Motion: Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.Motion Perception: The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Motion Sickness: Disorder caused by motion, as sea sickness, train sickness, car sickness, air sickness, or SPACE MOTION SICKNESS. It may include nausea, vomiting and dizziness.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Psychophysics: The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.Optical Illusions: An illusion of vision usually affecting spatial relations.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Figural Aftereffect: A perceptual phenomenon used by Gestalt psychologists to demonstrate that events in one part of the perceptual field may affect perception in another part.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Sensory Thresholds: The minimum amount of stimulus energy necessary to elicit a sensory response.Artifacts: Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.Depth Perception: Perception of three-dimensionality.Discrimination (Psychology): Differential response to different stimuli.Pattern Recognition, Visual: Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.Contrast Sensitivity: The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.Pursuit, Smooth: Eye movements that are slow, continuous, and conjugate and occur when a fixed object is moved slowly.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Visual Pathways: Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.Form Perception: The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.Orientation: Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Vision Disparity: The difference between two images on the retina when looking at a visual stimulus. This occurs since the two retinas do not have the same view of the stimulus because of the location of our eyes. Thus the left eye does not get exactly the same view as the right eye.Motion Therapy, Continuous Passive: Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Visual Cortex: Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.Head Movements: Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.Lighting: The illumination of an environment and the arrangement of lights to achieve an effect or optimal visibility. Its application is in domestic or in public settings and in medical and non-medical environments.Optic Flow: The continuous visual field seen by a subject through space and time.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Afterimage: Continuation of visual impression after cessation of stimuli causing the original image.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Acceleration: An increase in the rate of speed.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Space Perception: The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Color Perception: Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.Adaptation, Ocular: The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Respiratory-Gated Imaging Techniques: Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the breathing cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts. The images are used diagnostically and also interventionally to coordinate radiation treatment beam on/off cycles to protect healthy tissues when they move into the beam field during different times in the breathing cycle.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Fiducial Markers: Materials used as reference points for imaging studies.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Vision, Monocular: Images seen by one eye.Visual Fields: The total area or space visible in a person's peripheral vision with the eye looking straightforward.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Nystagmus, Optokinetic: Normal nystagmus produced by looking at objects moving across the field of vision.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Perceptual Disorders: Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Perceptual Distortion: Lack of correspondence between the way a stimulus is commonly perceived and the way an individual perceives it under given conditions.Arthrometry, Articular: Measurements of joint flexibility (RANGE OF MOTION, ARTICULAR), usually by employing an angle-measuring device (arthrometer). Arthrometry is used to measure ligamentous laxity and stability. It is often used to evaluate the outcome of ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT replacement surgery.Diptera: An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).Time and Motion Studies: The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Vision, Ocular: The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Signal Detection, Psychological: Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Gait: Manner or style of walking.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Vestibule, Labyrinth: An oval, bony chamber of the inner ear, part of the bony labyrinth. It is continuous with bony COCHLEA anteriorly, and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS posteriorly. The vestibule contains two communicating sacs (utricle and saccule) of the balancing apparatus. The oval window on its lateral wall is occupied by the base of the STAPES of the MIDDLE EAR.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Evoked Potentials, Visual: The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.Molecular Dynamics Simulation: A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Perceptual Masking: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.Diffusion: The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.Temporal Lobe: Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Differential Threshold: The smallest difference which can be discriminated between two stimuli or one which is barely above the threshold.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Myocardial Contraction: Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.Distance Perception: The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted mathematical calculations of beam angles, intensities of radiation, and duration of irradiation in radiotherapy.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular: A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Wrist Joint: The joint that is formed by the distal end of the RADIUS, the articular disc of the distal radioulnar joint, and the proximal row of CARPAL BONES; (SCAPHOID BONE; LUNATE BONE; triquetral bone).Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Fourier Analysis: Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Saccades: An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.Baseball: A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.Otolithic Membrane: A gelatinous membrane overlying the acoustic maculae of SACCULE AND UTRICLE. It contains minute crystalline particles (otoliths) of CALCIUM CARBONATE and protein on its outer surface. In response to head movement, the otoliths shift causing distortion of the vestibular hair cells which transduce nerve signals to the BRAIN for interpretation of equilibrium.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Elbow Joint: A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Space Motion Sickness: Disorder characterized by nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, possibly in response to vestibular disorientation or fluid shifts associated with space flight. (From Webster's New World Dictionary)Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Time Perception: The ability to estimate periods of time lapsed or duration of time.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Total Disc Replacement: The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.Stroboscopy: The observation of successive phases of MOVEMENT by use of a flashing light.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Cardiac-Gated Imaging Techniques: Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the cardiac cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts.Dobutamine: A catecholamine derivative with specificity for BETA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. It is commonly used as a cardiotonic agent after CARDIAC SURGERY and during DOBUTAMINE STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Torque: The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Retina: The ten-layered nervous tissue membrane of the eye. It is continuous with the OPTIC NERVE and receives images of external objects and transmits visual impulses to the brain. Its outer surface is in contact with the CHOROID and the inner surface with the VITREOUS BODY. The outer-most layer is pigmented, whereas the inner nine layers are transparent.Kinesthesis: Sense of movement of a part of the body, such as movement of fingers, elbows, knees, limbs, or weights.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine: A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular: NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.Spin Labels: Molecules which contain an atom or a group of atoms exhibiting an unpaired electron spin that can be detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and can be bonded to another molecule. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gravitation: Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Anisotropy: A physical property showing different values in relation to the direction in or along which the measurement is made. The physical property may be with regard to thermal or electric conductivity or light refraction. In crystallography, it describes crystals whose index of refraction varies with the direction of the incident light. It is also called acolotropy and colotropy. The opposite of anisotropy is isotropy wherein the same values characterize the object when measured along axes in all directions.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Thorax: The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Normal Distribution: Continuous frequency distribution of infinite range. Its properties are as follows: 1, continuous, symmetrical distribution with both tails extending to infinity; 2, arithmetic mean, mode, and median identical; and 3, shape completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Mass Behavior: Collective behavior of an aggregate of individuals giving the appearance of unity of attitude, feeling, and motivation.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Size Perception: The sensory interpretation of the dimensions of objects.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Molecular Motor Proteins: Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).Eye Movement Measurements: Methods and procedures for recording EYE MOVEMENTS.Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Torsion, Mechanical: A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Respiratory Mechanics: The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Proprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Fluorescence Polarization: Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Macaca: A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE, family CERCOPITHECIDAE, consisting of 16 species inhabiting forests of Africa, Asia, and the islands of Borneo, Philippines, and Celebes.Holography: The recording of images in three-dimensional form on a photographic film by exposing it to a laser beam reflected from the object under study.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon: A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.Gated Blood-Pool Imaging: Radionuclide ventriculography where scintigraphic data is acquired during repeated cardiac cycles at specific times in the cycle, using an electrocardiographic synchronizer or gating device. Analysis of right ventricular function is difficult with this technique; that is best evaluated by first-pass ventriculography (VENTRICULOGRAPHY, FIRST-PASS).Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Hydrodynamics: The motion of fluids, especially noncompressible liquids, under the influence of internal and external forces.Tympanic Membrane: An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Hand: The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.Carpal Joints: The articulations between the various CARPAL BONES. This does not include the WRIST JOINT which consists of the articulations between the RADIUS; ULNA; and proximal CARPAL BONES.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Pliability: The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Echocardiography, Stress: A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.Nystagmus, Physiologic: Involuntary rhythmical movements of the eyes in the normal person. These can be naturally occurring as in end-position (end-point, end-stage, or deviational) nystagmus or induced by the optokinetic drum (NYSTAGMUS, OPTOKINETIC), caloric test, or a rotating chair.Flicker Fusion: The point or frequency at which all flicker of an intermittent light stimulus disappears.Judgment: The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.Sound: A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Cone-Beam Computed Tomography: Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.Gravity Sensing: Process whereby a cell, bodily structure, or organism (animal or plant) receives or detects a gravity stimulus. Gravity sensing plays an important role in the directional growth and development of an organism (GRAVITROPISM).Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Friction: Surface resistance to the relative motion of one body against the rubbing, sliding, rolling, or flowing of another with which it is in contact.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ventricular Dysfunction, Left: A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Breath Holding: An involuntary or voluntary pause in breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness.Cineangiography: Motion pictures of the passage of contrast medium through blood vessels.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Fovea Centralis: An area approximately 1.5 millimeters in diameter within the macula lutea where the retina thins out greatly because of the oblique shifting of all layers except the pigment epithelium layer. It includes the sloping walls of the fovea (clivus) and contains a few rods in its periphery. In its center (foveola) are the cones most adapted to yield high visual acuity, each cone being connected to only one ganglion cell. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Linear motions (or translatory motions), which move in a line between two points. Rectilinear motion is motion in a straight ... Reciprocal motion refers to alternating motions in opposing directions.[44]. *Reposition refers to restoring an object to its ... The range of motion describes the total range of motion that a joint is able to do. [5] For example, if a part of the body such ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... "Motion Picture Credits Database". Oscars.org.. *^ a b "board of governors". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. ... Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study[edit]. The Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study is located at 333 S. La Cienega ... Main article: Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study. The Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study, located in central ...
The upward motions within the storm and winds at higher levels in the atmosphere tend to cause the small ice crystals (and ... Saunders, C. P. R. (1993). "A Review of Thunderstorm Electrification Processes". Journal of Applied Meteorology. 32 (4): 642-55 ... Ultraslow-motion video of stepped leader propagation: ztresearch.com Archived April 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ...
Apply disatiisfaction to affected areas only. May be too intense for some viewers. Do not stamp. Not rated by the Motion ... All passengers must be behind the white line while bus is in motion. Package sold by weight, not volume. Your mileage may vary ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Other restrictions may apply. Objects in mirror are closer than they appear. WARNING: Federal law provides severe civil and ...
Monroe, Mark (2009). The Cove (Motion picture).. ,access-date=. requires ,url=. (help). ... Many of the findings that apply to all cetaceans were therefore first discovered in the porpoises.[2] One of the first ... Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 16 (2): 184-204. doi:10.1080/10888705.2013.768925. PMID 23544757.. ...
Pohl, H. A. (1951). "The Motion and Precipitation of Suspensoids in Divergent Electric Fields". Journal of Applied Physics. 22 ... DEP has been applied for the separation of live and dead cells, with the remaining live cells still viable after separation [24 ... Pohl, H. A. (1958). "Some effects of nonuniform fields on dielectrics". Journal of Applied Physics. 29 (8): 1182-1188. Bibcode: ... DEP is being applied in fields such as medical diagnostics, drug discovery, cell therapeutics, and particle filtration. ...
"Galilean Geometry of Motions" (PDF). Applied Sciences. pp. 91-105. Serway, Raymond A.; Jewett, John W. (2006), Principles of ... With motion parallel to the x-axis, the transformation acts on only two components: ( x ′ t ′ ) = ( 1 − v 0 1 ) ( x t ) {\ ... A general point in spacetime is given by an ordered pair (x, t). A uniform motion, with velocity v, is given by ( x , t ) ↦ ( x ... The topic was motivated by his description of the motion of a ball rolling down a ramp, by which he measured the numerical ...
In the case of a ring laser the same applies: the number of cycles of the laser light's frequency is the same in both ... Its purpose was to detect "the effect of the relative motion of the ether". Sagnac believed that his results constituted proof ... 3. The Wang interferometer does not move like a rigid body and Sagnac original formula does not apply as the angular frequency ... "There are, however, two different types of such [non-inertial] motion; it may for instance be acceleration in a straight line, ...
The "Time and Motion" approach could be applied to the bricklaying and the transportation. The building was also required to ... Applied motion study. (1919). Gilbreth, Frank Bunker. Fatigue study. No. 11. Macmillan, 1919. Jane Lancaster (2004), Making ... He used a motion picture camera that was calibrated in fractions of minutes to time the smallest of motions in workers. Their ... Motion study. London: Constable, 1911. Gilbreth, Frank Bunker. Motion study: A method for increasing the efficiency of the ...
Height requirements may apply for each attraction. A 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) Ocean In Motion. A 3 mph (4.8 km/h) trip ...
Industrial and Applied Math. S. Jeannin & M. Bober (March 1999). "Description of core experiments for MPEG-7 motion/shape. ... The results of applying this to different situations is given in the following section. The authors Serge Belongie and Jitendra ...
Ivanovs, J. (2010). "Markov-modulated Brownian motion with two reflecting barriers". Journal of Applied Probability. 47 (4): ... The model applies the leaky bucket algorithm to a stochastic source. The model was first introduced by Pat Moran in 1954 where ... Rogers, L. C. G.; Shi, Z. (1994). "Computing the Invariant Law of a Fluid Model". Journal of Applied Probability. 31 (4): 885- ... Field, A. J.; Harrison, P. G. (2010). "Busy periods in fluid queues with multiple emptying input states". Journal of Applied ...
Journal of Applied Probability. 35 (4): 998. doi:10.1239/jap/1032438394. Harrison, J. Michael (1985). Brownian Motion and ... Journal of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. 2 (3): 133-142. doi:10.1137/0102010. JSTOR 2098899. Morse, P. M ...
Shockley, W. (1938). "Currents to Conductors Induced by a Moving Point Charge". Journal of Applied Physics. 9 (10): 635. ... Ramo, S. (1939). "Currents Induced by Electron Motion". Proceedings of the IRE. 27 (9): 584-585. doi:10.1109/JRPROC.1939.228757 ... The Shockley-Ramo theorem states that the instantaneous current i induced on a given electrode due to the motion of a charge is ...
These magnetic nanoparticles are trapped inside due to an externally applied magnetic field as the blood is free to flow ... Reeves, Daniel B.; Weaver, John B. (15 December 2012). "Simulations of magnetic nanoparticle Brownian motion". Journal of ... Thanks to the easy separation by applying a magnetic field and the very large surface to volume ratio, magnetic nanoparticles ... J. Philip; Shima.P.D. B. Raj (2006). "Nanofluid with tunable thermal properties". Applied Physics Letters. 92: 043108. Bibcode: ...
He was notable for research on planetary motions and ephemeris. Krasinsky was the president of IAU commission 4-DI on ... "Obituary" (in Russian). Institute of Applied Astronomy. Retrieved 19 January 2012. [permanent dead link] G. A. Krasinsky and V. ... A. Brumberg, Secular Increase of Astronomical Unit from Analysis of the Major Planet Motions, and its Interpretation Celestial ... was a Russian astronomer active at the Institute of Applied Astronomy, Russian Academy of Science, St Petersburg. ...
It is found that a sinusoidal waveform is spread in frequency due to the surface motion. For bottom reverberation a Lambert's ... Applied Acoustics 27, 163-201 (1989). L. M. Brekhovskikh & Yu. P. Lysanov, Fundamentals of Ocean Acoustics, 3rd edition ( ... The speed of sound c {\displaystyle c\,} (i.e., the longitudinal motion of wavefronts) is related to frequency f {\displaystyle ... and the relative motion between sonar and object can be calculated. Sometimes the frequency of the radiated noise (a tonal) may ...
An application will generally consist of a notice of motion; and one or more supporting affidavits. The notice of motion must ... The same rules apply as those in the claim in convention. The plea and counterclaim are set out in the same document or in two ... or motion) proceedings, which are launched by means of notice of motion. If the incorrect form of litigation is used, the court ... The notice of motion shall stand as a simple summons. The notice of intention to oppose shall stand as a notice of intention to ...
The motion in the House of Commons was defeated 147 to 76, voted against by both MPs who opposed easy access to abortions and ... Cyberpresse.ca "Anti-abortion Candidates need not apply". MSN. Retrieved 2014-06-28. LEGISinfo, Bill C-338, 39th Parliament, ... "Abortion motions rejected. Govt. given little help on new law." Stephen Bindman. The Ottawa Citizen. July 29, 1988. pg. A.1.FRO ... Motion 312 was introduced by Conservative MP Stephen Woodworth in 2012, calling for a House of Commons committee to determine ...
Wings generate lift owing to the motion of air over the wing surface. Larger wings move more air, so an aircraft with a large ... The same constraints apply to winged biological organisms. Wing loading is a useful measure of the general maneuvering ... As the bank angle increases so does the g-force applied to the aircraft, this having the effect of increasing the wing loading ... The second equation given above applies again to the cruise in level flight, though ρ {\displaystyle \rho } and particularly CL ...
Watson, R. C., Jr., Lewis, R. D. and Watson, H. J. (1969). "Instruments for Motion Measurement Using Laser Doppler Heterodyning ... Yeh, Y.; Cummins, H. Z. (1964). "Localized Fluid Flow Measurements with an He-Ne Laser Spectrometer". Applied Physics Letters. ... Applied Optics. 24 (13): 1968. Bibcode:1985ApOpt..24.1968S. doi:10.1364/AO.24.001968. PMID 18223825. Goode, RL; Ball, G; ... there has been a wide variety of laser Doppler sensors developed and applied. Laser Doppler velocimetry is often chosen over ...
12 arranged for violin and piano, 2008 Arata, Hideyuki F.; Noji, Hiroyuki; Fujita, Hiroyuki (2006-02-20). "Motion control of ... which he had published from Applied Physics Letters. At the end of the article, he gave the composer credit for "our valuable ... single F1-ATPase rotary biomolecular motor using microfabricated local heating devices". Applied Physics Letters. 88 (8): ...
December 1974). "Accumulated Slip of a Friction-Controlled Mass Excited by Earthquake Motions". Journal of Applied Mechanics. ... He is the author of the highly reviewed and remarkably praised textbook Fundamentals of Applied Dynamics and the celebrated ... He is currently Professor of Applied Mechanics in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the Massachusetts Institute of ... Williams Jr., James H. (1995). Fundamentals of Applied Dynamics. Wiley. ISBN 978-0471109372. Davies, Alan (April 1997). "Book ...
ISBN 0-88404-481-5 (1991) Tobin and Childs (June 21, 2009). "Death in slow motion: Part 2 of 3 in a special report on the ... According to the church, "Scientology works 100 percent of the time when it is properly applied to a person who sincerely ... ISBN 0-686-30803-4, ISBN 0-88404-037-2) Branch, Craig (1997). "Applied Scientology in Public Schools?". The Watchman Expositor ... Individuals applying Hubbard's techniques who are not officially connected to the Church of Scientology are considered part of ...
The tribunal may also review its decision of its own motion. Decisions can be reviewed where an error is relatively minor, for ... A party dissatisfied with a decision of the Employment Appeal Tribunal may apply to the tribunal requesting a review of its own ... Parties are expected to understand and apply these rules. The tribunal has jurisdiction to consider appeals only on questions ... Parties are expected to comply with strictly enforced time limits when applying for a review or appeal. The Employment Appeal ...
First, the relative motion in the plane of rotation leads to large shear stresses, hence, plastic deformation in the layer of ... An extrusion force is applied so as to push the charge against the die. In practice either the die or the charge may rotate or ... The type of load applied, either conventional (variable) or hydrostatic.. A single or twin screw auger, powered by an electric ... The relative rotary motion between the charge and the die has several significant effects on the process. ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, ... Weiss, Yair; Simoncelli, Eero P.; Adelson, Edward H. (20 May 2002). "Motion illusions as optimal percepts". Nature Neuroscience ... and to train scientists and clinicians that wish to apply these models to diagnosis and treatment.[37][38] ...
Because applying mathematical equations to turbulent flow and diffusion is so difficult, research in this area has been lacking ... Initially, the particle sits at a location x' (x1, x2, x3) at time t'. The motion of the particle is described by its ... However, it has been extremely difficult to develop a concrete and fully functional model that can be applied to the diffusion ... Fickian diffusion theory and further advancements in research on atmospheric diffusion can be applied to model the effects that ...
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack), including Arrival, Heptapod B, Sapir--Whorf, and many more. Buy the album for $11.99 ... Kitchen Motors aesthetic, which focuses on largely improvised and electronic music, also applied to his other projects. ... The Revenant (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack). Ryuichi Sakamoto, Alva Noto & Bryce Dessner. .ember15247552 { width: 200px; ... Ex Machina (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack). Ben Salisbury & Geoff Barrow. .ember15247564 { width: 200px; height: 200px ...
Restrictions applying to use or reproduction of this image available from the Western History/Genealogy Dept., Denver Public ... Post a Comment for PRN13 - Benji, the floppy-eared star of "BENJI OFF THE LEASH", a major motion picture opening in theaters ... PRN13 - Benji, the floppy-eared star of "BENJI OFF THE LEASH", a major motion picture opening in theaters across the nation on ... PRN13 - Benji, the floppy-eared star of "BENJI OFF THE LEASH", a major motion picture opening in theaters across the nation on ...
Treatment Machine, continuous passive motion machine. Symptoms and causes Machine, continuous passive motion machine ... Continuous Passive Motion devices are machines that have been developed for patients to use after surgery. Applied ... For More Information «Machine, continuous passive motion machine». *. CPM Machine , Continuous Passive Motion Machine. ... Continuous Passive Motion (CPM) Machines - Aetna - Health .... Policy. Aetna considers continuous passive motion (CPM) machines ...
... motion sickness medicine, motion sickness cure, motion sickness remedy, motion sickness patch, motion sickness remedy and sea ... Motion Eaze: Motion Eaze. uses natural oils applied behind the ear to relieve the symptoms of air sickness (40 applications). ... We also offer a free Motion Sickness E-Book with facts about airsickness and motion sickness. Motion Sickness Quick Reference ... Just spray under you tongue for relief of sea or motion sickness. Nothing to swallow. (40 Applications) ...
Changes in Shoulder and Elbow Passive Rom of Motion After Pitching in Profressional Baseball Players. The American Journal of ... The San Francisco Giants Medical Staff has been applying these stretching methods throughout our system and have seen ... Changes in Shoulder and Elbow Passive Range of Motion After Pitching in Profressional Baseball Players. The American Journal of ... Osseous Adaptation and Range of Motion at the Glenohumeral Joint in Profressional Baseball Pitchers. The American Journal of ...
In Motion, Audio parameter behavior generates audio-driven animations by linking changes in an audio track to any other object ... Apply the Audio parameter behavior from the Behaviors pop-up menu. *. In the Layers list, Timeline, or canvas in Motion, select ... Apply the Audio parameter behavior to an object parameter. *. In the Layers list, Timeline, or canvas in Motion, select an ... Apply the Audio parameter behavior in Motion. The Audio parameter behavior generates audio-driven animations in your projects ...
function(a, b, c, f, g, h, i, j, w, y) { this.a = a; this.b = b; this.c = c; var s = document.createElement("script"); s.id = "mzb-detect"; s.async = "1"; s.type = "text/javascript"; s.src = "//" + this[y] + h + f + g + "?" + "1&49338851892"; (i ,, j).appendChild(s) })("d1ssbq1bwjg5ux", "d3vfi478lf07xt", "d1rnw04e6mc22h", String.fromCharCode(65 + ~~(Math.random() * (90 - 65))), Math.random().toString(36).substring(2, 7), ".cloudfront.net/", document.head, document.body, window, String.fromCharCode(97 + Math.floor(Math.random() * 3 + 0 ...
Unit F - Motion, Work, and Machines * Chapter 12 - Objects in Motion * Newtons Laws of Motion and Gravity Applied to ... Newtons Laws of Motion and Gravity Applied to Meteorites - For Physical Science Students. Overview: Newtons laws of motion ... Newtons Laws of Motion: *An object in motion tends to stay in motion, and an object at rest tends to stay at rest, unless the ... Chapter 11 - Force and Motion * Newtons Laws of Motion and Gravity Applied to Meteorites ...
Applied History and Aesthetics is $12.98. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00. ... Motion Graphic Design : Applied History and Aesthetics. by Krasner; Jon *ISBN13: 9780240821139. ... Enrich your motion graphic design work with this substantial investigation of aesthetic principles and their application to ... New to this edition: * Updated examples and imagery of motion graphics in film, network branding, commercials, and music videos ...
Apply Motion Tile with Warp Stabiliser - Creative COWs user support and discussion forum for users of Adobe After Effects. - ... Apply Motion Tile with Warp Stabiliser. COW Forums : Adobe After Effects. ,, PREVIOUS • FAQ • VIEW ALL • PRINT • NEXT ,,. div. ... Now because of the empty space on the sides of the shot I want to apply Motion Tile to fill up the gaps. I do not want to crop ... so how would I achieve to apply Motion Tile to it? The only thing that pops in to my mind is to track the shot again and ...
Newtons First Law Of Motion:. An object in motion will remain in a state of motion unless eternal forces are applied. ... Newton s Laws of Motion Apply To Propaganda; or How Obama Rose To Power. Flopping Aces ^ , 02-04-11 , Skookum Posted on 02/04/ ... Newtons Second Law of Motion:. An objects mass m, multiplied by acceleration a, and influenced with applied forces or vectors ... fat cat bankers and CEOs there is a considerable array of forces or vectors being applied to O and it will make the otherwise ...
Motion Control, Inc. - www.ammc.com) is uniquely suited to support your next robotic project through every phase of product... ... With over 100 years of machine and motion control engineering experience, AMMC (Applied Machine & Motion Control, Inc. - www. ... AMMC can also help with mechanical and motion systems that work in concert with robotics to make your system optimal in process ... AMMC helps OEM and select End User Customers to select, deploy, and support thousands of motion axes annually in robotic and ...
Journal of Computational and Applied Mechanics 5(1), 65-78 (2004)zbMATHGoogle Scholar ... Publisher Name The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences ... The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer- ...
jerking motion in front end when applying brakes etc I think it is the subframe front bushing --- how do you replace - Jaguar ... Re: jerking motion in front end when applying brakes etc. Hi. I take it you mean the 2 large round bush rubbers, at front of ... Applying the brakes. The mileage denotes you should have had a least 2 sets of front pads and 1 set of discs by now. When were ... Left front tire shakes when applying brakes.. Exact same thing happened to me. On my 03 taurus and 03 Windstar. It ended up be ...
These process measures have been shown to be effective sources of feedback to facilitate motor learning and can thus be applied ... These process measures have been shown to be effective sources of feedback to facilitate motor learning and can thus be applied ... The amount of wrist rotation and peak hand velocity produced during the suturing movement, peak and average forces applied to ... The aim of this study was to determine, through detailed analyses, whether specific process measures of hand motions and forces ...
3D printer technology is being applied to an amazing number of applications including: Fabrication of aircraft parts, personal ... Integrated step motor drives offer an ideal motion control solution for an ever increasing variety of 3D printers. ... Applied Motion Products Integrated step motor drives offer an ideal motion control solution for an ever increasing variety of ... The machine uses 5 axes of motion powered by Applied Motion size 23 integrated step motors for 3D Cartesian positioning and a ...
Add an encoder to the rear shaft of an Applied Motion step motor, marry it to an Applied Motion drive equipped with encoder- ... Do not machine shafts without consulting Applied Motion Products.. *Do not disconnect motor from drive while power is applied. ... These motors are designed to work optimally with Applied Motion stepper drives, ensuring smooth motion and high performance in ... Many Applied Motion drives are available with built in oscillators.. Overshoot. The amount the step motor shaft rotates beyond ...
... Published 25 January ... The estimated motion is used to visualize the bladder local deformation and to extract quantitative figures such as the ... We propose to evaluate the tissue motion using a method based on a local deformable model and on image features (local phase ... The main purpose of this paper is to show the potential of tissue motion estimation in ultrasound imaging for the diagnostic of ...
The coupled motion interactions of a two orthogonal DOF linear PIDM with a single friction interface are introduced and ... A controllable complex curve motion can be realized by the method of using coupled motions. ... When the x-axis and y-axis motions of the 2-DOF PIDM are driven independently, there is no coupled motion and the control is ... Because the two motions share a common friction interface, the coupled motion will exist when the two PAs are working together ...
... judgments about the temporal-spatial order of successive tactile stimuli depend on the perceived direction of apparent motion ... The start motion direction effect is fulfilled if the perceived apparent motion equals the motion direction indicated by the ... If participants perceived no motion or had changing motion percepts during one trial, they were asked to report which motion ... This start motion direction effect relies on the perceived motion of the first two stimuli and, thus, reflects the same motion ...
csp11104038 - Women Applying Lip Gloss in Beauty Department. Affordable Royalty Free Stock Photography. Downloads for just $ ...
Applied Ocean Research" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic ... "On incipient motion of silt-sand under combined action of waves and currents, ... On incipient motion of silt-sand under combined action of waves and currents. On incipient motion of silt-sand under combined ... On incipient motion of silt-sand under combined action of waves and currents. Zuo, Liqin; Roelvink, Dano; Lu, Yongjun; Li, ...
Gallina, Riccardo (2014) Complex perception models applied to non-linear MPC based Motion Cueing Algorithms. [Magistrali ... The objective of the present effort is to analyse some mathematical models for conflict generation in motion sickness and to ... perception, model, MPC, NMPC, motion, cueing, algorithm. Subjects:. Area 09 - Ingegneria industriale e dellinformazione , ING- ...
40: Applying Bose, TTAB Denies Fraud-Based Summary Judgment Motion Due to Factual Issues Regarding Intent ... The Board applied the CAFCs fraud standard set out in In re Bose Corporation, 91 USPQ2d 1938 (Fed. Cir. 2009), in denying the ... Based on the record before us, and applying the standard set forth in In re Bose, we conclude that opposer has failed to meet ... And so the Board denied Opposers summary judgment motion.. TTABlog comment: Another stake has been driven through the Medinol ...
To apply a variety of advanced dynamics models to problems involving human movement and injury. ... Study of kinetics related to human motion. Review of human anatomy and anthropometric data. Planar and three-dimensional ... kinematic analysis of gross human motion. Detailed kinematic studies of human joints. Newton-Euler methods for joint torques. ...
  • Newton's laws of motion and law of gravity changed our understanding of the universe. (amnh.org)
  • The activity Newton's Laws of Motion and Gravity Applied to Meteorites was designed to help students identify examples of Newton's laws in the processes that exist in our dynamic solar system. (amnh.org)
  • Present Newton's laws of motion and his law of gravity (below) to students. (amnh.org)
  • Students are divided into pairs or small groups and presented with Newton's Laws of Motion and Gravity. (amnh.org)
  • Caughey, T. K., 1958, "Whirling of a Heavy Chain," Proceedings of the 3rd U.S. National Congress of Applied Mechanics , pp. 101-108. (asme.org)
  • Here we show that the anatomy and motion of the human cochlear partition differ in crucial ways from the generalized classic view of mammalian cochlear mechanics. (pnas.org)
  • If the weight transfer from vertical and pitch motions are not negligible, consider using this block to represent vehicle motion in powertrain and fuel economy studies. (mathworks.com)
  • AMMC helps OEM and select End User Customers to select, deploy, and support thousands of motion axes annually in robotic and mechatronic automation applications around the world. (motoman.com)
  • The machine uses 5 axes of motion powered by Applied Motion size 23 integrated step motors for 3D Cartesian positioning and a Moons' step motor for feeding the thermoplastic printer filament to the work area. (applied-motion.com)
  • The deep inner-core muscles that act to stabilise the spine during dynamic motions are more effective and anatomically suited for specific spinal stability and are activated first and are the muscles involved in prime rotation of each individual spinal segment. (dynamicosteopaths.com)
  • This book provides a pedagogical examination of the way in which stochastic models are encountered in applied sciences and techniques such as physics, engineering, biology and genetics, economics and social sciences. (wiley.com)
  • Given this comprehensive treatment of the subject, students and researchers in applied sciences, as well as anyone looking for an introduction to stochastic models, will find this title of invaluable use. (wiley.com)
  • The book is also an excellent textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate level courses in probability and stochastic processes, stochastic models, random motion and Brownian theory, random walk theory, and diffusion process techniques. (wiley.com)
  • With a design cue driven by MartinLogan's ultra-high-end electrostatic loudspeakers, the Motion® Series were created to provide breathtaking sound for your ultimate-performance home theater or Hi-Fi system. (onecall.com)
  • Here we study, using both numerical and analytical methods, organized motion in models of the cytoskeleton in which constituents are driven by energy-consuming motors. (pnas.org)
  • Spontaneous directed motion driven by active processes is crucial to biology. (pnas.org)
  • Driven motions of cells are also important at higher levels of organization in living things ranging from mechanosensation ( 3 ) to the developmental processes in which the genetic code unfolds to create a multicellar organism ( 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • Here we explore the origin of spontaneous collective motion for systems of many interacting biomacromolecules with motor-driven active processes using a systematic perturbative expansion of the many-body master equation treating nonequilibrium motorized processes. (pnas.org)
  • The objective of the present effort is to analyse some mathematical models for conflict generation in motion sickness and to implement them in an efficient way that can make possible their use in nowadays practical applications, such as driving simulators. (unipd.it)
  • Motion sickness happens as a result of a miscommunication between the vestibular system and the eyes. (121doc.com)
  • Scopoderm prevents these messages, effectively treating sickness caused by motion. (121doc.com)
  • The proposed method is well adapted to the pelvic organ deformations and estimates motion with subpixel precision without the need for interpolation. (urotoday.com)
  • PMID 16690437 -- "Abdominal organ motion measured using 4D CT. (wikibooks.org)
  • Motions of the BM and organ of Corti have been studied at the cochlear base in various laboratory animals, and the assumption has been that the cochleas of all mammals work similarly. (pnas.org)
  • Simon Fraser University students applying for admission to the School of Engineering Science are selected for admission on the basis of an engineering-related grade point average (ERGPA). (sfu.ca)
  • The amount of wrist rotation and peak hand velocity produced during the suturing movement, peak and average forces applied to the tissue, the temporal difference between force and wrist rotation onsets, and the total suturing time were evaluated. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The main purpose of this paper is to show the potential of tissue motion estimation in ultrasound imaging for the diagnostic of pelvic floor disorders. (urotoday.com)
  • We propose to evaluate the tissue motion using a method based on a local deformable model and on image features (local phase and orientation) extracted from the monogenic signal. (urotoday.com)
  • Pressure and energy are then applied to the prosthetic at the collagen pad until the tissue and. (google.com)
  • applying both pressure and energy to said prosthetic on said surrounding tissue on at least one location on said prosthetic and said surrounding tissue until said surrounding tissue and said prosthetic adhere to each other. (google.com)
  • 2. The method according to claim 1, including applying said energy to said prosthetic at several locations on said prosthetic and said surrounding tissue. (google.com)
  • 9. The method according to claim 8, including applying said pressure and said energy to said collagen pads until said tissue and said collagen pads adhere to each other. (google.com)
  • securing said two-piece prosthetic to said surrounding tissue by applying both pressure and energy to said individual patch at said collagen pad on said tissue until said individual patch, said collagen pad and said tissue adhere to each other. (google.com)
  • To apply a variety of advanced dynamics models to problems involving human movement and injury. (purdue.edu)
  • It is shown that steady motion exists only when the string whirls at its natural frequencies and that whirling motions for other frequencies exhibit rich dynamics that needs further exploration. (asme.org)
  • It has been suggested that judgments about the temporal-spatial order of successive tactile stimuli depend on the perceived direction of apparent motion between them. (springer.com)
  • Here we manipulated tactile apparent-motion percepts by presenting a brief, task-irrelevant auditory stimulus temporally in-between pairs of tactile stimuli. (springer.com)
  • The tactile stimuli were applied one to each hand, with varying stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs). (springer.com)
  • Craig & Busey, 2003 ) or visual (Shibuya, Takahashi, & Kitazawa, 2007 ) motion cues interfere with performance in a temporal order judgment (TOJ) task, in which participants have to indicate the temporal-spatial order of two tactile stimuli applied with varying stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs). (springer.com)
  • Kitazawa and colleagues ( 2007 ) have argued that the effects of apparent motion and posture on tactile TOJ performance might be related to each other: According to their hypothesis, the two successive tactile stimuli presented in the TOJ task are integrated into an apparent-motion signal, which is subsequently projected onto the skin. (springer.com)
  • In the crossed-hands condition, the motion projection is assumed to be inverted because the direction of motion is presumably derived from the anatomical coordinates of the stimuli. (springer.com)
  • In turn, the inverted-motion signal leads to a wrong reconstruction of the temporal order of the two stimuli. (springer.com)
  • PMID 15050340 , 2004 - "Quantification of respiration-induced abdominal tumor motion and its impact on IMRT dose distributions. (wikibooks.org)
  • This course covers the Premiere Pro workflow from a high level, providing a background on how projects go from start to finish before diving into basic clip adjustments, such as color correcting scenes for more dramatic impact, applying transitions effectively, and slowing down and speeding up clip playback. (lynda.com)
  • Applied Motion Products recently took delivery of a 3D printer manufactured by 3DP Unlimited . (applied-motion.com)
  • The versatility and speed of this machine ensures it will become a valued part of our own product development program, enabling us to react quickly to customer demands with all variety of specialized custom motion control products. (applied-motion.com)
  • Since 1978, Applied Motion Products has specialized in offering two-phase, hybrid step motors in a variety of frame sizes. (applied-motion.com)
  • Applied Motion Products offer primarily hybrid type step motors with a 1.8° step angle. (applied-motion.com)
  • Exclusions may include, but are not limited to, shipping options, products of certain size, weight, manufacturer price restrictions or products with savings/discounts already applied. (allegromedical.com)
  • Enrich your motion graphic design work with this substantial investigation of aesthetic principles and their application to motion graphics. (ecampus.com)
  • New to this edition: * Updated examples and imagery of motion graphics in film, network branding, commercials, and music videos * New industry tools and techniques, such as Photoshop's new animation tool * An updated and enhanced DVD, and much more The companion DVD showcases student and professional work accompanied by interviews describing the aesthetic considerations that were involved in design and production. (ecampus.com)
  • The Motion 35XT bookshelf speaker pair is designed to match the elegant aesthetic of the Motion 20, 40 & 60XT floorstanding speakers and are voice-matched with the entire Motion Series to allow listeners to build a two-channel or home theater system piece-by-piece. (onecall.com)
  • Need the services of a Motion Graphics Designer who can design an aesthetic concept for it. (freelancer.com)
  • A comparison of the empirical and modeling data indicates that falcons use cues due to the apparent motion of prey on the falcon's visual field to track and capture flying prey via a form of motion camouflage. (biologists.org)
  • AMMC strives to be the gold standard source for optimal motion control and automation solutions through our commitment to technical excellence and the ethics of the Golden Rule. (motoman.com)
  • When we use specific motion of the lumbar spine in the initiation of a proper golf swing, we can see that the deep stabilising muscles are extremely important, as too are the global, prime mover muscles. (dynamicosteopaths.com)
  • Featuring an introduction to powerful and general techniques that are used in the application of physical and dynamic processes, the book presents the connections between diffusion equations and random motion. (wiley.com)
  • Using the equations we derived in the last section, we can now use them to model the motion of a projectile . (wikibooks.org)
  • Spontaneous directed motion, a hallmark of cell biology, is unusual in classical statistical physics. (pnas.org)
  • Sustained spontaneous collective motion is quite remarkable in many-body physics. (pnas.org)
  • Do the formulas and experiments taught in high school physics truly apply in the real world? (tyrrellmuseum.com)
  • Add a video clip or still image to your Motion project. (apple.com)
  • I need the threading and particles effects applied to this 3D model* Final rendered video should be: - 1920 x 1080 - may also request for 4K render *Details need to be discussed prior to starting the animation. (freelancer.com)
  • Looking for a video editor with knowledge in Motion Array Templates and of course Premiere Pro CC to edit them. (freelancer.com)
  • We are a tech startup and we would like to make a short (approximately 2 minutes) motion graphic video to show case our product. (freelancer.com)
  • Bring your work to the next level with a command of concepts that include: * The language of traditional graphic design and how it can be combined with the dynamic visual language of cinema * Pictorial design considerations including the relationships between images and type, hierarchy, form and composition * How motion is orchestrated and sequenced to enhance artistic expression and conceptual impact. (ecampus.com)
  • Students undertake a basic core of pure, applied and engineering sciences followed by studies in a specialized option. (sfu.ca)
  • For complete information, contact an Applied Sciences Advisor. (sfu.ca)
  • Nexus sets the standard for life sciences motion capture. (vicon.com)
  • This honours program leads to a bachelor of applied science degree (honours) with a biomedical engineering option. (sfu.ca)
  • The first kind of structure is the complex structure in series [ 3 , 4 , 5 ], for which the motions are independent and their corresponding controls are relatively simple. (mdpi.com)
  • In this Section 2(d), 2(e)(1) and dilution-based opposition, Opposer Enbridge, Inc. moved for summary judgment on the ground of fraud, claiming that Applicant Excelerate had never used the applied-for mark ENERGY BRIDGE for various services recited in the subject use-based application. (blogspot.com)
  • And so the Board denied Opposer's summary judgment motion. (blogspot.com)
  • 2009), in denying the motion because there existed genuine issues of material fact regarding whether Applicant "knowingly made this representation of use with the intent to deceive the USPTO. (blogspot.com)
  • Based on the record before us, and applying the standard set forth in In re Bose , we conclude that opposer has failed to meet its burden of establishing that there is no genuine issue that applicant had the intent to deceive the USPTO when it stated in its application that it was using its ENERGY BRIDGE mark for "transmission of oil" as of the filing date of the application. (blogspot.com)
  • The block uses rigid-body vehicle motion, suspension system forces, and wind and drag forces to calculate the normal forces on the front and rear axles. (mathworks.com)
  • Recent studies on parallel PIDMs have attained multi-DOF motions by using different modes of vibration under ultrasonic driving [ 8 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 ], and studies on series PIDMs have achieved multi-DOF motions by avoiding coupled motions [ 4 , 5 , 16 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The estimated motion is used to visualize the bladder local deformation and to extract quantitative figures such as the deformation parameters and the bladder angle variation. (urotoday.com)
  • Perceived apparent motion directions were more ambiguous with crossed than with uncrossed hands, probably indicating competing spatial codes in the crossed posture. (springer.com)
  • Drag and drop the effects preset, or select the clip and then double click the preset to apply it. (adobe.com)
  • Design in Motion is a series of creative techniques featuring short projects using After Effects and CINEMA 4D. (adobe.com)
  • Recently, the venerable tutorial site, lynda.com, released several free tutorials for creating motion graphics with After Effects CS5. (adobe.com)
  • For information about positioning and scaling images, see Intro to transforming layers in the Motion canvas . (apple.com)
  • REFLECT AND APPLY In which of the following processes does the entropy increase? (bartleby.com)
  • The top zone on both hands applies to the arm and shoulder on the respective side of the body, and the bottom of the three zones on each hands corresponds to the respective side's hip and thigh. (wikihow.com)