A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.
A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.
A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.
A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.
Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
Branches of the VAGUS NERVE. The superior laryngeal nerves originate near the nodose ganglion and separate into external branches, which supply motor fibers to the cricothyroid muscles, and internal branches, which carry sensory fibers. The RECURRENT LARYNGEAL NERVE originates more caudally and carries efferents to all muscles of the larynx except the cricothyroid. The laryngeal nerves and their various branches also carry sensory and autonomic fibers to the laryngeal, pharyngeal, tracheal, and cardiac regions.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Cells specialized to detect chemical substances and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Chemoreceptor cells may monitor external stimuli, as in TASTE and OLFACTION, or internal stimuli, such as the concentrations of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE in the blood.
A tubular organ of VOICE production. It is located in the anterior neck, superior to the TRACHEA and inferior to the tongue and HYOID BONE.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Clinical manifestation consisting of a deficiency of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
A reduction in the amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Abnormal breathing through the mouth, usually associated with obstructive disorders of the nasal passages.
The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
The act of BREATHING in.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.
Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
The position or attitude of the body.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The motor nerve of the diaphragm. The phrenic nerve fibers originate in the cervical spinal column (mostly C4) and travel through the cervical plexus to the diaphragm.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The act of BREATHING out.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)
Part of the brain located in the MEDULLA OBLONGATA and PONS. It receives neural, chemical and hormonal signals, and controls the rate and depth of respiratory movements of the DIAPHRAGM and other respiratory muscles.
Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)
These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.
The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.
A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Partial or total surgical excision of the tongue. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
An infant during the first month after birth.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.
Surgical incision of the trachea.
Stretch receptors found in the bronchi and bronchioles. Pulmonary stretch receptors are sensors for a reflex which stops inspiration. In humans, the reflex is protective and is probably not activated during normal respiration.
The number of times an organism breathes with the lungs (RESPIRATION) per unit time, usually per minute.
The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.
The vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Glottis consists of the VOCAL FOLDS and an opening (rima glottidis) between the folds.
Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A compound formed by the combination of hemoglobin and oxygen. It is a complex in which the oxygen is bound directly to the iron without causing a change from the ferrous to the ferric state.
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
The musculofibrous partition that separates the THORACIC CAVITY from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. Contraction of the diaphragm increases the volume of the thoracic cavity aiding INHALATION.
The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
Failure of the SOFT PALATE to reach the posterior pharyngeal wall to close the opening between the oral and nasal cavities. Incomplete velopharyngeal closure is primarily related to surgeries (ADENOIDECTOMY; CLEFT PALATE) or an incompetent PALATOPHARYNGEAL SPHINCTER. It is characterized by hypernasal speech.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).
A state of prolonged irreversible cessation of all brain activity, including lower brain stem function with the complete absence of voluntary movements, responses to stimuli, brain stem reflexes, and spontaneous respirations. Reversible conditions which mimic this clinical state (e.g., sedative overdose, hypothermia, etc.) are excluded prior to making the determination of brain death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp348-9)
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Back flow of gastric contents to the LARYNGOPHARYNX where it comes in contact with tissues of the upper aerodigestive tract. Laryngopharyngeal reflux is an extraesophageal manifestation of GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.
Dyssomnias associated with disruption of the normal 24 hour sleep wake cycle secondary to travel (e.g., JET LAG SYNDROME), shift work, or other causes.
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Bicyclic bridged compounds that contain a nitrogen which has three bonds. The nomenclature indicates the number of atoms in each path around the rings, such as [2.2.2] for three equal length paths. Some members are TROPANES and BETA LACTAMS.
A quaternary skeletal muscle relaxant usually used in the form of its bromide, chloride, or iodide. It is a depolarizing relaxant, acting in about 30 seconds and with a duration of effect averaging three to five minutes. Succinylcholine is used in surgical, anesthetic, and other procedures in which a brief period of muscle relaxation is called for.
The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.
The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The family Phocidae, suborder PINNIPEDIA, order CARNIVORA, comprising the true seals. They lack external ears and are unable to use their hind flippers to walk. It includes over 18 species including the harp seal, probably the best known seal species in the world.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Surgical procedures aimed at affecting metabolism and producing major WEIGHT REDUCTION in patients with MORBID OBESITY.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
The extra volume of air that can be expired with maximum effort beyond the level reached at the end of a normal, quiet expiration. Common abbreviation is ERV.
A thin leaf-shaped cartilage that is covered with LARYNGEAL MUCOSA and situated posterior to the root of the tongue and HYOID BONE. During swallowing, the epiglottis folds back over the larynx inlet thus prevents foods from entering the airway.
Surgical formation of an opening into the trachea through the neck, or the opening so created.
The part of the brain that connects the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES with the SPINAL CORD. It consists of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA.
Measurement of the volume of gas in the lungs, including that which is trapped in poorly communicating air spaces. It is of particular use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The tendency of a phenomenon to recur at regular intervals; in biological systems, the recurrence of certain activities (including hormonal, cellular, neural) may be annual, seasonal, monthly, daily, or more frequently (ultradian).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An organophosphorus insecticide that inhibits ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Drugs designed to treat inflammation of the nasal passages, generally the result of an infection (more often than not the common cold) or an allergy related condition, e.g., hay fever. The inflammation involves swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the nasal passages and results in inordinate mucus production. The primary class of nasal decongestants are vasoconstrictor agents. (From PharmAssist, The Family Guide to Health and Medicine, 1993)
An involuntary or voluntary pause in breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness.
General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).
The act of taking solids and liquids into the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT through the mouth and throat.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The lower portion of the BRAIN STEM. It is inferior to the PONS and anterior to the CEREBELLUM. Medulla oblongata serves as a relay station between the brain and the spinal cord, and contains centers for regulating respiratory, vasomotor, cardiac, and reflex activities.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
A disorder in which the adductor muscles of the VOCAL CORDS exhibit increased activity leading to laryngeal spasm. Laryngismus causes closure of the VOCAL FOLDS and airflow obstruction during inspiration.
An abdominal hernia with an external bulge in the GROIN region. It can be classified by the location of herniation. Indirect inguinal hernias occur through the internal inguinal ring. Direct inguinal hernias occur through defects in the ABDOMINAL WALL (transversalis fascia) in Hesselbach's triangle. The former type is commonly seen in children and young adults; the latter in adults.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Institutional night care of patients.
The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the respiratory tract or its organs. It includes RESPIRATORY FUNCTION TESTS.
Mechanical ventilation delivered to match the patient's efforts in breathing as detected by the interactive ventilation device.
The posture of an individual lying face down.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Contraction of the muscle of the PHARYNX caused by stimulation of sensory receptors on the SOFT PALATE, by psychic stimuli, or systemically by drugs.
The noninvasive measurement or determination of the partial pressure (tension) of oxygen and/or carbon dioxide locally in the capillaries of a tissue by the application to the skin of a special set of electrodes. These electrodes contain photoelectric sensors capable of picking up the specific wavelengths of radiation emitted by oxygenated versus reduced hemoglobin.
A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Biological actions and events that support the functions of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION of nerve tissue is delivered.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Plethysmographic determination in which the intensity of light reflected from the skin surface and the red cells below is measured to determine the blood volume of the respective area. There are two types, transmission and reflectance.
A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excessive HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE in adults. It is characterized by bony enlargement of the FACE; lower jaw (PROGNATHISM); hands; FEET; HEAD; and THORAX. The most common etiology is a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp79-80)
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.

Arousal from sleep shortens sympathetic burst latency in humans. (1/582)

1. Bursts of sympathetic activity in muscle nerves are phase-locked to the cardiac cycle by the sinoaortic baroreflexes. Acoustic arousal from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep reduces the normally invariant interval between the R-wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the peak of the corresponding sympathetic burst; however, the effects of other forms of sleep disruption (i.e. spontaneous arousals and apnoea-induced arousals) on this temporal relationship are unknown. 2. We simultaneously recorded muscle sympathetic nerve activity in the peroneal nerve (intraneural electrodes) and the ECG (surface electrodes) in seven healthy humans and three patients with sleep apnoea syndrome during NREM sleep. 3. In seven subjects, burst latencies were shortened subsequent to spontaneous K complexes (1.297 +/- 0.024 s, mean +/- s. e.m.) and spontaneous arousals (1.268 +/- 0.044 s) compared with latencies during periods of stable NREM sleep (1.369 +/- 0.023 s). In six subjects who demonstrated spontaneous apnoeas during sleep, apnoea per se did not alter burst latency relative to sleep with stable electroencephalogram (EEG) and breathing (1.313 +/- 0.038 vs. 1.342 +/- 0.026 s); however, following apnoea-induced EEG perturbations, burst latencies were reduced (1.214 +/- 0.034 s). 4. Arousal-induced reduction in sympathetic burst latency may reflect a temporary diminution of baroreflex buffering of sympathetic outflow. If so, the magnitude of arterial pressure perturbations during sleep (e.g. those caused by sleep disordered breathing and periodic leg movements) may be augmented by arousal.  (+info)

Firing properties of single vasoconstrictor neurones in human subjects with high levels of muscle sympathetic activity. (2/582)

1. Single-unit recordings were made from 19 postganglionic muscle vasoconstrictor axons via tungsten microelectrodes in the peroneal nerve in seven healthy subjects with many multi-unit sympathetic discharges at rest ('high group', 75 +/- 5 multi-unit bursts per 100 heart beats, mean +/- s.e.m.). The results were compared with previous data from 14 units in subjects with 21 +/- 2 multi-unit bursts per 100 heart beats ('low group'). 2. In the 'high group' the units fired spontaneously in 35 +/- 4 % of all cardiac intervals. One unit only ever fired once per cardiac interval, 14 units (74 %) generated maximally two to three spikes, and four units (21 %) up to four to five spikes. Of those cardiac intervals in which a unit fired, a single spike occurred in 78 %, two spikes in 18 %, three spikes in 4 % and four spikes in less than 1 % of cardiac intervals. Measured as the inverse of all interspike intervals, the mean rate was 0.33 +/- 0.04 Hz and the mean intraburst frequency 22.2 +/- 1.6 Hz. Most results were similar to those in the 'low group', but in the 'low group' heart rate was higher (64.5 vs. 50.4 beats min-1) and mean firing frequency was higher (0.49 +/- 0.06 Hz). 3. During increases of multi-unit burst activity evoked by sustained inspiratory-capacity apnoea the firing probability of nine units in the 'high group' increased from 33 +/- 6 to 56 +/- 3 % of the cardiac intervals. Simultaneously, the incidence of single spikes decreased and the incidence of multiple spikes per cardiac interval increased, resulting in an increase of mean firing frequency from 0. 23 +/- 0.04 Hz at rest to 1.04 +/- 0.14 Hz during the apnoea. 4. We conclude that single muscle vasoconstrictor neurones usually fire only a solitary spike during sympathetic bursts both in subjects with a high and in subjects with a low number of bursts at rest. Presumably, differences in the numbers of bursts are due mainly to differences in firing probability and recruitment of sympathetic fibres. During acute increases of multi-unit activity, both increases in discharge frequency and recruitment of additional neurones contribute to the increased intensity of an individual sympathetic burst.  (+info)

Inadvertent inhalation anaesthesia during surgery under retrobulbar eye block. (3/582)

I describe a case of inadvertent inhalation anaesthesia during surgery under retrobulbar anaesthesia and its management. Some of the hazards of supplementary oxygen delivery during monitored anaesthetic care and the actions taken to prevent this mishap recurring are discussed.  (+info)

Mechanisms of acute cardiovascular response to periodic apneas in sedated pigs. (4/582)

This study was designed to evaluate the importance of sympathoadrenal activation in the acute cardiovascular response to apneas and the role of hypoxemia in this response. In addition, we evaluated the contribution of the vagus nerve to apnea responses after chemical sympathectomy. In six pigs preinstrumented with an electromagnetic flow probe and five nonpreinstrumented pigs, effects of periodic nonobstructive apneas were tested under the following six conditions: room air breathing, 100% O2 supplementation, both repeated after administration of hexamethonium (Hex), and both repeated again after bilateral vagotomy in addition to Hex. With room air apneas, during the apnea cycle, there were increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP; from baseline of 108 +/- 4 to 124 +/- 6 Torr, P < 0.01), plasma norepinephrine (from 681 +/- 99 to 1,825 +/- 578 pg/ml, P < 0.05), and epinephrine (from 191 +/- 67 to 1,245 +/- 685 pg/ml, P < 0.05) but decreases in cardiac output (CO; from 3.3 +/- 0.6 to 2.4 +/- 0.3 l/min, P < 0.01) and cervical sympathetic nerve activity. With O2 supplementation relative to baseline, apneas were associated with small increases in MAP (from 112 +/- 4 to 118 +/- 3 Torr, P < 0.01) and norepinephrine (from 675 +/- 97 to 861 +/- 170 pg/ml, P < 0.05). After Hex, apneas with room air were associated with small increases in MAP (from 103 +/- 6 to 109 +/- 6 Torr, P < 0.05) and epinephrine (from 136 +/- 45 to 666 +/- 467 pg/ml, P < 0.05) and decreases in CO (from 3.6 +/- 0.4 to 3.2 +/- 0. 5 l/min, P < 0.05). After Hex, apneas with O2 supplementation were associated with decreased MAP (from 107 +/- 5 to 100 +/- 5 Torr, P < 0.05) and no other changes. After vagotomy + Hex, with room air and O2 supplementation, apneas were associated with decreased MAP (from 98 +/- 6 to 76 +/- 7 and from 103 +/- 7 to 95 +/- 6 Torr, respectively, both P < 0.01) but increased CO [from 2.7 +/- 0.3 to 3. 2 +/- 0.4 l/min (P < 0.05) and from 2.4 +/- 0.2 to 2.7 +/- 0.2 l/min (P < 0.01), respectively]. We conclude that sympathoadrenal activation is the major pressor mechanism during apneas. Cervical sympathetic nerve activity does not reflect overall sympathoadrenal activity during apneas. Hypoxemia is an important but not the sole trigger factor for sympathoadrenal activation. There is an important vagally mediated reflex that contributes to the pressor response to apneas.  (+info)

Assessment of effect of nasal continuous positive pressure on laryngeal opening using fibre optic laryngoscopy. (5/582)

AIM: To assess the effect of nasal continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) on the dimensions of the laryngeal opening. METHODS: Nine preterm infants who had previously received ventilatory support for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were studied. All were receiving nasal CPAP. The laryngeal opening was visualised using a fibre optic video camera system. The ratio of width to length of the opening was measured on and off CPAP. RESULTS: In eight of the infants the width: length ratio increased on CPAP; mean change for group +24.4% (95% CI +11.9 to +37.9). CONCLUSIONS: Nasal CPAP seems to dilate the larynx. This may explain the selective beneficial effects of CPAP on mixed and obstructive apnoea.  (+info)

Haemoptysis after breath-hold diving. (6/582)

Pulmonary oedema has been described in swimmers and self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (Scuba) divers. This study reports three cases of haemoptysis secondary to alveolar haemorrhage in breath-hold divers. Contributory factors, such as haemodynamic modifications secondary to immersion, cold exposure, exercise and exposure to an increase in ambient pressure, could explain this type of accident. Furthermore, these divers had taken aspirin, which may have aggravated the bleeding.  (+info)

Effects of capsaicin pretreatment on expiratory laryngeal closure during pulmonary edema in lambs. (7/582)

The present study, performed in nonsedated, conscious lambs, consisted of two parts. In the first part, we 1) examined for the first time whether a respiratory response to pulmonary C-fiber stimulation could be elicited in nonsedated newborns and 2) determined whether this response could be abolished by capsaicin pretreatment. Then, by using capsaicin-desensitized lambs, we studied whether pulmonary C fibers were involved in the sustained, active expiratory upper airway closure previously observed during pulmonary edema. Airflow and thyroarytenoid and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle electromyographic activities were recorded. In the first set of experiments, a 5-10 microg/kg capsaicin bolus intravenous injection in seven intact lambs consistently led to a typical pulmonary chemoreflex, showing that C fibers are functionally mature in newborn lambs. In the second series of experiments, eight lambs pretreated with 25-50 mg/kg subcutaneous capsaicin did not exhibit any respiratory response to 10-50 microg/kg intravenous capsaicin injection, implicating C fibers in the response. Finally, in the above capsaicin-desensitized lambs, we observed that halothane-induced high-permeability pulmonary edema did not cause the typical response of sustained expiratory upper airway closure seen in the intact lamb. We conclude that functionally mature C fibers are present and responsible for a pulmonary chemoreflex in response to capsaicin intravenous injection in nonsedated lambs. Capsaicin pretreatment abolishes this reflex. Furthermore, the sustained expiratory upper airway closure observed during halothane-induced pulmonary edema in intact nonsedated lambs appears to be related to a reflex involving stimulation of pulmonary C fibers.  (+info)

Effects of vagotomy on cardiovascular response to periodic apneas in sedated pigs. (8/582)

There are few studies investigating the influence of vagally mediated reflexes on the cardiovascular response to apneas. In 12 sedated preinstrumented pigs, we studied the effects of vagotomy during apneas, controlling for apnea periodicity and thoracic mechanical effects. Nonobstructive apneas were produced by paralyzing and mechanically ventilating the animals, then turning the ventilator off and on every 30 s. Before vagotomy, relative to baseline, apnea caused increased mean arterial pressure (MAP; +19 +/- 25%, P < 0.05), systemic vascular resistance (SVR; +33 +/- 16%, P < 0.0005), and heart rate (HR; +5 +/- 6%, P < 0.05) and decreased cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV; -16 +/- 10% P < 0.001). After vagotomy, no significant change occurred in MAP, SVR, and SV during apneas, but CO and HR increased relative to baseline. HR was always greater ( approximately 14%, P < 0.01) during the interapneic interval compared with during apnea. We conclude that vagally mediated reflexes are important mediators of the apneic pressor response. HR increases after apnea termination are related, at least in part, to nonvagally mediated reflexes.  (+info)

Define pneumogram. pneumogram synonyms, pneumogram pronunciation, pneumogram translation, English dictionary definition of pneumogram. n med a record of respiratory movements
In an effort to characterize significant neonatal apnea and evaluate the nursing diagnosis of apnea, apnea type and frequency were determined in 27 infants by continuous computer recording of heart rate, respiratory impedance, end-tidal CO2, and either or both transcutaneous oxygen and pulse oximetry. Of the 1,266 recorded apneas, 46% were central, 44% were mixed, and 10% were obstructive. Mixed apnea was associated with a longer mean duration and greater mean decrease in heart rate than central apnea. Apnea duration was positively correlated with both a decrease in heart rate and oxygen saturation (P , .001), and a lower baseline saturation was associated with a greater decrease in oxygen saturation during apnea (P = .002). Theophylline therapy had no effect on apnea duration or oxygen desaturation but resulted in a decrease in the mean heart rate decrease associated with apnea. Overall, nurses diagnosed 54% of all apneic episodes and were significantly poorer at detecting mixed and obstructive ...
We studied several predictors of severity of apnea and caretakers anxiety about home cardiorespiratory monitoring in 476 families with infants enrolled in a perinatal follow-up program. Thirty-six (8%) of the infants had apparent life-threatening events at home. These infants were compared with the remaining infants, who had benign outcomes. Normal pneumograms and normal cerebral computed tomographic scans predicted the absence of significant respiratory problems (99% and 100% true negative rates, respectively). Infants with these signs may not require home monitoring. This study used a stringent criterion of periodic breathing (| or = 3% of quiet time) in defining a normal pneumogram. A more common criterion (| or = 10%) would have accurately predicted only 45% and missed 55% of the infants with life-threatening events. Level of caretakers anxiety about monitoring was related to severity of apnea. Parental anxiety about monitoring may have been overestimated in previous research.
Ive had a strong urge to pee lately. More specifically, Ive had intense, acute bouts of urinary urgency that last from between 2 and 30 seconds and then fade with or without voiding. Im also experiencing polyuria (excess urine formation). This urinary urge is strongly associated with daytime apneic episodes (breath holding). Often these episodes come about after short bouts of self-induced hyperventilation (several to a dozen breaths). I have several cardiovascular responses that occur concurrent with these other effects. I experience bradycardia (slow heart rate), yet my blood pressure is very high. I have intense peripheral vasoconstriction (constriction of blood vessels in my skin and limbs). It likely that my blood pressure during the apneic episodes is above 200/150 mmHg, and possibly much, much higher with systolic pressures over 300mmHg and diastolic pressures over 200 mmHg. (note: hypertension is often defined as systolic pressure generally over 140mmHg and diastolic over 90 mmHg). ...
The duration of action of Succinylcholine is determined by its metabolism by plasma cholinesterase. So if there is abnormal plasma cholinesterase (=psuedocholinesterase), it will lead to delayed metabolism of succinylcholine as well as mivacirum, heroin, and cocaine. ...
During a breath-holding spell, your child holds his or her breath for a while before briefly losing consciousness. Breath-holding spells often happen after a trauma or an emotional upset. They occur most often in children under age 3. Breath-holding spells can be scary for both parents and children. But they are not usually a serious problem. And they often stop by the time your child is 5 or 6 years old.
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Definition of periodic breathing in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is periodic breathing? Meaning of periodic breathing as a legal term. What does periodic breathing mean in law?
Exposure to an audio recording of the mothers heartbeat and voice is linked to lower incidence of cardiorespiratory events in preterm infants, a new study has found.
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Definition of apneustic respiration in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is apneustic respiration? Meaning of apneustic respiration as a legal term. What does apneustic respiration mean in law?
Read the medical definition of apneic, a type of breathing problem. Read the rest of the medical definition of apneic, written by our doctors.
Hi all, Earlier today I got the chance to try dynamic apnea at my SCUBA clubs weekly pool session (usually Im busy monday nights and cant go). I...
Hi friends, I was given CPAP back in 2012. I never really used it. I dug it out and started using it recently. I wanted to start using it again because I quit smoking. I have many PVCS throughout the
How to measure acceleration by angle the pendulum?. Asked Afshin. Answer. If the pendulum makes an angle θ with the vertical, then a = g tan θ. This is based on the idea of pseudo force experienced by a body in an accelerated frame of reference.. When a body is in an accelerated frame of reference, it feels as if it is acted upon by a force equal to its mass multiplied by the acceleration of the system. Please have a look at the diagram below.. ...
Carnitine supplementation for preterm infants with recurrent apnoea: Cochrane systematic review answers are found in the Cochrane Abstracts powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Nasopharyngeal Reflux and Neonatal Apnea. T2 - Their Relationship. AU - Plaxico, David T.. AU - Loughlin, Gerald M.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1981/9. Y1 - 1981/9. N2 - Although oropharyngeal dysfunction has been reported as a cause of dysphagia in newborns, to our knowledge oropharyngeal dysfunction and neonatal apnea have not been associated previously. We studied two infants in whom apnea and bradycardia developed primarily while feeding. The diagnosis was established by observation of the swallowing mechanism using cinefluoroscopy while the infant ingested a dilute barium meal. Thickened formula feedings and use of a special nipple resulted in complete cessation of apnea and bradycardia. Careful attention to the details that surround episodes of apnea is essential so that morbidity and mortality from treatable causes of apnea can be minimized.. AB - Although oropharyngeal dysfunction has been reported as a cause of dysphagia in ...
This page includes the following topics and synonyms: Apparent Life-Threatening Events In Children, Apparent Life Threatening Event In Infant, ALTE, BRUE, Brief Resolved Unexplained Event.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
If youve experienced this frightening situation firsthand, youve probably wondered how to deal with toddler breath-holding spells in the moment…and more importantly, how to prevent them from happening again.
article{14f1f0b5-9450-40c9-a646-73a81a8fdc92, abstract = {The concentration of the protein S100B in serum is used as a brain damage marker in various conditions. We wanted to investigate whether a voluntary, prolonged apnea in trained breath-hold divers resulted in an increase of S100B in serum. Nine trained breath-hold divers performed a protocol mimicking the procedures they use during breath-hold training and competition, including extensive preapneic hyperventilation and glossopharyngeal insufflation, in order to perform a maximum-duration apnea, i.e., static apnea (average: 335 s, range: 281-403 s). Arterial blood samples were collected and cardiovascular variables recorded. Arterial partial pressures of O2 and CO2 (PaO2 and PaCO2) were 128 Torr and 20 Torr, respectively, at the start of apnea. The degree of asphyxia at the end of apnea was considerable, with PaO2 and PaCO2 reaching 28 Torr and 45 Torr, respectively. The concentration of S100B in serum transiently increased from 0.066 ...
INTRODUCTION: Conventional apnea testing in patients with severe hypoxemia or hemodynamic instability with removal from the ventilator support is unsafe. We describe an alternative approach to apnea testing, which may be used in patients with hypoxia unable to undergo conventional apnea testing. METHODS: Case Report. A 42-year-old man had a severe traumatic brain injury resulting in diffuse cerebral edema and subarachnoid hemorrhage with herniation. His presentation was complicated by hypoxic respiratory failure from pulmonary contusions and hemorrhagic shock. On hospital day 2, the patient lost brain stem reflexes. Brain death testing with conventional apnea testing was attempted but aborted due to hypoxia. RESULTS: A modified apnea test was applied, which had been approved by appropriate hospital committees including critical care operations, ethics, and the brain death protocol council. Minute ventilation was gradually decreased by | /=50% to attain a PaCo2 level | /=20 mm Hg above baseline. The
The content herein is provided for informational purposes and does not replace the need to apply professional clinical judgement when diagnosing or treating any medical condition. A licensed medical practitioner should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Copyright 2021 Oxbridge Solutions Ltd®. Any distribution or duplication of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. Oxbridge Solutions Ltd® receives funding from advertising but maintains editorial independence. GPnotebook stores small data files on your computer called cookies so that we can recognise you and provide you with the best service. If you do not want to receive cookies please do not use GPnotebook ...
Twenty-eight participants returned the questionnaire (85%). Every country has either specific law (93%) or guidelines issued by the scientific society (89%). Clinical examination, essential to the diagnosis, is the only requirement in 50% of countries. Coma, apnea, absence of corneal and cough reflexes are always necessary. Blood pressure and electrolytes are checked in 64% as mandatory prerequisites. The apnea test is legally defined in 86% of countries. Eighty-two percent of countries require achievement of a target paCO2 level while the Netherlands law states target apnea duration. Number of physicians (median 2, range 1 to 4), number of clinical examinations (median 2, 1 to 3), and minimum observation time (median 3 hours, 0 to 12) are variable requisites in different countries. In 50% of nations, additional tests are required. Hypothermia (4%), anoxic injury (7%), inability to complete clinical examination (61%), toxic drug levels (57%), and inconclusive apnea test (54%) are legal ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Beyond the Apnea Test. T2 - An Argument to Broaden the Requirement for Consent to the Entire Brain Death Evaluation. AU - Paquette, Erin. AU - Frader, Joel E. AU - Shah, Seema. AU - C. Tasker, Robert. AU - Truog, Robert. PY - 2020/6/2. Y1 - 2020/6/2. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85085285617&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85085285617&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1080/15265161.2020.1754523. DO - 10.1080/15265161.2020.1754523. M3 - Comment/debate. C2 - 32441597. AN - SCOPUS:85085285617. VL - 20. SP - 17. EP - 19. JO - American Journal of Bioethics. JF - American Journal of Bioethics. SN - 1526-5161. IS - 6. ER - ...
Many People Learned About Inspire Therapy for Sleep Apnea At Our Free Event.. Chicago ENT is the leading providers of Ear, Nose, & Throat services for snoring, sleep apnea, sinus infections, thyroid problems, and more in the Chicagoland area.
At-home sleep apnea tests are an inexpensive and convenient option for sleep apnea diagnosis. Learn more about these tests, their advantages, and how to prepare for them.
Complete your sleep apnea test in the comfort and security of your own home! WatchPat is the most advanced & accurate home sleep testing device in existence. This testing kit is disposable and does not require return shipping. Our testing kit is approved by the FDA, the FAA, & the Department Of Transportation.
Need to know more about Sleep Apnea Test? Find expert research & treatment advice from the American Sleep Association - Official Site.
Electively intubate if using a prostaglandin infusion , 15 nanogram/kg/min and external transfer is required, or if a high dose (, 20 nanogram/kg/min) prostaglandin strategy is planned. Intubation should also be considered for neuroprotection i.e. intracranial haemorrhage (NAI/haemorrhage disease of the newborn) or for cerebral oedema (meningitis/metabolic problem) or to help balance the circulations in pulmonary overcirculation e.g. hypoplastic left heart syndrome with high saturations (,85%) and signs of inadequate systemic circulation (elevated lactate, poor perfusion). Other indications for intubation include respiratory failure, recurrent apnoea, airway obstruction/loss of protective airway reflexes, GCS , 8, to facilitate safe imaging/line insertion or ongoing signs of shock unresponsive to 40 ml/kg of fluid resuscitation. NB Cardiovascular resuscitation should occur before induction of anaesthesia in the shocked patient.. Support patient with PEEP using Ayres T-Piece and face mask ...
AHI - Stands for Apnea Hypopnea Index and is the way of measuring the severity of sleep apnea. This is a count of the number of times you experience apneic or hypopneic episodes in one hour. READ MORE. Allergic reaction - This is an immune response to something non-infectious, e.g. pollen or pet dander.. Allergic rhinitis - Nasal inflammation/blockage caused by an allergic reaction.. Anticholinergic nasal spray - A type of nasal spray which blocks the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which in certain areas of the body can activate nasal mucus glands. This type of spray provides relief from a runny nose. READ MORE. Antihistamine - A type of medication used to block the action of histamine, a prominent chemical released during allergic reactions. Antihistamines usually come in nasal spray or pill form.. Apnea - Literally translates to no breathing.. Apneic episode - A period of 10 seconds or more where your breathing stops during sleep. The number of these in an hour helps to ...
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Our site may use order forms to allow users to request information, products, and services.. Your Doctors Right to Privacy. We will respect your doctors right to privacy. A doctor typically does not give his/her e-mail address to the parents/guardians of patients. We will not provide the e-mail addresses of doctor(s) in the local practice to users of their site without the doctor(s) permission. Their site is restricted to use by whomever they wish, and they may deny access to their site to one or more prior users. In unusual cases, doctors may change their private sites access code and arrange for us to e-mail the new access code to approved users.. Cookies. We use cookies to deliver content specific to your interests and to save your doctors access code so you dont have to re-enter it each time you visit your doctors site on http://www.remedyconnect.com.. Links. This site contains links to other sites. RemedyConnect.com is not responsible for the privacy practices or the content of such ...
An arterial blood gas and end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) were measured at baseline and hemodynamic monitoring and pulse oximetry were monitored throughout. Using the formula: PaCO2 of 10 mmHg = pH of 0.8, it was predicted what EtCO2 was required to achieve a PaCO2 sufficient to cause a pH 7.20. A gas mixture of 3% CO2:97% O2 was then administered through the ventilator adjusting an IMV rate of 2-4 according to the rise in EtCO2. Once the predicted EtCO2 was reached, an blood gas was repeated. The PaCO2-EtCO2 gradient was also calculated pre and post testing. Respiratory movements were monitored by both the respiratory flow loops and by direct visualization by a physician. ...
Sleep apnea testing should be reserved for those with unexplained daytime sleepiness, as others might not see the same cardiovascular and other outcome benefits, the American College of Physicians rec
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I think there will be side effects in the long term. Thoughts anyone? _________________ The new record in breath-holding recently went to a Swiss man who didnt breathe for nearly 20 minutes. Scientists explain how he did it. By Emily Sohn | Wed Feb 17, 2010 08:04 AM ET Peter Colat, a Swiss freediver, held his breath underwater for 19 minutes and 21 seconds, breaking the world record in breath-holding. AP THE GIST:
In a prospective longitudinal study, children with severe breath holding spells (BHS) were enrolled to evaluate the effect of oral iron in decreasing the frequency of BHS and to document the natural history of such spells in children not treated and
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Lets get this out of the way from the start - O.Children sound very like The National. Matt Berninger and his gang cast a long shadow over everything on Apnea,
Background: Endogenous triggers such as voluntary breath-holding induce various cardiovascular responses typically including modification of blood CO2. During dynamic exe..
To assess the blood pressure of former preterm and term matched adolescent controls, and identify risk factors associated with blood pressure at 16 years. *Note: All published information has been collected from the article referenced in the Marker Paper box below. Therefore, there may be variations with more advanced versions of the study ...
Carboxy therapy refers to the cutaneous and subcutaneous administration of carbon dioxide gas [CO2] for therapeutic purposes. Find out more about Carboxy Therapy
Looking for online definition of apnea test in the Medical Dictionary? apnea test explanation free. What is apnea test? Meaning of apnea test medical term. What does apnea test mean?
A Home Sleep Apnea Test (HSAT) is a test that uses a small portable sleep recorder to be worn overnight while you sleep in the comfort of your own home. The portable home sleep recorder will record your oxygen levels, your breathing, your heart rate, chest movements and show if you were snoring and what position you slept in. The results of an overnight Home Sleep Apnea Test will be interpreted by a board-certified sleep physician to diagnose sleep apnea.. ...
Apnea Test on ECMO can be challenging for several reasons. This report provides good information on how to accomplish the Apnea test on ECMO successfully.
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Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) mediates many of the systemic and cellular responses to intermittent hypoxia (IH), which is an experimental model that simulates O2 saturation profiles occurring with recurrent apnea. IH-evoked HIF-1α synthesis and stability are due to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by NADPH oxidases, especially Nox2. However, the mechanisms by which IH activates Nox2 are not known. We recently reported that IH activates xanthine oxidase (XO) and the resulting increase in ROS elevates intracellular calcium levels. Since Nox2 activation requires increased intracellular calcium levels, we hypothesized XO-mediated calcium signaling contributes to Nox activation by IH. We tested this possibility in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells subjected to IH consisting alternating cycles of hypoxia (1.5% O2 for 30 sec) and normoxia (21% O2 for 5 min). Kinetic analysis revealed that IH-induced XO preceded Nox activation. Inhibition of XO activity either by allopurinol or by siRNA
Background: Central apneas can be characterized by measuring the apnea duration, ventilatory phase and respiratory cycle duration. Cardiogenic and idiopathic central apneas have distinct characteristics. Aim: We present on this report the polygraphic features of High altitude central apneas (HACA). Methods: 63 drivers, working the morning shift in a Peruvian Mine and sleeping at 6625 feet above sea level, were tested on their usual nocturnal sleep periods, and in their own sleeping quarters using the Apnea Link plus. Recording was performed on the 2nd day of working cycle. Results: 59 were analyzed. 46 were normal, 6 had Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and 7 central apnea. Patients with central apnea: Age 37.3±19.4 years, BMI 28.7±3.2 kg/m2, Epworth score 3.4±2.7, Lake-Louis score 0.4±0.8, AHI 35.7±19.3, AHI central 13.4±14.2. 85% patients with central apneas they have intermittent exposure to high altitude. Characterization of HACA: ...
First group: Uneventful prematurity → straight forward anesthesia Second group: Ventilatory support-sepsis-PDA-IVH-NEC-multiple medications-BPD/chronic lung disease of the newborn-extubated with great difficulty. The main concern is postoperative apnea until 6-12 Mon. Goals: Avoid intubation/ventilation Avoid postoperative apnea Common surgeries: 1- Laser/cryosurgery for ROP → Face mask/LMA, avoid IV drugs in general 2- Inguinal hernia repair → awake caudal without any drug supplementation or combined with inhalation anesthesia via LMA 3- Circumcision → face mask with penile block ...
Up to 14% of the U.S. population is estimated to have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), while the outcomes of the treatments have variable results. In the current study, a three-dimensional fluid-structure interaction modeling was applied to simulate the upper airway to identify the precise location, severity, and characteristic of airway collapse. This was accomplished using Simpleware® and ANSYS® software applied to a 3-D rendering of the airway in a real patient with severe OSA. During this simulation, areas which are prone to collapse and precipitate apneic episodes were identified at the tip of the soft palate and the base of the tongue, with intrathoracic pressure as low as -1370 Pa ...
Finally, your surgeon will close the incision wound and throat is irrigated and suctioned to remove the accumulated blood and fluid.. The mouth gag is then removed, and the teeth and tongue are examined for any injury.. The shape or appearance of the palate after healing is generally quite different because there is no longer a uvula dangling down the center, but instead, there is a usually smooth curved arc across the palate. Also, it looks significantly shorter.. It is obligatory for you to stay overnight in the hospital.. This procedure, in general, reduces the rate of apneic episodes in half. So you may still end up needing other forms of treatment. A sleep study is conducted around 3 months after surgery to evaluate the results of the surgery. ...
The term ALTE in pediatrics had previously referred to apparent life-threatening event. This event was characterized by some combination of apnea, color change, change in muscle tone, choking or gagging and was also witnessed by and distressing to a caregiver. This was the definition from the National Institute of Health (NIH) in 1986. Because an ALTE was a diagnosis based on symptomatology rather than pathophysiology, the differential diagnosis was broad.. In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a new clinical practice guideline that recommended the replacement of the term ALTE with the new term BRUE (pronounced brew) which stands for brief resolved unexplained event. This is the first AAP guideline that specifically addresses these events. The new guideline and change in terminology are based on a literature review of ALTEs from 1970 through 2014. The new term better reflects the transient nature and lack of clear cause of such events, which are rarely life-threatening ...
Emergency Medicine is a chapter in the book, Pediatrics, containing the following 1 pages: Apparent Life-Threatening Events In Children.
Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy ...
An M or F appearing at the end of a spells name in the spell lists denotes a spell with a material or focus component, respectively, that is not normally included in a spell component pouch. An Xdenotes a spell with an XP component paid by the caster. Order of Presentation: In the spell lists and the spell descriptions that follow them, the spells are presented in alphabetical order by name except for those belonging to certain spell chains. When a spells name begins with lesser, greater, or mass, the spell description is alphabetized under the second word of the spell name instead. Hit Dice: The term Hit Dice is used synonymously with character levels for effects that affect a number of Hit Dice of creatures. Creatures with Hit Dice only from their race, not from classes, have character levels equal to their Hit Dice. Caster Level: A spells power often depends on caster level, which is defined as the casters class level for the purpose of casting a particular spell. A creature ...
Select one spell. You cast that spell with greater than normal power.. Prerequisites: Int 13, Spell Focus.. Benefit: Select one spell of a school for which you have taken the Spell Focus feat. Treat your caster level as being two higher for all level-variable effects of the spell.. Every time you gain an even level in the spellcasting class you chose your spell from, you can choose a new spell to replace the spell selected with this feat, and that spell becomes your specialized spell.. Special: You can gain this feat multiple times. Its effects do not stack. Each time you take the feat, it applies to a different spell.. ...
Jerry The King Lawler has again recovered from a health scare -- a March 21 stroke that threatened his appearance at WrestleMania
Feeling CARDIO-RESPIRATORY ARREST while using Ativan? CARDIO-RESPIRATORY ARREST Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Ativan Reports and Side Effects.
UCL Discovery is UCLs open access repository, showcasing and providing access to UCL research outputs from all UCL disciplines.
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Siphons health from the target every 1 second for 10 sec. This is an NPC Ability. A spell from World of Warcraft: Legion. Always up to date with the latest patch.
Periodically drains the victim of health, healing the caster in the process. This is an NPC Ability. A spell from World of Warcraft: Legion.
Finding out what causes dizzy spells can spell relief for many people, while yet others might never know the cause of their dizzy spells and accept them as part
It should look about the same today. (Update (5:13): Something happened when I posted this before leaving the house this morning. This is kind of pointless now but I will post it anyway...
of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct; lasted approximately an hour; in just about a minute; hes about 30 years old; ive had about all i can stand; we meet about once a month; some forty people came; weighs around a hundred pounds; roughly $3,000; holds 3 gallons, more or less; 20 or so people were at the party.. ...
I think this has been mentioned before, but would it be possible to add spell check to this forum? Im not an idiot, but I forget how to spell words, espec...
Obstructive Sleep Apnea[edit]. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects around 4% of men and 2% of women in the United States.[47] ... Sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing lack of sufficient deep sleep, often ... Other forms of sleep apnea include central sleep apnea and sleep-related hypoventilation.[9] ... "Obstructive sleep apnea - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic". www.mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 2017-11-27.. ...
Sleep apnea[edit]. Obstructive sleep apnea is often caused by collapse of the upper airway during sleep, which reduces airflow ... Central sleep apnea is caused by a failure of the central nervous system to signal the body to breathe during sleep. Treatments ... Other scientists hold that the physical discomfort of obesity and related problems, such as sleep apnea, reduce an individual's ... Those who suffer from sleep apnea may experience symptoms such as awakening gasping or choking, restless sleep, morning ...
Obstructive Sleep Apnea[edit]. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects around 4% of men and 2% of women in the United States.[47] ... Sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing lack of sufficient deep sleep, often ... Other forms of sleep apnea are less common.[8] Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a medical disorder that is caused by repetitive ... "Obstructive sleep apnea - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic". www.mayoclinic.org. Retrieved 2017-11-27.. ...
"What is Sleep Apnoea? (Sleep Apnea)". britishsnoring.co.uk. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2019. ... Obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which major pauses in breathing occur during sleep, ... Obstructive sleep apnea is more common than central sleep apnea.[94] As oxygen levels in the blood drop, the patient then comes ... "Sleep Apnea". National Sleep Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.. ...
Obstructive sleep apnea[edit]. Main article: Obstructive sleep apnea § Radiofrequency ablation. RFA was first studied in ... The clinical application of RFA in obstructive sleep apnea is reviewed in that main article, including controversies and ... "Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians". Annals ... obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a pig model.[23] RFA has been recognized as a somnoplasty treatment option in selected ...
Blaine was attempting to hold his breath (known as "apnea") long enough to break the current world record of eight minutes, ...
Alprostadil is sold in the United States as urethral suppositories and in injectable form. The suppositories are sold under the brand name Muse.[6] The injectable forms are Edex[7] and Caverject.[8] Muse delivers alprostadil as a penile suppository, inserted into the urethra, at least ten minutes before the erection is needed. Caverject and Edex are similarly fast-acting, but instead are injected by syringe directly into the corpus cavernosum of the penis. Alprostadil is also available as a generic. The major cost is that it must be mixed by a compounding pharmacy and supplies may be difficult to obtain. The different formulations, including Bimix and Trimix, may include papaverine and/or phentolamine. A typical mix might be 30 mg of papaverine, 2 mg of phentolamine, and 20 μg alprostadil. As a generic, it is much less expensive than the packaged injectables. It is premixed and must be kept refrigerated and the user must load a syringe with the quantity needed. Most recently, the compound has ...
Sleep apnea. Sleep disorder where breathing starts/stops, a lot of times the person will snore. More common. Less common. ... Additional neuromuscular features include sleep apnea, muscular spasticity, progressive loss of muscle strength and tone ...
Sleep apnea. Prevention[edit]. Because there are no symptoms with high blood pressure, people can have the condition without ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Obstructive sleep apnea. Thermal or other hypothalamic dysregulations, with autonomic dysregulation by median age 3.6 years: ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
Dynamic apnea without fins (DNF). *Free immersion (FIM). *No-limits apnea (NLT) ...
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Obstructive sleep apnea Open pop-up dialog box Close Obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea ... There are several types of sleep apnea, but the most common is obstructive sleep apnea. This type of apnea occurs when your ... The frequency of obstructive sleep apnea increases in women after menopause.. *A family history of sleep apnea. If you have ... 6 surprising signs you may have obstructive sleep apnea * Does obstructive sleep apnea increase my risk for Alzheimers disease ...
These are just a few common symptoms of sleep apnea, and heres a guide for what you can do if you think you (or sleep next to ... Witness Apnea: Some people who have sleep apnea only learn about it from their partners. Doctors call this "witness apnea." "A ... Keep Reading about Sleep Apnea and Your Health. I Learned I Have Sleep Apnea. Its More Serious Than Many People Realize. June ... Are You Suffering From Sleep Apnea?. It can manifest itself in different ways. But some of the hallmarks of sleep apnea are ...
Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Snoring is a common warning sign for obstructive sleep apnea. Prior to treatment, you ... Dentists Treat Sleep Apnea, Too. Did you know that many dentists are trained to help treat and manage your snoring and sleep ... Across the country, many dentists are prepared to provide oral appliance therapy to treat snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. ... If you have snoring without sleep apnea, your doctor can give you a prescription for an oral sleep appliance. If you have sleep ...
... as treatment for apnoea was compared with placebo or no treatment for apnoea in preterm infants were included. ... Methylxanthine treatment for apnoea in preterm infants.. Henderson-Smart DJ1, De Paoli AG. ... Recurrent apnoea is common in preterm infants, particularly at very early gestational ages. These episodes of ineffective ... The post-hoc analysis of the large CAP Trial comparing caffeine to control in a subgroup of infants being treated for apnoea ...
... I never heard of this disorder until a friend of mine told me had it. I became more interested in learning ... Reggie Whites Death Linked to Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Return to Goodnews UMM Health Homepage. Thank you for visiting my page ...
Obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, mixed sleep apnea[1]. Risk factors. Overweight, family history, allergies, ... "Sleep apnea". Archived from the original on 2014-04-30.. *^ "What Is Sleep Apnea?". Nhlbi health. Archived from the original on ... "Sleep Apnea: Who Is At Risk for Sleep Apnea?". NHLBI: Health Information for the Public. U.S. Department of Health and Human ... "Sleep Apnea: What Is Sleep Apnea?". NHLBI: Health Information for the Public. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ...
Oral appliance therapy has a definite role in the treatment of sleep apnea and snoring. Enough chewing from childhood or ... No reduction in the mean EMG amplitude was seen during central apneas. Thus, central apneas are suggested to occur independent ... Treatment and Research of Sleep Apnea Syndrome‎ , ‎Neurophysiological Aspect of Sleep Apnea Syndrome‎ , ‎Electrophysiological ... Polysomnographic recording during central sleep apnea. During central sleep apnea, both abdominal and chest movements ...
Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow while you sleep. Discover sleep apnea ... Apnea of Prematurity (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish * Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Mayo Foundation ... Sleep Apnea (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) * Sleep Apnea Information Page (National Institute of ... However, not everyone who snores has sleep apnea.. You are more at risk for sleep apnea if you are overweight, male, or have a ...
... sleep apnea surgery, urinating during the night - symptoms for what, agomelatine may improve rem sleep behavior disorder ... sleep apnea and depression treatment, insomnia cookies menu, ... Correlation between sleep apnea and gerd. *Sleep apnea machines ... Sleep apnea occurs when airway obstruction interrupts normal breathing that can last 10 seconds or longer. If sleep apnea is ... Kid snoring sound effect Sleep apnea mouth guard walgreens Sleep apnoea symptoms diagnosis Snore pillow review uk Sleep apnea ...
How Is Sleep Apnea Treated?. If enlarged tonsils or adenoids are thought to be causing the apnea, the doctor will refer your ... What Happens During Sleep Apnea?. Sleep apnea happens when a person stops breathing during sleep. It is usually caused by ... But when breathing stops often or for longer periods, its called sleep apnea. When someone has sleep apnea, oxygen levels in ... How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed?. If your child snores regularly, is a restless sleeper, is very sleepy during the day, or has ...
About Sleep Apnea. Sleep apnea happens when a person stops breathing during sleep ("apnea" comes from a Greek word meaning " ... Treating Sleep Apnea. If enlarged tonsils or adenoids are thought to be causing the apnea, the doctor will refer your child to ... But with sleep apnea, this pattern repeats itself all night. So people who have it dont reach a deeper, more restful level of ... This is known as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).. OSA is a common, serious condition that can make kids miss out on healthy, ...
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which relaxation of muscles in the throat repeatedly close off the airway ... sleep apnea. sleep apnea, episodes of interrupted breathing during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which ... A different type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, is believed to be caused by an abnormality in the brains ... Sometimes obstructive sleep apnea can be treated by surgically correcting the narrowing of the airway. Another option is ...
... sleep apnea menopause symptoms, sleep deprivation statistics uk, online sleep diary, snoring cures nz, how to quit snoring ... Sleeping pills names in indian market Lavender for sleep apnea Insomnia treatment options Sleep apnea and gerd Insomnia sleep ... Sleep apnea menopause symptoms,symptoms of sleep paralysis,medication for sleep apnea - Reviews ... Sleep Apnea or OSA, as it is generally referred to; is a medical condition where the upper airway of the nose collapses, when ...
... sleep apnea can lead to worse things -- such as serious car wrecks, heart disease, diabetes, and pregnancy complications, ... Sleep Apnea and Heart Attack, Heart Death. Having sleep apnea for four or five years raises a persons risk of having a heart ... Sleep Apnea and Car Crashes. Raw data suggest that sleep apnea raises the risk that a person will be involved in a motor ... Sleep Apnea and Pregnancy Complications. Sleep apnea is more common among obese people. But the extra weight gain during the ...
People who have sleep apnea stop breathing for 10 to 30 seconds at a time while they are sleeping. ... What causes sleep apnea?. There are two kinds of sleep apnea: obstructive apnea and central apnea. ... Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type. Nine out of 10 people who have sleep apnea have this type of apnea. If you ... What is sleep apnea?. Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder. People who have sleep apnea stop breathing for 10 to 30 seconds ...
Sleep apnea Definition Sleep apnea, or sleep-disordered breathing, is a condition in which breathing is briefly interrupted or ... Apnea Child Development COPYRIGHT 2002 The Gale Group Inc.. APNEA. Apnea is a condition when breathing stops during sleep. ... Koliha, C. A. "Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Post Treatment … Something to Consider?" ORL-Head and ... Mixed apnea is a combination of OSA and central apnea.. * tonsils (TON-silz) are paired clusters of lymphoid tissues in the ...
... is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow. Breathing pauses can last ... However, not everyone who snores has sleep apnea.. You are more at risk for sleep apnea if you are overweight, male, or have a ... Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow. Breathing pauses can last from a few ... Doctors diagnose sleep apnea based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and sleep study results. ...
Obstructive sleep apnea -- disruptive snoring -- is linked to conditions such as high blood pressure and heart disease and ... 11 Ways Sleep Apnea Can Hurt Your Health Medically Reviewed by Neha Pathak, MD on June 06, 2021 Articles On What Is Obstructive ... 1. High blood pressure. If you already have it, sleep apnea can make it worse. When you wake up often during the night, your ... Sleep apnea disrupts how your body takes in oxygen, which makes it hard for your brain to control how blood flows in your ...
... apnea) during sleep, which are associated with partial or complete closure of the throat (pper airway). Explore symptoms, ... Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which individuals experience pauses in breathing ( ... Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which individuals experience pauses in breathing (apnea) during sleep, which are ... Obstructive sleep apnea is a common condition. It is estimated to affect 2 to 4 percent of children and at least 10 percent of ...
Email apnea - a temporary absence or suspension of breathing, or shallow breathing, while doing email (Linda Stone, February ... I wanted to know - how widespread is email apnea*? I observed others on computers and BlackBerries: in their offices, their ... In the meantime, why not breathe while doing email? Awareness is the first step toward wiping out email apnea! ...
... such as sleep apnea. Apnea can also be intentional. Breathe in, and dont breathe out again for several seconds or min... ... apnea (apnea while moving, that is, swimming) and static apnea (apnea while staying still). Static apnea performance is ... Sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea. hypersomnia. shallow water blackout. static apnea. co-sleeping. Münchausen syndrome by ... Apnea can be a medical condition, such as sleep apnea. Apnea can also be intentional. Breathe in, and dont breathe out again ...
This is the first good nights sleep weve had in 10 years, said a couple whos managing sleep apnea with an oral device made ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea Part 10: Oral Appliances, Appliance Selection - Duration: 21:24. Finkel Dental Forum 17,089 views ... Exercises for Sleep Apnea, Snoring, Sinus Pressure & more. Addressing the nose, throat and tongue - Duration: 15:15. Adam ... "This is the first good nights sleep weve had in 10 years," said a couple whos managing sleep apnea with an oral device made ...
Herbst sleep apnea appliance - instructions - Duration: 5 minutes, 35 seconds.. *1,400 views ... EMA sleep apnea appliance - instructions - Duration: 5 minutes, 41 seconds.. *572 views ... Dorsal appliance for sleep apnea - instruction - Duration: 2 minutes, 25 seconds.. *441 views ...
Surratts apnea included around 120 sleep arousals per hour.. And, fatigue is not the only result of sleep apnea. Said Schulman ... The most common risk factor for sleep apnea, and particularly obstructive sleep apnea is weight, obesity, says Schulman. And ... Sleep apnea is more common in men than women. Risk factors include overweight, abnormalities in the structure of the nose or ... Surratt learned he had sleep apnea.. Dr. David Schulman, co-director of the Emory Clinic Sleep Disorders Lab, explains the ...
Sleep apnea can be life-threatening; new treatments give patients more alternatives to the CPAP machine, with a sleep mask many ... Not everyone who snores has apnea, but nearly everyone with apnea snores, and snorers are more at risk for developing apnea if ... Sleep apnea booming; new treatments offer alternatives. Sleep apnea can be life-threatening; new treatments give patients more ... Sleep apnea booming; new treatments offer alternatives Sleep apnea can be life-threatening; new treatments give patients more ...
This is called obstructive sleep apnea (AP-nee-uh).. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can make the bodys oxygen levels fall and ... How Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treated?. When obstructive sleep apnea is mild, doctors might check a childs sleep for a while ... What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?. Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing during sleep. It usually happens because ... In obstructive sleep apnea, these muscles can relax too much and collapse the airway, making it hard to breathe. ...
Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is a condition in which premature infants stop breathing for 15 to 20 seconds during sleep. AOP ... What Is Apnea of Prematurity?. Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is when a premature (or preterm) baby:. *pauses breathing for more ... If Your Baby Is on a Home Apnea Monitor. Although apnea spells usually end by the time most preemies go home, a few will ... What Happens in Apnea of Prematurity?. Apnea of prematurity is fairly common in preemies. Doctors usually diagnose the ...
Learn about the causes of sleep apnea, a condition that disrupts normal sleeping patterns and is characterized by difficulty ... such as a mouthpiece if you have mild sleep apnea, or even surgery if your apnea is severe. ... But keep in mind that such an at-home test will only pick up sleep apnea in the most severe cases. "If youre a 65-year old ... Sleep apnea is often overlooked because its symptoms can be subtle. "The most obvious signs are snoring and waking up gasping ...
O Children, Apnea - Exclusive Stream Rebecca Schiller May 30, 2012 4:42 pm BST. ... If youre a fan of O Children then good news - their second studio album Apnea is now available to stream in full, ahead of ...
Sleep apnea affects millions of Americans and can contribute to high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke and memory problems. ... Sleep apnea is linked to hypertension. According to Root, "Untreated sleep apnea leads to elevations of adrenaline at night, ... "When people with sleep apnea awaken, they commonly do so with more adrenaline than those without sleep apnea, so they are more ... In sleep apnea, its common for pauses in breathing to be followed by gasping, choking or snorting. "When the oxygen in your ...
  • This type of apnea occurs when your throat muscles intermittently relax and block your airway during sleep. (mayoclinic.org)
  • The most common treatment for sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. (aadsm.org)
  • In some severe cases of sleep apnea, upper airway surgery may be another treatment option. (aadsm.org)
  • Sleep apnea occurs when airway obstruction interrupts normal breathing that can last 10 seconds or longer. (amazonaws.com)
  • In obstructive sleep apnea, these muscles can relax too much and collapse the airway, making it hard to breathe. (kidshealth.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which relaxation of muscles in the throat repeatedly close off the airway during sleep the person wakes just enough to take a gasping breath. (infoplease.com)
  • Sometimes obstructive sleep apnea can be treated by surgically correcting the narrowing of the airway. (infoplease.com)
  • If you have obstructive apnea, something is blocking the airway that brings air into your body (also called the trachea ). (familydoctor.org)
  • Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea may have airway obstruction because of excessive relaxation of throat muscles or because of an already narrowed passage. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Because many patients with obstructive sleep apnea have no major structural defects in the airway and are not obese, other factors such as disordered control of ventilation and changes in lung volume during sleep may play a role in causing the condition. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which individuals experience pauses in breathing (apnea) during sleep, which are associated with partial or complete closure of the throat (pper airway). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Studies have shown that a man with a collar size that is greater than seventeen inches around or a woman with a collar size greater than sixteen inches around is at a very increased risk of having obstructive sleep apnea,' he said, 'presumably because that's a marker of fat deposit around the airway. (cnn.com)
  • Sleep apnea is generally caused by a crowded upper airway, muscle weakness around the throat, or weight gain that adds fat around the airway, leading to collapse during sleep. (usatoday.com)
  • The standard treatment for sleep apnea is sleeping with a face mask on a continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, machine. (usatoday.com)
  • While men are more likely to be diagnosed with sleep apnea, the rates for women increase after menopause when hormonal changes affect muscle tone, making the airway more likely to collapse during sleep. (aarp.org)
  • A 2017 study found that 65 percent of those with sleep apnea reported a reduction in nocturia after using a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) mask. (aarp.org)
  • Pediatric sleep apnea can range from simple snoring without blockage of the airway to severe blockage of the airway with prolonged pauses. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • However, the study also finds depressive symptoms among sleep apnea patients can be relieved with the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Go to Upper Airway Evaluation in Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea for complete information on this topic. (medscape.com)
  • Beebe DW, Gozal D. Obstructive sleep apnea and the prefrontal cortex: towards a comprehensive model linking nocturnal upper airway obstruction to daytime cognitive and behavioral deficits. (medscape.com)
  • Obstructive apnea is when there is an obstruction of the airway passages and therefore poor to no air exchange. (medscape.com)
  • In central sleep apnea, people stop breathing while asleep, "not because of an obstruction in the upper airway but rather because the brain does not send a signal to breathe," says Dr. Phyllis Zee, a professor of neurology at Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago and an expert in sleep disorders. (latimes.com)
  • The current standard treatment for OSA-nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)-eliminates apnea and the ensuing acute hemodynamic changes during sleep. (nih.gov)
  • With obstructive sleep apnea, your breathing stops and starts periodically over the course of the night because your upper airway is either fully or partially obstructed, blocking the normal flow of air. (healthgrades.com)
  • Sleep apnea, which was named after a Greek word meaning "want of breath," 2 occurs when an obstruction in the airway causes impaired breathing during sleep. (mercola.com)
  • What comes with sleep apnea are these changes in the brain, so in addition to prescribing continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, physicians now know to pay attention to helping their patients who have these other symptoms," he continued. (psychcentral.com)
  • Long-term use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment for obstructive sleep apnea was associated an improvement in sexual quality of life for women, but not men. (news-medical.net)
  • Patients with prediabetes who also have obstructive sleep apnea may improve their resting heart rate, an important measure of cardiovascular health, by using continuous positive airway pressure to treat their OSA, according to a randomized, controlled trial presented at the ATS 2018 International Conference. (news-medical.net)
  • Here at Memorial Hermann Home Care, we offer several therapies to treat sleep apnea utilizing positive airway pressure (PAP) devices. (memorialhermann.org)
  • The most common kind of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea , in which the tissue in the back of your throat collapses and blocks your airway during sleep. (rush.edu)
  • If your sleep study shows that you have obstructive sleep apnea, your sleep specialist may recommend that you have a full upper airway evaluation. (rush.edu)
  • For moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea, you may be prescribed a breathing device that delivers pressurized air through a mask to keep your airway open while you sleep. (rush.edu)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs as repetitive episodes of complete or partial upper airway blockage during sleep. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • In central sleep apnea, the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe due to instability in the respiratory control center. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the rear of the throat collapses during sleep. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Sleep Apnea occurs when the tongue falls back into the throat and blocks the airway path. (hubpages.com)
  • Here, a specialized trained dentist utilizes airway testing with its dentistry device Sleep Apnea to know and treat the cause. (hubpages.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder of breathing during sleep in which episodic upper airway collapse disrupts ventilation and leads to oxyhemoglobin desaturation and poor sleep quality. (aappublications.org)
  • Opiates can worsen sleep apnea by reducing upper airway tone and central respiratory drive. (redorbit.com)
  • They say the findings support the ongoing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices to protect sleepers from airway closure due to sleep apnea. (upi.com)
  • An estimated 20 to 30 percent of adults have obstructive sleep apnea, which causes a person's airway to close multiple times per hour during sleep. (upi.com)
  • In obstructive sleep apnea, muscles in the airway collapse during sleep and block breathing . (medicinenet.com)
  • When natural cures do not stop the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring is pronounced at night, machines using continuous positive airway pressure are effective. (newsmax.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is a disorder characterized by repetitive episodes of upper airway obstruction that occur during sleep. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is characterized by the recurrent collapse of the pharyngeal airway during sleep, which generally requires arousal to reestablish airway patency and resume breathing. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Upper airway obstruction can be complete, in which case there is no airflow (obstructive apnea) or partial, during which there is a substantial reduction in, but not a complete cessation of, airflow (obstructive hypopnea). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Children with Down syndrome and other congenital conditions that affect the upper airway have a higher incidence of sleep apnea. (babycenter.com)
  • Some children with obstructive sleep apnea need to use a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) machine, which keeps the airway open by blowing air into the nose via a mask during sleep. (babycenter.com)
  • Extensive effort has been directed toward identifying patients with [obstructive sleep apnea] who are likely to have postoperative airway and respiratory complications, in the hope of directing resources and preventing complications," Pang and colleagues wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine estimates that 25 million adults in the U.S. are afflicted with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a disease caused when the tongue and soft palate collapse onto the back of the throat during sleep, blocking the upper airway. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Published as a research abstract in the Journal of Dental Sleep Medicine , the study monitored 299 patients with sleep apnea, including 77 who also had high blood pressure, over nine months while they used an oral appliance , a "mouth guard-like" device custom fit by a dentist and worn during sleep to maintain an open, unobstructed airway. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • This is important news for patients struggling with sleep apnea because oral appliances are often found to be more comfortable and easier to wear every night than the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) mask traditionally used to treat sleep apnea. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when something is blocking your airway, such as your tonsils. (go.com)
  • And I've now even given away both of my continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines, which is the standard treatment for overweight people who have sleep apnea. (mendosa.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the soft tissues in the throat relax to the point that they obstruct the airway. (hubpages.com)
  • People with sleep apnea tend to snore (often loudly) and occasionally snort and gasp for breath when their airway is totally blocked. (health.com)
  • Your doctor should consider giving you a prescription for a sleep apnea appliance if you are unable to tolerate CPAP therapy or prefer an alternate treatment. (aadsm.org)
  • He is much more likely to recommend the most effective sleep apnea treatment -- a continuous positive air pressure or CPAP device -- to patients with driving problems, even if their sleep apnea is relatively mild. (webmd.com)
  • Botros and colleagues are now looking at whether CPAP treatment can reduce sleep apnea patients' diabetes risk. (webmd.com)
  • He's given up the large CPAP mask that is the standard treatment and now uses disposable Provent Sleep Apnea Therapy nose patches. (usatoday.com)
  • The CPAP has been the standard of care for sleep apnea for three decades, and it helps nearly all the people who faithfully use it - though Bleck's reaction is quite common. (usatoday.com)
  • If you wear one, a lot of the risks associated with sleep apnea can be dramatically reduced: A 2014 study published in the medical journal Sleep found that people who used a CPAP machine for just three months experienced a significant reduction in blood pressure. (aarp.org)
  • CPAP is considered to be the 'gold star' of treating sleep apnea, but only when used consistently and properly. (prweb.com)
  • Researchers found CPAP was effective reducing depressive symptoms among patients with sleep apnea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In this latest study, Dr. David R. Hillman, clinical professor at the University of Western Australia, and colleagues set out to gain a better understanding of the prevalence of depressive symptoms among individuals with sleep apnea, and to investigate whether CPAP may be effective for reducing these symptoms. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Participants who were diagnosed with sleep apnea were offered CPAP therapy 5 hours a night for 3 months. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • What is more, the team found that of the 41 participants with sleep apnea who reported feelings of self-harm or suicidal thoughts at study baseline, none reported any such feelings after 3 months of CPAP. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • I use the CPAP for my sleep apnea and know that I would constantly wake up during the night because the mask would slip or would be uncomfortable or even the most annoying--hissing. (medhelp.org)
  • Marc reveals that in most cases, doctors recommend CPAP in the treatment of sleep apnea. (prweb.com)
  • The Apnea Treatment Guide review indicates that sufferers commonly experience many symptoms that CPAP cannot relieve. (prweb.com)
  • Marc MacDonald goes further and claims that CPAP is never a solution to cure sleep apnea. (prweb.com)
  • The Cure your Sleep Apnea without CPAP program is now accessible to absolutely all patients looking to achieve relief. (prweb.com)
  • The Cure your Sleep Apnea without CPAP book comes with some bonuses, including the Overcome Insomnia guide. (prweb.com)
  • In future studies, the researchers said they hope to determine whether treating sleep apnea using CPAP or other methods returns patients' brain chemicals back to normal levels. (psychcentral.com)
  • Even if sleep apnea has been diagnosed and a decision is made to treat the condition with a CPAP machine based on results of the sleep study, it doesn't end there. (healthcentral.com)
  • Experts at Rush offer sleep study diagnosis of snoring/obstructive sleep apnea, and treatments that include CPAP, BiPAP, ASV and Inspire therapy. (rush.edu)
  • If you have obstructive sleep apnea and can't use a CPAP machine, your specialist might recommend sleep surgery . (rush.edu)
  • I have sleep apnea myself and what usually happens tome is I do dream when I have my cpap on I dont always remember either but if I have taken my cpap off during the night I end up having nightmares and I think when you interrupt your sleep you maybe were in a sound sleep. (dailystrength.org)
  • The Sleep Apnea dental services provide 3 professional treatments like Oral appliance therapy, CPAP, and Surgery. (hubpages.com)
  • All the subjects had moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea and were monitored either while using a CPAP device or after not using it for two nights. (upi.com)
  • The levels rose in those who hadn't used a CPAP device, and they rose more in those with the most severe cases of sleep apnea. (upi.com)
  • The findings "highlight the effectiveness of CPAP treatment in reducing one of the most significant health issues [ heart disease ] associated with obstructive sleep apnea," the researchers concluded. (medicinenet.com)
  • The study included 13 sleep apnea patients who were assessed before and after six months of CPAP treatment. (medicinenet.com)
  • These data strongly suggest that functional and anatomical changes within the brain stem, which we believe underlie the elevated sympathetic activity in individuals with untreated obstructive sleep apnea, can be restored to healthy levels by CPAP treatment," the University of Sydney researchers wrote. (medicinenet.com)
  • These CPAP machines are recommended for use by doctors as cures for obstructive sleep apnea. (newsmax.com)
  • Machines such as CPAP are connected to the patient with obstructive sleep apnea at night. (newsmax.com)
  • The CPAP machine cures the problems leading to obstructive sleep apnea and helps the person stop snoring almost immediately. (newsmax.com)
  • While it is highly effective at treating sleep apnea, up to 50 percent of patients do not continue to use CPAP treatment long-term. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Cpap Machines MyCPAP Australia is an online distributor & supplies CPAP masks, machines, sleep apnea & Bipap machine & equipments throughout Australia. (issuu.com)
  • CPAP is an effective machine for treating sleep apnea. (issuu.com)
  • She added that sleep apnea can be treated with a CPAP machine, which forces air into your mouth and keeps your airways open as you sleep. (go.com)
  • Four years ago, when I finally began to get my sleep apnea under control with a CPAP machine, I wrote my first article about it. (mendosa.com)
  • Many commenters to CMS supported the decision, noting, "That Medicare coverage of home sleep studies to diagnose OSA [obstructive sleep apnea] to qualify for CPAP therapy will improve access to care, and that home sleep tests are more accurate since you sleep more naturally in the home setting. (mendosa.com)
  • The next best thing for sleep apnea is using a CPAP machine while you sleep, the IDF says. (mendosa.com)
  • CPAP is generally recommended to treat sleep apnea. (nationaljewish.org)
  • He was diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in which people stop breathing for short periods, disrupting their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times a night. (usatoday.com)
  • Of those tested, 94% were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. (news-medical.net)
  • There are several types of sleep apnea, but the most common is obstructive sleep apnea. (mayoclinic.org)
  • 6. Types of Sleep Apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea. (slideshare.net)
  • The two main types of sleep apnea are obstructive sleep apnea, caused by blocked airways, and central sleep apnea, caused by a problem with how the brain signals the breathing muscles. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Doctors diagnose sleep apnea based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and sleep study results. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor can diagnose sleep apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • A sleep study (also called a polysomnogram ) can help doctors diagnose sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. (kidshealth.org)
  • Rush experts in pulmonary medicine and sleep surgery work together in the center to diagnose sleep apnea and develop a plan for helping you sleep soundly again. (rush.edu)
  • The test that's usually used to diagnose sleep apnea is called a polysomnogram. (babycenter.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Sleep apnea , also spelled sleep apnoea , is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder. (familydoctor.org)
  • Tests done at the sleep disorder center may reveal which kind of sleep apnea you have. (familydoctor.org)
  • As sleep apnea seldom occurs in premenopausal females, it is suggested that hormones may play some role in the disorder. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dr. David Schulman, co-director of the Emory Clinic Sleep Disorders Lab, explains the disorder this way: 'Sleep apnea is a problem where people have short pauses or basically cut-downs in their breathing for brief periods of time at night. (cnn.com)
  • While more than half of people over the age of 65 are at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea, the most common type of the disorder, only 8 percent were tested for it, according to a recent University of Michigan study. (aarp.org)
  • The American Sleep Apnea Association is dedicated to reducing injury, disability, and death from sleep apnea and to enhancing the well-being of those affected by this common disorder. (centerwatch.com)
  • A new study shows that compared to people who do not have the disorder, those who suffer from sleep apnea may not be capable of burning sufficiently high levels of oxygen during strenuous aerobic exercise. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • people with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea appear to have a lower peak oxygen uptake during aerobic activity compared to people who do not suffer from the sleep disorder. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • thus, the disorder can be confused with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • Periodic limb movement disorder, nocturnal seizures, rhythmic movement disorder, and various parasomnias can be differentiated from obstructive sleep apnea on the basis of polysomnography. (medscape.com)
  • A new study has found that a common but dangerous sleep disorder called obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) poses more of a cardiac risk to women than men. (news-medical.net)
  • Infants often aren't screened for sleep apnea, but a new study suggests the disorder may be tied to an increased risk of death in infants with congenital heart disease. (news-medical.net)
  • Sleep apnea is a common disorder characterized by shallow breaths or pauses in breathing during sleep. (livescience.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. (nih.gov)
  • This could be the reason so many people with sleep apnea - a disorder in which a person's breathing is frequently interrupted during sleep, as many as 30 times an hour - report problems with thinking, such as poor concentration, difficulty with memory and decision-making, depression and stress. (psychcentral.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a potentially serious disorder in which a person's breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep. (yahoo.com)
  • Researchers have found an association between obstructive sleep apnea and increased blood sugar levels, with severity of the sleep disorder being linked with increased levels. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Sleep Apnea is a sleep disorder where breathing is interrupted during sleep. (memorialhermann.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. (dailystrength.org)
  • A Sleep Apnea is a life threatening disorder in which an individual stops breathing for few seconds or longer and resumes breathing after that. (hubpages.com)
  • There is a specialized training where the dentist Sleep Apnea has undergone to treat this disorder. (hubpages.com)
  • Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder, also known as sleep apnea, causes the sufferer to stop breathing during the night for periods lasting from 30 seconds to 2 minutes. (psychnet-uk.com)
  • But frequent, loud snoring may be a sign of sleep apnea, a common and potentially serious disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts as you sleep. (psychnet-uk.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a potentially serious disorder in which breathing is interrupted repeatedly during sleep. (babycenter.com)
  • My particular case of sleep apnea was discovered about fifteen years ago and I've been living with the disorder and the treatment ever since. (hubpages.com)
  • This is often the case with sleep apnea as the person with the disorder rarely realizes what is going on and is not aware that their breathing is being disrupted or that they are waking up periodically during the night. (hubpages.com)
  • Sleep Apnea is a sleep disorder where pauses in the breathing process occur, or abnormally low breathing is occurring during sleep. (hubpages.com)
  • The most undiagnosed sleep disorder in the country may also be the most dangerous: Obstructive sleep apnea, a condition that robs more than 20 million Americans of rest every night. (health.com)
  • People with sleep apnea have problems with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), impaired alertness, and vision problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research has also shown that older adults with excessive daytime sleepiness and moderate to severe sleep apnea are more than twice as likely to die than those who don't have it. (aarp.org)
  • The report estimated that only about 10 percent of those of us with sleep apnea knew what caused their excessive daytime sleepiness or other symptoms. (mendosa.com)
  • The symptoms may range from mild to severe and usually include one or more of the following: hypersomnia (excessive daytime sleepiness), insomnia (decreased sleep efficiency with unrestful sleep with frequent waking up in the night), loud snoring and/or brief pauses in breathing (short periods of apnea), leg movements or an urge to move the legs at night, sleepwalking, or night terrors (nightmares). (medicinenet.com)
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a condition that, if untreated, can have significant aeromedical complications such as Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS), heart rhythm disturbances, stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, as well as memory and concentration difficulties. (aopa.org)
  • Adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who experience excessive sleepiness while awake appear to be at far greater risk for cardiovascular diseases than those without excessive daytime sleepiness, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (news-medical.net)
  • A new study has shown a link between severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and excessive daytime sleepiness with an increased risk of depression in men. (psychcentral.com)
  • Sleep apnea symptoms include heavy snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness or fatigue, difficulty with concentration or memory, among many others. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Lifestyle changes such as losing weight, quitting smoking and avoiding alcohol can reduce severity of sleep apnea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Diagnosis and severity of sleep apnea were determined using overnight polysomnography, or a "sleep study," which records brain waves, blood oxygen levels, breathing, heart rate and eye and leg movements during sleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The greater the severity of sleep apnea, the higher the likelihood of depressive symptoms, the researchers found. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • They also found that the severity of sleep apnea increased the risk of being disabled after being hospitalized for a stroke. (livescience.com)
  • The incidence and severity of sleep apnea we observed among survivors of acute respiratory failure, if replicated in larger studies, are cause for concern," said Dr. Parsons. (redorbit.com)
  • Researchers from the Sleep Heart Health Study (SHHS) report that the risk of stroke appears in men with mild sleep apnea and rises with the severity of sleep apnea. (thaindian.com)
  • Sleep apnea causes daytime sleepiness and has been linked to higher incidences of stroke, heart disease, and even weight gain. (amazonaws.com)
  • Those suffering from severe obstructive sleep apnea typically complain of sleepiness, irritability, forgetfulness, and difficulty in concentrating. (infoplease.com)
  • Daytime sleepiness leads to a higher risk of motor vehicle accidents in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Despite the fact that fragmented nighttime sleep leads to chronic fatigue, daytime sleepiness is one of the most ignored signs of sleep apnea. (aarp.org)
  • Many sleep specialists define sleep apnea as having five or more episodes of decreased breathing per hour in association with daytime sleepiness. (healthy.net)
  • The primary symptoms associated with sleep apnea are snoring and daytime sleepiness. (healthy.net)
  • There are other problems that occur besides the daytime sleepiness in sleep apnea. (healthy.net)
  • Symptoms that suggest sleep apnea are snoring, being overweight, hypertension, daytime sleepiness, periods where breathing stops at night, and frequent auto accidents. (healthy.net)
  • Sleepiness during the day may be due to numerous factors in addition to sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Sleepiness and lack of concentration are one of the many negative side effects of sleep apnea, and these can make a person more likely to be involved in a car accident, and six times more likely to die from this incident. (mercola.com)
  • In my practice I use the Epworth Sleepiness Score , which indicates the severity of daytime sleepiness, and the** Berlin Question**, which predicts the likelihood of sleep apnea. (healthcentral.com)
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Overweight U.S. pilots and air traffic controllers will soon need to be screened for sleep apnea, a condition that can cause daytime sleepiness and potentially jeopardize passenger safety, according to a new federal policy. (yahoo.com)
  • Sleep apnea causes daytime sleepiness and can kill people with the condition. (upi.com)
  • The first symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea often include snoring, sleepiness during day, lack of concentration, sexual dysfunction, night sweats, headache in the morning, and restlessness in bed. (newsmax.com)
  • This stopping of air flow leads to snoring, disturbed sleep, sleepiness during day time, lack of concentration, and sexual dysfunction in those with obstructive sleep apnea. (newsmax.com)
  • Individuals with sleep apnea may go for years or even decades without a proper diagnosis and may become so conditioned to the symptoms of fatigue and sleepiness that they have no idea that there is a problem. (hubpages.com)
  • Some of the more common symptoms of sleep apnea that may be more noticeable to others include restless sleep, loud snoring and sleepiness during the day. (hubpages.com)
  • Because its main symptoms snoring and daytime sleepiness are often unrecognized or overlooked, people can suffer for years with sleep apnea. (health.com)
  • If it's not treated, sleep apnea can lead to daytime sleepiness, and reduced cognitive function. (lung.ca)
  • Sleep studies also can help doctors diagnose central sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. (kidshealth.org)
  • When people think of sleep apnea, they picture an obese male who snores, but this stereotype falls apart with age," says Reena Mehra, M.D., a sleep specialist and the director of Sleep Disorders Research at the Cleveland Clinic. (aarp.org)
  • In its 1993 Wake Up America report to the Congress, the National Commission on Sleep Disorders estimated that about 20 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea. (mendosa.com)
  • Rutgers researchers have developed a tool to help neurologists screen for obstructive sleep apnea in people with epilepsy whose seizures can be magnified by sleep disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • Sleep studies got their impetus from Drs. Dement and Guillemenault in California, both psychiatrists, who developed the techniques and began pointing out the high prevalence of sleep disorders, and in particular demonstrated the medical risks of sleep apnea, including not only sudden death, but also exacerbations of cardiac and pulmonary disease. (scienceblogs.com)
  • However at night, the muscles become relaxed, and for some can lead to disruptive sleep disorders such as Sleep Apnea or Obstructive Sleep Apnea. (healthcentral.com)
  • An Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at Keck-University of Southern California School of Medicine, and Qualified Medical Examiner for the State of California Department of Industrial Relations, his areas include asthma, COPD, sleep disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, and occupational lung diseases. (healthcentral.com)
  • The broad term 'SDB' also encompasses non-obstructive causes of sleep-related breathing disorders, such as sleep-related hypoventilation disorders and central sleep apnea syndromes. (uptodate.com)
  • Newswise - People who suffer from breathing disorders such as sleep apnea are usually at higher risk for cardiovascular disease. (newswise.com)
  • If enlarged tonsils or adenoids are thought to be causing the apnea, the doctor will refer your child to an ear, nose, and throat doctor (ENT). (kidshealth.org)
  • When big tonsils cause sleep apnea, doctors will refer families to an ear, nose, and throat doctor (ENT). (kidshealth.org)
  • Enlarged tonsils and adenoids, deviated septum or enlarged uvula are all risks of worsening sleep apnea. (healthcentral.com)
  • In fact, sleep apnea is most common between the ages of 3 and 6, when tonsils and adenoids are at their largest in comparison to child-size airways. (babycenter.com)
  • In 90 percent of cases, removing the tonsils and/or adenoids takes care of sleep apnea in children. (babycenter.com)
  • For children who have large tonsils and adenoids, surgical removal of these tissues may effectively treat their sleep apnea. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Some of the other factors that increase one's risk for sleep apnea include having large tonsils and/or a large tongue, sinus issues such as allergies or having a deviated septum, and family history. (hubpages.com)
  • Children are at higher risk of sleep apnea if they have large adenoids and tonsils. (lung.ca)
  • [5] For a diagnosis of sleep apnea, more than five episodes per hour must occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the three years before their diagnosis, the sleep apnea patients were nearly five times more likely to have serious car crashes than were other drivers. (webmd.com)
  • Diagnosis: Email Apnea? (oreilly.com)
  • If the diagnosis is sleep apnea, Schulman points to several treatment options. (cnn.com)
  • Paul Surratt, left, talks with Dr. David Schulman about his diagnosis of sleep apnea. (cnn.com)
  • Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (slideshare.net)
  • Multiple sleep latency testing (MSLT) following overnight polysomnography is necessary to confirm a diagnosis of narcolepsy and differentiate this from obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • currently is in the process of examining the question of whether to pay for in-home testing for the diagnosis of sleep apnea . (scienceblogs.com)
  • Typically, a person with obstructive sleep apnea needs two sleep studies: one to establish the diagnosis, another to initiate and assess the effectiveness of treatment. (scienceblogs.com)
  • So it's not prudent to make a diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and treat it, solely based on an abnormal sleep study. (healthcentral.com)
  • I completed my 1st sleep study with a mild obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis. (obesityhelp.com)
  • The diagnosis of sleep apnea is relatively straightforward. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • It records fewer body functions than PSG, including airflow, breathing effort, blood oxygen levels and snoring to confirm a diagnosis of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The formal diagnosis of sleep apnea in my case was made following a formal sleep study. (hubpages.com)
  • From the clinical and therapeutic perspectives, the presence of resistant hypertension and the absence of a nocturnal decrease in blood pressure in obese individuals should prompt the clinician to consider the diagnosis of OSA, especially if clinical symptoms suggestive of OSA (such as poor sleep quality, witnessed apnea, excessive daytime somnolence, and so forth) are also present. (nih.gov)
  • Treatments for obstructive sleep apnea are available. (mayoclinic.org)
  • These surgeries often are effective treatments for obstructive sleep apnea. (kidshealth.org)
  • Thankfully, there are excellent treatments for obstructive sleep apnea. (lung.ca)
  • Symptoms of central sleep apnea include cessation of breathing during sleep, often causing frequent awakenings and complaints of insomnia. (encyclopedia.com)
  • People with central sleep apnea more often report recurrent awakenings or insomnia , although they may also experience a choking or gasping sensation upon awakening. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • We examined a small cohort of survivors of acute respiratory failure to understand modifiable contributors to insomnia, including sleep apnea. (redorbit.com)
  • According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 18 million people in the United States suffer from sleep apnea with fewer than 50% properly diagnosed. (amazonaws.com)
  • Based on a 1995 study, elderly African Americans are more than twice as likely as elderly whites to suffer from sleep apnea. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 22 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea, with 80 percent of the cases of moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea undiagnosed. (slideshare.net)
  • Dr. Wayne Suway offers a service to Georgia residents in efforts to help those who suffer from sleep apnea. (prweb.com)
  • One study concluded that adults who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea are three times more likely to also have diabetes. (mendosa.com)
  • Researchers found that people who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea - a condition where breathing stops and starts during sleep - are also likely to have a lower peak oxygen uptake during aerobic activity. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People who suffer from sleep apnea may also feel sleepy during the day because due to frequent interruption, night-time sleep is not sufficiently restorative. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People who suffer from severe sleep apnea have an increased risk of silent strokes, a small new study suggests. (livescience.com)
  • More than 18 million American adults suffer from sleep apnea, according to the National Sleep Foundation. (livescience.com)
  • New research published in The Journal of Physiology has indicated why people with paralysis of their limbs and torso are more likely to suffer from sleep apnoea. (news-medical.net)
  • Did you know that at least 12 million Americans suffer from obstructive sleep apnea? (newsmax.com)
  • If you or your significant other suffer from sleep apnea or loud and frequent snoring, visit a sleep physician to get tested for sleep apnea, and then go to www.LocalSleepDentist.com to find a dentist locally who offers oral appliance therapy. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Do any of you or your friends or relations suffer from sleep apnea? (issuu.com)
  • About half of all of us who have diabetes also suffer from sleep apnea. (mendosa.com)
  • While not all of us who have diabetes suffer from it, everyone with sleep apnea suffers. (mendosa.com)
  • It is more likely to happen to the elderly and to men, but it is not uncommon for women and children to suffer sleep apnea. (hubpages.com)
  • A lot of people snore, and the fact is that not every snorer has sleep apnea. (nytimes.com)
  • But most people who have sleep apnea do snore. (nytimes.com)
  • But if you snore loudly every night then the likelihood of it being sleep apnea is much greater. (nytimes.com)
  • People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most people with obstructive sleep apnea tend to be obese and snore loudly. (infoplease.com)
  • People with central sleep apnea seldom snore. (slideshare.net)
  • Sleep apnea can cause you to snore loudly. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • If you snore loudly and feel tired during the day after a full night's sleep, you may have sleep apnea. (memorialhermann.org)
  • 1 to 3 percent of children have sleep apnea, while 7 to 12 percent of children snore, according to Gary E. Freed, D.O., professor of pediatrics and director of the Pediatric Sleep Laboratory at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. (babycenter.com)
  • If sleep apnea is diagnosed, then appropriate treatment would depend on whether you have been diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe sleep apnea. (amazonaws.com)
  • We found that you still have the same increased risk even if you have mild sleep apnea," Mulgrew says. (webmd.com)
  • Certain dental devices can be used to treat mild cases of obstructive sleep apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • When obstructive sleep apnea is mild, doctors might check a child's sleep for a while to see if symptoms improve before deciding on treatment. (kidshealth.org)
  • Eventually, 15 men and women with moderate to severe apnea and 19 with mild or no apnea (the controls) took part in the CPET aerobic fitness assessment. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Hello im a 17 old male im about 5'7 250lbs, ive recently been diagnosed with sleep apnea i have a mild case, thats only going to get worse as i get older, the first few months on my BIPAP machine were wonderful i didnt feel energetic but i didnt feel tired i felt normal. (medhelp.org)
  • Firstly, I am surprised you are being prescribed a BiPAP for mild sleep apnea. (medhelp.org)
  • Generally mild forms of sleep apnea are managed conservatively, with weight reduction, sleep hygiene, etc. (medhelp.org)
  • Glad your apnea is only mild and your taking care of it. (obesityhelp.com)
  • Stopping breathing 5 to 14 times an hour is mild sleep apnea, 15 to 29 times an hour is moderate, and 30 or more times an hour is severe. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • If you have mild sleep apnea, a custom-fit mouthpiece from a specialty dentist may help. (rush.edu)
  • It stopped my mild case sleep apnea and I feel much better in the mornings. (hubpages.com)
  • Men with moderate to severe sleep apnea were nearly three times more likely to have a stroke than men without sleep apnea or with mild sleep apnea. (thaindian.com)
  • In men, a progressive increase in stroke risk was observed as sleep apnea severity increased from mild levels to moderate to severe levels. (thaindian.com)
  • Importantly, we found that increased stroke risk in men occurs even with relatively mild levels of sleep apnea. (thaindian.com)
  • Most children with sleep apnea have mild symptoms that they simply outgrow. (babycenter.com)
  • Oral appliances are silent, easy to travel with and proven effective, especially for patients with mild to moderate sleep apnea. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Dental devices may be more effective for mild or moderate apnea. (nationaljewish.org)
  • During obstructive sleep apnea, airflow disappeared, but abdominal and chest movements remained partially (Figure 27). (google.com)
  • 3. Sleep Apnea is defined as the stopping of airflow during sleep and preventing air from entering the lungs caused by an obstruction. (slideshare.net)
  • On the basis of respiratory effort and airflow, apnea may be classified as central (cessation of breathing effort), obstructive (airflow obstruction usually at the pharyngeal level), or mixed. (aappublications.org)
  • Apnea is defined by the cessation of respiratory airflow. (medscape.com)
  • Also, those who have apnea are often woken up by the body's response to overcome airflow restriction, known as** Respiratory Effort Related Arousals** (RERA's) . (healthcentral.com)
  • OSA is defined as periodic episodes of nocturnal airflow restriction (hypopneas) or obstruction (apneas) in association with sleep disruption, arousals from sleep, oxygen desaturation, and possible hypercapnia [ 4 ]. (uptodate.com)
  • The syndrome of sleep apnea is subdivided into two types: central and obstructive. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A distinctive form of obstructive sleep apnea is known as the Pickwickian syndrome, named after the protagonist in Charles Dickens ' Pickwick Papers . (encyclopedia.com)
  • de Lima FF, Mazzotti DR, Tufik S, Bittencourt L. The role inflammatory response genes in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a review. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux may result in nocturnal restlessness, choking episodes during sleep, frequent awakenings, and labored breathing that resemble symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • As many people with OSA experience episodes of both apnoea and hypopnoea, doctors sometimes refer to the condition as obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome, or OSAHS. (www.nhs.uk)
  • To ascertain the prevalence of and risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). (aappublications.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) prevalence in children with sickle cell anemia is not well described. (aappublications.org)
  • Over half of children with Down syndrome will develop obstructive sleep apnea. (babycenter.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (also called OSA or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome) means you have short pauses in your breathing when you sleep. (lung.ca)
  • The combination of both apnea events (pauses in breathing) and hyponea events (partly blocked breathing) is called obstructive sleep apnea-hyponea syndrome (OSAHS). (lung.ca)
  • Sleep apnea causes repeated pauses in breathing throughout the night. (aarp.org)
  • In sleep apnea, it's common for pauses in breathing to be followed by gasping, choking or snorting. (aarp.org)
  • These breathing pauses - called apneas or apnea events - last for 10 to 30 seconds, maybe longer. (lung.ca)
  • If you're snoring loudly, chronically and keeping your partner awake, it could be a sign of sleep apnea, and you should talk to your doctor. (aarp.org)
  • If you're spending seven to nine hours in bed a night and still feel sleepy during the day, it could be a sign of sleep apnea. (aarp.org)
  • While nocturia could be linked to aging, it's also a classic sign of sleep apnea (the fight-or-flight response triggers a feeling of fullness in the bladder, according to Twery). (aarp.org)
  • Chronic snoring is the most common sign of sleep apnea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The most common sign of sleep apnea is very loud snoring. (rush.edu)
  • Combined with any of the above symptoms, repeated night-wakings can be a sign of sleep apnea. (babycenter.com)
  • If your child snores regularly, is a restless sleeper, is very sleepy during the day, or has other signs of sleep apnea, talk to your doctor. (kidshealth.org)
  • If you have signs of sleep apnea, talk to your primary care doctor. (rush.edu)
  • These researchers say patients who undergo surgery to treat obstructive sleep apnea should be closely monitored, but do not necessarily need to be admitted to the intensive care unit. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Although studies haven't shown a cause-and-effect link between sleep apnea and type 2 diabetes , not getting enough shut-eye can keep your body from using insulin properly, which leads to diabetes. (webmd.com)
  • The findings add to research suggesting a link between sleep apnea and diabetes. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • They also report for the first time a link between sleep apnea and increased risk of stroke in women. (thaindian.com)
  • [15] There is increasing evidence that sleep apnea may lead to liver function impairment, particularly fatty liver diseases (see steatosis ). (wikipedia.org)
  • But he said the results provide more evidence that sleep apnea isn't just a manifestation of diabetes and cardiovascular disease, it can make these conditions worse. (upi.com)
  • There is also mounting evidence that sleep apnea can cause impairment to one's liver function. (hubpages.com)
  • Decreased oxygen level in the blood during the apneas may cause decreased alertness and other symptoms, while disturbance of the sleep pattern at night may cause daytime drowsiness. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Daytime somnolence is a common complaint among individuals with obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • However, keep in mind that not all children with excessive daytime somnolence have obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • A history of episodic sleep-onset paralysis, hypnagogic (sleep-onset) hallucinations, or daytime memory lapses with automatic behaviors may help differentiate between narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • If you think your child might have sleep apnea, look to his daytime behavior for more clues. (babycenter.com)
  • In addition to daytime fatigue, sleep apnea can also lead to vision problems, impaired alertness, low blood oxygen, and slower reaction times, all of which can be dangerous especially when getting behind the wheel of a car. (hubpages.com)
  • You are more at risk for sleep apnea if you are overweight, male, or have a family history or small airways. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Men, people who are overweight, and people who are older than 40 years of age are more likely to have sleep apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • Risk factors include overweight, abnormalities in the structure of the nose or throat and a family history of apnea. (cnn.com)
  • If you're a 65-year old overweight man who snores, and your wife reports you sometimes stop breathing and gasp for air at night, then you have a high likelihood of having obstructive sleep apnea. (aarp.org)
  • Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of fifty and those who are overweight. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • According to a study performed by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, more than 50 percent of those with obstructive sleep apnea are actually obese or overweight. (newsmax.com)
  • People who are overweight are more likely to develop sleep apnea. (nationaljewish.org)
  • A noticeable sign of obstructive sleep apnea is snoring. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Many people may not think of snoring as a sign of something potentially serious, and not everyone who snores has obstructive sleep apnea. (mayoclinic.org)
  • With obstructive sleep apnea, snoring usually is loudest when you sleep on your back, and it quiets when you turn on your side. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Some doctors call the snoring associated with sleep apnea "destructive snoring" because of its ear-rattling noisiness. (nytimes.com)
  • Did you know that many dentists are trained to help treat and manage your snoring and sleep apnea? (aadsm.org)
  • Dental sleep medicine is an area of dental practice that focuses on the use of oral appliance therapy to treat sleep-disordered breathing, including snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (aadsm.org)
  • The American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine (AADSM) is a professional society for dentists who help patients control snoring and obstructive sleep apnea through the use of oral appliance therapy. (aadsm.org)
  • Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea disrupt your sleep and increase your risk of severe health problems. (aadsm.org)
  • Across the country, many dentists are prepared to provide oral appliance therapy to treat snoring and obstructive sleep apnea . (aadsm.org)
  • Snoring is a common warning sign for obstructive sleep apnea. (aadsm.org)
  • If you have snoring without sleep apnea, your doctor can give you a prescription for an oral sleep appliance. (aadsm.org)
  • Dentists pioneered the use of oral appliance therapy for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring in adults. (aadsm.org)
  • Oral appliance therapy is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and snoring. (aadsm.org)
  • Read more about oral appliance therapy for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea . (aadsm.org)
  • Training in how to provide oral appliance therapy is uncommon in dental schools, so not all dentists have the training or experience to provide optimal care for adults with snoring or sleep apnea. (aadsm.org)
  • Ramar K, Dort LC, Katz SG, Lettieri CJ, Harrod CG, Thomas SM, Chervin RD. Clinical practice guideline for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring with oral appliance therapy: an update for 2015 . (aadsm.org)
  • Since a common symptom of sleep apnea is snoring loudly, it's often perceived as a disease that can affect obese men only. (amazonaws.com)
  • Soon after falling asleep, the patient with obstructive sleep apnea typically begins snoring heavily. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The snoring continues for some time and may become louder before the apnea, during which breathing stops for 10 - 60 seconds. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A loud snort or gasp ends the apnea, followed by more snoring in a recurrent pattern. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea may experience interrupted sleep with frequent awakenings and loud snoring. (medlineplus.gov)
  • We all know that sleep apnea, not unlike a partner snoring in bed beside you, can easily disrupt a good night's rest. (aarp.org)
  • Symptoms of sleep apnea may include snoring, mouth-breathing when asleep, frequent awakening during the night and restless sleep (tossing and turning). (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) must be differentiated from simple snoring, which is a vibratory inspiratory noise that is usually not accompanied by oxygen desaturation, hypercapnia, or sleep disruption. (medscape.com)
  • Overnight polysomnography can be performed to differentiate pronounced snoring from true obstructive sleep apnea in the pediatric age group. (medscape.com)
  • We've shared how sleep apnea develops, but here's how doctors tell if you do have apnea, or just simple snoring. (healthcentral.com)
  • If you are thinking what could be the relation between dentistry and Sleep Apnea, then i should tell you that sleep apnea dentistry refers to the branch of dentistry committed in treating the Sleep Apnea and snoring with oral appliances. (hubpages.com)
  • Sleep Apnea - Symptoms, Treatment, Causes, and Cures Most of us don't think of snoring as something to be overly concerned about-unless our bed partner is disrupting our sleep! (psychnet-uk.com)
  • This could occur many times at night and affect oxygen supply to vital parts that make obstructive sleep apnea a condition for which there are cures and machines to stop breath cessation and snoring. (newsmax.com)
  • Cures for snoring and for symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea should begin with stopping the obstruction of air passages in the respiratory tract. (newsmax.com)
  • For some people with obstructive sleep apnea, the underlying cause is their sinus problem that could cause snoring and disturbed sleep when they lie on their back. (newsmax.com)
  • Propping up cushions and pillows and sleeping sideways could help stop snoring and prevent obstructive sleep apnea in such people. (newsmax.com)
  • Taking nasal drops is also one of the effective cures to stop snoring and prevent obstructive sleep apnea in those with sinus problems. (newsmax.com)
  • This cures the underlying problem of obstruction to the air passage that causes snoring and other symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea. (newsmax.com)
  • Smoking is just generally bad for anyone, but for those with sleep apnea with air passages already sore from snoring and gasping for air, smoking just adds another irritant to increase the poor condition of throat and mouth. (healthcentral.com)
  • Likewise, it's possible to have sleep apnea without snoring. (babycenter.com)
  • Medical experts are warning parents that if you hear your young son or daughter snoring, it could potentially be a sign that the child is suffering from sleep apnea . (go.com)
  • Symptoms of sleep apnea in children include snoring, hyperactivity, trouble focusing in school, depression or anger and even bed wetting. (go.com)
  • There is little scientific evidence that various nasal sprays and nasal strips that are sold to limit snoring have any significant effect on obstructive sleep apnea when used by themselves. (nationaljewish.org)
  • Head injuries and other conditions that affect the brain increase the risk for this type of apnea, which mostly affects older adults. (kidshealth.org)
  • 2. Orthodontics - Current Principles and Techniques - Graber 5th edition - 2011 Just as allergic disease significantly affects quality of life, obstructive sleep apnea, if it is untreated, may affect adversely the ability of adults and children to function adequately at work and at school. (slideshare.net)
  • Although some specialists estimate that OSA is present in only 3 percent of the adult population, a recent study of all patients in five general medicine doctors' offices suggested that approximately 17 percent of adults had clinically significant sleep apnea (defined as having at least fifteen episodes an hour of non-breathing during sleep). (healthy.net)
  • About 40% of adults with epilepsy also have sleep apnea, and in about 16% the condition is moderate to severe. (medscape.com)
  • More than 25 million adults in the US have sleep apnea, or obstructive sleep apnea - a condition whereby breathing stops briefly and repeatedly during sleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sleep apnea can affect both children and adults, and it actually manifests in more than half of all elderly men and over a quarter of women. (mercola.com)
  • Statistics show that OSA affects 6 percent of adults and 2 percent of children, meaning 18 million Americans have this type of sleep apnea. (mercola.com)
  • According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 26 percent of adults ages 30 to 70 have sleep apnea. (news-medical.net)
  • It's not a problem restricted to adults," Butts added of sleep apnea. (go.com)
  • Recently, an implantable device has been approved for treatment of sleep apnea in those adults intolerant to PAP therapy. (nationaljewish.org)
  • While more prevalent in adults, sleep apnea can also affect children as well. (hubpages.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles that support the soft tissues in your throat, such as your tongue and soft palate, temporarily relax. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relax too much to allow normal breathing. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Because sleep apnea occurs when you're unconscious, millions of people who have it are not even aware of it. (nytimes.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea often occurs on its own, without signs and symptoms affecting other parts of the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common form and occurs when breathing repeatedly stops and starts during a sleep cycle. (prweb.com)
  • Central sleep apnea occurs when the brain fails to send the correct signals to the breathing muscles. (memorialhermann.org)
  • Occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. (memorialhermann.org)
  • Sleep apnea occurs in about 25 percent of men and nearly 10 percent of women. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Central sleep apnea occurs when the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, according to the ASAA. (go.com)
  • Central sleep apnea occurs when the neurological signals for breathing malfunction and fail to signal the body to inhale. (hubpages.com)
  • But when breathing stops often or for longer periods, it's called sleep apnea. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sleep apnea happens when a person stops breathing during sleep. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sleep apnea, or sleep-disordered breathing, is a condition in which breathing is briefly interrupted or even stops episodically during sleep. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Because repeated arousal or even full awakening when breathing stops disturbs sleep, individuals suffering from sleep apnea are often drowsy during the day. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing during the night, until the body's survival instinct kicks in and you suddenly gasp for air. (msn.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea - or more commonly just sleep apnea - is a condition where breathing starts and stops during sleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Using the data from the sleep evaluation together with the CPET results, the researchers also found a link between the severity of apnea - as measured by the number of times breathing stops for 10 seconds or more per hour of sleep - and reduced peak VO2. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • How long a person with obstructive sleep apnea stops breathing may be a better predictor of mortality risk from OSA than the number of times they stop breathing, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (news-medical.net)
  • If the pharynx collapses, and a person stops breathing for 10 seconds, it's considered apnea . (healthcentral.com)
  • Sleep apnea is breathing that stops during sleep. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea stops you from having the restful sleep you need to stay healthy. (lung.ca)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea stops you from breathing normally at night. (lung.ca)
  • Nine out of 10 people who have sleep apnea have this type of apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • If you have this type of apnea, the muscles you use to breathe don't get the "go-ahead" signal from your brain. (familydoctor.org)
  • Some patients had clinically significant sleep apnea despite lack of sleep complaints. (redorbit.com)
  • In general, nasal surgery alone is insufficient to treat significant sleep apnea. (nationaljewish.org)
  • The suits come after apnea-suffering engineers were linked to two major train crashes - the 2016 Hoboken collision that killed one person and the 2017 Long Island Rail Road wreck in Brooklyn, which injured more than 100 people. (nypost.com)
  • THURSDAY, Sept. 7, 2017 -- People who leave their sleep apnea untreated for just a short time may face a higher risk of spikes in blood sugar levels, stress hormones and blood pressure, a new study finds. (upi.com)
  • People with obstructive sleep apnea may not be aware that their sleep was interrupted. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Some people who have sleep apnea only learn about it from their partners. (nytimes.com)
  • More than half of all people with severe sleep apnea have hypertension. (nytimes.com)
  • And in people with resistant hypertension, meaning their blood pressure remains high despite multiple medications, the prevalence of sleep apnea is greater than 80 percent. (nytimes.com)
  • [1] People with sleep apnea may not be aware they have it. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] [3] Central sleep apnea affects less than 1% of people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep apnea can affect people regardless of sex, race, or age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Smokers have sleep apnea at three times the rate of people who have never smoked. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with sleep apnea are at higher risk for car crashes, work-related accidents, and other medical problems. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Lifestyle changes, mouthpieces, surgery, and breathing devices can treat sleep apnea in many people. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It's more common in older people, but kids and teens can have sleep apnea too. (kidshealth.org)
  • You might think that only older people have sleep apnea, but kids and teens can develop it, too. (kidshealth.org)
  • Alan Mulgrew, MD, and colleagues at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver compared the claims and accident records of 800 patients with confirmed sleep apnea with those of 800 people who did not have sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • Sleep apnea is more common among obese people. (webmd.com)
  • People who have sleep apnea stop breathing for 10 to 30 seconds at a time while they are sleeping. (familydoctor.org)
  • It helps most people who have sleep apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • Some people with high BP who get help for sleep apnea will see their blood pressure improve. (webmd.com)
  • Sleep apnea is common among people with this condition -- 80% or more of them may have OSA. (webmd.com)
  • Science hasn't proven a link to OSA, but people who get sleep apnea treatment may find they have fewer asthma attacks . (webmd.com)
  • There's no proof that sleep apnea causes this kind of heartburn , but many people say it's a problem. (webmd.com)
  • Treating reflux seems to improve apnea symptoms for some people, and treating OSA helps symptoms of reflux, sleep doctors say. (webmd.com)
  • People with sleep apnea are up to five times more likely than normal sleepers to have traffic accidents. (webmd.com)
  • The National Institutes of Health estimate more than 12 million people in the United States have obstructive sleep apnea. (cnn.com)
  • Sleeping is anything but restful for people with sleep apnea - in fact, it poses serious health risks for more than 18 million Americans. (aarp.org)
  • That's the number of people who doctors believe are living with sleep apnea, and many of them may be undiagnosed. (aarp.org)
  • People with untreated sleep apnea are still tired even after a full night's rest. (aarp.org)
  • People who have small airways in their noses, throats, or mouths are more likely to have sleep apnea. (slideshare.net)
  • Another study found that about one in four people with diabetes and neuropathy also have sleep apnea. (mendosa.com)
  • More than 70% of people with sleep apnea experience symptoms of depression, according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • But the team found patients with sleep apnea had reduced aerobic fitness even when compared with people of similar body mass index. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • People with sleep apnea struggle to remember details of memories from their own lives, potentially making them vulnerable to depression, new research has shown. (news-medical.net)
  • People with OSA may experience repeated episodes of apnoea and hypopnoea throughout the night. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Kepplinger and colleagues found that more than one-third of people with white lesions had severe sleep apnea, and more than half who had a silent stroke had sleep apnea. (livescience.com)
  • People with sleep apnea may have an increased risk of silent stroke. (livescience.com)
  • A new study shows that people with sleep apnea show significant changes in the levels of two important brain chemicals. (psychcentral.com)
  • They found that people with sleep apnea had decreased levels of GABA and unusually high levels of glutamate. (psychcentral.com)
  • The findings, published in the European Respiratory Journal , included 5,294 people without diabetes who were part of the European Sleep Apnoea Cohort. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Specifically, the people in the study with the least severe sleep apnea also had the lowest HbA1c levels, while people with the most severe sleep apnea had the highest HbA1c levels. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • People with sleep apnea often have sleep problems and are tired during the day. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • People who have sleep apnea will stop breathing repeatedly throughout their sleep cycle. (memorialhermann.org)
  • People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times during the night. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • People with sleep apnea partially awaken as they struggle to breathe, but in the morning they may not be aware of sleep disturbances. (dailystrength.org)
  • Most of what I've read and been told by the people at the sleep clinic, is that people who have sleep apnea don't go into REM sleep and don't dream. (dailystrength.org)
  • For over 15 million people world-wide experiences the symptoms of Sleep Apnea. (hubpages.com)
  • People with sleep apnea may soon find relief in a natural substance typically used as an aphrodisiac. (medicaldaily.com)
  • In a university news release, Jun said because only obese patients were observed in this study, findings may not apply to all people with sleep apnea, and further studies are needed. (upi.com)
  • Previous research suggests that people with obstructive sleep apnea have greater activity in nerves associated with stress response, which can lead to high blood pressure and heart problems. (medicinenet.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that affects many people around the world and is often diagnosed by repeated snores at night and difficulty in getting sound sleep. (newsmax.com)
  • Most people know that sleep apnea is a leading cause of death from heart attacks and strokes. (healthcentral.com)
  • However recent research has revealed that sleep apnea is a leading cause of death from many causes, even in people judged to be healthy. (healthcentral.com)
  • It's also been noted that people with large necks, especially if they are obese, are also more likely to be at risk for sleep apnea. (healthcentral.com)
  • Natural News) People with obstructive sleep apnea are more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease. (naturalnews.com)
  • People with obstructive sleep apnea can stop breathing dozens or hundreds of times each night leading to sleep disruption and low levels of oxygen. (lung.ca)
  • People with untreated obstructive sleep apnea have an increased risk of motor vehicle crashes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and early death. (lung.ca)
  • Most people have dozens or hundreds of sleep apnea events a night. (lung.ca)
  • At the beginning of 2014, Arjona explained to People en Espanol that he couldn't find another perfect word to describe his past and reminiscing about his memories "Apnea" was the best word to fulfill his journey (Viaje). (wikipedia.org)
  • Apnea of prematurity usually ends on its own after a few weeks. (kidshealth.org)
  • What Happens in Apnea of Prematurity? (kidshealth.org)
  • Apnea of prematurity is fairly common in preemies. (kidshealth.org)
  • How Is Apnea of Prematurity Treated? (kidshealth.org)
  • Most premature infants (especially those less than 34 weeks' gestation at birth) will get medical care for apnea of prematurity in the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) . (kidshealth.org)
  • Apnea of prematurity is one of the most common diagnoses in the NICU. (aappublications.org)
  • Despite the frequency of apnea of prematurity, it is unknown whether recurrent apnea, bradycardia, and hypoxemia in preterm infants are harmful. (aappublications.org)
  • Research into the development of respiratory control in immature animals and preterm infants has facilitated our understanding of the pathogenesis and treatment of apnea of prematurity. (aappublications.org)
  • The purpose of this clinical report is to review the evidence basis for the definition, epidemiology, and treatment of apnea of prematurity as well as discharge recommendations for preterm infants diagnosed with recurrent apneic events. (aappublications.org)
  • Apnea of prematurity requires a specific assessment and treatment and is not discussed in full in this article. (medscape.com)
  • Methylxanthines reduce the frequency of apnea of prematurity and the need for mechanical ventilation during the first seven days of therapy. (nih.gov)
  • We randomly assigned 2006 infants with birth weights of 500 to 1250 g during the first 10 days of life to receive either caffeine or placebo, until drug therapy for apnea of prematurity was no longer needed. (nih.gov)
  • Caffeine therapy for apnea of prematurity reduces the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in infants with very low birth weight. (nih.gov)
  • Central sleep apnea, in which the brain does not properly signal respiratory muscles to begin breathing, is much less common than obstructive sleep apnea. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The present invention relates to apparatus for monitoring the respiratory condition of a subject, and particularly for detecting the occurrence of apnea. (google.com)
  • 8 Infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia may have delayed maturation of respiratory control, which can prolong apnea for as long as 2 to 4 weeks beyond term PMA. (aappublications.org)
  • Infant apnea is defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics as "an unexplained episode of cessation of breathing for 20 seconds or longer, or a shorter respiratory pause associated with bradycardia, cyanosis, pallor, and/or marked hypotonia. (medscape.com)
  • A new guideline focused on the role of weight management in treating adult obstructive sleep apnea has been published online by the American Thoracic Society in the Sept. 15 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (news-medical.net)
  • Sleep apnea can put surgical patients at high risk for respiratory complications during and after surgery. (latimes.com)
  • Clinically important sleep apnea is common among survivors of acute respiratory failure, according to a new study presented at the 2014 American Thoracic Society International Conference. (redorbit.com)
  • Sleep-disordered breathing was assessed with the Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) and the Respiratory Distress Index (RDI). (redorbit.com)
  • The Respiratory Distress Index (RDI) measures the average number of respiratory disturbances per hour (apneas, hypopneas, and milder events called respiratory effort-related arousals). (redorbit.com)
  • Our results suggest that sleep apnea is common after acute respiratory failure, with central-acting medications serving as one potential contributor. (redorbit.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition that is caused due to obstructed air passages in the upper part of the respiratory system that causes momentary or temporary cessation of breathing. (newsmax.com)
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea and Incident Stroke: The Sleep Heart Health Study, was published online March 25 ahead of print in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (thaindian.com)
  • Patients with sleep apnea are typically characterized by an apnea-hypopnea index or respiratory disturbance index, which is the average number of apneas plus hypopneas per hour of sleep. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In central sleep apnea one's breathing is characterized by a lack of respiratory effort. (hubpages.com)
  • Older Americans are often at a high risk for obstructive sleep apnea, yet this illness remains vastly underdiagnosed, a new study finds. (news-medical.net)
  • There are two kinds of sleep apnea: obstructive apnea and central apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • My son is 12 weeks old and he has achondroplasia,he was born with large head and short limbs.when he was 9 days old he had repeated attacks of central apnea and cyanosis,the condition has been repeated every 7-9 days,what shall i do i don't know?will the condition regress when he grows up or is it serious and leads to death? (medhelp.org)
  • some medications like Parlodel gained success in the past for their ability of fighting central apnea, but to which degree this could act positively on your child. (medhelp.org)
  • Sleep Apnea is a term used to describe periods of sleep where breathing is either not occurring (central apnea) or the flow of air is blocked (obstructive apnea). (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Central apnea is a result of inadequate medullary responsiveness and thus results in no or poor muscle coordination for breathing. (medscape.com)
  • Central apnea is named as such because it is related to the function of the central nervous system. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • But less than 5 events of hypopnea and apnea together is considered normal on the Apnea Hypopnea Index. (healthcentral.com)
  • Sleep apnea sufferers may complain of morning headaches. (aarp.org)
  • One explanation might be that apnea sufferers are also more likely to be obese, and would be expected to be less fit anyway. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A sleep expert says apnea isn't really a "disability," and sufferers can do demanding jobs if they get treatment. (nypost.com)
  • Now anesthesiology researchers have developed a scoring system, published in the May journal Anesthesiology, to quickly identify obstructive sleep apnea sufferers before surgery. (latimes.com)
  • When someone has sleep apnea, oxygen levels in the body may fall and sleep can be disrupted. (kidshealth.org)
  • Less commonly, sleep apnea can happen when someone doesn't get enough oxygen during sleep because the brain doesn't send signals to the muscles that control breathing. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sleep apnea disrupts how your body takes in oxygen, which makes it hard for your brain to control how blood flows in your arteries and the brain itself. (webmd.com)
  • Complete closure can lead to apnea while partial closure allows breathing but decrease the intake of oxygen (hypopnea). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can make the body's oxygen levels fall and interrupt sleep. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sleep-disordered breathing is characterized by cycles of apnea-induced hypoxia, where the sleeper experiences a temporary drop in oxygen levels. (newswise.com)
  • Earlier studies by the Technion scientists suggest apnea increases oxygen-related stress and inflammation in the heart and blood vessels. (newswise.com)
  • The researchers analyzed the treatment's effect on patients' oxygen levels, sleep apnea symptoms and overall quality of life. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Prolonged apnea leads to severe lack of oxygen in the blood circulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even a few days of failing to treat sleep apnea can cause these levels to go up, researchers found. (upi.com)
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea? (kidshealth.org)
  • There is evidence that the risk of diabetes among those with moderate or severe sleep apnea is higher. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Among the factors contributing to the potential for postoperative otolaryngologic complications in patients with obstructive sleep apnea are their "small mandibles, large tongues, and short, fat necks," according to the authors. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Marcus CL, Lutz J, Carroll JL, Bamford O. Arousal and ventilatory responses during sleep in children with obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)