A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.
Lectin purified from peanuts (ARACHIS HYPOGAEA). It binds to poorly differentiated cells and terminally differentiated cells and is used in cell separation techniques.
A major class of water-soluble seed storage proteins. Many proteins from this class are major PLANT ALLERGENS.
Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.
Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
Carbohydrates covalently linked to a nonsugar moiety (lipids or proteins). The major glycoconjugates are glycoproteins, glycopeptides, peptidoglycans, glycolipids, and lipopolysaccharides. (From Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents, 2d ed; From Principles of Biochemistry, 2d ed)
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Serine proteinase inhibitors which inhibit trypsin. They may be endogenous or exogenous compounds.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Family of calcium- and phospholipid-binding proteins which are structurally related and exhibit immunological cross-reactivity. Each member contains four homologous 70-kDa repeats. The annexins are differentially distributed in vertebrate tissues (and lower eukaryotes) and appear to be involved in MEMBRANE FUSION and SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The use of HIGH-ENERGY SHOCK WAVES, in the frequency range of 20-30 kHz, to cut through mineralized tissue.
The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)
Removal of degenerated and necrotic epithelium and underlying connective tissue of a periodontal pocket in an effort to convert a chronic ulcerated wound to an acute surgical wound, thereby insuring wound healing and attachment or epithelial adhesion, and shrinkage of the marginal gingiva. The term is sometimes used in connection with smoothing of a root surface or ROOT PLANING. (Jablonski; Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
A cone-shaped structure in plants made up of a mass of meristematic cells that covers and protects the tip of a growing root. It is the putative site of gravity sensing in plant roots.
Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Organic compounds that contain 1,2-diphenylethylene as a functional group.
Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Oleuropein has been identified in the stem bark.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
A plant genus of the family PEDALIACEAE that is the source of the edible seed and SESAME OIL.
A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.
The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.

Molecular cloning and epitope analysis of the peanut allergen Ara h 3. (1/491)

Peanut allergy is a significant IgE-mediated health problem because of the increased prevalence, potential severity, and chronicity of the reaction. Following our characterization of the two peanut allergens Ara h 1 and Ara h 2, we have isolated a cDNA clone encoding a third peanut allergen, Ara h 3. The deduced amino acid sequence of Ara h 3 shows homology to 11S seed-storage proteins. The recombinant form of this protein was expressed in a bacterial system and was recognized by serum IgE from approximately 45% of our peanut-allergic patient population. Serum IgE from these patients and overlapping, synthetic peptides were used to map the linear, IgE-binding epitopes of Ara h 3. Four epitopes, between 10 and 15 amino acids in length, were found within the primary sequence, with no obvious sequence motif shared by the peptides. One epitope is recognized by all Ara h 3-allergic patients. Mutational analysis of the epitopes revealed that single amino acid changes within these peptides could lead to a reduction or loss of IgE binding. By determining which amino acids are critical for IgE binding, it might be possible to alter the Ara h 3 cDNA to encode a protein with a reduced IgE-binding capacity. These results will enable the design of improved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for food-hypersensitivity reactions.  (+info)

Strain-dependent induction of allergic sensitization caused by peanut allergen DNA immunization in mice. (2/491)

To investigate the potential application of allergen gene immunization in the modulation of food allergy, C3H/HeSn (C3H) mice received i.m. injections of pAra h2 plasmid DNA encoding one of the major peanut allergens, Ara h2. Three weeks following pDNA immunization, serum Ara h2-specific IgG2a, IgG1, but not IgE, were increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner. IgG1 was 30-fold higher in multiply compared with singly immunized mice. Ara h2 or peanut protein injection of immunized mice induced anaphylactic reactions, which were more severe in multiply immunized mice. Heat-inactivated immune serum induced passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, suggesting that anaphylaxis in C3H mice was mediated by IgG1. IgG1 responses were also induced by intradermal injection of pAra h2, and by i.m. injection of pOMC, the plasmid DNA encoding the major egg allergen protein, ovomucoid. To elucidate whether the pDNA immunization-induced anaphylaxis was a strain-dependent phenomenon, AKR/J and BALB/c mice also received multiple i.m. pAra h2 immunizations. Injection of peanut protein into these strains at weeks 3 or 5 following immunization did not induce reactions. Although IgG2a was increased significantly from week 2 in AKR/J mice and from week 4 in BALB/c mice and remained elevated for at least 6 wk, no IgG1 or IgE was detected. These results indicate that the type of immune responses to pDNA immunization in mice is strain dependent. Consequently, models for studying human allergen gene immunization require careful selection of suitable strains. In addition, this suggests that similar interindividual variation is likely in humans.  (+info)

Regional differences in production of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid by soil isolates of aspergillus flavus along a transect within the United States. (3/491)

Soil isolates of Aspergillus flavus from a transect extending from eastern New Mexico through Georgia to eastern Virginia were examined for production of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid in a liquid medium. Peanut fields from major peanut-growing regions (western Texas; central Texas; Georgia and Alabama; and Virginia and North Carolina) were sampled, and fields with other crops were sampled in regions where peanuts are not commonly grown. The A. flavus isolates were identified as members of either the L strain (n = 774), which produces sclerotia that are >400 micrometer in diameter, or the S strain (n = 309), which produces numerous small sclerotia that are <400 micrometer in diameter. The S-strain isolates generally produced high levels of aflatoxin B1, whereas the L-strain isolates were more variable in aflatoxin production; variation in cyclopiazonic acid production also was greater in the L strain than in the S strain. There was a positive correlation between aflatoxin B1 production and cyclopiazonic acid production in both strains, although 12% of the L-strain isolates produced only cyclopiazonic acid. Significant differences in production of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid by the L-strain isolates were detected among regions. In the western half of Texas and the peanut-growing region of Georgia and Alabama, 62 to 94% of the isolates produced >10 microgram of aflatoxin B1 per ml. The percentages of isolates producing >10 microgram of aflatoxin B1 per ml ranged from 0 to 52% in the remaining regions of the transect; other isolates were often nonaflatoxigenic. A total of 53 of the 126 L-strain isolates that did not produce aflatoxin B1 or cyclopiazonic acid were placed in 17 vegetative compatibility groups. Several of these groups contained isolates from widely separated regions of the transect.  (+info)

Definitive diagnosis of nut allergy. (4/491)

OBJECTIVE: To compare findings of tests for nut allergy in children. DESIGN: Retrospective survey of a clinical practice protocol. SETTING: Children's hospital paediatric outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: 96 children referred by general practitioners and accident and emergency doctors over 27 months (1994-96). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Allergic manifestations (generalised urticarial rash, facial swelling, bronchospasm, anaphylactic shock, vomiting on three occasions) related to specific nut IgE concentrations and following touch, skin prick, or oral ingestion of nuts. RESULTS: 16 children from a sample of 51 who were tested for nut allergy had no reaction to an oral challenge. Positive IgE against peanuts was found in nine of these 16 children. CONCLUSIONS: Skin prick testing and IgE measured by radioallergosorbent testing are inadequate tests for nut allergy. The definitive diagnostic test for nut allergy in the hospital setting is direct oral challenge.  (+info)

Optical imaging of odorant representations in the mammalian olfactory bulb. (5/491)

We adapted the technique of intrinsic signal imaging to visualize how odorant concentration and structure are represented spatially in the rat olfactory bulb. Most odorants activated one or more glomeruli in the imaged region of the bulb; these optically imaged responses reflected the excitation of underlying neurons. Odorant-evoked patterns were similar across animals and symmetrical in the two bulbs of the same animal. The variable sensitivity of individual glomeruli produced distinct maps for different odorant concentrations. Using a series of homologous aldehydes, we found that glomeruli were tuned to detect particular molecular features and that maps of similar molecules were highly correlated. These characteristics suggest that odorants and their concentrations can be encoded by distinct spatial patterns of glomerular activation.  (+info)

The first triple gene block protein of peanut clump virus localizes to the plasmodesmata during virus infection. (6/491)

The subcellular localization of the first triple gene block protein (TGBp1) of peanut clump pecluvirus (PCV) was studied by subcellular fractionation and immunogold cytochemistry using TGBp1-specific antibodies raised against a fusion protein expressed in and purified from bacteria. In the inoculated and apical leaves of virus-infected Nicotiana benthamiana, TGBp1 localized to the cell wall and P30 fractions. Electron microscopy of immunogold-decorated ultrathin sections of the infected leaf tissue revealed TGBp1-specific labeling of the plasmodesmata joining mesophyll cells. In longitudinal sections of the plasmodesmata, the TGBp1-specific labeling was most commonly associated with the plasmodesmal collar region. In transgenic N. benthamiana, which constitutively expressed TGBp1, no TGBp1-specific immunogold labeling of plasmodesmata was observed, but plasmodesmata were gold decorated when the transgenic plants were infected with a TGBp1-defective PCV mutant, indicating that factors induced by the virus infection target and/or anchor the transgene TGBp1 to the plasmodesmata.  (+info)

Response to influenza vaccine in adjuvant 65-4. (7/491)

A comparison was made of the antibody response and subjective reactions to zonally-purified influenza vaccine in aqueous suspension and in peanut oil adjuvant 65-4. Both preparations contained 700 CCA units of A/Aichi/2/68, and 300 CCA units of B/Mass/1/71. Subjective reactions were recorded by asking the volunteers to complete a record daily for 5 days. Pain at the injection site was recorded by 64 per cent of the recipients of the oil adjuvant vaccine compared with 35 per cent of the aqueous recipients, but local redness was more frequent after aqueous vaccine. Systemic symptoms was recorded a little more frequently after aqueous than oil adjuvant vaccine. When measured 71/2 weeks after a single dose of vaccine, the HAI geometric mean antibody titre (G.M.T) to the A/Hong Kong/1/68 antigen (antigenically similar to the A/Aichi/2/68 antigen in the vaccine) increased 2-7 fold after aqueous and 16-4 fold after adjuvant vaccine. Sixty-two weeks after vaccination the antibody titres remained higher in those given adjuvant vaccine. The G.M.T. to B/Mass/1/71 increased 1-9 fold 71/2 weeks after aqueous vaccine and 3-7 fold after adjuvant vaccine. The antibody response to both influenza A and B antigens was broader in the recipients of adjuvant vaccine. The G.M.T. to A/England/42/72 increased 2-8-fold after aqueous and 13-fold after adjuvant vaccine; and to B/England/847/73 it increased 1-3-fold after aqueous and 1-9-fold after adjuvant vaccine.  (+info)

Cross-reaction of chalcone synthase and stilbene synthase overexpressed in Escherichia coli. (8/491)

Chalcone synthase (CHS) and stilbene synthase (STS) are related plant polyketide synthases belonging to the CHS superfamily. CHS and STS catalyze common condensation reactions of p-coumaroyl-CoA and three C(2)-units from malonyl-CoA but different cyclization reactions to produce naringenin chalcone and resveratrol, respectively. Using purified Pueraria lobata CHS and Arachis hypogaea STS overexpressed in Escherichia coli, bisnoryangonin (BNY, the derailed lactone after two condensations) and p-coumaroyltriacetic acid lactone (the derailed lactone after three condensations) were detected from the reaction products. More importantly, we found a cross-reaction between CHS and STS, i.e. resveratrol production by CHS (2.7-4.2% of naringenin) and naringenin production by STS (1.4-2.3% of resveratrol), possibly due to the conformational flexibility of their active sites.  (+info)

Fauziah Ivo Rambe, Keragaman Genetik; Beberapa Sifat Kuantitatif Tanaman Kacang Tanah {Arachis hypogaea L.) Pada Tiga Lingkungan Tumbuh, dibawah bimbingan : Ir. Hasmawi Hasyim MS sebagai ketua komisi! pembimbing dan Ir. Yusuf Husni sebagai anggota komisi pembimbing. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di jalan Selambo III Kecamatan Medan Amplas dengan ketinggian ± 25 m dpi. Tujuan penelitian adalah ,untuk mengetahui tingkat keragaman beberapa sifat kuantitatif tanaman kacang tanah {Arachis hypogaea L.) pada tiga lingkungan tumbuh. Penelitian ini dimulai sejak bulan Oktober 2001 sampai dengan awal Januari 2002. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan petak terpisah dengan dua faktor dan empat ulangan. Tiga lingkungan tumbuh sebagai faktor utama yaitu : Li = Populasi kacang tanah. L2 = Populasi tanaman kacang tanah : populsi jagung = 6:2 L3 = Populasi kacang tanah : populasi jagung = 6:4 Varietas sebagai anak petak terdiri atas 10 varietas yaitu : Vi = Varietas Gajah I V2 = Varietas Kelinci V3 = ...
Fruiting peanut plants ( Arachis hypogaea L.) were grown in pots of soil with some roots extending through the drainage hole into jars of water. Supplying 45Ca to the water in these jars for 2 to 4 days resulted in calcium uptake and translocation primarily to the vegetative portions of the plants, as measured by autoradiographs. When fruit of plants, having 45Ca supplied as described above, were lifted from the fruiting medium and exposed to the atmosphere to promote water loss from transpiration, radioactive calcium moved readily into them, while only traces of 45Ca were detected in fruit remaining in the soil.. Peanut plants were grown so that the fruiting medium, consisting of nutrient free sand, was isolated from the rooting medium to study the effects on fruit development of varying water and calcium in the fruiting zone. Omission of water or intermittent watering of the fruiting medium resulted in an increased percentage of dead gynophores (pegs or fruiting stalks). Omission of calcium ...
UV-B radiation has been widely documented as a stressor for plants that can cause decreased biomass, reduction in photosynthesis, and oxidative stress. Trigonelline is a secondary metabolite that is biosynthesized in some plants in response to abiotic stress such as UV-B irradiation. The objectives of this study were to examine biochemical stress responses for peanut plants (Arachis hypogaea L.) of four different genotypes (Spanish, Valencia, Virginia, and Runner) after exposure at various lengths to UV-B radiation and to examine the alteration of trigonelline biosynthesis due to the age of the plants. Peanut plants from the genotypes were exposed to UV-B radiation at three exposure times (60, 120, and 180 min); plants from two growth stages, the flowering (R1) and early maturity (R7), were used. Significant positive correlations (rs 0.29-0.74, P≤0.05) were found for trigonelline concentrations and UV-B exposure times. With longer exposure times of 180 min for plants at R7, trigonelline biosynthesis
Characterization of Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Seed Oil And Fatty Acids Composition Under Different Growing Season Under Mediterranean Environment ...
In order to study effects of humic acid foliar spraying and nitrogen fertilizer management on yield and yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). An experiment in factorial format based on randomized complete block design with three replications, d...
Arachis villosulicarpa is a perennial peanut species, which is cultivated by indigenous people in Mato Grosso, a state of Brazil. Its wild progenitor is thought to be Arachis pietrarellii. Although it is related to the common peanut, Arachis hypogaea, it was separately domesticated: A. villosulicarpa is diploid, whereas A. hypogaea is tetraploid. It is one of several species that might be used as gene source for plant breeding to improve the important cultivated peanut Arachis hypogaea. List of domesticated plants Galgaro, L.; Montenegro Valls, J. F.; Lopes, C. R. (1997). Study of the genetic variability and similarity among and within Arachis villosulicarpa, A. pietrarellii and A. hypogaea through isoenzyme analysis. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 44: 9. doi:10.1023/A:1008609115357. Wynne, J. C.; Beute, M. K.; Nigam, S. N. (1991). Breeding for Disease Resistance in Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L.). Annual Review of Phytopathology. 29: 279. doi:10.1146/annurev.py.29.090191.001431. ...
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Arachis hypogaea agglutinin (PNA) is isolated from peanuts and purified by affinity chromatography. PNA is homogeneous by SDS-PAGE, consisting of four subunits of approximately 27, 000 each. This lectin has an isoelectric point between pH 5.5 and pH 6.5. It has a carbohydrate specificity for Gal3GalNAc with an eluting sugar of galactose. Galactose and lactose are poor inhibitors while disaccharide Gal (1- 3)GalNAc and desialylated human erythrocyte N-substance (T-antigen which is present in many M and N blood groups) are potent inhibitors of PNA.Although extracts of Arachis hypogaea do not agglutinate untreated or trypsin-treated human erythrocytes, PNA has been known to agglutinate neuraminidase-treated human red blood cells. PNA may be used for clinical determination of T-polyagglutinability of erythrocytes and probing cell membranes of normal and malignant cells. This lectin can be of use in characterization of tumor-specific antigens on the surface of malignant cells. It can be employed in ...
Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA, Peanut Agglutinin) is isolated from peanuts by affinity chromatography. The lectin has 4 sub-units and a molecular weight of 110 kDa. PNA is a carbohydrate-free protein that displays specificity towards Beta-D-Gal(1-3)-D-galNAc. It has potent anti-T activity and can be used to distinguish between human lymphocyte subsets. PNA has been used in tumour tissue determination for transitional mucosa malignancies. Arachis hypogaea lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder from 10 mM NHsub4HCOsub3. For laboratory use only.
Objective: A field experiment was conducted in order to study the effect of phosphorus and manure application on agronomic performance and seed yield of groundnut. Methods: Factorial combination of two groundnut varieties (Werer 962 and Oldhale), Three rates of phosphorus (0, 90 and 180 kg P2O5 ha-1) and three rates of manure (0, 5 and 10 ton ha-1) were laid out in randomized complete block design with three replication. Results: The combined application of 180 kg P2O5 ha-1 and 10 ton manure ha-1 resulted in the highest number of pods per plant and seed yield. The increase in number of pods per plant and seed yield at the highest combined application rates of the two fertilizers were 40 and 60%, compared to the control of the two fertilizers. Generally, the present study has shown that the integrated use of manure (10 ton ha-1) and inorganic phosphorus (180 kg P2O5 ha-1) fertilizer resulted in highest seed yield of groundnut compared to the application of either fertilizer alone.
In the USA, several experiments concluded that peanut skins can be utilized to feed dairy and beef cattle provided that the diet contains enough protein, usually exceeding recommended requirements. Feedlot cattle can be given high protein diets containing up to 10% peanut skins, or 15% ammoniated peanut skins, or 15% peanut skins with urea. Grazing cattle can consume high-protein forages such as rye, ryegrass, or wheat supplemented with peanut skins and maize fed in equal portions at about 2 kg/d (Hill, 2002). Feedlot heifers fed 10% peanut skins showed depressed protein digestibility and feedlot performance: the average daily gain with 10% skins was half that of the gain obtained with the control diet. However, feedlot steers fed 9% peanut skins maintained growth. This inconsistency appears to be related to the amount of consumed tannins relative to the amount of consumed protein (McBrayer et al., 1983). Steer calves fed pellets made of Bermuda grass and 10% peanut skins gained weight 27% ...
Peanut, an important oilseed crop, is gaining priority for the development of drought tolerant genotypes in recent times, since the area under drought is constantly on the rise. To achieve this, one of the important strategies is to genetically engineer the ruling peanut varieties using transcription factor regulating the expression of several downstream, abiotic-stress responsive gene(s). In this study, eight independent transgenic peanut (cv. GG20) lines were developed using AtDREB1A gene, encoding for a transcription factor, through Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. The transgene insertion was confirmed in (T0) using PCR and Dot-blot analysis, while copy-number(s) was ascertained using Southern-blot analysis. The inheritance of AtDREB1A gene in individual transgenic plants (T1 and T2) was confirmed using PCR. In homozygous transgenic plants (T2), under soil-moisture deficit stress, elevated level of AtDREB1A transgene expression was observed by RT-PCR assay. The transgenic plants at 45-d
Dont throw it away just yet. And you dont have to cross your fingers and hope for the best either.. With this ridiculously simple method, you can tell if your peanut butter is still good to eat.. Note: Oil at the top of your peanut butter does NOT mean its gone bad. Separation of the oil is to be expected, especially with natural peanut butter.. Spoiled peanut butter is easy to identify. Because of its high oil content, those oils can go rancid. You can tell if your peanut butter has gone bad because its texture will no longer be creamy (even after stirring the oil back in). It will instead have a grainy and lumpy consistency.. Peanut butter that has gone bad will also tend to be a darker color than fresh peanut butter. You can even give a small amount a taste as bad peanut butter will taste off. Thats a sure sign its time to throw it away.. Keep in mind that peanut butter will not grow mold so you need to test it by looking for the signs outlined above.. ...
Resveratrol synthase (RS) is a key enzyme that plays a critical role in the resveratrol synthesis pathway. In this study, six RS genes were isolated and characterized from peanut variety
A recent approach to detecting genetic polymorphism involves the amplification of genomic DNA using single primers of arbitrary sequence. When separated electrophoretically in agarose gels, the...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [MeiJing He, XinLei Yang, ShunLi Cui, GuoJun Mu, MingYu Hou, HuanYing Chen, LiFeng Liu].
Despite several efforts in the last decade toward development of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in peanut, there is still a need for more markers for conducting different genetic and breeding studies. With the effort of the International Peanut Genome Initiative, the availability of reference genome for both the diploid progenitors of cultivated peanut allowed us to identify 135,529 and 199,957 SSRs from the A (Arachis duranensis) and B genomes (Arachis ipaensis), respectively. Genome sequence analysis showed uneven distribution of the SSR motifs across genomes with variation in parameters such as SSR type, repeat number, and SSR length. Using the flanking sequences of identified SSRs, primers were designed for 51,354 and 60,893 SSRs with densities of 49 and 45 SSRs per Mb in A. duranensis and A. ipaensis, respectively. In silico PCR analysis of these SSR markers showed high transferability between wild and cultivated Arachis species. Two physical maps were developed for the A genome and the B
The Physiological Basis for Yield Differences between Four Genotypes of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea) in Response to Drought. III. Developmental Processes† - Volume 24 Issue 2 - D. Harris, R. B. Matthews, R. C. Nageswara Rao, J.H. Williams
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The peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is an important crop cultivated worldwide for oil production and food sources. Its complex genetic architecture (e.g., the large and tetraploid genome possibly due to unique cross of wild diploid relatives and subsequent chromosome duplication: 2n = 4x = 40, AABB, 2800 Mb) presents a major challenge for its genome sequencing and makes it a less-studied crop. Without a doubt, transcriptome sequencing is the most effective way to harness the genome structure and gene expression dynamics of this non-model species that has a limited genomic resource. With the development of next generation sequencing technologies such as 454 pyro-sequencing and Illumina sequencing by synthesis, the transcriptomics data of peanut is rapidly accumulated in both the public databases and private sectors. Integrating 187,636 Sanger reads (103,685,419 bases), 1,165,168 Roche 454 reads (333,862,593 bases) and 57,135,995 Illumina reads (4,073,740,115 bases), we generated the first release of our peanut
AhAREB1 (Arachis hypogaea Abscisic-acid Response Element Binding Protein 1) is a member of the basic domain leucine zipper (bZIP)-type transcription factor in peanut. Previously, we found that expression of AhAREB1 was specifically induced by abscisic acid (ABA), dehydration and drought. To understand the drought defense mechanism regulated by AhAREB1, transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AhAREB1 was conducted in wild-type (WT), and a complementation experiment was employed to ABA non-sensitivity mutant abi5 (abscisic acid-insensitive 5). Constitutive expression of AhAREB1 confers water stress tolerance and is highly sensitive to exogenous ABA. Microarray and further real-time PCR analysis revealed that drought stress, reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging, ABA synthesis/metabolism-related genes and others were regulated in transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AhAREB1. Accordingly, low level of ROS, but higher ABA content was detected in the transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpression of AhAREB1.
Peanut butter is a good snack for diabetics because it has low carbohydrates and contains healthy fats and protein, according to sfgate. however, people with diabetes need to moderate their peanut butter intake because it has a high calorie content.. Which type of butter is good for diabetics? an unsalted butter is fine for diabetics. a butter / olive oil spread is also a great alternative for reducing intake of saturated fat, while maintaining the tastiness of butter. does butter have sugar? butter does not contain significant sugar. butter is made from milk, which contains lactose, or milk sugar.. To jazz it up with 10 more grams of carbs and added flavor, slice the apple and spread 1 tablespoon of natural peanut butter on the slices. adding peanut butter to meals may help control blood.. Q: can diabetics eat peanut butter? a. definitely, but you should choose your peanut butter wisely. peanut butter can be a fantastic source of both protein and healthy fats. for those reasons, it can help ...
Peanut Butter and Jelly sandwich without the carbs? All flavors have no added sugar, no artificial sweeteners, and use only natural flavors. Favorite 4 in Legendary Foods Peanut Butter , Keto Diet Friendly, Low Carb, No … Theyre so good even traditional peanut butter cups are jealous. … DIET FRIENDLY , Legendary Foods natural creamy nut butter is a great way to follow your Keto, Dairy Free or Vegan-friendly diets without sacrificing taste. Legendary Foods Peanut Butter Spread. Add to cart. 18%. Legendary Foods is a newer player to the nut butter line-up. 3.00g. We all wish that we could dive into a giant peanut butter cup without feeling the effects of added sugar and artificial flavors. Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip (Legendary Foods) Per 2 tbsp - Calories: 180kcal , Fat: 15.00g , Carbs: 10.00g , Protein: 6.00g Nutrition Facts - Similar Peanut Butter and Banana Sandwich I kinda sorta introduced you to these awesome nut butters from Legendary Foods yesterday with my Banana Pecan Pie Protein ...
Q: Has any one given their ferret peanut butter Jiffy Creamy. The reason Im asking is because my son dropped his peanut butter jelly sandwich on the floor today and Misty (my baby ferret) was licking up the peanut butter goop. Will she be alright?. A: Ive heard of a ferret that got into a jar of peanut butter and died. While peanut butter is high in fat and ferrets require fat for power, it likewise is high in sugar and peanuts are a legume. Peanut butter is full of legumes (peanuts are from the legume family) and the ferrets cant digest them, so theres no nutritional value to be gained - and theres the down side of possible blockage issues, too ...
Detection of the three agents of groundnut rosette disease (groundnut rosette assistor virus, groundnut rosette virus and its satellite RNA) in plants and vectoraphids by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is reported. Three procedures for extraction of total RNA from groundnut were tested, of which two were found to be useful in giving RNA of sufficient quality for RT-PCR. Of these two, the total RNA extraction kit supplied by Qiagen was found to be the most versatile for extraction of all three agents from individual vector aphids (Aphis craccivora). Both groundnut rosette assistor virus and groundnut rosette virus could be detected from total RNA extracted from a single aphid that had been exposed to either green or chlorotic rosette-infected groundnut plants. They could be detected in aphids stored in 70% ethanol for up to 30 days at room temperature. However, satellite RNA could be amplified only when total RNA extracted from two or more aphids was used. Groundnut ...
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is a major source of vegetable oil and protein. Rust, caused by Puccinia arachidis, is widespread in most of the tropical countries and severely affects the crop productivity and quality of the produce. Since the trait is governed by recessive genes, use of tightly linked markers will enhance precision in selection of the trait as well as shorten the breeding duration. In this context, using a mapping population derived from the cross TAG 24 × GPBD 4, a major QTL (QTLrust01) associated with four SSR markers (IPAHM103, GM2079, GM2301, GM1536) contributing upto 82.96% phenotypic variation was identified. After validating these markers in germplasm as well as another mapping population (TG 26 × GPBD 4), molecular breeding has been initiated in three elite groundnut varieties namely ICGV 91114, JL 24 and TAG 24 for enhancing rust resistance. In summary, after deploying GPBD 4 as a donor genotype in marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC), 76 homozygous BC3F2 and 158 ...
Cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), is an important oil seed crop grown mostly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. However, it suffers with narrow genetic diversity due to genetic bottlenecks such as the recent polyploidization and self pollinating nature of the crop. In such crop species, simple sequence repeats (SSRs), as compared to other marker systems such as restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs), randomly amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs) and amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) have been found more informative for genetic studies and breeding applications. Therefore, with an aim to develop new SSR markers in groundnut, a SSR-enriched library was constructed from the genotype ICGV 86031. Out of 29 SSRs isolated, primer pairs were designed for 23 SSR loci, of which 14 (61%) primer pairs yielded scorable amplicons. Eight (57%) primer pairs showed polymorphism among 23 groundnut genotypes that are parents of different groundnut mapping populations ...
Serena Styles is a Colorado-based writer who specializes in health, fitness and food. There are a number of creative ways to enhance your foods with peanut butter. If you consume it as a part of your daily calorie needs, then it is fine. To avoid exceeding your daily calorie needs, be mindful of portion sizes. Its simple: just blend frozen sliced banana with a heaping scoop of peanut butter in a food processor until smooth, and serve! Milk, Red Meat, Potato, Nuts and Nut butters. Peanut butter is high in calories but loaded with healthy fats, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals. Regular exercise may increase your appetite. When attempting to gain weight, go beyond the realm of set conventions. Image Credit: Getty. Due to its high calorie and fat content, you may wonder whether peanut butter may cause weight gain over time. Interestingly, studies also show that dieters may better comply with weight loss plans that allow nuts, including peanut butter (20). Eating peanut butter before ...
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Is Celery And Peanut Butter A Good Snack For Diabetics is a thoughtful condition. Learn about Is Celery And Peanut Butter A Good Snack For Diabetics or are you at risk for Is Celery And Peanut Butter A Good Snack For Diabetics. But if you treat it carefully you can provent Is Celery And Peanut Butter A Good Snack For Diabetics. But bont worry about Is Celery And Peanut Butter A Good Snack For Diabetics? Youve come to the right place. This quick article for Is Celery And Peanut Butter A Good Snack For Diabetics. These technique will get you started.
May 18, 2021 - If youre crazy for all things peanut butter, youre in the right place. Peanut Butter recipes for everything from cakes, cookies, muffins, breakfasts, no bake desserts and more. See more ideas about peanut butter recipes, desserts, peanut butter.
Near infrared reflectance spectra (NIRS) was collected from Arachis hypogaea seed samples and used in predictive models to rapidly identify varieties with high oleic acid. The method was developed for shelled peanut seeds with intact testa. Spectra was evaluated initially by principal component analysis (PCA) followed by partial least squares (PLS). PCA performed with full spectra and reduced spectra with one principal component accounted for 97% to 99% variability, respectively. The PLS model generated from first derivative spectra provided a standard error of prediction (SEP) of 7.7204808. This technique provides a non-destructive method to rapidly identify high oleic peanut seeds to support the selection and cultivation of high oleic acid peanut varieties. The method can also be useful at peanut processing facilities for screening and quality assessments.
Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid with two nuclear genomic components, AA and BB. Although it is generally agreed that these component genomes are derived from diploid wild ancestors, the exact species involved has been a matter of some research and discussion. Although the evidence is not completely clear cut, analysis of data from molecular markers, cytogenetics, morphology and geographical distributions support that A. duranensis and A. ipaënsis are the direct ancestors of cultivated peanut [8, 30].. Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) of A. hypogaea metaphase chromosomes with total genomic DNA from the AA genome of A. duranensis and the BB genome of A. ipaënsis allowed a clear differentiation of the A and B chromosomes. Firstly, this observation reinforces the evidence of the close relationship between the genomes of A. duranensis, A. ipaënsis and cultivated peanut. Secondly, since GISH relies largely on the hybridization of repetitive sequences, it also indicates that A. duranensis ...
Hows that for the mantra of someone who really, really, really likes peanut butter?. Who is that nut for peanuts? Its me. Thats my mantra. I repeat it frequently. Im not kidding.. People, I am kidding. (I wouldnt give my child up for adoption on account of a peanut allergy… Id just love it less than its siblings;). You might have gathered by this point that a) I am heartless and b) I love peanut butter. Let me qualify that statement. I love processed, supermarket, lots-of-added-sugar-and-salt peanut butter. The stuff I was never allowed to have as a kid. You see, we were an all-natural peanut butter family; ours came from the Herb and Spice, ladled into a plastic container from big vats at the back of the shop with puddles of oil glistening on top. It tasted okay, but oh, how I longed for the smooth, stiff spread that came from the Kraft jar with the cuddly teddy bear and the bright green top!. As soon as I became an adult, I revolted. Never again has natural peanut butter darkened my ...
Its no surprise that all natural foods taste better-at least, to us. (Weve ceased to be surprised when we try to proselytize. For example, well bringing soda-chugging friends what we think is a far superior product, such as Boylans or GuS all natural cola, both of which have exciting genuine cola flavor and far less sugar. Invariably, they tell us they prefer the big-name brands that are neither natural nor, to us, flavorful). But we never tire of side-by-side tests. Recently, we sat down with jars of supermarket favorite Jif peanut butter and two new variations, Jif Natural Peanut Butter Spread and Jif To Go Reduced Fat Creamy Peanut Butter Spread.. The new Jif Natural Peanut Butter Spread is 90% peanuts; with sugar, palm oil, salt and molasses as the only other added ingredients, it is delish. It also has half the sodium of regular stabilized peanut butter. MSRP $2.70/18 ounce jar and $4.15/28 ounce jar.. Reduced Fat Jif is 60% peanuts and has eight grams less fat per serving than the ...
Bjs Classic Combo Deep Dish. I wish it was a little roastier, but the balance of salty and sweet is spot on. Available for pick up in Central Arkansas. Mixture will separate slightly, this is ok. Peanut butter is rich in health benefits including essential nutrients, antioxidants, and increased heart, brain, digestive function. We have 55 gallon drums of peanut butter available!These barrels weigh approximately 400-500 pounds each. 13 offers from $21.67. 18 ct. Lance Peanut Butter & Jelly Crackers. Amount Per Serving. Peter Pan Crunchy Peanut Spread, 40 Ounces. Get products you love delivered on the same day by Instacart. Costcos got a two-pack of its proprietary Kirkland organic peanut butter for $9.99 - but theyre 28-ounce cans, not 48. Place small skillet or 8″ round pan over low heat and melt butter. In a medium bowl, stir peanut butter and sugar together until smooth. List of prices for all items on the BJs Restaurant & Brewhouse menu. Protein 10g * Add in the egg, then stir in the ...
3-INGREDIENT PEANUT BUTTER COOKIES AND 4-INGREDIENT PEANUT BUTTER CHOCOLATE CHIP COOKIES Recipe By Shirell Dalton, The Simple Chocolatier Prep: 3 minutes Cook Time: 7-8 minutes Yields 14 cookies Ingredients: For the 3-Ingredient version: 1 cup natural peanut butter (I used Aldis Peanut Delight Natural Creamy Peanut Butter) 1/4 cup unrefined pure cane sugar (I used Zulka Morena Pure…
One of the easiest sweet treats to make is a rice krispy treat. The basic recipe has only three ingredients - marshmallows, rice krispies (or other puffed rice cereal) and butter - and takes only a couple of minutes to mix together. As a marshmallow fan, I like them plain, but as a fan of easy to make treats, I appreciate how versatile these bars are. You can make them chocolate-flavored or dip them in chocolate, you can use other types of cereal in place of the plain rice cereal, and you can even use the bars as a base for a no-bake candy bar, as I did with this batch.. These rice krispies are topped with a layer of peanut butter and a layer of chocolate, giving them a rich peanut butter cup flavor that is a great contrast for the sweet, crunchy base. The peanut butter (I used a natural pb, but a national brand will work well here, too) layer is very slightly crumbly, much more similar to the interior of a peanut butter cup than to a layer of unadulterated peanut butter. The topping is a ...
We all know I am NOT a fan of peanut butter. Well, to qualify again, not normal peanut butter. I do have a soft spot for Peanut Butter & Companys Cinnamon Raisin Peanut Butter and Jifs new Salted Caramel Hazelnut is pretty amazing as peanut butter type spreads go. Youll notice I did NOT say it was to die for. I believe Ive mentioned before that that is one of those phrases that makes me want to gouge my eardrums out with a spoon. That one along with EVOO and Sammy. Damn you for your evil influence, Rachael Ray, damn you. But back on tangent, as much as it possible for me, no to die for…. I will only die for medium rare ribeyes and roasted brussel sprouts. I have my standards.. ...
The effect of Arachis hypogaea and Cajanus cajan diets on the serum lipid profile of 30 female albino rats were evaluated. The rats were separated into 5 groups of six rats each as follows: A- rats fed on normal feed, B - rats fed on 50% Arachis hypogaea diet, C- rats fed on 70% Arachis hypogaea, D - rats fed on 50% Cajanus cajan diet and E- rats fed on 70% Cajanus cajan. The study lasted for 28 days and at the end of the feeding experiment, the rats were bled and serum obtained used for total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triacylglycerol and VLDL assays using standard biochemical methods. The results of the study showed significant decrease (P,0.05) in total cholesterol, VLDL, LDL and triacylglycerol concentrations of rats feds on Cajanus cajan (groups D and E) when compared to those of the control (group A) and those fed on Arachis hypogaea diet (groups B and C). However, there was no significant difference (P,0.05) observed in the HDL levels of rats fed on Cajanus cajan and those of control (group ...
Looking for online definition of A. hypogaea in the Medical Dictionary? A. hypogaea explanation free. What is A. hypogaea? Meaning of A. hypogaea medical term. What does A. hypogaea mean?
Early and late leaf spots, the two fungal diseases of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) caused by Cercospora arachidicola Hori. and Phaeoisariopsis personata (Berk and Curt), respectively, cause severe groundnut crop losses in arid zone of West Africa. The objective of this study was to evaluate efficacy of aqueous extracts of four native plants species of Burkina (Lippia multiflora Moldenke, Boscia senegalensis (Pers.) Lam, Ziziphus mucronata Willd. and Securidaca longepedonculata L) against these diseases, on a susceptible groundnut variety (TS32-1) in the field during the cropping seasons of 2010 to 2012, in Gampela district in Burkina Faso. The four extracts (50 g dry weight per liter of distilled water) were sprayed by using a manual sprayer (Solo). Disease incidence and severity, defoliation rate, necrotic leaf area, pod yield, and 100 seed weight were evaluated. Disease score which attests to the severity of parasitic attack was done following ICRISATs disease score scale, which ranges ...
Citation: Dang, P.M., Rowland, D., Faircloth, W.H. 2009. Comparison of ELISA and RT-PCR assays for the detection of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) infection in peanut. American Peanut Research and Education Society Abstracts. 36:133-137. Interpretive Summary: Does not require. Technical Abstract: Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) plants infected with Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) can display a wide range of disease incidence and severity depending on the year and location. Diagnosis of TSWV infection can be accomplished using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) but there has been no report of a direct comparison of the success of the two techniques in evaluating infection rates of field-grown peanut plants. We collected peanut roots from field grown plants, 76 in 2006 and 48 for 2007, and subjected these samples to both ELISA and RT-PCR to test for the presence of TSWV. Out of 124 samples, 50 (40%) vs. 57 (46%) of the samples were ...
Nutrition facts: 200 calories 20 grams fat. Swap in your favorite nut butter in place of the almond, if you like. I love this flavor combination, but you can certainly customize the ingredients to make it your own . ** Nutrient information is not available for all ingredients. Its full of strawberries, bananas, and natural peanut butter. The smoothie is naturally sweetened from the strawberries and ripe banana. Add chia seeds for a nutritional boost. Chocolate Blueberry Peanut Butter Smoothie serves 1 . Whoever invented smoothies should get a medal. This smoothie is basically a drinkable dessert thats good for you too. 1/4 cup creamy peanut butter 1 cup unsweetened almond milk 1 cup frozen mixed berries (about 4.5 ounces) Pour into chilled glasses; if desired, garnish with additional peanut butter and fresh strawberries. 1 tsp Cocoa Powder. Prep Time. This strawberry blueberry smoothie recipe can be made with just 4 ingredients and a blender. For this smoothie in particular, the peanut butter ...
Peanut agglutinin (PNA) is plant lectin protein derived from the fruits of Arachis hypogaea. Peanut agglutinin may also be referred to as Arachis hypogaea lectin. Lectins recognise and bind particular sugar sequences in carbohydrates; peanut agglutinin binds the carbohydrate sequence Gal-β(1-3)-GalNAc. The name peanut agglutinin originates from its ability to stick together (agglutinate) cells, such as neuramidase-treated erythrocytes, which have glycoproteins or glycolipids on their surface which include the Gal-β(1-3)-GalNAc carbohydrate sequence. The protein is 273 amino acids in length with the first 23 residues acting and a signal peptide which is subsequently cleaved. It has a Uniprot accession of P02872. There are over 20 structures of this protein in the PDB which reveal and all beta-sheet protein with a tetrameric quaternary structure. It is a member of the Lectin_legB PFAM family. Available Structures of peanut agglutinin Because peanut agglutinin specifically binds a particular ...
Peanut allergy is one of the most serious of the immediate hypersensitivity reactions to foods in terms of persistence and severity of the reaction and appears to be a growing problem. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (IT) is currently being examined as a treatment option because of the persistence of this hypersensitivity reaction and the lack of effective treatment. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms of peanut-specific IT is vital to ensure the eventual, successful treatment of peanut-allergic patients.. The goal of this proposal is to develop peanut immunotherapy (IT) for patients with peanut allergic reactions. This innovative application is designed to utilize the extensive knowledge of the allergens involved in peanut hypersensitivity to devise an immunotherapeutic approach that would lower the risk of anaphylactic reactions and would down regulate peanut-specific T cells in peanut-allergic patients. Previous attempts to utilize peanut-specific immunotherapy have been unsuccessful ...
Dark Chocolate Peanut Butter Pie. SERVES 8. Three ingredients, one prepared piecrust: thats it. Mayims friend Joey told her about. this recipe, and it has become a standard in her house and in the homes of everyone she. has passed it on to. Its simple to make and tastes like a professional peanut butter cup.. Top it with sliced bananas, decorate it with vegan whipped cream, or just eat it straight. out of the pie dish. However you enjoy it, you will see why we just cant get enough of. this pie.. 2 cups vegan dark chocolate chips. 1½ cups creamy peanut butter. 1 (13.5-ounce) can coconut milk. Prepared vegan piecrust, preferably graham cracker. 1. Melt the chocolate chips in a glass bowl in the microwave, stirring twice, about. 3 minutes. Stir until the chocolate is completely melted. Stir in the peanut butter. and coconut milk until combined.. 2. Pour into the prepared piecrust and refrigerate until firm, about 2 hours.. ...
Peanut allergy is a common ailment in the United States. Research suggests that the prevalence of peanut allergy in the United States has doubled over the last 5 years. Currently, the only effective treatment for peanut allergy is a peanut-free diet and quick access to self-injectable epinephrine. This study will evaluate the safety of a rectally administered product, EMP-123, consisting of three recombinant modified peanut protein antigens encapsulated within dead E. coli. E. coli is a common bacterium found in everyones colon. E. coli acts like a package to hold the modified peanut proteins. EMP-123 is designed to act as an allergy vaccine with an eventual goal to induce tolerance to the major peanut proteins responsible for peanut allergy.. This study will involve weekly dosing and for females, a pregnancy test will occur at 48 hours before the start of product administration and later during the study. The study will involve two steps. Step 1 will enroll 5 healthy participants who will ...
Peanut allergies diminish with early expose, a new study says. The New England Journal of Medicine announced that when introduced at a young age, children who would likely develop peanut allergies did not contract them. The study was conducted at Kings College in London and involved 600 babies who were prone to allergies.. The babies either already had skin conditions such as eczema or had a family history of peanut allergies. The parents in the study had to feed their infant a peanut protein or avoid it. By five years of age, the children exposed to peanut proteins had significantly lower risk of developing peanut allergies. By eight years of age, most children never developed the allergy. Peanut allergies can be severe, causing anaphylaxis. This involves the inability to breathe because the throat closes up. For this reason, doctors have erred on the side of avoidance, cautioning parents to steer clear of the legume. A less severe reaction to peanut exposure includes hives, digestion problems ...
Check out the food score for Talenti Peanut Butter Vanilla Fudge Gelato Layers, Peanut Butter Vanilla Fudge from EWGs Food Scores! EWGs Food Scores rates more than 80,000 foods in a simple, searchable online format to empower you to shop smarter and eat healthier.
Youll never want another store bought peanut butter cup once youve tried this amazing treat. Two of our homemade peanut butter cup confections, made fresh with creamy peanut butter and milk chocolate candy. Packaged in a heat-sealed clear bag to ensure freshness. Bet you cant eat just one ...
Id just like to thank Dubba for taking one for the team and covering all of the other flavors before they were even available in my area. At least he saved me what could be possibly the best flavor out of the entire line for last. I mean, peanut butter and cookies are never a bad thing. That and Ive yet to have a Peanut Butter Pie frozen dessert that has disappointed me. Haagen-Dazs peanut butter pie seems to have become a permanent limited edition and is still a flavor I repeat purchase which says a lot. Haagen-Dazs and Edys are both owned by Nestlé so lets see if they can have the same luck when it comes to frozen custard ...
Enjoy this iconic candy with pieces of chocolate-covered peanut butter that are coated with a colorful candy shell. Peanut Butter M&Ms candies are a perfect addition for parties, baking, traveling, or your candy dish. Discover how M&Ms Peanut Butter Chocolate Candy makes everything more fun. Made with real pe
References would strengthen the article but none were submitted. To follow up on the article make a comment below or contact Barb Feick directly via her site.. Barbs article follows:. The is a summary of peanut allergy info so far Posted in Health, Peanut allergies on January 13th, 2009 - A basic review of what Ive covered in my previous blogs concerning peanut allergy which can be deadly.. Hypothesis: Vaccinations are the leading cause of peanut allergy. Infant formula, infant vitamins, and antibiotics that contain peanut products directly or indirectly may be secondary causes.. 1. Vaccines are given to create an immune response from the body. It only makes sense that the body treats anything in the vaccine as an invader that needs to have an antibody created to combat it. That is why we give vaccines. But if the vaccine has a trace of food in it such as egg or peanut, it only makes sense that the vaccine can cause a food allergy.. 2. Peanut oil is used in vaccines in adjuvants or as a ...
Light Ice Cream: Nonfat Milk, Sugar, Reeses Peanut Butter (Peanuts, Sugar, Peanut Oil, Dextrose, Salt, TBHQ [Preserves Freshness]), Corn Syrup, Milkfat, Whey, Maltodextrin, Propylene Glycol Monoesters, Cellulose Gum, Mono & Diglycerides, Cellulose Gel, Locust Bean Gum, Guar Gum, Polysorbate 80, Carrageenan, Caramel Color, Vitamin A Palmitate, Annatto (for Color). Reeses Peanut Butter Cup Pieces: Milk Chocolate (Sugar, Cocoa Butter, Chocolate, Nonfat Milk, Milkfat, Corn Syrup, Soy Lecithin, PGPR [Polyglycerol Polyricinoleate]), Peanuts, Sugar, Dextrose, Salt, TBHQ (Preserves Freshness). Milk Chocolate Flavored Coating: Coconut Oil, Sugar, Chocolate Liquor (Processed with Alkali), Milk, Whey, Soybean Oil, Cocoa (Processed with Alkali), Soy Lecithin, Artificial Flavor, and Salt.. ...
Wheat Flour (Bleached Wheat Flour, Malted Barely Flour, Niacin, Iron, Thiamin Mononitrate, Riboflavin, Folic Acid), Sugar, Palm Oil Margarine [Palm Oil, Water, Soybean Oil, Salt, Vegetable Mono & Diglycerides, Soy Lecithin, Sodium Benzoate (a preservative), Citric Acid, Natural and Artificial Flavor, Beta Carotene (color), Vitamin A Palmitate Added, Whey], Peanut Butter (Peanuts, Dextrose, Hydrogenated Cotonseed/Rapeseed Oil, Salt), Peanut Butter Cups [Milk Chocolate (Sugar, Cocoa Butter, Chocolate Liquor, Whole Milk Powder, Soy Lecithin, PGPR (Emulsifiers), Milk Fat, Vanilla), Peanuts, Sugar, Palm Kernal Oil, Lactose, Cornstarch, Salt, Soy Lecithin (an emulsifier), Natural Vanilla Extract], Pasteurized Whole Egg, Sugarcane Molasses, Baking Soda, Salt, Pure Vanilla Extract, Cellulose Gum, Lecithin, Annatto, ...
AbstractSeed storage protein profiles were studied to evaluate the genetic diversity of a germplasm collection of the Caulorrhizae section of genus Arachis. Total seed storage protein of 28 accessions of Arachis pintoi and one of A. repens, collected in the Paranã, São Francisco and Jequitinhonha ri
2 sticks softened butter. 1/2 cup granulated sugar. 1/2 cup packed light brown sugar. 2 eggs. 1 tablespoon vanilla. 2 1/4 cups all-purpose flour. 1 teaspoon baking soda. 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt. 4 oz box instant chocolate pudding mix. 10 oz bag peanut butter chips. 1 1/2 cups mini marshmallows. 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. and line a large baking sheet with parchment paper or line with a silpat liner.. 2. In a stand or electric mixer, beat butter and sugars until light and fluffy. Beat in egg and vanilla until well combined.. 3. Place flour, baking soda, and salt into a large bowl, mixing to combine. Slowly add to wet ingredients along with chocolate pudding mix, peanut butter chips and marshmallows. Mix until just combined. With a medium cookie scoop, place onto baking sheet and bake for 10 to 12 minutes, until cooked through. Let cool for 10 minutes on baking sheet before transferring.. Makes 3 dozen cookies. ...
Dr. Lack: Clearly early consumption of peanuts needs to occur in a safe manner. Peanut was never the first solid introduced into the infants diet but was only introduced once the infant had been accustomed to eating solids over at least a week. Whole peanuts were not given because of the risk of choking. The Israeli snack Bamba (a common puffed corn and peanut food) was commonly used. Peanut butter mixed with fruits in a purée was frequently eaten. Some babies had peanut soup.. Clearly this study has provided great information regarding the development of peanut allergies and the potential for prevention. Questions still remain and future studies will need to be conducted. Dr. Lack was careful to state that the results of the LEAP study answered some questions about those children at high risk for developing peanut allergies. He has an ongoing study called EAT (Enquiring About Tolerance) that will help answer the question about whether or not the results are the same for children without risk ...
Interpretive Summary: Aspergillus flavus (Link) accumulates carcinogenic aflatoxins in peanuts, mainly affecting immature kernels during drought. A. flavus can produce enzymes (laccases) able to degrade the mechanism of defense of peanut plants (phytoalexins). Though the genome of A. flavus is published, nothing is known about the possible role of A. flavus laccases on pathogenicity. In this work we used molecular tools (real-time PCR) to determine the regulation of A. flavus laccases in the presence of peanut kernels, peanut hulls and drought (low water potential). The fungal biomass was monitored as well as the phytoalexin content in peanut kernels. Some phytoalexins were identified as possible targets of A. flavus laccases. The significant up-regulation of expression of these enzymes under drought and in presence of sucrose could explain in part the higher incidence of carcinogenic aflatoxins in immature peanuts under drought conditions Technical Abstract: Aspergillus flavus (Link) ...
Peanut butter has tons of omega-6 fat, which can lead to wild, rampant inflammation (and red, swollen pimples that stick around for a long time). But thats just me - Sonia, for example, has no trouble with it!). Eating nuts, including peanut butter, may also lower your risk of developing diabetes in the future. It was recommended for me to take Lactoferrin with an iron supplement to properly increase my iron. Protein is found in every cell in the human body and plays an important role in: Producing hormones such as insulin and glucagon, which control blood sugar levels, Making enzymes that break down food or help blood clot normally, Growth and development from conception to early adulthood. No, youre not-youre allergic to the toxic … According to statistics from the Our World in Data website second place is currently held by Bahrain with 3.37 per cent, followed by the UK with 1.18 per cent. Ive also looked for a non-bovine ferritin supplement, but it seems I may need to take the bovine ...
What could be better than peanut butter and jelly ice cream? Youll love this sweet-salty combination of the peanut butter based ice cream, generously swirled with PB sauce & Grape jelly, loaded with soft cake crumbles! Back to school treats never tasted so sweet! Allergens:
Calories in Kashi Tlc Roasted Almond Crunch Granola Bar Peanut Butter. Find nutrition facts for Kashi Tlc Roasted Almond Crunch Granola Bar Peanut Butter and over 2,000,000 other foods in MyFitnessPal.coms food database.
Calories in Herbalife Protein Bar Choc Peanut Butter. Find nutrition facts for Herbalife Protein Bar Choc Peanut Butter and over 2,000,000 other foods in MyFitnessPal.coms food database.
Chocolate Milk png is about is about Reeses Peanut Butter Cups, Peanut Butter Cup, Reeses Pieces, White Chocolate, Candy. Chocolate Milk supports png. You can download 3320*1200 of Chocolate Milk now.
There are flavour and food combinations that resonate with everyone. Milk and chocolate sandwich cookies, bacon and eggs and to me especially Peanut Butter and Chocolate! I remember as a child enjoying a scoop or two of Peanut Butter and Chocolate ice cream from that 31 flavours ice cream shop. ;P Well now available in…
https://www.pbgrace.com/. Peanut Butter & Grace helps Catholic parents raise their kids in the faith.. The mission of Peanut Butter & Grace is to help Catholic parents raise children to be saints-that is, people who love Christ and his Church and take action to continue Christs mission in the world today.. We do this by providing digital and print resources that assist parents in forming their children in the faith within the daily life of their family.. ...
Lets cut to the chase, I know you just want the recipe ;) DARK CHOCOLATE PEANUT BUTTER CUPS 3 c (ish) dark chocolate chips (I used Enjoy Life to make these dairy free) 1/4 c (ish) peanut butter 1 tablespoon coconut oil *Youll also need mini muffin cups Directions: Melt chocolate chips and coconut oil…
Its not hard for me to say that this is a nice treat. What really floats my boat is the crunchy peanut butter swirls and how they play off the chocolate base. However, I dont think its as good as the Turkey Hill version (which happens to be one of my favorite flavors of all time). My problem would be that the rich chocolate doesnt seem that rich and the peanut butter is decent, but not blowing me away. The Turkey Hill swirl is tastier, saltier, grittier and oh so thick. Ive literally dug under a Turkey Hill swirl and brought up a huge chunk of ice cream with it. That happens here a bit, but on a much smaller scale. Overall, this one is definitely worth trying because in my book pb&c is always worth trying. Its just more mild than I expected (or prefer ...
Just because it isnt green doesnt mean it isnt good for you. If you love peanut butter and banana, then youll love this classic oatmeal smoothie recipe! The Greek yogurt and oats provide a thick and creamy texture while peanut butter adds healthy fat. And maple syrup adds calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus sodium, potassium, zinc and a touch of sweetness to your smoothie!
This keto peanut butter smoothie is thick, creamy and loaded with peanut butter flavor! This keto smoothie is like having dessert for breakfast- Dairy free!
1 box brownie mix, 8×8 inch size. 24 Oreo Cookies. 1/2 cup creamy peanut butter. 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. and line a 12 muffin cup baker with paper liners.. 2. Prepare brownie mix according to package directions. For each cupcake cup spread 1 teaspoon of peanut butter over 2 Oreo cookies and stack them on top of each other. Spoon 2 Tablespoons of brownie batter over each stacked oreos and let it run down the sides of the cookies. If you have left over brownie batter, bake separately in a separate baker or muffin tin. Bake cookies and brownies for 18 to 20 minutes, until brownies are cooked through. Let cool completely then serve.. Makes 12 servings. ...
Easy, delicious and healthy Peanut Butter Banana Protein Smoothie recipe from SparkRecipes. See our top-rated recipes for Peanut Butter Banana Protein Smoothie.
The person who did this should have won a Nobel Prize. Those Reeses Peanut Butter Cups and the Baskin Robins Peanut Butter and Chocolate ice cream are...
A ridiculously easy no-churn peanut butter ice cream with fudge swirl and Reeses peanut butter cups. No ice cream maker required for this deliciousness.
How to make money from a Groundnut oil production business Groundnuts originated in South America. They have different names such as earthnuts, peanuts, and goobers. Groundnut oil is edible vegetable oil, extracted from peanut kernels that are rich in antioxidant vitamin E. Groundnut oil is one of the healthiest cooking oils as it is low in saturated fats, rich in essential fatty acids, free. Get Price ...
Find and save ideas about Severe allergy symptoms on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Peanut allergy symptoms, Peanut allergy sign and Symptoms of peanut allergy.
Looking for peanut oil? Find out information about peanut oil. A yellow to greenish-yellow fatty oil obtained from peanuts; soluble in ether, chloroform, benzine, and carbon disulfide; main components are glycerides of... Explanation of peanut oil
About the ARTEMIS Study. ARTEMIS (AR101 Trial in Europe Measuring Oral Immunotherapy Success) evaluated the efficacy and safety of AR101 in 175 peanut-allergic participants aged 4 to 17 years who were enrolled at 18 sites in seven European countries (France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom). Study participants represented a highly allergic population with a high prevalence of comorbidities who reacted to low doses of peanut protein at screening DBPCFC. The primary endpoint was the patients ability to tolerate at least a 1,000 mg single dose of peanut protein (2,043 mg cumulative, equivalent to approximately seven peanut kernels) without dose-limiting symptoms when given the DBPCFC.. About Peanut Allergy. Peanut allergy is one of the most common food allergies, which affects over 17 million people in Europe.1 The prevalence of peanut allergy in Europe has doubled between 2005 and 2015, and around two-thirds of schools in Europe currently have at least one child at ...
Food allergies have become more and more common in the past two decades, but unlike allergies to egg, milk, or soy, nut allergies tend to persist in adulthood, say the researchers.. Studies referenced by the authors note that the quality of life among children with food allergies is worse than that of children with diabetes, and accidental exposure to the allergen affects 15 to 20 percent of children with a peanut allergy. Additionally, allergy to peanuts is the leading cause of anaphylaxis, which is a deadly allergic reaction.. In this context, the trial - which was carried out by Murdochs Children Research Institute and which ended in 2013 - and its follow-up results 4 years later provide much-needed hope for children with a peanut allergy that they will no longer need to watch out for accidental ingestion. The new treatment could allow them to eat peanuts without having to worry about the health risks.. The treatment consists of a combination of probiotics with peanut oral immunotherapy ...
Peanut oil is generally considered a very good oil to use for frying, as it has a high smoke point. For example, peanut oil is often used for deep-frying turkeys or preparing stir-fry recipes. Regular consumption of peanut oil can prevent skin aging, protect the vascular wall, and be helpful to prevent the arteriosclerosis and coronary heart disease. In addition, the choline in the peanut oil. Get Price ...
A medicine is now available to treat peanut allergy in children. The FDA-approved medicine is for children and teens ages 4 to 17. A child with a confirmed peanut allergy can start taking the medicine at age 4. Talk with your childs healthcare provider to find out if this medicine can help your child. If your child is taking this medicine, continue to make sure they dont eat any peanuts or peanut products. ...
Boiled peanuts are widely consumed and commercially available in an area of the Southern United States from North Carolina, south to central Florida, as far north as Ohio, and west to Mississippi. Per Serving. 1 g. Calories. Peanuts are a good source of protein. Canada. Search for Food . Bring the water to a boil. Wash the peanuts and place them in a pot. Joes Tasty Travels Milk Chocolate Dipped Peanuts. There are 89 calories in 1 33 nut serving of Boiled Peanuts. Apart whats in the raw peanuts nutrition facts table, use the peanuts calorie counter to calculate dietary and nutritional information for any amount of peanuts. There are 89 calories in 1 33 nut serving of Boiled Peanuts. Check the texture of the peanut at this point for doneness. Daily Goals. 5 g Fat. Calorie breakdown: 59% fat, 25% carbs, 16% protein. There are 89 calories in 1 33 nut serving of Boiled Peanuts. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Boiled Peanuts including 1 oz, in shell, edible yield and 1 33 ...
Degermed Yellow Corn Meal, Sugar, Peanut Butter (peanuts, sugar, peanut oil, salt, molasses, monoglycerides, corn starch), Dextrose, Palm Kernel Oil, Nonfat Milk, Modified Corn Starch. Contains 2% or less of: Cocoa Processed with Alkali, Partially Hydrogenated Soybean and Cottonseed Oil, Rice Bran Oil, Artificial Color, Salt, Soy Lecithin, Baking Soda, Distilled Monoglycerides, Yellow CornFlour, Natural and Artificial Flavor, Freshness Preserved by Calcium Propionate, Citric Acid, TBHQ and BHT. ...
The report is built using data and information traced from the researchers proprietary databases, company/university websites, clinical trial registries, conferences, SEC filings, investor presentations, and featured press releases from company/university web sites and industry-specific third-party sources, etc.. Peanut Allergy Pipeline. The overall dynamics of the Peanut Allergy market is anticipated to change in the coming years owing to the expected launch of emerging therapies. DBV Technologies, AnaptysBio, Roche, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Prota Therapeutics, Camallergy, HAL Allergy B.V., and others are also developing treatments for Peanut allergies. Viaskin Peanut (DBV Technologies) is developed by using proprietary Viaskin Peanut technology platform, which delivers biologically active compounds, including allergens, via intact skin. Therefore, it administers an allergen directly onto the superficial layers of the skin to activate the immune system by specifically targeting ...
The Arachis genus is endemic to South America. Cultivated peanuts (A. hypogaea) arose from a hybrid between two wild species of ... A warning sign for the presence of peanuts and peanut dust Arachis hypogaea flower Peanut pegs penetrating the ground Textural ... Ozcan MM (2010). "Some nutritional characteristics of kernel and oil of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)". J Oleo Sci. 59 (1): 1-5 ... Smith, Ben W. (January 1, 1950). "Arachis hypogaea. Aerial Flower and Subterranean Fruit". American Journal of Botany. 37 (10 ...
His PhD thesis in 1928 was on "Inheritance studies in Arachis hypogaea (the groundnut)." He travelled around Europe and met ... Badami, V. K. (1935). "Arachis hypogaea, Linn. Groundnut or Peanut, Original Habitat and its distribution in the world". ...
... on Arachis hypogaea". Journal of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring. 9: 73-76. Sijmons, P. C.; Grundler, F. M. W.; von ...
Arachis hypogaea). Animal life include cats, deer, collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), squirrels, cuinique (Spermophilus spp.), ...
"Plants Profile for Arachis hypogaea (peanut)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-01. "Peanut Country, U.S.A. , National Peanut ... As seen by the name, it affects Arachis hypogaea or peanuts. Peanuts are grown in warm areas, which determines where this ...
The larvae are a pest on Arachis hypogaea. They feed on the foliage of their host plant. mothphotographersgroup Bug Guide Life ...
"Crystal structure of stilbene synthase from Arachis hypogaea". Proteins. 60 (4): 803-6. doi:10.1002/prot.20584. PMID 16028220. ...
Dieckert, Julius Walter; Snowden, James E. (1960). "Subcellular distribution of substances in seeds of Arachis hypogaea". ...
Arachis hypogaea)". Weed Technology. 5 (4): 795-798. doi:10.1017/S0890037X0003387X. JSTOR 3986894. Quattrocchi, Umberto (2016- ...
The best-known example is the peanut, Arachis hypogaea. J. D. Skinner; Christian T. Chimimba (2005). "Order Tubulidentata". The ...
lanatus) - Bitter apple (Citrullus colocynthis) Peanut (Arachis hypogaea subsp. hypogaea) - Arachis duranensis Sunflower ( ...
"Palforzia, defatted powder of Arachis hypogaea L., semen (peanuts)". www.ema.europa.eu. European Medicines Agency. Retrieved 4 ... issued a favourable opinion for a medicinal product made from defatted powder of Arachis hypogaea. This medicine will be ...
The larvae feed on Arachis hypogaea (peanuts), Acacia sp., Cajanus cajan, Glycine max, Mangifera indica, Mimosa rubicaulis, ...
Bays, DC; Demski, JW (1986). "Bean yellow mosaic virus isolate that infects peanut (Arachis hypogaea)". Plant Disease. 70 (7): ... Arachis hypogaea), soybeans (Glycine max), Faba beans (Vicia faba), several species of clover (Trifolium hybridum, T. ...
Arachis hypogaea L. Argemone mexicana L. Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer Aristida adscensionis L. Aristida funiculata Trin. & ...
Arachis hypogaea Bidens pilosa Calophyllum inophyllum Cassia tora Dahlia sp. Eucalyptus sp. Eugenia jambos Ficus sp. Flemingia ...
... is plant lectin protein derived from the fruits of Arachis hypogaea. Peanut agglutinin may also be referred to as Arachis ... hypogaea lectin. Lectins recognise and bind particular sugar sequences in carbohydrates; peanut agglutinin binds the ...
It was first isolated from Arachis hypogaea root nodules in China. Its type strain is CCBAU 051107T (=CGMCC 1.12100T = HAMBI ... nov., isolated from effective nodules of Arachis hypogaea grown in China". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 36 (2): 101-105 ...
nov., isolated from effective nodules of Lablab purpureus and Arachis hypogaea". International Journal of Systematic and ...
The larvae feed on Arachis (including Arachis hypogaea), Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera, Calopogonium, Chrysanthemum indicum, ...
This article is a list of diseases of peanuts (Arachis hypogaea). Common Names of Diseases, The American Phytopathological ...
I. Biologische waarnemingen bij Arachis hypogaea L. II Bloembestuiving in West Java. III. Bewaring en verzending van zaden en ...
Ara h 1 is a seed storage protein from Arachis hypogaea (peanuts). It is a heat stable 7S vicilin-like globulin with a stable ... Holzhauser T, Vieths S (February 1999). "Indirect competitive ELISA for determination of traces of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L ... "The major glycoprotein allergen from Arachis hypogaea, Ara h 1, is a ligand of dendritic cell-specific ICAM-grabbing ...
... is a seed storage protein from Arachis hypogaea (peanuts). It is a heat stable 11S legumin-like globulin with a stable ...
Nagajyoti, P.C. (2008). "Heavy metal toxicity: Industrial Effluent Effect on Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Seedlings". ...
Arachis hypogaea) 40 Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 40). Its closest relatives are the diploid (2n = 2x = 20 ... Milla SR, Isleib TG, Stalker HT (2005). "Taxonomic relationships among Arachis sect. Arachis species as revealed by AFLP ...
Arachis hypogaea)". Phytochemistry. 23 (8): 1545-1549. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)83436-6. Biology portal v t e. ...
Arachis hypogaea) originated in South America where it has long been domesticated. More recently it has been cultivated in ...
"Peanut agglutinin from callus and cell suspension cultures of Arachis hypogaea L.". Plant Cell Reports. 14 (1): 50-54. doi: ...
Arachis hypogaea (kikiriki), Lathyrus odoratus (slatki grašak), Ceratonia siliqua (rogač) i Glycyrrhiza glabra (sladić). Veliki ...
Arachis *Arachis hypogaea (peanut). Health concerns. Toxins. Some kinds of raw beans contain a harmful tasteless toxin, lectin ...
Arachis hypogaea podzemnice olejná β-D-Gal-(1-3)-α-D-GalNAc-Ser/Thr (T-antigen) ...
Mnjugu (Arachis hypogaea) ni mmea wa mazao wa nusufamilia Faboideae katika familia Fabaceae unaozaa njugu (pia karanga), mbegu ...
Arachis hypogaea (mani), Ceratonia siliqua (carob), ken Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice). Adda dagiti sumagmamano a bilang dagiti ...
Arachis hypogaea L.). Je držiteľom certifikátu zo Schumacher College so zameraním na líderstvo a tímovú prácu.[2] ...
Freshly dug peanuts (Arachis hypogaea), indehiscent legume fruits. Grain legumes[2] are cultivated for their seeds, which are ... Some, like alfalfa, clover, vetch (Vicia), stylo (Stylosanthes), or Arachis, are sown in pasture and grazed by livestock. Other ...
Arachis hypogaea L.. Kikiriki. Fabaceae. Alopolploidno porujeklo. Potvrđeno. Arachis duranensis Krapov. et W.C. Greg. i A. ...
... such as Arachis hypogaea (peanuts). Capsules derived from two carpels include silicles and siliques that dehisce along two ...
Arachis hypogaea), pys per (Lathyrus odoratus) a licrs (Glycyrrhiza glabra). Gweler hefyd[golygu , golygu cod y dudalen]. * ...
Leucoyanidin can be found in Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse chestnut), Anacardium occidentale (Cashew, acajou), Arachis hypogaea ...
Arachis hypogaea). Being a legume capable of symbiosis with Rhizobia, the bacteria associated with the pigeon pea enrich soils ...
The larvae have been recorded on a wide range of plants, including Acacia koaia, Arachis hypogaea, Brassaia, Brassica oleracea ...
PSV was first named as a new disease of groundnuts or peanuts ( Arachis hypogaea ) in 1966. Disease symptoms on the above ... Arachis glabrata) in N. Florida and S. Georgia. Host range studies have shown that fourteen other plant families can be ...
Lycium barbarum Lycium chinense Arachis hypogaea This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups ...
Peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is a species in the pea family Fabaceae, native to South America. Peanut or Peanuts may ...
Arachis hypogaea, the peanut Arachis villosulicarpa, a perennial peanut species Vigna subterranea, the Bambara groundnut ...
... and Arachis hypogaea (peanut)-when evaluated as natural flocculants for the removal of turbidity, were as effective as ...
It is found in India (Sikkim, Assam) and Sri Lanka, Caterpillars are known to feed on Albizia and Arachis hypogaea. Yu, Dicky ...
Arachis hypogaea) and its most closely related wild species using intron sequences and microsatellite markers". Annals of ... Arachis†) Cashew (Anacardium†) Pecan (Carya) Black walnut (Juglans) Brazil nut (Bertholletia†) Cocoa (Theobroma†) Vanilla ( ...
... helodes Mart. ex Krapov. & Rigoni Arachis herzogii Krapov. et al. Arachis hoehnei Krapov. & W.C. Greg. Arachis hypogaea ... Arachis pintoi Krapov. & W.C. Greg. Arachis repens Handro Arachis archeri Krapov. & W.C. Greg. Arachis benthamii Handro Arachis ... hypogaea L. var. hirsuta J. Kohler var. hypogaea L. Arachis ipaensis Krapov. & W.C. Greg. Arachis kempff-mercadoi Krapov. et al ... Arachis hermannii Krapov. & W.C. Greg. Arachis major Krapov. & W.C. Greg. Arachis martii Handro Arachis oteroi Krapov. & W.C. ...
Arachis hypogaea). International Legume Database & Information Service: Arachis duranensis "Arachis duranensis" at the ... Arachis duranensis (syn. Arachis argentinensis Speg., Arachis spegazzinii M.Gregory & W.Gregory) is a herb found in South ...
Field experiments were carried out at the National Research Center farm, Nubaria area, Behura Governorate, Egypt, to study the effect of nitrogen source, flushing schedule and irrigation method on emitter clogging. Peanut Giza 5 variety (Arachishy pogaea L.) was planted in sandy soil during two successive growing seasons (2010-2011) in the 1st week of May and harvested after 130 days. Treatments used are: 1) two irrigation methods: surface drip irrigation and sub-surface drip irrigation (SDI; SSDI), 2) nitrogen source (NS):NH4NO3, (NH4)2SO4 and Ca(NO3)2 (NS1, NS2 and NS3) and 3) flushing number (FL) 0, 1 and 4 (FL1, FL2; FL3). The experiments design was split-split plot and three replicates were used. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. The main effects of treatments used on clogging per cent could be written the following ascending orders: SDI | SSDI, FL3 | FL2 | FL1, NS1 | NS2 | NS3. Concerning the 1st interaction the following ascending orders denote their effects on clogging
Arachis hypogaea. plate in:. Koehlers Medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen Abbildungen..... Gera (1883-1914). ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arachis_hypogaea&oldid=265148968" ... Arachis • Species: Arachis hypogaea L. ... Arachis hypogaea. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media ...
tr,A1DZE9,A1DZE9_ARAHY Conglutin 8 OS=Arachis hypogaea OX=3818 PE=2 SV=1 ...
Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: KIAC12M06, genomic survey sequence Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: KIAC12M06, genomic survey sequence ...
Arachis hypogaea L.. Taxonomic Serial No.: 26463 (Download Help) Arachis hypogaea TSN 26463 ...
Antiviral Activity of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Skin Extract Against Human Influenza Viruses. ...
Padmavathi TAV, Rao DM (2013) Differential accumulation of osmolytes in 4 cultivars of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under ... Jain AK, Basha SM, Holbrook CC (2001) Identification of drought responsive transcripts in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). ... Differential expression of leaf proteins in four cultivars of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under water stress. ... Arachis hypogaea L) cultivars with different tolerance to drought. Plant Physiol Biochem 45:236-243CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
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tr,A0A445E7K0,A0A445E7K0_ARAHY MADS-box domain-containing protein OS=Arachis hypogaea OX=3818 GN=Ahy_A02g005739 PE=4 SV=1 ...
Molecular cloning and characterization of annexin genes in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.).. [MeiJing He, XinLei Yang, ShunLi Cui ...
Arachis hypogaea) Cakes. Molecules 2016, 21, 716. AMA Style. Liu H, Jiang N, Liu L, Sheng X, Shi A, Hu H, Yang Y, Wang Q. ... Extraction, Purification and Primary Characterization of Polysaccharides from Defatted Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Cakes. Hongzhi ... "Extraction, Purification and Primary Characterization of Polysaccharides from Defatted Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Cakes." ... Extraction, Purification and Primary Characterization of Polysaccharides from Defatted Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Cakes. ...
Peanut oil is derived from the peanut (Arachis hypogaea), a legume that is rich in proteins, vitamins, phytochemicals, anti- ... Detection, Purity Analysis, and Quality Assurance of Adulterated Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea) Oils ...
Localization of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) root lectin (PRA II) on root surface and its biological significance. ...
Arachis hypogaea), a crop that is very sensitive to Fe deficiency, were studied in a pot experiment. The results showed that ... Arachis hypogaea), a crop that is very sensitive to Fe deficiency, were studied in a pot experiment. The results showed that ... Iron Oxide Nanoparticles as a Potential Iron Fertilizer for Peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Mengmeng Rui1,2, Chuanxin Ma3, Yi Hao1, ... Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) seeds of variety Kainong 15 were obtained from Kaifeng Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The seeds ...
Arachis Hypogaea) in Response to Drought. III. Developmental Processes† - Volume 24 Issue 2 - D. Harris, R. B. Matthews, R. C. ... Lenka D. & Misra P. K. (1973). Response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to irrigation. Indian Journal of Agronomy 18:492-497 ... Lee T. A. Jr, Ketring D. L. & Powell R. D. (1972). Flowering and growth response of peanut plants (Arachis hypogaea L. var. ... Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 34:1551-1561.. Lin H., Chen C. C. & Lin C. Y. (1963). Study of drought ...
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.), Resveratrol Synthase Gene, Expression Pattern Analysis, Subcellular Localization, Development ... 2005) Cloning and Sequence Analysis of Resveratrol Synthase DNA from Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Fujian Normal ... Arachis hypogaea L.). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 3619-3631. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.524378. ... A Novel Melanolytic Compound from the Peanut Skin of Arachis hypogaea. Journal of Receptors and Signal Transduction, 31, 374- ...
H. Fei and K. Chuihua, "Allelopathic potentials of Arachis hypogaea on crops," Journal of South China Agricultural University, ... X. K. Gao, G. J. Liu, and H. F. Li, "Study on allelopathic effects of Arachis hypogaea extracts on cucumber seeds," Northern ... Allelopathic Activity of Extracts from Different Brazilian Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Cultivars on Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) ... Arachis pintoi) e da erva-de-touro (Tridax procumbens) sobre a germinação de sementes de tomate (Solanum lycopersicum) e ...
Arachis hypogaea Abscisic-acid Response Element Binding Protein 1) is a member of the basic domain leucine zipper (bZIP)-type ... Arachis hypogaea AhAREB1; transcription factor; drought stress; Arachis hypogaea ... Li X-Y, Liu X, Yao Y, Li Y-H, Liu S, He C-Y, Li J-M, Lin Y-Y, Li L. Overexpression of Arachis hypogaea AREB1 Gene Enhances ... Li, X.-Y.; Liu, X.; Yao, Y.; Li, Y.-H.; Liu, S.; He, C.-Y.; Li, J.-M.; Lin, Y.-Y.; Li, L. Overexpression of Arachis hypogaea ...
Arachis hypogaea Abscisic-acid Response Element Binding Protein 1) is a member of the basic domain leucine zipper (bZIP)-type ... AhAREB1 (Arachis hypogaea Abscisic-acid Response Element Binding Protein 1) is a member of the basic domain leucine zipper ( ... Overexpression of Arachis hypogaea AREB1 Gene Enhances Drought Tolerance by Modulating ROS Scavenging and Maintaining ... Seeds of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. cv. Shanyou 523) were sown in growth medium (vermiculite, perlite and soil; 1:1:2) and ...
Key words: Arachis hypogaea L., genetics, host resistance, Meloidogyne spp., molecular markers, peanut root-knot nematode. ... Arachis hypogaea L.) in a root-knot nematode infested field. COAN and Florunner peanut cultivars were used as resistant and ... Molecular marker screening of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) germplasm for Meloidogyne arenaria resistance. Valéria Carpentieri- ...
Incidence of Aspergillus contamination of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Eastern Ethiopia. Abdi Mohammed. *Abdi Mohammed ...
Batch Scale Removal of an Organic Pollutant Amaranth Dye from Aqueous Solution using Pisum sativum Peels and Arachis hypogaea ... Higher KF value in case of Arachis hypogaea shells indicates greater physio-sorption instead of chemi-sorption. So, Arachis ... Arachis hypogaea shells ###51.53###213.54###10.94###12.57###13.77###14.26 Equations Here, Where KD is biosorption equilibrium ... Characteristics###Pisum sativum###Arachis hypogaea ###pH###7###5 Moisture content %###10###6.8 ###Ash %###3.4###4.40 ###VOC ...
Peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important, leguminous oilseed crop, which is cultivated mostly in the tropical ... Stress Inducible Expression of AtDREB1A Transcription Factor in Transgenic Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Conferred Tolerance to ... 2013). Coat protein-mediated transgenic resistance of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to peanut stem necrosis disease through ... 2007). Stress-inducible expression of AtDREB1A in transgenic peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) increases transpiration efficiency ...
Arachis hypogaea Herbal Therapy An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart, with ... Arachis hypogaea - L. / Peanut / Plants For A Future. (10). Sedative effects of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) leaf aqueous ... Arachis hypogaea / Synonyms / The Plant List (17) ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PEANUT (Arachis hypogaea) LECTIN AND STUDY ... Arachis hypogaea L. / Chinese names / Catalogue of Life, China. (14). Biological activity of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) ...
Arachis hypogaea) is Induced by Inoculation with Aspergillus flavus and Copurifies with a Conglutin-Like Protein... ... Infection of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) seed by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus is a serious problem that can result in ... β-1,3-Glucanase Activity in Peanut Seed (Arachis hypogaea) is Induced by Inoculation with Aspergillus flavus and Copurifies ...
ARACHIS-HYPOGAEA, PEANUT, TRANSFORMATION, AGROBACTERIUM-TUMEFACIENS, RESISTANT ALFALFA, GENE-TRANSFER, PLANTS, DNA, ... Regulation of transformation efficiency of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) explants by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Elisabeth A ... Some of the factors that modulate the transformation efficiency of regenerable tissues of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) were ... "Regulation of Transformation Efficiency of Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Explants by Agrobacterium Tumefaciens." Plant Science ...
Genotypic and environmental effects on fatty acid composition, iodine value and oil content of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) / ... title,Genotypic and environmental effects on fatty acid composition, iodine value and oil content of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L ... TI - Genotypic and environmental effects on fatty acid composition, iodine value and oil content of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L ... Genotypic and environmental effects on fatty acid composition, iodine value and oil content of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) / ...
Arachis hypogaea lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder from 10 mM ... Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA, Peanut Agglutinin) is isolated from peanuts by affinity chromatography. The lectin has 4 sub- ... Arachis hypogaea lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder from 10 mM NH4HCO3. ... Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA, Peanut Agglutinin) is isolated from peanuts by affinity chromatography. The lectin has 4 sub- ...
Biotin Conjugated Arachis hypogaea Lectin (Peanut) -PNA-, 1mg ... Arachis hypogaea Lectin Arachis hypogaea Gel -PNA- Immobilized ... SKU: BA-2301-1 Categories: Arachis hypogaea Lectin, Biotin Tags: lectin, PNA, Peanut-agglutinin, biotin, BA-2301-1 ... Biotin Conjugated Arachis hypogaea Lectin (Peanut) -PNA-, 1mg. Biotin Conjugated Arachis hypogaea Lectin (Peanut) -PNA-, 1mg ... Arachis hypogaea Lectin Colloidal Gold Conjugated Arachis hypogaea Lectin (Peanut) -PNA-, 1mL 40nm ...
SKU: H-2301-1 Categories: Horseradish Peroxidase, Arachis hypogaea Lectin Tags: lectin, PNA, Peanut-agglutinin, horseradish- ...
  • The Physiological Basis for Yield Differences between Four Genotypes of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea) in Response to Drought. (cambridge.org)
  • Growth, yield performance and market quality of groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea) as affected by cropping season in southern Sierra Leone. (cambridge.org)
  • Effect of drought during early reproductive development on the dynamics of yield development of cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Field Crops Research , Vol. 32, Issue. (cambridge.org)
  • Effect of drought during early reproductive development on growth of cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). I. Utilization of radiation and water during drought. (cambridge.org)
  • Differences in yield determining processes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes in varied drought environments. (cambridge.org)
  • With an objective of identification of highly informative set of SSR markers in cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), a total of 4485 markers were used for screening using a set of 20 parental genotypes of 15 mapping populations. (www.gov.uk)
  • Publications] MAEDA,K., M.SAKATA and S.MORITA: 'Agro-physiological Srudies on the Function of the Pericarp of the Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) 1.Long-Term Longevity of Unshelled-Seed and Its Cultivaral Difference' Japanese Journal of Crop Science. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Soil water deficit stress on bambara groundnut (vigna subterranea [L.] verdc) and groundnut (arachis hypogaea [L. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Kundy, Aloyce Callist (2019) Soil water deficit stress on bambara groundnut (vigna subterranea [L.] verdc) and groundnut (arachis hypogaea [L.]). PhD thesis, University of Nottingham. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Leguminous crops such groundnut (Arachis hypogaea (L.)) (GT) and bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc) (BGT) are grown in relatively dry, semi-arid areas and display a suit of drought resistance mechanisms that allow them to produce yield under low rainfall conditions. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea L.) is a major source of vegetable oil and protein. (confex.com)
  • Genetics, genomics and breeding of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L. (cgiar.org)
  • The peanut, also known as the groundnut, goober (US), pindar (US) or monkey nut (UK), and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inheritance Study of Aphid ( Aphis craccivora KOCH) and Rosette Resistance in Groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea L . (sciepub.com)
  • Musa V. H., Echekwu C. A., Yeye M. Y., Katung M. D., Iduh J.J. Otene, Ize O. Adava, Hamisu H. S. and Jibrin M. S.. Inheritance Study of Aphid ( Aphis craccivora KOCH) and Rosette Resistance in Groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea L .). World Journal of Agricultural Research . (sciepub.com)
  • His PhD thesis in 1928 was on "Inheritance studies in Arachis hypogaea (the groundnut). (wikipedia.org)
  • Effect of proteases on groundnut proteins (Arachis hypogaea L. (cftri.com)
  • Bhagya, S. and Srinivasan, K. S. and Prakash, V. (1993) Effect of proteases on groundnut proteins (Arachis hypogaea L.). Nahrung, 37 (6). (cftri.com)
  • and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) grown in soils collected from eight different sites (Hawassa, Wondogenet, Chofa, Badawacho, Bodity, Gofa, Ziway, and Alemtena) in Ethiopia with no known history of inoculation. (icrisat.org)
  • Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production is constrained by a myriad of biotic and abiotic stresses which necessitate the development and use of superior varieties for increased yield. (ijcmas.com)
  • Cultivated peanut or groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important crop for oil and protein source. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Groundnut ;Arachis Hypogaea L. (uofk.edu)
  • Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA, Peanut Agglutinin) is isolated from peanuts by affinity chromatography. (aniara.com)
  • Arachis hypogaea lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder from 10 mM NH 4 HCO 3 . (aniara.com)
  • Biotinylated Arachis hypogaea (Peanut) Lectin (PNA) has an appropriate amount of biotin bound to provide optimum detection characteristics when using an Avidin-HRP or Streptavidin-HRP conjugate. (glycomatrix.com)
  • Peanut agglutinin (PNA) is plant lectin protein derived from the fruits of Arachis hypogaea. (biotrend.com)
  • Peanut agglutinin may also be referred to as Arachis hypogaea lectin. (biotrend.com)
  • 1) The purification, composition, and specificity of the anti-T lectin from peanut (Arachis hypogaea). (medicago.se)
  • Here you will find information and further literature on Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA). (genaxxon.com)
  • Florunner peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) were subjected to 35 and 70-day drought periods during several growth stages (days after planting). (eurekamag.com)
  • Cultivated peanuts (A. hypogaea) arose from a hybrid between two wild species of peanut, thought to be A. duranensis and A. ipaensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arachis hypogaea agglutinin (PNA) is isolated from peanuts and purified by affinity chromatography. (h-h-c.com)
  • chis hypogaea L.) genotypes were evaluated. (scirp.org)
  • The objectives of this study were to examine biochemical stress responses for peanut plants (Arachis hypogaea L.) of four different genotypes (Spanish, Valencia, Virginia, and Runner) after exposure at various lengths to UV-B radiation and to examine the alteration of trigonelline biosynthesis due to the age of the plants. (scirp.org)
  • In the same time, the University of Georgia (UGA) submitted more than 1 million 454 sequence reads into NCBI Short Read Archive (SRA) ( http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject?term=PRJNA49471 ) for 17 Arachis hypogaea L. genotypes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Arachis genus is endemic to South America. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Arachis includes Arachis hypogaea (cultivated peanut) and wild species that are used in peanut breeding or as forage. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The microsatellite primers of A. hypogaea showed a very high rate of transferability to other species of the genus. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The origin and the diversity center of the genus Arachis are in South America [ 1 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Moretzsohn and colleagues [ 17 ] analyzing 36 species of Arachis observed the cross species amplification rate of A. hypogaea microsatellite primers was up 76% to species of section Arachis and up to 45% to species of the other eight section of genus Arachis . (beds.ac.uk)
  • H(002), seeds of Arachis hypogea macerted in the sap of Ficus capensis, VO. (africamuseum.be)
  • The oldest known archeological remains of pods have been dated at about 7,600 years old, possibly a wild species that was in cultivation, or A. hypogaea in the early phase of domestication. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objectives of this study were to develop A. hypogaea microsatellite loci and to evaluate the transferability of these markers to other Arachis species. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Sequencing of the fragments amplified using the primer pair Ah11 from 17 wild Arachis species showed that almost all wild species had similar repeated sequence to the one observed in A. hypogaea . (beds.ac.uk)
  • Sequence data suggested that there is no correlation between taxonomic relationship of a wild species to A. hypogaea and the number of repeats found in its microsatellite loci. (beds.ac.uk)
  • These primer pairs provide important tools to evaluate the genetic variability and to assess the mating system in Arachis species. (beds.ac.uk)
  • The extensive morphological variation in A. hypogaea has led to the identification of subspecies, although studies using molecular markers have found little polymorphism in the germplasm of this species [ 4 - 6 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid that contains genomes A and B, which are found in wild diploid species of section Arachis . (beds.ac.uk)
  • This duplication isolated A. hypogaea from the wild diploid species not allowing allele exchange with them. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Hopkins and colleagues [ 15 ] analyzed the genetic variation using six microsatellite primer pairs and 19 accessions of A. hypogaea and three accessions of wild Arachis species ( A. duranensis , A. ipaënsis , A. monticola ). (beds.ac.uk)
  • Mani / Arachis hypogaea Linn. (stuartxchange.com)
  • Arachis Hypogaea Top Quality Peanut Oil Material High Yield Nut Peanut Seeds Product Image Chinese Name Hua Sheng English Name Peanut Latin Name Arachis hypogaea Linn. (alibaba.com)
  • article{2110358, abstract = {Some of the factors that modulate the transformation efficiency of regenerable tissues of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) were examined, using a tumor induction system based on strain A281 harbouring a binary vector. (ugent.be)
  • EDTA-Fe) fertilizer on the growth and development of peanut ( Arachis hypogaea ), a crop that is very sensitive to Fe deficiency, were studied in a pot experiment. (frontiersin.org)
  • Publications] MAEDA,Kazumi: 'Occurrence and Its Mechanism of Single Stand Emergence by Unshelled-Seed Sowing of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)' Japanese Journal of Crop Science. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important crop for oil and protein production in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, Asia is the top region of peanut planting with the growing area of 11 million ha ( http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Subspecies A. h. hypogaea types spread more on the ground and have longer crop cycles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L., 2n = 4x = 40) is a major oilseed crop worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The peanut ( Arachis hypogaea ) is an important crop cultivated worldwide for oil production and food sources. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The seeds yield arachis oil, colorless and with a pleasant taste. (stuartxchange.com)
  • In order to study effects of humic acid foliar spraying and nitrogen fertilizer management on yield and yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). An experiment in factorial format based on randomized complete block design with three replications, during 2011 year in Astaneh Ashrafiyeh (north of Iran) was conducted. (oalib.com)
  • Identification of main effect and epistatic quantitative trait loci for morphological and yield-related traits in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. (icrisat.org)
  • Atherosclerosis, Cajanus cajan, Arachis hypogaea and Lipid Profile. (ajol.info)
  • Conclusion: The present study revealed that, peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) has effect on improvement of lipid profile by lowering serum TAG, LDL-C, TC levels and by increasing serum HDL-C level. (who.int)
  • X. K. Gao, G. J. Liu, and H. F. Li, "Study on allelopathic effects of Arachis hypogaea extracts on cucumber seeds," Northern Horticulture , vol. 9, pp. 16-18, 2013. (hindawi.com)
  • The effect of seeds desiccation and cryopreservation on amino acids content in embryonic axes of two Leguminosae of great economic importance, Phaseolus vulgaris L and Arachis hypogaea L, was studied. (upm.es)
  • H(139) , seeds Arachis hypogaea + almonds + fruits d'Ammodaucus leucotrichus + seeds Reseda villosa, VO. (africamuseum.be)
  • H. Fei and K. Chuihua, "Allelopathic potentials of Arachis hypogaea on crops," Journal of South China Agricultural University , vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 9-12, 2002. (hindawi.com)
  • Li X-Y, Liu X, Yao Y, Li Y-H, Liu S, He C-Y, Li J-M, Lin Y-Y, Li L. Overexpression of Arachis hypogaea AREB1 Gene Enhances Drought Tolerance by Modulating ROS Scavenging and Maintaining Endogenous ABA Content. (mdpi.com)
  • Desiccation method and cryoconservation affects amino acids composition of embryonic axes of Phaseolus vulgaris L and Arachis hypogaea L. (upm.es)
  • Meanwhile, Illumina transcriptome sequencing of Arachis hypogaea L. has been conducted by Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and generated about 70 million reads. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As a public genomic database that integrates transcript data from Sanger, 454 and Illumina, PeanutDB currently focuses on the transcriptome analysis of Arachis hypogaea . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recombinant Arachis hypogaea allergen 2 protein (N127Q), fused to His-tag at C-terminus, was expressed in Pichia pastoris and purified by HPLC gel filtration. (creativebiomart.net)
  • Fruiting peanut plants ( Arachis hypogaea L.) were grown in pots of soil with some roots extending through the drainage hole into jars of water. (sciencesocieties.org)
  • Arachis hypogaea agglutinin (PNA) is purified by affinity chromatography and is consisting of four subunits of approximately 27,000 each. (glycomatrix.com)
  • Seven lectins were used in this study: Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), concanavalin A (Con A), Lens culinaris (LcH), Glycine max (SBA), Arachis hypogaea (PNA), Lotus tetragonolobus (LTA). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The observed restriction in genetic variation limits the use of several approaches, such as molecular marker-assisted selection and the construction of a molecular map that are essential tools in A. hypogaea breeding. (beds.ac.uk)
  • These authors have observed that despite the low frequency of polymorphism found in A. hypogaea , these microsatellite loci were very informative and could provide a useful tool to identify and partition genetic variation in the cultivated peanut. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Supplementary Material for: Cloning and Characterization of Chromosomal Markers from a Cot-1 Library of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. (figshare.com)
  • Microsatellites as DNA markers in cultivated peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The level of variation found in A. hypogaea using microsatellites was higher than with other markers. (beds.ac.uk)
  • A higher level of variation among A. hypogaea accessions can be detected using microsatellite markers in comparison to other markers, such as RFLP, RAPD and AFLP. (beds.ac.uk)
  • 3)GalNAc and desialylated human erythrocyte N-substance (T-antigen which is present in many M and N blood groups) are potent inhibitors of PNA.Although extracts of Arachis hypogaea do not agglutinate untreated or trypsin-treated human erythrocytes, PNA has been known to agglutinate neuraminidase-treated human red blood cells. (glycomatrix.com)
  • Although extracts of Arachis hypogaea do not agglutinate untreated or trypsin-treated human erythrocytes, PNA has been known to agglutinate neuraminidase-treated human red blood cells. (glycomatrix.com)
  • As in July 15, 2011, there were a total of 198,156 nucleotide sequences for Arachis hypogaea in NCBI GenBank ( http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore?term=txid3818 ), including 39,852 Nucleotide (Core Nucleotide Sequences), 150,177 ESTs (Expressed Sequence Tags), and 8,125 GSSs (Genome Survey Sequences). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The ratio of monounsaturated oleic fatty acid to polyunsaturated linoleic fatty acid (O/L) and the associated agronomic traits were profiled for local peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars and accessions in Botswana. (usda.gov)
  • Third International Conference of the Peanut Research Community on Advances in Arachis through Genomics and Biotechnology(AAG-2008) 4-8 November 2008, ICRISAT, Hydrerabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. (sciepub.com)
  • H(139) sexual incapacity, to cook Arachis hypogaea and Aristida junciformis subsp. (africamuseum.be)
  • Arachis hypogaea L. belongs to leguminous family with a rich source of proteins and oils. (ikprress.org)
  • Cloning, Expression Pattern Analysis and Subcellular Localization of Resveratrol Synthase Gene in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. (scirp.org)
  • Thirteen loci were isolated and characterized using 16 accessions of A. hypogaea . (beds.ac.uk)
  • The morphological variation observed among accessions of A. hypogaea is most probably due to the variation in few genes [ 9 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Fergurson and colleagues [ 16 ] developed 226 microsatellite primer pairs for A. hypogaea and from the 192 that amplified well 110 putative loci showed polymorphism in a diverse array of 24 cultivated peanut accessions. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Infection of peanut ( Arachis hypogaea ) seed by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus is a serious problem that can result in aflatoxin contamination in the seed. (apsnet.org)
  • Batch Scale Removal of an Organic Pollutant Amaranth Dye from Aqueous Solution using Pisum sativum Peels and Arachis hypogaea Shells as Adsorbents. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Peels of Pisum sativum (Pea) and Arachis hypogaea (Peanut) were utilized to investigate their dye removing capacity. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Kinetic studies indicated that adsorption of Amaranth dye from aqueous medium by Pisum sativum peels and Arachis hypogaea shells followed pseudo-seconder order kinetics. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • It was concluded that Pisum sativum peels are more effective adsorbent for removal of Amaranth from aqueous solution as compared to Arachis hypogaea shells. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Molecular cloning and characterization of annexin genes in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The latin term hypogaea refers to this "below+ground" growth of the pod. (peanutbase.org)
  • Genotypic and environmental effects on fatty acid composition, iodine value and oil content of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L. (biodiversitylibrary.org)
  • Fatty acid composition of oil extracted from peanut ( Arachis hypogaea L.) seed is an important quality trait because it may affect the flavor and shelf life of resulting food products. (biomedcentral.com)