The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.
A branch of the abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters.
The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.
Arteries which arise from the abdominal aorta and distribute to most of the intestines.
The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.
Artery arising from the brachiocephalic trunk on the right side and from the arch of the aorta on the left side. It distributes to the neck, thoracic wall, spinal cord, brain, meninges, and upper limb.
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.
The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
A branch of the celiac artery that distributes to the stomach, pancreas, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, and greater omentum.
The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
The arterial trunk that arises from the abdominal aorta and after a short course divides into the left gastric, common hepatic and splenic arteries.
Artery originating from the internal carotid artery and distributing to the eye, orbit and adjacent facial structures.
A large vessel supplying the whole length of the small intestine except the superior part of the duodenum. It also supplies the cecum and the ascending part of the colon and about half the transverse part of the colon. It arises from the anterior surface of the aorta below the celiac artery at the level of the first lumbar vertebra.
Specialized arterial vessels in the umbilical cord. They carry waste and deoxygenated blood from the FETUS to the mother via the PLACENTA. In humans, there are usually two umbilical arteries but sometimes one.
The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.
Narrowing or occlusion of the RENAL ARTERY or arteries. It is due usually to ATHEROSCLEROSIS; FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA; THROMBOSIS; EMBOLISM, or external pressure. The reduced renal perfusion can lead to renovascular hypertension (HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR).
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles, mammary gland and the axillary aspect of the chest wall.
Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.
Left bronchial arteries arise from the thoracic aorta, the right from the first aortic intercostal or the upper left bronchial artery; they supply the bronchi and the lower trachea.
The continuation of the femoral artery coursing through the popliteal fossa; it divides into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.
The larger of the two terminal branches of the brachial artery, beginning about one centimeter distal to the bend of the elbow. Like the RADIAL ARTERY, its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to their locations in the forearm, wrist, and hand.
A branch arising from the internal iliac artery in females, that supplies blood to the uterus.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the exterior of the head, the face, and the greater part of the neck.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
NECROSIS occurring in the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY distribution system which brings blood to the entire lateral aspects of each CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or bilaterally depending on the infarction.
The continuation of the subclavian artery; it distributes over the upper limb, axilla, chest and shoulder.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Sudden ISCHEMIA in the RETINA due to blocked blood flow through the CENTRAL RETINAL ARTERY or its branches leading to sudden complete or partial loss of vision, respectively, in the eye.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Blood clot formation in any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES. This may produce CAROTID STENOSIS or occlusion of the vessel, leading to TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBRAL INFARCTION; or AMAUROSIS FUGAX.
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Arteries which supply the dura mater.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
A branch of the external carotid artery which distributes to the deep structures of the face (internal maxillary) and to the side of the face and nose (external maxillary).
Drugs used to cause constriction of the blood vessels.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
The splitting of the vessel wall in one or both (left and right) internal carotid arteries (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the internal carotid artery and aneurysm formation.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being constricted beyond normal dimensions.
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.
The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Splitting of the vessel wall in the VERTEBRAL ARTERY. Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the vertebral artery, aneurysm formation, or THROMBOEMBOLISM. Vertebral artery dissection is often associated with TRAUMA and injuries to the head-neck region but can occur spontaneously.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The artery supplying nearly all the left half of the transverse colon, the whole of the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and the greater part of the rectum. It is smaller than the superior mesenteric artery (MESENTERIC ARTERY, SUPERIOR) and arises from the aorta above its bifurcation into the common iliac arteries.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.
Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.
A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.
A congenital cardiovascular malformation in which the AORTA arises entirely from the RIGHT VENTRICLE, and the PULMONARY ARTERY arises from the LEFT VENTRICLE. Consequently, the pulmonary and the systemic circulations are parallel and not sequential, so that the venous return from the peripheral circulation is re-circulated by the right ventricle via aorta to the systemic circulation without being oxygenated in the lungs. This is a potentially lethal form of heart disease in newborns and infants.
Localized or diffuse reduction in blood flow through the vertebrobasilar arterial system, which supplies the BRAIN STEM; CEREBELLUM; OCCIPITAL LOBE; medial TEMPORAL LOBE; and THALAMUS. Characteristic clinical features include SYNCOPE; lightheadedness; visual disturbances; and VERTIGO. BRAIN STEM INFARCTIONS or other BRAIN INFARCTION may be associated.
Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. It is thought to be provoked by a transient stressful situation during which the oxygen requirements of the MYOCARDIUM exceed that supplied by the CORONARY CIRCULATION.
The main trunk of the systemic arteries.
The vein which drains the foot and leg.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.
That phase of a muscle twitch during which a muscle returns to a resting position.
Endogenously-synthesized compounds that influence biological processes not otherwise classified under ENZYMES; HORMONES or HORMONE ANTAGONISTS.
Pathological conditions of intracranial ARTERIES supplying the CEREBRUM. These diseases often are due to abnormalities or pathological processes in the ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; and POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY.
A polygonal anastomosis at the base of the brain formed by the internal carotid (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL), proximal parts of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries (ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Delivery of drugs into an artery.
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
Abdominal artery that follows the curvature of the stomach. The right gastroepiploic artery is frequently used in CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING; MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION, and other vascular reconstruction.
The neural systems which act on VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE to control blood vessel diameter. The major neural control is through the sympathetic nervous system.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)
A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
A stable prostaglandin endoperoxide analog which serves as a thromboxane mimetic. Its actions include mimicking the hydro-osmotic effect of VASOPRESSIN and activation of TYPE C PHOSPHOLIPASES. (From J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1983;224(1): 108-117; Biochem J 1984;222(1):103-110)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
A powerful vasodilator used in emergencies to lower blood pressure or to improve cardiac function. It is also an indicator for free sulfhydryl groups in proteins.
Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Spasm of the large- or medium-sized coronary arteries.
The excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.
The recording of muscular movements. The apparatus is called a myograph, the record or tracing, a myogram. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The vessels carrying blood away from the capillary beds.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used as a mydriatic, nasal decongestant, and cardiotonic agent.
A non-invasive technique using ultrasound for the measurement of cerebrovascular hemodynamics, particularly cerebral blood flow velocity and cerebral collateral flow. With a high-intensity, low-frequency pulse probe, the intracranial arteries may be studied transtemporally, transorbitally, or from below the foramen magnum.
The state of activity or tension of a muscle beyond that related to its physical properties, that is, its active resistance to stretch. In skeletal muscle, tonus is dependent upon efferent innervation. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The act of constricting.
An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.
A white crystal or crystalline powder used in BUFFERS; FERTILIZERS; and EXPLOSIVES. It can be used to replenish ELECTROLYTES and restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE in treating HYPOKALEMIA.
An idiopathic, segmental, nonatheromatous disease of the musculature of arterial walls, leading to STENOSIS of small and medium-sized arteries. There is true proliferation of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS and fibrous tissue. Fibromuscular dysplasia lesions are smooth stenosis and occur most often in the renal and carotid arteries. They may also occur in other peripheral arteries of the extremity.
A clinically significant reduction in blood supply to the BRAIN STEM and CEREBELLUM (i.e., VERTEBROBASILAR INSUFFICIENCY) resulting from reversal of blood flow through the VERTEBRAL ARTERY from occlusion or stenosis of the proximal subclavian or brachiocephalic artery. Common symptoms include VERTIGO; SYNCOPE; and INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION of the involved upper extremity. Subclavian steal may also occur in asymptomatic individuals. (From J Cardiovasc Surg 1994;35(1):11-4; Acta Neurol Scand 1994;90(3):174-8)
Surgical excision, performed under general anesthesia, of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery. When reconstruction of an artery is performed as an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ATHERECTOMY.
Non-striated, elongated, spindle-shaped cells found lining the digestive tract, uterus, and blood vessels. They are derived from specialized myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SMOOTH MUSCLE).
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.
Abnormal communication between two ARTERIES that may result from injury or occur as a congenital abnormality.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.
A non-selective inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. It has been used experimentally to induce hypertension.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with velocity detection combined with range discrimination. Short bursts of ultrasound are transmitted at regular intervals and the echoes are demodulated as they return.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The circulation of BLOOD, of both the mother and the FETUS, through the PLACENTA.
Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.
Regional infusion of drugs via an arterial catheter. Often a pump is used to impel the drug through the catheter. Used in therapy of cancer, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, infection, and peripheral vascular disease.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Vascular diseases characterized by thickening and hardening of the walls of ARTERIES inside the SKULL. There are three subtypes: (1) atherosclerosis with fatty deposits in the ARTERIAL INTIMA; (2) Monckeberg's sclerosis with calcium deposits in the media and (3) arteriolosclerosis involving the small caliber arteries. Clinical signs include HEADACHE; CONFUSION; transient blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX); speech impairment; and HEMIPARESIS.
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
Complete blockage of blood flow through one of the CORONARY ARTERIES, usually from CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
A biochemical messenger and regulator, synthesized from the essential amino acid L-TRYPTOPHAN. In humans it is found primarily in the central nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, and blood platelets. Serotonin mediates several important physiological functions including neurotransmission, gastrointestinal motility, hemostasis, and cardiovascular integrity. Multiple receptor families (RECEPTORS, SEROTONIN) explain the broad physiological actions and distribution of this biochemical mediator.
Embolism or thrombosis involving blood vessels which supply intracranial structures. Emboli may originate from extracranial or intracranial sources. Thrombosis may occur in arterial or venous structures.
The restoration of blood supply to the myocardium. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.
Lack of perfusion in the EXTREMITIES resulting from atherosclerosis. It is characterized by INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION, and an ANKLE BRACHIAL INDEX of 0.9 or less.
An increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ without tumor formation. It differs from HYPERTROPHY, which is an increase in bulk without an increase in the number of cells.
An inhibitor of nitric oxide synthetase which has been shown to prevent glutamate toxicity. Nitroarginine has been experimentally tested for its ability to prevent ammonia toxicity and ammonia-induced alterations in brain energy and ammonia metabolites. (Neurochem Res 1995:200(4):451-6)
A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).
A 21-amino acid peptide produced in a variety of tissues including endothelial and vascular smooth-muscle cells, neurons and astrocytes in the central nervous system, and endometrial cells. It acts as a modulator of vasomotor tone, cell proliferation, and hormone production. (N Eng J Med 1995;333(6):356-63)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.

Effect of chronic hypoxia on alpha-1 adrenoceptor-mediated inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate signaling in ovine uterine artery. (1/5911)

The present study examined the effect of chronic hypoxia on coupling efficiency of alpha-1 adrenoceptors to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) signaling in ovine uterine artery. Chronic hypoxia did not change the time course of InsP3 formation, but significantly decreased the potency (pD2: 6.17 +/- 0.09 --> 5.26 +/- 0.12) and the maximal response (220.7 +/- 21.7 --> 147.7 +/- 15.3 pmol/mg protein) of norepinephrine-induced InsP3 synthesis. The coupling efficiency of alpha-1 adrenoceptors to InsP3 synthesis (picomoles InsP3 per femtomoles receptor) was decreased 45% by chronic hypoxia. In addition, simultaneous measurement of norepinephrine-induced contractions and InsP3 synthesis indicated that for a given amount of InsP3 generated, the contractile force of the uterine artery was significantly less in chronically hypoxic than in control tissues (0. 27 +/- 0.01 versus 0.35 +/- 0.02 g tension/pmol InsP3). InsP3 receptors were characterized using radioligand binding techniques. Although the density of InsP3 receptors was not changed by chronic hypoxia (Bmax: 325 +/- 35 --> 378 +/- 18 fmol/mg protein), the dissociation constant (Kd) of InsP3 to its receptors was significantly increased (Kd: 5.20 +/- 0.40 --> 7.81 +/- 0.34 nM). Analysis of InsP3 receptor occupancy-tension development relationship indicated no difference in intrinsic ability of the InsP3-receptor complex in eliciting contractions between the control and hypoxic tissues. Our results suggest that chronic hypoxia attenuates coupling efficiency of alpha-1 adrenoceptors to InsP3 synthesis in the uterine artery. In addition, the tissue contractile sensitivity to InsP3 is reduced, which is mediated predominantly by a decrease in InsP3 binding affinity to InsP3 receptors.  (+info)

In oculo transplants of myometrium from postpartum guinea pigs fail to support sympathetic reinnervation. (2/5911)

Sympathetic nerves to the enlarged fetus-containing region of the uterus undergo degenerative changes during late pregnancy and show slow regrowth after parturition. It is not known whether this unusual response of sympathetic nerves to smooth muscle hypertrophy is due to the sensitivity of short adrenergic neurons to hormonal changes, or whether the nerves respond to changes in the neurotrophic capacity of the target. We have investigated this question using in oculo transplantation. Small pieces of myometrium from the uterine horn of virgin guinea pigs, or from the region previously occupied by the placenta and fetus in postpartum guinea pigs, were transplanted into the anterior eye chamber. After 3 wk in oculo, the pattern of reinnervation of the transplants was assessed on whole mount stretch preparations stained for tyrosine hydroxylase. The histology of the transplants was examined in toluidine blue-stained semithin sections. Myometrial transplants from virgin donors and uterine artery transplants from both virgin and postpartum donors became organotypically reinnervated by sympathetic fibres from the host iris. In contrast, sympathetic nerves did not reinnervate myometrial transplants from postpartum donors, although they approached the transplants and became distributed in the surrounding connective tissue. All transplanted tissues showed a normal histological appearance. Both the myometrium and uterine artery from postpartum donors retained a hypertrophic appearance after 3 wk in oculo. We interpret these results to indicate that the degeneration of sympathetic nerves in late pregnancy, as well as their slow regrowth to the uterus after delivery, may be due to changes in uterine smooth muscle rather than a particular sensitivity of short adrenergic neurons to hormonal changes.  (+info)

Facilitation and depression of ATP and noradrenaline release from sympathetic nerves of rat tail artery. (3/5911)

1. Excitatory junction currents (EJCs) were used to measure ATP release; noradrenaline (NA) oxidation currents and fractional overflow of labelled NA, [3H]NA, were used to monitor the release of endogenous and exogenous NA, respectively, from post-ganglionic sympathetic nerves of rat tail artery. 2. During nerve stimulation with 100 pulses at 5-20 Hz the EJCs initially grew in size (maximally by 23 %, at 2-10 Hz), and then depressed, maximally by 68 % at 20 Hz. 3. The peak amplitude of NA oxidation currents in response to nerve stimulation with 100 pulses at 2-20 Hz grew in size with frequency, while the area was independent of frequency and roughly constant. 4. The size of the NA oxidation currents evoked by nerve stimulation with 4-100 pulses at 20 Hz grew linearly with train length between pulses 4-16. Between pulses 20-100 there was a train length-dependent depression of the signal. 5. Fractional overflow of [3H]NA in response to nerve stimulation with 5-100 pulses at 20 Hz behaved similarly to the EJCs. It initially grew roughly linearly between pulses 5-25, and then showed a dramatic depression similar to that of the EJCs. 6. The alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists rauwolscine and yohimbine increased the overflow of [3H]NA and the amplitude of NA oxidation currents, but not that of the EJCs. 7. It is concluded that during high-frequency stimulation (i) the release of ATP and NA is first briefly facilitated then markedly depressed, (ii) facilitation and depression of the two transmitters are similar in magnitude and time course, and (iii) alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists differentially modify EJCs and the NA signals. The results obtained in the absence of drugs are compatible with the hypothesis that ATP and NA are released in parallel, while the effects of alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists seem to suggest dissociated release.  (+info)

Effects of Ca2+ concentration and Ca2+ channel blockers on noradrenaline release and purinergic neuroeffector transmission in rat tail artery. (4/5911)

1. The effects of Ca2+ concentration and Ca2+ channel blockers on noradrenaline (NA) and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) release from postganglionic sympathetic nerves have been investigated in rat tail arteries in vitro. Intracellularly recorded excitatory junction potentials (e.j.ps) were used as a measure of ATP release and continuous amperometry was used to measure NA release. 2. Varying the extracellular Ca2+ concentration similarly affected the amplitudes of e.j.ps and NA-induced oxidation currents evoked by trains of ten stimuli at 1 Hz. 3. The N-type Ca2+ blocker, omega-conotoxin GVIA (omega-CTX GVIA, 0.1 microM) reduced the amplitudes of both e.j.ps (evoked by trains of ten stimuli at 1 Hz) and NA-induced oxidation currents (evoked by trains of ten stimuli at 1 Hz and 50 stimuli at 10 Hz) by about 90%. 4. The omega-CTX GVIA resistant e.j.ps and NA-induced oxidation currents evoked by trains of 50 stimuli at 10 Hz were abolished by the non-selective Ca2+ channel blocker, Cd2+ (0.1 mM), and were reduced by omega-conotoxin MVIIC (0.5 microM) and omega-agatoxin IVA (40 nM). 5. Nifedipine (10 microm) had no inhibitory effect on omega-CTX GVIA resistant e.j.ps and NA-induced oxidation currents. 6. Thus both varying Ca2+ concentration and applying Ca2+ channel blockers results in similar effects on NA and ATP release from postganglionic sympathetic nerves. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that NA and ATP are co-released together from the sympathetic nerve terminals.  (+info)

Impact of vascular adaptation to chronic aortic regurgitation on left ventricular performance. (5/5911)

BACKGROUND: This investigation was designed to test the hypothesis that vascular adaptation occurs in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation to maintain left ventricular (LV) performance. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-five patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (mean age 50+/-14 years) were studied using a micromanometer LV catheter to obtain LV pressures and radionuclide ventriculography to obtain LV volumes during multiple loading conditions and right atrial pacing. These 45 patients were subgrouped according to their LV contractility (Ees) and ejection fraction values. Group I consisted of 24 patients with a normal Ees. Group IIa consisted of 10 patients with impaired Ees values (Ees <1.00 mm Hg/mL) but normal LV ejection fractions; Group IIb consisted of 11 patients with impaired contractility and reduced LV ejection fractions. The left ventricular-arterial coupling ratio, Ees/Ea, where Ea was calculated by dividing the LV end-systolic pressure by LV stroke volume, averaged 1.60+/-0.91 in Group I. It decreased to 0.91+/-0.27 in Group IIa (P<0.05 versus Group I), and it decreased further in Group IIb to 0.43+/-0.24 (P<0.001 versus Groups I and IIa). The LV ejection fractions were inversely related to the Ea values in both the normal and impaired contractility groups (r=-0.48, P<0.05 and r=-0.56, P<0.01, respectively), although the slopes of these relationships differed (P<0.05). The average LV work was maximal in Group IIa when the left ventricular-arterial coupling ratio was near 1.0 because of a significant decrease in total arterial elastance (P<0.01 versus Group I). In contrast, the decrease in the left ventricular-arterial coupling ratio in Group IIb was caused by an increase in total arterial elastance, effectively double loading the LV, contributing to a decrease in LV pump efficiency (P<0.01 versus Group IIa and P<0.001 versus Group I). CONCLUSIONS: Vascular adaptation may be heterogeneous in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation. In some, total arterial elastance decreases to maximize LV work and maintain LV performance, whereas in others, it increases, thereby double loading the LV, contributing to afterload excess and a deterioration in LV performance that is most prominent in those with impaired contractility.  (+info)

BDNF is a target-derived survival factor for arterial baroreceptor and chemoafferent primary sensory neurons. (6/5911)

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) supports survival of 50% of visceral afferent neurons in the nodose/petrosal sensory ganglion complex (NPG; Ernfors et al., 1994a; Jones et al., 1994; Conover et al., 1995; Liu et al., 1995; Erickson et al., 1996), including arterial chemoafferents that innervate the carotid body and are required for development of normal breathing (Erickson et al., 1996). However, the relationship between BDNF dependence of visceral afferents and the location and timing of BDNF expression in visceral tissues is unknown. The present study demonstrates that BDNF mRNA and protein are transiently expressed in NPG targets in the fetal cardiac outflow tract, including baroreceptor regions in the aortic arch, carotid sinus, and right subclavian artery, as well as in the carotid body. The period of BDNF expression corresponds to the onset of sensory innervation and to the time at which fetal NPG neurons are BDNF-dependent in vitro. Moreover, baroreceptor innervation is absent in newborn mice lacking BDNF. In addition to vascular targets, vascular afferents themselves express high levels of BDNF, both during and after the time they are BDNF-dependent. However, endogenous BDNF supports survival of fetal NPG neurons in vitro only under depolarizing conditions. Together, these data indicate two roles for BDNF during vascular afferent pathway development; initially, as a target-derived survival factor, and subsequently, as a signaling molecule produced by the afferents themselves. Furthermore, the fact that BDNF is required for survival of functionally distinct populations of vascular afferents demonstrates that trophic requirements of NPG neurons are not modality-specific but may instead be associated with innervation of particular organ systems.  (+info)

Alteration of endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizations in porcine coronary arteries with regenerated endothelium. (7/5911)

The present study was designed to test the ability of regenerated endothelium to evoke endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizations. Hyperpolarizations induced by serotonin and bradykinin were compared in isolated porcine coronary arteries with native or regenerated endothelium, 4 weeks after balloon endothelial denudation. The experiments were performed in the presence of inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase (Nomega-nitro-L-arginine) and cyclooxygenase (indomethacin). The transmembrane potential was measured using conventional glass microelectrodes. Smooth muscle cells from coronary arteries with regenerated endothelium were depolarized in comparison with control coronary arteries from the same hearts. Spontaneous membrane potential oscillations of small amplitude or spikes were observed in some of these arteries but never in arteries with native endothelium. In coronary arteries from control pigs, both serotonin and bradykinin induced concentration-dependent hyperpolarizations. In the presence of ketanserin, 10 micromol/L serotonin induced a transient hyperpolarization in control coronary arteries. Four weeks after balloon denudation, the response to serotonin was normal in arteries with native endothelium, but the hyperpolarization was significantly lower in coronary arteries with regenerated endothelium. In control arteries, the endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization obtained with bradykinin (30 nmol/L) was reproducible. Four weeks after balloon denudation, comparable hyperpolarizations were obtained in coronary arteries with native endothelium. By contrast, in arteries with regenerated endothelium, the hyperpolarization to bradykinin became voltage-dependent. In the most depolarized cells, the hyperpolarization to bradykinin was augmented. The changes in resting membrane potential and the alteration in endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizations observed in the coronary arteries with regenerated endothelium may contribute to the reduced response to serotonin and the unchanged relaxation to bradykinin described previously.  (+info)

Balloon-artery interactions during stent placement: a finite element analysis approach to pressure, compliance, and stent design as contributors to vascular injury. (8/5911)

Endovascular stents expand the arterial lumen more than balloon angioplasty and reduce rates of restenosis after coronary angioplasty in selected patients. Understanding the factors involved in vascular injury imposed during stent deployment may allow optimization of stent design and stent-placement protocols so as to limit vascular injury and perhaps reduce restenosis. Addressing the hypothesis that a previously undescribed mechanism of vascular injury during stent deployment is balloon-artery interaction, we have used finite element analysis to model how balloon-artery contact stress and area depend on stent-strut geometry, balloon compliance, and inflation pressure. We also examined superficial injury during deployment of stents of varied design in vivo and in a phantom model ex vivo to show that balloon-induced damage can be modulated by altering stent design. Our results show that higher inflation pressures, wider stent-strut openings, and more compliant balloon materials cause markedly larger surface-contact areas and contact stresses between stent struts. Appreciating that the contact stress and contact area are functions of placement pressure, stent geometry, and balloon compliance may help direct development of novel stent designs and stent-deployment protocols so as to minimize vascular injury during stenting and perhaps to optimize long-term outcomes.  (+info)

Vasoconstriction in atherosclerotic human subcutaneous resistance arteries - Science Exchange Lets You Compare Quotes From Leading Service Providers.
Vasodilatation in ischaemic human subcutaneous resistance arteries - Science Exchange Lets You Compare Quotes From Leading Service Providers.
Our results demonstrate that in vitro blockade of ACE is insufficient to prevent the contraction of human subcutaneous resistance arteries to Ang I. Because our preliminary experiments showed that this response is completely blocked by losartan, we assume that contraction to Ang I represents the effect of Ang II generated locally and acting on the Ang II type I receptor. Thus, treatment with an ACEI appears to be unable to prevent conversion of Ang I to Ang II in human resistance arteries. In the rabbit, in contrast, ACEI administration fully prevented Ang I-induced contraction.. Because ACE is identical to kininase II, the enzyme responsible for the degradation of kinins, it has been suggested that potentiation of BK may be partly responsible for the actions of ACEI. Thus, plasma kinin concentrations are increased in humans by quinapril, and ACEI-induced coronary artery vasodilation in dogs and humans has been shown to be mediated by BK.16 17 18 We investigated the effect of enalaprilat on the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evidence for a matrix metalloproteinase induction/activation system in arterial vasculature and decreased synthesis and activity in diabetes. AU - Portik-Dobos, Vera. AU - Anstadt, Mark P.. AU - Hutchinson, Jimmie. AU - Bannan, Mary. AU - Ergul, Adviye. PY - 2002/10/1. Y1 - 2002/10/1. N2 - Pathological remodeling characterized by extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition contributes to the diabetic vascular complications. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) regulate ECM turnover. However, the expression profile of the MMP system in diabetic human tissue remains unknown. The objectives of this study were 1) to identify a local MMP induction/activation system that exists in arterial vasculature and 2) to determine how the MMP system may be altered in diabetes. Internal mammary artery specimens were obtained from patients who did (n = 14) and did not (n = 14) have diabetes and were undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. ECM inducer protein (EMMPRIN); membranetype MMP (MT-MMP); ...
BACKGROUND Creatine kinase (CK) is a main predictor of blood pressure, and this is thought to largely depend on high resistance artery contractility. We previously reported an association between vascular contractility and CK in normotensive pregnancy, but pregnancy is a strong CK inducer, and data on human hypertension are lacking. Therefore, we further explored CK-dependency of vascular contractility outside the context of pregnancy in normotensive and hypertensive women. METHODS AND RESULTS Nineteen consecutive women, mean age 42 years (SE 1.3), mean systolic/diastolic blood pressure respectively 142.6 (SE 5.9)/85.6 (3.4) mm Hg (9 hypertensive), donated an omental fat sample during abdominal surgery. We compared vasodilation after the specific CK inhibitor 2,4-dinitro-1-fluorobenzene (DNFB; 10-6 mol/l) to sodium nitroprusside (10-6 mol/l) in isolated resistance arteries using a wire myograph. Additionally, we assessed predictors of vasoconstrictive force. DNFB reduced vascular contractility ...
A distributing artery (or muscular artery) is a medium-sized artery that draws blood from an elastic artery and branch into resistance vessels including small arteries and arterioles. In contrast to the mechanism elastic arteries use to store energy generated by the hearts contraction, distributing arteries contain layers of smooth muscle. Under the microscope distributing arteries can be identified by their clearly defined internal elastic lamina. In constricted vessels the elastic lamina of distributing arteries appears thick and kinky. The elastic lamina is best visualized using Verhoeffs stain, but can be easily detected in specimens stained using other techniques as a well-defined negative staining region. Examples of distributing arteries include the radial artery and the splenic artery. Distributing arteries along with elastic arteries are common site for atherosclerosis.[citation needed] Norrander, J.M., Kirkpatrick C., Bauer, G.E., Porter, M.E., Marker, P.C., Linck, R.W., et al. ...
Definition of muscular artery in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is muscular artery? Meaning of muscular artery as a legal term. What does muscular artery mean in law?
In hypertension and aging, central elastic arteries become stiffer and hence the central pulse pressure is augmented due to the increase in the pulse wave velocity and the early return of reflected waves to the heart from the periphery. Valuable information on arterial properties, such as stiffness, can be obtained from both central (aortic) and peripheral (radial) pressure wave forms. A feasibility study for the noninvasive estimation of arterial stiffness using pressure waves detected by a pneumatic cuff wrapped around the upper arm is presented. The propagation and reflection of arterial pressure waves (generated by the heart) in the central elastic arteries are simulated using a simplified water hammer acoustic model. Furthermore, a lumped parameter model is used to describe the transmission of the pressure waves from the brachial artery to the cuff external wall. By combining the two models, we were able to simulate the pressure contours in the brachial artery and illustrate how these ...
This study indicates that the aging process is associated with geometrical modifications of both large elastic and medium-sized muscular arteries, independent of blood pressure changes. Furthermore, enlargement of arterial diameter and thickening of the arterial wall have opposite effects on the functional parameters of these arteries. An alteration in elastic properties is observed for the carotid artery, but functional properties are preserved in the radial artery. Our results suggest that geometrical modifications associated with aging could be a means by which arteries try to maintain normal distensibility.. Several studies have described arterial changes associated with the aging process.15 16 Kawasaki et al17 studied the common carotid artery, abdominal aorta, femoral artery, and brachial artery in 39 subjects aged 6 to 81 years with an ultrasonic phase-locked echo-tracking system, and they observed a significant increase in the diameter of all arteries, with a reduction in the percentage ...
Artery Model - Plaque Buildup on Artery Walls in 4 Stages Here is a way for individuals to see how plaque builds up on their artery walls over time, causing ath
Porcine Artery Endothelial Cells are derived from healthly porcinine artery. Porcine Artery Endothelial Cells are grown in T25 tissue culture flasks pre-coated with gelatin-based solution for 0.5 hour and incubated in Creative Bioarrays Culture Complete Growth Medium generally for 3-7 days. Cultures are then expanded. Prior to shipping, cells are detached from flasks and immediately cryo-preserved in vials. Each vial contains at least 1x10^6 cells per ml and are delivered frozen ...
Bell, James Stephen, Adio, Aminat, Pitt, Andrew, Hayman, Lindsay, Thorn, Clare E., Shore, Angela C., Whatmore, Jacqueline and Winlove, C. Peter 2016 ...
What is the difference between Elastic and Muscular Arteries? Elastic arteries have more elastin in tunica media; muscular arteries have lesser elastin amount
In this study, direct gene transfer was used to create somatic transgenic models to define gene function in arteries. We examined the pathogenesis of intimal thickening in porcine arteries after expression of PDGF B. Our findings show that recombinant PDGF B gene expression promotes rapid formation of an intima over a period of 3 weeks. The cellular composition of this intima is complex and changes with time. Within the first week after gene transfer, intimal smooth muscle cell proliferation is present. PDGF BB is expressed by these proliferating smooth muscle cells, suggesting that it can regulate cell proliferation in vivo. Intimal cell proliferation peaked at 1 week and declined 2 weeks after gene transfer. The total number of cells in the intima at 2 to 7 days could not be accounted for by proliferation alone, suggesting that migration of medial smooth muscle cells to the intima may contribute to the intimal lesion. These findings are consistent with previous observations in a different ...
Exemplos: la mesa, una tabla. 1.1. Antonym: vein High blood pressure is a factor in causing arterial damage. Find another word for arteries. Anatomy. 1. one of the tubes in your body that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body. The pulse pressure, being the difference between systolic and diastolic pressure, is determined primarily by the amount of blood ejected by each heart beat, stroke volume, versus the volume and elasticity of the major arteries. Blood is spurted out at a rapid, intermittent rate, that coincides with the heartbeat. The arterioles supply capillaries, which in turn empty into venules. See also: carotid artery, artillery, arty, arterial. Inflections of artery (n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Gratuit. Arterial formation begins and ends when endothelial cells begin to express arterial specific genes, such as ephrin B2.[4]. The plural of carotid artery is carotid arteries. It is unique because the blood in it is not oxygenated, as it has ...
This study offers an edition and fresh analysis of the fragmentary evidence for the views of Praxagoras of Cos (4th-3rd c. BC) on arteries, pulsation and pneuma. It presents the relevant fragments and draws new conclusions on Praxagoras views and sources.
Arteries form part of the circulatory system. They carry blood that is oxygenated after it has been pumped from the heart. Coronary arteries also aid the heart in pumping blood by sending oxygenated blood to the heart, allowing the muscles to function. Arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the tissues, except for pulmonary arteries, which carry blood to the lungs for oxygenation (usually veins carry deoxygenated blood to the heart but the pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood as well).[5] There are two types of unique arteries. The pulmonary artery carries blood from the heart to the lungs, where it receives oxygen. It is unique because the blood in it is not oxygenated, as it has not yet passed through the lungs. The other unique artery is the umbilical artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from a fetus to its mother.. Arteries have a blood pressure higher than other parts of the circulatory system. The pressure in arteries varies during the cardiac cycle. It is highest ...
Can you name the Leg Muscle Arteries? Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by ans562
Question - My mom had a heart attack and other artery is 65% blockage, is she OK ?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Myocardial infarction, Ask an Emergency Medicine Specialist
Clogged arteries can be deadly. In fact clogged arteries kill more people than ANY other disease. Clogged arteries cause heart attacks, heart failure and strokes. You may know clogged arteries by different names such as atherosclerosis, artery disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease. All of those amount to the same thing which is clogged arteries due to atherosclerosis and its resulting plaque build-up. Nobody is going to…. ...
I am a 79 year old retired Navy and Airline Pilot. One night I experienced a strange sensation that felt like a million needles in my chest. There was no back, arm or shoulder pain and I dismissed it for a while but the wife convinced me to take a ride to the local hospital ER. This was 3 years ago. When I arrived at the ER they immediately gave me a 81mg aspirin and hooked me to a EKG machine and took blood samples. After the EKG I was sent to the radiation dept for a chest X-ray. After all that, the staff trauma room doctor, a very intelligent and informed lady, came to talk to me. She said, Dave, we have run all the test and your EKG, blood gases, X-ray, blood pressure and pulse rate are normal. But I am afraid that you have a Coronary Artery Block and if I send you home you might die. Instead, I want to admit you to the Cardiac Ward and have them examine you for a block of one of your primary heart arteries. It was my night to learn all about my heart arteries. It was then 3 am and I was ...
Arterial pathology is the major contributor to cardiovascular diseases and mortality. The mechanical properties of arteries are independent factors for cardiovascular disease and mortality, where genetics influence the structure of the arterial wall, which may result in change in arterial stiffness. The aims of this thesis were to study the mechanical properties of the popliteal artery (PA) in healthy subjects and the influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphism and Fibrillin-1 (FBN1) polymorphism on large arteries. Further, the impact of FBN1 polymorphism on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality was investigated.. The PA is, after the abdominal aorta, the most common site of aneurysmal development. The PA was studied in healthy subject with ultrasound and the diameter increased and the distensibility decreased with age, with men having lower distensibility than women. This seems not to be the behavior of a true muscular artery but rather of a central elastic artery such as the ...
Arterial pathology is the major contributor to cardiovascular diseases and mortality. The mechanical properties of arteries are independent factors for cardiovascular disease and mortality, where genetics influence the structure of the arterial wall, which may result in change in arterial stiffness. The aims of this thesis were to study the mechanical properties of the popliteal artery (PA) in healthy subjects and the influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphism and Fibrillin-1 (FBN1) polymorphism on large arteries. Further, the impact of FBN1 polymorphism on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality was investigated.. The PA is, after the abdominal aorta, the most common site of aneurysmal development. The PA was studied in healthy subject with ultrasound and the diameter increased and the distensibility decreased with age, with men having lower distensibility than women. This seems not to be the behavior of a true muscular artery but rather of a central elastic artery such as the ...
Abstract Coronary artery development is a delicate, complex, and finely tuned process that includes multiple interactions among many pathways, especially in the pericardium and the developing myocardium. There still exists some controversy on the exact origin of certain cellular components. Nevertheless, an understanding of this extremely important developmental process is paramount in identifying...
Vascular Anatomy Of The Pelvis Radiology Key Median Sacral Artery Median Sacral Artery Median Sacral Artery Arteria Sacralis Mediana Kenhub, Iliac Vessels Musculoskeletal Key Median Sacral Artery, Median Sacral Artery Median Sacral Artery Arteria Sacralis Mediana Kenhub, Vascular Anatomy Of The Pelvis Radiology Key Median Sacral Artery, ...
The head and neck receives the majority of its blood supply through the carotid and vertebral arteries. This article shall explore the arterial supply to these areas.
severed artery - MedHelps severed artery Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for severed artery. Find severed artery information, treatments for severed artery and severed artery symptoms.
The pontine branches are the small arterial branches of the basilar artery that supply the pons and structures adjacent to the pons. There are usually 3-5 paired arterial branches which are located in the mid-basilar region between the anterior ...
In this study, researchers concluded through animal studies that a diet rich in acai juice may raise HDL levels of good cholesterol and decrease hardening of the arteries.
Atherosclerosis is the medical term used to describe clogged arteries or hardening of the arteries. It is a common form of heart disease, in which arteries become clogged or plugged with a fatty substance so that blood cannot easily flow and deliver oxygen rich blood. You might experience clogged arteries in the heart, brain, kidneys, intestines, arms or legs. Its important to know the symptoms of a clogged artery, especially if you have risk factors for getting one, so that you can get medical assistance as quickly as possible ...
Pain is one of the most common symptom of disease, and is thought to be an indication of an underlying pathology, but in some patients it is not possible to identify a pathophysiological mechanism or to find a well-known disease or pathology as the underlying condition. The evaluation of the patient with pain is frequently complex, because pain is a perception rather than a sensation. Now the diagnosis of pain intensity is based on patient s interpretation of a sensation, emotional response, and associated behavior. Newly discovered signal transduction pathway which uses nitric oxide (NO) to modulate the function of the vascular smooth muscle cells through mechanical wall shear stress (WSS) mechanism. WSS is a linear function of the blood flow rate and is inversely related to the third power of the vessel radius. Wall shear stress is influence smooth muscle tone changing arterial lumen. In turn, the changes in arterial lumen regulate the shear stress. Such the arterial lumen is controlled by ...
A friend of mine is pregnant and is not due until the end of November. Apparantly, until now, shes had a normal pregnancy and the baby and she had been doing well. Now, she has had a couple episodes o...
The staff in the ICU unit marveled at Dougs quick recovery and called him a walking miracle. An ultrasound showed that his left carotid artery was completely blocked, but other arteries in the area had grown and compensated for the blockage. Within six days, he was out of the hospital. In less than a month, he was back at work, but he felt well enough to go back sooner. The only issue he had was in learning to write his name again, but he totally recovered that ability.. Today, Doug cant help but get a little emotional when he talks about his stroke. He says he can see God in every detail of that day, starting with how he was at work because he originally wasnt scheduled to be. Also, he was where other people could see him when it started and working when the nurse was on site. If any of these things had been different, he might not have gotten the quick treatment he needed. Plus, he is amazed at how perfectly the other arteries have grown to compensate for the blockage and how he has been ...
Soften hardened arteries with this inexpensive nutrient As you may know, you have to do two things to avoid a heart attack. You have to keep your vascular system free of blood clots, especially the arteries around the heart. And you have to keep your arteries soft and supple. Hardened arteries, or atherosclerosis, occur when the arterial walls thicken because of a build-up of fatty materials. Many times, these two conditions go hand-in-hand. As the arterial walls thicken, they become more likely to clot.
Small artery function 2 years postpartum in women with altered glycaemic distributions in their preceding pregnancy Academic Article ...
Using a Venturi meter, the flow of blood in a large artery of anesthetized dog is diverted. The wider part of that meter has a cross-sectional area equal to that of the artery and has magnitude \(8\text{ mm}^2\). The narrower part has an area of \(4 \text{ mm}^2\). The pressure drop in the artery is 24 pascals. What is the speed of the blood in the artery in \(\text{ms}^{-1}\) ? Give your answer to correct three decimal places.. Take density of blood as \(1.06 \times 10^3 \text{ kg m}^{-3}\).. ...
Clogged arteries or atherosclerosis can lead to serious heart diseases. The function of the arteries is to transport oxygen and essential nutrients from heart to the rest of the body. Arteries can get clogged when due to high blood pressure cholesterol starts building up on the walls of the arteries. This can eventually lead to […]
Currently, no clinically available small (5 millimeter in diameter and smaller) vascular grafts can emulate the biological and physical properties of normal arteries. Implanted grafts of currently available materials fail because of clotting and stiffness as related to normal blood vessels. A small vessel prosthesis (artery graft) that better emulates normal arterial walls would greatly improve the treatment of both peripheral vascular disease and coronary artery disease, the researchers state in a summary of their research. This is one of the applications it suits perfectly since conventional fiber extrusion technology is incapable of making such a material i.e., one that can combine proteins and synthetic materials together to form a composite small- scale device with all the right kind of properties, Brown said ...
The person experiencing these signs may be under a different condition than heart diseases, but if in case it is a clogged artery symptom, immediate medical treatment should be done.. Plaque is the main cause of a clogged artery. When we eat fatty foods, some of the fats flow within our bloodstream. These may build up within the walls of our arteries. This does not happen quickly, but when this continues through the years, plaque may build up within the arterial walls, and when it is big enough, it causes obstruction in the blood flow, which means less blood and oxygen is delivered to the heart, causing it to be less functional.. The following are the most common signs of clogged arteries that should be observed carefully. Although these may indicate another condition, it is still best to respond to them quickly to prevent a stroke or heart attack.. Chest discomfort, which can be described as heaviness, tightness, pressure, burning, aching, or squeezing (this may last for several minutes and ...
The results of this research indicate that the plaque or blockages create around injuries in the arteries.. Now, injuries are formed mostly on places where physical stress on the artery is present and this is where we come to the thesis that certain substances called Lipoprotein(a) inhibitors should prevent and may even dissolve plaque that is present in the arteries. If the plaque is mostly made of this LP(a) LDL cholesterol and considering that this substance can and will attract even more LP(a), solution has been searched in this manner. Next, what if there are some substances that can be attracted to this sticky stuff and dissolve it?. Linus Pauling concluded that lysine, with the help of vitamin C can help the artery. This is just basics of his research but there is much more to it, this explanation is just simplified to be easily understandable. This article shows that with some quality research in to the source of some problems it is possible to understand the inner workings and see where ...
The heart is made mainly of special muscle. The heart pumps blood into blood vessels (arteries) which take the blood to every part of the body. The coronary arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart If these arteries are narrowed or blocked, the heart does not get enough oxygen. This can cause angina or a heart attack. The blockage can be sudden […]. READ MORE ...
An organs larger arteries and veins flow between its functional units. Often there is a generous amount of loose fibrous tissue separating an artery and the business cells of the organ. If youre interested in the layers of the arteries, they are: Intima: Inner layer, the endothelium, a bit of collagen, and perhaps a few other inconspicuous cells. Media: Middle layer, composed of smooth muscle oriented circumferentially. Adventitia: Fibrous tissue, merging with the surrounding fibrous tissue of the organ. ...
Arti kata dari vaginal artery. Definisi dari vaginal artery. Pengertian dari vaginal artery: a branch of the internal iliac that provides blood for the vagina and the base of the bladder and the rectum;
Artery Nugget GT 510 Adaptor is designed for the Artery Nugget GT to become a dual 18650 box mod. The Artery Nugget GT with this adaptor, will become compatible with 510 thread atomizers. 1x Artery Nugget GT 510 Adaptor
Mass deposition inside the artery wall may play a significant role in the development of the disease atherosclerosis. Locally elevated concentrations of LDL in the arterial wall are considered to be the initiator of atherosclerotic plaque formation. In this study, an attempt has been made to study initially the effect of fluid dynamic parameters on the disease and finally proposed a concept, from the idea of basic flow characteristics in constricted arteries, for the assessment of mass deposition in the arterial wall to some extent for rectangular as well as half circular stenosed models. Reynolds numbers are chosen as 100, 200, 300 and 400 and percentage of restrictions as 30%, 50%, 70% and 90% respectively. The governing Navier-Stokes and continuity equations are solved in the artery lumen with the commercial CFD code ANSYS 12.1. The pressure-velocity coupling equations are solved by SIMPLE (Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations) algorithm. The studies on pressure drop at stenosis zone
I noticed what seems to be a flaw in my Kepler Bb humanoids 2 circulatory systems. That would be bleeding. Sure, the 2 hearts get more oxygen so an MI is less likely and if it does happen, the other healthy heart compensates so they are only considered to have heart disease if both hearts are damaged in some way.. But there is a big problem here with having the arteries right next to each other. If you have a pair of arteries that are the same size and right next to each other, the force from blood pressure on the walls will change. The force from the right side of the left artery will cause the right side of the right artery to have more force. Likewise, the force from the left side of the right artery will cause the left side of the left artery to have more force. Maybe not double but definitely more. Also, the right side of the left artery and the left side of the right artery will have less force. So overall, the force is going to be going outwards. This will cause asymmetric vasodilation ...
Atherosclerosis is a common disorder of the arteries. Fat, cholesterol, and other substances collect in the walls of arteries. Larger accumulations are called atheromas or plaque and can damage artery walls and block blood flow. Severely restricted blood flow in the heart muscle leads to symptoms such as chest pain ...
Study Flashcards On arteries at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
What is an artery and a vein? Veins and arteries are the two types of blood vessels of a circulatory system of a body. Artery All blood vessels starting from
This study investigated the co-relation of artery stiffness and hypertension with Cancer progression and mortality in patients treated with sorafenib or
The pelvic cavity also contains major arteries, veins, muscles, and nerves. These structures coexist in a crowded space, and ...
Absorption spectrum for arteries[edit]. In this case S. a. O. 2. {\displaystyle SaO_{2}\,}. ≈ 98% (arterial oxygen saturation ... Figure 6 (a): Spectra for arteries (SaO2 ≈ 98%). Absorption coefficient: λmin = 686 nm; NIR window = (634 - 756) nm. ... tissue saturation index)), it is necessary to define a distribution of arteries and veins in tissue. an arterial-venous blood ...
Typically, coronary artery disease occurs when part of the smooth, elastic lining inside a coronary artery (the arteries that ... Other terms sometimes used for this condition are "hardening of the arteries" and "narrowing of the arteries".[109] In Latin it ... Micrograph of a coronary artery with the most common form of coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis) and marked luminal ... Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD),[13] refers to a group of diseases which includes ...
For hundreds of years the river was one of the main trading arteries of Poland, and the castles that line its banks were highly ...
... the main artery of the heart, thereby raising risk of coronary artery disease.[63] ... Coronary artery disease[edit]. The primary health risk identified for trans fat consumption is an elevated risk of coronary ... Although trans fats are edible, consuming trans fats has been shown to increase the risk of coronary artery disease in part by ... This is because any incremental increase in trans fat intake increases the risk of coronary artery disease.[55] ...
... the sphenopalatine artery, the greater palatine artery, the superior labial artery, and the angular artery. ... an ophthalmic artery branch) and the supratrochlear artery (an ophthalmic artery terminus), which can be thinned to the ... infraorbital artery) and the ophthalmic arteries that derive from the internal common carotid artery system. ... C. Nasal blood supply - arteries and veins[edit]. Like the face, the human nose is well vascularized with arteries and veins, ...
Anterior cerebral artery theory[edit]. Another theory into the cause of cold-stimulus headaches is explained by increased blood ... This increase in blood volume and resulting increase in size in this artery is thought to bring on the pain associated with a ... When the anterior cerebral artery constricts, reining in the response to this increased blood volume, the pain disappears. The ... flow to the brain through the anterior cerebral artery, which supplies oxygenated blood to most medial portions of the frontal ...
Regression of the hyaloid artery[edit]. The hyaloid artery, an artery running through the vitreous humour during the fetal ...
Further development of arteries[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. Страница 515[редактиране , редактиране на кода]. * ...
Neck arteriesEdit. Both lorisoids and cheirogaleid lemurs have replaced the internal carotid artery with an enlarged ascending ... pharyngeal artery.[94]. Ankle bonesEdit. Strepsirrhines also possess distinctive features in their tarsus (ankle bones) that ...
internal carotid artery[edit]. *ophthalmic artery *Orbital group *Lacrimal artery *lateral palpebral arteries ... common hepatic artery *proper hepatic artery *Terminal branches *right hepatic artery *Cystic artery ... posterior tibial artery *fibular artery (sometimes from popliteal artery) *communicating branch to the anterior tibial artery ... superior rectal artery. median sacral[edit]. common iliac[edit]. Common iliac arteries[edit]. internal iliac artery[edit]. ...
Coronary artery diseaseEdit. Main article: Coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease, also known as "ischemic heart ... There are two different types of transposition of the great arteries, Dextro-transposition of the great arteries and Levo- ... As the left and right coronary arteries run on the surface of the heart, they can be called epicardial coronary arteries. These ... This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or ...
ACA (anterior communicating, Recurrent artery of Heubner, Orbitofrontal artery). *MCA (anterolateral central, Prefrontal artery ... The arteries and veins have three layers. The middle layer is thicker in the arteries than it is in the veins: *The inner layer ... In all arteries apart from the pulmonary artery, hemoglobin is highly saturated (95-100%) with oxygen. In all veins apart from ... In general, arteries and arterioles transport oxygenated blood from the lungs to the body and its organs, and veins and venules ...
... the celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery, and inferior mesenteric artery. The areas supplied by these arteries are used to ... The sac is surrounded by a network of vitelline arteries. Over time, these arteries consolidate into the three main arteries ... From the bifurcation of the trachea downwards, the esophagus passes behind the right pulmonary artery, left main bronchus, and ... The upper parts of the esophagus and the upper esophageal sphincter receive blood from the inferior thyroid artery, the parts ...
Each renal artery branches into segmental arteries, dividing further into interlobar arteries, which penetrate the renal ... The interlobar arteries then supply blood to the arcuate arteries that run through the boundary of the cortex and the medulla. ... Each arcuate artery supplies several interlobular arteries that feed into the afferent arterioles that supply the glomeruli. ... 1. Renal pyramid • 2. Interlobular artery • 3. Renal artery • 4. Renal vein 5. Renal hilum • 6. Renal pelvis • 7. Ureter • 8. ...
Artery. Intercostal arteries. Nerve. Intercostal nerves. Actions. Depresses ribs. Identifiers. Latin. Musculus transversus ...
Uterine arteryEdit. Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a noninvasive procedure that blocks of blood flow to fibroids and thus ... uterine artery embolization. In those who have symptoms, uterine artery embolization and surgical options have similar outcomes ... Uterine artery ligation, sometimes also laparoscopic occlusion of uterine arteries are minimally invasive methods to limit ... Medications, surgery, uterine artery embolization[1]. Medication. Ibuprofen, paracetamol (acetaminophen), iron supplements, ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
Renal artery stenosis - is the narrowing of renal arteries that carry blood to the kidneys from the aorta.[2] ... Peripheral artery disease - happens when atheromatous plaques build up in the arteries that supply blood to the arms and legs, ... "Renal Artery Stenosis". www.niddk.nih.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-23.. *^ a b "Vascular Diseases: MedlinePlus". www.nlm.nih.gov. ... Vascular disease is a class of diseases of the blood vessels - the arteries and veins of the circulatory system of the body. It ...
Important transportation arteries. *Independence Street (vulytsya Nezalezhnosti) / Tysmenytsya Road (doroha Tysmenetska). * ...
These birth defects included neural tube defects, malformations of the cardiac septa, anomalies of arteries and veins, and ... pulmonary artery and heart valves.[42] The effects of carbon monoxide exposure are decreased later in fetal development during ...
Artery. superior hypophyseal artery, infundibular artery, prechiasmal artery, inferior hypophyseal artery, capsular artery, ... Gibo H, Hokama M, Kyoshima K, Kobayashi S (1993). "[Arteries to the pituitary]". Nippon Rinsho. 51 (10): 2550-4. PMID 8254920. ...
Arteries, Nerves and Ducts: classification, locations, theory on their roles, symptoms in cases of disorder [114] ...
A shunt can be created between the aorta and the pulmonary artery to help increase blood flow to the lungs. As the child grows ... The type of surgery recommended depends on the size of the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery, if the right ventricle is ... The pulmonary valve is located on the right side of the heart between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery. In a normal ... and the walls and arteries/veins near the heart muscle. Consequently, blood flow due to the aforementioned structural ...
Artery. short posterior ciliary arteries. Identifiers. Latin. processus ciliares. TA. A15.2.03.011. ...
"Constitutive modelling of arteries". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A. 466 (2118): 1551-1597. Bibcode:2010RSPSA. ...
The median nerve enters the forearm between the two heads of the muscle, and is separated from the ulnar artery by the ulnar ...
Second, the superior epigastric artery, a terminal branch of the internal thoracic artery, supplies blood to the upper portion ... The hematoma may be caused by either rupture of the epigastric artery or by a muscular tear. Causes of this include ... Classification of the vascular anatomy of muscles: First, the inferior epigastric artery and vein (or veins) run superiorly on ... Finally, numerous small segmental contributions come from the lower six intercostal arteries as well. ...
Artery. Mylohyoid branch of inferior alveolar artery and submental artery of facial artery. ...
Artery. Inferior rectal artery. Vein. Inferior rectal vein. Nerve. Inferior rectal nerves. ...
An artery is made up of several layers: an inner lining called the endothelium, an elastic membrane that allows the artery to ... In coronary artery bypass surgery (bypass surgery), a detour is built around the blockage with a healthy vein or artery, which ... Hardening of the arteries Heart disease A common type of arteriosclerosis found in medium and larger arteries in which raised ... It can cause a stroke if it completely blocks the brain (carotid) arteries. Atherosclerosis can also occur in the arteries of ...
The two main branches are the left coronary artery (LCA) and right coronary artery (RCA). The arteries can additionally be ... The coronary arteries are mainly composed of the left and right coronary arteries, both of which give off several branches as ... Coronary artery disease (CAD) or ischemic heart disease (IHD) are the terms used to describe narrowing of the coronary arteries ... Schlesinger MJ, Zoll PM, Wessler S (1949). "The conus artery: a third coronary artery". American Heart Journal. 38 (6): 823-38 ...
Short gastric arteries. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Gastric arteries.. If an internal ... Related titles should be described in Gastric arteries, while unrelated titles should be moved to Gastric arteries ( ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gastric_arteries&oldid=647463915" ...
... have found that drinking at least three cups of coffee every day may prevent calcium from building up in the coronary arteries. ... Is it possible to unclog your arteries? Prevention is the best treatment for clogged arteries. Learn about causes, prevention, ... Atherosclerosis is a condition caused by an accumulation of plaque in the arteries. This buildup can narrow the arteries and ... All subjects also underwent a CT scan, which was used to assess the buildup of calcium in their coronary arteries. ...
Spam -- unsolicited commercial e-mail -- is growing out of control. Experts say spam threatens the very existence of the Internet. The European Union this year looks set to take the lead in restric...
... have found that drinking at least three cups of coffee every day may prevent calcium from building up in the coronary arteries. ... Arteries carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque collects inside the arteries, ... Atherosclerosis is a condition caused by an accumulation of plaque in the arteries. This buildup can narrow the arteries and ... Is it possible to unclog your arteries?. Prevention is the best treatment for clogged arteries. Learn about causes, prevention ...
Shop Arteries Ornaments from CafePress. Find beautiful designs on high quality ornaments that are perfect for decorating. ✓Free ... Arteries Ornaments make for brilliantly simple gifts in the present, and promise to be meaningful keepsakes for memories in the ...
Synonyms: axillary part of subclavian artery axillary part of trunk of subclavian artery arteria axillaris ... Its origin is at the lateral margin of the first rib, before which it is called the subclavian artery. After passing the lower ... In human anatomy, the axillary artery is a large blood vessel that conveys oxygenated blood to the lateral aspect of the thorax ... axillary artery. Go to external page http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UBERON_0001394 Copy ...
Congenital variations of extracranial arteries include fenestration and duplication, variations in the caliber (reduction of ... Maybody M, Uschiskia M, Morton E, Vitek J (2003) Absence of common carotid artery. A rare vascular anomaly. AJNR Am J ... Abnormal course of arteries includes non-typical outcome from magistral trunks and abnormal locations. ... Satti SR, Cerniglia CA, Koenigsberg RA (2007) Cervical vertebral artery variations: an anatomic study. Am J Neuroradiol 28(5): ...
Up to 25 years later, the grown-up children underwent ultrasound scans on the large carotid arteries in their necks, to ... The news is based on emerging evidence that exposure to secondhand smoke damages childrens arteries. This news is concerning, ... Passive smoking ages childrens arteries: Exposure means youngsters are at greater risk of heart attacks and strokes in later ... Overall, this secondary analysis study provides preliminary evidence of the effects of parental passive smoking on the artery ...
... and tender superficial temporal arteries that may have decreased or absent pulses. Other arteries such as the postauricular, ... The two main large artery vasculitides that will be discussed below are giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis (TA). ... Additional symptoms associated with GCA are carotidynia (carotid artery pain) and the thickening of erythematous, nodular, ... pulseless condition due to stenosis of the arteries. In addition to the constitutional syndrome symptoms, patients eventually ...
A branch of an artery is smaller than the trunk from which it arises; but if an artery divides into two branches, the combined ... On either side of its origin is the auricula of the corresponding atrium and a coronary artery, the left coronary artery ... Thus the external maxillary artery in its course over the face, and the arteries of the lips, are extremely tortuous to ... The Arteries VII. The Veins VIII. The Lymphatic System IX. Neurology X. The Organs of the Senses and the Common Integument XI. ...
Drinking a few cups of coffee a day may help people avoid clogged arteries - a known risk factor for heart disease - South ... Specifically, they were looking for any disease of the arteries supplying the heart - the coronary arteries. ... Image caption In heart disease, the arteries supplying the heart muscle can become blocked Some studies have linked consumption ... People who drank a few cups of coffee a day were less likely to have calcium deposits in their coronary arteries than people ...
Learn what causes coronary artery disease (CAD) and how it is diagnosed. Get the facts from the CDC. ... What causes coronary artery disease?. CAD is caused by plaque buildup in the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the ... What is coronary artery disease?. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease in the United States. ... Coronary artery disease is caused by plaque buildup in the wall of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary ...
The sigmoid arteries, two or three in number, run obliquely downward and to the left behind the peritoneum and in front of the ... They originate from the inferior mesenteric artery branch of the abdominal aorta. Their branches supply the lower part of the ... and below with the superior hemorrhoidal artery. This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 610 of the 20th ... Branches of the Inferior Mesenteric Artery" Anatomy image:7926 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center Anatomy portal v t e. ...
Striate arteries or ganglionic arteries arise from the middle cerebral artery and supply deep structures in the cerebrum, ... The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is a large-diameter vessel that branches at an acute angle from the internal carotid artery. ... The lenticulostriate arteries are "end arteries", meaning that the regions they supply do not have significant collateral blood ... This is because emboli are carried up the carotid and tend to be swept into the MCA, sometimes called the "artery of stroke", ...
Unfortunately, plaque caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances can clog your arteries over time. If this happens, you ... Your arteries are large blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to every part of your body. ... This will leech cholesterol and other artery-clogging fats out of your arteries. Long walks help for doing this."..." more ... then theyll insert a stent to keep your artery open. This will effectively unclog your artery.[33] X Trustworthy Source Mayo ...
Its called the circulatory system, and the roads are arteries and veins. Arteries, which usually look red, carry blood away ... Veins and Arteries. Say: vayns and ar-tuh-reez. If youve ever seen a road map, you probably saw many roads going here, there, ...
Some are generalized and affect arteries throughout the body, though often there is variation in the degree they are affected. ... It is characterized by the deposition of fatty substances, such as cholesterol, in the innermost layer of the artery (the ... Atherosclerosis, the most common form of arteriosclerosis, is a disease found in large and medium-sized arteries. ... Diseases of the arteries: There are many types of arterial diseases. ...
The internal carotid artery supplies the brain. Plaque often builds up at that division, and causes a narrowing (stenosis). ... Plaque can also build up at the origin of the carotid artery at the aorta.] ... Pieces of plaque can break off and block the small arteries above in the brain, which causes a stroke. ... Carotid stenosis is a narrowing or constriction of the inner surface (lumen) of the carotid artery, usually caused by ...
... an artery that extends from the axillary artery at the armpit, down the side and inner surface of the upper arm to the elbow, ... where it divides into the radial and ulnar arteries. Source for information on brachial artery: A Dictionary of Nursing ... brachial artery n. an artery that extends from the axillary artery at the armpit, down the side and inner surface of the upper ... www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/brachial-artery ...
... and may provide an uncommon but important collateral route when the principal visceral arteries are... ... The hepatic falciform artery is an occasional terminal branch of the left or middle hepatic artery, ... The hepatic falciform artery is an occasional terminal branch of the left or middle hepatic artery, and may provide an uncommon ... Hepatic falciform artery chemoembolization Mesenteric vascular occlusive disease Arteriography Superumbilical rash This is a ...
The exception, the pulmonary artery, carries oxygen-depleted blood to the lungs for oxygenation and removal of excess carbon ... Artery,, in human physiology, any of the vessels that, with one exception, carry oxygenated blood and nourishment from the ... Large arteries branch off from the aorta and in turn give rise to smaller arteries until the level of the smallest arteries, or ... The large arteries differ structurally from the medium-sized arteries in that they have a much thicker tunica media and a ...
The facial artery is a branch of the external carotid artery. It provides oxygenated blood to the pharynx (throat), palate, ...
Function of Natural Internal Mammary-to-Coronary Artery Bypasses and Its Effect on Myocardial IschemiaCLINICAL PERSPECTIVE ... Bilateral Versus Single Internal Mammary Artery Bypass GraftingDo We Have the Answer? Frank W. Sellke ... Does Use of Bilateral Internal Mammary Artery Grafting Reduce Long-Term Risk of Repeat Coronary Revascularization?A Multicenter ... Frequency and Predictors of Internal Mammary Artery Graft Failure and Subsequent Clinical OutcomesCLINICAL PERSPECTIVEInsights ...
Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Coronal Brain Arteries in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes 1000s ... Coronal Brain Arteries. Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Coronal Brain Arteries in minutes with SmartDraw. ... Coronal Brain Arteries. Anterior cerebral. Middle cerebral. Posterior cerebral. Arterial Supply. LifeART Collection Images ...
Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Inferior Brain Arteries in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes 1000s ... Inferior Brain Arteries. Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Inferior Brain Arteries in minutes with SmartDraw ... Inferior Brain Arteries. Inferior view of the brain showing the arterial supply to the inferior portion of the brain.. LifeART ...
... either of two arteries that originate in the aorta and supply the heart muscle with blood. See more. ... coronary arteries in Science Expand. coronary artery Either of two arteries that originate in the aorta and supply blood to the ... coronary artery n. *. An artery with origin in the right aortic sinus; with distribution to the right side of the heart in the ... coronary arteries definition. The two arteries that supply blood to the heart tissue. ...
New research shows that air pollution plays a role in atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. This in turn contributes to ... Air Pollution Link To Clogged Arteries. Julia WhittyJul. 26, 2007 11:23 PM ... which leads to increased lesions in the clogged arteries, and the potential for thrombi, and resultant heart attacks or strokes ... The fats that clog arteries apparently work in conjunction with air pollution particles to trigger the genes behind ...
Violence is the dominant cuisine of world cinema, so any movie that seems to critique it while serving up a scrum-dilly-icious platter of blood and sha ...
  • Atherosclerosis, a progressive process responsible for most heart disease, is a type of arteriosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis that affects only the inner lining of an artery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Atherosclerosis can cause a heart attack if it completely blocks the blood flow in the heart (coronary) arteries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Atherosclerosis can also occur in the arteries of the neck, kidneys, thighs, and arms, causing kidney failure or gangrene and amputation . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Narrowing of the arteries can be caused by a process known as atherosclerosis (most common), arteriosclerosis , or arteriolosclerosis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Conducted by researchers from the University of São Paulo in Brazil, the study reveals that drinking at least three cups of coffee every day may lower the risk of clogged arteries, or atherosclerosis . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Atherosclerosis is a condition caused by an accumulation of plaque in the arteries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • If this happens, you may develop a condition called atherosclerosis, which means your arteries have hardened. (wikihow.com)
  • Atherosclerosis , the most common form of arteriosclerosis , is a disease found in large and medium-sized arteries. (britannica.com)
  • Building upon a recent discovery by their Massachusetts General Hospital research collaborators that macrophage proliferation dictates atherosclerosis-related vessel wall inflammation, the Mount Sinai research team applied a nanomedicine strategy with a molecule of "good cholesterol," or high-density lipoprotein (HDL), a naturally occurring shuttle that travels from the liver to arteries. (prweb.com)
  • New research shows that air pollution plays a role in atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. (motherjones.com)
  • Atherosclerosis, or the thickening of arteries, can strike any artery in the system, leading to different symptoms throughout the body that can serve as early warning signs for cardiovascular disease. (pcrm.org)
  • Another name for atherosclerosis is "hardening of the arteries. (webmd.com)
  • Long before they can be called plaques, hints of atherosclerosis can be found in the arteries. (webmd.com)
  • It is caused by atherosclerosis, an accumulation of fatty materials on the inner linings of arteries. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Coronary artery disease is usually caused by atherosclerosis. (encyclopedia.com)
  • CT scans of 137 mummies showed evidence of atherosclerosis, or hardened arteries, in one third of those examined, including those from ancient people believed to have healthy lifestyles. (sify.com)
  • People with atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries are said to have coronary heart disease . (www.nhs.uk)
  • When the arteries in the neck become blocked due to a clot or atherosclerosis, you are at an increased risk of a heart attack or stroke. (ehow.co.uk)
  • HealthDay News) -- Hardening and narrowing of the arteries -- medically called atherosclerosis -- may require lifestyle changes to protect yourself from heart attack. (hon.ch)
  • A certain immune reaction is the key, not to slowing atherosclerosis like cholesterol-lowering drugs do, but instead to reversing a disease that gradually blocks arteries to cause heart attacks and strokes. (eurekalert.org)
  • Mice fed a diet high in trans-fats had a four-fold increase in markers of early lesions of atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, which in turn increases your risk of heart attack and stroke. (mercola.com)
  • Atherosclerosis, which involves the clogging and hardening of arteries, is the number one cause of CAD. (healthline.com)
  • Atherosclerosis is thought to happen in areas of the arteries that have turbulence, with unsteady and swirling blood flow, but other factors such as hypertension (high blood pressure), infections, and chemicals can damage the artery walls. (healthline.com)
  • Clogged arteries, medically known as arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis, refers to a condition in which fatty substances called cholesterol build up in your blood vessel walls. (livestrong.com)
  • Medline Plus states that clogged arteries are common and such conditions as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, family history, smoking and a high-fat diet can lead to atherosclerosis. (livestrong.com)
  • Coronary artery disease results from atherosclerosis, a buildup of fatty deposits and plaque in the lining of a coronary artery, which narrows the artery and causes a decrease in blood flow to the heart muscle. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Angiography, which requires insertion of a slim catheter tube into the blood vessels, is the typical way physicians gauge the degree of artery blockage to determine whether treatment is necessary. (go.com)
  • Checks the inside of your arteries for blockage by inserting a thin, flexible tube through an artery in the groin, arm, or neck to reach the heart. (cdc.gov)
  • Monitors blockage and flow of blood through the coronary arteries. (cdc.gov)
  • The arteries leading to the lower back are among the first in the body to accumulate plaque and show signs of blockage. (pcrm.org)
  • Coronary artery disease is a narrowing or blockage of the arteries and vessels that provide oxygen and nutrients to the heart. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This blockage limits the flow of blood from the coronary arteries, which are the major arteries supplying oxygen-rich blood to the heart. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a narrowing or blockage of arteries that causes poor blood flow to your legs or arms. (bcm.edu)
  • People with blocked coronary arteries who adhere to a strict vegetarian diet, engage in mild daily exercise and practice stress-reduction techniques can reverse the blockage, according to a study being published today. (nytimes.com)
  • A coronary artery bypass graft involves taking a blood vessel from another part of the body (usually the chest, leg or arm) and attaching it to the coronary artery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This allows blood to flow around the blocked artery to another artery nearby or to the same artery past the blockage, protecting the heart tissue from injury. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Further, the mice where unable to efficiently repair blood vessel blockage through the formation of new arteries. (scienceblog.com)
  • The catheter will be carefully guided into the artery and up to the point of the blockage. (familydoctor.org)
  • There are rare causes of damage or blockage to a coronary artery that can also limit blood flow to the heart. (healthline.com)
  • Blockage of this artery can lead to brain damage called a stroke. (empowher.com)
  • Not to be confused with Pulmonary artery § Interlobar arteries of the lung , or Interlobular arteries . (wikipedia.org)
  • d(dextro)-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is a structural heart anomaly characterized clinically by cyanosis (usually) and anatomically by an abnormal origin of the great arteries, such that the aorta exits from the right ventricle (instead of the left) and the pulmonary artery exits from the left ventricle (instead of the right) (see Fig. 4.16 ). (cdc.gov)
  • see pulmonary artery . (wiktionary.org)
  • 503 Transverse section of thorax, showing relations of pulmonary artery. (theodora.com)
  • The pulmonary artery conveys the venous blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs. (theodora.com)
  • The pulmonary trunk and arteries of the pulmonary circulation loop provide an exception to this rule - these arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs to be oxygenated. (innerbody.com)
  • Relationship between interatrial communication, ductus arteriosus, and pulmonary flow patterns in fetuses with transposition of the great arteries: prediction of neonatal desaturation. (medscape.com)
  • The "great arteries" in this anomaly refer to the aorta and the pulmonary artery, the two major arteries carrying blood away from the heart. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • They are "transposed" from their normal position so that the aorta arises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery from the left ventricle. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • This means the oxygen-poor ("blue") blood returning from the body and coursing through the right atrium and right ventricle is pumped out to the aorta and to the body, while the oxygen-rich ("red") blood returning from the lungs and coursing through the left atrium and ventricle is sent back to the lungs via the pulmonary artery. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • This redirects the oxygen-rich blood to the right ventricle and aorta and the oxygen-poor blood to the left ventricle and the pulmonary artery. (heart.org)
  • The aorta and pulmonary artery are switched back to their normal positions. (heart.org)
  • The aorta is connected to the left ventricle, and the pulmonary artery is connected to the right ventricle. (heart.org)
  • Patients who had the arterial switch operation may need more surgery to relieve narrowings in the aorta or pulmonary artery where the original surgery was done, or to fix leaky valves. (heart.org)
  • In patients with VSDs, it may be recommended to undergo a more complex surgical procedure known as a 'double switch' which reroutes the red blood to the left ventricle and aorta and blue blood to the right ventricle and pulmonary artery. (heart.org)
  • The left coronary artery (LCA) arises from the aorta within the left cusp of the aortic valve and feeds blood to the left side of the heart . (wikipedia.org)
  • One of a pair of arteries that is a branch of the abdominal aorta that supplies blood to a male gonad. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • T HE DISTRIBUTION of the systematic arteries is like a highly ramified tree, the common trunk of which, formed by the aorta, commences at the left ventricle, while the smallest ramifications extend to the peripheral parts of the body and the contained organs. (theodora.com)
  • so that the arteries collectively may be regarded as a cone, the apex of which corresponds to the aorta, and the base to the capillary system. (theodora.com)
  • They originate from the inferior mesenteric artery branch of the abdominal aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Here, at the root of the aorta, are the openings of the coronary arteries and the arteries supplying the brain are close by. (dictionary.com)
  • Either of two arteries that originate in the aorta and supply blood to the muscular tissue of the heart. (dictionary.com)
  • Two major coronary arteries branch off from the aorta near the point where the aorta and the left ventricle meet. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • In nearly a third, the branching pattern of the coronary arteries as they leave the transposed aorta is unusual. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The coronary arteries, which carry the oxygen-rich blood that nourishes the heart muscle, also need to be re-attached to the new aorta. (heart.org)
  • As we age, the major arteries of our bodies frequently become thickened with plaque, a fatty material with an oatmeal-like consistency that builds up along the inner lining of blood vessels. (wiktionary.org)
  • It diverts blood around narrowed or clogged parts of the major arteries to improve blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Blood travels from your body to your brain through two major arteries called the carotid arteries. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Thus the external maxillary artery in its course over the face, and the arteries of the lips, are extremely tortuous to accommodate themselves to the movements of the parts. (theodora.com)
  • The facial artery (external maxillary artery in older texts) is a branch of the external carotid artery that supplies structures of the superficial face. (dbpedia.org)
  • Transposed great arteries can also occur as part of complex heart anomalies such as heterotaxy. (cdc.gov)
  • Transposed great arteries can occur with double outlet right ventricle (DORV). (cdc.gov)
  • l(levo) transposition of the great arteries (l-TGA, Q20.5) is a different condition, epidemiologically, anatomically and developmentally, and it is not recommended to be included with d-TGA. (cdc.gov)
  • In 11 (68.8%) of the 16 cases with cardiac defects the condition was readily diagnosable by evaluating the standard four-chamber view and the views of the great arteries. (slideshare.net)
  • Cardiovascular outcomes after the arterial switch operation for D-transposition of the great arteries. (medscape.com)
  • Left ventricular retraining and late arterial switch for D-transposition of the great arteries. (medscape.com)
  • Co-Vu JG, Ginde S, Bartz PJ, Frommelt PC, Tweddell JS, Earing MG. Long-term outcomes of the neoaorta after arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries. (medscape.com)
  • Mid-term outcomes in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries: a single center experience. (medscape.com)
  • Systemic right ventricular fibrosis detected by cardiovascular magnetic resonance is associated with clinical outcome, mainly new-onset atrial arrhythmia, in patients after atrial redirection surgery for transposition of the great arteries. (medscape.com)
  • Impact of prenatal diagnosis of transposition of the great arteries on postnatal outcome. (medscape.com)
  • Long-term results after the Rastelli repair for transposition of the great arteries. (medscape.com)
  • Late results after PTCA for coronary stenosis after the arterial switch procedure for transposition of the great arteries. (medscape.com)
  • In cases of transposition of the great arteries, these vessels arise from the wrong ventricle. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Other heart defects may occur along with transposition of the great arteries. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Transposition of the great arteries can be diagnosed by a fetal ultrasound. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Echocardiography can rapidly and accurately demonstrate the abnormal connections of the great arteries as well as other important features of the cardiac anatomy such as the presence and size of an atrial or ventricular septal defect and the branching patterns of the coronary arteries. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • Patients with transposition of the great arteries require surgery early in life to survive. (heart.org)
  • Children who have transposition of the great arteries are at increased risk for endocarditis. (heart.org)
  • The I-transposition, however, is less dangerous than a d-transposition because the great arteries are also reversed. (heart.org)
  • People who have l-transposition of the great arteries may require endocarditis prophylaxis if they have a prosthetic valve. (heart.org)
  • In human anatomy, the axillary artery is a large blood vessel that conveys oxygenated blood to the lateral aspect of the thorax, the axilla (armpit) and the upper limb. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • brachial artery n. an artery that extends from the axillary artery at the armpit, down the side and inner surface of the upper arm to the elbow, where it divides into the radial and ulnar arteries. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The subclavian artery runs into the axillary region where it becomes known as the axillary artery. (innerbody.com)
  • The coronary arteries are the arterial blood vessels of coronary circulation , which transport oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The interlobar arteries are vessels of the renal circulation which supply the renal lobes . (wikipedia.org)
  • Passive smoking causes lasting damage to children's arteries, prematurely ageing their blood vessels by more than three years," BBC News reports. (www.nhs.uk)
  • In the limbs the anastomoses are most numerous and of largest size around the joints, the branches of an artery above uniting with branches from the vessels below. (theodora.com)
  • The sigmoid arteries, two or three in number, run obliquely downward and to the left behind the peritoneum and in front of the psoas major, ureter, and internal spermatic vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Your arteries are large blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to every part of your body. (wikihow.com)
  • Cross-sectional diagrams of human blood vessels showing a normal, healthy artery and a narrowed, atherosclerotic artery. (britannica.com)
  • The third component of the average heart is the set of coronary arteries , the blood vessels that feed blood to the heart itself. (dictionary.com)
  • A term applied to vessels and nerves which encircle parts, as the coronary arteries of the heart. (dictionary.com)
  • There are three major types of blood vessels: arteries, capillaries and veins. (innerbody.com)
  • Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. (innerbody.com)
  • To withstand this pressure, the walls of the arteries are thicker, more elastic, and more muscular than those of other vessels. (innerbody.com)
  • The most common cause of PAD is the buildup of plaque in blood vessels called "hardening" of the arteries. (bcm.edu)
  • These are two blood vessels or arteries. (macmillan.org.uk)
  • This is supplied by 2 large blood vessels called the left and right coronary arteries. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Also, a coronary angioplasty may not be recommended if multiple coronary arteries have become blocked and narrowed or the structure of the blood vessels near your heart is abnormal. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Here, a surgeon creates a graft using blood vessels from the leg or another part of the body that can be used as a channel to bypass a blocked artery. (news-medical.net)
  • When the coronary arteries narrow to the point that blood flow to the heart muscle is limited (coronary artery disease), collateral vessels may enlarge and become active. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The word is derived from the ancient Greek artēriā, a word originally applied to any of the vessels that emanated from the chest cavity, including arteries, veins, and the bronchial tubes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It occurs when the coronary arteries (blood vessels) that carry blood away from your heart get blocked with plaque. (familydoctor.org)
  • The most frequent cause of CAD is injury and plaque buildup in these vessels, which are called coronary arteries. (healthline.com)
  • Coronary heart disease (CHD)-also sometimes called coronary artery disease-is the most common form of cardiovascular disease, a group of disorders that involve the heart and blood vessels. (healthcentral.com)
  • CHD is a narrowing of the coronary arteries, the vessels that supply oxygenated blood (fuel) to the heart muscle. (healthcentral.com)
  • The two main branches are the left coronary artery (LCA) and right coronary artery (RCA). (wikipedia.org)
  • The coronary arteries are mainly composed of the left and right coronary arteries, both of which give off several branches as shown in the 'Coronary artery flow' figure. (wikipedia.org)
  • It branches into two arteries, the left anterior descending and the left circumflex . (wikipedia.org)
  • The RCA primarily branches into the right marginal arteries , and, in 67% of individuals, gives place to the posterior descending artery . (wikipedia.org)
  • The arteries, in their distribution, communicate with one another, forming what are called anastomoses, and these communications are very free between the large as well as between the smaller branches. (theodora.com)
  • it is also found in the abdomen, where the intestinal arteries have very ample anastomoses between their larger branches. (theodora.com)
  • The fibrous layer of the pericardium is gradually lost upon the external coats of the two branches of the artery. (theodora.com)
  • The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is a large-diameter vessel that branches at an acute angle from the internal carotid artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In such cases the anastomosis between branches of the coronary arteries is unusually free. (dictionary.com)
  • How to remember branches of External Carotid Artery? (youtube.com)
  • These arteries and their branches supply all parts of the heart muscle with blood. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The rest of the right coronary artery and its main branch, the posterior descending artery, together with the branches of the circumflex artery, run across the surface of the heart's underside, supplying the bottom portion of the left ventricle and back of the septum. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The lateral sacral arteries, along with the iliolumbar and the superior gluteal arteries, are branches of the posterior division of the internal iliac artery. (healthline.com)
  • The superior lateral sacral artery passes down and across the sacrum before it connects with branches of the middle sacral arteries and then the anterior sacral foramen to supply the membranes. (healthline.com)
  • Branches include lateral lentciulostriate arteries. (luc.edu)
  • [10] Unlike CAD, spontaneous coronary artery dissection is not due to plaque buildup in arteries, and tends to occur in younger individuals, including women who have recently given birth or men who do intense exercise. (wikipedia.org)
  • This buildup can narrow the arteries and restrict blood flow, which can lead to heart disease and stroke . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • According to the study researchers - including Dirce M. Marchioni, of the University of São Paulo's School of Public Health - few studies have investigated how coffee affects calcium buildup in the coronary arteries, and those that have looked at this association have produced inconsistent results. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • All subjects also underwent a CT scan , which was used to assess the buildup of calcium in their coronary arteries. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Coronary artery disease is caused by plaque buildup in the wall of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries). (cdc.gov)
  • Plaque buildup causes the inside of the arteries to narrow over time. (cdc.gov)
  • CAD is caused by plaque buildup in the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart (called coronary arteries) and other parts of the body. (cdc.gov)
  • Plaque buildup causes the inside of the arteries to narrow over time, which can partially or totally block the blood flow. (cdc.gov)
  • A computed tomography (CT) scan that looks in the coronary arteries for calcium buildup and plaque. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, patients with higher WNT5A levels tended to show a faster progression of "plaque" buildup in their arteries in the next three to five years. (medicinenet.com)
  • Blocked arteries caused by plaque buildup and blood clots are the leading cause of death in the U.S. Reducing cholesterol and other risk factors can help prevent cholesterol plaques from forming. (webmd.com)
  • After passing the lower margin of teres major it becomes the brachial artery. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • this, in turn, becomes the brachial artery as it passes down the upper arm. (britannica.com)
  • artery of the neck, the brachial artery inside the elbow, and the radial artery in the wrist. (britannica.com)
  • For example, the brachiocephalic artery carries blood into the brachial (arm) and cephalic (head) regions. (innerbody.com)
  • Beetroot juice also had no effect on the dilation (widening) of the brachial artery in these volunteers," says lead author and Penn State physiology graduate student Jin-Kwang Kim. (theepochtimes.com)
  • This occurs when plaques (made up of deposits of cholesterol and other substances) build up over time in the walls of the arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plaques are deposits of fat, calcium and other substances that clog the arteries and can trigger a heart attack or stroke . (medicinenet.com)
  • But when particles of cholesterol, fat, and other cells build up in arteries-thanks mostly to a Western diet loaded with meat, dairy products, and eggs-they create fatty streaks and eventually form plaques that obstruct blood flow. (pcrm.org)
  • Plaques begin in artery walls and grow over years. (webmd.com)
  • The growth of cholesterol plaques slowly blocks blood flow in the arteries . (webmd.com)
  • Cholesterol plaques start developing in the walls of arteries. (webmd.com)
  • Slow-growing cholesterol plaques may or may not ever cause any symptoms -- even with severely blocked arteries. (webmd.com)
  • Coronary artery disease -- Stable cholesterol plaques in the heart 's arteries can cause no symptoms or can cause chest pain called angina . (webmd.com)
  • They attract fibrous tissue, blood components, and calcium, and harden into artery-clogging plaques. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Atherosclerotic plaques often form blood clots that also can block the coronary arteries (coronary thrombosis). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The study ''offers strong scientific evidence that life-style changes alone can actually reverse the progression of atherosclerotic plaques in coronary ateries,'' said Dr. Claude Lenfant, director of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in Bethesda, Md. ''These changes can begin to reverse even severe cornonary artery disease after only one year, without the use of cholesterol-lowering drugs. (nytimes.com)
  • Over time, these arteries can become narrowed and hardened by the build-up of fatty deposits called plaques. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Another risk associated with coronary heart disease is the possibility of one of the plaques in the coronary artery rupturing (splitting), creating a blood clot. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This balloon is then inflated, which pushes fatty deposits or plaques against the artery walls. (news-medical.net)
  • Estimated to affect 8 million people in the United States alone, peripheral artery disease arises when artery-clogging "plaques" restrict blood flow in the legs. (medicinenet.com)
  • By the fourth decade of life, and thanks to the chronic reaction to cholesterol, most people have inflamed "wounds" in their arteries called plaques, which when severe enough can rupture to cause blood clots that block arteries. (eurekalert.org)
  • In years of painstaking research, the NYU Langone-led research team has zeroed in on the molecular events that occur in arteries when regression of atherosclerotic plaques is underway. (eurekalert.org)
  • By surgically transplanting plaques from diseased mice into the arteries of healthy mice, the research team brought about dramatic drops in cholesterol levels. (eurekalert.org)
  • Calcium is a component of the plaques that harden and narrow the coronary arteries in people with heart disease. (reuters.com)
  • Sometimes, plaques burst open and cause the blood cells that form clots (called "platelets") to rush into the artery around the plaque. (healthline.com)
  • The smooth muscles of the arterial walls of these smaller arteries contract or expand to regulate the flow of blood through their lumen. (innerbody.com)
  • The regulation of blood flow also affects blood pressure, as smaller arteries give blood less area to flow through and therefore increases the pressure of the blood on arterial walls. (innerbody.com)
  • Peripheral arterial disease -- Blocked arteries in the legs can cause pain on walking and poor wound healing due to poor circulation. (webmd.com)
  • Interestingly, most heart attacks are not caused by build-up of goo in your arteries, but rather, by inflammation in the arterial walls that suddenly ruptures causing a clot to form. (halfbakery.com)
  • Specifically, those seniors with higher levels of arterial stiffness were 60 percent more likely to develop dementia than those with lower levels, though the study did not prove that stiffer arteries caused dementia. (hon.ch)
  • The investigators also observed a direct correlation between nitrite levels in the blood and the slowing of participants' arterial pulsation velocity, an indication that the supplement did indeed have a biological (artery de-stiffening) effect. (theepochtimes.com)
  • Overall, extracranial carotid artery aneurysm accounts for less than 1 percent of all arterial aneurysms and approximately 4 percent of peripheral artery aneurysms [ 1-3 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • Clinical and radiological predictors of recanalisation and outcome of 40 patients with acute basilar artery occlusion treated with intra-arterial thrombolysis. (medscape.com)
  • Therapy of basilar artery occlusion: a systematic analysis comparing intra-arterial and intravenous thrombolysis. (medscape.com)
  • Arteries may also narrow suddenly as a result of an arterial spasm. (healthcentral.com)
  • According to the Mayo Clinic, clogged arteries in your arms and legs can lead to a condition called peripheral arterial disease (PAD). (livestrong.com)
  • The anatomy of the carotid arteries is illustrated in the figures ( figure 1A-C ). (uptodate.com)
  • As medical knowledge advanced, however, students of anatomy realized that arteries carry blood and only the windpipe and bronchial tubes carry air. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • If questions about the anatomy, such as the coronary artery pattern remain, cardiac catheterization or cardiac MRI may be performed to clarify some of the details of the defect. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
  • The stent is left in place to help keep the artery open. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A balloon attached to the catheter is then inflated to widen the artery and a small metal tube called a stent is often used to help keep the artery open. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A stent or thin piece of mesh is left in position to keep the artery open. (news-medical.net)
  • The disease process in arteries is thought to begin with an injury to the linings and walls of the arteries. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Additional symptoms associated with GCA are carotidynia (carotid artery pain) and the thickening of erythematous, nodular, and tender superficial temporal arteries that may have decreased or absent pulses. (news-medical.net)
  • What are the symptoms of coronary artery disease? (cdc.gov)
  • Except for symptoms on the part of the heart there is no way to make the diagnosis of sclerosis of the coronary arteries . (dictionary.com)
  • About 13 million Americans have active symptoms of coronary artery disease . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Symptoms of a blocked peripheral artery are pain, achiness, or heaviness in your leg that starts or gets worse when you walk. (medlineplus.gov)
  • After having a coronary artery bypass graft, most people will experience a significant improvement in symptoms such as breathlessness and chest pain , and their heart attack risk will be lowered. (www.nhs.uk)
  • According to the American Heart Association, in the early stages of developing blocked neck arteries, there are usually no symptoms at all. (ehow.co.uk)
  • It may not be until your artery is severely blocked or completely blocked that the symptoms or conditions listed below will occur. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Since blocked neck arteries can occur without symptoms, it is important to see your doctor if you believe you are at risk. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Read more about how to identify the symptoms of coronary artery disease here. (healthline.com)
  • Professor of Surgery Bruce Perler discusses causes, symptoms, risk factors and treatment of carotid artery disease and stroke. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Hair loss on your legs and changes in your toenails and color of your legs are also common symptoms of clogged arteries. (livestrong.com)
  • Clogged arteries in your brain can lead to symptoms of a stroke. (livestrong.com)
  • What Are the Symptoms of a Clogged Carotid Artery? (livestrong.com)
  • Common symptoms of coronary artery disease include shortness of breath and angina (pain or a feeling of increased pressure in the chest). (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Leliuk SE, Opolskaia EI, Shlyk EV, Leliuk VG (2010) Methodological approaches to ultrasound assessment of the pathogenesis and hemodynamic significance of steno-occlusive disease of the innominate, carotid, subclavian and vertebral arteries (literature review). (springer.com)
  • Up to 25 years later, the grown-up children underwent ultrasound scans on the large carotid arteries in their necks, to estimate their carotid intima media thickness (IMT). (www.nhs.uk)
  • At follow up, ultrasound measurements were carried out on the participants (who were now adults) to measure the thickness of their carotid artery walls (IMT). (www.nhs.uk)
  • A Cleveland Clinic study found ultrasound evidence that clogged coronary arteries had not gotten worse among 502 patients who were most successful at lowering their CRP levels. (selfgrowth.com)
  • ultrasound ABSTRACT Objective To examine the association between single umbilical artery (SUA) and cardiac defects and to determine whether patients with SUA require specialist fetal echocardiography. (slideshare.net)
  • Had an ultrasound yesterday and the technician spent a long time on the right artery, but a. (medhelp.org)
  • And from what I've been taught (I am an ultrasound tech who scans carotid arteries) diet does play a factor often. (mothering.com)
  • The researchers measaured air pollution near each person's house and performed two ultrasound measurements of the right carotid artery, separated by about three years. (abc.net.au)
  • Arteriosclerosis (from the Greek arteria , meaning artery ) is a general term for hardening of the arteries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • La arteria facial es una arteria que se origina en la arteria carótida externa​ e irriga estructuras de parte superficial de la cara. (dbpedia.org)
  • L'artère faciale ou artère maxillaire externe en ancienne nomenclature (Arteria facialis ou Arteria maxillaris externa en latin) est une artère de la tête issue de l'artère carotide externe. (dbpedia.org)
  • She found two calcified arteries in my neck. (mothering.com)
  • In the neck, if they are showing up on x-ray I would assume they are the Carotid Arteries they are seeing with calcifications? (mothering.com)
  • Ok, I don't mean to scare you but if you're talking about your neck arteries being calcified they could also be narrowed, or stenosed. (mothering.com)
  • They are the arteries on either side of the spine in the neck. (mothering.com)
  • Upon analyzing the results, the research team found that a lifelong history of casual exercise (2-3 times a week) resulted in more youthful middle-sized arteries, which supply oxygenated blood to the head and neck. (psychcentral.com)
  • A blocked artery in the neck is a serious condition that needs to be addressed. (ehow.co.uk)
  • These arteries run from your chest, through your neck and up to the brain. (ehow.co.uk)
  • This is your body's way of warning you that your neck arteries are becoming blocked to a dangerous level. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The researchers, led by Dr Sara Adar from the University of Michigan and Dr Joel Kaufman from the University of Washington , examined how exposure to fine particle pollution affects the carotid arteries -- the arteries that supply the head, neck and brain with oxygenated blood. (abc.net.au)
  • The doctor will make a small incision in an artery in your leg, arm, or neck. (familydoctor.org)
  • Your vascular surgeon makes an incision in the neck and then removes the plaque contained in the inner lining of your carotid artery. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The carotid artery carries blood through the neck to the brain. (empowher.com)
  • stent Summary Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after liver transplantation is an uncommon but potentially lethal complication. (slideshare.net)
  • A stent is a small, metal mesh tube that keeps the artery open. (medlineplus.gov)
  • A metal stent is often placed across the artery wall to keep the artery from narrowing again. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In some cases, a coronary artery bypass graft may need to be repeated or you may need a procedure to widen your arteries using a small balloon and a tube called a stent (coronary angioplasty) . (www.nhs.uk)
  • If you have CAD and plaque build-up in your arteries, your doctor may want to insert a stent. (familydoctor.org)
  • A stent will help hold the artery open so blood can flow. (familydoctor.org)
  • Bare-metal stent: This is a stent made of metal that is placed in the artery to help hold it open. (familydoctor.org)
  • Over time, the artery will heal and tissue will grow over the stent, holding it in place. (familydoctor.org)
  • Coronary artery disease occurs when the coronary arteries become partially blocked or clogged. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Extracranial carotid artery aneurysms are uncommon and occur in a broad range of patients due to many etiologies. (uptodate.com)
  • Working with mice, the Yale-UCL team discovered that in order for VEGF-driven artery formation to occur, VEGF must bind with two molecules known as VEGFR2 and NRP1, and all three must work as a team. (scienceblog.com)
  • How does cerebral artery (PCA) stroke occur? (medscape.com)
  • If narrowing is not extensive, difficulties may occur only during physical exertion, when the narrowed arteries are unable to meet the increased oxygen requirements of the heart. (healthcentral.com)
  • The internal carotid arteries and the vertebral arteries supply blood to the brain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • This site provides information about blood flow through the heart, differences between veins and arteries, and gives the functions of the circulatory system. (merlot.org)
  • In approximately 33% of individuals, the left coronary artery gives rise to the posterior descending artery [4] which perfuses the posterior and inferior walls of the left ventricle . (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] The right marginal arteries perfuse the right ventricle and the posterior descending artery perfuses the left ventricular posterior and inferior walls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arboix A, Arbe G, García-Eroles L, Oliveres M, Parra O, Massons J. Infarctions in the vascular territory of the posterior cerebral artery: clinical features in 232 patients. (medscape.com)
  • Isolated lateral thalamic infarction: the role of posterior cerebral artery disease. (medscape.com)
  • Posterior cerebral artery territory infarcts in the New England Medical Center Posterior Circulation Registry. (medscape.com)
  • Posterior cerebral artery territory infarcts: clinical features, infarct topography, causes and outcome. (medscape.com)
  • Confusional states following posterior cerebral artery infarction. (medscape.com)
  • Capitani E, Laiacona M, Pagani R, Capasso R, Zampetti P, Miceli G. Posterior cerebral artery infarcts and semantic category dissociations: a study of 28 patients. (medscape.com)
  • Characteristics of posterior cerebral artery aneurysms: an angiographic analysis of 93 aneurysms in 81 patients. (medscape.com)
  • Hyperdense basilar artery sign on unenhanced CT predicts thrombus and outcome in acute posterior circulation stroke. (medscape.com)
  • The scan the researchers used looks for tiny deposits of calcium in the walls of the coronary arteries to provide an early clue that this disease process may be occurring. (bbc.co.uk)
  • People who drank a few cups of coffee a day were less likely to have calcium deposits in their coronary arteries than people who drank more than this or no coffee at all. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Plaque is made up of deposits of cholesterol and other substances in the artery. (cdc.gov)
  • As the fat deposits become larger, inflammatory white blood cells called macrophages try to remove the lipid deposition from the wall of the artery. (britannica.com)
  • Fatty deposits can build up inside the arteries and block blood flow. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Dr. Mike Knapton, associate medical director at the British Heart Foundation, said calcified arteries could also be caused by other ailments including endocrine disorders and that it was impossible to tell from the CT scans if the types of calcium deposits in the mummies were the kind that would have sparked a heart attack or stroke. (sify.com)
  • A carotid artery endarterectomy is a surgery to remove the deposits from this artery. (empowher.com)
  • Deposits in arteries result in plaque. (empowher.com)
  • It can cause a stroke if it completely blocks the brain (carotid) arteries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A high IMT can indicate the flow of blood through the carotid arteries to the brain, which can potentially become blocked, triggering a stroke. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This is because emboli are carried up the carotid and tend to be swept into the MCA, sometimes called the "artery of stroke", and are prone to getting stuck at this branch point in the lateral sulcus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stroke or transient ischemic attacks with basilar artery stenosis or occlusion: clinical patterns and outcome. (medscape.com)
  • Increasing evidence implicates diet, exercise, stress and smoking as factors in coronary artery disease, Dr. Ornish said in a telephone interview. (nytimes.com)
  • Various drugs are available that can help to correct and control risk factors in coronary artery disease. (news-medical.net)
  • The fats that clog arteries apparently work in conjunction with air pollution particles to trigger the genes behind inflammation, which leads to increased lesions in the clogged arteries, and the potential for thrombi, and resultant heart attacks or strokes. (motherjones.com)
  • Now we can recommend the Mediterranean diet as a preventive strategy for all disease of the cardiovascular system , including heart attacks, strokes and peripheral artery disease," Steinbaum said. (medicinenet.com)
  • Tainted air Long-term exposure to pollution may speed up hardening of the arteries contributing to heart attacks and strokes, say US researchers. (abc.net.au)
  • Scientific collaborators from Yale School of Medicine and University College London (UCL) have uncovered the molecular pathway by which new arteries may form after heart attacks, strokes and other acute illnesses - bypassing arteries that are blocked. (scienceblog.com)
  • Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Inferior Brain Arteries in minutes with SmartDraw. (smartdraw.com)
  • There are two lateral sacral arteries on each side of the internal iliac artery: these are the superior and inferior arteries. (healthline.com)
  • The inferior lateral sacral artery runs crosswise in front of the piriformis and sacral nerves before descending in front of the sacrum and connects with the middle sacral and superior lateral sacral artery. (healthline.com)
  • When these arteries become damaged, you are diagnosed with carotid artery disease. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Carotid Artery Endarterectomy or Carotid Stenting are used to treat Carotid Artery Disease . (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • What causes coronary artery disease? (cdc.gov)
  • Bilateral Versus Single Internal Mammary Artery Bypass Grafting Do We Have the Answer? (ahajournals.org)
  • A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is a surgical procedure used to treat coronary heart disease. (www.nhs.uk)
  • While many cases of angina can be treated with medication, severe angina may require a coronary artery bypass graft to improve the blood supply to the heart. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A coronary artery bypass graft may be recommended to reduce your chances of having a heart attack. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A coronary artery bypass graft is carried out under general anaesthetic , which means you'll be unconscious during the operation. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Most people will need to stay in hospital for at least 7 days after having a coronary artery bypass graft. (www.nhs.uk)
  • As with all types of surgery, a coronary artery bypass graft carries a risk of complications. (www.nhs.uk)
  • But a coronary artery bypass graft isn't a cure for coronary heart disease. (www.nhs.uk)
  • A coronary angioplasty is the main alternative to a coronary artery bypass graft. (www.nhs.uk)
  • It usually takes less time to recover from a coronary angioplasty than from a coronary artery bypass graft, but there's a higher chance that the procedure will need to be repeated. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The length of time you'll have to wait to have a coronary artery bypass graft will vary from area to area. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Another procedure is coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). (news-medical.net)
  • In addition to diet, exercise, medication therapy and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery there are a number of minimally invasive procedures that can restore blood flow through a blocked coronary artery. (emoryhealthcare.org)
  • Long-term outcome after intravenous thrombolysis of basilar artery occlusion. (medscape.com)
  • Davis SM, Donnan GA. Basilar artery thrombosis: recanalization is the key. (medscape.com)
  • Outcome in patients with basilar artery occlusion treated conventionally. (medscape.com)
  • Cross-sectional imaging for diagnosis and clinical outcome prediction of acute basilar artery thrombosis. (medscape.com)
  • Usefulness of CT Angiography for Therapeutic Decision Making in Thrombolyzing Intubated Patients with Suspected Basilar Artery Thrombosis. (medscape.com)
  • Extent of hypoattenuation on CT angiography source images predicts functional outcome in patients with basilar artery occlusion. (medscape.com)
  • Brain stem diffusion-weighted imaging lesion score: a potential marker of outcome in acute basilar artery occlusion. (medscape.com)
  • Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography in suspected acute basilar artery occlusion. (medscape.com)
  • Intravenous thrombolysis of basilar artery occlusion: thrombus length versus recanalization success. (medscape.com)
  • Kumar G, Shahripour RB, Alexandrov AV. Recanalization of acute basilar artery occlusion improves outcomes: a meta-analysis. (medscape.com)
  • Staged escalation therapy in acute basilar artery occlusion: intravenous thrombolysis and on-demand consecutive endovascular mechanical thrombectomy: preliminary experience in 16 patients. (medscape.com)
  • Endovascular embolectomy of acute basilar artery occlusion. (medscape.com)
  • Just over a year ago my right carotid artery suddenly started looking more like an allied t. (medhelp.org)
  • Increased platelet deposition on atherosclerotic coronary arteries. (jci.org)
  • In atherosclerotic arteries, strongly increased platelet deposition was seen on the connective tissue of specific parts of the atherosclerotic plaque. (jci.org)
  • Maybody M, Uschiskia M, Morton E, Vitek J (2003) Absence of common carotid artery. (springer.com)
  • The extracranial carotid arteries include the common carotid artery, which originates in the chest, the external carotid artery, and the internal carotid artery to the base of the skull. (uptodate.com)
  • Cholesterol and other fatty substances accumulate on the inner wall of the arteries. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Doctors now know that CRP helps measure chronic inflammation and the overall health of your arteries. (menshealth.com)
  • A research team showed that a nanotherapeutic medicine can halt the growth of artery plaque cells resulting in the fast reduction of the inflammation that may cause a heart attack, according to a study led by researchers from Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published April 3 in Science Advances. (prweb.com)
  • Nanotherapeutically inhibiting local macrophage proliferation is possible and we can effectively apply it to treat inflammation inside arteries. (prweb.com)
  • Sometimes these stents are laced with slowly eluting medications to prevent inflammation and re-narrowing of the artery. (news-medical.net)
  • There is also a rare condition known as spontaneous coronary artery dissection , in which the wall of one of the coronary arteries tears, causing severe pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now the new findings suggest the benefit extends to peripheral artery disease as well, said researcher Dr. Miguel Martinez-Gonzalez, a professor at the University of Navarra in Pamplona, Spain. (medicinenet.com)
  • In this study, older adults who maintained a Mediterranean diet were one-half to two-thirds less likely to develop painful peripheral artery disease, compared to those who tried to follow a low-fat regimen. (medicinenet.com)
  • Over five years, 89 participants developed painful peripheral artery disease. (medicinenet.com)
  • In the low-fat group, people developed peripheral artery disease at a rate of almost 0.5 percent per year. (medicinenet.com)
  • There are caveats, according to Martinez-Gonzalez's team -- one being the fairly small number of peripheral artery disease cases in the study. (medicinenet.com)
  • Its origin is at the lateral margin of the first rib, before which it is called the subclavian artery. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • The lateral sacral arteries are among the arteries of the lower back. (healthline.com)
  • These arteries traverse the sacrum's lateral border. (healthline.com)
  • Use these social-bookmarking links to share Air pollution may harden arteries . (abc.net.au)
  • Over time, plaque can thicken and harden inside your arteries, blocking the flow of blood to your heart. (familydoctor.org)
  • When a d-transposition occurs, the blood pathway is impaired because the two arteries are connecting to the wrong chambers in the heart. (heart.org)
  • This vessel or graft is sewn above and below the diseased artery so that blood flows through the new vessel or graft. (bcm.edu)
  • The section of vein or man-made blood vessel graft is sewn onto both the femoral and popliteal arteries so that blood can travel through the new graft vessel and around the narrowed or blocked area. (bcm.edu)
  • When people touch samples of Salubria in its vascular graft (artery replacement) form, they describe it as noodle-like or similar to calamari (squid)," Ku said. (eurekalert.org)
  • The interlobar arteries branch from the lobar arteries which branch from the segmental arteries , from the renal artery . (wikipedia.org)
  • 1996) Value of Doppler parameters in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis. (springer.com)
  • 1995) Technical optimization of spiral CT for depiction of renal artery stenosis: in vitro analysis. (springer.com)
  • 2001) Diagnostic tests for renal artery stenosis in patients suspected of having renovascular hypertension: a meta analysis. (springer.com)
  • 2003) Aortoiliac and renal arteries: prospective intraindividual comparison of contrast-enhanced 3D MR angiography and multi-detector row CT. (springer.com)
  • Fraioli F., Bertoletti L., Nardis P., Catalano C. (2005) Multidetector-Row CT of Renal Arteries. (springer.com)
  • Renal artery stenosis is a condition in which the arteries supplying your kidneys become clogged. (livestrong.com)
  • Therefore, any disorder or disease of the coronary arteries can have a serious impact on health, possibly leading to angina , a heart attack , and even death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Angina can happen when too much plaque builds up inside arteries, causing them to narrow. (cdc.gov)
  • Nitrates can be used to treat angina, a common complication of coronary artery disease. (news-medical.net)
  • As the disease progresses, chest pain (angina pectoris) may develop during periods of physical activity or emotional stress, because the narrowed arteries cannot supply the heart with the increased amount of blood and oxygen necessary at those times. (healthcentral.com)
  • According to the Mayo Clinic, clogged heart arteries can lead to angina (chest pain), because your heart does not receive enough blood flow. (livestrong.com)