (1978 ...

*Crustacean

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... "Crustacean (arthropod)". Encyclopædia Britannica. G. L. Pesce. "Remipedia Yager, 1981". D. E. Aiken; V. Tunnicliffe; C. T. Shih ... Although most crustaceans are small, their morphology varies greatly and includes both the largest arthropod in the world - the ... They are distinguished from other groups of arthropods, such as insects, myriapods and chelicerates, by the possession of ...

*Myriochelata

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... The Myriochelata or Paradoxopoda, is a proposed grouping of arthropods comprising the Myriapoda (including millipedes and ... and protein-coding genes. More recent molecular studies, however, favour grouping the myriapods with crustaceans and insects, ... A congruent solution to arthropod phylogeny: phylogenomics, microRNAs and morphology support monophyletic Mandibulata. Proc R ...

*Supercooling

J.G. Duman (2001). "Antifreeze and ice nucleator proteins in terrestrial arthropods". Annual Review of Physiology. 63: 327-357 ... The winter flounder is one such fish that utilizes these proteins to survive in its frigid environment. Noncolligative proteins ... There are many techniques that aid in lowering the freezing point, such as the production of antifreeze proteins, or AFPs, ... Garth L Fletcher; Choy L Hew & Peter L Davies (2001). "Antifreeze Proteins of Teleost Fishes". Annual Review of Physiology. 63 ...

*RiAFP

Duman JG (2001). "Antifreeze and ice nucleator proteins in terrestrial arthropods". Annu. Rev. Physiol. 63: 327-57. doi:10.1146 ... It is a type V antifreeze protein with a molecular weight of 12.8 kDa; this type of AFP is noted for its hyperactivity. R. ... The TxTxTxT domains are irregularly spaced within the protein and have been shown to be conserved from the TxT binding motif of ... These data suggest that RiAFP is a well-folded β-helical protein, having six β-strand regions consisting of 13-amino acids ( ...

*Chelicerata - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... The Chelicerata are a sub-phylum of the Arthropods. The sub-phylum consists of only two classes: the Arachnids and the ... This is in dispute, as genetic evidence suggests they may be an ancient sister group to all other living arthropods.[3] There ...

*Collared inca

Its protein source is small arthropods such as insects. It is normally solitary and can be found at varying heights above the ... and feeds on insects and other small insect-like arthropods as a source of protein. It seems to prefer epiphytes. It is a ...

*Defensin

The mammalian defensins (Table below) are different from arthropod defensins. The latter are more similar to protein scorpion ... The name 'defensin' was coined in the mid1980s, though the proteins had been studied as 'Cationic Antimicrobial Proteins'. The ... Defensin-like proteins are also a component of platypus venom. The alpha defensin peptides are increased in chronic ... Arthropod defensin Host defense peptides, to which defensins belong. Virtual colony count Pearce, Gregory; Yamaguchi, Yube; ...

*Protopolybia exigua

The wasps acquire protein from hunting several groups of arthropods. Foraging wasps crush their caught prey and carry the ... Foraging for animal proteins is the most complex task for worker wasps. In order to successfully hunt prey, wasps require prey ... P. exigua are small wasps that find nourishment from nectar and prey on arthropods. Their nests are disc-shaped and hang from ... Wasps were reported to share this food with other adults and offer the protein in a macerated form to larvae. The water ...

*Agelaia vicina

Protein is acquired through the general predation of land arthropods. A. vicina are known to prey most heavily on insects of ... They are predators of land arthropods, consuming both insects and spiders alike. Recent sperm morphology studies have shown ... Colonies forage for water, plant tissue, protein and carbohydrates. ...

*Defensin

The mammalian defensins (Table below) are different from arthropod defensins. The latter are more similar to protein scorpion ... The name 'defensin' was coined in the mid 1980s, though the proteins had been studied as 'Cationic Antimicrobial Proteins'.[5] ... Protein Name Description α-defensins DEFA1 Defensin, alpha 1 Neutrophil defensin 1 Are expressed primarily in neutrophils as ... UMich Orientation of Proteins in Membranes families/superfamily-61 - Defensins from insects and plants and scorpion toxins ...

*Nudivirus

However, the viruses are not embedded in inclusion bodies (crystallized proteins) like the baculoviruses. Nudivirus are known ... to infect preferentially insects and marine arthropods. The transmission occurred generally by feeding and/or mating. ...

*Daphnia pulex

"Reconstructing the phylogeny of 21 completely sequenced arthropod species based on their motor proteins". BMC Genomics. 10: 173 ... Crustaceans portal Arthropods portal Daphnia pulex was the first crustacean to have its genome sequenced. Its genome contains ... Indeed, whereas the mean protein length in D. pulex is quite similar to that of Drosophila, the average gene size is 1000 bp ... Daphnia pulex is an arthropod whose body segments are difficult to distinguish. They can only be recognised by the appendages ...

*Anostraca

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... Crustaceans portal Arthropods portal Data related to Anostraca at Wikispecies Media related to Anostraca at Wikimedia Commons. ... ISBN 978-0-471-35837-4. D. R. Khanna (2004). "Segmentation in arthropods". Biology of Arthropoda. Discovery Publishing House. ... Fortey, R.; Thomas, H. (2012). Arthropod Relationships. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 104-105. Minelli, A. ( ...

*Xenocarida

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... Inferences from expressed sequence tags and comparisons with neural cladistics". Arthropod Structure & Development. 40: 289-302 ...

*Tetrapulmonata

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ...

*Remipedia

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... Where did insects come from? New study establishes relationships among all arthropods Cameron McCormick (November 10, 2008). " ...

*Mandibulata

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... The name "Mandibulata" refers to the mandibles or jaws, which are the characterizing feature of its member arthropods. ... Molecular phylogenetic studies suggest that the living arthropods are related as shown in the cladogram below. Crustaceans do ... Mandibulata, termed "mandibulates", is a clade of arthropods that comprises the extant subphyla Myriapoda (millipedes and ...

*Sea spider

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-83. ... the anterior part of the arthropod brain and found in the first head segment that in all other arthropods give rise to the eyes ... One theory is that this reflects how a common ancestor of all arthropods evolved; starting its life as a small animal with a ... This is in dispute, however, as genetic evidence suggests they may be an ancient sister group to all other living arthropods. ...

*Eating

Carnivorous mammals have a simple digestive tract because the proteins, lipids and minerals found in meat require little in the ... insectivorous birds eat 400-500 million metric tons of arthropods annually.[46] ... Other peptides in the hypothalamus that induce eating are neuropeptide Y (NPY) and agouti-related protein (AGRP).[20] ... 1/4 protein food as meat, ... and 1/4 carbohydrates as pasta, rice, ...) will then account to some 1800-2000 kcal, which is the ...

*Arachnid

"Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences". Nature. 463 (7284): 1079-1083. ... Like all arthropods, arachnids have an exoskeleton, and they also have an internal structure of cartilage-like tissue, called ... They outnumber other arthropods in the soil organic matter and detritus. Many are parasitic, and they affect both vertebrates ... Extant (living) arthropods are a monophyletic group and are divided into three main clades: chelicerates (including arachnids ...
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Shop Anti-lipopolysaccharide factor ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Anti-lipopolysaccharide factor Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of REMP2 derived from limulus anti-lipopolysaccharide factor in neutralizing endotoxin in vitro and its antibacterial activity. METHODS (1) REMP2 and PMB in the concentrations of 100.00, 10.00, 1.00, 0.10, 0.01 micromol/L were respectively mixed with LPS (lEU/mL), with PMB as positive control. The LPS concentrations in different specimens were determined by routine method, and the neutralizing percentage was respectively calculated. (2) After adding isotonic saline (NS), the final concentrations of REMP2 and PMB were 10, 20, 40, 80 micromol/L, and the concentration of LPS was 100 microg/L. The murine monocytic macrophages were stimulated with LPS, then cultured with REMP2 and PMB, with NS in culture as negative control. The content of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha was determined by ELISA kit. (3) The morphologic changes of Escherichia coli. was observed under electron microscope at 10, 20 and 40 minutes after addition of REMP2 to Escherichia coli suspension (with
Tokunaga, F., Nakajima, H. and Iwanaga, S. (1991). "Further studies on lipopolysaccharide-sensitive serine protease zymogen (factor C): its isolation from Limulus polyphemus hemocytes and identification as an intracellular zymogen activated by α-chymotrypsin, not by trypsin". J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 109: 150-157. PMID 2016264. ...
Das grundlegende Problem in der Transplantationsimmunologie ist es, die Langzeitakzeptanz eines fremden (allogen) Organs zu erreichen, ohne die sonstige Immunkompetenz des Empfängers zu beeinträchtigen. Die Induktion einer solchen spenderspezifischen Toleranz würde eine Alternative zum Langzeiteinsatz von Immunsuppressiva darstellen. Deswegen versucht man, während der Transplantation die Aktivierung der für die Abstoßung entscheidenden T-Helferzellen zu unterdrücken, bis eine Akzeptanz des Spenderorgans etabliert ist. Wichtig für eine Aktivierung der T-Zellen ist das für alle T-Helferzellen typische Zelloberflächenmolekül CD4. Antikörper gegen CD4 können in Tiermodellen eine Transplantattoleranz induzieren. Ein besonderes Interesse gilt der Charakterisierung der genauen Mechanismen dieser induzierten Transplantatakzeptanz, da diese noch wenig verstanden sind. Der von uns verwendete nicht-depletierende Maus-anti-Ratten-CD4mAk (RIB5/2) besitzt im allogenen Nierentransplantationsmodell ...
Downloadable! Der Bericht untersucht die Kompatibilität eines Emmissionshandels mit ordnungsrechtlichen und ökonomischen Instrumenten des Klimaschutzes. Es wird auch der Richtlinien-Vorschlag der Europäischen Kommission über ein System für den Handel mit Treibhausgasemissionsberechtigungen in der Gemeinschaft evaluiert. Der letzte Teil der Untersuchung beschäftigt sich mit einer Kosten-Nutzen-Relation eines Emissionshandelssystems für Treibhausgase.
... Hattie, John (2013): Bewerbungsschreiben kaufen Wellbery teaches DAAD Faculty Summer Seminar
1 Unverbindliche Preisempfehlung des Herstellers.. 2 Der zum Zwecke der Abrechnung der Apotheken mit den Krankenkassen (KK) gegenüber der Informationsstelle für Arzneispezialitäten GmbH (IFA) angegebene einheitliche Produkt-Abgabepreis im Sinne des § 78 Abs. 3 S. 1, 2. HS AMG. Dieser wird von der KK im Ausnahmefall der Erstattung abzüglich 5% an die Apotheke ausgezahlt.. 3 Eigener Apothekenverkaufspreis.. ...
1 Unverbindliche Preisempfehlung des Herstellers.. 2 Der zum Zwecke der Abrechnung der Apotheken mit den Krankenkassen (KK) gegenüber der Informationsstelle für Arzneispezialitäten GmbH (IFA) angegebene einheitliche Produkt-Abgabepreis im Sinne des § 78 Abs. 3 S. 1, 2. HS AMG. Dieser wird von der KK im Ausnahmefall der Erstattung abzüglich 5% an die Apotheke ausgezahlt.. 3 Eigener Apothekenverkaufspreis.. ...
1 Unverbindliche Preisempfehlung des Herstellers.. 2 Der zum Zwecke der Abrechnung der Apotheken mit den Krankenkassen (KK) gegenüber der Informationsstelle für Arzneispezialitäten GmbH (IFA) angegebene einheitliche Produkt-Abgabepreis im Sinne des § 78 Abs. 3 S. 1, 2. HS AMG. Dieser wird von der KK im Ausnahmefall der Erstattung abzüglich 5% an die Apotheke ausgezahlt.. 3 Eigener Apothekenverkaufspreis.. ...
Det er de stærke der overlever · Sjældne diagnoser har lavet en publikation blandt pårørende til og patienter med sjældne diagnoser. Publikationen kan læses…
W hrend der t rkischen Besetzung Griechenlands waren 3 Gegenden durch harte K mpfe frei geblieben, Souli in Thesprotia (Epirus), Mani in Peloponnes
Anzahl der Promovendinnen/Promovenden Lehreinheit Chemie Lehreinheit Pharmazie Lehreinheit Lebensmittelchemie Promovendinnen Promovenden
Published In: Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Physikalischen Classe (Klasse) der K. B. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 8(3): 281. 1878. (Jul-Dec 1878) (Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. München) ...
4.3- 2-Proteine in der Nahrung Form der Zellen Aufbau der Zellen Stoffwechsel verantwortlich für: 2-Reserve 1-Verteidigung Auch noch verwendet als: Proteine Strukturproteine Enzymproteine Transportproteine Immunproteine Hormonproteine kleinste Proteine größte Proteine pepite dipepite Proteine im menschlichen Körper -Eiweiße in Ribosomen ...
Vass E, Strijowski U, Wollschlaeger K, Mandity IM, Szilvagyi G, Jewginski M, Gaus K, Royo S, Majer Z, Sewald N, Hollosi M (2010 ...
Bachhuber T1, Katzmarski N, McCarter JF1, Loreth D, Tahirovic S, Kamp F1, Abou-Ajram C1, Nuscher B1, Serrano-Pozo A, ..., Meyer-Luehmann M1 ...
Seit Einführung der Single-incision-Laparoskopie (SIL) besteht Uneinigkeit innerhalb der Fachgesellschaften zur generellen Empfehlung einer Anwendung
21. Jeon J-M, Kim B-K, Lee JH, Kim JH, Kang C-K, Mykles DL, KIM H-W, 2012. Two type I crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) genes in Morotoge shrimp (Pandalopsis japonica): Cloning and expression of eyestalk and pericardial organ isoforms produced by alternative splicing and a novel type I CHH with predicted structure shared with type II CHH peptides. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 162: 88-99 ...
MULLER Werner E. G. , GREBENJUK Vladislav A. , LE PENNEC Gael , SCHRODER Heinz-C. , BRUMMER Franz , HENTSCHEL Ute , MULLER Isabel M. , BRETER Hans-J. Marine biotechnology 6(2), 105-117, 2004-03-01 参考文献49件 被引用文献3件 ...
Make the perfect sushi roll every time by yourself whenever you use the Yomo Sushi maker. Its a simple sushi rolling system and roll cutter, the purpose of which is to give you the power of making perfect Sushis at home. The one piece set will not only help you in getting to that ideal roll but also gives you the correct side piece with the roll cutter. The patented and mat replace the traditional bamboo and messy and inconsistent handmade rolls ...
Located in Aventura, Sushi Sakes sushi rolls are bursting with flavor and color.Diners will appreciate the quick and easy parking options located near this dining establishment.If you have a hankering for some unique sushi dishes, make your way over to Sushi Sake.
Zusammenfassung: Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit besteht in der Bestimmung der Betriebsaufgabewahrscheinlichkeit verschiedener Betriebstypen im Westen Deutschlands in Abhängigkeit von Gewinnniveau und Gewinnentwicklung. Dabei wird davon ausgegangen, dass die Reaktion der Betriebe auch von der erwarteten Nachhaltigkeit der Gewinnschwankungen sowie von der Betroffenheit anderer Betriebe abhängt. Es wird deshalb auch erwartet, dass die Betriebe in Abhängigkeit vom regionalen Kontext unterschiedlich reagieren. Die Gewinnerwartung der Betriebe wird mithilfe des Testbetriebsnetzes des BMELV geschätzt. Die Betriebsaufgabewahrscheinlichkeit wird in einem zweiten Schritt anhand der flächendeckenden Daten der Agrarstrukturerhebung in einem logistischen Modell für verschiedene Betriebstypen bestimmt. Schließlich werden in einem Metamodell die Ursachen für die regionalen Unterschiede der Schätzkoeffizienten untersucht. Die Annahmen bezüglich der differenzierten Wirkungen betrieblicher Gewinnschwankungen
Zentralnervöse Lernvorgänge hängen wesentlich von der Plastizität der synaptischen Übertragung ab. Synapsen verändern ihre Effizienz sowohl durch Änderungen in der Freisetzungswahrscheinlichkeit von Neurotransmittern als auch durch Variabilität der postsynaptischen Rezeptorausstattung. Darüberhinaus gibt es seit einiger Zeit Hinweise, dass auch die Konzentration des Neurotransmitters in synaptischen Terminalen variieren kann und dadurch die Freisetzungswahrscheinlichkeit von Vesikeln verändert wird. Um den Zusammenhang zwischen der Füllung synaptischer Vesikel und ihrer Dynamik im Vesikelzyklus besser zu verstehen, habe ich zunächst ein Computermodell entwickelt. Ich habe gefunden, dass nur eine Modifikation des Nachschubs von Vesikeln aus der Reservepopulation in die Population unmittelbar freisetzbarer Vesikel die experimentell gemessene Abhängigkeit der Freisetzungswahrscheinlichkeit von der präsynaptischen Transmitterkonzentration reproduzieren kann, nicht jedoch ein direkter ...
There are five basic kinds of sushi: maki, nigiri, temaki, chirashi, and inari sushi. Though most people think of sushi as simply...
Can you see yourself making a positive impact at WKU? We offer an inviting and challenging work environment, responsive to the needs of a diverse and ambitious learning community. See our open faculty and staff positions. Employment Website ...
Wasserbelastende Umweltchemikalien sind in erster Linie Stoffe bzw. Stoffgruppen, die folgende Eigenschaften aufweisen: Persistenz, Gesundheitsgefährdung bzw. nicht genau bekannte biologische Wirkungen, Retention in Organismen und erhöhte industrielle Produktionszahlen. Unter diesen Aspekten kommt den Pestiziden und anderen Organochlor-Verbindungen besondere Bedeutung zu. Da sie auch grundwassergefährdend sind, wurde das Adsorptionsverhalten der Pestizide aus der Gruppe der chlorierten Kohlenwasserstoffe und der polychlorierten Biphenyle in wäßriger Phase an Modellsubstanzen (Tonminerale, Huminsäure, sandiger Lehmboden) untersucht. Nach einstündiger Adsorptionszeit an geflocktem Na-Humat ist der Gleichgewichtszustand weitgehend erreicht. Dagegen dauert an einem Boden, der vorwiegend aus Tonmineralen besteht, die Gleichgewichtseinstellung etwa zwei Wochen. Mit Hilfe der FREUNDLICHSchen Isotherme konnte über die Berechnung der Adsorptionswärme für das System Na-Humat/Pestizide gezeigt ...
Bei der häufigsten Form prämaturer Kraniosynostosen, der isolierten Sagittalnahtsynostose, wird das Gesundheitsrisiko durch intrakranielle Drucksteigerung als sehr gering eingeschätzt. Ziel der vorliegenden Studie war es, an einem größeren Kollektiv das individuelle Risiko einer Hirndrucksteigerung durch mangelhaftes Schädelwachstum (=Kraniostenose) zu bestimmen. Der erhöhte Druck wurde dabei identifiziert durch Stauungspapillen oder durch direkte Messung. In einer Längsschnittstudie wurden Augenhintergrundsbefunde von 200 Patienten ausgewertet, die der Würzburger kraniofazialen Arbeitsgruppe mit der klinischen Diagnose „isolierte Sagittalnahtsynostose" vorgestellt worden waren. Die bei acht Patienten durchgeführten direkten Druckmessungen wurden ebenfalls ausgewertet. Alle in die Studie aufgenommenen Patienten wurden mindestens einmal in zwei Jahren, in 76% der Fälle entsprechend einer vorgegebenen Empfehlung zweimal jährlich ophthalmoskopisch untersucht. Zum Zeitpunkt der ersten ...
Die Erfindung betrifft die Verwendung der 4-Phenylbuttersäure und/oder ihrer Salze der allgemeinen Formel (I) zur Steigerung der Stresstoleranz in Pflanzen gegenüber abiotischem Stress bevorzugt Trockenstress, und der damit verbundenen Stärkung des Pflanzenwachstums und/oder Erhöhung des Pflanzenertrags.
Das POU1F1-Gen kodiert einen Transkriptionsfaktor, der für die normale Entwicklung der Hypophyse und die Synthese der Hormone verantwortlich zeichnet. Mutatonen verursachen die autosomal dominant oder rezessive Erkrankung Hyophysenhormonmangel Typ 1.. ...
Angiogenese, Adhäsion der Tumorzellen an Gefäßendothel und Basalmembran, Proteolyse der Basalmembran sowie Migration sind essentielle Bestandteile der pathologischen Kaskade, die Invasion und...
Zur sozialen Organisation vom Wissen im Mathematikunterricht: erziehungssoziologisch begründete Annahmen und ihre Überprüfung im Rahmen einer Analyse von empirisch gewonnenen Lehreraussagen zur Wissens- und Unterrichtsorganisation in der reformierten gymnasialen Oberstufe und im Oberstufen-Kolleg des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen in Bielefeld. Materialien und Studien / Institut für Didaktik der Mathematik der Universität Bielefeld ; 21 ...
Read "Vom Älterwerden der Koronararterien, Der Kardiologe" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Zur Behandlung der Manie mit Opium Inaugural-Dissertation der medicinischen Facultät der Kaiser-Wilhelms-Universität Strassburg zur Erlangung der Doctorwu ...
In der Weltliteratur wird die Zahl der cytologisch zutreffend diagnostizierten Bronchuscarcinome zwischen 70% und 90% angegeben [N euere Übersichten (4, 5)]. In der pulmologischen Station unserer...
Physioderm ist einer der führenden Anbieter im Bereich des beruflichen Hautschutzes. Nahezu 100 Jahre Erfahrung sorgen dafür, dass Sie stets beste Qualität erwarten können.
WITec ist der führende deutsche Hersteller konfokaler Mikroskopiesysteme für modernste Raman , Rasterkraft- sowie optische Nahfeld-Mikroskopie (SNOM) und entwickelte die integrierte RISE (Raman Imaging and Scanning Electron) Mikroskopie. WITec verfügt über ein innovatives Produktportfolio. Die Gerä
Das 1994 gegründete Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie ist eines der führenden Forschungsinstitute weltweit im Bereich pflanzlicher Metabolismus und Organellenbiologie.
Das 1994 gegründete Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie ist eines der führenden Forschungsinstitute weltweit im Bereich pflanzlicher Metabolismus und Organellenbiologie.
WITec ist der führende deutsche Hersteller konfokaler Mikroskopiesysteme für modernste Raman , Rasterkraft- sowie optische Nahfeld-Mikroskopie (SNOM) und entwickelte die integrierte RISE (Raman Imaging and Scanning Electron) Mikroskopie. WITec verfügt über ein innovatives Produktportfolio. Die Gerä
ERKRANKUNGEN DER HORNHAUT BN ERKRANKUNGEN DER HORNHAUT 2. Funktion 2.1 Transparenz: Tränenfilm, reguläre Kollagenstruktur, relative Dehydratation 2.2 dioptrische Eigenschaften Krümmungsradius: 7,8 mm Durchmesser: horizontal: 11,7 mm; vertikal: 10,6 mm Dicke: zentral: 0,5 mm; peripher: 0,8 mm Brechungsindex: 1, Brechkraft: Vorderfläche: +48 Dpt.; Rückfläche: -5 Dpt.; Gesamtbrechkraft: 43 Dpt.
In: Biospektrum : Mitteilungsorgan der Gesellschaft f r Biochemie und Molekularbiologie (GBM), der Vereinigung f r Allgemeine und Angewandte Mikrobiologie (VAAM), der Gesellschaft f r Genetik (GfG), der Gesellschaft f r Entwicklungsbiologie (GfE) und der Deutschen Gesellschaft f r Experimentelle und Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie (DGPT), 23 (6), 643-645, ...
In: Biospektrum : Mitteilungsorgan der Gesellschaft f r Biochemie und Molekularbiologie (GBM), der Vereinigung f r Allgemeine und Angewandte Mikrobiologie (VAAM), der Gesellschaft f r Genetik (GfG), der Gesellschaft f r Entwicklungsbiologie (GfE) und der Deutschen Gesellschaft f r Experimentelle und Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie (DGPT), 23 (6), 643-645, ...
In den letzten Jahren werden immer häufiger stark wirksame Opioide für Patienten verordnet, die keine Tumorerkrankung haben. Daher sollte auch der …
Buy Meteor - Retina Responsive WordPress Theme by der on ThemeForest. » Meteor 1.0.7 is available. » Demo Content available in the theme package. » Compatible with WordPress 4.0 Enter Met...
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49. Jahrestagung der NEUEN GRUPPE; Implantologie im atrophierten Kiefer. Augmentationen, Kurze & Schmale Implantate oder All-on-Four?
Welche Therapie passt wann und ist langfristig erfolgreicher?; Wiesbaden; Deutschland; 29.10.2015-31.10.2015
XY, +20, dup(1)(q21q42), der(2)t(2;14)(q37;q24)t(14;18)(q32;q21), t(8;22)(q24;q11.2), der(14)t(X;14)(p21;p13)t(14;18)(q32;q21), dup(17)(q11q22), der(18)t(14;18)(q32;q21); ...
Mit hoher Dynamik arbeitet das Exzellenzcluster CECAD an der Universitaet zu Koeln an der Erforschung der Alterungsprozesse und altersassoziierter Erkrankungen.
Mit hoher Dynamik arbeitet das Exzellenzcluster CECAD an der Universitaet zu Koeln an der Erforschung der Alterungsprozesse und altersassoziierter Erkrankungen.
X, -X, -X, -X, -4, -4, -5, -5, +6, +6, -8, -9, -10, -11, -13, -14, -14, -16, -19, +20, +20, +4mar, der(X)t(X;6)(q11-13;q25-q27), del(2)(p12)x2, add(3)(p14-21), der(6)t(X;6)(q11-13; ...
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Die Ergebnisse unserer wissenschaflichen Studien sind als deutsch- und englischsprachige Zusammenfassungen (sogenannte Abstracts) in zahlreichen renommierten Fachzeitschriften abgedruckt.
Pressemeddelelser kan virke gammeldags i en tid, hvor virale videoer og tv-reklamer huserer lystigt, men de spiller stadig en stor rolle i det danske mediebillede.
Epidemiologie Schwangerschaften/Jahr % aller Schwangeren auff. PAPs (Frega 2007) auff. Abstrich: Fälle/Jahr invasives Karzinom: 1-10/ % aller Zx-Karzinome in Grav.
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Die UTECH Europe 2015 ist das TOP-Event der Polyurethan-Branche. Chem-Trend nimmt auch dieses Jahr mit einem Stand an der Ausstellung teil. Dank... Read More » ...
Prodromus Systematis Lepidopterorum - Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterlinge CorrespBl. zool.-min Ver. Regensburg 18 (7/8): 89-112 (1864), (9): 123-136 (1864), (10): 148-152 (1864), (11/12): 173-174 (1865 ...
Zahlung und Versand Es gelten folgende Bedingungen: Versandbedingungen Die Lieferung der Ware erfolgt weltweit. Versandkosten (inklusive gesetzliche Mehrwertsteuer) Lieferungen
Die Fachzahnärzte der Zahnarztpraxis Lehel in München für ästhetische und rekonstruktive Zahnheilkunde und eigenem Zahntechniklabor
Die abdominelle Sonographie hat in der Diagnostik maligner Tumoren einen festen Stellenwert, ist jedoch in ihrer Aussagegenauigkeit durch nicht beeinflußbare Gegebenheiten, Meteorismus, schlechtes...
EMS-Dienstleister bieten Leiterplatten-BestückungSMD-Bestückung und Elektronik-Fertigung. VIERLING ist der EMS-Anbieter in Erlangen-Nürnberg.
Statistiken über Hereditäre Spastische Paraplegie Karte - Überprüfe wie diese Krankheit das tägliche Leben der Betroffenen beeinflusst.
Allergens/*immunology, Animals, Antigens; Dermatophagoides/*immunology, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/immunology, Desensitization; Immunologic, Disease Models; Animal, Female, Immunoglobulin E/immunology, Kidney/immunology/pathology, Leukocytes, Liver/immunology/pathology, Mice, Mice; Inbred C57BL, Mites/*immunology, Pneumonia/*immunology/pathology, Pulmonary Eosinophilia/immunology/pathology, Radioallergosorbent Test, Research Support; Non-U.S. Govt, Respiratory Hypersensitivity/*immunology/pathology, Selenium Radioisotopes ...
IgE and IgG binding of peptides expressed from fragments of cDNA encoding the major house dust mite allergen Der p I.: Large peptides expressed from cDNA fragme
Horseshoe crab hemocyte selectively responds to bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS), which depends critically on the proteolytic activity of the LPS-responsive serine protease zymogen factor C. In response to stimulation by LPS, the hemocyte secretes
Every year the Atlantic horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) arrives on shore to spawn, a sight once taken for granted. However, in addition to the gradual climate changes impacting all ecosystems, commercial demand from the widespread application of Atlantic horseshoe crab blood in industrial endotoxin testing and steady use as eel and whelk bait has brought the future of this enduring species into question. In response, regulations have been adopted to enhance the traceability and record keeping of horseshoe crab harvest, which has historically been difficult to track. However, these regulations do not restrict or limit LAL harvest in any significant manner. Still, sometimes-lethal biomedical bleeding process and associated behavioral changes pose a risk to horseshoe crab viability after bleeding and once returned to the waters. As a result, regulators and environmentalists are concerned that current trends and overfishing of this marine arthropod will significantly impact the surrounding ecosystem.
The heart of sushi is the rice. Without rice there would not be sushi. The very word "sushi" means "vinegared rice." There are a number of important factors to successful, delicious sushi rice. First, you must use white, short or medium grain rice which will give you a soft, sticky consistency. Secondly, you must use a rice cooker. An electric rice cooker is essential for perfect, no fail rice for sushi.. ...
Minumnya seperti biasa, ocha yang free...hahahaha. Buat gua, Sushi Tei tetep yang paling enak dibanding restoran sushi lainnya. Btw, sedikit intermezzo. Katanya kalo di Jepang itu hampir semua sushi mentah, ga ada yang mateng. Sushi mateng macam fussion roll itu modifikasi dari barat karena mereka ga suka makanan mentah. Dan katanya lagi, kalo di Jepang, wasabi itu uda ada di dalem sushinya, bukan dicampur ke soyu kayak di Indonesia. Dan lagi, di Jepang, mereka makan sushi tanpa soyu. Kalaupun dengan soyu, paling cuma dicocol dikit, bukan direndem kayak yang biasa nyokap gua makan...hahahaha. ...
Although sushi is the common food, most people have doubt that is sushi healthy or not? 100% sushi is the diet food and has low caloric value and high
There are 494 calories in 1 container, 8 pieces (9.9 oz) of Hissho Sushi The Alaskan Sushi. Youd need to walk 129 minutes to burn 494 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
There are 367 calories in 1 container, 3 pieces (4.9 oz) of Hissho Sushi Inari Sushi. Youd need to walk 96 minutes to burn 367 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
You can order lots of varieties of Sushi. There are various types of rolls, fishes, vegetables, garnishes, etc. to choose from. You will never be tired of eating Sushi. You will always find something new to taste.. So, if you havent tried Sushi yet, there are many reasons to try it now. Its a unique dish that looks great and tastes good, too! So, dont miss it!. ...
TOKIO - Der Buddha, Siddharta Gautama, hat kein Sutta über religiösen Hass oder rassistische Feindseligkeit verfasst. Und doch bedroht buddhistischer Chauvinismus gerade die Demokratisierungsprozesse in Myanmar (Burma) und Sri Lanka. Einige derselben buddhistischen Mönche, die während der Demonstrationen 2007 die Militärjunta Myanmars herausgefordert haben, rufen heute zur Gewalt gegen Mitglieder der Rohingya auf, einer muslimischen Minderheit des Landes. In Sri Lanka wird der ethnische Chauvinismus der buddhistischen Singhalesen von einem ehemaligen Präsidenten geschürt, der entschlossen ist, an die Macht zurückzukehren. Das angebliche Ziel der Versöhnung mit den besiegten hinduistischen Tamilen bleibt dabei auf der Strecke.. Im burmesischen Rakhaing-Staat hat buddhistischer Rassismus praktisch einen Bürgerkrieg angezettelt und eine humanitäre Krise hervorgerufen, in welcher Hunderttausende muslimischer Rohingy über Land und Wasser aus ihrer Heimat geflohen sind. Das verheißt ...
Best Sushi in Roslyn, Washington: Find TripAdvisor traveller reviews of Roslyn Sushi restaurants and search by price, location, and more.
How do you roll? This extensive list of sushi rolls contains the most popular Westernized varieties of the Japanese delight (i.e. Texas rolls are n...
LONDON - Dramatische Herausforderungen und mittelmäßige Antworten: das ist die Geschichte der Europäischen Union. Allzu selten ist die EU den Anforderungen der Ereignisse gewachsen und aus diesem Grund schwindet auch Europas ökonomische und geopolitische Bedeutung. Der Vertrag von Rom aus dem Jahr 1958, mit dem die Europäische Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft gegründet wurde, markierte Europas großen Sprung nach vorn. Aber die Entscheidung, einen gemeinsamen Markt ohne gemeinsame Regierung zu etablieren, bedeutete einfach nur die Verschiebung der Schwierigkeiten auf einen späteren Zeitpunkt. Alles, was seither geschah - die Erweiterung der EU auf 27 Mitglieder und die Schaffung der Eurozone mit 16 Mitgliedsländern - hat die Kluft zwischen Rhetorik und Realität noch vertieft. Euroland hat viel mehr versprochen, als es aufgrund seiner Entwicklung halten konnte. Die griechische Finanzkrise ist das jüngste Beispiel für diese Kluft zwischen Realität und Rhetorik. Im Grunde handelt es sich dabei ...
article{1676ce13-860e-4b7c-b6d8-dbd15381e70d, author = {Enkvist, Inger}, issn = {1101-2412}, language = {swe}, month = {10}, pages = {5--5}, publisher = {Svenska Dagbladet}, series = {Svenska Dagbladet}, title = {Åtgärder som inte löser problemen}, url = {http://www.svd.se/opinion/ledarsidan/regeringens-atgarder-loser-inte-problemen-i-skolan_4054869.svd}, year = {2014 ...
Parfum - das ist eine Geschichte der Verehrung, der Leidenschaft und der (un)erfüllten Liebe. Nur wenige Dinge lösen so unmittelbar Gefühle aus wie Düfte und an kaum etwas können wir uns besser erinnern. Bleiben Sie also in guter Erinnerung mit unseren beiden tollen Düften: 25th Edition for Women® & 25th Edition for Men® www.be-forever.ch/balanceandmore/product_list.aspx… www.balanceandmore.ch
Dass wir uns nicht wie gewohnt im großen Kreise von Wissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft treffen können, ist höchst bedauerlich - gerade in unserem Jubiläumsjahr, aber auch, ganz persönlich gesehen, im ersten Jahr meiner Präsidentschaft", sagte hierzu DFG-Präsidentin Professorin Dr. Katja Becker. „Doch es ist wichtig und von großer Bedeutung, dass die Jahresversammlung in dieser angepassten Form stattfindet. Denn gerade angesichts der gravierenden Auswirkungen der Coronavirus-Pandemie und der politischen Maßnahmen zu ihrer Eindämmung auf das gesamte öffentliche Leben und auch auf Forschung und Forschungsförderung muss die Handlungsfähigkeit der wissenschaftlichen Selbstverwaltung aufrechterhalten werden. So können wir den Schaden für die Wissenschaft weiter minimieren und, wo möglich, Impulse zur wissenschaftlichen Bewältigung der aktuellen Krise setzen ...
A small American restaurant chain called Sticky Rice has successfully launched the very first sushi into space on Jan. 1 this year. As...
Sushi is more popular than ever before but eating it has become the new Russian roulette in terms of safety. One mans love of sashimi nearly killed him after
Für etwa 13% der Familien mit Säuglingen in Deutschland besteht Unterstützungsbedarf im Rahmen Früher Hilfen. Frühe Hilfen streben an, die Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten von Eltern und ihren Kindern frühzeitig und nachhaltig zu verbessern. Ein zentrales Ziel der Frühen Hilfen, die Kooperation der Berufsgruppen des Sozial- und Gesundheitswesens, ist eine Herausforderung. Zu den Kooperationspartnerinnen/-partnern der Netzwerke gehören freiberufliche Hebammen, deren Perspektive in diesem Kontext jedoch kaum erforscht ist. Ziel der Studie ist es, die Sichtweisen und Erfahrungen freiberuflicher Hebammen im Rahmen der interprofessionellen Kooperation im Kontext Früher Hilfen zu untersuchen. Der Fokus liegt dabei insbesondere auf der Kooperation der Hebammen mit den Akteurinnen/Akteuren des Sozialwesens. 27 problemzentrierte Interviews mit freiberuflichen Hebammen in 13 deutschen Bundesländern bilden die Basis der qualitativen Untersuchung. Im Vorfeld wurde eine Gruppendiskussion durchgeführt, ...
Zusammenfassung Die Aktivit t der Arzneimittel abbauenden Enzyme bestimmt die Geschwindigkeit, mit der Medikamente aus dem K rper eliminiert werden. Der Metabolismus der meisten Medikamente wird durch Enzyme des Zytochrom- (CYP-)P450-Systems...
Elektronische Hochschulschriften; Titel: Der Stellenwert der Larynxmaske in der Anästhesie bei elektiven ophthalmologischen Eingriffen, Verfasser: Pizula, Svetlana, Halle, [2017?]
Liebe Leserinnen und Leser, in Hamburg hat sich nach dem Tod der 11jährigen Chantal, die im Januar an einer Methadonvergiftung starb, ein Runder Tisch gebildet, an dem VertreterInnen der zuständigen Behörden und Jugendämter, der Kassenärztlichen Vereinigung, der Ärztekammer und der substituierenden Ärzte überlegen, wie zukünftig mit SubstitutionspatienInnen umgegangen werden soll, in deren Haushalt minderjährige Kinder leben. Sollen diese PatientInnen prinzipiell eine Schweigepflichtentbindung gegenüber dem Jugendamt unterzeichnen? Soll grundsätzlich oder anlassbezogen gemeldet werden? Reicht das Kinderschutzgesetz aus, im Verdachtsfall die Aufmerksamkeit der Jugendämter auf diese Familien zu lenken? Welche Verbesserungen benötigen die Substitutionsbehandlung und deren Qualitätskontrolle durch die KV? Ziel ist ein Kooperationsvertrag zwischen Behörden und Ärzteschaft, der bis zum Sommer ausgearbeitet werden soll. Die Chronik der Ereignisse: Anhang: dgs-info_60_Der Tod von ...
Die Streifenprojektion hat sich im Laufe der letzten Jahre schnell neben den Koordinatenmessgeräten in der 3D-Messtechnik etabliert und ist aus diesem Bereich nicht mehr wegzudenken. Auch auf anderen Gebieten, wie beispielsweise der Medizin oder der Automobilindustrie, findet diese im Alltag Anwendung. Ein entscheidender Vorteil der Streifenprojektion besteht darin, Objekte schnell und berührungslos zu vermessen. In der vorliegenden Bachelorarbeit wird detailliert auf ein selbstentwickeltes Streifenprojektionsgerät eingegangen, dass mit geringen finanziellen Mitteln konstruiert wurde. Hierbei wurde die Software zur Steuerung der Komponenten sowie zur Auswertung der erfassten Daten in Matlab erstellt. Das Gerät wurde auf Benutzerfreundlichkeit untersucht und hinsichtlich dieses Aspektes verbessert. Im Zuge dessen beinhaltet die Bachelorthesis eine ausführliche Benutzeranleitung für Neuanwender. Durch Transformation der Kalibrierung in metrische Daten kann das Streifenprojektionsgerät für
sundoc Migration; Titel: Rolle der Relaxin-artigen Peptide in der Tumorbiologie der Schilddrüse, Verfasser: Hombach-Klonisch, Sabine, 2005 ; Halle, Saale : Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek
Jo Schmo reist durch die Zeit - Die lauteste Rülps-Attacke der Welt Keine Schurken weit und breit. Seit der irreböse Dr. Garstigg hinter Gittern ist, ist Jo Schmo, Grundschul-Superheldin, einfach nur LANGWEILIG. Da kommt ihr eine super Idee - vielleicht kann sie ja in der Vergangenheit ein paar böse Jungs jagen! Und noch während Jo an einer Zeitmaschine baut, ahnt sie nicht, dass sich direkt unter ihrer Superheldennase eine klitzekleine Verbrechenswelle zusammenbraut ... und damit ein Abenteuer für Jo! Gebundene Ausgabe: 120 SeitenVerlag: ArenaEmpfohlenes Alter: 8 - 10 Jahre
Jo Schmo reist durch die Zeit - Die lauteste Rülps-Attacke der Welt Keine Schurken weit und breit. Seit der irreböse Dr. Garstigg hinter Gittern ist, ist Jo Schmo, Grundschul-Superheldin, einfach nur LANGWEILIG. Da kommt ihr eine super Idee - vielleicht kann sie ja in der Vergangenheit ein paar böse Jungs jagen! Und noch während Jo an einer Zeitmaschine baut, ahnt sie nicht, dass sich direkt unter ihrer Superheldennase eine klitzekleine Verbrechenswelle zusammenbraut ... und damit ein Abenteuer für Jo! Gebundene Ausgabe: 120 SeitenVerlag: ArenaEmpfohlenes Alter: 8 - 10 Jahre
... Billigt Sverige - Handla Den Senaste Kläder Toppar & linnen Från Den Återförsäljare | Lågt Pris Och 100% Kvalitets Garanti, Returgaranti Och Gratis Porto. Välkommen Till Vår Webbshop För Att Köpa! Shoppa De Senaste Samlingar Kläder Toppar & linnen På Nätet, Fri Frakt & Prisgaranti. Köp Nu!
Trouvez tous les livres de Lübbert, Eduard - Der Conjunctiv Perfecti Und Das Futurum Exactum Im Älteren Latein: Ein Beitrag Zur Geschichte Der Lateinischen Sprache. Sur eurolivre.fr,vous pouvez commander des livres anciens et neufs.COMPARER ET acheter IMMÉDIATEMENT au meilleur prix. 1141375664
Publikationen und Veröffentlichungen der AG Junge Systematiker (JuSys), Arbeitsgruppe der Gesellschaft für Biologische Systematik (GfBS)
Auswahl und Definition geeigneter Rohstoffe, Hilfs- und Betriebsstoffe sowie Verbrauchsmaterialien für den mRNA-Herstellprozess, Entwickeln und Erstellen der Anforderungen an neue Materialien und Rohstoffe in Zusammenarbeit mit anderen Fachabteilungen wie zum Beispiel der Qualitätskontrolle oder Prozessentwicklung, Entwickeln und Definieren von Prozessen zur Etablierung neuer und Änderung vorhandener Rohstoffe, Hilfs- und Betriebsstoffe sowie Verbrauchsmaterialien, Standardisierung und Harmonisierung bestehender Materialien, Austausch mit Herstellern, Lieferanten sowie Planungsfirmen, Mitwirkung bei der Qualifizierung von neuen oder bestehenden Lieferanten.
ifa systems AG ist einer der führenden Anbieter für Software, IT-Dienstleistungen und medizinische Informationssysteme für die Augenheilkunde weltweit mit mehr als 450 Schnittstellen zu Diagnosegeräte.
Bemerkenswert ist, dass der wissenschaftliche Output (96 ISI Veröffentlichungen) hauptsächlich dem TOPIC 2 mit Bezug zur Küstenforschung in PACES zuzuordnen ist und gleichmäßig zwischen den AWI-bezogenen Workpages 1 bis 4 verteilt ist. Dies spiegelt die Struktur der Sektion wieder und zeigt deutlich, dass die Schwerpunkte optimal ausgerichtet und fokussiert wurden. Dies ist insofern von Bedeutung, da die Sektion eher klein ist und neu aufgestellt wurde. ...
Background: Der f 7 is the group 7 allergen from the dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae, homologous to the major allergen Der p 7 from D. pteronyssinus. Monoclonal antibody that bind to residues Leu48 and Phe50 was found to inhibit IgE binding to residue Asp159, which is important for the cross-reactivity between Der f 7 and Der p 7. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, we report the crystal structure of Der f 7 that shows an elongated and curved molecule consisting of two anti-parallel β-sheets - one 4-stranded and the other 5-stranded - that wrap around a long C-terminal helix. The overall fold of Der f 7 is similar to Der p 7 but key difference was found in the β1-β2 loop region. In Der f 7, Leu48 and Phe50 are in close proximity to Asp159, explaining why monoclonal antibody binding to Leu48 and Phe50 can inhibit IgE binding to Asp159. Both Der f 7 and Der p 7 bind weakly to polymyxin B via a similar binding site that is formed by the N-terminal helix, the 4-stranded β-sheet and the ...
PubMed journal article Are house dust mite allergen levels influenced by cold winter weather? were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Cloning, expression, and characterization of Der f 7, an allergen of Dermatophagoides farinae from China. - Yu-bao Cui, Hong-xing Cai, Ying Zhou, Cui-xiang Gao, Wei-hong Shi, Ming Yu, Li Li
Abstract This study investigated the possible relationships between exposures to mite allergen and airborne fungi with sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms for residents living in newly built dwellings. We randomly sampled 5709 newly built dwellings in six prefectures from northern to southern Japan. A total of 1479 residents in 425 households participated in the study by completing questionnaire surveys and agreeing to environmental monitoring for mite allergen (Der 1), airborne fungi, aldehydes, and volatile organic compounds. Stepwise logistic regression analyses adjusted for confounders were used to obtain odds ratios (OR) of mite allergen and fungi for SBS symptoms. Der 1 had a significantly high OR for nose symptoms. Rhodotorula had a significantly high OR for any symptoms, and Aspergillus had significantly high OR for eye symptoms. However, the total colony-forming units had a significantly low OR for throat and respiratory symptoms. Eurotium had a significantly low OR for skin symptoms. ...
Sensitization to house dust mites (HDM) is highly prevalent among the young atopic population in Singapore. Previously published data suggest that individuals with skin allergies show preferred sensitization to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus while individuals with pure respiratory allergies show preferred sensitization to Blomia tropicalis. The aim of our study was to compare the sensitization profiles between children with asthma and those with eczema to D. pteronyssinus and B. tropicalis and their specific allergens. A total of 60 children, 30 with asthma and 30 with eczema were recruited. IgE levels specific for a panel of HDM allergens from the two mite species were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The asthma group showed highest sensitization to Blo t5 while the eczema group showed highest sensitization to Der p5. Comparison between the two disease groups showed that the eczema group had significantly higher IgE levels for Der p (p=0.042) and its allergens Der p1 (p=0.019) ...
Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Dust mites (Dermatophagoides sp.) on wool fabric. Millions of dust mites inhabit the home, feeding on dead human skin that are common in house dust. The mites body is in three parts: the gnathosoma (head region) adapted for feeding on dead skin, the propodosma (carrying the 1st and 2nd pair of walking legs) and the hysterosoma (locating the 3rd and 4th pairs of legs). Dust mites produce 10-20 waste particles per day. The dead bodies and faecal pellets can trigger allergic responses. The whole life cycle from egg to adult takes approximately one month to complete, mature female mites can lay from 1-2 eggs per day. Adult mites can live up to two months. The most important house dust mites worldwide are Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. Magnification: mites x25, fabric x44 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C032/1517
Hydrogen water (HW) produced by electrolysis of water has characteristics of extremely low oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) value and high dissolved hydrogen (DH). It has been proved to have various beneficial effects including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects; however, HW effect on atopic dermatitis (AD), an inflammatory skin disorder, is poorly documented. In the present study, we examined the immunological effect of drinking HW on |i|Dermatophagoides farinae|/i|-induced AD-like skin in NC/Nga mice. Mice were administered with HW and purified water (PW) for 25 days. We evaluated the serum concentration of pro-inflammatory (TNF-|i|α|/i|), Th1 (IFN-|i|γ|/i|, IL-2, and IL-12p70), Th2 (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10), and cytokine expressed by both subsets (GM-CSF) to assess their possible relationship to the severity of AD. The serum levels of cytokines such as IL-10, TNF-|i|α|/i|, IL-12p70, and GM-CSF of mice administered with HW was significantly reduced as compared to PW group.

A congruent solution to arthropod phylogeny: phylogenomics, microRNAs and morphology support monophyletic Mandibulata |...A congruent solution to arthropod phylogeny: phylogenomics, microRNAs and morphology support monophyletic Mandibulata |...

2010 Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature 463, 1079-1083. (doi ... 2008 Resolving arthropod phylogeny: exploring phylogenetic signal within 41 kb of protein-coding nuclear gene sequence. Syst. ... 2010 Arthropod phylogeny: an overview from the perspectives of morphology, molecular data and the fossil record. Arthropod ... 2001 Arthropod phylogeny based on eight molecular loci and morphology. Nature 413, 157-161. (doi:10.1038/35093097). ...
more infohttp://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2010/08/05/rspb.2010.0590

Multilocus Sequence Typing System for the Endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis | Applied and Environmental MicrobiologyMultilocus Sequence Typing System for the Endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis | Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Wolbachia surface protein [WSP]) genes (31, 59, 62). Most of the supergroups are found in arthropods (supergroups A, B, E, F, G ... Phylogeny of the arthropod endosymbiont Wolbachia based on wsp gene. Insect Mol. Biol. 8:399-408. ... Long PCR improves Wolbachia DNA amplification: wsp sequences found in 76% of sixty-three arthropod species. Insect Mol. Biol. 9 ... Primers (Table 1) were designed to be general across all arthropod Wolbachia supergroups examined but not to amplify any of the ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/72/11/7098.long

E-GEOD-49981 - Reciprocal transcriptional responses in the interaction between Arabidopsis thaliana and Tetranychus urticae. -...E-GEOD-49981 - Reciprocal transcriptional responses in the interaction between Arabidopsis thaliana and Tetranychus urticae. -...

To date, most molecular-genetic studies of plant-arthropod interactions have focused on insects. However, plant-feeding ( ... herbivory for a representative of a major class of arthropod herbivores. We used microarray to assess global gene expresion in ... far less is known about plant defense responses to arthropod herbivores. ... Project description:Proteins produced in the salivary glands of arthropod herbivores can function as effectors to modify plant ...
more infohttps://www.omicsdi.org/dataset/arrayexpress-repository/E-GEOD-49981

Differential induction of tomato foliar proteins by arthropod herbivores | SpringerLinkDifferential induction of tomato foliar proteins by arthropod herbivores | SpringerLink

The effects of mechanical and chemical damage and three types of biotic damage on the activities of four foliar proteins of the ... These proteins are putative plant defenses in tomato. Differential induction of these proteins by the various damage-treatments ... Defense-related proteins in higher plants.Annu. Rev. Biochem. 59:873-907.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... The effects of mechanical and chemical damage and three types of biotic damage on the activities of four foliar proteins of the ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02036193

Expression of engrailed proteins in arthropods, annelids, and chordates.  - PubMed - NCBIExpression of engrailed proteins in arthropods, annelids, and chordates. - PubMed - NCBI

Expression of engrailed proteins in arthropods, annelids, and chordates.. Patel NH1, Martin-Blanco E, Coleman KG, Poole SJ, ... Other arthropods, including grasshopper and two crustaceans, have similar patterns of engrailed expression. However, these ... Here we describe a monoclonal antibody that recognizes a conserved epitope in the homeodomain of engrailed proteins of a number ... In Drosophila embryos, the antibody reveals engrailed protein in the posterior portion of each segment during segmentation, and ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2570637?dopt=Abstract

Arthropod-derived protein EV131 inhibits histamine action and allergic asthma   - NERC Open Research ArchiveArthropod-derived protein EV131 inhibits histamine action and allergic asthma - NERC Open Research Archive

2005 Arthropod-derived protein EV131 inhibits histamine action and allergic asthma. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences ... Arthropods express several biologically active proteins in their saliva, which may allow a prolonged blood meal on the host. ... Proteins identified and expressed include histamine, serotonin, tryptase, and complement binding proteins. We review here data ... that scavenging of endogenous histamine by the histamine-binding protein EV131 has a profound inhibitory effect on allergic ...
more infohttp://nora.nerc.ac.uk/id/eprint/20013/

Response of the Labellar Hairs of the Blowfly, Phormia regina Meigen, to Protein | NatureResponse of the Labellar Hairs of the Blowfly, Phormia regina Meigen, to Protein | Nature

Females ingest relatively more protein than carbohydrate during the early stages of egg growth, but relatively more ... They will not reproduce without a protein diet2. ... that the blowfly Calliphora has a cyclic preference for protein ... Electrophysiological Studies of Arthropod Chemoreception IV. Latency, Independence, and Specificity of labellar chemoreceptors ... Response of the Labellar Hairs of the Blowfly, Phormia regina Meigen, to Protein. *D. I. WALLIS1. ...
more infohttps://www.nature.com/articles/191917a0?error=cookies_not_supported&code=6847f63b-141b-46bd-a6c4-2a30624a8135

Infection-derived lipids elicit an immune deficiency circuit in arthropods | Nature CommunicationsInfection-derived lipids elicit an immune deficiency circuit in arthropods | Nature Communications

Arthropod transcriptional activator protein-1 (AP-1) aids tick-rickettsial pathogen survival in the cold *Supreet Khanal ... Protein structural data that support the findings of this study have been deposited in the Protein Data Bank with the primary ... Protein interactomes. We acquired the top related proteins interacting with the human XIAP and ML-IAP based on previously ... PGRP-LC interacts with the protein IMD3, which recruits the molecule Fas-Associated protein with Death Domain (FADD)4. FADD ...
more infohttps://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14401?error=cookies_not_supported&code=e12a933e-6bd6-4205-b5cd-d254fcfd1d9a

WHO | Systematic analysis of protein identity between Zika virus and other arthropod-borne virusesWHO | Systematic analysis of protein identity between Zika virus and other arthropod-borne viruses

3 shows protein fragments mapped to the corresponding envelope or NS1 proteins. The exposed areas of the proteins show regions ... Systematic analysis of protein identity between Zika virus and other arthropod-borne viruses. Hsiao-Han Chang a, Roland G Huber ... We analysed protein fragments of different lengths, so called k-mers (where k is the amino acid length of the protein fragment ... Protein fragments from all Zika virus proteins, except NS3, are present in the list. NS4A has the highest number (190 k-mers) ...
more infohttp://origin.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/95/7/16-182105/en/

WHO | Systematic analysis of protein identity between Zika virus and other arthropod-borne virusesWHO | Systematic analysis of protein identity between Zika virus and other arthropod-borne viruses

Systematic analysis of protein identity between Zika virus and other arthropod-borne viruses. Hsiao-Han Chang, Roland G Huber, ... The list includes protein fragments from all Zika virus proteins, except NS3. NS4A has the highest number (190 k-mers) of ... We used published protein sequences for the Zika virus and obtained protein sequences for the other viruses from the National ... protein fragments on the list. Conclusion. We provide a candidate list of protein fragments that could be used when developing ...
more infohttp://origin.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/95/7/16-182105-ab/en/

Protein production - WikipediaProtein production - Wikipedia

Protein production systems[edit]. Commonly used protein production systems include those derived from bacteria,[2] yeast,[3][4] ... Protein production is the biotechnological process of generating a specific protein. It is typically achieved by the ... In biology, to make too many copies of a protein or other substance. Overexpression of certain proteins or other substances may ... Hence, multi-domain eukaryotic proteins expressed in bacteria often are non-functional. Also, many proteins become insoluble as ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_expression_%28biotechnology%29

Detection of histidine rich protein 2 and panmalarial ICT Malaria Pf/Pv test antigens after chloroquine treatment of...Detection of histidine rich protein 2 and panmalarial ICT Malaria Pf/Pv test antigens after chloroquine treatment of...

Although strongly positive histidine rich protein 2 (HRP2) line intensities (equal to or greater than the control band) in ... Techniques for Hemagglutination and Hemagglutination-Inhibition with Arthropod-Borne Viruses D. H. Clarke and J. Casals ... f Detection of histidine rich protein 2 and panmalarial ICT Malaria Pf/Pv test antigens after chloroquine treatment of ... Although strongly positive histidine rich protein 2 (HRP2) line intensities (equal to or greater than the control band) in ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2001.65.593

Dynamics of Asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax Infections and Duffy Binding Protein Polymorphisms in Relation to Parasitemia Levels...Dynamics of Asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax Infections and Duffy Binding Protein Polymorphisms in Relation to Parasitemia Levels...

The interaction between Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein II (PvDBPII) and human erythrocyte Duffy antigen is necessary ... Techniques for Hemagglutination and Hemagglutination-Inhibition with Arthropod-Borne Viruses D. H. Clarke and J. Casals ... Age-acquired immunity to a Plasmodium vivax invasion ligand, the Duffy binding protein. J Infect Dis 186 : 531-539.. [Google ... Diversity and natural selection in Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein gene. Mol Biochem Parasitol 127 : 121-132.. [Google ...
more infohttp://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2007.77.955

Variable immune molecules in invertebrates | Journal of Experimental BiologyVariable immune molecules in invertebrates | Journal of Experimental Biology

Fibrinogen-related proteins in molluscs and arthropods. Fibrinogen-related proteins (FREPs), originally discovered and ... LRR proteins are involved in many protein-protein interactions. Examples of immune proteins containing LRRs are plant ... 2008). Localization and diversity of 185/333 proteins from the purple sea urchin - unexpected protein-size range and protein ... thioester-containing protein. TLR. toll-like receptor. VCBP. variable region-containing chitin-binding protein. VLR. variable ...
more infohttps://jeb.biologists.org/content/216/23/4313?ijkey=b819e62d64e33e362acb9ba650aec06731ba2334&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Dengue (DEN) represents probably the most serious arthropod-borne viral disease. leakage | Selective Inhibitors of Protein...Dengue (DEN) represents probably the most serious arthropod-borne viral disease. leakage | Selective Inhibitors of Protein...

Intro Dengue (DEN) is the most common arthropod-borne viral illness in the world [1]. Approximately 3 billion folks who are ... Dengue (DEN) represents probably the most serious arthropod-borne viral disease. leakage. Dengue (DEN) represents probably the ... It is translated as a single polyprotein that is cleaved by viral and sponsor proteases into three structural proteins (capsid ... Author Summary Dengue (DEN) is an arthropod-transmitted viral disease which affects approximately 390 million individuals in ...
more infohttp://onetownmanyvoices.com/dengue-den-represents-probably-the-most-serious-arthropod-borne-viral-disease-leakage/

Science Explorations: Classify Insects: Zoom in on True Bugs: Arthropods  | Scholastic.comScience Explorations: Classify Insects: Zoom in on True Bugs: Arthropods | Scholastic.com

The outer coating is a waxy protein. The middle horny layer and an inner flexible one are made of chitin, a tough ... Groups of Arthropods. The arthropods are often classified, or divided, into four distinct groups, or subphyla. They are ... Arthropod Evolution. Many biologists suspect that the arthropods evolved from the annelids, a phylum of segmented worms that ... Like all animals, arthropods need oxygen to survive. Some small arthropods simply absorb oxygen through their thin body ...
more infohttp://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/explorations/bug/libraryarticle.asp?ItemID=108&SubjectID=120&categoryID=4

Role of the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin in short-term synaptic plasticity | PNASRole of the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin in short-term synaptic plasticity | PNAS

Temperature rise and rainforest arthropod abundance. Researchers report that arthropods in the tropics of Puerto Rico have ... and protein concentration of the supernatant was determined by using the Bradford assay (Bio-Rad). Proteins were separated by ... PV levels were 8.7 ± 1.6 μg/mg of protein in PV+/+ mice and 3.4 ± 0.6 in PV+/− mice (40% compared with PV+/+), and no ... After blocking additional protein binding sites, purified recombinant PV or brain samples were added to the wells. Standard ...
more infohttp://www.pnas.org/content/97/24/13372

Design of an allosterically modulated doxycycline and doxorubicin drug-binding protein | PNASDesign of an allosterically modulated doxycycline and doxorubicin drug-binding protein | PNAS

Temperature rise and rainforest arthropod abundance. Researchers report that arthropods in the tropics of Puerto Rico have ... The design of binding sites for nonnatural ligands into natural proteins is a very topical subject in protein design. This also ... Design of an allosterically modulated doxycycline and doxorubicin drug-binding protein. Karin Schmidt, Bernd R. Gardill, Alina ... Design of an allosterically modulated doxycycline and doxorubicin drug-binding protein. Karin Schmidt, Bernd R. Gardill, Alina ...
more infohttp://www.pnas.org/content/115/22/5744.short?rss=1

A cysteine-rich protein from an arthropod stabilizes clotting mesh and immobilizes bacteria at injury sites<...A cysteine-rich protein from an arthropod stabilizes clotting mesh and immobilizes bacteria at injury sites<...

A cysteine-rich protein from an arthropod stabilizes clotting mesh and immobilizes bacteria at injury sites. Journal of ... A cysteine-rich protein from an arthropod stabilizes clotting mesh and immobilizes bacteria at injury sites. :: Journal of ... A cysteine-rich protein from an arthropod stabilizes clotting mesh and immobilizes bacteria at injury sites. / Matsuda, ... Matsuda, Y., Osaki, T., Hashii, T., Koshiba, T., & Kawabata, S-I. (2007). A cysteine-rich protein from an arthropod stabilizes ...
more infohttps://kyushu-u.pure.elsevier.com/ja/publications/a-cysteine-rich-protein-from-an-arthropod-stabilizes-clotting-mes

From bouncy legs to poisoned arrows: elastic movements in invertebrates | Journal of Experimental BiologyFrom bouncy legs to poisoned arrows: elastic movements in invertebrates | Journal of Experimental Biology

Rubber-like protein found in arthropods.. Resilium. The spring found adjacent to the hinge in scallops that opens the valves.. ... Rubber-like protein found in molluscs.. Apodeme. Arthropod tendon.. Efficiency. The ratio between mechanical power output and ... 1964). A rubber like protein in arthropod cuticle. Adv. Insect Physiol. 2, 1-65. ... of cicada tymbals all point to the fantastic versatility of arthropod cuticle and the remarkable arthropod elastic protein, ...
more infohttp://jeb.biologists.org/content/214/12/1973

Publication : USDA ARSPublication : USDA ARS

Technical Abstract: Envelope fusion proteins (F proteins) are major constituents of budded viruses (BVs) of alpha- and ... Research Project: Biting Arthropod Surveillance and Control Location: Mosquito and Fly Research ... This evidence suggests that Cuni-F is a functional fusion protein. Understanding specific proteins involved in cell fusion in ... An F protein homolog gene was absent in gammabaculoviruses. Here we show that open reading frame 104 of Culex nigripalpus ...
more infohttps://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=345836

QBI Arthropod-borne Diseases in the Age of Quantitative Biology  Tickets, Tue, Jun 18, 2019 at 9:00 AM | EventbriteQBI Arthropod-borne Diseases in the Age of Quantitative Biology Tickets, Tue, Jun 18, 2019 at 9:00 AM | Eventbrite

QBI presents QBI Arthropod-borne Diseases in the Age of Quantitative Biology - Tuesday, June 18, 2019 , Wednesday, June 19, ... "Understanding flavivirus replication and pathogenesis through comparative protein-protein interaction mapping". 9:45 Ellen Yeh ... QBI Arthropod-borne Diseases in the Age of Quantitative Biology at Gladstone Institutes 1650 Owens Street, San Francisco, CA ... QBI Arthropod-borne Diseases in the Age of Quantitative Biology by QBI ...
more infohttps://www.eventbrite.com/e/qbi-arthropod-borne-diseases-in-the-age-of-quantitative-biology-tickets-59554167117?aff=erelexpmlt

AuthorMapperAuthorMapper

Evolution of the arthropod prophenoloxidase/hexamerin protein family Immunogenetics (1999-02-01) 49: 106-114 , February 01, ... storage proteins, and other proteins of uncertain function from insects; (2) the hemocyanins of branchiopod crustaceans, which ... Phylogenetic analysis of the prophenoloxidase/hexamerin family of arthropods revealed four well supported subfamilies: (1) the ... are copper-binding proteins involved in oxygen transport; (3) the hemocyanins of chelicerates; and (4) the prophenoloxidases ( ...
more infohttps://www.authormapper.com/search.aspx?val=subject%3ABiomedicine&coll=year%3A1999

Natural Toxins 2 | SpringerLinkNatural Toxins 2 | SpringerLink

Structure and Experimental Uses of Arthropod Venom Proteins D. Jones. Pages 379-386 ... Structure and Functions of Coagulation Factor IX/Factor X-Binding Protein Isolated from the Venom of Trimeresurus flavoviridis ... Binding Proteins on Synaptic Membranes for Certain Phospholipases A2 With Presynaptic Toxicity ... Structure and Function of Cobra Venom Factor, the Complement-Activating Protein in Cobra Venom ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4613-0361-9
  • Internal fragments of five ubiquitous genes ( gatB , coxA , hcpA , fbpA , and ftsZ ) were chosen, and primers that amplified across the major Wolbachia supergroups found in arthropods, as well as other divergent lineages, were designed. (asm.org)
  • MLST was shown to be effective for detecting diversity among strains within a single host species, as well as for identifying closely related strains found in different arthropod hosts. (asm.org)
  • Our findings provide molecular insights into the nature of, and response to, herbivory for a representative of a major class of arthropod herbivores. (omicsdi.org)
  • While pathogen-induced immunity is comparatively well characterized, far less is known about plant defense responses to arthropod herbivores. (omicsdi.org)
  • Most heat shock proteins (Hsp) function as molecular chaperones that help organisms to cope with stress of both an internal and external nature. (wiley.com)
  • In this review, we will focus on the ecological and evolutionary roles of stress-inducible heat shock proteins (Hsps), especially on Hsp70, one of the major heat shock proteins that has been intensively studied in model organisms and in naturally occurring populations. (wiley.com)
  • Serum Heat Shock Proteins as Novel Biomarker for Heart. (indigo.ca)
  • Our results demonstrate that mutant-PolyQ induces aggregates, disrupts the sarcomeric organization of contractile proteins, leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and increases oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes leading to abnormal cardiac function. (prolekare.cz)
  • Our phylogenomic analyses also provide strong support for the inclusion of pycnogonids in a monophyletic Chelicerata, a paraphyletic Cycloneuralia, and a common origin of Arthropoda (tardigrades, onychophorans and arthropods), suggesting that previous phylogenies grouping tardigrades and nematodes may also have been subject to tree-reconstruction artefacts. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • His research interests are centered on the physiological functions of different membrane proteins including beta-glycosyltransferases involved in the biosynthesis of chitin. (springer.com)
  • We utilized a yeast surface display library of tick gut proteins to perform a global screen for tick gut proteins that might interact with Borrelia membrane proteins. (nih.gov)
  • Initial comparisons of cultures incubated at pHs 6.0, 7.0, and 8.0 yielded alterations in the expression of seven membrane proteins as determined by probing with hyperimmune rabbit serum. (asm.org)
  • Six of these membrane proteins (54, 45, 44, 43, 35, and 24 kDa) were either present in increased amounts in or solely expressed by cultures incubated at pHs 6.0 and 7.0. (asm.org)
  • 43 ) observed that a subset of membrane proteins, OspC and the OspE- and -F-related proteins (Erps), are temperature regulated. (asm.org)
  • Apart from this function, molecular chaperones are involved in transport, folding, unfolding, assembly and disassembly of multi-structured units and degradation of misfolded or aggregated proteins ( Fig. 1 ). (wiley.com)
  • 13 , 14 A study has shown that neutralizing monoclonal antibodies generated against recombinant fragments of the envelope protein of dengue virus serotype 2 tend to be cross-reactive among flaviviruses, while nonneutralizing antibodies seem to be virus specific. (who.int)
  • This includes the transcription of the recombinant DNA to messenger RNA ( mRNA ), the translation of mRNA into polypeptide chains, which are ultimately folded into functional proteins and may be targeted to specific subcellular or extracellular locations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, the efficacy of immunization with recombinant ferritin 2 and native tick protein extracts (TPEs) against Ixodes ricinus infestations in calves was assessed in two immunization experiments. (frontiersin.org)
  • In the first experiment, each calf ( n = 3) was immunized twice with recombinant ferritin 2 from I. ricinus (IrFER2), TPE consisting of soluble proteins from the internal organs of partially fed I. ricinus females, or adjuvant, respectively. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this study a panel of recombinant proteins were developed that could be valuable for the development of diagnostic methods that differentiate infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA). (usda.gov)
  • Western blot analysis using anti-His antibodies and monoclonal antibodies against Gne and N confirmed expression of the recombinant proteins and in vitro biochemical analysis showed that the two glycoproteins, Gne and Gc, were expressed in glycosylated form. (usda.gov)
  • Immunoreactivity profiles of the recombinant proteins in western blot and in indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay against a panel of antisera obtained from vaccinated or wild type (RVFV) challenged sheep confirmed the results obtained with anti-His antibodies and demonstrated the suitability of the baculo-expressed antigens for diagnostic assays. (usda.gov)
  • In addition, these recombinant proteins could be valuable for the development of diagnostic methods that differentiate infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA). (usda.gov)
  • The present invention relates to the provision of leaf protein concentrate and food grade soluble functional proteins and possibly other high value products. (patents.com)
  • The endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis induces the expression of host antioxidant proteins in an Aedes albopictus cell line. (nih.gov)
  • Vaccination and immunization strategies to design Aedes aegypti salivary protein based subunit vaccine tackling Flavivirus infection. (ncbs.res.in)
  • Horseshoe crab hemocyte selectively responds to bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS), which depends critically on the proteolytic activity of the LPS-responsive serine protease zymogen factor C. In response to stimulation by LPS, the hemocyte secretes several kinds of immunocompetent proteins. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Most prominent among these insecticidal proteins are the Bt crystal (Cry) δ-endotoxin proteins produced by Bacillus thuringiensis that form crystalline inclusions during sporulation [ 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Transgenic crops expressing insecticidal, crystalline (Cry) Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) proteins were commercialized in the US in 1996. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Dissipation of insecticidal Cry1Ac protein and its toxicity to nontarget aquatic organisms. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Adsorption of insecticidal Cry1Ab protein to humic substances. (semanticscholar.org)
  • We assessed accessibility of protein fragments by calculating the solvent accessible surface area for the envelope and nonstructural-1 (NS1) proteins. (who.int)
  • A major accomplishment of Dr. Taylor's work has been the identification of a previously unnamed mouse-specific tripartite motif (TRIM) protein (now designated TRIM79) that targets the nonstructural 5 protein (NS5) from TBEV to inhibit virus replication. (utoledo.edu)
  • Its main virulence factor, the nonstructural protein NSs, is a strong inhibitor of the antiviral type I interferon (IFN) system. (asm.org)
  • Expression of engrailed proteins in arthropods, annelids, and chordates. (nih.gov)
  • Protein production systems (in lab jargon also referred to as 'expression systems') are used in the life sciences , biotechnology , and medicine . (wikipedia.org)
  • The best expression system depends on the gene involved, for example the Saccharomyces cerevisiae is often preferred for proteins that require significant posttranslational modification . (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonetheless, bacterial expression has the advantage of easily producing large amounts of protein, which is required for X-ray crystallography or nuclear magnetic resonance experiments for structure determination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here we compare the expression of protein in a cell line naturally infected with Wolbachia and an identical cell line cured of the infection through the use of antibiotics. (nih.gov)
  • The transgenes expressed are fluorescence reporters to analyze neuroanatomical aspects of the mushroom body, proteins to restrict ectopic gene expression to mushroom bodies, or fluorescent sensors to monitor physiological parameters of neuronal activity of Kenyon cells. (frontiersin.org)
  • A positive autoregulatory feedback loop for Sxl was known to maintain somatic cell female identity by producing SXL-F protein to continually instruct the target gene transformer ( tra ) to make its feminizing product, TRA-F. We discovered the reciprocal regulatory effect by studying genetically sensitized females: TRA-F from either maternal or zygotic tra expression stimulates Sxl -positive autoregulation. (genetics.org)
  • The 24-kDa protein that decreased in expression at pH 8.0 was identified as outer surface protein C (OspC). (asm.org)
  • In this study we examine the in vitro protein expression of B. burgdorferi at pH 6.0 to pH 8.0 and identify over 37 proteins that are regulated by the environmental pH. (asm.org)
  • Hormonal change was translated into downregulation of a series of other transcripts with broad influence on gene expression, protein translation, alternative histone marking by methylation and alternative splicing. (biomedcentral.com)
  • On the basis of these patterns, we suggest that engrailed is a gene whose ancestral function was in neurogenesis and whose function was co-opted during the evolution of segmentation in the arthropods, but not in the annelids and chordates. (nih.gov)
  • Hemolymph coagulation in arthropods plays key roles in host defense, including sealing wounds to staunch bleeding and immobilizing invading microorganisms. (elsevier.com)
  • The Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) encodes structural proteins, nucleoprotein (N), N-terminus glycoprotein (Gn), C-terminus glycoprotein (Gc) and L protein, 78-kDa and non-structural proteins NSm and NSs. (usda.gov)
  • In addition, a sub-cuticular epidermis-derived protein forms a TGase-stabilized mesh at sites of injury. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The collective evidence suggests that CuniNPV encodes a functional F protein. (usda.gov)
  • The S RNA encodes the nucleocapsid (N) protein. (cdc.gov)
  • The L RNA encodes the L protein, which functions as the viral transcriptase/replicase. (cdc.gov)
  • Moreover, the passage of B. burgdorferi in vitro resulted in selection of noninfectious spirochetes with alterations in plasmid and protein profiles ( 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • Recent phylogenomic studies are beginning to resolve arthropod relationships. (els.net)
  • More re- eases and Other Arthropod Borne Bacte- revealed by monoclonal antibodies. (cdc.gov)
  • Detection of histidine rich protein 2 and panmalarial ICT Malaria Pf/Pv test antigens after chloroquine treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria does not reliably predict treatment outcome in eastern Indonesia. (ajtmh.org)
  • A tick gut protein with fibronectin III domains aids Borrelia burgdorferi congregation to the gut during transmission. (nih.gov)
  • Within this function, we looked into the molecular physiology of digestive function in the scorpion with a mix of transcriptomic, proteomic and enzymological techniques, mainly concentrating on proteins digestion. (antibodyassay.com)
  • The L protein produces nascent genomes by replication via a positive-sense RNA intermediate. (cdc.gov)
  • Diversity and natural selection in Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein gene. (ajtmh.org)
  • Arthropods exhibit unparalleled diversity and abundance along with a correspondingly large ecological impact. (els.net)
  • Many invertebrates have the capacity to synthesise immune proteins with an enormous range of sequence variability. (biologists.org)
  • The existence of such hypervariable proteins has led to speculation that they could constitute part of a system that would allow immune memory, or at least immune specificity, in invertebrates. (biologists.org)
  • Protein extracts of each cell line were analyzed by two dimensional gel electrophoresis and LC/MS/MS. Our results show the upregulation of host antioxidant proteins, which are active against ROS generated by aerobic cell metabolism and during an immune response. (nih.gov)
  • NS4A has the highest number (190 k -mers) of protein fragments on the list. (who.int)
  • In this collaborative research project between ARS and the Laboratory of Virology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands, investigations were conducted to investigate the functionality of an envelope fusion protein (Cuni-F) from a mosquito baculovirus (CuniNPV), which is a potent pathogen of Culex mosquitoes. (usda.gov)
  • These findings suggest the existence of plasticity in the IMD pathway of arthropods. (nature.com)
  • Despite their vast number and varied existence, all arthropods share certain characteristics. (scholastic.com)
  • p>This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. (uniprot.org)
  • Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed. (uniprot.org)
  • a href='/help/protein_existence' target='_top'>More. (uniprot.org)
  • A cross‐section of a typical arthropod segment showing basic characteristics. (els.net)
  • The group is generally regarded as monophyletic, and many analyses support the placement of arthropods with cycloneuralians (or their constituent clades) in a superphylum Ecdysozoa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasmodium vivax interaction with the human Duffy blood group glycoprotein: identification of a parasite receptor-like protein. (ajtmh.org)
  • The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an acellular three-dimensional network composed of proteins, glycoproteins, proteoglycans and exopolysaccharides. (springer.com)