A plant family of the order Aristolochiales subclass Magnoliidae class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly tropical woody vines and a few temperate-zone species. The flowers are 3-parted; some species lack petals while others are large and foul smelling.
A plant genus of the family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. Species of this genus have been used in traditional medicine but they contain aristolochic acid which is associated with nephropathy. These are sometimes called 'snakeroot' but that name is also used with a number of other plants such as POLYGALA; SANICULA; ASARUM; ARISTOLOCHIA; AGERATINA; and others.
The reproductive organs of plants.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
A family of biting midges, in the order DIPTERA. It includes the genus Culicoides which transmits filarial parasites pathogenic to man and other primates.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are evergreen trees mainly in temperate climates.
Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A form of chronic interstitial nephritis that is endemic to limited areas of BULGARIA, the former YUGOSLAVIA, and ROMANIA. It is characterized by a progressive shrinking of the KIDNEYS that is often associated with uroepithelial tumors.
A subdiscipline of human genetics which entails the reliable prediction of certain human disorders as a function of the lineage and/or genetic makeup of an individual or of any two parents or potential parents.
A plant genus of the family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE which was used medicinally by North American Indians. The common name of 'snakeroot' is also used for many other plants, including SANICULA; or ARISTOLOCHIA; or Polygala.
The geographic area of the southeastern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not included. The states usually included in this region are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, and Virginia.
Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. The germacranolide sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, and costunolide diepoxide have been isolated from the leaves. Bark contains honokiol and magnolol. Parts are an ingredient of Banxia Houpo Tang.
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. Members include hardwood trees of eastern North America with distinct large tuliplike flowers.
A plant family of the order Magnoliales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are trees and shrubs having an elongated conelike floral axis with fragrant flowers that have six tepals (sepals and petals that are not distinctly different) and many spirally arranged stamens.
A family of flowering plants in the order Piperales best known for the black pepper widely used in SPICES, and for KAVA and Betel used for neuroactive properties.
The sour gum plant family of the order Nymphaeales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. All have horizontal or hanging branches and broad alternate leaves, and they are dioecious (male and female flowers on different plants).
A class of dibenzylbutane derivatives which occurs in higher plants and in fluids (bile, serum, urine, etc.) in man and other animals. These compounds, which have a potential anti-cancer role, can be synthesized in vitro by human fecal flora. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
A plant genus of the family NYMPHAEACEAE. The common name of lotus is also used for LOTUS and NELUMBO.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are coniferous evergreen trees with long, flat, spirally arranged needles that grow directly from the branch.
Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.
A sac or recess formed by a fold of the peritoneum.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
SESQUITERPENES cyclized into two adjoining rings, one being 7-carbons and the other is 5-carbons.
A group of TETRAHYDRONAPHTHALENES containing a keto oxygen.
Thirteen-carbon butene cyclohexene degradation products formed by the cleavage of CAROTENOIDS. They contribute to the flavor of some FRUIT. Ionone should not be confused with the similarly named ionol.
Cyclic esters of hydroxy carboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure. Large cyclic lactones of over a dozen atoms are MACROLIDES.
Compounds with triple bonds to each side of a double bond. Many of these are CYTOTOXINS and are researched for use as CYTOTOXIC ANTIBIOTICS.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. Members contain 8-oxopolyalthiaine.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Some species were reclassified from CASSIA and Senna.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
An order of gram-positive bacteria in the class Bacilli, phylum Firmicutes.

Antiplasmodial activity of aryltetralone lignans from Holostylis reniformis. (1/3)

Extracts from Holostylis reniformis were tested in vivo against Plasmodium berghei and in vitro against a chloroquine-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum. The hexane extract of the roots was the most active, causing 67% reduction of parasitemia in vivo. From this extract, six lignans, including a new (7'R,8S,8'S)-3',4'-methylenedioxy-4,5-dimethoxy-2,7'-cyclolignan-7-one, were isolated and tested in vitro against P. falciparum. The three most active lignans showed 50% inhibitor concentrations of < or =0.32 microM. An evaluation of minimum lethal dose (30%) values showed low toxicity for these lignans in a hepatic cell line (Hep G2A16). Therefore, these compounds are potential candidates for the development of antimalarial drugs.  (+info)

The shape of things to come: woodland herb niche contraction begins during recruitment in mesic forest microhabitat. (2/3)

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4,5-seco-guaiane and a nine-membered sesquiterpene lactone from Holostylis reniformis. (3/3)

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Root extracts of Holostylis reniformis (Aristolochiaceae) yielded three new natural sesquiterpenes, a sesquiterpene with an unusual carbon skeleton, 4,5-seco-guaiane (7-epi-11-hydroxychabrolidione A, 1), a nine-membered lactone with new carbon skeleton (holostylactone, 2), and a new megastigmane [(6S,7E)-6,9-dihydroxy-10-(2-hydroxy-ethoxy)-4,7-megastigmadien-3-one, 3], together with bulnesol and sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside. The structures of these compounds were determined by spectroscopic analyses and B3LYP/STO-3G** theoretical studies.
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Read Genetic diversity of a rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai, Russian Journal of Genetics on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Abstract: Asarum, commonly known as wild ginger, heartleaves, or little brown jugs, is a genus belonging to the family Aristolochiaceae. Asarum exhibits a Laurasian distribution, with species in Europe, Asia, and North America. Of particular interest to this study is the genus Hexastylis. Recent studies showed that Hexastylis is rooted within Asarum and suggested to be paraphyletic, but failed to adequately examine relationships within this southeastern United States complex of species. The genus, as currently understood, consists of nine species and four varieties. Pollen was examined for all currently recognized Hexastylis taxa. Although pollen analysis showed similar surface features for most taxa, some variation in morphology became visible under increased magnification. One species, Hexastylis naniflora lacked some surface features present in the other taxa. There is currently no robust molecular analysis of relationships within the genus. Three chloroplast regions were sequenced to resolve ...
Though this species is inconspicuous and rarely encountered unless actively sought, it is included here because of three fascinating ecological stories. One story is its pollination. Most pipevines are pollinated by deceiving insects into visiting the flowers; no reward is available. Usually the flowers smell like carrion or dung to attract insects that are seeking a place to lay eggs. The story of our species is even more remarkable. It is pollinated by Ceratopogonid flies; these are the small, blood-sucking flies that pester humans and other mammals in the humid summer. The flowers of Aristolochia watsonii resemble a mouse s ear translucent funnels with fur and veins and give off a musty odor. The fly apparently expects to find a blood meal, and instead is trapped inside the flower tube overnight. During the night the flower releases pollen. The following morning the flower releases the pollen-covered fly. If the fly visits another flower it effects pollination.. All pipevines contain a ...
Some people react badly to certain foods and these reactions are broadly divided into allergies and intolerances. For allergy sufferers their body will react
Effect of Fumigation on Rotylenchulus reniformis Population Density Through Subsurface Drip Irrigation Located Every Other Furrow
Photo/image Birthwort (Aristolochia clematitis), Family: Aristolochiaceae. Location Hobro, Jylland, Danmark (Cultiv). Photographer: JC Schou, Photoid 47725
Buchwalder, K., Samain, M.-S., Sankowsky, G., Neinhuis, C., & Wanke, S. 2014. Nomenclatural updates of Aristolochia subgenus Pararistolochia (Aristolochiaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 27 (1): 48-55. doi: 10.1071/SB13042 reference page ...
You might recognize this as an amazingly large-flowered specimen of the group of vines known as Dutchmans pipes, or birthworts, genus Aristolochia, often grown in gardens, and with native species occurring in much of North America and the tropics. This giant-flowered species is ARISTOLOCHIA GRANDIFLORA, commonly called Brazilian Dutchmans Pipe or Giant Pelican Flower. Its a member of the Dutchmans Pipe or Birthwort Family, the Aristolochiaceae, native to Central and South America, but planted in the tropics and subtropics worldwide. Instead of the flowers consisting of the usual calyx and corolla, they produce a corolla-like calyx, or perianth. The perianths unusual U-shaped tubes helps the flower with its pollination. The blossoms strong fragrance entice insects, mostly flies, to enter the yellow opening, and descend the tube. In the above picture you can see that the tube constricts at its bottom, then opens into a larger chamber. This makes it harder for the pollinator to find the way ...
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally ...
A quantitative PCR procedure targeting the ?-tubulin gene determined the number of Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira 1940 in metagenomic DNA samples isolated from soil. Of note, this outcome was in the presence ...
A quantitative PCR procedure targeting the ?-tubulin gene determined the number of Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira 1940 in metagenomic DNA samples isolated from soil. Of note, this outcome was in the presence ...
Apt W Jr. 1976. Survival of reniform nematode in desiccated soils. Journal of Nematology 8: 278 (Abstract).. Apt W J, Caswell EP. 1988. Application of nematicides via drip irrigation. Annals of Applied Nematology 2: 1-10.. Ayala A, Ramirez CT. 1964. Host-range, distribution, and bibliography of the reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, with special reference to Puerto Rico. Journal of Agriculture of University of Puerto Rico 48: 140-160.. Balasubramanian P, Ramakrishnan C. 1983. Resistance to the reniform nematode Rotylenchulus reniformis in tomato. Nematologia Mediterranea 11: 203-204.. Caswell EP, deFrank J, Apt WJ, Tang C-S. 1991. Influence of nonhost plants on population decline of Rotylenchulus reniformis. Journal of Nematology 23: 91-98.. Inserra RN, Dunn RA, McSorley R, Langdon KR, Richmer AY. 1989. Weed hosts of Rotylenchulus reniformis in ornamental nurseries of southern Florida. Nematology Circular No. 171. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of ...
Larvae of the butterfly, Battus polydamas archidamas (Papilionidae: Troidini) feed exclusively on aristolochic acid (AAs)-containing Aristolochia species (Aristolochiaceae). The distribution of sequestrated AAs in the tissues (body, integument...
Nine-membered enediyne antitumor antibiotics C-1027, neocarzinostatin (NCS), and kedarcidin (KED) possess enediyne cores to which activity-modulating peripheral moieties are attached via (R)- or (S)-vicinal diols. We have previously shown that this stereochemical difference arises from hydrolysis of epoxide precursors by epoxide hydrolases (EHs) with different regioselectivities. The inverting EHs, such as SgcF, hydrolyze an (S)-epoxide substrate to yield an (R)-diol in C-1027 biosynthesis, whereas the retaining EHs, such as NcsF2 and KedF, hydrolyze an (S)-epoxide substrate to yield an (S)-diol in NCS and KED biosynthesis. We now report the characterization of a series of EH mutants and provide a predictive model for EH regioselectivity in the biosynthesis of the nine-membered enediyne antitumor antibiotics. A W236Y mutation in SgcF increased the retaining activity toward (S)-styrene oxide by 3-fold, and a W236Y/Q237M double mutation in SgcF, mimicking NcsF2 and KedF, resulted in a 20-fold ...
Published on the web: April 12, 2005. Abstract. Tagitinin A (2), a known 3,10-epoxy-germacrolide-6,7-trans-lactone isolated from Tithonia diversifolia, was investigated by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. It was found to have a 1β,4α,6α,7β,8β relative configuration which differed at C(1) from the 1α-orientation originally reported in the literature which was determined by Horeaus Rule. Analysis of the 1H NMR spectrum of 2 shows the molecule to maintain its crystallographically observed twist-chair-boat (TCB) nine-membered ring conformation in acetone-d6 solution. The twist-chair-boat/skew-chair-boat type 3 conformations of saturated/unsaturated nine-membered rings within 3,10-epoxy-germacrolides can be interconverted to the skew-chair-chair (SCC) conformation by means of a C(9) ring atom flip mechanism. As a result of this conformational change, the orientation of the C(1) atom and the C(8)-oxycarbonyl moiety are transformed from diequatorial to diaxial. The reported ...
Marine sponges are a rich source of natural bioactive compounds. One of the most abundant valuable products is collagen/gelatin, and therefore, presents an interesting alternative source for pharmaceutical and biomedical applications. We have previously proposed an innovative green technology for the extraction of collagen/gelatin from marine sponges based in water acidified with carbon dioxide. In this work, we have optimized the process operating conditions towards high yields and collagen quality as well as to reduce extraction procedure duration and energy consumption. The process extraction efficiency is higher than 50%, corresponding to a yield of approximately 10% of the sponge dry mass, obtained for mild operating conditions 10 bars and 3h. The extracted material was characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Rheology, Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Circular Dichroism (CD), Aminoacid Analysis and SDS-PAGE. The extracts were found to be composed of highly pure ...
Collagen is a natural and abundant polymer that serves multiple functions in both invertebrates and vertebrates. As collagen is the natural scaffolding for cells, collagen-based hydrogels are regarded as ideal materials for tissue engineering applications since they can mimic the natural cellular microenvironment. Chondrosia reniformis is a marine demosponge particularly rich in collagen, characterized by the presence of labile interfibrillar crosslinks similarly to those described in the mutable collagenous tissues (MCTs) of echinoderms. As a result single fibrils can be isolated using calcium-chelating and disulphide-reducing chemicals. In the present work we firstly describe a new extraction method that directly produces a highly hydrated hydrogel with interesting self-healing properties. The materials obtained were then biochemically and rheologically characterized. Our investigation has shown that the developed extraction procedure is able to extract collagen as well as other proteins and
The wild animals most sacred to Mars were the woodpecker, the wolf, and the bear, which in the natural lore of the Romans were said always to inhabit the same foothills and woodlands.[34]. Plutarch notes that the woodpecker (picus) is sacred to Mars because it is a courageous and spirited bird and has a beak so strong that it can overturn oaks by pecking them until it has reached the inmost part of the tree.[35] As the beak of the picus Martius contained the gods power to ward off harm, it was carried as a magic charm to prevent bee stings and leech bites.[36] The bird of Mars also guarded a woodland herb (paeonia) used for treatment of the digestive or female reproductive systems; those who sought to harvest it were advised to do so by night, lest the woodpecker jab out their eyes.[37] The picus Martius seems to have been a particular species, but authorities differ on which one: perhaps Picus viridis[38] or Dryocopus martius.[39]. The woodpecker was revered by the Latin peoples, who ...
3-Dimethylamino-2,2-dimethyl-2H-azirine (1) reacts in dimethylformamide at room temperature with the six-membered cyclic hydrazides 2,3-dihydrophthalazin-1,4-dione (2) and 1,2-dihydropyridazin-3,6-dione (15) to give the zwitterionic compounds 3 and 16, respectively (Schemes 1 and 7). The mechanism of these reactions is outlined in Scheme 1 for compound 3 (cf: also Scheme 8). The first steps are thought to be similar to the known reactions of 1 with the NH-acidic compounds saccharin and phthalimide (cf. [1]). Instead of ring expansion to the nine-membered heterocycle i (X = CONH, Scheme 8), a proton transfer followed by the loss of water gives 3 (Scheme 1 ...
Oxoid Limited has extended its range of diagnostic tests available for the detection of urinary tract infections with the addition of RapID? SS/u (Site Specific urine). Click to read more...
Aristolochiaceae)". African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines. 9 (1): 50-5. PMC 3746527. PMID ...
Aristolochiaceae). Entomological Science (2003) 6,143-149 Collins, N. Mark; Morris, Michael G. (1985). Threatened Swallowtail ...
Aristolochiaceae. 85(1): 229-233. In W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel Jarquín (eds.) Flora de Nicaragua ... Aristolochiaceae. 12: 1-184. In J. O. Rangel, A. Cadena, G. Correal U., R. Bernal González & G. Lozano-Contreras (eds.) Flora ...
... , or the little brown jug, is a perennial wildflower in the family Aristolochiaceae found in the ... ISBN 978-1-55105-428-5. Small, John Kunkel (1907). "Aristolochiaceae". In Britton, Nathaniel Lord (ed.). Manual of the flora of ...
Aristolochiaceae. In : Sosef, M.S.M., et al. (ed.), Fl. Gabon 42 : 5-10. Margraf Publishers, Weikersheim. Luino, I., et al. ... Dalziel, (Aristolochiaceae) from the Beanka Tsingy (western Madagascar). Candollea, 71(1) : 135- 141. Parsons, M.J. 1996a. New ... Pararistolochia is a genus of plant family Aristolochiaceae. The genus contains (but may not be limited to) the following ... Le genre Pararistolochia, Aristolochiaceae d'Afrique tropicale. Adansonia, 17 : 465- 494. Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G ...
Aristolochiaceae Juss., nom. cons. * (including Asaraceae Vent., Hydnoraceae C.Agardh, nom. cons., Lactoridaceae Engl., nom. ...
ISBN 978-0-643-06591-8. Australian Plant Census (2010). "Aristolochiaceae" (PDF). Retrieved 6 March 2010. CS1 maint: ...
Aristolochiaceae superorder 3. Rafflesianae order 1. Hydnorales family 1. Hydnoraceae order 2. Rafflesiales family 1. ...
On Aristolochia thwaitesii (Aristolochiaceae). Novon 3:321-323. Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. ...
Aristolochiaceae) Aristolochia championii Merr. & Chun (Boraginaceae) Ehretia championii Wight & Gardner ex C.B.Clarke ( ...
J.Presl Aristolochiaceae Juss. Hydnoraceae C.Agardh Lactoridaceae Engl. Piperaceae Giseke Saururaceae F.Voigt Laurales Juss. ex ...
Also, birthroot (Trillium erectum). Birthwort - Aristolochiaceae, the birthwort family. Bishop's wort - Stachys officinalis. ...
Volume 3: Casuarinaceae to Aristolochiaceae. Cambridge University Press. p. 145. ISBN 9780521361712. Burgoyne, P.M. (2006). " ...
He is the binomial author of many species from the botanical family Aristolochiaceae. Observations anatomiques et ... Famille des Aristolochiées, 1854 - Aristolochiaceae. Éléments de botanique : comprenant l'anatomie, l'organographie, la ...
"Pararistolochia praevenosa (ARISTOLOCHIACEAE) Richmond Birdwing Vine". Save Our Waterways Now. 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2010. ...
The flower has three sections, utricle, tube and limb, characteristic to all Aristolochiaceae. The plant is native to the ... Aristolochiaceae)". Flora. 2001: 374-382. Heinrich, M; Chan, J; Wanke, S; Neinhuis, C; Simmonds, MS (Aug 17, 2009). "Local uses ...
Ophioglossaceae to Aristolochiaceae, ferns to birthworts. Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States. 1. Stanford University Press ...
... is a genus of plants in the birthwort family Aristolochiaceae, commonly known as wild ginger. Asarum is the genitive ... Lawrence M. Kelly (2001). "Taxonomy of Asarum Section Asarum (Aristolochiaceae)". Systematic Botany. 26 (1): 17-53. doi:10.1043 ... Lawrence M. Kelley (1998). "Phylogenetic relationships in Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) based on morphology and ITS sequences". ...
The species is now included in Aristolochiaceae following APG IV (2016). Morphological data are not clear concerning the ... "Molecular data place Hydnoraceae with Aristolochiaceae". American Journal of Botany. 89 (11): 1809-1817. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.11. ... classification of Lactoris, but molecular data place it in the Aristolochiaceae. Lactoris fernandeziana seems to be wind- ...
Dalziel (Aristolochiaceae) from the Beanka Tsingy (western Madagascar)" (PDF). Candollea. 71 (1): 135-141. doi:10.15553/ ... Parsons, M.J. (1996a). "New species of Aristolochia and Pararistolochia (Aristolochiaceae) from Australia and New Guinea". ... doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1996.tb00772.x. Poncy, O. (1978). "Le genre Pararistolochia, Aristolochiaceae d'Afrique tropicale". ...
It is now submerged in the Aristolochiaceae. It contains two genera, Hydnora and Prosopanche: Prosopanche is native to Central ... Molecular data places them in the Piperales, and nested within the Aristolochiaceae and allied with the Piperaceae or ... "Molecular data place Hydnoraceae with Aristolochiaceae", American Journal of Botany, 89 (11): 1809-17, doi:10.3732/ajb.89.11. ...
The larval food plant is Thottea siliquosa (Aristolochiaceae). Papilionidae List of butterflies of India List of butterflies of ...
The larval food plant is Aristolochia tagala (Aristolochiaceae). It is protected by the Convention on International Trade in ...
... is a plant species of family Aristolochiaceae. It is found in Cameroon and Gabon. Its natural ...
They mainly feed on Aristolochia and Thottea species (Aristolochiaceae). Troides aeacus closely resembles Troides helena ...
Aristolochiaceae), Monanthocitrus paludosa (Rutaceae), and Secamone timorensis (Apocynaceae)" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 114 (1): 51-57 ... is a large plant genus with over 500 species that is the type genus of the family Aristolochiaceae. Its members are commonly ...
... , the North Fork heartleaf or French Broad heartleaf, is a wildflower of the family Aristolochiaceae ... Gaddy, Lacy L. (1986). "A New Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae) from Transylvania County, North Carolina". Britannia. 38 (1): 82-85 ...
Protoaltingia europaea †Protoravensara sheppeyensis Aristolochiaceae - birthwort family Aristolochia sp. Schisandraceae ...
Larval host plants known to date are all Aristolochiaceae. All Bhutanitis species are listed on CITES Appendix II, which ...
Aristolochiaceae), Monanthocitrus paludosa (Rutaceae), and Secamone timorensis (Apocynaceae)" (PDF). Phytotaxa. 114 (1): 51-57 ...
Aristolochiaceae are magnoliids, a basal group of angiosperms which are not part of the large categories of monocots or ... The Aristolochiaceae (English: /əˌrɪstəˈloʊkiəsii/) are a family, the birthwort family, of flowering plants with seven genera ... "GRIN Genera of Aristolochiaceae subfam. Asaroideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of ... "Family: Aristolochiaceae Juss., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. ...
... Mark A. Dimmitt. This is a tropical family of 400 species in the world, 300 of which are in ... Agavaceae & Nolinaceae Arecaceae Aristolochiaceae Asteraceae/Compositae Bignoniaceae Brassicaceae Burseraceae Cactaceae ...
Key to Aristolochiaceae. Previous taxon: Nymphaea odorata. Next taxon: Aristolochia. Name Search ... Aristolochiaceae. Habit: Perennial herb, woody vine, [shrub], rhizomed, aromatic. Stem: branched, occasionally +- underground. ... Citation for this treatment: Michael R. Mesler & Karen Lu 2012, Aristolochiaceae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora ...
Herbs or lianas [shrubs, rarely trees], deciduous or evergreen, often aromatic. Wood with broad medullary rays. Leaves alternate, simple, petiolate. Leaf blade unlobed, margins entire. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemes or solitary flowers, rarely fan-shaped cymes. Flowers bisexual; calyx enlarged, petaloid, usually tubular, [1-,] 3-, [6-, rarely 5-]merous, lobes valvate; corolla usually reduced to scales or absent; stamens 5, 6, or 12 [multiples of 3 or 5], free or adnate to styles and stigmas, forming gynostemium; anthers extrorse; pistil 1, 4-6-carpellate; ovary inferior, partly inferior, or superior; placentation axile (and ovaries 4-6-locular) or parietal; ovules many per locule, anatropous. Fruits capsules [follicles], regularly to irregularly loculicidal, rarely indehiscent [septicidal]. Seeds often flattened; endosperm copious ...
Aristolochiaceae Jussieu 马兜铃科 Aristolochiaceae. Aristolochia grandiflora. Credit: Xiangying Wen ... Aristolochiaceae. In: Kiu Hua-shing & Ling Yeou-ruenn, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 24: 159-245. ...
Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai, Russian Journal of Genetics" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly ... Genetic diversity of a rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai. Nakonechnaya, O.; Kholina ... Genetic diversity of a rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai. Genetic diversity of a ... rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai Nakonechnaya, O.; Kholina, A.; Koren, O.; ...
Molecular Phylogeny and Comparative Pollen Morphology of the Genus Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae). ASU Author/Contributor (non- ... Molecular Phylogeny and Comparative Pollen Morphology of the Genus Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae). PDF (Portable Document Format ... Niedenberger, B.A. (2010). Molecular Phylogeny and Comparative Pollen Morphology of the Genus Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae). ... is a genus belonging to the family Aristolochiaceae. Asarum exhibits a Laurasian distribution, with species in Europe, Asia, ...
Phylogeny of Aristolochiaceae based on parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian analyses of trnL trnF sequences. Plant Systematics ... Molecular phylogeny of Aristolochia sensu lato (Aristolochiaceae) based on sequences of rbcL, matK, and phyA genes, with ... Aristolochiaceae. In Flora de Veracruz, Fasc. 99. V. Sosa (ed.). Instituto de Ecología, A.C., Xalapa, Veracruz and Universidad ... Aristolochiaceae. In Flora del Valle de Tehuacán Cuicatlán, Fasc. 29. A. Novelo Retana (ed.). Instituto de Biología, ...
A Microextraction Liquid-Chromatographic Determination of Aristolochic Acid I in Urine, Flour, and Aristolochiaceae Fruit. ... Title:A Microextraction Liquid-Chromatographic Determination of Aristolochic Acid I in Urine, Flour, and Aristolochiaceae Fruit ... and Aristolochiaceae Fruit", Current Pharmaceutical Analysis (2017) 13: 345. https://doi.org/10.2174/1573412912666160610082640 ...
Piperales - Aristolochiaceae - Aristolochioideae - Aristolochia. Aristolochia. Birthwort. N.Y. Status. Images. Distribution. 1 ...
Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family). USDA Symbol: ASCA. Image Information. Photographer: Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia. State: NC ...
Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family). Synonym(s): Asarum acuminatum, Asarum canadense var. acuminatum, Asarum canadense var. ...
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE PIPEVINE FAMILY. Michael R. Mesler and Karen Lu. Perennial from rhizome, woody vine, shrub, aromatic. Stem ...
Aristolochiaceae)". African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines. 9 (1): 50-5. PMC 3746527. PMID ...
family Aristolochiaceae. family Lactoridaceae. family Piperaceae. family Saururaceae. Earlier systems[edit]. The Cronquist ... family Aristolochiaceae (including Asaraceae, Hydnoraceae and Lactoridaceae). family Piperaceae. family Saururaceae. .mw-parser ...
Family : Aristolochiaceae 4 reference(s) related to this plant. Reference HN 43 ...
Aristolochiaceae!! Juss., nom. cons. (включая Hydnoraceae C.Agardh, nom. cons., Lactoridaceae Engl., nom. cons.) ...
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Piperales families: Aristolochiaceae Juss. (1789), nom. cons., Hydnoraceae C.Agardh (1821), nom. cons., Lactoridaceae Engl. ( ...
Aristolochiaceae. - Birthwort Family 15.. Polygonaceae. - Buckwheat Family -------{ Start of Volume 2. }------- 16.. ...
Aristolochiaceae) yielded three new natural sesquiterpenes, a sesquiterpene with an unusual carbon skeleton, 4,5-seco-guaiane ( ...
Aristolochiaceae birthort Piperales 3 Asclepiadaceae milkweed Gentianales (17) Asparagaceae asparagus Iridales 18 ...
Aristolochiaceae Juss., nom. cons. * (benne: Asaraceae Vent., Hydnoraceae C.Agardh, nom. cons., Lactoridaceae Engl., nom. cons. ... az Aristolochiaceae most már tartalmazza a korábbi Lactoridaceae-t és Hydnoraceae-t; a Restionaceae újra magában foglalja az ...
Address: 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cay Giay, Ha Noi. Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ...
Sugawara T: A taxonomic study of Heterotropa nipponica and H. savatieri ssp. pseudosavatieri (Aristolochiaceae) in the Shima ... Kelly LM: A cladistic analysis of Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) and implications for the evolution of herkogamy. Am J Bot 1997, 84: ... Maekawa F, Ono M: Karyotype analysis in the genus Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae). J Fac Sci Univ Tokyo Sec 3: Bot 1965, 9: 151- ... Shi QF, Wang HC, Li XW, Meng AP, Li JQ: New chromosome counts in Asarum s.l. (Aristolochiaceae) from China. Nord J Bot 2008, 26 ...
Aristolochiaceae USDA hardiness 7-10 Known Hazards We have no specific details for this species but most members of this genus ...
Aristolochiaceae. 0. 2. Armeria maritima. Sea Thrift, Thrift seapink, California seapink, Interior seapink, Siberian sea thrift ...
Aristolochiaceae USDA hardiness 3-9 Known Hazards The leaves are poisonous[19]. Handling the leaves is said to cause dermatitis ...
Aristolochia littoralis; Dutchmans pipe, calico flower, pelican flower; Aristolochiaceae. *Artabotrys hexapetalus; ylang-ylang ...
Aristolochiaceae, Aristoteliaceae, Arjonaceae, Armeriaceae, Artemisiaceae, Arthrotaxidaceae, Artocarpaceae, Arundinaceae, ...
  • Asarum, commonly known as wild ginger, heartleaves, or little brown jugs, is a genus belonging to the family Aristolochiaceae. (uncg.edu)
  • Molecular phylogeny and taxonomic implications of Asarum (Aristolochiaceae) based on ITS and matK sequences. (wikimedia.org)
  • Asarum canadense Complex (Aristolochiaceae): is our eastern North American wild ginger a single species or three? (apsu.edu)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Asarum (family Aristolochiaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • The Aristolochiaceae (English: /əˌrɪstəˈloʊkiəsii/) are a family, the birthwort family, of flowering plants with seven genera and about 400 known species belonging to the order Piperales. (wikipedia.org)
  • The complete plastid genome sequence of one species of Aristolochiaceae, Hydnora visseri, has been determined. (wikipedia.org)
  • This Aristolochiaceae species therefore possesses one of the smallest plastid genomes among flowering plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genetic diversity of a rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai Nakonechnaya, O. (deepdyve.com)
  • / ə ˌ r ɪ s t ə ˈ l oʊ k i ə / ) is a large plant genus with over 500 species that is the type genus of the family Aristolochiaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • This species has medicinal activity that is similar to but weaker than A. * Aristolochia tomentosa is a species of flowering plant in the Aristolochiaceae family. (agriseek.com)
  • Larvae of A. apollinus feed on species of Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae). (tolweb.org)
  • Revision of the North and Central American hexandrous species of Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae). (illinois.edu)
  • The host food larval food plants are native species of the Aristolochiaceae. (edu.au)
  • There are about 500 species in the Aristolochiaceae family. (stuartxchange.org)
  • Aristolochiaceae , the birthwort family, includes about 590 species of woody vines, shrubs, and herbaceous species. (britannica.com)
  • The former family Hydnoraceae is now a small subfamily of Aristolochiaceae, with seven species in two genera. (britannica.com)
  • Some newer classification schemes, such as the update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, place the family Aristolochiaceae in the order Piperales, but it is still quite common, though superseded, for the Aristolochiaceae to be assigned, sometimes with some other families, their own order (Aristolochiales). (wikipedia.org)
  • It belongs to the family Aristolochiaceae . (ispub.com)
  • The wild gingers are members of the Aristolochiaceae , or the Birthwort family. (clemson.edu)
  • As of APG IV APG IV (2016), the former families Hydnoraceae and Lactoridaceae are included, because exclusion would make Aristolochiaceae in the traditional sense paraphyletic. (wikipedia.org)
  • A review of the taxonomy and biogeography of Hexastylis (Aristolochiaceae). (efloras.org)
  • Aristolochiaceae are magnoliids, a basal group of angiosperms which are not part of the large categories of monocots or eudicots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nomenclatural updates of Aristolochia subgenus Pararistolochia (Aristolochiaceae). (wikimedia.org)
  • Le genre Pararistolochia, Aristolochiaceae d Afrique tropicale. (prota.org)
  • Liede & Meve (2) Apocynaceae Petalostelma sarcostemma (Lillo) Liede & Meve (3) Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia melanoglossa Speg. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Citation for this treatment: Michael R. Mesler & Karen Lu 2012, Aristolochiaceae , in Jepson Flora Project (eds. (berkeley.edu)
  • Inflorescence morphology and the systematics of Aristolochiaceae. (prota.org)
  • Aristolochia clusii (ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. (maltawildflowers.com)
  • Aristolochia (English: / ə ˌ r ɪ s t ə ˈ l oʊ k i ə /) is a large plant genus with over 500 species that is the type genus of the family Aristolochiaceae.Its members are commonly known as birthwort, pipevine or Dutchman's pipe and are widespread and occur in the most diverse climates. (wsvmarketing.com)
  • Gets to a height of 16 FT and can spread up to 5 FT. Aristolochia macrophylla contains the natural substance aristolochic acid, which is found in all plants of the family Aristolochiaceae. (prairiegardens.org)
  • Instead of normal petals, plants in this large genus in the Aristolochiaceae which includes over 500 species have bizarre, pipe-shaped inflorescences. (wisc.edu)
  • Volume 1: Ophioglos- saceae to Aristolochiaceae (Ferns to Birthworts). (koeltz.com)
  • Lesley began the workshop with a lecture on the origin of the Aristolochiaceae . (bagscblog.com)