Areca: A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. Members contain ARECOLINE and CATECHIN. The leaves and nuts have been used as masticatories, stimulants, and astringents in traditional medicine. The common name of betel is also used for PIPER BETLE. The common name of catechu is sometimes used for ACACIA CATECHU.Arecoline: An alkaloid obtained from the betel nut (Areca catechu), fruit of a palm tree. It is an agonist at both muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It is used in the form of various salts as a ganglionic stimulant, a parasympathomimetic, and a vermifuge, especially in veterinary practice. It has been used as a euphoriant in the Pacific Islands.Oral Submucous FibrosisNuts: Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Piper betle: A plant genus of the family PIPERACEAE that is indigenous in the Indian Malay region and cultivated in Madagascar, and the West Indies. It contains chavibetol, chavicol and cadinene. The leaf is chewed as a stimulant, antiseptic and sialogogue. The common name of betel is also used for ARECA.Micronesia: The collective name for islands of the Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines, including the Mariana, PALAU, Caroline, Marshall, and Kiribati Islands. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p761 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p350)Tobacco, Smokeless: Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.Mouth Mucosa: Lining of the ORAL CAVITY, including mucosa on the GUMS; the PALATE; the LIP; the CHEEK; floor of the mouth; and other structures. The mucosa is generally a nonkeratinized stratified squamous EPITHELIUM covering muscle, bone, or glands but can show varying degree of keratinization at specific locations.Habits: Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.PakistanPlant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Gingiva: Oral tissue surrounding and attached to TEETH.Mouth Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Atlantic Islands: Widely scattered islands in the Atlantic Ocean as far north as the AZORES and as far south as the South Sandwich Islands, with the greatest concentration found in the CARIBBEAN REGION. They include Annobon Island, Ascension, Canary Islands, Falkland Islands, Fernando Po (also called Isla de Bioko and Bioko), Gough Island, Madeira, Sao Tome and Principe, Saint Helena, and Tristan da Cunha.Polyesters: Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Coniferophyta: A plant division of GYMNOSPERMS consisting of cone-bearing trees and shrubs.Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Apolipoprotein A-I: The most abundant protein component of HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS or HDL. This protein serves as an acceptor for CHOLESTEROL released from cells thus promoting efflux of cholesterol to HDL then to the LIVER for excretion from the body (reverse cholesterol transport). It also acts as a cofactor for LECITHIN CHOLESTEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE that forms CHOLESTEROL ESTERS on the HDL particles. Mutations of this gene APOA1 cause HDL deficiency, such as in FAMILIAL ALPHA LIPOPROTEIN DEFICIENCY DISEASE and in some patients with TANGIER DISEASE.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Famous PersonsInternet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Crocus: A plant genus, in the IRIDACEAE family, known as a source of Saffron.Flavobacterium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in SOIL and WATER. Its organisms are also found in raw meats, MILK and other FOOD, hospital environments, and human clinical specimens. Some species are pathogenic in humans.Bambusa: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. Young shoots are eaten in Asian foods while the stiff mature stems are used for construction of many things. The common name of bamboo is also used for other genera of Poaceae including Phyllostachys, SASA, and Dendrocalamus.Sasa: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. Folin is the water-soluble extract from Sasa albomarginata. Sasa kurinensis is an ingredient of Sho-ju-sen, a Japanese herbal medicine.Glass: Hard, amorphous, brittle, inorganic, usually transparent, polymerous silicate of basic oxides, usually potassium or sodium. It is used in the form of hard sheets, vessels, tubing, fibers, ceramics, beads, etc.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Carboxypeptidases A: Carboxypeptidases that are primarily found the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM that catalyze the release of C-terminal amino acids. Carboxypeptidases A have little or no activity for hydrolysis of C-terminal ASPARTIC ACID; GLUTAMIC ACID; ARGININE; LYSINE; or PROLINE. This enzyme requires ZINC as a cofactor and was formerly listed as EC 3.4.2.1 and EC 3.4.12.2.Bays: An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.NaphthyridinesNitrosamines: A class of compounds that contain a -NH2 and a -NO radical. Many members of this group have carcinogenic and mutagenic properties.Carcinogens: Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.Pancreatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).Pancreas, Exocrine: The major component (about 80%) of the PANCREAS composed of acinar functional units of tubular and spherical cells. The acinar cells synthesize and secrete several digestive enzymes such as TRYPSINOGEN; LIPASE; AMYLASE; and RIBONUCLEASE. Secretion from the exocrine pancreas drains into the pancreatic ductal system and empties into the DUODENUM.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Glucuronates: Derivatives of GLUCURONIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the 6-carboxy glucose structure.Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.MontanaAedes: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) frequently found in tropical and subtropical regions. YELLOW FEVER and DENGUE are two of the diseases that can be transmitted by species of this genus.BooksArnica: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The dried flower heads of Arnica montana are used externally as a counterirritant and tincture for sprains and bruises, either as crude extract or in homeopathic dilution (HOMEOPATHY). Arnica contains volatile oils (OILS, VOLATILE), arnicin, arnisterol, FLAVONOIDS; TANNINS; and resin. The common name of Wolf's Bane is similar to the common name for ACONITUM.Book Selection

Oesophageal subepithelial fibrosis: an extension of oral submucosal fibrosis. (1/206)

Fifty-five patients with oral submucosal fibrosis and an equal number of patients with no evidence of the disease were studied. All patients underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and any abnormality was noted. Multiple oesophageal biopsies were obtained from the upper end of the oesophagus and from any endoscopically observed abnormality. The histological changes in the two groups were assessed blindly by an experienced histopathologist. Histological abnormalities were noted in the oesophageal mucosa in 2% of controls and 66% of patients with oral submucosal fibrosis (p < 0.0001). In the control group, acanthosis was seen in one patient, while in the patient group atrophy of the squamous epithelium was evident in 52%, hyperkeratosis in 52%, parakeratosis in 30%, dyskeratosis in 14%, acanthosis in 14%, and papillomatosis and mild dysplasia in 2% patients. Subepithelial collagenization was seen in 32 (64%) patients. The oesophageal abnormalities were seen more frequently in patients who had consumed Pan masala, Gutka, betel nut, tobacco or a combination of some or all of these, with or without betel leaf, for > or = 5 years compared to those consuming them for a shorter period of time (91% vs 46%, p < 0.001). It is concluded that oral submucosal fibrosis is not a disease confined to the oral cavity; the oesophagus may also be involved in about two-thirds of patients.  (+info)

Glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 null genotypes as risk factors for oral leukoplakia in ethnic Indian betel quid/tobacco chewers. (2/206)

Oral cancer is the most common cancer in males and third most common in females in India, the main causative agent being the use of chewing tobacco with or without betel quid (BQ). However, nothing is known about the role of the host metabolic genes in oral cancer in ethnic Indian population. In this study, the prevalence of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes (GSTM1*2 and GSTT1*2) in oral premalignant leukoplakia cases and controls was ascertained in genomic DNA by a multiplex PCR technique. Biopsies taken from 98 oral leukoplakia patients and exfoliated cells from 82 healthy controls both of Indian ethnicity were analysed. GSTM1*1 (active) was present in 83% and GSTT1*1 (active) was present in 78% of all control subjects, while prevalence of GSTM1*2 and GSTT1*2 null genotypes was significantly higher among oral leukoplakia cases. The prevalence of GSTM1*2 in leukoplakia cases was 81.6% compared with 17% in controls [odds ratio (OR), 22; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1047] and GSTT1*2 was 75.5% in the cases versus 22% in controls (OR, 11; 95% CI, 5-22). Combined null genotypes of GSTM1 and GSTT1 prevailed in 60.2% of the cases with none detected in controls. Glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 enzymes are both known to catalyse detoxification of reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation products and tobacco-derived carcinogens that have been found in the saliva of BQ/tobacco chewers. Our results, still requiring confirmation by a larger study, demonstrate that the null genotypes of both GSTM1 and GSTT1 increase with high penetrance, separately or in combination, the risk for developing leukoplakia in an Indian ethnic population.  (+info)

Antigenic relationship between four airborne palm pollen grains from Calcutta, India. (3/206)

The pollen grains of Areca catechu, Borassus flabellifer, Cocos nucifera and Phoenix sylvestris, all belonging to the family Aracaceae (Palmae), are airborne and found to be potent in causing human respiratory allergy. The present study was undertaken to discover the antigenic relationship, if any, in the four relevant palm pollen grains. The study was conducted by using Borassus and Phoenix antisera raised in rabbit. These antisera were used in rabbit IgG specific ELISA-inhibition and rocket immunoelectro-phoresis (RIE) assays for all four palm pollen extracts. In ELISA-inhibition, a distinct inhibition was obtained with comparable amount of soluble pollen protein. The RIE precipitin bands also revealed the presence of common antigenic components in the palm pollen. After isolation and purification, such common antigens may be useful in allergen immunotherapy in asthmatics.  (+info)

Safrole-like DNA adducts in oral tissue from oral cancer patients with a betel quid chewing history. (4/206)

Betel quid (BQ) chewing has been associated with an increased risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). Piper betel inflorescence, which contains 15 mg/g safrole, is a unique ingredient of BQ in Taiwan. Chewing such prepared BQ may contribute to safrole exposure in human beings (420 microM safrole in saliva). Safrole is a known rodent hepatocarcinogen, yet its carcinogenicity in human beings is largely undetermined. In this study, using a (32)P-post-labeling method, we have found a high frequency of safrole-like DNA adducts in BQ-associated OSCC (77%, 23/30) and non-cancerous matched tissue (NCMT) (97%, 29/30). This was in contrast to the absence (< 1/10(9) nucleotides) of such adducts in all of non-BQ-associated OSCC and their paired NCMT (P < 0.001). Six of seven OSF also exhibited the same safrole-like DNA adduct. The DNA adduct levels in OSF and NCMT were significantly higher than in OSCC (P < 0.05). Using co-chromatography and rechromatography techniques, we further demonstrated that these adducts were identical to synthetic safrole-dGMP adducts as well as DNA adducts from 1'-hydroxysafrole-treated HepG2 cells. These results suggest that safrole forms stable safrole-DNA adducts in human oral tissue following BQ chewing, which may contribute to oral carcinogenesis.  (+info)

Risk factors for leukoplakia and malignant transformation to oral carcinoma: a leukoplakia cohort in Taiwan. (5/206)

The effects of betel nut chewing, smoking and alcohol on the occurrence of leukoplakia and its malignant transformation to oral carcinoma were quantified in a leukoplakia cohort (n = 435) from one medical centre between 1988 and 1998 in Taiwan. Sixty oral carcinomas were ascertained in this cohort. A case-control study within the leukoplakia cohort was used to study, risk factors. Using the Weibull survival model, the incidence of malignant transformation of leukoplakia was shown to increase with follow-up years. After adjustment for other relevant risk factors, betel nut chewing (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 4.59; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.25-16.86) remained a significant risk factor for malignant transformation. Results from the case-control study showed that the adjusted odds ratios for betel nut chewing and smoking on the occurrence of leukoplakia were 17.43 (95% CI 1.94-156.27) and 3.22 (95% CI 1.06-9.78), respectively. Similar findings were observed when daily frequency and duration were taken into account. This implies that cessation of smoking may reduce by 36% leukoplakia cases, while elimination of betel nuts may prevent 62% of leukoplakia and 26% of malignant transformation to oral carcinoma in the underlying population.  (+info)

Areca nut extract up-regulates prostaglandin production, cyclooxygenase-2 mRNA and protein expression of human oral keratinocytes. (6/206)

There are about 600 million betel quid (BQ) chewers in the world. BQ chewing is associated with increased incidence of oral cancer and submucous fibrosis. In this study, areca nut (AN) extract (200-800 microg/ml) induced the prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) production by 1. 4-3.4-fold and 6-keto-PGF(1 alpha) production by 1.1-1.7-fold of gingival keratinocytes (GK), respectively, following 24 h of exposure. Exposure of GK to AN extract (>400 microg/ml) led to cell retraction and intracellular vacuoles formation. At concentrations of 800 and 1200 microg/ml, AN extract induced cell death at 21-24 and 32-52% as detected by MTT assay and cellular lactate dehydrogenase release, respectively. Interestingly, AN-induced morphological changes of GK are reversible. GK can still proliferate following exposure to AN extract. Cytotoxicity of AN extract cannot be inhibited by indomethacin (1 microM) and aspirin (50 microM), indicating that prostaglandin (PG) production is not the major factor responsible for AN cytotoxicity. PGE(2) exhibited little effect on the growth of GK at concentrations ranging from 100-1000 pg/ml. Stimulating GK production of PGs by AN extract could be due to induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA expression and protein production. These results suggest that AN ingredients are critical in the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis and oral cancer via their stimulatory effects on the PGs, COX-2 production and associated tissue inflammatory responses. AN cytotoxicity to GK is not directly mediated by COX-2 stimulation and PG production.  (+info)

Induction of MDM2-P2 transcripts correlates with stabilized wild-type p53 in betel- and tobacco-related human oral cancer. (7/206)

MDM2, a critical element of cellular homeostasis mechanisms, is involved in complex interactions with important cell-cycle and stress-response regulators including p53. The mdm2-P2 promoter is a transcriptional target of p53. The aim of this study was to determine the association between mdm2-P2 transcripts and the status of the p53 gene in betel- and tobacco-related oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) to understand the mechanism of deregulation of MDM2 and p53 expression and their prognostic implications in oral tumorigenesis. Elevated levels of MDM2 proteins were observed in 11 of 25 (44%) oral hyperplastic lesions, nine of 15 (60%) dysplastic lesions, and 71 of 100 (71%) SCCs. The intriguing feature of the study was the identification and different subcellular localization of three isoforms of MDM2 (ie, 90 kd, 76 kd, and 57 kd) in oral SCCs and their correlation with p53 overexpression in each tumor. The hallmark of the study was the detection of mdm2-P2 transcripts in 12 of 20 oral SCCs overexpressing both MDM2 and p53 proteins while harboring wild-type p53 alleles. Furthermore, mdm2 amplification was an infrequent event in betel- and tobacco-associated oral tumorigenesis. The differential compartmentalization of the three isoforms of MDM2 suggests that each has a distinct function, potentially in the regulation of p53 and other gene products implicated in oral tumorigenesis. In conclusion, we report herein the first evidence suggesting that enhanced translation of mdm2-P2 transcripts (S-mdm2) may represent an important mechanism of overexpression and consequent stabilization and functional inactivation of wild-type p53 serving as an adverse prognosticator in betel- and tobacco-related oral cancer. The clinical significance of the functional inactivation of wild-type p53 by MDM2 is underscored by the significantly shorter median disease-free survival time (16 months) observed in p53/MDM2-positive cases as compared to those which did not show co-expression of these proteins (median time, 26 months; P = 0.02).  (+info)

Effects of chewing betel nut (Areca catechu) on the symptoms of people with schizophrenia in Palau, Micronesia. (8/206)

BACKGROUND: Although millions of people with schizophrenia live in betel chewing regions, the effects of betel chewing on their symptoms are unknown. Betel nut alkaloids include potent muscarinic cholinomimetics: recent research suggests that these agents may be therapeutic in schizophrenia. AIMS: To compare the primary and extrapyramidal symptom profiles and substance-using habits of betel chewing v. non-chewing people with schizophrenia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 70 people with schizophrenia. Symptom ratings measured by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Extrapyramidal Symptom Rating Scale (ESRS), and demographic and substance-use data, were compared for 40 chewers and 30 non-chewers of betel nut. RESULTS: Betel chewers with schizophrenia scored significantly lower on the positive (P = 0.001) and negative (P = 0.002) sub-scales of the PANSS than did non-chewers. There were no significant differences in extrapyramidal symptoms or tardive dyskinesia. CONCLUSIONS: Betel chewing is associated with milder symptomatology and avoidance of more harmful recreational drugs. These initial results indicate that longitudinal research is merited.  (+info)

Areca catechu L. (areca nut) is a family of Arecaceae that can reach 15-20 m height with upright stem in 15 cm diameter. The fruit germinate after 1,5 months and 4 months again has the crested little leaves that not yet open. The new stem forming happen after 2 years and fruiting on 5-8 years old depend in the ground situation. This plant flowering at the beginning and end of the rain season and has lifetime around 25-30 years. The seeds of fruit are brownish until reddish brown, lithe curvy with the younger color. In the seed sliced field appear that perisperm is dark brown with irregular crease pierce the whitish endosperm (Depkes RI, 1989). 4. Chemical Ingredients. Areca nut seed contain alkaloid, like arekoline (C8 H13 NO2), arekolidine, arekain, guvakolin, guvasine and isoguvasine, tannin condensed, hydrolyzed tannin, flavan, phenolic compound, gallic acid, latex, lignin, evaporates oil and non evaporates oil, also salt (Wang et al., 1996). Nonaka (1989) states that areca nut seed contain ...
Background: Areca nut included Palmae plants that are almost in all parts of Indonesia. Areca husks have not been scientifically tested as a drug, not like a leaf and areca seeds. Pectin and flavonoids contained in the areca husks can be used as antidiarrheal medication. Objective: The objective of this research was to know the characteristics and chemical compounds of simplex powder and ethanol extract of areca husk, and antidiarrheal activity of ethanol extract of areca husk compared with loperamide HCl. Methods: The ethanol extract of areca husk was extracted by maceration with 80% ethanol. Filtrate was concentrated by rotary evaporator and dried by freeze dryer. Simplex powder and extracts were characterized and phytochemical screened, then antidiarrheal activity of extracts was tested using rats that had been induced with oleum ricini. Rats were divided into six group, each consisting of five rats, each rat was given doses of 25, 50, 75 and 100 mg/kg bw compared with loperamide HCl dose of ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Impairment of thymocyte function via induction of apoptosis by areca nut extract. AU - Lee, Chin Cheng. AU - Lin, Ying Chi. AU - Liu, Hsingjin Eugene. AU - Jan, Tong Rong. AU - Wang, Chia Chi. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Areca quid (AQ) chewing is a popular oral habit, especially in Southeast Asia cultures, in which children may be engaged in the addictive habit early in their lives. Extracts of areca nuts, the main component of AQ, have been shown to affect the functionality of T-cells. However, the potential influence of ANE on the development of T-cells is unknown. This study, therefore, investigated the impact of areca nut extracts (ANE) on thymocytes and the potential mechanisms of action. Mice administered intraperitoneally with ANE at 1, 5, or 25mg/kg daily for 5 days showed significant dose-dependent reductions in thymocyte viability. A marked decrease in the total number of thymocytes and the proportion of thymic CD4+CD8+ cells was observed in the 25mg ANE/kg-treated ...
Word Scramble - English word ARECAS: words that start with arecas, words that end with arecas, anagrams of arecas, how to spell arecas!, Words with Friends, Scrabble
The areca nut (/ˈærᵻkə/ or /əˈriːkə/) is the seed of the areca palm (Areca catechu), which grows in much of the tropical Pacific (Melanesia and Micronesia), Southeast and South Asia, and parts of east Africa. This seed is commonly referred to as betel nut so it is easily confused with betel leaves that are often used to wrap it (paan). The term areca originated from a South Asian word during the 16th century, when Dutch and Portuguese sailors took the nut to Europe. Consumption has many harmful effects on health and is carcinogenic to humans. Various compounds present in the nut, most importantly arecoline (the primary psychoactive ingredient which is similar to nicotine), contribute to histologic changes in the oral mucosa. As with chewing tobacco, its use is discouraged by preventive efforts.. The areca nut is not a true nut, but rather a fruit categorized as a berry. It is commercially available in dried, cured and fresh forms. When the husk of the fresh fruit is green, the nut ...
Sun: Cancer of the lip can be caused by exposure to the sun. Using a lotion or lip balm that has a sunscreen can reduce the risk. Wearing a hat with a brim can also block the suns harmful A personal history of Head and Neck Cancer: People who had head and neck cancer are at increased risk of developing another primary oral cancer.. Beetlenut and Pan Masala: Pan Masala is a slow poison that will cause painful death to people who are using it continuously. Chewing of betel quid with or without tobacco or areca nut with or without tobacco are the predominant causes of oral cancer. In most areas, betel quid consists of a mixture of areca nut, In most areas, betel quid consists of a mixture of areca nut, slaked lime and several other ingredients according to taste, wrapped in a betel leaf. These products have been strongly implicated in the recent increase in the incidence of oral sub mucous fibrosis. This precancerous lesion, which has a high rate of malignant transformation, is extremely ...
For definition of Groups, see Preamble Evaluation. Supplement 7: (1987) (p. 128) A. Evidence for carcinogenicity to humans (sufficient for betel quid with tobacco; inadequate for betel quid without tobacco). Many descriptive studies and case reports have shown an association between the habit of chewing betel quid with tobacco and oral cancer. A significant increase in the risk of oral cancer has been observed in chewers of betel quid with tobacco in several case-control studies and in one large-scale cohort study. In chewers of betel quid with tobacco, a statistically significant increase in risk was also observed for cancers of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx and oesophagus [ref: 1]. Several descriptive studies from Papua-New Guinea and a number of case-control studies have suggested an association between the habit of chewing betel quid without tobacco and oral cancer. In one of the case-control studies, in which smoking was not controlled for, a statistically significant increase in risk ...
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Background: There are 200-600 million betel quid (BQ) chewers in the world. BQ increases oral cancer risk. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is responsible for matrix degradation, cancer invasion and metastasis. Whether areca nut extract (ANE), a BQ component, stimulates MMP-9 secretion, and the related signaling pathways awaits investigation.Results: ANE (but not arecoline) stimulated MMP-9 production of gingival keratinocytes and SAS cancer epithelial cells. ANE stimulated TGF-β1, p-Smad2, and p-TAK1 protein expression. ANE-induced MMP-9 production/expression in SAS cells can be attenuated by SB431542 (ALK5/Smad2 inhibitor), 5Z-7-Oxozeaenol (TAK1 inhibitor), catalase, PD153035 (EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor), AG490 (JAK inhibitor), U0126 (MEK/ERK inhibitor), LY294002 (PI3K/Akt inhibitor), betel leaf (PBL) extract, and hydroxychavicol (HC, a PBL component), and melatonin, but not by aspirin.Conclusions: AN components contribute to oral carcinogenesis by stimulating MMP-9 secretion, thus
Edibility. · Cabbage (ubod) is edible, raw as salad or cooked.. Folkloric traditional medicine benefits and uses of areca nut. · In the Philippines, the buyo is regarded as tonic and general stimulant, but harmful with excessive use which can cause loss of appetite, salivation, and general degeneration of the organism.. · Fruit in decoction considered abortifacient, the nut as an emmenagogue.. · Tender seeds used as purgative; grated ripened ones as vermifuge. Externally used as astringent.. · Sprains, bruises, contusions - Crush leaves, mix with a little coconut oil, warm and apply on affected area.. · Tooth whitener: Carbonize and powder a kernel and rub on teeth.. · Tapeworm infestation: 1 glassful of 5% decoction as enema to be retained for one hour. Also, decoction of kernels boiled 20-30 minutes; for less than 12 years of age, 6 kernels (30 g); over 12 years old, 10-12 kernels (50-60 g); for adults, 16-18 kernels (80-90 g). The bunga may be mixed with kalabasa, boil for 1 hour, ...
The perfect blend of spices for the perfect Biryani! Biryani Masala is an essential item in a typical Indian kitchen. Follow Homemade Biryani Masala Powder recipe with step by step photos + biryani masala video. To get this masala right take care not to over-roast the ingredients.
Welcome Home to 2398 Areca Palm Rd. Rarely available Large Corner 15,785 Sq Ft. lot on Areca Palm. Come make this your own beautiful Oasis- Or Build your perfect Dream Home. Enter into this Tropical oasis back yard which has an over sized patio and 38 Pool in the Luxurious and Exclusive Royal Palm Yacht & Country Club. Spacious foyer entry, formal living room with fireplace, formal dining room, wood flooring throughout, private master suite with large walk-in closet and master bath with custom cabinetry and granite counter tops. Gourmet kitchen with custom wood cabinetry, granite counter tops & stainless steel appliances. Office.1 1/2 car garage with side entry driveway and front circular driveway.Minutes from the beach, downtown and The Boca Raton Resort & Club, & Roaming 24 security.
VIJAY INDUSTRIES is manufacturer and supplier of Areca Food Container, based in Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore. we offer best quality Areca Food Container at affordable price.
If youre searching for the perfect indoor plant, you cant go wrong with an areca palm (Dypsis lutescens), which also goes by the names butterfly palm, yellow palm, or golden cane palm. Areca palms a Green Fingers, GFinger APP, GFinger Succulents Plant Diary, GFinger flower identification, Free Flower APP, GFinger gardening answer, GFinger Garden plants The Best Gardening APP.
Areca also have the 1320 range of non-RAID controllers which would seem particularly suited to ZFS use and have a Solaris x86 driver...do these controllers work with Illumos at the moment(not in HCL explicitly)? Can the Areca Sol driver be used to replace the arcmsr driver? Anyone any experiences? ...
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Betel nut-actually a seed-is a stimulant produced by the Areca catechu tree. It is traditionally chewed in combination with betel leaf and...
So bad its good? Crazy/genius? Cartoonish/clever? Fantastical/relevant? A generous feast of R(ecommended) M(asala) A(llowance) ingredients or wallowing, shameful gluttony like Mr. Creosote in The Meaning of Life? I have no idea! It seems so wrong to label Manmohan Desai, the Master of Masala himself, as finally off his rocker and backwass/masala madness extravaganza/decline and fall masala, a.k.a. teetering towards embarrassingly debauched and past its prime, but what else can a person do with all the tiger namaste-ing, rubber mask peeling, plane lassoing, still-alive burning, baby scarring, hut rocking, life bleeding, Maa muting, salt rubbing, cake hiding, torture flamenco dancing, and statue animating? I dont expect my brain to process this any time soon, so youre better off sticking with PPCC, Philips Fil-ums, Memsaab, The Horror!?, or Bolly Bob, to name a few ...
This widely loved North Indian curry is a rich blend of tomato, yogurt, and warming garam masala spices like cumin, cinnamon, and clove. Simmer with chicken for an authentic Chicken Tikka Masala. Or let its bright citrus notes complement shrimp, paneer, or vegetables. Simmer with chicken, meat, seafood, tofu or vegetables for a quick delicious curry. Spoon over Rice or Noodles, use as a marinade, or mix into Soups. Maya Kaimal is an authority on Indian food and an author of two cookbooks: "Curried Favors" and "Savoring the Spice Coast of India". ...
... Buy Hyderabadi Biryani Masala online from Spices of India - The UKs leading Indian Grocer. Free delivery on Hyderabadi Biryani Masala - MDH (conditions apply).
Chicken Masala, Zafrani Mattar Pulao And Dahi Raita - Chicken A simple yet very filling and popular meal of chicken masala and zafrani matar pulao, which is a pilaff cooked with peas and saffron to give it a tasty aromatic rice dish. Chicken masala is also a spicy dish that uses your wonderful exotic spices to give a rich sauce that goes perfectly with rice.
It is a demanding and thought involving process to acquire and design a landscape for corporate offices and malls. It taxes great amount of energy to design and sustain the landscapes and interior with natural plants and trees. This is where the role of artificial plants and landscaping products to mitigate the maintenance costs associated with landscaping becomes important. These live products are fitting options to beautify your office interiors and exterior landscapes. Artificial Areca Palms could enrich your interior with their top notch features and can give a Beautiful makeover to your offices.
Compare NetStor 8-Bay SAS JBOD NA341A-S AND Areca SAS Enclosure ARC-4038-8ML ☎Call for pricing +44 20 8288 8555 [email protected] ✓Free Advice
Read siesta42 review of Areca with Decorative Planter Polyester Plant. Get everyday discount prices plus everyday free shipping over $50*. Save from Overstock.com!
A proud, stately addition to your décor - thats exactly what this Areca tree w/ decorative planter will become. Standing tall at six and a half feet...
Epowermac Australia offers Areca Thunderbolt RAID storage for MAC and PC users. With protection against drive failure as well as high performance hardware, it offers the best value for money.
65311 - Areca ARC-1226-8I. Unterstützte Speicherlaufwerk-Schnittstellen: SAS, SATA, Hostschnittstelle: PCI Express. RAID Level: 0, 1, 1E, 3, 5, 6, 10,
Some research suggests that betel nut utilize may relieve a few of the symptoms of schizophrenia, although not enough evidence, as of 2011, is available to make this more than a possibility. Other areas of medicine where the substance might offer small benefits consist of recovery from stroke and also the intestinal situation ulcerative colitis, however, not enough proof exists to demonstrate this. The nut is considered to have somewhat beneficial effects on the protection against tooth cavities.Although betel nut might have obvious desired biological effects on your body, the serious chances of the nut should also be taken into consideration. Chewing betel nut may cause cancers of the mouth, pharynx and esophagus. Just before cancer develops, the person utilizing betel nut can have problems with serious mouth problems to the extent where the mouth cannot open. Additionally, pregnant women who use betel nut can slow the development of their baby therefore it might be born underweight. ...
It is true that many Papua New Guineans rely on the sale of betel nut for their livelihoods. A native cash crop, betel nut is referred to as "green gold", and it is completely untaxed. Markets often have an area dedicated solely to betel nut vendors. Prices for one betel nut and mustard stick vary between 6 cents to $1.30 (5p to £1), dependent upon the location, season and recent growing conditions. For Nuari, betel nut sales are her main source of income. She tends to the plants herself, and when they bear fruit she comes to the market to make some cash. If there are good sales, she will make £25 in a day. "With the money I make I can sustain myself and can buy things like soap and salt, the small things I need in life.". ...
It is true that many Papua New Guineans rely on the sale of betel nut for their livelihoods. A native cash crop, betel nut is referred to as "green gold", and it is completely untaxed. Markets often have an area dedicated solely to betel nut vendors. Prices for one betel nut and mustard stick vary between 6 cents to $1.30 (5p to £1), dependent upon the location, season and recent growing conditions. For Nuari, betel nut sales are her main source of income. She tends to the plants herself, and when they bear fruit she comes to the market to make some cash. If there are good sales, she will make £25 in a day. "With the money I make I can sustain myself and can buy things like soap and salt, the small things I need in life.". ...
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Garlic Spiced Lentils - Masala Dal based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Lentils, Pataks Tikka Masala sauce, Olive Oil, Curry paste - Pataks, Onions, raw and the other ingredients in this recipe.
seed of betel palm; chewed with leaves of the betel pepper and lime as a digestive stimulant and narcotic in southeastern Asia. ...
... FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual ARCMSR(4) NAME arcmsr -- Areca RAID Controller driver SYNOPSIS To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following lines in your kernel configuration file: device pci device scbus device da device arcmsr Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following line in loader.conf(5): arcmsr_load="YES" DESCRIPTION The arcmsr driver provides support for the Areca ARC-11xx, ARC-12xx, ARC-13xx, ARC-16xx and ARC-18xx series of SAS and SATA RAID controllers. These controllers feature RAID-0, 1, 3, 5, 6, and 10 and JBOD accelera- tion for up to 16 SATA drives. RAID level and stripe level migration, online capacity expansion, hot insertion/removal, automatic failover and rebuild, and SMART are also supported. Access to the arrays is provided via the SCSI CAM /dev/da? device nodes. A management interface is also present via the /dev/arcmsr? device node. Management tools for i386 and amd64 are available from Areca. HARDWARE The ...
A local trader was fined 1 lakh for storing banned tobacco-based products, an official said on Thursday. Shimla municipal corporation health official Omesh Bharti fined the trader after five bags of gutka (tobacco-laced areca nut pieces) and 5,300 pouches of pan masala were seized from him.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
In the current study, we showed a link between tobacco use and increased levels of urinary PGE-M. Elevated urinary PGE-M levels were found in healthy male tobacco quid chewers. By contrast, a nonstatistically significant increase in urinary PGE-M was observed in healthy female tobacco quid chewers. One likely explanation for the observed increase in urinary PGE-M in men is tobacco quid-related periodontitis or other inflammatory conditions in the oral cavity (42). COX-2 is overexpressed in periodontitis (17). Notably, some studies have suggested a link between periodontitis and increased risk of OSCC (18). Possibly, the observed elevation in urinary PGE-M reflects an increased risk of OSCC in tobacco quid chewers. Why the effect of tobacco quid on urinary PGE-M levels was less dramatic in women is uncertain. Based on history alone, we cannot exclude the possibility that tobacco quid exposure in women was less than in men. In this context, we also note that estrogen possesses anti-inflammatory ...
Chewing a paan after meal is an ancient food tradition in India. But, this heart-shaped leaf is much more than just a mouth freshener. It is also known to ease indigestion, constipation and gastric pain. Read on.
The following Situation Update was received by KHRG in August 2016. It was written by a community member in Nyaunglebin District who has been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. It is presented below translated exactly as originally written, save for minor edits for clarity and security.[1] This report was received along with other information from Nyaunglebin District, including 13 photographs.[2]. Livelihoods. In terms of livelihoods, civilians [in Mone/Moo Township] mainly work on hill farms, betel nut[3] plantations, betel nut leaf plantations, durian plantations and dog fruit plantations. In the villages, [villagers] also buy, sell and carry food between villages, such as rice, salt, fish paste, snacks and many oter types of food. Betel nut plantations, durian plantations, dog fruit plantations and betel nut leaf plantations are far from the villages so villagers have to go to their plantations on foot for between one and a half hours and two hours. Villagers carry ...
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Chicken Tikka Masala based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including Chicken Breast Tenders; Just Bare Chicken, Heavy Whipping Cream, Canola Oil, Hunts Crushed Tomato, Canola Oil and the other ingredients in this recipe.
Tender white chicken in a creamy tomato curry. Irresistible Indian cuisine. Chicken Tikka Masala is a fresh addition to Indian cuisine, so popular that it has sparked controversy over who invented it. Velvety smooth, it has quickly become one of the worlds most popular Indian dishes, with local versions available throughout India. Served with Sukhis Lemon Rice, this entree makes a royal treat. There are two types of people: people who love Indian cuisine and the people who just havent tried it yet. Come into my kitchen and fall in love. - Sukhi Singh. Chicken used is raised with: no antibiotics ever; no added hormones (Federal regulations prohibit the use of hormones in poultry); no preservatives added; gluten free. Chicken used has no added antibiotics or hormones (Federal regulations prohibit the use of hormones in poultry). No preservatives added. Gluten free. Certified Halal (certified by the Islamic Services of America). Inspected for wholesomeness by US Department of Agriculture. ...
Buy Organica Masala Green Tea, 100g Online at ClickOnCare.com. Genuine Products at best prices. Home Delivery with Cash on delivery facility avaialble all across India.
Although our products are available at select locations in Toronto, our core business is delivering boxes of freshly-baked bars directly to our clients. In fact, for about the same price as youd pay for a box of factory-made protein bars from a health food shop, were able to send a box of Muscle Masala bars directly to your office or home, shipped within 24 hours from the time theyre baked. The price of a box of twelve individually-packaged bars is only $44, which includes free shipping to any address in Canada. And for orders within Toronto-proper, well even deliver your bars by rush bicycle courier for no additional charge. ...
This classic masala is often the first dish many try when exploring Indian food. We love Grace Parisis version because its easy to prepare and its slightly spicy tomato cream sauce is addictive. The chicken needs to marinate overnight, so plan accordingly.
Keemay Ka Samosa/ Minced Samosa - Appetizer, Side Dish It is spicy and all time favourite snack for everyone,in Asian counries found on every roadside trailers and also served in weddings,it is a must-eat delicacy &very simple to make.
Mirch Masala: Average food, good service - See 55 traveler reviews, 5 candid photos, and great deals for Port de Pollenca, Spain, at TripAdvisor.
The secret to our Chicken Tikka Masala is a salty yogurt-based mariade followed by intense charring on a hot grill. We purposely undercook our chicken so it can simmer in a creamy spiced tomato and cream sauce before serving.
We put out Roku Music as our first label release, so you know that Sonic Masala is all about good quality shoegaze. Of course in this day and age there are so many variations that its hard to discern the good, the bad and the ugly - you get enough of the last one and you are likely to turn off from all the noise (bless me Kevin for my blasphemous tongue...) Phillys Nothing certainly use some of the tropes emblematic of shoegaze, but there is definitely a lot more going on here - this band has their roots as entrenched in early hardcore as they do in 80s English midlands. This is apparent on their excellent record Guilty of Everything. The vocals remain submerged in the miasmic swirling noise on display, but its the dynamic at play here that makes this a different beast altogether. It comes down to the calm and quiet that nestles amongst the bluster - a sonorous quality permeates tracks like Hymn To The Pillory, Endlessly and Dig allowing the noise to seep smoothly into the pores of your ...
The secret to our Chicken Tikka Masala is a salty yogurt-based marinade followed by intense charring on a hot grill. We purposely undercook our chicken so it can simmer in a creamy spiced tomato and cream sauce before serving.\n\nWhen done right, the sauce should be a multifaceted affair; a balanced blend of intense spice flavors with a gingery kick rounded off by the richness of cream and butter, with a splash of freshness and acid from tomatoes and citrus. As you bite into a chunk of chicken, the smokey char should work its way though to the forefront, to be slowly replaced by a new layer of spicing, this time intensified by its time on the grill. The chicken chunks should be juicy, moist, and tender.
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Egg Butter Masala is a great accompaniment to Chapathis (unleavened flat bread) and is made of egg whites in a creamy buttery sauce that is delicately spiced.
Areca Nut or Betel Nut Control is Mandatory if India Wants to Reduce the Burden of Cancer Especially Cancer of the Oral Cavity ...
Oil Seeds Crushing Machines Introduction We are doing a leading role of Oil Seeds Crushing Machine In Bangalore,Chennai and All Over India.We are proud to inform you that we are leading manufacturers and suppliers of Oil Seeds Crushing Machines over decades in Coimbatore, We believe in Quality Oriented Product & with state of the art […]. ...
Plastic has permeated into ​just about every aspect of our lives which has also lead to plastic pollution.Research suggests that around eight million metric tons of plastic waste enter the oceans each year, and its estimated that by 2050.. ...
Except that swraid does usually not support hotswap replacing of a failed drive without interrupting the servers current workload and without an admin logging in and doing some risky mdadm / scsidriver surgery. Michael Sent from my GoodLink synchronized handheld (www.good.com) -----Original Message----- From: Mark Hahn [mailto:hahn at mcmaster.ca] Sent: Wednesday, November 21, 2007 05:27 PM Pacific Standard Time To: Ekechi Nwokah Cc: beowulf at beowulf.org Subject: Re: [Beowulf] Software RAID? , Does anyone know of any software RAID solutions that come close to the , performance of a commodity RAID card such as LSI/3ware/Areca for , direct-attached drives? yes, MD, the standard Linux software raid, is generally faster than HW raid. yes, this can be argued, though not in any kind of slam-dunk. as far as I know, the very fastest HW raid (3ware and areca - I wouldnt guess LSI) top out at 6-800 MB/s. obviously, MD will consume some cycles supporting that kind of bandwidth, but it can be done. for ...
ARC5020_Firmware/ 15-Feb-2011 01:00 - ARC5033_Firmware/ 14-Dec-2010 01:00 - ARC5040_Firmware/ 15-Feb-2011 01:00 - ARC8040_Firmware/ 17-Jul-2013 07:45 - Apps/ 03-May-2005 01:00 - Manual_Spec/ 13-Mar-2013 01:00 - OldProducts/ 13-Mar-2013 01:00 - Thunderbolt/ 13-Mar-2013 01:00 - Firmware_Release.txt 14-Dec-2010 01:00 40918 Notice.txt 07-Aug-2008 01:00 1093 ...
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Victor Hugo, Shake, Henri Fauconnier, Lat, Edwige Feuillère, Pierre Christin, Jeanne Cuisinier, Abdul Samad Said, Pierre Boulle, Jacques de Morgan, Jean Rotz, Sjovald Cunyngham-Brown: Apakah persamaan yang mengaitkan kesemua personaliti ini? Sesetengah daripada mereka, telah membantu memperkukuh hubungan Perancis - Malaysia sejak berabad yang lalu.. Apabila kita menyebut hubungan antara dua negara, ia melibatkan pertukaran idea politik dan hubungan diplomatik. Sebenarnya kita lupa bahawa jaringan hubungan ini juga boleh terhasil daripada pengembaraan individu ke sesebuah negara, pergaulan dengan masyarakat tempatannya, dan penemuan hasil bumi negara itu yang tidak pernah diduga. Begitulah juga dengan hubungan Perancis-Malaysia yang merangkumi pelbagai bidang termasuklah bidang seni, perfileman, seni bina, sains dan perniagaan. Dari pantun ke Technip, beralih kepada Ayam Brand, perladangan kelapa sawit, sains fiksyen, penghasilan pelbagai produk seni kreatif dan hubungan perdagangan kedua negara ...
In Taiwan, ,2,000,000 people have a habit of chewing betel quids and an increasing number are adolescents (32) . This habit has resulted in an increase in the incidence of oral carcinoma (33) and OSF (34) . Although the etiology of OSF remains unclear, evidence has shown that it is a collagen disorder related to betel quid exposure (14, 15, 16, 17 , 22) . The obvious bimodal distribution in the betel quid exposure among OSF patients, as shown in Fig. 1⇓ , suggests individual differences in susceptibility to the development of OSF. It is essential to evaluate the OSF risk associated with polymorphisms of collagen-related genes in low- and high-exposure groups separately to examine whether the high-risk genotypes are consistent or not. Because several genes are involved in the metabolism and cross-linking of collagens, it is, therefore, important to evaluate the combined effects of multiple genes as well as the main effect of single genes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to ...
There were many prehistoric ways for cleaning the teeth before the dawn of a real toothbrush. Chewing sticks were popular. In Southeast Asia the use of betel leaves, areca nuts and slaked lime did have an antiseptic effect against caries, although resulting in blackened teeth from the phenols. The hilltribers usually say it is better…
Now pour the oil in a pan and heat it in a medium heat. Add onion paste, ginger paste, garlic paste, green chili and all powder ingredients to the oil, and stir it for around 5 minutes. When oil starts to separate from the masala put kochu in it and stir it to mix masala with the vegetable. Then add the fish pieces and stir them carefully so that fish pieces can not be broken. You can add little bit water so that masala can not burn out. Keep all this in medium heat for about 10 minutes. Stir it occasionally. Then add around 2 cups of warm water in it and bring it to a boil ...
The mouth and oropharynx are among the ten most common sites affected by cancer worldwide, but global incidence varies widely. Five-year survival rates exceed 50% in only the best treatment centers. Causes are predominantly lifestyle-related: Tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, poor diet, viral infections, and pollution are all important etiological factors. Oral cancer is a disease of the poor and dispossessed, and reducing social inequalities requires national policies co-ordinated with wider health and social initiatives - the common risk factor approach: control of the environment; safe water; adequate food; public and professional education about early signs and symptoms; early diagnosis and intervention; evidence-based treatments appropriate to available resources; and thoughtful rehabilitation and palliative care. Reductions in inequalities, both within and between countries, are more likely to accrue from the application of existing knowledge in a whole-of-society approach. Basic research aimed ...
BE-TEL PLANTS ORIG-I-NATED. FROM South-east Asia and has been cul-ti-vated for thou-sands of years. High in an-tiox-i-dants, their uses have in-cluded, but are not lim-ited to, medic-i-nal heal-ing, stim-u-lants and even breath fresh-en-ers. In In-dia, its even con-sider an aphro-disiac. The be-tel plant is part of the pep-per fam-ily and in-cludes two va-ri-eties, piper sar-men-to-sum and piper be-tle.. In Viet-namese cul-ture, the piper be-tle is also called trau and is used to "be-gin the con-ver-sa-tions," in other words, helps break the ice in awk-ward sit-u-a-tions among adults as these were passed around as chew-ing gum. Of course, this was in the days of our grand-par-ents gen-er-a-tion and not so much any more to-day due to the un-flat-ter-ing stain-ing of teeth black when chew-ing these leaves with the areca nut.. Be-tel leaves also have sym-bolic mean-ing in tra-di-tional Viet-namese wed-dings where the groom would of-fer be-tel leaves, among other gifts, to the brides fam-ily. ...
Not only tobacco consumption and tobacco revenue collected by UP government is on the rise, but heart disease rates are also upping. Commercial tax revenue in UP from pan masala sale went up from Rs 50 crore in 2012-2013 to Rs 255 crore in 2013-2014, a whopping rise of 415%! Likewise heart disease rates shot up too. The Intervention cardiology data compilation done by Professor (Dr) Rishi Sethi, Department of Cardiology, King Georges Medical University (KGMU) revealed that over 4500 lifesaving angioplasty procedures and almost 2000 lifesaving pacemaker implantations were performed in 2011-2012 in the state of UP. The number of these procedures had increased by almost 30% over the last year ...
This is a fictional blog. Earth moved under Rohans feet when the words were out of doctors mouth and open in the air. "You are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV). You have been diagnosed with Stage 2 cancer." Everything went black for 10 seconds and then began the flashback, the one he had only seen before in movies was happening to him now. He could see all the instances his friends, his mother, his father, his sister explaining him, scolding him, screaming at him not to use Pan masala & to curb on his drinking. It was dreadful, he could not control himself and as expected he began puling all over the doctors cabin. Doctor who was a good family friend knew that this type of cancer could be treated in Stage 2 but there were some lessons Rohan needed to learn. He kept quiet and passed him the tissue box instead. It was next to impossible for Rohan to believe that he had cancer and as the reality started hitting him he slowly came to realize the things that were happening to him in the ...
One thing you can rely on about tobacco: Its bound to give you cancer if you put it in your body. Most of you may think that statement only applies … Read More ...
Most corporate offices are air-conditioned, so we do not really sweat and therefore, do not feel so thirsty. Whats more when you are used to drinking water below your requirement, your body adapts and when you do start drinking a little more water, your body treats it as excess -- in fact, initially, the body actually throws it out causing you to run to the toilet every few minutes. ...
We have written about Full Ugly in the past. Weve liked what weve heard. But there was always something a little hollow for me, like as if the Melbourne outfit were having us on. As if the band were taking the piss, just playing the jangly slacker pop that has become a blessing/curse in this country because they could and nothing more. Its not like I didnt think Full Ugly could be good - they have members from Milk Teddy and Totally Mild taking up space. But they have released their debut LP, Spent The Afternoon, and there is so much going on here that I just did NOT expect to hear. The secret ingredients? Nathan Burgess laconic, at times wistful vocals and lyrics (Hilly Street); the pastoral reverbed twang of the guitar - ESPECIALLY the guitar - taking us into an Antipodean Americana meets countrified Built To Spill (Mount Barker); the chugging faux-psych of Smug S - I love the bands propensity to veer away from whats by now expected of sounds of this type. They still do that well ...
Packed on a line that processes peanuts, treenuts and wheat. This product has been processed with the most modern equipment available but even with the utmost care a small stone, soil or other foreign material may escape detection. We recommend examining and rinsing before proceeding with your favorite recipe.. ...
It is very hip indeed. The service staff treat you with respect, that is, theyre pretty cool and they dont pretend to smile if they dont feel like it. Thats not to say theyre unfriendly, but theres none of that saccharine "Have a Nice Day" obsequiousness that permeates American service culture. No, here they listlessly take your order and look you in the eye, daring you to ask for a customization, which they pretend to acknowledge, but then, since its, yknow, a casual diner and all (did I mention $20 or more per burger), they promptly ignore. I felt rude to remind them because they did look so tired (and unfriendly) at the end of a day. Perhaps the ubercool (and very loud) music wore down their nerves as we had to shout our orders to the staff ...
I made a huge mess while preparing this meal. At one point I had all the burners going and two chopping boards dirty. Usually Im a one-pot girl; Ive been known to pass by a recipe when I realize how many dirty dishes its going to make. Maybe that
A work colleague just welcomed a new baby into the family. Id been wanting a reason to try this pattern, and I have so many random leftovers in the stash. So I dug through them and came up with this. The problem is that I dont have the ballband and so dont have any idea what yarn this is. Its some cotton or cotton blend - thats about all I know. But the pattern is SOOO easy and SOOO quick - each booty represents one evenings work. I think the booties are a little big, which is good because that means the kid might actually have a chance to wear them someday. Or theyll make a great accessory for a doll.. Next up - cabled footies: ...
A work colleague just welcomed a new baby into the family. Id been wanting a reason to try this pattern, and I have so many random leftovers in the stash. So I dug through them and came up with this. The problem is that I dont have the ballband and so dont have any idea what yarn this is. Its some cotton or cotton blend - thats about all I know. But the pattern is SOOO easy and SOOO quick - each booty represents one evenings work. I think the booties are a little big, which is good because that means the kid might actually have a chance to wear them someday. Or theyll make a great accessory for a doll.. Next up - cabled footies: ...
Areca ist eine eher ruhige aber gewissenhafte, arbeitsfreudige H ndin mit sehr guten ausbauf higen Anlagen im jagdlichen so wie im Dummy- Bereich. Sie ist sehr f hrerbezogen und leichtf hrig. Sie liebt Kinder und Familie ber alles und ist am liebsten immer dabei. Schlichtweg macht es immer Freude mit ihr gemeinsam etwas zu Unternehmen, egal ob Arbeit oder Spa . ...
Kajian menunjukkan jika senah terkurung dalam bilik yangg kedap udara dengan hanya diletakkan pokok snake plant dan areca palm, senah boleh hidup dengannya kerana bekalan oksigennya yang cukup (mengikut saiz bilik tertentu, dengan jumlah orang yg tertentu) Kajian Nasa menyatakan ia juga alternatif sebagai bekalan oksigen bila berada di angkasa). Bye ...
Manufacturer of Hot selling collagen drink packing machinery - packing machine & Powder Hot selling collagen drink packing machinery (All in one), Masala Powder Packing Machine, Oil Pouch Packing Machine and Paste Ketchup Sauce Pickle Packing Machine offered by Sampack India Private Limited, Kochi, Kerala.
Article. Burger dosa: Not so buntastic?. Jan 15, 2017Just as the Brits took the pepper, or milagu from the fiery Tamil milagu-tani into their watery soups and made it Mulligatawny, the Dosa Mcburger has taken the milagu from the traditional pepper powders and added it to a mayonnaise base and piped it onto a potato patty to create a taste of a masala dosa. The outer case is made of a soft French-style brioche. ...
Thanks for all the help. I just wanted to let you know that my collagen casings work well. The sausages I made were all beef, no pork content. As it was my first go I simply tried out beef, salt, pepper and some garam masala. My main intention was to see if it worked and it absolutely does ...
Scott J. Diede wrote: ,In article ,2obs4u$6o6 at masala.cc.uh.edu,, bchs1b at Elroy.UH.EDU (Michael ,Benedik) wrote: , ,, ,, Can someone tell me the nature of the his3del200 mutation. Is this a deletion ,, of his, how big etc. ,, ,, thanks ,, ,, ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ,, Michael Benedik INTERNET: Benedik at uh.edu ,, Dept. of Biochemical & Biophysical Sciences ,, University of Houston BITNET: Benedik at uhou ,, ----------------------------------------------------------------------- , ,The his3del200 allele consists of a 1 kb deletion that deletes the entire ,coding region within the genomic HIS3 containing EcoRI/SalI fragment cloned ,in the EcoRI and SalI sites of YRp14. , ,I got this information from Sikorski and Hieter, Genetics 122:19-27 (May ,1989) ,The original allele construction is described in Fasullo and Davis, MCB ,8:4370-4380,1988 or Struhl and Hill, MCB 7:104-110, 1987. , ,Hope this helps! , , , ...
Preheat oven to 450-500°F. Skewer the cauliflower with bamboo or metal skewers and grill in hot oven until slightly charred and cooked through. Baste with melted butter halfway through the process (after about 5 minutes). Garnish with chaat masala and serve hot ...
Bernard, Angela Maria and Cerboneschi, Anna and Crnjar, Roberto Massimo and Frongia, Angelo and Liscia, Anna Maria and Masala, Carla and Secci, F. and Piras, Pier Paolo and Solari, Paolo and Sollai, Giorgia (2004) Analoghi di sintesi del feromone sessuale come strumento per il controllo della popolazione di Lymantria dispar. In: SardiniaChem 2004: giornata di studio dedicata alla chimica organica delle molecole biologicamente attive ...
How worried about it am I? Enough not to ever take up paan, gutka, etc etc. Id rather go back to smoking! Seriously, I think Id rather die of something less visible than having half of my face rot
Generique Ivermectin Pas Cher Générique Stromectol Ou Commander Generique Stromectol 12 mg Le Moins Cher. Stromectol Générique est un médicament anti-parasite. Il cause la mort de certains organismes parasitaires dans le corps et il.... ...
Eureka!! My Areca Palm Tree ( Dypsis lutescens ) is seeding and they are almost done. I have been waiting for this Palm Tree to seed for a long time now. The Areca Palm Tree is one of my favorite types of Palm Tree. I always smile when I hear someone call it the Eureka Palm Tree. It is a very common mispronunciation. The name is Areca Palm Tree ( Ah-reek-ah). I noticed that the seeds of my Areca Palm are almost gold in color. That means they are pretty much ready to be picked. I will wait a little bit longer before I pick them though. I usually like to wait until they fall on the ground themselves. If you would like to see my other Areca Palm Tree post then click here. For now here are some pictures of Areca Palm Tree seeds ...
This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Oral Submucous Fibrosis" by people in this website by year, and whether "Oral Submucous Fibrosis" was a major or minor topic of these publications ...
Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of human papilloma viruses (HPV) in oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) and the etiologic implication of this finding warrants further studies. Objective: The prevalence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and OSMF is high in India, and the diseases are partly attributed to high consumption of betel quid containing areca nut and tobacco. This study investigated the prevalence of HPV, herpes simplex virus (HSV), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in two groups of patients using betel quid with tobacco, those with OSMF (n = 12) and those with OSCC (n = 62). Methods: DNA was extracted from all the samples and viral genome was examined by PCR/DNA sequencing. HPV-positive samples were analyzed separately for the high-risk types HPV 16 and 18. Results: HPV DNA, HSV DNA, and EBV DNA were detected in 11 (91%), 1 (8%), and 3 (25%) of the 12 samples from patients with OSMF compared with 15 (24%), 3 (5%), and 18 (29%), respectively, from 62 patients with OSCC. HPV 16 and ...
Beautifully made green 4 real touch areca silk palm tree with pot. Product code: NN5424. Wholesale prices on high quality areca palm trees.
Related to black pepper, the paan leaf along with betel nut (Areca catechu) is chewed in Southeast Asia. A slow grower in containers, but will grow rampantly in tropical regions and is often planted at the base of trees which it uses for support. The Paan or betel leaf is also used in religious rituals by Hindus. Plants are 3-4 tall.. Our plants are healthy at the time of shipping. If for some reason you feel that the plant is damaged during transit please send us a digital photo within 5 days of receipt for us to consider replacement. Due to strict customs regulations we cannot ship plants outside mainland USA. We do not endorse the chewing of Betel nuts. ...
Related to black pepper, the paan leaf along with betel nut (Areca catechu) is chewed in Southeast Asia. A slow grower in containers, but will grow rampantly in tropical regions and is often planted at the base of trees which it uses for support. The Paan or betel leaf is also used in religious rituals by Hindus. Plants are 3-4 tall.. Our plants are healthy at the time of shipping. If for some reason you feel that the plant is damaged during transit please send us a digital photo within 5 days of receipt for us to consider replacement. Due to strict customs regulations we cannot ship plants outside mainland USA. We do not endorse the chewing of Betel nuts. ...
In 1952, Schwartz coined the term atrophica idiopathica mucosa oris to describe an oral fibrosing disease he discovered in 5 Indian women from Kenya. Joshi subsequently coined the termed oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) for the condition in 1953.
NIH Rare Diseases : 50 the following summary is from orphanet, a european reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.orpha number: 357154disease definitionoral submucous fibrosis (osmf) is a chronic, progressive disease that alters the fibroelasticity of the oral submucosa, prevalent in india and southeast asia but rare elsewhere, and characterized by burning and pain in the oral cavity, loss of gustatory sensation, the presence of blanched fibrous bands and stiffening of the oral mucosa and oro-pharynx (leading to trismus and a progressive reduction in mouth opening) and an increased risk of developing oral squamous cellcancer (3-19%). it is usually associated with the chewing of the areca nut (an ingredient in betel quid) but the exact etiology is unknown and there is currently no effective treatment.visit the orphanet disease page for more resources. last updated: 7/16/2013 ...
Hop on to get the meaning of T/AN acronym / slang / Abbreviation. The Medical & Science Acronym / Slang T/AN means... AcronymsAndSlang. The T/AN acronym/abbreviation definition. The T/AN meaning is Tobacco Plus Areca Nut. The definition of T/AN by AcronymAndSlang.com
Located in UNESCO World Heritage Site of George Town, Areca Hotel Penang offers accommodations in Penang. Guests can enjoy meals at the in-house...
Buy areca palm / bamboo palm Dypsis lutescens - Attractive, graceful palm with many long narrow linear leaves: 32cm pot - 1.5m tall: £179.99 Delivery by Crocus
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Acacia catechu (Mimosa family) stem bark extracts have been used traditionally as a dietary supplement as well as a folk medicine given its reported anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anti-microbial and anti-tumor activities. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti-HIV-1 activity of the extracts from stem bark of A. catechu. The aqueous and 50% ethanolic extracts of A. catechu stem bark were prepared and 50% ethanolic extract was further fractioned by successively partitioning with petroleum ether, chloroform and n-butanol. All the extracts and fractions were evaluated for cytotoxicity and anti-HIV-1 activity using different in vitro assays. The active n-butanol fraction was evaluated for its inhibition against HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, integrase, protease, pro-viral genome integration and viral Tat protein mediated transactivation. The effect of n-butanol fraction on the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion in Vk2/E6E7 cells and
Click on an image to see a larger version.). The leaf used in wrapping miang kam is instead the "wild pepper leaf" - bai cha plu in Thai and Lao. Like the betel leaf, it is a member of the pepper genus (botanically, "Piper") and. therefore, the two are related but far from being the same, just as lemons and oranges are different fruits though both are citrus. The botanical name of betel leaf is "Piper betel," often spelled "Piper betle," which gives it its common name, whereas the edible leaf with culinary uses is "Piper sarmentosum". It would be more accurate to call the latter "wild pepper leaf" rather than "wild betel leaf" as it is sometimes called (again wrongly just as is the case with areca nut) since it has little to do with "betel" other than being in the same large "Piper" family with many other prominent relatives. Doing so only confuses aspiring cooks interested in learning to prepare Thai, Lao and Cambodian cuisines who end up buying the wrong leaf to use.. Plu or "betel" is a woody ...
The purpose of the present study was to describe the survival of patients diagnosed with oral cavity cancer in Germany. The analyses relied on data from eleven population-based cancer registries in Germany covering a population of 33 million inhabitants. Patients with a diagnosis of oral cavity cancer (ICD-10: C00-06) between 1997 and 2006 are included. Period analysis for 2002-2006 was applied to estimate five-year age-standardized relative survival, taking into account patients sex as well as grade and tumor stage. Overall five-year relative survival for oral cavity cancer patients was 54.6%. According to tumor localization, five-year survival was 86.5% for lip cancer, 48.1% for tongue cancer and 51.7% for other regions of the oral cavity. Differences in survival were identified with respect to age, sex, tumor grade and stage. The present study is the first to provide a comprehensive overview on survival of oral cavity cancer patients in Germany.
Objective. Oral exfoliative cytology (OEC) has been implemented in the diagnosis of pathologic lesions for ages. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the cytomorphological features of some of the commonest potentially malignant disorders (leukoplakia, lichen planus, and oral submucous fibrosis) through a simple procedure and illustrate its importance in mass screening. Materials and Method. A total of 160 subjects with 25-50 years of age were included in the study. Among them, 40 were clinically diagnosed with oral leukoplakia, 40 were diagnosed with oral lichen planus, 40 were diagnosed with oral submucous fibrosis, and 40 were in the control group ...
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3045 Purpose: Oral cancer therapy with surgery and radiation is associated with comorbidities; this affects rehabilitation with osseointegrated dental implants. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of radiation therapy on osseointegrated dental implant survival in oral cancer patients. Materials and Methods: A review of the literature published between 1990 and June 2012 was conducted. Pertinent studies evaluating the effect of radiation therapy on osseointegration of implants were identified through searches of PubMed, SCIRUS, and Google Scholar. Overall implant survival rates were compared with respect to timing of radiation (prior to or after implantation), site of implant placement (maxilla, mandible, vascularized free flaps, nonvascular bone grafts), radiation dose, time interval between radiation therapy and implant placement, and the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Results: Thirty-eight articles were eligible for inclusion in the review. ...
In this prospective study of 41,458 men with detailed control for tobacco use, alcohol consumption was consistently associated with a greater risk of OPLs, regardless of the frequency of drinking, proportion consumed with meals, timing of the alcohol assessment, type of beverage, or tobacco use history. The association was most apparent in never-users of tobacco, indicating that alcohol is an independent risk factor for OPL.. Our results are compatible with previous case-control studies of OPL, which have found similar increases in risk with alcohol consumption among nonsmokers (6, 9). A study of 927 cases and 47,773 matched controls in India found that ever-drinking was associated with 1.5 times the risk of leukoplakia (95% CI, 1.3-1.9), and when the analysis was restricted to nonsmokers or nonchewers, the estimated odds ratios were greater (e.g., nonsmokers odds ratios, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.3-3.4; ref. 6). Risks of oral submucous fibrosis (170 cases) and erythroplakia (100 cases) were also similarly ...
Context: Early detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) transforming into malignancy can drastically improve the treatment outcomes and prognosis. Carcinoma development is an intricate complex mechanism and the multifactorial causation makes it more difficult to find specific prognostic and therapeutic biomarkers. Thus, the development of newer diagnostic and predictive approaches that are less invasive, economical and amenable to repeated sampling is imperative. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) serves a useful marker for prognosis and monitoring of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) including OSMF as well as OSCC. Secreted by hepatocyte as an acute inflammatory marker, various studies have shown association between serum CRP and presence of OPMDs, as well as with presence and prognosis of OSCC. Aims: The aim of this study was to measure and compare serum CRP levels in patients with OSMF and OSCC as compared to healthy individuals and to ...
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The word Arecaceae is derived from the word areca with the suffix "-aceae."[6] Areca is derived from Portuguese, via Malayalam ... The type member of Arecaceae is the areca palm, the fruit of which, the areca nut, is chewed with the betel leaf for ... "Areca", Wikipedia, 2019-08-19, retrieved 2019-09-04. *^ Uhl, Natalie W. and Dransfield, John (1987) Genera Palmarum - A ... അടയ്ക്ക (aṭaykka), which is from Proto-Dravidian *aṭ-ay-kkāy ("areca nut").[7][8] The suffix -aceae is the feminine plural of ...
Areca palm (Dypsis lutescens). No Yes[6] No Yes. No. non-toxic[11] ...
Broad beans (Amharic: baqella) are one of the most popular legumes in Ethiopia. They are tightly coupled with every aspect of Ethiopian life. They are mainly used as an alternative to peas to prepare a flour called shiro, which is used to make shiro wot (a stew almost ubiquitous in Ethiopian dishes). During the fasting period in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church tradition called Tsome Filliseta, Tsome arbeå, Tsome Tahsas, and Tsome Hawaria (which are in August, end of February-April, mid-November-beginning of January and June-July), two uncooked spicy vegetable dishes are made using broad beans. The first is Hilibet, a thin, white paste of broad bean flour mixed with pieces of onion, green pepper, garlic, and other spices based on personal taste. The second is siljo, a fermented, sour, spicy thin yellow paste of broad bean flour. Both are served with other stews and injera (a pancake-like bread) during lunch and dinner. Baqella nifro (boiled broad beans) are eaten as a snack during some holidays ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 978-9-675-71906-6. .. *^ https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-08-07/boabs-come-africa-baobabs-evolution/ ...
Christians have traditionally used wine during worship services as a means of remembering the blood of Jesus Christ which was shed for the remission of sins. Christians who oppose the partaking of alcoholic beverages sometimes use grape juice or water as the "cup" or "wine" in the Lord's Supper.[39] The Catholic Church continues to use wine in the celebration of the Eucharist because it is part of the tradition passed down through the ages starting with Jesus Christ at the Last Supper, where Catholics believe the consecrated bread and wine literally become the body and blood of Jesus Christ, a dogma known as transubstantiation.[40] Wine is used (not grape juice) both due to its strong Scriptural roots, and also to follow the tradition set by the early Christian Church.[41] The Code of Canon Law of the Catholic Church (1983), Canon 924 says that the wine used must be natural, made from grapes of the vine, and not corrupt.[42] In some circumstances, a priest may obtain special permission to use ...
Quebracho produces tannins that can be extracted in quebracho sawmills from the heartwood of both red (Schinopsis lorentzii)[3] and white quebracho (Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco). Logs are inserted into planers to produce chips that are used to produce the quebracho extract by boiling them in vats.[4] It is used for fine leather tanning and imparts a red-brown color. Ordinary or warm soluble quebracho (also known as insoluble Quebracho) is the natural extract obtained directly from the quebracho wood. This type of extract is rich in condensed tannins of natural high molecular weight (phlobaphenes), which are not easily soluble. Its use is therefore limited to addition of small amounts during the process of tanning leather intended for shoe soles in hot liquids (temperature above 35 °C) to improve the yield and the water-proofness of the leather. The cold soluble extracts are obtained by subjecting the ordinary extract to a sulphiting process which transforms the phlobaphenes into completely ...
areca nut, areca palm, betel, fruit high. ตรี. มัก. /mák/. [mak̚˦˥]. habitually, likely to ...
Betel-quid and Areca-nut Chewing and Some Areca-Nut Derived Nitrosamines. 85. World Health Organization. 2004. p. 68. ISBN 978- ... Betel-quid and Areca-nut Chewing and Some Areca-nut-derived Nitrosamines, from IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of ... "Betel-quid and areca-nut chewing and some areca-nut-derived Nitrosamines" (PDF). The World Health Organization.. ... Slices of the dry areca nut are on the upper left and slices of the tender areca nut on the upper right. The pouch on the right ...
Areca Books. p. 9. ISBN 98-342-8344-X. Masri Singarimbun (1975). Kinship, Descent, and Alliance Among the Karo Batak. ...
Areca Books. 2007. pp. 55-. ISBN 978-983-43661-2-4. "A Guide to Selected Chinese Clan Houses in the George Town World Heritage ...
Ruth Iversen Rollitt (March 23, 2015). Iversen (1 ed.). Areca Books. p. 240. ISBN 9675719222. "Iversen and Van Sitteren ...
Areca Books. ISBN 98-342-1130-9. Di mana Ngah Ibrahim disemadi? -- Perak, dakwa anak, Utusan Malaysia 4 September 2006 A ...
Areca Books. ISBN 983-4211-30-9. Ivor H Evan (2012). The Last Descendants of The Lanoh Hunter and Gatherers in Malaysia. ...
Areca Books. ISBN 983-42834-1-5. ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 978-967-57190-6-6 "LOVE LOCK". Penang Hil. 27 May 2015. "Penang Hill: new things to do, eat & hotel ... Areca Books. p. 130. ISBN 978-9834283421. Frances Wilks (December 21, 2012). "Penang's Hill Station". Expat Go. "About us: ...
Areca Books. (2006). ISBN 978-983-42834-1-4 (pg. 33) Penang Jewish Cemetery: Official Site Free Malaysia Today article: "The ...
Areca Books. p. 109. ISBN 967-9948-31-5. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Volume 64. Royal Asiatic ... Areca Books. pp. 25 & 163. ISBN 983-42113-0-9. Lubis, Abdur-Razzaq; Khoo, Salma Nasution (2003). Raja Bilah and the Mandailings ...
Areca nut; Areca catechu; Areca alba (lubi lubi) caballero - peacock flower; Caesalpinia pulcherrima Linn.; bulaklak ng paraiso ...
Areca publishing. ISBN 983-42834-8-2, ISBN 978-983-42834-8-3. Pg 50, 62, 122. Yan, Qinghuang. [2008] (2008). The Chinese in ...
Areca Books. ISBN 9789834283414. OCLC 71429361. Imported GEDCOM file "I1348: Johann Georg [John George] BAUSUM (Jun 1812 - 1 ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 9789834211301. "The history of Bukit Mertajam, Part II:From rural board to town council". The history ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 9789839886009. Administrator. "History Of Balik Pulau". www.istaybalikpulau.com. Retrieved 2016-10-20 ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 978-983-9886-00-9. "The Penang Story". A Comparison on the Urban Spatial Structures of the British ... Areca Books: Penang, 2006 "Then and now: The stories behind Southeast Asia's heritage hotels , CNN Travel". Retrieved 2017-11- ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 9789839886009. "Penang Times Square". Time Out Penang. Retrieved 2016-11-20. "Milestone". ivory.com. ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 978-983-9886-00-9. "Brief History - Penang Bar Committee". penangbar.org. Retrieved 17 November 2016 ...
Penang: Areca Books. ISBN 9789839886009. Das Gupta, Sameer (2008). Advanced history of Buddhism: monasteries and temples. Cyber ...
Areca nut (betel nut) chewing. The areca nut component of betel quid plays a major role in the pathogenesis of oral submucous ... Areca nuts have also been shown to have a high copper content, and chewing areca nuts for 5-30 minutes significantly increases ... The mixture of this quid, or chew, is a combination of the areca nut (fruit of the Areca catechu palm tree, erroneously termed ... Role of areca nut in the causation of oral submucous fibrosis: a case-control study in Pakistan. J Oral Pathol Med. 1994 Feb. ...
areca nut, Betel quid, oral squamous cell carcinoma, tobacco National Category Medical and Health Sciences Identifiers. URN: ... and the diseases are partly attributed to high consumption of betel quid containing areca nut and tobacco. This study ...
... What is areca seed? What is it used for?. Areca seed is contained in the dried ripe fruit of the areca ... Dried, whole areca seeds can be found at many Asian markets and herbal shops. Powdered areca seeds and areca seed decoctions ... How much areca seed should I take?. The typical dosage of areca seed is between six and 12 grams, decocted in water and used as ... The properties of areca seed will be discussed in this article. Areca peel is used for different conditions, and is discussed ...
Genus: Areca Species: A. abdulrahmanii - A. ahmadii - A. andersonii - A. arundinacea - A. bakeri - A. brachypoda - A. caliso - ... Areca. Published online. Accessed Oct. 5 2015.. *Tropicos.org 2015. Areca . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the ... Areca catechu L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1189 (1753). Synonyms[edit]. *Heterotypic *Mischophloeus Scheff., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 2: ... Areca in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the ...
Areca brachypoda J.Dransf. Areca caliso Becc. Areca camarinensis Becc. Areca catechu L. Areca celebica Burret Areca chaiana J. ... Areca costulata Becc. Areca dayung J.Dransf. Areca furcata Becc. Areca glandiformis Lam. Areca guppyana Becc. Areca gurita ... Areca macrocalyx Zipp. ex Blume Areca macrocarpa Becc. Areca minuta Scheff. Areca montana Ridl. Areca multifida Burret Areca ... Areca torulo Becc. Areca triandra Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham. Areca tunku J.Dransf. & C.K.Lim Areca vestiaria Giseke Areca vidaliana ...
Areca Palm (Butterfly Palm) 3D Model available on Turbo Squid, the worlds leading provider of digital 3D models for ... Areca Palm green plant shrub bush flower leaves leaf tree decoration landscape potted pot architectural interior exterior 3d ... Areca Palm.. Also known as Butterfly Palm is a high quality model to add more details and realism to your rendering projects. ...
The areca nut (/ˈærɪkə/ or /əˈriːkə/) is the fruit of the areca palm (Areca catechu), which grows in much of the tropical ... In Bhutan, the areca nut is called doma. The raw areca nut, which is soft and moist, is very potent and when chewed can cause ... Systemic effects of areca nut Areca nut affects almost all organs of the human body, including the brain, heart, lungs, ... Unlike in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, where the inner areca nut is used, in Palau, the areca nuts skin is chewed ...
Buy Areca - Multi-Purpose Responsive Magento Theme by linharex on ThemeForest. Important Support Tip Due to the limited of this ... MT Areca Introduction. MT Areca is a nice looking and bright fashion magento theme for Winter 2013. MT Areca is a wonderful ... Areca - Multi-Purpose Responsive Magento Theme Areca - Multi-Purpose Responsive Magento Theme ... We build MT Areca with customization in mind, that is a powerful Admin and Unlimited colors so you can easily modify theme, and ...
You can also find pictures of areca nut, areca palm tree, areca palma, areca catechu, areca palm care. ... 8 Giant Areca Palm $245.00 #4986 Areca Palm Dwarf Areca 6 foot 8 Giant Areca Palm $245.00 #4986 Buy 6 bottles save 10%; buy ... Common name Areca nut, betel nut palm, betelpalm, bing lang, bunga, pinang. Family Arecaceae... インドから東南アジアのマレー半島に分布しています。単幹性で高さ ... Areca 7 foot Como otra característica destacada, existe la posibilidad de comprimir los archivos que
Cmnd_Alias ARECA = /usr/local/sbin/arecacli nrpe ALL= NOPASSWD: ARECA #!/bin/bash VOLUMES="1 2 3 4" STATE_OK=0 # define the ... command[check_areca]=/usr/local/sbin/check_areca ... Zápisek je také publikován na mém novém blogu: blog.bcvsolutions.eu ... Sledování stavu Areca řadiče Nagiosem. 10.9.2010 00:44 , Přečteno: 843× , Diskuze , poslední úprava: 10.9.2010 00:44 ... Rozbalit Rozbalit vše Re: Sledování stavu Areca řadiče Nagiosem Odpovědět , Sbalit , Link , Blokovat , Admin ...
Offer a distinctive tropical accent to any room in your home or office by choosing beautiful this Delray Plants Areca Palm in ... is this the Areca palm that grow to 20 feet high when grown in the ground outside? is this the Areca palm that grow to 20 feet ... The Delray Plants areca palm makes a lovely houseplant while acting as a living humidifier. It has beautiful feather-like green ... The Delray Plants areca palm makes a lovely houseplant while acting as a living humidifier. It has beautiful feather-like green ...
Read siesta42 review of Areca with Decorative Planter Polyester Plant. Get everyday discount prices plus everyday free shipping ...
Areca explanation free. What is Areca? Meaning of Areca medical term. What does Areca mean? ... Looking for online definition of Areca in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to Areca: Areca catechu, areca nut. Areca. (arĕ-kă), A genus of Asian palms; one species, Areca catechu, furnishes a. ... Some of the most popular types of l i l d k i ( palm include kentia (Howea forsteriana), areca (Areca catechu) and dragon ( ...
... and great deals for Areca Lodge at TripAdvisor. ... Areca Lodge: Great golf courses are within easy reach 40 - 60 ... Stayed at the Areca Lodge from 26 January to 10 February. This was my second stay at the Areca Lodge and I have just booked ... Been to Areca Lodge? Share your experiences!. Write a Review Add Photos & Videos ... The Areca Lodge is centrally located in Pattaya and provides a haven of calm from the hustle and bustle that surround the hotel ...
Areca catechu is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is ... Betel Palm or Areca catechu. Other common names are Areca Palm, Areca Nut Palm, Indian Nut, and Pinang Palm. Other Names: ... Other common names are Areca Palm, Areca Nut Palm, Indian Nut, and Pinang Palm. ... Areca catechu is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is ...
... the fruit of the areca palm, areca catech, has a slender growth and is often considered to be the most beautiful of the palms. ... One of the most important ingredients of a betel preparation is the areca nut (which in botanical terms is not a nut, but a ... The Kathi women of Saurashtra make highly ornate bags for keeping areca nuts to be distributed to the guests at wedding parties ... Folded betel leaf containing lime, catechu, areca nut, cardamom, etc., are distributed at wedding parties. ...
C. V. Srinivasa, A. Arifulla, N. Goutham et al., "Static bending and impact behaviour of areca fibers composites," Materials ... R. P. Swamy, G. C. M. Kumar, Y. Vrushabhendrappa, and V. Joseph, "Study of areca-reinforced phenol formaldehyde composites," ... Flexural Strength Analysis of Starch Based Biodegradable Composite Using Areca Frond Fibre Reinforcement. Srinivas Shenoy ... "Effect of different treatment media on the breaking strength of long Areca nut fibers," in Proceedings of the 4th National ...
1. areca nut (n.). seed of betel palm; chewed with leaves of the betel pepper and lime as a digestive stimulant and narcotic in ...
LaCie is a big name in this space, but Areca is known for superior performance. http://www.tomshardware.co.uk/areca... ... LaCie is a big name in this space, but Areca is known for superior performance. Areca ARC-8050T3 Thunderbolt 3 DAS Review : ...
... Yu-Ching Liu,1,2 Chao- ... Yu-Ching Liu, Chao-Jung Chen, Miau-Rong Lee, et al., "Peroxidase as the Major Protein Constituent in Areca Nut and ...
Amaska, Areca catechu, areca quid, areca nut, arecoline, arequier, betal, betel quid, betelnusspalme, chavica etal, gutkha, ... Betel nut (Areca catechu L.). Also listed as: Areca catechuL., Arecoline. Related terms. ... Betel nut use refers to a combination of three ingredients: the nut of the betel palm (Areca catechu), part of the Piper betel ... Betel nut use refers to a combination of three ingredients: the nut of the betel palm (Areca catechu), part of the Piper betel ...
Areca is a file backup system that supports datacompression (zip / zip64 format) and encryption,incremental backups, FTP file ... Areca Backup 7.5 Olivier PETRUCCI - Open Source - Areca is a file backup system that supports datacompression (zip / zip64 ... Free areca backup download software at UpdateStar - ... areca backup. * More WinRAR 5.50 win.rar GmbH - 1.7MB - ...
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Areca nut commonly known as betel nut is chewed with betel leaf with or without incorporating tobacco. It has many health ... Areca nut is the seed or nut of the areca palm. It is also commonly known as betel nut. Areca palm is very commonly found in ... Areca nut stem and leaf-. Stem of areca nut palm is used for construction purposes in villages where areca nut palm is ... Areca nut: A berry of areca palm. Posted Date: 21 Aug 2017. ,Updated: 21-Aug-2017 ,Category: Health ,Author: Reena Upadhya , ...
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  • In veterinary medicine, an extract of areca seed is used to treat tapeworms in dogs and cattle, and to treat intestinal problems in horses. (acupuncturetoday.com)
  • Results of FACS analysis further confirm G 1 /S phase cell cycle arrest on areca nut extract exposure. (springer.com)
  • The regulation of downstream AP-1 subunits by MAPKs was studied by using specific inhibitors of ERK, JNK and p38 along with areca nut extract. (springer.com)
  • Results showed the redox activation of MAP kinases down regulated the mRNA levels of AP-1 subunits in aqueous areca nut extract treated cells. (springer.com)
  • Ethanolic extract of areca nut fruit showing the antioxidant activities with IC50 around 45,4 μg/ml (Lee and Choi, 1999) . (ugm.ac.id)
  • Objective: The objective of this research was to know the characteristics and chemical compounds of simplex powder and ethanol extract of areca husk, and antidiarrheal activity of ethanol extract of areca husk compared with loperamide HCl. (usu.ac.id)
  • Methods: The ethanol extract of areca husk was extracted by maceration with 80% ethanol. (usu.ac.id)
  • Results: The results of the characteristics of simplex powder were showed that 5.31% water content, 9.95% water-soluble extract content, 7.65% ethanol-soluble extract content, 5.76% total ash and 2.20% acid insoluble ash content, while ethanol extract of areca husk were showed that 9.31% water content, 5.15% total ash and 2.07% acid insoluble ash content. (usu.ac.id)
  • The results of antidiarrheal activity test of ethanol extract of areca husk obtained dose of 75 mg/kg bw has antidiarrheal activity comparable with loperamide HCl dose of 1 mg/kg bw, while doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg bw have antidiarrheal activity of weak and a dose of 100 mg/kg bw has strong antidiarrheal activity in reducing diarrhea. (usu.ac.id)
  • Cite this page: "Areca lutescens" Text available under a CC-BY-SA Creative Commons Attribution License. (llifle.com)
  • The areca palm (Chrysalidocarpus lutescens) is a great choice for the Las Vegas area due to its ease of growth and benefits to the indoor environment. (ehow.com)
  • Tobacco & Lime: Pan Masala, Gutka and Mawa ( areca , tobacco and lime] are commercially freeze dried products with high concentrates of areca nut per chew. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Areca nut commonly known as betel nut is chewed with betel leaf with or without incorporating tobacco. (indiastudychannel.com)
  • Some people like it with tobacco and thus areca nut mixed with tobacco is also available. (indiastudychannel.com)
  • The tobacco-specific N -nitrosamines 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), as well as the Areca -derived N -nitrosoguvacoline (NG) were assayed for carcinogenicity in male F344 rats by lifetime administration in the drinking water. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate dependency syndrome among areca nut users with and without tobacco additives and compare it with dependency associated with cigarette smoking among the male Pakistani population. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This was an observational cross sectional study carried out on healthy individuals, who were users of any one of the three products (areca nut only, areca nut with tobacco additives, cigarette smokers). (biomedcentral.com)
  • We carried out final analysis on 851 individuals, of which 36.8% (n = 314) were areca nut users, 28.4% (n = 242) were the chewers of areca with tobacco additives and 34.7% (n = 295) were regular cigarette smokers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Multivariate analyses showed that individuals using areca nut with tobacco additives were significantly more likely to have dependency syndrome (OR = 2.17, 95% CI 1.39-3.40) while cigarette smokers were eight times more likely to have dependency syndrome as compared to areca nut only users. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Areca nut use with and without tobacco additives was significantly associated with dependency syndrome. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In comparison to exclusive areca nut users, the smokers were eight times more likely to develop dependence while areca nut users with tobacco additives were also significantly more likely to suffer from the dependence. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The term areca originated from the Malayalam word adakka (അടക്ക) and dates from the 16th century, when Dutch and Portuguese sailors took the nut from Kerala to Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The generic name Areca is derived from a name used locally on the Malabar Coast of India. (wikipedia.org)
  • Areca palm is very commonly found in tropical Pacific, certain parts of east Africa and in southern Asian countries like tropical India, Japan, Philippines, South China etc. (indiastudychannel.com)
  • Areca nut has been used since a long time in Asian countries like India, China and Philippines. (indiastudychannel.com)
  • About Us We are established as a reputed manufacturer of a wide range of products like Manual Areca Leaf Plate Making Machines in Bangalore, India. (arecaplatemachines.com)
  • Background: Areca nut included Palmae plants that are almost in all parts of Indonesia. (usu.ac.id)
  • Chang MC et al (2004) The induction of prostaglandin E2 production, interleukin-6 production, cell cycle arrest, and cytotoxicity in primary oral keratinocytes and KB cancer cells by areca nut ingredients is differentially regulated by MEK/ERK activation. (springer.com)
  • These characteristics of areca nut along with its ingredients highlight the existence of some dependency symptoms among its users. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The toxic nature of areca nut induced the production of reactive oxygen species with decreased anti-oxidant glutathione S transferase levels lead to altered redox homeostasis. (springer.com)
  • Other traditional uses include the removal of tapeworms and other intestinal parasites by swallowing a few teaspoons of powdered areca nut, drunk as a decoction, or by taking tablets containing the extracted alkaloids. (wikipedia.org)