Burrowing, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the family Dasypodidae having bodies and heads encased in small bony plates. They are widely distributed in the warmer parts of the Americas.
A family of proteins that contain several 42-amino acid repeat domains and are homologous to the Drosophila armadillo protein. They bind to other proteins through their armadillo domains and play a variety of roles in the CELL including SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, regulation of DESMOSOME assembly, and CELL ADHESION.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
An order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines from among their teeth, and comprising the ARMADILLOS, the SLOTHS, and the anteaters. The order is distinguished from all others by what are known as xenarthrous vertebrae (xenos, strange; arthron, joint): there are secondary, and sometimes even more, articulations between the vertebrae of the lumbar series. The order was formerly called Edentata. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, vol. I, p515)
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
A proto-oncogene protein and member of the Wnt family of proteins. It is expressed in the caudal MIDBRAIN and is essential for proper development of the entire mid-/hindbrain region.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that causes LEPROSY in man. Its organisms are generally arranged in clumps, rounded masses, or in groups of bacilli side by side.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.

Species-specific identification of Mycobacterium leprae by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the hsp65 gene. (1/144)

PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (PRA) of the hsp65 gene present in all mycobacteria was used in the present investigation to characterize Mycobacterium leprae. Bacilli were extracted and purified from different organs from experimentally infected armadillos and nude mice (Swiss mice of nu/nu origin). A total of 15 samples were assayed in duplicate, and the results were compared with those obtained for a total of 147 cultivable mycobacteria representing 34 species. Irrespective of its origin or viability, M. leprae strains from all the samples were uniformly characterized by two fragments of 315 and 135 bp upon BstEII digestion and two fragments of 265 and 130 bp upon HaeIII digestion. PRA is a relatively simple method and permits the conclusive identification of M. leprae to the species level.  (+info)

Localization of Mycobacterium leprae to endothelial cells of epineurial and perineurial blood vessels and lymphatics. (2/144)

Infection of peripheral nerve by Mycobacterium leprae, the histopathological hallmark of leprosy, is a major factor in this disease, but the route and mechanisms by which bacilli localize to peripheral nerve are unknown. Experimentally infected armadillos have recently been recognized as a model of lepromatous neuritis; the major site of early accumulation of M. leprae is epineurial. To determine the epineurial cells involved, 1-cm segments of 44 nerves from armadillos were screened for acid-fast bacilli and thin sections were examined ultrastructurally. Of 596 blocks containing nerve, 36% contained acid-fast bacilli. Overall, M. leprae were found in endothelial cells in 40% of epineurial blood vessels and 75% of lymphatics, and in 25% of vessels intraneurally. Comparison of epineurial and endoneurial findings suggested that colonization of epineurial vessels preceded endoneurial infection. Such colonization of epineurial nutrient vessels may greatly increase the risk of endoneurial M. leprae bacteremia, and also enhance the risk of ischemia following even mild increases in inflammation or mechanical stress. These findings also raise the possibility that early, specific mechanisms in the localization of M. leprae to peripheral nerve may involve adhesion events between M. leprae (or M. leprae-parasitized macrophages) and the endothelial cells of the vasa nervorum.  (+info)

Identification and localisation of glycoconjugates in the olfactory mucosa of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. (3/144)

Conventional histochemistry and the binding patterns of 22 biotinylated lectins were examined for characterisation of glycoconjugates in the components of the olfactory mucosa of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus. The mucous lining the olfactory epithelium showed binding sites for DSL, WGA, STL, LEL, PHA-E and JAC. Only the basilar processes of the supporting cells stained for Con-A and S-Con A. The olfactory receptor neurons stained with LEL, LCA, Con A, S-Con A, JAC and PNA. The layer of basal cells did not react with any of the lectins studied. Bowman's glands in the lamina propria showed subpopulations of acinar cells reacting with SBA, S-WGA, WGA, STL, Con A, PSA, PNA, SJA, VVA, JAC and S-Con A, but in our optical studies with lectins we were unable to differentiate between mucous and serous cells in the way that is possible on electron microscopy. The ducts of Bowman's glands were labelled with S-WGA, STL, LEL, PHA-E, BSL-I and JAC. This histochemical study on the glycoconjugates of the olfactory mucosa in the order Xenarthra provides a basis for further experimental investigations.  (+info)

Further characterization of the combining sites of Bandeiraea (Griffonia) simplicifolia lectin-I, isolectin A(4). (4/144)

Bandeiraea (Griffonia) simplicifolia lectin-I, isolectin A(4)(GS I-A(4)), which is cytotoxic to the human colon cancer cell lines, is one of two lectin families derived from its seed extract. It contains only a homo-oligomer of subunit A, and is most specific for GalNAcalpha1-->. In order to elucidate the GS I-A(4)-glycoconjugate interactions in greater detail, the combining site of this lectin was further characterized by enzyme linked lectino-sorbent assay (ELLSA) and by inhibition of lectin-glycoprotein interactions. This study has demonstrated that the Tn-containing glycoproteins tested, consisting of mammalian salivary glycoproteins (armadillo, asialo-hamster sublingual, asialo-ovine, -bovine, and -porcine submandibular), are bound strongly by GS I-A(4.)Among monovalent inhibitors so far tested, p-NO2-phenylalphaGalNAc is the most potent, suggesting that hydrophobic forces are important in the interaction of this lectin. GS I-A(4)is able to accommodate the monosaccharide GalNAc at the nonreducing end of oligosaccharides. This suggests that the combining site of the lectin is a shallow cavity. Among oligosaccharides and monosaccharides tested as inhibitors of the binding of GS I-A(4), the hierarchy of potencies are: GalNAcalpha1-->3GalNAcbeta1-->3Galalpha1-->4Galbeta 1-->4Glc (Forssman pentasaccharide) > GalNAcalpha1-->3(LFucalpha1-->2)Gal (blood group A)()> GalNAc > Galalpha1-->4Gal > Galalpha1-->3Gal (blood group B-like)> Gal.  (+info)

Transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans to the nine-banded armadillo. (5/144)

Animal models for Mycobacterium ulcerans infections (Buruli ulcer) include guinea pigs, rats, and mice, but each has limitations in replicating the spectrum of human disease. Here, 19 adult nine-banded armadillos were inoculated intradermally with M. ulcerans. Injection sites were examined and skin samples obtained for histologic and microbiology studies. Necropsies were conducted to assess systemic involvement. In group 1 (n = 4), 2 animals developed progressive skin ulcers with undermined borders at the injection sites within 6-10 weeks. Biopsies showed features similar to human disease including extensive necrosis in the deep dermis and subcutaneous fat, mixed cellular infiltrates, and acid-fast bacilli (AFB). In group 2 (n = 15), 5 animals developed progressive skin ulcers, 3 had evanescent papulo-nodules, 3 died shortly after inoculation of unknown causes, and 4 showed no signs of infection. Lesion samples from 3 animals with progressive ulcers were culture positive for AFB. Our findings indicate that nine-banded armadillos are susceptible to M. ulcerans and may develop cutaneous lesions that closely mimic Buruli ulcer.  (+info)

The vomeronasal organ of the South American armadillo Chaetophractus villosus (Xenarthra, Mammalia): anatomy, histology and ultrastructure. (6/144)

The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a chemoreceptive structure that has not been extensively studied in the Xenarthran order. Tissue samples from the VNO of the armadillo Chaetophractus villosus were prepared for light and electron microscopy. The VNO is located in the anterior part of the base of the nasal septum. It is tubular in shape, approximately 18 mm in length and opens in the rostral region of the nasal cavity and with a blind caudal end. Its lumen is lined by sensory (SE) and nonsensory (NSE) epithelium. The SE shows sensory, supporting and basal cells whereas the NSE contains ciliated and nonciliated secretory cells and basal cells. At the ultrastructural level, the sensory cells appear as bipolar neurons with conspicuous microvilli on their free surface. The supporting cells of the SE contain numerous membrane-bound vesicles in their apical regions. A peculiar feature not found in other mammals, is the presence of concentric whorls of RER cisterns frequently observed in their basal expansions. Infiltrating plasma cells can be detected in the SE basal region close to the dorsal junctional area. This region also exhibits an unusual type of basal cell, probably responsible for the generation of new vomeronasal receptor neurons. The ciliated NSE cells exhibit numerous ovoids or irregularly shaped membranous protrusions projecting from the plasma membrane of the cilia. As far as we know, this is the first study reporting the presence of this feature in ciliated NSE cells. The nonciliated cells are characterised by scarce large secretory granules and apical microvilli. The vomeronasal glands are compound-branched tubuloacinar glands with serous acinar cells. Four types of secretory granules are present. The ducts of these glands reach the lumen in the dorsolateral region between the NSE and SE. Hypolemmal nerve terminals were observed contacting secretory cells. Fenestrated and nonfenestrated capillaries constitute the vascular supply to these glands. Plasma cells, intimately associated with acinar cells, were frequently observed.  (+info)

PCR with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis specific primers: potential use in ecological studies. (7/144)

The precise microenvironment of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis has not yet been discovered perhaps because the methods used are not sensitive enough. We applied to this purpose the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using three sets of specific primers corresponding to two P. brasiliensis genes. This fungus as well as several other fungi, were grown and their DNA obtained by mechanical disruption and a phenol chloroform isoamylalcohol-based purification method. The DNA served for a PCR reaction that employed specific primers from two P. brasiliensis genes that codify for antigenic proteins, namely, the 27 kDa and the 43 kDa. The lowest detection range for the 27 kDa gene was 3 pg. The amplification for both genes was positive only with DNA from P. brasiliensis; additionally, the mRNA for the 27 kDa gene was present only in P. brasiliensis, as indicated by the Northern analysis. The standardization of PCR technology permitted the amplification of P. brasiliensis DNA in artificially contaminated soils and in tissues of armadillos naturally infected with the fungus. These results indicate that PCR technology could play an important role in the search for P. brasiliensis' habitat and could also be used in other ecological studies.  (+info)

Spleen of Dasypus hybridus (Mammalia, dasypodidae): a light and electron microscopic study. (8/144)

Armadillos are relictual mammals important as models for biomedical studies. They contain adaptative and primitive characteristics in both anatomical and physiological aspects. In this study we describe the splenic histology and cytology of the "mulita," Dasypus hybridus. Organ samples were processed for light and electron microscopy study. The microanatomy of the organ samples as well as their different cell types are described. The spleen is non-sinusoidal, with the typical arrangement for storage functions. White pulp is lightly diffuse. Red pulp is a meshwork of circulating, immunocompetent and hemopoietic cells. Differences with other studied members of the group are discussed. The general structure of the organ agrees with the semi-fossorial habit of the species. Persistence of myeloid activity in the adult suggests the existence of specific inductive functions of the stroma. Better knowledge of this fact may give further insight on the phylogeny of hemopoiesis.  (+info)

INTRODUCTION Chaetophractus villosus is a dasypodid commonly known as larger hairy armadillo. It is distributed from the Chaco of Paraguay and Argentina; in Argentina to Tierra del Fuego (Deferrari et al., 2002); in Chile along the south-eastern edge (Atalah, 1975; Wetzel, 1985). The dasypodids constitute a significant xenarthran group owing to the place they have occupied in the mammalian phylogeny (Gaudin et al., 1996; Delsuc et al., 2003). Notwithstanding the essential of morphological evidence to phylogenetic studies, the knowledge about the skull of the extant dasypodids is incomplete. Some significant contributions on the cranial morphology of this group are available from Parker (1885), Patterson et al. (1989), Wible et al. (1990), Squarcia et al. (1993), Gaudin (1995). However, references about bone-by-bone description are very scarce (Wible & Gaudin, 2004), and no antecedents are available for C. villosus. The objectives of the present work are a) to perform morphological and ...
Background. With their Pan-American distribution, long-nosed armadillos (genus Dasypus) constitute an understudied model for Neotropical biogeography. This genus currently comprises seven recognized species, the nine-banded armadillo (D. novemcinctus) having the widest distribution ranging from Northern Argentina to the South-Eastern US. With their broad diversity of habitats, nine-banded armadillos provide a useful model to explore the effects of climatic and biogeographic events on morphological diversity at a continental scale. Methods. Based on a sample of 136 skulls of Dasypus spp., including 112 specimens identified as D. novemcinctus, we studied the diversity and pattern of variation of internal paranasal cavities, which were reconstructed virtually using µCT-scanning or observed through bone transparency. Results. Our qualitative analyses of paranasal sinuses and recesses successfully retrieved a taxonomic differentiation between the traditional species D. kappleri, D. pilosus and D.
In Argentina, Chaetophractus villosus has a wide distribution that overlaps with agricultural areas where soybean is the predominant crop. In such areas the pesticide Roundup Full II® (RU) is widely applied. The genotoxic effect of its active ingredient glyphosate (RU is 66.2% glyphosate) on the peripheral blood lymphocytes of C. villosus was tested over a range of concentrations (280, 420, 560, 1120 μmol/L). Culture medium without glyphosate served as negative control, while medium containing mitomycin C served as positive control. Genetic damage was characterized in terms of the percentage of cells with chromosome aberrations (CA), the mean number of sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) per cell, and the modification of cell proliferation kinetics via the calculation of the replication index. Significant increases (p | 0.0001) were seen in the CA frequency and the mean number of SCEs per cell compared to negative controls at all the RU concentrations tested. Chromatid breaks, the only form of CA
Dasypus novemcinctus is one of 24 mammals that will be sequenced as part of the Mammalian Genome Project, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The species were chosen to maximise the branch length of the evolutionary tree while representing the diversity of mammalian species.. Low-coverage 2X assemblies will be produced for these mammals and used in alignments for cross-species comparison. The aim is to increase our understanding of functional elements, especially in the human genome. Dasypus novemcinctus is of particular interest to developmental biologists owing to its habit of producing litters of four genetically-identical young, and it is also the animal model for leprosy.. ...
Doing Data Science is collaboration between course instructor Rachel Schutt, Senior VP of Data Science at News Corp, and data science consultant Cathy ONeil, a senior data scientist at Johnson Research Labs, who attended and blogged about the course.. Review: Dasypus novemcinctus Whats the animal featured on the cover? The animal on the cover of Doing Data Science is a nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), a mammal widespread throughout North, Central, and South America. From Latin, novemcinctus literally translates to nine-banded (after the telescoping rings of armor around the midsection), though the animal can actually have between 7 to 11 bands. The three-banded armadillo native to South America is the only armadillo that can roll into a ball for protection; other species have too many plates. The armadillos skin is perhaps its most notable feature. Brownish-gray and leathery, it is composed of scaly plates called scutes that cover everything but its underside.. The ...
Abstract. The long-nosed armadillos of the Dasypus genus are the richest and more widespread extant xenarthra. In 1933, the prominent Argentinean mammalogist José Yepes studied specimens collected by Salvador Mazza and named a new species: D. mazzai. Several authors interpreted that the holotype of the species was a juvenile of D. novemcinctus. In 1995, Vizcaíno support the synonymy with D. novemcinctus but accepted the existence of an endemic species of northwestern Argentina that dedicated to Yepes (D. yepesi). Morphological studies have questioned the synonymy of the species with D. novemcinctus. In this contribution we reviewed the identity of the type material by sequencing a DNA fragment of 212 bp, product of the 16S ribosomal unit of Dasypodidae. Both samples of the holotype (bone and muscle) and of a specimen from the north of Santa Fe province have a 100% similarity with the D. yepesi / D. sabanicola sequences available in the GenBank. These results indicate that the type specimen of ...
conditions, taking into account the many secondary effects elicited by these climatic factors. References made below to fat levels for specific populations and seasons apply to data given in Figures 8 and 9; corresponding weather data are given in the section on weather and in appendix A. The effects of the north-south temperature gradient prevalent in the winter months is demonstrated by differences in body fat levels for the three populations during that season. In addition, the effects of the harsher conditions experienced during season 5 are shown by the significantly lower fat levels for the Georgia and south Florida populations relative to those for season 1. The effects of drought are seen in the responses of the south Florida populations during the spring of 1976 (season 2) and of all three populations during the spring and summer of 1977 (seasons 6 and 7). The extremely severe conditions imposed on the south Florida population by the flood that occurred in the summer of 1976 are ...
Leprosy (also known as Hansens disease) is an infectious peripheral neurological disorder caused by Mycobacterium leprae that even today leaves millions of individuals worldwide with life-long disabilities. The specific mechanisms by which this bacterium induces nerve injury remain largely unknown, mainly owing to ethical and practical limitations in obtaining affected human nerve samples. In addition to humans, nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) are the only other natural host of M. leprae, and they develop a systemically disseminated disease with extensive neurological involvement. M. leprae is an obligate intracellular parasite that cannot be cultivated in vitro. Because of the heavy burdens of bacilli they harbor, nine-banded armadillos have become the organism of choice for propagating large quantities of M. leprae, and they are now advancing as models of leprosy pathogenesis and nerve damage. Although armadillos are exotic laboratory animals, the recently completed whole genome ...
The nine-banded armadillo is a cat-sized mammal that is covered with a scaled shell, or carapace, that protects it from predators. It ranges in color from brownish-black to grey, with yellowish white hair on its underside. The carapace is constructed of tough, leathery skin and dermal plates on its back, head, tail, and sides. The nine-banded armadillo has nine jointed bands across its midsection which allow for flexibility in movement. This armadillo ranges in size from 15-17 inches in length, with a ringed tail that measures between 14-16 inches long. The nine-banded armadillo has four toes on each of its front feet and five toes on each of its hind feet. It also has strong claws for digging and burrowing. The armadillo has a small head with long ears and a pointed snout that it uses to forage for food ...
Nine-banded armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) are naturally infected with Mycobacterium leprae and have been implicated in zoonotic transmission of leprosy. Early studies found this disease mainly in Texas and Louisiana, but armadillos in the southeastern United States appeared to be free of infection. We screened 645 armadillos from 8 locations in the southeastern United States not known to harbor enzootic leprosy for M. leprae DNA and antibodies. We found M. leprae-infected armadillos at each location, and 106 (16.4%) animals had serologic/PCR evidence of infection. Using single-nucleotide polymorphism variable number tandem repeat genotyping/genome sequencing, we detected M. leprae genotype 3I-2-v1 among 35 armadillos. Seven armadillos harbored a newly identified genotype (3I-2-v15). In comparison, 52 human patients from the same region were infected with 31 M. leprae types. However, 42.3% (22/52) of patients were infected with 1 of the 2 M. leprae genotype strains associated with armadillos. The
The authors studied 66 wild nine-banded armadillos from Brazil. the ear samples were collected and Ziehl-Neelsen or Fite-Faraco stains were performed, as well as immunostaining using polyclonal BCG antibody, to avaluate the presence of the Mycobacterium leprae. the AFB were not detected by the Ziehl-Neelsen or Fite-Faraco staining, neither immunoexpression of the BCG marker. However, many normal structures from the ears of the nine-banded armadillos, such as condrocytes, condroblasts, fibroblasts and endothelial cells, and Gram positive bacteria cocci, showed false positive reaction by the BCG marker. the authors discuss the use of the immunohistochemical studies with the polyclonal BCG antibody to identify M. leprae antigens in wild armadillos ...
Due to its subterranean lifestyle, the armadillo is forced to leave its burrows when heavy storms roll in due to the threat of drowning and the risk of wetting its fur. If its fur is wet the armadillo cannot properly thermoregulate and could experience hypothermia during night hours. Once above ground during a rainstorm the armadillo is subject to an array of predators, which can easily get to it since it is not able to burrow back to safety. Domestic dogs have also greatly preyed on these armadillos.. The animals face domestic dogs and cats that forage in their burrows as well as wild boars doing the same.[13] These armadillos also do not do well in captivity. The survival rate is so low that many will die just through transport from where the armadillo was captured to the new area of captivity.[14] Armadillos that are put into captivity typically do not last longer than a few hours or at most 8 days. In fact, not a single specimen has survived more than 4 years.[15] In spite of the high ...
According to a new study, the armadillos carrying the leprosy bacteria - called Mycobacterium leprae - that live in the southern United States have spread over the past few years and can now be found in a lot more regions.. In the paper - published October 29 in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases - the researchers wrote that the nine-banded armadillos that were once found only in Louisiana and Texas actually live in other areas in south-eastern United States. They can transmit the Mycobacterium leprae bacteria to humans.. Leprosy, which is also called Hansens disease (HD), is a chronic infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.. Dr. David Scollard, director of the National Hansens Disease Program Laboratory Research Branch said that ever since the 1940s, people have used antibiotics to cure Hansens disease. Nowadays there is even more effective medication.. The infection is very rare and does not represent a public health threat, stated Richard W. Truman, lead author of the ...
Even if the armadillos do not bite, they are risky to your cat or dog because of the diseases they carry around. When they fear that they are threatened they may claw. When you have armadillos you may be tempted to get rid of them on your own but this is not a good idea especially since you will be putting your home or your family at risk. Because the armadillos are unique animals it is hard for someone who is not qualified to get rid of them. It is advised to call for armadillos removal expert who will help you to get rid of the armadillos and he will give you advice on what you should to prevent future infestation. You got yourself a pet, whether it is cat, dog, rabbit, parrot etc, you are excited as well as you will do anything that is essential to keep it safe and sound ...
With some genetic sleuthing, scientists have fingered a likely culprit in the spread of leprosy in the southern United States: the nine-banded armadillo.
Over the years, armadillos are being blamed for the hundreds of people acquiring the leprosy disease. This is because armadillos are prone to Mycobacterium (a leprae bacterium that causes nerve damage among many others). Aside from that, these animals are also potential carriers of rabies, tapeworm and salmonella. If you have small pets around, there is also the risk (on them) getting attacked by an armadillo (in more physical sense ...
Now, after obtaining the armadillos, take them to your patio where the buzzards are roosting and let them out of their cages. As any fool knows, armadillos are the absolute favorite food of Florida buzzards. However, the vast majority of Florida buzzards have never seen a live armadillo before. Their primitive buzzard brains will see the armadillos and go, Food!. But, when they see the armadillos move those same primitive buzzard brains will go, Holy Shit! Food dont sposed ta move!. The very presence of moving food will scare off approximately ninety percent of the buzzards in question. The other ten percent will simply follow the armadillos around, waiting for them to assume the flattened and immobile condition with which the buzzards are more familiar. The dillos will walk out into traffic and be struck by cars in short time (after all, that is the armadillos true raison detre) and the buzzards who will have been following them closely, will be dispatched by the very same vehicles ...
Timothy always had a hard time interacting with others and making friends. He was always so keen about animals, so we decided to let him keep the animal after he had caught him last spring admits Jane Whitestone, mother of the 22-year old man.. He was very fond of the little critter, he would spend all his time with him, even sleeping with him at night. We knew it was a bit awkward for a 22-year old to spend so much time with an armadillo, but he looked so happy, we never said a thing she told local reporters.. According to the Center for Disease Control, armadillos are the only animal to carry leprosy, a bacterial disease that affects the skin and nerves. The Health Resources and Services Administration has reported that there are currently about 6,500 cases of the disease in the U.S.. ...
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The southern three-banded armadillo and the other member of the genus Tolypeutes, the Brazilian three-banded armadillo, are the only species of armadillo capable of rolling into a complete ball to defend itself. The three characteristic bands that cover the back of the animal allow it enough flexibility to fit its tail and head together, allowing it to protect its underbelly, limbs, eyes, nose and ears from predators. The shell covering its body is armored and the outer layer is made out of keratin, the same protein that builds human fingernails. Armadillos in general have low body temperatures (33-36 °C) and basal metabolic rates (from 40-60% of that expected in a placental mammal of their mass). This is particularly true of types that specialize on using termites as their primary food source (e.g., Priodontes and Tolypeutes). The 2nd, 3rd and 4th toes of the hind foot are grown together, almost like a hoof. The 1st and 5th toes remain separate. The southern three-banded armadillo has four ...
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Differentiation of RPE cells from integration-free iPS cells and their cell biological characterization. Hazim RA, Karumbayaram S, Jiang M, Dimashkie A, Lopes VS, Li D, Burgess BL, Vijayaraj P, Alva-Ornelas JA, Zack JA, Kohn DB, Gomperts BN, Pyle AD, Lowry WE, Williams DS. Stem Cell Res Ther. 2017 Oct 2;8(1):217. doi: 10.1186/s13287-017-0652-9.. Manipulation of neural progenitor fate through the oxygen sensing pathway. Xie Y, Lowry WE. Methods. 2017 Aug 31. pii: S1046-2023(17)30138-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2017.08.018. [Epub ahead of print] Review.. Patel S, Bonora G, Sahakyan A, Kim R, Chronis C, Langerman J, Fitz-Gibbon S, Rubbi L, Skelton RJ, Ardehali R, Pellegrini M, Lowry WE, Clark AT, Plath K. Human Embryonic Stem Cells Do Not Change Their X Inactivation Status during Differentiation. Cell Reports 2017. Gaeta X, Le L, Lin Y, Xie Y, Lowry [email protected] Defining Transcriptional Regulatory Mechanisms for Primary let-7 miRNAs. PLoS One. 2017 Jan 4;12(1):e0169237. doi: ...
A new analysis of ancient DNA belonging to glyptodont confirms the giant tank-like creature is an ancestor to the modern-day armadillo. Glyptodonts, shelle
When Isaac was born, I planned to give breastfeeding my very best try and hoped that everything would work out for us. I certainly had no idea at that time that we would still be nursing three years down the line! But he continues to want and need mama boobie, and so here we are. I could also never have predicted that our nursing relationship would inspire a thriving little business and a consuming passion for me, and that we would be helping other mamas and nurslings to have more settled, comfortable (and stylish!) feeds. My little monkey turns 3 on 15th February, and Im unable to host any Monkey Mama celebrations as Im off on holiday. Happily, the wonderful Analytical Armadillo has stepped into the breach to host a giveaway of three unique necklaces, to celebrate 3 years of Isaac and representing the evolution of Monkey Mama over time. Theres a twiddle buster in cream, sky blue and rust, and purple to green spectrum twiddly teether and a purple and grey twiddle cluster. ...
I am disappointed that Tizzie will not be replying further as I do believe some good points were brought up but regardless of those points I do believe that she should state her research or where her recommendations come from.. Tizzie - why havent you addressed WHERE the number of 16 blankets came from?! I think you are damaging your reputation further by ignoring this points or not including the research YOU looked at! Its seems that you are being quite defensive and you have NO reason to be if you have the research. As a first time parent I do follow your advice because I agreed with the majority of it and it seemed all fairly reasonable but the lack of further response has made me question whether I am following blindly. It really does disappoint me as now I have lost confidence in the only person who I saw as talking sense and now I feel as lost as when I first had my newborn in my arms! Please for your readers and fans could you just state where the number came from and what evidence do you ...
Armadillos are curious little animals but were all of them as small as they are today? DNA extracted from a 12,000 year old bone of an extinct glyptodont the size of a small car revealed a genetic code that clearly places this huge animal inside the group (clade) of diverse animals we collectively call armadillos. These results just published […]. ...
I thoroughly recommend this new book on South American fossil mammals of the Caenozoic Era. Intended for a broad readership, it is a times fanciful. The full caption to the above figure reads, A giant caiman (Purussaurus neivensis) finally strikes in a fury of mud and water after quietly approaching a group of small litopterns (Megadolodus molariformis) drinking at the river. ...
FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a member of the arm-repeat (armadillo) and plakophilin gene families. Plakophilin proteins contain numerous armadillo repeats, localize to cell desmosomes and nuclei, and participate in linking cadherins to intermediate filaments in the cytoskeleton. This gene product may regulate the signaling activity of beta-catenin. Two alternately spliced transcripts encoding two protein isoforms have been identified. A processed pseudogene with high similarity to this locus has been mapped to chromosome 12p13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008 ...
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This is a list of the mammal species recorded in El Salvador. These are the mammal species in El Salvador, of which 0 are critically endangered, 1 is endangered, 3 are vulnerable, and 2 are near-threatened. The following tags are used to highlight each species conservation status as assessed by the IUCN: Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories: The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species. Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos) Subfamily: Dasypodinae Genus: Dasypus Nine-banded armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus LC Subfamily: Tolypeutinae Genus: Cabassous Northern naked-tailed armadillo Cabassous centralis DD The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas. Suborder: Vermilingua Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters) Genus: Tamandua ...
Similar in appearance and habits to the commonly seen Black Vine Weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus, Armadillo Weevils, Otiorhynchus armadillo, are recent arrivals from continental Europe, where they are a serious pest species. So far only recorded from a handful of other locations in the UK (in which they appear to have become successfully established), they have now been confirmed from Swansea. In contrast to O. sulcatus, which is parthenogenetic, there are males in O. armadillo. In fact, spotting a mating pair of what superficially looked like O. sulcatus in my garden is what piqued my interest and led to the subsequent identification of the individuals as O. armadillo. Identification was kindly made by M.G. Morris after I approached him for assistance as the recently introduced O. armadillo is not included in his 1997 key to broad-nosed weevils. Viewed side by side, O. armadillo is somewhat stouter and broader and of a slightly lighter colour than O. sulcatus. O. armadillo also lacks spines on the ...
Like aww cats, de jaguar is an obwigate carnivore, feeding onwy on meat. It is an opportunistic hunter, and its diet encompasses at weast 87 species.[28] It prefers prey weighing 45-85 kg (99-187 wb), wif capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) and giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactywa) being de most preferred species. Oder commonwy taken prey incwude wiwd boar (Sus scrofa), Odocoiweus deer, cowwared peccary (Pecari tajacu), spectacwed caiman (Caiman crocodiwus) in de nordern parts of its range, nine-banded armadiwwo (Dasypus novemcinctus), white-nosed coati (Nasua narica), frogs, and fish.[26] Jaguars are unusuaw among warge fewids in dat dey do not have a speciaw preference for even-toed unguwates.[26] Some jaguars awso prey on wivestock such as horses, cattwe, and wwamas.[53] In de Arizona mountains, a jaguar kiwwed and fed on an American bwack bear (Ursus americanus).[54] Its bite force awwows it to pierce de shewws of armored reptiwes and turtwes.[55] It bites into de droat of Souf American ...
Abstract Monozygotic twins result from the splitting of one embryo in early embryonic development. The developmental stage, in which the splitting occurs, is the main factor determining the degree of sharing fetal sacs. The etiology and mechanism of monozygotic twinning are still unknown. The human and two species of armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus and Dasypus hybridus are the only mammals that regularly produce monozygotic multiple pregnancies. The spontaneous occurrence of monozygotic twinning is 0,45 % of all births. The monozygotic twin pregnancies have been reported to occur at a higher rate following the increasing interest of assisted reproduction technologies. In certain consideration, we understand them as a side effect of infertility treatment because monozygotic twins result in a higher rate of prenatal mortality, premature birth and congenital anomalies than singleton pregnancies. This bachelor thesis aims to summarize knowledge about the formation of monozygotic twins in mammals. ...
26268 Homo sapiens , 71538 Mus musculus , 300849 Rattus norvegicus , 325469 Danio rerio , 394601 Xenopus tropicalis , 421895 Gallus gallus , 462774 Pan troglodytes , 474940 Canis lupus familiaris , 511798 Bos taurus , 712024 Macaca mulatta , 100017217 Monodelphis domestica , 100069351 Equus caballus , 100080179 Ornithorhynchus anatinus , 100152568 Sus scrofa , 100227908 Taeniopygia guttata , 100355202 Oryctolagus cuniculus , 100388071 Callithrix jacchus , 100543868 Meleagris gallopavo , 100555189 Anolis carolinensis , 100582299 Nomascus leucogenys , 100672572 Loxodonta africana , 100696069 Oreochromis niloticus , 100929587 Sarcophilus harrisii , 100975412 Pan paniscus , 101005480 Papio anubis , 101051367 Saimiri boliviensis , 101072686 Takifugu rubripes , 101107741 Ovis aries , 101123745 Gorilla gorilla , 101174855 Oryzias latipes , 101277809 Orcinus orca , 101328256 Tursiops truncatus , 101378673 Odobenus rosmarus divergens , 101440041 Dasypus novemcinctus , 101471292 Maylandia zebra , ...
24147 Homo sapiens , 14221 Mus musculus , 366140 Rattus norvegicus , 451124 Pan troglodytes , 483425 Canis lupus familiaris , 717833 Macaca mulatta , 100001423 Danio rerio , 100010035 Monodelphis domestica , 100067199 Equus caballus , 100228666 Taeniopygia guttata , 100297910 Bos taurus , 100329026 Saccoglossus kowalevskii , 100342683 Oryctolagus cuniculus , 100409176 Callithrix jacchus , 100454591 Pongo abelii , 100493715 Xenopus tropicalis , 100562793 Anolis carolinensis , 100592692 Nomascus leucogenys , 100626682 Sus scrofa , 100672338 Loxodonta africana , 100693763 Oreochromis niloticus , 100756899 Cricetulus griseus , 100858635 Gallus gallus , 100944551 Otolemur garnettii , 100990476 Pan paniscus , 101010429 Papio anubis , 101030354 Saimiri boliviensis , 101080128 Takifugu rubripes , 101114387 Ovis aries , 101143785 Gorilla gorilla , 101170999 Oryzias latipes , 101276305 Orcinus orca , 101322685 Tursiops truncatus , 101364034 Odobenus rosmarus divergens , 101416872 Dasypus novemcinctus , ...
The Riverside County Health Department did put up a link for Leprosy (Hansens Disease) Frequently Asked Questions on their website.. How concerned should parents be?. Hansens disease, formerly known as leprosy, is caused by Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae )bacteria. The infection has also been identified in nine-banded armadillos. Approximately 95 percent of people are resistant to infection; people who develop clinical illness can experience a wide range of clinical manifestations, but typically develop infections involving the skin, peripheral nerves and nasal mucosa.. Although the mode of transmission of Hansens disease is not clearly defined, most investigators believe that M. leprae is usually spread person-to-person in respiratory droplets following extended close contact with an infected person, such as living in the same household.. Feared as a highly contagious and devastating disease, it is well established that leprosy is not highly transmissible, is very treatable, and with early ...
Riveral said they crafted a modular together with DepEd in order to incorporate the topic in their Science subject. This will be introduced to Grades 3, 4 and 6 students.. Our aim is to spread awareness to the younger ones. Leprosy can be treated and DOH is giving the treatment for free, Riveral said.. Hansens disease, formerly known as leprosy, is caused by Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae ) bacteria. The infection has also been identified in nine-banded armadillos. Approximately 95 percent of people are resistant to infection; people who develop clinical illness can experience a wide range of clinical manifestations, but typically develop infections involving the skin, peripheral nerves and nasal mucosa.. Although the mode of transmission of Hansens disease is not clearly defined, most investigators believe that M. leprae is usually spread person-to-person in respiratory droplets following extended close contact with an infected person, such as living in the same household.. Feared as a ...
Members of the Texas Spacecraft Laboratory (TSL) in the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics are getting a taste of what working as an engineer will be like after graduation. In the TSL, students from a variety of engineering and science disciplines at UT Austin gain valuable hands-on experience with space research by designing, building and operating satellites. The group works in collaboration with universities such as Baylor and Georgia Tech and organizations like NASA and the U.S. Air Force. In fact, several TSL alumni have gone on to work for institutions like NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL).. Lab members are currently working on the award-winning ARMADILLO satellite, a CubeSat mission designed to collect data on submillimeter dust particles in low Earth orbit. Built in collaboration with Baylor University, the ARMADILLO (Atmosphere Related Measurements and Detection of Submillimeter Objects) satellite is being ...
Find the Fieldsheer Armadillo Elbow Armor - 6000-3205-06 at Dennis Kirk. Shop our complete selection of Harley Motorcycle parts and accessories including the Fieldsheer Armadillo Elbow Armor - 6000-3205-06.
Lowry, D. B., T. L. Logan, L. Santuari, C. S. Hardtke, J. H. Richards, L. J. DeRose-Wilson, J. K. McKay, S. Sen, T. E. Juenger. The genomic architecture of transcriptional response to soil water availability in the Tsu x Kas mapping population of Arabidopsis thaliana. Submitted Lowry D. B., K. D. Behrman, P. Grabowski, G. P. Morris, J. R. Kiniry, T. E. Juenger. Local and climatic adaptations across the Panicum virgatum species complex. Submitted Sexton J. P., M. B. Hufford, A. Bateman, D. B. Lowry, H. Meimberg, S. Y. Strauss, K. J. Rice. Mechanisms generating species range limits: Inference from patterns of gene flow and abundance across a species range. Submitted Aspinwall M. J., D. B. Lowry, S. H. Taylor, T. E. Juenger, C. V. Hawkes, M. V. Johnson, J. R. Kiniry, P. A. Fay. Evidence of a genetically-based leaf functional trait syndrome linked to climate and aboveground productivity in a widespread C4 grass. Submitted Wright, K. M., D. Lloyd, D. B. Lowry, M. R. Macnair, J. H. Willis. (2013) ...
this sub-family, is the largest Armadillo known, measuring about three feet in the length of its body: it inhabits the forests of Guiana and Brazil. The three species of Tolypeutes, which have the power of rolling themselves up into a ball like a Woodlouse, are restricted to the pampas of Argentina and Bolivia. The members of the two other genera of Dasypodinae (Dasypus and Xenurus) range from Guiana to Patagonia, but are mostly met with in the south.. Of the third sub-family (Tatusiime), distinguished from the rest of the group by the peculiar structure of the fore-feet, five species, all belonging to the genus Tatusia, are known. One of these, the Peba Armadillo, passes up through Central America into Texas, and is also widely distributed throughout South America down to Paraguay. Another species of this genus, T. hirsuta, distinguished by its thick covering of hair, occurs in Western Peru, and the remainder are found in different parts of South America.. The very curious Armadillo, described ...
TORONTO (AP) -- All-Star point guard Kyle Lowry of the Toronto Raptors missed practice Thursday because of his sprained left ankle, and the team says more tests are scheduled to determine the severity of the injury.. Toronto coach Dwane Casey says Lowry is being listed as questionable to play in Fridays Game 3 of the Raptors Eastern Conference semifinal series against the Cleveland Cavaliers.. Cleveland leads the series 2-0.. Lowry was hurt early in the second half of Torontos loss in Cleveland on Wednesday after colliding with a teammate and taking an awkward fall. Lowry returned to the game briefly, and was then shut down when the Cavaliers took full control by the start of the fourth quarter. ...
TORONTO (AP) - Raptors point guard Kyle Lowry and center Serge Ibaka will be out indefinitely after injuries against the New Orleans Pelicans. Lowry fractured his left thumb during the first quarter of Friday nights 122-104 victory. The team said Saturday he will be re-evaluated in two weeks. Ibaka sprained his right ankle and will undergo additional imaging in Los Angeles, where Toronto plays the Lakers on Sunday and the Clippers and former teammate Kawhi Leonard on Monday. Lowry is averaging 21.8 points and 6.5 assists. Ibaka is averaging 14.0 points and 6.5 rebounds. Lowry went to the bench after he was hurt but returned a few minutes later. He made two 3-pointers in the second quarter before subbing out midway through the period and retreating to the locker room. He said after the game the injury is unrelated to the surgery he had in July to repair ligaments in the same thumb. Ibaka was in a walking boot after the game. He was injured when he contested a layup by Brandon Ingram with about a minute
Ho, J.; Walter, T. Chad (2010). Notopterophoroides armadillo Schellenberg, 1922. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2017). World of Copepods database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/copepoda/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=353958 on 2017-12- ...
The karyotypes of diploid P. fragilis subsp. villosus (2n = 2x = 14) and tetraploid subsp. secaliformis (2n = 4x = 28) were studied by Giemsa C- and N-banding, and AgNO3 staining and compared with the karyotype of subsp. fragilis (2x). The complements of subsp. villosus and subsp. fragilis were similar, with 8 metacentric and 6 SAT-chromosomes, one metacentric and two submetacentric pairs, with small to minute, polymorphic, heterochromatic satellites. The complement of subsp. secaliformis on the whole agreed with a doubling of the complement of diploid P. fragilis, suggesting autopolyploidy. Only the presence of 12 nucleoli in interphases identified 6 SAT-chromosome pairs. In subsp. villosus one or two extra micronucleoli indicated a chromosome pair with very low nucleolus-forming activity, bringing the number of SAT-chromosome pairs to 4. This number may be a characteristic of Psathyrostachys. Besides very small, inconsistently observed bands, the C-banding pattern consisted of 0-3 small bands ...
Suborbital vehicle developer Armadillo Aerospace has suspended work on its reusable launch vehicles and is in a hibernation mode while it looks for new investors, the companys founder said Aug. 1. John Carmack said he had supported Armadillo using crazy money he set aside from his video game business earnings, but is now actively looking for outside investors to restart the companys operations. Ive basically expended my crazy money on Armadillo, he said, so I dont expect to see any rockets in the real near future unless we do wind up raising some investment money. (8/2 ...
DISCUSSION. As a non-invasive method, the analysis of feces is a fundamental tool for field work in ecological studies, not only to identify the presence of certain species in a particular area (Ciuccio et al. 2007), but also for studying threatened species or animals difficult to observe and trap. For the identification, the original fecal shape must be maintained; however, as several factors can corrode it through time, visual identification is not always reliable (Chame 2003, Khorozyan et al. 2007). Particularly, feces from Xenarthra are sometimes difficult to identify in the wild because they are, commonly, total or partially mixed with the substrate.. The chromatographic determination of fecal bile acids has become a more precise method to identify unknown feces from the wild. The comparison of the whole pattern of fecal bile acids between field-collected scats and scats with known origin allows identifying the species from fecal material (Khorozyan et al. 2007), avoiding capture and ...
TORONTO (AP) - Toronto Raptors point guard Kyle Lowry has had pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory injections for his sore lower back.. The team said Tuesday he was treated Friday at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York.. Coach Nick Nurse said Monday things are progressing really well and it shouldnt be too long before Lowry returns. There is, however, no specific timetable.. The four-time All-Star has been dealing with back and hip ailments and has missed seven of the last eight games. He did not practice Monday and was ruled out for Tuesdays home game against Utah.. Toronto also said center Jonas Valanciunas had stitches removed from his surgically repaired left hand Saturday. Hes expected to miss at least a few more weeks.. ...
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I found this weblog rather helpful. The particulars and exact recommendation are specifically what I was wanting. Ive book marked and will definitely be returning.Thanks for the information in this blog.The posting in this site is very cool and also interesting.I had read the entire blog and I came to know many things which I dont know before.I am sure that the visitors who visit this site will also be enjoying reading the posts.Keep it up.Waiting for new posts from you to be posted in this site ...
Did anyone see the movie Naked Lunch? I think it was a Tarentino film, very weird. A typewriter was growing something that looked like the critter above on it. Very disturbing. (BUT SOMEHOW FASCINATING.). ...
"Diam bars and Dime bars (Armadillos, smooth on the inside) - YerTiz". 31 December 2016. "UK Dime chocolate to become Daim, in ... "Great Ads You Might Have Forgotten About!: Dime bar… Armadillos!!!". 13 June 2011. "38 classic TV ads that defined the 1990s". ... while a customer says he prefers armadillos, which are "smooth on the inside, crunchy on the outside." In 2005, the spelling in ...
Chlamyphoridae (chlamyphorid armadillos). Eight genera and 13 species. Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters). Two genera and ... Groups covered in this volume are: Dasypodidae (long-nosed armadillos). One genus and seven species. ... and armadillos) Afrotheria (Elephant shrews, tenrecs, aardvarks, elephants and sea cows) Euarchonta (Treeshrews, colugos, and ...
Today, the nine-banded armadillo is still used to culture the bacteria that causes leprosy, for studies of the proteomics and ... and mice and armadillos have been the sources of the bacteria for research. The non-human primate models of AIDS, using HIV-2, ... leprosy multi-drug antibiotic treatments were refined using leprosy bacteria grown in armadillos and were then tested in human ... ". "Armadillos in Research". AIDS Reviews 2005;7:67-83 Antiretroviral Drug Studies in Nonhuman Primates: a Valid Animal Model ...
The Armadillo was a space becoming known for its progressive, country, or "cosmic cowboy," music that would generate into ... Due to a lack of performance venues at the time, Austin Ballet Theatre began performing at the Armadillo World Headquarters ... The Austin Ballet Theatre performed at the Armadillo roughly one Sunday a month from 1972-1980 to crowds of 1200-1500. The ... Austin Ballet Theatre lasted after the Armadillo's closing in 1980 until 1986. Hall continued to teach in Austin until his ...
"Armadillo". Britannica. Archived from the original on October 18, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2020. "Nine-Banded Armadillo". ... Texas recognizes three official mammals: the nine-banded armadillo, the Texas Longhorn, and the Mexican free-tailed bat. State ...
... (possibly from Quechua khirki armadillo / very rough, qucha lake, "armadillo lake" or "rough lake") is a lake in ... s. Armadillo. Quirquincho. khirki, adj. Aspérrimo. Muy áspero. qucha, qhucha. s. Lago. Gran masa de agua en una depresión. ...
Horned Armadillos and Rafting Monkeys. pp. 93-94. "Vaquitas". MarineBio Conservation Society. Retrieved 8 November 2019. v t e ...
Demon Records, a company based in England, released a compilation CD of the first two MCA records entitled, Dead Armadillos in ... Dead Armadillos (Demon Records); 1998 Christgau, Robert (August 18, 1975). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved March ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "The Lost Gonzo Band, Armadillo World Headquarters". DannyGarrett.com. February 7, 1980 ... at the Armadillo World Headquarters, Austin City Limits, Texas Connection, Kerrville Folk Festival, Willie Nelson's 4th of July ... 1995 Dead Armadillos (Demon/Edsel); 1998 Jerry Jeff Walker (MCA); 1972 Viva Terlingua! (MCA); 1973 Walker's Collectibles (MCA ... Africa and Asia on YouTube The Lost Gonzo Band performing at Armadillo Christmas Bizarre on YouTube The Lost Gonzo Band ...
... long-nosed armadillos Nine-banded armadillo or long-nosed armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus Seven-banded armadillo, Dasypus ... Chaetophractus villosus Andean hairy armadillo, Chaetophractus nationi Six-banded armadillo or yellow armadillo, Euphractus ... armadillos and glyptodonts Greater fairy armadillo, Calyptophractus retusus Pink fairy armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus ... "Armadillos: Biology, Ecology and Images". Armadillo Online. 1995. Retrieved 19 December 2017. Mammals portal. ...
They came to this conclusion after finding that armadillos had the same strain of leprosy as some human patients in Louisiana ... www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/armadillos-linked-to-louisiana-leprosy-2276286.html Boulard, G ... published their findings that leprosy in Louisiana and in other southern states may be linked to contact with armadillos. ... Armadillos linked to Louisiana leprosy. (2011, April 29). Retrieved from The Independent website:https:// ...
... armadillos, snakes and lizards. Main ceramic production centres were located close to the abundance of clays, in Tocancipá, ...
Armadillos are also commonly consumed. Animals are more often consumed in the dry season. The wolf apple (Solanum lycocarpum), ...
Horned Armadillos and Rafting Monkeys. p. 30. E.g., Lucas 1998, p. 281 disputed the Cretaceous age first proposed by Muizon & ...
"Pandora's Box". Armadillo Music. "Pandora's Box". Internet Archive: Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 2011-11-02 ...
"Armadillo Peak". Catalogue of Canadian volcanoes. Geological Survey of Canada. 2009-03-10. Archived from the original on 2011- ...
The Armadillo). He was the first to land a Cab 7 Melon Grab in vert skateboarding. He is the first snowboarder to win back-to- ...
John Carmack, founder and lead engineer of Armadillo Aerospace has stated in his monthly reports and in forum posts that he ... Kayser, being the founding engineer of OTRAG, visited Armadillo in May, 2006 and loaned Carmack some of their original research ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "News Archive". Armadillo Aerospace. 2006-06-05. Archived from the original on 2016-03- ... Carmack June 2006 Armadillo Aerospace Update OTRAG Rocket Pressure-fed engine (rocket) Torchinsky, Jason (May 29, 2012). " ...
"Gems". Armadillo Music. "Gems". Internet Archive: Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. "Gems [LIMITED ...
... an extinct group of armadillo-like creatures that were distantly related to extant armadillos. Like armadillos, and unlike the ... Holmesina individuals were much larger than any modern armadillo: They could reach a length of 2 metres (6.6 ft), and a weight ... Holmesina species were herbivores that grazed on coarse vegetation; armadillos are mostly insectivorous or omnivorous. ... armadillos, capybaras, and other South American immigrants. Their fossils are found from Brazil to the United States, mostly in ...
Optics). Chapter 7. Armadillos Dancing Against a Swollen Moon. (Vision). Index Official website v t e. ...
Their next closest relations are armadillos. There are four extant species in three genera: Giant anteater (Myrmecophaga ... the other two being the sloths and the armadillos. At one time, anteaters were assumed to be related to aardvarks and pangolins ...
"Credita: Live in Texas: Dead Armadillos". Allmusic. Retrieved 18 December 2010. v t e. ... Dead Armadillos (1981). He also plays mandolin. Fable (1973) See My Face b/w Thick as a Plank (1973) Motorbike b/w Gotta ... Dead Armadillos (1981) On the Highwire (2003) Abominog (1982) Head First (1983) Equator (1985) Sport Alive b/w Guitar Alive ( ...
... is a former concert promoter and co-founder and owner of the Armadillo World Headquarters (1973-1980). ... Threadgill's: The Cookbook, by Edwin O. Wilson, Longstreet Press (1996) & Eakin Press (2002); ISBN 1571686924 Armadillo World ... Armadillos, and Outlaws: The Cultural Politics of Texan Identity in the 1970s (PhD dissertation), University of Texas at Austin ... Armadillo World Headquarters. TSSI Publishing and University of Texas Press (distributor). ISBN 978-1-4773-1382-4; OCLC ...
A batrachian armadillo. American Naturalist 29:998 [2] DeMar 1966. May et al. 2011. Schoch 2012. Williston 1910. Schoch & Sues ... Cope referred to the animal as "a veritable batrachian [amphibian] armadillo." DeMar[5] mentions Boulenger's interpretation of ...
In 2001 Brett Hemphill designed the Armadillo Side-Mount Harness. The Armadillo innovated several features that would be ... Armadillo Sidemount Exploration Harness A2". Golemgear.com. Retrieved 18 August 2012. Bowen, Curt. "CCR Sidemount - Stage ... "Armadillo sidemount harness". Advanced Diver Magazine. Retrieved 12 January 2015. Martin, Steve (January 2012). "Sidemount ... Notable examples are the Armadillo, DiveRite Nomad and Hollis SMS100.[citation needed] Most sidemount accessories will be ...
Armadillo Art Squad', a group centered around the Armadillo World Headquarters music scene. The group includes Micael Priest ... Eddie Wilson (2017). Armadillo World Headquarters. TSSI Publishing and University of Texas Press (distributor). ISBN 978-1-4773 ... As a poster artist he created memorable imagery for nightclubs such as Armadillo World Headquarters and was one of the ' ... Video game maker Richard Garriott sought out Armadillo artists and Juke was one of those who responded, helping infuse funky ...
The band released their first live album Live in Texas: Dead Armadillos in 1981, which was recorded on the resulting tour in ... Live in Texas: Dead Armadillos (Media notes). Trapeze. Aura Records. 1981. Retrieved 20 September 2017.CS1 maint: others in ...
Armadillos "Red Rock highlights St. Paul Rodeo inductees". www.prorodeo.com. PRCA ProRodeo. Retrieved June 20, 2017. "Two Rides ... " "Red Rock" Video - by the Smokin' Armadillos Tribute to Lane Frost & Red Rock includes real footage of them "Red Rock" lyrics ... YouTube Red Rock Video - Smokin' Armadillos - YouTube. ...
Comparisons with those of modern armadillos revealed that glyptodonts diverged from tolypeutine and chlamyphorine armadillos ... Because the forelimbs did not need to bear weight, it is possible that they dug much like modern armadillos, but the carapace ... Glyptodonts are a member of the family Chlamyphoridae, which also includes some modern armadillo species, and they are ... Defler, T. (2018). "The Xenarthrans: Armadillos, Glyptodonts, Anteaters, and Sloths". History of Terrestrial Mammals in South ...
Smokin Armadillos is an American country music group formed in Bakersfield, California in 1992. Its members are Rick Russell ( ... In 2005 after 13 years together, the Armadillos went on hiatus, playing their last show together on March 25th at Rabobank ... "Smokin Armadillos biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 3 February 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "New Artist Fact ... "Smokin Armadillos review". Country Standard Time. Retrieved 26 April 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Leaver, ...
Little Armadillos at IMDb Little Armadillos at British Comedy Guide v t e. ... Little Armadillos is an alternative comedy sketch show in sitcom format that aired on Channel 4 in the United Kingdom in 1984. ... Set in a nightclub (The Seal Club) run by the psychotic brothers Wayne and Donny Armadillo, the show ran for seven 30-minute ...
The Brass Armadillo is notable as one of the first chains of antique malls. Larry Gottula, Brass Armadillo president, and Dave ... The second Brass Armadillo was in a space that Gottula owned in Ankeny. The Omaha store is the prototype for each Brass ... The Brass Armadillo Antique Mall® is a privately held chain of antique malls based in Ankeny, Iowa, USA. The company was ... In 1992, Gottula and Briddle founded the Brass Armadillo Antique Malls. They opened their first mall in a 20,000-square-foot ...
Pink fairy armadillo range. The pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) or pichiciego is the smallest species of ... "Updated Distribution of the Pink Fairy Armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus, the Worlds Smallest Armadillo". Sloth and Armadillo ... The pink fairy armadillo is classified as a subterranean armadillo[7] that is extremely sensitive to environmental changes and ... Armadillos are well known for leathery shells covering the majority of its dorsal side. The pink fairy armadillo has this ...
Health officials in Florida are urging the public not to touch the armadillos-who may be carrying leprosy-and who are being ... Armadillos blamed for leprosy outbreak in Florida. 1 of 2 Alarms about funny-looking creatures spreading terrifying, ... Armadillos blamed for leprosy outbreak in Florida. 2 of 2 Alarms about funny-looking creatures spreading terrifying, ... And (of course) the latest comes from Florida, where spitting armadillos are being blamed for an outbreak of leprosy that has ...
... CDC: Disease treatable with antibiotics. By Cheryl Chumley Published July 22, 2015 ... "We catch more armadillos than we do any other species," said wildlife trapper Kyle Waltz, to Action News Jacksonville. "If ... Armadillos, believed to be the only animals that carry leprosy, were first recognized as carriers and transmitters of the ... The disease is most common in Texas and Louisiana, and primarily inflicts those who are exposed to armadillos. ...
... cheered on at armadillo races and chased down during armadillo hunts. ... "It doesnt mean people need to run away from armadillos the way they do a rattlesnake, but people need to be careful," said Dr ... But unlike humans, they are more susceptible to catching the bug: In some parts of the South, more than 20% of armadillos have ... "You shoot an armadillo and try to skin it - thats the worst thing you could do." ...
armadillounknown. Curling into a fetus position in a fight, lookign sort of like an armodillo. Usually one shouts Please don& ... armadillosex. a sexual position consisting of a male and female. the male penitrates the anus and ejaculates, the female will ... armadillounknown. South American insectivorous mammal. Has tough 'armour plates' that protect it from attack. Some ... My mom made chocolate covered strawberries for my friends and I, but Garrett was an armadillo and spilled the whole tray. ...
A single exception, the nine-banded armadillo, lives in the southern United States. These animals are best known for their bony ... The armadillo is a mammal, despite its scaly appearance. There are many varieties, most of which live in South America. ... Modern armadillos are all relatively small---about the size of a cat---except for the giant armadillo, which can weigh as much ... Ancient armadillos were much larger, though. The glyptodon and panocthus, early ancestors of the modern armadillo, were heavily ...
The IDEA of a pink armadillo is cute but the execution needs work! Too weird and creepy for me. ... Pink fairy armadillo… what, were letting 7-year-old girls name animals now? ... Nope…its a pink fairy armadillo. More info at the Science News link under the pics 🙂 ... https://www.sciencenews.org/article/pink-armadillos-ain%E2%80%99t-your-texas-critters ...
While the armadillo-to-human transmission risk is usually low, people can get the disease from eating under-cooked armadillo ... Everything you need to know about leprosy-and the armadillos that have caused recent cases in Florida. * Gabrielle Canon. Bio ... Health officials believe armadillos may be to blame for the increase and have advised people to stay away from them. Because ... Wait…armadillos?. According to the Centers for Disease Control an Prevention, the small, shelled slug eaters are carriers of ...
... screaming hairy armadillos are a hirsute armadillo species that emit a loud squeal when threatened. They are native to the ... Screaming hairy armadillo. True to their name, screaming hairy armadillos are a hirsute armadillo species that emit a loud ... Screaming hairy armadillos are the smallest of the three species of hairy armadillo, averaging less than 1.9 pounds (0.86 ... Screaming hairy armadillos consume large amounts of sand while foraging for food; accounts of 50 percent of an armadillos ...
Armadillos can be really annoying and the only sure way to keep them out of your garden is with a physical barrier like a fence ... An armadillo has the ability to climb and burrow. However, a fence slanted outward at a 40-degree angle, with a portion buried ... Armadillos can be captured in Havahart or Tomahawk traps. The best locations to set traps are along pathways to their burrows ...
Chlamyphorus truncatus (Pink fairy armadillo) is a species of mammal in the family long-nosed armadillos. It is found in the ... Life » … » Animals » … » Vertebrates » … » Synapsids » … » Cynodonts » Mammals » … » Long-nosed armadillos » …. Life » Cellular ...
If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information ...
Armadillos will make several burrow entrances within their hunting area. Biologists have documented a single armadillo that had ... This will support a high armadillo population. Even in low population areas, the armadillos burrows pose a threat to ... THE ARMADILLOS. Print Feedback Despite their awkward appearance, these odd creatures are absolute machines. If soil conditions ... Armadillos have rather poor eyesight. They depend on a keen sense of smell and touch to locate food. When food is found their ...
"Armadillos, Armadillo Pictures, Armadillo Facts". National Geographic. Retrieved 22 July 2015.. *^ Freeman, Patricia W.; ... "Armadillos as Food". armadillo-online.org. Retrieved 21 November 2019.. *^ "The Ordeal of Herbert Hoover, Part 2". National ... Armadillos and humansEdit. In scienceEdit. DiseaseEdit. Armadillos are often used in the study of leprosy, since they, along ... Humans can acquire a leprosy infection from armadillos by handling them or consuming armadillo meat.[18] Armadillos are a ...
Why mammals like elephants and armadillos might get drunk easily. Differences in a gene for breaking down alcohol might help ... These ethanol-susceptible twigs sprout quite different animals: elephants, armadillos, rhinos, degus, beavers and cattle among ...
... sippable vermouth-with the standout being their recently released Armadillo Cake Reserve. Atsby ages their Armadillo Cake ... Atsby Armadillo Cake Reserve is available at Caskers for $45, or browse the other Atsby Vermouth options being sold in an ...
The products of the Drosophila segment polarity gene armadillo and its vertebrate homologue beta-catenin are components of the ... Cell adhesion and signal transduction: the Armadillo connection Trends Cell Biol. 1995 Jun;5(6):224-9. doi: 10.1016/s0962-8924( ... Armadillo/beta-catenin is also a component of cell-cell adherens junctions in epithelia. How can these two seemingly distinct ... The products of the Drosophila segment polarity gene armadillo and its vertebrate homologue beta-catenin are components of the ...
"anteaters, armadillos, and tree sloths" » Cingulata » Long-nosed armadillos » Tolypeutes «. Brazilian Three Banded Armadillo. ... Living things » … » Animals » … » Vertebrates » … » Synapsids » … » Cynodonts » Mammals » … » Long-nosed armadillos » …. Living ...
The Pichi (Zaedyus pichiy), also known as the Dwarf Armadillo, has a head and body length of 260 to 335 mm (10.2 to 13.2 in) ... C. Michael Hogan added the English common name "Dwarf Armadillo" to "Zaedyus pichiy (Desmarest, 1804)". ...
Stats for Silver Armadillo Buildings Trending: Older & Chilly. Research: 11,747 clicks in 415 w Interest: 2.5 minutes Concept: ...
Armadillos in research played a key role in developing a vaccine for leprosy and helps scientists study reproduction of the ... Armadillos in Research: Whats the Scoop?. by FBRadmin , Aug 21, 2015 , animal research, Conditions, Medical Research ... Armadillos are interesting creatures, and either you think theyre adorable or you think they have a face that only a mother ... But armadillos have lower body temperatures than most mammals, so they develop the disease more quickly. According to the New ...
... Instinct drives these armored animals to have sex on the run-and ... It helps that among mammals, armadillos have one of the largest penises relative to body size; an E. sexcinctus male may have a ... In the Pantanal wetlands of Brazil, yellow armadillo amour blooms year-round. When males catch the scent of a female in estrus ... Shes spent years studying three of the 20 species of armadillos. Her doctoral research focused on Euphractus sexcinctus, aka ...
Science Quiz / Tortoise, Armadillo or Both?. Random Science or This or That Quiz ...
"Giant Armadillo: Natural History Notebooks". Retrieved 2012-06-08.. *↑ "The Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)". Edis ... The nine-banded armadillo has an unusual reproductive system, in which genetically identical quadruplets are born in each ... It only happens in the genus Dasypus, and not in all armadillos. Other animals which have this reproductive method are ... There are about 10 living genera and about 20 species of armadillo. Their average length is about 75 centimeters (30 in), ...
... an armadillo rolled up in a ball. Read why an armadillo ball is more than a shape -- its a defensive tactic. ... An armadillo ball is what it sounds like: ... you call an armadillo an armadillo. Originally native to ... Because armadillos cant accumulate much body fat, they spend much of their time foraging. A majority of the armadillo diet ... If you think an armadillo looks strange, consider the rest of its oddball relatives. Armadillos are part of the Xenarthra ...
And yes, armadillos can transmit leprosy. But scientists say we neednt fear the armored mammals. ... Leprosy From An Armadillo? Thats An Unlikely Peccadillo : Shots - Health News Yes, health officials in Florida have reported ... And yes, armadillos can transmit leprosy. But scientists say we neednt fear the armored mammals. ... That doesnt mean you should canoodle with an armadillo, he notes. But with just 150 to 200 new cases a year in the U.S., and ...
  • The pink fairy armadillo ( Chlamyphorus truncatus ) or pichiciego is the smallest species of armadillo (mammals of the families Chlamyphoridae and Dasypodidae , recognized by a bony armor shell), first described by R. Harlan in 1825. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conservation status for pink fairy armadillo is still uncertain, and it is listed as Data Deficient by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . (wikipedia.org)
  • Chlamyphorus truncatus (pink fairy armadillo) and Chlamyphorus retusus (chacoan or greater fairy armadillo ). (wikipedia.org)
  • This narrow range contains a unique and crucial habitat for the pink fairy armadillo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pink fairy armadillo… what, we're letting 7-year-old girls name animals now? (cuteoverload.com)
  • Nope…it's a pink fairy armadillo. (cuteoverload.com)
  • Chlamyphorus truncatus (Pink fairy armadillo) is a species of mammal in the family long-nosed armadillos . (eol.org)
  • The giant armadillo grows up to 150 cm (59 in) and weighs up to 54 kg (119 lb), while the pink fairy armadillo has a length of only 13-15 cm (5-6 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • These include the giant armadillo, which can weigh up to 130 pounds, and the pink fairy armadillo, which weighs less than 4 ounces. (uga.edu)
  • Now Louisiana researchers have learned something else about nine-banded armadillos. (latimes.com)
  • A single exception, the nine-banded armadillo, lives in the southern United States. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Nine-banded armadillo skeleton. (wikipedia.org)
  • The nine-banded armadillo has an unusual reproductive system, in which genetically identical quadruplets are born in each litter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The nine-banded armadillo is a cat-sized mammal that is covered with a scaled shell, or carapace, that protects it from predators. (whozoo.org)
  • The nine-banded armadillo has nine jointed bands across its midsection which allow for flexibility in movement. (whozoo.org)
  • The nine-banded armadillo has four toes on each of its front feet and five toes on each of its hind feet. (whozoo.org)
  • Contrary to popular belief, the nine-banded armadillo cannot roll itself into a ball for protection. (whozoo.org)
  • The nine-banded armadillo resides in the Texas Wild Petting Corral at the Ft. Worth Zoo. (whozoo.org)
  • Several nine-banded armadillos, the type found in the U.S., were inoculated with leprosy germs and came down with full-blown cases of the disease. (straightdope.com)
  • Nine-banded armadillos, of which there are 30 to 50 million in the southeastern U.S., are believed to be the only significant natural reservoir of leprosy apart from humans. (straightdope.com)
  • The infection has also been identified in nine-banded armadillos. (fourwinds10.com)
  • LOS ANGELES - With some genetic sleuthing, scientists have fingered a likely culprit in the spread of leprosy in the southern United States: the nine-banded armadillo. (lubbockonline.com)
  • View the special, adapted features of the nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus, that allow it to forage for its insect diet Unmounted for up-close study, it is ideal for comparison with the closely related anteater skull. (wardsci.com)
  • The nine-banded armadillo ranges from southern Texas to the southeastern tip of New Mexico, through Oklahoma from the southeastern corner of Kansas and the southwestern corner of Missouri, through most of Arkansas to southwestern Mississippi. (ohranger.com)
  • The nine-banded armadillo varies in size and color but is usually the size of an opossum, weighing from 8 to 17 pounds and having color that ranges from brown, black, red, gray or yellow. (ohranger.com)
  • Image: A nine-banded armadillo scouting for food. (ohranger.com)
  • The nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) serves as a model for lepromatous leprosy and provides a large number of bacilli for research. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Paracoccidioides brasiliensis isolates from 10 nine-banded armadillos ( Dasypus novemcinctus ) were comparable with 19 clinical isolates by sequence analysis of the PbGP43 gene and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) and ITS2 and by random amplified polymorphic DNA. (asm.org)
  • Nine-banded armadillos ( Dasypus novemcinctus ) have recently been considered a natural reservoir of P. brasiliensis ( 2 , 9 , 21 , 24 , 29 ). (asm.org)
  • To determine the degree to which xenarthrous articulations impact vertebral movement, we passively measured compliance and range of motion during ventroflexion, dorsiflexion, and lateral bending across the thoracolumbar region of the nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus . (biologists.org)
  • Implantation in the nine-banded (long-nosed) armadillo has several intriguing features. (slideserve.com)
  • In 1971 it was discovered that the nine-banded armadillo ( Dasypus novemcinctus ) could be infected in the laboratory with Mycobacterium leprae , and would manifest disease similar to the lepromatous form of leprosy in man. (ajtmh.org)
  • The nine-banded armadillo is about the size of an opossum or large house cat. (uga.edu)
  • At the start of the 20th century, the nine-banded armadillo was present in Texas. (uga.edu)
  • In addition to humans, nine-banded armadillos ( Dasypus novemcinctus ) are the only other natural host of M. leprae , and they develop a systemically disseminated disease with extensive neurological involvement. (biologists.org)
  • Because of the heavy burdens of bacilli they harbor, nine-banded armadillos have become the organism of choice for propagating large quantities of M. leprae , and they are now advancing as models of leprosy pathogenesis and nerve damage. (biologists.org)
  • yes, there are wild armadillos out there with leprosy infections. (fbresearch.org)
  • Fewer than 5 percent of wild armadillos have it, though I grant you that 5 percent of 30 to 50 million is a lot of armadillos. (straightdope.com)
  • DNA samples were taken from 33 wild armadillos in Arkansas, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Texas, where they're sometimes referred to as "hillbilly speed bumps" because they're often run over by cars. (lubbockonline.com)
  • Wild armadillos can carry leprosy and, because their meat is eaten by humans, development of the disease among armadillo meat consumers has been investigated. (scielo.br)
  • In 1975 several wild armadillos captured in Louisiana were found to have a disease identical to the M. leprae infection in laboratory animals. (ajtmh.org)
  • If this infection of wild armadillos is of recent onset, an association with human leprosy in enzootic areas may not be detectable for several years. (ajtmh.org)
  • Dasypodidae (Xenarthra) is a family of fossorial mammals, commonly known as armadillos, that originated in South America and radiated to Central and North America during the late Pliocene as the Panamanian land bridge neared completion (Webb, 1985). (scielo.br)
  • En esta contribución se revisó la identidad del material tipo secuenciando un fragmento de ADN de 212 bp, que codifica parte de la unidad ribosomal 16S de Dasypodidae. (scielo.org.ar)
  • The long-nosed armadillos or "mulitas" belong to the Dasypodidae family, the earliest diverging clade inside the Cingulata by the middle Eocene (Gibb et al . (scielo.org.ar)
  • Like all of the Xenarthra lineages, armadillos originated in South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, all extant armadillo species are still present in South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armadillo ancestors reached South America around 100 million years ago. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In case it's not obvious, the title refers to select details of the South American mammal assemblage: several of the extinct armadillos known from the continent's fossil record famously have horns, and the monkeys we associate with South America can only have got to there by 'rafting' - that is, by arriving there following trans-oceanic travel on masses of floating vegetation. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Only one species of armadillo lives in Georgia and the southeastern United States, but 20 recognized species are found throughout Central and South America. (uga.edu)
  • About two million years ago a relative of the armadillo as large as a rhinoceros lived in South America, and small cousins lived as far north as Canada. (uga.edu)
  • The armadillo is a mammal, despite its scaly appearance. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The mammal lineage of Xenarthra- sloths , anteaters , and armadillos -has inhabited the Western Hemisphere since Paleocene times, some 65 million years ago. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • No other mammal in Georgia has bony skin plates or a "shell," which makes the armadillo easy to identify. (uga.edu)
  • Armadillo, meaning "little armored one" in Spanish, is the only mammal alive that has a solid, protective shell. (darwinism-watch.com)
  • Pink fairy armadillos are nocturnal burrowing mammals endemic to the xeric environment in central Argentina . (wikipedia.org)
  • The New World mammals and their leathery shell provide exactly the right temperature for the bacteria to flourish and it's thought that humans spread the disease to armadillos some 400-500 years ago. (inhabitat.com)
  • Chaetophractus nationi (Andean Hairy Armadillo) is a species of mammals in the family long-nosed armadillos . (eol.org)
  • Armadillos meaning "little armoured ones" in Spanish are New World placental mammals in the order Cingulata . (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent genetic research suggests that an extinct group of giant armoured mammals, the glyptodonts , should be included within the lineage of armadillos, having diverged some 35 million years ago, more recently than previously assumed. (wikipedia.org)
  • But armadillos have lower body temperatures than most mammals, so they develop the disease more quickly. (fbresearch.org)
  • Armadillos are the only mammals -- other than humans -- that can carry leprosy. (wlrn.org)
  • Armadillos are the only mammals -- other than humans -- that can carry leprosy, says Ron Magill, spokesman for Zoo Miami. (wlrn.org)
  • Armadillos are one of the very few mammals that harbor the bacteria that cause the sometimes disfiguring disease, which first shows up as an unusual lumpy skin lesion. (lubbockonline.com)
  • Armadillos are part of the Xenarthra family, along with sloths and anteaters . (howstuffworks.com)
  • Closely related to anteaters and sloths, the armadillo is a rather interesting and unusual animal. (ohranger.com)
  • Armadillos, ant-eaters, and sloths are wild animals and should be handled accordingly. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Wash hands and arms after handling armadillos, ant-eaters, and sloths. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Whenever you are ill, even if you're not certain that the illness is work-related, always mention to your physician that you work with armadillos, ant-eaters or sloths. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Armadillo's sleep most of the day, some eighteen hours (just like sloths and anteaters, which are close cousins to the armadillo). (whats-your-sign.com)
  • Xenarthran (armadillos, sloths, anteaters) vertebral columns are characterized by xenarthrous articulations, novel intervertebral articulations located in the posterior trunk that are hypothesized to stiffen the vertebral column to facilitate digging. (biologists.org)
  • Scientists classify armadillos with anteaters and sloths. (uga.edu)
  • And (of course) the latest comes from Florida , where spitting armadillos are being blamed for an outbreak of leprosy that has so far affected nine individuals. (inhabitat.com)
  • In Florida, where typically only two-12 individuals are diagnosed with Hansen's Disease each year, the presence of nine cases by late July has raised alarm, and officials are concerned that these cases may be linked to contact with armadillos. (inhabitat.com)
  • But in two of the first three cases diagnosed this year in Florida, the patients reported recent close contact with armadillos. (inhabitat.com)
  • Speaking to USA Today, Brad Dalton of the Florida Department of health explained, "Extended close contact with infected armadillos may also pose exposure risk to (Hansen's)," adding "Generally, you don't want to be playing with wild animals anyway. (inhabitat.com)
  • Speaking to CNN , Dr. Sunil Joshi, president-elect of the Duval County Medical Society in Florida said, "New homes are being developed, and we are tearing down armadillos' homes in the process. (inhabitat.com)
  • Florida health officials say they've seen nine cases of leprosy in recent weeks, a dramatic uptick to the state's usual count at this time of year and something doctors are attributing to the patients' exposure to armadillos. (wnd.com)
  • Everything you need to know about leprosy-and the armadillos that have caused recent cases in Florida. (motherjones.com)
  • So when we heard that state health officials in Florida have reported nine people with leprosy and suggested that people avoid armadillos, we here at Team Shots just had to check it out. (npr.org)
  • there are armadillos aplenty in the southern United States, and Florida averages about 10 cases of leprosy a year. (npr.org)
  • Armadillos have been around a LING time probably thousands of years yet, after the refugee and illegal resettlement in Florida increases lo and behold we have Leprosy cases increasing triple. (fourwinds10.com)
  • Nearly every news outlet reporting on the leprosy-armadillo-Florida story labels the illness an "ancient-scourge," "disfiguring," even "Biblical. (uchicago.edu)
  • Armadillos Spread Leprosy in Florida: Are Dogs and Cats at Risk? (pethealthnetwork.com)
  • Armadillos are common in Florida and found across most of the state, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. (pethealthnetwork.com)
  • From shallow reef diving in the Florida Keys, to extreme deep cave exploration in Tennessee, high flow blue holes in the Bahamas, cold wreck diving in the Great Lakes, archeological discoveries in Mexico's Yucatan, and swimming with hundreds of Hammerhead sharks in Coco's Island, the Armadillo side mount harness has been tested thoroughly. (golemgear.com)
  • Armadillo/beta-catenin is also a component of cell-cell adherens junctions in epithelia. (nih.gov)
  • Drosophila Armadillo and its vertebrate homolog beta-catenin have dual roles in epithelial cells: transducing signals from the Wingless/Wnt family of proteins and working with cadherins to mediate cell adhesion. (nih.gov)
  • dTCF binds a canonical TCF DNA motif and interacts with the beta-catenin homolog Armadillo. (nih.gov)
  • Embryonic axis induction by the armadillo repeat domain of beta-catenin: evidence for intracellular signaling. (rupress.org)
  • Furthermore, an analysis of beta-catenin deletion constructs demonstrates that the internal armadillo repeat region is both necessary and sufficient to induce axis duplication. (rupress.org)
  • Since alpha-catenin is required for cadherin-mediated adhesion, the armadillo repeat region alone probably cannot promote cell adhesion, making it unlikely that beta-catenin induces axis duplication by increasing cell adhesion. (rupress.org)
  • Subcellular fractionation demonstrated that all of the beta-catenin constructs that contain the armadillo repeat domain were present in both the soluble cytosolic and the membrane fraction. (rupress.org)
  • Chaetophractus villosus (Desmarest, 1804), commonly known as the larger hairy armadillo, is the largest species of the genus. (scielo.br)
  • As such the disease only persists in humans and, slightly oddly, armadillos. (inhabitat.com)
  • But unlike humans, they are more susceptible to catching the bug: In some parts of the South, more than 20% of armadillos have the infection. (latimes.com)
  • That includes a 2011 article in the New England Journal of Medicine showing that armadillos almost certainly infect people with leprosy, based on the genetic similarity of bacteria taken from armadillos and humans in the southern United States. (npr.org)
  • While the germ attacks the skin, hands and feet of humans, it tends to infect the liver, spleen and lymph node of armadillos. (lubbockonline.com)
  • Armadillos can be infected by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae , the causative agent of leprosy, and can pass this disease on to humans through touch or if eaten. (ohranger.com)
  • Armadillos are one of the few known organisms, beside humans, that can harbor and transmit Mycobacterium leprae, the bacteria behind Hansen's disease. (uchicago.edu)
  • Left) dendrogram of P. brasiliensis isolated from humans (Bt60, Bt84, Bt85, and Pb265) and armadillos (T-named), including T1F1, T3B6, and T4B14 studied before ( 26 ), distributed according to a matrix of genetic similarity generated from the analysis of RAPD profiles with 24 primers. (asm.org)
  • To determine if there is a significant association between contact with armadillos and presence of leprosy in humans, the armadillo contact of persons with indigenous leprosy in Louisiana was compared to the contact of matched controls. (ajtmh.org)
  • The long-nosed armadillos of the Dasypus genus are the richest and more widespread extant xenarthra. (scielo.org.ar)
  • In addition to bugs, armadillos eat small vertebrates, plants, and some fruit, as well as the occasional carrion meal. (ohranger.com)
  • Vertebrates have two Armadillo/ β -catenin homologs, β -catenin and plakoglobin (also called gamma-catenin). (stanford.edu)
  • Armadillos, believed to be the only animals that carry leprosy, were first recognized as carriers and transmitters of the disease in 2011. (wnd.com)
  • Is it true that armadillos carry leprosy? (straightdope.com)
  • I have heard that armadillos carry leprosy. (straightdope.com)
  • I have, however, established that the answer to your question is yes - armadillos do carry leprosy. (straightdope.com)
  • Armadillos are one of the only known animals to carry leprosy. (pethealthnetwork.com)
  • The sequence is homologous to mammalian plakoglobin, a protein of desmosomal and zonula adherens cell junctions, and to the plakoglobin homolog in Drosophila melanogaster, the product of the segment polarity gene armadillo. (sciencemag.org)
  • Thermo Scientific Armadillo PCR plates combine the rigidity of a polycarbonate frame with thin-walled polypropylene wells to provide superior thermal cycling performance under all conditions without warping. (fishersci.ca)
  • The Thermo Scientific Armadillo PCR plates, Barcoded, are the ultimate in high performance PCR plastics. (thermofisher.com)
  • Close contact with infected armadillos may lead to Hansen's disease, but the risk is low, according to the Center for Disease Control . (wlrn.org)
  • Extended close contact with infected armadillos may also pose exposure risk to M. leprae. (fourwinds10.com)
  • As their name suggests, armadillos in this genus have more hair than other armadillos: white and light brown hair protrudes from between scutes and covers the limbs and belly. (si.edu)
  • Sites and pages in this category for kids and teens provide information on the species of Three-banded Armadillos (Genus Tolypeutes). (botw.org)
  • It only happens in the genus Dasypus , and not in all armadillos. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the goal of this protein-engineering project to develop a stable full-consensus armadillo-repeat scaffold. (iucr.org)
  • A protein-protein interaction motif (42 aa), originally described in the Drosophila β-catenin family protein armadillo. (oup.com)
  • Armadillo-repeat-containing protein 8 (Armc8) belongs to the family of armadillo-repeat containing proteins, which have been found to be involved in diverse cellular functions including cell-cell contacts and intracellular signaling. (portlandpress.com)
  • By comparative analyses of armadillo repeat protein structures and genomes from various premetazoan and metazoan species, we identified orthologs of human Armc8 and analyzed in detail the evolutionary relationship of Armc8 genes and their encoded proteins. (portlandpress.com)
  • Armc8 is a highly ancestral armadillo protein although not present in yeast. (portlandpress.com)
  • Our recent comprehensive bioinformatics study of the armadillo repeat protein family revealed that for instance the human genome encodes at least 70 armadillo proteins [ 2 ]. (portlandpress.com)
  • Among the latter is metazoan armadillo-repeat-containing protein 8 (Armc8). (portlandpress.com)
  • Found just east of the Andes Mountains in the Monte Desert, screaming hairy armadillos inhabit parts of Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. (si.edu)
  • The pichi dwarf armadillo inhabits grasslands and arid regions of Chile, Southern Argentina, and Patagonia. (skullsunlimited.com)
  • 4 Grupo de Investigación en Ecología Molecular, Instituto de Ecología y Desarrollo Sustentable (INEDES-CONICET-UNLu), Ruta Nacional 5 y Av. Constitución s/n, (6700) Luján, Buenos Aires, Argentina. (scielo.org.ar)
  • En 1995, Vizcaíno aceptó la sinonimia con D. novemcinctus , pero reconoció la existencia de una especie endémica del noroeste de Argentina que dedicó a Yepes ( D. yepesi ). (scielo.org.ar)
  • A large shell that once belonged to a giant prehistoric kind of armadillo was recently found along a riverbed in Argentina but locals who stumbled upon it at their farm in Carlos Spegazzini, south of Buenos Aires, Argentina, originally mistook it for a dinosaur egg. (natureworldnews.com)
  • Nine extinct genera and 21 extant species of armadillo have been described, some of which are distinguished by the number of bands on their armour. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2009) and such disruptions have had severe effects on many of the giant armadillo populations, with some becoming locally extinct and others nearing extinction in what is left of the Atlantic For-est (Anacleto et al. (scielo.org.ar)
  • An armadillo has the ability to climb and burrow. (garden.org)
  • Armadillos will make several burrow entrances within their hunting area. (coralsprings.org)
  • When chased by a predator into a burrow, the armadillo can wedge itself into the tunnel with its back to the outside. (whozoo.org)
  • Using a Havahart, a type of commercial trap, is the best option, with fencing leading the armadillo into the trap from its burrow. (jacksonville.com)
  • Armadillos love to dig and burrow with their sharp, little claws. (whats-your-sign.com)
  • When threatened by a predator, Tolypeutes species frequently roll up into a ball (these being the only species of Armadillo capable of such). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are about 10 living genera and about 20 species of armadillo. (wikipedia.org)
  • An analysis found that samples from the patients and armadillos were genetically similar to each other and were different from leprosy strains found elsewhere in the world. (lubbockonline.com)
  • Mutations in the gene encoding the Drosophila tyrosine kinase Abelson substantially enhanced the severity of the CNS phenotype of armadillo mutations, consistent with these proteins functioning co-operatively at adherens junctions in both the CNS and the epidermis. (nih.gov)
  • In natural armadillo-repeat proteins such as importin- α and β -catenin, each repeat comprises three α -helices that are assembled in a triangular spiral staircase arrangement. (iucr.org)
  • The armadillo repeat-containing proteins can be divided into subfamilies based on the number of repeats, their overall sequence similarity, and the dispersion of the repeats throughout their sequences. (oup.com)
  • Armadillo repeat proteins include catenins and plakophilins. (oup.com)
  • In contrast with the armadillo catenins, the importin-α proteins and the armadillo formins, the functions of other armadillo proteins (40 out of 70, [ 2 ]) have not received significant attention. (portlandpress.com)
  • The Pichi ( Zaedyus pichiy ), also known as the Dwarf Armadillo, has a head and body length of 260 to 335 mm (10.2 to 13.2 in) and a tail length of 100 to 140 mm (3.9 to 5.5 in). (eol.org)
  • You can only add 1 Replica Pichi Dwarf Armadillo Skull. (skullsunlimited.com)
  • And with support from the Institute for the Conservation of Wild Animals, where Attias works, the state of Mato Grosso do Sul plans to track giant armadillos as an indicator species, whose presence will help measure the success of habitat conservation efforts. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • APC binds directly to the main effector of the pathway, β-catenin (βcat, Drosophila Armadillo), and helps to target it for degradation. (genetics.org)
  • Eight of twenty armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus L. ) developed severe lepromatous leprosy 3 to 3.5 years after inoculation with viable Mycobacterium leprae. (sciencemag.org)
  • Chlamyphorinae subfamily was found to show phylogenetic affinities with the clade Tolypeutinae , which became a significant step to define the previously completely unknown phylogenetic position of this armadillo subfamily within Cingulata . (wikipedia.org)
  • This technique, which looks for places in the DNA where the order of chemical letters carries small repeats, also revealed great similarity between the armadillos and the patients. (latimes.com)
  • Here we investigated the functional role of these molecular interactions by making targeted mutations in Drosophila melanogaster APC2 that disrupt phosphorylation and extended region interactions and deletion mutants missing the Armadillo binding repeats. (genetics.org)
  • The biochemical role of Armadillo may be to serve as a scaffold upon which different multiprotein complexes are assembled. (nih.gov)
  • Later in development, disruption of the cell-cell adhesion function of Armadillo resulted in subtle defects in the construction of the axonal scaffold. (nih.gov)
  • The armadillo repeat serves as a scaffold for the development of modular peptide-recognition modules. (iucr.org)
  • The word armadillo means "little armoured one" in Spanish. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armadillo function in Wingless signal transduction was required early in development for determination of neuroblast fate. (nih.gov)
  • In loose soil areas with a high insect population,the nocturnal armadillo will wreck several hundred square feet of landscape overnight. (coralsprings.org)
  • Armadillos are mostly nocturnal and use their specialized hearing and smell to make their way around after dark. (whozoo.org)
  • Since armadillos tend to be nocturnal, this guy likes to sleep and take it easy during the day. (whozoo.org)
  • While they may look wicked, armadillos are not aggressive creatures. (coralsprings.org)
  • Armadillos are interesting creatures, and either you think they're adorable or you think they have a face that only a mother could love. (fbresearch.org)
  • Armadillos are defined as "mosaic" creatures because they have features resembling those of a number of different life forms. (darwinism-watch.com)
  • True to their name, screaming hairy armadillos are a hirsute armadillo species that emit a loud squeal when threatened. (si.edu)
  • Screaming hairy armadillos are the smallest of the three species of hairy armadillo, averaging less than 1.9 pounds (0.86 kilograms) and growing to between 8.7 and 15.7 inches (22 to 40 centimeters), with another 3.5 to 6.9 inches (9 to 17.5 centimeters) in tail length. (si.edu)
  • This species has also been observed digging in an unusual fashion-instead of using their legs and claws to expose grubs and insects, screaming hairy armadillos will force their heads into the ground, then turn in a circle to create a cone-shaped hole. (si.edu)
  • Armadillos are insect eaters, the only problem is that they dig holes everywhere and can tear up a lawn looking for grubs. (backyardchickens.com)
  • Some people put insecticides in their yard to get rid of the worms and grubs that armadillos go after, he said. (jacksonville.com)
  • I knew the armadillo was a great detective (detecting grubs, worms, and nice curves in the ground, perfect for making natural dens). (whats-your-sign.com)
  • The armadillo will also inhabit areas having cracks, crevices and rocks that are suitable for burrows. (ohranger.com)
  • We show that Armadillo (Arm), the Drosophila homologue of β-catenin, depends on these amino acid residues for mediating Wnt/Wg signalling in vivo, but not for establishing functional adherens junctions. (biologists.org)
  • Then in the late 1960s researchers speculated that armadillos might be a good test bed for leprosy research because (a) M. leprae thrives in cooler parts of the body (feet, nose, ears, etc. (straightdope.com)
  • Armadillos are now a reservoir for the disease, and in coastal marsh habitats where population densities of the animal can be high, 20 percent or more of the armadillos are thought to be infected with M. leprae and capable of passing it on to susceptible people. (dustbury.com)
  • A retrospective serological survey of 182 armadillos taken in the years 1960-1964 and predating the use of armadillos in leprosy research was used to evaluate the 1968 environmental contamination hypothesis for the origin of M. leprae infections in the wild armadillo. (ajtmh.org)
  • Apparently, M. leprae was enzootic in armadillos as early as 1961, and original infection of these animals could not have occurred in 1968. (ajtmh.org)
  • Armadillo coactivates transcription driven by the product of the Drosophila segment polarity gene dTCF. (nih.gov)
  • Our aim was to distinguish between human and armadillo isolates based on the polymorphism of two loci: the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) and ITS2 of the ribosomal DNA complex and the PbGP43 gene ( 8 ), both already used in the identification of P. brasiliensis by PCR ( 4 , 10 , 12 , 27 , 28 ). (asm.org)
  • Subsequently, it was found to be the vertebrate homologue of the Drosophila segment polarity gene product Armadillo (McCrea, P. D., C. W. Turck, and B. Gumbiner. (rupress.org)
  • Between Texas and Louisiana and the southern United States, many millions of people have direct or indirect exposure to armadillos every day," Truman says. (npr.org)
  • Three-quarters had never had foreign exposure, but lived in Southern states where they could have been exposed to armadillos. (lubbockonline.com)
  • Of the 200 cases of leprosy diagnosed annually in the United States, most are thought to stem from contact with armadillos, although the precise route of transmission remains unclear. (dustbury.com)
  • The scientists concluded that the data strongly implicated armadillos as a source of human infection. (latimes.com)
  • It is believed that armadillos contracted the infection from a human source. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The high disease prevalence in some localities would indicate armadillos can transmit the infection to one another, either by inhalation or direct contact. (ucdavis.edu)
  • A study was made of the prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in armadillos at a site near New Orleans, Louisiana, where the flagellate was known to occur. (eurekamag.com)
  • Three-banded armadillo skeleton on display at the Museum of Osteology . (wikipedia.org)
  • Armadillos like loose loam soils, which generally contain an abundance of insects and other invertebrates. (coralsprings.org)
  • The Leprosy Research Support and Maintenance of an Armadillo Colony - Post Genome Era interagency agreement provides standardized research reagents to investigators worldwide to assist in the development of skin test antigens used to detect leprosy. (nih.gov)
  • Modern armadillos don't have the same level of protection as their ancestors, though their plates serve a similar function. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The glyptodon and panocthus, early ancestors of the modern armadillo, were heavily armoured and about the size of a small car. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Glyptodons are the ancestors of modern armadillos that are characterized by a large, round armored dome on its back, squat legs, and a short head and neck. (natureworldnews.com)
  • To find out, I called up Dr. Richard Truman , acting chief of the laboratory research branch of the National Hansen's Disease Program in Baton Rouge, La. He's authored 31 articles on armadillos and leprosy, using them as an animal model to study the disease. (npr.org)
  • The risk of getting leprosy from an armadillo is low because most people who get exposed don't get sick with the ancient scourge, known medically as Hansen's disease and curable if promptly treated. (lubbockonline.com)
  • [3] Later, the separation of fairy armadillos subfamily from their tolypeutine sister-group was estimated to have occurred 32 ± 3 Mya. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fairy armadillos are currently classified within the subfamily Euphractinae according to the reference taxonomy by A.L. Gardner (2005). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there is an opinion that the antiquity and uniqueness of pink fairy armadillos would be best accounted for by retaining the subfamily Chlamyphorinae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because armadillos can't accumulate much body fat, they spend much of their time foraging. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Immunofluorescence staining confirmed the plasma membrane and cytoplasmic localization of the constructs containing the armadillo repeat region, but revealed that they also accumulate in the nucleus, especially the construct containing only the armadillo repeat domain. (rupress.org)
  • Well, it turns out the development of new housing estates is displacing Florida's armadillo populations. (inhabitat.com)
  • Despite the widespread distribution of the giant armadillo Priodontes maximus , this species is found at low densities, often in disrupted populations. (scielo.org.ar)
  • In addition to the relevant records, we discuss the negative effects of roadkills, which is a serious issue for the conservation and maintenance of local populations of giant armadillo. (scielo.org.ar)
  • When the armadillo burrows its way into your awareness as a totem or a messenger, it might be a good time to get some rest. (whats-your-sign.com)
  • The distance between the armadillos' burrows has been mapped by using the global positioning system ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • Below is a recent simplified phylogeny of the xenarthran families, which includes armadillos, based on Slater et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Armadillo Resources Ltd is engaged in the acquisition and exploration of mineral properties throughout North America. (equities.com)