"In the context of medical records, 'archives' refers to the storage and preservation of inactive patient records that are no longer in regular use but are required to be kept for legal, administrative, or historical purposes."
Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)
The process of converting analog data such as continually measured voltage to discrete, digital form.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
The technique of using FIXATIVES in the preparation of cytologic, histologic, or pathologic specimens for the purpose of maintaining the existing form and structure of all the constituent elements.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Centers for acquiring, characterizing, and storing organs or tissue for future use.
The infiltrating of tissue specimens with paraffin, as a supporting substance, to prepare for sectioning with a microtome.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
A highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. In solution, it has a wide range of uses: in the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative. Formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p717)
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
'Medical Libraries' are repositories or digital platforms that accumulate, organize, and provide access to a wide range of biomedical information resources including but not limited to books, journals, electronic databases, multimedia materials, and other evidence-based health data for the purpose of supporting and advancing clinical practice, education, research, and administration in healthcare.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Italy" is not a medical term or concept, it's a country located in Southern Europe. If you have any questions related to medical topics, I'd be happy to help with those!

Optimisation of DNA and RNA extraction from archival formalin-fixed tissue. (1/75)

Archival, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue is an invaluable resource for molecular genetic studies but the extraction of high quality nucleic acid may be problematic. We have optimised DNA extraction by comparing 10 protocols, including a commercially available kit and a novel method that utilises a thermal cycler. The thermal cycler and Chelex-100 extraction method yielded DNA capable of amplification by PCR from every block and 61% of sections versus 54% using microwave and Chelex-100, 15% with classical xylene-based extraction and 60% of sections using the kit. Successful RNA extraction was observed, by beta-actin amplification, in 83.7% sections for samples treated by the thermal cycler and Chelex-100 method. Thermal cycler and Chelex-100 extraction of nucleic acid is reliable, quick and inexpensive.  (+info)

Sudden cardiac death with apparently normal heart. (2/75)

BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in subjects with apparently normal hearts are poorly understood. In survivors, clinical investigations may not establish normal cardiac structure with certainty. Large autopsy series may provide a unique opportunity to confirm structural normalcy of the heart before reviewing a patient's clinical history. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified and reexamined structurally normal hearts from a 13-year series of archived hearts of patients who had sudden cardiac death. Subsequently, for each patient with a structurally normal heart, a detailed review of the circumstances of death as well as clinical history was performed. Of 270 archived SCD hearts identified, 190 were male and 80 female (mean age 42 years); 256 (95%) had evidence of structural abnormalities and 14 (5%) were structurally normal. In the group with structurally normal hearts (mean age 35 years), SCD was the first manifestation of disease in 7 (50%) of the 14 cases. In 6 cases, substances were identified in serum at postmortem examination without evidence of drug overdose; 2 of these chemicals have known associations with SCD. On analysis of ECGs, preexcitation was found in 2 cases. Comorbid conditions identified were seizure disorder and obesity (2 cases each). In 6 cases, there were no identifiable conditions associated with SCD. CONCLUSIONS: In 50% of cases of SCD with structurally normal hearts, sudden death was the first manifestation of disease. An approach combining archived heart examinations with detailed review of the clinical history was effective in elucidating potential SCD mechanisms in 57% of cases.  (+info)

Chromogenic in situ hybridization: a practical alternative for fluorescence in situ hybridization to detect HER-2/neu oncogene amplification in archival breast cancer samples. (3/75)

Determination of HER-2/neu oncogene amplification has become necessary for selection of breast cancer patients for trastuzumab (Herceptin) therapy. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is currently regarded as a gold standard method for detecting HER-2/neu amplification, but it is not very practical for routine histopathological laboratories. We evaluated a new modification of in situ hybridization, the chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH), which enables detection of HER-2/neu gene copies with conventional peroxidase reaction. Archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue sections were pretreated (by heating in a microwave oven and using enzyme digestion) and hybridized with a digoxigenin-labeled DNA probe. The probe was detected with anti-digoxigenin fluorescein, anti-fluorescein peroxidase, and diaminobenzidine. Gene copies visualized by CISH could be easily distinguished with a x40 objective in hematoxylin-stained tissue sections. HER-2/neu amplification typically appeared as large peroxidase-positive intranuclear gene copy clusters. CISH and FISH (according to Vysis, made from frozen pulverized tumor samples) correlated well in a series of 157 breast cancers (kappa coefficient, 0.81). The few different classifications were mostly because of low-level amplifications by FISH that were negative by CISH and immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibody CB-11. We conclude that CISH, using conventional bright-field microscopy in evaluation, is a useful alternative for determination of HER-2/neu amplification in paraffin-embedded tumor samples, especially for confirming the immunohistochemical staining results.  (+info)

Polymerase chain reaction detection of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-optimized protocols and their application to myeloma. (4/75)

Since its discovery in 1994, KSHV (also called human herpesvirus-8 or HHV8) has been implicated in a variety of disorders. Although the association of KSHV with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and multicentric Castleman's disease has been well established, its presence in some other diseases, such as multiple myeloma, remains controversial. Because most KSHV studies are based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, the conflicting data may be attributable to variations in the methods, primer sets, and target sequences selected. To establish an efficient and reliable PCR approach for KSHV detection we designed eight sets of primers to six regions (ORFK1, ORFK2, ORFK9, ORK26, ORF72, and ORF74) of the KSHV genome using appropriate database and software. The detection sensitivity of these primers was carefully assessed and their reliability was strictly validated in a series of positive (15 KS and PEL samples) and negative (16 lymphoid tissues) controls. We found that primer sets to the ORFK9 region showed the highest sensitivity, whereas primer sets to ORFK1 and ORF74 showed the lowest sensitivity. Primer sets to ORFK9, ORF26 and ORF72 regions detected all of the positive cases, whereas other primer sets showed varying detection rates or nonspecific bands. All 16 negative controls were negative with all primer sets. However, six of 16 negative controls became positive when we used nested PCR targeting ORF26. Therefore, multiple target KSHV sequences increase the detection efficiency, while nested PCR protocols are likely to introduce false positivity. Using ORFK9, ORF26 and ORF72 primer sets, we screened bone marrow biopsies from 18 cases of multiple myeloma, and failed to detect any KSHV sequences. This finding supports the conclusion that KSHV is not associated with multiple myeloma. Indeed, our results further confirm that although KSHV is universally present in Kaposi's sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma, it is not ubiquitious.  (+info)

Ethics--dental registration in the seventeenth and early eighteenth century. (5/75)

In the histories of dentistry, some mention is made of the licensing of tooth-drawers, and those who provided dental healthcare before the term Dentist started to become general in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. One of the most striking references to licensing appears in a little piece of doggerel printed under a 1768 print by Dixon after Harris.  (+info)

The Protein Data Bank: unifying the archive. (6/75)

The Protein Data Bank (PDB; http://www.pdb.org/) is the single worldwide archive of structural data of biological macromolecules. This paper describes the progress that has been made in validating all data in the PDB archive and in releasing a uniform archive for the community. We have now produced a collection of mmCIF data files for the PDB archive (ftp://beta.rcsb.org/pub/pdb/uniformity/data/mmCIF/). A utility application that converts the mmCIF data files to the PDB format (called CIFTr) has also been released to provide support for existing software.  (+info)

Laser microdissection and gene expression analysis on formaldehyde-fixed archival tissue. (7/75)

BACKGROUND: Analysis of renal biopsies is currently based on histological recognition of typical structural patterns and immunohistological detection of protein expression alterations. Both can be performed using formaldehyde as the tissue fixative. As a consequence of recent advances in molecular medicine, mRNA expression analysis may offer an attractive option to obtain functionally relevant information. However, quantification of mRNA expression in human renal biopsies thus far has not been possible in formaldehyde-fixed tissue. METHODS: The present study evaluated a recently reported mRNA extraction protocol. Using this approach gene expression analysis could be performed on formaldehyde-fixed archival renal tissues by laser microbeam microdissection, laser pressure catapulting and real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: For an initial feasibility study, the expression of two chemokines (IP-10 and RANTES) in renal transplant rejection was examined. Induction of protein expression in allografts undergoing rejection was demonstrated for both chemokines by immunohistochemistry. The mRNA expression alterations in the defined renal compartments of glomeruli, vessels and tubulointerstitium were quantified using laser microdissection from formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded or frozen tissue sections. A pronounced increase of mRNA expression compared to controls was demonstrated for IP-10 as well as RANTES with both tissue-processing protocols. CONCLUSIONS: Using formaldehyde as the tissue fixative, information on the disease process can now be obtained by histological, immunohistochemical and gene expression techniques. In the future this may allow the study of activated molecular programs in routine renal biopsies as well as archival tissue samples.  (+info)

London home for Crick archive. (8/75)

Unprecedented access to the archives of Francis Crick, just before the 50th anniversary next year of his famous paper co-authored with James Watson on the proposed double helix structure of DNA, looks set to go ahead. Nigel Williams reports.  (+info)

In the context of medicine, "archives" typically refers to the collection and preservation of medical records or documents that are no longer in active use but still need to be retained for legal, historical, or research purposes. These archived materials may include patient records, clinical trial data, hospital reports, correspondence, images, and other forms of documentation. The purpose of maintaining medical archives is to ensure the availability and integrity of this information for future reference, as well as to comply with regulatory requirements related to record-keeping and privacy.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Libraries" is not a term that has a medical definition. A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a community for reference or borrowing. This can include books, magazines, audio visual materials, and digital resources. If you have any questions related to health or medicine, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

Analog-digital conversion, also known as analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) or digitization, is the process of converting a continuous physical quantity or analog signal into a discrete numerical representation or digital signal. This process typically involves sampling the analog signal at regular intervals and then quantizing each sample by assigning it to a specific numerical value within a range. The resulting digital signal can be processed, stored, and transmitted more easily than an analog signal. In medical settings, this type of conversion is often used in devices such as electrocardiograms (ECGs) and blood pressure monitors to convert physiological signals into digital data that can be analyzed and interpreted by healthcare professionals.

"History, 19th Century" is not a medical term or concept. It refers to the historical events, developments, and figures related to the 1800s in various fields, including politics, culture, science, and technology. However, if you are looking for medical advancements during the 19th century, here's a brief overview:

The 19th century was a period of significant progress in medicine, with numerous discoveries and innovations that shaped modern medical practices. Some notable developments include:

1. Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccine (1796): Although not strictly within the 19th century, Jenner's discovery laid the foundation for vaccination as a preventive measure against infectious diseases.
2. Germ theory of disease: The work of Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch, and others established that many diseases were caused by microorganisms, leading to the development of antiseptic practices and vaccines.
3. Anesthesia: In 1842, Crawford Long first used ether as an anesthetic during surgery, followed by the introduction of chloroform in 1847 by James Simpson.
4. Antisepsis and asepsis: Joseph Lister introduced antiseptic practices in surgery, significantly reducing postoperative infections. Later, the concept of asepsis (sterilization) was developed to prevent contamination during surgical procedures.
5. Microbiology: The development of techniques for culturing and staining bacteria allowed for better understanding and identification of pathogens.
6. Physiology: Claude Bernard's work on the regulation of internal body functions, or homeostasis, contributed significantly to our understanding of human physiology.
7. Neurology: Jean-Martin Charcot made significant contributions to the study of neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease.
8. Psychiatry: Sigmund Freud developed psychoanalysis, a new approach to understanding mental illnesses.
9. Public health: The 19th century saw the establishment of public health organizations and initiatives aimed at improving sanitation, water quality, and vaccination programs.
10. Medical education reforms: The Flexner Report in 1910 led to significant improvements in medical education standards and practices.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "History, 20th Century" is a broad and complex topic that refers to the events, developments, and transformations that occurred throughout the world during the 1900s. It is not a medical term or concept. If you're interested in learning more about this historical period, I would recommend consulting a history textbook, reputable online resources, or speaking with a historian. They can provide detailed information about the political, social, economic, and cultural changes that took place during the 20th century.

A Radiology Information System (RIS) is a type of healthcare software specifically designed to manage medical imaging data and related patient information. It serves as a centralized database and communication platform for radiology departments, allowing the integration, storage, retrieval, and sharing of patient records, orders, reports, images, and other relevant documents.

The primary functions of a RIS typically include:

1. Scheduling and tracking: Managing appointments, scheduling resources, and monitoring workflow within the radiology department.
2. Order management: Tracking and processing requests for imaging exams from referring physicians or other healthcare providers.
3. Image tracking: Monitoring the movement of images throughout the entire imaging process, from acquisition to reporting and storage.
4. Report generation: Assisting radiologists in creating structured, standardized reports based on the interpreted imaging studies.
5. Results communication: Sending finalized reports back to the referring physicians or other healthcare providers, often through integration with electronic health records (EHRs) or hospital information systems (HIS).
6. Data analytics: Providing tools for analyzing and reporting departmental performance metrics, such as turnaround times, equipment utilization, and patient satisfaction.
7. Compliance and security: Ensuring adherence to regulatory requirements related to data privacy, protection, and storage, while maintaining secure access controls for authorized users.

By streamlining these processes, a RIS helps improve efficiency, reduce errors, enhance communication, and support better patient care within radiology departments.

Tissue fixation is a process in histology (the study of the microscopic structure of tissues) where fixed tissue samples are prepared for further examination, typically through microscopy. The goal of tissue fixation is to preserve the original three-dimensional structure and biochemical composition of tissues and cells as much as possible, making them stable and suitable for various analyses.

The most common method for tissue fixation involves immersing the sample in a chemical fixative, such as formaldehyde or glutaraldehyde. These fixatives cross-link proteins within the tissue, creating a stable matrix that maintains the original structure and prevents decay. Other methods of tissue fixation may include freezing or embedding samples in various media to preserve their integrity.

Properly fixed tissue samples can be sectioned, stained, and examined under a microscope, allowing pathologists and researchers to study cellular structures, diagnose diseases, and understand biological processes at the molecular level.

A Biological Specimen Bank, also known as a biobank or tissue bank, is a type of medical facility that collects, stores, and distributes biological samples for research purposes. These samples can include tissues, cells, DNA, blood, and other bodily fluids, and are often collected during medical procedures or from donors who have given their informed consent. The samples are then cataloged and stored in specialized conditions to preserve their quality and integrity.

Biobanks play a critical role in advancing medical research by providing researchers with access to large numbers of well-characterized biological samples. This allows them to study the underlying causes of diseases, develop new diagnostic tests and treatments, and evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs and other therapies. Biobanks may be established for specific research projects or as part of larger, more comprehensive efforts to build biomedical research infrastructure.

It is important to note that the use of biological specimens in research is subject to strict ethical guidelines and regulations, which are designed to protect the privacy and interests of donors and ensure that the samples are used responsibly and for legitimate scientific purposes.

A "periodical" in the context of medicine typically refers to a type of publication that is issued regularly, such as on a monthly or quarterly basis. These publications include peer-reviewed journals, magazines, and newsletters that focus on medical research, education, and practice. They may contain original research articles, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editor, and other types of content related to medical science and clinical practice.

As a "Topic," periodicals in medicine encompass various aspects such as their role in disseminating new knowledge, their impact on clinical decision-making, their quality control measures, and their ethical considerations. Medical periodicals serve as a crucial resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and other stakeholders to stay updated on the latest developments in their field and to share their findings with others.

A Tissue Bank is a specialized facility that collects, stores, and distributes human tissues for medical research, transplantation, or therapeutic purposes. These tissues can include organs, bones, skin, heart valves, tendons, and other bodily tissues that can be used for various medical applications.

Tissue banks follow strict regulations and guidelines to ensure the safety and quality of the tissues they handle. They implement rigorous screening and testing procedures to minimize the risk of disease transmission and maintain the integrity of the tissues. The tissues are stored under specific conditions, such as temperature and humidity, to preserve their function and viability until they are needed for use.

Tissue banks play a critical role in advancing medical research and improving patient outcomes by providing researchers and clinicians with access to high-quality human tissues for study and transplantation.

Paraffin embedding is a process in histology (the study of the microscopic structure of tissues) where tissue samples are impregnated with paraffin wax to create a solid, stable block. This allows for thin, uniform sections of the tissue to be cut and mounted on slides for further examination under a microscope.

The process involves fixing the tissue sample with a chemical fixative to preserve its structure, dehydrating it through a series of increasing concentrations of alcohol, clearing it in a solvent such as xylene to remove the alcohol, and then impregnating it with melted paraffin wax. The tissue is then cooled and hardened into a block, which can be stored, transported, and sectioned as needed.

Paraffin embedding is a commonly used technique in histology due to its relative simplicity, low cost, and ability to produce high-quality sections for microscopic examination.

Formaldehyde is a colorless, pungent, and volatile chemical compound with the formula CH2O. It is a naturally occurring substance that is found in certain fruits like apples and vegetables, as well as in animals. However, the majority of formaldehyde used in industry is synthetically produced.

In the medical field, formaldehyde is commonly used as a preservative for biological specimens such as organs, tissues, and cells. It works by killing bacteria and inhibiting the decaying process. Formaldehyde is also used in the production of various industrial products, including adhesives, resins, textiles, and paper products.

However, formaldehyde can be harmful to human health if inhaled or ingested in large quantities. It can cause irritation to the eyes, nose, throat, and skin, and prolonged exposure has been linked to respiratory problems and cancer. Therefore, it is essential to handle formaldehyde with care and use appropriate safety measures when working with this chemical compound.

"Access to information," in a medical context, refers to the ability of individuals, patients, healthcare providers, and researchers to obtain, request, and disseminate health-related data, records, research findings, and other important information. This includes access to personal medical records, clinical trial results, evidence-based practices, and public health statistics.

Promoting access to information is crucial for informed decision-making, ensuring transparency, advancing medical research, improving patient care, and enhancing overall healthcare system performance. Various laws, regulations, and policies at the local, national, and international levels aim to protect and facilitate access to information while balancing privacy concerns, data security, and intellectual property rights.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "publishing" is not a term that has a medical definition. Publishing typically refers to the process of preparing and disseminating information, such as books, journals, or articles, to the public or a specific audience. It could involve both print and digital media. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I'd be happy to try to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Internet" is a term that pertains to the global network of interconnected computers and servers that enable the transmission and reception of data via the internet protocol (IP). It is not a medical term and does not have a specific medical definition. If you have any questions related to medicine or health, I'd be happy to try to help answer them for you!

Medical libraries are collections of resources that provide access to information related to the medical and healthcare fields. They serve as a vital tool for medical professionals, students, researchers, and patients seeking reliable and accurate health information. Medical libraries can be physical buildings or digital platforms that contain various types of materials, including:

1. Books: Medical textbooks, reference books, and monographs that cover various topics related to medicine, anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, and clinical specialties.
2. Journals: Print and electronic peer-reviewed journals that publish the latest research findings, clinical trials, and evidence-based practices in medicine.
3. Databases: Online resources that allow users to search for and access information on specific topics, such as PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library.
4. Multimedia resources: Audio and video materials, such as lectures, webinars, podcasts, and instructional videos, that provide visual and auditory learning experiences.
5. Electronic resources: E-books, databases, and other digital materials that can be accessed remotely through computers, tablets, or smartphones.
6. Patient education materials: Brochures, pamphlets, and other resources that help patients understand their health conditions, treatments, and self-care strategies.
7. Archives and special collections: Rare books, historical documents, manuscripts, and artifacts related to the history of medicine and healthcare.

Medical libraries may be found in hospitals, medical schools, research institutions, and other healthcare settings. They are staffed by trained librarians and information specialists who provide assistance with locating, accessing, and evaluating information resources. Medical libraries play a critical role in supporting evidence-based medicine, continuing education, and patient care.

A Database Management System (DBMS) is a software application that enables users to define, create, maintain, and manipulate databases. It provides a structured way to organize, store, retrieve, and manage data in a digital format. The DBMS serves as an interface between the database and the applications or users that access it, allowing for standardized interactions and data access methods. Common functions of a DBMS include data definition, data manipulation, data security, data recovery, and concurrent data access control. Examples of DBMS include MySQL, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, and MongoDB.

Computer communication networks (CCN) refer to the interconnected systems or groups of computers that are able to communicate and share resources and information with each other. These networks may be composed of multiple interconnected devices, including computers, servers, switches, routers, and other hardware components. The connections between these devices can be established through various types of media, such as wired Ethernet cables or wireless Wi-Fi signals.

CCNs enable the sharing of data, applications, and services among users and devices, and they are essential for supporting modern digital communication and collaboration. Some common examples of CCNs include local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and the Internet. These networks can be designed and implemented in various topologies, such as star, ring, bus, mesh, and tree configurations, to meet the specific needs and requirements of different organizations and applications.

'Information Storage and Retrieval' in the context of medical informatics refers to the processes and systems used for the recording, storing, organizing, protecting, and retrieving electronic health information (e.g., patient records, clinical data, medical images) for various purposes such as diagnosis, treatment planning, research, and education. This may involve the use of electronic health record (EHR) systems, databases, data warehouses, and other digital technologies that enable healthcare providers to access and share accurate, up-to-date, and relevant information about a patient's health status, medical history, and care plan. The goal is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and coordination of healthcare delivery by providing timely and evidence-based information to support clinical decision-making and patient engagement.

A Tobacco Industry is a commercial sector involved in the cultivation, production, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. This can include growers who produce tobacco leaves, manufacturers who process the leaves into various forms (such as cigarettes, chewing tobacco, or snuff), and companies that market and distribute these products to consumers. It is important to note that the tobacco industry has been associated with significant health risks, as the use of tobacco products can lead to a range of serious health problems, including cancer, heart disease, and lung disease.

A factual database in the medical context is a collection of organized and structured data that contains verified and accurate information related to medicine, healthcare, or health sciences. These databases serve as reliable resources for various stakeholders, including healthcare professionals, researchers, students, and patients, to access evidence-based information for making informed decisions and enhancing knowledge.

Examples of factual medical databases include:

1. PubMed: A comprehensive database of biomedical literature maintained by the US National Library of Medicine (NLM). It contains citations and abstracts from life sciences journals, books, and conference proceedings.
2. MEDLINE: A subset of PubMed, MEDLINE focuses on high-quality, peer-reviewed articles related to biomedicine and health. It is the primary component of the NLM's database and serves as a critical resource for healthcare professionals and researchers worldwide.
3. Cochrane Library: A collection of systematic reviews and meta-analyses focused on evidence-based medicine. The library aims to provide unbiased, high-quality information to support clinical decision-making and improve patient outcomes.
4. OVID: A platform that offers access to various medical and healthcare databases, including MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO. It facilitates the search and retrieval of relevant literature for researchers, clinicians, and students.
5. ClinicalTrials.gov: A registry and results database of publicly and privately supported clinical studies conducted around the world. The platform aims to increase transparency and accessibility of clinical trial data for healthcare professionals, researchers, and patients.
6. UpToDate: An evidence-based, physician-authored clinical decision support resource that provides information on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of medical conditions. It serves as a point-of-care tool for healthcare professionals to make informed decisions and improve patient care.
7. TRIP Database: A search engine designed to facilitate evidence-based medicine by providing quick access to high-quality resources, including systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, and practice recommendations.
8. National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC): A database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related documents developed through a rigorous review process. The NGC aims to provide clinicians, healthcare providers, and policymakers with reliable guidance for patient care.
9. DrugBank: A comprehensive, freely accessible online database containing detailed information about drugs, their mechanisms, interactions, and targets. It serves as a valuable resource for researchers, healthcare professionals, and students in the field of pharmacology and drug discovery.
10. Genetic Testing Registry (GTR): A database that provides centralized information about genetic tests, test developers, laboratories offering tests, and clinical validity and utility of genetic tests. It serves as a resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, and patients to make informed decisions regarding genetic testing.

A User-Computer Interface (also known as Human-Computer Interaction) refers to the point at which a person (user) interacts with a computer system. This can include both hardware and software components, such as keyboards, mice, touchscreens, and graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The design of the user-computer interface is crucial in determining the usability and accessibility of a computer system for the user. A well-designed interface should be intuitive, efficient, and easy to use, minimizing the cognitive load on the user and allowing them to effectively accomplish their tasks.

Retrospective studies, also known as retrospective research or looking back studies, are a type of observational study that examines data from the past to draw conclusions about possible causal relationships between risk factors and outcomes. In these studies, researchers analyze existing records, medical charts, or previously collected data to test a hypothesis or answer a specific research question.

Retrospective studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying trends, but they have limitations compared to prospective studies, which follow participants forward in time from exposure to outcome. Retrospective studies are subject to biases such as recall bias, selection bias, and information bias, which can affect the validity of the results. Therefore, retrospective studies should be interpreted with caution and used primarily to generate hypotheses for further testing in prospective studies.

A nucleic acid database is a type of biological database that contains sequence, structure, and functional information about nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA. These databases are used in various fields of biology, including genomics, molecular biology, and bioinformatics, to store, search, and analyze nucleic acid data.

Some common types of nucleic acid databases include:

1. Nucleotide sequence databases: These databases contain the primary nucleotide sequences of DNA and RNA molecules from various organisms. Examples include GenBank, EMBL-Bank, and DDBJ.
2. Structure databases: These databases contain three-dimensional structures of nucleic acids determined by experimental methods such as X-ray crystallography or nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Examples include the Protein Data Bank (PDB) and the Nucleic Acid Database (NDB).
3. Functional databases: These databases contain information about the functions of nucleic acids, such as their roles in gene regulation, transcription, and translation. Examples include the Gene Ontology (GO) database and the RegulonDB.
4. Genome databases: These databases contain genomic data for various organisms, including whole-genome sequences, gene annotations, and genetic variations. Examples include the Human Genome Database (HGD) and the Ensembl Genome Browser.
5. Comparative databases: These databases allow for the comparison of nucleic acid sequences or structures across different species or conditions. Examples include the Comparative RNA Web (CRW) Site and the Sequence Alignment and Modeling (SAM) system.

Nucleic acid databases are essential resources for researchers to study the structure, function, and evolution of nucleic acids, as well as to develop new tools and methods for analyzing and interpreting nucleic acid data.

Biomedical research is a branch of scientific research that involves the study of biological processes and diseases in order to develop new treatments and therapies. This type of research often involves the use of laboratory techniques, such as cell culture and genetic engineering, as well as clinical trials in humans. The goal of biomedical research is to advance our understanding of how living organisms function and to find ways to prevent and treat various medical conditions. It encompasses a wide range of disciplines, including molecular biology, genetics, immunology, pharmacology, and neuroscience, among others. Ultimately, the aim of biomedical research is to improve human health and well-being.

A genetic database is a type of biomedical or health informatics database that stores and organizes genetic data, such as DNA sequences, gene maps, genotypes, haplotypes, and phenotype information. These databases can be used for various purposes, including research, clinical diagnosis, and personalized medicine.

There are different types of genetic databases, including:

1. Genomic databases: These databases store whole genome sequences, gene expression data, and other genomic information. Examples include the National Center for Biotechnology Information's (NCBI) GenBank, the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA), and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ).
2. Gene databases: These databases contain information about specific genes, including their location, function, regulation, and evolution. Examples include the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database, the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt), and the Gene Ontology (GO) database.
3. Variant databases: These databases store information about genetic variants, such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), insertions/deletions (INDELs), and copy number variations (CNVs). Examples include the Database of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (dbSNP), the Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC), and the International HapMap Project.
4. Clinical databases: These databases contain genetic and clinical information about patients, such as their genotype, phenotype, family history, and response to treatments. Examples include the ClinVar database, the Pharmacogenomics Knowledgebase (PharmGKB), and the Genetic Testing Registry (GTR).
5. Population databases: These databases store genetic information about different populations, including their ancestry, demographics, and genetic diversity. Examples include the 1000 Genomes Project, the Human Genome Diversity Project (HGDP), and the Allele Frequency Net Database (AFND).

Genetic databases can be publicly accessible or restricted to authorized users, depending on their purpose and content. They play a crucial role in advancing our understanding of genetics and genomics, as well as improving healthcare and personalized medicine.

I am not aware of a widely accepted medical definition for the term "software," as it is more commonly used in the context of computer science and technology. Software refers to programs, data, and instructions that are used by computers to perform various tasks. It does not have direct relevance to medical fields such as anatomy, physiology, or clinical practice. If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help with those instead!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Italy" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country located in Southern Europe. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

RIP Video Archives by Adam Groves Memories of Quentin Tarantino and Video Archives by Todd Mecklem Quentin Tarantino buys Video ... Spangler, Todd (June 2, 2022). "Quentin Tarantino, Roger Avary Set to Launch 'The Video Archives Podcast'". Variety. Archived ... Video Archives closed in 1995, and Tarantino purchased its video inventory and rebuilt the store in his home. In June 2021, ... Video Archives was a video rental store located in Manhattan Beach, California, and later moved to Hermosa Beach, California, ...
Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2012-02-23. NBCUniversal Archives NBC News Archives IMDB NBCUniversal ... NBCUniversal Archives licenses archival and stock footage owned by NBCUniversal properties. NBCUniversal Archives is the ... Expanding from the existing NBC News Archives, NBCUniversal Archives was launched in February 2011 and licenses footage online ... NBCUniversal Archives offers access to years worth of footage from NBCUniversal and its owned-and-operated stations. With ...
The Utrecht Archives also disposes knowledge about legal supervision of archives in the field of analog as well as digital ... The Archive Database contains more than 1,249,300 scans of archive records. Digital versions of the local newspaper Utrechts ... Until 1 October 2012, the director of the Utrecht Archives was Saskia van Dockum. The Utrecht Archives can be found in two ... With over 200 km of archives, images (such as prints, drawings, maps, photos, films) and 70.000 publications, the Archive is ...
... holds the archives for the city of Doncaster. The archives are held at Chequer Road, Waterdale, Doncaster, ... "City of Doncaster Archives". Retrieved 19 July 2023. v t e (Use dmy dates from April 2022, Use British English from July 2023, ...
... holds the archives for the county of Gloucestershire and South Gloucestershire. The archives are held ... More recently, the Archives at Alvin Street have been rebranded as the Gloucestershire Heritage Hub. The project aims to ... Archives in Gloucestershire, History of Gloucestershire, County record offices in England, All stub articles, Gloucestershire ...
... are the archives of a country. The concept evolved in various nations at the dawn of modernity based on the ... The various national archives of Latin American countries were founded in the 19th and 20th centuries. Much of those archives ... The National Archives and Records Administration has been advertised as an agency of narrative; the archives' façade claims " ... Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-29. Cox, Richard J.; Wallace, David A., eds. (2002). Archives ...
The archives budget appears to be one of the lowest in the country." As of 2010, the archives' voluminous holdings range ... The Massachusetts Archives is the state archive of Massachusetts. It "serves the Commonwealth and its citizens by preserving ... 2010; p.41 Lodi News-Sentinel - Nov 20, 1985 "The Archives Facility". www.sec.state.ma.us. Archived from the original on June ... September 2015 Wikimedia Commons has media related to Massachusetts Archives. Massachusetts Archives Division Commonwealth ...
... is also based at the Archives. "Gwent Archives". Culture24. Retrieved 16 February 2016. "Gwent records office to open next ... The Gwent Archives are housed in the Grade II* listed office buildings of Ebbw Vale Steelworks. The red brick building with its ... Gwent Archives has two main strongrooms with 6 miles (10 km) of shelving, containing records going back as far as the 12th- ... Gwent Archives (Welsh: Archifau Gwent) is the local records office and genealogy centre, based in Ebbw Vale, South Wales for ...
"Bristol Archives: A new name for Bristol Record Office". Bristol Archives. Retrieved 21 November 2016. Mellor, Penny (2013). ... In addition, on the first two Saturdays of the month, Bristol Archives is open 10am-4pm. Bristol Archives holds material ... "National Archives Discovery Catalogue page, Institution of Civil Engineers". Retrieved 18 April 2016. Bristol Archives The ... Foster, Janet; Sheppard, Julia (1995). British archives: a guide to archive resources in the United Kingdom. ISBN 978-0-333- ...
Gibraltar Museum Gibraltar Archives in the Government of Gibraltar Information Services Gibraltar National Archives Website v t ... The Gibraltar National Archives is a department of the Government of Gibraltar under the responsibility of the Ministry of the ... The Gibraltar Archives were established in 1969 following Gibraltar's first constitution. The institution is responsible not ... Private individuals, groups and associations have also donated records to the Gibraltar National Archives. An example is the ...
Accompanying Archives are five booklets and a poster featuring artwork of all seven studio albums. The book has been officially ... Björk: Archives is a retrospective book covering Björk's career, published by Thames & Hudson, which was released on March 30, ... "Björk to Publish Archives Book with Contributions from Chris Cunningham, Spike Jonze and Nan Goldin". Fact. United Kingdom: The ... Archives was overseen by Björk and MoMA curator Klaus Biesenbach, who wrote the book's introduction; together they recruited ...
The Pristina Archives is a cultural heritage monument in Pristina, Kosovo. The Pristina Central Archives, formerly the ... "Prishtina Archive (Pristina)". Kosovo Cultural Heritage Database. Republic of Kosovo Ministry of Culture, Youth, and Sport. ... In 2004, the Municipal Assembly of Pristina decided to host its archives there, despite concerns about its suitability for the ...
... are archives created or accumulated, described, and/or preserved by individuals and community groups who ... "South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA)". South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA). Retrieved 2018-02-08. (CS1 maint: ... Flinn, Andrew; Stevens, Mary; Shepherd, Elizabeth (2009). "Whose memories, whose archives? Independent community archives, ... archives, and collective memory. Jeannette Bastian's Owning Memory: How a Caribbean Community Lost Its Archives and Found Its ...
The Bexar Archives is a collection of documents archived at the University of Texas. The Bexar Archives contain a collection of ... The university agreed to translate, archive, and store all the documents in a fireproof vault. Carlos Castañeda performed the ... McLean, Malcolm D. (1947). "The Bexar Archives". The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 50 (4): 493-496. JSTOR 30237494. ( ...
"Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-23. Retrieved 2018-03-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived ... An increasingly relevant aspect of archives management is ensuring the accessibility of archives and archive materials to all ... Archives management is the area of management concerned with the maintenance and use of archives. It is concerned with ... National Archives. August 15, 2016. "A Quick Guide to Accessibility and Archives , Society of American Archivists". www2. ...
Archived from the original on 28 March 2020. "About Us". Office of the Notary to Government and Notarial Archives. Archived ... Archived from the original on 7 January 2018. "Fees". Office of the Notary to Government and Notarial Archives. Archived from ... Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. "Opening Hours". Office of the Notary to Government and Notarial Archives. Archived ... "Notaries Volumes in Archives". Office of the Notary to Government and Notarial Archives. Archived from the original on 7 ...
Archives in the M25 area), The Archives Hub (Archives of UK HE and FE institutions), SCAN (Scottish Archives Network) Wrexham ... Swansea West Glamorgan Archive Service, Swansea Neath Antiquarian Society Archives North East Wales Archives Glamorgan Archives ... The URL is Archives.Wales or archifau.cymru[citation needed] Archives Wales forms part of the UK National Archives Network, a ... Archives and Local Studies Service Conwy Archive Service Bangor University Archives and Special Collections Anglesey Archives ...
"Arcade Archives: TERRA FORCE now available on Switch". GoNintendo. April 5, 2019. Retrieved May 1, 2019. "Arcade Archives: ... generally going under the Powered by Arcade Archives remark. Currently 3 games on the Arcade Archives list have been announced ... Arcade Archives is a series of emulated arcade games from the late 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s for PlayStation 4, Xbox ... "Arcade Archives for PS4: Title List". Hamster Corporation (in Japanese). Retrieved October 27, 2018. "アーケードアーカイブス , 株式会社ハムスター ...
The Lynn and Louis Wolfson II Florida Moving Image Archives (The Wolfson Archives) is currently housed at Miami Dade College's ... Wolfson Archives. Retrieved 27 November 2015. Fernandez,E. (2015)."Miami on Film: Exploring the Wolfson Archives" in The New ... Facebook page Wolfson Archives's channel on YouTube (Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Film archives in the ... Originally, the Archives was housed in the basement area of the Main Branch of the Miami-Dade Public Library System, until it ...
... Commencing 1756 Vol IV - Pennsylvania Archives Commencing 1760 Vol V - Pennsylvania Archives Commencing ... Pennsylvania Archives Commencing 1779 Vol IX - Pennsylvania Archives Commencing 1781 Vol X - Pennsylvania Archives Commencing ... "Guide to the published archives of Pennsylvania covering the 138 volumes of Colonial records and Pennsylvania archives, series ... The Pennsylvania Archives are a 138 volume set of reference books compiling transcriptions of letters and early records ...
The Hmong Archives, formerly known as Hmong Nationality Archives, is a nonprofit organization located in Saint Paul, Minnesota ... The Hmong Archives was founded by Marlin LeRoy Heise (Minnesota Historical Society retiree), Yuepheng Xiong (founder of Hmong ... It later relocated to a Hmong business strip in the "Minnehaha Mall", the Hmong Archives then found its way to the Center of ... Since early 2012 Hmong Archives had relocated to 343 Michigan Street, Saint Paul, MN. Regular office hours are Monday, ...
... is an archive in South London, managed by the London Borough of Lambeth. Containing records of Lambeth ... The archive is open to the public free of charge. "Lambeth Archives". Film London. Retrieved 16 August 2010. "Family history". ... "Visit Lambeth Archives". Lambeth Council. Archived from the original on 1 July 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010. Official website ... The archive holds various documents for tracing family history, including parish records, electoral registers, civil registers ...
... is a records archive and local history centre for the city of Coventry, England. It is housed in Herbert Art ... Archived from the original on 31 May 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012. "Coventry History Centre". Demco interiors. Archived from ... It was set up to combine the former Coventry Archives and Local Studies Library. In September 2018, the Coventry Archives ... The Archives was set up in 2008 during the refurbishment of Herbert Art Gallery and Museum, and was designed by Demco Interiors ...
... at Facebook Grand Archives at Sub Pop Grand Archives Lyrics at SongMeanings (Use mdy dates from August 2020, ... Grand Archives was an American indie rock band that formed in Seattle. They were originally called Archives and are led by ... The Grand Archives (album)" Billboard Wikimedia Commons has media related to Grand Archives. ... Grand Archives third album has, as yet, still not been recorded and the band now appear to be inactive. Brooke has concentrated ...
Archived from the original on July 14, 2001. Retrieved 2007-04-24. Long, Andy (1 April 1999). "Tourniquet - Acoustic Archives ... Spencer, Josh (1999). "Acoustic Archives". The Phantom Tollbooth. Retrieved 7 May 2012. Acoustic Archives at Tourniquet.net ( ... Acoustic Archives is an acoustic compilation album by the American Christian metal band Tourniquet. It was released in 1998. ...
Soviet Archives. История журнала. Archives of Russia. Retrieved 8 January 2020. v t e (Articles with topics of unclear ... Domestic Archives (Отечественные архивы) is a peer-reviewed academic journal of archival science published in Russia. It was ...
"Classical Archives: Exclusive Presentations". "Classical Archives (c) 2001 Classical Archives, LLC". Archived from the original ... Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. "Ludwig van Beethoven - Classical Archives". Archived from the original on ... Classical Archives was founded by CEO Pierre R. Schwob. The cataloguing of the Classical Archives database is carried out by a ... "CLASSICAL ARCHIVES INTERNET RADIO". Archived from the original on August 13, 2006. "News & Information". "About". ...
Jerry Kaplan's Anarchist Archives Project (AAP) is a 12,000-item archive of global anarchism held privately in Cambridge, ... "Libertarian Archives in South America". Perspectives on Anarchist Theory. 7 (2): 18. "Musée: au CIRA, tout sur les anars mais ... These independent archives tend to have a narrower focus than their institutional counterparts, whose other collections are ... Anarchist archives preserve records from the international anarchist movement in personal and institutional collections around ...
... holds the historic records for the Teesside area. The service is located within the Dorman Museum, Linthorpe ... Rachel (13 June 2016). "Teesside Archives". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. v t e (Use dmy dates from April 2022, County record ...
... may refer to: German Federal Archives Federal Archives of Switzerland Leo J. Ryan Memorial Federal Archives ... the United States List of national archives This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Federal Archives ...
Archives is an international center for documentation and research. As a learning organization and repository of knowledge, it ... Library & Archives. Since 1919, the Hoover Institution Library & Archives at Stanford University has become an international ... Diaries Of Chiang Kai-Shek And Chiang Ching-Kuo Return To Taiwan, Copies Remain At The Hoover Institution Library & Archives. ... For over 100 years, the Hoover Institution Library & Archives has served as a platform for a vibrant community of scholars and ...
RIP Video Archives by Adam Groves Memories of Quentin Tarantino and Video Archives by Todd Mecklem Quentin Tarantino buys Video ... Spangler, Todd (June 2, 2022). "Quentin Tarantino, Roger Avary Set to Launch The Video Archives Podcast". Variety. Archived ... Video Archives closed in 1995, and Tarantino purchased its video inventory and rebuilt the store in his home. In June 2021, ... Video Archives was a video rental store located in Manhattan Beach, California, and later moved to Hermosa Beach, California, ...
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the nations record keeper. Of all documents and materials created ... What is the National Archives?. The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the nations record keeper. Of all ... The National Archives does not appraise or look at privately owned documents or artifacts. To find an appraiser in your area, ... NARA tries to make as many records as possible available via the National Archives Catalog. This is a daunting task, even with ...
Issue Archives. Browse 60+ years of magazine archives and web exclusives. Subscribers receive full access to the archives. ... Browse 60+ years of magazine archives and web exclusives. Subscribers receive full access to the archives of the following: * ... Over 120 years of magazine archives plus full access to all of CTs online archives ... From the Archives: A Christian Education. To ring in the new school year, check out a selection of CT articles about pursuing ...
For a more detailed history see Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Administrative History ... Related Microfilm Publications - National Archives microfilm publications held by the Atlanta facility of records related to ... The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272 ...
Mya, Hektor and Cain are seated on the floor, next to their handlers and partners, waiting for their names to be called. Its a big day for the three shelter dogs and their handlers. You may be surprised to learn that many of the dogs trained at APHIS National Detector Dog Training Center are rescues. Mya and Cain are from Marylands Montgomery County Animal Services & Adoption Center and Hektor is from the Fulton County Animal Shelter in Atlanta. They are all officially graduating from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) detector dog training program, and will join two other rescue dogs trained last year and currently part of other detector dog teams as part of the effort to find and eliminate the last of the nutria from the Delmarva Peninsula.. Nutria are invasive, semi-aquatic rodents that live in marshes throughout the country. They weigh between 12 and 20 pounds and were brought to Marylands Lower Eastern Shore from South America ...
... This site contains (or links to) archives for several play-by-post role-playing adventures in which ... Archive FireLassoMagna here. Table of Contents. *Agents of Lerotrahh *The Trassgar Saga *Goblins in the Mist (complete) *A ... Status: archive complete Shindorim7, the brains behind Lizardmens lovable Jack de Crampon, takes the helm of this third T&T® ... Status: archive in progress. The BFTs most prolific GM khara_khang returns after a long hiatus to run his seventh BFT ...
This archive page provides access to all previous newsletters. For any feedback, please feel free to reach us at ...
At this time of year, many community groups, volunteer organizations, work places and other groups celebrate Thanksgiving with a potluck meal. When cooking for a large group, it is important to keep in mind the needs of your guests. Do any of your guests have food allergies or dietary restrictions? Could some be at higher risk for foodborne illness because they may be transplant recipients, cancer patients or diabetics? Pregnant women and seniors are also at higher risk.. ...
Many claim that 2020 has been a year of chaos and calamity, but for one rare squirrel, it might be a year of hope and new beginnings. The Delmarva Fox Squirrel (DFS) is a subspecies of fox squirrel found on the eastern shore of Maryland, Southern Delaware and Virginia. This pudgy, slow squirrel with its signature size and silvery-white coat has become a conservation success story in Maryland. Habitat loss along with other additive factors landed them on the Federal endangered species list in 1967. Protection and management efforts benefited DFS and in 2015, populations reached stable limits and they were officially delisted in Maryland. In parts of Delaware, DFS populations were not as prolific and numbers began to dwindle over time leaving only a few small populations.. ...
I hope you enjoy perusing the newsletter archives, and I invite you to click on the link below to join our mailing list, so ...
Home , Archives sector > Case studies and research reports > Case studies > Workforce development > Shropshire Archives ... Shropshire Archives. Volunteering for Shropshires Heritage is a three year long Heritage Lottery-funded project working across ... Sign me up to The National Archives mailing list. Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.. ... development of volunteering for Shropshires heritage will depend on the evolution of the museums and archives services and any ...
Administrative Proceedings Archive 1995. The list below provides links to notices and orders concerning the institution and/or ...
CC Supports Internet Archives Efforts to Ensure Public Access to Books. by Brigitte Vézina, Catherine Stihler Copyright ... The Internet Archive is an American non-profit library preserving and giving access… ... we strongly support the Internet Archive in its defense of Controlled Digital Lending. Free, equitable, and open access to all ... filed a motion for summary judgment calling to reject the lawsuit against the Internet Archive (IA) brought by four big ...
Scottish Archive of Print and Publishing History Records (SAPPHIRE). The National Archives may also hold records relevant to ... 4. Does The National Archives have newspapers?. The National Archives is not the best place to start if youre looking for ... Use the Find an archive tool to find the contact details of other libraries and local archives that hold newspaper collections. ... Search Discovery, our catalogue, to find records from The National Archives and over 2,500 archives across the UK. You can ...
Working Group of the Universal Periodic Review:. ...
... and FAIR archive or repository. If you know of an archive or repository that […] ... To be included on this list of archives and repositories, the minimum requirements are to be a long-term (25 years+) ... A list of archives and repositories that are used by planetary science researchers to share NASA-funded data with the broader ... Archives/Repositories. A list of archives and repositories that are used by planetary science researchers to share NASA-funded ...
Archives of the old diocese of Basel (AAEB). "Mémoire dici" - Centre for research and documentation of the Bernese Jura (M-ICI ...
Archives of the old diocese of Basel (AAEB). "Mémoire dici" - Centre for research and documentation of the Bernese Jura (M-ICI ...
The IBM 3660 supermarket system was a family of data processing products designed to perform normal checkout operations and to meet the data collection and dissemination needs of the supermarket industry.
Reason Magazines archive of articles filed under Right to carry. Reason is an American libertarian monthly magazine published ...
Former Secretary of State Henry Kissingers wife, Nancy, was acquitted Thursday of charges of trying to harm a woman activist who confronted her husband with...
Follow the Archives for more daily updates on features, profiles and exhibitions ... Follow the Archives for more daily updates on features, profiles and exhibitions ...
JSA Series Archives. SUMMARY JSA Series end-of-life (EOL) or end-of-support (EOS) releases and products documentation ... STRM / JSA Archives. The following JSA Series Virtual Appliance and STRM products have reached end-of-support (EOS). ... To download the archived documentation for the EOS releases, select one of the zip files from the sections below. ... To download the archived STRM/JSA documentation, select one of the zip files from the table below. ...
The following snapshots were posted before January 1, 2010.
University Archives. Regional Materials. Publications. Projects. SIUE at 50: A Timeline in Images. Commencement at SIUE: An ...
... and the Epigraphic Archives of Wat Pho in Thailand. ...
Feature Friday: Archive All I just went and archived all the unread email in my inbox. I do this from time to time. It is the ... You can archive a page full of email (50 at a time). Or you can create a filter and archive all the filtered mail. I would love ... Archive Gmail Offline with Offline Google Mail Extension (madrasgeek.com). *Heres How To Use Gmail Offline On Your Laptop ( ... In the past I have called it email bankruptcy, but since I am archiving the email, its not really bankruptcy. It is more like ...
  • The World Bank Group Archives preserves the records of enduring value of the World Bank Group and makes them available for research in the Archives reading room, or on-line once the digitization process is complete. (worldbank.org)
  • Our procedures aim to protect the integrity of the historical materials the World Bank Group Archives preserves and ensure their continued access to researchers in the future. (worldbank.org)
  • The Smithsonian Institution Archives collects, preserves, and makes available the official records of the Smithsonian Institution, the papers of Smithsonian scholars and other staff members, and the records of related professional organizations. (si.edu)
  • The archives of the Penn Museum collects, describes and preserves evidence of the histories of archaeological and anthropological practice at Penn. (upenn.edu)
  • The Archives of Toxicology aim to promote our understanding of toxic as well as pathophysiological mechanisms relevant to the mode of action of chemicals on human and mammalian cells and organisms. (springer.com)
  • Established in 1984, the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Archives is a state of the art facility, providing the primary public resource for toxicology research. (nih.gov)
  • Pursuant to NIH policy, the National Toxicology Program Archives is listed in the Registry of NIH Scientific Collections . (nih.gov)
  • Archived from the original on June 3, 2022. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the changes to COVID-19 restrictions in the Washington D.C area, the Archives reading room reopened to external researchers on September 12, 2022. (worldbank.org)
  • Collection Highlights: The Archives maintains over 36,000 cubic feet of holdings, which include institutional records, personal papers, and special collections. (si.edu)
  • The WBG Archives provides the public with access to the archival holdings of the WBG along with engaging tools that enable the discovery of historical information. (worldbank.org)
  • The National Archives holds one of the largest and most significant collections of photographs in the United Kingdom. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Frequently used collections are listed on the Archives website. (si.edu)
  • NTP Archives maintain world class collections of educational and training materials on rodent pathology, available to anyone upon request (subject to an approval process). (nih.gov)
  • The NHHC Archives is currently closed to all researchers as we undergo a move to our new facility. (navy.mil)
  • The Archives also maintains a collection of reference works for use in the reading room, including histories of the World Bank, World Bank publications, and published works that are based on research in the World Bank Group Archives. (worldbank.org)
  • Timeless stories from our 173-year archive handpicked to speak to the news of the day. (harpers.org)
  • This archive includes past Fogarty International Center newsletter articles and press releases, and other breaking global health news. (nih.gov)
  • Due to the unique and irreplaceable nature of archival material, in-person access to the original analog records is possible only in the Archives reading room in Washington, DC. (worldbank.org)
  • When departing at the end of the day, please inform the Archives' staff whether you have finished with the records. (worldbank.org)
  • The National Archives holds central government and court records that have been selected for permanent preservation. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The Hoover Library, located at Exit 254 off Interstate 80, is one of ten Presidential Libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration. (archives.gov)
  • One of the responsibilities of the WBG Archives is to appraise the business, legal and research value of WBG records to identify records with permanent value and records that can be destroyed when no longer needed. (worldbank.org)
  • In 2021, WBG archivists and their IT counterparts developed a prototype to test the effectiveness of using Machine Learning (ML) technology to assist the Archives in the appraisal and selection of born-digital moving image records. (worldbank.org)
  • The exponential growth of digital content makes it hard, if not impossible, for the WBG Archives to appraise the vast volume of unclassified records that we receive into custody. (worldbank.org)
  • For FAIRness, we have introduced minimal requirements for spatiotemporal annotation, created a metadata-based classification system, incorporated third party metadata curations with archived records, and developed a new rapid visualisation platform, the ENA Notebooks. (nih.gov)
  • The archived resources on this page are no longer updated and are provided for historical and research purposes only. (cdc.gov)
  • This documentation describes previously published archive data. (cdc.gov)
  • The Penn Museum Archives is open Tuesdays through Fridays from 9:30 am to 5 pm, by appointment only . (upenn.edu)
  • The National Archives does not hold any cinematographic film. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • This image of Samarra in Iraq, circa 1935 (catalogue reference OS 1/384), is among a collection of aerial photographs of sites of archaeological interest in the Middle East, dated 1925-1936, sent to The National Archives from the Ordnance Survey agency. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The National Archives in collaboration with Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg has launched online thousands of papers from captured. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The Chief Executive of The National Archives, Jeff James, will leave his post in summer 2024 when his current term ends. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • A major new book on nineteenth century poverty co-authored between staff at The National Archives and Nottingham Trent University has won the North. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • NASA has a strong track record of archiving and providing universal access to science data products from its science missions and programs. (nasa.gov)
  • As a matter of longstanding policy and practice, NASA archives all science mission data products to ensure long-term usability and to promote wide-spread usage by scientists, educators, decision-makers, and the general public. (nasa.gov)
  • Perhaps the most notable endeavor in this regard is the Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS), which processes, archives, and distributes data from a large number of Earth observing satellites and represents a crucial capability for studying the Earth system from space and improving prediction of Earth system change. (nasa.gov)
  • We promote broader utilization of our science data archives beyond the original investigators by increasing awareness of and ease of access through Web services and applications programming interfaces (APIs). (nasa.gov)
  • We also have an extensive set of education and public outreach efforts that build on the science data archives to engage and excite students and the general public to use the data in citizen science endeavors. (nasa.gov)
  • The Archives houses an unmatched collection of research specimens and supporting data from over 2,000 NTP studies. (nih.gov)
  • It serves the bioinformatics community worldwide via the submission, processing, archiving and dissemination of sequence data. (nih.gov)
  • If you are unable to come to the reading room, consult with the Archives, as we will be able to facilitate digitization of the materials at a later date. (worldbank.org)
  • The Archives provides reference services to the general public, scholars, and to staff of the Smithsonian. (si.edu)
  • The World Bank Group Archives reserves the right to revoke the research privileges of any person who does not abide by the reading room rules stated above or the Covid-19 prevantative measures followed by the Bank Group to provide a safe work environment. (worldbank.org)
  • A wide variety of research specimens and supporting tissue samples are archived. (nih.gov)
  • Older success stories are archived here. (nih.gov)
  • The CT archives are a rich treasure of biblical wisdom and insight from our past. (christianitytoday.com)
  • As the Indian government cracks down on several prominent activists and writers across India, here are some readings from our archives on authoritarian tendencies in India's body politic at present and in the past. (himalmag.com)
  • In addition, the Archives, Photo Archives, and Library will not be able to accept donations during the move. (navy.mil)
  • As a nonprofit dedicated to supporting the sharing and reuse of creativity and knowledge, we strongly support the Internet Archive in its defense of Controlled Digital Lending. (creativecommons.org)
  • Yesterday, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) filed a motion for summary judgment calling to reject the lawsuit against the Internet Archive (IA) brought by four big publishers that threatens IA's controlled digital lending (CDL) program. (creativecommons.org)
  • Filing out this form will include your information in the Unfiltered SA artist archive. (google.com)
  • Astrophysics science archives have been established in a wavelength-specific structure alongside the Astrophysics Great Observatories, which include the Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-Ray Telescope, and the Spitzer Infrared Space Telescope. (nasa.gov)
  • Items are archived for historical reference. (cms.gov)
  • Following a recent Archive Service Accreditation Panel, we are pleased to announce that the following archive services have been awarded accreditation. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • These archived versions of the RDoC Matrix are for reference purposes only. (nih.gov)
  • The podcast is named after Video Archives, and features the directors and a guest examining a film which could have been offered for rental at the store. (wikipedia.org)
  • Archived film of government origin is held at the British Film Institute . (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Our vision is to facilitate the on-going scientific discovery process and inspire the public through the body of knowledge captured in these public archives. (nasa.gov)
  • To download the archived documentation for the EOS releases, select one of the zip files from the sections below. (juniper.net)
  • To download the archived STRM/JSA documentation, select one of the zip files from the table below. (juniper.net)
  • To download the archived JSA3500 and JSA5500 documentation, click JSA3500 and JSA5500 (4.9 MB) . (juniper.net)
  • To download the archived JSA3800 documentation, click JSA3800 (4.7 MB) . (juniper.net)
  • Learn more about the archives in the NTP archives brochure . (nih.gov)