Burrowing, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the family Dasypodidae having bodies and heads encased in small bony plates. They are widely distributed in the warmer parts of the Americas.
A family of proteins that contain several 42-amino acid repeat domains and are homologous to the Drosophila armadillo protein. They bind to other proteins through their armadillo domains and play a variety of roles in the CELL including SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, regulation of DESMOSOME assembly, and CELL ADHESION.
An order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines from among their teeth, and comprising the ARMADILLOS, the SLOTHS, and the anteaters. The order is distinguished from all others by what are known as xenarthrous vertebrae (xenos, strange; arthron, joint): there are secondary, and sometimes even more, articulations between the vertebrae of the lumbar series. The order was formerly called Edentata. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, vol. I, p515)
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is expressed in the caudal MIDBRAIN and is essential for proper development of the entire mid-/hindbrain region.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes LEPROSY in man. Its organisms are generally arranged in clumps, rounded masses, or in groups of bacilli side by side.
Members of the armadillo family of proteins that are found in DESMOSOMES and interact with various proteins including desmocadherins; DESMOPLAKIN; ACTIN FILAMENTS; and KERATINS.
A multi-functional catenin that is highly homologous to BETA CATENIN. Gamma catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It is also found in DESMOSOMES where it mediates the link between DESMOSOMAL CADHERINS and DESMOPLAKIN.
Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.
A family of cytoskeletal proteins that play essential roles in CELL ADHESION at ADHERENS JUNCTIONS by linking CADHERINS to the ACTIN FILAMENTS of the CYTOSKELETON.
Desmoplakins are cytoskeletal linker proteins that anchor INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS to the PLASMA MEMBRANE at DESMOSOMES.
Proteins found in any species of insect.
Major constituent of the cytoskeleton found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. They form a flexible framework for the cell, provide attachment points for organelles and formed bodies, and make communication between parts of the cell possible.
A multi-functional catenin that participates in CELL ADHESION and nuclear signaling. Beta catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to the ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It also serves as a transcriptional co-activator and downstream component of WNT PROTEIN-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS.
A chronic granulomatous infection caused by MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. The granulomatous lesions are manifested in the skin, the mucous membranes, and the peripheral nerves. Two polar or principal types are lepromatous and tuberculoid.
A catenin that binds F-ACTIN and links the CYTOSKELETON with BETA CATENIN and GAMMA CATENIN.
A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.
Diffusible gene products that act on homologous or heterologous molecules of viral or cellular DNA to regulate the expression of proteins.
Calcium-dependent cell adhesion proteins. They are important in the formation of ADHERENS JUNCTIONS between cells. Cadherins are classified by their distinct immunological and tissue specificities, either by letters (E- for epithelial, N- for neural, and P- for placental cadherins) or by numbers (cadherin-12 or N-cadherin 2 for brain-cadherin). Cadherins promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism as in the construction of tissues and of the whole animal body.
Slow-moving exclusively arboreal mammals that inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
A negative regulator of beta-catenin signaling which is mutant in ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS COLI and GARDNER SYNDROME.
A type of junction that attaches one cell to its neighbor. One of a number of differentiated regions which occur, for example, where the cytoplasmic membranes of adjacent epithelial cells are closely apposed. It consists of a circular region of each membrane together with associated intracellular microfilaments and an intercellular material which may include, for example, mucopolysaccharides. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990; Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.
A scaffolding protein that is a critical component of the axin signaling complex which binds to ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS COLI PROTEIN; GLYCOGEN SYNTHASE KINASE 3; and CASEIN KINASE I.
Anchoring points where the CYTOSKELETON of neighboring cells are connected to each other. They are composed of specialized areas of the plasma membrane where bundles of the ACTIN CYTOSKELETON attach to the membrane through the transmembrane linkers, CADHERINS, which in turn attach through their extracellular domains to cadherins in the neighboring cell membranes. In sheets of cells, they form into adhesion belts (zonula adherens) that go all the way around a cell.
A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A specific complex of WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY proteins that mediates the phosphorylation-dependent destruction of cytosolic BETA-CATENIN. The complex is disrupted by cell surface binding of WNT PROTEINS, which allows beta-catenin levels to rise to the point where they migrate to the CELL NUCLEUS and activate transcription.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.
Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.
Products of proto-oncogenes. Normally they do not have oncogenic or transforming properties, but are involved in the regulation or differentiation of cell growth. They often have protein kinase activity.
A sebaceous gland that, in some animals, acts as an accessory to the lacrimal gland. The harderian gland excretes fluid that facilitates movement of the third eyelid.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.

Species-specific identification of Mycobacterium leprae by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the hsp65 gene. (1/144)

PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PRA) of the hsp65 gene present in all mycobacteria was used in the present investigation to characterize Mycobacterium leprae. Bacilli were extracted and purified from different organs from experimentally infected armadillos and nude mice (Swiss mice of nu/nu origin). A total of 15 samples were assayed in duplicate, and the results were compared with those obtained for a total of 147 cultivable mycobacteria representing 34 species. Irrespective of its origin or viability, M. leprae strains from all the samples were uniformly characterized by two fragments of 315 and 135 bp upon BstEII digestion and two fragments of 265 and 130 bp upon HaeIII digestion. PRA is a relatively simple method and permits the conclusive identification of M. leprae to the species level.  (+info)

Localization of Mycobacterium leprae to endothelial cells of epineurial and perineurial blood vessels and lymphatics. (2/144)

Infection of peripheral nerve by Mycobacterium leprae, the histopathological hallmark of leprosy, is a major factor in this disease, but the route and mechanisms by which bacilli localize to peripheral nerve are unknown. Experimentally infected armadillos have recently been recognized as a model of lepromatous neuritis; the major site of early accumulation of M. leprae is epineurial. To determine the epineurial cells involved, 1-cm segments of 44 nerves from armadillos were screened for acid-fast bacilli and thin sections were examined ultrastructurally. Of 596 blocks containing nerve, 36% contained acid-fast bacilli. Overall, M. leprae were found in endothelial cells in 40% of epineurial blood vessels and 75% of lymphatics, and in 25% of vessels intraneurally. Comparison of epineurial and endoneurial findings suggested that colonization of epineurial vessels preceded endoneurial infection. Such colonization of epineurial nutrient vessels may greatly increase the risk of endoneurial M. leprae bacteremia, and also enhance the risk of ischemia following even mild increases in inflammation or mechanical stress. These findings also raise the possibility that early, specific mechanisms in the localization of M. leprae to peripheral nerve may involve adhesion events between M. leprae (or M. leprae-parasitized macrophages) and the endothelial cells of the vasa nervorum.  (+info)

Identification and localisation of glycoconjugates in the olfactory mucosa of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. (3/144)

Conventional histochemistry and the binding patterns of 22 biotinylated lectins were examined for characterisation of glycoconjugates in the components of the olfactory mucosa of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. The mucous lining the olfactory epithelium showed binding sites for DSL, WGA, STL, LEL, PHA-E and JAC. Only the basilar processes of the supporting cells stained for Con-A and S-Con A. The olfactory receptor neurons stained with LEL, LCA, Con A, S-Con A, JAC and PNA. The layer of basal cells did not react with any of the lectins studied. Bowman's glands in the lamina propria showed subpopulations of acinar cells reacting with SBA, S-WGA, WGA, STL, Con A, PSA, PNA, SJA, VVA, JAC and S-Con A, but in our optical studies with lectins we were unable to differentiate between mucous and serous cells in the way that is possible on electron microscopy. The ducts of Bowman's glands were labelled with S-WGA, STL, LEL, PHA-E, BSL-I and JAC. This histochemical study on the glycoconjugates of the olfactory mucosa in the order Xenarthra provides a basis for further experimental investigations.  (+info)

Further characterization of the combining sites of Bandeiraea (Griffonia) simplicifolia lectin-I, isolectin A(4). (4/144)

Bandeiraea (Griffonia) simplicifolia lectin-I, isolectin A(4)(GS I-A(4)), which is cytotoxic to the human colon cancer cell lines, is one of two lectin families derived from its seed extract. It contains only a homo-oligomer of subunit A, and is most specific for GalNAcalpha1-->. In order to elucidate the GS I-A(4)-glycoconjugate interactions in greater detail, the combining site of this lectin was further characterized by enzyme linked lectino-sorbent assay (ELLSA) and by inhibition of lectin-glycoprotein interactions. This study has demonstrated that the Tn-containing glycoproteins tested, consisting of mammalian salivary glycoproteins (armadillo, asialo-hamster sublingual, asialo-ovine, -bovine, and -porcine submandibular), are bound strongly by GS I-A(4.)Among monovalent inhibitors so far tested, p-NO2-phenylalphaGalNAc is the most potent, suggesting that hydrophobic forces are important in the interaction of this lectin. GS I-A(4)is able to accommodate the monosaccharide GalNAc at the nonreducing end of oligosaccharides. This suggests that the combining site of the lectin is a shallow cavity. Among oligosaccharides and monosaccharides tested as inhibitors of the binding of GS I-A(4), the hierarchy of potencies are: GalNAcalpha1-->3GalNAcbeta1-->3Galalpha1-->4Galbeta 1-->4Glc (Forssman pentasaccharide) > GalNAcalpha1-->3(LFucalpha1-->2)Gal (blood group A)()> GalNAc > Galalpha1-->4Gal > Galalpha1-->3Gal (blood group B-like)> Gal.  (+info)

Transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans to the nine-banded armadillo. (5/144)

Animal models for Mycobacterium ulcerans infections (Buruli ulcer) include guinea pigs, rats, and mice, but each has limitations in replicating the spectrum of human disease. Here, 19 adult nine-banded armadillos were inoculated intradermally with M. ulcerans. Injection sites were examined and skin samples obtained for histologic and microbiology studies. Necropsies were conducted to assess systemic involvement. In group 1 (n = 4), 2 animals developed progressive skin ulcers with undermined borders at the injection sites within 6-10 weeks. Biopsies showed features similar to human disease including extensive necrosis in the deep dermis and subcutaneous fat, mixed cellular infiltrates, and acid-fast bacilli (AFB). In group 2 (n = 15), 5 animals developed progressive skin ulcers, 3 had evanescent papulo-nodules, 3 died shortly after inoculation of unknown causes, and 4 showed no signs of infection. Lesion samples from 3 animals with progressive ulcers were culture positive for AFB. Our findings indicate that nine-banded armadillos are susceptible to M. ulcerans and may develop cutaneous lesions that closely mimic Buruli ulcer.  (+info)

The vomeronasal organ of the South American armadillo Chaetophractus villosus (Xenarthra, Mammalia): anatomy, histology and ultrastructure. (6/144)

The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a chemoreceptive structure that has not been extensively studied in the Xenarthran order. Tissue samples from the VNO of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus were prepared for light and electron microscopy. The VNO is located in the anterior part of the base of the nasal septum. It is tubular in shape, approximately 18 mm in length and opens in the rostral region of the nasal cavity and with a blind caudal end. Its lumen is lined by sensory (SE) and nonsensory (NSE) epithelium. The SE shows sensory, supporting and basal cells whereas the NSE contains ciliated and nonciliated secretory cells and basal cells. At the ultrastructural level, the sensory cells appear as bipolar neurons with conspicuous microvilli on their free surface. The supporting cells of the SE contain numerous membrane-bound vesicles in their apical regions. A peculiar feature not found in other mammals, is the presence of concentric whorls of RER cisterns frequently observed in their basal expansions. Infiltrating plasma cells can be detected in the SE basal region close to the dorsal junctional area. This region also exhibits an unusual type of basal cell, probably responsible for the generation of new vomeronasal receptor neurons. The ciliated NSE cells exhibit numerous ovoids or irregularly shaped membranous protrusions projecting from the plasma membrane of the cilia. As far as we know, this is the first study reporting the presence of this feature in ciliated NSE cells. The nonciliated cells are characterised by scarce large secretory granules and apical microvilli. The vomeronasal glands are compound-branched tubuloacinar glands with serous acinar cells. Four types of secretory granules are present. The ducts of these glands reach the lumen in the dorsolateral region between the NSE and SE. Hypolemmal nerve terminals were observed contacting secretory cells. Fenestrated and nonfenestrated capillaries constitute the vascular supply to these glands. Plasma cells, intimately associated with acinar cells, were frequently observed.  (+info)

PCR with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis specific primers: potential use in ecological studies. (7/144)

The precise microenvironment of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis has not yet been discovered perhaps because the methods used are not sensitive enough. We applied to this purpose the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using three sets of specific primers corresponding to two P. brasiliensis genes. This fungus as well as several other fungi, were grown and their DNA obtained by mechanical disruption and a phenol chloroform isoamylalcohol-based purification method. The DNA served for a PCR reaction that employed specific primers from two P. brasiliensis genes that codify for antigenic proteins, namely, the 27 kDa and the 43 kDa. The lowest detection range for the 27 kDa gene was 3 pg. The amplification for both genes was positive only with DNA from P. brasiliensis; additionally, the mRNA for the 27 kDa gene was present only in P. brasiliensis, as indicated by the Northern analysis. The standardization of PCR technology permitted the amplification of P. brasiliensis DNA in artificially contaminated soils and in tissues of armadillos naturally infected with the fungus. These results indicate that PCR technology could play an important role in the search for P. brasiliensis' habitat and could also be used in other ecological studies.  (+info)

Spleen of Dasypus hybridus (Mammalia, dasypodidae): a light and electron microscopic study. (8/144)

Armadillos are relictual mammals important as models for biomedical studies. They contain adaptative and primitive characteristics in both anatomical and physiological aspects. In this study we describe the splenic histology and cytology of the "mulita," Dasypus hybridus. Organ samples were processed for light and electron microscopy study. The microanatomy of the organ samples as well as their different cell types are described. The spleen is non-sinusoidal, with the typical arrangement for storage functions. White pulp is lightly diffuse. Red pulp is a meshwork of circulating, immunocompetent and hemopoietic cells. Differences with other studied members of the group are discussed. The general structure of the organ agrees with the semi-fossorial habit of the species. Persistence of myeloid activity in the adult suggests the existence of specific inductive functions of the stroma. Better knowledge of this fact may give further insight on the phylogeny of hemopoiesis.  (+info)

INTRODUCTION Chaetophractus villosus is a dasypodid commonly known as larger hairy armadillo. It is distributed from the Chaco of Paraguay and Argentina; in Argentina to Tierra del Fuego (Deferrari et al., 2002); in Chile along the south-eastern edge (Atalah, 1975; Wetzel, 1985). The dasypodids constitute a significant xenarthran group owing to the place they have occupied in the mammalian phylogeny (Gaudin et al., 1996; Delsuc et al., 2003). Notwithstanding the essential of morphological evidence to phylogenetic studies, the knowledge about the skull of the extant dasypodids is incomplete. Some significant contributions on the cranial morphology of this group are available from Parker (1885), Patterson et al. (1989), Wible et al. (1990), Squarcia et al. (1993), Gaudin (1995). However, references about bone-by-bone description are very scarce (Wible & Gaudin, 2004), and no antecedents are available for C. villosus. The objectives of the present work are a) to perform morphological and ...
Background. With their Pan-American distribution, long-nosed armadillos (genus Dasypus) constitute an understudied model for Neotropical biogeography. This genus currently comprises seven recognized species, the nine-banded armadillo (D. novemcinctus) having the widest distribution ranging from Northern Argentina to the South-Eastern US. With their broad diversity of habitats, nine-banded armadillos provide a useful model to explore the effects of climatic and biogeographic events on morphological diversity at a continental scale. Methods. Based on a sample of 136 skulls of Dasypus spp., including 112 specimens identified as D. novemcinctus, we studied the diversity and pattern of variation of internal paranasal cavities, which were reconstructed virtually using µCT-scanning or observed through bone transparency. Results. Our qualitative analyses of paranasal sinuses and recesses successfully retrieved a taxonomic differentiation between the traditional species D. kappleri, D. pilosus and D.
In Argentina, Chaetophractus villosus has a wide distribution that overlaps with agricultural areas where soybean is the predominant crop. In such areas the pesticide Roundup Full II® (RU) is widely applied. The genotoxic effect of its active ingredient glyphosate (RU is 66.2% glyphosate) on the peripheral blood lymphocytes of C. villosus was tested over a range of concentrations (280, 420, 560, 1120 μmol/L). Culture medium without glyphosate served as negative control, while medium containing mitomycin C served as positive control. Genetic damage was characterized in terms of the percentage of cells with chromosome aberrations (CA), the mean number of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) per cell, and the modification of cell proliferation kinetics via the calculation of the replication index. Significant increases (p | 0.0001) were seen in the CA frequency and the mean number of SCEs per cell compared to negative controls at all the RU concentrations tested. Chromatid breaks, the only form of CA
Dasypus novemcinctus is one of 24 mammals that will be sequenced as part of the Mammalian Genome Project, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The species were chosen to maximise the branch length of the evolutionary tree while representing the diversity of mammalian species.. Low-coverage 2X assemblies will be produced for these mammals and used in alignments for cross-species comparison. The aim is to increase our understanding of functional elements, especially in the human genome. Dasypus novemcinctus is of particular interest to developmental biologists owing to its habit of producing litters of four genetically-identical young, and it is also the animal model for leprosy.. ...
Doing Data Science is collaboration between course instructor Rachel Schutt, Senior VP of Data Science at News Corp, and data science consultant Cathy ONeil, a senior data scientist at Johnson Research Labs, who attended and blogged about the course.. Review: Dasypus novemcinctus Whats the animal featured on the cover? The animal on the cover of Doing Data Science is a nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), a mammal widespread throughout North, Central, and South America. From Latin, novemcinctus literally translates to nine-banded (after the telescoping rings of armor around the midsection), though the animal can actually have between 7 to 11 bands. The three-banded armadillo native to South America is the only armadillo that can roll into a ball for protection; other species have too many plates. The armadillos skin is perhaps its most notable feature. Brownish-gray and leathery, it is composed of scaly plates called scutes that cover everything but its underside.. The ...
Abstract. The long-nosed armadillos of the Dasypus genus are the richest and more widespread extant xenarthra. In 1933, the prominent Argentinean mammalogist José Yepes studied specimens collected by Salvador Mazza and named a new species: D. mazzai. Several authors interpreted that the holotype of the species was a juvenile of D. novemcinctus. In 1995, Vizcaíno support the synonymy with D. novemcinctus but accepted the existence of an endemic species of northwestern Argentina that dedicated to Yepes (D. yepesi). Morphological studies have questioned the synonymy of the species with D. novemcinctus. In this contribution we reviewed the identity of the type material by sequencing a DNA fragment of 212 bp, product of the 16S ribosomal unit of Dasypodidae. Both samples of the holotype (bone and muscle) and of a specimen from the north of Santa Fe province have a 100% similarity with the D. yepesi / D. sabanicola sequences available in the GenBank. These results indicate that the type specimen of ...
conditions, taking into account the many secondary effects elicited by these climatic factors. References made below to fat levels for specific populations and seasons apply to data given in Figures 8 and 9; corresponding weather data are given in the section on weather and in appendix A. The effects of the north-south temperature gradient prevalent in the winter months is demonstrated by differences in body fat levels for the three populations during that season. In addition, the effects of the harsher conditions experienced during season 5 are shown by the significantly lower fat levels for the Georgia and south Florida populations relative to those for season 1. The effects of drought are seen in the responses of the south Florida populations during the spring of 1976 (season 2) and of all three populations during the spring and summer of 1977 (seasons 6 and 7). The extremely severe conditions imposed on the south Florida population by the flood that occurred in the summer of 1976 are ...
Leprosy (also known as Hansens disease) is an infectious peripheral neurological disorder caused by Mycobacterium leprae that even today leaves millions of individuals worldwide with life-long disabilities. The specific mechanisms by which this bacterium induces nerve injury remain largely unknown, mainly owing to ethical and practical limitations in obtaining affected human nerve samples. In addition to humans, nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) are the only other natural host of M. leprae, and they develop a systemically disseminated disease with extensive neurological involvement. M. leprae is an obligate intracellular parasite that cannot be cultivated in vitro. Because of the heavy burdens of bacilli they harbor, nine-banded armadillos have become the organism of choice for propagating large quantities of M. leprae, and they are now advancing as models of leprosy pathogenesis and nerve damage. Although armadillos are exotic laboratory animals, the recently completed whole genome ...
The nine-banded armadillo is a cat-sized mammal that is covered with a scaled shell, or carapace, that protects it from predators. It ranges in color from brownish-black to grey, with yellowish white hair on its underside. The carapace is constructed of tough, leathery skin and dermal plates on its back, head, tail, and sides. The nine-banded armadillo has nine jointed bands across its midsection which allow for flexibility in movement. This armadillo ranges in size from 15-17 inches in length, with a ringed tail that measures between 14-16 inches long. The nine-banded armadillo has four toes on each of its front feet and five toes on each of its hind feet. It also has strong claws for digging and burrowing. The armadillo has a small head with long ears and a pointed snout that it uses to forage for food ...
Nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) are naturally infected with Mycobacterium leprae and have been implicated in zoonotic transmission of leprosy. Early studies found this disease mainly in Texas and Louisiana, but armadillos in the southeastern United States appeared to be free of infection. We screened 645 armadillos from 8 locations in the southeastern United States not known to harbor enzootic leprosy for M. leprae DNA and antibodies. We found M. leprae-infected armadillos at each location, and 106 (16.4%) animals had serologic/PCR evidence of infection. Using single-nucleotide polymorphism variable number tandem repeat genotyping/genome sequencing, we detected M. leprae genotype 3I-2-v1 among 35 armadillos. Seven armadillos harbored a newly identified genotype (3I-2-v15). In comparison, 52 human patients from the same region were infected with 31 M. leprae types. However, 42.3% (22/52) of patients were infected with 1 of the 2 M. leprae genotype strains associated with armadillos. The
The authors studied 66 wild nine-banded armadillos from Brazil. the ear samples were collected and Ziehl-Neelsen or Fite-Faraco stains were performed, as well as immunostaining using polyclonal BCG antibody, to avaluate the presence of the Mycobacterium leprae. the AFB were not detected by the Ziehl-Neelsen or Fite-Faraco staining, neither immunoexpression of the BCG marker. However, many normal structures from the ears of the nine-banded armadillos, such as condrocytes, condroblasts, fibroblasts and endothelial cells, and Gram positive bacteria cocci, showed false positive reaction by the BCG marker. the authors discuss the use of the immunohistochemical studies with the polyclonal BCG antibody to identify M. leprae antigens in wild armadillos ...
Due to its subterranean lifestyle, the armadillo is forced to leave its burrows when heavy storms roll in due to the threat of drowning and the risk of wetting its fur. If its fur is wet the armadillo cannot properly thermoregulate and could experience hypothermia during night hours. Once above ground during a rainstorm the armadillo is subject to an array of predators, which can easily get to it since it is not able to burrow back to safety. Domestic dogs have also greatly preyed on these armadillos.. The animals face domestic dogs and cats that forage in their burrows as well as wild boars doing the same.[13] These armadillos also do not do well in captivity. The survival rate is so low that many will die just through transport from where the armadillo was captured to the new area of captivity.[14] Armadillos that are put into captivity typically do not last longer than a few hours or at most 8 days. In fact, not a single specimen has survived more than 4 years.[15] In spite of the high ...
According to a new study, the armadillos carrying the leprosy bacteria - called Mycobacterium leprae - that live in the southern United States have spread over the past few years and can now be found in a lot more regions.. In the paper - published October 29 in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases - the researchers wrote that the nine-banded armadillos that were once found only in Louisiana and Texas actually live in other areas in south-eastern United States. They can transmit the Mycobacterium leprae bacteria to humans.. Leprosy, which is also called Hansens disease (HD), is a chronic infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.. Dr. David Scollard, director of the National Hansens Disease Program Laboratory Research Branch said that ever since the 1940s, people have used antibiotics to cure Hansens disease. Nowadays there is even more effective medication.. The infection is very rare and does not represent a public health threat, stated Richard W. Truman, lead author of the ...
Even if the armadillos do not bite, they are risky to your cat or dog because of the diseases they carry around. When they fear that they are threatened they may claw. When you have armadillos you may be tempted to get rid of them on your own but this is not a good idea especially since you will be putting your home or your family at risk. Because the armadillos are unique animals it is hard for someone who is not qualified to get rid of them. It is advised to call for armadillos removal expert who will help you to get rid of the armadillos and he will give you advice on what you should to prevent future infestation. You got yourself a pet, whether it is cat, dog, rabbit, parrot etc, you are excited as well as you will do anything that is essential to keep it safe and sound ...
With some genetic sleuthing, scientists have fingered a likely culprit in the spread of leprosy in the southern United States: the nine-banded armadillo.
Over the years, armadillos are being blamed for the hundreds of people acquiring the leprosy disease. This is because armadillos are prone to Mycobacterium (a leprae bacterium that causes nerve damage among many others). Aside from that, these animals are also potential carriers of rabies, tapeworm and salmonella. If you have small pets around, there is also the risk (on them) getting attacked by an armadillo (in more physical sense ...
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Now, after obtaining the armadillos, take them to your patio where the buzzards are roosting and let them out of their cages. As any fool knows, armadillos are the absolute favorite food of Florida buzzards. However, the vast majority of Florida buzzards have never seen a live armadillo before. Their primitive buzzard brains will see the armadillos and go, Food!. But, when they see the armadillos move those same primitive buzzard brains will go, Holy Shit! Food dont sposed ta move!. The very presence of moving food will scare off approximately ninety percent of the buzzards in question. The other ten percent will simply follow the armadillos around, waiting for them to assume the flattened and immobile condition with which the buzzards are more familiar. The dillos will walk out into traffic and be struck by cars in short time (after all, that is the armadillos true raison detre) and the buzzards who will have been following them closely, will be dispatched by the very same vehicles ...
Timothy always had a hard time interacting with others and making friends. He was always so keen about animals, so we decided to let him keep the animal after he had caught him last spring admits Jane Whitestone, mother of the 22-year old man.. He was very fond of the little critter, he would spend all his time with him, even sleeping with him at night. We knew it was a bit awkward for a 22-year old to spend so much time with an armadillo, but he looked so happy, we never said a thing she told local reporters.. According to the Center for Disease Control, armadillos are the only animal to carry leprosy, a bacterial disease that affects the skin and nerves. The Health Resources and Services Administration has reported that there are currently about 6,500 cases of the disease in the U.S.. ...
Shop ARMADILLO BTB ARABIDOPSIS protein ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and ARMADILLO BTB ARABIDOPSIS protein Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
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Types of Damages Caused by the Digging Habit of Armadillo. Armadillos are formidable diggers that can damage our Massachusetts lawns and property. They are armed with sharp claws and strong legs that can easily dislodge the soil in our yard. There are also indirect damages that are related to their digging habit.. Uprooting the Flowers and Plants. The Cambridge armadillo will not be mindful of the flowers and plants when digging the insects. They will only care about the worm and larvae underground. In the process of digging the food, they will uproot the flowers and plants in the garden. They can also accidentally destroy the roots that will also lead to the destruction of our garden. The cost of damages in our garden can easily increase to $1,000 in only a short period of time.. Unsightly Appearance of the Lawn. Maintaining a Massachusetts lawn will be difficult when there is a presence of armadillo infestation. While digging for the grubs and insects, they will create shallow holes and will ...
The southern three-banded armadillo and the other member of the genus Tolypeutes, the Brazilian three-banded armadillo, are the only species of armadillo capable of rolling into a complete ball to defend itself. The three characteristic bands that cover the back of the animal allow it enough flexibility to fit its tail and head together, allowing it to protect its underbelly, limbs, eyes, nose and ears from predators. The shell covering its body is armored and the outer layer is made out of keratin, the same protein that builds human fingernails. Armadillos in general have low body temperatures (33-36 °C) and basal metabolic rates (from 40-60% of that expected in a placental mammal of their mass). This is particularly true of types that specialize on using termites as their primary food source (e.g., Priodontes and Tolypeutes). The 2nd, 3rd and 4th toes of the hind foot are grown together, almost like a hoof. The 1st and 5th toes remain separate. The southern three-banded armadillo has four ...
Are pink fairy armillos herbivores or omnivores or carnivores of pink fairy armillos?. The pink fairy armadillo is an all-omnivore. Although ants are the primary food source for this animal, they also eat worms, plant matter, and snails. The pink fairy armadillo uses its digging skills to dig into ant colonies, and sometimes forages above ground for small insects at night.. Can you have a pink fairy armadillo as your pet?. It is impossible for the pink fairy armito to survive without its natural habitat. Therefore, it is not a good idea to keep one as a pet. They live in a subterranean, nocturnal lifestyle that makes it difficult for them to stay above ground for long periods of time. Sometimes pink fairy armadillos can be illegally taken from the wild to be sold or kept on black market as pets. However, they are unable to survive in captivity. Many die within eight days after being removed from their natural habitat.. Why is the pink fairy armadillo pink?. Because of its unique thermoregulation ...
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Differentiation of RPE cells from integration-free iPS cells and their cell biological characterization. Hazim RA, Karumbayaram S, Jiang M, Dimashkie A, Lopes VS, Li D, Burgess BL, Vijayaraj P, Alva-Ornelas JA, Zack JA, Kohn DB, Gomperts BN, Pyle AD, Lowry WE, Williams DS. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2017 Oct 2;8(1):217. doi: 10.1186/s13287-017-0652-9.. Manipulation of neural progenitor fate through the oxygen sensing pathway. Xie Y, Lowry WE. Methods. 2017 Aug 31. pii: S1046-2023(17)30138-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2017.08.018. [Epub ahead of print] Review.. Patel S, Bonora G, Sahakyan A, Kim R, Chronis C, Langerman J, Fitz-Gibbon S, Rubbi L, Skelton RJ, Ardehali R, Pellegrini M, Lowry WE, Clark AT, Plath K. Human Embryonic Stem Cells Do Not Change Their X Inactivation Status during Differentiation. Cell Reports 2017. Gaeta X, Le L, Lin Y, Xie Y, Lowry [email protected] Defining Transcriptional Regulatory Mechanisms for Primary let-7 miRNAs. PLoS One. 2017 Jan 4;12(1):e0169237. doi: ...
A new analysis of ancient DNA belonging to glyptodont confirms the giant tank-like creature is an ancestor to the modern-day armadillo. Glyptodonts, shelle
When Isaac was born, I planned to give breastfeeding my very best try and hoped that everything would work out for us. I certainly had no idea at that time that we would still be nursing three years down the line! But he continues to want and need mama boobie, and so here we are. I could also never have predicted that our nursing relationship would inspire a thriving little business and a consuming passion for me, and that we would be helping other mamas and nurslings to have more settled, comfortable (and stylish!) feeds. My little monkey turns 3 on 15th February, and Im unable to host any Monkey Mama celebrations as Im off on holiday. Happily, the wonderful Analytical Armadillo has stepped into the breach to host a giveaway of three unique necklaces, to celebrate 3 years of Isaac and representing the evolution of Monkey Mama over time. Theres a twiddle buster in cream, sky blue and rust, and purple to green spectrum twiddly teether and a purple and grey twiddle cluster. ...
I am disappointed that Tizzie will not be replying further as I do believe some good points were brought up but regardless of those points I do believe that she should state her research or where her recommendations come from.. Tizzie - why havent you addressed WHERE the number of 16 blankets came from?! I think you are damaging your reputation further by ignoring this points or not including the research YOU looked at! Its seems that you are being quite defensive and you have NO reason to be if you have the research. As a first time parent I do follow your advice because I agreed with the majority of it and it seemed all fairly reasonable but the lack of further response has made me question whether I am following blindly. It really does disappoint me as now I have lost confidence in the only person who I saw as talking sense and now I feel as lost as when I first had my newborn in my arms! Please for your readers and fans could you just state where the number came from and what evidence do you ...
Armadillos are curious little animals but were all of them as small as they are today? DNA extracted from a 12,000 year old bone of an extinct glyptodont the size of a small car revealed a genetic code that clearly places this huge animal inside the group (clade) of diverse animals we collectively call armadillos. These results just published […]. ...
I thoroughly recommend this new book on South American fossil mammals of the Caenozoic Era. Intended for a broad readership, it is a times fanciful. The full caption to the above figure reads, A giant caiman (Purussaurus neivensis) finally strikes in a fury of mud and water after quietly approaching a group of small litopterns (Megadolodus molariformis) drinking at the river. ...
FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a member of the arm-repeat (armadillo) and plakophilin gene families. Plakophilin proteins contain numerous armadillo repeats, localize to cell desmosomes and nuclei, and participate in linking cadherins to intermediate filaments in the cytoskeleton. This gene product may regulate the signaling activity of beta-catenin. Two alternately spliced transcripts encoding two protein isoforms have been identified. A processed pseudogene with high similarity to this locus has been mapped to chromosome 12p13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008 ...
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This is a list of the mammal species recorded in El Salvador. These are the mammal species in El Salvador, of which 0 are critically endangered, 1 is endangered, 3 are vulnerable, and 2 are near-threatened. The following tags are used to highlight each species conservation status as assessed by the IUCN: Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories: The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species. Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos) Subfamily: Dasypodinae Genus: Dasypus Nine-banded armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus LC Subfamily: Tolypeutinae Genus: Cabassous Northern naked-tailed armadillo Cabassous centralis DD The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas. Suborder: Vermilingua Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters) Genus: Tamandua ...
Similar in appearance and habits to the commonly seen Black Vine Weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus, Armadillo Weevils, Otiorhynchus armadillo, are recent arrivals from continental Europe, where they are a serious pest species. So far only recorded from a handful of other locations in the UK (in which they appear to have become successfully established), they have now been confirmed from Swansea. In contrast to O. sulcatus, which is parthenogenetic, there are males in O. armadillo. In fact, spotting a mating pair of what superficially looked like O. sulcatus in my garden is what piqued my interest and led to the subsequent identification of the individuals as O. armadillo. Identification was kindly made by M.G. Morris after I approached him for assistance as the recently introduced O. armadillo is not included in his 1997 key to broad-nosed weevils. Viewed side by side, O. armadillo is somewhat stouter and broader and of a slightly lighter colour than O. sulcatus. O. armadillo also lacks spines on the ...
Like aww cats, de jaguar is an obwigate carnivore, feeding onwy on meat. It is an opportunistic hunter, and its diet encompasses at weast 87 species.[28] It prefers prey weighing 45-85 kg (99-187 wb), wif capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) and giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactywa) being de most preferred species. Oder commonwy taken prey incwude wiwd boar (Sus scrofa), Odocoiweus deer, cowwared peccary (Pecari tajacu), spectacwed caiman (Caiman crocodiwus) in de nordern parts of its range, nine-banded armadiwwo (Dasypus novemcinctus), white-nosed coati (Nasua narica), frogs, and fish.[26] Jaguars are unusuaw among warge fewids in dat dey do not have a speciaw preference for even-toed unguwates.[26] Some jaguars awso prey on wivestock such as horses, cattwe, and wwamas.[53] In de Arizona mountains, a jaguar kiwwed and fed on an American bwack bear (Ursus americanus).[54] Its bite force awwows it to pierce de shewws of armored reptiwes and turtwes.[55] It bites into de droat of Souf American ...
Abstract Monozygotic twins result from the splitting of one embryo in early embryonic development. The developmental stage, in which the splitting occurs, is the main factor determining the degree of sharing fetal sacs. The etiology and mechanism of monozygotic twinning are still unknown. The human and two species of armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus and Dasypus hybridus are the only mammals that regularly produce monozygotic multiple pregnancies. The spontaneous occurrence of monozygotic twinning is 0,45 % of all births. The monozygotic twin pregnancies have been reported to occur at a higher rate following the increasing interest of assisted reproduction technologies. In certain consideration, we understand them as a side effect of infertility treatment because monozygotic twins result in a higher rate of prenatal mortality, premature birth and congenital anomalies than singleton pregnancies. This bachelor thesis aims to summarize knowledge about the formation of monozygotic twins in mammals. ...
2121 Homo sapiens , 59056 Mus musculus , 282874 Bos taurus , 289712 Rattus norvegicus , 422851 Gallus gallus , 461097 Pan troglodytes , 494347 Takifugu rubripes , 611166 Canis lupus familiaris , 711266 Macaca mulatta , 100018722 Monodelphis domestica , 100070005 Equus caballus , 100124788 Xenopus tropicalis , 100218032 Taeniopygia guttata , 100415445 Callithrix jacchus , 100470532 Ailuropoda melanoleuca , 100595240 Nomascus leucogenys , 100620576 Sus scrofa , 100654876 Loxodonta africana , 100697930 Oreochromis niloticus , 100731437 Cavia porcellus , 100771932 Cricetulus griseus , 100921888 Sarcophilus harrisii , 100955176 Otolemur garnettii , 100996222 Pan paniscus , 101023369 Papio anubis , 101032550 Saimiri boliviensis , 101092515 Felis catus , 101138183 Gorilla gorilla , 101155188 Oryzias latipes , 101274339 Orcinus orca , 101338776 Tursiops truncatus , 101362801 Odobenus rosmarus divergens , 101431230 Dasypus novemcinctus , 101477059 Maylandia zebra , 101516327 Ochotona princeps , 101537942 ...
24147 Homo sapiens , 14221 Mus musculus , 366140 Rattus norvegicus , 451124 Pan troglodytes , 483425 Canis lupus familiaris , 717833 Macaca mulatta , 100001423 Danio rerio , 100010035 Monodelphis domestica , 100067199 Equus caballus , 100228666 Taeniopygia guttata , 100297910 Bos taurus , 100329026 Saccoglossus kowalevskii , 100342683 Oryctolagus cuniculus , 100409176 Callithrix jacchus , 100454591 Pongo abelii , 100493715 Xenopus tropicalis , 100562793 Anolis carolinensis , 100592692 Nomascus leucogenys , 100626682 Sus scrofa , 100672338 Loxodonta africana , 100693763 Oreochromis niloticus , 100756899 Cricetulus griseus , 100858635 Gallus gallus , 100944551 Otolemur garnettii , 100990476 Pan paniscus , 101010429 Papio anubis , 101030354 Saimiri boliviensis , 101080128 Takifugu rubripes , 101114387 Ovis aries , 101143785 Gorilla gorilla , 101170999 Oryzias latipes , 101276305 Orcinus orca , 101322685 Tursiops truncatus , 101364034 Odobenus rosmarus divergens , 101416872 Dasypus novemcinctus , ...
Most armadillo damage occurs because they root in lawns, golf courses, vegetable gardens, and flower beds. Signs of armadillo activity are shallow holes, 1 to 3 inches deep and 3 to 5 inches wide, which they dig in search for food. They also uproot flowers and other plants.. The best defense against armadillos digging up the yard is a good offense. These animals are built for digging and burrowing. Fencing and other barriers may work but need to be installed with a portion buried under the ground to prevent armadillos from just digging under.. If you already have a fence in place and they are already digging under it, you can purchase metal tent stakes, lawn stakes, or even rebar poles and drive them into the ground right at the fence line.. ...
Armadillo girdled lizards can now be seen at Basel Zoo. These bizarre-looking lizards have some surprising similarities with armadillos.A pair of armadillo girdled lizards have moved into terrarium 51 in the vivarium, and a young lizard - which was born behind the scenes - can be seen in the rearing terrarium next to the radiated tortoises.
The Riverside County Health Department did put up a link for Leprosy (Hansens Disease) Frequently Asked Questions on their website.. How concerned should parents be?. Hansens disease, formerly known as leprosy, is caused by Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae )bacteria. The infection has also been identified in nine-banded armadillos. Approximately 95 percent of people are resistant to infection; people who develop clinical illness can experience a wide range of clinical manifestations, but typically develop infections involving the skin, peripheral nerves and nasal mucosa.. Although the mode of transmission of Hansens disease is not clearly defined, most investigators believe that M. leprae is usually spread person-to-person in respiratory droplets following extended close contact with an infected person, such as living in the same household.. Feared as a highly contagious and devastating disease, it is well established that leprosy is not highly transmissible, is very treatable, and with early ...
Riveral said they crafted a modular together with DepEd in order to incorporate the topic in their Science subject. This will be introduced to Grades 3, 4 and 6 students.. Our aim is to spread awareness to the younger ones. Leprosy can be treated and DOH is giving the treatment for free, Riveral said.. Hansens disease, formerly known as leprosy, is caused by Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae ) bacteria. The infection has also been identified in nine-banded armadillos. Approximately 95 percent of people are resistant to infection; people who develop clinical illness can experience a wide range of clinical manifestations, but typically develop infections involving the skin, peripheral nerves and nasal mucosa.. Although the mode of transmission of Hansens disease is not clearly defined, most investigators believe that M. leprae is usually spread person-to-person in respiratory droplets following extended close contact with an infected person, such as living in the same household.. Feared as a ...
Members of the Texas Spacecraft Laboratory (TSL) in the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics are getting a taste of what working as an engineer will be like after graduation. In the TSL, students from a variety of engineering and science disciplines at UT Austin gain valuable hands-on experience with space research by designing, building and operating satellites. The group works in collaboration with universities such as Baylor and Georgia Tech and organizations like NASA and the U.S. Air Force. In fact, several TSL alumni have gone on to work for institutions like NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL).. Lab members are currently working on the award-winning ARMADILLO satellite, a CubeSat mission designed to collect data on submillimeter dust particles in low Earth orbit. Built in collaboration with Baylor University, the ARMADILLO (Atmosphere Related Measurements and Detection of Submillimeter Objects) satellite is being ...
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Lowry, D. B., T. L. Logan, L. Santuari, C. S. Hardtke, J. H. Richards, L. J. DeRose-Wilson, J. K. McKay, S. Sen, T. E. Juenger. The genomic architecture of transcriptional response to soil water availability in the Tsu x Kas mapping population of Arabidopsis thaliana. Submitted Lowry D. B., K. D. Behrman, P. Grabowski, G. P. Morris, J. R. Kiniry, T. E. Juenger. Local and climatic adaptations across the Panicum virgatum species complex. Submitted Sexton J. P., M. B. Hufford, A. Bateman, D. B. Lowry, H. Meimberg, S. Y. Strauss, K. J. Rice. Mechanisms generating species range limits: Inference from patterns of gene flow and abundance across a species range. Submitted Aspinwall M. J., D. B. Lowry, S. H. Taylor, T. E. Juenger, C. V. Hawkes, M. V. Johnson, J. R. Kiniry, P. A. Fay. Evidence of a genetically-based leaf functional trait syndrome linked to climate and aboveground productivity in a widespread C4 grass. Submitted Wright, K. M., D. Lloyd, D. B. Lowry, M. R. Macnair, J. H. Willis. (2013) ...
WINNIPEG - The Winnipeg Jets have signed forward Adam Lowry to a five-year contract with an average annual value of US$3.25 million.The 28-year-old Lowry has 20 points (eight goals, 12 assists) in 44 games this season.The son of Jets assistant coach Dave Lowry, Adam Lowry has recorded 143 points (65 goals, 78 assists) and 228 penalty minutes in 452 regular-season games, all with Winnipeg. He has nine points (three goals, six assists) and 12 penalty minutes in 31 playoff games.Lowry, who was born in St. Louis and raised in Calgary, was selected by Winnipeg in the third round (67th overall) in the 2011 NHL draft.This report by The Canadian Press was first published April 16, 2021. The Canadian Press
this sub-family, is the largest Armadillo known, measuring about three feet in the length of its body: it inhabits the forests of Guiana and Brazil. The three species of Tolypeutes, which have the power of rolling themselves up into a ball like a Woodlouse, are restricted to the pampas of Argentina and Bolivia. The members of the two other genera of Dasypodinae (Dasypus and Xenurus) range from Guiana to Patagonia, but are mostly met with in the south.. Of the third sub-family (Tatusiime), distinguished from the rest of the group by the peculiar structure of the fore-feet, five species, all belonging to the genus Tatusia, are known. One of these, the Peba Armadillo, passes up through Central America into Texas, and is also widely distributed throughout South America down to Paraguay. Another species of this genus, T. hirsuta, distinguished by its thick covering of hair, occurs in Western Peru, and the remainder are found in different parts of South America.. The very curious Armadillo, described ...
Charly Lowry is going through a tough season, but shes not about to let it best her. Lowry, the lead vocalist of local roots-soul combo Dark Water Rising, makes passionate music that intersects with her activism in standing up for Lumbee and Native American rights. After watching her mother succumb to cancer in November, its music-and being surrounded by her friends and family-thats given Lowry the confidence and strength to keep fighting as she continues dialysis necessary to treat an autoimmune disorder thats disrupted her life. Diagnosed with IgA nephropathy at eighteen-I wasnt symptomatic and I didnt feel any pain. I had no clue, she remembers-Lowry took medication for the condition, which is also known as Bergers disease, while in college at UNC-Chapel Hill. But her kidneys deteriorated to the point where she was on the transplant list by age twenty-five, a decade earlier than expected. The sudden death of her cousin in 2009 meant a life-saving donation for Lowry, but that organ, ...
TORONTO (AP) -- All-Star point guard Kyle Lowry of the Toronto Raptors missed practice Thursday because of his sprained left ankle, and the team says more tests are scheduled to determine the severity of the injury.. Toronto coach Dwane Casey says Lowry is being listed as questionable to play in Fridays Game 3 of the Raptors Eastern Conference semifinal series against the Cleveland Cavaliers.. Cleveland leads the series 2-0.. Lowry was hurt early in the second half of Torontos loss in Cleveland on Wednesday after colliding with a teammate and taking an awkward fall. Lowry returned to the game briefly, and was then shut down when the Cavaliers took full control by the start of the fourth quarter. ...
TORONTO (AP) - Raptors point guard Kyle Lowry and center Serge Ibaka will be out indefinitely after injuries against the New Orleans Pelicans. Lowry fractured his left thumb during the first quarter of Friday nights 122-104 victory. The team said Saturday he will be re-evaluated in two weeks. Ibaka sprained his right ankle and will undergo additional imaging in Los Angeles, where Toronto plays the Lakers on Sunday and the Clippers and former teammate Kawhi Leonard on Monday. Lowry is averaging 21.8 points and 6.5 assists. Ibaka is averaging 14.0 points and 6.5 rebounds. Lowry went to the bench after he was hurt but returned a few minutes later. He made two 3-pointers in the second quarter before subbing out midway through the period and retreating to the locker room. He said after the game the injury is unrelated to the surgery he had in July to repair ligaments in the same thumb. Ibaka was in a walking boot after the game. He was injured when he contested a layup by Brandon Ingram with about a minute
1 , Though the Armadillo Lizard has been difficult to find in the pet industry, successful breeding is now making this interesting lizard more readily available in both the United States and Europe. Submitted courtesy David Brough. ...
Ho, J.; Walter, T. Chad (2010). Notopterophoroides armadillo Schellenberg, 1922. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=353958 on 2017-12- ...
The karyotypes of diploid P. fragilis subsp. villosus (2n = 2x = 14) and tetraploid subsp. secaliformis (2n = 4x = 28) were studied by Giemsa C- and N-banding, and AgNO3 staining and compared with the karyotype of subsp. fragilis (2x). The complements of subsp. villosus and subsp. fragilis were similar, with 8 metacentric and 6 SAT-chromosomes, one metacentric and two submetacentric pairs, with small to minute, polymorphic, heterochromatic satellites. The complement of subsp. secaliformis on the whole agreed with a doubling of the complement of diploid P. fragilis, suggesting autopolyploidy. Only the presence of 12 nucleoli in interphases identified 6 SAT-chromosome pairs. In subsp. villosus one or two extra micronucleoli indicated a chromosome pair with very low nucleolus-forming activity, bringing the number of SAT-chromosome pairs to 4. This number may be a characteristic of Psathyrostachys. Besides very small, inconsistently observed bands, the C-banding pattern consisted of 0-3 small bands ...
The Houston Zoo has partnered with the Giant Armadillo Project to protect wildlife in the Pantanal for 10 years. The Zoo provides support and training for a number of conservation professional staff, including Brazilian veterinarians and biologists, and has assisted in the support of numerous Ph.D. and Masters students. Founder and Director, Dr. Arnaud Desbiez, assisted the Zoo with designing our the Pantanal exhibit. Several of his Giant Armadillo Project staff have traveled to the Houston Zoo for leadership and veterinary training from Zoo staff, and have assisted with several of the Zoos education programs.. Fire, conflicts with landowners and being struck by cars on roads contribute to the decline of this species. Due to the large size of adult giant armadillos, these animals also face the threat of becoming a preferred hunting target of local communities and subsistence hunters. The Houston Zoo has supported our conservation partners work to address these threats and discover more about ...
Suborbital vehicle developer Armadillo Aerospace has suspended work on its reusable launch vehicles and is in a hibernation mode while it looks for new investors, the companys founder said Aug. 1. John Carmack said he had supported Armadillo using crazy money he set aside from his video game business earnings, but is now actively looking for outside investors to restart the companys operations. Ive basically expended my crazy money on Armadillo, he said, so I dont expect to see any rockets in the real near future unless we do wind up raising some investment money. (8/2 ...
DISCUSSION. As a non-invasive method, the analysis of feces is a fundamental tool for field work in ecological studies, not only to identify the presence of certain species in a particular area (Ciuccio et al. 2007), but also for studying threatened species or animals difficult to observe and trap. For the identification, the original fecal shape must be maintained; however, as several factors can corrode it through time, visual identification is not always reliable (Chame 2003, Khorozyan et al. 2007). Particularly, feces from Xenarthra are sometimes difficult to identify in the wild because they are, commonly, total or partially mixed with the substrate.. The chromatographic determination of fecal bile acids has become a more precise method to identify unknown feces from the wild. The comparison of the whole pattern of fecal bile acids between field-collected scats and scats with known origin allows identifying the species from fecal material (Khorozyan et al. 2007), avoiding capture and ...
TORONTO (AP) - Toronto Raptors point guard Kyle Lowry has had pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory injections for his sore lower back.. The team said Tuesday he was treated Friday at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York.. Coach Nick Nurse said Monday things are progressing really well and it shouldnt be too long before Lowry returns. There is, however, no specific timetable.. The four-time All-Star has been dealing with back and hip ailments and has missed seven of the last eight games. He did not practice Monday and was ruled out for Tuesdays home game against Utah.. Toronto also said center Jonas Valanciunas had stitches removed from his surgically repaired left hand Saturday. Hes expected to miss at least a few more weeks.. ...
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I found this weblog rather helpful. The particulars and exact recommendation are specifically what I was wanting. Ive book marked and will definitely be returning.Thanks for the information in this blog.The posting in this site is very cool and also interesting.I had read the entire blog and I came to know many things which I dont know before.I am sure that the visitors who visit this site will also be enjoying reading the posts.Keep it up.Waiting for new posts from you to be posted in this site ...
Did anyone see the movie Naked Lunch? I think it was a Tarentino film, very weird. A typewriter was growing something that looked like the critter above on it. Very disturbing. (BUT SOMEHOW FASCINATING.). ...
Smokin Armadillos is an American country music group formed in Bakersfield, California in 1992. Its members are Rick Russell ( ... In 2005 after 13 years together, the Armadillos went on hiatus, playing their last show together on March 25th at Rabobank ... "Smokin Armadillos biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 3 February 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "New Artist Fact ... "Smokin Armadillos review". Country Standard Time. Retrieved 26 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Leaver, ...
Pink fairy armadillo range. The pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or pichiciego is the smallest species of ... "Updated Distribution of the Pink Fairy Armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus, the Worlds Smallest Armadillo". Sloth and Armadillo ... The pink fairy armadillo is classified as a subterranean armadillo[7] that is extremely sensitive to environmental changes and ... Armadillos are well known for leathery shells covering the majority of its dorsal side. The pink fairy armadillo has this ...
Smokin Armadillos is the self-titled album of the American country music band Smokin Armadillos. It was released in 1996 via ... "Smokin Armadillos review". Allmusic. Retrieved 26 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Smokin Armadillos (CD ... Smokin Armadillos Aaron Casida - bass guitar Josh Graham - rhythm guitar Darrin Kirkindoll - drums Scott Meeks - lead guitar, ... "Im a Cowboy" co-produced by Chris Farren and Smokin Armadillos; adapted from original dance mix by Chris Farren. Tracks 1, 5 ...
Health officials in Florida are urging the public not to touch the armadillos-who may be carrying leprosy-and who are being ... Armadillos blamed for leprosy outbreak in Florida. 1 of 2 Alarms about funny-looking creatures spreading terrifying, ... Armadillos blamed for leprosy outbreak in Florida. 2 of 2 Alarms about funny-looking creatures spreading terrifying, ... And (of course) the latest comes from Florida, where spitting armadillos are being blamed for an outbreak of leprosy that has ...
... CDC: Disease treatable with antibiotics. By Cheryl Chumley Published July 22, 2015 ... "We catch more armadillos than we do any other species," said wildlife trapper Kyle Waltz, to Action News Jacksonville. "If ... Armadillos, believed to be the only animals that carry leprosy, were first recognized as carriers and transmitters of the ... The disease is most common in Texas and Louisiana, and primarily inflicts those who are exposed to armadillos. ...
... cheered on at armadillo races and chased down during armadillo hunts. ... "It doesnt mean people need to run away from armadillos the way they do a rattlesnake, but people need to be careful," said Dr ... But unlike humans, they are more susceptible to catching the bug: In some parts of the South, more than 20% of armadillos have ... "You shoot an armadillo and try to skin it - thats the worst thing you could do." ...
armadillounknown. Curling into a fetus position in a fight, lookign sort of like an armodillo. Usually one shouts Please don& ... armadillosex. a sexual position consisting of a male and female. the male penitrates the anus and ejaculates, the female will ... armadillounknown. South American insectivorous mammal. Has tough 'armour plates' that protect it from attack. Some ... My mom made chocolate covered strawberries for my friends and I, but Garrett was an armadillo and spilled the whole tray. ...
A single exception, the nine-banded armadillo, lives in the southern United States. These animals are best known for their bony ... The armadillo is a mammal, despite its scaly appearance. There are many varieties, most of which live in South America. ... Modern armadillos are all relatively small---about the size of a cat---except for the giant armadillo, which can weigh as much ... Ancient armadillos were much larger, though. The glyptodon and panocthus, early ancestors of the modern armadillo, were heavily ...
The Brass Armadillo is notable as one of the first chains of antique malls. Larry Gottula, Brass Armadillo president, and Dave ... The second Brass Armadillo was in a space that Gottula owned in Ankeny. The Omaha store is the prototype for each Brass ... The Brass Armadillo Antique Mall® is a privately held chain of antique malls based in Ankeny, Iowa, USA. The company was ... In 1992, Gottula and Briddle founded the Brass Armadillo Antique Malls. They opened their first mall in a 20,000-square-foot ...
Get the best deals on armadillo purse when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. Free shipping on many items , ... I Love Armadillos - Cotton Bag Size choice Tote, Shopper or Sling. $6.82 to $9.55 ... Bald Eagle w/ Armadillo enamel pin predator prey NEW outlaw birds hat lapel bag $4.99 ... Oil Rig Armadillo enamel pin Texas hat lapel bag NOS vintage 80s outlaw $4.99 ...
The armadillo is the only animal, besides humans, that is known to carry the bacterium. ... Genetic studies have confirmed that some humans handling armadillo meat contracted a never-before-seen strain of the bacterium ... barbecued armadillo and armadillo chili are folk favorites. Avoiding handling and consuming armadillo meat will drastically ... Somehow armadillos contracted the disease, and now about 15 percent of armadillos carry it. They are ideal hosts, because M. ...
The IDEA of a pink armadillo is cute but the execution needs work! Too weird and creepy for me. ... Pink fairy armadillo… what, were letting 7-year-old girls name animals now? ... Nope…its a pink fairy armadillo. More info at the Science News link under the pics 🙂 ... https://www.sciencenews.org/article/pink-armadillos-ain%E2%80%99t-your-texas-critters ...
Chaetophractus nationi (Andean Hairy Armadillo) is a species of mammals in the family long-nosed armadillos. They are listed in ... "Anteaters, Armadillos, And Tree Sloths" » Cingulata » Long Nosed Armadillos » Hairy Armadillo ... Creatures » … » Animals » … » Vertebrates » … » Synapsids » … » Cynodonts » Mammals » … » Long Nosed Armadillos » …. Creatures ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Andean Hairy Armadillo. View this species on GBIF ...
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Armadillos will make several burrow entrances within their hunting area. Biologists have documented a single armadillo that had ... This will support a high armadillo population. Even in low population areas, the armadillos burrows pose a threat to ... THE ARMADILLOS. Print Feedback Despite their awkward appearance, these odd creatures are absolute machines. If soil conditions ... Armadillos have rather poor eyesight. They depend on a keen sense of smell and touch to locate food. When food is found their ...
"Armadillos, Armadillo Pictures, Armadillo Facts". National Geographic. Retrieved 22 July 2015.. *^ Freeman, Patricia W.; ... "Armadillos as Food". armadillo-online.org. Retrieved 21 November 2019.. *^ "The Ordeal of Herbert Hoover, Part 2". National ... Armadillos and humansEdit. In scienceEdit. DiseaseEdit. Armadillos are often used in the study of leprosy, since they, along ... Humans can acquire a leprosy infection from armadillos by handling them or consuming armadillo meat.[18] Armadillos are a ...
Why mammals like elephants and armadillos might get drunk easily. Differences in a gene for breaking down alcohol might help ... These ethanol-susceptible twigs sprout quite different animals: elephants, armadillos, rhinos, degus, beavers and cattle among ...
Editors hand selected Three-banded Armadillos resources. Discover them here. The starting point for teenagers researching life ... Southern Three-banded Armadillo (Tolypeutes matacus) University of Michigan Museum of Zoology describes physical appearance, ... Sites and pages in this category for kids and teens provide information on the species of Three-banded Armadillos (Genus ... Animal Info - Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo Gives picture links, overview, trivia, IUCN status, reasons for decline, habitat ...
... sippable vermouth-with the standout being their recently released Armadillo Cake Reserve. Atsby ages their Armadillo Cake ... Atsby Armadillo Cake Reserve is available at Caskers for $45, or browse the other Atsby Vermouth options being sold in an ...
Armadillos have terrible eyesight but an excellent sense of smell. What do they eat? Are they aggressive? Learn more facts ... Is an armadillo the culprit ruining your yard?. If you suspect an armadillo has chosen your yard as its new favorite foraging ... What do armadillos eat?. The nocturnal armadillo ventures out of its underground home to hunt for food in the early evenings ... Are armadillos aggressive?. The short answer is no. It is important to keep in mind, however, that armadillos are wild animals ...
The products of the Drosophila segment polarity gene armadillo and its vertebrate homologue beta-catenin are components of the ... Cell adhesion and signal transduction: the Armadillo connection Trends Cell Biol. 1995 Jun;5(6):224-9. doi: 10.1016/s0962-8924( ... Armadillo/beta-catenin is also a component of cell-cell adherens junctions in epithelia. How can these two seemingly distinct ... The products of the Drosophila segment polarity gene armadillo and its vertebrate homologue beta-catenin are components of the ...
"anteaters, armadillos, and tree sloths" » Cingulata » Long-nosed armadillos » Tolypeutes «. Brazilian Three Banded Armadillo. ... Living things » … » Animals » … » Vertebrates » … » Synapsids » … » Cynodonts » Mammals » … » Long-nosed armadillos » …. Living ...
The Pichi (Zaedyus pichiy), also known as the Dwarf Armadillo, has a head and body length of 260 to 335 mm (10.2 to 13.2 in) ... C. Michael Hogan added the English common name "Dwarf Armadillo" to "Zaedyus pichiy (Desmarest, 1804)". ...
Stats for Silver Armadillo Buildings Trending: Older & Chilly. Research: 11,747 clicks in 415 w Interest: 2.5 minutes Concept: ...
Armadillos in research played a key role in developing a vaccine for leprosy and helps scientists study reproduction of the ... Armadillos in Research: Whats the Scoop?. by FBRadmin , Aug 21, 2015 , animal research, Conditions, Medical Research ... Armadillos are interesting creatures, and either you think theyre adorable or you think they have a face that only a mother ... But armadillos have lower body temperatures than most mammals, so they develop the disease more quickly. According to the New ...
... Instinct drives these armored animals to have sex on the run-and ... It helps that among mammals, armadillos have one of the largest penises relative to body size; an E. sexcinctus male may have a ... In the Pantanal wetlands of Brazil, yellow armadillo amour blooms year-round. When males catch the scent of a female in estrus ... Shes spent years studying three of the 20 species of armadillos. Her doctoral research focused on Euphractus sexcinctus, aka ...
Science Quiz / Tortoise, Armadillo or Both?. Random Science or This or That Quiz ...
And yes, armadillos can transmit leprosy. But scientists say we neednt fear the armored mammals. ... Leprosy From An Armadillo? Thats An Unlikely Peccadillo : Shots - Health News Yes, health officials in Florida have reported ... And yes, armadillos can transmit leprosy. But scientists say we neednt fear the armored mammals. ... That doesnt mean you should canoodle with an armadillo, he notes. But with just 150 to 200 new cases a year in the U.S., and ...
... and experts are blaming armadillos. WJAX-TV reported that nine cases have been reported across Florida so... ... Floridians Urged to Avoid Leprosy-Infected Armadillos Armadillos are the only animal to carry leprosy, according to the Center ... According to the Center for Disease Control, armadillos are the only animal to carry leprosy, a bacterial disease that affects ... Leprosy cases in Florida are unusually high this year, and experts are blaming armadillos. ...
Horned Armadillos and Rafting Monkeys finishes with a series of appendices that list - in full - the mammals known from the 17 ... At a sturdy 304 pages, Horned Armadillos is of a satisfying size and I was excited to hear of its existence. In case its not ... The famous horned armadillo Peltephilus from the Miocene of Chile. This animal has been the subject of various amusing mistakes ... Darin Crofts Horned Armadillos and Rafting Monkeys. At last, a weighty, comprehensive, beautifully illustrated volume on the ...
  • The exhibit Outlaws & Armadillos: Country's Roaring '70s spotlights Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson on its poster, but it goes deep on a range of remarkable artists who defined an era: Billy Joe Shaver, Jessi Colter, Michael Martin Murphey, Kris Kristofferson, Jerry Jeff Walker, Guy Clark and Bobby Bare among them. (wmot.org)
  • May 9, 2018 - On May 25 the Country Music Hall of Fame® and Museum will unveil Outlaws & Armadillos: Country's Roaring '70s , a first-of-its-kind major exhibition. (countrymusichalloffame.org)
  • An exhibit companion two-CD set, Outlaws & Armadillos: Country's Roaring '70s , will be released May 18 in digital and CD formats, in partnership with Sony Music's Legacy Recordings. (countrymusichalloffame.org)
  • From paved roads to dirt roads to no roads at all, the Borough Armadillo tire has a tread capable of performing on multiple surfaces for maximum enjoyment. (littletonbike.com)
  • A proper choice for high-power e-bikes, the Electrak 2.0 Armadillo Reflect tire also performs amazingly with other bikes that can handle this tire size. (boonebike.com)
  • With the Crossroads Armadillo tire, we redesigned our popular Crossroads tread, making it the best multi-terrain tire out there. (exetercycles.com)
  • Specialized's Infinity Armadillo Reflect tire is a long wearing, incredibly durable tire that's ideally suited for commuting, trekking, and street use. (sunfloweroutdoorandbike.com)
  • The history covered in Outlaws & Armadillos only spans about eight years, but it's packed with characters bent on doing things their own way, including Austin DJ Joe Gracey who spearheaded a "progressive country" format at Austin's KOKE radio, Nashville's Cowboy Jack Clement who brought whimsy to his songs and production and Hondo Crouch, the eccentric rancher who established a music scene in nearby Luckenbach, TX. (wmot.org)
  • A plethora of film footage, photos, and concert memorabilia help tell the tale of Outlaws & Armadillos , as Austin filmmaker Eric Geadelmann's artist interviews and archival footage bring the story to vivid life. (countrymusichalloffame.org)
  • For flat rate and free shipping, Armadillo Pepper will use USPS Priority, FedEx or UPS at our discretion. (armadillopepper.com)
  • Join the Armadillo Pepper community and get monthly recipes, new product information and discounts only for Armadillos! (armadillopepper.com)
  • Austin was a hub for live performance, particularly at the legendary Armadillo World Headquarters, where Willie's loose, jazz-influenced country music famously united demographically and socially diverse people - hippies and rednecks as they say - into one enthusiastic audience. (wmot.org)
  • He and a collective of artists who essentially lived at the Armadillo World Headquarters applied their fine hand at elaborate pen and ink drawings that gave the time its look and vibe. (wmot.org)
  • Poster art from famed venues including Austin's Armadillo World Headquarters and Nashville's Exit/In is eye-catching and artful. (countrymusichalloffame.org)
  • Also complementing the exhibit is a colorful, 124-page exhibit companion book featuring rare artist photos, documents, artifact photos and original artwork, with vital essays from Country Music Hall of Fame member Bobby Bare, Armadillo World Headquarters co-owner Mike Tolleson, and writers Joe Nick Patoski and Peter Cooper. (countrymusichalloffame.org)
  • The Armadillo construction provides maximum flat protection from bead to bead, while also supporting the entire casing to handle the rigors that these bikes dish out when roaming city streets. (boonebike.com)
  • And with maximum flat protection from our Armadillo technology, plus a rugged casing and smooth-rolling tread, you'll get around town easily without worrying about flats or traction on parkways and cobbles. (exetercycles.com)
  • Please let me know when this product: 'Specialized Infinity Armadillo Reflect Tyre, 700x32c' will be back in stock. (formbycycles.co.uk)
  • And with its Armadillo maximum flat protection, smooth-running center section, and minimal, hard-biting shoulder knobs, the Borough excels in urban/transportation and all types of adventure riding. (littletonbike.com)
  • Denney says Franklin conceived the armadillo as the symbol of the Austin counter-culture. (wmot.org)
  • It also features Armadillo technology for the highest level of flat protection, plus reflective accents that will increase your visibility to motorists in low-light conditions. (sunfloweroutdoorandbike.com)
  • The Armadillo Christmas Bazaar is a 10-day fine art, shopping destination featuring national and local award-winning artists, live music, and two full bars in a festive, lively atmosphere. (armadillobazaar.com)
  • This Armadillo Linerlock flipper by Alistair Bastian features a stonewashed blade with fileworked spine and flipper. (arizonacustomknives.com)
  • DALLAS (Reuters) - An East Texas man was wounded after he fired a gun at an armadillo in his yard and the bullet ricocheted back to hit him in his face, the county sheriff said on Friday. (huffpost.com)