Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Seminiferous Epithelium: The epithelium lining the seminiferous tubules composed of primary male germ cells (SPERMATOGONIA) and supporting SERTOLI CELLS. As SPERMATOGENESIS proceeds, the developing germ cells migrate toward the lumen. The adluminal compartment, the inner two thirds of the tubules, contains SPERMATOCYTES and the more advanced germ cells.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Sertoli Cells: Supporting cells projecting inward from the basement membrane of SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. They surround and nourish the developing male germ cells and secrete ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN and hormones such as ANTI-MULLERIAN HORMONE. The tight junctions of Sertoli cells with the SPERMATOGONIA and SPERMATOCYTES provide a BLOOD-TESTIS BARRIER.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Blood-Testis Barrier: A specialized barrier, in the TESTIS, between the interstitial BLOOD compartment and the adluminal compartment of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. The barrier is formed by layers of cells from the VASCULAR ENDOTHELIUM of the capillary BLOOD VESSELS, to the SEMINIFEROUS EPITHELIUM of the seminiferous tubules. TIGHT JUNCTIONS form between adjacent SERTOLI CELLS, as well as between the ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Adaptation, Biological: Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Dominance, Cerebral: Dominance of one cerebral hemisphere over the other in cerebral functions.Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Falkland Islands: A British colony in the Atlantic Islands, comprising two principal islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. Its capital is Stanley. Discovered in 1592, it was not occupied until the French settled there briefly in 1764. Later the English settled there but were expelled by the Spanish in 1770. The Falklands were claimed by Argentina but were occupied in 1833 by the British who, after an April 1982 invasion by Argentina, regained them in June. The islands were named by British Captain John Strong in 1690 for the fifth Viscount Falkland who financed Strong's expedition. The Spanish name for the islands, Malvinas, is from the French Malouins, inhabitants of St. Malo who attempted to colonize the islands in 1764. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p389 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p182)Spermatids: Male germ cells derived from the haploid secondary SPERMATOCYTES. Without further division, spermatids undergo structural changes and give rise to SPERMATOZOA.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Intercellular Junctions: Direct contact of a cell with a neighboring cell. Most such junctions are too small to be resolved by light microscopy, but they can be visualized by conventional or freeze-fracture electron microscopy, both of which show that the interacting CELL MEMBRANE and often the underlying CYTOPLASM and the intervening EXTRACELLULAR SPACE are highly specialized in these regions. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p792)Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Tarsiidae: The single family of PRIMATES in the infraorder TARSII, suborder HAPLORHINI. It is comprised of one genus, Tarsius, that inhabits southern Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, and the Philippines.Host Specificity: The properties of a pathogen that makes it capable of infecting one or more specific hosts. The pathogen can include PARASITES as well as VIRUSES; BACTERIA; FUNGI; or PLANTS.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Specialties, Surgical: Various branches of surgical practice limited to specialized areas.Information Theory: An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Synapses: Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Freeze Fracturing: Preparation for electron microscopy of minute replicas of exposed surfaces of the cell which have been ruptured in the frozen state. The specimen is frozen, then cleaved under high vacuum at the same temperature. The exposed surface is shadowed with carbon and platinum and coated with carbon to obtain a carbon replica.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.HydrazinesAnts: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Plant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.Lorisidae: A family of Primates of the suborder Strepsirhini containing six genera. The family is distributed in parts of Africa, India, Asia, and the Philippines. The six genera are: Arctocebus (golden potto), GALAGO (bush babies), Loris (slender loris), Nycticebus (slow loris), and Perodicticus (potto). Lorises and pottos are relatively common except for Arctocebus, the golden potto. All are arboreal and nocturnal.Papio ursinus: A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE found in southern Africa. They are dark colored and have a variable social structure.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Orchidaceae: A plant family of the order Orchidales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). All orchids have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Medicine: The art and science of studying, performing research on, preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, as well as the maintenance of health.Palaeognathae: A superorder of large, mostly flightless birds, named for their distinctive PALATE morphology. It includes the orders Apterygiformes, Casuriiformes, Dinornithiformes, RHEIFORMES; STRUTHIONIFORMES and Tinamiformes.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.IndazolesSeed Dispersal: The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Food Chain: The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Acacia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).Beak: In some animals, the jaws together with their horny covering. The beak usually refers to the bill of birds in which the whole varies greatly in form according of the food and habits of the bird. While the beak refers most commonly to birds, the anatomical counterpart is found also in the turtle, squid, and octopus. (From Webster, 3d ed & Storer, et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p491, 755)Spermatogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Plant Nectar: Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Auditory Perception: The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Neuromuscular Junction: The synapse between a neuron and a muscle.Vertebrates: Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.Gene Duplication: Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.Face: The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.Nerve Net: A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Sympatry: In evolutionary theory, overlapping geographic distribution of diverging species. In sympatric GENETIC SPECIATION, genetic diversion occurs without geographic separation.Hospitals, Special: Hospitals which provide care for a single category of illness with facilities and staff directed toward a specific service.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Thysanoptera: An order of very small, fringed-wing INSECTS including many agricultural pests.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Host-Parasite Interactions: The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.Receptors, Cholinergic: Cell surface proteins that bind acetylcholine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Cholinergic receptors are divided into two major classes, muscarinic and nicotinic, based originally on their affinity for nicotine and muscarine. Each group is further subdivided based on pharmacology, location, mode of action, and/or molecular biology.Axons: Nerve fibers that are capable of rapidly conducting impulses away from the neuron cell body.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Selection, Genetic: Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Ecological and Environmental Phenomena: Ecological and environmental entities, characteristics, properties, relationships and processes.Moles: Any of numerous burrowing mammals found in temperate regions and having minute eyes often covered with skin.Osmium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain osmium as an integral part of the molecule.PrimatesCluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Ecotype: Geographic variety, population, or race, within a species, that is genetically adapted to a particular habitat. An ecotype typically exhibits phenotypic differences but is capable of interbreeding with other ecotypes.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.LizardsModels, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Paleodontology: The study of the teeth of early forms of life through fossil remains.United StatesMultigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Mammals: Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.Cetacea: An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Phthiraptera: An order of small, wingless parasitic insects, commonly known as lice. The suborders include ANOPLURA (sucking lice); AMBLYCERA; ISCHNOCERA; and Rhynchophthirina (elephant and warthog lice).Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Dendrites: Extensions of the nerve cell body. They are short and branched and receive stimuli from other NEURONS.Larrea: A plant genus of the family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE. It is sometimes called chaparral but that is a generic word which is used with a number of other plants. Members contain NORDIHYDROGUAIARETIC ACID.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Agrin: A protein component of the synaptic basal lamina. It has been shown to induce clustering of acetylcholine receptors on the surface of muscle fibers and other synaptic molecules in both synapse regeneration and development.Killifishes: Small oviparous fishes in the family Cyprinodontidae, usually striped or barred black. They are much used in mosquito control.Strepsirhini: A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of the following five families: CHEIROGALEIDAE; Daubentoniidae; Indriidae; LEMURIDAE; and LORISIDAE.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Auditory Cortex: The region of the cerebral cortex that receives the auditory radiation from the MEDIAL GENICULATE BODY.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Air Sacs: Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.Nitrogen Isotopes: Stable nitrogen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element nitrogen, but differ in atomic weight. N-15 is a stable nitrogen isotope.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.Extinction, Biological: The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.Spatio-Temporal Analysis: Techniques which study entities using their topological, geometric, or geographic properties and include the dimension of time in the analysis.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Rodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Arthropod Antennae: Paired sense organs connected to the anterior segments of ARTHROPODS that help them navigate through the environment.Hearing: The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.Adherens Junctions: Anchoring points where the CYTOSKELETON of neighboring cells are connected to each other. They are composed of specialized areas of the plasma membrane where bundles of the ACTIN CYTOSKELETON attach to the membrane through the transmembrane linkers, CADHERINS, which in turn attach through their extracellular domains to cadherins in the neighboring cell membranes. In sheets of cells, they form into adhesion belts (zonula adherens) that go all the way around a cell.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Pandanaceae: A plant family of the order Pandanales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons).Occipital Lobe: Posterior portion of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES responsible for processing visual sensory information. It is located posterior to the parieto-occipital sulcus and extends to the preoccipital notch.Programming Languages: Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Pattern Recognition, Automated: In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Sound Localization: Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Seminiferous Tubules: The convoluted tubules in the TESTIS where sperm are produced (SPERMATOGENESIS) and conveyed to the RETE TESTIS. Spermatogenic tubules are composed of developing germ cells and the supporting SERTOLI CELLS.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Semantics: The relationships between symbols and their meanings.Tool Use Behavior: Modifying, carrying, or manipulating an item external to itself by an animal, before using it to effect a change on the environment or itself (from Beck, Animal Tool Behavior, 1980).Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Invertebrates: Animals that have no spinal column.Body Weights and Measures: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Synaptic Membranes: Cell membranes associated with synapses. Both presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes are included along with their integral or tightly associated specializations for the release or reception of transmitters.Synaptic Vesicles: Membrane-bound compartments which contain transmitter molecules. Synaptic vesicles are concentrated at presynaptic terminals. They actively sequester transmitter molecules from the cytoplasm. In at least some synapses, transmitter release occurs by fusion of these vesicles with the presynaptic membrane, followed by exocytosis of their contents.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Herbivory: The act of feeding on plants by animals.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Vestibulocochlear Nerve: The 8th cranial nerve. The vestibulocochlear nerve has a cochlear part (COCHLEAR NERVE) which is concerned with hearing and a vestibular part (VESTIBULAR NERVE) which mediates the sense of balance and head position. The fibers of the cochlear nerve originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS). The fibers of the vestibular nerve arise from neurons of Scarpa's ganglion and project to the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI.Vinculin: A cytoskeletal protein associated with cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. The amino acid sequence of human vinculin has been determined. The protein consists of 1066 amino acid residues and its gene has been assigned to chromosome 10.Microscopy, Immunoelectron: Microscopy in which the samples are first stained immunocytochemically and then examined using an electron microscope. Immunoelectron microscopy is used extensively in diagnostic virology as part of very sensitive immunoassays.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Financial Management, Hospital: The obtaining and management of funds for hospital needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.Mental Processes: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Adiantum: A plant genus of the family Pteridaceae. Members contain TRITERPENES. Some species in this genus are called maidenhair fern which is also a common name occasionally used for Lygodium (FERNS) and POLYPODIUM.Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Charadriiformes: An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.Tooth Wear: Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processesAphids: A family (Aphididae) of small insects, in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, that suck the juices of plants. Important genera include Schizaphis and Myzus. The latter is known to carry more than 100 virus diseases between plants.Songbirds: PASSERIFORMES of the suborder, Oscines, in which the flexor tendons of the toes are separate, and the lower syrinx has 4 to 9 pairs of tensor muscles inserted at both ends of the tracheal half rings. They include many commonly recognized birds such as CROWS; FINCHES; robins; SPARROWS; and SWALLOWS.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Auditory Pathways: NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Models, Organizational: Theoretical representations and constructs that describe or explain the structure and hierarchy of relationships and interactions within or between formal organizational entities or informal social groups.Pan troglodytes: The common chimpanzee, a species of the genus Pan, family HOMINIDAE. It lives in Africa, primarily in the tropical rainforests. There are a number of recognized subspecies.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Visual Cortex: Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.
UCIS also coordinates centers for area studies and centers on topical specializations in international studies. Within UCIS, ... This center provides a university-wide framework for students, faculty, other scholars who have an interest in international ... UCIS encompasses centers for area studies and centers on topical specializations in international studies. It coordinates ...
It offers seven areas of specialization for undergraduates: Communication and Information Technology Policy Development Studies ... is a specialized four-year honours degree dedicated to the study of public policy within an interdisciplinary framework. ... Students pursue these courses according to their area of specialization. Students have the option to complete a co-op ... "Specializations". Arthur Kroeger College. Retrieved 17 February 2012. "Canada's First University Program in Political ...
The Visual C++ compiler's standards-compliance improved, especially in the area of partial template specialization. Visual C++ ... Text Generation Framework Visual Studio includes a full text generation framework called T4 which enables Visual Studio to ... Visual Studio 2008 requires .NET 3.5 Framework and by default configures compiled assemblies to run on .NET Framework 3.5, but ... Microsoft Releases Visual Studio 2010, .NET Framework 4 Microsoft launches Visual Studio 2010 and .NET Framework 4 "Visual ...
... skills from The Common Core and marries them to a framework that emphasizes depth over breadth, process over product, and ... to identify and deepen areas of interest and strength, transforming native promise into talent; and to facilitate early ... specialization and the acquisition of professional-level skills and commitment. Lang is an alternative school designed to ...
This new design identified four major areas (concentrations) of study: Children, Youth and Families; Health and Mental Health; ... In 1973, the School abandoned the traditional social casework, social group work, community organization framework and adopted ... Within each of these, students also selected a specialization from among Interpersonal Skills; Organization and Planning; ... CRSP has identified seven major areas of race-related social problems: economic disparities; educational disparities; ...
His area of specialization is Medical Anthropology and he focuses on Anthropology of Disasters, Anthropology of Development and ... Joshi was a delegate of the European Union at the United Nations Framework Climate Change Conference held at Poznan, Poland in ... Joshi has co-authored nine books, over 157 articles, book chapters and reviews in area of Medical Anthropology, Traditional ... He has worked in interdisciplinary areas with psychiatrists, psychologists, epidemiologists and other researchers on various ...
The Ministry amalgamated other frameworks of training for teachers from the central area of Israel, such as: The Arab Teacher ... In 1987 it was granted full recognition for all its specializations. Nomi Talisman Rotem Reshef Gideon Gechtman Smadar Lavie ... The cornerstone was laid on 21 August 1946 and was used as an area base for the Haganah forces, and later by the Israel Defense ...
... following the modernization trend of segmentation and specialization of areas. As modernity stressed "increased efficiency, ... mostly within the framework of geometric abstractions." Such segmentation was especially prominent in the 1990s, when urban ... In land use planning, urban open space is open space areas for "parks", "green spaces", and other open areas. The landscape of ... park and recreation areas." Another is "Open space is land and/or water area with its surface open to the sky, consciously ...
... and a choice of different areas of specialization. Students complete a number of projects across the curriculum including: the ... Since 2015, the Institute has been educating these students within the framework of a new common ISAE-SUPAERO engineering ... ISAE-SUPAERO has the following missions: • To educate engineers in the aeronautics and space fields and in related areas • To ... It also trains military engineers with an aeronautics specialization once the latter have completed a first year at another ...
Custom spec rules and test groups". "Cross-Browser Layout Testing With Galen Framework And Sauce Labs". SauceLabs. Retrieved ... Testing location of elements on page Image comparison for selected area Functional testing Applying TDD approach in Web ... Galen Framework is an open source layout and functional testing framework for websites, written in Java, which allows to test ...
His areas of specialisation are Maltese Early Christian Art and Archaeology, Medieval Art and Antiquaries, and the Art and ... the European context for Maltese art history and medieval archaeology and has provided scholars with the essential framework ...
His research activity thus focused on three areas: archaeology, heritage and cultural management. Nowadays he is a scientific ... within the framework of a Master Plan that planned for the site's subsequent transformation into the headquarters for three ... specialisation and artisan diversification in eastern Andalusia between the 6th - 3rd millennium B.C.'' He is also a Researcher ... Technology and Artisan Specialisation. The first rural societies and social hierarchy in the south of the Iberian Peninsula ( ...
Some key contributors to the field, along with their areas of focus: The business models of various personal effectiveness ... They also outlined the framework of SMART goal setting. In the management field, these advancements branched into the ... Although this trend continues, with common specializations in weight loss, health, or spirituality, a few contributors are ...
TOGAF is based on four interrelated areas of specialization called architecture domains: Business architecture which defines ... The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) is a framework for enterprise architecture that provides an approach for ... An architecture framework is a set of tools which can be used for developing a broad range of different architectures. It ... p. 119 Tom van Sante, Hans Van Den Bent (2007) Togaf the Open Group Architectural Framework: A Management Guide. p. iv 15,000 ...
The area of the district is 3,128 square kilometers (1,208 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Torzhok (which is ... Within the framework of administrative divisions, Torzhoksky District is one of the thirty-six in the oblast. The town of ... The main agricultural specializations of the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, as well as flax ... On March 5, 1935 Mednovsky District with the center in the selo of Mednoye was established as well on the areas previously ...
... advantage of regions brought about by changing locational forces affecting regional specialization within the framework of a ... the town in area and the town as area." Smith, Robert H. T. (1965-01-01). "Method and Purpose in Functional Town Classification ... Specialization in a given activity is said to exist when employment in it exceeds some critical level. The relationship between ... When 25 percent or more of the total earnings in an urban region derive from manufacturing, that urban area is arbitrarily ...
Enterprise Immersion is one of the six immersion programs offered at Johnson where students pick an area of specialization. The ... This approach integrates three elements: students (1) learn theoretical frameworks, and (2) apply them to real-world situations ... regardless of industry or functional area. Past projects include work with GE, Dupont, Dow Corning, the Environmental Credit ...
Likewise, the National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense (CAE-CD) framework was designed in a collaboration ... Other schools may offer a broader professional master's degree in a field of computing or business with a specialization is ... some may even start with two-year preparation classes and covers various areas of computer science, Internet security, Computer ... The National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) has developed a framework for cyber security education and workforce ...
Areas of policy work originate from within the Academy Council and wider Fellowship, and in response to consultations from the ... The intention of the founders was to create a national resource outside the framework of Government, with the expertise and ... The formation of the Academy occurred against a backdrop of increasing fragmentation and specialisation within the medical ... The Academy's funding schemes focus on areas of specific and specialist need, addressing perceived shortages within key ...
These programs allow students to specialize in those areas of study and earn a certificate demonstrating that specialization. ... This one-year program is designed for professionals whose job involves working within a legal or regulatory framework. MLS ... Clinical Law Program students are taught and expected to demonstrate the highest standards of excellence in all areas of legal ... was one of the first in the western United States to offer coursework in the areas of arbitration, negotiation and mediation. ...
Analytical frameworks are important for linking information from different areas. Various types of frameworks are being used ... with increasing sign of specialisation in literature. Empirical research was more analytical. Concerns of social disclosures ... More like a framework for sustainability accounting it is a framework or an alternative way of economics and the society in ... Assumptions underpinning the specification of this framework are: the objective(s) of the sustainability accounting framework ...
In specialised areas where no publicly owned qualifications exist, an RTO may develop its own course and have it accredited as ... In size these RTOs vary from single-person operations delivering training and assessment in a narrow specialisation, to large ... The classification of tertiary qualifications in Victoria is governed in part by the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF ... Entrance to selective schools is by examination and they cater to a large geographical area. According to the Schools Australia ...
"Early Years Learning Framework". School Curriculum and Standards Authority. Retrieved 8 May 2017. "National Quality Framework ... In specialised areas where no publicly owned qualifications exist, an RTO may develop its own course and have it accredited as ... In size these RTOs vary from single-person operations delivering training and assessment in a narrow specialisation, to large ... Many schools have adopted the Early Years Learning Framework, part of the National Quality Framework for Early Childhood ...
Dubois obtained her MSc in Mechanical Engineering at Chalmers University of Technology with a specialisation in Industrial ... Organising Industrial Activities - An Analytical Framework. PhD thesis Chalmers University of Technology, 1994. Dubois, Anna. ... and Director of Chalmers Transport Area of Advance. She is best known for her work with Lars-Erik Gadde on case study research ... An analytical framework" under guidance of Håkan Håkansson. Dubois spends her academic career at Chalmers University of ...
The DOH has different bureaus, all of which have different areas of specialization, these are the Bureau of Health Devices and ... The DOH has recently implemented the Philippines eHealth Strategic Framework and Plan (2013-2017). This focuses on the ... The Philippines have an actual forest cover at 6.5 million hectares (ha) or 24% of the total land area. A lot of Filipinos rely ... A Research and Development Plan was also formulated to examine and determine which areas of research needed attention and must ...
Therefore; a credit-point system was introduced for particular specialization. The promotion of mobility had the goal to reach ... For them, lifelong learning and promoting the European higher education area is their primary concern, they also believe that ... globalization may also lead to an erosion of national regulatory frameworks for education. In a globalized environment where ... the national character of educational frameworks will potentially cause problems. ...
Framework. Models. Construct. ion Process. Mobility. Accreditation. Identify Temporal Scope. Identify Focus Areas. Does ... Transcript of Solving the Specialization Puzzle. Solving the specialization puzzle. ... For example, the range of services provided by a certificant may narrow over time due to concentration in a specialized area of ... 4 Units in each Competency Area. 12 Units at an advanced level. 1 Psychokinetic exercise. within 4 years. Continuing Education ...
What do auto(un)boxing, specialization and value classes have in common?. Late Data Layout presentation at the Scala Bay Area ... scala-miniboxing.org ScalaTeam @ EPFL • Pickling framework and Spores - support for distributed programming - Heather Miller/ ... 44 scala-miniboxing.org Specialization Specialization identity(5) * 45 scala-miniboxing.org Specialization Specialization ... specialization * 40 scala-miniboxing.org Specialization Specialization def identity[T](t: T): T = t def identity(t: Object): ...
His areas of specialization are cognitive science and theoretical linguistics.. [Main publications]. ヵ"Phase cycles in service ... of projection-free syntax", Phases: Developing the framework , Mouton de Gruyter. ヵ"Gengo o meguru nani to naze - Seisei bunpou ...
Identification of regional areas for the National Development Framework. Project Report. Welsh Government. ... Smart specialization in a centralized state: strengthening the regional contribution in North East Romania. European Planning ... Identification of regional areas for the National Development Framework. Project Report. Welsh Government. ... Smart specialization in a centralized state: strengthening the regional contribution in North East Romania. European Planning ...
Students can select areas of specialization within the framework of conservation biology. Every faculty member serves as ... in Biology with a Concentration in Ecology and Systematic Biology can select areas of specialization within the framework of ... Programs in this area reflect the fact that marine biology is a meeting place for all the biological sciences and some of the ... The Bay Area is one of the worlds largest centers for the biotechnology industry. The majors in cell and molecular biology and ...
Study of the development and character of specialization of brain areas for particular cognitive, perceptual, affective, and ... studies in nonhuman primates of the neural regions governing higher cognitive functions within a biological framework. ... such as the operations performed by a particular brain area and the system of distributed, discrete neural areas supporting a ... clarifying thereby the functions of those areas. (For instance, do brain areas compromised by Parkinsons Disease support non- ...
Select a functional specialization or graduate certificate in areas including supply chain management, business analytics or ... Provides a framework for the basic role of financial accounting in business organizations and in the global economy. Focus is ... Students may then select one of two elective paths in their functional specialization based on their area of interest. ... Functional Specializations. Expand all. Finance. Focus in one of two highly specialized paths of financial management expertise ...
The Heartland Area Education Agency in Iowa is helping school districts adopt the framework as good instructional practice. ... The instructional framework is more commonly used with younger students, but shows promise in secondary school, educators say. ... The educational framework promises to raise achievement through modification of lesson plans based on frequent "progress ... an instructional framework that many educators say offers promise for treating children with learning difficulties before they ...
Areas of Specialization. 1. Blast waves and Explosions - Published research studies in gas dynamics ... Analysis of results within a framework of wave propagation theory. ...
UCIS also coordinates centers for area studies and centers on topical specializations in international studies. Within UCIS, ... This center provides a university-wide framework for students, faculty, other scholars who have an interest in international ... UCIS encompasses centers for area studies and centers on topical specializations in international studies. It coordinates ...
The specialisation Industrial Technologies provides students with competences for the analysis, development, manufacture, use ... Focus Areas: OpenFOAMTM framework, Compressible flows in turbomachinery applications, Heat transfer applications, Numerical ... MSE specialization in Industrial Technologies Development of innovative and sustainable industrial products The specialisation ... Focus Areas: Mechanics, materials technology, microtechnology, sensors. Competence Centre: Mechanical Systems. To the Personal ...
The focal area in theory uses analytic frameworks to understand how the social world works and how social structures and ... This focal area deals with the movement of people, goods, capital, ideas, political-economic systems, and cultures across ... Research in this area encompasses a range of theories, methods, and insights for understanding population processes, social ... Faculty in this focal group have interest in the sociological studies of education and family, in the areas of education ...
In the specialization, data analysis and presentation skills. The PWC approach. ,, In this first course you took part in a high ... You heard from some of our PWC leaders in the area and learned how they applied data and analytics to solve real client issues ... Youll also be introduced to a framework for conducting Data Analysis and what tools and techniques are commonly used. Finally ... We also hope that you continue on with the full specialization. Data analysis and presentation skills the PWC approach, where ...
Area(s) of Specialization: Inference, Mixed Models, Sampling, Longitudinal Data Analysis, Cluster Randomized Trials ... The connection is via the role of identifiable units in the two frameworks. The theoretical development allows the increased ... This research involves connecting two different areas in statistics, finite population sampling (a mainstay of public health) ...
Mission: Providing a framework to improve your investing PROCESS, while collecting newsworthy information about trends in ... business, politics and tech areas.. Contact us: [email protected]. RECENT POSTS. * Crescat Capital: The Reckoning Is Upon Us ... with Samsung impressing both critics and consumers with the high-spec phablet. But Samsung fans will be hoping for even more ...
Students can select areas of specialization within the framework of conservation biology. This concentration is tailored by ... The areas of emphasis in this concentration are: conservation, evolution and population biology of rare and endangered species ...
NET framework components and other areas. This chapter provides a comprehensive survey of the concepts of the tool and their ... The second generation of this tool set, Spec Explorer, deployed in 2004, is now used on a daily basis by Microsoft product ... Grieskamp, W., Kicillof, N., Tillmann, N.: Action machines: a framework for encoding and composing partial behaviors. ... Model-Based Testing of Object-Oriented Reactive Systems with Spec Explorer. In: Hierons R.M., Bowen J.P., Harman M. (eds) ...
Career-Relevant Areas of Specialization. You can focus your studies in one of three areas to best meet your educational and ... Consideration is also given to the Canadian and Ontario health-care systems, and the policy framework that underpins the ...
Contact the SPEC office to order a copy or use the online product order inquiry form Q44: How do I contact SPEC for more ... Please see the answers that follow for areas not covered by SPECjbb2000. Q6: Does SPECjbb2000 represent real applications? A6: ... SPECjbb2000 models the business logic and object caches that make up the middle tier of these frameworks. The emulation of the ... Q4: Why did SPEC decide to develop SPECjbb2000? A4: SPEC has an existing Java client benchmark, SPECjvm98, and wanted to offer ...
4. What Is Their Specialization. Specialization is the area in which they have a stronghold. Do they develop good CRM ... This is the reason why enterprises need to know what frameworks and technologies are used by the company or developer that they ... There are many new technologies and app development frameworks and languages in the industry. The thing is that all of them ... Hire iPhone developers or development companies that have specialization in developing your type of app. ...
ACC, accuracy; SENS, sensitivity; SPEC, specificity; PPV, positive predictive value; NPV, negative predictive value; AUC, area ... A leave-one-out cross-validation (LOOCV) framework was used to perform pattern classification analysis in the training set. In ... Figure 3 Areas under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves in the training set (A) and validation set (B). ... Focusing on the ROIs from the two-sample t-test is equivalent to initially screening out areas that may be distinguishable, so ...
... we want to focus on these two areas: * how well are gestures being recognized and parsed by the engine? * how are users finding ... Open Input Framework Gesture Algorithm and Definition Tuning for Natty Registered by Duncan McGreggor on 2010-09-28 ... In particular, we want to focus on these two areas:. * how well are gestures being recognized and parsed by the engine?. * how ...
Within the Army framework, professionals are trained for years and develop areas of specialization. These areas of ... The core professional functions of the Army include developing expertise in key areas of strategic specialization, anticipating ... Capability Area to Accept Risk:. Similar to most of the countrys military operations, the Air Force has experienced a period ... One area where the business world stands to dramatically improve would be to adapt military supply chain techniques to improve ...
4. integrate advanced communication skills within a legal and ethical framework related to complex clinical issues in area of ... They may contain a range of majors/streams for students to choose from to pursue learning in a specialised area of study. ... Students specialisation is linked to their employment and focuses on the development of leadership, critical thinking and ... Curtin Home , Handbook , Courses , Graduate Diploma in Clinical Specialisation GD-CLSPEC v.1 Graduate Diploma in Clinical ...
An Analysis of Knowledge Areas in Industrial Engineering and Management Curriculum - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text ... develop a framework to identify and analyse IEM the last years in specific disciplines (or specialization).. curriculum ... knowledge areas. The results were also validated The lack of a standard framework of IEM Specific Areas. across the set of IEM ... group of areas were used, one aggregated and another one for IEM specific areas. This framework. revealed to be useful for ...
  • Following the successful completion of their studies, graduates of the Industrial Technologies specialisation have a wide range of professional career opportunities open to them, both within Switzerland and internationally. (hslu.ch)
  • It focuses on the development of clinical leadership, promotion and integration of evidence-based nursing practice in the specialisation to foster the development of graduates consistent with the profile of the nurse specialist, offering the advanced-level nurse further clinical skills and an opportunity to extend career options. (edu.au)
  • Depending on the specialisation undertaken, graduates will be able to enter a wide range of professional careers including Intensive Care Paramedic and Extended Care Paramedic. (edu.au)
  • The study of specialised subjects is continually supplemented by further deepening of theoretical, construction and technical knowledge in such a way that graduates can deal with the issues specific to the field at a higher level and thus gain specialised knowledge with understanding within the widest possible context, and at the needed level of quality for them to find employment in their area of specialisation in industry. (vutbr.cz)
  • Graduates who have the required administrative and managerial skills to resolve public problems with economic dimension and to make effective decisions and apply critical thinking in areas of leadership in the public and civil sectors. (birzeit.edu)
  • Graduates of the programme will have achieved the key scientific and professional working methods of their area of specialisation and will be able to continuously deepen their knowledge by acquiring, evaluating and processing scientific, technical and professional information. (masterstudies.com)
  • As a consecutive study program, the Master of Science in Engineering with specialisation in Industrial Technologies requires a successful completion of a Bachelor's degree in the area of electrical engineering and information technologies, mechanical- or energy engineering or equivalent. (hslu.ch)
  • In their final year students may choose, within the framework of the studied field and via the selection of a topic for their bachelor's thesis, a specialisation which allows them to further deepen their knowledge in the areas of Municipal Water Management, Landscape Water Management, and Water Structures. (vutbr.cz)
  • The real estate specialisation is oriented towards applicants with a Bachelor's degree in planning, urban economics, real estate or economics. (aalto.fi)
  • This focal area deals with the movement of people, goods, capital, ideas, political-economic systems, and cultures across national borders, the factors leading to such movement, as well as the outcomes of such movement. (syr.edu)
  • University education has been progressively adapting to the concepts proposed by the Qualification Framework for the European Higher Education Area [ 2 ] and the Italian Qualification Framework for the Higher Education [ 1 ], with the latter defining the learning outcomes of the Italian first-cycle degree courses and second-cycle degree courses. (hindawi.com)
  • It offers seven areas of specialization for undergraduates: Communication and Information Technology Policy Development Studies Human Rights International Studies Public Policy and Administration Social Policy Strategic Public Opinion And Policy Analysis The Master's of Political Management is a ten-month program which includes a ten-week internship in a minister's or a members' office. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gain advanced skills and experience with a master's degree in management with a specialization in interdisciplinary studies. (umuc.edu)
  • The curriculum for the master's degree in management with a specialization in interdisciplinary studies in management has been crafted, reviewed, and updated by a team of advisors and industry experts to ensure that what you learn aligns with trends in the workplace today. (umuc.edu)
  • The instructional framework is more commonly used with younger students, but shows promise in secondary school, educators say. (edweek.org)
  • This center provides a university-wide framework for students, faculty, other scholars who have an interest in international studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The specialisation Industrial Technologies provides students with competences for the analysis, development, manufacture, use and optimization of technical products such as machines, vehicles, apparatus, tools or plants. (hslu.ch)
  • Regarding the theoretical modules, the Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts offers the MSE as a cooperation Master in conjunction with other Swiss universities of applied sciences, allowing students to undertake a wider range of available modules and access to deeper and expertise in their specific interest areas. (hslu.ch)
  • When people- couples, coaches and athletes, managers and workers, parents and children, teachers and students- change to a growth mindset, they change from a judge-and-be-judged framework to a learn-and-help-learn framework. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • Although the members and topics of each seminar are completely different, I set a common framework and provide the following concepts to the students to help them act like an administrator or a manager of the seminar. (yomiuri.co.jp)
  • Students commence study in the Graduate Certificate in Clinical Specialisation. (edu.au)
  • They may contain a range of majors/streams for students to choose from to pursue learning in a specialised area of study. (edu.au)
  • Students' specialisation is linked to their employment and focuses on the development of leadership, critical thinking and clinical decision making. (edu.au)
  • Students pursue these courses according to their area of specialization. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small number of invited participants, representing diverse areas of ecology and some other disciplines, and several visiting scientists, postdocs, and graduate students from SFI attended. (ucsb.edu)
  • Sitting in on a Framework session as an early career teacher in a high-poverty area, I became more aware of the resources I had and how to gauge those of my students. (ahaprocess.com)
  • Clinical specialization, although sometimes a bane in efforts to establish a holistic perspective of human beings, presents an opportunity for nursing students to learn about the critical link between theory and practice. (healio.com)
  • Within this general framework of European writing, the members of the team will draw the students' attention to literary works that are considered to have had profound influence on the development of European literature. (uclouvain.be)
  • The course aims to take advantage of the students' previous background and skills, and help each student further develop into their intended area of specialization. (hivolda.no)
  • Coursework in these areas enables students to identify and formulate a research focus and create and conduct original research toward the development of a program of scientific inquiry. (apu.edu)
  • Enable students to utilize frameworks for understanding sources of knowledge in nursing, modes of inquiry, and models of scholarship. (apu.edu)
  • Empower students with the knowledge base and ethical framework to promote social change. (apu.edu)
  • These areas reflect the changing trends in health care and accommodate the diverse research interest of students. (apu.edu)
  • The framework of this text teaches students that engineers apply physical and chemical laws and principles as well as mathematics to design, test, and supervise the production of millions of parts, products, and services that people use every day. (johnsmith.co.uk)
  • and to develop the skills and the abilities of critical and innovative thinking in our students and enable them to develop innovative and creative solutions to what may face in their areas of specialization, and to prepare them for graduate studies. (birzeit.edu)
  • A specialisation may not be offered if the enrolment for a specialisation is less than 10 students of the enrolled students. (sibm.edu)
  • Students can advance their knowledge and expertise in areas such as Digital Marketing, Services Marketing, Brand Management, Sports & Entertainment Marketing and B2B Marketing. (sibm.edu)
  • A specialization in Finance is designed to provide students with a foundation in applied financial management. (sibm.edu)
  • The quantitative and analytic skills of the students are enhanced with a deep dive into contemporary areas like Derivatives, Financial Modeling and Financial Analytics. (sibm.edu)
  • Human resource specialization provides students with the skills required for successful human capital management. (sibm.edu)
  • The course structure in this specialization, with subjects like Lean Six Sigma, Operations Analytics, Service Operations Management, Supply Chain Strategy and Enterprise Risk Management ensures that technological knowhow are integrated with current industrial practices to equip students to deliver beyond standard service levels for the businesses to grow further. (sibm.edu)
  • Analytics & Information Technology specialization aims at developing students for IT Businesses and its specialized streams. (sibm.edu)
  • This program enables students to gain in depth knowledge in the niche areas such Machine Learning, IoT, Data Visualization, Mobile Analytics, Social Media Analytics, IT analysis, Security Management, and other areas, where industry has a constant demand for people with such expertise. (sibm.edu)
  • The students can use the skills acquired to work closely within their company and identify real problem to solve by adopting innovative framework and approaches. (sibm.edu)
  • With knowledge in subjects like Design Thinking, Creativity & Innovation, Product Design, Business Modelling & Planning, Venture & Private Equity Funding, students learn how to employ a business-design framework that includes identifying new business opportunities based on market needs, designing and testing breakthrough concepts and developing a viable business plan for their new ventures. (sibm.edu)
  • The aim of this study is to analyse four IEM curriculum programs in Europe based on a classification of courses by areas of knowledge. (scribd.com)
  • This study also emphasizes the importance of a structured framework for characterization of IEM programs, enabling benchmarking exercises, and facilitating the dialogue between academia and the profession of IEM. (scribd.com)
  • While social movements have emerged throughout the history of Indian society and culture, their study in a sociological framework is recent. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • It was also pointed out that the study of social movements which was the preserve of the historians, came to be established as an area of specialization in sociology. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • This course-based program will enable you to examine philosophical orientations, conceptual frameworks, and research methodologies relevant to the study of Canadian Education. (uwindsor.ca)
  • In our study area, the upper part of the formation is characterized by only red shale and oligo- to polymictic conglomerates with dominant ophiolite clasts. (springer.com)
  • The study involved desk study reviews of the related literature on OWTS, an audit survey of 245 OWTS in the residential area of the city, a public policy survey of OWTS in Port Harcourt city, a public health risk assessment, field observations and investigations. (iwaponline.com)
  • This framework recognizes the importance of applying our understanding of normal developmental processes to the study, the prevention, and the treatment of psychopathological conditions. (uno.edu)
  • In order to study critical brain specializations in a comparative framework, we use a 'common space' approach that can account for both shared and distinct features across species. (brams.org)
  • Phenomenology, Organizational Politics, and IT Design: The Social Study of Information Systems offers a new look at the latest research and critical issues within the field of information systems by creating solid theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical findings of social developments. (igi-global.com)
  • The Heartland Area Education Agency in Iowa is helping school districts adopt the framework as good instructional practice. (edweek.org)
  • Through a series of videos, readings, assessments, a practice simulation, and a course project, you explored key topic areas in data and analytics. (coursera.org)
  • Prospective applicants should have a minimum of 12 months experience in a specialist area of practice. (edu.au)
  • The Master of Science in Nursing with a specialization in Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) degree program is designed to prepare advanced practice nurses for the current and evolving primary healthcare system. (southuniversity.edu)
  • This unit provides a framework for understanding the links between knowledge and practice. (edu.au)
  • Therefore, the difference between failed and successful OWTS practice is in the adequacy and level of implementation of the relevant and related sanitation policies and legal framework ( USEPA 2005 ). (iwaponline.com)
  • The connection is via the role of identifiable units in the two frameworks. (umass.edu)
  • In 2016, average livestock density in the EU reached 0.8 livestock units per hectare of agricultural area, ranging from 0.2 in Bulgaria to 3.8 in the Netherlands. (europa.eu)
  • In 2016, the livestock density in the EU-28 reached 0.8 livestock units (LSU) per hectare of utilised agricultural area (UAA) . (europa.eu)
  • This is an illustration of the framework showing five domains of mental health functioning that can be investigated over multiple units of analysis, from neuro systems to behavioral dimensions. (nih.gov)
  • Vetting within CSREES was accomplished as the program unit representatives reviewed the Problem Areas that included the major activities or interests of their respective units. (docplayer.net)
  • This is one of the least explored areas of resilience research, yet experience demonstrates it is of vital significance when governmental capacity to act is stretched to its limits. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • This research involves connecting two different areas in statistics, finite population sampling (a mainstay of public health) and Bayesian approaches for inference. (umass.edu)
  • Research in this area encompasses a range of theories, methods, and insights for understanding population processes, social structures, inequalities, and lived experiences across a range of geographic scales in the U.S. and internationally. (syr.edu)
  • This key application area encompasses TU Berlin's research activities in the field of energy technology, aspects of new energy policies, climate change, water supply, and how best to handle our limited resources in general. (tu-berlin.de)
  • This is an area of ongoing research at SFI. (ucsb.edu)
  • Process Michael provides training and consulting services for A Framework for Understanding Poverty, Emotional Poverty, Research-Based Strategies, and How the African-American Experience Affects the Classroom and Strategies for Success. (ahaprocess.com)
  • As noted by the third external evaluation , these research areas are defined as excellent because of the quantity and quality of research output & their ability to acquire highly competitive external research funding. (uni.lu)
  • The purpose of the webinar is to emphasize the central role of neurodevelopment within the neuro RDoC framework and provide examples of how some investigators are using the RDoC framework in their research on children and adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • 2 Preface This document reflects the collective work of the CSREES Program Classification Steering Committee and the Knowledge Area Classification System Working Group, undertaken over a nearly three-year period to develop a viable, enduring, and stable subject content classification scheme for use in characterizing federally-funded, CSREES-administered research, education, and extension activities for the purpose of enabling budget and accountability reporting and integration. (docplayer.net)
  • The Knowledge Areas reflect greatly expanded definitions, additional codes, and other enhancements to accommodate the broad focus of research, higher education, and extension work sponsored by the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service. (docplayer.net)
  • This course, Advanced Machine Learning and Signal Processing, is part of the IBM Advanced Data Science Specialization which IBM is currently creating and gives you easy access to the invaluable insights into Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning Models used by experts in many field relevant disciplines. (coursera.org)
  • This framework revealed to be useful for curriculum analysis and the results show that the four program curricula have a comparable weight of specialization area of IEM and that Production Management is the specific area with the larger weight in all programs. (scribd.com)
  • courses can be made more interesting through the The last decade (2000-2010) was marked by changes transformation of curricula and pedagogy using such in European higher education area related to Bologna information and experience in more activity - project process demands: new structures and tools, quality and problem-based learning, just-in-time approaches assurance, social dimension, student mobility, lifelong and hands-on application, and less formulaic learning and employability . (scribd.com)
  • Substantive and Procedural Aspects (4 ECTS credits): The first part of this course gives a broad introduction to the general framework for foreign direct investment (FDI) and Multinational Enterprises (MNE), in particular by studying key questions resulting from bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and multilateral initiatives such as NAFTA Chapter 11 of the OECD's project for a Multilateral Investment Agreement (MAI). (unil.ch)
  • You'll begin with core courses that build the framework for analysis of business problems and data-driven decision-making. (sc.edu)
  • Furthermore, the relative weight of areas was computed based on courses credits. (scribd.com)
  • The Italian university system includes first-cycle degrees (Degree, Laurea, L) and second-cycle degrees (Magister Degree, Laurea Magistrale, LM) and thereafter advanced training courses, masters, specialization courses, and Ph.D.'s [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Whatever your area of focus, organizational leadership masters programs work on balancing the needs of your team with the demands of the organization. (gradschools.com)
  • These are only a few of many potential specializations within organizational leadership. (gradschools.com)
  • This formalizes their knowledge of overcoming real world business challenges through a deeper understanding of general and specialization subjects which help them fine tune their leadership acumen along with technical and behavioral skills. (sibm.edu)
  • YMCA program officer Lawrence Fahnbulleh said the Youth Power Space is in support of agenda 2063, signed by member states of the African Union (AU) in 2016, as a framework guiding Africa's development in the next 50 years. (liberianobserver.com)
  • For the EU-28 as a whole, the grazing livestock density in 2016 remained at 1.0 LSU of grazing livestock per hectare of fodder area (Figure 1). (europa.eu)
  • The same three countries recorded the highest densities of grazing livestock in 2016, with 2.7 grazing LSU/ha fodder area in the Netherlands, 2.5 LSU/ha in Malta and 2.4 LSU/ha in Belgium. (europa.eu)
  • The South University College of Nursing Master of Science in Nursing with a specialization in Family Nurse Practitioner degree program meets the Core Competencies for Family Nurse Practitioners outlined by the National Organization for Nurse Practitioner Faculties (NONPF). (southuniversity.edu)
  • The Knowledge Area Classification System Working Group broadened this work, refining the codes and descriptions in response to recommended modifications from Agency staff and university partners. (docplayer.net)
  • Based on strong institutionaliszed links with the PA Coordinators and the PA Steering Groups, a consortium of 19 partners from all over the region proposes to support the policy dialogue within the EUSDR, to exchange with other regional policy initiatives and to enhance bi-regional dialogue with a focus on the implementation of the 'Innovation Union' and the ERA Framework. (europa.eu)
  • They may gain employment in design or construction firms, in the area of public administration or in other similar specialised or technical areas. (vutbr.cz)
  • For example, the range of services provided by a certificant may narrow over time due to concentration in a specialized area of service, and the certificant's range of competence may narrow. (prezi.com)
  • The one-year MBA helps you enhance your career through focus in a specialized concentration area. (sc.edu)
  • The overarching rubric of the curriculum is wellness promotion and health maintenance within which specific areas of concentration have been identified. (apu.edu)
  • In developing this benchmark, SPEC worked toward a relatively flat method profile to avoid overly good optimization candidates. (spec.org)
  • UCIS encompasses centers for area studies and centers on topical specializations in international studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • This key application area encompasses innovations in the material sciences utilizing a holistic examination of the production systems and development lines needed to manufacture marketable products, both vertically starting with the initial idea and ending with the finished product, as well as horizontally across various products and resources and including recycling issues. (tu-berlin.de)
  • This and other insights provide a new framework for understanding what causes autism and related disorders. (nih.gov)
  • We provide a description of the shale outcrops with emphasis on the shale dike and its structural framework which includes the kinematic analysis of associated faults. (springer.com)
  • You can focus your studies in one of three areas to best meet your educational and career goals. (wlu.ca)
  • Studying the institutional framework as well as the structures, functions, and processes of public sector organizations as it relates to economic matters through a multi-dimensional lens, which affords the student to build institutional and professional capabilities with an economic focus, which will help elevate the performance of the Palestinian public sector, especially in the economic arena. (birzeit.edu)
  • Risk management masters programs focus on using data and assessment frameworks to make good decisions. (gradschools.com)
  • The focus of marketing specialization is on imparting knowledge and skill set needed to understand, interpret and apply marketing concepts in live corporate scenarios. (sibm.edu)
  • It certifies that candidates have acquired advanced language skills and corresponds to the fourth level (B2) of the six-level scale of competence laid down in the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). (goethe.de)
  • This project explores healing justice, an assortment of frameworks and practices that offer holistic recovery from the psycho-spiritual and physical health consequences of oppression-linked health threats. (seattleu.edu)
  • Each description includes a short paragraph broadly describing the work included in the Knowledge Area, along with examples of types of work included and examples of related work that may fit better under other codes. (docplayer.net)
  • Because the Topics and Knowledge Areas are broad and inclusive, users are urged to become familiar with the entire coding scheme before assigning codes for specific work. (docplayer.net)
  • Examples of work for inclusion are provided below the descriptor as Areas of work include but are not limited to. (docplayer.net)
  • continue, expand and refocus the Watify campaign, - support Europe's regions in translating their smart specialisation strategies in the area of key enabling technologies (KETs) into concrete projects. (europa.eu)
  • Faculty in this area draw on a variety of methodological approaches, interdisciplinary literatures, and theoretical perspectives to interrogate the relationship between the state and capital, the impacts and implications of social policies, and the punitive as well as the productive effects of power throughout society. (syr.edu)
  • Between 2003 and 2004 the 24-member Program Classification Steering Committee identified Problem Areas that reflect the broadened scope of classification to include education and extension activities. (docplayer.net)
  • The National Science Foundation announces the area of Cognitive Neuroscience within the Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences in the Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences. (nsf.gov)
  • Consideration is also given to the Canadian and Ontario health-care systems, and the policy framework that underpins the provision of health and social services to specific communities and to the broader population. (wlu.ca)
  • In this article, we discuss the role of rostral prefrontal cortex (approximating Brodmann Area 10) in two domains relevant to education: executive function (particularly prospective memory, our ability to realize delayed intentions) and social cognition (particularly our ability to reflect on our own mental states and the mental states of others). (ed.gov)
  • As an essential partner, the Norwegian Medical Association takes a dynamic part in the improvement of the social insurance framework in Norway. (omicsonline.org)