Armadillo Domain Proteins
A family of proteins that contain several 42-amino acid repeat domains and are homologous to the Drosophila armadillo protein. They bind to other proteins through their armadillo domains and play a variety of roles in the CELL including SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, regulation of DESMOSOME assembly, and CELL ADHESION.
An order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines from among their teeth, and comprising the ARMADILLOS, the SLOTHS, and the anteaters. The order is distinguished from all others by what are known as xenarthrous vertebrae (xenos, strange; arthron, joint): there are secondary, and sometimes even more, articulations between the vertebrae of the lumbar series. The order was formerly called Edentata. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, vol. I, p515)
LIM Domain Proteins
A large class of structurally-related proteins that contain one or more LIM zinc finger domains. Many of the proteins in this class are involved in intracellular signaling processes and mediate their effects via LIM domain protein-protein interactions. The name LIM is derived from the first three proteins in which the motif was found: LIN-11, Isl1 and Mec-3.
Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Protein Structure, Tertiary
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
Fas-Associated Death Domain Protein
A signal-transducing adaptor protein that associates with TNF RECEPTOR complexes. It contains a death effector domain that can interact with death effector domains found on INITIATOR CASPASES such as CASPASE 8 and CASPASE 10. Activation of CASPASES via interaction with this protein plays a role in the signaling cascade that leads to APOPTOSIS.
Recombinant Fusion Proteins
Amino Acid Sequence
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Two-Hybrid System Techniques
Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.
MADS Domain Proteins
A superfamily of proteins that share a highly conserved MADS domain sequence motif. The term MADS refers to the first four members which were MCM1 PROTEIN; AGAMOUS 1 PROTEIN; DEFICIENS PROTEIN; and SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR. Many MADS domain proteins have been found in species from all eukaryotic kingdoms. They play an important role in development, especially in plants where they have an important role in flower development.
A multi-functional catenin that participates in CELL ADHESION and nuclear signaling. Beta catenin binds CADHERINS and helps link their cytoplasmic tails to the ACTIN in the CYTOSKELETON via ALPHA CATENIN. It also serves as a transcriptional co-activator and downstream component of WNT PROTEIN-mediated SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS.
src Homology Domains
Regions of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE similarity in the SRC-FAMILY TYROSINE KINASES that fold into specific functional tertiary structures. The SH1 domain is a CATALYTIC DOMAIN. SH2 and SH3 domains are protein interaction domains. SH2 usually binds PHOSPHOTYROSINE-containing proteins and SH3 interacts with CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS.
Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs
Amino Acid Motifs
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
A broad category of carrier proteins that play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They generally contain several modular domains, each of which having its own binding activity, and act by forming complexes with other intracellular-signaling molecules. Signal-transducing adaptor proteins lack enzyme activity, however their activity can be modulated by other signal-transducing enzymes
Protein interaction domains of about 70-90 amino acid residues, named after a common structure found in PSD-95, Discs Large, and Zona Occludens 1 proteins. PDZ domains are involved in the recruitment and interaction of proteins, and aid the formation of protein scaffolds and signaling networks. This is achieved by sequence-specific binding between a PDZ domain in one protein and a PDZ motif in another protein.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Calcium-dependent cell adhesion proteins. They are important in the formation of ADHERENS JUNCTIONS between cells. Cadherins are classified by their distinct immunological and tissue specificities, either by letters (E- for epithelial, N- for neural, and P- for placental cadherins) or by numbers (cadherin-12 or N-cadherin 2 for brain-cadherin). Cadherins promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism as in the construction of tissues and of the whole animal body.
Protein Structure, Secondary
Abnormal involuntary movements which primarily affect the extremities, trunk, or jaw that occur as a manifestation of an underlying disease process. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent episodes of dyskinesia as a primary manifestation of disease may be referred to as dyskinesia syndromes (see MOVEMENT DISORDERS). Dyskinesias are also a relatively common manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.
Membrane-tethered Drosophila Armadillo cannot transduce Wingless signal on its own. (1/286)Drosophila Armadillo and its vertebrate homolog beta-catenin are key effectors of Wingless/Wnt signaling. In the current model, Wingless/Wnt signal stabilizes Armadillo/beta-catenin, which then accumulates in nuclei and binds TCF/LEF family proteins, forming bipartite transcription factors which activate transcription of Wingless/Wnt responsive genes. This model was recently challenged. Overexpression in Xenopus of membrane-tethered beta-catenin or its paralog plakoglobin activates Wnt signaling, suggesting that nuclear localization of Armadillo/beta-catenin is not essential for signaling. Tethered plakoglobin or beta-catenin might signal on their own or might act indirectly by elevating levels of endogenous beta-catenin. We tested these hypotheses in Drosophila by removing endogenous Armadillo. We generated a series of mutant Armadillo proteins with altered intracellular localizations, and expressed these in wild-type and armadillo mutant backgrounds. We found that membrane-tethered Armadillo cannot signal on its own; however it can function in adherens junctions. We also created mutant forms of Armadillo carrying heterologous nuclear localization or nuclear export signals. Although these signals alter the subcellular localization of Arm when overexpressed in Xenopus, in Drosophila they have little effect on localization and only subtle effects on signaling. This supports a model in which Armadillo's nuclear localization is key for signaling, but in which Armadillo intracellular localization is controlled by the availability and affinity of its binding partners. (+info)
Negative regulation of Wingless signaling by D-axin, a Drosophila homolog of axin. (2/286)Wnt/Wingless directs many cell fates during development. Wnt/Wingless signaling increases the amount of beta-catenin/Armadillo, which in turn activates gene transcription. Here the Drosophila protein D-Axin was shown to interact with Armadillo and D-APC. Mutation of d-axin resulted in the accumulation of cytoplasmic Armadillo and one of the Wingless target gene products, Distal-less. Ectopic expression of d-axin inhibited Wingless signaling. Hence, D-Axin negatively regulates Wingless signaling by down-regulating the level of Armadillo. These results establish the importance of the Axin family of proteins in Wnt/Wingless signaling in Drosophila. (+info)
The ciD mutation encodes a chimeric protein whose activity is regulated by Wingless signaling. (3/286)The Drosophila cubitus interruptus (ci) gene encodes a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that regulates transcription of Hedgehog (Hh) target genes. Activity of the Ci protein is posttranslationally regulated by Hh signaling. In animals homozygous for the ciD mutation, however, transcription of Hh target genes is regulated by Wingless (Wg) signaling rather than by Hh signaling. We show that ciD encodes a chimeric protein composed of the regulatory domain of dTCF/Pangolin (Pan) and the DNA binding domain of Ci. Pan is a Wg-regulated transcription factor that is activated by binding of Armadillo (Arm) to its regulatory domain. Arm is thought to activate Pan by contributing a transactivation domain. We find that a constitutively active form of Arm potentiates activity of a CiD transgene and coimmunoprecipitates with CiD protein. The Wg-responsive activity of CiD could be explained by recruitment of the Arm transactivation function to the promoters of Hh-target genes. We suggest that wild-type Ci also recruits a protein with a transactivation domain as part of its normal mechanism of activation. (+info)
The C-terminal domain of armadillo binds to hypophosphorylated teashirt to modulate wingless signalling in Drosophila. (4/286)Wnt signalling is a key pathway for tissue patterning during animal development. In Drosophila, the Wnt protein Wingless acts to stabilize Armadillo inside cells where it binds to at least two DNA-binding factors which regulate specific target genes. One Armadillo-binding protein in Drosophila is the zinc finger protein Teashirt. Here we show that Wingless signalling promotes the phosphorylation and the nuclear accumulation of Teashirt. This process requires the binding of Teashirt to the C-terminal end of Armadillo. Finally, we present evidence that the serine/threonine kinase Shaggy is associated with Teashirt in a complex. We discuss these results with respect to current models of Armadillo/beta-catenin action for the transmission of the Wingless/Wnt pathway. (+info)
Functional characterization of multiple transactivating elements in beta-catenin, some of which interact with the TATA-binding protein in vitro. (5/286)beta-Catenin, a member of the family of Armadillo repeat proteins, plays a dual role in cadherin-mediated cell adhesion and in signaling by Wnt growth factors. Upon Wnt stimulation beta-catenin undergoes nuclear translocation and serves as transcriptional coactivator of T cell factor DNA-binding proteins. Previously the transactivation potential of different portions of beta-catenin has been demonstrated, but the precise location of transactivating elements has not been established. Also, the mechanism of transactivation by beta-catenin and the molecular basis for functional differences between beta-catenin and the closely related proteins Armadillo and Plakoglobin are poorly understood. Here we have used a yeast system for the detailed characterization of the transactivation properties of beta-catenin. We show that its transactivation domains possess a modular structure, consist of multiple subelements that cover broad regions at its N and C termini, and extend considerably into the Armadillo repeat region. Compared with beta-catenin the N termini of Plakoglobin and Armadillo have different transactivation capacities that may explain their distinct signaling properties. Furthermore, transactivating elements of beta-catenin interact specifically and directly with the TATA-binding protein in vitro providing further evidence that a major function of beta-catenin during Wnt signaling is to recruit the basal transcription machinery to promoter regions of Wnt target genes. (+info)
A Drosophila Axin homolog, Daxin, inhibits Wnt signaling. (6/286)The vertebrate Axin protein, the product of the mouse fused gene, binds to beta-catenin to inhibit Wnt signaling. We have identified a homolog of Axin in Drosophila, Daxin. Using double-stranded RNA interference, we generated loss-of-function phenotypes that are similar to overexpression of the Drosophila Wnt gene wingless (wg). Overexpression of Daxin produces phenotypes similar to loss of wg. In addition, we show that Daxin overexpression can modify phenotypes elicited by wg and another Drosophila Wnt gene, DWnt-2. Using immunoprecipitation of endogenous Daxin protein from embryos we show that Daxin interacts with Armadillo and Zeste-white 3. The loss-of-function and overexpression phenotypes show that Daxin, like its mammalian counterpart, acts as a negative regulator of wg/Wnt signaling. (+info)
Frizzled and Dfrizzled-2 function as redundant receptors for Wingless during Drosophila embryonic development. (7/286)In cell culture assays, Frizzled and Dfrizzled2, two members of the Frizzled family of integral membrane proteins, are able to bind Wingless and transduce the Wingless signal. To address the role of these proteins in the intact organism and to explore the question of specificity of ligand-receptor interactions in vivo, we have conducted a genetic analysis of frizzled and Dfrizzled2 in the embryo. These experiments utilize a small gamma-ray-induced deficiency that uncovers Dfrizzled2. Mutants lacking maternal frizzled and zygotic frizzled and Dfrizzled2 exhibit defects in the embryonic epidermis, CNS, heart and midgut that are indistinguishable from those observed in wingless mutants. Epidermal patterning defects in the frizzled, Dfrizzled2 double-mutant embryos can be rescued by ectopic expression of either gene. In frizzled, Dfrizzled2 mutant embryos, ectopic production of Wingless does not detectably alter the epidermal patterning defect, but ectopic production of an activated form of Armadillo produces a naked cuticle phenotype indistinguishable from that produced by ectopic production of activated Armadillo in wild-type embryos. These experiments indicate that frizzled and Dfrizzled2 function downstream of wingless and upstream of armadillo, consistent with their proposed roles as Wingless receptors. The lack of an effect on epidermal patterning of ectopic Wingless in a frizzled, Dfrizzled2 double mutant argues against the existence of additional Wingless receptors in the embryo or a model in which Frizzled and Dfrizzled2 act simply to present the ligand to its bona fide receptor. These data lead to the conclusion that Frizzled and Dfrizzled2 function as redundant Wingless receptors in multiple embryonic tissues and that this role is accurately reflected in tissue culture experiments. The redundancy of Frizzled and Dfrizzled2 explains why Wingless receptors were not identified in earlier genetic screens for mutants defective in embryonic patterning. (+info)
Roles of the C terminus of Armadillo in Wingless signaling in Drosophila. (8/286)Drosophila melanogaster Armadillo and its vertebrate homolog beta-catenin play multiple roles during development. Both are components of cell-cell adherens junctions and both transduce Wingless (Wg)/Wnt intercellular signals. The current model for Wingless signaling proposes that Armadillo binds the DNA-binding protein dTCF, forming a bipartite transcription factor that activates Wingless-responsive genes. In this model, Armadillo's C-terminal domain is proposed to serve an essential role as a transcriptional activation domain. In Xenopus, however, overexpression of C-terminally truncated beta-catenin activates Wnt signaling, suggesting that the C-terminal domain might not be essential. We reexamined the function of Armadillo's C terminus in Wingless signaling. We found that C-terminally truncated mutant Armadillo has a deficit in Wg-signaling activity, even when corrected for reduced protein levels. However, we also found that Armadillo proteins lacking all or part of the C terminus retain some signaling ability if overexpressed, and that mutants lacking different portions of the C-terminal domain differ in their level of signaling ability. Finally, we found that the C terminus plays a role in Armadillo protein stability in response to Wingless signal and that the C-terminal domain can physically interact with the Arm repeat region. These data suggest that the C-terminal domain plays a complex role in Wingless signaling and that Armadillo recruits the transcriptional machinery via multiple contact sites, which act in an additive fashion. (+info)
Interactive Fly, Drosophila
Costa, M., et al. (1998). A putative catenin-cadherin system mediates morphogenesis of the Caenorhabditis elegans embryo. J. Cell Biol. 141(1): 297-308 Coste, A. L., et al. (1998). Somatic mutations of the beta-catenin gene are frequent in mouse and human hepatocellular carcinomas. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 95(15): 8847-8851 Cox, R. T., Kirkpatrick, C. and Peifer, M. (1996), Armadillo is required for adherens junction assembly, cell polarity and morphogenesis during Drosophila embryogenesis. J. Cell Biol. 134: 133-148 Cox, R. T., et al. (1999). Membrane-tethered Drosophila Armadillo cannot transduce Wingless signal on its own. Development 126: 1327-1335 Cox, R. T., et al. (2000). A screen for mutations that suppress the phenotype of Drosophila armadillo, the ß-catenin homolog. Genetics 155: 1725-1740 Daniels, D. L. and Weis, W. I. (2002). ICAT inhibits ß-Catenin binding to Tcf/Lef-family transcription factors and the general coactivator p300 using independent structural modules. Molec. Cell 10: ...
Expression of three mouse homologs of the Drosophila segment polarity gene cubitus interruptus, Gli, Gli-2, and Gli-3, in...
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RCSB PDB - 1M1E: Beta-catenin armadillo repeat domain bound to ICAT Structure Summary Page
1M1E: ICAT inhibits Beta-catenin binding to Tcf/Lef-family transcription factors and the general coactivator p300 using independent structural modules.
A Multi-Scale Approach Investigating the Physiological Relevance of AP by Olivia Molinar
The multifunctional Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) proteins negatively regulate Wnt signaling, stabilize microtubules, and indirectly regulate actin through effectors such as Asef and IQGAP. We have shown that both vertebrate APC (vAPC) and Drosophila APC1 through their basic domains can bundle and nucleate actin filaments, and collaborate with the formin Diaphanous (Dia) to efficiently nucleate actin assembly in vitro. In addition, Drosophila APC2 (lacking a basic domain) and Dia bind directly to each other, and are required for actin furrow extension in the embryo. In contrast, APC1 does not function in actin furrow extension. While these data suggest that APC-Dia collaborations are an evolutionarily conserved mode of actin filament assembly, significant gaps exist in our understanding of their mechanism and physiological relevance. We investigated the mechanism underlying the vAPC/APC1-Dia collaboration in detail, but how APC2 affects Dia without a basic domain is not known. Here we demonstrate
Intracellular shuttling of a Drosophila APC tumour suppressor homolog | BMC Cell Biology | Full Text
Data sets were analysed with the Bio-Rad LaserPix software. For each time point, the total pixel intensity distribution was compared to the pre-bleach image to select the corresponding region. The two images were then compared by eye to confirm that they did correspond to the same focal plane. The coordinates for the bleach ROIs were used to accurately locate the bleach spots on the pre bleach image, and the mean fluorescence intensity for each ROI was calculated. Several equivalent sized ROIs were also placed on unbleached cells to measure any change in fluorescence due to photobleaching or movement.. To track movement of the cells, an acetate sheet was placed over the computer monitor and each ROI was marked on it as well as the shapes of the cells surrounding it. By aligning the sheet with the appropriate cell shapes, the ROI could be appropriately positioned for each time point. This process was used to position each ROI on the appropriate image for each time point.. Once all ROIs had been ...
human SVH protein Summary Report | CureHunter
human SVH protein: A specific splicing variant of SVH, a novel human armadillo repeat protein, is up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinomas; amino acid sequence in first source
ARMCX1 Antibody (monoclonal) (M01) - Mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant ARMCX1. WB, E - Buy Now! ...
ARMCX1 Antibody (monoclonal) (M01), Mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant ARMCX1. validated in WB, E (AT1197a), Abcepta
ARMCX1 Gene - GeneCards | ARMX1 Protein | ARMX1 Antibody
Complete information for ARMCX1 gene (Protein Coding), Armadillo Repeat Containing, X-Linked 1, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Customize view fields using application configuration in Webdynpro ABAP | SAP Blogs
Purpose:. Demonstrate the scenario of customizing the properties of view ui elements / hiding view fields using application configuration in SAP Webdynpro ABAP. Scenario:. Here I consider the scenario to hide the view ui elements: SECTIONTITLE_LBL & SECONDTITLE_DDLB in WD component HRRCF_C_PERSONL_DATA_UI using application configuration. Pre-requisite: Basic knowledge of Webdynpro ABAP. The current output of view is as below. ...
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ARMC8 ENST00000491704 Gene - Somatic Mutations in Cancer
ARMC8_ENST00000491704 Gene, Drug Resistance, Tissue Distribution, Mutation Distribution, Variants, ARMC8_ENST00000491704 Genome Browser, ARMC8_ENST00000491704 References
ARMCX2 (Human) Recombinant Protein (Q01) - (H00009823-Q01) - Products - Abnova
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Human ARMCX5 vectors (from $99), available in lentivirus, AAV, adenovirus, shRNA, CRISPR & many other formats from VectorBuilder.
ARMC7 polyclonal antibody - (PAB21666) - Products - Abnova
Rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against recombinant ARMC7. Recombinant protein corresponding to amino acids of human ARMC7. (PAB21666) - Products - Abnova
Opening of SAP ABAP/4 Consultant [email protected] Looking for SAP ABAP/4 Consultants Qualified B.Tech (IT) / M.Tech (IT) / BCA / MCAAge: Around 28 - 32 years , With Experience 4 10 years of relevant experience The Job Profile: Highly technical and demanding job which requires thorough understanding and exposure to latest software development methodologies, OO concepts, component based development, web based technologies and SOA architecture . Requires sound analysis, design, programming and testing skills .Good understanding of SAP technical environment (Netweaver, XI, BASIS,Portal etc.) to develop various modules as per SAP recommended methodology . Sound ABAP design and programming skills . Understanding of business processes, preparing functional and technical specifications for developing various transactions and reports .Interface development with the existing applications running in IBM iSeries (AS/400, MS .Net Environments) .Must have sound ABAP/4, OO programming, BDC programming, ...
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anti-ARMCX1 antibody, C-term | GeneTex
ARMCX1 antibody, C-term (armadillo repeat containing, X-linked 1) for WB. Anti-ARMCX1 pAb (GTX46334) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
Study shows vital role ARMC5 protein plays in development and immunity | EurekAlert! Science News
Genetic mutations of the Armc5 gene disrupt fetal development and compromise the immune response. Such are the findings of a study conducted by a team of Quebec researchers including Professor Alain Lamarre of Centre INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier. The results of this study, which was recently published in Nature Communications, shed light on the vital role this protein plays in fetal development and in T-cell and adrenal gland biology.
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Full data view for gene ARMCX5-GPRASP2 - Whole genome datasets
DB-ID: Database ID of variant, grouping multiple observations of the same variant together, starting with the HGNC gene symbol, followed by an underscore (_) and a six digit number (e.g. DMD_012345). _000000 is used for variants where DNA was not analysed (change predicted from RNA analysis), variants seen in animal models or variants not seen in humans but functionally tested in vitro ...
Clinical Trials Register
3.Antecedentes de asma diagnostic. por un médico que exige tto con CI en dosis medias o altas (dosis diaria total equivalente a ,250 ?g de formulación de fluticasona en polvo seco, según la definición en GINA 2014; véase el capítulo 5 del apéndice) y una segunda medic. de control (p. ej., ABAP o antagonista de receptores de leucotrienos). El CI en dosis media o alta y el ABAP pueden darse en un inhalador combinado o en dos separados. Las pacientes deberán haber tomado CI (,250 ?g de fluticasona o su equivalente diarios) más la segunda medic. de control durante al menos 12 meses antes de la fecha de obtención del consent. inf., con o sin otro fármaco de control como corticosteroides orales (CO), teofilina, tiotropio o antagonistas de los receptores de leucotrienos ...
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Role of SARM1 Enzyme, Key Player in Neurodegeneration, Detailed in Studies
Studies by Disarm Therapeutics researchers and colleagues detail SARM1, an enzyme key to nerve cell degeneration, that support new way of treating MS.
Tucson Lifestyle July 2013 Page 5
Q Your Skinformation I play tennis all year round, and although I am diligent about using sunscreen, my skin still gets more tan in the summer. Should I take care of my skin differently in the summer months? Q A The summer sun is intense, so its often necessary to intensify your skincare efforts. Were glad that you use your sunscreen regularly; make sure it provides broad-spectrum protection, and remember to reapply it. We recommend using an antioxidant, such as vitamin C, in the daytime to give you added defense against sun damage. If you are prone to uneven pigmentation on your face, use a skin lightener regularly to prevent problems. And its always helpful to wear a hat and protective clothing to shield your skin. $85 SkinCeuticals Pigment Regulator $32 Coola Spray Sunscreen A I am getting a lot of little wrinkles around my mouth. They make me look older, plus my lipstick bleeds into them, and it just looks messy. What do you do for this? Q $95 SkinMedica Vitamin C&E Complex There are ...
Pink fairy armadillo - Wikipedia
Due to its subterranean lifestyle, the armadillo is forced to leave its burrows when heavy storms roll in due to the threat of drowning and the risk of wetting its fur. If its fur is wet the armadillo cannot properly thermoregulate and could experience hypothermia during night hours. Once above ground during a rainstorm the armadillo is subject to an array of predators, which can easily get to it since it is not able to burrow back to safety. Domestic dogs have also greatly preyed on these armadillos.. The animals face domestic dogs and cats that forage in their burrows as well as wild boars doing the same. These armadillos also do not do well in captivity. The survival rate is so low that many will die just through transport from where the armadillo was captured to the new area of captivity. Armadillos that are put into captivity typically do not last longer than a few hours or at most 8 days. In fact, not a single specimen has survived more than 4 years. In spite of the high ...
The segment polarity gene armadillo encodes a functionally modular protein that is the Drosophila homolog of human plakoglobin
The Drosophila segment polarity gene armadillo is required for pattern formation within embryonic segments and imaginal discs. We have found that armadillo is highly conserved during evolution; it is 63% identical to human plakoglobin, a protein found in adhesive junctions joining epithelial and oth …
Are armadillos dangerous to cats, dogs, or other pets?
Even if the armadillos do not bite, they are risky to your cat or dog because of the diseases they carry around. When they fear that they are threatened they may claw. When you have armadillos you may be tempted to get rid of them on your own but this is not a good idea especially since you will be putting your home or your family at risk. Because the armadillos are unique animals it is hard for someone who is not qualified to get rid of them. It is advised to call for armadillos removal expert who will help you to get rid of the armadillos and he will give you advice on what you should to prevent future infestation. You got yourself a pet, whether it is cat, dog, rabbit, parrot etc, you are excited as well as you will do anything that is essential to keep it safe and sound ...
Are armadillos dangerous to cats, dogs, or other pets?
Over the years, armadillos are being blamed for the hundreds of people acquiring the leprosy disease. This is because armadillos are prone to Mycobacterium (a leprae bacterium that causes nerve damage among many others). Aside from that, these animals are also potential carriers of rabies, tapeworm and salmonella. If you have small pets around, there is also the risk (on them) getting attacked by an armadillo (in more physical sense ...
Drosophila Apc2 Is a Cytoskeletally-Associated Protein That Regulates Wingless Signaling in the Embryonic Epidermis | JCB
Previous studies of APC in vertebrate cultured cells revealed that APC localizes to the membrane and cytoplasm (e.g., Näthke et al. 1996), where it can associate with MTs (Munemitsu et al. 1994; Smith et al. 1994; Näthke et al. 1996). Our biochemical and localization studies of dAPC2 reveal a complex relationship between dAPC2 and the actin and MT cytoskeletons, suggesting potential functions for dAPC2 in regulation of the cytoskeleton.. dAPC2 colocalizes with actin in many but not all cell types, suggesting a regulated interaction. The association between the actin cytoskeleton and dAPC2 may occur via Arm and α-catenin, although in some places where dAPC2 and actin colocalize, there is little or no detectable Arm. The colocalization of dAPC2 and actin is intriguing given the effects of Wnt/Fz signaling on planar polarity in Drosophila (for review see Shulman et al. 1998; for possible effects of Wg see Tomlinson et al. 1997). In the wing, the best studied example, Fz signaling triggers ...
Drosophila Apc2 Is a Cytoskeletally-Associated Protein That Regulates Wingless Signaling in the Embryonic Epidermis
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1m1e - Proteopedia, life in 3D
In the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, beta-catenin activates target genes through its interactions with Tcf/Lef-family transcription factors and additional transcriptional coactivators. The crystal structure of ICAT, an inhibitor of beta-catenin-mediated transcription, bound to the armadillo repeat domain of beta-catenin, has been determined. ICAT contains an N-terminal helilical domain that binds to repeats 11 and 12 of beta-catenin, and an extended C-terminal region that binds to repeats 5-10 in a manner similar to that of Tcfs and other beta-catenin ligands. Full-length ICAT dissociates complexes of beta-catenin, Lef-1, and the transcriptional coactivator p300, whereas the helical domain alone selectively blocks binding to p300. The C-terminal armadillo repeats of beta-catenin may be an attractive target for compounds designed to disrupt aberrant beta-catenin-mediated transcription associated with various cancers. ICAT inhibits beta-catenin binding to Tcf/Lef-family transcription factors ...
Stopping the spread of malaria - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com
Dr Rita Tewari, from the Institute of Genetics at The University of Nottingham said: Male gametes move using flagella, which are ancient structures that are formed in a unique way in the malaria parasite. This is the first report describing the role of the Armadillo repeat protein PF16 in the flagellar biology of male sex cells in malaria. Blocking formation of these cells is an important strategy to prevent malaria transmission and this study represents a significant breakthrough in understanding this process.. Transmission of malaria between human and mosquito depends on the sexual stages of the parasites life cycle. When a mosquito feeds on humanblood containing parasites, it activates the parasites sexual development, a process essential for transmission of malaria between people. Within the mosquito gut Plasmodium, the malaria parasite develops into male and female gametes (sex cells), which then fertilise. By blocking the formation of these sex cells researchers have found a route to ...
Proteasome-dependent degradation of α-catenin is regulated by interaction with ARMc8α | Biochemical Journal
ARMc8 (armadillo-repeat-containing protein 8) is a key component of the CTLH (C-terminal to lissencephaly type-1-like homology motif) complex in mammalian cells. This complex is well conserved in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and has been characterized as a FBPase (fructose-1, 6-bisphosphatase)-degrading complex. The yeast homologue of ARMc8, Gid (glucose-induced degradation) 5p, plays an essential role in the ubiquitin- and proteasome-dependent degradation of FBPase. To elucidate the function of ARMc8, we used a yeast two-hybrid system to screen a human skeletal muscle cDNA library. α-Catenin was isolated as a binding protein of ARMc8α. This association was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation assay using MDCK (Madin-Darby canine kidney) cells in which exogenous α-catenin and ARMc8α were overexpressed. The association was also confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation assay using endogenous proteins in untransfected MDCK cells. We then used immunofluorescence microscopy of MDCK cells and C2C12 cells to ...
Armadillo Hat Co Tan/Brown Mesh Cap w/Brown 1860 Cattle Co Logo | Armadillo Hat Co | NRS
Armadillo Hat Co Tan/Brown 1860 Cattle Co Logo Mesh Adjustable AHC-1860COOPER Add style to your outfit with this tan and brown 1860 Cattle Co cap.
Armcx3 - armadillo repeat containing, X-linked 3 | International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium
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wingless signal and Zeste-white 3 kinase trigger opposing changes in the intracellular distribution of Armadillo | Development
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Analytical Armadillo: Armadillo Reply to Tizzie Halls Official Response (PART 2)
I am disappointed that Tizzie will not be replying further as I do believe some good points were brought up but regardless of those points I do believe that she should state her research or where her recommendations come from.. Tizzie - why havent you addressed WHERE the number of 16 blankets came from?! I think you are damaging your reputation further by ignoring this points or not including the research YOU looked at! Its seems that you are being quite defensive and you have NO reason to be if you have the research. As a first time parent I do follow your advice because I agreed with the majority of it and it seemed all fairly reasonable but the lack of further response has made me question whether I am following blindly. It really does disappoint me as now I have lost confidence in the only person who I saw as talking sense and now I feel as lost as when I first had my newborn in my arms! Please for your readers and fans could you just state where the number came from and what evidence do you ...
Analytical Armadillo: Ignore Annabel Karmel says the Analytical Armadillo!
My nephew was weaned at 6 months old - not BLW - and as a result he has IBS and will have it for the rest of his life. No it wasnt his parents, it was the nursery he went to - and they supposedly had childcare training. He cant have most raw fruit and veg other than bananas and even cooked he has to be careful. So, all in all, Annabel has no idea what she is going on about. My siblings and I were all weaned by BLW and all of us are perfectly healthy. If children are hungry they will eat - they follow by example. So if you eat a variety of foods with them theyre more likely to copy and explore different tastes.. ReplyDelete ...
ARMC8 Antibody (monoclonal) (M01) - Mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant ARMC8. WB, IP, E - Buy Now!...
ARMC8 Antibody (monoclonal) (M01), Mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a partial recombinant ARMC8. validated in WB, IP, E (AT1196a), Abgent
Tissue expression of ARMCX3 - Staining in soft tissue 1 - The Human Protein Atlas
Expression of ARMCX3 (ALEX3, GASP6) in soft tissue 1 tissue. Antibody staining with HPA000325 and HPA000967 in immunohistochemistry.
Tissue expression of ARMCX3 - Summary - The Human Protein Atlas
Summary of ARMCX3 (ALEX3, GASP6) expression in human tissue. Estimation of protein expression could not be performed. View primary data.
Mutagenetix > Incidental...
FUNCTION: [Summary is not available for the mouse gene. This summary is for the human ortholog.] This gene encodes a member of the arm-repeat (armadillo) and plakophilin gene families. Plakophilin proteins contain numerous armadillo repeats, localize to cell desmosomes and nuclei, and participate in linking cadherins to intermediate filaments in the cytoskeleton. This gene product may regulate the signaling activity of beta-catenin. Two alternately spliced transcripts encoding two protein isoforms have been identified. A processed pseudogene with high similarity to this locus has been mapped to chromosome 12p13. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008 ...
How to Report only one error message for many mandatory fields in Web Dynpro ABAP | SAP Blogs
METHOD wddobeforeaction .. DATA lo_api_controller TYPE REF TO if_wd_view_controller.. DATA lo_action TYPE REF TO if_wd_action.. DATA lo_message_manager TYPE REF TO if_wd_message_manager.. DATA lt_attributes TYPE string_table.. DATA lt_messages TYPE cl_wd_dynamic_tool=,t_check_result_message_tab.. DATA ls_messages LIKE LINE OF lt_messages.. lo_api_controller = wd_this-,wd_get_api( ).. lo_action = lo_api_controller-,get_current_action( ).. CALL METHOD lo_api_controller-,get_message_manager. RECEIVING. message_manager = lo_message_manager.. IF lo_action IS BOUND.. CASE lo_action-,name.. WHEN CHECK_DATA.. cl_wd_dynamic_tool=,check_mandatory_attr_on_view(. EXPORTING. view_controller = lo_api_controller. display_messages = abap_false. IMPORTING. messages = lt_messages ).. CLEAR lt_attributes.. sort by context element,. SORT lt_messages BY context_element.. LOOP AT lt_messages INTO ls_messages.. APPEND ls_messages-attribute_name TO lt_attributes.. AT END OF context_element.. if no attributes found ...
A new immunologic and endocrine syndrome | EurekAlert! Science News
The name of the gene is Armc5, for Armadillo repeat containing 5. Until now, its function was unknown. After ten years of research, a team at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) has succeeded in deleting this gene in experimental mice and discovered that its loss gives rise to a syndrome heretofore unidentified.
Tortoise, Armadillo or Both? Quiz - By Bolafssonify
Can you pick whether each trivia statements describes an Armadillo, a Tortoise, or Both? Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by Bolafssonify
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20042236 - El lavado de las manos detiene el SARM (prisioneros).
Detenga la infecci n por SARM en c rceles y prisiones Por qu debe lavarse las manos? 1. Los microbios del SARM viven en la piel. 2. Los microbios se pueden propagar r pidamente en las c rceles y prisiones. 3. El lavado de las manos remueve los microbios. C mo? 1. L vese las manos con agua y jab n durante 20 segundos. 2. Enju guese bien y s quese las manos con una toalla limpia. Cu ndo? 1.Des
Armcx2 - PrimePCR Assay and Template | Life Science | Bio-Rad
Use Bio-Rads PrimePCR assays, controls, templates for your target gene. Every primer pair is optimized, experimentally validated, and performance guaranteed.
how to convert SARM raw powders
Hello, everybody. I am thinking about buying some SARM raw powders but I need help with making a liquid from them. Maybe I can simply measure doses of
how to convert SARM raw powders
Hello, everybody. I am thinking about buying some SARM raw powders but I need help with making a liquid from them. Maybe I can simply measure doses of
Roly Poly Bug Facts | Home Guides | SF Gate
When you turn over a rock, old board, mulch or leaf litter in your yard, you may see a bunch of small, slate-gray buglike creatures that resemble miniature armadillos. When you touch one, it rolls ...
anti-Pygopus 2 antibody | GeneTex
Pygopus 2 antibody (pygopus 2) for IHC-P, WB. Anti-Pygopus 2 pAb (GTX120215) is tested in Human, Mouse samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
Finally: 2. gen sarm s-23 outthere.
Very supressiv. Thats a good sign. Not testet on humans. Suppliers think its too early to try it. Anyone heard rumors, anyone tried it? If it turns
The encoded protein contains a potential N-terminal transmembrane domain and a single Armadillo repeat. Other proteins ... Armadillo repeat-containing X-linked protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ARMCX3 gene. This gene encodes a ... Kurochkin IV, Yonemitsu N, Funahashi SI, Nomura H (Feb 2001). "ALEX1, a novel human armadillo repeat protein that is expressed ... Mou Z, Tapper AR, Gardner PD (May 2009). "The Armadillo Repeat-containing Protein, ARMCX3, Physically and Functionally ...
The SARM1 protein has four domains, a mitochondrial localization signal, an auto-inhibitory N-terminus region consisting of ... armadillo/HEAT motifs, two sterile alpha motifs responsible for multimerization, and a C-terminus Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor ... Although the protein created localizes within the nucleus and is barely detectable in axons, studies suggest that its ... The protective effect of the WldS protein has been shown to be due to the NMNAT1 region's NAD+ synthesizing active site. ...
The SARM1 protein has four domains, a mitochondrial localization signal, an auto-inhibitory N-terminus region consisting of ... armadillo/HEAT motifs, two sterile alpha motifs responsible for multimerization, and a C-terminus Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor ... Bayless AM, Nishimura MT (2020). "Enzymatic Functions for Toll/Interleukin-1 Receptor Domain Proteins in the Plant Immune ... SARM1 protein plays a central role in the Wallerian degeneration pathway. The gene was first identified in a Drosophila ...
... is a small protein consisting of three functionally distinct domains: the IBB domain, ARM domain, and exportin CAS ... and the targeted protein. The majority of the importin α protein is made up of a series of ten tandem armadillo, or ARM, ... The N-terminal region of the proteins consists of an importin-β-binding, or IBB, domain. This region of the protein is ... NLS binding to the ARM domain, and thereby the formation of the import complex, is regulated by the IBB domain of importin α. ...
... encoding protein PAS domain-containing protein 1 PAGE1 :encoding a protein of unestablished function PBDC1: encoding a protein ... encoding protein Armadillo repeat containing X-linked 6 BEX1: encoding protein Brain-expressed X-linked protein 1 BEX2: ... encoding protein FERM and PDZ domain containing 3 FUNDC1: encoding protein FUN14 domain containing 1 FUNDC2: FUN14 domain- ... encoding protein Coiled coil domain containing protein 120 CCDC22: encoding protein Coiled-coil domain containing 22 CD99L2: ...
Armadillo proteins are involved in mediating attachment to intracellular filaments and cell membrane proteins. Armadillo ... which are in the cadherin family of cell adhesion proteins. Both have five extracellular domains, and have calcium-binding ... and the armadillo family of mediatory proteins plakoglobin and plakophilin. ... Desmoplakin has two isoforms that differ in the length of their middle rod domain. All desmoplakins have an N-terminal head, a ...
Proteins containing this ARMCX5 domain interact with numerous other proteins. Through these interactions, they are involved in ... ARMCX5 is an armadillo repeat-containing protein that is encoded by the X-linked ARMCX5 gene. It is conserved only in Eutheria ... regulation f circadian rhythm and lysosomal sorting of G-protein coupled receptors. Because DUF364 contains a PLP-dependent ...
A large proportion of the importin-α adaptor protein is made up of several armadillo repeats (ARM) arranged in tandem. These ... The N-terminal importin-β-binding (IBB) domain of importin-α contains an auto-regulatory region that mimics the NLS motif. The ... but the key proteins involved had not been elucidated up until that point. A 60 kDa cytosolic protein, essential for protein ... Many different cargo proteins can be transported into the nucleus by importin. Often, different proteins will require different ...
"The cytoplasmic domain of the cell adhesion molecule uvomorulin associates with three independent proteins structurally related ... α-catenin β-catenin δ-catenin γ-catenin All but α-catenin contain armadillo repeats. Several types of catenins work with N- ... First of all, by binding to cadherin receptor intracellular cytoplasmic tail domains, it can act as an integral component of a ... Catenins are a family of proteins found in complexes with cadherin cell adhesion molecules of animal cells. The first two ...
Armadillo-like proteins are characterized by a series of armadillo repeats, first defined in the Drosophila 'armadillo' gene ... "Targeting of p0071 to desmosomes and adherens junctions is mediated by different protein domains". J. Cell Sci. 116 (Pt 7): ... A novel multiple PSD-95/Dlg-A/ZO-1 protein interacting with neural plakophilin-related armadillo repeat protein/delta-catenin ... A novel multiple PSD-95/Dlg-A/ZO-1 protein interacting with neural plakophilin-related armadillo repeat protein/delta-catenin ...
"NCBI CDD Conserved Protein Domain DUF4694". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-19. "Protein BLAST: search protein ... All of the orthologs contained the domain DUF4964. The most distant ortholog detected was within the nine-banded armadillo ( ... There is no presence of a transmembrane domain thus the protein is not a transmembrane protein. The localization of C16orf82 ... "protein TNT [Homo sapiens] - Protein - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-19. group, NIH/NLM/NCBI/IEB/CDD. " ...
The NRDE (DUF883) domain, is a domain of unknown function spanning majority of the C22orf25 gene and is found among distantly ... C22orf25 is in close proximity to DGCR8 as well as other genes known to play a part in DiGeorge Syndrome such as armadillo ... C22orf25 is also xenologous to T10 like proteins in the Fowlpox Virus and Canarypox Virus. The gene coding for C22orf25 is ... This domain is found among distantly related species from the six kingdoms: Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Protista, Fungi, ...
The protein pair is generated by alternative splicing. Desmocollin has four cadherin-like extracellular domains, an ... Desmoglein, a subfamily of desmosomal cadherins Armadillo protein family, instrumental in the cytoplasmic anchoring of ... and an intracellular anchor domain. Additionally, the 'a' form has an intracellular cadherin-like sequence domain, which ... Bank, RCSB Protein Data. "RCSB PDB - 5IRY: Crystal structure of human Desmocollin-1 ectodomain". www.rcsb.org. Retrieved 2020- ...
Casein kinase 1
Hanks SK, Hunter T (May 1995). "Protein kinases 6. The eukaryotic protein kinase superfamily: kinase (catalytic) domain ... "Analysis of combinatorial effects of Wnts and Frizzleds on beta-catenin/armadillo stabilization and Dishevelled phosphorylation ... PER protein in this mutant is hypophosphorylated. Each of these mutations maps to the kinase domain of DBT gene. The short- and ... The family members have the highest homology in their kinase domains (53%-98% identical) and differ from most other protein ...
Beta-catenina, a enciclopedia libre
Oneyama C, Nakano H, Sharma SV (Mar 2002). "UCS15A, a novel small molecule, SH3 domain-mediated protein-protein interaction ... McCrea PD, Turck CW, Gumbiner B (Nov 1991). "A homolog of the armadillo protein in Drosophila (plakoglobin) associated with E- ... a novel protein that interacts with the guanylate kinase-like domains of hDLG and PSD-95". Genes to Cells 2 (6): 415-24. PMID ... "Association of human protein-tyrosine phosphatase kappa with members of the armadillo family". The Journal of Biological ...
"TMIGD3 - Transmembrane domain-containing protein TMIGD3 - Homo sapiens (Humans) - TMIGD3 gene & protein". UniProt. Stelzl U, ... SAAL1 contains an armadillo-like fold with an enveloped fungal symportin-1 like region. Other motifs were predicted by ELM and ... "Protein BLAST: search protein databases using protein query". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). "Time Tree ... Letunic I, Bork P (January 2018). "20 years of the SMART protein domain annotation resource". Nucleic Acids Research. 46 (D1): ...
Inositol trisphosphate receptor
... of an N-terminal beta-trefoil domain and a C-terminal alpha helical domain with a folding pattern similar to an armadillo ... The initial sequencing was reported as an unknown protein enriched in the cerebellum called P400. The large size of this ... structure of the ligand binding suppressor domain of type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 6181 Crystal structure of the ... Crystal structure of the ligand binding suppressor domain of type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor ...
White Sands National Park
Grass seeds produce a protein-rich kernel that dries well and fills many rodents' underground granaries. Native Americans used ... This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document: "The Salt Trail and Magoffin Salt War ... Ground sloths are the ancient relatives of modern tree sloths, armadillos, and anteaters. The Harlan's ground sloth dwarfed ... This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document: "Ranching and the Wild West". White ...
membrane protein intracellular domain proteolysis. • positive regulation of protein import into nucleus. • ephrin receptor ... Levesque G (1999). "Presenilins interact with armadillo proteins including neural-specific plakophilin-related protein and beta ... protein processing. • protein maturation. • myeloid dendritic cell differentiation. • autophagy. • protein glycosylation. • ... PDZ domain binding. • cadherin binding. • peptidase activity. • beta-catenin binding. • protein binding. • calcium channel ...
The corresponding specific proteins are expressed in the glandular and secretory cells of the prostatic gland and have ... 02-4806, a public domain resource. "What I need to know about Prostate Problems". 2002-06-01. Archived from the original on ... It is not found in xenarthrans (sloths, anteaters, and armadillos), mustelids (martens, badgers, and otters), monotremes, and ... Microscopic glands of the prostate About 20,000 protein coding genes are expressed in human cells and almost 75% of these genes ...
List of geneticists
Nobel Prize for protein targeting (address tags on proteins) David Blow (1931-2004), British biophysicist who helped develop X- ... twinning in armadillos Seymour Benzer (1921-2007), US molecular biologist and pioneer of neurogenetics Dorothea Bennett (1929- ... defined Archaea as new domain of life, rRNA phylogenetic tool Ulrich Wolf (1933-2017), German cytogeneticist, found chromosome ... US molecular biologist studying effects of protein folding and heat-shock proteins Jan Lindsten (born 1935), eminent Swedish ...
Catenina, a enciclopedia libre
"The cytoplasmic domain of the cell adhesion molecule uvomorulin associates with three independent proteins structurally related ... Todas elas, agás a α-catenina, conteñen repeticións Armadillo. FunciónsEditar. Varios tipos de proteínas cateninas funcionan ... "Adjuvant immunochemotherapy with protein-bound polysaccharide K for colon cancer in relation to oncogenic β-catenin activation ...
List of organisms by chromosome count
1992). "Evidence for an ancestral alphoid domain on the long arm of human chromosome 2". Human Genetics. 89 (2): 247-9. doi: ... Nine-banded armadillo. (Dasypus novemcinctus) 64  Gray fox. (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) 66  ...
Data for some African cities show that half of all protein consumed in urban areas comes from the bushmeat trade. ... "Do some taxa have better domain-general cognition than others? A metaanalysis of nonhuman primate studies" (PDF). Evolutionary ... Cingulata (Armadillos). *Pilosa (Anteaters and sloths). Afrotheria. *Afrosoricida (Tenrecs and golden moles) ...
Dolphins belong to the domain of Poseidon and led him to his wife Amphitrite. Dolphins are associated with other gods, such as ... "More DNA support for a Cetacea/Hippopotamidae clade: the blood-clotting protein gene gamma-fibrinogen" (PDF). Molecular ... Cingulata (Armadillos). *Pilosa (Anteaters and sloths). Afrotheria. *Afrosoricida (Tenrecs and golden moles) ...
Wikipedia:List of articles all languages should have/Expanded/Biology and health sciences - Simple English Wikipedia, the free...
위키백과:모든 언어의 위키백과마다 꼭 있어야 하는 문서 목록/확장판/생물학 및 의과학 - 위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전
Protein → 단백질 (C) *Enzyme → 효소 (B+). *Hemoglobin → 헤모글로빈 (C). *Amino acid → 아미노산 (D) ... Domain (biology) → 역 (생물학) (E). *Evolution → 진화 (A) *Natural selection → 자연선택 (B) ... Armadillo → 아르마딜로 (D). *Colugo → 날원숭이 (D). *Pangolin *Treeshrew → 나무두더지류 (D). 박쥐목, 4. *Bat → 박쥐 (B) ...
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PKP1 gene. This gene encodes a member of the arm-repeat (armadillo ... Choi HJ, Weis WI (2005). "Structure of the armadillo repeat domain of plakophilin 1". J. Mol. Biol. 346 (1): 367-76. doi: ... Plakophilin proteins contain numerous armadillo repeats, localize to cell desmosomes and nuclei, and participate in linking ... "Cell type-specific desmosomal plaque proteins of the plakoglobin family: plakophilin 1 (band 6 protein)". Differentiation. 58 ( ...
... or Armadillo Like Helical Domain Containing 3, also known as UPF0668 and c10orf76, is a protein that in humans is encoded ... These domains have been shown to participate in protein-protein binding interactions, specifically via the SH3 protein binding ... NCBI identifies a protein domain of unknown function between amino acids Asp435 and Leu671, known as DUF1741 (Domain of Unknown ... The locus is alternatively spliced and predicted to yield five protein variants, three of which contain a protein domain of ...
List of Ig Nobel Prize winners
Archaeology: Astolfo Gomes de Mello Araujo and Jose Carlos Marcelino, for showing that armadillos can mix up the contents of an ... Ig Nobel Prize Winner List (public domain) Gold, Jon (13 September 2013). "2013 Ig Nobel Prize winners: from opera-loving mice ... "Shear-Stress-Mediated Refolding of Proteins from Aggregates and Inclusion Bodies". ChemBioChem. 16 (3): 393-396. doi:10.1002/ ... Araujo, A. G. M.; Marcelino, J. C. (2003). "The role of armadillos in the movement of archaeological materials: an experimental ...
This gene encodes a member of the Armadillo protein family, which function in adhesion between cells and signal transduction. ... Ohkubo T, Ozawa M (July 1999). "p120(ctn) binds to the membrane-proximal region of the E-cadherin cytoplasmic domain and is ... The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which can code for large proteins in vitro". DNA Res. 4 (2): 141-50. ... Ohkubo T, Ozawa M (1999). "p120(ctn) binds to the membrane-proximal region of the E-cadherin cytoplasmic domain and is involved ...
"The crystal structure of human receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase kappa phosphatase domain 1". Protein Sci. 15 (6): 1500-5. ... "Association of human protein-tyrosine phosphatase kappa with members of the armadillo family". J Biol Chem. 271 (28): 16712-9. ... The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. Protein tyrosine phosphatases ... reporter gene with a signal sequence and the transmembrane domain of the type I transmembrane protein CD4. If the transgene was ...
2007). "RanBPM, Muskelin, p48EMLP, p44CTLH, and the armadillo-repeat proteins ARMC8alpha and ARMC8beta are components of the ... "Molecular analysis of muskelin identifies a conserved discoidin-like domain that contributes to protein self-association". ... 2007). "Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry". Mol. Syst. Biol. 3 (1): 89. doi: ... Muskelin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MKLN1 gene. MKLN1 has been shown to interact with RANBP9. GRCh38: ...
... it has now been shown that the protein has numerous phosphorylation sites both N- and C-term of this domain, and that protein ... "Densin-180 interacts with delta-catenin/neural plakophilin-related armadillo repeat protein at synapses". J. Biol. Chem. United ... "The AAA+ protein torsinA interacts with a conserved domain present in LAP1 and a novel ER protein". J. Cell Biol. 168 (6): 855- ... portray Densin-180 as a key interactor in the midst of receptor proteins, scaffolding proteins and structural proteins. [number ...
Several protein domains also form tandem repeats within their amino acid primary structure, such as armadillo repeats. However ... in proteins, perfect tandem repeats are unlikely in most in vivo proteins, and most known repeats are in proteins which have ... "Protein tandem repeats - the more perfect, the less structured". The FEBS Journal. 277 (12): 2673-82. doi:10.1111/j.1742- ... A combined method for the identification of tandem repeats in protein structures Tandem Repeats Finder Mreps STAR Splinter TRED ...
Like other NBPF proteins, the NBPF1 protein product contains a repeated domain called DUF1220, a domain of unknown function ... Additionally, it contains amino acid repeats that are present in humans, other primates, and even armadillos. Another feature ... The two most important domain types in the NBPF1 protein are the coiled coil domains and DUF1220 domains. NBPF1 contains three ... This protein is member of the neuroblastoma breakpoint family of proteins, a group of proteins that are thought to be involved ...
... (Cell Death Abnormality Protein-12) is a cytoplasmic, PH-domain containing adaptor protein found in Caenorhabditis ... The repeating Armadillo (ARM) region on the N-terminal binds CED-2/CrkII, which is necessary to activate the heterodimerization ... The first is by CED-6, which is an adaptor protein that is responsible for coordinating protein-protein interactions between ... The protein structure of CED-12 is separated based on its binding domains: The proline-rich region on CED-12 is a binding site ...
... both have 12 armadillo repeats as well as N-terminal and C-terminal globular domains of unknown structure. Plakoglobin was ... "Association of human protein-tyrosine phosphatase kappa with members of the armadillo family". The Journal of Biological ... "Association of human protein-tyrosine phosphatase kappa with members of the armadillo family". The Journal of Biological ... "Adult mice deficient in actinin-associated LIM-domain protein reveal a developmental pathway for right ventricular ...
Evidence of two reserved ARM superfamily domains are shown in the TMCO6 protein. The ARM domain, Armadillo/ beta-catenin-like- ... "Transmembrane And Coiled-Coil Domain 6". GeneCards. "transmembrane and coiled-coil domain-containing protein 6 isoform 1 H - ... Function of the conserved ARM domain and SRP1 domains are known. The ARM domains play a role in mediating the interaction of ... Transmembrane and coiled-coil domain-containing protein". Protein - NCBI. Behnke J, Eskelinen EL, Saftig P, Schröder B (Mar ...
Vesicle coat proteins frequently contain alpha solenoids and share common domain architecture with some NPC proteins. Three ... and its adaptor protein importin alpha is an alpha solenoid formed from Armadillo repeats. Transporters of other molecules, ... Like beta propellers, alpha solenoids are a form of solenoid protein domain commonly found in the proteins comprising the ... The protein-protein interaction capacity of alpha solenoid proteins also makes them well suited to function as regulatory ...
ARMH1 - Armadillo-like helical domain containing protein 1 - Homo sapiens (Human) - ARMH1 gene & protein
sp,Q6PIY5,ARMD1_HUMAN Armadillo-like helical domain containing protein 1 OS=Homo sapiens OX=9606 GN=ARMH1 PE=2 SV=2 ... Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites. More...InterProi. View protein in InterPro. IPR011989 ... p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.,p>,a ... Family and domain databases. Gene3Di. 188.8.131.52, 1 hit. InterProi. View protein in InterPro. IPR011989 ARM-like. IPR016024 ...
Roles of Armadillo, a Drosophila catenin, during central nervous system development
The genetic interactions between armadillo and abelson point to a possible role for the tyrosine kinase Abelson in cell-cell ... Armadillo Domain Proteins * Axons / ultrastructure * Cell Adhesion / physiology * Central Nervous System / growth & development ... Using armadillo alleles that selectively inactivate the cell adhesion or the Wingless signaling functions of Armadillo, we ... Roles of Armadillo, a Drosophila catenin, during central nervous system development Curr Biol. 1998 May 21;8(11):622-32. doi: ...
dishevelled and armadillo act in the wingless signalling pathway in Drosophila
The Wnt genes encode conserved secreted proteins that play a role in normal development and tumorigenesis. Little is known ... Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing * Armadillo Domain Proteins * Dishevelled Proteins * Drosophila Proteins * En protein, ... dishevelled and armadillo act in the wingless signalling pathway in Drosophila Nature. 1994 Jan 6;367(6458):80-3. doi: 10.1038/ ... The Wnt genes encode conserved secreted proteins that play a role in normal development and tumorigenesis. Little is known ...
Category:Proteins - Wikimedia Commons
2cs4 PDB n-terminal domain chromosome 12 ORF 2.png 454 × 420; 123 KB. ... Protein (lb); protein (nb); Protéin (su); Protein (hif); 朊 (lzh); بروتين (ar); Protein (br); ပရိုတိန်း (my); 蛋白質 (yue); Белок ( ... प्रोटिन (dty); Prótín (is); Protein (ms); protein (tr); لحمیات (ur); Bielkovina (sk); білок (uk); 蛋白质 (zh-cn); Protein (gsw); ... protein (sco); Уураг (mn); protein (nn); ಪ್ರೋಟೀನ್ (kn); پرۆتین (ckb); protein (en); fehérje (hu); પ્રોટિન (gu); प्रोटिन (new); ...
ARMH4 armadillo like helical domain containing 4 [Homo sapiens (human)] - Gene - NCBI
General protein information Go to the top of the page Help Preferred Names. armadillo-like helical domain-containing protein 4 ... mRNA and Protein(s) * NM_001001872.4 → NP_001001872.2 armadillo-like helical domain-containing protein 4 isoform 1 precursor ... mRNA and Protein(s) * XM_017021030.2 → XP_016876519.1 armadillo-like helical domain-containing protein 4 isoform X2 ... ARMH4 armadillo like helical domain containing 4 [Homo sapiens] ARMH4 armadillo like helical domain containing 4 [Homo sapiens] ...
armadillo repeat domain binding Antibodies | Invitrogen ...
Gelvin SB[au] - PubMed - NCBI
An armadillo-domain protein participates in a telomerase interaction network.. Dokládal L, Benková E, Honys D, Dupľáková N, Lee ... Screening a cDNA library for protein-protein interactions directly in planta.. Lee LY, Wu FH, Hsu CT, Shen SC, Yeh HY, Liao DC ... Expression of plant protein phosphatase 2C interferes with nuclear import of the Agrobacterium T-complex protein VirD2. ... Plant proteins that interact with VirB2, the Agrobacterium tumefaciens pilin protein, mediate plant transformation. ...
Whole-exome sequencing identifies homozygous mutation in TTI2 in a child with primary microcephaly: a case report | SpringerLink
Our report also highlights the importance of TTI2 protein in brain development. ... but we found a new D317V homozygous mutation in TELOE-2 interacting protein 2 (TTI2) gene by whole-exome sequencing. TTI2 is ... d Predicted domain of TTI2 protein. TTI2 contain only the armadillo-type fold domain. Red arrow illustrates the mutation ... It is noteworthy that all identified mutations are located in the Armadillo-type fold domain of TTI2 (Fig. 1d). The ...
ARMCX3 - Wikipedia
The encoded protein contains a potential N-terminal transmembrane domain and a single Armadillo repeat. Other proteins ... Armadillo repeat-containing X-linked protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ARMCX3 gene. This gene encodes a ... Kurochkin IV, Yonemitsu N, Funahashi SI, Nomura H (Feb 2001). "ALEX1, a novel human armadillo repeat protein that is expressed ... Mou Z, Tapper AR, Gardner PD (May 2009). "The Armadillo Repeat-containing Protein, ARMCX3, Physically and Functionally ...
STRN Gene - GeneCards | STRN Protein | STRN Antibody
Protein Coding), Striatin, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human ... The armadillo repeat domain of the APC tumor suppressor protein interacts with Striatin family members. (PMID: 18502210) ... Protein details for STRN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot). Protein Symbol:. O43815-STRN_HUMAN. Recommended name:. Striatin. Protein ... Protein Domains for STRN Gene. InterPro:. * WD40/YVTN_repeat-like_dom_sf ...
ADF Protein Domain | Cell Signaling Technology
A scientific resource for the ADF protein domain containing information on structure, function, and binding to monomeric and ... Domain Binding and Function. The approximately 40 amino acid Armadillo (. ARM. ) repeat was first identified in the Drosophila ... Examples of Domain Proteins. Binding Examples. ARM Domain Proteins. Binding Partners. Importin-α Nuclear Import Protein ... domain is implicated in mediating protein-protein interactions, but no common features among the target proteins recognized by ...
Vesicle tethering protein Uso1/P115-like , head domain (IPR006953) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI
We combine protein signatures from a number of member databases into a single searchable resource, capitalising on their ... InterPro provides functional analysis of proteins by classifying them into families and predicting domains and important sites ... The N-terminal part of the head region contains context-detected Armadillo/beta-catenin-like repeats. ... Domain relationships None.. Description. This domain identifies a group of proteins, which are described as: General vesicular ...
Structures of designed armadillo repeat proteins binding to peptides fused to globular domains. Protein Science, 26(10):1942- ... Functional and Structural Characterization of Modular Peptide-binding by Designed Armadillo Repeat Proteins. 2017, University ... Curvature of designed armadillo repeat proteins allows modular peptide binding. Journal of Structural Biology, 201(2):108-117. ... Structures of designed armadillo-repeat proteins show propagation of inter-repeat interface effects. Acta Crystallographica. ...
RCSB PDB - 2Z6H: Crystal Structure of Beta-Catenin Armadillo Repeat Region and Its C-Terminal domain
Find proteins for P35222 (Homo sapiens). Explore P35222 Go to UniProtKB: P35222 ... Crystal Structure of Beta-Catenin Armadillo Repeat Region and Its C-Terminal domain. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb2Z6H/pdb ... forms a long alpha helix that packs on the C-terminal end of the armadillo repeat domain, and thus forms part of the beta- ... zebrafish beta-catenin and a human beta-catenin fragment that contains both the armadillo repeat and the C-terminal domains. ...
Lef1 - Uncharacterized protein - Mus musculus (Mouse) - Lef1 gene & protein
armadillo repeat domain binding Source: Ensembl. *beta-catenin binding Source: Ensembl. *C2H2 zinc finger domain binding Source ... Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites. More...InterProi. View protein in InterPro. IPR027397, ... Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool; a protein domain database. More...SMARTi. View protein in SMART. SM00398, HMG, 1 ... p>This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.,p>,a ...
ARMCX1 Gene - GeneCards | ARMX1 Protein | ARMX1 Antibody
Protein Coding), Armadillo Repeat Containing, X-Linked 1, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and ... The encoded protein contains a potential N-terminal transmembrane domain and two Armadillo (arm) repeats. Other proteins ... Protein Symbol:. Q9P291-ARMX1_HUMAN. Recommended name:. Armadillo repeat-containing X-linked protein 1 Protein Accession:. ... Domains & Families for ARMCX1 Gene Gene Families for ARMCX1 Gene. HGNC:. *409 : Armadillo repeat containing ...
SAV4 encodes an unknown protein with armadillo repeat- and tetratricopeptide repeat-like domains known to provide protein- ... SAV4 is predicted to harbor an ARM repeat- and a TPR-like domain, both of which are involved in protein-protein interactions ... SAV4 contains a putative ARM repeat- and a TPR-like domain, both of which are often involved in protein-protein interactions ... 2014) Auxin efflux by PIN-FORMED proteins is activated by two different protein kinases, D6 PROTEIN KINASE and PINOID. eLife 3 ...
PDB 3qhe structure summary ‹ Protein Data Bank in Europe (PDBe) ‹ EMBL-EBI
Crystal structures of the armadillo repeat domain of adenomatous polyposis coli and its complex with the tyrosine-rich domain ... Sequence domains: * Occurring in:. *Adenomatous polyposis coli protein. > Armadillo * Occurring in:. *Adenomatous polyposis ... Adenomatous polyposis coli protein. > Armadillo-type fold * Occurring in:. *Adenomatous polyposis coli protein. > Armadillo- ... Sequence domains: Armadillo/beta-catenin-like repeat Structure domains: Leucine-rich Repeat Variant ...
PTP-PEST regulates p120-catenin | Journal of Cell Science
The highly tyrosine phosphorylated adherens junction protein p120 catenin (p120) belongs to a subfamily of Armadillo-domain ... Protein-tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 12 (PTP-PEST, also known as PTPN12) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine phosphatase that ... a novel tyrosine site in the N-terminal regulatory domain of p120. These data suggest PTP-PEST affects epithelial cell motility ... proteins. Cytosolic p120 is known to control cell motility through the regulation of Rho GTPase activity. ...
Deborah J Andrew - Research Output - Johns Hopkins University
The CRE-binding protein dCREB-A is required for Drosophila embryonic development. Rose, R. E., Gallaher, N. M., Andrew, D. J., ... D-Titin: A giant protein with dual roles in chromosomes and muscles. Machado, C. & Andrew, D. J., Oct 30 2000, In : Journal of ... Human autoantibodies reveal titin as a chromosomal protein. Machado, C., Sunkel, C. E. & Andrew, D. J., Apr 20 1998, In : ... Immunological methods for mapping protein distributions on polytene chromosomes.. Andrew, D. J. & Scott, M. P., 1994, In : ...
anti-ARMCX1 antibody, C-term | GeneTex
... armadillo repeat containing, X-linked 1) for WB. Anti-ARMCX1 pAb (GTX46334) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab-Assurance. ... The encoded protein contains a potential N-terminal transmembrane domain and two Armadillo (arm) repeats. Other proteins ... armadillo repeat containing, X-linked 1. Background. This gene encodes a member of the ALEX family of proteins and may play a ... Primary Antibodies Secondary Antibodies Proteins & Peptides Lysates & Slides Serum & Reagents Research Kits Isotype Controls ...
Gene ID: 80210 | Armcx1 Antibody Resource
Plakoglobin: Role in Tumorigenesis and Metastasis
The degree of homology between β-catenin and plakoglobin for each Armadillo domain is indicated. Protein partners that interact ... is a member of the Armadillo family of proteins and a structural and functional homolog of β-catenin. These catenin proteins ... which is an actin-binding protein. A fourth catenin protein, p120-catenin, interacts with the juxtamembrane domain of E- ... Plakoglobin (γ-catenin) is a member of the Armadillo family of proteins and a homolog of β-catenin. As a component of both the ...
The role of adherens junction proteins in the regulation of insulin secretion | Bioscience Reports | Portland Press
A second family of armadillo domain containing proteins that bind to cadherins is the p120 catenin family (p120catenin, δ- ... Family-wide investigation of PDZ domain-mediated protein-protein interactions implicates beta-catenin in maintaining the ... Other proteins that make up the cadherin mediated adherens junctions. The cytoplasmic domain of cadherins forms a complex that ... In support of this, recent studies indicate that β-catenin interacts with the PDZ domain containing protein scribble, which is ...
RCSB PDB - 1M1E: Beta-catenin armadillo repeat domain bound to ICAT Structure Summary Page
SMART: Secondary literature for CXC domain
The Armadillo (ARM)-repeat domain is a 42-amino acid protein-protein interaction motif present in many eukaryotic proteins. ARM ... All the characteristic domains known to be conserved in E(Z) homologs (subgroup I) of SET domain containing proteins are ... Arabidopsis TSO1 encodes a protein with conserved CXC domains known to bind DNA and is homologous to animal proteins that ... a zinc finger domain of the Cys(2)-His(2) type, four basic amino acid-rich domains, and a myosin II-homology domain. In situ ...
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen
Arm is composed of 12 imperfect protein interaction repeats (Armadillo repeat domain) flanked by unique N and C termini. In an ... This presumptive DNA-binding domain is known to be contained in several Drosophila proteins, such as Dref and BEAF-32. Dref ... Ssp specifically interacted with the Armadillo repeat domain of Arm (amino acids 140 to 713), but failed to interact with ... Protein Interactions Replication factor C (RF-C) is a heteropentameric protein essential for DNA replication and repair. It is ...
RNA interference of LRRK2-microarray expression analysis of a Parkinson's disease key player | SpringerLink
The protein leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a key player in the pathogenesis of Parkinsons disease (PD). Mutations in ... a Roc-GTPase domain, a kinase domain of the tyrosine kinase-like subfamily and multiple protein interaction domains (armadillo ... Although the LRRK2 protein has many functional domains like a leucine-rich repeat domain, ... Mata IF et al (2006) LRRK2 in Parkinsons disease: protein domains and functional insights. Trends Neurosci 29:286-293PubMed ...
Nuclear p120-catenin regulates the anoikis resistance of mouse lobular breast cancer cells through Kaiso-dependent Wnt11...
Like other members of the Armadillo (ARM) domain protein family, p120 can shuttle between the cytosol and the nucleus (van ... 1994). Isolation of a protein that is essential for the first step of nuclear protein import. Cell 79, 767-778. ... 1999). The catenin p120(ctn) interacts with Kaiso, a novel BTB/POZ domain zinc finger transcription factor. Mol. Cell. Biol. 19 ... 2003). N-CoR mediates DNA methylation-dependent repression through a methyl CpG binding protein Kaiso. Mol. Cell 12, 723-734. ...
p120-catenin is essential for terminal end bud function and mammary morphogenesis | Development
... and β-catenin are armadillo repeat domain proteins that bind directly to distinct regions of the cytoplasmic domain (Davis et ... 2009). Protein p0071-an armadillo plaque protein that characterizes a specific subtype of adherens junctions. J. Cell Sci. 122 ... 2010). Protein p0071, an armadillo plaque protein of adherens junctions, is predominantly expressed in distal renal tubules. ... Cleared total protein was quantified using a bicinchoninic acid assay (Pierce, Rockford, IL, USA). Then 20 μg protein per ...
RepeatsBeta-cateninGeneSignal TransductionGenesCateninReceptorsSignalling pathwayAnkyrinCadherinsCytoplasmicFamily of proteinsAntibodiesPlakoglobinHomologyEncodesInteractionMolecularPeptides and ProteinsSequenceTranscription FactorsInteractsPolarityHomeodomain ProteinsAbstractMammalianKinaseTransmembrane ProteinsInteractMutationsBindHighly conservedResiduesLeucine-rich rLocalizationVesicular transportCell AdhesionPeptideSubunitsRecombinantInteractionsNuclearCellsSterileHomologousMembraneUniProtYeastCytoskeletonComplexesDesmosomal proteinsRegulators
- repeats contain a set of seven highly conserved hydrophobic residues and both mediate protein-protein interactions. (cellsignal.com)
- The N-terminal part of the head region contains context-detected Armadillo/beta-catenin-like repeats. (ebi.ac.uk)
- The encoded protein contains a potential N-terminal transmembrane domain and two Armadillo (arm) repeats. (genecards.org)
- The NH 2 -terminal third contains an oligomerization domain, followed by seven armadillo repeats (imperfect repeats also found in proteins like armadillo, β-catenin, plakoglobin, and importins). (rupress.org)
- The middle part of the protein contains three successive 15-amino acid (aa) repeats, followed by seven related but distinct 20-aa repeats. (rupress.org)
- Both types of repeats are able to bind independently to β-catenin, a cadherin-associated protein important for intercellular adhesion ( 42 , 43 , 51 ). (rupress.org)
- All truncated APC proteins lack most of the 20-aa repeats, but the majority of the somatic mutant APC proteins seem to have retained the 15-aa repeats and β-catenin-binding activity ( 39 ). (rupress.org)
- Repeats that are at least 30 to 40 amino acids long, are far more likely to be folded as part of a domain. (wikipedia.org)
- Such long repeats are frequently indicative of the presence of a solenoid domain in the protein. (wikipedia.org)
- A clear advantage of this topology is that both the N- and C-terminal ends are free to add new repeats and folds, or even remove existing ones during evolution without any gross impact on the structural stability of the entire domain. (wikipedia.org)
- Thus - while individual repeats might have a (limited) ability to fold on their own - they usually cannot perform the functions of the entire domain alone. (wikipedia.org)
- In the case when the N- and C-terminal repeats lie in close physical contact in a solenoid domain, the result is a topologically compact, closed structure. (wikipedia.org)
- Proteins that contain tandem repeats of ordinary domains are very common in eukaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
- Here we investigated the functional role of these molecular interactions by making targeted mutations in Drosophila melanogaster APC2 that disrupt phosphorylation and extended region interactions and deletion mutants missing the Armadillo binding repeats. (genetics.org)
- Yeast two-hybrid discussion assays mapped the binding domains to Arm repeats 1 to 7 of p120 as well as the carboxy-terminal 200 proteins of Kaiso. (sns-314.org)
- Gene targeting was used to create mice lacking sperm-associated antigen 6 (Spag6), the murine orthologue of Chlamydomonas PF16, an axonemal protein containing eight armadillo repeats predicted to be important for flagellar motility and stability of the axoneme central apparatus. (asm.org)
- We cloned the human and murine orthologues of PF16, named sperm-associated antigen 6 (Spag6), and found that the amino acid sequences of the mammalian and algal proteins were highly conserved, including the eight armadillo repeats required for the assembly of PF16 onto the C1 microtubule and for flagellar function ( 11 , 16 , 20 , 21 ). (asm.org)
- MIM 116806)-like (ARM) domains are imperfect 45-amino acid repeats involved in protein-protein interactions. (bio-rad.com)
- Here we describe a general computational method for building idealized repeats that integrates available family sequences and structural information with Rosetta de novo protein design calculations. (bris.ac.uk)
- ARVCF encodes a protein of 962 amino acids that contains a coiled coil domain and 10 tandem armadillo repeats. (ox.ac.uk)
- CSI1 encodes a 2,150-amino acid protein that contains 10 predicted Armadillo repeats and a C2 domain. (swarthmore.edu)
- A TOG domain contains HEAT repeats. (embl.de)
- This topology has been found with a number of repeats and domains, including the armadillo repeat (found in beta-catenins and importins), the HEAT repeat (found in protein phosphatase 2a and initiation factor eIF4G), the PHAT domain (found in Smaug RNA-binding protein), the leucine-rich repeat variant, the Pumilo repeat, and in the H regulatory subunit of V-type ATPases. (embl.de)
- The sequence similarity among these different repeats or domains is low, however they exhibit considerable structural similarity. (embl.de)
- Drosophila Armadillo and its vertebrate homolog beta-catenin have dual roles in epithelial cells: transducing signals from the Wingless/Wnt family of proteins and working with cadherins to mediate cell adhesion. (nih.gov)
- Here, we report the crystal structures of full-length zebrafish beta-catenin and a human beta-catenin fragment that contains both the armadillo repeat and the C-terminal domains. (rcsb.org)
- Our structures reveal that the N-terminal region of the C-terminal domain, a key component of the C-terminal transactivation domain, forms a long alpha helix that packs on the C-terminal end of the armadillo repeat domain, and thus forms part of the beta-catenin superhelical core. (rcsb.org)
- The existence of this helix redefines our view of interactions of beta-catenin with some of its critical partners, including ICAT and Chibby, which may form extensive interactions with this C-terminal domain alpha helix. (rcsb.org)
- We generated alleles of p120 and found that mutants are viable and fertile and have no substantial changes in junction structure or function.However, p120 mutations strongly enhance mutations in the genes encoding DE-cadherin or Armadillo, the beta-catenin homologue.Finally, we examined the localization of p120 during embryogenesis. (nih.gov)
- However, p120 mutations strongly enhance mutations in the genes encoding DE-cadherin or Armadillo, the beta-catenin homologue. (nih.gov)
- p>This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence. (uniprot.org)
- section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. (uniprot.org)
- Mutations in the gene encoding the Drosophila tyrosine kinase Abelson substantially enhanced the severity of the CNS phenotype of armadillo mutations, consistent with these proteins functioning co-operatively at adherens junctions in both the CNS and the epidermis. (nih.gov)
- We show that wingless acts through dishevelled and armadillo to affect the expression of the homeobox gene engrailed and cuticle differentiation. (nih.gov)
- Armadillo repeat-containing X-linked protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ARMCX3 gene. (wikipedia.org)
- This gene encodes a member of the ALEX family of proteins which may play a role in tumor suppression. (wikipedia.org)
- Three transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified for this gene. (wikipedia.org)
- Microcephaly investigations and genetic panels were negative, but we found a new D317V homozygous mutation in TELOE-2 interacting protein 2 ( TTI2 ) gene by whole-exome sequencing. (springer.com)
- Here, we report a child with primary microcephaly carrying D317V Homozygous mutation in TELO2-interacting protein 2 ( TTI2 ) gene, identified by whole-exome sequencing (WES). (springer.com)
- STRN (Striatin) is a Protein Coding gene. (genecards.org)
- repeat was first identified in the Drosophila segment polarity gene product Armadillo (the homologue of mammalian β-catenin). (cellsignal.com)
- ARMCX1 (Armadillo Repeat Containing, X-Linked 1) is a Protein Coding gene. (genecards.org)
- These results suggest that the expression of the PCNA gene is under the control of genes coding for homeodomain proteins (Yamaguchi, 1990). (sdbonline.org)
- The target sequence of Zen maps within the 34-bp region (-119 to -86) of the PCNA gene promoter, even though it lacked Zen protein-binding sites. (sdbonline.org)
- The regulatory region of Drosophila proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) gene consists of a promoter region (-168 to +24 with respect to the transcription initiation site) and an upstream region containing three homeodomain protein binding sites (HDB) (-357 to -165). (sdbonline.org)
- These results suggest that the promoter region is practically sufficient for expression of the PCNA gene and that the homeodomain protein binding region functions as a silencer when torso is activated ectopically (Yamaguchi, 1995a). (sdbonline.org)
- Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 ( LRRK2 ), a gene mutated in autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD) and a risk locus for sporadic PD [ 1 , 2 ], encodes a large and complex protein ( Figure 1A ) with dual enzymatic function. (portlandpress.com)
- The APC gene encodes a 300-kD protein, consisting of 2,843 amino acids, which has several structural domains. (rupress.org)
- Its homologue in Drosophila , armadillo , is a segment polarity gene that acts as a component of the Wingless signaling pathway ( 36 ). (rupress.org)
- Here, we identify the LIN gene in Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus , showing that it codes for a predicted E3 ubiquitin ligase containing a highly conserved U-box and WD40 repeat domains. (plantphysiol.org)
- Transcription of this gene produces transcript variants 1 (5324 bp) and 2 (5225 bp) that encode the same protein. (atlasgeneticsoncology.org)
- The coiled‑coil domain containing 114 gene (CCDC114) is related to the biogenesis of cilia and attachment of the outer dynein arms (ODAs) to the axoneme of cilia. (spandidos-publications.com)
- Mutations in the coiled-coil domain containing 114 gene ( CCDC114 ), encoding a ciliary protein necessary for the attachment of the outer dynein arms (ODAs) to the axoneme of cilia, are reported to cause a subtype of PCD named ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 20 (CILD20) ( 23 ). (spandidos-publications.com)
- Armadillo repeat containing 5 (ARMC5) on chromosome 16 is an adrenal gland tumor suppressor gene associated with primary aldosteronism, especially among African Americans (AAs). (cdc.gov)
- RNA-protein complexes play essential regulatory roles at nearly all levels of gene expression. (nature.com)
- Deletion of the gene encoding the islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein autoantigen results in a mild metabolic phenotype. (molecularstation.com)
- Using two independent gene-isolation procedures, we isolated a new catenin family member termed ARVCF (armadillo repeat gene deleted in VCFS) from the interval deleted in VCFS. (ox.ac.uk)
- Calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are important sensors of Ca 2+ elevations in plant cells regulating the gene expression linked with various cellular processes like stress response, growth and development, metabolism, and cytoskeleton dynamics. (frontiersin.org)
- ZoCDPK1 ( Zingiber officinale Calcium-dependent protein kinase 1) is a salinity and drought-inducible CDPK gene isolated from ginger and undergoes dynamic subcellular localization during stress conditions. (frontiersin.org)
- So CCDS's gene number prediction represents a lower bound on the total number of human protein-coding genes. (wikidoc.org)
- and inverse correlation of β-catenin protein levels with the T-cell-inflamed gene expression signature. (aacrjournals.org)
- We have analyzed activated WNT/β-catenin signaling by somatic mutations, copy number alterations, gene expression, and reverse phase protein array showing a pan-cancer association of this signaling pathway with immune exclusion. (aacrjournals.org)
- Armadillo function in Wingless signal transduction was required early in development for determination of neuroblast fate. (nih.gov)
- We propose that LIN is a regulator of the component(s) of the nodulation factor signal transduction pathway and that its function is required for correct temporal and spatial activity of the target protein(s). (plantphysiol.org)
- ARM domain-containing proteins such as ARMC3 function in signal transduction development cell adhesion and mobility and tumor initiation and metastasis (Li et al. (bio-rad.com)
- Proteins and peptides that are involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION within the cell. (harvard.edu)
- The precise tissue-specific and temporal regulation of nuclear protein import is also critical in the regulation of cell cycle progression and in developmental and signal transduction pathways (reviewed in K affman and O'S hea 1999 ). (genetics.org)
- The heterotrimeric G-protein alpha subunit has long been considered a bimodal, GTP-hydrolyzing switch controlling the duration of signal transduction by seven-transmembrane domain (7TM) cell-surface receptors. (ijbs.com)
- The Wnt genes encode conserved secreted proteins that play a role in normal development and tumorigenesis. (nih.gov)
- DNase I footprint analysis reveals that the Drosophila homeodomain proteins coded by even-skipped and zerknullt genes can specifically bind to these sites. (sdbonline.org)
- Resistance to inhibitors of cholinesterase (Ric-8)A and Ric-8B are essential genes that encode positive regulators of heterotrimeric G protein α subunits. (aspetjournals.org)
- In organisms spanning the evolutionary window of Ric-8 expression, experimental perturbation of Ric-8 genes results in reduced functional abundances of G proteins because G protein α subunits are misfolded and degraded rapidly. (aspetjournals.org)
- Wild-type RIC genes positively influence neurotransmission and include components of G protein signaling pathways: G α q/ egl-30 , RGS /egl-10 , and unc-13, which encodes a protein that regulates synaptic vesicle priming in response to diacylglycerol. (aspetjournals.org)
- Esto produce una acumulación de esta proteína en el citoplasma celular y permite su entrada al núcleo, donde ejerce su acción al unirse a una serie de moléculas y factores de transcripción, permitiendo de este modo que se expresen los genes diana, entre los que se encuentran los de las hormonas incretinas. (isciii.es)
- The highly tyrosine phosphorylated adherens junction protein p120 catenin (p120) belongs to a subfamily of Armadillo-domain proteins. (biologists.org)
- Plakoglobin ( γ -catenin) is a member of the Armadillo family of proteins and a homolog of β -catenin. (hindawi.com)
- These catenin proteins have two major roles in the cell: the mediation of cell-cell adhesion and cell signaling. (hindawi.com)
- As adhesive proteins, both β -catenin and plakoglobin interact with the cytoplasmic domain of cadherins, thereby tethering the cadherin proteins to the cytoskeleton. (hindawi.com)
- In addition to their cell-cell adhesive functions, both β -catenin and plakoglobin interact with a number of intracellular partners including signaling proteins and transcription factors, which accounts for their involvement in cellular signaling [ 1 - 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
- In addition, several groups showed that E-cadherin (initially known as uvomorulin) immunoprecipitates contained three distinct proteins, which became known as α -, β -, and γ -catenin [ 14 - 16 ]. (hindawi.com)
- These studies showed that these three catenin proteins, with molecular weights of approximately 102, 88, and 80 kDa, respectively, interacted with the cytoplasmic domain of E-cadherin. (hindawi.com)
- Importantly, p120-catenin levels further modulate the mRNA and protein levels of Oct4 (also known as POU5F1), Nanog and Sox2, and have an impact upon the differentiation of mESCs towards neural fates. (biologists.org)
- Background: delta-Catenin is a unique member of delta-catenin/armadillo domain superfamily proteins and its primary expression is restricted to the brain. (uncg.edu)
- Î´-Catenin is a member of the p120-catenin subfamily of armadillo proteins. (uncg.edu)
- Although delta-catenin/neural plakophilin-related armadillo protein (NPRAP) was reported to interact with presenilin-1 (PS-1) the effects of PS-1 on delta-catenin have not been established. (uncg.edu)
- Clone REA129 recognizes the T916-phosphorylated form of p120 Catenin, a prototypic member of subfamily of armadillo-domain (ARM) proteins. (miltenyibiotec.com)
- p120 ARM domain displays 22% homology to other ARM-domain proteins such as β-catenin and plakoglobin, which are basically cadherin binding proteins, suggesting the involvement of p120 in binding to cadherin. (miltenyibiotec.com)
- We assayed the activity of APC in the early Xenopus embryo, which has been established as a good model for the analysis of the signaling activity of the APC-associated protein β-catenin. (rupress.org)
- Kaiso was originally identified in a yeast two-hybrid screen as a binding partner for the Armadillo repeat domain protein p120-catenin ( CTNND1 ) and has subsequently been found to also interact with the p120-catenin-related protein delta-catenin . (atlasgeneticsoncology.org)
- Moreover, overexpressing an N-cadherin mutant lacking the extracellular domain or β-catenin mutants with an altered phosphorylation site alters spine morphology and synaptic efficacy ( 23 - 26 ). (pnas.org)
- APC binds directly to the main effector of the pathway, β-catenin (βcat, Drosophila Armadillo), and helps to target it for degradation. (genetics.org)
- The destruction complex, which includes the kinases GSK3β and CK1, the scaffolding protein Axin, and the colon cancer tumor suppressor Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), acts to phosphorylate β-catenin (βcat), the key effector of the Wnt pathway, and target it for ubiquitination and degradation by the proteosome (reviewed in Kennell and Cadigan 2009 ). (genetics.org)
- 1 , 2 Cadherins form cis and trans homodimers on the cell surface (via their extracellular domains), while a conserved intracellular domain of 30 amino acids interacts with armadillo proteins, either β-catenin or plakoglobin. (arvojournals.org)
- A second strongly conserved intracellular domain, the juxtamembrane domain, provides binding sites for several p120 catenin (ctn) members, including p120ctn, ARVCF, δ-catenin/NPRAP, and p0071. (arvojournals.org)
- p120is an Armadillo replicate domain protein with structural similarity towards the cell adhesion cofactors -catenin and plakoglobin. (sns-314.org)
- p120(hereafter known as p120) may be the prototype to get 1226056-71-8 a conserved subfamily of Armadillo-related proteins including ARVCF, p0071, -catenin/NPRAP, and plakophilins 1 and 2 (22C25, 42, 55, 59, 62, 67, 78) (evaluated in research 60). (sns-314.org)
- Like the prototypical catenins, -catenin and plakoglobin, p120 binds directly to E-cadherin via its Armadillo repeat domain name (9) and interacts with other members of the classical cadherin family (61). (sns-314.org)
- The importance of the Arm domain name in protein-protein interactions is best illustrated by -catenin which, via its Arm domain name, forms mutually exclusive complexes with either E-cadherin, the tumor suppressor adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), or the transcription factor TCF/Lef-1 (T cell factor/lymphoid enhancing factor 1) (3, 28, 29, 45, 64, 69). (sns-314.org)
- Interestingly, -catenin interacts with each of these proteins at different subcellular locations (E-cadherinCcell membrane, APC-cytosol, and Lef-1Cnucleus), to perform unique functions in cell-cell adhesion and/or signaling. (sns-314.org)
- The -catenin and plakoglobin binding site maps to a carboxy-terminal region of the E-cadherin cytoplasmic 1226056-71-8 domain name (30, 46, 47, 52, 54), while the p120 binding site has been mapped to the juxtamembrane region (38, 70, 75). (sns-314.org)
- For example, the transmembrane protein E-cadherin and its associated cytoplasmic proteins α- and β-catenin are found in the ZA ( Fig. 2 ). (sciencemag.org)
- The primary structure of the protein is most closely related to the murine catenin p120CAS, which suggests a role for ARVCF in protein-protein interactions at adherens junctions. (ox.ac.uk)
- This type of domain is extremely common among extracellular segments of receptors or cell adhesion molecules. (wikipedia.org)
- The response to neurotransmitter (NT) 1 release at the synapse is provided by a protein matrix of NT receptors and supporting proteins collectively known as the postsynaptic density (PSD) (for review, see Refs. (mcponline.org)
- Following ligation of the receptors the tyrosines within the ITIM become phosphorylated and recruit SH2-containing phosphatases such as Src homology 2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase 1 (SHP1) and SHP2, thereby regulating cellular activity ( 10 , 11 ). (jimmunol.org)
- Included here are peptides and proteins that regulate the activity of TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and cellular processes in response to signals from CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. (harvard.edu)
- The nuclear import of classical nuclear localization signal-containing proteins depends on importin-α transport receptors. (genetics.org)
- Ric-8 GEF activity clearly differs from the GEF activity of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). (aspetjournals.org)
- G protein βγ is inhibitory to Ric-8 action but obligate for receptors. (aspetjournals.org)
- Heterotrimeric guanine-nucleotide binding proteins (G-proteins) are best known for transducing a wide array of extracellular signals received from heptahelical (7TM) cell-surface receptors, such as those initiated by hormones in the bloodstream, neurotransmitters across the synapse, and photons striking the retina. (ijbs.com)
- Both TNFAIP3 (A20, at the protein level) and REL are key mediators in the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) inflammatory signalling pathway. (genes2cognition.org)
- There is also evidence that glucose, through the hexosamine pathway, can induces autocrine activation of Wnt signalling pathway by stimulating secretion of Wnt proteins. (isciii.es)
- G-quadruplexes are specifically recognized and distinguished by selected designed ankyrin repeat proteins. (uzh.ch)
- Although the LRRK2 protein has many functional domains like a leucine-rich repeat domain, a Roc-GTPase domain, a kinase domain of the tyrosine kinase-like subfamily and multiple protein interaction domains (armadillo, ankyrin, WD40), the exact biological role of LRRK2 in the human brain is elusive. (springer.com)
- A ) LRRK2 protein contains different domains: Armadillo (ARM), Ankyrin (ANK), leucine-rich repeat (LRR), Ras in complex protein (ROC), C-terminal of Roc (COR), Kinase (KIN) and WD40. (portlandpress.com)
- The best studied among such proteins are the classical cadherins, homophilic Ca 2+ -dependent adhesion molecules, which also play a role in axon outgrowth ( 13 , 14 ), dendrite arborization ( 15 ), and target recognition ( 16 ). (pnas.org)
- Whereas the extracellular domain of cadherins provides the direct intercellular link between apposing cells, strong adhesion by cadherins requires the dynamic intracellular connection to the actin cytoskeleton through β- and α-catenins ( 17 , 18 ). (pnas.org)
- Protein-tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 12 (PTP-PEST, also known as PTPN12) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine phosphatase that regulates fibroblast cell motility and Rho GTPase activity, and recent work has suggested that PTP-PEST acts on a junctional target to mediate its effects. (biologists.org)
- Interestingly, deletion of one CXC domain resulted in an increased cytoplasmic localization. (embl-heidelberg.de)
- Point mutations (C525Y and C611Y) in conserved cysteine residues of CXC domain that abolish DNA binding activity also increased cytoplasmic localization. (embl-heidelberg.de)
- Activation of the Frizzled receptor by a Wnt ligand results in the deactivation of the destruction complex through LRP6/Arrow and the cytoplasmic protein Dishevelled. (genetics.org)
- One means of regulating adhesion is through the juxtamembrane domain of the cadherin cytoplasmic tail. (nih.gov)
- We have recently found a fourth Twist target, which encodes a homolog of the mammalian cytoplasmic protein Traf4, that is involved in the formation of the ventral furrow ( 50 ). (asm.org)
- In most cases, these domains exhibit a common molecular organization, in that one or several transmembrane proteins are linked by their intracellular tails to cytoplasmic proteins. (sciencemag.org)
Family of proteins2
- Furthermore, this sub-family of proteins may also regulate cell functions directly influenced by intercellular junctions, including the strength of cell adhesion and the ability of cells to migrate. (elsevier.com)
- ARMCX3 belongs to the ALEX family of proteins and contains a potential N-terminal transmembrane domain and a single Armadillo (arm) repeat. (abcam.com)
- Search, Find and Buy Antibodies, ELISA Kits and Proteins. (antibodies-online.com)
- Additionally we are shipping ARMCX2 Antibodies (31) and ARMCX2 Proteins (3) and many more products for this protein. (antibodies-online.com)
- Monoclonal antibodies to Kaiso had been generated and utilized to immunolocalize hSPRY2 the proteins and confirm the specificity from the p120-Kaiso discussion in mammalian cells. (sns-314.org)
- With its history as an original manufacturer, Abcepta has a deep and practical understanding of the production process for antibodies, peptides, and recombinant proteins. (abcepta.com)
- In this paper, we have focused on the potential roles of plakoglobin during tumorigenesis and metastasis in an attempt to define how this often overlooked protein contributes to these complex processes. (hindawi.com)
- Plakoglobin was initially identified as an 83 kDa protein component of the desmosomal plaque [ 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
- 12 ] demonstrated that this 83 kDa protein was present in both desmosomes and the adherens junction and was given the name plakoglobin. (hindawi.com)
- Although plakoglobin was identified as a junctional protein, the role that it played in these junctional complexes was unclear, and the partners with which plakoglobin interacted were not identified. (hindawi.com)
- Protein interaction studies revealed that p0071 bound to the first 160 amino-terminal residues of desmoplakin and also interacted directly with plakoglobin, suggesting that p0071 may regulate desmosome assembly by controlling plakoglobin availability. (elsevier.com)
- Immunohistology of myocardium reveals reduced plakoglobin signal at intercalated disks, independently of the mutated protein or the site of endomyocardial biopsy. (clinicaladvisor.com)
- Sterols are particularly important for PM integrity, and loss of the sterol carrier oxysterol homology proteins leads to defects in endocytosis ( Beh and Rine, 2004 ). (rupress.org)
- These findings suggest that mDia1 and WAVE2 are important Src homology 3 domain partners of IRSp53 in forming filopodia. (labome.org)
- In the homology model generated for ZoCDPK1, the regulatory domain mimics the crystal structure of the regulatory domain in Arabidopsis CDPK1. (frontiersin.org)
- SAV4 encodes an unknown protein with armadillo repeat- and tetratricopeptide repeat-like domains known to provide protein-protein interaction surfaces. (plantphysiol.org)
- Arabidopsis TSO1 encodes a protein with conserved CXC domains known to bind DNA and is homologous to animal proteins that function in chromatin complexes. (embl-heidelberg.de)
- An armadillo-domain protein participates in a telomerase interaction network. (nih.gov)
- Crystal structure of the N-terminal domain of human Timeless and its interaction with Tipin. (ebi.ac.uk)
- PKA enzyme is targeted to specific cellular organelles or membranes through interaction with A-kinase anchor proteins (AKAPs). (portlandpress.com)
- We identified several protein families that may be relevant to the study of Plasmodium -mosquito interaction. (biomedcentral.com)
- CAPRI identifies more than 3000 RNA proximal peptides in Drosophila and human proteins with more than 45% of them forming new interaction interfaces. (nature.com)
- Our integration of RBD discovery by CAPRI with FA- and UV-mediated interactome capture provides the basis for a more complete understanding of the metazoan RNA-protein interaction network. (nature.com)
- Furthermore, the direct interaction of ZoCDPK1 and ZoIMPα proteins was studied by the yeast 2-hybrid (Y2H) system, which confirmed that junction domain (JD) is an important interaction module required for ZoCDPK1 and ZoIMPα binding. (frontiersin.org)
- Protein-protein interaction studies demonstrate that the SAM domains are necessary and sufficient to mediate SARM-SARM binding. (jneurosci.org)
- In the conventional model of heterotrimeric G-protein activation, the ligand/7TM receptor interaction catalyzes guanine nucleotide exchange on the Gβγ-complexed (and GDP-bound) Gα subunit (Fig. 1 ). (ijbs.com)
- Therefore, an understanding of the protein composition of the PSD is a prerequisite for modeling the molecular interactions regulating synaptic strength. (mcponline.org)
- Molecular docking simulation of importin (ZoIMPα), an important protein involved in nuclear translocation, into the NLS of ZoCDPK1 was well-visualized. (frontiersin.org)
- It remains an open question whether Ric-8 has dual functions in cells and regulates G proteins as both a molecular chaperone and GEF. (aspetjournals.org)
- This minireview will chronicle the understanding of Ric-8 function, provide a comparative discussion of the Ric-8 molecular chaperoning and GEF activities, and support the case for why Ric-8 proteins should be considered potential targets for development of new therapies. (aspetjournals.org)
Peptides and Proteins4
- Choose from our SARM1 Peptides and Proteins. (novusbio.com)
- Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (harvard.edu)
- This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins" was a major or minor topic of these publication. (harvard.edu)
- Below are the most recent publications written about "Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins" by people in Profiles. (harvard.edu)
- Note that the 'protein existence' evidence does not give information on the accuracy or correctness of the sequence(s) displayed. (uniprot.org)
- Clusters of 10 bp of sequence, similar to the binding sites for Drosophila proteins containing homeodomains, were found in the region from -127 to -413. (sdbonline.org)
- Most FAP patients carry one allelic APC mutation in the 5′ half of the coding sequence, which usually causes chain termination and results in the expression of truncated proteins. (rupress.org)
- In proteins, a "repeat" is any sequence block that returns more than one time in the sequence, either in an identical or a highly similar form. (wikipedia.org)
- Domain organization of OsPUB41 and Multiple Sequence Alignment with other plant E3 ubiquitin ligases depicting the conserved residues. (figshare.com)
- Ten different plant U-box domain containing proteins (PUBs) from different species from this list (first ten) were chosen for multiple sequence alignment (MSA). (figshare.com)
- ZoCDPK1, with signature features of a typical Ca 2+ regulated kinase, also possesses a bipartite nuclear localization sequence (NLS) in its junction domain (JD). (frontiersin.org)
- Chen, C.Y. and Brodsky, F.M. Huntingtin-interacting protein 1 (Hip1) and Hip1-related protein (Hip1R) bind the conserved sequence of clathrin light chains and thereby influence clathrin assembly in vitro and actin distribution in vivo. (springer.com)
- DNA-binding protein that binds to the 5'GNNTGTNG-3' core sequence. (string-db.org)
- Ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation is a universal mechanism to regulate many biological processes by eliminating rate-limiting enzymes and key components such as transcription factors. (plantphysiol.org)
- The TLR adaptor molecule, Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor inducing IFN (TRIF), facilitates TLR3 and TLR4 signaling and concomitant activation of the transcription factors, NF-κB and IFN regulatory factor 3, leading to proinflammatory cytokine production. (jimmunol.org)
- Interacts with protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) (Potential). (genecards.org)
- Taken together, our findings indicate that hepaCAM is partially localized in the lipid rafts/caveolae and interacts with Cav-1 through its first immunoglobulin domain. (labome.org)
- Benmerah, A., Begue, B., Dautry-Varsat, A. and Cerf-Bensussan, N. The ear of alphaadaptin interacts with the COOH-terminal domain of the Eps 15 protein. (springer.com)
- This new function of DVL-1 in controlling microtubule stability may have important implications for Dishevelled proteins in regulating cell polarity (Krylova, 2000). (sdbonline.org)
- Here, we focus on some of the best-studied junctions and membrane-associated protein complexes and their relation to cell polarity. (sciencemag.org)
- Because these local changes in the lacZ expression depend on the homeodomain protein binding region, unidentified homeodomain proteins are probably involved. (sdbonline.org)
- abstract = "Repeat proteins have considerable potential for use as modular binding reagents or biomaterials in biomedical and nanotechnology applications. (bris.ac.uk)
- To gain a better understanding of the composition, function, and regulation of PP4, we systematically analyzed mammalian and yeast PP4C-interacting proteins. (mcponline.org)
- The genetic interactions between armadillo and abelson point to a possible role for the tyrosine kinase Abelson in cell-cell adhesive junctions in both the CNS and the epidermis. (nih.gov)
- PIKK phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related kinases, Tel2 TELO2, TTI1 TELO2-interacting protein 1, TTI2 TELO2-interacting protein 2, Hsp90 heat-shock protein 90. (springer.com)
- The protein leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a key player in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). (springer.com)
- Protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated signaling is a key regulator of brain function. (portlandpress.com)
- LRRK2 mutations are clustered within the enzymatic core of the protein, with disease-segregating mutations in the ROC/GTPase (R1441C/H/G and N1437H), COR (Y1699C) and kinase (G2019S and I2020T) domains. (portlandpress.com)
- identified a third TOR complex, TbTORC4, containing the kinase TbTOR4, TbLST8 (a component common to all known TOR complexes), and TbArmtor ( T. brucei Armadillo-containing TOR-interacting protein), a protein with an Armadillo domain that is unique to this TOR complex. (sciencemag.org)
- Using traumatic injury as a model, we systematically investigate mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) families and delineate a MAPK cascade that represents the early degenerative response to axonal injury. (umassmed.edu)
- In the present study, we defined, curated, and compared the protein kinase complements (kinomes) of Trichinella spiralis and T. pseudospiralis using an integrated bioinformatic workflow employing transcriptomic and genomic data sets. (g3journal.org)
- Furthermore, we utilized in silico structural modeling to discover and characterize a novel, MOS-like kinase with an unusual, previously undescribed N-terminal domain. (g3journal.org)
- Tolerance-mediated dysregulation of the TLR4-TRIF-TBK1 signaling module was accompanied by increased levels of suppressor of IkappaB kinase-epsilon (SIKE) and sterile alpha and Armadillo motif-containing molecule (SARM). (umassmed.edu)
- LPS-tolerant cells showed increased expression of negative regulators Toll-interacting protein (Tollip), suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1, IL-1R-associated kinase-M, and SHIP-1, which correlated with reduced p38 phosphorylation, IkappaB-alpha degradation, and inhibited expression of TNF-alpha, IL-6, and IL-8. (umassmed.edu)
- Tetraacyldisaccharide-1-P 4'-kinase family protein. (go.jp)
- Traf4 acts in a TNF receptor- and Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK)-independent manner to fine-tune the assembly of adherens junctions in the invaginating mesodermal cells. (asm.org)
- Both Imp1p and Cut15p are required for the efficient nuclear import of both an SV40 nuclear localization signal-containing reporter protein and the Pap1p component of the stress response MAP kinase pathway. (genetics.org)
- The helical domain of phosphoinositide 3-kinase. (embl.de)
- Endocytosis and the sorting of vesicles to lysosomes (vacuoles in yeast) is the major pathway by which transmembrane proteins are down-regulated. (rupress.org)
- Our crystallographic and NMR studies also suggest that the unstructured N-terminal and C-terminal tails interact with the ordered armadillo repeat domain in a dynamic and variable manner. (rcsb.org)
- These results suggest that p120ctn/plakophilin family proteins interact with intercellular junction binding partners to differentially modulate the adhesive and migratory behavior of epithelial cells. (elsevier.com)
- However, proteins which interact with polyA+ RNA indirectly have not been probed on a systematic level until now. (nature.com)
- Traf4 and Armadillo interact with each other physically and functionally. (asm.org)
- mDia1 and WAVE2 proteins interact directly with IRSp53 in filopodia and are involved in filopodium formation. (labome.org)
- Cellulose synthase-interactive protein 1 (CSI1) was identified in a two-hybrid screen for proteins that interact with cellulose synthase (CESA) isoforms involved in primary plant cell wall synthesis. (swarthmore.edu)
- The observation that all segregating mutations increase LRRK2 cellular activity towards its physiological substrates (LRRK2 itself and Rab proteins) [ 4 , 5 ] and equally impair LRRK2-dependent cellular processes, such as clearance of Golgi-derived vesicles [ 6 ], suggests that LRRK2 signaling cascades are probably in the same way affected by mutations. (portlandpress.com)
- Signaling activity resides in the central domain of the protein, a part of the molecule that is missing in most of the truncating APC mutations in colon cancer. (rupress.org)
- Genetic evaluation may reveal either recessive or dominant mutations in desmosomal proteins ( Figure 5 , Figure 6 ). (clinicaladvisor.com)
- E2F and DP proteins cooperate and bind to the potential E2F sites in the PCNA promoter in vitro. (sdbonline.org)
- The COOH-terminal third of the APC protein contains a basic region and has recently been shown to bind the human homologue of the Drosophila disc large (Dlg) tumor suppressor protein ( 23 ) and a novel protein EB1 ( 52 ). (rupress.org)
- Even if these domains are perfectly capable of folding on their own, some of them might bind together and assume a rigidly fixed orientation in the full protein. (wikipedia.org)
- Axin, thought to act as a scaffolding protein in the complex, can bind directly to βcat, APC, GSK-3β, and Dishevelled and is thought to promote interactions within the complex (reviewed in Cadigan and Peifer 2009 ). (genetics.org)
- SARM mutants lacking a TIR domain bind full-length SARM and exhibit strong dominant-negative activity. (jneurosci.org)
- Ric-8 proteins also preferentially bind wild-type or GDP-bound G α subunits over constitutively active mutant (e.g. (aspetjournals.org)
- Reversible protein phosphorylation is a highly conserved, essential regulatory mechanism involved in a host of cellular processes. (mcponline.org)
- Within the much larger PPP class, a common catalytic domain (of 280 aa) is highly conserved, whereas the N and C termini are more divergent and further separate the PPP proteins into subfamilies. (mcponline.org)
- Moreover, we predict several features of this state by monitoring the intracellular gating residues, the extent of hydration, and, most importantly, protein-ligand interactions in the central binding site. (nih.gov)
- Leucine-rich repeat 2 containing protein. (go.jp)
- The cellular localization and function of the mouse Dishevelled protein, DVL-1, has been examined. (sdbonline.org)
- Recently, a p120-related Armadillo repeat protein, plakophilin 2, was localized to both cell junctions and the nucleus (42), indicating that this duality of function and subcellular localization may be applicable to other Armadillo family proteins. (sns-314.org)
- p120 localizes to adherens junctions, but its localization there is less universal than that of core adherens junction proteins. (nih.gov)
- We next compared the localization of p120 at different developmental stages to that of the core AJ protein Arm. (nih.gov)
- However, the study was of PSDs from a subset of whole brain, and no attempt was made to confirm the localization of these proteins by independent means. (mcponline.org)
- We show that Traf4 is required for efficient apical constriction during ventral furrow formation and for proper localization of Armadillo to the apical position in constricting cells. (asm.org)
- The heterotrimeric G protein, defined by its alpha-subunit Concertina, contributes to the localization and activation of RhoGEF2 ( 37 ). (asm.org)
- This domain identifies a group of proteins, which are described as: General vesicular transport factor, Transcytosis associated protein (TAP) or Vesicle docking protein, this myosin-shaped molecule consists of an N-terminal globular head region, a coiled-coil tail which mediates dimerisation, and a short C-terminal acidic region [ PMID: 11927603 ]. (ebi.ac.uk)
- Using armadillo alleles that selectively inactivate the cell adhesion or the Wingless signaling functions of Armadillo, we found that Armadillo had two sequential roles in neural development. (nih.gov)
- Later in development, disruption of the cell-cell adhesion function of Armadillo resulted in subtle defects in the construction of the axonal scaffold. (nih.gov)
- Several cell adhesion proteins have been identified at synapses where they are implicated in forming and/or maintaining synaptic junctions ( 11 , 12 ). (pnas.org)
- These domains mediate cell-cell adhesion by forming elaborate junctions visible under the electron microscope. (sciencemag.org)
- Curvature of designed armadillo repeat proteins allows modular peptide binding. (uzh.ch)
- Structure and Energetic Contributions of a Designed Modular Peptide-Binding Protein with Picomolar Affinity. (uzh.ch)
- Computationally Designed Armadillo Repeat Proteins for Modular Peptide Recognition. (uzh.ch)
- Modular peptide binding: from a comparison of natural binders to designed armadillo repeat proteins. (uzh.ch)
- Designed armadillo repeat proteins: library generation, characterization and selection of Peptide binders with high specificity. (uzh.ch)
- In the case of BRCA1 (and MDC1), the peptide-binding groove lies in a cleft formed by the junction of the two domains. (wikipedia.org)
- Each SARM1 Peptide and SARM1 Protein is fully covered by our Guarantee+, to give you complete peace of mind and the support when you need it. (novusbio.com)
- Here, we introduce CAPRI (Crosslinked and Adjacent Peptides-based RNA-binding domain Identification), a technique which enhances RBD discovery by simultaneously identifying both crosslinked peptides (in the immediate vicinity of the RNA-protein interface) and adjacent peptides (next to the crosslinked peptide) from the same sample. (nature.com)
- Intracellular signaling peptide and proteins may be part of an enzymatic signaling cascade or act through binding to and modifying the action of other signaling factors. (harvard.edu)
- Whenever a linear solenoid domain structure participates in protein-protein interactions, frequently at least 3 or more repetitive subunits form the ligand-binding sites. (wikipedia.org)
- and 9 ), but whether these proteins represent bona fide regulatory subunits or phosphatase substrates and how these binding proteins may affect PP4 activity are unclear. (mcponline.org)
- Resistance to inhibitors of cholinesterase (Ric-8) proteins are ∼60-kDa positive regulators of heterotrimeric G protein α subunits found in animals and some fungi. (aspetjournals.org)
- G α i 1 Q204L) or GTP-bound G α subunits, prompting investigation of Ric-8 influence on G protein guanine nucleotide-cycle kinetics. (aspetjournals.org)
- In 1996, we and others identified a superfamily of "regulator of G-protein signaling" (RGS) proteins that accelerate the rate of GTP hydrolysis by Gα subunits (dubbed GTPase-accelerating protein or "GAP" activity). (ijbs.com)
- Human ARMCX2 partial ORF ( NP_055597, 508 a.a. - 599 a.a.) recombinant protein with GST-tag at N-terminal. (abnova.com)
- Like additional POZ-ZF proteins, Kaiso localized towards the was and nucleus connected with particular nuclear dots. (sns-314.org)
- Like other importin-α family members, Imp1p supports nuclear protein import in vitro . (genetics.org)
- In all eukaryotes, the receptor-mediated transport of nuclear proteins across the NE from their site of synthesis in the cytoplasm is essential for all nuclear processes. (genetics.org)
- The importin-β subunit of both of these types of transport complex targets them to the NE by binding to proteins at the nuclear pore complex (reviewed in G orlich and K utay 1999 ). (genetics.org)
- MIF4G domain-like, found in eukaryotic initiation factor eIF4G, translation initiation factor eIF-2b epsilon and nuclear cap-binding protein CBP80. (embl.de)
- Membrane-localized SAV4 displays a polar association with the shootward plasma membrane domain in hypocotyl and root cells, which appears to be necessary for its function in hypocotyl elongation. (plantphysiol.org)
- To gain more insight into the biological function of this protein, we monitored the changes in the expression profiles of SH-SY5Y cells, a dopaminergic neuroblastoma cell line, induced by a depletion of LRRK2 levels by RNA interference (RNAi) with Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0 microarrays. (springer.com)
- These possibilities were tested by expressing exogenous p0071 in A431 epithelial cells and monitoring the effects on adhesive junction assembly in comparison to other closely related armadillo family proteins. (elsevier.com)
- Siglec-E mediates its inhibitory effects on TIR domain containing adaptor inducing IFN-β (TRIF)-dependent cytokine production via recruitment of the serine/threonine phosphatase SHP2 and subsequent inhibition of TBK1 activity as evidenced by enhanced TBK1 phosphorylation in cells following knockdown of Siglec-E expression. (jimmunol.org)
- Thus, F-actin, which is normally concentrated apically in constricting cells, is distributed over a much wider membrane domain in embryos lacking Abl, and this correlates with apical constrictions being irregular and too slow ( 19 ). (asm.org)
- The polarized nature of epithelial cells is manifested by the nonrandom partitioning of organelles within the cells, the concentration of intercellular junctions at one pole, and the asymmetric distribution of proteins and lipids within the plasma membrane. (sciencemag.org)
- and the basolateral domain, which is in contact with neighboring cells or a basal substratum. (sciencemag.org)
- In Drosophila epithelial cells, the septate junction (SJ) lies basal to the ZA and forms a region of close membrane contacts that extends over large parts of the lateral plasma membrane domain. (sciencemag.org)
- For example, although epithelial cells in Drosophila do not develop TJs, a distinct region apical to the ZA, the subapical region (SAR), harbors protein complexes that colocalize with tight junctions in vertebrate cells. (sciencemag.org)
- To avoid the toxic effects of both essential and nonessential metal ions, cells elaborate a variety of metal ion trafficking proteins that regulate metal ion. (molecularstation.com)
- This makes Schizosaccharomyces pombe an excellent experimental system in which to investigate the specialized roles of multiple importin-α proteins in eukaryotic cells. (genetics.org)
- Violin plots show distribution of expression levels for TIR domain-containing protein (SMED30021281) in cells (dots) of each of the 12 neoblast clusters. (stowers.org)
- Expression of TIR domain-containing protein (SMED30021281) in the t-SNE clustered sub-lethally irradiated X1 and X2 cells. (stowers.org)
- Violin plots show distribution of expression levels for TIR domain-containing protein (SMED30021281) in cells (dots) of each of the 10 clusters of sub-leathally irradiated X1 and X2 cells. (stowers.org)
- Increasingly, regulators specific to TIR domain containing adaptor inducing IFN-β (TRIF)-dependent signaling have been identified, for example sterile α-and armadillo-motif containing protein (SARM) 4 ( 6 ), Ro52 ( 7 ), and TRAM adaptor with GOLD domain ( 8 ). (jimmunol.org)
- In contrast, mutation of either the SAM (sterile α motif) or TIR (Toll-interleukin-1 receptor) domains abolishes the ability of SARM to promote axonal degeneration, while a SARM mutant containing only these domains elicits axon degeneration and nonapoptotic neuronal death even in the absence of injury. (jneurosci.org)
- InterPro  analysis revealed that OsPUB41 protein has an N-terminal U-box domain and an armadillo type fold (A). BLAST search for OsPUB41 (LOC_Os03g13740) revealed a list of homologous proteins from various plant species. (figshare.com)
- C terminally yellow fluorescent protein-tagged SAV4 localizes to both the plasma membrane and the nucleus. (plantphysiol.org)
- Single-pass membrane protein Potential. (avivasysbio.com)
- A plethora of molecules contribute to the formation of spatially and functionally distinct domains in the plasma membrane and the membrane-associated cytoskeleton. (sciencemag.org)
- p>When browsing through different UniProt proteins, you can use the 'basket' to save them, so that you can back to find or analyse them later. (uniprot.org)
- It has since been identified in over 240 different proteins of diverse cellular function from yeast to man. (cellsignal.com)
- Both the mono-partite SV40 and the bipartite nucleoplasmin NLS are competent to direct cargo proteins to the nucleus in fission yeast, budding yeast, and other organisms (reviewed in Y oshida and S azer 2004 ). (genetics.org)
- The analysis resulted in the identification of 1,261 proteins, 84 of which showed statistically significant differential expression, reinforcing previous data supporting the involvement of the immune system, calcium homeostasis, cytoskeleton assembly, and energy metabolism in schizophrenia. (genes2cognition.org)
- We previously described the Trypanin family of cytoskeleton-associated proteins that have been implicated in dynein regulation [Hill et al. (molecularstation.com)
- Bennett, E.M., Chen, C.Y., Engqvist-Goldstein, A.E., Drubin, D.G. and Brodsky, F.M. Clathrin hub expression dissociates the actin-binding protein Hip1R from coated pits and disrupts their alignment with the actin cytoskeleton. (springer.com)
- Using in vivo crosslinking and RNA capture, we report a comprehensive RNA-protein interactome in a metazoan at four levels of resolution: single amino acids, domains, proteins and multisubunit complexes. (nature.com)
- p0071 is an armadillo family protein related to both the adherens junction protein p120ctn and to the desmosomal proteins plakophilins 1-3. (elsevier.com)
- In addition to identifying most previously described PSD components, we also detected proteins involved in signaling to the nucleus as well as regulators of ADP-ribosylation factor signaling, ubiquitination, RNA trafficking, and protein translation. (mcponline.org)
- These factors include the components of adherens junctions (such as E-cadherin and the catenins), a heterotrimeric G protein, and the cytoskeletal regulators RhoGEF2, Abl, and Ena ( 5 , 19 , 28 , 37 , 58 ). (asm.org)
- Here, we review more recent discoveries that have highlighted newly-appreciated roles for RGS proteins beyond mere negative regulators of 7TM signaling. (ijbs.com)