A plant genus of the family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. Species of this genus have been used in traditional medicine but they contain aristolochic acid which is associated with nephropathy. These are sometimes called 'snakeroot' but that name is also used with a number of other plants such as POLYGALA; SANICULA; ASARUM; ARISTOLOCHIA; AGERATINA; and others.
Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).
A form of chronic interstitial nephritis that is endemic to limited areas of BULGARIA, the former YUGOSLAVIA, and ROMANIA. It is characterized by a progressive shrinking of the KIDNEYS that is often associated with uroepithelial tumors.
The study of the actions and properties of medicinal agents, often derived from PLANTS, indigenous to populations or ETHNIC GROUPS.
A mixed mesenchymal tumor composed of two or more mesodermal cellular elements not commonly associated, not counting fibrous tissue as one of the elements. Mesenchymomas are widely distributed in the body and about 75% are malignant. (Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1866)
The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain scandenolide (a sesquiterpene lactone) and germacranolides.
The contribution to barometric PRESSURE of gaseous substance in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)

Long-term outcome of acute renal injury induced by Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom in rats. (1/31)

AIM: To investigate the long-term functional and morphological changes of the kidney induced by acute intoxication of Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom in rats. METHODS: Experimental model of acute renal injury was established in the Sprague-Dawley rats with oral administration of decoctions of Chinese herb, Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom, at dosages of 50 g.kg-1.d-1 and 30 g.kg-1.d-1 for 7 consecutive days, and 20 g.kg-1.d-1 for 15 consecutive days. Renal function was assayed at months 0 (right after treatment), 1, 3, and 6 of the experiment. Renal histological examination was also performed. RESULTS: 1) At month 0, the renal functional changes of acute renal injury included azotemia, low molecular weight proteinuria, glycosuria, hypoosmotic urine, and NAG enzymuria. Histopathological changes showed acute tubular necrosis, predominantly at the corticomedullary junction. 2) At months 1 and 3, the renal function of rats of the experiment was gradually restored and histopathologic examination suggested that the tubular lesions gradually recovered. In HE sections, basophilic deposits were observed in the tubular cytoplasm. And interstitial infiltration of inflammatory cells was not prominent. 3) At months 6, renal preneoplastic lesions, renal tumors, and extrarenal tumors occurred in rats. The occurrence of renal preneoplastic lesions at dosages of 50 g.kg-1.d-1, 30 g.kg-1.d-1, and 20 g.kg-1.d-1 were 100.0% at all three doses, renal tumors 42.8%, 25.0%, and 0%, respectively, extrarenal tumors 14.4%, 12.5%, and 12.5%, respectively, and systemic tumors 57.2%, 37.5%, and 12.5%, respectively. The occurrence of basophilic deposits, renal preneoplastic lesions, renal tumors, and extrarenal tumors in normal control group was nil. CONCLUSIONS: 1) Administration of large dosage of Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom induces acute renal failure in rats. 2) The long-term renal function and histopathologic changes of acute renal injury induced by Aristolochia manshuriensis Komrecover spontaneously. 3) Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom has been proved to be oncogenic for the first time.  (+info)

Progression rate of Chinese herb nephropathy: impact of Aristolochia fangchi ingested dose. (2/31)

BACKGROUND: Renal failure after ingestion of Chinese herbs between 1990 and 1992 was related to the replacement of Stephania tetrandra by Aristolochia fangchi (ST-AF), containing nephrotoxic and carcinogenic aristolochic acids. However, the relationship between ST-AF and renal failure is still a matter of debate. We therefore tested the impact of the ST-AF ingested dose on the progression of renal function deterioration. METHODS: Analysis of medical charts and prescriptions between 1990 and 1992 was carried out to determine the presence of risk factors for kidney failure and the cumulative dose of pill components. Individual progression rate of renal impairment was studied by the time-course of the inverse of blood creatinine level (1/P(creat)). RESULTS: Patients were divided into an end-stage renal disease (ESRD) group (n=44) and a chronic renal failure (CRF) group (n=27) according to their P(creat) at the time of this study. The mean number of risk factors (+/-SD) was equally distributed within both groups (1.50+/-0.18 vs 1.59+/-0.17, P=0.74). Patients from the ESRD group ingested significantly higher cumulative doses of ST--AF (192+/-13.1 g vs 138+/- 16.3 g), Magnolia officinalis, (80.1+/-6.3 g vs 59.8+/-11.7 g), diethylpropion (14.7+/-1.4 g vs 10.0+/-1.4 g) and fenfluramine (14.1+/-1.6 g vs 8.7+/-1.3 g). In the ESRD group, some patients who had received steroids had a slower progression to ESRD than the others. In multiple regression analysis, ST-AF emerged as the only significant drug predicting the slope of the progression of renal failure. Moreover, hypothesizing a linear dose-response relationship, the risk of developing ESRD linearly increased with ST-AF doses. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between the cumulative ST-AF dose and the renal failure progression rate confirms that regular ingestion of Aristolochia sp. extracts is causally involved in the onset of chronic interstitial nephropathy leading to ESRD.  (+info)

Trypanocidal constituents in plants 1. Evaluation of some Mexican plants for their trypanocidal activity and active constituents in Guaco, roots of Aristolochia taliscana. (3/31)

Crude extracts of Mexican medicinal plants were screened for trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, which is the etiological agent for Chagas' disease, one of the most serious protozoan diseases in Latin America. There were 43 kinds of methanolic and other organic extracts from 39 plants which were examined by the preliminary screening test to see immobilization of epimastigotes of T. cruzi in vitro. Eighteen of them showed activity at the concentration of 2 mg/ml after incubation for 2 h, while 13 showed activity at the concentration of 1 mg/ml after incubation for 48 h. Among them, the MeOH extract of roots of Aristolochia taliscana (Aristolochiaceae), locally known as "Guaco," immobilized all the epimastigotes even at lower concentration of 0.5 mg/ml (48 h). In order to identify principal compounds for this activity, the MeOH extract of Guaco was subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation. From the active fractions, four neolignans, eupomatenoid-7 (1), licarin A (2), eupomatenoid-1 (5) and licarin B (6), and two lignans, austrobailignan-7 (3) and fragransin E1 (4) were isolated. Compounds 1-4 immobilized all the epimastigotes at the minimum concentration of 25-75 microg/ml after incubation for 48 h, while compounds 5 and 6 were inactive. Corresponding concentration of gossypol, berberine chloride and harmine was 280 microg/ml, 300 microg/ml and >500 microg/ml, respectively.  (+info)

Neuroprotective effects of 2,5-diaryl-3,4-dimethyltetrahydrofuran neolignans. (4/31)

We previously reported the neurotrophic effects of talaumidin (1) from Aristolochia arcuata MASTERS. In the present study, we compared the neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects of six other 2,5-diaryl-3,4-dimethyltetrahydrofuran neolignans isolated from the same plant, veraguensin (2), galgravin (3), aristolignin (4), nectandrin A (5), isonectandrin B (6), and nectandrin B (7), with compound 1 in primary cultured rat neurons. Compounds 3-7 promoted neuronal survival and neurite outgrowth, among which compounds 6 and 7 showed neurotrophic activity comparable with that of 1. Furthermore, compounds 1-7 protected hippocampal neurons against amyloid beta peptide (Abeta25-35)-induced cytotoxicity, while compounds 1 and 4-7 protected against neuronal death from 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+)-induced toxicity in cultured rat hippocampal neurons.  (+info)

Endemic nephropathy: the case for chronic poisoning by aristolochia. (5/31)

AIM: To explore the hypothesis that chronic dietary poisoning by aristolochic acid could account for the unique geographical distribution, specific pattern of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, occurrence of chronic renal insufficiency, and an increased risk of developing upper urothelial cancer, all of which are associated with endemic nephropathy. METHODS: This case-controlled epidemiologic study consisted of three groups of subjects residing in an endemic region of Croatia: (a) patients meeting WHO criteria for endemic nephropathy (n=28), (b) individuals who have been treated for renal insufficiency secondary to other forms of renal disease (n=30), and (c) apparently healthy residents of the endemic village (n= 30). A detailed questionnaire, designed to collect information on demographics, exposure to potentially toxic substances, diet, agricultural practices, and other factors potentially impacting endemic nephropathy was administered to the three study groups. The seeds of Aristolochia clematitis, obtained from plants growing in the endemic region, were extracted with ethanol and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography for their aristolochic acid content. RESULTS: The majority of subjects, including 90% of endemic nephropathy patients, recall that the plant Aristolochia clematitis (birthwort, vucja stopa in Croatian) was frequently found in local meadows and wheat fields between 20 and 30 years ago. At that time, endemic nephropathy patients encountered Aristolochia clematitis significantly more frequently than controls (P=0.035). Since then, all three study groups reported a significant increase in the use of herbicides (P<0.001) and reduction in the prevalence of Aristolochia clematitis (P<0.001). Chemical analysis established that the seeds of A. clematitis contain 0.65% aristolochic acid. It is likely that the harvesting process used by local farmers permitted the seeds of A. clematitis to mingle with the wheat grain. CONCLUSION: Flour used to bake bread, a dietary staple in the endemic region of Croatia, is derived from wheat grain which, in the past, is likely to have been contaminated with seeds of A. clematitis during harvesting. This observation supports the hypothesis that aristolochic acid, a major constituent of the seeds, plays a central role in the development of endemic nephropathy.  (+info)

Role of exposure analysis in solving the mystery of Balkan endemic nephropathy. (6/31)

We evaluated the role of exposure analysis in assessing whether ochratoxin A or aristolochic acid are the agents responsible for causing Balkan endemic nephropathy. We constructed a framework for exposure analysis using the lessons learned from the study of endemic goiter within the context of an accepted general model. We used this framework to develop an exposure analysis model for Balkan endemic nephropathy, evaluated previous findings from the literature on ochratoxin A and aristolochic acid in the context of this model, discussed the strength of evidence for each, and proposed approaches to address critical outstanding questions. The pathway for exposure to ochratoxin A is well defined and there is evidence that humans have ingested ochratoxin A. Factors causing differential exposure to ochratoxin A and how ochratoxin A is implicated in Balkan endemic nephropathy are not defined. Although there is evidence of human exposure to aristolochic acid and that its effects are consistent with Balkan endemic nephropathy, a pathway for exposure to aristolochic acid has been suggested but not demonstrated. Factors causing differential exposure to aristolochic acid are not known. Exposure analysis results suggest that neither ochratoxin A nor aristolochic acid can be firmly linked to Balkan endemic nephropathy. However, this approach suggests future research directions that could provide critical evidence on exposure, which when linked with findings from the health sciences, may be able to demonstrate the cause of this disease and provide a basis for effective public health intervention strategies. One of the key unknowns for both agents is how differential exposure can occur.  (+info)

Role of environmental toxins in endemic (Balkan) nephropathy. October 2006, Zagreb, Croatia. (7/31)

An international symposium, held in Zagreb, Croatia, in October 2006, brought together basic scientists and clinical investigators engaged in research on endemic (Balkan) nephropathy, a chronic renal tubulointerstitial disease of previously unknown cause that often is accompanied by upper urinary tract urothelial cancer. Although this disease is endemic in rural areas of Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, and Serbia, a similar clinical entity occurs throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. Recent advances in the understanding of endemic nephropathy now favor the causative role of aristolochic acid over the ubiquitous mycotoxin known as ochratoxin A. Specifically, aristolactam-DNA adducts have been found in renal tissues and urothelial cancers of affected patients. A "signature" p53 mutation in the upper urothelial cancer associated with this disease provides evidence of long-term exposure to aristolochic acid. In addition, the renal pathophysiology and histopathology observed in endemic nephropathy most closely resemble the entity known as aristolochic acid nephropathy. Public health authorities in countries harboring this disease are encouraged to reduce the potential for dietary exposure to Aristolochia clematitis.  (+info)

Quantitative and qualitative changes in primary and secondary stem organization of Aristolochia macrophylla during ontogeny: functional growth analysis and experiments. (8/31)

 (+info)

In previous reports, more than 100 phytochemical compounds of different Aristolochia species have been analyzed with their biological activities (Kuo et al., 2012; Wu et al., 2004), but total phytochemical study of the root, stem, leaf, and fruit of A. clematitis and other species of the genus has not been carried out. Aristolochia species showed antibacterial and antifungal effects against various microorganisms, such as Aristolochia indica against S. aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus megaterium, E. coli, Salmonella Typhi, and Vibrio cholerae (Farhana et al., 2016), Aristolochia bracteolata for Aspergillus flavus and Botrytis cinerea (Trayee et al., 2016), or A. trilobata, A. brevipes, Aristolochia monticola Brandegee and Aristolochia kristsagathra against S. aureus (Camporese et al., 2003; Moorthy et al., 2015; Murillo-Alvarez et al., 2001). Among the identified compounds, such as 7,9 dimethoxytariacuripyrone, licarin A and B have antimicrobial effect out of AAs (Kuo et al., ...
Aristolochia fimbriata aka White Veined Hardy Dutchmans Pipe. Grows in Sun to Light Shade. Flower Color is Brown/Tan, Multicolor, Purple/Lavender and blooms in Summer. Hardiness zone 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. Characteristics: Fragrant Foliage Plants, Butterfly Attracting Plants, Deer Resistant Plants, Drought Tolerant Plants, Groundcovers, Pollinator Plants, Medicinal Plants, Ornamental Seed or Fruit, Tropical Looking Plants, Xeriscaping Plants, Patterned Foliage, Corms - Bulbs - Tubers, Ornamental Vines, Cottage Garden Plants, Fairy Garden Plants, Gnome Gardens, Living Wall, Rock Garden Plants, Southwest Garden Plants --- Aristolochia fimbriata, buy Aristolochia fimbriata for sale from Plant Delights Nursery, award-winning mail order perennial plants on-line; buy White Veined Dutchmans Pipe for sale, buy Aristolochia for sale, buy perennial plants for sale, sun garden perennials
1. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia: The malignant lie and the benign truth. J Register Chin Herbal Med 2013;10:39-41. 2. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia - die bösartige Lüge und die gutartige Wahrheit. Naturheilpraxis 2016;69:65-8. 3. Debelle FD, Vanherweghem JL and Nortier JL. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: a worldwide problem. Kidney Int 2008;74:158-69. 4. De Broe ME. On a nephrotoxic and carcinogenic slimming regimen. Am J Kidney Dis 1999;33:1171-3. 5. Wiebrecht A. Über die Aristolochia-Nephropathie. Dt Zschr Akupunktur 2000;43:187-97. 6. Gökmen MR, Cosyns JP, Arlt VM, et al. The epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of aristolochic acid nephropathy: a narrative review. Ann Intern Med 2013;158:469-77. 7. Pena JM, Borras M, Ramos J and Montoliu J. Rapidly progressive interstitial renal fibrosis due to a chronic intake of a herb (Aristolochia pistolochia) infusion. Nephrol Dial Transplant 1996;11:1359-60. 8. Yang L, Su T, Li XM, et al. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: variation in presentation and ...
1. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia: The malignant lie and the benign truth. J Register Chin Herbal Med 2013;10:39-41. 2. Dhaenens C. Aristolochia - die bösartige Lüge und die gutartige Wahrheit. Naturheilpraxis 2016;69:65-8. 3. Debelle FD, Vanherweghem JL and Nortier JL. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: a worldwide problem. Kidney Int 2008;74:158-69. 4. De Broe ME. On a nephrotoxic and carcinogenic slimming regimen. Am J Kidney Dis 1999;33:1171-3. 5. Wiebrecht A. Über die Aristolochia-Nephropathie. Dt Zschr Akupunktur 2000;43:187-97. 6. Gökmen MR, Cosyns JP, Arlt VM, et al. The epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of aristolochic acid nephropathy: a narrative review. Ann Intern Med 2013;158:469-77. 7. Pena JM, Borras M, Ramos J and Montoliu J. Rapidly progressive interstitial renal fibrosis due to a chronic intake of a herb (Aristolochia pistolochia) infusion. Nephrol Dial Transplant 1996;11:1359-60. 8. Yang L, Su T, Li XM, et al. Aristolochic acid nephropathy: variation in presentation and ...
In 1993 the Lancet reported several cases of a kidney disease called fibrosing interstitial nephritis in young women in Belgium. It progressed rapidly to kidney failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplant. The authors investigated and discovered that all these women had attended the same weight loss clinic. The clinic had recently added two Chinese herbs to its slimming regimen. Further investigation determined that the herbal pills contained aristolochic acid (found in Aristolochia species). Apparently Aristolochia had been accidentally substituted for one of the intended herbs. In all, 1800 women got those herbs at that clinic. 5% of them developed kidney failure, and about half of those went on to develop urinary tract cancers. Thats not very good odds.. Aristolochia was thought to be useful in childbirth because it resembles the uterus (a classic example of magical thinking). It has been used for centuries for various conditions including kidney stones, snakebites, head wounds, weight ...
You might recognize this as an amazingly large-flowered specimen of the group of vines known as Dutchmans pipes, or birthworts, genus Aristolochia, often grown in gardens, and with native species occurring in much of North America and the tropics. This giant-flowered species is ARISTOLOCHIA GRANDIFLORA, commonly called Brazilian Dutchmans Pipe or Giant Pelican Flower. Its a member of the Dutchmans Pipe or Birthwort Family, the Aristolochiaceae, native to Central and South America, but planted in the tropics and subtropics worldwide. Instead of the flowers consisting of the usual calyx and corolla, they produce a corolla-like calyx, or perianth. The perianths unusual U-shaped tubes helps the flower with its pollination. The blossoms strong fragrance entice insects, mostly flies, to enter the yellow opening, and descend the tube. In the above picture you can see that the tube constricts at its bottom, then opens into a larger chamber. This makes it harder for the pollinator to find the way ...
Aristolochia Sempervirens from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: (syn. Aristolochia altissima) - Evergreen climber with glossy heart-shaped leaves. Pitcher-shaped dullish-red flowers with a bright yellow throat. Evergreen - leaves to 10cm (4in) long with slender pointsRed - dull purple-redYellow
Antibacterial Activity of Aristolochia brevipes against Multidrug-Resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Photo/image Birthwort (Aristolochia clematitis), Family: Aristolochiaceae. Location Hobro, Jylland, Danmark (Cultiv). Photographer: JC Schou, Photoid 47725
Molecular phylogenetic analyses were conducted to determine relationships and to investigate character evolution for the Troidini/Aristolochia interaction, in an attempt to answer the following questions: (1) what is the present pattern of use of Aristolochia by these butterflies; (2) is the pattern we see today related to the phylogeny of plants or to their chemical composition; (3) can the geographical distribution of Aristolochia explain the host plant use observed today; and (4) how did the interaction between Troidini and Aristolochia evolve? Analyses of character optimization suggest that the current pattern of host plant use of these butterflies does not seem to be constrained by the phylogeny of their food plants, neither by the secondary chemicals in these plants nor by their geographical similarity. The current host plant use in these butterflies seems to be simply opportunistic, with species with a wider geographical range using more species of host plants than those with a more ...
Welcome to the famous Daves Garden website. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants.
Read Genetic diversity of a rare species Aristolochia contorta Bunge (Aristolochiaceae) in Primorsky Krai, Russian Journal of Genetics on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Buchwalder, K., Samain, M.-S., Sankowsky, G., Neinhuis, C., & Wanke, S. 2014. Nomenclatural updates of Aristolochia subgenus Pararistolochia (Aristolochiaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 27 (1): 48-55. doi: 10.1071/SB13042 reference page ...
Aristolochia serpentaria - Virginia Snakeroot is host plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail. Buy butterfly host and garden plants at Butterfly Gardens to Go.
Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Flies.Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
Aristolochia debilis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
23. Aristolochia forrestiana J. S. Ma, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 11: 321. 1989. 大囊马兜铃 da nang ma dou ling Shrubs climbing. Stems terete, striate, glabrous. Petiole 2-3 cm, glabrous; leaf blade ovate to narrowly ovate, 9-13 × 3-5 cm, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, veins palmate, 6-8 pairs from base, base cordate, sinus 1.5-2 × 1-2 cm, apex acute. Flowers in axils of leafy shoots, solitary. Peduncle pendulous, 5-7 cm, pubescent; bractlets ovate or subulate, inserted near middle of peduncle. Calyx purple; tube geniculately curved, abaxially pubescent; basal portion of tube 15-20 × ca. 5 mm; limb saccate, asymmetric, ca. 6 × 1.5 cm, 3-lobed; lobes lanceolate, ca. 25 × 10 mm. Anthers not seen. Gynostemium 3-lobed. Fruit not seen.. * Yunnan.. ...
Find help and information on Aristolochia californica California Dutchmans pipe Dutchmans pipe vine California pipevine, including varieties and pruning advice. Click here to find out more.
Presented by M di-T Aristolochia Serpentaria.. Serpentary. Virginia Snake-root. N. O. Aristolochiace . Trituration of dried roots.. Clinical.─Dyspepsia. Flatulence.. Characteristics.─Serpentary was proved by J rgs provers and others. Its chief effects were noticed in the gastro-enteric organs, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, flatulence, and urging to stool. Increased and afterwards lost appetite. Irritation of the urinary and genital organs with frequent desire to micturate. As with A. milhomens, there was disturbed rest; also heat of the head.. SYMPTOMS.. 1. Mind.─Peevish mood.─Disinclination for work.. 2. Head.─Sticking in forehead extending to base of brain.─Increased warmth of head.. 8. Mouth.─Copious salivation with frequent spitting.. 11. Stomach.─Increased appetite; yet able to eat little, since the first morsels satisfy.─Loss of appetite.─Nausea and vomiting; vomiting did not cease till stomach was entirely emptied.─Distended feeling as if too ...
Brazilian Snake Root. Stitching pains in various parts. Pain in heels, burning in anus and frequent irritation. Flatulence in stomach and abdomen. Pain in back and extremities. Stiffness of legs. Pain in tendo-Achillis. Itching and swelling around the malleoli.. Relationship.--Compare: Aristolochia Serpentaria-Virginia Snake Root--(Symptoms of intestinal tract; colliquative diarrh a, meteorism. Flatulent dyspepsia. Brain congestion. Distention and cutting pains in abdomen. Symptoms like those of Poison-Oak).. Dose.--Lower potencies.. Copyright M di-T 1999. ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Aristolochia inflata capsule image
Todays post was written by Soni, horticulturalist for our Butterfly Center. She and the other employees are hard at word preparing for our upcoming Plant Sale on April 10. photo credit: Randy Son Of Robert Got butterflies? Probably not, if your garden suffered freeze damage over the past few months. After this unusually long and […]. ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Secoisolariciresinol dimethyl ether diacetate (2). Positive ES-MS m/z (rel. int.) 497 [M+Na]+ (80), 295 (100); 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3): δ 6.58 (2H, d, J = 2.0 Hz, H-2,2), 6.78 (2H, d, J = 8.0 Hz, H-5,5), 6.61 (2H, dd, J = 8.0, 2.0 Hz, H-6,6), 2.67 (4H, m, H-7,7), 2.12 (2H, m, H-8,8), 4.05 (2H, dd, J = 11.5, 5.5 Hz, H-9,9), 4.22 (2H, m, H-9,9), 3.83, (6H, s, OMe-3,3), 3.87 (6H, s, OMe-4,4), 2.08 (6H, s, Me); 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3): δ 132.2 (C-1,1), 112.1 (C-2,2), 148.9 (C-3,3), 147.5 (C-4,4), 111.2 (C-5,5), 121.0 (C-6,6), 34.9 (C-7,7), 39.7 (C-8,8), 64.4 (C-9,9), 55.8, 55.9 (OMe-3,3,4,4), 171.0 (C=O), 21.0 (Me).. Thalictricoside (18). Colorless solid, m.p. 124.5-124.9 ºC (MeOH), [α]D29 -63.3º (MeOH, c. 0.13); Positive ES-MS m/z (rel. int.) 484 [M+Na]+ (100); 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 4.79 (2H, t, J = 7.0, H-1), 3.17 (2H, t, J = 7.0 Hz, H-2), 7.18 (2H, d, J = 8,8 Hz, H-2,6), 7.00 (2H, d, J = 8.8 Hz, H-3,5), 4.78 (1H, d, J = 7.5, H-1), 3.23 (1H, m, H-2), 3.25 ...
I know a lot of people who grow Carnivorous Plants also grow Aristolochias. Im always surprised that more dont. These Ill send for postage. I am al
De weg naar een perfecte tuin gaat niet over rozen. Lees over de belevenissen van een tuinkabouter die een echte tuinier wil worden. Boordevol zadenlijsten en heel veel tips en andere tuininformatie.
Store interior design for the cosmetic brand Aesop.. materials:. floor: cement tile. walls: stucco plaster / lime. product display: casting acrylic resin and fiberglass shelves. cash desk and water point: stucco sealer waterproof plywood, copper, solid birch. light: directional halogen Pslab spotlights, Workstead pendant light. indoor plant: Aristolochia macrophylla. ...
Looking for chemoreceptive? Find out information about chemoreceptive. The ability of organisms to detect changes in the chemical composition of their exterior or interior environment. It is a characteristic of every living... Explanation of chemoreceptive
Though this species is inconspicuous and rarely encountered unless actively sought, it is included here because of three fascinating ecological stories. One story is its pollination. Most pipevines are pollinated by deceiving insects into visiting the flowers; no reward is available. Usually the flowers smell like carrion or dung to attract insects that are seeking a place to lay eggs. The story of our species is even more remarkable. It is pollinated by Ceratopogonid flies; these are the small, blood-sucking flies that pester humans and other mammals in the humid summer. The flowers of Aristolochia watsonii resemble a mouse s ear translucent funnels with fur and veins and give off a musty odor. The fly apparently expects to find a blood meal, and instead is trapped inside the flower tube overnight. During the night the flower releases pollen. The following morning the flower releases the pollen-covered fly. If the fly visits another flower it effects pollination.. All pipevines contain a ...
Self-Repair Materials and Chemistry Conference scheduled on November 19-20, 2020 in November 2020 in Paris is for the researchers, scientists, scholars, engineers, academic, scientific and university practitioners to present research activities that might want to attend events, meetings, seminars, congresses, workshops, summit, and symposiums.
It has been well established that the formation of reactive metabolites of drugs is associated with drug toxicity. Similarly, there are accumulating data suggesting the role of the formation of reactive metabolites/intermediates through bioactivation in herbal toxicity and carcinogenicity. It has been hypothesized that the resultant reactive metabolites following herbal bioactivation covalently bind to cellular proteins and DNA, leading to toxicity via multiple mechanisms such as direct cytotoxicity, oncogene activation, and hypersensitivity reactions. This is exemplified by aristolochic acids present in Aristolochia spp, undergoing reduction of the nitro group by hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP1A1/2) or peroxidases in extrahepatic tissues to reactive cyclic nitrenium ion. The latter was capable of reacting with DNA and proteins, resulting in activation of H-ras oncogene, gene mutation and finally carcinogenesis. Other examples are pulegone present in essential oils from many mint species; and teucrin A, a
Hundreds of herbal medicinal products will be banned from sale in Britain next year under what campaigners say is a discriminatory and disproportionate European law. With four months to go before the EU-wide ban is implemented, thousands of patients face the loss of herbal remedies that have been used in the UK for decades. From 1 May 2011, traditional herbal medicinal products must be licensed or prescribed by a registered herbal practitioner to comply with an EU directive passed in 2004. The directive was introduced in response to rising concern over adverse effects caused by herbal medicines. The UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has issued more than a dozen safety alerts in the past two years, including one over aristolochia, a banned toxic plant derivative which caused kidney failure in two women. Herbal practitioners say it is impossible for most herbal medicines to meet the licensing requirements for safety and quality, which are intended to be similar to ...
A commonly-used herbal medicine causes mutations that are linked to liver cancer, according to research in Taiwan. Extracts taken from plants of the genus Aristolochia, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a wide range of conditions, may be responsible for many liver cancers in Asia. Source: A common herbal medicine may cause…
Parts of tracheary elements and associated parenchyma from stem of Aristolochia, as seen in longitudinal section. The secondary walls are stippled. The earliest part of the xylem is at the left. (After K. Esau, Plant Anatomy, 2d ed., John Wiley and ...
In our summary, we have attempted to show that CHT- although rarely - may cause significant side effects. Although many of the drugs have been used for millennia, the documentation and recognition of side effects in ancient and modern China were and remain fragmentary and unreliable. An example of this is mutong; although there had been incidents of severe and also deadly intoxications with Aristolochia in China (12), no adequate reaction on the part of the medical community or the Chinese authorities has yet taken place.. Some of these problems may well lead to a medical or legal situation, which is beyond the competence of most therapists. Collection of data, dissemination and strict observance of the existing knowledge about risks can help prevent AEs. If and when organ damage is observed, this is frequently and all-too-rapidly attributed to the administration of naturopathic remedies; an example of this is the (German) Federal Drug And Medical Devices Institutes (BfArM) reaction in the case ...
Virginia Snakeroot Other names: Lucerne? Scientific name: Aristolochia serpentaria Common names: Birth worts, Pipe vines, Dutchmans pipes, Serpentary Ayurvedic
|p style=text-align: justify;|Part of a medical prescription, with ingredients including cinnamon, aristolochia, euphorbia, mint, and castor.|/p|
To better understand how environmental exposures may affect health and lead to disease, NIEHS, in partnership with several NIH centers, has established a centralized network of exposure analysis services and expertise to support NIH-funded researchers.
Heavy Metals Inhalation Exposure Analysis from Particulate Matter Emitted from Dry and Wet Recycling Processes of Waste Electrical and Electronic ...
Soluble proteins containing 4 conserved cysteines which abundantly exist in the chemoreceptive organs and transmit chemical signals to nervous system . The CSP
Materials scientists at Harvard University have created an ultraslippery material called SLIPS. These super-repellent, transparent windows can effectively repel wine, olive oil, and ketchup, while the surrounding surfaces become significantly stained. The material also resists heavy-duty oil, water, and ice.. Vogel, Aizenberg, and their colleagues sought to develop a coating that accomplished this and worked as SLIPS does. SLIPS thin layer of liquid lubricant allows liquids to flow easily over the surface, much as a thin layer of water in an ice rink helps an ice skater glide.. To create a SLIPS-like coating, the researchers corral a collection of tiny spherical particles of polystyrene, the main ingredient of Styrofoam, on a flat glass surface like a collection of pingpong balls. They pour liquid glass on them until the balls are more than half buried. After the glass solidifies, they burn away the beads, leaving a network of craters that resembles a honeycomb. They then coat that honeycomb ...
Aging skin is increasingly susceptible to lipid depletion: the loss of natural compounds in skins surface, present in the form of ceramides, natural cholesterol, and fatty acids. This lipid loss compromises skins natural protective barrier, resulting in visible signs of accelerated aging, as skin loses its ability to effectively self-repair.. Triple Lipid Restore 2:4:2 is an anti aging cream formulated with a maximized concentration of lipids: 2% pure ceramides, 4% natural cholesterol, and 2% fatty acids. This unique anti aging lipid correction cream contains the first 2:4:2 cholesterol-dominant ratio to help restore skins external barrier and support natural self-repair, while potently nourishing aging skin for improvement in visible signs of accelerated aging. Triple Lipid Restore 2:4:2 has been clinically proven to improve the visible appearance of skin smoothness, laxity, pores, and overall radiance.. ...
Any cell that has ever survived freezing or vitrification has recovered from imperfect preservation. Cells cooled below -100ºC enter an alien state in which most cell water is replaced by solutes, molecules deform from normal shapes, and even cell membranes undergo phase transitions. After warming and removal of cryoprotectant, cells engage in considerable self-repair before operating normally again.. It is a premise of cryonics that natural self-repair is not all that will ever exist in medicine. And indeed, it already is not, since molecular intervention in cell death following cryopreservation has already begun in mainstream cryobiology. Cryonicists have been envisioning cell repair augmentation by drugs, synthetic enzymes, viruses, and macrophages since the 1960s. These ideas, part of a biological tradition of diffusion-driven chemistry, are now termed wet nanotechnology. In the 1980s, a new type of nanotechnology based on positional control of chemical reactions was proposed in a ...
Po penetrácii koža samička vstrekne do krvi svoje sliny, ktoré obsahujú zmes molekúl, ktoré obmedzujú zrážanie krvi a potlačia bolesť po vpichnutí. Zároveň vnikne zápal, ktoré pomáha šíreniu vírusov.[6][13] Práve touto cestou sa do tela zvieraťa či človeka dostanú choroboplodné zárodky. Najvýznamnejšou prenášanou chorobu je malária, ktorú spôsobujú zimničky - parazitické prvoky rodu Plasmodium. Na ľudí ju prenášajú výlučne komáre rodu Anopheles, celkom asi 30 - 40 druhov z 200 tohto rodu, najmä potom anofeles škvrnitokrídly (Anopheles maculipennis)[6]. Komár Aedes aegypti je hlavným prenášačom arbovírusu žltej zimnice, vírusu Zika, horúčky dengue.[14] a ďalších horúčkovitých ochorení. Niektoré druhy komárov vyskytujúce sa aj v Európe môžu pasívne prenášať lymskú boreliózu[6]. Pasívny prenos znamená, že pôvodca choroby sa v tele komára nemnoží, len bol prenesený s čerstvou krvou, ktorú má komár usadenú na ...
Principal Investigator:OKYYAMA Takashi, Project Period (FY):1990 - 1992, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research, Section:Joint Research
At almost the same time, in the early 1970s, France witnessed one of its first public exchange offers, with the hostile bid made by BSN to take over Saint-Gobain. The meeting with Saint-Gobain was a unique opportunity to enter a new dimension. Pont-à-Mousson came to Saint-Gobains rescue by making a counter bid, and the two companies with high-profile identities merged. Mr. de Vogüe relinquished his position to Mr Roger Martin, who became the first President of the new Compagnie de Saint-Gobain - Pont-à-Mousson. The new giant was organized in three branches: Saint-Gobain SA (glass and packaging materials), Pont-à-Mousson Pipelines and Socea (water and sanitation). For Pont-à-Mousson, the 1970s were a time of diversification. Since 1986, President Jean-Louis Beffa and then President Pierre-André De Chalendar since 2010, have developed this group into a leading industrial player in most of its activities. The Saint-Gobain group resolutely focuses on internal growth, thanks to its constant ...
Growth hormone Receptor antibody [N3C2], Internal (growth hormone receptor) for IHC-P. Anti-Growth hormone Receptor pAb (GTX101192) is tested in Human samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
The book links the broad areas of organizational behavior and information management. It looks at how organizations behave as information-seeking, information-creating, and information-using ... More. The book links the broad areas of organizational behavior and information management. It looks at how organizations behave as information-seeking, information-creating, and information-using communities, and introduces a unifying framework to show how organizations create meaning, knowledge, and action. The book presents a model of how organizations use information strategically to adapt to external change and to foster internal growth. This model examines how people and groups within organizations use information to create an identity and a shared context for action and reflection; to develop new knowledge and new capabilities; and to make decisions that commit resources and capabilities to purposeful action.Less ...
Masimo (NSDQ:MASI) will pay $47.25 million upfront to acquire the connected care business of Culver City, Calif.-based NantHealth (NSDQ: NH), the company said today.. NantHealths connected care business provides medical device interoperability to hospitals and health systems, with products including DCX device connectivity (formerly known as DeviceConX), VCX patient vitals software (formerly known as VitalsConX), the HBox connectivity hub, and Shuttle interface cable.. Masimo officials think the acquisition will boost the companys goal of providing more hospital automation, connectivity and innovative noninvasive monitoring technologies.. Through connectivity, predictive algorithms and decision support, we hope to improve the continuum of great care. The connectivity assets we are acquiring are completely in line with our mission as they will help accelerate our internal growth initiatives in this area, Masimo CEO Joe Kiani said in a news release.. The connected care business at NantHealth ...
Our strong sales performance in the first quarter confirms we are capturing opportunities in our different growth pillars, both in emerging and developed markets, even in a global economic environment which remains challenging. By keeping the initiative and with appropriate pricing, we are building our market positions in different categories as part of our long-term, disciplined commitment to sustainable, profitable growth. We continue to increase investment in our brands, our innovation and new manufacturing and distribution capabilities, and will further drive our efficiency programmes across the world. I therefore reconfirm our outlook for 2010, both top and bottom line improvement.. Vevey, 22 April 2010 - In the first quarter of 2010, the Groups organic growth stood at 6.5%, including real internal growth of 4.8%. Foreign exchange impacted sales by -2.7%, while acquisitions, net of divestitures, added 0.6%. Overall, Group sales increased by 4.4%, to ...
Birthwort - Aristolochia. Also, birthroot (Trillium erectum). Birthwort - Aristolochiaceae, the birthwort family. Bishop's wort ...
Aristolochia spp. for therapeutic use. Aristolochic acid for human therapeutic use. Asarum spp. containing aristolochic acid(s ...
"Aristolochia clusii". MaltaWildPlants.com. Retrieved 2022-01-04. Mifsud, Stephen. "Artemisia absinthium". MaltaWildPlants.com. ...
"Aristolochia, birthwort". The Poison Garden. John Robertson. Archived from the original on 15 March 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2022 ...
Aristolochia albida Duch. Asclepias curassavica L. Ascolepis brasiliensis (Kunth) Benth. Ascolepis capensis (Kunth) Ridl. ...
Aristolochia allemanii Hoehne Aristolochia brasiliensis Mart. et Zucc. Aristolochia cymbifera Mart. et Zucc. Aristolochia ... ex Klotzsch Aristolochia galeata Mart. et Zucc. Aristolochia gigantea Mart. et Zucc. Acanthospermum australe (Loef.) O. Kunze ...
Feeds on Aristolochia (Moore.) Pale purplish ochreous, bent backwards anteriorly; thorax conical, the top flattened and its ... although the caterpillar feeds on the aristolochia and the betel leaf and suspends its chrysalis from its drooping tendrils. ...
Aristolochiaceae) Aristolochia championii Merr. & Chun (Boraginaceae) Ehretia championii Wight & Gardner ex C.B.Clarke ( ...
Aristolochia pubera R.Br. Arthropodium cirratum (G.Forst.) R.Br. Arthropodium fimbriatum R.Br. Arthropodium minus R.Br. ...
Dalziel Aristolochia albida Duch. (Aristolochia petersiana Klotzsch) Aristolochia littoralis Parodi (Aristolochia elegans Mast ...
The larvae of Battus lycidas feed on Aristolochia huberiana. and on Aristolochia constricta. This species can be found from ...
Aristolochia spp., Argyreia penangiana, Ficus spp., Ficus retusa, F. benjamina, and Ichnocarpus volubis. Female ventral view. ...
Aristolochia deltantha F.Muell. Aristolochia holtzei F.Muell. Aristolochia praevenosa F.Muell. Aristolochia thozetii F.Muell. ...
"Aristolochia manshuriensis - Plant Finder". www.missouribotanicalgarden.org. Retrieved 6 March 2019. "Natural Does Not Mean ...
Harrison, Neil A. (November 24, 1988). "Aristolochia nana S. Watson". Retrieved June 7, 2005. This is an herbarium sheet. (CS1 ...
endangered) Aristolochia manshuriensis Kom. - (endangered) Asparagus brachyphyllus Turcz. - (rare) Asphodeline taurica (Pall. ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia. Genus: Trogonoptera Rippon, 1890 Species: Trogonoptera brookiana Wallace, 1855 Subspecies: ...
Leafy inflorescence of Aristolochia clematitis. Plant organs can grow according to two different schemes, namely monopodial or ...
It feeds on Aristolochia species. Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S. (2000). "Zerynthia caucasica". IUCN Red List of Threatened ...
Female with grey-green area on the forewing before the hindmargin, which occurs in no other female of the Aristolochia- ... The larvae feed on Aristolochia. P. p. phosphorus Guianas, eastern Venezuela, Brazil (Pará) P. p. gratianus (Hewitson, 1861) ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia. The taxonomic position of P. a. antiphus is uncertain. It is regarded as conspecific with ...
Eine neue Aristolochia aus Bolivien. Stuttgart: Württ. Naturaliensammlung, 1927. Kakteen, Anleitung zur Kultur und Kenntnis der ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia. P. cutorina Stgr. (female = mazeppa Grose-Smith) (3 c). Palpi red. Forewing of the male with a ...
"Jepson Flora Project: Aristolochia californica". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved 30 August 2013. Fordyce, ... Aristolochia californica". Journal of Chemical Ecology. 26 (11): 2567-2578. doi:10.1023/a:1005588829864. S2CID 22566265. " ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia species. "The male is called by Bates a swift and bold flier; the female with yellow area on ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia species. Atrophaneura at Funet Page M. G.P & Treadaway,C. G. 2003 Schmetterlinge der Erde, ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia tentaculata. The forewing has a row of submarginal spots. The hindwing has a uniformly curved ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia species. Atrophaneura semperi semperi (Philippines: Camiguin de Luzon, Polillo) Atrophaneura ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia constricta. As the caterpillars feed off these poisonous pipevines, the insects become ...
The larvae feed on Aristolochia elegans. Edwin Möhn, 2002 Schmetterlinge der Erde, Butterflies of the World Part V (5), ...
Aristolochia hians Aristolochia hirta Aristolochia holtzei Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochia inflata Aristolochia iquitensis ... Aristolochia daemoninoxia Aristolochia dalyi Aristolochia delavayi Franch. Aristolochia deltantha Aristolochia deltoidea ... Aristolochia macroura Aristolochia manchuriensis Aristolochia mathewsii Aristolochia maurorum Aristolochia maxima Jacq. - ... Aristolochia socorroensis Aristolochia sprucei - spruce-leaved aristolochia Aristolochia stevensii Barringer Aristolochia ...
... californica. FNA Vol. 3. 233500157. Aristolochia clematitis. FNA Vol. 3. 233500158. Aristolochia coryi. FNA Vol. 3 ... Aristolochia macrophylla. FNA Vol. 3. 233500161. Aristolochia maxima. FNA Vol. 3. 233500162. Aristolochia pentandra. FNA Vol. 3 ... Aristolochia tomentosa. FNA Vol. 3. 233500166. Aristolochia watsonii. FNA Vol. 3. 233500167. Aristolochia wrightii. FNA Vol. 3 ...
If an entry has the cluster HP CGH, this means normal house plant culture will be successful if the plant is given a cool CGH moist location; however if the entry has the cluster CGH HP, you would interpret this to suggest that while Cool Greenhouse conditions are needed for total success with this plant, House Plant conditions will be adequate, while not ideal. If the cluster is HH CGH you would interpret this to mean that while in Zone 8 or below this will be winter hardy outdoor, further north it will need considerable mulch, a cold frame, or a Cool Greenhouse to thrive. And so on.. × ...
Call: 1-877-298-6623, 1-360-312-3173 (Int.) Email: marketingatsaveontapestries.com 7068 Portal Way, Unit 130 Ferndale ...
International Banana Society homepage. Tips on growing bananas, banana seed germination tips, banana recipes, buy sell trade bananas, extensive banana photo gallery, banana wiki, banana links, and more. Everything you want to know about banana plants. IBS
Aristolochia. ,. albida. ,. Record no. 49926. Details of record no: 49926. Aristolochia albida Duch.. Three blocks of ... Flora of Zimbabwe: Individual record no: 49926: Aristolochia albida. https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species-record ...
... is a new species here described as Aristolochia adiastola. In addition, two new species, A. bonettiana and A. marioniana, also ... photographic record of the senior author of this study indicate that there are several undescribed species of Aristolochia in ...
Prescription: Aristolochia clematis. The reaction was clear. For a week she had the feeling to be outside the family and she ... Sorbus domesticus/ Lecitinum/ Aristolochia clematis in a one case. by Maarten van der Meer ...
Aristolochia. ,. littoralis. ,. Record no. 76223. Details of record no: 76223. Aristolochia littoralis Parodi. Three blocks of ... Flora of Zimbabwe: Individual record no: 76223: Aristolochia littoralis. https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species- ...
BASIONYM: Aristolochia pentandra Jacquin 1760.. Aristolochia conferta Aristolochia conferta Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.. ... BASIONYM: Aristolochia hastata Kunth 1817.. Aristolochia racemosa Aristolochia racemosa Brandegee, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: ... Aristolochia pentandra Jacq. - MARSHS DUTCHMANS-PIPE. Citation. Citation. ARISTOLOCHIA PENTANDRA Jacquin, Enum. Syst. Pl. 30 ... Aristolochia hastata Aristolochia hastata Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 148, t. 116. 1817.. TYPE: CUBA: Havana,. ...
Be the first to review "Aristolochia manshuriensis" Cancel reply. Sorry, you are not allowed to leave a comment/feedback. ... Starter plant of this 3 inch hardy woody deciduous vine called Aristolochia manshuriensis, Manchurian Pipevine or Chinese ...
SKU: WC_7523 Categories: Aristolochia Seeds, Perennial seeds, Rare or Unusual Seeds, USDA Hardiness Zone 10a, USDA Hardiness ... Be the first to review "Aristolochia chilensis intermediate 6 seeds" Cancel reply. Sorry, you are not allowed to leave a ... Seeds from this tropical tender perennial vine called Aristolochia chilensis intermediate. This exotic little vine in the ...
Images/Photos from The Plant Observatory.
Aristolochia may be used to treat malaria. One Brazilian species, A. littoralis, has become an invasive species in the United ... Aristolochia cucurbitifolia only grows in Taiwan. Many other species are only found in China. Many species of butterfly and ... Many cases of kidney failure have been linked to aristolochia. A. grandiflora, or the pelican flower, is native to the ... Aristolochia is a genus of woody vines and perennial herbs known collectively as birthworts, Dutchmans pipes, or pipevines. ...
Aristolochia clematitis L. (Aristolóquia). Família Aristolochiaceae. Géneros Aristolochia. Ervas daninhas ... Aristolochia clematitis L. Ervas daninhas Família Aristolochiaceae Géneros Aristolochia Espécie Aristolochia clematitis L. Nome ...
Knossou Ave., P.O. Box 2208, 71409 Heraklion Crete, Greece. Tel./Fax: +30 2810-324366. e-mail: [email protected] ...
Photo of a NHMC herbarium specimen of Round-leaved Birthwor, Aristolochia rotunda. ...
Aristolochia rotunda. A wild plant by Surfelife, Inaturalist.. The flower by Hectonichus, Wikipedia.org.. Michaela ...
Aristolochia vallisicola T.L.Yao. First published in PhytoKeys 14: 16 (2012) ...
Aristolochia). Formuotos pušelės (5) Spygliuočiai (163) Lapuočiai medžiai (106) Lapuočiai krūmai (256) Visžaliai (3) Rožės (3) ... Aristolochia) (0) - Ląstūnė (lot. Campsis) (0) - Raganė (lot. Clematis) (0) - Sausmedis (lot. Lonicera) (0) - Smaugikas (lot. ...
Copyright © 2022 CGAPS • Sitemap • Designed by Websites with Aloha • Log in ...
Aristolochia. Plant Tags and Pot/Tray Labels are available for all of our seeds. Order from Hazzards Plant Tags. Just enter ... Aristolochia clematitis 100 seeds. Code: A6294. Quantity in Cart: None. Class: Perennial. Hardy to Climate Zone: 5. Height: 24 ... Aristolochia clematitis 1,000 seeds. Code: A6294V. Quantity in Cart: None. Class: Perennial. Hardy to Climate Zone: 5. Height: ... Aristolochia *Armeria (Thrift) *Arnica *Artemisia *Arum *Aruncus (Goatsbeard) *Asarum (Ginger) *Asclepias (Butterfly Weed) * ...
Aristolochia fangchi: A Chinese herb that is injurious to the kidney and is also associated with an increased risk of cancer of ... Aristolochia fangchi. Aristolochia fangchi: A Chinese herb that is injurious to the kidney and is also associated with an ... Disclaimer: Aristolochia fangchi definition / meaning should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be ... Aristolochia can cause kidney failure requiring renal dialysis or a kidney transplant. The tumors reported have included ...
Interceptive & abortifacient activity of Aristolochia indica L. & possible mode of action.. Authors: Pakrashi, A. Pakrashi, P L ... Interceptive & abortifacient activity of Aristolochia indica L. & possible mode of action. Indian Journal of Experimental ...
Aristolochia tomentosa Wooly pipevine 10 seeds. Aristolochia fimbriata - white-veined Duchmans pipe 6. Aristolochia ... Aristolochia … Prefer a location full sun. Aristolochia serpentaria - Virginia snakeroot 4. DUTCHMANS PIPE VINE - ( ... Aristolochia grandiflora) --- 5 Fresh Seeds ---, Aristolochia tomentosa , Wooly Pipevine , 5_Seeds, Darlingtonia Californica * ... Aristolochia is a larval plant for the pipe vine swallowtail butterfly, so its a good choice for a butterfly garden if you ...
AL, AK, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, NE, NH, NJ, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, VA, WV & WI Dismiss. [class*="wpim"] input[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button, [class*="wpiinventory"] input[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button, [class*="wpim"] input[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button, [class*="wpinventory"] input[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button { -webkit-appearance: none; margin: 0; } [class*="wpim"] input[type="number"], [class*="wpinventory"] input[type="number"] { -moz-appearance: textfield; } .wpim-stepper { position: relative; display: flex; align-items: stretch; } .wpim-stepper input { width: 50px; } .wpim-stepper .stepper-arrow-container { display: flex; height: 100%; flex-direction: column; justify-content:center; } .wpim-stepper .stepper-arrow { display: block; border: 1px solid #ccc; margin: 0; padding: 0 5px; line-height: 13px; font-size: 13px; margin-left: 2px; margin-bottom: -1px; background: ...
Aristolochia clematitis. Posted on Feb 14, 2012 in Foto-descrieri specii , 0 comments ...
Aristolochia exigua Lindm. Aristolochiaceae. Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, vol. 1 : t. 7, fig. a-d (1900-1908) [C.A.M. Lindman] ...
Synonym(s): Aristolochia convolvulacea, Aristolochia hastata, Aristolochia nashii, Aristolochia serpentaria var. hastata, ... USDA: Find Aristolochia serpentaria in USDA Plants. FNA: Find Aristolochia serpentaria in the Flora of North America (if ... Aristolochia serpentaria. Aristolochia serpentaria L.. Virginia Snakeroot, Virginia Dutchmanspipe. Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort ... Aristolochia serpentaria var. nashii, Endodeca serpentaria, Endodeca serpentaria var. hastata. USDA Symbol: ARSE3. USDA Native ...
Aristolochia angustifolia var. longifolia Cham.. Synonym. WCSP (in review). Aristolochia longifolia Roxb.. Synonym. WCSP (in ... Aristolochia moluccana Duch. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Aristolochia (family ...
  • Aristolochia (English: /əˌrɪstəˈloʊkiə/) is a large plant genus with over 500 species that is the type genus of the family Aristolochiaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Aristolochia (family Aristolochiaceae ). (plantlist.org)
  • We report on a previously unknown pollination/mimicry system discovered in deceptive Aristolochia rotunda (Aristolochiaceae). (researchgate.net)
  • A number of Aristolochia species (Aristolochiaceae) have been recorded as larval food plants for Allancastria cerisyi . (tolweb.org)
  • Aristolochia clematitis / Conium maculatum comp. (regena.ch)
  • D12 (HAB 2a), Aranea diadema (HAB 34) D20 (HAB 4b), Aristolochia clematitis D24 (HAB), Carbo animalis D20 (HAB), Conium maculatum D30 (HAB), Galium aparine D3 (HAB), Solanum dulcamara D6 (HAB), Spongilla lacustris D20 (HAB), Viscum album D4 (HAB). (regena.ch)
  • any of various plants of the genus Aristolochia, especially A. clematitis, an Old World species reputed to facilitate childbirth. (dictionary.com)
  • A) Aristolochia clematitis , found to contaminate wheat fields in the affected regions. (who.int)
  • It typically occurs in 2-5% of individuals after 15 years of living in the area and is believed to be due to ingestion of aristolochic acid, found in seeds of the Aristolochia clematitis plant 2 . (radiopaedia.org)
  • this Chinese herbal classic describes 1892 "drugs" (with 1110 drawings), including many species of Aristolochia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Encyclopedia lists 23 species of Aristolochia, though with little mention of toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In traditional Chinese medicine Aristolochia species are used for certain forms of acute arthritis and edema. (wikipedia.org)
  • A review of the literature at large and the field photographic record of the senior author of this study indicate that there are several undescribed species of Aristolochia in Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), related to A. bilobata . (mapress.com)
  • Here we show that A. mirandae is a synonym of A. bilobata and that what appears as A. bilobata in Marión H. (2011: 76-77) is a new species here described as Aristolochia adiastola . (mapress.com)
  • Many species of butterfly and moth feed on Aristolochia , and the toxin in the plant makes them undesirable to predators. (wise-geek.com)
  • Many Aristolochia species are threatened or endangered, including A. cucurbitifolia , which only grows in Taiwan. (wise-geek.com)
  • Aristolochia serpentaria Virginia Snakeroot is one of several species of vines known as "pipevines. (butterflygardenstogo.com)
  • All Aristolochia species, except for the Aristolochia gigantea, are larval host plants for the Pipevine Swallowtail, Polydamas Swallowtail, and Mylotes Cattleheart butterflies. (buyrareseeds.com)
  • Distribution The more primitive subgenus Pararistolochia is only distributed in West Africa (except 1 species in Malesia), the subgenus Aristolochia in the tropical and subtropical regions, rarely in the temperate one, and the most advanced subgenus Siphisia occurs mainly in E. Asia, occasionally in N. America. (jse.ac.cn)
  • Various species of the Aristolochia genus are used medicinally throughout the world. (rationalwiki.org)
  • Background: In Aristolochia species the pollination process involves temporary imprisonment of pollinators. (unab.cl)
  • For Aristolochia species there is an extra factor: survival of trapped insects. (unab.cl)
  • We also compiled information on floral longevity and habitat characteristics of Aristolochia species using published literature. (unab.cl)
  • A. chilensis had the greatest floral longevity recorded for the genus and the study population was located in the most arid and least productive environment reported for any Aristolochia species. (unab.cl)
  • When data from nine Aristolochia species were analysed, floral longevity increased with habitat aridity and decreased with habitat productivity. (unab.cl)
  • LC-MS- and 1 H NMR-based metabolomic analysis and in vitro toxicological assessment of 43 Aristolochia species. (nature.com)
  • Over 100 years ago, toxicologists discovered the dangerous properties of aristolochic acid, found in the Aristolochia plant family, which includes hundreds of species of birthworts, also known as "Dutchman's pipes," explained USA Today. (yourlawyer.com)
  • The outbreak led to warnings and a 2000 New England Journal of Medicine report indicating that about 5% of 1,800 women given the Chinese herb, Aristolochia fangchi (another birthwort species), at a weight-loss treatment developed kidney failure. (yourlawyer.com)
  • The recently-reported UK cases of kidney failure are associated with the herbal ingredient known by the Chinese name Mu Tong -- used to describe at least four different plants including species of clematis, akebia and aristolochia," an official statement said. (org.in)
  • In both cases, the Mu Tong used was, in fact, the toxic species Aristolochia rather than one of the other harmless herbs," it added. (org.in)
  • The herbal drug aristolochic acid (AA) derived from Aristolochia species has been shown to be the cause of aristolochic acid n. (nel.edu)
  • en consecuencia, conviene que quienes estén [email protected] en reconocer una especie revisiten dichas fichas periódicamente, utilizando el índice de la barra lateral derecha / Each species information sheet can be enlarged or renewed, but they conserve their original place -they do not are posted as new sheets-, so people interested to recognize them are advised to revisitate periodically the same sheets using the right bar index. (blogspot.com)
  • Aristolochic acids I and II, classified by IARC as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), are present in many species of Aristolochia and Asarum , which are used in a variety of traditional herbal remedies, mainly in Asia ( IARC, 2012 ). (who.int)
  • During a botanical expedition in Tongbiguan Provincial Nature Reserve, in SW Yunnan, the staffs from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) collected an unknown species of Aristolochia. (cubg.cn)
  • Aristolochia is a genus of evergreen and deciduous lianas (woody vines) and herbaceous perennials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia is a genus of woody vines and perennial herbs known collectively as birthworts, Dutchman's pipes, or pipevines. (wise-geek.com)
  • This revision deals with the system, evolution, distribution, cytotaxonomy and taxonomic treatment of the genus Aristolochia Linn. (jse.ac.cn)
  • It is evident that the genus Aristolochia, with a tubular perianth, stamens 6, a gynostemium, an inferior ovary and a capsule, is in highly advanced position in the family. (jse.ac.cn)
  • For the plant genus, see Aristolochia . (wikipedia.org)
  • The birthwort family also contains the genus Aristolochia, known for carcinogens. (garden.org)
  • Pipevine Swallowtails lay their eggs in small clusters of usually less than twenty, often on young leaves or stems of Pipevine plants, members of the genus Aristolochia . (the-natural-web.org)
  • Three other reports were received in July 2007 from Madison, and in late July, caterpillars were observed feeding on Aristolochia macrophylla in Plover, WI. (wisconsinbutterflies.org)
  • Choose from American wisteria (Wisteria frutescens), trumpet creeper (Campsis radicans), Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), passionflower vine (Passiflora lutea) or Dutchman's pipe (Aristolochia macrophylla). (gardenguides.com)
  • The excerpt on Aristolochia macrophylla I included in my previous post was from this book. (clminternship.org)
  • Aristolochia macrophylla is listed as imperiled (S2) for the state of Maryland. (clminternship.org)
  • Aristolochia macrophylla (Pipevine) climbing up a Sycamore tree. (clminternship.org)
  • They were Pipevine Swallowtail butterflies, a male and a female, flitting about in the neighborhood of a very large Dutchman's Pipevine ( Aristolochia macrophylla ), the plant that gives them their name. (the-natural-web.org)
  • This entry was posted in Butterflies , Gardening for Wildlife , Native Plants and tagged Aristolochia macrophylla , Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve , Dutchman's Pipevine , nature , Pipevine Swallowtail by Mary Anne Borge . (the-natural-web.org)
  • California Pipevine (Aristolochia californica)Excerpt by Judy Brinkerhoff. (act31.org)
  • Aristolochia californica California Pipevine is a fascinating plant because of it's intriguing flowers and unique relationship to the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, who's larvae feed only on the leaves of this plant. (act31.org)
  • La pianta Aristolochia gigantea è originaria del Brasile, della Colombia e di Panama. (mondopiante.com)
  • Aristolochia gigantea 'Brazilensis' on the Sun Porch. (chanticleergarden.org)
  • Photo of a NHMC herbarium specimen of Round-leaved Birthwor, Aristolochia rotunda. (uoc.gr)
  • Aristolochia rotunda L. (naturalis.nl)
  • Aristolochia serpentaria - Virginia snakeroot 4. (act31.org)
  • Aristolochia serpentaria L. (wildflower.org)
  • Aristolochia serpentaria is a host plant to the beautiful Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly. (butterflygardenstogo.com)
  • The Nomenclatural Status of Aristolochia serpentaria Var. (unc.edu)
  • In this page you can discover 3 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for Virginia serpentaria , like: Virginia snakeroot, Virginia serpentary and Aristolochia serpentaria. (yourdictionary.com)
  • Aristolochia serpentaria Linnaeus, var. (floraofalabama.org)
  • Starter plant of this 3 inch hardy woody deciduous vine called Aristolochia manshuriensis, Manchurian Pipevine or Chinese Pipevine. (georgiavines.com)
  • Aristolochia tomentosa Wooly pipevine 10 seeds. (act31.org)
  • 50 Seeds Aristolochia ringens Gaping Pipevine ThailandMagicFLOWER. (act31.org)
  • Aristolochia tomentosa Pipevine. (act31.org)
  • The Chinese government currently lists the following Aristolochia herbs: A. manshuriensis (stems), A. fangchi (root), A. debilis (root and fruit), and A. contorta (fruit), two of which (madouling and qingmuxiang) appear in the 2005 Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1993, a series of end-stage renal disease cases was reported from Belgium associated with a weight loss treatment, where Stephania tetrandra in a herbal preparation was suspected of being replaced with Aristolochia fangchi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia fangchi: A Chinese herb that is injurious to the kidney and is also associated with an increased risk of cancer of the urinary system. (definithing.com)
  • Aristolochic acid, the harmful ingredient in Aristolochia fangchi, is also toxic to the kidney and carcinogenic (causes cancer) in laboratory animals. (definithing.com)
  • Disclaimer: Aristolochia fangchi definition / meaning should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. (definithing.com)
  • For instance, in 1996 more than 50 people in Belgium suffered kidney failure after taking a herbal preparation which contained Aristolochia fangchi (a toxic plant) instead of Stephania tetrandra or Magnolia officinalis . (who.int)
  • Dietary supplements containing aristolochic acid (aristolochia fangchi) are unsafe. (bannerhealth.com)
  • Specifically, Dutchman's Pipe, Aristolochia tomentosa . (intownhawk.com)
  • Seeds from this tropical tender perennial vine called Aristolochia chilensis intermediate. (georgiavines.com)
  • If you are planting the vine Native Dutchman's Pipe ( Aristolochia tagala ) that is the host plant for the Cairns Bird-wing butterfly, please be careful that you are not sold the imported Dutchman's Pipe, which is a close relative but actually poisonous to the butterfly. (envirocare.org.au)
  • This is Aristolochia elegans, also known as Elegant Dutchmans Pipe, and Calico Flower. (buy-rare-seeds.com)
  • Despite its presence in ancient medicine, Aristolochia is known to contain the lethal toxin aristolochic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aristolochia is highly toxic to humans when consumed because it contains aristolochic acid (AA). (rationalwiki.org)
  • Aristolochia causes kidney failure (aristolochic acid nephropathy or AAN) and cancer . (rationalwiki.org)
  • Figure 1 Effects of aristolochic acid observed in upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs) from the endemic nephropathy (EN) regions. (who.int)
  • C) Mutational signatures identified in the EN UTUC tumours (COSMIC SBS22 = aristolochic acid mutational signature). (who.int)
  • BC Greek philosopher and botanist Theophrastus in his ''Inquiry of Plants'' [IX.8.3], and the scientific name Aristolochia was developed from Ancient Greek aristos (άριστος) "best" + locheia (λοχεία), childbirth or childbed, relating to its known ancient use in childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Objective: To investigate the antimicrobial potentiality of two medicinal plants namely Aristolochia krisagathra and Thottea ponmudiana against 12 bacteria and 2 fungi. (researchgate.net)
  • Aristolochia tagala 10 Seeds Dutchmans Pipe Heavy Producer Aromatic Flowers Sun or Shade Hummingbirds Love! (act31.org)
  • Here are seeds from Aristolochia bracteolata. (buyrareseeds.com)
  • Gaping Dutchman's Pipe (Aristolochia ringens), is a perennial climbing plant from South America and can grow up to 6 m high. (act31.org)
  • Korea is no exception, where Aristolochia contorta (쥐방울덩굴) and A. manshuriensis (등칡) are used in herbal medicine. (rationalwiki.org)
  • The dry ripe fruit of botan-lianoid plant Aristolochia contorta Bge. (tcmwiki.com)
  • Aristolochia fimbriata - white-veined Duchman's pipe 6. (act31.org)
  • This is Aristolochia fimbriata, also known as the White Veined Dutchmans Pipe. (buyrareseeds.com)
  • Also, Aristolochia bracteolata is colloquially known as "worm killer" due to supposed antihelminthic activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • ஆடு தீண்டாப்பாளை - aadu theenda palai - Aristolochia bracteolata. (scientificjudgment.com)
  • Aristolochia clematis stimulates the Mesenchyme system and phagocytic activity. (emedicinehub.com)
  • I am interested in aristolochia macroura and passiflora 'Misson Dolorese. (terraforums.com)
  • The image shows the cross section of the stem of the Aristolochia sipho plant. (microbehunter.com)
  • The fast-growing Aristolochia is a climbing plant and also called "pelican flower", for seen from the side the giant flowers resemble a pelican with open beak. (valentine.gr)
  • This plant is biologically known as Aristolochia Indica. (indianetzone.com)
  • Some people said it probably fed on a rare plant called Aristolochia which grows in the mountains. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Valencia: Quart de Poblet, planta cultivada en el CIEF (Centro para la Investigación y Experimentación Forestal) / cultivated plant at CIEF (Centre for Forestry Research and Experimentation) , 03.2006. (blogspot.com)
  • Many cases of kidney failure and death have been linked to medication with Aristolochia . (wise-geek.com)
  • Aristolochia can cause kidney failure requiring renal dialysis or a kidney transplant. (definithing.com)
  • For example, they report that the herb aristolochia has been conclusively linked to kidney failure and cancer in China, Europe, Japan, and the U.S. Yohimbe, a supplement marketed as a sexual stimulant and an herbal Viagra, has been linked to heart and respiratory problems. (medscape.com)
  • In 1969, a Croatian researcher found that Aristolochia poisoning might have been involved in unusual kidney failure and urinary tract cancer cases seen in areas of Croatia, Bulgaria, and Romania, said USA Today. (yourlawyer.com)
  • Aristolochia was blamed for more than 70 cases of kidney failure in Belgium in 1993. (org.in)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Interceptive & abortifacient activity of Aristolochia indica L. & possible mode of action. (who.int)
  • Aristolochia indica L. (kew.org)
  • BASIONYM: Aristolochia pentandra Jacquin 1760. (usf.edu)
  • BASIONYM: Aristolochia hastata Kunth 1817. (usf.edu)
  • Aristolochia hastata Kunth, in Humboldt et al. (usf.edu)
  • Toxic and potentially fatal in large quantities, Aristolochia nonetheless has a long history of use in traditional medicine. (wise-geek.com)
  • Did you know the flowers of Watson's Dutchman's pipe ( Aristolochia watsonii ) grow to resemble a rodent ear to lure in biting flies that pollinate them? (dbg.org)
  • Print PDF View as a single page Aristolochia trilobata - Dutchman's Pipe 7. (act31.org)
  • Aims: Our aim was to study the pollination biology of A. chilensis in an arid ecosystem and to determine the relationship between floral longevity in Aristolochia and aridity. (unab.cl)
  • Tomlinson, T., Fernandes, A. & Grollman, A. P. Aristolochia herbs and iatrogenic disease: the case of Portland's powders. (nature.com)
  • Aristolochia cucurbitifolia only grows in Taiwan. (wise-geek.com)