Aromatherapy: The use of fragrances and essences from plants to affect or alter a person's mood or behavior and to facilitate physical, mental, and emotional well-being. The chemicals comprising essential oils in plants has a host of therapeutic properties and has been used historically in Africa, Asia, and India. Its greatest application is in the field of alternative medicine. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; from Dr. Atiba Vheir, Dove Center, Washington, D.C.)Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.Hypnosis: A state of increased receptivity to suggestion and direction, initially induced by the influence of another person.Ginger: Deciduous plant rich in volatile oil (OILS, VOLATILE). It is used as a flavoring agent and has many other uses both internally and topically.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Term Birth: CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Migraine Disorders: A class of disabling primary headache disorders, characterized by recurrent unilateral pulsatile headaches. The two major subtypes are common migraine (without aura) and classic migraine (with aura or neurological symptoms). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)Tryptamines: Decarboxylated monoamine derivatives of TRYPTOPHAN.Headache: The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.Headache Disorders: Various conditions with the symptom of HEADACHE. Headache disorders are classified into major groups, such as PRIMARY HEADACHE DISORDERS (based on characteristics of their headache symptoms) and SECONDARY HEADACHE DISORDERS (based on their etiologies). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)

Effects of olfactory stimuli on urge reduction in smokers. (1/19)

This study examined the possibility that exposure to olfactory stimuli can reduce self-reported urge to smoke. After an initial assessment of self-reported urge, nicotine-deprived smokers evaluated the pleasantness of a series of 8 odors. Facial expressions during odor presentations were coded with P. Ekman and W. V. Friesen's (1978a) Facial Action Coding System. After odor administration, participants were exposed to smoking cues. Next, participants were administered their most pleasant, least pleasant, or a control odor (water) and reported their urge to smoke. Results indicated that sniffing either a pleasant or unpleasant odor reduced reported urge to smoke relative to the control odor. Reported pleasantness of the odors did not differentially affect urge reduction. Odors eliciting negative-affect-related expressions, however, were less effective than odors that did not elicit negative-affect-related expressions in reducing reported urge. Results of this preliminary investigation provide support for the consideration of odor stimuli as an approach to craving reduction.  (+info)

Aromatherapy: a systematic review. (2/19)

Aromatherapy is becoming increasingly popular; however there are few clear indications for its use. To systematically review the literature on aromatherapy in order to discover whether any clinical indication may be recommended for its use, computerised literature searches were performed to retrieve all randomised controlled trials of aromatherapy from the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, British Nursing Index, CISCOM, and AMED. The methodological quality of the trials was assessed using the Jadad score. All trials were evaluated independently by both authors and data were extracted in a pre-defined, standardised fashion. Twelve trials were located: six of them had no independent replication; six related to the relaxing effects of aromatherapy combined with massage. These studies suggest that aromatherapy massage has a mild, transient anxiolytic effect. Based on a critical assessment of the six studies relating to relaxation, the effects of aromatherapy are probably not strong enough for it to be considered for the treatment of anxiety. The hypothesis that it is effective for any other indication is not supported by the findings of rigorous clinical trials.  (+info)

A randomized trial of aromatherapy to reduce anxiety before abortion. (3/19)

CONTEXT: Interest in the use of alternative therapies to reduce anxiety in patients undergoing medical interventions is increasing. We sought to assess the effectiveness of aromatherapy involving essential oils in reducing preoperative anxiety in women undergoing abortions. SETTING: An urban, free-standing abortion clinic in Vancouver, BC. PATIENTS: 66 women waiting for surgical abortions. DESIGN: A double blind, randomized trial. INTERVENTION: Ten minutes spent sniffing a numbered container with either a mixture of the essential oils vetivert, bergamot, and geranium (treatment arm) or a hair conditioner (placebo). OUTCOME MEASURES: Anxiety was measured before and after the intervention by using a verbal anxiety scale from 0 to 10. RESULTS: The anxiety score was reduced by 1.0 point (5.0 to 4.0) in the aromatherapy group and by 1.1 points (6.1 to 5.0) in the placebo group (P = 0.71). The 95% CI on the 0.1 greater decrease in anxiety for the placebo group extends from 0.55 less (favors aromatherapy) to 0.75 greater (favors placebo). CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy involving essential oils is no more effective than having patients sniff other pleasant odors in reducing preprocedure anxiety.  (+info)

The influence of essential oils on human attention. I: alertness. (4/19)

Scientific research on the effects of essential oils on human behavior lags behind the promises made by popular aromatherapy. Nearly all aspects of human behavior are closely linked to processes of attention, the basic level being that of alertness, which ranges from sleep to wakefulness. In our study we measured the influence of essential oils and components of essential oils [peppermint, jasmine, ylang-ylang, 1,8-cineole (in two different dosages) and menthol] on this core attentional function, which can be experimentally defined as speed of information processing. Substances were administered by inhalation; levels of alertness were assessed by measuring motor and reaction times in a reaction time paradigm. The performances of the six experimental groups receiving substances (n = 20 in four groups, n = 30 in two groups) were compared with those of corresponding control groups receiving water. Between-group analysis, i.e. comparisons between experimental groups and their respective control groups, mainly did not reach statistical significance. However, within-group analysis showed complex correlations between subjective evaluations of substances and objective performance, indicating that effects of essentials oils or their components on basic forms of attentional behavior are mainly psychological.  (+info)

Inhalation aromatherapy during radiotherapy: results of a placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial. (5/19)

PURPOSE: To determine whether the inhalation of aromatherapy during radiotherapy reduces anxiety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred thirteen patients undergoing radiotherapy were randomly assigned to receive either carrier oil with fractionated oils, carrier oil only, or pure essential oils of lavender, bergamot, and cedarwood administered by inhalation concurrently with radiation treatment. Patients underwent assessment by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Somatic and Psychological Health Report (SPHERE) at baseline and at treatment completion. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in HADS depression or SPHERE scores between the randomly assigned groups. However, HADS anxiety scores were significantly lower at treatment completion in the carrier oil only group compared with either of the fragrant arms (P =.04). CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy, as administered in this study, is not beneficial.  (+info)

Use of aromatherapy (with or without hypnosis) in the treatment of intractable epilepsy--a two-year follow-up study. (6/19)

We have been trying the effect of aromatherapy (with or without hypnosis) in patients with intractable epilepsy who ask for it. This is a report of the first 100 patients to try the treatment, followed up for at least two years after the treatment ended. It is important to remember that this was a treatment for people who had asked for it and for whom time and a therapist was available. It was not a controlled trial but was carried out when we could and at a time when we were experimenting with the best way of using it. Results must therefore be treated with caution and with due regard to other therapeutic factors that may be implicated in the results, both good and bad. We assume that the result (with over a third of the patients using aromatherapy with or without hypnosis becoming seizure free for at least a year) as being the best that could be achieved and likely to be less in a properly controlled trial. Of the three treatments tried (aromatherapy on its own, aromatherapy plus hypnosis and hypnosis without aromatherapy), aromatherapy plus hypnosis seems to have had the best and most lasting effect (a third of patients still seizure free at two years), but was the most labour intensive and needed medical therapist input. Aromatherapy itself might be best reserved as a short-term treatment for people going through a bad time with their seizures. A fuller and more lasting effect may be obtained with aromatherapy plus hypnosis, but this needs a patient who is prepared to put much time and personal effort into the treatment.  (+info)

The essential oil from Angelica gigas NAKAI suppresses nicotine sensitization. (7/19)

Behavioral sensitization, as evidenced by the progressive enhanced locomotor response to a subsequent injection of the drug, is the major behavioral outcome produced by repeated injections of nicotine, and a model for studying drug addiction. It is putatively regarded that the alteration of extracellular dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens is closely associated with nicotine-induced behavioral sensitization. The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of the essential oil from Angelica gigas NAKAI (on fragrance inhalation) on repeated nicotine-induced locomotor activity and extracellular dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens of rats using in vivo microdialysis. Rats were given repeated injections of saline or nicotine (0.4 mg/kg s.c., twice a day for 7 d), followed by one challenge injection on the 4th day after the last daily injection. Systemic challenge with nicotine (0.4 mg/kg s.c.) produced a larger increase in locomotor activity in nicotine-pretreated rats than in saline-pretreated rats. A direct local challenge of 3 mM nicotine via a microdialysis probe also induced a larger increase in dopamine release in nicotine-pretreated rats than in saline-pretreated rats. Most importantly, our results showed that inhalation of the essential oils from Angelica gigas NAKAI significantly decreased both dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens and locomotor activity induced by a nicotine challenge. These results suggest that the essential oils from Angelica gigas NAKAI inhibit nicotine-induced behavioral and neurochemical sensitization, and imply that the essential oil from Angelica gigas NAKAI may be effective in treating nicotine addiction, possibly by modulating dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens.  (+info)

Effectiveness of aromatherapy massage in the management of anxiety and depression in patients with cancer: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. (8/19)

PURPOSE: To test the effectiveness of supplementing usual supportive care with aromatherapy massage in the management of anxiety and depression in cancer patients through a pragmatic two-arm randomized controlled trial in four United Kingdom cancer centers and a hospice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred eighty-eight cancer patients, referred to complementary therapy services with clinical anxiety and/or depression, were allocated randomly to a course of aromatherapy massage or usual supportive care alone. RESULTS: Patients who received aromatherapy massage had no significant improvement in clinical anxiety and/or depression compared with those receiving usual care at 10 weeks postrandomization (odds ratio [OR], 1.3; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.7; P = .1), but did at 6 weeks postrandomization (OR, 1.4; 95% CI, 1.1 to 1.9; P = .01). Patients receiving aromatherapy massage also described greater improvement in self-reported anxiety at both 6 and 10 weeks postrandomization (OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 0.2 to 6.7; P = .04 and OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 0.2 to 6.6; P = .04), respectively. CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy massage does not appear to confer benefit on cancer patients' anxiety and/or depression in the long-term, but is associated with clinically important benefit up to 2 weeks after the intervention.  (+info)

  • If done correctly, aromatherapy is a very safe practice. (unh.edu)
  • However, many massage therapists , Naturopaths , Acupuncturists are cosmeticians trained in aromatherapy and use it within their practice. (unh.edu)
  • In a study published in Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice , American researchers found that high-risk postpartum women responded well to aromatherapy . (naturalnews.com)
  • My mentor, Dr. Jean Claude Lapraz, is an eminent French physician who has successfully used Aromatherapy in his practice since 1973. (avalonpom.com)
  • At an aromatherapy session, the practitioner will ask about your medical history and symptoms, as well any scents you may like. (umm.edu)
  • The ancient Greeks, Chinese, and Egyptians were extracting plants for perfumes and topical ointments long before diffusers hit the market, but the science of aromatherapy didn't begin until the 1920s. (alorecovery.com)
  • As frustrated Americans search for alternatives to chemical products, holistic practices like Aromatherapy are quickly gaining popularity in the U.S. as well. (avalonpom.com)
  • Aromatherapy and relaxation treatments will look at a sensitized central nervous system and interrupt your pain cycle enabling your nervous system to function normally, thus reducing pain. (dtmclinic.ie)
  • In the future, however, she would be interested in designing research to examine how aromatherapy can be used to treat/heal burns caused from radiation treatment safely and effectively, soothe pre-treatment anxiety and manage loss-of-memory issues in cancer survivors. (emaxhealth.com)
  • We can find many ways in our every day activities to incorporate the benefits of aromatherapy: to invigorate and stimulate upon rising, to soothe and to calm at the close of a busy day. (kelownaspa.ca)
  • Cherie Perez, a supervising research nurse in the Department of Genitourinary Medical Oncology, teaches a monthly aromatherapy class to answer those questions for cancer patients and caregivers undergoing treatment at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Results: Pruritus scores were significantly reduced after aromatherapy treatment. (aromachat.com)
  • A 2002 report from Korea showed that aromatherapy massage with lavender oil and tea tree oil on patients undergoing hemodialysis for kidney failure received relief from the itching the treatment often causes. (aromachat.com)
  • Perez, who first became involved with aromatherapy to help relieve the physical pain and discomfort caused by fibromyalgia, shares her professional knowledge of the basics of aromatherapy, safety precautions and interactive demonstrations in each hour-long class. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Researchers are not entirely clear how aromatherapy may work. (umm.edu)
  • Aromatherapy is used in a wide range of settings -- from health spas to hospitals -- to treat a variety of conditions. (umm.edu)
  • Aromatherapy is the doorway to optimum health and vitality. (kelownaspa.ca)
  • Aromatherapy can be used to treat or lessen symptoms of stress-related conditions such as headaches and insomnia and to ease discomfort associated with pregnancy and childbirth. (unh.edu)
  • Today, aromatherapy is used in North America and Europe, particularly in France, for its therapeutic qualities. (unh.edu)
  • For centuries people have derived therapeutic benefits from aromatherapy to both their physical and psychological wellbeing. (blogarama.com)
  • Some studies show benefit with aromatherapy as part of therapeutic massage . (mskcc.org)
  • Aromatherapy can be a particularly efficacious treatment for hot flashes because it has therapeutic mechanisms that are similar to the physiological mechanisms of hot flashes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Aromatherapy is the practice of using naturally extracted essences of aromatic plants to promote the health and well-being of your body, mind and emotions. (massagemag.com)
  • The truth is that the history of aromatherapy is deeply linked with the progress of aromatic medicine, which in its initial stages was typically combined with religion, mysticism and magic. (massagemag.com)
  • To help decongest the sinuses and relieve the inflammation, there are a number of aromatic herbs that you can use in an aromatherapy treatment. (livestrong.com)
  • The use of aromatherapy for healing dates back 5,000 years to the Egyptians and their use of aromatic herbs for incense burning. (livestrong.com)
  • Aromatherapy treatment uses aromatic, volatile extracts of plants, as a form of medicine, which is related to and derived from but not the same as herbal medicine . (alternativevet.org)
  • The scent itself is the main part of Aromatherapy Candles and these are also known as pure or scented. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Lavender (steam distilled): The most popular aromatherapy oil, lavender is known for its soothing, floral scent. (prweb.com)
  • Using our quick recipe, you can make your own aromatherapy insomnia treatment, and you can tailor its scent to your own preferences. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Aromatherapy goes far deeper into the healing qualities of plants than just their scent. (wikihow.com)
  • The Wellbeing Ritual Aromatherapy Balms are about taking mindful moments for yourself throughout your busy day and using scent as a mental trigger to transition to your desired mindstate. (vivaterra.com)
  • Rated 5 out of 5 by Erin1234 from Soothing Scent This is my favorite aromatherapy scent! (bathandbodyworks.com)
  • Rated 5 out of 5 by C4ASAUROUS from best sleep scent yet Normally I'm a fan of the lavender and vanilla scented lotions or cream for bedtime, but this has to be my absolute favorite of ths aromatherapy collection such a pleasant scent before bedtime, plus how much it softens my skin overnight. (bathandbodyworks.com)
  • A writer, photographer, consultant, and teacher specializing in aromatherapy and herbs for over 25 years, she has written several books, including Aromatherapy: The Complete Guide to the Healing Art and Pocket Guide to Aromatherapy, and has written over 150 articles for such magazines as New Age Journal, The Herb Companion, and New Herbal Remedies. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Aromatherapy: mythical, magical, or medicinal? (springer.com)
  • I don't think anything I say in my aromatherapy entry precludes belief in the medicinal properties of some vapors. (skepdic.com)
  • Medicinal claims for aromatherapy products are not permitted unless the product is a licensed medicine (rules 12.1 and 12.11). (asa.org.uk)
  • Additionally, marketers wishing to claim that aromatherapy or plant essences have an anti-viral or anti-bacterial action should take care to avoid making medicinal claims for unlicensed products. (asa.org.uk)
  • By way of the sense of smell, aromatherapy may communicate to parts of the brain that produce certain chemicals like serotonin and dopamine, which may have calming effects or reduce pain. (mskcc.org)
  • So whether you want to rejuvenate or simply smell delicious, we say aromatherapy just makes sense! (spafinder.com)
  • The study will have four groups: aromatherapy, yogatherapy, both therapies and control-placebo group. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Aromatherapy is a derivative of herbal medicine , which is itself a subset of the biological or nature-based complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies . (cancer.gov)
  • Aromatherapy is currently used worldwide in the management of chronic pain, depression, anxiety, some cognitive disorders, insomnia and stress-related disorders. (springer.com)
  • In one large trial, cancer patients who received aromatherapy massage had benefits in anxiety or depression for up to 2 weeks afterwards. (mskcc.org)
  • Overall, current research suggests that aromatherapy is popular among patients to address symptoms such as poor sleep, pain, nausea, and anxiety. (mskcc.org)
  • The most consistently found effect of massage or aromatherapy massage was on anxiety. (mendeley.com)
  • Contradictory evidence exists as to any additional benefit on anxiety conferred by the addition of aromatherapy. (mendeley.com)
  • REVIEWERS' CONCLUSIONS: Massage and aromatherapy massage confer short term benefits on psychological wellbeing, with the effect on anxiety supported by limited evidence. (mendeley.com)
  • Inhaled aromatherapy has become a popular, gentle treatment to reduce mild anxiety. (epnet.com)
  • Aromatherapy for Healing the Spirit provides help for a wide range of common emotional and mental complaints--including depression, low energy, lack of concentration, poor memory, anxiety, and low self-esteem. (innertraditions.com)
  • We would like to see if aromatherapy affects a woman's experience of childbirth by lowering associated anxiety and pain. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Human clinical trials have investigated aromatherapy primarily in the treatment of stress and anxiety in patients with critical illnesses or in other hospitalized patients. (cancer.gov)
  • In the future, however, she would be interested in designing research to examine how aromatherapy can be used to treat/heal burns caused from radiation treatment safely and effectively, soothe pre-treatment anxiety and manage loss-of-memory issues in cancer survivors. (emaxhealth.com)
  • It is commonly understood that Gattefosse founded the science of aromatherapy in 1928. (everydayhealth.com)
  • Items in Aromatherapy by Tranquility shop on eBay. (ebay.co.uk)
  • Sinus, tension, & migraine are three types of headaches that may be amenable to natural headache relief methods via aromatherapy. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Using soothing aromatherapy ingredients, the contents are all natural and will bring you relief from the itching. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Cellulite Dissolving, Fluid Reducing Aromatherapy Dead Sea Bath Salts - 'Skinny Bath' - With Natural, Organic Ingredients. (hubpages.com)
  • An over the counter medication might work to relieve the pain, but the natural healing of aromatherapy for headaches can accomplish the same result without side effects or without subjecting your body to unknown or chemical agents. (wikihow.com)
  • Use the healing abilities of the natural world to cure your headache with aromatherapy. (wikihow.com)
  • Aromatherapy offers a natural option to treat headache pain. (massagemag.com)
  • Aromatherapy is a holistic, natural way of healing many disorders. (healthandyoga.com)
  • Aromatherapy Associates' Polishing Brush is made with super soft natural Cactus Sisal bristles and has a hand strap making it easy to use. (net-a-porter.com)
  • Our 100% natural, essential oil based Aromatherapy Balm is mess-free and won't leak or spill in your bag. (vivaterra.com)
  • It explains how aromatherapy may benefit you and how to access this natural therapy. (kiwifamilies.co.nz)
  • Aromatherapy is a fast growing natural therapy that is becoming highly popular with many people. (kiwifamilies.co.nz)
  • Horses, being such sensitive and natural creatures, respond wonderfully to the use of aromatherapy, even showing an ability and willingness to 'choose' their remedy. (alternativevet.org)
  • The author's experience as a medical doctor and clinical aromatherapy practitioner have enabled her to write a highly informative guide for those who want to utilize the healing benefits of these natural plant essences. (smashwords.com)
  • Most citrus fruits used for aromatherapy are known for their stimulating properties but bergamot begs to differ. (odemagazine.com)
  • In the healthcare setting, aromatherapy is increasingly common in hospitals, nursing homes, and hospice care, usually administered by nurses, to relieve patients' symptoms. (healthcentral.com)
  • Aromatherapy may promote relaxation and help relieve stress . (northshore.org)
  • Perez, who first became involved with aromatherapy to help relieve the physical pain and discomfort caused by fibromyalgia, shares her professional knowledge of the basics of aromatherapy, safety precautions and interactive demonstrations in each hour-long class. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Unfortunately, most published studies on aromatherapy fail even to achieve this level of rigor, falling far below minimal scientific standards of reliability. (epnet.com)
  • Our Peppermint Oil is produced using either steam distillation or cold pressing, to assure you of the purest aromatherapy experience. (ecochildsplay.com)
  • There is currently no reliable evidence to support the use of other aromatherapies such as peppermint oil to treat postoperative nausea and vomiting. (nih.gov)
  • Aromatherapy for Healing the Spirit is an excellent resource for anyone interested in expanding his or her devotional life through the senses. (innertraditions.com)
  • Aromatherapy also encourages emotional peace and calm with a gently calming effect on mind, body and emotions 2 . (massagemag.com)
  • Today, aromatherapy is an effective way to heal emotions and physical distress. (livestrong.com)
  • We included all randomized controlled trials ( RCTs ) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) where aromatherapy was used to treat postoperative nausea and vomiting . (nih.gov)