The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
Educational institutions.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. The species of Coleus should be distinguished from PLECTRANTHUS BARBATUS - which is also known as Coleus forskohlii.
Organizations involved in all aspects of health planning activities.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.

Phylogenetic affiliation and quantification of psychrophilic sulfate-reducing isolates in marine Arctic sediments. (1/701)

Thirteen psychrophilic sulfate-reducing isolates from two permanently cold fjords of the Arctic island Spitsbergen (Hornsund and Storfjord) were phylogenetically analyzed. They all belonged to the delta subclass of Proteobacteria and were widely distributed within this group, indicating that psychrophily is a polyphyletic property. A new 16S rRNA-directed oligonucleotide probe was designed against the largest coherent cluster of these isolates. The new probe, as well as a set of available probes, was applied in rRNA slot blot hybridization to investigate the composition of the sulfate-reducing bacterial community in the sediments. rRNA related to the new cluster of incompletely oxidizing, psychrophilic isolates made up 1.4 to 20.9% of eubacterial rRNA at Storfjord and 0.6 to 3. 5% of eubacterial rRNA at Hornsund. This group was the second-most-abundant group of sulfate reducers at these sites. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and hybridization analysis showed bands identical to those produced by our isolates. The data indicate that the psychrophilic isolates are quantitatively important in Svalbard sediments.  (+info)

High bacterial diversity in permanently cold marine sediments. (2/701)

A 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) clone library from permanently cold marine sediments was established. Screening 353 clones by dot blot hybridization with group-specific oligonucleotide probes suggested a predominance of sequences related to bacteria of the sulfur cycle (43.4% potential sulfate reducers). Within this fraction, the major cluster (19.0%) was affiliated with Desulfotalea sp. and other closely related psychrophilic sulfate reducers isolated from the same habitat. The cloned sequences showed between 93 and 100% similarity to these bacteria. Two additional groups were frequently encountered: 13% of the clones were related to Desulfuromonas palmitatis, and a second group was affiliated with Myxobacteria spp. and Bdellovibrio spp. Many clones (18.1%) belonged to the gamma subclass of the class Proteobacteria and were closest to symbiotic or free-living sulfur oxidizers. Probe target groups were further characterized by amplified rDNA restriction analysis to determine diversity within the groups and within the clone library. Rarefaction analysis suggested that the total diversity assessed by 16S rDNA analysis was very high in these permanently cold sediments and was only partially revealed by screening of 353 clones.  (+info)

Community size and metabolic rates of psychrophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria in Arctic marine sediments. (3/701)

The numbers of sulfate reducers in two Arctic sediments with in situ temperatures of 2.6 and -1.7 degrees C were determined. Most-probable-number counts were higher at 10 degrees C than at 20 degrees C, indicating the predominance of a psychrophilic community. Mean specific sulfate reduction rates of 19 isolated psychrophiles were compared to corresponding rates of 9 marine, mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria. The results indicate that, as a physiological adaptation to the permanently cold Arctic environment, psychrophilic sulfate reducers have considerably higher specific metabolic rates than their mesophilic counterparts at similarly low temperatures.  (+info)

Distribution patterns of marine bird digenean larvae in periwinkles along the southern coast of the Barents Sea. (4/701)

An important component of the parasite fauna of seabirds in arctic regions are the flukes (Digena). Different species of digeneans have life cycles which may consist of 1 intermediate host and no free-living larval stages, 2 intermediate hosts and 1 free-living stage, or 2 intermediate hosts and 2 free-living larval stages. This study examined the distribution of such parasites in the intertidal zones of the southern coast of the Barents Sea (northwestern Russia and northern Norway) by investigating 2 species of periwinkles (Littorina saxatilis and L. obtusata) which are intermediate hosts of many species of digeneans. A total of 26,020 snails from 134 sampling stations were collected. The study area was divided into 5 regions, and the number of species, frequency of occurrence and prevalence of different digenean species and groups of species (depending on life cycle complexity) were compared among these regions, statistically controlling for environmental exposure. We found 14 species of digeneans, of which 13 have marine birds as final hosts. The number of species per sampling station increased westwards, and was higher on the Norwegian coast than on the Russian coast. The frequency of occurrence of digeneans with more than 1 intermediate host increased westwards, making up a larger proportion of the digeneans among infected snails. This was significant in L. saxatilis. The prevalence of different species showed the same pattern, and significantly more snails of both species were infected with digeneans with complicated life cycles in the western regions. In L. saxatilis, environmental exposure had a statistically significant effect on the distribution of the most common digenean species. This was less obvious in L. obtusata. The causes of changing species composition between regions are probably (1) the harsh climate in the eastern part of the study area reducing the probability of successful transmission of digeneans with complicated life cycles, and (2) the distribution of different final hosts.  (+info)

Psychrophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from permanently cold arctic marine sediments: description of Desulfofrigus oceanense gen. nov., sp. nov., Desulfofrigus fragile sp. nov., Desulfofaba gelida gen. nov., sp. nov., Desulfotalea psychrophila gen. nov., sp. nov. and Desulfotalea arctica sp. nov. (5/701)

Five psychrophilic, Gram-negative, sulfate-reducing bacteria were isolated from marine sediments off the coast of Svalbard. All isolates grew at the in situ temperature of -1.7 degrees C. In batch cultures, strain PSv29T had the highest growth rate at 7 degrees C, strains ASv26T and LSv54T had the highest growth rate at 10 degrees C, and strains LSv21T and LSv514T had the highest growth rate at 18 degrees C. The new isolates used the most common fermentation products in marine sediments, such as acetate, propionate, butyrate, lactate and hydrogen, but only strain ASv26T was able to oxidize fatty acids completely to CO2. The new strains had growth optima at neutral pH and marine salt concentration, except for LSv54T which grew fastest with 1% NaCl. Sulfite and thiosulfate were used as electron acceptors by strains ASv26T, PSv29T and LSv54T, and all strains except PSv29T grew with Fe3+ (ferric citrate) as electron acceptor. Chemotaxonomy based on cellular fatty acid patterns and menaquinones showed good agreement with the phylogeny based on 16S rRNA sequences. All strains belonged to the delta subclass of Proteobacteria but had at least 9% evolutionary distance from known sulfate reducers. Due to the phylogenetic and phenotypic differences between the new isolates and their closest relatives, establishment of the new genera Desulfotalea gen. nov., Desulfofaba gen. nov. and Desulfofrigus gen. nov. is proposed, with strain ASv26T as the type strain of the type species Desulfofrigus oceanense sp. nov., LSv21T as the type strain of Desulfofrigus fragile sp. nov., PSv29T as the type strain of the type species Desulfofaba gelida sp. nov., LSv54T as the type strain of the type species Desulfotalea psychrophila sp. nov. and LSv514T as the type strain of Desulfotalea arctica sp. nov.  (+info)

Population genetics of ice age brown bears. (6/701)

The Pleistocene was a dynamic period for Holarctic mammal species, complicated by episodes of glaciation, local extinctions, and intercontinental migration. The genetic consequences of these events are difficult to resolve from the study of present-day populations. To provide a direct view of population genetics in the late Pleistocene, we measured mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in seven permafrost-preserved brown bear (Ursus arctos) specimens, dated from 14,000 to 42,000 years ago. Approximately 36,000 years ago, the Beringian brown bear population had a higher genetic diversity than any extant North American population, but by 15,000 years ago genetic diversity appears similar to the modern day. The older, genetically diverse, Beringian population contained sequences from three clades now restricted to local regions within North America, indicating that current phylogeographic patterns may provide misleading data for evolutionary studies and conservation management. The late Pleistocene phylogeographic data also indicate possible colonization routes to areas south of the Cordilleran ice sheet.  (+info)

Susceptibility to infections and immune status in Inuit infants exposed to organochlorines. (7/701)

We investigated whether organochlorine exposure is associated with the incidence of infectious diseases in Inuit infants from Nunavik (Arctic Quebec, Canada). We compiled the number of infectious disease episodes during the first year of life for 98 breast-fed and 73 bottle-fed infants. Concentrations of organochlorines were measured in early breast milk samples and used as surrogates to prenatal exposure levels. Immune system parameters were determined in venous blood samples collected from infants at 3, 7, and 12 months of age. Otitis media was the most frequent disease, with 80. 0% of breast-fed and 81.3% of bottle-fed infants experiencing at least one episode during the first year of life. During the second follow-up period, the risk of otitis media increased with prenatal exposure to p,p'-DDE, hexachlorobenzene, and dieldrin. The relative risk (RR) for 4- to 7-month-old infants in the highest tertile of p, p'-DDE exposure as compared to infants in the lowest tertile was 1. 87 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07-3.26]. The RR of otitis media over the entire first year of life also increased with prenatal exposure to p,p'-DDE (RR, 1.52; CI, 1.05-2.22) and hexachlorobenzene (RR, 1.49; CI, 1.10-2.03). Furthermore, the RR of recurrent otitis media ( [Greater/equal to] 3 episodes) increased with prenatal exposure to these compounds. No clinically relevant differences were noted between breast-fed and bottle-fed infants with regard to immunologic parameters, and prenatal organochlorine exposure was not associated with immunologic parameters. We conclude that prenatal organochlorine exposure could be a risk factor for acute otitis media in Inuit infants.  (+info)

Persistence of bat defence reactions in high Arctic moths (Lepidoptera). (8/701)

We investigated the bat defence reactions of three species of moths (Gynaephora groenlandica, Gynaephora rossi (Lymantriidae) and Psychophora sabini (Geometridae)) in the Canadian Arctic archipelago. Since these moths inhabit the Arctic tundra and, therefore, are most probably spatially isolated from bats, their hearing and associated defensive reactions are probably useless and would therefore be expected to disappear with ongoing adaptation to Arctic conditions. When exposed to bat-like ultrasound (26 kHz and 110 dB sound pressure level root mean square at 1 m) flying male Gynaephora spp. always reacted defensively by rapidly reversing their flight course. They could hear the sound and reacted at least 15-25 m away. Psychophora sabini walking on a surface froze at distances of at least 5-7 m from the sound source. However, two out of three individuals of this species (all males) did not respond in any way to the sound while in flight. Hence, we found evidence of degeneration of bat defence reactions, i.e. adaptation to the bat-free environment, in P. sabini but not in Gynaephora spp. Some Arctic moths (Gynaephora spp.) still possess defensive reactions against bats, possibly because the selection pressure for the loss of the trait is such that it declines only very slowly (perhaps by genetic drift; and there may not have been enough time for the trait to disappear. One possible reason may be that Arctic moths have long generation times.  (+info)

Family Dental Care. Many people are going to get dental insurance through their places of employment. They will usually be able to put most of their family members on their dental plans, which is going to make everything easier for them and for all of their family members. Purchasing dental insurance individually is going to be difficult at the best of times and certainly the worst of times, especially since different people are going to have vastly different dental needs, especially at different ages. Getting Calgary SE dentist can really make all the difference.. For many families, dental care is going to be most expensive when their children reach adolescence. Teenagers frequently experience crowding and they often have teeth that came in wrong by the time they reach adolescence. With very little kids, people usually dont even bother filling in cavities or dealing with those sorts of problems at all, since the kids are going to lose those teeth anyway. However, with teenagers, it suddenly ...
A moderately thermophilic, neutrophilic, aerobic, Gram-negative bacterium, strain 3729kT, was isolated from a thermal spring of the Chukotka Peninsula, Arctic region, Russia. It grew chemoorganoheterotrophically, utilizing proteinaceous substrates, including highly rigid keratins as well as various polysaccharides (glucomannan, locust bean gum, gum guar and xanthan gum). The major fatty acids of strain 3729kT were iso-C15 : 0 (60.9%), iso-C17 : 0 (12.0%), C16 : 0 (9.9%) and iso-C16 : 0 (7.4%). Isoprenoid quinones were Q-8 (95%) and Q-9 (5%). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine and three unidentified polar lipids. Strain 3729kT was inhibited by chloramphenicol, neomycin, novobiocin, kanamycin, tetracycline, ampicillin and polymyxin B, but resistant to rifampicin, vancomycin and streptomycin. At the same time, strain 3729kT inhibited growth of Micrococcus luteus and its genome possessed genes for antimicrobial activity against Gram
The flames confirm that the bubbles are methane, the main component of natural gas. By counting and measuring them, Walter Anthony is trying to gauge how much methane is rising from Goldstream Lake from the millions of similar lakes that now occupy nearly a third of the Arctic region. The Arctic has warmed much faster than the rest of the planet in recent decades, and as the permafrost has melted, old lakes have grown and new ones have formed. cheap china jerseys. Statistical analysis is even more difficult. According to those who say racial profiling doesnt happen, there are too many variables that would need to be taken into account to accurately compare general populations to prison populations. Even if traffic stops, roadside searches or arrests are broken down by race, these stats might be skewed because police make more traffic stops at times of day when more minorities are driving, or minorities might have a greater tendency to violate traffic laws. A great river for gold panning, ...
Most snow in the arctic regions is dry, which means there is little to no moisture in the snow - #82282739 added by stanleys at Waterbending...
Fingerprint Подробные сведения о темах исследования «Ecological risk analysis as a key factor in environmental safety system development in the Arctic region of the Russian Federation». Вместе они формируют уникальный семантический отпечаток (fingerprint). ...
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See More photos on Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region, Putin said that current estimates put the value of the Arctics mineral riches at $30 trillion (£21.1 trillion).
TY - JOUR. T1 - Arctic tundra soil bacterial communities active at subzero temperatures detected by stable isotope probing. AU - Gadkari, Preshita S.. AU - McGuinness, Lora R.. AU - Männistö, Minna K.. AU - Kerkhof, Lee J.. AU - Häggblom, Max M.. PY - 2020/2/1. Y1 - 2020/2/1. N2 - Arctic soils store vast amounts of carbon and are subject to intense climate change. While the effects of thaw on the composition and activities of Arctic tundra microorganisms has been examined extensively, little is known about the consequences of temperature fluctuations within the subzero range in seasonally frozen or permafrost soils. This study identified tundra soil bacteria active at subzero temperatures using stable isotope probing (SIP). Soils from Kilpisjärvi, Finland, were amended with 13C-cellobiose and incubated at 0, -4 and -16°C for up to 40 weeks. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of 13C-labelled DNA revealed distinct subzero-active bacterial taxa. The SIP experiments demonstrated that diverse ...
The Arctic region plays an important role in the regulation of the Earths climate. Conditions in the Arctic may suggest the existence of tipping points, including ice-albedo feedback from melting Arctic sea ice[3] and Arctic methane release from thawing permafrost and methane clathrate.[4] The speed of future retreat of the Arctic sea ice is contentious. The IPCC Fourth Assessment Report of 2007 states that in some projections, Arctic late-summer sea ice disappears almost entirely by the latter part of the 21st century. However, the ice has since undergone unexpectedly significant retreat, reaching a record low area in summer 2007 before recovering somewhat in 2008. A tipping point process could potentially commence as the Arctic region warms, if there is positive feedback with sufficient gain. Tim Lenton suggests that the retreat of sea ice is such a process, and the tipping may have started already.[5] Climate engineering has been proposed for preventing or reversing tipping point events in ...
of, pertaining to, or located at or near the North Pole: the arctic region. coming from the North Pole or the arctic region: an arctic wind. characteristic of the extremely cold, snowy, windy weather north of the Arctic Circle; frigid; bleak: an arctic winter. suitable for use in the arctic: arctic boots. extremely cold in manner, atmosphere, etc.: a look of arctic disdain. the region lying north of the Arctic Circle or of the northernmost limit of tree growth; the polar area north of the timber line. arctics, warm, waterproof overshoes. northern, literally, of the Bear. a dead body, usually of a human being. something no longer useful or viable: rusting corpses of old cars. a human or animal body, whether alive or dead. of or pertaining to the Danes, their country, or their language. a North Germanic language, the language of Denmark, closely related to Norwegian, Swedish, and Icelandic. Danish pastry. to stretch out; draw out to the full length: He extended the measuring tape as far as it ...
The Sami people are the Natives of northern Scandinavia. The knowledge of the health and living conditions of the Swedish Sami is extremely limited which is in contrast to the large amount of detailed information on health and socioeconomic issues that is available for other circumpolar Natives. The encounter with the western society and the acculturation process has for many native populations had serious health consequences, causing a dramatic increase of lifestyle related diseases such as cancer, diabetes, stroke, obesity and hypertension as well as a dramatic increase of suicide and drug abuse.. The overall objective of this thesis was to investigate the health conditions of the Sami population of Sweden using causes of death and incidences of cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) as health indicators, and to evaluate their possible association with acculturative factors such as assimilation, integration, separation and marginalization.. A Sami population was identified containing a total ...
Porifera have long been a reservoir for the discovery of bioactive compounds and drug discovery. Most research in the area has focused on sponges from tropical and temperate waters, but more recently the focus has shifted to the less accessible colder waters of the Antarctic and, to a lesser extent, the Arctic. The Antarctic region in particular has been a more popular location for natural products discovery and has provided promising candidates for drug development. This article reviews groups of bioactive compounds that have been isolated and reported from the southern reaches of the Arctic Circle, surveys the known sponge diversity present in the Arctic waters, and details a recent sponge collection by our group in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. The collection has yielded previously undescribed sponge species along with primary activity against opportunistic infectious diseases, malaria, and HCV. The discovery of new sponge species and bioactive crude extracts gives optimism for the isolation of new
Arctic soils contain large amounts of organic matter due to very slow rates of detritus decomposition. The first step in decomposition results from the activity of extracellular enzymes produced by soil microbes. We hypothesized that potential enzyme activities are low relative to the large stocks of organic matter in Arctic tundra soils, and that enzyme activity is low at in situ temperatures. We measured the potential activity of six hydrolytic enzymes at 4 and 20 °C on four sampling dates in tussock, intertussock, shrub organic, and shrub mineral soils at Toolik Lake, Alaska. Potential activities of N-acetyl glucosaminidase, β-glucosidase, and peptidase tended to be greatest at the end of winter, suggesting that microbes produced enzymes while soils were frozen. In general, enzyme activities did not increase during the Arctic summer, suggesting that enzyme production is N-limited during the period when temperatures would otherwise drive higher enzyme activity in situ. We also detected ...
Lapland is the largest and northernmost of the region of Finland. In some parts of the world, particularly Britain, Ireland and Finland itself, it is considered the traditional home of Father Christmas (Joulupukki). Rovaniemi is the capital of Finnish Lapland, located on the Northern Arctic Circle. As a travel destination, Rovaniemi is above all known as the hometown of Santa Claus, a town where the wonders of Lapland, proximity of nature, and the services provided by this modern town can easily be experienced throughout the year.Lapland belongs to a continental climatic zone characterized by snowy winters and relatively warm summers. The four seasons of Lapland distinctly differ from one another, from the wintertime period of harsh freezing temperatures and a few hours of daylight to the springtime with great ski slope conditions and the summertime with the Midnight Sun and autumn with its vibrant autumnal ruska period. The most common and best known animal is the reindeer that is an essential ...
...Thousands of scientists from 60 countries will be conducting research ...Having access to near-continuous satellite data of these regions over ...Since their advent satellites have contributed to a greater understand...International Polar Year (IPY) 2007-2008 aims to enhance international...,Earth,observation,satellites,contribute,to,international,polar,year,2007-2008,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
We are in the midst of phase of dramatic change in the Arctic, and the International Polar Year 2007/08 offers us a unique opportunity to study this dwindling ocean in collaboration with international researchers said Schauer. Oceanographers on board the research ship Polarstern are investigating the composition and circulation of the water masses, physical characteristics of sea-ice and transport of biological and geochemical components in ice and seawater. Sea-ice ecosystems in the seawater and on the ocean floor will also be a focus of investigations. Scientists will take sediments from the ocean floor in order to reconstruct the climatic history of the surrounding continents.. Oceanographic measuring buoys were set out in all regions of the Arctic ocean for the first time during this International Polar Year. They are able to drift freely in the Arctic Ocean whilst collecting data on currents, temperature, and salt content of the seawater. The buoys will continuously collect data over and ...
Introduction The aim of the research project was to examine prevalence, co-morbidity, and impact on daily life of pain and dysfunction in the jaw-face, head, and neck-shoulder regions among adult Sami women in northern Sweden. The aim of the qualitative part of the study was to explore, thoughts, experiences, and beliefs regarding temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among Sami women with and without TMD, to gain insights into their health care experiences.. Methods The research project used a mixed methods approach including questionnaire analysis, a case-control study, and thematic interviews. The study population (Papers I and III) included 487 women living in the Arctic region of northern Sweden and enrolled in the register of the Swedish Sami Parliament or registered as reindeer owners or reindeer herders in the Swedish Board of Agriculture. Two years after the questionnaire study, 22 women (cases) with longstanding, intense, and frequent symptoms indicative of TMD, together with 46 ...
January 26, 2010. Demonstrating that the burden of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) is not just dependent on climate, but mainly related to incidence of poverty, a new paper published in the open-access journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases details the large number of neglected infections of poverty in the Arctic region and calls for greater research into these devastating, debilitating and sometimes deadly diseases in the region.. One of the most dramatic illustrations of poverty as the single most important determinant of neglected infections among human populations is the observation that these conditions occur among the poorest people in the Arctic region, states the papers author, Dr. Peter Hotez, President of the Sabin Vaccine Institute and Distinguished Research Professor at George Washington University. Hotez notes that there are a dozen neglected infections of poverty in the region, most of which are foodborne.. There are seven countries with significant territory in the Arctic, ...
Polarstern, a German research vessel, is about to embark on its icy journey across the Arctic. The four researchers from the University of Helsinki on board will be analysing the Arctic atmosphere and the processes that take place in it.
The Prirazlomnoye field was the scene of an environmental protest in the autumn of 2013 that saw 30 Greenpeace member arrested by Russia on charges of piracy.. Miller also noted his companys completion of the Gates of the Arctic offshore offloading terminal that will pave the way for year-round oil supplies from the Novoportovskoye field in the Yamal Peninsula in northwest Siberia.. Commenting on Gazproms downstream operations, Miller said that the firm is fortifying its position in the European gas market, noting the signing of a deal to construct the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.. This new gas transmission route placed under the Baltic Sea will substantially boost the reliability of gas supply to Europe for decades to come. In order to feed gas into Nord Stream 2 we are creating gas transmission infrastructure across Russia. We have already set to construction its key part - the Ukhta-Torzhok-2 gas pipeline - [which has] great importance not only for gas export, but also for developing ...
FinnTribune report: The two-day seventh Arctic Business Forum in Rovaniemi wrapped up on Thursday with a visionary target of sustainable growth and extensive cooperation among the Arctic countries.. Speakers on the concluding day emphasised collective efforts to improve the regions visibility among the potential investors.. The key topics of the last days discussions were investment, transportation, logistics, innovation, financing, Arctic nature products, the future of European Arctic region, and the business environment in the Arctic region.. The discussions on Thursday were held in the Korundi hall. Canadian Ambassador to Finland Andree Cooligan and Russian Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industrys International Cooperation Department Deputy Director Tatiana Legchilina addressed the opening session of the day.. Cooligan said alternative and renewable energy and sustainability of the north, increased knowledge, and terrestrial and marine cryosphere to support adaptation and improve ...
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We must define the borders in the north of our country, where the Arctic lies. Our estimate is that it makes up 18% of our territory. And we are saying that 20,000 kilometers of the state border runs in this region, Patrushev told journalists after a Security Council meeting ...
Faculty, Staff, Publications, Programs, Courses and News for the Arctic at the Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington.
various parts of the Palæarctic Region. These are-a) Manis (the Scaly Ant-eater), froin the Pliocene of Samos; (6) Rhinoceros, which existed in various parts of Europe from the Miocene up to the Pleistocene times; (c) Elephas, which first appears in Pliocene times, and extends to late Pleistocene in Europe; and (d) Viverra, which commences earlier than the others, and also survived until Pliocene times in Europe. The three remaining genera common to India and Africa, but not hitherto found in fossil state in the Palæarctic Region, are Golunda (a Rat), Atherura (a Porcupine), and Nycteris (a small insectivorous Bat).. It is quite possible that these animals may eventually be discovered in the European Tertiaries. Besides this, the remains of a considerable number of the now endemic African genera have been found fossil in Europe. The list of these is instructive, and points almost unquestionably to the conclusion that Africa has been gradually peopled by successive inroads of animals from the ...
various parts of the Palæarctic Region. These are-a) Manis (the Scaly Ant-eater), froin the Pliocene of Samos; (6) Rhinoceros, which existed in various parts of Europe from the Miocene up to the Pleistocene times; (c) Elephas, which first appears in Pliocene times, and extends to late Pleistocene in Europe; and (d) Viverra, which commences earlier than the others, and also survived until Pliocene times in Europe. The three remaining genera common to India and Africa, but not hitherto found in fossil state in the Palæarctic Region, are Golunda (a Rat), Atherura (a Porcupine), and Nycteris (a small insectivorous Bat).. It is quite possible that these animals may eventually be discovered in the European Tertiaries. Besides this, the remains of a considerable number of the now endemic African genera have been found fossil in Europe. The list of these is instructive, and points almost unquestionably to the conclusion that Africa has been gradually peopled by successive inroads of animals from the ...
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Arctic lakes are a significant source of the greenhouse gas methane (CH4), but the role that methane oxidizing bacteria (methanotrophs) play in limiting the overall CH4 flux is poorly understood. Here, we used stable isotope probing (SIP) techniques to identify the metabolically active aerobic methanotrophs in upper sediments (0-1 cm) from an arctic lake in northern Alaska sampled during ice-free summer conditions. The highest CH4 oxidation potential was observed in the upper sediment (0-1 cm depth) with 1.59 μmol g wet weight-1 day-1 compared with the deeper sediment samples (1-3 cm, 3-5 cm and 5-10 cm), which exhibited CH4 oxidation potentials below 0.4 μmol g wet weight-1 day-1. Both type I and type II methanotrophs were directly detected in the upper sediment total communities using targeted primer sets based on 16S rRNA genes. Sequencing of 16S rRNA genes and functional genes (pmoA and mxaF) in the 13C-DNA from the upper...
Interestingly, this low sea ice extent has not evoked any major media attention - corresponding news seemed out of place in the light of this rainy summer, some journalists said. But climatologically, Julys Arctic sea ice record minimum is very important, says Dirk Notz: usually, sea ice serves as a solar mirror and reflects the incoming sunlight back into outer space - with a strong cooling effect for the Arctic region. If, like this year, this solar mirror is significantly reduced at a point in time when the sun is high in the sky around the clock, the cooling effect is much smaller. The unusually large areas of open water take up significant amounts of heat, which in turn causes additional melt of the remaining ice at its bottom. The heat uptake by the ocean additionally delays the formation of new ice in autumn. In this context, the members of the Max Planck Research Group The Sea Ice in the Earth System around Dirk Notz are investigating how this loss of sea ice influences the Arctic sea ...
Cyclic parthenogenesis is the ancestral mode of reproduction in the cladoceran crustacean, Daphnia pulex, but some populations have made the transition to obligate parthenogenesis and this is the only mode of reproduction known to occur in arctic populations. Melanism and polyploidy are also common in arctic populations of this species. Prior allozyme studies of arctic D. pulex revealed substantial levels of clonal diversity on a regional scale. Clonal groupings based on cluster analysis of allozyme genotypes do not conform to groupings based on the presence/absence of melanin or on ploidy level. In order to further elucidate genetic relationships among arctic D. pulex clones, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation was examined in 31 populations from two Canadian high-arctic sites. The data were also compared to a previous study of mtDNA variation in populations from a Canadian low-arctic site. Cladistic analysis of restriction site variation of the entire mitochondrial genome and nucleotide ...
The Arctic Marine Strategic Plan (AMSP) was endorsed by Arctic Council Ministers in November 2004. The Arctic Councils vision for the Arctic marine environment is: A healthy and productive Arctic Ocean and coasts that ...
Its been a week since I announced that the ice in the Beaufort Sea was going to come under early pressure. Heres a quick update on what has happened so far, how the forecast played out, and what the short-term conditions for this part of the Arctic will be. As...
Its been a week since I announced that the ice in the Beaufort Sea was going to come under early pressure. Heres a quick update on what has happened so far, how the forecast played out, and what the short-term conditions for this part of the Arctic will be. As...
Welcome to the Derm Blog Local Pages. Here you will find local information about Jan Marini in Beaufort, SC and products that may be of interest to you. In addition to a number of relevant products you can purchase from us online, we have also compiled a list of businesses and services around Beaufort, including Cosmetic Retailers, Cosmetics, and Dermatologists that should help with your search in Beaufort. We hope this page satisfies your local needs. Before you take a look at the local resources, please browse through our competitively priced products that you can order from the comfort of your own home.
NOAA scientist Sue Moore reported at the 2010 Alaska Marine Science Symposium on a study that related the changes in Arctic sea ice extent with the movements and habitats of polar bears, walruses, and gray whales in the Pacific side of the Arctic region.
An intricate maze of islands protects Norways coastline. We celebrate crossing the Arctic Circle and visit special places, like Sør Gjaeslingan, once home to a busy cod-fishing fleet. Today it provides fantastic birdlife, including kittiwakes, terns and skuas that migrate here each summer. Continuing north, we pass by Torghatten, a mountain with a distinctive hole through it, and learn the fable of lost love and a trolls arrow. Majestic scenery delights in Lofoten Islands, from romantic beaches to narrow fjords hemmed by granite walls. Share the water with orcas, the skies with puffins ...
Summer outdoor activities in childhood and adolescence are associated with a reduced risk of MS even north of the Arctic Circle. Supplemental cod-liver oil may be protective when sun exposure is less, suggesting that both climate and diet may interact to influence MS risk at a population level.
Arctic Circle Ale is a Sahti style beer brewed by Malmgårdin Panimo in Malmgård, Finland. 3.94 average with 145 ratings, reviews and opinions.
There are 130 calories in 1 serving of Arctic Circle Honey Mustard Sauce. Youd need to walk 36 minutes to burn 130 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
Journal of Ecology 2007 What is the relationship between changes in canopy leaf Blackwell Publishing Ltd area and changes in photosynthetic CO 2 flux in arctic ecosystems? L. E. STREET, G. R. SHAVER, M.
Lapland Yllas Santa short Break (Inghams) - Review of Lapland (Finland) compare prices for Finland Experience . Read 21 reviews about Lapland (Finland) and find good travel tips.
As Arctic sea ice continues to melt, this November marked the close of the longest Arctic sailing and shipping season ever recorded. Please join Scott Borgerson and Paula Dobriansky to discuss the economic, environmental, and security implications of a changing Arctic region and its significance for the United States.
Dont be misled by the small-town ambiance. Beaufort believes that arts sustain the quality of life. Its art scene flourishes with a wealth of performing and visual arts offerings for the artist, patron, collector or the casual browser. John Villani consistently cites Beaufort as one of Americas Best Art Towns in his book of the same name, and the town was ranked number 14 by American Style in its cover article National Treasures: Top 25 Cities for Art in 2008.. Thanks to the Arts Council of Beaufort County (ACBC), new and emerging artists can access affordable space to create and exhibit at ARTworks, a 12,000-square-foot community art center, theater and gallery located in Beaufort Town Center. Arts incubation is nourished through the variety of adult classes and after-school childrens programs available. Dozens of galleries have cropped up along the streets of historic Beaufort as well as its neighboring communities, and feature local, regional and international artists. Beaufort also ...
Named iisPACS (Isotopic Investigation of Sea-ice and Precipitation in the Arctic Climate System), the project allows Feng and Posmentier to combine their research specialties to study climate change in a unique way. Fengs work is primarily in geochemistry and hydrochemistry, while Posmentier focuses on geophysics including physical oceanography, marine weather, and climatology.. Their collaborative work will investigate the impacts of changing sea ice on evaporation and precipitation in the Arctic. As sea ice melts with warming, the ocean surface evaporates more rapidly and produces heavier precipitation in the Arctic region in the form of snow, thus whitening the land and causing the surface to reflect more sunlight and cool. This negative feedback mechanism in the climate system tends to stabilize the climate and dampen climate change. Feng and Posmentier will use isotopic compositions of storm-by-storm samples of precipitation, pan-Arctic meteorological data and numerical modeling to ...
February 25, 2009. GENEVA (AFP) - Icecaps around the North and South Poles are melting faster and in a more widespread manner than expected, raising sea levels and fuelling climate change, a major scientific survey showed Wednesday.. The International Polar Year survey found that warming in the Antarctic is much more widespread than was thought, while Arctic sea ice is diminishing and the melting of Greenlands ice cover is accelerating.. The frozen and often inaccessible polar regions have long been regarded as some of the most sensitive barometers of environmental change and global warming because of their influence on the worlds oceans and atmosphere.. Preliminary findings from the two year survey by thousands of scientists revealed new evidence that the ocean around the Antarctic has warmed more rapidly than the global average, the World Meteorological Organisation and the International Council for Science said in a statement.. Meanwhile, shifts in temperature patterns deep underwater ...
September Arctic sea ice extent data since 1980 from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (blue diamonds). Recovery years, meaning years when the sea ice extent is greater than the previous year, are highlighted in red to mock the repeated cynical claims of climate change skeptics that global warming has somehow stopped. Many factors affect the annual summer decrease in Arctic sea ice extent, and it is illogical at best to claim any trend by cherry-picking only brief periods of data. The obvious true long-term trend in Arctic sea ice extent (red second-order polynomial curve fit) is that it is declining at an accelerating rate. ...
Scientists predicted a decade ago that Arctic ice loss would shift storm tracks and bring on worse western droughts of the kind we are now seeing. Recent studies find that Arctic sea ice loss may well usher changes in the jet stream that lead to more U.S. extreme weather events (see here and here).. Several studies also suggest that in Arctic sea ice loss is driving more extreme weather in other parts of the world (see review here).. Now a new study in Environmental Research Letters, Influence of Arctic sea ice on European summer precipitation finds a a causal link between observed sea ice anomalies, large-scale atmospheric circulation and increased summer rainfall over northern Europe. The University of Exeter news release explains:. ...
Figure 9. Reconstructed (1935-1979), measured (1979-2016), and projected Arctic sea ice extent between 1890-2090. Source of original figure: NCA. Red dashed line, 1979-2011 exponential fit. Orange dashed line, 1935-2015 sinusoidal AMO fit with AMO trend from figure 8. Red box, satellite data window. Forward projections are completely different, and AMO model is the only one predicting two or more decades of no significant Arctic ice melting or even ice growth.. Based on exponential fit or linear acceleration a group of scientists headed by Peter Wadhams and Wieslaw Maslowki, and parroted by Al Gore, defended a complete melting of Arctic sea ice by 2012-2020. They are completely discredited already in scientific circles, which doesnt prevent them from reaching to the media and contributing to the fear campaign without being contradicted.. Based on accelerating melting, more mainstream ice scientists like Mark Serreze, director of NSIDC, defend 1 million km2 ice free conditions by 2030.. IPCC ...
Current knowledge on Arctic sea ice extent and thickness variability is reviewed, and we examine whether measurements to date provide evidence for the impact of climate change. The total Arctic ice extent has shown a small but significant reduction of (2.1 ± 0.9)% during the period 1978-87, after apparently increasing from a lower level in the early 1970s. However, open water within the pack ice limit has also diminished, so that the reduction of sea ice area is only (1.8 ± 1.2)%. This stability conceals large interannual variations and trends in individual regions of the Arctic Ocean and sub-Arctic seas, which are out of phase with one another and so have little net impact on the overall hemispheric ice extent. The maximum annual global extent (occurring during the Antarctic winter) shows a more significant decrease of 5% during 1972-87. Ice thickness distribution has been measured by submarine sonar profiling, moored upward sonars, airborne laser prohlometry, airborne electromagnetic ...
Sea ice increases in Antarctica do not make up for the accelerated Arctic sea ice loss of the last decades, a new NASA study finds. As a whole, the planet has been shedding sea ice at an average annual rate of 13,500 square miles (35,000 square kilometers) since 1979, the equivalent of losing an area of sea ice larger than the state of Maryland every year.
Email: [email protected] The Arctic sea ice cover is made up of discrete units of sea ice area called floes. The size of these floes has an impact on several sea ice processes including the volume of melt produced at floe edges, the momentum exchange between the sea ice, ocean, and atmosphere, and the mechanical response…
We sometimes feel like were repeating ourselves when we talk about Arctic sea ice - because we are. In recent months, sea ice extent has been again reaching record lows - right now, its at a second-low record, just behind the 2007 record. The past five years have seen the five lowest sea ice extents recorded. If this isnt a worrying downward trend, I dont know what is.. We are causing this melt. There is just no going around it. If data and graphs and scientific research dont quite bring the point home, how about a really, really, really big piece of art?. Ive talked to a lot of people about this piece of art by John Quigley - and heard just as many interpretation of what the message is.. This is what John Quigley had to say about it: We came here to create the Melting Vitruvian Man, after Da Vincis famous sketch of the human body, because climate change is literally eating into the body of our civilisation. When he did this sketch it was the Enlightenment, the Renaissance, the dawn of ...
The record Arctic sea ice decline this year has predictably and deservedly received a fair amonut of media attention. Jonathan Leake of the Sunday Times recently penned an article on the impending sea ice record. The bulk of the article was quite good, but at the end succumbed to the standard mainstream media practice of seeking balance, thus including some comments by John Christy. Christy has become very reliable for arguing that anything and everything related to climate change probably just boils down to natural variability, as he recently told US Congress was the case with regards to the frequency of extreme weather events, contrary to the body of peer-reviewed scientific literature.
The National Snow and Ice Data Center has announced that the Arctic sea ice appears to have reached its minimum extent for 2008. On Sept. 12, 2008 sea ice extent dropped to 4.52 million square kilometers (1.74 million square miles), the data center reported. This appears to have been the lowest p...
Scientists have linked the decline in Arctic sea ice to the emergence of a deadly virus that could threaten marine mammals in the North Pacific, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.
Arctic sea ice is like the fabled canary in a coal mine when it comes to global warming. The far north is very sensitive to changes in climate, with te ...
As Suzanne Goldenberg reported in The Guardian yesterday, Arctic sea ice appears to have reached its annual minimum extent, at approximately 5.1 million square kilometers. This is the 6th-lowest extent since the satellite record began in 1979.
The goal of this project is to understand and predict the properties and formation conditions of atmospheric ice clouds and mixed-phase clouds (clouds that contain both ice particles and liquid water droplets) in the Arctic region. We will accomplish this goal by carrying out the following tasks:. (1) Through a series of focused laboratory studies, we will determine conditions at which ice nucleates on or in aerosol particles relevant for the Arctic region. Specifically, we will determine the conditions at which ice nucleates in water, aqueous ammonium sulfate, and aqueous sulfuric acid particles containing soot and mineral dust inclusions.. (2) From the laboratory data, we will determine the parameters necessary for improving the description of ice nucleation in atmospheric models.. The results from the laboratory experiments will be used to derive ice nucleation rates as well as relationships between the probability of freezing and temperature, ice saturation ratio, and size of the insoluble ...
The amount of gas in the atmosphere causes seasonal changes Research has been conducted recently to discover new facts about the season. In particular, the mechanism reveals how the gases that make up the atmosphere circulate and create seasons.. NASAs Mars Research Program (MEP) announced today that researchers have analyzed atmospheric gases that fill the surface of the Galle Crater and have been able to measure seasonal changes for the first time.. This is the first time we have analyzed how Mars seasonal changes have occurred since the Mars study.. According to the study, the seasonal changes on Mars begin in the Antarctic and Arctic regions where carbon dioxide is frozen. If carbon dioxide is too frozen in winter, the pressure is reduced because the gas is reduced throughout the atmosphere.. In the spring and summer, however, temperatures in the Antarctic and Arctic regions decrease and frozen carbon dioxide begins to evaporate. It mixes with gases in other atmospheres, increasing the ...
Sea ice loss makes it warmer February 20, 2013 Arctic Sea Ice Loss: Its Worse Than We Thought Loss of Arctic sea ice is significant because it can contribute to positive feedback mechanisms that can accelerate global warming even further. Arctic Sea Ice Loss: Its Worse Than We Thought Sea ice loss makes it colder…
Anthony Watts at Watts Up With That points out a curious thing about reporting of Arctic sea ice extent. It seems that IPCC reports after 1990 and current federal government agencies show graphs of the Arctic sea ice extent that all begin in 1979, see example below: This gives the impression that Arctic sea ice…
I used field data in the Fyrsjöen catchment that was collected by Jonas à kerman, also Arctic sea ice area, Arctic sea ice extent in numeric format and Arctic sea ice extent in shapefile format in ... ...
This PhD deals with spatial and temporal community patterns in Barents Sea marine food webs and benthic communities in Svalbard. A main aim of this PhD project has been to study how community and food-web structure changes along environmental and climatic gradients, and to elucidate how species respond to climate warming in the Arctic. We used network analysis to study how the network of who eats whom in the Barents Sea changes from the boreal, warm-water regions in the southwest to the cold-water, arctic regions in the northeast. We documented differences in the food-web structure across the entire Barents Sea, separating biogeographic food-web regions. Our study provides further evidence that food-web structure is linked to broad-scale environmental gradients through environmental constraints on niche space and environmental filtering of species spatial distributions. We also showed that the current climate-driven poleward shift of boreal fish in the Barents Sea affects the arctic food web by ...
Furthermore, they demonstrate that the invasion of warm Atlantic water masses further east, at the northern edge of the Laptev Sea, can have such a long-term impact on the increase in ice thickness that the effects are evident a year later, when the ice has drifted towards Greenland via the North Pole and leaves the Arctic through Fram Strait. This study also includes data from the MOSAiC expedition.. Marine researchers refer to this increasing influx of warm Atlantic water masses into the Arctic Ocean as Atlantification. To date, this process has mainly been investigated from an oceanographic perspective. In two new studies, AWI sea-ice physicists have, for the first time, estimated the effects of the input of heat on the sea-ice growth in the Arctic. Of note here: in those places where the sea ice completely melts in summer, in the following winter the sea releases especially large amounts of heat into the atmosphere. As a result, the sea freezes so rapidly that it compensates for the ...
Unlike most Arctic research teams, ICESCAPE headed deep into the Chukchi Sea ice pack, north of the Bering Strait. The research cruise, consisting of prominent scientists in the fields of oceanography, biology, chemistry and optics, was intended to improve NASAs remote monitoring of the Arctics changing conditions.. Suddenly, the fluorometer - the fluorescence-measuring device used to estimate the algal content of water - went nuts, Arrigo said. We thought there was something wrong with the instrument.. Most models of biological production in the Arctic Ocean assume a value of zero below pack ice. Sea ice and snow cover have historically reflected incoming solar radiation, leaving no sunlight for plankton in the water below.. Not only was the value not zero, said Arrigo, production was higher there than it was in open water.. Based on samples from surrounding water and on the species of algae in the bloom, the scientists confirmed that the phytoplankton had not drifted under the ice ...
Methane emissions from Arctic tundra increase when sea ice melts, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden. This connection has been suspected before, but has lacked strong evidence until now.
Sea ice is salt water. It has a lower freezing point than continental ice which is frozen fresh water. Antarctica is a continent. The Arctic is not. The closest land mass to the Arctic is Greenland. Continental ice both in Antarctica & on Greenland is shrinking. There is a lot more fresh water entering the ocean in the southern hemisphere of course, which is why sea ice around the Antarctic is increasing temporarily. That is, fresh water entering the sea decreases salinity & raises the freezing point. In other words, the fact that sea ice is only increasing at one pole is further proof that climate change is real. This is basic science that one should understand before going to the effort of creating a site full of bogus claims & unscientific nonsense. Now huge releases of frozen methane are being observed from the ocean floor & from the permafrost regions of the northern hemisphere. Unfortunately, all this correlates exactly with climate change models that have existed for almost 40 years ...
Sea ice is salt water. It has a lower freezing point than continental ice which is frozen fresh water. Antarctica is a continent. The Arctic is not. The closest land mass to the Arctic is Greenland. Continental ice both in Antarctica & on Greenland is shrinking. There is a lot more fresh water entering the ocean in the southern hemisphere of course, which is why sea ice around the Antarctic is increasing temporarily. That is, fresh water entering the sea decreases salinity & raises the freezing point. In other words, the fact that sea ice is only increasing at one pole is further proof that climate change is real. This is basic science that one should understand before going to the effort of creating a site full of bogus claims & unscientific nonsense. Now huge releases of frozen methane are being observed from the ocean floor & from the permafrost regions of the northern hemisphere. Unfortunately, all this correlates exactly with climate change models that have existed for almost 40 years ...
Queens researchers have discovered that nanoparticles, which are now present in everything from socks to salad dressing and suntan lotion, may have irreparably damaging effects on soil systems and the environment.. Millions of tonnes of nanoparticles are now manufactured every year, including silver nanoparticles which are popular as antibacterial agents, says Virginia Walker, a professor in the Department of Biology. We started to wonder what the impact of all these nanoparticles might be on the environment, particularly on soil.. The team acquired a sample of soil from the Arctic as part of their involvement in the International Polar Year initiative. The soil was sourced from a remote Arctic site as they felt that this soil stood the greatest chance of being uncontaminated by any nanoparticles.. We hadnt thought we would see much of an impact, but instead our results indicate that silver nanoparticles can be classified as highly toxic to microbial communities. This is particularly ...
Arctic sea ice helps keep Earth cool, as its bright surface reflects the Suns energy back into space. Each year scientists use multiple satellites and data sets to track how much of the Arctic Ocean is covered in sea ice, but its thickness is harder to gauge. Initial results from NASAs new Ice Cloud and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) suggest that the sea ice has thinned by as much as 20% since the end of the first ICESat mission (2003-2009), contrary to existing studies that find sea ice thickness has remained relatively constant in the last decade.
While the modern satellite data record for sea ice begins in late 1978, some data are available from earlier satellite programs. NSIDC has been involved in a project to map sea ice extent using visible and infrared band data from NASAs Nimbus 1, 2, and 3 spacecraft, which were launched in 1964, 1966, and 1969. Analysis of the Nimbus data has revealed Antarctic sea ice extents that are significantly larger and smaller than seen in the modern 1979 to 2012 satellite passive microwave record. The September 1964 average ice extent for the Antarctic is 19.7 ± 0.3 million square kilometers (7.6 million ± 0.1 square miles. This is more than 250,000 square kilometers (97,000 square miles) greater than the 19.44 million square kilometers (7.51 million square miles) seen in 2012, the record maximum in the modern data record. However, in August 1966 the maximum sea ice extent fell to 15.9 ± 0.3 million square kilometers (6.1 ± 0.1 million square miles). This is more than 1.5 million square kilometers ...
Greenlands ice sheet melted nearly 19 billion tons more than the previous high mark, and the volume of Arctic sea ice at summers end was half what it was just four years earlier, according to new NASA satellite data obtained by The Associated Press.. The Arctic is screaming, said Mark Serreze, senior scientist at the governments snow and ice data center in Boulder, Colorado.. Just last year, two top scientists surprised their colleagues by projecting that the Arctic sea ice was melting so rapidly that it could disappear entirely by the summer of 2040.. This week, after reviewing his own new data, NASA climate scientist Jay Zwally said: At this rate, the Arctic Ocean could be nearly ice-free at the end of summer by 2012, much faster than previous predictions.. So scientists in recent days have been asking themselves these questions: Was the record melt seen all over the Arctic in 2007 a blip amid relentless and steady warming? Or has everything sped up to a new climate cycle that goes ...
Spitsbergen 2009/09/29-10/06 - Spitsbergen | Svalbard - Spitsbergen 29 September - 06 Oktober 2009 with SV Noorderlicht - Triplog with photo gallery
Current estimates of global marine primary production range over a factor of two. At high latitudes, the uncertainty is even larger than globally because here in-situ data and ocean color observations are scarce, and the phytoplankton absorption shows specific characteristics due to the low-light adaptation. The improvement of the primary production estimates requires an accurate knowledge on the chlorophyll vertical profile, which is the basis for most primary production models. To date, studies describing the typical chlorophyll profile based on the chlorophyll in the surface layer did not include the Arctic region or, if it was included, the dependence of the profile shape on surface concentration was neglected. The goal of our study was to derive and describe the typical Greenland Sea chlorophyll profiles, categorized according to the chlorophyll concentration in the surface layer and further monthly resolved. The Greenland Sea was chosen because it is known to be one of the most productive ...
Cultural regionsEdit. North AmericaEdit. ArcticEdit. Several Inuit communities, such as the Netsilik, Sadlermiut, Utkuhiksalik ... In regions of terra preta, or "black earth", of the Amazon rainforest, an abundance of potsherds were used to develop the soil ... The Tiwanaku civilizations originated in Lake Titicaca region of Bolivia, and a staff-bearing deity figured largely in their ... "Historic Inuit Pottery in the Eastern Canadian Arctic: Abstract." Polar Record. (1986), 23: pp. 319-322. (Retrieved 4 Nov 2011 ...
The Arctic, Africa, small islands, Asian megadeltas and the Middle East are regions that are likely to be especially affected ... In other words, regions which are dry at present will in general become even drier, while regions that are currently wet will ... Many arctic animals rely on sea ice, which has been disappearing in a warming Arctic. ... such as the waters surrounding Antarctica and the Arctic.[90] The cryosphere, especially the polar regions, is extremely ...
Swans are hunted in the Arctic regions.. Conservation and the Duck Stamp Act[edit]. ... It is used by nearly all waterfowl species in that region.. Waterfowl conservation[edit]. Due to extensive market hunting from ... In the 1960s to the mid 1980s the upper Santee swamp's upper Lake Marion region used to winter over 150,000 mallards each and ... The Rocky Mountain Flyway is used by waterfowl of that region to fly from Alberta and Saskatchewan Canada to Texas, the Gulf ...
... sericea[Note 5] (red osier dogwood). Northern and western North America, except Arctic regions. ...
Upland Finland extends beyond the Arctic Circle. The extreme north of this region is known as Lapland. The highest points in ... Upland Finland is covered by Arctic scrub. Finland lacks true arctic tundra but has alpine tundra on top of fells. ... In the southern upland region the hills are undulating, while in the north they are rugged. Much of upland Finland is not ... The interior lake district is the largest geographic region, and it is perhaps what most foreigners think of when they imagine ...
... Island (Nunavut), in the Arctic region of Canada. *Resolution Island, New Zealand, the largest (uninhabited) island ... Fort Resolution, a hamlet in the South Slave Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada ...
The hollow region in front of the ear canal is called the concha. The ear canal stretches for about 1 inch (2.5 cm). The first ... The ear develops in the lower neck region and moves upwards as the mandible develops. ...
They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 2 ... Lists of birds by region. References[edit]. *. Lepage, Denis. "Checklist of birds of Malaysia". Bird Checklists of the World. ... The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of ...
Bodies of water of Qikiqtaaluk Region. *Seas of Greenland. *Marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean ... E. C. Pielou (1 November 1994). A naturalist's guide to the Arctic. pp. 235, 292. ISBN 978-0-226-66814-7.. ... It is also an occasional prey of the walrus and Arctic fox.[22] Most large animals of the bay are being traditionally hunted, ... The narrower Nares Strait connects Baffin Bay with the Arctic Ocean. The bay is not navigable most of the year because of the ...
Warming at equilibrium would be 2-3 times as great over the polar regions as over the tropics; and probably greater over the ... arctic (page 30). *Sea level might rise 70 cm over a century from thermal expansion, and melting of alpine glaciers. There was ...
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 1921, The friendly Arctic; the story of five years in polar regions G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, New ... The region is blanketed by dry and cold Arctic air masses for most of the year. Warmer and more humid air can reach the island ... Arctic Ocean. Coordinates. 71°14′N 179°25′W / 71.233°N 179.417°W / 71.233; -179.417Coordinates: 71°14′N 179°25′W / 71.233° ... Muir, John, 1917, The Cruise of the Corwin: Journal of the Arctic Expedition of 1881 in search of De Long and the Jeannette. ...
Arctic islands of the Northeast Atlantic Branta canadensis. Canada goose. Temperate regions of North America ... They occur in the northern coastal regions of the Palearctic and all over North America, migrating to more southernly coasts in ... Arctic Siberia, mainly on the Taymyr Peninsula, with smaller populations in the Gydan and Yamal peninsulas, northwestern shores ... High-Arctic tundra. Circumpolar; several distinct breeding populations, which winter in particular areas (some of which overlap ...
They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. ... Arctic warbler (Phylloscopus borealis) - C/WVPM - parks, woodlands. White-eyes, yuhinas, and allies[edit]. Order: Passeriformes ... The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of ... Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They ...
They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. ...
They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. ... The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of ... Locustellidae are a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They ... Lists of birds by region. References[edit]. *. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q ...
Arctic 6:149-162. *^ a b Halliday, W.E.D.; Brown, A.W.A. 1943. The distribution of some important forest trees in Canada. ... Eastern forest cover types, Boreal Forest Region: white spruce. p.15 in Eyre, F.H. (Ed.). Forest Cover Types of the United ... a b Viereck, L.A. (1970a). "Forest succession and soil development adjacent to the Chena River in interior Alaska." Arctic Alp ... During the summer solstice, day length values range from 17 hours at its southern limits to 24 hours above the Arctic Circle.[7 ...
Army evaluated their need for nuclear reactor plants that would be operable in remote regions of the Arctic. The reactors were ... The deliberate choice of a smaller fuel loading made the region near the center more active than it would have been with 59 ... such as radar sites near the Arctic Circle, and those in the DEW Line.[8] The design power was 3 MW (thermal),[9] but some 4.7 ...
Train local people in the Chaco region of South America to protect the biodiversity of this environment. Mark Kendall, ... Raise awareness of global warming through an Arctic crossing. Claudia Feh, Switzerland. Reintroduce the endangered Przewalski ... Gather vital new knowledge about the little-known western Patagonia region. Zenón Gomel Apaza, Peru. Transform Andean ...
Several large fields are, however, not yet in production, especially massive resources in the Arctic region. ... This is the area where gas was first produced in western Canada, and it is still a major producing region. This continuously ... As deregulation put an end to vertically integrated gas delivery and marketing, consuming regions began crying for additional ...
Kivalliq region. Elder Chief of Koyukuk and chair for the Western Arctic Caribou Herd Working Group, Benedict Jones, or ... nov.: compared with reindeer from other Arctic regions". Acta Arctica. 10: 1-57.. ... The Caribou Inuit are inland-dwelling Inuit in present-day Nunavut's Keewatin Region, Canada, now known as the Kivalliq Region ... Russell, Don E.; Gunn, A. (20 November 2013), Migratory Tundra Rangifer, Annual Arctic Report Card, NOAA Arctic Research ...
Shamans are divided into two classes: "great" shamans of arctic regions and "little" shamans from the taiga. Shamans often are ... The harsh climatic conditions of the region have in turn created a fragile balance between humans, society and the environment ... "Family Farming in Russian Regions, Small-Scale Agriculture and Food Supporting Russia's Food Self-Sufficiency : Journal of ... and Almaty Regions." Reports of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, ISSN 2224-5227, Volume 6, ...
15] The construction and operating of the DEW Line provided some economic development for the Arctic region. This provided ... was a system of radar stations in the far northern Arctic region of Canada, with additional stations along the North Coast and ... The line would run roughly along the 69th parallel north, about 200 miles or 300 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle.[4] ... In all, 460,000 tons of materials were moved from the US and southern Canada to the Arctic by air, land, and sea.[5] ...
One chapter Shang Yang titled "Reflections on the One," The Book of the Governor of the Shang Region, (p. 150). ... Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples. ... Sorghum was domesticated in the Sahel region of Africa by 7,000 years ago. Cotton was domesticated in Peru by 5,600 years ago,[ ... The Book of the Governor of the Shang Region,( tr. L. S. Perelomov, Moscow: Nauka, 1993, p. 153). ...
Hans Nansen (1598-1667), a trader, was an early explorer of the White Sea region of the Arctic Ocean. In later life he settled ... as In Northern Mists: Arctic Exploration in Early Times, 1911.. *Gjennem Sibirien. Jacob Dybwads forlag, Kristiania, 1914. Tr. ... Northern Waters: Captain Roald Amundsen's Oceanographic Observations in the Arctic Seas in 1901. J. Dybwad, 1906. ... 1989). "The first oceanographic section across the Nansen Basin in the Arctic Ocean". Deep-Sea Research Part A. 36 (3): 475. ...
It is native to arctic and temperate regions of North America, and its migration occasionally reaches northern Europe. It has ... Known predators of eggs and goslings include coyotes,[42] Arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus), northern raccoons (Procyon lotor), red ... There are also resident Atlantic coast populations, such as on Chesapeake Bay, in Virginia's James River regions, and in the ... The Great Lakes region maintains a very large population of Canada geese. Canada geese occur year-round in the southern part of ...
In 2002, the program expanded to include three parks in the Pacific West Region. The goal is to reduce backlogged work and to ... These areas and the plants and animals adapted to these conditions spread from the arctic to the equator. The shrinking ... National Park Service Almanac, Edited and Compiled by Ben Moffett and Vickie Carson: Rocky Mountain Region, National Park ... NATIONAL PARK SERVICE ALMANAC, Edited and Compiled by Ben Moffett and Vickie Carson, Rocky Mountain Region - Public Affairs, ...
The peregrine's breeding range includes land regions from the Arctic tundra to the tropics. It can be found nearly everywhere ... It is found in Australia in all regions except the southwest. It is non-migratory. It is similar to brookei in appearance, but ... Blondel, J.; Aronson, J. (1999). Biology and Wildlife of the Mediterranean Region. Oxford University Press. p. 136. ISBN 978-0- ... It is found in the Arctic tundra of North America to Greenland, and migrates to wintering grounds in Central and South America. ...
1949 - Movements of Arctic Fox Populations in the Region of Baffin Bay and Smith Sound, University Press, ... 1971 - Notes on the Fauna of Rotting Wood in the Spey Valley Region, Inverness-shire, Entomologist's Monthly Magazine Limited, ...
This region has warm and sometimes hot summers with colder, longer winters, ample snowfall (even in regions not directly in the ... The climate of Ontario varies by season and location.[16] It is affected by three air sources: cold, dry, arctic air from the ... "Canada West - historical region, Canada". Encyclopedia Britannica.. *^ "About Ontario". Queen's Printer for Ontario. February ... York Region York Lions Stadium Transportation[edit]. Transportation routes in Ontario evolved from early waterway travel and ...
The third region, known as the Southern province which is a narrow region from Sault Ste. Marie to Kirkland Lake, is made of ... The climate of Ontario varies by season and location.[19] It is affected by three air sources: cold, dry, arctic air from the ... the geology of the region is dominated by granite and gneiss rocks.[11] The central region of the Shield, known as the ... Region. North America. Eastern Canada. Central Canada. Coordinates. 49°15′0″N 84°29′59″W / 49.25000°N 84.49972°W / 49.25000 ...
Barnes, Brian M. (1989). "Freeze Avoidance in a Mammal: Body Temperatures Below 0 °C in an Arctic Hibernator". Science. 244 ( ... Eating positions vary according to the different regions of the world, as culture influences the way people eat their meals. ... For example, the internal temperatures of hibernating arctic ground squirrels can drop to −2.9 °C (26.8 °F), however the head ...
These regions of high link density are often referred to as cliques, hubs, compartments, cohesive sub-groups, or modules... ... Arctic (or polar) food webs, terrestrial food webs, and microbial food webs. These characterizations stem from the ecosystem ... as the major determinant for populations of culturable bacteria in the sediments of an intact mangrove in an arid region" (PDF) ... "Animal Communities in Temperate America as Illustrated in the Chicago Region". University of Chicago Press. ...
The Brazilian Highlands or Brazilian Plateau (Portuguese: Planalto Brasileiro) are an extensive geographical region, covering ... Ancient basaltic lava flows gave birth to much of the region. However, the time of dramatic geophysical activity is long past, ... In addition to the plateau regions, several adjoining or enclosed mountain ranges are considered to be part of the Brazilian ... The Brazilian Highlands are recognized for the great diversity to be found there: within the region there are several different ...
"There's significant oil and gas development in this region as well, so we'll have to keep monitoring its location over the next ... How about this: The Ayles Ice Shelf at Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago is found have collapsed, setting a ... Scientists discover a 16-month-old collapse of the Ayles Ice Shelf at Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. The ... Let's avoid having too many similar stories from the same region (Presidential elections in Latin America) on ITN at the same ...
The mallard inhabits a wide range of habitats and climates, from Arctic tundra to subtropical regions.[58] It is found in both ... Mallards have often been ubiquitous in their regions among the ponds, rivers, and streams of human parks, farms, and other ... coexisting in human regions that the main conservation risk they pose comes from the loss of genetic diversity among a region's ... so much so that they are now considered an invasive species in some regions.[99] They are a common sight in urban parks, lakes ...
The formation of an Arctic ice cap around 3 million years ago is signaled by an abrupt shift in oxygen isotope ratios and ice- ... Archaeological evidence from the Dordogne region of France demonstrates that members of the European early Upper Paleolithic ... Scattered domes stretched across Siberia and the Arctic shelf. The northern seas were frozen. During the late Upper Paleolithic ... For the duration of the Paleolithic, human populations remained low, especially outside the equatorial region. The entire ...
In 2011 an outbreak of avian cholera killed thousands of eider ducks in Arctic regions of Canada. Scientists are studying the ... Avian Cholera in Waterfowl: The role of Lesser Snow Geese and Ross's Geese Carriers in the Playa Lakes Region. Journal of ... http://www.canada.com/technology/science/Cholera+killing+thousands+ducks+Arctic/4155813/story.html (Canada.com) ...
The completeness of fossils, and nature of damage, can thus be used to constrain the tectonic history of regions.[2] ... whose eggs and young were rarely seen by humans because it breeds in the remote Arctic.[33] ...
They typically look to its rear, the main region of updraft and inflow. Under that updraft is a rain-free base, and the next ... North America is a large continent that extends from the tropics north into arctic areas, and has no major east-west mountain ... As the mesocyclone lowers below the cloud base, it begins to take in cool, moist air from the downdraft region of the storm. ... For example, an increase in the sea surface temperature of a source region (e.g. Gulf of Mexico and Mediterranean Sea) ...
The warming of the arctic region caused the rapid decline of grasslands, which had a negative effect on the grazing megafauna ... such as significant portions of the Amazon region, are being converted to agriculture for meat production.[25][176][177][178][ ... Humans in the Arctic before the Last Glacial Maximum". Science. 303 (5654): 52-56. Bibcode:2004Sci...303...52P. doi:10.1126/ ... the introduction in various regions of non-native species, and the widespread transmission of infectious diseases spread ...
The traditional biogeographic regions were first modeled by Alfred Wallace in The Geographical Distribution of Animals (1876). ... Researchers from the Arctic Ocean Diversity (ARCOD) project have documented rising numbers of warm-water crustaceans in the ... A species range map represents the geographical region where individuals of a species can be found. This is a range map of ... This study shows that as the ocean temperatures rise species are beginning to travel into the cold and harsh Arctic waters. ...
Prior to contact with Europeans, the California region contained the highest Native American population density north of what ... In remote interior regions, some tribes did not meet non-natives until the mid-19th century.[16] ... The size of California tribes today are small compared to tribes in other regions of the United States. ...
"Predation of Belugas and Narwhals by Polar Bears in Nearshore Areas of the Canadian High Arctic". Arctic. 43 (2): 99-102. doi: ... Some whales, such as the humpback, reside in the polar regions where they feed on a reliable source of schooling fish and krill ... An estimated 13 million people went whale watching globally in 2008, in all oceans except the Arctic.[115] Rules and codes of ... The polar bear is well adapted for hunting Arctic whales and calves. Bears are known to use sit-and-wait tactics as well as ...
During the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene Series of the Cenozoic Era, 3.6 to 2.2 Ma (million years ago), the Arctic was ... Propagation of El Niño effect through planetary waves may have warmed the polar region and delayed the onset of the northern ... "The last time carbon dioxide concentrations were around 400ppm: a snapshot from Arctic Siberia". Skeptical Science. Retrieved ... The formation of an Arctic ice cap is signaled by an abrupt shift in oxygen isotope ratios and ice-rafted cobbles in the North ...
Arctic Hares, Arctic Hare Pictures, Arctic Hare Facts Archived 2011-09-25 at the Wayback Machine. Animals.nationalgeographic. ... "The Largest Known Bear, Arctotherium angustidens, from the Early Pleistocene Pampean Region of Argentina: With a Discussion of ... an occasional Arctic hare (L. arcticus) can also weigh as much as 7 kg (15 lb) but is typically smaller overall than the ...
... and in the region of soil that surrounds plant roots (the rhizosphere).[200][201] ... named for a hydrothermal vent called Loki's Castle in the Arctic Ocean, has been found to be most closely related to eukaryotes ...
"California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Region. Archived from the original on 2007-06-21.. ... Northern Annular Mode (NAM) or Arctic oscillation (AO)Edit. The NAM, or AO, is defined as the first EOF of northern hemisphere ... The NP Index is the area-weighted sea level pressure over the region 30N-65N, 160E-140W.[11] ... Although there are some subtle differences from the regional pattern over the Atlantic and Arctic, the main difference is ...
... after returning from the Arctic to witness the impact of climate change.[8] More recently, coalitions in Africa, China, Japan, ... Region served Australia, Canada, China, Europe,. India, Japan, United Kingdom,. United States of America[2]. ...
The Northeast, Great Lakes Region, West Coast and Hawaii are the main liberal strongholds. In the 21st century, rural areas of ... including oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.[133] In the 2008 election, the phrase, "Drill baby drill" was ... almost indellible cultural conservatism of the region...", University Alabama Press, 2013, ISBN 978-0817317935. ...
This region is composed of 15% Amazonian rainforest with high biodiversity, and 80% Cerrado forest with lower biodiversity. ... Arctic dipole anomaly. *Arctic haze. *Arctic methane emissions. *Climate change and agriculture ...
... only being fully absent as a nester as far as is known from the high Arctic regions and a section bordering westernmost ... taken as a region there is likely to be fewer than 30 breeding pairs in this region.[1][10] In the Middle East, the white- ... North-Caucasian region. Natural Sciences. *^ a b Salo, P., Nordström, M., Thomson, R. L., & Korpimäki, E. (2008). Risk induced ... where Arctic hare can be important prey, and Greenland, where the Arctic fox are prey, large numbers of both are taken when ...
C. t. germanus, Bogotá region (Colombia).. References[edit]. *^ a b Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E. ... Arctic fox (V. lagopus). *Kit fox (V. macrotis). *Pale fox (V. pallida) ... In some regions of their range, they are threatened with extirpation. Taxonomy and evolution[edit]. Cerdocyon thous, C. avius ...
Arctic methane emissions. *Drought. *Ocean acidification. *Ozone depletion. *Physical impacts. *Retreat of glaciers since 1850 ...
G. J. Vermeij (1991). "Anatomy of an invasion: the trans-Arctic interchange". Paleobiology. 17 (3): 281-307. JSTOR 2400870.. ... One reason that could account for keeping taxa separate through prezygotic isolation is that in this region M. edulis spawns ...
Tate, G.H.H. (1936). "Some muridae of the Indo-Australian region". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 72: 501- ... The only brown rat-free areas in the world are the continent of Antarctica, the Arctic,[64][11] some isolated islands,[65] the ... The Arctic has extremely cold winters that rats cannot survive outdoors, and the human population density is extremely low, ... which can only survive in the prairie region of the province, and even then must overwinter in buildings. Although it is a ...
Rybczynski, N.; Dawson, M. R.; Tedford, R. H. (2009). "A semi-aquatic Arctic mammalian carnivore from the Miocene epoch and ... "Increase in Extralimital Occurrences of Ice-Breeding Seals in the Northern Gulf of Maine Region: More Seals or Fewer Fish?". ... "Arctic Bears". PBS Nature. 17 February 2008. Archived from the original on 16 June 2008 ... 1986). "Sea Otter". Marine Mammals of Eastern North Pacific and Arctic Waters (2nd ed.). Seattle, Washington: Pacific Search ...
Arctic Iris' (or Dwarf Arctic Iris, because it grows into the Arctic Circle, and it formerly possessed the taxonomic name 'Iris ... Or in a bog garden (in temperate regions). The iris prefer to grow in moist or wet soils. They can also tolerate bog conditions ... "ARCTIC IRIS ARE ONE OF MY FAVORITE PERENNIAL PLANTS". doug-greens-perennials.com. Retrieved 10 November 2014. "DWARF ARCTIC ... It is a rhizomatous perennial from a wide range across the Arctic sea, including Alaska, Maine, Canada (including British ...
World news about the Arctic regions. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New ... World news about the Arctic regions. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New ... Warming in Arctic Raises Fears of a Rapid Unraveling of the Region The Arctic has been warmer in the last five years than at ... Warming in Arctic Raises Fears of a Rapid Unraveling of the Region The Arctic has been warmer in the last five years than at ...
... will compete for influence in the Arctic and will counter attempts to make the Arctic the strategic preserve of any one or two ... The Arctic countries have a special responsibility - and a possibility - to preserve the Arctic as a region of peace and ... He rejected Chinas assertion that it is a "near-Arctic nation.". "There are only Arctic states and non-Arctic states," he said ... "The region has become an arena of global power and competition and the eight Arctic states must adapt to this new future," ...
In 2013, the development strategy of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and national security for the period up to.... ... In recent time, due to the sharp climatic changes, the Arctic attracts an increased interest of the world powers as a ... Comparing resident attitudes toward tourism: Community-based cases from Arctic Canada 1 Jan 2009. ... Lean construction as an effective organization model in Arctic 23 Jul 2017. ...
Gazprom Chairman Alexey Miller underlined his companys commitment to the Russian Arctic region in his Christmas and New Year ... Gazprom Statement Confirms Commitment to Arctic Region Tuesday Dec 29, 2015 URL: https://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/142269/ ... We have been efficiently developing the Prirazlomnoye field in the Arctic Shelf. In November, the amount of oil output reached ... Miller also noted his companys completion of the Gates of the Arctic offshore offloading terminal that will pave the way for ...
A fuel tank at a power station in the remote, industrial region ... Vladimir Putin approved a state of emergency in the Arctic city ... Putin backs state of emergency in Arctic region over fuel spill in river. ... A fuel tank at a power station in the remote, industrial region lost pressure on May 29 and leaked 20,000 tonnes of fuel and ... Norilsk, a remote city of 180,000 situated 300 km (190 miles) inside the Arctic Circle, is built around Norilsk Nickel, the ...
While modern camels are native to desert regions, new research suggests their prehistoric ancest... ... Camel Fossils Found In Arctic Suggest Ancient Creatures Roamed Region 3.5 Million Years Ago. ... Camel Fossils Found In Arctic Suggest Ancient Creatures Roamed Region 3.5 Million Years Ago ... Camel Fossils Found In Arctic Suggest Ancient Creatures Roamed Region 3.5 Million Years Ago ...
The European Arctic Biogeographic Region is the biogeographic region of Europe around and in the Arctic Ocean. The European ... The region has a wide variety of landscapes, and includes some of the last remaining large wilderness areas in Europe. Many of ... The region includes Iceland and parts of Norway and Russia, including Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Franz Josef Land and Novaya ... There are many species of migrating birds and fish, common to all the polar regions. The environment is affected by air ...
Synonyms for arctic-region at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Dictionary and Word of the ...
Courses and News for the Arctic at the Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington. ... The third Korea Arctic Academy: What Arctic States can learn from a non-Arctic State. ... Arctic. *Home. *Regions*Arctic. Explore Regions. Explore Regions. n. Africa. Arctic. Canada. China. East Asia. Europe. Global. ...
In general, the research supported with ARSC resources focused on the Earths arctic region. Common projects included arctic ... The Arctic Region Supercomputing Center (ARSC) was from 1993 to 2015 a research facility organized under the University of ... 2015 - Arctic Region Supercomputing Center ceased to exist on September 1, 2015. Former ARSC systems were acquired by the ... Cray tells CNET that Arctic Region Supercomputer Center got the first Cray SV1ex upgrade. 2003 - ARSC got spot #116 on the June ...
... July 2, 2021 ... and the Arctic Region.. The latest launch takes OneWebs in-orbit constellation to 254 satellites, or 40% of OneWebs planned ...
Putin said that current estimates put the value of the Arctics mineral riches at $30 trillion (£21.1 trillion). ... See More photos on Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region, ... Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region. * Vladimir Putin pose for a photo as they inspect a cavity in a ... Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region ... Putin said that current estimates put the value of the Arctics ...
... measures the changing climate of the polar region including warmer air and ocean temperatures and ... ... NOAAs annual report card on the Arctic, released today at the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in Washington, D.C., ... Declining Arctic sea ice: The 2018 Arctic Report Card found the Arctic region had the second-lowest overall sea-ice coverage on ... Arctic Report Card tracks regions environmental changes. December 12, 2018, NOAA Headquarters ...
... the European Arctic is more contaminated than the Canadian and U.S. Arctic. Recently, comparison of OC concentration ranges in ... Arctic Regions. Ecosystem*. Environmental Monitoring / methods, statistics & numerical data*. Environmental Pollutants / ... The lack of differences in OC concentrations in zooplankton and Arctic cod from the European and Canadian Arctic suggest that ... Arctic. Recently, comparison of OC concentration ranges in seabirds, arctic cod (Boregadus saida), and zooplankton, found no ...
... the Arctic. The Antarctic region in particular has been a more popular location for natural products discovery and has provided ... This article reviews groups of bioactive compounds that have been isolated and reported from the southern reaches of the Arctic ... Circle, surveys the known sponge diversity present in the Arctic waters, and details a recent sponge collection by our group in ... Advancement into the Arctic Region for Bioactive Sponge Secondary Metabolites. Samuel Abbas 1, Michelle Kelly 2, John Bowling 1 ...
Buy nautical charts online. Wholesale pricing available to qualified merchants, sailing schools, Academies, and other industry related customers.
... systems based perspective of the whole Arctic and near-Arctic region. • Work by IIASA in 2013, in collaboration with the Arctic ... Reducing black carbon deposition in the Arctic region. Arctic temperatures have risen at twice the global average rate over the ... most is fall-out from the eight Arctic Council nations and the near-Arctic regions north of latitude 40, which includes much of ... Emission Trends and Mitigation Options for Black Carbon in the Arctic Region" for the Arctic Councils ministerial. meeting in ...
Murmansk region welcomes its first EV fast-charger during air pollution spike Thomas Nilsen, The Independent Barents Observer. ... Murmansk regions first EV fast-charger. Deputy General Director of Kola GMK, Maksim Ivanov, at the EV fast-charger now ... Mental Health Week - Can community programs in Arctic Canada make the difference? ... Copyright © 2020 Eye on the Arctic. All rights reserved.. Theme: ColorMag by ThemeGrill. Powered by WordPress. ...
This paper uses Arctic petroleum in the Barents region (Norway and Russia) to investigate local perceptions of CSR. We ... Local perceptions of corporate social responsibility for Arctic petroleum in the Barents region. Published: 20 Dec 2016 ... study is perhaps the first of its kind in its focus on local perceptions of CSR for Arctic petroleum across the Barents region ... The findings of this study not only match with that of the previous literature on Arctic petroleum but also provide further ...
The International Polar Year, 2007-2008, An Opportunity to Focus on Infectious Diseases in Arctic Regions On This Page ... The International Polar Year, 2007-2008, An Opportunity to Focus on Infectious Diseases in Arctic Regions. Emerging Infectious ... The International Polar Year, 2007-2008, An Opportunity to Focus on Infectious Diseases in Arctic Regions. Volume 14, Number 1- ... The International Polar Year, 2007-2008, An Opportunity to Focus on Infectious Diseases in Arctic Regions. Emerg Infect Dis. ...
The Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies will be the sixth regional center for the Defense Department, Pentagon Press ... DOD Announces Center to Collaborate on, Advance Shared Interests in Arctic Region June 9, 2021 , DOD News ... rules-based order in the Arctic will benefit the United States and all Arctic nations, including Canada, Denmark, Finland, ... It will address the need for U.S. engagement and international cooperation to strengthen the rules-based order in the region ...
Japan and its Arctic identity: Forming a narrative about the region. Add to your list(s) Download to your calendar using vCal ... University of Cambridge , Talks.cam , Polar Humanities and Social Sciences ECR Workshop , Japan and its Arctic identity: ...
Is your class learning about the Native Americans that lived in the Arctic Region? This mini-unit includes a reading passage, ... Is your class learning about the Native Americans that lived in the Arctic Region? This mini-unit includes a reading passage, ... Is your class learning about the Native Americans that lived in the Arctic Region? ... and flipbooks for 8 regions.This Native Americans bundle includes the following seven regions:✔Northeas ...
This information can inform future assessment of the impact of environmental changes in these regions and management efforts. ... Despite sharing a significant number of species, diversity patterns differed between the study regions. The diversity patterns ... Despite sharing a significant number of species, diversity patterns differed between the study regions. The diversity patterns ... and biodiversity patterns in high-latitude marine regions is immediate as these marine environments are undergoing rapid ...
In January 1993, Russians, Norwegian, Finns and Swedes established the Barents Euro-Arctic Council to discuss urgent ... Environmental catastrophe and strategic interests in Europes Arctic region. Philippe Rekacewicz, September 1996 ... Despite the end of the cold war, relations in the region are dominated by geostrategic rivalry. The Barents region is of ... "Environmental catastrophe and strategic interests in Europes Arctic region", by Philippe Rekacewicz (open access, September ...
Hannes Keernik Estimating methods and variability of atmospheric humidity over the Baltic Region and the Arctic. ... Hannes Keernik Estimating methods and variability of atmospheric humidity over the Baltic Region and the Arctic ... describe diurnal cycle of PW in the Baltic Region at summer, estimate the accuracy of different PW methods available in Estonia ... and validate global reanalyses humidity profiles for the lowermost Arctics atmosphere. It is revealed that troposphere above ...
The four researchers from the University of Helsinki on board will be analysing the Arctic atmosphere and the processes that ... is about to embark on its icy journey across the Arctic. ... but in the Arctic region such processes are very poorly known. ... Specialists in atmospheric sciences are investigating particles in the Arctic region for causes of climate change in the north ... will be involved in a total of three large measurement projects focused on the Arctic region. The researchers will be measuring ...
Some key findings:The environmental system in the Arctic has reached a ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released its annual Arctic Report Card on Tuesday, and boy is it not great ... NOAA: The Arctic shows "no sign" of returning to a "reliably frozen region.". The National Oceanic and Atmospheric ... The polar region shows "no sign of returning to [the] reliably frozen region of recent past decades." ...
... Dataset ... from various regions of the Arctic. PANGAEA - Publishing Network for Geoscientific and Environmental Data. Occurrence dataset ... Alaskan and Canadian Arctic signatures were intermediate. Between-subpopulation dietary differences predominated over ... particularly in a changing Arctic. Taxonomic Coverages. Geographic Coverages. ...
The atmosphere is heading to the low pressure in the Arctic region, it also flows southward to the equator up welling. You well ... The flat top of the curve is identifying the atmospheric transport into into the Arctic region. The Alert station is only ... Inconvenient: Studies find methane and carbon dioxide release is highest in the Arctic during the regions cold season. Anthony ... 95 thoughts on "Inconvenient: Studies find methane and carbon dioxide release is highest in the Arctic during the regions cold ...
  • Moscow is moving to claim Arctic territory as barriers between Russia and North America melt. (nytimes.com)
  • ROVANIEMI, Finland -- The Trump administration warned China and Russia on Monday that the U.S. won't stand for aggressive moves in the Arctic region, which is rapidly opening up to development and commerce as temperatures warm and sea ice melts. (go.com)
  • He said the rule of law must prevail for the Arctic to remain peaceful, and he criticized China and Russia for what he said were coercive practices that would destabilize the "high North" if allowed. (go.com)
  • Pompeo took particular aim at China, which, unlike Russia, does not have any territory or claim in the Arctic but holds observer status in the council. (go.com)
  • The region includes Iceland and parts of Norway and Russia, including Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya. (wikipedia.org)
  • The White Paper showed that while some black carbon is produced in the Arctic itself, for example, by shipping, most is fall-out from the eight Arctic Council nations and the near-Arctic regions north of latitude 40, which includes much of the EU, Russia, Ukraine, China (north of Beijing), Canada, and part of the USA. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • This paper uses Arctic petroleum in the Barents region (Norway and Russia) to investigate local perceptions of CSR. (nupi.no)
  • The center's focus will support U.S. Interim National Security Strategic Guidance and will work with partner nations to ensure that a stable, rules-based order in the Arctic will benefit the United States and all Arctic nations, including Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States. (defense.gov)
  • In addition to the transpolar confrontation between the US and Russia, there are disputes between individual states in the region. (mondediplo.com)
  • However, farming has been of considerable importance through the centuries in regions like Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Northern Fennoscandia and Northern Russia. (government.is)
  • US: Russia militarizes the Arctic. (bulgarianmilitary.com)
  • This change could provide an opportunity for the United States to further strengthen cooperation, enhancing security and better countering Russia in the region. (rand.org)
  • Continued positive U.S. engagement in the Arctic Council could be important for balancing the influence of Russia and China, and in moving toward the Biden administration's climate change goals. (rand.org)
  • The maximum warming is pretty much focused in the region that we call the Barents and Kara Seas, which is the part of the Arctic that's just north of, say, Scandinavia and western Russia. (yale.edu)
  • The other area that's been warming really quickly is over on the Pacific side of the Arctic, toward Alaska and far eastern Russia, a region called the Chukchi Sea and the Beaufort Sea. (yale.edu)
  • In recent years, a plethora of deadly and debilitating diseases have struck reindeer in Scandinavia and Russia, muskoxen on Banks and Victoria islands in Arctic Canada, polar bears and seals off the coast of Alaska, and eider ducks in northern Hudson Bay and the Bering Sea. (yale.edu)
  • Sept 17 (Interfax) - Russia will stand up for its interests in the Arctic, Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said. (blogspot.com)
  • The Arctic is a region of the planet, north of the Arctic Circle, and includes the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, Baffin Island, other smaller northern islands, and the far northern parts of Europe, Russia (Siberia), Alaska and Canada. (worldatlas.com)
  • Each Arctic state above the Arctic Circle (Russia, Canada, USA, Norway, Denmark (Greenland)) responds to and manages its Arctic areas through its own national governance system. (springer.com)
  • Russia has long held a strong influence on South Ossetia, a mountainous region in northeastern Georgia, and stepped up its control after fighting a five-day war with Tbilisi in 2008. (rferl.org)
  • After the brief 2008 war, Russia recognized South Ossetia and another separatist region, Abkhazia, as independent countries. (rferl.org)
  • Including the High North (NATO's term for the Arctic) - "In the High North, Norwegian F-16s scrambled after radars spotted two groups of Russian military aircraft flying near Norway's coast" - that would establish all four compass points around Russia as NATO airspace and that of its partners. (globalresearch.ca)
  • Russia is not looking to carve up the circumpolar North and the region is not in the midst of an arms race. (scoop.it)
  • China's special representative for Arctic affairs, Gao Feng, who is at the council meeting, dismissed Pompeo's warnings and said countries should be free do deal with China as they wish. (go.com)
  • The European Commission and the Council of Europe have defined the European Arctic biogeographical region for the purpose of reporting on conservation efforts and results. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2009 the intergovernmental Arctic Council asked IIASA to investigate the effects of SLCFs in the Arctic using its Greenhouse gas - Air pollution Interactions and Synergies (GAINS) model. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Subsequently the Arctic Council established a Task Force to examine more deeply the role and mitigation potential of SLCFs in the Arctic. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Work by IIASA in 2013, in collaboration with the Arctic Council and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program collected new data on seasonal patterns and temporal variations of black carbon deposition, focusing on Finland. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • In January 1993, Russians, Norwegian, Finns and Swedes established the Barents Euro-Arctic Council to discuss urgent environmental issues and economic cooperation among their countries. (mondediplo.com)
  • And we are saying that 20,000 kilometers of the state border runs in this region," Patrushev told journalists after a Security Council meeting. (blogspot.com)
  • The Saskatchewan and Manitoba Regional Councils merged in January 2012 to become the Prairie Arctic Regional Council of Carpenters, Drywallers, Millwrights, and Allied Workers. (myparc.ca)
  • The Prairie Arctic Council Nunavut and Northwest Territories Initiative began with the reps attending a convention of the Greater Northwest Territorial Federation of Labour, to introduce them and to promote the development of a Safer Schools and Communities program to be sponsored by organized labour in the territories. (myparc.ca)
  • Yet, while there is some international cooperation through bodies such as the Arctic Council, there have been few legally binding commitments across nations to collectively and systematically manage the challenges facing the Arctic marine areas. (springer.com)
  • A review by Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment ( 2013 ), an Arctic Council working group, found that there was a need for further coordination across institutions (e.g. monitoring conducted on a polar-wide basis using consistent methods, with central data storage) and further cooperation and knowledge-sharing between Arctic countries and institutions. (springer.com)
  • Dalee Sambo Dorough, chair of the Inuit Circumpolar Council, highlighted the potential dangers to remote, rural communities in the Arctic. (arctictoday.com)
  • Iceland is currently the chair of the Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • The report was an effort to strengthen the cultural, social and economic dimensions of the work of the Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • Sweden also works to ensure that the Arctic remains a region where security policy tensions are low, and for these objectives sees a need of a strengthened Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • Sweden was chair of the Arctic Council 2011 to 2013. (arctic-council.org)
  • Sweden highlights the human dimension and the gender perspective in the Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • Canadian Arctic Indigenous peoples are represented in the Arctic Council through three Permanent Participants organizations: Arctic Athabaskan Council, Inuit Circumpolar Council and Gwich'in Council International. (arctic-council.org)
  • Canada held the first Chair of the Arctic Council from 1996 to 1998, and again from 2013-2015. (arctic-council.org)
  • The Arctic Council was established in Canada in 1996 with the signing of the Ottawa Declaration. (arctic-council.org)
  • Most research in the area has focused on sponges from tropical and temperate waters, but more recently the focus has shifted to the less accessible colder waters of the Antarctic and, to a lesser extent, the Arctic. (mdpi.com)
  • The Antarctic region in particular has been a more popular location for natural products discovery and has provided promising candidates for drug development. (mdpi.com)
  • Among the research conducted in polar environments, the majority of compounds isolated and characterized have come from the Antarctic region [ 1 , 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Forty-four nations led expeditions in the Arctic and Antarctic, resulting in greater understanding of the aurora, magnetism, and meteorology. (cdc.gov)
  • Girvin, John P. 1999-05-01 00:00:00 AbstractA HISTORY OF Arctic and Antarctic exploration, whether to find a northwest passage, north pole, or south pole, is a story of triumph and tribulation. (deepdyve.com)
  • While the Antarctic region enjoys a specific regime, the so-called Antarctic Treaty System, the Arctic region does not have its own legal system. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • This experienced team will provide invaluable insights on the diversity of both the Arctic and Antarctic regions. (scenicnz.com)
  • Conference on Medicine and Public Health in the Arctic and Antarctic, Geneva, 28 August - 1 September 1962 : report. (who.int)
  • The Swedish Polar Research Secretariat gives Sweden plenty of scope to perform marine research expeditions in both the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans with the ice-breaker Oden. (arctic-council.org)
  • One-third of Finland sits above the Arctic Circle. (go.com)
  • Norilsk, a remote city of 180,000 situated 300 km (190 miles) inside the Arctic Circle, is built around Norilsk Nickel, the world's leading nickel and palladium producer. (yahoo.com)
  • This article reviews groups of bioactive compounds that have been isolated and reported from the southern reaches of the Arctic Circle, surveys the known sponge diversity present in the Arctic waters, and details a recent sponge collection by our group in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. (mdpi.com)
  • This article discusses bioactive molecules that have been discovered in the southern reaches of the Arctic Circle and the particular significance of a recent sponge collection conducted in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. (mdpi.com)
  • The submarine USS Hartford surfaces near Ice Camp Sargo during Ice Exercise 2016 in the Arctic Circle, March 19, 2016. (defense.gov)
  • Camp Sargo housed participants of Ice Exercise 2016, a five-week exercise designed to research, test and evaluate operational capabilities in the Arctic Circle. (defense.gov)
  • The Northern Lights can be seen above Ice Camp Sargo during Ice Exercise 2016 in the Arctic Circle, March 11, 2016. (defense.gov)
  • The Arctic Circle, incidentally, is an imaginary line located at 66º, 30'N latitude, and as a guide defines the southernmost part of the Arctic. (worldatlas.com)
  • We adapted the Ocean Health Index (OHI) to compile pan-Arctic data and evaluate ocean health for nine regions above the Arctic Circle to assess the extent to which pan-Arctic assessment is possible and identify broad social-ecological trends. (springer.com)
  • Along with narwhals, polar bears are only found in the Arctic Circle (and not in Antarctica), where they are well adapted to cold climates. (scenicnz.com)
  • Iceland is an Arctic State where the Arctic Circle passes through its northernmost community, Grimsey Island, 40 kilometers off the north coast of Iceland. (arctic-council.org)
  • Andrei Gusev, senior researcher from the Centre for Arctic Studies, said: 'Archaeological studies of the area around Lake Parisento and the Yuribei River, located beyond the Arctic Circle, have resulted in surprise finds such as a bronze Iranian cup dated to the Middle Ages. (ancient-origins.net)
  • The investigative reporter Steve Eder and the climate reporter Henry Fountain teamed up to examine how the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge went from off-limits to open for business. (nytimes.com)
  • Critics were likely to seize on the speech for being short on scientific specifics, not using the phrase "climate change," offering no ideas on mitigating its effects and focusing almost entirely on how to responsibly tap the Arctic in an era of fierce global rivalries. (go.com)
  • NOAA's annual report card on the Arctic, released today at the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in Washington, D.C., measures the changing climate of the polar region including warmer air and ocean temperatures and declines in sea-ice that are driving shifts in animal habitats. (phys.org)
  • This information can be used to inform decisions by local, state and federal leaders as Arctic residents confront the challenges and opportunities posed by a rapidly changing climate and ecosystem. (phys.org)
  • further our understanding of the physical and social process in Polar Regions, examine their globally-connected role in the climate system and establish research infrastructure for the future, and serve to attract and develop a new generation of scientists and engineers with the versatility to tackle complex global issues" ( www.ipy.org ). (cdc.gov)
  • Health concerns of Arctic peoples include the remaining health disparities that exist between indigenous and nonindigenous segments of the population as well as the potential impact of a changing Arctic environment, characterized by rapid economic change and modernization, environmental pollution, alterations in the traditional subsistence food supply, and climate change ( 2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • It will address the need for U.S. engagement and international cooperation to strengthen the rules-based order in the region and tackle shared challenges such as climate change. (defense.gov)
  • In models describing climate change, atmospheric molecules and particles in fact have an important role, but in the Arctic region such processes are very poorly known. (helsinki.fi)
  • found that far more methane is escaping from Arctic tundra during the cold months-when the soil surface is frozen (generally from September through May)-as well as from upland tundra, than prevailing assumptions and climate modelers previously believed. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • As all of those who know the Arctic are aware of, the weather -or more accurately- the climate, plays a great part in the habitat of the region. (government.is)
  • In fact, for most people the meaning of the term Arctic has to do with climate, a particularly cold and harsh climate. (government.is)
  • It is however justifiable to generalise by maintaining that it is the climate which to a great extent determines the conditions for life in the Arctic and for all practical purposes defines the geographical boundaries of what we consider to be that region. (government.is)
  • This session aimed at exploring how polar communities and stakeholders deal with the combined challenges from climate change, political, economic and resource pressures, changes to the global order and new socio-cultural realities and what the future might hold for the Polar Regions. (iasc.info)
  • Washington's new priority on climate change could be an issue that will now bind, rather than divide, Arctic states. (rand.org)
  • The international structures that have helped address many Arctic problems through negotiation and cooperation are insufficient for the military and security challenges brought on by climate change. (rand.org)
  • An Unusually Warm Arctic Year: Sign of Future Climate Turmoil? (yale.edu)
  • In an interview with Yale Environment 360 , Francis discusses the perilous state of Arctic sea ice, explains why large portions of the Arctic have experienced temperatures more typical of New York City, and warns that we ignore the climate upheaval in the Arctic at our own peril. (yale.edu)
  • One possibility, she and other scientists say, is that climate warming and ecosystem changes are causing some bacteria, such as those that cause avian cholera, to mutate, or may be making Arctic animals more susceptible to pathogens that previously did them no serious harm. (yale.edu)
  • Our ability to detect and monitor the movement of pathogens in the Arctic is abominable," says Kutz, who specializes in studying how changes in the climate and landscape can alter the relationship of hosts and parasites. (yale.edu)
  • Changes in weather patterns and ecosystems, and health consequences of climate change will probably be most severe in far northern regions (e.g., the Arctic). (cmaj.ca)
  • However, climate changes projected to occur in the coming decades are likely to influence the burden and incidence of infectious diseases in more developed regions including North America. (cmaj.ca)
  • Arctic ecosystems are experiencing profound physical, ecological, and social changes, driven largely by a warming climate and increasing economic development (Hovelsrud et al. (springer.com)
  • ENSO is an irregularly recurring climate pattern characterized by warmer (El Niño) and colder (La Niña) than usual ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific, which creates a ripple effect of anticipated weather changes in far-spread regions of our planet. (nasa.gov)
  • Weather changes associated with the ENSO phenomenon result in climate anomalies related to each other, such as rainfall, and vegetation anomaly conditions that trigger outbreaks of infectious diseases of public health concern in different regions around the world. (nasa.gov)
  • The Arctic region is known to be very sensitive to climate change. (copernicus.org)
  • Clouds and in particular mixed-phase clouds (MPCs) remain one of the greatest sources of uncertainties in the modelling of the Arctic response to climate change due to an inaccurate representation of their variability and their quantification. (copernicus.org)
  • Arctic ice grew by a third in 2013 despite the continued rise of global temperatures driven by climate change, researchers report. (flipboard.com)
  • Many of the changes in the Arctic are not direct effects of the climate, but rather responses to a chain of effects caused by the warming. (weforum.org)
  • Fresh concerns over accelerated climate change arose after researchers found that the amount of ice present in the Arctic region has shrunk to the smallest amount ever recorded. (medindia.net)
  • Swedish climate-related research in the Arctic has a long tradition and its findings are constantly helping to increase understanding of ongoing processes. (arctic-council.org)
  • Canada's primary priorities related to the Arctic include addressing socio-economic and cultural development, environmental protection and climate change, and strengthening relations with Indigenous peoples. (arctic-council.org)
  • Meltwater on top of Arctic sea ice in July 2016. (yale.edu)
  • The European Arctic Biogeographic Region is the biogeographic region of Europe around and in the Arctic Ocean. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical analysis of organochlorine contaminants (OCs) in marine mammals has shown that, for most OCs, the European Arctic is more contaminated than the Canadian and U.S. Arctic. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Reduced regional differences were not observed in marine mammals or seabirds because they are long-lived and also acquire contaminants from maternal transfer and hence reflect levels from the past when the European Arctic was more contaminated than the Canadian Arctic. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Norway, Sweden, and Finland have dramatically shifted their plans and actions in response to Russian threats in the European Arctic. (rand.org)
  • Different types of air-borne and ground-based remote sensing observations (from Lidar and sun-photometer) revealed a high tropospheric aerosol transport episode over two parts of the European Arctic in April 2018. (mdpi.com)
  • To address these inconsistencies, marine food web OC data from the European (central Barents Sea (CBS)) and Canadian Arctic (Northwater Polynya (NOW)) were simultaneously statistically analyzed. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The lack of differences in OC concentrations in zooplankton and Arctic cod from the European and Canadian Arctic suggest that regional differences in OC contamination in the Arctic have evened out. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Alaskan and Canadian Arctic signatures were intermediate. (gbif.org)
  • Approximately 4,500 homes in Alaska do not have potable water," she said, and neither do many households across the Canadian Arctic. (arctictoday.com)
  • Navigate the same waters and visit the same sites as early explorer Sir John Franklin on this epic expedition cruise of the Northwest Passage that connects the Canadian Arctic and Greenland. (wildernesstravel.com)
  • The Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act (1970, R.S.C. 1985) (the Act) is a Government of Canada statute to prevent pollution of areas of the arctic waters adjacent to the mainland and islands of the Canadian arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other multi-year essays focused on the expansion northward of toxic harmful algae and significant concentrations of microplastic pollution that are transported by ocean currents into the Arctic Ocean from other parts of the global ocean. (phys.org)
  • Almost five years of research by IIASA scientists into Arctic air pollution led to the formation in 2014 of the before Arctic Futures Initiative (AFI) which will take a holistic, systems based perspective of the whole Arctic and near-Arctic region. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • The research showed that the contribution of residential emissions to black carbon pollution in the Arctic was greater than previously estimated and that its main source was wood burning. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Contamination by nuclear-powered ice-breakers and stockpiled radioactive waste from nuclear submarines is increasing environmental damage to the region, already badly hit by deforestation and the pollution affecting the whole of the former Soviet Union. (mondediplo.com)
  • With many transboundary issues, such as shifting ranges of fisheries, biodiversity loss, sea ice retreat, economic development and pollution, greater pan-Arctic assessment and co-management are necessary. (springer.com)
  • U.S. strategy is shifting toward a renewed focus on the Arctic region, reflecting increasing Russian military activity there. (rand.org)
  • Now in its 13th year, the 2018 Arctic Report Card is a peer-reviewed report that provides an annual status update on the region and compares these observations to the long-term record. (phys.org)
  • Highlights from the 2018 Arctic Report Card. (phys.org)
  • Declining Arctic sea ice: The 2018 Arctic Report Card found the Arctic region had the second-lowest overall sea-ice coverage on record. (phys.org)
  • The map shows the age of sea ice in the Arctic ice pack in March 1985 (left) and March 2018 (right). (phys.org)
  • Further, NOAA Polar-orbiting satellites fly over the Arctic 28 times daily, collecting data vital to improve weather forecasts, help fisheries increase catch, and support safe, efficient navigation in challenging waters. (phys.org)
  • Additionally, as Arctic waters become increasingly ice-free, and commerce and other interests grow, NOAA is working to update nautical charts and calculate tide and current predictions. (phys.org)
  • To gain further insight about the issue, microplastic abundance, distribution and composition in sea ice cores (n = 25) and waters underlying ice floes (n = 22) were assessed in the Arctic Central Basin (ACB). (nature.com)
  • The Swedish Maritime Administration's ice-breaking resources are well suited to Arctic and sub-Arctic waters at times when the vessels are not needed in regular activities. (arctic-council.org)
  • AMAP is developing a monitoring plan for microplastics and litter in Arctic waters. (arctic-council.org)
  • Encompassing national parks, indigenous territories, productive fisheries, World Heritage sites, migratory corridors, peatlands, and rangelands, the world's largest roadless natural habitats and more, our six priority regions here are not only vital to the Americas' biodiversity but to its people and economies as well. (wcs.org)
  • As Arctic countries fight to contain the spread of novel coronavirus infections, Indigenous leaders say the pandemic highlights critical gaps in Northern infrastructure, from water to housing to medical care. (arctictoday.com)
  • For a long time, Indigenous communities in the Arctic have suffered from respiratory illnesses such as tuberculosis and RSV at higher rates than other parts of the world - including the southern regions of their own countries. (arctictoday.com)
  • It's not only remote and Indigenous communities in the Arctic where conditions pose unusual challenges to fighting COVID-19. (arctictoday.com)
  • Iceland is the only Arctic State that does not have an Indigenous population. (arctic-council.org)
  • In the Arctic region Sweden strives to ensure that indigenous peoples have greater scope for preserving and developing their identity, culture and traditional industries and facilitate their traditional knowledge gathering and transfer. (arctic-council.org)
  • Canada's Arctic is home to approximately 150,000 inhabitants, of which more than half are Indigenous. (arctic-council.org)
  • May 5, 2021 - Hughes Network Systems, LLC and OneWeb announced their selection by the U.S. Air Force Research Lab (AFRL) to demonstrate managed LEO satellite communications (SATCOM) services to connect the Arctic region to sites around the globe. (apscc.or.kr)
  • The 3rd International online session "Barents Euro-Arctic region versus Coronavirus" initiated by the Governor of the Murmansk region Andrey Chibis will be held tomorrow, on March 31, 2021 at 15.00 (Moscow time) (14.00 NO time/ 14.00 SW time/ 15.00 FI time). (gov-murman.ru)
  • In Zapolyarny, Deputy General Director of Kola GMK Maksim Ivanov was happy to announce the opening of the first fast-charger for electric vehicles in the Murmansk region. (rcinet.ca)
  • On May 12, the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the Government of the Murmansk Region signed a supplementary agreement on storing, recycling and decontaminating hazardous waste that has been accumulating in this and other Polar regions, Interfax reports. (arctic.ru)
  • This also suggests that the resources of the Murmansk Region, the corporation and the state will be used in the most efficient manner," he noted. (arctic.ru)
  • The Arctic has been warmer in the last five years than at any time since records began in 1900, a report from a United States scientific agency found. (nytimes.com)
  • A brief surge of warmer air could change the snow to a wintry mix Saturday before a new arctic blast sends temperatures crashing, changing the precipitation back to snow. (wgntv.com)
  • The temporal and spatial distribution of MPCs over the Svalbard region seems to be linked to the supply of moister air and warmer water from the North Atlantic Ocean, which contribute to the initiation of the liquid water phase. (copernicus.org)
  • Arctic tundra is experiencing "record permafrost warming. (newrepublic.com)
  • At the same time, on land, grizzly bears, white-tailed deer, coyotes, and other animals and birds have been expanding their range into the warming boreal forest and Arctic tundra. (yale.edu)
  • Over 200 reindeer had been found dead on Norway's Arctic archipelago of Svalbard earlier this month, according to a report by NRK. (animalscene.ph)
  • MPC properties in the region of the Svalbard archipelago (78° N, 15° E) are also investigated. (copernicus.org)
  • Its key message was that simultaneously and immediately reducing black carbon and methane emissions can help slow the pace of Arctic warming over the next few decades. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Do we want the Arctic Ocean to transform into a new South China Sea, fraught with militarization and competing territorial claims? (go.com)
  • Common projects included arctic weather modeling, Alaskan summer smoke forecasting, arctic sea ice analysis and tracking, Arctic Ocean systems, volcanic ash plume prediction, and tsunami forecasting and modeling. (wikipedia.org)
  • The need to understand species distribution- and biodiversity patterns in high-latitude marine regions is immediate as these marine environments are undergoing rapid environmental changes, including ocean warming and ocean acidification. (frontiersin.org)
  • While Antarctica is a terrestrial space, the Arctic is an ocean-or, rather, a set of ice seas-and, for this reason, it is governed in large part by the law of the sea. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • During the summer, if you have less ice, then the Arctic Ocean absorbs a lot more of the sun's energy. (yale.edu)
  • Most notably, as sea ice melts, ice-avoiding killer whales have been moving deeper into the Arctic Ocean, hunting and killing both narwhal and beluga whales. (yale.edu)
  • Within the past decade, an alarm was raised about microplastics in the remote and seemingly pristine Arctic Ocean. (nature.com)
  • Knowledge about microplastics in environmental compartments of the Arctic Ocean is important in assessing the potential threats posed by microplastics to polar organisms. (nature.com)
  • 5 mm in diameter) were first discovered in sub-sections of 4 ice cores retrieved from various locations in the Arctic Ocean 1 . (nature.com)
  • Within the Arctic Ocean, sea ice dynamics are one of the key factors that potentially influences contaminant fate. (nature.com)
  • The proposed research will document the circulation, variability, and driving mechanisms of the upper ocean in the "freshwater switchyard of the Arctic Ocean. (columbia.edu)
  • 2011 ). There is a need to establish a baseline of the biophysical and socio-economic dimensions of ocean ecosystems across the Arctic, which can then be used to assess the consequences of future change (IOC/UNESCO 2010 ). (springer.com)
  • During this period, the open water transports some of the warm water from the North Atlantic Ocean to the rest of the Arctic region. (copernicus.org)
  • In the depths of the Arctic Ocean, buried deep in the sediment, an ancient creature waited for over a million years to be discovered. (phys.org)
  • Last week, a member of the air supply team for the MOSAiC research expedition, which is currently locked in ice in the Arctic Ocean, tested positive for the virus. (arctictoday.com)
  • This weekly recap focuses on teaching media literacy in schools, a "connected future" via the Internet of Bodies, gaps in Arctic governance, and more. (rand.org)
  • Ultimately, it recognised that there is a need to amend existing instruments or develop new ones to strengthen governance for the conservation and sustainable use of the Arctic marine environment. (springer.com)
  • The polar region shows "no sign of returning to [the] reliably frozen region of recent past decades. (newrepublic.com)
  • With the Arctic warming rapidly, ice loss in Greenland is accelerating and may soon be a major factor in rising sea levels, according to a new study. (nytimes.com)
  • Norwegians visited the northern regions in the 9th century, and Erik the Red (Icelander) established a settlement in Greenland in 982. (worldatlas.com)
  • Both are clearly impacted by these findings, as melting ice produces new naval pathways through the region and thawing permafrost worsens one of the world's biggest economic threats . (newrepublic.com)
  • The steady march of global warming over the past century has led to the thawing of permafrost-a layer of subsurface soil in the Arctic that usually remains frozen year-round. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • 5 m) circum-Arctic Permafrost Region Pond and Lake (PeRL) database recently becoming available. (frontiersin.org)
  • We have demonstrated that these relationships (1) hold across the 30 Arctic study regions covering a variety of (bio)climatic and permafrost zones, (2) hold over time in two of these study regions for which multi-decadal satellite imagery is available, and (3) can be reproduced by simulating rising water levels in a high-resolution digital elevation model. (frontiersin.org)
  • Arctic permafrost lowlands are characterized by a complex network of freshwater ecosystems that include wetlands, streams, lakes, and ponds. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Arctic has warmed much faster than the rest of the planet in recent decades, and as the permafrost has melted, old lakes have grown and new ones have formed. (midtownhotelhue.com)
  • Here we synthesize regional in situ observations of CO2 flux from Arctic and boreal soils to assess current and future winter carbon losses from the northern permafrost domain. (ornl.gov)
  • We estimate a contemporary loss of 1,662 TgC per year from the permafrost region during the winter season (October-April). (ornl.gov)
  • The impact of aerosol spatio-temporal variability on the Arctic radiative budget is not fully constrained. (mdpi.com)
  • In this study, we present a characterisation of the vertical, spatial and seasonal variability of Arctic clouds and MPCs over the entire Arctic region based on satellite active remote sensing observations. (copernicus.org)
  • The study presents a characterization of the vertical, spatial and seasonal variability of Arctic clouds and mixed-phase clouds (MPCs) over the entire Arctic region. (copernicus.org)
  • The 2007-2008 IPY also features human health as a research theme for the first time and thus presents an opportunity to do the following: 1) increase global awareness and visibility of health concerns of Arctic peoples, 2) foster human health research, 3) promote health protection strategies, and 4) ultimately improve the health and well being of Arctic peoples ( www.arctichealth.org/ahhi ). (cdc.gov)
  • and a spirited history of cross-border cooperation on issues of concern to Arctic peoples. (cdc.gov)
  • It is however only during this century that technological progress has made possible the gathering and analysis of vast amounts of information on the Arctic as well as made possible frequent contacts between peoples of the different parts of the region. (government.is)
  • The primary residents of the Arctic include the Eskimos (Inuits), Saami and Russians, with an overall population (of all peoples) exceeding 2 million. (worldatlas.com)
  • Iceland is committed to the principle of sustainable development and recognizes the necessity of close cooperation between the States and peoples of the region and beyond. (arctic-council.org)
  • In order to make better use of financial and other resources allocated to Arctic research, the Icelandic Chairmanship emphasized the strengthened relationship and cooperation among parties involved in Arctic research. (arctic-council.org)
  • The increased involvement of science and education authorities, as well as Arctic residents, in such cooperation was considered instrumental to its success. (arctic-council.org)
  • This study is perhaps the first of its kind in its focus on local perceptions of CSR for Arctic petroleum across the Barents region. (nupi.no)
  • The Barents region is of crucial importance both for the intelligence war which Americans and Russians are waging and for their nuclear deterrence strategies. (mondediplo.com)
  • Governors and heads of the Northern regions from Norway, Sweden and Finland, representatives of the Russian regions participating in the BEAR and the head of the Norwegian Barents Secretariat have already confirmed their participation. (gov-murman.ru)
  • ᐃᒃᐱᐊᕐᔪᒃ, Ikpiarjuk "the pocket") is an Inuit hamlet located in the northern part of the Borden Peninsula on Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut , Canada . (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists attribute the declines to Arctic warming, which is increasing the frequency of drought, affecting the quality of forage. (phys.org)
  • On 3 occasions over the past 125 years, scientists from around the world have worked together to organize scientific and exploration activities in polar regions ( www.ipy.org ). (cdc.gov)
  • Based on the photos taken, scientists concluded that the whale was a humpback, the first ever seen in that part of Hudson Bay, and one of a handful that have recently been spotted in the North American Arctic. (yale.edu)
  • This visualization with corresponding data dashboard shows the relationship between vegetation index anomalies and outbreaks of Rift Valley fever (RVF) during 2008 and 2011 in the South Africa region. (nasa.gov)
  • The sequence starts in 2007 looking at the entire continent of Africa and zooms in the region of South Africa to take a closer look at the patterns between ENSO events (El Niño and La Niña), above normal vegetaion over land (green) and RVF outbreak locations (orange pins). (nasa.gov)
  • The visualization featured on this page showcases the relationship between El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) induced anomalous vegetation and Rift Valley fever outbreaks in the region of South Africa. (nasa.gov)
  • After approving an $11.8-billion investment plan, Gazprom Chairman Alexey Miller's Christmas and New Year statement underlines the firm's commitment to the Russian Arctic. (rigzone.com)
  • Gazprom Chairman Alexey Miller underlined his company's commitment to the Russian Arctic region in his Christmas and New Year address Tuesday. (rigzone.com)
  • Arctic, Circumpolar stories curated by @Northern_Clips [Full story? (scoop.it)
  • The report represents the first comprehensive attempt to document and compare systematically the welfare of Arctic residents on a circumpolar basis. (arctic-council.org)
  • In recent time, due to the sharp climatic changes, the Arctic attracts an increased interest of the world powers as a strategically important object. (apo.org.au)
  • Climatic conditions have thus always limited possibilities for farming in the Arctic region. (government.is)
  • Agriculture as such however has always been very limited throughout the Arctic region given the climatic conditions. (government.is)
  • Climatic conditions have also accounted for the fact that the Arctic region has through the centuries been sparsely populated and will probably remain so in stark contrast to most other parts of the world. (government.is)
  • Our results provide a baseline for winter CO2 emissions from northern terrestrial regions and indicate that enhanced soil CO2 loss due to winter warming may offset growing season carbon uptake under future climatic conditions. (ornl.gov)
  • Additionally, she and fellow SDSU ecologist Walt Oechel , along with colleagues at several other institutions, published another study last year showing that the emission of methane, another greenhouse gas, is highest in the Arctic during the region's cold season . (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • IIASA coauthored a draft White Paper "Current Policies, Emission Trends and Mitigation Options for Black Carbon in the Arctic Region" for the Arctic Council's ministerial meeting in 2009. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Arctic regions. (who.int)
  • High-speed connectivity to be available from the North Pole to the 50th parallel - includes the United Kingdom, Canada, Alaska and Arctic Region. (eturbonews.com)
  • Arctic caribou and wild reindeer populations dropped sharply from 4.7 million to 2.1 million grazing animals in two decades, with the largest declines in Alaska and Canada. (phys.org)
  • Five of six potentially water-deficient areas in the country are located in the more arid regions of Canada that, ironically perhaps, are dominated by agricultural land uses that rely on water. (smore.com)
  • Inuit in Canada live in 53 communities across Inuit Nunangat - the northern regions of Canada. (arctic-council.org)
  • MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a state of emergency in the Arctic city of Norilsk on Wednesday after a huge leak of fuel into a river and upbraided a senior official on television over what he said was a bungled state response. (yahoo.com)
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered his government to conclude an agreement to effectively incorporate the military of Georgia's breakaway South Ossetia region into the Russian armed forces' command structure. (rferl.org)
  • This research examines attitudes toward local tourism development held by a sample of stakeholders and residents in three Arctic Canadian communities: Churchill, Northern Manitoba, Cambridge Bay and Pond Inlet, both in Nunavut. (apo.org.au)
  • We are currently working in Arviat to establish another center in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut and have also begun talking to communities, government and industry in the Northwest Territories. (myparc.ca)
  • [3] Arctic Bay is notable for being the birthplace of the former Premier of Nunavut Eva Aariak . (wikipedia.org)
  • Nearly 40 percent of Canada's land mass is considered Arctic and Northern, consisting of the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon, and the northern parts of several provinces. (arctic-council.org)
  • While modern camels are native to desert regions, new research suggests their prehistoric ancestors thrived as far north as Canada's High Arctic, where the fossils of oversized, camel-like creatures were uncovered recently . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The study, " Mid-Pliocene Warm-Period Deposits in the High Arctic Yield Insight into Camel Evolution ," was published online in Nature Communications on March 5. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Illustration of the High Arctic camel on Ellesmere Island during the Pliocene warm period, about 3.5 million years ago. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Susan Kutz - a University of Calgary veterinary parasitologist who identified a novel form of the parasitic nematode worm , the lungworm, in muskoxen in the High Arctic - is one of a small number of veterinarians and biologists trying to decipher the causes and impacts of changing disease outbreaks in the Arctic. (yale.edu)
  • As their habitats change, Arctic wildlife species face new challenges. (weforum.org)
  • IIASA is applying the GAINS model to project the effect of current and forthcoming air quality policies and legislation on particulate matter emissions on warming in the Arctic. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • In 2012 IIASA included a new GAINS emissions set in the new global scenarios which identifies all key aerosol and methane emission sources and mitigation opportunities in the Arctic. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Two datasets for ship emissions are used that characterize the potential impact from shipping and the degree to which shipping controls may mitigate impacts: a high (HIGH) scenario and a low scenario with Maximum Feasible Reduction (MFR) of black carbon in the Arctic. (copernicus.org)
  • In MFR, BC emissions in the Arctic are reduced with 70% representing a combination technology performance and/or reasonable advances in single-technology performance. (copernicus.org)
  • There are many species of migrating birds and fish, common to all the polar regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite sharing a significant number of species, diversity patterns differed between the study regions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Rapid warming and vanishing sea ice in the Arctic has enabled new species, from humpback whales to white-tailed deer, to spread northward. (yale.edu)
  • Other whale species - including minke, bottlenose, fin, and sperm whales - are also making their way north as the Arctic heats up. (yale.edu)
  • But emerging evidence suggests that some of these newly arriving species may be bringing rare or novel pathogens to the Arctic. (yale.edu)
  • In Antarctica, prepare to meet many species of penguins, which are only found in the southern hemisphere and not in the Arctic. (scenicnz.com)
  • While he found many species that shared some characteristics, none matched the new Arctic specimens. (phys.org)
  • Both scenarios result in moderate to substantial increases in concentrations of pollutants both globally and in the Arctic. (copernicus.org)
  • In the season with potential transit traffic through the Arctic in 2030 we find increased concentrations of all pollutants in large parts of the Arctic. (copernicus.org)
  • In this initial study, a total of 6 types of synthetic polymers were reported in the ice cores and microplastic concentrations in Arctic sea ice were estimated (based on extrapolations) to be between (1.3-9.6) × 10 4 particles m −3 . (nature.com)
  • 100 µm in diameter), more diverse types of synthetic polymers (n = 17) and estimated (based on extrapolations) microplastic concentrations in Arctic sea ice to range between (1.1 × 10 6 )-(1.2 × 10 7 ) particles m −3 . (nature.com)
  • Maybe now those alarmists like Paul Beckwith and the always wrong on sea ice expert Peter Wadhams can call off their "Arctic Methane Emergency Group" who say the warming during summer is the biggest problem. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • By counting and measuring them, Walter Anthony is trying to gauge how much methane is rising from Goldstream Lake from the millions of similar lakes that now occupy nearly a third of the Arctic region. (midtownhotelhue.com)
  • Atmospheric scientist Jennifer Francis has for five years propounded a widely discussed theory about the rapidly warming Arctic and global weather: Rising temperatures in the Arctic, closely intertwined with the loss of sea ice, are changing the shape of the jet stream and altering the weather of the Northern Hemisphere. (yale.edu)
  • Marine social-ecological conditions in the Arctic are rapidly changing. (springer.com)
  • In Ontario, populations of urban areas have grown rapidly due to the concentration of immigrants in the larger cities - cities that have expanded geographically at the expense of prime agricultural land in those regions. (smore.com)
  • Arctic communities are coping with rapid, formidable and often irreversible environmental and social changes that fundamentally affect human-environmental relationships and social systems. (iasc.info)
  • How Does Change Actually Affect Arctic Communities? (iasc.info)
  • Last, the regions with the highest population growth rates and lowest population densities - northern communities with large Aboriginal populations - often suffer from a shortfall of access to basic human needs such as clean water and adequate housing. (smore.com)
  • I have family ties that bind me to Nuiqsut and other communities in the Arctic, and exposure to hunting and gathering is an important part of these ties. (globalresearch.ca)
  • Inupiat communities across the Arctic coast of Alaska primarily depend on Bowhead whales for subsistence food and our culture is tied intimately with the whales and the sea. (globalresearch.ca)
  • In general, the research supported with ARSC resources focused on the Earth's arctic region. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this role, she produced in-depth audio portraits and documentary series about life and culture in the Puget Sound Region. (kuow.org)
  • In September, 2013, Marcie was part of the team that created The Record , a daily news magazine focused on the issues and culture of the Puget Sound region. (kuow.org)
  • Follow the latest news of military from the Puget Sound region, and their families, posted in Washington and around the world. (seattlepi.com)
  • Global warming will change the environmental and economic landscapes of the region. (go.com)
  • The environmental changes in the Arctic underscore why NOAA continues to invest in Arctic research and activities, which improve the nation's economic competitiveness, national security, and the sustainable management of natural resources," said retired Navy Rear Adm. (phys.org)
  • This information can inform future assessment of the impact of environmental changes in these regions and management efforts. (frontiersin.org)
  • The environmental system in the Arctic has reached a "new normal. (newrepublic.com)
  • Environmental factors such as the Gulf Stream also make a great deal of difference between regions. (government.is)
  • The Polar Regions are undergoing rapid environmental, socio-cultural and economic transformation. (iasc.info)
  • The Arctic also faces environmental hazards connected with oil spills, fishing, and mining. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • The document was signed during a forum on nuclear energy in the Arctic, environmental protection and safety. (arctic.ru)
  • Basic infrastructure - such as housing, running water or sewage systems - is often inadequate or missing altogether in parts of the Arctic, which could make fighting coronavirus there much more difficult. (arctictoday.com)
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released its annual Arctic Report Card on Tuesday, and boy is it not great. (newrepublic.com)
  • The world's two polar regions of the Arctic and Antarctica are equally captivating - both are home to large pristine landscapes, icebergs, glaciers and abundant wildlife. (scenicnz.com)
  • One of the world's leading ice experts has predicted the final collapse of Arctic sea ice in summer months within four years. (medindia.net)
  • Burning diesel fuel, agricultural burning, wildfires, and residential combustion of solid fuels account for most black carbon that reaches the Arctic. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • This is the closest to the North Pole such remains have ever been found and is the first evidence that these large, prehistoric camels roamed the Arctic region 3.5 million years ago . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The air quality was bad in Norway's north-easternmost region on August 28th and 29th. (rcinet.ca)
  • Is your class learning about the Native Americans that lived in the different regions of North America? (teacherspayteachers.com)
  • But this year's freakishly warm Arctic weather is lending credence to her hypothesis that a lessening of the temperature difference between the Arctic and the mid-latitudes is causing the jet stream to wobble, allowing warm air to flood into the north polar regions and sending frigid air southward into parts of Asia. (yale.edu)
  • We must define the borders in the north of our country, where the Arctic lies. (blogspot.com)
  • 1 , 2 The panel's fourth assessment report includes projections for regions including North America. (cmaj.ca)
  • Our study displayed that even in neighboring Arctic upper tropospheric levels, aged aerosol was transformed due to the interplay of removal processes (nucleation scavenging and dry deposition) and alteration of the aerosol source regions (northeast Asia and north Europe). (mdpi.com)
  • Willow ptarmigan, snowshoe hare, moose and north American beaver have all either been observed increasingly far into the Arctic, or are predicted to expand in that direction. (weforum.org)
  • He rejected China's assertion that it is a "near-Arctic nation. (go.com)
  • Pompeo said responsible Chinese investment is welcome in the Arctic but that China's history of what he called predatory activities elsewhere are cause for concern. (go.com)
  • China's pattern of aggressive behavior elsewhere will inform how it treats the Arctic," he said. (go.com)
  • Recently, comparison of OC concentration ranges in seabirds, arctic cod (Boregadus saida), and zooplankton, found no difference between these regions. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The decision to delay seismic testing in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska signals at least a temporary victory for groups that oppose oil exploration there. (nytimes.com)
  • A draft report issued Thursday is a key step toward allowing drilling in the pristine Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska, potentially ending decades of protections. (nytimes.com)
  • For decades, opposition to drilling has left the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge off limits. (nytimes.com)
  • The Trump administration is reversing a longstanding ban on oil exploration on the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. (nytimes.com)
  • Is Warming Bringing a Wave of New Diseases to Arctic Wildlife? (yale.edu)
  • Our ability to detect and monitor the movement of pathogens in the Arctic is abominable," says one wildlife veterinarian. (yale.edu)
  • What wildlife can I expect to see in the Arctic? (scenicnz.com)
  • The wildlife focus and fascination for many in the Arctic region is the polar bears. (scenicnz.com)
  • Will Opening Up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Spark Another Alaska Oil Boom? (reason.com)
  • Changes like summer heatwaves, unusually mild winters and the early onset of spring have all sorts of consequences for cold-adapted Arctic wildlife. (weforum.org)
  • The same can be said of those of the national sovereignties of neighboring nations, which seek to control the region and its vast resources. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • Although Canada's Arctic region is vast, less than one percent of Canada's population lives there. (arctic-council.org)
  • The concept Whales -- Arctic regions represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Oshkosh Public Library . (oshkoshpubliclibrary.org)
  • I think it is appropriate to mention the name of Vilhjálmur Stefansson as a leader in Arctic exploration. (government.is)
  • The four researchers from the University of Helsinki on board will be analysing the Arctic atmosphere and the processes that take place in it, such as the formation of fine particles. (helsinki.fi)
  • A new study shows how shifting patterns of humidity may bring about changes in the Arctic atmosphere. (medindia.net)
  • The new study compiled data from the 1950s through the present to examine the subtle changes in the Arctic atmosphere over time. (medindia.net)
  • From the strategic point of view, it is a region located in the territory of the traditional powers, which raises the issue of its possible militarization. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • With most research in the area of bioactive sponge metabolites being conducted in temperate and tropical areas and the strong emergence of a myriad of disease resistance, it is becoming increasingly important to survey the fauna of remote regions of the globe for new and replacement drug therapies or compounds with other useful bioactivities. (mdpi.com)