A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.
A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.
A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.
A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.
Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Cells specialized to detect chemical substances and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Chemoreceptor cells may monitor external stimuli, as in TASTE and OLFACTION, or internal stimuli, such as the concentrations of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE in the blood.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Clinical manifestation consisting of a deficiency of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
A reduction in the amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
Abnormal breathing through the mouth, usually associated with obstructive disorders of the nasal passages.
The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
The act of BREATHING in.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.
Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
The position or attitude of the body.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The motor nerve of the diaphragm. The phrenic nerve fibers originate in the cervical spinal column (mostly C4) and travel through the cervical plexus to the diaphragm.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The act of BREATHING out.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
Part of the brain located in the MEDULLA OBLONGATA and PONS. It receives neural, chemical and hormonal signals, and controls the rate and depth of respiratory movements of the DIAPHRAGM and other respiratory muscles.
Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)
These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.
The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.
A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Partial or total surgical excision of the tongue. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
An infant during the first month after birth.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.
Surgical incision of the trachea.
Stretch receptors found in the bronchi and bronchioles. Pulmonary stretch receptors are sensors for a reflex which stops inspiration. In humans, the reflex is protective and is probably not activated during normal respiration.
The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.
The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.
The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.
Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A compound formed by the combination of hemoglobin and oxygen. It is a complex in which the oxygen is bound directly to the iron without causing a change from the ferrous to the ferric state.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.
The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
Failure of the SOFT PALATE to reach the posterior pharyngeal wall to close the opening between the oral and nasal cavities. Incomplete velopharyngeal closure is primarily related to surgeries (ADENOIDECTOMY; CLEFT PALATE) or an incompetent PALATOPHARYNGEAL SPHINCTER. It is characterized by hypernasal speech.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Back flow of gastric contents to the LARYNGOPHARYNX where it comes in contact with tissues of the upper aerodigestive tract. Laryngopharyngeal reflux is an extraesophageal manifestation of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.
Dyssomnias associated with disruption of the normal 24 hour sleep wake cycle secondary to travel (e.g., JET LAG SYNDROME), shift work, or other causes.
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Bicyclic bridged compounds that contain a nitrogen which has three bonds. The nomenclature indicates the number of atoms in each path around the rings, such as [2.2.2] for three equal length paths. Some members are TROPANES and BETA LACTAMS.
A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.
The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
The extra volume of air that can be expired with maximum effort beyond the level reached at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. Common abbreviation is ERV.
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.
The part of the brain that connects the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES with the SPINAL CORD. It consists of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA.
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An organophosphorus insecticide that inhibits ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Drugs designed to treat inflammation of the nasal passages, generally the result of an infection (more often than not the common cold) or an allergy related condition, e.g., hay fever. The inflammation involves swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the nasal passages and results in inordinate mucus production. The primary class of nasal decongestants are vasoconstrictor agents. (From PharmAssist, The Family Guide to Health and Medicine, 1993)
An involuntary or voluntary pause in breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness.
General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).
The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The lower portion of the BRAIN STEM. It is inferior to the PONS and anterior to the CEREBELLUM. Medulla oblongata serves as a relay station between the brain and the spinal cord, and contains centers for regulating respiratory, vasomotor, cardiac, and reflex activities.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A disorder in which the adductor muscles of the VOCAL CORDS exhibit increased activity leading to laryngeal spasm. Laryngismus causes closure of the VOCAL FOLDS and airflow obstruction during inspiration.
An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Institutional night care of patients.
The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.
Mechanical ventilation delivered to match the patient's efforts in breathing as detected by the interactive ventilation device.
The posture of an individual lying face down.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Contraction of the muscle of the PHARYNX caused by stimulation of sensory receptors on the SOFT PALATE, by psychic stimuli, or systemically by drugs.
The noninvasive measurement or determination of the partial pressure (tension) of oxygen and/or carbon dioxide locally in the capillaries of a tissue by the application to the skin of a special set of electrodes. These electrodes contain photoelectric sensors capable of picking up the specific wavelengths of radiation emitted by oxygenated versus reduced hemoglobin.
A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Biological actions and events that support the functions of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION of nerve tissue is delivered.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Plethysmographic determination in which the intensity of light reflected from the skin surface and the red cells below is measured to determine the blood volume of the respective area. There are two types, transmission and reflectance.
A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excessive HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE in adults. It is characterized by bony enlargement of the FACE; lower jaw (PROGNATHISM); hands; FEET; HEAD; and THORAX. The most common etiology is a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp79-80)
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.

Arousal from sleep shortens sympathetic burst latency in humans. (1/582)

1. Bursts of sympathetic activity in muscle nerves are phase-locked to the cardiac cycle by the sinoaortic baroreflexes. Acoustic arousal from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep reduces the normally invariant interval between the R-wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the peak of the corresponding sympathetic burst; however, the effects of other forms of sleep disruption (i.e. spontaneous arousals and apnoea-induced arousals) on this temporal relationship are unknown. 2. We simultaneously recorded muscle sympathetic nerve activity in the peroneal nerve (intraneural electrodes) and the ECG (surface electrodes) in seven healthy humans and three patients with sleep apnoea syndrome during NREM sleep. 3. In seven subjects, burst latencies were shortened subsequent to spontaneous K complexes (1.297 +/- 0.024 s, mean +/- s. e.m.) and spontaneous arousals (1.268 +/- 0.044 s) compared with latencies during periods of stable NREM sleep (1.369 +/- 0.023 s). In six subjects who demonstrated spontaneous apnoeas during sleep, apnoea per se did not alter burst latency relative to sleep with stable electroencephalogram (EEG) and breathing (1.313 +/- 0.038 vs. 1.342 +/- 0.026 s); however, following apnoea-induced EEG perturbations, burst latencies were reduced (1.214 +/- 0.034 s). 4. Arousal-induced reduction in sympathetic burst latency may reflect a temporary diminution of baroreflex buffering of sympathetic outflow. If so, the magnitude of arterial pressure perturbations during sleep (e.g. those caused by sleep disordered breathing and periodic leg movements) may be augmented by arousal.  (+info)

Firing properties of single vasoconstrictor neurones in human subjects with high levels of muscle sympathetic activity. (2/582)

1. Single-unit recordings were made from 19 postganglionic muscle vasoconstrictor axons via tungsten microelectrodes in the peroneal nerve in seven healthy subjects with many multi-unit sympathetic discharges at rest ('high group', 75 +/- 5 multi-unit bursts per 100 heart beats, mean +/- s.e.m.). The results were compared with previous data from 14 units in subjects with 21 +/- 2 multi-unit bursts per 100 heart beats ('low group'). 2. In the 'high group' the units fired spontaneously in 35 +/- 4 % of all cardiac intervals. One unit only ever fired once per cardiac interval, 14 units (74 %) generated maximally two to three spikes, and four units (21 %) up to four to five spikes. Of those cardiac intervals in which a unit fired, a single spike occurred in 78 %, two spikes in 18 %, three spikes in 4 % and four spikes in less than 1 % of cardiac intervals. Measured as the inverse of all interspike intervals, the mean rate was 0.33 +/- 0.04 Hz and the mean intraburst frequency 22.2 +/- 1.6 Hz. Most results were similar to those in the 'low group', but in the 'low group' heart rate was higher (64.5 vs. 50.4 beats min-1) and mean firing frequency was higher (0.49 +/- 0.06 Hz). 3. During increases of multi-unit burst activity evoked by sustained inspiratory-capacity apnoea the firing probability of nine units in the 'high group' increased from 33 +/- 6 to 56 +/- 3 % of the cardiac intervals. Simultaneously, the incidence of single spikes decreased and the incidence of multiple spikes per cardiac interval increased, resulting in an increase of mean firing frequency from 0. 23 +/- 0.04 Hz at rest to 1.04 +/- 0.14 Hz during the apnoea. 4. We conclude that single muscle vasoconstrictor neurones usually fire only a solitary spike during sympathetic bursts both in subjects with a high and in subjects with a low number of bursts at rest. Presumably, differences in the numbers of bursts are due mainly to differences in firing probability and recruitment of sympathetic fibres. During acute increases of multi-unit activity, both increases in discharge frequency and recruitment of additional neurones contribute to the increased intensity of an individual sympathetic burst.  (+info)

Inadvertent inhalation anaesthesia during surgery under retrobulbar eye block. (3/582)

I describe a case of inadvertent inhalation anaesthesia during surgery under retrobulbar anaesthesia and its management. Some of the hazards of supplementary oxygen delivery during monitored anaesthetic care and the actions taken to prevent this mishap recurring are discussed.  (+info)

Mechanisms of acute cardiovascular response to periodic apneas in sedated pigs. (4/582)

This study was designed to evaluate the importance of sympathoadrenal activation in the acute cardiovascular response to apneas and the role of hypoxemia in this response. In addition, we evaluated the contribution of the vagus nerve to apnea responses after chemical sympathectomy. In six pigs preinstrumented with an electromagnetic flow probe and five nonpreinstrumented pigs, effects of periodic nonobstructive apneas were tested under the following six conditions: room air breathing, 100% O2 supplementation, both repeated after administration of hexamethonium (Hex), and both repeated again after bilateral vagotomy in addition to Hex. With room air apneas, during the apnea cycle, there were increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP; from baseline of 108 +/- 4 to 124 +/- 6 Torr, P < 0.01), plasma norepinephrine (from 681 +/- 99 to 1,825 +/- 578 pg/ml, P < 0.05), and epinephrine (from 191 +/- 67 to 1,245 +/- 685 pg/ml, P < 0.05) but decreases in cardiac output (CO; from 3.3 +/- 0.6 to 2.4 +/- 0.3 l/min, P < 0.01) and cervical sympathetic nerve activity. With O2 supplementation relative to baseline, apneas were associated with small increases in MAP (from 112 +/- 4 to 118 +/- 3 Torr, P < 0.01) and norepinephrine (from 675 +/- 97 to 861 +/- 170 pg/ml, P < 0.05). After Hex, apneas with room air were associated with small increases in MAP (from 103 +/- 6 to 109 +/- 6 Torr, P < 0.05) and epinephrine (from 136 +/- 45 to 666 +/- 467 pg/ml, P < 0.05) and decreases in CO (from 3.6 +/- 0.4 to 3.2 +/- 0. 5 l/min, P < 0.05). After Hex, apneas with O2 supplementation were associated with decreased MAP (from 107 +/- 5 to 100 +/- 5 Torr, P < 0.05) and no other changes. After vagotomy + Hex, with room air and O2 supplementation, apneas were associated with decreased MAP (from 98 +/- 6 to 76 +/- 7 and from 103 +/- 7 to 95 +/- 6 Torr, respectively, both P < 0.01) but increased CO [from 2.7 +/- 0.3 to 3. 2 +/- 0.4 l/min (P < 0.05) and from 2.4 +/- 0.2 to 2.7 +/- 0.2 l/min (P < 0.01), respectively]. We conclude that sympathoadrenal activation is the major pressor mechanism during apneas. Cervical sympathetic nerve activity does not reflect overall sympathoadrenal activity during apneas. Hypoxemia is an important but not the sole trigger factor for sympathoadrenal activation. There is an important vagally mediated reflex that contributes to the pressor response to apneas.  (+info)

Assessment of effect of nasal continuous positive pressure on laryngeal opening using fibre optic laryngoscopy. (5/582)

AIM: To assess the effect of nasal continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) on the dimensions of the laryngeal opening. METHODS: Nine preterm infants who had previously received ventilatory support for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were studied. All were receiving nasal CPAP. The laryngeal opening was visualised using a fibre optic video camera system. The ratio of width to length of the opening was measured on and off CPAP. RESULTS: In eight of the infants the width: length ratio increased on CPAP; mean change for group +24.4% (95% CI +11.9 to +37.9). CONCLUSIONS: Nasal CPAP seems to dilate the larynx. This may explain the selective beneficial effects of CPAP on mixed and obstructive apnoea.  (+info)

Haemoptysis after breath-hold diving. (6/582)

Pulmonary oedema has been described in swimmers and self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (Scuba) divers. This study reports three cases of haemoptysis secondary to alveolar haemorrhage in breath-hold divers. Contributory factors, such as haemodynamic modifications secondary to immersion, cold exposure, exercise and exposure to an increase in ambient pressure, could explain this type of accident. Furthermore, these divers had taken aspirin, which may have aggravated the bleeding.  (+info)

Effects of capsaicin pretreatment on expiratory laryngeal closure during pulmonary edema in lambs. (7/582)

The present study, performed in nonsedated, conscious lambs, consisted of two parts. In the first part, we 1) examined for the first time whether a respiratory response to pulmonary C-fiber stimulation could be elicited in nonsedated newborns and 2) determined whether this response could be abolished by capsaicin pretreatment. Then, by using capsaicin-desensitized lambs, we studied whether pulmonary C fibers were involved in the sustained, active expiratory upper airway closure previously observed during pulmonary edema. Airflow and thyroarytenoid and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle electromyographic activities were recorded. In the first set of experiments, a 5-10 microg/kg capsaicin bolus intravenous injection in seven intact lambs consistently led to a typical pulmonary chemoreflex, showing that C fibers are functionally mature in newborn lambs. In the second series of experiments, eight lambs pretreated with 25-50 mg/kg subcutaneous capsaicin did not exhibit any respiratory response to 10-50 microg/kg intravenous capsaicin injection, implicating C fibers in the response. Finally, in the above capsaicin-desensitized lambs, we observed that halothane-induced high-permeability pulmonary edema did not cause the typical response of sustained expiratory upper airway closure seen in the intact lamb. We conclude that functionally mature C fibers are present and responsible for a pulmonary chemoreflex in response to capsaicin intravenous injection in nonsedated lambs. Capsaicin pretreatment abolishes this reflex. Furthermore, the sustained expiratory upper airway closure observed during halothane-induced pulmonary edema in intact nonsedated lambs appears to be related to a reflex involving stimulation of pulmonary C fibers.  (+info)

Effects of vagotomy on cardiovascular response to periodic apneas in sedated pigs. (8/582)

There are few studies investigating the influence of vagally mediated reflexes on the cardiovascular response to apneas. In 12 sedated preinstrumented pigs, we studied the effects of vagotomy during apneas, controlling for apnea periodicity and thoracic mechanical effects. Nonobstructive apneas were produced by paralyzing and mechanically ventilating the animals, then turning the ventilator off and on every 30 s. Before vagotomy, relative to baseline, apnea caused increased mean arterial pressure (MAP; +19 +/- 25%, P < 0.05), systemic vascular resistance (SVR; +33 +/- 16%, P < 0.0005), and heart rate (HR; +5 +/- 6%, P < 0.05) and decreased cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV; -16 +/- 10% P < 0.001). After vagotomy, no significant change occurred in MAP, SVR, and SV during apneas, but CO and HR increased relative to baseline. HR was always greater ( approximately 14%, P < 0.01) during the interapneic interval compared with during apnea. We conclude that vagally mediated reflexes are important mediators of the apneic pressor response. HR increases after apnea termination are related, at least in part, to nonvagally mediated reflexes.  (+info)

Define pneumogram. pneumogram synonyms, pneumogram pronunciation, pneumogram translation, English dictionary definition of pneumogram. n med a record of respiratory movements
In an effort to characterize significant neonatal apnea and evaluate the nursing diagnosis of apnea, apnea type and frequency were determined in 27 infants by continuous computer recording of heart rate, respiratory impedance, end-tidal CO2, and either or both transcutaneous oxygen and pulse oximetry. Of the 1,266 recorded apneas, 46% were central, 44% were mixed, and 10% were obstructive. Mixed apnea was associated with a longer mean duration and greater mean decrease in heart rate than central apnea. Apnea duration was positively correlated with both a decrease in heart rate and oxygen saturation (P , .001), and a lower baseline saturation was associated with a greater decrease in oxygen saturation during apnea (P = .002). Theophylline therapy had no effect on apnea duration or oxygen desaturation but resulted in a decrease in the mean heart rate decrease associated with apnea. Overall, nurses diagnosed 54% of all apneic episodes and were significantly poorer at detecting mixed and obstructive ...
We studied several predictors of severity of apnea and caretakers anxiety about home cardiorespiratory monitoring in 476 families with infants enrolled in a perinatal follow-up program. Thirty-six (8%) of the infants had apparent life-threatening events at home. These infants were compared with the remaining infants, who had benign outcomes. Normal pneumograms and normal cerebral computed tomographic scans predicted the absence of significant respiratory problems (99% and 100% true negative rates, respectively). Infants with these signs may not require home monitoring. This study used a stringent criterion of periodic breathing (| or = 3% of quiet time) in defining a normal pneumogram. A more common criterion (| or = 10%) would have accurately predicted only 45% and missed 55% of the infants with life-threatening events. Level of caretakers anxiety about monitoring was related to severity of apnea. Parental anxiety about monitoring may have been overestimated in previous research.
Ive had a strong urge to pee lately. More specifically, Ive had intense, acute bouts of urinary urgency that last from between 2 and 30 seconds and then fade with or without voiding. Im also experiencing polyuria (excess urine formation). This urinary urge is strongly associated with daytime apneic episodes (breath holding). Often these episodes come about after short bouts of self-induced hyperventilation (several to a dozen breaths). I have several cardiovascular responses that occur concurrent with these other effects. I experience bradycardia (slow heart rate), yet my blood pressure is very high. I have intense peripheral vasoconstriction (constriction of blood vessels in my skin and limbs). It likely that my blood pressure during the apneic episodes is above 200/150 mmHg, and possibly much, much higher with systolic pressures over 300mmHg and diastolic pressures over 200 mmHg. (note: hypertension is often defined as systolic pressure generally over 140mmHg and diastolic over 90 mmHg). ...
The duration of action of Succinylcholine is determined by its metabolism by plasma cholinesterase. So if there is abnormal plasma cholinesterase (=psuedocholinesterase), it will lead to delayed metabolism of succinylcholine as well as mivacirum, heroin, and cocaine. ...
During a breath-holding spell, your child holds his or her breath for a while before briefly losing consciousness. Breath-holding spells often happen after a trauma or an emotional upset. They occur most often in children under age 3. Breath-holding spells can be scary for both parents and children. But they are not usually a serious problem. And they often stop by the time your child is 5 or 6 years old.
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Definition of periodic breathing in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is periodic breathing? Meaning of periodic breathing as a legal term. What does periodic breathing mean in law?
Exposure to an audio recording of the mothers heartbeat and voice is linked to lower incidence of cardiorespiratory events in preterm infants, a new study has found.
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Definition of apneustic respiration in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is apneustic respiration? Meaning of apneustic respiration as a legal term. What does apneustic respiration mean in law?
Read the medical definition of apneic, a type of breathing problem. Read the rest of the medical definition of apneic, written by our doctors.
Hi all, Earlier today I got the chance to try dynamic apnea at my SCUBA clubs weekly pool session (usually Im busy monday nights and cant go). I...
Hi friends, I was given CPAP back in 2012. I never really used it. I dug it out and started using it recently. I wanted to start using it again because I quit smoking. I have many PVCS throughout the
How to measure acceleration by angle the pendulum?. Asked Afshin. Answer. If the pendulum makes an angle θ with the vertical, then a = g tan θ. This is based on the idea of pseudo force experienced by a body in an accelerated frame of reference.. When a body is in an accelerated frame of reference, it feels as if it is acted upon by a force equal to its mass multiplied by the acceleration of the system. Please have a look at the diagram below.. ...
Carnitine supplementation for preterm infants with recurrent apnoea: Cochrane systematic review answers are found in the Cochrane Abstracts powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Nasopharyngeal Reflux and Neonatal Apnea. T2 - Their Relationship. AU - Plaxico, David T.. AU - Loughlin, Gerald M.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1981/9. Y1 - 1981/9. N2 - Although oropharyngeal dysfunction has been reported as a cause of dysphagia in newborns, to our knowledge oropharyngeal dysfunction and neonatal apnea have not been associated previously. We studied two infants in whom apnea and bradycardia developed primarily while feeding. The diagnosis was established by observation of the swallowing mechanism using cinefluoroscopy while the infant ingested a dilute barium meal. Thickened formula feedings and use of a special nipple resulted in complete cessation of apnea and bradycardia. Careful attention to the details that surround episodes of apnea is essential so that morbidity and mortality from treatable causes of apnea can be minimized.. AB - Although oropharyngeal dysfunction has been reported as a cause of dysphagia in ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Apparent Life-Threatening Events In Children, Apparent Life Threatening Event In Infant, ALTE, BRUE, Brief Resolved Unexplained Event.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
If youve experienced this frightening situation firsthand, youve probably wondered how to deal with toddler breath-holding spells in the moment…and more importantly, how to prevent them from happening again.
article{14f1f0b5-9450-40c9-a646-73a81a8fdc92, abstract = {The concentration of the protein S100B in serum is used as a brain damage marker in various conditions. We wanted to investigate whether a voluntary, prolonged apnea in trained breath-hold divers resulted in an increase of S100B in serum. Nine trained breath-hold divers performed a protocol mimicking the procedures they use during breath-hold training and competition, including extensive preapneic hyperventilation and glossopharyngeal insufflation, in order to perform a maximum-duration apnea, i.e., static apnea (average: 335 s, range: 281-403 s). Arterial blood samples were collected and cardiovascular variables recorded. Arterial partial pressures of O2 and CO2 (PaO2 and PaCO2) were 128 Torr and 20 Torr, respectively, at the start of apnea. The degree of asphyxia at the end of apnea was considerable, with PaO2 and PaCO2 reaching 28 Torr and 45 Torr, respectively. The concentration of S100B in serum transiently increased from 0.066 ...
INTRODUCTION: Conventional apnea testing in patients with severe hypoxemia or hemodynamic instability with removal from the ventilator support is unsafe. We describe an alternative approach to apnea testing, which may be used in patients with hypoxia unable to undergo conventional apnea testing. METHODS: Case Report. A 42-year-old man had a severe traumatic brain injury resulting in diffuse cerebral edema and subarachnoid hemorrhage with herniation. His presentation was complicated by hypoxic respiratory failure from pulmonary contusions and hemorrhagic shock. On hospital day 2, the patient lost brain stem reflexes. Brain death testing with conventional apnea testing was attempted but aborted due to hypoxia. RESULTS: A modified apnea test was applied, which had been approved by appropriate hospital committees including critical care operations, ethics, and the brain death protocol council. Minute ventilation was gradually decreased by | /=50% to attain a PaCo2 level | /=20 mm Hg above baseline. The
The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2021 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook ...
Twenty-eight participants returned the questionnaire (85%). Every country has either specific law (93%) or guidelines issued by the scientific society (89%). Clinical examination, essential to the diagnosis, is the only requirement in 50% of countries. Coma, apnea, absence of corneal and cough reflexes are always necessary. Blood pressure and electrolytes are checked in 64% as mandatory prerequisites. The apnea test is legally defined in 86% of countries. Eighty-two percent of countries require achievement of a target paCO2 level while the Netherlands law states target apnea duration. Number of physicians (median 2, range 1 to 4), number of clinical examinations (median 2, 1 to 3), and minimum observation time (median 3 hours, 0 to 12) are variable requisites in different countries. In 50% of nations, additional tests are required. Hypothermia (4%), anoxic injury (7%), inability to complete clinical examination (61%), toxic drug levels (57%), and inconclusive apnea test (54%) are legal ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Beyond the Apnea Test. T2 - An Argument to Broaden the Requirement for Consent to the Entire Brain Death Evaluation. AU - Paquette, Erin. AU - Frader, Joel E. AU - Shah, Seema. AU - C. Tasker, Robert. AU - Truog, Robert. PY - 2020/6/2. Y1 - 2020/6/2. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85085285617&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85085285617&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1080/15265161.2020.1754523. DO - 10.1080/15265161.2020.1754523. M3 - Comment/debate. C2 - 32441597. AN - SCOPUS:85085285617. VL - 20. SP - 17. EP - 19. JO - American Journal of Bioethics. JF - American Journal of Bioethics. SN - 1526-5161. IS - 6. ER - ...
Many People Learned About Inspire Therapy for Sleep Apnea At Our Free Event.. Chicago ENT is the leading providers of Ear, Nose, & Throat services for snoring, sleep apnea, sinus infections, thyroid problems, and more in the Chicagoland area.
At-home sleep apnea tests are an inexpensive and convenient option for sleep apnea diagnosis. Learn more about these tests, their advantages, and how to prepare for them.
Complete your sleep apnea test in the comfort and security of your own home! WatchPat is the most advanced & accurate home sleep testing device in existence. This testing kit is disposable and does not require return shipping. Our testing kit is approved by the FDA, the FAA, & the Department Of Transportation.
Need to know more about Sleep Apnea Test? Find expert research & treatment advice from the American Sleep Association - Official Site.
Electively intubate if using a prostaglandin infusion , 15 nanogram/kg/min and external transfer is required, or if a high dose (, 20 nanogram/kg/min) prostaglandin strategy is planned. Intubation should also be considered for neuroprotection i.e. intracranial haemorrhage (NAI/haemorrhage disease of the newborn) or for cerebral oedema (meningitis/metabolic problem) or to help balance the circulations in pulmonary overcirculation e.g. hypoplastic left heart syndrome with high saturations (,85%) and signs of inadequate systemic circulation (elevated lactate, poor perfusion). Other indications for intubation include respiratory failure, recurrent apnoea, airway obstruction/loss of protective airway reflexes, GCS , 8, to facilitate safe imaging/line insertion or ongoing signs of shock unresponsive to 40 ml/kg of fluid resuscitation. NB Cardiovascular resuscitation should occur before induction of anaesthesia in the shocked patient.. Support patient with PEEP using Ayres T-Piece and face mask ...
AHI - Stands for Apnea Hypopnea Index and is the way of measuring the severity of sleep apnea. This is a count of the number of times you experience apneic or hypopneic episodes in one hour. READ MORE. Allergic reaction - This is an immune response to something non-infectious, e.g. pollen or pet dander.. Allergic rhinitis - Nasal inflammation/blockage caused by an allergic reaction.. Anticholinergic nasal spray - A type of nasal spray which blocks the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which in certain areas of the body can activate nasal mucus glands. This type of spray provides relief from a runny nose. READ MORE. Antihistamine - A type of medication used to block the action of histamine, a prominent chemical released during allergic reactions. Antihistamines usually come in nasal spray or pill form.. Apnea - Literally translates to no breathing.. Apneic episode - A period of 10 seconds or more where your breathing stops during sleep. The number of these in an hour helps to ...
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Our site may use order forms to allow users to request information, products, and services.. Your Doctors Right to Privacy. We will respect your doctors right to privacy. A doctor typically does not give his/her e-mail address to the parents/guardians of patients. We will not provide the e-mail addresses of doctor(s) in the local practice to users of their site without the doctor(s) permission. Their site is restricted to use by whomever they wish, and they may deny access to their site to one or more prior users. In unusual cases, doctors may change their private sites access code and arrange for us to e-mail the new access code to approved users.. Cookies. We use cookies to deliver content specific to your interests and to save your doctors access code so you dont have to re-enter it each time you visit your doctors site on http://www.remedyconnect.com.. Links. This site contains links to other sites. RemedyConnect.com is not responsible for the privacy practices or the content of such ...
An arterial blood gas and end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) were measured at baseline and hemodynamic monitoring and pulse oximetry were monitored throughout. Using the formula: PaCO2 of 10 mmHg = pH of 0.8, it was predicted what EtCO2 was required to achieve a PaCO2 sufficient to cause a pH 7.20. A gas mixture of 3% CO2:97% O2 was then administered through the ventilator adjusting an IMV rate of 2-4 according to the rise in EtCO2. Once the predicted EtCO2 was reached, an blood gas was repeated. The PaCO2-EtCO2 gradient was also calculated pre and post testing. Respiratory movements were monitored by both the respiratory flow loops and by direct visualization by a physician. ...
Sleep apnea testing should be reserved for those with unexplained daytime sleepiness, as others might not see the same cardiovascular and other outcome benefits, the American College of Physicians rec
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I think there will be side effects in the long term. Thoughts anyone? _________________ The new record in breath-holding recently went to a Swiss man who didnt breathe for nearly 20 minutes. Scientists explain how he did it. By Emily Sohn | Wed Feb 17, 2010 08:04 AM ET Peter Colat, a Swiss freediver, held his breath underwater for 19 minutes and 21 seconds, breaking the world record in breath-holding. AP THE GIST:
In a prospective longitudinal study, children with severe breath holding spells (BHS) were enrolled to evaluate the effect of oral iron in decreasing the frequency of BHS and to document the natural history of such spells in children not treated and
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Lets get this out of the way from the start - O.Children sound very like The National. Matt Berninger and his gang cast a long shadow over everything on Apnea,
Background: Endogenous triggers such as voluntary breath-holding induce various cardiovascular responses typically including modification of blood CO2. During dynamic exe..
To assess the blood pressure of former preterm and term matched adolescent controls, and identify risk factors associated with blood pressure at 16 years. *Note: All published information has been collected from the article referenced in the Marker Paper box below. Therefore, there may be variations with more advanced versions of the study ...
Carboxy therapy refers to the cutaneous and subcutaneous administration of carbon dioxide gas [CO2] for therapeutic purposes. Find out more about Carboxy Therapy
Looking for online definition of apnea test in the Medical Dictionary? apnea test explanation free. What is apnea test? Meaning of apnea test medical term. What does apnea test mean?
A Home Sleep Apnea Test (HSAT) is a test that uses a small portable sleep recorder to be worn overnight while you sleep in the comfort of your own home. The portable home sleep recorder will record your oxygen levels, your breathing, your heart rate, chest movements and show if you were snoring and what position you slept in. The results of an overnight Home Sleep Apnea Test will be interpreted by a board-certified sleep physician to diagnose sleep apnea.. ...
Apnea Test on ECMO can be challenging for several reasons. This report provides good information on how to accomplish the Apnea test on ECMO successfully.
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Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) mediates many of the systemic and cellular responses to intermittent hypoxia (IH), which is an experimental model that simulates O2 saturation profiles occurring with recurrent apnea. IH-evoked HIF-1α synthesis and stability are due to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidases, especially Nox2. However, the mechanisms by which IH activates Nox2 are not known. We recently reported that IH activates xanthine oxidase (XO) and the resulting increase in ROS elevates intracellular calcium levels. Since Nox2 activation requires increased intracellular calcium levels, we hypothesized XO-mediated calcium signaling contributes to Nox activation by IH. We tested this possibility in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells subjected to IH consisting alternating cycles of hypoxia (1.5% O2 for 30 sec) and normoxia (21% O2 for 5 min). Kinetic analysis revealed that IH-induced XO preceded Nox activation. Inhibition of XO activity either by allopurinol or by siRNA
Background: Central apneas can be characterized by measuring the apnea duration, ventilatory phase and respiratory cycle duration. Cardiogenic and idiopathic central apneas have distinct characteristics. Aim: We present on this report the polygraphic features of High altitude central apneas (HACA). Methods: 63 drivers, working the morning shift in a Peruvian Mine and sleeping at 6625 feet above sea level, were tested on their usual nocturnal sleep periods, and in their own sleeping quarters using the Apnea Link plus. Recording was performed on the 2nd day of working cycle. Results: 59 were analyzed. 46 were normal, 6 had Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and 7 central apnea. Patients with central apnea: Age 37.3±19.4 years, BMI 28.7±3.2 kg/m2, Epworth score 3.4±2.7, Lake-Louis score 0.4±0.8, AHI 35.7±19.3, AHI central 13.4±14.2. 85% patients with central apneas they have intermittent exposure to high altitude. Characterization of HACA: ...
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First group: Uneventful prematurity → straight forward anesthesia Second group: Ventilatory support-sepsis-PDA-IVH-NEC-multiple medications-BPD/chronic lung disease of the newborn-extubated with great difficulty. The main concern is postoperative apnea until 6-12 Mon. Goals: Avoid intubation/ventilation Avoid postoperative apnea Common surgeries: 1- Laser/cryosurgery for ROP → Face mask/LMA, avoid IV drugs in general 2- Inguinal hernia repair → awake caudal without any drug supplementation or combined with inhalation anesthesia via LMA 3- Circumcision → face mask with penile block ...
Up to 14% of the U.S. population is estimated to have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), while the outcomes of the treatments have variable results. In the current study, a three-dimensional fluid-structure interaction modeling was applied to simulate the upper airway to identify the precise location, severity, and characteristic of airway collapse. This was accomplished using Simpleware® and ANSYS® software applied to a 3-D rendering of the airway in a real patient with severe OSA. During this simulation, areas which are prone to collapse and precipitate apneic episodes were identified at the tip of the soft palate and the base of the tongue, with intrathoracic pressure as low as -1370 Pa ...
Finally, your surgeon will close the incision wound and throat is irrigated and suctioned to remove the accumulated blood and fluid.. The mouth gag is then removed, and the teeth and tongue are examined for any injury.. The shape or appearance of the palate after healing is generally quite different because there is no longer a uvula dangling down the center, but instead, there is a usually smooth curved arc across the palate. Also, it looks significantly shorter.. It is obligatory for you to stay overnight in the hospital.. This procedure, in general, reduces the rate of apneic episodes in half. So you may still end up needing other forms of treatment. A sleep study is conducted around 3 months after surgery to evaluate the results of the surgery. ...
The term ALTE in pediatrics had previously referred to apparent life-threatening event. This event was characterized by some combination of apnea, color change, change in muscle tone, choking or gagging and was also witnessed by and distressing to a caregiver. This was the definition from the National Institute of Health (NIH) in 1986. Because an ALTE was a diagnosis based on symptomatology rather than pathophysiology, the differential diagnosis was broad.. In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a new clinical practice guideline that recommended the replacement of the term ALTE with the new term BRUE (pronounced brew) which stands for brief resolved unexplained event. This is the first AAP guideline that specifically addresses these events. The new guideline and change in terminology are based on a literature review of ALTEs from 1970 through 2014. The new term better reflects the transient nature and lack of clear cause of such events, which are rarely life-threatening ...
Emergency Medicine is a chapter in the book, Pediatrics, containing the following 1 pages: Apparent Life-Threatening Events In Children.
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An M or F appearing at the end of a spells name in the spell lists denotes a spell with a material or focus component, respectively, that is not normally included in a spell component pouch. An Xdenotes a spell with an XP component paid by the caster. Order of Presentation: In the spell lists and the spell descriptions that follow them, the spells are presented in alphabetical order by name except for those belonging to certain spell chains. When a spells name begins with lesser, greater, or mass, the spell description is alphabetized under the second word of the spell name instead. Hit Dice: The term Hit Dice is used synonymously with character levels for effects that affect a number of Hit Dice of creatures. Creatures with Hit Dice only from their race, not from classes, have character levels equal to their Hit Dice. Caster Level: A spells power often depends on caster level, which is defined as the casters class level for the purpose of casting a particular spell. A creature ...
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Select one spell. You cast that spell with greater than normal power.. Prerequisites: Int 13, Spell Focus.. Benefit: Select one spell of a school for which you have taken the Spell Focus feat. Treat your caster level as being two higher for all level-variable effects of the spell.. Every time you gain an even level in the spellcasting class you chose your spell from, you can choose a new spell to replace the spell selected with this feat, and that spell becomes your specialized spell.. Special: You can gain this feat multiple times. Its effects do not stack. Each time you take the feat, it applies to a different spell.. ...
INFORMATION ON APNEA BOARD FORUMS OR ON APNEABOARD.COM SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED AS MEDICAL ADVICE. ALWAYS SEEK THE ADVICE OF A PHYSICIAN BEFORE SEEKING TREATMENT FOR MEDICAL CONDITIONS, INCLUDING SLEEP APNEA. INFORMATION POSTED ON THE APNEA BOARD WEB SITE AND FORUMS ARE PERSONAL OPINION ONLY AND NOT NECESSARILY A STATEMENT OF FACT ...
Jerry The King Lawler has again recovered from a health scare -- a March 21 stroke that threatened his appearance at WrestleMania
Feeling CARDIO-RESPIRATORY ARREST while using Ativan? CARDIO-RESPIRATORY ARREST Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Ativan Reports and Side Effects.
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Siphons health from the target every 1 second for 10 sec. This is an NPC Ability. A spell from World of Warcraft: Legion. Always up to date with the latest patch.
Periodically drains the victim of health, healing the caster in the process. This is an NPC Ability. A spell from World of Warcraft: Legion.
Finding out what causes dizzy spells can spell relief for many people, while yet others might never know the cause of their dizzy spells and accept them as part
It should look about the same today. (Update (5:13): Something happened when I posted this before leaving the house this morning. This is kind of pointless now but I will post it anyway...
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I think this has been mentioned before, but would it be possible to add spell check to this forum? Im not an idiot, but I forget how to spell words, espec...
Medicine portal Apnea and Work Apnea-hypopnea index Apnea of prematurity Expiratory apnea Freediving Freediving blackout ... The word apnea (or apnoea) uses combining forms of a- + -pnea, from Greek Greek: ἄπνοια, from ἀ-, privative, πνέειν, to breathe ... Apnea (BrE: apnoea) is the temporal cessation of breathing. During apnea, there is no movement of the muscles of inhalation,[ ... During sleep, people with severe sleep apnea can have over thirty episodes of intermittent apnea per hour every night. Apnea ...
"Apnea" ("Apnoea") is a song recorded and written by Guatemalan recording artist Ricardo Arjona, released on 4 March 2014. The ... List of Billboard number-one Latin songs of 2014 "Ricardo Arjona estrena "Apnea", primer sencillo de Viaje, su nuevo disco". " ... "Apnea" was the best word to fulfill his journey (Viaje). The music video was nominated for Video of the Year at the Lo Nuestro ...
Constantly breathing out without breathing in is also considered as expiratory apnea. Apnea v t e (Medical treatments, All stub ... Expiratory apnea is a voluntary condition performed by a patient during a doctor's examination of the heart. By breathing out ...
... (STA) is a discipline in which a person holds their breath (apnea) underwater for as long as possible, and need ... Static apnea is defined by the International Association for Development of Apnea (AIDA International) and is distinguished ... There is a variation of the static apnea discipline where it's possible to breathe 100% oxygen for up to 30 minutes prior to ... Beta blockers (doping in sport of freediving; prolong every type of apnea by reducing heart rate, blood pressure and cardiac ...
There are three major categories of apnea known as central, obstructive, and mixed apnea. Central apnea is characterized by ... Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one and it is more common in premature infants. Symptoms of infantile apnea ... Cases of obstructive apnea are rarely found in infants that are healthy. Mixed apnea is a combination of both central and ... As children grow and develop, infantile apnea usually does not persist. Infantile apnea may be related to some cases of sudden ...
... is a discipline of competitive freediving, also known as competitive apnea. Dynamic apnea covers two of the eight ... The other categories recognized are: static apnea, no limit, variable weight, free immersion, constant weight, constant weight ... International Association for Development of Apnea): dynamic with fins (DYN) and dynamic without fins (DNF). Both disciplines ... Competitive apnea disciplines, All stub articles, Underwater diving stubs). ...
... is often diagnosed with an overnight sleep study. For a diagnosis of sleep apnea, more than five episodes per hour ... "Sleep Apnea: Who Is At Risk for Sleep Apnea?". NHLBI: Health Information for the Public. U.S. Department of Health and Human ... Sleep apnea may be either obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), in which breathing is interrupted by a blockage of air flow, central ... Sleep apnea, also spelled sleep apnoea, is a sleep disorder in which pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during ...
... due to a medication or substance and Treatment Emergent Central Apnea (also called Complex Sleep Apnea). ... which is also the proper machine for those who have central sleep apnea or mixed/complex apnea. Central sleep apnea is less ... The Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) is expressed as the number of apneas or hypopneas per hour of sleep. As noted above, in central ... Central sleep apnea (CSA) or central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is a sleep-related disorder in which the effort to breathe is ...
Free immersion (FIM) is an AIDA International freediving discipline in which the freediver dives under water without the use of propulsion equipment, but only by pulling on the rope during descent and ascent. Performances may be done head first or feet first during the descent, or a combination of the two. The current record holders are Petar Klovar (Croatia) with a depth of 132m (433ft), set on 6 Oct 2022 in Kaş, Antalya, Turkey, William Trubridge (New Zealand) with a depth of 124 meters (406 feet), set on 16 June 2016 in Dean's Blue Hole, Bahamas and Sayuri Kinoshita (Japan) with 97 meters (318 feet), set on 26 July 2018 in the Bahamas. Portal: Underwater diving McKie, N (2004). "Freediving in cyberspace". Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society. 34: 101-3. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-05.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link) Staff (3 May 2016). "William Trubridge sets two freediving world records in three days". stuff.co.nz. "Free ...
No-limit apnea is an AIDA International freediving discipline of competitive freediving, also known as competitive apnea, in ... Competitive apnea - Underwater diving without breathing apparatus McKie, N (2004). "Freediving in cyberspace". Journal of the ... This form of diving is considered extremely dangerous by diving professionals.[citation needed][who?] No-limit apnea has ... Schagatay E (December 2011). "Predicting performance in competitive apnea diving. Part III: deep diving". Diving and Hyperbaric ...
... can be readily identified from other forms of infant apnea such as obstructive apnea, hypoventilation ... Central apnea can be detected quickly since it results in absence of respiratory movements. Obstructive apnea can be detected ... Apnea is traditionally classified as either obstructive, central, or mixed. Obstructive apnea may occur when the infant's neck ... and reflux associated apnea with an infant pneumogram or infant apnea/sleep study. It has been reported that the incidence of ...
Criteria defining an apnea or a hypopnea vary. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) defines an apnea as a reduction in ... To grade the severity of sleep apnea, the number of events per hour is reported as the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). An AHI of ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea is differentiated from central sleep apnea (CSA), which is characterized by episodes of reduction or ... The terms obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) may be used to refer to ...
... static apnea (STA), dynamic apnea without fins (DNF), dynamic with fins (DYN), free immersion (FIM), and dynamic apnea bi-fins ... Constant weight (CWT) is a freediving discipline recognised by AIDA, the International Association for the Development of Apnea ... CS1 maint: unfit URL, Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Competitive apnea ...
The Apnea-Hypopnea Index or Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI) is an index used to indicate the severity of sleep apnea. It is ... Apneas (pauses in breathing) must last for at least 10 seconds and be associated with a decrease in blood oxygenation to be ... Apnea is the complete absence of airflow through your nose and mouth. Hypoapnea is a partial collapse of your airway, limiting ... The AHI is calculated by dividing the number of apnea events by the number of hours of sleep. The AHI values for adults are ...
The European Sleep Apnea Database (ESADA) (also referred to with spelling European Sleep Apnoea Database and European Sleep ... "Sleep Apnea Network / European Sleep Apnea Database (ESADA) - A Brief Summary". ESRS Newsletter. European Sleep Research ... Grote, Ludger (May 2012). "Sleep Apnea Network / European Sleep Apnea Database (ESADA) - An Update" (PDF). ESRS Newsletter. ... "Relationship between mild to moderate renal dysfunction and obstructive sleep apnea: Data from the European sleep apnea ...
Rolling, Alice (Aug 2020). "Sleep Apnea - American Sleep Apnea Association (ASAA)". American Sleep Apnea Association. Archived ... The American Sleep Apnea Association (ASAA) is a non-profit organization founded in 1990 by persons with sleep apnea, health ... "American Sleep Apnea Association, IBM launch sleep-focused ResearchKit app". Mobi Health News. March 2, 2016. Retrieved October ... The association offers education and advocacy services to improve the lives of sleep apnea patients. In March 2016, the ...
The men's 50 m apnoea competition in finswimming at the 2013 World Games took place on 27 July 2013 at the Hernando Botero ...
The men's 50 m apnoea competition in finswimming at the 2001 World Games took place on 25 August 2001 at the Akita Prefectural ...
The men's 50 m apnoea competition in finswimming at the 2005 World Games took place on 22 July 2005 at the Schwimmstadion in ...
The women's apnoea 50 m event in finswimming at the 2022 World Games took place on 8 July 2022 at the Birmingham Crossplex in ...
The women's 50 m apnoea competition in finswimming at the 2001 World Games took place on 24 August 2001 at the Akita ...
The women's apnoea 50 m event in finswimming at the 2017 World Games took place on 21 July 2017 at the Orbita Indoor Swimming ...
The men's 50 m apnoea competition in finswimming at the 2009 World Games took place on 24 July 2009 at the Kaohsiung Swimming ...
The women's 50 m apnoea competition in finswimming at the 2009 World Games took place on 23 July 2009 at the Kaohsiung Swimming ...
The men's apnoea 50 m event in finswimming at the 2017 World Games took place on 22 July 2017 at the Orbita Indoor Swimming ...
"ANAE-731, by APNEA". APNEA. Retrieved 2018-04-07. "beatro.co.kr". beatro.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-04-08. "위너 출신 남태현, ...
For example, sleep apnea is a condition where there is partial, or complete, blockage of breathing during sleep. In addition, ... Retrieved October 4, 2014 from http://www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/understanding-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome. Pang ...
"Freediving and Apnea School , notanx". 10 February 2013. Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2019 ... "Apnea Mania". 2007. Archived from the original on 28 January 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2008. "AIDA International". 2010. ... He has personally held several UK records in depth apnea free-diving disciplines recognized by AIDA International. His Club ... Marcus Greatwood (1 February 2008), NoTanx UK Free Immersion Apnea Record -61m, archived from the original on 21 December 2021 ...
"How to Stop Snoring". Sleep Apnea. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2015. Arnold, Ria; Issar, ... sleep apnea or idiopathic hypersomnia. Some persons with EDS, including those with hypersomnias like narcolepsy and idiopathic ... sleep apnea, idiopathic hypersomnia, or restless legs syndrome; disorders such as clinical depression or atypical depression; ...
"Apnea film". IMDb. n.d. Retrieved 18 July 2017. "Apnea Variety Review". Variety. n.d. Retrieved 22 January 2013. "Apnea The ... "Apnea Awards". filmfestival.gr. n.d. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2013. "Apnea Awards". ... "Apnea Glaskow" (in Greek). tovima.gr. n.d. Retrieved 22 January 2013. "Greece 11". mcf.gr. n.d. Archived from the original on 9 ... In 2010, Ari Bafalouka's (Director) film entitled 'Apnea', where Andriana co-starred with well known Greek actors such as ...
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... apnea) during sleep, which are associated with partial or complete closure of the throat (pper airway). Explore symptoms, ... Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which individuals experience pauses in breathing ( ... Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which individuals experience pauses in breathing (apnea) during sleep, which are ... Obstructive sleep apnea is a common condition. It is estimated to affect 2 to 4 percent of children and at least 10 percent of ...
Integrative and Comparative Physiology on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is a disorder in which the upper airway is ...
The Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) is the number of times a patient experiences apnea or hypopnea during one night divided by the ... Sleep apnea occurs in 4% of adult men and 2% of adult women aged 30 to 60. Most commonly, obstructive sleep apnea involves the ... Normal sleep AHI is fewer than five events per hour on average; mild sleep apnea is five to 14 events; moderate, 15 to 29; and ... Severe Sleep Apnea Diagnosis Panics Reporter Until He Finds a Simple, No-Cost Solution ...
Courier-Journal medical writer Laura Ungar discusses two approaches to diagnosing sleep apnea -- including an in-home test. ...
Apnea is defined by the cessation of respiratory airflow. The length of time necessary to be qualified as a true apneic event ... Mixed apnea. Mixed apnea has characteristics of both central apnea and obstructive apnea. Examples can include a patient with a ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common form of obstructive apnea in children. Obstructive sleep apnea is on the sleep ... apnea of prematurity, BRUE, obstructive sleep apnea, and miscellaneous forms of apnea that are toxin mediated, secondary to ...
Keyword:Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Papers. Cardiac Arrhythmia and Conduction Disturbances on Patients with Obstructive ... Sleep Apnea: Clinical Implications and Technical Solution. Hong Lien Nguyen Thi, Khuyen Pham Thi, Bich Hue Bui Thi, Nhu Thang ...
... Clin Chest Med. 2010 Jun;31(2):203-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2010.02.010. ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common form of sleep-disordered breathing, has a high and rising prevalence in the general ...
Sleep apnea, a condition marked by periodic interruptions in breathing during sleep, has been linked to an increased risk of ... Sleep Apnea Linked to Silent Strokes Breathing Pauses During Sleep Tied to Brain Lesions ... The study offers "good evidence linking" sleep apnea to silent stroke, Greenberg tells WebMD. But this is just an observation ... But there hasnt been much research exploring the relationship between sleep apnea and silent strokes, says researcher Jessica ...
Integrative and Comparative Physiology on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is a disorder in which the upper airway is ... Did you know that dogs can develop sleep apnea? Breeds with shorter faces such as bulldogs, pugs and Boston terriers are prone ... Integrative and Comparative Physiology on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is a disorder in which the upper airway is ... learning as well as structural changes induced by conditions that mimic sleep apnea. Their findings confirmed that estrogens ...
Obstructive sleep apnea is becoming more prevalent in adults and children in our society. Obstructive sleep apnea... ... According to the Mayo Clinic there are three types of Sleep Apnea: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), Central Sleep Apnea and ... obstructive apnea and finally the combination of both, mixed/ complex apnea. Although these three types of apnea have differing ... Sleep Apnea Disorder. scary thing but this happens to millions of people each year. One of the causes of this is Sleep Apnea. ...
Figure. Prevalence of sleep apnea among US male veterans, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005-2014. Error bars ... Prevalence and Correlates of Sleep Apnea Among US Male Veterans, 2005-2014. ...
How are obstructive sleep-apnea and metabolic syndrome linked, independent of obesity as a shared risk factor? ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly associated with the metabolic syndrome or its core components, partly due to the common ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the metabolic syndrome have a strong association with each other owing to their common ... Does Race Affect Sleep Apnea Mortality Rates? 0.25 CME / CE / ABIM MOC Credits Clinical Review ...
Check out I need a CPAP Sleep Apnea machine. on Indiegogo. ... I need a CPAP Sleep Apnea machine. , ...
Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which premature infants stop breathing for 15 to 20 seconds during sleep. AOP ... What Is Apnea of Prematurity?. Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is when a premature (or preterm) baby:. *pauses breathing for more ... If Your Baby Is on a Home Apnea Monitor. Although apnea spells usually end by the time most preemies go home, a few will ... What Happens in Apnea of Prematurity?. Apnea of prematurity is fairly common in preemies. Doctors usually diagnose the ...
Learn about the causes and symptoms of sleep apnea and how to manage your condition. ... Sleep apnea is a common condition in which your breathing stops and restarts many times while you sleep. ... There are two types of sleep apnea.. *Obstructive sleep apnea happens when your upper airway becomes blocked many times while ... Sleep apnea is a common condition in which your breathing stops and restarts many times while you sleep. This can prevent your ...
Sleep apnea affects your mood. Because your airway is blocked, theres less ... sleep apnea doesnt cause depression but it is a serious sleep disorder. ... But no, sleep apnea doesnt cause depression. Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder. Obstructive sleep apnea is the most ... Sleep apnea affects mood.. Sleep apnea affects your mood. Because your airway is blocked, theres less oxygen going to your ...
Millions of them have a common condition called obstructive sleep apnea, a respiratory disorder marked by upper airway ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Pulmonary Hypertension, Research, Respiratory, Sleep, Sleep Apnea, ... According to Krystal, there are several typical warning signs for sleep apnea. He explains that someone may show one or more of ... For many people with mild cases of sleep apnea, losing weight can help relieve obstruction of the airway and improve sleep. For ...
Weve known for some time that sleep apnea is associated with elevated risk of stroke. But this new research shows just how ... The news that sleep apnea is a risk factor for stroke isnt new. ... Silent Stroke and Sleep Apnea. The news that sleep apnea is a ... Sleep apnea has been shown to cause sexual problems in both men and women. This study showed women with sleep apnea had ... The news that sleep apnea is a risk factor for stroke isnt new. Weve known for some time that sleep apnea is associated with ...
Treatments and Tools for apnea. Find apnea information, treatments for apnea and apnea symptoms. ... apnea - MedHelps apnea Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ... I recently spent a night with an oximeter as I needed to do a stage 4 sleep apnea test. ... ...
Apnea of Prematurity. What is apnea of prematurity?. Apnea is a term that means breathing has stopped for more than 20 seconds ... How is apnea of prematurity diagnosed?. Its important to find out if the apnea is caused by prematurity or if it is caused by ... Key points about apnea of prematurity. *Apnea is a term that means breathing has stopped for more than 20 seconds. It can ... How is apnea of prematurity managed?. Most premature babies outgrow apnea as they mature. But sometimes your baby may be sent ...
The webinar Diagnosis and Management of Sleep Apnea in Cardiology Patients, produced by Sleep Review and sponsored by Itamar ... May 13, 2019 , Central Sleep Apnea, Heart, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Webinars , 0 , ... The group actively studies and has published on the role of sleep apnea in the formation and progression of AF, as well as the ... The webinar Diagnosis and Management of Sleep Apnea in Cardiology Patients, produced by Sleep Review and sponsored by Itamar ...
... and BiPAP are all types of flow generators that may be prescribed for the treatment of sleep apnea. Heres how they work. ... Surgery for Sleep Apnea. There are many types of surgery for sleep apnea. Learn more surgical options and their risks here. ... Surgery for Sleep Apnea. There are many types of surgery for sleep apnea. Learn more surgical options and their risks here. ... Complex sleep apnea syndrome is less common, and it means that you have a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central ...
Apnea linked to higher entorhinal cortex tau PET signal ... Alzheimers Biomarker Tied to Sleep Apnea. - Apnea linked to ... Apnea was witnessed in 43 participants (15%). Witnessed apnea was significantly associated with tau burden in the entorhinal ... PHILADELPHIA -- Sleep apnea was tied to higher tau protein burden in the entorhinal cortex, a preliminary cross-sectional study ... "But its also possible that higher levels of tau in other regions may predispose a person to sleep apnea, so longer studies are ...
... can keep you breathing easy if you have sleep apnea. ... Sleep apnea. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http:// ... Continuous positive airway pressure is a treatment option for sleep apnea.. As you sleep, CPAP provides air at a pressure just ...
TheWashingtonNote.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon. ...
ROACH: My husbands apnea causes him to stop breathing 50 times an hour. He refuses to use tiny tubes to put over his nostrils ...
Learn how tongue muscle exercises may help to strengthen the airway and relieve heartburn and obstructive sleep apnea. ... There is some evidence that it can decrease sleep apnea severity. Research demonstrated a decrease in the apnea-hypopnea index ... Obstructive sleep apnea: focus on myofunctional therapy. Nat Sci Sleep. 2018;10:271-286. Published 2018 Sep 6. doi:10.2147/NSS. ... It may be an attractive alternative to other therapies for sleep apnea. For example, you may be able to avoid the use of ...
A massive recall of millions of sleep apnea machines has stoked anger and frustration among patients, and U.S. officials are ... Massive sleep apnea device recall drags on, stoking frustration by: The Associated Press via Nexstar Media Wire ... Untreated sleep apnea can cause people to stop breathing hundreds of times per night, leading to dangerous drowsiness and ... WASHINGTON (AP) - A massive recall of millions of sleep apnea machines has stoked anger and frustration among patients, and U.S ...
Sleep apnea is a general term for breathing problems during sleep.. "The body is struggling to breathe all night long," said ... Managing Sleep Apnea. 18 Million Americans Suffer From Disorder April 2, 2015. ... "Im a person by the grace of god I am sitting here," said Suellen Meyer, who suffers from sleep apnea. ... "At the end of each apnea there is a gasping wake up and constantly interrupts the sleep cycle," he said. ...
  • I need a CPAP Sleep Apnea machine. (indiegogo.com)
  • Breathing devices such as continuous positive air pressure (CPAP) machines and lifestyle changes are common sleep apnea treatments . (nih.gov)
  • There are three main types of machines used in the treatment of sleep apnea: APAP, CPAP, and BiPAP. (healthline.com)
  • The continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) unit is the most prescribed machine for sleep apnea. (healthline.com)
  • Still, CPAP is used most often because it's the simplest and most extensively studied treatment for sleep apnea. (healthline.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disorder with significant morbidity and impact on quality of life that can be improved by treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). (cdc.gov)
  • The present study contributes to understanding the relationship of nasal /upper airway mechanisms to the development of sleep apnea in this population and explores the possibility of improving comfort and adherence to CPAP treatment by modifying how CPAP is delivered. (cdc.gov)
  • Sleep apnea is often treated with a CPAP machine or other machine that prevents your airways from closing during sleep. (healthwise.net)
  • CPAP machines, Sleep Apnea surgery and dental appliances. (sleepguide.com)
  • As soon as I began using a CPAP machine my apnea events dropped to 2 to 3 per hour. (safetydawg.com)
  • For the sleep apnea patient using CPAP remedy, the wide selection of choices in machines and masks can appear overwhelming. (jigsy.com)
  • This may let emergency personnel and others know you employ a CPAP for sleep apnea. (jigsy.com)
  • The identification should say that you simply endure from apnea and that you just want a CPAP set at a specific strain stage. (jigsy.com)
  • CPAP has long been the common treatment for sleep apnea, but many patients find this machine to be bulky, noisy, and ineffective. (danvilledentalassociates.com)
  • Dry mouth is an inconvenient side effect of numerous treatments for sleep apnea and also snoring, including CPAP and dental appliances. (accmedicine.com)
  • This type of sleep apnea often requires a person to wear a special mask, attached to a machine such as a continuous positive airway pressure device (CPAP) machine. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • Yuksel Peker, MD, from the sleep medicine unit in the department of medicine and cardiology at Skaraborg Hospital, in Skövde, Sweden, reported the current findings of the ongoing Randomized Intervention with CPAP in Coronary Artery Disease and Sleep Apnoea (RICCADSA) trial. (medscape.com)
  • As this is an ongoing randomized controlled study of the impact of CPAP treatment on the prognosis of CAD patients with sleep apnea, regardless of daytime sleepiness, over a 3-year period, we do not have the answers yet," Dr. Peker told Medscape Pulmonary Medicine . (medscape.com)
  • A travel CPAP machine or an oral device can also be used to treat sleep apnea while a person is traveling. (refreshedsleep.com)
  • This kind of travel makes it easy for people with a standard CPAP machine to find the best sleep apnea treatment . (refreshedsleep.com)
  • CPAP treatments for sleep apnea have the potential to reduce dementia risk, a new study reports. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • I came across an interesting study published last month in American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is a disorder in which the upper airway is repeatedly obstructed during sleep resulting in bouts of intermittent hypoxia (low oxygen concentrations). (scienceblogs.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): This polysomnogram demonstrates typical hypopneas occurring in OSA prior to continuous positive airway pressure titration. (medscape.com)
  • During an obstructive sleep apnea episode the patient experiences reduced airflow due to obstruction in the upper airway, leading to hypoxia and hypercapnia, the patient is typically awakened by these episodes. (bartleby.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is when someone is experiencing episodes of cessation of breaths during sleep because of their upper airway relaxing and obstructing air flow during sleep. (bartleby.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic condition, characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep, leading to intermittent hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation. (medscape.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea happens when your upper airway becomes blocked many times while you sleep, reducing or completely stopping airflow. (nih.gov)
  • Anything that could narrow your airway such as obesity , large tonsils, or changes in your hormone levels can increase your risk for obstructive sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • Health conditions that affect how your brain controls your airway and chest muscles can cause central sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • Millions of them have a common condition called obstructive sleep apnea, a respiratory disorder marked by upper airway obstruction, which causes brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • For many people with mild cases of sleep apnea, losing weight can help relieve obstruction of the airway and improve sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • When a person suffers from sleep apnea , their airway collapses during sleep. (huffpost.com)
  • If you have a sleep apnea diagnosis, your doctor may recommend breathing machines called positive airway pressure (PAP) devices to maintain an open airway during sleep. (healthline.com)
  • Continuous positive airway pressure is a treatment option for sleep apnea. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Identification of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in this population that is at high risk for OSA due to traditional risk factors and in addition due to upper airway inflammation. (cdc.gov)
  • If they let the tube collapse, the airway becomes blocked, such as happens during sleep apnea. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea , which occurs when a blockage in the airway stops airflow. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Enlarged tissues in the nose, mouth, or throat can block your airway while you sleep, making sleep apnea more likely. (healthwise.net)
  • In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for obstructive sleep apnea may include an overnight sleep study (also called polysomnography) and an evaluation of the upper airway by visualization and/or X-rays. (chop.edu)
  • Sleep Apnea in children where removing the tonsils or adenoids does not take care of the problem is usually treated with a C-PAP (continous positive airway pressure) or Bi-Level positive airway pressure. (articlesfactory.com)
  • In sleep apnea, episodes of upper airway collapse interrupt your breathing so that oxygen can't reach your cells. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The most common type of apnea is obstructive sleep apnea , which occurs when muscles in back of the throat lose their tone, resulting in upper airway collapse. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • After menopause , women's rate of apnea approaches that of men's as female hormone levels - which help to stiffen and open the airway - fall. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Other causes of sleep apnea include large tonsils or other obstructive tissues in the airway. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Conditions that may be linked to this problem are upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) or even obstructive sleep apnea which both indicate a frightening lack of oxygen while you're sleeping. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea results from a restricted airway. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • Oral appliances treat sleep apnea symptoms by keeping the airway open by stabilizing the jaw. (refreshedsleep.com)
  • Effect of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Adiponectin in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Meta-Analysis. (docksci.com)
  • It might be tempting to skip treatment for sleep apnea when you're on the road. (refreshedsleep.com)
  • Doctors diagnose sleep apnea based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and sleep study results. (medlineplus.gov)
  • To diagnose sleep apnea , your provider may have you do a sleep study. (nih.gov)
  • DALLAS - April 17, 2017 - Researchers from the Peter O'Donnell Jr. Brain Institute will participate in a national study to determine whether medical devices used in the home can diagnose sleep apnea that often develops after traumatic brain injuries (TBI). (newswise.com)
  • Researchers want to know if wrist actigraphs, if proven comparable to full-scale polysomnography commonly used in sleep labs, would offer a reliable, accessible method to diagnose sleep apnea and lead to earlier treatment. (newswise.com)
  • Other children who are at high risk for sleep apnea include those with a small jaw, craniofacial syndromes, muscle weakness (hypotonia) or Down syndrome. (chop.edu)
  • Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow. (medlineplus.gov)
  • These conditions are characterized by a history of a preexisting disorder of hypoventilation, elevated resting PaCO 2 , and severe oxygen desaturation during sleep, which is more prominent during REM sleep in contrast to primary central sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes breathing-central sleep apnea (CSB-CSA), which are mostly observed during NREM sleep. (medscape.com)
  • Sleep Apnea is a chronic sleep disorder causing shallow, infrequent or pauses in breathing. (bartleby.com)
  • This paper will help identify the disorder of Sleep Apnea, its symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment. (bartleby.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder. (beliefnet.com)
  • The study found that 15 percent of people with chronically stuffed sinuses also had the sleep disorder obstructive sleep apnoea . (news24.com)
  • In 2016-2017, the demand for therapeutic devices was more than five times that for diagnostic devices, since sleep apnea is a common and often harmless disorder, known to most people. (globenewswire.com)
  • Factors such as increasing sleep disorder incidents, along with those of heart diseases and obesity that further result in sleep apnea, and awareness programs will keep the market stable in the U.S. Lifestyle changes and habits like smoking and tobacco chewing have been linked to sleep apnea as well. (globenewswire.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep. (articlesfactory.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a common disorder that can be very serious. (articlesfactory.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the most common type of sleep apnea, can be a serious sleep disorder, as breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep. (aastweb.org)
  • They're all signs of sleep apnea , a common disorder in both men and women. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep-related breathing disorder characterized by abnormal breathing patterns and ventilation. (emka.fr)
  • Sleep apnoea is a deadly disorder which can bring about medical complications such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and stroke. (somnowell.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a disorder that affects some 18 million people across the United States, many of whom do not realize there is a treatable condition behind their exhausting symptoms. (danvilledentalassociates.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a disorder where breathing gets disrupted throughout sleep. (accmedicine.com)
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related disorder. (healthysleepflorida.com)
  • Apnoea is a sleep disorder that affects an increasing number of adults causing harm from fatigue to a growing chance of heart problems. (northumbria.ac.uk)
  • Sleep apnea is a respiratory sleep disorder that affects 1% to 4% of children and is associated with impairments in health and quality of life. (bvsalud.org)
  • Another common sleep disorder is obstructive sleep apnea. (cdc.gov)
  • This is the most common type of sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • This type of sleep apnea is less common, however more fatal. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) which occurs due to a blockage of the flow of air from the lungs through the windpipe. (danvilledentalassociates.com)
  • Over 19 million Americans suffer from the most common form of sleep apnea, and many of them are unaware. (bartleby.com)
  • I have seen some statistics stating that a range from 15% to over 30% of professional truck drivers are afflicted with some form of sleep apnea. (safetydawg.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea, on the other hand, is the more common form of sleep apnea and a dentist is typically your primary treating provider. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • That is what happens to those who suffer from one of the most common and underdiagnosed sleep disorders today, sleep apnea. (bartleby.com)
  • Learn basic facts about sleep and how sleep disorders such as sleep apnea can affect your health. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep apnea is a group of sleep disorders that cause frequent pauses in breathing during your sleep. (healthline.com)
  • Like sleep apnea itself, frequent insomnia can increase your risk for metabolic conditions, as well as heart disease and mood disorders. (healthline.com)
  • The Infant Apnea Clinic at Children's Healthcare of Atlanta offers a specialized approach in treating infants with breathing disorders like apnea. (choa.org)
  • NEW YORK, March 04, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The rising incidents of sleep disorders are resulting in the growth of the sleep apnea devices market across the globe. (globenewswire.com)
  • Sleep apnea is among the most common and dangerous sleep disorders. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • Our goal is and was to use us for publicity and the topics snoring - sleep apnea - sleep disorders to publish, where it always goes. (novabiogenetics.com)
  • Apnoea disorders can be treated but advanced monitoring and diagnosing tools are needed to identify its strand and offer adequate treatment. (northumbria.ac.uk)
  • Conclusions: The prevalence of hearing loss , upper extremity disorders, and sleep apnea risk factors were higher than in the general population both before and during the fishing season. (cdc.gov)
  • Carvalho D, et al "Witnessed apneas during sleep are associated with elevated tau-PET signal in the entorhinal cortex in cognitively unimpaired elderly" AAN 2019. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This blog is based off of the AAST 2019 Annual Meeting Session "Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Stroke: Evidence, Mechanisms, and Treatment Strategies. (aastweb.org)
  • Patients may report loud snoring, witnessed apneas, and excessive daytime sleepiness. (medscape.com)
  • You may want to talk to your healthcare provider about sleep apnea if someone tells you that you snore or gasp during sleep, or if you experience other symptoms of poor-quality sleep, such as excessive daytime sleepiness. (nih.gov)
  • The hallmark symptom of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in adults is excessive daytime sleepiness. (articlesfactory.com)
  • Further, polysomnography (PSG) demonstrates prominent snoring and obstructive respiratory events (airflow is absent but ventilatory effort persists, as opposed to absent ventilatory effort in central sleep apnea) (see the image below). (medscape.com)
  • In my study, they called it 'respiratory effort-related arousals' (RERAs) They could measure it, but when they were supposed to try to treat my symptoms, they focused on my 1 apnea, and ignored my 148 RERAs. (medhelp.org)
  • Learn more about Sleep Apnea on our website dedicated to respiratory research and inhalation exposure. (emka.fr)
  • The specific mechanism is not known, but caffeine citrate has been shown to act as a respiratory stimulant and allow infants to overcome the developmental immaturity that causes apnea or periodic breathing. (medscape.com)
  • At the end of titration, all indices of OSA severity decreased compared with baseline: apnea-hypopnea index (-48.9% to -71.1%) and oxygen duration index (-49.5% to -77.2%), with obstructive hypopnea index and mandibular movement respiratory effort index (MM-REI) showing the largest responses (-70.6% to -88.5% and -69.5% to -96.3%, respectively). (medpagetoday.com)
  • When the respiratory disturbance index derived from MM decreased 75%, a reduction of 50% in apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and oxygen duration index (ODI) is predicted. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Consists of obstructed respiratory efforts usually followed by central apnea. (mhmedical.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a prevalent respiratory disease in which episodic cessation of breathing causes intermittent hypoxia. (elsevier.com)
  • Preventable CRDs include asthma and respiratory allergies, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), occupational lung diseases, cancer, sleep apnoea and pulmonary hypertension. (who.int)
  • Research shows that oral appliance therapy is an effective treatment option for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. (iowadentalgroup.com)
  • Dr. Aimee helps treat snoring and obstructive sleep apnea with oral appliance therapy, an effective treatment that is covered by most insurance plans. (thesnoozedoc.com)
  • AADSM membership provides Dr. Aimee with access to educational resources and practice management tools that help her better serve her patients by providing the highest quality of care in the treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. (thesnoozedoc.com)
  • 7. Oxygen and medications may have adjunctive roles in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in some patients. (articlesfactory.com)
  • Pathogenesis of obstructive and central sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Complex sleep apnea is a combination of both obstructive and central sleep apnea. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • According to the National Sleep Foundation, sleep apnea affects more than 18 million Americans and is as common as type two diabetes. (bartleby.com)
  • Sleep Apnea affects a person's breathing while they sleep. (bartleby.com)
  • Sleep apnea affects mood. (beliefnet.com)
  • Our research results raise the possibility that sleep apnea affects tau accumulation," Carvalho said in a statement. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The link between obstructive sleep apnoea and chronic sinus problems is unclear, said Alt, but might include changes in how air flows through the nose and airways, or how sleep affects the body's ability to manage infection. (news24.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea affects many children and is most commonly found in children between 2 and 6 years of age, but can occur at any age. (chop.edu)
  • Because sleep apnea affects men more than women and because it happens most often to men who are older than 44 years of age, it is a disease that really targets the trucking industry. (safetydawg.com)
  • Sleep apnea affects many more drivers than drug and alcohol abuse and yet, the results are often similar. (safetydawg.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a sleep problem that affects breathing during sleep. (accmedicine.com)
  • Just How Sleep Apnea Affects Your Capacity to Do Everyday Jobs. (accmedicine.com)
  • If these treatments do not work, surgery may be recommended to correct the problem that is causing your sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • We are your go-to experts for sleep apnea treatments. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • Here's everything you need to know about treatments for sleep apnea. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • Common in both children and adults, there are three main types of sleep apnea. (bartleby.com)
  • According to the Mayo Clinic there are three types of Sleep Apnea: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), Central Sleep Apnea and Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome. (bartleby.com)
  • There are two types of sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • There are three types of sleep apnea County Dental at Suffern wants you to be aware of. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • The three types of sleep apnea are obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea and complex sleep apnea. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • It is important to distinguish between the two types of sleep apnea. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • But a new study suggests that surgery to deal with chronically stuffed sinuses can help people breathe and sleep better, including people with sleep apnoea. (news24.com)
  • Researchers discovered that people with sleep apnoea showed tissue loss in brain regions that help store memory. (somnowell.com)
  • Thus, it can take women up to a decade longer than men to receive a diagnosis of sleep apnea. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Sleep studies for diagnosis of sleep apnea have been traditionally done in a sleep lab. (upmc.com)
  • A lot of insurances are now requiring home sleep apnea test as the first step in diagnosis of sleep apnea. (upmc.com)
  • Patients with sleep apnea and rodents exposed to intermittent hypoxia exhibit hypertension. (elsevier.com)
  • A rodent model of intermittent hypoxia that mimics blood O 2 saturation profiles of patients with sleep apnea has shown that increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the carotid body enhances the chemosensory reflex and triggers hypertension. (elsevier.com)
  • While the U.S. will still be the largest user of sleep apnea devices in 2018-2023, the Asia-Pacific (APAC) region, especially Japan, will witness the highest market growth globally. (globenewswire.com)
  • Contact Michigan Sleep Solutions today to learn more about sleep apnea or to get treated. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • Lifestyle changes, mouthpieces, surgery, and breathing devices can treat sleep apnea in many people. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Study: Can Wrist Devices Detect Sleep Apnea with Lab Precision? (newswise.com)
  • Surgery can sometimes correct the blockage and improve sleep apnea. (healthwise.net)
  • Surgery can sometimes correct these deformities and improve sleep apnea. (healthwise.net)
  • Did you know that dogs can develop sleep apnea? (scienceblogs.com)
  • What we don't know from these results is whether sleep apnea is a factor in causing stroke, or whether people who suffer strokes are then more likely to develop sleep apnea. (huffpost.com)
  • Malhotra A, Bertisch S, Wellman A. Complex sleep apnea: it isn''t really a disease. (medscape.com)
  • Javaheri S, Smith J, Chung E. The prevalence and natural history of complex sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Complex sleep apnea syndrome is less common, and it means that you have a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. (healthline.com)
  • That's called complex sleep apnea. (healthwise.net)
  • Complex sleep apnea syndrome, also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • Sleep-related hypoventilation with central sleep apneas can be observed in many conditions, such as neuromuscular weakness or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (medscape.com)
  • Enhanced ventilatory response to exercise in patients with chronic heart failure and central sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Chronic opioid use is a risk factor for the development of central sleep apnea and ataxic breathing. (medscape.com)
  • Severe sleep apnea was present in 38 percent of patients with chronic microvascular changes -- these are tiny lesions to white matter in the brain that are associated with silent stroke. (huffpost.com)
  • sleep apnea is associated with elevated risk for a range of serious and chronic illnesses. (huffpost.com)
  • Is there a relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis and new onset obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the World Trade Center Population? (cdc.gov)
  • In WTC responders we hypothesized that chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) would be associated with increased prevalence and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), mediated by elevated total nasal resistance (TNR). (cdc.gov)
  • To find out if patients with both chronic sinus problems and sleep apnoea might feel better following sinus surgery , Alt and his colleagues used questionnaires to check outcomes for more than 400 patients who underwent the surgery. (news24.com)
  • Two common sleep/pulmonary diseases are obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (aastweb.org)
  • Dangers That May Be Associated With Sleep Apnea Or Chronic Snoring. (accmedicine.com)
  • The CDC warns that sleep apnea increases your risk of potentially life-threatening chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • You are more at risk for sleep apnea if you are overweight, male, or have a family history or small airways. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with sleep apnea are at higher risk for car crashes, work-related accidents, and other medical problems. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The questionnaire includes a series of questions about risk factors for sleep apnea, including snoring behavior, wake-time sleepiness or fatigue, and obesity or hypertension. (medscape.com)
  • Sleep apnea , a condition marked by periodic interruptions in breathing during sleep , has been linked to an increased risk of strokes. (webmd.com)
  • The news that sleep apnea is a risk factor for stroke isn't new. (huffpost.com)
  • We've known for some time that sleep apnea is associated with elevated risk of stroke. (huffpost.com)
  • Here is yet another health risk associated with sleep apnea: stroke. (huffpost.com)
  • Researchers from the University of Alabama, Birmingham and from Germany's University of Technology Dresden teamed up to investigate the frequency and severity of obstructive sleep apnea as risk factors for silent stroke. (huffpost.com)
  • In addition to being a risk factor for stroke, sleep apnea is also associated with hypertension , heart disease and heart failure. (huffpost.com)
  • This study found that obstructive sleep apnea increased a person's risk of heart attack by 30 percent over a four- to five-year period. (huffpost.com)
  • As the awareness for sleep apnea and its associated health risk increases, the wait times for a PSG may increase and unintentionally exacerbate disease burden and reduce patient satisfaction. (sleepreviewmag.com)
  • It is estimated that 50% of the nearly 92M Cardiovascular disease patients have sleep apnea and 80% of these patients remain undiagnosed, presenting a significant health risk that is avoidable. (sleepreviewmag.com)
  • Untreated sleep apnea can cause people to stop breathing hundreds of times per night, leading to dangerous drowsiness and increased heart attack risk. (wlns.com)
  • Certain things increase your risk for obstructive sleep apnea. (healthwise.net)
  • People who are overweight may have extra tissue around their neck, adding to their risk for sleep apnea. (healthwise.net)
  • Drinking alcohol or taking certain medicines before going to sleep can increase the risk for sleep apnea. (healthwise.net)
  • Smoking can increase your risk for sleep apnea, because the nicotine in tobacco relaxes the muscles that keep the airways open. (healthwise.net)
  • In addition, if sleep apnea is not treated, patients have an increased risk of high blood pressure , heart attack , abnormal heart rhythms , or stroke . (emedicinehealth.com)
  • One study found that people with untreated sleep apnea have three times greater of a risk of premature death. (emedicinehealth.com)
  • Most people don't realize untreated apnea increases your risk of stroke, heart attack and high blood pressure," she says. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Sleep apnea also raises your risk of motor vehicle accidents, work-related injuries and accidents, and academic underachievement at all ages, even in early childhood. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • If left untreated, sleep apnea can lead to diabetes, heart disease, and an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • Because of the high rate of sleep apnea in our industry, I do believe that we need to take some form of action to address the risk. (safetydawg.com)
  • There are known risk components for sleep apnea. (jigsy.com)
  • When you've got a number of of those risk elements, you might be extra liable to being diagnosed with sleep apnea. (jigsy.com)
  • Research has linked night bruxism as a risk factor for sleep apnea and for similar reasons, is likely to be heavily associated with UARS. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The more severe the sleep apnoea, the greater their risk. (somnowell.com)
  • A US study of 172 patients with features of sleep apnoea showed that the OSA may put them at an increased risk of developing complications after elective surgery. (somnowell.com)
  • The prognosis is good, and it is controversial whether periodic breathing is associated with an increased risk for apnea of prematurity. (mhmedical.com)
  • Children with sleep apnea have an increased risk of developing high blood pressure in their teens, a new study has. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People reporting symptoms of both insomnia and a high risk of obstructive sleep apnea are at an increased risk of death, compared to people without the conditions, a new Flinders University analysis has found. (simplywell.ca)
  • Sleep Apnoea can cause a number of conditions such as fatigue, high blood pressure, liver functionality and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. (northumbria.ac.uk)
  • In this last group we have also investigated the rate of adherence to prescribed drugs .Metodologythrough a case-control study and with the application of the STOP-BANG questionnaire , the risk categories for sleep apnea in the two cohorts have been discriminated. (bvsalud.org)
  • Diabetes is associated with a higher risk of sleep problems, including not only sleep apnea but also inadequate sleep, excessive sleepiness, leg symptoms, and nocturia, independent of body mass index. (cdc.gov)
  • Most premature infants (especially those less than 34 weeks' gestation at birth) will get medical care for apnea of prematurity in the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) . (kidshealth.org)
  • The more premature the baby, the greater the chances that apnea will occur. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Most premature babies outgrow apnea as they mature. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Many premature babies will "outgrow" apnea of prematurity by the time they reach the date that would have been the 36th week of pregnancy. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Generally, the more premature a baby is, the more frequent apnea spells can be. (choa.org)
  • Investigations on premature infants with recurrent attacks of apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Apnea in premature infants and incubator-air-temperature changes. (medscape.com)
  • For adults, breathing may stop as few as 5 times an hour (mild apnea) to 30 or more times an hour (severe apnea). (healthwise.net)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Recurrent neonatal apnea. (who.int)
  • Recurrent neonatal apnea. (who.int)
  • Giri SK, Singh M. Recurrent neonatal apnea. (who.int)
  • Epidemiology: Obstructive sleep apnea is becoming more prevalent in adults and children in our society. (bartleby.com)
  • The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common form of sleep-disordered breathing, has a high and rising prevalence in the general adult population, attributable in part to the emerging epidemic of obesity and enhanced awareness. (nih.gov)
  • The first is central apnea, followed by the most common form, obstructive apnea and finally the combination of both, mixed/ complex apnea. (bartleby.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the metabolic syndrome have a strong association with each other owing to their common feature of obesity, but an association independent of obesity has been demonstrated in several studies. (medscape.com)
  • Apnea of prematurity is fairly common in preemies. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a common condition in which your breathing stops and restarts many times while you sleep. (nih.gov)
  • Common signs of sleep apnea. (beliefnet.com)
  • So here's a list of common symptoms of sleep apnea. (beliefnet.com)
  • But this new research shows just how common sleep apnea is among stroke sufferers. (huffpost.com)
  • The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which occurs as a result of throat muscle constriction. (healthline.com)
  • Central sleep apnea is less common. (healthwise.net)
  • Sleep apnea is more common in men. (healthwise.net)
  • Sleep apnea, according to Dr Miller, is extraordinarily common. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • The most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in children is enlarged tonsils and/or adenoids. (chop.edu)
  • Sleep apnea is more common in children who are overweight. (chop.edu)
  • The following are the most common symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea. (chop.edu)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common category of sleep-disordered breathing. (articlesfactory.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common form and occurs when throat muscles relax. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • Sleep apnoea is common in obese people, males, the elderly, people who consume alcohol and those using sleeping aids. (somnowell.com)
  • Below, you'll find the most common symptoms of this all-too-common condition - as well as where to find sleep apnea therapy in Danville. (danvilledentalassociates.com)
  • A common cause of frequent headaches, particularly temporary ones that occur in the morning, is sleep apnea. (healthysleepflorida.com)
  • Apnea is common in preterm neonates and is a significant clinical problem. (mhmedical.com)
  • Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common medical condition characterized by recurrent and intermittent episodes of hypoxia during sleep due to the collapse of upper airways, resulting in fragmentation of sleep and excessive daytime somnolence[1]. (docksci.com)
  • People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you snore, you probably have sleep apnea. (beliefnet.com)
  • If your bed partner tells you that you snore, especially if the snoring is very loud, that's a strong indication that you might have sleep apnea. (cdc.gov)
  • Apnea is defined as cessation of breathing that lasts for at least 20 seconds and is accompanied by bradycardia, oxygen desaturation, or cyanosis. (mhmedical.com)
  • Apnea+Hypopneas with 4% desaturation (AHI4) and 1% desaturation/arousal surrogate (RDI) were obtained and OSA defined as AHI4 =5/hr or RDI =15/hr. (cdc.gov)
  • There is a strong association between obstructive sleep apnea and hypertension, among cardiac conditions such as heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias and coronary heart disease. (bartleby.com)
  • The carotid body senses changes in blood O 2 concentrations, and an enhanced carotid body chemosensory reflex contributes to hypertension in sleep apnea patients. (elsevier.com)
  • there is a suspicion about the bidirectional relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and arterial hypertension (AHT). (bvsalud.org)
  • When apnea is mild, you may experience mild daytime sleepiness, sleep that isn't refreshing, and fatigue. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Lack of concentration, sleepiness during the day, listlessness until going to this well called, changes in behaviour, are symptoms of untreated sleep apnea. (novabiogenetics.com)
  • In our cardiac population, one third of the subjects with sleep apnea did not report daytime sleepiness. (medscape.com)
  • More than 18 million American adults suffer from sleep apnea and many don't even realize they have it. (fox21online.com)
  • According to the National Sleep Foundation , around 18 million adults in the United States have obstructive sleep apnea . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sleep apnea is estimated to affect between 2-9% of adults in the United States, but many cases are believed to go undiagnosed. (sleepfoundation.org)
  • In adults, the most typical individual with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is obese, with particular heaviness at the face and neck. (articlesfactory.com)
  • Interestingly, your AHI of 5.2 gives you the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea, as long as you have daytime fatigue (using Medicare's criteria). (medhelp.org)
  • Snoring, choking and gasping for air , and daytime fatigue are signs of obstructive sleep apnoea, the NIH said. (news24.com)
  • Typically, an adult or adolescent with severe long-standing obstructive sleep apnea will fall asleep for very brief periods in the course of usual daytime activities if given any opportunity to sit or rest. (articlesfactory.com)
  • Characterized by daytime tiredness, UARS is not associated with lowering oxygen levels in the blood seen in sleep apnea. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Easy Steps On Going About Coping With Sleep Apnea of obstructive sleep apnea threat factors are being overweight, a smoker, male, related to somebody with sleep apnea or being Hispanic, Black, or a Pacific Islander. (jigsy.com)
  • It also explains the higher women-to-male ratio seen in UARS as compared to sleep apnea, which is typically associated with overweight, middle-aged men. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing multiple times during sleep, not allowing them to reach a deep, restful sleep. (bartleby.com)
  • Sleep apnea means that breathing stops for short periods during sleep. (healthwise.net)
  • Sleep apnea can range from mild to severe, based on how often breathing stops during sleep. (healthwise.net)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs when a child stops breathing during sleep. (chop.edu)
  • In sleep apnea, your breathing stops or gets very shallow while you are sleeping. (articlesfactory.com)
  • When an individual stops taking a breath for 10 secs or even more while resting, Sleep apnea is. (accmedicine.com)
  • Sleep apnea happens when your breathing stops and starts while you are sleeping. (medlineplus.gov)
  • have sleep apnea, your breathing stops repeatedly while you're sleeping. (cdc.gov)
  • An apnea monitor is a machine that signals an alarm if an infant or child stops breathing. (cdc.gov)
  • In particular, these results reveal how frequently sleep apnea is present in patients who suffer silent strokes. (huffpost.com)
  • People who suffer from moderate to severe sleep apnea have episodes of disrupted breathing dozens, even hundreds, of times per night. (huffpost.com)
  • Many who suffer from ischemic stroke also have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (aastweb.org)
  • I suffer from sleep apnea and I can tell you that when I was tested I had what is referred to as 'moderate' sleep apnea. (safetydawg.com)
  • Consider elevating the pinnacle of your mattress should you suffer from sleep apnea. (jigsy.com)
  • If you suffer from insomnia along with sleep apnea, converse along with your doctor. (jigsy.com)
  • One particular difference between UARS and sleep apnoea is that an equal proportion of women suffer from UARS unlike the heavily male-dominated sleep apnea which is almost always associated with snoring. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Bixler EO, Vgontzas AN, Ten Have T, Tyson K, Kales A. Effects of age on sleep apnea in men: I. Prevalence and severity. (medscape.com)
  • Prevalence of sleep apnea among US male veterans, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005-2014. (cdc.gov)
  • The as-yet unpublished findings from a larger group of 730 revascularized patients show that, as of July 31, "the prevalence of sleep apnea is 64% so far, and the majority of those were regarded as nonsleepy," Dr. Peker announced. (medscape.com)
  • Wearing a mask to bed has long been an issue for many sleep apnea sufferers who are seeking a better night of sleep. (aastweb.org)
  • Andrew Krystal, M.D., director of the Sleep Research Laboratory and Insomnia Program at Duke University Medical Center , says early diagnosis and treatment of sleep apnea is important, since it may be associated with several life-threatening medical problems if left untreated. (news-medical.net)
  • In this 75-minute webinar, cardiovascular sleep medicine experts explain 1) links between sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease, 2) theories about the pathophysiology that links sleep apnea and the heart, and 3) real-life examples of sleep physicians working with cardiologists for better patient outcomes. (sleepreviewmag.com)
  • Patient education: Sleep apnea (The Basics). (emedicinehealth.com)
  • The first wave of patient groups that are using Apple's Sleep Apnea ResearchKit to gather data through their app are beginning to reflect on the experience. (myhealthappsblog.com)
  • While signs and symptoms can vary per patient, there are a few consistent signs of sleep apnea. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • We often don't find out a patient has sleep apnea until after revascularization, when pulse oximetry reveals it," Monica Kraft, MD, professor of medicine in the division of pulmonary, allergy and critical care medicine at Duke University Medical Center, in Durham, North Carolina, told Medscape Pulmonary Medicine during an interview after Dr. Peker's presentation. (medscape.com)
  • Central sleep apnea occurs from a brain signal issue that prevents proper breathing. (healthline.com)
  • Central sleep apnea occurs when your brain doesn't send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • Central sleep apnea occurs when your brain fails to properly send signals to your body to breathe. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • The cardiorespiratory monitor (also known as an apnea and bradycardia, or A/B, monitor) also tracks the infant's heart rate. (kidshealth.org)
  • Children's specializes in treating infants with apnea and bradycardia, as well as babies who have had a brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE). (choa.org)
  • Sometimes apnea can be associated with a low heart rate, also known as bradycardia. (choa.org)
  • Sleep apnea can have great impact on your overall health and, if left untreated, can lead to longer term health issues. (sleepfoundation.org)
  • According to Dr Jordan Josephson, an ENT specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, "Sinus and nasal problems often are part of the problem leading to snoring and sleep apnoea, and are often overlooked and left untreated. (news24.com)
  • These studies have shown that up to 80% of all patients with moderate to severe sleep apnea have not yet been diagnosed.1 With the population aging and obesity on the rise, we are not making a dent into this statistic, despite the growing awareness and the advancements in home sleep testing. (aastweb.org)
  • If you have 15 or more of these episodes per hour, your apnea is considered moderate to severe. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • According to Krystal, there are several typical warning signs for sleep apnea. (news-medical.net)
  • If someone is sleepy during the day, if they're loud snorers, if they are known to stop breathing by someone observing them, if they have morning headaches or dry mouth, high blood pressure that doesn't respond to treatment or depression that doesn't respond to treatment, these are signs that the disease sleep apnea may be present and are reasons to get evaluated. (news-medical.net)
  • sure enough, signs of sleep Apnea. (babycenter.com)
  • What Are the Signs You Need Sleep Apnea Therapy? (danvilledentalassociates.com)
  • Learning about the warning signs of sleep apnea can help to ensure you receive an effective treatment before you end up wasting time to snoring and lost sleep. (danvilledentalassociates.com)
  • If you have any type of signs or signs and symptoms of sleep apnea , you must speak with a doctor immediately to eliminate other clinical concerns that might be triggering these signs and afterwards obtain treatment for this condition. (accmedicine.com)
  • But there hasn't been much research exploring the relationship between sleep apnea and silent strokes, says researcher Jessica Kepplinger, MD, of Dresden University Stroke Center at the University of Technology in Dresden, Germany. (webmd.com)
  • The study offers "good evidence linking" sleep apnea to silent stroke, Greenberg tells WebMD. (webmd.com)
  • In the meantime, she says, all stroke patients should be screened for sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • The results of their research revealed high rates of sleep apnea among patients with silent stroke. (huffpost.com)
  • Within five days of stroke symptoms, patients were evaluated using MRI and CT scan to identify specific details of stroke effects in the brain, and were also assessed for the presence and severity of sleep apnea. (huffpost.com)
  • Sleep apnea was present in 51 of 56 stroke patients evaluated -- that's 91 percent . (huffpost.com)
  • Sleep apnea -- and the degree of its severity -- was found to be a strong predictor for silent stroke. (huffpost.com)
  • There has been increasing incidents of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and associated issues, such as stroke and atrial fibrillation. (globenewswire.com)
  • It may be an attractive alternative to other therapies for sleep apnea. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Tracking jaw movement during sleep can help improve the efficacy of oral appliance therapies for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), researchers report. (medpagetoday.com)
  • This discussion includes the differentiation of central sleep apnea from non-central sleep apnea conditions. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with diaphragmatic paralysis and other neuromuscular diseases, who are dependent on accessory muscles of breathing to maintain ventilation, may appear to have central apneas during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. (medscape.com)
  • A history of neuromuscular disease and worsening of central apneas during REM sleep should alert to the possibility of pseudocentral apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Central sleep apnea in stable methadone maintenance treatment patients. (medscape.com)
  • Central sleep apnea happens when your brain does not send the signals needed to breathe. (nih.gov)
  • Apnea of prematurity may not have a cause other than your baby's having an immature central nervous system. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Central sleep apnea , which is caused by signaling problems in the brain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Central sleep apnea is caused by a problem with how the brain signals the breathing muscles. (healthwise.net)
  • There are two distinct forms of sleep apnea: Central and Obstructive. (articlesfactory.com)
  • In most cases, it starts as central sleep apnea and ends up as obstructive. (misleepsolutions.com)
  • Physicians treat central sleep apnea. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • Fortunately, unlike bulky, noisy, and often difficult-to-clean breathing assistance devices for central sleep apnea, dentists treat obstructive sleep apnea with custom oral appliances and devices. (mysunshinedentistry.com)
  • In a sleep study involving patients with OSA who had been fitted with a custom mandibular-realigning splint, mandibular movement monitoring in a sleep lab helped clinicians more effectively titrate the oral appliance therapy and identify patients with central apneas. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Lumeng JC, Chervin RD. Epidemiology of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Periodic breathing is a normal breathing pattern followed by apnea for 5 to 10 seconds without change in heart rate or skin color. (mhmedical.com)
  • Periodic breathing consists of breathing for 10 to 15 seconds followed by apnea for 5 or 10 seconds, without change in heart rate or skin color, and the net effect may be hypoventilation. (mhmedical.com)
  • The incidence of apnea and periodic breathing in the term infant has not been adequately determined. (mhmedical.com)