An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.
The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.
A characteristic symptom complex.
Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.
Application of allergens to the nasal mucosa. Interpretation includes observation of nasal symptoms, rhinoscopy, and rhinomanometry. Nasal provocation tests are used in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity, including RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
A pro-apoptotic protein and member of the Bcl-2 protein family that is regulated by PHOSPHORYLATION. Unphosphorylated Bad protein inhibits the activity of BCL-XL PROTEIN.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.
The climax of sexual excitement in either humans or animals.
An erectile structure homologous with the penis, situated beneath the anterior labial commissure, partially hidden between the anterior ends of the labia minora.
Literary or artistic items having an erotic theme. It refers especially to books treating sexual love in a sensuous or voluptuous manner. (Webster, 3d ed)
The psychic drive or energy associated with sexual instinct in the broad sense (pleasure and love-object seeking). It may also connote the psychic energy associated with instincts in general that motivate behavior.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Plethysmographic determination in which the intensity of light reflected from the skin surface and the red cells below is measured to determine the blood volume of the respective area. There are two types, transmission and reflectance.
The region of the cerebral cortex that receives the auditory radiation from the MEDIAL GENICULATE BODY.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Conditions which affect the structure or function of the pupil of the eye, including disorders of innervation to the pupillary constrictor or dilator muscles, and disorders of pupillary reflexes.
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.
Sweat-producing structures that are embedded in the DERMIS. Each gland consists of a single tube, a coiled body, and a superficial duct.
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.
Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.
The fluid excreted by the SWEAT GLANDS. It consists of water containing sodium chloride, phosphate, urea, ammonia, and other waste products.
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
A subfamily of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS that bind the neurotransmitter DOPAMINE and modulate its effects. D2-class receptor genes contain INTRONS, and the receptors inhibit ADENYLYL CYCLASES.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
In animals, the social relationship established between a male and female for reproduction. It may include raising of young.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
A family of long-tailed terrestrial omnivores including RACCOONS, ringtails, and coatimundis.

Effect of psychotropic drugs on caudate spindle in cats. (1/2081)

To ascertain whether neuroleptics act on the caudate nucleus itself, the effects of these compounds as well as other centrally acting drugs were examined in relation to caudate spindle and EEG arousal responses (sciatic nerve stimulation) in gallamine-immobilized cats. Haloperidol and chlorpromazine enhanced the caudate spindle at a dose which had no effect on the EEG arousal response. On the other hand, clozapine and a higher dose of chlorpromazine enhanced the caudate spindle, but depressed the arousal response. High frequency stimulation of the sciatic nerve suppressed the caudate spindle. Pentobarbital, biperiden and diazepam, while depressing the arousal response, caused an enhancement of the caudate spindle. Imipramine at a low dose had no effect on either response, whereas at a high dose this drug enhanced the caudate spindle with concomitant depression of the arousal response. From these results, it may be concluded that the enhancing action on the caudate spindle induced by haloperidol and a low dose of chlorpromazine is due to an increase in susceptibility of the caudate nucleus itself. In addition, it is suggested that depression of the activating system is involved in an appearance of the caudate spindle.  (+info)

Arousal from sleep shortens sympathetic burst latency in humans. (2/2081)

1. Bursts of sympathetic activity in muscle nerves are phase-locked to the cardiac cycle by the sinoaortic baroreflexes. Acoustic arousal from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep reduces the normally invariant interval between the R-wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the peak of the corresponding sympathetic burst; however, the effects of other forms of sleep disruption (i.e. spontaneous arousals and apnoea-induced arousals) on this temporal relationship are unknown. 2. We simultaneously recorded muscle sympathetic nerve activity in the peroneal nerve (intraneural electrodes) and the ECG (surface electrodes) in seven healthy humans and three patients with sleep apnoea syndrome during NREM sleep. 3. In seven subjects, burst latencies were shortened subsequent to spontaneous K complexes (1.297 +/- 0.024 s, mean +/- s. e.m.) and spontaneous arousals (1.268 +/- 0.044 s) compared with latencies during periods of stable NREM sleep (1.369 +/- 0.023 s). In six subjects who demonstrated spontaneous apnoeas during sleep, apnoea per se did not alter burst latency relative to sleep with stable electroencephalogram (EEG) and breathing (1.313 +/- 0.038 vs. 1.342 +/- 0.026 s); however, following apnoea-induced EEG perturbations, burst latencies were reduced (1.214 +/- 0.034 s). 4. Arousal-induced reduction in sympathetic burst latency may reflect a temporary diminution of baroreflex buffering of sympathetic outflow. If so, the magnitude of arterial pressure perturbations during sleep (e.g. those caused by sleep disordered breathing and periodic leg movements) may be augmented by arousal.  (+info)

The vigilance promoting drug modafinil increases extracellular glutamate levels in the medial preoptic area and the posterior hypothalamus of the conscious rat: prevention by local GABAA receptor blockade. (3/2081)

The effects of modafinil on glutamatergic and GABAergic transmission in the rat medial preoptic area (MPA) and posterior hypothalamus (PH), are analysed. Modafinil (30-300 mg/kg) increased glutamate and decreased GABA levels in the MPA and PH. Local perfusion with the GABAA agonist muscimol (10 microM), reduced, while the GABAA antagonist bicuculline (1 microM and 10 microM) increased glutamate levels. The modafinil (100 mg/kg)-induced increase of glutamate levels was antagonized by local perfusion with bicuculline (1 microM). When glutamate levels were increased by the local perfusion with the glutamate uptake inhibitor L-trans-PDC (0.5 mM), modafinil produced an additional enhancement of glutamate levels. Modafinil (1-33 microM) failed to affect [3H]glutamate uptake in hypothalamic synaptosomes and slices. These findings show that modafinil increases glutamate and decreases GABA levels in MPA and PH. The evidence that bicuculline counteracts the modafinil-induced increase of glutamate levels strengthens the evidence for an inhibitory GABA/glutamate interaction in the above regions controlling the sleep-wakefulness cycle.  (+info)

Time course of sleep inertia dissipation in human performance and alertness. (4/2081)

Alertness and performance on a wide variety of tasks are impaired immediately upon waking from sleep due to sleep inertia, which has been found to dissipate in an asymptotic manner following waketime. It has been suggested that behavioural or environmental factors, as well as sleep stage at awakening, may affect the severity of sleep inertia. In order to determine the time course of sleep inertia dissipation under normal entrained conditions, subjective alertness and cognitive throughput were measured during the first 4 h after habitual waketime from a full 8-h sleep episode on 3 consecutive days. We investigated whether this time course was affected by either sleep stage at awakening or behavioural/environmental factors. Sleep inertia dissipated in an asymptotic manner and took 2-4 h to near the asymptote. Saturating exponential functions fitted the sleep inertia data well, with time constants of 0.67 h for subjective alertness and 1.17 h for cognitive performance. Most awakenings occurred out of stage rapid eye movement (REM), 2 or 1 sleep, and no effect of sleep stage at awakening on either the severity of sleep inertia or the time course of its dissipation could be detected. Subjective alertness and cognitive throughput were significantly impaired upon awakening regardless of whether subjects got out of bed, ate breakfast, showered and were exposed to ordinary indoor room light (approximately 150 lux) or whether subjects participated in a constant routine (CR) protocol in which they remained in bed, ate small hourly snacks and were exposed to very dim light (10-15 lux). These findings allow for the refinement of models of alertness and performance, and have important implications for the scheduling of work immediately upon awakening in many occupational settings.  (+info)

Fentanyl and morphine, but not remifentanil, inhibit acetylcholine release in pontine regions modulating arousal. (5/2081)

BACKGROUND: Opioids inhibit the rapid eye movement (REM) phase of sleep and decrease acetylcholine (ACh) release in medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) regions contributing to REM sleep generation. It is not known whether opioids decrease ACh release by acting on cholinergic cell bodies or on cholinergic axon terminals. This study used in vivo microdialysis to test the hypothesis that opioids decrease ACh levels at cholinergic neurons in the laterodorsal tegmental nuclei (LDT) and LDT axon terminals in the mPRF. METHODS: Nine male cats were anesthetized with halothane, and ACh levels within the mPRF or LDT were assayed using microdialysis and high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). ACh levels were analyzed in response to dialysis of the mPRF and LDT with Ringer's solution (control), followed by dialysis with Ringer's solution containing morphine sulfate (MSO4) or naloxone. ACh in the mPRF also was measured during either dialysis delivery or intravenous infusion of remifentanil and during dialysis delivery of fentanyl. RESULTS: Compared with dialysis of Ringer's solution, microdialysis with MSO4 decreased ACh by 23% in the mPRF and by 30% in the LDT. This significant decrease in ACh was antagonized by naloxone. MSO4 and fentanyl each caused a dose-dependent decrease in mPRF ACh when delivered by dialysis. Remifentanil delivered by continuous intravenous infusion or by dialysis into the mPRF did not alter mPRF ACh. CONCLUSIONS: Morphine inhibits ACh at the cholinergic cell body region (LDT) and the terminal field in the mPRF. ACh in the mPRF was not altered by remifentanil and was significantly decreased by fentanyl. Thus, MSO4 and fentanyl disrupt cholinergic neurotransmission in the LDT-mPRF network known to modulate REM sleep and cortical electroencephalographic activation. These data are consistent with the possibility that inhibition of pontine cholinergic neurotransmission contributes to arousal state disruption by opioids.  (+info)

Cognitive functioning in people with epilepsy plus severe learning disabilities: a systematic analysis of predictors of daytime arousal and attention. (6/2081)

In spite of the high prevalence of epilepsy and the importance of preserving cognitive function in people with learning disabilities, this population has received relatively little research attention. This study sets out systematically to investigate possible predictive factors of inter-ictal states of arousal and attention. The daytime function of 28 people with epilepsy and severe learning disabilities was assessed by performance on a two-choice reaction time vigilance task, behavioural analysis of time-sampled video recordings taken in naturalistic settings, and carer ratings on visual analogue scales. This methodology yielded eight discrete functional measures, from which two further index measures were derived after principal components analysis. A range of clinical and psychosocial assessments was completed and subjects had 36 hour ambulatory EEG and sleep EEG monitoring. Regression models identified significant predictors of cognitive function from a range of potential explanatory variables i.e. demographic, clinical, pharmacological, background EEG rhythms and sleep parameters. Results indicated that greater severity of learning disability, longer bedtime periods, poor sleep efficiency, frequent seizures and antiepileptic drug polytherapy were significant predictor variables. Explained variance (adjusted R2) was greater than 50% for six of 10 outcome variables (range up to 85%). Furthermore, significant regression equations (P < 0.05) were obtained for all but one variable. Thus, these results appear reasonably robust. Results support an interactional model of daytime arousal and attention in people with epilepsy plus severe learning disabilities. Inter-ictal cognitive function appears to be mediated by a combination of organic, circadian (sleep wake), clinical and pharmacological factors.  (+info)

Darryl, a cartoon-based measure of cardinal posttraumatic stress symptoms in school-age children. (7/2081)

OBJECTIVES: This report examines the reliability and validity of Darryl, a cartoon-based measure of the cardinal symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: We measured exposure to community violence through the reports of children and their parents and then administered Darryl to a sample of 110 children aged 7 to 9 residing in urban neighborhoods with high crime rates. RESULTS: Darryl's reliability is excellent overall and is acceptable for the reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal subscales, considered separately. Child reports of exposure to community violence were significantly associated with child reports of PTSD symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Darryl possesses acceptable psychometric properties in a sample of children with frequent exposure to community violence.  (+info)

Metabolic, gastrointestinal, and CNS neuropeptide effects of brain leptin administration in the rat. (8/2081)

To investigate whether brain leptin involves neuropeptidergic pathways influencing ingestion, metabolism, and gastrointestinal functioning, leptin (3.5 micrograms) was infused daily into the third cerebral ventricular of rats for 3 days. To distinguish between direct leptin effects and those secondary to leptin-induced anorexia, we studied vehicle-infused rats with food available ad libitum and those that were pair-fed to leptin-treated animals. Although body weight was comparably reduced (-8%) and plasma glycerol was comparably increased (142 and 17%, respectively) in leptin-treated and pair-fed animals relative to controls, increases in plasma fatty acids and ketones were only detected (132 and 234%, respectively) in pair-fed rats. Resting energy expenditure (-15%) and gastrointestinal fill (-50%) were reduced by pair-feeding relative to the ad libitum group, but they were not reduced by leptin treatment. Relative to controls, leptin increased hypothalamic mRNA for corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH; 61%) and for proopiomelanocortin (POMC; 31%) but did not reduce mRNA for neuropeptide Y. These results suggest that CNS leptin prevents metabolic/gastrointestinal responses to caloric restriction by activating hypothalamic CRH- and POMC-containing pathways and raise the possibility that these peripheral responses to CNS leptin administration contribute to leptin's anorexigenic action.  (+info)

The present study examined the association between personality, competitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and physiological arousal in athletes with high and low anxiety levels. Anxiety was manipulated by means of an incentive. Fifty male participants, first, completed the Five Factor Personality Inventory and their resting electro dermal activity (EDA) was recorded. In the second stage, participants were randomly assigned to high or low anxiety groups. Individual EDAs were recorded again to determine precompetition physiological arousal. Participants also completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and played a computer-simulated soccer match. Results showed that neuroticism was related to both CSAI-2 components and physiological arousal only in the group receiving the incentive. Winners had higher levels of cognitive anxiety and lower levels of physiological arousal than losers. On the basis of these findings, we concluded that an athletes neurotic personality may influence his ...
Previous research has found that people who are ambivalent toward a group process new information about the group more carefully than people who are nonambivalent toward the group. It has been suggested that this effect occurs because people who are ambivalent toward a group (a) experience a high level of physiological arousal when they think about the group and (b) seek to reduce this arousal by carefully processing new information about the group. To test these hypotheses, we conducted a correlational study (Study 1) and an experimental study (Study 2). Unexpectedly, Study 1 found that intergroup ambivalence is negatively correlated with the physiological arousal that is experienced when target outgroups are salient. Study 2 replicated this pattern and demonstrated an effect of intergroup ambivalence on information processing, while also discovering that the effects of ambivalence on arousal and on information processing were independent. Overall, these results indicate that arousal is not a ...
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When most people think of arousal, the mind immediately reverts to something sexual. The truth is that, put simply, arousal is the amount of attention the mind or body is giving to a particular stimulus.. For all activities there is an optimal arousal level and this directly affects decision making speed or focus level. A high level of arousal will increase blood flow and therefore oxygen flow into the brain, neural and muscular systems and stimulates adrenaline production. This is commonly known as getting nervous or being stressed. In sports performance it is often a case of knowing what to concentrate on and focusing attention on these factors. Concentration can vary in both intensity and focus.. Some people have high arousal levels prior to performance or competition and this can positively or negatively affect sporting performance as muscular tension, decision making ability, concentration, rhythm and coordination are affected by arousal levels.. Arousal is important at all levels of ...
The present study examined the ability of a Virtual Reality (VR) public speaking task to elicit physiological arousal in adults with SAD (n=25) and Controls (n=25). A behavioral assessment paradigm was employed to address three study objectives: (a) to determine whether the VR task can elicit significant increases in physiological response over baseline resting conditions (b) to determine if individuals with SAD have a greater increase from baseline levels of physiological and self-reported arousal during the in vivo speech task as opposed to the VR speech task and (c) to determine whether individuals with SAD experience greater changes in physiological and selfreported arousal during each speech task compared to controls. Results demonstrated that the VR task was able to elicit significant increases in heart rate, skin conductance, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia, but did not elicit as much physiological or self-reported arousal as the in vivo speech task. In addition, no differences were found
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The effects of physiological arousal on cognition cause individuals to be active, attentive, or excited. The term physiological refers to physiology and concerns the normal functioning of an organism. Physiological arousal refers to features of arousal reflected by physiological reactions, such as escalations in blood pressure and rate of respiration and lessened activity of the gastrointestinal system. These terms are what allow for the effects physiological arousal has on cognition itself.[30]. Cognition[31] is internal mental representations best characterized as thoughts and ideas- resulting from and involved in multiple mental processes and operations including perception, reasoning, memory, intuition, judgement and decision making. While cognition is not directly observable, it is still amenable to study using the scientific method. Cognition is also something that plays a fundamental role in determining behavior. Goes into explaining cognitive functions and how they are internal and ...
View Notes - 12 from PSYC 101 at University of San Francisco. Chapter 12 Summary I. Emotions -a complex pattern of bodily and mental changes that includes physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive
A real-life example of cognition is used whenever decision making is involved; for example, a real-life scenario of a cognitive decision would be when a traffic light is changing from green to yellow. One would either make a cognitive decision to run through the yellow light in hopes you could clear the intersection before the light turned red. However, one could make a different cognitive decision to stop when they see the yellow light to not run the light before it turned red. A real-life example of the effects of physiological arousal on cognition is when youre walking through the woods and you notice a rattlesnake in front of the walkway on the ground. You would feel alarmed and scared (physiological arousal). Your past experience and knowledge of poisonous snakes and dangerous predators provides the (cognition) of the situation. Based on your analysis of your position you label your arousal as fear. Fear is explained to be an emotion that one might expect with alarm, it is also known as ...
A real-life example of cognition is used whenever decision making is involved; for example, a real-life scenario of a cognitive decision would be when a traffic light is changing from green to yellow. One would either make a cognitive decision to run through the yellow light in hopes you could clear the intersection before the light turned red. However, one could make a different cognitive decision to stop when they see the yellow light to not run the light before it turned red. A real-life example of the effects of physiological arousal on cognition is when youre walking through the woods and you notice a rattlesnake in front of the walkway on the ground. You would feel alarmed and scared (physiological arousal). Your past experience and knowledge of poisonous snakes and dangerous predators provides the (cognition) of the situation. Based on your analysis of your position you label your arousal as fear. Fear is explained to be an emotion that one might expect with alarm, it is also known as ...
In this study, we demonstrate striking similarities in the activity of amygdala neurons during conditioned appetitive and aversive emotional arousal and strong relationships between neuronal activity in the amygdala and blood pressure-a measure of arousal which is sensitive to lesions of the amygdala in both appetitive (24) and aversive (21, 22) settings. Cells with increases in activity during one CS+ were more likely than would be expected by chance to show the same response to the other oppositely valenced CS+, and the same was true of CS− elicited decreases. Neuronal activity was also more similar than expected by chance during the appetitive and aversive conditioned stimuli when the activity of all recorded cells was considered together. Additionally, the activity of neurons with similar directions of change in firing during conditioned appetitive and aversive stimuli (same cells) was more likely to be correlated with blood pressure than the rest of the population. Same cells were also ...
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This one day training package draws upon the acclaimed Saturation Model (Morewood et al, 2011) developed by the lead trainer as part of a whole-school approach to supporting autistic students in mainstream schools, fused with emotional regulation and low arousal approaches developed by Studio III (McDonnell & Deveau, 2018).. As a new training package during 2019, it draws on the clinical expertise of Professor Andy McDonnell and the practical whole-school systems established and evaluated by Gareth D Morewood. During 2019 this unique training was delivered to schools and educational settings in the UK and abroad (Dubai, Portugal & Ireland).. ...
The authors investigated the effects of valence and arousal on memory using a dual-process model that quantifies recollective and nonrecollective components of recall without relying on metacognitive judgments to separate them. The results showed that valenced words increased reconstruction (a compo …
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RERA - Respiratory Effort Related Arousal. Looking for abbreviations of RERA? It is Respiratory Effort Related Arousal. Respiratory Effort Related Arousal listed as RERA
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The tendency to match different sensory modalities together can be beneficial for marketing. Here we assessed the effect of sound-odor congruence on peoples attitude and memory for products of a familiar and unfamiliar brand. Participants smelled high- and low-arousal odors and then saw an advertisement for a product of a familiar or unfamiliar brand, paired with a high- or low-arousal jingle. Participants attitude towards the advertisement, the advertised product, and the products brand was measured, as well as memory for the product. In general, no sound-odor congruence effect was found on attitude, irrespective of brand familiarity. However, congruence was found to affect recognition: when a high-arousal odor and a high-arousal sound were combined, participants recognized products faster than in the other conditions. In addition, familiar brands were recognized faster than unfamiliar brands, but only when sound or odor arousal was high. This study provides insight into the possible ...
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Schachter and Singer dealt with arousal that occurs at the same time as some emotionally relevant stimulus which provides the cognition whereby the arousal is labeled. Zillmann (1978) has described a general situation in which two arousing conditions occur in sequence. Autonomic arousal does not dissipate immediately upon termination of eliciting conditions... Given this fact, Zillmann has reasoned that if two arousing events are separated by a short amount of time, some of the arousal caused by the first event may become transferred to the second event and added to the arousal caused by the latter... (pp. 116-117). ...
Quite often when considering how to manage behaviour, schools and educational settings have a strong focus on reactionary systems and fixed medicalised processes. This training course looks to change the focus of traditional approaches. By drawing on over fifty years worth of combined research and practical experience, it offers a unique, whole-school approach to reducing stress and challenging behaviour.
People swear more colourfully when they are in a emotionally aroused state. This suggests that swearing is closely related to emotion.
Age of Arousal, by award-winning Canadian playwright, Linda Griffiths, is a lavish, sexy ensemble piece about the forbidden and gloriously liberated self. The setting is 1885: a time of great passion and great confusion. A population imbalance leaves London flooded with half a million more women than men and an escalating suffrage movement has ushered in a rip-roaring New Age. Mary Barfoot, an ex-militant suffragette, runs a school for secretaries with her beloved Rhoda. The schools invasion by three spinster sisters and a charismatic cad named Everard, creates a catalyst for political, sexual and emotional explosion. Ideas and libidos clash for dominance, as each character confronts the meaning of revolutionary courage.. Age of Arousal will be the third staged reading of Peninsulas 2019-20 season, presented at Peninsula Productions Studio Theatre (14600 North Bluff Road, White Rock, BC) on Sunday, February 23rd at 2:30 p.m. and 7 p.m. Tickets are $20 ...
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In the future, operators of complex equipment will spend more time monitoring computer controlled devices rather than having hands-on control of such equipment. The operator intervenes in system operation under unusual conditions or when there is a computer malfunction. The latter occurs relatively seldom. The operators task thus becomes a vigilance task, one requiring attention to monitoring equipment with little need for action. An individuals ability to maintain vigilance is easily compromised, with time-on-task (TOT) a major detractor of performance. The question asked in this research was: Can gaze control measures be used to reflect, and hopefully to predict, periods of impaired vigilance?*PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)
Join us for a great workshop to proof self control in your dog. This is a great challenging workshop for dogs who have basic obedience under their belts. Self-control games include exercises that require the dog to hold a position despite severe distractions and a high arousal level. A food-motivated dog that is asked to sit and hold that position while treats are dropped all around her is demonstrating excellent self-control. A dog that is easily aroused by motion, but can hold a sit while dogs and children are playing close by are showing excellent self-control. Perfect for pets who attend sports and family outings as well as competetive canine athletes alike ...
Since avoidance of local anesthesia prevents pain levitra randleman. Although his wife may be able to call for a large population-based random sample of such symbols as presenting flowers, making eye contact, verbalnonverbal contradictions, and the dorsal hump reduce the amount of time without after effects. 89. Br med j 2000; 65(4): 457491. He could openly express himself and his wife to assess whether drug therapy for womens sexual desire being one of the male richard a. Carroll ender identity is determined by the testes may damage the no-secreting vascular endothelium of the. The couples signaled the beginning of tumescence. Absence of emission and/ or the general population, male rats with chronic dosing and persistence of smooth muscle relaxant or spinal anesthesia. When a cerebral area gets activated, blood flow during early sexual experiences of sexual arousal are part of a pde7 inhibitor would likely have been some encouragement from others for their slownessejaculatory disorders 235 ...
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Knowing where your limits are, or in this case knowing the required level of arousal for any given exercise, is very valuable in predicting the success of more complex movements and will help motivate your progress.. NOT knowing your limits will - over time - cause a shrinking effect! of your mind and your body! A literal narrowing of your perceived abilities both physical and mental. You more or less talk yourself into thinking you cant do things (often simply b/c you havent done them in a while).. Safely Testing your strength and conditioning abilities is not something recommended unless you have a trainer/coach with lots of experience.. ...
Removal of deceased cells in the lack of concomitant defense arousal is necessary for cells homeostasis. arrived from the statement of overstated build up and reduced removal of misfolded protein in plasminogen-/- rodents pursuing cells damage [7]. An extra element to the removal of undesirable protein can be the phagocytic left arm of the natural immune system program. Therefore, both extracellular degrading digestive enzymes and phagocytic reactions lead to the removal of deceased cells [9,10] and are most likely to communicate with each additional not really just to maximise distance, but also to minimise self-recognition and maintain cells homeostasis. Two primary cell types mediate the phagocytic distance of deceased cells: macrophages and dendritic cells. Earlier research possess demonstrated that plasmin offers a pro-inflammatory impact on macrophages [11C15] and raises their capability to phagocytose apoptotic cells [16]. Dendritic cells, as well as removing deceased cells, are also a ...
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Psychosexual disorders, defined as a lack of arousal or satisfaction while being intimate, are said to affect up to one in three people worldwide.
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Reaction to assessor: Ulysses was calm and relaxed upon approach. He looks at the assessor and closes his eyes to rest when softly spoken to. Reaction to cage door opening: Ulysses remains soft and relaxed. Reaction to touch: Ulysses comes to the front and head-butts the assessor. He leans on the assessors hand and begins to purr during the interaction. When continuing to pet him, his tail started to sway from side to side and he nipped the assessors hand gently. He remains calm, but may not like additional attention. Reaction to being picked up: Ulysses remains calm and allows handling. Behavior Determination: Experience Ulysses is social and affectionate but appears to be easily overstimulated. As a result of this observed behavior we recommend adopters who are familiar with signs of behavioral arousal and agitation in cats, so that interactions can be ended before Ulysses becomes overstimulated. We also recommend fishing pole-type toys for play as they allow for interaction and vigorous, ...
The research was an experiment that was conducted in 15 volunteers. Each participant was presented with 80 life episodes and asked to imagine these scenarios according to the instructions shown on a screen. They would either be past or future events and included scenes such as the end of a relationship, winning an award and so on. The participants were asked to press a button when the image (the memory or for future events, the projection) began to form in their mind, and again when they had finished thinking about it. After each image, the participants rated the scenario depending on its emotional arousal and whether they called it positive, neutral or negative. These categories were used later to compare the differences between the participants when they were thinking about positive and negative, future and past events. Brain activity throughout the sessions of remembering and imagining was determined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Finally, all of the scenarios were ...
Lets say that at one point, the baby of, perhaps, just a day or so of age (just an arbitrary age) experiences a discomforting stimulus. This may be something as simple and benign as a change in its auditory environment; perhaps the parents with raised voices in the next room (not an argument), or an airplane flying low overhead, or some sudden noise like a dog barking or something dropping or crashing. Its evident that all these experiences do not constitute ACTUAL trauma or danger to the baby, but its also obvious that this stimulus can create discomfort in the babys experience: - negative emotional arousal. It is natural that this is so - see the fight or flight response in chapter 5. Note that the baby has never experienced this sensory input before. Its a first-of experience. ...
Two dogs that are contesting possession of a highly valued resource for the first time, if one is in a state of emotional arousal, in pain; if reactivity is influenced by recent endocrine changes, or motivational states such as hunger, then the outcome of the interaction may be different than if none of these factors were present. Equally, the threshold at which aggression is shown may be influenced by a range of medical factors, or, in some cases, precipitated entirely by pathological disorders. Hence, the contextual and physiological factors present when two dogs first encounter each other may profoundly influence the long-term nature of the relationship between those dogs. The complexity of the factors involved in this type of learning means that dogs may develop different expectations about the likely response of another individual for each resource in a range of different situations. Puppies learn early not to challenge an older dog and this respect stays with them into adulthood. When ...
Two dogs that are contesting possession of a highly valued resource for the first time, if one is in a state of emotional arousal, in pain; if reactivity is influenced by recent endocrine changes, or motivational states such as hunger, then the outcome of the interaction may be different than if none of these factors were present. Equally, the threshold at which aggression is shown may be influenced by a range of medical factors, or, in some cases, precipitated entirely by pathological disorders. Hence, the contextual and physiological factors present when two dogs first encounter each other may profoundly influence the long-term nature of the relationship between those dogs. The complexity of the factors involved in this type of learning means that dogs may develop different expectations about the likely response of another individual for each resource in a range of different situations. Puppies learn early not to challenge an older dog and this respect stays with them into adulthood. When ...
All you need to Find Out About Female Arousal Arousal could be the state to be awake and dedicated to a stimulus that is certain. In this specific article, were especially speaing frankly about intimate arousal, which will be about being intimately excited…. Read more ...
Principal Investigator:SASAKI Satoshi, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1997, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Applied materials science/Crystal engineering
When it comes to competing, or performing in high-pressure situations, being able to manage your emotional state is critical. In sport, the arousal state
The effects of alcohol myopia on response to sexual arousal also depend on the level of sexual arousal. When sexual arousal ... Sexual arousal[edit]. Alcohol myopia causes individuals to become increasingly aware of sexual arousal and more likely to ... The extent of alcohol myopia's effects on one's decisions about how to react to sexual arousal is dependent upon the level of ... The more salient the external cue (in this case, higher levels of sexual arousal were more salient than lower levels) the more ...
Sexsomnia is classified under NREM arousal parasomnia.[1] NREM arousal parasomnia[edit]. Parasomnia disorders are classified ... "Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) Sleep Arousal Disorders - Sleep eBook". sleepdisorders.sleepfoundation.org. Retrieved 2017-11-13. ... Behaviors of pelvic thrusting, sexual arousal, and orgasms are often attributed to sleep related epilepsy disorder. In some ... sleep arousal disorders, Nightmare disorder, Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder, Restless legs syndrome, and ...
Arousal and reward[edit]. The dopaminergic neurons from the ventral tegmental area that innervate the olfactory tubercle enable ... Gervais, G. (1979). "Unilateral lesions of the olfactory tubercle modifying general arousal effects in the rat olfactory bulb ... arousal, and reward centers, thus making it a potentially critical interface between processing of sensory information and the ... and a number of structures in the reward-arousal system, as well as the olfactory cortex. Due to its many innervations from ...
Autonomic nervous system - Autonomic arousal[edit]. *Headaches. *Back pains. *Inability to relax ...
Effect of arousals[edit]. Arousals cause return of airway resistance and airflow to near awake values. Refer arousals in NREM ... Effects of arousals[edit]. Induced transient arousal from NREM sleep cause the following: Increase EMG activity of the ... Sleep onset in normal subjects is not immediate, but oscillates between arousal, stage I and II sleep before steady NREM sleep ... These subjects also experienced more frequent arousals and diminished stage 3 and stage 4 sleep. A poorer quality of sleep was ...
The areas concerning sexual arousal are: Arousability (arousal and sexual stimulation); Sexual power dynamics (power dynamics ... sexual arousal is controlled by the balance of several factors, all of which contribute to arousal or inhibition. Validation of ... Arousal contingency (arousal-related factors); Concerns about sexual function (concerns about the consequences of sexual ... Each item explores a particular aspect of sexuality: 1. Sexual drive, 2. Arousal, 3a. Penile erection; 3b. Vaginal lubrication ...
"B覚醒!!" [Arousal B!!]. V Jump (in Japanese) (2): 29. February 22, 2009. "News Archive". Namco Bandai EU. Archived from the ...
Episode 5. Spousal Arousal. Aired: Directed by: Brian Kirk 'Mick Bad News' thinks his wife is having an affair and hires the ...
Jones, BE (1 May 2003). "Arousal systems". Frontiers in Bioscience. 8 (6): s438-51. doi:10.2741/1074. ISSN 1093-9946. PMID ... Ascending GABAergic Control of Cortical Activation and Arousal". Front. Neurol. 6: 135. doi:10.3389/fneur.2015.00135. PMC ...
These include, but are not limited to, anxiety, arousal, task difficulty, and skills. Simultaneous attention is a type of ... Marrocco RT, Witte EA, Davidson MC (April 1994). "Arousal systems". Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 4 (2): 166-70. doi:10.1016 ...
... arousal difficulties; out-of-control sexual behaviors; LGBT issues; difficulties following childhood abuse; anxiety and ...
This, it was proposed, could lead, both to lability of arousal, and to dissociation of arousal in different parts of the ... A failure of homeostasis in the central nervous system could lead to episodes of hyper-arousal. Oswald has pointed out that ... This suggested a relative dissociation of arousal between the two hemispheres in such people as compared with controls. ... Claridge, G.S. (1967). Personality and Arousal. Oxford: Pergamon. Claridge, G.S. and Clark, K.H. (1982). Covariation between ...
... physiological arousal, and decreases helpful behavior, and that studies suggest that sexualized violence in the media has been ... increased physiological arousal; and decreased pro-social (helping) behavior." In 2005, Anderson was criticized in court for ... feelings and physical arousal, affecting individuals' interpretation of others' behavior and increasing their own aggressive ... physiological arousal, and prosocial behavior: A meta-analytic review of the scientific literature". Psychological Science. 12 ...
... sexual arousal; oxytocin and melanocortins − sexual attraction), and gonadal hormone cycles and further influenced by sex ...
Also, the classic understanding has treated EDA as if it represented one homogeneous change in arousal across the body, but in ... Tonic EDA is considered useful in investigations of general arousal and alertness. EDA is a common measure of autonomic nervous ... There is a relationship between emotional arousal and sympathetic activity, although the electrical change alone does not ... ISBN 978-0-07-162392-6. Picard, Rosalind; Fedor, Szymon; Ayzenberg, Yadid (2016). "Multiple Arousal Theory". Emotion Review. 8 ...
Improving sexual arousal. While some men may be aroused by the feeling of being "owned", the physical feeling of stretching the ... There is a level of humiliation involved, by which they find sexual arousal. The cuffs may even form part of a sexual fetish of ...
Remote-Control Public Arousal; Finding The Right Fit For You; Reluctant Realtor; Cheeky Sense Of Humor; I'm An Anal Nympho, Doc ...
Arousal-non-arousal refers to the emotional state that reflects the degree to which consumers and employees feel excited and ... arousal-non-arousal or dominance-submissiveness while the mediator explains the response behaviour, typically in terms of ... The desired level of emotional arousal depends on the situation. For example, at a gym arousal might be more important than ... Too much arousal can be counter-productive. For instance, a romantic couple might feel out of place in a busy, noisy and ...
... and de-arousal skills. There is strong research evidence for use of these CBT techniques to treat PTSD in terms of magnitude of ...
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy Freeman, Karen (October 27, 1996). Kurt Freund Dies at 82; Studied Deviant Sexual Arousal. New ...
Rismiller, P.D.; McKelvey, M.W. (2000). Spontaneous Arousal in Reptiles? Body Temperature Ecology of Rosenberg's Goanna, ...
As already discussed, arousal can divert one's attention or interest from a message to the source of the arousal. Virtual ... There are two kinds of arousals. Cognitive arousal is an idea that people will be mentally aware of the violation. Physical ... When arousal occurs, one's interest or attention to the deviation increases, resulting in less attention paid to the message ... The occurrence of arousal is aligned with threats. Burgoon introduced the term "threat threshold" to explain that people have ...
Arousal-non-arousal refers to the emotional state that reflects the degree to which consumers and employees feel excited and ... arousal-non-arousal or dominance-submissiveness while the response behaviour is mediated by internal responses including the ... The desired level of emotional arousal depends on the situation. For example, at a gym arousal might be more important than ... Too much arousal, however, can be counter-productive. For instance, a romantic couple might feel out of place in a busy, noisy ...
Berlyne, D.E. (1960). Conflict, arousal, and curiosity. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Inglis, I.R. (1983). "Towards a cognitive ... Kiesler, C.A.; Pallak, M.S. (1976). "Arousal Properties of Dissonance Manipulations". Psychological Bulletin. 83 (6): 1014-1025 ... but only the theory of cognitive dissonance predicts the presence of unpleasant arousal, of psychological distress, which were ... An Attribution Approach to Studying the Arousal Properties of Dissonance". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 29 (5 ...
Other publications by Fein include research on the role of arousal in stereotype threat, suspicion and the fundamental ... Ben-Zeev, T., Fein, S., & Inzlicht, M. (2005). Arousal and stereotype threat. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, ...
Woodruff, D.S. (1985). Arousal, sleep, and aging. In J.E. Birren and K.W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging. ... Overall, there is a relationship between the emotional arousal of an episode and its source memory - there is some evidence ... "Emotional arousal can impair feature binding in working memory". Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 18 (4): 614-625. CiteSeerX ...
Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD), which results in a spontaneous, persistent, and uncontrollable genital arousal, ... Most vaginal discharges occur due to normal bodily functions, such as menstruation or sexual arousal (vaginal lubrication). ... Goldstein, Irwin (1 March 2004). "Persistent Sexual Arousal Syndrome". Boston University Medical Campus Institute for Sexual ... and clear fluid either as a result of sexual arousal or secretions from the cervix. Other non-infective causes include ...
If they are deprived of this sleep-like behaviour, the sleep bouts thereafter are longer and the arousal threshold is higher ... high arousal thresholds. Based on these criteria, many fish species have been observed sleeping. The typical sleep posture of ...
Berlyne, D. E. (1960). Conflict, Arousal, and Curiosity. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9780070048751. Barker, Roger Garlock (1960), " ...
Kaplan, Jon (October 21, 2015). "Preview: Age of Arousal". NOW Magazine. Now Communications. Ryan, Andrew (April 7, 2001). " ... Age of Arousal (2015, Factory Theatre). Stewart received eight Gemini Awards nominations, winning "Best Performance by an ...
Eysencks theory of arousal describes the different natural frequency or arousal states of the brains of people who are ... Arousal and anxiety have a different relationship than arousal and depression. People who suffer from anxiety disorders tend to ... Low arousal approach Low arousal theory "How Fight-or-flight Instincts Impact On Your Stress Levels". Psychologist World. Lench ... Revelle, W. "Arousal Theories" (PDF). Liotti, Mario; Tucker, Don M (March 1992). "Right hemisphere sensitivity to arousal and ...
... and uncontrollable arousal, and the physiological changes associated with arousal. Sexual arousal causes various physical ... Male arousal will lead to an erection, and in female arousal the bodys response is engorged sexual tissues such as nipples, ... Sexual arousal has several stages and may not lead to any actual sexual activity, beyond a mental arousal and the physiological ... Sexual arousal (also sexual excitement) is typically the arousal of sexual desire during or in anticipation of sexual activity ...
Li SB., Giardino W.J., de Lecea L. (2016) Hypocretins and Arousal. In: Lawrence A., de Lecea L. (eds) Behavioral Neuroscience ... Here, we review the role of hypocretins/orexins in arousal state transitions, and discuss possible mechanisms by which such a ... Yamanaka A et al (2003) Hypothalamic orexin neurons regulate arousal according to energy balance in mice. Neuron 38:701-713 ... Carter ME et al (2010) Tuning arousal with optogenetic modulation of locus coeruleus neurons. Nat Neurosci 13:1526-1533. doi: ...
... of the men who received the hormone showed increased activity in the areas of the brain typically activated by sexual arousal ...
Some even go so far as to cause themselves pain during breastfeeding to combat their feelings of arousal or stop breastfeeding ... The hormones released during lactation explain some of the connection between breastfeeding and arousal. When a baby suckles at ... 1] http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/answered-questions/arousal-while-breastfeeding. [2] http://goaskalice.columbia.edu/ ... Source URL: http://www.goaskalice.columbia.edu/answered-questions/arousal-while-breastfeeding ...
activity aesthetic albedo alpha waves alternative animals appear arousal potential arousal value associated attention auditory ... McGraw-Hill, 1960 - Arousal (Physiology) - 350 pages. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Conflict_Arousal_and_ ... epistemic behavior evoke expected experiment experimental exploratory behavior factors familiar figures goal box high arousal ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Conflict_Arousal_and_Curiosity.html?id=Z1x9AAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus- ...
Her condition is called persistent genital arousal disorder, or PGAD, but the "arousal" was more like the feeling of being ... Using "arousal" in the name suggests a pleasant experience, which it decidedly is not, Cataldo says. ... All reported multiple daily or near-daily arousals, often triggered by engine vibration, sitting, standing, or using the toilet ...
... spontaneous arousal. A person can experience sudden orgasms unrelated to sexual desire. Triggers may include anxiety, cysts, ... the genital arousal is not associated with feelings of sexual desire. *the persistent sensations of genital arousal feel ... A woman with PGAD can experience spontaneous orgasms that do not resolve arousal. The persons arousal is not linked to sexual ... Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is characterized by unrelenting, spontaneous, and uncontainable genital arousal, ...
Some psychologists think our brains are bad at keeping arousal from fear separate from arousal from sex. I think they happen to ... These explanations - that the mind mistakes fear arousal for sexual arousal, and that this is useful because it makes people ... Cant it be just because fear and sexual arousal share the same neurological pathways? Maybe arousal needs a qualifier before ... involve physiological arousal (in the form of things like an increased heart rate); apparently, physiological arousal is pretty ...
Also provided are an anesthesia arousal composition for use in thi ... 1. An anesthesia arousal composition comprising a bicarbonate ion. 2. The anesthesia arousal composition according to claim 1, ... 1) An anesthesia arousal composition containing a bicarbonate ion;. (2) The anesthesia arousal composition according to (1) ... 4. The anesthesia arousal composition according to claim 1, provided in a form of Ringers solution. 5. An acidosis-correcting ...
A hormone called kisspeptin was found to increase brain activity associated with sexual arousal and romanic love in healthy ... "Hormone injection boosts brain activity linked to sexual arousal." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 24 Jan. 2017. Web. ... The hormone, called kisspeptin, was found to increase activity in areas of the brain normally stimulated by sexual arousal and ... Whiteman, H. (2017, January 24). "Hormone injection boosts brain activity linked to sexual arousal." Medical News Today. ...
... arousal aligned to low arousal BF. (Right) Low and high arousal curves scaled. (Middle) Cumulative probability plots show no ... we show that NS is strongest during low arousal and becomes progressively weaker as arousal increases. Furthermore, the arousal ... 2 C and D1). Interneuronal correlations were significantly modulated by arousal (Fig. 2C, 2-way ANOVA, Parousal, Pcorrelations ... B4) Increases in arousal decrease current variability (Im SD) while mean current is unchanged (n = 14 cells). (C) Arousal ...
What Science Says About Arousal During Rape Yes, orgasms can happen to rape victims. ...
Paraphilia: Insects as Sources of Sexual Arousal. The peculiar pleasure of ants in your pants Posted Jun 29, 2015 ... Formicophilia is an uncommon but fascinating variety of zoophilia (sexual arousal via animals). The term is derived from the ... young man was taught social skills for interacting with women and encouraged to use heterosexual pictures for sexual arousal. ...
Treatments and Tools for arousal. Find arousal information, treatments for arousal and arousal symptoms. ... arousal - MedHelps arousal Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... Low sexual arousal and dull pains around penis an perinum ? - Sexual Health Community ... Constant arousal, urge to urinate sometimes, burning sensation? - Urinary Tract Infection Community ...
Maybe down the road urine scent will have its place as a natural, sexual arousal, but for now we can stick to our other ... Unfortunately (or fortunately), urine has not been recorded to pose as a strong sexual arousal for humans. One study reveals ...
Arousal was induced by randomly presented trains of five electrical pulses delivered to a finger. The pulses were triggered on ... Arousal elicits exaggerated inhibition of sympathetic nerve activity in phobic syncope patients.. Artikel i vetenskaplig ... Alerting stimuli causing arousal have been shown to elicit a reproducible transient inhibition of muscle sympathetic nerve ... The aim of the present study was to test whether this inhibitory response to arousal is exaggerated in patients with a history ...
In general, sexual arousal comprises 2 components: genital arousal and subjective (neuronal) arousal (8). The former is ... Understanding sexual arousal and subjective-genital arousal desynchrony in women. Nat. Rev. Urol. 16, 107-120 (2019).. ... Neural substrates of sexual arousal are not sex dependent. Ekaterina Mitricheva, Rui Kimura, Nikos K. Logothetis, Hamid R. ... Neural substrates of sexual arousal are not sex dependent. Ekaterina Mitricheva, Rui Kimura, Nikos K. Logothetis, Hamid R. ...
"Goat arousal experts", they exist! Wasnt it yesterday that we had the article about the guy, who when he was arrested, said ...
Female Viagra will help women increase their sexual arousal. By Claire Ellicott for the Daily Mail Updated: 06:48 EDT, 14 ... Now that we are beginning to establish the pathways involved in sexual arousal, scientists may be able to find ways of helping ... Pharmaceutical giant Pfizer has developed a drug, so far called only UK-414,495, which is supposed to increase sexual arousal, ... A female equivalent of Viagra could soon be available to help women increase their sexual arousal, scientists claim. ...
Steele, R. S. (1973).The physiological concomitants of psychogenic motive arousal in college males. Unpublished doctoral ... just as norepinephrine has been found to be associated with arousal of power motivation. Thus, different motives may be ... it appears likely that dopamine is especially associated with arousal of affiliation motivation, ... subserved by different hormones, making it unlikely that all motives lead to the same state of physiological arousal. ...
Arousal from Above & Arousal from Below. Knowledge Base » Torah, The » Kabbalah & Chassidism; Mysticism » Kabbalah » ...
Stress, arousal, and sleep. Sanford, L. D., Suchecki, D. & Meerlo, P., 2015, Sleep, Neuronal Plasticity and Brain Function . ... While most stressors are associated with at least a brief period of arousal and wakefulness, the subsequent amount and ... regions likely play significant roles in memory processes and participate in the way stressful memories may affect arousal and ...
Molecular Regulation of Arousal States explores the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which sleep and wakefulness are ... Arousal states are processes that include waking, deep sleep, and the dreaming phase of sleep (REM). ... Arousal states are processes that include waking, deep sleep, and the dreaming phase of sleep (REM). Molecular Regulation of ... For the first time, a single source integrates cellular and molecular research techniques with studies of arousal, opening the ...
"The arousal wont let up. It will not subside. It will not relent. One O-R-G will lead you directly into the horrible intense ... Persistent genital arousal disorder brings woman agony, not ecstasy What do you do when your body turns against you? When the ... Persistent genital arousal disorder was first identified in 2001 by Sandra Leiblum, a noted sex therapist and professor of ... If she wanted the arousal to stop, she turned the electrical impulses on with a transmitter. If she wanted to have sex with her ...
A new McGill University study that used thermal imaging technology for the first time ever to measure sexual arousal rates has ... Both the men and the women began showing arousal within 30 seconds. The men reached maximal arousal in 664.6 seconds (roughly ... "Comparing sexual arousal between men and women, we see that there is no difference in the amount of time it takes healthy young ... During the arousal experiment, the male and female subjects watched separate sexually explicit films procured from the Kinsey ...
Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence.. Allen M1,2, Frank D1,3, Schwarzkopf DS1,4, Fardo F1 ... Across measures of perceptual bias, uncertainty, and physiological arousal we found that arousing disgust cues modulated the ... Trial schematic illustrating our arousal-cued global motion task, in which an unexpected, masked disgusted face increased ... B) As predicted, pupillary fluctuations encode the interaction of exteroceptive noise and unexpected internal arousal, time ...
Large ventral lateral neurons modulate arousal and sleep in Drosophila.. Sheeba V1, Fogle KJ, Kaneko M, Rashid S, Chou YT, ... The threshold for arousal in lLNv hyperexcited flies is greater than controls as shown by the left panel where significantly ... To determine whether the lLNvs are involved in arousal and sleep/wake behavior, we examined the effects of altered electrical ... lLNv hyperexcitation impairs sensory arousal, as shown by physiological and behavioral assays. lLNv-hyperexcited flies lacking ...
He argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal. Employing ... the simple but powerful framework of information theory, Pfaff revolutionizes our understanding of arousal systems in the brain ... Pfaff presents a daring perspective on the long-standing puzzle of what arousal is. ... It is intuitively obvious, absolutely necessary, but what exactly is it? In Brain Arousal and Information Theory, Donald Pfaff ...
  • The findings suggest that the degree of inhibition in response to arousal stimuli is related to a subjective factor coupled to fear of blood/injury. (gu.se)
  • A review of these studies ( 7 ) proposes that the sexual duality is due to differences in neural information processing, that in turn lead to dimorphisms in physiological response and subjective ratings of arousal. (pnas.org)
  • Our results suggest that unexpected arousal regulates perceptual precision, such that subjective confidence reflects the integration of both external sensory and internal, embodied states. (nih.gov)
  • It is been shown that there is a poor subjective arousal that poorly correlates with genital response. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • In MRI (magnetic resonance) studies, it was found that there is a poor correlation between brain activation in areas controlling genital response in the brain and subjective arousal. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • and there's about 10% overlap for women's genital response and subjective arousal. (medium.com)
  • Relatively little is known about the subjective reactions of women with lifelong vaginismus to erotic stimuli and genital arousal has never been investigated. (wiley.com)
  • In response to the erotic films, the vaginismus group reported less mental arousal than the no-pain group and a range of negative subjective responses, including threat and disgust. (wiley.com)
  • Overall, participants showed concordance between peak subjective sexual arousal and temperature change from baseline to peak arousal. (wiley.com)
  • Despite negative subjective responses, women with vaginismus responded with increased genital sexual arousal to erotic films. (wiley.com)
  • Further, arousal was found to be the only subjective rating significantly modulating brain activation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Higher subjective arousal evoked higher activation associated with memory recognition in the right caudate and the left cingulate gyrus. (frontiersin.org)
  • Sexual arousal disorders involve a lack of subjective arousal or of physical genital response to sexual stimulation-nongenital, genital, or both. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Sexual arousal disorders can be categorized as subjective, genital, or combined. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Subjective arousal occurs in response to nongenital stimulation (eg, an erotic video) but not in response to genital stimulation. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Subjective arousal in response to any type of sexual stimulation is absent or low, and women report absence of physical genital arousal (ie, they report the need of external lubricants and may state they know that swelling of the clitoris no longer occurs). (merckmanuals.com)
  • Many of us recognise the lack of control we feel when we become nervous or how our levels of arousal can alter our reactions in certain situations. (hubpages.com)
  • General questions for students on this could involve whether there is actually a plateau for a small selection of levels of arousal in athletes which elicits the same sporting response and how the steepness of such a curve can be greatly different between differing athletes. (hubpages.com)
  • Optimal levels of arousal and anxiety do not always occur at the mid-point on the continuum but can occur at differing points within different individuals. (hubpages.com)
  • This is usually accompanied by low levels of arousal and sexual excitement with orgasms, often leading to major sexual dissatisfaction. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • One of the assertions of the arousal theory of motivation is that our levels of arousal can influence our performance. (verywellmind.com)
  • The law states that increased levels of arousal will improve performance, but only up until the optimum arousal level is reached. (verywellmind.com)
  • Additionally, if you're doing a complex task, high or low levels of arousal will affect you more than if you're doing something simple. (verywellmind.com)
  • We found that humans are able to identify higher levels of arousal in vocalizations across all species. (phys.org)
  • Things that precipitate human sexual arousal are called erotic stimuli and colloquially known as turn-ons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human sexual arousal: a modern behavioral approach. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In particular, recent research has demonstrated that human sexual arousal patterns can emerge in the absence of a history of instrumental learning or stimulus association. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • These findings considerably expand the traditional behavioral approach to the analysis of human sexual arousal. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • A relational frame approach to the analysis of human sexual arousal is then outlined and its interpretative power in dealing with a range of complex human sexual behavior is demonstrated. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Behavioral psychology has not been particularly concerned with providing an account of human sexual responding, or with analyzing the emergence and maintenance of complex patterns of human sexual arousal. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • We will then outline recent RFT findings which suggest that the emergence of human sexual arousal may involve process other than those posited in a traditional classical or operant conditioning account. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • William Masters and Virginia Johnson were the first researchers to examine extensively the physical components of human sexual arousal. (minddisorders.com)
  • Given sufficient sexual stimulation, sexual arousal in humans reaches its climax during an orgasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with chronic, or incurable, persistent genital arousal disorder may eventually lose their notion of sexual pleasure, because the orgasm becomes associated with relief from pain rather than an enjoyable experience. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Call it undercover reporting: GH asked couples to try two popular arousal gels (products that increase blood flow to the genitals, promising to make the area more sensitive and enhance orgasm). (goodhousekeeping.com)
  • Although masturbation or sexual activity with a partner that results in orgasm may relieve the vaginal congestion, the relief is temporary, and the physical signs of sexual arousal may persist for hours, days, or months. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Persistent genital arousal (PGAD) is a syndrome of unprovoked sexual arousal/orgasm of uncertain cause primarily reported in female patients. (lww.com)
  • Two patterns emerged: 80% reported daily out-of-context sexual arousal episodes (≤30/day) that usually included orgasm and 40% reported lesser, often longer-lasting, nonorgasmic arousals. (lww.com)
  • The idea of going through the sexual phases of desire, arousal, orgasm and resolution often overlap and are variable. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • She may not be able to exhibit adequate sexual desire, arousal, orgasm or desire for intercourse. (ndtv.com)
  • One model suggests three stages: desire, arousal, and orgasm. (minddisorders.com)
  • Women have a largely unknown network of structures responsible for arousal and orgasm that even most medical professionals don't know about. (smittenkittenonline.com)
  • Mental stimuli and physical stimuli such as touch, and the internal fluctuation of hormones, can influence sexual arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The potential stimuli for sexual arousal vary from person to person, and from one time to another, as does the level of arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Erotic stimuli which can result in sexual arousal can include conversation, reading, films or images, or a smell or setting, any of which can generate erotic thoughts and memories in a person. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some people do not feel aroused on every occasion that they are exposed to erotic stimuli, nor act in a sexual way on every arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alerting stimuli causing arousal have been shown to elicit a reproducible transient inhibition of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in healthy subjects. (gu.se)
  • The phobic patient group exhibited prolonged sympathetic inhibitions to arousal stimuli compared to controls and non-phobic patients, whereas no difference was found between tilt-positive and tilt-negative patients or between controls and non-phobic patients. (gu.se)
  • Sexual arousal is a dynamical, highly coordinated neurophysiological process that is often induced by visual stimuli. (pnas.org)
  • Systematic review of sex differences in gray matter volume of brain regions associated with sexual arousal (3,723 adults) did not show any causal relationship between structural features and functional response to visual sexual stimuli. (pnas.org)
  • In particular, it is widely assumed that there are sex differences in response to visual sexual stimuli ( 2 ) that lead to a larger sexual arousal in men than in women ( 3 ⇓ ⇓ - 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • An essential characteristic of sleep is heightened arousal threshold, with decreased behavioral response to external stimuli. (genetics.org)
  • An analysis of the results showed that arousal biased judgments of positive stimuli toward joy and judgments of negative stimuli toward anger. (ed.gov)
  • The results again replicated the results of the other studies in that increases in arousal biased judgments of positive stimuli but not judgments of negative stimuli. (ed.gov)
  • One example is the ventrolateral preoptic area, which release GABA reuptake inhibitors, which interrupt wakefulness and arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • While most stressors are associated with at least a brief period of arousal and wakefulness, the subsequent amount and architecture of recovery sleep can vary dramatically across conditions even though classical markers of acute stress such as corticosterone are virtually the same. (rug.nl)
  • Molecular Regulation of Arousal States explores the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which sleep and wakefulness are regulated and seeks explanations for the generation of arousal states. (routledge.com)
  • Arousal plays a central role in a wide variety of phenomena, including wakefulness, autonomic function, affect and emotion. (nih.gov)
  • Histaminergic neurons in the tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN) are an important component of the ascending arousal system and may form part of a "flip-flop switch" hypothesized to regulate sleep and wakefulness. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Parasomnias like confusional arousals tend to happen during the transition from the deepest stage of sleep, stage 3, to a lighter stage of sleep mixed with wakefulness. (verywellhealth.com)
  • However, when a person fails to be aroused in a situation that would normally produce arousal and the lack of arousal is persistent, it may be due to a sexual arousal disorder or hypoactive sexual desire disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like anxiety results in premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory problems in men, it results in lack of arousal in women. (ndtv.com)
  • The lack of arousal and lubrication may result in painful intercourse ( dyspareunia ), emotional distress, or relationship problems. (minddisorders.com)
  • Changes in arousal influence cortical sensory representations, but the synaptic mechanisms underlying arousal-dependent modulation of cortical processing are unclear. (pnas.org)
  • Indeed, moment-to-moment changes in arousal have strong effects on spontaneous and stimulus-evoked firing activity in the primary visual (V1) ( 5 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 12 ) and auditory (A1) cortex ( 13 ⇓ - 15 ). (pnas.org)
  • In recordings from head-fixed mice, changes in arousal are typically assessed by measurements of pupil diameter or exploratory behavior, such as locomotion, with increases in pupil diameter and bouts of running/walking indicating heightened arousal ( 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • The results may also be relevant to understanding clinical disorders, such as anxiety and depression, where changes in arousal might lock sufferers into an unrealistically certain or uncertain world. (elifesciences.org)
  • Male arousal will lead to an erection, and in female arousal the body's response is engorged sexual tissues such as nipples, vulva, clitoris, vaginal walls, and vaginal lubrication. (wikipedia.org)
  • You have no idea what a perplexing mess is female arousal," says Mary Roach in her book Bonk . (rabble.ca)
  • My advice, having gone through a profound hormonal change myself last year, is to keep on top of current sex-positive information about female arousal, be firm with your doctors that this is something you have a right to be concerned about and find community to share and gather information. (rabble.ca)
  • Here we test this hypothesis using a novel psychophysical paradigm, in which unseen disgust-cues induced unexpected, unconscious arousal just before participants discriminated motion signals of variable precision. (nih.gov)
  • Applying his hypothesis to heightened states of arousal-sex and fear-Pfaff shows us how his theory opens new scientific approaches to understanding the structure of brain arousal. (harvard.edu)
  • Russian Psychologist Yuri Hanin's adaptation of the the Inverted-U Hypothesis allows for two distinct manners of variation in performance anxieties and arousal levels. (hubpages.com)
  • The results provide support for the hypothesis that the amygdala, and in particular the ACe, contributes to a heightened state of arousal during conditioned fear. (jneurosci.org)
  • Consistent with the hypothesis that emotional arousal can serve to modulate memory processes in a bi-directional manner, both enhancing and impairing effects of stress and anxiety have been observed in lower animal and human studies. (frontiersin.org)
  • Finally, recent work examining the effects of stress on the use of multiple memory systems in humans is described, and the hypothesis that the modulatory influence of emotional arousal on cognitive and habit memory systems may be relevant to understanding various human psychopathologies is briefly considered. (frontiersin.org)
  • These results emphasize the crucial role of arousal for long-term recognition memory and support the hypothesis that the memorized material, over time, becomes stored in a distributed cortical network including the core salience network and basal ganglia. (frontiersin.org)
  • We measured TBL of bats ( Pipistrellus kuhlii ) at the same T a but under different conditions of humidity, and found an inverse relationship between TBL and total evaporative water loss, independent of metabolic rate, which directly supports the hypothesis that hydration state is a cue to arousal in bats. (biologists.org)
  • Sensory representations are less sparse, and the tuning of nearby cells more similar when arousal increases. (pnas.org)
  • In vivo whole-cell recordings reveal that mechanisms contributing to the effects of arousal on sensory representations include state-dependent modulation of membrane potential dynamics, spontaneous firing, and tone-evoked synaptic potentials. (pnas.org)
  • Information processing in the sensory cortex is modulated by changes in behavioral states such as those associated with arousal, attention, or task engagement ( 1 ⇓ ⇓ - 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • Despite the potential for arousal to regulate cortical sensory coding, the subthreshold synaptic mechanisms by which changes in brain state influence sensory representations and tuning properties are not well understood. (pnas.org)
  • Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence. (nih.gov)
  • In contrast, interoceptive inference models suggest that confidence reflects a weighted integration of sensory precision and expectations about internal states, such as arousal. (nih.gov)
  • Across measures of perceptual bias, uncertainty, and physiological arousal we found that arousing disgust cues modulated the encoding of sensory noise. (nih.gov)
  • lLNv hyperexcitation impairs sensory arousal, as shown by physiological and behavioral assays. (nih.gov)
  • We hypothesize that many cases of PGAD are caused by unprovoked firing of C-fibers in the regional special sensory neurons that subserve sexual arousal. (lww.com)
  • Latency to sleep and the amount of sensory stimulation required to awaken an animal are measures of arousal threshold, which are ultimately modulated by an arousal regulation system involving many brain areas. (modafinil.com)
  • for example, does only the quality of available sensory signals matter, or do our confidence reports also reflect internal bodily states, such as arousal? (elifesciences.org)
  • Here, we address this possibility using a novel psychophysical design, in conjunction with signal theoretic modelling of confidence, to assess the degree to which sensory uncertainty depends upon unexpected arousal. (elifesciences.org)
  • Some people feel embarrassed by sexual arousal and some are sexually inhibited. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pharmaceutical giant Pfizer has developed a drug, so far called only UK-414,495, which is supposed to increase sexual arousal, but will not affect desire, mood or emotional problems. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Pfaff argues that, beneath our mental functions and emotional dispositions, a primitive neuronal system governs arousal. (harvard.edu)
  • Emotional arousal induced by stress and/or anxiety can exert complex effects on learning and memory processes in mammals. (frontiersin.org)
  • Recent studies have begun to link study of the influence of emotional arousal on memory with earlier research indicating that memory is organized in multiple systems in the brain that differ in terms of the "type" of memory they mediate. (frontiersin.org)
  • Specifically, these studies have examined whether emotional arousal may have a differential effect on the "cognitive" and stimulus-response "habit" memory processes sub-served by the hippocampus and dorsal striatum, respectively. (frontiersin.org)
  • A bias toward the use of habit memory can also be produced by intra-basolateral amygdala (BLA) administration of anxiogenic drugs, consistent with the well documented role of efferent projections of this brain region in mediating the modulatory influence of emotional arousal on memory. (frontiersin.org)
  • In some learning situations, the bias toward the use of habit memory produced by emotional arousal appears to result from an impairing effect on hippocampus-dependent cognitive memory. (frontiersin.org)
  • In addition, investigation of brain regions that in part mediate the modulatory effects of emotional arousal on memory has focused largely on various limbic system structures, in particular the basolateral amygdala (BLA) (for review see McGaugh, 2004 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Studies examining the organization of memory in the mammalian brain indicate the existence of multiple memory systems, raising the question of whether emotional arousal may differentially influence the use of different brain systems in a given learning situation. (frontiersin.org)
  • This is followed by a discussion of recent studies in lower animals indicating a differential influence of emotional arousal on the relative use of multiple memory systems. (frontiersin.org)
  • Evidence that the BLA mediates the influence of emotional arousal on multiple memory systems in lower animals is presented. (frontiersin.org)
  • Since then, other models have been suggested that include the emotional aspects of arousal. (minddisorders.com)
  • Our study found that when we raised people's emotional arousal level they became more proficient at swearing such that they were able to produce a greater number of different swear words and expressions in a one-minute period. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Humans recognize emotional arousal in vocalizations across all classes of terrestrial vertebrates: evidence for acoustic universals, Proceedings of the Royal Society B (2017). (phys.org)
  • Crime is commonly committed by individuals under the influence of alcohol and/or experiencing heightened states of emotional arousal. (oxfordhandbooks.com)
  • The University of Georgia researchers and identified 358 landmarks throughout the brain related to memory, vision, language, arousal regulation and many other fundamental bodily operations. (earthsky.org)
  • The methods we employed for tracking the circuitry of arousal regulation in the brain can guide DBS research on all of these disorders, and others," said the study's senior author, Jin Hyung Lee, PhD, assistant professor of neurology, of neurosurgery and of bioengineering at Stanford. (healthcanal.com)
  • The person's arousal is not linked to sexual desire. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Persistent genital arousal disorder can limit a person's lifestyle and cause ongoing discomfort and embarrassment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Arousal nonconcordance is the well-established phenomenon of a lack of overlap between how much blood is flowing to a person's genitals and how "turned on" they feel. (medium.com)
  • The mistake we make when we think about arousal nonconcordance is to think that a person's genitals know more about what "turns them on" than the person themself does. (medium.com)
  • There are many factors that might influence each person's optimal arousal levels, including genetics, experience, and current mood . (verywellmind.com)
  • During confusional arousal, a person's behavior may seem a lot like that of someone who's intoxicated. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Surprisingly, changes in short-latency tone-evoked excitatory input cannot explain the effects of arousal on the broadness of frequency-tuned output. (pnas.org)
  • Effects of Arousal on Interpreting Other People's Emotions. (ed.gov)
  • Tests on a women's gymnastic team to explore correlation between arousal, anxiety, and performance, revealed limited relationships between performance and arousal/anxiety measures and indicated that gymnastic ability is the best correlate of gymnastic performance. (ed.gov)
  • The inverted-U theory on the effect of arousal in sporting situations gives explanation to poor performances when an athlete is showing either a relatively low level of physiological or psychological arousal where they are not 'psyched-up' for the event. (hubpages.com)
  • The arousal theory of motivation suggests that people are driven to perform actions in order to maintain an optimum level of physiological arousal. (verywellmind.com)
  • Arousal is the physiological and psychological state of being awoken or of sense organs stimulated to a point of perception. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sports psychologists have studied the effects of both physiological and psychological arousal on performance over many years. (hubpages.com)
  • Sexual activity is a natural, goal-directed behavior for all species and genders ( 1 ), while arousal and desire are often expressed in different ways in men and women. (pnas.org)
  • To determine whether the lLNvs are involved in arousal and sleep/wake behavior, we examined the effects of altered electrical excitation of the LNvs. (nih.gov)
  • lLNv-hyperexcited flies lacking sLNvs exhibit robust hyperexcitation-induced increases in nocturnal behavior, suggesting that the sLNvs are not essential for mediation of arousal. (nih.gov)
  • A major synthesis of disparate data by a preeminent neuroscientist, Brain Arousal and Information Theory challenges current thinking about cognition and behavior. (harvard.edu)
  • Here, we studied the unique progression of the dynamic behavior of cortical and hippocampal local field potentials (LFPs) during slow-wave sleep-related to motor-bursts (micro-arousals) in mice. (nature.com)
  • The current paper provides an overview of the traditional behavioral approach to the analysis of sexual arousal, and outlines Relational Frame Theory as a modern behavioral approach to human language, cognition, and complex behavior in general. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Finally, we will describe how RFT may shed light on the relationship between predispositions to sexual behavior and the emergence of complex and novel sexual arousal patterns established through learning histories. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • It has now been discovered that this condition of heightened arousal is also linked directly to pleasure seeking and reward, which actually explains a great deal of inappropriate human behavior. (wellnessresources.com)
  • Because many such behaviors involve the use of substances that may cause wear and tear to brain circuitry, your arousal thermostat can get locked into an inappropriately high setting, in turn re-enforcing the behavior in order to be able to sleep. (wellnessresources.com)
  • Her condition is called persistent genital arousal disorder, or PGAD, but the "arousal" was more like the feeling of being pursued by a tiger than the pleasure of a sexual encounter. (webmd.com)
  • What is persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD)? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is characterized by unrelenting, spontaneous, and uncontainable genital arousal, mostly in females. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A woman with PGAD can experience spontaneous orgasms that do not resolve arousal. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The condition was formerly known as Persistent Sexual Arousal Syndrome (PSAS), but the name was changed to PGAD as PSAS suggests active sexual desire. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • PGAD is characterized by unwelcome and intrusive genital arousal episodes that is unrelated to desire . (blogtalkradio.com)
  • Persistent genital arousal syndrome, also known as persistent sexual arousal syndrome, can affect women of any age, premenopausal or postmenopausal, married or single. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) is a frequent finding in women in middle age and more prevalent in post-menopausal women. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Female sexual arousal disorder (FSAD) refers to the persistent or recurrent inability of a woman to achieve or maintain an adequate lubrication-swelling response during sexual activity. (minddisorders.com)
  • To understand FSAD, it is helpful to have an outline of the physiological changes that normally take place in a woman's body during sexual arousal. (minddisorders.com)
  • FSAD affects the excitement or arousal stage of sexual activity. (minddisorders.com)
  • To investigate the effect of arousal on the interpretation of other people's emotions, three studies were conducted. (ed.gov)
  • Hyperactivity of the brain, associated with seizures is also correlated with high levels of measures of arousal and clinically with a gliosis. (springer.com)
  • Measures of arousal - specifically heart rate and pupil dilation - were also related to how confident the volunteers felt on each trial. (elifesciences.org)
  • Despite its importance, it remains unclear as to how the neural mechanisms for arousal are organized across them. (nih.gov)
  • In this article, we review neuroscience findings for three of the most common origins of arousal: wakeful arousal, autonomic arousal, and affective arousal. (nih.gov)
  • Arousal comes from deep inside the brain, in those primal regions of the autonomic nervous system where ingoing and outgoing signals are monitored and the glass over the big fight-or-flight button waits to be smashed. (youarenotsosmart.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to examine autonomic nervous system (ANS) arousal following cognitive challenge. (wiley.com)
  • Psychophysiological theories suggest that anxiety disorders are associated with chronic dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system, as indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and heart rate (HR). Findings to date regarding autonomic arousal at rest and in response to stress, among children with (social) anxiety disorder(s) have been inconsistent however, and/or subject to a range of methodological limitations. (bl.uk)
  • The first study presented in this thesis aimed to investigate whether children with social anxiety disorder, other anxiety disorders and nonanxious children differ in terms of their autonomic arousal at rest and in response to stress, taking account of various methodological shortcomings of previous studies. (bl.uk)
  • Linda Griffiths' Age of Arousal , a play "wildly inspired" by George Gissing's novel "The Odd Women," plays the Shaw Festival in Ontario July 23-Oct. 10. (playbill.com)
  • The Shaw Festival's new production of Linda Griffiths' Age of Arousal , freely adapted from George Gissing's novel "The Odd Women," a play about women typists in Victorian England, begins previews July 23 at the Court House Theatre in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. (playbill.com)
  • Unlike many other animals, humans do not have a mating season, and both sexes are potentially capable of sexual arousal throughout the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unfortunately (or fortunately), urine has not been recorded to pose as a strong sexual arousal for humans. (mediamatic.net)
  • The neural basis of sexual arousal in humans is associated with sexual orientation yet, contrary to the widely accepted view, is not different between women and men. (pnas.org)
  • The brain structures that we showed to be critical in regulating arousal, and the connections between them, are virtually the same in rats and humans, so we have high hopes of seeing our findings, as well as our methods, translated into clinical trials. (healthcanal.com)
  • The brain structures that we showed to be critical in regulating arousal, and the connections between them, are virtually the same in rats and humans. (healthcanal.com)
  • Our findings indicate that humans use multiple acoustic parameters to infer relative arousal in vocalizations for each species, but mainly rely on fundamental frequency and spectral centre of gravity to identify higher arousal vocalizations across species. (phys.org)
  • There are two types of mechanism by which the brain modulates its own responsiveness, those of arousal and attention . (springer.com)
  • Comparing sexual arousal between men and women, we see that there is no difference in the amount of time it takes healthy young men and women to reach peak arousal," said Dr. Irv Binik, psychology professor and founder and director of the Sex and Couple Therapy Service of Royal Victoria Hospital, which is part of the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC). (medindia.net)
  • FARK.com: (8162226) There are Goat Arousal experts? (fark.com)
  • Of course there are goat arousal experts. (fark.com)
  • I'm more of a goat arousal hobbyist. (fark.com)
  • Goat arousal experts", they exist! (fark.com)
  • Higher arousal levels can sometimes help us perform better , but it can also impair performance if arousal levels are too high. (verywellmind.com)
  • Sexual arousal has several stages and may not lead to any actual sexual activity, beyond a mental arousal and the physiological changes that accompany it. (wikipedia.org)
  • Episodes of intense arousal may occur several times a day for weeks, months, or even years. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The condition is characterized by persistent feelings of vaginal congestion and other physical signs of sexual arousal without any awareness of sexual desire along with the intense arousal. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Light-activated lLNvs modulate behavioral arousal and sleep in Drosophila. (nih.gov)
  • Associated with behavioral arousal in these animals is an increase in amplitude and apparent synchrony of high frequency waveforms in the electroencephalogram (EEG). (springer.com)
  • Here, we review the role of hypocretins/orexins in arousal state transitions, and discuss possible mechanisms by which such a relatively small population of neurons controls fundamental brain state dynamics. (springer.com)
  • Yamanaka A et al (2003) Hypothalamic orexin neurons regulate arousal according to energy balance in mice. (springer.com)
  • Large ventral lateral neurons modulate arousal and sleep in Drosophila. (nih.gov)
  • For those of you who are technically minded, the arousal thermostat is established by a pair of excitatory neuropeptides produced by neurons located in the lateral hypothalamus, and projecting throughout your brain. (wellnessresources.com)
  • The physiologic signs of persistent arousal are intrusive, unwanted, and disruptive to the women who experience them. (emaxhealth.com)
  • In addition to Viagra, there are number of other medications that enhance arousal by causing blood vessels to expand, thereby increasing blood flow to the genitals. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Neuroimaging studies suggest differences in the underlying biology of sexual arousal associated with sex and sexual orientation, yet their findings are conflicting. (pnas.org)
  • In conclusion, these novel findings indicate that oscillatory dynamics pattern of cortical and hippocampal LFPs preceding micro-arousals could be part of the regulatory processes in sleep architecture. (nature.com)
  • Despite the arousal-dependent reduction in stimulus selectivity, frequency discrimination by cell ensembles improves due to a reduction in correlated variability (noise correlations). (pnas.org)
  • The arousal may be triggered not only by sexual activity, but also by seemingly nonsexual situations or no obvious stimulus at all. (emaxhealth.com)
  • To clarify the functional significance of this correlated activity, we asked whether and how its structure depends on stimulus and arousal state. (jneurosci.org)
  • To understand the functional significance of correlated brain activity, it is necessary to know whether and how its structure depends on stimulus and arousal state. (jneurosci.org)
  • Our goal was to partition the brain in each stimulus and arousal state, and then compare the structure of identified networks across states. (jneurosci.org)
  • Three scenarios for the dependence of ICs on stimulus and arousal state. (jneurosci.org)
  • A , If the structure of a network remains constant regardless of stimulus or arousal state (i.e., columns 1-4 yield the same ICA result), then the network likely reflects fixed anatomical connections that can be driven by spontaneous activity. (jneurosci.org)
  • Fortunately, I'm very familiar with the dual control model and with arousal nonconcordance , so I know that when my genitals respond to a stimulus, all it means is that the stimulus is sexually relevant , even if it's not appealing. (medium.com)
  • According to Hans Eysenck, differences in baseline arousal level lead people to be extraverts or introverts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists from McGill University Health Centre in Montreal (in Canada) used the method of thermal imaging to record baseline temperature change in genital area to define the time necessary for sexual arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arousals remain high (24.3 arousals per hour on CPAP compared to 28.8 at baseline), total sleep time stays the same at 318 minutes, and sleep efficiency remains low at 70 percent. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Correlational analysis revealed significant associations between various cognitive test scores and changes in physiological arousal from baseline to testing (−0.59 ≤ r ≤ 0.22). (wiley.com)
  • Relative to HC, patients with BD experience larger changes in ANS arousal between a restful baseline and cognitive testing, and achieve lower cognitive test scores. (wiley.com)
  • Here we use population imaging and intracellular recording to show that arousal regulates frequency tuning in layer 2/3 of primary auditory cortex. (pnas.org)
  • This arousal-dependent "network suppression" gates the duration of tone-evoked responses and regulates the broadness of frequency tuning. (pnas.org)
  • In the new study, Lee's group tracked the interplay among distinct structures throughout the entire brain - among them the thalamus, the somatosensory cortex and the zona incerta - and showed how this interplay regulates arousal states. (healthcanal.com)
  • Increased arousal reduces lateral inhibition, broadens frequency tuning and enhances cortical representations of pure tones. (pnas.org)
  • Here, we use 2-photon Ca 2+ imaging in the auditory cortex of awake mice to show that heightened arousal, as indexed by pupil diameter, broadens frequency-tuned activity of layer 2/3 (L2/3) pyramidal cells. (pnas.org)
  • Results indicate that after three months of treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, heart failure patients with CSA show no significant improvement in the frequency of their arousals or in their sleep structure even though breathing pauses are significantly reduced by 55 percent from 35.4 central apneas and hypopnoeas per hour to 16.1 events per hour. (rxpgnews.com)
  • According to the authors, arousals in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are considered to be an important defense mechanism to terminate apnoeas, and treating OSA with CPAP immediately reduces the frequency of arousals. (rxpgnews.com)
  • iii) a pattern of cortico-hippocampal frequency communication precedes micro-arousals: the analysis between hippocampal and cortical LFP fluctuations reveal high coherence during τ interval in a broader frequency band (2-12 Hz), while at a lower frequency band (0.5-2 Hz) the coherence reaches its maximum after the onset of micro-arousals. (nature.com)
  • Although changes in T a and T b affect TBL and the frequency of arousals (e.g. (biologists.org)
  • Dutton & Aron (1974) suggest that these results were consistent with a type of " cognitive relabeling", where the arousal from fear becomes reinterpreted by the subjects as sexual attraction. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Sexual arousal (also sexual excitement) is typically the arousal of sexual desire during or in anticipation of sexual activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The problem of decreasing sexual desire, arousal and sexual activity over the latter part of one's life, often after 35 or 40. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • In a study of some 24 multiethnic midlife women - Hispanic, White, African-American, Chinese and Japanese, a questionnaire revealed that about 40% felt that they never had or infrequently had sexual desire, but with stimulation were capable of arousal, but only 13% expressed content of their sexual experience. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • When a person has a comorbid disease, bilateral oophorectomy (removal of ovaries), or during aging, reduced sexual desire and arousal often occur. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • Vigorelle® for Women instantly glides on a silky texture, then creates a "cool tingling" sensation that speeds arousal and encourages your body's natural lubrication. (vigorelle.com)
  • Phentolamine , marketed as Vasomax for men and Vasotem for women, has been shown to improve arousal, lubrication and sensation in post-menopausal women with SAD. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Some doctors class priapism in men as a type of persistent genital arousal disorder. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Now that we are beginning to establish the pathways involved in sexual arousal, scientists may be able to find ways of helping women who would like to overcome female sexual arousal disorder. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • Dr. Binik's PhD student, Tuuli Kukkonen, said, "This will help diagnose and treat sexual dysfunction in women, such as female sexual arousal disorder, which is poorly understood. (medindia.net)
  • Arousal disorder in patients with cardiac failure? (rxpgnews.com)
  • A study in the Jan. 1 issue of the journal Sleep demonstrates that the frequent arousals from sleep that occur in heart failure patients with central sleep apnoea (CSA) may reflect the presence of another underlying arousal disorder rather than being a defensive mechanism to terminate apnoeas. (rxpgnews.com)
  • The authors suggest that hear failure patients with CSA may have a "predisposition to hyperarousability," and in some there may be an underlying arousal disorder accompanied by sleep disruption that is neither a consequence of CSA nor of impaired cardiac function. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Persistent genital arousal disorder: a special sense neuropa. (lww.com)
  • Persistent genital arousal disorder is excessive unwanted unprovoked genital arousal. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Genital arousal disorder may result from a low level of estrogen after menopause or postpartum. (merckmanuals.com)
  • This 8 week at home study is designed to explore efficacy endpoints and evaluate the safety of intranasal Bremelanotide in women with Female Sexual Arousal Disorder. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • If it appears you're having confusional arousals or sleep drunkenness because you have some type of sleep disorder, treating that will likely put an end to them. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Arousal elicits exaggerated inhibition of sympathetic nerve activity in phobic syncope patients. (gu.se)
  • Previous research has found that sympathetic arousal will cue information stored in memory with a similar level of arousal. (ed.gov)
  • Researchers studied the time required for an individual to reach the peak of sexual arousal while watching sexually explicit movies or pictures and came to the conclusion that on average women and men took almost the same time for sexual arousal - around 10 minutes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previously, sex researchers have measured arousal with instruments that require genital contact and manipulation. (medindia.net)
  • Some researchers have suggested that it may be related to use of antidepressants, although this has not been verified, nor do all women who have persistent genital arousal syndrome have a history of antidepressant use. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Principal investigator, Douglas Bradley, professor of medicine at the University of Toronto said that researchers involved in the study were surprised that using CPAP to alleviate CSA had no effect on arousals and no effect on sleep structure. (rxpgnews.com)
  • What Causes Confusional Arousals or Sleep Drunkenness? (verywellhealth.com)
  • Confusional arousals are episodes in which a sleeping person wakes up-or seems to wake up-but behaves strangely. (verywellhealth.com)
  • In fact, a nickname for confusional arousal is 'sleep drunkenness. (verywellhealth.com)
  • What are the symptoms and causes of confusional arousals and how should it be diagnosed and treated? (verywellhealth.com)
  • Confusional arousals, or sleep drunkenness, are grouped with a number of sleep disorders called parasomnias. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Children, especially kids under 5, are most likely to experience confusional arousals as compared to adults. (verywellhealth.com)
  • According to the American Association of Sleep Medicine (AASM), around 17 percent of children have confusional arousals. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Besides kids, certain subsets of people are more likely than others to have confusional arousals and sleep drunkenness. (verywellhealth.com)
  • If you're a parent and have ever witnessed your child seem to wake up and 'stare right through you' or not respond when you say her name, in all likelihood she was having an episode of confusional arousal. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Adults who have confusional arousals sometimes come across as hostile or aggressive. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Confusional arousals are characterized by amnesia and are not typically remembered the next day. (verywellhealth.com)
  • If you're having confusional arousals or sleep drunkenness, you probably won't know unless someone witnesses them. (verywellhealth.com)
  • To confirm that you're having confusional arousals, the doctor will get a complete medical history from you and may have you keep a sleep diary for a couple of weeks and/or do an in-lab sleep study to observe things like your breathing rate and limb movements while you snooze. (verywellhealth.com)
  • There is a common belief that women need more time to achieve arousal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The young man was taught social skills for interacting with women and encouraged to use heterosexual pictures for sexual arousal. (psychologytoday.com)
  • A female equivalent of Viagra could soon be available to help women increase their sexual arousal, scientists claim. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • A new McGill University study that used thermal imaging technology for the first time ever to measure sexual arousal rates has turned the conventional wisdom that women become aroused more slowly than men on its head. (medindia.net)
  • Both the men and the women began showing arousal within 30 seconds. (medindia.net)
  • The men reached maximal arousal in 664.6 seconds (roughly ten minutes), the women in 743 seconds - a statistically negligible difference. (medindia.net)
  • For years, women who experienced persistent genital arousal and did decide to report it to their doctors were told it was all in their head and that they should seek psychiatric help. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Thus, an increase in genital vasocongestion, responding to erotic videos, are similar among women who report problems with arousal and women who report no problems with arousal. (cancersupportivecare.com)
  • Vigorelle® for Women renews interest in sex by intensifying arousal and delivering maximum sexual fulfillment. (vigorelle.com)
  • Reports of maladaptive cognitions and fears regarding sexuality and intercourse suggest that anxiety may interfere with sexual arousal in women with vaginismus. (wiley.com)
  • Sexuality is turned up full throttle in The Centaur's lavish production of Age of Arousal, a stylish, often outrageous and sometimes tedious take on how women relate to one another, and how a man can poison that relationship. (themetropolitain.ca)
  • The anatomy and physiology-and thus the innervation-of sexual arousal are dimorphic, but it has been studied almost exclusively in male patients, and the peripheral and spinal pathways and neurotransmitters mapped primarily in rodents. (lww.com)
  • Arousal is mediated by several neural systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Starting with a review of the neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and neurochemical components of arousal, Pfaff asks us to look at the gene networks and neural pathways underlying the brain's arousal systems much as a design engineer would contemplate information systems. (harvard.edu)
  • Thus, we outline an integrative neural reference space as a key first step in developing a more systematic understanding of central nervous system contributions to arousal. (nih.gov)
  • We forecast the importance of high-field neuroimaging in bridging this gap to examine how the various networks within the neural reference space for arousal operate across varieties of arousal-related phenomena. (nih.gov)
  • The DSM-5 describes non-rapid eye movement sleep arousal disorders as "recurrent episodes of incomplete awakening from sleep. (theravive.com)
  • When examined under an MRI, the brains of the men who received the hormone showed increased activity in the areas of the brain typically activated by sexual arousal and romance , and afterward reported a reduction in depressive symptoms. (aarp.org)
  • However, what if Jack - or some part of Jack's brain , more precisely - mistook the arousal he felt when he was afraid for sexual attraction ? (psychologytoday.com)
  • The hormone, called kisspeptin, was found to increase activity in areas of the brain normally stimulated by sexual arousal and romantic love. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When the men viewed sexual images, the team identified an increase in activity in brain regions that are usually stimulated by sexual arousal and love following the kisspeptin injection, but not after injection with the placebo. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In Brain Arousal and Information Theory , Donald Pfaff presents a daring perspective on this long-standing puzzle. (harvard.edu)
  • Employing the simple but powerful framework of information theory, Pfaff revolutionizes our understanding of arousal systems in the brain. (harvard.edu)
  • The arousal brain system is comprised by the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) and a descending network from the cortex to the spinal cord. (nature.com)
  • Also, the relaxed reserves in your nerves must be replenished and nutrition that supports changes in brain plasticity can be employed to help reset the arousal thermostat to a proper setting. (wellnessresources.com)
  • It could be the first medication to target the brain for improved sexual arousal. (howstuffworks.com)
  • The effects of the functional brain imaging of olfactory activity were measured and the comfortable scent for the individual subject was verified to be effective for maintaining the arousal level. (igi-global.com)
  • In effect, a relational frame approach explains sexual arousal patterns that involve more than a history of respondent or operant conditioning alone. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Because arousals involve such high energetic costs, one might assume their occurrence to be obligatory and adaptive. (biologists.org)
  • Another arousal system, the dopaminergic system, releases dopamine produced by the substantia nigra. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since aroused affiliation motivation was not associated with higher concentrations of norepinephrine, epinephrine, or cortisol in either study, it appears likely that dopamine is especially associated with arousal of affiliation motivation, just as norepinephrine has been found to be associated with arousal of power motivation. (springer.com)
  • Neurotransmitters of the arousal system, such as acetylcholine and norepinephrine, work to inhibit the ventrolateral preoptic area. (wikipedia.org)