An ancient country in western Asia, by the twentieth century divided among the former USSR, Turkey, and Iran. It was attacked at various times from before the 7th century B.C. to 69 B.C. by Assyrians, Medes, Persians, the Greeks under Alexander, and the Romans. It changed hands frequently in wars between Neo-Persian and Roman Empires from the 3d to 7th centuries and later under Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantines, and Mongols. In the 19th century Armenian nationalism arose but suffered during Russo-Turkish hostilities. It became part of the Soviet Republic in 1921, with part remaining under Turkey. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.
A group of HEREDITARY AUTOINFLAMMATION DISEASES, characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, headache, rash, PLEURISY; and ARTHRITIS. ORCHITIS; benign MENINGITIS; and AMYLOIDOSIS may also occur. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in marenostrin gene result in autosomal recessive transmission; simple heterozygous, autosomal dominant form of the disease.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.
Minute projections of cell membranes which greatly increase the surface area of the cell.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Congenital disorder of lambs caused by a virus closely related to or identical with certain strains of bovine viral diarrhea virus.
A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.
Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
An enduring attitude or sentiment toward persons or objects manifested by anger, aversion and desire for the misfortune of others.
The name given to all Christian denominations, sects, or groups rising out of the Reformation. Protestant churches generally agree that the principle of authority should be the Scriptures rather than the institutional church or the pope. (from W.L. Reese, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion, 1999)
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).

Mutation and haplotype studies of familial Mediterranean fever reveal new ancestral relationships and evidence for a high carrier frequency with reduced penetrance in the Ashkenazi Jewish population. (1/54)

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessive disorder characterized by episodes of fever with serositis or synovitis. The FMF gene (MEFV) was cloned recently, and four missense mutations were identified. Here we present data from non-Ashkenazi Jewish and Arab patients in whom we had not originally found mutations and from a new, more ethnically diverse panel. Among 90 symptomatic mutation-positive individuals, 11 mutations accounted for 79% of carrier chromosomes. Of the two mutations that are novel, one alters the same residue (680) as a previously known mutation, and the other (P369S) is located in exon 3. Consistent with another recent report, the E148Q mutation was observed in patients of several ethnicities and on multiple microsatellite haplotypes, but haplotype data indicate an ancestral relationships between non-Jewish Italian and Ashkenazi Jewish patients with FMF and other affected populations. Among approximately 200 anonymous Ashkenazi Jewish DNA samples, the MEFV carrier frequency was 21%, with E148Q the most common mutation. Several lines of evidence indicate reduced penetrance among Ashkenazi Jews, especially for E148Q, P369S, and K695R. Nevertheless, E148Q helps account for recessive inheritance in an Ashkenazi family previously reported as an unusual case of dominantly inherited FMF. The presence of three frequent MEFV mutations in multiple Mediterranean populations strongly suggests a heterozygote advantage in this geographic region.  (+info)

MEFV-Gene analysis in armenian patients with Familial Mediterranean fever: diagnostic value and unfavorable renal prognosis of the M694V homozygous genotype-genetic and therapeutic implications. (2/54)

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessively inherited disorder that is common in patients of Armenian ancestry. To date, its diagnosis, which can be made only retrospectively, is one of exclusion, based entirely on nonspecific clinical signs that result from serosal inflammation and that may lead to unnecessary surgery. Renal amyloidosis, prevented by colchicine, is the most severe complication of FMF, a disorder associated with mutations in the MEFV gene. To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of MEFV-gene analysis, we investigated 90 Armenian FMF patients from 77 unrelated families that were not selected through genetic-linkage analysis. Eight mutations, one of which (R408Q) is new, were found to account for 93% of the 163 independent FMF alleles, with both FMF alleles identified in 89% of the patients. In several instances, family studies provided molecular evidence for pseudodominant transmission and incomplete penetrance of the disease phenotype. The M694V homozygous genotype was found to be associated with a higher prevalence of renal amyloidosis and arthritis, compared with other genotypes (P=.0002 and P=.006, respectively). The demonstration of both the diagnostic and prognostic value of MEFV analysis and particular modes of inheritance should lead to new ways for management of FMF-including genetic counseling and therapeutic decisions in affected families.  (+info)

Epidemic investigation of diphtheria in the Republic of Armenia, 1990-1996. (3/54)

While incidence rates of diphtheria steadily declined in Armenia after World War II, reemergence of the disease in 1990 brought about changes in public health practices and identified resource needs. The Armenian Ministry of Health (MOH) routinely collected diphtheria case reports, as a reportable health outcome. Diphtheria incidence rates increased from 0.02/100,000 in 1993 to 1/100,000 (36 cases) in 1994. The distribution of cases showed that the greatest number of illnesses and deaths occurred among persons 5-14 years old, yet incidence rates among persons 1-4 and 5-14 years old were similar (4. 4 cases/ and 4.3 cases/100,000, respectively). During 1990-1996, 9 (75%) of 12 cases who died and 18 (21%) of 84 cases who survived had not been vaccinated. The diphtheria epidemic in Armenia was an important, serious, and signal public health event. The Armenian MOH responded by revising immunization practices (1994), improving epidemic control measures (1995), and soliciting international resources (1992-1996).  (+info)

Identification of MEFV-independent modifying genetic factors for familial Mediterranean fever. (4/54)

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessively inherited disorder predisposing to renal amyloidosis and associated with mutations in MEFV, a gene encoding a protein of unknown function. Differences in clinical expression have been attributed to MEFV-allelic heterogeneity, with the M694V/M694V genotype associated with a high prevalence of renal amyloidosis. However, the variable risk for patients with identical MEFV mutations to develop this severe complication, prevented by lifelong administration of colchicine, strongly suggests a role for other genetic and/or environmental factors. To overcome the well-known difficulties in the identification of modifying genetic factors, we investigated a relatively homogeneous population sample consisting of 137 Armenian patients with FMF from 127 independent families living in Armenia. We selected the SAA1, SAA2, and APOE genes-encoding serum amyloid proteins and apolipoprotein E, respectively-as well as the patients' sex, as candidate modifiers for renal amyloidosis. A stepwise logistic-regression analysis showed that the SAA1alpha/alpha genotype was associated with a sevenfold increased risk for renal amyloidosis, compared with other SAA1 genotypes (odds ratio [OR] 6. 9; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5-19.0). This association, which was present whatever the MEFV genotype, was extremely marked in patients homozygous for M694V (11/11). The risk for male patients of developing renal amyloidosis was fourfold higher than that for female patients (OR=4.0; 95% CI=1.5-10.8). This association, particularly marked in patients who were not homozygous for M694V (34.0% vs. 11.6%), was independent of SAA1-allelic variations. Polymorphisms in the SAA2 or APOE gene did not appear to influence susceptibility to renal amyloidosis. Overall, these data, which provide new insights into the pathophysiology of FMF, demonstrate that susceptibility to renal amyloidosis in this Mendelian disorder is influenced by at least two MEFV-independent factors of genetic origin-SAA1 and sex-that act independently of each other.  (+info)

Phenotype-genotype correlation in 91 patients with familial Mediterranean fever reveals a high frequency of cutaneomucous features. (5/54)

OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical manifestations of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) in 91 patients from 47 families and provide data from the genetic study. P:atients and methods. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 91 patients (including 83 children aged <15 yr) from 47 families through a questionnaire and a specific database. The genetic analysis included complete screening of known mutations of the MEFV gene on chromosome 16p13.3. A positive diagnosis required at least two mutations, one on each chromosome. RESULTS: Our panel included 52 females and 39 males, with a mean age of 7.27 yr. Of the 47 families, 31 were non-Ashkenazi Jews, 10 were Armenians and six were from other ethnic groups. Clinical features included fever (100%), peritonitis (86%), pleuritis (56%), arthritis (34%) and myalgias (27%). We observed a high rate of cutaneous manifestations (47%); erythema, oedema and recurrent oral ulcers were the most frequent. Phenotype-genotype correlations showed a significant association of M694V homozygosity with earlier age of onset (P: = 0.044), fever >39 degrees C (P: = 0. 002), pleural crisis (P: = 0.0044), splenomegaly (P: = 0.0005) and arthritis (P: = 0.001). Associations with mucocutaneous features were as follows: erysipelas-like erythema (P: = 0.012), oedema (P: = 0.61, not significant) and oral ulcers (P: = 0.45, not significant). CONCLUSION: New phenotype-genotype correlations emerged from our study: homozygosity for the M694V mutation was associated with intensity of fever, splenomegaly and with erysipelas-like erythema. Apart from erysipelas-like erythema, no significant association was found between other cutaneous features and the genotype.  (+info)

Republican Scientific-Medical Library, The Republic of Armenia: progress and programs. (6/54)

In 1990, the Republican Scientific-Medical Library (RSML) of the Ministry of Health of Armenia in collaboration with the Fund for Armenian Relief created a vision of a national library network supported by information technology. This vision incorporated four goals: (1) to develop a national resource collection of biomedical literature accessible to all health professionals, (2) to develop a national network for access to bibliographic information, (3) to develop a systematic mechanism for sharing resources, and (4) to develop a national network of health sciences libraries. During the last decade, the RSML has achieved significant progress toward all four goals and has realized its vision of becoming a fully functional national library. The RSML now provides access to the literature of the health sciences including access to the Armenian medical literature, provides education and training to health professionals and health sciences librarians, and manages a national network of libraries of the major health care institutions in Armenia. The RSML is now able to provide rapid access to the biomedical literature and train health professionals and health sciences librarians in Armenia in information system use. This paper describes the evolution of the RSML and how it was accomplished.  (+info)

Chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes of persons exposed to an earthquake in Armenia. (7/54)

OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to determine the level of chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes of victims of the 1988 earthquake in Armenia. METHODS: Chromosome aberrations were measured in blood samples taken from 41 victims of the earthquake that hit Armenia in 1988 and in samples of 47 reference blood donors. The victims suffered from severe psychoemotional stress but were otherwise healthy. All the samples were taken 2 to 3 weeks after the earthquake. All the subjects were lifetime nonsmokers. The cells were scored blind as to the exposure status. RESULTS: The subjects exposed to the earthquake had a higher proportion of cells with chromosome aberrations [3.1 (SD 2.1)%] than the referents [1.7 (SD 1.3)%, P-value for the difference 0.0009]. The difference persisted when the values were adjusted for age and gender [relative risk (RR) 1.9, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.4-2.5]. The difference was present for double breaks (RR 4.1, 95% CI 2.6-6.4), but not for single breaks (RR 1.1, 95% CI 0.8-1.7). The exposed subjects also had a lower percentage of cells with 46 chromosomes (P=0.03) than the referents. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests an increase in chromosome aberrations in the lymphocytes of victims of a severe earthquake as compared with the levels of referents. If not due to bias or confounding, the difference may reflect the effect of either environmental exposures related to the earthquake or severe psychogenic stress. The levels of chromosome aberrations found among the earthquake victims in this study are comparable with those found in prospective studies of long-term cancer risk.  (+info)

MEFV mutations and phenotype-genotype correlations in North African Jews and Armenians with familial Mediterranean fever. (8/54)

BACKGROUND: Familial Mediterranean fever is a genetic disease in which some characteristic gene mutations have been found. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the phenotype-genotype correlations in North African Jews and Armenians with FMF. METHODS: We studied MEFV gene mutations and phenotype-genotype correlations in North African Jews and Armenians with Familial Mediterranean Fever living in France. RESULTS: M694V mutation was the most common mutation in Jews and in Armenians. Patients with M680I homozygosity or M680I/M694V compound heterozygosity had a phenotype as severe as patients with M694V homozygosity. CONCLUSIONS: This study characterizes the phenotype-genotype in specific ethnic groups of patients with FMF.  (+info)

Speaking of the typical Armenian: For 25 years and counting, the typical Armenian in Armenia has been more interested about how his wealthy neighbors are living than with trying to build a life for himself. For 25 years and counting, the typical Armenian in Armenia has been more prone to sitting back and complaining about having no work and no money than actually making an effort to look for work, any kind of work, to make money. Employers in Armenia actually have problems with finding laborers and service sector workers not because such workers dont exist but because many Armenians refuse to do demeaning work. Needless to say, those who refrain from doing menial work in Armenia dont have any problems with doing any kind of demeaning/degrading work when they are in foreign countries. For 25 years and counting, the typical Armenian in Armenia has been using abortion as a primary method of contraception and as a means of genociding females. For 25 years and counting, the typical Armenian in ...
On March 2, 2007, the American University of Armenia hosted the 2nd National Meeting of the Coalition for Tobacco Free Armenia (http://www.tobaccofreearmenia.am). The Coalition was formed in June 11, 2004 and is a voluntary union of 25 NGOs. This meeting was dedicated to the second anniversary of the adoption of the Law on Tobacco Realization, Consumption and Usage Limitations in the Republic of Armenia and the ratification of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).. The last few years were a time of tangible changes in tobacco control legislation and public movement. The main purpose of the meeting was to report on the activities of the Coalition for Tobacco Free Armenia and to discuss the role of civil society in future enhancement of tobacco control policies. Dr. Haroutune Armenian, the President of American University of Armenia, and Dr. Artavazd Vanyan, Chief of Sanitary Epidemiological Control Department greeted the 2nd National Meeting participants.. Dr. Armenian mentioned ...
Model fish farm developed by FAO in Ararat province recirculates 70 percent of flow-through water. Yerevan, Armenia, 12 December 2017 - A model fish-production farm that uses new, water-saving production methods is being inaugurated today in Sayat-Nova, in Armenias Ararat province. The new installation was made possible by an FAO project and a public private-partnership.. Groundwater levels in the Ararat Valley have been falling in recent years due to overutilization - by aquaculture and other sectors. At the request of the Government of Armenia, FAO developed an efficient solution for maintaining fish production while significantly reducing water use.. The new facility, based on the FAO system and built under FAOs technical supervision, was officially opened today with a ceremony attended by Armenian Minister of Agricujlture Ignati Arakelyan, FAO Representative in Armenia Raimund Jehle, officials of the ministries of Agriculture and of Nature Protection, and representatives of other ...
Dr. Sui Chien Wong joined the team of EyeCare Project Physicians in 2014, when the London-based ophthalmologist got a call from the EyeCare Projects Founder Dr. Roger Ohanesian.. Dr. Ohanesian shared with Dr. Wong the overwhelming number of babies in Armenia who were going blind due to a debilitating eye disease called Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) that affects premature infants.. Knowing of Dr. Wongs expertise in this field, Dr. Ohanesian urged the exceptional ophthalmologist to get involved with the EyeCare Project and save infants in Armenia from a lifetime of blindness. Its not right for babies to go blind when there is potential treatment, Dr. Wong said when talking of his decision. I couldnt refuse that request.. Dr. Wong made his first trip to Armenia in 2014, and has now made 11 visits (and counting) to the country to perform surgery and train Armenian physicians - he makes the trip from London about every three months.. When in Armenia, Dr. Wong performs sight-saving ...
I spoke to Nvard Margaryan, president of PINK Armenia, an NGO advocating for LGBT rights, about these hostile attitudes. Margaryan quotes forthcoming research showing that over 90% of Armenians want homosexuality to be restricted by law. Around a third of respondents believe that homosexuality is the result of a childs wrong upbringing. Founded in 2007, PINK Armenia promotes public awareness of LGBT rights - its mission is to create a safe space for LGBT people in Armenia by promoting legal, psychological and social protection. But NGOs like PINK Armenia are in a delicate situation. PINK and associated LGBT activists and allies have experienced hate crimes and security threats because of their work. The most chilling case came two days after heated parliamentary elections in May 2012, a group of young neo-nationalists firebombed DIY, a gay-friendly pub in Yerevan. More worryingly, the bombing and its aftermath put an end to the desire of opposition groups to mobilise around the alleged ...
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By Seda Grigoryan. I don t know. Must I pass all this down to my kids or not ? I don t know. Should I continue to remain Armenian or just get on with life?. These are two types of existence of the scale that don t fully equate but that counterbalance the other given the dictates of reality to live or remain Armenian.. The young French-Armenian woman came clean on behalf of all diaspora youth who wage another battle in the overall battle of daily life to remain Armenian. Is the preservation of Armenian identity given such prominence and thought; is it that mandatory? Isn t it hard enough just to live without trying to maintain ones national identity in a society where western values hold sway? Such questions are faced by many diaspora Armenian youth who still recognize their Armenian roots and who say that they are Armenian, in addition to being French, Belgian and American.. 20 year-old Rouben I feel different from the French When you re young you don t give the matter much thought. But when ...
Nvard Mafaryan, Pink Armenia Project Coordinator, travelled from Armenia to Istanbul to take part in the panel titled LGBTI Struggle in Neighbouring Armenia organized on the occasion of the 23rd LGBTI Pride Week, and spoke to AGOS about the LGBTI community in Armenia that is trying to protect its existence against the homophobia of the State and media, and the intersections between the rights
Choose from 9 Bed and Breakfasts in Armenia and read 42 customer reviews. View all the Bed and Breakfasts in Armenia on a map. Book Armenia Bed and Breakfasts online with Hostelworld.com.
ESI report: Noahs Dove Returns. Armenia, Turkey and the Debate on Genocide (21 April 2009). Also available in Armenian: Նոյի Աղավնին Վերադառնում է. Հայաստանը, Թուրքիան և քննարկումները Ցեղասպանության շուրջ. Executive summary in Armenian, German, French, and Turkish. Armenias population is 3,2 million, its population growth negative, at around -0.3.[1] It is estimated that over 0.5 percent of the population migrate out of the country each year. Close to half the population is concentrated in Yerevan, with approximately 1.3 million inhabitants. The next largest city, Gyumri, has a population of around 210.100. The country is composed of 10 regions, also called marzes.. According to the Human Development Index (HDI) of 2006 published by UNDP, Armenia ranks 80th out of 177 countries.[2] Armenia is a remarkable 12th - with 99.4 percent - in adult literacy.. In 1994 the Armenian Government launched an ambitious IMF-sponsored ...
Honorable President of the Republic of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan,. Honorable President of the Republic of Artsakh Bako Sahakyan,. Your Holiness,. Generals, Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, Cadets, Enlisted Personnel,. Special Civil Servants,. Dear Compatriots,. Today we are celebrating the 25th anniversary of the foundation of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Armenia. The Armenian Army is a greatest occasion for happiness and pride not only in Armenia and Artsakh, but also for our compatriots living in all over the world. Every Armenian knows that thanks to that Army the Armenian statehood reborn on the victorious foundation, returning us the the most important realization of self-reliance and of the importance of building of our future by ourselves. The just and lawful demand for the right of self-determination of the people of Artsakh was countered by violence and massacres of peaceful population. A process started that was later, just 15 years ago in his speech on the occasion of the 10th ...
It will be a hundred years since 1.5 million were massacred in Armenia during clashes with the Turkish forces at the end of the First World War on the 24th of April. Armenians believe the massacre was the first genocide of the 21st century while the Turkey has continuously insisted it was the result of a Civil War as the Ottoman Empire collapsed as a result of World War I.. Find the best Cyber Monday Deals 2017. The fierce dispute still rages between the Turkey and Armenia to this day, in which mostly Muslim Turks and Christian Armenians were killed as victims of war. Recently the Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan held a special ceremony to show respect to those killed in 1915 and stated they will never forget their fallen. Entire cities were decorated with violet and golden banners with symbols of the massacre in English, Armenian and Russian. Some posters spelled out the year 1915 while others demanded everyone to never forget the killings which took place. Armenia neighbours the countries ...
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There have been various Western records representing the Armenian population, but demographic figures representing the total Armenian population within the Ottoman Empire were few. The problem with such figures is that they do not cover the same regions. For instance, many times Anatolia is equalled with the Ottoman Empire. Other times there are partial statistics representing one region, like Turkish Armenia, Ottoman Armenia, Asiatic Turkey, Anatolia, Ottoman Empire, 6 Armenian Villeyets, 9 Armenian Villeyets etc. Another problem with the figures is that those numbers were drawn from a period of about 20 to 30 years, mostly from 1890 to 1915. German official figures representing the Armenian population within the Empire were about 1.9 million to 2 million.[11] side of 1.8 million.[12] Ludovic de Contenson, present the figure of 1,150,000 for Asiatic Turkey, and call them statistics without any sources. His numbers suggest that they might actually be the Ottoman census statistics, without ...
While China is expanding its influence around the world, Armenian officials contend that their relatively multi-vector foreign policy gives Yerevan an advantage in gaining Beijings attention. Armenia is attractive to China because not only is it a strategic partner of Russia, but it also has a very good relationship with the European Union, with which we will soon sign a new agreement, said Karen Bekaryan, an MP from the governing Republican Party of Armenia. Armenia has traditionally warm relations with the United States, has traditionally good relations with the Arab world ...
Concerning the admixture of Armenians (different people who contributed to Armenian genes), the study is inconclusive as it shows Armenians among the no-admixture or of uncertain admixture populations. According to the study Armenians do share significant genetic similarities with a number of foreign populations (including the Irish), but the admixture signal is either too weak or too complex for the model to describe. As Dienekes correctly noted, Armenians appear to be the only people between the Atlantic and Pacific that are identified as being un-admixed or of uncertain admixture (as seen in the map bellow). Most probably the Armenian admixture predates the scope of the study as the study only goes as far as 4000 years, while Armenian ethnogenesis is much older. We also know from previous studies that the dominant Armenian markers R1b, G2 and J2 originated in (and around) the Armenian Highlands, which indeed would provide clues to the direction of genetic spread from Armenia towards the ...
Armenia was admitted into the United Nations on March 2, 1992. Since December 1992 when UN opened its first office in Yerevan, Armenia signed and ratified many international treaties. There are fifteen specialized agencies, programs and funds in the UN Country Team under the supervision of the UN Resident Coordinator. Besides, the World Bank (WB), International Finance Corporation (IFC) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) have offices in the country. The focus is drawn to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) stipulated by the Millennium Declaration adopted during the Millennium Summit in 2000. The MDGs have simulated never before practiced actions to meet the needs of the worlds poorest. As the MDG achievement date of December 2015 draws closer a new set of global sustainable development goals is consulted worldwide, to be adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015. Armenia was included in the initial group of 50 countries to conduct national consultations on ...
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Education 1981 - 1984: Post Graduate Student at Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia 1975 - 1980: Student at Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia M.S. in Physics Academic degree May 1987 Ph.D. Degree in Phys.-Math. Sciences, Specialty: 01.04.18 - Crystallography and Crystal-Physics, Institute for Physical Research, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Ashtarak, Armenia Professional experience 1985 - up to day: Senior Researcher, Department of Solid State Physics, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia 2001 - 2004: Leader of scientific group, Department of Solid State Physics, Yerevan State University, Yerevan, Armenia Academic courses 1993 - 1997: Lecturer in Special courses
The shortsightedness of Byzantine policy in this matter became apparent when the Seljuqs conquered Armenia and, meeting no serious opposition from the Armenian population, pushed further west and took possession of the major part of Asia Minor. The measures taken by the Byzantine emperors had provoked an exodus of the Armenian nobles. 15 18:17 18 Historical Survey spoiled of their possessions sought refuge in the eastern provinces ruled by the Arabs. Others, attracted by the greater opportunities that the empire had to offer, went to Constantinople or settled in the region west of the Euphrates, that is in Lesser Armenia, where they found large numbers of their compatriots. Among these emigrants there were certainly some artists or craftsmen and their influence may be discerned at times, as we shall see later. We hear about one of these craftsmen through a story which is not entirely to his credit, but which shows the high skill of the Armenian goldsmiths. This man, called John Ithmeus, had come ...
Children in Armenia, born with red and purple birthmarks on their face or body, live with a life altering conditions that leaves them isolated and ostracized, ridiculed by other children in school, and deprived of a normal childhood. Although not life threating, these skin conditions have a huge psychological impact on a childs life. In the United States and in most developed countries, these birthmarks, known as vascular anomalies, are treated shortly after birth with simple medical laser procedures. Such procedures for treating vascular birthmarks and scars, developed by Harvard Professor Dr. Rox Anderson, were made specifically to remove the birthmarks, without the need for conventional surgery. Millions of children worldwide, born with vascular anomalies, have benefited from these laser treatments, which have changed the trajectory of their entire lives. In Armenia, these children were left untreated, because this technology did not exist. Untreated, these birthmarks become darker in color, ...
Kempinski Signs Hotels in Russia, Czech Republic, and Armenia. Kempinski has signed management agreements for three hotels, in Ekaterinburg (Russia), Marienbad (Czech Republic) and Yerevan (Armenia). With a population of over 1.2 million, Ekaterinburg is the fourth largest city in Russia, and known as a regional industrial, scientific and cultural centre. Marienbad is known as a famous wellness destination in Czech Republic, situated near Karlovy Vary. The Yerevan hotel will mark Kempinskis entry in the Armenian capital.
Mkrtchian, V.E. (2015) A REPRESENTATION OF THE SOLUTION OF GREENS BOUNDARY PROBLEM. Armenian Journal of Physics, 8 (3). pp. 112-113. ISSN 1829-1171. Nikoghosyan, S.K. and Harutunyan, V.V. and Baghdasaryan, V.S. and Mughnetsyan, E.A. and Zargaryan, E.G. and Sarkisyan, A.G. (2015) APPEARANCE OF SEMICONDUCTING (DIELECTRIC) CONDUCTION IN POLYCRYSTALLINE HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTING CUPRATES AFTER HEAT TREATMENT. Armenian Journal of Physics, 8 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 1829-1171. ABRAHAMYAN, A.S. and CHILINGARYAN, R. Yu. (2015) Control of the Spectral Lines Intensity of Plasma Radiation in Visible Range by Acoustic Fields. Armenian Journal of Physics, 8 (4). pp. 191-204. ISSN 1829-1171. Galstyan, O.A. (2015) Dependence of Magneto-Optical Properties of Bi-YIG Thin Films on Post-Annealing Temperature. Armenian Journal of Physics, 8 (1). pp. 21-29. ISSN 1829-1171. Harutyunyan, A.L. (2015) Electron-polar optical phonon field-induced tunnel scatterings in a polar semiconductor under electric field. Armenian ...
The Republic of Armenia intends to send Armenian peacekeepers to Lebanon under the UN peacekeeping mission during the next year, a report to Armenpress by the Spokesperson of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Armenia, Artsrun Hovhannisyan, states.
In Armenia there are around 1.32 million women and girls of reproductive age (15 and above).. Every one in six women of reproductive age suffers from infertility (16.8% - almost 220 thousand women), which is higher than the critical level set by the World Health Organization (15%).. Every year about 385 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and more than 200 die from the disease. In our country, cervical cancer ranks as the third most frequent cancer among Armenian women, and in the structure of malignant neoplasm of womens reproductive system cervical cancer is on the second place after breast cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age.. To support reproductive health in the country UNFPA is implementing Strengthening Sexual and Reproductive Health Project in Armenia.. ...
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Nowadays, the oppressive and avaricious Armenian Church can, under Armenian law, do whatever it wants to Armenias monuments, and can do it whenever it wants, without permission, without consultation with experts, and without any obligation to use proper conservation techniques or methodologies. And there are many criminal oligarchs in Armenia and amongst the Armenian diaspora ready to provide the Church with funding for its destructive activities in return for it remaining silent about their ill-gotten wealth and obstructing democratic reform in Armenia ...
BUSINESS DIRECTORY, B2B information data base about companies, enterprises and organizations of Armenia, including Nagorno-Karabakh
Therefore, it must never be seen that makes its chaos an aesthetic whole. The poem consists of five parts, that each discusses a specific foregrounded period of humans history. By the history of armenian, the history of armenian and is very hard task that can really take kids back in time. History board games in the history of armenian for you.. Hence, the history of armenian of modern man. This one subject in the history of armenian and friends. We have another responsibility in the history of armenian of human being throughout this history. Hence a good historian, these lenses can be produced by rubbing two stones, how would the history of armenian of the history of armenian in the history of armenian is archaeological evidence that runs contrary to Creationism or a people group who has suffered at the history of armenian that my faith must be actively infused into every aspect of my life, a moral responsibility with regard to the history of armenian is not merely perception, but in ...
We are therefore calling out to the global conservation community for support to help stop the usage of white phosphorus munitions before they cause an environmental disaster and regional ecocide. The usage of white phosphorus munitions contradicts to all the provisions of all environmental conventions including the Bern Convention, Nagoya protocol to Helsinki & Rotterdam conventions, verified by the Governments of both Armenia & Azerbaijan Although 98% of the global population live under the protection of the Chemical Weapons Convention, this is, as we understand, unfortunately not applicable towards Armenia & ethnic Armenians living in Artsakh ...
PanARMENIAN.Net - The European Union has authorised the export of snails from Armenia to the 28 members of the bloc, the EU delegation in Yerevan said in a tweet.. This is the 3rd product of animal origin from Armenia for which EU grated access to its market, the tweet reads.. The other two are honey and crawfish [whose export was] authorised in 2008. ...
ArmChemFront 2013: Website of the conference Frontiers in Chemistry, Armenia 2013, held in Yerevan, Armenia, from 25 to 29 August 2013
ArmChemFront 2013: Website of the conference Frontiers in Chemistry, Armenia 2013, held in Yerevan, Armenia, from 25 to 29 August 2013
Head of EU Delegation to Armenia, Ambassador Piotr Switalski spoke about emigration from Armenia and possible risks of Armenia-EU visa regime liberalization today in Yerevan.
Lack of progress by Azerbaijan and Armenia toward resolving their dispute over Nagorno-Karabakh would affect Turkeys parliamentary approval of separate accords to normalize ties with Armenia, a senior AK Party MP said.
Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Armenia was last measured at 93.86 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Armenia.
On March 4, 2016, UNFPA Armenia participated in parliamentary hearings organized by the Parliament standing committees on Health, Motherhood and Childhood, and Social Issues, devoted to the 2016-2018 National Program to Improve RA Demographic Situation and Program of Actions to Ensure its Implementation. The hearings were attended by Parliament Members, representatives of RA Ministries of Health and Labour and Social Affairs, as well as civil society organizations. The aim of the Program is to reduce negative demographic trends and creation of necessary preconditions for improvement of the situation through comprehensive evaluation of the demographic situation and implementation of well-targeted measures. Garik Hayrapetyan, UNFPA Armenia Assistant Representative, mentioned that the Program targets fertility issues. He pointed out the importance of reproductive health in this context and the vital role of public awareness about the Program. ...
Health expenditure; public (% of GDP) in Armenia was last measured at 1.89 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of GDP) in Armenia.
Armenia has an upward trend in cesarean sections (CS); the CS rate increased from 7.2% in 2000 to 31.0% in 2017. The purpose of this study was to investigate potential factors contributing to the rapidly increasing rates of CS in Armenia and identify the actual costs of CS and vaginal birth (VB), which are different from the reimbursement rates by the Obstetric Care State Certificate Program of the Ministry of Health. This was a partially mixed concurrent quantitative-qualitative equal status study. The research team collected qualitative data via in-depth interviews (IDI) with obstetrician-gynecologists (OBGYN) and policymakers and focus group discussions (FGD) with women. The quantitative phase of the study utilized the bottom-up cost accounting (considering only direct variable costs) from the perspective of providers, and it included self-administered provider surveys and retrospective review of mother and child hospital records. The survey questionnaire was developed based on IDIs with providers of
When traveling to Armenia find out which vaccine injections are recommended and what the travel health risks are for this country Altitude in Armenia,
Marco Verratti and Lorenzo Insigne are fit to face Armenia on Tuesday, but questions remain over Mario Balotelli.. The Italy squad returned to the Coverciano training ground near Florence after last nights 2-2 draw in Denmark.. Verratti and Insigne have recovered and fortunately they took part in training today, explained Professor Enrico Castellacci.. Giuseppe Rossi also trained after missing the game in Copenhagen and could well start against Armenia at the Stadio San Paolo on Tuesday evening.. Balotelli was not even in the stands yesterday due to flu symptoms and he only jogged around the ground twice before going back into the locker room.. The player will stay with us, added Castellacci. Its impossible right now to say what his chances are of playing on Tuesday.. It is encouraging that he returned to training after five days out, but he is debilitated by gastroenteritis. We will evaluate his condition day by day.. ...
Armenians are constantly on the ball for possible attacks from implacable foe Azerbaijan, but who would have expected an enemy infiltration so unspeakably vile in nature? Garlic, grown on Azerbaijans hostile soil, apparently has found a way to penetrate the two countries sealed border, and then had the effrontery to appear on vegetable stands in the Armenian capital, Yerevan. Respected historian Samvel Karapetian was grocery shopping in a Yerevan supermarket, Hayastan, when he chanced upon packets of the bulbous, pungent emissaries from Azerbaijan, the very country that fought a long and bloody war with Armenia over the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region. Since the 1988-1994 war, anything Azerbaijani has been mostly seen in Armenia as unspeakably heinous, and vice versa.. A concerned citizen, Karapetian sounded the alarm, and reporters hurried to the scene. Garlic of the company based on [President Heydar] Aliyev Street in Baku is gleefully sold in… an Armenian supermarket, the puzzled ...
Azerbaijan has set conditions for ceasefire in the troubled Nagorny-Karabakh region, saying that Armenia must withdraw from occupied territories. Meanwhile, Armenia has said it would recognize the regions independence if the situation on the ground worsens.
In antiquity, Qazakh District was part of the province of Utik, a part of the Kingdom of Armenia until 387 AD. Greco-Roman historians from the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD state that Utik was a province of Armenia, with the Kura River separating Armenia and Albania.[3][4][5]. In the 18th century, Qazax was the capital of the Qazax sultanate. During the Russian Empire, the city was the administrative center of the Gazakh uezd of the Elisabethpol Governorate. It is situated 10 km from the Ağstafa station of the Transcaucasus Railway. At the cusp of the Armenian Genocide during the years 1905-1906, many Armenian homes were burned and looted as well as the Armenian school and church. Many Armenian inhabitants as a result fled to Tbilisi and other Armenian populated areas.[6]. In 1930, Qazax became the administrative center of the Qazax Rayon of Soviet Azerbaijan as the region was awarded to Soviet Azerbaijan by the early Bolsheviks. Khazakh was passed to Azerbaijan SSR without much noise or ...
Azerbaijan - a nation with a majority-Turkic and majority-Shia Muslim population - was briefly independent (from 1918 to 1920) following the collapse of the Russian Empire; it was subsequently incorporated into the Soviet Union for seven decades. Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily ethnic Armenian-populated region that Moscow recognized in 1923 as an autonomous republic within Soviet Azerbaijan after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the territorys status. Armenia and Azerbaijan reignited their dispute over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated militarily after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also seven surrounding provinces in the territory of Azerbaijan. The OSCE Minsk Group, co-chaired by the US, France, and Russia, is the framework established to mediate a peaceful resolution of the conflict. ...
Pope Francis will visit Azerbaijan and Georgia in the autumn, the Vatican said on 9 April, one day after combatants in Nagorno-Karabakh agreed to cease fighting that has killed dozens in the past week.. Azerbaijans military and Armenian-backed separatists were locked in shelling and artillery strikes for four days over the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region, stoking fears of all-out war.. The Vatican did not mention the conflict as it announced the trip scheduled from 30 September to 2 October.. There are very few Roman Catholics in either country. Azerbaijan is about 95% Muslim while over 80% of Georgians are Eastern Orthodox Christians. Azerbaijan is often described by analysts as the most secularist Muslim country.. The Vatican announced last month Franciss June 24-26 visit to Armenia, where again very few Catholics live and over 90% of the population are Oriental Orthodox Christians.. The EU has been rather invisible in the diplomatic efforts to avoid an escalation. As a result, Russia has ...
The clash between Russia and Turkey is not just taking place in the skies over Syria. Its also spreading to the nearby Caucasus region, where a fresh wave of Russian military overtures to Armenia threatens to reignite a frozen conflict that has pitted Moscow against Ankara for decades.
This paper reports the results of five consecutive years of field studies conducted in Armenia from 2007-2011 to 1) study native populations habitats physical features, Melissa officinalis L., 2) assess the growth pattern and dynamics in populations sizes 3) identify the impact of certain habitat features on the population growth pattern
Azerbaijan announces unilateral cease-fire Sunday in separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh after clashes with Armenian forces leave 30 soldiers dead Saturday; both sides reported more fighting overnight
Over the past 24 hours, Armenias armed forces have 113 times violated the ceasefire along the line of contact between Azerbaijani and Armenian troops, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry said May 19
One of the important reasons of emerging of the organized crime is the lack of control or complete absence of control over the public order by the corresponding governmental structures.. Azerbaijan is extremely worried that one of the center of the organized crime in Europe is in our territory, so-called Nagorno-Karabakh republic, which is absolutely uncontrolled not only by Azerbaijan authorities but also by the international institutions responsible for fight against the criminality.. The occupation of 20% of the territory of Azerbaijan by Armenian armed forces not only left 1 million Azerbaijani refugees homeless, not only caused enormous destruction of our cities, villages, graves of our ancestors, in one word destruction of all the infrastructure in the occupied territories by Armenian aggressors, but also created very good conditions for development of organized crime in the territory occupied by Armenia.. 1.The territory of so-called Nagorno-Karabakh republic is used for growing narcotic ...
Azerbaijani military officials say two soldiers have been killed in fighting with the Armenian Army, the latest in a growing number of clashes over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh.
The Critical Languages Institute (a division of the Arizona State Universitys Russian and East European Studies Center) provides comprehensive research and training in less commonly taught languages and cultures, with special geographical focus upon languages spoken in Eastern Europe and Eurasia. The Institute offers intensive nine-week summer courses in Albanian, Armenian, Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian, Macedonian, Polish and Tatar. The site is in English ...
You searched for: Region Europe Remove constraint Region: Europe Country Estonia Remove constraint Country: Estonia Country Armenia Remove constraint Country: Armenia Country Albania Remove constraint Country: Albania Country Azerbaijan Remove constraint Country: Azerbaijan Country Afghanistan Remove constraint Country: Afghanistan Country Argentina Remove constraint Country: Argentina Country Austria Remove constraint Country: Austria Topic Population, Demography, Fertility Remove constraint Topic: Population, Demography, Fertility ...
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Our next stops were to be the churches of Yerits Mankants, in Martakert province, west of the Sarsang Reservoir, and Yeghishe Arakyal, west of the village of Mataghis. I doubted whether we could visit both sites in a single day, but wed try. Heading toward Yerits Mankants, we encountered a soldier at the Sarsang Reservoir. At first he directed us toward Mataghis, confusing the two churches we wanted to visit. Mistakenly, he directed us toward Yeghishe Arakyal. When I pointed out the mistake, the soldier realized the mistake as well. He added that to get to Yerits Mankants, wed have to hike through six kilometers of forest… There is no road.. Visiting Yeghishe Arakyal would be fine. We headed toward Mataghis, the last stretch of which was down a long, dry, unpaved, and dusty road. Mataghis is heavily armed; it is near Talish, where Azerbaijan made incursions into Armenian-held territory in April last year. Had we continued, the road to Yeghishe Arakyal would have passed right through the ...
In 1964 the (then young) historian Jacob Neusner published a paper in the Journal of Biblical Literature titled The Conversion of Adiaben to Judaism: A New Perspective. Neusner claimed that the account of Josephus about the conversion of Queen Helena and the Adiabenes ruling family to Judaism cannot reasonably be rejected, and he located Adiabene in ancient Assyria, in what is today called Armenia. He reminded his readers that the Queen was married to her brother Monobazus (which is apparently what royalty did in that part of the world) and that it was Monobazus who was first converted to Judaism. But he goes one step further, and asks what political motivation lay behind this conversion.. His answer is this: the Jews of the Near and Middle East in the first century were a numerous and politically important group and in Armenia, as well as in other areas, Jewish dynasts held power, if briefly... In addition, Palestinian Jewry was a powerful and militarily significant group. It was by no ...
In 1964 the (then young) historian Jacob Neusner published a paper in the Journal of Biblical Literature titled The Conversion of Adiaben to Judaism: A New Perspective. Neusner claimed that the account of Josephus about the conversion of Queen Helena and the Adiabenes ruling family to Judaism cannot reasonably be rejected, and he located Adiabene in ancient Assyria, in what is today called Armenia. He reminded his readers that the Queen was married to her brother Monobazus (which is apparently what royalty did in that part of the world) and that it was Monobazus who was first converted to Judaism. But he goes one step further, and asks what political motivation lay behind this conversion.. His answer is this: the Jews of the Near and Middle East in the first century were a numerous and politically important group and in Armenia, as well as in other areas, Jewish dynasts held power, if briefly... In addition, Palestinian Jewry was a powerful and militarily significant group. It was by no ...
The Information-Analytic Center Eurasia is a news digest focusing on Central Asian countries, reporting on the regions political life, national relations and conflicts, leaders, parties and social movements, elections, nominations, economic and military problems. In Russian ...
Less than a day after consuming the marinade, the victims presented with symptoms of botulism. They were taken to the hospital where they are being treated. One is in serious condition, according to the report.. Food borne botulism is a severe intoxication caused by eating the preformed toxin present in contaminated food.. Food borne botulism occurs when the bacterium Clostridium botulinum is allowed to grow and produce toxin in food that is later eaten without sufficient heating or cooking to inactivate the toxin. Botulinum toxin is one of the most potent neurotoxins known.. Typically in a few hours to several days after you eat the contaminated food you will start to show the classic symptoms; blurred vision, dry mouth, and difficulty in swallowing. Gastrointestinal symptoms may or may not occur. If untreated, the paralysis always descends through the body starting at the shoulders and working its way down.. The most serious complication of botulism is respiratory failure where it is fatal in ...
Armenias announcement in September that it would enter the Eurasian Customs Union led to some dissatisfaction regarding relations with Russia, especially since the announcement came months before the Armenian delegations visit to Vilnius to sign a DCFTA (Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement) with the EU. At the first public debate on the issue in Armenia, organised by the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung and Regional Studies Center, speakers addressed possible attitudes of Azerbaijan and Georgia to the Customs Union. The director of the Caucasus Institute, Dr. Alexander Iskandaryan, noted that Azerbaijan, with its significant energy resources and ability to export them to the EU, does not need to join the organisation for economic development. However, according to him Azerbaijan would not be able to sign a DCFTA given that the country is not a member of the WTO-a prerequisite for all signatories of the document. Georgian Prime Minister Ivanishvili has remained sceptical about the Customs ...
Azerbaijan Livestock Stats, NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Azerbaijan/Agriculture/Livestock. Azerbaijan Livestock Stats, NationMaster. 1997-2011. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Azerbaijan/Agriculture/Livestock,.. Azerbaijan Livestock Stats, NationMaster, ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Azerbaijan/Agriculture/Livestock, [assessed 1997-2011]. Azerbaijan Livestock Stats, NationMaster [Internet]. 1997-2011. Avaliable from: ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Azerbaijan/Agriculture/Livestock,.. Azerbaijan Livestock Stats, NationMaster. Avaliable at: nationmaster.com. Assessed 1997-2011.. Azerbaijan Livestock Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Azerbaijan/Agriculture/Livestock (assessed 1997-2011). Azerbaijan Livestock Stats, NationMaster, http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles/Azerbaijan/Agriculture/Livestock (last visited ...
Since 2011, violence in Syria has worsened the widespread displacement of people in the Middle East and destroyed several cities. The images of displaced Syrian families fleeing to Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon broadcast around the world had a haunting resonance. Archival photographs of Armenian refugee camps in Aleppo from one hundred years ago are today echoed by images of Syrian refugee camps across the southern Turkish border. Bourj Hammoud is widely regarded as Beiruts Armenian neighborhood, built by survivors of the Armenian genocide of 1915-1919. This densely populated city has seen ethnic cleansing, transnational migration, war and displacement. Sadly, the Syrian crisis is a new chapter. Yet Bourj Hammoud has again become a place where people regroup and reimagine home, advocate for their families and wonder whether they might ever be able to return home.. ...
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Palestinians (1) 13-Moon Natural Time Calendar (1) 666 (1) 9 Av (2) 9 Days (1) 9/11 (2) Abdel Baset Ali al-Megrahi (1) Abkhazia (1) abortion (7) Abraham Lincoln (1) Adventism (2) Afghanistan (6) Aftonbladet (3) age of consent (1) Ahmadiyya (6) AIG (1) al-Aqsa (1) Al-Fauz Institute for Islamic Thought (1) Al-Qaida (2) Alberto Cutié (1) Alcoholics Anonymous (1) Aldous Huxley (1) Alien Resistance (1) altruism (1) Amish (1) Ancient Greek (1) ancient Roman religion (1) Andrea Silayo (1) Angels and Demons (1) Anglicanism (17) animal rights (4) animal sacrifice (3) Ann Coulter (1) Anonymous (2) anti-Semitism (20) antifeminism (2) appeal to nature (1) Argentina (3) Ark of the Covenant (3) Armenia (3) Armenian Orthodox Church (2) Asia (1) Assemblies of God (1) At the Mountains of Madness (1) atheism (18) Australia (3) Australian aboriginal religions (1) Ayurveda (1) Azerbaijan (12) Azzam Tamimi (1) Baháí Faith (7) Bangladesh (2) baptism (1) baptism of the dead (1) Baptists (17) Barack Obama (4) ...
Pasdermadjian, Garegin; Aram Torossian (1918). Why Armenia Should be Free: Armenia's Role in the Present War. Hairenik. p. 22. ... Armenia and Azerbaijan engaged in the Armenian-Azerbaijani war (1918-1920) over Karabakh and Nakhichevan, with Armenia losing ... Armenia. United Kingdom. Centrocaspian Dictatorship. Ottoman Empire. 1918:. Azerbaijan. 1918:. Germany. Georgia. ... The Republic of Armenia: The first year, 1918-1919. Page 27. *^ Malkasian, Mark (1996). Gha-Ra-Bagh!: The Emergence of the ...
However, it is celebrated in Armenia by tens of thousands of Iranian tourists who visit Armenia with relative ease.[107] The ... Armenia[edit]. Since the extinction during the 19th century, Nowruz is not celebrated by Armenians and is not a public holiday ... The ritual of jumping over fire has remained in Armenia in the feast of Trndez, which is a feast of purification in the ... "President Sargsyan: Happy Nowruz to Armenia's Kurds and Iran". Hetq Online. 21 March 2015.. ...
Main article: Prostitution in Armenia. Prostitution in Armenia is illegal[2] under administrative law[3] (Article 179.1).[4] ... "Criminal Code of the Republic of Armenia" (PDF). National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia. 18 April 2003. Retrieved 19 ... "Prostitution statistics in Armenia". Retrieved 24 December 2016.. *^ a b c Ditmore, Melissa Hope (2006). Encyclopedia of ... "Armenia: Women Driven into Prostitution". Retrieved 24 December 2016.. *^ a b "The Code of the Azerbaijan Republic On ...
Armenia[edit]. Much of Armenia's traditions and cultures reflect Middle Eastern origins. Though not common in daily apparel, ... However, before Armenia became a Christian nation, turbans were a common part of the daily apparel, just as in other Middle ...
Armenia[edit]. Qanats have been preserved in Armenia in the community of Shvanidzor, in the southern province of Syunik, ...
Armenia[edit]. Armenian surnames almost always have the ending (Armenian: յան) transliterated into English as -yan or -ian ( ... In ancient Armenia, many noble names ended with the locative -t'si (example, Khorenatsi) or -uni (Bagratuni). Several modern ...
Armenia[edit]. Main articles: Administrative divisions of Armenia and Municipalities of Armenia ... Armenia is subdivided into eleven administrative divisions. Of these, ten are provinces, known as marzer (մարզեր) or in the ...
Armenia[edit]. *Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra. *National Chamber Orchestra of Armenia. *KOHAR Symphony Orchestra and Choir ...
Armenia[edit]. The Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health oversee pharmacy school accreditation in Armenia. Pharmacists ... "Armenia: Pharmaceutical Country Profile" (PDF). World Health Organization. August 13, 2010.. *^ Australian Pharmacy Council. ... there are 0.53 licensed pharmacists and 7.82 licensed pharmacies per 10,000 people in Armenia. Pharmacists are able to ...
Armenia[edit]. See: Music of Armenia Following the Armenian Genocide of 1915 perpetrated by the Young Turk government in Turkey ...
Armenia[edit]. The pomegranate is one of the main fruits in Armenian culture (alongside apricots and grapes). Its juice is used ... For example, the fruit played an integral role in a wedding custom widely practiced in ancient Armenia: a bride was given a ... The pomegranate is a symbol in Armenia, representing fertility, abundance, and marriage. It is also a semi-religious icon. ...
Armenia[edit]. Main article: Religion in Armenia. A MPG LLC (Marketing Professional Group) survey, commissioned by WIN-Gallup ... International, conducted on November, 2014, found that 2% of Armenia were "convinced atheists."[58][59] ...
However, it also fell once to the Arsacid Dynasty of Armenia in this timespan. In the History of Armenia attributed to Movses ... Kingdom of Armenia[edit]. The region came under the control of the Orontids in the 7th century BC and quickly later the ... Hewsen, Robert H. (2001). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. The University of Chicago Press. p. 207. ISBN 0-226-33228-4. .. ... By the early 2nd century BC it was part of the Kingdom of Armenia. It became an important center during the reign of the ...
He ruled Armenia for four years and returned to Ctesiphon in 419 to capture the throne from the shah Yazdegerd I, who was in ... However, Khosrov IV survived for only a year, and on his death, the throne became empty once again, leaving Armenia to chaos.[ ... When indulging in the persecution of Christians in Persia, Mihr Narseh also attempted to spread Zoroastrianism in Armenia. ... Under these circumstances, Isaac, the Metropolitan of Armenia, proceeded to the court of Ctesiphon, and petitioned Yazdegerd to ...
Indeed, Nagomo- Karabakh is de facto part of Armenia.. *^ "Armenia expects Russian support in Karabakh war". Hürriyet Daily ... Some have said that its reliance on Armenia means that, in many ways, it functions de facto as part of Armenia.[5][6] ... After Armenia established diplomatic relations with Tuvalu in March 2012, it was speculated in the press that Armenia was ... It would continue to be part of the Kingdom of Armenia under the Artaxiad Dynasty, under which Armenia became one of the ...
Cyprus, Georgia, and Armenia[edit]. Cyprus is NOT part of Asia nor the Middle East. It is a part of Europe and the European ... Same goes for Georgia and Armenia. Both are technically part of Europe as they lie north of the Caucus Mountain range. Anything ... Georgia is a possible candidate for EU Membership and Armenia has expressed interest in joing the organization within the next ...
The first New York performance of the silent film, entitled Ravished Armenia took place on February 16, 1919, in the ballroom ... Mardiganian was referred to in the press as the Joan of Arc of Armenia, describing her role as the spokesperson for the victims ... The narrative Ravished Armenia was used for writing a film script that was produced in 1919, Mardiganian playing herself, and ... The prize is awarded in Yerevan, Armenia, to an individual whose actions have - at their personal peril - had an exceptional ...
He represented Armenia at the 2002 Winter Olympics, reaching 33rd in the two-man bobsleigh event with Dan Janjigian. He, along ... He then recruited a weightlifting champion from Armenia, but his visa application was cancelled in the aftermath of the ... Olympic statistics about Yorgo Alexandrou "Jyorgos ALEXANDROU - Olympic Bobsleigh , Armenia". International Olympic Committee. ... with Janjigian, competed in the two-man bobsleigh event at the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah for Armenia. ...
Registration Act, supra, § 66(1), (2)(b), (d)-(f). "Armenia , Identity-Cards.net". "GOV.BB". "Getting a New Belize ID Card and ...
"Middle East Dams , Syria , Armenia". Scribd. Retrieved 2019-10-29. v t e Saudi Arabia portal. ...
Locations it is found in include Albania; Armenia; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; California; Canada; Czech Republic; France; ...
Armenia. - xerxesStgr. [cyanea ssp.] , from Shahrud in Persia, is still smaller, the underside paler with the mesial streak ... From Asia Minor (Taurus), Armenia and Persia. - transcaspica Stgr. [now full species] is lighter blue above and darker brown ...
"Middle East Dams , Syria , Armenia". Scribd. Retrieved 2019-11-13. v t e Saudi Arabia portal. ...
Armenia, especially the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, has been described as the last Christian bulwark in Asia to fall to Muslim ... in Armenia and Cilicia, where the fourth and last Armenian dynasty held sway. ... Cilicia, the victim of Christian solidarity, ... "Armenia". Encyclopaedia Britannica Volume II (9th ed.). Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black. 1875. p. 548. The Rhupenians entered ...
It replaced the first Transcaucasian ruble at par and was replaced by the second Transcaucasian ruble after Armenia became part ... The ruble (Armenian: ռուբլի, Russian: рубль) was the independent currency of the First Republic of Armenia and the Armenian ... Provisional checks were issued by the First Republic of Armenia in denominations of 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 250, 500, 1000, 5000 ... Money portal Numismatics portal Armenian dram Linzmayer, Owen (2013). "Armenia". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www. ...
... is indigenous to temperate and tropical Eurasia and the Middle East, in: Afghanistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; ...
"Armenia". EASA. Retrieved 16 October 2019. "Georgia". EASA. Retrieved 16 October 2019. "Moldova". EASA. Retrieved 16 October ... initiative in which countries such as Armenia, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine cooperate on the implementation of EU aviation ...
"Armenia". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. Nagorno- ... Armenia Time, UTC+04:00 Population of Artsakh: Area of Artsakh: 4,400 km2 Atlas of Nagorno-Karabakh Climate of Nagorno-Karabakh ... west of the Azerbaijani capital of Baku and neighboring Armenia. Pronunciation: Common English country name: Nagorno-Karabakh ... Supreme Court of Nagorno-Karabakh Armenia-Artsakh relations List of representative offices of Artsakh Minister of Foreign ...
"Armenia". Soviet Nationality Survey. Suchasnist. 3: 18. ...Demirchyan exhorted the Party "to step up work on improving the ... Melkonian belonged to the main religious grouping of his country (Armenia and the Armenian diaspora). More interestingly, he ... Sevan Nisanyan, an atheist ethnic Armenia... Ter-Abrahamyan, Hrant (24 April 2015). "Խմբագրական. Վերադարձի ճանապարհը". ilur.am ... Sarkisyanz, Manuel (1975). A Modern History of Transcaucasian Armenia: Social, Cultural, and Political. Udyama Commercial Press ...
"Armenia". IRB. Archived from the original on 10 March 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013. "Australia". IRB. Archived from the ...
Source: Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Armenia The first primary election in Armenia was held by the Armenian ... The politics of Armenia take place in the framework of the parliamentary representative democratic republic of Armenia, whereby ... Political System of Armenia. Հայաստանի հանրապետության պետական համակարգ. Coat of arms of Armenia ... Main article: National Assembly (Armenia). The unicameral National Assembly of Armenia (Azgayin Zhoghov) is the legislative ...
Residents of the Armenian village of Margara cant trade with their neighbors across the border in Turkey, and cant even get to their farmland in the restricted border zone. But they hold out hope that the border will reopen.
... The dissolution of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) has resulted in the disruption ... This report summarizes surveillance for malaria in Armenia during 1996-1997. Cases were initially identified based on clinical ... TABLE 1. Number of locally acquired and imported cases of malaria and incidence rates (IR)*, by year -- Armenia, 1986-1997+ ... The next steps for malaria control and prevention in Armenia should focus on surveillance, clinical practice, public education ...
... let me say that Turkey is sensitive to human suffering in Armenia and Azerbaijan.Given the recent reports of economic ... Given the recent reports of economic hardship in Armenia and references they contain to Turkey, I would like to reiterate that ... In addition to the transit of relief supplies for Armenia through Turkey, rail lines between the two countries are open and ... Your editorial, unfortunately, fails to pinpoint the real cause of the suffering in Armenia and Azerbaijan by ignoring the ...
ILO: International Labour Organization - The International Labour Organization is the UN specialized agency which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights
AUG Armenia) provides training, networking, and support to people around the world. Whether your focus is design or development ... About AUG Armenia Adobe User Group in Armenia (AUG Armenia) provides training, networking, and support to people around the ... Adobe User Group in Armenia (AUG Armenia) provides training, networking, and support to people around the world. Whether your ... Ares Hovhannesyan - Adobe Community Professional, Adobe Education Trainer, Manager of Adobe User Group in Armenia ...
Armenia Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Religious Freedom ... and preservation of the national identity of the people of Armenia." The constitution prohibits the exercise of fundamental ... on October 2 and severely beat the churchs pastor and President of the Union of Churches of Evangelical Faith of Armenia, ...
Armenias president declares three days of mourning as he begins discussions to plan the way forward following the ... Armenia in mourning Security outside the parliament is now very tight Armenian President Robert Kocharian has declared three ... Armenia became an independent republic following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since endured years of ... The BBCs correspondent in Armenia, James Rodgers, says the main task now for the authorities is to calm any fears of further ...
Turkey-Armenia Relations 02-10-2013 The two protocols signed by the Armenian and Turkish foreign ministers in Zurich in October ... Cengiz AKTAR (Hrant Dink Foundation, Istanbul, Turkey) and Richard GIRAGOSIAN (Regional Studies Center, Yerevan, Armenia) ... respectively by a Turkish and an Armenian analyst assess the past efforts and the current state of play of Turkey-Armenia ... respectively by a Turkish and an Armenian analyst assess the past efforts and the current state of play of Turkey-Armenia ...
Explore Yerevan holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | Leave your preconceptions at home, because Yerevan (ԵՐԵՎԱՆ) will almost certainly confound them. This is a city of contradictions - top-of-the-line Mercedes sedans share the roads with Ladas so old they should be in museum collections; traditional pandoks (taverns) serving khoravats (barbecue meats) and oghee (fruit vodka) sit next to chic European-style wine bars; and street fashions range from hipster to babushka with many weird and wonderful variations in between. In summer, locals take to the streets every night, claiming tables at the citys many outdoor cafes, sauntering along its tree-filled boulevards and congregating at the beloved musical fountain in Republic Sq. Few traces of the citys ancient past remain, usurped by Soviet-era buildings and modern structures with little regard for history. But wander into any dalan (archway) and enter a portal into a different world - you may find a gorgeous 19th-century
Armenia feels more like a big town than a departmental capital, and is far more slow-paced than its coffee-country rivals ... Devastated by an earthquake in 1999 that flattened much of the city center, Armenia has never fully recovered. The center of ... Originally named Villa Holguín when founded in 1889, Armenia was renamed in the early 20th century in solidarity with the ... along Av Bolívar.Most travelers will pass through Armenia only long enough to change buses; however, the city has the fine ...
Armenia, country of Transcaucasia, lying just south of the Caucasus mountain range. To the north and east Armenia is bounded by ... More About Armenia. 27 references found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *flag history* In flag of Armenia ... Armenia. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. The portion of Armenia lying within the former Russian Empire declared independence on ... Modern Armenia comprises only a small portion of ancient Armenia, one of the worlds oldest centres of civilization. At its ...
Our flagship report maps health trends, charts progress towards achieving health goals and provides an advance base for health policy Highlights. Full report ...
At the early stage of internet development in Armenia (1995 through 1998), ISoc Armenia was the primary internet policy ... which affects access to the same content for some internet users in Armenia, since Armenia receives some of its web traffic ... Armenia has chosen a multi-sector regulatory model in which one body, the PSRC, is in charge of the regulation of energy, water ... Armenia was one of the first post-Soviet countries to privatize the telecommunication industry. Since the mid-2000s, the ...
Historical Armenia[edit]. There are historical records that attest the presence of Jews in pagan Armenia, before the spread of ... in English) Jews of Armenia. *(in English) Jews in Armenia - A documentary by Vartan Akchyan (aired on public TV station KCET ... In 1828, the Russo-Persian War came to an end and Eastern Armenia (currently the Republic of Armenia) was annexed to the ... As for Western Armenia (Turkish Armenia), according to official Ottoman figures from 1914, 3,822 Jews lived in the "Six ...
The polls have opened in the former Soviet republic of Armenia in a presidential election that many see as a test of how far ... Observers say Mr Kocharyans only real threat comes from Stepan Demirchyan, the son of a former Soviet leader of Armenia. "I ... Once one of the most prosperous of the former Soviet republics, Armenia has struggled with democracy and market reforms since ... the founder of the Armenia Centre for National and International Studies, told the BBC. If none of the candidates gains at ...
Russia and Armenia signed a treaty of friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance today. They pledged to coordinate foreign ... Earlier today, Yeltsin called relations between Russia and Armenia warm and sincere. But he said he and President Ter- ... Moscow, 29 August 1997 (RFE/RL) - Russia and Armenia signed a treaty of friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance today. ...
Thank you for your recent coverage of the crisis in the Republic of Armenia. As an American Armenian, I am deeply concerned ... about the situation in Armenia, which is becoming worse every day.. There are an estimated 30,000 Armenians who will perish ...
The tributaries of the Kura-the Debed (109 miles), the Aghstev (80 miles), and others-pass through Armenias northeastern ... On an island in the Aras stood Artaxata, seat of the Artaxiad kings of Armenia from 180 bc to ad 50. Some have held that the… ... In Armenia: Drainage. …the Akhuryan (130 miles), the Hrazdan (90 miles), the Arpa (80 miles), and the Vorotan (Bargyushad; 111 ... Lake Çıldır in Turkey, the Hrazdan, draining Lake Sevan in Armenia, and the Qareh Sū, flowing off the Sabalān Mountains in ...
Build your own Armenia vacation package & book your Armenia trip now. ... Bundle Armenia flight + hotel & save up to 100% off your flight with Expedia. ... Armenia Vacation. Does Expedia have vacation package deals to Armenia?. Yes! Expedia can help you save with an Armenia travel ... What are the best places to visit in Armenia?. Itinerary looking a little thin? Armenia vacation all booked but no idea what to ...
UEFA.com is the official site of UEFA, the Union of European Football Associations, and the governing body of football in Europe. UEFA works to promote, protect and develop European football across its 55 member associations and organises some of the worlds most famous football competitions, including the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Womens Champions League, the UEFA Europa League, UEFA EURO and many more. The site features the latest European football news, goals, an extensive archive of video and stats, as well as insights into how the organisation works, including information on financial fair play, how UEFA supports grassroots football and the UEFA HatTrick funding scheme.
Publication Date:. February 1, 1993 ISBN/ISSN:. 9781451973907/1934-7456. Stock No:. PPIEA0031993. Format:. Paper. Pages:. 0. ...
Armenia health weather forecasts including the 3 day asthma forecast and respiratory health articles and videos from ...
All this adds up, and the going price for a pair of new jeans in Armenia is around $25. Still, she says that the Kiva loan has ... Turkey and Armenia have had a closed border since 1989. Still, Istanbul houses the only large clothing markets in the region. ... The market is packed to the brim with buyers: the school year will soon begin in Armenia and parents are buying new clothes for ... She says that when she gets back to Armenia, she must pay hefty customs taxes on the clothes she brings into the country. ...
Data determined in accordance with the measurement method required by law. The figures do not refer to an individual vehicle nor do they constitute part of the offer. They are intended solely as a means of comparing different types of vehicle. Fuel consumption calculated for vehicles with standard specification only. Actual consumption and performance may vary with items of optional equipment. A vehicles fuel consumption and CO₂ emissions depend not only on its efficient use of fuel but also on driving style and other non-technical factors. You can obtain further information about individual vehicles from your Porsche Centre.. ...
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Rather, he argues, Turkey must take creative steps ahead of that 2015 date to work at repairing relations with Armenia. ,/p, ... The issue of Armenia enters the Turkish foreign policy agenda almost exclusively in the context of Western attempts at ... Turkey needs to open the border first and expect its diplomatic and economic engagement policy with Armenia to pay off in the ... Instead, what Turkey should have done was to establish diplomatic and economic relations with Armenia with the hope that such a ...
IOM activities in the country are grounded on a number of official documents signed with the Government of Armenia, including ... IOM in Armenia The Republic of Armenia joined IOM as a member in 1993. ... IOM in Armenia. The Republic of Armenia joined IOM as a member in 1993. IOM activities in the country are grounded on a number ... The Organizations objectives in Armenia are:. *To assist the State of Armenia in achieving border management practices that ...
Gevorg could not find a new job in Armenia. To feed his family, he left to seek work ... BRAIN DRAIN IN ARMENIA. As many as a million Armenians - almost a quarter of the population - have left the country in recent ... Gevorg could not find a new job in Armenia. To feed his family, he left to seek work in Moscow. He rented a small stall on a ... One thing is certain, he has no plans to return to Armenia. "I can be ordered out of the country at any moment," said Armen. " ...
Armenia says 1.5 million were killed in a genocide. Turkey says around 500,000 died in fighting after Armenians sided with ... Turkey accuses France of genocide in Armenia row The war of words between France and Turkey has escalated, when the Turkish ...
  • The International Organization for Migration (IOM) held its first event on Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) localisation in Armenia, on 18 November in Yerevan. (iom.int)
  • Armen is an honours graduate in biochemistry from Yerevan State University but could not find any relevant employment in Armenia. (iwpr.net)
  • Equally, Armenia shares a border with Iran and a pro-western government in Yerevan and the consequent shift in the balance of forces impacts regional politics. (atimes.com)
  • Through its delegations in Baku and Yerevan, the ICRC supports communities living along the international border between Armenia and Azerbaijan. (icrc.org)
  • Armenia and Turkey will play against each other in the Armenian capital Yerevan on Sept. 6 in a qualifying match for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. (france24.com)
  • The main international schools in Armenia are the QSI International School and Dilijan International School, both of which are based in Yerevan, the capital city. (internations.org)
  • Yerevan, one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities, is the capital and largest city of Armenia. (brusselsairlines.com)
  • A patient in Yerevan, Armenia, prepares to take his tuberculosis medication. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • During a recent two-week trip, the scientists traveled to Yerevan, Armenia, where they provided training on data collection to help develop a hydrogeologic plan and groundwater model for the Ararat Basin. (usgs.gov)
  • The first visit in four years to capital Yerevan by a Turkish foreign minister was considered an important step towards the possible revival of a dialogue process between Turkey and Armenia. (turkishpress.com)
  • Armenia's reluctance to normalize relations despite all Turkey's attempts, has stalled a resolution between Turkey and Armenia and development of their cooperation, and it is yet to be seen if Yerevan will heed Turkey's call to first resolve the long-standing Nagorno-Karabakh issue between Armenia and Azerbaijan. (turkishpress.com)
  • YEREVAN (Reuters) - Armenia said on Monday it had extended until Aug. 12 a state of emergency to try to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus as the number of daily infections has yet to start declining. (yahoo.com)
  • At the time, trains travelled regularly between Kars and Leninakan [now Gumri]', says Tatul Hakobyan, a Yerevan-based author who is finishing a book on Armenia-Turkey relations. (opendemocracy.net)
  • YEREVAN, Armenia (AP) - Armenian and Azerbaijani forces fought over the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh for a second day Monday, with both sides blaming each other for resuming the attacks that reportedly killed and wounded dozens as the decades-old conflict has reignited . (pbs.org)
  • The TSFSR dissolved in 1936 and Armenia became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union known as the Armenian SSR . (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to the transit of relief supplies for Armenia through Turkey, rail lines between the two countries are open and Armenian nationals are free to enter Turkey. (latimes.com)
  • The two briefing papers drafted respectively by a Turkish and an Armenian analyst assess the past efforts and the current state of play of Turkey-Armenia relations, suggest possible future scenarios and present several specific recommendations for action. (europa.eu)
  • Originally named Villa Holguín when founded in 1889, Armenia was renamed in the early 20th century in solidarity with the Armenian victims of genocide perpetuated by the Ottoman Empire. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • By the mid-1990s Karabakh Armenian forces occupied much of southwestern Azerbaijan, but the conflict had caused an economic crisis in Armenia. (britannica.com)
  • I think Mr Demirchyan has a very solid chance to become the first opposition contender in modern Armenian history to defeat an incumbent president," Raffi Hovannisian, the founder of the Armenia Centre for National and International Studies, told the BBC. (bbc.co.uk)
  • As an American Armenian, I am deeply concerned about the situation in Armenia, which is becoming worse every day. (csmonitor.com)
  • In retrospect, the Turkish decision to establish a precondition for normalization with Armenia was shortsighted because it practically gave Azerbaijan de facto veto power over Turkish-Armenian normalization. (brookings.edu)
  • The Turkish side is reportedly ready to open the border, establish diplomatic relations and even provide financial support to Armenia in return for an Armenian withdrawal from two of the seven occupied regions surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh. (brookings.edu)
  • Kotikian was in Armenia for the Armenian Medical International Congress, an event held every four years that draws Armenian physicians from all over the globe. (latimes.com)
  • But a deal between Armenia and Turkey could spell disappointment for Armenian Americans who want Obama to fulfill his campaign pledge to declare that the mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks beginning in 1915 was a genocide. (latimes.com)
  • The outbreak of violence is the worst in Nagorno-Karabakh since 1994 when Armenia and Azerbaijan ended a war over the territory that is part of Azerbaijan but has been under the control of Armenian forces. (voanews.com)
  • Armenian 'repatritates' (ethnic Armenians, raised in the US, UK, etc., now living in Armenia) blog , opposition news A1+ (this will probably be on and off as well). (metafilter.com)
  • This has left Armenian policymakers suspicious about any positive change in Ankara's policy towards Armenia. (worldpress.org)
  • This is due to the language of instruction in Armenia is Armenian, whilst English is only taught as a second language. (internations.org)
  • Armenia and Azerbaijan, two former Soviet republics, have long been in conflict over Azerbaijan's breakaway, mainly ethnic Armenian region of Nagorno-Karabakh. (reuters.com)
  • Though a ceasefire was agreed in 1994, Azerbaijan and Armenia continue to accuse each other of shooting attacks around Nagorno-Karabakh and along the separate Azeri-Armenian frontier. (reuters.com)
  • On April 24, Armenia is set to commemorate the centennial of the Armenian genocide, which saw the deportation and deaths of up to 1.5 million Armenians during World War I. (france24.com)
  • Opposition MPs and other critics of the air-defense agreement say it undermines Armenian sovereignty - and point out that Russia sells arms to rival Azerbaijan as well as to Armenia. (reuters.com)
  • Armenian: Հայաստան, romanized: Hayastan, IPA: [hɑjɑsˈtɑn]), officially the Republic of Armenia, is a landlocked country located in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first Armenian state of Urartu was established in 860 BC, and by the 6th century BC it was replaced by the Satrapy of Armenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • An Armenian principality and later a kingdom Cilician Armenia was located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between the 11th and 14th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between the 16th and 19th centuries, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia came under the rule of the Ottoman and Persian empires, repeatedly ruled by either of the two over the centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empire, while most of the western parts of the traditional Armenian homeland remained under Ottoman rule. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armenia also recognises the Armenian Apostolic Church, the world's oldest National church, as the country's primary religious establishment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armenia 's relationship with Turkey has been shadowed by Armenian charges that the Turks engaged in a genocide against its ethnic Armenian minority during World War I. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Apart from the remnant 50,000 of the established Armenian community, at least two million people in today's Turkey draw lineage from an Armenian grandparent who was orphaned, stolen or saved-but in all cases Turkified-in the killing fields of Ottoman-occupied historic Armenia. (foreignpolicyjournal.com)
  • Being one of the first countries to recognize Armenian independence on December 16, 1991, Turkey provided humanitarian assistance to Armenia which was facing economic difficulties after independence and actively supported the country's integration with regional and Euro-Atlantic organizations. (turkishpress.com)
  • The Armenian government, in accordance with its relevant regulations, first sent the protocols to establish diplomatic relations between Turkey and Armenia to its Constitutional Court in order to have their constitutionality approved. (turkishpress.com)
  • At the meeting with his Armenian counterpart Eduard Nalbandyan, Davutoglu underlined once again the importance of improving relations with Armenia, and stressed that problems could only be solved through dialogue. (turkishpress.com)
  • Armenia's withdrawal from the Nagorno-Karabakh region and seven adjacent territories is important to Turkey, which has often suggested that a step in this direction would pave the way for the re-opening the border with Armenia, which Turkey closed in 1993 after Armenian troops occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan's territories, including the Nagorno-Karabakh region, in 1992. (turkishpress.com)
  • The Seljuq conquest of the last Armenian kingdom in the 11th century marked the beginning of an exodus of the Armenians from historical Armenia resulting in the advent of an Armenian Diaspora. (traveldocs.com)
  • 45.00333 Gosh (Armenian: Գոշ) is a village in the Tavush Province of Armenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The complicated relationship between Armenia and Turkey is rooted in the events of the great war of 1914-18, when the Ottoman administration deported en masse its Armenian citizens from their towns and villages in Anatolia, the prelude to the anihilation of almost the entire Armenian population of the empire. (opendemocracy.net)
  • In March 2019, two high-ranking Armenian officials revealed that Armenia and Russia have not yet reached an agreement on the price of natural gas. (cacianalyst.org)
  • The Armenian side argued that even tough Gazprom sold natural gas at the border to its Armenian subsidiary Gazprom Armenia for as low as US$ 150 per thousand cubic meters (tcm), Gazprom Armenia charged consumers about US$ 284 per tcm. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Armenia remained independent in the time of the Romans, extending her rule over a part of Asia Minor and Syria, and a portion of Persia, but, in consequence of the protection afforded by the Armenians to certain kings who were hostile to Rome, the Romans declared war against her, their troops entered her capital, and from that time Armenian independence was lost. (armeniapedia.org)
  • In September 2008, Turkish President Abdullah Gül became the first Turkish head of state to visit Armenia after he accepted the invitation of Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan to attend a FIFA World Cup qualifier football match between the Turkish and Armenian national football teams . (armeniapedia.org)
  • Armenian Foreign Minister Eduard Nalbandyan confirmed that "Turkey and Armenia have gone a long way toward opening the Turkey-Armenia border, and they will come closer to opening it soon," [13] but dismissed any connection to the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute which he stated was being handled through the OSCE Minsk Group. (armeniapedia.org)
  • Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his Armenian counterpart on Monday are to formally open the first stretch in Armenia of a natural gas pipeline. (jpost.com)
  • Landlocked Armenia has developed its relations with Iran amid economic troubles caused the closing of its borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan in the wake of the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh, a region of Azerbaijan occupied by Armenian and ethnic Armenian Karabakhi forces. (jpost.com)
  • Azerbaijani military officials told the Interfax news agency that over 550 Armenian troops have been "destroyed (including those wounded)" in a claim that Armenia denied. (pbs.org)
  • The two countries are fighting over a breakaway that is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan but controlled by local Armenian forces who are backed by Armenia. (tehrantimes.com)
  • The status of Nagorno-Karabakh , an enclave of 1,700 square miles (4,400 square km) in southwestern Azerbaijan populated primarily by Armenians, was from 1988 the source of bitter conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. (britannica.com)
  • Instead, what Turkey should have done was to establish diplomatic and economic relations with Armenia with the hope that such a policy of engagement would in time create positive momentum and leverage in favor of a resolution in Nagorno-Karabakh. (brookings.edu)
  • Armenia is consequently preoccupied with security concerns related to Turkey, as well as to Azerbaijan, with whom Armenia has an unresolved ethnic conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. (worldpress.org)
  • Despite its historical resentment toward Turkey, which stems from the genocide of ethnic Armenians under the Ottoman Empire, and recent disagreement over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a conflict in which Turkey backed Azerbaijan, Armenia has tried to engage Turkey in search of regional stability. (worldpress.org)
  • While a direct dialogue between the foreign ministers of Turkey and Armenia initiated earlier this year addressed problems in bilateral relations, including the settlement of the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, it produced no tangible results. (worldpress.org)
  • If during the last 11 years Turkey and Armenia had neighborly relations, the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh could have been pushed closer to settlement. (worldpress.org)
  • But even as the prospect of a deepening Russia - NATO clash looms, the more immediate fear is that Moscow 's recent moves may reignite an ethnic war in the Caucasus, particularly the long-simmering dispute over the Nagorno-Karabakh region, pitting Armenia against its eastern neighbor Azerbaijan. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The separatist Nagorno-Karabakh enclave inside Azerbaijan has been under the control of Armenia 's military and local ethnic Armenians since all-out war between the two former states of the former Soviet Union ended there in 1994. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Existance of such a joint anti-aircraft defencesystem will constrain such actions against Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh as well. (pravda.ru)
  • In particular, I thought that Turkey would as part of a rapprochement with Armenia put an end to its sixteen-year long blockade of Armenia (imposed at the time of the post-Soviet conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh). (opendemocracy.net)
  • In the past few months, Russia has also made a series of friendly gestures towards Azerbaijan, which is locked in a conflict with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. (cacianalyst.org)
  • The lack of any other real allies and the tense situation around Nagorno-Karabakh puts Armenia in an even more isolated position. (cacianalyst.org)
  • In an effort to de-link issues, the protocols did not mention the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh . (armeniapedia.org)
  • [12] Turkish Prime Minister Erdoğan attempted to allay these concerns on April 10 by announcing that "unless Azerbaijan and Armenia sign a protocol on Nagorno-Karabakh, we will not sign any final agreement with Armenia on ties. (armeniapedia.org)
  • To eliminate any misunderstanding your March 24 editorial may have created, let me say that Turkey is sensitive to human suffering in Armenia and Azerbaijan. (latimes.com)
  • Given the recent reports of economic hardship in Armenia and references they contain to Turkey, I would like to reiterate that Turkey has always authorized the use of its land and airspace for the shipment of humanitarian aid to Armenia. (latimes.com)
  • Therefore, allegations that Turkey has imposed an economic embargo on Armenia are totally unfounded. (latimes.com)
  • As the last example of Turkey's cooperation with other countries in providing assistance to Armenia, the Turkish government has allowed France to send 300 tons of food to Armenia by rail through Turkey. (latimes.com)
  • To the north and east Armenia is bounded by Georgia and Azerbaijan, while its neighbours to the southeast and west are, respectively, Iran and Turkey . (britannica.com)
  • The portion of Armenia lying within the former Russian Empire declared independence on May 28, 1918, but in 1920 it was invaded by forces from Turkey and Soviet Russia. (britannica.com)
  • the Aras River cuts this important plain into halves, the northern half lying in Armenia and the southern in Turkey and Iran. (britannica.com)
  • Most of the rivers fall into the drainage area of the Aras (itself a tributary of the Kura River of the Caspian Basin), which, for 300 miles (480 kilometres), forms a natural boundary between Armenia and Turkey and Iran. (britannica.com)
  • Lake Çıldır in Turkey, the Hrazdan, draining Lake Sevan in Armenia, and the Qareh Sū, flowing off the Sabalān Mountains in northeastern Iranian Azerbaijan. (britannica.com)
  • As we walk, Aram explains that vendors here regularly travel to Turkey to buy clothes at wholesale prices and bring them back to Armenia. (kiva.org)
  • Turkey and Armenia have had a closed border since 1989. (kiva.org)
  • It remains unclear whether a breakthrough in this frozen conflict can be achieved in the absence of Turkey gaining more leverage in relations with Armenia. (brookings.edu)
  • If Turkey is really serious about normalizing relations with Armenia, it will have to take some risks in relations with Azerbaijan. (brookings.edu)
  • Turkey needs to open the border first and expect its diplomatic and economic engagement policy with Armenia to pay off in the long run. (brookings.edu)
  • WASHINGTON - Turkey and Armenia are likely to announce a deal soon aimed at easing their conflict, diplomats said Friday in a development that would sweeten President Obama's visit to Turkey next week. (latimes.com)
  • Obama administration officials have said in response to questions about their plans on the genocide resolution that their focus is on helping improve relations between Turkey and Armenia. (latimes.com)
  • Turkey closed its border with Armenia in 1993. (voanews.com)
  • The two countries have their own ongoing rift over the World War One killings of Armenians that Armenia said included 1.5 million dead in a genocide, while Turkey says the figure is inflated and was not genocide. (voanews.com)
  • Turkey and Armenia are at odds over the question whether ethnic Armenians killed by Ottoman Turks during World War One were victims of genocide. (france24.com)
  • Armenia wants Turkey to recognise what it calls a systematic genocide of Armenians during World War One. (france24.com)
  • A plane headed from Armenia to Syria was grounded Monday at an airport in Turkey, less than a week after the country intercepted another Syria-bound plane. (latimes.com)
  • But will the "political earthquake" shake up long-standing Turkish policies toward Armenia, the only neighboring country with which Turkey has no official relations? (worldpress.org)
  • In the south Caucasus, where Turkey is geostrategically positioned to hold the balance of power along with other interested states, Ankara's reluctance to normalize relations with Armenia, magnified by the imposition of an economic blockade, has created an imbalance that jeopardizes regional security. (worldpress.org)
  • To date, Ankara has rejected such overtures, preferring to place its ethnic affinities with the Azerbaijanis above the potential economic and security interests Turkey could reap from a closer relationship with Armenia. (worldpress.org)
  • Armenia, however, considers normalized relations with Turkey as inevitable because of the important role that Turkey is apt to play in the security equation of the south Caucasus. (worldpress.org)
  • Armenia also has an extensive rail network covering 825 km (513 mi) across the country that also has links to neighboring nations, including Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, and Turkey. (internations.org)
  • Given Russian President Vladimir Putin 's anger over the downing of a Russian fighter jet by Turkish forces in November, Moscow has spent the past several months beefing up its military footprint in Armenia , a country of roughly 3 million people that shares a 165-mile border and a land-mine-filled history with Turkey . (washingtontimes.com)
  • U.S. analysts are divided over the extent to which Armenia - which is wedged against Iran, Turkey and Russia - is actively aligning itself with the Russians or simply being bullied by Moscow as a pawn in Mr. Putin 's push to surround Turkey. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Turkey and Armenia Saturday agreed to open their sealed border and establish diplomatic relations after a century of animosity between the neighboring countries came to an end thanks to mediation from U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Field training on well inventory and collection of water-level data at a non-flowing well near Yeghegnavan, Armenia, near the Armenia/Turkey/Iran border. (usgs.gov)
  • Most unfortunately, the papers on the table, as well-intentioned as they might be, and the PR posturing and point-scoring associated with them do not constitute the basis for a full and enduring regulation of the Turkey-Armenia relationship and a truly historic reconciliation between their peoples. (foreignpolicyjournal.com)
  • When Turkey, Armenia, and the community of nations grow up to the gravity of the watershed challenge at hand, they will shift their gears, deliver on democracy and the rule of rights, and confront and correct history and its legacies of injustice. (foreignpolicyjournal.com)
  • A process that began with 'football diplomacy' between Armenia and Turkey has developed into the real thing, as the countries' foreign ministers signed two protocols on their future relationship at a ceremony in Switzerland on 10 October 2009. (opendemocracy.net)
  • To understand the limits of the Armenia-Turkey accord, a brief survey of the history they fail to address is unavoidable. (opendemocracy.net)
  • ANKARA - Although Turkey has made several gestures of goodwill towards Armenia in recent years, Armenia's reluctance in re-establishing diplomatic relations has hampered attempts in making full reconciliation a possibility. (turkishpress.com)
  • Turkey, wishing to normalize its bilateral relations with Armenia in order to contribute to an atmosphere of comprehensive peace and cooperation in the South Caucasus, started to unilaterally implement certain confidence-building measures. (turkishpress.com)
  • A diplomatic process designed to normalise relations between Armenia and Turkey led to the signing of two protocols in 2009. (opendemocracy.net)
  • It is a poignant sight, for Ararat is both the visible totem of the Armenians yet remains unreachable to them, since it lies on the other side of the border that divides Armenia from Turkey. (opendemocracy.net)
  • The legacy of this bitter history was such that only in the early 1990s, amid the break-up of the Soviet Union and Armenia's attempts to secure its independence, did a chance arise for Armenia and Turkey to move beyond deep antagonism and create normal relations. (opendemocracy.net)
  • Bright fireball over Turkey and Armenia! (imo.net)
  • On 27 May 2020 around 17:35 UTC (20:35 TRT) people from Turkey, Georgia, and Armenia were witnesses to a spectacular fireball. (imo.net)
  • The trajectory which was computed based on the IMO reports indicates that the event flew from West to East above northern Turkey and ended above Armenia. (imo.net)
  • The Armenia-Turkey Protocols, are also known as the Zurich Protocols or the Turkey-Armenia Protocols. (armeniapedia.org)
  • The so-called Zurich Protocols was an agreement signed in 2009 between Armenia and Turkey designed to allow the opening of borders and to set up formal diplomatic relations between the two countries. (armeniapedia.org)
  • [4] In the event, following pressure from Azerbaijan [5] and parts of the local public opinion, Turkey never ratified the protocols, nor did Armenia. (armeniapedia.org)
  • Both Armenia and Turkey accused each other of recruiting foreign mercenaries. (pbs.org)
  • Armenia is disturbed by Turkey's solidarity with Azerbaijan and is producing lies against Turkey," Celik tweeted. (pbs.org)
  • It should be noted that the people of Azerbaijan, especially those in the autonomous republic of Nakhichevan, suffer from an economic blockade as a direct result of the ongoing conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia. (latimes.com)
  • Azerbaijan and Armenia both said exchanges of fire that began on Sunday had continued into Tuesday, and each accused the other of ceasefire violations and shelling. (reuters.com)
  • NATO called on Azerbaijan and Armenia to take all necessary measures to prevent further escalation, according to James Appathurai, the U.S.-led alliance's special representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia. (reuters.com)
  • Russia staked out its claim yesterday (7 April) to be the lead player in brokering a settlement to the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia, a role it hopes will enhance its clout in a region where it competes for influence with Washington. (euractiv.com)
  • We want a similar process to start between Azerbaijan and Armenia. (armeniapedia.org)
  • We are closely watching the talks between Azerbaijan and Armenia. (armeniapedia.org)
  • Our principal stance on the dispute between the Republic of Azerbaijan and Armenia has been stated unequivocally," Rabiei said at a press conference. (tehrantimes.com)
  • A day earlier, Iranian Interior Minister Abdolreza Rahmani-Fazli warned neighbors Azerbaijan and Armenia, who are involved in deadly clashes, that Iran will not tolerate insecurity at its borders. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Clashes erupted between Azerbaijan and Armenia on September 27, which led to the killing and injury of dozens on both sides. (tehrantimes.com)
  • Eastern Armenia was annexed by Russia during the 19th century, while western Armenia remained under Ottoman rule, and in 1894-96 and 1915 the Ottoman government perpetrated systematic massacres and forced deportations of Armenians. (britannica.com)
  • As a new independent Republic of Armenia is established among the ruins of the Soviet Union, Armenians are rethinking their history--the processes by which they arrived at statehood in a small part of their historic homeland, and the definitions they might give to boundaries of their nation. (google.com)
  • Suny shows that while the limits of Armenia at times excluded the diaspora, now, at a time of state renewal, the boundaries have been expanded to include Armenians who live beyond the borders of the republic. (google.com)
  • Turkey's foreign minister has made his first official visit to Armenia in December 2013 -- the first in four years, and the country has accommodated Syrian Armenians fleeing from the civil war. (turkishpress.com)
  • The Armenians trace their history to sixth century B.C. Throughout history Armenia has been a battlefield for many invaders, contending empires, and a bridge for many cultures and civilizations. (traveldocs.com)
  • Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan says his country is ready to build ties with neighboring Armenia, despite disagreements over decades-old allegations of Turkish genocide against Armenians. (voanews.com)
  • Turkey's then leadership supported Azerbaijan in this conflict, refused to open diplomatic links, and (in 1993) joined Azerbaijan in imposing an economic blockade on land-locked Armenia in an effort to force it to end its backing for the Karabakh Armenians' quest for self-determination. (opendemocracy.net)
  • In late December 2018, Gazprom announced that it will raise gas prices for Armenia in 2019. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Once one of the most prosperous of the former Soviet republics, Armenia has struggled with democracy and market reforms since gaining its independence in 1991. (bbc.co.uk)
  • A few months ago, Armenia under its current leadership of President Serz Sarkisian joined the Eurasian Economic Union, which the United States regards as a Russian project to integrate the former Soviet republics under its leadership. (atimes.com)
  • Military activity along the international border between Armenia and Azerbaijan has intensified since 12 July 2020. (icrc.org)
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is concerned about the humanitarian impact of reported military activity along the international border between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which has intensified since 12 July 2020. (icrc.org)
  • New COVID-19 in Armenia August 06, 2020 COVID-19 risk in Armenia is high. (cdc.gov)
  • The country strategic plan is in line with the priorities identified through the 2018 national strategic review and the focus on human capital development and the improvement of social protection set out in the Armenia development strategy 2014-2025, as well as the goals of the Armenia United Nations development assistance framework (2016-2020). (wfp.org)
  • The Republic of Armenia joined IOM as a member in 1993. (iom.int)
  • WFP has been present in Armenia since late 1993. (wfp.org)
  • IOM activities in the country are grounded on a number of official documents signed with the Government of Armenia, including the Cooperation Agreement on Privileges and Immunities (1994) and Memorandum of Understanding (2001). (iom.int)
  • The main humanitarian concern for the Government of Armenia is the poverty that continues to impact one third of the population. (wfp.org)
  • Armenia became independent from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic on 28 May 1918 as the First Republic of Armenia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Armenia is the only country other than Tajikistan where Russia has a big military base. (atimes.com)
  • If Armenia is brought into the western orbit, Russia gets practically shut out of South Caucasus, given the ambivalences in Moscow's equations with Baku and the unfriendly policies of the pro-western government in Tbilisi. (atimes.com)
  • Russia and Armenia have been jointly protecting Armenia's airspace since the mid-1990s. (reuters.com)
  • Russia and Armenia will establish a joint-venture for the prospecting for, production and recycling of uranium in Armenia. (rt.com)
  • Clearly, Armenia has a close and historic relationship with Russia , and now that Turkish-Russian relations are in a death spiral, it has become a front-line state in the context of that confrontation," said Ariel Cohen, a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council in Washington. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered to sign an agreement between Russia and Armenia. (pravda.ru)
  • In many rural parts of Armenia, it is rare to see a man of working age, since so many are abroad earning money as migrant labour, mostly in Russia. (iwpr.net)
  • As a result, Russia has raised its profile as mediator, although it has a strong bias for its ally Armenia. (euractiv.com)
  • Georgia fears that in case of bigger military conflict, Russia would need to send troops and armament across its territory to landlocked Armenia. (euractiv.com)
  • In this context, raising gas prices is one of several coercive instruments that Russia currently employs towards Armenia. (cacianalyst.org)
  • COVID-19 in Armenia February 02, 2021 Travelers should avoid all travel to Armenia. (cdc.gov)
  • The issue of Armenia enters the Turkish foreign policy agenda almost exclusively in the context of Western attempts at legislating genocide resolutions. (brookings.edu)
  • Armenia says 1.5 million were killed in a genocide. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Armenia says 1.5 million of its nationals were slaughtered by the Turks during the final years of the Ottoman Empire 90 years ago, characterizing this as genocide. (voanews.com)
  • Officials in Azerbaijan however responded with concern prompting heated debate in the Turkish Parliament with Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) leader Devlet Bahçeli sharing the Azerbaijani people's "rightful concerns" in warning the government "your approach to Armenia harms our dignity," and Republican People's Party (CHP) leader Deniz Baykal asking, "How can we ignore the ongoing occupation of Azerbaijan? (armeniapedia.org)
  • Soldiers backed by Armenia also occupy some Azerbaijani territory outside the region. (pbs.org)
  • Azerbaijan has said the end of war is possible when Armenia retreats from the disputed region and apologizes to the Azerbaijani people. (tehrantimes.com)
  • The U.S. Department of State, in its March 12 statement, recognized Turkey's approach to the situation in the Transcaucasus by expressing the U.S. Administration's appreciation for Turkey's role in providing humanitarian assistance to Armenia and its active endeavors for a political solution to the Karabakh conflict. (latimes.com)
  • Your editorial, unfortunately, fails to pinpoint the real cause of the suffering in Armenia and Azerbaijan by ignoring the conflict in Karabakh and the violation of the Azarbaijani territorial integrity. (latimes.com)
  • Azerbaijanis Retake 15 Karabakh Villages : Conflict: Armenia says more than 200 of its people were killed. (latimes.com)
  • The past year in Armenia has been marked by periods of civil unrest and regional conflict. (freedomhouse.org)
  • Armenia is embroiled in a long-standing conflict with neighboring Azerbaijan over the region. (reuters.com)
  • It's also spreading to the nearby Caucasus region, where a fresh wave of Russian military overtures to Armenia threatens to reignite a frozen conflict that has pitted Moscow against Ankara for decades. (washingtontimes.com)
  • In July 2016, amid clashes between an armed militant group and authorities, Facebook was briefly unavailable for users in Armenia across several ISPs (see Blocking and Filtering ). (freedomhouse.org)
  • Therefore, this most recent Turkish attempt at rapprochement with Armenia is also likely to fail in the absence of a unilateral Turkish gesture such as the opening of the border without preconditions. (brookings.edu)
  • The Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great in the 1st century BC and became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion in the late 3rd or early 4th century AD. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under the Bagratuni dynasty, the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia was restored in the 9th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armenia fought Turkey's ally Azerbaijan in a war in the 1990s. (france24.com)
  • At its height, Armenia extended from the south-central Black Sea coast to the Caspian Sea and from the Mediterranean Sea to Lake Urmia in present-day Iran. (britannica.com)
  • Iran has called on Armenia and Azerbaijan to stop the war and start a dialogue to resolve the issue. (tehrantimes.com)
  • For several centuries, Armenia was ruled by many different empires, such as the Persian, Ottoman and Russian empire, before becoming independent in 1991. (brusselsairlines.com)
  • Situated in the Caucasus, for several centuries Armenia was successively ruled by the Persian, Ottoman and Russian empires, before gaining its independence in 1991. (brusselsairlines.com)
  • Armenia , country of Transcaucasia , lying just south of the great mountain range of the Caucasus and fronting the northwestern extremity of Asia . (britannica.com)
  • To the north and east, the Somkhet, Bazum, Pambak, Areguni, Shakhdag, and Vardenis ranges of the Lesser Caucasus lie across the northern sector of Armenia. (britannica.com)
  • The polls have opened in the former Soviet republic of Armenia in a presidential election that many see as a test of how far democracy has come in this tiny Caucasus republic. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Of course, if a regime change such as in Georgia in 2003 were to repeat in Armenia, it has security implications for Russia's North Caucasus, which is a restive region threatened by extremist Islamist groups, some which enjoy external support. (atimes.com)
  • The international community worries about clashes between Armenia and Azerbaijan in part because of the threat to instability in the South Caucasus, a region that serves as a corridor for pipelines taking oil and gas to world markets. (reuters.com)
  • While Armenia is geographically located in the South Caucasus, it is generally considered geopolitically European. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report Milk Fat and Oil Market in Armenia to 2021 offers the most up-to-date industry data on the actual market situation, and future outlook for milk fats and oils in Armenia. (reportlinker.com)
  • In April and May of 2018, a series of peaceful demonstrations dubbed "the velvet revolution" led to a change in political power in Armenia, with the new Government promising wide-ranging reforms. (wfp.org)
  • Armenia is a developing country and ranks 81st on the Human Development Index (2018). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the eastern part of Armenia, the Sevan Basin, containing Lake Sevan (525 square miles) and hemmed in by ranges soaring as high as 11,800 feet, lies at an altitude of about 6,200 feet. (britannica.com)
  • During 1988-1995, severe financial constraints and the war with Azerbaijan contributed to cessation of vector-control activities in Armenia (which had included the use of mosquito-larvivorous fish {Gambusia affinis}, insecticide spraying, and the reduction of mosquito breeding sites). (cdc.gov)
  • Research conducted by a group of independent experts in 1995 pointed to a population drop of 700,000 in Armenia. (iwpr.net)
  • Armenia became an independent republic following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since endured years of political instability. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Russian troops and warplanes are stationed on the territory of Armenia, once part of the Soviet Union. (reuters.com)
  • The modern Republic of Armenia became independent in 1991 during the dissolution of the Soviet Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armenia is a landlocked country that became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991. (msf.org.au)
  • In London, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan on Friday acknowledged that his country is headed toward better relations with Armenia. (latimes.com)
  • Talks between the two countries intensified last fall after President Abdullah Gul became the first Turkish leader to visit Armenia. (latimes.com)
  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's office quoted him Sunday saying he will support ally Azerbaijan 'to the end' in its dispute with Armenia. (voanews.com)
  • Turkish President Abdullah Gul is preparing a groundbreaking visit to Armenia to watch a football game with his counterpart Serzh Sarksyan on Saturday. (france24.com)
  • ANKARA, Sept 3 (Reuters) - Turkish President Abdullah Gul will visit Armenia at the weekend for a soccer match, the president's office said on Wednesday, in a major diplomatic step for the two states which have no diplomatic ties. (france24.com)
  • On the other, the AKP may face resistance if it attempts to change Turkish policies on delicate issues, including relations with neighboring Armenia. (worldpress.org)
  • A so-called "psychological threshold" was crossed in the words of Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, when he visited Armenia on December 12 to attend a meeting of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC). (turkishpress.com)
  • Turkish authorities are searching an aircraft traveling from Armenia to Syria after it landed in the eastern city of Erzurum. (infowars.com)
  • Two earthquakes hit Armenia on this day in 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. (history.com)
  • We first worked in Armenia in 1988 to respond to medical needs following the Spitak earthquake. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Armenia feels more like a big town than a departmental capital, and is far more slow-paced than its coffee-country rivals Manizales and Pereira. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • Armenia is a mountainous country characterized by a great variety of scenery and geologic instability. (britannica.com)
  • She says that when she gets back to Armenia, she must pay hefty customs taxes on the clothes she brings into the country. (kiva.org)
  • Therefore, expatriates living in Armenia are advised to take out comprehensive medical insurance, and leave the country for major operations wherever possible. (internations.org)
  • Expatriates living in Armenia will be able to drive using the driving license from their home country, provided that they also have an international driving permit. (internations.org)
  • Although Armenia has a free public school system that the children of expatriates will be able to attend without charge, many expatriates and foreigners living in Armenia instead send their children to an international school, or to school in their home country. (internations.org)
  • Moving to Armenia is a multifaceted experience: the country boasts of some unspoiled rural areas as well as cosmopolitan cities with modern services and infrastructures, always offering a welcoming and easy-going atmosphere. (internations.org)
  • Since Armenia aligns itself in many respects geopolitically with Europe, the country is a member of numerous European organizations including the Council of Europe, the Eastern Partnership, Eurocontrol, the Assembly of European Regions, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Travel to Armenia with Qatar Airways and discover a country with a deep and eventful history that has left it with a plethora of cultural influences. (qatarairways.com)
  • South Dakota-based scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey are helping to restore a depleted aquifer and build in-country expertise for managing groundwater in the Ararat Basin of Armenia. (usgs.gov)
  • Armenia, a country of around 3 million, has registered 32,151 confirmed coronavirus cases and 573 deaths so far from COVID-19, the respiratory disease caused by the coronavirus. (yahoo.com)
  • Specialists from foreign countries and international organisations arrived in Armenia last month to help the country fight the COVID-19 pandemic. (yahoo.com)
  • The population of Armenia voted overwhelmingly for independence in a September 1991 referendum, followed by a presidential election in October 1991 that gave 83% of the vote to Levon Ter-Petrosyan . (wikipedia.org)
  • Armenia declared sovereignty on August 23, 1990, and independence on September 23, 1991. (britannica.com)
  • Armenia supports the de facto independent Artsakh, which was proclaimed in 1991. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) report on Armenia, published in 1998, put the population at 3.1 million. (iwpr.net)
  • The BBC's correspondent in Armenia, James Rodgers, says the main task now for the authorities is to calm any fears of further violence and instability. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Envoys from Europe, the United States and the Vatican have flown to Armenia since the state of emergency to talk to the government and opposition leaders who say the laws are an abuse of the authorities' powers. (worldbulletin.net)
  • The authorities claimed that Gazprom Armenia had miscalculated its tax liabilities, according to a recent audit. (cacianalyst.org)
  • The politics of Armenia take place in the framework of the parliamentary representative democratic republic of Armenia , whereby the President of Armenia is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Armenia the head of government , and of a multi-party system . (wikipedia.org)
  • Thank you for your recent coverage of the crisis in the Republic of Armenia. (csmonitor.com)
  • In 1918, following the Russian Revolution, all non-Russian countries declared their independence after the Russian Empire ceased to exist, leading to the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • By deciision of the Government of the Republic of Armenia on December 11, 2014, effective January 1st, 2015, visa free regime has been established for the citizens of the United States. (traveldocs.com)
  • The results of the 2011 Population Census of the Republic of Armenia" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • When you are travelling to Armenia with a U.S. Passport, a Official or Diplomatic Visa is required . (traveldocs.com)
  • The Armenia-Russian air-defense agreement was signed by the two countries in December 2015. (reuters.com)
  • Ten years later, Armenia was one of the first countries to use delamanid, a drug that promised to be less toxic and more effective. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Learn how you can best help in Armenia and other countries. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
  • Armenia was one of the first countries in the world to authorise the use of two new TB drugs, bedaquiline and delamanid , which promise to be less toxic and more effective. (msf.org.au)
  • Moscow uses the gas instrument not only against countries like Ukraine, which seek to exit from the Russian sphere of influence, but also against traditional allies like Belarus and Armenia. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Mt. Ararat is in background.The growth of aquaculture to raise trout, sturgeon and other cold-water fish has increased withdrawals of critical groundwater in the Ararat Basin of Armenia. (usgs.gov)
  • Mark Anderson, Director of the USGS South Dakota Water Science Center, demonstrates how to collect a stable isotope sample from a flowing well near Sis, Armenia.The growth of aquaculture to raise trout, sturgeon and other cold-water fish has increased withdrawals of critical groundwater in the Ararat Basin of Armenia. (usgs.gov)
  • Modern Armenia comprises only a small portion of ancient Armenia, one of the world's oldest centres of civilization. (britannica.com)
  • Devastated by an earthquake in 1999 that flattened much of the city center, Armenia has never fully recovered. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • David Shahnazarian, head of the opposition 21st Century Party, claimed that some data suggest rates of emigration have escalated over the past two years and only 2 million people remained in Armenia by the summer of 1999. (iwpr.net)
  • CDC recommends travelers avoid all nonessential international travel to Armenia. (cdc.gov)
  • Prepare travelers to Armenia with recommendations for vaccines and medications. (cdc.gov)
  • Recommended for unvaccinated travelers one year old or older going to Armenia. (cdc.gov)
  • Recommended for unvaccinated travelers of all ages to Armenia. (cdc.gov)
  • To assist the State of Armenia in achieving border management practices that strike the right balance between control and facilitation and are consistent with best international standards. (iom.int)
  • On an island in the Aras stood Artaxata, seat of the Artaxiad kings of Armenia from 180 bc to ad 50. (britannica.com)
  • On February 19, Armenia hosted a presidential election. (metafilter.com)
  • Lack of data is a major challenge to addressing malnutrition in Armenia and more effort is needed to expand the evidence base in support of nutrition-sensitive and targeted activities. (wfp.org)
  • Armenia Hunger and malnutrition Stats", NationMaster. (nationmaster.com)
  • Today, Armenia is several hundreds kilometres away from the combat operations in Syria, where the IS is based. (pravda.ru)
  • It must be noted that when the fighting stops and the occupation forces in Azerbaijan withdraw and a peaceful solution to the Karabakh issue is found, the main cause of suffering in Armenia and Azerbaijan will end. (latimes.com)
  • Even though Pashinyan's government vows to pursue positive relations, Moscow clearly does not approve of the new reforms initiated in Armenia and the purge of the old regime. (cacianalyst.org)
  • Armenia will also join the International Uranium Enrichment Centre project in Angarsk. (rt.com)