Arachis hypogaea: A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.Peanut Agglutinin: Lectin purified from peanuts (ARACHIS HYPOGAEA). It binds to poorly differentiated cells and terminally differentiated cells and is used in cell separation techniques.2S Albumins, Plant: A major class of water-soluble seed storage proteins. Many proteins from this class are major PLANT ALLERGENS.Lectins: Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.Plant Lectins: Protein or glycoprotein substances of plant origin that bind to sugar moieties in cell walls or membranes. Some carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) from PLANTS also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. Many plant lectins change the physiology of the membrane of BLOOD CELLS to cause agglutination, mitosis, or other biochemical changes. They may play a role in plant defense mechanisms.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Genome, Plant: The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Glycoconjugates: Carbohydrates covalently linked to a nonsugar moiety (lipids or proteins). The major glycoconjugates are glycoproteins, glycopeptides, peptidoglycans, glycolipids, and lipopolysaccharides. (From Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents, 2d ed; From Principles of Biochemistry, 2d ed)Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Trypsin Inhibitors: Serine proteinase inhibitors which inhibit trypsin. They may be endogenous or exogenous compounds.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Annexins: Family of calcium- and phospholipid-binding proteins which are structurally related and exhibit immunological cross-reactivity. Each member contains four homologous 70-kDa repeats. The annexins are differentially distributed in vertebrate tissues (and lower eukaryotes) and appear to be involved in MEMBRANE FUSION and SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Piezosurgery: The use of HIGH-ENERGY SHOCK WAVES, in the frequency range of 20-30 kHz, to cut through mineralized tissue.Tooth Root: The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)Subgingival Curettage: Removal of degenerated and necrotic epithelium and underlying connective tissue of a periodontal pocket in an effort to convert a chronic ulcerated wound to an acute surgical wound, thereby insuring wound healing and attachment or epithelial adhesion, and shrinkage of the marginal gingiva. The term is sometimes used in connection with smoothing of a root surface or ROOT PLANING. (Jablonski; Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Plant Root Cap: A cone-shaped structure in plants made up of a mass of meristematic cells that covers and protects the tip of a growing root. It is the putative site of gravity sensing in plant roots.Gene Amplification: A selective increase in the number of copies of a gene coding for a specific protein without a proportional increase in other genes. It occurs naturally via the excision of a copy of the repeating sequence from the chromosome and its extrachromosomal replication in a plasmid, or via the production of an RNA transcript of the entire repeating sequence of ribosomal RNA followed by the reverse transcription of the molecule to produce an additional copy of the original DNA sequence. Laboratory techniques have been introduced for inducing disproportional replication by unequal crossing over, uptake of DNA from lysed cells, or generation of extrachromosomal sequences from rolling circle replication.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Stilbenes: Organic compounds that contain 1,2-diphenylethylene as a functional group.Abscisic Acid: Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Syringa: A plant genus of the family OLEACEAE. Oleuropein has been identified in the stem bark.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Sesamum: A plant genus of the family PEDALIACEAE that is the source of the edible seed and SESAME OIL.Agrobacterium: A genus of gram negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, plants, and marine mud.Plant Somatic Embryogenesis Techniques: The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Ferritins: Iron-containing proteins that are widely distributed in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Their major function is to store IRON in a nontoxic bioavailable form. Each ferritin molecule consists of ferric iron in a hollow protein shell (APOFERRITINS) made of 24 subunits of various sequences depending on the species and tissue types.Peanut Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to peanuts that is triggered by the immune system.Alkaline Phosphatase: An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.1.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Longevity: The normal length of time of an organism's life.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Fertilizers: Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.Humic Substances: Organic matter in a state of advanced decay, after passing through the stages of COMPOST and PEAT and before becoming lignite (COAL). It is composed of a heterogenous mixture of compounds including phenolic radicals and acids that polymerize and are not easily separated nor analyzed. (E.A. Ghabbour & G. Davies, eds. Humic Substances, 2001).Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.

Molecular cloning and epitope analysis of the peanut allergen Ara h 3. (1/491)

Peanut allergy is a significant IgE-mediated health problem because of the increased prevalence, potential severity, and chronicity of the reaction. Following our characterization of the two peanut allergens Ara h 1 and Ara h 2, we have isolated a cDNA clone encoding a third peanut allergen, Ara h 3. The deduced amino acid sequence of Ara h 3 shows homology to 11S seed-storage proteins. The recombinant form of this protein was expressed in a bacterial system and was recognized by serum IgE from approximately 45% of our peanut-allergic patient population. Serum IgE from these patients and overlapping, synthetic peptides were used to map the linear, IgE-binding epitopes of Ara h 3. Four epitopes, between 10 and 15 amino acids in length, were found within the primary sequence, with no obvious sequence motif shared by the peptides. One epitope is recognized by all Ara h 3-allergic patients. Mutational analysis of the epitopes revealed that single amino acid changes within these peptides could lead to a reduction or loss of IgE binding. By determining which amino acids are critical for IgE binding, it might be possible to alter the Ara h 3 cDNA to encode a protein with a reduced IgE-binding capacity. These results will enable the design of improved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for food-hypersensitivity reactions.  (+info)

Strain-dependent induction of allergic sensitization caused by peanut allergen DNA immunization in mice. (2/491)

To investigate the potential application of allergen gene immunization in the modulation of food allergy, C3H/HeSn (C3H) mice received i.m. injections of pAra h2 plasmid DNA encoding one of the major peanut allergens, Ara h2. Three weeks following pDNA immunization, serum Ara h2-specific IgG2a, IgG1, but not IgE, were increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner. IgG1 was 30-fold higher in multiply compared with singly immunized mice. Ara h2 or peanut protein injection of immunized mice induced anaphylactic reactions, which were more severe in multiply immunized mice. Heat-inactivated immune serum induced passive cutaneous anaphylaxis, suggesting that anaphylaxis in C3H mice was mediated by IgG1. IgG1 responses were also induced by intradermal injection of pAra h2, and by i.m. injection of pOMC, the plasmid DNA encoding the major egg allergen protein, ovomucoid. To elucidate whether the pDNA immunization-induced anaphylaxis was a strain-dependent phenomenon, AKR/J and BALB/c mice also received multiple i.m. pAra h2 immunizations. Injection of peanut protein into these strains at weeks 3 or 5 following immunization did not induce reactions. Although IgG2a was increased significantly from week 2 in AKR/J mice and from week 4 in BALB/c mice and remained elevated for at least 6 wk, no IgG1 or IgE was detected. These results indicate that the type of immune responses to pDNA immunization in mice is strain dependent. Consequently, models for studying human allergen gene immunization require careful selection of suitable strains. In addition, this suggests that similar interindividual variation is likely in humans.  (+info)

Regional differences in production of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid by soil isolates of aspergillus flavus along a transect within the United States. (3/491)

Soil isolates of Aspergillus flavus from a transect extending from eastern New Mexico through Georgia to eastern Virginia were examined for production of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid in a liquid medium. Peanut fields from major peanut-growing regions (western Texas; central Texas; Georgia and Alabama; and Virginia and North Carolina) were sampled, and fields with other crops were sampled in regions where peanuts are not commonly grown. The A. flavus isolates were identified as members of either the L strain (n = 774), which produces sclerotia that are >400 micrometer in diameter, or the S strain (n = 309), which produces numerous small sclerotia that are <400 micrometer in diameter. The S-strain isolates generally produced high levels of aflatoxin B1, whereas the L-strain isolates were more variable in aflatoxin production; variation in cyclopiazonic acid production also was greater in the L strain than in the S strain. There was a positive correlation between aflatoxin B1 production and cyclopiazonic acid production in both strains, although 12% of the L-strain isolates produced only cyclopiazonic acid. Significant differences in production of aflatoxin B1 and cyclopiazonic acid by the L-strain isolates were detected among regions. In the western half of Texas and the peanut-growing region of Georgia and Alabama, 62 to 94% of the isolates produced >10 microgram of aflatoxin B1 per ml. The percentages of isolates producing >10 microgram of aflatoxin B1 per ml ranged from 0 to 52% in the remaining regions of the transect; other isolates were often nonaflatoxigenic. A total of 53 of the 126 L-strain isolates that did not produce aflatoxin B1 or cyclopiazonic acid were placed in 17 vegetative compatibility groups. Several of these groups contained isolates from widely separated regions of the transect.  (+info)

Definitive diagnosis of nut allergy. (4/491)

OBJECTIVE: To compare findings of tests for nut allergy in children. DESIGN: Retrospective survey of a clinical practice protocol. SETTING: Children's hospital paediatric outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: 96 children referred by general practitioners and accident and emergency doctors over 27 months (1994-96). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Allergic manifestations (generalised urticarial rash, facial swelling, bronchospasm, anaphylactic shock, vomiting on three occasions) related to specific nut IgE concentrations and following touch, skin prick, or oral ingestion of nuts. RESULTS: 16 children from a sample of 51 who were tested for nut allergy had no reaction to an oral challenge. Positive IgE against peanuts was found in nine of these 16 children. CONCLUSIONS: Skin prick testing and IgE measured by radioallergosorbent testing are inadequate tests for nut allergy. The definitive diagnostic test for nut allergy in the hospital setting is direct oral challenge.  (+info)

Optical imaging of odorant representations in the mammalian olfactory bulb. (5/491)

We adapted the technique of intrinsic signal imaging to visualize how odorant concentration and structure are represented spatially in the rat olfactory bulb. Most odorants activated one or more glomeruli in the imaged region of the bulb; these optically imaged responses reflected the excitation of underlying neurons. Odorant-evoked patterns were similar across animals and symmetrical in the two bulbs of the same animal. The variable sensitivity of individual glomeruli produced distinct maps for different odorant concentrations. Using a series of homologous aldehydes, we found that glomeruli were tuned to detect particular molecular features and that maps of similar molecules were highly correlated. These characteristics suggest that odorants and their concentrations can be encoded by distinct spatial patterns of glomerular activation.  (+info)

The first triple gene block protein of peanut clump virus localizes to the plasmodesmata during virus infection. (6/491)

The subcellular localization of the first triple gene block protein (TGBp1) of peanut clump pecluvirus (PCV) was studied by subcellular fractionation and immunogold cytochemistry using TGBp1-specific antibodies raised against a fusion protein expressed in and purified from bacteria. In the inoculated and apical leaves of virus-infected Nicotiana benthamiana, TGBp1 localized to the cell wall and P30 fractions. Electron microscopy of immunogold-decorated ultrathin sections of the infected leaf tissue revealed TGBp1-specific labeling of the plasmodesmata joining mesophyll cells. In longitudinal sections of the plasmodesmata, the TGBp1-specific labeling was most commonly associated with the plasmodesmal collar region. In transgenic N. benthamiana, which constitutively expressed TGBp1, no TGBp1-specific immunogold labeling of plasmodesmata was observed, but plasmodesmata were gold decorated when the transgenic plants were infected with a TGBp1-defective PCV mutant, indicating that factors induced by the virus infection target and/or anchor the transgene TGBp1 to the plasmodesmata.  (+info)

Response to influenza vaccine in adjuvant 65-4. (7/491)

A comparison was made of the antibody response and subjective reactions to zonally-purified influenza vaccine in aqueous suspension and in peanut oil adjuvant 65-4. Both preparations contained 700 CCA units of A/Aichi/2/68, and 300 CCA units of B/Mass/1/71. Subjective reactions were recorded by asking the volunteers to complete a record daily for 5 days. Pain at the injection site was recorded by 64 per cent of the recipients of the oil adjuvant vaccine compared with 35 per cent of the aqueous recipients, but local redness was more frequent after aqueous vaccine. Systemic symptoms was recorded a little more frequently after aqueous than oil adjuvant vaccine. When measured 71/2 weeks after a single dose of vaccine, the HAI geometric mean antibody titre (G.M.T) to the A/Hong Kong/1/68 antigen (antigenically similar to the A/Aichi/2/68 antigen in the vaccine) increased 2-7 fold after aqueous and 16-4 fold after adjuvant vaccine. Sixty-two weeks after vaccination the antibody titres remained higher in those given adjuvant vaccine. The G.M.T. to B/Mass/1/71 increased 1-9 fold 71/2 weeks after aqueous vaccine and 3-7 fold after adjuvant vaccine. The antibody response to both influenza A and B antigens was broader in the recipients of adjuvant vaccine. The G.M.T. to A/England/42/72 increased 2-8-fold after aqueous and 13-fold after adjuvant vaccine; and to B/England/847/73 it increased 1-3-fold after aqueous and 1-9-fold after adjuvant vaccine.  (+info)

Cross-reaction of chalcone synthase and stilbene synthase overexpressed in Escherichia coli. (8/491)

Chalcone synthase (CHS) and stilbene synthase (STS) are related plant polyketide synthases belonging to the CHS superfamily. CHS and STS catalyze common condensation reactions of p-coumaroyl-CoA and three C(2)-units from malonyl-CoA but different cyclization reactions to produce naringenin chalcone and resveratrol, respectively. Using purified Pueraria lobata CHS and Arachis hypogaea STS overexpressed in Escherichia coli, bisnoryangonin (BNY, the derailed lactone after two condensations) and p-coumaroyltriacetic acid lactone (the derailed lactone after three condensations) were detected from the reaction products. More importantly, we found a cross-reaction between CHS and STS, i.e. resveratrol production by CHS (2.7-4.2% of naringenin) and naringenin production by STS (1.4-2.3% of resveratrol), possibly due to the conformational flexibility of their active sites.  (+info)

Fauziah Ivo Rambe, "Keragaman Genetik; Beberapa Sifat Kuantitatif Tanaman Kacang Tanah {Arachis hypogaea L.) Pada Tiga Lingkungan Tumbuh", dibawah bimbingan : Ir. Hasmawi Hasyim MS sebagai ketua komisi! pembimbing dan Ir. Yusuf Husni sebagai anggota komisi pembimbing. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di jalan Selambo III Kecamatan Medan Amplas dengan ketinggian ± 25 m dpi. Tujuan penelitian adalah ,untuk mengetahui tingkat keragaman beberapa sifat kuantitatif tanaman kacang tanah {Arachis hypogaea L.) pada tiga lingkungan tumbuh. Penelitian ini dimulai sejak bulan Oktober 2001 sampai dengan awal Januari 2002. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan petak terpisah dengan dua faktor dan empat ulangan. Tiga lingkungan tumbuh sebagai faktor utama yaitu : Li = Populasi kacang tanah. L2 = Populasi tanaman kacang tanah : populsi jagung = 6:2 L3 = Populasi kacang tanah : populasi jagung = 6:4 Varietas sebagai anak petak terdiri atas 10 varietas yaitu : Vi = Varietas Gajah I V2 = Varietas Kelinci V3 = ...
Fruiting peanut plants ( Arachis hypogaea L.) were grown in pots of soil with some roots extending through the drainage hole into jars of water. Supplying 45Ca to the water in these jars for 2 to 4 days resulted in calcium uptake and translocation primarily to the vegetative portions of the plants, as measured by autoradiographs. When fruit of plants, having 45Ca supplied as described above, were lifted from the fruiting medium and exposed to the atmosphere to promote water loss from transpiration, radioactive calcium moved readily into them, while only traces of 45Ca were detected in fruit remaining in the soil.. Peanut plants were grown so that the fruiting medium, consisting of nutrient free sand, was isolated from the rooting medium to study the effects on fruit development of varying water and calcium in the fruiting zone. Omission of water or intermittent watering of the fruiting medium resulted in an increased percentage of dead gynophores (pegs or fruiting stalks). Omission of calcium ...
In order to study effects of humic acid foliar spraying and nitrogen fertilizer management on yield and yield components of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). An experiment in factorial format based on randomized complete block design with three replications, d...
Arachis villosulicarpa is a perennial peanut species, which is cultivated by indigenous people in Mato Grosso, a state of Brazil. Its wild progenitor is thought to be Arachis pietrarellii. Although it is related to the common peanut, Arachis hypogaea, it was separately domesticated: A. villosulicarpa is diploid, whereas A. hypogaea is tetraploid. It is one of several species that might be used as gene source for plant breeding to improve the important cultivated peanut Arachis hypogaea. List of domesticated plants Galgaro, L.; Montenegro Valls, J. F.; Lopes, C. R. (1997). "Study of the genetic variability and similarity among and within Arachis villosulicarpa, A. pietrarellii and A. hypogaea through isoenzyme analysis". Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 44: 9. doi:10.1023/A:1008609115357. Wynne, J. C.; Beute, M. K.; Nigam, S. N. (1991). "Breeding for Disease Resistance in Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea L.)". Annual Review of Phytopathology. 29: 279. doi:10.1146/annurev.py.29.090191.001431. ...
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Arachis hypogaea agglutinin (PNA) is isolated from peanuts and purified by affinity chromatography. PNA is homogeneous by SDS-PAGE, consisting of four subunits of approximately 27, 000 each. This lectin has an isoelectric point between pH 5.5 and pH 6.5. It has a carbohydrate specificity for Gal3GalNAc with an eluting sugar of galactose. Galactose and lactose are poor inhibitors while disaccharide Gal (1- 3)GalNAc and desialylated human erythrocyte N-substance (T-antigen which is present in many M and N blood groups) are potent inhibitors of PNA.Although extracts of Arachis hypogaea do not agglutinate untreated or trypsin-treated human erythrocytes, PNA has been known to agglutinate neuraminidase-treated human red blood cells. PNA may be used for clinical determination of T-polyagglutinability of erythrocytes and probing cell membranes of normal and malignant cells. This lectin can be of use in characterization of tumor-specific antigens on the surface of malignant cells. It can be employed in ...
Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA, Peanut Agglutinin) is isolated from peanuts by affinity chromatography. The lectin has 4 sub-units and a molecular weight of 110 kDa. PNA is a carbohydrate-free protein that displays specificity towards Beta-D-Gal(1-3)-D-galNAc. It has potent anti-T activity and can be used to distinguish between human lymphocyte subsets. PNA has been used in tumour tissue determination for transitional mucosa malignancies. Arachis hypogaea lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder from 10 mM NHsub4HCOsub3. For laboratory use only.
Objective: A field experiment was conducted in order to study the effect of phosphorus and manure application on agronomic performance and seed yield of groundnut. Methods: Factorial combination of two groundnut varieties (Werer 962 and Oldhale), Three rates of phosphorus (0, 90 and 180 kg P2O5 ha-1) and three rates of manure (0, 5 and 10 ton ha-1) were laid out in randomized complete block design with three replication. Results: The combined application of 180 kg P2O5 ha-1 and 10 ton manure ha-1 resulted in the highest number of pods per plant and seed yield. The increase in number of pods per plant and seed yield at the highest combined application rates of the two fertilizers were 40 and 60%, compared to the control of the two fertilizers. Generally, the present study has shown that the integrated use of manure (10 ton ha-1) and inorganic phosphorus (180 kg P2O5 ha-1) fertilizer resulted in highest seed yield of groundnut compared to the application of either fertilizer alone.
Peanut, an important oilseed crop, is gaining priority for the development of drought tolerant genotypes in recent times, since the area under drought is constantly on the rise. To achieve this, one of the important strategies is to genetically engineer the ruling peanut varieties using transcription factor regulating the expression of several downstream, abiotic-stress responsive gene(s). In this study, eight independent transgenic peanut (cv. GG20) lines were developed using AtDREB1A gene, encoding for a transcription factor, through Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. The transgene insertion was confirmed in (T0) using PCR and Dot-blot analysis, while copy-number(s) was ascertained using Southern-blot analysis. The inheritance of AtDREB1A gene in individual transgenic plants (T1 and T2) was confirmed using PCR. In homozygous transgenic plants (T2), under soil-moisture deficit stress, elevated level of AtDREB1A transgene expression was observed by RT-PCR assay. The transgenic plants at 45-d
Resveratrol synthase (RS) is a key enzyme that plays a critical role in the resveratrol synthesis pathway. In this study, six RS genes were isolated and characterized from peanut variety
A recent approach to detecting genetic polymorphism involves the amplification of genomic DNA using single primers of arbitrary sequence. When separated electrophoretically in agarose gels, the...
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [MeiJing He, XinLei Yang, ShunLi Cui, GuoJun Mu, MingYu Hou, HuanYing Chen, LiFeng Liu].
The Physiological Basis for Yield Differences between Four Genotypes of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea) in Response to Drought. III. Developmental Processes† - Volume 24 Issue 2 - D. Harris, R. B. Matthews, R. C. Nageswara Rao, J.H. Williams
[button size=small text=MSDS & Datasheet link=/wp-content/uploads/media/BCDatasheets_C_10.26/LAXXXX/LA-2301-1.pdf]Alkaline Phosphatase Conjugated Arachis hypogaea Lectin (Peanut) -PNA-, 1mg
[button size=small text=MSDS & Datasheet link=/wp-content/uploads/media/BCDatasheets_C_10.26/FXXXX/F-2301-1.pdf]FITC Conjugated Arachis hypogaea Lectin (Peanut) -PNA-, 1mg
AhAREB1 (Arachis hypogaea Abscisic-acid Response Element Binding Protein 1) is a member of the basic domain leucine zipper (bZIP)-type transcription factor in peanut. Previously, we found that expression of AhAREB1 was specifically induced by abscisic acid (ABA), dehydration and drought. To understand the drought defense mechanism regulated by AhAREB1, transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AhAREB1 was conducted in wild-type (WT), and a complementation experiment was employed to ABA non-sensitivity mutant abi5 (abscisic acid-insensitive 5). Constitutive expression of AhAREB1 confers water stress tolerance and is highly sensitive to exogenous ABA. Microarray and further real-time PCR analysis revealed that drought stress, reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging, ABA synthesis/metabolism-related genes and others were regulated in transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing AhAREB1. Accordingly, low level of ROS, but higher ABA content was detected in the transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpression of AhAREB1.
Q: Has any one given their ferret peanut butter Jiffy Creamy. The reason Im asking is because my son dropped his peanut butter jelly sandwich on the floor today and Misty (my baby ferret) was licking up the peanut butter goop. Will she be alright?. A: Ive heard of a ferret that got into a jar of peanut butter and died. While peanut butter is high in fat and ferrets require fat for power, it likewise is high in sugar and peanuts are a legume. Peanut butter is full of legumes (peanuts are from the legume family) and the ferrets cant digest them, so theres no nutritional value to be gained - and theres the down side of possible blockage issues, too ...
Detection of the three agents of groundnut rosette disease (groundnut rosette assistor virus, groundnut rosette virus and its satellite RNA) in plants and vectoraphids by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is reported. Three procedures for extraction of total RNA from groundnut were tested, of which two were found to be useful in giving RNA of sufficient quality for RT-PCR. Of these two, the total RNA extraction kit supplied by Qiagen was found to be the most versatile for extraction of all three agents from individual vector aphids (Aphis craccivora). Both groundnut rosette assistor virus and groundnut rosette virus could be detected from total RNA extracted from a single aphid that had been exposed to either green or chlorotic rosette-infected groundnut plants. They could be detected in aphids stored in 70% ethanol for up to 30 days at room temperature. However, satellite RNA could be amplified only when total RNA extracted from two or more aphids was used. Groundnut ...
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Near infrared reflectance spectra (NIRS) was collected from Arachis hypogaea seed samples and used in predictive models to rapidly identify varieties with high oleic acid. The method was developed for shelled peanut seeds with intact testa. Spectra was evaluated initially by principal component analysis (PCA) followed by partial least squares (PLS). PCA performed with full spectra and reduced spectra with one principal component accounted for 97% to 99% variability, respectively. The PLS model generated from first derivative spectra provided a standard error of prediction (SEP) of 7.7204808. This technique provides a non-destructive method to rapidly identify high oleic peanut seeds to support the selection and cultivation of high oleic acid peanut varieties. The method can also be useful at peanut processing facilities for screening and quality assessments.
Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid with two nuclear genomic components, AA and BB. Although it is generally agreed that these component genomes are derived from diploid wild ancestors, the exact species involved has been a matter of some research and discussion. Although the evidence is not completely clear cut, analysis of data from molecular markers, cytogenetics, morphology and geographical distributions support that A. duranensis and A. ipaënsis are the direct ancestors of cultivated peanut [8, 30].. Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) of A. hypogaea metaphase chromosomes with total genomic DNA from the AA genome of A. duranensis and the BB genome of A. ipaënsis allowed a clear differentiation of the A and B chromosomes. Firstly, this observation reinforces the evidence of the close relationship between the genomes of A. duranensis, A. ipaënsis and cultivated peanut. Secondly, since GISH relies largely on the hybridization of repetitive sequences, it also indicates that A. duranensis ...
One of the easiest sweet treats to make is a rice krispy treat. The basic recipe has only three ingredients - marshmallows, rice krispies (or other puffed rice cereal) and butter - and takes only a couple of minutes to mix together. As a marshmallow fan, I like them plain, but as a fan of easy to make treats, I appreciate how versatile these bars are. You can make them chocolate-flavored or dip them in chocolate, you can use other types of cereal in place of the plain rice cereal, and you can even use the bars as a base for a no-bake candy bar, as I did with this batch.. These rice krispies are topped with a layer of peanut butter and a layer of chocolate, giving them a rich peanut butter cup flavor that is a great contrast for the sweet, crunchy base. The peanut butter (I used a natural pb, but a national brand will work well here, too) layer is very slightly crumbly, much more similar to the interior of a peanut butter cup than to a layer of unadulterated peanut butter. The topping is a ...
Calories in Think Thin High Protein Bar Chunky Peanut Butter / Creamy Peanut Butter 08.24.14. Find nutrition facts for Think Thin High Protein Bar Chunky Peanut Butter / Creamy Peanut Butter 08.24.14 and over 2,000,000 other foods in MyFitnessPal.coms food database.
So I am guessing if you clicked onto this article you are a big fan of peanut butter, like me! I cant get enough of it and could happily sit with a spoon and eat the whole jar if I could get away with it. But what about the amazing products that have incorporated the delicious taste of peanut butter into them? Yes a genius idea, I know! I am going to list my top five favourite products for peanut butter lovers. Nuts n More Peanut ButterOkay so this is a jar of peanut butter, but this product has a twist! It comes in a variety of mouth-watering flavours including Toffee Crunch, Chocolate Peanut, Sesame Cranbutter and Coconut! It is made from the highest quality peanuts and is packed full of protein. It also contains omega-3 which contributes to your daily intake of good fats. IMAGE SOURCE: http://cheapproteindiscountcodes.co.uk/Per 33g serving:Fats - 10gProtein - 12gCarbs - 11g PhD Nutrition Pharma Whey HT+ - Chocolate peanutYes! This is a protein shake that has a Chocolate Peanut flavour which, may I
Citation: Liu, Z., Feng, S., Pandey, M.K., Chen, X., Culbreath, A.K., Varshney, R.K., Guo, B. 2013. Identification of expressed resistance gene analogs from peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) expressed sequence tags. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology. 55(5):453-461. Interpretive Summary: Peanut production and seed quality are severely constrained by a wide variety of diseases. The most promising solution for managing peanut diseases is using resistant cultivars. A high yielding cultivar with disease resistance would present tremendous advantages for peanut farmers to fight the diseases. The objective of this study was to identify expressed resistance gene analogs (RGAs) from peanut expressed sequence tags (ESTs) for marker development. By using known R gene protein sequences to screen peanut ESTs, 385 unigenes were identified as peanut expressed RGAs. A total of 28 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified from 25 expressed RGAs. One SSR marker of RGA121 and two PCR-based markers, Ahsw-1 and ...
As mentioned earlier, its good to be aware of certain brands of store-bought peanut butter. Some farmers tend to go a little too heavy on the pesticides. Because peanuts have a very thin shell, the harmful chemicals from these pesticides can easily travel inside to the actual peanuts that are used in making your peanut butter. Pesticide exposure has been known to cause infertility in men and may even lead to birth defects. To be on the safer side, always make sure to buy the organic variety.. While the numerous health benefits of peanut butter outweigh its side effects, its still good to be conscious of how much you eat in a day and what ingredients go into your jar. Eating too much of anything is bad for your health, but pairing it with the right foods in just the right amount can do wonders for your body and your immunity.. If youre buying store-bought peanut butter, do some research about potentially harmful ingredients, and if possible, consult a nutritionist for information on how to ...
A new study today in the New England Journal of Medicine shows that eating a lower carbohydrate diet, high in protein and healthy fats from plants, reduces the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in women. This new study from data collected over 20 years from 82,802 women in the Nurses Health Study supports the large body of evidence that shows the beneficial effects of plant-based dietary patterns. Researchers concluded that a diet higher in protein and fat is good for you, but its best when the protein and fat come from plant sources.. Peanuts and peanut butter provide both kinds of healthy fats from plants - monounsaturated and polyunsaturated. They also provide plant protein. In fact, peanuts are actually legumes and have the highest protein of any nut. Peanuts are the most commonly eaten nut in America, and when peanut butter is factored in, they comprise over 2/3 of the nut consumption in the U.S. Peanut butter is the most frequently consumed plant protein in the U.S., particularly as a ...
Upon my college graduation, I entered a business world with high unemployment, a financial crisis, and an economic recession. After working a number of personally unfulfilling jobs, I decided to start my own business of All Natural Peanut Butter and Flavored Peanut Butter Spreads. When my first peanut grinder arrived, my kitchen became my office and playpen. After locating the perfect peanut (Valencia), I perfected the taste of our All Natural Peanut Butter. Then I tried different combinations of my favorite flavors with my peanut butter ...
Groundnut (ArachishypogaeaL.) is an economically important edible oilseed legume, grown in western Kenya. Groundnut rosette disease (GRD) is a major constraint in sub-Saharan Africa, which can cause 100% yield losses in a severe epidemic situation. Rosette is transmitted in nature by the viruliferous aphid vector, Aphis craccivoraKoch (Homoptera: Aphididae), in a polycyclic, persistent, circulative and non-propagative manner. The disease is caused by two synergistic viruses; groundnut rosette assistor virus (GRAV, genus Luteovirus) and groundnut rosette virus (GRV, genus Umbravirus) associated with a satellite-ribonucleic acid (Sat-RNA). The GRD viruses occur in two predominant symptom forms; chlorotic rosette and green rosette, which override the isolated occurrence of mosaic rosette symptom. There is not enough information on the occurrence, distribution and diversity of GRAV causing GRD in western Kenya. This study characterized the virus and determined its occurrence, distribution and ...
... is a new equipment of wet particles processing,which adapts our latest technology.High quality Food Industry chocolate, soy sauce, jam sesame seed peanut butter colloid mill grinder machine1 is mainly used to grind almond,peanut butter (normal, soft, natural, sweet, salty, spicy, etc.) and sesame sauce.Peanut Butter Machine can be also used to grind peanut milk, milk protein, soy milk, drinks, dairy products, malted milk, essence, aloe vera, pollen broken wall, pineapple, fruit tea, ice cream, moon cake stuffing, cream, jam, fruit juice, etc.
Lets talk about peanut butter, shall we? Its one of my favourite subjects. Like many people in North America, I grew up in a household where peanut butter was a staple. You might even call it a necessity. So much so that on a trip to France when I was a teenager, my father brought along two large jars of peanut butter. There we were in Provence, enjoying some of the best food the world has to offer, but still hauling the lowly ground peanut all the way from Canada. You can hardly blame him. He was traveling four kids, two of whom were under the age of 10 and still in that picky-eater phase, and he simply didnt want hear complaints of missing their favourite food. I was fifteen and although not the most adventurous eater at that point, I tried the foods that came my way and loved most of them. But I believe I still had a peanut butter sandwich or two on that trip.. ...
Peanut Butter Cookie Centers. 1 cup creamy peanut butter. 1/2 cup granulated sugar. 1 egg. ____. 2 sticks softened butter. 1 cup granulated sugar. 3/4 cup packed light brown sugar. 2 large eggs. 1 tablespoon pure vanilla extract. 1 3/4 cups all-purpose flour. 1 teaspoon baking soda. 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt. 1 1/2 cups chocolate chips, I used semi-sweet. 1 cup cocoa powder. 1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. and line a large baking sheet with parchment paper or a silpat liner.. 2. Place peanut butter and sugar into a medium bowl, mix to combine then add egg, mixing until well combined. Set aside.. 3. In a stand or electric mixer, beat butter and sugars until well combined. Add eggs and vanilla, beating until well combined.. 4. Place flour, baking soda, and salt into a large bowl. Add to wet ingredients along with cocoa powder, and chocolate chips, slowly mixing until just combined. With a small cookie scoop, scoop peanut butter cookie dough into your hand. With a medium cookie scoop, scoop ...
Powdered peanut butter - 146 results from brands Kirkland Signature, BETTY LOUS, Minute Maid, products like Purely Inspired Plant Based Protein Shake and Powdered Peanut Butter Red/Natural, Tru-nut Organic Powdered Peanut Butter, 6.5 Oz, Chocolate Peanut Butter Powder - 21 Servings - Nuts n More® - Nut & Seed Butters
Peanut Butter Dipped Bones from our collection of gourmet dog treats. Your dog will love these delicious peanut butter dipped bones decorated in fun, festive colors. Our classic, best selling signature peanut butter dipped bones are great for any occasi
Can I give my dog peanut butter? The answer is YES - dogs can eat peanut butter and its not toxic to dogs, but watch out for xylitol in peanut butter.
Large-scale development of expressed sequence tag simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers was performed in peanut ( Arachis hypogaeaL.) to obtain more informative genetic markers. A total of 10,102...
Resistance to proteolytic enzymes and heat is thought to be a prerequisite property of food allergens. Allergens from peanut (Arachis hypogaea) are the most frequent cause of fatal food allergic reactions. The allergenic 2S albumin Ara h 2 and the homologous minor allergen Ara h 6 were studied at the molecular level with regard to allergenic potency of native and protease-treated allergen. A high-resolution solution structure of the protease-resistant core of Ara h 6 was determined by NMR spectroscopy, and homology modelling was applied to generate an Ara h 2 structure. Ara h 2 appeared to be the more potent allergen, even though the two peanut allergens share substantial cross-reactivity. Both allergens contain cores that are highly resistant to proteolytic digestion and to temperatures of up to 100 °C. Even though IgE antibody-binding capacity was reduced by protease treatment, the mediator release from a functional equivalent of a mast cell or basophil, the humanized RBL (rat basophilic ...
WE LIVE in a world in which war and conflict abound, natural disasters strike frequently and, because of our global connectivity, infectious disease is just an incubation period away. In two cases, where the aneurysms involved vital pontine perforator arteries branching from the basilar artery, idealized geometries of these vessels were incorporated into the CFD models. We thus provide the first estimates of the relative contribution of neutral and selective processes on variation of ant cuticular profile. EAE was aggravated in uPA-/- and uPAR-/- mice, and this was accompanied by more severe histopathologic canadian pharcharmy online viagra features and microglial activation. In the manufacture of holographic gratings using coherent light there is an associated problem of optical noise, the conventional remedies for which involve various restrictions.. Stress Inducible Expression of AtDREB1A Transcription Factor in canadian pharmacy cialis Transgenic Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Conferred ...
This study was conducted in Medan Senembah village, Pardamean village, and Telaga Sari village, Tanjung Morawa district Deli Serdang regency. The observation had been begin since October 2004 up to July 2005, was taken by auger to represent each area of the studied land. The sample was taken at the depth of 0 - 25 cm. Furtheymore calculate with multiple regression method and factor analysis used SPSS program. Prediction is first step to conclude land suitability. This observation porpose for predict the production of peanut on paddy land in Tanjung Morawa district, Deli Serdang regency. The result showed that regression comparison accepted and variable independent toward production with significant 0,1 %. Anyhow based on the coefficients regression on the parameters silt, base saturation, C-organik, and pH represent the negative toward production, a while sand, clay, and P.available represent the positive toward production. Based on the statistical analysis there are 3 mainfactor which is ...
... is usually a screw-type machine that presses oil seeds through a caged cavity. castor bean oil machine enters one side of the machinery and the waste(oil cake) exit the other end. The machinery Guarantee the original peanut oil flavor cold pressed peanut oil uses friction and continuous pressure from the screw drives to move and compress the Guarantee the original peanut oil flavor cold pressed peanut oil. Guarantee the original peanut oil flavor cold pressed peanut oil-castor oil extraction process-castor oil extraction project report-castor oil processing machinery-castor oil project cost-how to cold press castor beans-homemade castor oil-castor oil extraction process pdf-how to cold press castor oil
Purified PNA is conjugated to colloidal gold. The surface of the colloidal gold particle displays both electrostatic and hydrophobic properties. For conjugation to gold sol, the electrostatic interactions must be reduced so that the hydrophobic interactions can succeed. The pH of the gold sol is adjusted to give the net charge of the protein zero, or slightly negative. This prevents the aggregation of the protein due to electrostatic attraction while maintaining the hydrophobic interactions. This product comes in a stabilized liquid form and is suitable for light and electron microscopy.. +2° to +8° C.. ...
Ara h 1 is a seed storage protein from Arachis hypogaea (peanuts). It is a heat stable 7S vicilin-like globulin with a stable trimeric form that comprises 12-16% of the total protein in peanut extracts. Ara h 1 is known because sensitization to it was found in 95% of peanut-allergic patients from North America. In spite of this high percentage, peanut-allergic patients of European populations have fewer sensitizations to Ara h 1. Ara h 1 is a vicilin, located in the protein fraction of the peanut cotyledon. Ara h 1 forms homotrimers, and due to its highly stable structure, mediated through hydrophobic interactions, it has been established as an allergen. Hydrophobic residues on α-helical bundles are located on the ends of each trimer monomer. Ara h 1 presents an overall pleat like bicupins, N- and C-terminal domains are superposed in 1.9 Å. The molecule has two modules related by an axis perpendicular to the three pleat axes of the trimer. They interact through their hydrophobic parts. The ...
Headline: Bitcoin & Blockchain Searches Exceed Trump! Blockchain Stocks Are Next!. The Arachis Oil market analysis of an industry is a crucial thing for various stakeholders like investors, CEOs, traders, suppliers and others. The Arachis Oil industry research report is a resource, which provides current as well as upcoming technical and financial details of the industry.. Arachis Oil market research report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of this market. Various definitions and classification of the industry, applications of the industry and chain structure are given. Present day status of the Arachis Oil industry policies and news are analysed.. Get Sample PDF of report @ http://www.360marketupdates.com/enquiry/request-sample/10312839. Next part of the Arachis Oil Market analysis report speaks about the manufacturing process. The process is analysed thoroughly with respect three points, viz. raw material and equipment suppliers, various manufacturing associated costs ...
was the definitive trial that proved that old approaches to preventing allergies were wrong. The investigators question was formed out of an observation: The risk of peanut allergy among Jewish children in the United Kingdom was 10x as high than Israeli children with similar ancestry. It was noted that while peanuts were generally withheld in the first year of life in the United Kingdom, they tended to be introduced at around 7 months in Israel. The investigators hypothesis was that early introduction of peanut protein into the diet might reduce the risk of peanut allergy.. This was a randomized, open-label study of 640 children in the United Kingdom. To be eligible to participate, children had to be 4 months to 11 months of age, and had severe eczema, egg allergy or both. The average age at screening was 8 months. All children received skin tests for peanut allergy and were then randomly assigned to dietary peanut consumption or avoidance. Children randomized to peanut consumption received 6 ...
Unlike hemiparasitic plants such as mistletoes which have leaves and are able to photosynthesis on their own, holoparasitic plants, such L. hypogaea, are wholly dependent upon their host and do not have much in the way of external structures. The only parts of L. hypogaea that poke out of the ground are its red, mushroom-like flowers, which only appear during the dry seasons. So even though it is fairly common, unless you know what to look for, you wont even know that it is there. This is probably why very little is known about it aside from description of its anatomy and the list of plants that it parasitises. Until this and similar studies came along, the most comprehensive research on the natural history of L. hypogaea was published over a century ago ...
Save 30% Bell Plantation - PB2 Powdered Peanut Butter With Premium Chocolate 6.5 Ounces PB2 With Premium Chocolate 85% Less Fat Calories Than Traditional Peanut Butter No Additives All Natural Certified Gluten-Free Kosher. Non-GMO. Savor the Secret of Chocolate PB2 Superior quality peanuts are first slow roasted, then pressed to remove 85% of the fat and oil. We then blend the finest cocoa beans for a natural roasted peanut butter and chocolate flavor thats rich in taste, easy to enjoy and wonderfully healthy.
Save 30% Bell Plantation - PB2 Powdered Peanut Butter With Premium Chocolate 6.5 Ounces PB2 With Premium Chocolate 85% Less Fat Calories Than Traditional Peanut Butter No Additives All Natural Certified Gluten-Free Kosher. Non-GMO. Savor the Secret of Chocolate PB2 Superior quality peanuts are first slow roasted, then pressed to remove 85% of the fat and oil. We then blend the finest cocoa beans for a natural roasted peanut butter and chocolate flavor thats rich in taste, easy to enjoy and wonderfully healthy.
Allergic reactions to food are on the rise worldwide and there is a corresponding increase in interest to understand the molecular mechanisms responsible. Peanut allergies are the most problematic because the reaction often persists into adulthood and can be as severe as anaphylaxis and death. The purpose of the work presented here was to develop a reproducible method to produce large quantities of pure recombinant Ara h 1(rAra h 1) that will enable standardization of immunological tests for patients and allow structural and immunological studies on the wild type and mutagenized forms of the protein. Ara h 1 is initially a pre-pro-protein which, following two endoproteolytic cleavages, becomes the mature form found in peanut. The mature form however has flexible regions that make it refractory to some structural studies including crystallography. Therefore, independent purification of the mature and core regions was desirable. Expression constructs were synthesized cDNA clones for each in a pET plasmid
The peanut, or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea), is a species in the legume or "bean" family (Fabaceae). The cultivated peanut was probably first domesticated in the valleys of Perú.[1] It is an annual herbaceous plant growing 30 to 50 cm (0.98 to 1.6 ft) tall. The leaves are opposite, pinnate with four leaflets (two opposite pairs; no terminal leaflet), each leaflet 1 to 7 cm (⅜ to 2¾ in) long and 1 to 3 cm (⅜ to 1 inch) broad. The flowers are a typical peaflower in shape, 2 to 4 cm (¾ to 1½ in) across, yellow with reddish veining. After pollination, the fruit develops into a legume 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, containing 1 to 4 seeds, which forces its way underground to mature. Hypogaea means "under the earth.". Peanuts are known by many other local names such as earthnuts, ground nuts, goober peas, monkey nuts, pygmy nuts and pig nuts.[2][3][4]. ...
Peanut is a legume, native to South America. The peanut, Arachis hypogea, belongs to the Papilionacea family of the Fabales order, along with lentils, chickpeas, peas, beans and soy. Other common names for peanut are groundnut and earthnut due to the characteristic feature of the pods maturing underground. Peanut is a common snack food in westernised society, although it is a common weaning food in other societies. The world export market for peanut is 1.3 million metric tons per year (shelled basis), with the US, China and Argentina being the dominant exporters. Sixty percent of U.S. raw peanut exports are to the EU. There are three broad types of peanuts which account for more than 99% of US production: Flo-Runner, Virginia and Spanish. There are no obvious differences between them with respect to their potency to cause allergy.. Peanut allergy is a so-called IgE-mediated food allergy. IgE (Immunoglobulin E) is the allergy antibody. Allergy to peanut is caused by proteins in the kernel. As all ...
Abstract In this paper, we describe a Ty3-gypsy retrotransposon from allotetraploid peanut (Arachis hypogaea) and its putative diploid ancestors Arachis duranensis (A-genome) and Arachis ipaënsis (Bgenome). The consensus sequence is 11,223 bp. The element, named FIDEL (Fairly long Inter-Dispersed Euchromatic LTR retrotransposon), is more frequent in the A- than in the B-genome, with copy numbers of about 3,000 (±950, A. duranensis), 820 (±480, A. ipaënsis), and 3,900 (±1,500, A. hypogaea) per haploid genome. Phylogenetic analysis of reverse transcriptase sequences showed distinct evolution of FIDEL in the ancestor species. Fluorescent in situ hybridization revealed disperse distribution in euchromatin and absence from centromeres, telomeric regions, and the nucleolar organizer region. Using paired sequences from bacterial artificial chromosomes, we showed that elements appear less likely to insert near conserved ancestral genes than near the fast evolving disease resistance gene homologs. ...
In jelly, the pectin is to make it jell. You still need sweetener, like sugar, Splenda or white grape juice. I make my own jelly and jam. I like Skippy super chunk. I can eat creamy peanut butter, but it feels like something is missing. Do not want "natural peanut butter". I can chew a bunch of peanuts if I want that. When I was a child, everyones mother buttered both pieces of squishy bread before applying peanut butter and jelly. A butter peanutbutter sandwich.. ...
Varshney RK, Song C, Saxena RK, Azam S, Yu S, Sharpe AG, Cannon S, Baek J, Rosen BD, Taran B, Millan T, Zhang X, Ramsay LD, Iwata A, Wang Y, Nelson W, Farmer AD, Gaur PM, Soderlund C, Penmetsa RV, Xu C, Bharti AK, He W, Winter P, Zhao S, Hane JK, Carrasquilla-Garcia N, Condie JA, Upadhyaya HD, Luo MC, Thudi M, Gowda CL, Singh NP, Lichtenzveig J, Gali KK, Rubio J, Nadarajan N, Dolezel J, Bansal KC, Xu X, Edwards D, Zhang G, Kahl G, Gil J, Singh KB, Datta SK, Jackson SA, Wang J, Cook DR. Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nat Biotechnol. 2013 Jan 27. doi: 10.1038/nbt.2491.. Garg R, Patel RK, Jhanwar S, Priya P, Bhattacharjee A, Yadav G, Bhatia S, Chattopadhyay D, Tyagi AK, Jain M. Gene discovery and tissue-specific transcriptome analysis in chickpea with massively parallel pyrosequencing and web resource development. Plant Physiol. 2011 Jun 8. [Epub ahead of print].. Hiremath PJ, Farmer A, Cannon SB, Woodward J, Kudapa H, Tuteja R, Kumar ...
Imagine your favorite peanut butter cups only bigger and better. This sensational cookie pie combines peanut butter filling with dark chocolate drizzle on top of a rich butter cookie crust for an off-the-charts taste experience. Each cookie pie is lovingly hand-crafted in small batches. This decadent creation is a dream come true for a peanut butter & chocolate lover!
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My friend Christy accused me of being a lower class Peanut Butter consumer with my jars of Jiff, but I think she is just a Peanut Butter snob ... after all, Choosey mothers choose Jiff, ... RIGHT!? :/ So after this Peanut Butter challenge, I decided to do some further investigation into this very serious topic and see what I would come up with myself !!! After comparing the Kroger brand, Jif and the MaraNatha brands, I find that the nutritionals are really just about the same, along with the ingredients. However, that being said, I did find that the MaraNatha brand did boast of its Velvety Creaminess and I would have to agree that it does have a little velvet in the mix, ... but flavor wise I found them all to be about the same. The other thing with MaraNatha is the price, I had to take out a loan at the check out counter to pay for it~ and after my down payment on the 6.49 bottle of creamed nuts they let me take it home ... I still have a couple payments to go to before it is paid off ... BUT ...
It is fairly well known that Elviss favorite food was a deep fried peanut butter and banana sandwich. The anniversary of Elvis Presleys birthday is January 8th, and its the perfect time for fans (whether youre fans of The Kings music or just of food) to try out an Elvis-inspired treat that uses both peanut butter and bananas. My hat tip is a banana bread with a peanut butter and cream cheese layer swirled throughout. Its not deep fried, but Elvis would probably approve anyway.. The recipe starts out as a fairly basic banana bread with mashed bananas, spices and vegetable oil. In fact, you could bake it on its own and get a great tasting loaf. All you really need to have on hand is some ripe bananas and youre ready to go. As with most banana breads, its not crucial to be completely exact with the amount of mashed banana you use. If your bananas are on the large size and leave you with an extra tablespoon or two, either take a bite to even things out or just mix it into the batter with the ...
recipe after the jump:. the what:. 1 cup of raw almonds (you can use roasted as well if youd prefer). 1/2 cup of peanut butter (i used creamy, unsalted). 1 cup pitted medjool dates. 1 1/4 teaspoons of vanilla extract. maldon sea salt to garnish. the how:. - combine almonds, peanut butter, dates and vanilla in a food processor and blend until a dough-like texture is achieved (a couple of minutes). add more peanut butter if necessary to make the dough stickier *. - form into small balls and use a fork to press down and create a crisscross pattern. - sprinkle liberally with maldon sea salt. - store in refrigerator (in my opinion they were better the next day!). *i was concerned about the motor in our food processor being overworked so i used the dry container in our vitamix to break down the almonds into a pasty flour before i added everything to the food processor. almond flour could also be substituted if you dont have access to a vitamix!. this recipe was modified just a little from this ...
recipe after the jump:. the what:. 1 cup of raw almonds (you can use roasted as well if youd prefer). 1/2 cup of peanut butter (i used creamy, unsalted). 1 cup pitted medjool dates. 1 1/4 teaspoons of vanilla extract. maldon sea salt to garnish. the how:. - combine almonds, peanut butter, dates and vanilla in a food processor and blend until a dough-like texture is achieved (a couple of minutes). add more peanut butter if necessary to make the dough stickier *. - form into small balls and use a fork to press down and create a crisscross pattern. - sprinkle liberally with maldon sea salt. - store in refrigerator (in my opinion they were better the next day!). *i was concerned about the motor in our food processor being overworked so i used the dry container in our vitamix to break down the almonds into a pasty flour before i added everything to the food processor. almond flour could also be substituted if you dont have access to a vitamix!. this recipe was modified just a little from this ...
On Thursday, Hormel Foods announced it has signed a definitive agreement to buy Unilever's Skippy peanut butter business, the No. 2 U.S. branded peanut butter and the No. 1 peanut butter
For your consideration is choice of (1) or both of (2) vintage peanut butter jar glasses, each with a yellow floral & green leaf design on a clear glass background. Each is marked on the bottoms: PB23, ( J in a vase symbol), and each has a different number such as: 12, 9, etc. These were manufactured in the 1940s-50s by Jeanette Glass Co. They were filled with peanut butter and sometimes jelly and sold as a premium. You got the peanut butter and, also, a glass for future use! What a deal this was! They are approximately: 5 3/4"T X 3 1/2"Rd (Top) each. (Price quoted is for 1/each glass. PLEASE NOTE: "Quantity" when ordering. Thank you!) (PLEASE NOTE: Pictures show 4 of these glasses, however, 2 have sold and now there is only 2 left for sale!) CONDITION: On one of the glasses there seems to be some of a yellow petal missing, it is very very light and hard to tell, and uncertain as to whether it was done during manufacturing. (Please see last photo!) Hardly noticeable and any flaws mentioned are ...
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Peanut butter and chocolate is a classic combination that's displayed at its finest here. The filling in this cookie, from Eleanor King of Towson, is made with peanut butter, cream cheese and honey, giving the cookie a hint of flavor of the best comfort food, a peanut butter and honey sandwich....
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Dip each graham cracker into chocolate and let set up on wax or parchment paper. Stick in the freezer for a few minutes to speed this up. Spread 2 tablespoons (or a cookie scoopful) of peanut butter over the top of each dipped graham cracker then place in the freezer for 10 more minutes. This step is important. While the peanut butter is freezing, remove chocolate from heat and stir, so it cools slightly and thickens up a touch. Slowly and carefully spoon melted chocolate over tops and sides of peanut butter. This is where the patience and work comes in. Use a small spoon working the chocolate around the edges and sides. Youll then use a little plastic knife to run the chocolate around the edges and clean it up a little. Let set up, (stick back in the freezer for another 10 minutes) then with a spoon, drizzle chocolate over top to get the "lines" you see in the pictures above. (If your chocolate is too thick at this point, set it back over the double boiler so it melts a little bit ...
Learn how many calories in Mother's Bumpers Peanut Butter Cereal. Get all Mother's Bumpers Peanut Butter Cereal nutritional information - Mother's Bumpers Peanut Butter Cereal calories, protein, fat, carbs and more. Its Free.
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Use of inoculants in Ethiopia for food legume production including peanut is very infant. Due to low productivity of peanut in Ethiopia, enhancing the peanut-rhizobia symbiosis thereby improve the productivity using inoculation of effective rhizobia is essential. The native rhizobia population, the host genotypes and environmental condition are the major factors affecting the efficacy of inoculated rhizobia. The soil of the study sites had the native rhizobia capable of nodulating peanut greater than 102 g−1 of soil. Large number of native rhizobia in the two soils could be because of the presence of conducive soil properties (Yousef et al. 1987; Thrall et al. 2007; Drew et al. 2012) and cultivating the host plant for long time (Cheminingwa and Vessey 2006; Kimiti and Odee 2010). However, the previous experiment conducted this region showed that inoculation of locally isolated rhizobia improved the yield of common bean (Anteneh 2016), Fababean (Argaw et al. 2012a) and Field pea (Argaw et al. ...
Officials said that most peanut butter sold in jars at supermarkets appears to be safe. Officials have been focusing on peanut paste and peanut butter made at Peanut Corp. of Americas plant in Blakely, Ga. On Sunday, Peanut Corp. expanded its own recall to all peanut butter and peanut paste produced at the Blakely plant since July 1. The companys peanut butter is not sold directly to consumers but it is distributed to institutions and food companies. The peanut paste, made from roasted peanuts, is an ingredient in cookies, cakes and other products sold to consumers. Meijer, based in Grand Rapids, said in a news release Monday it was issuing its recall because makers of its products had announced possible contamination. The products are sold in Meijer stores and gas stations in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Kentucky. The recall last week by Kellogg, the worlds largest cereal maker, affected products including Keebler Soft Batch Homestyle Peanut Butter Cookies, Famous Amos Peanut Butter ...
Food allergens are a major public health concern. Among them, peanut allergy is one of the commonfood allergies. To avoid unexpected contact with food allergens, food labels are strictly used to indicate thepresence of specific allergens. With the increasing awareness of food allergies, the presence of undeclared peanut in cumin lead to huge recalls in recent years. Although ELISA is the most commonly used technique to detect allergens, its false-positive rate is a major concern due to its cross-reactivity. We developed a method with high specificity and sensitivity to overcome this issue by using a high sensitivity triple quadrupole mass spectrometer to detect peanut allergen Ara h1 in commercially available spices and seasonings. ...
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Kristi Tinsbloom, PharmD candidate 2015, Mercer University College of Pharmacy The incidence of peanut allergy is increasing in children. In fact, according to a study commissioned by FARE (Food Allergy Research & Education), the prevalence of peanut allergy in children in the United States has tripled from 1997 to 2008. In allergic individuals, peanuts can…
How do you make peanut butter cookies with natural peanut butter? I know its easy with regular peanut butter - add an egg and more sugar! - but I wanted to see how much more sugar I needed to add with natural peanut butter. Turns out after checking with a few of my favorite sites, you still use the same ratio of sugar to peanut butter (1 c PB, 1 c sugar). Using the natural peanut butter saves you the extra sugar (and whatever else) that is actually in the peanut butter but thats all ...
Because peanuts are usually heated to high, germ-killing temperatures during the manufacturing process, officials say the contamination may have been caused by dirty jars or equipment.. Nearly 300 people in 39 states have fallen ill since August. Federal health investigators say they strongly suspect Peter Pan peanut butter and certain batches of Wal-Marts Great Value house brand both manufactured by ConAgra in Sylvester.. Consumers were warned yesterday to throw out jars with a product code on the lid beginning with "2111," which denotes the plant where it was made. The recall covers all peanut butter smooth and chunky alike produced by the plant from May 2006 until now.. ...
No additives. 85% less fat calories than traditional peanut butter. A kosher product. All natural. Certified gluten-free. Facebook. Twitter. YouTube. Pinterest. Savor the Secret of PB2: Superior quality peanuts are first slow roasted then pressed to remove 85% of the fat and oil. The result is an exquisitely natural roasted peanut butter flavor thats deliciously rich in taste, easy to enjoy and wonderfully healthy. Visit us at bellplantation.com for recipe ideas and more. Greenstar GMO free certified. Product of the USA.. ...
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Photograph from freedigitalphotos.net I was interested in Eds take on peanut butter and its role in weight loss, since the spread has a similar presence in my pregnancy. Peanut butter is a virtue and a vice. When I am good,...
Sugar, Peanut Butter (Peanuts, Dextrose, Corn Syrup, Hydrogenated Vegetable Shortening (Rapeseed, Cottonseed and Soybean Oils), Salt), Vegetable Oil (Palm, Canola &/or Soybean Oil), Enriched Bleached Wheat Flour (Wheat Flour, Malted Barley Flour, Niacin, Iron, Thiamin Mononitrate, Riboflavin, Folic Acid), Water, Chocolate Chips (Sugar, Chocolate Liquor, Cocoa Butter, Dextrose, Soy Lecithin-an emulsifier, Salt, Vanilla), Cocoa (alkalized), Eggs, Corn Syrup, 2% or less of each: Butter, Salt, Cornstarch, Baking Soda (Leavening), Emulsifiers (Mono & Diglycerides, Polysorbate 60, Soy Lecithin), Vital Wheat Gluten, Titanium Dioxide (color), Chocolate Liquor, Natural and Artificial Flavor, TBHQ (preservative). Topped with: Peanut Butter Cups (Milk Chocolate (Sugar, Cocoa Butter, Chocolate, Nonfat Milk, Milk Fat, Lactose, Soy Lecithin, PGPR - Emulsifier), Peanuts, Sugar, Dextrose, Salt, TBHQ [preservative]).. ...
Peanuts (A. hypogaea) are an economically important crop, a source of food allergies and a member of the South American genus Arachis. The eighty species of genus Arachis have been divided into nine sections. The largest, section Arachis, has been further subdivided into three genome groups. The current intuitive understanding of the evolutionary relationships among Arachis is based on morphological, geographic and cytogenetic data, but a comprehensive phylogenetic study for the genus is lacking. A total of 48 species representing all nine sections were used to reconstruct a phylogeny based on sequence information from plastid trnT-trnF and nuclear ITS genomic regions. Phylogenetic analysis resolved section Extranervosae at the base, followed by sections Triseminatae and Caulorrhizae. Two major terminal lineages were recovered. One is comprised of sections Erectoides, Heteranthae, Procumbentes, Rhizomatosae, and Trierectoides, referred to here as group erectoides. The other is comprised of two ...
Peanut butter is generally fine for dogs to eat as long as they do not have peanut allergies. Peanut butter is a good treat to give to dogs because it provides an additional source of protein and...
Yesterday, King Nut Companies recalled all peanut butter distributed by their company. The president of King Nut Companies, Martin Kanan, said in a statement yesterday, "We are very sorry this happened. We are taking immediate and voluntary action because the health and safety of those who use our products is always our highest priority." In a web statement, King Nut told all of its customers to "put on hold all of their peanut butter in question. A recall of this product will be announced Monday morning. At this point it is unclear what Peanut Corporation of America will do with regard to this case or the national case of the salmonella outbreak." The Peanut Corporation of America, located in Lynchburg but also operating in the states of Texas and Georgia, is the manufacturer for King Nut. Salmonellosis is an infection of salmonella bacteria that usually results in diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal cramps. These symptoms are normally developed 12 to 72 hours after a person is infected, ...
Wheat Flour (Bleached Wheat Flour, Malted Barley Flour, Niacin, Iron, Thiamin Mononitrate, Riboflavin, Folic Acid), Sugar, Palm Oil Margarine [Palm Oil, Water, Soybean Oil, Salt, Vegetable Mono and Diglycerides, Soy Lecithin, Sodium Benzoate (a preservative), Citric Acid, Natural and Artificial Flavor, Beta Carotene (color), Vitamin A Palmitate Added, Whey], Peanut Butter (Peanuts, Dextrose, Hydrogenated Cottonseed/Rapeseed Oil, Salt), Peanut Butter Cups [Milk Chocolate (Sugar, Cocoa Butter, Chocolate Liquor, Whole Milk Powder, Soy Lecithin, PGPR (Emulsifiers), Milkfat, Vanilla), Peanuts, Sugar, Palm Kernal Oil, Lactose, Corn Starch, Salt, Soy Lecithin as an emulsifier], Pasteurized Whole Egg, Sugarcane Molasses, Baking Soda, Salt, Natural and Artificial Flavors, Cellulose Gum, Lecithin, Annatto, ...
PHD Smart Bar Peanut Butter is a first in the nut butter market! A nut butter jam packed with an ENTIRE protein bar. Using peanuts to create the most refined, decadent and delicious high protein nut butter weve ever eaten! PHDs Smart Bar Peanut Butter is available in the UK at the Protein Pick and Mix Now!
Peanut Butter vs. Sunflower Butter Peanut butter is a popular and tasty food paste made from dried and roasted ground peanuts that is either sold in the two
Peanut Butter Chocolate Chip Shortbread Cookies are an easy to make slice and bake cookie recipe with a melt in your mouth texture, a light peanut butter flavor, and. There is conflicting information on whether coconut must be avoided byResearch suggests exposing children to peanuts early on can help reduce their risk of developing an allergy, while strict avoidance actually heightens the risk. Ur browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Though its not one of the allergy biggies, avocados cause their share of allergies. Lb Inkjet CAD Bond 36 x 150 Foot Roll 4 Roll Carton FREE SHIPPINGThough its not one of the allergy biggies, avocados cause their share of allergies. Astellas Announces FDA Fast Track Designation for ASP0892, DNA Vaccine for Mitigation of Severe Hypersensitivity Reactions Due to Peanut AllergyHealthier peanut butter balls, made with crunchy peanut butter to replace the "crunch" of rice cereal, and a combination of fiber rich coconut flour and honey ...
Peanut butter with cocoa cream- Zdravnitza. Wonderful choice for your breakfast. Peanut butter is a food product derived from roast and ground peanut paste.
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Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Chocolate Peanut Butter Footballs (Cocoa Rice Krispie Treats) based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including mini marshmallow, Cocoa Krispies Cereal, Vanilla Frosting, Skippy Natural Creamy Peanut Butter, Butter, unsalted and the other ingredients in this recipe.
id like to know how to bake peanut butter cookies using creamy peanut butter that will come out with a harder, extremely crunchy texture - not a light, chewy or crispy one. i suspect that producing such a result would be partially due to the recipe and partially due to baking temperature as well as temperature of the dough before baking. does anyone have a recipe or words of wisdom? ive just bought crisco sticks to try, as ive used butter before and somehow the result is too delicate. again, i want hearty, crunchy cookies. i hope someone can help! thanks. ...
The Trader Joes Salmonella peanut butter recall has been expanded over possible additional product contaminations.. Sunland Inc. of Portales, New Mexico, the maker of Trader Joes peanut butter, recalled a total of 76 products, including three Trader Joes peanut butter brands. The products, said NBC News, are associated with the ongoing multi-state Salmonella outbreak.. All of the products, including Trader Joes brand peanut butters, were manufactured on the same production line, said NBC News. Yesterday, we wrote that the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) announced that a recall was implemented for Trader Joes Valencia Creamy Salted Peanut Butter following 29 illnesses in 18 states. The Salmonella involved is fairly rare-Salmonella Bredeney.. Since, two other Trader Joes brands have been recalled-Trader Joes Valencia Peanut Butter with Roasted Flaxseeds, Crunchy and Salted and Trader Joes Almond Butter with Roasted Flaxseeds, Crunchy and Salted, said NBC News. Sunland also recalled ...
Although none of our extensive product tests have indicated the presence of salmonella, we are taking this precautionary measure because consumer health and safety is our top priority," said Chris Kircher, spokesperson for ConAgra Foods. "We are working closely with the FDA to better understand its concerns, and we will take whatever additional measures are needed to ensure the safety, quality and wholesomeness of our products.". If consumers have this product, they should discard it, but save the product lid. For a full refund, consumers must return the Peter Pan Peanut Butter or Great Value Peanut Butter product lid along with their name and mailing address to ConAgra Foods, P.O. Box 57078, Irvine, CA 92619-7078.. Consumers with questions or concerns about the recall can call the 24-hour toll-free hotline at 866-344-6970. For more information about salmonella, visit www.ific.org. ...
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You cant go wrong blending peanut butter with chocolate and bananas. Peanut butter lovers will go nuts for the combo of flavors in this moist quick bread.
Arachis hypogaea) 40 Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 40). Its closest relatives are the diploid (2n = 2x = 20 ... Milla SR, Isleib TG, Stalker HT (2005). "Taxonomic relationships among Arachis sect. Arachis species as revealed by AFLP ...
... on Arachis hypogaea". Journal of Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring. 9: 73-76.. ...
The peanut, also known as the groundnut and the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown ... A warning sign for the presence of peanuts and peanut dust Arachis hypogaea flower Peanut pegs penetrating the ground ... Ozcan MM (2010). "Some nutritional characteristics of kernel and oil of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)". J Oleo Sci. 59 (1): 1-5 ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Smith, Ben W. (1950-01-01). "Arachis hypogaea. Aerial Flower and Subterranean Fruit". ...
Arachis hypogaea podzemnice olejná β-D-Gal-(1-3)-α-D-GalNAc-Ser/Thr (T-antigen) ...
Arachis hypogaea; Fabaceae) Peanut butter fruit (Bunchosia spp.; Malpighiaceae) Pear, European and Asian species (Pyrus) Pecan ...
Arachis hypogaea). Animal life includes cats deer, collared peccary (Pecari tajacu), squirrels, cuinique (Spermophilus spp.), ...
Freshly dug peanuts (Arachis hypogaea), indehiscent legume fruits. Grain legumes[2] are cultivated for their seeds, which are ... Some, like alfalfa, clover, vetch (Vicia), stylo (Stylosanthes), or Arachis, are sown in pasture and grazed by livestock. Other ...
1999). "Effect of "Juglone" on Development of the plant parasitic nematode (Meloidogyne Spp.) on Arachis hypogaea L". J. ...
"Plants Profile for Arachis hypogaea (peanut)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-12-01. "Peanut Country, U.S.A. , National Peanut ... As seen by the name, it affects Arachis hypogaea or peanuts. Peanuts are grown in warm areas, which determines where this ...
Arachis hypogaea) Oil". Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 8 (3): 269-272. doi:10.3923/pjn.2009.269.272. Chu, Yan-Hwa; Hsu, Hsia- ... Peanut oil, also known as groundnut oil or arachis oil, is a mild-tasting vegetable oil derived from peanuts. The oil is ... Some medicines and vitamins use arachis oil as a suspension agent.[citation needed] Liu, Xiaojun; Jin, Qingzhe; Liu, Yuanfa; ...
The larvae are a pest on Arachis hypogaea. They feed on the foliage of their host plant. mothphotographersgroup Bug Guide Life ...
"Crystal structure of stilbene synthase from Arachis hypogaea". Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics. 60 (4): 803- ...
Arachis *Arachis hypogaea (peanut). Health concerns. Toxins. Some kinds of raw beans contain a harmful tasteless toxin, lectin ...
The best-known example is the peanut, Arachis hypogaea. J. D. Skinner; Christian T. Chimimba (2005). "Order Tubulidentata". The ...
lanatus) - Bitter apple (Citrullus colocynthis) Peanut (Arachis hypogaea subsp. hypogaea) - Arachis duranensis Sunflower ( ...
The larvae feed on Arachis hypogaea (peanuts), Acacia sp., Cajanus cajan, Glycine max, Mangifera indica, Mimosa rubicaulis, ...
... arachis hypogaea (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.082 --- aspalathus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...
Bays, DC; Demski, JW (1986). "Bean yellow mosaic virus isolate that infects peanut (Arachis hypogaea)". Plant disease. 70 (7): ... Arachis hypogaea), soybeans (Glycine max), Faba beans (Vicia faba), several species of clover (Trifolium hybridum, T. ...
Arachis hypogaea L. Argemone mexicana L. Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer Aristida adscensionis L. Aristida funiculata Trin. & ...
... is plant lectin protein derived from the fruits of Arachis hypogaea. Peanut agglutinin may also be referred to as Arachis ... hypogaea lectin. Lectins recognise and bind particular sugar sequences in carbohydrates; peanut agglutinin binds the ...
It was first isolated from Arachis hypogaea root nodules in China. Its type strain is CCBAU 051107T (=CGMCC 1.12100T = HAMBI ... nov., isolated from effective nodules of Arachis hypogaea grown in China". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 36 (2): 101-105 ...
nov., isolated from effective nodules of Lablab purpureus and Arachis hypogaea". International Journal of Systematic and ...
The larvae feed on Arachis (including Arachis hypogaea), Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera, Calopogonium, Chrysanthemum indicum, ...
This article is a list of diseases of peanuts (Arachis hypogaea). Common Names of Diseases, The American Phytopathological ...
Ara h 3 is a seed storage protein from Arachis hypogaea (peanuts). It is a heat stable 11S legumin-like globulin with a stable ...
Arachis hypogaea (kikiriki), Lathyrus odoratus (slatki grašak), Ceratonia siliqua (rogač) i Glycyrrhiza glabra (sladić). Veliki ...
Molecular cloning and characterization of annexin genes in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.).. [MeiJing He, XinLei Yang, ShunLi Cui ...
No variation in banding pattern was observed among the cultivars and germplasm lines of A. hypogaea, whereas the wild Arachis ... The objective of this research was to apply these techniques to cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) and related wild ... Kochert GD, Halward TM, Branch WD, Simpson CE: RFLP variability in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars and wild species. ... Use of single-primer DNA amplifications in genetic studies of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). ...
Arachis Hypogaea) in Response to Drought. III. Developmental Processes† - Volume 24 Issue 2 - D. Harris, R. B. Matthews, R. C. ... Lenka D. & Misra P. K. (1973). Response of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to irrigation. Indian Journal of Agronomy 18:492-497 ... Lee T. A. Jr, Ketring D. L. & Powell R. D. (1972). Flowering and growth response of peanut plants (Arachis hypogaea L. var. ... Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 34:1551-1561.. Lin H., Chen C. C. & Lin C. Y. (1963). Study of drought ...
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.), Resveratrol Synthase Gene, Expression Pattern Analysis, Subcellular Localization, Development ... 2005) Cloning and Sequence Analysis of Resveratrol Synthase DNA from Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Fujian Normal ... Arachis hypogaea L.). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 3619-3631. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.524378. ... A Novel Melanolytic Compound from the Peanut Skin of Arachis hypogaea. Journal of Receptors and Signal Transduction, 31, 374- ...
Peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important, leguminous oilseed crop, which is cultivated mostly in the tropical ... Stress Inducible Expression of AtDREB1A Transcription Factor in Transgenic Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Conferred Tolerance to ... 2013). Coat protein-mediated transgenic resistance of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to peanut stem necrosis disease through ... 2007). Stress-inducible expression of AtDREB1A in transgenic peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) increases transpiration efficiency ...
Arachis hypogaea lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder from 10 mM ... Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA, Peanut Agglutinin) is isolated from peanuts by affinity chromatography. The lectin has 4 sub- ... Arachis hypogaea lectin is supplied without preservatives as a lyophilized white to light-yellow powder from 10 mM NH4HCO3. ... Arachis hypogaea lectin (PNA, Peanut Agglutinin) is isolated from peanuts by affinity chromatography. The lectin has 4 sub- ...
Fruiting peanut plants ( Arachis hypogaea L.) were grown in pots of soil with some roots extending through the drainage hole ... Effect of pod zone moisture content on reproductive growth in three cultivars of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Plant and Soil. 1989 ... Effect of Gypsum and Drought on Pod Initiation and Crop Yield in Early Maturing Groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea) Genotypes ... Calcium Translocation in the Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)1. View My Binders ...
Arachis hypogaea L.). An experiment in factorial format based on randomized complete block design with three replications, d... ... Diallel Anaysis of Oil Production Components in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Characteristic attributes of the peanut (Arachis ... Cloning and expression analysis of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) CHI gene. Effect of Sulphur Application on Growth Indices and ... Arachis hypogaea L.). Resveratrol production in hairy root culture of peanut, Arachis hypogaea L. transformed with different ...
Arachis hypogaea (Peanut) Lectin (PNA) - OnePASS Separopore 4B Columns (Fast Flow). Login to see prices. Add to Compare. Add to ... Arachis hypogaea (Peanut) Lectin (PNA) - OnePASS Separopore 4B Columns (Spin). Login to see prices. Add to Compare. Add to ... Arachis hypogaea (Peanut) Lectin (PNA) - MicroPlate(s)s. Login to see prices. Add to Compare. Add to Wishlist. ... Arachis hypogaea (Peanut) Lectin (PNA) - Pure. Check our terms regarding shipping costs, taxes and duties. Category: PNA ...
Melese, B., Dechassa, N. Seed Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Phosphorus and Manure Application at ... "Seed Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Phosphorus and Manure Application at Babile, Eastern Ethiopia". ... Seed Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Phosphorus and Manure Application at Babile, Eastern Ethiopia. ... Melese, B., Dechassa, N. (2017). Seed Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Phosphorus and Manure ...
... is plant lectin protein derived from the fruits of Arachis hypogaea. Peanut agglutinin may also be referred to as Arachis ... hypogaea lectin. Lectins recognise and bind particular sugar sequences in carbohydrates; peanut agglutinin binds the ...
Arachis hypogaea. plate in:. Koehlers Medizinal-Pflanzen in naturgetreuen Abbildungen..... Gera (1883-1914). ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arachis_hypogaea&oldid=265148968" ... Arachis • Species: Arachis hypogaea L. ... Arachis hypogaea. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media ...
tr,A1DZE9,A1DZE9_ARAHY Conglutin 8 OS=Arachis hypogaea OX=3818 PE=2 SV=1 ...
Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: KIAC12M06, genomic survey sequence Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: KIAC12M06, genomic survey sequence ...
Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: KICT13E09, genomic survey sequence Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: KICT13E09, genomic survey sequence ...
Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: 8iHA05P11, cultivar: YI-0311, genomic survey sequen... Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: 8iHA05P11, ... Arachis hypogaea DNA, clone: 8iHA05P11, cultivar: YI-0311, genomic survey sequence. GenBank: DE998585.1 ...
pPGSseq-19D06 pPGS Arachis hypogaea subsp. hypogaea genomic 5, genomic survey s... pPGSseq-19D06 pPGS Arachis hypogaea subsp. ... pPGSseq-19D06 pPGS Arachis hypogaea subsp. hypogaea genomic 5, genomic survey sequence. GenBank: CC000101.1 ... hypogaea genomic 5, genomic survey sequence. gi,56931950,gnl,dbGSS,5030943,gb,CC 1.1, ...
Padmavathi TAV, Rao DM (2013) Differential accumulation of osmolytes in 4 cultivars of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under ... Jain AK, Basha SM, Holbrook CC (2001) Identification of drought responsive transcripts in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). ... Differential expression of leaf proteins in four cultivars of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) under water stress. ... Arachis hypogaea L) cultivars with different tolerance to drought. Plant Physiol Biochem 45:236-243CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
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tr,A0A445E7K0,A0A445E7K0_ARAHY MADS-box domain-containing protein OS=Arachis hypogaea OX=3818 GN=Ahy_A02g005739 PE=4 SV=1 ...
tr,A0A444WWI9,A0A444WWI9_ARAHY AP2/ERF domain-containing protein OS=Arachis hypogaea OX=3818 GN=Ahy_B10g100438 PE=4 SV=1 ...
Arachis hypogaea) Cakes. Molecules 2016, 21, 716. AMA Style. Liu H, Jiang N, Liu L, Sheng X, Shi A, Hu H, Yang Y, Wang Q. ... Extraction, Purification and Primary Characterization of Polysaccharides from Defatted Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Cakes. Hongzhi ... "Extraction, Purification and Primary Characterization of Polysaccharides from Defatted Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Cakes." ... Extraction, Purification and Primary Characterization of Polysaccharides from Defatted Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Cakes. ...
Peanut oil is derived from the peanut (Arachis hypogaea), a legume that is rich in proteins, vitamins, phytochemicals, anti- ... Detection, Purity Analysis, and Quality Assurance of Adulterated Peanut (Arachis Hypogaea) Oils ...
Localization of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) root lectin (PRA II) on root surface and its biological significance. ...
Arachis hypogaea), a crop that is very sensitive to Fe deficiency, were studied in a pot experiment. The results showed that ... Arachis hypogaea), a crop that is very sensitive to Fe deficiency, were studied in a pot experiment. The results showed that ... Iron Oxide Nanoparticles as a Potential Iron Fertilizer for Peanut (Arachis hypogaea). Mengmeng Rui1,2, Chuanxin Ma3, Yi Hao1, ... Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) seeds of variety Kainong 15 were obtained from Kaifeng Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The seeds ...
  • The Physiological Basis for Yield Differences between Four Genotypes of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea) in Response to Drought. (cambridge.org)
  • Growth, yield performance and market quality of groundnut ( Arachis hypogaea) as affected by cropping season in southern Sierra Leone. (cambridge.org)
  • Effect of drought during early reproductive development on the dynamics of yield development of cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Field Crops Research , Vol. 32, Issue. (cambridge.org)
  • Effect of drought during early reproductive development on growth of cultivars of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). I. Utilization of radiation and water during drought. (cambridge.org)
  • Differences in yield determining processes of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes in varied drought environments. (cambridge.org)
  • Fruiting peanut plants ( Arachis hypogaea L.) were grown in pots of soil with some roots extending through the drainage hole into jars of water. (sciencesocieties.org)
  • Although it is related to the common peanut, Arachis hypogaea, it was separately domesticated: A. villosulicarpa is diploid, whereas A. hypogaea is tetraploid. (wikipedia.org)
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