Apraxias: A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)Aphasia: A cognitive disorder marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or express language in its written or spoken form. This condition is caused by diseases which affect the language areas of the dominant hemisphere. Clinical features are used to classify the various subtypes of this condition. General categories include receptive, expressive, and mixed forms of aphasia.Apraxia, Ideomotor: A form of apraxia characterized by an acquired inability to carry out a complex motor activity despite the ability to mentally formulate the action. This condition has been attributed to a disruption of connections between the dominant parietal cortex and supplementary and premotor cortical regions in both hemispheres. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p57)Communication Disorders: Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.Gait Apraxia: Impaired ambulation not attributed to sensory impairment or motor weakness. FRONTAL LOBE disorders; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES (e.g., PARKINSONIAN DISORDERS); DEMENTIA, MULTI-INFARCT; ALZHEIMER DISEASE; and other conditions may be associated with gait apraxia.Speech Disorders: Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports biomedical research and research training on normal mechanisms as well as diseases and disorders of hearing, balance, smell, taste, voice, speech, and language. It was established in 1988.Aphasia, Primary Progressive: A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)Speech Therapy: Treatment for individuals with speech defects and disorders that involves counseling and use of various exercises and aids to help the development of new speech habits.Speech: Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Glycosides: Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Bryonia: A plant genus of the family CUCURBITACEAE that is the source of bryodin 1 (a ribosome-inactivating protein).Rhodiola: A plant genus of the family CRASSULACEAE. Members contain rhodioloside. This roseroot is unrelated to the familiar rose (ROSA). Some species in this genus are called stonecrop which is also a common name for SEDUM.Crassulaceae: The stonecrop plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that grow in warm, dry regions. The leaves are thick. The flower clusters are red, yellow, or white.Rare Diseases: A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.Orphan Drug Production: Production of drugs or biologicals which are unlikely to be manufactured by private industry unless special incentives are provided by others.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Syndrome: A characteristic symptom complex.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Bipolar Disorder: A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.Waiting Lists: Prospective patient listings for appointments or treatments.Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell: A group of disorders resulting from the abnormal proliferation of and tissue infiltration by LANGERHANS CELLS which can be detected by their characteristic Birbeck granules (X bodies), or by monoclonal antibody staining for their surface CD1 ANTIGENS. Langerhans-cell granulomatosis can involve a single organ, or can be a systemic disorder.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)EncyclopediasDictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Regional Medical Programs: Coordination of activities and programs among health care institutions within defined geographic areas for the purpose of improving delivery and quality of medical care to the patients. These programs are mandated under U.S. Public Law 89-239.Hospital Planning: Areawide planning for hospitals or planning of a particular hospital unit on the basis of projected consumer need. This does not include hospital design and construction or architectural plans.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Hospitals, District: Government-controlled hospitals which represent the major health facility for a designated geographic area.Hospitals, Municipal: Hospitals controlled by the city government.Aphasia, Broca: An aphasia characterized by impairment of expressive LANGUAGE (speech, writing, signs) and relative preservation of receptive language abilities (i.e., comprehension). This condition is caused by lesions of the motor association cortex in the FRONTAL LOBE (BROCA AREA and adjacent cortical and white matter regions).Primary Progressive Nonfluent Aphasia: A form of frontotemporal lobar degeneration and a progressive form of dementia characterized by motor speech impairment and AGRAMMATISM, with relative sparing of single word comprehension and semantic memory.Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Anomia: A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)Language Tests: Tests designed to assess language behavior and abilities. They include tests of vocabulary, comprehension, grammar and functional use of language, e.g., Development Sentence Scoring, Receptive-Expressive Emergent Language Scale, Parsons Language Sample, Utah Test of Language Development, Michigan Language Inventory and Verbal Language Development Scale, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Northwestern Syntax Screening Test, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Ammons Full-Range Picture Vocabulary Test, and Assessment of Children's Language Comprehension.Diagonal Band of Broca: Cholinergic bundle of nerve fibers posterior to the anterior perforated substance. It interconnects the paraterminal gyrus in the septal area with the hippocampus and lateral olfactory area.Speech Production Measurement: Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.Dysarthria: Disorders of speech articulation caused by imperfect coordination of pharynx, larynx, tongue, or face muscles. This may result from CRANIAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; CEREBELLAR DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; BRAIN STEM diseases; or diseases of the corticobulbar tracts (see PYRAMIDAL TRACTS). The cortical language centers are intact in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p489)Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Speech Intelligibility: Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.

Pure apraxic agraphia with abnormal writing stroke sequences: report of a Japanese patient with a left superior parietal haemorrhage. (1/188)

A 67 year old Japanese male patient had pure agraphia after a haemorrhage in the left superior parietal lobule. He developed difficulty in letter formation but showed no linguistic errors, consistent with the criteria of apraxic agraphia. He manifested a selective disorder of sequencing writing strokes, although he was able to orally state the correct sequences. The patient's complete recovery after 1 month, without new learning, showed that he had manifested a selective disorder of writing stroke sequences. These findings indicate that the final stage of the execution of writing according to acquired sequential memory shown as a stroke sequence can be selectively disturbed, and should be considered to be distinct from the ability of character imagery and the knowledge of the writing stroke sequence itself. This case also indicates that the left superior parietal lobule plays an important part in the execution of writing.  (+info)

Impaired dexterity of the ipsilateral hand after stroke and the relationship to cognitive deficit. (2/188)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous research has reported impaired hand function on the "unaffected" side after stroke, but its incidence, origins, and impact on rehabilitation remain unclear. This study investigated whether impairment of ipsilateral dexterity is common early after middle cerebral artery stroke and explored the relationship to cognitive deficit. METHODS: Thirty patients within 1 month of an infarct involving the parietal or posterior frontal lobe (15 left and 15 right hemisphere) used the ipsilateral hand in tests that simulated everyday hand functions. Performance was compared with that of healthy age-matched controls using the same hand. Standardized tests were used to assess apraxia, visuospatial ability, and aphasia. RESULTS: All patients were able to complete the dexterity tests, but video analysis showed that performance was slow and clumsy compared with that of controls (P<0.001). Impairment was most severe after left hemisphere damage, and apraxia was a strong correlate of increased dexterity errors (P<0.01), whereas reduced ipsilateral grip strength correlated with slowing (P<0.05). The pattern of performance was different for patients with right hemisphere damage. Here there was no correlation between grip strength and slowing, while dexterity errors appeared to be due to visuospatial problems. CONCLUSIONS: Subtle impairments in dexterity of the ipsilateral hand are common within 1 month of stroke. Ipsilateral sensorimotor losses may contribute to these impairments, but the major factor appears to be the presence of cognitive deficits affecting perception and control of action. The nature of these deficits varies with side of brain damage. The effect of impaired dexterity on functional outcome is not yet known.  (+info)

Spatial deficits in ideomotor limb apraxia. A kinematic analysis of aiming movements. (3/188)

Ideomotor limb apraxia is a classic neurological disorder manifesting as a breakdown in co-ordinated limb control with spatiotemporal deficits. We employed kinematic analyses of simple aiming movements in left hemisphere-damaged patients with and without limb apraxia and a normal control group to examine preprogramming and response implementation deficits in apraxia. Damage to the frontal and parietal lobes was more common in apraxics, but neither frontal nor parietal damage was associated with different arm movement deficits. Limb apraxia was associated with intact preprogramming but impaired response implementation. The response implementation deficits were characterized by spatial but not temporal deficits, consistent with decoupling of spatial and temporal features of movement in limb apraxia. While the apraxics' accuracy was normal when visual feedback was available, it was impaired when visual feedback of either target location or hand position was unavailable. This finding suggests that ideomotor limb apraxia is associated with disruption of the neural representations for the extrapersonal (spatial location) and intrapersonal (hand position) features of movement. The non-apraxic group's normal kinematic performance demonstrates that the deficits demonstrated in the apraxic group are not simply a reflection of left hemisphere damage per se.  (+info)

Dyspraxia in a patient with corticobasal degeneration: the role of visual and tactile inputs to action. (4/188)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the roles of visual and tactile information in a dyspraxic patient with corticobasal degeneration (CBD) who showed dramatic facilitation in miming the use of a tool or object when he was given a tool to manipulate; and to study the nature of the praxic and neuropsychological deficits in CBD. METHODS: The subject had clinically diagnosed CBD, and exhibited alien limb behaviour and striking ideomotor dyspraxia. General neuropsychological evaluation focused on constructional and visuospatial abilities, calculation, verbal fluency, episodic and semantic memory, plus spelling and writing because impairments in this domain were presenting complaints. Four experiments assessed the roles of visual and tactile information in the facilitation of motor performance by tools. Experiment 1 evaluated the patient's performance of six limb transitive actions under six conditions: (1) after he described the relevant tool from memory, (2) after he was shown a line drawing of the tool, (3) after he was shown a real exemplar of the tool, (4) after he watched the experimenter perform the action, (5) while he was holding the tool, and (6) immediately after he had performed the action with the tool but with the tool removed from his grasp. Experiment 2 evaluated the use of the same six tools when the patient had tactile but no visual information (while he was blindfolded). Experiments 3 and 4 assessed performance of actions appropriate to the same six tools when the patient had either neutral or inappropriate tactile feedback-that is, while he was holding a non-tool object or a different tool. RESULTS: Miming of tool use was not facilitated by visual input; moreover, lack of visual information in the blindfolded condition did not reduce performance. The principal positive finding was a dramatic facilitation of the patient's ability to demonstrate object use when he was holding either the appropriate tool or a neutral object. Tools inappropriate to the requested action produced involuntary performance of the stimulus relevant action. CONCLUSIONS: Tactile stimulation was paramount in the facilitation of motor performance in tool use by this patient with CBD. This outcome suggests that tactile information should be included in models which hypothesise modality specific inputs to the action production system. Significant impairments in spelling and letter production that have not previously been reported in CBD have also been documented.  (+info)

Perception of self-generated movement following left parietal lesion. (5/188)

Three apraxic patients with lesions in the left parietal cortex were required to execute finger movements with either hand, while the visual feedback they received about the movement was manipulated systematically. We used a device which allowed us to present on a video monitor either the patient's hand or the examiner's hand simultaneously performing an identical or a different movement. In each trial, patients were required to decide whether the hand shown on the screen was their own or not. Hand movements produced in response to verbal command included simple (single-finger extension) and complex gestures (multi-finger extension). Ownership judgements were analysed and compared with those produced by six normal controls and two non-apraxic neurological patients. Apraxic patients and controls accurately recognized their own hand on the screen (own movement condition) and correctly identified the viewed hand as the examiner's when it performed a movement different from their own movement (incongruent movement condition). However, when the viewed hand was the examiner's hand executing their own movement (congruent movement condition), apraxic patients were significantly more impaired than controls. When the results were analysed as a function of gesture type, the number of correct responses was significantly lower for apraxic patients with respect to controls only for complex gestures. Interestingly, when patients executed the finger gestures inaccurately, they still failed to recognize the examiner's hand as alien, and claimed that the correct movement presented on the screen was their own. These results confirm that parietal lesions alter the representational aspects of gestures, and suggest a failure in evaluating and comparing internal and external feedback about movement. We conclude that the parietal cortex plays an important role in generating and maintaining a kinaesthetic model of ongoing movements.  (+info)

Dark adaptation, motor skills, docosahexaenoic acid, and dyslexia. (6/188)

Dyslexia is a widespread condition characterized by difficulty with learning and movement skills. It is frequently comorbid with dyspraxia (developmental coordination disorder), the chief characteristic of which is impaired movement skills, indicating that there may be some common biological basis to the conditions. Visual and central processing deficits have been found. The long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are important components of retinal and brain membranes. In the preliminary studies reported here, dark adaptation was shown to be impaired in 10 dyslexic young adults when compared with a similar control group (P < 0.05, repeated-measures analysis of variance); dark adaptation improved in 5 dyslexia patients after supplementation with a docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich fish oil for 1 mo (P < 0.05, paired t test on final rod threshold); and movement skills in a group of 15 dyspraxic children improved after 4 mo of supplementation with a mixture of high-DHA fish oil, evening primrose oil, and thyme oil (P < 0.007 for manual dexterity, P < 0.02 for ball skills, and P < 0.03 for static and dynamic balance; paired t tests). The studies were small and had designs that did not allow firm conclusions to be made. However, when considered with other evidence from another closely related condition, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, for which reduced ability to elongate and desaturate the essential fatty acids linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid to arachidonic acid and DHA, respectively, has been proposed, the studies suggest that more research, including double-blind, placebo-controlled studies, would be useful to clarify the benefits of LCPUFAs in dyslexia and other closely related conditions.  (+info)

Portal systemic encephalopathy presenting with dressing and constructional apraxia. (7/188)

We report a case with portal systemic encephalopathy who presented with dressing and constructional apraxia and subtle weakness of the left hand. We initially suspected a cerebrovascular attack in the right cerebral hemisphere, but brain T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed high intensity in the basal ganglia and hyperammonemia was detected. We performed abdominal MR angiography, which visualized an intrahepatic portal systemic shunt. Cerebral blood flow, measured by xenon-enhanced computed tomography, was decreased in the bilateral, but more dominantly right-sided, parietal watershed regions. We speculate that these boundary territories might be susceptible to damage by toxic metabolites of hepatic encephalopathy.  (+info)

Worster-Drought syndrome, a mild tetraplegic perisylvian cerebral palsy. Review of 47 cases. (8/188)

A retrospective case-note analysis was undertaken of 47 children with a congenital upper motor neurone bulbar palsy (excluding pure speech dyspraxia) to clarify the phenotype of Worster-Drought syndrome (WDS) and to record its associated features and complications. The results revealed that the study children had significant bulbar problems (with 80% still needing a modified diet and a similar number using augmentative communication methods at last review). There were also high rates of predictable bulbar complications (86% had dribbling, 60% had glue ear, gastro-oesophageal reflux in 40%, history of poor nutrition in 40% and aspiration in 40%). Most of the children had additional complex impairments (91% had mild pyramidal tetraplegia, 81% learning difficulties, 60% congenital defects, 41% neuropsychiatric problems and 28% epilepsy). Over half of the children had significant medical problems in the first year, but mean age at diagnosis was 6 years. There were no obvious causes in pregnancy or birth. Six children had a family history of WDS and 32% (12/37) had abnormal neuroimaging including five with bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria. In our experience, WDS is not uncommon, is relatively easily diagnosed and is crucial not to miss as the management of these children's multiple impairments is complex and requires a careful team approach. WDS falls clearly within the cerebral palsies as a syndrome that includes motor impairment arising from static damage to the brain in early life. The common presence of cognitive, behavioural and seizure impairments strongly supports the cerebral cortical (presumably perisylvian) localization. Its core elements are a suprabulbar paresis, a mild spastic tetraplegia and a significant excess of cognitive and behavioural impairments and epilepsy. The complete overlap in phenotype between WDS and the bilateral perisylvian syndrome leads us to propose that they are the same condition. WDS is startlingly absent from epidemiological studies of the cerebral palsies and rarely diagnosed, presumably because of lack of clinical awareness of the condition and lack of major gross motor impairments.  (+info)

*Apraxia

Acquired Apraxia of Speech: A Treatment Overview Apraxia: Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatments Childhood Apraxia of Speech ... Some individuals with apraxia may benefit from the use of a communication aid. However, many people with apraxia are no longer ... Limb-kinetic apraxia: voluntary movements of extremities are impaired. For example, a person affected by limb apraxia may have ... Buccofacial or orofacial apraxia: Non-verbal oral or buccofacial ideomotor apraxia describes difficulty carrying out movements ...

*Ideational apraxia

The term apraxia was first created by Steinthal in 1871 and was then applied by Gogol, Kusmaul, Star, and Pick to patients who ... Ideational apraxia (IA) is a neurological disorder which explains the loss of ability to conceptualize, plan, and execute the ... Ideational apraxia is a condition in which an individual is unable to plan movements related to interaction with objects, ... Ideational apraxia is a difficult disorder to diagnose. That is because the majority of individuals who have this disorder ...

*Constructional apraxia

... is characterized by an inability or difficulty to build, assemble, or draw objects. Apraxia is a ... without there being an apraxia for single movements." In the years following, the definition of constructional apraxia diverged ... Constructional apraxia patients with the most AT8 pathology were least able to copy an image, while those best able to had the ... Constructional apraxia may be caused by lesions in the parietal lobe following stroke or it may serve as an indicator for ...

*Ideomotor apraxia

... was classified as "ideo-kinetic apraxia" by Liepmann due to the apparent dissociation of the idea of the ... There is no one definitive test for ideomotor apraxia; there are several that are used clinically to make an ideomotor apraxia ... The general concept of apraxia and the classification of ideomotor apraxia were developed in Germany in the late 19th and early ... It has also been shown that ideomotor apraxia sufferers may have some deficits in general spontaneous movements. Apraxia ...

*Bruns apraxia

... , or frontal ataxia is a gait apraxia found in patients with bilateral frontal lobe disorders. It is characterised ... Bruns apraxia can be distinguished from Parkinsonian ataxia and cerebellar ataxia in a number of ways. Patients typically ... This indicates that cerebellar function is intact and that the presented symptoms of Bruns apraxia are due to damage located ... Many neurologists describe frontal lobe ataxia as really an apraxia, in which voluntary control of initiating movement is ...

*Oculomotor apraxia

... (OMA), also known as Cogan ocular motor apraxia or saccadic initiation failure (SIF) is the absence or ... There is controversy regarding whether OMA should be considered an apraxia, since apraxia is the inability to perform a learned ... These are ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1), ataxia with oculomotor apraxia 2 (AOA2), and ataxia telangiectasia. ... Early-onset ataxia with ocular motor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia/ataxia with oculomotor apraxia 1. Advances in Experimental ...

*Apraxia of speech

"Apraxia of speech". American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 2013. Josephs KA, Duffy JR (December 2008). "Apraxia of ... The disorder is currently referred to as "apraxia of speech", but was also formerly termed "verbal dyspraxia". The term apraxia ... Developmental verbal dyspraxia (DVD), also known as childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) and developmental apraxia of speech (DAS ... "apraxia of speech", replacing Liepmann's original term "apraxia of the glosso-labio-pharyngeal structures." Paul Broca had also ...

*Apraxia of Lid Opening

... in blepharospasm. Ophthalmic Surg. 1990 May. 21(5):331-4 Krack P, Marion MH. Apraxia of lid opening, a ... Blepharospasm Apraxia Myokymia Goldstein JE, Cogan DG. Apraxia of Lid Opening. Arch Ophthalmol. 1965 Feb. 73:155-9 Defazio G, ... Isolated so-called apraxia of eyelid opening: report of 10 cases and a review of the literature. Eur Neurol. 1998. 39(4):204-10 ... Apraxia of lid opening (ALO) is an inability to initiate voluntary eyelid opening following a period of eyelid closure, with ...

*Justo Gonzalo

p. 141). Barraquer Bordas, L. (1974). Afasias, Apraxias, Agnosias. Barcelona: Toray. ISBN 84-310-0866-0. p. 141. Siguan, M. ( ...

*Formulaic language

2005). Apraxia. Speakeffectively.com Ogar, J.; Slama, H.; Dronkers, N.; Amici, S.; Gorno-Tempini, M. L. (2005), "Apraxia of ... The characteristics of apraxia of speech include difficulties in imitating speech sounds, imitating no-speech movements, such ... However, patients who suffer from apraxia of speech may retain the ability to produce formulaic language, such as "thank you" ... Apraxia of speech can also occur in conjunction with dysarthria (muscle weakness affecting speech production) or aphasia ( ...

*No.1-class auxiliary submarine chaser

in apraxia) Aux. Submarine Chaser No.171, completed on 11 May 1944, survived war. Transferred to Japan Maritime Safety Agency ... in apraxia) Aux. Submarine Chaser No.183, completed on 3 July 1944, survived war. Transferred to Japan Maritime Safety Agency ... in apraxia) Sold to Kanagawa Prefecture on 16 February 1948. No.2064 vessel (Aux. Submarine Chaser No.214), transferred to ... in apraxia) Aux. Submarine Chaser No.227, completed on 24 October 1944, survived war. Aux. Submarine Chaser No.228, completed ...

*Body part as an object

Apraxia is a neurological condition in which an individual loses the ability to execute movements that the individual is ... Studies of motor apraxia use BPO measures to better understand gestural impairment in apraxic patients, and often consider ... Many assessments of apraxia have been published, however few are considered to be clinically appropriate. Numerous evaluations ... The strength of an action schema is significant in studying apraxia and BPO pantomimes, because there appears to be a ...

*List of OMIM disorder codes

... with oculomotor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia; 208920; APTX Ataxia-ocular apraxia-2; 606002; SETX Ataxia-telangiectasia; 208900; ... with spastic paraparesis and apraxia; 607822; PSEN1 Alzheimer disease, type 3, with spastic paraparesis and unusual plaques; ...

*Parietal lobe

The concept of apraxia was shaped by Hugo Liepmann about a hundred years ago. Apraxia is predominantly a symptom of left brain ... Non dominant hemisphere Spatial disorientation Constructional apraxia Dressing apraxia Anosognosia - a condition in which a ... Apraxia is a disorder of motor control which can be referred neither to "elemental" motor deficits nor to general cognitive ... Apraxia - inability to perform complex movements in the presence of normal motor, sensory and cerebellar function. Agnosia ( ...

*Aprataxin

GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Ataxia with Oculomotor Apraxia Type 1 OMIM entries on Ataxia with Oculomotor Apraxia Type 1 ... Ataxia oculomotor apraxia-1 is a neurological disorder caused by mutations in the APTX gene that encodes aprataxin. The ... 2005). "The ataxia-oculomotor apraxia 1 gene product has a role distinct from ATM and interacts with the DNA strand break ... 1995). "Ataxia-oculomotor apraxia syndrome". J. Child Neurol. 10 (2): 118-22. doi:10.1177/088307389501000210. PMID 7782601. ...

*Developmental coordination disorder

Gubbay SS (October 1978). "The management of developmental apraxia". Dev Med Child Neurol. 20 (5): 643-6. doi:10.1111/j.1469- ... Other names include: Developmental Apraxia, Disorder of Attention and Motor Perception (DAMP) Dyspraxia, Developmental ... and in the United States the usual term is childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Key problems include: Difficulties controlling ...

*Spinocerebellar ataxia

Moreira, Maria-Ceu; Koenig, Michel (December 8, 2011). Ataxia with Oculomotor Apraxia Type 2. PMID 20301333. NBK1154. In ... ataxia with oculomotor apraxia (AOA), spastic ataxia. Disorder subdivisions: Friedreich's ataxia, Spinocerebellar ataxia, ...

*Motor speech disorders

There are two types of Apraxia. Developmental (or Childhood Apraxia of speech) or acquired Apraxia. Childhood apraxia of speech ... Apraxia is not a result of sensory problems, or physical issues with the articulatory structures themselves, simply the way the ... apraxia of speech or developmental verbal dyspraxia). Such deficits can be related to pathology of the nervous system (central ...

*Antoni Kępiński

Kohonen's topological structures aphasia and apraxia. International Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 36, pp. 113-118. Struzik, T ...

*Nonverbal learning disorder

ISBN 978-0-930405-26-7. Walton, J. N.; Ellis, E.; Court, S. D. M. (1962). "Clumsy children: developmental apraxia and agnosia ...

*Associative visual agnosia

Greene, J. D. W (2005). "Apraxia, agnosias, and higher visual function abnormalities". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and ...

*Amorphosynthesis

Parietal apraxia: A patient is unable to understand or execute actions. Constructional apraxia: A patient has trouble drawing. ... parietal apraxia and construction apraxia. Interestingly, other patients with symptoms of Tactile-Amorphosynthesis showed signs ... Constructional apraxia When asked to arrange, draw, or copy a simple model of one- to three-dimensional figures, a patient ... and amorphosynthetic apraxia of speech or writing Treatment of amorphosynthesis is often carried out by a variety of clinicians ...

*Hugo Liepmann

He conducted extensive research of a disorder he called apraxia, a term that he introduced in 1900. Apraxia is described as the ... The pathology of apraxia ("motor asymbolia") pursuant to a case of unilateral apraxia. Über Ideenflucht. Begriffsbestimmung und ... As a result of his studies, he divided apraxia into three types: ideational: object blindness, where the patient is incapable ... Science Encyclopedia; Apraxia Merriam Webster Dictionary definition of ataxia OCLC Classify published works. ...

*Stroke recovery

2001). "Manual and Oral Apraxia in Acute Stroke, Frequency and Influence on Functional Outcome: The Copenhagen Stroke Study". ... Can Heugten CM (2001). "Rehabilitation and Management of Apraxia After Stroke". Reviews in Clinical Gerontology. 11: 177-184. ...

*Agnosia

doi:10.1016/S0028-3932(03)00041-1. Greene JD (December 2005). "Apraxia, agnosias, and higher visual function abnormalities". J ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Breakpoint localization using array-CGH in three siblings with an unbalanced 4q;16q translocation and childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). AU - Shriberg, Lawrence D.. AU - Jakielski, Kathy J.. AU - El-Shanti, Hatem. PY - 2008/9/1. Y1 - 2008/9/1. N2 - We report clinical, cytogenetic, and comparative genomic hybridization findings for three siblings with an unbalanced 4q;16q translocation, minor malformations, and cognitive abnormalities, including childhood apraxia of speech, a rare, severe motor speech disorder. Breakpoint findings indicate that in addition to possible contributions from duplicated genes on chromosome 16, haploinsufficiency of one or more of 11 genes deleted in the telomeric region of the long arm of chromosome 4 is the likely cause of the speech disorder, the associated impairments in cognition and language, and the dysmorphic features. The present findings are the first to document childhood apraxia of speech in a multiplex family using contemporary speech ...
Dyspraxia has been defined as "a breakdown of praxis [action]" and "the inability to utilise voluntary motor abilities effectively in all aspects of life from play to structured skilled tasks" (Chu S and Milloy NR cited in Bowens and Smith).1 An alternative, psychology‐based definition is "motor difficulties caused by perceptual problems, especially visual‐motor and kinaesthetic motor difficulties".2 Within the medical and scientific communities dyspraxia is generally considered to mean an impairment of, or difficulties with, the organisation, planning and execution of physical movement with a developmental rather than acquired origin. Most individuals with dyspraxia manifest a combination of both ideational or planning dyspraxia and ideomotor or executive dyspraxia; ideational or planning dyspraxia affects the planning and coordination, and ideomotor or executive dyspraxia affects the fluency and speed of motor activities ...
Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is one of the most frequent autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias. Oculomotor apraxia refers to horizontal gaze failure due to deficits in voluntary/reactive eye movements. These deficits can manifest as increased latency and/or hypometria of saccades with a staircase pattern and are frequently associated with compensatory head thrust movements. Oculomotor disturbances associated with AOA2 have been poorly studied mainly because the diagnosis of oculomotor apraxia was based on the presence of compensatory head thrusts. The aim of this study was to characterise the nature of horizontal gaze failure in patients with AOA2 and to demonstrate oculomotor apraxia even in the absence of head thrusts. Five patients with AOA2, without head thrusts, were tested in saccadic tasks with the head restrained or free to move and their performance was compared to a group of six healthy participants. The most salient deficit of the patients was saccadic hypometria with a
2017 - Apraxia-KIDS - the Internets largest, most comprehensive and trusted website for information on childhood apraxia of speech (verbal dyspraxia, developmental apraxia of speech) and childrens speech and language topics - including evaluation, speech therapy, research and other childhood communication topics. Invaluable for parents, speech language pathologists, teachers and all those who care about a child with apraxia.. This web site is a program of the Childhood Apraxia of Speech Association, the national organization representing the needs and interests of children affected by apraxia of speech ...
Treatment for individuals with apraxia includes speech therapy, occupational therapy, and physical therapy.[10] Yet, treatments for apraxia have received little attention for several reasons, including the tendency for the condition to resolve spontaneously in acute cases. Additionally, the very nature of the automatic-voluntary dissociation of motor abilities that defines apraxia means that patients may still be able to automatically perform activities if cued to do so in daily life. Nevertheless, research shows that patients experiencing apraxia have less functional independence in their daily lives,[11] and that evidence for the treatment of apraxia is scarce.[12] However, a literature review of apraxia treatment to date reveals that although the field is in its early stages of treatment design, certain aspects can be included to treat apraxia.[13] One method is through rehabilitative treatment, which has been found to positively impact apraxia, as well as activities of daily living.[13] In ...
Dr. Fisher responded: Dyspraxia. Developmental dyspraxia is a disorder characterized by an impairment in the ability to plan and carry out sensory and motor tasks. Generally, individuals with the disorder appear "out of sync" with their environment. Symptoms vary and may include |a href="/topics/poor-balance" track_data="{
Parents often ask if their child may have apraxia due to medical complications during pregnancy or childbirth. There are currently no studies that suggest a direct relationship between complications of pregnancy or childbirth and a specific increase in risk for apraxia of speech. For example, an umbilical cord wrapped around the neck of a fetus could theoretically cut off oxygen supply and possibly lead to neurological injury, eventually resulting in a CAS diagnosis. However, such a condition could also NOT result in CAS or even neurological injury. Some children are born just fine even though there was some complication during pregnancy or birth. So, while it is possible that a complication could result in neurological damage that might contribute toward a motor speech disorder like CAS, research has not told us when or how this would occur.. Some speculate that some forms of CAS and other childhood conditions may be a result, in part, of environmental conditions such as exposure to pollutants ...
Childhood apraxia of speech - Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment for this childhood motor speech disorder.
Apraxia may start as an occasional stumble across words but can progress to a complete loss of speech. Some patients with Apraxia may even become mute. Apraxia is related to degenerative neurologic disease and is frequently misdiagnosed as Alzheimers disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. "Because it first presents as just a speech problem, some people are told, This is in your head. Weve seen that. Its very sad," said Keith Josephs, MD. As patients and medical professionals cannot always recognize apraxia of speech, treatment is usually not received until the disease is in later stages. To read more, click here. ...
A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 3
In 10 cases of 2p15p16.1 microdeletions reported worldwide to date, shared phenotypes included growth retardation, craniofacial and skeletal dysmorphic traits, internal organ defects, intellectual disability, nonverbal or low verbal status, abnormal muscle tone, and gross motor delays. The size of the deletions ranged from 0.3 to 5.7 Mb, where the smallest deletion involved the BCL11A, PAPOLG, and REL genes. Here we report on an 11-year-old male with a heterozygous de novo 0.2 Mb deletion containing a single gene, BCL11A, and a phenotype characterized by childhood apraxia of speech and dysarthria in the presence of general oral and gross motor dyspraxia and hypotonia as well as expressive language and mild intellectual delays ...
Heres How to Treat Childhood Apraxia of Speech. by Margaret Fish. The first in Plurals exciting new Heres How Series, Heres How to Treat Childhood Apraxia of Speech is now available! Heres How to Treat Childhood Apraxia of Speech empowers speech and language pathologists with a clear vision of systematic treatment approaches to achieve positive outcomes for children with apraxia of speech.. Click here to order your copy today!. ...
To successfully interact with the environment, goal-oriented movements made by human limbs must be guided by instructions from the brain. Loss of the ability to program purposeful skilled movements, in the absence of any motor, sensory, or cognitive deficit that could fully account for this disability, is called apraxia. Several types of apraxia were described by Hugo Liepmann in the beginning of the 20th century: ideomotor apraxia, where patients make spatial movement and postural errors as well as temporal errors, limb-kinetic apraxia, where patients are unable to perform precise independend and coordinated finger movements and ideational apraxia, where patients fail to correctly sequence a series of action. More recently, three other types of apraxia have been described: conceptual apraxia, where patients have a loss of mechanical knowledge; dissociation apraxia, where patients are impaired at performing a skilled act in response to stimuli in one modality but can perform normally when the ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Apraxia at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Apraxia easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
This is Part 2 of my series on genetics and apraxia. Please click here to read Part 1. The genetic results of Jake and the two other children studied, can be found by clicking on this PDF link ... genetics and apraxia I remember the first time my interest really sparked about genetics and how…
This 20Q article provides some key facts regarding the common characteristics of CAS and how CAS can be differentiated from dysarthria or a phonological delay or disorder. Dr. Skinder-Meredith offers very useful tips regarding when and how a diagnosis of CAS can be made. What is particularly interesting is the list of therapy techniques for CAS that have peer-reviewed research to support them. I think you will really learn a great deal from this ...
Dyspraxia is a Specific Learning Difficulty that affects body coordination, fine motor skills, and can also affect speech and articulation as well as perception and thought. Dyspraxia can cause difficulties for an individual in a variety of areas in life, including education, work and employment.. Early childhood indicators of Dyspraxia can include difficulty with self-care, writing and typing, riding a bike or other activities that involve balance and coordination. Within adults it can affect ones ability to learn to drive, organise or undertake DIY activities. As with other Specific Learning Difficulties such as Dyslexia, people with Dyspraxia can experience problems with memory and the processing of information.. Having Dyspraxia is not an indicator of low intellectual ability. This is a common misconception. The term Specific Learning Difficulty is and an umbrella term for Dyslexia, Dyspraxia, Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia, and Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder (AD(H)D). Each of these ...
Ten patients with gegenhalten of the upper limb of mixed aetiology were studied, in nine of whom an association with dyspraxia was found. In four of the patients, the rigidity became more pronounced after the instruction to relax, and only one patient showed improvement after this instruction. In these patients, the resistance to movement, evident as gegenhalten, may be a direct consequence of the dyspraxia.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Speech planning happens before speech execution. T2 - Online reaction time methods in the study of apraxia of speech. AU - Maas, Edwin. AU - Mailend, Marja Liisa. PY - 2012/10/1. Y1 - 2012/10/1. N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present an argument for the use of online reaction time (RT) methods to the study of apraxia of speech (AOS) and to review the existing small literature in this area and the contributions it has made to our fundamental understanding of speech planning (deficits) in AOS. Method: Following a brief description of limitations of offline perceptual methods, we provide a narrative review of various types of RT paradigms from the (speech) motor programming and psycholinguistic literatures and their (thus far limited) application with AOS. Conclusion: On the basis of the review of the literature, we conclude that with careful consideration of potential challenges and caveats, RT approaches hold great promise to advance our understanding of AOS, in ...
A Chicago-area company says its mix of vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids can help children with verbal apraxia, but the capsules have not been rigorously tested.
After hearing about In Balance from a friend, she gave the program a try.. In short work, she was back on her feet. "At first, I couldnt even step onto the balance board without leaning on Missy (In Balance owner Missy Dwyer)," Cherry recalls. After just a few sessions she was walking with much more confidence and now says, "In Balance was the best thing Ive ever done in my life. I can be ME again!". When Clayton Jones was five years old, he had to deal with verbal apraxia, which involved difficulty with motor skills, causing him to speak only rarely and with difficulty. After one 12-week session of In Balance his mother, Patricia, was so pleased with his progress she signed him up for another 12 weeks. "There was a huge difference" in his motor skills, and he began to speak very well, his mother recalls.. Now he enjoys sports, he enjoys talking with family and friends and feels very comfortable communicating in general.. Nick Noel is another multi-timer, who worked on information retention ...
As indicated in the Code of Ethics (ASHA, 2010), SLPs who serve this population should be specifically educated and appropriately trained to do so. SLPs who diagnose and treat CAS must possess skills in differential diagnosis of childhood motor speech disorders, specialized knowledge in motor learning theory, and experience with appropriate intervention techniques that may include augmentative and alternative communication and assistive technology. ...
Learn about communication disorders that can appear following stroke or other brain injury: aphasia, apraxia of speech and oral apraxia
This Interactive Apraxia Activities Packet is a creative and engaging way to elicit multiple repetitions of targets with children with apraxia or severe articulation needs who are working at CV / VC / CVC level. The story based approach with simple, repetitive language also makes it ideal for
Dr. Strand is a dynamic teacher, researcher and also a clinician herself. She is an Emeritus Consultant of the Department of Neurology at the Mayo clinic in Rochester, Minnesota and Emeritus Professor at the Mayo College of Medicine. She is the former head of the Department of Speech Pathology at Mayo Clinic. Dr. Strand has done groundbreaking research on CAS and developed an evidence-based treatment approach known as DTTC. She is considered a leading expert in the field. She is currently working on development of a dynamic assessment for CAS. Dr. Strand is also funny, kind, encouraging and passionate about her work ...
This useful, resourceful and practical guide provides those working with dyspraxia and DCD children one hundred ideas of how to support and develop their learning.. Lists cover the entire school age range and range from developing fine and gross motor skills to preparing children for their next transition either to the next stage of schooling or for their future careers.. Introduction. back. ...
Gut and Psychology Syndrome: Natural Treatment for Autism, Dyspraxia, A.D.D., Dyslexia, A.D.H.D., Depression, Schizophrenia: 8601400115695: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Amazon.com
... is a condition characterized by language problems, with a degree of difficulty with perception and thought in some cases, and though the intelligence of the individual is not affected, learning problems can be caused in children, and the brain is unable to process information to allow a full transmission of neural messages. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition
Dyspraxia is a developmental disorder. It can affect all phases and aspects of a childs growth including physical, social, memory, language, sensory development, intellectual and emotional growth.
As a secondary schoolteacher, Im only tooaware of how devastatingdyslexia can be for children.Ive seen bright kids become completely demoralised by the fact they cannot read. They fall further and further behind their peers, and its common to leave school with no qualifications. Its a scenario no parent wants for their child. So when it emerged that my own son, Kieran, now10, was struggling to read, I was fearful for his future.. He was diagnosed aged seven with dyslexia and dyspraxia, and I was shocked by how little help there was. While his reading was down on the fifth percentile, his IQ was on the 85th percentile, so he wasnt considered far enough behind to warrant extra support at school. In fact, the disparity between his intelligence and his academic performance only added to his frustration - Kieran was bright so he knew he "should" be able to do all the things his friends could.. At school he went under the radar.In a class of 33 kids, he became adept at simply "disappearing", ...
In early childhood, people with dyspraxia may behave awkwardly around others or have difficulty building friendships, Medical News Today states. In later childhood, they may have trouble following...
Were sorry to inform that due to unforeseen circumstances, Dr Emma Tremaine is now unable to attend this event and it has now been cancelled. All bookings will be refunded. Please keep checking this website and social media about future events from our Devon and Cornwall Group. --. …. with the Dyspraxic Doctor, Dr Emma Tremaine.. Location: Penventon Park Hotel, West End, ...
Praxis is the ability to organise a thought/action from the brain into a pre-planned movement. In order for someone to demonstrate the appropriate movement/command, the brain extracts and uses information from all of our memory and sensory processing areas ie. touch, auditory, smell, vision, taste plus vestibular balance/inner ear (proprioceptive/muscle receptors) to start and finish a given task… an example is right hand knowing what the left hand is doing. Taking this into useful terms, apraxia and dyspraxia expresses the lack of maturity in the areas required to fully plan some coordination of movement or speech…this does not mean that we cannot carry out all processes…indeed some with DCD/Apraxia are very good at sport but lack maturity in other areas ...
BackgroundAn extensive literature describes structural lesions in apraxia, but few studies have used functional neuroimaging. We used positron emission tomograp
Every year about this time, the pastures surrounding my home start looking like this ... While the bright yellow ragweed flowers are pretty at a glance, they cause a lot problems to people with seasonal allergies. This time of year Jake has a chronic stuffy nose and occasional, light wheezing if he is outdoors for…
Learn more about Apraxia at Portsmouth Regional Hospital DefinitionCausesRisk FactorsSymptomsDiagnosisTreatmentPreventionrevision ...
Jaycee is 9 years old. Besides her Down syndrome, she has childhood apraxia of speech which makes it extremely difficult for her to speak. She has used a speech generating communication device for a few years now so that she can communicate with us. I love showing people Jaycees device so they can learn about this different way of communicating ...
Diagnosis of neurological disease -- Episodic impairment of consciousness -- Falls and drop attacks -- Delirium -- Stupor and coma -- Brain death, vegetative state, and minimally conscious states -- Intellectual and memory impairments -- Global developmental delay and regression -- Behavior and personality disturbances -- Depression and psychosis in neurological practice -- Limb apraxias and related disorders -- Agnosias -- Aphasia and aphasic syndromes -- Dysarthria and apraxia of speech -- Neurogenic dysphagia -- Visual loss -- Abnormalities of the optic nerve and retina -- Pupillary and eyelid abnormalities -- Disturbances of smell and taste -- Cranial and facial pain -- Brainstem syndromes -- Ataxic and cerebellar disorders -- Diagnosis and assessment of Parkinson disease and other movement disorders -- Gait disorders -- Hemiplegia and monoplegia -- Paraplegia and spinal cord syndromes -- Proximal, distal, and generalized weakness -- Muscle pain and cramps -- Hypotonic (floppy) infant -- ...
The intervention will cover every type of approaches related with upper limb apraxia. We will use different kinds of tools to activate cerebral networks implied on apraxia, for facilitating the cerebral neuroplasticity in the recovering of the patient. On the other hand, when the function can not be improved, we will provide skills and strategies for enhance the environment adaptation and increasing the autonomy and independence ...
I have a Volkswagen TDI 1.9L - diagonistic fault shown on OBD2 tool is P0715 - Input/Turbine Speed Sensor Circuit - Volkswagen 2001 Jetta TDI question
Spinocerebellar Ataxia (e.g. SCA3, SCA14), Ataxia with Oculomotor Apraxia Type 1 and 2, Friedreichs Ataxia, Sporadic Adult Onset Ataxia) ...
Technology designed to adaptively support posture could help children with severe dyspraxia, improve drivers road skills and reduce falls among the elderly.. This is the hope of engineers and psychologists at Leeds University, who are researching the way posture affects the motor skills of children and adults.. Their research could facilitate the development of robotic classroom chairs that help dyspraxic children remain secure in their seat, high-tech car seats designed to alert drivers not sitting in the optimal driving position, or wearable sensors that caution elderly people making unstable movements.. Mark Mon-Williams, a professor of cognitive psychology at Leeds, said the initial focus will be on children with more extreme forms of dyspraxia.. If you sit a child with this disorder in a seat, they will tip over if theyre not paying attention, he said. If theyre spending all their time trying not to fall out of their chair, thats less time for them to concentrate on what the teacher ...
Our results suggest that AEDs generally pose a risk for infants and children exposed in utero or during breast feeding. Valproate was significantly associated with more children experiencing autism/dyspraxia, language, cognitive and psychomotor developmental delays versus children who were not exposed to AEDs. Oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine and lamotrigine+valproate were associated with increased occurrence of autism/dyspraxia, whereas for the cognitive developmental delay and psychomotor developmental delay outcomes, children exposed to the combination of carbamazepine, phenobarbital and valproate were at greater odds of harm than those who were not exposed to AEDs. However, these results should be interpreted with caution, as a number of factors (eg, anticonvulsant dosing, severity of epilepsy, duration of exposure, serum concentrations of exposure, mothers IQ/education) that may all influence outcomes were not identified in these studies. Also, our subsequent analyses may be underpowered due to ...
Planning their movements and being aware of the space around them: They frequently bump into and trip over things. They may have a clumsy posture and poor muscle tone.. Perception: They find it difficult to judge heights and distances: making them appear to be more clumsy.. Co-ordinating different parts of the body: They may find it hard to catch, throw and balance as well as moving the different parts of their body without looking. Sport and dancing can cause acute problems.. Laterality: It may be difficult to work out right from left without a reminder.. Manual and practical work: They may find it difficult to handle keyboards, tools, cars, bandages, laboratory and cooking equipment etc. safely and easily and tend to knock over and spill things often.. Hand-writing: They tend to write laboriously slowly and/or untidily and illegibly. Accurate copying can be difficult.. Language: They may find it difficult to pronounce some words and some may stutter.. Concentration: They may take a long time ...
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Thirdly the Alexander Technique may improve the cerebellum, an area of the brain that has been linked with dyslexia and ADD, especially by Dore Centres / DDAT. The main role of the cerebellum is coordination of thoughts and actions, something which is often poor in children with learning difficulties. Through the Alexander Technique you learn to move your body in a controlled manner which requires you to learn a level of mental discipline. It should not be forgotten that the body is a very complex organism that is sending many different pieces of information to the brain: How hot am I? Where are my legs? What can my fingers feel? Do I need to go to the toilet? With all this information rushing into the brain, swamping the under-developed cerebellum, its conceivable that as a coping strategy the brain just ignores it. This could give rise to the clumsiness and inattentive behavior as the child is ignoring the signals the body sends it. With the Alexander Technique, it possible to become aware of ...
Please note that we are unable to supply publications unless we are listed as the publisher. However, if you are a UK resident you may be able to obtain them from your local public library, your college library or direct from the publisher.. ...
Near rhymes (words that almost rhyme) with ataxia: apraxia, anorexia, dyspraxia, philadelphia... Find more near rhymes/false rhymes at B-Rhymes.com
Im so glad you mentioned the abuse risk. Ive heard people say that you can help protect non-disabled kids from sexual abuse by making sure they have the right to sayno to any touch that isnt absolutely essential. They can refuse a hug from Grandma, for example. But so many people recommend the exact opposite when teaching disabled kids, and it seems to be taboo to suggest that forcing touch on them could put them at risk. Personally, I think this is especially true for kids on the autism spectrum, or with sensory processing issues. Some of these kids can find touch overloading or painful. What lesson are we teaching if we force an unpleasant or painful sensation on a child without a very clear need? Ive even heard of people grabbing an autistic childs face to force eye contact - a two-for-one boundary violation! Can you imagine doing that to a non-disabled child? And its actually worse to do it to an autistic child, because many autistic people find both touch and eye contact ...
Learn about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis & treatment of Function and Dysfunction of the Cerebral Lobes from the Professional Version of the Merck Manuals.
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Expertise, Disease and Conditions: Aphasia, Apraxia, Cortical Visual and Perceptual Impairments, Corticobasal Degeneration, Dementia, Neurology, Speech and Language Impairments, ...
Join her in I Believe In You as she travels a road unfamiliar to most parents, into Elizabeths world, the world of dyspraxia and sensory processing disorder, and meet the wonderful group of individuals, both therapists and friends, who help her on her journey. Her devotion to Elizabeth proves there are some things that withstand even the greatest challenge: a mothers love and the words I believe in you ...
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke briefly describes acquired apraxia, its treatment, prognosis, and helpful organizations. ...
Disease, Patients, Syndrome, Apraxia, Behavior, Behavioral Symptoms, Episodic Memory, Language, Life, Memory, Orientation, Pathological Processes, Pathologies, Pathology, Reports, Carers, Diseases, Emotion, Emotions, Faces
The story of a child diagnosed with apraxia and how fat and real food with good traditional fat helped rehabilitate his brain. Fat was was the critical nutrient his brain needed.
The story of a child diagnosed with apraxia and how fat and real food with good traditional fat helped rehabilitate his brain. Fat was was the critical nutrient his brain needed.
Feeling stuck in an old way of thinking and / or behaving? There is a physiological reason for that. The behaviors we have learned since childhood have pathways in our brain--deep, well traveled ruts. Thats a good thing when it comes to things like walking, standing, and basic motor skills. The pathways present a challenge…
We have discovered mutations in the senataxin gene (SETX) as the molecular basis of a juvenile-onset, autosomal dominant (AD) form of familial amyotrophic later...
A Equipa da Biblioteca Geral da FMUP dá as boas-vindas aos novos alunos, desejando-lhes os maiores sucessos académicos e pessoais.
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Children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) present with significant speech production deficits, the effects of which often persist well into late childhood (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2007; Lewis, Freebairn, Hansen, Iyengar, & Taylor, 2004). Debate has historically surrounded whether the features of CAS are the result of an impairment in linguistic or speech motor systems, or both (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2007). Most research, however, has failed to explicitly consider a developmental perspective of the disorder, arguably limiting the associated interpretations that often (implicitly) assume an established underlying system (Maassen, 2002). One of the key tenets of such a developmental perspective is the possibility of an original core deficit in one system, with negative consequences for aspects of the system that subsequently develop.A mixed-methodology paradigm was employed in the present research in order to explore the core deficit in CAS. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dysarthria and apraxia of speech associated with FK-506 (Tacrolimus). AU - Boeve, Bradley F.. AU - Kimmel, David W.. AU - Aronson, Arnold E.. AU - De Groen, Piet C.. PY - 1996/1/1. Y1 - 1996/1/1. N2 - The immunosuppressive agent FK-506 (tacrolimus) is one of the agents most commonly used to prevent rejection after liver transplantation. Neurologic toxicity related to FK-506 has been reported, including speech disorders; however, a detailed analysis of the speech disorder associated with use of FK-506 has not been presented. Herein we describe a patient who exhibited mutism, then severe apraxia of speech with a concomitant hypokinetic, spastic, and ataxic dysarthria after administration of FK-506. His re-sidual mixed dysarthria, without radiographie evidence of a structural lesion, suggests dysfunction of one or more neurochemical systems. The pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying this intriguing entity remain obscure.. AB - The immunosuppressive agent FK-506 (tacrolimus) is one ...
We are now offering speech, language, and feeding services/therapy in Bay Ridge, Dyker Park and Dyker Heights, and Bensonhurst! If you are interested in Kristi, a speech language pathologist, coming to your home, contact Craig at [email protected] We will be expanding our speech, language, and literacy services to your home in Queens- Sunnyside, Woodside, Long Island City, Astoria, and we will be expanding our speech and language services to your home in Williamsburg, Greenpoint, Bushwick. We welcome Emily Harms, M.S. CCC-SLP- a speech language pathologist that comes to your Manhattan home. She travels to Gramercy Park, Midtown, Murray Hill, Flatiron District, Chelsea, Nolita, Soho, Greenwich Village, West Village, Battery Park City, Financial District, Lower East Side, East Village, Williamsburg. Please contact Craig for more information [email protected] 11215 11217 ABA Applied Behavioral Analysis apraxia Apraxia of speech articulation articulation delay asperger aspergers ...
One lifelong disorder is dyspraxia, also called developmental coordination disorder (DCD). According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, developmental dyspraxia is characterized by an impaired ability to plan and carry out sensory and motor tasks.. People with the disorder may appear out of sync with their environment and symptoms can vary, including: poor balance and coordination, clumsiness, vision problems, perception difficulties, emotional and behavioral problems, difficulty with reading, writing, and speaking, poor social skills, poor posture, and poor short-term memory. Although people with the disorder can be of average or above average intelligence, they may move their limbs immaturely.. Trans-synaptic Tests. To explore connections between corticospinal neurons in the mouse brains motor cortex and muscles - and to identify genetic pathways involved in their development - scientists in the Neuron study used trans-synaptic viral and electrophysiological ...
Reston, Virginia. This ASHA continuing education speech-language pathology seminar discusses apraxia of speech in children. Offered for 0.6 speech therapy ASHA CEUs.
Saddle Brook, New Jersey. This ASHA continuing education speech-language pathology seminar discusses apraxia of speech in children. Offered for 0.6 speech therapy ASHA CEUs.
OBJECTIVE: The present study focuses on evaluating neural activation patterns underlying praxis movements in normal controls and in patients with ideomotor apraxia using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Ideomotor apraxia is a disorder affecting patients with stroke and a variety of other brain lesions. The disorder involves disturbed timing, sequence, and spatial organization of skilled movements, during the execution and probably also preparatory phases. As a consequence, patients suffer from incorrect temporal and spatial components to movements as evidenced during pantomime of transitive (object/tool related) and intransitive (independent of object/tool use) gestures. Thus far, damage to posterior parietal regions and parietofrontal circuits has been implicated in significantly contributing to this disorder. However, little is known about the mechanism of cortical reorganization following damage, notably during recovery process. We hypothesize that recruitment of ...
A system may include a server device. The server device may receive, from a device, a media item in a first format associated with the device, and determine a transcoding priority to be associated with transcoding of the media item based on information regarding a transcoding job request for one or more other media items received from the user and at least one of information associated with the media item or information associated with a user of the device. The server device may also select, based on the transcoding priority and at least one of the information associated with the media item or the information associated with the user, the media item, from among a number of media items, associated with one or more users, to be transcoded, and transcode the media item to a transcoded media item in a second format that is different than the first format.
Developmental apraxia of speech is a diagnosis that is used clinically, usually to describe children with multiple and severe difficulties with speech sound acquisition. The precise criteria for this diagnostic label have been the source of debate in the research and clinical literature. Most treatment protocols have not withstood controlled investigations of their efficacy. The goal of this seminar is to define developmental apraxia of speech, determine how it can be differentiated from other speech acquisition problems, and become familiar with treatment protocols that appear to be efficacious. These goals will be met by investigating models of speech production and its development, becoming familiar with the experimental literature that has focused on differential diagnosis of developmental apraxia, and evaluating different regimens that have been recommended for treatment of this disorder ...
Despite the high incidence of the motor cognitive deficit apraxia after left-hemispheric stroke, evidence-based therapies do not exist. This randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) investigates whether anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as an add-on therapy during neuro-rehabilitation can ameliorate apraxic deficits in patients with left hemisphere stroke. Therefore, anodal tDCS is applied over the parietal cortex of the left, lesioned hemisphere with an intensity of 2 mA for 10 minutes at a time on 5 consecutive days in combination with motor tasks before and after the stimulation. The effect of the stimulation is compared to a sham stimulation. Moreover, application of a pre-programmed study mode ensures a double-blind study design (patient and investigator). The performance in the apraxia test KAS (Cologne Apraxia Screening) 3-4 days after the last stimulation, compared to baseline, serves as primary endpoint of the study. Secondary endpoints are evaluated using various ...
Probable helicase senataxin is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the SETX gene. This gene encodes a protein named for its homology to the Sen1p protein of fungi which has RNA helicase activity encoded by a domain at the C-terminal end of the protein. The protein encoded by this gene contains a DNA/RNA helicase domain at its C-terminal end which suggests that it may be involved in both DNA and RNA processing. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Ataxia oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) and an autosomal dominant form of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS4). GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000107290 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000043535 - Ensembl, May 2017 "Human PubMed Reference:". "Mouse PubMed Reference:". Chance PF, Rabin BA, Ryan SG, Ding Y, Scavina M, Crain B, Griffin JW, Cornblath DR (Apr 1998). "Linkage of the gene for an autosomal dominant form of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to chromosome 9q34". Am J Hum Genet. 62 (3): ...
We always joke that the military is the only place in America where you can experience socialism, even though were fighting for capitalism. Ive had friends complain about their health care through the military, but really?-its FREE. Everything is free. My husband doesnt have a deduction out of his paycheck for health care. When you have a child with Down syndrome and multiple health problems, that is HUGE. We dont pay a dime for medicine, specialists, surgeries, private therapies, or orthotics.. I have too many civilian friends to count who dont have their child with Down syndrome in private therapy or orthotics because its so expensive and their insurance doesnt cover it. I cant imagine our insurance not covering our child who has Childhood Apraxia of Speech and poor gait/low tone. I never have to beg for a referral or service. In fact, I usually tell my sons military pediatrician which private specialists and therapists I want him to see and they sign the referral no questions asked. ...
Build: Wed Jun 21 18:33:50 EDT 2017 (commit: 4a3b2dc). National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), 6701 Democracy Boulevard, Bethesda MD 20892-4874 • 301-435-0888. ...
Professional services described as Davis®, Davis Dyslexia Correction®, Davis Symbol Mastery®, Davis Orientation Counseling®, and Davis Math Mastery® may only be provided by persons who are employed by a licensed Davis Specialist, or who are trained and licensed as Davis Facilitators by Davis Dyslexia Association International. www.dyslexia.com ...
October 13th and 14th 2012. ADHD, Autism, Dyslexia, Speech Disorders, Developmental Delay, Apraxia / Dyspraxia …… Sound Familiar?. The Institute of Functional Neuroscience is proud to present a joint collaboration with international pioneers in the field. We welcome you to join us as we explore what these diagnoses mean, look at the current available treatments and discuss effective alternatives which are now available. Be part of this unique experience and be the first to discover the latest in research and clinical evidence. Listen to real cases and speak to the exsperts.. Click on Talks to Download:. Dr Carl Anderson - Cerebellar Reflections on Cognition. - Neurobiological Repercussions of Childhood Adversity. Dr. Charles Krebs. - Learning Enhancement Acupressure Program (LEAP) Approach to Learning Disorders. Dr. Randy Beck. - An Introduction to Learning. - Clinical Applications of Functional Neurology in Learning Disorders. Dr. John Clarkson. - Understanding the Brian in ...
Kate Ahern MS, Ed (Click here to learn more) Certificate Available CEU Approved: AZ, CA Number of hours: 1.5 hour Instructional Level: Intermediate Enroll: $45.00 Course InfoInstructionsFinancial/Non-financial DisclosuresCertificateASHA InfoFAQ This course looks intensively at the interaction of the neurological motor planning disorder of apraxia/dyspraxia as seen in Angelman Syndrome and the anxiety which isRead more. ...
Atrophy, Dementia, Diagnosis, Frontotemporal Dementia, Temporal Lobes, Pathology, Brainstem, Syndrome, Disease, Aphasia, Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, and Memory
This app was developed by the Blue Whale Apps and the National Association for Child Development. It offers motor planning exercises based on sound group and level of difficulty. The consonant sounds are grouped as follows: b p m, d n t, g k h, w, f v, s z, sh ch j, and l r. There are eight levels of difficulty. All levels work with CV structures only. Level 1 presents one syllable at a time, Level 2 presents three repetitions of a syllable, Level 3 requires five repetitions of the same syllable, Level 4 targets fours repetitions of the same syllable then a vowel change for the fifth CV syllable. Level 5 contains two syllables with the same consonant but different vowels, the vowels in the CV syllables change for Level 6 but the consonants remain the same and the syllables are presented in random order. Level 7 has CV syllables with differing vowels and consonants, but the consonants are from the consonant group targeted. Level 8 offers a random combination of the syllables in Level 7, but the ...
The minimum size for an embed video player ( smaller than this size uses a pop-up player ) $wgMinimumVideoPlayerSize = 200; // If transcoding is enabled for this wiki (if disabled, no transcode jobs are added and no // transcode status is displayed). Note if remote embedding an asset we will still check if // the remote repo has transcoding enabled and associated flavors for that media embed. $wgEnableTranscode = true; // The total amout of time a transcoding shell command can take: $wgTranscodeBackgroundTimeLimit = 3600 * 8; // Maximum amount of virtual memory available to transcoding processes in KB $wgTranscodeBackgroundMemoryLimit = 2 * 1024 * 1024; // 2GB avconv, ffmpeg2theora mmap resources so virtual memory needs to be high enough // Maximum file size transcoding processes can create, in KB $wgTranscodeBackgroundSizeLimit = 3 * 1024 * 1024; // 3GB // Number of threads to use in avconv for transcoding $wgFFmpegThreads = 1; // The NS for TimedText (registered on MediaWiki.org) // ...
Defects in cellular DNA repair processes have been linked to genome instability, heritable cancers, and premature aging syndromes. Yet defects in some repair processes manifest themselves primarily in neuronal tissues. This review focuses on studies defining the molecular defects associated with several human neurological disorders, particularly ataxia with oculomotor apraxia 1 (AOA1) and spinocerebellar ataxia with axonal neuropathy 1 (SCAN1). A picture is emerging to suggest that brain cells, due to their nonproliferative nature, may be particularly prone to the progressive accumulation of unrepaired DNA lesions.
In typically developing speech, children make word attempts and get feedback from others and from their own internal systems regarding how "well" the words they produced matched the ones that they wanted to produce. Children use this information the next time they attempt the words and essentially are able to "learn from experience." Usually once syllables and words are spoken repeatedly, the speech motor act becomes automatic. Speech motor plans and programs are stored in the brain and can be accessed effortlessly when they are needed. Children with apraxia of speech have difficulty in this aspect of speech. It is believed that children with CAS may not be able to form or access speech motor plans and programs or that these plans and programs are faulty for some reason. ...
With as any as 10% of all children diagnosed with Dyspraxia or DCD each year within a school class, every teacher will come across a child who struggles to coordinate themselves during PE, who is slower than others to dress and undress or seems to trip and fall more frequently than their peers.. A simple motor screen can identify if a child has postural deficits, motor planning and sequencing difficulties or underpinning sensory processing disorder.. Motor screening assessments can be carried out on an individual basis or in a group session. The therapist will use a standardised motor skill screening assessment to help gather baseline data on skill levels.. ...
With over 30 years experience the assistive technology from dyslexic.com offers support for dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, visual stress, visual impairment, and hard of hearing. We supply software for reading and writing; hardware for note-taking, ergonomic solutions, spelling and more; together with free-shipping on orders over £75 in the UK and technical support.. ...
It is important to understand the value of normal development and the ontogenesis of normal reflex development to allow the parent, therapist and physician to better guide and design a treatment program that will remediate the resultant cluster of deficits noted in poor sensory perception, gross and fine motor incoordination often seen as dyspraxia (inability to control ones body resulting from poor balance, posture, and movement), immature patterns of behavior and inefficient processing of expression as noted in possible cognition or learning deficits.. ...
living as a family with ADHD, ADD, SPD, motor processing disorder, dyslexia, dyspraxia, dyscalcula, dysgraphia, anxiety, depression, ODD.
Video created by University of London, UCL Institute of Education, Dyslexia and Literacy International for the course Supporting children with difficulties in reading and writing. The dys-constellation (dyspraxia, dyscalculia etc); audition; ...
Struggling with ADD, ADHD, Dyslexia or Dyspraxia?! These are all nuerodevelopmental disorders that can be dramatically improved with BIOMEDICAL intervention
As Felix enters his teens, the line between dyspraxia and normal scuzzy behaviour is beginning to blur. Most teenage boys are lazy, eat with their faces three inches from their plates, spill things, forget what youve said within five minutes, and would have you do up their ties and put on their socks in the morning while they sleep on, were you so willing. He shows little improvement in any of the above areas, but after nearly a year on the Dore programme he has greater confidence and a developing sense of himself. He no longer says "Im rubbish at everything" when the going gets tough. He seems able to retain more of the information hes learnt, and is getting better results. His half-term grades last year were: history, 30%; French, 33%; maths, 34%. This year they were 59%, 80%, 68%. ...
Near rhymes (words that almost rhyme) with dyslexia: dyspraxia, tradescantia, pyrexia, intelligentsia... Find more near rhymes/false rhymes at B-Rhymes.com
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Oculomotor aphasia symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Oculomotor aphasia (Apraxia) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
How we can use it in Tx: Basically these apps are collections of vocabulary words with pictures, text, audio, descriptions, and some built in customization and stats. As an aside, theres a few other options that would only come in handy if working with kiddos (like reinforcement and chimes), so if youre interested in using the apps for the intended population be aware theres still more to love. As far as my intended population, adults, go, theres a few ways I can imagine using these apps for word-finding goals: Id remove the text label and let pts name the words from pictures, or from the descriptions (the "description" button at the bottom of each card includes text and audio), or from both. I can use almost any app for memory work: choose a few words and ask the pt to remember them whether in sequence or not. But what Ive used these cards the most for is my apraxia pt who is only just starting to be able to repeat words. This pt benefits from seeing the word he is trying to say in print ...
Here is Part 1 of my understanding of the impact of metabolism and nutrition for special needs children based on my conversations with Elinor Silverstein.. In preparation for publishing this article I spoke with Elinor again today. She is so excited to have this information being sent out to more parents and professionals. "I worked with a young man who had severe torticollis, dystonia, apraxia and autism. We completely got him on the road to feeling better using this nutrition!" - Elinor Silverstein. A little about how Metabolism works. The process of absorbing, converting and using nutrients is metabolism. When someone has a metabolic condition some part of the process is not working properly. It could be the wrong food coming in, absorption being blocked by inflammation, missing components for conversion, or inability to use the nutrients at the cellular level.. Elinor explains, ideally we would eat what we need and all food would be utilized for the keeping us at peak health and ability to ...
Scheme is a small language with limited libraries. This Standard Prelude provides several libraries used in Programming Praxis: list utilities, list comprehensions, pattern matching, structures, matrices, hash tables, dictionaries, input/output, strings, sorting, higher-order functions, math functions, bits, random numbers, control flow, date arithmetic,unit testing, and miscellaneous. This code should work directly in any R5RS Scheme.…
Cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_ uids=10456799&dopt=Abstract • Ideomotor apraxia in early Alzheimers disease: time and accuracy measures. Author(s): Willis L, Behrens M, Mack W, Chui H. Source: Brain and Cognition. 1998 November; 38(2): 220-33. cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_ uids=9853098&dopt=Abstract • Ideomotor apraxia in Huntingtons disease. Author(s): Shelton PA, Knopman DS. Source: Archives of Neurology. 1991 January; 48(1): 35-41. cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_ uids=1824748&dopt=Abstract • Ideomotor apraxia in patients with Alzheimer disease: why do they use their body parts as objects? Cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_ uids=2929273&dopt=Abstract • Relationship of constructional apraxia and body scheme disorders in dressing performance in adult CVA. Author(s): Warren M. Source: Am J Occup Ther. 1981 July; 35(7): 431-7. cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_ uids=6166199&dopt=Abstract • Resource for kids with apraxia. Author(s): Gretz S. Source: Asha. 1998 Spring; 40(2): 51. ...
Neuropathological features of corticobasal degeneration presenting as corticobasal syndrome or Richardson syndrome. Kouri, Naomi; Murray, Melissa E.; Hassan, Anhar; Rademakers, Rosa; Uitti, Ryan J.; Boeve, Bradley F.; Graff-Radford, Neill R.; Wszolek, Zbigniew K.; Litvan, Irene; Josephs, Keith A.; Dickson, Dennis W. // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Nov2011, Vol. 134 Issue 11, p3264 Patients with corticobasal degeneration can present with several different clinical syndromes, making ante-mortem diagnosis a challenge. Corticobasal syndrome is the clinical phenotype originally described for corticobasal degeneration, characterized by asymmetric rigidity and apraxia, cortical... ...
Different explanations and subtypes of conduction aphasia are analyzed. Characteristics of literal paraphasias in parietal-insular conduction aphasia are discussed, emphasizing that paraphasias in conduction aphasia are articulatory-based (articulatory literal paraphasias) and due mainly to phoneme substitutions and phoneme deletions; they result basically in switches in phoneme manner and place of articulation. Similarities between errors in ideomotor apraxia and conduction aphasia language deficits are presented. It is proposed that language deviations (in oral as in written language) in conduction aphasia can be understood as a segmentary apraxia of speech.
With expanded and updated information including current techniques, approaches, and case studies, the 2nd edition of this bestselling book continues its reputation as a dependable and outstanding evidence-based source on acquired motor speech disorders in adults. It covers the substrates of motor speech and its disorders, the disorders and their diagnoses, and management -- focusing on integrating what is known about the bases of motor speech disorders with the realities of clinical practice to ensure readers have the key content they need to be effective practitioners.Evidence-based practice focus with relevant research evidence and data from the Mayo Clinic speech pathology practiceIncludes the clinical characteristics of the primary motor speech disorders as well as general guidelines for differential diagnosisOffers authoritative guidance on the diagnosis and management of motor speech disorders by a highly respected expert in the field of motor speech disorders73 case studies demonstrate concepts
Speech sound disorders is an umbrella term referring to any combination of difficulties with perception, motor production, and/or the phonological representation of speech sounds and speech segments (including phonotactic rules that govern syllable shape, structure, and stress, as well as prosody) that impact speech intelligibility. Known causes of speech sound disorders include motor-based disorders (apraxia and dysarthria), structurally based disorders and conditions (e.g., cleft palate and other craniofacial anomalies), syndrome/condition-related disorders (e.g., Down syndrome and metabolic conditions, such as galactosemia), and sensory-based conditions (e.g., hearing impairment). Speech sound disorders can impact the form of speech sounds or the function of speech sounds within a language. Disorders that impact the form of speech sounds are traditionally referred to as articulation disorders and are associated with structural (e.g., cleft palate) and motor-based difficulties (e.g., apraxia). ...
Disconnection syndrome is a general term for a number of neurological symptoms caused by damage to the white matter axons of communication pathways-via lesions to association fibers or commissural fibers-in the cerebrum, independent of any lesions to the cortex. The behavioral effects of such disconnections are relatively predictable in adults. Disconnection syndromes usually reflect circumstances where regions A and B still have their functional specializations except in domains that depend on the interconnections between the two regions. Callosal syndrome, or split-brain, is an example of a disconnection syndrome from damage to the corpus callosum between the two hemispheres of the brain. Disconnection syndrome can also lead to aphasia, left-sided apraxia, and tactile aphasia, among other symptoms. Other types of disconnection syndrome include conduction aphasia (lesion of the association tract connecting Brocas area and Wernickes), agnosia, apraxia, pure alexia, etc. The concept of ...
Recent research reveals genetic and symptomatic overlap among children with speech sound disorders (i.e., those who (misarticulate more sounds than would be expected for their age) and children with dyslexia (i.e., those who struggle to learn to read). Children who have speech sound disorders as preschoolers are at risk for the later emergence of dyslexia, a risk that often reveals itself in the form of poor phonological awareness skills during the preschool period. Traditional speech therapy methods focus on articulation accuracy and do not focus on the childs more abstract knowledge of the sound system of the language. The ultimate objective of this research program is to prevent reading disability in children who present with speech sounds disorders. The relative effectiveness of different interventions to help these children achieve age-appropriate phonological processing skills prior to school entry will be investigated. It is expected that a combination of treatment approaches that focus ...
Nicole Kleiman earned her Master of Science Degree in Speech-Language Pathology from Seton Hall University. She received her Bachelor of Science degree in Health Science with a concentration in Communication Disorders as well as a minor in Childhood Studies from Stockton University. Nicole has become a well-rounded clinician through her experience and exposure across the board in the school, private practice, and hospital settings. Nicole has evaluated and treated the pediatric, adult, and geriatric populations with a variety of disorders and diagnoses including articulation, phonology, language, pragmatics, dysarthria, aphasia, apraxia, cognitive-communication, and dysphagia/swallow disorders secondary to stroke, traumatic brain injury, and other neurological deficits. Nicole cares and advocates for her patients as she would her own family member. She believes an inter-collaborative team approach is important in providing the highest level of patient care, counseling, and education to patients ...

Childhood Apraxia of SpeechChildhood Apraxia of Speech

... Versus Developmental Apraxia of Speech. The Committee recommends childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) ... Limb apraxias, oral apraxia, and apraxia of speech have been frequently reported for children with autism or a pervasive ... Childhood Apraxia of Speech. Ad Hoc Committee on Apraxia of Speech in Children. About this Document. This technical report was ... The Apraxias Versus the Dysarthrias. Several other types of apraxia and several types of dysarthria play prominent roles in the ...
more infohttps://www.asha.org/content.aspx?id=10737450490

Apraxia - WikipediaApraxia - Wikipedia

Acquired Apraxia of Speech: A Treatment Overview Apraxia: Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatments Childhood Apraxia of Speech ... Some individuals with apraxia may benefit from the use of a communication aid. However, many people with apraxia are no longer ... Limb-kinetic apraxia: voluntary movements of extremities are impaired. For example, a person affected by limb apraxia may have ... Buccofacial or orofacial apraxia: Non-verbal oral or buccofacial ideomotor apraxia describes difficulty carrying out movements ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apraxia

Ideational apraxia - WikipediaIdeational apraxia - Wikipedia

The term apraxia was first created by Steinthal in 1871 and was then applied by Gogol, Kusmaul, Star, and Pick to patients who ... Ideational apraxia (IA) is a neurological disorder which explains the loss of ability to conceptualize, plan, and execute the ... Ideational apraxia is a condition in which an individual is unable to plan movements related to interaction with objects, ... Ideational apraxia is a difficult disorder to diagnose. That is because the majority of individuals who have this disorder ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideational_apraxia

Apraxia: MedlinePlus Medical EncyclopediaApraxia: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Apraxia is a disorder of the brain and nervous system in which a person is unable to perform tasks or movements when asked, ... Verbal apraxia; Dyspraxia; Speech disorder - apraxia; Childhood apraxia of speech; Apraxia of speech; Acquired apraxia ... Apraxia is caused by damage to the brain. When apraxia develops in a person who was previously able to perform the tasks or ... Other forms of apraxia include:. *Buccofacial or orofacial apraxia. Inability to carry out movements of the face on demand, ...
more infohttps://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007472.htm

Aphasia vs. ApraxiaAphasia vs. Apraxia

Oral apraxia, also referred to as nonverbal oral apraxia, is difficulty voluntarily moving the muscles of the lips, throat, ... Apraxia of speech (verbal apraxia) is difficulty initiating and executing voluntary movement patterns necessary to produce ... Because oral apraxia doesnt affect speech or swallowing, it may not be treated by a speech-language pathologist. ... Communication disorders that can appear following stroke or other brain injury include aphasia, apraxia of speech and oral ...
more infohttp://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/LifeAfterStroke/RegainingIndependence/CommunicationChallenges/Aphasia-vs-Apraxia_UCM_310079_Article.jsp

Childhood Apraxia of SpeechChildhood Apraxia of Speech

... Versus Developmental Apraxia of Speech. The Committee recommends childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) ... Limb apraxias, oral apraxia, and apraxia of speech have been frequently reported for children with autism or a pervasive ... Childhood Apraxia of Speech. Ad Hoc Committee on Apraxia of Speech in Children. About this Document. This technical report was ... The Apraxias Versus the Dysarthrias. Several other types of apraxia and several types of dysarthria play prominent roles in the ...
more infohttps://www.asha.org/policy/TR2007-00278/

Verbal ApraxiaVerbal Apraxia

... Kraig Knapp deekraig at delphi.com Sun Aug 14 20:29:51 EST 1994 *Previous message: Verbal Apraxia ... Typically, patients with apraxia cant perform a particular movement at the request of the examiner, but they might still be ... Apraxia, which is the motor systems equivalent of aphasia, is the inability to execute learned actions despite normal strength ...
more infohttp://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/neur-sci/1994-August/014690.html

Kinetic apraxia | pathology | Britannica.comKinetic apraxia | pathology | Britannica.com

... apraxia affects the upper extremities so that the individual cannot carry out fine motor acts, such as turning a key in a lock ... Alternative Title: motor apraxia. Learn about this topic in these articles:. description. * In apraxia. Kinetic, or motor, ... apraxia affects the upper extremities so that the individual cannot carry out fine motor acts, such as turning a key in a lock ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/kinetic-apraxia

Apraxia in HamstersApraxia in Hamsters

Keywords : Apraxia ; Hamsters as laboratory animals ; Digital video ; Hamsters Abstract :. A film by Bryan Kolb and Ian Q. ...
more infohttps://www.uleth.ca/dspace/handle/10133/512

Apraxias | GreenMedInfo | Disease | Natural Medicine | AlternativeApraxias | GreenMedInfo | Disease | Natural Medicine | Alternative

Diseases : Aphasia, Apraxias, Dementia, Parkinsons Disease, Stroke: Attenuation/Recovery Therapeutic Actions : Melodic ... Vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acids are therapeutic in apraxia and perhaps autism spectrum disorders. Jul 01, 2009. ...
more infohttps://www.greenmedinfo.com/disease/apraxias

Adderall and Speech ApraxiaAdderall and Speech Apraxia

... "My son takes Adderall for his ADHD, but has speech apraxia as well. He has weak oral musculature ...
more infohttps://www.additudemag.com/adderall-and-speech-apraxia/

Ideational ApraxiaIdeational Apraxia

... Hi everyone. Thanks for creating this site, Mr. Young. May I have this opportunity to clarify my doubt ... Can this be termed ideational apraxia ; or should I not have tested his left hand ( for this particular task), for having had ... Can this be termed ideational apraxia ; or should I not have tested his left hand ( for this particular task), for having had ...
more infohttp://sci.rutgers.edu/forum/showthread.php?95881-Ideational-Apraxia&s=08cc72a5133d334bf572e615ca5e2836&p=795859&viewfull=1

StoreFront Merchant ToolsStoreFront Merchant Tools

Speaking of Apraxia is a comprehensive and authoritative resource any family, SLP, occupational therapist, or pediatric ... At last, a parents guide to understanding, treating, and living with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Written in an empathic ... style by a parent who "has been there", Speaking of Apraxia offers hope and practical advice for parents of toddlers to teens ...
more infohttp://www.woodbinehouse.com/main.asp?PRODUCT_ID=978-1-60613-061-2

Oculomotor apraxia symptoms, treatments & forums | PatientsLikeMeOculomotor apraxia symptoms, treatments & forums | PatientsLikeMe

15 patients with oculomotor apraxia experience fatigue, depressed mood, anxious mood, insomnia, and pain and use Buspirone to ... Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on oculomotor apraxia at PatientsLikeMe. ... 0 oculomotor apraxia patients report severe anxious mood (0%). * 3 oculomotor apraxia patients report moderate anxious mood (50 ... 0 oculomotor apraxia patients report severe depressed mood (0%). * 3 oculomotor apraxia patients report moderate depressed mood ...
more infohttps://www.patientslikeme.com/conditions/1807-oculomotor-apraxia

Apraxia (Dyspraxia) Special Needs FactsheetApraxia (Dyspraxia) Special Needs Factsheet

Childhood apraxia of speech, sometimes called dyspraxia or developmental apraxia of speech, is a speech disorder in which the ... Children with apraxia also may have:. *sensitivity problems with their mouths, such as not liking to brush their teeth or eat ... Because students with apraxia are at risk for bullying, just like many other students with special needs, try to create ... Apraxia is more common in boys than girls, although girls with the disorder usually have a more severe form. ...
more infohttps://www.rchsd.org/health-articles/apraxia-dyspraxia-special-needs-factsheet/

Search of: Apraxia - List Results - ClinicalTrials.govSearch of: 'Apraxia' - List Results - ClinicalTrials.gov

EEG and EMG Analysis of Ideomotor Apraxia. *Ideomotor Apraxia. Observational. *National Institute of Neurological Disorders and ... Apraxia of Speech: Comparison of EPG Treatment (Tx) and Sound Production Treatment (SPT). *Apraxias ... Percentage of patients who exhibit apraxia of speech as measured by the Apraxia of Speech Rating Scale at presentation ... A Novel Treatment for Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech : Measurement of Outcomes. *Apraxia of Speech ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?term=%22Apraxia%22&show_down=Y

Apraxia facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about ApraxiaApraxia facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Apraxia

Make research projects and school reports about Apraxia easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Apraxia. Definition. Apraxia is a neurological disorder. In general, the diagnostic term "apraxia" can be used to classify the ... Types of apraxia There are several types of apraxia, and a patient could be diagnosed with one or more forms of this condition ... The types of apraxia include:. *Buccofacial or orofacial apraxia is the inability of a person to follow through on commands ...
more infohttp://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/apraxia

Apraxia | Portsmouth Regional HospitalApraxia | Portsmouth Regional Hospital

Learn more about Apraxia at Portsmouth Regional Hospital DefinitionCausesRisk ... Apraxia of speech-difficulty performing the movements needed to make speech. *Constructional apraxia-inability to copy or draw ... Some common forms of apraxia and their symptoms include:. *Buccofacial or orofacial apraxia-inability to make facial movements ... Apraxia is the inability to do learned movements or signals. You may have the desire and the physical ability to do the ...
more infohttps://portsmouthhospital.com/hl/?/434766/Apraxia&com.dotmarketing.htmlpage.language=1

Diagnosis and treatment of upper limb apraxia | SpringerLinkDiagnosis and treatment of upper limb apraxia | SpringerLink

Upper limb apraxia, a disorder of higher motor cognition, is a common consequence of left-hemispheric stroke. Contrary to ... Note that we purposely refrain from using terms like ideo-motor apraxia or ideational apraxia, as the different apraxia ... neither of the two apraxia test batteries based on cognitive models of apraxia (see part "Apraxia tests primarily applicable ... inter-rater reliability of a new apraxia test, association of apraxia and other cognitive deficits and prevalence of apraxia in ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00415-011-6336-y

Aphasia and ApraxiaAphasia and Apraxia

There are two main types of speech apraxia: acquired apraxia of speech and developmental apraxia of speech. Acquired apraxia of ... What is apraxia of speech?. Apraxia of speech, also known as verbal apraxia or dyspraxia, is a speech disorder in which a ... Aphasia may co-occur with speech disorders such as dysarthria or apraxia of speech, which also result from brain damage.. ... People with apraxia of speech often appear to be groping for the right sound or word, and may try saying a word several times ...
more infohttp://www.strokenetwork.org/newsletter/articles/aphasia.htm

Childhood apraxia of speech - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo ClinicChildhood apraxia of speech - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Childhood apraxia of speech - Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment for this childhood motor ... www.apraxia-kids.org/apraxia-information-downloads/. Accessed Feb. 8, 2016.. *About childhood apraxia of speech. The Childhood ... Treatment approaches for children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). The Childhood Apraxia of Speech Association of North ... www.apraxia-kids.org/apraxia-information-downloads/. Accessed Feb. 8, 2016.. *Speech sound disorders: Articulation and ...
more infohttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-apraxia-of-speech/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352051?footprints=mine

Childhood apraxia of speech - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo ClinicChildhood apraxia of speech - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic

Childhood apraxia of speech - Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment for this childhood motor ... www.apraxia-kids.org/apraxia-information-downloads/. Accessed Feb. 8, 2016.. *About childhood apraxia of speech. The Childhood ... Treatment approaches for children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). The Childhood Apraxia of Speech Association of North ... www.apraxia-kids.org/apraxia-information-downloads/. Accessed Feb. 8, 2016.. *Speech sound disorders: Articulation and ...
more infohttps://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/childhood-apraxia-of-speech/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20352051

Is apraxia common after a stroke? | Zocdoc AnswersIs apraxia common after a stroke? | Zocdoc Answers

Apraxia is a term that is used to describe the loss of the ability to execute or carry out learned purposeful movement. This ... Unfortunately, my wife had a stroke and now has apraxia. Is this common? What can I do to help her? She seems so frustrated ...
more infohttps://www.zocdoc.com/answers/7182/is-apraxia-common-after-a-stroke

ReST Archives - Apraxia KidsReST Archives - Apraxia Kids

Posted in News , Tagged 2013 National Conference on CAS, apraxia, Apraxia-KIDS, australia, cas, CASANA, CASANAs national ... 2018 - Apraxia-KIDS - the Internets largest, most comprehensive and trusted website for information on childhood apraxia of ... ReST: A New Treatment for Prosody and Speech Accuracy for School-Aged Children with Childhood Apraxia of Speech. ... Within this area she has a number of interests including (a) treatments for Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) (also known as ...
more infohttps://www.apraxia-kids.org/tag/rest/

Apraxia and Related Syndromes: Overview, Types of Apraxia, Apraxialike SyndromesApraxia and Related Syndromes: Overview, Types of Apraxia, Apraxialike Syndromes

Therefore, patients with apraxia are unlikely to perform activities of daily living well. ... Apraxia, one of the most important and least understood major behavioral neurology syndromes, robs patients of the ability to ... Limb-kinetic apraxia. Limb-kinetic apraxia (as distinct from limb apraxia) means a clumsy hand. Typically, it refers to the ... encoded search term (Apraxia and Related Syndromes) and Apraxia and Related Syndromes What to Read Next on Medscape. Related ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1136037-overview
  • Ideational apraxia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Ideational/conceptual apraxia: Patients have an inability to conceptualize a task and impaired ability to complete multistep actions. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, more research is needed on ideational apraxia due to brain lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The localization of lesions in areas of the frontal and temporal lobes would provide explanation for the difficulty in motor planning seen in ideational apraxia as well as its difficulty to distinguish it from certain aphasias. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ideational apraxia (IA) is a neurological disorder which explains the loss of ability to conceptualize, plan, and execute the complex sequences of motor actions involved in the use of tools or otherwise interacting with objects in everyday life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ideational apraxia is a condition in which an individual is unable to plan movements related to interaction with objects, because he has lost the perception of the object's purpose. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet, he still was never able to produce two patients with the same brain damage that showed ideational apraxia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on many additional case studies, Liepmann suggested that there are three major types of apraxia, each of which is caused by different sites of brain damage: ideational, ideo-motor, and kinetic. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Autopsy examinations and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans have demonstrated that, in general, individuals with ideational, ideo-motor, and kinetic apraxias have pathologies involving either the back (parietal-occipital), middle (parietal), or front (frontal) lobes of the cerebral cortex, respectively. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The individual with ideational apraxia cannot consistently produce complex serial actions, particularly with objects, due to disruptions at the conceptual stage of motor planning where the purpose and desire to perform specific movements are formulated. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, if patients with ideational apraxia are requested to demonstrate proper use of a toothbrush, they might first brush their nails, then hesitate and brush their pants, and finally, with prompting, brush their teeth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If asked to demonstrate use of a pair of scissors, unlike ideational apraxics, individuals with ideo-motor apraxia will not make the mistake of using this tool as if it were a screwdriver. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Use of the term apraxia of speech implies a shared core of speech and prosody features, regardless of time of onset, whether congenital or acquired, or specific etiology. (asha.org)
  • The term apraxia was first created by Steinthal in 1871 and was then applied by Gogol, Kusmaul, Star, and Pick to patients who failed to pantomime the use of tools. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, the diagnostic term "apraxia" can be used to classify the inability of a person to perform voluntary and skillful movements of one or more body parts, even though there is no evidence of underlying muscular paralysis, incoordination, or sensory deprivation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The term apraxia is derived from the Greek word praxis , which refers to producing an action or movement. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Liepmann popularized the diagnostic term "apraxia" to differentiate individuals with these types of select motor difficulties from those who struggle with movement disturbances because of weakness, paralysis, and incoordination of the muscles involved. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Constructional apraxia is often caused by lesions of the inferior non-dominant parietal lobe, and can be caused by brain injury, illness, tumor or other condition that can result in a brain lesion. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, patients with constructional apraxia may be unable to copy a simple geometric shape despite being able to see and recognize the stimulus, hold and use a pen, and understand the task. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Ideo-motor apraxia is characterized by derailments of bodily movement patterns, due to disturbances in the motor planning stages of a well-conceived behavioral act. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Thus, a reliable diagnosis and efficient treatment of upper limb apraxia is important to improve the patients' prognosis after stroke. (springer.com)
  • Based on a systematic literature search, this review summarizes the current tools of diagnosis and treatment strategies for upper limb apraxia. (springer.com)
  • Moreover, it provides clinicians with appropriate tools for the reliable diagnosis and effective treatment of apraxia. (springer.com)
  • Nevertheless, this review also highlights the need for further research into how to improve diagnosis of apraxia based on neuropsychological models and to develop new therapeutic strategies. (springer.com)
  • As some of the neuropsychological tests used for the diagnosis of apraxia (e.g., pantomiming the use of objects and tools) seem to have no direct bearing on the actual affordances of daily life, apraxia is often considered to have little impact on the patients' everyday lives. (springer.com)
  • Limb-kinetic apraxia. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Kinetic, or motor, apraxia affects the upper extremities so that the individual cannot carry out fine motor acts, such as turning a key in a lock, even though there is no muscle weakness. (britannica.com)
  • Limb-kinetic apraxia: voluntary movements of extremities are impaired. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kinetic apraxia is characterized by coarse, clumsy, groping, and mutilated movement patterns, especially on tasks that require simultaneous, sequential, and smooth contractions of separate muscle groups. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Test to Measure Upper Limb Apraxia (TULIA) is one method of determining upper limb apraxia through the qualitative and quantitative assessment of gesture production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although currently only a few randomized controlled studies investigate the efficacy of different apraxia treatments, the gesture training suggested by Smania and colleagues can be recommended for the therapy of apraxia, the effects of which were shown to extend to activities of daily living and to persist for at least 2 months after completion of the training. (springer.com)
  • Any disease of these areas can cause apraxia, although stroke and dementia are the most common causes. (medscape.com)
  • Apraxia is one of the best localizing signs of the mental status examination and, unlike aphasia, also predicts disability in patients with stroke or dementia. (medscape.com)
  • Interestingly, callosal apraxia is rare after callosotomy and is much more common with anterior cerebral artery strokes or tumors. (medscape.com)
  • Interestingly, some cases of acquired apraxia go away on their own, without any treatment at all (just another example of the brain's incredible capability to heal itself sometimes). (study.com)
  • Speech apraxia is a specific type of the condition where a person has trouble moving the muscles in his or her mouth and tongue, making it difficult - or impossible - to speak. (study.com)
  • Acquired apraxia can occur at any stage of life, but usually affects adults after some type of head trauma or incident like a stroke or brain tumor. (study.com)
  • Apraxia results from brain damage (eg, by infarct, tumor, or trauma) or degeneration, usually in the parietal lobes or their connections, which retain memories of learned movement patterns. (merckmanuals.com)
  • Apraxia is a term that is used to describe the loss of the ability to execute or carry out learned purposeful movement. (zocdoc.com)
  • It is also possible for apraxia to be caused by lesions in other areas of the brain including the non-dominant (usually right) hemisphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acquired apraxia can occur at any stage of life, but usually it affects adults who lose the ability to speak over time. (study.com)
  • In particular, a short screening test for apraxia, and a more comprehensive diagnostic apraxia test for clinical use are recommended. (springer.com)