The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
A combustible, gaseous mixture of low-molecular weight PARAFFIN hydrocarbons, generated below the surface of the earth. It contains mostly METHANE and ETHANE with small amounts of PROPANE; BUTANES; and higher hydrocarbons, and sometimes NITROGEN; CARBON DIOXIDE; HYDROGEN SULFIDE; and HELIUM. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.
The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
Educational institutions.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
The fixed oil obtained from the dried ripe seed of linseed, Linum usitatissimum (L. Linaceae). It is used as an emollient in liniments, pastes, and medicinal soaps, and in veterinary medicine as a laxative. It is also called flaxseed oil. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
A plant genus of the family Lamiaceae. The species of Coleus should be distinguished from PLECTRANTHUS BARBATUS - which is also known as Coleus forskohlii.
Organizations involved in all aspects of health planning activities.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
Sites where HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES are deposited. Some have facilities for safely storing, processing, and recycling these waste products.
Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.

Phylogenetic affiliation and quantification of psychrophilic sulfate-reducing isolates in marine Arctic sediments. (1/701)

Thirteen psychrophilic sulfate-reducing isolates from two permanently cold fjords of the Arctic island Spitsbergen (Hornsund and Storfjord) were phylogenetically analyzed. They all belonged to the delta subclass of Proteobacteria and were widely distributed within this group, indicating that psychrophily is a polyphyletic property. A new 16S rRNA-directed oligonucleotide probe was designed against the largest coherent cluster of these isolates. The new probe, as well as a set of available probes, was applied in rRNA slot blot hybridization to investigate the composition of the sulfate-reducing bacterial community in the sediments. rRNA related to the new cluster of incompletely oxidizing, psychrophilic isolates made up 1.4 to 20.9% of eubacterial rRNA at Storfjord and 0.6 to 3. 5% of eubacterial rRNA at Hornsund. This group was the second-most-abundant group of sulfate reducers at these sites. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and hybridization analysis showed bands identical to those produced by our isolates. The data indicate that the psychrophilic isolates are quantitatively important in Svalbard sediments.  (+info)

High bacterial diversity in permanently cold marine sediments. (2/701)

A 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) clone library from permanently cold marine sediments was established. Screening 353 clones by dot blot hybridization with group-specific oligonucleotide probes suggested a predominance of sequences related to bacteria of the sulfur cycle (43.4% potential sulfate reducers). Within this fraction, the major cluster (19.0%) was affiliated with Desulfotalea sp. and other closely related psychrophilic sulfate reducers isolated from the same habitat. The cloned sequences showed between 93 and 100% similarity to these bacteria. Two additional groups were frequently encountered: 13% of the clones were related to Desulfuromonas palmitatis, and a second group was affiliated with Myxobacteria spp. and Bdellovibrio spp. Many clones (18.1%) belonged to the gamma subclass of the class Proteobacteria and were closest to symbiotic or free-living sulfur oxidizers. Probe target groups were further characterized by amplified rDNA restriction analysis to determine diversity within the groups and within the clone library. Rarefaction analysis suggested that the total diversity assessed by 16S rDNA analysis was very high in these permanently cold sediments and was only partially revealed by screening of 353 clones.  (+info)

Community size and metabolic rates of psychrophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria in Arctic marine sediments. (3/701)

The numbers of sulfate reducers in two Arctic sediments with in situ temperatures of 2.6 and -1.7 degrees C were determined. Most-probable-number counts were higher at 10 degrees C than at 20 degrees C, indicating the predominance of a psychrophilic community. Mean specific sulfate reduction rates of 19 isolated psychrophiles were compared to corresponding rates of 9 marine, mesophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria. The results indicate that, as a physiological adaptation to the permanently cold Arctic environment, psychrophilic sulfate reducers have considerably higher specific metabolic rates than their mesophilic counterparts at similarly low temperatures.  (+info)

Distribution patterns of marine bird digenean larvae in periwinkles along the southern coast of the Barents Sea. (4/701)

An important component of the parasite fauna of seabirds in arctic regions are the flukes (Digena). Different species of digeneans have life cycles which may consist of 1 intermediate host and no free-living larval stages, 2 intermediate hosts and 1 free-living stage, or 2 intermediate hosts and 2 free-living larval stages. This study examined the distribution of such parasites in the intertidal zones of the southern coast of the Barents Sea (northwestern Russia and northern Norway) by investigating 2 species of periwinkles (Littorina saxatilis and L. obtusata) which are intermediate hosts of many species of digeneans. A total of 26,020 snails from 134 sampling stations were collected. The study area was divided into 5 regions, and the number of species, frequency of occurrence and prevalence of different digenean species and groups of species (depending on life cycle complexity) were compared among these regions, statistically controlling for environmental exposure. We found 14 species of digeneans, of which 13 have marine birds as final hosts. The number of species per sampling station increased westwards, and was higher on the Norwegian coast than on the Russian coast. The frequency of occurrence of digeneans with more than 1 intermediate host increased westwards, making up a larger proportion of the digeneans among infected snails. This was significant in L. saxatilis. The prevalence of different species showed the same pattern, and significantly more snails of both species were infected with digeneans with complicated life cycles in the western regions. In L. saxatilis, environmental exposure had a statistically significant effect on the distribution of the most common digenean species. This was less obvious in L. obtusata. The causes of changing species composition between regions are probably (1) the harsh climate in the eastern part of the study area reducing the probability of successful transmission of digeneans with complicated life cycles, and (2) the distribution of different final hosts.  (+info)

Psychrophilic sulfate-reducing bacteria isolated from permanently cold arctic marine sediments: description of Desulfofrigus oceanense gen. nov., sp. nov., Desulfofrigus fragile sp. nov., Desulfofaba gelida gen. nov., sp. nov., Desulfotalea psychrophila gen. nov., sp. nov. and Desulfotalea arctica sp. nov. (5/701)

Five psychrophilic, Gram-negative, sulfate-reducing bacteria were isolated from marine sediments off the coast of Svalbard. All isolates grew at the in situ temperature of -1.7 degrees C. In batch cultures, strain PSv29T had the highest growth rate at 7 degrees C, strains ASv26T and LSv54T had the highest growth rate at 10 degrees C, and strains LSv21T and LSv514T had the highest growth rate at 18 degrees C. The new isolates used the most common fermentation products in marine sediments, such as acetate, propionate, butyrate, lactate and hydrogen, but only strain ASv26T was able to oxidize fatty acids completely to CO2. The new strains had growth optima at neutral pH and marine salt concentration, except for LSv54T which grew fastest with 1% NaCl. Sulfite and thiosulfate were used as electron acceptors by strains ASv26T, PSv29T and LSv54T, and all strains except PSv29T grew with Fe3+ (ferric citrate) as electron acceptor. Chemotaxonomy based on cellular fatty acid patterns and menaquinones showed good agreement with the phylogeny based on 16S rRNA sequences. All strains belonged to the delta subclass of Proteobacteria but had at least 9% evolutionary distance from known sulfate reducers. Due to the phylogenetic and phenotypic differences between the new isolates and their closest relatives, establishment of the new genera Desulfotalea gen. nov., Desulfofaba gen. nov. and Desulfofrigus gen. nov. is proposed, with strain ASv26T as the type strain of the type species Desulfofrigus oceanense sp. nov., LSv21T as the type strain of Desulfofrigus fragile sp. nov., PSv29T as the type strain of the type species Desulfofaba gelida sp. nov., LSv54T as the type strain of the type species Desulfotalea psychrophila sp. nov. and LSv514T as the type strain of Desulfotalea arctica sp. nov.  (+info)

Population genetics of ice age brown bears. (6/701)

The Pleistocene was a dynamic period for Holarctic mammal species, complicated by episodes of glaciation, local extinctions, and intercontinental migration. The genetic consequences of these events are difficult to resolve from the study of present-day populations. To provide a direct view of population genetics in the late Pleistocene, we measured mitochondrial DNA sequence variation in seven permafrost-preserved brown bear (Ursus arctos) specimens, dated from 14,000 to 42,000 years ago. Approximately 36,000 years ago, the Beringian brown bear population had a higher genetic diversity than any extant North American population, but by 15,000 years ago genetic diversity appears similar to the modern day. The older, genetically diverse, Beringian population contained sequences from three clades now restricted to local regions within North America, indicating that current phylogeographic patterns may provide misleading data for evolutionary studies and conservation management. The late Pleistocene phylogeographic data also indicate possible colonization routes to areas south of the Cordilleran ice sheet.  (+info)

Susceptibility to infections and immune status in Inuit infants exposed to organochlorines. (7/701)

We investigated whether organochlorine exposure is associated with the incidence of infectious diseases in Inuit infants from Nunavik (Arctic Quebec, Canada). We compiled the number of infectious disease episodes during the first year of life for 98 breast-fed and 73 bottle-fed infants. Concentrations of organochlorines were measured in early breast milk samples and used as surrogates to prenatal exposure levels. Immune system parameters were determined in venous blood samples collected from infants at 3, 7, and 12 months of age. Otitis media was the most frequent disease, with 80. 0% of breast-fed and 81.3% of bottle-fed infants experiencing at least one episode during the first year of life. During the second follow-up period, the risk of otitis media increased with prenatal exposure to p,p'-DDE, hexachlorobenzene, and dieldrin. The relative risk (RR) for 4- to 7-month-old infants in the highest tertile of p, p'-DDE exposure as compared to infants in the lowest tertile was 1. 87 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.07-3.26]. The RR of otitis media over the entire first year of life also increased with prenatal exposure to p,p'-DDE (RR, 1.52; CI, 1.05-2.22) and hexachlorobenzene (RR, 1.49; CI, 1.10-2.03). Furthermore, the RR of recurrent otitis media ( [Greater/equal to] 3 episodes) increased with prenatal exposure to these compounds. No clinically relevant differences were noted between breast-fed and bottle-fed infants with regard to immunologic parameters, and prenatal organochlorine exposure was not associated with immunologic parameters. We conclude that prenatal organochlorine exposure could be a risk factor for acute otitis media in Inuit infants.  (+info)

Persistence of bat defence reactions in high Arctic moths (Lepidoptera). (8/701)

We investigated the bat defence reactions of three species of moths (Gynaephora groenlandica, Gynaephora rossi (Lymantriidae) and Psychophora sabini (Geometridae)) in the Canadian Arctic archipelago. Since these moths inhabit the Arctic tundra and, therefore, are most probably spatially isolated from bats, their hearing and associated defensive reactions are probably useless and would therefore be expected to disappear with ongoing adaptation to Arctic conditions. When exposed to bat-like ultrasound (26 kHz and 110 dB sound pressure level root mean square at 1 m) flying male Gynaephora spp. always reacted defensively by rapidly reversing their flight course. They could hear the sound and reacted at least 15-25 m away. Psychophora sabini walking on a surface froze at distances of at least 5-7 m from the sound source. However, two out of three individuals of this species (all males) did not respond in any way to the sound while in flight. Hence, we found evidence of degeneration of bat defence reactions, i.e. adaptation to the bat-free environment, in P. sabini but not in Gynaephora spp. Some Arctic moths (Gynaephora spp.) still possess defensive reactions against bats, possibly because the selection pressure for the loss of the trait is such that it declines only very slowly (perhaps by genetic drift; and there may not have been enough time for the trait to disappear. One possible reason may be that Arctic moths have long generation times.  (+info)

Family Dental Care. Many people are going to get dental insurance through their places of employment. They will usually be able to put most of their family members on their dental plans, which is going to make everything easier for them and for all of their family members. Purchasing dental insurance individually is going to be difficult at the best of times and certainly the worst of times, especially since different people are going to have vastly different dental needs, especially at different ages. Getting Calgary SE dentist can really make all the difference.. For many families, dental care is going to be most expensive when their children reach adolescence. Teenagers frequently experience crowding and they often have teeth that came in wrong by the time they reach adolescence. With very little kids, people usually dont even bother filling in cavities or dealing with those sorts of problems at all, since the kids are going to lose those teeth anyway. However, with teenagers, it suddenly ...
The flames confirm that the bubbles are methane, the main component of natural gas. By counting and measuring them, Walter Anthony is trying to gauge how much methane is rising from Goldstream Lake from the millions of similar lakes that now occupy nearly a third of the Arctic region. The Arctic has warmed much faster than the rest of the planet in recent decades, and as the permafrost has melted, old lakes have grown and new ones have formed. cheap china jerseys. Statistical analysis is even more difficult. According to those who say racial profiling doesnt happen, there are too many variables that would need to be taken into account to accurately compare general populations to prison populations. Even if traffic stops, roadside searches or arrests are broken down by race, these stats might be skewed because police make more traffic stops at times of day when more minorities are driving, or minorities might have a greater tendency to violate traffic laws. A great river for gold panning, ...
Most snow in the arctic regions is dry, which means there is little to no moisture in the snow - #82282739 added by stanleys at Waterbending...
Fingerprint Подробные сведения о темах исследования «Ecological risk analysis as a key factor in environmental safety system development in the Arctic region of the Russian Federation». Вместе они формируют уникальный семантический отпечаток (fingerprint). ...
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See More photos on Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region, Putin said that current estimates put the value of the Arctics mineral riches at $30 trillion (£21.1 trillion).
The Arctic region plays an important role in the regulation of the Earths climate. Conditions in the Arctic may suggest the existence of tipping points, including ice-albedo feedback from melting Arctic sea ice[3] and Arctic methane release from thawing permafrost and methane clathrate.[4] The speed of future retreat of the Arctic sea ice is contentious. The IPCC Fourth Assessment Report of 2007 states that in some projections, Arctic late-summer sea ice disappears almost entirely by the latter part of the 21st century. However, the ice has since undergone unexpectedly significant retreat, reaching a record low area in summer 2007 before recovering somewhat in 2008. A tipping point process could potentially commence as the Arctic region warms, if there is positive feedback with sufficient gain. Tim Lenton suggests that the retreat of sea ice is such a process, and the tipping may have started already.[5] Climate engineering has been proposed for preventing or reversing tipping point events in ...
The Sami people are the Natives of northern Scandinavia. The knowledge of the health and living conditions of the Swedish Sami is extremely limited which is in contrast to the large amount of detailed information on health and socioeconomic issues that is available for other circumpolar Natives. The encounter with the western society and the acculturation process has for many native populations had serious health consequences, causing a dramatic increase of lifestyle related diseases such as cancer, diabetes, stroke, obesity and hypertension as well as a dramatic increase of suicide and drug abuse.. The overall objective of this thesis was to investigate the health conditions of the Sami population of Sweden using causes of death and incidences of cancer and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) as health indicators, and to evaluate their possible association with acculturative factors such as assimilation, integration, separation and marginalization.. A Sami population was identified containing a total ...
Porifera have long been a reservoir for the discovery of bioactive compounds and drug discovery. Most research in the area has focused on sponges from tropical and temperate waters, but more recently the focus has shifted to the less accessible colder waters of the Antarctic and, to a lesser extent, the Arctic. The Antarctic region in particular has been a more popular location for natural products discovery and has provided promising candidates for drug development. This article reviews groups of bioactive compounds that have been isolated and reported from the southern reaches of the Arctic Circle, surveys the known sponge diversity present in the Arctic waters, and details a recent sponge collection by our group in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. The collection has yielded previously undescribed sponge species along with primary activity against opportunistic infectious diseases, malaria, and HCV. The discovery of new sponge species and bioactive crude extracts gives optimism for the isolation of new
Arctic soils contain large amounts of organic matter due to very slow rates of detritus decomposition. The first step in decomposition results from the activity of extracellular enzymes produced by soil microbes. We hypothesized that potential enzyme activities are low relative to the large stocks of organic matter in Arctic tundra soils, and that enzyme activity is low at in situ temperatures. We measured the potential activity of six hydrolytic enzymes at 4 and 20 °C on four sampling dates in tussock, intertussock, shrub organic, and shrub mineral soils at Toolik Lake, Alaska. Potential activities of N-acetyl glucosaminidase, β-glucosidase, and peptidase tended to be greatest at the end of winter, suggesting that microbes produced enzymes while soils were frozen. In general, enzyme activities did not increase during the Arctic summer, suggesting that enzyme production is N-limited during the period when temperatures would otherwise drive higher enzyme activity in situ. We also detected ...
Lapland is the largest and northernmost of the region of Finland. In some parts of the world, particularly Britain, Ireland and Finland itself, it is considered the traditional home of Father Christmas (Joulupukki). Rovaniemi is the capital of Finnish Lapland, located on the Northern Arctic Circle. As a travel destination, Rovaniemi is above all known as the hometown of Santa Claus, a town where the wonders of Lapland, proximity of nature, and the services provided by this modern town can easily be experienced throughout the year.Lapland belongs to a continental climatic zone characterized by snowy winters and relatively warm summers. The four seasons of Lapland distinctly differ from one another, from the wintertime period of harsh freezing temperatures and a few hours of daylight to the springtime with great ski slope conditions and the summertime with the Midnight Sun and autumn with its vibrant autumnal ruska period. The most common and best known animal is the reindeer that is an essential ...
...Thousands of scientists from 60 countries will be conducting research ...Having access to near-continuous satellite data of these regions over ...Since their advent satellites have contributed to a greater understand...International Polar Year (IPY) 2007-2008 aims to enhance international...,Earth,observation,satellites,contribute,to,international,polar,year,2007-2008,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
We are in the midst of phase of dramatic change in the Arctic, and the International Polar Year 2007/08 offers us a unique opportunity to study this dwindling ocean in collaboration with international researchers said Schauer. Oceanographers on board the research ship Polarstern are investigating the composition and circulation of the water masses, physical characteristics of sea-ice and transport of biological and geochemical components in ice and seawater. Sea-ice ecosystems in the seawater and on the ocean floor will also be a focus of investigations. Scientists will take sediments from the ocean floor in order to reconstruct the climatic history of the surrounding continents.. Oceanographic measuring buoys were set out in all regions of the Arctic ocean for the first time during this International Polar Year. They are able to drift freely in the Arctic Ocean whilst collecting data on currents, temperature, and salt content of the seawater. The buoys will continuously collect data over and ...
Introduction The aim of the research project was to examine prevalence, co-morbidity, and impact on daily life of pain and dysfunction in the jaw-face, head, and neck-shoulder regions among adult Sami women in northern Sweden. The aim of the qualitative part of the study was to explore, thoughts, experiences, and beliefs regarding temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among Sami women with and without TMD, to gain insights into their health care experiences.. Methods The research project used a mixed methods approach including questionnaire analysis, a case-control study, and thematic interviews. The study population (Papers I and III) included 487 women living in the Arctic region of northern Sweden and enrolled in the register of the Swedish Sami Parliament or registered as reindeer owners or reindeer herders in the Swedish Board of Agriculture. Two years after the questionnaire study, 22 women (cases) with longstanding, intense, and frequent symptoms indicative of TMD, together with 46 ...
January 26, 2010. Demonstrating that the burden of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) is not just dependent on climate, but mainly related to incidence of poverty, a new paper published in the open-access journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases details the large number of neglected infections of poverty in the Arctic region and calls for greater research into these devastating, debilitating and sometimes deadly diseases in the region.. One of the most dramatic illustrations of poverty as the single most important determinant of neglected infections among human populations is the observation that these conditions occur among the poorest people in the Arctic region, states the papers author, Dr. Peter Hotez, President of the Sabin Vaccine Institute and Distinguished Research Professor at George Washington University. Hotez notes that there are a dozen neglected infections of poverty in the region, most of which are foodborne.. There are seven countries with significant territory in the Arctic, ...
Polarstern, a German research vessel, is about to embark on its icy journey across the Arctic. The four researchers from the University of Helsinki on board will be analysing the Arctic atmosphere and the processes that take place in it.
The Prirazlomnoye field was the scene of an environmental protest in the autumn of 2013 that saw 30 Greenpeace member arrested by Russia on charges of piracy.. Miller also noted his companys completion of the Gates of the Arctic offshore offloading terminal that will pave the way for year-round oil supplies from the Novoportovskoye field in the Yamal Peninsula in northwest Siberia.. Commenting on Gazproms downstream operations, Miller said that the firm is fortifying its position in the European gas market, noting the signing of a deal to construct the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.. This new gas transmission route placed under the Baltic Sea will substantially boost the reliability of gas supply to Europe for decades to come. In order to feed gas into Nord Stream 2 we are creating gas transmission infrastructure across Russia. We have already set to construction its key part - the Ukhta-Torzhok-2 gas pipeline - [which has] great importance not only for gas export, but also for developing ...
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We must define the borders in the north of our country, where the Arctic lies. Our estimate is that it makes up 18% of our territory. And we are saying that 20,000 kilometers of the state border runs in this region, Patrushev told journalists after a Security Council meeting ...
Faculty, Staff, Publications, Programs, Courses and News for the Arctic at the Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington.
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Arctic lakes are a significant source of the greenhouse gas methane (CH4), but the role that methane oxidizing bacteria (methanotrophs) play in limiting the overall CH4 flux is poorly understood. Here, we used stable isotope probing (SIP) techniques to identify the metabolically active aerobic methanotrophs in upper sediments (0-1 cm) from an arctic lake in northern Alaska sampled during ice-free summer conditions. The highest CH4 oxidation potential was observed in the upper sediment (0-1 cm depth) with 1.59 μmol g wet weight-1 day-1 compared with the deeper sediment samples (1-3 cm, 3-5 cm and 5-10 cm), which exhibited CH4 oxidation potentials below 0.4 μmol g wet weight-1 day-1. Both type I and type II methanotrophs were directly detected in the upper sediment total communities using targeted primer sets based on 16S rRNA genes. Sequencing of 16S rRNA genes and functional genes (pmoA and mxaF) in the 13C-DNA from the upper...
Interestingly, this low sea ice extent has not evoked any major media attention - corresponding news seemed out of place in the light of this rainy summer, some journalists said. But climatologically, Julys Arctic sea ice record minimum is very important, says Dirk Notz: usually, sea ice serves as a solar mirror and reflects the incoming sunlight back into outer space - with a strong cooling effect for the Arctic region. If, like this year, this solar mirror is significantly reduced at a point in time when the sun is high in the sky around the clock, the cooling effect is much smaller. The unusually large areas of open water take up significant amounts of heat, which in turn causes additional melt of the remaining ice at its bottom. The heat uptake by the ocean additionally delays the formation of new ice in autumn. In this context, the members of the Max Planck Research Group The Sea Ice in the Earth System around Dirk Notz are investigating how this loss of sea ice influences the Arctic sea ...
Cyclic parthenogenesis is the ancestral mode of reproduction in the cladoceran crustacean, Daphnia pulex, but some populations have made the transition to obligate parthenogenesis and this is the only mode of reproduction known to occur in arctic populations. Melanism and polyploidy are also common in arctic populations of this species. Prior allozyme studies of arctic D. pulex revealed substantial levels of clonal diversity on a regional scale. Clonal groupings based on cluster analysis of allozyme genotypes do not conform to groupings based on the presence/absence of melanin or on ploidy level. In order to further elucidate genetic relationships among arctic D. pulex clones, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation was examined in 31 populations from two Canadian high-arctic sites. The data were also compared to a previous study of mtDNA variation in populations from a Canadian low-arctic site. Cladistic analysis of restriction site variation of the entire mitochondrial genome and nucleotide ...
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NOAA scientist Sue Moore reported at the 2010 Alaska Marine Science Symposium on a study that related the changes in Arctic sea ice extent with the movements and habitats of polar bears, walruses, and gray whales in the Pacific side of the Arctic region.
An intricate maze of islands protects Norways coastline. We celebrate crossing the Arctic Circle and visit special places, like Sør Gjaeslingan, once home to a busy cod-fishing fleet. Today it provides fantastic birdlife, including kittiwakes, terns and skuas that migrate here each summer. Continuing north, we pass by Torghatten, a mountain with a distinctive hole through it, and learn the fable of lost love and a trolls arrow. Majestic scenery delights in Lofoten Islands, from romantic beaches to narrow fjords hemmed by granite walls. Share the water with orcas, the skies with puffins ...
Summer outdoor activities in childhood and adolescence are associated with a reduced risk of MS even north of the Arctic Circle. Supplemental cod-liver oil may be protective when sun exposure is less, suggesting that both climate and diet may interact to influence MS risk at a population level.
Arctic Circle Ale is a Sahti style beer brewed by Malmgårdin Panimo in Malmgård, Finland. 3.94 average with 145 ratings, reviews and opinions.
There are 130 calories in 1 serving of Arctic Circle Honey Mustard Sauce. Youd need to walk 36 minutes to burn 130 calories. Visit CalorieKing to see calorie count and nutrient data for all portion sizes.
Journal of Ecology 2007 What is the relationship between changes in canopy leaf Blackwell Publishing Ltd area and changes in photosynthetic CO 2 flux in arctic ecosystems? L. E. STREET, G. R. SHAVER, M.
Lapland Yllas Santa short Break (Inghams) - Review of Lapland (Finland) compare prices for Finland Experience . Read 21 reviews about Lapland (Finland) and find good travel tips.
As Arctic sea ice continues to melt, this November marked the close of the longest Arctic sailing and shipping season ever recorded. Please join Scott Borgerson and Paula Dobriansky to discuss the economic, environmental, and security implications of a changing Arctic region and its significance for the United States.
February 25, 2009. GENEVA (AFP) - Icecaps around the North and South Poles are melting faster and in a more widespread manner than expected, raising sea levels and fuelling climate change, a major scientific survey showed Wednesday.. The International Polar Year survey found that warming in the Antarctic is much more widespread than was thought, while Arctic sea ice is diminishing and the melting of Greenlands ice cover is accelerating.. The frozen and often inaccessible polar regions have long been regarded as some of the most sensitive barometers of environmental change and global warming because of their influence on the worlds oceans and atmosphere.. Preliminary findings from the two year survey by thousands of scientists revealed new evidence that the ocean around the Antarctic has warmed more rapidly than the global average, the World Meteorological Organisation and the International Council for Science said in a statement.. Meanwhile, shifts in temperature patterns deep underwater ...
Methane (CH4) flux to the atmosphere is mitigated via microbial CH4 oxidation in sediments and water. As arctic temperaturesincrease, understanding the effects of temperature on the activity and identity of methanotrophs in arctic lake sediments is importantto predicting future CH4 emissions. We used DNA-based stable-isotope probing (SIP), quantitative PCR (Q-PCR), andpyrosequencing analyses to identify and characterize methanotrophic communities active at a range of temperatures (4°C, 10°C,and 21°C) in sediments (to a depth of 25 cm) sampled from Lake Qalluuraq on the North Slope of Alaska. CH4 oxidation activitywas measured in microcosm incubations containing sediments at all temperatures, with the highest CH4 oxidation potential of37.5 mol g1 day1 in the uppermost (depth, 0 to 1 cm) sediment at 21°C after 2 to 5 days of incubation. Q-PCR of pmoA and ofthe 16S rRNA genes of type I and type II methanotrophs, and pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA genes in 13C-labeled DNA obtained bySIP demonstrated ...
Offering ten times better resolution than any other satellite images, GlobIce provides incredibly accurate information about sea ice dynamics in the Arctic. With missions like ESAs CryoSat producing increasingly detailed measurements of the thickness and extent of polar ice, the high-resolution maps produced by GlobIce could also help interpret the data.. GlobIce can also be used to interpret other critical data, such as the ice thickness measurements now being provided by CryoSat, said Dr Laxon.. Although the GlobIce project primarily focused on developing operational products for the Arctic region, it has recently been prototyped to generate products over the Antarctic. Sample products of the Antarctic are now available for August and September 2010.. Owing to the different characteristics of south polar sea ice, which makes it difficult to monitor from many low-resolution sensors, there is very little sea ice dynamics data available. GlobIce could be used to fill this gap in the ...
A large international team of researchers has found another troubling indicator of climate change: the Arctic Ocean around the North Pole is getting warmer, and in the process, becoming more like the Atlantic Ocean to its south. Specifically, the eastern Eurasian Basin is now more ice-free and showing mixing of vertical layers of water, a phenomenon common in the Atlantic.. (From International Business Times / By Himanshu Goenka) - Record-breaking loss of sea ice has become a common feature in the Arctic every summer the last 10 years or so. Since 2011, the eastern Eurasian Basin region has been nearly free of ice at the end of every summer.. In a statement issued Thursday, the American Association for the Advancement of Science said the changes in the Arctic Ocean will have substantial impact on other components of the Arctic Ocean system. For example, it will likely enhance atmosphere-ocean interactions that affect the oceans heat storage and currents, change freshwater storage and export ...
The complex and multifaceted perturbations caused by climate variability and change creates an impetus for research aimed at understanding the consequences for the ecology and hydrology of sensitive Arctic freshwater ecosystems. Climate change is anticipated to manifest in many ways for Arctic freshwater bodies including, changes to the physical structure of the ecosystem through the thawing of permafrost, altered inputs of nutrients and carbon to lakes, changes in length of growing season, and possibly changes in the species composition and food web structure. All of these alterations have the potential to affect the net balance of primary production and respiration in lakes, thereby altering the observed concentrations of ecologically important gases, such as, carbon dioxide (CO2). Changes to CO2 concentrations in Arctic lakes may have important consequences for the net carbon balance of Arctic ecosystems as a whole. In the terrestrial landscape, as Arctic permafrost thaws, carbon stored in ...
Although the origin of the Alaskan Malamute is not clearly known, it is generally considered to be a descendant of the Mahlemut dog. An ancient Inuit tribe, the Mahlemut were the native people of Norton Sound, an inlet on the northwest coast of Alaska.. Mahlemut is derived from the word Mahle, which is the name of an Inuit tribe, and mut, which means village. Just like many dogs belonging to the spitz family, this breed developed in the Arctic region and was shaped by difficult climatic conditions.. Originally, the dogs functioned as partners when hunting for polar bears, seals, and other big game. Because the Alaskan Malamute was strong, large and fast, it could easily perform the task that would require many small dogs, such as carrying the large carcases back to the masters home. The Malamute became so intertwined with peoples lives, that it soon was regarded as a member of the family, no longer treated as a mere pet.. In the 1700s, foreign explorers of Alaska -- many who came during the ...
|p|The U.S. Arctic Ocean supports unique species found nowhere else in the country and is home to indigenous Inupiat people who have thrived on its bounty for thousands of years. The Pew Charitable Trusts believes that a balance must be struck between responsible economic development and preservation of ecosystem integrity and function in the Arctic Ocean. Safeguarding especially important areas can help the rapidly changing Arctic environment remain healthy, while providing local communities and the businesses that have invested there with more certainty about the future management of the region.|/p|
When most people think of polar bears, they typically envision a white bear residing in the Arctic region of the world. Despite popular belief, however, polar bear fur isnt actually white.
http://dsc.discovery.com/news/2008/08/25/gallery/norway-arctic-324x205.jpg Michael Reilly, Discovery News Aug. 25, 2008 -- Locked away in the frozen soils of the Arctic tundra, there lies a ticking time bomb. Nothing more than accumulated leaves, roots and other plant matter, the unassuming detritus is rich in carbon, giving it the power to dramatically enhance the effects of global warming should it ever get into the atmosphere. But for now it mostly lies dormant, in cold storage in
Destabilization and degradation of permafrost carbon in the Arctic regions could constitute a positive feedback to climate change. A better understanding of its fate upon discharge to the Arctic shelf is therefore needed. In this study, bulk carbon isotopes as well as terrigenous and marine biomarkers were used to construct two centennial records in the East Siberian Sea. Differences in topsoil and Pleistocene Ice Complex Deposit permafrost concentrations, modeled using δ13C and Δ14C, were larger between inner and outer shelf than the changes over time. Similarly, lignin-derived phenol and cutin acid concentrations differed by a factor of ten between the two stations, but did not change significantly over time, consistent with the dual-carbon isotope model. High molecular weight (HMW) n-alkane and n-alkanoic acid concentrations displayed a smaller difference between the two stations (factor of 3-6). By contrast, the fraction for marine OC drastically decreased during burial with a half-life of ...
The Arctic Ocean is experiencing major transformations. The ongoing changes in the Arctic sea ice extent have already opened up large areas in the waters under Norwegian jurisdiction in the Arctic, enabling an increasing human presence and activity. These developments put pressures on Arctic Ocean ecosystems, and new challenges for their sustainable management arise (AC, 2004). The reduction in extent, thickness and age of the Arctic Ocean sea ice is a visible sign of climate change. The direction of change has been predicted by global models, but the speed of change has been underestimated (AC, 2011). The area in the Arctic Ocean covered by ice reached an all-time low in September 2012 (3.6 million km2).. ...
For years, rates of invasive pneumococcal disease, a sometimes fatal bacterial disease that causes pneumonia and meningitis, have been higher in Alaska Natives than in nonindigenous Alaskans. Children less than age 2 have been particularly hard-hit, with rates of disease 4 to 6 times higher than their non-Native peers.. In the first population-based assessment of the disease in the Arctic using similar methods, scientists from CDC and from institutions in other circumpolar nations analyzed invasive pneumoccocal disease data by country to determine rates of disease, risk factors and disease trends following the introduction of a pneumococcal vaccine called PCV7.. The study found that, during 1999-2005, more than 11,000 cases of invasive pneumococcal disease were detected among the 7 circumpolar areas of study (Alaska, Canada, Norway, Iceland, Greenland, Finland and Sweden). Rates were highest in young children and in the elderly.. After vaccination with PCV7 began, rates of disease caused by the ...
Isolation of Protease-Producing Arctic Marine Bacteria - Arctic;Marine bacteria;Protease;Exiguobacterium;Pseudoalteromonas;Pseudomonas;
While the South Pole lies on a continental land mass, the North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean amidst waters ... He became an expert on biogeography, creating the basis for the zoogeographic regions still in use today. While he was ... In 1576 - 1578, he took three trips to what is now the Canadian Arctic in order to find the passage. Frobisher Bay, which he ... Though he was unable to pass through the icy Arctic waters, he reported to his sponsors that the passage they sought is "a ...
Simmonds, Peter (1860). The Arctic Regions. Routledge, Warne, and Routledge. p. 287. The Magazine of American History with ... And after he gained a little fame in the 1850s with his Arctic expedition, and then sailing HMS Resolute to the United Kingdom ... including the account he wrote himself of the Arctic expedition he led in 1855. Most maps from the 1840s to the 1890s spelled ...
to the Arctic regions. John Saunders, London. Inglefield, Edward Augustus; Dickie, George; Sutherland, Peter Cormack (1853). A ... and of a residence in the Arctic regions during the years 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833. London, A.W. Webster. Ross, John; Ross ... and a residence in the Arctic regions during the years 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833. London: A W Webster. Hewitson, David ( ... In 1857, he was awarded the Arctic Medal for his service as an able seaman on the 1824-25 voyage of HMS Hecla, the first of his ...
... from the Arctic regions ... the first and only inhabitants of these frozen regions ever brought to" the United States. Not long ... Joe returned to the Arctic several times to work as a guide, while Taqulittuq remained behind, caring for Panik and working as ... Potter, R. (2007). Arctic Spectacles: The Frozen North in Visual Culture, 1818-1875. University of Washington Press. ISBN 978- ... She and her husband Ipirvik worked alongside Arctic explorer Charles Francis Hall and joined him in his search for Franklin's ...
Arctic regions 1091-1095.5.......Yukon 1096-1100.5.......Mackenzie 1101-1105.7........Franklin 1106-1110.5........Keewatin 1121 ... Trans-Mississippi Region. Great Plains 597.................The Northwest 598.................Missouri River and Valley 601-615 ... The Lake region. Great Lakes 561-575..........Michigan 576-590..........Wisconsin 590.3-596.3....The West. ...
November 1952). "The Arctic Regions" (PDF). Image, Journal of Photography of George Eastman House. Rochester, N.Y.: ... William Bradford (15 May 2013). The Arctic Regions: Illustrated With Photographs Taken on an Art Expedition to Greenland. David ... He is known for his paintings of ships and Arctic seascapes. He went on several Arctic expeditions with Dr. Isaac Israel Hayes ... entitled The Arctic regions, illustrated with photographs taken on an art expedition to Greenland; with descriptive narrative ...
Arctic Slope Regional Corporation. Retrieved 2020-10-25. "Alaska Native Affairs , Alaska Region". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 2020- ... In the Alaskan Arctic, subsistence activities exist as a way for the community to gather, celebrate, and share sustenance. Many ... Despite the passing of this treaty in 1918, it had little effect in the region until Alaska was granted statehood in 1959. ... This act set up the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, a Native corporation on the North Slope of Alaska with over 13,000 ...
ISBN 978-1-55365-259-5. Hall, Charles Francis (9 April 1871). "Geographical Discoveries in the Arctic Regions". Journal of the ... Wager Bay or Ukkusiksalik Bay is long narrow inlet in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada, which opens east into Roes ... Wager Bay was first charted by Christopher Middleton during his Arctic explorations of 1742. He named it after Sir Charles ... Struzik, Edward; Mike Beedell (1991). Northwest Passage: the quest for an Arctic route to the east (Digitized Oct 4, 2008 ed ...
Four Years in the Arctic Regions. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. Mirsky, Jeannette (1970). To the Arctic: The story of ... M'Dougall, George F. (1857). The eventful voyage of H.M. discovery ship "Resolute" to the Arctic regions, in search of Sir John ... Osborn, Sherard (1852). Stray leaves from an Arctic journal, or, Eighteen months in the polar regions : in search of Sir John ... Stefansson, Vilhjalmur (1922). The Friendly Arctic: The Story of Five Years in Polar Regions. New York: Macmillan. Hayes, Derek ...
"Arctic & Antarctic Regions - Database Coverage List". EBSCOhost. Archived from the original on 2012-10-04. Retrieved Feb 22, ... Polar Record is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering all aspects of Arctic and Antarctic exploration and ... "so much exploration and exploitation in the polar regions, the news of which appear in so many forms and languages", and that " ...
2001). "Polar Regions (Arctic and Antarctic). In: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of ... Polar regions: Anisimov et al. (2001:804) reviewed the literature on climate change impacts in polar regions. With very high ... New opportunities for trading and shipping across the Arctic ocean, lower operational costs for the oil and gas industry, lower ... Aggregating impacts adds up the total impact of climate change across sectors and/or regions (IPCC, 2007a:76). In producing ...
Increasing ground instability in permafrost regions. Increasing rock avalanches in mountain regions. Changes in some Arctic and ... It is projected with high confidence that: Dry regions are projected to get drier, and wet regions are projected to get wetter ... "Sea ice is projected to shrink in both the Arctic and Antarctic ... In some projections, Arctic late-summer sea ice disappears ... Other regions appear to have experienced increased hurricane intensity as well, but there are concerns about the quality of ...
... research operations in Arctic or Antarctic regions; visual ice patrol; fishery reconnaissance. As of January 1, 2006, twenty- ... An-74: Arctic/Antarctic support model with room for five crew, increased fuel capacity, larger radar in bulged nose radome, ... The An-74 was initially an upgrade of the An-72 test aircraft, intended to be used in the Arctic and Antarctica; and had the ... de-icing equipment and a number of other upgrades allowing the aircraft to support operations in Arctic or Antarctic ...
Model regions are the Arctic and Europe. Highly resolved regional model are used to simulate atmosphere, ocean, sea ice, ice ... Regional climate changes in the Arctic Forcing and long-term effects at the land-ocean interface The land surface in the ...
2006) North America: Arctic and Circumpolar Regions. Encyclopedia of Archaeology. Edited by Deborah M. Pearsall. pp. 246-271. ... The Arctic Studies Center curates extensive arctic and sub-arctic ethnology collections, the majority of which were acquired ... History Channel Production 2002 Arctic Studies Center Arctic Studies Center Publications Series Arctic Studies Center ... At the beginning of his career, Fitzhugh focused especially on questions of human adaptations to arctic and sub-arctic ...
The Geography of the Polar Regions. American Geographical Society. pp. 126. "International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic ... The lowest point of the Arctic Ocean lies within the Nansen Basin and has a depth of 4,665 m. The Barents Abyssal Plain is ... The Nansen Basin (also Central Basin, formerly Fram Basin) is an abyssal plain with water-depths of around 3 km in the Arctic ... "Arctic Ocean". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2009-07-28. "Towering Mountains". Canada's Aquatic ...
Polar regions: Anisimov et al. (2001, pp. 804-805) concluded that: within the Antarctic and Arctic, at localities where water ... In (book chapter): Polar Regions (Arctic and Antarctic). In: Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. ... the Arctic would be extremely vulnerable to climate change. Anisimov et al. (2001) predicted that there would be major ... Industry, settlements and society: At the scale of a large nation or region, at least in most industrialized economies, the ...
Stefansson, Vilhjalmur (1921). The friendly Arctic; the story of five years in Polar regions. New York: Macmillan Co. pp. 139, ... Castel Bay is a Canadian Arctic waterway in the Northwest Territories. It is a southern arm of M'Clure Strait on northeast ... It is named by Vilhjalmur Stefansson in honour of Arctic explorer Aarnout Castel. ...
Mammals of North America: Temperate and Arctic Regions. Willowdale: Firefly Books. Banfield AWF. 1974. The Mammals of Canada. ...
Sverdrup, Otto Neumann; Per Schei; Herman Georg Simmons; Edvard Bay (1904). New land: four years in the Arctic regions. 4. ... The Gretha Islands (variant: Grethas Ōer) are an uninhabited island group located in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada ... They are members of the Sverdrup Islands group, Queen Elizabeth Islands, and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. The three Gretha ...
Forsyth A. (1999). Mammals of North America: Temperate and Arctic regions. Willowdale: Firefly Books. Walker EP, Paradiso JL. ( ...
Forsyth A. (1999). Mammals of North America: Temperate and Arctic regions. Willowdale: Firefly Books. Walker EP, Paradiso JL. ( ... The video games Pokémon Black and White take place in the Unova region (based on the eastern United States) and contain Emolga ... Although southern flying squirrels may be present in heavily wooded suburban regions, they never occur in large numbers in ...
Almost worldwide, except the Arctic and Antarctic regions. The subfamily formerly included three tribes, about 29 genera and ...
"Pan-Arctic Sea Ice Outlook 2009: Summary Report". SEARCH. "Mass Balance, what is it?". Cold Regions Research and Engineering ... There are no Arctic-wide or Antarctic-wide measurements of the volume of sea ice, but the volume of the Arctic sea ice is ... Russia's Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute has compiled ice charts dating back to 1933. Today, scientists studying Arctic ... For Arctic sea ice virtually all of the growth occurs on the bottom of the ice. Melting occurs on both the top and the bottom ...
This region was declared a National Park of Colombia in 1977 because of its importance as a biodiversity hotspot and main ... Root Mass and Aboveground:Belowground Ratio". Arctic and Alpine Research. 27 (1): 13-18. doi:10.2307/1552063. JSTOR 1552063. ... Scattered throughout the regions between 11°N and 8°S latitudes, these ecosystems are located mainly in the northwest corner of ... The Andes also play a key role in the climate of these regions as they cause an orographic uplift in which moist air rises. ...
Up to five species of cetaceans have been recorded as a food source in the coastal regions of Alaska, the Central Arctic and ( ... Forsyth, A. (1999). Mammals of North America: temperate and arctic regions. Firefly Books. Mattson, D. J. (2004). "Consumption ... in the Mackenzie Delta region, Northwest Territories". Arctic. 62 (#3): 312-316. doi:10.14430/arctic151. JSTOR 40513309.CS1 ... "Feeding patterns of barren-ground grizzly bears in the central Canadian Arctic" (PDF). Arctic. 55 (#4): 339-344. doi:10.14430/ ...
The species has been collected in the Czech Republic, in the Magadan region of the Russian Far East as well as the arctic zone ... Arctic zone". Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya (in Russian). 40 (4): 294-306. Beig MA, Dar GH, Ganai NA, Khan NA (2008). " ... Govorova OK, Sazanova NA (2000). "Clavarioid fungi of Magadan region". Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya (in Russian). 34 (5): 8-10. ...
Currently, Yamal Nenets is the only Arctic Region in the Russian Federation that is not experiencing population decline. ... The region also accounts for 12% of Russia's oil production. The region is the most important to Russia's largest company ... Staalesen, Atle (October 8, 2016). "The Russian Arctic growth region". The Independent Barents Observer. Retrieved January 6, ... OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/ ...
It has been suggested that Ross' influence, as well as the widely publicized loss of the Franklin expedition in the Arctic in ... Subsequently, exploration of the southern regions of the world came to a halt. Interest was renewed again between 1819 and 1843 ... During the Heroic Age, the Antarctic region became the focus of international efforts that resulted in intensive scientific and ... ISBN 07-4754-123-X. American Association for the Advancement of Science (1887). The Exploration of the Antarctic Regions. New ...
A chronological history of voyages into the Arctic regions. p. 304. Barrow. A chronological history of voyages into the Arctic ... ISBN 1-4021-7022-X. Barrow, John (1818). A chronological history of voyages into the Arctic regions: undertaken chiefly for the ... He had a particular connection with Horatio Nelson, who served under Lutwidge as a midshipman on an expedition to the Arctic in ... The Carcass was then refitted at Sheerness between March and April for a voyage to the Arctic, with Lutwidge retaining command ...
Barnes, Brian M. (1989). "Freeze Avoidance in a Mammal: Body Temperatures Below 0 °C in an Arctic Hibernator". Science. 244 ( ... Eating positions vary according to the different regions of the world, as culture influences the way people eat their meals. ... For example, the internal temperatures of hibernating arctic ground squirrels can drop to −2.9 °C (26.8 °F), however the head ...
These regions of high link density are often referred to as cliques, hubs, compartments, cohesive sub-groups, or modules... ... Arctic (or polar) food webs, terrestrial food webs, and microbial food webs. These characterizations stem from the ecosystem ... as the major determinant for populations of culturable bacteria in the sediments of an intact mangrove in an arid region" (PDF) ... "Animal Communities in Temperate America as Illustrated in the Chicago Region". University of Chicago Press. ...
The Brazilian Highlands or Brazilian Plateau (Portuguese: Planalto Brasileiro) are an extensive geographical region, covering ... Ancient basaltic lava flows gave birth to much of the region. However, the time of dramatic geophysical activity is long past, ... In addition to the plateau regions, several adjoining or enclosed mountain ranges are considered to be part of the Brazilian ... The Brazilian Highlands are recognized for the great diversity to be found there: within the region there are several different ...
"There's significant oil and gas development in this region as well, so we'll have to keep monitoring its location over the next ... How about this: The Ayles Ice Shelf at Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago is found have collapsed, setting a ... Scientists discover a 16-month-old collapse of the Ayles Ice Shelf at Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. The ... Let's avoid having too many similar stories from the same region (Presidential elections in Latin America) on ITN at the same ...
The mallard inhabits a wide range of habitats and climates, from Arctic tundra to subtropical regions.[58] It is found in both ... Mallards have often been ubiquitous in their regions among the ponds, rivers, and streams of human parks, farms, and other ... coexisting in human regions that the main conservation risk they pose comes from the loss of genetic diversity among a region's ... so much so that they are now considered an invasive species in some regions.[99] They are a common sight in urban parks, lakes ...
The formation of an Arctic ice cap around 3 million years ago is signaled by an abrupt shift in oxygen isotope ratios and ice- ... Archaeological evidence from the Dordogne region of France demonstrates that members of the European early Upper Paleolithic ... Scattered domes stretched across Siberia and the Arctic shelf. The northern seas were frozen. During the late Upper Paleolithic ... For the duration of the Paleolithic, human populations remained low, especially outside the equatorial region. The entire ...
In 2011 an outbreak of avian cholera killed thousands of eider ducks in Arctic regions of Canada. Scientists are studying the ... Avian Cholera in Waterfowl: The role of Lesser Snow Geese and Ross's Geese Carriers in the Playa Lakes Region. Journal of ... http://www.canada.com/technology/science/Cholera+killing+thousands+ducks+Arctic/4155813/story.html (Canada.com) ...
The completeness of fossils, and nature of damage, can thus be used to constrain the tectonic history of regions.[2] ... whose eggs and young were rarely seen by humans because it breeds in the remote Arctic.[33] ...
They typically look to its rear, the main region of updraft and inflow. Under that updraft is a rain-free base, and the next ... North America is a large continent that extends from the tropics north into arctic areas, and has no major east-west mountain ... As the mesocyclone lowers below the cloud base, it begins to take in cool, moist air from the downdraft region of the storm. ... For example, an increase in the sea surface temperature of a source region (e.g. Gulf of Mexico and Mediterranean Sea) ...
The warming of the arctic region caused the rapid decline of grasslands, which had a negative effect on the grazing megafauna ... such as significant portions of the Amazon region, are being converted to agriculture for meat production.[25][176][177][178][ ... Humans in the Arctic before the Last Glacial Maximum". Science. 303 (5654): 52-56. Bibcode:2004Sci...303...52P. doi:10.1126/ ... the introduction in various regions of non-native species, and the widespread transmission of infectious diseases spread ...
The traditional biogeographic regions were first modeled by Alfred Wallace in The Geographical Distribution of Animals (1876). ... Researchers from the Arctic Ocean Diversity (ARCOD) project have documented rising numbers of warm-water crustaceans in the ... A species range map represents the geographical region where individuals of a species can be found. This is a range map of ... This study shows that as the ocean temperatures rise species are beginning to travel into the cold and harsh Arctic waters. ...
Prior to contact with Europeans, the California region contained the highest Native American population density north of what ... In remote interior regions, some tribes did not meet non-natives until the mid-19th century.[16] ... The size of California tribes today are small compared to tribes in other regions of the United States. ...
"Predation of Belugas and Narwhals by Polar Bears in Nearshore Areas of the Canadian High Arctic". Arctic. 43 (2): 99-102. doi: ... Some whales, such as the humpback, reside in the polar regions where they feed on a reliable source of schooling fish and krill ... An estimated 13 million people went whale watching globally in 2008, in all oceans except the Arctic.[115] Rules and codes of ... The polar bear is well adapted for hunting Arctic whales and calves. Bears are known to use sit-and-wait tactics as well as ...
During the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene Series of the Cenozoic Era, 3.6 to 2.2 Ma (million years ago), the Arctic was ... Propagation of El Niño effect through planetary waves may have warmed the polar region and delayed the onset of the northern ... "The last time carbon dioxide concentrations were around 400ppm: a snapshot from Arctic Siberia". Skeptical Science. Retrieved ... The formation of an Arctic ice cap is signaled by an abrupt shift in oxygen isotope ratios and ice-rafted cobbles in the North ...
Arctic Hares, Arctic Hare Pictures, Arctic Hare Facts Archived 2011-09-25 at the Wayback Machine. Animals.nationalgeographic. ... "The Largest Known Bear, Arctotherium angustidens, from the Early Pleistocene Pampean Region of Argentina: With a Discussion of ... an occasional Arctic hare (L. arcticus) can also weigh as much as 7 kg (15 lb) but is typically smaller overall than the ...
... and in the region of soil that surrounds plant roots (the rhizosphere).[200][201] ... named for a hydrothermal vent called Loki's Castle in the Arctic Ocean, has been found to be most closely related to eukaryotes ...
"California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Region. Archived from the original on 2007-06-21.. ... Northern Annular Mode (NAM) or Arctic oscillation (AO)Edit. The NAM, or AO, is defined as the first EOF of northern hemisphere ... The NP Index is the area-weighted sea level pressure over the region 30N-65N, 160E-140W.[11] ... Although there are some subtle differences from the regional pattern over the Atlantic and Arctic, the main difference is ...
... after returning from the Arctic to witness the impact of climate change.[8] More recently, coalitions in Africa, China, Japan, ... Region served Australia, Canada, China, Europe,. India, Japan, United Kingdom,. United States of America[2]. ...
Warming at equilibrium would be 2-3 times as great over the polar regions as over the tropics; and probably greater over the ... arctic (page 30). *Sea level might rise 70 cm over a century from thermal expansion, and melting of alpine glaciers. There was ...
The Northeast, Great Lakes Region, West Coast and Hawaii are the main liberal strongholds. In the 21st century, rural areas of ... including oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.[133] In the 2008 election, the phrase, "Drill baby drill" was ... almost indellible cultural conservatism of the region...", University Alabama Press, 2013, ISBN 978-0817317935. ...
This region is composed of 15% Amazonian rainforest with high biodiversity, and 80% Cerrado forest with lower biodiversity. ... Arctic dipole anomaly. *Arctic haze. *Arctic methane emissions. *Climate change and agriculture ...
... only being fully absent as a nester as far as is known from the high Arctic regions and a section bordering westernmost ... taken as a region there is likely to be fewer than 30 breeding pairs in this region.[1][9] In the Middle East, the white-tailed ... North-Caucasian region. Natural Sciences. *^ a b Salo, P., Nordström, M., Thomson, R. L., & Korpimäki, E. (2008). Risk induced ... where Arctic hare can be important prey, and Greenland, where the Arctic fox are prey, large numbers of both are taken when ...
Several large fields are, however, not yet in production, especially massive resources in the Arctic region. ... This is the area where gas was first produced in western Canada, and it is still a major producing region. This continuously ... As deregulation put an end to vertically integrated gas delivery and marketing, consuming regions began crying for additional ...
C. t. germanus, Bogotá region (Colombia).. References[edit]. *^ a b Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E. ... Arctic fox (V. lagopus). *Kit fox (V. macrotis). *Pale fox (V. pallida) ... In some regions of their range, they are threatened with extirpation. Taxonomy and evolution[edit]. Cerdocyon thous, C. avius ...
Arctic methane emissions. *Drought. *Ocean acidification. *Ozone depletion. *Physical impacts. *Retreat of glaciers since 1850 ...
G. J. Vermeij (1991). "Anatomy of an invasion: the trans-Arctic interchange". Paleobiology. 17 (3): 281-307. JSTOR 2400870.. ... One reason that could account for keeping taxa separate through prezygotic isolation is that in this region M. edulis spawns ...
Tate, G.H.H. (1936). "Some muridae of the Indo-Australian region". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 72: 501- ... The only brown rat-free areas in the world are the continent of Antarctica, the Arctic,[64][11] some isolated islands,[65] the ... The Arctic has extremely cold winters that rats cannot survive outdoors, and the human population density is extremely low, ... which can only survive in the prairie region of the province, and even then must overwinter in buildings. Although it is a ...
This region has warm and sometimes hot summers with colder, longer winters, ample snowfall (even in regions not directly in the ... The climate of Ontario varies by season and location.[16] It is affected by three air sources: cold, dry, arctic air from the ... "Canada West - historical region, Canada". Encyclopedia Britannica.. *^ "About Ontario". Queen's Printer for Ontario. February ... York Region York Lions Stadium Transportation[edit]. Transportation routes in Ontario evolved from early waterway travel and ...
Arctic Iris' (or Dwarf Arctic Iris, because it grows into the Arctic Circle, and it formerly possessed the taxonomic name 'Iris ... Or in a bog garden (in temperate regions). The iris prefer to grow in moist or wet soils. They can also tolerate bog conditions ... "ARCTIC IRIS ARE ONE OF MY FAVORITE PERENNIAL PLANTS". doug-greens-perennials.com. Retrieved 10 November 2014. "DWARF ARCTIC ... It is a rhizomatous perennial from a wide range across the Arctic sea, including Alaska, Maine, Canada (including British ...
"Arctic Submarine Lab History". Csp.navy.mil. Archived from the original on 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2013-04-01.. ... It has an area of 0.3 km2 (0.12 mi2). Known to Eskimo natives of the Bering Strait region in prehistory, Fairway was documented ... "A Report on the Birds of Northwestern Alaska and Regions Adjacent to Bering Strait. Part Ii". The Condor. 27 (2): 62-67. doi ...
World news about the Arctic regions. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New ... World news about the Arctic regions. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New ... Warming in Arctic Raises Fears of a Rapid Unraveling of the Region The Arctic has been warmer in the last five years than at ... Warming in Arctic Raises Fears of a Rapid Unraveling of the Region The Arctic has been warmer in the last five years than at ...
The European Arctic Biogeographic Region is the biogeographic region of Europe around and in the Arctic Ocean. The European ... The region has a wide variety of landscapes, and includes some of the last remaining large wilderness areas in Europe. Many of ... The region includes Iceland and parts of Norway and Russia, including Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Franz Josef Land and Novaya ... There are many species of migrating birds and fish, common to all the polar regions. The environment is affected by air ...
In 2013, the development strategy of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and national security for the period up to.... ... In recent time, due to the sharp climatic changes, the Arctic attracts an increased interest of the world powers as a ... Comparing resident attitudes toward tourism: Community-based cases from Arctic Canada 1 Jan 2009. ... Lean construction as an effective organization model in Arctic 23 Jul 2017. ...
... will compete for influence in the Arctic and will counter attempts to make the Arctic the strategic preserve of any one or two ... The Arctic countries have a special responsibility - and a possibility - to preserve the Arctic as a region of peace and ... He rejected Chinas assertion that it is a "near-Arctic nation.". "There are only Arctic states and non-Arctic states," he said ... "The region has become an arena of global power and competition and the eight Arctic states must adapt to this new future," ...
Gazprom Chairman Alexey Miller underlined his companys commitment to the Russian Arctic region in his Christmas and New Year ... Gazprom Statement Confirms Commitment to Arctic Region Tuesday Dec 29, 2015 URL: https://www.rigzone.com/news/oil_gas/a/142269/ ... We have been efficiently developing the Prirazlomnoye field in the Arctic Shelf. In November, the amount of oil output reached ... Miller also noted his companys completion of the Gates of the Arctic offshore offloading terminal that will pave the way for ...
A fuel tank at a power station in the remote, industrial region ... Vladimir Putin approved a state of emergency in the Arctic city ... Putin backs state of emergency in Arctic region over fuel spill in river. ... A fuel tank at a power station in the remote, industrial region lost pressure on May 29 and leaked 20,000 tonnes of fuel and ... Norilsk, a remote city of 180,000 situated 300 km (190 miles) inside the Arctic Circle, is built around Norilsk Nickel, the ...
While modern camels are native to desert regions, new research suggests their prehistoric ancest... ... Camel Fossils Found In Arctic Suggest Ancient Creatures Roamed Region 3.5 Million Years Ago. ... Camel Fossils Found In Arctic Suggest Ancient Creatures Roamed Region 3.5 Million Years Ago ... Camel Fossils Found In Arctic Suggest Ancient Creatures Roamed Region 3.5 Million Years Ago ...
Synonyms for arctic-region at Thesaurus.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Dictionary and Word of the ...
Courses and News for the Arctic at the Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington. ... The third Korea Arctic Academy: What Arctic States can learn from a non-Arctic State. ... Arctic. *Home. *Regions*Arctic. Explore Regions. Explore Regions. n. Africa. Arctic. Canada. China. East Asia. Europe. Global. ...
... the European Arctic is more contaminated than the Canadian and U.S. Arctic. Recently, comparison of OC concentration ranges in ... Arctic Regions. Ecosystem*. Environmental Monitoring / methods, statistics & numerical data*. Environmental Pollutants / ... The lack of differences in OC concentrations in zooplankton and Arctic cod from the European and Canadian Arctic suggest that ... Arctic. Recently, comparison of OC concentration ranges in seabirds, arctic cod (Boregadus saida), and zooplankton, found no ...
Putin said that current estimates put the value of the Arctics mineral riches at $30 trillion (£21.1 trillion). ... See More photos on Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region, ... Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region. * Vladimir Putin pose for a photo as they inspect a cavity in a ... Vladimir Putin stakes claim to the oil rich Arctic region ... Putin said that current estimates put the value of the Arctics ...
... measures the changing climate of the polar region including warmer air and ocean temperatures and ... ... NOAAs annual report card on the Arctic, released today at the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in Washington, D.C., ... Declining Arctic sea ice: The 2018 Arctic Report Card found the Arctic region had the second-lowest overall sea-ice coverage on ... Arctic Report Card tracks regions environmental changes. December 12, 2018, NOAA Headquarters ...
... the Arctic. The Antarctic region in particular has been a more popular location for natural products discovery and has provided ... This article reviews groups of bioactive compounds that have been isolated and reported from the southern reaches of the Arctic ... Circle, surveys the known sponge diversity present in the Arctic waters, and details a recent sponge collection by our group in ... Advancement into the Arctic Region for Bioactive Sponge Secondary Metabolites. Samuel Abbas 1, Michelle Kelly 2, John Bowling 1 ...
Buy nautical charts online. Wholesale pricing available to qualified merchants, sailing schools, Academies, and other industry related customers.
... systems based perspective of the whole Arctic and near-Arctic region. • Work by IIASA in 2013, in collaboration with the Arctic ... Reducing black carbon deposition in the Arctic region. Arctic temperatures have risen at twice the global average rate over the ... most is fall-out from the eight Arctic Council nations and the near-Arctic regions north of latitude 40, which includes much of ... Emission Trends and Mitigation Options for Black Carbon in the Arctic Region" for the Arctic Councils ministerial. meeting in ...
This information can inform future assessment of the impact of environmental changes in these regions and management efforts. ... Despite sharing a significant number of species, diversity patterns differed between the study regions. The diversity patterns ... Despite sharing a significant number of species, diversity patterns differed between the study regions. The diversity patterns ... and biodiversity patterns in high-latitude marine regions is immediate as these marine environments are undergoing rapid ...
Murmansk region welcomes its first EV fast-charger during air pollution spike Thomas Nilsen, The Independent Barents Observer. ... Murmansk regions first EV fast-charger. Deputy General Director of Kola GMK, Maksim Ivanov, at the EV fast-charger now ... Mental Health Week - Can community programs in Arctic Canada make the difference? ... Copyright © 2020 Eye on the Arctic. All rights reserved.. Theme: ColorMag by ThemeGrill. Powered by WordPress. ...
The identified differentially methylated regions were distributed evenly across the 10.5-kb-promoter regions covered by the ... Promoter Regions (Genetics) - genetics Prospective Studies Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt Risk factors Abstract. The aim of ... Promoter Regions, Genetic - genetics Questionnaires Risk factors Sex Offenses Sweden - epidemiology Abstract. Recent findings ... Promoter Regions (Genetics) - genetics Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C - genetics Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt Risk factors Sex ...
This paper uses Arctic petroleum in the Barents region (Norway and Russia) to investigate local perceptions of CSR. We ... Local perceptions of corporate social responsibility for Arctic petroleum in the Barents region. Published: 20 Dec 2016 ... study is perhaps the first of its kind in its focus on local perceptions of CSR for Arctic petroleum across the Barents region ... The findings of this study not only match with that of the previous literature on Arctic petroleum but also provide further ...
PhD scholarship in Damage Tolerance of Sandwich Structures in Naval Vessels Operating in Arctic Regions. Technical University ...
... Dataset ... from various regions of the Arctic. PANGAEA - Publishing Network for Geoscientific and Environmental Data. Occurrence dataset ... Alaskan and Canadian Arctic signatures were intermediate. Between-subpopulation dietary differences predominated over ... particularly in a changing Arctic. Taxonomic Coverages. Geographic Coverages. ...
The four researchers from the University of Helsinki on board will be analysing the Arctic atmosphere and the processes that ... is about to embark on its icy journey across the Arctic. ... but in the Arctic region such processes are very poorly known. ... Specialists in atmospheric sciences are investigating particles in the Arctic region for causes of climate change in the north ... will be involved in a total of three large measurement projects focused on the Arctic region. The researchers will be measuring ...
Some key findings:The environmental system in the Arctic has reached a ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released its annual Arctic Report Card on Tuesday, and boy is it not great ... NOAA: The Arctic shows "no sign" of returning to a "reliably frozen region.". The National Oceanic and Atmospheric ... The polar region shows "no sign of returning to [the] reliably frozen region of recent past decades." ...
The atmosphere is heading to the low pressure in the Arctic region, it also flows southward to the equator up welling. You well ... The flat top of the curve is identifying the atmospheric transport into into the Arctic region. The Alert station is only ... Inconvenient: Studies find methane and carbon dioxide release is highest in the Arctic during the regions cold season. Anthony ... 95 thoughts on "Inconvenient: Studies find methane and carbon dioxide release is highest in the Arctic during the regions cold ...
"Arctic and Antarctic Exploration Including the Contributions of Physicians and Effects of Disease in the Polar Regions, ... Arctic and Antarctic Exploration Including the Contributions of Physicians and Effects of Disease in the Polar Regions. Arctic ... Arctic and Antarctic Exploration Including the Contributions of Physicians and Effects of Disease in the Polar Regions. Fodstad ... Arctic and Antarctic Exploration Including the Contributions of Physicians and Effects of Disease in the Polar Regions. U L T I ...
The International Congress on the History of the Arctic and Sub-Arctic Region. *Facebook Link. ... The International Congress on the History of the Arctic and Sub-Arctic Region,. Address byH.E. Mr. Halldór Ásgrímsson, Minister ... Many of you have travelled a long way to come to this conference, some from within the Arctic region, others from outside. I ... The perception that those who live in the Arctic region have something in common and therefore something to share, given the ...
The Lena Delta region of the Laptev Sea - a unique confluence for the study of changing Arctic dynamics Fofonova, V. ORCID: ... The Lena Delta region of the Laptev Sea - a unique confluence for the study of changing Arctic dynamics , The Future of ... We collected the data about temperature and salinity profiles, dissolved oxygen and pH for the Lena Delta region of the Laptev ... Despite growing interest into the region, the still insufficient amount of observational data as well as the lack of modeling ...
The website provides up-to-date information about the Arctic, analysis, interviews and multimedia content. ... Arctic.ru is a website on the Arctic areas of Russia and other circumpolar states. ... Rosatom, Murmansk Region authorities ink supplementary agreement on recycling hazardous waste. On May 12, the Rosatom State ... "This also suggests that the resources of the Murmansk Region, the corporation and the state will be used in the most efficient ...
Arctic region, Ice, Offshore structures, Vessels, Sprays, Seas, Water, Freezing, Temperature, Film thickness, Heat, Safety, ... Predicted Ice Accretion on Horizontal Surfaces of Marine Vessels and Offshore Structures in Arctic Regions Alireza Dehghani- ... "Predicted Ice Accretion on Horizontal Surfaces of Marine Vessels and Offshore Structures in Arctic Regions." Proceedings of the ... icing is one of the most significant problems for the operation of marine vessels and offshore structures in Arctic regions. ...
Arctic regions. Arctic regions are uniquely vulnerable ecosystems that have experienced warming trends that are more ... We focus principally on Canada and the United States, including the Arctic regions of North America, where the effects of ... The economic, social and environmental impact of disease emergence in Arctic regions will place a heavy burden on already ... and health consequences of climate change will probably be most severe in far northern regions (e.g., the Arctic). We provide ...
  • This visualization with corresponding data dashboard shows the relationship between vegetation index anomalies and outbreaks of Rift Valley fever (RVF) during 2008 and 2011 in the South Africa region. (nasa.gov)
  • The sequence starts in 2007 looking at the entire continent of Africa and zooms in the region of South Africa to take a closer look at the patterns between ENSO events (El Niño and La Niña), above normal vegetaion over land (green) and RVF outbreak locations (orange pins). (nasa.gov)
  • The visualization featured on this page showcases the relationship between El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) induced anomalous vegetation and Rift Valley fever outbreaks in the region of South Africa. (nasa.gov)
  • Meltwater on top of Arctic sea ice in July 2016. (yale.edu)
  • Moscow is moving to claim Arctic territory as barriers between Russia and North America melt. (nytimes.com)
  • The region includes Iceland and parts of Norway and Russia, including Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya. (wikipedia.org)
  • ROVANIEMI, Finland -- The Trump administration warned China and Russia on Monday that the U.S. won't stand for aggressive moves in the Arctic region, which is rapidly opening up to development and commerce as temperatures warm and sea ice melts. (go.com)
  • He said the rule of law must prevail for the Arctic to remain peaceful, and he criticized China and Russia for what he said were coercive practices that would destabilize the "high North" if allowed. (go.com)
  • Pompeo took particular aim at China, which, unlike Russia, does not have any territory or claim in the Arctic but holds observer status in the council. (go.com)
  • The White Paper showed that while some black carbon is produced in the Arctic itself, for example, by shipping, most is fall-out from the eight Arctic Council nations and the near-Arctic regions north of latitude 40, which includes much of the EU, Russia, Ukraine, China (north of Beijing), Canada, and part of the USA. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • This paper uses Arctic petroleum in the Barents region (Norway and Russia) to investigate local perceptions of CSR. (nupi.no)
  • However, farming has been of considerable importance through the centuries in regions like Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Northern Fennoscandia and Northern Russia. (government.is)
  • The maximum warming is pretty much focused in the region that we call the Barents and Kara Seas, which is the part of the Arctic that's just north of, say, Scandinavia and western Russia. (yale.edu)
  • The other area that's been warming really quickly is over on the Pacific side of the Arctic, toward Alaska and far eastern Russia, a region called the Chukchi Sea and the Beaufort Sea. (yale.edu)
  • In recent years, a plethora of deadly and debilitating diseases have struck reindeer in Scandinavia and Russia, muskoxen on Banks and Victoria islands in Arctic Canada, polar bears and seals off the coast of Alaska, and eider ducks in northern Hudson Bay and the Bering Sea. (yale.edu)
  • Sept 17 (Interfax) - Russia will stand up for its interests in the Arctic, Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev said. (blogspot.com)
  • Russia has long held a strong influence on South Ossetia, a mountainous region in northeastern Georgia, and stepped up its control after fighting a five-day war with Tbilisi in 2008. (rferl.org)
  • After the brief 2008 war, Russia recognized South Ossetia and another separatist region, Abkhazia, as independent countries. (rferl.org)
  • Each Arctic state above the Arctic Circle (Russia, Canada, USA, Norway, Denmark (Greenland)) responds to and manages its Arctic areas through its own national governance system. (springer.com)
  • Russia is not looking to carve up the circumpolar North and the region is not in the midst of an arms race. (scoop.it)
  • The Barents Regional Council (BRC) consists of 13 member counties/regions/indigenous peoples in Finland , Norway , Russia and Sweden . (wikipedia.org)
  • While modern camels are native to desert regions, new research suggests their prehistoric ancestors thrived as far north as Canada's High Arctic, where the fossils of oversized, camel-like creatures were uncovered recently . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The study, " Mid-Pliocene Warm-Period Deposits in the High Arctic Yield Insight into Camel Evolution ," was published online in Nature Communications on March 5. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Illustration of the High Arctic camel on Ellesmere Island during the Pliocene warm period, about 3.5 million years ago. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Susan Kutz - a University of Calgary veterinary parasitologist who identified a novel form of the parasitic nematode worm , the lungworm, in muskoxen in the High Arctic - is one of a small number of veterinarians and biologists trying to decipher the causes and impacts of changing disease outbreaks in the Arctic. (yale.edu)
  • Navigating the icy channels of the High Arctic, follow in the footsteps of legendary explorers who braved the unknown to seek the fabled sea route to Asia. (quarkexpeditions.com)
  • Steeped in polar history, the Russian High Arctic offers the rare opportunity to travel to remote archipelagos, including Severnaya Zemlya. (quarkexpeditions.com)
  • One-third of Finland sits above the Arctic Circle. (go.com)
  • Norilsk, a remote city of 180,000 situated 300 km (190 miles) inside the Arctic Circle, is built around Norilsk Nickel, the world's leading nickel and palladium producer. (yahoo.com)
  • This article reviews groups of bioactive compounds that have been isolated and reported from the southern reaches of the Arctic Circle, surveys the known sponge diversity present in the Arctic waters, and details a recent sponge collection by our group in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. (mdpi.com)
  • This article discusses bioactive molecules that have been discovered in the southern reaches of the Arctic Circle and the particular significance of a recent sponge collection conducted in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. (mdpi.com)
  • We adapted the Ocean Health Index (OHI) to compile pan-Arctic data and evaluate ocean health for nine regions above the Arctic Circle to assess the extent to which pan-Arctic assessment is possible and identify broad social-ecological trends. (springer.com)
  • Exactly when the Inuit (Eskimos) took up residence in the Arctic is not known, although both they and the Vikings arrived in Greenland about a thousand years ago, which means they did not completely circle the Arctic until historical times. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Iceland is an Arctic State where the Arctic Circle passes through its northernmost community, Grimsey Island, 40 kilometers off the north coast of Iceland. (arctic-council.org)
  • Andrei Gusev, senior researcher from the Centre for Arctic Studies, said: 'Archaeological studies of the area around Lake Parisento and the Yuribei River, located beyond the Arctic Circle, have resulted in surprise finds such as a bronze Iranian cup dated to the Middle Ages. (ancient-origins.net)
  • North of the Arctic Circle (at 66.5 N latitude) you will find the Arctic Ocean surrounded by the northernmost parts of the continents of Europe, Asia, and North America. (windows2universe.org)
  • Now in its 13th year, the 2018 Arctic Report Card is a peer-reviewed report that provides an annual status update on the region and compares these observations to the long-term record. (phys.org)
  • Highlights from the 2018 Arctic Report Card. (phys.org)
  • Declining Arctic sea ice: The 2018 Arctic Report Card found the Arctic region had the second-lowest overall sea-ice coverage on record. (phys.org)
  • The map shows the age of sea ice in the Arctic ice pack in March 1985 (left) and March 2018 (right). (phys.org)
  • Different types of air-borne and ground-based remote sensing observations (from Lidar and sun-photometer) revealed a high tropospheric aerosol transport episode over two parts of the European Arctic in April 2018. (mdpi.com)
  • Critics were likely to seize on the speech for being short on scientific specifics, not using the phrase "climate change," offering no ideas on mitigating its effects and focusing almost entirely on how to responsibly tap the Arctic in an era of fierce global rivalries. (go.com)
  • In models describing climate change, atmospheric molecules and particles in fact have an important role, but in the Arctic region such processes are very poorly known. (helsinki.fi)
  • Changes in weather patterns and ecosystems, and health consequences of climate change will probably be most severe in far northern regions (e.g., the Arctic). (cmaj.ca)
  • Arctic ice grew by a third in 2013 despite the continued rise of global temperatures driven by climate change, researchers report. (flipboard.com)
  • Fresh concerns over accelerated climate change arose after researchers found that the amount of ice present in the Arctic region has shrunk to the smallest amount ever recorded. (medindia.net)
  • Canada's primary priorities related to the Arctic include addressing socio-economic and cultural development, environmental protection and climate change, and strengthening relations with Indigenous peoples. (arctic-council.org)
  • Improving accessibility to the region, ensuring sustainable development of its fisheries, enlarging and diversifying its economic base, and meeting the challenges of climate change are key issues. (oecd.org)
  • NORA territories (and the Arctic regions in particular) are expected to see their climate change more and earlier than most other parts of the world. (oecd.org)
  • The European Commission and the Council of Europe have defined the European Arctic biogeographical region for the purpose of reporting on conservation efforts and results. (wikipedia.org)
  • China's special representative for Arctic affairs, Gao Feng, who is at the council meeting, dismissed Pompeo's warnings and said countries should be free do deal with China as they wish. (go.com)
  • In 2009 the intergovernmental Arctic Council asked IIASA to investigate the effects of SLCFs in the Arctic using its Greenhouse gas - Air pollution Interactions and Synergies (GAINS) model. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Subsequently the Arctic Council established a Task Force to examine more deeply the role and mitigation potential of SLCFs in the Arctic. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Work by IIASA in 2013, in collaboration with the Arctic Council and the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program collected new data on seasonal patterns and temporal variations of black carbon deposition, focusing on Finland. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • And we are saying that 20,000 kilometers of the state border runs in this region," Patrushev told journalists after a Security Council meeting. (blogspot.com)
  • The Saskatchewan and Manitoba Regional Councils merged in January 2012 to become the Prairie Arctic Regional Council of Carpenters, Drywallers, Millwrights, and Allied Workers. (myparc.ca)
  • The Prairie Arctic Council Nunavut and Northwest Territories Initiative began with the reps attending a convention of the Greater Northwest Territorial Federation of Labour, to introduce them and to promote the development of a Safer Schools and Communities program to be sponsored by organized labour in the territories. (myparc.ca)
  • Yet, while there is some international cooperation through bodies such as the Arctic Council, there have been few legally binding commitments across nations to collectively and systematically manage the challenges facing the Arctic marine areas. (springer.com)
  • A review by Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment ( 2013 ), an Arctic Council working group, found that there was a need for further coordination across institutions (e.g. monitoring conducted on a polar-wide basis using consistent methods, with central data storage) and further cooperation and knowledge-sharing between Arctic countries and institutions. (springer.com)
  • In January 2008 there was established an International Barents Secretariat which is to provide technical support for the multilateral coordinated activities within the framework of the Barents Euro-Arctic Council and the Barents Regional Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fifth principle acknowledges the political capital that the Barents Regional Council has and for this reason it is desirable that council uses this resource to better advocate the Barents region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Iceland is currently the chair of the Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • The report was an effort to strengthen the cultural, social and economic dimensions of the work of the Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • Sweden also works to ensure that the Arctic remains a region where security policy tensions are low, and for these objectives sees a need of a strengthened Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • Sweden was chair of the Arctic Council 2011 to 2013. (arctic-council.org)
  • Sweden highlights the human dimension and the gender perspective in the Arctic Council. (arctic-council.org)
  • Canadian Arctic Indigenous peoples are represented in the Arctic Council through three Permanent Participants organizations: Arctic Athabaskan Council, Inuit Circumpolar Council and Gwich'in Council International. (arctic-council.org)
  • Canada held the first Chair of the Arctic Council from 1996 to 1998, and again from 2013-2015. (arctic-council.org)
  • The Arctic Council was established in Canada in 1996 with the signing of the Ottawa Declaration. (arctic-council.org)
  • The Nordic Atlantic Cooperation - the NORA organisation operating under the aegis of the Nordic Council of Ministers - supports co-operation and knowledge exchange in the NORA region. (oecd.org)
  • The European Arctic Biogeographic Region is the biogeographic region of Europe around and in the Arctic Ocean. (wikipedia.org)
  • Statistical analysis of organochlorine contaminants (OCs) in marine mammals has shown that, for most OCs, the European Arctic is more contaminated than the Canadian and U.S. Arctic. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Reduced regional differences were not observed in marine mammals or seabirds because they are long-lived and also acquire contaminants from maternal transfer and hence reflect levels from the past when the European Arctic was more contaminated than the Canadian Arctic. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Other multi-year essays focused on the expansion northward of toxic harmful algae and significant concentrations of microplastic pollution that are transported by ocean currents into the Arctic Ocean from other parts of the global ocean. (phys.org)
  • Almost five years of research by IIASA scientists into Arctic air pollution led to the formation in 2014 of the before Arctic Futures Initiative (AFI) which will take a holistic, systems based perspective of the whole Arctic and near-Arctic region. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • The research showed that the contribution of residential emissions to black carbon pollution in the Arctic was greater than previously estimated and that its main source was wood burning. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • With many transboundary issues, such as shifting ranges of fisheries, biodiversity loss, sea ice retreat, economic development and pollution, greater pan-Arctic assessment and co-management are necessary. (springer.com)
  • The Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act (1970, R.S.C. 1985) (the Act) is a Government of Canada statute to prevent pollution of areas of the arctic waters adjacent to the mainland and islands of the Canadian arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • To address these inconsistencies, marine food web OC data from the European (central Barents Sea (CBS)) and Canadian Arctic (Northwater Polynya (NOW)) were simultaneously statistically analyzed. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The lack of differences in OC concentrations in zooplankton and Arctic cod from the European and Canadian Arctic suggest that regional differences in OC contamination in the Arctic have evened out. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Alaskan and Canadian Arctic signatures were intermediate. (gbif.org)
  • Navigate the same waters and visit the same sites as early explorer Sir John Franklin on this epic expedition cruise of the Northwest Passage that connects the Canadian Arctic and Greenland. (wildernesstravel.com)
  • With the Arctic warming rapidly, ice loss in Greenland is accelerating and may soon be a major factor in rising sea levels, according to a new study. (nytimes.com)
  • This information can be used to inform decisions by local, state and federal leaders as Arctic residents confront the challenges and opportunities posed by a rapidly changing climate and ecosystem. (phys.org)
  • Atmospheric scientist Jennifer Francis has for five years propounded a widely discussed theory about the rapidly warming Arctic and global weather: Rising temperatures in the Arctic, closely intertwined with the loss of sea ice, are changing the shape of the jet stream and altering the weather of the Northern Hemisphere. (yale.edu)
  • In Ontario, populations of urban areas have grown rapidly due to the concentration of immigrants in the larger cities - cities that have expanded geographically at the expense of prime agricultural land in those regions. (smore.com)
  • Marine social-ecological conditions in the Arctic are rapidly changing. (springer.com)
  • Arctic permafrost landscapes change rapidly under the influence of natural and anthropogenic disturbances. (awi.de)
  • They have found that sea ice in the Arctic Ocean is melting more rapidly than previously thought, so quickly in fact that by the year 2040 there may not be any sea ice in the Arctic during summer months. (windows2universe.org)
  • We will put our variables together and investigate how they influence one another, and how they might shift with a rapidly changing Arctic climate. (google.com)
  • The chairmanships 2015 - 2017 are in the Kainuu region, Finland. (wikipedia.org)
  • Troms Kainuu region in Finland between the years of 2015-2017. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, NOAA Polar-orbiting satellites fly over the Arctic 28 times daily, collecting data vital to improve weather forecasts, help fisheries increase catch, and support safe, efficient navigation in challenging waters. (phys.org)
  • Additionally, as Arctic waters become increasingly ice-free, and commerce and other interests grow, NOAA is working to update nautical charts and calculate tide and current predictions. (phys.org)
  • Most research in the area has focused on sponges from tropical and temperate waters, but more recently the focus has shifted to the less accessible colder waters of the Antarctic and, to a lesser extent, the Arctic. (mdpi.com)
  • The Swedish Maritime Administration's ice-breaking resources are well suited to Arctic and sub-Arctic waters at times when the vessels are not needed in regular activities. (arctic-council.org)
  • AMAP is developing a monitoring plan for microplastics and litter in Arctic waters. (arctic-council.org)
  • The Swedish Polar Research Secretariat gives Sweden plenty of scope to perform marine research expeditions in both the Arctic and Antarctic Oceans with the ice-breaker Oden. (arctic-council.org)
  • The Arctic has been warmer in the last five years than at any time since records began in 1900, a report from a United States scientific agency found. (nytimes.com)
  • NOAA's annual report card on the Arctic, released today at the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in Washington, D.C., measures the changing climate of the polar region including warmer air and ocean temperatures and declines in sea-ice that are driving shifts in animal habitats. (phys.org)
  • ENSO is an irregularly recurring climate pattern characterized by warmer (El Niño) and colder (La Niña) than usual ocean temperatures in the equatorial Pacific, which creates a ripple effect of anticipated weather changes in far-spread regions of our planet. (nasa.gov)
  • A brief surge of warmer air could change the snow to a wintry mix Saturday before a new arctic blast sends temperatures crashing, changing the precipitation back to snow. (wgntv.com)
  • Encompassing national parks, indigenous territories, productive fisheries, World Heritage sites, migratory corridors, peatlands, and rangelands, the world's largest roadless natural habitats and more, our six priority regions here are not only vital to the Americas' biodiversity but to its people and economies as well. (wcs.org)
  • Iceland is the only Arctic State that does not have an Indigenous population. (arctic-council.org)
  • In the Arctic region Sweden strives to ensure that indigenous peoples have greater scope for preserving and developing their identity, culture and traditional industries and facilitate their traditional knowledge gathering and transfer. (arctic-council.org)
  • Canada's Arctic is home to approximately 150,000 inhabitants, of which more than half are Indigenous. (arctic-council.org)
  • Arctic tundra is experiencing "record permafrost warming. (newrepublic.com)
  • found that far more methane is escaping from Arctic tundra during the cold months-when the soil surface is frozen (generally from September through May)-as well as from upland tundra, than prevailing assumptions and climate modelers previously believed. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • At the same time, on land, grizzly bears, white-tailed deer, coyotes, and other animals and birds have been expanding their range into the warming boreal forest and Arctic tundra. (yale.edu)
  • Both are clearly impacted by these findings, as melting ice produces new naval pathways through the region and thawing permafrost worsens one of the world's biggest economic threats . (newrepublic.com)
  • One of the world's leading ice experts has predicted the final collapse of Arctic sea ice in summer months within four years. (medindia.net)
  • What amounts of insolation, surface temperature, cloud fraction, precipitation and aerosols characterize the world's most vegetated regions for a particular month? (google.com)
  • This research examines attitudes toward local tourism development held by a sample of stakeholders and residents in three Arctic Canadian communities: Churchill, Northern Manitoba, Cambridge Bay and Pond Inlet, both in Nunavut. (apo.org.au)
  • We are currently working in Arviat to establish another center in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut and have also begun talking to communities, government and industry in the Northwest Territories. (myparc.ca)
  • is an administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • As is the case for the rest of Nunavut, there is no road access to the region and all places are fly-in. (wikipedia.org)
  • The region is home to the only two communities in Nunavut that voted "no" in the 1982 division plebiscite: Cambridge Bay and Kugluktuk. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was the ony electoral district in Nunavut to cross two regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bobby Lyall, along with his brother Kitikmeot Corporation president, Charlie Lyall and delegates Martina and Connie Kapolak, argued that the Government of Nunavut had spent most of the infrastructure money available from the federal government in the Baffin Region (Qikiqtaaluk Region). (wikipedia.org)
  • ᐃᒃᐱᐊᕐᔪᒃ, Ikpiarjuk "the pocket") is an Inuit hamlet located in the northern part of the Borden Peninsula on Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut , Canada . (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] Arctic Bay is notable for being the birthplace of the former Premier of Nunavut Eva Aariak . (wikipedia.org)
  • Nearly 40 percent of Canada's land mass is considered Arctic and Northern, consisting of the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon, and the northern parts of several provinces. (arctic-council.org)
  • Its key message was that simultaneously and immediately reducing black carbon and methane emissions can help slow the pace of Arctic warming over the next few decades. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • Scientists attribute the declines to Arctic warming, which is increasing the frequency of drought, affecting the quality of forage. (phys.org)
  • Based on the photos taken, scientists concluded that the whale was a humpback, the first ever seen in that part of Hudson Bay, and one of a handful that have recently been spotted in the North American Arctic. (yale.edu)
  • One possibility, she and other scientists say, is that climate warming and ecosystem changes are causing some bacteria, such as those that cause avian cholera, to mutate, or may be making Arctic animals more susceptible to pathogens that previously did them no serious harm. (yale.edu)
  • From 1881 to 1884, the United States funded a scientific mission to the edge of the Arctic to collect meteorological data and to explore Greenland, which helped scientists better understand the flow of the northern ice and the patterns of Arctic weather. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This study is perhaps the first of its kind in its focus on local perceptions of CSR for Arctic petroleum across the Barents region. (nupi.no)
  • First principle is that the well-being of the regions inhabitants should be the basis for all the actions that are carried through the Barents regional cooperation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zapolyarny is about halfway between Kirkenes (Arctic Norway) and Murmansk. (rcinet.ca)
  • One concrete sign of the increased communication within the region is the establishment in 2006 of an IKEA store in Haparanda, targeting customers 500 km away in Murmansk and northern Norway. (wikipedia.org)
  • The North Atlantic (NORA) region is a transnational area comprising the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Iceland, and the coastal counties of Norway. (oecd.org)
  • In Zapolyarny, Deputy General Director of Kola GMK Maksim Ivanov was happy to announce the opening of the first fast-charger for electric vehicles in the Murmansk region. (rcinet.ca)
  • On May 12, the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the Government of the Murmansk Region signed a supplementary agreement on storing, recycling and decontaminating hazardous waste that has been accumulating in this and other Polar regions, Interfax reports. (arctic.ru)
  • This also suggests that the resources of the Murmansk Region, the corporation and the state will be used in the most efficient manner," he noted. (arctic.ru)
  • Arctic, Circumpolar stories curated by @Northern_Clips [Full story? (scoop.it)
  • The report represents the first comprehensive attempt to document and compare systematically the welfare of Arctic residents on a circumpolar basis. (arctic-council.org)
  • The decision to delay seismic testing in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska signals at least a temporary victory for groups that oppose oil exploration there. (nytimes.com)
  • The Trump administration is reversing a longstanding ban on oil exploration on the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. (nytimes.com)
  • Girvin, John P. 1999-05-01 00:00:00 AbstractA HISTORY OF Arctic and Antarctic exploration, whether to find a northwest passage, north pole, or south pole, is a story of triumph and tribulation. (deepdyve.com)
  • I think it is appropriate to mention the name of Vilhjálmur Stefansson as a leader in Arctic exploration. (government.is)
  • En route to Antarctica, take the opportunity to encounter iconic wildlife and immerse yourself in early Antarctic exploration on these sub-Antarctic islands of the South Atlantic Ocean. (quarkexpeditions.com)
  • Additionally, she and fellow SDSU ecologist Walt Oechel , along with colleagues at several other institutions, published another study last year showing that the emission of methane, another greenhouse gas, is highest in the Arctic during the region's cold season . (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • IIASA coauthored a draft White Paper "Current Policies, Emission Trends and Mitigation Options for Black Carbon in the Arctic Region" for the Arctic Council's ministerial meeting in 2009. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • 2011 ). There is a need to establish a baseline of the biophysical and socio-economic dimensions of ocean ecosystems across the Arctic, which can then be used to assess the consequences of future change (IOC/UNESCO 2010 ). (springer.com)
  • Former districts include Akulliq, which covered Kugaaruk and Naujaat in the Kivalliq Region. (wikipedia.org)
  • An accurate projection of climate dynamics in the Southern Ocean, therefore, requires a sound assessment of aerosol precursor emissions from the sea ice region ecosystem. (nature.com)
  • The steady march of global warming over the past century has led to the thawing of permafrost-a layer of subsurface soil in the Arctic that usually remains frozen year-round. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • The Arctic has warmed much faster than the rest of the planet in recent decades, and as the permafrost has melted, old lakes have grown and new ones have formed. (midtownhotelhue.com)
  • I am also overseeing the establishment of the new Arctic Permafrost Geospatial Center (APGC) that is planned as a focus point for distribution of permafrost-related geospatial data. (awi.de)
  • Arctic landscapes underlain by permafrost are threatened by climate warming and may degrade by gradual active layer deepening or rapid thaw. (awi.de)
  • My research focusses on quantitative and qualitative assessments of permafrost deposit organic carbon pools in thermokarst and Yedoma environments of the circum-arctic permafrost region. (awi.de)
  • Thermo-erosional valleys are widely distributed in ice-rich permafrost deposits of arctic lowlands, but have not been systematically investigated over larger regions. (awi.de)
  • So my task in the ERC PETA-CARB project is the development of a geodata infrastructure containing standardized geodata for efficient internal use and external dissemination through WebGIS applications and the digital library PANGAEA as part of the implementation of the Arctic Permafrost Geospatial Centers (APGC). (awi.de)
  • In my PhD Project (University Potsdam) I am using Remote Sensing for the analysis of landscape dynamics in Arctic permafrost regions. (awi.de)
  • Weather changes associated with the ENSO phenomenon result in climate anomalies related to each other, such as rainfall, and vegetation anomaly conditions that trigger outbreaks of infectious diseases of public health concern in different regions around the world. (nasa.gov)
  • But this year's freakishly warm Arctic weather is lending credence to her hypothesis that a lessening of the temperature difference between the Arctic and the mid-latitudes is causing the jet stream to wobble, allowing warm air to flood into the north polar regions and sending frigid air southward into parts of Asia. (yale.edu)
  • There are many species of migrating birds and fish, common to all the polar regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The need to understand species distribution- and biodiversity patterns in high-latitude marine regions is immediate as these marine environments are undergoing rapid environmental changes, including ocean warming and ocean acidification. (frontiersin.org)
  • Despite sharing a significant number of species, diversity patterns differed between the study regions. (frontiersin.org)
  • Rapid warming and vanishing sea ice in the Arctic has enabled new species, from humpback whales to white-tailed deer, to spread northward. (yale.edu)
  • Other whale species - including minke, bottlenose, fin, and sperm whales - are also making their way north as the Arctic heats up. (yale.edu)
  • But emerging evidence suggests that some of these newly arriving species may be bringing rare or novel pathogens to the Arctic. (yale.edu)
  • As their habitats change, Arctic wildlife species face new challenges. (weforum.org)
  • Porifera of cold water environments, including the deep sea and northern polar regions in particular, are marginally known in terms of their faunas, and as such are a relatively untapped resource for scientific discovery. (mdpi.com)
  • Among the research conducted in polar environments, the majority of compounds isolated and characterized have come from the Antarctic region [ 1 , 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Arctic environments are very seasonal, with massive differences between the dark snow- and ice-covered polar nights and the short summer season when plants do most of their growing. (weforum.org)
  • Arctic marine environments are experiencing, or expected to experience, many human-induced and natural pressures. (arctic-council.org)
  • Although Canada's Arctic region is vast, less than one percent of Canada's population lives there. (arctic-council.org)
  • Do we want the Arctic Ocean to transform into a new South China Sea, fraught with militarization and competing territorial claims? (go.com)
  • During the summer, if you have less ice, then the Arctic Ocean absorbs a lot more of the sun's energy. (yale.edu)
  • Most notably, as sea ice melts, ice-avoiding killer whales have been moving deeper into the Arctic Ocean, hunting and killing both narwhal and beluga whales. (yale.edu)
  • The proposed research will document the circulation, variability, and driving mechanisms of the upper ocean in the "freshwater switchyard of the Arctic Ocean. (columbia.edu)
  • Antarctic sea ice covers between 1% (summer) and 5% (winter) of the global ocean, and influences an even larger area, the sea ice region. (nature.com)
  • There are two oceans in Earth s polar regions: the Arctic Ocean , which occupies most of the north polar region , and the Southern Ocean , which surrounds the continent of Antarctica in the south polar region . (windows2universe.org)
  • Oceans in the polar regions are a bit different from the other oceans on Earth (the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Ocean). (windows2universe.org)
  • Both the Arctic Ocean and the Southern Ocean are homes to unique marine ecosystems that thrive in the cold conditions. (windows2universe.org)
  • A multi-million-dollar renovation means that the 128 guests aboard Ocean Adventurer travel to the most remote regions of the world in the utmost comfort. (quarkexpeditions.com)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{Arctic regions. (who.int)
  • Follow the latest news of military from the Puget Sound region, and their families, posted in Washington and around the world. (seattlepi.com)
  • In this role, she produced in-depth audio portraits and documentary series about life and culture in the Puget Sound Region. (kuow.org)
  • In September, 2013, Marcie was part of the team that created The Record , a daily news magazine focused on the issues and culture of the Puget Sound region. (kuow.org)
  • Population density and population growth rates are variable across the country and the regions of high population density are often not the regions that have abundant supplies of critical resources such as water. (smore.com)
  • Last, the regions with the highest population growth rates and lowest population densities - northern communities with large Aboriginal populations - often suffer from a shortfall of access to basic human needs such as clean water and adequate housing. (smore.com)
  • Arctic caribou and wild reindeer populations dropped sharply from 4.7 million to 2.1 million grazing animals in two decades, with the largest declines in Alaska and Canada. (phys.org)
  • Five of six potentially water-deficient areas in the country are located in the more arid regions of Canada that, ironically perhaps, are dominated by agricultural land uses that rely on water. (smore.com)
  • Inuit in Canada live in 53 communities across Inuit Nunangat - the northern regions of Canada. (arctic-council.org)
  • Mental Health Week - Can community programs in Arctic Canada make the difference? (rcinet.ca)
  • The current heatwave in the Arctic, with temperatures reaching 38℃ in some parts of northern Siberia, is symptomatic of a region experiencing more than twice the global average rate of warming. (weforum.org)
  • Pompeo also warned that Russia's intentions in the Arctic, where it has embarked on a massive military expansion campaign, may prove destabilizing given its record. (go.com)
  • That often seems to have a big impact on weather patterns in the region and well downstream into Asia. (yale.edu)
  • A new study shows how shifting patterns of humidity may bring about changes in the Arctic atmosphere. (medindia.net)
  • What interesting patterns did you observe for your focus region? (google.com)
  • In recent time, due to the sharp climatic changes, the Arctic attracts an increased interest of the world powers as a strategically important object. (apo.org.au)
  • Climatic conditions have thus always limited possibilities for farming in the Arctic region. (government.is)
  • Agriculture as such however has always been very limited throughout the Arctic region given the climatic conditions. (government.is)
  • Climatic conditions have also accounted for the fact that the Arctic region has through the centuries been sparsely populated and will probably remain so in stark contrast to most other parts of the world. (government.is)
  • U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a speech in Finland that the U.S. will compete for influence in the Arctic and counter attempts to make it the strategic preserve of any one or two nations. (go.com)
  • Trying to plan a trip to Gulf of Finland (region) without blowing your entire budget on the hotel room? (hotels.com)
  • We have 9 cheap Gulf of Finland (region) hotels for you to choose from, with prices starting at just $62/night ! (hotels.com)
  • With budget hotels in Gulf of Finland (region) averaging just $177/night , don't let room prices keep you from experiencing all that Gulf of Finland (region) has to offer. (hotels.com)
  • We've tried to make booking an affordable Gulf of Finland (region) hotel simple. (hotels.com)
  • Best place to start is by having a look through the top 10 cheap hotels trending right now in Gulf of Finland (region) in the box to the right. (hotels.com)
  • Hotels.com gives you detailed maps of the Gulf of Finland (region) area and each landmark and transportation option to allow you to book the cheapest hotel in Gulf of Finland (region) nearest the attractions you actually care about. (hotels.com)
  • This is the closest to the North Pole such remains have ever been found and is the first evidence that these large, prehistoric camels roamed the Arctic region 3.5 million years ago . (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The air quality was bad in Norway's north-easternmost region on August 28th and 29th. (rcinet.ca)
  • 1 , 2 The panel's fourth assessment report includes projections for regions including North America. (cmaj.ca)
  • However, climate changes projected to occur in the coming decades are likely to influence the burden and incidence of infectious diseases in more developed regions including North America. (cmaj.ca)
  • We must define the borders in the north of our country, where the Arctic lies. (blogspot.com)
  • Our study displayed that even in neighboring Arctic upper tropospheric levels, aged aerosol was transformed due to the interplay of removal processes (nucleation scavenging and dry deposition) and alteration of the aerosol source regions (northeast Asia and north Europe). (mdpi.com)
  • Willow ptarmigan, snowshoe hare, moose and north American beaver have all either been observed increasingly far into the Arctic, or are predicted to expand in that direction. (weforum.org)
  • The first explorers of the North Polar region, the Arctic, probably crossed from northeastern Asia to northwestern North America more than 100,000 years ago, exploring the north as well as lands to the south. (encyclopedia.com)
  • others, most of whom had never been to the Arctic, held that there was a wall of ice along the northern Atlantic, north of which was an open sea. (encyclopedia.com)
  • North Karelia region has an observer status. (wikipedia.org)
  • and Arctic and North-Atlantic products. (oecd.org)
  • The Inuktitut name for Arctic Bay is Ikpiarjuk which means "the pocket" in English. (wikipedia.org)
  • IIASA is applying the GAINS model to project the effect of current and forthcoming air quality policies and legislation on particulate matter emissions on warming in the Arctic. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • In 2012 IIASA included a new GAINS emissions set in the new global scenarios which identifies all key aerosol and methane emission sources and mitigation opportunities in the Arctic. (iiasa.ac.at)
  • The concept Whales -- Arctic regions represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Oshkosh Public Library . (oshkoshpubliclibrary.org)
  • With most research in the area of bioactive sponge metabolites being conducted in temperate and tropical areas and the strong emergence of a myriad of disease resistance, it is becoming increasingly important to survey the fauna of remote regions of the globe for new and replacement drug therapies or compounds with other useful bioactivities. (mdpi.com)
  • Under Iceland's lead, the Arctic Human Development Report (AHDR) was approved by Ministers at the Inari-meeting in 2002 as a priority project, forming an integral part of its Chairmanship program. (arctic-council.org)
  • In order to make better use of financial and other resources allocated to Arctic research, the Icelandic Chairmanship emphasized the strengthened relationship and cooperation among parties involved in Arctic research. (arctic-council.org)
  • NOAA, alongside many partners, is monitoring Arctic conditions, pioneering innovative technologies, and creatively collecting data and other scientific information. (phys.org)
  • A general increase in and standardisation of monitoring is urgently needed in the Arctic. (springer.com)
  • Unified assessments, such as this one, can support national comparisons, data quality assessments, and discussions on the targeting of limited monitoring capabilities at the most pressing and urgent transboundary management challenges, which is a priority for achieving successful Arctic stewardship. (springer.com)
  • The current disconnect in monitoring and policy at the pan-Arctic scale "limits the ability to efficiently make effective management decisions" (CAFF 2014 ). (springer.com)
  • Swedish ice-breakers are able to support increasing commercial shipping in the Arctic as well as help with both the monitoring of the vulnerable marine environment and Arctic research. (arctic-council.org)
  • It is however only during this century that technological progress has made possible the gathering and analysis of vast amounts of information on the Arctic as well as made possible frequent contacts between peoples of the different parts of the region. (government.is)
  • This mental image reflects realities to a large extent although not being quite fair to the often warm and always beautiful summers in the Arctic, however short they may be. (government.is)
  • It is however justifiable to generalise by maintaining that it is the climate which to a great extent determines the conditions for life in the Arctic and for all practical purposes defines the geographical boundaries of what we consider to be that region. (government.is)
  • Relatively few inhabitants and limited resources explain to a great extent the relative absence of great power politics in the Arctic region throughout most of human history. (government.is)
  • MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a state of emergency in the Arctic city of Norilsk on Wednesday after a huge leak of fuel into a river and upbraided a senior official on television over what he said was a bungled state response. (yahoo.com)
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered his government to conclude an agreement to effectively incorporate the military of Georgia's breakaway South Ossetia region into the Russian armed forces' command structure. (rferl.org)
  • Maybe now those alarmists like Paul Beckwith and the always wrong on sea ice expert Peter Wadhams can call off their "Arctic Methane Emergency Group" who say the warming during summer is the biggest problem. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • By counting and measuring them, Walter Anthony is trying to gauge how much methane is rising from Goldstream Lake from the millions of similar lakes that now occupy nearly a third of the Arctic region. (midtownhotelhue.com)
  • The Regional Action Plan will address both sea and land-based activities, focusing on Arctic-specific marine litter sources and pathways that will play an important role in demonstrating Arctic States. (arctic-council.org)
  • Recently, comparison of OC concentration ranges in seabirds, arctic cod (Boregadus saida), and zooplankton, found no difference between these regions. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The team found that the aggressive intensity of hydrodynamic cavitation was optimized with an increase of pressure at the bubble collapse region. (innovations-report.com)
  • Though there has been significant research to correct this shortcoming, no ideal solution has been found to improve the arctic performance of Portland cement. (alaska.edu)
  • Artifacts from this era have been found in West Siberia before, but never so far in the northeast, let alone in the Arctic. (ancient-origins.net)
  • The environmental changes in the Arctic underscore why NOAA continues to invest in Arctic research and activities, which improve the nation's economic competitiveness, national security, and the sustainable management of natural resources," said retired Navy Rear Adm. (phys.org)
  • Polarstern, a German research vessel, is about to embark on its icy journey across the Arctic. (helsinki.fi)
  • More profound changes are in store as the Arctic continues to warm, says Francis, a research professor at Rutgers University. (yale.edu)
  • In the research experiments, the size of the cavitating region was reduced by varying the upstream and downstream pressures. (innovations-report.com)
  • In this research, Ceramicrete was vigorously tested according to industry-specifications in order to compare its material behavior against that of Portland cement as a viable alternative under arctic oilfield conditions. (alaska.edu)
  • Swedish climate-related research in the Arctic has a long tradition and its findings are constantly helping to increase understanding of ongoing processes. (arctic-council.org)
  • Many of those critics fear the administration is intent on using Arctic resources with no thought for its consequences or mitigation. (go.com)
  • With the human activity associated with industrialization, however, came the burning of fossil fuels for manufacturing and transportation, putting more carbon dioxide into the air and creating an increased pressure of this gas on some regions of the earth's surface - including coastal areas . (phys.org)