Aquabirnavirus: A genus of RNA viruses in the family BIRNAVIRIDAE infecting fish, mollusks, and crustaceans. It is transmitted both vertically and horizontally with no known vectors. The natural hosts are salmonids and the type species is INFECTIOUS PANCREATIC NECROSIS VIRUS.Birnaviridae: A family of bisegmented, double-stranded RNA viruses causing infection in fish, mollusks, fowl, and Drosophila. There are three genera: AQUABIRNAVIRUS; AVIBIRNAVIRUS; and ENTOMOBIRNAVIRUS. Horizontal and vertical transmission occurs for all viruses.Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus: The type species of AQUABIRNAVIRUS, causing infectious pancreatic necrosis in salmonid fish and other freshwater and marine animals including mollusks.Birnaviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the BIRNAVIRIDAE.RNA Replicase: An enzyme that catalyses RNA-template-directed extension of the 3'- end of an RNA strand by one nucleotide at a time, and can initiate a chain de novo. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p293)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Infectious bursal disease virus: A species of AVIBIRNAVIRUS causing severe inflammation of the bursa of Fabricius in chickens and other fowl. Transmission is thought to be through contaminated feed or water. Vaccines have been used with varying degrees of success.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.GermanyRed Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksVanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Hepatitis, Infectious Canine: A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Salmo salar: A commercially important species of SALMON in the family SALMONIDAE, order SALMONIFORMES, which occurs in the North Atlantic.Salmon: Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Salmonidae: A family of anadromous fish comprising SALMON; TROUT; whitefish; and graylings. They are the most important food and game fishes. Their habitat is the northern Atlantic and Pacific, both marine and inland, and the Great Lakes. (Nelson: Fishes of the World, 1976, p97)Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Microscopy, Ultraviolet: Microscopy in which the image is formed by ultraviolet radiation and is displayed and recorded by means of photographic film.Chlamydiaceae: A family of gram-negative, coccoid microorganisms, in the order CHLAMYDIALES, pathogenic for vertebrates. Genera include CHLAMYDIA and CHLAMYDOPHILA.Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.Mollusca: A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.Intestinal Mucosa: Lining of the INTESTINES, consisting of an inner EPITHELIUM, a middle LAMINA PROPRIA, and an outer MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE. In the SMALL INTESTINE, the mucosa is characterized by a series of folds and abundance of absorptive cells (ENTEROCYTES) with MICROVILLI.Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Haplosporida: A phylum of EUKARYOTES in the RHIZARIA group. They are small endoparasites of marine invertebrates. Spores are structurally complex but without polar filaments or tubes.Cystoviridae: A family of bacteriophages containing one genus (Cystovirus) with one member (BACTERIOPHAGE PHI 6).Totiviridae: A family of RNA viruses that infect fungi and protozoa. There are three genera: TOTIVIRUS; GIARDIAVIRUS; and LEISHMANIAVIRUS.Reoviridae: A family of unenveloped RNA viruses with cubic symmetry. The twelve genera include ORTHOREOVIRUS; ORBIVIRUS; COLTIVIRUS; ROTAVIRUS; Aquareovirus, Cypovirus, Phytoreovirus, Fijivirus, Seadornavirus, Idnoreovirus, Mycoreovirus, and Oryzavirus.Bacteriophage phi 6: Virulent bacteriophage and sole member of the genus Cystovirus that infects Pseudomonas species. The virion has a segmented genome consisting of three pieces of doubled-stranded DNA and also a unique lipid-containing envelope.RNA, Double-Stranded: RNA consisting of two strands as opposed to the more prevalent single-stranded RNA. Most of the double-stranded segments are formed from transcription of DNA by intramolecular base-pairing of inverted complementary sequences separated by a single-stranded loop. Some double-stranded segments of RNA are normal in all organisms.RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.

Phylogenetic relationships of aquatic birnaviruses based on deduced amino acid sequences of genome segment A cDNA. (1/15)

Aquatic birnaviruses, such as infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), cause serious diseases in a variety of fish species used worldwide in aquaculture and have also been isolated from a variety of healthy fish and shellfish species. These viruses exhibit a high degree of antigenic heterogeneity and variation in biological properties such as pathogenicity, host range, and temperature of replication. To better understand genetic and biological diversity among these viruses, the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were determined from cDNA of the large open reading frame (ORF) of genome segment A of the 9 type strains of Serogroup A and 4 other representative strains of Serotype A1, the predominant serotype in the United States. In addition, nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were determined for the VP2 coding region of a variety of isolates representing 5 of the 9 serotypes. VP2 is the major outer capsid protein of aquatic birnaviruses. RT-PCR was used to amplify a 2904 bp cDNA fragment including all but a few bp of the large ORF of genome segment A or a 1611 bp fragment representing the entire VP2 coding region. Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences were determined from the PCR products. Pairwise comparisons were made among our data and 2 other aquatic birnavirus sequences previously published. Several hypervariable regions were identified within the large ORF. The most divergent pair of viruses exhibited a similarity of 80.1% in the deduced amino acid sequence encoded by the large ORF. Genomic relationships revealed in a phylogenetic tree constructed from comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of the large ORF demonstrated that these viruses were clustered into several genogroups. Phylogenetic comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of the VP2 coding region of 28 aquatic birnavirus isolates, including the type strains of all 9 serotypes, demonstrated 6 genogroups, some of which were comprised of several genotypes. The most divergent pair of viruses exhibited a similarity of 81.2% in the deduced amino acid sequence from the VP2 coding region. In contrast to previous studies of much shorter genomic sequences within the C-terminus-pVP2/NS junction coding region, these genogroups based on the entire large ORF or the VP2 coding region generally correlated with geographical origin and serological classification. Isolates from the major Canadian serotypes were more closely related to the European isolates than to isolates from the United States.  (+info)

Infectivity of aquabirnavirus strains to various marine fish species. (2/15)

To determine the infectivity of marine birnavirus (MABV) in various marine fish species, experimental infection was performed in combination groups of 5 fish species with 7 strains of MABV and 1 strain of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV). Mortality was observed in yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata and amberjack S. dumerili infected with MABV strains Y-6, Y-10K and H-1, but not in other infected species. MABV was reisolated from most combination groups, but the virus isolation rate and virus infectivity titer were often significantly different among groups with the same fish species or with the same virus strain. All MABV strains replicated well in makogarei Limanda yokohamae, but only slightly in tiger puffer Takifugu rubiipes. IPNV also replicated in all fish species without causing death. The isolation rate and infectivity titer of IPNV were similar to or higher than those of non-virulent strains of MABV. In conclusion, the infectivity of MABV for different fish species is considered to change, which is an important factor in the development of the infection cycle of this virus among marine organisms.  (+info)

Detection of marine birnavirus in the Japanese pearl oyster Pinctada fucata and seawater from different depths. (3/15)

This study examines the seasonal changes of marine birnavirus (MABV) in seawater and the Japanese pearl oyster Pinctada fucata reared at different depths (2 and 15 m). Oysters and seawater were collected in 1998, and a 2-step PCR was carried out to detect MABV. Virus isolation was performed on the PCR-positive samples in the oyster. The detection rate of the MABV genome in the oyster was low during June, but increased after July at both 2 and 15 m depths. MABV was not isolated until after September, when isolation rates of 10 to 28.6% were recorded. The results suggest that growth of MABV in the oyster is similar at 2 and 15 m depth. In contrast, the MABV genome in seawater was present through the year at 15 m depth, but was not detected in summer at 2 m. This suggests that the virus is destroyed by UV and/or other factors at 2 m in summer, but is stable in deeper waters.  (+info)

Blotched snakehead virus is a new aquatic birnavirus that is slightly more related to avibirnavirus than to aquabirnavirus. (4/15)

By different approaches, we characterized the birnavirus blotched snakehead virus (BSNV). The sequence of genomic segment A revealed the presence of two open reading frames (ORFs): a large ORF with a 3,207-bp-long nucleotide sequence and a 417-nucleotide-long small ORF located within the N-terminal half of the large ORF, but in a different reading frame. The large ORF was found to encode a polyprotein cotranslationally processed by the viral protease VP4 to generate pVP2 (the VP2 precursor), a 71-amino-acid-long peptide ([X]), VP4, and VP3. The two cleavage sites at the [X]-VP4 and VP4-VP3 junctions were identified by N-terminal sequencing. We showed that the processing of pVP2 generated VP2 and several small peptides (amino acids [aa] 418 to 460, 461 to 467, 468 to 474, and 475 to 486). Two of these peptides (aa 418 to 460 and 475 to 486) were positively identified in the viral particles with 10 additional peptides derived from further processing of the peptide aa 418 to 460. The results suggest that VP4 cleaves multiple Pro-X-Ala downward arrow Ala motifs, with the notable exception of the VP4-VP3 junction. Replacement of the members of the predicted VP4 catalytic dyad (Ser-692 and Lys-729) confirmed their indispensability in the polyprotein processing. The genomic segment B sequence revealed a single large ORF encoding a putative polymerase, VP1. Our results demonstrate that BSNV should be considered a new aquatic birnavirus species, slightly more related to IBDV than to IPNV.  (+info)

Detection of marine birnavirus genome in zooplankton collected from the Uwa Sea, Japan. (5/15)

Marine birnaviruses (MABVs) infect a wide range of fish and shellfish, yet their mode of transmission is still unclear. To determine whether marine plankton serve as a vector for MABVs, we examined plankton collected from the Uwa Sea, Japan. The phytoplankton and zooplankton were collected monthly, at depths of 0 and 40 m, from May to November 2001. Detection of the MABV genome was carried out using 2-step PCR and virus isolation. Viral genome was detected in zooplankton collected at 0 m depth in September and at 40 m depth in November. The virus could not be isolated in the PCR-positive samples. These results suggest that zooplankton may act as a vector of MABVs, although the infective and/or accumulated virus titer in zooplankton was low.  (+info)

Early interactions of marine birnavirus infection in several fish cell lines. (6/15)

Marine birnavirus (MABV), a member of the genus Aquabirnavirus, family Birnaviridae, is an unenveloped icosahedral virus with two genomes of double-stranded RNA. The mechanisms of MABV adsorption and penetration are still undetermined. This work examined MABV infection in susceptible and resistant fish cell lines. MABV adsorbed not only onto the cell surfaces of susceptible (CHSE-214 and RSBK-2) cells but also onto resistant (FHM and EPC) cells. Furthermore, the virus entered the cytoplasm through the endocytotic pathway in CHSE-214, RSBK-2 and FHM cells but did not penetrate EPC cells. Thus, restriction of the MABV replication cycle is different between resistant FHM and EPC cells. The virus was found to bind to an around 250 kDa protein on CHSE-214, RSBK-2, FHM and EPC cells. Thus, this 250 kDa protein may be a major MABV receptor that exists in the plasma membranes of all four cell lines examined. This result suggests further that another receptor for virus penetration may exist in CHSE-214, RSBK-2 and FHM cells but not in EPC cells.  (+info)

Characterization of aquabirnaviruses from flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus and mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus in the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, USA. (7/15)

Viruses were isolated in cell culture from tissue homogenates of flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus and mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus in the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, USA. Neutralization and immunofluorescence tests with aquabirnavirus (West Buxton strain)-specific polyclonal antisera indicated that both viruses were aquabirnaviruses belonging to Serogroup A, the most common aquabirnavirus serogroup in the United States. This was confirmed by RT-PCR, with primers targeting the VP3 and VP2 gene of aquabirnaviruses. The VP2-specific RT-PCR cDNA amplification product was sequenced and deduced amino-acid sequences were compared with known sequences of the type strains of the 9 serotypes of aquabirnavirus Serogroup A. This demonstrated that the viruses from both flounder and mummichog belong to aquabirnavirus Genogroup 1. The flounder isolate exhibited deduced amino acid sequence similarities of 98.1% with the Jasper strain of serotype A9, and 97.7% with the West Buxton strain of serotype A1. The isolate from mummichog exhibited deduced amino acid sequence similarities of 99.1% with the West Buxton strain of Serotype A1 and 94.8% with the Jasper isolate of Serotype A9. Similarities of deduced amino acid sequences ranged from 79.9 to 86.9%, with representatives of the other 7 serotypes. This is the first report of an aquabirnavirus from mummichog F. heteroclitus and only the fifth report of an aquabirnavirus from a flounder species.  (+info)

Restriction fragment length polymorphisms and sequence analysis: an approach for genotyping infectious pancreatic necrosis virus reference strains and other aquabirnaviruses isolated from northwestern Spain. (8/15)

Reference strains of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus resembling the 10 recognized serotypes and local isolates of aquabirnaviruses isolated in northwestern Spain from reservoirs (mollusks) and from asymptomatic and carrier cultured fish were genotyped by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and nucleic acid sequence analyses. The RFLP analysis yielded seven genogroups, each of which was clearly correlated with a serotype. Sequence analysis of the three open reading frames provided quite similar results in terms of genogrouping. Based on the results of this study and in order to unify the two types of assays, we propose placing aquabirnaviruses into six genogroups, four of which can be subdivided into two genotypes based on a two-step restriction analysis. The genotyping corresponds with serotyping as follows: genogroup I includes two genotypes corresponding to serotypes A9 (genotype I.1) and A1 (genotype I.2); genogroup II corresponds to serotype A3; genogroup III includes genotypes III.1 (serotype A2) and III.2 (serotype B1); genogroups IV and V include two genotypes, each corresponding to serotypes A5, A6, A7, and A8 (genotypes IV.1, IV.2, V.1, and V.2, respectively);and genogroup VI corresponds to serotype A4. As expected, most local isolates belonged to genotype III.1 and genogroup II. However, a few local isolates corresponded to the American types of genogroup I. Finally, based on the results of this study and due to its simplicity, the two-step restriction analysis assay is proposed as a method for typing new isolates of aquabirnaviruses, and the results correspond to the results of conventional serotyping.  (+info)

4IZK: Crystal Structures of Yellowtail Ascites Virus VP4 Protease: TRAPPING AN INTERNAL CLEAVAGE SITE TRANS ACYL-ENZYME COMPLEX IN A NATIVE SER/LYS DYAD ACTIVE SITE.
Bouchet, P. (2012). Tellina fabrefacta. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=596122 on 2017-12- ...
original description Sowerby, G. B. II. (1866-1869). Monograph of the genus Tellina. In: Conchologia Iconica. vol. 17, pl. 1-58 and unpaginated text. L. Reeve & Co., London. [pl. 1-18, 1866; 19-42, 1867; 43-54, 1868; 1, 55-58, 1869]., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10974885 [details] ...
Cruise summary report for RV Tellina 10/68 - produced from a first level inventory of measurements and samples collected at sea that provides information on who has collected what, where and when. Assembled initially from cruise plans and then updated from other sources including the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) Cruise Summary Report (ROSCOP) forms submitted to BODC for each UK research cruise. Provides a useful resource of cruise activities to scientists, programme managers and data managers.
Cop Hater (1958), Twenty Four Hours in a Womans Life (TV-1961), Mad Dog Coll (1961), Ensign Pulver (1964), John Goldfarb, Please Come Home (1965), Annie Get Your Gun (TV-1967), The Gang That Couldnt Shoot Straight (1971), A Fans Notes (1972), Fore Play (1975), The Sentinel (1977), Underground Aces (1980), Prince of the City (1981), An Invasion of Privacy (TV-1983), Brewsters Millions (1985), F/X (1986), Dream West (TV miniseries-1986), The Imagemaker (1986), Out on a Limb (TV-1987), Love Among Thieves (TV-1987), Dirty Dancing (1987), Someone to Watch Over Me (1987), I Love N.Y. (1988), Perry Mason: The Case of the Musical Murder (TV-1989), The Flamingo Kid (TV-1989), Last Exit to Brooklyn (1989), Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989), In Defense of a Married Man (TV-1990), Kojak: None So Blind (TV-1990), Perry Mason: The Case of the Ruthless Reporter (TV-1991), Coney Island (TV voice-1991), Out for Justice (1991), Toy Soldiers (1991), Delusions (1991), Delirious (1991), Beauty and the Beast ...
1GHM: Structures of the acyl-enzyme complexes of the Staphylococcus aureus beta-lactamase mutant Glu166Asp:Asn170Gln with benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine.
Presenter: Professor Andrew Bonney Venue: UWA Nedlands Campus (corner Clifton St and Stirling Hwy - Entrance off Clifton Street) Seminar Room 5, School of Population Health Contact Details: Contact: Chloe Thomson [email protected]
There are stories currently running on social networks especially face book, insinuating that Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) is now part and p...
Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) wishes to inform tourists and other categories of visitors to Ugandan National Parks and the general public that the bat/python caves in Maramagambo forest have been vi
Like the TV-1, it looks like they envisioned it using a direct-cycle air-cooled nuclear turbine. They claim an operational range without refueling of "4000 miles plus". Evidently something they had learned since the previous year had given them greater confidence in their ability to make miniaturized reactors, since the R32 weighs in at twenty tons lighter than the previous years TV-1, and they mention in the introductory note that "it now appears feasible to build an atomic powered vehicle for approximately the same weight as present medium tanks". They are at least giving the reactor more space in their cutaway - I think its supposed to be that big circular thing in the nose of the tank. ...
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Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2020 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Log in to Pure. ...
A light and electron microscopic study was conducted on dorsal fin tissues adjacent to acute fin erosion lesions in winter flounder from 2 polluted sites (New York Bight region and New Haven Harbor) on the northeast Atlantic Coast. The objective of this work was to evaluate these minimally affected, lesion-associated tissues which may precede the acute or severe stages of the disease. The following 4 types of pathological conditions were found in the epidermis of diseased fish from the 2 polluted sites: (1) epithelial cell hyperplasia; (2) mucous cell hyperplasia and hypertrophy; (3) spongiosis; and (4) focal necrosis. The latter 2 types of lesions have not been previously reported for fin erosion in this species. Changes in the dermis associated with these lesions included fibrosis, abnormal distribution of melanocytes, hyperemia and sclerosis of blood vessels, and hemorrhage. The possibility that hypoxia may play a role in the observed pathology is considered.
ABSTRACT: Biological and physical factors interact to determine habitat use by animals. While sessile organisms inhabiting intertidal areas have been well studied, the processes underlying the use of intertidal areas by highly mobile animals such as fishes remain poorly understood. This study examines whether an intertidal fish, the mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus, preferentially uses habitats where growth rate is maximized or, like most sessile animals, is restricted to habitats providing escape from strong negative biological interactions but compromising growth. I compared growth rates and predation rates on adult F. heteroclitus at 3 Rhode Island salt marshes in 2 seasons (summer and fall). Salt marshes varied in the types of habitat (creek, pond, channel, mudflat) available to fishes within each marsh. Growth rates of marked mummichogs held in cages were determined in each habitat and each marsh for 6 wk. Predation risk was assessed by determining mortality of F. heteroclitus tethered in ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Blosnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Birnaviridae. Blotched snakehead fish serve as natural hosts. There is currently only one species in this genus: the type species Blotched snakehead virus. Group: dsRNA Order: Unassigned Family: Birnaviridae Genus: Blosnavirus Blotched snakehead virus Viruses in Blosnavirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Single-shelled geometries, and T=13 symmetry. The diameter is around 70 nm. Genomes are linear and have 2 segments, around 2.7-3.4kb in length. The genome codes for 6 proteins. Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the double-stranded RNA virus replication model. Double-stranded rna virus transcription is the method of transcription. Blotched snakehead fish serve as the natural host. "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. Viralzone: Blosnavirus ...
Addresses: OXFORD CTR MOL SCI, OXFORD OX1 3QY, ENGLAND. DYSON PERRINS LAB, OXFORD OX1 3QY, ENGLAND. UNIV OXFORD, MOL BIOPHYS LAB, OXFORD OX1 3QU, ENGLAND. UNIV UPPSALA, DEPT BIOCHEM, S-75123 UPPSALA, SWEDEN.Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2011-01-15 ...
Winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus, formerly Pseudopleuronectes americanus) is an important commercial and recreational species on the Northeast coast In recent years, however, them has been evidence of a decline in landings of winter flounder ...
Sponge definition is - an elastic porous mass of interlacing horny fibers that forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals (phylum Porifera) and is able when wetted to absorb water. How to use sponge in a sentence. Synonym Discussion of sponge.
Here you will find postgraduate student profiles from the UWA School of Agriculture and Environment and the research projects they are working on.
Uganda Wildlife Authority has offered discounted rates for the gorilla permits to enable more visitors to track the most sought after apes during the...
"Uważam, że powinna powstać zupa biolchemu. Jesteśmy inni, jesteśmy elitą. Nasze mózgi działają inaczej niż u innych ludzi. Najprawdopodobniej już za kilkaset lat będziemy tworzyć nowy, osobny gatunek: Homo sapiens scientia . Znamy wzór chemiczny kofeiny (jakby nie patrzeć, dzięki niej funkcjonujemy), mamy najlepsze wyniki z matur i wybitną pamięć. Jesteśmy wielcy. Zjednoczmy się na zupie. Manifestujmy naszą inność. Biolchem to nie człowiek, to styl życia." Admin
Lovley DR, Ueki T, Zhang T, Malvankar NS, Shrestha PM, Flanagan KA, Aklujkar M, Butler JE, Giloteaux L, Rotaru A-E et al.. 2011. Geobacter: the microbe electrics physiology, ecology, and practical applications.. Adv Microb Physiol. 59:1-100. ...
First feeding of winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus) larvae: use of Brachionus plicatilis acclimated at low temperatures as live prey
In vertebrates, appetite regulation is a complex process involving both nervous and endocrine systems. Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) are two endocrine factors that have been found to regulate food intake in fish and other vertebrates. These hormones were characterized in winter flounder, Pseudopleuronectes americanus, a flatfish common in Newfoundland bottom waters. mRNAs encoding several forms of both hormones were identified and shown to be expressed in tissues previously found to be involved in appetite regulation, including the brain (telencephalon, optic tectum, and hypothalamus) and midgut. Adult fish submitted to fasting displayed higher brain expression levels of transcripts encoding MCH and its receptor, MCH-R1, suggesting that the MCH system might stimulate feeding in flounder. Conversely, both chicken- and salmon-GnRH mRNA levels were lower in fasted fish suggesting an appetite-inhibiting effect. Our results suggest that MCH and GnRH, ...
La salida del aire de TV-6 representó un triste día para la Rusia de Vladimir Putin. Este suceso no sólo dañó la causa de la libertad de expresión, sino que el Estado de derecho recibió una profunda herida y el presidente Putin desperdició la buena voluntad de las mismas personas que él quiere emular en Occidente. El cierre de TV-6 refleja de muchas formas lo que ha salido mal en Rusia desde 1991. Mucha gente comparte la culpa de los errores que han sucedido desde la caída del comunismo. En efecto, el tipo de personajes involucrados en el cierre de TV-6 han estado con nosotros desde entonces. La avaricia, el poder, los puestos y los egos han acosado a los medios electrónicos como a todo lo demás en la era poscomunista. Los cierres con mano dura de NTV y TV-6 son sólo dos de los mejores ejemplos del salto a la normalidad de este país, y ambos revelan el enfoque selectivo de Putin para la reestructuración de Rusia. Sin embargo, las emociones sobre este suceso son más evidentes que ...
Research Methods, Data, and Analytics: Examining Service Design and User Experience in TV- and Newspaper-Oriented Digital News Interfaces: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8580-2.ch003: Media organizations deliver news services online employing various design techniques and technologies to make services useful, usable, and effective for news
Valladolid: City, capital of Valladolid provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Castile-León,northwestern Spain. The city lies along the Pisuerga River at...
InterPro provides functional analysis of proteins by classifying them into families and predicting domains and important sites. We combine protein signatures from a number of member databases into a single searchable resource, capitalising on their individual strengths to produce a powerful integrated database and diagnostic tool.
KR: Thank you, Im very happy you enjoyed the sim. In my view, I really believe the vast majority of people are enchanted by media, celebrity and the material world and tend to forget to dream for themselves, instead aiding the dreams of others. We create a bubble around ourselves and stay safe instead of maybe sometimes daring to be what we really want to be. We are all something to someone, be it a mother, father husband, wife, employer, employee, aunty, uncle, brother or sister and wonderful as this can be, we sometimes just forget ourselves along the way. Id like to think that if my art has in some way inspired one person to do something they have always wanted to do or to ask a question they have always wanted to know the answer to then I will be very happy. I think the world can be too unreal and the true reality stays hidden ...
KR: Thank you, Im very happy you enjoyed the sim. In my view, I really believe the vast majority of people are enchanted by media, celebrity and the material world and tend to forget to dream for themselves, instead aiding the dreams of others. We create a bubble around ourselves and stay safe instead of maybe sometimes daring to be what we really want to be. We are all something to someone, be it a mother, father husband, wife, employer, employee, aunty, uncle, brother or sister and wonderful as this can be, we sometimes just forget ourselves along the way. Id like to think that if my art has in some way inspired one person to do something they have always wanted to do or to ask a question they have always wanted to know the answer to then I will be very happy. I think the world can be too unreal and the true reality stays hidden ...
Advantageous online and/or real-time OFDM-based underwater acoustic (UWA) apparatus, systems and methods are provided according to the present disclosure. The apparatus, systems and methods employ a r
Obecnie uważa się, że pióra ewoluowały od prostych, wydrążonych struktur do bardzo skomplikowanych, jakie występują u współczesnych ptaków[54].. Gerard Gerliński w 1996 opublikował artykuł o datowanym na wczesną jurę odcisku należącym do teropoda, oznaczonym numerem katalogowym AC 1/7. Pozostawiło go średniej wielkości zwierzę mogące należeć do Coelophysoidea. Dokładniejsze zbadanie śladu, że w okolicy brzucha widoczne są dziwne pędzelkowate odciski. Porównanie tego odcisku z odciskami brzucha kondora i inne badania zasugerowały, że owe pędzelkowate twory mogą być odciskami piór[55]. Przypominające pióra i mierzące ok. 16 cm struktury znaleziono również na ogonie prymitywnego ceratopsa psitakozaura[24]. Ponadto prymitywne pióropodobne twory odkryto u heterodontozauryda Tianyulong. Wytwory te były wobec siebie równoległe oraz pojedyncze - brak dowodów na ich rozgałęzienia. Wydają się być także stosunkowo sztywne. Szacowana długość ...
Fishes have adapted to almost all aquatic habitats on Earth, and they can be found living at temperatures from close to −2°C in the polar regions to +44°C in some African lakes (Nelson, 2006). However, no single species can tolerate the entire temperature range and individual species have evolved the capacity to function within species-specific thermal windows that can be quite narrow (Nelson, 2006). Consequently, there is great concern over the ability of fish to acclimate and adapt to the current ocean warming resulting from rising levels of atmospheric greenhouse gases (Caldeira and Wickett, 2003; Haugan and Drange, 1996; Levitus et al., 2000; Turley et al., 2010). Indeed, biological effects attributed to rising ocean temperatures, such as reduced growth rate and shifts in distribution and abundance, have already been observed for various marine fish species (Perry et al., 2005; Pörtner and Knust, 2007; Southward et al., 1995).. The Atlantic halibut [Hippoglossus hippoglossus (Linnaeus ...
The Birnaviridae genome encodes several proteins: Birnaviridae RNA-directed RNA polymerase (VP1), which lacks the highly conserved Gly-Asp-Asp (GDD) sequence, a component of the proposed catalytic site of this enzyme family that exists in the conserved motif VI of the palm domain of other RNA-directed RNA polymerases.[3] The large RNA segment, segment A, of birnaviruses codes for a polyprotein (N-VP2-VP4-VP3-C) [4] that is processed into the major structural proteins of the virion: VP2, VP3 (a minor structural component of the virus), and into the putative protease VP4.[4] VP4 protein is involved in generating VP2 and VP3.[4] recombinant VP3 is more immunogenic than recombinant VP2.[5] Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), a birnavirus, is an important pathogen in fish farms. Analyses of viral proteins showed that VP2 is the major structural and immunogenic polypeptide of the virus.[6][7] All neutralizing monoclonal antibodies are specific to VP2 and bind to continuous or discontinuous ...
Temporal variation in abundance of larvae and spat of the pearl oyster Pinctada imbricata was studied from May 1997 to June 1998 by sampling with bongo nets and harvesting spat from collectors at monthly intervals. Abundances of predators (Cymatium Gastropoda and portunid, xanthid and majiid crabs) were also recorded. A relationship between salinity, particulate organic matter and larvae abundance was observed leading to peaks in abundance of spat on collectors some weeks later. Average catch rates of 10 spat month-1 collector-1, using collectors made of cheap easy accessible materials, indicate that availability of P. imbricata is sufficient to initiate and support aquaculture of this species. Growth and mortality rates of juveniles in three different culture systems at two densities (i.e. 20% and 30%) showed that density within the same culture system had no effect on growth, but that growth differed significantly among the three culture systems. Growth in bag systems was lower than in boxes ...
Cleavage sites.Two IPNV VP4 cleavage sites, located at the pVP2-VP4 and VP4-VP3 junctions, were identified by N-terminal sequence analysis of cleavage products produced in E. coli and probed by site-directed mutagenesis. They are characterized by the Ser-X-Ala↓Ser-Gly motif. Two other additional cleavage sites in the carboxyl part of pVP2 (P1 and P′1 positions 486 and 487 and positions 495 and 496) were first identified by sequence comparison (Fig. 10). The P1 and the P′2 residues appeared to be conserved as an alanine and a glycine, respectively. The P3 serine residue can substitute to a threonine (cleavage site positions 486 and 487), whereas the P′1 serine residue was notably substituted to an alanine. The cleavage between pVP2 and VP4 was abolished only when the Ala-Ser 508-509 and the two Ala-Ala 495-496 and 486-487 pairs were mutated together. These observations do not prove definitively the existence (and the functionality) of these two additional cleavage sites. However, these ...
Abstract. This Special Issue Book, "Marine Bioactive Peptides: Structure, Function, andTherapeutic Potential"" includes up-to-date information regarding bioactivepeptides isolated from marine organisms. Marine peptides have been found invarious phyla, and their numbers have grown in recent years. These peptidesare diverse in structure and possess broad-spectrum activities that have greatpotential for medical applications. Various marine peptides are evolutionaryancient molecular factors of innate immunity that play a key role in host defense.A plethora of biological activities, including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral,anticancer, anticoagulant, endotoxin-binding, immune-modulating, etc., makemarine peptides an attractive molecular basis for drug design. This Special IssueBook presents new results in the isolation, structural elucidation, functionalcharacterization, and therapeutic potential evaluation of peptides found inmarine organisms. Chemical synthesis and biotechnological production ...
http://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/aquaculture-market/request. Various marine water aquaculture methods comprise intensive aquaculture, sea ranching, and rack & line cultivation. These are preferred over others based on the kinds of shellfishes or fishes raised. The products aquaculture market is sliced on account of carps, mackerels, crustaceans, salmons, mollusks, sea brass, and sea breams. Carps are a dominating product in the market.. All the products are rich, either in minerals, proteins, or vitamins. They are good for health and preferred because of their advantages. China is the dominating market and projected to undergo swift growth in the years ahead. Asia Pacific (not including China) is the second biggest market. Its aquaculture demand will increase due to technological advancements in the region.. Key players in worldwide aquaculture market consist of Blue Ridge Aquaculture, Tassal Group Ltd., Cooke Aquaculture Inc., Cermaq ASA, and Nireus Aquaculture S.A.. View more ...
Define Blood worm. Blood worm synonyms, Blood worm pronunciation, Blood worm translation, English dictionary definition of Blood worm. n. 1. Any of various marine polychaete worms of the genus Glycera, having bright red bodies and often used for bait. 2. Any of various freshwater larvae of...
When Amellia Formby decided to pursue a career in Zoology, she was seven years old. She had no idea this would one day lead her to pursuing a 12,500 kilometre flight from Australia to Siberia in a microlight aircraft.. But this is what the UWA School of Biological Sciences Technician is currently training for in a bid to promote urgent action to save shorebird habitat along the East Asian-Australasian Flyway. Amellia always knew she had a love for animals, but was never one of those kids who dreamt of being a pilot.. ...
Villaviciosa: Port town, Asturias provincia (province) and comunidad autónoma (autonomous community), northwestern Spain, in the Costa Verde resort area. The town is a fishing port northeast...
A FAMILY OF STANDING STONES in a sculpture park at A Coruña in northwestern Spain was created by sculptor Manolo Paz. This past June, Richard Edwards of Plainville photographed the granite menhirs, meant to represent two adults and several children. The sculpture stands at the edge of the park,...
The sea urchin Echinometra mathaei exists in high densities on intertidal rock platforms at Rottnest Island, Western Australia. In terms of both numbers and biomass, it is the ...
The content of the unit is divided into several major themes: (1) Membrane transport and electrical phenomena in cells-this is concerned with the physical rules and the molecular mechanisms that govern the movement of salts, solutes and water across cell membranes, how these are linked to cell volume and membrane voltages and how they are coupled in tissues to achieve secretion and absorption that is fundamental to the operation of many organ systems; (2) Electrical and chemical communication between cells, including how nerve cells transmit rapid electrical and chemical signals for information processing in the nervous system, and slow chemical signalling pathways; (3) The cellular basis of sensation and how sensory stimuli are detected by specialised cells and converted into electrical signals for use by the nervous system. This section includes a consideration of the chemo-electrical interactions that occur between cells in early stages of sensory pathways; and (4) Generation of mechanical ...
Tori Brophy ,sibley at genetics.washington.edu, wrote: ,pmsmith at uniwa.uwa.edu.au (Penny Smith) wrote: ,,I am using Hybond-N+ for Northern blots and have used the Amersham ,,protocol for stripping them (ie pour on boiling 0.5% SDS and allow to cool ,,to room temp.). This strips the blots but also seems to strip off the RNA ,,as well. Does anyone have any suggestions. ,, ,,Penny Smith ,,Botany Dept. ,,University of Western Australia ,,pmsmith at uniwa.uwa.edu.au We have used hot (bring to bubbly in microwave, then remove) 1% glyerol plus 0.1% SDS. Just leave it there for 2 min, then wash the blot as usual (1X SSC, 0.1% or whatever you use). Check to see that the signal is truly removed by exposing O/N. This method is quite gentle and very effective. It can even remove some dots and spots ...
Information on how brewers can purchase the Grow Master TV-2000 Nano Filtration system for hydroponics, greenhouses, gardens, organic farms and more.
13. The One After the Super Bowl: Part 2 1995 TV-14 SuperHD Play Queue Series Netflix Page Rachel and Monica compete for the affections of Jean-Claude Van Damme. Ross and Marcel go on a tour of the city. Second of a two-part episode. 22 minutes Jan 01, 2015 ...
Ella gave Olivia the 8 ball which shows up again in 3.12 Concentrate and ask again. 8 is also Olivias number. Sam knew shes size 8, it shows up throughout S2. In Earthling there is a door number 8 right by her head, In Snakehead when they leave Matts house, the number is 4488, in Jacksonville the building number is 2280, in White Tulip Walter holds two molds together which form an 8 as Olivia sits there with him, in 6B the number on the police car was 4738. I played around with it came up with this: 4 +7= 11, 3+8= 11, 8-3= 5, 7-4= 3, 5+3= 8 which is Olivias number. 8 also stands for infinity. 11+11=22 which is the strongest number. 22 shows up in 3.15 Subject 13. Olivia sits at the table when she sees Peter for the first time and 22 is right behind her ...
According to Seafood Watch, nearly all wild caught Yellowtail, primarily in U.S. waters, is a Good Alternative while farmed Yellowtail from Japan and Australia is an Avoid. As about 75% of all Yellowtail is farmed, that can be a significant issue. One of the most serious complaints about the farmed Yellowtail is the high FIFO ratio. On the other hand, Kampachi, another type of Yellowtail, is farmed in the waters of Hawaii and is considered by many to be a more sustainable choice. There is now a new producer in the waters, seeking to create a sustainable Yellowtail farm in the pristine ocean off the coast of Baja, in Mexico ...
Define porpoised. porpoised synonyms, porpoised pronunciation, porpoised translation, English dictionary definition of porpoised. n. pl. porpoise or por·pois·es 1. Any of various marine toothed whales of the genus Phocoena and related genera, characteristically having a blunt snout and...
Severe storms or road conditions which create safety hazards may make it necessary to cancel classes and other scheduled school activities. Information regarding school cancellation may be obtained through the Lexington R-V School District Web Site. Students may also sign up for the district Text Alert Program. The following radio and TV stations will be notified and they will broadcast news about Lexington R-V School District closings: RADIO: KMZU (Carrollton) 100/7FM/1430AM, KMMO (Marshall) 102.9FM/1300AM and on KKWK/KMRN (Cameron) 100.1FM/1360AM, Kansas City Radio Stations KSRC 102.1FM, WDAF 610AM, KCUR 89.3FM, KBEQ 104.3FM, KMXV 93.3FM, KFKF 94.1FM, KFME 105.1FM, KMBZ 980AM and the following Kansas City TV stations: WDAF TV-4, KCTV TV-5, KMBC TV-9, KSNF TV-41. ...
Stratigraphic patterns indicate that the Hercynian orogenic belt of northwestern Spain underwent an important reorganization in the latest Carboniferous Period. The passive margin of the Cantabrian foreland basin, initially far removed from southwestern mountains, was the early site of a major carbonate platform. This distant margin, however, experienced a late phase of deformation directed from the north. Limestones of the passive platform then became the thrust-faulted source area for three successive fan deltas, which prograded across the remaining carbonate shelf. The fan deltas are comprised of conglomerates and coarse sandstones of several areally restricted Upper Carboniferous formations. Their distribution identifies a local subbasin in the Picos de Europa Province, and paleocurrent data confirm a new northern source of sediment.. These coarse-grained deposits are interpreted to have formed in direct response to tectonic uplift along a nearby thrust-fault system. The stratigraphic ...
Brussels, 18 January 2002 (RFE/RL) -- The European Commission today expressed concern over the fate of independent broadcasting in Russia. Gunnar Wiegand, the European Commissions spokesman for ...
Note: When you launch these files with ApE the window should resemble the image at right. If you arent seeing the little blocks of color, youve somehow lost the annotations in the file. Do a right click on the file links and directly launch the files in ApE rather than a text-only editor. Open up pBACr899 in your editor. Predict what the product of PCR with oligos ca1110F and ca899R would be. Look for EcoRI/BamHI/BglII/XhoI restriction sites in that PCR product. Notice anything wrong? There is a single BglII site in the sequence. It must be removed, or the future use of BglII during assembly would result in internal cleavage of the part. This construction file will result in a basic part without the internal BglII site. The construction file is telling you to perform 2 separate PCR reactions with the ca### oligos using pBACr899 as template. The names of those PCR products are "A" and "B". Oligos ca1111F and ca1111R will not match the template exactly, so youll need to use the tricks described ...
Note: When you launch these files with ApE the window should resemble the image at right. If you arent seeing the little blocks of color, youve somehow lost the annotations in the file. Do a right click on the file links and directly launch the files in ApE rather than a text-only editor. Open up pBACr899 in your editor. Predict what the product of PCR with oligos ca1110F and ca899R would be. Look for EcoRI/BamHI/BglII/XhoI restriction sites in that PCR product. Notice anything wrong? There is a single BglII site in the sequence. It must be removed, or the future use of BglII during assembly would result in internal cleavage of the part. This construction file will result in a basic part without the internal BglII site. The construction file is telling you to perform 2 separate PCR reactions with the ca### oligos using pBACr899 as template. The names of those PCR products are "A" and "B". Oligos ca1111F and ca1111R will not match the template exactly, so youll need to use the tricks described ...
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) is the aetiological agent of an important disease in hatchery-reared salmonid fish in North America, Europe and Japan. It belongs to the family Birnaviridae and shows a high degree of antigenic heterogeneity. However, genomic variations between the 10 identified serotypes have not yet been studied. In order to correlate genomic heterogeneity with the different serotypes, oligonucleotides were synthesized according to the published sequence of the Jasper strain (serotype A9). They were used as primers for the amplification of a 359 bp cDNA fragment of the viral genome using the polymerase chain reaction. Fragments amplified from 37 strains were digested with five different restriction enzymes. Restriction fragment profiles obtained on agarose gels showed heterogeneity not only between strains of different serotypes, but also among those belonging to serotype A1. A cluster analysis of the restriction patterns showed that IPNV strains can be divided into three
A total of 716 flatfish species belonging to 123 genera and about 11 families have been reported worldwide (reviewed by Munroe 2005). In the Northeast Atlantic area, there exist a total of 11 relevant species for fisheries belonging to the teleost order Pleuronectiformes. This includes Pleuronectidae, such as North Sea plaice (Pleuronectes platessa), Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) and winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus), Soleidae, such as the common sole (Solea solea) and Senegalese sole (S. senegalensis), and Bothidae, such as turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), brill (Scophthalmus rhombus) and megrim (Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis). In 1998, the number of flatfish landings in the Atlantic region reached 104,671 metric tons (MT) for plaice, 31,194 MT for common sole and 5,431 MT for turbot (Millner et al. 2005). However, due to their economic importance, increased fishing pressure has resulted in a drastic drop of flatfish landings with some difficulties to meet the current ...
In 1998, during a toxicological surveillance of various marine fouling organisms in Hiroshima Bay, Japan, specimens of the ribbon worm, Cephalothrix simula (Nemertea: Palaeonemertea) were found. These ribbon worms contained toxins with extremely strong paralytic activity. The maximum toxicity in terms of tetrodotoxin (TTX) was 25,590 mouse units (MU) per gram for the whole worm throughout the monitoring period. The main toxic component was isolated and recrystallized from an acidified methanolic solution. The crystalline with a specific toxicity of 3520 MU/mg was obtained and identified as TTX by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-fluorescent detection (FLD) (HPLC-FLD), electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), infrared (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The highest toxicity of C. simula exceeded the human lethal dose per a single worm. A toxicological surveillance of C. simula from 1998 to 2005 indicated approximately 80% of the
This work has been developed in the context of a region with a recent industry of seaweeds for human consumption. It is well known that algae are one of the organisms containing the highest concentrations of iodine (I), an essential trace element for humans. Nevertheless there is still a lack of information about the nature of the iodinated compounds present in algae and on their bioavailability. The main objectives of this PhD thesis were to study in depth the I content from edible seaweeds harvested in Galicia (northwestern Spain), the chemical nature of the iodinated species and its bioavailability in human beings ...
A funny thing happened during an electroshock study of northern snakehead fish that live in the upper tidal Potomac River and its tributaries. It turned out that the largemouth bass outnumbered the dreaded Chinese invaders by at least 100 to 1.
There are 344 words containing A, 3L, T and Y: ACETYLSALICYLIC AETIOLOGICALLY AGRICULTURALLY ... VOLUMETRICALLY YELLOWTAIL YELLOWTAILS. Every word on this site is valid scrabble words. Build other lists, that begin with or end with letters of your choice.
According to new research, Parabens, a form of preservative widely used in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products, have begun showing up in the tissues of various marine mammal species, including dolphins, sea otters and polar bears. The preservative is found in shampoos, commercial moisturisers, shaving gels, personal lubricants, topical/parenteral pharmaceuticals, spray tanning solution, makeup, and toothpaste and is used to prevent bacterial growth…
Wild horses are round up by villagers on the hills of Sabucedo, some 40 kilometres from Santiago de Compostela, northwestern Spain, during the 400-year-old horse festival called Rapa das bestas (Shearing of the Beasts). Hundreds of wild horses were rounded up from the mountains in the eve day...
Snakehead rhabdovirus stored in cell culture medium was found to be relatively temperature resistant with ≥ 99.9% reduction in infectivity only occurring after 6 months at 15°C, 6 weeks at 25°C and 10 days at 35°C. At 25°C, virus stability was greatest in the range pH 5-7. Infectivity was less well retained at pH9 and rapidly lost at pH3 and pH11. Stability was poor in serum-free media with a 99.9% reduction in infectivity occurring in less than 48 hours at 25°C in de-ionized water, tap water, balanced salt solutions and artificial seawater. ...
Bayboats, 2010-2011, Yellowtail VAL Color Boat Gel Coat Gallon - Spectrum Color - Since 1998, iboats is the most trusted water lifestyle online store for boat parts and accessories, boats for sale, and forums. Enjoy great priced products with fast shipping.
This site is moderated by Ilya Tëmkin on behalf of the contributors who retain copyright. Content can be used in accordance with a CC License.. ...
This site is moderated by Ilya Tëmkin on behalf of the contributors who retain copyright. Content can be used in accordance with a CC License.. ...
PROPAGATION OF INFECTIOUS PANCREATIC NECROSIS VIRUS IN FISH CELL CULTURES. M. Maistrenko1, Yu. Rud2, L. Buchatsky1,2. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. 1Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, 60, Volodymyrska str., 01033, Kyiv, Ukraine. 2Institute of Fisheries of NAAS, 135, Obukhivska str., 03164, Kyiv, Ukraine. The reproduction of the Ukrainian isolate of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) «Carpathians» in fish continuous cell cultures of RTG-2, FHM and EPC was investigated. All three cell lines were sensitive to virus. IPNV caused morphological changes, such as vacuole enlargements and cells rounding. Subsequently cells scaled from a surface and characteristic cytopathic effect (CPE) of virus on cells was visible. For cell lines of RTG-2 and FHM the complete destruction of monolayer was noted on 7-8 day after infection (d.a.i.). For culture of EPC characteristic CPE and complete destruction of cell monolayer were marked ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Antigenicity of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus VP2 subviral particles expressed in yeast. AU - Allnutt, F. C.Thomas. AU - Bowers, Robert M.. AU - Rowe, Christopher G.. AU - Vakharia, Vikram N.. AU - LaPatra, Scott E.. AU - Dhar, Arun K.. PY - 2007/6/21. Y1 - 2007/6/21. N2 - Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) virus, the etiologic agent of infectious pancreatic necrosis in salmonid fish, causes significant losses to the aquaculture industry. The gene for the viral capsid protein (VP2) was cloned into a yeast expression vector and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisae. Expression of the capsid gene in yeast resulted in formation of ∼20 nm subviral particles composed solely of VP2 protein. Anti-IPNV antibodies were detected in rainbow trout vaccinated either by injection of purified VP2-subviral particles (rVP2-SVP) or by feeding recombinant yeast expressing rVP2-SVP. Challenge of rVP2-SVP immunized trout with a heterologous IPNV strain and subsequent viral load ...
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) is an aquatic member of the Birnaviridae family that causes widespread disease in salmonids. IPNV is represented by multiple strains with markedly different virulence. Comparison of isolates reveals hyper variable regions (HVR), which are presumably associated with pathogenicity. However little is known about the rates and modes of sequence divergence and molecular mechanisms that determine virulence. Also how the host response may influence IPNV virulence is poorly described. In this study we compared two field isolates of IPNV (NFH-Ar and NFH-El). The sequence changes, replication and mortality were assessed following experimental challenge of Atlantic salmon. Gene expression analyses with qPCR and microarray were applied to examine the immune responses in head kidney. Significant differences in mortality were observed between the two isolates, and viral load in the pancreas at 13 days post infection (d p.i.) was more than 4 orders of magnitude ...
Chairman. Eugene McCague BCL DipEL. The President. Andrew J. Deeks BE (UWA) MEngSc (UWA) PhD (UWA) FIEAust. Senior Academic Officer. Mark Rogers BA (Dubl) PhD (Glasgow), Deputy President, Vice-President for Academic Affairs and Registrar. Elected by the Professorial Staff. Alan Baird BSc (Glasgow) PhD (Lond), UCD School of Veterinary Medicine. Joe Carthy BSc PhD, Principal, UCD College of Science. Orla Feely BE MS (Calif) PhD (Calif), Vice-President for Research, Innovation and Impact. Pat Guiry BSc PhD MRIA, Director, UCD Centre for Synthesis and Chemical Biology. Imelda Maher BCL LLM (Temple) BL (Kings Inns) MRIA, UCD School of Law. Dermot Moran BA MA (Yale) MPhil (Yale) PhD (Yale) DLitt (NUI) MRIA, UCD School of Philosophy. Elected by the Non-Professorial Academic Staff. Joseph Brady MA PhD, UCD School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Policy. Marie Clarke MA PhD HDip in Ed, UCD School of Education. John Dunnion MSc, UCD School of Computer Science and Informatics. Russell Higgs BA ...
Amines, aminooxy (also known as oxylamine), hydrazide, azide, alkyne, BCN, and tyramide reactive dyes, as well as dye free acids, are generally stable in aqueous solution when stored at -20°C for 6-12 months or longer, as long as no compounds are present that may react with the dyes functional group. See the product information sheets for specific reactive dyes more information.. Coelenterazines and D-luciferin. Coelenterazines are stable in solid form when stored as recommended; they are not stable in aqueous solution. Concentrated coelenterazine stock solutions (typically 1-100 mg/mL) should be prepared in ethanol or methanol; do not use DMSO or DMF to dissolve coelenterazines, because these solvents will oxidize the compounds. Ethanol or methanol stocks of coelenterazine can be stored at -20°C or below for six months or longer; alcohol stocks may evaporate during storage, so use tightly sealing screw cap vials and wrap the vials with Parafilm for long term storage. Propylene glycol also ...
In ,ralph.1146355927D at news.arizona.edu,, ralph at ccit.arizona.edu (Ralph M Bernstein) writes: ,chan wrote: , ,,In article ,3kolh2$b8k at styx.uwa.edu.au, Alec Redwood, ,,aredwood at uniwa.uwa.edu.au writes: ,,,: Can anyone tell me about TH3 cells and/or direct me to an article. ,, ,, ,,These cells were coined by those working in EAE model. They found high ,,TGFb producers when fed MBF orally. The cells did not fit into neat TH1 ,,or TH2 so they coined the term. I think this is bunk. There is no clear ,,Th1 or Th2 anyway. These cells are far more versatile than those in , ^^^^^^^^^^ , ,,Huh?!? , ,,CD4+ TH1 cells have decidedly different cytokine production than CD4+TH2 ,,cells. There is evidence that one cell type can downregulate the other ,,cell type (or phenotype, if you think they are the same cell). However, ,,its interesting to note that Fas Ligand-mediated cytoxicity/apoptosis is ,,mediated by TH1 CD4+ cells and not the TH2 CD4+ cells (This doesnt ,,exclude the CD8+ cells from ...
Answer 1 of 31: Id heard a rumour about a price increase. I went into UWA and they said, this should not happen as there is a tri-partite agreement on the cost which is levied as you know, at $500. I referred someone to the Rwandan office here, on another...
Płomienna, tropikalna mieszanka czerwieni i pomarańczy w ognistych total lookach opanowała wybiegi Balmain, Aalto, Acne, Gucci, Max Mara, Mulberry, Emilio Pucci czy Sportmax, zaś słodką Green Lily uważa się za stonowaną siostrę wybuchowej, odświeżającej zieleni, której nie brakowało na wybiegach Alessandro Michele, Michaela Korsa, Pucci, Etro, Acne czy Lacoste. Modowy colour banker wiosny 2017? Instytut…
Thinking about what has changed since the 1980s when although IPNV could be found in fish the actual disease condition was very rare. Over the last 2 decades considerable advances have been made in feed and feeding strategies, photoperiod manipulation and light exposure per se for salmon fry have produced smolting fish at different times of the year and much faster (I hesitate to say better) growth. In land-based freshwater rearing systems with the introduction of oxygen injection the stocking density has increased significantly in a number of farms; along with baseline carbon dioxide levels. So it could be argued that salmon in the 21st century are more highly "stressed" than their counterpart from the 20th Century. A bit like finely tuned athletes walking a fine line between health and disease susceptibility. Elite human athletes often fall prey to opportunistic and exotic pathogens such as colds and Epstein-Barr virus, the cause of Infectious mononucleosis or alternatively known as the ...
Firdaus-e-Bareen & Uwe Braun. Mycofalcella iqbalii, a new aquatic hyphomycete, and a discussion about the generic concept of Anguillospora and similar genera. Mycotaxon 102: 355-363. 2007.. ABSTRACT: A new aquatic hyphomycete, Mycofalcella iqbalii, is described and illustrated from canal water in Pakistan. The conidia have been detected in water throughout the year, but sporulation on randomly collected leaves more commonly occurred between August and December. The generic affinity of the new species is debated in the context of a general discussion about the generic concepts of the complex of hyphomycetes resembling Anguillospora, Anguillosporella, Mycofalcella, and aquatic species of Mycocentrospora. It is proposed to confine Anguillospora to species with unilocal conidiogenous cells and rhexolytic conidial secession, and to widen the concept of Pseudoanguillospora to include taxa with unilocal, determinate or percurrent to multilocal, sympodial conidiogenous cells and schizolytic conidial ...
In one embodiment, a neck bridge for bridging the neck of an aneurysm includes a junction region, a number of radially extending array elements attached to the junction region, and a cover attached to one or both of the junction region and an array element. The array elements are configured to be positioned within the aneurysm after the neck bridge is deployed from a delivery device. In a second embodiment, the neck bridge includes a junction region and a braided or mesh-like structure secured to the junction region. The braided or mesh-like structure is made from an elastic material.
The new approach, known as cognitive bias modification (CBM), has been developed by researchers involved in a world-leading study at The University of Western Australia.. Led by Winthrop Professor Colin MacLeod, from UWAs Elizabeth Rutherford Memorial Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion (CARE), the team has already published studies that show how CBM works for anxiety and addictions.. The treatment works by altering automatic and unconscious biases in the way people selectively process emotional information, using simple computer programs and smart phone applications. It can be effective after only a few 15-minute sessions and does not use drug or counselling therapy. All it requires is to sit in front of a computer or use a smartphone app and access a program that subtly alters harmful thought patterns.. CARE researchers are now working with the Australian Bushfire Cooperative Research Centre to evaluate whether CBM can be used to improve the emotional and behavioural ...
Associate Professor Pavlos completed his undergraduate and PhD studies in bone cell biology at UWA. In 2007, he was awarded a NHMRC CJ Martin (Biomedical) Overseas Research Fellowship and carried out his postdoctoral training at the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Biophysical Chemistry, Germany, from 2007-2009 with Professor Reinhard Jahn, where he worked on the molecular regulation of synaptic vesicle exo-endocytosis in neurons. In 2010, A/Professor Pavlos returned to UWA to form his own laboratory within the Centre for Orthopaedic Research ...
To remove the head and tail of fish in possession while at the fishing location, except for snakeheads. The head and tail shall remain attached in such a manner as to permit identification of fish species and total length. A person may take snakehead fish from Maryland waters by any legal means provided that the head of the snakehead fish is immediately removed, or the body is gutted, or the gills are removed from both sides of the fish, or the fish is filleted upon capture ...
The Walls of Delhi. by Uday Prakash. translated by Jason Grunebaum. UWA Publishing. ISBN 9781742583921. Reviewed by PAUL GIFFARD-FORET. Global India and the Dialectic of the Ornament / Excrement:. "Light on exoticism, heavy on reality" and "India for Indians, not India for/in the West". It is in those terms that Uday Prakash was introduced to the audience at a talk session I attended at the last Melbourne Writers Festival in August 2012. Translated from Hindi, The Walls of Delhi is a collection of short stories speaking directly from the Indian subcontinent with a rawness that can easily be conflated with a desire for the "authentic." Yet Prakash is not Spivaks "native informant", more like Edward Saids conception of the intellectual/writer speaking the truth to power.[i] In India, Prakash has been a controversial - at times persecuted - writer for daring to challenge the caste system and those he calls "power centres". Although Prakash has resided most of his life in India, he considers ...
Hey! Im studying for one (maybe two) semesters at UWA and am currently looking for somewhere to live. Being Swedish and used to cold weather Id preferably take advantage of living in sunny Perth and live close to the beach rather than the city, but really anywhere in between Perth City and Fremantle would be great.. or if you have other suggestions Im open for that too. Among many things I like hanging out watching tv-series, going out, food (both cooking and eating;)) and exercising, but right now Im just excited to meet new people and explore Perth and everything WA has to offer. Im an easy person to live with and take care of the place Im staying at. Let me know if you have any suggestions or want to know more about me! ...
Clinical lecturer UWA, Lundbeck teaching fellow ... as: alogia, avolition, anhedonia, attentional impairment, affective bluntening) ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: f0fd1-ZDYxY
Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is an acute, contagious disease of trout fry and fingerlings caused by viruses of the family birnaviridae. IPN disease usually results in mortality that is inversely proportional to the age of the fish. While many studies have been carried out to increase our understanding of IPN, little is known about its virulence characteristics for some subtypes common to the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Knowledge of relationships between IPN virus subtypes, epitope patterns and virulence patterns could be useful for developing a successful IPNV vaccine. This study investigated virulence characteristics of IPN viruses in brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis, fry, using fish mortality, virus titer in fish tissue, and the presence of clinical signs of IPN as indicators of virulence. The relationship between virulence and different IPN virus subtypes, and specific epitopes, or monoclonal antibody binding sites, was also addressed. An additional study focused ...
Didymosphenia geminata (D. geminata) in Chilean rivers is a complex problem. Its biology and effects on ecosystems is still being studied, at the moment not research has focused on its D. geminata effects at the cellular level. We developed an artificial river system to maintain D. geminata study material and evaluate effects of water contaminated with this diatom on the viability of two fish cell lines. Results indicate that CHSE-214 cells are sensitive to increasing D. geminata extract concentrations, reducing crop viability by 50% when exposed for 24 hours at a 0.01V/V dilution and reducing proliferative capacity by 70% on a 5 day temporal curve. SHK-1 cells showed lower sensitivity, presenting a decrease of 20% in viability at 24 hours, and a lower cell proliferation rate by day 5, but higher than of the CHSE-214 cells. Both lines were affected by exposure to D. geminata extracts, but CHSE-214 lines were more sensitive to polyphenols extracted from the microalgae. We conclude that certain cell types
In one embodiment, a neck bridge for bridging the neck of an aneurysm includes a junction region, a number of radially extending array elements attached to the junction region, and a cover attached to one or both of the junction region and an array element. The array elements are configured to be positioned within the aneurysm after the neck bridge is deployed from a delivery device. In a second embodiment, the neck bridge includes a junction region and a braided or mesh-like structure secured to the junction region. The braided or mesh-like structure is made from an elastic material.
The natural environment in which unborn children live is constantly under threat by national and international governments, organisations and individuals. The womb, together with the fallopian tubes during the first 5 or 6 days of life, is the natural habitat of the unborn, yet the womb has become one of the most dangerous environments on earth for children to inhabit since the unborn often have little or no legal protection. To live in an environment where little or no legal protection exists for the smallest and most vulnerable human lives is a situation we must all take responsibility for. In Britain alone such environmental degradation destroys 3,500 children by surgical abortion every single week and over six million eight hundred thousand (6,800,000) children have been killed by surgical abortions since the 1967 Abortion Act.. Polluting the natural environment of the unborn, especially the environment of embryonic children, is often the first assault on early human life and often in the ...
Aquabirnavirus. Icosahedral. T=13. Non-enveloped. Linear. Segmented Blosnavirus. Icosahedral. T=13. Non-enveloped. Linear. ... Aquabirnavirus. Salmonid fish. None. Cell receptor endocytosis. Budding. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm. Contact Blosnavirus. Blotched ...
Genus Aquabirnavirus. *Genus Avibirnavirus. *Genus Blosnavirus. *Genus Entomobirnavirus. *Familie Chrysoviridae. *Genus ...
The next genus is Aquabirnavirus, containing infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV). The last genus is Avibirnavirus, ...
Aquabirnavirus Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus Tellina virus Yellowtail ascites virus Genus: Avibirnavirus Infectious ...
... aquabirnavirus MeSH B04.820.075.050.430 --- infectious pancreatic necrosis virus MeSH B04.820.075.060 --- avibirnavirus MeSH ... aquabirnavirus MeSH B04.909.777.123.050.430 --- infectious pancreatic necrosis virus MeSH B04.909.777.123.060 --- avibirnavirus ...
Amdoparvovirus Ampelovirus Ampullavirus Andromedalikevirus Anulavirus Aparavirus Aphthovirus Apscaviroid Aquabirnavirus ...
... is a genus of viruses, in the family Birnaviridae. Salmonid fish serve as natural hosts. There are currently ... Group: dsRNA Order: Unassigned Family: Birnaviridae Genus: Aquabirnavirus Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus Tellina virus ... Yellowtail ascites virus Viruses in Aquabirnavirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Single-shelled geometries, and T=13 ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
Aquabirnavirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Birnaviridae. Salmonid fish serve as natural hosts. There are currently ... Group: dsRNA Order: Unassigned Family: Birnaviridae Genus: Aquabirnavirus Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus Tellina virus ... Yellowtail ascites virus Viruses in Aquabirnavirus are non-enveloped, with icosahedral and Single-shelled geometries, and T=13 ...
Aquabirnavirus. Icosahedral. T=13. Non-enveloped. Linear. Segmented Blosnavirus. Icosahedral. T=13. Non-enveloped. Linear. ... Aquabirnavirus. Salmonid fish. None. Cell receptor endocytosis. Budding. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm. Contact Blosnavirus. Blotched ...
Genus Aquabirnavirus. *Genus Avibirnavirus. *Genus Blosnavirus. *Genus Entomobirnavirus. *Familie Chrysoviridae. *Genus ...
Aquabirnavirus. Genus. Avibirnavirus. Genus. Blosnavirus. Genus. Entomobirnavirus. Family. Chrysoviridae. Genus. Chrysovirus. ...
The continuous growth of knowledege makes it very difficult for scientists to retrieve comprehensive and accurate data on viruses. The desired information is often dispersed in a variety of books, jou
Aquabirnavirus. infectious pancreatic necrosis virus. Vertebrates. Avibirnavirus. infectious bursal disease virus. Vertebrates ...
The next genus is Aquabirnavirus, containing infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV). The last genus is Avibirnavirus, ...
... er et robust nakent RNA-virus i slekten Aquabirnavirus, familien Birnaviridae. Utbredelse IPNV er alminnelig utbredt i ... Infeksiøst pankreasnekrose-virus (IPNV) er et robust nakent RNA-virus i slekten Aquabirnavirus, familien Birnaviridae. ...
Three commonly detected pathogenic viruses of European eel Anguilla anguilla are the aquabirnavirus eel virus European (EVE ...
Coulibaly F., Chevalier C., Delmas B. and Rey F.A. (2010). Crystal structure of an Aquabirnavirus particle: insights into ...
Crystal structure of an Aquabirnavirus particle: insights into antigenic diversity and virulence determinism. J Virol. Feb;84(4 ...
Aquabirnavirus, Alphavirus and Betanodavirus genera. The recent establishment of reverse genetics systems to recover infectious ... 3.1.3 Aquabirnavirus VP5 protein. The reverse genetics has also been used to investigate the potential role of VP5 on IPNV ... 2.2 Aquabirnavirus. Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a serious disease of salmonid and a number of other fish species ... Methods used for the recovery from plasmid cDNA of fish RNA viruses, belonging to the Aquabirnavirus, Novirhabdovirus, ...
Examples of infections involving bacteria and viruses include co-infection of Edwardsiella tarda with aquabirnavirus that led ... Experimental coinfection with aquabirnavirus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), Edwardsiella tarda or Streptococcus ...
Genus Aquabirnavirus (organism) {422827000 , SNOMED-CT } Parent/Child (Relationship Type) Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus ...
VP5 of infectious pancreatic necrosis aquabirnavirus starts at nucleotide 113 and not at nucleotide 68 [108]). A few unspliced ...
IPNV is an Aquabirnavirus the presence of which can be confirmed by isolation in tissue culture and identification by Enzyme ...
The high growth can be attributed to incidence of viral diseases because of presence of viruses such as aquabirnavirus, ... CAGR over during 2020-2026 owing to incidence of viral diseases because of presence of viruses such as aquabirnavirus, ...
Genus Aquabirnavirus (organism) {422827000 , SNOMED-CT } Other Relationships No other relationships present. ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
... genus Aquabirnavirus, which is a major viral pathogen of salmonid fish. The virus infects wild and cultured salmonids, causing ... genus Aquabirnavirus, which is a major viral pathogen of salmonid fish. The virus infects wild and cultured salmonids, causing ... genus Aquabirnavirus, which is a major viral pathogen of salmonid fish. The virus infects wild and cultured salmonids, causing ... genus Aquabirnavirus, which is a major viral pathogen of salmonid fish. The virus infects wild and cultured salmonids, causing ...
Pakingking R Jr, Mori K, Sugaya T, Oka M, Okinaka Y, Nakai T (2005) Aquabirnavirus-induced protection of marine fish against ... 19] demonstrated the negative effect of a non-lethal aquabirnavirus (ABV) on RGNNV replication in seven-band groupers ( ... Experimental coinfection with aquabirnavirus and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV), Edwardsiella tarda or Streptococcus ...
Crystal structure of an Aquabirnavirus particle: insights into antigenic diversity and virulence determinism. J Virol. 2010;84: ...
Genus Aquabirnavirus @ E C X a( ?? s ?? ). @ @ @ @ @Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus (IPNV) @ ` ????X 󎀏 @ @ @ @ @Yellowtail ...
blotched snakehead virus A probable species in the genus Aquabirnavirus found in a fish cell line. ...
  • Bergnebb kan bli smittet og representere en symptomfri bærer av IPNV, og kan trolig spre viruset (Gibson mfl. (imr.no)
  • 2008). En særlig høy IPNV prevalens ble observert i villaks samlet inn for bruk som stamfisk i Galicia (Spania), 39 % i 2004 og 51 % 2005 (Bandín & Dopazo 2006). (imr.no)
  • I Norge har en gjennomført IPNV-analyser av laks samlet som stamfisk for kultiveringsformål. (imr.no)
  • IPNV ble i denne perioden påvist i en laks. (imr.no)
  • IPNV is an Aquabirnavirus the presence of which can be confirmed by isolation in tissue culture and identification by Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbant Assay (ELISA), antibody neutralisation or Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). (thefishsite.com)
  • The most problematic viruses encountered in the field are mainly, but not exclusively, RNA viruses belonging to the Novirhabdovirus , Aquabirnavirus , Alphavirus and Betanodavirus genera. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Crystal structure of an Aquabirnavirus particle: insights into antigenic diversity and virulence determinism. (ae-info.org)