Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Common name for FISHES belonging to the order Perciformes and occurring in three different families.
Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.
A huge subclass of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 14,000 species. The 10 orders comprise both planktonic and benthic organisms, and include both free-living and parasitic forms. Planktonic copepods form the principle link between PHYTOPLANKTON and the higher trophic levels of the marine food chains.
A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.
A plant genus of the family Acanthaceae. Members contain NAPHTHOQUINONES. Black mangroves (common name for the genus) are distinguished from other mangroves by their spike-like aerial roots called pneumatophores that project from the soil or water surrounding the plants.
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.
Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.
A plant family of the order Rhizophorales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, that includes mangrove trees.
A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the penaeid shrimp. Species of the genus Penaeus are the most important commercial shrimp throughout the world.
A freshwater fish used as an experimental organism and for food. This genus of the family Cichlidae (CICHLIDS) inhabits Central and South America (one species extends north into Texas), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
A species of PERCIFORMES commonly used in saline aquaculture.
A species of fish in the cod family GADIDAE, known as the Atlantic cod. It is one of the most important commercial FISHES.
A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.
A family of North American freshwater CATFISHES. It consists of four genera (Ameiurus, Ictalurus, Noturus, Pylodictis,) comprising several species, two of which are eyeless.
Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.
Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.
A species of EDWARDSIELLA distinguished by its nonmotility. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
A partially enclosed body of water, and its surrounding coastal habitats, where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers or streams. The resulting mixture of seawater and fresh water is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt. (accessed
Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.
A species of gram-negative bacteria, in the family Aeromonadaceae. It is strictly parasitic and often pathogenic causing FURUNCULOSIS in SALMONIDS and ulcer disease in GOLDFISH.
A TETRACYCLINE analog isolated from the actinomycete STREPTOMYCES rimosus and used in a wide variety of clinical conditions.
RNA virus infections refer to diseases caused by viruses that have RNA as their genetic material, which includes a wide range of pathogens affecting humans, animals, and plants, manifesting in various clinical symptoms and potentially leading to significant morbidity and mortality.
A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)
Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.
Infections with bacteria of the family FLAVOBACTERIACEAE.
Class of parasitic flukes consisting of three subclasses, Monogenea, Aspidogastrea, and Digenea. The digenetic trematodes are the only ones found in man. They are endoparasites and require two hosts to complete their life cycle.
A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).
A genus of oysters in the family OSTREIDAE, class BIVALVIA.
A plant family of the order Primulales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that may be pathogenic for frogs, fish, and mammals, including man. In humans, cellulitis and diarrhea can result from infection with this organism.
Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.
A family of CRUSTACEA, order DECAPODA, comprising the palaemonid shrimp. Genera include Macrobrachium, Palaemon, and Palaemonetes. Palaemonidae osmoregulate by means of gills.
A genus of OOMYCETES in the family Saprolegniaceae. It is a parasite and pathogen of freshwater FISHES.
A large family of mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, known commonly as scallops. They possess flat, almost circular shells and are found in all seas from shallow water to great depths.
The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.
A methylsulfonyl analog of CHLORAMPHENICOL. It is an antibiotic and immunosuppressive agent.
A genus of VIBRIONACEAE, made up of short, slightly curved, motile, gram-negative rods. Various species produce cholera and other gastrointestinal disorders as well as abortion in sheep and cattle.
A family of RNA viruses infecting insects and fish. There are two genera: Alphanodavirus and Betanodavirus.
A genus of SPONGES in the family Dysideidae, in which all skeletal fibers are filled with detritus.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in SOIL and WATER. Its organisms are also found in raw meats, MILK and other FOOD, hospital environments, and human clinical specimens. Some species are pathogenic in humans.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
A family of RNA viruses that infect fungi and protozoa. There are three genera: TOTIVIRUS; GIARDIAVIRUS; and LEISHMANIAVIRUS.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
A species of DNA virus, in the genus WHISPOVIRUS, infecting PENAEID SHRIMP.
A genus of IRIDOVIRIDAE comprising small iridescent insect viruses. The infected larvae and purified virus pellets exhibit a blue to purple iridescence.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Idaho" is a U.S. state located in the Pacific Northwest and it doesn't have a medical definition. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like me to define, I'd be happy to help!
The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.
A genus of CRUSTACEA of the order ANOSTRACA, found in briny pools and lakes and often cultured for fish food. It has 168 chromosomes and differs from most crustaceans in that its blood contains hemoglobin.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
A genus of GREEN ALGAE in the family Ulvaceae. Commonly know as sea lettuces, they grow attached to rocks and KELP in marine and estuarine waters.
*Medically unexceptional, the Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental body of water that separates Southern Europe from Northern Africa and the Middle East, infamous for historical epidemics like plague, which have significantly shaped human health history.*
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that are common in the marine environment and on the surfaces and in the intestinal contents of marine animals. Some species are bioluminescent and are found as symbionts in specialized luminous organs of fish.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
A persistent skin infection marked by the presence of furuncles, often chronic and recurrent. In humans, the causative agent is various species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS. In salmonid fish (SALMONIDS), the pathogen is AEROMONAS SALMONICIDA.
Infections with bacteria of the genus VIBRIO.
Common name for two families of FLATFISHES belonging to the order Pleuronectiformes: left-eye flounders (Bothidae) and right-eye flounders (Pleuronectidae). The latter is more commonly used in research.
Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Anguilla is not a term with a widely accepted medical definition; however, it is the scientific name for the freshwater eel species, and if used in a medical context, it may refer to a rare condition called Anguillula nephria, which is an intestinal infection caused by a roundworm.
The largest order of CRUSTACEA, comprising over 10,000 species. They are characterized by three pairs of thoracic appendages modified as maxillipeds, and five pairs of thoracic legs. The order includes the familiar shrimps, crayfish (ASTACOIDEA), true crabs (BRACHYURA), and lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE and PALINURIDAE), among others.
A primitive form of digestive gland found in marine ARTHROPODS, that contains cells similar to those found in the mammalian liver (HEPATOCYTES), and the PANCREAS.
Overlapping of cloned or sequenced DNA to construct a continuous region of a gene, chromosome or genome.
A family of gram-negative bacteria whose members predominate in the bacterial flora of PLANKTON; FISHES; and SEAWATER. Some members are important pathogens for humans and animals.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
A species of mussel in the genus MYTILUS, family MYTILIDAE, class BIVALVIA, known as the common mussel. It has a bluish-black shell and is highly edible.
Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.
A genus of IRIDOVIRIDAE which infects fish, amphibians and reptiles. It is non-pathogenic for its natural host, Rana pipiens, but is lethal for other frogs, toads, turtles and salamanders. Frog virus 3 is the type species.
Synthetic antimicrobial related to NALIDIXIC ACID and used in URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A genus in the family RHABDOVIRIDAE, infecting numerous species of fish with broad geographic distribution. The type species is INFECTIOUS HEMATOPOIETIC NECROSIS VIRUS.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.
Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.
A family of anaerobic METHANOMICROBIALES whose cells are coccoid to straight or slightly curved rods. There are six genera.
Organisms that live in water.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Poisoning from toxins present in bivalve mollusks that have been ingested. Four distinct types of shellfish poisoning are recognized based on the toxin involved.
Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.

Arbitrarily primed PCR to type Vibrio spp. pathogenic for shrimp. (1/762)

A molecular typing study on Vibrio strains implicated in shrimp disease outbreaks in New Caledonia and Japan was conducted by using AP-PCR (arbitrarily primed PCR). It allowed rapid identification of isolates at the genospecies level and studies of infraspecific population structures of epidemiological interest. Clusters identified within the species Vibrio penaeicida were related to their area of origin, allowing discrimination between Japanese and New Caledonian isolates, as well as between those from two different bays in New Caledonia separated by only 50 km. Other subclusters of New Caledonian V. penaeicida isolates could be identified, but it was not possible to link those differences to accurate epidemiological features. This contribution of AP-PCR to the study of vibriosis in penaeid shrimps demonstrates its high discriminating power and the relevance of the epidemiological information provided. This approach would contribute to better knowledge of the ecology of Vibrio spp. and their implication in shrimp disease in aquaculture.  (+info)

Natural mass infection by heterophyid metacercariae in aquacultured Japanese eel in Taiwan. (2/762)

A natural mass infection of heterophyid metacercariae in aquacultured Japanese eel Anguilla japonica in Taiwan was observed. Of the 28,000 adult eels in 2 ponds, about 25,000 (90%) showed swollen, cloudy and white eyes. Although morbidity was about 90%, there was no mortality among the affected eels. Histopathological sections showed edema and hemorrhage of the eye. Numerous metacercariae were observed in the muscle tissues around the eyeball, the subcutaneous tissue and even in the cartilage. Of the 6 eels digested with artificial gastric juice, all were found to contain metacercariae in their muscle tissues. The average number of metacercariae recovered from the 6 eels was 1219, with a range of 50 to 3762. These metacercariae, when fed orally to immunodeficient (scid) mice, developed into adult worms which were identified as Procerovum cheni Hsu 1950. The naturally infected eels were transferred to a new pond without snails and their eye lesions were not apparent anymore after 2 wk. In a follow-up investigation, 19 of 20 apparently healthy eels in a nearby aquaculture farm were found to harbour metacercariae in their muscles. However, the number of the metacercariae ranged from 1 to 14, with an average of 4.21. This is the first report of heterophyid metacercariae causing mass morbidity in aquacultured eels.  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus causing infection in Iberian toothcarp Aphanius iberus. (3/762)

High mortality among laboratory cultured Iberian toothcarp Aphanius iberus occurred in February 1997 in Valencia (Spain). The main signs of the disease were external haemorrhage and tail rot. Bacteria isolated from internal organs of infected fish were biochemically homogeneous and identified as Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The bacteria were haemolytic against erythrocytes from eel Anguilla anguilla, amberjack Seriola dumerili, toothcarp A. iberus and humans, and were Kanagawa-phenomenon-negative. Infectivity tests showed that the virulence for A. iberus was dependent on salinity. Finally, all strains were virulent for amberjack and eel.  (+info)

A yellow head virus gene probe: nucleotide sequence and application for in situ hybridization. (4/762)

A portion of the genome of yellow head virus (YHV) of penaeid shrimp was cloned and the cDNA fragment (1161 bp) was designated clone 3-27. The fragment was labeled with digoxigenin and hybridized in situ to tissue sections of YHV-infected Penaeus vannamei. Positively reacting tissues included those of the lymphoid organ, cuticular epithelium, and gills. In addition, connective tissue of hepatopancreas, heart, antennal gland, hematopoietic organ, nerve tract, midgut cecum and muscle reacted to the probe. The probe was highly specific since it hybridized only to tissues from YHV-infected shrimp. It did not react to those of uninfected shrimp or shrimp infected with WSSV (white spot syndrome virus), IHHNV (infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus), or TSV (Taura syndrome virus). The clone was sequenced, and primers were synthesized for rapid detection of YHV in hemolymph using RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction). The strand that constituted the viral sequence in the cDNA was also determined via RT-PCR and in situ hybridization with a single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) probe.  (+info)

Indole-positive Vibrio vulnificus isolated from disease outbreaks on a Danish eel farm. (5/762)

Vibrio vulnificus was isolated in 1996 from 2 disease outbreaks on a Danish eel farm which used brackish water. A characteristic clinical sign was extensive, deep muscle necrosis in the head region. V. vulnificus was isolated from kidney, mucus, spleen, gill and intestine of diseased eels. Thirty-two isolates were examined phenotypically and serologically for pathogenicity to eels and for correlation to ribotype and plasmid profile. Biochemically, the isolates showed properties similar to those described previously for eel-pathogenic strains of V. vulnificus, with the exception of indole production. Virulence was evaluated by LD50 (the 50% lethal dose), which ranged from < 9.4 x 10(3) to 2.3 x 10(5) CFU (colony-forming units) per fish. The isolates which were lethal for eels showed identical ribotypes and serotypes. A relationship between certain plasmids and virulence was not found. A serotyping system based on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-associated O antigen type and on carbohydrate capsule antigens showed that the eel-virulent isolates shared a common LPS-based homogeneous O serogroup and a capsule antigen. V. vulnificus serovar O4 and capsule type 9 was identical serologically to the Japanese isolate ATCC 33149 and was the agent responsible for the disease outbreaks that occurred on the Danish eel farm. Despite absence of antibiotic resistance, treatment had little effect and disease reoccurred.  (+info)

Vibrios associated with Litopenaeus vannamei larvae, postlarvae, broodstock, and hatchery probionts. (6/762)

Several bacteriological surveys were performed from 1994 to 1996 at different Litopenaeus vannamei hatcheries (in Ecuador) and shrimp farms (in Mexico). Samples were taken from routine productions of healthy and diseased L. vannamei larvae, postlarvae, and their culture environment and from healthy and diseased juveniles and broodstock. In Ecuador, the dominant bacterial flora associated with shrimp larvae showing symptoms of zoea 2 syndrome, mysis mold syndrome, and bolitas syndrome has been determined. Strains were characterized by Biolog metabolic fingerprinting and identified by comparison to a database of 850 Vibrio type and reference strains. A selection of strains was further genotypically fine typed by AFLP. Vibrio alginolyticus is predominantly present in all larval stages and is associated with healthy nauplius and zoea stages. AFLP genetic fingerprinting shows high genetic heterogeneity among V. alginolyticus strains, and the results suggest that putative probiotic and pathogenic strains each have specific genotypes. V. alginolyticus was found to be associated with larvae with the zoea 2 syndrome and the mysis mold syndrome, while different Vibrio species (V. alginolyticus and V. harveyi) are associated with the bolitas syndrome. V. harveyi is associated with diseased postlarvae, juveniles, and broodstock. The identities of the strains identified as V. harveyi by the Biolog system could not be unambiguously confirmed by AFLP genomic fingerprinting. Vibrio strain STD3-988 and one unidentified strain (STD3-959) are suspected pathogens of only juvenile and adult stages. V. parahaemolyticus, Photobacterium damselae, and V. mimicus are associated with juvenile and adult stages.  (+info)

Gill lamellar pillar cell necrosis, a new birnavirus disease in Japanese eels. (7/762)

Since the late 1980s, a birnaviral gill disease has been occurring in Japanese eels Anguilla japonica reared in warmwater ponds in western regions in Japan. Diseased eels mostly displayed marked formations of aneurysmal hematomas within gill lamellae and high mortalities. Histological examination revealed necrosis of pillar cells and subsequent aggregation of erythrocytes inside the lamellar capillaries, and proliferation of interlamellar epithelia onto the lamellae. Gastric gland cells were also necrotized. Electron microscopy revealed birnavirus infection in lamellar pillar cells. The causative birnavirus was isolated and cultured in fish cell lines and was found to be related to an infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) Sp serotype by neutralization tests. The viral pathogenicity was confirmed by the results of histopathological examinations and infectivity experiments.  (+info)

Routes of entry of Piscirickettsia salmonis in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. (8/762)

Since 1989, Piscirickettsia salmonis, the causal agent of piscirickettsiosis, has killed millions of farmed salmonids each year in southern Chile. The portal of entry for the pathogen was investigated by use of selected experimental infections in juvenile rainbow trout (12 g). The methods used were intraperitoneal injection, subcutaneous injection, patch contact on skin, patch contact on gills, intestinal intubation and gastric intubation. Cumulative mortalities at Day 33 post-inoculation were 98, 100, 52, 24, 24, and 2%, respectively. It was shown that intact skin and gills could be penetrated by P. salmonis. The high mortality obtained in subcutaneously injected fish indicated that skin injuries could facilitate the invasion of this pathogen. Results suggested that the main entry sites are through the skin and gills and that the oral route may not be the normal method by which P. salmonis initiates infection of salmonids.  (+info)

Aquaculture is the controlled cultivation and farming of aquatic organisms, such as fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and aquatic plants, in both freshwater and saltwater environments. It involves the breeding, rearing, and harvesting of these organisms under controlled conditions to produce food, feed, recreational resources, and other products for human use. Aquaculture can take place in a variety of systems, including ponds, raceways, tanks, and cages, and it is an important source of protein and livelihoods for many people around the world.

"Fish diseases" is a broad term that refers to various health conditions and infections affecting fish populations in aquaculture, ornamental fish tanks, or wild aquatic environments. These diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or environmental factors such as water quality, temperature, and stress.

Some common examples of fish diseases include:

1. Bacterial diseases: Examples include furunculosis (caused by Aeromonas salmonicida), columnaris disease (caused by Flavobacterium columnare), and enteric septicemia of catfish (caused by Edwardsiella ictaluri).

2. Viral diseases: Examples include infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) in salmonids, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), and koi herpesvirus (KHV).

3. Fungal diseases: Examples include saprolegniasis (caused by Saprolegnia spp.) and cotton wool disease (caused by Aphanomyces spp.).

4. Parasitic diseases: Examples include ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich), costia, trichodina, and various worm infestations such as anchor worms (Lernaea spp.) and tapeworms (Diphyllobothrium spp.).

5. Environmental diseases: These are caused by poor water quality, temperature stress, or other environmental factors that weaken the fish's immune system and make them more susceptible to infections. Examples include osmoregulatory disorders, ammonia toxicity, and low dissolved oxygen levels.

It is essential to diagnose and treat fish diseases promptly to prevent their spread among fish populations and maintain healthy aquatic ecosystems. Preventative measures such as proper sanitation, water quality management, biosecurity practices, and vaccination can help reduce the risk of fish diseases in both farmed and ornamental fish settings.

I believe there may be a misunderstanding in your question. The term "fishes" is not typically used in a medical context. "Fish" or "fishes" refers to any aquatic organism belonging to the taxonomic class Actinopterygii (bony fish), Chondrichthyes (sharks and rays), or Agnatha (jawless fish).

However, if you are referring to a condition related to fish or consuming fish, there is a medical issue called scombroid fish poisoning. It's a foodborne illness caused by eating spoiled or improperly stored fish from the Scombridae family, which includes tuna, mackerel, and bonito, among others. The bacteria present in these fish can produce histamine, which can cause symptoms like skin flushing, headache, diarrhea, and itchy rash. But again, this is not related to the term "fishes" itself but rather a condition associated with consuming certain types of fish.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Fisheries" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Fisheries are places or practices concerned with the catching, processing, or selling of fish, shellfish, and other forms of aquatic life. They can refer to commercial operations, recreational activities, or scientific research related to aquatic species. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I'd be happy to help answer those for you!

I apologize for any confusion, but "bass" is not a medical term. It is a term that can have several meanings depending on the context. In music, "bass" refers to a low-pitched sound or instrument. In fishing and aquatic biology, "bass" refers to various species of freshwater fish.

If you are looking for a medical term related to the human body, perhaps you meant "brachial basal sulcus" or "basilar artery." If you can provide more context or clarify your question, I would be happy to help further!

"Catfishes" is a term that refers to a group of ray-finned fish belonging to the order Siluriformes. However, in a medical or clinical context, "catfishing" has taken on a different meaning. It is a term used to describe the phenomenon of creating a false online identity to deceive someone, particularly in social media or dating websites. The person who creates the fake identity is called a "catfish." This behavior can have serious emotional and psychological consequences for those who are being deceived.

Copepoda is a subclass of small crustaceans found in various aquatic environments, including marine and freshwater. They are typically characterized by a segmented body with a distinct head and thorax, and they have a pair of antennae, mandibles, and maxillules used for feeding. Copepods are important members of the zooplankton community and serve as a significant food source for many larger aquatic organisms, such as fish and whales. Some copepod species can also be parasitic, infecting various marine animals, including fish, crustaceans, and mammals.

"Salmo salar" is the scientific name for the Atlantic salmon, which is a species of ray-finned fish belonging to the family Salmonidae. This anadromous fish is born in freshwater, migrates to the sea as a juvenile, then returns to freshwater to reproduce. The Atlantic salmon is highly valued for its nutritional content and is a popular choice for food worldwide. It's also an important species for recreational fishing and aquaculture.

"Avicennia" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Acanthaceae, commonly known as mangrove trees. The name "Avicennia" comes from the Persian physician and philosopher Avicenna (Ibn Sina), who wrote about the medicinal properties of the tree in his works. These trees are adapted to grow in coastal areas that are flooded by high tides, and they play an important role in protecting coastlines from erosion and providing habitat for a variety of wildlife. Some species of Avicennia are also used in traditional medicine and for other purposes, such as timber and tannin production.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Salmon" is not a medical term. It is a common name for various species of fish that belong to the family Salmonidae and are known for their distinctive pink or red flesh. They are an important source of food and are popular in many cuisines around the world. If you have any questions about medical terminology, I'd be happy to help with those instead!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Ponds" is not a medical term. A pond is a body of still water, either natural or man-made, that is smaller than a lake. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those!

Flatfishes are a group of marine fish characterized by having both eyes on one side of their head, which is flattened laterally. This gives them a distinctive asymmetrical appearance. They belong to the order Pleuronectiformes and include various species such as halibut, flounder, sole, and plaice. Flatfishes start their life with eyes on both sides of their head, but during development, one eye migrates to the other side of the head, a process known as metamorphosis. They are bottom-dwelling predators that rely on their excellent camouflage abilities to ambush prey.

Rhizophoraceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as mangrove family. It includes several genera of trees and shrubs that are adapted to grow in the brackish water of coastal swamps and estuaries in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The plants in this family have specialized root systems, called prop roots or stilt roots, which provide support and help the plants take in oxygen from the air. They also have thick, leathery leaves that are resistant to saltwater. Some of the well-known genera in Rhizophoraceae include Rhizophora, Bruguiera, Ceriops, and Kandelia.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Penaeidae" is not a medical term. It is actually the scientific name of a family of crustaceans, specifically marine decapods, commonly known as prawns or shrimps. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help with those instead.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Tilapia" is not a medical term. It is a common name used to refer to various species of freshwater fish that belong to the cichlid family. They are often farmed and consumed as a food source due to their mild flavor and high protein content. If you have any questions about a medical condition or term, I'd be happy to help with those!

Ectoparasitic infestations refer to the invasion and multiplication of parasites, such as lice, fleas, ticks, or mites, on the outer surface of a host organism, typically causing irritation, itching, and other skin disorders. These parasites survive by feeding on the host's blood, skin cells, or other bodily substances, leading to various health issues if left untreated.

Ectoparasitic infestations can occur in humans as well as animals and may require medical intervention for proper diagnosis and treatment. Common symptoms include redness, rash, inflammation, and secondary bacterial or viral infections due to excessive scratching. Preventive measures such as personal hygiene, regular inspections, and avoiding contact with infested individuals or environments can help reduce the risk of ectoparasitic infestations.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Sea Bream" is a common name for several species of fish that are often consumed as food, particularly in coastal regions where they are found. It is not a medical term or concept.

Sea breams belong to the family Sparidae and are marine fish that inhabit temperate and tropical waters worldwide. They are characterized by their laterally compressed bodies and large scales. Some common examples of sea bream include the red seabream (Pagrus major), black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus), and the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata).

While there may be medical studies examining the health benefits or risks associated with consuming sea bream, the term itself does not have a specific medical definition.

"Gadus morhua" is the scientific name for the species of fish known as the Atlantic cod. It belongs to the Gadidae family and is a cold-water fish that is widely distributed in the North Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic cod is an important species economically, with its white flaky meat being highly sought after in many culinary traditions. Additionally, it has been extensively studied in fisheries science and ecology due to its historical importance as a target of commercial fishing.

Oncorhynchus mykiss is the scientific name for a species of fish that is commonly known as the Rainbow Trout. According to the medical or clinical definition provided by the US National Library of Medicine, Oncorhynchus mykiss is "a freshwater fish that is widely cultured and an important food source in many parts of the world." It is also a popular game fish and is often stocked in lakes and rivers for recreational fishing. Rainbow trout are native to cold-water tributaries that flow into the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America. They have been introduced widely throughout the world and can now be found in freshwater systems on every continent except Antarctica. Rainbow trout are a valuable species for both commercial and recreational fisheries, and they also play an important role in the food web as both predators and prey.

Ictaluridae is not a term that has a medical definition, as it pertains to the field of biology and zoology rather than medicine. Ictaluridae is the family of freshwater fishes commonly known as "North American catfishes." These fishes are characterized by their barbels, which resemble cats' whiskers, and their armored bodies.

However, in a medical context, certain types of Ictaluridae may be mentioned in relation to food safety or allergies. For example, if a patient has an allergy to fish, they may need to avoid consuming Ictaluridae species such as channel catfish or blue catfish. Similarly, if there is a concern about foodborne illness, certain types of Ictaluridae may be implicated in outbreaks of diseases such as scombrotoxin poisoning.

Therefore, while "Ictaluridae" itself does not have a medical definition, it is a term that may be used in medicine in relation to food safety or allergies.

Trematode infections, also known as trematodiasis or fluke infections, are parasitic diseases caused by various species of flatworms called trematodes. These parasites have an indirect life cycle involving one or two intermediate hosts (such as snails or fish) and a definitive host (usually a mammal or bird).

Humans can become accidentally infected when they consume raw or undercooked aquatic plants, animals, or contaminated water that contains the larval stages of these parasites. The most common trematode infections affecting humans include:

1. Schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia): Caused by several species of blood flukes (Schistosoma spp.). Adult worms live in the blood vessels, and their eggs can cause inflammation and damage to various organs, such as the liver, intestines, bladder, or lungs.
2. Liver flukes: Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica are common liver fluke species that infect humans through contaminated watercress or other aquatic plants. These parasites can cause liver damage, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and eosinophilia (elevated eosinophil count in the blood).
3. Lung flukes: Paragonimus spp. are lung fluke species that infect humans through consumption of raw or undercooked crustaceans. These parasites can cause coughing, chest pain, and bloody sputum.
4. Intestinal flukes: Various species of intestinal flukes (e.g., Haplorchis spp., Metagonimus yokogawai) infect humans through consumption of raw or undercooked fish. These parasites can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and eosinophilia.
5. Eye fluke: The oriental eye fluke (Drepanotrema spp.) can infect the human eye through contaminated water. It can cause eye inflammation, corneal ulcers, and vision loss.

Prevention measures include avoiding consumption of raw or undercooked aquatic plants, animals, and their products; practicing good hygiene; and treating drinking water to kill parasites. Treatment typically involves administering anthelmintic drugs such as praziquantel, albendazole, or mebendazole, depending on the specific fluke species involved.

I cannot provide a medical definition for "carps" as it is not a term used in medicine. The term "carp" refers to a type of freshwater fish that belongs to the family Cyprinidae. If you meant to ask about something else, please provide more context or clarify your question.

'Edwardsiella ictaluri' is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae. It is a facultative anaerobe, which means it can grow in both the presence and absence of oxygen. This bacterium is known to cause enteric septicemia of catfish (ESC), a significant disease in farm-raised catfish in the United States. The infection can lead to high mortality rates in young fish, causing significant economic losses for the aquaculture industry. It's essential to maintain proper biosecurity measures and use effective vaccines to control ESC in farmed catfish.

An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with a free connection to the open sea, within which seawater is measurably diluted with freshwater derived from land drainage. Estuaries are characterized by their unique physical properties, including a mixing zone of seawater and freshwater, as well as a distinct salinity gradient. They provide critical habitat for many species of fish, birds, and other wildlife, and perform important ecological functions such as water filtration, nutrient cycling, and storm protection. Estuaries are also economically valuable, supporting industries such as fishing, shipping, and tourism.

Parasitic diseases, animal, refer to conditions in animals that are caused by parasites, which are organisms that live on or inside a host and derive benefits from the host at its expense. Parasites can be classified into different groups such as protozoa, helminths (worms), and arthropods (e.g., ticks, fleas).

Parasitic diseases in animals can cause a wide range of clinical signs depending on the type of parasite, the animal species affected, and the location and extent of infection. Some common examples of parasitic diseases in animals include:

* Heartworm disease in dogs and cats caused by Dirofilaria immitis
* Coccidiosis in various animals caused by different species of Eimeria
* Toxoplasmosis in cats and other animals caused by Toxoplasma gondii
* Giardiasis in many animal species caused by Giardia spp.
* Lungworm disease in dogs and cats caused by Angiostrongylus vasorum or Aelurostrongylus abstrusus
* Tapeworm infection in dogs, cats, and other animals caused by different species of Taenia or Dipylidium caninum

Prevention and control of parasitic diseases in animals typically involve a combination of strategies such as regular veterinary care, appropriate use of medications, environmental management, and good hygiene practices.

'Aeromonas salmonicida' is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that is the causative agent of a disease known as furunculosis in fish, particularly in salmonids. The bacteria are facultatively anaerobic, meaning they can grow in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. They are motile with polar flagella and produce various virulence factors that contribute to their pathogenicity, including exotoxins, hemolysins, and proteases. The bacteria can cause septicemia, skin ulcers, and abscesses in fish, leading to significant economic losses in the aquaculture industry. In humans, 'Aeromonas salmonicida' is not considered a primary pathogen but has been isolated from occasional cases of wound infections and septicemia, particularly in individuals with underlying health conditions or compromised immune systems.

Oxytetracycline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, which is part of the tetracycline class. It works by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis, thereby preventing bacterial growth and reproduction. Medical definition: "A linear tetra cyclic amide antibiotic derived from Streptomyces rimosus, with a wide range of antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms. It is used especially in the treatment of rickettsial infections, respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, and sexually transmitted diseases." (Source: Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary)

RNA virus infections refer to diseases or conditions caused by the invasion and replication of RNA (Ribonucleic acid) viruses in host cells. These viruses use RNA as their genetic material, which is different from DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) viruses. Upon entering a host cell, the RNA virus releases its genetic material, which then uses the host cell's machinery to produce new viral components and replicate. This process can lead to various outcomes, depending on the specific virus and the host's immune response:

1. Asymptomatic infection: Some RNA virus infections may not cause any noticeable symptoms and may only be discovered through diagnostic testing.
2. Acute infection: Many RNA viruses cause acute infections, characterized by the rapid onset of symptoms that typically last for a short period (days to weeks). Examples include the common cold (caused by rhinoviruses), influenza (caused by orthomyxoviruses), and some gastrointestinal infections (caused by noroviruses or rotaviruses).
3. Chronic infection: A few RNA viruses can establish chronic infections, where the virus persists in the host for an extended period, sometimes leading to long-term health complications. Examples include HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), HCV (Hepatitis C Virus), and HTLV-1 (Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1).
4. Latent infection: Some RNA viruses, like herpesviruses, can establish latency in the host, where they remain dormant for extended periods but can reactivate under certain conditions, causing recurrent symptoms or diseases.
5. Oncogenic potential: Certain RNA viruses have oncogenic properties and can contribute to the development of cancer. For example, retroviruses like HTLV-1 can cause leukemia and lymphoma by integrating their genetic material into the host cell's DNA and altering gene expression.

Treatment for RNA virus infections varies depending on the specific virus and the severity of the infection. Antiviral medications, immunotherapy, and supportive care are common treatment strategies. Vaccines are also available to prevent some RNA virus infections, such as measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, and hepatitis A and B.

"Salmonidae" is not a medical term. It is a biological term that refers to a family of fish which includes salmon, trout, char, grayling, and whitefish. These fish are often anadromous, meaning they are born in fresh water, migrate to the ocean, then return to fresh water to reproduce. They are important both commercially and recreationally as a source of food and sport fishing.

Medical definitions typically focus on the potential risks or reactions related to a substance, rather than providing a general definition. In the context of medicine, shellfish are often defined by the allergens they contain, rather than as a culinary category.

According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI), shellfish are divided into two categories: crustaceans and mollusks. Crustaceans include shrimp, crab, lobster, and crayfish. Mollusks include clams, mussels, oysters, scallops, octopus, and squid.

Shellfish allergies are one of the most common food allergies, and they can cause severe reactions, including anaphylaxis. Therefore, in a medical context, it's essential to be specific about which types of shellfish may pose a risk to an individual.

Flavobacteriaceae is a family of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria found in various environments such as water, soil, and clinical specimens. While many species are harmless to humans, some can cause infections, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems or underlying health conditions.

Flavobacteriaceae infections refer to illnesses caused by the pathogenic species within this family. These infections can manifest as various clinical syndromes, including:

1. Pneumonia: Flavobacterium spp., such as F. psychrophilum and F. johnsoniae, have been implicated in respiratory tract infections, particularly in hospitalized patients or those with compromised immune systems.
2. Skin and soft tissue infections: Some Flavobacteriaceae species, like Capnocytophaga spp., can cause skin and soft tissue infections, especially in individuals with a history of animal bites or scratches.
3. Bloodstream infections (bacteremia): Bacteremia due to Flavobacteriaceae is relatively rare but has been reported, particularly in immunocompromised patients or those with indwelling medical devices.
4. Eye infections (keratitis and endophthalmitis): Contact lens wearers are at risk of developing keratitis caused by Flavobacterium spp., while endophthalmitis can occur following ocular surgeries or trauma.
5. Central nervous system infections: Meningitis, encephalitis, and brain abscesses have been reported due to Flavobacteriaceae species, although these are extremely rare.

Diagnosis of Flavobacteriaceae infections typically involves the isolation and identification of the bacterium from clinical specimens, such as blood, sputum, or tissue samples. Treatment usually consists of antibiotics that demonstrate activity against Gram-negative bacteria, with specific recommendations depending on the susceptibility patterns of the infecting species.

Trematoda is a class of parasitic flatworms, also known as flukes. They have a complex life cycle involving one or more intermediate hosts and a definitive host. Adult trematodes are typically leaf-shaped and range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters.

They have a characteristic oral sucker surrounding the mouth and a ventral sucker, which they use for locomotion and attachment to their host's tissues. Trematodes infect various organs of their hosts, including the liver, lungs, blood vessels, and intestines, causing a range of diseases in humans and animals.

Examples of human-infecting trematodes include Schistosoma spp., which cause schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia), and Fasciola hepatica, which causes fascioliasis (liver fluke disease). Trematode infections are typically treated with antiparasitic drugs.

Crustacea is a subphylum of Arthropoda, which is a phylum that includes animals without backbones and with jointed appendages. Crustaceans are characterized by their segmented bodies, usually covered with a hard exoskeleton made of chitin, and paired, jointed limbs.

Examples of crustaceans include crabs, lobsters, shrimps, crayfish, krill, barnacles, and copepods. Many crustaceans are aquatic, living in both freshwater and marine environments, while some are terrestrial. They can vary greatly in size, from tiny planktonic organisms to large crabs and lobsters.

Crustaceans have a complex life cycle that typically involves several distinct stages, including larval and adult forms. They are an important part of many aquatic ecosystems, serving as both predators and prey. Crustaceans also have economic importance as a source of food for humans, with crabs, lobsters, and shrimps being among the most commonly consumed.

'Crassostrea' is a genus of marine bivalve mollusks that are commonly known as oysters. Members of this genus are characterized by their rough, calcified shells and their ability to filter water for food. They are often found in estuarine or intertidal habitats and are important both economically, as a source of food, and ecologically, as they provide habitat and feeding grounds for many other marine organisms.

Some examples of oyster species that belong to the genus Crassostrea include:

* The Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), which is found on the Atlantic coast of North America and is an important commercial and ecological species.
* The Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), which is native to Asia but has been widely introduced around the world for aquaculture purposes. It is now one of the most commonly farmed oysters in the world.
* The European flat oyster (Crassostrea angulata), which is found in Europe and North Africa, and is an important commercial species.

It's worth noting that there are other genera of oysters as well, such as Ostrea, Saccostrea, Magallana, etc. Each genus has its own characteristics and some have different ecological roles than Crassostrea.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Myrsinaceae" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in botany, specifically a family of flowering plants that includes shrubs and small trees. The plants in this family are primarily found in tropical and subtropical regions around the world.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health science, I would be happy to help.

"Fish proteins" are not a recognized medical term or concept. However, fish is a source of protein that is often consumed in the human diet and has been studied in various medical and nutritional contexts. According to the USDA FoodData Central database, a 100-gram serving of cooked Atlantic salmon contains approximately 25 grams of protein.

Proteins from fish, like other animal proteins, are complete proteins, meaning they contain all nine essential amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the human body and must be obtained through the diet. Fish proteins have been studied for their potential health benefits, including their role in muscle growth and repair, immune function, and cardiovascular health.

It's worth noting that some people may have allergies to fish or seafood, which can cause a range of symptoms from mild skin irritation to severe anaphylaxis. If you suspect you have a fish allergy, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and management.

'Aeromonas hydrophila' is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium that is commonly found in fresh and brackish water environments. It is a facultative anaerobe, meaning it can grow in the presence or absence of oxygen. This bacterium is known to cause various types of infections in humans, including gastrointestinal illnesses, wound infections, and septicemia, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems.

The bacterium produces a range of virulence factors that contribute to its pathogenicity, such as exotoxins, hemolysins, and proteases. The symptoms of Aeromonas hydrophila infection can vary widely depending on the site of infection and the overall health of the individual. Treatment typically involves antibiotics, although the effectiveness of different antibiotics may vary depending on the strain of the bacterium. Proper hygiene and wound care are important measures to prevent infection with Aeromonas hydrophila.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "waste water" is not a term that is typically used in medical definitions. Wastewater is a term that is more commonly used in the fields of environmental science and engineering. Here is a definition from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):

Wastewater: Water that has been affected by human use and is no longer suitable for immediate reuse without treatment. Wastewater includes sewage, which is a combination of liquid wastes from homes, businesses, and industries, as well as runoff from streets and agricultural operations.

It's important to note that while wastewater may not be a medical term, there are certainly public health implications when it comes to the treatment and disposal of wastewater. Improperly treated wastewater can contain pathogens and other contaminants that can pose risks to human health.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Palaemonidae" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in zoology, specifically a family of shrimp that includes many familiar species such as grass shrimps and pistol shrimps. If you have a question related to biology or another subject, I would be happy to try and help with that instead.

Saprolegnia is a genus of oomycetes, which are fungus-like organisms. They are commonly known as water molds and are often found in aquatic environments. Saprolegnia species are saprophytic, meaning they live off dead or decaying organic matter. However, some species can also be parasitic and cause diseases in fish, amphibians, and other aquatic organisms. The disease caused by Saprolegnia is called saprolegniasis. It is characterized by the growth of cotton-like, white to grayish fungal masses on the skin, gills, or fins of infected animals. This can lead to damage of the tissue, loss of scales, and open sores, which can make the animal more susceptible to other infections. Saprolegnia species reproduce by producing spores that are released into the water and can be spread by currents or water movement.

"Pectinidae" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in the field of biology, specifically a family of marine bivalve mollusks commonly known as scallops. The members of this family are characterized by their fan-shaped shells and their ability to swim by clapping their valves together. If you have any questions about a medical term, I would be happy to help with that instead.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Perciformes" is not a medical term. It is a term used in the field of biology, specifically in taxonomy and ichthyology (the study of fish). Perciformes is an order of ray-finned bony fishes that includes over 10,000 species, making it the largest order of vertebrates. Examples of fish within this order include perch, sea bass, sunfish, and tuna.

Thiamphenicol is an antibiotic that belongs to the class of medications called amphenicols. It works by preventing the growth of bacteria. Thiamphenicol is used to treat various infections caused by bacteria. This medication may also be used to prevent bacterial endocarditis (inflammation of the lining of the heart and valves) in people having certain dental or surgical procedures.

Please note that this definition is for informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any questions about your medication, always consult with your healthcare provider.

"Vibrio" is a genus of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, curved-rod bacteria that are commonly found in marine and freshwater environments. Some species of Vibrio can cause diseases in humans, the most notable being Vibrio cholerae, which is the causative agent of cholera, a severe diarrheal illness. Other pathogenic species include Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, which can cause gastrointestinal or wound infections. These bacteria are often transmitted through contaminated food or water and can lead to serious health complications, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems.

Nodaviridae is a family of small, non-enveloped viruses with icosahedral symmetry. The genome consists of two positive-sense, single-stranded RNA segments: RNA1 (3.1 kb) encodes the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and RNA2 (1.4 kb) encodes the capsid protein. A subgenomic RNA3 is also produced from RNA1 during replication, which encodes a non-structural protein involved in viral replication. Nodaviruses infect insects and fish and can cause diseases such as encephalopathy and retinopathy in fish. They are transmitted horizontally through the fecal-oral route and vertically through the egg. Nodaviridae is a member of the order Picornavirales.

Dysidea is a genus of sponge in the family Dysideidae. It is a common and widely distributed marine sponge, found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Dysidea species are known for their soft, flexible bodies and their ability to filter water for food particles. They often have a pale or cream color and may be covered with small, hard spicules. Some species of Dysidea contain chemicals that have potential medicinal uses.

Seawater is not a medical term, but it is a type of water that covers more than 70% of the Earth's surface. Medically, seawater can be relevant in certain contexts, such as in discussions of marine biology, environmental health, or water safety. Seawater has a high salt content, with an average salinity of around 3.5%, which is much higher than that of freshwater. This makes it unsuitable for drinking or irrigation without desalination.

Exposure to seawater can also have medical implications, such as in cases of immersion injuries, marine envenomations, or waterborne illnesses. However, there is no single medical definition of seawater.

DNA Sequence Analysis is the systematic determination of the order of nucleotides in a DNA molecule. It is a critical component of modern molecular biology, genetics, and genetic engineering. The process involves determining the exact order of the four nucleotide bases - adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T) - in a DNA molecule or fragment. This information is used in various applications such as identifying gene mutations, studying evolutionary relationships, developing molecular markers for breeding, and diagnosing genetic diseases.

The process of DNA Sequence Analysis typically involves several steps, including DNA extraction, PCR amplification (if necessary), purification, sequencing reaction, and electrophoresis. The resulting data is then analyzed using specialized software to determine the exact sequence of nucleotides.

In recent years, high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized the field of genomics, enabling the rapid and cost-effective sequencing of entire genomes. This has led to an explosion of genomic data and new insights into the genetic basis of many diseases and traits.

Flavobacterium is a genus of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that are widely distributed in various environments such as water, soil, and associated with plants and animals. They are facultative anaerobes, which means they can grow in the presence or absence of oxygen. Some species of Flavobacterium are known to cause opportunistic infections in humans, particularly in individuals with compromised immune systems. These infections can include respiratory tract infections, wound infections, and bacteremia (bloodstream infections). However, Flavobacterium infections are relatively rare in healthy individuals.

It's worth noting that while some species of Flavobacterium have been associated with human disease, many others are important members of the microbial community in various environments and play beneficial roles in biogeochemical cycles and food webs.

In the context of medical and ecological health, an "introduced species" refers to a plant or animal population that has been intentionally or unintentionally introduced by human actions into a new environment, outside of their natural historical range, where they do not have any known native predecessors. These introductions can occur through various means such as accidental transportation in cargo, deliberate releases for purposes like biological control or pets, and escapes from cultivation.

Introduced species can become invasive if they adapt well to their new environment, reproduce rapidly, outcompete native species for resources, and disrupt local ecosystems. This can lead to significant ecological changes, loss of biodiversity, impacts on human health, and economic consequences. Some introduced species carry diseases or parasites that can affect humans, livestock, and wildlife in the new environment, posing potential public health concerns.

Totiviridae is a family of non-enveloped, double-stranded RNA viruses that infect fungi and protozoa. The name "Totiviridae" is derived from the Latin word "totus," meaning "complete" or "whole," which refers to the fact that these viruses have a single segment of linear, non-segmented, double-stranded RNA genome.

The genome of Totiviridae viruses is around 4.6-5.3 kilobases in length and encodes two major proteins: the capsid protein and the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). The capsid protein forms a icosahedral symmetry capsid that protects the genome, while the RdRp is responsible for replicating the viral genome.

Totiviridae viruses are transmitted vertically from parent to offspring and can establish persistent infections in their hosts. They are not known to cause any significant disease symptoms in their natural hosts, but they can interfere with the host's growth and development. In some cases, Totiviridae viruses have been shown to provide resistance to other viral infections in their hosts.

Overall, Totiviridae viruses are important pathogens in fungi and protozoa, and understanding their biology and interactions with their hosts can provide insights into the development of novel antiviral strategies.

An "ecosystem" is not a term that has a specific medical definition, as it is a concept that is more commonly used in the fields of ecology and environmental science. However, I can provide you with the general ecological definition of an ecosystem:

An ecosystem is a community of living organisms interacting with each other and their non-living environment, including both biotic factors (plants, animals, microorganisms) and abiotic factors (climate, soil, water, and air). These interactions create a complex network of relationships that form the foundation of ecological processes, such as energy flow, nutrient cycling, and population dynamics.

While there is no direct medical definition for an ecosystem, understanding the principles of ecosystems can have important implications for human health. For example, healthy ecosystems can provide clean air and water, regulate climate, support food production, and offer opportunities for recreation and relaxation, all of which contribute to overall well-being. Conversely, degraded ecosystems can lead to increased exposure to environmental hazards, reduced access to natural resources, and heightened risks of infectious diseases. Therefore, maintaining the health and integrity of ecosystems is crucial for promoting human health and preventing disease.

Wild animals are those species of animals that are not domesticated or tamed by humans and live in their natural habitats without regular human intervention. They can include a wide variety of species, ranging from mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, to insects and other invertebrates.

Wild animals are adapted to survive in specific environments and have behaviors, physical traits, and social structures that enable them to find food, shelter, and mates. They can be found in various habitats such as forests, grasslands, deserts, oceans, rivers, and mountains. Some wild animals may come into contact with human populations, particularly in urban areas where their natural habitats have been destroyed or fragmented.

It is important to note that the term "wild" does not necessarily mean that an animal is aggressive or dangerous. While some wild animals can be potentially harmful to humans if provoked or threatened, many are generally peaceful and prefer to avoid contact with people. However, it is essential to respect their natural behaviors and habitats and maintain a safe distance from them to prevent any potential conflicts or harm to either party.

White Spot Syndrome Virus 1 (WSSV-1) is not typically recognized as a human or mammalian pathogen. It is primarily known to affect crustaceans, particularly penaeid shrimps. WSSV-1 is a large double-stranded DNA virus from the family Nimaviridae and genus Whispovirus. The virus is highly virulent and can cause rapid death in infected animals, resulting in significant economic losses in aquaculture industries.

The name "White Spot Syndrome Virus" refers to the characteristic white spots that appear on the exoskeleton of infected shrimps before their death. It's essential to clarify that WSSV-1 is not a human health concern, and its medical definition is primarily relevant in the context of veterinary medicine and aquaculture.

Iridovirus is a type of double-stranded DNA virus that infects a wide range of hosts, including insects, fish, amphibians, and reptiles. The name "iridovirus" comes from the iridescent appearance often seen on the infected host's skin or scales. These viruses can cause serious diseases in their hosts, leading to significant mortality, especially in farmed species. Iridoviruses are transmitted horizontally through various routes such as direct contact with infected individuals, ingestion of contaminated food or water, and vertical transmission from parent to offspring. The virions (virus particles) are icosahedral in shape and measure between 120-300 nanometers in diameter. Iridoviruses have a broad host range but typically cause cytopathic effects in the infected cells, leading to tissue damage and organ failure in the host.

I am not aware of any medical definition for the term "Idaho." It is primarily used as the name of a state in the United States. If you have any specific medical context or terminology that you would like me to help define, please let me know and I will be happy to assist you.

Eutrophication is the process of excessive nutrient enrichment in bodies of water, which can lead to a rapid growth of aquatic plants and algae. This overgrowth can result in decreased levels of oxygen in the water, harming or even killing fish and other aquatic life. The primary cause of eutrophication is the addition of nutrients, particularly nitrogen and phosphorus, from human activities such as agricultural runoff, sewage and wastewater discharge, and air pollution.

In advanced stages, eutrophication can lead to a shift in the dominant species in the aquatic ecosystem, favoring those that are better adapted to the high-nutrient conditions. This can result in a loss of biodiversity and changes in water quality, making it difficult for many organisms to survive.

Eutrophication is a significant global environmental problem, affecting both freshwater and marine ecosystems. It can lead to harmful algal blooms (HABs), which can produce toxins that are dangerous to humans and animals. In addition, eutrophication can impact water use for drinking, irrigation, recreation, and industry, making it a critical issue for public health and economic development.

'Artemia' is a genus of aquatic branchiopod crustaceans, also known as brine shrimp. They are commonly found in saltwater environments such as salt lakes and highly saline ponds. Artemia are known for their ability to produce cysts (also called "resting eggs") that can survive extreme environmental conditions, making them an important organism in research related to survival in harsh environments and space exploration.

In a medical context, Artemia is not typically used as a term but may be referenced in scientific studies related to biology, genetics, or astrobiology. The compounds derived from Artemia, such as astaxanthin and other carotenoids, have been studied for their potential health benefits, including antioxidant properties and support for eye and heart health. However, these applications are still under research and not yet considered part of mainstream medical practice.

Phylogeny is the evolutionary history and relationship among biological entities, such as species or genes, based on their shared characteristics. In other words, it refers to the branching pattern of evolution that shows how various organisms have descended from a common ancestor over time. Phylogenetic analysis involves constructing a tree-like diagram called a phylogenetic tree, which depicts the inferred evolutionary relationships among organisms or genes based on molecular sequence data or other types of characters. This information is crucial for understanding the diversity and distribution of life on Earth, as well as for studying the emergence and spread of diseases.

"Ulva" is a genus of green algae, also known as sea lettuce. It is a common marine plant that can be found in both fresh and saltwater environments worldwide. Ulva species are characterized by their thin, leaf-like blades that can vary in color from bright green to yellowish-green. They play an essential role in the aquatic ecosystem as they provide food and shelter for various marine organisms. Additionally, they can reproduce both sexually and asexually, contributing to their rapid growth and ability to form large colonies or mats. However, when they grow excessively, they can become a nuisance, known as "green tides," which can have negative impacts on the environment and local economies.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "Mediterranean Sea" is a geographical term referring to the body of water located between Europe and Africa, and it is not a medical term. It is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the Strait of Gibraltar in the west and to the Red Sea through the Suez Canal in the east. The Mediterranean Sea is known for its unique climate and biodiversity. If you have any questions related to medical or health topics, I would be happy to try to help with those!

"Photobacterium" is a genus of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacteria that are capable of producing light, a phenomenon known as bioluminescence. These bacteria are commonly found in marine environments and are often associated with fish and other sea creatures. They are typically rod-shaped and can exist as free-living organisms or as symbiotic partners within host organisms. Photobacterium species are known to produce a variety of enzymes and metabolites that have potential applications in biotechnology and medicine. However, some strains of Photobacterium can cause infections in humans, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems.

Microsatellite repeats, also known as short tandem repeats (STRs), are repetitive DNA sequences made up of units of 1-6 base pairs that are repeated in a head-to-tail manner. These repeats are spread throughout the human genome and are highly polymorphic, meaning they can have different numbers of repeat units in different individuals.

Microsatellites are useful as genetic markers because of their high degree of variability. They are commonly used in forensic science to identify individuals, in genealogy to trace ancestry, and in medical research to study genetic diseases and disorders. Mutations in microsatellite repeats have been associated with various neurological conditions, including Huntington's disease and fragile X syndrome.

Furunculosis is a skin condition characterized by the recurrent development of boils or furuncles. A furuncle is a deep infection of the hair follicle and surrounding tissue, typically caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. These infections can be painful, red, swollen, and may contain pus.

Furunculosis occurs when a person has recurring furuncles, often due to persistent or frequent reinfection with S. aureus. This condition is more common in people with weakened immune systems, diabetes, poor hygiene, or who have close contact with someone infected with S. aureus.

Treatment for furunculosis usually involves antibiotics, either topical or oral, to eliminate the infection-causing bacteria. In some cases, incision and drainage of the boil may be necessary. Maintaining good hygiene, keeping the affected area clean, and avoiding sharing personal items like towels or razors can help prevent the spread and recurrence of furuncles.

Vibrio infections are a group of bacterial illnesses caused by various species of the Vibrio genus, which are gram-negative, comma-shaped bacteria. These bacteria naturally inhabit warm marine and brackish waters and can be found in higher concentrations during warmer months. The most common types of Vibrio infections are:

1. Vibrio vulnificus: This species is responsible for causing severe wound infections and primary septicemia, often following the consumption of raw or undercooked seafood or exposure of open wounds to contaminated seawater. People with weakened immune systems, liver disease, or iron overload disorders are at higher risk of developing severe complications from Vibrio vulnificus infections.
2. Vibrio parahaemolyticus: This species is the leading cause of seafood-associated bacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Infection typically occurs after consuming raw or undercooked shellfish, particularly oysters. Symptoms include watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, and headache.
3. Vibrio cholerae: This species is the causative agent of cholera, a severe diarrheal disease that can lead to rapid dehydration and even death if left untreated. Cholera is typically transmitted through contaminated food or water and is more common in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene practices.
4. Vibrio alginolyticus: This species can cause wound infections and ear infections (otitis externa) following exposure to contaminated seawater. It is less commonly associated with gastroenteritis than Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

Prevention measures for Vibrio infections include cooking seafood thoroughly, avoiding cross-contamination of raw and cooked seafood, practicing good hygiene, and covering wounds when exposed to seawater. People with weakened immune systems should avoid consuming raw or undercooked seafood and take extra precautions when handling or swimming in seawater.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "flounder" is not a medical term. It is a common name used for several species of flatfish that are widely consumed as food. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, please don't hesitate to ask!

Cichlids are a family (Cichlidae) of freshwater and brackish fish that include several well-known aquarium species. They are found primarily in tropical regions of Africa, Central America, and South America. Cichlids exhibit a wide range of body shapes, sizes, colors, and behaviors, making them popular among aquarists. Some cichlid species are also important sources of food in their native habitats. It is worth noting that cichlids are not typically classified as having medical relevance, but rather they are studied for their ecological, evolutionary, and ornamental significance.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "geologic sediments" is not a term used in medical definitions. Geological sediments are deposits of material that accumulate over time, usually in layers, as a result of natural geological processes such as weathering, erosion, and deposition. These sediments can eventually become rock formations and provide important clues about the Earth's history, including information about past climates, environments, and life on Earth.

"Anguilla" is a term that refers to a type of fish, rather than something related to medicine or human health. It is a species of eel that belongs to the Anguillidae family. Therefore, there is no medical definition for "Anguilla."

I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "hepatopancreas" is not a recognized term in human anatomy or pathology. It is commonly used to describe a combined exocrine organ in some invertebrates, like crustaceans, where it serves both digestive and metabolic functions. If you have any questions about human medical conditions, I'd be happy to help with those!

Contig mapping, short for contiguous mapping, is a process used in genetics and genomics to construct a detailed map of a particular region or regions of a genome. It involves the use of molecular biology techniques to physically join together, or "clone," overlapping DNA fragments from a specific region of interest in a genome. These joined fragments are called "contigs" because they are continuous and contiguous stretches of DNA that represent a contiguous map of the region.

Contig mapping is often used to study large-scale genetic variations, such as deletions, duplications, or rearrangements, in specific genomic regions associated with diseases or other traits. It can also be used to identify and characterize genes within those regions, which can help researchers understand their function and potential role in disease processes.

The process of contig mapping typically involves several steps, including:

1. DNA fragmentation: The genomic region of interest is broken down into smaller fragments using physical or enzymatic methods.
2. Cloning: The fragments are inserted into a vector, such as a plasmid or bacteriophage, which can be replicated in bacteria to produce multiple copies of each fragment.
3. Library construction: The cloned fragments are pooled together to create a genomic library, which contains all the DNA fragments from the region of interest.
4. Screening and selection: The library is screened using various methods, such as hybridization or PCR, to identify clones that contain overlapping fragments from the region of interest.
5. Contig assembly: The selected clones are ordered based on their overlapping regions to create a contiguous map of the genomic region.
6. Sequencing and analysis: The DNA sequence of the contigs is determined and analyzed to identify genes, regulatory elements, and other features of the genomic region.

Overall, contig mapping is an important tool for studying the structure and function of genomes, and has contributed significantly to our understanding of genetic variation and disease mechanisms.

Vibrionaceae is a family of Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that are commonly found in aquatic environments. The bacteria are known for their ability to produce endotoxins and exotoxins, which can cause illness in humans and animals. Some members of this family are capable of causing foodborne illnesses, wound infections, and gastrointestinal diseases.

The most well-known genus within Vibrionaceae is Vibrio, which includes several species that are significant human pathogens. For example, Vibrio cholerae is the causative agent of cholera, a severe diarrheal disease that can lead to dehydration and death if left untreated. Other notable Vibrio species that can cause illness in humans include Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus, which are often associated with raw or undercooked seafood consumption and wound infections, respectively.

Proper food handling, cooking, and hygiene practices can help prevent Vibrionaceae infections. People with weakened immune systems, chronic liver disease, or iron overload disorders may be at higher risk of severe illness from Vibrio infections and should take extra precautions to avoid exposure.

Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is a type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes, which are complex structures inside cells where protein synthesis occurs. The "16S" refers to the sedimentation coefficient of the rRNA molecule, which is a measure of its size and shape. In particular, 16S rRNA is a component of the smaller subunit of the prokaryotic ribosome (found in bacteria and archaea), and is often used as a molecular marker for identifying and classifying these organisms due to its relative stability and conservation among species. The sequence of 16S rRNA can be compared across different species to determine their evolutionary relationships and taxonomic positions.

"Mytilus edulis" is not a medical term, but a scientific name for a species. It refers to the Common Blue Mussel, which is a type of marine mussel that is widely distributed in the coastal areas of the Atlantic Ocean, from Norway to Morocco, and in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, from Alaska to California.

While not directly related to medical terminology, Mytilus edulis may be mentioned in a medical context due to its potential use as a food source or in research studies. For example, mussels like Mytilus edulis are often used in nutritional studies and may be recommended as part of a healthy diet due to their high protein and mineral content. Additionally, these mussels can accumulate environmental contaminants such as heavy metals and pollutants, which could have implications for human health if consumed.

Therefore, while "Mytilus edulis" is not a medical term per se, it may still be relevant to the fields of nutrition, toxicology, and environmental health.

Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) are short, single-pass DNA sequences that are derived from cDNA libraries. They represent a quick and cost-effective method for large-scale sequencing of gene transcripts and provide an unbiased view of the genes being actively expressed in a particular tissue or developmental stage. ESTs can be used to identify and study new genes, to analyze patterns of gene expression, and to develop molecular markers for genetic mapping and genome analysis.

Ranavirus is a genus of double-stranded DNA viruses that infect amphibians, reptiles, and fish. It belongs to the family Iridoviridae and subfamily Ranavirinae. This virus can cause a disease known as ranaviral disease, which is characterized by hemorrhagic lesions, liver necrosis, and high mortality in infected animals. The virus can be transmitted through water, direct contact with infected animals, or consumption of infected prey. It is a significant concern for wildlife conservation and aquaculture.

Oxolinic acid is an antimicrobial agent primarily used in the treatment of bacterial infections, particularly those caused by Gram-negative bacteria. It functions as a quinolone antibiotic and works by inhibiting the DNA gyrase enzyme in bacteria, thereby preventing DNA replication and transcription.

Oxolinic acid is available in various forms, such as ointments, creams, and eye drops, and is commonly used to treat conditions like conjunctivitis (pink eye) and other superficial bacterial infections of the skin and eyes. It may also be used for other purposes not mentioned in this definition.

It's important to note that oxolinic acid has limited systemic absorption, which means it is not typically used to treat systemic infections. Additionally, as with any medication, it should only be used under the guidance and supervision of a healthcare professional, as misuse or overuse can lead to antibiotic resistance.

The conservation of natural resources refers to the responsible use and management of natural resources, such as water, soil, minerals, forests, and wildlife, in a way that preserves their availability for future generations. This may involve measures such as reducing waste and pollution, promoting sustainable practices, protecting habitats and ecosystems, and engaging in careful planning and decision-making to ensure the long-term sustainability of these resources. The goal of conservation is to balance the needs of the present with the needs of the future, so that current and future generations can continue to benefit from the many goods and services that natural resources provide.

Water microbiology is not a formal medical term, but rather a branch of microbiology that deals with the study of microorganisms found in water. It involves the identification, enumeration, and characterization of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and other microscopic organisms present in water sources such as lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater, drinking water, and wastewater.

In a medical context, water microbiology is relevant to public health because it helps to assess the safety of water supplies for human consumption and recreational activities. It also plays a critical role in understanding and preventing waterborne diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms that can lead to illnesses such as diarrhea, skin infections, and respiratory problems.

Water microbiologists use various techniques to study water microorganisms, including culturing, microscopy, genetic analysis, and biochemical tests. They also investigate the ecology of these organisms, their interactions with other species, and their response to environmental factors such as temperature, pH, and nutrient availability.

Overall, water microbiology is a vital field that helps ensure the safety of our water resources and protects public health.

Novirhabdovirus is not a medical term, but a taxonomic designation for a genus of viruses within the family Rhabdoviridae. These viruses are characterized by having a bullet-shaped virion and a single-stranded, negative-sense RNA genome. They infect a variety of hosts, including fish and birds, and can cause serious diseases. However, they are not known to infect humans or pose a direct threat to human health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Rivers" is not a medical term or concept. It is a geographical term referring to large, flowing bodies of water that usually empty into a sea or an ocean. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

Salinity is not a term that has a specific medical definition. However, in general terms, salinity refers to the level of salt or sodium content in a substance, usually measured in parts per thousand (ppt). In a medical context, salinity might be discussed in relation to things like the body's fluid balance or the composition of certain bodily fluids, such as sweat or tears.

It is worth noting that in some cases, high salinity levels can have negative effects on health. For example, consuming water with very high salt content can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, which can be dangerous. Similarly, exposure to high-salinity environments (such as seawater) can cause skin irritation and other problems in some people. However, these are not direct medical definitions of salinity.

Porifera, also known as sponges, is a phylum of multicellular aquatic organisms characterized by having pores in their bodies. These pores allow water to circulate through the body, bringing in food and oxygen while expelling waste products. Sponges do not have true tissues or organs; instead, they are composed of specialized cells that perform specific functions. They are generally sessile (non-mobile) and live attached to rocks, coral reefs, or other underwater structures. Some species can be quite large, while others are microscopic in size. Sponges have a long fossil record dating back over 500 million years and play important roles in marine ecosystems as filter feeders and habitat providers for many other marine organisms.

Biological control agents, also known as biological pest control agents or biocontrol agents, refer to organisms or biological substances that are used to manage or suppress pests and their populations. These biological control agents can be other insects, mites, nematodes, fungi, bacteria, or viruses that naturally prey upon, parasitize, or infect the target pest species.

The use of biological control agents is a key component of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies, as they offer an environmentally friendly and sustainable alternative to chemical pesticides. By using natural enemies of pests, biological control can help maintain ecological balance and reduce the negative impacts of pests on agriculture, forestry, and human health.

It is important to note that the introduction of biological control agents must be carefully planned and regulated to avoid unintended consequences, such as the accidental introduction of non-target species or the development of resistance in the target pest population.

Methanomicrobiaceae is a family of archaea within the order Methanomicrobiales. These are obligate anaerobic, methanogenic microorganisms that are capable of producing methane as a metabolic byproduct. They are commonly found in environments such as wetlands, digestive tracts of animals, and sewage sludge. The cells are typically irregularly shaped cocci or rods. Methanomicrobiaceae species utilize hydrogen or formate as electron donors and carbon dioxide as an electron acceptor to reduce methane. Some members of this family can also use secondary alcohols, such as methanol and ethanol, as substrates for methanogenesis.

'Aquatic organisms' are living beings that inhabit bodies of water, such as oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, and ponds. This group includes a wide variety of species, ranging from tiny microorganisms like plankton to large marine mammals like whales. Aquatic organisms can be divided into several categories based on their specific adaptations to their environment, including:

1. Plankton: small organisms that drift with the water currents and include both plants (phytoplankton) and animals (zooplankton).
2. Nekton: actively swimming aquatic organisms, such as fish, squid, and marine mammals.
3. Benthos: organisms that live on or in the bottom of bodies of water, including crustaceans, mollusks, worms, and some types of algae.
4. Neuston: organisms that live at the air-water interface, such as certain species of insects and small fish.

Aquatic organisms play a critical role in maintaining the health and balance of aquatic ecosystems, providing food and habitat for other species, and contributing to global nutrient cycling and climate regulation.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Food Supply" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. It is a more general term related to the availability and distribution of food. However, in a broader public health context, "food supply" can refer to the overall system and infrastructure that provides food to a population, including agricultural practices, food processing, distribution, and accessibility. Ensuring a safe and adequate food supply is an important aspect of public health and preventive medicine.

Shellfish poisoning refers to illnesses caused by the consumption of shellfish contaminated with harmful toxins produced by certain types of microscopic algae. These toxins can accumulate in various species of shellfish, including mussels, clams, oysters, and scallops, and can cause a range of symptoms depending on the specific type of toxin involved.

There are several types of shellfish poisoning, each caused by different groups of algal toxins:

1. Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP): Caused by saxitoxins produced by dinoflagellates such as Alexandrium spp., Gymnodinium catenatum, and Pyrodinium bahamense. Symptoms include tingling or numbness of the lips, tongue, and fingers, followed by weakness, difficulty swallowing, and potentially paralysis and respiratory failure in severe cases.
2. Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning (ASP): Caused by domoic acid produced by diatoms such as Pseudo-nitzschia spp. Symptoms include gastrointestinal distress, memory loss, disorientation, seizures, and in severe cases, coma or death.
3. Diarrheal Shellfish Poisoning (DSP): Caused by okadaic acid and its derivatives produced by dinoflagellates such as Dinophysis spp. and Prorocentrum spp. Symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and occasionally chills and fever.
4. Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning (NSP): Caused by brevetoxins produced by dinoflagellates such as Karenia brevis. Symptoms include reversible neurological symptoms like tingling or numbness of the lips, tongue, and fingers, as well as respiratory irritation, coughing, and chest tightness in severe cases.
5. Azaspiracid Shellfish Poisoning (AZP): Caused by azaspiracids produced by dinoflagellates such as Azadinium spp. Symptoms include gastrointestinal distress, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

It is essential to note that shellfish contaminated with these toxins may not show visible signs of spoilage or illness-causing bacteria; therefore, it is crucial to avoid consuming them during harmful algal blooms (HABs) or red tide events. Public health authorities often issue warnings and close shellfish beds when HABs are detected in the water. Always check local advisories before consuming shellfish, especially if you have harvested them yourself. Cooking does not destroy these toxins, so they remain harmful even after cooking.

'Animal structures' is a broad term that refers to the various physical parts and organs that make up animals. These structures can include everything from the external features, such as skin, hair, and scales, to the internal organs and systems, such as the heart, lungs, brain, and digestive system.

Animal structures are designed to perform specific functions that enable the animal to survive, grow, and reproduce. For example, the heart pumps blood throughout the body, delivering oxygen and nutrients to the cells, while the lungs facilitate gas exchange between the animal and its environment. The brain serves as the control center of the nervous system, processing sensory information and coordinating motor responses.

Animal structures can be categorized into different systems based on their function, such as the circulatory system, respiratory system, nervous system, digestive system, and reproductive system. Each system is made up of various structures that work together to perform a specific function.

Understanding animal structures and how they function is essential for understanding animal biology and behavior. It also has important implications for human health, as many animals serve as models for studying human disease and developing new treatments.

Look up aquaculture in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aquaculture. Aquaculture topic ... Aquaculture at Curlie Aquaculture science at Curlie The Coastal Resources Center NOAA aquaculture The University of Hawaiʻi's ... Aquaponics, fractionated aquaculture, integrated agriculture-aquaculture systems, integrated peri-urban-aquaculture systems, ... urban aquaculture is the practice of aquaculture in an urban, or urbanising, environment. Urban aquaculture systems can be ...
In September 2018, Australis sold one of its US farms to Great Falls Aquaculture. Australis once used Recirculating Aquaculture ... Australis Aquaculture is a longtime partner of the seafood sustainable program Ocean Wise. "Case Study: The fish have landed - ... Australis Aquaculture, LLC is a producer and marketer of ocean-farmed barramundi, headquartered in Greenfield, Massachusetts, ... "Australis Aquaculture swimming in business". The Recorder. Archived from the original on 2022-06-04. Retrieved 2016-01-25. ...
"New organic aquaculture rules a route to a more sustainable and profitable future for aquaculture". European Commission ... Managing aquaculture organically has become more popular since consumers are concerned about the harmful impacts of aquaculture ... "IFOAM Aquaculture , IFOAM". Retrieved 2016-04-21. "Safeguarding the Environment: Canadian Aquaculture Industry ... The 2007 production was still only 0.1% of total aquaculture production The market for organic aquaculture shows strong growth ...
... remains one of the best performing aquaculture companies globally". SalmonBusiness. "Russian Aquaculture ... "Russian Aquaculture to invest €10.4 million in Villa Smolt". 6 November 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2020. "Russian Aquaculture ... "Russian Aquaculture trebles salmon production". The Fish Site. "Russian Aquaculture boasts H1 €2.8 EBIT/kg". SalmonBusiness. ... "Russian Aquaculture PJSC". Bloomberg. Retrieved 6 October 2020. "From "Russian Sea" to "Russian Aquaculture"". Barents Observer ...
... is a large aquaculture and food processing enterprise located in Tasmania, Australia. Founded in 1986, Huon ... "Huon Aquaculture - About". Breen, Fiona; Briscoe, Tony (12 November 2021). "Brazilian meat giant JBS flags further aquaculture ... In 2020, Huon Aquaculture was convicted of environmental breaches in regard to its operations at Whale Point and fined $40,000 ... Seafood in Australia "Huon Aquaculture Statistics (2014)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 ...
Mexico World Aquaculture Society, , World Aquaculture 2009. Conference presentation Seixas, Pedro F. and Manuel Rey-Méndez ( ... Commercial aquaculture so far has been confined to starting with young juveniles caught in the wild, weighing about 750 g. In ... Octopus aquaculture describes the captive-raising of octopuses and commercial sale of their meat. A complex and labor-intensive ... The aquaculture potential of several octopuses species has been investigated in recent years, including Octopus maya (red ...
... , also known as open water aquaculture or open ocean aquaculture, is an emerging approach to mariculture ( ... New offshore aquaculture bill seeks to protect oceans Fis, 7 July 2011. Shellfish aquaculture Archived 2011-10-13 at the ... Offshore Aquaculture NOAA. Updated 22 October 2007. The National Offshore Aquaculture Act of 2007 NOAA. Updated 5 September ... Offshore aquaculture viewpoints PBS. Retrieved 16 October 2011. Open ocean aquaculture can be destructive Star Advertiser, 28 ...
"Aquaculture Tanks". College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona: Starting An Aquaculture System. ... Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Accessed 29.9.2011. Stickney, R.R. (1994). Principles of Aquaculture. John Wiley & Sons, ... "Aquaculture" 306 (2010) 1-6. "Aquatext: Raceways". Aquatext - The Free Online Aquaculture Dictionary. Accessed 29.9.2011. " ... In most raceway aquaculture food needs to be supplied. The composition of the food, and the amount and time of feeding needs to ...
Aquaculture is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on aquaculture, published by Elsevier. It was established ... was incorporated into Aquaculture following the cessation of its separate publication. Aquaculture is indexed by AGRICOLA, ... Aquaculture description, Elsevier website, accessed October 2, 2011 "Annual Review of Fish Diseases - Journal". ScienceDirect. ... Becky Thompson, Research Journals: Aquaculture Archived November 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Department of ...
Bulletin of the Aquaculture Association of Canada, 101(3):13-18. "An Overview of China's Aquaculture", p. 6. Netherlands ... scallop aquaculture (and indeed other shellfish aquaculture practices) in many parts of the world are considered to be a ... Scallop aquaculture is the commercial activity of cultivating (farming) scallops until they reach a marketable size and can be ... As with any aquaculture species, the incidence of diseases (and parasites) can be amplified by the close proximity of ...
... urban aquaculture is the practice of aquaculture in an urban, or urbanising, environment. Urban aquaculture systems can be ... Those against aquaculture claim that this method does not help in reducing waste, but rather cause it. In this way, aquaculture ... While aquaculture is commonly practices on an industrial basis, the three most farmed fish are from small scale aquaculture. ... Successful implementation of aquaculture would mean it is a sustainable and functioning method of aquaculture use. ...
"Geoduck aquaculture: Estimated cost and returns for sub-tidal culture in B.C." (PDF). Aquaculture Factsheet, June 2005, No. 05- ... Currently, geoduck aquaculture in Puget Sound occupies 80 ha of private tidelands which are either owned by aquaculture ... "Aquaculture Innovation and Market Access Program". Aquaculture. Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Archived from the original on 2012 ... The DFO also recently released Aquaculture in Canada 2012: A Report on Aquaculture Sustainability in which it outlines its ...
... the journal changed names in 1985 to Aquaculture and Fisheries Management and to Aquaculture Research in 1995. "AQUACULTURE ... Aquaculture Research is a peer-reviewed academic journal on fisheries science and aquaculture published by John Wiley & Sons ...
... is an international bi-monthly scientific journal on the subject of aquaculture and the official ... In 2019, it had an Impact Factor of 1.363.[citation needed] Aquaculture International, Springer website, accessed October 2, ... Aquaculture, Springer Science+Business Media academic journals, Academic journals established in 1993, Bimonthly journals, ... journal of the European Aquaculture Society. It is published by Springer. Publication began in 1993. The name is conventionally ...
Aquaculture is showing promise as a tool for restoring coral reefs, which are dying off around the world. The process protects ... Coral aquaculture, also known as coral farming or coral gardening, is the cultivation of corals for commercial purposes or ... Coral aquaculture provides insights into coral life histories. Petersen showed that early sexual recruits grow larger when fed ... Coral aquaculture offers alternative livelihoods to people living near the reefs. This is especially important for communities ...
... Design Manual Recirculating Aquaculture Considerations, Design, and Management Engineering ... Proceedings from Aquaculture Symposium in Cornell University, Ithaca, NY: 170-186 Odd-Ivar Lekang (2013). Aquaculture ... Recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) are used in home aquaria and for fish production where water exchange is limited and ... 2005). Urban Aquaculture. CABI Publishing. p. 161. ISBN 0-85199-829-1. Weldon, Vanessa (June 3, 2011). "Recirculating systems ...
... generally centers on milkfish and clams. The first pond in Tuvalu purposely built to sustain aquaculture ... v t e (Aquaculture by country, Economy of Tuvalu, Water in Tuvalu, All stub articles, Agriculture stubs). ... The construction of this 1560-square-metre pond was funded under the FAO Regional South Pacific Aquaculture Development Project ... ISBN 982-02-0057-1. "Fishery and Aquaculture Country Profile: Tuvalu". Food and Agriculture Organization. Archived from the ...
Tilapia from aquaculture contain especially high ratios of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids.[citation needed] Apart from the very ... Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (RGCA), the R&D arm of Marine Products Export Development Authority, has established a ... Tilapia has become the third most important fish in aquaculture after carp and salmon; worldwide production exceeded 1.5 ... ISBN 978-1-56022-318-4. Parker R and Parker RO (2011) Aquaculture Science Pages 123-128, Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-1-4354-8812 ...
The Tonga government provides for the development and management of aquaculture in the country through the Aquaculture ... Aquaculture in Tonga has been the responsibility of the Ministry of Fisheries since the early 1970s. The main centre for this ... Some progress has been made with developing aquaculture but this has tended to be on a small-scale and there have been no ... v t e v t e (Aquaculture by country, Economy of Tonga, Water in Tonga, All stub articles, Tonga stubs, Agriculture stubs). ...
The top aquaculture products exported include shrimp, fish and seaweed. Aquaculture in Indonesia has seen a tremendous growth ... Jakarta:Grafindo.112 "FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture - Home". Retrieved 2019-08-07. (Aquaculture by country, ... "Indonesian aquaculture futures: An analysis of fish supply and demand in Indonesia to 2030 and role of aquaculture using the ... Aquaculture can be divided into two types namely brackish water fisheries and freshwater fisheries. Indonesian brackish water ...
Global Aquaculture Advocate. July, August, 2006 Issue. p.38-39. Collette, B. Hearing on "Safety of Chinese Imports", statement ... Antimicrobial agents in aquaculture: potential impact on health. APUA Newsletter. 18: 1-6. Angulo, F.J. 2000. "Public health ... Fluoroquinolones have been prohibited from extra-label use in the U.S. and many other parts of the world in aquaculture because ... FDA has approved five different drugs for use in aquaculture as long as the seafood contains less than a mandated maximum ...
"Aquaculture and Fisheries Action Plan" (PDF). Property Institute of New Zealand. June 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... Aquaculture in Palau is not well-developed commercially, contributing little to the country's economy. The Palau government has ... Belau Aquaculture is the only company in the region cultivating ornamental sponges. "Palau". Secretariat of the Pacific ... Aquaculture by country, Economy of Palau, Water in Palau). ... and released an Aquaculture and Fisheries Action Plan in June ...
Vanuatu became the first Pacific Island country to have an aquaculture development plan and an Aquaculture and Fisheries ... Aquaculture in Vanuatu exists on a small scale, both commercially and privately. Several aquacultural efforts have been made in ... v t e (Aquaculture by country, Economy of Vanuatu, Water in Vanuatu, All stub articles, Vanuatu stubs). ... "Vanuatu launches Aquaculture and Fisheries Association". Vanuatu Daily Post. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. ...
The Aquaculture Taiwan Expo & Forum is the primary aquaculture trade show in Taiwan, it is held concurrently with the Livestock ... Aquaculture Magazine. Retrieved 3 April 2020. (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Aquaculture ... Aquaculture has a long history in Taiwan and is an important component of the Maritime industries of Taiwan. By 2006 the ... In the 21st century high technology is playing a greater part in Taiwan's aquaculture industry as the industry struggles to ...
This means that aquaculture accounts for nearly two-thirds of China's reported total output. The principal aquaculture- ... Of these, China reported 4.5 million employed full-time in aquaculture. In 1979, inland aquaculture occupied 237.8 million ... Aquaculture Industry Archived 2009-05-06 at the Wayback Machine People's Republic of China: 1999 - 2003 Aquaculture Production ... Aquaculture began about 3500 BC in China with the farming of the common carp. These carp were grown in ponds on silk farms, and ...
Cobia: a new species for aquaculture in the US. World Aquaculture, 35: 12-14 Liao, I.C., Huang, T.S., Tsai, W.S., Hsueh, C.M., ... Cobia Rachycentron canadum aquaculture in Vietnam: recent developments and prospects Aquaculture 315: 20-25 Rachycentron ... Larvae in a Closed Recirculating Aquaculture System". Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 37 (2): 204-209. doi:10.1111/j. ... Cobia, a warm water fish, is one of the more suitable candidates for offshore aquaculture. Cobia are large pelagic fish, up to ...
Over 8,000 Canadians are directly employed in aquaculture - most of them full-time. The aquaculture supply and services sector ... The introduction of sterile Atlantic Salmon into aquaculture practices has begun to be adopted within Canada's aquaculture ... aquaculture is an obvious choice for Canada. The vast range of aquatic organisms farmed in Canadian aquaculture production is ... A review of cage aquaculture: North America. In M. Halwart, D. Soto and J.R. Arthur (eds). Cage aquaculture - Regional reviews ...
Alaska salmon fishery Cook Inlet Aquaculture Association Southern Southeast Regional Aquaculture Association Martin, James D. " ... Alaskan aquaculture is an important resource not just for the state, but for the entire country. Alaska is filled with a ... Aquaculture in Alaska is dominated by the production of shellfish and aquatic plants. These include Pacific oysters, blue ... 2009 "Commercial Fisheries, Alaska Department of Fish and Game". (Agriculture in Alaska, Aquaculture in the United States, ...
Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) supported a $450 million/yr aquaculture industry in 2003. The US farm-raised catfish ... North Central Regional Aquaculture Center. Retrieved 2006-06-28. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) ...
The Aquaculture Stewardship Council was founded in 2010 by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Dutch Sustainable Trade ... The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) is an independent non-profit organisation and labelling organization that establishes ... "Aquaculture Stewardship Council appoints independent accreditation agency". Retrieved 11 November 2021. "Chris ... Aquaculture Stewardship Council. "Certification Update: April 2018". Retrieved 15 December 2021. Official website: www.asc-aqua ...
Look up aquaculture in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aquaculture. Aquaculture topic ... Aquaculture at Curlie Aquaculture science at Curlie The Coastal Resources Center NOAA aquaculture The University of Hawaiʻis ... Aquaponics, fractionated aquaculture, integrated agriculture-aquaculture systems, integrated peri-urban-aquaculture systems, ... urban aquaculture is the practice of aquaculture in an urban, or urbanising, environment. Urban aquaculture systems can be ...
a b c Marine Aquaculture MFish. Updated 16 November 2007. *^ Wassilieff, Maggy Aquaculture: Salmon Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of ... Aquaculture Stewardship Council, (ASC) (2017). ASC Salmon Standard (V1.1) (PDF). ASC.. *^ "Salmon Aquaculture Dialogue: Benthic ... Aquaculture in New Zealand *^ "History of Ballyconneely from earliest settlers to the present day". ... See also: Copper alloys in aquaculture. A second emerging wave in aquaculture is the development of copper alloys as netting ...
Environmentally responsible shellfish and seaweed aquaculture, land-based zero-effluent and aquaponic polyculture will generate ... We have an opportunity to protect Maines coasts, watersheds, and working waterfronts from environmentally harmful aquaculture ... and wild fisheries by raising awareness for a grassroots and legislative effort to stop environmentally unsound aquaculture ...
The Aquaculture Division is also one authority involved in the licensing of land-based aquaculture facilities that are ... Introduction The Aquaculture Division implements the leasing and licensing of Maines coastal waters in accordance with ... Aquaculture. Introduction. The Aquaculture Division implements the leasing and licensing of Maines coastal waters in ... The Aquaculture Division is also one authority involved in the licensing of land-based aquaculture facilities that are ...
aquaculture. aquaculture. means the cultivation of fish. (aquaculture). nuisance fish. nuisance fish. means fish that represent ... Aquaculture Licences. *. 3 (1) The Minister may issue an aquaculture licence authorizing a person to engage in aquaculture and ... 4) An aquaculture licence must not be issued to an applicant who has not paid in full the flat and annual fees for aquaculture ... 6 Every holder of an aquaculture licence must. *. (a) keep the licence or a copy of it in the aquaculture facility and produce ...
Aquaculture must develop within planetary boundaries. Experience from agriculture, such as in managing monocultures and using ... We propose that a closer connection between agriculture and aquaculture will create a resilient food system capable of meeting ... Here we consider the implications of such a transition, and the challenges that aquaculture must overcome to increase ... We consider how agriculture, specifically crops, can provide solutions for aquaculture, especially the sectors that are ...
Forms of Aquaculture[edit , edit source]. Pisciculture[edit , edit source]. Shrimp and Prawn farming[edit , edit source]. ... Aquaculture broadly refers to the cultivation of aquatic flora and fauna in a controlled and modified environment to ... specifically enhance the growth, quantity and . Aquaculture is categorised in any number of ways, a common one being based on ... Retrieved from "" ...
Regional Model Competency Standards: Agriculture and aquaculturepdf - 1.5 MB * Agriculture and aquaculture provide jobs to tens ... Regional Model Competency Standards: Agriculture and aquaculture .... Regional Model Competency Standards: Agriculture and ... aquaculture. The RMCS are intended to be a regional reference for developing competency standards for those countries that are ...
The Deep Dive on Aquaculture kicked off the second weekend of the Slow Fish gathering, and there was perhaps no better way to ...
The National Cold Water Marine Aquaculture Center is located in Franklin, ME and is part of the Northeast Area.. The Center ... The National Cold Water Marine Aquaculture Center (NCWMAC) is staffed by ARS scientists and support personnel who are managing ... The mission of the National Cold Water Marine Aquaculture Center is to conduct research that will solve problems limiting ... a national research program to address the cold-water marine aquaculture industrys highest priority research needs. ...
ARS Home » Animal Production and Protection » Aquaculture » Docs » National Strategic Plan Federal Aquaculture Research ... Federal aquaculture research programs are for the benefit of the American people, inclusive of current and future generations. ... This plan identifies critical objectives for strategic goals that will support U.S. aquaculture development through Federal ... A National Strategic Plan for Aquaculture Research, Prepared by the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) Subcommittee ...
... imports and exports of fish and shellfish that may be products of aquaculture, such as salmon, shrimp, and oysters. ... Aquaculture Data. NOTE: Updates to this data product are discontinued.. Statistics on domestically grown catfish and trout, and ... ERS aquaculture trade codes.xls.. More information on current HTS codes is available on the U.S. International Trade Commission ... NOTE: Product lines reported in the aquaculture trade tables are based on ERS aggregations of 10-digit HTS (Harmonized Tariff ...
The Aquaculture Research Institute (ARI) is a strong proponent of collaboration with governmental agencies, Native American ... tribes, the aquaculture industry and other universities. ARI is hosting or contributing to the following event(s) to help ...
... change is coming for Huon Aquaculture. The only assured aspect is that founders Peter and Frances Bender will soon walk away. ...
View all our Huon Aquaculture vacancies now with new jobs added daily! ... Find your ideal job at SEEK with 10 Huon Aquaculture jobs found in All Australia. ... This is an exciting and fulfilling position for someone who has experience leading a team and step into the growing aquaculture ...
Copyright © 2023 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. All rights reserved. Terms of UsePrivacy Policy. 1307 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637 , 773.702.6308. ...
Understanding Aquaculture*Largemouth Bass Aquaculture*Cleaner Fish Biology and Aquaculture Applications*Sea Bass and Sea Bream ... World Aquaculture Magazine Now Open to All. Starting with the June 2023 issue of World Aquaculture Magazine, the Board of ... Aquaculture America 2024*116th Annual Meeting. National Shellfisheries Association*Aquaculture UK*SAQUARES - 2023*ISFNF 2024 ... Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS) have become part of the global aquaculture landscape. Announcements of new, planned ...
Center for Renewable Energy in Aquaculture (CeREA). Introduction In response to these needs, challenges, and opportunities of ... The IkanAdapt project has the objective to "Enable fisheries and aquaculture stakeholders in Timor-Leste to adapt to climate ... Youth participation in small-scale fisheries, aquaculture and value chains in Africa and the Asia-Pacific. ...
Aquaculture. The farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants with some sort of ... The History of Offshore Aquaculture Governance in the Gulf of Mexico. FA230/FA230 ... Tilapia Lake Virus (TiLV): a Globally Emerging Threat to Tilapia Aquaculture. FA213/FA213 ...
In the world of aquaculture and fish farming, water quality is of utmost importance. It plays a critical role in preventing ... We are committed to keeping you informed about the potential benefits of Ion Solutions for your aquaculture operation and look ... This chemical-free and ultra-energy-efficient process aims to optimize the living environment for fish at aquaculture ... stress-free fish and potentially improved quality of outputs when the technology becomes accessible in the aquaculture market. ...
This collaborative project aims to support the aquaculture industry, by providing aquaculture producers with the tools to ... Aquaculture is the farming of animals in the water and has been practised for centuries, with the monks farming fish in the ... Displaying items by tag: aquaculture. 27th November 2020 Wexford Campus Aquabusiness Diploma Attracting International Students ... at the fisheries, marine and aquaculture sector in Ireland.. Numbers have doubled as the course goes from "strength to strength ...
Future prospects in aquaculture technology How do digital solutions, enabling technologies, big data and internet of things ... Aquaculture equipment must take care of fish welfare. Digital systems enable us to monitor the fish and develop solutions that ... The largest aquaculture species has many traits that make it perfect for industrial production. An technological outlook on the ... 12.00 Ambitions for a strong aquaculture industry in Norway. - Planning for future growth - Vegar Johansen, CEO. - The value of ...
Reporting Guide This guide is designed to provide additional information as you complete the 2015 Annual Survey of Aquaculture ... Include: Sales of finfish, molluscs, aquaculture services, aquaculture by-products, seed, sales of goods purchased for resale ... This guide is designed to provide additional information as you complete the 2015 Annual Survey of Aquaculture Industry. If you ... Include: roe, crustaceans, seed or larvae for grow-out, other shellfish not specified and aquaculture by-products. ...
... A barge that leaked fuel into the Damariscotta River will be removed ... rocks Saturday morning and continue cleaning up diesel fuel that spilled after it broke free from the dock at an aquaculture ...
You can find more information from Maryland Sea Grant about aquaculture on several pages on our website: ... Maryland Sea Grant has supported the development of aquaculture as an exciting new commercial opportunity in Maryland. Its one ... You can find more information from Maryland Sea Grant about aquaculture on several pages on our website:. Oyster Aquaculture ... Shellfish Aquaculture: See additional background information about aquaculture of clams and oysters. ...
A resource for aquaculture new animal drug sponsors interested in bringing a product to approval. It provides summaries and ... The steps to aquaculture drug approval are the same as those for any animal drug approval. That information is repeated here ... Aquaculture drugs are eligible for the conditional approval pathway because they are new animal drugs intended for use in minor ... Aquaculture drug sponsors are all eligible for Minor Use Minor Species fee waivers. Specific information is available in CVM ...
The aquaculture industry is fast expanding around the globe and causing major environmental and social disruptions. The volume ... Aboriginal Title and Rights in Aquaculture 8. Aboriginal Title and Aquaculture Diana Ginn 9. Aquaculture Law and Policy in ... Introduction: Towards Principled Access and Operations in Aquaculture David VanderZwaag and Gloria Chao Part 1: Aquaculture Law ... Development of a US EEZ Operational Framework for Aquaculture Jeremy Firestone 16. Australian Aquaculture: Opportunities and ...
oysters aquaculture water quality nutrients nutrient pollution nitrogen Potomac River National Oceanic and Atmospheric ... Oyster aquaculture could combat Potomac River pollution. Shellfish raised on the river bottom would remove excess nutrients ... Shellfish aquaculture could also have benefits outside the realm of water quality: the shellfish could serve as a marketable ... But in 2008, Maryland passed a plan to expand aquaculture in the region, and in 2009, NOAA launched an initiative to promote ...
  • This important work helps us better understand the complex interplay of biological, ecological, and environmental variables that influence fisheries and aquaculture operations and contribute to the development of strategies that promote responsible and sustainable fishing practices, safeguard biodiversity, and address the challenges posed by climate change. (
  • The Australian Government asked the Productivity Commission to undertake a public inquiry into the regulation of the Australian Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture Sectors. (
  • The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is authorized under 21 C.F.R. § 20.89 to disclose non-public information to the National Fisheries and Aquaculture Service of Chile (SERNAPESCA) regarding FDA-regulated products as part of cooperative law enforcement or cooperative regulatory activities. (
  • While inland fisheries and aquaculture have increased in absolute terms, their potential has not been fully realised. (
  • Mariculture technical environmental spatial and governance challenges held from 22 to 25 march 2010 in orbetello italy and organized by the aquaculture branch of the fisheries and aquaculture department of the food and agriculture organization. (
  • In honor of World Fisheries Day, the November 2023 edition of BioOne VISTA spotlights fisheries science and aquaculture from BioOne Complete partner publishers, including American Malacological Bulletin , Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management , Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation , Journal of Coastal Research , Journal of Shellfish Research , Malacologia , and more. (
  • It is less than a month until Zambia meets the world for the 2nd Aquaculture Africa Conference scheduled for 13-16 November 2023 in Lusaka. (
  • Starting with the June 2023 issue of World Aquaculture Magazine, the Board of Directors of The Worls Aquaculture Society has determined to make the magazine available to any website visitors. (
  • A seminar, "Norway-Vietnam: Strengthening Cooperation in Marine Aquaculture" was held in Nha Trang city, Vietnam on Monday, 5 June 2023 to promote further cooperation in the fishery sector as both countries have worked together for almost forty years. (
  • Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater, brackish water and saltwater populations under controlled or semi-natural conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. (
  • Mariculture, commonly known as marine farming, refers specifically to aquaculture practiced in seawater habitats and lagoons, as opposed to freshwater aquaculture. (
  • Freshwater aquaculture produces species that are native to freshwater streams, lakes, and rivers. (
  • Freshwater aquaculture primarily takes place in ponds, tanks, and in land-based systems. (
  • The commercial production of aquatic plants and animals is called aquaculture and can be divided into freshwater aquaculture and sea or saltwater aquaculture. (
  • Freshwater aquaculture is the growing of fish and plants in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) and in both indoor and outdoor ponds or tanks. (
  • Freshwater fish farming in South Africa is defined by the term 'aquaculture' and describes the process of producing fish for food in fre. (
  • There are two main types of aquaculture-marine and freshwater. (
  • U.S. freshwater aquaculture produces species such as catfish and trout. (
  • Freshwater aquaculture primarily takes place in ponds or other manmade systems. (
  • The Department of the Interior spends about $15 million yearly on freshwater aquaculture at its fish hatcheries, research and development laboratories, and cooperative fishery units. (
  • The link that closes the epidemiologic chain between the Brazilian outbreak of fish tapeworm infections and the aquaculture of salmon in southern Chile is that some of the freshwater lakes where D. latum and D. dendriticum are endemic are used to grow the freshwater stages of juvenile salmon, or smolt, in cages ( 15 ). (
  • Achieving this goal is seriously hampered, however, because the present state of knowledge on FZT infection in the fish production chain is inadequate to devise practical and sustainable prevention strategies, especially for small-scale and integrated freshwater aquaculture. (
  • Recirculating Aquaculture Systems (RAS) have become part of the global aquaculture landscape. (
  • Recirculating aquaculture systems, technology that recycles and saves water, has expanded in recent years. (
  • The most impactful investment opportunities the guide identifies (per ) are protecting bivalves and expanding recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), which are a form of on-land fish farms that could protect at-risk marine habitats and allow natural populations of wild fish species to recover from overfishing. (
  • Marine aquaculture (mariculture) refers to species that live in the ocean and can take place in the ocean or on land. (
  • Expanding mariculture farther offshore technical environmental spatial and governance challenges in considering the future for offshore marine aquaculture these figures prompt two observations and a question. (
  • The State Legislature's policies promote a diverse shellfish farming industry, and DNR's role is to preserve and enhance water-dependent uses such as aquaculture, and to provide opportunities to utilize renewable resources, including shellfish. (
  • or on fenced/enclosed sections of open water away from the shore (offshore aquaculture), where the species are either cultured in cages, racks or bags, and are exposed to more diverse natural conditions such as water currents (such as ocean currents), diel vertical migration and nutrient cycles. (
  • Research on numerous aquaculture species has been conducted at SNARC for almost 60 years. (
  • Aquaculture farming involves around 580 species that are currently farmed all over the world, representing a wealth of genetic diversity both within and among species. (
  • Farmed fish species are typically exposed to many different microorganisms inhabiting the water column in aquaculture systems. (
  • Aquaculture is a method used to produce food and other commercial products, restore habitat and replenish wild stocks, and rebuild populations of threatened and endangered species. (
  • NOAA efforts primarily focus on marine aquaculture, which refers to farming species that live in the ocean and estuaries. (
  • U.S. aquaculture is an environmentally responsible source of food and commercial products, helps to create healthier habitats, and is used to rebuild stocks of threatened or endangered species. (
  • H.R. 9370 would establish a National Aquaculture Council to assess the state of aquaculture in the U.S. and to prepare a National Aquaculture Development Plan-a detailed set of Federal activities to expand the commercial potential of certain aquatic species. (
  • Aquaculture fish species commonly used to prepare raw fish dishes, such as carp, frequently also have high a prevalence of FZT metacercariae ( 12 , 17 - 19 ). (
  • For more than a hundred years, the state Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and its predecessor has offered leases to support aquaculture operations that grow oysters, clams, and mussels using a variety of growing methods, including: bottom, bag, intertidal long lines, and floating shellfish rafts. (
  • Statistics on domestically grown catfish and trout, and U.S. imports and exports of fish and shellfish that may be products of aquaculture, such as salmon, shrimp, and oysters. (
  • FAO's Biannual Food Outlook shows that aquaculture production has increased from 87.5 million tons in 2020 to 92 million tons in 2022. (
  • At the Blue Food Innovation Summit in April 2022, Maggie Fried (head of the ocean and aquaculture investor consortium of CREO) cited The Nature Conservancy 's 2019 "Towards a Blue Revolution" report as a source of the organization's inspiration. (
  • Under the pressure of the increasing world population on the one side and the stagnating or even declining fishery landings on the other side, aquaculture is considered as the only option to respond to the growing demand for healthy and sustainable seafood. (
  • Local residents, First Nations elders and fishery organizations are challenging Sablefin Hatcheries' plan to operate a sablefish aquaculture hatchery and inject effluent into the nearby sand tombolo. (
  • Regulation (EU) No 1379/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 354, p1, 28.12.2013) of 11 December 2103 on the common organisation of the markets in fishery and aquaculture products. (
  • Regulation (EU) No 1379/2013 sets out rules on the mandatory and voluntary information to be provided for prepacked and non-prepacked fishery and aquaculture products. (
  • NOAA experts and partners work to understand the environmental effects of aquaculture in different settings and provide best management practices to help reduce the risk of negative impacts. (
  • Luckily, The Nature Conservancy partnered with Encourage Capital to create a 163-page guide for implementing sustainable practices into the global aquaculture industry by 2025 (via ), as well as what those specific practices might look like. (
  • We're meeting the demand for quality applied research into aquaculture practices specifically adapted to northern geographical locations. (
  • however, if the growing aquaculture industry is to sustain its contribution to world fish supplies, it must reduce wild fish inputs in feed and adopt more ecologically sound management practices. (
  • Thus, sustainable FZT prevention strategies must address aquaculture management practices, particularly in nurseries, to minimize the risk of distributing infected juveniles to grow-out ponds and, subsequently, to markets for human consumption. (
  • Aquaculture can be conducted in completely artificial facilities built on land (onshore aquaculture), as in the case of fish tank, ponds, aquaponics or raceways, where the living conditions rely on human control such as water quality (oxygen), feed, temperature. (
  • Particular methods include aquaponics and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, both of which integrate fish farming and aquatic plant farming. (
  • Aquaponics is the combination of aquaculture (fish farming) with hydroponics (raising plants without soil) to produce both fish and plants in an enclosed system. (
  • What practical changes can you make to support aquaculture gut health? (
  • Seaweed farming is often viewed as the pinnacle of sustainable aquaculture - but ensuring sustainability is incredibly complex. (
  • Research at SLU contributes to sustainable aquaculture through development of modern breeding programmes, resource-efficient and high-quality fish feed ingredients and circular innovative farming methods. (
  • The reported output from global aquaculture operations in 2019 was over 120 million tonnes valued at US$274 billion. (
  • To address this hypothesis, we prepared statistical models incorporating aquaculture production data from Danish Aquaculture , detailed records on prescription of antimicrobials from the Danish VETSTAT program, and meteorological data from 2001 to 2019 from the Danish Meteorological Institute. (
  • The master's Aquaculture and Marine Resource Management is a two-year MSc programme. (
  • On the Programme of Aquaculture and Marine Resource Management page you can find the general outline of the programme and more detailed information about courses, theses and internships. (
  • Interested in taking part in the programme of Aquaculture and Marine Resource Management? (
  • This dataset forms part of a wider study assessing different aquaculture potential in the South and East Marine Plan Areas for the Marine Management Organisation, project MMO1040. (
  • The Department of Commerce, through its aquaculture research activities and the Sea Grant program, is supporting marine research, development, and advisory services. (
  • Tran Dinh Luan, head of the Fisheries Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) said that studying from Norway's experiences and successes can assist Vietnam to solve current problems and create a more sustainable marine aquaculture. (
  • In addition, the country also considers reducing exploitation and increasing aquaculture as a policy to help balance human needs with the conservation of marine resources and sustainable development, according to the MARD. (
  • Global marine fish catch and aquaculture 1950-2006 (Mtonnes). (
  • Between 1970 and 2006 the proportion of total marine fish production derived from aquaculture grew from 2% to 20% (Figure 1). (
  • The aquaculture industry is engaged in the raising and production of plants or animals in either a controlled farm environment or selected aquatic environments. (
  • In 2011-2017, there were an average of 6,627 workers employed in the aquaculture industry. (
  • The mission of the Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center is to conduct aquaculture research to address the highest priority needs of the U.S. aquaculture industry. (
  • This type of production does not produce many tonnes, but is an important part of the aquaculture industry. (
  • NOAA is committed to supporting an aquaculture industry that is economically, environmentally and socially sustainable. (
  • Food security and ecosystem restoration, through aquaculture, is of global importance and, in the face of declining resources, aquaculture will have an increasing demand for people with in-depth knowledge and practical expertise to enable this major industry to produce nutritious, high-quality, affordable foods and other products. (
  • The sustainable development of the aquaculture industry in Europe has become essential for improving the competitiveness of this sector internationally. (
  • Per Environmental International, fish farms are using more and more plant-based feeds as the aquaculture industry grows and shifts toward trends of sustainability. (
  • Now, CREO Syndicate - a non-profit network of about 200 investors around the world - says the aquaculture industry needs more funding than ever to achieve more dramatic, crucial long-term climate and sustainability solutions (per SeafoodSource ). (
  • The report cites aquaculture as the fastest growing source of food production in the world: A $243 billion industry that employs 20 million people around the world, many of whom reportedly live in emerging economies . (
  • While the underlying purpose of the bill-development of an active aquaculture industry is sound, I am concerned that the numerous broad-reaching programs established under the bill are premature. (
  • The bill also would create a Federal Aquaculture Assistance Fund to provide financial assistance and support to the aquaculture industry through a new Federal loan guarantee program and a new Federal insurance program. (
  • The Administration recognizes the importance of aquaculture, the need for effective programs to support this, and the concept of an assessment of the aquaculture industry. (
  • Federal agencies are now involved in a wide variety of aquaculture activities, and they already have the legislative authorities they need to provide research and technical and financial assistance to the aquaculture industry. (
  • Commercial aquaculture is a relatively young, diverse and dynamic bio-industry with growth figures exceeding any other traditional primary production sector. (
  • Modern aquaculture is a strongly research-driven bio-industry requiring constant innovation and highly skilled entrepreneurs. (
  • The Master of Science in Aquaculture prepares you to become a highly trained and skilled expert who is able to exploit existing aquaculture potentials in a profitable and sustainable way and to draw and implement strategies for future development in the aquaculture industry. (
  • Aquaculture of salmon constitutes a rapidly growing worldwide industry with an expanding globalized market ( 1 , 2 ). (
  • These infections have been epidemiologically linked to consumption of raw salmon produced by the aquaculture industry in southern Chile, thousands of miles away ( 5 - 9 ). (
  • Therefore, the production of FZT-free fish for human consumption should be a key objective for the aquaculture industry. (
  • Such insights could have a substantial impact on prophylactic strategies , fish husbandry, and our understanding of how increasing temperatures may affect future antimicrobial usage in the global aquaculture industry . (
  • Our results lend scientific support to informal observations from the industry , but more importantly, this study provides novel, essential information on the importance of abiotic factors that can, in turn, lead to improved prophylactic efforts and thus help to reduce antimicrobial use in global aquaculture . (
  • The FAO describes aquaculture as one of the industries most directly affected by climate change and its impacts. (
  • Some forms of aquaculture have negative impacts on the environment, such as through nutrient pollution or disease transfer to wild populations. (
  • The mission of National Program 106, Aquaculture, is to conduct research and deliver technologies that improve domestic aquaculture production efficiency and product quality while minimizing impacts on natural resources. (
  • Some aquaculture systems also reduce wild fish supplies through habitat modification, wild seedstock collection and other ecological impacts. (
  • U.S. aquaculture production was 633 million pounds with a value of $1.5 billion in 2016. (
  • A whopping 50% of all seafood consumed worldwide came from aquaculture in 2016, according to a peer-reviewed paper published in Environmental International (via ScienceDirect ). (
  • In 2020, 10 Aquaculture students graduated with students earning 9 Certificates, and 1 Associate's degree. (
  • While these numbers are good, production is not increasing at the desired rate to meet demand for additional aquaculture protein, which has been estimated at 40 million more tons by 2050. (
  • SNARC conducts research on novel aquaculture production methods, such as bio-floc systems. (
  • Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing food production sectors globally. (
  • 2021). Stocking density is an important parameter in tilapia aquaculture as it has a direct effect on growth, mortality and production (Sharmin Aktar et al. (
  • Aquaculture is defined as the production of aquatic plants and animals for human consumption. (
  • focus on specialized aquaculture-related topics underpinned by the expertise of the ARC (especially in terms of live food production and applications and larviculture microbiology). (
  • Aspects of animal welfare with regard to the production of farmed fish in aquaculture systems]. (
  • It remains uncertain at what stages in the aquaculture production cycle fish become infected with FZTs. (
  • Although the extensive availability and accuracy of relevant data are associated with Danish production , we believe the results allow for more general conclusions on the influence of meteorological parameters on outbreaks of bacterial pathogens in international aquaculture . (
  • IMPORTANCE Global aquaculture production has been rapidly increasing for decades and is set to play a pivotal role in feeding a growing human population . (
  • Along with the growth in aquaculture production , the annual global use of antimicrobials is estimated to increase by one-third between 2017 and 2030. (
  • For food fish farming, recirculating systems have become part of the development of an environmentally sustainable Swedish aquaculture. (
  • By optimizing the entire water treatment system, the best possible water quality can be maintained for the well-being and growth of the fish, which enables cost-effective and environmentally friendly aquaculture. (
  • Aquaculture leases for state aquatic lands are handled by DNR's Aquatics Districts . (
  • Lillafüred, a famous tourist resort in pristine mountains of the country's north-east, is home to Hungary's oldest pond aquaculture facility running since the 1930s, a trout breeding farm managed by György Hoisty's family. (
  • The Oceans, Seafood, and Aquaculture Investor Consortium (OSAIC), a similar coalition of independent, sustainability-focused investors within CREO, is contributing $250 million. (
  • Aquaculture in brackish or saline water has flourished in India. (
  • In the POCOplast project (Pathways to sustainable post-consumer plastics in aquaculture), SINTEF collaborates with NTNU and organizations from all parts of the value chain (NCE Aquatech, Plasto, Grieg Seafood, Empower, Norwegian Plastic Recycling (NOPREC), Flokk) and the Bellona Foundation (environmental NGO). (
  • So seafood, whether it's wild-capture or aquaculture, is going to play a big part in feeding the world's population. (
  • Among all European countries, Ireland is the leader in clean aquaculture, producing around 30 thousand tons of organically certified fish and shellfish every year, meanwhile, Hungary produces as much organic seafood as France or Denmark. (
  • Pisciculture is a type of aquaculture that consists of fish farming to obtain fish products as food. (
  • According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), aquaculture "is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. (
  • The Erasmus Mundus Joint Masters Degree in Aquaculture, Environment and Society STAR (EMJMD ACES-STAR) offers specialised training to deliver highly skilled graduates capable of addressing the challenge of food provision for a growing world population and ecosystem restoration at a time of climate change. (
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration defines aquaculture as "the breeding, rearing, and harvesting of fish, shellfish, algae, and other organisms in all types of water environments," and it's a massive player in the global food supply. (
  • Aquaculture has vast potential as a tool for conservation, providing food for people while benefiting the environment. (
  • Responsible aquaculture can aid food problems. (
  • Aquaculture feed and food safety. (
  • The influence of FZTs on the food safety of aquaculture products can have a noticeable adverse economic and public health effect because fish farming in Asia is expanding rapidly. (
  • Due to continuous growth, ecologically, economically and socially sustainable sites for aquaculture are already in use, which has caused a need for new fish farming techniques. (
  • By geography, Asia Pacific is going to have high growth during forecast period due to rise in demand for advanced and latest aquaculture products that help in producing more quality output with available land for aqua farming and enhance the efficiency of aquaculture operations. (
  • An 800 g Nile tilapia from the Aquaculture Division at Stellenbosch University. (
  • The objective was to identify the key aspects that allow the realization of greater profitability in Nile tilapia aquaculture. (
  • About 80 percent of the commercial aquaculture leases are for oyster culture. (
  • Conservation aquaculture offers hope for oyster populations. (
  • Like other leases of state-owned aquatic lands, aquaculture leases are negotiated based on the direction of the 1984 Aquatic Lands Act to manage the lands and resources in ways that protect the environment while encouraging navigation and other water-dependent uses, renewable resources, and public access-and earn revenue where appropriate. (
  • About half of the revenue generated from aquaculture leases is used for management and protection of state-owned aquatic lands statewide, and half is deposited into the Aquatic Lands Enhancement Account (ALEA). (
  • To implement the ruling, a procedure for notification of tribes about DNR aquaculture leases and potential harvest agreements on state lands was formalized in an implementation plan. (
  • Among all European countries, Ireland is the leader in clean aquaculture , producing around 30 thousand tons of organically certified fish and shellfish every year. (
  • The Aquaculture Centre of Excellence conducts applied research on a variety of aquatic-based topics. (
  • Welcome to the Aquaculture Centre of Excellence (ACE). (
  • VICTORIA - The development of a unique and sensitive ecosystem and the disinterring of First Nations ancestral remains are at the centre of a challenge mounted against an aquaculture facility at Walker Hook on Saltspring Island. (
  • in other salmon aquaculture settings, smolt are grown in tanks containing filtered water. (
  • Aquaculture is an umbrella term for industries that focus on the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants. (
  • The Indian Blue Revolution has led to a major improvement the fishing and aquaculture industries. (
  • Including the digital magazine, full news archive, podcasts, webinars and articles on innovations and current trends in the commercial fishing and aquaculture industries. (
  • Further, in current aquaculture practice, products from several kilograms of wild fish are used to produce one kilogram of a piscivorous fish like salmon. (
  • However, in spite of the accepted fact that parasitic worms can be transmitted to humans by free-ranging fish (4), until recently, few examples have been reported of pathogens that could be transmitted to humans directly by the products and subproducts of salmon aquaculture. (
  • I discuss here information indicating that salmon aquaculture is involved in expanding the range of fish tapeworm infections in nature and to humans. (
  • For example, in caged fish aquaculture, bacterial and parasitic diseases can be transmitted to wild fish ( 1 , 2 ). (
  • But what kind of environmental conditions will future aquaculture producers have to operate unde. (
  • Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the controlled cultivation ("farming") of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, mollusks, algae and other organisms of value such as aquatic plants (e.g. lotus). (
  • Aquaculture can also be defined as the breeding, growing, and harvesting of fish and other aquatic plants, also known as farming in water. (
  • Aquaculture is defined as the activity of fish farming. (
  • Ten Maine-based aquaculture and fisheries professionals visited Aomori Prefecture at the northern tip of Japan's main island of Honshu from 1 to 10 October to observe scallop farming techniques. (
  • Product lines reported in the aquaculture trade tables are based on ERS aggregations of 10-digit HTS (Harmonized Tariff Schedule) and Schedule B codes intended to encompass all of the product forms, types and varieties that are commonly associated with each particular aquaculture category. (
  • Many people believe that such growth relieves pressure on ocean fisheries, but the opposite is true for some types of aquaculture. (
  • Aerial view of the USDA-ARS Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center (SNARC). (
  • The Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Cntr is located in Stuttgart, AR and is part of the Southeast Area . (
  • The platform provides funding for projects aimed at strengthening research in aquaculture and contribute to cross-faculty collaboration within SLU. (
  • Aquaculture research began at Lethbridge College in 1989. (
  • The MSc in Aquaculture, established at Ghent University in 1991, offers a constantly actualised programme that balances a broad multidisciplinary approach with an in-depth research-based training. (
  • It prepares its students for fulfilling leading roles in scientific research, as well as in policy-making as aquaculture businesses. (