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Antibacterial potentiality of Argemone mexicana solvent extracts against some pathogenic bacteria. (1/3)

The sensitivity of two Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) and two Gram negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) pathogenic multi-drug resistant bacteria was tested against the crude extracts (cold aqueous, hot aqueous, and methanol extracts) of leaves and seeds of Argemone mexicana L. (Papaveraceae) by agar well diffusion method. Though all the extracts were found effective, yet the methanol extract showed maximum inhibition against the test microorganisms followed by hot aqueous extract and cold aqueous extract.  (+info)

Evaluation of toxicity of plant extracts against vector of lymphatic filariasis, Culex quinquefasciatus. (2/3)

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Conventional insecticides are generally used as larvicides to control Culex quinquefasciatus, vector of lymphatic filariasis. This study was undertaken to evaluate the larvicidal activity of some potential larvicidal plants leaf extracts against Cx. quinquefasciatus larvae. METHODS: The toxic effects of petroleum ether leaf extracts of plants viz., Argemone mexicana (Mexican prickly poppy), Clausena dentata (Dentate), Cipadessa baccifera (Rana bili), Dodonaea angustifolia (Hop bush) and Melia dubia (Pride of India) were evaluated under laboratory conditions in individual and in combination against 3 rd - 4 th instar larvae of Cx. quinquefasciatus. RESULTS: The results indicated that among the selected plants, A. mexicana showed maximum larvicidal activity with an LC 50 value of 48.89 ppm. Its toxicity was enhanced when the extract was mixed (1:1) with that of C. dentata as the LC 50 value became 28.60 ppm indicating synergistic action of A. mexicana. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed high larvicidal potential in A. mexicana leaf extract, and it also showed additive effect when mixed with C. dentata extract.  (+info)

Pharmacological efficacy of argemone mexicana plant extract, against cysteamine-induced duodenal ulceration in rats. (3/3)

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  • calochortus canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis) chicalote (Argemone munita) coulter pine (Pinus coulteri) deerweed (Acmispon glaber) diamond-petalled clarkia (Clarkia rhomboidea) fremont's bush mallow (Malacothamnus fremontii) (sp. (calflora.net)
  • Estudiamos el potencial nutricional y medicinal de las hojas de A. subfusiformis y U. urens, recolectados en Alice, Sudáfrica , en noviembre de 2006. (bvsalud.org)
  • Además, la composición química mostró una alta concentración de alcaloides , saponinas y fitatos en A. subfusiformis. (bvsalud.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Effect of argemone oil feeding on blood biochemistry and tissue changes in albino rats. (who.int)
  • Argemone oil in mustard oil. (bvsalud.org)
  • Argemone oil poisoning is relatively common in India, where it is known as epidemic dropsy and is a result of argemone oil being added as an adulterant to mustard oil. (medscape.com)
  • [ 2 ] Argemone oil poisoning has also been reported after transcutaneous absorption from adulterated mustard oil used in massages. (medscape.com)
  • In this study, we evaluated the anti-proliferative activity of Argemone gracilenta's methanol extract and its fractions. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Latin specific epithet argemone is derived from the Greek 'argema' meaning cataract, and was applied by Dioscorides to a poppy-like plant used to treat cataracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biological studies on Argemone gracilenta are scarce, and for this reason the aim of this work was to evaluate the anti-proliferative activity of this plant on different cancerous cell lines and to identify the responsible compounds for such activity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Die plant is inheems aan Wes-Indië en moontlik ook aan Sentraal-Amerika en Florida . (wikipedia.org)
  • P. argemone was verified by United States Department of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service on 10 May 1996, then updated on 27 May 2004, and is an accepted name by the Royal Horticultural Society. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary Argemone in the area and very distinct with its prickles all over, showy white petals and many bright yellow stamens followed by globose fruits which emit a black tar when punctured.Two subspecies found in the region subsp. (neonscience.org)
  • During the latest survey, a 100% cure rate was reported for adults and children over five who had an uncomplicated episode of malaria and used the Argemone preparation. (antenna.ch)
  • Ever wanted to find out whether there is urea in the milk you consume or if oil of argemone has found its way in your mustard oil? (org.in)