Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.
A generic grouping for dihydric alcohols with the hydroxy groups (-OH) located on different carbon atoms. They are viscous liquids with high boiling points for their molecular weights.
An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and colorless liquids. Some are used as anesthetics or hypnotics. However, the class is best known for their use as a coolant or antifreeze.
A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Derivatives of propylene glycol (1,2-propanediol). They are used as humectants and solvents in pharmaceutical preparations.
Water swollen, rigid, 3-dimensional network of cross-linked, hydrophilic macromolecules, 20-95% water. They are used in paints, printing inks, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).
4-carbon straight chain aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl groups cannot be on the same carbon atom.
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Substances that provide protection against the harmful effects of freezing temperatures.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Relating to the size of solids.
Agents that are used to stimulate evacuation of the bowels.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID which contain an hydroxy group attached to the methyl carbon.
The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications.
Uptake of substances through the SKIN.
Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
A carrier or inert medium used as a solvent (or diluent) in which the medicinally active agent is formulated and or administered. (Dictionary of Pharmacy, 1986)
The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.
A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.
The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.
The branch of medicine concerned with the application of NANOTECHNOLOGY to the prevention and treatment of disease. It involves the monitoring, repair, construction, and control of human biological systems at the molecular level, using engineered nanodevices and NANOSTRUCTURES. (From Freitas Jr., Nanomedicine, vol 1, 1999).
(T-4)-Osmium oxide (OsO4). A highly toxic and volatile oxide of osmium used in industry as an oxidizing agent. It is also used as a histological fixative and stain and as a synovectomy agent in arthritic joints. Its vapor can cause eye, skin, and lung damage.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Nanometer-sized, hollow, spherically-shaped objects that can be utilized to encapsulate small amounts of pharmaceuticals, enzymes, or other catalysts (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechnology, 4th ed).
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
An enzyme which catalyzes an endonucleolytic cleavage near PYRIMIDINE DIMERS to produce a 5'-phosphate product. The enzyme acts on the damaged DNA strand, from the 5' side of the damaged site.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The formation of a solid in a solution as a result of a chemical reaction or the aggregation of soluble substances into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.
Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.
Tree-like, highly branched, polymeric compounds. They grow three-dimensionally by the addition of shells of branched molecules to a central core. The overall globular shape and presence of cavities gives potential as drug carriers and CONTRAST AGENTS.
A polyester used for absorbable sutures & surgical mesh, especially in ophthalmic surgery. 2-Hydroxy-propanoic acid polymer with polymerized hydroxyacetic acid, which forms 3,6-dimethyl-1,4-dioxane-dione polymer with 1,4-dioxane-2,5-dione copolymer of molecular weight about 80,000 daltons.
Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)
Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Deacetylated CHITIN, a linear polysaccharide of deacetylated beta-1,4-D-glucosamine. It is used in HYDROGEL and to treat WOUNDS.
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
A highly polar organic liquid, that is used widely as a chemical solvent. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect tissue during CRYOPRESERVATION. Dimethyl sulfoxide shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation.
The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Usually inert substances added to a prescription in order to provide suitable consistency to the dosage form. These include binders, matrix, base or diluent in pills, tablets, creams, salves, etc.
A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
Process of applying for employment. It includes written application for employment or personal appearance.
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.
Materials fabricated by BIOMIMETICS techniques, i.e., based on natural processes found in biological systems.
Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.
Cell growth support structures composed of BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. They are specially designed solid support matrices for cell attachment in TISSUE ENGINEERING and GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION uses.
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
A group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria. Dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants. They are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A diphenylmethane stimulant laxative used for the treatment of CONSTIPATION and for bowel evacuation. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p871)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; FLUORESCENCE IMAGING; and MICROSCOPY.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
Agents counteracting or neutralizing the action of POISONS.
Manufacturing technology for making microscopic devices in the micrometer range (typically 1-100 micrometers), such as integrated circuits or MEMS. The process usually involves replication and parallel fabrication of hundreds or millions of identical structures using various thin film deposition techniques and carried out in environmentally-controlled clean rooms.
Dosage forms of a drug that act over a period of time by controlled-release processes or technology.
A trace element that constitutes about 27.6% of the earth's crust in the form of SILICON DIOXIDE. It does not occur free in nature. Silicon has the atomic symbol Si, atomic number 14, and atomic weight [28.084; 28.086].
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
The introduction of functional (usually cloned) GENES into cells. A variety of techniques and naturally occurring processes are used for the gene transfer such as cell hybridization, LIPOSOMES or microcell-mediated gene transfer, ELECTROPORATION, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, TRANSFECTION, and GENETIC TRANSDUCTION. Gene transfer may result in genetically transformed cells and individual organisms.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is an intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. It is used as a solvent, emollient, pharmaceutical agent, and sweetening agent.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.
DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.
Nanometer sized fragments of semiconductor crystalline material which emit PHOTONS. The wavelength is based on the quantum confinement size of the dot. They can be embedded in MICROBEADS for high throughput ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Strongly cationic polymer that binds to certain proteins; used as a marker in immunology, to precipitate and purify enzymes and lipids. Synonyms: aziridine polymer; Epamine; Epomine; ethylenimine polymer; Montrek; PEI; Polymin(e).
Semisolid preparations used topically for protective emollient effects or as a vehicle for local administration of medications. Ointment bases are various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
Chemical reaction in which monomeric components are combined to form POLYMERS (e.g., POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE).
Computer programs or software installed on mobile electronic devices which support a wide range of functions and uses which include television, telephone, video, music, word processing, and Internet service.
The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.
Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to an ethanolamine moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and ethanolamine and 2 moles of fatty acids.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Colloids formed by the combination of two immiscible liquids such as oil and water. Lipid-in-water emulsions are usually liquid, like milk or lotion. Water-in-lipid emulsions tend to be creams. The formation of emulsions may be aided by amphiphatic molecules that surround one component of the system to form MICELLES.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Methods for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro.
The thermodynamic interaction between a substance and WATER.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
The properties and processes of materials that affect their behavior under force.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Serum albumin from cows, commonly used in in vitro biological studies. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Silicone polymers which consist of silicon atoms substituted with methyl groups and linked by oxygen atoms. They comprise a series of biocompatible materials used as liquids, gels or solids; as film for artificial membranes, gels for implants, and liquids for drug vehicles; and as antifoaming agents.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
Electron microscopy in which the ELECTRONS or their reaction products that pass down through the specimen are imaged below the plane of the specimen.
Methods utilizing the principles of MICROFLUIDICS for sample handling, reagent mixing, and separation and detection of specific components in fluids.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.
The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.
An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.
Nanometer-sized tubes composed mainly of CARBON. Such nanotubes are used as probes for high-resolution structural and chemical imaging of biomolecules with ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY.
Techniques and strategies which include the use of coding sequences and other conventional or radical means to transform or modify cells for the purpose of treating or reversing disease conditions.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Any device or element which converts an input signal into an output signal of a different form. Examples include the microphone, phonographic pickup, loudspeaker, barometer, photoelectric cell, automobile horn, doorbell, and underwater sound transducer. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.
Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A nonionic polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene block co-polymer with the general formula HO(C2H4O)a(-C3H6O)b(C2H4O)aH. It is available in different grades which vary from liquids to solids. It is used as an emulsifying agent, solubilizing agent, surfactant, and wetting agent for antibiotics. Poloxamer is also used in ointment and suppository bases and as a tablet binder or coater. (Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed)
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Reagents with two reactive groups, usually at opposite ends of the molecule, that are capable of reacting with and thereby forming bridges between side chains of amino acids in proteins; the locations of naturally reactive areas within proteins can thereby be identified; may also be used for other macromolecules, like glycoproteins, nucleic acids, or other.
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.
Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Chemical reactions effected by light.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.
Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.
Completed forms of the pharmaceutical preparation in which prescribed doses of medication are included. They are designed to resist action by gastric fluids, prevent vomiting and nausea, reduce or alleviate the undesirable taste and smells associated with oral administration, achieve a high concentration of drug at target site, or produce a delayed or long-acting drug effect.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
The property of emitting radiation while being irradiated. The radiation emitted is usually of longer wavelength than that incident or absorbed, e.g., a substance can be irradiated with invisible radiation and emit visible light. X-ray fluorescence is used in diagnosis.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
A subclass of IMIDES with the general structure of pyrrolidinedione. They are prepared by the distillation of ammonium succinate. They are sweet-tasting compounds that are used as chemical intermediates and plant growth stimulants.
The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
... is a processing technique to produce fibrous structures from polymer melts for applications that include ... Poly(caprolactone-block-ethylene glycol)[7]. *Polyurethane[16]. These polymers are examples of the most used polymers, and a ... opening up potential applications in 3d printed sensors, soft robotics, and further applications in biofabrication.[21] ... The approach to heating the polymer does vary and includes electrical heaters, heated air and circulating heaters.[3] One ...
Applications include precursors to various plastics and pesticides. Of the three stereoisomers, two are enantiomers (levo- and ... 2,3-Butanediol is the organic compound with the formula (CH3CHOH)2. It is classified as a vic-diol (glycol). It exists as three ... Jansen, Norman B.; Flickinger, Michael C.; Tsao, George T. (1984). "Application of bioenergetics to modelling the microbial ...
The copolymer with PET is known as glycol-modified polyethylene terephthalate, PETG. PETG is used in many fields, including ... Applications[edit]. Via the process called polycondensation, CHDM is a precursor to polyesters. It is one of the most important ... to the non-crystalline copolyesters derived from both ethylene glycol and CHDM. The properties of these polyesters also is ...
Polyols for flexible applications use low functionality initiators such as dipropylene glycol (f = 2), glycerine (f = 3), or a ... Polyurethane foam (including foam rubber) is sometimes made using small amounts of blowing agents to give less dense foam, ... ApplicationsEdit. Main articles: List of polyurethane applications and Polyurethane varnish. In 2007, the global consumption of ... distillation bottoms with glycols such as diethylene glycol. These low molecular weight, aromatic polyester polyols are used in ...
On July 15, 2010, BP announced that it had capped the leaking well, and the application of dispersants by the response effort ... Early products in the line included Corexit 7664 and Corexit 8666. Corexit 9527 is one of the first modern concentrate ... Corexit EC9500A is made mainly of hydrotreated light petroleum distillates, propylene glycol and a proprietary organic ... In February 1969, following application tests in Montreal, Canada, the Imperial Oil company announced that it had equipped its ...
Some applications include *Industrial purpose (plating of metal). *Ingredient in influenza vaccine (Fluzone)[7] ... ethylene glycol, ethyl ether, ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, ethylene dichloride, but unless a coupling agent like oleic ... Other trademarks for very similar compounds include Conco NI, Dowfax 9N, Igepal CO, Makon, Neutronyx 600's, Nonipol NO, ... these two detergents may not be considered to be functionally interchangeable for most applications.[2] Triton X-100 was ...
Butyl glycol. Butyl monoether glycol. EGBE (ethylene glycol monobutyl ether). Dowanol EB. Bane-Clene. Eastman EB solvent. BH-33 ... It is also approved by the U.S. FDA to be used as direct and indirect food additives, which include antimicrobial agents, ... degreaser applications, photographic strip solutions, whiteboard cleaners, liquid soaps, cosmetics, dry cleaning solutions, ... a b c Siegfried Rebsdat, Dieter Mayer "Ethylene Glycol" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim ...
... such as for fire resistance and extreme temperature applications. Some examples include: glycol ethers, organophosphate ester, ... Hydropneumatic suspension - automobile application Oleo strut - aircraft application Osmosis Skydrol Givens W. and Michael P., ... Glycol-ether based fluids are hygroscopic, and absorbed moisture will greatly reduce the boiling point over time. Mineral oil ... This includes use in recoil mechanisms and hydraulic systems for rotating weapons or aiming devices of tactical and support ...
This includes the development of new synthetic pathways, such as controlled radical polymerization and click chemistry, to make ... She developed a range of polyethylene glycol nanoparticles that can be cross-linked using hydrazone and oximes. The choice of ... These systems can be modified to incorporate chemicals for agricultural applications that require controlled delivery. In 2016 ... Maynard has shown it is possible to use the fluorous content of poly(ethylene glycol methyl ether methacrylate), fluorous ...
The product segments are glycols and lignin products. UPM Biomedicals develops biomedical products and applications. UPM ... UPM Biochemicals, UPM Biomedicals and UPM Biocomposites business units are also included in other operations. UPM Biochemicals ... bio-monoethylene glycol (BioMEG) and lignin-based renewable functional fillers. The biorefinery will also produce bio- ... and Formi TP for technical applications. The UPM Formi -material has already been used in the manufacture of a mobile phone ...
Typical reoxidants for this application include pyridine-N-oxide, ferricyanide/water, and N-methylmorpholine N-oxide. As ... which is a primary oxidant converting alkenes to glycols. The spent catalyst is an osmium(VI) complex, which reacts with a ... Application to the Oxidation of Alcohols to Aldehydes and Ketones". Org. Lett. 5: 285-287. doi:10.1021/ol0272444.CS1 maint: ...
Some of them include capsaicin, the active component of chili peppers. Other ingredients are: propylene glycol, alcohol, herbal ... Such lubricants are not intended or recommended for internal application. A small amount of the warming lubricant may be rubbed ...
Typical polyols used are glycols including ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and diethylene glycol; typical acids used are ... Tere and PET-UPR resins are used in many applications including cured-in-place pipe. Lichens have been shown to deteriorate ... If a glycol-modified PET (PET-G) is used, exceptional properties can be imparted to the resin due to some of the exotic ... Additional acids and glycols are then added along with maleic anhydride and a new polymer is produced. The end product is ...
In this application, ethoxylation is known as "PEGylation" (polyethylene oxide is synonymous with polyethylene glycol, ... Examples synthesized on an industrial scale include octyl phenol ethoxylate, polysorbate 80 and poloxamers. Ethoxylation is ... In the usual application, alcohols and phenols are converted into R(OC2H4)nOH where n ranges from 1 to 10. Such compounds are ... Fruijtier-Pölloth, Claudia (2005). "Safety assessment on polyethylene glycols (PEGs) and their derivatives as used in cosmetic ...
... is commonly included in placebo medications used in clinical trials to mimic the bitter taste of certain medications ... The bitterness of the compound guides most applications of denatonium. Denatonium benzoate is used to denature ethanol so that ... Denatonium also discourages consumption of harmful alcohols like methanol, and additives like ethylene glycol. Denatonium is ... It is also added to many kinds of harmful liquids including solvents (such as nail polish remover), paints, varnishes, ...
Polyols for flexible applications use low functionality initiators such as dipropylene glycol (f = 2), glycerine (f = 3), or a ... and are now used in high-temperature oil-filter applications. Polyurethane foam (including foam rubber) is sometimes made using ... glycol, and BASF and Dow Chemical started selling polyalkylene glycols in 1957. Polyether polyols were cheaper, easier to ... distillation bottoms with glycols such as diethylene glycol. These low molecular weight, aromatic polyester polyols are used in ...
The system has success in many applications including natural gas. It is possible to have interference from glycol, methanol, ... Gas or liquid measurement applications include dry air, hydrocarbon processing, pure semiconductor gases, bulk pure gases, ... There are many applications where trace moisture measurements are necessary for manufacturing and process quality assurance. ... Contamination from oils, liquids or glycols on the windings will cause drift in the readings and damage to the sensor. The ...
Typical applications include vacuum and atmospheric crude oil fractionators, FCC main fractionators and TEG contactors. The ... The packing additionally finds use in the manufacture of styrene monomer and the dehydration of glycol in natural gas ... Structured packing is formed from corrugated sheets of perforated embossed metal, plastic (including PTFE) or wire gauze. The ... These characteristics tend to show significant performance benefits in low pressure and low irrigation rate applications. ...
Emmons went on to discuss the preparation of trifluoroperacetic acid and numerous applications of the new reagent, including: ... or to glycols (without the buffer). Emmons, William D.; Ferris, Arthur F. (1953). "Oxidation Reactions with Pertrifluoroacetic ... an observation which pioneered the applications of this peroxy acid as an oxidising agent in organic chemistry. ...
It also included a start-up boiler to enable the steam turbines to be used to start the gas turbines. Construction of the Salt ... In early applications, Dow typically used gas turbine exhaust as pre-heated "air" for fully fired boilers. Supercharging fans ... The glycol cooler was used for hydrogen-cooled generator,which was standard scope before availability of large air-cooled ... With gear driven generator, the W251 could be used in 50 Hz as well as 60 Hz applications. From the earliest of its heavy-duty ...
With such high mechanical resilience, the properties of rec1-Resilin can be applied to other clinical applications within the ... Semi-synthetic resilin-based hydrogels, which incorporate poly(ethylene glycols), have also been reported. elastin: a ... composed of recombinant resilins have been utilized as tissue engineering scaffolds for mechanically-active tissues including ... Recombinant resilins have been studied for potential application in the fields of biomedical engineering and medicine. In ...
Current synthetic polymers with excellent 3D printability and in vivo tissue compatibility, include polyethylene glycol (PEG), ... An application of PU would be inanimate artificial hearts, however, using the existing 3D bioprinters this polymer cannot be ... including those to treat cancer. An additional impact of organ printing includes the ability to rapidly create tissue models, ... Extrusion bioprinting includes the consistent statement of a specific printing fabric and cell line from an extruder, a sort of ...
For example, the U.S. FDA allows propylene glycol to be added to a large number of processed foods, including ice cream, frozen ... They are used today for a variety of applications, including automobiles, but there are lower-toxicity alternatives made with ... Ethylene glycol has desirable thermal properties, including a high boiling point, low freezing point, stability over a wide ... Propylene glycol methyl ether is used as an antifreeze in diesel engines. It is more volatile than glycol.[1] ...
Ethylene glycol (antifreeze) poisoning[edit]. Cats can succumb quickly from ethylene glycol poisoning, after ingesting as ... Topics include infectious and genetic diseases, diet and nutrition and non-therapeutic surgical procedures such as neutering ... application of minoxidil (Rogaine) to the skin of cats, either accidentally or by well-meaning owners attempting to counter ... The ASPCA lists some common sources of toxins[16] that pets encounter, including: plants,[17] human medications and cosmetics,[ ...
Common cosolvents for this purpose are ethanol, propylene glycol, glycerine, glycofural, and polyethylene glycols. The effect ... One such application is in the processing of polymer solar cells, where cosolvents have been recognized as being important ... These methods include cosolvency, hydrotropism, complexation, ionization, and using surface active agents. The most pervasive ... Cosolvents find applications also in environmental chemistry and are known as effective countermeasures against pollutant non- ...
Examples include cellulose, methyl cellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone and polyethylene glycol. Tablet coatings protect tablet ... polyethylene glycol (PEG)... Binders are classified according to their application: Solution binders are dissolved in a solvent ... Examples include silica gel, fumed silica, talc, and magnesium carbonate. However, some silica gel Glidants such as Syloid(R) ... An excipient is a substance formulated alongside the active ingredient of a medication, included for the purpose of long-term ...
These include the use of polyethylene glycol (PEG) in click chemistry to form hydrogels that degrade selectively in response to ... Kiick has shown it is possible to selectively release small molecule cargo with a tuned release for applications in targeted ... Her awards and honours include: 2003 National Science Foundation CAREER Award 2004 University of Delaware Francis Alison Young ... Lectureship 2019 Fulbright Program Scholar 2019 Elected a fellow of the National Academy of Inventors Her publications include ...
Application of propylene glycol is another treatment method. Retinoids are used for some conditions. Exposure to sunlight may ... Ichthyosis or ichthyosis-like disorders exist for several types of animals, including cattle, chickens, llamas, mice, and dogs ... Treatments for ichthyosis often take the form of topical application of creams and emollient oils, in an attempt to hydrate the ...
The acid catalysts include phosphoric acid and several solid acids. Here an example reaction mechanism of the hydration of 1- ... Several million tons of ethylene glycol are produced annually by the hydration of oxirane, a cyclic compound also known as ... Hydration is an important process in many other applications; one example is the production of Portland cement by the ... "Ethylene Glycol". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a10_101. Marc ...
Industrial application[edit]. One major industrial application involves use of activated carbon in metal finishing for ... Fullerenes, including C60 (buckminsterfullerene), C70, Fullerene whiskers, Nanotubes, Nanobuds, Nanoscrolls) ... ethanol or ethylene glycol.[6] Activated carbon will not prevent these chemicals from being absorbed into the human body.[7] It ... Environmental applications[edit]. Activated carbon is usually used in water filtration systems. In this illustration, the ...
Water-soluble organic fluxes tend to contain vehicles based on high-boiling polyols - glycols, diethylene glycol and higher ... This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding ... A common application of ultrasound fluxing is in tinning of passive parts (active parts do not cope well with the mechanical ... glycols, or chloride and bromide ions) can diffuse into its matrix; e.g. water-soluble fluxes containing polyethylene glycol ...
While diverse applications exist for organosilanes, silane itself has one dominant application, as a precursor to elemental ... "Silanes" refers to many compounds with four substituents on silicon, including an organosilicon compound. Examples include ... The possible products include SiH4 and/or higher molecules in the homologous series SinH2n+2, a polymeric silicon hydride, or a ...
... antidotes exist; examples include capsazepine, ruthenium red, and other TRPV1 antagonists.[medical citation needed ... "How your gun permit applications are considered". blog.anta.net. 2007-10-21. ISSN 1797-1993. Archived from the original on 2008 ... An emulsifier such as propylene glycol is used to suspend OC in water, and pressurized to make it aerosol in pepper spray. High ... On 14 March 2012, an individual "dressed in black including a black scarf wrapped around his or her face" entered the public ...
"AustraliaBiofuels.pdf (application/pdf Object)" (PDF). bioenergy.org.nz. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 May 2012. ... Animal fats including tallow, lard, yellow grease, chicken fat,[94] and the by-products of the production of Omega-3 fatty ... and Cargill announced plans to make propylene glycol in Europe from glycerol[80] and Dow Chemical announced similar plans for ... These include: *Virgin oil feedstock - rapeseed and soybean oils are most commonly used, soybean oil [1] accounting for about ...
R.L. Fleischer; P.B. Price; R.M. Walker (1975). Nuclear tracks in solids: Principles and applications. University of California ... Comparison of radiation doses, including the amount detected on the trip from Earth to Mars by the RAD on the MSL (2011 - 2013 ... Trumbore, Susan (2000). Noller, J. S.; J. M. Sowers; W. R. Lettis (eds.). Quaternary Geochronology: Methods and Applications. ... Early speculation on the sources of cosmic rays included a 1934 proposal by Baade and Zwicky suggesting cosmic rays originated ...
Uses and applications[edit]. Antibiotic discovery[edit]. From the 1960s into the 1990s Merck and Co. used a spheroplast screen ... Spheroplasts with recombinant DNA are introduced into the media containing animal cells and are fused by polyethylene glycol ( ... The periplasmic enzymes released during the rupture of E.coli outer cell wall include: an alkaline phosphatase, a cyclic ...
Application in biotechnology[edit]. In some of the aminoacyl tRNA synthetases, the cavity that holds the amino acid can be ... This expands the genetic code, beyond the twenty canonical amino acids found in nature, to include an unnatural amino acid as ... and is caused by a heritable mutation in glycol-tRNA and tyrosyl-tRNA.[15] Diabetes, a metabolic disease, induces oxidative ... Mutations in the mitochondrial enzyme have been associated with a number of genetic disorders including Leigh syndrome, West ...
Chandan, R.C. (2014). Food Processing: Principles and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. pp. 405-435. ISBN 9780470671146. . ... The common stabilizers that are added to sour cream are polysaccharides and gelatin, including modified food starch, guar gum, ... or propylene glycol alginate or any combination thereof in an amount not exceeding 0.5 per cent,[2] monoglycerides, mono- and ... Processed sour cream can include any of the following additives and preservatives: grade A whey, modified food starch, sodium ...
Nucleic acids (including RNA and DNA) are nucleotide polymers synthesized by polymerase enzymes during either transcription or ... ApplicationsEdit. Many laboratory techniques rely on the ability of nucleic acid strands to separate. By understanding the ... propylene glycol, and urea.[22] These chemical denaturing agents lower the melting temperature (Tm) by competing for hydrogen ... by application of some external stress or compound such as a strong acid or base, a concentrated inorganic salt, an organic ...
Other recreational uses that do not involve breathing include pyrotechnic applications, such as George Goble's five-second ... 2 to create ethylene oxide, which, in turn, is converted into ethylene glycol; the primary feeder material used to manufacture ... An application of O. 2 as a low-pressure breathing gas is in modern space suits, which surround their occupant's body with the ... This class of compounds includes the heme proteins hemoglobin and myoglobin.[115] An exotic and unusual reaction occurs with ...
Such a formula might be written using decimal fractions, as in Fe0.95O, or it might include a variable part represented by a ... Ralph S. Petrucci; William S. Harwood; F. Geoffrey Herring (2002). "3". General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applications ( ... These are limited to a single typographic line of symbols, which may include subscripts and superscripts. A chemical formula is ... Hill notation example, from the University of Massachusetts Lowell libraries, including how to sort into Hill system order ...
Applications[edit]. Evacuated tube[edit]. ETSCs can be more useful than other solar collectors during winter season. ETCs can ... Sample designs include a simple glass-topped insulated box with a flat solar absorber made of sheet metal, attached to copper ... Pressurized antifreeze systems use a mix of antifreeze (almost always non-toxic propylene glycol) and water mix for HTF in ... For pool heating applications, the water to be heated is often colder than the ambient roof temperature, at which point the ...
The process is banned in many other countries, including Japan, Singapore, and the European Union.[89][90][91] ... Carbon monoxide is an industrial gas that has many applications in bulk chemicals manufacturing.[82] Large quantities of ... During World War II, a gas mixture including carbon monoxide was used to keep motor vehicles running in parts of the world ... Some descriptions of carbon monoxide poisoning include retinal hemorrhages, and an abnormal cherry-red blood hue.[32] In most ...
... foaming and anti-foaming agents in many practical applications and products, including detergents, fabric softeners, motor oils ... Octaethylene glycol monododecyl ether. *Pentaethylene glycol monododecyl ether. Alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs or APEOs)[edit]. ... Applications Fun Surfactants. Micelles, HLB. Surface rheology, adsorption. Langmuir trough, ellipsometry, Xray, surface ... Applications[edit]. The annual global production of surfactants was 13 million tonnes in 2008.[18] In 2014, the world market ...
In one application an artificial DNA catalyst was prepared by attaching a copper ion to it through a spacer.[42] The copper - ... In fact, many subsequently discovered deoxyribozymes were found to contain the same catalytic core motif as 8-17, including the ... Applications[edit]. Although RNA enzymes were discovered before DNA enzymes, the latter have some distinct advantages. DNA is ... Liu J, Lu Y (2004). "Optimization of a Pb2+-Directed Gold Nanoparticle/DNAzyme Assembly and Its Application as a Colorimetric ...
Ferracane, Jack L. (2001). Materials in Dentistry: Principles and Applications - Jack L. Ferracane - Google Boeken. ISBN ... These situations would include small occlusal restorations, in which amalgam would require the removal of more sound tooth ... Mercury has properties of a bacteriostatic agent whereas certain methacrylate polymers (for example TEGMA, triethylene glycol ... Ferracane, Jack L. (2001). Materials in Dentistry: Principles and Applications. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 3. ISBN 978-0 ...
First, ethylene glycol dinitrate was used, later switched to 2,3-dimethyl-2,3-dinitrobutane (DMDNB) or p-mononitrotoluene (1- ... and in certain military applications. ... including involvement of Bohumil Sole. Retrieved from "https:// ...
... s used in cosmetics or personal hygiene products include viscous liquids such as polyethylene glycol, synthetic ... Different thickeners may be more or less suitable in a given application, due to differences in taste, clarity, and their ... Proteins used as food thickeners include collagen, egg whites, and gelatin. Sugar polymers include agar, carboxymethyl ... Typical gelling agents include natural gums, starches, pectins, agar-agar and gelatin. Often they are based on polysaccharides ...
... such as for fire resistance and extreme temperature applications. Some examples include: glycol, esters, organophosphate ester ... This includes use in recoil mechanisms and hydraulic systems for rotating weapons or aiming devices of tactical and support ... Hydraulic fluids can contain a wide range of chemical compounds, including: oils, butanol, esters (e.g. phthalates, like DEHP, ... Environmentally sensitive applications (e.g. farm tractors and marine dredging) may benefit from using biodegradable hydraulic ...
Some applications of chlorine include PVC, disinfectants, and solvents. Sodium hydroxide enables industries that produce paper ... Some agencies are substituting beer, molasses, and beet juice instead of road salt.[14] Airlines utilize more glycol and sugar ... The second major application of salt is for de-icing and anti-icing of roads, both in grit bins and spread by winter service ... A second major application of sodium chloride is de-icing of roadways in sub-freezing weather. ...
... -rich plants include fat hen ("lamb's quarters"), sorrel, and several Oxalis species. The root and/or leaves of rhubarb ... Oxalic acid can also be produced by the metabolism of ethylene glycol ("antifreeze"), glyoxylic acid, or ascorbic acid (vitamin ... One of the main applications of oxalic acid is rust-removal, which arises because oxalate forms water-soluble derivatives with ... and buckwheat are high in oxalic acid.[28] Other edible plants that contain significant concentrations of oxalate include, in ...
Applications[edit]. X-ray diffraction has wide and various applications in the chemical, biochemical, physical, material and ... Other early structures included copper,[30] calcium fluoride (CaF2, also known as fluorite), calcite (CaCO3) and pyrite (FeS2)[ ... and still others contain large polymers such as polyethylene glycol that drive the molecule out of solution by entropic effects ... The first application of X-ray crystallography to metallurgy likewise occurred in the mid-1920s.[69][70][71][72][73][74] Most ...
Applications. Jewellery and silverware. Embossed silver sarcophagus of Saint Stanislaus in the Wawel Cathedral was created in ... Notable silver coins through the centuries include the Greek drachma,[94] the Roman denarius,[95] the Islamic dirham,[96] the ... In the gas phase, glycol yields glyoxal and ethanol yields acetaldehyde, while organic amines are dehydrated to nitriles.[115] ... Examples include table silver for cutlery, for which silver is highly suited due to its antibacterial properties. Western ...
... diethylene glycol dinitrate, triethylene glycol dinitrate, bis(2,2-dinitropropyl)formal, bis(2,2-dinitropropyl)acetal, 2,2,2- ... They include paraquinone dioxime, toluene-2,4-diisocyanate, tris(1-(2-methyl) aziridinyl) phosphine oxide, N,N,O-tri(1,2-epoxy ... and in other similar applications. They are also used in military pyrotechnics, when production of large amount of noise, light ... Common fuels include: Metals Aluminium - most common fuel in many classes of mixtures, also a combustion instability ...
2-Butoxylethanol, ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE)[edit]. 2-Butoxyethanol is a common glycol ether used as a solvent in ... Some of the chemicals that were restricted included polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), asbestos, lead-based paint, and radon.[16 ... However, the TSCA is primarily focused towards industrial application of chemicals. In 1972, the Clean Water Act was passed, ... Siegfried Rebsdat, Dieter Mayer "Ethylene Glycol" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2000 ...
Despite solubility in propylene glycol it is unlikely to replace water in saponificaction due to propylene glycol primary ... "aluminium_water_hydrogen.pdf (application/pdf Object)" (PDF). www1.eere.energy.gov. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... These stages include oxygen delignification, oxidative extraction, and simple extraction, all of which require a strong ... "Olives: Safe Methods for Home Pickling (application/pdf Object)" (PDF). ucanr.org. 2010. Retrieved January 22, 2012.. ...
Applications[edit]. Cysteine, mainly the L-enantiomer, is a precursor in the food, pharmaceutical and personal-care industries ... Animal sources: meat (including pork and poultry), eggs, dairy;[6]. *Plant sources: red peppers, garlic, onions, broccoli, ... Examples include zinc in zinc fingers and alcohol dehydrogenase, copper in the blue copper proteins, iron in cytochrome P450, ... "Meat Science and Applications, ch. Flavors of Meat Products". CRC: 71-102. ISBN 978-0-203-90808-2.. ...
Glycol coated attapulgite clay and compositions including the same Applications Claiming Priority (1). Application Number. ... ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, trimethylene glycol, diethylene glycol and dipropylene glycol. Another useful class of ... diethylene glycol ethyl ether acetate, thiodiethylene glycol, dichlorodiethyl diether, triethylene glycol, triethylene glycol ... triethylene glycol monoethyl ether, triethylene glycol sec-ethyl ether, propylene glycol monoethyl ether and propylene glycol ...
Mouse monoclonal Polyethylene glycol antibody [5D6-3]. Validated in WB, ELISA. Immunogen corresponding to chemical / Small ... The application notes include recommended starting dilutions; optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end ... Anti-Polyethylene glycol antibody [5D6-3]. See all Polyethylene glycol primary antibodies. ... Primary - Mouse Anti-Polyethylene glycol antibody [5D6-3] (ab178838) ELISA, WB Secondary - Goat Anti-Mouse IgG H&L (HRP) ( ...
Typical applications include:. *Diecasting Machines. * Coke Furnace Door Openers. * Ladle-tilting Mechanisms ... Applications. Water glycol fluids usually have an operating range up to 2000 psi at less than 150°F. Their lubricating quality ... There are some application limitations due to compatibility when using water glycol fluids. Regarding metals, the fluid is ... Water glycol fluids consist of a solution of water, ethylene or diethylene glycol, a high molecular weight polyglycol and an ...
The polymers are ultimately used in various applications including fibers, films, etc. ... The many methods they tried that failed to improve the color of polytrimethylene glycols included the use of activated carbons ... Methods for making PO3G from the glycol, using sulfuric acid catalyst, are fully described in U.S. Patent Application ... This application claims priority from Provisional U.S. Patent Application Ser. No. 60/468,227, filed May 6, 2003, incorporated ...
... ethylene glycol) carboxylic acid, mercaptopolyoxyethylene acetic acid, thio-PEG, thiol-PEG-acid, thiol-PEG-carboxylate; Linear ... ethylene glycol) 2-mercaptoethyl ether acetic acid average Mn 3,500; CAS Number: 165729-81-7; Synonym: mercaptoPEG acid, ... Application Reported applications include: bioconjugation, drug delivery, PEG hydrogel, crosslinker, and surface ... Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Selection Guide Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is a synthetic, hydrophilic, biocompatible polymer with ...
... and explain the potential risk for propylene glycol toxicity. ... you will be able to describe the uses of propylene glycol, ... It has a wide range of other practical applications (ATSDR 2008), including use in ... Patients at risk for propylene glycol toxicity (Lim et al. 2014) include the following:. *Patients with underlying kidney ... Propylene glycol is a diluent found in many intravenous and oral drugs, including ...
The polymers covered in this review include cellulosic derivatives, starch, guar, pectin, and poly(ethylene glycol). ... Typical reactions include enzymatic oxidation, ester formation, amidation, glycosylation, and molecular weight reduction. These ... Polysaccharides are used extensively in various industrial applications, such as food, adhesives, coatings, construction, paper ... It also finds applications in foods, in fracturing fluids in oil drilling, and as a dry strength agent in papermaking. ...
... propylene glycol can reduce the risk of Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) rejection. Propylene glycol can also be ... Propylene glycol is used as a solvent in many pharmaceuticals, including oral, injectable, and topical formulations. Many ... Propylene glycol is also present in propylene glycol alginate, which is known as E405. Propylene glycol is a compound which is ... Final products contain 20% propylene glycol, 1.5% of dipropylene glycol, and small amounts of other polypropylene glycols. ...
Polyethylene glycols (PEG) are oligomeric diols of the general formula HO(-CH2-CH2-O)n-H, which are commercially available also ... Polyethylene Glycols as Oligomeric Host Solvents: Applications to Oxidation and Reduction Reactions. ... Santaniello E. (1984) Polyethylene Glycols as Oligomeric Host Solvents: Applications to Oxidation and Reduction Reactions. In: ... Polyethylene glycols (PEG) are oligomeric diols of the general formula HO(-CH2-CH2-O)n-H, which are commercially available also ...
China Nonyl Phenol Polyethylene Glycol Ether Suppliers, provide quality Nonyl Phenol Polyethylene Glycol Ether product and the ... products related with China Nonyl Phenol Polyethylene Glycol Ether - hongxin ... Applications:. It is for rapid cleaning of dyeing equipments; removal of loose color, stains and impurities; for scouring of ... no solvent included.. ◆ can be used together with anionic and non-ionic surfactants.. ...
in triethylene glycol monoethyl ether, spec. resistivity ~2 μΩ-cm, for printing on ITO and glass; Synonym: Silverjet DGP-45HTG ... Other large scale applications of nanosilver include metallization of solar cells, thin film electronics, sensors, and ... The emerging field of printed electronics requires a suite of functional materials for applications including flexible and ... in triethylene glycol monoethyl ether, spec. resistivity ~2 μΩ-cm, for printing on ITO and glass Synonym: Silverjet DGP-45HTG, ...
The product segments are glycols and lignin products. UPM Biomedicals develops biomedical products and applications. UPM ... UPM Biochemicals, UPM Biomedicals and UPM Biocomposites business units are also included in other operations. UPM Biochemicals ... bio-monoethylene glycol (BioMEG) and lignin-based renewable functional fillers. The biorefinery will also produce bio- ... and Formi TP for technical applications. The UPM Formi -material has already been used in the manufacture of a mobile phone ...
Iron oxide nanoparticles have found widespread applications in different areas including cell separation, drug delivery and as ... nanoparticles utilized for biological applications require coatings such as the commonly employed polyethylene glycol (PEG). ... Accumulation of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles coated with variably sized polyethylene glycol in murine tumors.. Larsen EK1 ...
The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain ... The Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) market analysis is provided for the international markets including development ... Global Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) Industry Report 2015 is a new market research publication announced by ... The Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally the ...
105 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Polyethylene Glycol Market Professional Survey Report 2016 report by QYResearch ... The segment applications including Medical Personal Care Industrial Others Segment regions including (the separated region ... 1.1.2 Specifications of Polyethylene Glycol 1.2 Classification of Polyethylene Glycol 1.3 Applications of Polyethylene Glycol ... 8.6 India Glycols 8.6.1 Company Profile 8.6.2 Product Picture and Specifications 8.6.3 India Glycols 2015 Polyethylene Glycol ...
The report includes Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether description, covers its application areas and related patterns. It ... 2. DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER APPLICATIONS. 2.1. Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether application spheres, downstream products ... 7. DIPROPYLENE GLYCOL METHYL ETHER END-USE SECTOR 7.1. Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether market by application sphere. 7.2. ... Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether prices in Europe. 6.2. Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether prices in Asia. 6.3. Dipropylene Glycol ...
The apparatus in its various embodiments involves the application of a uniform radially inward force to a compressible tube in ... A preferred vinyl polymer is neopentyl glycol diacrylate (NPG). Other compositions include copolymers of poly(ethylene-maleic ... In the past, this crimping has been done by hand resulting in non-uniform crimps due to the application of uneven force to the ... Kits including implantable medical devices and antioxidants. US9675486. Jul 17, 2014. Jun 13, 2017. C.R. Bard, Inc.. Stent ...
E-series glycol ethers have higher toxicity as compared to P-series. E-series glycol ethers include ethyl and butyl glycol ... E-series glycol ethers are manufactured from ethylene oxides and find applications in inks, dyes, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics ... P-series glycol ethers are manufactured from propylene oxides and find applications in cleaners, degreasers, adhesives and ... Glycol ethers are compatible with water and other organic solvents. Majority of the demand for glycol ethers is from paints and ...
... designed to meet performance in a wide variety of applications. ... polyethylene glycols (PEGs) includes a wide range of ... Dow surfactants offer excellent emulsification and dispersion across a wide range of industries and applications, including in ... Some benefits and uses of our range of polypropylene glycols (PPGs) include:. *Mild and efficient foam control for food and ... Optimized formulation performance that protects both the bottom line and the environment in energy applications including ...
Attorney Review -- Have your application reviewed by a Patent Attorney. See whats included. ... The method includes removing at least a portion of glycols from a... ... A method includes the following steps. An original carbon nanotube film is provided. The original carbon nanotube film includes ... Aqueous suspensions including an aluminous cement and binding compositions. Stabilized aqueous suspensions include aluminous ...
Shop REN Clean Skincares Glycol Lactic Radiance Renewal Mask at Sephora. This cult-favorite exfoliating mask renews and ... Clinical Results: In a clinical trial with 22 female subjects (ages 40-55) after 30 minutes from one application, results ... Clean at Sephora is formulated without a list of over 50 ingredients, including sulfates (SLS and SLES), parabens, phthalates, ... the synthetic fragrances do not include any of the ingredients listed in numbers 1 through 12 above and (2) the synthetic ...
Applications. Propylene glycol is used: * As a solvent in many pharmaceuticals, including oral, injectable and topical ... Propylene glycol has properties similar to those of ethylene glycol (monoethylene glycol, or MEG). (Note: propylene glycol may ... propylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, 1,2-Dihydroxypropane, methyl ethyl glycol (MEG), methylethylene glycol, PG, Sirlene, ... of dipropylene glycol and small amount of other polypropylene glycol.[4] Propylene glycol can also be converted from glycerol, ...
... applications and region is also included. The Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Industry consumption for major regions is given. ... The Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Industry analysis is provided for the international market including development history, ... To provide information on competitive landscape, this report includes detailed profiles of Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market ... The Report provides a basic overview of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market including definitions, classifications, ...
In continuation with this data sale price is for various types, applications and region is also included. The Propylene Glycol ... Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market Analysis by Application. • Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate ( ... Additionally, type wise and application wise consumption figures are also given.. Scope of the Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether ... To provide information on competitive landscape, this report includes detailed profiles of Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether ...
Applications for this product include elastomers, adhesives, coatings and sealants. ... A propylene glycol initiated, 400 molecular weight, homopolymer diol. ... A propylene glycol initiated, 400 molecular weight, homopolymer diol. Applications for this product include elastomers, ... Please Contact Us to tell us about your application and needs. We will provide options for your consideration. ...
It is preferred to also include tungsten carbide (WC) and tungsten metal (W) in the coating mixture. The coating is pyrolyzed ... Method of depositing dielectric materials including oxygen-doped silicon carbide in damascene applications. ... and glycol ethers. The solvent should be present in an amount sufficient to dissolve or disperse the materials to the ... Examples of silicon carbide precursors include polycarbosilanes, and examples of silicon nitride precursors include ...
Caprylyl glycols flexible nature allows it to be incorporated into a variety of formats while serving consumer needs. ... 2-octylene glycol. Its product applications include eye, skin and hair care, and to a limited extent, nail care; but its ... Technology and Applications. The antimicrobial properties of caprylyl glycol have made it one of the predominant ... Figure 1. Caprylyl glycol chemical structure. Caprylyl glycol is a versatile material used within personal care as a humectant ...
We offer you a wide range of DOW products including e-series and p-series glycol ethers. With 190 locations in the United ... While different chemicals have different applications, typical uses for E-series glycol ethers include inks, dyes, paints, ... OFFERING A WIDE-RANGE OF GLYCOL ETHERS. E-series glycol ethers that Brenntag North America can provide include: ... The term glycol ether refers to a group of chemical solvents used in manufacturing and other industrial applications. Glycol ...
... - 2020 - published on openPR.com ... Dipropylene glycol is used in unsaturated polyester resins and personal care products and tripropylene glycol has application ... The major consumers of polypropylene glycol include the pharmaceutical and food and beverage industry, which account for major ... Global Propylene Oxide Market: Taxonomy - By Application Polyether Polyols Propylene Glycols Propylene Glycol Ethers Others ...
  • In January 2020, UPM announced that it will invest EUR 550 million in an industrial scale biorefinery to convert solid wood into next-generation biochemicals: bio-monoethylene glycol (BioMEG) and lignin-based renewable functional fillers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propylene glycol has properties similar to those of ethylene glycol (monoethylene glycol, or MEG). (thefullwiki.org)
  • 3.1 The methanol wall wash test is performed to determine the cleanliness and suitability of cargo tanks or compartments on a marine vessel prior to loading polyester grade monoethylene glycol. (astm.org)
  • Polyester grade monoethylene glycol has very high quality requirements and must be handled with care, as it is adversely affected by oxygen, hydrocarbons, water and chloride. (astm.org)
  • The producers of polyester grade monoethylene glycol need confirmation of the cleanliness and suitability of the marine vessel's tanks prior to loading with in-specification material. (astm.org)
  • 1.1 This test method covers the methanol wall wash procedure and the chemical and physical analysis of the wall wash sampling for cargo tanks of marine vessels handling polyester grade monoethylene glycol. (astm.org)
  • In November 2009 the project started up one of the world's largest and most efficient monoethylene glycol (MEG) plants. (shell.com)
  • Ethylene glycol (monoethylene glycol) in its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid with a sweet taste. (meglobal.biz)
  • Visit our Diethylene Glycol page for products that can supplement our monoethylene glycol portfolio. (meglobal.biz)
  • Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether (CAS 34590-94-8) Market Research Report 2020 presents comprehensive data on Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether markets globally and regionally (Europe, Asia, North America etc. (marketpublishers.com)
  • U.S. had the highest demand for glycol ethers in North America. (sbwire.com)
  • Brenntag North America carries more than 10,000 chemical and specialty products including a wide range of Dow E-series and P-series glycol ethers. (brenntag.com)
  • To obtain a quote for any glycol ether product, or for assistance from one of our knowledgeable representatives, get in touch with Brenntag North America directly using the form. (brenntag.com)
  • The key segments for propylene glycol market are North America, Asia Pacific, Europe and Rest of the World (RoW). (openpr.com)
  • Ethylene Glycol Diethyl Ether (CAS 16484-86-9) Market Research Report 2018 aims at providing comprehensive data on ethylene glycol diethyl ether market globally and regionally (Europe, Asia, North America, Latin America etc. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Further, it is classified on the basis of geographical areas which include: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa. (galusaustralis.com)
  • Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Report by Material, Application, and Geography Global Forecast to 2021 is a professional and in-depth research report on the world's major regional market conditions, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia-Pacific) and the main countries (United States, Germany, united Kingdom, Japan, South Korea and China). (researchmoz.us)
  • Most reported cases of propylene glycol toxicity have resulted from propylene glycol used as a diluent for intravenous administration of benzodiazepines (Kraut and Kurtz 2008). (cdc.gov)
  • Propylene glycol is used as a solvent in many pharmaceuticals, including oral, injectable, and topical formulations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propylene glycol is also used as a solvent and carrier for many pharmaceutical capsule preparations. (wikipedia.org)
  • no solvent included. (chinachemnet.com)
  • There is huge demand for glycol ethers as coalescing aids and solvent in paint and coatings industry. (sbwire.com)
  • Notably, diazepam , which is insoluble in water, uses propylene glycol as its solvent in its clinical , injectable form. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Formic acid has an added benefit as a solvent for the reaction and hydrolyzing agent for the epoxide ring on the alkane oxide, creating caprylyl glycol through saponification of resulting 1,2 alkane diol monoformate. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • 8, 10 The final extraction of the caprylyl glycol is conducted using an organic solvent that is non-miscible with water, such as toluene, for the final recovery. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • As a solvent, in pharmaceutical which includes injectible, oral and topical formulations namely lorazepam, diazepam donot dissolve in water. (openpr.com)
  • Propylene glycol methyl ether acetate is a P-type glycol ether derivative, which is used as a solvent and surfactant, and in inks, coatings, and cleaners. (amdainternational.com)
  • You may have heard of mineral spirits by many other names, including white spirits, mineral turpentine, solvent naphtha, petroleum spirits, Varsol, Stoddard solvent or by the generic name "paint thinner. (brenntag.com)
  • Other names for it include methylbenzene and phenylmethane.Common solvent used to clean oil and grease, commonly used as a carburetor cleaner. (brenntag.com)
  • Rapid intravenous injection of preparations of drugs containing propylene glycol as a solvent (in significant amounts) may cause unconsciousness, arrhythmias and even cardiac arrest. (inchem.org)
  • This may lead to misdiagnosis of the severe condition of ethylene glycol poisoning in a patient who has been given drugs containing, as a solvent, the relatively innocuous propylene glycol. (inchem.org)
  • 2.4 First-aid measures and management principles Considerable toxicity is unlikely after an acute exposure, with the exception of rare but dramatic arrhythmias including cardiac arrest after rapid i.v. injection of drugs containing large amounts of propylene glycol solvent. (inchem.org)
  • Solvent in many pharmaceuticals, including oral, injectable or topical formulations (Smolinske et al, 1987). (inchem.org)
  • Eastman EB Solvent (Ethylene Glycol Monobutyl Ether) offers numerous benefits in coating, ink, and cleaner applications. (eastman.com)
  • Propylene glycol is an odorless and colorless liquid, usually used as a solvent and wetting substance, making it a popular ingredient in shampoo, conditioner, toothpaste and cosmetics. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Final products contain 20% propylene glycol, 1.5% of dipropylene glycol, and small amounts of other polypropylene glycols. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report includes Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether description, covers its application areas and related patterns. (marketpublishers.com)
  • It overviews Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether market, names Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether producers and indicates its suppliers. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Besides, the report provides Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether prices in regional markets. (marketpublishers.com)
  • In addition to the above the report determines Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether consumers in the market. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Please note that Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether (CAS 34590-94-8) Market Research Report 2020 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Final products contain 20% 1,2-propanediol , 1.5% of dipropylene glycol and small amount of other polypropylene glycol. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Dipropylene glycol is used in unsaturated polyester resins and personal care products and tripropylene glycol has application in acrylates and polyurethanes. (openpr.com)
  • High quality 99% Purity Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate With CAS No 88917-22-0 from China, China's leading Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate product market, With strict quality control Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate factories, Producing high quality 99% Purity Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate With CAS No 88917-22-0 products. (amdainternational.com)
  • Overview of the Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate report: The latest market study broadly segments the industry based on the product type range, application gamut, end-use industry, key regions, and the competitive background. (amdainternational.com)
  • DPGME Chemical Name: Propanol, 1(or 2)-(2-Methoxymethylethoxy)- Date: December 1998 Revision: February 2008 CAS Number: 34590-94-8 RTK Substance Number: 0804 DOT Number: None Description and Use Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether is a colorless liquid with a mild and pleasant odor. (amdainternational.com)
  • Fond Chemical Co.Ltd, is supplier for Dipropylene glycol methyl ether acetate. (amdainternational.com)
  • Dipropylene glycol methyl ether (DPGME) is one of the most commonly used propylene glycol ethers in industry and is discussed in a recently published NEG/NIOSH document. (amdainternational.com)
  • Dipropylene Glycol … It is completely soluble in water, and has moderate volatility. (amdainternational.com)
  • Spectrum Chemical manufactures and distributes fine chemicals with quality you can count on including those with CAS number 88917-22-0, Whether you call it Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate or PPG-2 Methyl Ether Acetate you can be assured the products offered by Spectrum, meet or exceed the grade requirements or specifications for each individual product. (amdainternational.com)
  • Reactivity Profile Dipropylene glycol … One of the central components of the report is a detailed explanation of the gross profits, revenue shares, sales volume, manufacturing costs, … Top Kategori. (amdainternational.com)
  • The … This report forecasts revenue growth at the global, regional, and country levels and provides an analysis of the latest industry trends and opportunities for each application of Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate from 2015 to 2027. (amdainternational.com)
  • Furthermore, in-depth analysis of the global Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetatemarket … The global Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate market research report examined on the basis of the various parameters such as Porter's Five Force Model, SWOT Analysis which provides the precise information about the global Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate market. (amdainternational.com)
  • It is also a component of wood and coil coatings, as well as coatings used in the … Wego is a worldwide company who imports and supplies Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether in over four continents. (amdainternational.com)
  • Dipropylene glycol mono methyl ether (DPM) is a clear, colorless, combustible liquid with a slight ether odor. (amdainternational.com)
  • Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (DPMA, 88917-22-0 isomeric mixture) Tripropylene Glycol Methyl Ether (TPM, 20324-33-8 one of the isomers and 25498-49-1 isomeric mixture) The alpha (secondary alcohol) form is kinetically favored during synthesis. (amdainternational.com)
  • Dipropylene Glycol (DPG) from MPL is designed for odor-sensitive applications such as fragrances and cosmetics. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • This is a phenomenal compilation of significant studies exploring the competitive landscape, segmentation, geographic expansion, and sales, production, and consumption growth of the Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) market. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Players can utilize the report's accurate market data, numbers, and statistical studies to understand the current and future growth of the Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) market. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • The report includes CAGR, market share, revenue, gross margin, value, volume, and other key market figures that give an accurate picture of the growth of the Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) market. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • From the nature of the competition to future changes in the vendor landscape, the report offers an in-depth competitive analysis in the Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) market. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • In the report, experts analyze and forecast the Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) market on a global as well as regional level. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Presentation of Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) Market with development and status. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Assembling Technology of Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) Market with life systems and patterns. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Investigation of International Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) Market Key Producers with Company Profile, Product Statistics, Production Information and Contact Information. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Investigation Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) Market with Comparison, Supply, Consumption and Import and Export. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) Market Analysis with Market Status and Market Competition by Companies and Countries. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) Market assessment of Industry Chain Structure, Upstream Raw Materials, Downstream Industry. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • What is the growth potential of the Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (DPM) market? (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Chemical/ Small Molecule corresponding to Polyethylene glycol conjugated to Keyhole Limpet Haemocyanin (KLH). (abcam.com)
  • Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • A small-scale, nonbiological route from D-mannitol is illustrated in the following scheme: Forty-five percent of propylene glycol produced is used as a chemical feedstock for the production of unsaturated polyester resins. (wikipedia.org)
  • In chemical manufacturing, E-series glycol ethers are used as chemical intermediates for the manufacturing of ether, halides and alcohols. (sbwire.com)
  • Asia Pacific is expected to be the fastest growing markets for both P-series and E-series glycol ethers due to increasing demand from paints and coatings, agricultural chemicals, textiles, detergents and chemical manufacturing in this region. (sbwire.com)
  • Some of the key manufacturers in the glycol ethers market are BASF SE, LyondellBasell Industries, INEOS, Royal Dutch Shell, The Dow Chemical Company, Eastman Chemical Company, among others. (sbwire.com)
  • The term glycol ether refers to a group of chemical solvents used in manufacturing and other industrial applications. (brenntag.com)
  • Chemical manufacturers distinguish between P-series glycol ethers derived from propylene oxide and E-series ethers derived from ethylene oxide. (brenntag.com)
  • Also known as diethylene glycol n-butyl ether acetate, it has a chemical composition of C4H9O(CH2CH2O)2C(O)CH3 and offers a good balance between volatility and water solubility. (brenntag.com)
  • Propylene glycol is a chemical that is produced by reaction of propylene oxide with water. (openpr.com)
  • The major companies such as Cargill, ADM and The Dow Chemical company are manufacturing propylene glycol from glycerin. (openpr.com)
  • About half of the propylene glycol produced is been used as a chemical feedstock to manufacture unsaturated polyester resins. (openpr.com)
  • The industrial applications of propylene glycol are to manufacture paints and coatings, resins and plastics, used as an intermediate to manufacture other chemical substances such as unsaturated polyester resins that are used in pipes or windmill blades and bath and kitchenware. (openpr.com)
  • The key players for propylene glycol market include: Arch Chemicals, Lyondell Chemical Co, SKC Chemicals Group, The Dow Chemical Company, BASF AG, Huntsman, Repsol YPF and more. (openpr.com)
  • The report also analyses sorbitol potential as a platform chemical for polyols (ethylene glycols, propylene glycols, glycerols) and isosorbides. (mrrse.com)
  • Supplementary analysis has been carried out on sorbitol potential as a platform chemical for the production of polyols (ethylene glycols, propylene glycols and glycerols) and isosorbides. (mrrse.com)
  • Ethylene glycol is a chemical commonly used in many commercial and industrial applications including antifreeze and coolant. (americanchemistry.com)
  • The global market is highly concentrated as top four companies including Dow Chemical, Solutia, Exxon Mobil and Shell accounted for over 60% of the total demand in 2013. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • This exhaustive research provides a clear and consistent understanding of the process technology studied, including chemical, biological and/or physical transformations occurring in the target process, as well as reactants required and products formation. (slideshare.net)
  • Our portfolio includes more than 600 of these reports, covering established and early-stage process technologies used in the chemical, petrochemical, oil, plastic, renewable, alternative energy & allied sectors. (slideshare.net)
  • Ethylene glycol, commonly referred to as EG for short, is a chemical ingredient commonly found in antifreeze, refrigerants, and hydraulic fluids. (brenntag.com)
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 443 Chemical 1. (inchem.org)
  • October highlights distributors, and includes an interview with the National Association of Chemical Distributors, as well as company profiles of many specialty chemical distributors serving the coatings industry. (pcimag.com)
  • Xylitol downstream potential market includes its use as a platform chemical or building block for xylaric acid, glycols (propylene glycol and ethylene glycol). (mynewsdesk.com)
  • The team says additional functionality could be added to this versatile polymer by binding other chemical groups such as fluorescent probes or dyes to the sugar molecule, for biological or chemical sensing applications. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Dow Chemical also declared force majeure on glycol ethers in Europe, according to sources. (icis.com)
  • Hydraulic fluid performance, including water-glycols (W/G), depends on the chemical composition of the fluid and cleanliness. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Genomatica, a bio-based chemical supplier, has appointed Viachem to market, sell and distribute its Brontide butylene glycol to the North American personal care market. (happi.com)
  • Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market provides granular analysis of the market share, segmentation, revenue forecasts and geographic regions of the market. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • After the basic information, the Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market report sheds light on the production. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Also, the Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market growth in various regions and R&D status are also covered. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Further in the Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market Industry Analysis report, the Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market is examined for price, cost and gross. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • The Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market for major regions is given. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • The Propylene Glycol Methyl Ether Acetate (PMAC) Sales Market analysis report also speaks about the manufacturing process. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Already tight Q1 supply of US glycol ethers butyl glycol (BG), butyl di-glycol (BDG), propylene glycol methyl ether (PM) and propylene glycol methyl ether acetate (PMA) worsened following a mid-February winter storm that forced petrochemical outages in the southern US. (icis.com)
  • Water-propylene glycol mixtures dyed pink to indicate the mixture is relatively nontoxic are sold under the name of RV or marine antifreeze. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propylene glycol is frequently used as a substitute for ethylene glycol in low toxicity, environmentally friendly automotive antifreeze. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its properties make it useful for various applications including heat transfer fluid, antifreeze, and conditioning agent. (eastman.com)
  • The high demand for MEG in applications including, PET, fiber, film, and antifreeze & coolant is driving the MEG market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • Glycols also find extensive applications in antifreeze and de-icing fluids formulations. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • For technical data and manufacturing plants analysis, the report analyzes Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) leading suppliers on capacity, commercial production date, manufacturing plants distribution, R&D Status, technology sources, and raw materials sources. (pitchengine.com)
  • In the end, the export includes Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, investment return analysis, and development analysis. (pitchengine.com)
  • In conclusion, it is a deep research report on Global Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) industry. (pitchengine.com)
  • Here, we express our thanks for the support and assistance from Diethylene Glycol Monobuthyl Ether Acetate(DBAC) industry chain related technical experts and marketing engineers during Research Team's survey and interviews. (pitchengine.com)
  • New York, NY -- ( SBWIRE ) -- 02/08/2016 -- Glycol ethers manufactured through reaction of alcohols with propylene oxide or ethylene oxide. (sbwire.com)
  • Jul 06, 2016· Propylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol - Ingredients Well Worth Avoiding There are many nasty ingredients out there, but in this post I want to touch on two that I find particularly bad: Propylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • All four substances contain a methyl ether group, one or two propylene glycol units and either an alcohol or an acetate ester. (amdainternational.com)
  • It is miscible with a broad range of solvents, including water, acetone, and chloroform. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glycol ethers are compatible with water and other organic solvents. (sbwire.com)
  • Majority of the demand for glycol ethers is from paints and coatings industry where glycol ethers are used as solvents. (sbwire.com)
  • In paints and coatings, P-series glycol ethers are used as solvents for resins such as epoxies, alkyds, acrylics, polyesters and polyurethanes among others. (sbwire.com)
  • In agrochemical industry, glycol ethers are used as solvents in herbicides and pesticides. (sbwire.com)
  • Propylene glycol is also used as a humectant, preservative in tobacco and food products, solvents and as a major constituent of e-liquid that is used in electric cigarettes with vegetable glycerin. (openpr.com)
  • A standard presoak formula will contain good builders, surfactants with excellent wetting and penetrating properties and perhaps some solvents such as glycol ethers. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Also excellent for abused inhalant anesthetics, γ -hydroxybutyrate (GHB)/ γ -butyrolactone (GBL), glycols, and common industrial solvents. (restek.com)
  • Industrially, propylene glycol is mainly produced from propylene oxide (for food-grade use). (wikipedia.org)
  • Mono propylene glycol is produced from propylene oxide. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Glycol ethers are alkyl ethers made from either ethylene oxide or propylene oxide. (brenntag.com)
  • Ethylene glycol is produced from ethylene (ethene), via the intermediate ethylene oxide . (wikipedia.org)
  • Ethoxylated amines include coconut amine with five moles of ethylene oxide or tallow amine with 10 moles of ethylene oxide, amine oxides such as lauramine oxide or cocamine oxide, cocamidopropylhydroxy sultaine and amphoterics such as sodium cocoamphopropionate, all of which are good examples of the surfactants that can be used in presence of electrolytes as well as in high and low pH applications. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a synthetic polymer produced via polymerization of ethylene oxide molecules to make joining units of ethylene glycol by an ether linkage. (drugbank.ca)
  • To begin with, the report elaborates the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market overview. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Present day status of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market in key regions is stated and industry policies and news are analysed. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Next part of the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market analysis report speaks about the manufacturing process. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Also, the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market growth in various regions and R&D status are also covered. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Further in the report, the Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market is examined for price, cost and gross. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • To provide information on competitive landscape, this report includes detailed profiles of Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market key players. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • In this Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Market analysis, traders and distributors analysis is given along with contact details. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Thiobis phenolic antioxidants are efficiently dry or melt blended with a tree-resistant, crosslinkable polyethylene by first forming a blend, preferably a dry blend, of the antioxidant with a polyalkylene glycol (PAG), and then mixing the blend with the polyethylene. (google.ca)
  • 1. An additive mixture comprising at least one thiobis phenolic antioxidant and at least one polyalkylene glycol (PAG) of a weight average molecular weight of at least 1,000. (google.ca)
  • 15. A method of mixing a solid thiobis phenolic antioxidant with polyethylene, the method comprising the steps of (A) mixing the thiobis phenolic antioxidant with polyalkylene glycol (PAG) to form a blend, and (B) mixing the blend with polyethylene. (google.ca)
  • Calcitonin drug-oligomer conjugates that include a calcitonin drug coupled to an oligomer including a single polyalkylene glycol moiety consisting of between 4 and 10 polyalkylene glycol subunits are disclosed. (google.co.uk)
  • Water-glycol hydraulic fluid formulations typically contain water (for fire protection), glycol (for freeze point protection), polyalkylene glycol (PAG) thickener, an additive package to provide corrosion and antiwear protection, antifoam/air release additive and dye for leak detection. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Hence growing demand for unsaturated polyester resins to boost demand for propylene glycol in the near future. (openpr.com)
  • Eastman™ Ethylene Glycol, Polyester Grade is used for manufacturing polyester fibers, polyethylene terephalate (PET) resins, and other materials. (eastman.com)
  • The issue also includes articles on new ambient-curing resins, the impact of silanes on the solution stability of latex, an overview of colorant technologies worldwide, and much more. (pcimag.com)
  • Propylene glycol is in the production of unsaturated polyester resins that, in turn, go into items that effect our daily lives, like water tanks, or our leisure time, like sailing boats. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Glass fibers, heat stabilizers, impact modifiers, minerals and other materials are compounded with these base resins to create a comprehensive selection of Amodel® PPA products for use in a vast array of applications. (solvay.com)
  • POLYOX(tm) NF water-soluble resins have applications in pharmaceutical products, such as in controlled release solid dose matrix systems, tablet binding, tablet coatings, transdermal drug delivery systems, and mucosal bioadhesives and gastro-retentive dosage forms [19, 21] . (pharmainfo.net)
  • Propylene glycol can also be obtained from glycerol, a byproduct from the production of biodiesel. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 4 ] Propylene glycol can also be converted from glycerol , a biodiesel byproduct. (thefullwiki.org)
  • P-series glycol ethers are manufactured from propylene oxides and find applications in cleaners, degreasers, adhesives and aerosol paints among others. (sbwire.com)
  • Other significant application of glycol ethers includes adhesives, textiles and cosmetics among others. (sbwire.com)
  • The Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Industry analysis is provided for the international market including development history, competitive landscape analysis, and major regions development status. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • The Polyethylene Glycol Adhesives Industry consumption for major regions is given. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • Major factors driving the market growth include development of innovative and advanced adhesive and sealant products, and shift towards advanced glues, adhesives and sealants from conventional biological dressings such as sutures and staples. (prweb.com)
  • Additionally, increasing penetration rates for the products in external tissue bonding and sealing purposes, adhesive products including cyanoacrylate, protein, and plasma-based adhesives are prophesied to seize an unassailable growth in the market. (prweb.com)
  • During the period, the market witnessed a drop in demand for almost all types of products including dental adhesives & sealants as well as medical adhesives & sealants. (prweb.com)
  • Development of a host of attractive product segments such as cyanoacrylate, polyethylene glycol, plasma and protein based adhesives, and sealants is poised to propel the Medical Adhesives and Sealants market, as stated by the new market research report on Medical Adhesives and Sealants . (prweb.com)
  • The market is posed to witness successful commercialization of product segments such as absorbable and non-absorbable cyanoacrylate based adhesives and sealants for internal medical applications. (prweb.com)
  • As such, improvements in bonding abilities, resistance and longevity are propping the stupendous growth of medical-grade adhesives in a myriad of applications, especially in the disposable medical device manufacturing market. (prweb.com)
  • Surgical/Internal applications category of Other Medical Adhesives & Sealants constitutes the largest segment in the market. (prweb.com)
  • The major consumers of polypropylene glycol include the pharmaceutical and food and beverage industry, which account for major share in the market. (openpr.com)
  • Manufacturer of private label polypropylene glycol chemicals. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Fire-resistant fluids include synthetics such as phosphate esters or ester-mineral blends and water-based formulas such as water-oil emulsions or water-glycols. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Water glycol fluids have proven to be an excellent fire-resistant hydraulic fluid option. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Excellent fire-resistance coupled with good cost and performance makes water glycol fluids the right choice for many industrial applications. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Water glycol fluids consist of a solution of water, ethylene or diethylene glycol, a high molecular weight polyglycol and an additive package. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Finally, water glycol fluids have better thermal transfer properties over other fire-resistant fluids. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Water glycol fluids usually have an operating range up to 2000 psi at less than 150°F. Their lubricating quality is very good where loads are moderate and where only hydrodynamic lubrication is involved. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • There are some application limitations due to compatibility when using water glycol fluids. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • A Midwestern steel plant recently requested five major commercially available water glycol fluids be evaluated for lubrication performance. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • E-series glycol ethers with higher molecular weights are used in hydraulic brake fluids. (sbwire.com)
  • Other important uses of ethylene glycol include heat transfer fluids used as industrial coolants for gas compressors, heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems, and ice skating rinks. (americanchemistry.com)
  • Mineral oils were followed by aromatic based thermic fluids, however, glycol based thermic fluids are expected to be the fastest growing product segment, at an estimated CAGR of 7.9% from 2014 to 2020. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • Increasing Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) capacity, mainly in the U.S. and Spain is expected to boost the demand for thermic fluids for these applications. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • Oil & gas emerged as the leading application market for thermic fluids and accounted for just over 24% of total market volume in 2013. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • Concentrated solar power is expected to be the fastest growing application market for thermic fluids, at an estimated CAGR of 8.5% from 2014 to 2020. (grandviewresearch.com)
  • Some procedures of ethylene glycol measurement in the biological fluids also measure propylene glycol. (inchem.org)
  • Hydraulic fluids include mineral oil, phosphate ester and water glycol. (automation.com)
  • Many industrial applications such as steel making, die casting, etc. require the use of hydraulic fluids that offer greater fire safety than that achievable with mineral oil. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Corrosion Test Apparatus is Convenient for Corrosion-Inhibitor Studies of Water-Glycol Hydraulic Fluids Under Laboratory Conditions. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Water is a better heat transfer media than glycol-you can see that when you compare the specific heat of the fluids. (hpacmag.com)
  • Both of these fluids have similar freeze protection and heat transfer characteristics with the main difference being that propylene glycol has a lower toxicity level. (hpacmag.com)
  • The guidance to Water Supply (Water Fittings) Regulations 1999 4 and EN 1717:2000 divide fluids into 'Fluid Categories' based on their relative hazard. (hse.gov.uk)
  • Propylene glycol (IUPAC name: propane-1,2-diol) is a viscous, colorless liquid, which is nearly odorless but possesses a faintly sweet taste. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propylene glycol , known also by the systematic name propane-1,2-diol, is an organic compound (a diol alcohol ), usually a faintly sweet, and colorless clear viscous liquid that is hygroscopic and miscible with water , acetone , and chloroform . (thefullwiki.org)
  • Propylene glycol is clear, colorless, and almost completely odorless. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • One of the most common alternatives to mineral oil for use in these applications is a water-glycol hydraulic fluid. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Although there are numerous references describing analysis procedures for petroleum oil-derived hydraulic fluid, similar references describing the analysis of water-glycol hydraulic fluid are relatively rare. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Nitrile materials are compatible with most hydraulic media, including petroleum oils, water glycol, water/oil emulsions and many synthetics. (skf.com)
  • This ring is then hydrolyzed with a base catalyst in a second step to produce mono-ethylene glycol in 98% selectivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • They include a world-scale ethylene cracker, which started up in March, and one of the world's largest mono-ethylene glycol plants, which has been producing since November 2009. (shell.com)
  • Template-assisted synthesis allowed the manufacture of a diverse set of polymeric nanotubes with tunable physical characteristics including diameter (∼200-400 nm) and stiffness (405-902 kPa). (rsc.org)
  • Overall, this nanotube templating platform is emerging as a facile route for the manufacture of poly(ethylene glycol) nanotubes. (rsc.org)
  • The report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. (pitchengine.com)
  • Not to be confused with Propylene glycol , Diethylene glycol , or Glycol . (wikipedia.org)
  • The major byproducts are the oligomers diethylene glycol , triethylene glycol , and tetraethylene glycol . (wikipedia.org)
  • E-series glycol ethers include ethyl and butyl glycol ether. (sbwire.com)
  • While different chemicals have different applications, typical uses for E-series glycol ethers include inks , dyes, paints, pharmaceuticals , and personal care products such as sunscreen . (brenntag.com)
  • Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is a synthetic, hydrophilic, biocompatible polymer with widespread use in biomedical and other applications. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Topical application of the hydrophilic polymer polyethylene glycol (PEG) to isolated adult guinea pig spinal cord injuries has been shown to lead to the recovery of both the anatomical integrity of the tissue and the conduction of nerve impulses through the lesion. (biologists.org)
  • A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications fabricated by photopolymerization of polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Hydrophilic polymers include methyl cellulose (MC), hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC), carbopol etc. (pharmainfo.net)
  • Ethylene Glycol and Propylene Glycol Toxicity: What is Propylene Glycol? (cdc.gov)
  • explain the potential risk for propylene glycol toxicity. (cdc.gov)
  • Ethylene glycol is a potent cause of acute toxicity in humans. (cdc.gov)
  • Patients at risk for propylene glycol toxicity (Lim et al. (cdc.gov)
  • E-series glycol ethers have higher toxicity as compared to P-series. (sbwire.com)
  • In cleaners and degreasers, P-series glycol ethers provide reduced surface tension, lower toxicity and good solvency. (sbwire.com)
  • The oral toxicity of propylene glycol is very low, and large quantities are required to incur the dangerous effects described above. (thefullwiki.org)
  • Due to its lower toxicity, propylene glycol is more commonly used in residential and small commercial HVAC systems. (hpacmag.com)
  • The oxidative carbonylation of methanol to dimethyl oxalate provides a promising approach to the production of C 1 -based ethylene glycol. (wikipedia.org)
  • The alternative test methods do not have precision data for the application of these methods in analyzing methanol. (astm.org)
  • Shell chemicals companies are leading players in propylene oxide and its principal derivatives - polyether polyols and propylene glycols. (shell.com)
  • The resulting material is a mixture of mono-, di- and tri-propylene glycols that are then distilled to purify to the different grades of propylene glycol. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • in triethylene glycol monoethyl ether, spec. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Global Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) Industry Report 2015 is a new market research publication announced by Reportstack. (pitchengine.com)
  • This report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) industry. (pitchengine.com)
  • The Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. (pitchengine.com)
  • The Triethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate(TEGDMA) industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. (pitchengine.com)
  • Due to water insolubility and stability issues, nanoparticles utilized for biological applications require coatings such as the commonly employed polyethylene glycol (PEG). (nih.gov)
  • 2 Industrial synthesis is commonly conducted using a two-step process, consisting of catalytic oxidation of the 1-octene oxide followed by hydrolysis with distillation and recovery of caprylyl glycol. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • As one of the most important and commonly used glycols, ethylene glycol is commercially available and manufactured on a large scale throughout the United States. (brenntag.com)
  • Mar 02, 2018· Propylene glycol is a substance commonly used as a food additive or ingredient in many cosmetic and hygiene products. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • The HVAC applications that most commonly use glycol are snow and ice melting systems, ground source heat pumps, solar water heating systems, chilled water cooling systems, and in the hydronic systems that require pipe burst protection due to their location or activity level. (hpacmag.com)
  • These include many commonly-prescribed and over-the-counter medications used to treat a wide variety of conditions. (ada.com)
  • 2 Monohydric alcohols are utilized as well in the process, to maintain the purity of the final glycol. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Additionally, type wise and application wise consumption figures are also given. (beforeitsnews.com)
  • This market research study analyzes the global market for sorbitol, estimating and forecasting the market from the consumption point of view, while segmentation has been carried out on various levels including products (liquid/syrup and crystal/powder), end users, applications, as well as on geographical basis to provide a holistic picture of the market. (mrrse.com)
  • 1. Know the capital investment required Examine the operating costs & raw materials consumption Neopentyl Glycol is an organic compound used in the synthesis of polyesters (enhances the stability of the product towards heat, light, and water), paints, lubricants, and plasticizers. (slideshare.net)
  • That knowledge is compiled into a detailed process block flow scheme and a mapping of key process input & output figures (including raw materials consumption). (slideshare.net)
  • Data including (both global and regions): Market Size (both volume - K MT and value - million USD), Market Share, Production data, Consumption data, Trade data, Price - USD/MT, Cost, Gross margin etc. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Chewing gum application may witness average industry gains at over 6% and register close to 185 kilo tons of product consumption by 2023. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Propylene glycol has a very high demand due to the significantly high petroleum consumption globally. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Depending upon the oxides used in the production of glycol ethers, the market is classified as P-series and E-series. (sbwire.com)
  • The market for glycol ethers was mainly driven by paints and coatings industry. (sbwire.com)
  • In terms of demand, Asia Pacific was the leading region in glycol ethers market in 2013. (sbwire.com)
  • India, Japan, Taiwan and Korea are expected to provide better huge opportunities for glycol ethers market in near future. (sbwire.com)
  • In 2013, Europe had the third-largest demand for glycol ethers market. (sbwire.com)
  • Increasing demand for glycol ethers from electronics and paints & coatings industry has been driving the market for glycol ethers in Europe. (sbwire.com)
  • Rest of the World market is likely to show optimistic growth for the glycol ethers market in upcoming years. (sbwire.com)
  • The research report provides analysis and information according to categories such as market segments, geographies, types and applications. (openpr.com)
  • This sorbitol report also includes Porters five forces model and value chain analysis of the market. (mrrse.com)
  • It captures ethylene glycol diethyl ether market trends, pays close attention to ethylene glycol diethyl ether manufacturers and names suppliers. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Ethylene Glycol Diethyl Ether (CAS 16484-86-9) Market Research Report 2018 contents were prepared and placed on the website in January, 2018. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Please note that Ethylene Glycol Diethyl Ether (CAS 16484-86-9) Market Research Report 2018 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Future Market Insights has announced the addition of the "Propylene Glycol Market: Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment 2014 - 2020' report to their offering. (sbwire.com)
  • VOC regulations continue to provide major challenges to existing coatings for many market applications, including architectural, wood finish, and industrial coatings. (pcimag.com)
  • Increasing application scope in sugar free gum formulations should drive xylitol market size. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) application was dominant have already penetrated the CSD and bottled water market and are poised for growth in durable applications such as alcoholic & hot beverage packaging, sheet/film market, food packaging and automotive industry. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Corncobs may witness tight supply dynamics due to demand in biofuel and food applications which may lead to production deficit and hinder xylitol market price trend. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Personal care application in Brazil xylitol market size may register over USD 1.7 million sales by 2023. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Key market players include Danisco (DuPont), Roquette Freres and Futaste Pharmaceutical. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Here you can view your reports and also access other useful services including related news, analysis, historical data and market alerts. (icis.com)
  • including updates on production, shutdowns and key transacted deals, keeping you informed of market developments as they happen. (icis.com)
  • The report involves insightful data on the main sectors of the Global Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Market . (galusaustralis.com)
  • The report has segmented market, by its types and applications. (galusaustralis.com)
  • The study on the Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether market provides complete report on changing market trends for this market. (galusaustralis.com)
  • Regional insights on the Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether market around several geographies has been covered in this insightful study, coupled with country-level analysis. (galusaustralis.com)
  • Report provides factors that are contributing to and influencing the expansion of the global Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether market. (galusaustralis.com)
  • We implemented a combination of top-down and bottom-up approaches to market size and analyzed key regional markets, dynamics and trends for different applications. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • MEGlobal does not knowingly market its ethylene glycol products into non-supported applications. (meglobal.biz)
  • A propylene glycol initiated, 400 molecular weight, homopolymer diol. (dow.com)
  • It is now well known that VPTT or LCST of the OEG-based polymers can be adjusted by changing the experimental conditions of their syntheses, in order to change their structures, including for instance the molecular weight, the architecture and the length of EG segment, the ratio and the structure of the comonomers, and the nature of the end groups. (springer.com)
  • 5. The process according to claim 2, wherein said functionalized aminopolyethylene glycol H-Y has a molecular weight of 500-30,000. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Columns processed for high-temperature applications, such as high molecular weight hydrocarbons. (restek.com)
  • Propylene glycol is miscible with water, chloroform, and acetone and is hygroscopic in nature. (openpr.com)
  • Increasing demand from cleaners, greasers, paints, agricultural chemicals and textile industry is driving the demand for glycol ethers in this region. (sbwire.com)
  • 2M Holdings Ltd. group includes Banner Chemicals Group, MP Storage & Blending, Packed Chlorine, SampleRite, Surfachem and CE-O2 Trockeneis Deutschland. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Propylene glycol is approved and used as a vehicle for topical, oral, and some intravenous pharmaceutical preparations in the U.S. and in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Propylene glycol is used for many industrial and consumer applications such as feed, food and beverages, pharmaceutical and cosmetic among others. (openpr.com)
  • Pharmaceutical compositions including such conjugates and methods of treating bone disorders. (google.co.uk)
  • Pharmaceutical compositions including such conjugates and methods of treating bone disorders by administering such conjugates are also disclosed. (google.co.uk)
  • Propylene Glycol Propylene glycol USP/EP (pharmaceutical grade) is the only grade of propylene glycol used in health-sensitive applications, such as foodstuffs, animal feed, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • 101 · We have compiled a list of Propylene Glycol suppliers in the USA. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Propylene Glycol Suppliers Ques Industries, Inc. - Cleveland, OH. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Western Europe had the largest demand for glycol ethers and is likely to follow similar trend over forecast period. (sbwire.com)
  • As more and more brick-and-mortar retail businesses are implementing proximity-based marketing campaigns, the applications of geofencing-based marketing solutions are poised to increase rapidly over the forecast period. (openpr.com)
  • For the forecast period mentioned above, estimates for all segments including type and application have been presented on a regional basis. (mmcthemonitor.com)
  • Related to this application, propylene glycol reacts with propylene oxide to give oligomers and polymers that are used to produce polyurethanes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wurtz named his new compound "glycol" because it shared qualities with both ethyl alcohol (with one hydroxyl group) and glycerin (with three hydroxyl groups). (wikipedia.org)
  • Application-specific columns for blood alcohol analysis - achieve baseline resolution in less than 3 minutes. (restek.com)
  • People who have mild to moderate alcohol intoxication usually recover well, although they may suffer symptoms including headache, nausea and vomiting for 1 or 2 days. (ada.com)
  • [3] The absorption rate of alcohol and associated risk of alcohol intoxication depends not only on the quantity of alcohol, but also on a number of other factors, including the context in which it was drunk. (ada.com)
  • 9 Depending on the synthetic pathway and conditions, there may be variations in the purity of the caprylyl glycol. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Edible polymers have appeared as a substitute for synthetic plastic for food applications and have received significant attention in recent years because of their advantages over synthetic polymer. (hindawi.com)
  • The water-to-glycol mixture typically contains 38 to 45 percent water. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • The resulting viscosity-temperature properties are Newtonian and give water glycols good low-temperature cold-start pump wear protection as well as minimizing cavitation. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Testing should be conducted initially to measure the water glycol fluid's ability to meet performance specifications. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • When charged to a system and during use, water glycol should be periodically tested as part of a maintenance condition-monitoring program. (machinerylubrication.com)
  • Propylene glycol is used in waterbased acrylic architectural paints to extend dry time which it accomplishes by preventing the surface from drying due to its slower evaporation rate compared to water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The freezing point of water is depressed when mixed with propylene glycol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coalescing aids is one of the essential part in water soluble paints where glycol ether helps in formation of high quality films. (sbwire.com)
  • End products include water and drink bottles, textiles, and carpet fiber. (eastman.com)
  • The highest yields of ethylene glycol occur at acidic or neutral pH with a large excess of water. (wikipedia.org)
  • A novel stimuli-responsive polymer, based on oligo(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (OEGDA) and methacrylic acid (MAA), P(OEGDA-MAA), is prepared by precipitation polymerization and is shown to have a LCST-type VPTT (volume phase transition temperature) at 33 °C in water and a UCST-type VPTT at 43 °C in ethanol, all at concentration of 1 mg/mL. (springer.com)
  • This is particularly true for P( N -isopropylacrylamide), PNIPAM, a thermosensitive polymer extensively studied for its potential biomedical applications [ 2 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 ] due to its VPTT in water around 32 °C, close to the human body temperature. (springer.com)
  • However, PEG in water is only thermoresponsive at elevated temperature and under pressure [ 18 ], which makes PEG unsuitable for many applications. (springer.com)
  • Water 87.0 TKPP 5.0 Sodium cocoamphopropionate 3.0 Monoethanolamine 2.0 Glycol ether EB 3.0 Preservatives, dyes q.s. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • A method to produce the above water-soluble mono-PEGylated compounds is also disclosed, comprising an interaction of a tetrapyrrole with an aminopolyethylene glycol containing a functionalized terminal fragment, as well as their use as photosensitizers in photodynamic therapy. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • In the traditional production process propylene glycol is made from propylene oxide reacted with water. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Glycol is also thicker and more viscous than water, making it more difficult to push through the pipes. (hpacmag.com)
  • If the system is originally designed for water, and then at the last minute changed over to glycol, you will most likely have problems as the initial sizing of components are no longer sufficient for the glycol system. (hpacmag.com)
  • The typical non-domestic uses of potable water may include dosing/lab use, operational use (e.g. heating medium systems), flushing operations, equipment use (e.g. diesel centrifuges) and sewage treatment. (hse.gov.uk)
  • EN 1717:2000 - Protection against pollution of potable water in drinking water installations and general requirements of devices to prevent pollution by backflow 5 . (hse.gov.uk)