Common name for several daisy-like plants (MATRICARIA; TRIPLEUROSPERMUM; ANTHEMIS; CHAMAEMELUM) native to Europe and Western Asia, now naturalized in the United States and Australia.
5,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxy-flavone, one of the FLAVONES.
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
A group of 4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain arctiin and onopordopicrin.
A group of FLAVONOLS based on kaempferol. They are derived from naringenin and can be hydroxylated to QUERCETIN or reduced to leucopelargonidin.
A group of FLAVONOIDS characterized with a 4-ketone.
A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.
A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that has been found as a natural infection of the Brazilian guinea pig. Its host-tissue relationship is, in general, comparable to that of L. braziliensis.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is an ingredient of Banxia Houpu (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).
17 beta-Hydroxy-4-androsten-3-ones. Testosterone derivatives formed by the substitution of one or more hydroxyl groups in any position.
A plant species of the family APIACEAE. The stalks are a food source.
A subtype of mitochondrial ADP, ATP translocase found primarily in FIBROBLASTS.
A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced tumors independently of the mechanism involved.
A genus of zygomycetous fungi of the family Cunninghamellaceae, order MUCORALES. Some species cause systemic infections in humans.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used for flavoring food.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
A plant genus of subsucculent annual or perennial plants in the family BALSAMINACEAE, order Geraniales.
An isoflavonoid derived from soy products. It inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE and topoisomerase-II (DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE II); activity and is used as an antineoplastic and antitumor agent. Experimentally, it has been shown to induce G2 PHASE arrest in human and murine cell lines and inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE.
Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. The common names of beebalm or lemonbalm are also used for MONARDA.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
A colorless liquid extracted from oils of plants such as citronella, neroli, cyclamen, and tuberose. It is an intermediate step in the biological synthesis of cholesterol from mevalonic acid in vertebrates. It has a delicate odor and is used in perfumery. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A group of 3-hydroxy-4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.
A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.
Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced mutations independently of the mechanism involved.
A ubiquitous casein kinase that is comprised of two distinct catalytic subunits and dimeric regulatory subunit. Casein kinase II has been shown to phosphorylate a large number of substrates, many of which are proteins involved in the regulation of gene expression.
A tumor necrosis factor receptor subtype with specificity for TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR LIGAND SUPERFAMILY MEMBER 15. It is found in tissues containing LYMPHOCYTES and may play a role in regulating lymphocyte homeostasis and APOPTOSIS. The activated receptor signals via a conserved death domain that associates with specific TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS in the CYTOPLASM.
Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.
Epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo characteristic changes as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin. Successive stages of differentiation of the keratinocytes forming the epidermal layers are basal cell, spinous or prickle cell, and the granular cell.
Methylester of cellulose. Methylcellulose is used as an emulsifying and suspending agent in cosmetics, pharmaceutics and the chemical industry. It is used therapeutically as a bulk laxative.
Mutant strains of mice that produce little or no hair.
The action of a drug in promoting or enhancing the effectiveness of another drug.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
The chemical alteration of an exogenous substance by or in a biological system. The alteration may inactivate the compound or it may result in the production of an active metabolite of an inactive parent compound. The alterations may be divided into METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE I and METABOLIC DETOXICATION, PHASE II.
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.
5,7,4'-trihydroxy-flavone, one of the FLAVONES.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.
The concentration of a compound needed to reduce population growth of organisms, including eukaryotic cells, by 50% in vitro. Though often expressed to denote in vitro antibacterial activity, it is also used as a benchmark for cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cells in culture.
Agents obtained from higher plants that have demonstrable cytostatic or antineoplastic activity.
An inducibly-expressed subtype of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase. It plays an important role in many cellular processes and INFLAMMATION. It is the target of COX2 INHIBITORS.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
A human liver tumor cell line used to study a variety of liver-specific metabolic functions.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
Phenomena and pharmaceutics of compounds that inhibit the function of agonists (DRUG AGONISM) and inverse agonists (DRUG INVERSE AGONISM) for a specific receptor. On their own, antagonists produce no effect by themselves to a receptor, and are said to have neither intrinsic activity nor efficacy.
A subunit of NF-kappa B that is primarily responsible for its transactivation function. It contains a C-terminal transactivation domain and an N-terminal domain with homology to PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-REL.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. They bear the familiar citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruit, lemons, and limes. There are many hybrids which makes the nomenclature confusing.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
A protein-serine-threonine kinase that is activated by PHOSPHORYLATION in response to GROWTH FACTORS or INSULIN. It plays a major role in cell metabolism, growth, and survival as a core component of SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. Three isoforms have been described in mammalian cells.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.
Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.
A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
Organic compounds that contain 1,2-diphenylethylene as a functional group.
Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.
Tumor necrosis factor receptor family members that are widely expressed and play a role in regulation of peripheral immune responses and APOPTOSIS. The receptors are specific for TNF-RELATED APOPTOSIS-INDUCING LIGAND and signal via conserved death domains that associate with specific TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS in the CYTOPLASM.
A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
A protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is closely related in structure to the INSULIN RECEPTOR. Although commonly referred to as the IGF-I receptor, it binds both IGF-I and IGF-II with high affinity. It is comprised of a tetramer of two alpha and two beta subunits which are derived from cleavage of a single precursor protein. The beta subunit contains an intrinsic tyrosine kinase domain.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Any inflammation of the skin.
Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Membrane proteins encoded by the BCL-2 GENES and serving as potent inhibitors of cell death by APOPTOSIS. The proteins are found on mitochondrial, microsomal, and NUCLEAR MEMBRANE sites within many cell types. Overexpression of bcl-2 proteins, due to a translocation of the gene, is associated with follicular lymphoma.
The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.
The period of the CELL CYCLE following DNA synthesis (S PHASE) and preceding M PHASE (cell division phase). The CHROMOSOMES are tetraploid in this point.
Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
A transmembrane-protein belonging to the TNF family of intercellular signaling proteins. It is a widely expressed ligand that activates APOPTOSIS by binding to TNF-RELATED APOPTOSIS-INDUCING LIGAND RECEPTORS. The membrane-bound form of the protein can be cleaved by specific CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES to form a soluble ligand form.
A protein serine-threonine kinase that catalyzes the PHOSPHORYLATION of I KAPPA B PROTEINS. This enzyme also activates the transcription factor NF-KAPPA B and is composed of alpha and beta catalytic subunits, which are protein kinases and gamma, a regulatory subunit.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.
A family of intracellular tyrosine kinases that participate in the signaling cascade of cytokines by associating with specific CYTOKINE RECEPTORS. They act upon STAT TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS in signaling pathway referred to as the JAK/STAT pathway. The name Janus kinase refers to the fact the proteins have two phosphate-transferring domains.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A family of intracellular CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that play a role in regulating INFLAMMATION and APOPTOSIS. They specifically cleave peptides at a CYSTEINE amino acid that follows an ASPARTIC ACID residue. Caspases are activated by proteolytic cleavage of a precursor form to yield large and small subunits that form the enzyme. Since the cleavage site within precursors matches the specificity of caspases, sequential activation of precursors by activated caspases can occur.
7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon found in tobacco smoke that is a potent carcinogen.
A method used to study the lateral movement of MEMBRANE PROTEINS and LIPIDS. A small area of a cell membrane is bleached by laser light and the amount of time necessary for unbleached fluorescent marker-tagged proteins to diffuse back into the bleached site is a measurement of the cell membrane's fluidity. The diffusion coefficient of a protein or lipid in the membrane can be calculated from the data. (From Segen, Current Med Talk, 1995).
A nuclear receptor coactivator with specificity for ESTROGEN RECEPTORS and PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS. It contains a histone acetyltransferase activity that may play a role in CHROMATIN REMODELING during the process of nuclear receptor-induced transcription. The coactivator has been found at elevated levels in certain HORMONE-DEPENDENT NEOPLASMS such as those found in BREAST CANCER.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A family of enzymes accepting a wide range of substrates, including phenols, alcohols, amines, and fatty acids. They function as drug-metabolizing enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of UDPglucuronic acid to a variety of endogenous and exogenous compounds. EC
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
A cyclin subtype that is transported into the CELL NUCLEUS at the end of the G2 PHASE. It stimulates the G2/M phase transition by activating CDC2 PROTEIN KINASE.
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs (21-31 nucleotides) involved in GENE SILENCING functions, especially RNA INTERFERENCE (RNAi). Endogenously, siRNAs are generated from dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) by the same ribonuclease, Dicer, that generates miRNAs (MICRORNAS). The perfect match of the siRNAs' antisense strand to their target RNAs mediates RNAi by siRNA-guided RNA cleavage. siRNAs fall into different classes including trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA), repeat-associated RNA (rasiRNA), small-scan RNA (scnRNA), and Piwi protein-interacting RNA (piRNA) and have different specific gene silencing functions.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Substances that possess antiestrogenic actions but can also produce estrogenic effects as well. They act as complete or partial agonist or as antagonist. They can be either steroidal or nonsteroidal in structure.
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1, alpha subunit is a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that is regulated by OXYGEN availability and is targeted for degradation by VHL TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN.
A family of protein serine/threonine kinases which act as intracellular signalling intermediates. Ribosomal protein S6 kinases are activated through phosphorylation in response to a variety of HORMONES and INTERCELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS. Phosphorylation of RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S6 by enzymes in this class results in increased expression of 5' top MRNAs. Although specific for RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S6 members of this class of kinases can act on a number of substrates within the cell. The immunosuppressant SIROLIMUS inhibits the activation of ribosomal protein S6 kinases.
A short pro-domain caspase that plays an effector role in APOPTOSIS. It is activated by INITIATOR CASPASES such as CASPASE 9. Isoforms of this protein exist due to multiple alternative splicing of its MESSENGER RNA.
A ubiquitously expressed protein kinase that is involved in a variety of cellular SIGNAL PATHWAYS. Its activity is regulated by a variety of signaling protein tyrosine kinase.
Preclinical testing of drugs in experimental animals or in vitro for their biological and toxic effects and potential clinical applications.
Organic derivatives of thiocyanic acid which contain the general formula R-SCN.
Protein encoded by the bcl-1 gene which plays a critical role in regulating the cell cycle. Overexpression of cyclin D1 is the result of bcl-1 rearrangement, a t(11;14) translocation, and is implicated in various neoplasms.
The main structural component of the LIVER. They are specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that are organized into interconnected plates called lobules.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
DEFENSINS found mainly in epithelial cells.
Inhibitors of SERINE ENDOPEPTIDASES and sulfhydryl group-containing enzymes. They act as alkylating agents and are known to interfere in the translation process.
Regulatory signaling systems that control the progression through the CELL CYCLE. They ensure that the cell has completed, in the correct order and without mistakes, all the processes required to replicate the GENOME and CYTOPLASM, and divide them equally between two daughter cells. If cells sense they have not completed these processes or that the environment does not have the nutrients and growth hormones in place to proceed, then the cells are restrained (or "arrested") until the processes are completed and growth conditions are suitable.
Cytochromes of the c type that are found in eukaryotic MITOCHONDRIA. They serve as redox intermediates that accept electrons from MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III and transfer them to MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX IV.
A family of signaling adaptor proteins that contain SRC HOMOLOGY DOMAINS. Many members of this family are involved in transmitting signals from CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS to MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES.
A cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that mediates TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN P53-dependent CELL CYCLE arrest. p21 interacts with a range of CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES and associates with PROLIFERATING CELL NUCLEAR ANTIGEN and CASPASE 3.
One of the six homologous soluble proteins that bind insulin-like growth factors (SOMATOMEDINS) and modulate their mitogenic and metabolic actions at the cellular level.
Phosphotransferases that catalyzes the conversion of 1-phosphatidylinositol to 1-phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate. Many members of this enzyme class are involved in RECEPTOR MEDIATED SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION and regulation of vesicular transport with the cell. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases have been classified both according to their substrate specificity and their mode of action within the cell.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
Proteins that control the CELL DIVISION CYCLE. This family of proteins includes a wide variety of classes, including CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES, mitogen-activated kinases, CYCLINS, and PHOSPHOPROTEIN PHOSPHATASES as well as their putative substrates such as chromatin-associated proteins, CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS, and TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS.
A promyelocytic cell line derived from a patient with ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA. HL-60 cells lack specific markers for LYMPHOID CELLS but express surface receptors for FC FRAGMENTS and COMPLEMENT SYSTEM PROTEINS. They also exhibit phagocytic activity and responsiveness to chemotactic stimuli. (From Hay et al., American Type Culture Collection, 7th ed, pp127-8)
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Transplantation between animals of different species.
A cyclin B subtype that colocalizes with MICROTUBULES during INTERPHASE and is transported into the CELL NUCLEUS at the end of the G2 PHASE.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens. They are often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion. The lipopolysaccharide molecule consists of three parts: LIPID A, core polysaccharide, and O-specific chains (O ANTIGENS). When derived from Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharides serve as polyclonal B-cell mitogens commonly used in laboratory immunology. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides.
Forceful administration into the peritoneal cavity of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the abdominal wall.
Ubiquitous, inducible, nuclear transcriptional activator that binds to enhancer elements in many different cell types and is activated by pathogenic stimuli. The NF-kappa B complex is a heterodimer composed of two DNA-binding subunits: NF-kappa B1 and relA.
A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
Products of proto-oncogenes. Normally they do not have oncogenic or transforming properties, but are involved in the regulation or differentiation of cell growth. They often have protein kinase activity.
A large multisubunit complex that plays an important role in the degradation of most of the cytosolic and nuclear proteins in eukaryotic cells. It contains a 700-kDa catalytic sub-complex and two 700-kDa regulatory sub-complexes. The complex digests ubiquitinated proteins and protein activated via ornithine decarboxylase antizyme.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.
The original member of the family of endothelial cell growth factors referred to as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A was originally isolated from tumor cells and referred to as "tumor angiogenesis factor" and "vascular permeability factor". Although expressed at high levels in certain tumor-derived cells it is produced by a wide variety of cell types. In addition to stimulating vascular growth and vascular permeability it may play a role in stimulating VASODILATION via NITRIC OXIDE-dependent pathways. Alternative splicing of the mRNA for vascular endothelial growth factor A results in several isoforms of the protein being produced.
An increase in the rate of synthesis of an enzyme due to the presence of an inducer which acts to derepress the gene responsible for enzyme synthesis.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
A member of the Bcl-2 protein family and homologous partner of C-BCL-2 PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN. It regulates the release of CYTOCHROME C and APOPTOSIS INDUCING FACTOR from the MITOCHONDRIA. Several isoforms of BCL2-associated X protein occur due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of the mRNA for this protein.
A family of inhibitory proteins which bind to the REL PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS and modulate their activity. In the CYTOPLASM, I-kappa B proteins bind to the transcription factor NF-KAPPA B. Cell stimulation causes its dissociation and translocation of active NF-kappa B to the nucleus.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.
Components of a cell produced by various separation techniques which, though they disrupt the delicate anatomy of a cell, preserve the structure and physiology of its functioning constituents for biochemical and ultrastructural analysis. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p163)
Immunologic method used for detecting or quantifying immunoreactive substances. The substance is identified by first immobilizing it by blotting onto a membrane and then tagging it with labeled antibodies.
(2S-(2 alpha,3 beta,4 beta))-2-Carboxy-4-(1-methylethenyl)-3-pyrrolidineacetic acid. Ascaricide obtained from the red alga Digenea simplex. It is a potent excitatory amino acid agonist at some types of excitatory amino acid receptors and has been used to discriminate among receptor types. Like many excitatory amino acid agonists it can cause neurotoxicity and has been used experimentally for that purpose.
A superfamily of PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that are activated by diverse stimuli via protein kinase cascades. They are the final components of the cascades, activated by phosphorylation by MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES, which in turn are activated by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES).
A common neoplasm of early childhood arising from neural crest cells in the sympathetic nervous system, and characterized by diverse clinical behavior, ranging from spontaneous remission to rapid metastatic progression and death. This tumor is the most common intraabdominal malignancy of childhood, but it may also arise from thorax, neck, or rarely occur in the central nervous system. Histologic features include uniform round cells with hyperchromatic nuclei arranged in nests and separated by fibrovascular septa. Neuroblastomas may be associated with the opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2099-2101; Curr Opin Oncol 1998 Jan;10(1):43-51)
The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).
A CALCIUM-independent subtype of nitric oxide synthase that may play a role in immune function. It is an inducible enzyme whose expression is transcriptionally regulated by a variety of CYTOKINES.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor that plays a role in APOPTOSIS. It is composed of two subunits: ARYL HYDROCARBON RECEPTOR NUCLEAR TRANSLOCATOR and HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Enzyme complexes that catalyze the formation of PROSTAGLANDINS from the appropriate unsaturated FATTY ACIDS, molecular OXYGEN, and a reduced acceptor.
A pathologic process consisting of the proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.
A class of MOLECULAR CHAPERONES whose members act in the mechanism of SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION by STEROID RECEPTORS.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON.
The artificial induction of GENE SILENCING by the use of RNA INTERFERENCE to reduce the expression of a specific gene. It includes the use of DOUBLE-STRANDED RNA, such as SMALL INTERFERING RNA and RNA containing HAIRPIN LOOP SEQUENCE, and ANTI-SENSE OLIGONUCLEOTIDES.
Addition of methyl groups. In histo-chemistry methylation is used to esterify carboxyl groups and remove sulfate groups by treating tissue sections with hot methanol in the presence of hydrochloric acid. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
Clinical or subclinical disturbances of cortical function due to a sudden, abnormal, excessive, and disorganized discharge of brain cells. Clinical manifestations include abnormal motor, sensory and psychic phenomena. Recurrent seizures are usually referred to as EPILEPSY or "seizure disorder."
A large group of proteins that control APOPTOSIS. This family of proteins includes many ONCOGENE PROTEINS as well as a wide variety of classes of INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS such as CASPASES.
Drugs that bind to and activate excitatory amino acid receptors.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Exogenous and endogenous compounds which inhibit CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES.
An in situ method for detecting areas of DNA which are nicked during APOPTOSIS. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase is used to add labeled dUTP, in a template-independent manner, to the 3 prime OH ends of either single- or double-stranded DNA. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase nick end labeling, or TUNEL, assay labels apoptosis on a single-cell level, making it more sensitive than agarose gel electrophoresis for analysis of DNA FRAGMENTATION.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
A well-characterized basic peptide believed to be secreted by the liver and to circulate in the blood. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like, and mitogenic activities. This growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on GROWTH HORMONE. It is believed to be mainly active in adults in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR II, which is a major fetal growth factor.
A family of non-receptor, PROLINE-rich protein-tyrosine kinases.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
The aggregation of soluble ANTIGENS with ANTIBODIES, alone or with antibody binding factors such as ANTI-ANTIBODIES or STAPHYLOCOCCAL PROTEIN A, into complexes large enough to fall out of solution.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
Enzymes that oxidize certain LUMINESCENT AGENTS to emit light (PHYSICAL LUMINESCENCE). The luciferases from different organisms have evolved differently so have different structures and substrates.
Highly specialized EPITHELIAL CELLS that line the HEART; BLOOD VESSELS; and lymph vessels, forming the ENDOTHELIUM. They are polygonal in shape and joined together by TIGHT JUNCTIONS. The tight junctions allow for variable permeability to specific macromolecules that are transported across the endothelial layer.
A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. Leukemias were originally termed acute or chronic based on life expectancy but now are classified according to cellular maturity. Acute leukemias consist of predominately immature cells; chronic leukemias are composed of more mature cells. (From The Merck Manual, 2006)
Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
In vivo methods of screening investigative anticancer drugs, biologic response modifiers or radiotherapies. Human tumor tissue or cells are transplanted into mice or rats followed by tumor treatment regimens. A variety of outcomes are monitored to assess antitumor effectiveness.
Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
The relatively long-lived phagocytic cell of mammalian tissues that are derived from blood MONOCYTES. Main types are PERITONEAL MACROPHAGES; ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES; HISTIOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS of the liver; and OSTEOCLASTS. They may further differentiate within chronic inflammatory lesions to EPITHELIOID CELLS or may fuse to form FOREIGN BODY GIANT CELLS or LANGHANS GIANT CELLS. (from The Dictionary of Cell Biology, Lackie and Dow, 3rd ed.)
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.

Increase in wild-type p53 stability and transactivational activity by the chemopreventive agent apigenin in keratinocytes. (1/264)

Apigenin, a naturally occurring, non-mutagenic flavonoid, has been shown to inhibit UV-induced skin tumorigenesis in mice when topically applied. In this report we have used the mouse keratinocyte 308 cell line, which contains a wild-type p53 gene, to study the effect of apigenin treatment on p53 protein levels and the expression of its downstream partner, p21/waf1. Cells were treated with 70 microM apigenin for various times and levels of p53 and p21/waf1 protein were assessed by western blot analysis. The level of p53 protein was induced 27-fold after 4 h of apigenin treatment and levels remained elevated through 10 h of exposure. After 24 h of exposure to 70 microM apigenin, p53 protein levels returned to control levels. p21/waf1 protein levels increased approximately 1. 5-2-fold after 4 h and remained elevated at 24 h. To investigate the mechanism of p53 protein accumulation, we compared the half-life of p53 protein in vehicle- and apigenin-treated cells. Cells were incubated for 4 h in the presence of apigenin, then cycloheximide was added to inhibit further protein synthesis and p53 protein levels were measured by western blot. The half-life of p53 protein was found to be increased an average of 8-fold in apigenin-treated cells compared with vehicle-treated cells (t(1/2) = 131 min versus 16 min in apigenin- versus vehicle-treated cells, respectively). The mechanism of p53 protein stabilization is currently being investigated. To determine whether p53 was transcriptionally active, we also performed gel mobility shift assays and transient transfection studies using a luciferase plasmid under the control of the p21/waf1 promoter. Both p53 DNA-binding activity and transcriptional activation peaked after 24 h of exposure to apigenin. These studies suggest that apigenin may exert anti-tumorigenic activity by stimulating the p53-p21/waf1 response pathway.  (+info)

Endogenous protein kinase CK2 participates in Wnt signaling in mammary epithelial cells. (2/264)

Protein kinase CK2 (formerly casein kinase II) is a serine/threonine kinase overexpressed in many human tumors, transformed cell lines, and rapidly proliferating tissues. Recent data have shown that many cancers involve inappropriate reactivation of Wnt signaling through ectopic expression of Wnts themselves, as has been seen in a number of human breast cancers, or through mutation of intermediates in the Wnt pathway, such as adenomatous polyposis coli or beta-catenin, as described in colon and other cancers. Wnts are secreted factors that are important in embryonic development, but overexpression of certain Wnts, such as Wnt-1, leads to proliferation and transformation of cells. We report that upon stable transfection of Wnt-1 into the mouse mammary epithelial cell line C57MG, morphological changes and increased proliferation are accompanied by increased levels of CK2, as well as of beta-catenin. CK2 and beta-catenin co-precipitate with the Dvl proteins, which are Wnt signaling intermediates. A major phosphoprotein of the size of beta-catenin appears in in vitro kinase reactions performed on the Dvl immunoprecipitates. In vitro translated beta-catenin, Dvl-2, and Dvl-3 are phosphorylated by CK2. The selective CK2 inhibitor apigenin blocks proliferation of Wnt-1-transfected cells, abrogates phosphorylation of beta-catenin, and reduces beta-catenin and Dvl protein levels. These results demonstrate that endogenous CK2 is a positive regulator of Wnt signaling and growth of mammary epithelial cells.  (+info)

Flavopiridol binds to duplex DNA. (3/264)

Flavopiridol, the first potent cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor to enter clinical trials, was recently found to be cytotoxic to noncycling cells. The present studies were performed to examine the hypothesis that flavopiridol, like several other antineoplastic agents that kill noncycling cells, might also interact with DNA. Consistent with this possibility, treatment of A549 human lung cancer cells with clinically achievable concentrations of flavopiridol resulted in rapid elevations of the DNA damage-responsive protein p53. In further studies, the binding of flavopiridol to DNA was examined in vitro by four independent techniques. Absorption spectroscopy revealed that addition of DNA to aqueous flavopiridol solutions resulted in a red shift of the flavopiridol lambda(max) from 311 to 344 nm, demonstrating an isosbestic point typical of changes seen with DNA-binding compounds. Reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography demonstrated that flavopiridol binds to genomic DNA to a similar extent as ethidium bromide and Hoechst 33258. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy revealed that DNA caused extreme broadening of flavopiridol 1H nuclear magnetic resonance signals that could be reversed by addition of ethidium bromide or by DNA melting, suggesting that flavopiridol binds to (and likely intercalates into) duplex DNA. Equilibrium dialysis demonstrated that the equilibrium dissociation constant of the flavopiridol-DNA complex (5.4+/-3.4 x 10(-4) M) was in the same range observed for binding of the intercalators doxorubicin and pyrazoloacridine to DNA. Molecular modeling confirmed the feasibility of flavopiridol intercalation into DNA and analysis of the effects of flavopiridol in the National Cancer Institute tumor cell line panel using the COMPARE algorithm demonstrated that flavopiridol most closely resembles cytotoxic antineoplastic intercalators. Collectively, these data suggest that DNA might be a second target of flavopiridol, providing a potential explanation for the ability of this agent to kill noncycling cancer cells.  (+info)

Wortmannin inhibition of forskolin-stimulated chloride secretion by T84 cells. (4/264)

The time- and dose-dependent effects of wortmannin on transepithelial electrical resistance (Rte) and forskolin-stimulated chloride secretion in T84 monolayer cultures were studied. In both instances, maximal effects developed over 2 h and were stable thereafter. Inhibition of forskolin-stimulated chloride secretion, as measured by the short-circuit current (Isc) technique, had an IC50 of 200-500 nM, which is 100-fold higher than for inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), but similar to the IC50 for inhibition of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK). Previous work demonstrated that 500 nM wortmannin did not inhibit the cAMP activation of apical membrane chloride channels. We show here that 500 nM wortmannin has no affect on basolateral Na/K/2Cl-cotransporter activity, but inhibits basolateral membrane Na/K-ATPase activity significantly. The MLCK inhibitors ML-7 and KT5926 were without affect on forskolin-stimulated Isc. Similarly, the p38- and MEK-specific MAPK inhibitors SB203580 and PD98059 did not reduce forskolin-stimulated Isc. In contrast, the non-specific MAPK inhibitor apigenin reduced forskolin-stimulated Isc and basolateral membrane Na/K-ATPase activity similar to wortmannin. In isolated membranes from T84 cells, wortmannin did not inhibit Na/K-ATPase enzymatic activity directly. We conclude that one or more MAPK may regulate the functional expression of basolateral membrane Na/K-ATPase by controlling the abundance of enzyme molecules in the plasma membrane.  (+info)

Flavonoids inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in B16 melanoma 4A5 cells. (5/264)

We investigated the growth inhibitory activity of several flavonoids, including apigenin, luteolin, kaempherol, quercetin, butein, isoliquiritigenin, naringenin, genistein, and daizein against B16 mouse melanoma 4A5 cells. Isoliquiritigenin and butein, belonging to the chalcone group, markedly suppressed the growth of B16 melanoma cells and induced cell death. The other flavonoids tested showed little growth inhibitory activity and scarcely caused cell death. In cells treated with isoliquiritigenin or butein, condensation of nuclei and fragmentation of nuclear DNA, which are typical phenomena of apoptosis, were observed by Hoechst 33258 staining and by agarose gel electrophoresis of DNA. Flowcytometric analysis showed that isoliquiritigenin and butein increased the proportion of hypodiploid cells in the population of B16 melanoma cells. These results demonstrate that isoliquiritigenin and butein inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in B16 melanoma cells. Extracellular glucose decreased the proportion of hypodiploid cells that appeared as a result of isoliquiritigenin treatment. p53 was not detected in cells treated with either of these chalcones, however, protein of the Bcl-2 family were detected. The level of expression of Bax in cells treated with either of these chalcones was markedly elevated and the level of Bcl-XL decreased slightly. Isoliquiritigenin did not affect Bcl-2 expression, but butein down-regulated Bcl-2 expression. From these results, it seems that the pathway by which the chalcones induce apoptosis may be independent of p53 and dependent on proteins of the Bcl-2 family. It was supposed that isoliquiritigenin induces apoptosis in B16 cells by a mechanism involving inhibition of glucose transmembrane transport and promotion of Bax expression. On the other hand, it was suggested that butein induces apoptosis via down-regulation of Bcl-2 expression and promotion of Bax expression. This mechanism differs from the isoliquiritigenin induction pathway.  (+info)

Structural determinants for activation and block of CFTR-mediated chloride currents by apigenin. (6/264)

Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is an activator of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-mediated Cl(-) currents across epithelia at low concentrations and a blocker at high concentrations. We determined the roles of structural components of apigenin for both stimulation and block of Cl(-) currents across Calu-3 epithelia. The half-maximal binding affinity of apigenin for current stimulation (K(s)) was 9.1 +/- 1.3 microM, and the rank-order of molecular structures was 7-hydroxyl > pyrone = 4'-hydroxyl > 5-hydroxyl. Both the 7-hydroxyl and the 4'-hydroxyl served as H-bond acceptors, whereas the 5-hydroxyl was an H-bond donor. The half-maximal binding affinity of apigenin during current block was 74 +/- 11 microM. Blocked Cl(-) currents were structurally determined by 7-hydroxyl = 4'-hydroxyl > pyrone > 5-hydroxyl. Prestimulation of tissues with forskolin significantly affected activation kinetics and binding characteristics. After forskolin stimulation, K(s) was 4.1 +/- 0.9 microM, which was structurally determined by pyrone > all hydroxyls > single hydroxyls. In contrast, block of Cl(-) current by apigenin was not affected by forskolin stimulation. We conclude that apigenin binds to a stimulatory and an inhibitory binding site, which are distinguished by their affinities and the molecular interactions during binding.  (+info)

The neuroprotective effects of phytoestrogens on amyloid beta protein-induced toxicity are mediated by abrogating the activation of caspase cascade in rat cortical neurons. (7/264)

Amyloid beta protein (Abeta) elicits a toxic effect on neurons in vitro and in vivo. In present study we attempt to elucidate the mechanism by which Abeta confers its neurotoxicity. The neuroprotective effects of phytoestrogens on Abeta-mediated toxicity were also investigated. Cortical neurons treated with 5 microm Abeta-(25-35) for 40 h decreased the cell viability by 45.5 +/- 4.6% concomitant with the appearance of apoptotic morphology. 50 microm kaempferol and apigenin decreased the Abeta-induced cell death by 81.5 +/- 9.4% and 49.2 +/- 9.9%, respectively. Abeta increased the activity of caspase 3 by 10.6-fold and to a lesser extent for caspase 2, 8, and 9. The Abeta-induced activation of caspase 3 and release of cytochrome c showed a biphasic pattern. Apigenin abrogated Abeta-induced cytochrome c release, and the activation of caspase cascade. Kaempferol showed a similar effect but to a less extent. Kaempferol was also capable of eliminating Abeta-induced accumulation of reactive oxygen species. These two events accounted for the remarkable effect of kaempferol on neuroprotection. Quercetin and probucol did not affect the Abeta-mediated neurotoxicity. However, they potentiated the protective effect of apigenin. Therefore, these results demonstrate that Abeta elicited activation of caspase cascades and reactive oxygen species accumulation, thereby causing neuronal death. The blockade of caspase activation conferred the major neuroprotective effect of phytoestrogens. The antioxidative activity of phytoestrogens also modulated their neuroprotective effects on Abeta-mediated toxicity.  (+info)

Suppression of inducible cyclooxygenase and nitric oxide synthase through activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma by flavonoids in mouse macrophages. (8/264)

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma transcription factor has been implicated in anti-inflammatory response. Of the compounds tested, apigenin, chrysin, and kaempferol significantly stimulated PPAR gamma transcriptional activity in a transient reporter assay. In addition, these three flavonoids strongly enhanced the inhibition of inducible cyclooxygenase and inducible nitric oxide synthase promoter activities in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages which contain the PPAR gamma expression plasmids. However, these three flavonoids exhibited weak PPAR gamma agonist activities in an in vitro competitive binding assay. Limited protease digestion of PPAR gamma suggested these three flavonoids produced a conformational change in PPAR gamma and the conformation differs in the receptor bound to BRL49653 versus these three flavonoids. These results suggested that these three flavonoids might act as allosteric effectors and were able to bind to PPAR gamma and activate it, but its binding site might be different from the natural ligand BRL49653.  (+info)

Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) is a key enzyme in the transformation of arachidonic acidity to prostaglandins and COX-2 overexpression has an important function in carcinogenesis. modulation of USF transcriptional activity in the 5? upstream area from the COX-2 gene. Right here we discovered that apigenin treatment also elevated COX-2 mRNA balance as well as the inhibitory aftereffect of apigenin on UVB-induced luciferase reporter gene activity was reliant on the Saxagliptin AU-rich component of the COX-2 3?-untranslated area. Furthermore we discovered two RNA-binding protein HuR as well as the T-cell-restricted intracellular antigen 1-related proteins (TIAR) that have been connected with endogenous COX-2 mRNA in 308 keratinocytes and apigenin treatment elevated their localization to cell cytoplasm. Moreover Saxagliptin reduced amount of HuR amounts by little interfering RNA inhibited apigenin-mediated stabilization of COX-2 mRNA. Cells expressing decreased TIAR showed proclaimed level of resistance ...
Apigenin could be used to potentially increase the effects of cisplatin by targeting cancer stem cells subset in prostate cancer.
...SINGAPORE -- Two common dietary molecules found in legumes and bran co...According to the researchers inositol and IP6 could decrease the seve...Both of these potent antioxidants have been shown to have broad-spectr...While both inositol and IP6 are related to B vitamins they are not co...,Antioxidants,could,provide,all-purpose,radiation,protection,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Apigenin (4, 5, 7-trihydroxyflavone, AP), a dietary flavonoid, is reported to have several therapeutic effects in different diseases including cancer. In the present study, in order to explore the potential mechanism and provide the references for further studies, we investigated the effect of apigenin at various dosages on the hepatic oxidative stress of male rats. Totally 48 SD male rats were randomly divided into control group (saline, 1 ml/100g·bw), low-dose group (AP, 234 mg/kg·bw), middle-dose group (AP, 468 mg/kg·bw) and high-dose group (AP, 936 mg/kg·bw). The rats were administered with apigenin or saline via intragastriation once a day, 6 days per week, and 5 consecutive weeks. Rats were sacrificed and the livers were harvested and then immediately preserved at ﹣20°C. Liver homogenate was prepared before detection. Hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide syntheses (NOS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC)
Figure 2: Parsley (dried). Apigenin May Assist in the Prevention of Cancer. Apigenin has been shown to possess remarkable anti-carcinogenic properties. 3 There has been significant progress in studying the biological effects of apigenin at cellular and molecular levels as a chemopreventive agent. 4 There are a number of biological effects of apigenin in numerous mammalian systems in vitro as well as in vivo, due to its low intrinsic toxicity and because of its striking effects on normal versus cancer cells. 5 The exact mechanism of apigenin is still being researched, but the current research demonstrates that apigenin affects several critical pathways and/or targets:. ...
Bioflavonoids are known to be potent antioxidants and reducers of inflammation in the body. A new study involving apigenin, commonly found in fruits and vegetables, points the way to complementing the treatment of leukemia. Some care is needed if administered concurrently with other treatments involving chemotherapy.. Plant flavanoid may help prevent leukemia. [2]. LONDON (Reuters) - Eating foods like celery and parsley which contain the naturally occurring flavanoid apigenin may help prevent leukemia, Dutch scientists said Thursday.. Maikel Peppelenbosch of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands said tests showed that apigenin -- a common component of fruit and vegetables -- was able to halt the development of two kinds of cells in leukemia and cut their survival chances.. The findings suggest apigenin could hold promise for preventing leukemia, Peppelenbosch said.. But he warned that his study had also found the compound has ...
Liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and novel chemotherapeutic drugs to suppress liver cancer are urgently required. Isovitexin (IV), a glycosylflavonoid, is extracted from rice hulls of Oryza sativa, and has various biological activities. However, the anti-tumor effect of IV against liver cancer has not yet been demonstrated in vitro or in vivo. In the present study, we showed that IV significantly suppressed the growth of liver cancer cells. Mechanistic studies indicated that IV induced apoptosis by the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, as evidenced by the increase of Bax, cleaved Caspase-3, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and cytoplasm Cyto-c released from mitochondria ...
Some of the most common dietary advice when it comes to weight loss and eating healthy is to consume only low-fat or non-fat dairy. Ive talked to many people who say they drink skim milk because they think its healthier. But, is skim milk really healthier?
The flavones apigenin (4′,5,7,-trihydroxyflavone) and luteolin (3′,4′,5,7,-tetrahydroxyflavone) are plant secondary metabolites with antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and anticancer activities. We evaluated their impact on cell signaling pathways related to insulin-resistance and type 2 diabetes. Apigenin and luteolin were identified in our U-2 OS (human osteosarcoma) cell screening assay for micronutrients triggering rapid intracellular translocation of the forkhead box transcription factor O1 (FOXO1), an important mediator of insulin signal transduction. Insulin reversed the translocation of FOXO1 as shown by live cell imaging. The impact on the expression of target genes was evaluated in HepG2 (human hepatoma) cells. The mRNA-expression of the gluconeogenic enzymes phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pc), the lipogenic enzymes fatty-acid synthase (FASN) and acetyl-CoA-carboxylase (ACC) were down-regulated by both flavones with smaller effective dosages of
Scutellarin, an anti-inflammatory agent, effectively suppressed microglia activation in rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Robust microglia activation, acute in onset, was followed by astrogliosis. This study was aimed to determine if scutellarin would also affect the reactive astrocytes that play an important role in tissue repair. Expression of GFAP and Notch-1 and its members: Notch receptor intracellular domain (NICD), and transcription factor hairy and enhancer of split-1 (HES-1), together with nestin and proinflammatory mediators was assessed by immunofluorescence staining in TNC1 astrocytes treated, respectively, with BV-2 conditioned medium (CM) and CM + lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (CM + L) serving as the controls, and conditioned medium derived from LPS-activated BV-2 cells pretreated with scutellarin (CM + SL). Study of the above biomarkers was then extended to reactive astrocytes in scutellarin injected MCAO rats. TNC1 astrocytes remained relatively unreactive in terms of
Figure 1: Neurological functional tests to describe rat neurological scores of middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced focal cerebral ischemia. Sham group (sham), cerebral ischemia-reperfusion untreated group (CIRU), scutellarin 50 mg/Kg group (Scu-50), scutellarin 25 mg/Kg group (Scu-25), and nimodipine 10 mg/Kg group (Nimodipine) in days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28, respectively ...
The inhibitory effect of 2-O-glycosyl isovitexin (2-O-GIV), isolated from young barley leaves, on glyoxal formation from the oxidative degradation of three fatty acid ethyl esters was measured. Ethyl linoleate, ethyl linolenate and ethyl arachidona
The naturally occurring compound apigenin has many biological effects, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidative and anticancer effects. Although hypertrophic scar formation is a common surgical complication, there is still no good treatment for it. In the present study, we examined the effect of apigenin on hypertrophic scar. After isolating fibroblasts from human hypertrophic scars, we assess the effects of apigenin on fibroblast cell survival, apoptosis and migration. The results showed that apigenin dose-dependently inhibited the growth and migration of hypertrophic scar fibroblasts. By inhibiting FAK kinase activity and FAK phosphorylation, apigenin also inhibited activation of the FAK signaling pathway. Apigenin thus appears to inhibit the growth and migration of hypertrophic scar fibroblasts by inhibiting FAK signaling. This suggests apigenin could potentially provide a new option for the treatment of hypertrophic scars.
B81 African American women are more prone to develop breast cancer at a younger age and present with a more aggressive, hormone-independent form of the disease than those belonging to other ethnic groups. Doxorubicin is commonly used in chemotherapeutic regimens to treat breast cancer irrespective of hormone receptor or p53 status. While patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and progesterone receptor (PR)-negative breast cancer can derive benefit from using this agent, the onset of adverse effects can significantly diminish their quality of life. Some patients use herbal supplements containing flavonoids, while being treated with Doxorubicin, believing these products will potentiate its effectiveness. The purpose of our study was to determine whether the flavonoid Apigenin could suppress the growth of breast cancer cell lines derived from African American breast cancer patients with varying hormone receptor and p53 status and augment the anticancer effects of Doxorubicin in these cells. ...
Scutellarin methyl ester is a constituent of Breviscapine which is a crude extract of several flavonoids of Erigeron breviscapus. - Mechanism of Action & Protocol.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Catechin protects against ketoprofen-induced oxidative damage of the gastric mucosa by up-regulating Nrf2 in vitro and in vivo. AU - Cheng, Yu Ting. AU - Wu, Chi Hao. AU - Ho, Cheng Ying. AU - Yen, Gow Chin. PY - 2013/2. Y1 - 2013/2. N2 - Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including ketoprofen, are widely used in clinical medicine. However, these drugs may damage the gastrointestinal mucosa. Some reports have suggested that intestinal diseases, such as ulcers, are associated with lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage in the mucosa. Phytochemicals, such as polyphenols, are common dietary antioxidants that possess many beneficial characteristics, such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities. The objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of polyphenols on ketoprofen-induced oxidative damage in the gastrointestinal mucosa. We evaluated the effects of catechin, theaflavin, malvidin, cyanidin and apigenin on the activity of antioxidant ...
Gliomas are the most common and malignant primary brain tumors. They are associated with a poor prognosis despite the availability of multiple therapeutic options. Naringin, a common dietary flavonoid abundantly present in fruits and vegetables, is believed to possess strong anti-proliferative and anti-cancer properties. However, there are no reports describing its effects on the invasion and migration of glioblastoma cell lines. Our results showed that the treatment of U251 glioma cell lines with different concentrations of naringin inhibited the invasion and migration of these cells. In addition, we revealed a decrease in the levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2) and (MMP-9) expression as well as proteinase activity in U251 glioma cells. In contrast, the expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1) and (TIMP-2) was increased. Furthermore, naringin treatment decreased significantly the phosphorylated level of p38. Combined treatment with a p38 inhibitor (SB203580) resulted in the
Clinivex is a high quality reference standard supplier of Hispidulin 7-O-neohesperidoside, CAS no - 156186-00-4. View more information regarding Hispidulin 7-O-neohesperidoside, including solubility, MSDS & more.
We have shown that exposure of the HER2/neu-overexpressing breast cancer cells to apigenin resulted in induction of apoptosis by depleting HER2/neu protein and, in turn, suppressing the signaling of the HER2/HER3-PI3K/Akt pathway. Here, we examined whether inhibition of this pathway played a role in …
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When two people both eat a similar diet but one gets heart disease and the other doesnt, we currently think the cardiac disease develops because of their genetic differences; but our studies show that is only a part of the equation, said Stanley Hazen, M.D., Ph.D., Staff in Lerner Research Institutes Department of Cell Biology and the Heart and Vascular Institutes Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Section Head of Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation at Cleveland Clinic, and senior author of the study. Actually, differences in gut flora metabolism of the diet from one person to another appear to have a big effect on whether one develops heart disease. Gut flora is a filter for our largest environmental exposure -- what we eat. ...
The nuclear enzyme topoisomerase II, which is involved in replication, transcription, and probably repair of DNA, can be inhibited by a number of flavonoids. In conjunction with X-rays, three of these compounds were tested as to their effects on Reuber H35 hepatoma cells. In this combination, the isoflavone genistein, the flavone apigenin, and the flavonol quercetin caused an enhancement of radiation-induced cell death. This enhanced cytotoxicity was only observed when the flavonoids were applied following an irradiation treatment and is attributed to decreased repair of DNA radiation damage with a concomitant reduction of the rate of cell repopulation. Fractionated irradiations, given as five sequences of 3 Gy each over a period of 5 days, reduced the surviving cell population only by a factor of 20, whereas the continuous presence of genistein during radiation sequences resulted in a reduction of at least a factor of 10,000. Thus, these flavonoids not only seem to act as radiation enhancers ...
Acetic-acid, aesculetin, alanine, alkaloids, alpha-sitosterol, alpha-theosterol, amyl-acetate, amyl-alcohol, amyl-butyrate, amylase, apigenin-7-o-glucoside, arabinose, arachidic-acid, arginine, ascorbic-acid, ascorbic-acid-oxidase, aspariginase, beta-carotene, beta-sitosterol, beta-theosterol, biotin, caffeic-acid, caffeine, calcium, campesterol, catalase, catechins, catechol, cellulase, cellulose, chlorogenic-acid, chrysoeriol-7-o-glucoside, citric-acid, coumarin, cyanidin, cyanidin-3-beta-l-arabinoside, cyanidin-3-galactoside, cyanidin-glycoside, cycloartanol, d-galactose, decarboxylase, dextrinase, diacetyl, dopamine, epigallocatechin, ergosterol, ferulic-acid, formic-acid, fructose, furfurol, galacturonic-acid, gallocatechin, gentisic-acid, glucose, glutamic-acid, glycerin, glycerophosphatase, glycine, glycolic-acid, glycosidase, haematin, histidine, i-butyric-acid, idaein, invertase, isobutylacetate, isoleucine, isopropyl-acetate, isovitexin, kaempferol, l-epicatechin, leucine, ...
Zamora-Ros R, Ferrari P, Gonzalez CA, Tjonneland A, Olsen A, Bredsdorff L, Overvad K, Touillaud M, Perquier F, Fagherazzi G, Lukanova A, Tikk K, Aleksandrova K, Boeing H, Trichopoulou A, Trichopoulos D, Dilis V, Masala G, Sieri S, Mattiello A, Tumino R, Ricceri F, Bueno de Mesquita HB, Peeters PHM, Weiderpass E, Skeie G, Engeset D, Menendez V, Travier N, Molina-Montes E, Amiano P, Chirlaque MD, Barricarte A, Wallstrom P, Sonestedt E, Sund M, Landberg R, Khaw KT, Wareham NJ, Travis RC, Scalbert A, Ward HA, Riboli E, Romieu ...
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Under certain circumstances and in some individuals, diet can be a serious risk factor for a number of diseases.. Common dietary chemicals can act on the human genome, either directly or indirectly, to alter gene expression or structure.. The degree to which diet influences the balance between healthy and disease states may depend on an individuals genetic makeup.. Some diet-regulated genes (and their normal, common variants) are likely to play a role in the onset, incidence, progression, and/or severity of chronic diseases.. Dietary intervention based on knowledge of nutritional requirement, nutritional status, and genotype (i.e., personalized nutrition) can be used to prevent, mitigate or cure chronic disease ...
Public Group active 2 months, 2 weeks ago Physicians Plan Medical Weight Management has workplaces in two places in Northern California: Redding and Chico. At this very second, its creating a dramatic affect on individualss well being around the world. The vacations come, and you just cant say no to a different chunk of your favourite cake or reduce the calories whereas visiting your loved ones. In summary, taking dietary supplements will not be essential should you simply want to develop large muscle tissues. Shop one of the best bodybuilding supplements at Naked Performance Vitamin now. There are many well-known body building dietary supplements that people look forward to embody in their common dietary consumption. Typically, the tried-and-true workout system for hypertrophy, or muscle growth , contains average rep ranges, body-half splits, and plenty of relaxation. You know how those energy must be divided up between protein, carbs, and fats. Numerous the day by day maintenance ...
Researchers have found that in Drosophila fruit flies, providing a common dietary supplement prevents death caused by Pngl deficiency, the fly analog of the human genetic disorder N-Glycanase 1 deficiency. First defined four years ago, this rare, autosomal recessive disease has been diagnosed in about 60 individuals worldwide. Patients experience developmental delays, have difficulty with movement and liver function, and cannot produce tears. Symptoms are severe and patients tend to live to less than 10.
Are there any side effects or interactions with inositol?. Toxicity has not been reported, although people with chronic renal failure show elevated levels and should not take inositol, except under medical supervision.. Large amounts of phytate, the common dietary form of inositol, reduce the absorption of calcium, iron, and zinc. However, supplemental inositol does not have this effect.. One review article suggested that inositol may stimulate uterine contractions.5 While no research has demonstrated that inositol actually has this effect, women who are or could become pregnant should consult a doctor before taking inositol.. Are there any drug interactions? ...
Initially, it does this for Amazon but will be adding additional online stores in the coming week(s). Who is this for?. It is for anyone who is looking to purchase products on Amazon that are currently out of stock. From common essentials like masks and hand sanitizer to less common dietary favorites. We have seen people using it for trending products like airpods and nintendo switch. We decided to make it free during COVID-19 impact for those most at risk including frontline medical professionals and a free trial for everyone else. Who Built It & Why?. Conor the lead developer at identified the opportunity and quickly built it. The team at helped with the research into products and the buyer guides. The marketing coordination was handled by the adbank marketing team and specifically Catherine. The entire team felt there was a need that if we could help address one small problem around the stress of finding out when a product was back in stock it would be a ...
Healthy fat in olive oil may repair failing hearts New York: Oleate, a common dietary fat found in olive oil, may help restore proper metabolism of fuel that gets disturbed in case of heart failure, a
A blockbuster, world first breakthrough at Sydneys Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute is expected to prevent miscarriages and multiple types of birth defects, in one of the most significant discoveries in pregnancy research.. Crucially, Australian scientists have also demonstrated a remarkably simple cure, in the form of a common dietary supplement.. This historic discovery, which is believed to be among Australias greatest ever medical breakthroughs, is expected to forever change the way pregnant women are cared for around the globe.. Every year 7.9 million babies are born with a birth defect worldwide and one in four pregnant women suffer a miscarriage in Australia.. In the vast majority of cases the cause of these problems has remained a mystery.. Until now.. This breakthrough, led by Professor Sally Dunwoodie from the Victor Chang Institute, has identified a major cause of miscarriages as well as heart, spinal, kidney and cleft palate problems in newborn babies.. The ramifications ...
Do common dietary interventions and nutritional supplements really help protect against cardiovascular events? A new meta-analysis answers in the negative.
Please refer to common dietary assessment method table. If other method was used, please describe the detail. Otherwise, please simply use the brief name described in the table ...
Xing, Jian-feng et al. Metabolic And Pharmacokinetic Studies Of Scutellarin In Rat Plasma, Urine, And Feces. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 32.5 (2011): 655-663. Web ...
Chemotherapy is the preferred choice for treatment of advance breast cancer (BrCa). In most cases, cytotoxic drugs are used at or near a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) to achieve maximum response and eradicate the neoplastic cells, at the same time MTD doses are often toxic and have severe side effects. Lower dose i.e. optimal biological response modifier dose (OBRMD) provides potentially beneficial responses, but is not capable of achieving optimal clinical response. Hence, the focus of this study was to achieve the optimal therapeutic outcome of Docetaxel (DTX) at a lower dose by using it in combination with Apigenin (API), a dietary flavonoid present in fruits and vegetables. Effect of DTX and API, either alone or in combination on BrCa cells viability and apoptosis was determined by MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. We further investigated the mechanism of enhanced efficacy of DTX using western blot analysis and real time qPCR. Significant decrease in cell viability was observed ...
. Runx2 is essential for the differentiation of osteoblasts from mesenchymal cells, and the forced expression of Runx2 transdifferentiates fibroblasts into
Flavones (flavus = yellow), are a class of flavonoids based on the backbone of 2-phenylchromen-4-one (2-phenyl-1-benzopyran-4-one) shown on the right. Natural flavones include apigenin (4,5,7-trihydroxyflavone), luteolin (3,4,5,7-tetrahydroxyflavone), tangeritin (4,5,6,7,8-pentamethoxyflavone), chrysin (5,7-dihydroxyflavone), 6-hydroxyflavone, 7,8-dihydroxyflavone, baicalein (5,6,7-trihydroxyflavone), scutellarein (5,6,7,4-tetrahydroxyflavone), and wogonin (5,7-dihydroxy-8-methoxyflavone). Synthetic flavones include diosmin and flavoxate. Flavone also refers to the flavone compound 2-phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one. Flavones are mainly found in cereals and herbs. In the West, the estimated daily intake of flavones is in the range 20-50 mg per day. In recent years, scientific and public interest in flavones has grown, but there remains insufficient evidence that flavones have any effect in the human body. As interpreted by the Linus Pauling Institute, dietary flavones, and more generally ...
Ina systematically searched published literature written in English via PubMed by searching for terms related to stomach and colorectal cancer risk and dietary flavonoids up to June 30, 2012. Twenty-three studies out of 209 identified articles were finally selected for the analysis, posted in PubMed, showed that otal dietary flavonoid intake was not associated with a reduced risk of colorectal or stomach cancer [odds ratio (OR) (95%CI) = 1.00 (0.90-1.11) and 1.07 (0.70-1.61), respectively]. Among flavonoid subclasses, the intake of flavonols, flavan-3-ols, anthocyanidins, and proanthocyanidins showed a significant inverse association with colorectal cancer risk [OR (95%CI) = 0.71 (0.63-0.81), 0.88 (0.79-0.97), 0.68 (0.56-0.82), and 0.72 (0.61-0.85), respectively]. A significant association was found only between flavonols and stomach cancer risk based on a limited number of selected studies [OR (95%CI) = 0.68 (0.46-0.99)]. In the summary estimates from case-control studies, all flavonoid ...
Title: A Review on the Dietary Flavonoid Kaempferol. VOLUME: 11 ISSUE: 4. Author(s):J. M. Calderon-Montano, E. Burgos-Moron, C. Perez-Guerrero and M. Lopez-Lazaro. Affiliation:Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy. University of Seville, C/ Profesor García Gonzalez, n° 2, 41012, Sevilla, Spain.. Keywords:Flavonoids, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cancer, kaempherol, astragalin, tiliroside, kaempferitrin, robinin, Dietary, 3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one, edible plants, cardiovascular diseases, glycosides. Abstract: Epidemiological studies have revealed that a diet rich in plant-derived foods has a protective effect on human health. Identifying bioactive dietary constituents is an active area of scientific investigation that may lead to new drug discovery. Kaempferol (3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one) is a flavonoid found in many edible plants (e.g. tea, broccoli, cabbage, kale, beans, endive, leek, tomato, strawberries and grapes) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dietary flavonoid intakes in early postmenopausal Scottish women. AU - Hardcastle, Antonia C. AU - Kyle, Janet. AU - Duthie, Garry. AU - McNeill, Geraldine. AU - Reid, David M. AU - Macdonald, Helen M. N1 - Meeting abstract. PY - 2005/1. Y1 - 2005/1. U2 - 10.1079/PNS2004XXX. DO - 10.1079/PNS2004XXX. M3 - Abstract. VL - 64. SP - 85A. JO - Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. JF - Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. SN - 0029-6651. IS - 1a. ER - ...
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Dietary (poly)phenols are a large group of bioactive food constituents that can be classified in flavonoids, stilbenes, lignans and phenolic acids. Flavonoids can be subclassified in different subgroups, including but not limited to flavanols (e.g. (−)-epicatechin, (+)-catechin, procyanidins, EGCG, EGC, etc) and flavones (apigenin and luteolin). Examples of flavanol-containing foods and beverages are apples, chocolate, tea, wine, berries, pomegranate and nuts. Examples of flavone-containing foods and beverages are parsley, celery, and chamomile.. (Poly)phenolic bioactives are actively investigated for their putative beneficial health effects in humans. In this context, understanding the ADME of dietary (poly)phenols is recognized as a key step to gain insight into the nutritional and biomedical relevance of this group of compounds. Understanding the ADME of polyphenols may aid towards i) the identification of metabolites as potential nutritional biomarkers of (poly)phenol consumption, ii) the ...
Background: Several experimental studies have suggested potential anticarcinogenic effects of flavonoids, although epidemiologic evidence for the impact of dietary flavonoids on risk of gastric cancer (GC) is limited. Objective: We investigated the association between intake of dietary flavonoids and lignans and incident GC. Design: The study followed 477,312 subjects (29.8% men) aged 35-70 y from 10 European countries who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Validated dietary questionnaires and lifestyle information were collected at baseline. A food-composition database on flavonoids and lignans was compiled by using data from USDA and Phenol-Explorer databases. Results: During an average follow-up of 11 y, 683 incident GC cases (57.8% men) were mostly validated by a panel of pathologists and used in this analysis. We observed a significant inverse association between total flavonoid intake and GC risk in women (HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.70, ...
Background: Several experimental studies have suggested potential anticarcinogenic effects of flavonoids, although epidemiologic evidence for the impact of dietary flavonoids on risk of gastric cancer (GC) is limited. Objective: We investigated the association between intake of dietary flavonoids and lignans and incident GC. Design: The study followed 477,312 subjects (29.8% men) aged 35-70 y from 10 European countries who participated in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Validated dietary questionnaires and lifestyle information were collected at baseline. A food-composition database on flavonoids and lignans was compiled by using data from USDA and Phenol-Explorer databases. Results: During an average follow-up of 11 y, 683 incident GC cases (57.8% men) were mostly validated by a panel of pathologists and used in this analysis. We observed a significant inverse association between total flavonoid intake and GC risk in women (HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.70, ...
This study investigated the cardioprotective effect of vitexin against MIRI and its possible mechanism. Isolated SD rat hearts were subjected to MIRI in a Langendorff perfusion system, and H9c2 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in vitro. Ex vivo experiments showed improved left ventricular function and reduced infarct size in the vitexin group. Transmission electron microscopy sh...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Dietary flavonoid intakes and risk of type 2 diabetes in US men and women. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
saponarin: A crystalline glucoside, C19H22O11, or C21H24O12, found in Saponaria officinalis. It melts at 231° C. and gives a blue color with sodium.
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The reference standards are offered as powders with good flowability and crystallinity to guarantee efficient handling in the laboratory. All products of this product line are filled in brown glass vials with screw caps and are packed in foil bags. This packaging provides optimum protection against environmental influences, even when stored over a long period of time. The reference standards are delivered as ready-to-use portions and are stored under controlled conditions.. ...
insect-eaters (insectivores) to dependence on fruit and vegetables so that: During the Miocene era (from about 24 to about 5 million years ago) fruits appear to have been the main dietary constituent for hominids, but their fossilized dental remains seem suitable for mastication of both animal and vegetable material. The six page article went on to discuss the deviations into meat-eating and so on since those remote times and had this to say about the diets of primitive populations today: Except for Eskimos and other high altitude peoples, hunter-gatherers typically use many species of wild plants for food. Roots, beans, nuts, tubers and fruits are the most common dietary constituents, but others, ranging from flowers to edible gums, are occasionally consumed. Small cereal grains, which have been staples for civilized people since the Agricultural Revolution, make a surprisingly minor contribution overall. The article concluded: The extent to which some of the major chronic diseases of ...
Low prices on Chrysin! Anti-aromatase chrysin unlocks more testosterone power. Chrysin is a plant flavonoid that can influence the enzymatic conversion of testosterone to estrogen. In this way, chrysin may optimize testosterone activity while minimizing its conversion to estrogen.*
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Erigeron aphanactis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles ...
Quercetin, a plant flavonoid is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. We have performed preclinical studies assessing the suitability of quercetin i...
Research into quercetin,a plant flavonoid with potent antioxidant action, has observed numerous health benefits, lets take a look at the top six!
Quercetin is a plant flavonoid found in capers and green tea and its now become a new hype vitamin during the fight against COVID-19.
Pale-vented Bush-hen 23-30 cm; male ruficrissa 129-208 (177) g, ultima 189-248 g; female ultima 135-192 g, other races 161-205 (183) g; wingspan 45-49 cm. Sexes
BISAC: MED078000. This book outlays the possible influence of some important aspects of human migration and social mobility on the biological characters of human populations, including their health and well-being. It contains ten contributions from different researchers working in this area of research. The first chapter, written by Budnik and Henneberg, demonstrates the effect of social class and mobility on morphological characters of body size like height and body mass index (BMI) in a historical population of Poland. In Chapter Two, Chakraborty et al. shows that the migration of disadvantaged people to an adverse environment in an early period of growth and development may increase health risk in adulthood compared to those after completion of major physical growth period, or even compared to those who are born into that adverse environment. Chapter Three (by J. R. Ghosh) reveals the influence of educational and occupational positions on clinical hypertension among adult males from the ...
The National Pancreas Foundation continues to support our patients/caregivers during this difficult time in order to fulfill our Mission. Please help us continue this important work by donating HERE ...
Damiana's anxiolytic properties might be due to apigenin. The extract from damiana has been found to suppress aromatase ... apigenin; α-pinene; β-carotene; β-pinene; tannins; thymol; and hexacosanol. In total, 22 flavonoids, maltol glucoside, ...
Some of the metabolites separated: Acacetin-7-O-rutinoside; Apigenin 7-O-rutinoside; Chlorogenic acid; Coumaroylagmatine; ...
Apigenin chamomile, celery, parsley. Chrysin Passiflora caerulea, Pleurotus ostreatus, Oroxylum indicum. Diosmetin Vicia. ...
the apigenin-6-C-glucoside. In this case, the prefix 'iso' does not imply an isoflavonoid (the position of the B-ring on the C- ... Vitexin, the 8-C-glucoside of apigenin Isoorientin, the 3'-OH derivative "Pharmacological studies of Passiflora sp. and their ...
Dried parsley can contain about 45 mg/gram apigenin. The apigenin content of fresh parsley is reportedly 215.5 mg/100 grams, ... Parsley is a source of flavonoids and antioxidants, especially luteolin, apigenin, folate, vitamin K, vitamin C, and vitamin A ... Meyer, H.; Bolarinwa, A.; Wolfram, G. & Linseisen, J. (2006). "Bioavailability of apigenin from apiin-rich parsley in humans" ( ... "Plant flavone apigenin: An emerging anticancer agent". Current Pharmacology Reports. 3 (6): 423-446. doi:10.1007/s40495-017- ...
... the flavonoids apigenin, quercetin, patuletin, and luteolin; and coumarin. Chamomile, a relative of ragweed, can cause allergy ...
In plant synthesis the enzyme apigenin 4′-O-methyltransferase uses S-adenosyl methionine and 5,7,4′-trihydroxyflavone (apigenin ... Acacetin is a 4′-O-methylated flavone of the parent compound apigenin, found in Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust), Turnera ... methoxylated apigenin) Zhao, J; Dasmahapatra, AK; Khan, SI; Khan, IA (December 2008). "Anti-aromatase activity of the ... to produce S-adenosylhomocysteine and 4′-methoxy-5,7-dihydroxyflavone (acacetin). Genkwanin (methoxylated apigenin) ...
Apigenin and chrysin are also transformed by C. elegans and produce apigenin 7-sulfate, apigenin 7,4′-disulfate, chrysin 7- ... Ibrahim, A. R. S. (2005). "Biotransformation of Chrysin and Apigenin by Cunninghamella elegans". Chemical & Pharmaceutical ...
... contains the bioactive agents apigenin and luteolin. The total antioxidant capacity of artichoke flower heads is one ...
The glycoside moiety at carbon-7 of apigenin, O-β-D-apiofuranosyl(→)2-β-D-glucosyl, is carried by several other flavones in ... Apiin is a natural flavonoid, a diglycoside of the flavone apigenin found in the winter-hardy plants parsley and celery, and in ... Apiose H. Meyer; A. Bolarinwa; G. Wolfram; J. Linseisen (2006). "Bioavailability of Apigenin from Apiin-Rich Parsley in Humans ...
Various species contain apigenin, luteolin, quercetin, other flavonoids and ecdysteroids. Species Serratula alata Desf. ...
Flavonoids found in Scorzonera include apigenin, kaempferol, luteolin, and quercetin. Other secondary metabolites reported from ...
V. I. Lutskii, A. S. Gromova and N. A. Tyukavkina (1971). "Aromadendrin, apigenin, and kaempferol from the wood of Pinus ...
... apigenin, oroxylin A, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone II. Baicalin and baicalein, wogonin, and apigenin have been confirmed ... Viola H, Wasowski C, Levi de Stein M, Wolfman C, Silveira R, Dajas F, Medina JH, Paladini AC (1995). "Apigenin, a component of ... Other active constituents include baicalin, apigenin, oroxylin A, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone. Some Scutellaria species, ...
The flavonoid apigenin has been show to strongly inhibit SASP production. SASP can aid in signaling to immune cells for ...
... also has active properties such as camphor, leutiolin, and apigenin. A new hygrine-like compound has been found ...
... and apoptosis induction by apigenin, bisabolol, and protocatechuic acid". Journal of Medicinal Food. 14 (3): 276-283. Hassan, S ...
CYP93G1 of the CYP450 superfamily in rice then desaturates naringenin into apigenin. After this step, it is proposed that ... flavonoid 3'5'-hydroxylase (F3'5'H) changes apigenin into tricetin. Upon formation of tricetin, 3'-O-methyltransferase and 5'-O ...
Apigenin Pan X, Tan N, Zeng G, Zhang Y, Jia R (2005). "Amentoflavone and its derivatives as novel natural inhibitors of human ... Amentoflavone is a biflavonoid (bis-apigenin coupled at 8 and 3' positions, or 3′,8′′-biapigenin) constituent of a number of ...
The flavonoid apigenin has been show to reduce gene expression of IκBζ. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000144802 - Ensembl, ...
Yarrow can be used for dying wool as it contains apigenin and luteolin. Depending on the mordant the color may be green to ...
The flavones genistein and apigenin may explain the cannabis-like effects of Zornia latifolia. "Zornia latifolia". Germplasm ...
Chuang CM, Monie A, Wu A, Hung CF (May 2009). "Combination of apigenin treatment with therapeutic HPV DNA vaccination generates ...
Apigenin showed to be antiallergic while diosgenin exhibited anti-inflammatory effects (Singh et al., 2010). The leaf extract ...
Other flavonoids present in P. incarnata include chrysin, apigenin, luteolin, quercetin, kaempferol, and isovitexin. The main ...
Heartsease plants contain aglycones[clarification needed] apigenin, chrysoeriol, isorhamnetin, kaempferol, luteolin, quercetin ...
Dong J, Qiu J, Wang J, Li H, Dai X, Zhang Y, Wang X, Tan W, Niu X, Deng X, Zhao S (October 2012). "Apigenin alleviates the ...
... leaves contain phytochemicals, such as anthraquinones, apigenin, catechins, cinnamic acid derivatives, vitexin, and ...
Apigenin, a phytochemical in chamomile, may interact with anticoagulant agents and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, while ... The main constituents of chamomile flowers are polyphenol compounds, including apigenin, quercetin, patuletin, and luteolin. ...
It contains notably high levels of apigenin, 452±192 μg/kg, which vary widely among legumes. Consumption of baked beans has ...
... apigenin 8-C-glucoside) Isovitexin (apigenin 6-C-glucoside) Rhoifolin (apigenin 7-O-neohesperidoside) Schaftoside (apigenin 6-C ... Dried parsley can contain about 45 mg apigenin/gram of the herb, and dried chamomile flower about 3-5 mg/gram. The apigenin ... The naturally occurring glycosides formed by the combination of apigenin with sugars include: Apiin (apigenin 7-O-apioglucoside ... Apigenin is found in many fruits and vegetables, but parsley, celery, celeriac, and chamomile tea are the most common sources. ...
However, the mechanism by which apigenin inhibits cancer cells is not fully understood. Id1 (inhibitor of differentiation or ... Apigenin, a common dietary flavonoid, has been shown to possess anti-tumor properties. ... Apigenin, a common dietary flavonoid, has been shown to possess anti-tumor properties. However, the mechanism by which apigenin ... Apigenin inhibits proliferation of ovarian cancer A2780 cells through Id1 FEBS Lett. 2009 Jun 18;583(12):1999-2003. doi: ...
Crystal structure of human CK2 alpha complexed with apigenin ... Crystal structure of human CK2 alpha complexed with apigenin. * ... Crystal structure of human CK2 alpha complexed with apigenin. Asada, N., Kitaura, K., Sekiguchi, Y., Nakaniwa, T., Kinoshita, T ...
Apigenin Synonym: Eriodictyl-7-Rutinoside CAS Number: 520-36-5 Specification:95% 98%HPLC Appearance: Yellowish brown fine ... Product Name: Apigenin. Synonym: Eriodictyl-7-Rutinoside. CAS Number: 520-36-5. Specification:95% 98%HPLC. Appearance: ... Belonging to the flavone class, which is the aglycone of several naturally occurring glycosides, apigenin can be found in many ... Apigenin exist in many plant, but the main source is celery, celeriac, and chamomile. ...
Apigenin Water-dispersive Powder (AG). Characteristics. *AG is a raw material for foods that is processed from water- ... insoluble Apigenin to a water-dispersive powder by introduction of a leading emulsifying and powder-producing technology. ...
CH$NAME: Apigenin. CH$COMPOUND_CLASS: Flavones. CH$FORMULA: C15H10O5. CH$EXACT_MASS: 270.24. CH$SMILES: OC1=CC=C(C=C1)C1=CC(=O) ... RECORD_TITLE: Apigenin; LC-ESI-QTOF; MS2. DATE: 2019.03.28. AUTHORS: Tetsuya Mori, Center for Sustainable Resource Science, ... Apigenin with the InChIKey KZNIFHPLKGYRTM-UHFFFAOYSA-N. ...
The active Apigenin in food and herbal sources is in the form of various acylated derivates and Apigenin-7-O-glucoside.[xxxix] ... APIGENIN AND HORMONES. Animal studies show Apigenin has a beneficial effect on many hormones, some of which could be cancer- ... APIGENIN AS AN ANTI-CANCER AGENT. Abundant evidence speculates that flavonoids like Apigenin may be helpful in the reduction of ... Apigenin is an aglycone Flavonoid; its in the Flavone class of the subgroup Anthoxanthins. Apigenin is a natural, active ...
Apigenin varuje živce in žilne stene. Apigenin zavira MAO encim APIGENIN stabilizira živčni, krvožilni, hormonski in imunski ... Kategorija: Apigenin. 12 oktobra, 2021. 16 oktobra, 2021. Alkivita, Apigenin, zaper, zaper-zaperino, ZAPPER ...
Name】Apigenin【CAS Registry number】520-36-5【Molecular Formula】C15H10O5 (Products with the same molecular formula)【Molecular ... Name】Apigenin. 【CAS Registry number】520-36-5. 【Molecular Formula】C15H10O5 (Products with the same molecular formula). 【 ... Name】Apigenin【CAS Registry number】520-36-5【Molecular Formula】C15H10O5 (Products with the same molecular formula)【Molecular ...
Posts about apigenin and cancer written by elynjacobs ... apigenin and cancer, bone broth recipes, lentil soup. Lentil ... Posts Tagged apigenin and cancer. alternatives to aromatase inhibitors, Alternatives to Tamoxifen, apigein and breast cancer ... For example, the apigenin in parsley is known not only for its aromatase-inhibiting abilities, but also for promoting cancer ... It is also is a strong source of apigenin and other anticancer flavonoids and phenolic compounds such as apiin, myristicin, ...
... a natural source of Apigenin, is a great supplement that and can help with digestion, skin health, and support healthy sleep & ... To start with it is a natural source of Apigenin . It contains high levels of antioxidants and flavonoids and may contribute to ...
Posts Tagged apigenin. Aug 30th. Top Three Vegetables that Help Fight Cancer. artichokes, Celery, Herbs, Scientific studies ...
60 Capsules per bottle, 1 capsule per serve (60 servings). Every serve includes: Bulbine Natalensis stem extract (10:1) (400mg) For best results take with a source of fats
Codeage, Liposomal Apigenin, 90 Capsules. 🔴 Preliminary research shows potential for cellular health. 🔴 May assist in ...
Apigenin is a bioflavonoid and antioxidant compound which is found in many different plants and herbs but is especially ... The Apigenin did not seem to be for me. I think it was drying for me, but I am very sensitive that way. I am sure it will be ... Apigenin is often used as a supplement for its relaxing properties and its ability to support healthy sleep quality and stress ... Apigenin is safe and well tolerated though at higher doses stomach discomfort is a common side effect. If you experience ...
Apigenin supports sleep quality without causing sedation at normal dosages. SUPPORTS HEALTHY STRESS LEVELS - Apigenin supports ... MANUFACTURED IN THE USA - Our Apigenin is manufactured right here in the USA and is tested ... Apigenin Side Effects. Apigenin is safe and well tolerated though at higher doses stomach discomfort is a common side effect. ... Apigenin is often used as a supplement for its relaxing properties and its ability to support healthy sleep quality and stress ...
Evaluation of apigenin using in vitro cytochalasin blocked micronucleus assay. Toxicology in Vitro. 2006 Oct;20(7):1168-1172. ... Evaluation of apigenin using in vitro cytochalasin blocked micronucleus assay. In: Toxicology in Vitro. 2006 ; Vol. 20, No. 7. ... Evaluation of apigenin using in vitro cytochalasin blocked micronucleus assay. Sanjeev Noel, Madhu Kasinathan, Srikanta Kumar ... Evaluation of apigenin using in vitro cytochalasin blocked micronucleus assay. / Noel, Sanjeev; Kasinathan, Madhu; Rath, ...
These results suggests the possible use of apigenin as a chronic rhinosinusitis therapeutic agent which can suppress tissue ... Apigenin suppressed the activation of MAPK (p-38, JNK) and NF-κB induced by TGF-β1 treatment. Apigenin also inhibited the ... Apigenin alleviates TGF-β1-induced nasal mucosa remodeling by inhibiting MAPK / NF-kB signaling pathways in chronic ... Apigenin (4,5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a bioflavonoid compound and has anti-tissue remodeling characteristics. The aims of this ...
title = "Cytotoxic apigenin derivatives from Chrysopogon aciculatis",. abstract = "Four new apigenin derivatives, 7-de-O- ... Cytotoxic apigenin derivatives from Chrysopogon aciculatis. Chien Chang Shen, Jing Jy Cheng, Horng Liang Lay, Szu Yuan Wu, ... Shen, C. C., Cheng, J. J., Lay, H. L., Wu, S. Y., Ni, C. L., Teng, C. M., & Chen, C. C. (2012). Cytotoxic apigenin derivatives ... Cytotoxic apigenin derivatives from Chrysopogon aciculatis. In: Journal of Natural Products. 2012 ; Vol. 75, No. 2. pp. 198-201 ...
1. Apigenin and luteolin glycosides from aerial parts. J Agric.Food Chem. 2001;49:753-758. View abstract. ...
Apigenin is a flavonoid, which is a compound that exists in many types of plants, including the humble parsley. Thanks to a ... This active ingredient is called apigenin. It has been found to switch off the pro-inflammatory genes leading to the ... Youd be wise to make sure you suppress your CD38 expression with an inhibitor such as apigenin. ... significant body of recent research, we now know that supplemental apigenin can inhibit CD38 directly, and result in increased ...
Best apigenin supplement :FAQs. What are the advantages of apigenin supplement?. Since apigenin supplement are so different in ... Best apigenin supplement :FAQs* What are the advantages of apigenin supplement?. * Can I get a apigenin supplement for a ... Apigenin - 3-Month Supply: Codeage Liposomal Apigenin supplement delivers 50 mg of apigenin extract per capsule, sourced from ... Are apigenin supplement cheaper?. There is no such thing as a cheap apigenin supplement. You should be looking for a quality ...
2022 Interstellar Blends , Activate Your Super Powers!. © 2019 Interstellar Blends , Activate Your Super Powers!. All Rights Reserved.. Mandatory FDA Disclaimer ...
Chamomile Extract is a traditional herbal remedy since ancient times. It is derived from the Matricaria Chamomilla flower and can help with promoting calmness and restful sleep
Apigenin and quercetin may have a therapeutic role in preventing and treating gastric spasm. ... KEY FINDINGS: Apigenin and quercetin-induced a concentration-dependent gastric relaxation, apigenin being more potent than ... Apigenin and quercetin may have a therapeutic role in preventing and treating gastric spasm. - GreenMedInfo Summary ... In the present study we examined the mechanism of action underlying gastric relaxation induced by apigenin and quercetin in ...
Swanson 芹菜素 Apigenin 50毫克90粒 芹菜素主要以糖基化形式存在於蔬菜(香菜,芹菜,洋蔥)水果(橙色),草藥(洋甘菊, ... Swanson 芹菜素 Apigenin 50毫克90粒 Swanson 芹菜素 Apigenin 50毫克90粒 芹菜素主要以糖基化形式存在於蔬菜(香菜,芹菜,洋蔥)水果(橙色),草藥(洋甘菊,百
Apigenin, luteolin, and quercetin display SARS-coronavirus inhibition.Nov 15, 2010. Click here to read the entire abstract. ...
Apigenin increases cisplatin inhibitory effects on the telomerase activity of triple negative breast cancer cells ... Apigenin-increases-cisplatin-inhibitory-effects-on-the-telomerase-activity-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells_2018_Jurnal- ... In the current study, the effect of cisplatin in combination with apigenin was investigated with regards to telomerase activity ... The results showed that the combined treatment of cisplatin and apigenin significantly down-regulated telomerase activity. The ...
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  • A proprietary product, FlavoCare capsules by Dr. Jay's Naturals, combines these two flavonoids, Apigenin (the primary ingredient) and Luteolin, with the flavones Chrysoeriol and Tricin for augmented, synergistic effect. (
  • Among the known compounds, the natural occurrence of apigenin-8-carbaldehyde and luteolin-7-sulfate is demonstrated for the first time. (
  • Celery contains apigenin and luteolin. (
  • Chamomile contains the flavonoids of luteolin, apigenin, and quercetin, which makes it beneficial in wound treatment. (
  • Multiple flavonoids, luteolin, apigenin, chrysoeriol and their glycosides were identified from desert poplar dyed wool samples. (
  • Apigenin and luteolin are both flavonoids within parsley. (
  • Parsley is also rich in flavonoids with powerful anti-oxidant properties including apiin, apigenin, crisoeriol, and luteolin. (
  • Its active compounds, apigenin, luteolin and α-bisabolol, promote relaxation by gradually lowering blood pressure (10). (
  • 3-O-methylquercetin, tangeritin, luteolin-7-O-glucoside, luteolin, apigenin-7-O-glucoside, apigenin-8-C-glucoside, luteolin-8-C-glucoside, luteolin-6-C-glucoside, diosmetin and catechin from the methanolic extract of Hyparrhenia hirta employing high performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. (
  • For subjects in the top one fifth of flavanone (hesperitin, narigenin and eriodictyol) intake, there was a 22 percent reduction in the risk of coronary heart disease mortality compared with those who consumed the least amount, and for flavones (luteolin and apigenin) a 12 percent reduction in total mortality was determined. (
  • Enzyme preparations from flowers of Antirrhinum majus catalysed the oxidation of naringenin to apigenin and o f eriodictyol to luteolin. (
  • Apigenin is particularly abundant in the flowers of chamomile plants, constituting 68% of total flavonoids. (
  • Flavonoids such as Apigenin are reported to initiate the production of cell-signaling molecules which stimulate the body's regulation, response and repair at the molecular level. (
  • Abundant evidence speculates that flavonoids like Apigenin may be helpful in the reduction of cancer risk simply by functioning as antioxidants and eliminating free radicals that have been linked to DNA damage and inflammation. (
  • Acts on a number of flavonoids, including the flavanone naringenin and the flavone apigenin. (
  • 2. Apigenin, the major polyphenol in parsley, which is part of the group of compounds called flavonoids. (
  • Apigenin is a bioflavonoid and antioxidant compound which is found in many different plants and herbs but is especially abundant in chamomile tea. (
  • Due to its many nutrients, Apigenin works as a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory in the body. (
  • Peak Performance Apigenin is all plant based, Non-GMO and is sourced from Chamomile flowers and buds which is extremely rich with this antioxidant compound. (
  • The functions of apigenin are recognized as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer. (
  • The antioxidant apigenin in the chamomile helps cancer cells and reduces the risk of cancer. (
  • Its sedative effects could be attributed to its abundant apigenin content (an antioxidant). (
  • Chamomile flower also contains an antioxidant called apigenin, said to help calm an anxious mind. (
  • How it works - The science: Antioxidant apigenin works to ease an overactive mind. (
  • Chamomile tea helps to reduce menstrual pain and muscle spasms, improves sleep and relaxation and reduces stress because it contains an antioxidant called apigenin that can induce sleep. (
  • It is a superstar, which is choco-full of apigenin, an antioxidant that binds to receptors in the brain, promoting sleepiness. (
  • The amazing chamomile tea contains apigenin, an antioxidant that helps to binds to certain receptors in your brain which reduce insomnia. (
  • Apigenin is found in many fruits and vegetables, but parsley, celery, celeriac, and chamomile tea are the most common sources. (
  • The apigenin content of fresh parsley is reportedly 215.5 mg/100 grams, which is much higher than the next highest food source, green celery hearts providing 19.1 mg/100 grams. (
  • The naturally occurring glycosides formed by the combination of apigenin with sugars include: Apiin (apigenin 7-O-apioglucoside), isolated from parsley and celery Apigetrin (apigenin 7-glucoside), found in dandelion coffee Vitexin (apigenin 8-C-glucoside) Isovitexin (apigenin 6-C-glucoside) Rhoifolin (apigenin 7-O-neohesperidoside) Schaftoside (apigenin 6-C-glucoside 8-C-arabinoside) Amentoflavone Merck Index, 11th Edition, 763. (
  • Apigenin exist in many plant, but the main source is celery, celeriac, and chamomile. (
  • There are different active ingredients such as phthalides, apigenin, and d-limonene in celery seeds. (
  • Apigenin, a compound abundant in parsley and celery, assists to inhibit breast cancer cell growth and increases the immunity to develop cancerous tumours. (
  • Apigenin is a bioflavonoid found in a number of plants, including chamomile, onions, grapefruits, and celery, that has the unique ability to inhibit 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD). (
  • Apigenin and quercetin may have a therapeutic role in preventing and treating gastric spasm. (
  • In the present study we examined the mechanism of action underlying gastric relaxation induced by apigenin and quercetin in isolated mouse stomach. (
  • KEY FINDINGS: Apigenin and quercetin-induced a concentration-dependent gastric relaxation, apigenin being more potent than quercetin. (
  • SIGNIFICANCE: Our results support the hypothesis that the gastric myorelaxant effects of apigenin and quercetin arise from their negative modulation of calcium influx through voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels, however intracellular modulation of signalling cascade leading to contraction could be involved. (
  • Kaempferol, quercetin and apigenin-O/C-glycosides, fatty acyl amides and carotenoids appeared crucial for biological activities and leaves origin discrimination. (
  • Apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone) is a bioflavonoid compound and has anti-tissue remodeling characteristics. (
  • Apigenin is a flavonoid, which is a compound that exists in many types of plants, including the humble parsley. (
  • Chamomile tea contains apigenin, a bioactive plant compound that may help improve sleep. (
  • Using this approach, we evaluate the efficacy of a library of flavone derivatives, identifying apigenin as a compound that simultaneously delays and reduces the formation of α-synuclein oligomers. (
  • Higher purity means more of the active compounds in each serving that give apigenin its powerful properties. (
  • Two compounds in the herb-apigenin and myristicin-work to boost liver enzyme production, which leads to better detoxing of the body. (
  • Blackburn's team recognized the compounds apigenin-7-O-glucoside and apigenin from their earlier research on chamomile dyes. (
  • Apigenin is a bioflavonoid found in many fruits and vegetables, such as parsley, onions, oranges and chamomile. (
  • something most other chamomile extract and apigenin 50mg supplements don't provide as it requires an extra step (and expense) in the manufacturing process. (
  • Apigenin, a powerful plant flavonoid, is also added to the formula to boost cell protection, while cabbage extract, a source of benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC), is included to maintain cell health. (
  • However, the mechanism by which apigenin inhibits cancer cells is not fully understood. (
  • Here, we demonstrate that apigenin inhibits proliferation and tumorigenesis of human ovarian cancer A2780 cells through Id1. (
  • Conclusions The outcomes suggested that apigenin inhibits T-24 cells proliferation via blocking cell routine inducing and development apoptosis. (
  • Our results may elucidate a new mechanism underlying the inhibitory effects of apigenin on cancer cells. (
  • 'AG' is a raw material for foods that is processed from water-insoluble Apigenin to a water-dispersive powder by introduction of a leading emulsifying and powder-producing technology. (
  • Deal Supplement plant based Apigenin powder capsules. (
  • 3. Liu R, Zhang T, Yang H, Lan X, Ying J, Du G. "The flavonoid apigenin protects brain neurovascular coupling against amyloid-β- induced toxicity in mice. (
  • Finally, a flavanone synthase (FNS) enzyme oxidizes naringenin to apigenin. (
  • Belonging to the flavone class, which is the aglycone of several naturally occurring glycosides, apigenin can be found in many plant. (
  • In the present study, we evaluated apigenin, a plant-derived flavonoid in doses of 10, 33, and 100 μM per 5 ml culture using cytochalasin-B blocked micronucleus (CBMN) assay in peripheral human lymphocytes. (
  • It also contains apigenin, a plant chemical that boosts your body's detoxification. (
  • The white horehound plant is rich in apigenin, a flavonoid which has been found to have anticancer properties. (
  • Apigenin is a powerful plant bioflavonoid. (
  • SUPPORTS HEALTHY STRESS LEVELS - Apigenin supports healthy stress levels by exerting an inhibitory effect on cortisol. (
  • MANUFACTURED IN THE USA - Our Apigenin is manufactured right here in the U.S.A. and is tested for purity and potency. (
  • Myristicin and apigenin have both been identified as having anticancer properties. (
  • While a 100 mg (2 capsules) can be taken safely many people may find this dosage to be too high to be used in the morning so a 2 capsule dosage is only recommended for those using Apigenin for sleep who find a 1 capsule dosage to be insufficient. (
  • Two Month Supply: Each bottle of Apigenin contains 120 capsules and 50mg per capsule. (
  • LIPO Apigenin™ is a sustained-released liposomal delivery system that provides superior absorption of Apigenin in easy-to-swallow capsules. (
  • Cortisol - In isolated human H295R adrenal cells, 12.5μM of Apigenin decreased cortisol to 47.5% of control (yet was outperformed by both soy isoflavones). (
  • Apigenin is thought to be estrogenic, anxiolytic and have anti-inflammatory properties. (
  • Taking place apigenin is available mainly in hydroxylated type Normally, and it has been proven to inhibit tumour cell proliferation, motility, angiogenesis, and induce apoptosis [22-25]. (
  • We demonstrated that apigenin inhibited T-24 cells proliferation via blocking cell routine inducing and development apoptosis. (
  • It showed that apigenin reduced cell growth and induced apoptosis in the cells. (
  • Apigenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavone), found in many plants, is a natural product belonging to the flavone class that is the aglycone of several naturally occurring glycosides. (
  • Apigenin is a natural, active ingredient found almost ubiquitously in plants. (
  • Apigenin has also been found to exert anti-diabetic effects in the body by potentiating the GLUT4 response to insulin. (
  • Apigenin was found to induce micronuclei in a dose dependent manner indicating potential genotoxic hazard in humans. (
  • In animal studies, apigenin was found to slow cancer growth and even shrink tumors. (
  • The animal studies have found that apigenin may be more effective than other treatments because it has multiple effects on tumors, such as cutting off blood flow to tumors, binding proteins to the body, and slowing the replication rate of cancer cells. (
  • APIG - Apigenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavone), found in many plants, is a natural product belonging to the flavone class that is the aglycone of several natu. (
  • Apig: Apigenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavone), found in many plants, is a natural product belonging to the fla. (
  • I've also found benefit from the B vitamins, and apigenin, which is found in parsley, but can also be taken now in pill form. (
  • Animal studies show apigenin protects against symptoms of Alzheimer's. (
  • At a 98%+ purity level, Toniiq Apigenin provides some of the purest, most potent apigenin available. (
  • Apigenin (NSC 83244, LY 080400) is a potent P450 inhibitor for CYP2C9 with K i of 2 μM. (
  • Dried parsley can contain about 45 mg apigenin/gram of the herb, and dried chamomile flower about 3-5 mg/gram. (
  • The chamomile flower has apigenin that calms your nerves and saves you from sleepless nights. (
  • Animal studies show Apigenin has a beneficial effect on many hormones, some of which could be cancer-preventive or have therapeutic applications. (
  • Estrogen - Apigenin in DU-125 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells appears to inhibit proliferation, and in yeast analyses activated both subunits of the estrogen receptor (ERα and ERβ). (
  • Since then, extensive research in various animal models of cancer and clinical trials have shown the promising chemopreventive and potential therapeutic aspects of Apigenin at each stage of carcinogenesis as well as its anti-tumor activities and low toxicity. (
  • Apigenin has been demonstrated optimal effect in cancer prevention and reduce cancer metastasis, including breast cancer. (
  • Presented results have demonstrated the role of apigenin on breast cancer metastasis is associated with FAK signal pathway inhibition. (
  • The capacity of low dose apigenin treated in breast cancer for short time has been clarified here. (
  • Chamomile tea contains apigenin, which is a flavonoid thought to have cancer-fighting properties. (
  • Because of the central role of transcription factor nuclear factor-κB NF-κB in pancreatic cancer, we investigated the roles of NF-κB in apigenin-induced growth inhibition in pancreatic cancer cells. (
  • These results indicated that apigenin had a potential to inhibit IKK-β-mediated NF-κB activation, and was a valuable agent for the pancreatic cancer treatment. (
  • Setting a New Standard for Purity - To ensure that you are getting a high-quality apigenin supplement, each batch is tested for quality and purity both during and after manufacturing. (
  • Various experimental models and clinical trials also demonstrate the therapeutic potential of Apigenin for neuroprotection through multiple mechanisms. (
  • These results suggests the possible use of apigenin as a chronic rhinosinusitis therapeutic agent which can suppress tissue remodelling in nasal mucosa. (
  • Apigenin (4,5,7,-trihydroxyflavone) is normally a common eating flavonoid and it is broadly distributed in a number of vegetables & fruits, such as for example parsley, onions, oranges, and tea [21]. (
  • Testosterone - Apigenin modifies a receptor (TBXA2) and an enzyme's activity (aromatase) in a manner that brings about increased testosterone activity at relatively low concentrations. (
  • In this study, we verify low dose (≤5 μg/ml) apigenin exposure 3 h would not influence the MCF-7 cells viability but can decrease its FAK signal activation to reduce matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) expression. (
  • Moreover, low dose apigenin treated in MCF-7 cells could reduce the cell mobility through the Rho GTPases (Ras, Rac-1, cdc-42, and RhoA) downregulation to cause cytoskeleton remodeling. (
  • I recently bought some gummies w/ melatonin (total 3 mg/ dose) and have started using apigenin as well. (
  • Apigenin analytical standard provided with w/w absolute assay, to be used for quantitative titration. (
  • Thanks to a significant body of recent research, we now know that supplemental apigenin can inhibit CD38 directly, and result in increased NAD levels. (
  • You'd be wise to make sure you suppress your CD38 expression with an inhibitor such as apigenin. (
  • Apigenin also increased the activation ratio of silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), and inhibited CD38 activity in a concentration-dependent manner. (
  • So, in addition to molecules like Apigenin that directly inhibit CD38, there are many natural products that lower systemic inflammation, resulting in lower CD38 and increased NAD+. (