A plant species of the genus ARTEMISIA, family ASTERACEAE. It is the source of the antimalarial artemisinin (ANTIMALARIALS).
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE with strong-smelling foliage. It is a source of SANTONIN and other cytotoxic TERPENES.
A group of SESQUITERPENES and their analogs that contain a peroxide group (PEROXIDES) within an oxepin ring (OXEPINS).
A plant species of the genus ARTEMISIA, family ASTERACEAE that has been used in ABSINTHE. The oil contains neurotoxic 1-thujone and d-isothujone.
A plant genus in the CHENOPODIACEAE family.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used in SPICES.
Sesquiterpenes are a class of terpenes consisting of three isoprene units, forming a 15-carbon skeleton, which can be found in various plant essential oils and are known for their diverse chemical structures and biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and cytotoxic properties.
Hair-like extensions on specialized epidermal surfaces of plants which protect against damage from insects, animals, light degradation and fungal infection. Trichomes may also occur on certain unicellular EUKARYOTES.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.

Cloning and functional characterization of a beta-pinene synthase from Artemisia annua that shows a circadian pattern of expression. (1/50)

Artemisia annua plants produce a broad range of volatile compounds, including monoterpenes, which contribute to the characteristic fragrance of this medicinal species. A cDNA clone, QH6, contained an open reading frame encoding a 582-amino acid protein that showed high sequence identity to plant monoterpene synthases. The prokaryotically expressed QH6 fusion protein converted geranyl diphosphate to (-)-beta-pinene and (-)-alpha-pinene in a 94:6 ratio. QH6 was predominantly expressed in juvenile leaves 2 weeks postsprouting. QH6 transcript levels were transiently reduced following mechanical wounding or fungal elicitor treatment, suggesting that this gene is not directly involved in defense reaction induced by either of these treatments. Under a photoperiod of 12 h/12 h (light/dark), the abundance of QH6 transcripts fluctuated in a diurnal pattern that ebbed around 3 h before daybreak (9th h in the dark phase) and peaked after 9 h in light (9th h in the light phase). The contents of (-)-beta-pinene in juvenile leaves and in emitted volatiles also varied in a diurnal rhythm, correlating strongly with mRNA accumulation. When A. annua was entrained by constant light or constant dark conditions, QH6 transcript accumulation continued to fluctuate with circadian rhythms. Under constant light, advanced cycles of fluctuation of QH6 transcript levels were observed, and under constant dark, the cycle was delayed. However, the original diurnal pattern could be regained when the plants were returned to the normal light/dark (12 h/12 h) photoperiod. This is the first report that monoterpene biosynthesis is transcriptionally regulated in a circadian pattern.  (+info)

Pharmacokinetic study of artemisinin after oral intake of a traditional preparation of Artemisia annua L. (annual wormwood). (2/50)

Artemisia annua L. (annual wormwood) contains the antimalarial artemisinin. Aqueous preparations of the dried herb are included in the pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China for treatment of fever and malaria. Fourteen healthy male volunteers received one liter of tea prepared from nine grams of Artemisia annua leaves. Blood samples were taken and artemisinin was detected by reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The mean +/- SD maximum plasma concentration of artemisinin was 240 +/- 75 ng/mL and the mean +/- SD area under the plasma concentration-time curve was 336 +/- 71 ng/mL x hr. Artemisinin was absorbed faster from herbal tea preparations than from oral solid dosage forms, but bioavailability was similar. One liter of an aqueous preparation of nine grams of Artemisia annua contained 94.5 milligrams of artemisinin (approximately 19% of the usually recommended daily dose). Artemisinin plasma concentrations after intake of this herbal tea are sufficient for clinical effects, but insufficient to recommend such preparations as equivalent substitutes for modern artemisinin drugs in malaria therapy.  (+info)

Artemisia annua L. (Asteraceae) trichome-specific cDNAs reveal CYP71AV1, a cytochrome P450 with a key role in the biosynthesis of the antimalarial sesquiterpene lactone artemisinin. (3/50)

Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone endoperoxide derived from the plant Artemisia annua, forms the basis of the most important treatments of malaria in use today. In an effort to elucidate the biosynthesis of artemisinin, an expressed sequence tag approach to identifying the relevant biosynthetic genes was undertaken using isolated glandular trichomes as a source of mRNA. A cDNA clone encoding a cytochrome P450 designated CYP71AV1 was characterized by expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and shown to catalyze the oxidation of the proposed biosynthetic intermediates amorpha-4,11-diene, artemisinic alcohol and artemisinic aldehyde. The identification of the CYP71AV1 gene should allow for the engineering of semi-synthetic production of artemisinin in appropriate plant or microbial hosts.  (+info)

Ensuring sustained ACT production and reliable artemisinin supply. (4/50)

INTRODUCTION: This paper reviews recent trends in the production, supply and price of the active ingredients as well as finished ACT products. Production and cost data provided in this paper are based on an ongoing project (Artepal). Stability data are derived from a development project on rectal artesunate. DISCUSSION: The artemisinin raw material and its derivatives appear to be very stable compared to the finished products. Supply of artemisinin changed in May 2004 when the Global Fund shifted financial support to qualified countries from chloroquine or sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine to an ACT for treatment of malaria. First, there was a sudden shortage of the starting material, and short term scarcity led to a steep rise in API price: it increased dramatically in 2004, from $350 per kg to more than $1000. Second, there was a parallel increase in the number of companies extracting artemisinin from 10 to 80 between 2003 and 2005 in China, and from 3 to 20 in Vietnam. Commercial cultivation began also in East Africa and Madagascar.A steady and predictable demand for the crop can eliminate such wide fluctuations and indirectly contribute to price stability of the herb, the API and ACT. With appropriate mechanisms to reduce those fluctuations, the cost of artemisinin might decrease sustainably to US$ 250-300 per kg. CONCLUSION: Today the global health community is facing the risk of another cyclical swing with lower demand feeding into reduced planting of A. annua and, thereafter, a new shortage of the raw material and higher API prices. International donors, the largest purchasers for ACTs could better coordinate their activities, in order to guarantee purchase of ACTs and consequently of API with manufacturers. In parallel, the base of quality producers of APIs and finished ACT products needs to be broadened.While the ACT programme is still in its early stages, the consequences of another wave of artemisinin and ACT shortages would permanently discredit it and impede any progress in rolling malaria back.  (+info)

The rapid determination of artemisinin by post-column derivatization high-performance liquid chromatography using matrix solid-phase dispersion method. (5/50)

Artemisinin (an antimalaric compound) is isolated as the active compound of the medicinal plant Artemisia annua L. A simple, rapid, and high-efficient method of extraction is developed, in which it is extracted by matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) and directly analyzed by post-column derivatization high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The quantitation results from the MSPD method are compared with two conventional liquid solvent extraction processes, Soxhlet and ultrasonic wave by F-test, and the result indicates no significant difference. The production rate of Artemisinin during wild plant growth (tested over two years, acquired from Yunnan, provincial Yuan Yan country) is determined. The recovery range of determination is 88.1-91.2%. The relative standard deviation (RSD) is 4.55-6.43%. The limits of detection are 0.1 microg/mL, and the limits of quantitation are 0.5 microg/mL.  (+info)

The molecular cloning of artemisinic aldehyde Delta11(13) reductase and its role in glandular trichome-dependent biosynthesis of artemisinin in Artemisia annua. (6/50)

 (+info)

Induction of multiple pleiotropic drug resistance genes in yeast engineered to produce an increased level of anti-malarial drug precursor, artemisinic acid. (7/50)

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Recent advances in artemisinin production through heterologous expression. (8/50)

Artemisinin the sesquiterpene endoperoxide lactone extracted from the herb Artemisia annua, remains the basis for the current preferred treatment against the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. In addition, artemisinin and its derivatives show additional anti-parasite, anti-cancer, and anti-viral properties. Widespread use of this valuable secondary metabolite has been hampered by low production in vivo and high cost of chemical synthesis in vitro. Novel production methods are required to accommodate the ever-growing need for this important drug. Past work has focused on increasing production through traditional breeding approaches, with limited success, and on engineering cultured plants for high production in bioreactors. New research is focusing on heterologous expression systems for this unique biochemical pathway. Recently discovered genes, including a cytochrome P450 and its associated reductase, have been shown to catalyze multiple steps in the biochemical pathway leading to artemisinin. This has the potential to make a semi-synthetic approach to production both possible and cost effective. Artemisinin precursor production in engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae is about two orders of magnitude higher than from field-grown A. annua. Efforts to increase flux through engineered pathways are on-going in both E. coli and S. cerevisiae through combinations of engineering precursor pathways and downstream optimization of gene expression. This review will compare older approaches to overproduction of this important drug, and then focus on the results from the newer approaches using heterologous expression systems and how they might meet the demands for treating malaria and other diseases.  (+info)

Artemisia annua, also known as sweet wormwood or annual mugwort, is a plant species in the daisy family (Asteraceae). It is native to temperate Asia but has been naturalized in many parts of the world. The plant can grow up to 2 meters tall and has narrow, aromatic leaves with small yellow or white flowers.

Artemisia annua has been used in traditional medicine for centuries, particularly in China where it is known as Qing Hao. It contains a compound called artemisinin, which has been found to have antimalarial properties. Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are now widely used as first-line treatments for malaria caused by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite.

It is important to note that while artemisinin has been shown to be effective in treating malaria, it should only be taken under the supervision of a healthcare professional, as improper use can lead to drug resistance and other adverse effects. Additionally, Artemisia annua should not be used as a substitute for proven malarial treatments recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Artemisia is a genus of plants in the Asteraceae family, also known as the daisy family. It includes several species that are commonly known as mugworts, wormwoods, and sagebrushes. Some Artemisia species have been used in traditional medicine for their medicinal properties. For example, Artemisia annua, or sweet wormwood, contains artemisinin, a compound that has been found to be effective against the malaria parasite. However, it's important to note that some Artemisia species can be toxic and should only be used under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional.

Artemisinins are a class of antimalarial drugs derived from the sweet wormwood plant (Artemisia annua). They are highly effective against Plasmodium falciparum, the most deadly species of malaria parasite. Artemisinins have become an essential component in the treatment of malaria and are often used in combination therapy regimens to reduce the risk of drug resistance.

The artemisinin compounds contain a unique peroxide bridge that is responsible for their antimalarial activity. They work by generating free radicals that can damage the parasite's membranes, leading to its rapid death. Artemisinins have a fast action and can significantly reduce the parasite biomass in the first few days of treatment.

Some commonly used artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) include:

* Artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem)
* Artesunate-amodiaquine (Coarsucam)
* Artesunate-mefloquine (Artequin)
* Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (Eurartesim, Duo-Cotecxin)

Artemisinins have also shown potential in treating other conditions, such as certain types of cancer and viral infections. However, more research is needed to establish their safety and efficacy for these indications.

Artemisia absinthium, also known as wormwood, is a species of plant in the daisy family (Asteraceae). It is native to temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. The plant has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries, including as a treatment for intestinal worms, fevers, and various other ailments.

Wormwood contains a number of active compounds, including thujone, which is believed to be responsible for its bitter taste and some of its medicinal properties. However, thujone can also be toxic in large amounts, and wormwood has been associated with a number of adverse health effects, particularly when it is used as an ingredient in alcoholic beverages, such as absinthe.

In addition to its use in medicine, wormwood has also been used as a flavoring agent in food and drink, as a source of natural pesticides, and as a component of traditional herbal remedies. It is important to note that the use of wormwood and other Artemisia species should be undertaken with caution, as they can have both therapeutic and toxic effects depending on the dose and the individual's health status.

Chenopodium is a genus of plants in the amaranth family (Amaranthaceae). It includes several species that are commonly known as goosefoots or lamb's quarters. These plants are native to various parts of the world and can be found growing wild in many regions. Some species of Chenopodium are cultivated as crops, particularly for their leaves and seeds which are used as vegetables and grains.

The term "Chenopodium" is not typically used in medical contexts, but some species of this genus have been used in traditional medicine. For example, Chenopodium ambrosioides (also known as wormseed) has been used to treat intestinal parasites and other ailments. However, it is important to note that the use of herbal remedies can carry risks, and they should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment without consulting a healthcare professional.

"Foeniculum" is the genus name for a plant species that includes fennel. In a medical context, fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is known for its seeds and essential oil, which have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes such as improving digestion, reducing bloating, and alleviating menstrual discomfort. The seeds and oil contain several compounds with potential therapeutic effects, including anethole, fenchone, and estragole. However, it's important to note that the use of fennel in modern medicine is not well-studied, and more research is needed to establish its safety and efficacy.

Sesquiterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of three isoprene units, hence the name "sesqui-" meaning "one and a half" in Latin. They are composed of 15 carbon atoms and have a wide range of chemical structures and biological activities. Sesquiterpenes can be found in various plants, fungi, and insects, and they play important roles in the defense mechanisms of these organisms. Some sesquiterpenes are also used in traditional medicine and have been studied for their potential therapeutic benefits.

Trichomes are specialized structures found on the epidermis of plants, including cannabis. They appear as tiny hair-like growths and are responsible for producing and storing various compounds such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. These compounds contribute to the plant's medicinal properties and the "entourage effect" that enhances the therapeutic benefits of cannabis. Trichomes also play a role in protecting the plant from environmental stressors like UV radiation, pests, and pathogens.

Antimalarials are a class of drugs that are used for the prevention, treatment, and elimination of malaria. They work by targeting the malaria parasite at various stages of its life cycle, particularly the erythrocytic stage when it infects red blood cells. Some commonly prescribed antimalarials include chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, quinine, mefloquine, and artemisinin-based combinations. These drugs can be used alone or in combination with other antimalarial agents to increase their efficacy and prevent the development of drug resistance. Antimalarials are also being investigated for their potential use in treating other diseases, such as autoimmune disorders and cancer.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Plant leaves" are not a medical term, but rather a general biological term referring to a specific organ found in plants.

Leaves are organs that are typically flat and broad, and they are the primary site of photosynthesis in most plants. They are usually green due to the presence of chlorophyll, which is essential for capturing sunlight and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis.

While leaves do not have a direct medical definition, understanding their structure and function can be important in various medical fields, such as pharmacognosy (the study of medicinal plants) or environmental health. For example, certain plant leaves may contain bioactive compounds that have therapeutic potential, while others may produce allergens or toxins that can impact human health.

Euphorbiaceae is not a medical term, but a taxonomic category in botany. It refers to the spurge family, which is a large family of flowering plants that includes around 300 genera and 7,500 species. Some members of this family have medicinal uses, but others are toxic or invasive. Therefore, it is important to use caution when handling or consuming any plant material from this family.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Artemisia annua. Distribution of artemisinin in Artemisia annua Project to improve ... Assenzio annuale Artemisia annua L.[permanent dead link] "Sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua L.)". Drugs.com. 23 March 2020. ... Dry leaf yields of Artemisia annua plantations vary between 0.5 and 3 tonnes per hectare. In terms of the climate A. annua ... armoise annuelle Artemisia annua Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 847. 1753. Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 691 黄花蒿 huang hua hao Artemisia ...
Artemisia annua - a common herb found in many parts of the world. In 1967, a plant screening research program, under a secret ... "Chemical constituents from Artemisia annua". China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica. 2014. doi:10.4268/cjcmm20142423. Lévesque ... In the course of this research in 1972, Tu Youyou discovered artemisinin in the leaves of Artemisia annua. Named qinghaosu ( ... Artemisinin is extracted from the plant Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood) a herb employed in Chinese traditional medicine. A ...
Rishu "Plants & Fungi: Artemisia annua". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 24 August 2013. Harper 1998, p. 272. Hsu 2006, p ...
ISBN 978-0-521-41441-8. Ferreira, Jorge; Janick, Jules (2009). "Data sheet about Artemisia annua" (PDF). Purdue University. ...
Aleutian wormwood Artemisia amoena Poljakov Artemisia annua L. - annual wormwood, sweet sagewort, sweet Annie Artemisia araxina ... Artemisia tridentata Artemisia cana Artemisia nova Artemisia rigida Artemisia arbuscula Artemisia longiloba Artemisia ... Artemisia deserti Krasch. Artemisia desertorum Spreng. Artemisia diffusa Krasch. ex Poljakov Artemisia dimoana Popov Artemisia ... Artemisia montana (Nakai) Pamp. Artemisia mucronulata Poljakov Artemisia nakaii Pamp. Artemisia namanganica Poljakov Artemisia ...
"Using Artemisia annua L. tea to fight malaria" (PDF). November 13, 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-13. van ... It is derived from the plant Artemisia annua, with the first documentation as a successful therapeutic agent in the treatment ...
Another early candidate was huanghuahao (sweet wormwood or Artemisia annua). These two plants became a huge success in modern ... The Handbook of Prescriptions for Emergencies) described Artemisia annua extract, called qinghao, as a treatment of malarial ... and Anti-cancer Properties of Artemisia Annua". Electronic Physician. 8 (10): 3150-3155. doi:10.19082/3150. PMC 5133043. PMID ...
Sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua, Qing Hao) is believed under TCM to treat fever, headache, dizziness, stopping bleeding, and ... Ferreira JF, Janick J (1995). "Floral Morphology of Artemisia annua with Special Reference to Trichomes". Int. J. Plant Sci. ... 2004). "Randomized controlled trial of a traditional preparation of Artemisia annua L. (Annual Wormwood) in the treatment of ... 1 February 2004). "Pharmacokinetic study of artemisinin after oral intake of a traditional preparation of Artemisia annua L. ( ...
Hua L, Matsuda SP (September 1999). "The molecular cloning of 8-epicedrol synthase from Artemisia annua". Archives of ... a sesquiterpene cyclase from Artemisia annua L". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 369 (2): 213-22. doi:10.1006/abbi. ...
... is a flavanone found in Blumea balsamifera, and has been reported to be present in Artemisia annua. Blumeatin has the ... "Studies on flavonoids and their antioxidant activities of Artemisia annua". Zhong Yao Cai. 32 (11): 1683-1686. PMID 20218288. ( ...
"A cDNA clone for β-caryophyllene synthase from Artemisia annua". Phytochemistry. 61 (5): 523-9. doi:10.1016/s0031-9422(02)00265 ...
Such as the antimalarial artemisinin which is synthesised from Artemisia annua. The density of this product also increases with ...
ADS is expressed 16-fold higher in the leaves than in roots of the Artemisia annua plant and 10-fold higher than in the stems ... Liu B, Wang H, Du Z, Li G, Ye H (2011). "Metabolic engineering of artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua L". Plant Cell ... Under normal conditions, ADS is expressed at low levels in Artemisia annua; however, when exposed to cold, heat shock, or UV ... One of the synthetic genes in this procedure is ADS from Artemisia annua. The semi-synthetic production of artemisinin by ...
Artemisinins are sesquiterpene lactones isolated from Artemisia annua, a Chinese traditional medicine. These suppositories are ...
Found in Artemisia annua, the flavonoid has been shown to enhance the antimalarial activity of artemisinin though casticin ... Liu KC; Yang SL; Roberts MF; Elford BC; Phillipson JD (1992). "Antimalarial activity of Artemisia annua flavonoids from whole ...
Tu Youyou discovered artemisinin in the 1970s from sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua). This drug became known to Western ...
Around 168 BC, the herbal remedy Qing-hao (青蒿) (Artemisia annua) came into use in China to treat female hemorrhoids (Wushi'er ... Qinghaosu, later named artemisinin, was cold-extracted in a neutral milieu (pH 7.0) from the dried leaves of Artemisia annua. ... An extract from qinghao (Artemisia annua) was effective, but the results were variable. Tu reviewed the literature, including ... His recommendation was to soak fresh plants of the artemisia herb in cold water, wring them out, and ingest the expressed ...
nov., isolated from Artemisia annua L.". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 62 (Pt 7): 1576-80 ... nov., isolated from Artemisia annua L.". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 62 (Pt 7): 1576-80 ... is a Gram-negative bacteria from the genus of Sphingomonas which has been isolated from the root of the plant Artemisia annua ...
... β-farnesene synthase from Artemisia annua". Phytochemistry. 66 (9): 961-7. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.03.027. PMID 15896363. ...
Jia JW, Crock J, Lu S, Croteau R, Chen XY (1999). "(3R)-Linalool synthase from Artemisia annua L.: cDNA isolation, ...
elatius (I) Artemisia absinthium (I) Artemisia annua (I) Artemisia biennis (N) Artemisia biennis var. biennis (I) Artemisia ... ludoviciana (N) Artemisia pontica (I) Artemisia stelleriana (I) Artemisia stelleriana (N) Artemisia vulgaris (N) Artemisia ... borealis (N) Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (N) Artemisia gmelinii (I) Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. albula (N) Artemisia ... Iva annua var. annua (N) Jacquemontia tamnifolia (N) Jeffersonia diphylla (N) Juglans cinerea (N) Juglans nigra (N) Juncus ...
The medicinal value of Artemisia annua has been used by Chinese herbalists in traditional Chinese medicines for 2,000 years. In ... van der Kooy F, Sullivan SE (2013). "The complexity of medicinal plants: the traditional Artemisia annua formulation, current ... WHO monograph on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for Artemisia annua L. (PDF). World Health Organization. ... discovered by Chinese scientist Tu Youyou and colleagues in the 1970s from the plant Artemisia annua, became the recommended ...
... which is a processed extract of Artemisia annua, a herb traditionally used as a fever treatment. Artemisia annua has been used ... A 2013 review suggested that although the antimalarial herb Artemisia annua may not cause hepatotoxicity, haematotoxicity, or ... "A safety assessment of the antimalarial herb Artemisia annua during pregnancy in Wistar rats". Phytotherapy Research. 27 (5): ...
nov., isolated from surface-sterilized Artemisia annua L." International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. ... artemisiae is a bacterium from the genus of Pseudonocardia which has been isolated from the roots of the plant Artemisia annua ...
... and Endophyte of Artemisia annua". Journal of Natural Products. 1. 70 (1): 114-117. doi:10.1021/np0604127. PMID 17253861. ( ...
One compound was effective, sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua), which was used for "intermittent fevers," a hallmark of malaria. ... ISBN 978-7-5046-6996-4. Tu, Y. (2017). From Artemisia annua L. to Artemisinins: The Discovery and Development of Artemisinins ... Artemisia annua L). Weise, Elizabeth (12 September 2011). "'America's Nobel' awarded to Chinese scientist". USA Today. ...
It could be confused with Artemisia annua, however A. annua smells and A. biennis doesn't. The seeds have been eaten, though ... "Artemisia biennis (biennial wormwood): Go Botany". gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org. Retrieved 2023-08-19. "Artemisia biennis ( ... Artemisia biennis is a species of sagebrush known by the common name biennial wormwood. It is a common and widely distributed ... "Artemisia biennis Biennial Wormwood PFAF Plant Database". pfaf.org. Retrieved 2023-08-19. Kegode, G., et al. (2007). Biology ...
Characterisation and genetic mapping of traits responsible for production of artemisinin in Artemisia annua has enabled ... "The Genetic Map of Artemisia annua L. Identifies Loci Affecting Yield of the Antimalarial Drug Artemisinin". Science. 327 (5963 ...
H+ This enzyme i present in Artemisia annua. Bertea CM, Freije JR, van der Woude H, Verstappen FW, Perk L, Marquez V, De Kraker ... reductase and its role in glandular trichome-dependent biosynthesis of artemisinin in Artemisia annua". The Journal of ... "Identification of intermediates and enzymes involved in the early steps of artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua". Planta ...
Another critical aspect of Keasling's work was discovering the chemistry and enzymes in Artemisia annua responsible for ... The microorganisms were engineered with a ten-enzyme biosynthetic pathway using genes from Artemisia annua, Saccharomyces ... Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone endoperoxide, extracted from Artemisia annua L is highly effective against Plasmodium spp ... Second, artemisinin is extracted from A. annua, and its yield and consistency depend on climate and the extraction process. ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Artemisia annua. Distribution of artemisinin in Artemisia annua Project to improve ... Assenzio annuale Artemisia annua L.[permanent dead link] "Sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua L.)". Drugs.com. 23 March 2020. ... Dry leaf yields of Artemisia annua plantations vary between 0.5 and 3 tonnes per hectare. In terms of the climate A. annua ... armoise annuelle Artemisia annua Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 847. 1753. Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 691 黄花蒿 huang hua hao Artemisia ...
Es la hora, de cortarla, secarla y guardarla como un Tesoro, con el que vencer la Bestia que han soltado.
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Artemisia annua L. Scoparone is an important bioactive constituent of Artemisia annua L. (Yinchenhao). In TCM it is used for ...
... annual wormwood Artemisia annua, also known as sweet wormwood, sweet annie, sweet sagewort, annual mugwort or annual wormwood ... Artemisia annua ,sweet wormwood, sweet annie, sweet sagewort , ... Artemisia annua, also known as sweet wormwood, sweet annie, ... 2000 Artemisia annua Seeds ,sweet wormwood Seeds , sweet annie Seeds , sweet sagewort Seeds, annual wormwood ... 2000 Artemisia annua Seeds ,sweet wormwood Seeds , sweet annie Seeds , sweet sagewort Seeds, annual wormwood by Seeds And ...
J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in ...
Eine Ethnographie der Heilpflanze Artemisia annua in Tansania. Frankfurt, New York: Campus. 433 S. ...
Randomized controlled trial of a traditional preparation of Artemisia annua L. (Annual Wormwood) in the treatment of malaria. ... Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) is an herb used in the alcoholic drinks vermouth and absinthe. Its oil contains the chemical ... Topical effects of Artemisia Absinthium ointment and liniment in comparison with piroxicam gel in patients with knee joint ... Omer, B., Krebs, S., Omer, H., and Noor, T. O. Steroid-sparing effect of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) in Crohns disease: a ...
Artemisinin is an antimalarial lactone derived from qing hao (Artemisia annua or sweet wormwood). The medicinal value of this ... The genus name is derived from the Greek goddess Artemis and, more specifically, may have been named after Queen Artemisia II ... Artemisia II. Encyclopaedia Britannica Online [cited 2014 Apr 17]. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/36829/Artemisia-II ...
Phytochemical Analysis and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Different Ethanolic Phyto-Extracts of Artemisia annua L. Biomolecules ...
Artemisia annua. (sweet wormwood). This plant has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine to cure fevers. ...
Artemisia annua). Intravenous artesunate is the only injectable medication available in the US for severe malaria. Read more. ...
Artemisia annua SWEET WORMWOOD (50 seeds) SWEET WORMWOOD - ANNUAL MUGWORT seeds 3,95 € 4,95 € ...
2015 Aug 1;286(3):151-8; Flavonoids casticin and chrysosplenol D from Artemisia annua L. inhibit inflammation in vitro and in ...
Artemisinin, which is found in the leaves of Artemisia annua, is a component of therapies for malaria that generally are ...
Artemisinin is a lactonic sesquiterpenoid compound originally isolated from Artemisia annua L and has been used to treat ...
Tus research in traditional Chinese medicine led her to identify an extract from the plant Artemisia annua as a treatment for ...
Artemisia annua (Sweet wormwood) - ONLY in 30s. NO Polysorbate 80 Powerful and comprehensive anti-inflammatory formula with ...
Mr James said the chemical composition of Arthrems active ingredient, Artemisia annua (or sweet wormwood) extract, wasnt ...
Results found the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of the botanicals Artemisia annua​, Juglans nigra​, and Uncaria ...
Artemisinin, lactone with antimalarial properties, was isolated from Artemisia annua L. The source of morphine was Papaver ...
Sweet Annie highly dosed 4:1 dry extract , ARTEMISIA ANNUAWeight: 10 g €27.62 Weight. 10 g. 20 g. 50 g. 250 g. Shipment within ... Sweet Annie organic (Novel Food) mother tincture drops or spray , ARTEMISIA ANNUA RTMARTE45 ... Artemisia Annua for the treatment of cancer in dogs or horses.. Ecological and Sustainable. It is very important to us that ...
Artemisia absinthium L., Artemisia annua L., Artemisia dracunculus L., Artemisia frigida Willd., Artemisia leucodes Schrenk, ... Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit., Artemisia sieversiana Ehrh. ex Willd., Artemisia vulgaris L., Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. - ...
Nutrição mineral, produção e concentração de artemisinina em Artemisia annua L. / not available. Figueira, Glyn Mara 08 May ... A Artemisia annua utilizada a mais de 15 séculos pelos chineses, possui uma substância denominada artemisinina com atividade ...
  • An extract of A. annua, called artemisinin (or artesunate), is a medication used to treat malaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artemisinin is an antimalarial lactone derived from qing hao ( Artemisia annua or sweet wormwood). (cdc.gov)
  • Artemisinin and its derivatives, artemether and artesunate, are plant-derived compounds extracted from Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood). (ispub.com)
  • Artemisia annua, artemisinin, ACTs & malaria control in Africa : tradition, science and public policy / Dana G. Dalrymple. (who.int)
  • Artemisia annua, artemisinin, ACTs and malaria control in Africa. (who.int)
  • In 1972 scientists in China discovered the antimalarial properties of a group of sesquiterpene lactone peroxides derived from the qinghao plant ( Artemisia annua ). (open.ac.uk)
  • Tu's research in traditional Chinese medicine led her to identify an extract from the plant Artemisia annua as a treatment for malaria. (biopharminternational.com)
  • Mr James said the chemical composition of Arthrem's active ingredient, Artemisia annua (or sweet wormwood) extract, wasn't disclosed and other products containing the ingredient could have similar effects. (consumer.org.nz)
  • Special veterinary clinics use our exclusive products for research purposes: e.B. Cistus Incanus extract for the cure of HIV in cats, Artemisia Annua for the treatment of cancer in dogs or horses. (revitalconcept.com)
  • Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) is an herb used in the alcoholic drinks vermouth and absinthe. (webmd.com)
  • Artemisia annua belongs to the plant family of Asteraceae and is an annual short-day plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paired with the relatively low demand on the environment Artemisia annua can have characteristics of a neophytic plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • The growing period of Artemisia annua from seeding through to harvest is 190-240 days, depending on the climate and altitude of the production area. (wikipedia.org)
  • J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. (thegoodscentscompany.com)
  • A wonder-plant Artemisia Annua (sweet wormwood) Can Cure Any Corona Virus, Malaria and Dengue Fever? (qvive.in)
  • After research, I came across Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood plant), a wonder-plant that has unique properties and antioxidants that boost and stabilizes the body's immune system to fight against viral infections including the much dreaded COVID-19 infection, according to Science Direct. (qvive.in)
  • Research is increasingly showing that the herb sometimes called Wormwood (Artemisia annua) inhibits malaria parasites. (qvive.in)
  • Artemisinin is derived from the common plant, Qinghao , the Chinese name for Artemisia annua L. , also known as sweet wormwood. (nih.gov)
  • Artesunate is in the class of medications known as artemisinins, which are derivatives from 'quing hao,' or sweet wormwood plant ( Artemisia annua ). (cdc.gov)
  • A team from the University of York and the University of Reading report on an analysis of production of the malaria-combating compound artemisinin by the sweet wormwood plant Artemisia annua . (genomeweb.com)
  • Proprietary Blend+: Black Walnut Hulls‚ Hericium (mushroom)‚ red clover (herb)‚ wormwood (herb)‚ olive lead‚ American ginseng (root)‚ artemisia annua (herb)‚ clove‚ grapefruit seed extract. (pureformulas.com)
  • Artemisia Combination [Intestinal] combines all the herbal components of NSP s former Elecampane Combination with two species of artemisia wormwood (Artemisia annua) and mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris). (healthchemist.co.nz)
  • Wormwood Herb (Artemisia absinthium). (healthchemist.co.nz)
  • Abstract: Artemisia annua L. is a medicinal plant used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for >2000 years to treat a variety of conditions. (nih.gov)
  • The efficacy of tea made from A. annua in the treatment of malaria is contentious. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Other researchers have claimed that Artemisia annua contains a cocktail of anti-malarial substances, and insist that clinical trials be conducted to demonstrate scientifically that artemisia tea is effective in treating malaria. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • The drink, which has been called Covid- Organics, is derived from artemisia - a plant with proven efficacy in malaria treatment - and other indigenous herbs, according to the IMRA. (qvive.in)
  • Eventually she found that an extract from the plant Artemisia annua was successful in treating Malaria. (qvive.in)
  • JUGLANS REGIA POLLEN (walnut english pollen) injection, solution AMARANTHUS TUBERCULATUS POLLEN (water hemp) injection, solution TRITICUM AESTIVUM POLLEN (wheat pollen) injection, solution SALIX NIGRA POLLEN (willow black) injection, solution ARTEMISIA ANNUA POLLEN (wormwood common annual) injection, solution [ALK-Abello, Inc. (nih.gov)
  • Artemisia and Clove™ is an expertly crafted solution for eliminating disruptive organisms to promote a well-balanced gastrointestinal system. (pureformulas.com)
  • Artemisia is a large, diverse genus of plants with between 200 to 400 species belonging to the daisy family Asteraceae. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Especie de plantas del género ARTEMISIA, familia ASTERACEAE. (bvsalud.org)
  • Our goal was to measure the activity of A. annua and A. afra extracts against Mtb as potential natural and inexpensive therapies for TB treatment, or as sources of compounds that could be further developed into effective treatments. (nih.gov)
  • AN and dried leaf A. annua (DLA) are currently marketed in the US as dietary supplements by both Swanson and Nutricology. (nih.gov)
  • For those seeking balance and harmony, Artemisia & Clove™ is the perfect herbal supplement. (pureformulas.com)