A plant genus of the family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. Species of this genus have been used in traditional medicine but they contain aristolochic acid which is associated with nephropathy. These are sometimes called 'snakeroot' but that name is also used with a number of other plants such as POLYGALA; SANICULA; ASARUM; ARISTOLOCHIA; AGERATINA; and others.
Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).
A form of chronic interstitial nephritis that is endemic to limited areas of BULGARIA, the former YUGOSLAVIA, and ROMANIA. It is characterized by a progressive shrinking of the KIDNEYS that is often associated with uroepithelial tumors.
The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.
A mixed mesenchymal tumor composed of two or more mesodermal cellular elements not commonly associated, not counting fibrous tissue as one of the elements. Mesenchymomas are widely distributed in the body and about 75% are malignant. (Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1866)
The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain scandenolide (a sesquiterpene lactone) and germacranolides.
The contribution to barometric PRESSURE of gaseous substance in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)

Long-term outcome of acute renal injury induced by Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom in rats. (1/31)

AIM: To investigate the long-term functional and morphological changes of the kidney induced by acute intoxication of Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom in rats. METHODS: Experimental model of acute renal injury was established in the Sprague-Dawley rats with oral administration of decoctions of Chinese herb, Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom, at dosages of 50 g.kg-1.d-1 and 30 g.kg-1.d-1 for 7 consecutive days, and 20 g.kg-1.d-1 for 15 consecutive days. Renal function was assayed at months 0 (right after treatment), 1, 3, and 6 of the experiment. Renal histological examination was also performed. RESULTS: 1) At month 0, the renal functional changes of acute renal injury included azotemia, low molecular weight proteinuria, glycosuria, hypoosmotic urine, and NAG enzymuria. Histopathological changes showed acute tubular necrosis, predominantly at the corticomedullary junction. 2) At months 1 and 3, the renal function of rats of the experiment was gradually restored and histopathologic examination suggested that the tubular lesions gradually recovered. In HE sections, basophilic deposits were observed in the tubular cytoplasm. And interstitial infiltration of inflammatory cells was not prominent. 3) At months 6, renal preneoplastic lesions, renal tumors, and extrarenal tumors occurred in rats. The occurrence of renal preneoplastic lesions at dosages of 50 g.kg-1.d-1, 30 g.kg-1.d-1, and 20 g.kg-1.d-1 were 100.0% at all three doses, renal tumors 42.8%, 25.0%, and 0%, respectively, extrarenal tumors 14.4%, 12.5%, and 12.5%, respectively, and systemic tumors 57.2%, 37.5%, and 12.5%, respectively. The occurrence of basophilic deposits, renal preneoplastic lesions, renal tumors, and extrarenal tumors in normal control group was nil. CONCLUSIONS: 1) Administration of large dosage of Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom induces acute renal failure in rats. 2) The long-term renal function and histopathologic changes of acute renal injury induced by Aristolochia manshuriensis Komrecover spontaneously. 3) Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom has been proved to be oncogenic for the first time.  (+info)

Progression rate of Chinese herb nephropathy: impact of Aristolochia fangchi ingested dose. (2/31)

BACKGROUND: Renal failure after ingestion of Chinese herbs between 1990 and 1992 was related to the replacement of Stephania tetrandra by Aristolochia fangchi (ST-AF), containing nephrotoxic and carcinogenic aristolochic acids. However, the relationship between ST-AF and renal failure is still a matter of debate. We therefore tested the impact of the ST-AF ingested dose on the progression of renal function deterioration. METHODS: Analysis of medical charts and prescriptions between 1990 and 1992 was carried out to determine the presence of risk factors for kidney failure and the cumulative dose of pill components. Individual progression rate of renal impairment was studied by the time-course of the inverse of blood creatinine level (1/P(creat)). RESULTS: Patients were divided into an end-stage renal disease (ESRD) group (n=44) and a chronic renal failure (CRF) group (n=27) according to their P(creat) at the time of this study. The mean number of risk factors (+/-SD) was equally distributed within both groups (1.50+/-0.18 vs 1.59+/-0.17, P=0.74). Patients from the ESRD group ingested significantly higher cumulative doses of ST--AF (192+/-13.1 g vs 138+/- 16.3 g), Magnolia officinalis, (80.1+/-6.3 g vs 59.8+/-11.7 g), diethylpropion (14.7+/-1.4 g vs 10.0+/-1.4 g) and fenfluramine (14.1+/-1.6 g vs 8.7+/-1.3 g). In the ESRD group, some patients who had received steroids had a slower progression to ESRD than the others. In multiple regression analysis, ST-AF emerged as the only significant drug predicting the slope of the progression of renal failure. Moreover, hypothesizing a linear dose-response relationship, the risk of developing ESRD linearly increased with ST-AF doses. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between the cumulative ST-AF dose and the renal failure progression rate confirms that regular ingestion of Aristolochia sp. extracts is causally involved in the onset of chronic interstitial nephropathy leading to ESRD.  (+info)

Trypanocidal constituents in plants 1. Evaluation of some Mexican plants for their trypanocidal activity and active constituents in Guaco, roots of Aristolochia taliscana. (3/31)

Crude extracts of Mexican medicinal plants were screened for trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, which is the etiological agent for Chagas' disease, one of the most serious protozoan diseases in Latin America. There were 43 kinds of methanolic and other organic extracts from 39 plants which were examined by the preliminary screening test to see immobilization of epimastigotes of T. cruzi in vitro. Eighteen of them showed activity at the concentration of 2 mg/ml after incubation for 2 h, while 13 showed activity at the concentration of 1 mg/ml after incubation for 48 h. Among them, the MeOH extract of roots of Aristolochia taliscana (Aristolochiaceae), locally known as "Guaco," immobilized all the epimastigotes even at lower concentration of 0.5 mg/ml (48 h). In order to identify principal compounds for this activity, the MeOH extract of Guaco was subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation. From the active fractions, four neolignans, eupomatenoid-7 (1), licarin A (2), eupomatenoid-1 (5) and licarin B (6), and two lignans, austrobailignan-7 (3) and fragransin E1 (4) were isolated. Compounds 1-4 immobilized all the epimastigotes at the minimum concentration of 25-75 microg/ml after incubation for 48 h, while compounds 5 and 6 were inactive. Corresponding concentration of gossypol, berberine chloride and harmine was 280 microg/ml, 300 microg/ml and >500 microg/ml, respectively.  (+info)

Neuroprotective effects of 2,5-diaryl-3,4-dimethyltetrahydrofuran neolignans. (4/31)

We previously reported the neurotrophic effects of talaumidin (1) from Aristolochia arcuata MASTERS. In the present study, we compared the neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects of six other 2,5-diaryl-3,4-dimethyltetrahydrofuran neolignans isolated from the same plant, veraguensin (2), galgravin (3), aristolignin (4), nectandrin A (5), isonectandrin B (6), and nectandrin B (7), with compound 1 in primary cultured rat neurons. Compounds 3-7 promoted neuronal survival and neurite outgrowth, among which compounds 6 and 7 showed neurotrophic activity comparable with that of 1. Furthermore, compounds 1-7 protected hippocampal neurons against amyloid beta peptide (Abeta25-35)-induced cytotoxicity, while compounds 1 and 4-7 protected against neuronal death from 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+)-induced toxicity in cultured rat hippocampal neurons.  (+info)

Endemic nephropathy: the case for chronic poisoning by aristolochia. (5/31)

AIM: To explore the hypothesis that chronic dietary poisoning by aristolochic acid could account for the unique geographical distribution, specific pattern of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, occurrence of chronic renal insufficiency, and an increased risk of developing upper urothelial cancer, all of which are associated with endemic nephropathy. METHODS: This case-controlled epidemiologic study consisted of three groups of subjects residing in an endemic region of Croatia: (a) patients meeting WHO criteria for endemic nephropathy (n=28), (b) individuals who have been treated for renal insufficiency secondary to other forms of renal disease (n=30), and (c) apparently healthy residents of the endemic village (n= 30). A detailed questionnaire, designed to collect information on demographics, exposure to potentially toxic substances, diet, agricultural practices, and other factors potentially impacting endemic nephropathy was administered to the three study groups. The seeds of Aristolochia clematitis, obtained from plants growing in the endemic region, were extracted with ethanol and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography for their aristolochic acid content. RESULTS: The majority of subjects, including 90% of endemic nephropathy patients, recall that the plant Aristolochia clematitis (birthwort, vucja stopa in Croatian) was frequently found in local meadows and wheat fields between 20 and 30 years ago. At that time, endemic nephropathy patients encountered Aristolochia clematitis significantly more frequently than controls (P=0.035). Since then, all three study groups reported a significant increase in the use of herbicides (P<0.001) and reduction in the prevalence of Aristolochia clematitis (P<0.001). Chemical analysis established that the seeds of A. clematitis contain 0.65% aristolochic acid. It is likely that the harvesting process used by local farmers permitted the seeds of A. clematitis to mingle with the wheat grain. CONCLUSION: Flour used to bake bread, a dietary staple in the endemic region of Croatia, is derived from wheat grain which, in the past, is likely to have been contaminated with seeds of A. clematitis during harvesting. This observation supports the hypothesis that aristolochic acid, a major constituent of the seeds, plays a central role in the development of endemic nephropathy.  (+info)

Role of exposure analysis in solving the mystery of Balkan endemic nephropathy. (6/31)

We evaluated the role of exposure analysis in assessing whether ochratoxin A or aristolochic acid are the agents responsible for causing Balkan endemic nephropathy. We constructed a framework for exposure analysis using the lessons learned from the study of endemic goiter within the context of an accepted general model. We used this framework to develop an exposure analysis model for Balkan endemic nephropathy, evaluated previous findings from the literature on ochratoxin A and aristolochic acid in the context of this model, discussed the strength of evidence for each, and proposed approaches to address critical outstanding questions. The pathway for exposure to ochratoxin A is well defined and there is evidence that humans have ingested ochratoxin A. Factors causing differential exposure to ochratoxin A and how ochratoxin A is implicated in Balkan endemic nephropathy are not defined. Although there is evidence of human exposure to aristolochic acid and that its effects are consistent with Balkan endemic nephropathy, a pathway for exposure to aristolochic acid has been suggested but not demonstrated. Factors causing differential exposure to aristolochic acid are not known. Exposure analysis results suggest that neither ochratoxin A nor aristolochic acid can be firmly linked to Balkan endemic nephropathy. However, this approach suggests future research directions that could provide critical evidence on exposure, which when linked with findings from the health sciences, may be able to demonstrate the cause of this disease and provide a basis for effective public health intervention strategies. One of the key unknowns for both agents is how differential exposure can occur.  (+info)

Role of environmental toxins in endemic (Balkan) nephropathy. October 2006, Zagreb, Croatia. (7/31)

An international symposium, held in Zagreb, Croatia, in October 2006, brought together basic scientists and clinical investigators engaged in research on endemic (Balkan) nephropathy, a chronic renal tubulointerstitial disease of previously unknown cause that often is accompanied by upper urinary tract urothelial cancer. Although this disease is endemic in rural areas of Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, and Serbia, a similar clinical entity occurs throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. Recent advances in the understanding of endemic nephropathy now favor the causative role of aristolochic acid over the ubiquitous mycotoxin known as ochratoxin A. Specifically, aristolactam-DNA adducts have been found in renal tissues and urothelial cancers of affected patients. A "signature" p53 mutation in the upper urothelial cancer associated with this disease provides evidence of long-term exposure to aristolochic acid. In addition, the renal pathophysiology and histopathology observed in endemic nephropathy most closely resemble the entity known as aristolochic acid nephropathy. Public health authorities in countries harboring this disease are encouraged to reduce the potential for dietary exposure to Aristolochia clematitis.  (+info)

Quantitative and qualitative changes in primary and secondary stem organization of Aristolochia macrophylla during ontogeny: functional growth analysis and experiments. (8/31)

 (+info)

"Aristolochia" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Aristolochiaceae, also known as birthworts. These plants are characterized by their unique, pipe-shaped flowers. Some species of Aristolochia contain aristolochic acids, which have been found to be nephrotoxic and carcinogenic. Because of this, the use of these plants in medicinal preparations is generally discouraged or restricted.

Aristolochic acids are a group of naturally occurring chemical compounds that are found in certain plants of the Aristolochiaceae family, including Aristolochia and Asarum species. These compounds have been identified as nephrotoxic (kidney-damaging) and carcinogenic (cancer-causing) agents in humans and animals.

Aristolochic acids are present in the roots, rhizomes, and fruits of these plants, and they have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, such as treating inflammation, pain, and gastrointestinal disorders. However, their use has been linked to severe kidney damage and upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (a type of kidney cancer) in humans.

The nephrotoxicity and carcinogenicity of aristolochic acids are believed to be due to their ability to form DNA adducts, which can lead to mutations and chromosomal damage in the kidneys and other organs. As a result, the use of products containing aristolochic acids has been banned or restricted in many countries, and they are considered to be unsafe for human consumption.

Balkan nephropathy is a type of chronic tubulointerstitial kidney disease that is named after the Balkan region in southeastern Europe where it is most commonly found. It is characterized by progressive scarring and damage to the renal tubules and interstitium, which can lead to decreased kidney function and eventually end-stage renal disease.

The exact cause of Balkan nephropathy is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to environmental factors such as exposure to aristolochic acid, a toxin found in certain plants that are native to the region. Other possible contributing factors may include genetic susceptibility and infection with certain viruses or bacteria.

Symptoms of Balkan nephropathy can include proteinuria (protein in the urine), hematuria (blood in the urine), hypertension (high blood pressure), and decreased kidney function. Diagnosis is typically made based on a combination of clinical symptoms, laboratory tests, and imaging studies such as ultrasound or CT scan. Treatment may include medications to manage high blood pressure and proteinuria, as well as supportive care to address any complications that arise from decreased kidney function. In severe cases, dialysis or kidney transplantation may be necessary.

Ethnopharmacology is a branch of pharmacology that focuses on the study of traditional medicines and their active components, as well as the cultural, historical, and social practices surrounding their use. It involves the interdisciplinary investigation of indigenous knowledge, beliefs, and customs related to medicinal plants and other natural remedies.

The main objectives of ethnopharmacology include:

1. Identifying and documenting traditional medicines and healing practices used by various cultures around the world.
2. Investigating the pharmacological properties and mechanisms of action of these traditional remedies, often through laboratory experiments and clinical trials.
3. Evaluating the safety, efficacy, and quality of traditional medicines to establish their potential therapeutic value in modern healthcare settings.
4. Promoting the sustainable use of natural resources and preserving indigenous knowledge and cultural heritage related to traditional medicine.
5. Fostering collaboration between scientists, healthcare professionals, and local communities to develop new drugs, therapies, and treatment approaches based on traditional medicines.

Examples of ethnopharmacological research include studying the active ingredients in Ayurvedic herbs, evaluating the effectiveness of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) formulations, and investigating the potential benefits of psychoactive plants used in shamanic rituals.

Mesenchymoma is a very rare type of tumor that contains a mixture of different types of mesenchymal tissues, such as muscle, fat, bone, cartilage, or fibrous tissue. It typically occurs in children and young adults, and can be found in various parts of the body, including the head, neck, retroperitoneum (the area behind the abdominal cavity), and the limbs.

Mesenchymomas are usually slow-growing and may not cause any symptoms until they reach a large size. Treatment typically involves surgical removal of the tumor, but radiation therapy or chemotherapy may also be used in some cases. The prognosis for mesenchymoma depends on several factors, including the location and size of the tumor, the patient's age and overall health, and the specific types of tissue that are present in the tumor.

Plant somatic embryogenesis techniques refer to the scientific methods used to induce and produce embryos from plant somatic cells, which are not involved in sexual reproduction. These techniques involve the culture of isolated plant cells or tissues on nutrient-rich media under controlled conditions that promote embryo development. The resulting embryos can be germinated into plants, which are genetically identical to the parent plant, a process known as clonal propagation.

Somatic embryogenesis techniques have various applications in plant biotechnology, including large-scale propagation of elite varieties, genetic transformation, and cryopreservation of plant genetic resources. The ability to produce embryos from somatic cells also has potential implications for understanding the fundamental mechanisms of plant development and evolution.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Mikania" is not a medical term. It is actually the name of a genus of plants in the family Asteraceae, also known as the daisy family. The most well-known species is Mikania micrantha, which is native to Central and South America but has become an invasive weed in many other parts of the world, including Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Pacific Islands. It is often referred to by the common name "climbing hempvine" or "mile-a-minute weed."

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health concerns, I'd be happy to try to help answer those for you!

Vapor pressure, in the context of physical chemistry and thermodynamics, refers to the pressure exerted by a vapor in equilibrium with its condensed phase (liquid or solid) at a given temperature. It is a measure of the escaping tendency of molecules from the liquid or solid state to the gas state. At higher temperatures, the vapor pressure generally increases because a greater number of molecules possess sufficient energy to overcome intermolecular forces and enter the vapor phase.

In medical terminology, vapor pressure is not frequently used explicitly. However, understanding this concept can be helpful in pharmaceutical sciences, particularly when dealing with the formulation and delivery of drugs in various dosage forms such as aerosols, nebulizers, or inhalers. These applications rely on the transformation between liquid and vapor states under specific conditions to achieve desired therapeutic effects.

A plant stem is not typically defined in a medical context, but rather in the field of botany. However, I can certainly provide a general biological definition for you.

In plants, stems are organs that serve primarily as support structures, holding leaves, flowers, and fruits aloft where they can receive sunlight and exchange gases. They also act as conduits, transporting water, nutrients, and sugars made during photosynthesis between the roots and shoots of a plant.

The stem is usually composed of three main tissue systems: dermal, vascular, and ground. The dermal tissue system forms the outermost layer(s) of the stem, providing protection and sometimes participating in gas exchange. The vascular tissue system contains the xylem (which transports water and nutrients upward) and phloem (which transports sugars and other organic compounds downward). The ground tissue system, located between the dermal and vascular tissues, is responsible for food storage and support.

While not a direct medical definition, understanding the structure and function of plant stems can be relevant in fields such as nutrition, agriculture, and environmental science, which have implications for human health.

... acuminata Lam. Aristolochia arborea Aristolochia baetica Aristolochia boosii Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. - worm ... Aristolochia macroura Aristolochia maxima Jacq. - Florida Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia obliqua S.M.Hwang Aristolochia ... Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia labiata Willd. - mottled Dutchman's pipe, rooster flower Aristolochia lindneri Aristolochia ... Aristolochia stevensii Barringer Aristolochia tagala - Indian birthwort Aristolochia thwaitesii Hook Aristolochia tomentosa ...
Three images of "Pipevine (Aristolochia watsonii), here in flower", "Eggs of the Pipevine Swallowtail on Aristolochia watsonii ... Aristolochia watsonii (Watson's Dutchman's pipe, southwestern pipevine, Indian root, snakeroot) is a perennial plant in the ... "Aristolochia watsonii Wooton & Standl.". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 28 ... Note that this website has been superseded by World Flora Online Aristolochia watsonii: Watson's Dutchman's Pipe / Desert ...
"Aristolochia eriantha in Tropicos". Media related to Aristolochia eriantha at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aristolochia ... Aristolochia eriantha is a species of perennial plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is found in Bolivia. " ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is endemic to China. China Plant Specialist Group ... 2004). "Aristolochia obliqua". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T46375A11047228. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS. ... Aristolochia, Vulnerable plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Piperales stubs). ...
... is native to west tropical Africa (Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone) and to west- ... Media related to Aristolochia macrocarpa at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Pararistolochia macrocarpa at Wikispecies v t e ( ... Aristolochia macrocarpa, synonym Pararistolochia macrocarpa, is a species of flowering plant in the family Aristolochiaceae ... "Aristolochia macrocarpa Duch." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2023-02-10. ...
... has several medicinal uses. Ingesting the dried powdered root of Aristolochia paucinervis is used as a ... The leaves of Aristolochia paucinervis possess antibacterial activity - in a study conducted by Gadhi et al., Aristolochia ... Aristolochia paucinervis is also commonly referred to as 'Barraztam' in Morocco. Aristolochia paucinervis is a climbing ... "Aristolochia paucinervis Pomel - Encyclopedia of Life". eol.org. Retrieved 2021-12-06. "Aristolochia paucinervis". www.tela- ...
"Aristolochia ringens in Tropicos". Media related to Aristolochia ringens at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aristolochia ... Aristolochia ringens is a species of perennial plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is found from Panama through Bolivia, ...
... is a liana climbing over other vegetation. Stems are woody, up to 2 cm in diameter, the bark tomentose ... Aristolochia stevensii is a plant species native to northwestern Nicaragua and southwestern Honduras. It grows in wet montane ... On Aristolochia thwaitesii (Aristolochiaceae). Novon 3:321-323. Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. ... Aristolochia, Flora of Nicaragua, Flora of Honduras). ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aristolochia grandiflora. Aristolochia grandiflora, profile at USDA Aristolochia ... Other species of Aristolochia are also called "pelican flowers"; e.g. Aristolochia gigantea (giant pelican flower) and ... Aristolochia grandiflora, the pelican flower, is a deciduous vine with one of the world's largest flowers that emits an odor ... Aristolochia grandiflora produces large solitary flowers from cordate leaf axils. Leaves can be up to 25 cm (9.8 in) wide. ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. Its native range includes the ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is found in China and Hong Kong, in valley ... Aristolochia westlandii in Flora of China at www.efloras.org, taken from Hemsley, J. Bot. 23: 286. 1885. Media related to ... China Plant Specialist Group (2004). "Aristolochia westlandii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T46531A11065834. ... Aristolochia, Flora of Hong Kong, Flora of China, Vines, Critically endangered plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All ...
Media related to Aristolochia labiata at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aristolochia labiata at Wikispecies v t e (Articles ... Aristolochia labiata, the mottled Dutchman's pipe or rooster flower, is an ornamental plant which is native to Brazil. USDA, ... NRCS (n.d.). "Aristolochia labiata". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data ... Aristolochia, Flora of Brazil, All stub articles, Piperales stubs). ...
... (Vietnamese: Phòng Kỷ Quảng Bình) is an endemic flora species in the Aristolochia genus. The ... Data related to Aristolochia quangbinhensis at Wikispecies "Aristolochia quangbinhensis" at the Encyclopedia of Life Discovery ... In the humid region of the northeastern mountains in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, Quang Binh province, Aristolochia ... Vietnam Aristolochia quangbinhensis (Aristolochiaceae), a new species from Central Vietnam 22/1/2014 Pdf doi:10.3897/phytokeys. ...
... is usually gathered from the wild. Aristolochia bracteolata has been used in traditional medicine in ... "Aristolochia bracteolata in Global Plants on JSTOR". plants.jstor.org. Retrieved 2018-04-22. "Aristolochia bracteolata - Worm ... "Aristolochia bracteolata Lam". The Plant List. "Aristolochia bracteolata - Useful Tropical Plants". tropical.theferns.info. ... Aristolochia bracteolata is a climbing or prostrate perennial herb with an unpleasant smell, stems 10-60 cm tall from an ...
Calflora: Aristolochia californica USDA Plants Profile for Aristolochia californica (California dutchman's pipe) Jepson eFlora ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aristolochia californica. Calflora Database: Aristolochia californica (California ... TJM2) Aristolochia californica[permanent dead link] Encyclopedia of Life: Aristolochia californica; C. Michael Hogan, ed. 2010 ... Aristolochia californica". NatureServe Explorer Aristolochia californica. NatureServe. 2022-05-30. Retrieved 30 May 2022. ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is endemic to China. China Plant ... Aristolochia, Endemic flora of China, Endangered flora of Asia, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, ... Specialist Group (2004). "Aristolochia delavayi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T46475A11052870. doi:10.2305/ ...
"Aristolochia fangchi Y.C.Wu ex L.D.Chow & S.M.Hwang". Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic ... Aristolochia fangchi (Chinese: 广防已 guang fang ji), is a species of flowering plant in the family Aristolochiaceae, native to ... Aristolochia, Flora of South-Central China, Flora of Southeast China, Flora of Vietnam, Plants described in 2003, All stub ... in a herbal preparation was accidentally substituted with Aristolochia fangchi. More than 105 patients were identified with ...
Data related to Aristolochia acuminata at Wikispecies Media related to Aristolochia acuminata at Wikimedia Commons Lamarck, J.B ... Aristolochia acuminata, the native Dutchman's pipe or Indian birthwort is a poisonous perennial vine that is endemic to Asia ... Aristolochia acuminata is an evergreen vine. The hypanthium flowers are between 10 and 13 mm long. It also has capsuled ... "Aristolochia acuminata". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian ...
... , the (European) birthwort, is a twining herbaceous plant in the family Aristolochiaceae, which is ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aristolochia clematitis. v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description ... Aristolochia, Medicinal plants of Europe, Plants described in 1753, Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus, All stub articles, Medicinal ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is endemic to China. China Plant Specialist ... Aristolochia, Endemic flora of China, Endangered flora of Asia, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, ... Group (2004). "Aristolochia tuberosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T46529A11065588. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004. ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. "Aristolochia amara (Aubl.) Poncy - The Plant List". ... 1. Media related to Aristolochia amara at Wikimedia Commons v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... Aristolochia, Plants described in 1775, Taxa named by Jean Baptiste Christian Fusée-Aublet, All stub articles, Piperales stubs) ...
... is a perennial herbaceous plant with stout elongated rhizomes that grows on the edges of the mountains, ... Aristolochia contorta, commonly known as northern pipevine, also known as birthwort, is a climbing perennial shrub. ... Aristolochia contorta contains the carcinogenic chemical compounds aristolochic acid and derivatives. The plant also contains ... Aristolochia, Medicinal plants of Asia, Taxa named by Alexander von Bunge). ...
Although Aristolochia boosii is not listed in the IUCN Red List, the authors of a 2008 assessment of the endemic plant species ... Aristolochia boosii is a species of woody vine in the Aristolochiaceae plant family which is endemic to Trinidad and Tobago. ... Endemic flora of Trinidad and Tobago Van den Eynden, V.; Oatham, M.; Johnson, W. (2017). "Aristolochia boosii". IUCN Red List ... Panter, J.A. (1981). "Notes on Aristolochia from Trinidad and the Description of A. boosii". Kew Bulletin. Royal Botanic ...
doi:10.1007/s11240-009-9543-9. Media related to Aristolochia fimbriata at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aristolochia ... Aristolochia fimbriata is a species of perennial plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is found in Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia ... "Aristolochia fimbriata in Tropicos". Bliss, Barbara J.; Landherr, Lena; dePamphilis, Claude; Ma, Hong; Hu, Yi; Maximova, Siela ... July 2009). "Regeneration and plantlet development from somatic tissues of Aristolochia fimbriata". Plant Cell, Tissue and ...
It differs from Aristolochia grandiflora in lacking the sometimes very long "tail" that hangs down from the trumpet of A. ... Aristolochia gorgona is a recently discovered (2002) flowering plant in the Dutchman's pipe family (Aristolochiaceae) (of the ... http://mobot.mobot.org/cgi-bin/search Then search "Aristolochia gorgona" Mario A. Blanco, "Aristolochia gorgona ( ... Aristolochia, Plants described in 2002, All stub articles, Piperales stubs). ...
... USDA Plants Profile (2011-11-28) Aristolochia serpentaria Archived August 17, 2011, at the Wayback ... Aristolochia serpentaria is a species of perennial flowering plant in the Aristolochiaceae (birthwort) family. The species is ... Aristolochia, Flora of the Eastern United States, Plants described in 1753, Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus, All stub articles, ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aristolochia serpentaria. v t e (Webarchive template wayback links, Articles with short ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is endemic to Taiwan. China Plant ... Aristolochia, Vulnerable plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, Taxa named by Bunzō Hayata, All stub articles, Piperales ... Specialist Group (2004). "Aristolochia cucurbitifolia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T46473A11052713. doi: ...
Media related to Aristolochia pontica at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aristolochia pontica at Wikispecies v t e (Articles ... "Aristolochia pontica in Tropicos". "Taxon Page: Aristolochia pontica". Turkish Plants Data Service. Retrieved 11 May 2021. ... Aristolochia pontica is a species of perennial plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. It is found in the Republic of Georgia, ...
"Aristolochia pistolochia L." Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 26 December 2020. "Aristolochia pistolochia" (PDF). Flora Iberica. ... It is similar to Aristolochia paucinervis, but can be easily distinguished by its thick, jagged leaf border. Aristolochia ... Aristolochia pistolochia is a herbaceous plant in the family Aristolochiaceae endemic to Mediterranean areas across southwest ... Aristolochia paucinervis is a perennial geophyte carnivorous plant. Its rhizome is formed by numerous cylindrical tubers. ...
It is found from Mexico through Guatemala and El Salvador . "Aristolochia arborea in Tropicos". Media related to Aristolochia ... Aristolochia arborea is a species of perennial plant in the family Aristolochiaceae. ... Aristolochia, Plants described in 1862, All stub articles, Piperales stubs). ... arborea at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Aristolochia arborea at Wikispecies v t e (Articles with short description, Short ...
Aristolochia acuminata Lam. Aristolochia arborea Aristolochia baetica Aristolochia boosii Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. - worm ... Aristolochia macroura Aristolochia maxima Jacq. - Florida Dutchmans pipe Aristolochia obliqua S.M.Hwang Aristolochia ... Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia labiata Willd. - mottled Dutchmans pipe, rooster flower Aristolochia lindneri Aristolochia ... Aristolochia stevensii Barringer Aristolochia tagala - Indian birthwort Aristolochia thwaitesii Hook Aristolochia tomentosa ...
... Youn-Hwan Hwang. ,1Taesoo Kim. ,1Won-Kyung Cho ... S. L. Hu, H. Q. Zhang, K. Chan, and Q. X. Mei, "Studies on the toxicity of Aristolochia manshuriensis (Guanmuton)," Toxicology ... X. S. Ding, A. H. Liang, J. H. Wang et al., "Nephrotoxicity of Aristolochia manshuriensis and aristolochic acids in mice," ... M. C. Liu, S. Maruyama, M. Mizuno et al., "The nephrotoxicity of Aristolochia manshuriensis in rats is attributable to its ...
The first fossil Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae, Piperales) leaves from Austria ... The genus Aristolochia L. (Aristolochiaceae) in Italy. Webbia, 38:221-300.. Nardi, E. 1991. The genus Aristolochia L. ( ... Comparisons with Extant Aristolochia Leaves. The leaves of extant Aristolochia Linnaeus, 1753 plants show very variable lamina ... Genus ARISTOLOCHIA Linnaeus, 1753. Aristolochia austriaca nov. spec.. Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5 ...
EEB Greenhouse Accession Data for Aristolochia littoralisAristolochia fimbriata. *Aristolochia gigantea. *Aristolochia littoralis. *Aristolochia peruviana. *Aristolochia ringens. * ... Aristolochia littoralis Parodi. *Common Name: Calico Flower*Family: Aristolochiaceae Juss. *Synonym(s): Aristolochia elegans M. ... Aristolochia tomentosa. Subfamily Asaroideae Tribe Sarumeae *Asarum arifolium W/C. *Asarum virginicum. W/C = Wild Collected = ...
Black & White Magazine is a bi-monthly print magazine for collectors of fine black and white photography.
Data from: Aristolochia sinoburmanica (Aristolochiaceae), a new species from north Myanmar. Tan, Yun-Hong, Chinese Academy of ... Aristolochia sinoburmanica Y. H. Tan & B. Yang, a new species of Aristolochiaceae from Putao, Kachin State, Myanmar, is ... the species belongs to Aristolochia subgenus Siphisia. It is morphologically similar to A. faviogonzalezii, A. hainanensis, A. ... 2018). Data from: Aristolochia sinoburmanica (Aristolochiaceae), a new species from north Myanmar [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi ...
The Aristolochia praevenosa F.Muell. is Permitted - s11 for the whole of state and is not assigned to any control category for ... Aristolochia praevenosa F.Muell.. Legal status:. Permitted - s11. Permitted organisms must satisfy any applicable import ... 9] https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/organisms?search_string=Aristolochia. [10] https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/organisms?search_string= ...
Foram isolados de galhos de Aristolochia gehrtii a cis-N-feruloil-3-O-metildopamina, um derivado hemiacetálico do 5- ... From the stems of Aristolochia gehrtii, the cis-N-feruloyl-3-O-methyldopamine and a hemiacetal derivative of 5- ... Alkamides and phenethyl derivatives from Aristolochia gehrtii. Author(s): *Navickiene, Hosana M. D. ...
Aristolochia convolvulacea Small; Aristolochia dodecandra Raf.; Aristolochia hastata Nutt.; Aristolochia nashii Kearney; ... Aristolochia officinalis T.Nees; Aristolochia polyrrhizos Sprengel; Aristolochia sagittata Muhl.; Aristolochia sagittata Muhl. ... Aristolochia serpentaria L.. name cited: Aristolochia serpentaria L. family: Aristolochiaceae. subfamily: Aristolochioideae. ... 2 88533 Aristolochia serpentaria L.. F.G. Hayne, Getreue Darstell. Gew., vol. 9 : t. 21 (1825). ...
Aristolochia macroura:. Aristolochia macroura:. Aristolochia macroura Gomez, Aristolochiaceae: See Aristolochia trilobata L. ...
Aristolochia sempervirens L.. Common Name: Dutchmans pipe. I found this plant with its funny looking flowers just a few ... Aristolochia sempervirens has sessile utricles and unilabiate flowers. The flowers are solitary, axillary,and hanging down on ...
Aristolochia compressicaulis Z.L.Yang. Synonym. WCSP (in review). Aristolochia longifolia Champ. ex Benth. [Illegitimate]. ... Aristolochia championii Merr. & Chun is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Aristolochia ...
03872630 (Ah Aristolochia serpentaria L. 1962, Determined by Howard Wm. Pfeifer 03872630. ...
Haruna, A.K. and M. Ilyas (2000) Aristolochic acid-1 and aristoloside from the rhizome of Aristolochia albida Duch. [ ... Aristolochic acid-1 and aristoloside from the rhizome of Aristolochia albida Duch. ... Aristolochic acid-1 and aristoloside from the rhizome of Aristolochia albida Duch. ...
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (0250-474X), is the official scientific publication of the Indian Pharmaceutical Association Volume 56, Issue 6, 1994.
Caterpillar hosts: Pipevines (genus Aristolochia). Adult food: Not reported. Habitat: Tropical forests and associated edges and ...
California Pipevine/California Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia californica) or Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia durior). Zones: 8 to ...
i,Aristolochia ,/i,species Aristolochiaceae. ,i,Brahea ,/i,species Arecaceae. ,i,Bursera ,/i,species Burseraceae. ,i,Capsicum,/ ...
Aristolochia clematitis. img.stock_icon { float: right; margin-right: -15px; margin-top: 15px; max-width: 70% !important; } . ...
Aristolochia maxima DUTCHMANS-PIPE. ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia Accepted Name. Aristolochia pentandra MARSHS DUTCHMANS- ... Aristolochia ringens GAPING DUTCHMANS-PIPE. ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia Accepted Name. Aristolochia serpentaria VIRGINIA ... Aristolochia elegans ELEGANT DUTCHMANS-PIPE; CALICO FLOWER. ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia Accepted Name. Aristolochia ... Aristolochia tomentosa WOOLLY DUTCHMANS-PIPE; PIPEVINE. ARISTOLOCHIACEAE Aristolochia Accepted Name. Asarum arifolium WILD ...
Try Akebia, Ampelopsis (Blueberry Climber), Aristolochia (Dutchmans Pipe), Ivy (wide variety) and Polygonum aubertii (Silver ...
Occurrence details for: Aristolochia clematitis. Link to species in Tropicos , Google Images ...
2014 aristolochia bracteata crimson drosera euphorbia flower flowers garden grandiflora lady leaves lobata mirabilis nepenthes ... Aristolochia fimbrata. Amaranthus tricolor Illumination 2012. Aster peony purple 2014. Asarina scandens Joann Loraine 2014 ...
Aristolochia gigantea is the biggest member of this family and that is no coincidence. Giant creatures and giant plants went ... Botanist - Aristolochia [Official Music Video] - YouTube. BOTANIST comment: „There are hundreds of species of pitcher plant, ... Avant-garde green metal outfit BOTANIST have planted the new video ‚Aristolochia, referring to a widespread family of ...
Aristolochia species (eg, birthwort, heartwort, fangji) can cause interstitial renal fibrosis due to aristolochic acid, a known ...
Ethnobotanic, Phytochemical, and Biological Activities of Aristolochia longa L.: A Review. Ebook: Biologically Active Natural ...
Aristolochia baetica. Aristolochia gigantea. Artemisia arborescens. Arundo donax variegata. Asarina scandens. Asclepias ...
  • Florida Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia obliqua S.M.Hwang Aristolochia paecilantha Aristolochia pistolochia L. Aristolochia pontica Aristolochia quangbinhensis Aristolochia ringens Vahl - gaping Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia rotunda L. - smearwort, round birthwort, English mercury, mercury goosefoot, allgood, tola bona, fat hen - type species Aristolochia scytophylla S.M.Hwang & D.L.Chen Aristolochia sempervirens L. Aristolochia serpentaria L. - Virginia snakeroot Aristolochia sipho L'Hér. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia (English: /əˌrɪstəˈloʊkiə/) is a large plant genus with over 500 species that is the type genus of the family Aristolochiaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botanical Description available on pg 160 of Revision of the North and Central American Hexandrous Species of Aristolochia (Aristolochiaceae) , Howard W. Pfeifer, Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden , Vol. 53, No. 2. (uconn.edu)
  • Aristolochia sinoburmanica Y. H. Tan & B. Yang, a new species of Aristolochiaceae from Putao, Kachin State, Myanmar, is described and illustrated. (datadryad.org)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Aristolochia (family Aristolochiaceae ). (plantlist.org)
  • Chilean fox's ears Aristolochia clematitis L. - European birthwort Aristolochia contorta Aristolochia cucurbitifolia Hayata Aristolochia cucurbitoides C.F.Liang Aristolochia delavayi Franch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia didyma - yawar panga Aristolochia durior (= A. macrophylla) - common Dutchman's pipe, common pipevine Aristolochia eriantha Aristolochia esperanzae Kuntze Aristolochia fimbriata - white-veined Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia gibertii Aristolochia gigantea Mart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia gigantea is the biggest member of this family and that is no coincidence. (music-scan.de)
  • Aristolochia stevensii Barringer Aristolochia tagala - Indian birthwort Aristolochia thwaitesii Hook Aristolochia tomentosa Sims - woolly pipevine, woolly Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia tricaudata Aristolochia tuberosa C.F.Liang & S.M.Hwang Aristolochia utriformis S.M.Hwang Aristolochia watsonii Woot. (wikipedia.org)
  • mottled Dutchman's pipe, rooster flower Aristolochia lindneri Aristolochia littoralis D.Parodi - elegant Dutchman's pipe, calico flower Aristolochia longa - long aristolochia, sarrasine Aristolochia macrophylla Lam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia littoralis at Wikipedia. (uconn.edu)
  • Aristolochia littoralis auct. (henriettes-herb.com)
  • In Vitro and In Vivo Genotoxicity Assessment of Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom. (hindawi.com)
  • Aristolochic acid-1 and aristoloside from the rhizome of Aristolochia albida Duch. (rug.nl)
  • Phytochemical investigation of aristolochia albida duch. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Many species of Aristolochia are eaten by the caterpillar larvae of swallowtail butterflies, thus making themselves unpalatable to most predators. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to morphology (strongly curved perianth, 3-lobed limb, as well as 3-lobed gynostemium, anthers 6, adnate in 3 pairs to the base of gynostemium, opposite to the lobes), the species belongs to Aristolochia subgenus Siphisia. (datadryad.org)
  • Aristolochia is a genus of evergreen and deciduous lianas (woody vines) and herbaceous perennials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pipevines (genus Aristolochia ). (abirdshome.com)
  • Avant-garde green metal outfit BOTANIST have planted the new video ‚Aristolochia' , referring to a widespread family of evergreen and deciduous woody vines that act as fly-traps for pollination, as the first single taken from their forthcoming album „Paleobotany" that will sprout in shops on the release date of May 17, 2024 . (music-scan.de)
  • Aristolochia arborea Aristolochia baetica Aristolochia boosii Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia labiata Willd. (wikipedia.org)
  • California pipevine, California Dutchman's pipe Aristolochia cauliflora Ule Aristolochia chilensis Bridges ex Lindl. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia fimbriata Cham. (theplantlist.org)
  • The majority of tropical Pipevines, like this one, are not considered good choices whereas the native species as well as the Fringed Dutchman's Pipevine , Aristolochia fimbriata , are considered good hosts for these butterflies. (almostedenplants.com)
  • 1. The extract (Lot RK-3-27-1-AF) received for this study was compared to several samples of Aristolochia fangchi root and root samples of other Aristolochia species. (nih.gov)
  • There are some similarities to fingerprints of other Aristolochia species in some detection modes. (nih.gov)
  • Species such as the corn plant ( Dracaena fragrans ) grow outdoors in frost-free climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 and will suffer cold damage at temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit , while Dutchman's pipe ( Aristolochia macrophylla ) will survive outdoors in USDA zones 4 through 8 and can tolerate below-freezing temperatures. (gardenguides.com)
  • 13C-NMR data of diterpenes isolated from Aristolochia Species. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Aristolochia rotunda Linn in Hyperuricemia. (nih.gov)
  • Aristolochia rotunda L. (kadel.cz)
  • 15. Aristolochia debilis Sieb. (nih.gov)
  • Aristolochia macrophylla Lam. (bgbm.org)
  • Aristolochia insularis E.Nardi & Arrigoni, Boll. (kadel.cz)
  • In the 12th Report on Carcinogens , released in June 2011, the National Toxicology Program adds two substances to the list of known human carcinogens: formaldehyde (formerly listed as reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen) and aristolochic acids (botanical chemicals found in some Aristolochia - and Asarum -based herbal remedies, which are listed for the first time). (nih.gov)