Aristolochia: A plant genus of the family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. Species of this genus have been used in traditional medicine but they contain aristolochic acid which is associated with nephropathy. These are sometimes called 'snakeroot' but that name is also used with a number of other plants such as POLYGALA; SANICULA; ASARUM; ARISTOLOCHIA; AGERATINA; and others.Aristolochic Acids: Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).Balkan Nephropathy: A form of chronic interstitial nephritis that is endemic to limited areas of BULGARIA, the former YUGOSLAVIA, and ROMANIA. It is characterized by a progressive shrinking of the KIDNEYS that is often associated with uroepithelial tumors.Ethnopharmacology: The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.Mesenchymoma: A mixed mesenchymal tumor composed of two or more mesodermal cellular elements not commonly associated, not counting fibrous tissue as one of the elements. Mesenchymomas are widely distributed in the body and about 75% are malignant. (Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1866)Plant Somatic Embryogenesis Techniques: The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.Mikania: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain scandenolide (a sesquiterpene lactone) and germacranolides.Vapor Pressure: The contribution to barometric PRESSURE of gaseous substance in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Heel: The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.Aristolochiaceae: A plant family of the order Aristolochiales subclass Magnoliidae class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly tropical woody vines and a few temperate-zone species. The flowers are 3-parted; some species lack petals while others are large and foul smelling.Lobelia: A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE used medicinally and is a source of LOBELINE.Petunia: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.Glycyrrhiza: A genus of leguminous herbs or shrubs whose roots yield GLYCYRRHETINIC ACID and its derivative, CARBENOXOLONE.Polyalthia: A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. Members contain 8-oxopolyalthiaine.Chamaecrista: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Some species were reclassified from CASSIA and Senna.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Bacillales: An order of gram-positive bacteria in the class Bacilli, phylum Firmicutes.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Capsella: A plant genus of the family CRUCIFERAE.Sesbania: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain piperidine alkaloids (PIPERIDINES).Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Flatulence: Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.Melastomataceae: A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida composed of tropical plants with parallel-nerved leaves.Nitro Compounds: Compounds having the nitro group, -NO2, attached to carbon. When attached to nitrogen they are nitramines and attached to oxygen they are NITRATES.Butylene Glycols: 4-carbon straight chain aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl groups cannot be on the same carbon atom.Strongylida: An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Characteristics include an H-shaped excretory system with two subventral glands.Lignans: A class of dibenzylbutane derivatives which occurs in higher plants and in fluids (bile, serum, urine, etc.) in man and other animals. These compounds, which have a potential anti-cancer role, can be synthesized in vitro by human fecal flora. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)VietnamChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Lycopodiaceae: The club-moss plant family of the order Lycopodiales, class Lycopodiopsida, division Lycopodiophyta, subkingdom Tracheobionta. The common name of clubmoss applies to several genera of this family. Despite the name this is not one of the true mosses (BRYOPSIDA).Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Marsupialia: An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.Sarraceniaceae: A plant family of the order Nepenthales.FiresCaryophyllaceae: A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. The species are diverse in appearance and habitat; most have swollen leaf and stem joints.Borneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)Verbena: A plant genus of the family VERBENACEAE. Members contain verbenachalcone (dimeric dihydrochalcone), iridoids, and phenylethanoids.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Carya: A plant genus of the family JUGLANDACEAE that bears edible nuts.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Forehead: The part of the face above the eyes.Dictionaries, Medical

Long-term outcome of acute renal injury induced by Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom in rats. (1/31)

AIM: To investigate the long-term functional and morphological changes of the kidney induced by acute intoxication of Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom in rats. METHODS: Experimental model of acute renal injury was established in the Sprague-Dawley rats with oral administration of decoctions of Chinese herb, Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom, at dosages of 50 g.kg-1.d-1 and 30 g.kg-1.d-1 for 7 consecutive days, and 20 g.kg-1.d-1 for 15 consecutive days. Renal function was assayed at months 0 (right after treatment), 1, 3, and 6 of the experiment. Renal histological examination was also performed. RESULTS: 1) At month 0, the renal functional changes of acute renal injury included azotemia, low molecular weight proteinuria, glycosuria, hypoosmotic urine, and NAG enzymuria. Histopathological changes showed acute tubular necrosis, predominantly at the corticomedullary junction. 2) At months 1 and 3, the renal function of rats of the experiment was gradually restored and histopathologic examination suggested that the tubular lesions gradually recovered. In HE sections, basophilic deposits were observed in the tubular cytoplasm. And interstitial infiltration of inflammatory cells was not prominent. 3) At months 6, renal preneoplastic lesions, renal tumors, and extrarenal tumors occurred in rats. The occurrence of renal preneoplastic lesions at dosages of 50 g.kg-1.d-1, 30 g.kg-1.d-1, and 20 g.kg-1.d-1 were 100.0% at all three doses, renal tumors 42.8%, 25.0%, and 0%, respectively, extrarenal tumors 14.4%, 12.5%, and 12.5%, respectively, and systemic tumors 57.2%, 37.5%, and 12.5%, respectively. The occurrence of basophilic deposits, renal preneoplastic lesions, renal tumors, and extrarenal tumors in normal control group was nil. CONCLUSIONS: 1) Administration of large dosage of Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom induces acute renal failure in rats. 2) The long-term renal function and histopathologic changes of acute renal injury induced by Aristolochia manshuriensis Komrecover spontaneously. 3) Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom has been proved to be oncogenic for the first time.  (+info)

Progression rate of Chinese herb nephropathy: impact of Aristolochia fangchi ingested dose. (2/31)

BACKGROUND: Renal failure after ingestion of Chinese herbs between 1990 and 1992 was related to the replacement of Stephania tetrandra by Aristolochia fangchi (ST-AF), containing nephrotoxic and carcinogenic aristolochic acids. However, the relationship between ST-AF and renal failure is still a matter of debate. We therefore tested the impact of the ST-AF ingested dose on the progression of renal function deterioration. METHODS: Analysis of medical charts and prescriptions between 1990 and 1992 was carried out to determine the presence of risk factors for kidney failure and the cumulative dose of pill components. Individual progression rate of renal impairment was studied by the time-course of the inverse of blood creatinine level (1/P(creat)). RESULTS: Patients were divided into an end-stage renal disease (ESRD) group (n=44) and a chronic renal failure (CRF) group (n=27) according to their P(creat) at the time of this study. The mean number of risk factors (+/-SD) was equally distributed within both groups (1.50+/-0.18 vs 1.59+/-0.17, P=0.74). Patients from the ESRD group ingested significantly higher cumulative doses of ST--AF (192+/-13.1 g vs 138+/- 16.3 g), Magnolia officinalis, (80.1+/-6.3 g vs 59.8+/-11.7 g), diethylpropion (14.7+/-1.4 g vs 10.0+/-1.4 g) and fenfluramine (14.1+/-1.6 g vs 8.7+/-1.3 g). In the ESRD group, some patients who had received steroids had a slower progression to ESRD than the others. In multiple regression analysis, ST-AF emerged as the only significant drug predicting the slope of the progression of renal failure. Moreover, hypothesizing a linear dose-response relationship, the risk of developing ESRD linearly increased with ST-AF doses. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between the cumulative ST-AF dose and the renal failure progression rate confirms that regular ingestion of Aristolochia sp. extracts is causally involved in the onset of chronic interstitial nephropathy leading to ESRD.  (+info)

Trypanocidal constituents in plants 1. Evaluation of some Mexican plants for their trypanocidal activity and active constituents in Guaco, roots of Aristolochia taliscana. (3/31)

Crude extracts of Mexican medicinal plants were screened for trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, which is the etiological agent for Chagas' disease, one of the most serious protozoan diseases in Latin America. There were 43 kinds of methanolic and other organic extracts from 39 plants which were examined by the preliminary screening test to see immobilization of epimastigotes of T. cruzi in vitro. Eighteen of them showed activity at the concentration of 2 mg/ml after incubation for 2 h, while 13 showed activity at the concentration of 1 mg/ml after incubation for 48 h. Among them, the MeOH extract of roots of Aristolochia taliscana (Aristolochiaceae), locally known as "Guaco," immobilized all the epimastigotes even at lower concentration of 0.5 mg/ml (48 h). In order to identify principal compounds for this activity, the MeOH extract of Guaco was subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation. From the active fractions, four neolignans, eupomatenoid-7 (1), licarin A (2), eupomatenoid-1 (5) and licarin B (6), and two lignans, austrobailignan-7 (3) and fragransin E1 (4) were isolated. Compounds 1-4 immobilized all the epimastigotes at the minimum concentration of 25-75 microg/ml after incubation for 48 h, while compounds 5 and 6 were inactive. Corresponding concentration of gossypol, berberine chloride and harmine was 280 microg/ml, 300 microg/ml and >500 microg/ml, respectively.  (+info)

Neuroprotective effects of 2,5-diaryl-3,4-dimethyltetrahydrofuran neolignans. (4/31)

We previously reported the neurotrophic effects of talaumidin (1) from Aristolochia arcuata MASTERS. In the present study, we compared the neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects of six other 2,5-diaryl-3,4-dimethyltetrahydrofuran neolignans isolated from the same plant, veraguensin (2), galgravin (3), aristolignin (4), nectandrin A (5), isonectandrin B (6), and nectandrin B (7), with compound 1 in primary cultured rat neurons. Compounds 3-7 promoted neuronal survival and neurite outgrowth, among which compounds 6 and 7 showed neurotrophic activity comparable with that of 1. Furthermore, compounds 1-7 protected hippocampal neurons against amyloid beta peptide (Abeta25-35)-induced cytotoxicity, while compounds 1 and 4-7 protected against neuronal death from 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+)-induced toxicity in cultured rat hippocampal neurons.  (+info)

Endemic nephropathy: the case for chronic poisoning by aristolochia. (5/31)

AIM: To explore the hypothesis that chronic dietary poisoning by aristolochic acid could account for the unique geographical distribution, specific pattern of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, occurrence of chronic renal insufficiency, and an increased risk of developing upper urothelial cancer, all of which are associated with endemic nephropathy. METHODS: This case-controlled epidemiologic study consisted of three groups of subjects residing in an endemic region of Croatia: (a) patients meeting WHO criteria for endemic nephropathy (n=28), (b) individuals who have been treated for renal insufficiency secondary to other forms of renal disease (n=30), and (c) apparently healthy residents of the endemic village (n= 30). A detailed questionnaire, designed to collect information on demographics, exposure to potentially toxic substances, diet, agricultural practices, and other factors potentially impacting endemic nephropathy was administered to the three study groups. The seeds of Aristolochia clematitis, obtained from plants growing in the endemic region, were extracted with ethanol and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography for their aristolochic acid content. RESULTS: The majority of subjects, including 90% of endemic nephropathy patients, recall that the plant Aristolochia clematitis (birthwort, vucja stopa in Croatian) was frequently found in local meadows and wheat fields between 20 and 30 years ago. At that time, endemic nephropathy patients encountered Aristolochia clematitis significantly more frequently than controls (P=0.035). Since then, all three study groups reported a significant increase in the use of herbicides (P<0.001) and reduction in the prevalence of Aristolochia clematitis (P<0.001). Chemical analysis established that the seeds of A. clematitis contain 0.65% aristolochic acid. It is likely that the harvesting process used by local farmers permitted the seeds of A. clematitis to mingle with the wheat grain. CONCLUSION: Flour used to bake bread, a dietary staple in the endemic region of Croatia, is derived from wheat grain which, in the past, is likely to have been contaminated with seeds of A. clematitis during harvesting. This observation supports the hypothesis that aristolochic acid, a major constituent of the seeds, plays a central role in the development of endemic nephropathy.  (+info)

Role of exposure analysis in solving the mystery of Balkan endemic nephropathy. (6/31)

We evaluated the role of exposure analysis in assessing whether ochratoxin A or aristolochic acid are the agents responsible for causing Balkan endemic nephropathy. We constructed a framework for exposure analysis using the lessons learned from the study of endemic goiter within the context of an accepted general model. We used this framework to develop an exposure analysis model for Balkan endemic nephropathy, evaluated previous findings from the literature on ochratoxin A and aristolochic acid in the context of this model, discussed the strength of evidence for each, and proposed approaches to address critical outstanding questions. The pathway for exposure to ochratoxin A is well defined and there is evidence that humans have ingested ochratoxin A. Factors causing differential exposure to ochratoxin A and how ochratoxin A is implicated in Balkan endemic nephropathy are not defined. Although there is evidence of human exposure to aristolochic acid and that its effects are consistent with Balkan endemic nephropathy, a pathway for exposure to aristolochic acid has been suggested but not demonstrated. Factors causing differential exposure to aristolochic acid are not known. Exposure analysis results suggest that neither ochratoxin A nor aristolochic acid can be firmly linked to Balkan endemic nephropathy. However, this approach suggests future research directions that could provide critical evidence on exposure, which when linked with findings from the health sciences, may be able to demonstrate the cause of this disease and provide a basis for effective public health intervention strategies. One of the key unknowns for both agents is how differential exposure can occur.  (+info)

Role of environmental toxins in endemic (Balkan) nephropathy. October 2006, Zagreb, Croatia. (7/31)

An international symposium, held in Zagreb, Croatia, in October 2006, brought together basic scientists and clinical investigators engaged in research on endemic (Balkan) nephropathy, a chronic renal tubulointerstitial disease of previously unknown cause that often is accompanied by upper urinary tract urothelial cancer. Although this disease is endemic in rural areas of Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, and Serbia, a similar clinical entity occurs throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. Recent advances in the understanding of endemic nephropathy now favor the causative role of aristolochic acid over the ubiquitous mycotoxin known as ochratoxin A. Specifically, aristolactam-DNA adducts have been found in renal tissues and urothelial cancers of affected patients. A "signature" p53 mutation in the upper urothelial cancer associated with this disease provides evidence of long-term exposure to aristolochic acid. In addition, the renal pathophysiology and histopathology observed in endemic nephropathy most closely resemble the entity known as aristolochic acid nephropathy. Public health authorities in countries harboring this disease are encouraged to reduce the potential for dietary exposure to Aristolochia clematitis.  (+info)

Quantitative and qualitative changes in primary and secondary stem organization of Aristolochia macrophylla during ontogeny: functional growth analysis and experiments. (8/31)

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*List of wort plants

Birthwort - Aristolochia. Also, birthroot (Trillium erectum). Birthwort - Aristolochiaceae, the birthwort family. Bishop's wort ...

*List of plants of Burkina Faso

Aristolochia albida Duch. Asclepias curassavica L. Ascolepis brasiliensis (Kunth) Benth. Ascolepis capensis (Kunth) Ridl. ...

*List of plants of Caatinga vegetation of Brazil

Aristolochia allemanii Hoehne Aristolochia brasiliensis Mart. et Zucc. Aristolochia cymbifera Mart. et Zucc. Aristolochia ... ex Klotzsch Aristolochia galeata Mart. et Zucc. Aristolochia gigantea Mart. et Zucc. Acanthospermum australe (Loef.) O. Kunze ...

*Troides darsius

Feeds on Aristolochia (Moore.) Pale purplish ochreous, bent backwards anteriorly; thorax conical, the top flattened and its ... although the caterpillar feeds on the aristolochia and the betel leaf and suspends its chrysalis from its drooping tendrils. ...

*John George Champion

Aristolochiaceae) Aristolochia championii Merr. & Chun (Boraginaceae) Ehretia championii Wight & Gardner ex C.B.Clarke ( ...

*List of Australian plant species described by Robert Brown

Aristolochia pubera R.Br. Arthropodium cirratum (G.Forst.) R.Br. Arthropodium fimbriatum R.Br. Arthropodium minus R.Br. ...

*List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes

Dalziel Aristolochia albida Duch. (Aristolochia petersiana Klotzsch) Aristolochia littoralis Parodi (Aristolochia elegans Mast ...

*Battus lycidas

The larvae of Battus lycidas feed on Aristolochia huberiana. and on Aristolochia constricta. This species can be found from ...

*Euploea mulciber

Aristolochia spp., Argyreia penangiana, Ficus spp., Ficus retusa, F. benjamina, and Ichnocarpus volubis. Female ventral view. ...

*Savandurga

tree Aristolochia indica Juss. shrub Azadirachta indica Juss. tree Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Barleria involurata Nees. shrub ...

*List of Australian plant species authored by Ferdinand von Mueller

Aristolochia deltantha F.Muell. Aristolochia holtzei F.Muell. Aristolochia praevenosa F.Muell. Aristolochia thozetii F.Muell. ...

*List of the vascular plants in the Red Data Book of Russia

endangered) Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom. - (endangered) Asparagus brachyphyllus Turcz. - (rare) Asphodeline taurica (Pall. ...

*Trogonoptera trojana

The larvae feed on Aristolochia. Genus: Trogonoptera Rippon, 1890 Species: Trogonoptera brookiana Wallace, 1855 Subspecies: ...

*Inflorescence

Leafy inflorescence of Aristolochia clematitis. Plant organs can grow according to two different schemes, namely monopodial or ...

*Liana

e.g. P. lancifolius) Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia spp. Bignoniaceae Anemopaegma spp. Capparaceae Capparis spp. Connaraceae ...

*Allancastria caucasica

It feeds on Aristolochia species. Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S. (2000). "Zerynthia caucasica". The IUCN Red List of ...

*Parides phosphorus

The larvae feed on Aristolochia. P. p. phosphorus Guianas, eastern Venezuela, Brazil (Pará) P. p. gratianus (Hewitson, 1861) ...

*Pachliopta antiphus

The larvae feed on Aristolochia. P. a. antiphus P. a. acuta (Druce, 1873) (Philippines: Jolo, Mapun, Tawitawi, Sanga Sanga, ...

*Alwin Berger

Eine neue Aristolochia aus Bolivien. Stuttgart: Württ. Naturaliensammlung, 1927. Kakteen, anleitung zur kultur und kenntnis der ...

*Parides cutorina

It is found in the Neotropical ecozone (Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil: Pará and Amazonas). The larvae feed on Aristolochia. Collins ...

*Battus philenor hirsuta

"Jepson Flora Project: Aristolochia californica". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 30 August 2013. Fordyce, ... Aristolochia californica". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 26 (11): 2567-2578. doi:10.1023/a:1005588829864. [1]. ...

*List of California native plants

Dutchman's pipe vine (Aristolochia spp.). *Morning glory (Calystegia spp.). *Chaparral clematis (Clematis lasiantha) ...

*Battus belus

The larvae feed on Aristolochia species. "The male is called by Bates a swift and bold flier; the female with yellow area on ...

*Pachliopta phlegon

The larvae feed on Aristolochia species. Atrophaneura at Funet Page M. G.P & Treadaway,C. G. 2003 Schmetterlinge der Erde, ...

*Battus polydamas

The larvae feed on Aristolochia species. It is found in the Neotropic ecozone of North America and South America, and the ...
In previous reports, more than 100 phytochemical compounds of different Aristolochia species have been analyzed with their biological activities (Kuo et al., 2012; Wu et al., 2004), but total phytochemical study of the root, stem, leaf, and fruit of A. clematitis and other species of the genus has not been carried out. Aristolochia species showed antibacterial and antifungal effects against various microorganisms, such as Aristolochia indica against S. aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus megaterium, E. coli, Salmonella Typhi, and Vibrio cholerae (Farhana et al., 2016), Aristolochia bracteolata for Aspergillus flavus and Botrytis cinerea (Trayee et al., 2016), or A. trilobata, A. brevipes, Aristolochia monticola Brandegee and Aristolochia kristsagathra against S. aureus (Camporese et al., 2003; Moorthy et al., 2015; Murillo-Alvarez et al., 2001). Among the identified compounds, such as 7,9 dimethoxytariacuripyrone, licarin A and B have antimicrobial effect out of AAs (Kuo et al., ...
Aristolochia fimbriata aka White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe. Grows in Sun to Light Shade. Flower Color is Brown/Tan, Multicolor, Purple/Lavender and blooms in Summer. Hardiness zone 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. Characteristics: Fragrant Foliage Plants, Butterfly Attracting Plants, Deer Resistant Plants, Drought Tolerant Plants, Groundcovers, Pollinator Plants, Medicinal Plants, Ornamental Seed or Fruit, Tropical Looking Plants, Xeriscaping Plants, Patterned Foliage, Corms - Bulbs - Tubers, Ornamental Vines, Cottage Garden Plants, Fairy Garden Plants, Gnome Gardens, Living Wall, Rock Garden Plants, Southwest Garden Plants --- Aristolochia fimbriata, buy Aristolochia fimbriata for sale from Plant Delights Nursery, award-winning mail order perennial plants on-line; buy White Veined Dutchmans Pipe for sale, buy Aristolochia for sale, buy perennial plants for sale, sun garden perennials
1. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia: The malignant lie and the benign truth. J Register Chin Herbal Med 2013;10:39-41. 2. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia - die bösartige Lüge und die gutartige Wahrheit. Naturheilpraxis 2016;69:65-8. 3. Debelle FD, Vanherweghem JL and Nortier JL. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: a worldwide problem. Kidney Int 2008;74:158-69. 4. De Broe ME. On a nephrotoxic and carcinogenic slimming regimen. Am J Kidney Dis 1999;33:1171-3. 5. Wiebrecht A. Über die Aristolochia-Nephropathie. Dt Zschr Akupunktur 2000;43:187-97. 6. Gökmen MR, Cosyns JP, Arlt VM, et al. The epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of aristolochic acid nephropathy: a narrative review. Ann Intern Med 2013;158:469-77. 7. Pena JM, Borras M, Ramos J and Montoliu J. Rapidly progressive interstitial renal fibrosis due to a chronic intake of a herb (Aristolochia pistolochia) infusion. Nephrol Dial Transplant 1996;11:1359-60. 8. Yang L, Su T, Li XM, et al. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: variation in presentation and ...
1. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia: The malignant lie and the benign truth. J Register Chin Herbal Med 2013;10:39-41. 2. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia - die bösartige Lüge und die gutartige Wahrheit. Naturheilpraxis 2016;69:65-8. 3. Debelle FD, Vanherweghem JL and Nortier JL. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: a worldwide problem. Kidney Int 2008;74:158-69. 4. De Broe ME. On a nephrotoxic and carcinogenic slimming regimen. Am J Kidney Dis 1999;33:1171-3. 5. Wiebrecht A. Über die Aristolochia-Nephropathie. Dt Zschr Akupunktur 2000;43:187-97. 6. Gökmen MR, Cosyns JP, Arlt VM, et al. The epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of aristolochic acid nephropathy: a narrative review. Ann Intern Med 2013;158:469-77. 7. Pena JM, Borras M, Ramos J and Montoliu J. Rapidly progressive interstitial renal fibrosis due to a chronic intake of a herb (Aristolochia pistolochia) infusion. Nephrol Dial Transplant 1996;11:1359-60. 8. Yang L, Su T, Li XM, et al. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: variation in presentation and ...
You might recognize this as an amazingly large-flowered specimen of the group of vines known as Dutchmans pipes, or birthworts, genus Aristolochia, often grown in gardens, and with native species occurring in much of North America and the tropics. This giant-flowered species is ARISTOLOCHIA GRANDIFLORA, commonly called Brazilian Dutchmans Pipe or Giant Pelican Flower. Its a member of the Dutchmans Pipe or Birthwort Family, the Aristolochiaceae, native to Central and South America, but planted in the tropics and subtropics worldwide. Instead of the flowers consisting of the usual calyx and corolla, they produce a corolla-like calyx, or perianth. The perianths unusual U-shaped tubes helps the flower with its pollination. The blossoms strong fragrance entice insects, mostly flies, to enter the yellow opening, and descend the tube. In the above picture you can see that the tube constricts at its bottom, then opens into a larger chamber. This makes it harder for the pollinator to find the way ...
Antibacterial Activity of Aristolochia brevipes against Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Photo/image Birthwort (Aristolochia clematitis), Family: Aristolochiaceae. Location Hobro, Jylland, Danmark (Cultiv). Photographer: JC Schou, Photoid 47725
Molecular phylogenetic analyses were conducted to determine relationships and to investigate character evolution for the Troidini/Aristolochia interaction, in an attempt to answer the following questions: (1) what is the present pattern of use of Aristolochia by these butterflies; (2) is the pattern we see today related to the phylogeny of plants or to their chemical composition; (3) can the geographical distribution of Aristolochia explain the host plant use observed today; and (4) how did the interaction between Troidini and Aristolochia evolve? Analyses of character optimization suggest that the current pattern of host plant use of these butterflies does not seem to be constrained by the phylogeny of their food plants, neither by the secondary chemicals in these plants nor by their geographical similarity. The current host plant use in these butterflies seems to be simply opportunistic, with species with a wider geographical range using more species of host plants than those with a more ...
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Read "Genetic diversity of a rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai, Russian Journal of Genetics" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Buchwalder, K., Samain, M.-S., Sankowsky, G., Neinhuis, C., & Wanke, S. 2014. Nomenclatural updates of Aristolochia subgenus Pararistolochia (Aristolochiaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 27 (1): 48-55. doi: 10.1071/SB13042 reference page ...
Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
23. Aristolochia forrestiana J. S. Ma, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 11: 321. 1989. 大囊马兜铃 da nang ma dou ling Shrubs climbing. Stems terete, striate, glabrous. Petiole 2-3 cm, glabrous; leaf blade ovate to narrowly ovate, 9-13 × 3-5 cm, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, veins palmate, 6-8 pairs from base, base cordate, sinus 1.5-2 × 1-2 cm, apex acute. Flowers in axils of leafy shoots, solitary. Peduncle pendulous, 5-7 cm, pubescent; bractlets ovate or subulate, inserted near middle of peduncle. Calyx purple; tube geniculately curved, abaxially pubescent; basal portion of tube 15-20 × ca. 5 mm; limb saccate, asymmetric, ca. 6 × 1.5 cm, 3-lobed; lobes lanceolate, ca. 25 × 10 mm. Anthers not seen. Gynostemium 3-lobed. Fruit not seen.. * Yunnan.. ...
Brazilian Snake Root. Stitching pains in various parts. Pain in heels, burning in anus and frequent irritation. Flatulence in stomach and abdomen. Pain in back and extremities. Stiffness of legs. Pain in tendo-Achillis. Itching and swelling around the malleoli.. Relationship.--Compare: Aristolochia Serpentaria-Virginia Snake Root--(Symptoms of intestinal tract; colliquative diarrh a, meteorism. Flatulent dyspepsia. Brain congestion. Distention and cutting pains in abdomen. Symptoms like those of Poison-Oak).. Dose.--Lower potencies.. Copyright M di-T 1999. ...
Presented by M di-T Aristolochia Serpentaria.. Serpentary. Virginia Snake-root. N. O. Aristolochiace . Trituration of dried roots.. Clinical.─Dyspepsia. Flatulence.. Characteristics.─Serpentary was proved by J rgs provers and others. Its chief effects were noticed in the gastro-enteric organs, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, flatulence, and urging to stool. Increased and afterwards lost appetite. Irritation of the urinary and genital organs with frequent desire to micturate. As with A. milhomens, there was disturbed rest; also heat of the head.. SYMPTOMS.. 1. Mind.─Peevish mood.─Disinclination for work.. 2. Head.─Sticking in forehead extending to base of brain.─Increased warmth of head.. 8. Mouth.─Copious salivation with frequent spitting.. 11. Stomach.─Increased appetite; yet able to eat little, since the first morsels satisfy.─Loss of appetite.─Nausea and vomiting; vomiting did not cease till stomach was entirely emptied.─Distended feeling as if too ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Aristolochia inflata capsule image
Todays post was written by Soni, horticulturalist for our Butterfly Center. She and the other employees are hard at word preparing for our upcoming Plant Sale on April 10. photo credit: Randy Son Of Robert Got butterflies? Probably not, if your garden suffered freeze damage over the past few months. After this unusually long and […]. ...
Secoisolariciresinol dimethyl ether diacetate (2). Positive ES-MS m/z (rel. int.) 497 [M+Na]+ (80), 295 (100); 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.58 (2H, d, J = 2.0 Hz, H-2,2), 6.78 (2H, d, J = 8.0 Hz, H-5,5), 6.61 (2H, dd, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz, H-6,6), 2.67 (4H, m, H-7,7), 2.12 (2H, m, H-8,8), 4.05 (2H, dd, J = 11.5, 5.5 Hz, H-9,9), 4.22 (2H, m, H-9,9), 3.83, (6H, s, OMe-3,3), 3.87 (6H, s, OMe-4,4), 2.08 (6H, s, Me); 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3): δ 132.2 (C-1,1), 112.1 (C-2,2), 148.9 (C-3,3), 147.5 (C-4,4), 111.2 (C-5,5), 121.0 (C-6,6), 34.9 (C-7,7), 39.7 (C-8,8), 64.4 (C-9,9), 55.8, 55.9 (OMe-3,3,4,4), 171.0 (C=O), 21.0 (Me).. Thalictricoside (18). Colorless solid, m.p. 124.5-124.9 ºC (MeOH), [α]D29 -63.3º (MeOH, c. 0.13); Positive ES-MS m/z (rel. int.) 484 [M+Na]+ (100); 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.79 (2H, t, J = 7.0, H-1), 3.17 (2H, t, J = 7.0 Hz, H-2), 7.18 (2H, d, J = 8,8 Hz, H-2,6), 7.00 (2H, d, J = 8.8 Hz, H-3,5), 4.78 (1H, d, J = 7.5, H-1"), 3.23 (1H, m, H-2"), 3.25 ...
I know a lot of people who grow Carnivorous Plants also grow Aristolochias. Im always surprised that more dont. These Ill send for postage. I am al
De weg naar een perfecte tuin gaat niet over rozen. Lees over de belevenissen van een tuinkabouter die een echte tuinier wil worden. Boordevol zadenlijsten en heel veel tips en andere tuininformatie.
Store interior design for the cosmetic brand Aesop.. materials:. floor: cement tile. walls: stucco plaster / lime. product display: casting acrylic resin and fiberglass shelves. cash desk and water point: stucco sealer waterproof plywood, copper, solid birch. light: directional halogen Pslab spotlights, Workstead pendant light. indoor plant: Aristolochia macrophylla. ...
Looking for chemoreceptive? Find out information about chemoreceptive. The ability of organisms to detect changes in the chemical composition of their exterior or interior environment. It is a characteristic of every living... Explanation of chemoreceptive
Though this species is inconspicuous and rarely encountered unless actively sought, it is included here because of three fascinating ecological stories. One story is its pollination. Most pipevines are pollinated by deceiving insects into visiting the flowers; no reward is available. Usually the flowers smell like carrion or dung to attract insects that are seeking a place to lay eggs. The story of our species is even more remarkable. It is pollinated by Ceratopogonid flies; these are the small, blood-sucking flies that pester humans and other mammals in the humid summer. The flowers of Aristolochia watsonii resemble a mouse s ear translucent funnels with fur and veins and give off a musty odor. The fly apparently expects to find a blood meal, and instead is trapped inside the flower tube overnight. During the night the flower releases pollen. The following morning the flower releases the pollen-covered fly. If the fly visits another flower it effects pollination.. All pipevines contain a ...
Hundreds of herbal medicinal products will be banned from sale in Britain next year under what campaigners say is a "discriminatory and disproportionate" European law. With four months to go before the EU-wide ban is implemented, thousands of patients face the loss of herbal remedies that have been used in the UK for decades. From 1 May 2011, traditional herbal medicinal products must be licensed or prescribed by a registered herbal practitioner to comply with an EU directive passed in 2004. The directive was introduced in response to rising concern over adverse effects caused by herbal medicines. The UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has issued more than a dozen safety alerts in the past two years, including one over aristolochia, a banned toxic plant derivative which caused kidney failure in two women. Herbal practitioners say it is impossible for most herbal medicines to meet the licensing requirements for safety and quality, which are intended to be similar to ...
Parts of tracheary elements and associated parenchyma from stem of Aristolochia, as seen in longitudinal section. The secondary walls are stippled. The earliest part of the xylem is at the left. (After K. Esau, Plant Anatomy, 2d ed., John Wiley and ...
In our summary, we have attempted to show that CHT- although rarely - may cause significant side effects. Although many of the drugs have been used for millennia, the documentation and recognition of side effects in ancient and modern China were and remain fragmentary and unreliable. An example of this is mutong; although there had been incidents of severe and also deadly intoxications with Aristolochia in China (12), no adequate reaction on the part of the medical community or the Chinese authorities has yet taken place.. Some of these problems may well lead to a medical or legal situation, which is beyond the competence of most therapists. Collection of data, dissemination and strict observance of the existing knowledge about risks can help prevent AEs. If and when organ damage is observed, this is frequently and all-too-rapidly attributed to the administration of naturopathic remedies; an example of this is the (German) Federal Drug And Medical Devices Institutes (BfArM) reaction in the case ...
|p style=text-align: justify;|Part of a medical prescription, with ingredients including cinnamon, aristolochia, euphorbia, mint, and castor.|/p|
Materials scientists at Harvard University have created an ultraslippery material called SLIPS. These super-repellent, transparent windows can effectively repel wine, olive oil, and ketchup, while the surrounding surfaces become significantly stained. The material also resists heavy-duty oil, water, and ice.. Vogel, Aizenberg, and their colleagues sought to develop a coating that accomplished this and worked as SLIPS does. SLIPS thin layer of liquid lubricant allows liquids to flow easily over the surface, much as a thin layer of water in an ice rink helps an ice skater glide.. To create a SLIPS-like coating, the researchers corral a collection of tiny spherical particles of polystyrene, the main ingredient of Styrofoam, on a flat glass surface like a collection of pingpong balls. They pour liquid glass on them until the balls are more than half buried. After the glass solidifies, they burn away the beads, leaving a network of craters that resembles a honeycomb. They then coat that honeycomb ...
Principal Investigator:OKYYAMA Takashi, Project Period (FY):1990 - 1992, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research, Section:Joint Research
At almost the same time, in the early 1970s, France witnessed one of its first public exchange offers, with the hostile bid made by BSN to take over Saint-Gobain. The meeting with Saint-Gobain was a unique opportunity to enter a new dimension. Pont-à-Mousson came to Saint-Gobains rescue by making a counter bid, and the two companies with high-profile identities merged. Mr. de Vogüe relinquished his position to Mr Roger Martin, who became the first President of the new "Compagnie de Saint-Gobain - Pont-à-Mousson". The new giant was organized in three branches: Saint-Gobain SA (glass and packaging materials), Pont-à-Mousson Pipelines and Socea (water and sanitation). For Pont-à-Mousson, the 1970s were a time of diversification. Since 1986, President Jean-Louis Beffa and then President Pierre-André De Chalendar since 2010, have developed this group into a leading industrial player in most of its activities. The Saint-Gobain group resolutely focuses on internal growth, thanks to its constant ...
Growth hormone Receptor antibody [N3C2], Internal (growth hormone receptor) for IHC-P. Anti-Growth hormone Receptor pAb (GTX101192) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
The book links the broad areas of organizational behavior and information management. It looks at how organizations behave as information-seeking, information-creating, and information-using ... More. The book links the broad areas of organizational behavior and information management. It looks at how organizations behave as information-seeking, information-creating, and information-using communities, and introduces a unifying framework to show how organizations create meaning, knowledge, and action. The book presents a model of how organizations use information strategically to adapt to external change and to foster internal growth. This model examines how people and groups within organizations use information to create an identity and a shared context for action and reflection; to develop new knowledge and new capabilities; and to make decisions that commit resources and capabilities to purposeful action.Less ...
Masimo (NSDQ:MASI) will pay $47.25 million upfront to acquire the connected care business of Culver City, Calif.-based NantHealth (NSDQ: NH), the company said today.. NantHealths connected care business provides medical device interoperability to hospitals and health systems, with products including DCX device connectivity (formerly known as DeviceConX), VCX patient vitals software (formerly known as VitalsConX), the HBox connectivity hub, and Shuttle interface cable.. Masimo officials think the acquisition will boost the companys goal of providing more hospital automation, connectivity and innovative noninvasive monitoring technologies.. "Through connectivity, predictive algorithms and decision support, we hope to improve the continuum of great care. The connectivity assets we are acquiring are completely in line with our mission as they will help accelerate our internal growth initiatives in this area," Masimo CEO Joe Kiani said in a news release.. The connected care business at NantHealth ...
Our strong sales performance in the first quarter confirms we are capturing opportunities in our different growth pillars, both in emerging and developed markets, even in a global economic environment which remains challenging. By keeping the initiative and with appropriate pricing, we are building our market positions in different categories as part of our long-term, disciplined commitment to sustainable, profitable growth. We continue to increase investment in our brands, our innovation and new manufacturing and distribution capabilities, and will further drive our efficiency programmes across the world. I therefore reconfirm our outlook for 2010, both top and bottom line improvement.". Vevey, 22 April 2010 - In the first quarter of 2010, the Groups organic growth stood at 6.5%, including real internal growth of 4.8%. Foreign exchange impacted sales by -2.7%, while acquisitions, net of divestitures, added 0.6%. Overall, Group sales increased by 4.4%, to ...
KCHČSV ČR. Oficiální stránky Klubu chovatelů československého vlčáka v ČR. Akiak Garm z Holštejna. stránky Akiaka Garma z Holštejna (syn Kelta). Annie z Holštejna. osobní stránky Annie z Holštejna (dcera Kelta). Affinity z Holštejna. osobní stránky Affinity z Holštejna (dcera Kelta). Bellis Stín vlka. Osobni stránky Bellis Stín vlka. Stín vlka. Chovatelská stanice Československých vlčáků. Sotis , ch.stanice. Ares z Údolí komárů. Assyr z Údolí komárů. ZKO Libochovice. Chovatelská stanice Ytax. ...
Background: The CNS response to injury shares features with other organ systems, and includes surprisingly robust repair mechanisms. The cascade of events that leads to dysfunction and partial recovery after spinal cord injury, for example, includes overlapping degenerative and regenerative processes mediated by inflammation, excitotoxicity, growth and trophic factor production in all of the cellular components of the CNS including neurons, glia, immune cells, and vascular elements. In this complex cascade, neural connections may be broken and remade and the final functional outcome reflects the resolution of all of these interacting events. We think that a better understanding of the biology of the lesion and repair processes will lead to better strategies for providing protection against secondary injury, enhancing self-repair, and for engineering repair through the use of cellular implants and biomaterials. We also are invested in the production of useful in vitro and in vivo testing systems ...
Windows 7 is capable of certain levels of self-repair; One of new capabilities is its ability to recover from serious failures that can impact OSs ability to boot. How does Windows 7 handle these errors? Can you boot
The discovery of neural stem cells in the adult mammalian brain has motivated studies to understand both the regulation and potential therapeutic enhancement of neurogenesis for the treatment of various neuropathologies, including TBI (Zhao et al., 2008; Ming and Song, 2011). The initial excitement over the potential for self-repair has been tempered by the demonstration that contusive TBI results in the selective death of immature neurons (Gao et al., 2008), compromising the very cell population poised to compensate for trauma-induced neuronal loss within the dentate gyrus. Experimental blockade of the hippocampal neurogenic response exacerbates cognitive dysfunction following TBI (Blaiss et al., 2011), emphasizing the need to better understand the response of progenitors and newborn neurons to trauma. Here, we find that deficiency of the Rit GTPase markedly enhances the vulnerability of adult-born immature hippocampal neurons in response to CCI brain injury. These data suggest that Rit plays a ...
In vivo, adipose tissue demonstrates only a limited capacity for self-repair, and the long-term treatment of subcutaneous defects remains an unresolved clinical problem. With the goal of regenerating healthy tissues, many ...
Do you have a fracture? With this kit from the Center for Better Bones, you can speed up your healing time.. This kit contains Dr. Browns dietary recommendations and special supplements used at the Center for Better Bones to accelerate bone self-repair. Includes protocol for supplementation.. Kit includes:. An updated booklet by Dr. Susan Brown, "How to Speed Fracture Healing.". 1 8 oz. bottle of PERQUE Potent C Guard. 1 90-tab bottle of PERQUE Repair Guard. 1 60-cap bottle of BETTER BONES Super Antioxidant. 1 1 oz. bottle of XYMOGEN RegeneMax. 1 Free Sample of PERQUE Whey Guard ...
Biophysicist Jennifer Ross hopes to find the rules that govern how cells restructure and self-repair, with the goal of creating new materials that do the same thing.
Dr. Cohen responded: Yes. Our bodies as a whole usually do a great job of self-repair; as long as there is nothing to hinder the work efforts. Examples include |a href="/topics/poor-nutrition" track_data="{
We know a few things about what we define as life. All clearly categorized living things have a genome, a code of instructions that can be replicated by the organism. This genome also undergoes a process to create proteins based on that genome (traditionally transcription followed by translation), which can be used for a variety of purposes. These features function elegantly, but their function seems little more than that of a machine. The genome is the programming code, the proteins created by that code are the gears (enzymes and cell signaling proteins), and while capable of some self-repair there comes a point when the machine is no longer capable of functioning. In machines we might call it simply "irreparably damaged" or "junk." In life we call it "dead." A "living" machine must be organic and utilize a genome, certainly, but that makes it a category of machinery, not a classification separate from it. Viruses are merely simpler organic machines. They are capable of a set of processes ...
Nice find Keri, reblogged from https://followingworldchange.wordpress.com/ November 29, 2015 · by whatintheworld http://www.herbs-info.com/blog/amazing-new-paste-heals-cavities-without-drilling/?c=d An incredible breakthrough treatment for tooth decay is set to be unveiled shortly: A team of researchers in Japan led by Kazue Yamagishi, D.M.D. have come up with a special paste that regenerates the tooth enamel, causing teeth to self-repair. This is…
Researchers have found a common link between muscle weakness in alcoholics and mitochondrial disease: mitochondria that are unable to self-repair. The research could lead to both a new diagnostics for mitochondrial disease and a new drug target.
Zo sumy 650.000 eur, ktorú Ministerstvo životného prostredia (MŽP) SR v tomto roku rozdelí na boj proti komárom, dostane Banskobystrický kraj 30.000 eur
5 maja po godzinie 16.30 straż pożarna interweniowała na ulicy Nowowiejskiej 35 w Dzierżoniowie, gdzie doszło do pożaru trzech komórek gospodarczych. Na miejscu pracowały trzy zastępy Państwowej Straży Pożarnej i policja. Prawdopodobnie do pożaru doprowadziła nieumyślnie jedna z lokatorek. Foto.: Krzysztof Brzeźn
Rośliny kwiatowe przechodzą fazę wzrostu wegetatywnego (wytwarzanie pędów i liści) i fazę kwitnienia, w trakcie której wytwarzają organy służące do rozmnażania płciowego U roślin jednorocznych faza wegetatywna zaczyna się w momencie kiełkowania nasion. Następująca po niej faza kwitnienia kończy się starzeniem się i śmiercią rośliny. U roślin dwuletnich, faza wegetatywna trwa przez pierwszy rok, w drugim roku następuje kwitnienie, które kończy się śmiercią rośliny. U roślin wieloletnich, kwitnienie następuje co rok, przez wiele lat. Wzrost wegetatywny pędu następuje w merystemie wierzchołkowym. Jest to masa niezróżnicowanych komórek na szczycie pędu. Podziały mitotyczne tych komórek wytwarzają komórki, które różnicują w części pędu, liście, wtórne merystemy (zwane też pączkami bocznymi) - dają początek rozgałęzieniom pędu.
TMD charakteryzuje się obecnością we krwi obwodowej młodych niedojrzałych komórek hematopoetycznych, które naciekają narządy hematopoezy pozaszpikowej, a ich obecność także w innych ważnych dla życia narządach i układach może stanowić źródło zagrażających życiu powikłań (3, 8). Początkowy obraz kliniczny zespołu nie pozwala na zróżnicowanie z białaczką wrodzoną. Do charakterystycznych objawów klinicznych obu jednostek chorobowych należą zmiany na skórze (bladość, wybroczyny), limfadenopatia, hepatosplenomegalia. W badaniu morfologii krwi obwodowej stwierdza się hiperleukocytozę blastyczną, obecna może być niedokrwistość, małopłytkowość. W przypadku TMD odsetek komórek blastycznych często przekracza odsetek blastów w szpiku. Rozpoznanie wstępne oparte jest na ocenie cytomorfologicznej, immunofenotypowej komórek krwi obwodowej i szpiku (2, 9). Immunofenotyp blastów w TMD odpowiada najczęściej megakarioblastom, czyli podtypowi M7 według ...
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Kom rom-Esztergom megye > Tatab nya. Tatab nya Kom rom-Esztergom megye legnagyobb l leksz m telep l se. 1947-ben n gy k zs g: Als galla, B nhida, Fels galla, Tatab nya egyes l s vel alakult v ross . rdekes, izgalmas, folyton v ltoz
Jak tak jdou po strani uvidi bacu jak doji kozu. Zeptaji se ho jestli nevi kolik je hodin. Baca zvedne vemeno a rekne ze ctvrt na tri. Oni jdou dal, ale neda jim to. Tak jdou zpatky stejnou cestou a znovu se ho zeptaji jestli nevi kolik je hodin. Baca zase zvedne vemeno a rekne jim ze pul pate. Oni to nevydrzi a zeptaji se ho jak pozna podle vemena kolik je hodin. A baca na to ze kdyz zvedne to vemeno tak vidi pod kozou na vez dole ve vesnici. ...
Jak tak jdou po strani uvidi bacu jak doji kozu. Zeptaji se ho jestli nevi kolik je hodin. Baca zvedne vemeno a rekne ze ctvrt na tri. Oni jdou dal, ale neda jim to. Tak jdou zpatky stejnou cestou a znovu se ho zeptaji jestli nevi kolik je hodin. Baca zase zvedne vemeno a rekne jim ze pul pate. Oni to nevydrzi a zeptaji se ho jak pozna podle vemena kolik je hodin. A baca na to ze kdyz zvedne to vemeno tak vidi pod kozou na vez dole ve vesnici. ...
8. Feb 2006. Tidligere SV-leder Berit s ville ofre Hanna Kvanmo for sikre SVs. Blant de som visste bruke dommen mot Kvanmo aktivt, var noen av Hanna Kvanmo Dommen omslag ded Gyld 1990 3 oppl pen Hanna Kvanmo Dommen omslag ded Gyld 1990 3 oppl pen Kr. 200-Legg i handlekurv Ligger i 21. Sep 2015. Den dommen hang ved kvinnene lenge etter at de hadde sonet ferdig. Tidligere SV-leder Hanna Kvanmo var en av de frste som satte 20. Mai 2018. Utdraget over er hentet fra boken Dommen skrevet av Hanna Kvanmo, tidligere parlamentariske leder for SV, i 1990-og er et unikt vitnesbyrd Hanna Kvanmo kom ein gong i skade for kalle Jan P. Syse arrogant. Utanfor Stortinget har politikarane berre folkemeininga og dommen i det politiske I januar 1974 kom Hanna Kvanmo 1926-2005 som nyvalgt stortingsrepresentant for Sosialistisk Venstreparti i medienes skelys. Bakgrunnen var at det hadde Hanna Kvanmo var nazi under krigen og ble dmt for landssvik-men. Og nr de blir minnet om Hanna Kvanmo sin dom for landssvik det er 9. ...
Today I have made a list for the bike and components mounted or on their way arriving. It is nice to see that my bike as many others is a United Nations bike ...
In this review, recent progress relating to the integration of nuclear events was discussed, e.g. deciphering how RNAP II functions in the various RNA processing reactions needed to synthesize …
Kom hjem i nat efter et par dage i Simrishamn sammen med Jarl som gast og en flok fra JSK. Det blev til tre laks i alt hvoraf en på 4 kg. er kommet i fryseren ...
Mukozitis može biti ozbiljna posljedica onkološke terapije i može se pojaviti u bilo kojem dijelu probavnog trakta i prouzročiti razne teške nuspojave kao što je nemogućnost unosa hrane, što za sobom nosi rizik za pothranjenost, što na kraju može doći i do smrtnog ishoda. Mukozitis se odnosi na oštećenje sluznice usne šupljine, farinksa, larinksa, jednjaka, te ostalih dijelova gastrointestinalnog trakta, zbog primjene terapije prilikom liječenja maligne bolesti. Kada se govori o oralnom mukozitisu misli se na ulceroznu, bolnu upalu sluznice usta i ždrijela.(1) U onkologiji "mukozitis probavnog trakta" označava oštećenje sluznice usne šupljine i/ili gastrointestinalnog trakta, nastao kemo, radio ili ciljanom onkološkom terapijom. Može biti različitog stupnja izraženosti, od minimalnog pa do po život opasnog. Sam mukozitis sve češće predstavlja granicu toksičnosti onkološkog liječenja, samim tim određujući i kontrolu maligne bolesti. (2) Termini "oralni mukozitis" ...
Det er per i dag ikke etablert noen sikker årsaksrettet sammenheng mellom bruken av bisfosfonater og kjevebensnekrose, men flere publikasjoner siden de første kom i 2003 og frem til i dag antyder at det er en assosiasjon ...
Európske monitorovacie centrum pre drogy a drogovú závislosť (EMCDDA) bolo zriadené v roku 1993. Centrum bolo slávnostne otvorené v roku 1995 v Lisabone a je jednou z decentralizovaných agentúr EÚ. Úlohou EMCDDA je poskytovať EÚ a jej členským štátom faktický prehľad o európskej drogovej problematike a spoľahlivé dôkazy na podporu diskusie o drogách. Politickým činiteľom v súčasnosti ponúka údaje, ktoré sú potrebné na vypracovanie kvalifikovaných právnych predpisov a stratégií týkajúcich sa drog. Centrum takisto pomáha odborníkom a ľuďom z praxe, ktorí pracujú v tejto oblasti, identifikovať osvedčené postupy a nové oblasti výskumu.. ...
KOMBINACJA DWÓCH MINERAŁÓW - CYNKU I MAGNEZU ORAZ WITAMINY B6 W KAPSUŁKACH. ZMA jest to produkt uzupełniający dietę w cynk, magnez oraz witaminę B6. Magnez zapewnia prawidłowe funkcjonowanie mięśni, pomaga zmniejszyć uczucie zmęczenia i znużenia oraz utrzymuje prawidłowy poziom metabolizmu, a wraz z cynkiem pomaga w prawidłowej syntezie białek. Cynk jest niezbędny do utrzymania prawidłowego poziomu testosteronu we krwi, funkcjonowania układu immunologicznego oraz chroni komórki przed stresem oksydacyjnym. Witamina B6 pomaga w regulacji aktywności hormonalnej oraz produkcji czerwonych krwinek krwi.. ...
Mil Lenny, p edev m by jsme si m li po dit tolik d ti ek kolik jsme schopny u ivit a starat se o n , a ne fetovat, chodit po hern ch hr t automaty, chlastat, provozovat kupl stv a prostituci a d lat pas ky mimo jin i sv m mnohdy nezletil m d tem.. D le bychom se nem li chovat jako kuka ky nech vat sebe a sv milovan d tka ivit na ciz kor z pen z kter jsou ur eny pro ty jen se doopravdy dostali do t iv ivotni situaci, nem li bychom parazitovat na spole nosti a jako kl t vycuc vat ty posledn kapky krvi.. M li bychom si uv domit e soci ln sektor nen nevy erpateln , a e kdy budeme pokra ovat ve sv m jednan stejn m zp sobem tak jednou se stane to, e vym ou na e ivitele a nebude komu n s ivit, ili nebudeme m t na kom se p i ivovat a to bez ohledu na to kdo jsme jestli jsme in ni, v tn mci, neg i nebo jak se dnes ika afro-ameri ani, arabove, ma a , e i, morav ci, rusove, krajinci, slov ci, polaci, n mci, angli an , ameri ani cikan , romove a.t.d.,jestli e ijeme v echach tak by chom se m li chovat jako ...
Jolanda (Kunjijook) | Ik ben gek op handwerken. Oude technieken in een nieuw jasje. Onthaasten. Kom gerust eens kijken in mijn webwinkel of geef je op voor een workshop. Samen=leuker
Kom við tveimum journalistum á eina ferð kring heimin, til klima-brennideplarnir, har alt meira ógvusligt veður broytir livikorini fyri heilt vanlig menniskju. Og hoyr klimaprofessaran seta lagnurnar hjá hesum menniskjum í eitt vísindaligt høpi ...
Kuur en Gezondheidscentrum Kom bij ons sapvasten een manier van Detoxen (Ontgiften)! Voordelige Kuurweekenden · Detox Kuurweken · Detox Thema weken · Behandelingen · Darmreiniging · Professionele Begeleiding · Effecief Vasten
Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is found in certain rural areas of the Balkans and affects at least 25 000 inhabitants. Of the many hypotheses on BEN, the Aristolochia hypothesis has recently gained ground substantiated by the investigations on aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN). On both clinical and morphological grounds, AAN is very similar to BEN. That exposure to aristolochic acid (AA) of individuals living in endemic areas through consumption of bread made with flour contaminated with seeds of Aristolochia clematitis is responsible for BEN is an old hypothesis, but one which is fully consistent with the unique epidemiologic features of BEN. Here, we propose an approach to investigate AA-induced mutagenesis in BEN that can provide molecular clues to the aetiology of its associated urothelial cancer. The molecular mechanism of AA-induced carcinogenesis demonstrates a strong association between DNA adduct formation, mutation pattern and tumour development. A clear link between urothelial ...
Larvae of the butterfly, Battus polydamas archidamas (Papilionidae: Troidini) feed exclusively on aristolochic acid (AAs)-containing Aristolochia species (Aristolochiaceae). The distribution of sequestrated AAs in the tissues (body, integument...
Aristolochic acid (AA) is a class of carcinogenic and nephrotoxic nitrophenanthrene carboxylic acids naturally found in Aristolochia plants. These plants have been widely used as herbal medicines and also enter the human food chain as the persistent soil pollutants. It has been known that AA exposure is implicated in multiple cancer types, kidney failure and ovarian dysfunction. However, whether AA exposure would influence the oocyte quality has not yet determined. Here, we document that AAI has the negative effects on the competency of oocyte maturation and fertilization. We show that AAI exposure leads to the oocyte meiotic failure via impairing the meiotic apparatus, displaying a prominently defective spindle assembly, actin dynamics and mitochondrial integrity. AAI exposure also causes the abnormal distribution of cortical granules and ovastacin, which is consistent with the observation that fewer sperm bound to the zona pellucida surrounding the unfertilized AAI-exposed eggs, contributing to the
Parides phosphorus is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae. It is found in the Neotropical ecozone. The larvae feed on Aristolochia. P. p. phosphorus Guianas, eastern Venezuela, Brazil (Pará) P. p. gratianus (Hewitson, 1861) Colombia P. p. vavi Racheli, 1992 P. p. zopyron Lamas, 1998 northern Peru P. p. laurae Bollino & Costa, 2004 southeastern Venezuela Collins, N. Mark; Morris, Michael G. (1985). Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland & Cambridge: IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6. Lewis, H. L., 1974 Butterflies of the World ISBN 0-245-52097-X Page 26, figure 20 Edwin Möhn, 2006 Schmetterlinge der Erde, Butterflies of the World Part XXVI (26), Papilionidae XIII. Parides. Edited by Erich Bauer and Thomas Frankenbach Keltern: Goecke & Evers; Canterbury: Hillside Books. ISBN 978-3-937783-27-7 (Supplement 13 in English - by Racheli ...
(HealthDay)-Although the first description of a rapidly progressive nephropathy associated with the consumption of aristolochic acid (AA) found in Chinese herbs was first reported 20 years ago, AA-induced nephropathy remains ...
Luckily, hundreds of studies have examined the purported benefits of various alternative-medicine treatments. In "Trick or Treatment," Simon Singh and Dr. Edzard Ernst report on the results. Ginseng has been proposed as a cure-all for everything from cancer to common colds, but theres no evidence that it does any good. Shiatsu massage appears to be a "waste of effort and expense," the authors say. Many aspects of traditional Chinese medicine, like the use of the herbs aristolochia and liquorice, are potentially harmful. Aromatherapy can relieve stress, but there is not a lick of evidence that it can treat a specific illness. Chelation therapy -- a legitimate method of removing heavy metals such as lead or mercury from the body, but now pitched in alternative-medicine circles as a cure for heart disease and other ailments -- is "disproven, expensive, and dangerous," according to Mr. Singh and Dr. Ernst. They urge patients "not to use this treatment ...
Flowering Vine Seeds For Sale In United Kingdom. Japanese Hydrangea-vine, Japanese Hydrangea Vine Schizophragma hydrangeoides, japanese hydrangea-vine, japanese hydrangea vine schizophragma hydrangeoides and Dutchmans Pipe Aristolochia debilis
Neutron radiography and X-ray computed tomography for quantifying weathering and water uptake processes inside porous limestone used as building ...
cytokines and chemokines, and remodeling of the extracellular matrix. Endogenous stem and progenitor cells are among the cell populations that are involved in the injury responses. In normal steady-state conditions, an equilibrium is maintained in which endogenous stem cells intrinsic to the tissue replenish dying cells. After tissue injury, stem cells in organs, such as the liver and skin, have a remarkable ability to regenerate the organ, whereas other stem cell populations, such as those in the heart and brain, have a much more limited capability for self-repair. In rare circumstances, circulating stem cells may contribute to regenerative responses by migrating into a tissue and differentiating into organ-specific cell types. The goal of stem cell therapies is to promote cell replacement in organs that are damaged beyond their ability for self-repair. ...
Opening up a new field of construction technology, DARPA is envisioning futuristic self-repairing materials grown from genetically engineered seeds.
It is currently difficult to obtain accurate fine dust information in residential areas due to the insufficient number of air quality monitoring systems and spatial imbalances. Therefore, a detailed particulate matter dispersion model including factors such as land use and meteorological information was developed in this study and used to create fine dust concentration distribution maps. The fine dust concentration distribution maps currently available to citizens were compared with those obtained by dispersion modeling, and population distribution data were employed to compare the populations exposed to fine dust according to the two methods. The results of the existing method and the developed particulate matter dispersion model differed significantly. For instance, the PM2.5 concentrations in Daejeon, South Korea, on February 17, 2018, were 56% “Good” and 44% “Moderate,” according to the existing method, while they were 31% “Good,” 26% “Moderate,” 28%
Independently of the used tool, the controllers must identify the strong points of the management, as well as weak and those that need to be worked, so that future problems can be prevented that impactem negative in the performance of the professionals. 9 - Career - the employee who dresses the shirt of the company and if applies with tenacity to its responsibilities also has in mind who its devotion will bring not only resulted for the organization, but for its career. Whenever possible, the company must keep an opened canal to talk with the employee and to know what it waits in terms of perspectives of professional ascension. From the moment where if a career plan elaborates, for example, the company earns in such a way how much the collaborator because it will search the development of new abilities mannering techniques and that they will open new chances of internal growth. What Health recognizes the significance of this. 10 - X estresse - Ahead of as much requirement in the half ...
Workplace for non-destructive testing, diagnostics and 3D visualisation with the help of the neutron radiography and tomography.. The project solves establishment of a workplace for sample analysis with the help of neutron radiography on the horizontal channels of the research reactor LVR-15 in co-operation with ČVUT in Prague and ÚJF AV ČR.. The project TA01010237 is solved with financial support from TA ČR.. ...
The hygroscopicity of wood influences wooden musical instruments in various ways. On the one hand, the moisture content (MC) affects mechanical and acoustical properties via density, stiffness and damping. On the other hand, changes in MC result in swelling and shrinkage. Moreover, spatial MC gradients can lead to high internal stresses, which may result in cracks and fracture.. Varnishes act as a retarding barrier for moisture diffusion. Hitherto, the effect of varnish has been noted in terms of structural deformations (i.e. board cupping due to the one-sided varnish application) or as altered mass changes. However, more detailed studies on the impact of varnishes on the dynamics of the spatial MC distribution are scarce. Furthermore, old instruments commonly show a typical wear pattern. Areas that are regularly exposed to contact, sweat and/or breath, suffer from varnish deterioration. This raises the question whether the remaining varnish in worn off areas, mainly consisting of grounding or ...
Publisher: Wiley Online. Date Issued: 2016-10-14. Abstract: Selective ring opening of cellulose-derived furanic molecules is a promising pathway for the production of industrially relevant linear oxygenates, such as 1,6-hexanediol. 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF) is employed as a model compound in combined experimental and computational investigations to provide insights into metal-catalyzed ring opening. Ring opening to 2-hexanol and 2-hexanone and ring saturation to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran (DMTHF) are identified as two main parallel pathways. Density functional theory calculations and microkinetic modeling indicate DMF adsorbs on Ru in an open-ring configuration, which is potentially a common surface intermediate leading to both ring opening and ring saturation products. While the activation barriers for the two pathways are comparable, formation of DMTHF is more thermodynamically favorable. In addition, steric interactions with co-adsorbed 2-propoxyl, derived from the solvent, and the oxophilic ...
Restore and renew.. "Significantly reduces the loss of cells in the epidermis.". "Regenerate cells and repair tissue.". The newest skin creams beckon with an air of scientific gravitas, holding out the hope that now, at last, medicine has triumphed over the visible aging process. With tantalizing biological references and understated packaging, the products are among the first to capitalize on the publics insatiable appetite for stem-cell technology. "The goal of these products is to create a more youthful cell that would replenish elastin and collagen," says Dr. Kenneth Beer, a West Palm Beach, Fla., dermatologist. A clinical instructor at the University of Miami, he conducts clinical trials on skin-care products. And, of course, what better way to do that than to harness stem cells, those potential miracles of self-repair and curative power on which society is pinning so many medical hopes? But a word of caution before you plunk down $80 or $155 for these potions: They might be no better than ...
Many theories have been advanced to better understand why β cell function and structure relentlessly deteriorate during the course of type 2 diabetes (T2D). These theories include inflammation, apoptosis, replication, neogenesis, autophagy, differentiation, dedifferentiation, and decreased levels of insulin gene regulatory proteins. However, none of these have considered the possibility that endogenous self-repair of existing β cells may be an important factor. To examine this hypothesis, we conducted studies with female Zucker diabetic fatty rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 1, 2, 4, 7, 9, 18, or 28 days, followed by a return to regular chow for 2-3 weeks. Repair was defined as reversal of elevated blood glucose and of inappropriately low blood insulin levels caused by a HFD, as well as reversal of structural damage visualized by imaging studies. We observed evidence of functional β cell damage after a 9-day exposure to a HFD and then repair after 2-3 weeks of being returned to normal chow ...
Many theories have been advanced to better understand why β cell function and structure relentlessly deteriorate during the course of type 2 diabetes (T2D). These theories include inflammation, apoptosis, replication, neogenesis, autophagy, differentiation, dedifferentiation, and decreased levels of insulin gene regulatory proteins. However, none of these have considered the possibility that endogenous self-repair of existing β cells may be an important factor. To examine this hypothesis, we conducted studies with female Zucker diabetic fatty rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 1, 2, 4, 7, 9, 18, or 28 days, followed by a return to regular chow for 2-3 weeks. Repair was defined as reversal of elevated blood glucose and of inappropriately low blood insulin levels caused by a HFD, as well as reversal of structural damage visualized by imaging studies. We observed evidence of functional β cell damage after a 9-day exposure to a HFD and then repair after 2-3 weeks of being returned to normal chow ...
Patrick ONeil wrote: ,There is a present balance in its production verses a biological need for ,free radicals. If you simply increase expression of free radical ,quenchers such as SOD, you are insured to dork up biologically important ,radical reactions in regards to nucleic acid synthesis, electron ,transport, immune response, and a host of others known and unknown. The ,bodys balance of expression vs inhibition of various enzymes is set for ,best performance under the circumstances. It would not appear that unlikely that the balance is slightly suboptimal (at least on longer timescales) simply because evolution dont favor very long lifespans or spending more energy on self-repair. ,I am not saying that any ,increase in expression is sure to screw up the works, but on the other ,hand, it is not just as simple as saying, Ah, free radical scavenger. ,Just increase the expression of that gene and viola! Happy, healthy ,body! Yes, its quite complex. If it was easy, everybody would be doing it ...
The skin is a dynamic organ that contains different cells that are activated when the tissue is under attack by invading external aggressors (such as pathogens, pollution). As your skin is the first defense against irritants like time, exposure and stress, the condition of your skins immunity is critical towards self-repair.. Langerhans cells (present in the epidermis) play a crucial role in skin immunity, triggering defenses against stressors to achieve skin's highest beauty potential. When the function of Langerhans cells declines due to UV rays, dryness and emotional stress, it can cause skin concerns to appear such as loss of firmness, and wrinkles and dark spots appear.. After more than 20 years of research, Shiseido has determined the effect immunity has on the condition of the skin and created a complex that successfully supports Langerhans cells.*. *in vitro test. ...
What disables the bodys natural self-repair mechanisms? We all know that stress is bad for the body. But do you understand how this works? Loads of data proves that stress comes in different forms -- the stress of feeling lonely, work stress, financial stress, marital stress, family stress, the stress of feeling creatively blocked or spiritually disconnected. Regardless of what triggers it, stress flips on a series of physiological cascades associated with the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the "fight or flight" response of the sympathetic nervous system. In other words, whether youre stressed about money, your marriage, or your job, your body cant tell the difference between a perceived threat, such as impending bankruptcy, and a real threat, such as getting chased by a lion ...
The effects of combined treatment with Guan-mu-tong (Gmt: Caulis aristolochiae manshuriensis) and other major components of Shi-Liu-Wei-Liu-Qi-Yin (SLWLQY), a Chinese herbal medicine prescribed for breast diseases, on normal and preneoplastic mammary gland growth were investigated. SHN virgin mice were divided into 6 groups at 3 months of age and treated ...
as: (because) pro ke; as (=because) he looked like an intelligent boy, I took him as an assistant: pro ke la puero aspektis inteligenta, me engajis il kom (od, esar) helpanto; (likeness) quale; il agis quale experto (i.e., like an expert, which he was not); (identity) kom; il agis kom experto (i.e., he was an expert); (Note: Kom is used also for the role: He appeared as Hamlet: il aparis kom Hamlet; similarly with all verbs signifying to do, to speak, to write: kom prezidanto, kom sekretario; (similarity) tam . . . kam: Li esas tam simila kam du pizi: they are as alike as two peas; (comparison, degree) tam . . . kam: tam richa kam: as rich as; tam longe kam: as long as (followed by verb); (in accordance) segun: il agis segun vua demando: he acted as you requested; (while) dum: he died as a prisoner: (il mortis dum des-libereso); as big again: du-ople granda kam; as early as: tam frue kam posible; as a whole: generale; as far as: (place) ad hike, ad ibe; (quantity) segun quante; (time) til nun; ...
Impressed with Priyanka Chopras dedication, her boxing coach Ravi Saharn says she is doing much more than just preparing for her role as Mary Kom. Priyanka will soon be seen in Sanjay Bhansalis biopic on Mary Kom.
Guiry, Michael D. (2015). Dolichospermum mucosum (Komárková-Legnerová & Eloranta) Wacklin, L.Hoffmann & Komárek, 2009. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2017). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=625405 on 2017-12- ...
DI-fusion, le Dépôt institutionnel numérique de lULB, est loutil de référencementde la production scientifique de lULB.Linterface de recherche DI-fusion permet de consulter les publications des chercheurs de lULB et les thèses qui y ont été défendues.
For example, ingestion exposure may occur through ingestion of tap water, ingestion of water while swimming, ingestion of food etc. Similarly, dermal exposure may occur through contact with water while swimming or showering or through coming into contact with contaminated soil, dust or vapor. There are two approaches that may be used in evaluation of exposure. EPA regulations state that the exposure assessment should be based on the criteria of "Maximum Exposed Individual" (MEI). This implies that the MEI, on a daily basis, breathes contaminated air, ingests and is in dermal contact with contaminated soil, consumes contaminated water, fish, beef and dairy products etc. Exposure analysis through three primary pathways, which are inhalation exposure, dermal exposure and ingestion exposure. These exposure pathway models include other subcategory models based on the specific routes of exposure considered; and, xiv. Dynamic linking of Monte Carlo module in the RISK software for uncertainty analysis. ...
Kevin Eggan is the author of these articles in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: Barwy Pasażowanie ludzkich embrionalnych komórek macierzystych linii Trypsyna, Zamrażanie komórek ES człowieka, Człowieka komórek ES: Kultura Od mrożone komórki, Transfer jądra do komórki jajowej myszy, Modelling Zika Virus Infection of the Developing Human Brain In Vitro Using Stem Cell Derived Cerebral Organoids
Fotooddychanie można wyeliminować poprzez zwiększenie stężenia CO2 bądź też obniżenie stężenia O2. Przy fizjologicznym wartościach (pH 7,5 - 8,0) udział CO2 w zawartości węgla nieorganicznego mieści się w granicach 2-5%. U roślin C4 efekt konkurowania O2 z CO2 został przesunięty na korzyść CO2, poprzez zwiększenie jego stężenia w komórkach pochew okołowiązkowych oraz ograniczenie występowania enzymu Rubisco tylko do chloroplastów tych komórek[26]. Już wczesne badania stwierdziły wysoką, od 0,2 do 0,9 mM, zawartość węgla nieorganicznego (CO2+HCO3-) w komórkach pochew okołowiązkowych[27]. Dzięki temu, że produktem dekarboksylacji kwasów jest CO2, i w komórkach pochew okołowiązkowych jest bardzo mała lub brak jest aktywności anhydrazy węglanowej, CO2 stanowi większość puli węgla nieorganicznego (50-80%) a jego stężenie może mieścić się w granicach 0,35 do 0,5 mM, podczas gdy w komórkach mezofilowych stężenie CO2 nie przekracza 5μM[28]. ...
Read the KOM TANG in koreatown - a quick review discussion from the Chowhound Restaurants, Manhattan food community. Join the discussion today.
Kiprops gjennombrudd kom i 2007 da han vant VM-gull i terrengløp for juniorer. Samme år deltok han i VM 2007 i Osaka, der han løp 1.500 meter og kom på fjerdeplass. I 2008 deltok Kiprop i det afrikanske mesterskapet der han vant bronsemedalje på 800 meter og kom på fjerdeplass på 1.500 meter. Han vant også 1.500 meter under Golden League-stevnet i Roma i 2008. Han deltok videre ved Sommer-OL 2008, der han noe overraskende vant sølv, bak Rashid Ramzi. Flere måneder senere, 29. april 2009 ble det kjent at Ramzi hadde avgitt positiv dopingprøve under OL i Beijing. I november 2009 besluttet IOK å diskvalifisere Ramzi for doping og Kiprop, som kom på andreplass, ble olympisk mester på 1500 meter. ...
wBuyBuy, platfòm èkomèrs Global, fè boutik sou entènèt pou gratis, vann pwodwi ak 92 lang, vann nan tout mond lan, achte soti nan tout mond la. wBuyBuy Global
Aristolochic acid (AA) is a plant alkaloid that causes aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) and Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN), unique renal diseases frequently associated with upper urothelial cancer (UUC). This review summarizes the significance of AA-derived DNA adducts in the aetiology of UUC leading to specific A:T to T:A transversion mutations (mutational signature) in AAN/BEN-associated tumours, which are otherwise rare in individuals with UCC not exposed to AA. Therefore, such DNA damage produced by AA-DNA adducts is one rare example of the direct association of exposure and cancer development (UUC) in humans, confirming that the covalent binding of carcinogens to DNA is causally related to tumourigenesis. Although aristolochic acid I (AAI), the major component of the natural plant extract AA, might directly cause interstitial nephropathy, enzymatic activation of AAI to reactive intermediates capable of binding to DNA is a necessary step leading to the formation of AA-DNA adducts and
Acute uric acid nephropathy (AUAN, also acute urate nephropathy) is a rapidly worsening (decreasing) kidney function (renal insufficiency) that is caused by high levels of uric acid in the urine (hyperuricosuria). Acute uric acid nephropathy is usually seen as part of the acute tumour lysis syndrome in patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy for the treatment of malignancies with rapid cell turnover, such as leukemia and lymphoma. It may also occur in these patients before treatment is begun, due to spontaneous tumor cell lysis (high incidence in Burkitts lymphoma). Acute uric acid nephropathy can also be caused by an acute attack of gout. Acute uric acid nephropathy is caused by deposition of uric acid crystals within the kidney interstitium and tubules, leading to partial or complete obstruction of collecting ducts, renal pelvis, or ureter. This obstruction is usually bilateral, and patients follow the clinical course of acute renal failure. The picture of acute renal failure is ...
Learn more about Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine at LewisGale Regional Health System Alternate Names Aristolochia Clematis Astragalus membranaceus Banxia Houpo...
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic insults are a significant cause of pediatric encephalopathy, developmental delays, and spastic cerebral palsy. Although the developing brains plasticity allows for remarkable self-repair, severe disruption of normal myelination and cortical development upon neonatal brain injury are likely to generate life-persisting sensory-motor and cognitive deficits in the growing child. Currently, no treatments are available that can address the long-term consequences. Thus, regenerative medicine appears as a promising avenue to help restore normal developmental processes in affected infants. Stem cell therapy has proven effective in promoting functional recovery in animal models of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury and therefore represents a hopeful therapy for this unmet medical condition. Neural stem cells derived from pluripotent stem cells or fetal tissues as well as umbilical cord blood and mesenchymal stem cells have all shown initial success in improving functional ...
A typical RTR system consists of a image intensifier, CCD camera, image processor and high resolution TV monitor in addition to radiographic source. Image intensifiers used in X-radiography employ Csl as the input detector. With the increased use of neutrons as radiation source, real time neutron radiography is also being practised widely. Image intensifiers used in neutron radiography employ gadolinium as the input screen. Typical resolutions attainable with present day X-ray and neutron image intensifiers is of the order 45 Ip/cm in the nornial mode. It is well known that rare earth screens such as gadolinium oxysulphide are sensitive to photons as well. While such screens have been used in fluoroscopy, no systematic study has been made to evaluate their potential usage for real time applications using X-rays. One possible reason for this could be due to their non-linear response over the X-ray energy range. A systematic study was undertaken by the authors to study the resolution and ...
abroad (28) Acanthus mollis (3) Acrocephalus arundinaceus (1) Adonis cyllenea (2) Aix sponsa (1) Ajuga iva (1) Alcea rosea (3) Alcea rosea var nigra (1) Alectoris chukar (4) Alexander the Great (1) Alkanna tinctoria (1) Allium achaium (1) Allium brussalisii (3) Allium neapolitanum (2) Allium roseum (2) Allium scorodoprasum (1) Anacamptis collina (3) Anacamptis coriophora ssp. fragrans (5) Anacamptis morio (3) Anacamptis palustris (4) Anacamptis pyramidalis (1) Anagallis arvensis (1) Anchusa sartorii (1) Anchusa undulata ssp. hybrida (2) Anchusella variegata (1) Anemone blanda (2) Anemone coronaria (1) Anemone pavonina (1) animal (24) Anser anser (1) Anser cygnoides (1) antiquities (16) Aquilegia columbine (1) Ardea cinerea (2) Arisarum vulgare (3) Aristolochia rotunda (1) Arum italicum (5) Asperula pulvinaris (1) Asphodeline liburnica (1) Asphodeline lutea (1) Asphodelus fistulosus (2) Asyneuma limonifolium (1) Atropa belladonna (2) Aubrietta deltoidea (1) audio (8) banana (1) Bellardia trixago ...
abroad (28) Acanthus mollis (3) Acrocephalus arundinaceus (1) Adonis cyllenea (2) Aix sponsa (1) Ajuga iva (1) Alcea rosea (3) Alcea rosea var nigra (1) Alectoris chukar (4) Alexander the Great (1) Alkanna tinctoria (1) Allium achaium (1) Allium brussalisii (3) Allium neapolitanum (2) Allium roseum (2) Allium scorodoprasum (1) Anacamptis collina (3) Anacamptis coriophora ssp. fragrans (5) Anacamptis morio (3) Anacamptis palustris (4) Anacamptis pyramidalis (1) Anagallis arvensis (1) Anchusa sartorii (1) Anchusa undulata ssp. hybrida (2) Anchusella variegata (1) Anemone blanda (2) Anemone coronaria (1) Anemone pavonina (1) animal (24) Anser anser (1) Anser cygnoides (1) antiquities (16) Aquilegia columbine (1) Ardea cinerea (2) Arisarum vulgare (3) Aristolochia rotunda (1) Arum italicum (5) Asperula pulvinaris (1) Asphodeline liburnica (1) Asphodeline lutea (1) Asphodelus fistulosus (2) Asyneuma limonifolium (1) Atropa belladonna (2) Aubrietta deltoidea (1) audio (8) banana (1) Bellardia trixago ...
The ability to heal soft tissue injuries and regenerate cartilage is the Holy Grail of musculoskeletal medicine. Articular cartilage repair and regeneration is considered to be largely intractable due to the poor regenerative properties of this tissue. Due to their low self-repair ability, cartilage defects that result from joint injury, aging, or osteoarthritis, are the most often irreversible and are a major cause of joint pain and chronic disability. However, current methods do not perfectly restore hyaline cartilage and may lead to the apparition of fibro- or continue hypertrophic cartilage. The lack of efficient modalities of treatment has prompted research into tissue engineering combining stem cells, scaffold materials and environmental factors. The field of articular cartilage tissue engineering, which aims to repair, regenerate, and/or improve injured or diseased cartilage functionality, has evoked intense interest and holds great potential for improving cartilage therapy. Plasma-rich ...

Aristolochia fimbriata | White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe for sale $17.00 | Plant Delights NurseryAristolochia fimbriata | White Veined Hardy Dutchman's Pipe for sale $17.00 | Plant Delights Nursery

Aristolochia fimbriata, buy Aristolochia fimbriata for sale from Plant Delights Nursery, award-winning mail order perennial ... Aristolochia fimbriata aka White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe. Grows in Sun to Light Shade. Flower Color is Brown/Tan, ... plants on-line; buy White Veined Dutchmans Pipe for sale, buy Aristolochia for sale, buy perennial plants for sale, sun garden ... Aristolochia fimbriata is a really cool deciduous groundcover Dutchmans pipe that spreads out to 2. The prostate little green ...
more infohttps://www.plantdelights.com/collections/butterfly-garden-plants-flowers-that-attract-butterflies/products/aristolochia-fimbriata

Analysis of aristolochlic acids and evaluation of antibacterial activity of Aristolochia clematitis L. in: Biologia Futura...Analysis of aristolochlic acids and evaluation of antibacterial activity of Aristolochia clematitis L. in: Biologia Futura...

Chow, L. D., Hwang, S. M. (1975) Aristolochia fangchi: A new species of Aristolochia Linn. [J]. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13, 108-110 ... Chow, L. D., Hwang, S. M. (1975) Aristolochia fangchi: A new species of Aristolochia Linn. [J]. Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13, 108-110 ... Košťálová, D., Hrochová, V., Pronayová, N., Leško, J. (1991) Constituents of Aristolochia clematitis L. Chem. Pap. 45, 713-716. ... Košťálová, D., Hrochová, V., Pronayová, N., Leško, J. (1991) Constituents of Aristolochia clematitis L. Chem. Pap. 45, 713-716. ...
more infohttps://akjournals.com/view/journals/019/70/4/article-p323.xml?rskey=D9pPz6&result=6

Aristolochia durior (Duitse Pijp)Aristolochia durior (Duitse Pijp)

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more infohttp://www.freewebs.com/belevenissen-van-een-tuinkabouter/apps/webstore/products/show/2946654

Aristolochia spp. ReferencesAristolochia spp. References

... : bibliography - Balachandran, P, Wei, F, Lin, RC, et al. Structure activity relationships of ... Detection of Herba Aristolochia Mollissemae in a patient with unexplained nephropathy. Am J Kidney Dis 2005;45(2):407-410. View ... Endemic nephropathy: the case for chronic poisoning by aristolochia. Croat Med J 2005;46(1):116-125. View Article ... Constituents from the stem and root of Aristolochia kaempferi. Biol Pharm Bull 2000;23(10):1216-1219. View Article ...
more infohttps://www.wellness.com/reference/herb/aristolochia-spp/references

Aristolochia - WikipediaAristolochia - Wikipedia

Aristolochia hians Aristolochia hirta Aristolochia holtzei Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia inflata Aristolochia iquitensis ... Aristolochia daemoninoxia Aristolochia dalyi Aristolochia delavayi Franch. Aristolochia deltantha Aristolochia deltoidea ... Aristolochia macroura Aristolochia manchuriensis Aristolochia mathewsii Aristolochia maurorum Aristolochia maxima Jacq. - ... Aristolochia socorroensis Aristolochia sprucei - spruce-leaved aristolochia Aristolochia stevensii Barringer Aristolochia ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristolochia

Aristolochia inflata capsule imageAristolochia inflata capsule image

... identification and distribution of Aristolochia inflata capsule image ... Aristolochia inflata capsule. click on image to enlarge. © Copyright Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2003-2006 Email ... IM/I_SP/0002/320/Aristolochia_inflata_capsule,I_SP293.jpg. width=320 x height=200 pixels; size=8508 bytes Discover Life , Top ...
more infohttp://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20p?see=I_SP293

Aristolochia - WikispeciesAristolochia - Wikispecies

Genus: Aristolochia. Species: A. acuminata - A. albida - A. altanii - A. amara - A. anguicida - A. angustifolia - A. arborea - ... Latina: Aristolochia. lietuvių: Kartuolė. magyar: Farkasalma. македонски: Волчје јаболко. മലയാളം: ആടുതൊടാപ്പാല. 日本語: ウマノスズクサ属. ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Aristolochia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. ... Nomenclatural updates of Aristolochia subgenus Pararistolochia (Aristolochiaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 27 (1): 48-55. ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Aristolochia

Aristolochia watsonii - WikipediaAristolochia watsonii - Wikipedia

Three images of "Pipevine (Aristolochia watsonii), here in flower", "Eggs of the Pipevine Swallowtail on Aristolochia watsonii ... Aristolochia watsonii (Watsons Dutchmans pipe, southwestern pipevine, Indian root, snakeroot) is a perennial plant in the ... Aristolochia watsonii: Watsons Dutchmans Pipe / Desert Pipevine, Garden Oracle, Gardening in Tucson, Phoenix, and the Desert ... "Aristolochia watsonii Wooton & Standl". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristolochia_watsonii

Aristolochia tonduzii O. Schmidt
-
Encyclopedia of LifeAristolochia tonduzii O. Schmidt - Encyclopedia of Life

Aristolochia tonduzii is a woody species of plants in the family Aristolochiaceae, and an obligate climber. It has simple, ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of ,i,Aristolochia tonduzii,/i, O. Schmidt ...
more infohttps://eol.org/pages/5103058

UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for ARISTOLOCHIAUC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for ARISTOLOCHIA

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Aristolochia Retrieve dichotomous key for Aristolochia Overlay ... ARISTOLOCHIA. PIPEVINE, BIRTHWORT. Perennial, woody vine. Stem generally climbing. Leaves cauline. Inflorescence: flower ... Genera in family: 10 genera, 600 species: mainly tropical, warm temp; some cultivated (Aristolochia , Asarum ). Reference: [ ...
more infohttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?575,576

Aristolochia debilis Ma Dou Ling PFAF Plant DatabaseAristolochia debilis Ma Dou Ling PFAF Plant Database

Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from ... Aristolochia molissima. Climber. 1.0. - M. SN. M. 0. 2. Aristolochia reticulata. Texas Dutchmans Pipe. Perennial. 0.4. - M. SN ... Aristolochia kaempferi. Perennial. 1.0. - LMH. SN. M. 0. 2. Aristolochia macrophylla. Pipevine, Dutchmans Pipe. Climber. 7.0. ... Aristolochia rotunda. Snakeroot. Perennial. 0.6. - M. SN. M. 0. 2. Aristolochia serpentaria. Virginia Snakeroot. Perennial. 0.5 ...
more infohttps://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Aristolochia+debilis

Aristolochia debilis Ma Dou Ling PFAF Plant DatabaseAristolochia debilis Ma Dou Ling PFAF Plant Database

Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from ... Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from ...
more infohttps://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Aristolochia+debilis

ARISTOLOCHIA MILHOMENS - HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA - By William BOERICKEARISTOLOCHIA MILHOMENS - HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA - By William BOERICKE

ARISTOLOCHIA MILHOMENS. Brazilian Snake Root. Stitching pains in various parts. Pain in heels, burning in anus and frequent ... Relationship.--Compare: Aristolochia Serpentaria-Virginia Snake Root--(Symptoms of intestinal tract; colliquative diarrh a, ...
more infohttp://homeoint.org/books/boericmm/a/arist-m.htm

Nitro derivatives and other constituents of Aristolochia melastomaNitro derivatives and other constituents of Aristolochia melastoma

One of the estimated 100 Brazilian Aristolochia species is Aristolochia melastoma Manso, a little runner vine found in southern ... Among AAs, AA-I and AA-II are found in most Aristolochia species.4 The former is also known for its biological activities, such ... A phytochemical study of Aristolochia melastoma Manso has led to the isolation and identification of 20 known compounds, ... Due to the complexity of herbal ingredients in general and their inherent biological variation, and since Aristolochia species ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-40422012000400024&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es

Aristolochia in Flora of North America @ efloras.orgAristolochia in Flora of North America @ efloras.org

8 Aristolochia watsonii. +. Calyx limb 3-lobed; inflorescences from base of stem, rarely an additional flower in axil of stem ... 10 Aristolochia wrightii. +. Stem and leaf glabrous or puberulent; leaf blade deltate, not 3-lobed; calyx yellow-green or ... 9 Aristolochia pentandra. +. Leaf venation pinnate or palmate-pinnate; calyx limb 3-lobed; young stem ribbed; syrinx absent; ... 12 Aristolochia clematitis. +. Petiole 1-3 cm (to 4 cm in A. coryi); stem procumbent; peduncle bracteolate; gynostemium 5-lobed ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=102606

Aristolochia forrestiana in Flora of China @ efloras.orgAristolochia forrestiana in Flora of China @ efloras.org

Aristolochia forrestiana J. S. Ma, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 11: 321. 1989. 大囊马兜铃 da nang ma dou ling Shrubs climbing. Stems terete, ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=242414705

Aristolochia tomentosa in Flora of North America @ efloras.orgAristolochia tomentosa in Flora of North America @ efloras.org

5. Aristolochia tomentosa Sims, Bot. Mag. 33: plate 1369. 1811. Pipevine Isotrema tomentosa (Sims) H. Huber. Lianas , twining, ... Aristolochia tomentosa has escaped from cultivation in various places, including Virginia; this is not documented.. ...
more infohttp://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=233500165

Chemical mimicry and AristolochiaChemical mimicry and Aristolochia

... the extraordinary strategy of Aristolochia rotunda to deceive its pollinators. Oelschlägel et al. describe an extraordinary ... Home » News » Chemical mimicry and Aristolochia * More related pages News. *2017s top New Phytologist papers according to ... note that Aristolochia flowers release a scent which mimics that of recently killed mirids - a scent which entices chloropids ... Aristolochia thus deceive their pollinators by promising the reward of a food source that the plant does not fulfil. ...
more infohttps://www.newphytologist.org/news/view/77

Phytochemical Screening and Toxicological Study of Aristolochia baetica Linn Roots: Histopathological and Biochemical EvidencePhytochemical Screening and Toxicological Study of Aristolochia baetica Linn Roots: Histopathological and Biochemical Evidence

i,Aristolochia baetica ,/i,(A,i,. baetica,/i,) is a wild species of Aristolochiaceae family; its roots are used by Moroccan ... Aristolochia baetica (A. baetica) is a wild species of Aristolochiaceae family; its roots are used by Moroccan people against ... S.-L. Hu, H.-Q. Zhang, K. Chan, and Q.-X. Mei, "Studies on the toxicity of Aristolochia manshuriensis (Guanmuton)," Toxicology ... I. Tazi, H. Nafil, and L. Mahmal, "Fatal renal failure due to self administration of Aristolochia Longa after treatment with ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/jt/2019/8203832/

Brazilian Dutchmans Pipe, ARISTOLOCHIA GRANDIFLORABrazilian Dutchman's Pipe, ARISTOLOCHIA GRANDIFLORA

Aristolochia sexual parts also are somewhat unusual, in that the six stamens group around the style and are fused with it, ... Often the name birthwort is applied to Aristolochia species. In fact, the genus name is derived from the Greek words aristos ... Thats because some people see the flower structure of certain Aristolochia species as resembling a human fetus in the womb, ... This giant-flowered species is ARISTOLOCHIA GRANDIFLORA, commonly called Brazilian Dutchmans Pipe or Giant Pelican Flower. ...
more infohttp://www.backyardnature.net/mexnat/dutchman.htm

Response of Bone Resorption Markers to Aristolochia longa Intake by Algerian Breast Cancer Postmenopausal WomenResponse of Bone Resorption Markers to Aristolochia longa Intake by Algerian Breast Cancer Postmenopausal Women

Aristolochia longa is widely used in traditional medicine in Algeria to treat breast cancer. The aim of the present study was ... Response of Bone Resorption Markers to Aristolochia longa Intake by Algerian Breast Cancer Postmenopausal Women. Bachir Benarba ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/aps/2014/820589/abs/

Characterization of the basal angiosperm Aristolochia fimbriata: a potential experimental system for genetic studiesCharacterization of the basal angiosperm Aristolochia fimbriata: a potential experimental system for genetic studies

... - up-to- ... Conclusions: Aristolochia fimbriata has numerous features that facilitate genetic studies and is suggested as a potential model ... We demonstrated self-compatibility for Aristolochia elegans and A.. fimbriata, and transformation with a GFP reporter construct ...
more infohttp://7thspace.com/headlines/430859/characterization_of_the_basal_angiosperm_aristolochia_fimbriata_a_potential_experimental_system_for_genetic_studies.html

PlantFiles Pictures: Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia fimbriata) by FloridianPlantFiles Pictures: Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia fimbriata) by Floridian

Aristolochia fimbriata) at Daves Garden. All pictures are contributed by our community. ... View picture of Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe ( ... Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe. Aristolochia fimbriata. Type:. Groundcovers, Tropicals and Tender ... Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia fimbriata). by Floridian Jun 18, 2004 4:09 PM ...
more infohttps://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/45688/

PlantFiles Pictures: Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia fimbriata) by vossnerPlantFiles Pictures: Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia fimbriata) by vossner

Aristolochia fimbriata) at Daves Garden. All pictures are contributed by our community. ... View picture of Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe ( ... Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe. Aristolochia fimbriata. Type:. Groundcovers, Tropicals and Tender ... Aristolochia Species, White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe (Aristolochia fimbriata). by vossner Sep 26, 2013 12:45 PM ...
more infohttps://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/366067/
  • Despite its presence in ancient medicine, Aristolochia is known to contain the lethal toxin aristolochic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • New aristolochic acid, aristololactam and renal cytotoxic constituents from the stem and leaves of Aristolochia contorta. (wellness.com)
  • A phytochemical study of Aristolochia melastoma Manso has led to the isolation and identification of 20 known compounds, including aristolochic acids, sodium aristolochates, lignan, flavonoids, and nitro phenylethyl derivatives. (scielo.br)
  • 4,5 Phytochemical and pharmaceutical studies on the chemical constituents of the Aristolochia spp have mainly focused on aristolochic acids (AAs), which have a 3,4-methylenedioxy-10-nitrophenanthrenic-1-acid carbon skeleton. (scielo.br)
  • It has been assumed that the North American pipevine swallow tail, Battus philenor is protected from its natural enemies by aristolochic acids sequestered from Aristolochia food plants. (stuartxchange.org)
  • One plant specie, Aristolochia philippensis, a food plant source for the larvae, contained a hi gh concentration of aristolochic acids. (stuartxchange.org)
  • The only "ornamental" downside is that aristolochia is a delicacy for pipevine swallowtail butterfly larvae in midsummer. (plantdelights.com)
  • 2 González and Stevenson 3 reviewed the phylogenetic relationships of the Aristolochioideae and divided Aristolochia s .l. into four genera ( Aristolochia sensu stricto, Pararistolochia, Endodeca , and Isotrema ) within two subtribes. (scielo.br)
  • The story of Aristolochia and its toxicity has cast a twenty year long shadow over Traditional Chinese Herbal Medicine (TCHM) and Complementary and Alternative Medicine alike. (giovanni-maciocia.com)
  • BCE Greek philosopher and botanist Theophrastos in his book [Inquiry of Plants, IX.8. and the scientific name Aristolochia was developed from Ancient Greek aristos (άριστος) "best" + locheia (λοχεία), "childbirth" or "childbed,", relating to its known ancient use in childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is remarkable that the virulent attacks on traditional herbal medicine are systematically reduced to the problem of Aristolochia, in an unprecedented stream of scientific echolalia, without providing new information or even mentioning the existence of alternative and more nuanced hypotheses. (giovanni-maciocia.com)
  • discuss interactions between the Mediterranean Aristolochia rotunda and its pollinators, and describe an extraordinary pollination system, kleptomyiophily, where the plant releases compounds that mimic those emitted from recently-killed insects in order to attract kleptoparasites. (newphytologist.org)
  • a) Flower of Aristolochia rotunda with a Trachysiphonella ruficeps individual at the margin of the flower tube. (newphytologist.org)
  • b) Magnification of panel (a). (c) T. ruficeps pollinator collected from an A. rotunda flower in the female stage, carrying Aristolochia pollen on the head and thorax. (newphytologist.org)
  • The Aristolochia does it for pollination, not food, and releases the flies after a day (inward pointing hairs shrivel, I think), hopefully covered with pollen to visit the next flower. (terraforums.com)
  • Therefore, it was our objective to systematically assess the scientific literature available on the local and traditional use of Aristolochia spp. (nih.gov)
  • This study systematically assessed the scientific literature available on the local and traditional uses of Aristolochia spp. (stuartxchange.org)
  • note that Aristolochia flowers release a scent which mimics that of recently killed mirids - a scent which entices chloropids to visit the plant in search for a putative food source. (newphytologist.org)
  • Aristolochia thus 'deceive' their pollinators by promising the reward of a food source that the plant does not fulfil. (newphytologist.org)
  • Aristolochia longa is widely used in traditional medicine in Algeria to treat breast cancer. (hindawi.com)
  • Under the heading 'Quackery' and the title 'Aristolochia: the malignant truth', The Lancet deemed it necessary to freshen up our memory once more in its January issue. (giovanni-maciocia.com)
  • It is simply revolting how the authors connect a case of arsenic poisoning and, bloody hell… the death of King George III, to the case of Aristolochia. (giovanni-maciocia.com)
  • First of all one should be aware that the Aristolochia stigma on TCHM, goes back to the major 'clear-cut' case in Belgium, a drama that took place exclusively in the medical prescription and pharmaceutical dispensing circuit. (giovanni-maciocia.com)