Abnormal communication most commonly seen between two internal organs, or between an internal organ and the surface of the body.
An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.
An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).
An abnormal passage or communication leading from an internal organ to the surface of the body.
An abnormal passage or communication between a bronchus and another part of the body.
An abnormal passage between two or more BLOOD VESSELS, between ARTERIES; VEINS; or between an artery and a vein.
An abnormal anatomical passage connecting the RECTUM to the outside, with an orifice at the site of drainage.
Abnormal passage communicating with the STOMACH.
An abnormal passage in any part of the URINARY TRACT between itself or with other organs.
Abnormal passage communicating with the ESOPHAGUS. The most common type is TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA between the esophagus and the TRACHEA.
Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.
Abnormal passage communicating with the PANCREAS.
An abnormal anatomical passage between the RECTUM and the VAGINA.
An abnormal anatomical passage between the URINARY BLADDER and the VAGINA.
An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.
An abnormal anatomical passage that connects the VAGINA to other organs, such as the bladder (VESICOVAGINAL FISTULA) or the rectum (RECTOVAGINAL FISTULA).
Abnormal passage between the ESOPHAGUS and the TRACHEA, acquired or congenital, often associated with ESOPHAGEAL ATRESIA.
An abnormal passage in the URINARY BLADDER or between the bladder and any surrounding organ.
Abnormal communication between two ARTERIES that may result from injury or occur as a congenital abnormality.
Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
An acquired or spontaneous abnormality in which there is communication between CAVERNOUS SINUS, a venous structure, and the CAROTID ARTERIES. It is often associated with HEAD TRAUMA, specifically basilar skull fractures (SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR). Clinical signs often include VISION DISORDERS and INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION.
An abnormal passage communicating between any components of the digestive system, or between any part of the digestive system and surrounding organ(s).
Congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities involving ARTERIES; VEINS; or venous sinuses in the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and MENINGES.
An abnormal passage within the mouth communicating between two or more anatomical structures.
An irregularly shaped venous space in the dura mater at either side of the sphenoid bone.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
Pathological processes involving the URETHRA.
Congenital abnormality characterized by the lack of full development of the ESOPHAGUS that commonly occurs with TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL FISTULA. Symptoms include excessive SALIVATION; GAGGING; CYANOSIS; and DYSPNEA.
Large veins on either side of the root of the neck formed by the junction of the internal jugular and subclavian veins. They drain blood from the head, neck, and upper extremities, and unite to form the superior vena cava.
A fistula between the maxillary sinus and the oral cavity.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.
Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.
Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
Malformations of CORONARY VESSELS, either arteries or veins. Included are anomalous origins of coronary arteries; ARTERIOVENOUS FISTULA; CORONARY ANEURYSM; MYOCARDIAL BRIDGING; and others.
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
An autologous or commercial tissue adhesive containing FIBRINOGEN and THROMBIN. The commercial product is a two component system from human plasma that contains more than fibrinogen and thrombin. The first component contains highly concentrated fibrinogen, FACTOR VIII, fibronectin, and traces of other plasma proteins. The second component contains thrombin, calcium chloride, and antifibrinolytic agents such as APROTININ. Mixing of the two components promotes BLOOD CLOTTING and the formation and cross-linking of fibrin. The tissue adhesive is used for tissue sealing, HEMOSTASIS, and WOUND HEALING.
Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.
Pathological processes involving the PHARYNX.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A fistula between a salivary duct or gland and the cutaneous surface of the oral cavity.
Pathological processes involving the URETERS.
Vomiting of blood that is either fresh bright red, or older "coffee-ground" in character. It generally indicates bleeding of the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Many species of this genus, including the medicinal C. senna and C. angustifolia, have been reclassified into the Senna genus (SENNA PLANT) and some to CHAMAECRISTA.
Veins draining the cerebrum.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
Accumulation of purulent material in tissues, organs, or circumscribed spaces, usually associated with signs of infection.
Substances used to cause adherence of tissue to tissue or tissue to non-tissue surfaces, as for prostheses.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
The region of the upper limb in animals, extending from the deltoid region to the HAND, and including the ARM; AXILLA; and SHOULDER.
Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)
The venous trunk which receives blood from the lower extremities and from the pelvic and abdominal organs.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.
The venous trunk of the upper limb; a continuation of the basilar and brachial veins running from the lower border of the teres major muscle to the outer border of the first rib where it becomes the subclavian vein.
Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
Surgical anastomosis of the pancreatic duct, or the divided end of the transected pancreas, with the jejunum. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.
Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.
Abnormal formation of blood vessels that shunt arterial blood directly into veins without passing through the CAPILLARIES. They usually are crooked, dilated, and with thick vessel walls. A common type is the congenital arteriovenous fistula. The lack of blood flow and oxygen in the capillaries can lead to tissue damage in the affected areas.
Surgical removal of the pancreas. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
Veins in the neck which drain the brain, face, and neck into the brachiocephalic or subclavian veins.
The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
A vein on either side of the body which is formed by the union of the external and internal iliac veins and passes upward to join with its fellow of the opposite side to form the inferior vena cava.
Total or partial excision of the larynx.
A birth defect due to malformation of the URETHRA in which the urethral opening is below its normal location. In the male, the malformed urethra generally opens on the ventral surface of the PENIS or on the PERINEUM. In the female, the malformed urethral opening is in the VAGINA.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The vein accompanying the femoral artery in the same sheath; it is a continuation of the popliteal vein and becomes the external iliac vein.
The fluid separating the membranous labyrinth from the osseous labyrinth of the ear. It is entirely separate from the ENDOLYMPH which is contained in the membranous labyrinth. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1396, 642)
A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
The inferior and superior venae cavae.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.
Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.
A tissue adhesive that is applied as a monomer to moist tissue and polymerizes to form a bond. It is slowly biodegradable and used in all kinds of surgery, including dental.
Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
The excision of lung tissue including partial or total lung lobectomy.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Arteries which supply the dura mater.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
A stricture of the ESOPHAGUS. Most are acquired but can be congenital.
Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
The compartment containing the inferior part and anterior extremities of the frontal lobes (FRONTAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. It is formed mainly by orbital parts of the FRONTAL BONE and the lesser wings of the SPHENOID BONE.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its organs and on the male or female genitalia.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
Abnormal protrusion of both eyes; may be caused by endocrine gland malfunction, malignancy, injury, or paralysis of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.
Radiographic visualization or recording of a vein after the injection of contrast medium.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
Surgery performed on the male genitalia.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.
The larger of the two terminal branches of the brachial artery, beginning about one centimeter distal to the bend of the elbow. Like the RADIAL ARTERY, its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to their locations in the forearm, wrist, and hand.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
The continuation of the axillary vein which follows the subclavian artery and then joins the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.
Creation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastrointestinal compression.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.
Part of the arm in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.
Surgical formation of an opening through the ABDOMINAL WALL into the JEJUNUM, usually for enteral hyperalimentation.
A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.
Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
Radiographic visualization of the cerebral ventricles by injection of air or other gas.
A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the esophagus.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
Surgical procedure involving the creation of an opening (stoma) into the chest cavity for drainage; used in the treatment of PLEURAL EFFUSION; PNEUMOTHORAX; HEMOTHORAX; and EMPYEMA.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
Suppurative inflammation of the pleural space.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
Surgical formation of an external opening (stoma) into the esophagus.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Diseases of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
Endoscopes used for examining the interior of the stomach.
The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.
Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic tapeworms of the genus ECHINOCOCCUS, such as Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. Ingested Echinococcus ova burrow into the intestinal mucosa. The larval migration to the liver via the PORTAL VEIN leads to watery vesicles (HYDATID CYST).
An opaque, milky-white fluid consisting mainly of emulsified fats that passes through the lacteals of the small intestines into the lymphatic system.
Pathologic process consisting of a partial or complete disruption of the layers of a surgical wound.
Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.

Endovascular stent graft repair of aortopulmonary fistula. (1/89)

Two patients who had aortopulmonary fistula of postoperative origin with hemoptysis underwent successful repair by means of an endovascular stent graft procedure. One patient had undergone repeated thoracotomies two times, and the other one time to repair anastomotic aneurysms of the descending aorta after surgery for Takayasu's arteritis. A self-expanding stainless steel stent covered with a Dacron graft was inserted into the lesion through the external iliac or femoral artery. The patients recovered well, with no signs of infection or recurrent hemoptysis 8 months after the procedure. Endovascular stent grafting may be a therapeutic option for treating patients with aortopulmonary fistula.  (+info)

Surgical treatment of a coronary artery fistula with concomitant saccular coronary artery aneurysm: a case report. (2/89)

An extremely rare case of a coronary artery fistula with a concomitant saccular aneurysm is presented. A 65-year-old woman, who had a history of chest bruising 5 years earlier, suffered from chest pain, which was diagnosed as being due to left coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistulae concomitant with a giant saccular coronary artery aneurysm. Suture closure of the afferent coronary artery to the aneurysm, aneurysmorrhaphy, and transpulmonary closure of coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistulae were performed. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was well at 3 months after the operation. Because the risk of surgery appears to be less than the potential development of fatal complications, it is recommended for the treatment of coronary artery fistula with a concomitant saccular aneurysm.  (+info)

Doppler detection of arterio-arterial anastomoses in monochorionic twins: feasibility and clinical application. (3/89)

The accuracy of in-vivo detection of arterio-arterial anastomoses (AAA) in monochorionic (MC) twins and its predictive value for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) was assessed in 105 consecutive MC twins scanned at fortnightly intervals. AAA were sought using spectral and colour energy Doppler and ultrasound findings were compared with placental injection studies. AAA were identified in vivo in 59 (56%) pregnancies and at injection study in 68 (65%). The overall sensitivity and specificity was 85 and 97.3% respectively for the detection of AAA. Detection rates were higher at later gestations, with anterior placentae and with larger diameter AAA. The median insonation time to detect an AAA was 10 min (range 1-30). Where an AAA was identified, 15% of pregnancies (nine of 59) developed TTTS compared to 61% (28 of 46) when no AAA was seen (odds ratio 8.6). We conclude that AAA can be detected in vivo with high sensitivity and specificity without undue prolongation of scanning times and have a role in risk stratification in the antenatal assessment of MC twins.  (+info)

Local pulmonary malformation caused by bilateral coronary artery and bronchial artery fistulae to the left pulmonary artery in a patient with coronary artery disease. (4/89)

At 10 years of age and again at 25, our patient had been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis due to the presence of a localized pulmonary shadow. Coronary angiography at age 59 revealed 3 fistulous communications: from the right and circumflex coronary arteries and from the left bronchial artery. All 3 emptied into the same recipient artery, the distal part of a left pulmonary artery branch, which produced substantial left-to-right shunt. On computed tomography, cystic formations could be seen in the pulmonic area. The pulmonary tuberculosis for which this patient had been treated in his youth was in the same part of the lung where the shunt was discovered. Our conclusion is that the initial diagnosis was in error.  (+info)

Plexus between internal mammary graft and pulmonary vasculature after minimally invasive coronary surgery. (5/89)

We report a complication associated with minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting surgery The patient suffered a nonfatal anterior myocardial infarction 1 day after he underwent minimally invasive bypass grafting using the internal mammary artery. Two months later, coronary arteriography revealed a fistulous connection between the left internal mammary graft and the left pulmonary vasculature. To our knowledge, this particular complication has not been reported following minimally invasive coronary surgery.  (+info)

Allograft aortic root replacement for aortic valve endocarditis with aortopulmonary fistula. (6/89)

Acute infective endocarditis affecting the aortic root and valve associated with development of a fistulous communication between the aorta and pulmonary artery was presented in a young Turkish girl. Emergency surgery was required. Operation consisted initially of closure of the defect on the main pulmonary artery with a pericardial patch. This was followed by allograft aortic root replacement.  (+info)

Bilateral anomalous origins of the posterior meningeal artery from the ascending pharyngeal arteries. (7/89)

We present a rare case of angiographically confirmed dural arteriovenous fistula supplied mainly by the posterior meningeal artery with bilateral anomalous origins from the bilateral ascending pharyngeal arteries. The bilaterality of the origins of the posterior meningeal artery is important in the angiographic diagnosis and management of a dural vascular malformation in the posterior fossa or the posterior part of the falx cerebri.  (+info)

Prominent systolic coronary flow in a coronary artery fistula with a giant aneurysma. (8/89)

A 68-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to hospital because of chest oppression during exertion. Coronary angiography showed a coronary artery fistula with a giant aneurysm, which originated from both the left anterior descending (LAD) and right coronary arteries. We investigated coronary blood flow velocity using the Doppler guide wire technique. The coronary flow pattern showed a very prominent systolic component, whereas the diastolic flow components were nearly normal before the operation at the LAD site proximal to the coronary artery fistula. This pattern returned to normal after the operation. This report describes the relationship between the coronary steal phenomenon and coronary flow dynamics investigated directly using the Doppler guidewire technique.  (+info)

Coronary-pulmonary artery fistula is an uncommon cardiac anomaly, usually congenital. Most coronary-pulmonary artery fistulas are clinically and haemodynamically insignificant and are usually found incidentally. This report describes a case of complex coronary-pulmonary artery fistula with two feeding vessels of separate origins: one from the proximal part of the left anterior descending artery and another arising from the right aortic cusp. The complex anatomy of the fistula was shown in detail by multidetector computed tomography using multiplanar reconstruction and 3D volume rendering techniques.. ...
A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for examination of a chest X-ray abnormality. Chest computed tomography and coronary angiography revealed a giant aneurysm and coronary-pulmonary artery fistula originating from both the proximal left anterior descending and the right coronary artery. The fistula was ligated and the aneurysm was resected by means of extracorporeal circulation. The postoperative course was uneventful. Computed tomography and coronary angiography showed that the aneurysm and coronary-pulmonary artery fistula had completely disappeared ...
View details of top aorta pulmonary artery fistula hospitals in Kolkata. Get guidance from medical experts to select best aorta pulmonary artery fistula hospital in Kolkata
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Multiple coronary artery-pulmonary artery-bronchial artery fistulas. by Reiji Hattori et al.
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Coronary artery fistulae (CAF) are rare anomalies. They are vascular communications between the coronary arteries and other cardiac structures, either cardiac chambers or great vessels. There can be considerable variation in the course of a coronary artery fistula. We report a case of a coronary artery fistula between the left circumflex coronary artery and the right and left atria. CAF are often diagnosed by coronary angiogram, however with the advent of new technologies such as Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (Coronary CTA) the course and communications of these fistulae can be delineated non-invasively and with greater accuracy.
A 60-year-old man with end-stage heart failure underwent orthotopic heart transplantation. Before transplantation, he had elevated pulmonary artery (PA) pressures (60/17 mm Hg, mean PA 35 mm Hg) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) (6.6 Wood units).. Following transplantation, he initially did well, with normalization of PA pressures (27/13 mm Hg, mean PA 20 mm Hg). Several months later, however, he developed overt right heart failure. Invasive hemodynamic evaluation demonstrated severe pulmonary hypertension (92/51 mm Hg, mean PA 66 mm Hg) with a PVR of 10 Wood units. There was no evidence of allograft rejection or pulmonary embolism. Transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction and enlargement. Color flow Doppler imaging demonstrated continuous flow from the ascending aorta into the main PA. The anatomy was confirmed by computed tomographic angiographic imaging (Fig. 1). ...
We present the case of a 74 year old patient, hypertensive, dyslipidemic, with a personal history of angina going back several years, with an acute coronary syndrome without ST elevation which occurred in the past year, complicated with residual angina and heart failure symptoms. She is admitted accusing chest pain at rest, ceasing spon-taneously after 10 minutes and dyspnea occurring during medium intensity efforts ...
Coronary artery fistulas are rare congenital or acquired coronary artery anomalies that can originate from any of the three major coronary arteries & drain in all the cardiac chambers & great vessels. A combination like the one described in the present case, patient presented with myocardial infarction, is unusual since fistulas originate from left coronary artery in about 35% cases & drain into the pulmonary artery occurs in only 17%. Keywords: Coronary artery fistula, Myocardial infarction, ACS, Congenital malformation
Coronary artery fistulas are rare and vary widely in their morphological appearance and presentation. This paper presents experience of catheter closure of coronary artery fistulas in 40 patients. Catheter closure was performed with a variety of tech
The LAD fistula to the MPA was ligated after constructing the left internal mammary artery to the LAD graft. However, the RCA fistula was left alone due to its unfavorable location for exposure or ligation, and postoperative transcatheter embolization was planned.. Although various imaging modalities have been used, intraoperative 2D TEE has been used for diagnosis and evaluation of coronary artery fistulae.1-3 However, the limitations of 2D TEE make angiography the preferred method of visualizing this pathology.4 Manipulating the TEE probe to acquire appropriate 2D images and interpreting the images accurately are challenging in complex fistula pathology. Even under favorable conditions, greater effort may be required to obtain and combine multiple 2D images. The X-plane mode may partly overcome the limitation of 2D TEE imaging; it instantaneously produces an additional 2D image and multiplane angle, and angulation of the additional image to the original can be changed by adjusting knob and ...
Souto, Rafael Mansur, Santos, Alair Augusto Sarmet Moreira Damas dos and Nacif, Marcelo Souto Persistent Primitive Hypoglossal Artery Associated with Brain Stem Ischemia in an Elderly Patient. Int. J. Cardiovasc. Sci., Oct 2018, vol.31, no.5, p.548-550. ISSN 2359- ...
A 78-year-old woman presented with an abrupt onset of chest pain and dyspnea. Fourteen years before admission, she had undergone aortic root and valve replacement with the Bentall-de Bono continuous-suture wrap-inclusion technique because of an aneurysm of the ascending aorta and severe aortic valve regurgitation. Physical examination revealed signs of congestive heart failure and poor peripheral perfusion. The admission radiograph (Figure 1) showed lung congestion predominantly in the right lung, bilateral pleural effusion, elevation of the left hemidiaphragm, tracheal shift to the right side, and aortic arch calcification. The ECG (Figure 2) revealed sinus tachycardia at 111 bpm, frequent premature atrial beats, and repolarization abnormalities that consisted of T-wave inversion in the inferolateral leads. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a hypertrophied left ventricle with normal systolic function. Computed tomography disclosed a huge pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta (maximum ...
We report the case of a 54-year-old man, waitlisted for lung transplantation with a diagnosis of end-stage diffuse bronchiectasis. On arrival at the catheterization laboratory for coronary angiography prior to transplantation, the patient developed a hypertensive crisis (BP 200/110mmHg), at which stage he reported habitually uncontrolled blood pressure. Coronary angiography revealed coronary arteries free of lesions and a coronary artery fistula emerging from the left common trunk (LCT), 3mm in caliber at the proximal end and 2mm at the most distal end (Video 1, Appendix), with drainage to the left pulmonary artery, causing hemodynamic alterations in the form of high cardiac output (thermodilution 7.86l/min). Increased pulmonary pressures (mPAP 71mmHg, PVR 5.5 Wood units [WU]) associated with pulmonary hyperflow and significant diastolic dysfunction due to hypertensive heart disease evidenced in the rest of the study data (mean PCP 35mmHg and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure [LVEDP] ...
THE ROLE OFMULTIDETECTOR COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY IN THE FOLLOW UP OF CORONARY ARTERY FISTULA AFTER CLOSURE BY PERCUTANEOUS INTERVENTION ...
Christmann, Martin; Hoop, Ricarda; Dave, Hitendu; Quandt, Daniel; Knirsch, Walter; Kretschmar, Oliver (2017). Closure of coronary artery fistula in childhood: treatment techniques and long-term follow-up. Clinical Research in Cardiology, 106(3):211-218. ...
Coronary artery fistulae (CAF) represent an abnormal communication bypassing the myocardial capillary bed between a coronary artery and either a cardiac chamber (coronary-cameral CAF) or a vascular structure from systemic or pulmonary circulation (coronary-vascular CAF). CAF represent a congenital anomaly in 0.2% of the population, but are more frequently found in heart transplant recipients (8%), mostly as coronary-right ventricle (RV) CAF caused by endomyocardial biopsy used for monitoring of rejection1,2. Other complications of myocardial biopsy include perforation of the RV wall and tricuspid valve damage2. Several case reports have shown successful transcatheter closure of CAF3,4. We aimed to analyse .... ...
Systemic artery-pulmonary artery shunts have been made in dogs and the relation between pulmonary artery pressure and blood flow and the development of vascular lesions has been studied. Arteriolar medial hypertrophy and intimal proliferation are not necessarily incited by a large blood flow, but such lesions are more readily induced by an end-to-end than by an end-to-side type of shunt. Intimal proliferation is not associated with stainable alterations in elastic tissue or lipid infiltration. Vascular lesions do not readily regress when the inciting factor is removed.. ...
2 Departments of Cardiovascular Surgery, Başkent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. DOI : 10.24953/turkjped.2020.04.011 Background and objectives. In this study, we aimed to review the treatment options and long-term problems of patients who were diagnosed with coronary artery fistulae (CAF) in our institution. We also tried to determine the most appropriate time for treatment of this condition.. Method. From 2000 to 2018, the medical records of 56 patients (33 males and 23 females) who had CAF diagnoses were retrospectively reviewed.. Results. The mean age of the patients at the time of diagnosis was 3.9 ± 4.6 years (range, 1 month to 18 years) and the mean duration of the follow-up period was 7.4 ± 4.5 years (range, 1 year to 17.5 years). The right coronary artery (RCA) was the most common origin site for CAF, the left main coronary artery (LMCA) was the second most common origin site whereas the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was the third most common origin ...
Coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) are infrequent congenital malformations, although some may be acquired: iatrogenic (during thoracic surgery or PCI) or traumatic. The incidence of CAFs has not been well defined but it is found in less than 0.2% of angiographic examinations. CAFs, even if rarely, may cause heart failure, spontaneous intrapericardial rupture or myocardial ischemia due to coronary steal phenomenon. The literature reports very few cases of patients where a CAF was associated with a coronary artery disease (CAD). The consequences of this association on coronary haemodynamics and myocardial blood flow (BF) was poorly investigated ...
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of interlocking detachable coils (IDC) for transcatheter occlusion of vascular communications in congenital heart disease. BACKGROUND: The IDC can be delivered in a retractable fashion through hydrophilic Renegad
Coronary-to-cardiac chamber fistulae and coronary aneurysms are potential complications after heart transplantation. In the setting of exercise intolerance and large fistulae at major coronary vessels, covered stents may provide an effective interventional strategy.
Case Reports in Vascular Medicine is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports in all areas of vascular medicine.
Multiple coronary artery fistulae arising from all 3 major coronary arteries emptying into the LV are extremely rare. There are case reports and small series that have demonstrated inducible ischemia on myocardial nuclear studies.1 There are no reports that demonstrate the subendocardial nature of inducible ischemia as observed in this case by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging. It is commonly believed that the perfusion defect corresponds to the region of myocardium that is bypassed by the intramyocardial fistulae. Adenosine-induced hyperemia decreases the diastolic perfusion gradient, increasing shunting by the fistulae and hence causing a coronary steal phenomenon. This steal phenomenon explains the clinical finding that sublingual nitrates exacerbate ischemic symptoms. In the present case, symptoms were abolished by β-blockade.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Congenital coronary artery fistula presenting later in life. AU - Abusaid, Ghassan H.. AU - Hughes, Douglas. AU - Khalife, Wissam I.. AU - Parto, Parham. AU - Gilani, Syed A.. AU - Fujise, Ken. PY - 2011/8/1. Y1 - 2011/8/1. N2 - A 53-year-old male presented to our tertiary medical center with complaints of dyspnea and exertional chest pain with mild left ventricular dysfunction and right ventricular enlargement on echocardiography. Cardiac catheterization showed a congenital right coronary artery fistula communicating with the right sided chambers. Using contrast enhanced multi-detector computed tomography scan, the fistula was clearly draining into the coronary sinus. We describe briefly the etiology of coronary artery fistula, its clinical presentation, and the common tests used to confirm diagnosis. We further discuss the types of treatment modalities that are currently available.. AB - A 53-year-old male presented to our tertiary medical center with complaints of dyspnea and ...
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF) is an uncommon anomaly. It can become symptomatic, associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We report our experience in percutaneous treatment of CAF. METHODS AND RESULTS Four patients with five CAFs were treated. All were symptomatic at admission. Four fistulas rose from the left anterior descending coronary artery. The fifth originated from the right coronary sinus. All drained into the pulmonary artery. Percutaneous treatment was performed using microcoils in two cases and Hydrocoils in the last two patients (three fistulas). A complete occlusion was achieved in all. There was no complication related with the procedure, and all were asymptomatic at the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS Transcatheter closure of CAFs with microcoils/Hydrocoils is feasible and safe in the anatomically suitable vessels, with low rates of complications. Percutaneous treatment with microcoils/Hydrocoils is a valid option in symptomatic patients.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Bronchial-pulmonary artery fistula with fatal massive hemoptysis caused by anastomotic bronchial aspergillus infection in a lung transplant recipient. AU - Slatore, Christopher G.. AU - Yank, Veronica. AU - Jewell, Kim D.. AU - Fligner, Corinne L.. PY - 2007/11/1. Y1 - 2007/11/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38549119640&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38549119640&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. C2 - 17971258. AN - SCOPUS:38549119640. VL - 52. SP - 1542. EP - 1545. JO - Respiratory Care. JF - Respiratory Care. SN - 0020-1324. IS - 11. ER - ...
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Continued experience confirms the suitability of electrovitreotomy for dividing pathogenically taut proliferative and non-proliferative vitreous forms with a minimum of bleeding, and an inability to cut vitreous of ordinary consistency and tension. It differs directly with electrovitrectomy in these regards. To use effectively with a minimum of complications it is mandatory to have a vitrectomy capability immediately at hand and to respect a wide variety of interrelated factors that include: current density, electrical resistance of tissues, duration of electrical action: dimension, insulation, and configuration of the electrode: configuration, tension, location, and morphological content of dissectable structures. Mobile and dispersed blood in the liquid of the retrovitreal space often surrounds cuttable vitreous lesions. Frequently rest causes it to sediment and improves viewing sufficiently to permit effective electrovitreotomy without vitrectomy. ...
İSTANBUL AYDIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ UYGULAMA GAZETESİ / ISTANBUL AYDIN UNIVERSITY PERIODICAL JOURNAL 1 Ocak-1 Mayıs 2014 / 1 st January 1 st May 2014 İstanbul Aydın Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesinden Hizmet
We report an interesting case of a 66-year-old man with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with bilateral coronary ostial stenosis cardiovascular syphilis complicated by aortic regurgitation (AR). A 12-lead electrocardiogram and blood tests on arrival suggested AMI, and echocardiography showed moderate AR. Emergency coronary angiography showed bilateral coronary ostial stenosis. The patient underwent emergency surgical treatment, coronary artery bypass grafting, and aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthetic valve. On arrival, rapid plasma reagin and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination tests were 172.2- and 1187.5-fold, respectively. These results suggested cardiovascular syphilis, which was confirmed by pathological findings. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was transferred to another hospital on postoperative day 25. This patient received intravenous penicillin for 2 weeks and subsequently oral amoxicillin. When both AR and coronary ostial stenosis are found, it is necessary
AIM. To assess the functionality of congenital coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) using adenosine stress N-13-ammonia positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT).. METHODS. Congenital CAFs were incidentally detected during coronary angiography (CAG) procedures in 11 adult patients (six males and five females) with a mean age of 64.3 years (range 41-81). Patients were collected from three institutes in the Netherlands. The characteristics of the fistulas (origin, pathway and termination), multiplicity of the origins and pathways of the fistulous vessels were assessed by CAG. Five patients underwent adenosine pharmacologic stress N-13-ammonia PET-CT to assess myocardial perfusion and the functional behavior of the fistula.. RESULTS. Eleven patients with 12 CAFs, 10 unilateral and one bilateral, originating from the left anterior descending coronary artery (n = 8), right coronary artery (n = 2) and circumflex (n = 2). All fistulas were of the vascular type, terminating into either the ...
Roughly 10% to 32% of the population has a fetal origin PCA supplying their parieto-occipital lobes in which the P1 segment is hypoplastic and the PCA is supplied primarily by a larger diameter homolateral posterior communicating artery [5, 10]. Other potentially persistent primitive carotid basilar anastomoses include the primitive trigeminal artery, the primitive acoustic (otic) artery, the primitive hypoglossal artery, and the primitive proatlantic artery. The fetal origin PCA anatomic variant provides a potential conduit for emboli from ipsilateral ICA disease [6-9]. To the best of our knowledge, artery-to-artery embolism from cervical ICA pseudoaneurysm to fetal PCA has not been previously reported. Pseudoaneurysm usually develops as a result of trauma, with rupture of the affected artery through the intima and media into the subadventitial plane. The resulting tear is contained by the adventitia forming a pseudoaneurysm. Unlike true aneurysms, pseudoaneurysms do not involve dilatation of ...
Looking for online definition of aortopulmonary fenestration in the Medical Dictionary? aortopulmonary fenestration explanation free. What is aortopulmonary fenestration? Meaning of aortopulmonary fenestration medical term. What does aortopulmonary fenestration mean?
This rate is substantially slower than the average replication rates estimated for murine (once per 2.5 weeks) and feline (once per 8.3-10 weeks) HSC in vivo. A microscopic film of the movements of bull sperm cells in generic cialis available dark-field illumination. Some of this pheromone is probably produced by cells whose precursors are very close to, or identical with, the precursors of the sternites and thorax. Herein, we provide genetic and biochemical evidence to definitively demonstrate that a C-terminal loop structure, formed by residues 652-678, is the critical region of CBD for both TLRs and integrins. This response was followed 30 min later by evidence of increased protein synthesis. In many cases roentgen examination was performed with the patient in both the erect and the left lateral decubitus positions.. A case of coronary recanalization, complicated by coronary fistula created by an angioplasty guidewire, buy viagra is reported. Baseline levels of three adrenal androgens ...
ICD-10-PCS code B241ZZZ for Ultrasonography of Multiple Coronary Arteries is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range - Heart.
Revision: 10766 http://supertuxkart.svn.sourceforge.net/supertuxkart/?rev=10766&view=rev Author: hikerstk Date: 2012-01-30 22:20:31 +0000 (Mon, 30 Jan 2012) Log Message: ----------- Moved terrain particle effectrs from kart into kart_gfx. Modified Paths: -------------- main/trunk/src/karts/kart.cpp main/trunk/src/karts/kart.hpp main/trunk/src/karts/kart_gfx.cpp main/trunk/src/karts/kart_gfx.hpp Modified: main/trunk/src/karts/kart.cpp =================================================================== --- main/trunk/src/karts/kart.cpp 2012-01-30 22:14:34 UTC (rev 10765) +++ main/trunk/src/karts/kart.cpp 2012-01-30 22:20:31 UTC (rev 10766) @@ -93,14 +93,12 @@ m_race_position = position; m_collected_energy = 0; m_finished_race = false; - m_wheel_toggle = 1; m_finish_time = 0.0f; m_bubblegum_time = 0.0f; m_invulnerable_time = 0.0f; m_squash_time = 0.0f; m_shadow_enabled = false; m_shadow = NULL; - m_terrain_particles = NULL; m_collision_particles = NULL; m_slipstream = NULL; m_skidmarks = NULL; @@ ...
Cardiology Research and Practice is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies that focus on the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease. The journal welcomes submissions related to systemic hypertension, arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, vascular disease, congenital heart disease, and cardiomyopathy.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Accuracy of cross-sectional echocardiography in diagnosis of aortopulmonary window. AU - Balaji, Seshadri. AU - Burch, Michael. AU - Sullivan, Ian D.. PY - 1991/3/15. Y1 - 1991/3/15. N2 - The first echocardiographic descriptions of the aortopulmonary window (APW) were case reports.1,2 These observations were extended by Smallhorn et al,3 who described appearances of an isolated APW in 4 infants and compared these with appearances in 14 patients with a common arterial trunk and in 6 with a single pulmonary artery originating at the ascending aorta. In these reports,1-3 diagnosis was also established by invasive investigation and did not include any patient who had APW with associated cardiac abnormalities. The publication of case reports as late as 1988 suggests that the echocardiographic diagnosis of even an isolated APW is not always straightforward,4 perhaps because the lesion may be confused with other structural abnormalities.5 There have been no reports of the accuracy of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Persistent hypoglossal artery with hypoplasia of the vertebral and posterior communicating arteries. AU - Terayama, Ryuji. AU - Toyokuni, Yuka. AU - Nakagawa, Shinsuke. AU - Nakatsuji, Kazuki. AU - Nakama, Hitomi. AU - Yamaai, Tomoichiro. AU - Ichikawa, Hiroyuki. AU - Sugimoto, Tomosada. PY - 2011/3. Y1 - 2011/3. N2 - We observed a rare case of the right persistent hypoglossal artery (PHA) in the posterior cranial fossa of a deceased 74-year-old Japanese man who did not have any clinical manifestations related to this anomaly when alive. The large-sized PHA originating from the cervical internal carotid artery passed through the hypoglossal canal together with the hypoglossal nerve and reached the posterior cranial fossa to anastomose the basilar artery. In addition, the ipsilateral vertebral artery and bilateral posterior communicating arteries were hypoplastic. Here, we discuss the developmental mechanisms underlying the formation of the PHA and the spectrum of diseases related ...
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Continuous parotid fistula secretion (1-4 litres daily) contrived severe Na depletion rapidly in sheep. Salivary Na/K ratio of ... This allowed revelation of direct action on the gland by adrenal arterial infusion of e.g. Na, K, ACTH in a conscious ... Many animal preparations made also embodied his novel idea of adrenal autotransplant into arterio-venous skin loops constructed ... As the fistula drained, blood pressure declined, respiration increased, and Cl- excretion in urine increased despite decline in ...
... arterio-arterial anastomosis), between veins (veno-venous anastomosis) or between an artery and a vein (arterio-venous ... Traumatic intestinal fistulas usually occur between two loops of intestine (entero-enteric fistula) or intestine and skin ( ... Arterio-arterial anastomoses include actual (e.g., palmar and plantar arches) and potential varieties (e.g., coronary arteries ... These are usually referred to as fistulas. In the cases of veins or arteries, traumatic fistulas usually occur between artery ...
The process of arteriogenesis can be drastically stimulated by increases in FSS (arterio-venous fistulas) and can be completely ... Schaper summarizes the status-2009 knowledge of coronary collateral transformation in a recent review: "Following an arterial ... Takeshita A, et al., "Immediate appearance of coronary collaterals during ergovine-induced arterial spasm," Chest 1982; 3: 319- ... Tada M, et al., "Transient collateral augmentation during coronary arterial spasm associated with ST-segment depression," ...
... arterio-arterial fistula MeSH C16.131.240.150 - arteriovenous malformations MeSH C16.131.240.150.125 - arteriovenous fistula ...
... arterio-arterial fistula MeSH C14.907.933.125 - arteriovenous fistula MeSH C14.907.934.140 - cryoglobulinemia MeSH C14.907. ... intracranial arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200 - cerebral arterial diseases MeSH C14.907.253.560.200.175 - cadasil ... MeSH C14.240.150.125 - arteriovenous fistula MeSH C14.240.150.295 - intracranial arteriovenous malformations MeSH C14.240. ... carotid-cavernous sinus fistula MeSH C14.907.253.123.353 - carotid artery, internal, dissection MeSH C14.907.253.123.360 - ...
... vesicovaginal fistula MeSH C23.300.575.950 - vascular fistula MeSH C23.300.575.950.150 - arterio-arterial fistula MeSH C23.300. ... oral fistula MeSH C23.300.575.500.275 - dental fistula MeSH C23.300.575.500.550 - oroantral fistula MeSH C23.300.575.500.775 - ... digestive system fistula MeSH C23.300.575.185.150 - biliary fistula MeSH C23.300.575.185.250 - esophageal fistula MeSH C23.300. ... gastric fistula MeSH C23.300.575.185.550 - intestinal fistula MeSH C23.300.575.185.550.600 - rectal fistula MeSH C23.300. ...
The arterial constrictions in moyamoya disease are unlike the constrictions in atherosclerosis. In atherosclerosis, the walls ... The modified direct anastomosis and encephalo-myo-arterio-synangiosis play a role in this improvement by increasing cerebral ... At least one case of simultaneous unilateral moyamoya syndrome and ipsilateral dural arteriovenous fistula has been reported at ... In moyamoya, the inner layer of the carotid artery proliferates within the arterial lumen. The artery also fills with blood ...
2013). "Spinal dural arterio-venous fistula: clinico-radiological profile and outcome following surgical occlusion in an Indian ... arterial wall swelling) or aortic dissection (a tear in the aorta). Anterior spinal artery syndrome is necrosis of tissue in ...
They require an arterial line and are therefore invasive. As with other arterial waveform systems, the short set-up and data ... The capacitance, also known as compliance, of the arterio-vascular channels that carry the blood also controls cardiac output. ... and improves fistula patency in the short term: a controlled cohort study". Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. 23 (11): ... This system estimates Q using an existing arterial catheter with variable accuracy. These arterial monitors do not require ...
Transcatheter arterial embolization for intercostal arterio-esophageal fistula in esophageal cancer. *Tetsuya Tajima1Email ... Esophageal cancerArterio-esophageal fistulaIntercostal arteryTranscatheter arterial embolization. Background. Esophageal ... Transcatheter arterial embolization is an effective treatment for non-aortic arterio-esophageal fistula. ... TAE transcatheter arterial embolization, AEF arterio-esophageal fistula, hyphen (-) not described ...
Known upper extremity occlusive arterial disease;. *Situation when ultrasound examination is not suitable: extreme swelling of ... Patients after creation of a native arterio-venous fistula at the cephalic vein for hemodialysis access. ... Colour Coded Duplex Ultrasound of Native Arterio-venous Fistula for Haemodialysis With Venous Pressure Measurement Using ... Colour Coded Duplex Ultrasound of Native Arterio-venous Fistula for Haemodialysis With Venous Pressure Measurement Using ...
Ruebben et al., "Arteriovenous fistulas induced by femoral arterial catheterization: percuntaneous treatment," Radiology, 209: ... DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ESTABLISHING AN ARTIFICIAL ARTERIO-VENOUS FISTULA. WO2006066210A2. 2006-06-22. METHOD OF TREATING COPD ... Method of treating COPD with artificial arterio-venous fistula and flow mediating systems. 2006-06-15. Brenneman et al.. ... The shunt rivet may also be installed in an artificial arterio-venous fistula formed between the femoral vein and femoral ...
... dialysis fistula stenosis; ruptured cerebral aneurysm; arterio-arterial, arteriovenous and/or veno-venous fistulae; ureteral ... Method and apparatus for removing arterial constriction. 1987-01-13. Wolinsky. 604/53. ...
Arterio-Arterial Fistula / diagnostic imaging* * Arterio-Arterial Fistula / embryology * Case-Control Studies ... or twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence, and monoamniotic and high-order multiple pregnancies, we identified 151 ...
Transcatheter arterial embolization for intercostal arterio-esophageal fistula in esophageal cancer.. Tajima T, Haruki S, Usui ... A Case of Primary Duodenal Cancer with Duodenocolic Fistula Treated with Pancreatoduodenectomy and Right Hemicolectomy]. ...
Ruebben et al., "Arteriovenous fistulas induced by femoral arterial catheterization: percuntaneous treatment," Radiology, 209: ... Device for establishing an artificial arterio-venous fistula US9364259B2 (en) 2009-04-21. 2016-06-14. Xlumena, Inc.. System and ... Device and method for establishing an artificial arterio-venous fistula US12502120 Active 2026-07-21 US8273095B2 (en) 2004-08- ... Device and method for establishing an artificial arterio-venous fistula US12888040 Active 2025-07-15 US8523800B2 (en) 2004-08- ...
Arterio-Arterial Fistula; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular; Hypertension, Portal; Prostate; Stents; Embolism and Thrombosis ...
Arterio-Arterial Fistula. *Arteriovenous Fistula. *Arteriovenous Malformations. *Blood Vessels. *Bronchial Arteries. *Carcinoma ...
Takeuchi K, Sakoguti T, Hidaka H. Skin ulcer after embolization of the arterio-venous fistula. Jpn J Phlebol 2005;16: 119-122. ... Abdominal wall hematoma Internal oblique muscle Subcostal artery Transcatheter arterial embolization This is a preview of ... Angiography showed contrast extravasation from the subcostal artery, and transcatheter arterial embolization was performed ... Clinical characteristics of pelvic fracture patients with gluteal necrosis resulting from transcatheter arterial embolization. ...
Methods and apparatus for treating aneurysms and arterio-venous fistulas. US5800521. 14 Nov 1996. 1 Sep 1998. Endotex ... Combination arterial stent. US5785679. 19 Jul 1995. 28 Jul 1998. Endotex Interventional Systems, Inc.. ... Cragg et al., "Nonsurgical Placement of Arterial Endoprostheses: A New Technique Using Nitinol Wire," Radiology, 147, pp. 261- ... Endovascular prosthesis with improved sealing means for aneurysmal arterial disease and method of use. ...
Fístula arterio-arterial sistémico-pulmonar como complicación tardía de cirugía biliar. Visits ... April 2019 Systemic-to-Pulmonary Artery Fistula as a Late Complication of Biliary Surgery ... Systemic-to-Pulmonary Artery Fistula as a Late Complication of Biliary Surgery ...
These aneurysms probably develop because of hepatic arterio-venous fistulas and secondary to changes in arterial hemodynamics. ... The Arterial phase demonstrated early enhancement of venous structures suggesting right arteriohepatic vein fistula (figure 2) ... such as high-output cardiac failure secondary to arterial to hepatic shunts and/or arterial aneurysms. In case of cardiac ... Numerous arterial to hepatic vein and arterioportal shunts were also identified, which have not been treated by any other ...
14 Low-flow situations found in venous reconstruction or arterio-venous fistulas further predispose these grafts to occlusion ... In these initial studies, we were able to demonstrate a proof-of-principle for magnetic capture of cells to arterial grafts. ... Autologous culture-modified mononuclear cells confer vascular protection after arterial injury. Circulation. 2003; 108: 1520- ... Veith FJ, Moss CM, Sprayregen S, Montefusco C. Preoperative saphenous venography in arterial reconstructive surgery of the ...
During a normal dialysis treatment, one end of an arterial line or tube is inserted into the upstream end of the fistula (i.e ... Hemodialysis is a complex treatment process in which, typically, an arterio-venous shunt, frequently termed a "fistula," is ... A venous line or tube connected to the output of the blood side of the dialyzer returns treated blood to the fistula at an ... A connector tube or arterial line 108-H transports blood from the HD patient 102-H to the HD device 106-H and back again to the ...
Continuous parotid fistula secretion (1-4 litres daily) contrived severe Na depletion rapidly in sheep. Salivary Na/K ratio of ... This allowed revelation of direct action on the gland by adrenal arterial infusion of e.g. Na, K, ACTH in a conscious ... Many animal preparations made also embodied his novel idea of adrenal autotransplant into arterio-venous skin loops constructed ... As the fistula drained, blood pressure declined, respiration increased, and Cl- excretion in urine increased despite decline in ...
... in presence of normal CT and MR examinations as it remains the best modality to show arterio-venous malformations and fistulas. ... Cervicocranial arterial dissection. Neurosurgery 1991; 29: 89-96. 9. Hart RG, Easton DJ. Dissection of cervical and cerebral ... Management of ICA dissection in acute situation with stroke, involve intra-arterial thrombolysis within six hours of onset. ...
Pulmonary arterio-venous fistulas *Increased capillary deoxygenation *Acrocyanosis of the newborn *Congestive heart failure * ... An arterial blood gas was normal. a dignosis of of cyanotic congenital heart disease was made, but the patient was also placed ... Decreased arterial oxygen saturation *Inadequate alveolar ventilation *Airway obstruction *Structural changes in the lungs (e.g ...
... arterio-venous fistula, infection…).. *Occurrence of minor punctured femoral artery events during the perioperative period (H0 ... Peripheral Arterial Disease. Peripheral Vascular Diseases. Atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis. Arterial Occlusive Diseases. ... Arterial closure systems reduce hemostasis and patient immobilization times, thus enabling early resumption of walking. These ... Over the past years, arterial closure systems have tended to replace manual compression to ensure hemostasis at femoral artery ...
... arterio-arterial anastomosis), between veins (veno-venous anastomosis) or between an artery and a vein (arterio-venous ... Traumatic intestinal fistulas usually occur between two loops of intestine (entero-enteric fistula) or intestine and skin ( ... Arterio-arterial anastomoses include actual (e.g., palmar and plantar arches) and potential varieties (e.g., coronary arteries ... These are usually referred to as fistulas. In the cases of veins or arteries, traumatic fistulas usually occur between artery ...
Leg arterial thrombolysis; Treatment of AV dialysis fistula; Vena Cava Filter placement and retrivial; Vena cava PTA and ... Selective arterial embolization for the control of gastrointestinal or traumatic bleeding; Embolization of arterio-venous ... Vascular Access; Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism; Vascular reconstruction in cancer patients; Arterial aneurysms ... Cerebrovascular diseases (carotid); Aortic aneurysm; Aortic dissection; Occuisive arterial disease of lower limbs; Diabetic ...
... and arterio-venous fistula (n=1). Follow-up program included visit and duplex-ultrasonography, X-rays and/or spiral-computed ... 18812699 - Oligonucleotide microarrays reveal regulated genes related to inward arterial remodelin.... 6744139 - Arterial ... 25032059 - Emergent thrombectomy in a neonate with an upper extremity arterial thrombus.. 11079669 - Cardiac troponin i ... We report our institutional experience with endovascular treatment of peripheral arterial injuries after blunt trauma. METHODS ...
... "arterio-arterial" shunt in the model. ... The arteriovenous fistula and the endovascularly placed balloon ... A microcatheter placed in the right APA serves as the arterial side of the AVM model (Note.-RCCA = right CCA; RAPA = right APA ... Prior to embolization, they found a mean pressure of 79.5 mm Hg in the arterial feeder, whereas the mean pressure in the ... Surgical construction of one common carotid to a jugular vein fistula through a large side-to-side anastomosis facilitates the ...
Transcatheter arterial embolization for intercostal arterio-esophageal fistula in esophageal cancer While esophageal fistula ... An iliac arterial pseudoaneurysm diagnosed 40 years after suffering blunt trauma A chronic iliac arterial pseudoaneurysm caused ... the management of non-aortic arterio-esophageal fistula has not been frequently reported. ... including anal fistula, fissure, hemorrhoidectomy, and anastomotic injury. We report a case of rectal... ...
Intravenous mannitol may be administered prior to arterial clamping for osmotic diuresis. Hilar clamping is done by the ... Figure 2a - Arterio-caliceal fistula: Renal angiogram demonstrating 3rd order inferior branch of renal artery with abnormal ... An incomplete disruption of the arterial wall can result in pseudoaneurysm or AV fistula formation as the wall attempts to heal ... The arterial clamp is removed typically after the renal capsule is closed, but may be removed before closure of the renal ...
... general Fistula Care and treatment Diagnosis Fistulas Primary health care Research ... Endovascular approach as primary treatment for traumatic carotid cavernous fistula: local experience from Pakistan.(Report) by ... The traditional approach has been embolizing the fistula from arterial approach however, in some cases due to multiple arterial ... The objective of endovascular treatment is to completely occlude the abnormal arterio-venous connections preferably sparing the ...
Methods and apparatus for treating aneurysms and arterio-venous fistulas US20030181843A1 (en) 2002-06-11. 2003-09-25. Scout ... 230000004872 arterial blood pressure Effects 0.000 description 3 * 238000009530 blood pressure measurement Methods 0.000 ... Methods and apparatus for treating aneurysms and arterio-venous fistulas US6228111B1 (en) 1995-09-27. 2001-05-08. Bionx ... permit survival in the presence of LAD arterial ligation as compared with the uniform non-viability of just LAD arterial ...
The cause of haemorrhage was a fistula between the principal bil duct and the right hepatic artery. This complication was ... In our case, surgery did not get the disconnection of the arterio-biliary fistula; Arterial embolisation with glue was the ... The angioscan can find the site of the fistula between the bile duct and the artery that is injured. We discovered that metal ... Most arterial complications occur secondary to direct injury or diathermy heat transmitted via surgical clips [4] . The ...
The second project we are working on is the in vivo (canine) arterio-venous fistula evaluation of our new 6mm ID nanofibrous ... Our preliminary results show striking differences in healing between our BAG and ePTFE AV-fistula graft. At the arterial and ...
... resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Pulmonary arterio-veinous fistula ... Arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and oxygen saturation (SaO2), are often low, and are inversely related to the size ... or when PAVMs acquire a systemic arterial supply, increasing the risk of hemoptysis. ...
  • As angiography revealed an intercostal artery pseudoaneurysm, transcatheter arterial embolization was performed. (springeropen.com)
  • Transcatheter arterial embolization is an effective treatment for non-aortic arterio-esophageal fistula. (springeropen.com)
  • We experienced a case of intercostal AEF after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for esophageal cancer that was treated with transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). (springeropen.com)
  • Angiography showed contrast extravasation from the subcostal artery, and transcatheter arterial embolization was performed successfully. (springer.com)
  • Katsumari T, Nakajima K. A case of spontaneous hemorrhage of the abdominal wall caused by the rupture of a deep iliac circumflex artery treated by transcatheter arterial embolization. (springer.com)
  • Takeuchi K, Sakoguti T, Hidaka H. Skin ulcer after embolization of the arterio-venous fistula. (springer.com)
  • Suzuki T, Shindo M, Kataoka Y. Clinical characteristics of pelvic fracture patients with gluteal necrosis resulting from transcatheter arterial embolization. (springer.com)
  • The role of the OA in supplying the dura is not well-known, but the understanding of the dural function of the OA and also of its possible variations is a cornerstone for surgical and endovascular treatment of dural pathologies (dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs), skull base meningiomas, chronic subdural hematoma embolization). (ajnr.org)
  • Post-coil embolization angiogram of the arterio-portal fistula. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • The procedures include: embolization of cerebral aneurysms, arterio-venous malformations and fistulae, thrombolysis for acute stroke and carotid and cerebral arterial stenting. (shemere.co.il)
  • Anaesthetic services are provided for magnetic resonance and computed tomography imaging studies in paediatric patients and uncooperative adults and in the cath lab for interventional procedures like embolization of arterio-venous malformations, arterio-venous fistulae of brain and spine, vein of Galen malformation, endovascular coiling of aneurysms, WADA testing, diagnostic angiography and intra-arterial therapy for stroke and vasospasm, and carotid stenting. (nimhans.ac.in)
  • An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. (harvard.edu)
  • Common complications of AVF and AVG are an infection, stenosis of the fistula, thrombosis, aneurysm, and limb ischemia. (conceptmedical.com)
  • Arterial Phase Axial CT shows abnormal enhancement of the left portal vein, an 8mm pseudo-aneurysm arising from a branch of the left hepatic artery (yellow arrow), and global Transient Hepatic Attenuation Differences (THAD) of the left lobe of the liver. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Advantages Disadvantages less danger of clotting and bleeding can be used indefinitely decreased incidence of infection no external dressing required freedom of movement cannot be used immediately after insertion venipuncture is required for dialysis infiltration of needles hematoma aneurysm in the fistula Arterial steal syndrome Congestive heart failure 26. (vdocuments.site)
  • Thrombosis Stenosis of fistula Aneurysm Steal syndrome Infection 31. (vdocuments.site)
  • A circulatory anastomosis is a connection (an anastomosis) between two blood vessels, such as between arteries (arterio-arterial anastomosis), between veins (veno-venous anastomosis) or between an artery and a vein (arterio-venous anastomosis). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the cases of veins or arteries, traumatic fistulas usually occur between artery and vein. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical construction of one common carotid to a jugular vein fistula through a large side-to-side anastomosis facilitates the flow across the rete ( Fig 1A ). (ajnr.org)
  • The arteriovenous fistula and the endovascularly placed balloon within the ECA ( empty arrow ) promotes the blood flow from the right APA into the left jugular vein ( arrows ). (ajnr.org)
  • Renal Vasculature: renal vein thrombosis, renal artery stenosis, renal arteriovenous fistula, nut-cracker syndrome. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • An AV fistula is a connection, made by a vascular surgeon, of an artery to a vein. (thvmg.com)
  • An AV fistula causes extra pressure and extra blood to flow into the vein, making it grow large and strong. (thvmg.com)
  • Brinjikji W, Hilditch CA, Morris JM, Dmytriw AA, Cloft H, Pereira VM, Lanzino G, Krings T. Dilated Vein of the Filum Terminale on MRI: A Marker for Deep Lumbar and Sacral Dural and Epidural Arteriovenous Fistulas. (harvard.edu)
  • An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a connection created surgically (also called as a native fistula) between an artery and a vein so as to expand the bore of the vein. (conceptmedical.com)
  • This allows the high blood flow to be redirected to the fistula vein to be dialysed. (vascularcarecentre.com)
  • A blood flow control system comprising a primary arteriovenous fistula connecting a blood source to a vein, and a secondary fistula connected to the first fistual leading to a venous sink. (patentgenius.com)
  • A blood flow control device is engaged with the primary fistula so as to impede the flow therethrough, and is disposed between the secondary fistula and the vein, and it is actuated transcutaneously, whereby restriction of the blood flow through the primary fistula increases the flow of blood to the venous sink. (patentgenius.com)
  • 2. A blood flow control system according to claim 1, wherein the blood flow control means includes pressure means capable of engaging and constricting the primary fistula, pump means in fluid communication with the pressure means adapted toinflate the pressure means so as to restrict the flow of blood from the primary fistula to the vein and means for deflating the pressure means. (patentgenius.com)
  • Your doctor surgically constructs the fistula by directly combining an artery and a vein in the forearm. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • Due to the arterial pressure, the vein will increasingly become thicker. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • An arteriovenous access (AVA) is created by connecting a vein to and artery (AV fistula or AVF) or by interposing a conduit, usually of synthetic material, between an artery and a vein (AV graft or AVG). This provides a high flow circuit, which may be percutaneously cannulated for hemodialysis access when sufficiently mature. (hindawi.com)
  • Hepatic arterio portal fistulae are inappropriate connections between the hepatic artery and portal vein and are obscure causes of acquired portal hypertension. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Arterial Phase Coronal CT shows a fistula between the right hepatic artery and right portal vein with resulting severe dilation of the main portal vein. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Blue Arrow: Fistula between the right hepatic artery and right portal vein. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • CT angiography of the abdomen showed enhancement in the arterial phase of the left portal vein, confirming the presence of an arterio portal fistula from the left hepatic artery into the left portal vein (Figures 3,4). (clinmedjournals.org)
  • It can take the form of arterio-venous fistula when a large vein is connected to a large artery through an operative procedure usually in the forearm (Fig. 12 a) or a double lumen catheter inserted into large veins commonly internal jugular vein in the neck when 1 lumen serves as arterial side and another lumen serves as vein side (Fig. 12 b). (childrenkidneyfund.org.hk)
  • The rete mirabile in swine has been proposed as an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) model for acute experimental studies through surgical creation of a large carotid-jugular fistula. (ajnr.org)
  • pulmonary arterio-venous malformation. (sriramakrishnahospital.com)
  • Applications of this technique may include rapid endothelialization of synthetic vascular grafts and dialysis fistulas. (ahajournals.org)
  • The goal of arterio-venous fistula (AVF) creation is to achieve a well-functioning access that can be cannulated repetitively and can provide adequate flow for the dialysis. (cdc.gov)
  • There are some risks associated with the procedure including the fistula not growing strong enough for dialysis, this may require stretching with a balloon to help. (vascularcarecentre.com)
  • A fistula is needed for two needles to be inserted and be connected to the dialysis machine through particular bloodlines. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • Avoid tight-fitting clothing or jewellery that can constrict so block the fistula/graft the fistula/graft arm must not be used for monitoring of blood pressure, drawing blood or any intravenous administration Avoid pressure on the fistula/graft after dialysis Rotate the needle's point of entry to avoid aneurysms. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • Temporary access is obtained using a special catheter if the patient has to start immediately with dialysis cannot wait for the fistula to ripen. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • The procedures include diagnostic ultrasound for vascular access and kidneys, renal biopsy, placement of tunneled Hemodialysis/peritoneal dialysis catheters, and monitoring, as well as salvage procedures for failing or thrombosed fistulas and grafts. (slideshare.net)
  • While esophageal fistula formation in the adjacent organs is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, the management of non-aortic arterio-esophageal fistula has not been frequently reported. (springeropen.com)
  • When patients with esophageal cancer, especially those with a history of radiotherapy and/or mediastinitis, present with hematemesis and/or hemoptysis, the possibility of non-aortic arterio-esophageal fistula should be considered. (springeropen.com)
  • Although patients with esophageal cancer may suffer lethal bleeding due to aortic arterio-esophageal fistula (AEF), the management of non-aortic AEF has not been frequently reported. (springeropen.com)
  • He has specific clinical interest in minimal access aortic valve surgery, arterial coronary grafting and aortic surgery. (bairdinstitute.org.au)
  • Primary outcome measures will be changes in 1) arterial stiffness measured by aortic pulse wave velocity, 2) oxidative stress assessed by plasma F 2 isoprostanes and 3) inflammation measured by plasma pentraxin-3. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The arterio portal fistula was embolized by placing multiple coils within the distal right hepatic artery via an aortic approach. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • An angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm in a small arterial branch of the hepatic artery with an artery-biliary fistula (Figs. 2 and 3 ). (isciii.es)
  • We report here a case of coronary artery fistula in a neonate with clinical signs of heart failure. (bvsalud.org)
  • Objectives To investigate technical approaches for transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistula based on anatomic type of the fistula. (elsevier.com)
  • Hepatic involvement occurs in 8 to 31%, of patients and includes telangiectases, arteriovenous shunting, hepatic arterial dilatation, focal liver lesions, and ischemic cholangitis. (em-consulte.com)
  • The reference management strategies for patients treated for peripheral arterial disease by endovascular technique are conventional hospitalization with manual compression and discharge after at least one over-night observation and outpatient hospitalization with the use of an arterial closure device. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2006 out of a series of 81 patients, 10 male patients (mean age of 50+/-14 years) with peripheral arterial injuries were managed endovascularly. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Objective: To evaluate the technical success, complications and outcome of endovascular management of post traumatic carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) in patients presenting at a tertiary care hospital in Karahci. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Difficult management issues arise in patients who continue to experience neurological complications, or when PAVMs acquire a systemic arterial supply, increasing the risk of hemoptysis. (cdc.gov)
  • vate sector and US$ 85 in the public sector), the cost of medications and investigations, the cost of admissions, and the cost of the arterial access (arterio-venous fistula in over 95% of patients). (who.int)
  • Arterial lines are commonly used in the ICU and OR, where patients often require close monitoring. (emdocs.net)
  • We report on three cases of longstanding pulmonary tuberculosis patients with coronary to bronchial artery fistula (CBF) who presented with recurrent massive hemoptysis. (bvsalud.org)
  • As with AV fistula surgery, the patient may need to stay overnight in the hospital, although many patients can go home after the procedure. (thvmg.com)
  • The arterio-venous loop approach was used in the majority of the cases (11 patients) and the CAF size were medium to large. (elsevier.com)
  • The aims of this study are to investigate the effects of peritoneal and hemodialysis on arterial stiffness, vascular function, myocardial structure and function, oxidative stress and inflammation in incident patients with end stage kidney disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients who have problems with the fistula or graft use permanent catheters. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • Preoperative evaluation of upper extremity veins and arteries with duplex ultrasound is a useful adjunct to physical examination, especially for those patients who are obese, have had multiple previous access surgeries or otherwise are difficult to examine well, or for those in whom arterial or venous disease is suspected [ 3 - 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Lavery et al confirmed good correlation in 375 patients between arterial and venous lactate levels(5). (icmcasesummaries.com)
  • Arterial blood sampling is both more painful for patients and associated with higher rates of complications such as bleeding, haematoma, and arterio-venous fistulas. (icmcasesummaries.com)
  • We therefore looked at changes in arterial stiffness in established haemodialysis patients to determine whether there was a threshold effect of dialysate calcium concentration linked to change in arterial stiffness. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The epicardial coronary arterial tree was otherwise normal, showing no trace of atheroma, and no evidence of isolated arterial stenosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A weak thrill can denote poor arterial inflow or arterial stenosis. (hindawi.com)
  • Right pulmonary artery (RPA) to left atrium (LA) fistula is a rare variant of pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) which can cause central cyanosis. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Central cyanosis, Pulmonary artery-LA fistula, Duct occluder device. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The coronary fistula is an anomaly characterized by the communication between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber, pulmonary artery, coronary sinus and pulmonary veins. (bvsalud.org)
  • He underwent successful trans- catheter closure of the fistula by duct occlude device. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Invasive blood pressure monitoring using an intra-arterial catheter and transducer 3 . (emdocs.net)
  • MagicTouch - PTA is the only commercially available and CE certified Sirolimus coated balloon catheter for peripheral arterial diseases. (conceptmedical.com)
  • Intra-Arterial Catheter Directed Thrombolysis In Acute Limb Ischemia Using Urokinase Or Rt-PA. (lisiehospital.org)
  • Shutze WP , Schoenvogel RC, Jacobson RM, Talkington CM. Intraoperative Transvascular Balloon Catheter Management for Arterio-Ureteral Fistula. (texasvascularassociates.com)
  • Arterio-venous (AV) graft and a permanent catheter. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • Despite heroic measures that included Fogarty catheter placement in the allograft arterial pedicle, the patient died of exsanguination. (jaoa.org)
  • Subsequently, an endovascular occlusion of several ipsilateral branches and ligation of the ipsilateral common carotid artery are necessary to create the pressure drop required for the "arterio-arterial" shunt in the model. (ajnr.org)
  • Arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and oxygen saturation (SaO2), are often low, and are inversely related to the size of the right to left shunt. (cdc.gov)
  • Abnormal formation of blood vessels that shunt arterial blood directly into veins without passing through the CAPILLARIES. (umassmed.edu)
  • This report describes a unique case of a patient with end stage renal disease treated with hemodialysis via brachio-cephalic arterio-venous (AV) shunt in the right arm, while having the old brachio-cephalic arterial venous shunt in the left arm abandoned. (jscimedcentral.com)
  • These fistulae can cause significant morbidity and mortality as a result of the portal hypertension, but unlike cirrhosis, are potentially curable. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Nevertheless, duplex ultrasound imaging lends itself well to the evaluation of hemodialysis access as grafts and fistulas are superficial structures. (hindawi.com)
  • Over the past years, arterial closure systems have tended to replace manual compression to ensure hemostasis at femoral artery puncture points. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Arterial closure systems reduce hemostasis and patient immobilization times, thus enabling early resumption of walking. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • According to certain studies however, it would appear that arterial closure devices do not present any greater benefits than manual compression in terms of hemostasis and complications. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Detachable balloons pushable coils and/or glue was used for fistula closure. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Post procedure selective RPA angiogram showed complete closure of the fistula without any pulmonary arterial or venous obstructions ( Figure 4 ). (alliedacademies.org)
  • Background The variability in coronary artery fistulae (CAF) anatomy that necessitates different transcatheter closure (TCC) approaches has not been well documented. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusions This study documents transcatheter closure approaches for CAF and device selection based on fistula origin. (elsevier.com)
  • The increase in arterial pressure during systole, or ventricular contraction, results in the pulse pressure, an indicator of cardiac function. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Hollander KN, Goeddel LA. Management of Arteriovenous Fistulas in Cardiac Surgery. (harvard.edu)
  • Whereas atheromatous coronary artery disease is the predominant cardiovascular risk factor for the general population, arterio-sclerosis is more commonly found in the haemodialysis patient, leading to increased risk of sudden cardiac arrhythmic death, heart failure and stroke [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hemobilia as a manifestation of venous or arterial vascular injury is among the complications associated with these procedures. (isciii.es)
  • Vascular complications of ureteral stent are rare, and usually present as arterio-ureteral fistulas. (jbsr.be)
  • Venous complications due to ureteral stenting are less common than arterial ones. (jbsr.be)
  • Vascular access procedures like creation of arterio-venous fistulae (AVF), perm-cath insertion and management of various vascular complications are also handled by vascular surgery. (hindujahospital.com)
  • These aneurysms probably develop because of hepatic arterio-venous fistulas and secondary to changes in arterial hemodynamics. (em-consulte.com)
  • The methods typically comprise treatments for occluding abnormal blood flow in the body, and can be applied to treatment for aneurysms, AVMs, fistulas, ruptured blood vessels and benign or malignant tumors. (rpxcorp.com)
  • We report our institutional experience with endovascular treatment of peripheral arterial injuries after blunt trauma. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 60 years, female gender, diabetes mellitus, peripheral arterial disease and previous DASS) undergoing access creation from January 1990 till April 2019 were included in the systematic review. (cureus.com)
  • These include age more than 60 years, diabetes mellitus, female gender, peripheral arterial disease, and history of previous DASS [3-6] . (cureus.com)
  • Understanding the information gained through duplex evaluation can be difficult as the higher velocities and turbulent flow characteristically seen in access typically denote dysfunction when seen in peripheral arterial beds. (hindawi.com)
  • The endovascular treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) remains an art owing to the complexity of the AVM nidus, the supplying arterial feeders, and draining veins. (ajnr.org)
  • Traumatic intestinal fistulas usually occur between two loops of intestine (entero-enteric fistula) or intestine and skin (enterocutaneous fistula). (wikipedia.org)
  • Endovascular approach as primary treatment for traumatic carotid cavernous fistula: local experience from Pakistan. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Conclusion: Endovascular approach is a safe and useful option for treatment of traumatic carotid cavernous fistula. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Post traumatic Carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) is a rare complication of moderate to severe head injury in which an abnormal communication develops between internal carotid artery (ICA) and the cavernous sinus. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Traumatic APF of the liver can be optimally diagnosed with arterial phase imaging of solid organ using MDCT. (elsevier.com)
  • Laboratory analysis demonstrated cholestasis with serum bilirubin levels of 25 mmol/L and serum alkaline phosphatase 220 U/L. Follow up ultrasound revealed liver involvement with an enlarged main hepatic artery, telangiectases and intrahepatic fistulas without bile duct dilatation. (em-consulte.com)
  • The cause of haemorrhage was a fistula between the principal bil duct and the right hepatic artery. (scirp.org)
  • Arteriobiliary fistula secondary to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm has been described as a very uncommon cause of hemobilia. (isciii.es)
  • Hepatic artery-biliary fistula following percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage. (isciii.es)
  • Type of lesion was as follows: pseudoaneurysm (n=4), dissection (n=4), expanding haematoma (n=1), and arterio-venous fistula (n=1). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Exact mechanism of formation of these fistulae has not been clearly understood however it is believed that direct injury at skull base results in torsion and or stretching of carotid siphon. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The liver, spleen and kidneys are among the most commonly injured solid organs and are particularly vulnerable to blunt or penetrating trauma, including iatrogenic injury, leading to arterial laceration, parenchymal or peritoneal hemorrhage, subcapsular hematoma, pseudoaneurysm, or arteriovenous fistula formation. (jaocr.org)
  • Our specialist doctors are dedicated to providing effective treatment for venous or arterial conditions and giving you back your confidence and wellbeing. (vascularcarecentre.com)
  • Typical angiographic findings in blunt abdominal trauma include contrast extravasation, subcapsular or parenchymal hematomas, and/or arterial occlusion, while penetrating trauma is usually more focal, demonstrating extravasation, pseudoaneurysms, and arteriovenous fistulas. (jaocr.org)
  • Arterio-arterial anastomoses include actual (e.g., palmar and plantar arches) and potential varieties (e.g., coronary arteries and cortical branch of cerebral arteries). (wikipedia.org)
  • Arterial elasticity gives rise to the Windkessel effect, which helps to maintain a relatively constant pressure in the arteries despite the pulsating nature of blood flow. (lumenlearning.com)
  • Calcification of major arteries increases arterial stiffness and pulse wave velocity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Proximalization of arterial inflow" was described in three and "prophylactic distal revascularization and interval ligation (DRIL) procedure" in two studies to prevent DASS. (cureus.com)
  • Traditionally, after arterio-venous (AV) access surgery if someone develops DASS, remedial surgery is offered which ranges from salvage procedures usually "distal revascularization and interval ligation - DRIL Procedure" to reciting of AV access. (cureus.com)
  • Women , 45 years with symptomatic fistula between coronary artery anterior descending and trunk artery pulmonary, which took thoracoscopy left, pericardiotomy and ligation of fistula with metal clip without thoracotomy . (bvsalud.org)
  • Superficial arterio-venous anastomoses open when the body reaches a high temperature, and enable the body to cool itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nine papers from Russia and Germany had reported in the interim that a permanent unilateral parotid fistula was not surgically feasible in ruminants. (wikipedia.org)
  • This pilot study sought to develop an imaging protocol to measure strain in the brachial artery via velocity vector imaging (VVI) and determine if differences in strain could be observed between a healthy group and a group with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and if VVI measurements were associated with arterio-venous fistula malfunction. (dundee.ac.uk)
  • The second project we are working on is the in vivo (canine) arterio-venous fistula evaluation of our new 6mm ID nanofibrous bioactive hemodialysis access graft (BAG), which was designed with anti-thrombin, anti-proliferative, and anti-microbial properties by incorporating recombinant Hirudin (rHir), paclitaxel (Pac), and moxifloxacin (Moxi) dissolved in an organic solvent prior to electrospinning. (bidmc.org)
  • A biliary fistula complicating laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a rare, unpredictable, and life-threatening vascular complication. (scirp.org)
  • Catheterization of the common bile duct showed active hemobilia due to biliary-vascular fistula. (scirp.org)
  • Key words: Arterio-biliary fistula. (isciii.es)
  • Proximalization of arterial inflow as shown in Figure 1 works by taking inflow of the fistula from proximal larger diameter artery (Axillary artery) hence providing adequate blood to both the fistula and distal limb by virtue of higher blood flow [11, 12] . (cureus.com)
  • This includes pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistula. (jaocr.org)
  • Strain measurements by US have been suggested as a method of assessing arterial elasticity prior to arterio venous fistula creation. (dundee.ac.uk)
  • Higher dialysate calcium concentrations have been reported to cause both an acute and chronic increase in arterial stiffness. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the performance of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in diagnosing arterioportal fistulas (APF) in high-grade liver injury. (elsevier.com)
  • The original cause of the fistula remains unknown as he had never experienced abdominal trauma, malignancy or prior liver biopsy. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • The most likely cause of her fistula was the prior liver biopsy. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • A contrast echocardiography with agitated normal saline was done to rule out any pulmonary arterio-venous fistula. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Salvage of an Immature Fistula (Contrast Safety) Steven Wu, MD 10:30 a.m. - 10:50 a.m. (slideshare.net)
  • The diagnosis was revised to portal hypertension from a large arterio portal fistula of unknown etiology. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Atypical etiology of massive gastrointestinal bleeding: arterio-enteric fistula following enteric drained pancreas transplant. (jaoa.org)
  • The choices of TCC technique and device selection vary, and are primarily determined by the heterogeneous anatomic characteristics of the fistulae. (elsevier.com)
  • Prospective observational ultrasound study of native arterio-venous fistula for haemodialysis with venous pressure measurement using controlled compression ultrasound. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • After excluding pregnancies with twin-twin transfusion syndrome, growth restriction, structural abnormalities, or twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence, and monoamniotic and high-order multiple pregnancies, we identified 151 uncomplicated monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies with normal growth, normal liquor volume, and normal Doppler studies on fortnightly ultrasound scans. (nih.gov)
  • Vessel mapping uses Doppler ultrasound to evaluate blood vessels that the surgeon may use to make the AV fistula. (thvmg.com)
  • The vessels on your arms and sometimes legs will be assessed by ultrasound so your surgeon can find the best location for your fistula. (vascularcarecentre.com)
  • The atherosclerosis is associated with increased arterial stiffness, endothelial dysfunction and elevated oxidative stress and inflammation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present case illustrates the potentially devastating complication of an arterioenteric fistula after an enteric-drained pancreaticoduodenal transplant, which has also been noted in other cases. (jaoa.org)
  • Fifty years had passed since Pavlov was using Pavlov-Glinski parotid fistulae in dogs with discovery of conditioned reflexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In effect, the parotid fistula (1-4l/day) represented a tap on the blood stream letting out sodium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some may be linked to symptomatic ischaemia, with or without conventional atherosclerotic coronary arterial stenoses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Feeding a high fat diet to ApoE mice as well as rabbits, guinea pigs and swine results in hyperlipidemia, steatosis and atherosclerotic arterial changes. (compbio.com)
  • These prophylactic surgical techniques include "Proximalization of arterial inflow", "Extension technique" and "Prophylactic DRIL" [7-9] . (cureus.com)
  • The surgeon usually places an AV fistula in the forearm or upper arm. (thvmg.com)
  • We have previously shown that blood-derived endothelial outgrowth cells (EOCs) are effective in preventing restenosis and can restore vascular function in animal models of arterial injury. (ahajournals.org)
  • An arterial blood gas was normal. (pediatriceducation.org)
  • As warm arterial blood passes close to the surface it will decrease in temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pressure in the arterial system decreases steadily, highest in the aorta and lowest in the venous system, as blood approaches the heart after delivery of oxygen to tissues in the systemic circulation. (lumenlearning.com)
  • To tell the needles apart, the needle that carries blood away from the body is called the arterial needle. (thvmg.com)
  • whereby restriction of the bloodflow through the primary fistula by the blood flow control means increases the flow of blood to the venous sink. (patentgenius.com)
  • 4. A blood flow control system according to claim 3 wherein the valve is adapted to provide controlled back-flow so that the blood flow restriction of the primary fistula decreases over a pre-determined period. (patentgenius.com)
  • 10. A blood flow control system according to claim 1 wherein the blood flow control means comprises magnetic means secured to the primary fistula at a location remote from the epidermis adapted to squeeze the primary fistula under the influenceof an exterior magnet. (patentgenius.com)
  • This is used when the patient's blood vessels are too small for the construction of a fistula. (nwdialysis.co.za)
  • Patient's blood is drawn from the arterial side, then go through the dialyzer where diffusion (of toxic substances) and convection (filtration) (of excess water) takes place, and then out from the other end of it. (childrenkidneyfund.org.hk)
  • PERMANENT VASCULAR ACCESS Arterio venous fistulas (AVFs) Arterio venous grafts (AVGs) Shunts 25. (vdocuments.site)