Ardisia: A plant genus of the family MYRSINACEAE. Members contain ardisiacrispins (oleanane triterpenoid saponins), ardicrenin, and cyclamiretin.Myrsinaceae: A plant family of the order Primulales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Croton Oil: Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Northern Territory: Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Queensland: A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)Western Australia: A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Orobanche: A plant genus of the family OROBANCHACEAE. Lacking chlorophyll, they are nonphotosynthetic parasitic plants. The common name is similar to Broom or Scotch Broom (CYTISUS) or Butcher's Broom (RUSCUS) or Desert Broom (BACCHARIS) or Spanish Broom (SPARTIUM) or Brome (BROMUS).Hematemesis: Vomiting of blood that is either fresh bright red, or older "coffee-ground" in character. It generally indicates bleeding of the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Catalogs, LibraryAmaranth Dye: A sulfonic acid-based naphthylazo dye used as a coloring agent for foodstuffs and medicines and as a dye and chemical indicator. It was banned by the FDA in 1976 for use in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Catalogs as Topic: Ordered compilations of item descriptions and sufficient information to afford access to them.Dissertations, Academic as Topic: Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Saudi ArabiaForensic Sciences: Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.Hospitals, University: Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Juniperus: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. The species are slow growing coniferous evergreen trees or shrubs.Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.Cottonseed Oil: Oil obtained from the seeds of Gossypium herbaceum L., the cotton plant. It is used in dietary products such as oleomargarine and many cooking oils. Cottonseed oil is commonly used in soaps and cosmetics.Cupressus: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE. Cypress ordinarily refers to this but also forms part of the name of plants in other genera.Goats: Any of numerous agile, hollow-horned RUMINANTS of the genus Capra, in the family Bovidae, closely related to the SHEEP.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Alice in Wonderland Syndrome: Neurological condition characterized by disturbances in VISUAL PERCEPTION, most often of BODY SCHEMA, TIME PERCEPTION and HALLUCINATIONS. It is associated with MIGRAINE, infections (e.g., INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS), FEVER, EPILEPSY, and other neurological and psychiatric disorders.Abbreviations as Topic: Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Hot Springs: Habitat of hot water naturally heated by underlying geologic processes. Surface hot springs have been used for BALNEOLOGY. Underwater hot springs are called HYDROTHERMAL VENTS.Happiness: Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.Progressive Patient Care: Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Building Codes: Standards or regulations for construction which are designed to ensure safety against electrical hazards, fires, etc.Pest Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.Bedbugs: Bugs of the family CIMICIDAE, genus Cimex. They are flattened, oval, reddish insects which inhabit houses, wallpaper, furniture, and beds. C. lectularius, of temperate regions, is the common bedbug that attacks humans and is frequently a serious pest in houses, hotels, barracks, and other living quarters. Experiments have shown that bedbugs can transmit a variety of diseases, but they are not normal vectors under natural conditions. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p272)Public Housing: Housing subsidized by tax funds, usually intended for low income persons or families.Health Impact Assessment: Combination of procedures, methods, and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.Cockroaches: Insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, BLATTELLIDAE, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach PERIPLANETA americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Motion: Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.Motion Perception: The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.New Brunswick: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NOVA SCOTIA; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Fredericton. It was named in honor of King George III, of the House of Hanover, also called Brunswick. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p828 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)Methanobacteriales: An order of anaerobic, coccoid to rod-shaped methanogens, in the kingdom EURYARCHAEOTA. They are nonmotile, do not catabolize carbohydrates, proteinaceous material, or organic compounds other than formate or carbon monoxide, and are widely distributed in nature.

Ardisiphenols and other antioxidant principles from the fruits of Ardisia colorata. (1/9)

Novel alkylphenols, ardisiphenols A-C (1-3) and a novel bergenin derivative, demethoxybergenin (10) were isolated from the fruits of Ardisia colorata (Myrsinaceae), together with known alkylresorcinols (4-6), embelin (7), myricetin (8), quercetin (9), bergenin (11), norbergenin (12), kaempferol (13), quercetin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (14) and gallic acid (15). Their structures were determined by NMR, MS(/MS) analyses and other spectroscopic methods. Ardisiphenols showed moderate scavenging activities toward 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and showed cytotoxicity against the murine breast cancer cell line, FM3A.  (+info)

Ardisimamillosides G and H, two new triterpenoid saponins from Ardisia mamillata. (2/9)

Two new triterpenoid saponins, ardisimamilloside G (1), 3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-[beta-D-glucop yranosyl-(1-->2)]-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl]-13beta,28-epoxy-16-oxo-oleanan-3beta, 30-diol and ardisimamilloside H (2), 3-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-L-arabin opyranosyl]-3beta-hydroxy-13beta,28-epoxy-16-oxo-oleanan-30-al, were isolated from the roots of Ardisia mamillata HANCE. Structure assignments were established on the basis of spectral data and chemical evidence.  (+info)

Triterpenoid saponins from Ardisia gigantifolia. (3/9)

Four new triterpenoid saponins (1-4) were isolated from the rhizome of Ardisia gigantifolia STAPF. The structures of new saponins were established as 3beta-o-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->3)-[beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->2)]-beta-D-glu copyranosyl-(1-->4)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)]-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-16al pha-hydroxy-13,28-epoxy-oleanane (1), 3beta-o-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->3)-[beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->2)]-beta-D-glu copyranosyl-(1-->4)-[beta-D-glucopyrano-syl-(1-->2)]-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-16a lpha-hydroxy-13,28-epoxy-30-acetoxy-oleanane (2), 3beta-o-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->3)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-beta-D-xyl opyranosyl-(1-->2)]-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-[beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)] -alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-16alpha-hydroxy-13,28-epoxy-oleanane (3) and 3beta-o-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->3)-[beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->2)]-beta-D-glu copyranosyl-(1-->4)-[beta-D-6-O-acetylglucopranosyl-(1-->2)]-alpha-L-arabinopyran osyl-16alpha-hydroxy-13,28-epoxy-oleanane (4) were isolated from Ardisia gigantifolia STAPF. Their structures were elucidated by means of (1)H- and (13)C-NMR spectroscopic studies, including 2D-NMR technique. The cytotoxic activities of saponins 1-4 are reported against three human cancer cell lines, namely, Hela human cervical carcinoma cells, EJ human bladder tumor cells, and BCG-823 human gastric carcinoma cells.  (+info)

Suppression of DMBA/croton oil-induced mouse skin tumor promotion by Ardisia Crispa root hexane extract. (4/9)

Ardisia crispa (Family: Myrsinaceae) has been used as a traditional medicine for various ailments. Previous studies showed that Ardisia crispa possesses antimetastatic and anti-inflammatory properties. Nevertheless, research done on the plant is still limited. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the suppression effect of Ardisia crispa root hexane (ACRH) extract on 7, 12-dimethylbenz (alpha) anthracene (DMBA)-induced mice skin tumor promotion in ICR mice with topical application twice weekly for 10 weeks. Results showed significant difference between treatment groups (mice treated with 30 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg of ACRH extract; denoted as group I, II and III respectively) for tumor incidence and tumor burden (P<0.05). Significant reduction in tumor incidence (20%), tumor burden (1.5 +/- 0.50), tumor volume (2.49 +/- 1.70) and delayed latency period of tumor formation was observed in group I (30 mg/kg) in comparison to carcinogen control. This study indicates that ACRH extract could be a promising skin tumor promotion suppressing agent at a lower dosage (30 mg/kg). Further studies are required to elucidate the underlying mechanism(s) leading to this effect.  (+info)

Alkylphenols from the roots of Ardisia brevicaulis induce G1 arrest and apoptosis through endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway in human non-small-cell lung cancer cells. (5/9)

From the roots of Ardisia brevicaulis DIELS, two new alkylphenol derivatives, named ardisiphenol E (2) and F (3), have been isolated together with a known alkylphenol, ardisiphenol D (1). The structures of 1-3 were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic techniques. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited strong cytotoxicities on two human non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines (H1299 and A549). We found that compounds 1 and 2 upregulated mRNA and protein expressions of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), binding immunoglobulin protein (Bip) and inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) indicating 1 and 2 are novel natural ER stress inducers. Treatments with 1 and 5 microM of 1 or 2 triggered G1 arrest in H1299 and A549 cells with concomitant downregulation of ubiquitin fusion degradation protein 1 (Ufd1) and S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (Skp2) proteins and the accumulation of p27, the key axes of ER stress-mediated G1 arrest. Compounds 1 and 2 also induced apoptosis at high concentrations (10, 20 microM) which was shown to be coupled with the upregulation of CHOP and Bim, the activation of caspase-9, caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. These results indicate that compounds 1 and 2 induce ER stress that subsequently causes G1 arrest and apoptosis in human non-small-cell lung cancer cells and they may have potential anticancer effects.  (+info)

Anti-tumor effect of Ardisia crispa hexane fraction on 7, 12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene-induced mouse skin papillomagenesis. (6/9)

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The hexane fraction of Ardisia crispa Thunb. A. DC. roots inhibits inflammation-induced angiogenesis. (7/9)

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Complete plastid genome sequence of the basal asterid Ardisia polysticta Miq. and comparative analyses of asterid plastid genomes. (8/9)

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Define Ardisia. Ardisia synonyms, Ardisia pronunciation, Ardisia translation, English dictionary definition of Ardisia. Noun 1. Ardisia - tropical evergreen subshrubs to trees of Asia and Australasia to Americas genus Ardisia dicot genus, magnoliopsid genus - genus of...
Ardisia elliptica is an evergreen tree, also known as the shoebutton ardisia, native to the west coast of India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia and New Guinea. It is a prolific reproducer which has made it a successful invasive species in other locations in the tropics where it has been introduced as a garden ornamental. A. elliptica is a tropical understory shrub that can reach heights of up 5 meters. Undamaged plants in forest habitats are characterized by a single stem, producing short, perpendicular branches. Leaves are elliptic to elliptic-obovate, entire, leathery and alternate. Umbellate inflorescences develop in leaf axils of branch leaves. Petals are light pink. Fruits are drupes that first turn red as they mature and then deep purple / black. Pulp staining fingers a deep purple. Seeds are approximately spherical with a diameter of about 5 mm. Ardisia solanacea and Ardisia humilis are considered to be included in the single variable species Ardisia elliptica by some ...
54. Ardisia verbascifolia Mez in Engler, Pflanzenr. IV. 236 (Heft 9): 153. 1902. 长毛紫金牛 chang mao zi jin niu Ardisia villosoides E. Walker.. Subshrubs 15-30 cm tall, villous almost throughout. Rhizome creeping. Stems densely villous and tomentose when young. Petiole 1.5-3.5 cm, villous and tomentose; leaf blade broadly elliptic to broadly elliptic-ovate, 12-15(-22) × 5-8(-10) cm, papery, densely punctate, base obtuse to rounded, margin crenate, apex acute or acuminate; lateral veins ca. 15 on each side of midrib, ending in marginal glands, marginal vein present. Inflorescences terminal, axillary, or lateral, compound subumbellate or cymose bracts ca. 3 mm. Flowers pink, ca. 6 mm. Pedicel 6-10 mm. Sepals oblong-lanceolate to ligulate, ca. 6 mm, punctate and villous on both sides, apex acute. Petals ovate, punctate, glabrous, apex acute. Stamens somewhat shorter than petals; anthers narrowly lanceolate, punctate dorsally, apiculate. Pistil as long as or longer than petals; ovary ...
30. Ardisia virens Kurz, Forest Fl. Burma. 2: 575. 1877. 纽子果 niu zi guo Ardisia flaviflora C. Chen & D. Fang; A. maculosa Mez; A. maculosa var. symplocifolia C. Chen; A. oldhamii Mez; A. patens Mez; A. radians Hemsley & Mez; A. rectangularis Hayata; A. stellifera Pitard; A. tonkinensis Aug. de Candolle; A. virens var. annamensis Pitard; Bladhia oldhamii (Mez) Masamune; B. radians (Hemsley & Mez) Masamune; Tinus virens (Kurz) Kuntze.. Shrubs or small trees, 1-3 m tall. Branchlets subterete, 1-2 mm in diam., sparsely glandular papillate, early glabrescent. Petiole canaliculate, 1(-1.5) cm; leaf blade elliptic, lanceolate, or obovate, 9-26 × 2.5-5(-7) cm, papery, dull, glabrous or sometimes sparsely and minutely glandular papillate abaxially, base cuneate, margin crisped or undulate, with vascularized nodules, densely black punctate, apex acute to subacuminate; lateral veins 15-30 on each side of midrib, marginal vein evident. Inflorescences terminal compound umbels, glabrous, on specialized ...
The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.
Another Asian species that is becoming naturalised in moist areas, this shrub is distinguished by the crenate or scalloped margins of the leaves. The flowers are borne in axillary umbels on the underside of the leaves, petals are white to pink and the fruit is fleshy and bright red 5-8 mm diameter. These attractive fruits are dispersed by birds. Flowering summer. ...
Journal of Botany is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of botany.
Espécime: R. Aguilar F. 3142 Localidade: Costa Rica : Puntarenas Data da coleção: 1994-2-24 Determinado por: J. J. Pipoly, 2006 ...
Background: Many Ardisia types have been present to possess many bioactivities but their reproductive toxicity continues to be poorly explored. integrity). Outcomes: Significant results were the drop of still 17-AAG left epididymal sperm fertility to testis fat ratio and upsurge Rabbit Polyclonal to VANGL1. in %sperm morphological aberration from both cauda epididymis attained using the 10 mg/Kg BW dosage. Bottom line: The hexane remove from acquired significant influence on sperm fertility but with negligible influence on sperm morphology and viability. Swartz is one of the grouped family members Myrsinaceae. has 68 documented types in the Philippines [1] 60 which are endemic. They are mainly distributed in Mindoro Polilio Samar Panay Mindanao Palawan Leyte Biliran Nueva Ecija Laguna Bicol Ilocos Sur Ilocos Norte Sambali Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Cebu Agusan Pampanga Batangas Cagayan plus some the areas in Luzon. It really is referred to as Tagpo commonly. It really is discovered ...
The leaves of the coralberry (Ardisia crenata) contain the natural substance FR900359. Credit: Raphael Reher/Daniela Wenzel/Uni Bonn The coralberry could offer new hope for asthmatics. Researchers at the University of Bonn have extracted an active pharmaceutical ingredient from its leaves to combat asthma, a widespread respiratory disease. In mice, it […]
Blog post by bernieh - Just wanted to keep a record of my garden in flower through the seasons. Flowering through Summer (December to February): Acalypha in flower Ardisia
Gondos (Ardisia compressa Kunth) are an oft-overlooked endemic berry that grows prolifically in the cerro of Puerto Vallarta and Cabo Corrientes.
An alternative microRNA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation of GADD45A by p53 in human non-small-cell lung cancer cells Sci Rep 2017 [AGO2 ...
An alternative microRNA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation of GADD45A by p53 in human non-small-cell lung cancer cells Sci Rep 2017 [AGO2 ...
TLRs primarily known for the pathogen recognition and subsequent immune responses are being investigated for their pathogenic role in various chronic diseases. The recent reports correlating the microbial infections with chronic disorders such as atherosclerosis have lead to questions in relation to the role of microbial sensors such as TLR4 in an intriguing phenomenon of the inflammation-induced angiogenesis. This article focuses on the possible mechanisms involved in it.Toll like receptors (TLRs) comprise a large family of the pathogen-pattern recognition receptors (PPRR) originally identified in Drosophila in the mid 1990s as a Toll protein (1). In Drosophila, it was found to be involved in the resistance against fungal infections (2). The first human homolog for the Toll protein was described in 1997 (3). Since then, 13 mammalian homologs of the TLR family have been identified; including twelve in mice (TLR1-9 and TLR11-13) and ten in humans (TLR1-10). TLR 10 is a pseudogene in mice but is
Video articles in JoVE about macrophage activation include Assessment of Antibody-based Drugs Effects on Murine Bone Marrow and Peritoneal Macrophage Activation, Whole-cell MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry is an Accurate and Rapid Method to Analyze Different Modes of Macrophage Activation, Forward Genetics Screens Using Macrophages to Identify Toxoplasma gondii Genes Important for Resistance to IFN-γ-Dependent Cell Autonomous Immunity, Isolation, Characterization, and Purification of Macrophages from Tissues Affected by Obesity-related Inflammation, Metabolic Characterization of Polarized M1 and M2 Bone Marrow-derived Macrophages Using Real-time Extracellular Flux Analysis, Phenotypic Characterization of Macrophages from Rat Kidney by Flow Cytometry, Macrophage Cholesterol Depletion and Its Effect on the Phagocytosis of Cryptococcus neoformans, Neuron-Macrophage Co-cultures to Activate Macrophages Secreting Molecular Factors with Neurite Outgrowth Activity, Investigation of Macrophage
... : identification pictures (images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar species
Sox2 and Oct4 are transcription factors with the characteristics of regulating self-renewal and differentiation of embryonic stem cell. The aim of this study was to detect the expression of Sox2 and Oct4 and analyze their clinical significance in human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Expression of Sox2 and Oct4 were assayed in cancer tissues and their corresponding paracancerous tissues from 44 patients with NSCLC and 21 patients with benign tumors using immunohistochemistry, Western blot, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The correlation between the expression of Sox2 and Oct4 and tumor type, grade and prognosis and the utility of the two genes in discriminating between benign and malignant tumors were analyzed as well. The results showed that Sox2 and Oct4 positive staining was only seen in the nuclei of cancer cells but not in either the precancerous tissues or benign tumor tissues by immunohistochemistry (p | 0.01). Furthermore, in the lung cancer tissue, the positive
Bergenin alias Cuscutin is trihydroxybenzoic acid glycoside. It is the C-glycoside of 4-O-methyl gallic acid. It possesses an O-demethylated derivative called norbergenin. These are chemical compounds and drugs of Ayurveda, commonly known as Paashaanbhed. It shows a potent immunomodulatory effect. Bergenin can be isolated from Bergenia species like Bergenia ciliata and Bergenia ligulata, from rhizomes of Bergenia stracheyi. It is also found in the stem bark of Dryobalanops aromatica, in Ardisia elliptica and in Mallotus japonicus.
Discussion forum; Mailorder Flower Bulbs; Marang - Artocarpus odoratissimus; Marlberry - Ardisia escallonioides; Marrow - Cucurbita pepo; Maui Wormwood
1. Siegel R, Naishadham D, Jemal A. Cancer statistics, 2012. CA Cancer J Clin. 2012;62:10-29 2. Mehlen P, Puisieux A. Metastasis: a question of life or death. Nature reviews Cancer. 2006;6:449-458 3. Ramalingam SS, Owonikoko TK, Khuri FR. Lung cancer: new biological insights and recent therapeutic advances. CA Cancer J Clin. 2011;61:91-112 4. Iorio MV, Croce CM. MicroRNA dysregulation in cancer: diagnostics, monitoring and therapeutics. A comprehensive review. EMBO Mol Med. 2012;4:143-159 5. Engels BM, Hutvagner G. Principles and effects of microRNA-mediated post-transcriptional gene regulation. Oncogene. 2006;25:6163-6169 6. Van Rooij E, Purcell AL, Levin AA. Developing microRNA therapeutics. Circ Res. 2012;110:496-507 7. Kosaka N, Takeshita F, Yoshioka Y. et al. Therapeutic Application of MicroRNAs in Cancer. RNA Interference from Biology to Therapeutics. Advances in Delivery Science and Technology. 2013:299-314 8. Valencia-Sanchez MA, Liu J, Hannon GJ. et al. Control of translation and mRNA ...
Video articles in JoVE about interleukin 10 include Assessment of Antibody-based Drugs Effects on Murine Bone Marrow and Peritoneal Macrophage Activation, Generation of Immature, Mature and Tolerogenic Dendritic Cells with Differing Metabolic Phenotypes, A Preclinical Mouse Model of Osteosarcoma to Define the Extracellular Vesicle-Mediated Communication Between Tumor and Mesenchymal Stem Cells, In Vitro and In Vivo Assessment of T, B and Myeloid Cells Suppressive Activity and Humoral Responses from Transplant Recipients, Production and Administration of Therapeutic Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cell (MSC) Spheroids Primed in 3-D Cultures Under Xeno-free Conditions, Development of Recombinant Proteins to Treat Chronic Pain, Visualization of IL-22-expressing Lymphocytes Using Reporter Mice, Analyzing the Functions of Mast Cells In Vivo Using Mast Cell Knock-in Mice, Preparation of Tumor Antigen-loaded Mature Dendritic Cells for Immunotherapy, An In Vitro Model for Measuring Immune
Lifshitz, L; Tabak, G; Mittelman, M; Gassmann, M; Neumann, D (2010). Macrophages as novel targets for erythropoietin. Haematologica, 95(11):1823-1831.. Katz, O; Stuible, M; Golishevski, N; Lifshitz, L; Tremblay, M; Gassmann, M; Mittelman, M; Neumann, D (2010). Erythropoietin treatment leads to reduced blood glucose levels and body mass: Insights from murine models. Journal of Endocrinology, 205(1):87-95.. Avneon, M; Lifshitz, L; Katz, O; Prutchi-Sagiv, S; Gassmann, M; Mittelman, M; Neumann, D (2009). Non-erythroid effects of erythropoietin: Are neutrophils a target? Leukemia Research, 33(10):1430-1432.. Lifshitz, L; Prutchi-Sagiv, S; Avneon, M; Gassmann, M; Mittelman, M; Neumann, D (2009). Non-erythroid activities of erythropoietin: Functional effects on murine dendritic cells. Molecular Immunology, 46(4):713-721.. Katz, O; Gil, L; Lifshitz, L; Prutchi-Sagiv, S; Gassmann, M; Mittelman, M; Neumann, D (2007). Erythropoietin enhances immune responses in mice. European Journal of Immunology, ...
Venous malformations (VMs) are composed of ectatic veins with scarce smooth muscle cell coverage. Activating mutations in the endothelial cell tyrosine kinase receptor TIE2 are a common cause of these lesions. VMs cause deformity, pain, and local intravascular coagulopathy, and they expand with time. Targeted pharmacological therapies are not available for this condition. Here, we generated a model of VMs by injecting HUVECs expressing the most frequent VM-causing TIE2 mutation, TIE2-L914F, into immune-deficient mice. TIE2-L914F-expressing HUVECs formed VMs with ectatic blood-filled channels that enlarged over time. We tested both rapamycin and a TIE2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TIE2-TKI) for their effects on murine VM expansion and for their ability to inhibit mutant TIE2 signaling. Rapamycin prevented VM growth, while TIE2-TKI had no effect. In cultured TIE2-L914F-expressing HUVECs, rapamycin effectively reduced mutant TIE2-induced AKT signaling and, though TIE2-TKI did target the WT receptor, ...
Ionic channel activity is involved in fundamental cellular behaviour and participates in cancerous features such as proliferation, migration and invasion which in turn contribute to the metastatic process. In this study, we investigated the expression and role of voltage-gated sodium channels in non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines. Functional voltage-gated sodium channels expression was investigated in normal and non-small-cell lung cancer cell lines. The measurement, in patch-clamp conditions, of tetrodotoxin-inhibitable sodium currents indicated that the strongly metastatic cancerous cell lines H23, H460 and Calu-1 possess functional sodium channels while normal and weakly metastatic cell lines do not. While all the cell lines expressed mRNA for numerous sodium channel isoforms, only H23, H460 and Calu-1 cells had a 250 kDa protein corresponding to the functional channel. The other cell lines also had another protein of 230 kDa which is not addressed to the membrane and might act as a dominant
In the laboratory, scientists found that Prostate specific antigen (PSA) concentrations significantly decreased in the group fed diets incorporated with bitter leaf.. The study, which investigated the effect of dietary incorporation of Vernonia amygdalina and Vernonia colorata on prostatic and testicular functions, was carried out in rats.. About 1000 varieties of bitter leaf have been identified including Vernonia amygdalina and Vernonia colorata. Vernonia colorata is commonly called "sweet bitter leaf" in Nigeria.. It is relatively less bitter compared to Vernonia amygdalina and therefore requires less processing methods. In Nigeria, the Edo calls it "Oriwo", Hausas- "Shiwakar daji", Igbos -"Onugbu anara" and Yorubas -"ewuro oko".. Research evidence has demonstrated the efficacy of Vernonia species in treating and ameliorating various diseases. Traditional herbal medicine has used bitter leaf for the treatment of diabetes, constipation, stomach ache, prevent malaria, treat skin infections and ...
Drugs and Chemicals. All IAs and triazoloacridinones (TAs) were synthesized in the Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biochemistry by Drs. M. Cholody, B. Horowska, and M. Konieczny. Compounds were dissolved in 0.2% lactic acid and stored at -24°C until use. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and tetramethylrosamine were obtained from Sigma Chemical Co. (St. Louis, MO). Fumitremorgin C (FTC) and pheophorbide (PhA) were kindly provided by Dr. S. E. Bates (National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD). G-418 hydrochloride was purchased from Calbiochem-Novabiochem (San Diego, CA).. Tissue Culture. Human non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells and T-cell leukemia CCRF-CEM cells were grown under monolayer conditions or up to a maximal density of 106 cells/ml (for CCRF-CEM cells) in RPMI 1640 medium (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum, 2 mM glutamine, 100 μg/ml penicillin, and 100 μg/ml streptomycin (Biological Industries, Beth-Haemek, ...
Crispa N (500/100 mg) Tablet is a potent and long-acting combination medicine used in conditions such as osteoarthritis and dysmenorrhea to relieve pain. It may also be used to provide relief from mild to moderate pain associated with a headache, muscle sprains, joint pain, and dental pain. Use of this medicine is not recommended for children under the age of 12 years. Buy Crispa N (500/100 mg) Tablet Online. Know uses, side effects, dosage, contraindications, substitutes, benefit, interactions, purpose, drug interactions, precautions, warnings etc. Download Practo app & get your medicines home delivered.
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Morphological and molecular data were analyzed using parsimony to trace character evolution within Anagallis s.l., including Anagallis, Asterolinon, Pelletiera, Lysimachia nemorum, and L. serpyllifolia, which are distributed among two sister clades. The first clade, comprising Anagallis arvensis, A. foemina, A monelli, Asterolinon, Pelletiera, Lysimachia nemorum, and L. serpyllifolia is supported by synapomorphies such as an annual, repeatedly branching habit, sessile leaves, flowers in almost all leaf axils, and membraneous slightly dentate calyx margins, of which all but the last are homoplasious within Anagallis s.l. The second clade, comprising Anagallis species only, is supported by a large number of synapomorphies, of which the majority are floral features. Placement of then taxa, for which no DNA was available, is porposed based on morphological characters evaluated in the ligth of the result of the phylogentis analysis of sequenced taxa.. ...
Anagallis foemina is an herbaceous plant from the Myrsinaceae family. It is commonly referred to as Poor mans weatherglass.. A. foemina is a low-growing plant. It contains weak, sprawling stems that grow about 2 to 7 inches long. The stems bear bright green opposite or alternating leaves. These leaves are lance shaped and grow approximately .28 to .43 inches wide and .47 to .62 inches long.. A. foemina bears small flowers that grow about .31 inches in diameter. They have a short stalk and grow from the leafs axils. Normally the blooms are blue, although they may be red on occasion. They have 5 sepals and 5 petals. The flowering period is from April to October. Its flowers are hermaphroditic and are pollinated by insects. The fruit it bears is a spherical capsule that measures around .15 inches in diameter and contains about 15 seeds.. A. foemina is found naturally in central and southern Europe. It has been introduced to Africa, northern and eastern Asia, North and South America and Western ...
The moss Ulota crispa is ubiquitous as an obligate epiphyte in eastern North America. Yet several specimens preliminarily identified as U. crispa were collected from the upper portions of boulders in the Shawangunks, NY. Mitochondrial (nad5) and chloroplast (rps4 and trnL-trnF) sequence data were produced for these specimens, confirming their status as the first record of rock-dwelling U. crispa in North America. The reviewed loci were then used to assess phylogenetic relationships of Northeastern US Ulota species, incorporating a species not yet reviewed, U. coarctata. Conforming to peristome morphology, Ulota hutchinsiae appears to be more closely related to U. crispa than to U. coarctata. Monophyly was recovered for U. crispa and U. coarctata. Although monophyly was not found for U. hutchinsiae, it is diagnosably distinct based on the reviewed loci. While almost identical in number of nucleotides sequenced, mitochondrial DNA held substantially less phylogenetically informative nucleotides than the
Buddleja crispa - Species Dictionary - Global : iSpot Nature - Your place to share nature. iSpot is a website aimed at helping anyone identify anything in nature. Once youve registered, you can add an observation to the website and suggest an identification yourself or see if anyone else can identify it for you.
Cornales: Dogwood order of flowering plants, comprising six families and more than 590 species. Cornales is the basalmost order of the core asterid clade (organisms with a single common...
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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) [Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohns Disease (CD)] is a group of chronic disorders of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract associated with a high colon cancer risk. UC is characterized by periods of active disease (flare-ups), followed by periods when the disease is inactive (remission). The end result is an abnormal immune response with repeated episodes of colonic inflammation. Conventional treatment of UC by aminosalicylates, TNFα inhibitors, and steroids have modest effects, and come with a high risk of side effects including dyspeptic symptoms, gastric ulceration and sometimes hospitalization and deaths. Because of higher acceptance, efficacy, minimal side effects and relatively low cost, patients (up to 50%) are using complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs). In this light, because of the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties of American Ginseng (AG), we tested the hypothesis that AG suppresses colitis and
J. O. Midiwo, A. Yenesew, B. F. Juma, S. Dereses, J. A. Ayoo, A. Aluoch and S. Guchu There are several described medicinal plants in Kenya from a flora of approximately 10,000 members. Strong cross-medical information from the 42 ethnic groups points to the high potential of some of these species. The Myrsinaceae are well established ethno-anthelmintics and anti-bacterials. They are harbingers of long alkyl side chain benzoquinones which clearly have a protective function from their histochemical disposition. The main benzoquinone in the sub-family Myrsinodae is embelin while for the Maesodae it is maesaquinone together with its 5-acetyl derivative; the distribution of these benzoquinones by their alkyl side chain length or the presence/absence of a 6-methyl group is in accord with morphological sub-family de-limitation. The benzoquinones showed anti-feedant, anti-microbial, phytotoxic, acaricidal, insecticidal and nematicidal activity. Many other benzoquinones of medium and minor concentration ...
Flora of China Editorial Committee. 1996. Flora of China (Myrsinaceae through Loganiaceae). 15: 1-387. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location ...
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fronde subcompressa margine undulata convenit cum var. b crispa Ag., aqua structura penitiori, granulis nempe molto maioribus egregie et fere specifice differt; as Ulva intestinalis g suhrii ...
9 oclock Flower (1) Abelmoschus esculentus (2) Acerola (8) adenium obesum (17) Adiantum sp (5) African Daisy - Gerbera (16) African Violet (10) Agave (6) Agave potatorum cv. (3) Aglaonema (5) Alfalfa (1) Allamanda blanchetii (1) Allamanda Indonesian Sunset (2) Allamanda Violacea (1) Allium chinense (2) Allium schoenoprasum (1) Alocasia cucullata (3) Alocasia Polly (3) Alocasia Reginula (2) Alocasia sp. (2) Alocasia x mortfontanensis Andre (1) Aloe Vera (8) Alternanthera Dentata Purple Knight (5) Alternanthera sp. (5) Amaranthus Flying Colours (3) Amaranthus Illumination (4) Amaranthus Perfect Red (7) Amaranthus Torch (2) Amaranthus Tricolour Aurora (1) Angelonia Angustifolia (4) Angelonia sp. (2) Ant Plant (1) Anthurium (12) Anthurium Acropolis (3) Anthurium jenmanii (2) Antirrhinum (5) Aphelandra squarrosa (3) Apiaceae Umbelliferae (1) Ardisia crenata (1) Ardisia crenate (2) Arisaema Speciosum (1) Arrowhead Variegated (1) Arundina Dwarf (6) Asclepiadaceae (1) Asclepias curassavica (1) ...
9 oclock Flower (1) Abelmoschus esculentus (2) Acerola (8) adenium obesum (17) Adiantum sp (5) African Daisy - Gerbera (16) African Violet (10) Agave (6) Agave potatorum cv. (3) Aglaonema (5) Alfalfa (1) Allamanda blanchetii (1) Allamanda Indonesian Sunset (2) Allamanda Violacea (1) Allium chinense (2) Allium schoenoprasum (1) Alocasia cucullata (3) Alocasia Polly (3) Alocasia Reginula (2) Alocasia sp. (2) Alocasia x mortfontanensis Andre (1) Aloe Vera (8) Alternanthera Dentata Purple Knight (5) Alternanthera sp. (5) Amaranthus Flying Colours (3) Amaranthus Illumination (4) Amaranthus Perfect Red (7) Amaranthus Torch (2) Amaranthus Tricolour Aurora (1) Angelonia Angustifolia (4) Angelonia sp. (2) Ant Plant (1) Anthurium (12) Anthurium Acropolis (3) Anthurium jenmanii (2) Antirrhinum (5) Aphelandra squarrosa (3) Apiaceae Umbelliferae (1) Ardisia crenata (1) Ardisia crenate (2) Arisaema Speciosum (1) Arrowhead Variegated (1) Arundina Dwarf (6) Asclepiadaceae (1) Asclepias curassavica (1) ...
Mitochondrial genomes of flowering plants (angiosperms) are highly dynamic in genome structure. The mitogenome of the earliest angiosperm Amborella is remarkable in carrying rampant foreign DNAs, in contrast to Liriodendron, the other only known early angiosperm mitogenome that is described as fossilized. The distinctive features observed in the two early flowering plant mitogenomes add to the current confusions of what early flowering plants look like. Expanded sampling would provide more details in understanding the mitogenomic evolution of early angiosperms. Here we report the complete mitochondrial genome of water lily Nymphaea colorata from Nymphaeales, one of the three orders of the earliest angiosperms. Assembly of data from Pac-Bio long-read sequencing yielded a circular mitochondria chromosome of 617,195 bp with an average depth of 601×. The genome encoded 41 protein coding genes, 20 tRNA and three rRNA genes with 25 group II introns disrupting 10 protein coding genes. Nearly half of the
Gli ossidi di titanio esibiscono brillanti colori, che possono essere generati naturalmente o tramite un controllato processo di ossidazione. Lutilizzo di un fascio laser per colorare il titanio permette una più flessibile manipolazione della geometria di ossido, con anche elevata risoluzione spaziale. La procedura può essere applicata in ambiente atmosferico, generando una marcatura colorata e di lunga durata. Oggi, tutte queste proprietà sono largamente utilizzate nel campo dellarte, specialmente nella gioielleria; ma anche in ambito industriale, come ad esempio nella marcatura di loghi su carrozzerie automobilistiche. La sfida dunque consiste nellespandere questo processo di colorazione ad applicazioni avanzate. Per poter raggiungere lobbiettivo, risulta fondamentale svolgere i due passi seguenti: capire il meccanismo responsabile della generazione del colore da ossido; rendere il processo robusto e ripetibile, e dunque provvedere alla calibrazione del processo, ovvero trovare la ...
First, some observations... 1. For three years I stopped fertilizing the garden. Everyone around me had Croton scale; I had none. This year, I threw...
Hypanis colorata (Eichwald, 1829) (Cardiidae: Lymnocardiinae) is a bivalve relict species with a Ponto-Caspian distribution and is under strict protection in Romania, according to national regulations. While the species is depressed in the western Black Sea lagoons from Romania and Ukraine, it is also a successful invader in the middle Dniepr and Volga regions. Establishing a conservation strategy for this species or studying its invasion process requires knowledge about the genetic structure of the species populations. We have isolated and characterized nine polymorphic microsatellite markers in H. colorata. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 4 to 28 and the observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.613 to 1.000. The microsatellites developed in the present study are highly polymorphic and they should be useful for the assessment of genetic variation within this species.
Ive reached the point with these containers that I no longer cringe when I see them. Its actually all I can do not to burst out laughing. They look like a giant green octopus. If only a team of Garden Interventionists had grabbed me and stopped me from torturing these stephandra, I could have a sweet pot of impatiens on my porch. I thought the stephandra crispa, a gorgeous shade loving ground cover, would find botanical bliss in the pots on my mostly shady porch. A low arching shrub that roots where it touches, the stephandra wouldnt be able to root into my concrete patio, thus spilling from their pots in a cascade of mini maple leaf foliage. Desperate for more water and soil, if these shrubs had fingers and anything sharp, Id be a goner ...
Preventive intervention of colorectal cancer has become essential as a major portion of the population may develop the disease at some points during their lives. Diet and nutrition play an important role during this multistep colon carcinogenic process. Inhibitory activity of aqueous suspensions of garlic and tomato, individually and in combination, were tested on azoxymethane induced colon carcinogenesis in Sprague-Dawley rats. The effect was observed on aberrant crypt foci (ACF), the preneoplastic lesion. To investigate the mechanism of action of the agents used, cell proliferation and the level of apoptosis were determined and the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein was analyzed in the colon. Following treatment, significant inhibition of the level of cell proliferation (P|0.01 in garlic; P|0.001 in tomato and P|0.001 in combination treatment group with respect to the carcinogen control group), significant induction of apoptosis (P|0.01 in garlic treated; P|0.01 in tomato treated and P|0
quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-2)-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-alpha-L-(4-O-trans-p-coumaroylrhamnopyranosyl)-(1-6))-beta-D-galactopyranoside-7-O-alpha-L- ...
3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-2)(beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1- 4))-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-27-hydroxyoleanolic acid 28-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1-4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl (1- 6)-beta-D- ...
Bursera microphylla (BM), one of the common elephant trees, is widely distributed in the Sonoran Desert in Mexico. The Seri ethnic group in the Sonoran Desert uses BM as an anti-inflammatory and painkiller drug for the treatment of sore throat, herpes labialis, abscessed tooth, and wound healing. Dried stems and leaves of BM are used in a tea to relieve painful urination and to stimulate bronchial secretion. Furthermore, BM is used for fighting venereal diseases. To investigate the effects of the hexane fraction of resin methanol extract (BM-H) on cell growth, the acute myeloid cell line (OCI-AML3) was treated with 250, 25, or 2 ...
Soluble β-glucan preparation from the cold NaOH extract of |i|Sparassis crispa|/i| (SCG) is a six-branched 1,3-β-D-glucan that is a major cell-wall st...
Chemical investigation of the anomalous fruits of Gleditsia sinensis led to the isolation and identification of a new triterpenoid saponin, 3- O - β -D-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 2)- α -L-arabinopyranosyl-(1 → 6)- β -D-glucopyranosyl oleanolic acid 28- O - β -D-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 4)- α -L-rhamnopyrano--syl-(1 → 4)- β -D-xylopyranosyl-(1 → 4)- α -L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 3)- β -D-glucopyranosyl ester (1), al ...
Asteridae is a Linnaean term with the rank of subclass. By definition it always includes the family Asteraceae (Compositae). However, in the modern APG III system of classification,[1] asterid and euasterid are names for clades. Their member families are similar to those of the Asteridae.. One of the better-known systems that recognized subclass Asteridae was the Cronquist system, which included the orders:. ...
By special request and for the duration of 2014--a new year--THIS MONTH IN CROTON 1979: DECEMBER 1979 - PART 2. Click on the images below. Stay tuned for more. Courtesy of the outstanding archives maintained by the volunteers of The Croton Historical Society. ...
Vernonia is a genus of about 1000 species of forbs and shrubs in the family Asteraceae. Some species are known as Ironweed. Some species are edible and of economic value. They are known for having intense purple flowers. The genus is named for English botanist William Vernon. There are numerous distinct subgenera and subsections in this genus. This has led some botanists to divide this large genus into smaller groups which separate the species into distinct genera. For instance, the Flora of North America only recognizes about 20 species, 17 of which are in North America or n. Mexico, with the other two or three being found in South America.. Several species of Vernonia, including V. calvoana, V. amygdalina, and V. colorata, are eaten as leaf vegetables. Common names for these species include bitterleaf,ewuro, ndole and onugbu. They are common in most West African and Central African countries. They are one of the most widely consumed leaf vegetables of Cameroon, where they are a key ingredient ...
The asterid lineage contains many orders that we would be familiar with including Gentianales, Lamiales and Solanales. It is highly derived yet poorly represented in the fossil record. Because of the challenges associated with accurately dating amber, scientists estimate that this flower is somewhere between 15 - 45 million years old. To put this in perspective, North and South America were not even connected at this point in time. Whats more, the details preserved in these amber deposits are allowing researchers to piece together what the forest in this region would have looked like ...
Hexane can form five isomers with its six carbon bonds. The five isomers are 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, 2,2-dimethylbutane, 2,3-dimethylbutane and hexane itself, which is a straight chain of...
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BY SPECIAL REQUEST--MORE CROTON IN 1983--September 1983 to be exact. Courtesy as always of the outstanding archvies maintained by the volunteers of THE CROTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY. CLICK ON THE IMAGES BELOW AND ENJOY. STAY TUNED FOR MORE. ...
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Looking for Crotons? Find out information about Crotons. Italy: see Crotona Crotona , Croton, or Kroton , ancient city, S Italy, on the east coast of Bruttium , a colony of Magna Graecia founded c.708 B.C. Explanation of Crotons
Define Conoclinium. Conoclinium synonyms, Conoclinium pronunciation, Conoclinium translation, English dictionary definition of Conoclinium. Noun 1. Conoclinium - mistflower genus Conoclinium asterid dicot genus - genus of more or less advanced dicotyledonous herbs and some trees and shrubs aster...
Fashion is temporary and expensive. Style is timeless and affordable. Dappered® helps you work the retail system so that you can be comfortable, look sharp, and save money.. Want to share a great product? Email Us. ...
Ardisia Sw. - planter fra denne slekten selges av og til som potteplante. ...
A few genera, such as Ardisia, Cyclamen, Lysimachia, and Myrsine, are grown as ornamental plants, especially Ardisia crispa and ... One species, Ardisia japonica (Chinese: 紫金牛; pinyin: zǐjīn niú), is one of the 50 fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese ... The one-seeded, indehiscent fruit is a thin-fleshed berry or drupe.[1] North American species are the marlberry (Ardisia ...
Notes on the genus Ardisia (Myrsinaceae) from Thailand. Nord.J.Bot. vol. 21: 2, pp. 147-148. ...
Aceasta este o listă parțială de genuri de plante de gradină (plante care pot fi cultivate în grădină) prezentate în ordine alfabetică.. ...
Ardisia crenata), heavenly bamboo (Nandina domestica), and golden bamboo (Phyllostachys aurea). Though some populations have ...
California Ardisia bakeri, a rare plant species in the genus Ardisia found in Queensland, Australia Bakeri (disambiguation). ...
These include Actephila collinsiae Ardisia collinsae Lagerstroemia collinsae Rivea collinsae Eugenia collinsae Stemona ...
It is also found in the stem bark of Dryobalanops aromatica, in Ardisia elliptica and in Mallotus japonicus. Nazir, N.; Koul, S ...
The larvae feed on Ardisia sieboldii, Camellia japonica, Clerodendrum trichotomum, Daphniphyllum teysmannii, Lithocarpus edulis ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador. Santiana, J. & Pitman, N. (2004 ... "Ardisia websterii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T37330A10045035. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS. ...
Weitere Untersuchungen über die Bakteriensymbiose bei Ardisia crispa. Jahrb. f. wissensch. Botanik, 58. Bd., 1917, p. 29 - ... Further investigations on bacterial symbiosis involving Ardisia crispa. Taschenbuch der Botanik, Leipzig (2 volumes, 1919-20 ...
Ardisia escallonioides), stoppers (Eugenia spp.), soldierwood (Colubrina elliptica), crabwood (Gymnanthes lucida), and ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is endemic to Panama. It is threatened by habitat loss. ... Ardisia scheryi. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 August 2007.. ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is endemic to Panama. It is threatened by habitat loss. Mitré ... M. (1998). "Ardisia rufa". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T38933A10157797. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998. ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is endemic to Ecuador. It is threatened by habitat loss. ... Santiana, J. & Pitman, N. (2004). "Ardisia zakii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T37329A10044900. doi: ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is a tree endemic to Peninsular Malaysia. Chua, L.S.L ... 1998). "Ardisia scortechinii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T36383A9993188. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998. ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is endemic to Panama. Mitré, M. (1998). "Ardisia ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is endemic to Cameroon. Its natural habitat is ... Cheek, M. & Cable, S. (2000). "Ardisia schlechteri". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2000: e.T39529A10245538. ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is found in Costa Rica and Panama. Mitré, M. (1998). " ... "Ardisia furfuracella". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T30630A9568353. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS. ...
aloe root dug up in winter, sugar-cane that had been three years exposed to frost, twin crickets, and ardisia . . . all of ...
Ardisia crenata, Ardisia escallononioides, Aristolochia gigantea, Aristolochia grandiflora, Asclepias species, Bambusa chungii ...
... is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is endemic to Peru. World Conservation Monitoring ... Centre (1998). "Ardisia nigrovirens". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T36813A10018082. doi:10.2305/IUCN. ...
It is also found in cashew nutshell liquid (Anacardium occidentale), in Anacardium othonianum and in Ardisia elliptica. It is ...
The worst invasive plants include shoebutton (Ardisia elliptica), lantana (Lantana camara), yellow foxtail (Setaria parviflora ...
... coral creeper Ardisia elliptica - shoebutton ardisia Aristolochia littoralis - elegant Dutchman's pipe Atriplex lindleyi ssp. ...
... (also called Blossomberry Grape) is a species of plant in the Primulaceae family. It is found in Guatemala ... Mitré, M. (1998). "Ardisia pulverulenta". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T35230A9920599. doi:10.2305/ ...
Ardisia synonyms, Ardisia pronunciation, Ardisia translation, English dictionary definition of Ardisia. Noun 1. Ardisia - ... tropical evergreen subshrubs to trees of Asia and Australasia to Americas genus Ardisia dicot genus, magnoliopsid genus - genus ... Ardisia. Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.. Related to Ardisia: Ardisia crenata. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonyms ... Ardisia japonica, one of common traditional Chinese medicines, belongs to the family of Ardisia [1].. A Green and Efficient ...
Ardisia. * Ardisia elliptica* (Ardisia, Shoebutton Ardisia) Arrowhead. * Sagittaria platyphylla (Arrow-head) Asparagus Fern. * ...
Most effective herbal treatment for Rheumatism and herbs for Rheumatism. Causes and Symptoms of Rheumatism. Herbal treatment of Rheumatism by natural herbs is given in repertory format.
shoebutton ardisia (Ardisia elliptica). Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata). strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum). tamarisk ( ...
Compound 1, a triterpenoid saponin from Ardisia gigantifolia Stapf showing potential anti-tumour activity, was hydrolysed into ...
... ; Ground ivy, Alehoof, Creeping Charlie (or Charley), Catsfoot, Field Balm, Run-away-robin, Gill-over-the-ground, and Tunhoof. Mint family, (Lamiaceae). Glechoma is native to in southwestern Asia and Europe.. Glechoma hederacea is an aromatic, perennial, evergreen creeper, spreading by stolons or by seed. When the foliage is crushed, it emits a distinct odor. Ground ivy produces blue to purplish-colored flowers in spring. Glechoma thrives in moist shaded areas, but also tolerates sun. Glechoma will form dense mats particularly in shady areas where grass does not grow well. It can be particularly invasive in heavy, rich soils with good fertility, high moisture, and low boron content. ...
楊遠波,呂勝由 1989 台灣植物註(1) 林業試驗所究報告季刊 4(2) 77-82 / Ardisia villosa、Sinomenium acutum、
Discover Nature at JCU Plants Plants by scientific name A-F Ardisia crenata ...
The boundary organization found in Ardisia appears to be the most common type among asterids, while six other types are also ...
Ardisia mamillata Hance. (1 time) ≫. Biology. (1 time). --- 2018 Identification and structural characterisation of triterpene ... saponins from the root of Ardisia mamillata Hance by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS.. ≫ ...
Ardisia , Chemistry , Benzoquinones , Chemistry , Molecular Conformation , Molecular Structure , Phenols , Chemistry , Plant ... p,,b,AIM,/b,To study the chemical constituents of Ardisia punctata.,/p,,p,,b,METHODS,/b,Compounds were separated with a ... Three compounds were isolated from chloroform extract of the roots of Ardisia punctata. Their structures were elucidated as 2- ...
Animals , Ardisia , Atropine , Blotting, Western , Epinephrine , Gastric Emptying , Gastrointestinal Motility , Histamine , In ... Ardipusilloside-I is a natural triterpenoid saponin, which was isolated from Ardisia pusilla A. DC. The aim of the study was to ...
In Florida (USA), C. diurnum can be confused with the native marlberry, Ardisia escallonioides, but leaves of A. escallonioides ...
For diverse communities of omnivorous insects such as ants, the extent of direct consumption of plant-derived resources vs. predation is largely unknown. However, determination of the extent of...
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Ardisia ( 1 ) Argentiina ( 1 ) Argus ( 3 ) Arkif för Hushållningen och Näringarne ( 1 ) Armenia ( 1 ) Armon sanomat ( 1 ) ...
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Ardisia Crenata Extract Powder Product Name. Factory Supply Ardisia Crenata P.E. Powder. ... Ardisia Crenata Extract can be used in food, health supplement, and medicine.. ...
Ardisia; Castanea; acclimation; canopy; carbon dioxide fixation; chlorophyll; elevated atmospheric gases; enzyme activity; ...
Bergenin - Antitussive - Ardisia japonica (marlberry). Betulinic acid - Anticancerous - Betula alba (common birch). Borneol - ...
Anti-fungal activity of Ardisia crispa (Thunb.) A.DC. against several fungi responsible for athletes foot. African Journal of ...
Acorus - Sweet FlagAjuga - BugleweedArdisia - MarlberryBellium DaisyCeratostigma - PlumbagoChrysogonum - Green And Gold ... Acorus - Sweet FlagAjuga - BugleweedArdisia - MarlberryBellium DaisyCeratostigma - PlumbagoChrysogonum - Green And Gold ...
Revision of Ardisia subgenus Auriculardisia (Myrsinaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 90: 179-317. ... Further additions to the genus Ardisia subgenus Graphardisia (Myrsinaceae). Sida 20: 1423-1447. ...
Ardisia escallonioides Schltdl. & Cham. - MARLBERRY. Citation. Citation. ARDISIA ESCALLONIOIDES Schlechtendal & Chamisso, ... Ardisia pickeringia Ardisia pickeringia Torrey & A. Gray ex Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 8: 124. 1844.. BASIONYM: ... Ardisia paniculata Ardisia paniculata (Nuttall) Sargent, Man. Trees, ed. 2. 806. 1922, non Roxburgh 1824.. BASIONYM: Cyrilla ... BASIONYM: Ardisia escallonioides Schlechtendal & Chamisso 1831.. Tinus pickeringia Tinus pickeringia (Torrey & A. Gray ex Alph ...
Acorus - Sweet FlagAjuga - BugleweedArdisia - MarlberryBellium DaisyCeratostigma - PlumbagoChrysogonum - Green And Gold ... Acorus - Sweet FlagAjuga - BugleweedArdisia - MarlberryBellium DaisyCeratostigma - PlumbagoChrysogonum - Green And Gold ...
  • For instance, a significant highest paw edema inhibition (93.34%) was observed in rats at a dose of 300 mg/kg of the Ardisia crispa (Mata pelandok) root extract . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • She said some of the tree species that have been released from grass and are now vigorously thriving in their area are alingogon (Cratoxylum formussom), tagpo ( Ardisia squamulosa), salagong liitan Wikstroemia indica), kahoy dalaga (Mussaenda anisophylla), puso puso (Litsea sp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Employing this assay we studied the anti-inflammatory effects of varying concentrations of the extracts of the following plants: Goniatalamus fasciculatus, Goniatalamus andersonii, Piper aduncum, Centella asiatica, Ardisia elliptica and Eurycoma longifolia and compared the effects with commonly prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin, brufen, diclofenac and indomethacin. (kratomshop.com)
  • Ardisia elliptica (invasive exotic) demography in Florida: Light and moisture dependence. (ucsb.edu)
  • Ardisia elliptica Thunberg is a local medicinal plant used in Malay traditional medicine for the treatment of pain in the region of the heart, parturition complications, fever, diarrhoea and liver poisoning. (nus.edu.sg)
  • She said some of the tree species that have been released from grass and are now vigorously thriving in their area are alingogon (Cratoxylum formussom), tagpo ( Ardisia squamulosa), salagong liitan Wikstroemia indica), kahoy dalaga (Mussaenda anisophylla), puso puso (Litsea sp. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Part Used A Wei Chinese Asafetida Resina Ferulae Resin Ai Di Cha Japanese Ardisia Herb Herba ardisiae Japonicae Whole herb Ai Ye Argy Wormwood Leaf Folium Artemisiae Argyi Leaf An xi xiang Benzoin. (hfcletter.com)
  • Polyphenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity, and quinone reductase activity of an aqueous extract of Ardisia compressa in comparison to mate (Ilex paraguariensis) and green (Camellia sinensis) Teas. (thefreedictionary.com)