It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Encyclopedias as Topic
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Rare leukoencephalopathy with infantile-onset accumulation of Rosenthal fibers in the subpial, periventricular, and subependymal zones of the brain. Rosenthal fibers are GLIAL FIBRILLARY ACIDIC PROTEIN aggregates found in ASTROCYTES. Juvenile- and adult-onset types show progressive atrophy of the lower brainstem instead. De novo mutations in the GFAP gene are associated with the disease with propensity for paternal inheritance.
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory
Biography as Topic
The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.
Sequencing and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis of four hydrogenase gene clusters from an obligately autotrophic hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium, Hydrogenobacter thermophilus TK-6. (1/5)(+info)
The role of the substrate lipid in processive glycan polymerization by the peptidoglycan glycosyltransferases. (2/5)(+info)
Complete genome sequence of the thermophilic, obligately chemolithoautotrophic hydrogen-oxidizing bacterium Hydrogenobacter thermophilus TK-6. (3/5)(+info)
Optimization of data collection taking radiation damage into account. (4/5)(+info)
Single-molecule dynamics of gating in a neurotransmitter transporter homologue. (5/5)(+info)
Purification and Properties of Glutamine Synthetase From Hydrogenobacter Thermophilus TK-6
Hydrogenobacter thermophilus TK-6, a thermophilic and obligately chemoautotrophic bacterium, assimilates ammonium using glutamine synthetase (GS). GS was purified using three chromatography steps. The purified GS was found to belong to GS type I on the basis of its subunit composition and molecular …
Aviva Yerba Mate - March 2009
Background about pancreatic lipase... The prevalence of obesity is increasing at an alarming rate, but, unfortunately, only a few medications are currently on the market. Obesity is primarily regarded as a disorder of lipid metabolism and the enzymes involved in this process could be selectively targeted to develop antiobesity drugs. Recently, newer approaches for the treatment of obesity have involved inhibition of dietary triglyceride absorption via inhibition of pancreatic lipase (PL) as this is the major source of excess calories. Study: The methanolic extract from the leaves of Ilex paraguariensis (Aquifoliaceae) was found to show an inhibitory activity on porcine pancreatic lipase. From the methanolic extract, three new triterpene oligoglycosides, mateglycosides A, B, and C, were isolated together with 18 known compounds. The chemical structures of new oligoglycosides were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. Several constituents showed inhibitory activities on ...
Thomas Denk - Naturhistoriska riksmuseet
I am interested in the evolution of northern hemispheric terrestrial ecosystems during the Late Cretaceous and the Cenozoic. I want to understand how climate change and the re-arrangement of continents, both of which are strongly influenced by plate tectonics, shaped distributional patterns of organisms across the Northern Hemisphere.. To achieve this, I am exploring the evolutionary histories of selected genera of flowering plants using the fossil record and molecular phylogenetic data. I am particularly interested in biogeographic changes of clades and whether or not these were accompanied by ecological shifts (niche evolution).. Target groups of my current research are the Fagaceae (oak family) with a major focus on the genus Quercus (oaks), a north hemispheric genus of about 400-600 species, and other plant genera in different families (Aquifoliaceae, Rosaceae, Sapindaceae, etc.).. I am also investigating the vegetation development in the Mediterranean region during the Neogene (the past 23 ...
The influence of leaf age on methylxanthines, total phenolic content, and free radical scavenging capacity of Ilex...
Yerba-mate (Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil., Aquifoliaceae) is a South American native species that is widely used for its industrial potential in the prep
The Role of the Substrate Lipid in Processive Glycan Polymerization by the Peptidoglycan Glycosyltransferases
NMR analysis shows that a b-type variant of Hydrogenobacter thermophilus cytochrome c552 retains its native structure. - Oxford...
Conversion of Hydrogenobacter thermophilus cytochrome c(552) into a b-type cytochrome by mutagenesis of both heme-binding cysteines to alanines significantly reduces the stability of the protein (Tomlinson, E. J., and Ferguson, S. J. (2000) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 97, 5156-5160). To understand the effects of this change on the structure and dynamics of the protein, hetero-nuclear (15)N-edited NMR techniques have been used to characterize this b-type variant. The backbone (15)N, (1)H(N), and (1)H(alpha), and (1)H(beta) resonances of the protein have been assigned. Analysis of (3)J(HN)alpha coupling constants, nuclear Overhauser enhancement intensities, and chemical shift index data demonstrates that the four alpha-helices present in the wild-type protein are retained in the b-type variant. Comparison of the chemical shifts for the b-type and wild-type proteins indicates that the tertiary structures of the two proteins are closely similar. Some subtle differences are, however, observed for
Mechanisms of isolated hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria in plant growth promotion and effects of hydrogen metabolism on...
Previous studies have showed that the hydrogen gas evolved from Hup - legume nodules promotes plant growth and increases the hydrogen uptake rate of soils adjacent to Hup - nodules. This may be resulted from hydrogen-induced variation of rhizobacterial community structure. Twenty isolates of hydrogen-oxidizing bacteria belonging to genera of Variovorax, Burkhorderia and Flavobacterium showed positive effect on root elongation. This study showed that isolates belonging to Variovorax and Flavobacterium had ACC deaminase activity and isolates belonging to Burkhorderia had the ability to excrete rhizobitoxine or its structural analogue such as AVG, which meant that they have the ability to promote plant growth by lowering of plant ethylene levels. TRFLP studies showed that hydrogen metabolism resulted in obvious variation of bacterial community structure in hydrogen treated soils compared to the controls. TRF peaks whose intensity increased obviously in profiles from hydrogen-treated soils were ...
News - canada.com
Latest Online and up to the minute breaking news for current events, latest headlines and photos. Opinions on what matters to Canadians from Canada and around the world
why aqueous solution of alcohol does not conduct electricity in the philippines
Potassium chloride (also known as KCl or potassium salt) is a metal halide salt composed of potassium and chlorine It is odorless and has a white or colorless vitreous crystal appearance The solid dissolves readily in water and its solutions have a salt-like taste KCl is used as a fertilizer in medicine in scientific applications and in food processing where it may be known as E number Request A Quotation! ...
KEGG PATHWAY: Pentose phosphate pathway - Hydrogenobacter thermophilus
The pentose phosphate pathway is a process of glucose turnover that produces NADPH as reducing equivalents and pentoses as essential parts of nucleotides. There are two different phases in the pathway. One is irreversible oxidative phase in which glucose-6P is converted to ribulose-5P by oxidative decarboxylation, and NADPH is generated [MD:M00006]. The other is reversible non-oxidative phase in which phosphorylated sugars are interconverted to generate xylulose-5P, ribulose-5P, and ribose-5P [MD:M00007]. Phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PRPP) formed from ribose-5P [MD:M00005] is an activated compound used in the biosynthesis of histidine and purine/pyrimidine nucleotides. This pathway map also shows the Entner-Doudoroff pathway where 6-P-gluconate is dehydrated and then cleaved into pyruvate and glyceraldehyde-3P [MD:M00008 ...
List of the Cenozoic life of Montana
Aquifoliaceae), extant and fossil. Notulae Systematicae ad Palaeofloram Europaeam spectantes II. Aquifoliaceae". Phytotaxa. 388 ...
... is a species of plant in the holly family, Aquifoliaceae, which is used to make a very bitter tea called kuding. ... "Aquifoliaceae". Flora of China. 11. pp. 364, 394. v t e. ...
2019 in paleobotany
Aquifoliaceae". Phytotaxa. 388 (2): 179-191. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.388.2.5. Mahasin Ali Khan; Kakali Mandal; Subir Bera (2019 ... Alexander B. Doweld (2019). "New names for Ilex and Ilexpollenites (Aquifoliaceae), extant and fossil. Notulae Systematicae ad ...
APG IV system
Aquifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, nom. cons. Asterales Link Rousseaceae DC. Campanulaceae Juss., nom. cons. Pentaphragmataceae J ...
Indian ice cream (Canada)
Aquifoliaceae) fruits. Scotti do Canto et al. "Sxusem: Indian Ice Cream « The EssentiaList". essentialstuff.org. Retrieved 2016 ... Aquifoliaceae) fruits". Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 46 (2): 237-243. doi:10.1590/S1984-82502010000200010. Hsu ...
Aquifoliaceae (0.07%); Sterculiaceae (0.07%); Solanaceae (0.05%); Clusiaceae (0.02%). The most important species consumed ... Aquifoliaceae (1%), Meliaceae (0.88%); Sapotaceae (0.85%); Burseraceae (0.81%); Apocynaceae (0.67%); Monimiaceae (0.23%); ...
Maunder, John E. (2012). "Aquifoliaceae: Holly Family". Digital Flora of Newfoundland and Labrador. "Ilex verticillata". ...
Aquifoliaceae family 2. Phellinaceae family 3. Sphenostemonaceae family 4. Icacinaceae family 5. Cardiopteridaceae family 6. ...
APG III system
Aquifoliales Senft Aquifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl §Cardiopteridaceae Blume (including Leptaulaceae Tiegh.) Helwingiaceae Decne ...
of the family Aquifoliaceae, now transferred to Ilex on molecular data; it is closely related to Ilex amelanchier. In Europe ... Ilex /ˈaɪlɛks/, or holly, is a genus of about 480 species of flowering plants in the family Aquifoliaceae, and the only living ... Loizeau, P.-A.; Barriera G.; Manen J.-F.; Broennimann O. (2005). "Towards an understanding of Ilex L. (Aquifoliaceae) on a ... Alexandra M. Gottlieb; Gustavo C. Giberti; Lidia Poggio (2005). "Molecular analyses of the genus Ilex (Aquifoliaceae) in ...
Notes on Costa Rican Aquifoliaceae. Novon 6:181-184. Zamora Villalobos, N., Q. Jiménez Madrigal & L. J. Poveda Álvarez. 2000. ...
Ilex Integra belongs to Aquifoliaceae, evergreen trees. The crown is beautiful, resistant to wind, drought-resistant, and ...
Pollen Aquifoliaceae Gemmatricolpites subsphaericus Haloragaceae Myriophyllumpollenites sp. Oenotheraceae Corsinipollenites ...
Aquifoliaceae) Extract as Obtained by Spray Drying". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59 (10): 5523-5527. doi: ...
Ludwig Eduard Theodor Loesener
His speciality was the Aquifoliaceae of the world. He also studied cultivars of Ilex species. His name is often spelled as ' ...
... is a large shrub or small tree up to 6 metres (20 ft) tall. The branches are covered in shiny dark brown or black bark which becomes flaky with age. The twigs are purple. Some branches have a thick coat of fine hairs. The leaves are up to 18 centimeters (7.2 inches) long by 7 cm (2.8 inches) wide. The leaf margins are partially or entirely toothed or wavy. The species is dioecious, with male and female reproductive parts occurring on separate individuals. The fruit is a spherical red drupe. The seeds are dispersed by animals, which eat the fruits. ...
... is a species in the Ilex (holly) genus and the family Aquifoliaceae. This evergreen shrub or small tree occurs in ...
Gottlieb, A. M.; Giberti, G. C.; Poggio, L. (2005). "Molecular analyses of the genus Ilex (Aquifoliaceae) in southern South ... Aquifoliaceae) revisited with molecular data". Kew Bulletin. 55 (1): 341-347. doi:10.2307/4115646. JSTOR 4115646. ...
B. Breuer; T. Stuhlfauth; H. Fock; H. Huber (1987). "Fatty acids of some Cornaceae, Hydrangeaceae, Aquifoliaceae, ...
... aquifoliaceae, hamamelidaceae and styracaceae". Phytochemistry. 26 (5): 1441-1445. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)81830-0. Maas, P.J ...
Cuénoud studied the phylogeny of the genus Ilex (hollies and related species, Aquifoliaceae) with Jean-François Manen, Pierre- ... Aquifoliaceae). Annals of Botany, 85: 111-122. Cuénoud P., Savolainen V., Chatrou L.W., Powell M., Grayer R.J., Chase M.W. ( ... Aquifoliaceae) revisited with molecular data. Kew Bulletin, 55: 341-347. Cuénoud, P. (2003). Introduction to Expanded ...
... is a plant species in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is endemic to Jamaica. It is threatened by habitat loss. ...
It is a species of plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is found in the Macaronesian islands of Madeira (Portugal) and Canary ... Ilex canariensis is a plant in the family Aquifoliaceae related to European holly, endemic to Madeira and the Canary Islands. ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is endemic to Peru. World Conservation Monitoring ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is endemic to Venezuela. World Conservation Monitoring ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is found in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Panama. It is ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is endemic to Honduras. It is a seldom collected species ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is endemic to Jamaica. World Conservation Monitoring ...
... is a species of plant in the family Aquifoliaceae. It is endemic to Peninsular Malaysia. It is threatened by ...
Flora of New York/Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Family Aquifoliaceae. The Aquifoliaceae (holly family) ... Ilex. Ilex contains trees and shrubs generally known as ... Flora of New York - Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae →. Carduoideae Table of. contents Genus. index Protected ... Flora of New York - Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae →. Carduoideae Table of. contents Genus. index Protected ... Flora of New York/Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world ...
A cryopreservation protocol for immature zygotic embryos of species of Ilex (Aquifoliaceae)
A cryopreservation protocol for immature zygotic embryos of species of Ilex (Aquifoliaceae)
Endosperm and endocarp effects on the Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-...: Ingenta Connect
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin
Ilex ambigua - Wikipedia
Ilex ambigua is a large shrub or small tree up to 6 metres (20 ft) tall. The branches are covered in shiny dark brown or black bark which becomes flaky with age. The twigs are purple. Some branches have a thick coat of fine hairs. The leaves are up to 18 centimeters (7.2 inches) long by 7 cm (2.8 inches) wide. The leaf margins are partially or entirely toothed or wavy. The species is dioecious, with male and female reproductive parts occurring on separate individuals. The fruit is a spherical red drupe. The seeds are dispersed by animals, which eat the fruits. ...
Ilex pernyi - Wikipedia
Universal Chalcidoidea Database
Universal Chalcidoidea Database
SEINet Portal NetworkWeb-KeyCaddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge
Ilex crenata - Wikimedia Commons
A Guide to the Ellen Schulz Quillin Papers, 1924-1968
Sistema APG III - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
Система APG IV - Википедия
321 CMR 10.00: Massachusetts Endangered Species Act | Mass.gov
Aquifoliaceae (Hollies). Mountain Winterberry Ilex montana E. Araceae (Arums). Green Dragon Arisaema dracontium T. Golden Club ... Ilex, Aquifoliaceae. Inchworm, Butterflies and Moths. Isoetes, Isoetaceae. Isotria, Orchidaceae. Itame, Butterflies and Moths. ... Winterberry, Aquifoliaceae. Wood-mint, Lamiaceae. Wood-sorrel, Oxalidaceae. Woodrush, Juncaceae. Woodsia, Dryopteridaceae. Wren ...
APG III-systeem - Wikipedia
Natural Compounds | SpringerLink
Alphabetical Browse | Britannica
An Ecological Comparison of Floristic Composition in Seasonal Semideciduous Forest in Southeast Brazil: Implications for...
Plants Profile for Ilex aquifolium (English holly)
Flora of New York/Family index - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Erowid Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) Vault
Plants Profile for Ilex opaca arenicola (American holly)
Ilexgenin A, a novel pentacyclic triterpenoid extracted from Aquifoliaceae shows reduction of LPS-induced peritonitis in mice
Holly Uses, Benefits & Dosage - Drugs.com Herbal Database
MBG: Research: Projects: Africa: Malagasy/Indo-australo-malesian Phytogeographic Connections
APG IV-rendszer - Wikipédia
- The genus Ilex belongs to the Aquifoliaceae family, which consists of about 600 species that inhabit temperate and tropical regions of the world. (scielo.org.ar)
- Ilex pernyi is a species in the Ilex (holly) genus and the family Aquifoliaceae . (wikipedia.org)
- New names for Ilex and Ilexpollenites (Aquifoliaceae), extant and fossil. (wikipedia.org)
- Ilex kaushue is a species of plant in the holly family, Aquifoliaceae, which is used to make a very bitter tea called kuding. (wikipedia.org)
- Holly, Ilex aquifolium (Aquifoliaceae). (tolweb.org)
- The cosmopolitan plant genus Ilex L. (Aquifoliaceae Bartl. (mdpi.com)
- Aquifoliaceae of Neotropics Ilex guayusa Loes. (lycaeum.org)
- aquifoliaceae infusion on allium cepa assay / Avaliação de mutagenicidade e de antimutagenicidade da infusão de ilex paraguariensis a. st.-hil. (bvsalud.org)
- Aquifoliaceae ) / Populational dynamics of mites ( Acari ) in the mate-tea tree ( Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (bvsalud.org)
- This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ilex (family Aquifoliaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
- erva-mate ), Ilex paraguariensis , is a species of holly (family Aquifoliaceae ) native to subtropical South America in northeastern Argentina , Bolivia , Paraguay and southern Brazil . (thefullwiki.org)
- Inflorescences morphology of Ilex L. (Aquifoliaceae) species from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. (springer.com)
- see maté maté , yerba maté , or Paraguay tea, evergreen tree ( Ilex paraguariensis ) of the family Aquifoliaceae (holly family). (thefreedictionary.com)
- Aquifoliaceae)/ Identificacao molecular de plantas polinizadoras em uma progenie da matriz de erva-mate (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The genus Ilex , of the family Aquifoliaceae, is distributed in temperate, tropical and subtropical regions. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Molecular analyses of the genus Ilex (Aquifoliaceae) in southern South America, evidence from AFLP and ITS sequence data. (wikipedia.org)
- Aquifoliaceae) is a South American native species that is widely used for its industrial potential in the preparation of drinks, teas and cosmetics. (springer.com)
- The mountain holly (Nemopanthus mucronatus: Aquifoliaceae) revisited with molecular data. (wikipedia.org)
- Comprende las especies y subespecies de flora vascular presentes en la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias, además de sus géneros y familias correspondientes (no se han incluido híbridos). (gbif.org)
- Para su elaboración se ha utilizado como fuente primaria Flora iberica ( http://www.floraiberica.es ) y ha sido completada con taxones mencionados en la legislación (Atlas y Libros Rojos), así como otras obras donde se recogen taxones canarios, alóctonos u otros aún no tratados por esta obra (ver apartado Citations). (gbif.org)
- En caso de discrepancia entre los autores de los nombres científicos entre IPNI y Flora iberica, se ha seguido el criterio de Flora iberica y mantenido el LSID de IPNI. (gbif.org)
- Para la taxonomía se ha seguido en lo posible a Flora iberica (incluyendo las listadas como «Especies que han de buscarse») y subsidiariamente el proyecto Anthos ( http://www.anthos.es/ ). (gbif.org)
- Así como organizar y actualizar la información generada del proyecto florístico 'Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán ' que surgió en 1979. (gbif.org)
- Petenaea Lundell (mogelijk Malvales ), en Nicobariodendron (mogelijk Celastraceae ). (wikipedia.org)
- Aquifoliaceae ) is the basis for a hot drink very common in southern Brazil and other countries such as Argentina , Paraguay and Uruguay the mate. (bvsalud.org)
- Aquifoliaceae ) é a base de uma bebida quente muito comum no sul do Brasil e em outros países tais como Argentina , Paraguai e Uruguai . (bvsalud.org)
- Japanese holly is an Aquifoliaceae evergreen tree and is used for hedges and garden trees. (gob.mx)
- Questions on Christmas-related paraphernalia, or the tree family Aquifoliaceae? (theafterword.co.uk)
- Plate 50 from The flora of South Africa (vol. 2, part 2) featuring Buxaceae, Balsaminaceae & Aquifoliaceae. (sun.ac.za)