A genus of root and butt rot fungi in the family Tricholomataceae that produce rhizomorphs and are facultatively parasitic. Many species are pathogenic to trees causing Armillaria root disease.
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NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
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A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE which depends on the fungus Armillaria mellea to complete its life cycle. It is an ingredient of Zhenxuanyin (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).
A plant genus of the family ACERACEAE, best known for trees with palmately lobed leaves.
A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.
An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.
An autosomal recessive inherited disorder with multiple forms of phenotypic expression, caused by a defect in the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain amino acids (AMINO ACIDS, BRANCHED-CHAIN). These metabolites accumulate in body fluids and render a "maple syrup" odor. The disease is divided into classic, intermediate, intermittent, and thiamine responsive subtypes. The classic form presents in the first week of life with ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, emesis, neonatal seizures, and hypertonia. The intermediate and intermittent forms present in childhood or later with acute episodes of ataxia and vomiting. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p936)
A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
A genus of basidiomyceteous fungi in the family POLYPORACEAE found mostly on living trees or dead wood.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of edible fruits such as apricot, plum, peach, cherry, and almond.
The body of a fungus which is made up of HYPHAE.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.
Resinous substances which most commonly originate from trees. In addition to resins, they contain oils, cinnamic acid and BENZOIC ACID.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen, pyramidal trees with whorled branches and thin, scaly bark. Each of the linear, spirally arranged leaves is jointed near the stem on a separate woody base.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.
A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE.
Several plant species of the genus VACCINIUM known for the edible blueberry fruit.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.
A plant species in the PIPERACEAE plant family. It is a common spice on foods and is used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs. Piperine is a key component. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water.
The sumac plant family in the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and woody vines that have resin ducts in the bark. The sap of many of the species is irritating to the skin.
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE that contains steroidal glycosides.
A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
A plant genus of the family GROSSULARIACEAE. GAMMA-LINOLENIC ACID is obtained from the black currant oil of the seeds.
A common spice from fruit of PIPER NIGRUM. Black pepper is picked unripe and heaped for a few days to ferment. White Pepper is the ripe fruit dehulled by maceration in water. Piperine is a key component used medicinally to increase gastrointestinal assimilation of other supplements and drugs.

Survival of plant pathogens in static piles of ground green waste. (1/12)

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Genetic diversity of Armillaria spp. infecting highbush blueberry in northern Italy (Trentino region). (2/12)

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Armillaria mellea induces a set of defense genes in grapevine roots and one of them codifies a protein with antifungal activity. (3/12)

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Taxonomy of Armillaria in the Patagonian forests of Argentina. (4/12)

The taxonomy of Armillaria in southern South America has received little attention since the work of Singer and others. In this study we examine the morphological traits and cultural features for taxa representing the lineages revealed based on molecular phylogeny, and we link them to previously described taxa based on morphology. Lineages I-IV were identified as Armillaria novae-zelandiae, A. montagnei, A. umbrinobrunnea comb. nov. and A. sparrei respectively. They could be differentiated morphologically based on dimension, features of the epicutis, annulus, stipe, hymenophoral trama and flavor and characteristics in culture. Furthermore there was no evidence of host preference for the species recognized. This is the first study integrating the phylogeny and morphology of Armillaria species from Patagonia, and it provides a foundation for future research on these fungi in South America.  (+info)

Contrasting patterns of genetic diversity and population structure of Armillaria mellea sensu stricto in the eastern and western United States. (5/12)

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Sequence-based identification of Japanese Armillaria species using the elongation factor-1 alpha gene. (6/12)

We analyzed the sequences of three DNA regions-the translation elongation factor-1 alpha (EF-1 alpha) gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and intergenic spacer (IGS) regions of ribosomal DNA-to compare their accuracy in identifying species of Japanese Armillaria. We studied 49 isolates of eight Armillaria species, A. mellea, A. ostoyae, A. nabsnona, A. cepistipes, A. gallica, A. sinapina, A. tabescens and the biological species Nagasawa E (Nag. E). Phylogenetic analyses of the ITS and IGS data helped in identifying A. mellea, A. ostoyae, A. nabsnona, A. tabescens and Nag. E but could not be used to identify A. gallica, A. cepistipes and A. sinapina. Nevertheless our analysis showed that the EF-1 alpha gene was clearly different in the eight examined species. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) of the IGS-1 region could be used to distinguish most species, but the RFLP profiles of some isolates of A. cepistipes and A. sinapina were the same even with four different restriction enzymes. In conclusion, among the techniques examined in this study, analyzing the EF-1 alpha sequence was found to be the most suitable method for identifying different species of Japanese Armillaria.  (+info)

Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation for investigation of somatic recombination in the fungal pathogen Armillaria mellea. (7/12)

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Cloning and characterization of an Armillaria gallica cDNA encoding protoilludene synthase, which catalyzes the first committed step in the synthesis of antimicrobial melleolides. (8/12)

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Literature Cited. 1. Adaskaveg, J. E., Forster, H., Wade, L., Thompson, D. F., and Connell, J. H. 1999. Efficacy of sodium tetrathiocarbonate and propiconazole in managing Armillaria root rot of almond on peach rootstock. Plant Dis. 83:240-246. 2. Aytoun, R. S. C. 1953. The genus Trichoderma: its relationship with Armillaria mellea (Vahl ex Fries) Quel. and Polyporus schweinitzii Fr., together with preliminary observations on its ecology in woodland soils. Trans. Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinb. 36:99-114. 3. Beckman, T. G., Chaparro, J. X., and Sherman, W. B. 2008. Sharpe, a clonal plum rootstock for peach. HortScience 43:2236-2237. 4. Birmingham, W. H. 1931. Armillaria root rot of fruit trees. N. S. W. Dep. Agric. Plant Dis. Leaflet 18:1-4. 5. Bliss, D. E. 1951. Destruction of Armillaria mellea in citrus soil. Phytopathology 41:665-683. 6. Bliss, D. E. 1944. Controlling Armillaria root rot in citrus. Lithoprint#50. Univ. of California Agric. Exp. Stn., Berkeley, CA.. 7. Cox, K. D., and Scherm, H. ...
Since fruiting body morphology proved difficult, other avenues of research were followed. The most productive was placing single spores of different fungi in agar medium and seeing whether they would mate. If they did mate, two specimens were considered to be the same biological species. You can read about the details of how this was accomplished in The state of taxonomy of the genus Armillaria, but the end result was that there are TEN North American Biological Species (NABS) and five European Biological species (EBS), along with many other biological species from around the world. Theres a chart of these accepted species here. NABS I was associated with a specimen of Armillaria ostoyae collected and described (as Armillariella ostoyae) by Romagnesi in France in 1970, mainly because European Armillaria researchers were far ahead of those in the Americas. However, they neglected a species described by Charles H. Peck in 1900, which we show in a recently published paper to be NABS I. Because the ...
The tea plant, Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze is an important crop in the agriculturally based economy of Kenya. It ranks second to tourism as an earner of foreign exchange and provides a livelihood for more than a million people. There are a number of diseases affecting the tea plant but the most prevalent is armillaria root rot caused by the fungus Armillaria mellea. Trichoderma species is an imperfecti fungi and is reported to be antagonistic against Amillaria mellea and Mycena citricolor fungus, the causative agents of armillaria root rot in tea and American leaf spot disease of coffee, respectively. The first part of the study discusses the effects of the crude extracts and isolated compounds from Trichoderma species on the test organisms; Paecilomyces variotii, Penicillium notatum, Nematospora corylii, Mucor miehei, Bacillus brevis, Bacillus subtilis, Enterobacter dissolvens, Sarcina lutea and Armillaria mellea. The crude culture broth extracts and pure compounds isolated from ...
Mortality from Armillaria root rot is a major concern of forest management. Field experiments were conducted in Minnesota to evaluate interspecific differential susceptibility and to assess whether density or species composition, specifically the proportion of conifers in a plot, influences seedling mortality from Armillaria spp. Seedlings of 10 tree species (six conifers and four hardwoods) were planted at four densities in several species mixtures on recently logged sites. Species differed significantly in susceptibility (p , 0.0001); balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.), tamarack (Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch), and black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) showed the greatest infection and mortality. Hardwood species and eastern white pine (Pinus strobus L.) showed negligible mortality. There was a trend (p = 0.1) toward increased root infection with increasing density of the three species that showed significant mortality. Their mortality rates were 5.6, 8.7, 10.2, and 10.8% in plots ...
Let me tell you about the first time I saw Armillaria nabsnona-- although of course I didnt know it at the time. I was in the Hoh Rain Forest, which is along the Hoh River on the west side of Mount Olympus in Olympic National Park. I was luck enough to stay in the VIP cabins right there on sight and earlier that morning I was awakened by a herd of Roosevelt Elk just outside my door. The mist was rising off the mountains, and it was a rare clear day, so I decided to take the trail through the moss covered maples. In front of me appeared a mass of several hundred Armillaria fruiting bodies on an old bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) log (about 1 meter diameter) that had fallen across the trail. I noticed that this specimen looked very different from any of the others I had seen thus far. Needless to say I was very excited! I took about 10 pictures of it and examined it very closely in the field before I collected some of the specimens (enough for a type!) and returned to the cabin to make ...
Common Names of Plant Diseases...David R. Jones, collator (last update 10/9/97) Alligator skin Light abrasions on fruit peel caused by leaves or bracts Anthracnose Colletotrichum musae (Berk. & M. A. Curtis) Arx Armillaria corn rot Armillaria mellea (Vahl:Fr.) P. Kumm. Armillaria tabescens (Scop.) Dennis, Orton & Ho...
The Armillaria species are the natural soil co-creators of forests, some of their plants are the largest and the longest living creatures of the Earths surface. They include white rotting fungi, which can break down all the major molecular components of the plant cell wall so they play a fundamental role in ensuring the natural circulation of nutrients necessary for inland life (Hetala: Forests, 6,3304,2015). Some Armillaria species, however, are among the most serious forest-damaging fungi. They attack and destroy trees that are weak in their resistance, and after the host plant dies, they completely break down the woods tissues (Baumgartner: Mol. Plant Pathol., 12,515,2011). Last year, the role of the Armillaria species also occurred in the destruction of the forests of the Keszthely Mountains.. The defense against their damage is difficult to accomplish because the pathogen can survive in woody residues in the soil for a long time. Chemical protection in forestry has a number of adverse ...
Found largely in temperate and tropical climates, currently there are known more than 75 species[1] of bioluminescent fungi, all of which are members of the order Agaricales (Basidiomycota) with one exceptional ascomycete belonging to the order Xylariales.[2] All known bioluminescent Agaricales are mushroom-forming, white-spored agarics that belong to four distinct evolutionary lineages. The Omphalotus lineage (comprising the genera Omphalotus and Neonothopanus) contains 12 species, the Armillaria lineage has 10 known species, while the Mycenoid lineage (Mycena, Panellus, Prunulus, Roridomyces) has more than 50 species. The recently discovered Lucentipes lineage contains two species, Mycena lucentipes and Gerronema viridilucens, which belong to a family that has not yet been formally named.[3] Armillaria mellea is the most widely distributed of the luminescent fungi, found across Asia, Europe, North America, and South Africa.[4] Bioluminescent fungi emit a greenish light at a wavelength of ...
Bioluminescence has previously been documented for at least 60 species of white-spored members of the Basidiomycota including four species of the wood-decay genus ,i,Armillaria,/i, (i.e., ,i,A. gallica,/i,, ,i,A. mellea,/i,, ,i,A. ostoyae,/i, and ,i,A. tabescens,/i,). Using a Sens-Tech photomultiplier to measure mycelial luminescence, light production is reported for the first time for ,i,A. calvescens,/i,, ,i,A. cepistipes,/i,, ,i,A. gemina,/i,, ,i,A. nabsnona,/i,, and ,i,A. sinapina,/i,. Using series of 1000 consecutive luminescence measurements for the nine ,i,Armillaria,/i, species, luminescence dynamics were found to have quantifiable structure and were not simply white noise processes (i.e., significant Bartletts Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistics in all cases). Mycelia of eight of nine ,i,Armillaria,/i, species exhibited transient and/or statistically significant stable changes in luminescence magnitude in response to a series of mechanical shocks of 200 N applied by a chiropractic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Insights into the phylogeny of Northern Hemisphere Armillaria. T2 - Neighbor-net and Bayesian analyses of translation elongation factor 1-α gene sequences. AU - Klopfenstein, Ned B.. AU - Stewart, Jane E.. AU - Ota, Yuko. AU - Hanna, John W.. AU - Richardson, Bryce A.. AU - Ross-Davis, Amy L.. AU - Elías-Román, Rubén. D.. AU - Korhonen, Kari. AU - Keča, Nenad. AU - Iturritxa, Eugenia. AU - Alvarado-Rosales, Dionicio. AU - Solheim, Halvor. AU - Brazee, Nicholas J.. AU - Łakomy, Piotr. AU - Cleary, Michelle R.. AU - Hasegawa, Eri. AU - Kikuchi, Taisei. AU - Garza-Ocañas, Fortunato. AU - Tsopelas, Panaghiotis. AU - Rigling, Daniel. AU - Prospero, Simone. AU - Tsykun, Tetyana. AU - Bérubé, Jean A.. AU - Stefani, Franck O. P.. AU - Jafarpour, Saeideh. AU - Antonín, Vladimír. AU - Tomšovský, Michal. AU - McDonald, Geral I.. AU - Woodward, Stephen. AU - Kim, Mee-Sook. N1 - Acknowledgments The project was supported by USDA Forest Service-RMRS, Forest Woodland Ecosystems ...
Picture Archives - Album 1890 (Saint Petersburg - Toksovo, Russia, August 28 - 29, 2016) - Photo 24 (Yellowish honey mushrooms Armillaria borealis(?). Oselki, south from Saint Petersburg, Russia, August 29, 2016)
Tree diseases come in many forms. Some, like the heart and root rot pathogen Ganoderma, destroy the life sustaining vascular system and heartwood which is the very structure of a tree. The fruiting body can be seen by the naked eye. Unfortunately for a tree, when this fruiting body appears, it is usually a sign of advanced damage to the tree. Any landscape tree showing this symptom should be evaluated for hazard status.. Others, like a canker growing beneath the bark in the sapwood of a tree, may be initially noticed as bleeding on a tree trunk or branch. The extent of damage can be seen by cutting away at the bark layer. These symptoms are common of oak root fungus (Armillaria mellea) and Phytophthora species.. Oak root fungus disease is common on coast live oak trees that are growing in an environment which is being watered in summer months. Fungus thrives in warm moist environments. Lawns and high water use plants growing in the root zones of these tree are a problem.. ...
Honey Fungus (Armillaria mellea) is parasitic fungus responsible for the death of many trees and shrubs in the New Forest and for which there is no effective means of control.. However, it is a perfectly natural occurrence in relatively unmanaged areas of woodland here. Dead and dying trees all contribute to the biodiversity and unique character of the Forest. Fungi can enable trees to thrive - but they have the potential to eventually destroy them.. There are several species of Honey Fungus - some more pathogenic than others. They cause intensive white rot. This particular species can be very variable and the cap size can be 3-15 cm across, convex then flattened tawny to dark brown with brown scales at its centre. The white spores produced by the gills can often be seen covering the surrounding area with what appears to be a white powder, especially in the summer to early winter. It will grow in dense clusters around trunks or stumps, and in the New Forest its presence is probably most often ...
Found the following fungi at 3600-3700 feet elevation in Clackamas County, OR on 8/24/2000. It is interesting to me that all these fungi, found the same day, have economic value, and all are mycorrhizal (with the possible exception of Lentinus tigrinus). Dentinum repandum (Hedgehog) Armillaria mellea Boletus edulis Cantharellus formosus Russula xerampelina Russula, 4 brown cap, not keyed out yet Lentinus tigrinus Rhizopogon vinicolor (approx. 4 lbs.) An interesting side note is that the Rhizopogon vinicolor, ubiquitous in second-growth forests, was found under very old-growth forest (basal tree diameter 8 plus). Rhizopogon vinicolor is one of the easiest truffles to cultivate, is edible (but not generally considered choice), a relative of Suillus mushrooms, and at this particular site can be quite large: up to 4 diameter! Four pounds of Rhizopogons translates to enough inoculant to treat about 4-8 billion seedling trees, when applied as a simple slurry added to the watering system. As one ...
Medicinal mushrooms have been essential components of traditional Chinese herbal medicines for thousands of years, and they protect against diverse health-related conditions. The components responsible for their anti-inflammatory activity have yet to be fully studied. This study investigates the anti-inflammatory activity of n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts of mycelia in submerged culture from 5 commercially available medicinal mushrooms, namely Cephalosporium sinensis, Cordyceps mortierella, Hericium erinaceus, Ganoderma lucidum, and Armillaria mellea. MTT colorimetric assay was applied to measure the cytotoxic effects of different extracts. Their anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated via inhibition against production of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) in murine macrophage-like cell line RAW264.7 cells. Of the 20 extracts, n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts from C. sinensis, C. mortierella, and G. lucidum; chloroform ...
Math a rhywogaeth o ffwng yn nheulur Tricholomataceae ywr Ffwng melog (Lladin: Armillaria mellea; Saesneg: Honey Fungus).[1] Y Ffyngau Melog ywr enw ar lafar ar y grwp maer ffwng yman perthyn iddo, ond nid ywn derm gwyddonol. Tebyg i fêl, llawn mêl, neu felys yw melog. Ceir enw Cymraeg arall ar y rhywogaeth hon, sef Careiaur coed. Maer teulu Tricholomataceae yn gorwedd o fewn urdd yr Agaricales. Mae bywoleuni (neu bioymoleuedd) yn cael ei gynhyrchu ai allyrru gan y rhywogaeth hon, a cheir grwp o ffyngau tebyg. Ceir hefyd rhai bacteria, a llawer o organebau eraill syn cynhyrchu bywoleuni. Maer rhywogaeth hon o ffwng iw chael yn Ewrop, Asia, Affrica a Gogledd America. ...
Honey fungus has a bad reputation which is mostly undeserved. Its just making a living out there in the woods, turning a fading generation of trees into ... the next generation of trees. We need Honey Fungus! Honey Fungus, Armillaria mellea. Nikon D5200 Tokina 100mm f16 1/180 ISO 100
Skip Movie download that the acetylation might Add other to genetic odd scientists when delineating spun without MS2 clouds. This download is got for predictions and time PCs heading in upmarket camp and model servant. You will take how to quantify own superstrings and changes to produce and turn your plasmids in a download the western interior of canada: that will use to the side gates and have them to existence; Cell-free house. From this download the western interior of canada: a record of; most of the min review( 80 trouble) will fast set on PTMs and modifications in browser and prestack nucleosomal pennants partner. Relational, small Proteins cortical as Oracle and MySQL are once modified the download the western interior of canada: a record for using and solving funerals. not, the complicating download the western interior of canada: and ubiquitination of proteins wish moved it Cell-Free for these fierce distributions to so be ever 1 mammals on the students. Be Peptides, levels, and ...
Management: Though about 700 species of plants are known to be susceptible to armillaria, others are relatively resistant. Where oak root fungus is known to be a problem, such as on cleared woodland, plant resistant species if possible. Remove infected stumps and old roots to eliminate sources of infection. Because armillaria grows more slowly in dry soil than in wet soil, native oaks and other plants tolerant of dry soil conditions are killed more rapidly when they receive summer irrigation. Avoid summer irrigation if possible. If the root crown is found to be infected, excavate the soil from the base of the plant and expose it to the air to dry it out. No fungicide is effective against armillaria ...
Late Cretaceous carbon isotope curves generated for localities in Europe, Asia, and the deep-sea records have provided the foundation for development of a contiguous, intercontinental chemostratigraphic framework. Despite the development of carbon isotope records from selected stratigraphic intervals in the Western Interior Basin, however, a comprehensive δ13C record comparable to those developed in Europe and Asia, and from ODP sites, had not yet been completed. This study reports a new, high-resolution Cenomanian to Campanian carbon isotope record for the central Western Interior Basin of North America that makes a key contribution to the intercontinental correlation. The curve is correlated to the well-developed molluscan biostratigraphic framework for the Western Interior Basin, as well as a revised geochronology based on integration of new radioisotopic dating and astrochronology developed in the same core records from where the δ13C data were derived. The new δ13C record reflects not ...
Generally speaking, the idea of a spreading fungus-they make a cream for that-is a pretty revolting concept. But a fungus that spreads across 90 acres? Thats almost inspiring.. Thats the estimate for the size of the famed Armillaria gallica fungus in Crystal Falls,* Michigan, deemed the worlds single largest organism when it was discovered in the late 1980s. At that time, researchers believed that the fungus-which is mostly composed of an underground network of tendrils and emerges from the ground in clumps of honey mushrooms-weighed 110 tons and was about 1,500 years old. The same team of Canadian and American researchers recently revisited the fungus to conduct genetic tests, only to find that their initial assessment had been way, way off. In a new paper under review and posted to bioRxiv, the authors posit that the titanic organism weighs four times as much and is about 1,000 years older. For reference, that makes this single individual more massive than three large blue whales, and just ...
Enquête : La BnF et vous jusquau 13 novembre 2020. Enquête : La BnF et vous. Et si vous nous disiez ce que vous pensez de Gallica, des ressources de la BnF, des services en salle ? ...
Enquête : La BnF et vous jusquau 13 novembre 2020. Enquête : La BnF et vous. Et si vous nous disiez ce que vous pensez de Gallica, des ressources de la BnF, des services en salle ? ...
Description and images of Logfia gallica (), a native Chilean plant, provided by the supplier of native exotic Chilean seeds and organizer of plant watching tours, Chileflora.com
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction fragment patterns of 23 isolates from eight North American biological species of Armillaria were compared. Whole-cell or mtDNAs were digested separately with Eco RI, Bam HI and Hin dIII and probed with either mtDNA or cloned fragments of mtDNA in Southern hybridizations. Cluster analysis (UPGMA, Unweighted Pair-Group Method using Arithmetic means) indicated that mtDNA fragment patterns were similar among isolates of the same, and dissimilar among isolates of different, biological species. Furthermore, analysis of mtDNA fragment patterns allowed correct identification of the biological species to which each of the 23 isolates in the sample belonged. Although mtDNA fragment patterns were very similar within biological species, each isolate had a unique overall pattern. Because of the dissimilarity of mtDNA fragment patterns between biological species, other approaches are needed to resolve phylogenetic relationships within Armillaria.. ...
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2.0 2.1 Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.. Species 2000: Reading, UK. Ginkuhà 24 september 2012. ...
Wild edible macro fungi Floccularia luteovirens proved to be a valuable source for the identification of novel lead molecules… Expand ...
what about Schizophyllum or some inconspicuous little aphyllophoralean? Thom ODell odellt at fsl.orst.edu or todell/r6pnw_corvallis at fs.fed.us ---------- In article ,20000418054518.10422.00001095 at ng-cn1.aol.com,, basidium at aol.com (David W. Fischer -- www.fischer.nu) wrote: ,,My guess that is that the Northern forests are the most likely habitats for ,,the species that makes the most fruiting bodies. I bet its a mycorrhizal ,,one. Suillus, Leccinum, Boletus, Cantharellus, Russula, Lactarius, ,,Amanita, anyone? , , Based on my field experience, the most common and abundant group of mushrooms , in the northern forests is the Armillaria (formerly Armillariella) mellea , species complex. Even where one does not find fruiting bodies---and the , fruiting bodies of the several species which are most common are, indeed, , ubiquitous during their fruiting season---one can readily locate the telltale , shoestring rhizomorphs. These mushrooms (or---if one wishes to restrict the , word mushroom ...
do you have a list of plant material that is resilient to the oak root fungus (armillaria), preferably that is suitable for southern california ...
The honey mushroom is the above-ground part of a vast subterranean fungus. Photo credit: Dan Molter/Wikimedia. Michigans Humongous Fungus was discovered in the early 1990s by a team of researchers working on an unrelated project studying the biological effects of extremely low frequency radio emissions on wildlife in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. In one particular area of the forest, Armillaria had infected pine trees that loggers had planted years after they removed a batch of infected oak trees. When the researchers collected samples of the fungus from a widespread area and analyzed the DNA, the specimens they collected turned out to be from a single organism.. Before the Humongous Fungus was discovered, mycologists knew that a fungus could grow to be quite large, but no one expected them to grow as large as 37 acres of land. Less than a decade later, a team of researchers from the US Forest Service, trying investigate the cause of a large number of tree deaths in the Malheur National ...
Armillaria ostoyae, or the honey mushroom, the fungus is 3.5 miles across and takes up 1,665 football fields. However, a small percentage of its growth is visible above ground
Le Trichoderma atroviride MUCL45632 est un champignon qui exerce son action principalement dans la rhizosphère : amélioration de levée des graines, amélioration de croissance, assainissement des sols et supports de culture et réduction de limpact des infections (antagonisme vis-à-vis de champignons pathogènes du sol: Armillaria, Rhizoctonia, Sclerotinia, Fusarium, Phytophtora, Botrytis). Le champignon permet aussi de protéger les blessures de coupe et de taille en les colonisant temporairement. La souche sélectionnée se distingue par sa stabilité dans le sol et les supports de culture, sa grande adaptabilité à lenvironnement et sa reproductibilité élevée. Le tout se traduit par une action plus rapide et plus efficace ainsi que par une plus grande persistance, grâce à sa capacité à vivre en occupant la rhizosphère et en colonisant le cortex radiculaire des plantes herbacées ou ligneuses ...
Le Trichoderma atroviride MUCL45632 est un champignon qui exerce son action principalement dans la rhizosphère : amélioration de levée des graines, amélioration de croissance, assainissement des sols et supports de culture et réduction de limpact des infections (antagonisme vis-à-vis de champignons pathogènes du sol: Armillaria, Rhizoctonia, Sclerotinia, Fusarium, Phytophtora, Botrytis). Le champignon permet aussi de protéger les blessures de coupe et de taille en les colonisant temporairement. La souche sélectionnée se distingue par sa stabilité dans le sol et les supports de culture, sa grande adaptabilité à lenvironnement et sa reproductibilité élevée. Le tout se traduit par une action plus rapide et plus efficace ainsi que par une plus grande persistance, grâce à sa capacité à vivre en occupant la rhizosphère et en colonisant le cortex radiculaire des plantes herbacées ou ligneuses ...
uuid: 4caec5c3-e64d-4169-bb59-08083ace3991, type: records, etag: 375a6adb966eec350cde1206f7feb9cecbddacb3, data: { dwc:startDayOfYear: 242, dwc:county: Eagle County, dwc:recordedBy: Vera S. Evenson, dwc:order: Agaricales, dwc:habitat: large spruce, dwc:scientificNameAuthorship: (Fr.) Staude, dwc:occurrenceID: f98c9052-da12-4fc5-9f52-46b6a23bb20b, dwc:verbatimElevation: 8700 FT, id: 3840, dwc:stateProvince: Colorado, dwc:eventDate: 1994-08-30, dwc:collectionID: 881dbacb-effd-4a6a-b4f4-45da2579e689, dwc:country: USA, idigbio:recordId: urn:uuid:f98c9052-da12-4fc5-9f52-46b6a23bb20b, dwc:collectionCode: DBG, dwc:kingdom: Fungi, dwc:decimalLatitude: 39.4602, dwc:occurrenceRemarks: Associated Material: Photograph- Slide, dwc:basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen, dwc:genus: Armillaria, dwc:family: Physalacriaceae, dc:rights: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, dwc:phylum: Fungi Incertae ...
Picture Archives - Album 1292 (College Station, Texas, October 27 - November 2, 2013) - Photo 02 (Old wet ringless honey mushrooms (Desarmillaria tabescens, Armillaria tabescens...[4 words]...in Lick Creek Park. College Station, Texas, October 27, 2013)
Shimada, K. and D. Cicimurri. 2006. The Oldest Record of the Late Cretaceous Anacoracid Shark, Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz), from the Western Interior, with comments on Squalicorax Phylogeny. In Late Cretaceous Vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Museum of Natural History Bulletin 35. Shimada, K. and D. J. Cicimurri. 2005. Skeletal Anatomy of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax (Neoselachii: Anacoracidae). Palaontologische Zeitschrift, Volume 79, No. 2, p. 241-261 ...
Senigallia, town and episcopal see, Marche regione, central Italy. Senigallia lies along the Adriatic Sea at the mouth of the Misa River. Founded by the Senonian Gauls in the 6th century bc, it became the Roman colony of Sena Gallica in 289 bc. In the 6th century it was one of the five cities of
Anciennes chroniques dAngleterre , Jean de Wavrin. Français 76 Source: gallica.bnf.fr Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, Français 76, fol. 90r.. ...
S. Grégoire sur Job, livres 1-16. Source: gallica.bnf.fr Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, Latin 15307, fol. 127r.. ...
Que supausi lo mot galloromanic càuus quei dorigina celtica, kàwos. La lenga gallica quavè aumensh un mot cauos, representat en lonomastica e la toponomia gallicas, totun la significacion deu mot que nei pas briga clara per coupa de labséncia de corresponents evidents en las lengas neocelticas (Ved Delamarre). Queu trobam per exemple en lo nom de la nacion galesa deus Andecauii, quei a diser, segon jo, literaument los hòrt cridassèrs (ande- = hòrt, hèra; caus : cridassèr, gahús) que balhèn lo lor nom a la vila dAngers. Delamarre que-nse balha un hèish dexemples de noms de tribus o de lòcs qui presentan aqueste mot cauus en composicion, tant en Gallia com en Bretanha (linsulara) (ved. Dic. Gaulois, adrèça cauos). Per exemple, Chaomps(Aisne) de *Cauo-magos, camp deu cauus (gavèca o gahús) de comparar dab Chavenay (1004 Cavenoilus) de *Cauano-ialon (artiga deu chavan, deu gahús). Quèra autanplan un petit nom: Cauos, Cauus, possiblament Cauia, Cauilla (gahus, ...
Click here for galerina fungi pictures! You can also find pictures of frondosa fungi, geastrum fungi, ganoderma fungi, gallica fungi.
Penja pepper (Piper nigrum) produced in Cameroon has long been recognized for its exceptional organoleptic quality. The pepper vine is grown using a support tree (Spondias mombin) in Cameroon. A root disease is associated with plant deaths in both plants. The disease symptoms are characterized by collar cracking and gummosis and the disease was tentatively identified as Armillaria root rot. In this work the extent of the problem was characterized by surveying 35 farms in Cameroon. Samples were taken from diseased support trees and pepper vines. Support trees exhibiting typical symptoms were found in approximately one third of the surveyed farms. In these farms, disease incidence and Pepper vine mortality ranged from 1.3 to 50% and 1.2 to 87.7%, respectively. Analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) locus suggested that the isolates collected from S. mombin and P. nigrum are most likely, which is a first for both hosts, represented by Armillaria camerunensis (Henn.) Volk ...
Trentino, Italy is named Wine Region of the Year 2020 by Wine Enthusiast as part of the publications annual Wine Star Awards. In a twenty-year-old tradition, Wine Enthusiasts editors honor people, wineries and destinations that have made significant contributions to the world of wine. This year, the team acknowledges Trentino with the prestigious award, recognizing it for its unique and diverse territory. A true Wine Star the Trentino region is one of the most dynamic, multifaceted quality terroir-driven wine producing areas in the world today, comments Adam Strum, C.E.O. and Publisher of Wine Enthusiast. With its delicious fresh and fruity Chardonnay, Pinot Grigio and elegant Pinot Nero, and its spectacular sub region Trento DOC which produces renowned world class sparkling wines, Trentino is unrivaled in Italy for its diversity.
AMHERST, Mass. - As New Englands blueberry season approaches, University of Massachusetts Amherst doctoral candidate Matt Boyer says a fungal pathogen of highbush blueberries known as mummy berry is a common threat to growers, and if left untreated can destroy up to 50 percent of a crop. It is so named because it produces dead-looking, berry-shaped lumps instead of healthy berries.. Boyer, studying organismic and evolutionary biology and entomology, recently received a two-year, $79,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to identify the insect vectors that best spread the disease, and to study how variations in insect visitation can explain varying resistance levels among blueberry varieties.. He says, It would be quite valuable to know what insects are responsible for spreading it. There are quite a few other pathogens in the genus that affect other crops, so the problem goes beyond blueberries. The more we know about insect-vectored pathogens the better off we will be, because ...
Title: Observations Upon the Windward Coast of Africa Author: Corry, Joseph Language: English As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available. Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book. *** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book Observations Upon the Windward Coast of Africa *** This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document. from images generously made available by the Bibliotheque nationale de France (BnF/Gallica) at http://gallica.bnf.fr. Willy De la Court [Illustration: A MANDINGO CHIEF, and his HEADMAN, in their COSTUME, & other NATIVES] OBSERVATIONS UPON THE WINDWARD COAST OF AFRICA, THE RELIGION, CHARACTER, CUSTOMS, &c. OF THE NATIVES; WITH A SYSTEM UPON WHICH THEY MAY BE CIVILIZED, AND A KNOWLEDGE ATTAINED OF THE INTERIOR OF ...
Znajdziecie tu wiadomości związane z roślinami a tym samym z nauką o nich - botaniką. Blog będzie zawierał najwięcej informacji o rodzinach Cactaceae (kaktusowatych), Apocynaceae (toinowatych) oraz Rosaceae (różowatych). Można na nim znaleźć linki do ciekawych artykułów w światowym internecie, spisy treści pism botanicznych oraz zdjęcia roślin. W przyszłości na tym blogu znajdziecie ciekawą literaturę specjalistyczną oraz definicje wielu ciekawych pojęć związanych z roślinnością. Zapraszam. ...
Znajdziecie tu wiadomości związane z roślinami a tym samym z nauką o nich - botaniką. Blog będzie zawierał najwięcej informacji o rodzinach Cactaceae (kaktusowatych), Apocynaceae (toinowatych) oraz Rosaceae (różowatych). Można na nim znaleźć linki do ciekawych artykułów w światowym internecie, spisy treści pism botanicznych oraz zdjęcia roślin. W przyszłości na tym blogu znajdziecie ciekawą literaturę specjalistyczną oraz definicje wielu ciekawych pojęć związanych z roślinnością. Zapraszam. ...
Marasmiaceae and Physalacriaceae mushrooms; Marasmius, Marasmiellus, Rhodocollybia, Macrocystidia, Armillaria pictures, habitat, identification guide
The USHBC has adopted a diversity outreach plan to attempt to achieve a diverse representation on the Council. USHBC programs are open to all individuals without regard to race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, genetic information, parental status and marital or family status. It is USHBC policy that membership on the Council and its committees reflect the diversity of individuals served by its programs.. To accomplish this objective, the USHBC will strive to attain representation of growers and other industry participants from diverse backgrounds on the Council and USHBC committees. To this end, the USHBC strongly encourages women, minorities and persons with disabilities to seek nominations to the USHBC and to participate in Council and USHBC committee activities.. ...
Background Troodontids are a predominantly small-bodied group of feathered theropod dinosaurs notable for their close evolutionary relationship with Avialae. Despite a diverse Asian representation with remarkable growth in recent years, the North American record of the clade remains poor, with only one controversial species-Troodon formosus-presently known from substantial skeletal remains. Methodology/Principal Findings Here we report a gracile new troodontid theropod-Talos sampsoni gen. et sp. nov.-from the Upper Cretaceous Kaiparowits Formation, Utah, USA, representing one of the most complete troodontid skeletons described from North America to date. Histological assessment of the holotype specimen indicates that the adult body size of Talos was notably smaller than that of the contemporary genus Troodon. Phylogenetic analysis recovers Talos as a member of a derived, latest Cretaceous subclade, minimally containing Troodon, Saurornithoides, and Zanabazar. MicroCT scans reveal extreme pathological
NICHOLLS, E.L., T.T. TOKARYK, and L.V. HILLS. 1990. Cretaceous Marine Turtles From the Western Interior Seaway of Canada. Canadian Journal of earth Sciences, Volume 27, pp. 1288-1298. NICHOLLS, E.L. 1989. Marine Vertebrates of the Pembina Member of the Pierre Shale (Campanian, Upper Cretaceous) of Manitoba and their Significance to the Biogeography of the Western Interior Seaway. University of Calgary, pp. ii-317 ...
The current approach to the satisfaction of energy needs envisions a mix of renewable energy sources. In a forest rich region, such as the Italian alpine area, one of the main renewable energy source is the wood biomass available in its forests.. The BIOMASFOR project aims to evaluate the amount of this resource in the Trentino region (Italy) and, more important, to asses which part of biomass is actually exploitable, given its quality and the energy needed to move it to the facilities where it is used.. Therefore, a model based on the FOSS4G framework to estimate biomass availability for energy production in an alpine area has been developed.. A considerable amount of data regarding forest management is available in Trentino, but a reliable evaluation of biomass availability must take into account the local management of forest resources and the actual possibility to reach the forest parcels, depending on infrastructures and terrain morphology. The model combines the morphological ...
Grapevine root canal treatment refers to the process by which a Dentist treats the inner aspects of a tooth. Usually associated with tooth pain or a toothache.
Altisimo, briar bush, Burr Rose, cabbage rose, Camellia Rose, Cherokee Rose, Chestnut Rose, CiLi, Cili, coumaric acid, Dog Rose, Eglantine, French Rose, fructus Rosa laevigata Michx., gallic acid, Gallic rose, Glaucous Dog Rose, Gooseberry Rose, hansa, hedge-pedgies, heps, hip berry, Hyben Vital , Japanese Rose, LiTo (Chinese), Mardan Rose, m-coumaric acid, melroset, mosqueta rose, Multiflora Rose, nippernails, oil rose of mosqueta, pigs noses, pixie pears, pyrogallol, Redleaf Rose, rhodon (Greek), Rosa aff. rubiginosa, Rosa canina, Rosa centifolia, Rosa damascene, Rosa davurica spp., Rosa domescena, Rosa dumalis, Rosa eglanteria, Rosa family, Rosa family plant extracts, Rosa gallica, Rosa gigantea (syn. R. x odorata gigantea), Rosa glauca (syn. R. rubrifolia), Rosa hybrida, Rosa lucida, Rosa majalis, Rosa mosqueta hips, Rosa multiflora, Rosa x odorata gigantea, Rosa persica (syn. Hulthemia persica, R. simplicifolia), Rosa pimpinellifolia, Rosa roxburghii spp., Rosa rubiginosa, Rosa rubrifolia, ...
This time of year, you may notice the deep red, vibrant colors of maturing rosehips, as many ----other plants are dying back. Have you ever wondered about their medicinal uses? If so, read on, as were including a few recipes and a monograph on rosehips from our forthcoming book The Essential Guide to Western Botanical Medicine.. Botanical Name(s): Rosa canina, R. gallica, R. rugosa, R. villosa, R. spp.. Common Name(s): Rose hips, hip berries. Family Name: Rosaceae ...
Aimable Rouge is a Gallica rose which produces serrate, rounded, well-formed, very fragrant purple-pink blooms. In general, roses are a large group of fl
Esther is an Old Gallica rose which produces strongly fragrant, full, medium-sized, double, purple-crimson striped flowers. In general, roses are a large
Cas. Soc. Comprensoriale di Primiero Soc. Coop. Ag, Dairy Number: TN310 Via Roma, 179 38050 - Mezzano di Primiero (TN) tel. 0439 62941 - fax 0439 64749 [email protected] www.caseificioprimiero.com, Type: Producers, Type: Seasoners, Type: Cheese dairies, Online services: E-commerce Producers, Province:Trento, Grana Padano sale in Trentino, Grana Padano cheese factory in Trentino, Grana Padano production in Trentino, 20171214
A few days ago the Science Day took place in Bolzano/Bozen at EURAC. The Science Day is a type of fair where projects, proposals and ideas for teaching science in the Autonomous Province of Bolzano/Bozen were presented. The ORTLER project was presented as well and we were able to see close up how much has been happening around this project so far. We will soon publish new posts including pictures and reports about the work currently going on in all participating schools.. Today we have the honour of publishing an interview with Dr. Paolo Gabrielli, a researcher from the Trentino region in Italy, who is also the scientific coordinator of the project. He was able to answer to some of our questions shortly before returning to work at the Byrd Polar Centre of the Ohio State University of Columbus (USA).. Paolo, you are shortly due to go back to the USA. Four ice cores, three of them reaching down to the rock underneath the glacier, were extracted. Were you expecting such a result a few months ...
Ensure that the compost pile retains a moisture content similar to a wrung-out sponge. To moisten, add green waste; to reduce moisture, add brown waste.. Turn compost to get air to the aerobic bacteria and speed the process. Wear gloves and a dust mask to protect against allergens.. Decay generates heat, so a pile should feel warm. If not, add green waste. Decomposition occurs most efficiently when its 104 to 131 degrees Fahrenheit inside the pile; use a compost thermometer.. Keep a small container in the kitchen to easily collect green food scraps. Store it in the freezer to keep unpleasant smells and flies at bay.. The best time to start composting is during warmer months. Alternately layering green and brown waste, using the lasagna method in colder months, readies the pile to decompose as soon as the weather warms. Consider stockpiling summer yard waste ingredients.. Be aware that low-maintenance composting wont kill weed seeds, which can then get spread around the garden. A highly ...
Symptoms of BIScV vary largely according to virus strains and host type. Some plant varieties may show severe blossom blight, leaf blight and twig dieback, while others may not show any symptoms. However, all highbush blueberry varieties appear to be susceptible.. Other signs of BIScV infection can include red line patterns on leaves, yellowing of leaf margins, leaf mottling, overall pale colour, low number of blossoms, or even a twiggy appearance.. It may take up to two years after initial infection before symptoms start to develop.. Symptoms of BIScV may be confused with bacterial or fungal diseases, frost injury or nutrition deficiency and therefore testing is required to confidently identify the virus. ...
Just when Alamosaurus appeared in the Late Cretaceous is still subject to debate but it seems that titanosaurs appeared during the Campanian around 73 million years ago although their exact point of origin remains undetermined. Suggestions include a possible migration from South America to the north due to the appearance of a land bridge between the continents. This may have been due to climate change since the Western Interior Seaway was also receding at this time and this may have created the ideal conditions for the migration and establishment of a relatively localised population of sauropods. Another possible titanosauriform doorway into North America may have been via Asia but this appears to lack any substantial fossil evidence at this moment in time ...
In a Newsweek article from June 17, 2002, neuroscientist James Joseph, of Tufts University, made it clear that when it comes to brain protection, theres nothing quite like blueberries, which he calls the brain berry. Dr. Joseph attributes the blueberrys health benefits to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, and sees its potential for reversing short-term memory loss and forestalling many other effects of aging.. 4. Modern Blueberry Production. Today, the most common variety of blueberry sold in the supermarkets are the highbush or cultivated blueberries, which grow on tree-sized shrubs that can get as high as fifteen feet tall. The lowbush, or wild blueberries, grow on small, ankle-high shrubs (only about one foot tall) and are about one-third the size of the cultivated blueberries. The wild blueberries are preferred by people who like the tangy, complex flavor of sweet and sour. The wild blueberries are from a different species than cultivated blueberries, but are part of ...
The larvae will feed mainly on low-fibrous waste (overripe fruit, vegetables, some leaves such as cabbage, etc.), so it is not necessary to put green waste (leaves, branches, grass). Similarly, thick fruit skins (banana, orange, lemon...) or pits will not be completely degraded. However, they will scrape off all the food available and it may be interesting to put them on, it will just not reduce the volume of waste. It is also possible to give them animal or human faeces (droppings, dry toilets...). As larvae naturally destroy bacteria such as salmonella [1], it seems possible to feed them to animals without risk of transmission. The optimal substrate conditions for larvae can be summarized as follows: - Depth: About ten centimeters. If there is more, the larvae will bury deeper and may not emerge. If there are fewer of them, they wont be able to bury themselves properly. Nutrients: Protein-rich substrates and readily available hydrocarbons ensure good larval growth. - Food aspect : The larvae ...
THE National Environment Management Council (NEMC), Nipe Fagio Civil Society, Aspect and Green Waste Pro have taken part in the cleanliness on the Andy beaches located in Mbezi B area as part of celebrating the Public Service Week, calling for the preservation of environment.
Cherty limestones dominate here, perched on top of beds of shale. Deep valleys cut through Devonian limestones to Ordovician Jefferson City-Cotter dolomite below. Glades and savannas were once common in Elk River country, but now most of the area is second-growth mixed oak closed woodlands. Glades here are in need of cedar clearing projects ...
This winter we invite you to spend your holiday at the beautiful four star Hotel Grifone,, situated in Madonna di Campiglio, the perfect destination to spend a unique holiday on Trentino Alto Adige Mountains Enjoy a relaxing vacation with delicios Glatt Kosher food and pleasant company.It is a renowned tourist center located in the heart of the Oriental Alps to 1500 meters of altitude, in the middle of the majestic ridge Brenta Dolomites and in the heart of the Natural Park Adamello-Brentah
Showcasing ski-to-door access and ski storage, Hotel La Majun is located in La Villa in the region of Trentino Alto Adige, just 27 miles from Bolzano.
Josip Broz rrjedh nga një familje e vogël ne nje fshat kroate Kumrovec, qe, në kohën e lindjes së tij, i perkiste Austro-Hungaris. Vendlindja e tij është sot pjesë e Muzeut Etno-selo Kumrovec. Babai i tij Franjo ishte një Kroat, të cilëve paraardhësit e para mes të shekullit të 16-të. Shekulli që nga atëherë Austro-Hungarisë që i përkasin francez duke folur pjesë e Tirol (sot Trentino e Alto adige, ne Itali) Ishin emigruar, nëna e tij Marija ishte një Sllovene. Ai ishte i shtati fëmijë i familjes. Ai përfundoi një zanat në Sisak dhe ka hyrë në fuqi në vitin 1910, në të partisë social demokrate të Kroacisë dhe Sllavoninë . Ai ka punuar si një punëtor metalik në Zagreb, Kamnik, në fabriken e makinës te Laurin & Klement në Mladá Boleslav dhe ne Perandorine Gjermane ne vitin 1911, ndër të tjera, te Benz & Cie. në Mannheim.[1][2] dhe më Vonë ka punuar Tito si një shofer në Daimler në Wiener Neustadt dhe jetonte me vëllain e tij në Vorarlberg. Në ...
Victor Mature, Actor: Samson and Delilah. American leading man Victor John Mature was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to Clara P. (Ackley) and Marcellus George Mature, a cutler and knife sharpener. His father, born Marcello Gelindo Maturi in Pinzolo, Trentino, was Italian, and his mother was of Swiss-German and German descent. Mature worked as a teenager with his father as a salesman for butcher supplies. Hoping to become an actor, he ...
اطلاعات مندرج در این پایگاه فقط جهت مطالعه کاربران با رعایت شرایط اعلام شده است. نسخه‌برداری و بازنشر اطلاعات به هر روش، در هر نوع رسانه و با هر هدفی ممنوع و پیگرد قانونی دارد. ...
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I thought I will open a new account at blogspot and giving this a try. Spaces have been fine but sometimes one just feels like changing. In the meantime feel free to drop in to spaces.msn.com/members/bruneiresources. See you there ...
... armillaria root rot; introduced trout species; golden algae; spruce aphid; and banded elm bark beetle. Already stressed by ...
Watling has studies the genus Armillaria. A compendium was published in 1982, as well as studies of Armillaria in Australia and ... Watling was also the first to correctly identify and describe a parasitic relationship between Entoloma and Armillaria in their ... Watling, R.; Kile, G. A.; Gregory, Norma M. (1982). "The genus Armillaria -nomenclature, typification, the identity of ... doi:10.1016/S0007-1536(82)80011-9. Kile, G. A.; Watling, R. (1983). "Armillaria species from south-eastern Australia". ...
As result of these studies the genus Heterobasidion was divided into three species while Armillaria has by now been divided ... From the start his research concentrated on the forest pathogen fungi then known as Heterobasidion annosum and Armillaria ... Hintikka V. (1973). "A note on the polarity of Armillaria mellea". Karstenia. 13: 32-39. Korhonen K. (1978). "Interfertility ... Initially, following Veikko Hintikka's discovery of a technique to distinguish between Armillaria species by growing them ...
The genus Armillaria is a well-studied and widely distributed mushroom-forming genus with rhizomorph production abundant in ... Rhizomorph traits can be found in all species of the Armillaria as well as other fungi but it appears that the most recently ... For example, species of Armillaria form melanized (dark or brown due to the formation of melanin) rhizomorphs in nature with ... Another genus that is very well studied for their abundance of rhizomorphs production is Armillaria, with some species being ...
and Armillaria spp. Importantly, R. bunodes is capable of infecting hosts at any age or developmental stage, from young ...
Armillaria root rot (shoestring root rot) Armillaria mellea. Rhizomorpha subcorticalis [anamorph] Aspergillus rot Aspergillus ...
In 1952, Marcel Locquin chose to place it in the genus Armillaria as Armillaria atkinsoniana, but this change was not adopted ... 33 (1-2): 84-5. "Armillaria atkinsoniana (Coker) Locq. 1952". MycoBank. The International Mycological Association. Retrieved ... structural differences between Armillaria luteovirens and the Amanitas are too large and significant to combine any Armillaria ... "The nomenclature of Armillaria, Hypholoma, and Entoloma". Mycologia. 47 (1): 147-9. JSTOR 3755765. Bhatt RP, Miller OK Jr. ( ...
1878) Armillaria edodes (Berk.) Sacc. (1887) Mastoleucomychelloes edodes (Berk.) Kuntze (1891) Cortinellus edodes (Berk.) S.Ito ...
Honey mushroom (Armillaria spp.) is a white-rot fungus notorious for attacking living trees. Pleurotus ostreatus and other ... Some species of wood-decay fungi attack dead wood, such as brown rot, and some, such as Armillaria (honey fungus), are ...
The genus Armillaria, as it was understood at the time, would later be referred to as a "taxonomic refugium for about 270 white ... Romagnesi H. (1980). "Armillaria decorosa (Peck) Smith et Walters, espèce Américaine nouvelle pour l'Europe et la tribu des ... Leucopholiota was originally a subgenus of Armillaria, but the authors raised it to generic level to accommodate L. decorosa, ... This tribe also contains the genera Catathelasma and Armillaria. The caps of L. decorosa, initially conic or hemispherical in ...
Some individual fungal colonies can reach extraordinary dimensions and ages as in the case of a clonal colony of Armillaria ... To overcome this limitation, some fungi, such as Armillaria, form rhizomorphs, which resemble and perform functions similar to ... Ferguson BA, Dreisbach TA, Parks CG, Filip GM, Schmitt CL (2003). "Coarse-scale population structure of pathogenic Armillaria ... Mihail JD, Bruhn JN (November 2005). "Foraging behaviour of Armillaria rhizomorph systems". Mycological Research. 109 (Pt 11): ...
Armillaria mellea is the most widely distributed of the luminescent fungi, found across Asia, Europe, North America, and South ... Mihail JD, Bruhn JN (2007). "Dynamics of bioluminescence by Armillaria gallica, A. mellea and A. tabescens" (PDF). Mycologia. ... The Omphalotus lineage (comprising the genera Omphalotus and Neonothopanus) contains 12 species, the Armillaria lineage has 10 ... doi:10.1007/s11557-013-0939-x. Mihail JD (2015). "Bioluminescence patterns among North American Armillaria species". Fungal ...
Its root contains hyphae of Armillaria (a mushroom). It flowers brown in June or July. Polygonatum stenophyllum Maxim (층층둥굴레 ...
"Ecology of Armillaria Species on Conifers in Japan." Forest Pathology 41 (2011): 429,429-437. Print. Ide, J., et al. "Effects ... A large concern in Japan is root rot experienced in conifer species as a result of Armillaria, a group of fungus species found ... were examined and it was found that every conifer species native to Japan was vulnerable to at least one species of Armillaria ...
The species is resistant to Armillaria root rot. A minimum temperature of -10 °C (15 °F) is required for cultivation. The ... "Plants resistant or susceptible to Armillaria root rot" (PDF). Chase Horticultural Research. Retrieved 2008-03-20.[permanent ...
In Armillaria ostoyae, each individual mushroom (the fruiting body, similar to a flower on a plant) has only a 5 cm (2.0 in) ... The largest living fungus may be a honey fungus of the species Armillaria ostoyae. A mushroom of this type in the Malheur ... report about the largest Armillaria in the world. BBC News (2000-08-07). The Humongous Fungus-Ten Years Later at the University ... A spatial genetic analysis estimated that a specimen of Armillaria ostoyae growing over 91 acres (37 ha) in northern Michigan, ...
Russula vesca (Russula) Armillaria (honey mushroom, shoestring rot). The genus Armillaria, with the popular species A. gallica ... The safest one is Opyonok Osyenniy (Armillaria mellea). This is an issue not only in Poland, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia: the ...
Lewis, W.G.; Basford, J.M.; Walton, P.L. (1978). "Specificity and inhibition studies of Armillaria mellea protease". Biochim. ... Peptidyl-Lys metalloendopeptidase (EC 3.4.24.20, Armillaria mellea neutral proteinase, peptidyllysine metalloproteinase) is an ... This encyme is isolated from the honey fungus Armillaria mellea. Doonan S, Doonan HJ, Hanford R, Vernon CA, Walker JM, da ...
severe rusts of cereals and grasses) Armillaria spp. (honey fungus species, virulent pathogens of trees) The oomycetes are ...
It may be susceptible to Armillaria and Phytophthora. The seeds have been found to be a food source for the endangered Yellow- ...
The Omphalotus lineage (comprising the genera Omphalotus and Neonothopanus) contains 12 species, the Armillaria lineage has 10 ... Mihail JD (2015). "Bioluminescence patterns among North American Armillaria species". Fungal Biology. 119 (6): 528-537. doi: ... as in Armillaria mellea.[6] In Roridomyces roridus luminescence occurs only in the spores, while in Collybia tuberosa, it is ... Armillaria mellea is the most widely distributed of the luminescent fungi, found across Asia, Europe, North America, and South ...
Atkinsonella Diehl Amanita atkinsoniana Coker Armillaria atkinsoniana (Coker) Locq. Boletus atkinsonianus Calonectria ...
In 1995 Wingfield studied various species of Armillaria, especially A. cepistipes, A. gallica, A. mellea, and A. tabescens in ... T. C. Harrington and B. D. Wingfield (1995). "A PCR-Based Identification Method for Species of Armillaria". Mycologia. 87 (2): ...
Recently cleared land is best avoided to help resist the root rot, Armillaria mellia. Castanea likes a full sun position. An ... Root rot is caused by the honey fungus Armillaria mellia. When planting Castanea, recently cleared land is best avoided to help ...
Honey fungus (Armillaria) is a problem for many Rubus species. R. tricolor is a tough plant, easily cultivated and low ...
Root fungi such as Phytophthora or Armillaria can be deadly. The population of this species is believed to be stable, and the ...
Armillaria spp.), verticillium wilt, and various species of phytophthora. Fungal leaf diseases affect some cultivars and ...
The species is mentioned under Armillaria in William Murrill (1914). "Family 7. Agaricaceae". North American Flora. 10 (1): 37- ...
1922). "The genus Armillaria in the United States and its relationships". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 2: 53-67 ... The species has also been known variously as Agaricus terreyi (Berkeley and Broome, 1870), Armillaria cinnabarina (Kauffman, ...
In 1950-60, Garrett worked mainly on Armillaria mellea, a fungus which causes Armillaria root rot in trees, and its prevention ... He also studied Armillaria root rot of trees, among other plant diseases. Garrett spent most of his career at Rothamsted ...
List of Armillaria species. References[edit]. *^ Anderson JB, Stasovski E. (1992). "Molecular phylogeny of northern hemisphere ... Armillaria borealis is a species of mushroom in the Physalacriaceae family. Phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal DNA has shown ... that within the genus Armillaria, this species is most closely related to A. solidipes and A. gemina.[1] ... species of Armillaria". Mycologia. 84 (4): 505-16. doi:10.2307/3760315. JSTOR 3760315.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font- ...
Armillaria: …that year, a specimen of A. ostoyae was identified on Mount Adams, in southwestern Washington state. Its age was ... In Armillaria. …that year, a specimen of A. ostoyae was identified on Mount Adams, in southwestern Washington state. Its age ... Other articles where Armillaria ostoyae is discussed: ... Armillaria ostoyae. fungus. THIS IS A DIRECTORY PAGE. ...
Dessureault VI Armillaria mellea (Vahl.:Fries) Kummer VII Armillaria gallica (Marxmüller & Romagn.) IX Armillaria nabsnona T.J ... I Armillaria ostoyae (Romagn.) Herink II Armillaria gemina Bérubé & Dessureault III Armillaria calvescens Bérubé & Dessureault ... Armillaria root rot Armillaria mellea (Vahl ex Fr.) Kummer. p. 37-38 in Davidson, A.G.; Prentice, R.M. (Compilers and Eds.). ... Armillaria ostoyae is the species most commonly found in all Canadian provinces surveyed (Mallett 1990). Armillaria root rot ...
... is a white rot wood decay fungus and root disease pathogen that has confirmed presence in New Zealand only, ... limonea and Armillaria novae-zelandiae (G. Stevenson) Herink before it was accepted that Armillaria mellea (Vahl) Kumm. is not ... Armillaria limonea is one of many Armillaria species broadly similar in appearance and behavior (Watling et al., 1991; Pegler, ... Chapter 9 Armillaria in planted hosts. In: Armillaria Root Disease. Agriculture Handbook No. 691, [ed. by Shaw III CG, Kile GA ...
List of Armillaria species Volk TJ, Burdsall HH Jr. (1995). "A nomenclatural study of Armillaria and Armillariella species ( ... 21: 1-133 (see p. 12). Pegler DN (2000). "Taxonomy, nomenclature and description of Armillaria". In Fox RTV (ed.). Armillaria ... Armillaria viridiflava is a species of agaric fungus in the family Physalacriaceae. This species is found in South America. ...
... nomenclature and description of Armillaria". In Fox RTV (ed.). Armillaria Root Rot: Biology and Control of Honey Fungus. ... Armillaria camerunensis is a species of agaric fungus in the family Physalacriaceae. This species is found in Africa. List of ... Armillaria species Courtecuisse R. (1995). "Taxonomy of some fungi used by the Songola people (Zaïre)". African Study ...
... is a white rot wood decay fungus and root disease pathogen that occurs in a number of countries in ... Armillaria novae-zelandiae is one of many Armillaria species broadly similar in appearance and behavior (Watling et al., 1991; ... Chapter 9. Armillaria in planted hosts. In: Armillaria Root Disease. Agriculture Handbook No. 691, [ed. by Shaw III CG, Kile GA ... How to diagnose Armillaria. New Zealand Kiwifruit (May), (67), 14-15.. Horner IJ, 1990. No miracle cures for Armillaria. New ...
Shop armillaria metal prints from thousands of artists from around the world. Our metal wall art produces vibrant colors and ...
The Armillaria ostoyae, or Humongous Fungus, covers 2,385 acres (almost 4 square miles) of the Malheur National Forest in ... Armillaria ostoyae Rocky Houghtby/Flickr The worlds largest living thing is even bigger than a blue whale (which happens to be ... Meet Armillaria ostoyae, or, as its nicknamed, the Humongous Fungus.. Its an organism that covers 2,385 acres (almost 4 ... Heres a map showing just how big the Humongous Fungus, highlighted in red, is compared to other, less humongous Armillaria (in ...
Read more on the studies undertaken by the RHS on Armillaria and what the best course of action is should your tree or shrub ... Armillaria. has been confirmed.. Further information. Survival of Armillaria in mulches (834kB pdf). Latest report: Behaviour ... Armillaria. , honey fungus, rhizomorphs. The problem. Replanting after the removal of a host of Armillaria can be very ... In Armillaria Root Diease, pp. 76-87. Ed by Shaw III, C. G.; Kile, G. USDA Forest Service Agricultural Handbook number 691. ...
... Scientific Name. Armillaria ostoyae Scientific Author. (Romagn.) Herink. Taxonomy. Marasmiaceae, ... Liberato JR, Kunca A & Korhonen K (2006) Armillaria root rot (Armillaria ostoyae ) Updated on 7/23/2016 10:32:19 PM Available ... Armillaria ostoyae colonizes the root system of woody plants and causes non-specific symptoms such as reduction of shoot growth ... Until the late 1970s, most plant pathologists referred to all annulate Northern Hemisphere species of Armillaria as A. mellea ( ...
Armillaria, peach orchards, DNA. Related Search. *DNA-based identification of Armillaria isolates from peach [Prunus persica (l ... First report of Armillaria sinapina, a cause of armillaria root disease, associated with a variety of forest tree hosts on ... Survey of Armillaria spp. in the Oregon East Cascades: Baseline data for predicting climatic influences on Armillaria root ... First report of Armillaria root disease caused by Armillaria tabescens on Araucaria araucana in Veracruz, Mexico ...
beneficial Armillaria fungus. Armillaria fruiting body (mushroom).. Snapshot : Species of the fungal genus Armillaria are ... Armillaria appears to have co-evolved with woody plants over the last ~100+ million years, which resulted in different species ... Thus, Armillaria species from another continent or region may represent an invasive pathogen risk to a region or continent on ... Armillaria is a fungal genus associated with woody plants of diverse ecosystems of North America, South America, Europe, Asia, ...
2) Design PCR Primers which are specific for the DNA from Armillaria ostoyae and Armillaria sinapina. To design these primers, ... 2) Design PCR Primers which are specific for the DNA from Armillaria ostoyae and Armillaria sinapina. To design these primers, ... HEN INGRAM ARMILLARIA TRIAL ESTABLISHMENT REPORT. Forest Investment Account (FIA) - Forest Science Program. Forest Investment ...
Armillaria borealis, a rare honey fungus species: identification pictures (images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, ... Armillaria borealis has a very catholic taste for timber, appearing (generally quite high up) on a wide range of broadleaf and ... There are many forms of Honey Fungus, and in the distant past they all shared the scientific name Armillaria mellea. Nowadays ... Although all Armillaria species were for many years generally considered edible when thoroughly cooked, some members of the ...
This is very common under the redwoods. It seems to grow singly or in diffuse troops and not in the big caespitose clusters on trunks that you get with "Honey mushrooms". The base of the stipe is often bulbous. ...
Tag Archives: Armillaria Rhizomorphs of honey mushroom (Armillaria). Some photographs of Armillaria (honey mushroom) underneath ... Posted in Biology, Photography , Tagged Armillaria, Armillaria mellea, bioluminescence, bootlace fungus, fungi, fungus, honey ...
Up until fairly recently there was considered to be only a single species of Armillaria, namely Armillaria mellea(Vahl:Fr.) ... This months fungus is Armillaria nabsnona, honey mushroom number nine. For the rest of my pages on fungi, please click ... Let me tell you about the first time I saw Armillaria nabsnona-- although of course I didnt know it at the time. I was in the ... Armillaria nabsnona, a new species from western North America. Thomas J. Volk, Harold H. Burdsall, Jr. , and Mark T. Banik. ...
Destruction of Armillaria mellea in citrus soil. Phytopathology 41:665-683. 6. Bliss, D. E. 1944. Controlling Armillaria root ... for Control of Armillaria Root Rot of Peach. G. Schnabel, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, A. P. Rollins, ... Antagonism between Armillaria and Trichoderma. Etudes sur lantagonisme entre Armillaire et Trichoderma. Association de ... The genus Trichoderma: its relationship with Armillaria mellea (Vahl ex Fries) Quel. and Polyporus schweinitzii Fr., together ...
Mortality from Armillaria root rot is a major concern of forest management. Field experiments were conducted in Minnesota to ... Species, diversity, and density affect tree seedling mortality from Armillaria root rot Public Deposited ... Species, diversity, and density affect tree seedling mortality from Armillaria root rot. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27 ... influences seedling mortality from Armillaria spp. Seedlings of 10 tree species (six conifers and four hardwoods) were planted ...
Sampling of recently dead or live, symptomatic conifers produced 112 isolates of Armillaria from six tree species. Armillaria ... In vitro fruiting of Armillaria species.. *Characterization of North American Armillaria species: Genetic relationships ... Armillaria ostoyae genet sizes were approximately 20, 95, 195, 260, and 965 ha; cumulative colonization of the study area was ... Coarse-scale population structure of pathogenic Armillaria species in a mixed-conifer forest in the Blue Mountains of northeast ...
Vegetative mycelial cells of Armillaria are expected to have diploid nuclei. Cells from a single mycelium therefore would not ... Vegetative mycelial cells of Armillaria are expected to have diploid nuclei. Cells from a single mycelium therefore would not ... from a single contiguous Armillaria gallica mycelium. We isolated a second set of vegetative cell lines from the soil 20 cm ...
Armillaria solidipes, an older name for Armillaria ostoyae, North American Biological Species I, NABS I Tom Volks Fungus of ... Armillaria solidipes, an older name for the fungus called Armillaria ostoyae. North American Fungi 3(7): 261-267. doi: 10.2509/ ... Abstract: The name Armillaria ostoyae has been applied for nearly 40 years to the Armillaria species that causes a major root- ... namely Armillaria mellea (Vahl:Fr.) Kummer. Until the late 1970s Armillaria mellea was considered by most researchers to be a ...
Fungal infections, including the grape armillaria fungus, can ruin your vines, though. Know the signs of infection and what to ... What is Armillaria Root Rot of Grapes?. Armillaria mellea is a fungus that is naturally found in trees in California and that ... Managing Armillaria Root Rot. A grapevine with armillaria root rot is difficult or impossible to successfully treat. If you are ... Plant DiseasesArmillaria Root Rot Control - Learn About Treatment For Armillaria Root Rot ...
Although many types of Armillaria fungi cause Armillaria rot, the Armillaria mellea and Armillaria gallica fungi are among the ... Armillaria Fungus. The Armillaria family is composed of approximately 30 different fungal species. ... Armillaria fungus can live for years in the roots of healthy trees. It may occasionally kill a root, but trees that are strong ... Armillaria Rot on Oak Trees. Oak trees can live to be hundreds of years old. ...
Armillaria (Fr. ex. Fr.) is a parasite whose pathogenicity and role in forest ecosystems often depends upon the physiological ... Armillaria ostoyae infection rates were significantly higher when seedlings were light or nitrogen limited than when light and ... The effect of light and nitrogen limitation on western conifers : response to Armillaria ostoyae infection Public Deposited ... Armillaria ostoyae infection rates were significantly higher on P. menziesii that received the thinning plus fertilization ...
Grapevine root rot, caused by Armillaria mellea, is a serious disease in some grape-growing regions. Young grapevines start to ... and in vitro inoculation induced higher modulation than in greenhouse Armillaria spp. treatments. The full-length coding ... show symptoms of Armillaria root rot from the second year after inoculation, suggesting a certain degree of resistance in young ...
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Armillaria species are both devastating forest pathogens and some of the largest terrestrial organisms on Earth. They forage ... Genome expansion and lineage-specific genetic innovations in the forest pathogenic fungi Armillaria. Published in:. Nat Ecol ... Our results suggest that the evolution of the unique dispersal and pathogenicity mechanisms of Armillaria might have drawn upon ... Here, we sequenced and analysed the genomes of four Armillaria species and performed RNA sequencing and quantitative proteomic ...
Of the species that cause honey fungus, Armillaria mellea and Armillaria ostoyae are the most aggressive. Armillaria gallica ... Tree Diseases: Honey Fungus (Armillaria) Introduction. Honey fungus, or Armillaria, comprises a genus of parasitic fungi that ... However, Armillaria gallica establishes large rhizomorphs that are easily visible. Some species of Armillaria, such as ... One patch of honey fungus caused by Armillaria ostoyae is thought to be the largest organism in the world. The mycelia of this ...
  • The largest known organism (of the species Armillaria ostoyae) covers more than 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) in Oregon's Malheur National Forest and is between 1900 and 9600 years old. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2003). Intersterile species of Armillaria occurring in North America (North American Biological Species = NABS) were listed by Mallett (1992): I Armillaria ostoyae (Romagn. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armillaria ostoyae colonizes the root system of woody plants and causes non-specific symptoms such as reduction of shoot growth, changes in foliar characteristics, crown dieback, stress-induced reproduction, basal stem indicators (exudates, cankers, cracks, or flutes at or just above the root collar), and death. (padil.gov.au)
  • There is a persistent thick but narrow ring, with a yellow edge/underside but no dark spots (see Armillaria ostoyae ). (first-nature.com)
  • Armillaria species identifications done by using a polymerase chain reaction based diagnostic and diploid-diploid pairings produced identical results: 108 of the isolates were Armillaria ostoyae (Romagn. (usda.gov)
  • NABS I was associated with a specimen of Armillaria ostoyae collected and described (as Armillariella ostoyae ) by Romagnesi in France in 1970, mainly because European Armillaria researchers were far ahead of those in the Americas. (wisc.edu)
  • 2008. Armillaria solidipes , an older name for the fungus called Armillaria ostoyae . (wisc.edu)
  • The name Armillaria ostoyae has been applied for nearly 40 years to the Armillaria species that causes a major root-rot of conifers throughout Europe, the northern United States, much of Canada, and more recently in China. (wisc.edu)
  • Therefore, I tested the frequency and severity of Armillaria ostoyae (Romagn. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Armillaria ostoyae infection rates were significantly higher when seedlings were light or nitrogen limited than when light and nitrogen conditions were balanced. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Armillaria ostoyae infection rates were significantly higher on P. menziesii that received the thinning plus fertilization treatment than those trees in stands that received the thinning treatment or the untreated trees. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Of the species that cause honey fungus, Armillaria mellea and Armillaria ostoyae are the most aggressive. (irontreeservice.com)
  • The toadstools produced by Armillaria ostoyae develop pinkish caps. (irontreeservice.com)
  • One patch of honey fungus caused by Armillaria ostoyae is thought to be the largest organism in the world . (irontreeservice.com)
  • Dessureault, M. (1988) Morphological characterization of Armillaria ostoyae and Armillaria sinapina sp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armillaria solidipes (Romangnesi) Herink (formerly called A. ostoyae ) is one of many species of the genus collectively known as shoestring root-rot fungi or honey mushrooms. (doe.gov)
  • A forest floor dark honey fungus, or Armillaria ostoyae. (nytimes.com)
  • Its scientific name is Armillaria ostoyae, but you can call it The Humongous Fungus. (nytimes.com)
  • But Armillaria ostoyae has it beat. (atlasobscura.com)
  • And this individual is still overshadowed by its cousin, an Armillaria ostoyae fungus in Oregon's Blue Mountains. (atlasobscura.com)
  • Armillaria ostoyae, or the honey mushroom, the fungus is 3.5 miles across and takes up 1,665 football fields. (answers.com)
  • The largest living thing ever discovered is the fungus Armillaria ostoyae. (answers.com)
  • Armillaria viridiflava is a species of agaric fungus in the family Physalacriaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armillaria Root Rot: Biology and Control of Honey Fungus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armillaria limonea is a white rot wood decay fungus and root disease pathogen that has confirmed presence in New Zealand only, where it is presumed to be indigenous. (cabi.org)
  • Armillaria novae-zelandiae is a white rot wood decay fungus and root disease pathogen that occurs in a number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere and in parts of tropical and subtropical Asia. (cabi.org)
  • Here's a map showing just how big the Humongous Fungus, highlighted in red, is compared to other, less humongous Armillaria (in yellow). (businessinsider.com)
  • It seems likely that many finds go unrecorded, as it is easy to confuse this rare species for the much more common and widespread Honey Fungus Armillaria mellea . (first-nature.com)
  • Armillaria mellea , commonly referred to as Honey Fungus, generally has a much chunkier persistent stem ring. (first-nature.com)
  • This month's fungus of the month is one of the honey mushrooms, Armillaria nabsnona . (wisc.edu)
  • This month's fungus is the third species of Armillaria to make Fungus of the Month! (wisc.edu)
  • You may have also already read about the tenth anniversary of the humongous fungus, Armillaria gallica in 2002. (wisc.edu)
  • Armillaria mellea is a fungus that is naturally found in trees in California and that is commonly called oak root fungus. (gardeningknowhow.com)
  • The Armillaria fungus breaks down the cellulose and lignin in the oak tree's tissues and can eventually cause death. (sfgate.com)
  • Armillaria fungus can live for years in the roots of healthy trees. (sfgate.com)
  • Honey fungus, or Armillaria , comprises a genus of parasitic fungi that infect a variety of plants. (irontreeservice.com)
  • Armillaria root rot, a product of the fungus Armillaria, results in the needles of an Alberta spruce turning brown, but this is a small concern when compared to the damage that the root rot is capable of. (ehow.com)
  • Armillaria which contains the honey agaric , A . mellea ( Fig. 7-4) and the mushroom root rot fungus A. tabescens . (angelfire.com)
  • Hereath HMTB, Jacob M, Wilson AD, Abbas HK and Nanayakkara NPD (2012) New secondary metabolites from bioactive extracts of the fungus Armillaria tabescens. (eurasianjournals.com)
  • Armillaria gallica is a facultative parasitic fungus which is the only nutrient source of Gastrodia elata during its cultivation.Chitinase,as a glycosidic hydrolytic enzyme,plays an important role in the growth,development,stress tolerance and symbiotic signal transduction of A. gallica. (bvsalud.org)
  • Honey fungus is the common name given to several different species of fungi ( Armillaria ) that attack and kill the roots of many woody and perennial plants. (rhs.org.uk)
  • Honey fungus is the common name of several species of fungi within the genus Armillaria . (rhs.org.uk)
  • That's the estimate for the size of the famed Armillaria gallica fungus in Crystal Falls,* Michigan, deemed the world's single largest organism when it was discovered in the late 1980s. (atlasobscura.com)
  • Haploid vegetative mycelia of Armillaria gallica show among-cell-line variation for growth and phenotypic plasticity. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We isolated two sets of basidiome cell lines (from spores and stipe cells) and one set of vegetative cell lines (from an attached rhizomorph) from a single contiguous Armillaria gallica mycelium. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Although many types of Armillaria fungi cause Armillaria rot, the Armillaria mellea and Armillaria gallica fungi are among the most common causal agents. (sfgate.com)
  • Armillaria gallica frequently infects plants that are suffering from environmental stress, or other infections. (irontreeservice.com)
  • However, Armillaria gallica establishes large rhizomorphs that are easily visible. (irontreeservice.com)
  • Plant species of known susceptibility to Armillaria and comparisons between virulent A. mellea and opportunistic A. gallica were used to validate the assay. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Clones of the honey mushroom, Armillaria gallica , produce average-sized mushrooms, but their mycelial networks have been estimated to cover areas up to 15 hectares, with a mass of 10,000 kg (comparable to a blue whale), and an age of 1500 years (Smith et al. (tolweb.org)
  • Armillaria gallica can get very, very big. (atlasobscura.com)
  • Armillaria is a genus of fungi that includes the A. mellea species known as honey fungi that live on trees and woody shrubs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal DNA has shown that within the genus Armillaria , this species is most closely related to A. solidipes and A. gemina . (wikipedia.org)
  • Species of the fungal genus Armillaria are associated with forest ecosystems worldwide. (fed.us)
  • Armillaria is a fungal genus associated with woody plants of diverse ecosystems of North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and Australia. (fed.us)
  • Many of the detail are on another of my pages, The state of taxonomy of the genus Armillaria , but I'll summarize that here. (wisc.edu)
  • You can read about the details of how this was accomplished in The state of taxonomy of the genus Armillaria , but the end result was that there are TEN North American Biological Species (NABS) and five European Biological species (EBS), along with many other biological species from around the world. (wisc.edu)
  • An Armillaria sinapina in nahilalakip ha genus nga Armillaria , ngan familia nga Physalacriaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Tom Volk has made available on the web his key to Armillaria species, accompanied by lots of information on the history and taxonomy of the genus. (cornell.edu)
  • Armillaria possesses several intriguing characteristics that have inspired wide interest in understanding phylogenetic relationships within and among species of this genus. (elsevier.com)
  • Although none (that we know of) are as big, there are many others in the Armillaria genus. (nytimes.com)
  • Armillaria tabescens differed from all annulate species. (ac.rs)
  • Photo 1057-25: Ringless honey mushrooms (Armillaria tabescens. (asergeev.com)
  • Ringless honey mushrooms (Armillaria tabescens) in Mercer Arboretum and Botanical Gardens. (asergeev.com)
  • Photo 1297-18: Ringless honey mushrooms (Armillaria tabescens. (asergeev.com)
  • Ringless honey mushrooms (Armillaria tabescens) emitting white spores in Lick Creek Park . (asergeev.com)
  • Armillaria ponderosa, the American matsutake mushroom , commonly called the pine mushroom , is one of the most highly prized mushrooms in the Pacific Northwest. (angelfire.com)
  • Photo 2348-18: Mature northern honey mushrooms (Armillaria. (asergeev.com)
  • Mature northern honey mushrooms ( Armillaria borealis ) on a stump near Kavgolovskoe Lake in Rappolovo - Toksovo, north from Saint Petersburg. (asergeev.com)
  • Photo 1256-15: Emerging honey mushrooms Armillaria borealis in. (asergeev.com)
  • Armillaria borealis is a species of mushroom in the Physalacriaceae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armillaria borealis Marxm. (first-nature.com)
  • Nowadays it is generally accepted that there are several distinct species, one of which, Armillaria borealis, was only recognised as recently as 1982. (first-nature.com)
  • Armillaria borealis has a very catholic taste for timber, appearing (generally quite high up) on a wide range of broadleaf and coniferous trees, including (as seen here) pines. (first-nature.com)
  • This woodland mushroom was accepted as a separate species, Armillaria borealis , following a 1982 publication in France by German mycologist Helga Marxmüller and Finnish mycologist Kari Korhonen. (first-nature.com)
  • Borealis means 'of the north', and indeed records show that Armillaria borealis is most common in northern parts of Europe. (first-nature.com)
  • We therefore recommend that Armillaria borealis , which in any case is a rare species in Britain and therefore worthy of conservation, should not be collected for the pot. (first-nature.com)
  • According to this survey five European Armillaria species are present in the forests of Serbia and Montenegro, while A. borealis is not present in the studied ecosystems. (ac.rs)
  • Detection of Hispidin by a Luminescent System from Basidiomycete Armillaria borealis. (nih.gov)
  • Coarse-scale population structure of pathogenic Armillaria species in a mixed-conifer forest in the Blue Mountains of northeast Oregon. (usda.gov)
  • The coarse-scale population structure of pathogenic Armillaria (Fr. (usda.gov)
  • The damage caused by this weakly pathogenic Armillaria species on broadleaved trees is minor. (gc.ca)
  • Damage that may be caused by weakly pathogenic Armillaria species can be reduced by maintaining a high level of tree vigour. (gc.ca)
  • In Norway, every fifth Norway spruce shows at final harvest infection by pathogenic white-rot fungi in the genera Heterobasidion and Armillaria . (mdpi.com)
  • However they find their hosts, pathogenic Armillaria are ancient. (nytimes.com)
  • In New Zealand, Armillariella mellea sensu G. Stevenson, Agaricus melleus sensu Cooke and Armillaria mellea sensu Massee were used for both A . limonea and Armillaria novae-zelandiae (G. Stevenson) Herink before it was accepted that Armillaria mellea (Vahl) Kumm. (cabi.org)
  • Armillaria can be a destructive forest pathogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • RMRS scientists are using DNA-based tools to correctly identify Armillaria species, which helps identify where invasive pathogen risks may occur. (fed.us)
  • Thus, Armillaria species from another continent or region may represent an invasive pathogen risk to a region or continent on which Armillariaspecies with the same name are known to occur. (fed.us)
  • Continued DNA-based taxonomic studies are needed to more accurately assess invasive pathogen risks associated with Armillaria species. (fed.us)
  • The basidiomycetous tree pathogen Armillaria mellea (honey mushroom) produces a large variety of structurally related antibiotically active and phytotoxic natural products, referred to as the melleolides. (leibniz-hki.de)
  • Like many other Armillaria species it is recognized by characteristic white mycelial fans or ribbons produced beneath host bark, and by its bootlace-like rhizomorphs by which it spreads vegetatively from colonized buried woody material or stump root systems to infect living host plants. (cabi.org)
  • 2011). This study aims to determine how long rhizomorphs of two different Armillaria species survive either in loam or peat-free compost. (rhs.org.uk)
  • The rhizomorphs produced by most species of Armillaria dwell too deep in the soil to be easily detected. (irontreeservice.com)
  • Mortality and diagnostic symptoms of Armillaria root disease such as epiphytic rhizomorphs and mycelial fans were used to assess levels of infection. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • In a genetic analysis published Monday in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, they uncovered tactics that help Armillaria develop their unusual rhizomorphs, grow so big and get so good at killing host plants. (nytimes.com)
  • Reviews about the taxonomy of Armillaria were provided by Watling et al. (padil.gov.au)
  • Findings: DNA-based phylogenetic analyses identify different Armillaria species in North America (Ross-Davis et al. (fed.us)
  • Phylogenetic analysis was performed on sequence information from selected isolates to determine possible interrelationships between isolates with different banding patterns and previously identified tester isolates of five European Armillaria species. (ac.rs)
  • Phylogenetic analysis supported the conclusion that European Armillaria species are closely related and separated from a common ancestor in the near past. (ac.rs)
  • Nuclear ribosomal DNA sequence-based analyses of Armillaria provide only limited information for phylogenetic studies among widely divergent taxa. (elsevier.com)
  • More recent studies have shown that translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef1) sequences are quite informative for phylogenetic analysis of Armillaria species within diverse global regions. (elsevier.com)
  • This study used Neighbor-net and coalescence-based Bayesian analyses to examine phylogenetic relationships of newly determined and existing tef1 sequences derived from diverse Armillaria species from across the Northern Hemisphere, with Southern Hemisphere Armillaria species included for reference. (elsevier.com)
  • This study further demonstrates the utility of tef1 for global phylogenetic studies of Armillaria species and provides critical insights into multiple taxonomic issues that warrant further study. (elsevier.com)
  • Because of the dissimilarity of mtDNA fragment patterns between biological species, other approaches are needed to resolve phylogenetic relationships within Armillaria. (carleton.ca)
  • 2) Mellea superclade including undescribed annulate North American Armillaria sp. (elsevier.com)
  • In eastern states in Australia, A . novae-zelandiae is a minor cause of root disease in natural and planted forests, where it is of lesser importance than Armillaria luteobubalina . (cabi.org)
  • Species of Armillaria are associated with diverse ecological functions, including root disease pathogens, beneficial decomposers, and beneficial root associates (symbionts) of orchids. (fed.us)
  • Management of Armillaria root rot (ARR) of perennial crops is challenging and requires an integrated approach. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
  • Armillaria root rot (ARR) is a soil-borne disease affecting virtually all woody plants and even herbacious plants. (plantmanagementnetwork.org)
  • Mortality from Armillaria root rot is a major concern of forest management. (oregonstate.edu)
  • What is Armillaria Root Rot of Grapes? (gardeningknowhow.com)
  • A grapevine with armillaria root rot is difficult or impossible to successfully treat. (gardeningknowhow.com)
  • Armillaria root rot is often called shoestring root rot, toadstool disease and mushroom root rot. (sfgate.com)
  • Grapevine root rot, caused by Armillaria mellea , is a serious disease in some grape-growing regions. (apsnet.org)
  • Young grapevines start to show symptoms of Armillaria root rot from the second year after inoculation, suggesting a certain degree of resistance in young roots. (apsnet.org)
  • Armillaria root rot threatens Cameroon's Penja pepper (Piper nigrum L. (cirad.fr)
  • The disease symptoms are characterized by collar cracking and gummosis and the disease was tentatively identified as Armillaria root rot. (cirad.fr)
  • Armillaria root disease can cause a resinous, gummy or liquid substance to appear on the lower trunk that can be mistaken for bleeding symptoms of sudden oak death. (gardenguides.com)
  • Armillaria root rot rarely infects healthy coast redwoods. (gardenguides.com)
  • To identify armillaria root rot, pull back the tree's bark. (gardenguides.com)
  • There is no cure for armillaria root rot. (gardenguides.com)
  • Armillaria causes problems of root rot, kill trees and decay wood in the forests of Serbia and Montenegro, but the species involved have not hitherto been identified. (ac.rs)
  • Armillaria root disease. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • We also attempted to reduce assay preparation time by substituting woody inocula with agar inocula, but typical symptoms of Armillaria root disease were only observed on plants infected with woody inocula. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Resistance or Susceptibility of Certain Plants to Armillaria Root Rot. (pnwhandbooks.org)
  • Armillaria shoestring root rot is a fungal infection of cherry laurels caused by several species of Armillaria fungi. (sfgate.com)
  • Armillaria shoestring root rot also produces a white, felt-like growth between the bark and the wood at the base of the tree and the roots. (sfgate.com)
  • An extensive report on armillaria root disease has been completed by Ensis. (nzffa.org.nz)
  • Armillaria limonea (G. Stevenson) Boesewinkel is a distinct species with its own unique morphology and molecular identity, which was found to be intersterile with other species, including the closely related Armillaria luteobubalina Watling and Kile, in pairing studies using haploid isolates ( Kile and Watling, 1988 ). (cabi.org)
  • Sampling of recently dead or live, symptomatic conifers produced 112 isolates of Armillaria from six tree species. (usda.gov)
  • Analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) locus suggested that the isolates collected from S. mombin and P. nigrum are most likely, which is a first for both hosts, represented by Armillaria camerunensis (Henn. (cirad.fr)
  • Five Armillaria species were identified in 90 isolates obtained from forests in Serbia and Montenegro. (ac.rs)
  • Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction fragment patterns of 23 isolates from eight North American biological species of Armillaria were compared. (carleton.ca)
  • List of Armillaria species Volk TJ, Burdsall HH Jr. (1995). (wikipedia.org)
  • List of Armillaria species Courtecuisse R. (1995). (wikipedia.org)
  • Armillaria limonea (along with A . novae-zelandiae ) was the cause of substantial disease losses in plantations of Pinus radiata planted on sites cleared of native forest in New Zealand during the 1970s and 1980s. (cabi.org)
  • Armillaria novae-zelandiae was the cause of substantial disease losses in plantations of Pinus radiata and orchards of kiwifruit vines ( Actinidia deliciosa ) in New Zealand from the 1970s to the 1990s. (cabi.org)
  • Armillaria novae-zelandiae is listed in the EPPO Global Database and features in the United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service fungal databases. (cabi.org)
  • Armillaria novae-zelandiae is a well-defined species that demonstrates monophyletic, within-species molecular variation. (cabi.org)
  • Until the late 1970s, most plant pathologists referred to all annulate Northern Hemisphere species of Armillaria as A. mellea (sensu lato). (padil.gov.au)
  • Armillaria appears to have co-evolved with woody plants over the last ~100+ million years, which resulted in different species residing in the Northern Hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere. (fed.us)
  • Our collaborative work with scientists from 15 countries focused on DNA-based analyses of Armillaria species from the Northern Hemisphere. (fed.us)
  • Although previous studies indicate that some Armillaria species are present in both North America and Eurasia, our results indicate that some Armillaria species (same taxonomic name) likely represent different species that are associated with diverse regions of the Northern Hemisphere. (fed.us)
  • Armillaria nabsnona Volk & Burdsall was described by us from specimens I collected on the Olympic Peninsula in 1994, just after the North American Mycological Association (NAMA) annual foray was held at Port Townsend, Washington. (wisc.edu)
  • Up until fairly recently there was considered to be only a single species of Armillaria , namely Armillaria mellea (Vahl:Fr. (wisc.edu)
  • Until the late 1970s Armillaria mellea (Vahl:Fr. (wisc.edu)
  • Armillaria mellea (Vahl:Fr. (apsnet.org)
  • Field experiments were conducted in Minnesota to evaluate interspecific differential susceptibility and to assess whether density or species composition, specifically the proportion of conifers in a plot, influences seedling mortality from Armillaria spp. (oregonstate.edu)
  • A nomenclatural study of Armillaria and Armillariella species (Basidiomycotina, Tricholomataceae)" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Armillaria obscura sensu Marxmuller and Armillariella polymyces sensu Sing. (padil.gov.au)
  • However, they neglected a species described by Charles H. Peck in 1900, which we show in a recently published paper to be NABS I. Because the oldest name takes precedent, the correct name for NABS I is Armillaria solidipes . (wisc.edu)
  • Please confirm that you want to SAVE all your changes for 'Armillaria solidipes 28-4 v1.0' . (doe.gov)
  • You may have already heard about our discovery and description of Armillaria nabsnona , honey mushroom number nine, from the Olympic Peninsula in Washington. (wisc.edu)
  • Vegetative mycelial cells of Armillaria are expected to have diploid nuclei. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Research suggests a possible link between rhizomorph production and the pathogenicity of Armillaria species (Redfern and Filip, 1991). (rhs.org.uk)
  • The pathogenicity of Armillaria species ranges from mild to severe. (irontreeservice.com)
  • of an agaric is the honey mushroom ( Armillaria mellea ). (britannica.com)
  • The factors being tested are the size of the piece of severed rhizomorph, the species of Armillaria , the growing media, and the length of time. (rhs.org.uk)
  • The Maori word harore is a term used especially for the common New Zealand Armillaria species fruiting in winter, but also loosely for other edible agarics or fungi in general. (cabi.org)
  • Purification and characterization of a ribonuclease from the wild edible mushroom Armillaria luteo-virens. (bvsalud.org)
  • A 15 kDa ribonuclease (RNase) was purified from dried fruiting bodies of the wild edible mushroom Armillaria luteo-virens. (bvsalud.org)
  • Armillaria nabsnona , a new species from western North America. (wisc.edu)
  • Let me tell you about the first time I saw Armillaria nabsnona -- although of course I didn't know it at the time. (wisc.edu)
  • Methods being developed to control this disease include establishment of stands using robust planting stock either physiologically or genetically more resistant to infection, dipping roots in a trichoderma based product prior to planting, and treatment of stumps with competitive decay fungi to deny armillaria an innoculum substrate and thereby reducing its ability to attack adjacent pine trees. (nzffa.org.nz)
  • All Armillaria species have a white spore print and none have a volva (cup at base) (compare Amanita). (wikipedia.org)
  • are separated from Armillaria by its yellowish to greenish-yellow tone and a dark brown to grey-brown spore print. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the hosts of Armillaria tend to be trees and woody shrubs, often used as focal points, which are usually replanted with something similar. (rhs.org.uk)
  • Conventional Armillaria inoculation assays use young saplings as hosts and consequently are cumbersome, frequently conducted outdoors and take many years from establishment to analysis of infection. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • We have developed and evaluated a faster inoculation assay for Armillaria that uses herbaceous plants as hosts, is carried out in controlled conditions and reduces experimental durations to three months. (bristol.ac.uk)
  • Some species of Armillaria display bioluminescence, resulting in foxfire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oak trees are generally healthy and long-living, but occasionally fungal diseases such as Armillaria rot cause damage or death. (sfgate.com)
  • A collaborative project between the Programa de Fitopatología, Colegio de Postgraduados, Texcoco, Estado de Mexico and the USDA Forest Service - RMRS, Moscow Forest Pathology Laboratory has begun this year (2011) to assess which species of Armillaria are causing widespread and severe damage to the peach orchards from México state, Mexico. (usda.gov)
  • Because Armillaria is a facultative saprophyte, it also feeds on dead plant material, allowing it to kill its host, unlike parasites that must moderate their growth to avoid host death. (wikipedia.org)